and he looked jaded. to Captain of the 4th Squadron of the Schmolischer . He pulled a letter out of his pocket addressed. his clothes were dusty. with " the all the usual German formalities. dressed like a countryman. who asked his way to the Neue Thor Strasse (New Gate Street). Hauser is both curious and shows on how commonplace and ' unpromising a foundation a myth of European celebrity may rest. afternoon in together in the Unschlittsplatz. and decidedly short of his age . firm step. as from a long tramp. standing talking Monday). but he came then up to them with a quick. outside the Neue Thor (New Gate) of Nuremberg. were hailed by a country lad. o 'V\ One Easter May 1828 (it was an two men. He was a fresh-complexioned boy of seventeen or thereabouts.KASPAR HAUSER THE story of Kaspar It instructive.

" Had he he came from. and said he had been forced to travel day and night. and had to be carried when he could no longer walk. it was the first time. " ever been in Nuremberg before ? No. Neue Thor Strasse." One of the men. Here Weichmann and he parted company. They sat him down The together on a stone bench in the stables. As they passed through the Neue Thor.2 KASPAR HAUSER Regiment. and received directions where to take it. " wrote down his name. again produced his letter. Nuremberg. and asked where he came from. the He either gave or Captain was not at home. The groom compassionately offered him meat . "I must not say. groom remarked he looked tired and dusty. He wanted to know whether the Neue Thor had He was asked where been only just built. appearance Weichmann judged him to be a groom or stable boy. Kaspar Hauser." He his spoke the Low Bavarian dialect. and they had a little talk together as they went. he reached the Captain's house. He replied. as he was himself going in that direction." and the When groom who opened the door allowed to await his master's return. offered to take him part of the way. " From Ratisbon. he pulled off and from his hat to the corporal on guard. a shoemaker named Weich- mann." then burst into tears.

" There were five like those where I came from. I asked her no questions. good Christian . saying. His mother asked me to bring up the boy. but he can't you. nor have I given notice to the county I police that I had taken the boy.KASPAR HAUSER and beer. but 3 he would touch nothing but bread and water. . fast The follows : Captain letter opened the came home. so no one knows where he has been brought up. and he himself does not know the have never let him up as a have brought and since 1812! I name of my him house. I have enough to do to get on at all." He also mentioned that he cross the frontier every day in to school. When shown the horses. him go a step away from the house. he fondled and stroked them. thought I to serve his this lad ought to take him as my son. he had brought. I have taught to read and to write he can write as well . 1812. fell had to going he coiled himself up in the straw and asleep. At last. thoroughly tired out. and read as in due time " Honoured Sir I send you a lad . you may ask him. I am a poor daylabourer with ten children of my own . nor of the place tell . who wishes was brought to King truly me on October 7.

my leave. my I he has not a single kreuzer" (the smallest German coin) "by him. off my hands. you may question him. " I have only taken him as far as Neumarkt I . but apparently with the same ink is : " 1 The boy is baptized this . and he can do it. otherwise he " Honoured Sir. I . not named. respectfully take name.4 as myself. must knock him on the head or hang him up. he had parents (which he has not). away his in the middle of the night brought him he can't find don't give way " I back." " From the Bavarian frontier Dated. only show him a thing. "And place Enclosed was another letter. but I he don't know where live. his name Kaspar . have told him see that when he is a soldier is I may come and him. like his father. he would have been a scholar . KASPAR HAUSER When we he says a ask him what he would If soldier. . you nothing myself. 1 like to be. as I might be punished. written in Latin characters." . from there he went on by himself. for I have If you won't keep him. The handwriting of letter was almost exactly similar to Kaspar's.

after three hours' detention. and lodged in a cell Had surely a very harsh measure. send him to (trooper). he would never have been locked up. though evidently very tired. he added. From thence he was. always to and take off my hat. to the 6th Schmolische : Nuremberg that is Regiment where his father was. The Captain evidently did not fancy this mysterious and diminutive recruit. I may prison note that. and sent him to the police-station as a runaway. His father was a Schmolischer When he is seventeen. I beg you to He was born bring him up till he is seventeen. He did not like the tone of the letter.KASPAR MAUSER his other 5 to bring name you must give him. nor tell where he came from. I ask you him up. I can't Captain then questioned the boy. transferred to the Castle. who " foster-father bade me say. honour . he was able to walk from one place to the other alto- ." He say your honour. or probably heard of again. girl . he been in England." . The My repeated over and over again that he wanted to be a trooper as his father had been. on April 30. " I don't know. then pulling off your " He told me I was his hat. I am a poor keep the boy his father is dead. 1812. but would give no further account of himself. only answered.

nor was their disappearance ever accounted for. and scarcely nation. but they contained only a rosary. By this time the lad and would hardly open was heartily frightened. and the warder in charge was not long in discovering that he was 1 This account is derived from the official depositions taken by the police. a prayer-book.) "Any one who reads the Nuremberg archives would take Kaspar Hauser to be an impostor " and once father. ! . President von Feuerbach. declares he able to stand upright. But he kept his eyes and ears well open. they actually had disappeared in 1883. " They ought to be burnt. His pockets were searched. He more than once said to my added emphatically. though he wrote desired to down his name when do so. p. his lips. and some pretended not to understand the questions put to him.6 KASPAR HAUSER and climb the gether a considerable distance as well as a flight of ninety-two steep Castlehill. which were suppressed by Feuerbach as wholly misleading." Strange to say. a worn-out key. (See Appendix. 1 Yet steps to his cell in the Vestner Thurm. the eloquent treatise that set all Germany ablaze with indig- was found in the street tottering and reeling like a drunken man. and appeared so impenetrably dense and stupid that Feuerbach described his condition as different little religious tracts and leaflets. He from that of an animal. in his History of a Crime against a Human Soul. 91.

often from a great distance. as he . No doubt the strange story he told was in part suggested to him. but men of science and men of letters. though timid. and at last . speedily developed into a popular romance. prisoned in the Castle. "it resembled a miracle-working shrine. 7 Meanwhile his story spread like wildfire in the town.KASPAR MAUSER remarkably sharp-witted. to toys examine and talk him over." and no place of pilgrimage was ever more zealously frequented. as People flocked to see one of the officers of the June gendarmerie. They discussed him in his presence with perfect unreserve. grave doctors and learned professors not to speak of crowds of ladies bringing him came. and. His first paroxysm of little fear (when he came to the Castle he shrank back in terror even from the warder's two-year-old boy) soon subhe always remained excessively sided. embellished with some additions and improvements. A wild. By degrees his shyness wore off. he began to talk . Not only the idle and curious. man was said to be im- him local in his cell till. Major Hickel. was not supposed to comprehend what passed and he heard all kinds of fanciful surmises and theories as to his origin and past life. or half-wild. to answer questions . writes on 1 8.

he found a pitcher of water and a loaf of rye He was often thirsty. come Sometimes feel it tasted strangely. and no sound of any kind ever Each morning. and it was taken hold of. but leant back on a truss of straw when he slept. with a piece of paper upon it . and. an arm was stretched out over his shoulder. and " I never looked round guided over the paper. when he had emptied his pitcher. as it was always twilight. He reached his saw no one. . There were two small windows. used to watch to see whether the water would he had no idea how it was again. but they were feet long. when he woke. and bread by his side. both boarded up . as brought there. Nor did he ever feel either hot or cold.8 KASPAR HAUSER unfold the marvellous tale All his that to made so extraordinary a sensation. : had been spent in a cell wide. he never knew the difference between day and night. and dressing ribbons. a stool was placed across his knees. He them up with One day. 6 or 7 4 feet and always in a sitting posture the only change in which was that when awake he sat upright. life. he said. ear. and made him sleepy. and 5 feet high . wooden his horses and a time in had toys to play with two wooden dog and spent rolling them about. a pencil put into his hand.

pencil. of course without his When away. but the stool. that he learned to write his name. according the first time in his life to his own account. Then. as my father is." " I want to be a trooper. This was placed on his knees. pointing . and brought a little book the same prayer-book that was found in his pocket. he in the was I sentences " In the big village. my father was " which he repeated by understanding them.KASPAR HAUSER to see I ? 9 whom the arm belonged to. About three days afterwards (as far as he could judge) the man came again. and. Thus it was persevered till he had succeeded. and paper left behind. taught two as the man came and went same fashion. Why should I had no conception of any other creature beside myself/' This was repeated seven or eight times . rote. the arm was then withdrawn. learnt. where shall get a fine horse. and his hand laid upon it then. lesson was began the man went and he . He tried to copy the letters he had been made to pleased with this new occupation. the man kept on " the word " Ross repeating (horse) till he had learned to say it after him. noiselessly. trace. I should observe that. to one of the wooden horses. this was he had ever heard a sound of any kind.

" The last time the man came. to walk. checked by . again dropped and again awoke to find himself lying on asleep. and carried up a steep incline (staircase) into man the open air. But the pain and fatigue were very great. did he understand Then he was what the man said to him?) : again lifted up and carried . which hurt him very much. or you shall not get that horse thereupon obeyed. and quite dark. and showed him how to walk. holding him under the arms. in front of the man. he was hoisted up on the man's shoulders. It was night-time. he was lifted up on his feet. like a parrot. This was repeated over and over There were the same painful attempts again. and gave him a smart blow with a stick. not knowand only able to repeat a few ing any language. His clothes had been changed while he slept . the ground. " Leave off crying at " and he . the same floods of tears. who. The man said impatiently. making so that the much noise returned. (Query How.io KASPAR HAUSER playing with his toys. a pair of boots were now brought and put on . it was to take him away. words by rote. I was always quiet. and fell asleep at once. and he cried bitterly. and placed awoke. He was laid down on the When he ground. pushed forwards his legs with his own. once. " After that.

and he scarcely took note where they went. under his cheek. his memory " as he went the man " always adding also said. n rest and then the same " soft on the something ground. I will come and fetch you again. but the man. or crossed a stream. though sunshine at first and fresh The only six steps at a time. stood behind him. he himself computed it had lasted a day and a night. the letter letter hands. with the words. Some- times he attempted to look about him . The two sentences he had learned were again and again impressed on along. " belongs . He suddenly vanished found himself alone in the man . supported by the man's arm." He When you are a trooper. They never travelled on a beaten track. His clothes were once more changed . never went up or down hill.KASPAR HAUSER the same threat with " . then the man instantly desired him to hold his head down. Finally. as he only took food once . air together dazzled and bewildered him. Mind this well. like your father. This pillow was evidently a comfort. By degrees he began to walk alone. even while dressing him. and the " was put into his Go there where the from his side. impressively." The journey cannot have been a long one. so that he might not see his face. but generally on soft sand . as its mention is never omitted.

though I must premise that he was never once examined on oath. story it is every sense of the word. That a lad who had spent his life on the floor could have been able to sitting stand on his feet at all. word for word. a marvellous and yet. is not more believe impossible than that he could have been taught to write and speak. It in is. November 1828 . Even those who gave him full credit for honesty and integrity that his undeveloped mind and dates. Feuerbach attempted to explain this by sup- . not even thunder? yet he expressed great terror at the first thunderstorm he witnessed in the Castle. Nuremberg He helpless . in . the narrative that was written down by Kaspar Hauser. in perceived was quite dazed and fact. is. that he had entered the town. seen it at all. is it should ever have reached him in his must have believed had confused times credible that no sound cell. or.12 KASPAR HAUSER at street having never. but some one kindly came and took him and his letter. the chief marvel of how any one should have been found able to it. still less to have learned to walk within twenty-four hours. to my mind. till then. in two lessons. Again. if only a few words. and repeated by him before a specially appointed charge of This Commission of the magistrates of Nuremberg.



posing him to be so taken up with his toys that

This was, as my father said, comparing him to Archimedes, absorbed in the solution of a problem. Kaspar himself, when pressed, even by partial friends,
he could attend to nothing

to explain any discrepancies or improbabilities in his statements, used to declare such cross-

questioning made his head ache " I never said it." asserted,


or else boldly

however, remains undoubted that the story, such as it was, was very generally accepted, and produced an almost unprecedented


impression. It appealed irresistibly to the imagination and the feelings of the hearers ; and,

spreading far and wide through the country, aroused a perfect fever of sympathy and indignation. Many corroborative circumstances were
discovered and announced.

Kaspar's eyes could

not bear the light




he had to be led up and ; the soles of his feet were as soft


and tender

as a child's


(this the

warder con-

tradicted, declaring he suffered only

from tight

boots) (see p. 101), etc.

All adverse evidence

This was certainly not the case on his first arrival ; the evidence of Police -Corporal Wust, p. 99) nor does it agree with that of the warder, who states that, on the second day of his imprisonment, he, in his childish wonder and ignorance, thrust his finger into the flame of a splinter of burning wood.




was discarded

at his first

whom Kaspar had were bullied and discoming the guide who had led him to the



Neue Thor, he
sent to





brought face to face with him. Doctors were examine him, and pronounced him a an " animal-man," who psychological curiosity

had been evidently shut out from all communion with his kind, whose faculties were dormant, His but whose senses were morbidly acute.


were so sensitive that every sound pained ; though fond of music, he suffered

greatly from pianoforte-playing; and he could not hear the regimental band without being

two days afterwards. A trumpet-call him into a violent perspiration. He threw


by day, but could not endure the light of the sun, and had to wear a shade out of doors, and keep the window -curtains always drawn in his room. His sense of smell was extraordinary the scent
could see
in the
as well as


of the leaves of a walnut tree in a neighbouring garden gave him the headache, and that of all
flowers, especially




agreeable the cemetery at Nuremberg, he perceived, even at the distance of several hundred yards, a smell
so overpowering, that



Once, when approaching

almost threw him into



was a malconforno means peculiar to by himself which was adduced as a proof that he must always have sat with his legs stretched out before him. Yet, on his arrival, he had coiled


mation of the knees *

himself up in the straw (see p. 3), and, according to the Castle warder, was in the habit not only of sleeping with his feet drawn up, but

of tucking them under him, like a tailor, when he sat (see p. 101). They found old scars



head and

had, at

proving that the poor boy some time or other, been cruelly mallegs,

but these are not commented upon in One more recent hurt in the arm their report.
had, Kaspar
his cell.

explained, been caused by "the " smart blow with the stick he had received in

His body was

well nourished, but



he had lived on bread and water


many weeks any other kind of food made him sick, and it was not till the following October
that he was
able to touch meat. 2



learned to like either wine or beer.
patella, or knee-pan, which, in most cases, when extended shows a slight projection, in his case lay in a hollow ; so that, when he sat on the ground with his leg stretched out before him, the knee-joint rested on the floor. Not even a card, it was said, could be inserted under it. 2 According to Dr. Eckart, an army surgeon, this is a not altogether uncommon experience with recruits from


the leg

the poorer districts of Bavaria.

and he learned whatever he was taught well and quickly. he was surrounded of admirers. while the genealogy of every reigning house in Germany was discussed and dissected in his presence. His education had already been undertaken in the Castle.1 6 KASPAR HAUSER All this time the police had been very busy searching and inquiring in every direction for any boy answering Kaspar's description that had been But they scoured the missing from his home. afternoons. with the view of . though never afterwards with quite the same marvellous and rather suspicious facility he had But Professor writing. allowed to go out and see his however. No such country in vain for any trace of one. He society. No one came forward to claim him . and attend assemblies in the evenings. to drive with ladies on the summer none should be admitted in future. an annual sum of 300 florins was voted for his maintenance and education. and it was decreed that He was. boy was lost or known of. freely friends . by a circle became the idol of Nuremberg Wherever he went. shown in reading and that Daumer found the constant influx of visitors seriously interfered with his lessons . and he was placed under the charge of Professor Daumer. and in July 1828 he was formally adopted by the town of Nuremberg .

