# THE NATURE OF TIME AND THE CONCEPT OF MOTION DILATION

Done by ,

Amir Mostafa Mohamed Abou el rous
BS.c of science , department of geophysics at Ain Shams university

"I am not interested in the stupid degree I have , I only want to give something big to this world. I only want to do my share"

"I am not clever nor stupid , I just want to answer some of the questions that make me curious"

17 January 2012 Cairo , Egypt

Introduction

The theory of special relativity states that time is relative and not absolute as Newtonian mechanics has proposed , this has lead to the idea of time dilation which I will prove to be wrong in the next few paragraphs. Light is responsible for carrying stable images and dynamic motion to our eyes and because our everyday speeds are very much less than that of light , we see images and motion of dynamic images the moment they occur. Since light is known to consist of dicrete partitions called " PHOTONS " this means that the building block of light is the photon. When we see an image or a motion of a certain object , we see it due to the fact that photons carry them to our eyes and again , due to the large speed of light , we see them the moment they happen. If I suppose that a beam of light one second long i.e 300000000 meters long consists of say 10 trillion photons , at our everyday velocities these 10 trillion photons reach our eye in exactly one second with keeping in mind that each photon carries a stable image in a very short time which is equal to 1 / 10 000 000 000 000 of a second ( for the mentioned case ). Due to very short time that these photons take to reach our eyes , we see moving objects in a continuous manner since an enormous sucessive number of photons reaches our eye in just one second.

To give an example that is widely known to explain this theory . Old cartoons were made by drawing many images of the same figure ( say Tom running after Jerry ) with slight variation of every new image than the previous one. By scrolling through these images with the appropriate speed , the stable " DISCRETE " images or pictures will appear to be contiues and a dynamic motion of the stable images of " Tom running after Jerry " is obtained. The scrolling speed controls the rate of motion of " Tom running after Jerry ", as we increase it , the motion will appear continues and takes a relatively shorter time to occur than if we scroll at a lower rate. If the scrolling becomes relatively very slow , the continues dynamic motion of " Tom running after Jerry " will gradually become dicrete and our eyes will be able to distinguish between the images and be able to see them as discrete images and when the scrolling stops and the dynamic motion becomes stable. The same applies to light , if an observer travels at a speed close to light , the rate at which photons are conceived by him will slow down. This means that the number of photons reaching his eye decreases. Therefore the rate of motion of a dynamic object will " apparently slow down" which causes the observer to think that time has slowed down. If we suppose that the same observer observes a wheel that turns 10 times in 1 second , at a velocity close to light where " motion dilation occurs " he will witness the wheel to apparently turn at a slower rate. If the unit time as chosen for the above case is 1 second, the apparent rate of motion of the wheel will be less than 10 turns a second , perhaps 5 turns in 1 second. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that " the time that two successive photons take to be conceived by the observer's eye has apparently doubled " only because the observers velocity is very close to light.

If again , we suppose that the observer will travel at a velocity very close to light for 5 seconds where the rate of motion has apparently slowed down to half " and then begins to slow down his velocity, the rate of motion will begin to apparently increase where the number of turns in 1 second will gradually increase as 6 , 7 , «, 10 turns in 1 second. When the observer comes to rest or moves with non-relativistic speeds , he will witness the wheel to turn with it's normal pace of 10 turns in 1 second. This takes me to the conclusion that the faster we travel to speeds close to light the more " CONTIUES MOTION WILL APPEAR AS A NUMBER OF QUANTIZED IMAGES". The above paragraphs lead to another notable conclusion which is the " ABSENCE OF THE FULL HISTORY OF MOTION OF A DYNAMIC OBJECT ''. This concept simply means that the observed lapsed time observed by the observer will "APPARENTLY ' be less than the actual time witnessed by another observer who is at rest. If I apply this fact to the above example , we will find that the number of turns that the observer will see in 10 seconds will be less than 100 , say 70 and the number can even decrease further if the observer is to increase his speed. By keeping his in mind , the observer will not see the last 30 turns of the wheel and thus , " A PART OF THE HISTORY OF THE WHEEL WILL BE ABSENT OR LOST ". The above theory will only work if the observer moved away from the path of the light waves at the instant he witnesses the 70 turns of the wheel because if he stays still in his place he will witness the next 30 turns but he will need an additional time of 3 seconds.

THE EQUATIONS FOR MOTION DILATION
If I use " ¨t " to represent the time elapsed that a dynamic object takes to execute a certain pattern of motion , e.g as in the turning wheel example , the time needed to turn once which will be 1/10 of a second. This " ¨t " must be measured when the observer is at rest to avoid the dilation of motion. If I use "¨t' " to represent the time elapsed that a dynamic object takes to execute a certain pattern of motion when the observer is travelling at relativistic velocities where motion dilation occurs. "¨t' " is always larger than " ¨t " and only equals it when the observer is at rest or is moving at a non-relativistic velocity.

By introducing "LORENTZ FACTOR" we get :

¨t' =

¨t

=

¨t

Another relation can be made by relating " the absolute rate of motion ( R ) " and " the apparent relative rate of motion ( R') ". The absolute rate of motion represents the normal pace with which we witness the everyday events where we don't travel at relativistic velocities. On the other hand , the apparent relative rate of motion represents a slower pace of motion depending on the speed of the observer. At velocities very close to light or assumed to equal that of light , the apparent relative rate of motion will become very slow and dynamic objects will appear as static. This means that the apparent relative rate of motion (R') approaches zero when the observers velocity becomes very close to light and when this happens a dynamic moving object will appear as a static object and at this moment , the observer will no be able to distinguish between dynamic and static objects. The equation relating the absolute rate of motion with the apparent relative rate of motion is : R' = From the above investigation , I can conclude that " Time is always absolute , it never slows down or speeds up only because it doesn't belong to the long list of physical phenomena so it can't be governed by physical laws. Time is just an entity that makes our everyday life and the universe sensible and calculable.