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Santiago Trading Bldg.,Santillan Steet, Tabaco City Tel Nos. 052 4877014 CP No. 09208412235
CONSTRUCTION SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM
NAME OF PROJECT : Construction of TB Reference Building
PRINCIPAL/PROJECT OWNER: Department of Health- Bicol, Legazpi City
It is KINGSON CONTRACTORS belief that our people are our most important asset and the preservation of workers Safety and Health must remain a constant consideration in every phase of construction. and health hazards. All workers are responsible for working safely and productively, as well as recognition and awareness of hazards in their work areas. Workers are also responsible for following safe work practices, including the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) where necessary. It is our belief that any safety and health program must have total workers involvement. Therefore, this program has management’s highest priority, support, and participation. SAFETY IS A WAY OF LIFE. VICENTE Q. RAÑOLA Owner/Proprietor We will provide the resources necessary to manage, control, or eliminate all safety
Safety begins at the top and goes downward throughout the company. The primary goal of KINGSON CONTRACTORS is to continue operating a profitable business while protecting workers from injuries, illness or harm. This can be achieved in part by delegating responsibility and accountability to all involved in this company's operation.
Responsibility: Having to answer for activities and results. Accountability: The actions taken by management to insure the
performance of responsibilities. In other words, to reach our goal of a safe workplace everyone needs to take responsibility and be held accountable. Benefits of achieving our goals are: • • • • • •
Minimizing of injuries and accidents Minimizing the loss of property and equipment Elimination of potential fatalities Elimination of potential permanent disabilities Reductions in workers’ compensation costs Reductions in operating costs Having the best Safety and Health conditions possible in the
COMMITMENT The management of KINGSON CONTRACTORS is committed to the company's safety policy, and to provide direction and motivation by:
Appointing ENGR. LEONARDA C. CEMAÑA Establishing company safety goals and objectives.
as our Safety
Officer. • • •
Developing and implementing a written Safety and Health Ensuring total commitment to the Safety and Health program. Facilitating workers’ safety training. Establishing responsibilities for management and workers to Ensuring that management and workers are held accountable for Establishing and enforcing disciplinary procedures for workers. Reviewing the Safety and Health program annually, and revising
performance of their safety responsibilities.
or updating as needed.
The responsibilities of Safety Committee Members include: • • • • • • • • • • Discussing safety policies and procedures with management and Reviewing accident investigation reports on all accidents and Identifying unsafe conditions and work practices and making Plans and develops accident prevention program Conducts safety meetings at least once a month Review reports of inspection. RAÑOLA as the chairman. recommendations for corrections. VICENTE Q. accident investigation and making recommendations for improvements. implementation of program. created for the purpose of fostering safety and health through communication. “near-misses”. The committee is a forum. Provides necessary assistance to government inspecting authorities. Develops and maintains a disaster contingency plan and organizes such emergency service units as may be necessary to 5 .SAFETY COMMITTEE and SAFETY MEETINGS The Committee shall consist of representatives from management and nonmanagement workers with Mr. Submits reports to the manager on its meetings and activities. Initiates and supervises safety training for employees.
made at the monthly safety meetings. property losses. The office phone numbers are: Office Tel/Fax number: 052 4877014 It shall be the duty of the Safety Officer to assist the Supervisor/Foreman and all other levels of Management in the initiation. injuries. and “near misses”. LEONARDA C. etc. All topics of safety concerns must be documented accordingly. Reviewing accidents. The Weekly Safety meeting shall be conducted by the Safety Officer. Starting and Stopping on time. and “near misses” for trends and similar causes to initiate corrective actions. All workers of KINGSON CONTRACTORS shall attend and participate in the weekly safety meetings. 6 . Following up on recommendations. property losses. Discussing each topic thoroughly. providing handouts if possible. Using illustrated material and demonstrations to make the point.. injuries. Evaluating accidents. Problems that have arisen or that are anticipated shall be discussed along with any other safety and health topics. The meeting shall be kept a valuable educational experience by: • • • • • • Keeping the meetings moving. ASSIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITY SAFETY OFFICER The KINGSON CONTRACTORS has designated ENGR.handle disaster situations pursuant to the emergency preparedness manual for company of the Office of Civil Defense. and execution of an effective safety program including the following: • • Introducing the safety program to new employees. CEMAÑA as our Safety Officer. • Assisting the personnel in the execution of standard policies. suggestions. education. The Safety Officer must document the meetings using the form in Appendix A.
including accidents which often result in injuries and property damage. • Regularly emphasizing that accident and health hazard exposure prevention are not only moral responsibilities. codes. DUTIES OF SUPERVISOR/FOREMAN: The Supervisors and/or Foremen will establish an operating atmosphere that insures that safety and health is managed in the same manner and with the same emphasis as production. accident investigation or any other related programs. disciplinary procedures. Maintaining adequate stock of first aid supplies and other safety Making sure there is adequate number of qualified first aid Becoming thoroughly familiar with OSHS regulations and safety Defining the the responsibilities appraisal for safety and and health of all equipment to insure their immediate availability. cost. Preparing monthly accident reports and investigations. certified people on the work site. and quality control. reviews of the facility. safety and health inspection. Emphasizing to employees that accidents create unnecessary Provide assistance to government agencies in the conduct of personal and financial losses. but also a condition of employment.• • • • • • • Conducting safety inspections on a periodic basis. routinely attending safety meetings. • • Identifying operational oversights that could contribute to Participating in safety and health related activities. and 7 . subordinates and holding each person accountable for their results through • • formal system where necessary. Addressing all hazards or potential hazards as needed.
