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Pronouns

For sure your young learners and probably adults do confuse these words "I, my, me, mine, / you, your, yours, etc. Don't blame them so much. These words are truly confusing. Sometimes we even confuse them more by using those "big" words that refer to these "small" words: Subject /Object Personal Pronouns, Possessive adjectives / Pronouns, etc. Put all these terms aside and try the following game: Step 1. Tell them you're going to teach them a poem. (My second graders call it the "Toy Poem"). Step 2. Let them copy these four sentences in their notebooks as you write them on the board too.

I have a toy The toy is for me It is my toy The toy is mine


Step 3. Ask them to highlight the words "I" in line one, "me" in line two, "my" in line three and "mine" in line four. They could highlight these words or circle them or write them in colours, etc. any way to show that these words are the focus. Step 4. Get them to say the four lines repeatedly until it becomes a very easy poem to recite. The call that verse 1 of the song or poem. Step 5. Then tell them that the poem has other versions. Then change the "I" in line one to "you" and let them see how the other words that were highlighted change too. Hence verse 2 of the poem: You have a toy The toy is for you It is your toy The toy is yours Step 6. This second verse should be easier for them to recite Step 7. Depending on the level of your kids and how fast they can memorize, move on to the other versions with "He", "She", "It", "We", "They" and "Jack" In all you will have 8versions. Version 8 is for you to teach how to use the apostrophe's. Step 8. Teach version 8 only when your kids are already very used to the game. It goes thus: Jack has a toy The toy is for Jack It is Jack's toy The toy is jack's Step 9. By now your kids should be playing with the poem and some of them replacing the word toy with other nouns like book, pen, house, candy, etc. Push them to try with any other words they would like. In fact they are about to master four solid sentence structures that will help them at all levels both in writing and in speaking. Step 10. Writing activity. Make a chart of Possessives for the classroom. Students will have to make individual charts and then jointly make a giant one of the classroom. The chart has four columns and eight rows. Check it out on the section of worksheets.

Types of Pronouns
There are four types of pronouns: Subject Pronouns, Object Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns and Demonstrative Pronouns. Here is a list and explanation showing the different types of pronouns:

Subject Pronouns - I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they function as the subject of a sentence: I live in New York. Do you like playing tennis? He doesn't want to come this evening. She works in London. It won't be easy. We are studying pronouns at the moment. You went to Paris last year, didn't you? They bought a new car last month.

Object Pronouns - me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them serve as the object of a verb. Give me the book. He told you to come tonight. She asked him to help. They visited her when they came to New York. She bought it at the store. He picked us up at the airport. The teacher asked you to finish your homework. I invited them to a party.

Possessive Pronouns - mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs show that something belongs to someone. Note that the possessive pronouns are similar to possessive adjectives (my, his, her). The difference is that the object follows the possessive adjective but does not follow the possessive pronoun. For example - Possessive Pronoun: That book is mine. - Possessive Adjective: That is my book. That house is mine. This is yours. I'm sorry, that's his. Those books are hers. Those students are ours. Look over there, those seats are yours. Theirs will be green.

Demonstrative Pronouns - this, that, these, those refer to things. 'this' and 'these' refer to something that is near. 'that' and 'those' refer to things that are farther away. This is my house. That is our car over there. These are my colleagues in this room. Those are beautiful flowers in the next field.

Possessive Adjectives Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their are often confused with possessive pronouns. The possessive adjective modifies the noun following it in order to show possession. I'll get my books. Is that your car over there? That is his teacher, Mr Jones. I want to go to her store. Its colour is red. Can we bring our children? You are welcome to invite your families. They bought their children a lot of presents.

Pronouns Quiz 1
Mia left ......... notebook on the bus. (a) her (b) yours (c) his The colourful picture of the flowers is .......... (a) their (b) your (c) mine The proud parents brought home ......... new baby girl. (a) his (b) her (c) their William strummed ......... guitar and invited everyone to sing. (a) his (b) its (c) her The computer quickly stores information on ......... huge memory. (a) yours (b) theirs

(c) its These warm chocolate chip cookies melt in ......... mouth. (a) its (b) your (c) yours

Is ......... seat belt always fastened? (a) your (b) mine (c) its The fluffy brown puppy is .......... (a) its (b) my (c) theirs ......... hand shot up when the teacher asked for volunteers. (a) Their (b) Her (c) Mine I didn't get a cheeseburger, so I tasted .......... (a) mine (b) its

(c) hers

Pronouns Quiz 2
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

It belongs to me, it's ____ It belongs to my father, it's ____ It belongs to her, it's ____ It belongs to Mr and Mrs Smith, it's ____ It belongs to me and my wife, it's ____ It belongs to my mother, it's ____ It belongs to him, it's ____ It belongs to you, it's ____ It belongs to the dog, it's ____ belongs to them, it's ____

10. It