Devi Mahatmyam

(The Devi Mahatmyam is a collection of 700 Slokas on Sri Durga from MarkaNDeya PuraaNa: An English translation is given below) Navaratri is celebrated four times a year. They are Ashada Navaratri, the Sharada Navaratri, the Maha Navaratri and the Vasantha Navaratri. Of these, the Sharada Navaratri of the month of Puratashi and the Vasantha Navaratri of the Vasantha kala are very important. If you refer to the agni purana, then it is said that the Puratashi and Panguni (in Tamil months) i.e. Asvin and Chaitra are like the two jaws of Lord Yama. If one wants to escape the mouth of Yama, then one should celebrate Navaratri on these two occasions. A similar analogy is presented in the devi bhagavatam. Devi bhagavatam also talks in detail on how one should observe fasts, and how one should meditate/work on these days. According to legend, Durga sat on the tip of a needle for nine days, doing a severe penance to destroy the evil Asura Mahisha. On the first three days, she meditated as Herself, the next three days as Mahalakshmi and the last three days as Sarasvati. This signifies progression from tamsik, to rajasik to satvik and eventually obtaining liberation. The tenth day during Sharada Navaratri is called vijayadashami to signify the victory on the day of dashami. It is, however, a long tradition that one reads the devi-bhagavatam or

the devi mahatmyam (Durga saptasati, 700 verses on Durga) during this period. Devi bhagavatam notes that Rama meditated and fasted for nine days after Sita was kidnapped by Ravana. There are numerous such incidents on how people's wishes were granted. The reading of Devi Maahaatmyam during Navaraatri is to be done follows \\ Based on emails from S. A. Bhandarkar and M. Giridhar

\\ Chapter 1 (Madhu kaitabha samhaara) is to be read for 1st day, \\ Chapter 2 thru 4 (Mahishhasura samhaara) to be read on 2nd day, \\ Chapter 5 and 6 (Dhuumralochana vadha) on the 3rd day, \\ Chapter 7 (Chanda Munda vadha) on 4th day, \\ Chapter 8(Rakta biija samhaara) on 5th day, \\ Chapter 9 and 10 (Shumbha Nishumbha vadha) on 6th day, \\ Chapter 11(Praise of Narayani) on 7th day, \\ Chapter 12 (Phalastuti) on 8th day, \\ Chapter 13 (Blessings to Suratha and the Merchant)on 9th day \\ Chapter 14 (aparaadha xamaapaNa) on 10th day

Chapter 1 The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha Chapter 2 Slaughter of the armies of Mahisasura Chapter 3 The Slaying of Mahisasura Chapter 4 The Devi Stuti Chapter 5 Devi's conversation with the messenger Chapter 6 The Slaying of Dhumralocana Chapter 7 The slaying of Chanda and Munda Chapter 8 The Slaying of Raktabija Chapter 9 The Slaying of Nisumbha Chapter10 The Slaying of Sumbha Chapter 11 Hymn to Narayani Chapter 12 Eulogy of the Merits

Chapter 13 The bestowing of boons to Suratha and Vaisya

CHAPTER 1:****The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha:
Meditation of Mahakali I resort to Mahakali, who has ten faces, ten legs and holds in her hands the sword, disc, mace, arrows, bow, club, spear, missile, human head and conch, who is three-eyed, adorned with ornaments on all her limbs, and luminous like a blue jewel, and whom Brahma extolled in order to destroy Madhu and Kaitabha, when Vishnu was in (mystic) sleep. Markandeya said (To his disciple Krasustuki Bhaguri): 1-3. Savarni, {Savarni was so called because he was the son of Savarna, Surya's wife. He became King Suratha in the second (Svarocisa) manvantara.} Son of Surya, is called the eighth Manu. Listen, while I describe in detail about his birth, how Savarni, illustrious son of Surya, became the lord of the (eighth) Manvantara {One cycle of creation is divided into fourteen manvantaras. The period ruled over by one Manu is called a Manvantara. There are, therefore, fourteen Manus as follows: Svayambhuva, Svarocisa, Uttama, Tamasa, Raivata, Caksusa, Vaivasvata, Savarni, Daksha-savarni, Brahma-savarni, Dharma-savarni, Rudra-savarni, Deva-savarni, and Indra-savarni. By the grace of Mahamaya {One of the names of the Divine Mother.} 4-5. In former times there was a king named Suratha, born of the Chitra dynasty, ruling over the whole world in the period of Svarocisa. He protected his subjects duly like his own children. At that time the kings, who were the destroyers of the c, became his enemies. 6-7. He, the wielder of powerful weapons, fought a battle with the destroyers of Kolas, but was defeated by them though they were a small force. Then he returned to his own city, and ruled over his won country. Then that illustrious king was attacked by those powerful enemies. 8-9. Even in his own city, the king, (now) bereft of strength, was robbed of his treasury and army by his own powerful, vicious and evildisposed ministers. Thereafter, deprived of this sovereignty, the king left alone on horse-back for a dense forest, under the pretext of hunting. 10-11. He saw there the hermitage of Medhas- the supreme among the twice-born - inhabited by wild animals which were peaceful, and

graced by the disciples of the sage. Entertained by the sage, Suratha spent some time moving about in the hermitage of the great sage. 12-16. There then overcome with attachment, he fell into the thought, 'I do not know whether the capital (which was) well guarded by my ancestors and recently deserted by me is being guarded righteously or not by my servants of evil conduct. I do not know what enjoyments my chief elephant, heroic and always elated, and now fallen into the hands of my foes, will get. Those who were my constant followers and received favor, riches and food from me, now certainly pay homage to other kings. The treasure which I gathered with great care will be squandered by those constant spendthrifts, who are addicted to improper expenditures.' 17-19. The king was continually thinking of these and other things. Near the hermitage of the Brahamana he saw a merchant, and asked him: 'Ho! Who are you? What is the reason for your coming here? Wherefore do you appear as if afflicted with grief and depressed in mind?' Hearing this speech of the king, uttered in a friendly spirit, the merchant bowed respectfully and replied to the king. The merchant said: 20-25. 'I am a merchant named Samadhi, born in a wealthy family. I have been cast out by my sons and wife, who are wicked through greed of wealth. My wife and sons have misappropriated my riches, and made me devoid of wealth. Cast out by my trusted kinsmen, I have come to the forest grief-stricken. Dwelling here, I do not know anything as regards good of bad of my sons, kinsmen and wife. At present is welfare or ill-luck theirs at home? How are they? Are my sons living well or evil lives?' The king said: 26-28. 'Why is your mind affectionately attached to those covetous folk, your sons, wife and others, who have deprived you of your wealth?' The merchant said: 29-34. 'This very thought has occurred to me, just as you have uttered it. What can I do? My mind does not become hard; it bears deep affection to those very persons who have driven me out in their greed for wealth, abandoning love for a father and attachment to one's master and kinsmen. I do not comprehend although, I know it. O noble hearted king, how it is that the mind is prone to love even towards worthless kinsmen. On account of them I heave heavy sighs and feel dejected. What can I do since my mind does not become hard towards those unloving ones? Markandeya said:

through the power of Mahamaya ( the Great Illusion). The king said: . then. She is the supreme knowledge.' The Rishi said: 46-49. I wish to ask you one thing. animals and other creatures also cognize (objects of senses). Without the control of my intellect. and are themselves distressed by hunger are yet. How is this. of Vishnu. still he is inordinately affectionate towards them. Verily she. 50-58. that though we are aware of it. O best of sages? And this merchant has been disowned by this children. some beings have equal sight both by day and night.35-38. and forsaken by his own people. Be pleased to reply to it. she is the cause of the bondage of transmigration and the sovereign over all lords. the merchant Samadhi and the noble king together approached the sage (Medhas). and eternal. for cattle. Do you not see this? Even so men are hurled into the whirlpool of attachment. every being has the knowledge of objects perceivable by the senses. when propitious. wife and servants.I have an attachment to all the paraphernalia of my kingdom. blinded as we are in respect of discrimination. Marvel not at this. The king said: 39-45. becomes a boon-giver to human beings for their final liberation. It is she who. this delusion comes? This delusion besets me as well as him. and after observing the etiquette worthy of him and as was proper. the Lord of the world. Sir. O tiger among men. my mind is afflicted with sorrow. sir. It is by her the world is deluded. they sat down and conversed (with him ) on some topics. Human beings are certainly endowed with knowledge. Though I have lost the kingdom. attached to their children because of greed for return help. Human beings are. Then O Brahmana. birds and beasts too have. the Mahamaya forcibly drawing the minds of even the wise. the pit of delusion. Look at these birds. this Mahamaya is the Yoganidra. throws them into delusion. are exceedingly unhappy. 'Sir. drawn by attachment towards objects whose defects we do know. The knowledge that men have. and the rest (like eating and sleeping) is common to both of them. which though they possess knowledge. but they are not the only beings ( to be so endowed). the Bhagavati. She creates this entire universe. Some beings are blind by day. both moving and unmoving. How this happens.though I know it. And object of sense reaches it in various ways. birds. because of the delusion. who makes the existence of the world possible. and others are blind by night. and what they have men also possess. Thus both he and I. like an ignorant man. engaged in dropping grains into the beaks of their young ones. the cause of final liberation.