DUTIES OF THE WORKERS: It is the duty of each and every worker to know the safety rules. Disregard of the safety and health rules shall be grounds for disciplinary action up to and including termination. supervisor/foreman. and instruct employees when necessary. It is also the duty of each worker to make full use of the safeguards provided for their protection. nor allowing workers Enforcing safety rules consistently. the Safety Officer. • • Spending time with each person hired explaining the safety Ensuring that initial orientation of "new hires" is carried out by Making sure that if a “Competent Person” is required. and following company's Conducting a daily. and seeking treatment promptly. Workers 8 . Performing Reporting supervisor/foreman. clothes safely no as as determined directed how slight by by to the their their and procedures. plant-site safety inspection and correcting policies and the hazards of his/her particular work. responsibilities include the following: • • • • • • Reading. matter supervisor/foreman immediately. in Appendix B. understanding and following safety and health rules Signing the Policies and Procedures Acknowledgement included Wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at all times when Wearing suitable all ALL work tasks injuries. to do so. discipline and enforcement procedures.correcting employee behavior that can result in accidents and injuries. Every employee will receive an orientation when hired and receive a copy of the Company Safety and Health Program. that one is Never short-cutting safety for expediency. and conduct his work in compliance with these rules. noted safety violations. working in areas where there is a possible danger of injury. • • • • present to oversee.
• • • Knowing the location of first aid. or using any other safety devices. and Attending any and all required safety and health meetings. ABOUT THE SAFETY OF ANY OPERATION 9 . • • • Serves as members and cooperate actively with the Health and Assist government agencies in the conduct of health and safety STOPPING AND ASKING QUESTIONS IF EVER IN DOUBT Safety Committee. hazardous material until properly trained. and following all safety procedures when performing those tasks. fire fighting equipment. Not performing potentially hazardous tasks. inspection or other programs.
Correcting employee’s negative behavior to the extent required. Supervisor/foreman or safety coordinator must inform the workers what safety rule or policy was violated and how to correct the problem. A. 10 . B. Written documentation of disciplinary warnings and corrective action taken. documented in worker’s file. The workers should acknowledge the warning by signing the document before it is placed in their personnel file. These supervisory practices include administering corrective action when workers safety performance or conduct jeopardizes this goal. If the worker fails to 3. However. in most circumstances the following steps will be followed: VERBAL WARNING informally documented. for repeated or serious safety infractions. SUSPENSION. Major elements of this policy include: Constructive criticism/instruction by the worker’s supervisor/foreman to educate and inform workers of appropriate safety performance and behavior. C. Informing the workers that continued violation of company safety policies may result in termination. for three (3) working days. D. sufficiently serious.DISCIPLINE / ENFORCEMENT KINGSON CONTRACTORS seeks to establish and maintain standards of workers conduct and supervisory practices which will support and promote safe and effective business operations. Repeated minor infractions or a more substantial safety infraction requires issuance of a written warning. 1. appropriately respond or management determines the infraction is TERMINATION. the company may choose any corrective action including immediate termination. 2. This policy sets forth general guidelines for a corrective action process aimed to document and correct undesirable workers’ behavior. 4. Every attempt should be made to re-educate the employee on the desired performance. by supervisor/foreman or safety coordinator for minor infractions of company safety rules. Depending on the facts and circumstances involved with each situation. WRITTEN WARNING.
DOMETITA as SITE FIRST AIDER. • Telephone numbers must be posted where emergency telephone KINGSON CONTRACTORS has designated concurrently Ms. first aid kit/cabinet must be on site. then a first aid trained person must be available on the site at all times • An appropriate. It must be • Provisions for an ambulance or other transportation must be made in advance. having adequate training to render first aid in the event of a medical emergency in areas where emergency response time is in excess of 4-min. RIZA C. They will maintain appropriate first aid kits and check them weekly to assure they are properly stocked. • Contact methods must be provided.FIRST AID • In areas where severe bleeding. a 3 to 4 minute response time is required • If medical attention is not available within 4 minutes. checked weekly on the completeness of required medicine. number is not available. First aid kits are located at the location: • • Construction Site Field Office Every worker shall be trained in emergency procedures: o Evacuation plan o Alarm systems 11 . or severe electrical shock can occur. suffocation.
Antiseptic eyewash. cc 5. cc 3. Tablet 9. Topical Antiseptic. First Aid Pamphlet 2. Thermometer 4. roll 1 5 1 1 1 10 10 Quantity 60 120 240 30 15 120 1 20 12 . Isopropyl Alcohol. Anti-Hestaminic Tablets 10. Antacid Tablets 11. pads 5. and Facilities Classification: Hazardous Workplaces Number of Workers: 1 – 50 I. cc 6. Hydrogen Peroxide Solution. cc 4. cc 2. Medical Supplies and Equipments 1. Analgesic/Antiseptic. Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia. Sterile Gauze.o Shutdown procedures for equipment o Types of potential emergencies It is the company’s responsibility to review their job sites addressing all potential emergency situations. Anti-Diarrhea Tablets II. Medical Supplies. Medicines 1. Burn Ointment. Toothache Drops. cc 7. Tube 8. Gauze Bandage. List of Medicines. First Aid Box 3.
Triangular Bandage 12. Forceps 20. Rubber Tourniquet 18. supply or equipment prescribe in the table may be substituted with one of comparable effectiveness. Bandage Scissors 11. Waste Pail 21. 13 . Any medicine. Ice Bag With needles 2. Absorbent Cotton 10. Tongue Depressors Wooden 14. Venoclysis Set (IV tubing. Safety Pins 13. Soap cake III. and shall be replaced with the same quantity immediately after use or consumption. Disposable Hypodermic Syringes 1 Adequate Quantity 1 1 Adequate Quantity 100 1 1 1 Adequate quantity 1. Medical Facilities 1. N/A Note: 1 16.6. Butterfly) 19. Hot Waste Bag 15. Adhesive Tapes 9.5 cc 17.
