1
Section A
1. Find the coefficient of
5
x in the expansion of
9
(2 ) x .
(4 marks)
2. Consider the following system of linear equation in x, y, z
7 7 0
3 0
2 0
x y z
x ky z
x y kz
+ =
+ =
+ + =
}
.
(b)
In Figure 1, the shaded region is bounded by the curves
2
2
x
y = and
2
x
y e
= , where
1 2 x s s . Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the shaded region about
the yaxis.
(5 marks)
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
3
Section B
11. Let
1 0
A
+  
=

\ .
where and are distinct numbers. Let I be the 2 2
identity matrix.
(a) Show that
2
( ) A A I = + .
(2 marks)
(b) Using (a), or otherwise, show that
2
( ) ( )( ) A I A I = and
2
( ) ( )( ) A I A I = .
(3 marks)
(c) Let ( ) X s A I = and ( ) Y t A I = where s and t are real numbers.
Suppose A X Y = + .
(i) Find s and t in terms of and .
(ii) For any positive integer n, prove that
( )
n
n
X A I
and ( )
n
n
Y A I
.
(iii) For any positive integer n, express
n
A in the form of pA qI + , where p and q are
real numbers.
[Note: It is known that for any 2 2 matrices H and K, if
0 0
0 0
HK KH
 
= =

\ .
,
then ( )
n n n
H K H K + = + for any positive integer n.]
(9 marks)
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
4
12.
Let OA = i
, OB = j
and OC = + + i j k
.
(ii) Find the values of a and b.
(iii) Find the shortest distance between the straight lines AB and OC.
(8 marks)
(b) (i) Find AB AC
.
(ii) Let G be the projection of O on the plane ABC, find the coordinates of the
intersecting point of the two straight lines OG and MN.
(5 marks)
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
5
13. (a) Let ( ) f x be an odd function for p x p s s , where p is a positive constant.
Prove that
2
0
( ) 0
p
f x p dx =
}
.
Hence evaluate
 
2
0
( )
p
f x p q dx +
}
, where q is a constant.
(4 marks)
(b) Prove that
3 tan
1 3 tan 6
2
3 tan
6
x
x
x
 
+

+
\ .
=
 

\ .
.
(2 marks)
(c) Using (a) and (b), or otherwise, evaluate
( )
3
0
ln 1 3 tan x dx
+
}
.
(4 marks)
14. (a)
In Figure 3, the shaded region enclosed by the circle
2 2
25 x y + = , the xaxis and the
straight line y = h (where 0 5 h s s ) is revolved about the yaxis. Show that the volume
of the solid of revolution is
3
25
3
h
h
 