71. under suspicious circumstances.) One wonder that. but three "well-defined and . the boy's head should have been turned. Nor were " it the great nobles of the door was knocked at land neglected. was plainly perceptible to Kasamusing. very The millionth part of the infusion of medicine. His tutor. accepted the part assigned to He him. and tried various homoeopathic ex- The periments on Kaspar. as it was now alleged. who proved an admirable Some of the results he published are subject. An accidental resem- blance he bore to a daughter of the Grand Duchess Stephanie of Baden led to the persistent belief that he was one of the two sons she had lost in their infancy. 45. gift of readily adapting himself to his surroundings. " where Every was hoped he might gain admittance. by its smell . was delighted with him. etc. and not one smell only. too. and enacted the prince in disguise with He had the facile success and complacency. par even at some distance. dissolved in a slightest glass of water. and never seemed at a loss under any circum- stances. flattered and caressed as he was. knew how to conciliate and please them. cannot (See pp. and.KASPAR HAUSER affiliating 17 him to one of them. Professor was a zealous disciple of Hahnemann.

when a man carrying a bag of money occasion." The mere spirituous. He creating a discerned a pocket felt the mirror. and the of a silver spoon brought on such violent tremblings that he was scarcely able to use raise mouth.1 8 KASPAR HAUSER the first sweet. Iron attracted him . diamonds. came into the room in which he was. his feet were distinctly dragged in an opposite direction. the second the third " indescribable. he was being taught to him in his seat. and Daumer compasOn one sionately bought him a wooden one. . him. by the But when he wore spurs. and wipe the it to his sweat off his brow in an adjoining one. while stirrups. at a upon him. and . Silver spurs acted more powerfully than brass ones . all surprising effect variety of cold blasts. the plishments. touch of a closed medicine glass cured any genuine" smells and affected him for months while he became intoxicated from together Then he had swallowing a single grape! external hurt. of which the back was turned towards paces . quicksilver. he had to leave it in great perturbation. magnetic qualities. the distance of nine sulphur on a match at the distance of two. Gold. he declared that in riding iron in the saddle kept his feet were held fast (among other accomride). and magnets had platina.

The visibly sceptics. and it leaked began out that he was cunning and untruthful. needle forgotten under the tablecover was brought to light by the sensation of chill it caused him. Notwithstanding these marvellous ences. the interest felt in experi- Kaspar Hauser began to flag in the course of the ensuing year. and when searched for was found crouching in a corner of the the forehead. At the usual dinner hour (12 o'clock) he had not made his appearance.KASPAR HAUSER 19 distinguished metals hidden beneath a sheet of A paper by merely holding his finger over them. had been attempted. cellar. His evidence could consequently only be . and had to be held down in his bed. I may note that it was chiefly on Daumer's publication that President von Feuerbach relied in writing his book. slight . in broad daylight. As time went on. faults hitherto unsuspected to be discerned in him . the town was electrified by the news that Kaspar Hauser 's life light of black sheep. and regarded began to hold up their heads. the flood of popular enthusiasm subsided . hitherto rather in in a forlorn the minority. Then suddenly. bleeding from a cut across Happily the wound proved very but he was delirious for forty -eight hours. on October 17. and actually under his tutor's roof.

you will " have to die before you leave Nuremberg The words gave him a shock which he felt in all his limbs. but. his bran new shiny boots. though he scarcely took as much as a fourth part of it. n ! self his first (as " Mother " thought was to go to he used to call Frau Daumer). and hid himself in the cellar. his broad shoulders. this made him so unwell (there spoke Daumer's It was disciple) that he went home at once. How had this man made his way into the . and lemon-coloured kid height. who aimed a blow at him with a heavy woodman's knife. He described the man accurately . but in his hurry and terror he mistook the way.20 KASPAR HAUSER taken on the I9th. his dark clothes. turned down instead of upstairs. he was suddenly confronted by a man with a black handkerchief drawn across his face. his gloves. while there. who gave him a walnut to eat . Preu. that. He deposed that he had been oppressed by forebodings for several pre- On the morning of the iyth he had gone first to the market with Fraulein Kathi (Daumer) and then to Dr. crying. " After all. for he recognised the voice of the man who had brought him to the town. When he came to himvious days. between in the closet. and 12 o'clock. He then lost consciousness.

to whom washerwoman had given a penny.KASPAR HAUSER house? 21 There could be no question of the complicity of servants. but he had disappeared as been heard such person had been seen or leaving the town by the entering soldiers on duty at any of the gates. had any one met him. Another saw a man washing his hands in a street trough hard by. for the Daumers kept none. trace the murderer. The matter was vigorously taken up by the and nothing that it was possible to do was left undone. either in Nuremberg or in the neighbourhood. and the consternation was very Every imaginable effort was made to great. nor. eleven leave the house at a quarter past but this proved to be a beggar. Kaspar (but no one else) heard the door-bell ring. though if by magic. but his appearance in no a charitable wise corresponded with that of the well-dressed individual in shiny black boots and lemon kid gloves. The house door. Such an audacious attempt had never before of. . generally fastened. very slightly. The town was subjected authorities. might by chance have been left ajar. and called out to Kathi to go to the door. No either he must have passed through the streets at midOne woman had day. seen a man .

Yet nothing whatever was brought to all When baffled his efforts proved fruitless. or possible hiding-place to be searched. his as Kaspar described have inflicted only so insignificant a wound ? and would the murderer. and notices to be posted up at every police-station in the king- dom. when all the inmates would assemble. when he saw his victim fall fainting at his feet. and ring at the door for admission? seen Was it possible that. a circuit of twenty-five miles round he caused every inn. outlying building. would choose such a time and place for an assassination? would come into an in- habited house. barn. agonised appearance could have been so exactly noted. from the bulging of the forefinger of his glove ! 1 a ring . the Major began to ask himself whether such a person as this invisible criminal really existed ? Was it likely that any man. have forKaspar actually told my father that he had perceived on the man's hand. mill. light. the roads to be strictly patrolled. not altogether out of his senses.22 KASPAR HAUSER vision to the most rigid scrutiny and vigilant superand Major Hickel tells us that within . shortly before the dinner hour. stable. even to his shiny boots and lemon kid gloves ? l Would such a formidable weapon only for one brief and moment.

have sought to stimulate the flagging interest of the public by a new and romantic incident? This theory gained considerable credence in the town . From that time forward he was watched and guarded by two police soldiers . lies believing that a timorous youth. A . who "trembled like a leaf" on the slightest provocation. they had had a very bitter friend had informed the Professor quarrel. as a bitterly feeling his position dethroned hero.KASPAR HAUSER 23 ? borne to deal a second more decisive blow Might not Kaspar. and that a highly regrettable tendency to untruthfulness and dissimulation had manifested itself. or." On the very morning of the day that Kaspar received his wound. Kaspar Hauser's nature had lost much of its original purity. He certainly was no coward on horseback. been as timid as But he may not have he appeared. Professor Daumer now asked to be relieved He had discovered that his pupil of his charge. was a confirmed liar . and when viewed by the light of after events. should have mustered courage to cut in himself with a knife. as he himself expressed " that it in a subsequent letter. and till May a period of seventeen months never 1831 once left the house without their attendance. must certainly be The only difficulty accepted as the true one.

24 that he


had seen the lad gallivanting outside the town, when he ought to have been busy with a lesson he had been sent out to take. He was
taxed with

and obstinately denied it, even that the Professor might inquire boldly declaring

whether he did not speak the truth. The Professor did inquire, and discovered that not
only on that day, but during the whole of the week, Kaspar had absented himself from his

Daumer was excessively angry, for it was by no means the first time he had found himself deceived. He lectured his pupil most

severely, represented to

language then turned his back upon him, and sent him word through Frau Daumer that a liar must be

him in the strongest the evil consequences of deceit ;

treated with contempt and never noticed, and that he himself should take measures to get rid

of him.



Shortly after this he left the house, and return found Kaspar wounded and

von Tucher, who had always taken a warm interest in the youth, was now appointed his guardian, and he was placed in the house of a Nuremberg trader named Biberbach, whose sympathy took the practical form of receiving him without payment. But here he only remained a few months. Biberbach and his wife

bleeding. Freiherr

were soon disgusted with their charge.




Frau Biberbach, hours," many "what anguish and annoyance, Hauser caused us by his terrible untruthfulness, no official report

has ever

made known.

After each painful scene

of exposure, he used to promise amendment, and was always forgiven and taken back to our hearts



but the lying


could not be


and Hauser became more and more Nor did he always profess penitence. deceitful."

" a Once, when taxed with cunningly contrived lie," he suddenly became violent, struck the table

with his clenched fists, and passionately cried, " " Then I would rather not This time live

he had shirked

his Latin lesson,

and been over-

whelmingly and completely convicted of falseHerr Biberbach, for his part, was full of

He told Kaspar, that after such misconduct he would not be allowed to go and dine

he generally did on that and that he was not to leave day every week, his room until further notice. But scarcely had Biberbach himself gone away, than the two
at the Burgomaster's, as

police soldiers appointed to guard Kaspar heard a shot fired in his room, and, rushing in, found

lying on the floor senseless and bleeding, with the discharged pistol by his side. One of


them hurried

off to






announced that



tempted to destroy himself. Meanwhile, however, Kaspar had recovered his consciousness,

and explained that it was only an accident. Some shelves had been fixed high up on the wall of his room, and under them hung a brace of

" for his better security." kept loaded On the topmost shelf were some books ; and Kaspar had mounted a chair to reach down one

of them, when the chair suddenly slipped from under him. He stretched out his hands to save

and inadvertently clutched hold of one of the pistols, detached it from the wall, and The bullet accidentally discharged it as he fell.

He had fortunately only grazed his temple. had been practising at a mark with these pistols
during the autumn, but now begged they might be taken away, and never brought back to his

not surprising to hear " that Herr Biberbach's urgent private affairs

After this scene,



prevented him from retaining Kaspar Hauser any longer under his roof."

von Tucher now took him
where he remained

into his



eighteen guardian's report is on the whole a favourable, and, from the point of view taken, a very sensible one. He found Kaspar amiable,



One writer advocated a general subscription on behalf. that Kaspar had come to Nuremberg the " half- and attention he had few months. It was at this time (in 1830) that the first of the twenty -five pamphlets treating of the " " remarkable made its Nuremberg foundling and the rest followed in rapid appearance . and extremely inHe instances the power he had of those skill insinuating himself with please. This called forth a host of controversial champions . duplicity. Berlin police director) suggested that he (a might be a truant school-boy. but it was his . succession. who had read sensational stories. and proposed to Another appeal to every country in Europe. telligent. He believed that the evil germ of a " most " regrettable moral corruption had been implanted " and his " wonderful by the foolish adulation received during the first his inordinate vanity. and conscientiously set to work to cure him of the faults he had unhappily acquired. he wished to and adroitness in discerning and making use of their foibles. 27 anxious to learn. and dissimulation were quite foreign to the simplicity of his was firmly persuaded original character. and that He animal" child of nature described.KASPAR HAUSER tractable. and run away from his friends to become a cavalry soldier.

at Nuremberg. and expressed a wish to see He Kaspar at : but at that time all visitors were rigidly excluded. When. met the lad at the house of the Burgomaster. and was singularly attracted sation. Shortly after the attempt of October 17. in May 1831. tne author was troubled with doubts as to Kaspar's credibility. he renewed his request. "After all. No him constantly . used to take him out driving. who knows but Feuerbach " ? may have written a romance in his old age . 66not My father (Lord Stanhope) first made Kaspar Hauser's acquaintance in the spring of the preceding year. the greatest interest. and He saw he completely won my father's heart. by his manner and conver- one could be more winning than Kaspar when he exerted himself to please . 1829. by an accident to his and found every tongue busy with the mysterious foundling who had so narrowly heard the story with escaped assassination.28 KASPAR HAUSER till 1832 that President von Feuerbach published his History of a Crime against a Human Soul that moved all hearts by its pathos and 1 To some of the later pamphlets I eloquence. shall have occasion presently to refer (see pp. and said to a friend. he had been detained for some days carriage. 1 Yet. even before his death in 1833. he was again Nuremberg.