Where it is not feasible to eliminate such hazards. These procedures include measures such as the following: • • • • Maintaining all extension cords and equipment. Periodically inspecting the worksite for safety hazards. Once a potential hazard is recognized. • Addressing any and all safety hazards with employees. workplace hazards are prevented by effective design of the job site or job. Ensuring all guards and safety devices are working. they must be controlled to prevent unsafe and unhealthy exposure. Establishing a medical program that provides applicable first aid to the site. the elimination or control must be done in a timely manner. as well as nearby physician and emergency phone numbers.CONTROL OF HAZARDS Where feasible. 14 .
Once a potential hazard is recognized. No more than 25-gallons of combustible liquids stored on site. The following fire prevention requirements must be met for each site: • • One conspicuously located HCFC fire extinguisher (or equivalent) One HCFC conspicuously located fire extinguisher (or equivalent) A conspicuously located. ft. Fire hazards must be controlled to prevent unsafe conditions. No obstructions or combustible materials piled in the exits. it must be eliminated or controlled in a timely manner. for every 3000 sq. • • • • • more than 5-gallons of flammable liquids or gas are stored. for every floor. 15 . combustible materials. HCFC fire extinguisher for everywhere Generators and internal combustion engines located away from Site free from accumulation of combustible materials or weeds.FIRE PREVENTION Fire prevention is an important part of protecting workers and company assets.
Fire extinguishers in the immediate vicinity where welding. cutting or heating is being done. 16 .• • No LPG containers stored in any buildings or enclosed spaces.
Walkways. Chairs • Electrical Hazards- Appliances.be able to look at an operation and identify unsafe acts and conditions. Steel Erection. Scaffolds. Overloads. Wall openings. Floors. Storage Fire HazardsOily-Dirty Rags. Damaged cords. Eye injury due to flying objects 17 .Exits. Extension cords. Tripping. Roofs and roof openings.Floors. Outlets. Switches. Combustibles. Ladders (Straight and Step). Trenches. Training is most effective when incorporated into other education on performance requirements and job practices. icy walkways • Health Hazards. Stairs. Exits (blocked) Trips/Slips Stairs.TRAINING AND EDUCATION Training is an essential component of an effective safety and health program addressing the responsibilities of both management and employees at the site. Asbestos. Training programs should be provided as follows: • • • • • • Initially when the safety and health plan is developed For all new employees before beginning work When new equipment. A list of typical hazards employees should be able to recognize may include: • Fall Hazards . Metal Boxes. or processes are introduced When procedures have been updated or revised When experiences/operations show that employee performance must be improved At least annually Besides the standard training. Fuel Gas of Materials (Hazardous and Non-Hazardous). Electrical cords. • Cylinders. Loss of hearing.Silicosis. Portable Tools (broken casing or damaged wiring). employees should also be trained in the recognition of hazards . Un-even flooring. Protruding Nails etc. Grounding.. Ground fault circuit interrupters(GFCI) • Housekeeping Issues . materials.Falls from. Trash. Overhead High Voltage.
18 .Employees trained in the recognition and reporting of hazards and supervisors/foremen trained in the correction of hazards will substantially reduce the likelihood of a serious injury.
CEMAÑA . Aurora Street.RECORDKEEPING AND OSHS LOG REVIEW In the event of a fatality (death on the job) or catastrophe (accident resulting in hospitalization of three or more workers) contact ENGR LEONARDA C. you are to report it to your supervisor/foreman as soon as possible. The OSHS Rule 1050 or equivalent shall be used for the recording.Safety Officer. days away from work. An OSHS recordable injury or illness is defined as an injury resulting in loss of consciousness. The entry should be done within 7 days after the injury or illness has occurred.) Drilling fingernails/toenails Eye patches. flushing or soaking wounds Ace bandages and wraps Non-prescription drugs at non-prescription strength (Aspirin. Albay District. Legaspi City at (52) 480-5831. Tylenol.DOLE Region V Office. days of restricted work. A log entry and summary report shall be maintained for every recordable injury and illness. within 24 hours after the occurrence. or medical treatment beyond first aid. First Aid includes: • • • • • • • • • • Tetanus shots Band-aids or butterfly bandages Cleaning. If an injury or accident should ever occur. eye flushing and foreign body removal from eye with Qtips Finger guards Hot or cold packs Drinking fluids for heat stress An annual summary of recordable injuries and illnesses must be posted at a conspicuous location in the workplace and contain the following 19 . DOLE BUILDING. Dona. Etc. The office phone numbers are: Office: 052 4877014 The Safety Officer will in turn report it to the OSHS .
If no injury or illness occurred in the year.information: Calendar year. The OSHS logs should be evaluated by the employer to determine trends or patterns in injuries in order to appropriately address hazards and implement prevention strategies. 20 . certifying signature. establishment address. title. and date. company name-establishment name. zeroes must be entered on the total line.
maintain contact with employee and encourage return to work even if restrictions are imposed by the physician. insure that the absence is authorized by a physician and that you maintain contact with your employee while he/she remains off work. Contact Safety Coordinator. • Monitor status of employee(s) off work. Discuss incident. Safety Officer • Investigate the incident (injury)--gather facts. and that the employee follows the restrictions indicated by the physician. in safety and other employee meetings with the intent to prevent a recurrence. Review the release carefully and insure that you can accommodate the restrictions. where appropriate. If further medical treatment is required. Secure area. equipment and personnel from injury and further damage. 21 .ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION Supervisors/Foreman • • • • Provide first aid. Discuss incident with other supervisors/foremen and other management. • Complete an incident investigation report form (Included in Appendix C) and the necessary workers’ compensation paperwork within 24 hours whenever possible. • When injured worker(s) return to work they should not be allowed to return to work without “return to work” release forms from the physician. If the injury warrants time away from work. • • • • Insure that corrective action to prevent a recurrence is taken. take pictures and physical measurements of incident site and equipment involved. arrange to have an employer representative accompany the injured employee to the medical facility. call for emergency medical care if required. employee and witness statements.