\ .
.
(2 marks)
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
6
14. (cont)
(b) In Figure 4, an empty coffee cup consists of two portions. The lower portion is in the
shape of the solid described in (a) with height 4 cm. The upper portion is a frustum of
a circular cone. The height of the frustum is 8 cm. The radius of the top if the cup is 6
cm. Hot coffee is poured into the cup to a depth h cm at a rate of 8 cm
3
s
1
, where
0 12 h s s . Let V cm
3
be the volume of coffee in the cup.
(i) Find the rate of increase of the depth of coffee when the depth is 3 cm.
(ii) Show that
4
164 3
( 4)
3 64
V h
= + + for 4 12 h s s .
(iii) After the cup is fully filled, suddenly it cracks at the bottom. The coffee leaks at
a rate of 2 cm
3
s
1
. Find the rate of decrease of the depth of coffee after 15
seconds of leaking, giving your answer correct to 3 significant figures.
(11 marks)
End of Paper
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
7
Solution
1. The term with
5
x is
9 4 5
5
(2) ( ) C x
Coefficient of
5
x is
9 4
5
(2) 2016 C =
2.
1 7 7 1 7 7
7 4
1 3 0 7 4 0
5 14
2 1 0 15 14
k
k k
k
k k
+
A = = + = =
( 7)( 14) 60 0 k k + + + =
2
21 38 0 k k + =
2 k = or 19 k =
3.
1
4 15(1) 1 18 2 9 + = = , which is divisible by 9.
Assume for some positive integers k, 4 15( ) 1 9
k
k M + = where M is an integer.
When 1 n k = + ,
1
4 15( 1) 1 4(9 1 15 ) 15 15 1 9(4 5 2)
k
k M k k M k
+
+ + = + + + = + , which is divisible by 9.
Proved by induction, 4 15 1
n
n + is divisible by 9 for all positive integers n.
4. (a)
2 2 2 2
2
sin
2
2tan 2sin cos
cos
L.H.S. sin 2 R.H.S.
sin 1 tan sin cos
1
cos
= = = = =
+ +
+
(b)
2 2
2 2 2
(1 ) 1 2 2
1
1 1 1
x x x x
x x x
+ + +
= = +
+ + +
Using (a), consider
2
2
(1 )
1 sin 2
1
x
x
+
= +
+
where tan x =
Since x is real, is also real, so 1 sin 2 1 s s for all real
2
2
(1 )
1 (1) 2
1
x
x
+
s + =
+
. Hence the greatest value of
2
2
(1 )
1
x
x
+
+
is 2.
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
8
5. (a)
( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)
cos( 1) cos( 1) 2cos cos 2cos1cos
2 2
x x x x
x x x
+ + +
+ + = =
Since 2cos1cos cos x k x = , 2cos1 k =
(b)
cos1 cos 2 cos3 cos1 cos3 cos 2 cos3
cos 4 cos5 cos 6 cos 4 cos 6 cos5 cos6
cos 7 cos8 cos9 cos 7 cos9 cos8 cos9
+
= +
+
( )
1 3 1
C C C +
2cos1cos 2 cos 2 cos3
2cos1cos5 cos5 cos 6
2cos1cos8 cos8 cos9
= (Using (a))
= 0
6.
2
0 0 0
1 1
1 1 ( ) 1 1 1
lim lim lim
( ) ( ) ( 0)
h h h
d x x h
x h x
dx x h h x x h x x h x x x
( +  
+
= = = = =
 (
+ + +
\ .
7. (a) '( ) (cos sin ) (sin cos ) 2 cos
x x x
f x e x x x x e e x = + + =
''( ) 2 sin 2 cos
x x
f x e x e x = +
(b) 2 sin 2 cos
x x
e x e x + 2 cos
x
e x sin cos 0
x x
e x e x + + =
x
e cos
x
x e = sin x [ 0
x
e = for all real x]
tan 1 x =
4
x
=
8. (a) Let 2sin x = , 2cos dx d =
1
2 2
2cos 2cos
sin
2cos 2
4 4 4sin
dx d d x
d C C
x
 
= = = = + = +

\ .
} } } }
(b)
1
ln ln ln ln ln ln xdx x x xd x x x x dx x x dx x x x C
x
= = = = +
} } } }
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
9
9. 2 4 0
dy dy
x x y y
dx dx
=
2
4
dy x y
dx x y
=
+
Let (a, b) be the contact points,
( , )
2
2
4
a b
dy a b
dx a b
= =
+
0 b =
To find a,
2 2
(0) 2(0) 1 0 a a =
1 a =
The contact points are (1, 0) and ( 1, 0) .
The equation of tangent at (1, 0) is
0
2
1
y
x
2 2 0 x y =
The equation of tangent at ( 1, 0) is
0
2
1
y
x
=
+
2 2 0 x y + =
10. (a)
( )
2 2 2
2
1 1
2 2
x x x
xe dx e d x e C
= = +
} }
(b)
2 2
2 3
2 2 2
1 1 1
Volume 2 2 2
2 2
x x
x x
x e dx dx xe dx
 
= =

\ .
} } }
c
2
2
2
4
1
1
4 1
1
4
1 1
(16) (1)
4 4
x
x e
e e
(
(
= +
(
(
( = +
(
4 1
15
4
e e
= + sq. units
11. (a)
2
1 0 1 0
A
+ +   
=
 
