We help achieve your dream . What Determines Cost 8. Timber & SIP’s Part IV: Greenwood & Riverbend Difference 14. Wood Choices 4. WA 98052 (425) 881-3331 info@greenwoodtf.com Index Part I: Stages of Design 1. Stages of Design 2.greenwoodtf. Crafting 12. Equipment 13. Timber frame: Components/terms/definitions Part II: What Determines Cost 7. The Greenwood difference 15.Greenwood Timber Framing 7353 148th Ave NE Redmond. What sets us apart 16. Timber Style 9. Design Paths 3. About Trusses 5 & 6. Hybrids 11. Timber & SIP’s Part III: About Hybrids 10.com On the Web at www.

It also generates an Energy Model that calculates the annual energy demands and predicts costs of various fuel sources. oil. Structural. We know how to build your dream home! . a brief definition of them. Plumbing) Owner Approvals/Sign-Offs The HCM.. including electricity. giving our design department the guidelines they need to move forward. natural gas. offers the ability to budget your house at the conceptual design stage. Home Cost Model HCM Owner P Schematics P Design Development P * DD’s P Bids Construction CD’s (blueprints) Sketch . and propane.Stages of design The design steps with checks to confirm budgets along the way. Electrical. Architectural. and an estimated cost to install..up HCM Updated 26 weeks from design to delivery 16 weeks from production agreement to delivery 40 weeks to complete on site construction HCM is the Home Cost Model *Guide Spec for Architectural and Engineering Criteria (Site. which Greenwood utilizes. Mechanical. The HCM is a line by line identification of the building sub systems. or Home-Cost Model. It also helps us to manage the design.

Greenwood can help you with both the questions and the answers. As you can see here. as you’re thinking about how you want to live in those spaces. there are a number of options that you have. Use an existing design Custom design Starts from your input Greenwood TF assists you with developing your dream home design.. At the beginning. As you begin to go down the home planning path. sketching up an idea is a place to start. Functional space includes the rooms we live in. Where do you start? Do you have a site? Do you need to have a designer or an architect? There are a number of questions you have to answer as you begin to plan your home. We know how to build your dream home! . You can start from scratch. Custom design 2. Design Paths 1. You may find that modifying an existing Riverbend design is the best choice. Modify an existing design 3. the plan on the right was adjusted from the plan on the left to create what these homeowners wanted.Design paths Designing your home.. you can modify an existing Riverbend design. or you can choose a Riverbend design as it is with no changes. with less effort than starting from scratch.

appearance. Previously used timbers are often referred to as salvaged. and flexible. stronger than steel and with care will outlast most materials. and personal preference. It is easily worked. reclaimed or recycled and there is a growing industry that specializes in salvaging timbers from defunct industrial buildings or fallen logs in the forest. easily finished. The most common species are listed here. relative shrinkage. cost. There are hundreds of timber species. It’s a readily available. decay resistance. availability. or pine. We think of it as strong and warm. Timber frames are most frequently constructed from red and white oak. it’s used in everything from furniture to timber frames. Timber species for frames are selected based on a number of factors. We know how to build your dream home! . the relative weight. and the practical maximum length. It is naturally resistant to most chemicals. Timbers have been known to perform well in earthquakes and fires. It is familiar to us. Many have been used and are now recycled. including FSIF Southern Yellow Pine Red and White Oak Eastern White Pine Recycled Fir & Yellow Pine Cypress Western Red Cedar Port Orford Cedar Sitka Spruce White Spruce Teak Hemlock Hickory Wood is the prince of building materials. Douglas fir. easy to care for. many are much more practical than others. renewable resource.Timber Timber species to choose from: Douglas Fir. No other single material can do so many things and be acceptable to almost all conditions all the time. including color. strength. Other considerations would be the ease of working with. It is undeniably beautiful.

these parts are called a profile bent. Standard king or web truss Queen post truss Hammer beam truss Scissor truss Modified king truss Standard collar tie truss Hammer beam eye brow truss King post scissor truss Arched web truss Attic truss Arched hammer beam truss Decorative scissor These are examples of common timber trusses. The position of these secondary members is determined by the next layer of materials which are the panels. Trusses define the shape of the roof and vaulted ceiling. wind.About Trusses A variety of different truss. The spacing between the profile bents is called a “bay”. Most houses have 3 to 4 profile bents. and beam structures to choose from. roofing materials along with other factors. The panel thickness is governed by the snow loads. which defines the interior space and the shape of the house. We know how to build your dream home! . When a truss is combined with the post and beams which support it. which are joined together by wood members such as the top plate (beam located at the top of posts) and mid girt (beams located mid way up the posts). post. The secondary rafters or purlins which support the roof between the trusses affect the design of the timber frame.