His had suffered heart yearned towards any fellow-creature who either oppression or injustice . his mind then resembled that of a very young could scarcely be held accountable for an incoherent and incomplete narrative. most had been the work of some one whose probably. He was surprised that no reward had been offered to obtain information. and that this. who issued the proclamation . he neglected persuaded himself that Kaspar was a despoiled and defrauded heir. characteristically requesting that his trates name might not appear. and he fully believed that a great wrong had been done in this case. however. In fact. and grossly and misused. Of the child. interest it was to get rid of him. kept for in confinement. he himself of its inconsistencies and improbabilities . He years he was. who truth of its main convinced. again. the lad's faculties being dormant. Here. Kaspar instinctively found and touched the right chord my father's quickly aroused sympathy and tender compassion.KASPAR HAUSER 29 and became more and more interested in him. but he accepted the doctors' dictum that. entirely believed that Kaspar had been facts. Of course he did not credit the story exactly as pointed out some it had been told . and generously presented a sum of 500 florins for this purpose. The magisworded it.

it would have been extraordinary that no neighbour or school-fellow should ever have come forward to claim this money. but that he had declared. and offered him money not to divulge it . as my father conjectured. threatened him. and to at the At all events. In addition to this my father defrayed the expenses of a journey to Hungary. Otherwise. a governess resident at Pressburg. in the presence of the . at Pesth. when he Hauser. more in the form of a demand for the denunciation of some unknown criminals than an inquiry. it never was end of two my father's directions.30 KASPAR HAUSER however. having discovered that he knew their secret. claimed. denounced a Protestant clergyman named Wirth. was tutor in the family of Countess Maytheny. who had been a Protestant clergyman. resident In in Upper Austria. one Miiller. even though he had lived. and Anna Dalbonn. in some secluded and out-of-the-way village beyond the Austrian frontier. seems that a statement made the year l had led to before by a Roman Catholic priest It 1 1830. which it was thought desirable that Kaspar should undertake. as cognisant of the incarceration of Kaspar He stated that four or five years before. years. gift. of appearing connected with a crime. these two persons. and he always believed that this caused people to hang back who might else have They were naturally afraid given information. according reverted to Kaspar Hauser himself. and was then a Roman Catholic priest.

Poor Anna Dalbonn had fallen under suspicion. Nor did the matter end there as regarded the Countess herself . to be allowed to go there . and he was accordingly tested with some Polish and Hungarian words. once spread. and it was implored fondly hoped that his memory might reawaken among the scenes in which his childhood had been spent. and found her occupaShe petitioned the Emperor for an official tion gone. Some. and It declared they had never even heard the name of Wirth. that he would have nothing to do with them. and bitterly hated his former clerical brother. . succeeded in finding her a home. and even thought he had heard some one say that He earnestly his father was at Posonbya. dies very hard. but. Above all. He was accordingly conducted to Countess. But a calumny. to whom he attributed his dismissal by the Countess. several of which he recognised. summoned before a Hungarian tribunal. sank into such deep poverty that she was nearly crazed before her former employer. floods of tears. that he remembered it well. the name Posonbya (Pressburg) threw him almost into convulsions he declared. for in the following year Kaspar Hauser actually recognised her of his long-lost mother (See p.KASPAR HAUSER 31 the inference that he was a Hungarian. with . 38. nevertheless. he had heard from his nurse from the these were generally oaths others man who had brought him to Nuremberg. came out that Miiller had sought to revenge himself on the governess. Countess Palffy.) ! name as that . The Countess and the governess. he said. both indignantly denied this story. recognition of her innocence. which she obtained.

He and Von Tucher agreed never to mention his name to After a time each other while he was asleep. Hickel had a brilliant idea. even with this. on referring to the it was found that the Esterhazy in catalogue. But. the bad habit left him. it was felt. and his thoughtful guardian provided a box filled with coriander. and announced he had seen the original of one of the portraits. that were to be resemble a trance. often suddenly distortions and grimaces. The Major this journey. it was only by persistent tickling that his comAt last panions managed to keep him awake. but he recognised nothing and nobody.32 KASPAR HAUSER Pressburg by Von Tucher and Major Hickel . shown the Esterhazy picture gallery at Vienna. as to But. question had died in 1646. and could not make out a single word of the The sudden appearance of the cholera language. be most inconvenient on a journey undertaken for purposes of observation. On his way back. impossible to rouse him. quite his sleep. he was cut short their stay. and aniseed. eaten as a preventative. painful and accompanied by was so profound from which it was This would. relates one ridiculous incident of noted Kaspar's asleep Von Tucher had of dropping off singular habit . fennel. and it was observed that .

that Kaspar deceived understanding. though a man in years (Kaspar was twenty). Herr von Tucher complained probably not without reason that his pupil was being spoiled. and had become fractious. My father's strange to say picious journey. unsettled. him. on account that of his father He my must ended by declaring take charge of Kaspar altogether. as full and Kaspar. This letter. telling him that his kindness had fostered Kaspar's extraordinary vanity and self-conceit. and done much harm.KASPAR HAUSER 33 he never once dropped asleep during the journey home." wonder- D . or else cease to see him . professed the most unbounded gratitude and devotion. great interest in Kaspar was nowise lessened by this inaus- He was again at Nuremberg in of sympathy and kindness as September. though he was once detected listening at the door. and discontented. he was a boy of ten or twelve in Further. on his part. ever. wrote a very explicit letter to my father. though full of " rare " praises of his goodness of heart. and either Biberbach's). and had been twice kicked out of respectable houses (Daumer's lies. whereas. and that he had been He highly injudicious in treating him as a grown-up person. in which latter case only would he consent to remain his guardian.

complained " wanted to make bitterly of his guardian. if was made to feel himself the not the last friend left to Kaspar in his pressing need . it appears. they requested him to appeal to the generosity of the king on their behalf.000 a year. taking up the cue. as the municipality had. the Nuremberg florins authorities." My best. an ex- of the wealth of our aristocracy. u This " is Earl. but alted idea that is by no means father a large fortune for a peer of Great Britain. who a bookbinder of him against his will. think that all. most certainly the only friend able and willing to take charge of him . reported to possess an income of ^20. voluntarily undertaken to provide for the education and maintenance of Kaspar Hauser. announced that they would no longer pay the by general consent. Kaspar. now 300 I 1 they had allowed him." annoyed my father very much." Finally. Had not an English noble a fancy to a rich English noble taken him ? They had. and expressed surprise at The Government this petition." writes Von Tucher. . They had already made an attempt to rid themselves of this obligation. and. too.34 ful kindness KASPAR HAUSER " and " noble liberality. when Von Tucher was appointed guardian. and have the 1 refused. payment transferred to the State. In January 1830. looked forward with hope to seeing their unwelcome charge taken off their hands. in July 1828.

I did not then teachable.KASPAR HAUSER moved has 35 he in an to compassion by his forlorn condition. was understood that the was to follow some profession. nor had he. ance. Meyer. and engaged to furnish him with the means of subsistence by was to appoint any guardian or tutor he might select. as a young man needing help. at least once his will. evil hour consented. did not." Un- . and grateful to me. for whom I had a sincere liking. I therefore took him under my protection. for his personal safety. as He averred. up to that time. that Dr. "You well know I did not wish to have Kaspar Hauser made over to curiosity/ but I found his to keep him. the town of guardian unwilling Nuremberg disinclined to continue his allowas a me c and heard he was to be apprenticed to an artisan in the spring. and report. education. ever shown himself in an unfavourable light. formally adopt but he made himself answerable Kaspar Hauser. hereafter to be In one of his subsequent letters to determined. He a year. believe him circumstances to be as untrustworthy as various have since convinced me that he was . my father says. and mainten- been sometimes ance as long as he himself lived. upon Kaspar' s education It to the appointed latter authorities. and who had always shown himself affectionate.

and that it was heavily visited upon him . The one exception to the general satisfaction was Freiherr von Tucher. believing father judiced. for every one's object had been gained." Troubles and worries were set at rest.36 KASPAR HAUSER him had to be strongly pre- fortunately. 1831. surely. a school-teacher at Ansbach. and the opinion expressed both by my father and Von Feuerbach. that he had misunderstood and mismanaged him. He had rigidly and conscientiously endeavoured to do his duty. and in the following month Kaspar was placed under the care of Dr. did an act of disinterested kindness bear more bitter fruit. where my father left to England in January him when he returned 1832. now Lieutenant . Hickel. Major. He had previously thrown up his guardianship. and was naturally aggrieved by the angry complaints of his pupil. All was now jubilation and congratulation.Colonel curator. my never taken It Von Tucher's report into account. never. must be for admitted that he made a great mistake. and every one was pleased. Meyer. was appointed and the Burgomaster of Nuremberg . Kaspar Hauser was formally handed over to his new protector on November 26. The King of Bavaria in person wrote to thank my father for his " noble action.

ought to follow. emancipated from Von Tucher and the Latin grammar." he added. a Hungarian noble. and was able to describe it minutely. he saw it in a dream. Ladislaus von Merey. as I will. even to the furniture of the rooms. thoroughly enjoyed his new position. passing through Nuremberg with his son and his . position and even took an intelligent interest in English Nevertheless. try " He his father's castle.KASPAR HAUSER 37 guardian. should have mentioned that among the tests applied to him in 1830 was a catalogue of Hungarian Christian names. he had not discarded politics. indeed. During the preceding month of October. for the life of me I cannot rebut. call it ! frequently told my father that he remembered being called Istan when he was a child. anticipated the brilliant he would occupy in London society. He anxiously looked forward to joining the family England. and "My Lord" by some of circle was called friends. but the latter was replaced for the time by President von Feuerbach. Kaspar. his favourite role I in of a Hungarian magnate. He half fancied himself an English in his fact nobleman by adoption. " Another " name. He had likewise some recollection of Once. and he had at once picked out Istan (Stephen) as his own.

But when he said " " Istan in Hungarian. such as . father. That's what I have been searchyes that's it ! more wildly " Yes cried. hurriedly Yet when sent him home. and. and knew no Slavonic. Kaspar appeared to receive an electric shock . him memory was 1 set down ! to the fearful shock his 1 system had undergone to My father confessed to having been surprised. and also having wondered that a very young child. gesticulating than he had ever done before. my mother ment and agitation almost amounted to frenzy. as if panicJ> " That is His excitestruck. alarmed for the consequences. ! ! ing for so long " ! The name of Bartakowich (Countess Maytheny's maiden name) was then mentioned. he had already forgotten it . (the goes to Szalakusz castle of Countess Maytheny). Kaspar was taken to see him. and this strange lapse of afterwards. and he screamed aloud. He Slavonic. and where the governess Dalbonn at one time lived. a language spoken in a part of the country with which he himself was well ac- had quainted. and became so uncontrollable that the Hun! garian. shortly my as to the name questioned that had caused such violent emotion. wanted to find out whether he understood son's tutor.38 KASPAR HAUSER asked to speak to Kaspar alone. he became fright- fully agitated.

he came to the conclusion that nothing whatever was to be done for Kaspar in Hungary. however. For one thing. If My mayed. My father de- in the district indicated cided that an investigation should be carried on and he asked Colonel . he obtained a three months' leave of absence. should have mother only by her maiden name. father was not only disappointed. forwarded to my father in May definitively to closed all prospects in that quarter. how was known its Kaspar must then have been. if possible. traced Miiller He he met at the house of the Countess P (evidently Palffy). "in order to Accordingly." with great difficulty. been carefully was thought that the key to the enigma had at last been found. in travel. at Earl Stanhope's expense. He was to inquire into Miiller's allegations on the spot. Hickel to accept this delicate mission. and it had. and.KASPAR HAUSER 39 The two names noted. February 1832. see both him and Dalbonn. UNIVERSITY . but disthe whole story was false. The castle of Szalakusz and the Countess Maytheny were easily found. and Madame Dalbonn heard a bad account of him. in Hungary. but after the most searching inquiries and a careful investigation of the family history in all its circumstances. there was no inheritance The report which he dispute.

and that the family in question were justly offended at the imputations on their character these inquiries had implied. and certainly not so willing to learn. that Hickel's mission and its object had become known in the locality. never continuous " What by and he was . as he tells us. greatly distressed on hearing. affectionate his mind Was young man once rapidity as to be depended various upon ? The doubt. than he had expected. besides. 1 showed no aptitude for any profesand trade was not to be thought of now He was afterwards told that this Hungarian noble had since often laughed together over the "startling dramatic entertainment" got up for their benefit by Hauser. the question crossed this plausible. fits He His application was only and " starts.4o KASPAR HAUSER he to account for the thrilling and dramatic 1 at the scene with Hungarian gentleman Nuremberg the first ? What could it be but a consum- mate piece of acting on Kaspar's part? For time. good is this to do me ? sion. entertained. He was. and his He son . Nor were Meyer's reports eminently satis- found Kaspar more backward factory. docile. soon after. developed alarming trifling and hitherto unlittle fibs with heeded incidents and recurred to his memory. too fond of asking.

bore the unmistakable stamp of an evil and vindictive temper. but instantly vanished if he was to be the . when he was reproved or angered. same person and Feuerbach well The described his nature as " chameleon like. mediately about him." which he wore to those imevery-day face. His tend- ency was to be shifty and untruthful. in company. when surprised sitting alone in his own room. and looked years older then changed as if by magic when he saw himself observed. and self-conceit were not surprising. and now received more than ever. him Sometimes. was neutral and commonplace enough. in consideration of the flattering attentions he had been in the habit of receiving. and then again.KASPAR HAUSER 41 that he had been introduced into a different Perhaps he sphere. It could wear whatever expression seemed appropriate to sometimes the candid simplicity the occasion and ignorance of a little child . In a report furnished to the police authorities Meyer gives a curious picture of Kaspar's He was so different at of dissimulation. it was gloomy and morose. sometimes the : : bright intelligence of an appreciative listener . now it beamed with affection and sympathy. powers different times that no one could have believed in 1 8 34. To those he was anxious to . His inordinate vanity might do best as a clerk.

He had a singular power of assimilating himself to his surroundings. but Meyer disliked these lachrymose exhibitions. severely " This must not said. and on his word being taken in the teeth of these continual wrangles could do no possible good.42 KASPAR HAUSER was perfectly charming : no manner could be more insinuating." Yet he was extremely touchy whenever his veracity was in question. " I though. when he began weeping an account of the Deluge. As taxing him with every petty falsehood and ignored all lies. his tears were ever ready to flow . coaxing. please he very soft-hearted . bitterly at and once. and of knowing and doing He was exactly what they expected of him. his lips. that passed except in case of . no words more winning and sympathetic. had become so completely a second nature with him. as Meyer rather plaintively adds read many other more moving passages with : He would never tell the truth. Though he constantly made statements and framed excuses that could easily and demonstrably be proved false. that it was exacting an actual much " pathos." lie To impossibility to require him to give it up. and caressing. he was invariably most indignant insisted all when found out." Nor did it. happen again. Meyer came to the wise conclusion that it was useless to persist in adverse evidence.