was sitting in the lotus( that came out) from Vishnu's navel. embodied as the universe. Armed with sword. bashfulness. O you supreme among the knowers of Brahman. and what is her sphere of action. at the time of sustentation you are of the form of the protective power. the great devi as also the great asuri. You are the dark night of periodic dissolution. . 'By you this universe is borne. You are half a matra.' The Rishi said: 63-71. Brahma said: 'You are Svaha and Svadha. tranquility and forbearance. intelligence characterized by knowledge. You are verily that which cannot be uttered specifically. she is said to be born in the world. O Brahmana? What constitutes her nature? What is her form? Wherefrom did she originate? All that I wish to hear from you. The resplendent Lord Brahma extolled the incomparable Goddess of Vishnu. who is that Devi whom you call Mahamaya? How did she come into being. the supporter of the worlds. and at the time of the dissolution of the world. sprung into being from the dirt of Vishnu's ears. Seeing these two fierce asuras and Janardhana asleep. by you this world is created. sought to slay Brahma. O eternal and imperishable One. You are Savitri and the supreme Mother of the devas. You are verily the Vasatkara and embodiment of Svara.59-62. You are the great night of final dissolution. Yoganidra. nourishment. and the terrible night of delusion. 78-81. By her all this is pervaded. the cause of the sustentation and dissolution alike (of the universe). as also the great delusion. the well-known Madhu and Kaitabha. (Brahma) with concentrated mind extolled Yoganidra. spear. you are of the form of the destructive power. tow terrible asuras. and modesty. O Devi and you always consume it at the end. 'Venerable sir. 75-77. contentment. O you who are (always) of the form of the whole world. You are the goddess of good fortune. and with a view to awakening Hari. you are the embodiment of the threefold mantra. the great intellect and contemplation. ' You are the primordial cause of everything. You are the nectar. At the end of a kalpa when the universe was one ocean (with the waters of the deluge) and the adorable Lord Vishnu stretched out on Sesa and took the mystic slumber. She is eternal. bringing into force the three qualities. Brahma. hear it from me. By you it is protected. though she is eternal. though eternal. dwelling in Hari's eyes. at the time of creation you are of the form of the creative force. the queen of cosmos. Nevertheless she incarnates in manifold ways. the father of beings. 72-74. When she manifests herself in order to accomplish the purposes of the devas. You are the supreme knowledge as well as the great nescience. the ruler.

you must both be slain by me now. There. bewitches these two unassailable asuras Madhu and Kaitabha with your superior powers. who have made all of us. took them on His loins and there severed their heads with His discus. Thereupon the all-pervading Bhagavan Vishnu got up and fought with the asuras for five thousand years. the great wielder of conch. Those two(asuras). 'Slay us at the spot where the earth is not flooded with water. What need is there of any other boon here? My choice is this much indeed. I tell you. beyond the high and low. of exceeding heroism and power. and appeared in the sight of Brahma of inscrutable birth. told Bhagavan. ' Ask a boon from us. rose up from His couch on the universal ocean. conscient ( real) or non-conscient (unreal). . endeavoring to devour Brahma. Here ends the first chapter called 'The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha' of Devi mahatmya in Markandeya purana. drew herself out from His eyes.Vishnu. Let Vishnu.' The Rishi said: 88-95. and saw those two evil (asuras). the Devi of delusion extolled thus by Brahma. 'And whatever of wherever a thing exists. during the period of Savarni. Lord of the universe.' The Rishi said: 99-101. myself and Shiva. with eyes red in anger. 82-87. the lotus eyed One. discus. the Master of the world. how can I extol you (more than this)? By you. arms. Madhu and Kaitabha. exclaimed to Vishnu. quitted by her. is put to sleep. sustains and devours the world. the Manu. thus bewitched (by Mahamaya). gazing then at the entire world turned into water. slings and iron mace. mouth. in order to awaken Vishnu for the destruction of Madhu and Kaitabha. And they. Bhagavan(Vishnu).' The Rishi said: 102-104. Janardana.take our embodied forms? O Devi. even he who creates. you are terrible( and at the same time) you are pleasing. Who is here capable of extolling you? Who is capable of praising you. discus and mace. 'If you are satisfied with me.' Bhagavan(Vishnu) said: 96-98. the creator. Saying 'Be it so'. bow. Thus she (Mahamaya) herself appeared when praised by Brahma. being lauded thus. yea more pleasing than all the pleasing things and exceedingly beautiful. O you who are the soul of everything. whatever power all that possesses is yourself. conch. heart and breast. Now listen again the glory of this nostrils. be quickly awakened from sleep and rouse up his nature to slay these two great asuras. and deluded by Mahamaya. arrows. frenzied with their exceeding power. You are indeed the supreme Isvari. using his own arms as weapons.

May both of you be pleased to think out the means of his destruction. by Yama's (light) her hair. the destroyer of Mahisasura. 14-15. her face came into being. conch. The devas saw there a concentration of light like a mountain blazing excessively.CHAPTER 2:*****{Slaughter of the armies of Mahisasura} : Meditation of Mahalakshmi I resort to Mahalakshmi. Vayu. Then the vanquished devas headed by Brahma. The Rishi said: 1-3. shield. and their faces became fierce with frowns. Candra. 12-13. and by Candra's . wine-cup. 6-8. From the bodies of Indra and other devas also sprang forth a very great light. 4-5. The devas described to them in detail. and from that of Brahma and Siva too. by Vishnu's light her arms. pervading all the quarters with its flames. as it had happened. Indra. there was a war between the devas and asuras for a full hundred years. thunderbolt.' 9. The issued forth a great light from the face of Vishnu who was full of intense anger. ‘He (Mahisasura) himself has assumed the jurisdictions of Surya. After conquering all the devas. the story of their defeat wrought by Mahisasura. produced from the bodies of all the devas. bell. Thrown out from heaven by that evil-natured Mahisa. has been related to you both. By that which was Siva's light. Then that unique light. Yama and Varuna and other (devas). rod. bow. Vishnu was angry and also Siva. And (all) this light united together. 10-11. Agni. Of yore when Mahisasura was the lord of asuras and Indra the lord of devas. combined into one and became a female form. went to the place where Siva and Vishnu were. Having thus heard the words of the devas. is of the complexion of coral and who holds in her (eighteen ) hands rosary. sword. pervading the three worlds with its lustre. the lord of beings. the hosts of devas wander on the earth like mortals. arrow. and we have sought shelter under you both. lotus. pitcher. who is seated on the lotus. trident. Mahisasura became the lord of heaven( Indra). All that has been done by the enemy of the devas. axe. In that the army of the devas was vanquished by the valorous asuras. noose and the discus Sudarsana. mace. sakti.

by Kubera's (light) her nose. Agni a spear. 19. The bearer of Pinaka (Siva) drawing forth a trident from his own trident presented it to her. the manifestation of the lights of other devas too (contributed to the being of the) auspicious Devi. The (mountain) Himavat gave her a lion to ride on a various jewels. The ocean gave her a garland of unfading lotuses for her head and another for her breast. gave her a serpent-necklace bedecked with best jewels. Then looking at her. Sesa. ever full of wine.(light) her two breasts. By Indra's light her waist. bringing forth a thunderbolt out of (his own) thunderbolt and a bell from that of his elephant Airavata. and Vishnu bringing forth a discus out of his own discus gave her. the lord of waters. the lord of beings. The light of the two sandhyas became her eye-brows. a pair of shining anklets. a brilliant half-moon(ornament). and Maruta gave a bow as well as two quivers full of arrows. The lord of wealth (Kubera) gave her a drinking cup. exceedingly great. and Brahma. besides a very beautiful lotus in her hand. Visvakarman gave her a very brilliant axe. gave her. All worlds shook. weapons of various forms and also an impenetrable armour. a unique necklace and excellent rings on all the fingers. by Prajapati's light her teeth came into being and similarly by Agni's light her three eyes were formed. . 25-29. 24. the lord of all serpents. Yama gave a staff from his own staff of Death and Varuna. gave a string of beads and a water-pot. armlets on all arms. she (the Devi) gave out a loud roar with a decrying laugh again and again. and there was great reverberation. Indra. by Vasus (light) her fingers. a pair of ear-rings. 16-18. a pair of un-decaying garments. a noose. lord of devas. by Varuna's (light) her shanks and thighs and by earth's light her hips. who supports this earth. the immortals who were oppressed by Mahisasura experienced joy. Varuna gave her a conch. a divine crest-jewel. 22-23. the light of Vayu her ears. 20-21. bracelets. The milk-ocean gave a pure necklace. By her unending. terrible roar the entire sky was filled. Honoured likewise by other devas also with ornaments and weapons. 30-33. by Surya's light her toes. who had come into being from the assembled lights of all the devas. By Brahma's light her feet came into being. the seas trembled. Surya bestowed his own rays on al the pores of her skin and Kala (Time) gave a spotless sword and a shield.

extolled her. swords. shaking the nether worlds with the twang of the bowstring.' exclaimed the devas in joy to her. another great asura.34-46. Privarita with many thousands of elephants and horses. with swords. a great asura named Ciksura and Camara. Some hurled spears and others nooses. The sighs which Ambika. Making the earth bend with her footstep. surrounded with chariots. elephants and chariots. she dragged them on the ground. exclaiming in wrath. stalked among the hosts of the asuras like a conflagration amidst the forests. Then the Devi killed hundreds of asuras with her trident. Others (asuras) fought in the battle against the Devi with iron maces and javelins. 'Ha! What is this?' rushed towards that roar. 'Victory to you. and binding others with her noose. Mahisasura was surrounded in that battle with thousands of crores of horses. with fifteen millions (of chariots). surrounded by innumerable asuras. and with gods and sages extolling her. heaved became at once her battalions by hundreds and thousands. scraping the sky with her diadem. Then he saw the Devi pervading the three worlds with her lustre. fought in that battle. and standing there pervading all the quarters around with her thousand arms. who bowed their bodies in devotion. Without any strain on her face. javelins. Mahisasura's general. mobilized all their armies and rose up together with uplifted weapons. A great asura named Udagra with sixty thousand chariots. And the lion also which carried the Devi. some blew conches and others played on tabors in that great martial festival. and threw down others who were stupefied by the noise of her bell. Seeing the three worlds agitated the foes of devas. attended by forces comprising four parts. and surrounded by ten millions of chariots. And other great asuras. swords and the like. An asura named Bidala fought in that battle surrounded with five hundred crores of chariots. axes and halberds. these (battalions) fought with axes. Showering her own weapons and arms. Some were split into two by the . thousands in number. the Isvari threw her weapons and arms at the bodies of the asuras. 47-48. and Baskala with six millions fought in that battle. with spears and clubs. in which the quarters of the sky were illumined by the weapons and arms hurled diversely. 49-58. Then began a battle between that Devi and the enemies of the devas. Energized by the power of the Devi. engaged in the battle. elephants and horses fought with the Devi in that battle. some beat drums. Mahisasura. and destroyed the asuras. and other (asuras) fought. the lion-rider. showers of spears. The earth quaked and all the mountains rocked. Asiloman. Of these battalions. the sages. club. that Devi Chandika very easily cut into pieces all those weapons and arms. shaking its mane in rage. and Mahahanu with ten millions (of chariots) gave battle. They began to strike her with swords in order to kill her. halberds.

