You are on page 1of 20

Study

Guide
This study guide has been prepared for those who wish to use our film KJB The Book that Changed the World as the center of a class or homeschool unit. The sections can be used either as quizzes (an answer key is provided) or simply as discussion questions. We have also included some fun activities e.g., the "Match these Verses" section. Please use this in whichever way you find most helpful. And enjoy this amazing historic story, as you learn more about our common Western heritage.

Comprehension

Section 1.
DVD Chapters 1&2 (approx 9.30 long) IN THE BEGINNING 1. Why was the year 1603 a time of danger and uncertainty for Britain? 2. Who were the three main front-runners for the English throne? 3. Why was James called King James the Sixth and First? 4. Who lived at Hatfield House? 5. What was his role in the Court of Queen Elizabeth I? 6. Which front-runner did Sir Robert Cecil wish to see as the next ruler of England? 7. But whose choice was it? 8. Where exactly did Queen Elizabeth die? 9. In what year did the Queen die?

Section 2.
DVD Chapters 3, 4, 5 & 6 (approx 24 mins long) THE EARLY YEARS 1. Who was first to take the news to James that he was to be King of England? 2. How did he travel? 3. What were the two American places that were named after English monarchs. 4. What Christian denomination was James born into? 5. What Christian denomination was James adopted into? 6. How old was James when he became King of Scotland? 7. Where did the great coronation take place? 8. Who preached the coronation sermon? 9. Who was in charge of Scotland while James was still a child? 10. What was the name of Jamess tutor? 11. How old was Anne of Denmark when she set sail for Scotland to marry James? 12. What happened on her journey? 13. what military action did James offer Queen Elizabeth his full support? For 14. James took increasing control of his country, what did he command his squabbling As nobles to do? 15. Where did James attend the Great National Church Assembly in 1601? 16. What idea was first suggested there?

Section 3.

DVD Chapters 7, 8 & 9 (approx 24 mins long) JAMES AND THE TWO WARRING FACTIONS 1. When James arrived in England to become King what were the two main religious factions waiting for him? 2

2. Describe their differences. 3. Name the two different Bibles used by the two groups. 4. Explain why James was dissatisfied with both of these Bibles. 5. Why did the Puritans go to James with a petition? 6. How many signatures were on their petition and who exactly signed it? 7. What did James agree to do? 8. What was the Bishops reaction to this and why? 9. Who was the supreme head of the Church of England? 10. Name three of the Puritans requests. 11. What was Jamess great master stroke to bring unity between the groups? 12. Why was Bishop Bancroft so suspicious of the Puritans? 13. How did James ensure that no one side would have more influence than the other? 14. What is the name of the Archbishop of Canterburys residence? 15. What old book do we discover there?

Section 4
DVD Chapters 10, 11, 12a. (approx 13mins 15) GUNPOWDER, TREASON AND PLOT 1. Who was behind the gunpowder plot? 2. Who was Guy Fawkes? 3. What denomination were the gunpowder plotters? 4. What were their grievances? 5. What did they want to achieve? 6. What was their first plan? 7. Why was this plan abandoned? 3

8. What date was the explosion finally planned for and why? 9. How was the plot discovered? 10. What do British people still do every year to celebrate the discovery of the plot?

Section 5

DVD Chapters 13 to the end TRANSLATION AND BEYOND 1. Name some of the things we know about the translator Sir Henry Saville? 2. In which college library are his books still kept? 3. What did King James say about the Bodleian Library? 4. What has been discovered in the Bodleian Library recently? 5. How long did it take to translate the King James Bible? 6. Approximately how many scholars were involved? 7. Who wrote the Preface to the King James Bible? 8. Where was he Bishop? 9. In what year was the King James Version of the Bible published? 10. Who was the publisher? 11. What was disappointing when the Bible was finally put on sale? 12. In the montage section (where John Rhys-Davies reads short sections from the Bible), can you find the references for 5 of the verses read out loud? 13. Where was King James buried? 14. What is surprising about his grave? 15. What is in the strange museum tucked away in Westminster Abbey? 16. What is the true monument to King James? 4

Discussion/Research Questions
There is no divinity in a King! Was James right in suggesting that he and God were the only true ultimate powers needed to rule a nation? Research the difference between the UK and the US with regards to the power of the Church and the power of the State. In the 1600s how do you think you would set about collecting 1000 signatures from a widespread scattering of British clergy? Why do you think there are lots of different translations of the Bible in the world today? What exactly is the State Opening of Parliament and what is involved? Do you think that Henry Garnett, the priest who took the plotters final confession, should have broken the silence of the confessional and told the King of the terrorists activities? What is the traditional name, still used today, for the evening of fireworks and fun where British people still celebrate their victory over the gunpowder plot?