" self " die. the young man sought to himself by making mischief between him revenge and the President. He had a wonderful sensible. his would rather die twice repeated. frightens me Can and backbiter! Hauser?" But when his adding. soon after. he was neither unfair nor unkind.' When. and we will inscribe angry Colonel . I ! " Then Kaspar.KASPAR HAUSER actual 43 became After this necessity. favourite asseveration whenever he found him" " retorted the all means disbelieved. Once they had a regular passage-at-arms together. making many friends. became so exasperated by his prevarications that he with difficulty refrained from boxing his ears. of But he took a violent dislike to Colonel Hickel. . and the advice he gave them was always sound. On his return home. "That lad he is a regular intriguer this be our Kaspar personality was not in question. Why. own He was very popular in society. Feuer- away for a bach told him of ! this. during which the Colonel. and well meant. he was Kaspar ' ' By ! few days. equally excited. Hauser. Here lies the deceiver on your tombstone. whose temper appears to have been short. their relations and Kaspar was fit always (with the exception of an occasional sullenness) friendly and civil to his tutor. then. far more comfortable.

at her own request. as soon was made. as the only chance of protecting him from the assaults of murderers. that this gaoler had in reality been his benefactor. He was a shrewd and intensely suspicious observer. propounded by Feuerbach in a pamphlet published nine months before. in spite of all precautions. In September 1833. always and yet manag- ing to cut short any uninteresting or unimportant call. he was. He presented one of his paintings. and begged Her Majesty to proclaim an amnesty for the man that had kept him prisoner. Any plan or arrangement regarding himself as it he knew. and divined motives and foresaw actions with an accuracy that amazed and alarmed Meyer. had apparently not adopted a strange theory. He received his numerous with tact a favourable impression. and showed neither awkwardness nor embarrassment. who stood in the He . According to Feuer bach's conjecture. and had an inconvenient knack of finding out everything that it was wished to keep secret from him. when passing through Nuremberg on his return from a tour in Saxon Switzerland. visitors making and discrimination. presented to the Queen of Bavaria. always judged correctly. Kaspar was the legitimate son of a sovereign House.44 KASPAR HAUSER and read men's minds as insight into character. he would an open book .

to make room for the succession of a wicked uncle. and the " Memoir was dedi1 The House 1 The myth of a suppressed Prince of Baden had already been ventilated in the daily papers. it was promptly discarded as an " of Hamilton (Princess Marie impossibility. but was secretly : baby left in his place. quite true that the Grand-Duchess. it was 1812. together with the ten Court physicians assembled for the of whom two had been present post-mortem examination could have been deceived as to its identity. who. A certain Countess Hochberg was accused of having accomplished this substituand tion in the disguise of the White Lady of Baden Major Hennenhofer was named as her accomplice. House designated was the reigning " of Baden. she told my father she would have liked to translate it into French . was in close attendance. carried off. Kaspar was reported to be the son and heir of the Grand-Duke Charles Louis Frederick and his French wife Stephanie de la Pagerie. and she But if the often questioned him about Kaspar Hauser. I believe. who only lived a fortnight. had he not been rescued by a faithful retainer. at its birth Feuerbach had not ventured to publish any names. really die. with her daughter Amelia. but it is hard to conceive that its father. and 45 would have been long since in his grave. never saw her dead child . It is. She had read and admired Feuerbach's Crime against a Human Soul . born in He did not. the adopted daughter of Napoleon a little prince. who kept him in close confinement to conceal him from his pursuers. who was very ill at the time. and a dying alleged.KASPAR HAUSER way of the next in succession." The Duchess . the next Grand-Duke. . Tt revived again and again. and was said to be credited by the Grand-Duchess herself. idea that this phenomenal being might be her own child ever crossed her mind. and the whole story was first openly promulgated in a pamphlet was published at Stuttgart the year after Kaspar's death. and its grandmother the Margravine.

told King Louis of Bavaria. who questioned him on the subject during his visit to Paris in 1867. I have no opinion of him I have found him both a flatterer and a dissembler. a resident at Ansbach and he selected Herr Hofrath (Court Councillor) . Of Caroline. Meyer. like him. that Stephanie had described it to him as a ." of Baden) wrote in 1872 that her mother had never believed the story . but not. as his representative." President von Feuerbach died of a paralytic stroke on May 28 of the same year (1833) >' father appointed Herr Hofrath (Court Councillor) von Kliiber guardian in his stead. highly distinguished man. Von Kliiber was a well- and my known and his friend." strong presumptions. This gentleman had always taken the liveliest interest in Kaspar's but on a nearer acquaintance did not story ." and Kaspar's " remarkable dreams " own (!). six After giving him daily months. and Napoleon III.46 KASPAR HAUSER : cated to a Princess of Baden Dowager tale . he said to Dr. Like his predecessor. on with that young man." I " can't get . " senseless myth. course he Queen could produce no evidence it in support of this romantic on " coincidence of circumstances. of Bavaria. which together constituted what he is pleased to call a " moral rested only " certainty. Hofmann approve of him instruction for at all.

no wise affect his conduct. secured him an annuity by a codicil to his will. my though doubts had latterly arisen in his mind as to Hauser's former unhappy position. as far as possible. He added that the best be the choice kindness to the young man would of some suitable profession for him. in his reports any mention of his pupil's deceitfulness. that required elucidation Meyer had become Kaspar's so anxious about his in prospects. that he omitted. This announcement was a great relief to concerned. he would provide what was needful for his maintenance and improvement. they would in father wrote to announce that. as we have ungenerous intention. and had already. all My father's letters had been full of doubts and questionings . been revolving in his had no such For a year past he had mind a most painful seen. Even without this. lest my father should be still further prejudiced against him.KASPAR HAUSER 47 On the occasion of Hofrath Hofmann's appointment. in case of his own death. What would liberal become of him if his kind and were to give him up ? patron My father. and in the preceding autumn he had sent the President a list of thirty points story. As before. his heirs would have felt bound by the engagement he had entered into. .

48 KASPAR HAUSER problem the question how far he had been duped and deceived. and gave less and less attention to them nor did he appreciate his position as a clerk. the more he felt it to be impossible and incredible. He hated Hickel. He had hoped for something very different. of casting him adrift. yet he was He was heartily weary profoundly dissatisfied. and bitterly and repeatedly complained that he had not been taken to England. The more he pondered over Kaspar's story. and was sorely chafed by his : dependence upon him. There could be no further uneasiness as to his future. and found affectionate and Never for one moment had he thought grateful. " I can't stand the . and in July he entered the Ansbach Chancellerie as a paid writer. and was willing to hope that his habits of duplicity and dissimulation were contracted through fear of ill that he He even thought it possible that his life been threatened if he ventured to reveal had usage. of his lessons. he was to be a clerk . whom he had taken under his wing. which was securely provided for. where he had been. He was ingenious in excuses for the friendless lad towards finding whom his heart had warmed. but he still believed had been very badly treated. Kaspar's profession was now decided on .

given a better report of you than I ought to have done ? and when the Earl ! man Have I comes. " I had never set eyes on you Through you I ! have perhaps forfeited my character as an honest not. blameless. Kaspar listened and pentance must it all . what will c he say ? ' My father was again at Germany. as usual. wish. here in the amiable. to tell how him can I find ? it in my conscience not the truth What will happen then ? He already. People have found you out. as you well know. Consider the predicament you place me in! Even town you are discredited. Ansbach travelling in for On December 9 (subsequent events fixed the date indelibly on his memory). and fairly driven into a corner. Meyer was very angry "I and spoke very strongly. mistrusts you. from an exaggerated regard for your welfare." he cried. and was expected Christmas. he began to cry promise to lie no more. and rated him severely. " I can't bear being for ever told When the Earl comes. and fenced with his adversary till. and there are few indeed that still see in you the former upright. Meyer had occasion to find great fault with his pupil.KASPAR HAUSER 49 Colonel any longer. good-natured Kaspar Hauser. How " Then end if you go on like this? he preached refor the hundredth time and amendment. Kaspar was." he said.

and got him safely home." ran as hard as could Meyer. and there picked up a silk bag. perceiving his strength was fast failing. as On Saturday. written in pencil. but he was deeply incensed. pointed with theatrical gestures to a wound in his breast. December 14. Kaspar rushed into the room. and legible only in a mirror. and half frenzied. They hurried along in the direction of the Hofgarten (public gardens). and gasped out " Went Hofgarten man had knife bag that gave still bag lying stabbed there. speechless. and. seizing Meyer's arm. "Was it " there ? Kaspar nodded assent. then induced him to turn back. A gendarme bed : was instantly despatched to search the Hofgarten. were sitting Meyer and his wife together in the short winter's afternoon. Then followed the catastrophe.50 KASPAR HAUSER nothing. panting. and Meyer rushed off to the police -bureau. which contained the following note. dragged him out of the house. as the handwriting was reversed : . and Meyer asked. Meyer's said hand. though he sank down once on the way. and never after that would take Dr. He was put to two doctors were summoned.

" 1 come from from " . lectedly. who brought a message from the Hofgartner (head gardener). . was entering his office about nine o'clock. . "M. To save will myself you where I come from. The Bavarian frontier ." There was no address. but the doctors would not allow him as he to be sworn. L. and he was pronounced to be in no danger. but far. . were not next day. . The doctors meanwhile had examined Kaspar. he found a stranger in the blouse of a workman waiting for him. they were not The and it was only on the mornings of the 1 6th and iyth that his deposition could be taken. . asking him to come to the That Saturday morning.KASPAR HAUSER " 51 To be delivered. . The Commissioners of Police even commenced taking his evidence. OE. " On the river " I will even give my name as well. and found a small cut on the left side of his breast. as there allowed to proceed was some fear of inflammation. but it bled very slightly. tell you exactly how Hauser the trouble I " Hauser will be able to I look. He made it calmly and coladmitted at all . from its slanting direction. . . and whence tell I come. which. they were unable thoroughly to probe .

back fifty noticing whom he met. 1 ever looking face. with showers of snow and asked. a black hat." happened at Nuremberg " " Now that I have a were you not afraid ? 1 " Because receiving the blow. Kaspar had told Dr. and did not on the ground unconscious. " After what there. There no one at the artesian well. put a I saying. and ran carry home without as fast as his legs would or or him. The man was ." at the he was " when you found no one you go on to the appointed ? Uz monument I often walk it is my usual walk. come/' and went. This time he " I will answered. Kaspar dropped the " bag into his hand. bag.52 KASPAR HAUSER garden that afternoon at half-past three. with a red and black whiskers and moustache he wore a cloak and No a one else was in the garden. and he went a was little further on to the Uz monument (the memorial of the poet Uz). afternoon. for it tall. give you this. did "Why. to which he had not then attended. The same man had come three days before with a similar request." and. There another taller man started forward. was " wild blustering sleet. stabbed him in the breast. and see some specimens of clays from the borings of the new artesian well. as he took it. place. thereabouts. Horlacher that he had swooned on know how long he had lain .

he insisted. a including the officials and three doctors fourth had previously left were present in the room. and repeated " What is written with said. As and with wide-open staring eyes cried. said the This. and he was not expected to survive the In fact. "I must to write to-day all in another witness was putting his write I have much pencil. lead. he kept moving his hands over his bedclothes as if writing. I 53 It have no fear." first was pointed out to him that he had sent to him was fair. messenger and then that he was dark. " My God My God To have to shuffle off like " Once again he this." bed to rights." . could only be the mistake of the shorthand writer. About a dozen people. no one can ! ! ! read. muttering to himself. All his utterances during this last day were His nurse deposed that carefully noted down. he suddenly flung out his arms. eight o'clock. as his condition had suddenly changed for the at That same evening. ing ten.KASPAR HAUSER foster-father. he died as the clock was striknight. worse. just seventy-eight hours after he had received his wound. in shame and disgrace these words in his nurse's hearing. the Commissioners were hurriedly sent for again.

he added.54 KASPAR HAUSER of the This was before the arrival missioners. Meyer his trust in God." but Colonel Hickel now came forward and asked. too " His gasping utter- ances here ceased to be intelligible. " had done this " Dear Kaspar. Com- deep swoon. and asked if thing more to say. too must thanks. who found him in a When he came to himself. Meyer resumed. more than I can tell. if I knew who have you nothing to say to me ? that I Look me full You know have always " Many many taking Meyer's hand. to me. pause followed." " Oh. Then he muttered to himself. led away found the right road." Then he murmured something about men being more easily led " I too been away by evil than by good. " Sin A . He has quite free done good to many done good to me. much very much " I then might have to say but cannot . road from which he too. is not do not overcome him. too that the faults in it the next world will be reckoned or might go ill. thanks for all you have done I owe you meant well by you. too keep on the many right thanks. bade him put he had any- " I would gladly forgive. " " For " Have you no word for the Earl ? the Earl yes my He." he replied." in the face.

" or rancour feel anger should I we hope "Why He no one ever did me wrong." he answered. " If you see a man he raised endure it. begged pardon of every one I know why should I not Pastor Fuhrmann. asked him if his mind was at rest. leaving the right road him back at once by drag the hair of his head. him with the words of my will. his voice to say." prepared him for confirmation. not Pastor comforted and encouraged Scripture. than the monsterand again became inaudible." The good " Father. who had be at rest the good God surely will not forsake me." not enough." was growing more and more feeble every " Tired moment. forgiveness. . struggle as if appealing to those around. ending with." Another pause." said the Pastor. then " Hard not every man can again." and Kaspar responded. and was praying by his bedside. " to ask Our Lord has told us to forgive.KASPAR HAUSER destruction 55 cannot get free I ". "It is as There should be no to be forgiven. very tired all my limbs too heavy for me. stronger till. anger or rancour in your heart. and repeated several times. " Have I " not.

