You are on page 1of 25

SWOT Analysis Report of Computing Professionals Bill 2011

OSS Community Forum 6th January 2012


To provide feedback to MOSTI on the impact of the proposed Bill to the implementation of the Malaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan and Open Source Software development in Malaysia



Public Sector OSS Master Plan Overview


What is OSS?
Cake Analogy

Open Source (OSS)
Resepi Simple Cheese Cake 1. Spong Cake Mix 500 gram Telur(B) 9 biji Susu UHT 100 ml 2. Cream Cheese 500 gram 3. Minyak Masak 100 ml Proses Kerja: 1. Adunkan (1) hingga menjadi kembang - High speed 2. Cairkan Cream Cheese(double Boiller) 3. Masukkan Cream Cheese kedalam (1)Low Speed.Adun hingga sebati 4. Masukkan minyak hingga sebati - Low speed.adun jangan lama sangat, nanti kualiti kekak akan terjejas. 5. Masukkan ke dalam acuan, isikan acuan di didalam takungan yang berisi air, bakar pada suhu 150 C selama 45 minit pertama.

Non OSS (Proprietary)

Cake (Software)

Recipe (Source Code)

Cake only (No Recipe)
Without the recipe, it becomes a “black box” with locked-in environment

Recipe enables learning, customisation and transparency


OSS Development & Distribution Model


OSS Benefits
Learning & Innovating National Capability Building Lower Barrier to Market Entry / Exit Enhance Security & Sovereignty

Increase Interoperability Global Technology Support Customisation & Localisation Enhance Technology Sovereignty

Increase Marketplace Competition License Fee Savings / Forex Reduction Vendor Independence Spur New Service Industry

Information Access Digital Divide Reduction Worldwide Collaboration / Networking Partnership


Public Sector OSS Master Plan

Open Source Software (OSS) Program instructed and approved by Cabinet Approved by the GITIC on 19th February 2004 Announcement of OSS Master Plan on 16th July 2004

Public Sector OSS Master Plan Objectives
Master Plan Objectives
➔ ➔

Reduce total cost of ownership Increase freedom of choice of software usage Increase interoperability among systems Increase growth of ICT industry Increase growth of OSS industry Increase growth of OSS user and developer community Increase growth of knowledge-based society Reduce digital divide

➔ ➔ ➔

Public Sector OSS Master Plan Overview
OSS MASTER PLAN PHASES 2004 – 2006 Phase I: Laying Foundation and Early Adoption Phase 2: Accelerated Adoption

2007 – 2010

2011 – onwards Phase 3: Self Reliance

We are here


OSS Smart Partnership Eco-System
OSS Ecosystem Sustainability Model

Leverage existing resources Delivery of OSS solutions and services achieved through active engagement via OSCC as the bridge


OSS Master Plan: From Vision to Reality
OPEN SOURCE ● Free licensing ● Free distribution ODM ● User engagement ● Share and reuse ● Agility and flexibility ● Meritocracy ● Transparency ● Self governance


OSS VISION and Objectives

OSCC Products and Services

OSS Proliferation in Public Service

More cost effective, connected and improved Public Service Larger and more competitive ICT industry Improved competence of human capital Lessening digital divide Self Reliance 2010 2011 Phase III
Moving Forward We are here

Laying the Foundation 2004 Phase I Early Adoption

Accelerated Adoption 2006 2007 Phase II


OSS Adoption: 2004 - 2011
(Malaysian OSS Master Plan)

Over 97% of agencies are using OSS
691 705 707


No. of Agencies





345 92

~ 14-fold increase in OSS adoption since the launch of Master Plan





131 163

0 2006 2007






More than RM 205 Million saved


Phase I Achievements

60% public sector IT personnel trained in OSS 51% Web servers in public sector agencies using OSS 42% Web operating systems in public sector agencies using OSS 5 pilot projects implemented with the following savings:

Phase I: Foundation & Early Adoption

80% savings in overall licensing cost 58% reduction in development and consultancy efforts 7% savings in software support services 30.5% savings in overall cost

Phase II Achievements

Phase II: Accelerated Adoption

80% public sector IT personnel trained in OSS (5% are certified and achieved recognition on certification by international body) 97% public sector agencies using OSS 80% of agencies using OSS back-end infrastructure 30% of agencies using OSS desktop solutions 30% of Institutes of Higher Learning participated in Certified Training Provider Program 50% of local IT vendors are providing OSS services Over RM205 Million in savings through OSS implementations

