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Libris

C. K.

OGDEN

:

THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES

,;^^;?>

:

THE

"RVAGORAS
I

SOCRATES,

WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND NOTES

HENRY CLARKE,

M.A.

LONDON
W.

SWAN SONNENSCHEIN
PATERNOSTER SQUARE.
I860.

t

CO.,

' The portrait of a man's character than an image of his body."

is

a better memorial

Digitized by the Internet Arciiive
in

2008

with funding from

IVIicrosoft

Corporation

http://www.archive.org/details/evagorasofisocraOOisoc

1


FA

CONTENTS,

—^
Preface
AtJTHORITIES

Introduction

.......... .........

PAOE

5

7 9 13
15

Hypothesis

Text
Notes
Appendix ox the Text
Index

32

.49
51

PKEFACE.
THIS
little

book
at

is

intended as a help towards the study of

an author
that " there

present too

much

neglected in

English

schools and colleges.
is,

Mr. J. E. Sandys has said of Isocrates

perhaps, no Attic author

who

is

equal to him in

simplicity of constructions, in purity of language,

and trans-

parency of

style.

" It

is

this," he adds, " that renders

him pecu-

liarly suitable as a stepping-stone to the less easy prose of the

other Attic
it is

orators,

and of

Aristotle, Plato,

and Thucydides

;

this that has

made him
he

as favourite a subject in the schools

of

Germany

as

was

in

our English schools

during the
edition

sixteenth and seventeenth centuries."

Yet Mr. Sandys'
is

of the
the

Ad Demonicum and
selection

Panegyricus

(so far as I

know)
the

only

that

has

been hitherto
^

made from

twenty-one orations of

this author.

Professor Jebb has said with regard to a portion
of the Panegyticm that "
it

(^^^

133-159)

contributes to the history of Greece

a vivid picture of the barbarian world in contact with Hellas at

a critical moment."

These words apply with equal force

to the
is

oration I have selected
that of Blass's revision
'

— the

Evwjoras.

The text adopted
Teubner
series.
tlie

of Benseler in the

I

Professor Jebb has published a vohuno of

aolecti(Jiis

from

Attic

orators.


6
liave

PREFACE.
noted, however, in an appendix,
all

deviations from the

more conservative
For the notes
I

text of the Ziirich editors.

am

mainly indebted

to the following

works

:

Dr. 0. Schneider's Isocrates Ausgewdhlte lieden; Professor R.
C. Jebb's Attic Orators
;

Dr. F. Blass's Isokrates und Isaios ; and

Mr.

J.

E. Sandys'
is

Ad Demonicum
to

and Panegyricus.
Greek

Reference

made

Curtius'

Grammar;

Farrar's

Greek Syntax' ; and Goodwin's Greek Moods and Tenses.

HENRY CLARKE.
14,

Ladbkoke Grove,
NoTTiNG Hill.

AUTHOEITIES.

<>

J.

J.

G. Bcaiter and H. Sauppe, Oratores Attici, Zurich, 1839-50. Bekkcr, Isocrates, Oxford, 1822.

F. Blass, Isocratis Orationes (revision of Benseler), Teubner, Ijcipzig, 1878-9.
„ „

Hyperidis Orationes, Teubner.
Attische Beredsamkeit,
ii.,

Isokrates

und
i.

0. Sclineider, Isokrates' Ausgewiililte
ticus,

Reden

:

Isaios, Teubner, 187-1. Demonicus, Euagoras, Areopagi-

2nd

ed.,

1873

;

ii.

Panegyricus, Philippus, 2nd ed.,1874, TeiiVnier.
:

G. E. Benseler, Isokrates'

Werke

i.

Archidamos, und Rede

liber

Panegyrikos und Philippos; ii. Plataikos, den Frieden, Engelmann, Leipzig, 18o4.
Panegyrikos und Areopagitikos
Berlin, 1882.

See Blass. „ K. Eeinhardt, Ausgewiililte Reden des Isokrates
(."ith

:

ed. of Rauclienstein"),

Weidmann,

R. Rauchcnstein.
J. E.

See Reinhardt. Sandys. Isocrates, Ad Demonicum, and Panegyricus, Rivingtons, 1868. R. C. Jebb, The Attic Orators, from Antiphon to Isaeus.
,.

J. P.

Greek Literature Primer. Mabaffy, History of Classical Greek Literature, 2nd ed. G. Grote. History of Greece. E. Curtius, History of Greece, translated by A. W. Ward.
T. Mitchell,

Index Graecitatis Isocraticae.

G. Curtius, The Student's Greek
F.

Grammar.
of the

W.

Farrar, Greek Syntax.

W. W. Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses W. G. Rutlierford The New Phrynichus.
.

Greek Verb.
Scries).

T. L. Papillon,
J.

Manual

of

Comparative Philology ((Uarcndon Press

W.

Hales, Milton's Areopagiticn, with Introduction and Notes (Clarendon
Press Series).

;

INTEODUCTION.
A

^

N

account of the

life,

works, and style of Isocrates will be
:

found in the following books
Classical Literature

—Jebb's
Blass's
art.

Attic

Oratoi's

MahaflPy's Greek
samkeit, vol.
ii.
;

;

Attische Bered-

Encyclopcedia Britannica,

" Isocrates " (written

by Professor Jebb).
The Evagoras
(or.
iii.),

(or. ix.), the

To

JSicocles (or.

ii.),

and the Nicocles

may

be conveniently classed together as the three

Cyprian orations of Isocrates.

The To Demomcus

(or.

i.)

is

ascribed by Blass to a pupil of Isocrates.

Evagoras began to reign about 411
Cnidus
in 394,

B.C.,

assisted

Conon

at

was engaged

in a ten

years'

war with

Persia,

probably from 390 to 380, and was assassinated probabl}- in
378.
till

His son Nicocles succeeded him in that year, and reigned
about 360.

The friendship of Evagoras and Conon was
During the

transmitted to their sons Nicocles and Timotheus.

years 378-370, Timotheus Avas engaged in organising the

new

Confederation, both in the Archipelago and in the Ionic Sea, and
Isocrates

(known

to

Timotheus since about 384) accompanied
at this time

him

as

companion and secretary, and

may

have

10

INTKODUCTION.
the

begun the friendship of Isocrates with
Salamis.

royal house of

The oration To Nlcocles was written soon
of Nicocles, probably in 376.

after the accession

The Nicocles must have been

written after the To Nicocles, and several years after the accession of that monarch.

The Evagoras,

also,

must have been

written at a considerable,
assassination of Evagoras.

but not a long, interval from the
It

may
it

be dated approximately 370.
first

Isocrates speaks of the Evagoras as the

example of an

encomium on a contemporary
encomium on Timotheus
in

;

may

be classed with his

own

the

AnfAclosis, the Agesilaus of

Xenophon, and the encomia in honour of Mausolus,
The researches of recent historians have
lanofuaofe

fully justified the

of Isocrates in this
as " a

oration.

Mr. Grote^ describes

Evagoras

Greek of pre-eminent vigour and intelligence,
with his contemporary

remarkably free from the vices usual in Grecian despots, and

forming a strong contrast in

this respect
is

Dionysius, whose military energy

so deeply stained

by crime

and violence."
" In this age," writes Professor Ernst Curtius,^ " poor

m

men and

in deeds,

no other figure

is

to be

met with

so attrac-

tive as that of

Evagoras.

While elsewhere
life

we

find nothing but

reaction and decay in the public
barbarians,

of both

Hellenes and

Cyprus

is

a land of a hopeful progress, entirely

associated with the lofty efforts of this one man.

He

had with

heroic vigour not only recovered the princely power of which
his

house had been despoiled, but he had also begun to make a
the whole island, which, after the days of

Greek land of
1

Cimon,

History of Greece, chap. Ixxvi.
ITistory of Greece, trans,

*

by Ward,

vol. iv., p. 205.

1

INTRODUCTION.

1

had been flooded by Phoenicians, and completely estranged from
the Hellenes
;

so that the Cyprians

now thoroughly detached
manners,

themselves from the East, would marry none but Greek wives,

and outvied one another
culture,

in their devotion to Grreek

and

art.^

Evagoras looked upon himself personally as

an Athenian, because he sprung from the Teukridae, whose

home was

in the island of Salamis.

.

.

.

and he delighted

in

connecting himself in any

way with Athens, as with

the luminous

prototype of that culture, the spread of which he
as the task of his life."

now

regarded

The Evagoras

is

in

every respect

in the disposition of the

parts, in the choice of words,

and

in the structure of the periods

— a good
Evagoras

example of the
to

style of Isocrates at his best.

Blass
to the

draws attention

the Homeric tone

of §§ 62-63,
If,

and

accumulation of antitheses in §§ 44-46.
is
is

on the one hand,
this

worthy of

this

encomium, on the other hand,

encomium

worthy of Evagoras.

Isocrates acknowledges {Aiitid., 40) that he received presents

from Nicocles, but the statement that he received 30
for

talents

the

Evagoras (" Hypoth." Evag.)

is

probably an exag-

geration.
!Sce

'

the coins of Evagornw and Nicotics in Mr.
Coins (British Museum).

1!.

V. Head's Select

Greek and

Roman

rnOSESIS ANflNTMOT FPAMMATIKOT.


lariov,

<.-


eypa-yjrev ^I(TOKpdri]<; Trpo?

on
;

rov \6yov rovrov

tov
he

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Tovro

/xera ryv irapalveaLV T7]v 7rpo<? avrov.
Xeyofiev,

irodev
rjfilv

SriXov

eVetS^

auro?

^avepov

tovto

KadicTTrjaL irepl to Te\o<i rov
ere rra paKeXevojjiai

Xoyov rovrov \k<yaw on ov vvv airovhd^eiv irepX rrjv dperrjv dTCsA
iv

Kai TrdXai,

6

ianv

rat?

Trapatveaeaiv.

rrpwrov

ovv

kypayjrev avru) ra<; Trapatveaei^i fjuera rov rov rrarpo^ Odvarov,

etra deurepou rov eiTLrd^Lov rovrov,
€vvov<i

'iva

rfKeov koI Sid rovrov

Evayopov Odvarov. \eyovcn he nve^, on Kal rpidKovra rdXavra vrrep rovrov ihe^aro. Zr^rrjcreie h dv n^ iv tcS Xoyw rovrw, hid rl emra<^iov
aiirS (pavfj rcfxcov

rov

bvro^ Kai rov iinracptov aTzairovvro^ irapd rd iyK(o/j,iaariKd

rrdvra KecpuXaia TrXeov ro re dprjvrjrLKov iv
7rapa/Jiv6r]rLKov iv rcS riXet,

rfj

dpxf] Kal ro

iv

yap

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roi<i

hvo rovroL<i

Ke<^aXaLOL<i hiacfyepovaiv 6 re

i'irird(f>LO<;
;

X6yo<; Kal rb iyKco/jiiov,

evravda he

TraprjKe

rd hvo Ke(f)dXaia
rov Xoyov

Kal Xeyofiev,

on

<f)alverat,

eK TToXXov rov -^^povov rereXevrirjKU)<i Evay6pa<;'
Kpdrri<i vvv •wiiJb'^a'^
/j,erd

Kal 6 Icro-

ttoXv rov eKeivov Bavdrov,

drorrov
dpyjvcav

rjyetro

OprjvrjriKov

rdrrecv

Kal

dvap,i/u,V7]<TKeiv

ro)v

rcov

6(f)€LX6vra)v

irporov

Xe^6r]vai
el

irap

avrov rov
rijv

Odvarov.
rrapi)Ke ro
eiTrelv
purj

El

he

rt?

etTrot,

on,
rl

hid
iv

ravnjv

alriav

OpijVTjriKOv, hid

Kal

ru>

riXei i^earr]
el

rov

ro

TrapafivOrjriKov

;

Xeyofiev,

on,

rovro

iTri'jyaye^

TTporiyrjaaixevov

rov

dprjvrjriKov,

en

rrXeov

uKaiporepov

14
iSoKei TTOLelv.

HYPOTHESIS.

"Evda

<ydp

elcri

Oprjvoi,

eicel

oc^eiXei

koX

rj

Trapafiudla Traperreadar el he
inrep Tlvo<i ifieWofiev

/jurjheva idpr]vr]aafiev

tm

Xoyo),

Trapa/juvOelcrdai

toi)?
^

tm

yivei Trpoa-q-

KOVTa<i

;

"flare ovv BvvaTat o X070? kul K7nTd(f)L0<i Xiyeadai
'

KaX E<yK(i)ixiov EirLrdxpiO'i fJbev, htori et? tov reTeXevrrjKora Evayopap ypd(f)€t tov \6yov, EyKco/jLtov 8e, Store irapijKe rd
^

hvo K€(f)dXata rov E7nTa(f)L0v.
^

'EviKijae 8e avrov rov \6yov
^Icrreov
Be,
co?

EyKop^Lov pboXkov XeyeaOat.
hvo rovrwv Ke<paXal(i)v erepa
7rpool/j,iov, oirep

on
w?

dvrl

rwv

Svo dvreccrijyaye, ro re rpirov
rrepl eyKoofxiov,

ovk eanv evpelv

Trpoelprjrat,

KoX ro irapaLveriKov.
rjv

Kal ro

/xev irpocrOelvaL

rpirov rrpooifXLov

dvrl rov dprjvrjriKov' ro he irapaLveriKov ev rco reXec dvrl

rov 'jrapa/MvOrjriKov' ev

w avrw

Trapatvei,

on

,,'0(^etXe69,

(o

NtKOKXeLi?, fii/jLTjaacrOaL rd<i rrpd^ei^ rd^ rov rrarpo^, a? vvv
hirjXdop^ev ev

rw

eTToracfiLU)."

Aid rovro yap Kal ro
rfj

Trapai-

veriKov ev

rw

rekei era^e Kal ovk ev

dp^fi, eireLhrj eSei
irpd^ei';,

rrpwrov

diroheL')(6r)vaL

rov

irarpo^;

rd'^

iva

Trpo?

ravra<i varepov hvvi]6fj

avrw

irapaivelv ^icovac.

ETArOPAS.
(a'.)

'Opoiv,

ft)

Nik6k\€L<;,

ri/jiMVTd

ae

rov

TU(f)Ov

tov

Trarpb^ ou jxovov

tm

w\i]6ei koI
fiovcrcKfj

tw

KuXkei, rcov

e7rL(j)epofxev<j)v

oKXa
7rpo9

Kcil

')(opoL^

KoX

koX <^v^vLKol<i

arjoicyiv^

en

Be

TOUTOt?

iTTTTiov

TC

KOI

rpi/]pcov afjiiX\ai<i,
j)'yi]crd/xr]v

Kat Xei'Kovr

ovSe/jLiav

TOiv tolovtcov

virepfSoXyv,

Tt? eoTTLV aladrjaii; rol^ rereXevrrjKoaL
yvofievcov,
ev/juevco^

irepl

Evayopav, ec'^ tmv evddhe yi')(^aipeLV

/aev

d'iroSe-)(^ea6ai

Kol ravra, Kai
rrjv

opMvra
airaaiv,

Tr]v

re

irepl
S'

avrov eTn/jieXetav Kol
av ere

a7]v
''"O^'?

fieya-

\07rpe7reiav, ttoXv
el rt?

irXeLO) %a/oty e^eit'

V

a\Xoi<i

Bvvrjdeirj

irepl

rcov eTnrrjSevfidTcov

avrov koL
evpi]-

rSiv KivSvvcov d^i(o<; SteXdelv

twv eKeivw ireTrpayfxevwv
koI fieyaXoy^v')(OV<;
t6)v

3

aofiev

yap tou?
^^]v

(fjLXorlfxov;

dvBpcov

ov fiovov dvrl
dvTi TOV
irepl
OTTft)?

to)V

tolovtmv eiraivetaOaL ^ovXofjbevov^ dXX'
evKXecb<;

UTTodvrjcrKeLv

aipovfMevov;, Kat pidXXov
7rotovvTa<;,

rrj(; 86^r]<i r)

rod /3iov a'TrovSd^ovTa<;, Kal Trdvra

dddvarov
hairdvau

tjjv irepl
/xeu

avrwv

/xvrj/jurjv

KaraXel-^ovatv.

at fievi

oxiv

tmp

tolovtcov

ovSev e^epyd^ovTat, rov Be
to.^

ttXovtov arjfielov elcriv ol Be irepl ttjv /xovacKijv Kal
dy(j)via<i ovre^, ol /xev rd'? Bvvd/jiet,<; Td<;

dXXa<i

avrwv,

ol Be rd^; Te-)(ya<i

eiriBei^dpievoi,

crcpd'i

avTov<;

ivTifjuorepov;

KareaTTjaav

6

Be

X0709

el

KaXoi^ BieXdot rdf; eKeivov

rnrpd^ei'i,

deifivj](TT0v

dv
5

ry]v dpeTr]v ri-jv
{/3 .)

Evayopov irapd

irdaiv dvdpco7roi<i Troujcreiev.

^Ey^prjv jxev ovv Kal tov<;
yeyevT)/j,evov<;,

dXXovi
Iv

etraivelv tov^

ecj)'

avTOiV dvBpa^ aya6ov<i

ol re Bwdfievoi Ta tu)v

,

16
aXXcdv epya
aXrjOeMCi
OLeicetvTO
Kocr/xeLV

THE EVAGORAS
iv elSocrc Troiovixevot
Tov<i
X6<yov<i
Tal<i

e')(^po)vro

irepl avroiv, ol re vecorepoi <pi\oTi/j,OTep(o<;
€l86Te<;,

tt/oo?

ttjv dperrjv,

ort rovroov euXojijcrovTaf'

fiaXkou

div

av aneivovi

a(f)d<;

avTOV<; irapdcr'xwcriv.
/uuev

vvv he rt?

ovK av

adv/x7]aei€v,

orav opa

roi)?

irepl

rd TpcoLKa koL tou?
avrov
fMrjSeTrore

eTreKeiva yevo/nevov; vz-ivoviMevovi koI

TpayaiBovfiivovi,

he TrpoeiBy,

firjS'

av vTrep/SdWr] ra? eKecvcov dperdq,
;

rocovrcov eiraivcov d^c(odi](r6fjievov
(p

rovrcov

8' aoTLO'i

6 (j)66vo<i
toi<;

rovTo fiovov dyadov Trpoaea-rcv, ore fieyiarov
outo)

KaKOv

exovaiv eaTcv.
"

yap

rtve^

Sucr/coXo)?

'7re(f)VKacnv,
el

Mad'

^oiov dv evXnyov/j>evcov dKovoiev, ou? ovk taacnv
i)

yeyovaaiv
ov
firjv

TovTcov,

v(f)

oiv

ev ireirovdoTe'i avrol Tvy')(^dvovaiv.
e')^ovTa<i

oouXevTeov

roi"?

vovv

T0t9 ovrco KaKco<i (f)povov(Ttv,
S'

dXXd
rd'i

roiv fiev TOLovTcov dfjLeXrjTeov, tou?
TTepl

dXXov<i edtareov dKovetv,
eTreihrj

Mv Kal Xeyeiv SiKaiov
yiyvofjieva^

eariv, dXXoi<i t

Kal

e7rt86cret9 icrfiev

Kal rcav Te)(ySiV Kal tmv dXXoiV
Tol<i

aTTavrcov ov hid rov<i i/nfievovra^i
Tov<; eiravopdovvTa's

KadecrTwaiv

dXXd
/xr)

Bed

Kal roXficovTa'i del

n

Kcveiv

rwv

KaXcix;

iXovTcov.

8

{y

•)

OiSa

iJbev

ovv, otl yaXeTTOv earcv, o fieXXco Troielv,
eyKWjjbidl^eLV.

dvSpo'i dperrjv Sid
irepl fjbev

Xoywv

cn]fietov Se /jieyLcrrov'

01

irepl rrjv

ydp dXXcov ttoXXmv Kal iravTohairoiv Xeyeiv ToXfxwcnv (j)iXocro(f)lav ovre'i, irepl Se tmv tolovtcov ov8el<;
avyypd(j)eiv eirex^lprjaev.
tol(;

iTMiroT
e%(W

avTwv
Kal

Kal iroXXrjv avToi^
iroXXol
Tol<i

avyyv(OfM'T]v.

/xev

ydp

iroLrjral^

heoovrat

^

KOCTfioL'

ydp

irXrjcridl^ovra^

rou?

