GoJuRyu Karate Terms and Kanji | Linguistics | Languages

Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations

剛柔流空手道の専門用語

Karate Terms
& Translations
Gō Jū Ryū Kara Te Dō no Sen Mon Yō Go

剛柔流空手道の専門用語

Researched & Compiled by Bruce A. Brunger
(B.A. in Japanese Language)
Source: The Modern Reader’s Japanese-English Character Dictionary by Andrew Nelson, Ph.D.
(1)
© Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Brunger. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied, reproduced, altered, stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations

剛柔流空手道の専門用語

Table of Contents
Introduction & Pronunciation Guide ………………………………………..…… 3 General Terms & Phrases …………………………………………………….….. 7 Names of Stances …………………………………………………………….…. 16 Names of Blocks …………………………………………………………….….. 20 Names of Strikes ………………………………………………………….….…. 33 Names of Kicks …………………………………………………………….….... 37 Names of Kata ……………………………………………………………….….. 39 Miscellaneous Terms ……………………………………………………….….... 43 Names of Schools of Japanese Martial Arts …………………………………….. 49

(2)
© Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Brunger. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied, reproduced, altered, stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations

剛柔流空手道の専門用語

Introduction
This compilation has been carefully researched and prepared to help you learn basic terms used in Gōjūryū Karate, the nuances and meanings behind the original Japanese terms, and to aid your correct pronunciation of the Japanese terms. For translating the Chinese (or kanji) characters of the Japanese terms and defining the root meanings of the characters, the excellent dictionary, The Modern Reader’s Japanese-English Character Dictionary by Andrew Nelson, Ph.D. was used for its thoroughness and conciseness in explaining Japanese words and the meaning of the kanji characters. For those who are interested in studying Japanese words and the kanji characters, there is no finer reference than “Nelson’s Dictionary”. In addition, the terms were also reviewed for accuracy with native Japanese speakers, and proofread by Sensei Cornell Watson (Shihan) of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center. Therefore the resulting compilation is believed to be an accurate and authoritative representation of the correct terms, and will be a great supplement to your study of Gōjūryū Karate. You can also make these into flash cards to review and memorize. It is hoped that this guide will become a source to which you will refer often, and help you to gain a deeper appreciation for the richness, eloquence, nuances and context of the Japanese language as used in Gōjūryū Karate.

Japanese Pronunciation Guide
This section will explain the basics of correctly pronouncing Japanese words. Spoken Japanese consists of simple syllables, generally consisting of a vowel, or a consonant plus a vowel. There are few complex consonant clusters. All vowels and consonants have consistent pronunciation. Consonants are crisply pronounced. Care should be taken when pronouncing Japanese words, as one “slip of the tongue” may result in saying a word incorrectly as gibberish, or perhaps saying an entirely different Japanese word altogether. Throughout this guide, both the literal English transliteration of the Japanese pronunciation is provided, along with a more “phonetic” spelling of the Japanese pronunciation to ensure that you pronounce the words correctly. JAPANESE VOWELS (Ah-Ee-Uu-Eh-Oh) Vowels are always pronounced the same way; long vowels (usually marked in English transliteration with a bar over the vowel (for example, ū) or as two vowels (ou) are simply longer in duration (actually two full syllables), but the sound itself doesn’t change.
A = pronounced “Ah” as in father I = pronounced “Ee” as in eat or each U = pronounced “Oo” as in food or zoo E = pronounced “Eh” as in get or Ted O = pronounced “Oh” as in Ohio YA = pronounced “Yah” as in Yahoo YU = pronounced “Yuu” as in “You” or “Universe” ( = pronounced “Yoh” as in “Yolk” YO )

Some Vowel pronunciation examples: Karate (“Kah-Rah-Teh” NOT “Kuh-Ra-Tee”) Ichi (“Ee-chee” NOT “It-chi”) Ueno (“Oo-Eh-Noh” --- a place in Tokyo)

(3)
© Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Brunger. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied, reproduced, altered, stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations

剛柔流空手道の専門用語

CONSONANTS ( WITH VOWEL COMBINATIONS ) There are about 16 basic consonant types in Japanese which are combined with 8 vowels to create over 88 different sounds in Japanese. The basic consonants in Japanese are fairly straightforward, with only a few exceptions. Pronunciation should always be done clearly. The consonant sounds with the corresponding vowels are shown below:
A Ka Sa Ta Na Ha Ma Ya Ra Wa Ga Za Da Ba Pa Basic Vowel Sounds E O -YA -YU Ke Ko Kya Kyu Se So Sha Shu Te To Cha Chu Ne No Nya Nyu He Ho Hya Hyu Me Mo Mya Myu Yo Ri Re Ro Rya Ryu Wo Gi Gu Ge Go Gya Gyu Ji Zu Ze Zo Ja Jyu Zi Dzu De Do Bi Bu Be Bo Bya Byu Pi Pu Pe Po Pya Pyu (No combinations, just an ending “n”sound, same sound as the “n” in “New”) I Ki Shi Chi Ni Hi Mi U Ku Su Tsu Nu Fu Mu Yu Ru -YO Kyo Sho Cho Nyo Hyo Myo Ryo Gyo Jo Byo Pyo

K S T N H M Y R W G Z or J D or Z B P N

Consonant Pronunciation Guide The following are some common consonant sounds with actual examples in Japanese speech.
Consonant Pronunciation
Ka Ki Ku Ke Ko Kya Kyu Kyo Sa Shi Su Se So Sha Shu Sho Ta Chi Tsu Te To Cha Chu Cho “Kah” (like the sound of a crow, or corn “Cob”) “Kee” (as in the word “key”) “Koo” (as in the word “cookoo”) “Keh” (as in the word “kept”) “Koh” (as in the word “Cocoa”) “Keeyah” “Keeyu” (as in the word “Cute”) “Keeyoh” (as in the word “Tokyo” “Sah” (as in the word “saw”) “Shee” (as in the word “Sheep”) “Soo” (as in the girl’s name “Suzie”) “Seh” (as in the word “Set”) “Soh” (as in the word “Sew” or “Sewing”) “Shaw” (as in the word “Shaman”) “Shoo” (as in the word “Shoe”) “Shoh” (as in the word “Show”) “Tah” (as in the word “Tick-Tock” or “Talk”) “Chee” (as in “Cheetos” or “Cheese”) “Tsoo” (the “TS” sound of “Tse-tse fly”) “Teh” (as in “Teddy Bear”) “Toh” (as in “Toad” or “Toe”) “Chaw” (as in “Chalk” ) “Choo” (as in “Chew” or “Choose”) “Choh” (as in “Chosen” or “Choke”) (4)
© Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Brunger. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied, reproduced, altered, stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

Basic Consonant Sounds

Japanese Example
Karate or Kake Kihon or Ki-Ai Kumite Ken or Uke or Kake Kohai Kyakkō Kyukei Taikyoku Sanchin or Osae Shiko dachi or Shichi Ebisu (a place in Tokyo) Seza or Sensei or Sempai Mokuso or Haisoku Shorisha Shuto Basho or Shokken Kata or O-Tagai ni Dachi or Uchi Zenkutsu Dachi Karate or Kumite or Nukite Haito or Kakato or Shuto Chaku Chudan or Haichu Chotto (Continued on next page…)