All materials stored in tiers shall be stacked. Emergency numbers shall be posted and reviewed with employees Each worker in an excavation/trench shall be protected from cave-ins by an adequate protective system. All OSHS posters shall be posted. platforms. dangerous or hazardous to their health. interlocked. All injuries must be reported to your supervision/foreman. shall be maintained in a safe condition. or potential eye and face injury shall be protected by Personal Protection Equipment (PPE). blocked. 22 . All workers shall be trained on every potential hazard that they could be exposed to and how to protect themselves. Manufacturer’s specifications /limitations /instructions shall be followed. Standard guardrails for fall protection and ladders for safe access shall be used. Only qualified trained personnel are permitted to operate machinery or equipment. Particular attention should be given to new employees and to employees moving to new jobs or doing non-routine tasks. so far as practicable. • All scaffolding shall be erected in accordance with the construction safety standard (OSHS). • • • • • • • • • • • • • All hand and power tools and similar equipment. whether furnished by the employer or the employee. the floor of every workroom shall be maintained. drainage shall be maintained and false floors. • All places of employment shall be kept clean. The employer shall insure that electrical equipment is free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to workers. No worker is required to work under conditions which are unsanitary. in a dry condition. racked. falling or collapse. Workers working in areas where there is a possible danger of head injury. standing water shall be removed.SAFETY RULES AND PROCEDURES • No worker is expected to undertake a job until that person has received adequate training. or otherwise secured to prevent sliding. mats or other dry standing places or appropriate waterproof footgear shall be provided. excessive noise exposure. Where wet processes are used.
adjacent to a highway in normal use. • A stairway or ladder shall be provided at all personnel points of access where there is a break in elevation of 19 inches or more. • No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer determines. splinters.• To facilitate cleaning. • • • All floor openings. every floor. 23 . based on information received from a person who is qualified in structural design. open sided floor and wall openings shall be guarded by a standard railings and toe boards or cover. and passageway shall be kept free from protruding nails. loose boards. and no ramp. to identify the location of the equipment. or personnel hoist is provided. All equipment left unattended at night. or adjacent to construction areas where work is in progress. shall have appropriate lights or reflectors. that the structure or portion of the structure is capable of supporting the loads. working place. sloped embankment. and holes and openings. runway. The employer shall comply with the manufacturer's specifications and limitations applicable to the operation of any and all cranes and derricks. or barricades equipped with appropriate lights or reflectors.
Further Information: Contact the Safety Coordinator or further 3. otherwise evacuate the building. The plan will be reviewed with each employee covered by the plan at the following times: 1. Fire: “Sunog. 4. Meet up at the foremen’s truck. Whenever the plan is changed. 2. The plan will be kept at the worksite and made available for employee review. through the closest practical exit. Initially when the plan is developed or upon initial assignment. ALARMS SYSTEMS/EVACUATION: The company shall establish the call: Fire. Critical plant operations: shut off the generator on your way out if possible. 2. Whenever the employee's responsibilities or designated actions under the plan change. a sufficient number of persons to assist in the safe and orderly emergency evacuation of employees will be designated and trained. information or explanation of duties under the plan. as the signal to immediately evacuate the building/facility for: fire and other emergencies. Accounting for Employees: Foreman/Supervisor is to account for all employees after emergency evacuation has been completed and assign duties as necessary. Fire.EMPLOYEE EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN: FIRE & OTHER EMERGENCIES Emergency escape procedures: Immediately leave the building 1. 24 . Sunog. Sunog” by any employee. 5. 3. Means of reporting fires and other emergencies: Report the location of the emergency and provide directions to the responders. TRAINING: Before implementing the emergency action plan.
APPENDIX A SAFETY MEETING MINUTES Dat e: Topics: Job Name: Action Items: Meeting Attended By: Print Name Signature 25 .
and I understand the requirements of the position. __________________ Worker (Print Name) Date: ________________ ____________________ Signature 26 . I understand that any violation of the above policies is reason for disciplinary action. suspension up to and including termination.APPENDIX B POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I have read and understand the attached company policies and procedures and agree to abide by them. I have also had the duties of the position which I have accepted explained to me.
Equipment.’s Office ٱHospitalization ٱScratch/Abrasion ٱInternal ٱAmputation ٱForeign Body Remarks: ٱBurn/Scald ٱChemical Reaction Name and Address of Treating Physician or Facility Injured Part of Body: DAMAGED PROPERTY Property. or Material Damaged Object or Substance Inflicting Damage: Describe Damage INCIDENT DESCRIPTION Describe what happened (attach photographs or diagrams if necessary) ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS (Check All that Apply) Unsafe Acts Improper work technique Safety rule violation Improper PPE or PPE not used Operating without authority Failure to warn or secure Operating at improper speeds By-passing safety devices Guards not used Improper loading or placement Improper lifting Servicing machinery in motion Horseplay Drug or alcohol use Unnecessary haste Unsafe act of others Other: Unsafe Conditions Poor work area design or layout Congested work area Hazardous substances Fire or explosion hazard Inadequate ventilation Improper material storage Improper tool or equipment Insufficient knowledge of job Slippery conditions Poor housekeeping Excessive noise Inadequate guarding of hazards Defective tools/equipment Insufficient lighting Inadequate fall protection Other: Management Deficiencies Lack of written procedures or policies Safety rules not enforced Hazards not identified PPE unavailable Insufficient worker training Insufficient supervisor training Improper maintenance Inadequate supervision Inadequate job planning Inadequate hiring practices Inadequate workplace inspection Inadequate equipment Unsafe design or construction Unrealistic scheduling Poor process design Other: 27 .APPENDIX C – ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION FORM INCIDENT INFORMATION Date of Accident Time Day of Week Shift Job Site INJURED PERSON Name: Address: Age: Phone: Job Title: Supervisor/Foreman Name: Length of Employment at Company: Length of Employment at Job: Employee Classification: ٱFull Time ٱPart Time ٱContract ٱTemporary Nature of Injury ٱBruising ٱDislocation ٱOther (specify) ٱStrain/Sprain ٱFracture ٱLaceration/Cut Treatment ٱFirst Aid ٱEmergency Room ٱDr.