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dv6pa)iroL<i

olov

T

avTOL<;

iroifjaat

Kal

StaXeyofMevovi

Kal

avvaycovL^ofxi]

fjt,evov<i ol<i

dv

(BovXrjOoiai, Kal irepl

tovtwv
fxev

St]X(jt)aac

jxovov

Tot? TerayiJuevoL^ ovoixacriv,

dXXd rd

^evoa, rd he Kaivot<;,

rd he

[xera^opal'^, Kal /xr]hev irapaXiirelv

dXXd

irdcri roL<; e'lheai

^OhiaiTOiKlXai

rrjv irolrjatv rol'i he irepl rov<; X6yov<;

ovhev e^ecrrt

rMV

roLOvroiV, aXA,' diror6f^o)<; Kal

rwv

ovo/J-droov rot? iroXLriKOL<i

fjLovov

Kal ra>v

ivdv/jurj/jbdrcov rol<; irepl

avrd^

rd'i irpd^ei,<i

dvay-

Kalbv

ean

^/3r)cr^ai.

Trpo?

he rovroi<i ol (xev fxerd

fxerpwv Kal

OF ISOCRATES.
pv9fjiu)v

17

aTTdvra Troiovaiv, ol
e^^et ')(^dpLv,
6fico<;

S'

ouSevo^ tovtwv Koivcovovaiv
rfj

a ToaavTrjv
fiacnv
e-^rj

oyar av Koi

Xe^ec koI

Tol<i evOv/ny]o-uyu,//.e-

KaKw<;,

auTal<i rat<i €upv6/jULai,<; koX rat'i
civ

rpiai^ y\rv)(a'yoi'yovaL roii^ aKovovra<;. yvolrj S
hvvafjbLv

ri^

eKeWev

ttjv

11

auTQJv

rjv

<ydp

Ti<f

twv

7roir]fidTcov rcov evooKifiovvTcov

ra

fjuev

ouo/xara

kcu

ra?
ttoXv
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dafJbevoL

dirocrrdai,
elpr]V7]v

Kvpcoc yivoivro
Xvcravre^;

rwv

rrjv

eTrocrjaavro,
rr]<;

rov

v6p,ov

Tovrov, ouSev Se Kivi]aavre<i
AaKeSaip^ovicov
€')(ovr()iv

Evayopov
Kal
ivro<;

rvpavvlSo<i.

«at64

p,ev

ro>v

Kal

ho^av

hvvapav

p^eyLcrrrjv

Kar eKeivov rov

')(^povov

rpioiv eroiv d^eiXero

rqv

dp')(rjv,

Evayopa

Be rroXepbrjaa^ errj ScKa rd)v avroiv Kvpiov

avrov KareXirrev,

oivrrep rjv Kal irplv el^
'

rov rroXepov elaeXOelv.
rjv

o he rrdvrojv Beivorarov

rr]v

yap

ttoXiv,

Evayopa^ erepov
r
eyevero
'^(etpu)-

TVpavvovvro<i p^era irevri'jKovr
p,€ya^ roaavrtjv Svvap,LV
rracrdai.

dvhpoyv elXe, ravrrjv /3aaiXev<i
ov)(^

e^div

olo^

(kB'.)

Kalrot

TTWs"

dv rt^

rrjv

avSpiav

i)

rrjv

(ppovijcnv rj65

(Tvp^rracrav rijv dperrjv rijv
rj

Evayopov
;

(pavepdyrepov eTrcSei^eiev

hid roLovroiV epywv Kal klvSvvcov

ov yap povov (pavelrai

rov? aTCXov^ 7roXep,ov<;

dXXd Kal rov

roov rjpojcov v7rep^aX6fji,evo<;,
ol
p,€v

rov

VTTO

rrdvrwv
rrj^

dvOpcorrcov

vp,vovp,evov-

yap

pueff

d'irdcnj<i
e-^^oav

'EXXdSof Tpoiav
rrjv 'Acriav

povrjv eTXov, 6 8e /iuav ttoXiv

'jrpo'i

drraaav

erroXeprjaev Mcrr

el

roaovroc

ro

7rXij6o<; eyKOip,id^eiv
p^ei^co

avrov

7j^ovXrj6rjcrav, ocroi rrep eKeivov;,
(/ce'.)

troXv dv

Kal rrjv ho^av avrcov eXa^ev.

Tiva(S(S

yap

evpyjaofxev

rwv rore
o-KO-rrolpiev,

yevojievoiv,

el

rom

pbvOov^ d(pevre<i
rj

rrv dXrjOeiav

roiavra

8ia7re7rpayp,evov,

rlva

28

THE EVAGORAS
roqovTOiv /neTa^oXcov iv
09
TOL<i

Trpdy/u.acnv atTiov 'ye'yevrjixevov

;

auTov

fiev

e^ lSkotou rvpavvov Karearr^cxe, ro he yevo<; airav

aTreXrjXafjLevoi^ rrj^
eiravrj'ya'ye,
^'u eiroLrjcrev,

TroXtrem?
he

et?

to.? TrpocrrjKovaa^ rtyu-a? ttoKlv
e/c

tov^;

7ro\iTa<;

/Bap/Sdpov

jjlIv

" EXkr]va<i
8'

e^ dvdvhpcop

he

TroXejjiLKov^,

i^ dho^cov

ovofxa-

(TTov<i,

TOP he TOTTov ctficKTOv okov TTapokajzoiv Kal Travrdiracnv
rj/jiepoorepov

e^rjypLoy/jiivov
TTpos'

Kal irpaorepov Karearrjaev^
puev /SaorcXei

en

he

rovTOi^

eh e-^dpav
yjp

Karacnd^

ovTco'i

avrov

rjfivvcno koXoj^ coar
irepi

deipiur^aTov yeyevf]a6aL top iroXefJuov top

KuTrpop, ore h

avrco

crv fxpuayo'^

^

roaomw

')(^pr]aL/j,(o-

bhirepop avrop irapka^e

tmp

ciXXcop

wad'

6fioXoyou/u,eP(o<i fMeyiaTTjv

avTcp avpuBaXeaOai hvvap,LP
T)<i

et? Trjp pau/jLa)(^iap Trjp irepl
rrj^
''

Kpihov,

yepo/xeprj'i

j3aaiXev^ fiep drrdarj<i
S'

Aala^

Kvpio<; KareaTi],
rr]^;

AaKehaifjLOViOL

dprl tov

T7)p

}]7reipop iropOelp irepl
h'

avroop

KLphvpeueLP rjPayKda6i]aav, ol
po/xLa<i

"EXXr]Pe<i dprl hovXetwi avro-

kTV)(0Vj

'AOr-jpaloi

he

roaourop

eirehoaap

coo-re

tov<;

irporepop

avrwp
el

dp-)(0PTa^ eXdeip ainol<; rrjP
ri^

dp^W

hMaopTa<;.
elpai

69

(«$'.) " flar

epotro

/xe,

tl

pofxi^oi
TCi'i

jxeyicTTOP
e7rt,fieXeia<i

twv
Ta<i

Evayopa
yeyopep,
i)

ireTrpayfiepcop,
tt/oo?

Trorepop

Kal

vrapaaKeud'; Td<i

AaKehai/xopLou<;, i^
iroXeixop,
rj

&p rd

irpoeip'qfikpa
Trj<;

top
i]

TeXevralop
oX^jp

ttjp

KaTdXrj\^tP

/SaaiXei'a'i,

t)]p

tmp

7rpayjj,dTcoP hioiKrjaLP, ei9 iroXXrjp

uTTOpLap ap
fcat

KaraaTairip

del

ydp

fioh

hoKei

pbeyicrTOP

elput
T))p

OavpuaaTOTarop,

KaO'

6

n

dp

avroyp

eTTLarijaco

htdpotap.

70

{'^^ •)

" f^cTT

^l

TiPe^
olp.ai

TMP

7rpoyeyeP7]/jiepcop

hi"

dperrjp
tt}?

dddpaTOL yeyopaaip,
h(op€d<i,
a7]/j.ei0L^

KdKelpop

rj^iaxrOat

TavT7]<;
')(^popop

y^pd)ixepo<i,

on

Kal top epddhe

evTVfxev

-^eaTepop

Kal 6eo(^iXe(jrepop eKelpcov hca/Se^icoKep.

tmp

yap

7]p.L6ewp Tov'i irXelaTOVi Kal tou<;

opo/juaaTOTdTov; evprj-

(70/bcep

Tais p^eyiaTaa avjxi^opal^ ireptTrecropTa^,

Evayopa^

h'

ou pbopop Oaup.arrToraTO'i

dXXd Kal
Tl
ydp

/xaKaptaTOTaTo^i i^

dp')^ij<i

71 MP

hieTeXeaep.
fiep

(fct]'-)

direXLTrep

evhatfioPta<;,

09
el'

TOCovTMP

irpoyopMP eTv^ep,

oXmp

ouhel<i

dXXo<;, TrXrjp

or ISOCRATES.
Ti<;

20
8e kuI

airb
rfi

Kal

tmv civtmv eKelvco yiyovev, toctovtov jvcofir] tmp aWoov SirpjeyKev ware /x>)
rf^^
'

tw

acofxart

fiovov ^a\a/jilvo<;

aWa

Kal

AaLa<;

cnrdcrrj'i

a^io<i elvai

rvpavvelv,

KiiWcara
SiereXecre,

Se KTTjadfiepo^ ttjv ^aa-iXelav ev
dvrjTO'i 8e yepofiepoi;

tcwtt]

top

(iiov

dOdvarov

rijv irepl
/ttj/re

avrov
y/jpco'i

^ip'jjJLiiv

KareXiTre,

TOCTOVTOV
/jbTjre

S" ejBio)

'^povov (oare
iJberaa-)(^elv

rov

ci^oipo^ 'yeveaOat ifkLKiav
'^/l'^/vo-

Twi' voaojv
Trpo?

tmv Sid ravTrjv
o

ri-jv

fievQJV.

Be

toutoi^;,

SoKel
dfia

aTravLcoraTov

eipac

Kat 12

'^aXeTTcoTaTov, euiraiSia'i

TV)(elv

Kal

iroXv-rraihia'^,

ouSe

TovTov

8i7]/jiapT€i>,

dWa

Kal

tovt''

avTM

cruveTreaev.

Kai to

fjbeyicTTOv,
Kol<i

tmv e^ avTov yeyovoTcov ovSev KaTeXtrrev ISlcotlTrpoaayopeuo/jievov, dXXa tov /.lev ^aacXea ovo/juaat
OTi
Tou'i
8'

KaXovfjbevov,

dvaKTa<i, Td<;

8'

dvdaawi. waT

el

Tive<;

tS)V

TTocrjTMV

irepi

tlvo^
a)>>

tmv

Trpoyeyevrjfievcov

vTrep^oXaU

Ke^pr/VTai, XeyovTe>i,

7]v deo<i

ev dvdpcoTTOi^
(fivaiv

?)

Saificop Ovtjto^,

djravTa Ta ToiavTU

irepl

t^v eKeivov

prjdPjvai.

fiaXi<TT

dv dp/xoaeiev.
(^k6
.)

To)v jxev ovv el^

Euayopav TToXXd
a/c/x7}v
Trji;

/mev olfxai, Trapafjied^
r)^;

73

XtTrelv

vaTepl^u) yap t?}?

ifiauTOV,

aKpi-

^

(BecTTepov

Kal
ov

(piXoTrovouTepov

e^eipyaadpLi-jv

dv tov eiraivov
ep,ijv Bvva/j.iv,

TOVTOV

'

/J.r]v

dXXd Kal

vvv,
{X! .)

oaov KaTa
'Eyco
8' S)

tj]p

ovK dveyKWjjblaaTO^ iaTLV.

NlkokXcl^

rjyoufxai

KaXd

fj.ep

elvai /xvrjfxela Kal Td<;

tmv au>[xdTMV

elK6va<;, ttoXv

fievTOi TrXeiovo'i d^la'i

Ta^ tmv irpd^eMV Kal
fioi'ov

t/}?

8iavoia<;,

a9

€v ToU X6yoi<i dv Tt9

Tot9 Te-)(yiKM^ exovai dewpijaecev.

TrpoKpcPO) Be TavTa<; TipMTOv fiev etScb^ tol'? KaXov<i /caya^ou? 74

TMV dvSpMV
fievov<i
ft)9

ov)^
iirl

ovTM^ eVt
Tot?
epyoL<i

TO)

KdXXec TOV
ttj

(TMfxaTO'i aejxvvvo•

Kal

yvM/xr] ^iXoTL/uCOVfxevov^

eireid^ otl Tov<i jxev tvttov^

dvayKalov Trapa tovtol^ elvat
Be Xoyov^ e^eve-)(dr}vaL 6

fjb6voi<i,

Trap"

oh dv

aTadoicn,
'

tov<;

olov t

IcttIv et9 Tr}v

EXXdBa

Kal BtaBodePTa<i ev rat^ tmv ev cppovovv-

Twv Toh

BiaTpi/3al<:
dXXoi,<i

dyaTrdadai, irap
evBoKi/jielv

oh

KpetTTOV ccttcv

?)

irapa
fj,evl~)

diracTiv

Trpo? Be Tovroi'i otl

Toh

T^eTrXaaixevois Kal

Toh

yeypa/xjuevoi,^

ovBeh dv

tijv

tov aMfxaTOi

30

THE EVAGORAS
cfivaiv o/xoi(i)aet€, tov^; 8e

rpoirovi tov<; dX\.7jXo)v Kal Ta<i Siavoia^
evovaa<i paBcov

TU'i iv T0t9 XeyofMei'ot'i

icm

/jiLfieladat roi<i firj

padv^eiv alpou/jbiuoci

aWa
TOi<i

^/aT/crrotf eivao

^ovXonevoi^.

(\a

.)

76'f2v eveKa Kal fidWov eTre)(eipr]aa ypd(f)eLv tov Xoyov tovtov,
rjyovfMGvo'i

Kal aol Kal

aul^ iraLai Kal

TOL<i

dWoa rol^

dir

Evayopou yeyovoai
kXtjctcv,
et T(?
Koa/Ln']aa<i

ttoXu KaXkiaTrjv dv yeveadat ravTrjv nrapdrd^i

dOpolaa^ rdf dperd^;

eKelvov Kal rut

\6yw

irapaSoii]

dewpelv vjmv kuI

avvhiarpl^eiv

avral'^.

77 Tovi

jjiev

yap dWovi
Xva

rrpoTpeTToixev iirl rrjv (f)iXoao(f){av erepovi

e7raivouPTe<i,

^ijXoupre'i

tou?

evXayovfievovi

roiv

avroiv

€K6LvoL<i eTriTijoev/xuTcov iTTiOvfiuxxiVj iyo) he ere

Kalrov<i aov<; ouk

dWoTpboif
Kal

TrapaSely/Jiaat

')^pci)/j,evo<i

dXX!

olKeloi<;

TrapaKaXS,
Xeyeiv Kal
(A-/3'.)

avfifBovXevcj

'n-poae)(eiv

tov

vovv,

ottco^

Kal

7^'rTpdTTeLV
fjit)

/xrjSepcyf rjTrov
jxe

Svv/jaet roov 'EXXrjvcov.
(09
vvi'

Kal

vofjbil^e

KarayiyvcoaKeLV,

a/^eXet?, on, TroAXa/ci?
e/xe XeXri9a<i

aoi htaKeXevofiai irept rdSv avT&v.

ov yap ovr

ovTe TOL"? dXXov<i,

on

Kal irpcoTa Kal

fiovo'i tcop iv rvpavvlSi
e'7TiKe')(ei-

Kal irXovTM Kal
pr]Ka<i,
oi)S'

Tpv(f)al(i

Svrcov <^iXoao^elv Kal -rroveiv

on

ttoXXou? tcov ^aaiXewv Troirjaea ^-rfXcoaavra^
tovtcov twv hcarpijBwv imdu/xecv, dcjiefxevovi

Ti]V a7]v TralSeuaiv

79

e<^

ol'i

vuv Xuiv yatpovcnv.
TTOioo

aXX

o/uLWi

eyoi

tuvt
rolq

elSco<;

ovSev

rJTTOV Kal

Kal 7roi7]aco ravrov, oTrep
eKelvoi,

ev

yu/j,viKol<i

dyOxjiv
ov
T0i9

01

Oearal' Kal yap

TrapaKeXevovrac rcov Spo/xecov
irepl
Trj<i

d7roXeXet/u,fj,evoi<i

dXXd
ovv

TOt<i

vikt]<;

d/xiXXeo(ptXcov

SO/xevoi'i.

i^y } ^E/jiov Toiavra Kal Xeyecv Kal

fiev

epyov Kal
i^

rwv dXXcov

ypd(f)etv,

o)v fieXXo/u,ev cre

irapo^vveiv

opeyecrdai tovtcov, Sivirep Kal vvv Tvy-y^dvei'i iiriOv/jLoov
7rpo(rr]Keo fxrjSev iXXeiirecv

aol Se

dXX' wcnrep ev tm jrapovTi Kal tov
oirco'; d^io<i

XoiTTOv ^povov iTTifxeXetaOai Kal tijv '^v)(r]v dcTKelv,

eaec Kal tov iraTpo'^ Kal
irpoar'jKet

twv dXXwv

irpoyovcov.
(ppovrjaiv,

co?

diraai /nev
S'

irepl

ttoXXov TToietaOai

ttjv

jJudXcaTa
'^prj
S'

81 vpZv

T0Z9 TrXeLaTcov Kal ixeyiaTwv Kvpiot'i oixrcv.
el

ovk

dyairdv,

twv TrapovTcov
el

Tvy)(^dvei<;

o)v

j'/St;

KpetTTcov, aXX'

dyavuKTecv,

tolovto^ jxev o)v avTO^ Tt]v

(j)vacv,

yeyovu)^ 8e

OF ISOCRATES.
TO
fiev

31
e^
dvBpo<i

TTokaLov

tLTTO
jxrj

Aio<i,

TO

K

viToyutoTaTOP

TOiovTOV

TTjv apeT-qv,

ttoXv

Bioi<t€L<;

koI tcSv aXXcov kul twv
8'

ev Tal'i avTOi'i aot Tifxal'^ ovtcov.
TeLv

eaTi
Trj

eVl

crol fir)

oiafiap-

TOVTwv

'

av -yap
irep

e/jb/xevy';

(juXoaocpLO, Koi ToaovTov
jevr'jaei

eViSiScS?,
7rpoar]Kei.

oaov

vvv,

Ta^eco?

tolovto'^,

oiov

ere

— —

NOTES.
§§ 1

— 11.
in

Proem.

Great

men would

be

more

gratified

encomium
magnificent
hitherto

celebration

of their achievements than

by an by the most

funeral

obsequies.

Such encomia, however, have not

been attempted, since

merit of their contemporaries.
will be

men are unwilling to recognise the An attempt at such a composition

made with

reference to Evagoras, great as are the difficulties

with which the orator has to contend as compared with the poet.
§1. Twv
61,
TTOJS
iTTLcfiepOfJi.ei'Uiv,

i.e., toif voyU.t^o/xeV(oj/,

a CTrt^epcrai.
jxtj

Cf.

XIV.
tujv

av Starepetev,

ei

atcrOoLVTO

tov<;

Tat^ov;

Tvy)^a.vovTa<;

vofJiL^ofjievwv (TTvavei rSyv iirouToi'Twi'.

These

vo/xL^ofiei^a

include sacrifices,
Krepea).

libations,
Ixova-LKy,

and funeral
others

gifts (evaytcr/AaTa, xoai,

and the Homeric
you."

"musical performances."
no


;

ActTrovr' ov8c/xtav VTrep^oXrjv, k.t.X.,

"leaving to
5 and 110.
§ 2.
€L

possibility

of

surpassing

Cf.

IV.

Tts

i(TTiv

aia-9i]cn<;,

k-t.X.

cf.
;

XIV.

61,

e"

tls

apa rois

eKCi

cf>p6vr]aLS icTTt Trepl

twv ivudoe yLyvojxivwv twv iruaoe
;

XIX.
Trepl

42,

et Tt's

iarw
IV.

atcr^iycrts
.

Tois Tc^i'eoKjt TrepL
?>ie\6Civ, cf.

-ytyroyueVtoi/.

twv

iTnTrjSev/xaTUiv

.

.

KLv^vvwv,

m " contests." —
§12, IV.
ToiaCra

but in §4, SuXeoL ras
. . .

Trpa^et?, cf.
;

144.—

atiToS

eKctrw, cf. §

14

and

for iKelvos fol-

lowed by
§ 3.

avrds, §^ 48, 52, 65.
cf. §

TWV av8pwv, partitive genitive,
TO.

74.

dvrt toiv tolovtwv,
cf.

i.e.,

avTL Tov
avTt
TYj's

(§ 1) Xaf^eiv.

For similar contraction,
Swaftis
rj

VI. 64,
;

avToi/o/Atas ets TroXXas kol Setvas avofXLa<; ijjLTreTTTWKao-LV

VIII.