'Stop. 62. 64-65. smashed by the blows of her mace. the Manu. 59-61. showering flowers. Pierced all over by her arrows and resembling porcupines. Some of these headless trunks danced there in the battle to the rhythm of the musical instruments. lay down on the ground. fell and rose again. and one-legged were again clove in twain by the Devi. And her carrier-lion. Pierced in the breast by her trident. stop'. some. That part of earth where the battle was fought became impassable with the asuras. And slashes of her sword. extolled them. appearing to search out the vital breaths from the bodies of the enemies of devas. The profuse blood from the asuras. though rendered headless. Here ends the second chapter called 'Slaughter of the armies of Mahisasura' of Devimahatmya in Markandeya-purana. their necks broken the heads of others rolled down. prowled about in the battlefield. CHAPTER 3: *****{The Slaying of Mahisasura} The Rishi said: . with their swords. Headless trunks fought with the Devi with best weapons in their hands. and others. In that battlefield the battalions of the Devi fought in such a manner with the asuras that the devas in heaven. spears and lances still in their hands. some of the enemies of devas gave up their lives on that field of battle. The trunks of some other great asuras. some others were torn asunder in the middle of their trunks. elephants and horses and chariots that had been felled. during the period of Savarni. 63. shouted at the Devi with their just severed heads. and some severely hammered by club vomited forth blood. 66-67. 68-69. thundering aloud with quivering mane. As fire consumes a huge heap of straw and wood. elephants and horses flowed immediately like large rivers amidst that army of the asuras. and some great asuras fell on the ground with their legs severed. some fell on the ground. so did Ambika destroy that vast army of asuras in no time. Some had their arms cut off. Some rendered one-armed. one-eyed.

Fighting. Forthwith she split his bow and lofty banner. 9. made it lustreless and fall to the ground. 8. 11. killed his horses and their controller with her arrows. easily cutting asunder the masses of his arrows. his horses killed and his charioteer slain. Ambika quickly assailed it with a whoop. 7. 3. engaged itself in a hand to hand fight with that foe of the devas. the afflictor of devas. full of rage. He also hurled his spear at the Devi. mounted on an elephant. 12. 13. the Devi hurled her pike that shattered his pike into a hundred fragments and the great asura himself. the asura armed with sword and shield rushed at the Devi. Then Ciksura. . advanced. Camara. flung a pike. and with her arrows pierced the body of that(asura) whose bow had been cut. 5. O king. Then the great asura flung at Bhandrakali the pike. dealing the most terrible blows at each other. blazing with lustre. His bow shattered. Seeing that pike coming upon her. his sword broke into pieces as it touched her arm. and fought very impetuously. his chariot broken. advanced in anger to fight with Ambika. Thereon his eyes turning red with anger. Seeing his spear broken and fallen. 15. Then the Devi. 4. 10. leaping up and seating itself at the centre of the elephant's forehead. even as a cloud (showers) rain on the summit of Mount Meru. Then the lion. and she split that also with her arrows. as if he was hurling the very sun from the skies. Mahisasura's very valiant general having been killed. That asura rained showers of arrows on the Devi in the battle. 14. the great asura general. the two then came down to the earth from the back of the elephant. Swiftly he smote the lion on the head with his sharp-edged sword and struck the Devi also on her left arm. Camara. seeing that army being slain (by the Devi). he grasped his pike.1-2. 6.

24. trees and the like. 26. the sea overflowed all around. This enraged Ambika. the Devi ground Uddhata to powder with the blows of her club. springing up quickly to the sky. some by his bellowing and wheeling movement. 21. . and Karala also stricken down by her teeth and fists and slaps. Cast up by the blast of his breath. As his army was thus being destroyed. Seeing the great asura swollen with rage and advancing towards her. pounded the surface of the earth with his hooves in rage. Some ( he laid low) by a blow of his muzzle. and others by the pokes of his horns. Crushed by the velocity of his wheeling. 19. the earth disintegrated. and killed Baskala with a dart and destroyed Tamra and Andhaka with arrows. 27. great in valour. Chandika displayed her wrath in order to slay him. and bellowed terribly.16. 18. With her sword she struck down Bidala's head from his body. Some he laid low on the face of the earth by his impetuous speed. Enraged. 17. 20. Pierced by his swaying horns. Mahisasura. and lashed by his tail. the clouds went into fragments. and descending. and dispatched both Durdhara and Durmudha to the abode of Death with her arrows. The three-eyed Supreme Isvari killed Ugrasya and Ugravirya and Mahahanu also with her trident. 25. and others by the blast of his breath. some by the lashes of his tail. mountains fell down from the sky in hundreds. severed Camara's head with a blow from its paw. Then the lion. some by stamping with his hooves. Mahisasura rushed to slay the lion of the Mahadevi. Mahisasura terrified the troops of the Devi with his own buffalo form. 23. Having laid low her army. tossed up the high mountains with his horns. And Udagra was killed in the battle by the Devi with stones. 22. 28.

44. The Gandharva chiefs sang and the bevies of apsaras danced. Mahisasura half issued forth ( in his real form) from his own (buffalo) mouth. crying in consternation. With the great sages of heaven. And the asura. she jumped and landed herself on that great asura. 32. the Mother of the worlds. pressed him on the neck with her foot and struck him with her spear. 34. Having exclaimed thus. and spoke to him in flurried words. he quitted his buffalo form. 35. her eyes becoming red. the whole asura army perished. the colour of her face accentuated with the intoxication of the divine drink. And she with showers of arrows pulverized ( those mountains) hurled at her. Fighting thus with his half-revealed form. roar.29. and hurled mountains against Chandika with his horns. (The elephant) tugged at her great lion with his trunk and roared loudly. he took the appearance of a man with sword in hand. 36. Here ends the third chapter called 'The . And thereupon. The great asura then resumed his buffalo shape and shook the three worlds with their movable and immovable objects. quaffed a divine drink again and again. 41.' The Rishi said: 39-40. Then. but as he was dragging. 'Roar. Then he became a lion suddenly. 42. Thus bound in the great battle. the Devi cut off his trunk with her sword. She flung her noose over him and bound the great asura. the devas will soon roar in this very place. Immediately then the Devi with her arrows chopped off the man together with his sword and shield. being completely overcome by the valour of the Devi. The Devi said: 37-38. 31. also roared intoxicated with his strength and valour. for a moment while I drink this wine. 33. While Ambika cut off the head (of his lion form). Then he became a big elephant. Chandika. When you sill be slain by me. the great asura was laid by the Devi who struck off his head with her great sword. O fool. Enraged threat. caught up under her foot. the devas praised the Devi. 30. 43. and laughed. and all the hosts of deva were in exultation.

asuras and others? 7. May you protect the universe! 6. whose incomparable greatness and power Bhagavan Vishnu. you are Svaha at whose utterance the whole assemblage of gods attains satisfaction in all the sacrifices. 'O Devi. 'To that Ambika who is worthy of worship by all devas and sages and pervades this world by her power and who is the embodiment of the entire powers of all the hosts of devas. May she grant us auspicious things! 4. 'O Devi. the Manu. faith in the hearts of the good. and bodies rendered beautiful with horripilation and exultation. 8. who are yourself good fortune in the dwellings of the virtuous. Shiva and others! You are the resort of all! this entire world is composed of an infinitesimal portion of yourself! You are verily the supreme primordial Prakriti untransformed. and ill-fortune in those of the vicious. how can we describe your inconceivable form. ' O Devi. When that most valiant but evil-natured Mahisasura and the army of that foe of the devas were destroyed by the Devi. You are the Svadha which gives satisfaction to the manes. 'You are the origin of all the worlds! Though you are possessed of the three gunas you are not known to have any of their attendant defects (like passion)! You are incomprehensible even to Vishnu. or your abundant surpassing valour that destroys the asuras. . bestow her mind on protecting the entire world and on destroying the fear of evil. we bow before you. and modesty in the hearts of the high-born. Brahma and Hara are unable to describe. their necks and shoulders reverently bent. intelligence in the hearts of the learned. Indra and the hosts of devas uttered their words of praise. Therefore you are chanted (as Svaha and Svadha in Sacrifices) by people. or your wonderful feats displayed in battles among all the hosts of gods. we bow in devotion. 'May Chandika.Slaying of Mahisasura' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni. 5. 3. CHAPTER 4:The Devi Stuti The Rishi said: 1-2.