Media Highlights
“Malaysia is demonstrating outstanding leadership & accomplishment in Public Sector OSS implementation with a 97% adoption rate to date” Malaysian Business Magazine, Issue Aug 1-15, 2010 “Now the Government of Malaysia proudly reports an astonishing 97% adoption rate for OSS .... and the world should congratulate Malaysia on its outstanding leadership and accomplishments in the past five years of effort..” Michael Tiemann, President of Open Source Initiative (OSI), 9 July 2010 “The government has saved up to RM200 million in costs after more than 95 per cent of the government agencies had adopted the Public Sector Open Source software (OSS) programme launched in 2004.” New Straits Times, 23 August 2010 “Malaysian government touts 95 percent OSS adoption … Some 95 percent of Malaysia's government agencies have adopted open source software (OSS)” ZDNetAsia,, 28 January 2010

Phase III – Self Reliance
SUSTAINMENT - ensures continuous adoption, implementation and enhancement of OSS as laid out in the Master Plan. ENABLEMENT - provides for capacity building in terms of policies and guidelines, technology infrastructure and human capital.
Human Capital


Self Reliance



Continuous Improvement

EMPOWERMENT - brings agencies to the next level towards self reliance and excellence in innovating OSS technologies and solutions.

Technology Infrastructure



Phase III – Self Reliance Roadmap
Short Term By 2012
 Transfer of ownership of OSS initiatives  Establishment of respective agencies’ OSS standards, procedures & processes  Establishment of agencies’ OSS trained and certified IT teams  Deployment of operationready OSS technology platform at respective agencies to support OSS operations

Medium Term 2013 - 2015
 Establishment of agencies’ Smart Partnership collaboration platform and ecosystem to accelerate OSS innovation  Production of agencyspecific enhanced OSS application solutions and new OSS products for domestic and global utilisation

Long Term 2016 - 2020
 Agencies become subject matter champions for OSSbased systems and able to export OSS expertise to other regions  Malaysia to become one of key global OSS contributors  Malaysia as a technology exporter rather than a consumer


SWOT Analysis of Computing Professionals Bill 2011 from the perspective of Malaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan Implementation


SWOT Analysis Report

➔ ➔ ➔ ➔ ➔

Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Recommendations


Provide quality assurance of the ICT services provided by IT professionals Raise level of professional standard among IT practitioners Harness the growth of IT manpower and serve as repository for computing professionals Enhance the country's IT guideline and certifications towards world standards



Adds new layer of bureaucracy which hampers national, industry and individual growth, and the implementation of the ETP Kills spontaneity and stifles creativity and innovation of the open source developer community Hinders individual contributions from OSS champions Hinders the fulfilment of the OSS Master Plan objectives, namely:
● ●

➔ ➔

increase growth of OSS user and developer community increase growth of knowledge-based society

➔ ➔

Reduce choice of IT vendors Exemption of public sector IT professionals from the Bill defeats the purpose of the Bill


Many areas of the proposed Bill are vague, e.g.:
● ●

Definition of CNII projects The disciplines and specialisations under the BCPM registration/certification have not been defined No definition for certifications authorities

The implementation of the BCPM can be discretionary and subject to possible abuse The proposed Bill provides the Board with legal protection, and not giving the computing practitioners legal recourse in case of wrongful charges. Incurred cost of IT certifications will lead to the increased cost of end products, solutions and services.

➔ ➔

Increased number of certified OSS professionals Increased number of OSS training centres including at university levels Increased number of OSS products OSCC as a contributor to university curriculum leading to certification OSCC as one of the recognised certification body All of the above can lead to greater use of OSS, more cost effective IT spending and increased human capital development

➔ ➔

➔ ➔


Contravening the philosophy of Open Source which recognizes meritocracy as the main driver for excellence and quality, the Bill promotes the opposite by bestowing absolute power on the Board. Can be detrimental to the growth of Open Source development and related products as the result of reduced contribution and hampered individual initiatives. Reduced skill opportunities for IT development within the Open Source community results in shortage of IT skills and hampered human resource development. Hampers the contribution of subject matter experts and input from business verticals to IT developments. All the above factors contribute to the reduction of ICT growth at national levels Increases the net import of ICT skills, reduces the self reliance, and hence leads to national vulnerability. Limited number of certification bodies for Open Source as compared to the proprietary software leading to the growth the proprietary software usage and hence, increase the national spending.

➔ ➔


The Bill should be revised, taking into consideration the speed of technology advancement, speed of government service delivery and globalisation. A panel consisting of relevant representatives, including OSCC MAMPU and OSS community, is appointed to revise the Bill. Conduct study of countries which implement similar Bills and approach taken. Ensure the Bill addresses the weaknesses and threats to the implementation of the Malaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan and the Economic Transformation Program