77,

olvtI

t^s TToAiretas
ciivotas eis

ctti

TOdo.vT-qv a.KoXacTLav
/micros

r]

r)[xa<;

TrpoT^yayev
rj

AvtI Se

TTJ'i

joaovrov

Karecm^crei/.

tov

fSiov, i.e.,

Trepl


NOTES.
Tov piov.
cf. §


33

Isocrates generally omits the second proposition after ^;

61

;

but not always,

cf. §

§ 4. ol 8e Trepi Tr]V p.ov(TiKr}v,
fLOVcriKrjv kol
ol irepl ttjv

74. " the musicians "
;

;

cf. §

50,

oi Trcpi

Tr)v

aWrji/ TraLoevcTLv

§ 8, ot Trepi rrju <f)L\ocrocj>iav
ol /juev

ovres
in

;

§ 10,

ot Trepi

tovs koyovs.
to
ot
-n-epl

The following
rrjv

partitive apposition

fxova-CKyv.

— i^epyd^ovTat

.

.

.

ot Se
.

are
. .

KarecTTrjcrav.

For the gnomic
. . .

aorist coupled
.
. .

with the present,
;

cf. I.
. . ,

6, auy'jXdxrev

Icttlv

;

I.

1 ayaTroicrt
,

St€/\i;o"e
;

I.

33, TrpdrTovcrt

7rpoa-€^r]ixLM(T£

;

I.

47, iXvinjO-qcrav
§ 30, 1).

.

.

e^^o/xcv

IV. 4G, SicXvOrjaav

.

,

.

ia-Tiv

(Goodwin,
Tovs
;

§ 5.

icj)'

atiToiv

=

roll's

KaO' avTov<; (§13), " their contemporayevofxeva
;

ries "

cf.

XIV.

40,

TO,

i(ji'

rj/xOyv

VII. 69,

evrt rrys

SrjfxoKpaTias.

Kocr/xetv,

"celebrate,"
tVa rats
;

sc. A,oyw,

omitted because
" in
ir^pl

TroLovp-evoL tovs ^6yov<s

follows.

uXrjO.
cf.

ixpdvTo,

order that they might have

spoken the truth "
aX7]6eiaL<;.
cf.

VIII. 38,

wv

dTropo), -n-orepa )(p-^awp,aL rats

On

the

plural

of abstract
p.^rpLOT-qra';.

nouns,

frequent

in

Isoc,

Sandys' note on IV. 11,

The secondary

tenses of the

indicative are used in final clauses after tVa, to denote that the end

or object
is

is

dependent upon some unfulfilled condition, and, therefore,
This construction
(.vXoyrifTovTai,
is

not, or

Greek.
sense,
§
cf.

was not, attained. Goodwin, § 44, 3.
Farrar,
§

peculiar to Attic

future

middle in passive

89.
yevop..,

6.
is

Tous

iir€KCLva

"those who lived

in

earlier

times."

Isoc.
etc.
;

thinking of Hercules, Theseus, the Ai'gonauts, the Epigoni,

cf. 6 i-n-eK€iva )(p6i'o<;,

yeyevrip.€i/a,

VI. 41. On the other hand, " what happened in times nearer our own,"

to.

iirl

raSc
also
;

§

37

;

of place, iV. 118.

The former
generally

(eTre/cetra)

is

regularly written
vp.vovp.ivov<i

v<^' cv

the

latter

(eVt

rdSe)

separately.
cf.

koX

rpay.,

"praised

in

songs

and tragedies";

XV.

ycyevT] p. fvovs rCiv ahopiivuv koX Tpaytahovp-evoiv
6r]a-6p.€vov.

— avTov

136,

TrXetWos a^tovs
.

Trpou^rj

.

.

d^tw;

Goodwin,

§§

For the predicative participle, see Curtius, §§ 589 593 112 113. " When any of these verbs has for its object

an accusative of the reflexive pronoun referring to
participle agrees with the reflexive.

its

subject, the
Sct^'^w

Thus we may have
done
cf.

ip-avrov

TovTo

TreTTotij/coTa,

I shall
§

show

that I have
;

this, for Sei^o)
ala-66.vop.ai

rovro

TreTTOLrjKu)?"

Goodwin,

113, note 2

X. 29,

ipavTOV

3


34
e^oj
<ji€p6fji€vov

— —

— ———
NOTES.


;

Ttov Kaipwv.

vTTep/SdXXr), cf. § 45,

IV. 82
cf.

;

and

for the

middle in the same sense
T0U5 (f>9ovovvTa<; ert
i/ovv ix^i'Ta?.

§ 65, III. 11.
inro

KaKov,

XV.

13, /3ov\ofxai

[xaWov

t^s vocrov

TavTr]<; \vn-€i(r6ai.

§ 7, tov<;

The agent in this impersonal construction is sometimes (as here) expressed by the accusative, generally by the dative. Such verbals take an object in the same case which would follow their verbs. Goodwin, § 114, 2; cf. Remark 2, cf. Plat., Crit., p. 49 A.,
with Wagner's note (eKovras
aAA.a)s t' iTreiSr] koi, is less

aBiKrjreov ehmi

=

eKwras

Seiv dStKctv).

common, but more
ras
§

forcible than
cf.

aXXws

re

Koi

iTTeiSr]

(Sandys on IV. 66).

cTriSoo-ets,

VII. 40,

€7rtSoo-is

icTTiv eK TLVos,

and

iTvihoa-iv
cf.

Xa^/3av€LV
rov<;

48, IV. 10.

For

cTTiStSovat in

the same sense,
sc. TO.

§ 68.

i-n-avopOovvTas,

"those

who amend,"
For the middle

KaOea-Twra;

cf.
cf.

XII. 200, eTrrjvwpOovv tov Xoyov.
IV. 165,
1. 3.

in the

same sense,

tl

klvcIv twf,

" to make some

alteration in," cf. § 63, VII. 30.
§ 8.
a-rjfjieLov
.
. .

yap,

cf. §§

51, 58, 72

;

IV. 87 (with Sandys' note).

The explanatory "for"
sometimes
VIII.
in

after a-qpidov 8e- TeK/x-qpLov Se- K€cf>aXaiov Se- to

8k /xeytcTTov 6 8e irdvTwv SeivoraTov is generally

omitted in English,

Greek,

e.g.,

VII. 83.

Cf. the fuller
;

form

in Herodot,
I.

120, /Acya 8e Kol To8e
TOVTOV KOL ToSc.
cfiiX.

TeK/xi/jpiov

Xenoph., Anab.,
(f)lXo(TO(f)LaV
T]

9,

29,

TCKfJirjpLOV Se

01 TTCpl Tr]V

OVT€S
Trepl
;

',

cf.

V. 84,
Xoyov;

oi

Trepl

TTjv
)

8taTp(j8oi/T€?

and also IV. 10,
;

tov<;

<f>iXo(TO(j)la

VIII. 145,

<^iXo(ro</)os

IX. 78,

<f)LXoao(fi€LV

IV. 47, IX.
in

77,

81.

<j)LXoaocfiia.

On

the peculiar sense of

cf>LXo(TO(f>ia

Isoc,

see Sandys' notes on IV. 10, 47 (" It
Tj

indicates

a combination of

roXiTtK-q and rj pr]TopiKr], in which the latter generally predominates ") and Jebb's Attic Orators, II. xiii ("The 'Philosophy' of Isocrates is tbe art of speaking and of writing on large political subjects,

considered as a preparation for advising or acting in political

affairs ").

TToAA'^v (Tvyyvutfxrjv, cf. IV. 82.
§ 9.
Kocr/xoi,

ornaments of speech, such as epithets.
" represent,"
cf. §§

olov

t',

sc.

€o-rt

iroirjaai,

10 and 36.

tois Teray/xevot? ovo/Aao-ii',

"in the current expressions," called
fcal, cf.

TroAtTtKois in

§10.

dXXa,i.e.,

dXXa

IV. 188.
;

feVois, " dialectic

and obsolete words," the so-called

yXwcro-aL

Kaivd

ovo'/x.,

" newly-forrfted

words";
tj

[j.era(f>opaL,

"meta-

phors "
;

cf.

Dionys.,

De Comp.

Verb., 25, kol

eKXoyrj twj/ ovo/xdroiv /xiya


NOTES.
Tt

;

35
yX(x>TTr]fxaTLKwv re koI ^evuiv

BvvaraL, koI

t(jTi

ris

ovofxaaia

ttoltjtlkt^,

Kol rpoTTLKiiiv Koi Tr€Troirjfxivwv,

and Isoc, XIII. 16

sq.

etSecre,

SC.

twv

§.

10. Tois

7r€pi

Tovs

X.6yov<;,

"the prose writers," opp. to
§§ 8, 11.

tois

TToiT/Tais, § 9.
cf.

So Xoyos of prose
Tu)v

dTroTo/Ato?,

"absolutely";

VI. 50, ovSkv

TotovTMV

icTTLV

aTTOTO/xcos ovTe

KUKOV ovT aya96v,
or style

aW ws av ^Tjcnjrat rt? rots Trpdyfjcacn. — TroXtrKfots of language
" suited to a
at proprius
K.T.X., et

citizen's

common

life,"

" received," the " notus civilisque
S., s. v.).
IvOvixyjjxaTUiv Tot<; inpl,

sermo"
ipsis

of Suet. (L.

and

enthymematibus

(vel sententiis), quae circa res ipsas versantur

(vel ex rebus
ev6vfjir]iJi.a).

oriuntur),

necesse est utantur (Mitchell,

s.

v.


;

otiSevds.

The orator

does, however, aim at cvpv6fx.ia and

crvpLfxcTpia

cf.

XIII. 16, XII. 33.

av koI

rfj Xe'^ei

.

.

.

e)(rj

kqkws.
cf,

The
Dem.,

impersonal
330.
6,

^x^l KaXCo?,

KaKw?, ovrcos with dat. rei
Tovruiv
rfj <^v(tcl
;

is

rare,

ovT<x)<;

ovv

i)(^6vT(xyv
;

Aesch., Choeph., 740, 8o/xots

8c TotsSe TrayKOLKws e^ei

the dat. pers.

is

more frequent; Soph., EL,
cf.
;

816, apd

fjLOL

KaXws

c^^'-

§11. eKeWev, IV. 40, IX. 39

"from
c/cetvws,

the

following consideration;"
;

;

XI. 19

ivOevHe

III.
cf.

31,

rjv

yap

rts, k.t.X.

Plat.,

Repub., p. 601, B.,
pvOfJiCo

idv

T€ Trepl <TKVTorop.ia<; rts Aeyr;

ev

/xeTput

Kal

KoX dpjJiovLa,

Trdw

ev So/cetv Aeyecr^ai, idv re vepl (TTpaTr^yi'a? idv
(fivcTeL

T6 7r€pL
€)(€LV.

aWov

OTOVovv OVTO)

avTo.

ravra [xeydXriv Ttva
xp'J^P-dTOiv

KyjXrjaLV

eTTcl
i(f>

yvp.viode.VTa

ye twv t^s
oip.ai ere

fxov(TLKyj<;

rd

tu)V iroLrjTwv,

avra

avTU)v Xeyojxeva,

elbevac oia <f>atveTaL

o/xws Kaiirep.

The participle expressing opposition or limitation is often strengthened by KatVep or Kai. "Ojlcws, "nevertheless," may be connected with the
participle,

belonging,
§ 109. 7,

however, grammatically to the leading verb.
5.

Goodwin,
12

and note

This

is

freq.

in Isoc, cf. §§ 61, 79,

XV. 272, XVII.
§§

^—iyKUip.ia'C6vTm>.

See on

§ 34.

— 20.
TTfpi

Ancestors

of Evagoras,

Zeus,

Aeacus,

Teucrus,

the

founder of Salamis.
§ 12.
T-iJs

The Teucrids

lose Salamis

through treachery.
;

(f>v(re(ji<s,

" concerning the origin, descent of Ev. "

Kal
4,

TLVdiv Tjv dir. is

an explanatory addition.

For

^wo-ts,

cf.

Ep. VIII.

aicr^pov V/XU9 tov? €vSoKLfx.ovvTa<; irapd rots aAAots Kal p.eTa(T)(()VTa<; ttJs

avnj?

<f>v<Teio<;

irepiopdv

Trap'

crepois
;

/xcToi/cowras.
cf. §

irepl

Tri<;

<f)V(r€w<;

depends apparently on

TrpoeiriaTavraL

21, iTriaraa-dai irepi Ttvo9


36
ib.


NOTES.


;

,

avveiSevai

irepi

rtvos

;

Ep., IX. 8, iv$vfJ.€2a6aL

;

IV.

5,

/xefxvrjadaL
;

V. 109, /jLveiav irouiaOaL

;

IX.

9, 33,
;

SrjXovv

;

V. 9, Sie^teVat

IV. 65,

y

imSeLKVvvaL

;

III. 61, Karrjt^opeiv
is

XVI.

19,

iJiefji.(]3e(T6aL,

after all

which

verbs a simple case

more

usual.

See on §

2,
cf.

Stepx^o-^at.

—The
par-

unemphatic
§ 13.
airo
oltt'

Trepl

avTwv might have been omitted,
cf. §

VII. 62.
;

Aids,

72, TWF e^ avTov -ycyovdrwr
;

§ 76, aol kul rots

aAAots

Evayopov
"

yeyovdcri

§

81, yeyovws

ajro
is

Aids.

titive genitive

among

these."

—rourwv,

u7r€/3/3(xAA.ovTas

used absolutely as

in § 14, vTrepejSaXXev, § 41, ouk cv tootois VTrep/^aWop.evo'i ev tois aAA.ois evpi67]aeTaL KaraSeecrTepos
§ 14.
TO.
yei'd/;i£i'os.

toCto
§ 9,

fxep,

" on the one hand," ace. of respect, like
8e,

to. /xcv
§

.

.

.

8e in

is

not here followed by tovto
toC Se yevov;
.

since Isoc. in
cf.

16
oi

changes the construction.
TrpoyovoL
fjckv

.

.

7rpdyoj/os,

IV. 61,

rwv

ev AaKeSaLfxovL fiaaLXevovTWV, eKyovoL 8' 'HpaKXeovs.

yevo/xevo)v av)(jxwv.

For the story

of

Aeacus,

cf.

Diodor., IV.

61,

29, Appolod., III. 12. 6, and Grote, vol. I., chap. x. rjXOov iKeTewTcs, " they came and entreated him " (but Pausan., I.e.,

Pausan.,

II.

aTTocTTeXXova-iv

AiaKov

Serjo-op.ei'ovs) .

The

pres. part,

is

often thus used

with verbs of motion, not expressing purpose (which would require
the
fut. part.), ikcVt^s

but contemporaneous action.
tovtwv,
ows
e^airoiv

Goodwin,
i/XOe.

194,

yevd/ytevos

§

16;

cf.

XII.
;

rrj^

evae/Seia?

cf.

Plutarch, Thes., 10, Aia/cdv 'EXX-jviav oaiMTarov vofXL^ecrOaL.
§

15. Upov, the

AtaKctov, Pausan.,
.

I.e.

cKcivdv re

.

.

.

cVciStj

re.

Blass alters re ... 8k into re

.

.

re, in

order to avoid anacoluthon, as

also (e conj. Bekk.) in XII. 212, eV re rois iracalv eiSoKLfJitlv fiaXXov
tCov ciXXiov,

eTTciSav t' eis uv8pa<;
eXdcrcnji
iiyuits
.

avvTeXwaLv.

But
;

cf.

Thucyd.,

I.

11,

Tov re (TTpaTov
€7raiv€o-ovTas T€
cf.

rjyayov, cTretS^ Se, k.t.X.
.

Xen., Anab., V.

5, 8,

.

eTreira 8e

;

Eur., ylZc, 197.
I.e.,

fxeTt^XXa^e tov /3lov,

VI. 17.

Tt/x.as

c^wv TrapeSpevetv, Apollod.,
is

ras

kA-cis

tov "AiSod

(jivXaTTeL.

According to others he

judge in the lower world along
irapeSpeviLv,

with Minos
beside,"
8p€i;oi?;
oiis

and Rhadamanthus.
Eur., Ale, 745
ttws ov
</>r)(jai

For

"sit

constantly

cf.

(aya^wv), p-erixova "At8ov vvp.^a. Trape-

Demosth., LX. 33,

XPV

'''Ovtov<;

€ii8at/xovas

vop.it,i.a6aL

irapiSpov; eiKdrws av tis
;

toi? Karco ^eots etvai (ci.

Anstoph.,

Man., 765

toi/

apidTOv Xap.(iav€w dpovov tou nXox;Ta)vos e^^s). Tropc-

Spcveiv is also

used of judges, "to be an assessor.'

— —
NOTES.


;

37
For Telamon's part
daughter of
Kevravpov?

§ 16, eVt AaojxiSoiTa, Horn.,
in
this

II.,

V. 638, sqq.

undertaking,
as

and

how
8.

he received Hesione,

Laomedon,
apicrT£V(Ta<;,

dpto-Tcta,

see

Apollodor., II. 6. 4.
aX\ov<;, e.g.,

Trpos

ApoUodor.,

III. 13.

the siege of lolchos

(Apoll., III. 13, 7), that of

Troy

in the time of

with the Amazons, and the Argonautic expedition.
II.,

Laomedon, the contest ©eVtSt, cf, Hom.,

XVIII, 432,

aOavaTrj pr. V, Bk., ceteri aOavaTia.
e.g.,

Isoc. elsewhere

uses the regular fern, d^ai/aro?,
fxovov TovTov

§§

3,

71, but not of persons.

depends on

yd/x,ots.

vtto

Oewv, viz., Apollo
III.,

(Hom.,

II.,

XXIV.
§ 17.

63), or the

Muses (Pindar, Pyth.,

90),

or the Parcae

(Catull., Epithal., 306).
iy€V€(r9r]v is
;

made

to agree with the apposition.

{3apf3dpov^,
koivtjv

the Trojans
(TTpareLav
yeuofxevijDV
of,

cf.

X. 67,

€vpT]crofxei/

tous "EAAryvas
;

8t'

'EXevr/v

iiri

tovs ^ap/3dpovs

Trotr/crayuevovs

XII. 189, rpiwv

TroX.ip.oiV
;

avev tov TpwLKOv rots

EXXtjctlv irpos rous /3ap/3dpov<;, k.t.X.

XII. 42.
§.

18.

p.cT' iKelvov

of Horn., II.,

XVII. 279 (Od.,
not
ttoiwv, since

XL

550).
[xer

A?as,

OS Treot /xkv ctSos, Trepl Kepya rervKTo twv
Tlr]\eiuyva, II. , 11.

aXXwv Aavawv

dp.vp.ova

768, sq.

irofqaa'i,

the choice of the

name preceded
construction
cf.

the foundation of the city.

rrjs TraTpL8o<;.

For another
See

XL

10, bp.u)vvp.ov av-n]
x.
;

rrjv

^wpav

KaracrTrjaaL.

Grote, vol.
§ 19, e^
first."

I.,

chap.

Hor., Od.,
of old";

I. 7.

dpxrj'S,
^'

"from

cf

IV, 26, Kara
cf.

p-kv

dpxd'i,

XP'^^V

va-Tepov,

"some

time after";

X. 26.

"at The more

usual forms are ttoXXw

xP'^vo),

or (Spaxe-l XP'^vo) (Xen., Cyr., V. 3, 52)

or oXiyw, TToXXw alone before va-repov.

Trio-rcu^eis.

For the personal
I.

passive of vei'bs which in the active govern a genitive or dative see

80 (with Sandys'
§

note).

20. d-TncTTwv, K.T.X.

There

is

here Chiasmus, since
tois imrpa.yp.evoL'?,
avroi/
;

ttjv vrja-ov

.

.

.

KaTe?iovXo}(T€v is
i$€(3ap[3dpc,i(re

explained by
/3ovX6p.evo<;
.

(xttio-twi/
. .

and

Tr]V ttoXlv

note).

— " At

by

to. -nepl

cf.

L

7 (with Sandys'

the time of the Ionic revolt Salamis

Greek princes (Her., V, 104 name Siromos (Hiram) may perhaps be accounted for, as Professor Rawlinson suggests, by intermarriage. Mr. Grote would place the dispossession of the Greek dynasty by the Phoenician
of the Phoenician

was governed by 114), the appearance in whose family

— — —
38
usurper
probable.
that he,


;

NOTES.
about 450
b.c.
(vol.

IX., chap. Ixxvi).

This seems very

But to my mind the words of Isocrates convey the notion at any rate, imagined the Phoenician usurpation to have

taken place

much

earlier."

Professor Jebb's

yii^tc

Orators, II., p. 109.

iif/Sap/Sdpwo-e, cf. § 47.

29. Birth of Evagoras. §§ 21 time of his accession.
§ 21.

His youth and manhood up to the
descendants of the usurper.
I.
i.

Twv eKyovwv twv
cf.

iKeivov, the

yiyverai for the pres.,
TTuiSes

yiyvovrai

hvo.

— ^fxa^,
Xen.,

Xen., Auah.,

1, Aapet'ov /cat XlapDcraTiSos

chance utterances,

regarded by
Cluer's

the

hearers
fxavTclai,

as

omens,

cf.