a bay can usually get longer as long as it also gets narrower. The size of a bay is limited by the floor or roof load that a frame must bear. bay sizes must go down or timber sizes must go up. they are usually smaller. bays are typically a maximum of 16 feet by 16 feet.also called girts .are framing members that run horizontally. if they connect two different bents. or mountaintop houses with large snow loads.Girt: Beams . If they are part of a bent. and by the size and strength of the timbers in the frame.Timber Framing Definitions RIDGE PURLIN RIDGE PLATE RIDGE PURLIN R TE AF LR PA CI IN PR ER FT RA ON MM CO TE AF LR IPA I NC PR TIE TIE TIE TIE CONNECTING PLATE R PLATE CONNECTING PLATE BRACE BE NT JOIST GIR GIRT GIR T T GI SECOND FLOOR RT RT CONNECTING GI SUMMER BEAM P O S T P O S T KNEE BRACE P O S T P O S T P O S T KNEE BRACE P O S T P O S T FIRST FLOOR Bay: Bays are the areas between bents. In pine frames. A four-bent frame has three bays. Beam . It is a function of area. We know how to build your dream home! N BE T BAY BAY BAY . In commercial buildings with large floor loads. a threebent frame has two bays. In frames of oak or Douglas fir. they are called connecting girts. they are called bent girts.

they might span from a wall plate to a plate midway up the roof. King posts and queen posts are vertical members that are part of a truss. A profile bent forms a cross-sectional plane of the structure. as a stud or column and a joist or rafter. Girt: A timber or plate connecting the corner posts of an exterior wooden frame. but it is usually more efficient and cost effective to do so. talk. to the ridge beam at the peak. In a long roof plane. being joined to each partway along its length. Common Rafter: A rafter having no function other than to bear roofing. beams and braces that are within the same plane in a frame. they are perpendicular to profile bents. as beams or rods. as rafters or the haunches of an arch. Rafter: Rafters support the roof. Post: Posts are the vertical member. Timber frames do not have to be designed or built as a series of bents. Purlin: A longitudinal member in a roof frame. Summer beam: One of the major horizontal timbers that connect the vertical posts. usually forming part of a truss and supporting the purlins on which the common rafters rest. Wall bents. Tie: Any of various structural members. design and build in bents. They run perpendicular to the roof’s ridge. or from the top of one post to the top of an adjacent higher post. . Knee Brace: A diagonal member for bracing the angle between two joined members. at a floor above the ground floor. A bent consists of the posts. as a braced frame. run longitudinally. for keeping two objects. Principal rafter: A diagonal member of a roof principal. and typically span from a plate to a ridge beam.Timber Framing Definitions Bent: Timber framers often think. or ridge bents. and generally defines its shape. Most houses have three or four profile bents. usually for supporting common rafters or the like between the plate and the ridge. Plate: Plates are girts that connect the wall posts and support the lower end of rafters. from spreading or separating.

same roof. Likely not an inexpensive home to build. We know how to build your dream home! . the timber frame design. a ranch is inefficient. the panel area. A two story home is more efficient than a single story – you have the same foundation size.What determines cost? ! ! ! ! ! ! Shape of the design Exterior materials and construction Interior materials and millwork Timber count and complexity Panel area Building site What determines cost? There are many factors that will affect the cost of your home. the materials. At Greenwood we work with you from the start to determine what the costs for the entire project will be. Complexity costs. with multiple hips and valleys. We want it all to be successful. and your building site. a cape is efficient. The shape of the design. Simplicity saves. This is obviously a complex design: large. not just the timber frame and panel package. When comparing the amount of surface to living area.

rather than the straight forward beams. and therefore are priced differently. compared to the two designs below.000 square feet: 36 timbers And in this frame there are just a third of the number of timbers as in the previous frames.000 square feet: 150 timbers Out of these three examples. Also note the full length posts. will add to the cost. all these examples have a different number of timbers. Would the timber frame cost be the same? Style: traditional 1. It is still the same square footage. simple and true.000 square feet: 100 timbers The timber cost will be dependent upon the design and whether it is a full timber frame or a hybrid. The timbers are what define the space.Timber Style Style: artistic and complex 1. they do the work and carry the loads. Style: simple hybrid 1. curves or extra detailing. In this frame the valleys and jack rafters. We know how to build your dream home! . especially if the frame involves complex joinery. this design has one and a half times the timbers in the same square footage. however.

the wall height. The perfect match for beauty and integrity Have outstanding design flexibility Unparalleled in energy efficiency Offer exceptional strength. and amazing strength. The timbers and panels offer design flexibility. security. and roof pitch. overhangs and roof pitch We know how to build your dream home! . Together they form the ideal match for beauty and integrity. which includes dormers.Timber & SIP’s (Structural Insulating Panels) Timbers combined with SIPs. Floor plan complexity Wall height Wall openings Complexity of roof line including dormers. are the perfect complement to each other. the number and extent of the wall openings. and the complexity of the roof line. security and safety SIP Panel Cost As the design is being developed. how complex it is. unparalleled energy efficiency. The cost of the panels will be dependent upon the floor plan. and safety. one of the factors that will be determined is the timber and panel cost. overhangs.

and beauty of a timber frame. Greenwood offers hybrids because this innovative engineered system allows you to use fewer timbers. We know how to build your dream home! . promoting open spaces as well as the creation of other types of spaces. capitalize on the structural abilities of Insulspan SIPS. There could also be more design flexibility. character. enjoy increased design and finishing flexibility. Certain finish products such as tile. but there is still the aesthetic impact that timbers bring. With a hybrid. slate or stone can be used without having to cut around structural timbers. In this example you can see where the timbers are in proportion to the entire house. there are fewer timbers to assemble.Hybrids Many of the homes that Greenwood produces are hybrids. There could be more design and finishing opportunities. and still have the warmth. Hybrids are homes that have a reduced number of timbers and utilize structural insulating panels (or SIPS) in some areas of the home that might not be as practical for timbers.

