JTI

AWARENESS & CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPMENT OF SHALE GAS IN CAMBAY BASIN IN WESTERN PART OF INDIA

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JTI

AWARENESS AND CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPMENT OF SHALE GAS IN CAMBAY BASIN IN WESTERN PART OF INDIA COVERS

AWARENESS OF SH GAS RESVs AS POTENTIAL SOURCE OF CHEAP GAS BUT WITH HIGH TECHNOLOGY n KNOWLEDGEABLE SKILLED SERVICES. DISCOVERY OF SH GAS n SH OIL IN 2 VERTICAL WELLS OF JTI IN CBY BASIN, ENHANCES PROSPECTS IN CATEGORY – 1 BASINS OF INDIA COVERING 3 46 000 Km2. IDENTIFICATION, EVALUATION, DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF SH GAS / SH OIL NEEDS, REPRESENTATIVE DATA FOR WHICH PARAMETRIC WELLS ARE REQUIRED OVER BASINS. POLICY ON SH GAS / SH OIL IS BEING FRAMED ALONG WITH IDENTIFICATION OF BLOCKS FOR FARMING OUT, BY END OF DEC 2011. POSSIBLE CHALLENGES IN EXPLOITATION OF SH GAS / SH OIL HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED TO CONVERT IT INTO STRENGTH. PDPU SHOULD MEET LAB n QUALIFIED MANPOWER REQUIREMENT FOR THIS VITAL VENTURE.

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POLAND & AUSTRALIA. LIVELY PROGRAMME ON SH GAS IN LEADING TV CHANNELS. BPR & NEGOTIATIONS OF OIL WITH US. DUE TO DEPLETION IN RESV ENERGY. GAS PRODN HAS COME TO < HALF. PLANNING OF 2 WELLS BY OIL. USD 21 MM. SH GAS MAY HELP TO MEET ORIGINALLY COMMITTED ENERGY DEMAND. K-G. TOC: 1 TO 6 %. RJ .JTI AWARENESS SH GAS HAS AWAKENED WORLD. HOTTEST INVESTMENT PLAYS IN ENERGY SECTOR n BURNING TOPICS AS IT HAS VAST SH GAS DEPOSITS IN CATEGORY . AREA – 3 46 000 Km2. PROGRAMME OF DRILLING OF 4 WELLS BY ONGC IN WEST BENGAL. USD 25 MM. 3 . IMPORTANCE OF SH GAS CAN BE JUDGED FROM INVESTMENTS MADE ABROAD BY RIL (USD >3.5 B). IN CBY BASIN. ASSAM – ARAKAN. IT SEEMS TO BE NOW POTENTIAL SOURCE OF CHEAP n ECO-FRIENDLY NATURAL GAS. CAUVERY.1 BASIN : CBY.

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EVALUATION. LECTURES n PAPERS. 2010 AT NEW DELHI “AN ORIENTATION WORK SHOP ON SH GAS” (6TH & 7TH JAN’11) ARRANGED BY PDPU IN COLLABORATION WITH MEWBOURNE SCHOOL OF PETROLEUM n GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING. USA ON “ COMPLETION OF HC BEARING SH RESERVOIRS” UNDER DISTINGUISHED AUTHORS SERIES UNDER SPE INDIA SECTION IN IRS. NEW DELHI. SUMMIT ON SH GAS. DEVELOPMENT n OPTIMISATION” BY GLOBAL ENERGY TALENT. AHM – DETAILS OF SH GAS DISCOVERY WAS GIVEN FOR BETTER APPRECIATION OF SUBJECT . 5 . THROUGH AMERICAN BUSINESS CONFERENCES. USA    SEMINARS (12TH JAN’11) BY SWARNIM GJ. NORMAN. THE UNIVERSITY OF OK. 23RD – 24TH FEB’11. ONGC. SCHL OILFIELD SERVICES. BEFORE LECTURE OF GEORGE WATERS. OK. SHALE GAS ASIA 2011 SUMMIT.JTI WORK SHOP n SUMMIT:  “SH GAS: IDENTIFICATION. DEC 7 – 9. ON 16TH SEPT’09.