Terms to Know and Spell


Denominations: Presbyterian: Presbytery: Catholic:

A word used to describe branches of the Christian Church. A protestant church governed by elders according to the teachings of Calvin. A ruling body of church elders and ministers representing the church. (Also Roman Catholic) A Christian denomination under the authority of the Pope. The acts of private confession and praying to Mary and the saints are among the many doctrines and practices which make Catholicism distinct from Protestantism.

Jesuits: Protestant:

A strict and learned Roman Catholic order of priests. A broad grouping of Christian denominations. Separate from the Catholic faith. Protestants follow the principles of the Reformation and center their beliefs on the authority of scripture.

Regent: Epiphany: Puritan: Bishop: Parliament:

A person appointed to govern the country while the actual monarch is too young to rule for themselves. Alternatively a Regent can be appointed when the monarch is absent or ill. The revealing of Christ to the Gentiles. Strict protestant Christians who followed the reformation, basing their faith firmly on the Bible. They believed worship should be simplified and purified and that personal and group piety was important. A ruling authority figure within the church. A group of representatives and political leaders under the ultimate authority of the monarch. They governed the country from the Palace of Westminster in separate groupings the House of Commons and the House of Lords. It is still the same today. A printed introduction at the start of a book.

Preface

Characters
Queen Elizabeth Known as Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 24 March 1603), The daughter of King Henry VIII, she ruled England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen since she never married or had children. Sir Robert Cecil Elizabeths Chief Minister and advisor. Rightfully known as the most powerful man in England.

Sir Robert Carey A poverty-stricken English noble who took the news of Elizabeths death to James, hoping for a large reward. King James James VI & I (19 June 1566 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI from 24 July 1567. On 24 March 1603, he also became King of England and Ireland as James I when he inherited the English and Irish crown from his aunt, Elizabeth. 6

George Buchanan Tutor to James from 1570 1578. A great intellectual, writer, poet and playwright. A staunch Protestant and product of the Reformation. Mary Queen of Scots 8 December 1542 8 February 1587. Also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland. Queen regnant of Scotland from 14 December 1542 - 24 July 1567 and queen consort of France from 10 July 1559 - 5 December 1560. Forced to abdicate the Scottish throne due to her strong Catholicism and private scandals. She was imprisoned for many years before being beheaded in 1587. Anne of Denmark 12 December 1574 2 March 1619) After marrying James in 1589 she became Queen consort of Scotland, England and Ireland, wife of King James VI & I and mother to his children. Bishop Bancroft Richard Bancroft was known as the Hammer of the Puritans in his earlier years. He eventually became Archbishop of Canterbury and the chief overseer of the translation of the authorized version of the Bible. He died in 1610. Bishop Andrewes Lancelot Andrewes was an English clergyman and brilliant scholar who held high positions in the Church of England and was one of the main translators of the King James Bible. John Reynolds The most prominent representative of the Puritan party. He had originally been a Catholic priest before his conversion to Protestantism.

Laurence Chaderton Another prominent Puritan and gifted translator. He and Reynolds were the two main Puritan representatives at the Hampton Court Conference. 7

Guy Fawkes Also known as Guido Fawkes. A mercenary soldier well known for planning and preparing the failed Gunpowder Plot.

Francis Tresham The Gunpowder plotter who is believed to have sent an anonymous letter to his brother-in-law Lord Monteagle, warning him about the plot and urging him to stay at home on the day of the planned explosion. Lord Monteagle Received a letter warning of the gunpowder plot and passed it on to Sir Robert Cecil.

Robert Barker The printer responsible for producing the early copies of the King James Bible.

Dates
1566 1567 1570 1601 1603 1603 1604 1605 1611 19th June. Birth of James in Edinburgh Castle. James crowned King of Scotland aged 13 months. George Buchanan starts to tutor James. National Assembly of the Holy Kirk held in Burntisland, where the idea of a new translation of the Bible was first suggested. 26th March. Death of Queen Elizabeth. 25th July. James is crowned King of England. The Hampton Court Conference, where King James commissioned a new translation of the Bible from its original texts. The Gunpowder Plot. The Publication of the new King James Bible. 8

Match these Verses


These famous verses from the King James Bible have the wrong reference next to them. Can you draw a line from the verse to the correct reference?

And God said, Let there be light In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth You are the salt of the earth He gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in Him She brought forth her first born Son and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes He that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven

Matthew 5:7 John 11:25 Matthew 5:13. Genesis 1:3.