. 15). no mention was made of the malconformation of the knees (see p. and lastly return home a second time." and. he passed peacefully away. but as to how this wound was they held diametrically Dr. Who prayed thus " ? and again he was ready with Saviour. loss to They were at a understand how Kaspar. turning his face to the wall. and it even played bowls with the left hand) . Not only had the knife passed through the lung. ."" And when ? his answer. A The post-mortem examination 1 showed how far the doctors had at first been from estimating the extent of the injury." To " test his conscious- " ness." few minutes after this followed his last words.56 KASPAR HAUSER " but Thine be done. while 1 It is remarkable that. though the poor corpse was examined and described with almost painful minuteness. believed that self with his had been dealt by Kaspar himleft hand (he was left-handed. who claimed opposite opinions. but its point had actually punctured the heart. the Pastor asked. a professional experience of forty -one years. should have been able to go so first to hurry home from the long a distance Hofgarten. then go nearly all the way back again. " Our " Before He died. after receiving such a wound. " Tired very tired a long journey to take. Horlacher. : So far they were agreed inflicted.

as Kaspar invited to the Hofgarten three he went. nor in the direction of the What tracks gate leading into the country. it was concluded the murderer must then have been on the spot. yet no trace of any stranger was discoverable. Ansbach place where a new face is in itself an event. and made knife strict had been inquisition in the town . to have been walking up and down there were none near the artesian well. sent out notices to rouse the country. Colonel Hickel. such as might have caused the Hofgarten. wound. Albert was convinced that he had been murdered. as he had done at Nuremberg.KASPAR HAUSER 57 Dr. and least of all in the depth of winter . there were were quickly obliterated by the people crowding to visit the spot. and every newcomer is eagerly discussed. and by the snow which continued to fall all night. Hofpolice -soldier sent to search the trace the footsteps of one who seemed . the kind of is Now. But where was the murderer? The garten could only man in the snow. days before an insignificant provincial town. The was nowhere to be found. Nor 1 Several years afterwards a dagger or fatal stiletto. little visited by strangers. but might l have been thrown into a little brook hard by. for. was dug up in the .

and . and he perHe was then suaded the President to relax it. not have guarded him with greater care and You Feuerbach once said to me. but this restriction became excessively irksome to him. 1 Before going to the Hofgarten on that fatal Saturday told him. allowed to go about alone in the streets. whenever he left the house he was to ' be accompanied by an old soldier. but never outside the town. my charge. anxiety. as we have seen. who was a servant of Colonel Hickel's . and the Hofgarten was 1 " When once consequently forbidden ground.58 KASPAR HAUSER were the researches in the neighbourhood more successful. at a post-station on the road between Vienna and Munich. My father. who was then travelling. Kaspar was strictly forbidden to go out. received the news on Christmas Eve. He was greatly shocked. short of locking him up/ No strangers were admitted to see him unless they could produce a satisfactory guarantee of their respectability. for having. even into the streets. "Had he been a State prisoner committed to " I could he writes to Dr." Meyer. he taken every imaginable precaution to secure it. and no less surprised . * cannot do more. by himself . afternoon. made himself personhad ally responsible for Kaspar's safety. Kaspar visited Pastor Fuhrmann.

KASPAR HAUSER he was relieved of supervision in the 59 streets. and there was comparatively little travelling." On arriving at Munich. as well as of the Minister of the Interior. This was paste a cardboard screen that she she had made no such appointment. as on many others. and obtained the appointment of a Commission of Inquiry. belonged to me alone. that Stichauer. and I was only informed of it after Kaspar's On this occasion. was again books at the inns. in patrolled. This was done without my knowledge or consent. Ansbach had no regular post. whole district. as he was going on to Fraulein Lilla von asked him to come and help her to was making. for many and cart carefully searched. and with it all responsibility. for those were not the days of railroads. and the proclamation of a reward of 10. for all authority.000 florins for the apprehension of the murderer. the strangers' which all wayfarers had to enter their names. communication with the outer world except the Eilwagen (mail cart) that brought the daily But all this trouble was taken in vain. death. my father hastened to seek an audience of the King. it was impossible to prevent his going elsewhere. The miles round. President von Feuerbach assumed a right to which he had no claim . and every carriage that had been in use noted . : who had . untrue he left.

many suspicious circumstances tended to confirm Colonel Hickel's firmly-rooted was a myth. on some pretext or other. It was not likely that Kaspar would go out in very inclement weather merely to inspect specimens of clays . The note was folded exactly in the way that Kaspar was accustomed to fold his notes. Meyer remembered to have seen a similar bag in his possession since his last visit to Munich." The cut ofF) corresponded with waste-paper basket. for he had never shown the slightest interest in them. he had been in the habit of leaving the Chancellerie. It contained a fault in grammar he often made for in his writings. paper (of which the water-mark was some found in his For about three weeks before December 16. before the right . and they could not be novelties. but none such was found among his effects. Dr. the substitution of " den " " dem.60 KASPAR HAUSER Moreover. yet never once inquired what it had been found to contain. He expressed the greatest eagerness the bag dropped in the Hofgarten. as no work had been done at the belief that the man in the cloak artesian well since the preceding month of to recover August.

had it been struck only a rib it little lower down under the next would have done comparatively little It should be borne in mind that the former attempt at Nuremberg had been a great harm. . great preslived with Professor sure brought upon him . He had been very mysterious about this journal. but that the pressure required to pierce his thick winter clothing and wadded coat drove the knife further home than he expected. There had been. was dealt in a dangerous place . at different times. but he never would and at last declared that he had burnt It it. which he it. was never supposed that Kaspar had deliberately intended to commit suicide . were not found after his death. to produce it. forthcoming. and papers. lying said contained in a drawer. lock- ing the door. deadly. and pulling down the windowblind. instead of a slight wound. and inflicted a The blow. too. that he professed to have kept from the time he had Some letters Daumer. and never allowed any one to see it. known to have been in his possession a short time before. though it was dark winter weather. but once showed my father a blue paper cover. 61 and had always shut himself up in his own room for an hour or more every day.KASPAR HAUSER time. Nor was a diary.

attempted down. they must either be accepted or rejected together. the Captain's groom." which some had begun to doubt. else could have any conceivable object The story seeking to take Kaspar's life? and the murderer could not be dissociated . replaced him on his pedestal as the hero of the hour. and the Captain himself. and he also obtained the evidence of two policesoldiers who were on guard at the police-station first seen whom when he was brought hours that there. but stood or . Not At the end of February my father had gone to Nuremberg to examine the witnesses who had two men Kaspar on his arrival that is.62 success. removed him from position. and confirmed the persecutor a very distasteful existence of a mysa terious the criminal "against Human Who in Soul. and proceed to make their fifth and final report to the Minister of Justice at Munich. The nine judicial investigation dragged till on for September 1834 did the Ansbach Commissioners announce that the materials at hand for their inquiry were exhausted. During the three he never once either he was to sit detained. the he addressed in the street. months. KASPAR HAUSER Why should it not be repeated? It had reawakened the waning interest in his story.

Meyer's long and detailed account of his two years' experience of his pupil. and one of these men was positive that when asked where he came from. even though they differ in opinion as to whether Hauser inflicted roborated the wound himself. . " I must not tell. and. From first to " no last. the first point touched is upon in their report." The result of the inquiry was " the convic- tion irresistibly forced upon their minds. on many important points by the of Herr Biberbach.KASPAR HAUSER 63 walked about (see p. testimony and Freiherr von Tucher. single ground of suspicion had arisen against any individual that was not completely set at rest by subsequent investigation ." they had come to the above conclusion. 100) . and " corthe estimate he formed of his character." " " Because I don't know. The second Dr." " Why not ? The communication addressed by my father to Colonel Hickel on the subject induced the Commissioners to order a formal and minute re-examination of those witnesses whose eviis dence. after taking into account all the circumstances." that no murder had been committed. as disproving Kaspar's story. and more particularly the attempted murder at Nuremberg. Professor Daumer. he answered.

and the daylight. because the latter had seen through him. and shared by Lord Stan- .64 KASPAR HAUSER They " even in their first had. Kaspar no longer liked staying with Daumer. because his untruthful ness had been discovered and severely censured. when tutor and pupil alike wished to part. in broad and in a frequented street. He heard of the doubts upon his story. " After this attempt Kaspar was transferred to the house of Herr Biberbach . there occurred the When attempt to murder. " Then he came to Ansbach. and given rise to the conjecture that he had dealt the blow himself. leaving no first so-called trace. three facts de- serve more especial notice and consideration. again. Here. endeavoured to explain the reasons that had led them to doubt the truth of Kaspar's account of the pretended outrage. murderer unaccountably disappears. From this point of view. but here again a similar motive led to similar results. hurt. his tutor found cast him out. report. Hauser And again at the did not like this family." Here " " follows a discussion of his character and probable motives. occasioning a slight furthered his wish to leave the house. the accidental discharge of a nick of time very pistol in his own room.

father entirely concurred with the ver- My and the following year published a full account of Kaspar Hauser's "I story and of the fraud practised upon him. might lead to and perhaps unwelcome disdiscontented with his position and the occupation assigned to him. " This note. 60) are here detailed. yet he summed up his experiences with these generous words " It cannot be denied. in particular. should receive the most marked and special consideration. coveries. " that I am the suppose. police. man in the world that ever wrote a book to " prove himself in the wrong . occurs." circumstances already mentioned (see p. leaving a note and again a bag. as if to scoff at the researches of the berg. only dict thus pronounced . and the murderer vanishes." he used to say.KASPAR HAUSER hope. disliking work. 65 Fearing these doubts fresh researches. that Kaspar Hauser's statements were not to be : F . in as marvellous a way as at Nurem- by daylight and in a public garden. and I must myself confess. and some of his utterances The his on deathbed quoted. severely taken to task for lies on December 9 four days before the wound : his endeavour would be to put an end to this state of things at any price and the supposed murder then .

and which. promptly refuted and contradicted) was given to the It was written. I am sorry to say. would not him to rest in his grave. revived by his tragic and sensational end. if not in whole story. by a world. but it must always remain a question whether he should be an impostor in the usual acceptation of word. that he invented and misrepresented and that in several instances. Two rather scurrilous pamphlets. but it was not attack that the first four years afterwards upon my father (with the till exception of one newspaper article. suggested to him .66 KASPAR HAUSER . skill. he deceived us . then an old woman . one reflecting on various crowned heads. suffer could here conclude the story of But the public interest." I wish I Kaspar Hauser. the English widow of a German officer Countess Albersdorf. and a lyric poem. countrywoman. " I have no reason to believe that he came to intention of playing the Nuremberg with the part that was afterwards. in some measure. to the wonder of the world and the conviction of ' many very comhe enacted with such extreme petent judges. trusted much his . appeared in 1835 . and I hope that in this respect the world will judge the unhappy foundling called the fairly.

with the true reason of his imprisonment . . four father's death . before whom she appeared on the second occasion. and only adopted by Lord Stanhope in order that he might the more easily oblige some English friends who were (probably on account of an in1 See p. from the time of appearance at Nuremberg. 1 yet some first his of farrago of nonsense is gravely quoted twenty years afterwards by Professor Daumer in his even more scandalous work. again my Daumer goes far beyond by his former Tutor. 67 She had previously denounced three perfectly innocent men. two of them as Kaspar's murderer . and confused witness. and years after is entitled Revelations on Kaspar Hauser. According to him.KASPAR HAUSER verging upon eighty. This came out this in 1859." of Revelations she professed to have discovered the secret of Kaspar's parentage. ungallantly describe her as "an ex- tremely loquacious. Kaspar was the heir of a great English house. sent early in life to Hungary. the Countess in his denunciation. 101. foolish. and further proclaimed that my father had. It was a tissue of follies and absurdities. organised and concerted all the intrigues against him. bent upon repeating on hearsay all the In these two volumes gossip of the town. and the Commissioners.

who. Countess Albersdorf s chiefly compiled from is full of gross inaccuracies and still book. evidently meant mischief. took up the theme in 1 868. when walking in an unfrequented street at Nuremberg. as was alleged. grosser abuse of the wicked English Earl who had plotted the murder of his adopted son. the Neue Frankfurter Zeitung. and that the evil intention he thus divined was only frustrated by the merest accident! As an instance of his reasoning. The second killed him. . Thus it is that slander grows. as he had never recovered from his first paralytic stroke in June 1832. but had been pre- viously stolen from the murderer. What was at first only the hint of a hideous suspicion had now developed 1 into an uncontroverted fact. The Professor declares that in 1835. him to avert suspicion from Another newspaper. from the suspicious action of his right hand. Its article. totally unexpected. Not only did he young man's assassination. the President's death had been for some time anticipated. So far from being. but he also 1 poisoned President von Feuerbach. I may note that he believed the bag dropped in the Hofgarten was Kaspar's own. he met an extremely sinister-looking individual.68 KASPAR HAUSER interested in Kaspar's disappearance heritance) direct the by making away with him. and even threatened Daumer's own life.

Meyer of having kept back part of the eviIt was quite dence and garbled the remainder. Professor Daumer. his sufferings. who had asked and obtained permission from the Minister of State to publish extracts from the numerous documents concerning Kaspar Hauser that were preserved in the archives of Munich. comprising all the evidence.KASPAR HAUSER 69 Dr. this should have been done years before . In 1870 he father. In 1873 he wrote another controversial : pamphlet Kaspar Hauser. Had it been possible. remained uncon- vinced. and it is from this book that my narrative has been almost entirely derived. Ansbach. together with some private letters. Dr. enabled to give to the world the only perfectly " Child of authentic account of the so-called Europe" . his and his origin thoroughly discussed and established. his character. Julius Meyer was thus an earlier date. was dead. but these police records being under the seal of official secrecy. in which he accused innocence. and judicial proceedings connected with the case. and Nuremberg. their publication would not have been permitted at Dr. reports. always intended to write on the subject of his former pupil. however. . Meyer's son now endeavoured to stem His the rising tide of calumny and falsehood. and the duty thus devolved upon him.

viz. much less bought and read these ? But that he had performed his task of selection fairly and conscientiously and never once swerved from the exact truth. Another decade had passed before the story cropped up again. and Professor Daumer was by that time dead. i. Kaspar Hauser.'* both " from official " from the sources hitherto inaccessible. both of them well acquainted with the archives. piteously asked Dr. or the : Foundling.70 KASPAR HAUSER official . entitled Kaspar Hauser : his the history of his life and the proof of From the papers. of a person of the highest some " most remarkable revelations. It given rank. In 1883 an anonymous pamphlet was published at Ratisbon. to the public. . who had at his disposal materials very difficult of access. Meyer. readily came forward to testify." and professed to contain private notes of a man thoroughly conversant with the case." From this it might fairly be inferred that some fresh information was forthcoming. would ever have published. two very eminent jurists. true that the given in extenso twelve volumes documents had not been they would have filled ten or and who. ro- . but this new publication was simply a compilation of others that had appeared forty or fifty years before. now first royal birth.