31 OCT – 3 NOV’10. HOUSTON IN ENERGY SERIES ON INTERNATIONAL SHALES ON SHALE PLAYS IN DEC’10 ISSUE. NEW DELHI COMING OUT WITH BOOK ON SH GAS IN INDIA. IN PETROTECH – 2010. VIETNAM PAPER IS BEING PUBLISHED BY WORLD OIL MAGAZINE. 6 . INDIA ON 20 – 22ND JAN’10. PAPER ID 20100552”SHALE GAS PROSPECTIVITY IN CBY SH INTEGRATING BASIN MODELLING & PETROPHYSICS: A CASE STUDY FROM CBY BASIN.JTI PAPERS:  IN SPE OIL & GAS INDIA CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION HELD IN MUMBAI. PAPER IADC / SPE 135664 ON “ SUCCESSFUL HYDRO FRACTURING LEADS TO OPENING OF NEW FRONTIERS IN SH GAS PRODUCTION IN CBY BASIN IN GJ” WAS PRESENTED IN IADC / SPE ASIA PACIFIC DRILLING TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION ON 1 – 3 NOV’10 AT HO CHI MINH CITY. JTI PRESENTED IN POSTER SESSION “ GAS STRIKE IN SH RESV IN DK FIELD IN CBY BASIN” SPE 129082 PP. PUBLISHED BY GULF PUBLISHING CO.    INFRALINE ENERGY RESEARCH & INFORMATION SERVICES. VIETNAM. INDIA” BY BASU OF RIL WAS PRESENTED.

7 . BAKKEN SH IS COMPLEX RESV.JTI SH RESV IN USA FIRST COMMERCIAL PRODN OF HC FROM CONVENTIONAL WAS FROM DEVONIAN SH IN APPALACHIN BASIN IN USA. HIGH PRODUCTIVITY. NON-FRACTURED – SOURCE n RESERVOIR FOR GAS n OIL. JTI IS ACTIVELY ASSOCIATED WITH DEV OF BAKKEN SH. FOLLOWED BY COMMERCIAL PRODN OF GAS FROM TIGHT BARNETT SH WHICH IS TYPE AREA FOR TIGHT RESV DEV TECHNOLOGIES n BECAME MODEL FOR SH RESV THROUGH OUT WORLD. OVER PRESSURED n SHORT DISTANCE MIGRATION.

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UCG n GAS HYDRATES. SH GAS. DISCOVERED BY OILEX IN CBY BLOCK. UGC IS IN ADVANCE STAGE IN SOUTHERN PART OF GJ TIGHT GAS SD. 2 SH GAS WELLS. 9 . TIGHT GAS SD. PRODN FROM CBM HAS BEGUN IN MODEST WAY IN INDIA. IN DK FIELD OF JTI.JTI NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCE OF GAS & STATUS IN INDIA NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCE OF GAS INCLUDES – CBM. IN CBY BASIN ARE ON PRODN AFTER HYDRO FRAC. PRODN RATES THOUGH LOW HAS GREAT SIGNIFICANCE.

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JTI CAMBAY BASIN ON OIL MAP OF WORLD WILD CAT WELL: LUNEJ – 1 ON CAMBAY STRUCTURE BROUGHT GJ ON OIL MAP OF WORLD / PETROLIFEROUS BASINS OF WORLD AS EARLY AS 1958. SUBSEQUENT STUDIES SHOW THAT THERE ARE NO SIGNIFICANT GAS PROSPECTS IN OLIGOCENE n MIOCENE SECTIONS. FREE GAS SUB-LAYERS ARE ALSO FEW. 11 . NUMEROUS PAPERS ARE PUBLISHED ON STRATIGRAPHIC SUCCESSION IS WELL KNOWN. IMPORTANCE WAS GIVEN TO OIL n PROSPECTS IN EOCENE SECTION. TILL 1980. NOTABLY FREE GAS FIELDS ARE 4. CBY BASIN n CBY BASIN IS 51 000 Km2 WITH TOTAL PROGNOSTICATED HC RESOURCES AROUND 2050 MMT.