Deadline By Whom Complete INVESTIGATION TEAM Signature Name Position 28 . explain the cause(s) of the incident in as much detail as possible. How bad could the accident have been? ٱVery Serious ٱSerious ٱMinor What is the chance of the accident happening again? ٱFrequent ٱOccasional ٱRare PREVENTIVE ACTIONS Describe actions that will be taken to prevent recurrence.INCIDENT ANALYSIS Using the root cause analysis list on the previous page.
Do not allow employees on site until declared safe by the response team. 29 . company policy is to LEAVE IT ALONE! Immediately evacuate the area. and contact the nearest hazardous material response team.EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES If any substance is found of unknown origin.
TABACO CITY Nature of Business: CONSTRUCTION Number of Persons Employed: 1 shift : 2 shift : 3 shift : Total: Policy and Male: 16 Male: __ Male: __ Male: 16 Program on Female: 2 Female: __ Female: __ Female: 2 Safety and Health: See attached Type: Position in the Company Project Chairman Safety and Heath A. RAÑOLA Manager/Owner/ Proprietor (Signature over Printed Name) 30 . B. RAÑOLA ROY LIM RAÑOLA DIONISIO BOSITO RIZA C. DOMETITA LEONARDA C. Prepared and Submitted by: MR.DOLE/BWC/OSHD/IP-5 Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY ORGANIZATION Date Filed: September 8. VICENTE Q.. SANTILLAN STREET. V File Number: ___________ Name of Establishment: KINGSON CONTRACTORS Address: SANTIAGO TRADING BLDG. CEMAÑA SITE SAFETY & HEALTH COMMITTEE Project Engineer Foreman /Supervisor First Aider Safety Officer/Secretary Secretary: C. Policy/Program (See separate sheets) Composition of Safety and Health Committee: Name Chairman: Members: VICENTE Q. 2009 Regional Labor Office No. Technical Information: The company is engaged in construction.
which means fewer disposal options. damaged or spoiled materials. which may be the same or similar product or a completely different type of product. Recycling: Introducing a material into some process for remanufacture into a new product. managing waste means minimizing the construction waste or demolition debris (C&D) that leaves the jobsite for landfill disposal. greenhouse gas generation. and environmental stressors associated with producing new materials instead of using existing materials. and cleaning up leaking or contaminated landfill sites drain public funds. C&D waste disposal triggers a sequence of adverse effects that are not always apparent to building professionals. closing. packaging materials. wasted materials and embodied energy. Capping. greater hauling distances.Procedures / System of Disposing Waste Arising from Construction Introduction: Responsibly managing waste on a construction jobsite is a vital component of sustainable building. Description: A. Definitions Construction Waste: Waste materials generated by construction activities. In this context. C&D materials). The number of C&D landfills is declining. such as scrap. and increased fuel consumption and vehicle emissions. and aids that are not included in the finished project. Disposal (or Landfilling. 31 . Demolition Debris: Waste resulting from removing a building from the site by wrecking. temporary and expendable construction materials. and monitoring landfills. or Landfill Disposal): Depositing materials in a solid waste disposal facility licensed for the subject materials (in this case. Land Clearing Debris: Vegetative waste materials removed from a site. and waste generated by the workforce. These include the loss of useful property.
These materials include: • • • • • • • Landscape and land clearing debris (green wood materials) Asphalt pavement Gravel and aggregate products Concrete Masonry scrap and rubble (brick. sheet goods. millwork. scrap. in an economical and safe fashion. Reuse: The subsequent use of a material. or component upon salvage.Salvage: Recovery of components. or mixed together during demolition. that location having been established for the purpose of recycling. Source Separation (or Segregation): Keeping materials separated by type from the time they become scrap or waste until the time they are salvaged or recycled. products. Diverting 90% of construction jobsite waste and over 80% of demolition debris from landfill disposal is not uncommon. C&D Waste Materials The vast majority of construction waste and demolition debris materials can be reused on site. pallets) 32 . Deconstruction: The systematic disassembly of a building. Commingled: Materials of varied types deposited into the same receptacle or pile. generally in the reverse order of construction. concrete masonry. B. Off-Site Separation: Sorting and separating commingled waste at a location other than the construction jobsite. stone) Metals (ferrous and nonferrous) Clean wood (dimensional lumber. or recycled. for the purposes of preserving materials for their reuse. salvaged for reuse on-site or elsewhere. or materials for the purpose of reusing them for the same or similar purposes as their original use. product.
2. the Contractor. Each of the principal project participants—the Owner. Initially.• • • • • • • • • • • • • Plastics (films. Facility Design The Contractor is responsible for the means. and Subcontractors—will engage in waste management to some degree throughout the project. PVC products. techniques. Waste Management Planning Waste management should be an integral part of a project's development. and procedures of construction. containers. and is not addressed in this context. sequences. methods. or diversion. Best Management Practices How waste management. depends on specific project requirements and conditions. the Owner and their A/E must establish waste reduction goals and define what levels of diversion are achievable and reasonable under the project's conditions. Several issues contribute to an overall waste diversion strategy. their Architectural and Engineering (A/E) services (or Construction Management consultant). C. polyethylene products) Asphalt / bituminous roofing Insulation materials Glass (un-tempered) Door and window assemblies Carpet and carpet pad Fibrous acoustic materials Ceiling tiles Plumbing fixtures and equipment Mechanical equipment Lighting fixtures and electrical components Cardboard packing and packaging Others Note that disposal of hazardous materials is governed by the prevailing regulations at the project's location. 1. and to what extent. which include waste disposal 33 . is accomplished.