Genesis 1:1. Matthew 5:9 John 2:16 Luke 2:7 Matthew 5:8

10

Phrases
Many common phrases in use everyday in the English language come from the King James Bible. Have you heard any of these before?
A cross to bear And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. Luke 14:27 A law unto themselves For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves. Romans 2:14 A sign of the times And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times? Matthew 16:3 A soft answer turns away wrath A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger. Proverbs 15:1 A voice crying in the wilderness He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias. John 1:23 Baptism of fire I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. Matthew 3:11 Can a leopard change its spots? Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? Then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil. Jeremiah 13:23

Eye to eye Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion. Isaiah 52:8 Fat of the land And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. Genesis 45:18 Go the extra mile And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. Matthew 5:41 Heart's desire Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. Selah. Psalms 21:2 Holier than thou Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day. Isaiah 65:5 In the twinkling of an eye In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 1 Corinthians 15:52 Law unto themselves For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves. Romans 2:14 Letter of the law Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. 2 Corinthians 3:6

11


M an does not live by bread alone Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Matthew 4.4 M anna from Heaven And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat. Exodus 16:15 Nothing new under the sun The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. Ecclesiastes 1:9 Pride goes before a fall Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18 Put your house in order In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live. II Kings 20:1 Red sky at night; shepherds' delight And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times? Matthew 16:3 Set your teeth on edge But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge. Jeremiah 31:30 Skin of your teeth My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth. Job 19:20 Sour grapes But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge. Jeremiah 31:30 Sweat of your brow In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. Genesis 3:19 Tender mercies Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses; for they have been ever of old. Psalms 25:6 The apple of his eye He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye. Deuteronomy 32:10 The blind leading the blind Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. Matthew 15:14 The fly in the ointment Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour." Ecclesiastes 10:1 The wisdom of Solomon The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. Luke 11:31 Wash your hands of the matter When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Matthew 27:24 You reap what you sow Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. Galatians 6:7

12

Further Reading:

You can find out more about the King James Version of the Bible and the 400th anniversary celebrations at these websites: http://www.kingjamesbibletrust.org/
Watch Prince Charles (current heir to the throne of England) reading some of the King James Bible:

http://www.kingjamesbibletrust.org/the-king-james-bible/john/14 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authorized_King_James_Version http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/King-James-Version-KJV-Bible/ http://www.av1611.org/kjv/kjvhist.html http://kjv400.co.uk/bible-background.php And our own website: http://www.kjbthefilm.com Further Reading: The King James Bible God's Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible by Adam Nicolson King James VI and I and the Reunion of Christendom by W. B. Patterson King James by J. Pauline Croft In the Beginning: The Story of the King James Bible by Alister McGrath Manifold Greatness: The Making of the King James Bible by Helen Moore and Julian Reid The Book of Books: The Radical Impact of the King James Bible 1611-2011 by Lord Melvyn Bragg
13

Answers:
SECTION 1. 1. 1603 was a time of danger and uncertainty for Britain because Queen Elizabeth I was getting old and had no children of her own to succeed her on the throne of England. 2. The three front-runners for the throne of England were: a. Lady Arbella Stuart, Second Cousin to the Queen b. Arch Duchess Isabella, sister to King Philip of Spain c. James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Queen of Scots. 3. King James was called King James sixth and first because he was the sixth King James of Scotland but the first King James of England. 4. Sir Robert Cecil lived at Hatfield House. 5. Sir Robert Cecil was Chief Minister and advisor to Queen Elizabeth. 6. Sir Robert Cecil wanted King James of Scotland to become King of England. 7. The choice was Queen Elizabeths. 8. Queen Elizabeth I died in Richmond Palace. 9. Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603. SECTION 2. 1. Sir Robert Carey took the news to James that he was to be King of England. 2. He travelled by horse and had a string of fresh mounts waiting along the way. 3. The two American places mentioned in the film that were named after English monarchs are Virginia and Jamestown. 4. James was born into the Christian denomination of Roman Catholicism. 5. James was adopted into the Christian denomination of Protestantism. 6. James was 13 months old when he became King of Scotland. 7. Jamess Scottish coronation took place in Stirling at the Church of Holy Rude in 1567. 8. John Knox (the great Scottish reformer) preached the coronation sermon. 14

9. Various Scottish nobles known as Regents ruled Scotland while James was still a child. 10. Jamess tutor was George Buchanan. 11. Anne of Denmark was 14 years old when she set sail for Scotland. 12. Heavy storms drove her back to the coast of Norway. King James set out by boat with 300 followers to rescue her and bring her home. 13. James offered Scottish help to Elizabeth when England was attacked by the Spanish Armada. 14. James commanded his squabbling nobles to walk through Edinburgh, publically holding hands. 15. The National Assembly was held in Burntisland Church. 16. A new translation of the Bible was first suggested at this National Assembly in Burntisland.