'O Devi. the supreme Vidya which is the cause of liberation. with whom you are well pleased. Mahisasura suddenly struck your face when he saw it. 'You are the soul of Sabda-Brahman. Are you not. 11. 'Far strange it is that after seeing your wrathful face. 'O Devi. O Devi. O Devi. pure. theirs are riches. devoid of attachments. 16. beautiful like the splendour of excellent gold was your face! Yet it was very strange that. they are indeed blessed and possessed of devoted children. therefore O Devi. This was known the very moment when the extensive forces of Mahisasura were brought to their end. you are the Intellect. You are Supreme. You are Durga. the recital of whose words is beautiful sith the Udgitha! You are Bhagavati embodying the three Vedas. who are devoted to Reality. 13. You ( the supreme knowledge) are cultivated by sages desiring liberation. And you are the sustenance whereby life is maintained. those (fortunate ones) are indeed the object of esteem in the country. servants and wives. 'By your grace. 12. whose senses are well restrained. If enraged. by which the essence of all scriptures is comprehended. you are Bhagavati. You are indeed Gauri who has established herself with Shiva. 'O Devi. 10. who can live after beholding the enraged Destroyer? 14. the bestower of reward in all the three worlds? . You are the supreme destroyer of the pain of al the worlds. 15. resembling the full moon's orb. the boat that takes men across the difficult ocean of worldly existence. and have shed all the blemishes. you forthwith destroy the (asura) families for the welfare (of the world). You are the repository of the very pure Rig-veda and Yajus hymns. You are Shri who has invariably taken her abode in the heart of Vishnu. theirs are glories. the blessed individual does daily all righteous deeds with utmost care and thereby attains to heaven. and of Samans. that Mahisasura did not forthwith give up his life! For. terrible with its frowns and red in hue like the rising moon. be propitious. being swayed by anger. 'You who are always bounteous. and great inconceivable penance (are the means for your realization). 'Gently smiling. and their acts of righteousness perish not.9.

and you have dispelled our fear from the frenzied enemies of the devas. (yet) striking fear in enemies? Compassion in heart and relentlessness in battle are een. Salutation to you! 24. Which goddess but you. 19. O Dispeller of poverty. 'Through the destruction of the enemies all these three worlds have been saved by you. may attain the higher worlds. purified by the missiles. 'The world attains happiness by the killing of these (foes) and though these (asuras) have committed sins to keep them long in hell. in the north and in the south by the brandishing of your spear. 25. protect us with your sword. this your peerless beauty is inconceivable for others. protect us with your spear. your nature is to subdue the conduct of the wicked. 21. protect us by the sound of your bell and by the twang of your bow-string. your power destroys those who have robbed the devas of their prowess. O Devi. Such is your most kindly intention towards them. as also with your excludingly terrible forms. in the west. 'Don't' you reduce to ashes all asuras by mere sight? But you direct your weapons against them so that even the inimical ones. When called to mind by those in happiness. 20. 'Protect us and the earth with those lovely forms of yours moving about in the three worlds. it is because they saw also your face resembling the moon. and you have thus manifested your compassion even towards the enemies. . you have led even those hosts of enemies to heaven. 'If the eyes of the asuras had not been put out by the terrible flashes of the mass of light issuing from your sword or by the copious lustre of your spearpoint. you bestow a mind still further pious. has an ever sympathetic heart for helping everyone? 18. 'O Devi. certainly destroy our enemies. let them reach heaven by meeting death eventually at he battle (with me). pain and fear. guard us in the east. O Iswari! 26. 'What is your prowess to be compared to? Where can one find this beauty (of yours) most charming. Having killed them in the battle-front. 22. you remove fear for eve3ry person. O Devi. that you. 'O Chandika. O Bestower of boons. only in you in all the three worlds! 23. 'O Devi. 'When called to mind in a difficult pass.thinking thus. giving out (cool) rays. O Ambika.17.

trident. whenever we think of you again. CHAPTER 5: *****{Devi's conversation with the messenger } Meditation of Mahasaraswati I meditate on the incomparable Mahasaraswati who holds in her (eight) lotus-like hands bell. may you. 'Since our enemy. I shall tell it to you as it happened. prosperity and life. . the Manu. and nothing remains to be done. being thus propitiated by the devas for the sake of the world and for their own sake. 'O Mother of spotless countenance. Thus the supporter of the worlds was praised by the devas. has been slain by Bhagavati (i. wife.e you) everything has been accomplished. O Mahesvari. O Ambika!' The Rishi said: 38-39. Thus have I narrated. 'And if a boon is to be granted to us by you.27.' The Rishi said: 28-30. And again how. 'Choose all of you. listen as I relate it. and with devotion all of them offered her heavenly incense. Benignly serene in countenance she spoke to all obeisant devas. O King. how the Devi who desires the good of all the three worlds made her appearance of yore out of the bodies of the devas. protect us on every side with your sword. 41-42. as a benefactress of the devas. who have become gracious towards us. 'Be it so' and vanished from their sight. spear and club and whatever other weapons your sprout-like (soft) hand has touched. 40. this Mahisasura. O King. Here ends the fourth chapter called "The Devi Stuti " of the Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni. 'O Ambika. worshipped with celestial flowers that blossomed in Nandana and with perfumes and unguents. (Gratified immensely with these hymns. destroy our direct calamities. O devas. 36-37. whatever you desire of me. and whatever mortal shall praise you with these hymns. The Devi said: 31-32. and other fortunes together with riches. and for the protection of worlds. 35. I grant it with great pleasure)' The devas said: 33-34. Bhadrakali said. she appeared in the form of Gauri for the slaying of wicked asuras as well as Sumbha and Nisumbha. be also for his increase in this wealth.

discus. who is knowledge of discrimination and who is blue-black as also smoke-like in complexion. 5. who is the authority of everything.plough. that very moment I will put an end to all your worst calamities. the offices of the sun. mace. 'Salutation to her who is terrible. The Rishi said: 1-2. 11. Salutation to her who is the primordial cause and the sustaining power. themselves. With attention. and Varuna. 'She had granted us the boon. who is the illusive power of Vishnu. Deprived of their lordships and sovereignties. conch. bow and arrow. "Whenever in calamities you think of me. Salutation to the devi who is the form of volition. who is effulgent like destroyer of Sumbha and other asuras. The two. Yama. 'Salutation to the Devi. 4. Salutation to the consort of Shiva who is herself the good fortune as well as misfortune of kings. 12. The devas said: 8-9. by force of their pride and strength. and there extolled the Devi. They themselves exercised Vayu's authority and Agni's duty. the moon. we make salutations to her who is prosperity and success. . 10. the devas were defeated. 13. the devas went to Himavat. to her who is eternal. lord of the mountains. who issued forth from Parvati's body and is the substratum of the three worlds. Salutation always to her who's is of the form of the moon and moon-light and happiness itself. who is essence. Salutation to her who is the support of the world. the supporter(of the Universe). Resolving thus. all the devas thought of the invincible Devi. 'We bow to her who is welfare. Of yore Indra's (sovereignty) over the three worlds and his portions of the sacrifices were taken away by the asuras. Salutation always to her who is ever auspicious. 3. Deprived of their functions and expelled by these two great asuras. took over likewise. Kubera. 6. we salute her again and again. Salutation to Gauri. 'We prostrate before her who is at once most gentle and most terrible. Sumbha and Nisumbha. 'Salutations always to Durga who takes one across in difficulties. to the Mahadevi."' 7. we have made obeisance to her.

'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of modesty. 35-37. 17-19.14-16. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who in all beings is called Vishnumaya. 26-28. 44-46. 23-25. 41-43. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of peace. 47-49. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of good fortune. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings as consciousness. 56-58. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of loveliness. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of genus. 32-34. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of intelligence. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of faith. 50-52. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of power. 53-55. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of hunger: 29-31. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of reflection. . 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of forgiveness. 38-40. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of sleep. 20-22. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of thirst.

'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of mother. 65-67.' The Rishi said: 83-84. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of activity. may she. abides in the form of consciousness. 'And who is now again. Parvathi came there to bathe in the waters of the Ganga. 'This hymn is addressed to me by the assembled devas set at naught by the asura Sumbha and routed in battle by Nisumbha. 74-76. destroys this very moment all our calamities. called to mind by us obeisant with devotion. devas.59-61. She. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of memory. the source of all good. accomplish for us all auspicious things and put an end to our calamities! 82. 77. the Isvari. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of contentment. pervading the entire world. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of error. 81. reverenced by us. while the devas were thus engaged in praises and (other acts of adoration). 'Who is praised by you here?' An auspicious goddess. 68-70. 78-80. . said to those devas. 'Salutations again and again to the all-pervading Devi who constantly presides over the senses of all beings and (governs) all the elements. 'Salutations again and again to her who. 85. O Prince. 62-64. tormented by arrogant asuras and who. 'Invoked of yore by the devas for the sake of their desired object. and adored by the lord of the devas every day. the lovely-browed. gave the reply: 86. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings in the form of compassion. 71-73. sprung forth from her physical sheath.

saw that Ambika (Kausiki) bearing a surpassingly charming form. Ascertain who that Goddess is and take possession of her. 'O Lord. elephants. 'Here is the treasure named Mahapadma brought from the lord of wealth. has been brought away from Indra and so also this Parijata tree and the horse Uccaihsravas. O Lord of the daityas. horses and others there are in the three worlds. the noose of the ocean-king is among your brother's possessions. of exquisitely beautiful limbs. 'Here stands in your courtyard the wonderful chariot yoked with swans. They both told Sumbha: 90. 'Nishumbha has every kind of gem produced in the sea. two servants of Sumbha and Nisumbha. 98. 'Airavata. 91. 94. 'Such supreme beauty was never seen by any one anywhere. Then. Parvati became dark and was called Kalika and stationed on mount Himalaya. 'In your house stands the gold-showering umbrella of Varuna. illuminating the quarters with her lustre there she is. O Lord. a certain woman. Fire also gave you two garments which are purified by fire. O Lord of the asuras! 92. 99. they are all now in your house. most surpassingly beautiful. 95. You should see her. 89. Canda. And here is the excellent chariot that was formerly Prajapati's. And the ocean gave a garland named Kinjalkini made of unfading lotus flowers. Death's shakti weapon named Utkrantida has been carried off. After she had issued forth. It has been brought here from Brahma to whom it originally belonged. she is glorified as Kaushiki in all the worlds. and Munda. dwells there shedding lustre on mount Himalaya.87. whatever jewels. By you. 'A gem among women. a wonderful gem (of its class). 88. gem among elephants. 96. 'O King. . Because that Ambika came out of Parvati's physical sheath (Kosa). precious stones. 97. 93.

