Tense Chart For translation from Punjabi to English Tense ਹਾ ਵਾਚਕ Positive Present Indefinite Present Conitunuous Present

Perfect Present Perfect Continuous Past Indefinite ਦਾ ਹੈ, ਦੇ ਹੈ, ਦੀ ਹੈ, ਦੇ ਹਨ ਿਿਹਾ ਹੈ, ਿਹੀ ਹੈ, ਿਹੇ ਹਨ, ਿਿਹਾ ਹਾ ਚੁਕਾ ਹੈ, ਚੁਕੀ ਹੈ, ਚੁਕੇ ਹਨ ਿਿਹਾ ਹੈ, ਿਹੀ ਹੈ, ਿਹੇ ਹਨ, ਿਿਹਾ ਹਾ with point of time ਆ, ਏ, ਈ has been , have been7
6

ਪਿਹਚਾਨ

Helping Verb

Form of the verb

Verb + ?

ਨਾੰਹਵਾਚਕ Negative helping verb

ਪਰਸ਼ਨ ਵਾਚਕ Interrogative

ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ Is3, am4 , are5 has , have
6 7

first

Verb+S ਜਾ es in third person singular Verb+ing

do not1, does not2 Is not, am not, are not has not, have not has not been, have not been did not, First form of the verb was not, were not had not

Helping verb do1, does2 subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Helping Verb Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Helping Verb Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Helping Verb Has, Have Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾੰ Heping verb did ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ with first form of the verb Heping verb ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Heping verb ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Heping verb had ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ

first

third

ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ +ing with since or for. Since with certainity and for with uncertainity ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ

first

ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ

second

Past Continuous Past Perfect

ਿਿਹਾ ਸੀ, ਿਹੇ ਸੀ, ਿਹੇ ਸਨ ਚੁਕਾ ਸੀ, ਚੁਕੇ ਸੀ, ਚੁਕੇ ਸਨ, ਚੁਕੀ ਸੀ ਿਿਹਾ ਸੀ, ਿਹੇ ਸੀ, ਿਹੇ ਸਨ with point of time ਗਾ, ਗੇ, ਗੀ ਿਿਹਾ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ, ਿਹੀ ਹੋਵੇਗੀ, ਿਹੇ ਹੋਵਨਗੇ ਚੁਕਾ ਹੋਗਾ, ਚੁਕੇ ਹੋਗ, ੇ ਚੁਕੀ ਹੋਗੀ ਿਿਹਾ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ, ਿਹੀ ਹੋਵੇਗੀ, ਿਹੇ ਹੋਵਨਗੇ

was8, were9 had
10

first

Verb+ing

third
10

ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ Verb+ing with since or for. Since with certainity and for with uncertainity ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ verb+ing

Past Perfect Continuous

had been

first

had not been

Future Indefinite Future continuous

shall11, will12 shall be , will be12
11

first

shall not, will not shall not be, will not be

Heping verb ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Heping verb Shall or Will ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Heping verb Shall or Will ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ ਪਿਹਲਾ Heping verb Shall or Will ਦਾ ਇਸਤੇਮਾਲ Subject ਤੋ

first

Future Perfect

shall have11, will have12 shall have been11, will have been12

third

ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀ

shall have not, will have not shall not have been, will not have been

Future Perfect Continuous

first

ਪਿਹਲਾ with point of time Sentence is made in the form of SVO i.e. Subject, Verb, Object. First Person Singular: I, Plural=We. Second Person: You. Third Person Singular: He, She. Third Person Plural=They and Any thing other than I, We and You either in singualar or plural. 1. With First, Second person singular and third person plural subject. 2. With Third person singular subject. 3. With 3rd person singular. 4. With 1st person singular 5. With second person, first, third person plural. 6 with third person singular. 7 with first, second person singular, plural and third person plural. 8. First, third person singular. 9 with second, first, third person plural. 10 with all persons 11. With first person singular, plural. 12 with Second, third person singular plural. From Government High School, Village Post office Rohjari, Tehsil Bhogpur, Distt. Jalandhar.

verb+ing with since or for. Since with certainity and for with uncertainity

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