Mem.,
^T^/xai

I.

i.

3

(with

note)
also in

oracular responses.

and fxavrdai are joined
(fiavecr)

Plato, Phaed., p. Ill C.

/xet^dvws av

yeyovws

rj

Kar

av^pwTroj/,
cir-

"it would appear that there was something superhuman in the

cumstances

of his

birth."
rj

For
ttjv

/xet^di/ws

cf.

XV.
-^

39,

XI.

24,

vTrokajx^dvecrdaL /Aei^dvws

Kara

d^iav;

and
cf.

for

Kara (quam pro)
34, roa-ovrov Sew
is

after a comparative IV. 184.
im6v/jLiLv,
u)a-T€

Toaovria Sew,
virapxovTOiv,

III.

IV. 134.

—rwv

" of that which

really

true,"

TO.

VTrdp)(ovTa= TO. ovra

42),

cf.

IV. 88.

Trepi,

ojv

cTTto-ravTai.

See on

§ 12.

§ 22. Toiv dyaOCiv, partitive

genetive depending on

a-n-ep, cf. I.

42.

TqXi.KovTOL%,

" thoa^

who
2.

are so

young";

cf.

VI. 3, but in XII. 88,

" those who are so old."
see

av

ns

iroL-qaaLTo.

Goodwin,

§ 52,

twv rjktKLWTwv

KparLa-Tevetv,

For suppressed "to be

protasis
first

of

them."
§

24. ot ToVe jSaaiXevovTes.

The

plural indicates either the king of

Salamis and neighbouring kings, or else the king of Salamis and his
family.

ei

Kol

Siayayetv (sc. jSiov). ev tStwrov /aepet, "in a private station." must be distinguished from koI d, the former being used to
is

express a condition, which, though not disputed,
little

represented as of
is itself

moment

;

the latter to

show

that the condition
in
ei

altogether

improbable.

Sometimes, however, the koI
;

kol refers to a single
/-to',

word, as here to aAA,os
)(povov
TTWTTOTe

cf.

XXI.
av

11, NtKtas

d
.

koL t6v dXXov
8e,

eWuTTo

crvKO(f>avT€Lv,

TOT

av iiravaaTO, YivOvvovs
iTrrjpOrj.

^uvorjdrj

dStKeiv,

tot

Kal

d

fJirjBe

avTOv<;

.

.

aurots.

avTols

here refers to the subject of the principal sentence.


NOTES.
§

.

39

25.

TTJs So^Tjs

irapaXX.,
§

" although then- opinion of him changed
7.

so

much," Goodwin,
45.

109,

ecrxev,

oVios

.

.

.

XijiperaL.

For the
Goodwin,

fut. indie,

after a historical tense in this construction see
jxev
. . .

§

ocra

ravra

jxh,

k.t.X.,

cf.

IV.

60 (with Sandys'
cy

note).
§

26.
OL

els

yap

t(1.v

SvvaaTevovTwv,

" one of the powerful nobles."
to

By

8wao-r€j/ovT€s

here Isoc.

seems

mean

the

great

men

of

^

The slayer of the Phoenician usurper was Abdemon, a Citian according to Theopompus (Fray. Ill) a Tyrian according to Diodoi'us (XIV. 98). Movers thinks that he may have been a native of
Salamis.
;

Citium,
II., p.

who had migrated from Salamis
109; Grote, ch. Ixxvi).

to

Tyre (Jebb's Attic Orators,
not
7roii;o-ete


in

e/<7roSwv iroirjcraiTO,

(which
;

was the reading before Bekker), the middle being used
also eKTToSwV not €K7ro8wi/.
§ 27.

in this

phrase

Kav CK

T.

€K7r€craja-t,

which case they might naturally be
endurance of misfortune
is
;

expected to exhibit

/x€yaA.o<^pocrvV>; in their

TaTreti/orepas ras ij/vxa<;

more desponding (than
of

wont

to be the

case
see

in misfortune).

For the position
'ETrdvoSos

the

adjective

and

article

Farrar, §§ 19, 20.
§ loiav

28. Tr]v KadoSov.
TTurptSa,

//.ev

yap

ecrri

to eTraveXdelv TLva

£is rrju

i^eXOovra ef '^PX^^j

/xrySevos
t)

jStaa-afJievov,

Ka^oSos

Si,

orav Tts aKOJv

dTroSv^/xrycrry

koI ^ijyuSev^'jj,

o-up,^opas Tivos Trporjyrjcrafxevr)^

^ Blo. (fio^Ov Tvpdvvojy iq rt roiovrov. Schol. ad loc. See Sandys' note on IV. 61. TavT-qv ucjiopfxyv, " since he took that as his standpoint,

which;"
cf.

a(f>opfxy]v,

without

article,

because predicative, Curtius,
a(f)opfJia<i i)(prJTo ttj T€)(i'rj,

§

389

;

XIX.

6, Xafiwv Sk ©pdcruAAos Tavras

IV. 61
.

Since

TixvTriv is

followed by an explanatory apposition (apivvicrBai

.

.

vTrapx^i-v) rovTo, oTvep

would have been more regular
WiXTqa-wfxei'.—^VTrep
Tpo(f)i]v

;

but

cf.

VII. 16,

TavTijv
ellipse

airoTpoTT-qv,
cf.

y]v

XPVy
xpij

^^-

Xafieiv.

For the
kuXus
is

IV. 38.
[yv

ivpelv,

^virep
',

TOi'S

iJilXXovTa<;

BioiK-qaetv
ap)(rjv,

-mp

xprj,

sc.
;

TroL-qaacrOaL

the

antecedent of
8'

rp'irep

Sandys ad

loc.)

IV. 76,
;

u7rei;^oi/TO
cf.

wcnrep ^p?) roJv

ixrjSkv

TTpocrqKovroiv.
ap-vvopLivot
;

VTrdp^eti', se. uSi'kwv

XVI.

41, ouS'

ap.vvupLivo<;, i.XX

iirapxiiv

is

pleonastic.

TrpoeXo/via/os,

— "since he resolved." — ws
virapxy^v rjSiKets.

VIII. 79, ov^

i^rupi^oi'Tfs oAA.'

TTporipov;
ot r.
tt.

Xeyovres, SC. Xe'yovcrt.

——
40
§

——
NOTES.


is

29.

/xeA-A-oj/ros.

"The
is

genitive absolute

regnlarly used only

when

a

new

subject

introduced into the sentence, and not

when

the

participle can be joined with

any substantive already belonging
110.
it

to the

construction.

Yet

this rule is

sometimes violated in order to give
§

greater prominence to a participial clause." Goodwin,

1,
is

note

5

;

of.

VII. 76.

Too-ovTiov,

" with so few."
dpi0fj.6v

In

this

sense
[Cf.

not

followed by ro 7r\r]6os (§ 65), or t6v

(XVI. 34).

however
This
is

XII. 70, vrjavSpia TrjXiKavTa TO

fxeyeOo'i,

" SO small in size."]

apparently the reason
T-qXiKavT-qv to /xeye^os,

why

Is.

does not write toctovtwv to

ttXtjOos koI

and the want of conformity
fji.eye6o<;,

separation of TrjXiKavTrjv from to
&£K€tTo
Trfv
yvwfjLTjv.

is
.

concealed by the
. .

Sicnrep
9,

e^wv

.

.

.

ovto)

See Goodwin,
Tr]v

§

109, note

and

cf. II.

12, ws

T>}s TratSevcreos

8vvo-/J.evr]<;

rjfxeTepav f^vauv euepyeretv, ovto) StaKctcro
eXey^^oj/,

T-qv

yvuipuriv

;

VI. 106, Mcnrep ovv SiSovs

ovTOi BtaKuaOo) T'qv

§§ 30
§ 30.

— 40.

Evagoras regains the throne of

his

ancestors.

The
cf.

greatness of this achievement.
ev a(T(f>aXeta
KaTaa-Tr](ra<;.

For

this

unusual construction
;

JSp., II. 11,
5,

IX. 43, iv

eTTt/xeXetats

avTov KaracrrT^cras

Xen.,

C'ij7\,

IV.
cf.

27,

ev KLv8vi'(i} KadiCTTavaL.
CIS

For the more usual construction
;

V.

123,

acre^aXetay

Karacrrv^o-eis
is

XII.

158,

Karacrr^crat

£ts

Kivhvyovi,

&c.

[Cobet's correction

kv

dcri^aAet].

The
et,

participles

are in the nom., being attracted
(to see)

by

^yfjcraTo.

TrepitSeiv

"to wait

whether."
;

ev6v<;, Zicnrep d^'s^, cf.

Thuc, VIII.

41, Xen., Anah.,

Cyr., III. 1. 7. There is here no pleonasm, for wo-Trcp el^e IV. 1, 19 Coraes was, therefore, wrong in is not " statim," but " as he was."

regarding ev^us as a gloss, on

wa-n-ep ei;^e.

TavTrj<?

t^s vuktos, " on that
C.

memorable night." For oStos emphatic cf. Plat., Phaed., 69, SieXwv, " having broken open," Thucyd., IV. 110, VI. 51.
§
cf.

31. Tu)v aXXwv,

i.e.,

of those attacked.
;

tl

Set.

Xeyovra

8iaTpi)3etj/,

IV. 97 (with Sandys' note)
;

VI, 21, also II. 45,--rSv

irepl t.

.

is

subject

drTaywj/tcrrwv predicate, Curtius, § 378.
fji6vo<;
.
.

§ 32. Koi

.

Koi
or'

jx€t

oXtywr,

"either alone, or

.

.

."

;

cf

Hom.,
I,

Odijss., II.

374,

av euSeKaTT] re SvwSeKoiTTy re yeVi/rat

;

Thucyd.
;

82, SieX^dvTwv

eTuyv kcli

8vo koX Tpiwv (with Shilleto's note)

Verg.,
his-

Georg., IV. 18, 19 (^tith Kennedy's note on 25).

rots 4>iXoi.s,

;

NOTES.
adherents in the town.

41

" The date of the restoration of the Teukrid

dynasty by Evagoras cannot be exactly determined.
in

At his death,
is

874

B.C.,

he was ov yjypws

a/xotpos (§ 71).

Andokides

said to

have visited Cyprus just

after the fall of the

Four Hundred, which

reigning at Salamis [Lys.] in A?tdok., § 28.
that Evagoras began to reign

took place in the autumn of 411 b.c, and to have found Evagoras Mr. Grote concludes

"about 411 or 410
take),

b.c." (411 b.c. is

probably the latest year

we can

justly observing

that

"he

must have been a prince not merely established, but powerful, when he ventured to harbour Konon in 405 B.C., after the battle of
iEgospotami
§ 33. ov
(vol.

X.

p.

25)."

Jebb's Attic Orators,
.
.

II., p.

110.
that," or,
9,

fjLTjv

aXXd, "not indeed
=: ov
fxy]v
[e/c

.

but," or,

"not but
oAA.'
. .

"nevertheless"
/JiTjV

rwv

TrpoeipT^/xevcov]
ecrri
croL

.

cf. I.

ov

[cK
;

Twv 'HpaKXeovs kol Or^crcws epyow
IX. 78, ov
fxrjv
;

KaTafxaOe'Lv\ dA-Xa Kai,

K.T.A..

[oT/Aat

-TToXAa
/xrjv

TrapaAcTretv,]

dAAa

kol vvv

ovk

av€yKu>fXLa(TT6<;
i<liL\oi'iKy]aav.

ian

IV. 85, ov

[vrept

KaKaJF]

aXXd

irepl

koXXlotmv
VI. 29,

€k tu)V

€;^o/u,ei/aJi',

" from what follows";

CK

Twv

e)(^oix€V(.ov

yvwa-earOe

cra(f>€(TTepov.

cf.

SyjXo'yaeLV,
ej^ei

either intransitive
irpos yp-a^, €k

" will be clear," as in VII. 81, ws 8e fSaaiXev?
cTTto-ToA-wv
oiu
€7r€//.i//ei/

twv
IV.

e'ST^AcDcrcj/

;

or,

more probably
T.

transitive

;

cf.

179,

ot/u-at 8' e/ceiVw? ctTrwi'
. . .

p,a\.Xov St^XoWciv ttjv, k.t.X.

§ 84. 7rpo9 eKaaTOV

ras Trpd^ets

E.

7rapa(SdXXoip.€v.

For the
object
is

common Greek
itself, cf.
J

contraction

by which the quality
(vXoyetv

of an

compared, not with that of another object, but with that other object
11,
€1 (ol

Aoyot)
;

^vvijo-ovTo.i.

yu,7;8ev ^i^etpov

twv

kv rot?

jxiTpoL<; iyK0)fjitat,6vT(x)v

§ 29, crrparoTre^ov e^iov KpeirTOv
cf.

twv avTLirdXuiv
Ta/cei

for the fuller construction
Tois iv6d8e, KOI Tr]v
Kaipols,

XII. Ill, Trapa^dAAovres
Trpos rds

KaOearwra

aoi^^poa-vvqv

Trap
is

yjplv

6A.tywpias.

plete

"the occasion (for which this oration enumeration might lead him away from
;

designed) "; a com-

his

main design.

— —

rots

eVt

TouTwv, " in respect of these"
CTTiSei^ctc;

cf.

VI. 44,
rtvos.

i-n-l

TavTr]<;

uv rt? r^s ttoXcoj?

VIII.

114,

opav

eVt

clcrw/xci'.

On
and
I.

the
45.

"Attic

future," see Sandys' notes on IV. 174,

8toptot'p.ei',

("As

a

verb of varied usage
c^crdcro),

may

bo quoted c^erd^w, which generally has

and

in

also Curtius, § 2G3,

See one passage only [Isoc, Evar/., § 84] c^erw "). and Papillon's Manual of Comparative Philoloinj.


42
("The term
incorrect,


NOTES.


grammarians,
is


;

'Attic future,' applied by old

really

many

of the forms in question being found in
{e.g.,

Homer
ov ("less

while in some verbs
the cr"), p. 215.

SiKa^w) the Attic dialect invariably retains

crvvTOfjuorepov.

On compar. adverbs
see Sandys' note

in

frequent than those in
[xevecTTepuis.

— ws"),

on IV. 163, ippw-

§ 35.

Twv

.

.

.

TrapaXa(36vT(x)v IS

dependent on

Trpo/cptvetev.

Trarptfcas

ySacrtXetas.

The ancients distinguished
(as

Trarpwos,

" descending from

father to son," (as property, fortune), from trarpios,

"handed down
;

from our forefathers,"
jraTpiKOs is

manners, customs,

institutions)

while

used chiefly of " hereditary " friendships and feuds.
is

This

distinction

to a certain extent
all

good
32,

in Att., but

Hom. used

Trarpwos

only, and in

these senses, and the Att. Poets often follow him,
Trarpwos
I. 2.
;

L. and

S.,

s.v.

cf.

§

Tt/x,as

Ttts

TTarptous iKop-Lcraro,
cf.

and

Sandys' note on
ocTTts

=

pa^u/x,os,
§

"
I.

inditferent to fame,"

IV. 185.

ojcrrc,

Goodwin,

65,

note

5,

cf.

IV. 185 (with Sandys'

note).
§ 36.
Trap'

KOL

p.rjv,

"and

further,"
;

"moreover;"
XII. 18, ovSlv
eTrtcTTaTai.

so dXXa
Trap'

p.-^v §

37.
;

avTwv, " of themselves"
Trj<;

cf.

avrwv Xiyovres

XV. 223, xapa
§ 37.
CTTi

avTov ^uo-ecos
(Troteiv), cf.

oo"Tt9

^

Trepi Ttvos, octtis.

For the play on words
TaSe.

Sandys' notes on IV. 119, 186.
koL
ttX^Icvtol
;

See on
is

§

6.

kcu
cf.

fxaXicna.
III.

This
Trotetv

union of

adj.

and adv.
;

not infrequent in Isoc.

47,

eKovras Kat Trpo^u/Aws
Aeyeiv
;

VI. 42, ap)(a2a kul

Troppo)
;

twv vvv TrapovTwv
III.

XV.

49, TrAetocn koI TrXcova/tts cruyytyvovrat

'^PXW °^ 7rapavop.a)S ov8 dWoTptav. must distinguish between ^atVeo-^at
be,

13,

e^^o)

ttjv

(j>aive.rai.

In Hdt. and Att.

we
e.g.,

c. inf., is

denoting what appears to

and ^atVecr^at

c. part.,

denoting what

apparent or evident;

cjiaLveraL eTvai,

he appears to be, but
;

(jiaiverai iwv,
;

he manifestly
I.

is

;

cf.

Hdt., VII. 137, 175
cJKLLvw)
;

Aesch., Pi:, 217
113.
. .

Thucyd.,

2 (L. and

S., s.v.

Goodwin,

§
.

§
ka-Tiv

38. SrjXov,

on

<f)avep6v,

otl.

When
This
I.

SyjXov ecrrtv

and

cf)avep6v

are used impersonally, they regularly take a clause with on.
§

Goodwin,

113, note

7.

aireKTCivev.

is

not mentioned by any

other writer.
KUKOV ov8ev

On

the contrary, Hdt.,
Trap'

130, says, 'Ao-rwyea Kvpos
Isoc.

aWo

TrotT^cras elxe

lavTw, es o iTeXcvTrjcre.

may


NOTES.


43

by Hdt.,
oSovs

have followed some other authority, perhaps one of those mentioned I. 95. liria-raixai irepl Krpov koI rptc^acrias oAAas Aoywv
({>rjvaL.

On

Sayce's

Herodotus,

" Cyrus," see Grote, chapters xxxii., xxxiii., and III. koL tovtov, " on this account also," I.

dependent on
in IX. 43.

eTraive'creiav

;

cf.

XV.

36, tov KaAws Kexprja-Oai

tyj

(fivcreL

St/catws av uLiravres tov rpoirov tov ifxov CTratveVetai',

and QqXovv

tlvu. tivos

§39.
VIII.

ixrjhlv

viroa-TeiXdixevov,

"with no dissimulation";
dAA'
/Aero,

cf VI. 89, tous

41,

ouSev

{i7ro(rT€tA.d/Aei/os

dvei/xeVtos

/x-eAAw

Aoyovs
[XTjBkv

TroulcrOaL,

Demosth., XIX.

vTro(TTiXk6fx€vov.

237,

irappr]<jia^

hiaXi.)(6r]vaL

^eKetvcos,

" in the following

way."

See on

§

11.

iTvpdvvtva-ev,

"became
Goodwin,

despot."

The

aorist of verbs

which denote a
II. 2, 24, §

state or

condition generally expresses the entrance into that state or
§ 19,

condition.

note 1

;

cf.

Xen., Hell.,

ev

w

(mauTw)

p.€crovvTL

fSaaiXuav Kareax^v.

ALovv(rLo<;

irvpavvrjcre.

See

above
;

20,

ryv

ck Travros rpoirov,

IV. 151, iravTa rpoirov.
of ovTU)
ovT(i}s is

" in any

way

outco ircpX

avTov

^pacrecus.

" cf. IV. 95 and For the separation

from the word it qualifies cf. VII. 25, IV. 185. In Isoc. more frequently placed before than after the word it qualifies.

See on
§

§ § 48, 58, 60.

40. dTravTcs av o/AoXoyrycretav.

On

the omission of the protasis, see

Goodwin, § 52. 2. -Adyajv eiipe-ny's, ''writer of displays," such as the Helena and Busiris of Isoc. See Jebb's Attic Orators, II. p. 93, sqq. cf. V. 144, tov TavToAou ttAoCtov kuI t7;v XIcAottos apXT?"
;

Koi TTjv EupDcr^eojs
eVatvecretev.
§

Svvayu,t/

f

uSets

dv

oi;Te

Aoycov evperr]': oltc ttoit^t^

In

XV. 81 Aoyous

i.vpicrK(.Lv is

used in a better sense.
be
in

41

— 46.

Evagoras proves himself

to

every respect

an

excellent ruler.

§ 41. vTr€pj3aX6fX€vo<;

.

.

.

/caTaSeecrrepos,

cf.

§

13

:

tous p,€v

vTrep-

^uAAovTa9,

Toi)S 8c KaTaSeecTTcpows

ovtus

;

and see on

§ G.

ev(f)V€(TTaT0'i,

" gifted with great talents."
oAiyojpta,

oAtyajpeiv,
toi;

absolute, as in VII. 46.
;

So

VII. 51.
;

TOV TrXelo-rov

;^ovou

cf.
J

§ 50,
.

tt/s

8wvdp.ews

TTyv TrAetcTTTjv
avTrj<i.

