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Nursing Abbreviations

A ABG -arterial blood gases ac - before meals ACE - angiotensin converting enzyme ACL -anterior cruciate ligament ACTH- adrenocorticotropic hormone ADA -American Diabetes Association ADH -antidiuretic hormone ADL -activities of daily living AFB -acid-fast bacilli AFP -alpha-fetoprotein AGA -appropriate for gestational age AIDS -acquired immune deficiency syndrome AKA -above knee amputation ALP -alkaline phosphatase ALT -alanine transaminase, alanine aminotransferase AMA -against medical advice AMI -acute myocardial infarction AOD-M adult onset diabetes mellitus AP apical pulse APSGN acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis ARF acute renal failure ASD atrial septal defect AST aspartate aminotransferase ATN acute tubular necrosis AU both ears AVB atrio-ventricular block B BBS bilateral breath sounds BE barium enema BG blood glucose BI brain injury BID twice a day bilat bilateral B/K below knee BM bowel movement or breast milk BP blood pressure BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy BRM biologic response modifiers BRP bathroom privileges BS bowel sounds BSA body surface area BSE breast self examination BT bowel tones BUN blood urea nitrogen C C&S culture and sensitivity Ca calcium, cancer, carcinoma CABG coronary artery bypass graft CAD coronary artery disease CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CAT computerized tomography scan CBC complete blood count CBD common bile duct CBE clinical breast examination CBG capillary blood glucose CBI continuous bladder irrigation CBS capillary blood sugar CC chief complaint CCK cholecystokinin CCPD continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis CEA cultured epithelial autograft CFT complement-fixation test CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasm CL cleft lip CMS circulation, motion, sensation CO cardiac output COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CP chest pain, cleft palate CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPD cephalo-pelvic disproportion CPP cerebral perfusion pressure CPPD chest percussion and post drainage CRF chronic renal failure CRRT continuous renal replacement therapy CRT capillary refill time CSF cerebrospinal fluid, colony stimulating factors CT chest tube, computed tomography CVA cerebral vascular accident, costovertebral angle CVP central venous pressure Cx cervix CXR chest x-ray D DAT diet as tolerated DC (dc) discontinue DCCT Diabetes Control and Complication Trials DEX (DXT) blood sugar DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation DKA diabetic ketoacidosis DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNR do not resuscitate DTR deep tendon reflex DVT deep vein thrombosis Dx diagnosis E EBV Epstein-Barr Virus ECF extracellular fluid, extended care facility EENT eye, ear, nose and throat EMC ensephalomyocarditis EMG electromyogram ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ESRD end stage renal disease ET endotracheal tube F F & R force and rhythm FA fatty acid FBS fasting blood sugar FD fatal dose, focal distance FDA Food & Drug Administration Fx fracture FUO fever of unknown origin FVD fluid volume deficit G GB gallbladder GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease GFR glomerular filtration rate GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase GI gastrointestinal GOT glutamic oxalic transaminase GU genitourinary GVHD graft-versus-hostdisease H HA headache Hb hemoglobin HCG human chorionic gonadotropin HCO3 bicarbonate HCT hematocrit HD hemodialysis HDL high density lipoprotein HEENT head, eye, ear, nose and throat Hgb hemoglobin HIV human immunodeficiency virus HRT hormone replacement therapy HS bedtime Hx history I IBC iron binding capacity IBD inflammatory bowel disease IBS irritable bowel syndrome IBW ideal body weight ICCE intracapsular cataract extraction ICF imtermediate care facility ICP intracranial pressure

ICS intercostal space ICT inflammation of connective tissue ICU intensive care unit IDM infant of diabetic mother IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus IE inspiratory exerciser IH infectious hepatitis IHD ischemic heart disease IIP implantable insulin pump IM intramuscular IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation INR international normalization ratio IPD intermittent peritoneal dialysis IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing ITP immune thrombocytopenic purpura IV intravenous IVF in vitro fertilization IVP intravenous pyelography J JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association JVP jugular venous pressure K K potassium KCl potassium chloride KI potassium iodide KUB kidney, ureter, bladder KVO keep vein open L L & A light and accommodation LAD left anterior descending (artery) LB large bowel LDL low density lipoprotein LE lupus erythematosus LFTs liver function tests LIJ left internal jugular LLQ left lower quadrant LMP last menstrual period LP lumbar puncture LSC left subclavian LUQ left upper quadrant M MAP mean arterial pressure MAR medication administration record MCL modified chest lead MDI multiple daily vitamin MI myocardial infarction MLC midline catheter MM mucous membrane MoAbs monoclonal antibodies MOM Milk of Magnesia MRDD mental retarded/developmentally

