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Product Application Tables
Speciality Products and Chemicals
Lost Circulation Materials
Lubricants and Cutting Oils Environmental Products Fluid Loss Control Agents and Dispersants
Surfactants, Foaming Agents and Detergents
Cement and Grouting Additives
Charts and Tables
THE AUSTRALIAN MUD COMPANY
PROVIDING QUALITY DRILLING FLUIDS AND ON SITE SUPPORT TO THE WORLD
With more than 20 years experience, the Australian Mud Company has enjoyed a successful history supplying specialist drilling products and services to support the mineral, horizontal directional drilling, oil & gas, water well, civil & tunnelling industries worldwide. The success of AMC is due to the quality of its product range and the dedication of its team who offer on site support, where and when customers need it.
................................................................................. 58 Cement and Grouting Additives .................... 61 Weighting Materials.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS About AMC .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 68 Commercial Chemicals................................................................................................................................................ Foaming Agents and Detergents................................... 6 Product Comparison Charts .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Lost Circulation Materials..... 91 2 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 Viscosifiers ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 17 Lubricants and Cutting Oils ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 Contact Details ................... 33 Fluid Loss Control Agents and Dispersants ........ 73 Specialty Products and Chemicals.................. 49 Surfactants............................. 7 Product Application Tables .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................114 Barite Weight Chart ..........................120 Pump Output .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................116 Annular Velocity Table ..........................................................................................................................................................122 3 ......................................121 Volume Calculations..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................111 Charts & Tables Conversion Table.............................................................112 Pressure & Barite Calculations .............115 Wireline Drill Rod Sizing ............................................................................................................................................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS Environmental Products ....................................................................................................................................110 Testing Equipment .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................117 General Mud Calculators ...................................................................................................................... 97 Displacement Plugs ............................................
oil and gas.ABOUT AMC Catering for Diverse Markets & Regions The Australian Mud Company was incorporated in January 1988. the Americas and Europe. AMC reviewed its packaging and now offers a full range of products in recyclable and biodegradable cardboard packaging. civil and tunnelling industries and is now the largest drilling fluid supplier to the Australian on shore market. industrial. Such diversification has also seen the company expand into new geographical markets. Renown for Quality . HDD. Africa.ISO9001 accreditation AMC’s range of drilling fluids is field and laboratory tested to international quality and environmental standards. Considerable testing revealed that AMC’s cardboard packaging is suitable for both powders and liquids. AMC was the first Australian drilling fluid company to achieve Quality Assurance certification and maintains a philosophy of continuing development of innovative drilling fluid products that are environmentally friendly. With this in mind. The company holds ISO9001 quality accreditation and all of AMC’s products are supplied to specification and are packed appropriately for the local conditions. AMC specialises in supplying and supporting remote and difficult drilling locations and has a network of stock points within Australia and Internationally including Asia. 4 . for the purpose of supplying drilling fluid products to the mineral and water well industries throughout Australia. Since then. Caring for the Needs of Customers & the Environment AMC’s regular consultation with its customers highlighted the need to reduce the use of non-biodegradable and plastic packaging. whilst ensuring they meet the demands of its Australian and international customers. is water proof and has the strength to withstand the rigours of mining and construction activities. AMC has diversified its product range to cater for the mineral. which accumulates at drilling sites and raises environmental concerns.
AMC’s global network ensures that customers receive on site support where and when they need it. Global Reach .imdexlimited. Imdex is a publicly listed company and has a presence in all major drilling and exploration regions throughout the world. An Imdex Limited Company AMC forms an important part of the Drilling Fluids & Chemicals Division of Imdex Limited (Imdex). water well and horizontal directional drilling industries and is expanding in the oil and gas industry. Customers benefit from AMC’s collective experience in a vast range of drilling conditions and geographical regions. have hands on experience and are committed to providing clients with expert advice in the selection and use of drilling fluids. www.Local on site support AMC’s Area Managers are highly skilled. Regular training in the best use of drilling fluid is conducted by AMC Managers through specialised Mud Schools which are designed to address specific customer requirements.ABOUT AMC (CONTINUED) AMC encourages all of its customers to utilise the new packaging alternatives to help reduce the impact of plastics on the environment and welcomes any feedback or suggestions for the future. Imdex is Australia’s leading global supplier of drilling products and services to the mineral.com 5 .
Australia P: +61 7 4774 4926 F: +61 7 4774 4694 AMC Kwinana 38 Thomas Road Kwinana WA 6167 Australia P: +61 8 9419 3299 F: +61 8 9419 3855 6 AMC Kalgoorlie 5 Close Way Kalgoorlie WA 6430.ausmud. Australia P: +61 8 9021 2925 F: +61 8 9091 5925 A complete list of contact details.com AMC Brisbane 26 Neon Street Sumner Park QLD 4074. Australia P: +61 7 3279 3199 F: +61 7 3279 3538 AMC Townsville 919 Ingham Rd Bohle Queensland 4818. AMC locations and distributors can be found at www.CONTACT DETAILS AMC Head Office 5 Pitino Court Osborne Park WA 6017 Australia P: +61 8 9445 4000 F: +61 8 9445 4040 E: email@example.com .
PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS COMPARISON CHART FOR MINING & WATERWELL PRODUCTS VISCOSIFIERS AMC Pac R Aqua-Pol Aus-Ben Aus-Gel Aus-Trol Bio-Vis Clay-Bore CR-650 Liqui-Pol Vis-Gel Xan-Bore BAROID Pac R Biopolymer Aquagel Quik Gel Quik Trol Loloss Poly Bore Quik Mud BoreGel XC Polymer MI Poly-Pac R MI Gel Maxgel Federal Guam Poly-Plus Powder Poly-Plus L Maxbore HDD Duovis/Supervis DESCRIPTION Viscosifying polymer Blended polymer for water well drilling API bentonite High yielding bentonite Viscosifying polymer for diamond drilling Polymer for water well drilling Polymer for horizontal drilling Core recovery polymer Liquid viscosifier Horizontal drilling fluid Xanthum gum 7 .
PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS (CONTINUED) LUBRICANTS AND CUTTING OILS AMC AMC Biodegradable Hammer Oil Hammer Oil Rod Grease Xtra Tacky Universal Aus-Cut Enviro-Cut Enviro-Grease EP Bit Lube & EP Bit Lube (SW) Liquid Rod Grease Penetrol Extra Superlube Torq-Free Xtra BAROID TR2O BaraCut Eco Cut TR 10 MI Biolube Hammer Oil Hammer ES Rod Coat B700 EFP 624 Vibra Stop Rapid Core Rod Ease MO .101 DESCRIPTION Environmentally friendly down hole hammer lubricant Down hole hammer lubricant Grease to be applied to rods for lubrication and protection Biodegradable cutting oil for salty water Oil based cutting oil Vegetable oil based cutting oil Environmentally friendly drill rod grease Biodegradable cutting oil/lubricant Liquid grease to be applied to rods for lubrication and protection Extreme pressure lubricant High performance lubricant and cutting oil Torque reducing fluid 8 .
FOAMING AGENTS AND DETERGENTS AMC Aus-Det Super-Foam BAROID Condet Quik Foam MI D-D Super Foam AF DESCRIPTION Drilling detergent Foaming agent for fresh and saline water .PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS (CONTINUED) FLUID LOSS CONTROL AGENTS AND DISPERSANTS AMC Pac L Aus-Dex Aus-Lig Aus-Tex Liqui-Sperse Well clean BAROID Pac L Dextrid CC-16 Breakback MI Poly Pac UL Poly Sal Asphasol Ringfree DESCRIPTION Low viscosicity PAC/filtrate reducer Modified polysaccharide Lignite-based thinner Drilling fluid conditioner Liquid clay dispersant Clay dispersant for water wells 9 SURFACTANTS.
PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS (CONTINUED) CEMENT & GROUTING ADDITIVES AMC AMC-XXX Aus-Grip A & B FR-100L Gypset Hard-Set AMC Ground Stabilizer BAROID Baroid XXX Barafoam A +B Quick Set MI Collar Set A+B DESCRIPTION Cement grout additive Polyurethane rigid setting foam Liquid cement friction reducer Controlled setting Gypsum grout Fast setting high strength cement Hole stabilizer for air drilling 10 WEIGHTING MATERIALS AMC Barite Calcium Chloride Sodium Chloride BAROID Barite Calcium Chloride Sodium Chloride MI Barite Calcium Chloride Sodium Chloride DESCRIPTION Weighting Agent Cement accelerator Soluble weighting agent / shale inhibitor .
PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS (CONTINUED) COMMERCIAL CHEMICALS AMC Caustic Soda Potassium Hydroxide Soda Ash Sodium Bicarbonate BAROID Caustic Soda Potassium Hydroxide Soda Ash Sodium Bicarbonate MI Caustic Soda Potassium Hydroxide Soda Ash Sodium Bicarbonate DESCRIPTION pH control agent pH control agent pH control/water treatment Treatment for cement contamination 11 SPECIALTY PRODUCTS & CHEMICALS AMC AMC-Biocide AMC Truck Wash Aus-Floc Backfill Mixture Bentonite Chips Bentonite Pellets BAROID Bara Floc MI Kwik Plug DESCRIPTION Bactericide High performance detergent/degreaser Flocculant Blended Backfill Material Bentonite Sealing Chips - .
fine.PRODUCT COMPARISON CHARTS (CONTINUED) AMC C-Pack AMC Defoamer Potassium Chloride AMC Rod-Free Clay-Coat Water Conditioner Inhibi-Swell P BAROID Potassium Chloride Ezispot MI Potassium Chloride DESCRIPTION Pre-mixed casing pack Defoaming agent Shale inhibitor Stuck pipe freeing agent Polyglycerol Treating agent for mine water Shale and clay inhibitor 12 LOST CIRCULATION MATERIALS AMC Aus-Plug Cotton Seed Hulls Kwik-Seal Shur-Seal BAROID Bara Swell Cotton Seed Hulls Kwik Seal Hy Seal MI Polyswell Cotton Seed Hulls Kwik Seal DESCRIPTION Swelling granular polymer LCM Graded LCM . medium or coarse Shredded Organic Fibre .
PRODUCT APPLICATION TABLE .LowCa ++ High Aus-Trol Yes No High Thin Low 6 -10 High Low Ca++< 150 mg High Bio-Vis Yes High Very High No Low 3 -7 High High Ca++> 200 mg High CR-650 Yes Medium Medium No High 6 -10 High Low Ca++< 200 mg High Liqui-Pol Yes No Low No Very High 6 -10 High Low Ca++< 200 mg Medium Low .TABLE 1 13 Aus-Ben Viscosity Gelation Carrying Capacity Filter Cake Encapsulation pH Environment Lubrication Contaminant Tolerance Salt Tolerance Yes High High Thick No 6 -14 Moderate Low Ca++< 150 mg Low Aus-Gel Yes High High Thick No 6 -10 Moderate Low Ca++< 150 mg Low AMC-Pac Yes No Very High Thin Low 6 -11 High Med .MINERAL AND WATER WELL .
No < 240 C No Yes Yes No N/A Yes Yes 30-100 kg/m 3 14 Aus-Gel No < 140 C No Yes Yes No N/A Yes Yes 15-55 kg/m 3 AMC-Pac No < 140 C No Yes Yes No N/A Yes Yes 1.000 mg/I CI Note: Salt Tolerance Low = <3000 mg/I CI. Medium = <20.PRODUCT APPLICATION TABLE .000 mg/I CI . High = <80.25 Irt/ m3 Note: Salt Tolerance .5-3 kg/m 3 Liqui-Pol No < 160 C. Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 0. Medium = <20. High = <80.000 mg/I CI.000 mg/I CI. >5C Low Conc.MINERAL AND WATER WELL .TABLE 1 Aus-Ben Grease Production Temperature Limitations Flocculant Diamond Drilling Application Water Well Application Clay Inhibition Dispersant Stiff Foam Agent Foam Additive Normal Conc.5-1.5-3 kg/m 3 Aus-Trol No < 140 C No Yes No No N/A Yes Yes 2-3 kg/m 3 Bio-Vis No < 100 C No Yes Yes No N/A Yes Yes 3-4 kg/m 3 CR-650 No < 160 C No Yes Yes Yes N/A Yes Yes 0.Low = <3000 mg/I CI.
TABLE 2 AMC Bit-Lube Viscosity Gelation Cleaning Capacity Filter Cake Encapsulation pH Environment Lubrication Contaminant Tolerance Salt Tolerance Grease Production No No No No No 8-10 High Universal TorqFree No No No No No 6-10 High No No No No No 6 .10 Yes Well Clean High High Aus-Det Surfactant High FR-100L Yes Hammer Oil C-Pack - 15 Low Ca++ Low Ca++ Low Ca++ Medium < 200 mg < 200 mg < 200mg Low High High Medium High Medium High No .10 High Clay Coat No No No No Yes 6 .PRODUCT APPLICATION TABLE .MINERAL AND WATER WELL .
5L/ m3 Universal TorqFree No Yes No No No No No 2.000 mg/I CI.5-5 L/m Yes Yes Yes 1-5 L/m3 2-5 L /m (little 3) 3 Yes 0.Low = <3000 mg/I CI.MINERAL AND WATER WELL . Medium = <20.Low = <3000 mg/I CI. No Yes No No No No No 2.TABLE 2 AMC Bit-Lube Flocculant Diamond Drilling Application Water Well Application Clay Inhibition Dispersant Foaming Agent Stiff Foam Additive Normal Conc. High = <80.PRODUCT APPLICATION TABLE .5-5 L/m 3 16 Clay Coat No Yes Yes Yes No No No 3 Well Clean Yes No Yes 2-3kg/m 3 Aust-Det FR-100L - Hammer Oil - C-Pack Annular Volume No Yes No No No No No 2.51L/200 L 4-8% Note: Salt Tolerance . High = <80.5-7.000 mg/I CI. Medium = <20.000 mg/I CI Note: Salt Tolerance .000 mg/I CI .