1. construction aids. 6. • Describe the waste reduction goals and rely on the Contractor's own initiative to achieve them. Construction Contract Requirements The Owner must determine how their waste management requirements will be represented in the contract documents and incorporated into the project. which require containers and create residue and packaging waste. avoid materials which are sensitive to damage. adhesives inhibit salvage and recycling at the end of the component's or building's life. Where possible. and waste. Observe standard material and product dimensions. the A/E's design team can contribute to waste reduction in several ways. 4. reduce requirements and for the applied associated finishes. 1. select construction systems that do not require temporary support. packaging. 2. This may be effective if the Owner and Contractor share a good working relationship.methods. environmental exposure. Where possible. Furthermore. Perform multiple functions with one material rather than requiring multiple materials to perform one function. Several provisions are relevant to the project's overall waste reduction performance. contamination. and encouraging the Contractor is sufficient for them to "do the right thing. Be efficient in area and volume. scrap. However. Where possible. If less material is required by the design. 3. Observe Value Engineering principals. shoring. coatings. 5. Select materials with integral finishes. or other materials that will be disposed of as debris during the project. select materials that do not rely on adhesives. Where possible. which creates scrap. 3. These include: 1. laminates. Design to optimize systems' and components' use. Avoid extraneous materials that do not contribute to function. Locate features "on module" to the extent possible to reduce cutting and special fitting. adhesives. which increase the potential for jobsite waste. or spoilage on-site. less waste is generated at the jobsite. There are essentially three ways to represent waste reduction requirements in the contract documents." 34 .
8. Description of the means of collection and transportation of the recycled and salvaged materials. Waste characterization. Recycling facilities to be used. 4. Name of landfill and the estimated costs. This may be implemented as an award-type incentive based on the diversion rate. Description of the means by which any materials to be recycled or salvaged will be protected from contamination. 7. such as "divert from landfill disposal a minimum of 75% of the non-hazardous construction waste generated at the jobsite. 9. Estimated percentage of waste diverted by this Plan. Actions that will be taken to reduce solid waste generation. The Waste Management Plan. estimated material types and quantities. Description of the specific approaches to be used in recycling/reuse. 10. or by including Options in the Bid Schedule for each of several ranges of diversion rates. assuming no salvage or recycling. the Plan includes the following: 2. 11. Identification of local and regional reuse programs. Typically. • Require the Contractor to document their actual waste diversion performance throughout the project. 12. 13. 5. 3. should also include progress reporting procedures to 35 . This is commonly incorporated into the Demolition specification as a numerical criterion. therefore.• Specify definitive minimum waste and debris diversion criteria. Require the Contractor to submit a C&D Waste Management Plan." • Develop incentives to reward the Contractor. Identification of materials that cannot be recycled or reused. List of specific waste materials to be salvaged and recycled. Name of individual(s) responsible for waste prevention and management. 6. Description of the regular meetings to address waste management.
or otherwise subject to spoilage. the Contractor can direct their subcontractors and suppliers to reduce extraneous packing and packing. 3 For materials that are heated. exposed to environmental conditions. others similar). The following general practices are common: 1. • Vest title to debris and waste materials to the Contractor. revenues from salvaged and recycled materials. mixed. • Give away non-returnable containers. Contact local and community organizations (schools. youth groups. buckets.record actual diversion and cost corresponding to each diversion and cost estimate. • As the accepted Plan is a part of the contract document. While protecting new materials is necessary. limit preparation of these materials to quantities which can be installed within their expiration 36 . avoid disposing of useable materials simply because there is not enough in one container to finish a job. • Purchase materials in bulk where possible. community service groups. and cost avoidance by using materials taken from the jobsite back into the project. and allow the Contractor to accrue the economic benefits. Direct subcontractors and trades to collect and keep scrap at cutting and fabricating locations. 4. 2 Use scrap in lieu of cutting full new materials. Avoid individual packaging for volume purchases. Collect paints and liquids from almost-empty containers. Jobsite Waste Reduction There are a variety of ways a Contractor can divert construction waste or demolition debris at the jobsite. • • Use returnable containers and packing materials Reuse non-returnable containers on the jobsite to the maximum extent possible. it should be incorporated into the Contractor's Quality Control and Owner's Quality Assurance processes. Up to 10-12% of a project's construction waste stream can be cardboard alone. Develop one-hundred-and-oneuses for plastic barrels. and tubs. Some public Owners go so far as to specify that progress payments will not be approved until updated actual diversion performance reports are submitted. These include cost avoidance through reduced debris tipping expenses.
This method typically achieves a very high diversion rate. efficient 37 . deposit it in the appropriate receptacles. with or disassemble them into their constituent materials for recycling. The Contractor may contract with individual recycling firms who deal in specific materials. As trades enter and leave the jobsite. Ensure volatile materials. Alternatively. then conveyed along a pick line for sorting and recycling. Recycling commingled debris and waste off-site requires virtually no adjustment in practice on the Contractor's part. cold. or a lower hauling rate (if the recycler hauls). The Contractor may contract with a C&D recycling firm who accepts commingled debris. or moisture are protected from spoilage and are not wasted. The key to effective jobsite segregation is to place receptacles in the path of least resistance to the workforce. and materials that degrade when exposed to heat. and hauls all materials as a one-stop service.times. 7. Working in smaller batches will reduce the necessity to throw out expired or spoiled materials. the Contractor can contract with a waste hauler who provides receptacles for recyclable materials and debris. training the workforce to observe segregation practices. and policing the jobsite to prevent contamination. and some agencies do not allow incineration to be counted as diversion. subcontractors and tradespersons to segregate waste. This requires the Contractor. in addition to a general waste hauler. and guard against contamination by other materials. arrangement suppliers. 4 5 Recycle Establish damaged a return components. or used but serviceable materials and products can be sold to architectural salvage or used materials retail outlets. C&D waste recyclers generally describe their fees as "competitive" with landfill disposal. or buy-back products. concrete and masonry rubble are separated out of the debris for crushing into aggregate products. and materials. The remaining debris is typically crushed or shredded. which means a modest savings over prevailing landfill tipping fees. the recycling firms generally offer a higher price for the material (if the contractor hauls). each generates a relatively homogeneous waste stream. given the specific tasks and the materials with which they work. As the recyclable materials are segregated. Alternatively. The construction process lends itself to on-site segregation. However. At the recycling site. clean wood is frequently sold for boiler fuel. While some contend site separation increases the cost of construction. unused. 6.