T-Series

S-Series

K-Series

All Rights Reserved. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Consonant Pronunciation Guide ( Continued ) Consonant Pronunciation Guide Ha Hi Fu He Ho Hya Hyu Hyo Na Ni Nu Ne No Nya Nyu Nyo Ma Mi Mu Me Mo Mya Myu Myo Ra Ri Ru Re Ro Rya Ryu Ryo Ya Yu Yo Wa Wo Ga Gi G-Series Gu Ge Go Gya Gyu Gyo “Hah” (as in laughing “Ha”) “Hee” (as in “Heat” or “Heap”) “Foo” (actually a softer sound closer to “Huu”) “Heh” (as in “Hem” or “Hemlock”) “Hoh” (as in “Hoe” or “Hope”) “HeeYah” “HeeYuu” (as in the name “Hugh”) “HeeYoh” “Nah” (as in “Nominate” or “Viet Nam”) “Nee” (as in “Knee” or “Need”) “Nuu” (as in “New” or “Knew”) “Neh” (as in “Net” ) “Noh” (as in “No” or “Know”) “NeeYah” (as in “Kenya”) “NeeYuu” (as in “New”) “NeeYoh” “Mah” (as in “Mom” or “Mama”) “Mee” (as in “Me” or Meek”) “Moo” (as in “Move” ) “Meh” (as in “Men” or “Mental”) “Moh” (as in “Mow” or “Motion”) “MeeYah” “MeeYuu” (as in “Music”) “MeeYoh” “Rah” (as in “Rod” or “Raw”) “Ree” (as in “Reed” or “Greed”) “Roo” (as in “Kangaroo”) “Reh” (as in “Red” or Rent” or “Bread”) “Roh” (as in “Road” or “Rope” or “Broke”) “ReeYah” (as in “Diarrhea” ) “ReeYuu” (as in Reunion”) “ReeYoh” (as in Curio” or Rio De Janeiro) “Yah” (as in “Yard”) “Yoo” (as in “You” or “Universe”) “Yoh” (as in “Yogurt”) “Wah” (as in “Watch” or “Wall”) “Woh” (as in “Woe is Me” or “Whoa”) “Gah” (as in “God” or “Got”) “Ghee” (as in Guitar”) “Goo” (as in “Goop” or “Goof”) “Gheh” (as in “Get”) “Goh” (as in “Goat” or “Go”) “GeeYah” (as in “GeeYuu” (as in “GeeYoh” (as in (5) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Japanese Example Hachi or Haito Hira-Ken or Hiza Fumi-komi Heisoku Dachi Hokkaido (place in Japan) Hyaku Hyuga Hyoka or Hyoron Nageru Nihon Nippon Nukite Neko Ashi Dachi Nomu Tenya wanya Nyugakku or Gyunyu Nyobo Mawashi Geri Miyagi Muri Meiso Mokuso Myaku Daimyo or Myoban Ramen Geri Ruiji or Rujiten Rei or Renshu Ushiro or Roku Ryakudatsu Goju-Ryu or Ryukyu Ryoshin or Ryoken Yamato Yuki Yoku Mawashi-Geri Karate wo manabimasu Gakusei or Ganbaru Karate Gi or Giri or Gishiki Guntai or Gushiken Gentei or Geta Gojuryu Gyaku Gyunikku Ningyo (Continued on next page…) W-Series Y-Series R-Series M-Series N-Series H-Series . altered. Brunger. reproduced. This work may not be copied. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder.

which actually represents two syllables (pronounced with a slight pause– Rop’pon-gi. P-Series B-Series D or Z Series (6) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. This work may not be copied. reproduced. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Brunger. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. sometimes a consonant is doubled (Roppongi – Tokyo place. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. (exception: some syllables end in “n” (shinbun = newspaper) (Nihon = Japan). . altered. All Rights Reserved.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Consonant Pronunciation Guide ( Continued ) Consonant Za Ji Zu Ze Zo Jya (Ja) Jyu (Ju) Jyo (Jo) Da Zi Dzu De Do Ba Bi Bu Be Bo Bya Byu Byo Pa Pi Pu Pe Po Pya Pyu Pyo Z or J-Series Pronunciation Guide “Zah” (as in “Zombie” ) “Jee” (as in “Jeep”) “Zoo” (as in “Zoo” or “Zoom”) “Zeh” (as in “Zen”) “Zoh” (as in “Bozo”) “JeeYah” (as in “Jockey” or “John”) “JeeYuu” (as in the name “Hugh”) “JeeYoh” (as in “Joke” “Joan” or “Joe”) “Dah” (as in “Dominate”) “Zhee” (as in “Zebra”) “D’zoo” “Deh” (as in “Destitute”) “Doh” (as in Homer Simpson’s “Doh!” or “Dough”) “Bah” (as in Scrooge’s “Bah Humbug” or “Bottom”) “Bee” (as in “Bumble Bee” or “Beach”) “Boo” (as in “Boo” or “Boom”) “Beh” (as in “Bed” or “Beckon”) “Boh” (as in “Boat” or “Bone”) “BeeYah” (as in “Beyond”) “BeeYuu” (as in “Beautiful”) “BeeYoh” “Pah” (as in “Papa” or “Pajama”) “Pee” (as in “People” or “Peace”) “Poo” (as in “Pool” or “Harpoon”) “Peh” (as in “Pedestrian”) “Poh” (as in “Postal” or “Pole”) “PeeYah” “PeeYuu” (as in “Pupil” or “Purify”) “PeeYoh” Japanese Example Seiza Kanji or Jissai Kanarazu or Zutsu Zen Zosa or Zowai Jyakuten or Jama Judo or Jubun or Gojuryu Jodan or Jozu Damasu or Daraku Desho or Dento Karate Dō or Dojo or Dōzo Baka or Basho Bijin or Bikkuri Budo or Buji or Burei Benkyō or Betsu or Bengoshi Bodai or Sasebo or Bonsai Sanbyaku Byōki Byōteki Byōsei Chuto-hanpa Pinto Sempuki Peko-peko or Peten Sampo or Tampopo Happyaku Happyo Notes: All syllables receive the same amount of stress or emphasis (that means pronouncing Japanese without any stress or emphasis. Hat’chou-bo-ri).) Examples: • “gō-jū-ryū” NOT “go-JU-ryu” • “zen-ku-tsu-da-chi” NOT “zen-KU-tsu-DA-chi” • “ka-ra-te” NOT “Ka-RA-te” • “ne-ko-a-shi-da-chi” NOT “NE-ko-a-SHI-DA-chi You can almost always divide the syllables after a vowel. or Hatchōbori – Tokyo place).

Fashion. Type NOTE: It is interesting to know that the upper portion of the character ( 刑 or Kei ) means “punishment”. Current. Duty. or physically punishing routines performed outside on the ground. Tender. Valor. Model. Fashion.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Gō Goh Jū Joo Ryū Reeyoo ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 剛 柔 流 Strength. Set Pattern. Toughness Gentleness. performed alone against imaginary opponents” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Dō Doh Jō Joh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Practice) Hall” “Gymnasium” “Arena” (Literally: “A Place for Learning The Way”) 道 Way. This work may not be copied. School (of Thought). Hollow Hand(s) Way. reproduced. Scene (7) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Firmness. All Rights Reserved. Path. Journey. Grounds. Manner. Bravery. Graceful. Road. Road. Space. Teachings. altered. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. physically demanding practice. “earth” or “Soil” (土 or Doh ). Morality Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kata KahTah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 型 Set Form or Format. Courage. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Supple Style. Way (of Doing). Flexible. . Ring. Open. Path. Rigid. Softness. Morality 場 Place. Course. Journey. Particular Style. Brunger. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Vacant. Hardness. Flow “The Strong and Gentle Way” “The Way of Hard and Soft” “The Tough but Graceful Style” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kara KahRah Te Teh Dō Doh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Empty Hand” “Open Hand” “Fighting without Weapons” “The Way (or Path) of the Empty Hand” 空 手 道 Empty. Teachings. Duty. Site. “A set pattern or sequence of defensive and offensive movements and techniques. As it is placed over the other character for “ground”. Sky. this combined meaning connotes an image of strictly imposed standards. Course. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

The First 輩 Fellow. Manners 式 Ceremony. The First 生 Birth.). The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. altered. Existence. The Young. Rite. Prior. Function Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (8) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. in other words. Life.” ) 先 Preceding. This work may not be copied. Man Rei Ray Shiki SheeKee (or Shkee) ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Bowing) Ceremony” “(a) Rite” 礼 Salute. Head (of a line. Following 輩 Fellow. etc. Propriety. . Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. To Create.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sen Sen Sei Say ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Instructor” “Teacher” “Schoolmaster” “Master” “Doctor” (Literally: “One who has lived before you”. Offspring. Cultivation. Man Kō Koh Hai High ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(One’s) Junior or Subordinate” “(a) Junior Student” “One who is Below your Rank” 後 Rear. Beyond. “One who has knowledge and experience that you do not yet have. Appreciation. Earlier than. Show Courtesy. Small Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sen Sen (or Sem) Pai Pie ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(One’s) Senior or Elder” “(a) Senior Student” “One who Out-Ranks You” 先 Preceding. Live. reproduced. Brunger. Etiquette. Companion. Back. Successor.). Companion. Head (of a line. Bow. Brotherly Affection 子 Child. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. All Rights Reserved. A Youngster. etc. Beyond. To Produce De Deh Shi Shee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Pupil” “Student” “Disciple” “Follower” “Apprentice” 弟 Younger Brother. Prior. Faithful Service to those who are Older. Earlier than.