AMC products which perform primarily as viscosifiers are as follows: AQUA-POL AUS-BEN AUS-GEL AUS-GEL XTRA AUS-TROL BIO-VIS CLAY BORE CR-650 EZEE PAC R LIQUI-PAC LlQUI-POL LP 2000 PAC R VIS-GEL XAN-BORE 17 . Gel strength develops when the mud stops moving and can be advantageous when drilling loose sand or gravel formations. they assist in the movement of drill pipe and casing by the development of a thin filter cake on the walls of the borehole. Bentonitic clays swell when mixed in fresh water. The driller recognises this as ’thickness’.VISCOSIFIERS The removal of rock chips from the cutting face of the bit and the carrying of these cuttings to the surface is dependant on the flow properties (viscosity) of the drilling fluid. In addition. Bentonitic clays are also used to provide viscosity and to develop ‘gel strengths’. Polymers are employed to build viscosity for drilling fluids while improving borehole stability and maximizing core recovery through inhibition of water sensitive clays and shales. imparting viscosity and gel strength to the fluid. Viscosity is defined as the resistance by a fluid to flow.
non-toxic and non-polluting. Biodegradable. 18 .AQUA-POL AQUA-POL is a dry powdered blend of organic polymers formulated for building a low solids mud system for rotary drilling.000 litres water. APPLICATION AQUA-POL provides good hole clearing. AQUA-POL can also be used in conjunction with AUS-GEL to build an effective rotary drilling mud system. ADVANTAGES Effective in fresh. cuttings encapsulation and filtration properties for controlling sticky formation and hydratable shale sections. PACKAGING AQUA-POL is packaged in 15 kg plastic pails. Non fermenting .does not require biocides. salty and hard water. USAGE Add 3 to 8 kgs/1. It can also be used with KCI and NaCl salt systems to inhibit clay swelling.
slurry can be treated and recycled. PACKAGING AUS-BEN is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled paper bags.80 to 100 kgs/1. USAGE Normal . APPLICATION AUS-BEN is an effective viscosifier in fresh and brackish water. Is tolerant to minor contaminations . Is a natural and environmentally safe product. It provides good filtrate control and is an excellent product for use in the construction and civil engineering industries. 19 .000 litres.AUS-BEN AUS-BEN is a premium grade Wyoming sodium bentonite which meets or surpasses the API 13A test specifications for drilling grade bentonite.70 to 90 kgs/1. Lost circulation .000 litres. AUS-BEN has a consistent quality and can be used in conjunction with all other drilling mud products. caving formations . Unconsolidated. ADVANTAGES Provides hole stability in poorly consolidated formations.30 to 60 kgs/1.000 litres.
low solids drilling fluid which has specific application in water wells with permeable sections or poorly consolidated caving formations. Economical . caving formation .AUS-GEL AUS-GEL is a modified. ADVANTAGES Yields rapidly in fresh water to give high viscosity.40 to 55 kgs/1. The product makes an economical.15 to 30 kgs/1. APPLICATION AUS-GEL is recommended as a high yielding viscosifier for building a mud system with excellent hole cleaning properties and low filtrate loss in fresh to brackish water. USAGE Normal . 20 .does not ferment and is non-toxic.000 litres PACKAGING AUS-GEL is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled paper bags. premium grade sodium bentonite. formulated to ensure ease of mixing and superior mud making qualities in fresh water.35 to 45 kgs/1.000 litres Unconsolidated. AUS-GEL yields approximately twice the amount of standard AUS-BEN. Environmentally friendly .000 litres Lost circulation .provides a single product preparation for a low solids drilling mud.
AUS-GEL XTRA increases hole cleaning capabilities and promotes hole stability in unconsolidated and caving formations. premium grade Sodium Montmorillonite imported from Wyoming USA. ADVANTAGES .Effective . water resistant paper sacks. loose sands and gravels add 35 . PACKAGING AUS-GEL XTRA is packaged in 25kg multiwall. USAGE Under normal drilling conditions. core recovery and increase hole stability add 10 . 21 .single product preparation of a low solids drilling mud. sprinkle AUS-GEL XTRA slowly into water close to pump suction. AUS-GEL XTRA should preferably be mixed by adding slowly through a jet funnel or a high speed stirrer. which has specific application in horizontal directional drilling and water wells with permeable sections or poorly consolidated sands and gravels. .AUS-GEL XTRA makes more than twice as much mud of the same viscosity as an equal weight of API grade Bentonite. which has been finely ground and processed to ensure ease of mixing and superior mud making qualities in fresh water.Environmentally Friendly . If such equipment is not available.Economical . APPLICATION AUS-GEL XTRA is recommended as a high yield viscosifier for building a mud system with excellent flow properties and low filtrate loss in fresh water. add 15 . The product makes an economical low solids drilling fluid.does not ferment and is non-toxic. In unconsolidated formations.30kg/m3 to fresh water. To improve hole cleaning.AUS-GEL XTRA AUS-GEL XTRA is a modified.AUS-GEL XTRA reaches high viscosity very quickly. AUS-GEL XTRA can be used for making gel-foam for air drilling. .15kg/m3 to fresh water.45kg/m3 to fresh water. .Fast Yield .
000 litres of water PACKAGING AUS-TROL is packaged in 1 kg plastic bags.high activity reduces consumption. 15 bags per pail or 15 kg boxes. Convenient .0 to 3. torque and pump pressure are reduced while penetration rates are increased together with extended bit life.0 kgs/1. APPLICATION AUS-TROL is a protective colloid which inhibits the hydration of water sensitive formations.improved core recovery in most difficult drilling conditions. ADVANTAGES Highly effective . AUS-TROL provides excellent viscosity and filtration control and will extend the yield of bentonite based drilling fluids. USAGE Add 2.easily transported. Rod vibration. Economical . improving core recovery in diamond drilling applications. 22 .AUS-TROL AUS-TROL is a high molecular weight dry powdered organic polymer. which forms a high viscosity colloidal solution in fresh. salty or hard water. Versatile .can be used with other lubricants/surfactants in fresh or salty water.
3 to 4 kgs/1. USAGE Normal conditions . will assist in optimum well production. To accelerate the development of a well.000 litres of BIO-VIS fluid followed by surging. This low solids polymer system breaks down naturally and eliminates mudding of water aquifers which frequently occurs when using bentonite as a mud additive.000 litres.5 to 8 kgs/ 1. 23 . The addition of 10 litres of SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE per 1.000 litres. To extend the life expectancy of a BIO-VIS fluid. coarse gravels . PACKAGING BIO-VIS is packaged in a 15 kg plastic pail or 15 kg boxes. AMC BIOCIDE should be added to prevent fermentation. APPLICATION BIO-VIS provides excellent viscosity and filtration control in fresh and salty water and makes a complete mud system. SODIUM HYPERCHLORITE solution can be added. Unconsolidated formations. BIO-VIS is a non-toxic free flowing powder that is completely biodegradable.BIO-VIS BIO-VIS is a modified natural polymer specifically formulated for mixing a low solids biodegradable drilling fluid for use in water wells.
24 . CLAY-BORE will assist binding loose sand and gravel together and stabilize the drill hole. reducing the possibility of clay swelling and becoming sticky. or with the whole range of Australian Mud Company’s horizontal directional drilling products. ADVANTAGES Effective .CLAY-BORE CLAY-BORE is a white granular polymer that is 100% active. Environmentally friendly .0. CLAY-BORE has specific applications in the horizontal drilling and trenching areas. lubrication and fragile gelation. which inhibits clays from swelling and sloughing. USAGE Under normal drilling conditions .0.0 kg/in3 CLAY-BORE should be mixed by slowly adding through a jet funnel or high-speed stirrer.non-hazardous. Provides excellent viscosity at a minimum concentration. APPLICATION CLAY-BORE provides an excellent boring fluid. It also encapsulates the clay particles.75 to 1. Economical -100% active.75 kg/in3 To stabilise swelling clays and shales .reducing freight costs.5 to 0.mixes rapidly in fresh water with minimum shear. PACKAGING CLAY-BORE is packaged in a 15 kg plastic pail or 15 kg boxes. CLAY-BORE can be used on its own. High activity . and provides good carrying capacity to help suspend and transport cuttings. non-toxic and will not ferment. When mixed with fresh water it provides good viscosity. When used with AUS-GEL or AUS-BEN.
low solids mud system.mixes rapidly in fresh to brackish water with minimum shear.5 to 0. This polymer film reduces water invasion into hydratable and dispersive clays and shales. . powdered polymer which has been developed to improve core recovery.0 kg/1. Environmentally friendly . Economical .000 litres. To improve core recovery in sandy.will not wash off ROD-GREASE.non-hazardous.0. APPLICATION CR-650 forms a protective polymer film on the drill core and on the walls of the bore hole. ADVANTAGES Effective . Provides excellent viscosity at a minimum concentration.92% active. It may also be used to stabilize reactive clays and shales and to provide lubrication when diamond drilling in bad conditions. friable sand formations. non-toxic and will not ferment.75 to 1. or it can be combined with AUS-GEL/AUSTROL to form a complete mud system. Compatible . particularly in broken and sandy formations. CR-650 should be mixed by adding slowly through a jet tunnel or high speed stirrer. CR-650 can be used as a single product. CR-650 is also very effective for stabilizing loose. 25 PACKAGING CR-650 is packaged in a 15 kg plastic pail or 15 kg boxes.CR-650 (Core Recovery Polymer) CR-650 is a high molecular weight. friable formations and to increase hole stability 1 to 2 kgs/1.75 kg/1.0.000 litres. To stabilize swelling clays and shales . USAGE Add to fresh water.000 litres. Under normal drilling conditions .
or 15 kg plastic pails.EZEE PAC R EzEE PAC R is an easy mixing. 26 .Improves shale control. APPLICATION EzEE PAC R can be added to any type of water based drilling fluid.Ideal for underground operations where mixing systems are limited. .000 litres of water. .Easy mixing with no fish eyes.Rapid increase in viscosity. .Extends life of foam or stiff foam in air drilling.98% active. . PACKAGING EzEE PAC R is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled water resistant paper bags. It will increase viscosity and effectively reduce filtrate loss at very low concentrations. ADVANTAGES . . .5 kgs/1. .Reduces water loss.5 to 2. Note: Pre slurrying in AUS-CUT or ENVIROCUT before mixing to the mud system is no longer required. readily dispersible polyanionic cellulosic polymer. EzEE PAC R is an excellent dual purpose polymer which may be mixed through normal mud hopper facilities. EzEE PAC R will not fish eye and can be mixed into any make up water with very little agitation.Extremely cost effective in comparison to liquid products. or by simply sprinkling the powder into a slowly agitating fluid system. USAGE Add 1.
PACKAGING LIQUI-PAC is packaged in an 18 kg pail. polymer and lubricants. inhibition and encapsulation: 2 . When used correctly.Environmentally acceptable and non-toxic. LIQUI-PAC can inhibit the reactive nature of hydrosensitive clay and shales. through a water discharge or through a mud hopper. LIQUI-PAC can also be added to Bentonite to complement its properties. 27 .Compatible with all water based drilling fluid systems. It is an excellent viscosifier.Eliminates the need to use dry powder mixers and mud hoppers. LIQUIPAC is an extremely effective viscosifier and filtration control agent for use in fresh or saline water.Improves the physical characteristics of a Bentonite base drilling fluid.2 litres per 1.Extremely stable suspension properties improving storage life. it will also improve core recovery and reduce friction drag in most drilling applications.Provides a complete dispersion of the particles to eliminate fisheyes from forming. . APPLICATION LIQUI-PAC can be used in any type of water based drilling fluid including fresh. readily mixed into low shear environments.Eliminates wastage associated with dry powders. .6 litres per 1.000 litres To improve fluid loss. . ADVANTAGES . . TYPICAL PROPERTIES Physical appearance: white viscous slurry pH 1 % soln: 6.5 USAGE To improve the properties of a Bentonite mud: 1 . LIQUI-PAC can be used as a simple single polymer system and is compatible with all other products.8.000 litres To reduce torque and improve core recovery: 2 .000 litres LIQUI-PAC can be slowly introduced into mechanical agitation.000 litres When used in saline water drilling fluids: 3 .LIQUI-PAC LIQUI-PAC is a high molecular weight polyanionic cellulose polymer suspended in a non-toxic ultra clean mineral oil.Effective in fresh. . controls fluid loss and produces a thin flexible filter cake.5 litres per 1. . . .5 . . hard and saline water.Enhance the lubristic characteristic of a fluid and can improve penetration rates. hard and saturated salt water environments.Extremely easy to handle.4 litres per 1.
Promotes effective settling of drilling solids in surface pits. Add 0. Inhibits water sensitive formations .low concentration required.LIQUI-POL LIQUI-POL is a liquid anionic polymer viscosifier with high molecular weight providing rapid viscosity without the problems associated with mixing.75 to 1.000 litres water for complete drilling fluid.75 litres/1. WATER WELL DRILLING ADVANTAGES The polymer can be easily and economically broken down for the development of water wells after setting screens.5 litres/1. as is the case with most powdered polymers.0 to 1. Controls sticky clays and inhibits water sensitive. It provides a complete drilling fluid system and mixes very rapidly in fresh or brackish water.5 to 0.000 litres to stop rod vibration and reduce torque. Very cost effective .25 litres/1. APPLICATION LIQUI-POL can be used in diamond drilling or water well drilling: DIAMOND DRILLING ADVANTAGES Produces rapid viscosity.000 litres for complete water well drilling fluid. 28 . DIAMOND DRILLING USAGE Add 0. Reduces rod chatter and torque .improves borehole stability.increases core recovery. PACKAGING LIQUI-POL is packaged in a 25 kg plastic pail or 20 kg boxes. swelling formations. Cost effective and economical to transport. WATER WELL DRILLING USAGE Add 1.
Inhibits water sensitive formations. To stop rod vibration and reduce torque 0. Non Toxic . APPLICATION LP 2000 can be used in Horizontal Directional Drilling as both a viscosifier and shale inhibitor.000 litres To add to Aus-Gel Bentonite Mud 0.0.0. Clay Shale Stability .000litres depending on make up water.2 litres/1. USAGE To make up a complete drilling fluid 1 .75 litres/1. LP 2000 will improve the properties of low solids Aus-Gel Xtra fluids and air/foam injection fluids.Improves properties of Aus-Gel Bentonite systems. Compatible With Bentonite . It is used to prepare solids free drilling fluid with exceptional hole stabilizing properties.Proven suitable for use in drilling potable waterwells. PACKAGING LP 2000 is packaged in 25 kg plastic drums.Yields rapidly and completely. LP 2000 can provide a complete drilling fluid system and can be mixed very rapidly in brackish to high salinity water.000 litres. also reduces rod chatter.2 litres/1.5 .LP 2000 LP 2000 liquid viscosifier is a high molecular weight anionic polymer and high activity polymer mix that provides rapid viscosity and ease of mixing.000 litres.Breaks down to water viscosity with the addition of sodium hypochlorite (chlorine). 29 .75 litres/ 1.Reduces drill pipe torque and pumping pressure. Lubricity . To improve foam performance and hole conditions 1 . Improves borehole stability. ADVANTAGES Easy To Mix . Waterwell Development .5 .
5 to 2. water resistant paper bags or 15 kg plastic pails.000 litres of water. Extends life of foam or stiff foam in air drilling. ADVANTAGES Rapid increase in viscosity. PAC R is an excellent dual purpose polymer which may be mixed through normal mud hopper facilities or by pre-slurrying in AUS-CUT or ENVIROCUT before mixing to the mud system. PACKAGING PAC R is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled. USAGE Add 1. PAC R also controls fluid loss and produces a thin. tough filter cake.5 kgs/1. Reduces water loss. 30 . Improves shale control. It will increase viscosity and effectively reduce filtrate loss at very low concentrations. APPLICATION PAC R can be added to any type of water-based drilling fluid.PAC R PAC R is a polyanionic cellulosic polymer of high molecular weight and is an extremely effective viscosifier in fresh or salty water.