Sebastian Kaspar Hauser. This SELIB Or TKf . i was taken from a pamphlet published in the same year at Strasburg by one Gamier. Mesis (Nemesis. A. the heir Baden. Paris (in reality Zurich). E. time at (Countess Albersdorf). privately circulated 1870. 4. Gr. without a title.e. throne of 1840 the : by N. Kaspar Hauser. Munich.KASPAR HAUSER mantically four t rayed 71 by to the Stuttgart. A French pamphlet. or the either of the author or printer. 3. then resident in Alsace. or the true revelation of : the secret of his birth the cause of his imprison- analysis and signification of the letter he brought to the Bavarian captain : detailed specification of the man who received ment : its duration: Kaspar as a child and then brought him as a young man to Nuremberg : Hausers position at Nuremberg until his attempted assassination: finally ^ Lord Stanhope s first appearance at this Nuremberg^ and the contrivance and preparation of the intrigues in which he was afterwards engaged. 2 volumes. C. preface Seiler). By W. at Paris in name No. 1839. a refugee from Baden. i. and entitled Some contributions to the history of Kaspar Hauser^ with a dramatic preface. 18342. v.

which. it is written in the style of a novel or romance. concocted from common report and current rumours. says. finally for each occasion refused. this precious production. or indeed authority of any kind. and contains one fantastic episode. to whom 2. Who such things. had been three times offered to the Baden Government . It appears that she had twice asked . the sworn tc champion of Kaspar Hauser. he bore a grudge. on " Before it was merely anonymous testimony ? credit given to the public. I 3. which he had published to revenge himself on man was the Government that had proscribed him . for 1500 florins. oath that this was a composition of his own.72 KASPAR HAUSER arrested at Baden seventeen years afterand during his imprisonment deposed on wards. from internal can evidence. and on No. without historical proof or foundation. Countess Albersdorf's two volumes (p. with the promise of inviolable secrecy in the future. one Engesser. lt breathes throughout bitter enmity against princes and priests. Professor Daumer. and 24 louis. being denounced as incriminated. It is full of inaccuracies . 67). is unmistakably a fiction. next. first. Of No. for 1 700 florins. I have already described may add that she herself owns to a strong animus against my father.

their rightful sovereign. The better to compare them. and this last publication. and Dr. and at name him throne. 1830. on 30. She was " He will be very indignant. i. and was then living Nuremberg. and he had twice excused himself from receiving her. March his set On this occasion Major von Hennenhofer and other witnesses testified that nephew. who Hauser. which satisfactorily establish their identity. 2. in great detail. held under the presidency of Herr von Burniz. under the name of Kaspar The Grand -Duke Leopold. and 3. a secret sitting of the Council of State of Baden. 4 had of course a very limited circulation. he printed in 1883 parcel passages from Nos. on the death of the Grand-Duke Louis. All recount. with some difficulty prevailed upon them to ignore his nephew's claim. of the it traces thought he discerned in same hand that had been He employed on the new pamphlet. with whom the elder line of the House of Zaehringen expired.KASPAR HAUSER 73 for an interview with him. was present. as the next in succession to the . sorry some day that he would not see me. Meyer had considerable difficulty in procuring a copy." No. and declared. had been aside for reasons of State.



These so-called revelations profess to be extracts from the MS. memoirs of Major von Hennenhofer, which he valued so highly that he slept with them under his pillow, and had left instructions that they were to be given to the world at the end of the present century. These he had given to a former lawyer's clerk, named Seiler, to be copied, and Seiler, being dissatisfied
with his remuneration, carried off his copy to Zurich, where he had it printed, and intended
to publish

But, before he could do so, the secret was betrayed to the Baden representative,

Freiherr von Rudt, who, in the name of his Government, demanded from the Swiss authorities

the suppression of the entire edition, and the banishment of Seiler, who was, however, to
receive payment. This is a fabrication

from beginning to end. Major von Hennenhofer, who was singled out for incrimination, was a Court favourite who had risen from the ranks, and as such, an exceedingly
unpopular (and I believe deservedly unpopular) but no man. He was a voluminous writer

memoirs of any sort were found among papers (now preserved in the archives Karlsruhe), and all those acquainted with



have pronounced

Seiler 's

" Extracts " to be

very clumsy forgeries.

He himself, to his




day, expressed the liveliest indignation at being

suspected of complicity in such a conspiracy. Of the story itself, it need only be said that


no Council of State existed in Baden at that date. It was only instituted thirty-three years afterThe republication in 1883 of wards, in 1863. this and other allegations against the reigning House of Baden, was all the more unpardonable, as they had been refuted and exposed eight years before by Dr. Mittelstadt, in his Kaspar Hauser and his Baden Princedom. Heidelberg, 1875.


accusations against


father were, if

possible, even more extravagant and envenomed than those that had gone before. Not only had he been the accomplice of Countess Hochberg

and Major von Hennenhofer, who had been employed to kidnap the Crown Prince of Baden, but he was himself " the soul of the conspiracy, the instigator and ringleader" of all the plots
hatched against the unfortunate Hauser. He had been concerned in the attempted murder at

Nuremberg. Hennenhofer

He had

travelled to

Ansbach with
r tne

December 1833 f

p ur pse

with his


despatching his victim, and "either dagger, or that of a hired assassin,




" embitter pamphlets," he writes to one of his friends,


inflicted the

mortal wound.


them, and on






burden of this crime, and the guilt of innocent

Next came the turn of Dr. Meyer. " On him rested the grave suspicion of having delivered up to Lord Stanhope, Kaspar Hauser's

and unseen journal which he fully believed had never (see p. 61), been written. He was the servile "creature," the paid tool of the English Earl, initiated in all the evil secrets of his machinations, and had


this mysterious

pocketed such heavy bribes, that from a poor man he had grown to be a rich one. Colonel
Hickel, again, was another salaried conspirator, who had purposely absented himself from

Ansbach on the day of Kaspar's assassination, in order to delay and hamper the judicial investigation it was his duty to conduct.
All this fury of vituperation was, it should be observed, levelled against men from whom no rejoinder was to be apprehended, as they had " eternal silence " of long since passed into the the grave. But Dr. Meyer's sons were not
disposed to allow such vile imputations on their father's memory to pass unchallenged. They brought an action for libel against the publishers

of these wicked slanders, and applied to



at where the pamphlet had been pubRatisbon. with costs. or any English gentleman. in stooping to answer I should be insulting. lished. rather than vindicating his memory. No attempt was made to defend it. was tried in April 1883. Meyer. I replied that if any people could be found to believe that he. or employed that of a hired bravo. and not from wilful malice.KASPAR HAUSER join in 77 prosecution on my own father's brother being dead. But he was sentenced to pay a fine of 100 florins. and ordered to destroy all the copies of the obnoxious publication that remained on his hands. the publisher only pleaded that he had acted in ignorance of the truth. or cause The uphold the libels it contained . and the last letter he wrote to Kaspar himself. 1833. they must have altogether lost their understandings. My to notice so foul a charge. Some December 17. and I did not see how the verdict of any tribunal could remedy their condition. . But I refused the behalf. to show the warm he had taken in his pupil's welfare. part of my father's correspondence with Dr. his thoughtful care. interest were read in court. dated Vienna. had either himself used the dagger of an assassin. it. I now remained his nearest representative. I felt that.

I have transcribed that part of the President's evidence which bears out my own statements. entitled Kaspar Hauser : Eine neugeschichtliche Legende^ von Antonius von der Linde. (See p." l might have been hoped that the Hauser legend was now finally disposed of. But this publica- tion scarcely met with the success it merited. but this was very far from being the case. held out the prospect of something better than moral As I have a prejudice (evidently not shared by some writers I might name) in favour of evidence taken on oath. declared that one that studied the case must be lost in any amazement at the raving lunacy that could make evidence.78 KASPAR HAUSER and unwearied kindness. for " we are told that " the historian Gregorovius (whoever he certain" that may " morally be) only became Kaspar Hauser was Stephanie's son after reading Von der Linde's book. President Schmausz.. and a due appreciation of his noble and One eminent jurist who gave upright character. " Lord Stanhope out It a murderer. His name was never mentioned except with respect and commendation. by Baron Alexander von Artin.) 1 . Scarcely four years had elapsed before it cropped up again : this time in a refutation of the story. Then in March 1892 a more ambitious title. Des Rat hs els L'dsung (The Solution of the Riddle). 104.

comparison made by experts of the handwriting and phraseology of this document with those of a great number of Cabinet papers of the reign of this Grand-Duke. part the assurance of my continued I remain. Nuremberg Accept on last " In month total failure. be- queathed by the Minister von Berstett to a prince whose name is not given. . engaged to address to his Cabinet a nefarious : conspiracy. It 79 contained two documents that were to set the matter at rest for ever. 1828 : " To my Government. dramatic I effect. my interest in your welfare. with the stipulation that they were not to be for fifty-five years after his death. made public This period in facsimile. had now elapsed. your well-affectioned " LUDWIG." This seems a remarkable in circular for a sovereign. One was the following letter purporting to be written by the Grand-Duke Louis. that this event does not disturb the peace of Take measures my Grand Duchy. A plainly shows independently of the contradictions in its arrangement and wording that we have here to do with a clumsy forgery.KASPAR HAUSER certainties. to heighten its was delivered at midnight! need scarcely add that it is entirely discredited " in Germany. it and. and dated June 5.

the beginning and end is entirely different from that of similar official circulars. contained in this publication is the reproduction in facsimile of a Cabinet circular respecting events said to have occurred at Nuremberg basis in 1828. four lines in a different handwriting from the rest . particular. The address and superscription are in direct contradiction to the usual form. makes use of methods such as these. either wilfully or erroneously. . a superscription and address quite contrary to usage . single words either displaced. A having been tampered cannot deserve any kind of notice. and so strangely written as to suggest its with! publication that. a date fourteen years anterior to that of the water -mark of the paper. or with a blank space left around them ." Karlsruher "The only novelty Zeitung^ March n. the Minister In von Berstett (the whole of whose correspondence was made over by his widow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) never appears to have been so addressed. 1892. fables probably to form the of future and suspicions. Several papers have thrown doubts on its genuineness. 1892. "Badische Landeszeitung^ March 9.8o KASPAR HAUSER Besides other errors. and already in fact a closer examination reveals unmistakable signs of forgery: a seal where no seal is ever placed .

KASPAR HAUSER The not tell 81 other document is Von Berstett's dying confession to the anonymous prince. After found in his orders a more about matter I Leopold's accession. and upon falsehood." he only became aware of it after the accession of the Grand-Duke Louis: and. which does He avers that. which utterly are. the unhappy Grand -Duchess Stephanie would go mad. partly anonymous. " crippled and hearing that the prince was ruined in mind and body. 70)." he thought it best for the welfare of the State to keep the matter " to himself. by the judge who there pronounced the verdict " This work is shown to be compiled from : The of the book former. of which I have rest It is thus described already spoken (see p. "the air was full of whispered suggestions that the first-born prince was still alive." simply a reprint of the obnoxious publication prosecuted and condemned at Ratisbon in 1883. I feared that if the truth were revealed. publications concern- ing Kaspar Hauser. from internal evidence. long as he can remember. my evil genius. though as us much. knows than I do. and and these of the upon suspicion G falsehood . Also. good excuse for resigning my is post. accumulates suspicion unworthy of belief. whom I may well call this Major Hennenhofer.

and was the murderer of Kaspar The various scurrilous and discredited Hauser hitherto unpublications which I have described. had been brought together 1 The literal translation is agent provocateur." Lord Stanhope. falling under the suspicion of being an in1 work of former. worst as is likewise apparent in the charges brought against are well known to be utterly without foundation in fact. which he left. not entirely of his own He then lived for some time at Zurich. ! noticed in England. "Baron Alexander von Artin" is simply nonNo noble family of that name is to be existent.82 KASPAR HAUSER kind . but. which the prince who receives Von Berstett's death-bed confession anonymous. accord. The author is supposed the to be a certain Von Ehrensberg. and once a captain in the Prussian service. as is said. met with in Germany. Some months after this. but I do not know how to render this in English. was sent out of the country. . A his on the Guelph Fund had been previously published by the same firm at Zurich. but Not only is name given by the author is a pseudonym. I am ashamed to say that an English writer and a London firm ventured to publish to the astounded world that my father had been in the pay of the Grand Duke of Baden. a native of Baden.

engaged in sifting the ashes of the lower strata of our literature. conversant with the manners and doubtless customs of the nobility openly accusing a nobleman of ancient and honourable lineage of being the hired bravo of the Grand -Duke of Baden True." entitled The Story of Kaspar Hauser. "what crimes " ! I can committed in thy name imagine some future Macaulay. she gives no proofs in support of her statement. into the neutral ground of History. History I might ! exclaim with are Madame Roland.KASPAR HAUSER 83 and translated to form " an interesting page of history. and pouring forth his indignation in a torrent of " ! scathing eloquence does this not reveal : What a state of society a Here we have lady a lady perfectly of high social standing.e. suddenly lighting upon this ghastly story. but it is evident that the ! fact was even then Earl's thirty -seven the death so notorious as years after to need none. Her name probably already familiar . Germany had since . The time that elapsed had relegated these ancient scandals. my great indignation I would have welcomed the weapon of defence that I had rejected in authentic (i. from In anonymous) Records. but I it did not place found that the law of England in my hands. far beyond the reach of attack.

addressing crowded and enthusiastic public meetings. dismiss such paltry subterfuges with the scorn . But we. incredible as it may employed this by hands such caitiff as their colporteur ! appear. may is stated. And in this is in the nineteenth century Victoria ! the reign of the good Queen think of the corruption and degradation of a time in which such monstrous crimes passed unheeded ? How is it ! What must we that we do not hear of this Earl's being brought to justice. what an indictment is here against the Bible and missionary societies it that Is as these that Christianity is to be disseminated? Yet. Then.84 KASPAR HAUSER to the literary world was alone a sufficient for no contradiction has ever been guarantee . it was on this petty and precarious pittance that his wife and family had for years to struggle on . this polluted traffic was his principal means of subsistence . or at least expelled from the House of Lords ? Where is the boasted respectability of our ancestors? their We find this assassin to debates spoken taking part in the peer of parliament. and it shame be as a receiving addresses and testimonials in recognition of his services. attempted. and his abject poverty might be pleaded as the sole excuse for his being. superior and more virtuous age. as in this open to any bribe.