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5 TO 4 PERCENT n VITRINITE REFLECTANCE 0. IN VIEW OF PRODN.4 – 2.0 FOR OIL n 1. LOGICAL TO ASSUME POROSITY > 4 PERCENT. IN DK WELL. INDICATION OF POSSIBILITY OF SH GAS WAS ONLY ON MUD LOG. 15 . ACCIDENTAL DISCOVERY.JTI GAS AND OIL FROM SH RESV IN CBY BASIN ALMOST ALL WELLS. 2010. IN SH GAS.0 FOR DRY GAS. 260 m APART. GAS SATURATION – HIGH. 2 NEW DISCOVERIES. IN DK FIELD ARE NO LESS IMPORTANT THAN WILD CAT LUNEJ– 1 SH GAS IN DG : MAY 2009 n SH OIL IN DO : FEBRUARY. TOC – 1. WELLS ON CONTINUOUS PRODN FOR PRES – PRODN DATA. WELLS DG n DO PRODUCED GAS n OIL RESPECTIVELY AFTER CONVENTIONAL TESTING n HYDRO FRAC. DRILLED THROUGH CBY ( L EOCENE) SECTION. GAVE INDICATION OF HC BUT IT WAS NEVER OCCURRED TO CONSIDER IT AS POSSIBLE RESV ROCK n TEST IT.6 – 1.

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44 8. 60.02 0.09 4.75 0.659 23.64 69.05.15 20 .32 1.2010 JTI Methane Ethane Propane (i) Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-Pentane Hexanes + CO2 N2 / Air Sp.25 0.76 0.29 2.79 10.02.05.19 0.31 2.98 6.2010 Solution Gas To Consumers 15.2010 26.02.63 1.99 9.75 9.33 13.24 0.58 2.DHOLKA FIELD GAS ANALYSIS ( DG & DO ) Shale Gas Description DG Date of Collection Date of Analysis 23.78 9.44 5.Wt.0235 13945 15259 29. (Air=1) Net Calorific Value K Cals/m3 Gross Calorific value K Cals/m3 Mol.35 9.8269 96.21 0.2010 16.9374 11134 12219 27.19 0.4 0.95 62.80 0.3 1.09 1.Gr.02.02.19 9.74 1.2009 DO 23.92 2.2009 26.66 2.

JTI SH GAS COMPOSITION GAS COMPOSITION OF WELL DG IS TOTALLY DIFFERENT FROM SOLN GAS BEING SUPPLIED TO CONSUMERS n SOLN GAS OF WELL DO. IN DO. PROPANE TO HEXANE + n CALORIFIC VALUES < GAS OF DG n SOLN GAS. IN DO SOLN GAS IS DIFFERENT FROM SOLN GAS FROM FIELD. PERCENT OF PROPANE TO n-PENTANE n CALORIFIC VALUES > SOLN GAS. IN DG. OIL GRAVITY – 39 API. 21 .

IN LIGHT OF RESULTS OF WELLS DG n DO SHOWS THAT CBY – TARAPUR n AHMEDABAD BLOCK AREA DESERVES PRIORITY FOR EXPLOITATION OF SH GAS. 22 .JTI SH GAS AND SH OIL PROSPECTS IN CBY BASIN DISCOVERY OF SH GAS / SH OIL IN 2 VERTICAL WELLS OF DK HAS OPENED NEW FRONTIER FOR EXPLORATION IN THICK CBY SH IN MATURED CBY BASIN. RE-EXAMINATION OF CAMBAY BASIN. REQUISITE INFORMATION IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR ESTIMATION OF GAS RESERVES. IT IS FELT THAT THERE WILL BE SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE IN GAS RESERVES LIKE US.

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FOR MAXIMISATION OF PRODN. ALREADY DRILLED IN CBY BASIN WILL BE HELPFUL FOR HEALTHY COMPLETION OF HORWELLS. UNIQUE COMPLETION. MULTI-STAGE MHF n HIGHER GAS PRICE. STMULATION DESIGN. COMMERCIAL PRODN FROM SH GAS RESV CAN ONLY BE POSSIBLE WITH HORWELL DRILLING TECHNOLOGY. DETAILS OF HORIZONTAL WELLS. THIS CALLS FOR DRILLING OF PARAMETRIC WELLS OVER CBY BASIN. 24 .JTI GENERATION OF BASIC DATA THERE IS NO DOUBT ABOUT PRODN OF GAS n OIL FROM SH RESERVOIRS IN MATURED CBY BASIN. THIS INVOLVES CORING n SPECIAL CORE ANALYSIS. WIDE VARIATIONS A n V. SOUND RESV MGT n PDPU BEING IN COVITED POSITION SHOULD ACCEPT CHALLENGES n MAKE AVAILABLE REQUISITE QUALITY SERVICES. FOR ASSESSMENT OF GAS RESERVES n LOGICAL SCHEME OF DEV. ADDL REPRESENTATIVE INFORMATION IS ESSENTIAL. BASIN BEING LARGE n CBY SH RESV THICK. SPECIAL LOGGING and TIEING OF DATA. NEEDS KNOWLEDGEABLE SKILLED HANDS.