Reciprocally Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Rei Ray ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 礼 Salute. Bow. reproduced. Brunger. Proper. Correct. Show Respect. Saying Nothing 想 Thought. altered. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. .Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Sei Say Za Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Sit Straight” “Sit Correctly” “Sit Quietly” “Be Seated” ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Closing One’s Eyes in Silent Meditation” “Quiet Reflection” 正 Straight. Appreciation. Be Stable Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Moku Moh Koo Sō Soh 黙 Keeping Silence. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Right. All Rights Reserved. Show Courtesy. Squat. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Seat. Consideration Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters O Tagai ni Oh Tah Gah Ee Nee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Toward Each Other” “Mutually” “Together” お互いに Respectfully Toward Each Other. This work may not be copied. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Imagination. Etiquette. Idea. Mutually to Each Other. Propriety. Settle. Manners “(to) Respectfully Bow (towards)” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shōmen ni Taishite Shoh Men Ni Tai Shee Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Please) Face (toward) the Front” 正面に対して Toward or in the direction of the Front (of the Dojo where the Founders Pictures are displayed in the honored stand called the “Kamiza”) (9) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Perfectly 座 Sit Down.

Idea. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Cease. Brunger. to arrange side-by-side (10) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Work. End. Intention. reproduced. Use. Begin. Function. Terminate Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Narande Nahrah n Deh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Used as a Command) “Line up!” 並んで To line up. altered.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Sensei ni Taishite Sen Say Nee Tai Shee Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Please) Face (toward) the Teacher” 先生に対して Toward (in the direction of) the Teacher or Instructor Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Yō Yoh i Ee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Used as a Command) “Get Ready!” (“Be Prepared!”) 用 Business. Thought. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Errand. . Quit. This work may not be copied. All Rights Reserved. Commence Yame (or Yameru) Yah Meh (Yah Meh Roo) ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Used as a Command) “Stop!” “Cease!” 止め (止める) To Stop. Desire Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hajime (or Haijimeru) Hah Jee Meh ( Haji Meh Roo ) ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Used as a Command) “Begin!” “Start!” “Begin at Your Own Pace” 始め (始める) To Start. to form a line. Service 意 Will.

Pattern. Combine Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kara KahRah Te Teh Ka Kah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 空 手 家 Empty. Example. altered. All Rights Reserved. Mix. Row “(to) Line Up (by Rank)” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mawatte Mah Wah ’Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Used as a Command) “Turn Around!” 回って To Turn Around. Exemplary Person 範 Example. Match (with). Brunger. Sky. Join Together. . Hollow Hand(s) Person. Energy. Force. Vacant. Model. Disposition. Go Around Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Ki Kee Ai Eye ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(a) Fighting Yell” “(a) Striking Shout” “(a) Forceful Puff of Breath” “(a) Focused Shout from one’s Spiritual Energy” 気 Spirit. Spin. Feeling. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Heart. Unite. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Temper. Mind. Pattern Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (11) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Profession “(a) Practitioner of Karate” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shi Shee Han Hahn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Master Instructor” “Model Instructor of Technical Skills” 師 Teacher. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Master. Mood. Open. Model. Add Up. reproduced. Rotate.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Sei Say Retsu Reh Tsoo ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 整 Arrange. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied. Assemble 列 Line. Intention 合 Meet.

Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Band Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hai High ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Yes” “Yes Sir” “I Agree” “I Understand (and I’ll Do it)” はい Yes. All Rights Reserved. What One Wears “(one’s) Karate Uniform” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Obi Oh Bee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(one’s) Karate Belt” (Signifying your Rank) 帯 Belt. reproduced. Sash. Brunger. Not. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Grapple with. Affirmative Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Iie Ee Ee Eh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “No” “No Way” “No Sir” “I Don’t Agree” いいえ No. . Acknowledgement. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied. Braid Together 手 Hand or Hands (12) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Negative Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kumi Koo Mee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Fighting” “Sparring” (Jiyu Kumite = Freestyle Sparring) 組 To Cross. Unite with. altered.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Gi Ghee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 着 Clothing.

All Rights Reserved. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Transfer. The Root of Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) I Ee Dō Doh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 移 Move. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Real. True. Basis. Drift. Flank. Ahead. Source. Behind “Back” “Behind” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Yoko Yoh Koh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 横 Side. Pour into 動 Stir. Brunger. . Change. Activity. Fluctuate “Movement” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mae Mah Eh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 前 Front. Set in Motion. Shake. Shift. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Forepart “Front” “In Front” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ushiro Uu Shee Roh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 後ろ Back. Divert. Regular. reproduced. Before. Horizontal Direction “(to the) Side” “Sideways” (13) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ki Kee Hon Hohn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Basic” “Basis” “Standard” “Fundamental” 基 Origin. This work may not be copied. Rear. Shift. Mobilize. Move. Normal. altered. Foundation 本 Main.

Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Second. Number. Second. First “The First (of a series)” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Dai Die Ni Nee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 第 Numeral. . stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. All Rights Reserved.). reproduced. Go Around Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Dai Die Ichi Ee Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 第 Numeral. etc. Second “The Second (of a Series)” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (14) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Brunger. Rightward “(the) Right Side” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hidari Hee Dah Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(to one’s) Left” “(the) Left” 左 Left. Leftward “(the) Left Side” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mawashi Mah Wah Shee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Around” “Roundhouse (kick. etc. The (First.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Migi Mee Ghee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(to one’s) Right” “(the) Right” 右 Right. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Number. Left-hand. This work may not be copied.). etc. Foremost. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. altered. The Greatest 二 Two.)” 回し To Rotate. The (First. Primary. Right-hand. Primary. The Greatest 一 One. Foremost.

Extent. Extent. Extent. Stage. Degree. Rank Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ge Geh Dan Dahn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Lower (Groin & Leg) Level” 下 Lower. Degree. This work may not be copied. All Rights Reserved. Center. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Brunger. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Class.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 General Terms & Phrases (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Jō Jyoh Dan Dahn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Upper (Face) Level” 上 Up. Upward. Upper. Class. Top 段 Level. Degree. Rank (15) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Class. Downward 段 Level. Stage. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. reproduced. Rank Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Chū Chew Dan Dahn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Middle (Chest & Stomach) Level” 中 Middle. Bottom. Stage. altered. . Core 段 Level.

. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Heels remain together. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. This work may not be copied.) 結び 立ち Joined Together. Stance “Stance” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kamae Kah Mah Eh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Take a ) Posture” “Pose” 構え Posture. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Your feet are in a “V” position. reproduced. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Stances Used in Gōjūryū Karate Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 立ち Way of Standing. with heels and toes and knees close together) 閉足 立ち Closed Feet Stance Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Musubi Moo Soo Bee Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) V Stance” “(The) Bound Stance” (Placing the balls of both feet out at 45°. Be Ready For Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Heisoku Hay Soh Koo Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Closed Foot Stance” (Placing feet together parallel with no distance between them. Pose. Knees are straight and instead of being locked are in a naturally relaxed position. Bound Together Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Heikō Hay Koh Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Parallel Stance” (Your feet are one foot length apart or even better. All Rights Reserved. Your knees are straight and instead of being locked are in a natural relaxed position. Assume a Stance. altered.) 平行 立ち Parallel Rows Stance (16) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Used when standing at attention. Brunger. feet should be placed at about shoulder distance.