He went there where the Devi was staying in a very beautiful spot on the mountain and spoke to her in fine and sweet words. 'Thus. Think over this in your mind. Sent by him as messenger. whatever other rare objects there existed among the devas. 112. lord of asuras. "We look upon you. "All the three worlds are mine and the devas are obedient to me. Sumbha. I enjoy all their hares in sacrifices separately. "Take to me or to my younger brother Nisumbha of great prowess. He said: 103. the vehicle of the king of devas carried away be me. "Wealth.100."' The Rishi said: 115-116. great and beyond compare. you will get by marrying me. as the jewel of womankind in the world. by whom this universe is supported. You who are such. Airavata. "O beautiful lady. The Devi said: . 109-110. O unsteady-eyed lady.' 104. then became serene and said. 'Go and tell her thus in my words and do the thing in such a manner that she may quickly come to me in love. 'O Devi. O Lord of asuras. since we are the enjoyers of the best objects. The messenger said: 105-106. I have come here to your presence. Sumbha sent the great asura Sugriva as messenger to the Devi. Durga the adorable and auspicious. On hearing these words of Chanda and Munda. is the supreme sovereign of three worlds. The devas themselves offered to me with salutations that gem of horses named Uccaisravas which arose at the churning of milk-ocean. for you are in truth a jewel. and become my wife. 111. come to me. 113. 'Hearken to what has been said by him whose command is never resisted among the devas and who has vanquished all the foes of the asuras: 108. '(He says). all gems have been brought by you. "All the choicest gems in the three worlds are in my possession. 114. 107. O Devi. Why this beautiful lady-jewel is not seized by you? The Rishi said: 101-102. and so is the gem of elephants. Thus told. the gandharvas and nagas are now with me.

'But in this matter. Let it not be that you go to them with your dignity lost be being dragged by your hair. 'Go back. Sumbha is indeed the sovereign of the three worlds an likewise is also Nisumbha.117-118. a woman. 120. Talk not so before me. it is. how will you. Sumbha is strong and so is Nisumbha exceedingly heroic! What can I do since there stands my ill-considered vow taken long ago? 129. You have spoken truth. Vanquishing me here. let him soon take my hand in marriage. face them? 126. filled with indignation on hearing the words the Devi.' Here ends the fifth chapter called 'Devi's conversation with the messenger' of the Devimahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni." 121. CHAPTER 6: ***** {The Slaying of Dhumralocana} The Rishi said: 1-2. 'Yes. 'So let Sumbha come here then. Why delay?' The messenger said: 122-123.' The Devi said: 127-128. you are haughty. "He who conquers me in battle. let him do whatever he considers proper. Why mention you. you go to Sumbha and Nisumbha. 'Indra and all other devas could not stand in battle against Sumbha and other demons. 'O Devi. Which man in the three worlds will stand before Sumbha and Nisumbha? 124. 'All the devas verily cannot stand face to face with even the other asuras in battle. The messenger. 'On my word itself. O Devi. or Nisumbha the great asura. returned and related them in detail to the king of the daityas. . 119. and tell the lord of asuras carefully all this that I have said. how can that which has been promised be made false? Hear what promise I had made already out of foolishness. a single woman? 125. removes my pride and is my match is strength in the world shall be my husband. the Manu. nothing false has been uttered by you in this matter.

Thus told. If you thus take me by force. 'If you will not go to my lord with pleasure now. 'You are sent by the lord of the asuras. vehicle of the Devi.' The Devi said: 10-11. others with its mouth. 16. 15. accompanied by sixty thousand asuras. 17. On seeing the Devi stationed on the snowy mountain. the asura Dhumralocana rushed towards her and thereupon Ambika reduced him to ashes with a mere heave of the sound 'hum' 14. distressed when dragged by her hair. Some asuras. Then the asura Dhuralocana. a chieftain of the daityas: 'O Dhumralocana. commanded thus by Sumbha. and making the most terrific roar. In a moment all that army was destroyed by that high-spirited and exceedingly enraged lion who bore the Devi. fell on the army of the asuras. heard that asura Dhumralocana was slain by the Devi and all his army was destroyed by . a yaksa or a gandharva. then what can I do to you?' The Rishi said: 12-13. mighty yourself and accompanied by an army. with its claws. The lion. 19. hasten together with your army and fetch here by force that shrew. 20-21. 5. he asked her aloud. 'Or if any one else stands up as her saviors. And it severed arms and heads from others.3-4. told Dhumralocana. Then the lion. javelins. let him be slain. Then the great army of asuras became enraged and showered on Ambika sharp arrows. distressed when dragged by your hair. 8. Then the asura monarch. 18. When Sumbha. and other great asuras. here I take you by force. the lord of asuras. and shaking its mane drank the blood from the hearts of others. 9. by treading over with its hind legs. 'Come to the presence of Sumbha and Nisumbha. shaking its mane in anger. enraged on hearing that report from his messenger. and axes. be he a god.' The Rishi said: 6-7. it slaughtered with a blow of its fore paw. tore out the hearts of some and severed heads with a blow of the paw. went forth quickly.

and others approached her. decorated with a garland of skull. with gaping mouth. Out from the surface of her forehead. the Manu. and bring her here speedily. 10. dragging her by her hair or binding her. and with Chanda and Munda at their head. very appalling owing to her emaciated flesh. 7-9. 'O Chanda. On seeing her. 5.' Here ends the sixth chapter called 'The Slaying of Dhumralocana' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya purana during the period of Savarni. seize that Ambika.the lion of the Devi. fully armed. with their bows bent and swords drawn. go there with large forces. fearful with her tongue lolling out. seated upon the lion on a huge golden peak of the great mountain. 3. issued suddenly Kali of terrible countenance. 4. They saw the Devi. 6. smiling gently. Bearing the strange skull-topped staff. and falling upon impetuously and slaughtering the great asuras in that army. marched in fourfold array. and in her anger her countenance then became dark as ink. Snatching the elephants with one hand she flung them into her mouth together with their rear men and drivers and their warrior-riders and bells. Thereupon Ambika became terribly angry with those foes. his lip quivered and he commanded the two mighty asuras Chanda and Munda: 22-23. armed with a sword and noose. some of them excited themselves and made an effort to capture her. then let the asuras strike (her) in the fight with all their weapons. she devoured those hosts of the foes of the devas. But if you have any doubt about doing that. Then at his command the asuras. clad in a tiger's skin. . 24. fierce with frown. O Munda. he was infuriated. bind and bring her quickly. CHAPTER 7:*****The slaying of Chanda and Munda The Rishi said: 1-2. having deepsunk reddish eyes and filling the regions of the sky with her roars. 'When that shrew is wounded and her lion stricken down.

Munda also rushed at her. and chariot with its driver. and another of her body. Then the Devi. laughed terribly with exceeding fury. striking him with her sword in her fury. Taking likewise into her mouth the cavalry with the horses. Thereat Kali. and Munda with discuses hurled in thousands covered that terribleeyed(Devi). 17. rushed at Chanda. 24. On seeing all the hosts of asuras laid low in a moment. The great asura (Chanda) with very terrible showers of arrows. 23. mounting upon her great lion. And she caught with her mouth the weapons and the great arms shot by those asuras and crunched them up with her teeth in her fury. 12. and seizing him by his hair. holding the heads of Chanda and Munda in her hands. 14. approached Chandika and said. 21. she ground them most frightfully with her teeth. 22. devoured some and battered others. disappearing into her mouth. Chanda rushed against that Kali. 16. and other asuras met their death being ground with the edge of her teeth. 13. looked like numerous solar orbs disappearing into the midst of a cloud. She destroyed all that host of mighty and evil-natured asuras. Seeing the most valiant Chanda and Munda laid low. 15. who was exceedingly terrible. the remaining army there became panicky and fled in all directions. her words mingled with very loud laughter. you shall yourself slay. who was roaring frightfully. Sumbha and Nisumbha.' The Rishi said: . Some were killed with her word. And Kali. She felled him also the ground. some were beaten with her skulltopped staff. 18. severed his head with her sword. 19.11. Seeing Chanda laid low. 20. She seized one by the hair and another by the neck. Those numerous discuses. 'Here have I brought you the heads of Chanda and Munda as two great animal offerings in this sacrifice of battle. whose fearful teeth were gleaming within her dreadful mouth. one she crushed by the weight of the foot.

Vishnu and Indra. powerful Sumbha. club. 14. surrounded by their own forces. Shiva. advanced to attack the asuras.25-27. CHAPTER 8: *****{The Slaying of Raktabija} The Rishi said: 1-3. Kali. 20. At this moment. Maheshvari arrived. and the eightyfour Kambus. lion and bell by her terrific roars. She is called Brahmani. The Shakti of Hari. On hearing that roar the enraged asura battalions surrounded the lion. 8. Daurhrdas. attended by many thousands of big forces. go out. Thereupon seeing those asuras. 11. 12-13. Thereon her lion made an exceedingly loud roar. wearing bracelets of great snakes and adorned with a digit of the moon. the lord of the asuras and a ferocious ruler. she also advanced there in a boar-like form. Ambika Kaumari. and many of the battalions were destroyed. in the form of Guha.with all their forces. In a heavenly chariot drawn by swans advanced Brahma's Shakti carrying a rosary and Kamandalu. 'Let the fifty asura families of Kotiviryas and the hundred families of Dhaumras go forth at my command. in that very form his Shakti advanced to fight with the asuras. 15.' 7. who assumed the incomparable form of a sacrificial boar. endowed with exceeding vigour and strength. in order to annihilate the enemies of devas and for the well-being of the supreme devas. O King. you O Devi. the auspicious Chandika said to Kali these playful words: 'Because you have brought me both Chanda and Munda. O King. Chanda and Munda brought to her. . during the period of Savarni. 17. holding conch. 9. and Ambika magnified those roars with the clanging of the bell. and with the form of those devas went to Chandika. 18. Likewise the Shakti of Vishnu came. holding a fine trident. 16. Here ends the seventh chapter called 'The slaying of Chanda and Munda' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya purana. 'Let the asurasa Kalakas. seated on a bull. Sumbha. went forth. expanding her mouth wide and filling the quarters with the sound (hum ) overwhelmed the noises of her bow-string. 'Now let the eighty-six asuras . bow and sword in hand. the Devi (Chandika) and Kali on all the four sides. whatever his ornaments and vehicle. the lord of the asuras. Shaktis from the bodies of Brahma. commanded then the mobilization of all the daitya hosts: 4. Chandika filled into space between the earth and the sky with the twang of her bowstring. Whatever was the form of each deva. 19. shall be famed in the world by the name Chamunda. 5. 6. the Mauryas and the Kalakeyas hasten at my command and march forth ready for battle. 10. with mid overcome by anger. there issued forth. Guha. After the daitya Chanda was slain and Munda was laid low. holding a spear in hand riding on a fine peacock.upraising their weapons . Narasmihi arrived there. the Manu. seated upon Garuda. After issuing these orders. Seeing that most terrible army coming.