8 to 10 kgs/1.VIS-GEL (Horizontal Boring Drilling Fluid) VIS-GEL is a blend of sodium bentonite and co-polymers. ADVANTAGES Yields in fresh water to give high viscosity. Viscosifies very quickly.non-toxic and does not ferment. APPLICATION VIS-GEL is recommended as an excellent drilling fluid and viscosifier with superior flow properties and low filtrate loss in fresh to brackish water. USAGE For normal under road drilling conditions . superior plastering qualities and high gel strengths when horizontal boring. PACKAGING VIS-GEL is packaged in 25 kg sacks. Environmentally friendly . Economical .000 litres.000 litres.12 to 15 kgs/1. 31 . VIS-GEL should be added slowly through a jet funnel or high shear mixer. In unconsolidated sands and loose formations . The product is highly suited to horizontal drilling in loose unconsolidated formations.low dosage rate gives excellent results in loose sands. finely ground and processed to ensure ease of mixing.
non toxic and can replace bentonite in environmentally sensitive areas. but will revert back to a higher viscosity at low shear rates. USAGE Add 1 to 3 kgs/1. designed to provide maximum solids suspension and hole cleaning in horizontal directional drilling applications. Biodegradable.000 litres of water through a mud hopper or a high shear mixer. Effectively suspends coarse sand and gravel when drilling river crossings. XAN-BORE fluids are highly shear thinning. 5 x 1 kg per pail. Provides excellent lubricity for easier product line installations. Maximises cuttings transport and hole cleaning. PACKAGING 5 kg pail. 32 . Improves solids removal equipment efficiency.XAN-BORE (High Gel Strength Biopolymer) XAN-BORE is a premium quality biopolymer powder. ADVANTAGES Only small amounts required for effective results. APPLICATION XAN-BORE can be added to a pre-hydrated bentonite based fluid or a single additive in fresh. This unique property provides many benefits in HDD bores by providing excellent carrying capacity of coarse sand and gravel. brackish or seawater. Mixes easily and quickly in all water types. Stabilizes unconsolidated formations when used in conjunction with AUS-GEL. Improved hole cleaning and cuttings transport allow for quicker and easier back-reams and pull-backs on longer bores.
surfactants and corrosion inhibitors in AMC cutting oils. AMC has developed cutting oils which have extreme pressure lubrication properties designed for the operating parameters at the face of the bit.LUBRICANTS AND CUTTING OILS Poor bit life. Superlube is a new generation lubricant for deep diamond core drilling. on the surface and in underground operations. AMC UNIVERSAL can be used in harsh and salty waters. act to enhance the cooling of the impregnated diamond particles and accelerate the removal of fine cuttings improving penetration rates and extending bit life. AMC cutting oils eliminate rod vibration and reduce rotary torque by depositing a soft. rod vibration and excessive rotary torque can be significant problems in deep and deviated diamond drill holes. EP BIT LUBE is suitable for fresh water surface systems while EP BIT LUBE (SW) has been especially formulated for salt water surface systems. AMC BEL AMC BIODEGRADEABLE HAMMER OIL AUS-CUT ENVIRO-CUT ENVIRO-GREASE EP BIT LUBE EP BIT LUBE (SW) HAMMER OIL LIQUID ROD GREASE PENETROL XTRA ROD GREASE XTRA TACKY SUPERLUBE TORQ FREE XTRA TUBE LUBE UNIVERSAL 33 . non-toxic biodegradable soluble oils. EP BIT LUBE and AMC-UNIVERSAL are vegetable oil-based. tenacious film of grease on the outside of the rods. The concentrated blend of wetting agents.
APPLICATION Mix in water tank or inject 1.Assists in dust suppression.5 litres per hour direct into air line.Reduces down hole torque. . .Prevents corrosion of tanks. ADVANTAGES . 34 . AMC BEL is made to be water soluble so that as much lubricant as possible gets into the bearings.Stabilises the walls of blast holes. . depending on drilling conditions. .Extends the life of the air bearing roller stabilisers. but the presence of diesel oil being mixed with water could create sulphuric acid. . AMC BEL is 100% environmentally friendly. where as used oil not only contains metal particles. USAGE Dosage: Use 5 litres to 100 litres of waters. seals and hoses. injection pumps.Effective in all types of water.AMC BEL AMC BEL Extends bit life by lubricating the bearings and shirt tails.
5 . 320 and 460 centipoises.5 litres/hour PACKAGING AMC-HAMMER OIL is packaged in 25 litre or 205 litre drums. USAGE Holes Size From 3½“ (92mm) to 5’ (127mm) .0 litres/hour Larger hole size up to 17½” (44. .provides wear protection to moving parts operating under extreme pressures and temperatures.4.5.5 .0 litres/hour 35 5” (127mm) to 7½“ (190. High operating viscosity .0 litres/hour 7½“ (190.1. APPLICATION AMC-BIODEGRADABLE HAMMER OIL is used in all types of air driven down hole hammers as an air line lubricant.25mm) .2. Cost Effective .the excellent extreme pressure lubrication allows reduced injection rates with no reduction in lubrication to the Hammer.0 .3.AMC-BIODEGRADABLE HAMMER OIL Down Hole Hammer Lubricant AMC-BIODEGRADABLE HAMMER OIL comes in three viscosity grades.2.3.5mm) .9mm) .5 litres/hour 8½“ (215. Excellent adhesion to metal surfaces compared to normal oils without a tackifier. AMC-BIODEGRADABLE HAMMER OIL is not recommend as a preserving additive when preparing hammer oil for prolonged periods of storage.does not reduce viscosity under high temperature and pressure thus retaining effective sealing and optimum performance of the hammer.2. 150.3.9mm) to 8¾“ (222.5 .5mm) to 8½“ (215. All grades are formulated with a tackifier to give the AMC-BIODEGRADABLE HAMMER OIL superior adhesion to metal surfaces.0 . ADVANTAGES Excellent extreme pressure lubrication .2.5mm) .
salty acidic conditions.AUS-CUT AUS-CUT is a concentrated blend of water soluble surfactants specially formulated to work effectively in conditions where traditional soluble oils fail.5 litres / 1. 36 . and ensures optimum lubrication and cooling under the most adverse down hole conditions. where the fluid is being recirculated. AUS-CUT forms a highly stable emulsion in fresh. saline or hard waters.000 litres of water. USAGE Add 5 to 12. is an excellent application for AUS-CUT especially when the mine water is of poor quality. Will not ‘soap out’ onto drill rods when drilling cement. Cost effective — increased penetration and bit life. APPLICATION The primary application of AUS-CUT is in diamond drilling where increased penetration rates and extended bit life are required. PACKAGING AUS-CUT is packaged in 25 litre plastic pails or 205 litre steel drums. Underground drilling. ADVANTAGES Effective in hard.
APPLICATION ENVIRO-CUT’s principal application is to assist with penetration rates and extend bit life in diamond drilling applications. USAGE Add 5 to 15 litres / 1. making mixing easier. ENVIRO-CUT can also be used as a base to liquefy powder polymer.ENVIRO-CUT ENVIRO-CUT is a specially designed vegetable oil based cutting oil.000 litres of water. formulated for the use in areas where environmental concerns restrict the use of products that contain hydrocarbons. PACKAGING ENVIRO-CUT is packaged in 20 litre boxes. Cost effective. Enhances bit life and penetration rates. and to promote optimum performance from the chemicals. the product usage can be used in areas where environmental restrictions dictate chemical selection. ENVIRO-CUT is formulated using surfactants and emulsifiers that enable the product to form a highly stable emulsion in fresh. 25 litre plastic pails or 205 litre steel drums. saline and hard water conditions. Due to ENVIRO-CUT’s biodegradability. Effective in a variety of water conditions. ADVANTAGES Biodegradable. 37 .
Availability of different grades. USAGE Under normal drilling conditions. Highly effective in dry hole conditions. manufactured for use as a diamond drilling rod grease. Greasing can be reduced by circulating degreasers and detergents through the bore hole. Provides excellent adhesion and is effective in fresh to saline waters. The grease is easily applied to the outer side of the drill rod and heating isn’t required prior to use. and is cost comparable to hydrocarbon based greases. For dry hole conditions. use less after each bit change. Compatible with all types of lubricants and fluids systems. ENVIRO-GREASE is bio degradable and environmentally friendly.ENVIRO-GREASE ENVIRO-GREASE is a specially formulated blend of vegetable and synthetic oils to form a bio-degradable grease. initially apply 1-2 kgs ENVIRO-GREASE for 100m NQ rods. APPLICATION ENVIRO-GREASE is applied to the rods as they are run back into the hole. PACKAGING ENVIRO-GREASE is packaged in 20 kg steel pails. As hole greases up. use 2-3 kgs ENVIRO-GREASE per l00m for NQ rods and 3-4 kgs of ENVIRO-GREASE per 100m for HQ rods. 38 . ADVANTAGES Environmentally friendly.
Reduces torque from the rod string and from the face of the bit. Its extreme pressure lubrication properties were designed for the operating parameters at the face of an impregnated diamond bit giving improved penetration rates and extended bit life. 25 litre or 210 litre plastic drums. tenacious film of grease on the drill string and the borehole. To eliminate vibration and torque add 2.5 litres/1. APPLICATION EP BIT LUBE eliminates rod vibration in diamond drilling by producing a soft. PACKAGING EP BIT LUBE is packaged in 20 litre boxes. Very cost effective . It mixes very easily to form a white emulsion in most water types. USAGE EP BIT LUBE may be added directly to the sump or injected into the circulating system. ADVANTAGES Vegetable oil-based with biodegradable emulsifiers. Extends bit life and improves penetration rates. 39 .5 to 5 litres/1. To improve bit life in extremely hard and abrasive ground add 5 to 7.low concentration required.000 litres water. The concentrated wetting agents in the product enhance the cooling of the impregnated diamond particles and accelerate removal of cuttings improving penetration rates and extending bit life.EP BIT LUBE Extreme Pressure Lubricant for Fresh Water EP BIT LUBE is vegetable based soluble oil which was developed specifically for the diamond drilling industry. EP BIT LUBE forms white oil in water emulsion and is compatible with fresh water and brackish water.000 litres water.
ADVANTAGES EP BIT LUBE SW works is a variety of hard water conditions (Salinity.5 .EP BIT LUBE SW .7. tenacious film of grease on the drill string and the borehole.0 . EP BIT LUBE SW will form a white oil in water emulsion.000 litres water. 25 litre or 210 litre plastic drums. Cost effective . .5.low concentrations required to extend bit life and improve penetration rates.0 litres / 1. USAGE EP BIT LUBE SW may be added directly to the sump or injected into the circulating system.000 litres water.Extreme Pressure Lubricant for Salt Water EP BIT LUBE SW is a mixture of select emulsifiers surfactants and vegetable oils that are combined to create a highly soluble lubricant that has been purposely developed for poor quality mix water. PACKAGING EP BIT LUBE SW is packaged in 20 litre boxes. 40 APPLICATION EP BIT LUBE SW is tolerant to hard saline make up waters. EP BIT LUBE SW eliminates rod vibration in diamond drilling by producing a soft. To improve impregnated bit life in extremely hard and abrasive ground 3. Compatible with existing rod greases. To eliminate vibration and torque in diamond drill holes 2. Reduces torque from the rod string and from the bit face. Calcium and Magnesium). Will not wash off the grease.0 litres / 1. The concentrated wetting agents in the product enhance the cooling and wetting of the impregnated diamond particles and accelerate removal of cuttings thereby improving penetration rates and extending bit life. EP BIT LUBE SW deposits a soft grease on the rod string that reduces wear on the drill rods. Environmentally safe vegetable oil based with biodegradable emulsifiers. EP BIT LUBE SW mixes very easily to form a white emulsion in fresh to brackish water.
HAMMER OIL with Molylube additive is premixed at AMC’s factory and has been formulated to remain in suspension.0 to 2. 150.lubricates when oil films are unable to survive.0 litres/hour 8 ½ “ to 8 ¾ “ . friction and wear to the piston and cylinder is greatly reduced.4. 41 . The Oil/Molylube concentrate will not wash off the piston when foam is pumped through the hammer. 35Opsi air) 3½“ to 5“ . 320 and 460 centipoises with or without Molylube additive Molybdenum disulfide . The HAMMER OIL with Molylube additive is highly effective in salty water conditions when drilling with foam.Consumption (based on max.0 litres/hour 5“ to 7½“ -2. Prevents metal to metal contact and surface scuffing .HAMMER OIL Down Hole Hammer Lubricant with Molylube Concentrate HAMMER OIL is supplied in 3 grades.5 to 2. ADVANTAGES With the addition of Molylube concentrate.5 litres/hour 7 ½ “ to 8 ½ “ .5 litres/hour 8 ¾ “ to 17 ½ “ .0 to 126.96.36.199 to 3.0 litres/hour PACKAGING HAMMER OIL is packaged in 25 litre or 205 litre drums.to improve the lubrication and wear characteristics of the hammer.1. USAGE Holes Size .5 to 5.
ensuring an absolutely torque free environment. Absolutely unique formulation. ADVANTAGES Economical and efficient. USAGE Retrieve the inner tube for core recovery. Minimises wear on drill string. Minimises stuck rods. Blocks small fissures ensuring better water return. Extremely easy to apply. Lowers shearing on rods. Pour 5 litres or more after each core recovery for depths greater that 1500m. Improves production. Improves coring ability and the quality of the core. Biodegradable. environmental friendly liquid rod grease. Pour 2-4 litres down the rods after each core recovery for hole depths of between 500m to 1500m. Apply 1-2 litres down the rods after each core recovery for hole depths of between 0m to 500m. APPLICATION Reduces torque and frictional drag on the drill rods. LRG has the ability to adhere to the formation and the steel rods. non-toxic. Recover the core and lower the inner tube again. LRG is poured down the rods after core recovery (after the inner tube has been lowered). It is then slowly washed down the inside of the rods and forced into the annulus to do its work as rod grease. 42 . Stable at high pressures and temperatures. Protects the rods. Before re-connecting the rods. This unique formulation is a world leading biodegradable. Environmentally friendly. PACKAGING Available in 25 litre cubes. Connect the rods and proceed with normal drilling operations. pour LRG down the rods.LIQUID ROD GREASE LRG has been formulated to be used in a convenient and easily applied manner.