The knees should be directly above the feet and the back should be slightly arched but straight and the hips should be pushed back into a sitting position. Your knees again are straight and instead of being locked are in a natural relaxed position. altered. the buttocks pushed forward. place the right foot one-foot length ahead of the spot it was at (right heel just on the imaginary line that its toe ended at). Your center of gravity is located at the point midway between both feet. the knees should be slightly bent inward as to protect the groin area from attack. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Stances Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Soto Soh Toh Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Outward Stance” (Starting from the Heikō Dachi [Parallel Stance] Lift the ball of the feet and place your toes 45° outward (this stance is traditionally called Soto Hachi Monji Dachi). the upper legs (thigh area) are bent far past 45° and showing a strong and deep stance. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. All Rights Reserved. In Toward Stance Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shiko Shee Koh Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Horse Stance” or “Straddle Leg Stance” (In the standard Shiko Dachi in this posture. reproduced. Inward. Brunger. Within. Outward. Body and Spirit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (17) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A.) 外 立ち Outside of. While grabbing the ground with the feet in a twisting out motion. Away (from) Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Uchi Uu Chee Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Inside Stance” (Traditionally called Uchi Hachi Monji Dachi. not just gripping and holding onto the floor. The front of the feet are turned 45° inward. the inside and outside of the thighs tightened.) 内 立ち Inside of.) Kanji Character(s) 三戦 立ち Three Battles Stance (The Battle of Mastery between the Mind. Turn the right heel out 45°. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. next bring the right foot back a bit until the heel rests on the same horizontal line as the toes of the left foot. 四股 立ち Literally “Four Thighs” (In Reference to the Quadriceps Muscles of the Thighs) Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Sanchin Sahn Cheen Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Immovable Stance” (The root and substance to Gōjūryū.) . Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. the stance absorbs energy from the ground up and into your body and using its energy to your advantage. In Shiko Dachi the feet are pointed slightly outward to 45°. this stance is further moved out with the heels but deeper past a parallel stance [heels spread out 45°]. This work may not be copied. Starting from Heiko Dachi. .

. Step out with the right side.) Kanji Character(s) 後屈 立ち Rear Bend. Kōkutsu Dachi is also the name of a back stance more often found in the Shotokan style however is performed completely different. This position is close to the same posture of Zenkutsu Dach .) Kanji Character(s) 前屈 立ち Front Bend. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. The front foot should be turned slightly inward. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. This work may not be copied. Lean Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Han Zenkutsu Hahn Zen Koo Tsoo Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Half-Forward Leaning Stance” or “Half-Front Stance” (Begins from Heiko Dachi. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Be careful not to place too much weight on the front foot. Keep the back sustained in a straight position perpendicular to the floor. turn to the right 90° [as in Sanseiru] on the balls of both feet. Turn the right leg straight. Te Obi between one half the distance and one footstep less than Zenkutsu Dachi. square the hips and shoulders into a linear posture with the left leg that will be considered the front. From this position. Lean Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (18) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. reproduced. and the front foot and back foot are not on the same imaginary line they are about four foot lengths in distance apart. . altered. Lean Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kōkutsu Koh Koo Tsoo Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Rear Leaning Stance” or “Back Stance” (This stance begins directly from Zenkutsu Dachi. Bend the left knee so as the front foot cannot be seen if looking down. without raising the head level. all the while keeping the right leg (back leg) straight. Both feet should now be facing to the right of the original direction however the head stays turned in the direction it was originally. and about shoulder width. Brunger. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.) Kanji Character(s) 半前屈 立ち Half Front Bend. All Rights Reserved.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Stances Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Zenkutsu Zen Koo Tsoo Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Forward Leaning Stance” or “Front Stance” (One of the strongest stances. Leg tension shall remain the same as shall back and hip position. with the center of gravity being midway between both feet. One way to achieve this position is to start from Shiko Dachi.

Then lift the heel of the front foot off of the ground. push the hips back as if to sit down in a chair. altered.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Stances Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Neko Ashi NehKoh Ah Shee Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Cat Foot Stance” ( Neko Ashi Dachi is the essential fighting stance of Gōjūryū. Crossing Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (19) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. reproduced. Origin Stance “(The) Base Stance” or “Rooted Stance” (This stance has the foot placement similar to Neko Ashi Dachi. ) Kanji Character(s) T 字 立ち T Letter. being one of the two major stances [the other being Sanchin Dachi] .) Kanji Character(s) 交差 立ち Intersection. Brunger. this posture resembles that of a cat in combat or of a person sitting in a chair that’s not there. Bending the back leg. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. 70% to 80% of your weight should be distributed on the back leg while 20% to 30% remains on the front. Root. From Heisoku Dachi place the left foot horizontally behind the right foot so as the heel of the right foot is in the center of the left foot [a 90° angle]. Source. but with both feet flat on the ground. From the side and front view. and bending the knee of the front leg. Character (The Letter T) Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kōsa Koh Sah Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Cross-Leg Stance” or “Twist Stance” (Used for turning in many items from Kihon Ido to Advanced Kata. This work may not be copied. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Foundation. .) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Ti Ji Tee Jee Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Inverted ‘T’ Stance” (This stance is in the posture of an inverted “T”. Place the right exactly one-foot length forward. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.) Kanji Character(s) 猫足 立ち Cat Foot Stance Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Moto Moh Toh Dachi Dah Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) Kanji Character(s) 元 立ち Basis. All Rights Reserved. The front of your left knee will be fitted into the back of your right knee. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission.

Catch. Undergo. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). All Rights Reserved. Performance “Blocking Techniques” “Blocking Skills” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Age Ah Geh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 上げ 受け Raising. Preparedness. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) “Upward Block” “Rising Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Jōdan Joh Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 上段 受け Upper Level Receive. kick. reproduced. Be Exposed (to).) 受 or 受け Receive. Rising Receive.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Uke Uu Keh Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(a) Block” (of a strike. Block. Catch. Preparedness. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. . Block. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Uke Uu Keh Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 受け 技 Receive. Block. Sustain (a hit) “Upper Level Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (20) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Undergo. Undergo. This work may not be copied. Be Exposed (to). Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. etc. Undergo. Craft. Be Exposed (to). Block. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Feat. Brunger. Stop or Parry a Blow. Catch. altered. Upward. Sustain (a hit) Technique. Catch. Preparedness. Preparedness. Skill.

Block. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. . Catch. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Chūdan Soto Chew Dahn Soto Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 中段外 受け Middle Level Outer Receive. Undergo. Be Exposed (to). Flank. Sustain (a hit) “Middle Outside-In Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Chūdan Uchi Chew Dahn Uu Chee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 中段内 受け Middle Level Inside Receive.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Yoko Yoh Koh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Middle Block” “Side Block” “Sideways Block” 横 Side. Be Exposed (to). Undergo. Brunger. This work may not be copied. Be Exposed (to). Preparedness. Catch. Be Exposed (to). reproduced. Catch. Undergo. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Block. Block. Sustain (a hit) “Middle Inside-Out Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (21) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Catch. altered. Undergo. Horizontal Direction 受け Receive. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Stop or Parry a Blow. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Chūdan Chew Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Middle Block” “Mid-Level Block” 中段 受け Middle Level Receive. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. All Rights Reserved. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Block. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Preparedness.

All Rights Reserved. Be Exposed (to). Brush Off. Stop or Parry a Blow. Wipe Off. This work may not be copied. altered. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Block. Sustain (a hit) “Dropping Circular Block” “Descending Sweeping Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Soto Soh Toh Uke Uuo Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 外 Outside of. Undergo. Drive Away. Catch. Be Exposed (to). Outward. Inward. Sustain (a hit) “Inside Block” “Inside Forearm Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (22) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Sustain (a hit) “Outside Block” “Outside Forearm Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Uchi Uu Chee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 内 Inside of. Within. Preparedness. Going Downward Receive. Away (from) 受け Receive. . Lower Level Sweep Out of the Way. Brunger. Be Exposed (to). Clear Out. Brush Off. Block. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Block. Clear Out. Stop or Parry a Blow. reproduced. Catch. Catch. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Preparedness. Wield Sideways Dropping. In Toward 受け Receive. Drive Away.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Gedan Geh Dahn Barai Bah Rah Ee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 下段 払い Bottom. Wipe Off. Wield Sideways “Lower Sweeping Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Harai Hah Rai Otoshi Oh Toh Shee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 払 落とし 受け Sweep Out of the Way. Undergo. Undergo.

