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C3

RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS
Simplify a
3x 1 18 x 6
a2 a 6 a 2 + 3a 18

Worksheet A

6 x + 15 8 x + 20
x 2 + 3x 2x 2 + 5x 3

3y + 3 y2 + 7y + 6
3t 2 11t 4 t 2 16

x 2 25 x 2 7 x + 10
6 x 2 13 x + 6 12 x 2 + x 6

e 2

Express as simply as possible a c e


3x 2 4x 4 9x 9 2x n 2 + 2n n 2 + 6n + 8

b d f

x 2 36 x + 7 x + 10 4 x 12 x2 4
2

x6 x+2

n+4 n2

x 2 + 2x x 2 2x 3

4y 2 2y2 + y

y 2 + 2 y 15 2 y 2 + 11 y + 5

x 2 1 2x 2 + 7 x 4 a 3 3a 2 8a 2 4 a

6 x 2 5x + 1 3x 2 4 x + 1 a2 9

g 3

4 3x x 2 10 x 10 2 5 x + 15 x + 7 x + 12

2 a 2 + 5a 3

Express as a single fraction in its simplest form a d


2 7 + y y+4 x 5 + ( x 3)( x 1) 2( x 1) 4 x + 2 x+5 x + 8 x + 15

b e

2x 1 x5 x+3 2 q + 3q 6x x 4
2 2

c f

7 3x x( x + 2) x+2 4 x+2 + 2 3x 3 x x 5t + 12 2t + 7t + 3
2

5q 4q + 12

g 4

3 x+2

4 2t + 1

Simplify a e
x 2 5x 6 x 30 3x x 2 2 x 2 18

b f

16 x 2 x 2 + 2x 8 x 3 + x 2 2x 3x 2 + 4 x 4

c g

2x 2 4x 6 3 x 2 12 x + 9 2 + 5 x 3x 2 2 x 2 + x 10

d h

x3 x 2x 2 x 1 x 4 5x 2 + 4 x2 x 2

Express as simply as possible a


10 x 2 10 x 2 + 6x + 8 2 5 x + 10 x + 5x + 4 2 x 2 + 12 x + 10 4x 2 7x + 3 x 4 + 6x 2 + 5 x2 9

t 2 2t 2t 2 t 6

9t 2 4 6t 2 + 13t + 6 2 x 2 + 3x 6 8x y2 + 4 25 y 2 10 y + 1

4 x 2 + 20 x 4 x 2 3x 4x 2 + 4

8x 2 + 6x 9 4 x 2 + 12 x + 9 y 4 16 5y 2 + 9y 2

2x 2 6x

Solomon Press

C3 6

RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS Express as a single fraction in its simplest form a c e g


5 x 1 4 x + 2x 3
2 2 2

Worksheet A continued

1 2x + 2

b
1

3x x 4 x +1
2 2

4 2 x + 3x 2
2

x 3x + 2

d f h

x 25

2 x + 5x
2

2x 1 x + 3x + 6 x + 4x + 4 x x x6
2

3 x 1 + 2 + 2 x 6x + 9 x3 x 3x 1 x
2

2 2 x + 3x 2
2

1 3x 2 x
2

3 6x 4

Solve a 1 c
3 2 = x 2x 5 20 2x + 5x + 2 1 x + 5x + 6
2 2

b
10 2x + 1 11 x+3 7 x 15 x 5x
2

2 x 1
2

3 =1 x +1

+1= =

d f
4 , x5

y +3 1 2 y 1 = y+5 2 y 3 1 4x + 4x
2

e 5+

10 1 4x
2

5 1 + 2x

f(x) Show that f(x) =

0 < x < 5.

k , where k is an integer to be found. x x5 3x + 5 x 2


2

f(x) Show that f(x) =

2 , 3x 1

x > 1.

1 . x+2 8x x+2 1 = 2 , x 2, show that f(x) . x2 f ( x) x 4

10

Given that f(x)

11

a Express

2 3 + as a single fraction in its simplest form. x+5 ( x + 2)( x + 5)

b Hence solve the equation


2 3 1 = , + x+5 ( x + 2)( x + 5) 3

giving your answers to 2 decimal places. 12 Show that the equation


5 3 = 2 has no real roots. 2 4x + 2 4x + 4x + 1

13

1 x 1 6 2 as a single fraction in its simplest form. Express x 25 x+5 x

Solomon Press

C3
1

RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS
Find the quotient and remainder obtained in dividing a (3x3 10x2 9x + 15) by (x 4) c (4x3 + 8x2 + 7x + 32) by (2x + 5)

Worksheet B

b (2x3 11x2 x + 3) by (2x 1) d (1 22x2 6x3) by (3x + 2)

a Show that (x + 2) is a factor of (x3 + 4x2 + x 6). b Fully factorise x3 + 4x2 + x 6. c Simplify
x3 + 4 x 2 + x 6 . x2 9

a Show that (2x 3) is a factor of (2x3 5x2 + 13x 15). b Simplify


2 x3 5 x 2 + 13 x 15 . 2 x2 7 x + 6

a State a linear factor of x3 1. b Simplify


x3 1 . x2 + x 2

Find the integers A and B such that


2x + 5 x+3

Express each of the following in the form A + a


x+2 x +1

A+ c

B . x+3
B f ( x)

, where f(x) is linear.


2x + 1 x+2

x+3 x2

x 1 x

x 1 2x 1

1 4x 3 + 2x

Find the quotient and remainder obtained in dividing a (x2 + 3x + 5) by (x2 + x + 2) c (x2 + 7) by (x2 + 3x 1) e (x3 2x2 5x + 8) by (x2 + x 2) g (3x3 + 6x2 2x + 5) by (3x2 + 4) b (2x2 + 3x 8) by (x2 x 4) d (3x2 x 4) by (x2 + 2) f (2x3 7x2 + 1) by (x2 5x + 1) h (6x3 x2 44x 6) by (2x2 5x 2)

a Divide (x3 + 5x2 + 7x 13) by (x2 + 3x 4). b Hence show that


x3 + 5 x 2 + 7 x 13 x 2 + 3x 4

f(x) =

x3 2 x 2 21x + 70 , x x 2 + 2 x 15
C g( x)

a Express f(x) in the form Ax + B +

x+2+
5 . x+4

3.

, where g(x) is linear.


3x 7 . x3

b Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation f(x) =

Solomon Press