IV. 34,

t7;v TrAetcTT/yv t>}9 ;;^wpas

I\

132,

ttjv TrAearTiyv

— oAAwv depends
is

on
;

cTrep-eAetav, as

is

clear

from the contrasted

Tavrr]<i fJirjSev

^povTt^ovTcs

evexa must, therefore, be joined with yjrvx^^
"

which

here used in the sense of " auima

(" to preserve this they


44
NOTES.

——

;

bestow their care on everything which conduces thereto"), whilst
afterwards with ravrr]? the idea of "
§ 42. cTrara
of. §§

mens"

is

predominant.
is
.

without

8e

after

irpunov

jxh
. .

frequent in Isoc.

;

53, 74,

But

in
cf.

XVII. 17

TrpCorov i^lv

iTretra 8c.

—rwv
it

Trpay-

IxoTdiv,

"affairs";

§§ 55, 66, XII, 30, KaAw

TreTraiSeu/xevovs TQV<i
kKacTTTjv irpocnvL-

KaXais xpoyfj-euov; rots Trpdyfxaa-L rois Kara rrjv
TTTovcri.

rjiJ.epav

Tvpayiiara is used in a different sense in § 41, since

there

"conduct" of Evagoras himself. See § 36 IV. 119 {apxv) with Sandys' and Schneider's notes.
refers to the

(ttouIv)

and

twv ovtwv

["num
Ttts

TWV

Tj-apovTiav

V

Blass ad loc]
rest,"

;

cf.

§

21,

to.

vTrdpxovra.

d\. TWV paOvfjLLwv, "true " continuous activity. "^ e^ wv iripwv

"freedom from

care."

Ka/jTcpta»s,

ek

tovtwv, a

-rrap'

erepwr.

TO,? Kp. iiroiuTO

Trepl

avrwv,

cf.

IV. 40

;

but in VII. 19, tva

Troirja-Oe Tr]v

Kptaiv avTwv.

§ 43.
TTTovTwv,

ev eTTt/AcX. /carao-TTjo-a?.

See on § 80. twv Kara T.rj.e. Trpo(nn" daily occurrences," as in II. 9, and III. 22, ra k.t.tjA

jLyvofxeva.

But

to

(toi)

KaO'

y^jxipav,
;

necessaries of daily
in the latter sense

life,"

IV. 34, 168
to.

" the without a verb (1) " daily life," XV. 144 or (2)
;

=

we

find also

KaTo. Trjv rjfxepav eKaa-Tqv (VII. 28),
Trepl
.

and

6

/3to<s

6 Ka$' rjixepav (VII.

53).— oriSe

.

.

ovSe irtpX

ev.

For

the double negative
Oeo'i

T€v^eu
;

;

cf. (1) Horn., Od., VIII. 176, ovhl Kev dXXws ovSk Isoc, IV. 75, ov fxrjv oiiSe twv -rrpo tov TToXefiov tovtov (2)

yevofj.h'wv

(3)

Demosth., XXIV. 149,
See Curtius, § 619.

ovS' idv Tts
.
.

KaTaXvy tof
.

8^/xov,

ov
.
.

7reio-o/x,at.
.

fxy fxaXXov

rj,

"not so much
his

as "

;

cf.
Toi'i

XII. 32,
8ia Tr]v
is

/at/

/aSAXov yaipovTa<; toTs 8ta tvxV^ vTrdp^aaiv
(fivaLV yiyvo/xevots.

ayaOois

rj

avTwv

tov? dXXovs,
v.,

i.e.,

subjects [there

a reading

tow

dpxoiJiivov<;

TO irXrjOo? Koi twv dXXwv kol Twy dpxovTWV.

A,

Stob.]

;

cf. II.

40,

Trjs vtt

iKCivov ySacriXctas,

an instance of a verbal substantive taking the construction of a verb
cf.

Thucyd.,

II. 65, 10,
;

iycyveTO
1,

Xoyw
ev

fj-ev

hrnjLOKpaTia,

€pyw Bk

vtto

tov

TrpwTovdvBpo? dpxyj
I.

I.

130,

wv

jxeydXw a$iw[J.aTL vtto twv EAATyvtov;
ho^da-fxaTL (with Shilleto's note),
fxeTo. jiovapxt-a-v eiiroi

141,

9,

Tw avTw

VTTO

d-TrdvTwv
:

tSto,

Xen., Memor.,
Tt5

II. 1,

34

Plato, Politic, p. 291, D.,

av

TTjv VTTO

TWV oXiywv 8vvaaT€Lav.

Curtius, §§ 434,

468.— o-(^o8pa,
is

= " strenue."
§§ 44^46. The accumulation of antitheses in this passage
cited


NOTES.
des
Isokrates,


45
p.

by Rauchenstein (Ausgewdhlte Reden

21) and by

Blass (Isokrates xmd Isaios, p. 263) as an instance of the influence

On dvrt^ecri?, " the opposition either of of Gorgias on Isocrates. words or sense, or both, in two corresponding clauses of a sentence," cf. Sandys' Ad Dem. and Panegyr., p. xiv., and Jebb's Attic Orators, II.,
p. 64, sq.
§

44. Twv xpw/x€vajv, "his intimate
;

Toils /SeArto-Tots

XIX.

11,

)(pi^(r€L<;.

friends";

cf. II.

27,

I.

20,

^C)

(lejxvos.
ae[j.vC)s

To
773,

o-e/Avos Sittois Aeyerat,
to,

Kat

cTTt

Tov VTrepyjipdvov
see

Kai

Schol.,

Eur.,

Ale,
;

in tov 773 802,

ttoiowtos

TrpdyfiaTa,

esp.

oSros, tl

o-e/xpw koI
;

7re<^povTi/cos

^AeVei?

777,

(TTvyv<S Trpocrwrw kul crvvdxj^pvwixivto

TOis

ye

cre/xvois

/cai

avvuxfipvwjxevoLs.
;

—tov

800, ws

irpoa-wTrov

crvvaywyat?,

"pursing up, or wrinkling of the face
et

" cf. Plutarch,

Comparat. Dion,
are

Brut.,
6(J3pv<;

5,

o-wayaytuv to TrpoawTTov.

The more usual phrases
cf.

ras

crvvdyetr,

or diaaTrav, uve'AKetr, avaipeiv.
Trpoo-wTroi;].

[Cobet proposes

IJi€T<x)7rov

instead of

tov jSiov KaTaa-Kevals,
TULavT7]v.

Eur. Supji.,
di'(o^uAa)?,

214, 6eov KaTa(TKavr)v J3lw Sovtos " irregularly or capriciously."
§

— uraKxcos
V. 74
;

ouS'

45.
v</)'

v(f>

uvT<2 TTotou'/xevos,

" bringing under his power."
v<ji

TroLeiaOai

Tiva
rare.
§

avT<3 is the usual construction, cf.
;

avTov being

—pao-rwvas " leisure "
46, TToAtTttas,
jJ-kv

pa^v/Atas,

" carelessness."
of public activity"; cf. VII. 65,

"from every kind
denotes
16,

Ep., VIII. 9, Tovs
//^
AvTrtij/.

7rp€o-/3vTepovs Kal ror^s Trept tt/v TroAireiav ovras

S-qp-oTLKos

here

people "

(as

in

VII.

etc.),

not merely " a friend of the but " a champion of the pe jple's

interests "

= 8r;p.aycuyo's
(cf.
;

in VIII.

126

(of Pericles).
6,

ttoXltlkos,

" an

able administrator"

Xen., Mott., II.

38,

o-TpaTyyLKw re Kal
Se,

o-Tparr;ytKos, " general-like." TvpawiKos ^LKaaTLKw Koi ttoXltlkw) " royal " (or /x€yaAo(/)poji/, see Appendix) is opposed to 8y]jxoTLKo<i
.
. .

jxku

TToAtTiKos Se

.

.

.

(TTpaTi]yiKo<i 8e.

§

47

50.

Reforms of Evagoras.
in the

He

revives Hellenism in Cyprus.

Professor Jebb remarks [Attic Orators, II. p. 113):

most striking passage
commerce,
arts,

letters,

"Perhaps the memoir is that which describes how humane intercourse with the outer world,
speedily

having become extinct under the rule of the barbarian,
sprang into a

new

life

under the rule of the Hellene."


46

— —
NOTES.

;

On
chap.

the " dis-hellenising " of Cyprus
IxxvT.

by the Phoenicians see Grote, " The disposition of Phoenicians in Cyprus towards
is

Hellenic visitors at this period
observes,

strikingly illustrated, as Mr. Grote
§

by
oj?

[Lys.]

in

Andnc.,

26,

/Acra

Se

ravra

e-TrXeva-ev

( Aj/So/ciStjs)

tov KtTtecoi/ /3a<ri\ea, kol TrpoSiSoiis Xt^^^cIs
ec^oySetro

vtt

avTov

iSidrj,

Koi ov fxovoi' Odvarov

r'AXa

to.

Ka6' rjfjJpav alKLcr/xaTa,

oio/xei/os TO. aKpbi-rqpia ^wi/ros aTroT/jirjOi^crecrOaL."

§

47.

Tpirjp€L<;

h/avTrqy-qaaTO, cf. Herod., I.

27

(vauTn/yeicr^ai vav<i)
:

;

Xen., Hell.,
JL, IV.
3,

I. 1,

25

;

Andocid., HI. 5
;

(rptT^pcts vauTn^yetcr^ui)

Horn.,

veKTap olvoxoelv
t-mrovs
;

0(^., III.

472, olvov olvoxoeiv
j3ov<;

;

7i.,

XX.
prose

221,

l^ovKoXeiv "
Te2)(^o<;,

XXI. 448,
jxrjhip.ia'i

f^ovKoXeiv
Trvpyov.

;

and

in

olKoSofj-eiv

v€(dv, Tzvpaplha,

/xocrcrvva,

— Schneider
fjLrjSe/xLa

(in his
ttoXis

note) proposes to

change

into
single
;

jU-r^Se

/xiS?.

=

"no
ovSe

town;''

fxrjSe

[xm ttoAis
ovSets

"no

town."

There

is

the

same

distinction
irepl
li

between
os
;

§

44, ovSk Trpo?

and ov8e eh cf. § 43, ovSe Trepl ev, § 52, See Rutherford's JVeiv Phrynichus, ei'.
be distanced
b)',"

p. 271.

aTroXeXeL(f)9ai,

"

to
it

" inferior to," followed
Curtius,
§

by

a genitive, because

implies comparison.

423

;

cf.

§ 48, V. 82, 6eLr]v av i/xavTov ovk cf rots aTToXeAet/A/xcvoi? dXX' iv rot?
Trpol)(pv(TL

Twv aXXwi'.

It is

used absolutely in IX. 61.

eveTroLrjcrev, sc.

avTrj.

§ 48.

eTTiSdo-ets.

See on

§

7.
cf.

/aci^w Xeytav,

k.t.X.,

" exaggerating
;

the qualities he possesses;"
fiel^ov? TTOiovftai tovs

XV.
T-qv is

39, /xet^dvws
a^tav

etp-qKev

XX.

5,

Adyors

•^

Kara

tw yeyevrjfjievwv
ircpi

;

VI. 71,

cAaTToj Twv
it

v7rap)(^6vT(j}v elprjKevai.
;

— Xtav
§ 2.

often placed after the

word

qualifies

cf.

XV. 215,
.

r}i/

ttoXXo. Xiav
eu/at

Xeyw

twv 6/AoXoyowp.cvwv

IV. 73, IV. 160, SoKct TToXXa Xtay
§ 39.

(with Sandys' note).

See on
IV. 187,

€K6tVa)

.

,

avTw.

See on

§49.

i(fiLKOLTo,

"who
65,

could adequately

describe;"
cKet

cf.

Demosth., XIX.

i<f}iKecr9aL

rw Xdyo)

Tcoy

KaKwv vvv optwv.

For the genitive after icf^LKovfxai see Curtius, For the causal signification of the relative cf.
oi)

§

419.

os,

"for he."
irepl

§§ QG^ 71,

IV. 89,

Ti9

OVK

eXarrw twv VTrap^ovTwv

eiprjKei'

;

b?

fts

to(tovtov
k.t.X.,

vX6ev
the

VTrepqcf^avLas,

Goodwin,
Cyprus.

§

65,

4.

rov

tottov

oXov,

i.e.,

ci\alizing

influence
to

of Evag. reached
[Orelli

even the barbarian countries
strike

adjacent

and Hirschig

out

rrji'

vrjcroi',


comparing V. 54, XV. 107].
implied in ttoXis and roVos
aTTpocroLCTTuys'
fxy]
;


ol TroXTrat


47
koI ol TreptotKowre?

NOTES.

etp(ov, sc.

cf. I.

21, IV.

7rpocrB€)(OfX€voi

rivas

110 (with Sandys' note). " untwv EXAt^i/wi/, Schol.
;

sociable," L.

and

S.

;

" intolerabiliter et

immaniter se gerebant,"

Mitchell.
§ 50.
Trap' rjjxwv.

Athens must, therefore, have granted the right of
the Salaminians.

intermarriage

(eTrtya/xia) to

rwv

rrepl

r-qv fjLovaiKr^v.

See on
§

§ 4.

51

— 57 med.

Greeks

to Salamis.

The good government of Evagoras attracts many The friendship of Evagoras with Conon. The
its
.

battle of

Cnidus and
.

results.

§ 51. TeKfxr'jpiov
oo-ioTT^ros,

See on § 8. /cat tou rpo-rrov Kat r-^s " both of his character generally, and especially of his
yapTrj<s


;

rectitude," not :=
Kttt

tov rpoirov ocrioTrjTo?
;

cf.

the Homeric Tpwes re

E/cTwp, oA/3(o re ttXovtw re

Plutarch, Tiniol., 31, Troirj/xara ypdcfi€Lv

Kol TpaywStas.

See on
;

§
cf.

56.

ckuvov must be taken with
Kttt

Tp6-n-ov
rrjv

as

well as with
TToXeojc.

otrioTr^Tos

IV. 54, Kat tov rpoTrov

T^v

p(j)fjir}v

r^s

— The

expression KaXos Kdya6o<; should always be written as
[Kov(f)OTepav T,

two words.

(See Sandys on IV. 78).

Bk.

;

KOLvorepav

A,

X. 36, VII. 70). An Kovt^oripav koL KOLvorepav ? Blass]. TToXv av epyov cLrj, " would be too tedious"; cf. XIV. 27. "The
V.
(cf.

years 413

— 405 were years of

great distress for Athens

;

and, after

405, cases of banishment and confiscation were numerous in every
city

the reign of Evagoras coincided with a period

Thus the early years of when such a refuge as Salamis was likely to attract the greatest number of settlers." Jebb's See Grote, chap. Ixxvi. cf. Lysias, XIX. Attic Orators, II. p. 111.
a Spartan dekarchy.
;

where there was

38—46.
§

52.

8vfm;;)(7;o-a9.

See

Appendix

on

the

Text.

Cf.

V.

62,

Kovwv
B.C.

ttTv;(7^cras Iv rrj vavfia^^ia rfj Trepl

'FiW-^cnrovTOV (at Aegospotami,

405) ov

Si

avTov oAXa 8ta
S'cts

TOv<;

a-vvdpxovTa<; ot/caSe fxev dcf>LK€(r6aL
;

KaTrj(r)(yv6r],

TrXewa?

KvTrpov, k.t.A.
iv

Xen., Hell.,
tyjv

II. 1,

29

;

Plut.,

Artax.,

21,

Stirpifit

pXv

RvTrpw

/xera
rr/i'

ev

A'tyos

Trorafxo'i'S

vavfia^iav ov Trjv a(T(f)a\€iav
jrepifiivwv
;

dya-Trwi',

d/\Aa
. .

twv

Grote, chap. Ixv.

— eKctrw.
41

irp ayftdroiv /x€Ta(3o\r]v

avrov.

See on §2.

— TroAAa
§ 28.

KaTwp^wKws

like TrAetora KaropOovv §

;

oftener absolute,

<'.y.,

— —
48
§ 53.


no


sooner


approached

;

NOTES.
ovK
ecf>6aaav
kol,

.

.

.

" they

one

another than they
after

..."
^Sr],
.

ov cj)9dvw, a/xa,
Tru^dyaevot
.

^Orjaav

.

Ka\

;

Such co-ordination is frequent in Greek For ov (f)Odv(i> Koi cf. IV. 86, OVK ovttw. On V. 53, VIII. 98, XVI. 37, XIX. 22.
and Rutherford's Xew Phrynichus,
in the

the usage of Isoc. and other authors with regard to the aorists of
<f)6dvo)

see Sandys' note on IV. 165,

p. 217.

" There are several verbs which in classical times used both

aorists

— the
run

weak and

the strong

same
. . .

sense, but in Attic

proper such verbs
<f)Odv(o

were exceedingly
57.

rare.

The two

aorists

of

parallel,

except in the participle, which Attic confined to

the weak."

o-<^as aurov's, cf. §

On

the frequent substitution of
see Farrar,
§

the reflexive for the reciprocal pronoun,
ciprocity
is

100 ("re'

extended into identity, just as in the German
in the

Wir

'

sehen uns wieder';='we see one another again,' and eTretra without 8c, see on § 42. se battre,' etc.").

French

§

54. TToXiT-qv
I.

e.TTe.TToiYjVTO,

SC.

'A6r}va7oL,

implied

in

T^s

rifJi€Tipa<;

TToAews, cf.

21.

Compare Demosth., XII.

10, v/acis eSore TraXiTeiav
e/cetvwy.
ottojs

Eivayopa rw KuTrpto) Kal Atovfato) kul tois eKyoFOts Tois
. . .

See on § 25. ra-^vv tov Kaipov ra^vv is a predicate, "soon afforded them an opportunity." i-TrexeLpijaav, under Agesilaus
dTraX\d$ov(ri.
;

cf.

IV. 144, V. 62.
§ 55. Xa/Bovre's kol rcov or. (XTropowTwv.

"As

the participle in the

genitive

[ov

accusative)

absolute denotes the same relations (time,

cause, etc.) as the participle in its ordinary construction, both

may

be used in the same sentence, and be connected by conjunctions."

Goodwin,

§

111.

Cf IV. 148, 142, 93; Thucyd.
"
(3acnXev<;

I.

2.—/^acnXews,

" the Great King."

ab Isocrate est sine articulo scriptum,

ubi rex Persarum in universum, non certus certoque nomine appellatas, intelligitur, ut

eodem jure
B.C.

ibi

regnum Persicum

scribi possit."
i.e.,

Benseler quoted by Sandys on IV. 145.

n

(Mv-^ixwv)

405

— 359
A.
TrjV

/Sao-tAe'ws,
'^P-'

Artaxerxes
to derive

on XPWaifairs."

^o*^?

" tio^

advantage from the situation of

For
tmv

-n-pdyfiara, see
ttjv

on
:

§

42.

—[Verbis tov
IcTTL

vrpo?

facile caruerim, Blass].
virb

rjivupov
yrji/

avv-qOi^

T(5

'IcroKparet

tw

ySacrtXct

Ilepcrtoi/

ovtu> KaXilv,
;

wo-Trep tv

re

^tXtWo) (V. 97) Kal 'ApxiSap,w (VI. 73).

Harpocrat.

cf.

§ 68, IV. 132.

—— —
NOTES.
§56. 10 14
KaTevavixaxyjO-rj&av at
;

49
Xen., Hell., IV.
3,

Cnidus, B.C. 394;
;

Grote, chap.

Ixxiii.

Nepos, Conon.

On

the results of the

victory and the rebuilding of the

Long Walls

of Athens, see Grote,
vol.

chap. Ixxiv.,

and Cartius (translated by Ward),

IV.,

p. 242.

"The

deeds of Thrasybulus and his comrades were cast into the

shade; Conon and Evagoras were the heroes of the day, the second
founders of Athens."
\y)ve<i
ap)(rjs,
cf.

—For

ol
.

8"'E/\Ar;i/es
. .

instead of

ol

K

aAA.oi''EXtyj^

§

68, V. 63, Kovwi/
8'

AaK^SaLfxovLovs /xev i^ejSaXev €«

70v<;

"EXXr^vas i^Xeu^epojcrev.
6Q,
ttoXlv

See on

§

51.
T7J<;

—dXiv dveXa^c.
Svva/Aews
tt/i/

For the pleonasm cf. § TrXeLa-rrjv. See on § 41.
§ 57.
ovirep, viz., in
I.

£7ravr;yaye»

the Kepa/ActKos near the o-roa /JacriXctos.
(r<pwv

Cf.

Pausanias,
Xwv.

3; Demosth., XX., pp. 477, 478.

airwv

= uAJVr^closely

See on § 53.

§§ 57 med. to 65.

The Cyprian War.
chronology of the Cyprian

The question

of the

War

is

connected with that of the date of publication of the Panegyricus.
In that oration Isoc. makes several allusions to the war of Evagoras
against Persia

(See Or. IV., §§ 124; 134, 135; 141; 153,

154;
§ at
;

161, 162;
Died.,

179).
8. 9).
;

The war

lasted

ten years
it

(Isoc.