salvage as much useable material and components as the schedule will allow. or recycling. plumbing fixtures. thereby optimizing the application of resources to this task. Windows and doors. and how the rubble should be processed to produce these products. identify the most accessible and valuable materials. and/or recycling can be accomplished. When developing the C&D Waste Management Plan. or demolished intact. The waste diversion potential in a demolition scenario is considerable. The quality and quantity of materials salvaged is a direct function to the time available for salvage. • Concrete and masonry materials can be recycled to produce aggregate. 8. Consider the following: • Develop the project schedule to accommodate salvage. reuse. leaving only concrete and reinforcing to be crushed. reuse. or rubble can be hauled to a permanent recycling facility. composted. and the debris sorted as part of the concrete crushing process. If mulch or 38 . Preferences vary among demolition contractors and recyclers about whether the building should be gutted prior to demolition. mechanical equipment … anything that can be detached and removed … can be usually be salvaged and reused. wood flooring. on-site recycling can provide these materials at a reduced net cost. The building's construction type and project schedule are the two primary factors in determining what and how salvage. This can be accomplished on-site or off-site.materials movement and site layout should minimize any increased effort. • Prior to demolition. treated with an arsenic-based preservative. architectural millwork. cabinetry. If aggregate materials are required for the project. electrical fixtures. or chipped for boiler fuel. what RCA products are most useable. or otherwise contaminated with a hazardous or toxic material can be shredded into mulch. This may be accomplished on-site with mobile equipment. Consider how the recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) will be used. • Landscape materials and wood that is not painted with leadbased paint.
If none of the alternative salvage. Wood framed buildings can be partially or totally deconstructed. • Structural steel and metals are almost universally recycled. 39 . While this is often a more labor intensive approach. cost avoidance and the value of the materials can offset initial cost. mixed demolition debris can be hauled to a C&D debris recycling facility. This should be standard practice with any demolition contractor. • Some species of dimensional lumber can also be quite valuable. as described above. Timbers are generally sold through timber brokers to be cleaned and resold for timber framing. • Old growth timber is a valuable material and will usually justify the time required for a more delicate removal process. Application Waste reduction practices are applicable to virtually any construction and demolition project scenario. or as feedstock for high quality architectural millwork. The goal is to divert materials from landfill disposal to the greatest extent practical under the circumstances.compost is required for the project. shredding on-site can provide these materials at a reduced net cost. reuse. or recycling options are possible.
and quality parameters. planning and project management will ultimately dictate whether waste reduction is accomplished within the established cost. Resources are available to help Owners. and recycling industries and infrastructure. As with any construction project. A/E and CM professionals. and Contractors familiarize themselves with the salvage. The greatest uncertainty is usually the availability of salvage and recycling services and outlets.There are two opinions about whether this is a realistic expectation under real world project conditions. and the other is that waste reduction saves money. and any costs associated with handling these materials. SCAFFOLDING SAFETY ERECTION OF SCAFFOLDING Prior to Erection-All Scaffold Assemblies 40 . reuse. One is that waste reduction costs money. schedule.
1. All equipment must be inspected to see that it is in good condition and is serviceable. Mud sills must be adequate size to distribute the loads on the scaffolding to the soil or supporting structure. Ties. the need for overhead protection or weather protection coverings. Frame spacing and mud sill size can only be determined after the total loads to be imposed on the scaffold and the strength of the supporting soil or structure are calculated and considered. etc. 5. Damaged or deteriorated equipment should not be used. Scaffold must be erected. These conditions must be evaluated and adequately provided for. Do not force members to fit. This analysis must be done by a qualified person. 4. 2. Hard hats must be worn by all persons erecting. overhead obstructions. 6. Load carrying information on components are available from the manufacturer. 3. DO NOT USE unstable objects such as blocks. moved. Erection of Fixed Scaffold 1. Plumb and level scaffold until connections can be made with ease. 2. and for proximity of electric power lines. Special care is needed when scaffolding is to be erected on fill or other soft ground. Wood plank should be inspected to see that it is graded for scaffold use. straight grained. 5. Sills should be level and in full contact with the supporting surface. is sound and in good condition. Be sure scaffold stays level and plumb as erection progresses. The scaffold assembly must be designed to comply with OSHS safety requirements. Jobsite should be inspected to determine ground conditions or strength of supporting structure. bracing and/or outriggers may be needed to assure a safe stable scaffold assembly. free from saw cuts. moving. Base plates or screwjacks with base plates must be in firm contact with both the sills and the legs of the scaffolding. splits and holes. guys. dismantling or using scaffolding. 4. wind conditions. Stationary scaffolds over 125 feet in height and rolling scaffolds over 60 feet in height must be designed by a professional engineer. The height of the scaffold in relation to the 41 . loose bricks. 3. Wood planks used for scaffolding must be specifically graded for scaffold use by an approved grading agency). or disassembled only under the supervision of qualified persons. (Not all species and grades of lumber can be used as scaffold plank. Compensate for uneven ground with screwjacks with base plates.