To improve impregnated bit life in extremely hard abrasive ground 0. Compatible with existing rod greases. PENETROL XTRA may be added directly to the sump or may be injected into the circulating system. giving improved penetration rates and extended bit life. Will not wash off the grease.low concentrations required to extend bit life and improve penetration rates. ADVANTAGES Cost effective .Extreme Pressure Lubricant PENETROL XTRA is vegetable based soluble oil that was developed specifically for the diamond drilling industry. The concentrated wetting agents in the product enhance the cooling and wetting of the impregnated diamond particles and accelerate removal of cuttings improving penetration rates and extending bit life. 43 . PACKAGING PENETROL XTRA is packaged in 20 litre boxes.5%. APPLICATION PENETROL XTRA eliminates rod vibration in diamond drilling by producing a soft. 25 litre or 200 litre plastic drums. USAGE (% by volume) To eliminate vibration and torque in diamond drill holes 0. Reduces torque from the rod string and from the bit face. Environmentally safe . Its extreme pressure lubrication properties were designed for the operating parameters at the face of an impregnated diamond bit. and has proven to work effectively in a variety of water conditions including fresh to super saline and hard to acidic. PENETROL XTRA forms white oil in water emulsion with some foaming.vegetable oil based with biodegradable emulsifiers. It mixes very easily to form a white foaming emulsion. PENETROL XTRA deposits a soft grease on the rod string that reduces wear on the drill rods.PENETROL XTRA . tenacious film of grease on the drill string and the borehole.25-0.0%.75-1.
adheres to the rods under virtually all types of drilling conditions. ADVANTAGES Very tenacious .use 2 to 3 kgs grease for 100 metres of NQ rods. PACKAGING ROD GREASE XTRA TACKY is packaged in 17 kg steel drums. Compatible with all drilling muds. The grease is applied to the rods by hand and heating is not required before use. USAGE Under normal drilling conditions . Dry hole conditions . As hole greases up use less after each bit change. where there are no fluid returns. Highly effective under ‘dry hole’ conditions i. APPLICATION ROD GREASE XTRA TACKY is applied to the rods before they are run back into the hole.e. 44 .initially apply 1 to 2 kgs grease for 100 meters NQ rods. To remove excess grease from rods pump a caustic solution down hole and leave for several hours to soften. Will not wash off. HQ rods 3 to 4 kgs grease for 100 metres.ROD GREASE XTRA TACKY ROD GREASE XTRA TACKY is specifically formulated rod grease manufactured for use as a diamond drilling rod grease. Hole condition will vary and grease should be used accordingly. Effective in fresh and salty water.
Pipe size and depth will dictate the most beneficial concentration. Produces a thin lubristic film on the metal surfaces. Recommended usage of SUPERLUBE is 1. Improves the cutting action of the bit and reamer.High Performance Lubricant / Cutting Oil SUPERLUBE is truly a unique product. APPLICATION Reduces torque and frictional drag on the drill rods. ADVANTAGES Economical and efficient. Biodegradable. Environmentally friendly. Improves penetration (ROP). 45 . Eliminates rod vibration Stable in a range of waters types.0 . Minimizes wear on drill string. Compatible with existing mud. barrel and inner-tubes.0 litres per 1. Used in surface and underground mining operations. Enhances the cooling action of the circulating fluid. To ensure maximum performance is achieved SUPERLUBE should be totally homogenized into a system. Protects the rods. PACKAGING Available in 25 litre and 200 litre plastic drums. Extensive research and development has resulted in a high performance lubricant that produces exceptional lubricating characteristics.SUPERLUBE .000 litres. It is a NEW GENERATION HIGH PERFORMANCE EXTREME PRESSURE LUBRICANT / CUTTING OIL made specifically for the mineral exploration industry. RECOMMENDED TREATMENT SUPERLUBE can be applied directly to the rod line or to the batching tank.4. bit and reamer life. Improves rod.
which reduces torque and enhances the life of rods and drill bits. It has the ability to produce a protective film on the rods and bit.000 litres water directly to the sump or inject into the circulating system.5-5. Low usage for very extreme torque reduction.BIODEGRADABLE DIAMOND DRILLING LUBRICANT TORQ-FREE XTRA is a vegetable oil based lubricant designed to reduce torque and drag in diamond drilling in all types of water quality. Extends rod life and reduces rod torque. extend bit and rod life. TORQ-FREE XTRA contains extreme pressure lubricating agents which increase penetration rates. USAGE Add 0. 25 litre or 210 litre drums.TORQ-FREE XTRA . APPLICATION TORQ-FREE XTRA can be added directly to any water based drilling fluid and will not affect the rheology properties of the mud. It is environmentally friendly and can be applied in underground and surface diamond drilling.0 litres)/1.25-0. PACKAGING TORQ-FREE XTRA is packaged in 20 litre boxes. reduces torque at the face of the bit and also on the rod string. Biodegradable. Extends bit life and increases penetration rates. ADVANTAGES Effective in all types of water. 46 .5% (2.
Environmentally acceptable. ADVANTAGES Economical and efficient. Mix in a 210 litre drum and pump the mixture into the hole. Improved penetration. Lowers shearing on rods. Used in surface and underground mining operations. Protects the rods. Minimizes wear on drill string. Minimizes stuck rods. PACKAGING Available in 20 kg and 25 kg plastic pails. Ideal for splits lubrication. barrel and inner-tubes. Improves coring recovery in broken ground.TUBE LUBE APPLICATION Reduces torque and frictional drag on the drill rods. 47 . Biodegradable. Stable at high temperatures. USAGE Place the TUBE LUBE in the applicator used for TUBE LUBE and use as normal. Improves penetration (ROP).
Diamond Drilling Biodegradable Cutting Oil for Fresh and Salty Water Conditions UNIVERSAL is vegetable oil-based cutting oil for diamond drilling. USAGE Add 2.5% by volume).000 litres of water directly to the sump or inject into the circulating system (2. Cost effective . increase penetration rates and extend bit life.5 to 5. UNIVERSAL’s extreme pressure lubricating properties are designed to function at the face of an impregnated diamond bit giving improved penetration rates and extended bit life. APPLICATION UNIVERSAL is environmentally friendly cutting oil which gives excellent performance in virtually all water types ranging from brackish bore water to low pH (acidic) mine waters. PACKAGING UNIVERSAL is packaged in 20 litre boxes.low concentration required. 48 . UNIVERSAL acts to reduce rod torque and eliminate rod vibration.5% .UNIVERSAL . It is particularly effective when re-circulated mine water is being used in underground drilling. which is suitable in all types of make up water for both surface and underground application. 25 litre or 210 litre plastic drums. ADVANTAGES Effective in salty and low pH water. Extends bit life and increases penetration rates. UNIVERSAL contains extreme pressure lubricating agents which will help to cool diamond bits.0 Iitres/1. Biodegradable.
mud solids are deposited on the wall of the hole in the form of a filter cake. bentonite clays. AUS-DEX AUS-LIG AUS-TEX HD LUBE HD SPERSE LlQUI-SPERSE PAC L WELL CLEAN 49 . AMC has a range of products which control fluid loss and may also be used to improve rheological properties of the drilling fluid. modified polysaccharides and some guar gums.FLUID LOSS CONTROL AGENTS AND DISPERSANTS Filtration or fluid loss may be defined as loss of filtrate (water from water based muds) into permeable formations after these zones have been exposed to the drilling fluid through drilling operations. The rate of fluid loss is proportional to the amount and quality of the filter cake. A thin robust filter cake will assist in reducing formation damage. lignites. Fluid loss control additives include cellulose based polymers. improve drill rod lubricity and reduce the chances of differential sticking. As a porous formation is exposed to the drilling fluid.
000 litres mud.reduces fluid loss in minimum concentrations. USAGE Add 4 to 10 kgs/1.AUS-DEX AUS-DEX is a modified polysaccharide which provides good filtration control and drilled solids encapsulation without excessive viscosity build-up.can be used to reduce filtrate loss in most water based muds. ADVANTAGES Versatile . brackish and salt water conditions.effective in fresh. It is recommended for use in areas where differential sticking is a problem and where a thin. tough filter cake is required. Improves borehole stability . 50 . APPLICATION AUS-DEX is used primarily for filtration control but may be used together with PAC or AUS-TROL to provide maximum encapsulation and borehole stabilization. PACKAGING AUS-DEX is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled paper bags or 15 kg plastic pails. Effective .
AUS-LIG AUS-LIG is a sodium salt of humic acid which is used extensively for thinning and filtration control of sodium bentonite based drilling muds. tough filter cake.000 litres direct to the mud system through mud hopper. 51 . It is most effective in treating normal to high pH muds and works best in fresh water fluids. Versatile .thins and reduces fluid loss very quickly.can be used with most mud products. ADVANTAGES Economical . USAGE Add 2 to 4 kgs/1. Effective .low concentrations required. APPLICATION AUS-LIG is recommended for dispersing gel muds and reducing fluid loss to provide a thin. PACKAGING AUS-LIG is packaged in 20 kg plastic pails.
90% soluble in both fresh and hard water. Excellent general-purpose mud conditioner. When mixed in the mud system it coats out on the hole wall and assists with lubricity. Coats out on the hole to assist with shale/clay control. It also assists in the prevention of differential sticking.000 litres.AUS-TEX AUS-TEX is sodium asphalt sulphonate. pre-mixing with fresh water will enhance performance. When using in hard water. ADVANTAGES Provides drill rod lubricity in diamond drilling operations. and is 80% . APPLICATION AUS-TEX can be used in all types of drilling applications .diamond coring. 52 . shale stabilization and water loss. mud rotary and oil wells. USAGE AUS-TEX should be mixed through a mud hopper at between 5 to 15 kgs per 1. PACKAGING AUS-TEX is packaged in 25 kg sacks. It provides lubricity in hard water environments where conventional lubrication products cannot be used.
Eliminates build up on reamers and drill steel. Protects the rods. Minimizes wear on the drill string and underground tooling. Compatible with existing mud systems.0 . Quick and easy to mix. Improves rod. TYPICAL PROPERTIES Appearance: Brown Coloured Liquid RECOMMENDED TREATMENT HD LUBE can be applied directly to the rod string or to the mixing tank. Pipe size and installation length will dictate the most beneficial concentration. Can be used when drilling or pulling packages. PACKAGING Available in 25 litres and 200 litres drums. Produces a thin lubristic film on the metal surfaces. Biodegradable. Extensive research and development has resulted in a high performance lubricant that produces a lubristic film to coat metal surfaces. it is a NEW GENERATION Lubricant made specifically for the Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) industry. 53 . Improves reaming and cutting rates. Environmentally acceptable. APPLICATION Reduces torque and frictional drag on the drill rods and reamers etc. bit and reamer life. ADVANTAGES Economical and efficient. The uniqueness of the product also extends through to the selection of specialized vegetable oils and biodegradable emulsifiers.HD LUBE HD LUBE is truly an exceptional product. Improves the cutting action of the bit and reamer. It is preferred that the HD LUBE be totally homogenized into a system to ensure maximum performance. Reduces clay buildup on down hole equipment.3.0 litres per 1. The depositing of a thin lubristic film reduces wear on tubulars and helps prevent clay’s balling. Recommended usage of HD LUBE is 2. son housing and reamer.000 litres. Enhances the cooling action of the circulating fluid.
is non toxic and does not ferment.2 .4 litres per 1. Easy to mix.HD SPERSE HD SPERSE is a polymeric thinner designed exclusively for the Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) Industry. ADVANTAGES Concentrated liquid thinner. Breaks down drill solids to assist removal to waste. 54 . Reduces the possibility of frac-outs and hydro lock. Rapidly dispersion. Environmentally Acceptable. HD SPERSE is a concentrated dispersant used to efficiently break down clays and shales and will disperse Bentonite based drilling fluids. Compatible with other additives. Prevents excessive viscosity development in clays and breaks down solids into liquids. PACKAGING HD SPERSE is packaged in 25 kg plastic drums. USAGE Recommended usage . HD SPERSE can be added directly to the circulating fluid to break down clays or assist with the removal of waste fluid.000 litres Note: HD SPERSE is best dispersed through a PVC eductor or mixing hopper. Reduces the effects of contamination in Bentonite based fluids. APPLICATION Reduce torque when reaming.
Low Molecular Weight Liquid Thinner LIQUI-SPERSE is a polymeric thinner designed to effectively deflocculate bentonite muds. PACKAGING LIQUI-SPERSE is packaged in 25 kg plastic drums.000 litres. Stable in hard and salt contamination in make-up fluid. Note:-LIQUI-SPERSE is best dispersed through a PVC Hootananny or mixing hopper. KCL Fluid 8 to 12 litres/1.non-toxic and does not ferment. Prevents excessive viscosity development in bentonite. LIQUI-SPERSE can be added to thin and stabilize bentonite muds prior to the addition of other additives such as PAC-L filtration reducing agent.LIQUl-SPERSE . Compatible with other AMC additives. It is water soluble. easily dispersed liquid and requires only small concentrations to provide effective thinning results. Environmentally friendly . RECOMMENDED TREATMENT Fresh Water 6 to 10 litres/1. Easy handling and rapidly dispersing liquid.000 litres. 55 . ADVANTAGES Concentrated liquid thinner.
PAC L PAC L is a polyanionic cellulose polymer. Effective in the reduction of filtrate in small concentrations. 56 . PACKAGING PAC L is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled bags. which is an extremely effective filtrate reducer in fresh or salty water. Effective at moderate to high pH. including saturated salt water fluids.000 litres of water slowly through a hopper. It also acts as a thinner in salty water in low concentrations. including salt saturated. APPLICATION PAC L can be used in any type of water based drilling fluid. mix 2 to 5 kgs of PAC L / 1. Effective in the reduction of shale dispersion at medium to high concentrations. ADVANTAGES AMC PAC L is effective in all types of water based muds. It will effectively reduce filtrate loss without increasing viscosity. USAGE In all fluid types. PAC L is an excellent shale encapsulater and inhibitor in medium to high concentrations. Non toxic and will not ferment.
APPLICATION During development.WELL CLEAN WELL CLEAN is used in the development and clean up of water wells where bentonite based mud has been used.000 litres to clean water for jetting/ surging through the screens or gravel pack. After the well screens have been run and set. promoting rapid and effective clean up. deep penetration of the aquifer and assist the well clean up. jetting and surging with WELL CLEAN /water mix will promote rapid. 57 . USAGE Add 3 to 5 kgs /1. the mud should be displaced from the drill hole with fresh water before adding the WELL CLEAN. WELL CLEAN breaks down the viscosity of a bentonite mud and will destroy any wall cake that has formed on the walls of the drill hole. PACKAGING WELL CLEAN is packaged in 15 kg plastic pails.
lubricants or foaming agents. or by imparting certain wetting characteristics to muds. emulsifiers. FOAMING AGENTS AND DETERGENTS Surfactants are drilling mud additives that function by altering the surface properties of the liquid and solid phases of the mud. AMC has developed a range of products with these properties specifically for use in the mining and water well drilling industry. AUS-DET XTRA SUPER-FOAM 58 . Surfactants may be used as wetting agents.SURFACTANTS.
59 . APPLICATION AUS-DET XTRA may be used to reduce bit balling and drill rod collaring in soft sticky formations.000 litres water. ADVANTAGES Can be added directly to the mud system.000 litres water. PACKAGING AUS-DET XTRA is packaged in 20 litre boxes. 25 litre plastic pails and 205 litre steel drums. To assist in water well development use 1 to 2 litres/1. Effective in low concentrations.AUS-DET XTRA AUS-DET XTRA is a concentrated blend of detergents which improves the drilling characteristics of low solids and water based muds. It may also be used for dispersing the build up of drilled solids in the bit and also to disperse a build up of solids in diamond drill rods. Is non-toxic and does not ferment. AUS-DET XTRA may also be used in water well drilling to promote the rapid settling of cuttings at the surface. USAGE To reduce stickiness of clays use 2 to 5 litres/1.
SUPER-FOAM - FOAMING AGENT
SUPER-FOAM is a biodegradable mixture of anionic surfactants which has been formulated for use in the mineral and water well drilling industries.