\ .\ .
( ) ( )
( )
2
 
+ +
= 

+
\ .
( ) ( )
( )
2
0
0
0
 
  + +
= + 


+
\ .
\ .
( )
1 0
1 0 0 1
+    
= +
 
\ . \ .
( ) A I = +
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
10
11. (b)
2
( ) ( )( ) A I A I A I =
2
2 2
2
2
2
( ) 2
( ) ( )
( )( )
AA AI IA II
A A I
A I A I
A A I I
A I
A I
= +
= +
= + +
= +
=
=
Similarly,
2 2 2
( ) 2 A I A A I = +
2
( ) 2
( ) ( )
( )( )
A I A I
A I
A I
= + +
=
=
(c) (i) ( ) ( ) A X Y s A I t A I = + = +
1 0 1 1
s t
+      
= +
  
\ . \ . \ .
1 0
s t s t
s t s t
+ +    
=
 
+
\ . \ .
...........(1)
1 ........................(2)
........................(3)
s t
s t
s t
+ = +
= +
From (1) and (3),
t
t
 
+ = +

\ .
2 2
( )
t
+
= =
From (2), 1 1 s t
= = =
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
11
11. (c) (ii) ( ) ( ) X s A I A I
= =
and ( ) ( ) Y t A I A I
= =
Assume for some positive integers n,
( )
k
k
X A I
and ( )
k
k
Y A I
.
When 1 n k = + ,
1
1 2
2
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
k k
k k
X X X A I A I A I
+
+
= = =
1
2
( )( )
( )
k
A I
+
=
[Using (b)]
1
( )
k
A I
+
=
1
1 2
2
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
k k
k k
Y Y Y A I A I A I
+
+
= = =
1
2
( )( )
( )
k
A I
+
=
[Using (b)]
1
( )
k
A I
+
=
Proved by induction, ( )
n
n
X A I
and ( )
n
n
Y A I
for all
positive integer n.
(iii) Check
2
( )( ) ( ) XY st A I A I st A I ( = = + +
 
( ) ( )
0 0
0 0
st A I I = + + +
 
=

\ .
Similarly,
0 0
0 0
YX
 
=

\ .
( ) ( ) ( )
n n
n n n n
A X Y X Y A I A I
= + = + = +
n n n n
A I
   
= + + +
 
\ . \ .
n n n n
A I
   
= +
 
\ . \ .
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
12
12. (a) (i) MN ON OMs =
( )
  ( ) ( )
( 1) ( )
bOC OA aAB
b a
a b b a b
= +
= + + +
= + + +
i j k i j i
i j k
(ii) Since MN AB
, 0 MN AB  =
  ( 1) ( ) ( ) 0 a b b a b + + +  = i j k j i
( 1) ( ) 0 a b b a + + =
1
2
a =
Since MN OC
, 0 MN OC  =
  ( 1) ( ) ( ) 0 a b b a b + + +  + + = i j k i j k
( 1) ( ) 0 a b b a b + + + =
1
3
b =
(iii) Since MN is perpendicular to both AB and OC,
the required shortest distance is MN
.
2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1 6
1
2 3 3 2 3 6
MN
     
= + + + =
  
\ . \ . \ .
units
(b) (i) AB = j i
, AC OC OA = = + + = + i j k i j k
1 1 0
0 1 1
AB AC = = +
i j k
i j k
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
13
12. (b) (ii) ( ) + i j k is a vector perpendicular to the plane ABC,
Note that OG
Let R be the point of intersection of OG and MN, and we let ( ) OR = + i j k
,
where is a nonzero real constant.
RN ON OR =
1
( ) ( )
3
1 1 1
3 3 3
= + + +
     
= + + +
  
\ . \ . \ .
i j k i j k
i j k
1 1 1 1 1
1
2 3 3 2 3
MN
     
= + + +
  
\ . \ . \ .
i j k
1 1 1
6 6 3
= + i j k
Consider // RN MN
(since R is a point on MN)
1 1
3 3
1 1
6 3
   