SECTION 3. 1. The two main religious factions were the Bishops and the Puritans. 2. The Bishops were the authority figures in the church, known for their wealth and power. The Puritans were fervent believers who wanted a faith based solidly on scripture. 3. The two different Bibles used by the two different groups were the Bishops Bible (used by the Bishops) and the Geneva Bible (used by the Puritans). 4. James thought the Bishops Bible was a lazy translation and academically substandard. James hated the Geneva Bibles side notes with its anti-monarchist interpretations of holy text. 5. The Puritans went to King James with a petition because they felt the church was in urgent need of reform. 6. The Puritans collected 1000 signatures from ordinary clergymen all over England. 7. James agreed to hold a conference to discuss their grievances. 8. The Bishops were furious. They had not been consulted about the calling of the conference and did not believe that their church needed to be reformed. 15

9. The ruling monarch (the King or Queen of England) is the supreme head of the Church of England. During this time it was King James. 10. The Puritans wished to address many things, including: The wording of the Wedding Service. A joint council with the Bishops. The use of wedding rings. Making the sign of the cross. Bowing (in church services). A new translation of the Bible. One version to be read across the land. 11. James made sure that the Bishops and Puritans had to work together to generate a new translation of the Bible. 12. Bishop Bancroft thought that the Puritans would slip their doctrinal errors into every page. 13. A series of checks and balances were set up to filter all translation work in order to guarantee their accuracy and academic quality. 14. Lambeth Palace was (and still is) the home of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 15. We discover an early hand-written translation of the Epistles of Paul the Apostle.

SECTION 4. 1. Discontented Catholic nobles both financed and planned the gunpowder plot. 2. Guy Fawkes was a lowborn mercenary who was hired to organize the attack. 3. The gunpowder plotters were all Catholic. 4. Catholics had no power or place in ruling the country or in the newly established Church of England which had broken with the Catholic Church of Rome some 40 years before and which was now the official church of royalty and power. 5. They wanted to wipe the slate clean and start again, but with only Catholics in power. 6. Their first plan was to dig a tunnel under the Houses of Parliament and blow up the great State Opening event with all its powerful guests and rulers. 7. They abandoned the tunnel when they suddenly had the option to rent a cellar directly under the Houses of Parliament. 16

8. The plotters planned their attack for November 5th 1605. This was the day of the State Opening of Parliament. 9. The plot was discovered when one of the plotters, Francis Tresham, wrote a warning letter to his brother-in-law, Lord Monteagle, who alerted Sir Robert Cecil. 10. Today British people still burn a home made effigy of Guy Fawkes on a large bonfire and set off fireworks.

SECTION 5. 1. Sir Henry Saville was a warden, courtier, diplomat, buccaneer, ladies man and had an astonishing facility with languages. 2. Savilles books are still kept in the old library at Merton College, Oxford. 3. King James said that if he were not King, he would choose to spend his life in this library, chained up with these books like a fellow prisoner. 4. An extremely rare Bishops Bible with handwritten translating notes in the margins has recently been discovered in the Bodleian Library. 5. It took a total of 7 years to complete the translation. 6. Over 50 scholars worked on the translation. 7. Miles Smith wrote the much admired preface to the new Bible. 8. Miles Smith was Bishop of Gloucester. 9. The King James Bible was published in the year 1611. 10. The job of publishing the new Bible was given to Barkers the Printers. 11. The disappointment was that, at first, hardly anyone bought this new translation. 12. And God said, Let there be light Genesis 1:3. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth Genesis 1:1. You are the salt of the earth Matthew 5:13. 17

Honour thy father and thy mother Exodus 20:12 Deuteronomy 5:16 Matthew 15:4 Matthew 19:19 Mark 7:10 Mark 10:19 Luke 18:20 Ephesians 6:2

He was oppressed and He was afflicted yet He opened not His mouth Isaiah 53:7 He gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in Him John 2:16 And the angel said unto them fear not, for I bring you good tidings of great joy Luke 2:10 She brought forth her first born Son and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes Luke 2:7 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity 1 Corinthians 13:1 All generations shall call me blessed Luke 1:41 I, John, saw Revelation 21:2 or 22:8 He that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live. John 11:25 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God Matthew 5:9 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven Matthew 5:7 13. King James is buried in Westminster Abbey. 18

14. His grave is a very simple single black stone in the floor. No fancy carvings or statues. 15. The museum contains strange funeral effigies of past English Kings and Queens. These were used as stand-in display models so people could pay their respects before the funeral took place. 16. The true monument to King James is the King James Bible.

Map Answers

19

Document 2011 1A Productions LTD Cover Design MMXI Lions Gate Films Inc. All Rights Reserved