SUPER-FOAM may be used in a variety of air drilling operations, ranging from simple air drilling to stiff foam drilling where the foam is extended by the use of polymers such as LIQUI-POL or AUS-TROL.
Generates instant high foam quality of exceptional stability. Is compatible with all types of makeup water including brackish and hard water. Is environmentally friendly and biodegradable - it does not pollute. Lubricating properties make it suitable for use with down hole hammers. Reduces air requirements and allows deeper drilling. Reduces the tendency of softer clays to stick together. Improves hole cleaning and increases penetration rates.
Mist Drilling - SUPER-FOAM should be mixed with water at 0.25 to 0.3% by volume and injected into the air stream. The rate of injection will depend on hole size, compressor output and water flow rate etc. Foam Drilling - If water flow rates are high and compressor limits are reached, up to 1% by volume of SUPER-FOAM. Stiff Foam Drilling - Stiff foam applications include areas of severe lost circulation, large diameter holes and unconsolidated formations. Stiff foam can be prepared by injecting a base slurry of 35-40 seconds per litre viscosity fluid prepared as follows: LIQUI-POL 1 to 2 kgs/1,000 litres | AMC- PacR 1 to 2 kgs/1,000 litres | SUPER-FOAM 10 litres/1,000 litres. When injected into the air stream, this slurry will produce stiff foam of shaving cream consistency.
SUPER-FOAM is 25 litre boxes, 25 litre plastic pails and 200 litre drums.
CEMENT AND GROUTING ADDITIVES
Lost circulation problems can cause expensive rig down-time and increased costs through water transportation. The crevices and fractures which cause lost circulation can be sealed with quick setting gypsum cements, particularly when drilling and setting surface casing. AMC has developed a range of products which are applicable to cementing problems experienced by the drilling industry. AMC XXX AUS-GRIP A & B FR-100L GROUND STABILIZER GYPSET HARD SET
AMC XXX - CEMENT GROUT ADDITIVE
AMC XXX is a cement grout additive which imparts special properties to cement slurry. The grout is suitable for curing lost circulation, cementing casing and stabilizing caving ground. The addition of AMC XXX powder to Portland cement and a measured quantity of water will provide an easily pumpable and quick setting cement grout. USAGE Water 11 to 12 litres. Add portland cement 25 kgs, mix. Add AMC XXX 0.3 to 0.5 kg. PACKAGING AMC XXX is packaged in 10 kg plastic waterproof pails.
PACKAGING AUS-GRIP A & B are packaged in 1.2 kg and 0. AUS-GRIP A is a blend of polyols. APPLICATION By mixing AUS-GRIP A & B a series of chemical reactions result in the formation of a rigid urethane foam which is an ideal application for the sealing of drilling collars. blowing additives. catalysts.AUS-GRIP A & B AUS-GRIP A & B is a foaming system consisting of two liquid components.8 kg tins respectively. cel control additives and fire retardant. USAGE AUS-GRIP A & B is poured into a suitable container in the ratio of one tin of AUS-GRIP A to one tin of AUSGRIP B. AUS-GRIP B is a technical grade diphenul methane diisocyanate (MDI). ADVANTAGES Can be used for pre-collar sealing or sealing of cavities in thief zones. 63 . The mixture is stirred for 10 to 15 seconds and immediately poured into the top of the pre-collar or thief zone.
APPLICATION Cementing deep diamond drill holes frequently presents problems. FR-100L is an excellent friction reducer and very small quantities will thin viscous slurries to the point where standard pumps can easily handle cement displacement.0 litres / 200 litres cement slurry. primarily because the cement slurry is not sufficiently dense (too much water) before it is pumped. dilution takes place and the final cement fails to set. USAGE Add 0.6 Ib/gal requires approximately 19 litres water per 40 kg sack Portland cement. PACKAGING FR-100L is packaged in 25 litre drums. If Calcium Chloride accelerator is used. During pumping. Note 1: Cement slurry weighing 15. High density (16 Ib/gal) cement slurries are very thick and beyond the capabilities of most diamond drilling rig pumps. 64 . add it to the mix water and add the FR100L to the cement slurry.5-1.FR-100L FR-100L is a liquid cement friction reducing compound which makes high density cement slurries more pumpable and does not affect the setting time or final compressive strength. Note 2: Do not mix FR-100L and Calcium Chloride together.
USAGE GROUND STABILISER is typically mixed with water at a ratio of 1:1. 65 . including running sands. ADVANTAGES Use of this product makes it possible to drill highly fractured and broken ground. resulting in higher production for the drilling contractor. PACKAGING GROUND STABILISER is packaged in 25 litre plastic cubes and 205 litre steel drums. The volume of the resulting mixture required will vary depending on the hole conditions but typically 2 litres will be sufficient to seal 3 metres of 5 inch hole. With the hammer open.GROUND STABILISER GROUND STABILISER is a specially formulated blend of resins that coats out on the hole wall to form a hard surface. As a result of the volume and heat of the airflow. In some areas it may negate the need to run casing strings or to cement holes due to unstable ground conditions. It eliminates the need to re-drill unstable hole intervals. the product bypasses the hammer ports and is blown into the hole annulus and coats out on the hole wall. GROUND STABILISER dries instantly to form a hard surface. APPLICATION GROUND STABILISER is mixed with water and the resulting mixture is injected into the air stream via the centre of the RC rod. It is designed for use in RC drilling operations where broken/unstable ground is problematic.
USAGE Add 8 kgs of Gypset to 5 litres of water and displace to hole. PACKAGING GYPSET is packaged in 20 kg plastic pails. Gypsum cements can set while being pumped. GYPSET may also be used to cement surface casing or pipe in air drilling operations. Will give a readily pumpable thixotropic slurry. it is.GYPSET GYPSET is high strength cement that has been formulated to set hard in a specific time. ADVANTAGES Controlled setting time. therefore. important that the correct grade of material is used to provide adequate pumping time. Reduces rig down time (waiting on cement to set). 66 . GYPSET is available in setting times that range from 15 minutes to 120 minutes. APPLICATION GYPSET is ideal for curing lost circulation and for cementing unstable. caving ground.
diamond and water well drilling applications. Due to its accelerated setting time. rig idle time is considerably reduced. ADVANTAGES Due to rapid setting time. Can be mixed quickly and poured into surface fissures to combat dust. the use of mechanical pumping equipment is not recommended. PACKAGING HARD-SET is packaged in a 25 kg sack or 15 kg plastic pail. Initial set in 3-4 minutes. final set in 5-6 minutes.HARD-SET . USAGE Add 5 litres of water to 8 kgs of HARD-SET. 67 . high strength cement.Fast Setting Cement HARD-SET is a specially formulated fast setting. APPLICATION HARD-SET has been specifically formulated for use in dust suppression and cementing of collar pipes in RC.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE will increase the fluid density to 11. In this situation it becomes necessary to use solids free brine. it is difficult to use barite because of the spin out effect due to the centrifugal force from high rotational rod speeds. POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is primarily used as a clay inhibitor.40).40) maximum. Careful control of flow properties will be required to prevent settling when barite is added to a mud system. BARITE CALCIUM CHLORIDE POTASSIUM CHLORIDE SODIUM CHLORIDE 68 .62). Corrosion control can become a problem when CALCIUM CHLORIDE brine is used.6 lbs/gal (SG 1.7 lbs/gal (SG 1. it can be used to increase fluid density to 9. Where mud density is required in diamond drilling operations or in slim-hole oil and gas exploration. artesian aquifers and to reduce or eliminate formation caving.WEIGHTING MATERIALS WEIGHTING MATERIALS are used to control formation pressures.0 lbs/gal (SG 1.20) maximum. The most commonly used material to weight up drilling fluids is BARITE (barium sulphate) which can be used to weight up muds in excess of 20 Ibs per US gallon (SG 2. SODIUM CHLORIDE may be used to increase fluid density to 10.
PACKAGING BARITE is packaged in 25 kg multi-walled paper bags.0% minimum 69 USAGE Please refer to charts in this of this booklet for details on increasing SG by adding BARITE.20 SG minimum 250 ppm maximum 3. BARITE is chemically inert to all drilling fluids additives and meets or exceeds the following API specifications: API SPECIFICATIONS Density (SG) Soluble Alkaline Earth metals as Ca++ Wet Screen Analysis Residue on US Sieve No.0% maximum 5. .BARITE A high quality barium sulphate (BaSO4) ground to meet API specifications can be used to increase mud density in all types of drilling fluid systems. 200 4.
000 litres PACKAGING CALCIUM CHLORIDE is packaged in 25 kg poly sacks. .040 196.048 357.284 1. 1% = 10 kilograms per 1. CONCENTRATION (%/Weight) Fresh Water 1% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% (Saturated) DENSITY Specific Gravity 1.40) maximum.CALCIUM CHLORIDE CALCIUM CHLORIDE can be used to prepare a solids free drilling fluid with a density to 11.180 1.7 pounds per gallon (SG 1. please contact an AMC representative.528 300.888 Note: % by weight is the equivalent of.624 151. 70 USAGE The following table indicates CALCIUM CHLORIDE concentrations to obtain a required fluid density.130 1.398 CHLORIDES (mg/L) 6.360 69.231 1.880 246.454 33.085 1.000 1.440 108. For further details.043 1.340 1.009 1.
For further details contact and AMC representative.582 9% 1.737 21% 1. USAGE The following table indicates Potassium Chloride concentrations to obtain a required fluid density.000 litres.162 132.229 12% 1. APPLICATION POTASSIUM CHLORIDE provides an economical and effective shale-inhibitive system to minimize hole problems when drilling unstable clay and shale formations. CONCENTRATION (% OF WEIGHT) DENSITY SPECIFIC GRAVITY (20OC) CHLORIDES (MG/L) 1% 1. 1% = 10 kilograms per 1.005 4.017 14.800 18% 1.140 114. This clay stabilizing property is significantly enhanced when high molecular weight polymers such as LIQUIPOL are used in conjunction with POTASSIUM CHLORIDE.000 24% 1. . PACKAGING POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is available in 25 kg poly sacks.077 61.057 45. May be used to increase density of the fluid.097 77. water soluble inorganic salt.037 29.756 3% 1. The potassium ion reacts between the individual clay platelets in the shale so that they are held together. thus eliminating entry of water from the drilling fluid.506 6% 1.POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 71 POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is a finely ground.447 15% 1.119 95. ADVANTAGES Relatively inexpensive and readily available.643 Note: % of weight is the equivalent of.
147 189.580 172. CHLORIDES (mg/L) 6.SODIUM CHLORIDE SODIUM CHLORIDE can be used as a weighting agent to increase fluid density to 10. please contact an AMC representative.804 147. 1% = 10 kilograms per 1.087 123.043 9% 1.134 21% 1.580 37.108 18.007 3% 1.000 1% 1.0 pounds per gallon (SG 1.166 101. For further details.141 79. A SODIUM CHLORIDE based drilling fluid can provide good inhibition against water sensitive clays and shales.199 Note: % by weight is the equivalent of.000 litres PACKAGING SODIUM CHLORIDE is packaged in 25 kg sacks.963 58.143 72 .088 15% 1.021 6% 1.065 12% 1.111 18% 1.183 26% (Saturated) 1. CONCENTRATION (%/Weight) DENSITY Specific Gravity Fresh Water 1.20) maximum.158 24% 1. USAGE The following table indicates SODIUM CHLORIDE concentrations to obtain a required fluid density.
25 kg plastic pail. Soda Ash . Soda Ash . Corrosion is generally reduced as the pH is raised.25 kg plastic pail. i. Sodium Bicarbonate .25 kg sacks. pH of above 7.000 litres.0 with soda ash.COMMERCIAL CHEMICALS Commercial chemicals are frequently added to drilling fluids for the following reasons: . most mud products perform better in an alkaline environment.000 litres.0. TREATMENT Caustic Soda .25 to 1. pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a fluid.To remove hardness.5 kgs/1.0.5 kgs/1.0. Potassium Hydroxide .25 to 5 kgs/1. Potassium Hydroxide .5 kgs/1. .To treat out cement contamination and to lower pH in cement contaminated muds.For pH control.25 to 1.0. PACKAGING Caustic Soda . Sodium Bicarbonate .5 to 2. Soda Ash .e.raising pH above 10.To increase pH. In general. Potassium Hydroxide .To increase pH and to lower calcium levels (make the water soft).000 litres. . 73 .25 kg sacks. Calcium and magnesium may be precipitated by raising the pH.000 litres.raising pH to 9.Corrosion control.0 with caustic soda.To increase pH without the dispersive problems associated with over treatment as occurs with Caustic Soda. a) Calcium . USAGE Caustic Soda . Sodium Bicarbonate . b) Magnesium .
SPECIALTY PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS Diamond drilling and water well drilling fluids have different requirements from standard rotary drilling fluids as used in oilfield drilling. There are a number of techniques and specialty products used routinely in the oilfield which can be modified and adapted to mineral and water well drilling. AMC BIOCIDE AMC BIOCIDE G AMC DEFOAMER AMC K-ION PLUS AUS FLOC BLOCK AUSFLOC-L BACKFILL BENTONITE CHIPS BENTONITE PELLETS CLAY-COAT XTRA C-PACK INHIBI-SWELL P RESIDRILL ROD-FREE TRUCK WASH WATER CONDITIONER 74 . AMC continually researches existing techniques and equipment related to drilling fluids which may be adapted to the mineral and water well drilling industry.
Protect from frost.Brown Form: Clear Liquid Benzisothiazolin-3-one 4% pH 12 min STORAGE Store in a plastic lined or stainless steel container. PACKAGING 75 AMC-BIOCIDE is packaged in a 25 litre plastic drum. Refer to MSDS for further details. Add directly at flow line over full circulation.5% by volume). CHEMICAL & PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Colour: Beige . between 5°C and 40°C.000 litres of mud volume (0. Do not store close to strong oxidising agents which could aggravate any fire situation. .AMC-BIOCIDE Used for the prevention of bacteria build up in drilling fluids. APPLICATION Normal dosage rate of 5 litres per 1.
Once the reproductive cycle begins. killing the bacteria will not prevent mud degradation as the bacteriacide will affect the enzymes. Note: BIOCIDE G is naturally biodegradable. Bacteria multiply in a very short time. Also extends the life and prevents fermentation of semi synthetic polymers such as the poly anionic celluloses.4% / vol. waste enzymes produced by the bacteria begin to attack polymers in water based mud systems. and as such needs to be added to the mud system on a regular basis.AMC BIOCIDE G AMC BIOCIDE G is a biodegradable and environmentally friendly product. Add directly to premixes prior to adding to main mud systems. or directly to flowline. It should be added to all premixes. Polymers act as a food source for these enzymes. Add regularly to premix pits if they remain static with excess mud. Add directly to mud system either in agitated pits. frequency of dosage may be required to be increased. In locations where environmental conditions are conducive to fast bacterial reproduction rates such as hot jungle locations. Once this cycle has begun. 76 . Environmental: AMC BIOCIDE G is not toxic below 0. APPLICATION AMC BIOCIDE G is used to prevent bacterial degradation forming in mud systems. water quality and temperature. location. which is used largely as a preventative to kill bacteria. It remains important to kill bacteria before this cycle begins. AMC BIOCIDE G has a hydrolosis half life at 250 C of 46 days. guar and xanthium based products. PACKAGING AMC BIOCIDE G is packaged in 25 kg and 15 kg pails. ADVANTAGES Extends the life and prevents fermentation of natural polymers such as starch. USAGE Dosage rates will vary with mud systems. AMC BIOCIDE G is recommended to be used in maximum concentrations of 0.4% to sensitive aquatic organisms using the LC50 / EC50 testing protocols.