Preparedness. Block. Sustain (a hit) “Lower Knife Hand Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Omote Oh Moh Teh Kote Koh Teh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 表 小手 受け Surface. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Undergo. Preparedness. Upper. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. reproduced. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) “Outer Forearm Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (23) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Undergo. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. This work may not be copied. Block. Block. All Rights Reserved. Top Receive. Brunger. altered. Lower Level Receive. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). Exterior Forearm Receive. Upward. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Catch. Sustain (a hit) “Knife Hand Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shutō Shoo Toh Jōdan Jyoh Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 手刀 上段 受け Hand Knife Up. Be Exposed (to). . Stop or Parry a Blow. Undergo. Catch. Catch. Be Exposed (to). Be Exposed (to). Undergo. Preparedness. Catch.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shutō Shoo Toh Uke Oo Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 手刀 受け Hand Knife Receive. Sustain (a hit) “Upper Knife Hand Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shutō Shoo Toh Gedan Geh Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 手刀 下段 受け Hand Knife Down. Preparedness. Stop or Parry a Blow. Block.

Catch. Undergo. Brunger. Preparedness. Bottom Administer. Preparedness. Preparedness. Top Receive. Undergo. Base Conduct Sole Dropping. Stop or Parry a Blow. All Rights Reserved. Bottom Administer. Block. Base Conduct Sole Up. Undergo. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Administer. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters “Open Hand Dropping Block” (24) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Catch. Be Exposed (to). This work may not be copied. Be Exposed (to). Undergo. Bottom Administer. Stop or Parry a Blow. Block. Block. Catch. Base. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Upward. Sustain (a hit) “Upper Palm Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shō Tei Shoh Teh Ee Chūdan Chew Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 掌底 中段 Rule. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shō Tei Shoh Teh Ee Jōdan Jyoh Dahn Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 掌底 上段 受け Rule. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). Be Exposed (to). . Conduct Bottom. Sustain (a hit) “Middle Palm Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shō Tei Shoh Teh Ee Otoshi Oh Toh Shee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 掌底 落とし 受け Rule.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shō Shoh Tei Tei Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Palm Heel Block” “Heel of the Palm Block” 掌 底 Rule. Upper. altered. Base Conduct Sole Middle. Going Downward Receive. Catch. Sole 受け Receive. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Mid-Level 受け Receive. reproduced. Block.

Upward. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Sustain (a hit) “Upper Cross Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Gedan Geh Dahn Jūji Jyuu Jee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 下段 十字 受け Down. X-Shape Receive.” the outer edge of the hand along the little finger and outer palm) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Jōdan Jyoh Dahn Jūji Jyuu Jee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 上段 十字 受け Up. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Be Exposed (to). Stop or Parry a Blow. Block. altered. Undergo. Back Side. Be Exposed (to).Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ko Koh Ken Ken Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Arch Fist Block” Or “Chicken Wrist Block” (Note: Sometimes this is just called “Ko-Uke”[Wrist Block]. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Brunger. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hai High Tō Toh Uke Uu Keh 背 刀 Back. Be Exposed (to). Top Cross. Catch. Arch Fist 受け Receive. Block. Sustain (a hit) “Lower Cross Block” (25) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Undergo. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. X-Shape Receive. Lower Level Cross. Block. Block. not to be confused with “Shuto. . Preparedness. Undergo. Upper. Sustain (a hit) ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Ridgehand Block” (Using the portion of the hand between the knuckles of the index finger to the web of the thumb. Catch. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Saber. All Rights Reserved. Catch. Preparedness. Catch. Be Exposed (to). without using the “Fist” [Ken] character) 弧 拳 Arc. Undergo. reproduced. Ridge Sword. Knife 受け Receive. This work may not be copied.

Be Exposed (to). Be Exposed (to). reproduced. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. This work may not be copied. Undergo. Brunger. Catch. Tug Receive. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Block. Preparedness. Undergo. Draw. Block. Drag. Block. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. . Undergo. Lead. Sustain (a hit) “Elbow Strike Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Hiza Hee Zah Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 膝 The Knee or Lap 受け Receive. Undergo. Influence. Be Exposed (to). Sustain (a hit) “Knee Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (26) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Sustain (a hit) “Pulling/Grasping Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Hiji Hee Jee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 肘 The Elbow 受け Receive. Preparedness. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. All Rights Reserved. Jerk.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Hiki Hee Kee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 引き 受け Pulling. Stop or Parry a Blow. Stop or Parry a Blow. Catch. Block. Strike. Be Exposed (to). Stop or Parry a Blow. Haul. Catch. altered. Blow 受け Receive. Preparedness. Catch. Sustain (a hit) “Elbow Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hiji Hee Jee Uchi Uu Chee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 肘 打ち The Elbow Hit.

Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) “Shin Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Yumi Yoo Mee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 弓 Bow (for shooting Arrows). Feet 底 Bottom. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). Sustain (a hit) Bottom. Brunger. Drive Away. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Chūdan Uchi Chew Dahn Uu Chee Uke Uu Keh Gedan Geh Dahn Barai Bah Rah Ee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 中段 Middle. Base. Undergo.Bow-Shape 受け Receive. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Be Exposed (to). Clear Out.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sune Suu Neh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 脛 The Shin. Wield Sideways “Middle Inside-out Block & Lower Sweeping Block” (27) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. the first two characters “Soku” and “Tei” are sometimes reversed in order to read as “Tei Soku Uke”) 足 The Foot. altered. Preparedness. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. reproduced. Block. Undergo. Sustain (a hit) “Bow Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Soku Soh Koo Tei Teh Ee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Sole of the Foot Block” (Note: In some Karate Glossaries. Block. Preparedness. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. . Brush Off. Catch. Block. Sole 受け Receive. Undergo. Undergo. Catch. This work may not be copied. Preparedness. Catch. Lower Level Sweep Out of the Way. All Rights Reserved. Wipe Off. Block. Catch. Mid-Level 内 Inside. Stop or Parry a Blow. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). Inward 受け 下段 払い Receive. Preparedness. The Lower Front of the Leg 受け Receive. Be Exposed (to).

Preparedness. Be Exposed (to). . The Reverse Side 受け Receive. Be Exposed (to). The Lower Front of the Leg 受け Receive. All Rights Reserved. Sustain (a hit) “Backhand Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Mawashi Mah Wah Shee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 回し To Rotate. Undergo. Preparedness. This work may not be copied.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Gedan Geh Dahn Uchi Uu Chee Barai Bah Rah Ee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 下段 内 払い Bottom. Block. Be Exposed (to). Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Brunger. Block. Brush Off. Wield Sideways “Outside downward block (open hand)” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sune Suu Neh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 脛 The Shin. Stop or Parry a Blow. Undergo. reproduced. Undergo. Catch. Catch. Sustain (a hit) “Shin Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Ura Uu Rah Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 裏 The Back. Sustain (a hit) “Roundhouse Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (28) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Lower Level Inside. Inward Sweep Out of the Way. Drive Away. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Block. Preparedness. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Stop or Parry a Blow. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Catch. altered. Clear Out. Wipe Off. Go Around 受け Receive. Stop or Parry a Blow.