But it should be . boldly lifted the veil so long shrouded this hideous mystery. It was all done by bribery. His voice alone is raised in the universal silence. own and earned the respect and gratitude of posterity.KASPAR HAUSER 85 they deserve. said to . if ! " not of her contemporaries Here the author finds that he has missed one " But very telling point. Stanhope has no money. anonymous that Kaspar " letter) : c I am firmly convinced Hauser was murdered. Lord Daniel Alban Durteal" (I have copied this nobleman's remarkable name with the most careful solicitude). All the more honour to the noble-minded risk to her woman who." (the writer of an . . I must not be I must not unjust. at least. ignoring any that had character. and he. and lives by this affair/ "We know nothing of Lord Daniel Alban His name has not been handed down Durteal. leave untold the one striking incident that redeems the criminal apathy of the age. does not shrink from proclaiming the truth. to us in the pages of history. " advocate of the Royal Court in London. One English nobleman and one only was found honest enough to speak out. and rejoice that our standard of morality is not that of the disgraced and debased nineteenth century.

there can be no ques- away ? tion as to the result. the our little attempt flat. that our best Is it were laid under contribution ? Should so much good sympathy and honest indignation be utterly wasted and thrown feelings fair? Disappointment is not the word for it. Not for a . Vexation would be a truer one. at one period of her life. and take its place beside that of the noble lady who so courageously bore witness to the truth with her pen. that eventually wins the day. there Durteal? Between their affinity. men may well ask." was true I feel I am far from having done justice to stirring passages that will delight But even this descendants in the future. ! and altogether unsatisfying it must appear Was for this. at least. It is not the highly wrought romance. herself borne the honoured name of Alban hearts. And yet. May we not please ourselves with the fancy that they were not altogether strangers to each other ? that she may have been connected either by birth or marriage with the noble family of which he was the representative? or even. but the plain and simple truth. How tame.86 KASPAR HAUSER ever gratefully enshrined in the memory of his countrymen. may serve to show how poor it a figure the truth must cut by their side. with all this.

July 24. One who bears the proud name of Englishwoman should be the last to doubt the good sense and I right feeling of her the countrymen . Meyer on "Truth is great and victorious. I have the conviction that in this. In his own words (written to Dr. through ignorance and prejudice. it must in the end prove the conqueror. 1834) : and much as we may now be maligned. or single moment have I faltered the verdict I have to felt a misgiving as to expect. and it is with most perfect confidence that I leave my father's honour in their hands." .KASPAR HAUSER 87 in this faith. accept it before it is pronounced. as in all other matters.




taken on oath before the examining magistrate. not far from the bridge. he put his hand into the pocket of his jacket. George Leonard Weichmann. Hi. 1829. I then went with Hauser over the Max Bridge towards the Neue Thor Strasse. I was in respect to in the year 1828 ? appearance house door on standing at do you know Kaspar Easter my Monday. and offered to show him the way. jjj. when before a young the magistrates lad. when. lad and. While still at some distance from me. the address to the " Herr Rittmeister (Captain) of Strasse ? " . resident in the Unschlittsplatz in Nuremberg.APPENDIX EVIDENCE of the master shoemaker. and I read large sealed letter. he began to call " " out. I supposed the lad wanted to go to some one in the Neue Thor Strasse. as he came nearer. and drew out a He gave me the letter. "Neue Thor (New Gate Street). pronounced with tolerable distinctness the words. What first Hauser's A. came trudging ! down the Barleinhuter hill. November 4. the same shown to me under the name of Kaspar Hauser.

he replied. tell how How was Kaspar Hauser dressed on ? this. put it under his arm. Then I took him up to the corporal and two other soldiers standing by. had ever been here before. Hauser took off his hat very respectfully. the Police Examiner corporal took the letter. not seeing far less being able to he reached the Rittmeister's house. " Ratisbon " and to my next question." But when I went on to inquire what news there was at Ratisbon. called out straight in. war " . J|J. serving as a passport). and the Examiner. his first appearance (Witness here described and identified the clothes. " Guardthe 4th Squadron. " " Have you got a Wanderbuch ? (travelling journeyman's book. I said. but only bore the name and. When we called out. "It will be best for us to go to the guard-house at the Neue Thor " (New Gate) . it's the first time.92 KASPAR HAUSER As I could give him no information respecting this gentleman. way slowly approaching it. whether he . and Hauser repeated.) . but I soon perceived he had no idea what war meant. pointing to the Gate. Neue Thor no doubt just built ? " him that the Neue Thor was by no built. as I explained that Hauser had no Wanderbuch. Hauser indeed repeated my words. . I asked Hauser where he came from. we were On He the said. I went my The "Go own way." house I guard-house explained to means recently meanwhile." and when I saw that Kaspar went as directed. and had not understood my question. and showed the letter to the Herr Rittmeister. "No. and what they said there as to " War peace or war. but omitted any further inquiries. got to the Gate.

dusty. . This I accordingly did. Town But he Council. . " No. bent down. as in any case I was going that way. and this he said in a tone that might have led one to suppose him to be dazed. Weichmann was again examined in May 1834. no . stood firm on his feet and did not stagger. and when I asked him if he " did not remember me. and as long as he was with me. as has been asserted. adding the I was standing talking to the shoemaker. would not recognise me. come down the tolerably steep He was not Barleinhuter hill at a good pace. While the questions and answers recorded in the minutes were being read out. he cried impatiently. . I distinctly remember hearing Kaspar Hauser pronounce the words as I reported them. that I might identify him.APPENDIX JfJ. but walked like any one else . " What makes . replied. I kept my eyes fixed on his face. after this Kaspar Hauser was brought before the long way. . and we had been chatting together about ten minutes when I saw a young stranger. as if But he was evidently jaded. and rather he had just walked a Beck said to me it would be well if I showed him the Neue Thor Strasse. Jacob Beck. . 93 Doubts have been expressed as to whether Kaspar Hauser really used the words you reported " Have Ratisbon. and recapitulated following details : his former evidence." you a distinct remembrance of them ? A. Neue Thor no doubt just built. afterwards named Kaspar Hauser. and when he observed I was watching him. Kaspar Hauser kept step with me. and it would have been About ten days folly to think of leading him. .

His dress. appearance. a short jacket. . Kaspar Hauser. 1834. I was standing with the shoemaker Weichmann at the corner of the Unschlittsplatz and the middle Kreuzgasse.94 KASPAR HAUSER stare . On first the afternoon of the day that Kaspar Hauser came to Nuremberg. but as it was he looked to me a very ordinary sort of fellow. . I told him he ought to take the stranger with him . and general demeanour was that of a stable boy. taken on oath before the examining magis- May 5. If I could have guessed that this Kaspar Hauser was such an interesting person. he cried with a distinct but rather broken " Where's Neue Thor Strasse ? " As I knew voice. and on his head a very low-crowned him for a which looked very comical. and so he did. the shoemaker. As he came hat. Jacob Beck of Nuremberg. wide trousers. I myself went another way. He was very tolerably dressed have already described his clothes (before the magistrates). Afterwards I heard from Weichmann that he had mentioned before the Town down the Barleinhuter Council our being together when Kaspar came This is all I know of hill. for he wore a firm step. when we saw Kaspar coming down the Barleinhuter hill with He was really a droll figure. I took journeyman tailor just arrived. I would certainly have gone with him to the Neue Thor Strasse . nearer. Weichmann was going in that direction. . EVIDENCE of trate. you at I me so " ? .

Young whom Hauser was very tired so much so that he reeled as he walked. to the letter was addressed. j^. and that he was had rung the bell when you opened the house door to admit Kaspar Hauser ? Who . I Herr Rittmeister. etc. Hauser was afterwards got scarcely able to walk. where he lay down on the straw. 1829. wore round to this house. and trousers of the same. when. that I was bound to let him took him to the stable. and pointed to his feet to show that they hurt him . but could get " I don't know. turned with disgust from the meat and beer offered Towards eight o'clock the Herr Rittmeister I do not remember being present when he found Hauser in the stable . and I left alone in the house. the door bell I went from the stable to open the front door. all On that Easter Monday my master and his household were absent.APPENDIX EVIDENCE of Johann Matthew Merk. He rang." I asked him where he came from. hat. " wanted to be a saying that he trooper. He took bread and water greedily. taken on oath before December 20. but him. as his father and that he had been " directed to come here was. and found there the same young man whom I often saw afterwards under the name of Kaspar Hauser. rid of. with a and showed me a letter he held in his hand. 95 servant of the Rittmeister von Wessenig.. I only know that came home. about seven o'clock in the evening. because he had a letter : for the stay. and as I thought." a gray jacket. the examining magistrate." nothing out of him except.

but he did not speak very intelligibly. I believe cannot swear to it. just come to understand all that was said well enough. from. he said. and with evident difficulty. but his feet were swollen. and began tinctly said that to cry about it . I saw Kaspar Hauser write. but as found Kaspar Hauser standing at the door quite alone. I cannot affirm it on oath : I member. and that he wrote his true ? name in pencil is that I A. j^>. he had been forced to travel day and that he had been carried when he could no : longer walk that he had learnt to read and write . but rather unhad a connectedly. satisfy yourself that ? I came Did you he really could don't quite re- read and write A. I RE-EXAMINATION of Merk on May 5. I cannot speak of my own knowledge. I conclude it must have been him. then he dis- night . as if he had He seemed in from a long journey. " There were five like that where This is all I know of Kaspar Hauser. He told me he did not know where he chat. Yes. quite school. When distinctly. long We came from.96 KASPAR HAUSER A. 1834. and that he had to cross the frontier every day to go to I showed him the horses. It is stated that you sat together on a stone : bench. and he was very dusty. Kaspar Hauser looked quite healthy." j^. but .

taken nothing but bread and water. taken on oath before the examin- November 2. when I returned from a drive with the Commissioner of Police. the Herr on patting them. I was told that a stranger bringing a letter was waiting for me. for he had drawn his legs close up to his body. 1829. I had him awakened and when he saw me. but was attending the I : I had to consecration of the church at Erlangen. Friedrich von Wessenig. Kaspar Hauser was lying asleep on the straw. the evening of that Easter Monday. whom horses served as coachman. and coming to the house of Rittmeister von Wessenig.APPENDIX EVIDENCE of Johann Hacker. I went myself to the stable. and found a young peasant asleep on the straw. lying on the straw not make him out : in the stable : that they could him meat and which he would not touch and that he had beer. 97 Rittmeister von Wessenig. EVIDENCE of the 6th Bavarian the Rittmeister of the 4th Squadron of Regiment of Cavalry. drive him there and when we came back in the even: ing. 1829. Kaspar Hauser. and as it were rolled together. curled up. November 2. took great delight in the he was very sorry to part from them. taken on oath before the examining magistrate. that they offered : : H . On Von Scheurl. Rittmeister was not at home. and Lieutenant von Hugenpoet. accompanied by the Commissioner and the Lieutenant. on arriving at Nuremberg. coachman of ing magistrate. and kept When he first came.

I asked him his know. name he replied that his him to say only "I don't . When name had him taken away. then he took off his hat. brought. said. and I therefore tunity handed it to the Police Commissioner who was present.98 KASPAR HAUSER he came up to me. but it was so effaced that it could not be made out. " I want to be such a " took hold of my porte-epee^ and began playing one : with it. I judged him to be entirely uneducated and so to speak in a state of his part Nature. add- "My foster-father said I was always to take off hat and say your Honour. and seemed " Ross " greatly pleased with the horses." and made me a bow. the peasant's dress he and well-fed looked healthy. Meanwhile my servant delivered the letter he had my Its tone of imporI read it through. and insistence provoked me . I of observing him while he was in my house. complained of pain in his feet. repeating During the short time I had the opportunity (horse). and and my servant led him to the once agreed to do Police Court. : : wore seemed clean and quite new : and he had with : him a Catholic prayer-book and a cotton handkerchief there was a written in the prayer-book. and the possibility of any deception on was not to be thought of. This he at asking him to take charge of the boy. your Honour ing. he was very loath to leave the stable. being tired and footsore. . smiling. as the lad was not well able to walk In other respects he alone. foster-father had desired " .

instead of living in confinement. He On the day that Kaspar Hauser was very loutish-looking. him to tell me the name of this place. so that I had but little conversation with him. then I gave him a pen ready dipped in ink. place he the pen properly. I brought was about three hours with Kaspar in this room. He did not write down what name place he desiring came from. say. I showed him my paper again. " I dare not I then asked why he dared not tell. clearly and decidedly as before. his official duty. he had been a great deal in the open air. " Because I don't know. without hesitation and in a distinct voice. and of very stout build. and I should have said that. that struck me while he was writing was that thing his hand shook a little. May 5. he did not nor did his eyes seem to be sensitive to it. with the name of the fatigue. just like other people. first arrived. ." This was the only answer he would give to all the other questions that I put to him. he was to our guard-room. but he showed a considerable amount of light was brought in. with a healthy complexion. 1834.APPENDIX 99 EVIDENCE of the sworn on police-corporal Christopher Wiist. and he answered. where I was on duty. He certainly appeared neither pale nor delicate. though far from well. and wrote his The only quite legibly. I wrote down directions on a piece of paper light." and he replied. When shrink from came from . and he came quite close to the light He held without the slightest apparent discomfort. that he was to sign his name.

sworn on May 5. the tradesman conducted the stranger thither. where I was. and walked up and down the room with short steps. a young man. was loitering before his about to go from thence to the so-called Neue door. Xhor. Kaspar Hauser showed such an utter deficiency of words and ideas. who held out to him a letter addressed to the Rittmeister of the As the 4th Squadron of the Schmolische Regiment. The tradesman went up to this stranger. I. he perceived. Rittmeister lived near the Neue Thor. not appearing at least he did not complain of fatigue and fatigued hours.ioo KASPAR HAUSER EVIDENCE of the police-soldier Jean Jaques Lemarier. day that Kaspar Hauser came to he was brought into our guard-room. Nuremberg. or being able to direct his steps. who was standing in a most unusual attitude . dressed as a peasant. and I was then with him for about two the first On He held himself quite upright. his official duty. 1834." Beispiel elnes Verbrechens am Seelenleben des Menschens (Instance of a Crime " against a Human Soul) : pp. such perfect ignorance of the com- . not far from him. when. Compare Hauser on "A these matter-of-fact statements with Professor Feuerbach's sensational account of Kaspar his first arrival at Nuremberg. on turning round. dwelling the so-called Un- Nuremberg. in tradesman. 2. : during the two hours he was in the guard-room never asked to sit down. and as if intoxicated was trying to move forward without holding schlittsplatz in himself upright.

too. that to judge from may be safely assumed that he had been more in the habit of walking barefoot than in boots. 21. such extraordinary and physical disposithat one might have felt one's self driven to the tion. Hiltel. transferred by some miracle to our own : peculiarities in his social.APPENDIX of 101 monest things and appearances of Nature. November On tight. like a When he was asleep." or else for the Ibid. as his boots were very should be noted. At the beginning he sat rather bent down . alternative of believing him to be the citizen of another planet. pp. who was born and grew up under the earth. neither . and with all this. not indeed sore. tailor. mental. warder of the Tower Prison in the Castle of Nuremberg. EVIDENCE of Andreas 1829. his feet. Kaspar Hauser's feet were. and drew up his legs. and only emerged to the light of day when he had attained the age of manhood. man described by Plato.. During the time he was in my charge he at first sat always on a bench. his first arrival. it swollen. and only later on used a chair. such horror all the customs. he lay curled up. conveniences. but much it Moreover. but tucked them under him. 20. and on the bench nor on the ground did he ever stretch out his legs. and necessities of civilised life.

