This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
by Tina Blue September 26, 2003 What is a gerund, and how does it differ from a present participle?* The present participle is the ing form of a verb used as an adjective: running shoes; breaking story; losing game; reading assignment. A gerund is the ing form of a verb used as a noun. The gerund form of a verb looks exactly like the present participle, but they function differently in a sentence. The gerund will fill a noun slot (subject, direct object, object of preposition, etc.), but the participle will be either an adjective or part of a verb phrase: ~Running is good exercise. (gerund) ~Are those new running shoes? (participle) ~He is running his last race today. (participle) ~Don't even think about buying that dress! (gerund) ~This is the new buying guide for used cars. (participle) ~I won't be buying a new car until I can save up a decent down payment. (participle) Why is a gerund supposed to be preceded by a possessive? A noun or pronoun linked immediately with a gerund should be in the possessive case. Because a gerund acts as a noun, that means that if a noun or a pronoun precedes it, that noun or pronoun must be in the case that will allow it to modify another noun--i.e, the possessive case. For example, the noun "book" would not be preceded by the objective case of a pronoun or the plain form of a noun: ~This is me book. ~This is Jane book. ~This is him book. ~This is them book. You would use the possessive forms of the nouns and pronouns to modify the noun: ~This is my book.
("Swimming" is a participle describing Jim. ~This is their book. Since a gerund is a noun. ("Swimming" is a gerund. and a gerund. ~They objected to the youngest girl's being given the command position. with the possessives in their proper place before the gerunds: CORRECT: ~He resents your being more popular than he is.) ~I admired Jim's swimming.~This is Jane's book. . ~What do you think about him buying such an expensive car.) Here are some examples of gerunds that are wrongly preceded either by the objective case of a pronoun or by the plain form of a noun: INCORRECT: ~He resents you being more popular than he is. ~They objected to the youngest girl being given the command position. the same rule applies: Use the possessive form to modify the gerund. ~We were all grateful for Jane taking on the responsibility for the party. Here are the correct versions. ~This is his book. Here is a simple example to help you see the difference between a present participle. which needs the possessive form to modify it: ~I saw Jim swimming. ~Most of the members paid their dues without my asking them. acting as the direct object of the verb admired: What did I admire? I admired his swimming. ~What do you think about his buying such an expensive car? ~We were all sorry about Jane's losing her parents like that. which may be preceded by the objective case of a pronoun or by the plain form of a noun. just as "book" is a noun. ~Most of the members paid their dues without me asking them.