The timber frames are cut in our shop.. saves you money. which. money. Timber pre-fitting at shop All the frames are pre-fit in our shop to assure accuracy on site.. or on the CNC timber cutting machine. This helps to reduce on site adjustments which decreases risk with every phase. The more complicated compound joinery is cut by hand and the more repetitive pieces are machine cut. The joinery is predetermined during design. by either one of our master craftsmen. CNC stands for Computer Numerical Control.Craftsmanship Old world technique & modern equipment Old World Craftsmanship. We know how to build your dream home! . The pre-fitting step can save countless hours on site in the raising process. A risk free project saves everyone time.. and emotions. once again..

State of the art equipment Modern day manufacturing technology Accuracy and precision with computer controlled equipment In addition to hand crafting detailed work. Computerized Numerical Control timber cutting machines (CNC) may be used for repetitive production and complex design. Old world craftsmanship and modern manufacturing .With Greenwood Timber Framing you get the best of both worlds! Riverbend plant with state-of-the-art equipment Our timber framing products are produced with the most advanced CNC timber cutting machines that provide the ultimate joinery fabrication. Modern CNC production offers technical precision as well as time and cost savings. We know how to build your dream home! .

rakes. the EPS foam is cut to exact thickness. door and window openings. again saving time and money on site. consistent and predictable panel every two minutes.Timber & SIP’s (Structural Insulating Panels) Insulspan manufactures the Structural Insulating Panels (SIPs) that form the enclosure system SIPS may be used in some areas of the home that might not be as practical for timbers. Lumber is pre-installed where possible and practical. Unique equipment cuts 8' x 24' panels to shape. thereby reducing the number of timbers. and Insulspan . We also supply the lumber for the corners. skylight openings. Insulspan has an in-line lamination system that creates a high quality. The CNC equipment cuts the 8’ x 24’ panels to shape. cuts openings for doors and windows with precision accuracy To produce the panels. single source supplier. and eaves.together create a unique. fashioning openings for the doors and windows as well as the building shape. ready for lamination to the OSB skins. Riverbend. We know how to build your dream home! . Greenwood Timber Framing.

The timber frame provides the natural beauty of the wood frame. strength. unrivaled strength. quality. Timber frame ! ! ! ! ! Natural beauty Traditional joinery Evident strength Dramatic spaces In-house design SIPs ! ! ! ! ! Energy efficiency Strength and rigidity Higher build quality Faster build time Superior performance We know how to build your dream home! We know how to build your dream home! . dramatic open spaces and with our design capability we can work with you starting at the beginning. speed and performance that Greenwood and Riverbend has come to be so well known for. traditional joinery. Insulspan SIPs offers the energy efficiency.The Greenwood TF and Riverbend difference Why Greenwood TF? What is the Greenwood TF and Riverbend difference? We are a single source supplier of the timber frame and the structural insulated panels (SIP).

We pride ourselves on that. c o n s i s t e n c y. It has been one of our more popular plans since it fits the needs and desires that many people want to have in their home. With our wealth of knowledge and experience. history. This is the finished house. So what sets Greenwood and Riverbend apart from the rest? It’s our product and the customer service we offer. It’s the “Pleasant Meadow” from the Riverbend Plan Book. It’s our longevity. We know how to build your dream home! . a n d knowledge .What Sets Greenwood TF and Riverbend Apart? How products and services are offered Production methods Enclosure system Wood species offered Size and capacity Frame styles and designs (if you are not building a custom design) A Greenwood TF Riverbend Hybrid Greenwood TF installing the timber frame This is an example of a Riverbend hybrid timber frame just following completion of the frame raising. we can help guide you through the process of turning your dreams into a home. e x p e r i e n c e .

Utility means usefulness and practicality. budgeting. budgeting and design .we start from one of the following: • Existing design from the outstanding selection in our Plan Book • Modified existing design • Custom design Greenwood Timber Framing 7353 148th Ave NE Redmond.How we help achieve your dream Greenwood can assist you with all the phases of planning. employs the elements of style. Therefore.greenwoodtf. and designing your home. Practicality includes budget. WA 98052 (425) 881-3331 info@greenwoodtf. scale. and pattern as well as utility. Greenwood TF will assist you with planning. If a building design is not useful or affordable. it fails. form. light.com On the Web at www. Architecture. the principles of design must be applied judiciously. with room for modification and compromise.com We know how to build your dream home! . the art and profession of designing and building.

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