"' 28. Then. Then in the very beginning. my lord. roamed about in the battle. Likewise the thousand-eyed Aindri. Thereupon from the body of Devi issued forth the Shakti of Chandika. Torn to pieces by the thunderbolt which come down upon them. the enraged foes of the devas poured in front on the Devi showers of arrows. 25. 36. surrounded by those shaktis of the devas. 24. Because that Devi appointed "Shiva" himself as ambassador thenceforth she became renowned in this world as Shiva-duti. Narasmihi. bringing down the constellations by the toss of her mane. Whenever from his body there fell to the ground a drop of blood. Blood flowed quickly and . and the other asuras assembled there for battle. at that moment rose up from the earth asura of his stature. she clove those arrows. on their part. 29. in front of him (Sumbha). as ambassador to the presence of Sumbha and Nisumbha. wherever she moved. Shattered by the boarformed goddess (Varahi)with blows of her snout. Seeing the asuras harassed by the band of Matrs and fleeing. 30. with her javelin. she then devoured them who had fallen down. darts and axes hurled by them. The great asura fought with Indra's shakti with club in his hand. 37. (the asuras) fell down. javelins and spears. most terrific. 43. Let my jackals be satiated with your flesh. 34. the troops of the enemies of devas took to their heels. And that invincible (Shakti) told Shiva. 26. spears. 35. Sumbha and Nisumbha. stalked Kali. said to Chandika. the great asura Raktabija strode forward to fight in wrath. wounded in their chests by the point of her tusk and torn by her discus. 21. then Aindri also struck Ranktabija with her thunderbolt. 38. hurled by Aindri. "But if through pride of strength you are anxious for battle. 42. 32. 31. if you wish to live.assuming a body like that of a Narasmiha. "Let Indra obtain the three worlds and let the devas enjoy the sacrificial oblations. 41. were filled with indignation and went where Katyayani stood. with her discus and Kaumari. 'Tell the two haughty asuras. 'Let the asuras be killed forthwith by you for my gratification. of dark coloured matted locks. devouring other great asuras torn by her claws. Seeing the enraged band of Matrs crushing the great asuras thus by various means.' 23. And lightly. 33. 'Go. hearing the words of the Devi communicated by Shiva. and Vaisnavi. daityas and danavas fell on the earth in hundreds. The very wrathful Maheshvari slew the daityas with her trident. You go to the nether world. made the enemies bereft of valour and prowess by sprinkling on them the water from her Kamandalu. holding a thunderbolt in hand and riding on the lord of elephants arrive just like Sakra (Indra). exceedingly fierce and yelling like a hundred jackals. come on then. with the huge arrows shot from her full-drawn bow. streams of blood flowing out of them. 22. 40. Then Shiva. Those great asuras. 27. filling all the quarters and the sky with her roars. the asuras fell down on the earth. piercing the enemies to pieces with her spear and crushing them with her skull-topped staff. And Brahmani. Demoralised by the violent laughter of Shivaduti. 39.

with his blood emptied. 49. Chandika laughed and said to Kali. struck everyone of the Matrs severally with his club. 50. 55. As many drops of blood fell from his body. Here ends the eighth chapter called 'The Slaying of Raktabija' of Devimahatmya in Markandeya-purana. 61. 48. so may persons came into being. The Chamunda devoured those great asuras who sprang up from the flow of blood in her mouth. the Devi next smote him (Raktabija) with her dart. 'O Chamunda. 45. 58-60. hundreds of asuras came into being. there Chamunda swallowed it with her mouth. his blood flowed and therefrom were born persons in thousands. and Mahesvari with her trident. So shall this daitya. that great asura also. 'Roam about in the battle-field. with this mouth quickly take in the drops of blood generated by the blow of my weapon and (also) the great asuras born of the drops of blood of Raktabija. From the stream of blood which fell on the earth from him when he received multiple wounds by the spears. 51. The world was pervaded by thousands of great asuras who were of his stature and who rose up from the blood that flowed from him when cloven by the discus of Vaisnavi. the devas got intensely alarmed at this. during the period of Savarni. 62. Aindri beat that lord of asuras with her club. Seeing the devas dejected. The band of Matrs who sprang from them dance. And again when his head was wounded by the fall of her thunder-bolt. thunderbolt. Then Kali drank Raktabija's blood with her mouth. devouring the great asuras that spring from him. darts and other weapons. And those persons also sprung up from his blood fought there with the Matrs in a more dreadful manner hurling the very formidable weapons. perish. Vaisnavi struck him with her discus in the battle. And from his stricken body wherever blood flowed copiously. 56. Stricken with a multitude of weapons and bloodless. open out your mouth wide. filled with wrath. 'As you go on devouring these. arrows. From the blood rose up (fresh)combatants of his form and valour. And those asuras that were born from the blood of Raktabija pervaded the whole world. 57. Then and there he struck Chandika with his club. Kaumari struck the great asura Raktabija with her spear. other fierce (asuras) will not be born. Thereupon the devas attained great joy. and drank his (Raktabija's ) blood. and spears. 53-54. being intoxicated with blood. strength and valour. the great asura (Raktabija) fell on the ground. 46. CHAPTER 9:*****{The Slaying of Nisumbha} . The Devi (Kausiki) smote Raktabija with her dart. 63. O King. O King.profusely from him who was wounded by the thunderbolt. when Chamunda went on drinking his book. And Raktabija. 44. with his courage. Varahi with her sword. the Manu. The blow of his club caused her not even the slightest pain. 47.' Having enjoined her thus. swords. 52.

flaming most terribly and shining like a mass of fire. Then Kali. struck the lion. 13. (Sumbha) got infuriated in the extreme. and Sumbha flew into an utmost rage. 25. Then brandishing his club. 11. 14. When his shield was slit and his sword too broken. After Raktabija was slain and other asuras were killed in the fight. great asuras. 17. Nisumbha. 12.The king (Suratha) said: 1-2. which made the elephants give up their violent rut. 21. 6. Standing in his chariot and grasping excellent weapons in his long and incomparable eight arms. grasping a sharp sword and a shining shield. advanced to slay the Devi. with his own troops to slay Chandika in this rage. rained a most tempestuous shower of arrows on her. 3. the Devi quickly cut Nisumbha's superb sword with a sharp-edged arrow and also his shield on which eight moons were figured. which was unbearable in the extreme. 15. In front of him behind him and on both sides of him. As Ambika said. the asuras were frightened by those sounds. as it advanced towards her. 'Be victorious'. Sumbha and Nisumbha who. the asura hurled his spear. Chandika with numerous arrows quickly split the arrows shot by the two asuras and smote the two lords of asuras on their limbs with her mass of weapons. cleft by the trident of the Devi. 18. Then the danava Nisumbha. When his brother Nisumbha of terrific prowess fell to the ground. 9. Seeing him approaching. Enraged on seeing his great army slaughtered. the Devi blew her conch. (came down) and struck the earth with both her hands. springing upwards in the sky. And (the Devi) filled all directions with the ringing of her bell. Sumbha also. it also turned to ashes. 10. went forward. the great carrier of the Devi on the head. and made a twang of her bow-string. was split into two by her discus. surrounded. after fighting with the Matrs. 'Wonderful is this that you. stop. by its noise all the previous sounds were drowned. the earth and the ten quarters of the sky with loud roars. 20. have related to me about the greatness of the Devi's act in slaying Raktabija. 'I wish to hear further what the very irate Sumbha and Nisumbha did after Raktabija was killed. adorable sir. like two thunder-clouds. . 'O evil-natured one. 19. 7. 23. and strode forward to slay Ambika. as it was coming along. and that missile also. Then the Devi assailed the heroic danava advancing with battle-axe in hand. 16. enraged and biting their lips. 8. which Sumbha approaching hurled was. as it came. Then commenced severe combat between the Devi on one side and on the other. he flung it against Chandika. 22. Sivaduti made a loud ominous peal of laughter. stop'. 24. Nisumbha then rushed forward with the chief forces of the asuras. seized a dart. When her carrier was struck. The lion filled the heaven. mighty in valour. the Devi powdered with a blow of her fist.' The Rishi said: 4-5. The spear. and that also. and laid him low on the ground. which destroys the strength of all the daitya hosts. the devas stationed in the sky cheered her with the words. the asura Sumbha and Nisumbha gave way to unbounded wrath. swelling with wrath. he shone by pervading the entire sky.