ADVANTAGES Effective immediately. USAGE Add 0. Efficient .very small quantities required. 77 . APPLICATION AMC DEFOAMER may be added directly to the mud system to treat an existing foaming problem or it may be mixed prior to the foaming problem arising. but in general.1% by volume is adequate to alleviate the problem.AMC DEFOAMER AMC DEFOAMER is an effective liquid defoamer / antifoamer for use in all water-based drilling fluids. As foaming and defoaming are complex reactions it is difficult to predict required quantities. PACKAGING AMC DEFOAMER is packaged in 25 litre plastic pails.1% by volume to the surface of the mud system. Ease of handling and mixing. 0.
. USAGE K-ION is typically applied at a concentration of 2 .Compatible with all polymer systems and may be used in water. PACKAGING AMC K-ION PLUS is packed in 20 kg plastic pails.Highly effective in preventing hole collapse and improving core recovery.000 litres of make-up water. 78 . as drilling progresses the concentration of K-ION in the system should be monitored and adjusted to provide the optimum inhibition and clay stability.Provides excellent shale and clay control without the mixing problems associated with large volumes of bagged KCI.6 litres per 1. ADVANTAGES . . while the equivalent of AMC K-ION PLUS contains only 165 ppm of chloride. APPLICATION AMC K-ION PLUS provides effective shale inhibition properties to water based fluids without the chlorides associated with KCI based fluids. This significantly reduces chloride concentration and greatly lessens the environmental risks associated with the use of KCI fluids.Will not affect pH and being a non-surface active it does not adversely affect formation. brine or acid systems. LP 2000 and CR650.AMC K-ION PLUS AMC K-ION PLUS is a specialised product designed specifically for use as a replacement for bagged potassium chloride (KCI). AMC K-ION PLUS does not contain potassium. .700 ppm of chloride. but is composed of a sophisticated mildly cationic complex that functions much like KCI to control shale and clay activity. The shale stabilizing properties of K-ION are significantly enhanced when used in conjunction with encapsulating polymers such as LIQUI-POL. A 2% KCI solution contains 9.
79 . ADVANTAGES .AUS FLOC BLOCK AUS FLOC BLOCK is an anionic flocculant in the form of a solid block which has been specially designed to slowly dissolve in water flows and to flocculate drill solids and promote them settling in the surface pits. PACKAGING AUS FLOC BLOCK is packaged in 24 kg box. The dosage of AUS FLOC BLOCK is dependant upon the flow rate.Reduces water requirements . 8 x 3 kg tablets per container.Increases penetration rates USAGE Recommended usage: place 1 tablet in the return line per shift or as required.Easy to use and convenient .Economical .5 meters before the settling pond. APPLICATION AUS FLOC BLOCK has been developed for use in situations where dosage equipment is unavailable or difficult to manage. AUS FLOC BLOCK should be located at least 3 . volume of treatment fluid and cuttings required to treat. AUS FLOC BLOCK is ideally placed in a wire basket which is situated in the return stream and allowed to slowly dissolve.
APPLICATION AUSFLOC-L is mixed slowly in fresh water and allowed to trickle into the circulating system.AUSFLOC-L AUSFLOC-L is a synthetic co-polymer which is used to flocculate drilled solids and promote settling in the surface pits. PACKAGING AUSFLOC-L is packaged in 25 litre plastic cubes. ADVANTAGES Ease of low-solids muds maintenance. but will be in the range of 50 to 150 litres per hour. Reduces water requirements. Effective using small quantities. Rate of addition will depend upon rig circulating rates and also upon the type of formation being drilled. Increases penetration rates. 80 .000 litres of fresh water. USAGE Add 2 litres to 1.
1m³ backfill + 0. MIXING AND VOLUME 1:1 by weight 100 kg backfill + 100 litres water (100ltr) = 0.1m³ water (100ltr) = 0.15m³ 1:2 by volume 0.25m³ BULK DENSITY Loose: 770 kg/m³ Tapped: 1.1979. cathodic protection and earthing rods.S.2m³ water (200ltr) = 0. APPLICATION BACKFILL is used for galvanic (sacrificial) anodes. gypsum and sodium sulphate. 81 .1m³ backfill + 0.BACKFILL BACKFILL is a mixture of premium bentonite.15m³ 1:1 by volume 0. PACKAGING BACKFILL is packaged in 25 kg multi walled sacks.000 kg/m³ Compressed: 1250 kg/m³ BACKFILL is mixed in the proportions as required by the Australian Standard A. 2239 .
3/8’’) and coarse (3/8”.BENTONITE CHIPS BENTONITE CHIPS are pure Wyoming bentonite designed for use as sealants for hole abandonment. Seal surface casing.¾”) grades.5 4 5 6 8 12 Kg of Chips per metre of hole Medium Coarse 4 Not recommended 10 9 16 13 23 19 42 34 119 75 82 PACKAGING BENTONITE CHIPS are packaged in 22. ADVANTAGES Creates an impermeable barrier. APPLICATION Sealing of piezometers in boreholes provide a seal between aquifers to prevent water migration. BENTONITE CHIPS swell to fill voids exerting pressure against all surfaces to create a flexible low permeability seal. BENTONITE CHIPS are available in medium (1/4”.68 kg (50lb) paper sacks. Hole Diameter mm 64 101 127 152 203 305 inches 2. . When absorbing water. Backfill abandoned wells. In most conditions a seal is established within 1 hour. casing seals or any vertical seal to prevent water movement up or down a bore hole.
BENTONITE PELLETS are compressed tablets of highly swelling sodium bentonite which form a flexible, non-toxic seal. APPLICATION Sealing of piezometers in boreholes. Provide a seal between aquifers to prevent water migration. Backfill abandoned wells. Seal surface casing for boreholes. Bentonite has the capacity to absorb large quantities of water and to expand into an impermeable, glutinous mass. The addition of cement to the BENTONITE PELLETS will provide resistance to water pressures if necessary. SIZE BENTONITE PELLETS are available in 3/8” and 1/4’ size tablets. PACKAGING BENTONITE PELLETS are packaged in 50lb (22.68 kg) plastic pails.
CLAY-COAT XTRA is a second generation, environmentally safe, versatile additive for all types of water or brine based drilling fluids. In addition to stabilizing the overall properties of the mud system, CLAY-COAT XTRA improves lubricity and enhances the inhibitive qualities of water based drilling fluids. APPLICATION Lubricant: CLAY-COAT XTRA is a high performance, non-toxic lubricating agent which is compatible with any type of water based mud, fresh or saline. Shale Inhibitor: The polyglycerol molecules of CLAY-COAT XTRA are larger than water and will minimise shale hydration problems by decreasing the activity of the water phase and displacing water from shale surfaces. USAGE Lubrication: Initial concentration of of 10 - 30 litres/1,000 litres are recommended for optimum performance. Shale Inhibition: Depending on the charge density of the shale being drilled and the type of mud system being used, 4 - 8% of the fluid phase by volume will greatly increase the inhibitive qualities of the mud system. PACKAGING CLAY-COAT XTRA is packaged in 25 litre plastic pails or 205 litre steel drums.
C-PACK is a pre-mixed casing pack formulation to recover casing. C-PACK is a non-weighted, no solids invert emulsion designed for maximum stability and lubricity. APPLICATION The hole should be circulated clean around the casing or rods, prior to using C-PACK as a casing lubricator. Rig the pump suction directly to an agitated drum of C-PACK and pump into rods/casing as required. Annular volumes should be calculated with an excess of 20% allowed for over-size hole. Annular volume between PQ hole and HW casing is 1.8 litres/metre. Displace C-PACK with mud or water leaving approximately 2 to 3 metres C-PACK inside casing. Set casing to seal and prevent flow-back. Note:-If hole is experiencing lost returns prior to running C-PACK, the C-PACK should be pumped down the outside of the casing, rotating the casing slowly, while pumping to ensure a uniform coating. USAGE One 200 litre drum of C-PACK will fill approximately 110 metres of HW casing/PQ hole annulus. PACKAGING C-PACK is packaged in 25 kg cubes and 200 litre steel drums.
USAGE Normal use: 25 − 50 kilograms per 1. one sack system. INHIBI−SWELL P is truly a unique formulation. Improves core recovery and prevents core from being washed away. 86 . Polymers such as CR 650. LIQUI−POL. Prevents fluid invasion into friable formations. PACKAGING INHIBI−SWELL P is packed in 20 kg pails. APPLICATION INHIBI-SWELL P combines several properties that inhibit the reactive mechanism when drilling swelling and hydrophobic formations.INHIBI-SWELL P INHIBI−SWELL P is a newly formulated individually designed one sack system that allows you to drill difficult geological formations which otherwise would have been impossible. making them water repellent. Easy to mix. therefore stabilizing the formation. BIOVIS and XAN−BORE can be used in conjunction with INHIBI−SWELL P at a concentration of about 2 to 4 kgs per 1. Ideal for the preparation of a casing pack. ADVANTAGES Stabilizes water sensitive formations. Prevents hole enlargement in fragile water sensitive formations. making your drilling problems disappear.000 litres water.000 Lt water for viscosity adjustments. Provides a stable wall cake. Easy to monitor for efficiency. PACs.
Protects reservoirs. USAGE The API fluid test for a non invasive additive should be conducted as follows: Pour 300 grams of 20/40 sand onto the screen with no paper. Performs as a fluid loss reducer and formation stabilizer in oil base muds. PAC. It reduces dynamic filtration loss. APPLICATION A treatment of 11 kg/m3 of RESIDRILL to a salt polymer mud system on a 20/40 sandstone test cell allowed only minimal to zero “spurt” invasion and 100% return permeability. A normal treatment of AMC RESI−DRILL would be between 5 and 12 kgs/m3. ADVANTAGES Reduces dynamic filtration loss. Prevents formation of a thick filter cake while drilling through pressure depleted formations.RESIDRILL RESIDRILL is a product designed to give any drilling fluid non invasive properties. Improves the performance of solids control equipment by aggregating fine solid particles making them easily removed. 87 . The product is environmentally friendly. Replaces conventional fluid loss control agents and inhibitors eg. stabilizes wellbores and protects reservoirs from damage. 11 kg/m3 added to any fluid will limit fluid invasion thus protecting the reservoir permeability. Filter cake and differential sticking are therefore minimized and weak formations are stabilized. The product is formulated to reduce fluid loss and stabilize shales by preventing filtrate invasion. PHPA.
PACKAGING ROD-FREE is packaged in 25 litre pails or 205 litre steel drums.000 litres to a suitable non hydrocarbon base oil. ADVANTAGES ROD-FREE can be mixed directly with a suitable non hydrocarbon based oil and spotted opposite the permeable zone where the rods are thought to be stuck. 88 . Spot opposite permeable formation where rods are stuck.ROD-FREE ROD-FREE is a concentrated oil soluble surfactant specially formulated to alleviate differential sticking. USAGE Add 15 to 20 litres/1. APPLICATION ROD-FREE has been developed to free differentially stuck drill rods in low or unweighted mud systems when all other mechanical options have failed. thereby reducing the surface area in contact with the borehole and allowing the rods to be pulled free. ROD-FREE is highly effective at penetrating the mud wall cake.
TRUCK WASH . 89 PACKAGING Available in 200 litre and 25 litre containers. Suitable for use in hard. It can also be used for cleaning all vehicles and equipment. Can be used underground and in confined spaces because of its low odour. factory. . It is a multifunctional product at various dilutions. mining maintenance and processing areas. Rinse off with high pressure water clean. APPLICATION TRUCK WASH is suitable for maintenance cleaning in the workshop. USAGE APPLICATION Dilution with water Degreasing engines and machinery 1:1 or 1:4 Vehicle / equipment washing 1:19 Concrete floors and steel surfaces 1:40 Pressure cleaning 1:30 or 1:80 Apply cleaning solution directly to surfaces. ADVANTAGES Passes the Standards Australia Test AS4351 for biodegradability. oil and grease from hard surfaces. Has quick break properties to assist in waste disposal. Allow time for detergent to penetrate (5-10min).Premium Performance Detergent Degreaser TRUCK WASH is a high foaming biodegradable degreaser detergent which effectively removes dirt. soft and salt water environments.
It is used for the treatment of recycled mine water or extremely hard artesian water.pH 10 range. ADVANTAGES Negates the need to use high concentrations of Soda Ash and / or Caustic Soda.000 litre for every 1. USAGE Use 1 kg / 1.WATER CONDITIONER WATER CONDITIONER is a blend of water treating agents. PACKAGING WATER CONDITIONER is packaged in 15 kg pails.000mg/I Total Hardness. APPLICATION Will treat both soluble calcium and magnesium without high residual levels. 90 . Residual pH levels at normal treatment ranges will remain in the pH 9.
Lost circulation materials may be divided into fibres. Care should be taken when drilling into aquifers using loss circulation materials to avoid plugging of the aquifer and subsequent bore development problems. AMC has a range of lost circulation products which are designed to cover most drilling applications. To cure the loss of whole mud the zones must be plugged so that a filter cake can be formed. fractures or voids. fibres and flakes are more effective in low density muds and are more applicable to diamond drilling and water well drilling.LOST CIRCULATION MATERIALS Lost circulation occurs when there is a continuous loss of whole mud into permeable formations. flakes and granules. 91 . In diamond drilling the loss of returns above the water table may result in a dry hole which can cause problems when landing the core barrel inner tube. In general.
ideal for sedimentary formations. fine. forms a tough. but are normally used in circumstances where the fractures and shearing is considered moderate Ideal for curing losses attributable to fractures and voids of varying sizes with total loss of fluid Suitable for a variety of thief zones. medium and coarse Shredded organic fibre Fast setting chemical grout. poorly cemented formations.LOST CIRCULATION MATERIALS (CONTINUED) AUS-PLUG MICA COTTON SEED HULLS Bentonite Pellets Granulated polymer Mica. Pellets are initially coated in an inhibiting fluid before placement Used under similar conditions to Bentonite Pellets. flakes . vuggy formations with partial to total loss of fluid Extremely effective in situations where total loss of circulation is experienced. provides support in fractures. medium and coarse Cotton seed hulls Pelletised Bentonite For micro fractures and sands. for sealing thief zones where low circulating pressures exist Seepage loss. its sealing properties are greatly enhanced when used with other LCM materials.fine. vugs or fractures. and helps prevent excessive water inflows 92 Bentonite Granules / Chips KWIKSEAL SHUR-SEAL POLY-GROUT Granulated Bentonite Mixture of fibres. fine fractures. sands and broken formations An extremely fast setting grout designed to counteract loss circulation. water resistant rubber in a predetermined time . shearing. sands and micro fractures Suited in fine to medium sized fractures. in formations that contain large fissures.