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FRAMING POLICY ON SH GAS n TECHNOLOGY FOR DEV OF SH GAS.JTI POLICY ON SG GAS TO EXPEDITE DEV OF SH GAS. MoP&NG POSSIBLY ACCORDING MAJOR & ACTIVE ROLE TO STATE GOVT. US WILL ALSO HELP IN KNOWLEDGE SHARING. LAND RENTS. GAIL. IDENTIFICATION OF SH GAS RESOURCES. A MULTI-ORGANISATIONAL TEAM (MOT) CONSISTING OF DGH. ONGC. 26 . ADVANTAGE WILL HAVE TO BE TAKEN OF US EXPRTISE TO REDUCE DEV TIME TO 5-6 YRS AS AGAINST 12 YRS TAKEN FROM VERTCAL TO COMMERTIAL GAS FROM HORWELL n MULTI .STAGE FRAC . GPCB CLEARANCES BESIDES PROFIT PETROLEUM OVER n ABOVE ROYALTY ON GAS. – ACQUISITION O LAND. DGH HAS BEEN ASKED TO FRAME POLICY ON SHALE GAS n IDENTIFY BLOCKS FOR DEV BY END OF 2011. AS PER MOU SIGNED ON 8TH NOV’ 10. OIL n KDMIPE HAS BEEN FORMED.

WITH KNOWLEDGEABLE SKILLED 27 . VERTICAL n LATERAL COMMUNICATION RESULTING FROM FRAC JOBS LAND AROUND WELL-PAD. WELL DESIGNS n CEMENT BOND IN OLD WELLS .CHALLENGES IN EXPL AND EXPLOITATION JTI IN FRAMING POLICY ON SH GAS. INHERENT ROCK PROPERTIES FOR STABLE HORIZONTAL WELL SECTION. IT SEEMS MORE THAN ONE OPERATOR WILL BE WORKING. TIMELY. THIS OPTION IS BOUND TO POSE SERIOUS CHALLENGES: MULTI-LAYERED HC RESERVOIRS WITHIN CBY SH. QUANTITY n QUALITY OF WATER . IN SAME BLOCK. SOPHISTICATED EQUIPMENT PERSONNEL.

POSSIBILITY OF AGGRESSIVE BIDDING IN ON LAND CATEGORY – 1 BASIN n CLAIM FOR EXPERIENCE ABROAD EXISTS POSSIBLY TO CONTROL GAS PRICE OF OFFSHORE AREAS WHICH MAY BE HIGHER.MAJOR OPERATORS ONGC. GSPCL n RIL ARE HAVING MAX PEL n ML AREA IN ONLAND n OFFSHORE AREAS n PRODUCING GAS. 28 .

EXPLORE n INCREASE PRODN OF HC. PRESENCE OF HC IN SH RESV AT SHALLOW DEPTHS IN 2 DK WELLS IN CBY BASIN HAS BEEN PROVED n NEED PRIORITY FOR DEV. CARE MAY HAVE TO BE TAKEN TO ENSURE THAT TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENT n GAS PRICE WAR SHOULD NOT COME IN WAY OF EXPEDITIOUS DEV OF SH GAS DUE TO DRASTIC REDUCTION IN GAS PRICE LIKE IN US.JTI CONCLUSIONS POLICY ON SH GAS BEING ANNOUNCED BY MoP&NG SHOULD HELP TO DISCOVER. DIRE NEED : LAB FACILITIES N RESV. ECONOMICALLY FROM SH GAS RESERVOIRS IN CATEGORY BASIN – 1. MGT. FOR EVALUATION n DEV OF SH GAS / SH OIL. SOPHISTICATED EQUIPMENT AND KNOWLEDGEABLE n SKILLED SERVICES ARE ESSENTIAL FOR MF & HEALTHY HORWELLS. NOT AVAILABLE IN INDIA. TEAM 29 . NEEDS PARAMETRIC WELLS OVER CBY BASIN.