+
 
\ . \ .
=
1 =
Hence R = (1,1, 1)
13. (a) Let u x p = , du dx = . When 2 x p = , u p = ;when 0 x = , u p =
2 0
0 0
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
p p p
p p
f x p dx f u du f u du f u du
= = +
} } } }
For
0
( )
p
f u du
}
, let v u = , dv du = , When 0 u = , 0 v = ;when u p = , v p =
0 0 0
( ) ( )( ) ( )
p p p
f u du f v dv f v dv
= =
} } }
(since ( ) f x is odd for p x p s s )
Hence
2 0
0 0
( ) ( ) ( )
p p
p
f x p dx f v dv f u du = +
} } }
0 0
( ) ( ) 0
p p
f x dx f x dx = + =
} }
 
2 2
0 0
( ) 0 2
p p
f x p q dx q dx pq + = + =
} }
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
14
13. (b)
tan tan
6
3
3 tan
1 tan tan
6
6
tan tan
3 tan
6 6
3
1 tan tan
6
x
x
x
x
x
x
+
 
+
+ 
\ .
=
 

\ .
+
1 1
3 1 tan tan
3 3
1 1
3 1 tan tan
3 3
x x
x x
   
+ +
 
\ . \ .
=
   
+
 
\ . \ .
1
3 2tan
3
1
3
3
x +
=
+
3 1 2 3 tan
3 1
x +
=
+
1 3 tan
2
x +
=
(c)
( )
3 tan
1 3 tan 6
ln 1 3 tan ln ln 2 ln ln 2
2
3 tan
6
x
x
x
x
(  
+
 (
 
+
\ .
( + = + = +


 
(
\ .

(
\ .
Let
3 tan
( ) ln
3 tan
x
f x
x
(
+
=
(
, where
6 6
x
s s
Since
( )
( )
3 tan
3 tan
( ) ln ln
3 tan 3 tan
x
x
f x
x x
(
( +
= = (
(
+
(
1
3 tan 3 tan
ln ln ( )
3 tan 3 tan
x x
f x
x x
( (
+ +
= = =
( (
,
( ) f x is odd function for
6 6
x
s s
Hence
( )
3 3
0 0
3 tan
6
ln 1 3 tan ln ln 2
3 tan
6
x
x dx dx
x
( (  
+
(  (
\ .
( ( + = +
  ( (

( (
\ .
} }
3
0
ln 2
6
f x dx
(
 
=
 (
\ .
}
2 ln 2 ln 2
6 3
 
= =

\ .
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
15
14. (a)
3 3
2 2
0 0
0
Volume (25 ) 25 25
3 3
h
h h
y h
x dy y dy y h
(  
= = = =
 (
\ .
} }
(b) (i)
3
25
3
h
V h
 
=

\ .
for 0 4 h s s
( )
2
25
dV dh
h
dt dt
=
( )
2
3
8 25 3
h
dh
dt
=
=
3
1
2
h
dh
dt
=
=
The required rate of increase of the depth of coffee is
1
2
cm s
1
.
(ii)
From the figure, the required volume V is given by
3
2 2
4 1 1
25(4) ( ) ( 4) (3) (8)
3 3 3
V r h
 
= + +

\ .
where
( 4)
3 8
r h +
=
2
164 1 3( 4)
( 4)
3 3 8
h
h
+ (
= + +
(
3
164 3
( 4)
3 64
h
= + + where 0 12 h s s
HKDSE Practice Paper 2012 Mathematics (Module 2)
16
15. (b) (iii) The total volume of the cup is
3
164 3 740
(12 4)
3 64 3
= + + = cm
3
After 15 seconds of leaking, the depth of coffee is given by
3
740 164 3
30 ( 4)
3 3 64
h
= + +
3
3
192 30 ( 4)
64
h
= +
11.73021845 h ~ cm
2
9
( 4)
64
dV dh
h
dt dt
= +
2
15
9
2 (11.73021845 4)
64
t
dh
dt
=
~ +
15
0.018295659
t
dh
dt
=
~ cm s
1
The required rate of decrease of the coffee is 0.0183 cm s
1
End of Solution
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