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In this guide im going to cover EVERYTHING you need to know and purchase to start your very own low tech, low budget, personal grow. Ill cover every step from seed to dried and cured bud, and even how to make hash from your trim. So lets get to it! First thing i wanna do is tell you not to listen to High Times magazine when it comes to growing. They put out a new grow guide every month and they all contradict each other and try to make growing seem very hard and complex. This is not the case at all. Marijuana is a plant, and as long as it has dirt, light and water it will grow. Now you may not get the same outcome as someone using a $1500 set up, but whatever you grow is already gonna be better than the weed the seed came from. I HIGHLY recommend you go to a book store and pick up Jorge Cervantes "Medical Grow Bible". Its an extremely well written and illustrated book that will teach you literally everything you could ever possibly need to know about marijuana. This guide is based around a very cheap method of growing, using CFL lighting (the twisty, energy effective bulbs). Im able to write this guide because ive used CFLs multiple times in the past and know exactly what to do. My outcomes have always been good using this same method im gonna be describing. Ive already made and learned from beginner mistakes, so hopefully ill be able to prevent you from making them. Lets move on
Chapter 2: Buying Supplies and Space Setup
Everything on the supply list can be bought at Wal-Mart or Lowes. Now it may be a little more difficult to find good soil in the winter time, so if you plan a winter grow youll either have to buy ahead of time, or visit a gardening supply store. A lot of people will tel you that Miracle Grow soil is garbage and shouldnt be used. But ive found that it works just fine if you know what to stay away from. The ONLY Miracle Grow soil i recommend using is the Seed Starter and Organic Gardner varieties. The reason being is that they contain low levels of time released
Plug all these light strings into the extension cord and plug the extension cord into the timer and the timer into the wall outlet. and MAKE SURE THEY ARE VERY WELL SECURED! I cant stress this point enough. youll add the other 2 (Note: this is the MINIMUM amount of lights you need. the more you add. Now cover your space with the emergency blankets with double sided tape or anyother kind of tape. Now just put the fan in the corner so it will blow across the space and your done! . The Supply List: -Miracle Grow "Seed Starter" soil -Miracle Grow "Organic Garden" soil -Shultz 10-15-10 Liquid Plant Food -12 "soft white" CFL bulbs (23 or 26 watt) -12 "daylight" CFL bulbs (23 or 26 watt) -3 Hanging shop lights (they look like THIS and are sold at walmart) -9 "Y" light socket splitters -24 Hour timer -a small desk fan -Extention cord -Solo "party" plastic cups -Plastic flower pots (i recommend 1 gallon) -3-4 Emergency Blankets (the very thin.fertilizers which will cause you plants to "burn" up. they dry up and die. you gonna need a dedicated grow space. This could be a wooden box youve built. Then screw in 4 of the "soft light" bulbs into them. metallic shiney kind. Youll only need 1 "string" of these lights for the seedling growth stage. and at least 2-2 1/2 feet of height) For the lights. When plants "burn" from nutrients. Then during the vegetation cycle. you should have about 1 square foot of space. put a "Y" splitter in them. or just an empty closet (keep in mind for ever plant you have. They reflect light and make your space more effecient. Several times i thought my lights were secured well. a big stereo box. the better the end result will be) You wanna hang these lights so they are above your plants. in the sporting good section) -Plastic wrap Once you have bought everything. and at some point they slipped free and dropped on the plants and severely damaged them and burned them. then another splitter in each of the socket holes in the original splitter. you wanna take the shop lights.