Some asuras perished (themselves). The interspace between the three worlds was pervaded by Sumbha's lion-like roar. the Manu. CHAPTER 10:*****{The Slaying of Sumbha} The Rishi said: 1-3. was advancing with the dart in hand. O King. 28. but the dreadful thunder-clap ( of the Devi) smothered that. issued forth another person of great strength and valour. Some great asuras perished. and his army being slaughter. the afflictor of the devas. some were powdered on the ground by the blows from the snout of Varahi. The lion then devoured those asuras whose necks he had crushed with his fierce teeth. Though you are exceedingly haughty. As Nisumbha. regaining consciousness seized his bow and struck with arrows the Devi and Kali and the lion. Thereupon Nisumbha. 33. 'O Durga who are puffed up with pride of strength. putting forth a myriad arms. don't show your pride (here). 27. Chandika colve his club with her sharp-edged sword. 37. (each with her and his) sharp arrows in hundreds and thousands. severed the head of him. Thereupon he fell to the ground. Sumbha angrily said. 'I am all alone in the world here. some fled from the great battle. Then Bhagavati Durga. . Then Nisumbha.' 36.put out by a great firebrand (from the Devi). swiftly seizing his club. From his (Nisumbha's) heart that was pierced by the dart. 32. 41. Others were repulsed by (sprinkling of ) the water purified by the incantation of Brahmani. Then the Devi. laughing aloud. Chandika pierced him in the heart with a swiftly hurled dart. Seeing his brother Nisumbha slain. Wounded therewith. Then Chandika became angry and smote him with a trident. and others again by the thunderbolt discharged from the palm of Aindri. 29. Some danavas were cut to pieces by the discus of Vaisnavi. became angry and split those discuses and those arrows with her own arrows. O vile one. rushed at Chandika to sly her. surrounded by the daitya host. who issued forth. you. Here ends the ninth chapter called 'the Slaying of Nisumbha' of Devi mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni. 40. with her sword. the son of Diti. The Devi split the arrows shot by Sumbha. being pierced through by the spear if Kaumari. 26. and Kali and Sivaduti devoured others.' The Devi said: 4-5. Others fell. and others were devoured by Kali. the destroyer of difficulties and afflictions. exclaiming (at the Devi) 'Stop. covered Chandika with myriad discuses. As he was just rushing at her. and her took hold of a dart. fight. these Goddesses. 31. and Sumbha also split the arrows discharged by her. who was dear to him as his life. 38. 34. And the danuja-lord. Who else is there besides me? See. 30. pierced by a trident wielded by Mahesvari. he fainted and fell to the ground. Sivaduti and the lion. 35. resorting to the strength of others. 39.

those have been withdrawn by me. 25. 12. the Paramesvari playfully broke the excellent missiles that he discharged. he sprang up and mounted on high into the sky. being ready to kill Ambika. shaking the entire earth with its seas. Seeing that lord of all the daitya-folk approaching. with his bow broken. 14. without a charioteer. There also Chandika. she split the mace of Sumbha. Brahmani and the rest. The daitya-king brought his fist down on the heart of the Devi. With a discus. Flung thus. With sharp arrows. Then began a dreadful battle between them both. the Devi and Sumbha. 13. 27. When he had been slain. and (now) I stand alone. both engaged again in a combat that frightened all the worlds. 17. and the Devi in wrath split his bow with her arrows. 24. lifted him up. taking his sword bright like the sun and shining shield bearing the images of a hundred moons. which wrought surprise to the Siddhas and sages. 30. 19. and the sky grew clear. Then the lord of daityas broke the divine missiles. the daitya then grasped his terrible mace. raising his fist. with each other in the sky in a close contact. Be steadfast in combat. Then all those. entering into my own self!' 6. piercing him on the chest with a dart. 23. With his steeds slain. When that evil-natured (asura) was slain. wounded by the blow of her palm fell on the earth. Next the supreme monarch of the daityas. Others sounded . the Devi.who are but my own powers. Even then. 18. islands and mountains. 22. 16. with sharp weapons and frightful missiles. whirled him around and flung him down on the earth. With fierce shout of hum and the like. while all the devas and asuras looked on. 20. a never before. who was rushing at her. 31-32. the universe became happy and regained perfect peace. ' The numerous forms which I projected by my power here . were absorbed in the body of the Devi. as also his shield as bright as the solar rays. And when the bow was split the lord of the daityas took up his spear. 15. Ambika alone then remained. but immediately he rose up again. and the Gandharvas sang sweetly. and the Devi also with her palm smote him on his chest. he rushed swiftly at her. with (weapons) that repulsed them. With showers of arrows. Seizing the Devi. 28. Then the daitya (Sumbha) and Chandika fought. and the rivers kept within their courses when (Sumbha) was stricken down there. 26. 11. The Devi said: 7-8. Just as he was rushing forward. after carrying on a close fight for a vary long time with him. Pierced by the pointed dart of the Devi he fell lifeless on the ground. Then the asura covered the Devi with hundreds of arrows. 21. the minds of all the bands of devas became overjoyed. Ambika then. rushed at the Devi at that moment. hastily rushed forward desiring to kill Chandika. 29. The daitya-king. Chandika split his sword with sharp arrows shot from her bow. which Ambika discharged in hundreds. the Devi split that (spear) also in this hand. without any support. Flaming portentclouds that were in evidence before became tranquil. fought with him.' The Rishi said: 910. the evil-natured (Sumbha) reaching the earth and raising his fist. threw him down on the earth.

O Mother of the universe. what words. and bestower of the enjoyment and liberation. You are the primeval maya. the Mother. O you. CHAPTER 11: *****{Hymn to Narayani} The Rishi said: 1-2. O Devi Narayani. You are the substratum and embodiment of the three gunas. the sun became very brilliant. 'When you have been lauded as the embodiment of all beings. By you alone. bring about change in things.(their instruments). you become the cause of final emancipation in this world. which is the source of the universe. By you. 'Salutation be to you. in the form of minutes. O Narayani. praised her. O Narayani. can praise you? 8. and have endless valour. who exist in the shape of water. by you all this (universe) has been thrown into an illusion. When the great lord of asuras was slain there by the Devi. the Manu. O auspicious Devi. O Devi. If you become gracious. however excellent. because you subsist in the form of the earth. so are all women in the world. 12. who accomplish every object. 'Salutation be to you. You are. endowed with various attributes. 4. Devi. 'O Devi. O Narayani. Indra and other devas led by Agni. O Mother of the whole world. all this (universe) is gratified. 'You are the sole substratum of the world. the ruler of all that is moving and unmoving. likewise favourable winds blew. the giver of refuge. and the bands of nymphs danced. O you who ride in the heavenly chariot yoked with swans and assume the form of Brahmani. Be propitious. Katyayani: The devas said: 3. 'Salutation be to you O Narayani. you who have the power of creation. this world is filled. moments and other divisions of time. you who remove the sufferings of your suppliants. O you who. O Devi. O you who are the good of all good. and have (thus ) the power to destroy the universe. What praise can there be for you who are of the nature of primary and secondary expression regarding (objects)worthy of praise? 7. O you who abide as intelligence in the hearts of all creatures. who sprinkle water with Kusa grass. O three eyed Gauri! 11. Protect the universe. 'All lords are your aspects O Devi. sustentation and destruction and are eternal. 'Salutation be to you. O Devi. O Devi of inviolable valour! 5. . Here ends the tenth chapter called 'The Slaying of Sumbha' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana. 9. and bestow enjoyment and liberation. 14. O you who are intent on saving the dejected and distressed that take refuge under YOU. with their object fulfilled and their cheerful faces illumining the quarters. 'You are the power of Vishnu. 'Salutation be to you. O Narayani. 10. during the period of Savarni. 6. be gracious. 'Salutation be to you. the sacred fires blazed peacefully and tranquil became the strange sounds that had risen in different quarters. Be gracious. the Devi (the effulgent one). who remove the sufferings of all! 13.

'Salutation be to you. O you who bear the trident. smeared with the mire like blood and fat of asuras. Those who have sought you become verily a refuge of others. O Narayani. as a mother protects her children. 'Salutation be to you. O you. No calamity befalls men who have sought you. discus. Devi Durga! 25. 28. 'May this benign countenance of yours adorned with three eyes. O you who have a face terrible with tusks. O you of terrible form and loud throat! 21. be propitious. where forest conflagrations (occur). O Narayani. O Narayani. guard us. consort of Vishnu. where foes and hosts of robbers (exist). O you who are immovable O you. dark one. 'Salutation be to you. in the scriptures. which other (goddess) can do that work? 31. 17. O you who in the form of Sivaduti slew the mighty hosts of the daitya. O Devi. who has a boar-like form. and take the form of Vaisnavi. protect us from all fears. 'Who is there except you in the sciences. salutation be to you. club and bow. 'Salutation be to you. you who have a diadem and a great thunderbolt. nature. great Night and great Illusion. 32. multiplying your won form into many. and have the form of Mahesvari. O Chandika. O Narayani. 'Salutation be to you. who are sinless and take the form of Kaumari. 18. O Narayani. the moon and the serpent. and are adorned with a garland of heads. put forth your efforts to sly the daityas. O Narayani. from all evils. prosperity. O Narayani. and in the Vedic sayings the light the lamp of discrimination? (Still) you cause this universe to whirl about again and again within the dense darkness of the depths of attachment. may your trident guard us from fear. 24. O Narayani. O Naraayani. be for our welfare. have now wrought on the great asuras who hate righteousness. 'When satisfied. O Ambika. and took away the life of Vrtra. O Narayani. 'Terrible with flames. and uplift the earth with thy tusk. O Devi. 'Salutation be to you. 'May your bell that fills the world with its ringing. O best one. 16. nourishment and Svadha. 'Where raksasas and snakes of virulent poison (are). you stand and save . in the fierce form of a man-lion. faith. 'Salutation be to you. O you who grasp a huge formidable discus. O slayer of Munda! 22. O Katyayani! 26. 30. there and in the mid-sea. 'Salutation be to you. and ride a big bull. you destroy all illness but when wrathful you (frustrate) all the longed-for desires. great wisdom. Chamunda. O auspicious Devi. O you who are good fortune. O Aindri! 20. you who exist in the form of all. O Devi. 29. and destroys the prowess of the daityas. O you who possess the benevolence of saving the three worlds. 'This slaughter that you. O you who. 'Salutation be to you. we bow to you. O you who hold the great weapons of conch. and possess every might. save us from error. are dazzling with a thousand eyes. O Bhadrakali! 27. Salutation be to you.'Salutation be to you. 23. exceedingly sharp destroyer of all the asuras. and gleaming with rays. 'May your sword. O you who are attended by peacock and cock. be gracious. Salutation be to you. O you who are intelligence and Sarasvati. 19. and bear a great spear. 15. 'O Queen of all. modesty.

