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Professor and Marie Curie Chair in Fundamental and Conceptual Aspects of Turbulent Flows Institute for Mathematical Sciences and Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College London

Arkady Tsinober

Does the Tennekes & Lumley balance hold only # in the mean?* # at sufficiently large Reynolds numbers?* # in statistically stationary turbulence? turbulence

*See fig 6.6 in Tsinober 2001, Kluwer

DNS:

B. GALANTI N. SANDHAM

Experiments:

G. GULITSKII, M. KHOLMYANSKY S. YORISH

T E N N E K E S &

pp. 86-91

L U M L E Y 1 9 7 2

______________________________________________________________________

*In this sense - but not only in this - turbulence is not slightly viscous at

whatever large Reynolds number. In this context the question: what happens with enstrophy/strain production as 0 is of special interest

Enstrophy production is approximately balanced in the mean by viscous terms at sufficiently high Reynolds numbers* in statistically stationary turbulent shear flow Three questions: # Is it only/just in the mean? # Does this happen only at sufficiently large Reynolds numbers? # Is this balance violated in statistically non-stationary turbulence? turbulence

SELFAMPLIFICATION

The property of self amplification of vorticity and strain is responsible for the fact the neither enstrophy nor the total strain s are inviscid invariants as is the kinetic energy u

SELFAMPLIFICATION

VELOCITY DERIVATIVES

SELF-RANDOMIZATION/INTRINSIC STOCHASTICITY: NO SOURCE OF RANDOMNESS IS NEEDED, THE FORCING CAN BE CONSTANT IN TIME

AT THE LEVEL OF VELOCITY DERIVATIVES: VORTICITY AND STRAIN (DISSIPATION) THE EXTERNAL FORCING IS IRRELEVANT

Three cases: 1. DNS in a periodic box, Re=102 2. DNS in a channel flow, Re=5600 3. Atmospheric SL, Re=104; Re=108

0.5 F O R C I N G

5 0

Enstrophy balance

y+

y/d

Strain balance

y+

y/d

E=104; RE=108 R

MARIA, SWITZERLAND

Height 1850 m Experiment was performed in collaboration of Institute of Hydromechanics and Water Resources Management, ETH Zurich

The Israeli team

THE PROBE

3 mm

hot wires

cold wires

Manganin is used as a material for the sensor prongs instead of tungsten because the temperature coefficient of the electrical resistance of manganin is 400 times smaller than that of tungsten.

STATIONARY. T STATIONARY

256

Re= 2x102

dE/dt P --D F

Note i) approximate balance between P and --D and ii) irrelevance of the forcing term F

DOES THE T & L BALANCE HOLD ONLY/JUST IN THE MEAN? DOES THE T & L BALANCE HOLD ONLY AT SUFFICIENTLY LARGE REYNOLDS NUMBERS?

The simulation parameters: Resolution 128 Forcing: ABC multiplied by (1 + At cos t) with At = 0.5 and = 0, 6 and 30 Velocity field parameters: Eddy turn over time 50 Taylor Reynolds number Re = 50

Enstrophy balance

()D/Dt = ijsij + ii + ijki Fk/xj

0.1

0.08

i i

=0

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.02 1.1

1.12

1.14

1.16

1.18

1.2

1.22

1.24 x 10

4

Time

0.05

0.04

=6

i i

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.01 1.08

1.1

1.12

1.14

1.16

1.18

1.2

1.22 x 10

4

Time

0.04 0.035 0.03 0.025 0.02 0.015 0.01 0.005 0 0.005 1.24 1.26 1.28 1.3 1.32

=30

1.34

1.36 x 10

4

Time

Strain balance

()Ds/Dt = - sijsjkski (1/4)ijsij sijp/xixj + sijsij + sijFij

=0

1.12

1.14

1.16

1.18

1.2

1.22

1.24 x 10

4

Time

0.025

0.02

=6

ij ij

0.015

0.01

0.005

0.005 1.08

1.1

1.12

1.14

1.16

1.18

1.2

1.22 x 10

4

Time

20

x 10

=30

15

ij ij

10

1.24

1.26

1.28

1.3

1.32

1.34

1.36 x 10

4

Time

CONCLUDING

The T&L enstrophy balance holds not only # in the mean # at sufficiently large Reynolds numbers # in statistically stationary turbulence # A similar balance holds for the total strain siksik

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