Ties should be installed as the erection progresses and not removed until the scaffold is dismantled to that height. i. Side brackets. Vertical ties should be placed at the ends of scaffold runs and at no more than 30 feet horizontal intervals in between. Each plank must overlap the support by a minimum of 6 inches or be cleated. 18. 12. 7. 17. These assemblies may require additional bracing. pulleys or hoist arms and wind conditions introduce overturning and uplift forces that must be considered and compensated for. OSHS requires that scaffolding must always be secure when the height of the scaffold exceeds for (4) times the minimum base width. 9.minimum base width. 2 inch by 10 inch scaffold grade planks. 8. the use of brackets or cantilevered platforms and imposed scaffold loads determines the need for stability bracing. Ties should be placed as close to the top of the scaffold as possible and. 6. Planks and/or platforms should be secured to scaffolding when necessary to prevent uplift of displacement because of high winds or other job conditions. or with fabricated platforms in good condition. Work platforms must be fully planked either with scaffold graded solid sawn or laminated plank. No more than one person should stand on an individual plank at one time. 8 foot planks on 7 foot spans must be cleated. 10. 11. Loads on plank should be evenly distributed and not exceed the allowable loads for the type of plank being used. Such overhangs should be separated from the work platform by guardrailing so that they cannot be walked on. Plank on continuous runs must extend over the supports and overlap each other by at least 12 inches. should never exceed 10 feet. tieing or guying. Each leg of a free standing tower must be guyed at the intervals outlined above or otherwise restrained to prevent tipping or overturning. cantilevered platforms. Circular scaffolds erected completely around or within a structure may be restrained from tipping by the use of "stand off" bracing members. Spans of full thickness. 14. 15. in no case. wind loads. Plank should not extend beyond the support by more than 18 inches. The following general guides are minimum requirements. in good sound condition. The bottom tie must be placed no higher than four (4) times the minimum base width and every 26 feet vertically thereafter. less than four (4) times the minimum base width of the scaffold from the top. 42 .e. 16. 13.
28. however. Putlogs should overhang the support points by at least 6 inches. access ladders. 26. Access must be provided to all work platforms. Side and end brackets are designed to support people only. that nuts and bolts are tightened. A qualified person should thoroughly inspect the completed assembly to see that is complies with all safety codes. 21. Scaffold should not be used as material hoist towers or for mounting derricks unless the assembly is designed by a qualified person. 29. 22. 23. Putlog spans of greater than 12 feet require kneebracing and lateral support. 24. Guardrails must be used on all open sides and ends of scaffold platforms. or stairways must be provided. Putlogs used as side or end brackets need special bracing. Check the erected assembly before use. Use putlogs hangers with bolts fastened to support putlogs on frames. that it is level and plumb. 25. that guardrails are in place and safe access is provided. cleated plank or fabricated plank must be used at platform levels to minimize or eliminate platform overhang. Both top and midrails are required. 20. 27. Toeboards are required whenever people are required to work or pass under or around the scaffold platform. that work platforms are fully planked. Local codes specify the minimum heights where guardrails are required. They are designed for personnel use only. use at lower heights if falls can cause injury. Erection of Rolling Scaffolds 43 . (These types of platforms cause overturning and uplift forces which must be compensated for. Putlogs must never be used for the storage of materials. Special care should be taken when putlogs are used. If it is not available from the structure. Access ladders must extend at least three (3) feet above platforms. Bridging between towers should not be done with plank or stages unless the assembly is designed by a qualified person and overturning moments have been compensated for.19. frames with built-in ladders. When frames with built-in ladders are used. Materials should never be placed on cantilevered platforms unless the assembly has been designed to support material loads by a qualified person. All frames should be fastened together to prevent uplift an overturning moment compensated for with counterweights or adequate ties).
Tower must be kept level and plumb at all times. that it is properly tied and/or guyed and that there are no overhead obstructions or electric lines within 12 feet of the scaffold assembly. Be sure of your footing and balance before you let go with your hands. 3. that it is level and plumb. Total weight of tower should not exceed the capacity of the casters. base plates are in firm contact with sills. 2. Horizontal/diagonal bracing must be used at the bottom and top of tower and at intermediate levels of 20 feet. If such access is not provided. All casters must be secured to frame legs or screwjacks with a nut and bolt or other secure means. Any component that has been removed should be immediately replaced. insist that it be provided. 2. 3. platforms are fully planked. Do not climb bracing or frames not specifically designed for climbing. USE OF SCAFFOLDS All Scaffolds 1. Do not overload platforms with materials. Working heights should not be extended by planking guardrails or by use of boxes or ladders on scaffold platforms. 6. bracing is in place and connected. 6. 10. Keep one hand firmly on frame or ladder at all times. Only prefabricated plank or cleated plank should be used. 9. Fabricated planks with hooks may replace the top diagonal brace. Do not remove any component of a completed scaffold assembly except under the supervision of a qualified person. guardrails in place. 4. Use only the safe means of access that is provided. safe access is provided. 8. 7. Inspect the scaffold assembly before each use to see that it is assembled correctly.1. Height of the tower must not exceed four (4) times the minimum base dimension. 5. Do not work on slippery rungs to avoid slipping. Use both hands. Outrigger frames or outrigger units on both sides of the tower may be used to increase base width dimension when necessary. Do not try to carry materials while you climb. Casters must be locked at all times the scaffold is not being moved. 5. 44 . Screwjacks must not be extended more than 12 inches above caster base. 11. Face the rungs as you climb up or down. All frames must be fully cross-braced. 7. Climb Safely 4.
Do not ride manually propelled rolling scaffold. No personnel should be on the tower while it is being moved. 9. 6. 8. Work only within the platform area: do not try to extend overhead work area by reaching out over guardrailing. Secure all materials before moving scaffolds. 2. 7. 4.Rolling Towers All of the above precautions plus: 1. Rolling towers must only be used on level surfaces. LIST OF WORKERS 45 . Lock all casters before getting on the tower. Do not pull from the top. Move rolling towers by pushing at the base level only. Do not bridge between two rolling towers with plank or stages. Be sure floor surface is clear of obstructions or holes before moving scaffold. 5. 3. Be sure there are no overhead obstructions or electric power lines in the path of rolling scaffold.