The mixture will then swell and seal fissures. cracks and porous formations. In diamond drilling. will swell up to 500 times original volume.1. PACKAGING AUS-PLUG is packaged in 8 kg plastic pails.AUS-PLUG . AUS-PLUG can be allowed to swell in water or mud for 15-20 minutes.5 kgs/100litre. Rapid swelling. USAGE 0. 93 . to avoid long delays while waiting for AUS-PLUG to swell down-hole. Once the tube has been pulled. APPLICATION AUS-PLUG should be mixed with fresh water then pumped down the hole to the zone of lost circulation. In circumstances where a low water level or total loss of water returns results in excessive vibration and torque.5kg . this solution can be poured directly down the rods. AUS-PLUG is ideal for sealing zones of lost circulation and can also be used to reduce rod vibration in holes where lost returns are a problem.Lost Circulation Polymer AUS-PLUG is a hydrophilic polymer in granular form that absorbs up to 500 times its original volume in water. the AUS-PLUG can be pre-wetted with water in a 20-40 litre container. After pumping the tube down the rods drilling can recommence. ADVANTAGES Easy to place in hole. The resulting swollen mixture can be periodically poured down the outside or the rods and acts as a cushion between the rod string and hole casing. This procedure can be repeated on successive core runs. Drilling can recommence after a waiting period of 30 minutes.
000 litres mud.25 kgs/1. 10 kg bags.COMMON LOST CIRCULATION MATERIALS USAGE AUS-PLUG KWIK-SEAL SHUR-SEAL PACKAGING AUS-PLUG KWIK-SEAL SHUR-SEAL 94 Add 5 .000 litres mud.45 kgs/1. 40 lb multi-walled paper bags. Add 20 . Add 5 .000 litres mud. .15 kgs/1. 8 kg pails.
Can be used to effectively stop loss of fluid in unconsolidated formation and fractures.000 litres of Make Up Fluid PACKAGING 40LB Sack 95 .KWIKSEAL KWIKSEAL is an engineered blend of granular. then packing off around the bridge to create a seal.The seal is not easily removed by bit movement or mud circulation . Add 10-20kg of KWIKSEAL to every 1. flake.It functions by first forming a bridge. fibres (matting agents). .Effective in small quantities. strong. and flakes (sealing agents) . Fine grind is where seepage losses are a problem. Medium grind is extremely effective in sealing medium to fine fractures and porous zones and can be used with most jet bits. such as with fine fractures or porous formations. . It is recommended that Medium grind be used for diamond drilling applications when 100% lost circulation is encountered. It is available in three grinds to function effectively over the widest range of lost circulation materials. ADVANTAGES .Tight. . APPLICATION KWIKSEAL’S primary function is to stop lost circulation in a wide range of conditions with water based drilling fluids. Fine will circulate through coarse .20 mesh) and can be maintained in the mud as a filler.Specific blend of high strength granules (bridging agents). USAGE Add KWIKSEAL through the hopper or directly in to a well agitated suction pit. The tolerances experienced in diamond drilling are too small for the coarse grind to be used. seal under high and low pressure differentials. Coarse grind is used to seal large fractures and highly permeable formations and can be pumped easily through large jets or open pipe. and fibrous materials.mesh shaker screens (+ .
SHUR SEAL SHUR SEAL is a blend of variable sized particles of ground paper that is applicable for use in all water based drilling fluid systems.Can be added through the hopper or directly in to the pits. APPLICATION SHUR SEAL can be used in concentrations up to 40kg / 1. USAGE 5 .000 litres of fluid make up in slug treatments or as an additive to the entire system. .25kg / 1. In most areas of lost circulation it is advisable to pre treat the system before drilling in to the lost circulation zone. PACKAGING 10kg Sack 96 .Simple and easy to use. ADVANTAGES .Range of different particle sizes.000 litres of Drilling Fluid. .
off site incineration. The Eco Nutria range eliminates the need for costly transportation of soil and / or liquids. storage or dumping. All Eco Nutria products are manufactured from natural materials and fibres. are biodegradable and environmentally friendly.ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS AMC provides ecologically sensitive bio-chemical products known as the Eco Nutria range. ABSORBENT MATS AND BOOMS DUSTCLEAN DUSTDOWN ECO WASH EMD-S H2O GEL HYDRO OILSORB OXYGEN BOOSTER REDS SOILCLEAN SUMPKLEEN SUMP-LOK 97 . These products enable the in-situ treatment and remediation of hydro-carbon from drilling rig sites. including polymers in sumps. and associated equipment.
. . oil and glycol spills.Can be incinerated.Spill Response Teams use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS to contain spills on roadways or waterways. . FEATURES AND BENEFITS .Can be biodegraded using Eco Nutria procedures. .Floats on water while absorbing Hydrocarbons. readily biodegradable.Petroleum Distribution Operators use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS to contain spills.Prevents wildlife from coming into contact with pollutant. .Less material is hauled to landfill or incinerator.Aircraft use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS to contain fuel.Hydraulic drill contractors use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS around their drilling rigs and sumps to absorb leakages from the rig and to contain oil spills on water to eliminate contamination of the environment. . . or for emergency containment during transport delivery.High absorbency means less product is required to clean up spill.Non-toxic. . Emits 7.ABSORBENT MATS AND BOOMS APPLICATION Absorbent Mats have a broad range of applications: .Maritime use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS around leaking equipment and contain larger spills to open water.Hydrophobic with high buoyancy level.000 BTU’s with less than 5 per cent ash. . . . PACKAGING Booms: 4m x 20cm 2m x 10cm 2m x 20cm (larger sizes can be made as per order) AbMats: 500mm x 500mm x 50mm 1m x 1m x 100mm 2m x 500mm x 200mm 1m x 1m x 200mm 98 .
DUSTCLEAN is a specially formulated product designed to eliminate dust from declines and underground roadways. It is odour free and does not develop a slippery surface when wet. APPLICATION Dust prevention and suppression on declines and underground roadways. Reduces vehicle maintenance. Reduces particulate matter in the air. ADVANTAGE Easy to apply. Reduces vehicle maintenance. Increases tyre life. TYPICAL PROPERTIES Appearance: clear coloured liquid. RECOMMENDED TREATMENT - Initial Coating: - Mix a 30% solution in water. - Spray the diluted DUSTCLEAN at about 0.2 lt/m2. - Leave to dry. - Maintenance Coating: - The maintenance coating is sprayed onto the dry initial coating. - Maintenance coatings are applied at the same concentration and application rate as the initial coating, 1-3 weeks after the initial coating depending on the nature of the roadway.
DESCRIPTION DUSTDOWN is a specially formulated product designed to protect gravel road surfaces and eliminate dust. DUSTDOWN penetrates the road surface and with time forms a layer on the road surface which then needs less spraying periods. Roads treated with DUSTDOWN do not develop a slippery surface when wet. APPLICATION Dust prevention and suppression on mine roads, haul roads and gravel roads. Increases tyre life. Reduces vehicle maintenance. ADVANTAGES Easy to apply. Reduces vehicle maintenance. Increases tyre life TYPICAL PROPERTIES Appearance: light coloured liquid. Recommended Treatment for Gravel Roads Initial Coating: Mix 300 lt of DUSTDOWN into 1,700 lt water. Spray the diluted DUSTDOWN at about 0.2 lt/m2. Leave to dry. MAINTENANCE COATING: The maintenance coating is sprayed onto the dry initial coating. Maintenance coatings are applied at the same concentration and application rate as the initial coating, 1-3 weeks after the initial coating depending on the nature of the road.
ECOWASH is an environmentally friendly and biodegradable alternative to harsh solvents or conventional cleaning products. The product is particularly effective on organic soils, such as grease and oil, or soils that contain soot or pigment. It does not damage rubber, plastic, paint or metal. APPLICATION ECOWASH should be used undiluted for heavy duty cleaning. Apply to the surface to be cleaned with sufficient agitation or scrubbing to remove the soiling. ECOWASH can be applied by means of high-pressure systems. For general purpose cleaning ECOWASH can be diluted as required. The waste product can be washed to drain where regulations allow. Applications include hard surface cleaning, engineering cleaning, machine cleaning and all purpose cleaning. Composition: A clear, slightly opalescent liquid, containing a blend of non-ionic and cationic surfactants, a complexing agent and other salts in a water solution. SAFETY Frequent users should wear protective gloves. Wash off skin / bath eyes with water. If swallowed rinse out mouth but do not drink. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention if irritant persists. Keep out of reach of children. PACKAGING 25 / 200 lt, 1,000 lt flow bins.
Can be used on any dust generating materials ADVANTAGES Allows easy penetration of water in bulk materials. Improves the wetting properties of water. TYPICAL Appearance: Viscous light brown liquid. Used to suppress dust on stock piles. EMD-S can be used in any type of water. Provides clear working environment. APPLICATION It is designed for use on surface transfer points and conveyor belts. PROPERTIES Solubility: Highly soluble in water RECOMMENDED 0.000 litres of DOSAGE water. Reduces the amount of water required for dust suppression. 102 .EMD-S EMD-S is a proven dust suppression agent formulated from blends of highly active hydrocarbon surfactants and stabilising agents. Very cost effective (needs only small amounts to achieve great results).5 litre to 1.0 litre of EMD-S on 1. Reduces health risks associated with excessive inhalation of dust.
contaminated water.Non-harmful to the environment or humans. PACKAGING 5 kg and 10 kg pail. . . and through a process of natural evaporation eliminates costly disposal fees. .High absorbency. APPLICATION . .Moisture source for microbes.H2O GEL H2O GEL is dry absorbent powder which readily encapsulates water. H2O is a medium for gel cutting fluids. 103 . FEATURES AND BENEFITS . emulsified liquids.Non-toxic.Bio degrades with exposure to ultra violet.Absorbent of water / acid spills. chemicals.Re-hydrates at least 10 times. .
lakes.000 BTU’s with less than 5 per cent ash .Less material is hauled to landfill or incinerator . absorbs petro-hydrocarbon based fluids without absorbing the water.High absorbency means less product is required to clean up spill . . APPLICATION HYDRO OILSORB has a broad range of applications: .HYDRO OILSORB HYDRO OILSORB is hydrophobic. environmentally friendly absorbent manufactured from natural fibre. .Can be incinerated. floats on water. HYDRO OILSORB will not disintegrate or sink when saturated with oil and is easily disposed of.Prevents wildlife from coming into contact with pollutant . . . contains billions of micro-organisms and enzymes to digest petro-hydrocarbons .Hydrophobic with high buoyancy level . . .Control oil contamination in wastewater treatment plants.Spill Response Teams use Booms and Pillows to contain spills on roadways or waterways.Control oil spills in rivers.Floats on water while absorbing Hydrocarbons PACKAGING Loose Floc: 5 kg Bags Booms: 2m x 10cm 2m x 20cm 4m x 20cm (larger sizes can be made as per order) Abmats: 2m x 500mm x 200mm 1m x 1m x 200mm 1m x 1m x 100mm 500mm x 500mm x 50mm (larger sizes can be made as per order) 104 . FEATURES AND BENEFITS . Emits 7.Remove oil contamination from plant process water. and is oleophillic. HYDRO OILSORB is a natural.Control oil spills and slicks in harbour and dock areas.Readily biodegradable.Hydraulic drill contractors use ABSORBENT MATS & BOOMS around their drilling rigs and sumps to absorb leakages from the rig and to contain oil spills on water to eliminate contamination of the environment.Non-toxic. dams and catchments areas.
User friendly. The slow release ingredients are water-soluble. non-hazardous and safe to use. environmentally friendly and biodegradable. FEATURES Easy and safe to handle. ‘Safe to Nature’. PACKAGING 20 kg Plastic Pails. Removes odours quickly. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Appearance: White Granules pH: Neutral Fragrance: Odourless STORAGE AND HANDLING Storage: Store in a cool dry place and away from other chemicals and oxidizing agents.OXYGEN BOOSTER OXYGEN BOOSTER is a stable water soluble oxidizing granule which will not harm the environment. Wash hands thoroughly with warm soapy water after use. non-toxic. Handling: Avoid excessive contact. thereby assisting the SoilFix / SoilClean hydrocarbon digesting micro organisms to thrive in the harsh anaerobic environment. 105 . It also eliminates odours quickly and permanently. BENEFITS Slow release providing oxygen gradually to the source. Safe to nature. its primary function is to boost the oxygen levels in anaerobic soil remediation conditions.
Mix 150 Lt of REDS into 850 LT water. APPLICATION .Increases tyre life . 1-3 weeks after the initial coating depending on the nature of the road.Reduces vehicle maintenance .Leave to dry.Dust prevention and suppression on mine roads.Maintenance coating . .Spray the second layer of diluted REDS at about 1 Lt/m2. It is very easy to apply and with time forms a hydrophobic layer on the road surface which then needs less spraying periods.Increases tyre life.Reduces dust on agricultural crops to maximize crop production.Maintenance coating are applied at the same concentration and application rate as the initial coating.Initial coating . 106 . . This product penetrates the road surface to give a very stable road surface layer. . .The maintenance coating is sprayed onto the dry initial coating. Roads treated with REDS do not develop a slippery surface when wet.Reduces vehicle maintenance .Spray the diluted REDS at about 1 Lt/m2 . haul roads and gravel roads. . .Leave to dry.Mix another 150 Lt of REDS into 850 LT water. 12-24 hours after the first layer. . ADVANTAGES . .REDS REDS is a specially formulated product to protect gravel road surfaces and eliminate dust.Increases crop production TYPICAL PROPERTIES Appearance: light coloured liquid RECOMMENDED TREATMENT FOR GRAVEL ROADS .Easy to apply .
SOILCLEAN acts as a fire retardant . The bacteria and enzymes (micro organisms) present in SOILCLEAN go to work by digesting and metabolising with the petro-hydrocarbon contaminant. Ensure that the beds / windrows are turned on a regular basis.Simple and safe to use . The natural non-pathogenic bacteria. APPLICATION SOILCLEAN is applied by evenly distributing and mixing the product into the contaminated soil. FEATURES AND BENEFITS . non-abrasive. the contaminants are quickly converted into water.SOILCLEAN is non-toxic. carbon dioxide and bio mass. Remediation can take place on site to contaminant ingress depths of up to 500 mm. Case histories and technical assistance is provided by our trained technical sales staff. Mix 500 ml of SOILCLEAN with 20 litres of water. Deeper contaminated areas should be excavated and thoroughly mixed with SOILCLEAN with the aid of a front end loader / concrete mixer and placed into beds or windrows to a max height of 300 mm. enzymes (micro organisms) present in SOILCLEAN naturally biodegrades the contaminant to harmless by-products of carbon dioxide.SOILCLEAN SOILCLEAN is a dual-purpose oil / fuel absorbent and bio degrader that readily absorbs and biodegrades all fractions of petro-hydrocarbons and drilling polymers.Produced from a natural waste product Nutrients in SOILCLEAN: The micro-organisms. PACKAGING 10 kg Pail.Encapsulated oils and fuels will not leach or contaminate ground water . By keeping the area damp. non pathogenic bacteria and enzymes in SOILFIX are indigenous cellulose. 107 . and regularly aerating the remediation area. water and a bio mass in situ in a short time frame. Petro-hydrocarbon sludge’s can be remediated by utilizing the above process. non-carcinogenic and non-volatile .