Evag.,

64;
sea

XV.

In the course of

Evagoras was defeated
in

by the Persians
after a brave

was soon afterwards blockaded
in §

Salamis

and,

resistance, capitulated.
;

Isoc. in Or. IV. § 141, alludes

to the sea-fight

134 he speaks

of the blockade as existing;

and

in § 141 he says that the king of Persia has in

now wasted

six years

the

engagement

war; which apparently means six years from the naval in 386-5 b.c. (Blass, Isokrates und Isaios, p. 231),
it

though some take

to

mean

six years

from the beginning of the war
learn from Diodorus that the

(Jebb, Attic Orators, II., p. 159).

We

war lasted ten years (XV.
date of the rancgi/ricits
is

8. 9)

;

that the sea-fight took place in
8).

886
the

(XV. 2—4), and that Evag. capitulated in 385 (XV.

Now

determined by § 126, where it is said that the Spartans are besieging Olynthus and Phlius. Olynthus was
besieged in 383 b.c, Phlius early in 380; both
of 379.
fell

towards the close

The speech cannot,

then, have been published before 880,
first

or after 379.

Since 380 b.c. was the

year of the hundredth

4

;

50
Olympiad,
the
title

NOTES.
of the

speech

makes

it

probable

that

the

Panegyricus was published at the time of the Olympic festival in
the

autumn

of

380

b.o.

(Blass, I. u. I., p.

230

;

Jebb, Attic Orators,

n., p. 150; Clinton, Grote, Schneider, "Introd." to Pan., p. 2; Sandys " lutrod." to Pan., p. XLIII. ; Reinhardt " Introd." to 5th edition of

Eauchenstein's Pan. and Areop.
Literature, II.,
p.

;

Mahafiy, History of Classical Greek

226.
Attische

I

see,

however, from Professor Mahaffy's
350,

note, that Blass,

Beredsamheit, IV.,
in

now
it

inclines

to

884

B.C.).

It thus appears that Isoc.

380 speaks of the Cyprian
ended in 385,

War

as

still

going on, whilst Diodorus states that
it

both stating that

lasted ten years.

W. Engel (De

temjwre quo divulgatus

sit

Isoc.

Panegyr., Berlin,

1861) relying on the statement of Diodorus (XV. 8) that the war ended in 385, tries to reconcile Diodorus with Isoc. by supposing
that,

with the exception of §§ 125

— 132, which

allude to 380 e.g.,

the Panegyricus was published in 385, just before Evag. capitulated. The " six years " of Isoc. would then be 391^ 385, during which the

war was
is

actively prosecuted,

394

— 391

having been years chiefly

of preparation.

Engel's argument, from the tone of §§ 125
[I.e.,

— 132,
and
the

ably met by Reinhardt
[I.e.,

pp.
is

32, 33), Jebb
sufficient

{I.e.,

p. 151),

Blass

pp. 230, 231).
is

It

to

say here

that

argument from chronology
Diodorus,

discredited

by the

self-contradiction of

who in XIV. 98 states that the first preparations for the war were made in 390 (Reinhardt, I.e., p. 33). Engel's view has been adopted by Rauchenstein and Curtius, the latter giving the
following dates
:

Subjection of the Cyprian principalities 394

Persian war without important events 391
height of his power, loss of the of Greece, trans, by
fleet,

— 387;
c.

1

Evagoras

at the

and capitulation 386

— 5 {History

Ward

IV., p. 242).

CHnton {F. H.,

vol. II., p.

279, appendix

12 on the Cyprian

War)

rejecting the chronology of Diodorus,

and dating the entire

Panegyricus in 380, believes that the war began in 385, in which year

Evagoras

suff'ered his

defeat at sea, and ended in 376.

years " of Isoc. are then 385

— 380.

The blockade

of Salamis

The " six must

have followed close upon the defeat, and

we must

suppose a resist.
Clinton's con-

ance of about nine years on the part of Evagoras.

;

NOTES.
elusion
is

51
§

drawn mainly from
actioQ of the

his interpretation of Pan.,

141, where

he explains
the
'-'first

Tr/DoSeSuo-Tu'x^Kcv as

implying that this engagement was

it should, however, rather be rendered " Has already sustained a defeat " (Sandys and Benseler, ad. loc).
;

war

"

Clinton evades the necessity of contradicting

Xenophon by

represent-

ing the two Athenian expeditions sent to assist Evag. in Cyprus,
first

in

390

b.c.

(Xen., Hell, IV. 8, 24), next in 388 b.c. (Xen., Hell.,

V.

1, 10),

as relating to "hostile measures before the
is

war began."

Clinton's view

adopted by Jebb

{I.e.,

p.

159) and by Schneider

(note on Evag., § 64).

[Benseler

(note

on Pan.,
I

§

141)

quotes

Diodor.,
in

XV.

9,

as

authority for the statement that the

war ended
is

376

(!)].

The view which
Blass,

have adop'ued

that of Grote,

Sandys, and

The

consider that the war began in 390, and ended in 380. " six years " are to be reckoned from 38^, when Artaxerxes

who

began active

operations

against

Evagoras,

and

the

latter

was

defeated in the sea-fight.
alternative hypothesis

(Professor Jebb has

shown

that Grote's

peace of Antalcidas

— that the "

six years " are to

be dated from the

is

untenable.)

Evagoras seems
(^Evag.,
§

to

have been forced into war by the Persians
tovtov outws
Trpos avrbv
c/c

58, Trpos Sc

ttoXXov TrcpiScws cf^f,
hinaxa
at
fjbev

ware

fiera^v iraa-^wv €*,
§

7roA.eyu.err

e7r€i[^etpiy(re,

ov

Trotwi'

62,

i-n-ei^rj

rjvayKda-Or]

TroXe/Aetv).

Evagoras,

first

successful,
cities,

worsted and humbled

Amathus, Kitium,

and

Soli,

which

under Agyris,

adhered to Artaxerxes,
61, 62; Diodorus,

attacked the Phoenicians on

the mainland, took Tyre, and induced
revolt {Evag., §

He

received powerful aid

some of the Cilician towns to XIV. 98; Ephorus, Fnig. 134). from Akoris, the native and independent
and the force sent
to

king in Egypt, and from Chabrias,
Athenians.

by the

The Athenians, from gratitude

Evag.

for his protec-

tion to Conofl, twice sent a squadron to his assistance, although the
alliance

was an inconvenient one.

See Xen., PJeiL, IV.

8,

24

(b.c.

XIX. 21—23, Cornelius Xepos, Chabnas, c. 2 Demosth., Adv. Lqit., p. 479, oo-a cv Kwrpw rpoVata At the peace of Antalcidas, b.c. 387, he was ea-TTjcre, 8C. Xa/?ptas. abandoned by Athens, though still assisted by Akoris of Egypt, and
390), V. 1, 10 (B.C. 388), Lysias,
;

52
secretly supplied witli
Hell.,

NOTES.

money by Hekatomnus,
§

prince of Caria (Xen.,
<Tvv6rjKai<i

V.

1,

31

;

Isoc, Pan.,

141, Evayopas^os ev rats
cf.

cKSoros eWiv;
§

162).

XIV. 98; Isoc, Pan., Evagoras, having previously gained a battle on land, In 38|
Diodor.,
Diodor.,
in

XV. 2;

attacked the Persian fleet at Kitium, and, after a hard-fought contest,

was completely defeated and blockaded

Salamis (Diodor.,
;

XV.

4).

He

held out until 380 or 379,

still

helped by Akoris

while Tyre and

several towns in Cilicia also continued in revolt against Artaxerxes

(Isoc, Pan., § 161).

The long

resistance of Evagoras

may

be partly

accounted for by the mutinous disposition of Persia's Greek contingents,

and by the dissensions of the Persian commanders Tiribazus
(Isoc,

and
Twv

Orontes

Pan.,

§

153,

rov<;

fxeO'avrwv

ei?

Ki;7rpov

aTpaTevcraixevov<s /aoAAov ^ tovs alxt^aXoyrov? vfSpL^ov; Diodor.,
cTTpaTLurroxu
. ,
.

XV.

9,

aTret^owTwv koI

ttjv iroXiopKiav

iyKaTaXeLTTovTow).
to his

The

Persians, wearied

by

his obstinate

resistance, acceded

propositions for peace, consenting to leave

him

in full possession of

Salamis, under

payment

of a stipulated tribute,
off

Diodorus (XV.

8, 9)

says that Evag. broke

the

negotiations, because the Persians

inserted in the convention the words " like a slave to his master,"

and only renewed them on the offensive phrase being withdrawn. Mr. Grote regards this anecdote as no way improbable, but is
surprised at the omission of

"so

choice a morsel for the panegyrist

"

by Isoc
Mr, Sandys has the following note on
histories of
light
Pa7i.,
§

134

:

" The lost
fullest

Callisthenes

would doubtless have thrown the
this war.
it,

upon the events of

It so

happens, however, that an

abstract of an account of

by Theopompus, was made by Photius

(the learned patriarch of Constantinople in cent. 9, a.d.), Bibl. Cod.,

176, p. 120, Bekker.
that peace, and

This abstract proves that the war was begun

before the peace of Antalcidas,

Nectanebis

I.

to

was not vigorously waged till after was apparently not concluded until the accession of the throne of Egypt, an event which cannot be fixed
ed. Miiller (part of a

with certainty.
of the twelfth
avveireia-Oy)

Theopomp., Frag. Ill,

summary
At'Sia?
Tr}s

book of

his Philipj^ica).

"Ottws tc 6 ^aaiX^vs Evayopa
AvTOcfipaSdTrjv tov
§

TroXefxrjcraL,

dTpar-qyov

linaT'r]<ja<;

aaTpaTTTjv,

vavap^ov 8e 'EKaropivwv

(cf.

Pan.,

162).

Kai

Tvepl

— —


NOTES.

53

elp-Qvr)?, 71/

auros tois "EXXt^ctiv ijSpd^eva-ev (Pan., § § 120, 121, 176).

OTTw? re

TT/jos

Euayopav
§

iirLKpaTea-repov €7roA.e/A£i,

/cat

Trepi

t^s ev

Kwpw

vav[xa)^La<s

[Pan.,

141).

Kat

tus 'A6r]vaL(jiv

rj

ttoAis rats Trpos /JacrtXca

(TW^T^/cais

CTTCt/Daro

Ifxp-evuv,

AaKe8at/x,ovtoi

Se

VTrepoyKa
iirl

(f)povovvT€<;

Trape/Saivov ras (Tw^T^Kas.
elp-^vqv (Pail., §
OTTcos

Ttva re Tpoirov
0)9

rrjv

'AvraXKiSov WevTO

115, sqq.), xat

Ttpt;8a^09 iTroXifirjcrev {Pan., § 135),

T€ Eiayopo. iiTefSovXevcrev'
/xer'

ottws T€ avrov Eiiayopas Trpos jSaaiXea
cos

OLa^aXoiv, cruveySaXe

'Opovrou, Kat

NfKTavtjStos TrapetXiy^dros t^*
7rpeaj3eL<; otTrecrTctXcv

AtyuTTTOu yGacrtXctav, Trpos AaKeSat/tovtovs

Evaydpasv

Tiva re rpoirov 6 Trepi Kurrpov avrw ttoXc/xos 8ieXv$y].^^
§ 57.

For

ySao-iXeu's

without the article
cf.

see

on
ctti

article

IV. 145.

—Kwwvos,

§

55

;

with the

IV. 154, Kdvwva

Oavdrco (TvXXaj3e'LV

h6Xp.7]crav (ot Ilepo-at), Cornel.
est,

Nepos, Conon,

5, 3, in

vincula conjectus

in quibus aliquamdiu fuit.

Inde nonnulli

eum ad regem abduContra ea Dinon
[fl.

ctum, ibique periisse, scriptum reliquerunt.
storicus, cui

hi-

nos plurimum de Persicis rebus credimus
Diodor.,

circ.

360
p-rj

B.C.], effugisse scribit.
(TvXXr]<j)6y

XV. 43,

vTroTrreuo-as 6 'I^iKparTjs

Koi Ti//.wptas Tv^rj KaOdirep

Kovwv

CTraOev 6 A^ryvaios,

Xen.,

Hell, IV. 8, 16; Lysias,'xiX. 39, 41.
thinks that the words
indicate that
Isoc.
TrcpI

Blass

(I.

u.

I.,

p. 262)

^ev ovv Kdj/wvos aXXos

rjplv

eo-rai

Xdyos

was thinking of writing an

iyKwp.Lov

Kdj/wvos

which

his friendship with

iyKWfiLov

Kdvojvos might

Timotheus would naturally suggest. An more naturally have been included in the
in

Evagoras than the digression on Theseus
sc. aXXous, cf. I. 15,

the Helena.

—XaOav,

V. 93.
§

§ 58. fpaLverat.

See on

37.

Kvpov.
lib. 1
;

On

the dvaj^ao-is,

cf.

IV. 145,

V. 90, XII. 104
TeKfirjpLov,

;

Xen., Anab.,
§ 8.

Grote, chap. Ixix.

/xeyio-rov 8e

See on

p.iKpov

Sciv,

"almost,"

cf.

IV. 144, V. 51;

dXtyou

Sell/

(Seiv is often omitted,
;

Aristoph., Nub., 722), VII. 20, ws

o-uvrdp,cos dirfiv

IV. 154, ws aTrXws dirHv.
§

On
c.

these absolute infinitives

see
cf.

Goodwin,
IV. 149,
^Dpais

100.
avTOL<i

i(f)LcrTa(r6 ai

e-n-l

ace, " to appear before,"
II.,

VTT

Tots /JacTtXetots,

Xen., Anab.,

4,

4,

ctti

rais

avrov.

" Xenophon (who
field

does not mention

the

name

Cunaxa) was informed that the
42^miles) from Babylon.

of battle lay

300 stadia (about

Plutarch (to

battle) states {Vit. Artax., 8) that

whom we owe the name of the Cunaxa was 500 stadia (about 58


54
miles) distant" (Sandys on IV. 149).
fji€Taiv is


NOTES.
fj.€Ta$v Trda-x^v ev.


; ;

The adverb

often connected (in position

and

in sense)

with the temporal

participle, although

grammatically
;

it

qualifies the verb of the sentence,

Goodwin,
7rao7^ciJv,

§

109, note 2
;

cf.

XV.

159.

—Isoc,

avoids hiatus

cf.

IV. 80, and see on §§ 39, 48.
in § 55, sq.

by placing ev The

after
refer-

ence

is

to the events
eVtSoVets.
cf.

mentioned
§

§ 59.

See on

7.

— Kara
in IV.
;

/At/cpov,

"in an inconsiderable
;

degree';
jXLKpov,
little."

XV.

311, Kara yuinpov act
little."

Trpoo-rt^ei/Tes

III. 10,

kcu.

Kara.

"ever so
TTjv

But

32 Kara
I. 3,

ju.tKpdv

="

little

by

Tv)(r]v

avi'ay(j}VLL,OfJi€vr)v

cf.

'opw

T-qv

TV)(r]v

rjjxiv

crv\Xa[xPa.vov(yav nal tov irapovra Katpov (rvvayuiVL^OfJi^vov.
§

60. Twv

yeyei/r^/AeVo)//,

i.e.,

the

petty

wars of Evag. with the
the aid of Persia

Cyprian
Diodor.,

principalities,

three of which invoked

XIV.

98.

ScStws,
:

see Curtius, § 317, 5,

and Eutherford's

New

Pknjniclms, p. 270

" The facts seem to be that the singular of

both present and past tenses was preferentially formed from the
longer stem, but the plural from the shorter ;
in the participle both

forms were in use, while in the

infinitive

both SeSievai and SeSoiKcVat
etc.,

in the imperative certainly only hihiOt, hSiroi,

were legitimate."
-ttoXv

See also Farrar, § 150 for perfects in present sense.
/A€t^oi/a)v

irepl

:=

Trepi ttoXv jaei^ovwv,

cf.

XIV.

54, -uoXh
is

vrepi ftec^ovoiv ^KOfiev

7roi',]a-6f.f.evoi

ras

8e'.;cr€ts.

This hyperbaton

frequent with ttoXv and

n-avv,

and regular with ws and on, e.g., V. 154, ws ev cAa^i^tcrrots. " showed such zeal." This absolute use of op/xSv or wpixr](Tev,
opfxao-Oat is infrequent
;

Isoc. generally adds

Ittl

tl (IV. 94), or Trpos rt

(VIII. 8), or an infinitive (XII.

232).— mTTji/aAwo-ev.

"Which

of the

two forms dvaXpoint,

av-ijX-

was pure old

Attic has been always a disputed

among

the Atticists

themselves,

and one not easily

to

be

decided, although

among modern

critics avo.X-

was long the

favourite.

In Isoc, Coray uniformly wrote,
authority of the MSS., dvaX;

contrary to the preponderating

and Bekker, following the Codex on which he places most reliance, has uniformly restored AvtjX-. For r]vdX(.o(Ta in this semi-compound form there appears to be no authority
whatever
;

but KarrjvdXwa-ev in Isoc, Evag.,

§ 60,

and

Ka.rr]vaX(ap.h'a

NicocL, § 31 are established firmly by the same
avaXCa-Kw.

MS."
p.

Buttman,

s.v.

Mr. Rutherford says {New Pliryn.,

82):

"In such


NOTES.
little


55
consideration.

questions M.S. authority merits

Thus, inscripafter the first

tions prove that avaXcaKui did, like
syllable, not

iTTLTrjSevu),

augment

on

it

;

and

yet,

even in the same author, the same MS.
av-qXwa-a,
avr'jXwKa,
avr]Xu)6r)v

will

sometimes exhibit the genuine
See on § 11.

by

the side of the corrupt avuXwa-a, dvoAwKa, a.paXwdrjv."
§ 61. o/xws.
aTroXeXa/xfjieyos.

See on

§ 47.

Cf. IV.

141, virep 8e
seler's

rijs X'^P^'^ rpio^i.Xcovs

^x^l fiovov TreXTacTTa? (with

Ben-

note).

According

to Diodor.,

XV.
rj

2,

Evag. had 6,000

men

and help from abroad.
IV. 8, 24, V.
1,

On
fj

the forces sent

by Athens,

see Xen., Hell.,
see on § 3,

10.

Tots aXAots

=

iv Tots aAAots,

Tois oAAots Tots
Trpo. is

vpocLp-qfjievoL'i.
;

6 aXAos is here substantival,

and

toIs

the attribute

cf.

IV. 175.

But

6 oAAos is adjectival in VIII.

15,

Trepl

Twv aXXoiv

twi/ ttjs ttoXcws TrpayfxaTOiv,
cf.

and twv t^s
jj^oAk^v
Tr]v

TroAetus IS
fjieydXrjv

a second attribule;

Demosth.,

Trapa

Trjv

§ 62. JlvvTayopav.
for help to
[I

Pnytagoras,

when Evag.

defeated at sea fled
Diodor.,

Egypt, for a time defended Salamis.

XV.
B.C.,

4.

may

here mention, incidentally, the successful three years' war
Persia,

of

Egypt against

which lasted either from 392

— 390

or

from 390—388
In

See Isoc, Pan., § 140 (with Sandys' and Jebb's notes); Diodor., XV. 2 4; Grote, chap. LXXVI]. /xiKpov e'Se'r/cre.
b.c.

this expression the personal construction is the regular 2, IV. 21, TOcrouToi; Sew
.

one

;

cf.

XIX.
ar]

.

.

uxrre

;

VII. 17, p.iKpov aTreXtTrev tov

7repLTre'J€LV.

— Compare
^oLvtKf]
£(/>' rj

KuTrpos
yiyovaxTt,

6.<^i(JTi]ue,

Pan., § 161, ovk AiyuTTTos p-ev avTov Kal 0€ Kai ^vpLa Sea tov ttoXc/xov ai'daraTOL
k(f)p6vr](T€V,

Tvpos
;

8'

p.iy

VTrb
/^ev

twv k^OpwiV twv eKeivov
irXetcrTas oi p.eO'
;

KaTeiXrjTTTaL

tcoi/

8' 8'

iv KtXtKta TroXewv

ras

rjp.w

orres e^ovcri, ras

oh

;)^aXe7rov

Icttl

KTrjcraa-Oai

Diodor. XV.

2, 'Eku-

pUv€

(sc.

Evagoras) Kara

Tf}v

^oulki^v Tvpov Koi Ttvwp' eripwv, 3 and 9.
;

— On
Juv.
wcrre

the greatness of Tyre see Ezek. 27

Is.

23

;

Mayor's note on

I.

27 [Tyje =: Sur

=

" rock "].

too-ovtov? twv iroXep.ioiv aTrwXecrev
avfji(f>opa';

-jroXXous

Tle/jawv Trev^owras rots avTwv

/xe/Av^cr^ai

tt}?

dp€T^s T^s cKctVou.