' Here ends the eleventh chapter called 'Hymn to Narayani' of Devi-mahatmyam in Markandeyapurana. consisting of innumerable bees. I shall maintain the whole world with life -sustaining vegetables. 'Thereby I shall have the celebrated name of Durgadevi and again. I shall slay the danavas. 'When I shall devour the fierce and great asuras descended from Vipracitti. I shall incarnate and destroy the foes. propitiated by the munis I shall be born on the drought-ridden earth. be gracious to us who have bowed to you. who are the descendants of Vipracitti. O you worthy of adoration by the dwellers of the three worlds. till rains set in. 'O Queen of the universe. At that very period I shall slay the great asura named Durgama. When the (asura) named Aruna shall work great havoc in the three worlds. two other great asuras. 'I shall be famed on the earth then as Sakambhari. I will destroy them both. the Manu. as you have done just now by the slaughter of asuras. 'And again when rain shall fail for a period of hundred years. you support the universe. . for the welfare of the world. having taken a (collective) bee-form. 'O Devi.' The devas said: 38-39. 47. 49. 50-53. shall praise me. be pleased and protect us always from fear of foes. bowing their bodies reverently. 35.' 46. and dwelling on the Vindhya mountains. my teeth shall become red like the flower of pomegranate. 'O Devas. you must destroy all our enemies and all the afflictions of three worlds. Thus whenever trouble arises due to the advent of the danavas. I shall destroy the raksasas for the protection of the munis. ' O Queen of all. and thereby I shall have the celebrated name of Bhimadevi. assuming a terrible form on the mountain Himalaya. Choose whatever boon you desire in your mind. You are the (goddess) worthy to be adored by the Lord of the universe. 34.' 48. in the home of cowherd Nanda. I am prepared to bestow a boon. O devas. Then all the munis. 43. born out of my own (cosmic) body. 'And again having incarnated in a very terrible form on the earth. I shall slay the great asura for the good of the world. during the period of Savarni. 54-55. 'And then people shall laud me every where as Bhramari.' The Devi said: 36-37. The Devi said: 40-41. be boon-giver to the worlds. this same manner. As the self of the universe. And destroy quickly the sins of all worlds and the great calamities which have sprung from the maturing of evil portents. but not womb-begotten. 33. you protect the I shall grant it. 42. 'At that time. Those who bow in devotion to you themselves become the refuge of the universe. 'Then I shall behold the munis with a hundred eyes and so mankind shall glorify me as the 'hundred-eyed. 44. 'O Devi you who remove the afflictions of the universe. 'Then born from the womb of Yasoda. 'When the twentyeighth age has arrived during the period of Avaisvsvata Manu. shall always talk of me as the 'Red-toothed. 'Therefore when devas in heaven and men on the earth praise me. Sumbha and Nisumbha will be born. 45.

all this poem on my acts must be chanted and heard. which is done to .CHAPTER 12: *****{Eulogy of the Merits} The Devi said: 1-2. 8. a man becomes fearless. 7. by feeding Brahmanas. ‘And those also who shall listen with devotion to this sublime poem on my greatness on the eighth. ‘And whoever with a concentrated mind shall pray to me constantly with these. ‘During autumnal seasson. on seeing a bad dream. 12-13. 14. 3. the slaughter Nisumbha likewise. as also the unfavourable influence of planets. and ogres are destroyed by its mere chanting. 16. 6. grains and children. in the fire-ceremony. for it is the supreme course of well-being. and when there is the great evil influence of planets. flowers. be delivered without doubt from all troubles and be blessed with riches. goblins.e. 19. And by means of finest cattle. Verily demons. during worship. 15. ‘Let one listen to this glorification of mine everywhere. and at a great festival. hymns. ‘When sacrifice is offered. ‘The place of my sanctuary where this poem os duly chanted everyday. and by various other offerings and gifts (if one worships) day and night in a year-the gratificattion. ‘This entire glorification of mine draws ( a devotee) very near to me. I will never forsake and there my presence is certain. ‘Hearing this glorification and auspicious appearances of mine. ‘It creates peacefulness in children possessed by the seizes of children(i. 17. the fourteenth and on the ninth days of the fortnight with concentrated mind. and it is the best promoter of friendship among men when split occurs in their union. 10. at a propitiatory ceremony. to them nothing wrong shall happen. I shall without doubt put down every trouble of his. 11. or from weapon. and by perfumes and lamps. ‘(By that means) evil protents subside. welfare accrues and the family rejoices for those who listen to this glorification of mine. and my feats of prowess in battles. as also the threefold naturral calamities. fire and flood. nor calamities that arise from wrong doings nor poverty and never separation from beloved ones. 20-30. ‘May this poem of my glories quell all epidemic calamities. whethere they are done with due knowledge (of sacrifice) or not. 9. when the great annual worship is performed. evil spirits). ‘I will accept with love the sacrifice and worship that are made and the fire-offering that is offered likewise. 4-5.. 18. ‘Hence this poem of my greatness must be chanted by men of concentrated minds an dlistened to always with devotion. the man hearing this glorification of mine with devotion shall certainly through my grace. and the bad dream seen by men turns into a good dream. ‘Enemies perish. arghya and incenses. ‘And those who shall laud (the story of) the destruction of Madhu and Kaitabha. by oblations. ‘He shall not experience fear from enemies. ‘It diminishes most effectively the power of all men of evil ways. by sprinkling (consecrated) water. or from robbers and kings.

who bestows prosperity in the homes of men. she herself becomes the goddess of misfortune. and who were unparallelled in prowess had been slain by the Devi in battle. lions etc. Through my power. she indeed is Lakshmi. or who is pursued by a lion. robbers and enemies. under the orders of a wrathful kinng. 36. And the hymns uttered by you. all the devas also were delivered from fear. or who is afflicted with pain . perfumes. the remaining daityas went away to Patala. and whne propitiated. and when my martial exploit in the form of the slaughter of the wicked daityas is listened to. and those by the divine sages. When praised and worshipped with flowers. vanished on that very spot even as the Devas were gazing one. or who is amidst all kinds of dreadful troubles. By her this universe is deluded. protects the world. In times of prosperity. or who. although eternal. or by wild elephants in a forest. And when entreated. and brings about ruin. is attained by listening but once to this holy story of mine. 38. or has been imprisoned. . The chanting and hearing of the story of my manifestations remove sins. 33. all of them resumed their own duties as before and participated in their shares of sacrifices. She. during the period of Savarni. she bestows wealth and sons. flee from a distance from him who remembers this story of mine. who takes the form of the great destroyer at the end of time. fierce in prowess. 34-35. whe bestows prosperity. the unborn.. who brought ruin on the world.such a man on remembering this story of mine is saved from his strait. Having spoken thus the adorable Chandika. Their foes having been killed. or who is tossed about in his boat by a tempest in the vast sea. men will have no fear from enemies. 40. By her. is sentenced to death. the adorable Devi. 39.. sustains the beings at (another) time. etc.’ The Rishi said: 31-32. Here ends the twelfth chapter called ‘Eulogy of the Merits’ of Devimahatmya in the period of Markandya-purana. He who is (lost) on a lonesome spot in a forest. the eternal Being. and those by Brahma bestow a pious mind. incarnating again and again. or who is captured by enemies. or tiger. the Manu. She indeed takes the form of the great destroyer at the (proper) time. or who is in the most terrible battle under shower of weapons. She herself. indeed becomes this creation (at the time proper for re-creation). incense. When the exceedingly valourous Sumbha and Nisumbha. and a mind bent on righteousness and prosperous life. the Mahakali. she bestows supreme knowledge. or is surrounded by forest fire. and in times of misfortune. or who is surrounded by robbers in a desolate sopt. all this cosmic sphere is pervaded. the most fierce foes of devas. and it is she who creates this universe. and grant perfect health and protect one from evil spirits. 37. Thus O King.

Well-leased I bestow those to you both. this sublime poem on the glory of the Devi. 18. shall be the Manu named . his own kingdom wherein the power of his enemies is destroyed by force. and the merchant. you shall gain another birth from the Deva Vivasvat (Sun). the delight of your family. having heard this speech prostrated before the illustrious Rishi of sever penances and immediately repaired to perform austerities. O great King. 3. was well pleased and spoke to them in visible form. the Devi disappeared forthwith. incense. when you are dead. By her. chanting the supreme Devi-sukta (hymn to the Devi). Chandika. with controlled minds propitiated her thus for three years. receive all that from me. imperishable even in another life. and shall be a Manu on earth by name Savarni. the upholder of the world.CHAPTER 13: *****{The bestowing of boons to Suratha and Vaisya} The Rishi said: 1-2. Suratha. shall obtain a new birth through Surya (and of his wife Savarna). and will be deluded (in the future). Both king and the merchant. 22-23. 28-29. Having made an earthen image of the Devi on the sands of the river. Then the King chose a kingdom. 24-25. Then the wise merchant also. this merchant and other men of discrimination. as they were extolling her with devotion. King Suratha who had become despondent consequent on his excessive attachment and the deprivation of his kingdom. What you solicit. Markandeya said: 26-27. you. and shall be the Manu(eighth) named Savarni. (Supreme) knowledge shall be yours. are being deluded. O great sage. and in this life itself. By her this world is upheld. you shall obtain your own kingodm and it shall last with you there. Markandeya said (to his disciple Bhaguri): 6-8. and now restraining in their food. The Devi said: 19-21. they both offered sacrifices sprinkled with blood drawn from their own bodies. Having thus granted them both the boon that wach desired. I have now narrated to you. I grant you the boon which you have desired of me. The Devi is endowed with such majestic power. for your self-realization’. the foremost of Ksatriyas. The Devi said: 13-15. Markandaya said: 16-17. heaven and final release (from transmigration). When they. ‘And. the illusive power of Bhagavan Vishnu. 10. take refuge in her. 9. 4. the supremem Isvari. 11. in order to obtain a vision of Amba. 5. Knowledge is similarly conferred by her. O the best of merchants. whose mind was full of dipassion for the world. Now abstaining from food. 12. and you. O King. chose tha knowledge which removes the attachment (in the form of) ‘mine’ and ‘I’. with their minds on ther and with concentration. and others were deluded (in the past). they both wroshipped her with flowers. after slaying your foes in a few days. O King. stationed themselves on the sand-bank of a river and practised penances. ‘and. fire and libation of water. O King. Having thus gained the boon from the Devi. She indeed when worshipped bestows on men enjoyment.

Here ends the Devi-Mahatmya of 700 Mantras. the Manu. {OM TAT SAT OM.} . during the period of Savarni.Savarni. Here ends the thirteenth chpater called ‘The bestowing of boons to Suratha and Vaisya’ of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeyapurana.

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