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Reading Report 2: Chapters 5-6 Basic Bible Interpretation: A Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Truth by Roy B. Zuck.

Professor: Dr. Brian Moulton

Ngoboka Onesmus Byengoma. BH-501Hermeneutics January 11, 2012 STAFF

Reading Report 2: Chapters 5-6 Chapter 5 QN.1. It is true that a biblical word cannot be explained in terms of its English Etymology. As Zuck explains that sometimes a word in its development takes an entirely different meaning from what it originally meant as Zuck further that it would be like reading back into Scripture what is not there. For example, The biblical word holy is not derived from English word health.1 QN.2. The specific guidelines that should be used in studying word usage in the Bible are: 1. Note the usage of a word by the same writer in the same book. If the immediate context does not make clear the meaning of a word, it is sometimes helpful to ask, how the writer use this elsewhere in this same book. 2. Note the usage by the same writer in his other books. 3. Note the usage by other writers in the Bible. 4. Note how the word is used by writers outside the Bible. QN.3 Word study on the word saved. This might not necessarily mean deliverance from sin. It might as well be used to mean: a) Safety or deliverance from difficult circumstances b) Physical and/or emotional health c) Israels national release from oppression by her enemies d) Deliverance from the penalty of sin by the substitutionary death of Christ. e) Final deliverance from the presence of sin. 1. Exodus 14:13. C 2. Luke 1:71 C 3. Luke 18:42 B 4. John 3:17 D 5. Acts 15:11 6. Acts 16:30 D 7. Acts 27:20 A 8. Romans 5:9 D 9. Romans 13:11 D 10. Philippians 1:19 A 11. James 5:15 E QN.4 1. Let the peace of Christ rule. And be thankful (Col.3:15) Compound 2. When Christ appears, then you also will appear with him in glory (Col.1:4) Complex 3. Clothe yourselves with compassion Simple.

Roy B. Zuck, Basic Bible Interpretation: A Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Truth. (SP Publications, USA, 1991), 103.

4. For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives and you have been given fullness in Christ (Col.2:9-10) Compound. 5. Be wise in the way you act toward outsiders (Col. 4:5). Compound 6. Here there is no Greek or Jew but Christ is all (Col.3:11). Compound 7. Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above (Col.1:1) Complex

Chapter 6 QN.1 The basic of elements of rhetorical interpretation are: a) Genre or the kind of composition of the given portion of scripture is like an interior designer asking what kind of room is it? b) Structure, is like asking, how is the dining room put together. And what are its component parts? c) Figures of speech look at the colorful expression for the literary effect QN.2 Genre is a French word from the Latin word genus, which means literary type. Literary genre therefore refers to the category or the kind of writing characterized by a particular form(s) and/or content. It is important to us because it helps us as Bible students to interpret the Bible more accurately. QN.3 The different literary genres used in Scripture with a Bible quotation are: 1. Legal. The first five books of the Bible, these include the commandments. Exodus 20-40 2. Narrative. This is told for the purpose of conveying a message through people and their problems and solutions. 2 Samuel first ten chapter show how he established and extended the kingdom. 3. Poetry. Like the books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Songs. 4. Wisdom literature. All Wisdom literature is poetry, but not all poetry books are wisdom literature. There is proverbial literature and reflective literature. Examples are the books of Job, Psalms and Proverbs. 5. Gospels. These are collections of stories the person of Christ, far more packed with action than is customary in narratives. The example is the gospel of John 6. Logical discourse. This is also called the Epistolary literature; these refer to the epistles of the New Testament, Romans to Jude. For example the book of the Romans. 7. Prophetic literature. These include predictions of the future with a purpose to help people who hear, to change or repent and turn to God. Like the Isaiah and fulfillment in Jesus story in the New Testament. QN.4

The five elements that must be considered when studying any book of Psalm are: 1. Look for these categories of psalms and the elements within each category. 2. Recognize that many figures of speech are included 3. Note the kinds of parallelisms in the verses. 4. Study the historical background of the psalms 5. Find the central idea or unifying message or thought in the psalm. QN.5 Structural analysis of the Bible is the effort to analyze relationships that exist in the network of structural elements in self contained portions (both large and small) of the Scripture. An example of the literary structure in Scripture is that of the book of Jonah. QN.6 Ten examples of the smaller structural patterns in a Bible book are: 1. Parallel patterns. These are thought patterns expressed in Bible poetry where several patterns are used. They can be comparison, parallelism, contrast parallelism, completion parallelism, figurative parallelism and stairstep parallelism. 2. Ring pattern. A central portion is preceded and followed by parallel material. Like in the story of Joseph being sold to Egypt in Genesis 37, 38, 39 trying to show Judah sin over Josephs purity. 3. Chiasm pattern. Elements one and four in one or more verses are parallel in thought, and points two and three are parallel in thought. Psalms 137:5-6 4. Alternating pattern. Points one and three in a verse or passage are parallel, and points two and four are parallel. Psalms 31:20 5. Inversion pattern. This is similar to a chiasm pattern except that it includes more than four elements and therefore has additional contrasting or comparative points. Items one and six are parallel, items two and five are parallel, and items three and four are parallel. Isaiah 6:10 6. Inclusio pattern. Is a pattern in which a paragraph or longer portion ends in much the same way in which it began. Like in Genesis 6:1-8 and 9:20-27 7. Trilogy pattern. In this pattern three related things are mentioned as in Jude11, the way of Cain, Balaams error, and Korahs rebellion. 8. Acrostic pattern. Each verse begins in succession with a separate letter of the alphabet. Proverbs 31:10-31. 9. Ascending or descending pattern. Each section leads to the next first John and 2 Samuel 13:3-20 10. Repetition pattern. Repetition is often used for the sake of emotional impact. Isaiah 40:21 and 28.