Blass

(/. «. /,,

pp. 124, 2G3) notices the elevated

tone and careful choice of words in this
dTrcKTeu'cv
;

sentence
€K€tVou

;

dirwXea-ev

for

7rj<;

operas

t^s

cKeiVov,

where

would have been

sufficient

;

(rvp.(f)opai

rather than Kaxd.


56
§ G3. reXevTuiv, "finally."
see
cf.


NOTES.

On
T]Sr]

certain participles used as adverbs

Goodwin,

§

109, note S.—iveTrX-qaev,
01
;

"made them weary of";
eVt^u/tetv

VI. 69, TMV Sctvwv
kfXTrX-qaOria-ovTai

fxev

[xcaTol Tiryxavouo-iv ovtcs, ol Se 8ta
4,
So^t/s

rax^oiv

Ep.

III.

koL

jx-qUtroT'

ifXTTiTrXaa-OaL

Trpoai^KU

rots

ttoXv tcov

oAAwv huvcyuovcnv.

Blass com-

pares Hom., II., XIX. 423, ot' X^|w Trptv Tpwas aSr/v eXao-at TroXifxoio, " drive them to satiety of war."— eTroi-^WrTo, i.e., the Persians, through
Orontes.

For the conditions of peace
rrj'S

see Diodor.,

XV.

9.

Evag.

was

to fiaa-iXeveiv

2aAa/xTj/os koI tov wptcr/xeVov StSoVat <^opov Kar'

iviavTov KOL viraKOveiv ws (3o.cnX€vs ^aaiXfi TrpoaTarrovri.


;

Kti^y]aavT€<;.
cf.

See on §

7.

rvpawlSos called
Trj<;

(Saa-iXeLa

in

§§ 25, 41

§

42,

Tvpai'vov aVTov

ttoA-ccos KarecrTYjcrev.

§ 64. ivTo?.

"Within a

certain time "
;

is

expressed by Isoc. either
is

by

cvTos as here, or

by

iv,

IV. 87

or, if

the statement

general,

by

the simple genitive, VI. 109, pMcpov )^6vov.

rptwv irwv, 396

— 394

b.c.

This war

is

called 6 7ro/\e/xos 6 vrepi 'PoSov.

" Isoc. considers the war

between Persia and Sparta as having virtually begun in 396 b.c, in which year Agesilaus took the command in Asia, and Conon took
the chief

command

of the Persian

fleet.

He

considers that Persia

took au-ay the empire (d<^eiXETo t-^v apx^v) of Sparta by the victory of This is, of course, a rhetorical exaggeration ; for, Cnidus, in 394.

though

it is

true that the maritime

power

of Sparta

was crushed

at

" (Jebb's Attic Cnidus, the Spartan apxn in Hellas lasted till Leuctra Cf. Pan., § 142, Phil, § 63.— dc^ei'AeTo, sc. Orators, IL, p. 112).
ySao-tAeus,

an abrupt change of subject, as the subject of

iTroirjo-avTo

was

ol liipa-ai.

h-T]

Sena

;

Diodor.

XV,

9, 6 Ki;7rptaK09 ttoXc/aos Se/cacr?;?

(TxeSov yeyevry/io'os

(390—380

B.C.,

see § 57.

Note on the Cyprian
232, note
2).

War)
TOV
o 8c

Koi TO irXiov Toi) xpovor Trept Tropao-Kenas dcrxoAij^ets SteVv/ XP^^°^
Trao-t 8.

IttI
IT.

(rui/exws i-rroXeixi^Ov (cf. Blass, I. v. I., p.

See on §

8.

oto's re.

The

relative force of oo-tc, ^re, ore,

and their cognates was developed out of the demonstrative (/cat os or who) which still exists in Hom. when they became true OS T£ relatives, as in Att., re was dropped, except in a few phrases, as aTe,

=

;

wcTTe, e^' wTC, oios t€, ecTe.

" (instead of the simple toi, Hke kol yap for § 65. KatToi, " indeed KatVot in ydp), and so not in its usual adversative sense " and yet."


the former sense VII. 18.


is
.

——


NOTES.


by ttws
cf. III.
;


57
25, IV. 96,

often in Isoc. followed
.

;

(^avetrai

fifvos see

on

§ 6.

See on § 37 and for virepfSaXoSee on § 29. koX t->;v 86^av, tootovtol to ttXtjOos.
,

v7r€p(3a\6fj.evos.

" the renown he
is

won would have been
and
like the
2.

greater than theirs."
e/cet'i/ous

airwv

dependent on

/xet^w,

preceding

refers to twv

^pdjtDv,

§§

65

See on §

72. Kecapitulation of the achievements of Evagoras.
life.

His

prosperous
§ 65. § 54. 2.

His death.
[a-KOTrot/xo'

o-KOTTot/xei/

V,

A
el

;

cett.

cod. o-KOTrwynev], Goodwin,
is

"The

irregularity in

tovto yevoiTO, Travra KaXcos c^et

precisely the

same as in the English " if this should happen, all will be well," where the more regular apodosis would be "all would be See on § 42. well," as in Greek Travra koAcSs av £;i(ot. TTpdyfxacnv. Cf. See on § 49 [os om. T, quod malit Sauppe ws E, et re. A. OS.
;

71].


8.

TroAtretas.
ajMLKTov,

§ 67.

See on § 46. " shut oif from intercourse with others
(§ 47), or aTrpoo-oto-rov (§ 49),
cf.

"

= tows
I.

"EX^Tyvas ov

irpocrSex^ofjLeuov

Thuc,

77,

ert Se

Trpos Tourots, cf. § 1,

and

Trpos 8e tovtol^,

§§ 72, 75.
the king.

o^Tws KaXws.
§ 68.
TTJs

See on

§

39.

twv aXXwv, the other

allies of

'Ao-tas Kuptos

[as the result of the

peace of Antalcidas,
vo/xi'^ct

387
Tas

B.C.,

Xen., Hell., V. 1, 31, 'Apra^cp^s
Acrta ttoXcis iavrov
0€
etj/at,

/?ao-iXei»s
vt/ctojv

StKator,

p.£v ev TTj

Kat twv
Kat

KXa^o/xevas koi
kol
p,eyaXus,
Se,

Kwpov

Tas

aXXas
TrXryv

EXXT^vtSas

TroXets,

p.iKpa<;

avTov6fx.ov<;

dc^eivat,

Arjuvov

Kat

Ifxfipov
(cf.

Kat

I^Kvpov TaiJras

wo-TTcp TO ap^aLov, ea-at 'AOrjvaiow, k.t.X..

IV. 141) Schneider].
the

I

think that Isoc. does not in this passage allude to

peace of

Antalcidas, but to the results of the victory at Cnidus (b.c. 394).
Trjv Tjireipov.

See on

§ 55.

ol S"'EXXijv€s, i.^.j ol 8'

aXXot ^EXXt^vcs, see

on

§ 56.

TocrovTov lirihoa-av,

" gained such an increase of influence."
;

cTre'Soo-av is

used absolutely again in § 81
Scuo-oj/Tas after

cf.

§

7, eVtSoo-tv Xa/A/3ai/eiv.
cf.

Tr]v

apxV

the battle of Cnidus,

VII. 65,

TrpeV/Sfts
o.p)(r^v

cX^ovTas Trap
T^s ^aXamys.

avrdv koI

StSoi'ras (" offering ")

t^

ttoXci tt/v

tt^v

§ 69. TTOTepov,

which should
t/,

strictly

be followed
cf.

by only one
0.
T.,

alternative with
TTOTcpa
8'ei/

is

here followed by two,
dypots 6 Adi'os
17

Soph.,

112,

ot/cois

^

V

y^s

ctt'

oXXt/s TwSf o-vpiTrLTmi


58
cfiovw
;

— —
on the other hand, the

NOTES.
and
in Soph.,
is

EL, 539

— 544 by three
left

;

second alternative

sometimes

to be supplied, Isoc, XII. 22,
i/^tvoecrpai Trcpt fJ.ov

diropu) TTorepov dvTtKaTTjyopw

Koi

Ae'ye/.v

dveTTiTT/Setov (so

twv iWiafxivoiV dec tl " utrum," e.g., Cic, In
Theophrast.,

Verr., II. 69, 167).
1,
-qS-q
/u,ev

eTTto-TT^o-w

T^v

Sidvoittv,

cf.

Char, proem.,

Kat TrpoTepov ttoXXcxkl's

eTntrTiycras Tijv Stavoiav; Arist.,

Meiaph.,

I.

6.

i(f>L(TTdvaL Tf]v yvw/ATjv (the

reading of V) appears not to have been a

usual phrase; e^to-Tai/at was more often used absolu'iely, to "give
attention."
§

70. Sojpeas,

i.e., rrjs

adavaaia'i.

ivOdBe,

"here on earth,"
" those
in

cf.

§ 2,
irepL-

XIV.

61,

n-e(T6vTa<i,

where it is opposed " falling into." Isoc.
yap
d-n-iXnrev €v8.,

to oi cKet,
is

Hades."

thinking especially of Hercules.

§ 71.

Ti

" in what respect

was he wanting

in

happiness?"
ecrx^
TLixyji'.

cf.

XII. 76,
is

ti

yap cKetvos

iviXi-n-ev,

os Tr]XiKavTr]V fxkv
;

Evagoras

the subject, and tl the object, of dTreXiTrev

cf.

Thucyd., VIII. 22,
ab ovhh/ pendet.

ol

Xtot ovSe.v dTroXetTrovTes 7rpo6vp.[a^ {7rpo6vp.La<i
d-woXd-.Tuv rtvds

Nam
toi)

dictum esse sensu intransitivo

exemplis comprobare nequimus.

Poppo).

os is causal, see
rrj

on
;

§

49.
§

Tw

crwp.ari,

i.e.,

awp-aTos tw KctAAei Kat
Tijs
4^v)(rjs

pwp-j],

§ 22

cf.

23,

rats Tov crw/Aaros

Kat rats
cf.

dperats

StijveyKev.

For

crw/Aa

contrasted with

yvoijxrf

§ 74.

SaAap-tros.

Salamis was situated

on the east coast of Cyprus,
the construction

at the

mouth
Acts

of the Pedaeus, a
xiii. 5.

few miles
jxyrip/qv,

north of the modern Famagoosta,
is

cf.

Trcpt

avrov

after the

analogy of
cf.

fjLep.v7ia-6ai.

Trcpt

rtvos,
is

for

which see on
second aor. of a

§

12.— cyStw,
-p.t,

IV. 151,

e/Jtwo-av.

" This

the

somewhat

rare present ^to'w, formed on the

model of

the ordinary vej'bs in

with this difference, that

8tScup,t

has c8oo-av

with a short penult., but
a long peuult.
cyStw

yStow

has

ij^Lwcrav (cf.

eyvwcrav cdAwcrav) with
jirst aor., cyStwo-a, is
;

occurs in Evag., § 71.
s.v.

The

extremely rare

(v.

Veitch, Gk. Verbs,

^tow and ^dw
writers
t,ouo.

and Cobet,
Arist. the
perf.

Nov.

Lect.,

576)."

Sandys ad

loc.

In

before

pres. and imperf. are mostly supplied

by

For the

see

§ 70.

Prof.

Jebb

{Atlic Orators, II., p. 107) thinks that Isoc. could

not have written thus (§§ 70 72) while the memory of the king's death was fresh. Evagoras was assassinated together with his son Pnytagoras in 374 b.c. by Thrasydaeus, a eunuch, whose master,


NOTES.
one Nikokreon, had just
against the king's
u)S
T-ij


59

life.

fled from Salamis on the detection of a plot Theopompus, Frag. Ill in Phot., Cod., 176,
TiatSt KaTa\eL(fi$€L(xrj Kopij

Ikuvov l^tKOKpiovTO<i)
TTttts

Eiayopas re Kat 6
Ty

TOVTOV

UvuTayopas
Tjv

Xav6a.vovT€<; aXkrjXovi avveKcidcvhov, ©patruSatov
Tvapa. jJ.epo'i VTr-qpeTOv/xcvov

Tov evvovxpV) o5
Trpos TTyv

'HXetos to ytVo?, avrols
kol
tos

Kopr/v aKoXaata,
e/cetvcoi'

tovto airots atriov o/UOpov yiyovev,
Cf. Aristotle, Polit., Ixxvi.

©pao-uSatov t^v

dvatpeo-iv KaTepyacrafxevov.
;

V.

8,

10

;

Diodorus,

XV. 47
. .
.

and Grote, chap.

See farther

on § 78.
§

72. cr;rav6(jJTaT0V
;

/cat ;(aXe7r., cf.

XV.

81, Xoyoi a-TravLwrepoi koX

^aXeTTwrepoi
Ti>xet(^,

XII. 125, o SoKei ^^aXeTrwraTOv etvat Kat cnravLoWaTOv.
infinitive,
jxlv
cf.

explanatory

§ 28.

KaXovixevov,
Kat
ol

cf.

Harpocrat.,
KaXovvTUL

p.

18,

Bekk.

oi

viol

tov

/^acrtXews

dSeXe^ot

avaKTCS ("princes"), at Sk dSeXc^at Kat yvvoLKes dvacrcrai ("princesses").
'ApLaroTcXrjs h/ ttJ Kv^rptcov
TToXtTeict.

^cos

€i/

dv^pwTTOts, cf.

XXIV.
aXXwv
TTCpt

258.

'EKTopa, 05 ^eos

to-KC (xct

avBpda-Lv.

Hom.,
et

//.,

prjOrjvaL

[xaXio-T
1.,

av

apfj-oa-eieu,

"would very

appropriately be said;"
roiacTa
TrpoetTreti/,

cf.

VIII.

Trept

TtvUiv 7rpayf/,uT(i)v rjpfx.0(T^
)

ooKei /xot TrpcTretv Kat
Trept

Twv vvv TTapovTWi/
Xoyous

and

for Trept C.
et

ace. V. 11,
. .

Tr;v

avTrjV

VTroOea-LV hvo

etTretv.

§ 54,

1.

— With

Kk)(pr]vTai

.

av

dpp-ocretey.

Good win,

this passage

should be contrasted Isoc, Or., III.

(Nikokles) § §

29—35.

§§ 73 81. Conclusion. " The portrait of a man's character is a Exhortation to better memorial than an image of his body."
NJcocles to emulate his father's virtues.

§ 73. Twv

p.ei/

.

.

.

TToXXa

p.eV.

To
rrjs

ttoXXo.

p.eV

corresponds ov p.^v
since Isoc. begins

uXXd
a

;

there

is

no clause corresponding
vcn(.pLt,oi
. .

to

twv
ttjs cf.

/acv,

new

sentence.

.

dKp.r^5
;

ifxavrov,

"nam

meaj

ipsius setatis

vigorem desidero," Mitchell

Ep., VI. 4 (To the sons

of Jason, about
TTJ-i

359 b.c), KpetTTw
Blass

ypdi//at

ouk dv SvvaLfxriv toctovtov
it

dK/x^s

{lo-repojv.

(I. u. I., p.

2G2) remarks that

would be

wrong

to class (with Orelli
(b.c.

such as the riiilippus

and others) the Ecagoras with orations 340), and Anlidosis (b.c. 353), which show
Blass dates the Evagoras 370,
it

signs of the weakness of age.
Isoc.

when

was 6G years old; Jebb dates

365 or

later {Attic Orators, 11.,

p. 107).

— ov

p.7jv

dXXa^

oi

)ai)v otp.at

»-oXXa TrapaXtTretv, dXXd.

ScO OU


60
§ 33.
ye,


;

NOTES.
o(TOV, SC. eyoi iyK(i}[XLdt,ei.v r]Bvvd[xr]v
;

cf. Isaetis,
;

VII. 41, Koi

ifii

oaa Kara

rrjv

ijj,r]v

rjXiKLav, evpyjcreTe ov
e/cctvot,

kukov

Denaosth, XVIII. 153,

vvv 8e

l-jvia-^ov
ko-l

avrbv

fxaXtarTa fxkv Oewv rtvos cvvota Trpos v/xSs,
Si ijxe.

eira fxevroi
Ci. II.

oaov Ka6' eva dv8pa, Koi
Ttts £t/cdi/as tt}?

—twv

crco/AaTajv
fj

eiKovas

'

86, [iovXov
;

apcr^s

viroixvrjfxa

fxaXXov

rov o-w/xaros
etvat

KaToAiTreii/

Plutarch, Cvnon, 2, eiKova ttoXv KaXkiova
o.Tro/At/AOw/Aei'i^s

i/o/At^ovres
»cat toi/

T^s TO crw/Mx Kai to TrpocrwTrov
ifX(fiavi^ov(Tav
;

t^v to ^^os

toottov

Cic, Pro Archia, 12. animorum simulacra, sed corporum,
:

An

statuas et imagines,

non

studiose multi

summi homines
et

reliquerunt

consiliorum relinquere ac virtutum nostrarum effigiem
ingeniis


cf.

nonne multo malle debemus, summis
rois Tc^^i'iKws e)(ov(n,

expressam

politam ?

"composed according
fJLeTO.

to the rules of
{Jirj

art;"

IV. 48, VI. 100, uxTTE Tovs

Te)(yrjs

cyKW/xia^ovras

8vva(r6ai,

Tov<s iTTaivovs i^Lcruxrai rat? iKuvuiv dperals.

§ 74. Tvrrovs here includes both pictures and statues
i^evexOrjvaL 0\

;

cf.

§ 75.
Blass,

The

6' is

the conjecture of Kayser, adopted

by

in order to avoid hiatus.

Schneider,
it

who

leaves the hiatus in his

text, suggests in his note that

might be removed by the insertion
(cf.

of TovTovs, referring to tous Aoyous

tovs rei^vtKws ej^ovra?,

§

73).

On

the subject of the hiatus in Isoc. see Sandys' Introduction to

Ad

Demonicum, and note on Pan. § 143. (" The fact that there are many passages in which alteration is impossible raises considerable doubts
as to the propriety of altering the
is

MS. reading where such
from hand to hand,"

alteration
cf.

possible").

StaSo^cvTas, "passing

V.

7.

The
itself

reference

is

to circulation after publication, not to publication

(eK8o6eVTas= " published," V. 11). "Isocrates. ..the great composer of Reading Speeches, which enjoyed a wide circulation throughout Greece." (Hales's "Introd." to Milton's Arcopagitica, -p.

XXX).
§

— Siarpt/Jais

.

.

.

dyaTrdcrOaL,

" to meet with approval in the

discussions."
75. Trpos Se tovtols, SC. Trpo/cptVoj ras twv Trpa^ecov Koi t^s Stavoias

ciKwas, as iy rots Aoyots dv rts rots Te^iKol? dewprjaeLev.

Schneider,

thinking that toTs Xeyofxevot? refers not to ordinary conversation, but
to TexuLKOL \6yoi contrasted with TreTrXaa-jxevoL^ kol yeypa/xfjuevoL's (" the

products of the statuary's and of the painter's art
^oci.

conj. of

Auger and Coray) instead of

dXXi^Xwv.

"),

reads oAAcov (the
V,
v.,

\ fxifjueLa-aOc

Bk.


NOTES.
TeKixepeaOai
(;u,t/x.

——
"

61
re/c/xatpeo-^at Bs.,

mg. T (idem habuisse videtur A),
censens
iKfjidrrea-Oai
s.

Sch.

frigere

dTro/Aarrecr^at,
;

conj.

Dobr.)].
7roAA.ot

)(pr](rTo2^, cf.

XI. 34, ofioXoyw Xiav
ctvat cra(f)i(rTwv
',

eivai ToXfMt]p6<;

IV. 3,

twv

"TTpocnroLrja'afxevwv

XII. 121, 570, 572.

ei/

rais TroAecrtv

iJ.eyL<TTaL<s

vvv

eti/ttt

SoKov'o-ats,
cf.

Curtius,

§ §

For the

less

usual
/cara-

accusative

XVII.

56,

vfiwv

Bio/xai,

/xefJLvrjfxevov;

TO'VTiDV

ij/rjffitaracrOai.

§ 76. ypd<f)etv.

Isoc. in speaking of his

own

productions uses the
cf.

unassuming ypa^av rathei^ than
'Evayopov.
(i.e.,

a-vyypd(f>eLv,

See on
;

§ 13.

§ §

8,

80.

arr'

cn^vStaTpt^civ,
[JLvOuiv

" occupy yourselves with
^Stcrra
a-vvSLaTpl/Soixev rots

by reading)

cf.

IV. 158, rwv

TpojtKots
§ 77.

/cat Ilepo-t/cot?.

(f>iXo(ro(f)Lav.

following dXXoTpLOLs.
Xeyciv
Koi
Trparretv,
cf.

See on §
otKctots,

8.

ir^povs,

i.e.,

ovk

oc/cet'ous

=

the

" in your

own

family,"
in

cf.

