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Formule trigonometrice 1

Formule trigonometrice
1. sin =
a
c
; cos =
b
c
; tg =
a
b
; ctg =
b
a
;
(a, b catetele, c ipotenuza triunghiului dreptunghic, unghiul, opus catetei a).
2. tg =
sin
cos
; ctg =
cos
sin
.
3. tg ctg = 1.
4. sin
_

2

_
= cos ; sin( ) = sin .
5. cos
_

2

_
= sin ; cos( ) = cos .
6. tg
_

2

_
= ctg ; ctg
_

2

_
= tg .
7. sec
_

2

_
= cosec ; cosec
_

2

_
= sec .
8. sin
2
+ cos
2
= 1.
9. 1 + tg
2
= sec
2
.
10. 1 + ctg
2
= cosec
2
.
11. sin( ) = sin cos sin cos .
12. cos( ) = cos cos sin sin .
13. tg( ) =
tg tg
1 tg tg
.
14. ctg( ) =
ctg ctg 1
ctg ctg
.
15. sin 2 = 2 sin cos .
16. cos 2 = cos
2
sin
2
.
17. tg 2 =
2 tg
1 tg
2

.
18. ctg 2 =
ctg
2
1
2 ctg
.
19. sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin
3
.
20. cos 3 = 4 cos
3
3 cos .
21.

sin

2

=
_
1 cos
2
.
22.

cos

2

=
_
1 + cos
2
.
Formule trigonometrice 2
23.

tg

2

=
_
1 cos
1 + cos
.
24. tg

2
=
sin
1 + cos
=
1 cos
sin
.
25.

ctg

2

=
_
1 + cos
1 cos
.
26. ctg

2
=
sin
1 cos
=
1 + cos
sin
.
27. 1 + cos = 2 cos
2

2
.
28. 1 cos = 2 sin
2

2
.
29. sin sin = 2 sin

2
cos

2
.
30. cos + cos = 2 cos
+
2
cos

2
.
31. cos cos = 2 sin
+
2
sin

2
.
32. tg tg =
sin( )
cos cos
.
33. ctg ctg =
sin( )
sin sin
.
34. sin sin =
1
2
[cos( ) cos( + )].
35. sin cos =
1
2
[sin( + ) + sin( )].
36. cos cos =
1
2
[cos( + ) + cos( )].
37. Ecuatii trigonometrice elementare:
sin x = a, |a| 1; x = (1)
n
arcsin a + n;
cos x = a, |a| 1; x = arccos a + 2n;
tg x = a, x = arctg a + n;
ctg x = a, x = arcctg a + n
_

_
n Z.
38. arcsin x + arccos x =

2
, |x| 1.
39. arctg x + arcctg x =

2
.
Formule trigonometrice 3
40. arcsec x + arccosec x =

2
, |x| 1.
41. sin(arcsin x) = x, x [1; +1].
42. arcsin(sin x) = x, x
_

2
;

2
_
.
43. cos(arccos x) = x, x [1; +1].
44. arccos(cos x) = x, x [0; ].
45. tg(arctg x) = x, x R.
46. arctg(tg x) = x, x
_

2
;

2
_
.
47. ctg(arcctg x) = x, x R.
48. arcctg(ctg x) = x, x (0; ).
49. arcsin x = arccos

1 x
2
= arctg
x

1 x
2
= arcctg

1 x
2
x
, 0 < x < 1.
50. arccos x = arcsin

1 x
2
= arctg

1 x
2
x
= arcctg
x

1 x
2
, 0 < x < 1.
51. arctg x = arcsin
x

1 + x
2
= arccos
1

1 + x
2
= arcctg
1
x
, 0 < x < +.
52. arcctg x = arcsin
1

1 + x
2
= arccos
x

1 + x
2
= arctg
1
x
, 0 < x < +.
53. arcsin x+arcsin y =
_

_
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
+ y

1 x
2
), daca xy 0 sau x
2
+ y
2
1;
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
+ y

1 x
2
), daca x > 0, y > 0 si x
2
+ y
2
> 1;
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
+ y

1 x
2
), daca x < 0, y < 0 si x
2
+ y
2
> 1.
54. arcsin xarcsin y =
_

_
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
y

1 x
2
), daca xy 0 sau x
2
+ y
2
1;
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
y

1 x
2
), daca x > 0, y < 0 si x
2
+ y
2
> 1;
arcsin(x
_
1 y
2
y

1 x
2
), daca x < 0, y > 0 si x
2
+ y
2
> 1.
55. arccos x + arccos y =
_
arccos(xy
_
(1 x
2
)(1 y
2
)), daca x + y 0;
2 arccos(xy
_
(1 x
2
)(1 y
2
)), daca x + y < 0.
56. arccos x arccos y =
_
arccos(xy +
_
(1 x
2
)(1 y
2
)), daca x y;
arccos(xy +
_
(1 x
2
)(1 y
2
)), daca x < y.
57. arctg x + arctg y =
_

_
arctg
x + y
1 xy
, daca xy < 1;
+ arctg
x + y
1 xy
, daca x > 0 si xy > 1;
+ arctg
x + y
1 xy
, daca x < 0 si xy > 1.
Formule trigonometrice 4
58. arctg x arctg y =
_

_
arctg
x y
1 + xy
, daca xy > 1;
+ arctg
x y
1 + xy
, daca x > 0 si xy < 1;
+ arctg
x y
1 + xy
, daca x < 0 si xy < 1.
59. 2 arcsin x =
_

_
arcsin(2x

1 x
2
), daca |x|

2
2
;
arcsin(2x

1 x
2
), daca

2
2
< x 1;
arcsin(2x

1 x
2
), daca 1 x <

2
2
.
60. 2 arccos x =
_
arccos(2x
2
1) cand 0 x 1;
2 arccos(2x
2
1) cand 1 x < 0.
61. 2 arctg x =
_

_
arctg
2x
1 x
2
, daca |x| < 1;
+ arctg
2x
1 x
2
, daca x > 1;
+ arctg
2x
1 x
2
, daca x < 1.
62.
1
2
arcsin x =
_

_
arcsin

1 x
2
2
, daca 0 x 1;
arcsin

1 x
2
2
, daca 1 x < 0.
63.
1
2
arccos x = arccos
_
1 + x
2
, daca 1 x 1.
64.
1
2
arctg x =
_

_
arctg

1 + x
2
1
x
, daca x = 0;
0, daca x = 0.