Keep the soil moist. or if you just pull some out of a bag of buds. and one that isnt solid black. you can take the plastic wrap off. If you go down about 1/2" and the soil is dry. Now to start the germination process. Once the seedling pushes out its first leaf that has 3 fingers on it. During this stage the seedlings are delicate. the seedling cycle is over and the plants will start growing a lot faster.Chapter 3: Germinating Seeds Seeds you grow with can be any seeds from a marijuana plant. . Once you see this and the sprout is about 1/81/4" out. fill them with seed starter soil and water them well. the soil should be moist. When choosing your seed. so make sure you dont over water or add any kind of nutrients. put the plastic wrap over top of the cup and place them directly under your soft white lights. It usually takes a day or 2 for the seedling to sprout up from the soil. place the seeds on it and fold the towel over so the seeds are covered. then give them a good watering. After theyve soaked. wet a paper towel with warm water. Chapter 4: Seedling Cycle Once your seeds have sprouted. You want a seed thats a little bigger than a BB with no cracks. youll have to water every other day or so. Your looking for the seed to crack on the seam and a little white sprout to poke out. but if you dig down a little bit. you want to inspect them for any cracks. The top layer can and will get dry due to the light. Keep your lights on 24 hours a day for the seedling cycle. Check the seeds every few hours. so just be patient and have faith that soon theyll start growing by leaps and bounds. Plants in this stage grow very slow. Now sometimes when the seedlings sprout up from the dirt. Generally in the party cups. Cover it back up with dirt. VERY carefully and gently use tweezers to remove it. Once the seedling pushes its first set of real leafs out. make some holes at the bottom of the solo cups. you want to fill a little bowl with warm water and simply let your seeds sit in the water for a few hours (overnight is fine). Now dig a small hole in the top of the soil about a 1/4" down and place your seed sprout side down in the soil. splits or holes because these seeds will NOT grow. Place this on a plate and cover it with a solid bowl and set it in a warm spot. the seed casing may be attached. weather you decide to buy them from a seed bank. its time to plant them.
you want 18 hours of light and 6 hours of solid dark. . You want the soil to come about an inch away from the lowest set of leafs. and gently squeeze the sides to loosen up the soil.. This isnt nessacary. This is to ensure they arent shocked by the sudden addition.DARK. i mean just the tippy top. then go down to the next set of leaves down and snip the top off right at that set of leaves.. This will encourage growth. Now you can start giving them the nutrients. They are leaps and bounds above any other nutrients and the results will definitely show very quickly. and if you really are on a very fixed budget they will work. I would start at about 1/4 strength for 1 week. Now once your plants are about 4-6" tall. Youll notice that the plants are going to start growing at a faster pace. youve successfully transplanted. You need to be sure that the dark cycle is just that. They are definitely looking into. dig a hole in it big enough to hold the party cup. Find the very top of the plant.Chapter 5: Vegetative Cycle Once your plants have their first set of 3 fingered leafs. If your plant stretched (the main stem is very long) dig the hole deeper and put it in. and Big Bloom. and cut the top of the plant off. When i say top of the plant. youll only want to use your plant food every other watering. This is more important in flowering than in veg. your going to want to transplant them into the bigger pots. you have the option to Top or FIM them. then go full strength for the remander. then gently tug on the main stem of the plant til it comes out. but i highly recommend looking into getting Fox Farm liquid nutrients. I recommend getting the Grow Big. After youve transplanted your plants. Tiger Bloom. didnt it? Just fill any gaps with more soil and water it a little more. simply take a pair of clean scissors. Now give it a good watering and youll notice the soild kinda washed away. but it can keep your plants from growing too tall. This will help prevent nute lock. Now take the cup with your plant in it. To Top your plant. While the Shultz will keep your plants going but the Fox Farm will make your plants EXPLODE in growth very rapidly. then 1/2 strength for a week. Now i know i said to use the Shultz plant food. its time to switch the light cycle. Whatever route you go. Your plants are now probably about a week or 2 old. they have effectively moved from the seedling stage and moved into the vegetative stage. To do this simply fill your pots with the Organic Garden soil. but its better to get it right now. Once youve got it soil all in and the rootball completely covered. Put the rootball into the hole you dug and cover it with dirt. You dont want any light to be able to get into your grow space. and it splits the main cola into several different ones. So now instead of 24 hours of uninterupted light. it encourages side branch growth. because it will interupt the grow cycle. Now once your plants get to about 6" tall.