Stop or Parry a Blow. Undergo. This work may not be copied.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Moro Moh Roh Te Teh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Augmented (TwoHand) Block” (Note: the two characters for “Morote” are also pronounced “Sōshu”. Catch. Preparedness. Crossing 受け Receive. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sukui Soo Koo Ee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Scoop Block” “Scooping Block” すくい Scoop. Flowing. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). Undergo. Shedding. Block. altered. Sustain (a hit) “Cross Block” (Arms crossed at the wrist) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (29) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Swaying 受け Receive. Block. Preparedness. Washing Away. Catch. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Nagashi Nah Gah Shee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 流し Dashing. Be Exposed (to). Preparedness. A Pair 手 Hands 受け Receive. Undergo. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Brunger. Catch. meaning “Both Hands”) 双 A Set. Block. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Block. . Sustain (a hit) “Sweeping Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kōsa Koh Sah Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 交差 Intersection. Undergo. Scooping 受け Receive. Be Exposed (to). Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to). reproduced. Catch. All Rights Reserved. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

Stop or Parry a Blow. This work may not be copied. Feet 底 押え 受け Bottom. Stop or Parry a Blow. Preparedness. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Clear Out. as in a yoko geri. Catch.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Soku Soh Koo Tei Teh Ee Osae Oh Sah Eh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Pressing Block with the Sole of the Foot” ( Using the sole of the foot to press down hard against the attacker's ankle. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Drive Away. Wield Sideways Receive. Block. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters “Dropping Block” Or “Descending Block” (30) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Be Exposed (to). Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hai High Soku Soh Koo Barai Bah Rah Ee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Instep Block” (Foot swung from inside to outside) 背 Back. Preparedness. Be Exposed (to). Undergo. Base. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Soku Soh Koo Tei Teh Ee Harai Hah Rah Ee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Sole of the Foot Block” (Foot swung from outside to inside) 足 The Foot. Catch. Drive Away. Be Exposed (to). Suppress Receive. Undergo. Wield Sideways Receive. Brush Off. Wipe Off. Preparedness. Be Exposed (to). Catch. altered. Feet 底 払い 受け Bottom. . Stop or Parry a Blow. Ridge 足 払い 受け The Foot. Block. Wipe Off. Block. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Base. Feet Sweep Out of the Way. Clear Out. All Rights Reserved. ) 足 The Foot. Press Down. Brunger. Sole Sweep Out of the Way. reproduced. Undergo. Going Downward Receive. Catch. Undergo. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Block. Preparedness. Descending. Sustain (a hit) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Otoshi Oh Toh Shee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 落とし 受け Dropping. Sole Hold Down. Back Side. Stop or Parry a Blow. Brush Off.

Put On. Stop or Parry a Blow. Sustain (a hit) “Pressing Block” (31) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Hang up. Be Exposed (to). Preparedness. Block. Block. Brunger.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kake Kah Keh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 掛け To Hang On. This work may not be copied. Undergo. Trap. Hook onto. Catch. Sustain (a hit) “Inside Forearm Block” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Tettsui Teh ’Tsoo Ee Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 鉄槌 Iron. Preparedness. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Catch onto. Be Exposed (to). All Rights Reserved. Be Exposed (to). Press Down. Preparedness. Stop or Parry a Blow. reproduced. Sideways 受け Receive. Steel Hammer Mallet 受け Receive. Play Against. Catch. Suppress 受け Receive. Sustain (a hit) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters “Hook Block” or “Hooking Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Uchi Uu Chee Yoko Yoh Koh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 内 Inside. Undergo. Snag 受け Receive. Block. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Block. Catch. Undergo. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Stop or Parry a Blow. Catch. Preparedness. altered. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. . Inward 横 Side. Undergo. Sustain (a hit) “Hammerfist Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Osae Oh Sah Eh Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 押え Hold Down. Stop or Parry a Blow. Be Exposed (to).

Catch. It is always performed in neko-ashi dachi (cat stance). reproduced. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. altered. Turn 受け Receive. Be Exposed (to). The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Stop or Parry a Blow. This is very effective response in close distance. Point here is to use your hands in close distance confrontation to block and then strike or grab the opponent’s throat and testicles. All Rights Reserved.) 虎 口 Tiger Mouth. with roots from Chinese style fighting arts. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Preparedness. Undergo. Brunger. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Sustain (a hit) “Inside-Out Circular Elbow Block” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Tora Toh Rah Guchi Goo Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Two-Hand Roundhouse Block” “Double open hand circular block with palm heel strike” (Tora guchi is very common technique in Okinawan-style karate. Spin. Maw Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (32) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Blocks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kuri Koo Ree Uke Uu Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 繰り Reel. Wind. Block. . This work may not be copied.

” or “destroy in a devastating way. Strike Against. Stab. Straightforward. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.” “cut down. push up and into the opponent’s diaphragm then pull back down and out. Fist Thrust. Craft. Stab. Feat. Back Side. with palm facing down” (Using the portion of the hand between the knuckles of the index finger to the web of the thumb. Knife Thrust. Assault. This work may not be copied. .) 下 突き Down Thrust. Saber. Conquer. altered. Feat.” the outer edge of the hand along the little finger and outer palm) 背 刀 突き Back.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Strikes Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kō Koh Geki Geh Kee Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Striking Techniques” (NOTE: The nuance of the word “kogeki” is not simply to “attack” but rather to crush. All Rights Reserved. Punch. Knock Technique. Ability. Poke. not to be confused with “Shuto. Poke. Ability. Strike Against.”) 攻 撃 技 Attack. Punch. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Brunger. in a whip like motion. Craft. Poke. Knock “Squared Fist Strike” “Full. Exactness. Knock (33) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. reproduced. Punch. Strike Against. Skill. Strike Against. Correct. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Regular Fist Strike” Shita Sh ’ Ta Tsuki Tsoo Kee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Upside-Down Punch” Or “Reverse Strike” (Striking fist remains palm up. Ridge Sword. Stab. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Proper. Stab. Punch. Knock Hai High Tō Toh Tsuki Tsoo Kee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Open Ridge Hand Strike. Poke. to Defeat Technique. Offensive Destroy. When contact is made your knuckles should. Performance Tsuki Tsoo Kee Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 突き 技 Thrust. Performance “Punching Techniques” Sei Say Ken Ken Tsuki Tsoo Kee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 正 拳 突き Straight On. Skill.

All Rights Reserved. Knife Thrust. Punch. The Reverse Side 拳 Fist Shu Shoo Tō Toh Tsuki Tsoo Kee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Sword Hand Strike” or “Knifehand Strike” (Palm facing up.) (34) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Beat. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Strike Against.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Strikes Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ura Uu Rah Ken Ken ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Back Fist (Strike)” ( NOTE: Also referred to as “Ura Uchi”[裏打ち] or “Back Strike” ) 裏 The Back. Strike. reproduced. Knock. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Strike. Pound in. Shake. Beat. altered. Swing Hit. ) 振り 打ち Wave. Punch Tettsui Teh ’Tsoo Ee Uchi Uu Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Hammer Strike” (Resembling swinging a hammer. this closed fist technique is executed using the fleshy side of the fist as the striking point. Knock Furi Foo Rhee Uchi Uu Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Swinging Strike” or “Whiplike Strike” (Using the back of the knuckle as the striking point. Stab. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. .) 鉄槌 打ち Iron. Punch Ippon Eep’pohn Ken Ken ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 一本 拳 One Cylindrical Object (Finger) Fist “One Knuckle Fist” (A fist with one knuckle[the first knuckle] extended beyond the others of the fist. Saber. Smite. Brunger. Knock. Smite. Steel Hammer Mallet Hit. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Poke. with the striking surface being the outside edge of the hand) 手 刀 突き The Hand Sword. Pound in. This work may not be copied. Wag.