I.

9.

the

aim of the instruction

the

Isocratic

philosophy,

XV. 266, 271.

//.T^Sei/bs
;

rJTTOv

=

p.-i)

rjTTov

nvos dXXov.

Bvvr](r£L,

referring to Nicocles only

we

should rather have expected

SwrjcreaOe.

§ 78. d/AcXets used absolutely,
Trepi

cf. II. 10.

^TroXXaKts aot 8ta»ceXev'o/Aat

Twv avTwv.

These words have been taken as indicating the

letter

To

Nicocles,

and

as- showing, therefore, that the

Evagoras

is

later

than that work.

This

is

the view of the scholiast

who wrote
260).
u.c.

the argument to Or., 2, of Schneider, and of Blass

(7. u. I., p.

Professor Jebb,

however, (who

dates the
this

Ad

Nicocl.
is

374 or
18,

873) thinks that the inference from
(Attic
TrpwToi

passage

not a safe one

Orators, II., p.
Se Koi
fiovoL

107).

Trpwros koL p,oVos, cf. Lysias, II.,
£/c/3aXovT£S ras

ev

eKCiVw

tw xporw

Trapa cr0i(riv

avTOL'i BvvaaT€La<; S-qp-oKpaTLav KarecTTrjcravTO.

Isoc. here exaggerates,

since the tyrant Dionysius had, before Nicocles, studied philosophy.

But the words need not be pressed,
expression,
Tre-n-oiTjKe.

Trpwros koI fxovos being a formal
oiSe
Trpoiros


;

e.g.,

XII.,

17,

ov

p.6vo<;

^v6vvov% Totaura

(juXoaocfieLv kol Troveiv ettlk.,

" you have engaged in laborious
kol
;

studies,"
Karecjivyov

cf,

XII.,

11,

iirl

rb

^iXoo-oc^eii/

Trovetv

kol

ypdcfxiv

IV. 186,

TrovrjcreL

kol

^(Xo(ro</)rjo"ei

IV.

6,

(TKOTreii/

koL

<f)iXo(ro(f)ilv

(with Sandys' note).
irepl

d</)cp.£Vovs,
il/rj(jiov.

sc.

rovrm',
(7.
11.

cf. 7.,

XV. 29,
p.

d</)£p,evos

TOVTOiV,

wv oiaeTe

ti/v

—Blass

260)

— —
6'2'


.

NOTES.
from
this

infers

passage ov yap

.

.

XiXrjda?

.

.

.

,

otl

.

.

.

<f>iXo(ro<}i€tv

Kat TTovilv lTnK€)(€Lpr]Ka^, ovS' OTL TToXXovs Twv fiao-iXewv

TTotv/o-ets

(notice

the future)

.

.

.

tovtojv twv harpifSwy IttiOv^jluv;

and from §§ 80, 81,
fruit.

that the Evagoras
his

was written
studies

early in the reign of Nicocles, before

philosophical
§

could

have

borne

—lo

my
III.

note

on

71 I have dated the death of Evag. 374 b.c, following Diodorus,

Schneider, and Jebb.
irapaXafiiiv

But Blass

(I. n. I., p.

246)
fitv

infe}'s

from

31,

or

eh

tt/f

ap^rjv KaOLOTOLfJLrjv

to.

jSaaiXeio,

^^pr)fj.dTWv

Keva Koi Trdvra KaTy]vaXw[xeva, k.t.X., and 33, d^aTov 8e t^? "EAAaSos
rjfuv ovcrrjs ota rbv TroXefjLov

rov yeyevrjfxa/ov,

/cat

Travra^ov crv^wfLivoiV
rjfJLa? Sl.aK€LfieV(DV,

rjpMV
Kat

.

.

,

£Tt

Sk

TWV
jjhv

TTjV VrjCTOV

i^OVTWV SvCTKoXcoS TrpOS

Aoyw StrjXXayfxevov, r^ KaXyjOeca rpa^^eu)<; exovTO<;, that the death of Evagoras and accession of Nicocles took place soon after the close of the Cyprian War. As he dates the end of the war in 380 (see on § 57), he suggests 378 as the probable date of the
death of Evag,
§ 79.
0/1,0)?.

paaiXew; tw

See on

§ 11.

koL yap,
cf.
I.

namque
46,

etiam.

§ 80. Trapo^vveiv

opeyeaOai,

opiyeaOaL twv KaXwv epywv.

fxdXia-Ta

Kav

',Tapoiw6€Lr]<i

iv

tw

TrapovTi.
;

Isoc.

generally omits
tV

Kaipw after iv tw wapovTi,

e.g.,

IV. 187

but in VII. 78,

tw

Trapovrt

Kaipw Koi Toi? irapeXOovcri ^povois.
causal sentence, and

ws here introduces a co-ordinate

may be
)•

translated

by "for,"

cf.

IV. 174; VI. 7.

See also VH. 54 (eVct
§ SI-

XPV ^'ouK dyaTrdv,

viz., ae.

For the omission of
^pi?, cf.

Ihe subject

of an infinitive depending on Sel or
et,

V. 78, VII. 18.

— dya^av
;

cf.

V. 22, VII. 52, Goodwin,
dya-n-q.
el
fjurj

§

56,

who
et

quotes Aeschin,, Cor.,
p.7]

§

147, ovK

Slktjv

eSwKev, aXA.'
is

kol •)(pv(Tw (TTeffidvw

(rTe<liavwO-q(T€TaL dyavaKret,

"he

not content

if

he was not punished

but

if

he

is

indignant."

not also to be crowned with a golden crown, be
aTro

is

Atos.

See Appendix and note on § 13.
(cf.

-n-aXaiov,
jxev

"anciently," "remotely,"
TToAatov 'Jjaav OvyaTepes)
2, p.
;

Lysias, 11. 4. 'A/;ta^oVes "Apcws

to

viroyvLov,

" lately," " di]-ectly," (cf. Suid., I.

1154, ®ewv yeyovwq

aTro ri}? tepas M.api<eXXr]<s to
'FikSlklov).

ye dvexaOev, to

8e e^ vTToyvLov iraTpoOei'

d-n-o

viroyvLov is used of time in
;

XVIIT. 29,
[J.0L

vTToyvLov

yap

icTTiv,

e$ ov icuTeffivyofxev

XV.,

4,

viroyviov

T^s

Toi; (3lov TeXevTTjs ovo-tjs

(" at hand ").

Cf. IV., 13.

.

— ——
;

APPENDIX ON THE TEXT*

——
<.
;

§ 3. §

tuK\ew<;, v., Stob., 51,

29

ey/coXws, T, et re.

yp A, Bk., Sch.
irrciS^]

13.

Ko.O'

avTov?;

i<aO'

eavvoos Sch.
;

§ 15. eTretS*; re;

8c Scb.

§ 21. Se Twv Z, v., Bs., Sch.
fjieuov;

Se koI

twv V, A, Bk.
§

Tous)

aywvas

;

rous

dywvas.
iV<?ii;

§

22. TOWS {Oeaaa-

24.

a7ro/3/\ei/fCtai/

Sch.
.
.

;

aTro-

/SXc'i/^atev.

See Rutheiford's
-ecav

Phnjvichiis, p.

442 ("

.

there

can be no doubt that

was the genuine
its

plural ending.

The

manuscript authority
it

is

consistently in

favour, and

when

that fails
/ac'AXojv

must be restored in our texts."
TTpaitv

§

29. /.leAXovro?, F, Bs., Sch.;

T€ V.
(cf.

A,

v.,

Bs., Sch.

;

xoX/.c T,
;

Bk.

Vl. 74)

;

oxvpoi/ Scb.

avTw Sch.

avrio.

— 30. e^^pov E, —
§
.

Aid., Bs.
;

7rpoo-e/3aXXe(v), F, Bs.

TTpoG-c/SaXe Sch.

§ 32.

aTTO.i/Tas

(tovs ixOpov<;), rov? e^Opov^ ex. conj.
/act'
;

Sauppii uncis

incl. Bs.,

Sch.

(/ca).

6X.

.

.

a-n-.

r.

i.

del.

Kayser)
kol rov? t

uTravvas vot/s i)(Opov<s

IXet//

E, Z, Bs.
^S.

IXwv (F, A) Bk., Sch.

F, A, Bs.

;

Koi Tous Sch.

[iXwvTO
Bk.,

rousr' K).
-,

§

33. KaraXiToi.pL, A, v.,
;

Cob.

;

KaraXeLTTOLfJiL

V,
;

Sch.

'dpcTrjv

Sch.

re

dpcr?}*/

twv
oto//,at
§

TTcirpayfx.^i'Wi'

pr.

F

n"^)?/

eKctVw 7re7r,oay/xGio)v Sch.

oi/^at

Sch.

;

[" both good Attic," Bathefford's iW'»; Phrynichas, p. 432].

37.

avToC Sch.
p.

;

eavroti ["

both good Attic," Rutherford's
rjixi.6eo?

New
§

Phrynichus^
rj

432].

§

39. ovO'
(coll.

Sch.
:

;

ovre

t]ju9(.o<;.

40.

KoiriTrj'i
(r)

Lange, Dobr.
i) 77.

V. 109, 144)

p-^r^p
;

t) -koi.

F, A, Bk., Sch.

p;ro)p

v.).

§ 41. v'!rep(3aX6fxevo<; E, Z, V.
;

vTrep/SaXXo/xcvo^ F, A, Bk., Sch.
v.,

o/x,oiw?

conj. Turr.

KaXws (cum anaphora non sane Isocratea), F,

Bk,

Sch. [o/xoiws KoAw? A, E].
first

§

42. TrapiXeurev Cor.

;

TTapiXnrfv Sch.
;

* The

reading

is

that of Blass's revision of Benseler (Teiibncr)

the

second

is

that of Baiter and Sauppe.

Other readings are in brackets.


64

APPENDIX ON THE TEXT.
§ 43. avTOV Sell.; eauTOV.

T, A, Bk., Sch.

§

46. rvpavviKos v., Stob., Bs.; jjnyaXocfipwv
;

§

47. ^olvlkwv Aid., Bs., Sch.

twv ^olvlkmv.

avTov Sch.
Trepl rrjv

;

iavrov.

§
;

49.
koX

§ 50. /cai

twv

Trepi ttJv

aXXrjv A, V., Bs., Sch.

aXXyv T, Bk.

§ 52.

Sva-TvxW^-'S Bs.

ex

Arist., PJi., II.

23

(Kovwv yovv
•y

Sv(TTV)(i]cra<i

Travras tov<; aAAous TrapaAtTrcov ws
[Suo-Tuoijcras

Euayopav

^X^ei/) coll.,

V. 62, Sch.

t^s ttoXccos F]

;

Sv(m;x>7crdcn/s t^s
;

TToXews cett., Bk.
a-rp.

§ 55.

o-rpaTOTreSov
;

KaTaaTrja-aiVTO V., Bs.

KaraarT.

(r,

A) Bk., Sch.— Kparj^cretav
;

KpuTi^aaiev Sch., see

on § 24.

TOVTo re Blass
Sch.
g.
:

[tovto pr. T, Bs.] airov re v., Bk., Sch.

§

56.

§

57. ttXciovos

ttXcovos.

On
8'

the forms of ttXciW, ttXcwv see Liddell and Scott,

v.— §

62. eVeiSj?

Sch.

;

tVetST;

8e.— § 69.

Stavotav A, E,

mg.
Bs.
S'
.

T, Bs.,
;

Sch.;

yvu)p,r)v,

V, V., Bk. Cf. I. 34.

§

70. /AaKapicrroTaros, A, V., Bs.
/8tov SiereXecre,
;

fiaKapioWo.Tos, r, Bk., Sch.
T. y8.

r, Bk., Sch.
;


.

— § 71. tov

§
;

A,

v.,

;

SttrcX.
.

§ 72. ovuev T, Bs.
8c.

oiSeva Sch.

tovs
;

.

Ttts 8' §

Sch,

Toi)s

§€
0'

.

.

Tas

73.

TrXct'ovos

Sch.
codd.,

ttXcovos.

74.

iia'exOrji^at

conj.

Kayser
§

i^cvexO^vai

Sch.

[i^evexOevras

Jacob, i^ev del. Bs.]
Sch. Cf.
§

75. koI toIs ytypa/^/i,. v.; Kat yeypafxp.. V, A, Bk.,
;

50.— §
d-TTo
;

80. Kat Xe'yetv V.
;

Xeyciv V, A, Bk., Sch. Cf. VIII.

145.

— § 81.

Alos V.
cf.

Ik Aios T,

A, Bk., Sch.

Est Isocratis variare
;

praepositiones

praeterea V. 76, 115, 127; VI. 8

X. 43.

MSS. OF ISOCRATES.

r

Codex Urbinas.
Vaticanus.

A 936 © A 65 H
E
Z

Laurentianus.
Vaticanus.

Marcianus.

Ambrosianus.
Scaphusianus.

Copiae Victoriana3 (Vict.) lectionis varietas a P. Victorio in exemplai'i

sue editionis Aldinae margini annotata.

v.=vulgata

lectio ea, quaj ante
est.

Bekkerum

fuit

;

quaeque ab eo, ope

Urbinatis codicis, sublata

On

the

MSS. and

text of Isocrates see the editions

of Sandys, of

Baiter and Sauppe, and of Blass (Teubner).

APPENDIX ON THE TEXT.

65

EDITIONS OF ISOCRATES.
(1)
(2)

(3)
(4) (5)

The editio princeps, Demetrius Chalcondylas, Milan, 1493. The Aldine ed., Venice, 1513. Jerome Wolf, Basle, 1570. Henry Stephens, Paris, 1593.
William Battle, 1729.

(6) Athanasius Auger, Paris, 1782. (7) Gulielmus Lange, Halis, 1803.

(8) Coray, Paris, 1807-8.
(9)

Bekker, Oxford, 1822

;

Berlin, 1823.

(10) (11)

W. W.

Dindorf, Leipzig, 1825.
S.

Dobson, London, 1828.

(12) Baiter and Sauppe, Zurich, 1839.
(13) Baiter, Paris (Didot), 1846.

(14) Benseler, Leipzig, 1851.
(15) Blass, revision of (14), Leipzig, 1878-9.

Scholia: Coray, 1807-8;

W.

Dindorf, Oxford,

1852; Baiter and

Sauppe, 1850,

INDEX.

<>

dyawdv
61

ei,

81.

evlaTacrdai

Trepl rtvos, 12.

ddavdrT), 16.
Tts aiadrjffis Tols iKei, 2.
dXrjOeiai, 5.

rd

€TrL(pep6p.eva, 1.

^/)70v

TToXi) d;' ef?;

^pyov, 51.

^Ti 5^ TrpoS TOVTOIS, 67.
;

dWos

omitted, 56

ot

dWoi,

oi,

61.

e3 transposed, 58.
ey^i)? uffirep elxe, 30.

d/xeXeiv,

absolute, 78.
TrdXii',

dvaXa/xlidveif
d;'Tt, 3.

56.

e<pLKvel<jdaL, 49.

i(pi(7Tdvai Ti]v Sidvoiav,
;

69

;

errttrrjj^'ot

dTToXeiTreiv, 71

dTroXeiTreadai., -17.

eTTt r«,

58.

dwOTOpLWS, 10.

rd
rds dp^ds, 19.

ix<^IJ-^va,

33

;

eO^iij iaairep elxe. 30.

ff

ttpX'?^! /card

d(pl€<r6ai, 78.

^Xf' KaKuis, c. dat. rei, 10. ^ Kara, 21; rd Ka^' Tfiiepav. 43.
KaTTjvdXuiffev, 60.
ijireipos,

d^opfXTjv Xa/MiSdveiv. 28.

^dpj3apoL, 17.
/3ao"iAei''s,

55.

57.

TOl' |3iOJ'

/J.€TaWdTTflV. 15. Seoiws. 60.

/cai,

Kadiardvai iv, 30. joining genus and species, 51 Kat for •^, 32; et /cat, 24; /cat ^^v, 36.
KalroL, 65.

;

fjuKpou oerc,
StjXoCi',

58

;

p-LKpov 5iw. 62.

33.

Karopdovf TToXXd, 52.
KLPeiv, 1.

5t7/xotik6s, -16.

Staotooi'ai, 74.

((piardvai diaTpi^eiv
e/3tw, 71.
et

ttjj'

otd^'otaf, 69.

Koapelv, 5. Kpiatv TToieicrdai irepl nvos, 42.

rt Set

X^yopra diarpi^eLV, 31.
Trepi rtvos, 2.

Xapfidvuv

d(popfi7jv,

28.

diepx^o'do.i' Ti

and

Xavf^dvetc, 58.
X^7eti' (cat Trpdrret;',

77

;

X^7e«v

P-f'i-i^,

xai, 24.

48
eirj/ceiva, 6.

;

Xeyeiv, omitted, 28.

eKeWev. 11.
(KeivdJ!,

Xmc, transposed,
;

48.
;

39

X670S " prose," 10
fxr]

Xbyoiv evperTjs, 40.

iKiro^Giv TToie'iffdai. 26.
i/jLTriTrXripii.,

udXXov
. . .

ij,

43.
;

63.

^€ifw Xiyeiv, 48
/u^c

fjLei^ovws, 21.

ev^d5e, 70. evTos, 64.

^^, 14.

/xeraXXdrTfiv rbv ^lov, 15.
/xera^v, C. part., 58.
^ireiTO. 5e, 42.

^ferw, 34. ?7reiTa for
e:rt,

p-inpou Selv,

58

;

/card fiiKpdv, 59.

34

;

iiniKUva.. 6.

fiovos Kai irpwTOS. 78.
»'aL'7r7?7eri' Tpirjpeis,

eTTtSiSd^'at. 68.
^TriSoffis. 7.

47.

oios re, 64.

INDEX.
OflUVV/JiOi TIVOS, 18.
(TTTtii'tos /coi x<^^^''''5s,

67
72.

SfMUS, 11.

crvyyvu/iri ttoXXtj, 8.
9.

dvofiara Kaiva, ^'tva, Situs, c. fut., 25.
opfxav, GO.
6s,

ffVpSiarpipeiv, 76.

re

.

.

.

^e, 15.

reXeuTtSi', 63.
rex''"f'^s> 73.

causal, 49.

dffov, elliptical, 73.
8a-Tis,

TIjXlKOVTOS, 22.

consecutive, 35.

TodoOrot,

tam

pauci, 29.

oiiS' fls

and

ovSeis, 47.
;
.

eV Traz'Tos rpdirov, 39.
. .

oCtos,

touto /xiv inserted, 74 ovto}, separated from Tovro Se, 14 the word it qualifies, 39.
;

vTrdpxc-v e^ dpxv^, 19 ; irpdrepov inrdpra X^iv dX\' oi)k d/jLvveadai, 28
;

irdXti' dvaXafx^di'tLi', 56.

VTvdpxovra, 21. virepjidWeiv, 6, 13, 41.
vTrepjSoKrjv ovSe/xiav Xe'nreiv, 1
;

irapd, 36.

et's

iiTrep-

TrapeSpeveip, 15.

^oXrjv,
i!'7r6,

23

;

vTrepj3o\dis xpijc^ct, 72.

trapo^vveiv, 80.
irarpiKhs, Trdrpios, TrarpCfios. 35.
irepi Tiuos

c.

gen.

with

/SactXeia,

43

;

i^fli

iiriaracrOai.,

12

;

\i^uv

irepl

auToJ TTOLeicrdai, 45. ovS^v \jiroijTti\diJ.evov, 39.
vir6yviOV, 81.
VCTTepi^O} TTIS dK/Lirjs, 73.

Ti, 72.
oi Trept Tt Si'Tes, 4.
TTOietv,

9

;

'iroLe7adai iKTCoSwv,

26

;

Troiel-

(Paivecrdai, 65.
(pTJp.al,
oi)

aOai

iKp'

avTU), 45.

21.
.
.

TToXtTeta, 46.
TToXtri/co's,

(pddvu

Kai, 53.
I'otros, 6.

46.

4>6bvos is a KaKov or
<pL\offo<pia, 8.
(pvcris,

TToXy (adverbial), transposed, 60.
irbrepov. 69.

(pCKocFOfpetv Kal irovelv, 78.

Trpdyp-ara, 42, 59. TTpodLpiladai, 28.
TTpoffilnrov crvvayuy-^, 44.

XpT?,

"origin," 12. inf. omitted, 28 ject of inf. omitted, 81.

with

;

with sub-

TTpdrfpov inrapxc-", 28.
irpuJTo? /cai p.6vos, 78.
(Tenvds, 44.

Xpbvv
tij,

Ccrrepov, 19.

c.

part,

with oCrw, 29

;

ws. " for,"

80.

Printed by Hazell Watson,

& Viney,

Limited,

London and Aylesbury.

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