disabled MRI magnetic resonance imaging MRM modified radical mastectomy MS multiple sclerosis, morphine sulfate N Na sodium NaCl sodium chloride NED no evidence of disease NICU neonatal intensive care unit NIDDM noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus NKA no known allergies NKDA non-ketotic diabetic acidosis NKMA no known medcation allergies NPD nightly peritoneal dialysis NPO nothing by mouth NSAID nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug NTD neural tube defect NV nausea & vomiting NYD not yet diagnosed O OD right eye OGTT oral glucose tolerance test ORIF open reduction internal fixation OS left eye OU both eyes P PABA para-aminobenzoic acid pc after mealsPCA patient controlled analgesia, posterior communicating artery PCN penicillin, primary care nurse PCV packed cell volume PD peritoneal dialysis PDA patent ductus arteriosus, posterior descending artery PDD pervasive development disorder PDR physician's desk reference PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy PERL pupils equal, react to light PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation PET positron emission tomography PFT pulmonary function test PG prostaglandin

PH past history PI present illness PICC peripherally inserted central venous catheter PID pelvic inflammatory disease PMI point of maximal impulse PNH paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria PO by mouth PRBC packed red blood cells PS pyloric stenosis PSA prostate specific antigen PT prothrombin time PTT partial thromboplastin time PUD peptic ulcer disease PVD peripheral vascular disease Px pneumothorax Q QD everyday QID four times a day qns quantity not sufficient QOD every other day qs quantity sufficient, quantity required R RA rheumatoid arthritis RAD reactive airway disease RAI radioactive iodine RAIU radioactive iodine uptake RCA right coronary artery RDW red cell distribution width REEDA redness, edema, ecchymosis, drainage, approximation RHD rheumatic heart disease, relative hepatic dullness RIJ right internal jugular RLQ right lower quadrant RM respiratory movement ROM range of motion ROS review of systems RSC right subclavian RUQ right upper quadrant Rx prescription, pharmacy S S/S signs & symptoms SAB spontaneous abortion SAST serum aspartate aminotransferase SB spina bifida SBO small bowel obstruction SGPT serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SNF skilled nursing facility SOB short(ness) of breath SR sedimentation rate SS social services

STD sexually transmitted disease STH somatotropic hormone STM short term memory SUI stress urinary incontinence SVR systemic vascular resistance Sx symptoms T T3 triiodothyronine T4 thyroxine TBSA total body surface area TCDB turn, cough, deep breathe TED (hose) thromboembolism deterrent TEP transesophageal puncture THR total hip replacement TIA transient ischemic attack TIBC total iron binding capacity TID three times a day TIL tumor infiltrating lymphocytes TKR total knee replacement TNF tumor necrosis factor TNM tumor, node, metastases TNTC too numerous to mention TP tuberculin precipitation TPN total parenteral nutrition TTN transient tachypnea of the newborn TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura TUPR trans-urethral prostatic resection TUR (or TURP) transurethral resection of the prostate TWB touch weight bear TWE tap water enema Tx treatment, traction U UA urinalysis UAO upper airway obstruction UBW usual body weight UGI upper gastrointestinal UPJ ureteropelvic junction URI upper respiratory infection US ultrasonic UTI urinary tract infection UVJ ureterovesical junction

fibrillation VLDL very low density lipoprotein VMA vanillylmandelic acid VSD ventricular septal defect VT/Vtach ventricular tachycardia VW vessel wall W W/C wheelchair WBC white blood cell WD well developed WHO World Health Organization WN well nourished WNL within normal limits X Y Z

V VA visual acuity VBAC vaginal birth after caeserean VF/Vfib ventricular