ADVANTAGES Rapidly replenishes oxygen. 108 . Carbonizes oil and drilling polymers. and converts to water within 24 hours. and replenishes the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) rapidly. PACKAGING 25 kg Pail. penetrated and lifted the ingressed oil. It is designed to de-flocculate (bring to the surface) oil and suspended solids from the sludge bed in drilling sumps. Non-Flammable Solvent Free. Note: SUMPKLEEN has been formulated as a de-flocculant and will rapidly biodegrade after it has actioned.SUMPKLEEN SUMPKLEEN is a granular white powder blend of surface active ingredients. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE Safe and easy to handle. Easy to use and leaves no harmful residues. Rapidly biodegrades after it has performed its task. Not regulated as an ozone depleter. Environmentally friendly.
SUMP-LOK SUMP-LOK is a gelling agent specially formulated to gellate water based drilling fluids to form a firm gel.000 litres of drilling fluid. 109 .Non-harmful to the environment or humans .Bio degrades .2. 10 kg of SUMP-LOK will firmly gellate 600 .Non-toxic . APPLICATION Gellation of water based drilling fluid sumps prior to disposal Gellation of HDD drilling fluids prior to disposal Gellation of bentonite slurries in civil engineering applications FEATURES AND BENEFITS . Depending on drilling fluid composition.High absorbency PACKAGING 10 kg and 25 kg Pail.
110 . The plugs can also be used to set a casing pack in the casing annulus to aid in recovery of the casing. APPLICATION DISPLACEMENT PLUGS are particularly suited to cementing deep diamond drill holes. PACKAGING DISPLACEMENT PLUGS are available in NQ. HQ. The plugs can be used to isolate the cement slurry from the drilling fluid reducing or eliminating dilution and contamination.DISPLACEMENT PLUGS Drillable DISPLACEMENT PLUGS have been designed for use in diamond drilling rods and casing when cementing or running casing packs. Displacement plugs are made of natural rubber and the fluted design allows the plugs to be displaced with the rig pump. PQ sizes.
111 . a funnel and a 200 mesh sieve contained on a cylindrical shaped holder. A level bubble is mounted on the beam to ensure accurate balancing.TESTING EQUIPMENT MUD BALANCE One of the most important properties monitored throughout the drilling operation is the mud weight. In the field pH papers are typically used to measure the pH of a drilling fluid. measurements must be taken and recorded regularly. The funnel viscosity test gives an indication of changes in flow properties. solubility of components and contaminants. The kit consists of a glass tube graduated to read percent by volume. pH PAPERS Field measurements of drilling fluid pH are fundamental to drilling fluid control. These solids are a contaminant and if left in the system can lead to numerous problems. with a sliding weight rider moving along a graduated scale. but to be effective. The mud balance consists of a beam with a mud cup at one end and a fixed counterweight at the other end. Solutions with a pH value less than 7 are considered ‘acidic’ and those with pH values greater that 7 are considered ‘alkaline’ while pH 7 is ‘neutral’. The Sand Content Kit determines the volume percent of sand sized particles in the drilling fluid. and overall effectiveness of additives are all dependent upon pH. SAND CONTENT KIT One of the primary functions of a drilling fluid is to carry drilled solids from the hole. Clay interaction. MARSH FUNNEL AND CUP Viscosity and gel strengths are measurements that relate to the flow properties of fluids.
28 0.895 0.785 0.12 8.145 0.4536 2.33 To give To give To give To give To give Metres Feet Tonne Thousands of Pounds Litres/Minute Gals (US) /Minute Kilopascals Pounds/Inch Squared Specific Gravity Pounds/Gallon .CONVERSION TABLE 112 ITEM DEPTH WEIGHT ON BIT MUD FLOW RATE PRESSURE MUD WEIGHT NEW UNIT METRES (m) TONNE (t) LITRES/MINUTE KILOPASCALS (kPa) SPECIFIC GRAVITY (unitless) Multiply Multiply Multiply Multiply Multiply Feet Metres Thousands of Pounds Tonnes Gallons/Minute (US) Litres/Minute Pounds/Inch Squared Kilopascals Pounds/Gallon (US) Specific Gravity by by by by by CONVERSION 0.2 3.264 6.3048 3.
com.666 To give Pounds/Barrel Metres/Hour Feet/Hour Cubic Metres Barrels Kilopascals/Metre Pounds/Inch Sq.35 0.au 113 CAKE THICKNESS BENTONITE CONTENT RATE OF PENETRAION MUD VOLUMES PRESSURE GRADIENT CASING WEIGHT / UNIT LENGTH MILLIMETRES (mm) KILOGRAMS/CUBIC METRE (kg/m3) METRES/HOUR (m/ hr) CUBIC METRES (m3) KILOPASCALS/ METRE (kPa/m) KILOGRAMS/METRE (kg/m) Multiply by 0.CONVERSION TABLE (CONTINUED) 32nds of Inch Millimetre Pounds/Barrel Multiply Kilograms/Cubic Metre Feet/Hour Metre/Hour Barrels Cubic Metres Pounds/Inch Sq.28 0.442 1.3 22.62 0./Foot Kilopascals/Metre Pounds/Foot Kilograms/Metre www.853 To give Millimetres 32nds of Inch Kilograms/Cubic Metre by 0.3048 3.488 0.159 6.ausmud. Foot Kilograms/Metre Pounds/Foot Multiply Multiply Multiply Multiply by by by by To give To give To give To give .26 2.794 1.
8kpa x 1.2 sg. is 1.2 ..2 150 x 9.8kpa x 1 = 1479kpa To calculate pressure at TD in 150m hole with common mud .SG1) ÷ (4.SG2) =kg Barite/ 1.g.000 litres Where SG1 = Starting Mud Weight (SG) SG2 = Desired Mud Weight (SG) 114 . this would equate to a pressure of 12kpa per metre To calculate pressure at the bottom of a 150m hole with water would be: Depth of Hole x Pressure Exerted by Fluid per metre x SG 150 x 9.2 = 1764kpa Barite Calculations To increase the Mud Weight using Barite 4200(SG2 .PRESSURE AND BARITE CALCULATIONS Density Calculating pressures at the Bottom of Hole Water with a SG 1 = 9.8kpa per metre of hole A common mud weight for e. Depth of Hole x Pressure per metre x 1.
30 1.48 1.38 1.62 1.10 1.20 1.16 1.18 1.44 1.54 1.06 1.02.60 1.00 38.40 1.08 1.00 42.00 36.00 16.42 1.02 1.00 2.22 1.00 1.00 8.00 14.00 4.00 18.28 1. therefore 10-1 = 9 sacks per 1000L) 115 Weighting up with Baryte 44.00 32.26 1. SG of 1.00 25kg Sacks of Baryte per 1000L makeup 1.36 1.00 0.66 Specific Gravity 1SG = 8.00 30.18 required with initial SG of 1.00 10.52 1.56 1.12 1.24 1.58 1.04 1.00 12.00 40.00 20.00 6.00 28.00 26.50 1.64 1.00 34.14 1.34 1.33lb/gal .00 22.BARITE WEIGHTING CHART Minus desired SG from initial SG for sacks required per 1000L (eg.46 1.00 24.32 1.
WIRELINE DRILL ROD SIZING WIRELINE DRILL RODS Q WIRELINE DRILL RODS Size AQ BQ NQ HQ PQ 116 WIRELINE DRILL RODS Q WIRELINE DRILL RODS Size OD (in.0 23.5* ID (mm) 34.0 38.9 88.6 ID (in.8 166.8 474.9 117.9 46.) 13/4 2 13/16 23/4 31/2 45/8 * OD (mm) 44.) 13/8 2 3/16 23/8 31/16 41/16 Weight Threads (1lb/10ft) per inch 31 40 52 77 106** 4 3 3 3 3 Content (U.4 AQ BQ NQ HQ PQ * Coupling OD ** With Coupling PQ Rod Body OD = 114.0 60.4 47.2** Threads per inch 4 3 3 3 3 Content (L/100 m) 95.S.4 23.6 69.4 34.2 67.8 103.3 285.2 Weight (kg/3m) 14.0 18.3 77. gal per 100 feet) 7.5 55.4 836.3 * Coupling OD ** With Coupling PQ Rod Body OD = 41/2 inches .7 13.
5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 15.6 31.4 15.9 58.9 Hole Size Inches 6 Ann Vel Ft/min 52 77 103 129 155 206 232 258 283 Pipe Size Inches 3.7 23.5 43.1 87.1 62.8 70.0 2.6 51.4 Hole Size Inches 5 Ann Vel Ft/min 96 144 192 240 288 Pipe Size Inches 3.ANNULAR VELOCITY .3 43.8 117 .5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 1.2 82.9 31.0 57.2 10.4 Hole Size Inches 7.9 6.7 25.TABLE FOR WATER WELL APPLICATIONS Hole Size Inches 17.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 10.7 32.0 Hole Size Inches 8.2 8.3 17.4 15.9 21.3 2.5 Ann Vel Ft/min 34 51 68 85 102 136 153 170 187 204 272 Pipe Size Inches 4.3 5.9 39.1 41.9 14.5 7.8 17.3 3.5 12.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 7.5 46.9 4.25 Ann Vel Ft/min 9 14 19 24 28 38 42 47 52 57 75 Pipe Size Inches 4.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 29.4 Hole Size Inches 12.4 39.5 Flow Rate US GPM 50 75 100 125 150 200 225 250 275 300 400 Flow Rate Ltr/min 189 284 379 473 568 757 852 946 1041 1136 1514 Ann Vel Ft/min 4 6 9 11 13 17 19 21 24 26 34 Pipe Size Inches 4.5 73.6 11.3 35.5 20.5 86.5 28.3 47.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 2.2 5.8 10.2 23.2 7.8 14.9 5.7 7.6 3.0 62.8 57.5 Ann Vel Ft/min 24 35 47 59 71 94 106 118 129 141 188 Pipe Size Inches 4.7 78.
7 18. 1893 2271 2650 3028 3407 3785 4164 4542 4921 5299 43 51 60 68 77 86 94 103 111 120 13.25 Ann Vel Ft/min Pipe Size Inches 4.3 33.9 23.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min Hole Size Inches 12.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min Hole Size Inches 8.0 74.100 1.7 57.5 40.200 1.5 26.1 28.0 51.5 235 282 71.3 20.400 Notes on next page.7 86.2 69.5 Ann Vel Ft/min Pipe Size Inches 4.9 36.5 Ann Vel Mtr/min 118 500 600 700 800 900 1.7 80.7 31.0 15.5 Flow Rate US GPM Flow Rate Ltr/min Ann Vel Ft/min Pipe Size Inches 4.5 63.2 46.5 94 113 132 151 170 189 207 226 245 264 28.1 .000 1.300 1.7 34.TABLE FOR WATER WELL APPLICATIONS (CONTINUED) Hole Size Inches 17.
4. Annular velocities below this range may result in efficient hole cleaning 3.) 2. Recommended annular velocities are in the 80 . Recommended mud viscosity in the 40 .0. Effective annular cuttings velocity is calculated by mud velocity minus cuttings velocity. 6.43 mtr/min. hole erosion and inefficient hole cleaning. 119 .140 ft/min range (24 .0” . Cuttings slip velocity fall in the 30 .55 sec/qt range. the higher the recommended viscosity. the larger the annulus. depending on size (2. 5.3 mtr/min) range.TABLE FOR WATER WELL APPLICATIONS (CONTINUED) Notes: 1.26” dia) and mud viscosity.10 ft/min (9 . Annular velocities higher than this range may result in turbulent flow.
(Pipe Diameter mm²) = Metres per Minute Annula Volume Hole Diameter mm² .Pipe Diameter mm² 1270 120 = Litres per metre .GENERAL MUD CALCULATIONS Hole Volume in litres Depth of Hole x Hole Dia mm² Assume Hole Diameter 187mm and the depth of hole is 100 metres 100 x (187mm x 187mm) ÷ 1270 = 2753 litres Up Hole Velocity 1270 x Pump Output Litre/Minute (Hole Diameter mm² .
By counting the number of strokes per minute the pump output can be accurately determined. the number of strokes can be increased or decreased which regulates the pump output. so it will be necessary to convert these to litres per minute as required. Of these. Common pumps in the industry are TRIPLEX.PUMP OUTPUT The heart of any mud circulating system is the mud pump. 121 . Pump output rates from these popular Bean and FMC triplex pumps are quoted in US Gallons per minute. which is the primary factor in the effectiveness of hole cleaning. By varying the speed of the pump. This is simply done by multiplying the US gallons p/m by 3. In the case of smaller triplex pumps. DUPLEX and CENTRIFUGAL. so that pump strokes cannot be counted. This should be done on a regular basis to compensate for wear factors in the pump. The best method of determining output of these pumps is to physically measure the output of the pump at a specific RPM in a specific gear in the gearbox. the duplex is generally the easiest to regulate. as the pump rods are visible. the pump rods are enclosed and therefore not visible. such as ‘Bean’ pumps so common in diamond drilling operations. For both the triplex and duplex pumps. one stroke is designed as ‘1 up and 1 back for each pump rod’.785 to arrive at litres p/m.
7854 x Diameter (m)² x Depth x 1.000 = litres Square Tanks with Sloping Sides Width (m) x Height (m) x (Length (m) + Length (m) x 1.000 = litres Hole Volumes Hole Diameter (mm)² .7854 x Diameter (m)² x Depth x 1.Pipe OD (mm)² Recommend 25 to 35 metres per minute 122 .Pipe OD (mm)² = litres per metre 1270 Annular Velocities 1270 x Pump Output (litres per metre) Hole ID (mm)² .000 = litres Round Tanks 0.VOLUME CALCULATIONS Square Tanks Length (m) x Width (m) x Height x 1.000 = litres 2 Round Tank with Sloping Sides Diameter of Top (m) + Diameter of Bottom (m) 2 0.Pipe OD (mm)² = litres per metre 1270 Annular Volume Hole Diameter (mm)² .
As a general rule. 123 . the cuttings continually fall back through the mud down to the bit. bogging may occur. subtract the slip velocity (approx. 6 metres per minute) from the calculated up hole velocity to determine a nett working figure.VOLUME CALCULATIONS (CONTINUED) Total Circulation Time Hole Volume with Pipe = Minutes Pump Output Bottoms Up Annular Volume = Minutes Pump Rate Slip Velocities As the annulus is being pumped. If the hole velocity is less that the slip velocity.
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com www.AUSTRALIAN MUD COMPANY 5 Pitino Court Osborne Park Western Australia 6017 Australia Tel: (+61 8) 9445 4000 Fax:(+61 8) 9445 4040 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org .ausmud.
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