' ' ! . as if he wished to detain them . and vanished. . I have here given a literal translation of two extracts from this book. There I saw Kaspar. 'For God's sake.. he folded his hands together three Since then I have no peace ". and swear to you in the name of God that I will defend your honour as far as lies in my power . times in supplication. Then " I followed a second vision : was transported into an Eden-like country. bleeding wound. hurrying after " Some time Hauser appeared after this to me. On this I said. and was obliged to stop. through the gate of which two men were passing out. I these gentlemen. I asked. I let them pass. As a specimen of Countess Albersdorf's writings. covered with the loveliest and . of which no pen can describe the beauty. ! I ' down even c they say that true Then it is true I said you took your own life tell me. c am ' nance brightened . but he could not pass the gate. and shook his head. engaged in a heated colloquy. and entered the cemetery. at this assurance his counteI Heaven. in which was at Ansbach. convinced of your innocence. is ? Whereupon he gazed piteously up to to his feet. Kaspar. and went to the cemetery. I beheld an illimitable meadow. were dead ? on which he Kaspar thought you and pointed with his right hand to the sighed deeply.. with his arms stretched out. J Kaspar. I had a vision.102 KASPAR HAUSER COUNTESS ALBERSDORF. from which the blood was dripping Struck by this apparition.

what great change c Pointing to the Orders on his breast. you are sufficiently recompensed that for all your sorrows in the world. and gave me his hand. His countenance was transfigured. vanished. and led me back by the same way to a place strewn with such priceless and dazzling treasure blinded. and ! precious stones that my eyes were quite c This is no earthly I cried in delight.' splendour and beauty. he still by meadow.breathing flowers. through which flowed a crystal-clear river . to visit his bones. and I on the sand -strewn walking from the eminence into a most beautiful valley. Be your promise. forget all that ' ! I said c .' At this outcry I confess men may disappeared." much " fetched " by the idea that receive in paradise the decorations they have myself failed to obtain on earth. I cried tions of two great Orders.APPENDIX 103 While I was still most balsam . ' c has come over you ? Hauser. eyes sought him. greeted me. took my other hand. here he the turned.' c Oh. on all these marvels. . and found him walkc That is the way to Ansbach ' ! he goes to all his grave. now you are translated He now took in me into this heavenly paradise. J And while I was still rapt in the con- templation c of this warningly. he said steadfast.' the hand and led me. This is what I should have attained to. and his dress as magnificent as any worn by a courtier on a gala night at court . and keep As I turned to look at him he had My ing towards a I cried hill. and not irresolute. he answered. on his breast were the decorain surprise. had I lived. Hauser came across the gazing meadow towards me. path. c .

before Oberlandgerichts rath 1 von Ammon. EXAMINATION of President Karl Schmausz of Nuremberg. I have omitted some of man's titles. was represented the advocate Hanle. Yes. I read them if not word for word this gentle- 1 In mercy to the English reader. who had inspired him with the most perfect confidence. relating to the violent death of the foundling Kaspar Hauser ? Schmausz. 2 Official documents are so called in Germany. Von Coppenrath (the publisher). in good faith. and Von Coppenrath declared he had never seen Dr. No vindication was even attempted . in the Schaffen Court at Ratisbon. from a friend and correspondent of Professor Daumer's. Hanle. Are you acquainted with the Acts 2 now preserved in the archives of Ansbach. by The defendant. the advocate Adlmann. Julius Meyer. The case was tried on April 16. The verdict I have already given. by The defence set up was that Von Coppenrath had The accepted the book.104 KASPAR HAUSER TRIAL FOR LIBEL. Meyer's book till a fortnight before the trial. 1883. . plaintiff. for any intention of upholding the truth of the statements it contained was formally and expressly disclaimed . as well as those at Nuremberg. Dr.

Did these Acts give you the impression that the investigation had been careless. He asked me to bear witness all that they contained I the essential points of the case. Meyer. and led to great on Dr. and letter in the Allgemeine Zeitung. gave him wards late this testimony. they are not regards the Nuremberg from bias. there is no trace of Acts . as I had often talked over the case with the late Dr. Julius Meyer's Authentic Communications respecting p. with greater care than that. all the salient am was left quite positive that nothing These Authentic Com- attacks munications appeared in the year 1872. Does Schmausz. as far as my memory serves me. I had heard a great deal about it already. Meyer was suspected of knowledge or complicity in any crime committed against Kaspar Hauser ? Hanle. really essential that they gave out. and. Hanle. or incomplete ? Schmausz. Yes. No investigation this. The object then intended and kept in view was to prove that Kaspar Hauser was of noble origin . is My decided impression I points of the case. and it was from this standpoint that the inquiry was carried on. being a native of Ansbach. Hanle. As this in the far as I know. Meyer. reprinted my was after- it appear from these Acts that the Dr. Do Dr. and I am convinced that in the year . interest in it : all the more that. as free I was ever conducted would only observe Acts.APPENDIX in the year 105 they were then kept in the Court Registry Office. I took an 1868 or 1869 . superficial. Kaspar Hauser (the book mentioned in 82) correspond with the contents of these Acts ? Schmausz.

him of a base or criminal action. As far as I remember. I think not . entirely convinced me of the Since then. He was of a frank and open character . a man of undoubted and unquestioned No one in Ansbach susintegrity and uprightness. and Dr. Dr. inundated the world with lies and fictions about himself. Every one may be mistaken. life. Was the book published by his sons intended remove any suspicion from their father at the cost of to Kaspar Hauser ? ing. prove It it. is especially as given by President founded on a delusion . that though till then I had formed no definite opinion regarding Kaspar Hauser. on that evening. the origin of this work will may have been turned in the summer of 1858 that I met the plaintiff's father at an evening party. and one or two other gentlemen present. I have correctness of his point of view. and that Kaspar Hauser. say. Meyer as . there Schmausz.io6 1834. Dr. involuntarily led into telling me. KASPAR HAUSER when the investigation as to murder was proceedwas no idea of any suspicion of the kind. Hanle. Dr. The has Kaspar Hauser. And he was pected one of the best-known persons there. Meyer was thus . Meyer was then held to be an unimpeachable authority. either at his first appearance or later on. in the course of a conversation I may that lasted for two hours. held the decided opinion that the popular version of Kaspar Hauser's von Feuerbach. very Meyer. a great deal about what had occurred during the two years that Kaspar lived in his house as conversation on who " " always been a curiosity his pupil.

The Judge. and it would be a good thing to have it cleared up. Meyer. Lord lost in . I told him he was quite right. nor when speaking to his father on the subject.APPENDIX 107 well as myself. No impression of the kind. and died in 1868. and meanwhile years rolled on. Did the Acts give you the impression that Lord Stanhope was " the soul and motive-power of all the plots against Kaspar Hauser " ? Schmausz. much is about him. and thought of publishing them. Dr. Since then I have often spoken to his son about it. The Acts show the exact reverse. as the case had grown into a sort of historical problem. Meyer never published his book. But this project fell through . Did you think him capable of an action similar to that imputed to him in Coppenrath's publication ? Schmausz. Neither I nor any one else ever thought of such a thing. The bookseller Seybold in Ansbach soon after announced the forthcoming publication of a Life of Kaspar Hauser^ by Dr. one amazement at the raving lunacy that would make Lord Stanhope out to be a murderer. Hanle. and to clear up the story before the world. and urged him to undertake it as a sort of legacy from his father. Then he told us he had kept notes (at that time about twenty-five years old) about Kaspar Hauser. had I the slightest idea of any suspicion that this work was in- tended to avert. but I can say with perfect sincerity that he entirely convinced me. though they do not contain But when one studies the case. Not in the remotest degree. But I can safely say that neither then.

Schmausz. I never spoke about the Baden Princedom to Dr. Kaspar was not heir Schmausz. In point of not a single thread of evidence that Even supposing connects Ansbach with Karlsruhe. Meyer. that as far as I remember. Hanle. evidently in the best possible intention . As time went on for Lord Stanhope was a noblehearted and benevolent man he grew fond of him. and I cannot conceive how any one could wander so far afield in the realms of imagination as to describe Lord Stanhope as a murderer. Yes that letter was written by Stanhope : at Vienna. to Kaspar Hauser. and I do not think that I mentioned fact. then already wounded. That is proved by the letter Kaspar Hauser received from him on the day of his wound. on the look-out for curiosities and Germany just as such another Englishman might nowadays walk into Pickert's curiosity -shop in Nuremberg. The Judge. at Ansbach. The Judge. it to his son in there is that a prince of Baden had been set aside an it assumption long disproved by Mittelstadt would not follow that a problematical individual who since . but that he was a murderer is perfectly incredible. It had been already stated in the Paris pamphlet. And by the Albersdorf. That was Stanhope was an Englishman. like came : the probable reason of their being brought together. The "Judge. before his departure for Munich. 1868 or 1869. and enacted the part of a father towards him . I to a throne ? may be permitted to remark.io8 KASPAR HAUSER to all Englishmen. and. It is a deplorable hallucination. Lord Stanhope went after Kaspar Hauser.

and far removed from all human habitation. of the two experts. the experts examined before the Commission " incontrovertible that the Do wound gave testimony could not possibly have been self-inflicted " ? Schmausz. As regards that. Albert. Zaehringen must all have been exactly alike . Hdnle (quoting Feuerbach). as stated in Coppenrath's publication. . and the second. a shooting lodge secluded in the depths of a Royal forest.APPENDIX turns 109 up at Nuremberg eighteen years afterwards must be that prince. I is know called Triesdorf very well indeed. that have been made are the princes of the elder line of correct. for at one time Kaspar is so strikingly like one prince that he might be mistaken for him then equally like another prince I and all the assertions : : and finally like a third. that. speak. Hdnle. be Falkenhaus. the first. Otherwise I remember nothing of their report. The yudge. if have studied this question a good deal. a more favourable one. Hauser is. Dr. a canon en miniature" you know whether. and is there a country house near there named Schloss Falkenhaus ? 1 Schmausz. the anonymous publication The 1 house in This is in allusion to another of the random statements contained in The place of Kaspar Hauser's incarceration was discovered to the book. held an unfavourable opinion of Kaspar's statement. One question more Are you acquainted with Triesdorf. likeness to the Feuerbach also discovered cc in him a so to Canon Guttenberg. Horlacher. Hdnle. I only remember it is stated in the Acts. The family likeness would have shown it. Dr. Schmausz.

no etc. Is the Unschlittsplatz in Nuremberg near the gate by which you enter in coming from Neumarkt ? Schmausz.no KASPAR HAUSER Falkenhaus by Triesdorf. During the thirty years over which recollections extend. Frauenthor. That is an incorrect deTriesdorf is a Royal park. Schmausz. and there a garrison at that time in the place ? Schmausz. His first word was "Bua (lad). Within this are a number of dwelling-houses. It is supposed that Hauser came from Neumarkt. I don't doubt that there was a garrison am pretty sure there was once from the year a Prussian garrison. and enclosed by a brick scription. forming a kind of village little villas. I have no doubt there was one previously. and sur- rounded by gardens and shrubberies. May ask whether you read the Acts. only about a rifleshot distant. at He never learnt that at Triesdorf. A broad carriage road passes through Triesdorf and leads to Weidenbach. Hdnle. The Judge. Is Falkenhaus on the high road ? Schmausz. He spoke Low Bavarian. . wall. nor I Nuremberg Adlmann. Hank. more isolated than the house we are in now. From Neumarkt you enter by the From a greater distance there to the Unschlittsplatz there is perhaps a quarter of an hour's drive. but I cannot speak of my own knowledge. either. The Judge. Was then. No. there has always 1792 my been a garrison at Triesdorf. In the midst of these stands Falkenhaus. public-houses. " Hdnle. about an hour and a half's drive in circuit.

"who would then " or buy the book ? I said at the time. as I my engaged wished to inform myself regarding this I naturally did not took an interest in it. and these contained nothing that was discovered in Communications therefore new to me.APPENDIX in far do they correor merely looked them over ? spond with the Authentic Communications ? How am Schmausz. really disappeared ? Schmausz. if publish they are not published word for word. Stanhope mentions a noteworthy expression of his " regarding them. self says perfectly clear. Have not the Acts. Feuerbach once said to him. from Acts militated against Feuerbach him- they contain a number of anachronisms. the book first appeared. Hanle." "But. versed in criminal law. or some part of them. case. life and have been I read these gigantic masses of evidence through from beginning to end. all I a practical "Kriin read- minalist. " I only wish you had published the Acts in full. Those Acts ought to be burned When one studies those Acts one begins to think that Kaspar Hauser was a ! liar " ! 1 That is. that these the view he took of Kaspar Hauser. for something or other has been suppressed." ing Acts. They found an easier way than the Acts are said to have disappeared at Vienna. it will be alleged that that. . The magisterial Acts in Nuremberg have disappeared. Adlmann. * I read them. But it is Feuerbach's book. I said to Dr. Nor have I either changes or omissions. word for them When word. but I read every Act I considered of importance. Meyer." Meyer objected.

but he expressly adds. Here stiletto in follows a long account of the finding of a the Hofgarten (see p. held that I opinion. tells have Heidenreich's finding here. Adlmann.112 KASPAR HAUSER Adlmann. named Pausch. Albert. THE END Printed by R. and that in the plainest even Daumer's book admits this possible words that the possibility of a suicide could not be kept out of view. 57). CLARK. Are you aware that Dr. Edinburgh. I only know it as a fact from having read it either in the Acts or the Communications. Heidenreich was the first doctor who examined Kaspar Hauser after he had received his first wound ? Schmausz. as well as Dr. the theory of suicide was inadmissible And you are likewise aware who made this examination. It us that he. . held that Schmausz. Heidenreich. by a forester etc. & R. ? that Dr.


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