Brunger. Perforate.) 一本 拳 中高 One Cylindrical Object (Finger) Fist Middle High (i. Braced 手 Hand(s) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ippon Eep ’pohn Nuki Noo Kee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Single Finger Spearhand Strike” (The sharp strike using only one finger extended into the soft body parts of your opponent) 一本 貫 手 One Cylindrical Object (Finger) Penetrate. Perforate.e. Pierce. Shoot Through. Braced Hand(s) (35) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. This work may not be copied. . Extended Higher in the Middle) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Nuki Noo Kee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Spearhand Strike” (The sharp strike of the fingers extended into the soft body parts of your opponent) 貫 Penetrate. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. reproduced. Pierce. Braced Hand(s) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Nihon Ni Hohn Nuki Noo Kee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Two-Finger Strike” (The sharp strike using only two fingers extended into the eyes of your opponent) 二本 貫 手 Two Cylindrical Object(s) (Fingers) Penetrate. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. altered.. All Rights Reserved. Shoot Through. Perforate.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Strikes Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ippon Eep’pohn Ken Ken Naka Daka Nah Kah Dah Kah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Middle Knuckle Fist” (A fist with one middle knuckle extended beyond the others of the fist. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Pierce. Shoot Through.

altered. Smite. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Go Around Hit. Pound in. Knock. Knock. Strike. Brunger.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Strikes Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ura Uu Rah Ken Mawashi Ken Mah Wah Shee Uchi Oo Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 裏 拳 回し 打ち The Back. Pound in. . Beat. Punch “Palm Strike to the Jaw” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hiji Hee Jee Yoko Yoh Koh Uchi Oo Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 肘 横 打ち The Elbow Side. reproduced. Jaw Hit. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Knock. Strike. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. All Rights Reserved. Base. Smite. Pound in. Sole Chin. Strike. Beat. The Reverse Side Fist To Rotate. Punch “Flailing Reverse Punch” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ura Uu Rah Tei Teh Ee Ago Ah Goh Uchi Oo Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 裏 底 顎 打ち The Back. The Reverse Side Bottom. Beat. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. This work may not be copied. Punch “Side Elbow Strike” (36) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Sideways Hit. Smite.

Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. All Rights Reserved. Sideways To Kick “Side Snap Kick” (37) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. The foot and the toes are pointed straight to the ground as the knee and leg are brought up for the kick. Outside To Kick “Outside Kick” “Outer Reap Kick” Yoko Yoh Koh Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 横 蹴り Side. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. reproduced. Forward To Kick Gedan Geh Dahn Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Groin Kick” (NOTE: Also referred as “Kin Geri” or “Kogen Geri”. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.) 下段 蹴り Lower. .Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kicks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Geri Geh Ree Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Kick(s)” “Kicking” 蹴 or 蹴り To Kick Mae Mah Eh Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Front Kick” (Toes are pointed up and the ball of the foot is used as the contact point) 前 蹴り Front. Groin-Level To Kick Soto Soh Toh Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 外 蹴り Outer. altered. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Brunger. This work may not be copied.

altered. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Brunger.) To Kick “Stomping (Knee) Joint Kick” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Sokutō Soh Koo Toh Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Blade Edge Kick” (The snap kick that strikes with the outer edge of the foot ) 足刀 蹴り Foot Blade The Outer Edge of the Foot To Kick Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ushiro Oo Shee Roh Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 後ろ 蹴り Back. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. elbow. This work may not be copied. Go Around To Kick Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kansetsu Kahn Seh Tsoo Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 関節 蹴り Joint (like the knee. Backward. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. reproduced.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kicks Used in Gōjūryū Karate ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mawashi Mah Wah Shee Geri Geh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Roundhouse Kick” or “Crescent Kick” 回し 蹴り To Rotate. Behind To Kick “Back Kick” “Backward Kick” (38) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. etc. . The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission.

Model.) 撃 Attack. performed alone against imaginary opponents” Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Tai Tie Kyoku Kyoh Kuu ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “First Course” “Beginner Series” “Main Grounding” “Maximum” “The Absolute” “The Great Supporting Pillar” 太 (From the “Tai” character in “Tai Chi Chuan”) Large. Fat. or physically punishing routines performed outside on the ground. Set Pattern. Big. Deep. Type NOTE: It is interesting to know that the upper portion of the character ( 刑 or Kei ) means “punishment”. Particular Style. Thick. Extremity. Defeat. “A set pattern or sequence of defensive and offensive movements and techniques. Highest Rank. Exceedingly. Primary. Upper (First) 極 The Poles. Burly. All Rights Reserved. As it is placed over the other character for “ground”. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Noble. Great. reproduced. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Crumble Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (39) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. This work may not be copied. Conquer. Very Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Geki Geh Kee Sai Sigh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “To Attack & Destroy” “Smash and Crash” ( The Gekisai katas are geared to destroying the attacker’s body. Polar. altered. this combined meaning connotes an image of strictly imposed standards. physically demanding practice. Crush. Brunger. Grand. The Acme or Height (of Something). Pulverize. . “earth” or “Soil” (土 or Doh ). Reach an Extreme. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Polarity. Smash. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Destroy 砕 Break.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kata Used in Gōjūryū Karate Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kata KahTah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 型 Set Form or Format.

Drag. Pulling and Unbalancing” (The name Seiyunchin implies the use of techniques to off balance. Frustrate. . Rend. Destroy. Rupture. Suppress and Pull” “Grasping. Defeat. Catch 戦 Battle or Conflict Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (40) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Smash. reproduced. Body and Spirit [thus the “three battles”].) 三 Three 戦 Battle or Conflict Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sei Say Yun Yoon Chin Cheen ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Control. sweeps. but no kicking techniques. Crush. Suppress. while he studied in China) 砕 Break. Hold Back. Sanchin requires control of both internal and external mechanisms.) 制 引 Control. All Rights Reserved. Pulverize. representing a quest of mastery over Mind. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Haul. Regulation. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Restrain. Crush. altered. along with the other Kata of Goju-Ryu. Rip. Draw. Seiyunchin contains close-quartered striking. Bend.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kata Used in Gōjūryū Karate (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sai Sigh Fa Fah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “To Smash and Tear to Pieces” ( The first of the classical combative Kata. Kanryo Higaonna Sensei was taught this Kata. Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) San Sahn Chin Cheen ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(The) Three Battles” (Sanchin is seen as the corner stone of Gōjūryū Karate. Limit Pull. Crumble 破 Tear. This work may not be copied. Wear Out. Tug. throw and grapple. breath control. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. muscle control. takedowns and throws. etc. Jerk. Brunger. Burst. Breakdown.

In Japanese. this would normally be pronounced as “Sanjyuroku”) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Se Pai Seh Pie ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 十八 Ten Eight = Eighteen (18) (Note: The pronunciation “Sepai” is actually closer to the original Chinese language pronunciation than Japanese. The idea of four directions can come from the performance of the four shotei in four directions. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. It is of Chinese origin. Feng Yiquan. All Rights Reserved. It is this science that the martial arts was based upon and developed. reproduced. Shisochin also translates as "Four Gates of Conflict". Fire. An explanation of this and the other numerically named Kata is that they refer to a systematic method and understanding of certain groupings of vital acupressure points. . stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. . Favored by Miyagi Sensei in his later years. In Japanese. taught to Kanryo Higaonna by RyuRyuko in China.) 四 向 Four Direction 戦 Battle or Conflict Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) San Se Ru Sahn Sheh Roo ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) (Literally) “Thirty Six” “(The) 36 Hands or Movements” (This kata employs many entry. This work may not be copied. Brunger.) 三十六 Three Ten Six = Thirty Six (36) (Note: The pronunciation “Sanseru” is actually closer to the original Chinese language pronunciation than Japanese.) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (41) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. altered. this would normally be pronounced as “Jyuhachi”) (Literally) “Eighteen” “(The) 18 Hands or Movements” (This kata uses many movements that require coordination between the hips and hands. joint attacks and defenses against kicking. Metal and Water with man representing Earth.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kata Used in Gōjūryū Karate (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Shi Shee So Soh Chin Cheen ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Four Directions of Conflict” “To Destroy in Four Directions” (Shisochin means "battle in four directions". It employs joint locking and close-quarter fighting. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. It can also represent the four elements represented in Chinese medicine (Acupuncture is one) of Wood. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. who lived during the Ming Dynasty (1522-1567) developed this particular method of using variations of "36" forbidden points to defeat his opponents. with many varied techniques.