And where attention to detail is very important. male and female just as humans (hermaphrodites too). If you choose to FIM/Top your plant. and when they do this they will push out flowers. a step i like to take is leave the plants in total darkness for 24 hours. and this is essencially the key to a successful harvest (and thats what we really want. To FIM a plant is a little too complicated to accurately describe. making them each grow into a seperate cola. Whys this important? Well marijuana plants have different sexes.. growth will slow a little bit at first. Now that thats done. and eventually grow pre-flowers. It also shows how to Top. what every grower waits for. I always flower my plants at about 1' in height. This is to somewhat mimic the automn sunlight. So to stop this. put the lights on an even 12 on/12 off cycle. Females: . After about a week. which will get on the female and cause her to develop seed. First thing you wanna do is swap out those "daylight" bulbs for the "soft white" bulbs.making sure not to cut any side branches that may be present. Chapter 6: Sexing Plants Ahh yes. no mercy style). This is the key to forcing plants into flowering. After the 24 hours of dark. so its a win win. the plant will effectively be in flowering mode. If you choose to keep your plants in veg they will continue to grow. where as the daylights mimic the spring sunlight. This will cause the growth hormones to be redirected to those 2 side branches. but it will resume after about a week. so this picture will show how to do it. Once your plant is about 1/3 of the size you want it to be.which we definitely do not want. Heres where your attention to detail is gonna be put to the test. This preps the flowering hormones to get going. right?). The female plants are the ones that produce those beautiful buds that get you stoned and the males just spray pollen all over the place.. we have to weed out and kill every male that pops up (yes kill. its time to flower. This is where your patients will really be put to the test.
preflowers will show themselves at the nodes. This is what your looking for. which is where the leafs and branches meet the main stem.The female plant will push out "flowers" that are really just little pods called caylxes. Here is what a female preflower looks like: And a more close up view: . that split open and push out little "hairs" called pistils.
the pollen can stay in your space for a long time and pollenate plants even long after the male has been removed. but instead of one little pod with the hairs.Males: Male plants will show preflowers at the same spot as the females. Regardless of if the females are in full flower or not. you generally have about a week or so before they open and spew pollen everywhere. called pollen sacks. Heres what a male flower looks like: And closer: . Once these sacks show. theyll push out tiny clusters of balls. so its extremely important to spend time each day looking over every node to make sure you dont have a male.
you still must keep a vigilant eye on it because plants can and do go hermaphrodite. itll come in real handy.I really recommend getting a magnifying glass for this stage. So your female can grow male parts and . Now even if your plant shows female flowers.
Chapter 8: Harvesting/Trimming/Drying/Curing This is where all your work. Clip all the leafs as close to the stem as you can possibly get. hang the branch upside down in a dry.pollenate itself. After 2 weeks of opening the jars daily. This is going to VERY time consuming to get each bud perfect. Its really up to you. Let these sit for a day. cool place. put the tops back up and open them up 2 times a day for 5 minutes each time and shake them up so they rotate a bit. What you want to do is start by cutting off all the large leafs as close to the main stem as you can get. you have a couple options. And thats that! At this point youve successfully completed your first grow. What i do recommend is a good pair of scissors with a small tip and a really comfortable chair. cut the buds off of the branches and place them in a glass mason jar with an air tight seal. you can start smoking! The longer they cure in these jars like this. or you can cut the whole plant down and then cut the branches. then move on to all the little leafs. After this uncovered day. After a few days of this. opening them once a day. Leave these hanging like this for at LEAST 5 days. Pat your self on the back and call yourself a grower. Once youve finished clipping the leaves off. Youll notice that the jars will stink like wet hay for a while. even if they feel crispy to the touch the inside is still moist. patients and time finally start to pay off! But trust me. but just keep pushing forward and youll finish eventually.. then take the top off and let them sit unsealed for a day. cuz you will be trimming for hours. Rule of thumb is once the smaller stems snap when bent. . Curing is simple. If you see a plant doing this in just 1 or 2 spot. you earned it. They were found on the internet to illustrate what im talking about. the better theyll get. they are ready to be cured. trim em and hang em to dry. First you can cut off single branches trim and hang them to dry. Once youve determined your plants are done. Save all your trim and any small puffy buds not worth trimming and drying. this shit stops being fun after about 15 minutes.. Lets get started. you can just cut the branches off that are growing male parts and hope for the best. this will go away eventually and theyll have a weed smell. but if its an ongoing problem its best to just kill the plant. you can keep them closed. *Note: The pictures in this chapter and any following chapter are not mine.
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