Brunger. Rupture. Chinese-style pronunciation of the characters is used here. destroy the opponent with your own counter strike. Kururunfa epitomizes the ideals of Go-"hard” and Ju-"soft". and then suddenly and abruptly. detain Sudden. a sense of "sucking" the attack in. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Stance transitions are quick and explosive while the hands techniques are employed using "muchimi" or a heavy.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kata Used in Gōjūryū Karate (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Ku Koo Ru Roo Run Roon Fa Fah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Holding on Long and Striking Suddenly” “Holding Your Ground” (This kata employs a great deal of neko-ashi movements and close-quarter evasive fighting techniques. rather than the Japanese pronunciation “108 Hands or Movements” (The most advanced kata in Gōjūryū Karate. Destroy. Abrupt 破 Tear. with devastating effect.) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters (42) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. reproduced. sticky movement. Breakdown. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission.) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Su Suu Pa Pah Rin Reen Pei Pay ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 壱百雰 八 One Hundred Fog Eight (8) Again. All Rights Reserved. Crush. Rip. perhaps to invite an over-extension of the attack. In Japanese. and demonstrates the difference between Go (Hard) and Ju (Soft). stay behind. this would normally be pronounced as “Jyusan”) (Literally) “Thirteen” “(The) 13 Hands or Movements” (Seisan is believed to be the oldest of all Okinawan GojuRyu Kata. remain. Rend. altered. . This work may not be copied. The 4 kanji for "Kururunfa" suggest a strategy of a reception to an attack. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. It is also known by the older name of “Pitchurrin”.) 久留 Long Hold. Wear Out. Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Sei San Say Sahn ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 十三 Ten Three = Thirteen (13) (Note: The pronunciation “Seisan” is actually closer to the original Chinese language pronunciation than Japanese. it contains the greatest number of intricate techniques and variations. Frustrate. Burst. Defeat.

Remove.) 転 Rotate. Liberty To Cross. Way. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Change. altered. Unite with. Tensho is uniquely Okinawan. This work may not be copied. Braid Together Hand or Hands Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Yakusoku YahKoo SohKoo Kumi Koo Mee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 約束 組 手 Promise. to Conduct Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Miscellaneous Terms Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ji Yū Jee Yuu Kumi Koo Mee Te Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Freestyle Sparring” “Freestyle Fighting” 自由 組 手 Oneself. Hollow of the Hand. Itself Means. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. From his understanding of the Kata of Goju-Ryu and the "nature of man". Brunger. All Rights Reserved. Unite with. Intent Freedom. Tensho has many of the same principles of Sanchin but goes further to include more intricate concepts of the techniques of Goju-Ryu. which is almost identical to its Chinese counterpart. to Rule. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Braid Together Hand or Hands “Pre-Arranged Sparring” (43) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Shift. reproduced. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Unlike Sanchin.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Names of Kata Used in Gōjūryū Karate (Continued) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Ten Tehn Sho Sho ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Turning Palms” “Rotating Palms” (The second "heishu" kata in Goju-Ryu. . Grapple with. Grapple with. Turn. to Administer. Miyagi Sensei developed Tensho to further complete his Goju-Ryu system where Sanchin left off. Agreement To Cross. Transfer 掌 Palm of the Hand. Tensho is derived from the Chinese form "Rokkishu". Roll Over.

Throw Away. Heave. Defeat. Throw down. Overthrow 技 Technique. Succumb. This work may not be copied. Performance “Throwing Techniques” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Ne Neh Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 寝 Lying Down. Act Contrary to Contrariwise. Craft. Feat. Skill. Feat. Ability. Performance “Take-Down Techniques” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Nage Nah Geh Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 投げ Throw. Inverse. Skill. reproduced. Ability. Traitorous. Hurl. Ability. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. All Rights Reserved. Pitch. Feat. Drop. Toss. Opposite. Skill. Craft. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Performance “Ground Techniques” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Gyaku GeeYahKoo Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 逆 Reverse. Ability. 技 Technique. Feat. Craft. Prostrated. Skill. Sleeping 技 Technique. Knock down. Collapse. Trip up. Visa-Versa 技 Technique. Bring down.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Miscellaneous Terms ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Taoshi Tah Oh Shee Waza Wah Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 倒し Fall. Performance “Reversal Techniques” “Reversing Techniques” (44) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. Sprawl. Craft. altered. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Brunger. .

Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Measuring Rod (or) 均衡 To Level. Peaceful Scale. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Invariably Win. Military Glory 士 Samurai. Course. Positively. Scholar 道 Way. Duty. Teachings. . Journey. Technique “Methods of Breathing” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Heikō Hay Koh (or) Kinkō Keen Koh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 平衡 Level. Brunger. To Average Scale. Law. Rule. Path. altered. Man. Military Power. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Victory Prevail.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Miscellaneous Terms ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kokyū Koh KeeYuu Hō Hoh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 呼吸 Breathe/Breathing. Road. Measuring Rod “Balance” Either Term Means: Balance or Equilibrium Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Bu Boo Shi Shee Dō Doh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “The Way of the Warrior” “The Warrior’s Way” “The Samurai Code of Chivalry” 武 Military Arts. Chivalry. reproduced. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Respiration 法 Method. Morality Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Hisshō Hees Shoh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 必勝 Certainly. All Rights Reserved. This work may not be copied. Gentleman. Principle. Surpass “Certain Victory” “Certain Success” (45) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A.

stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Fellow. reproduced. Wring. Shun “(a) Dodge” “Evade” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Aite Eye Teh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(Your) Opponent/Adversary” “The Other Party” “(One’s) Partner/Companion” 相手 Each Other. Stay Away From. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Close Tight “(a) Choke (hold)” “Shimeru = (to) Choke (Someone)” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mamori Mah Moh Ree ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(a) Defense” “(one’s) Guard” “Mamoru = (to) Defend (Yourself)” 守り Protect. Constrict. Evade. Squeeze. All Rights Reserved. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. altered. Shirk. This work may not be copied. Together Hand(s) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shime Shee Meh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 絞め Strangle. Avert. Guard. Keep Aloof From. . Brunger. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Defense (46) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Miscellaneous Terms ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Yoke Yoh Keh ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 避け Avoid.

Skirmish “(a) Fight” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Kumiuchi Koo Mee Uu Chee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 組み討ち Grapple or Struggle (with) “Grappling” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Osaekomi Oh Sah Eh Koh Mee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 押さえ込み Press Down. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. Load “(a) Hold (as in wrestling. Towards. Hold Down Suppress Into. reproduced.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Miscellaneous Terms ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Teki Teh Kee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 敵 Enem. Rival. Fight. This work may not be copied. etc.. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. Brunger.)” “Osaekomu = (to) Hold” (47) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. All Rights Reserved. . Opponent “(one’s) Enemy” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Tatakai Tah Tah Kah Ee ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 戦い Battle. altered. Struggle. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center.

The bow is a sign of respect to the Founders. or it can be an elaborate shrine. It is a gentle reminder of the source of our art. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission. “a Bundle of Tightly Packed Straw” used as a target for striking practice) 巻藁 Roll up .). A Roll. reproduced.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Miscellaneous Terms ( Continued ) Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Makiwara Mah Kee Wah Rah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “(a) Punching Board” (Literally. The Kamiza can be as simple as a picture the founders (Such as Higaonna Sensei. Match With. Bind Up. Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. and to thank them for what they have passed down to us. Mix. When a Karateka is at the dojo there are several times when he or she will face the Kamiza and bow. The Kamiza is not merely a decoration. . Trial. Brunger. Yamaguchi Sensei. at the beginning of class. Wind up. at the end of class. A Bundle Straw Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Mushin Muu Sheen ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) 無心 None Absence (of) Heart. altered. Mind “(having) No Thought” “(having) No Emotion” Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Kamiza Kah Mee Zah ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “The Seat of Honor” The Kamiza is found at the head of the mat or workout area. The Karateka will bow to the Kamiza when entering the dojo. Miyagi Sensei. Ordeal Meet. All Rights Reserved. etc. and when leaving the dojo. Join Together. Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. This work may not be copied. Combine (48) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. when stepping onto the mat. when stepping off the mat. 上座 Upper Superior Top Highest Seat Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Japanese Term Pronunciation Kanji Character(s) Original Meaning(s) of the Kanji Characters Shiai Shee Eye ENGLISH TRANSLATION(S) “Sparring Match” “Sparring Tournament” “Contest” “Game” 試合 Testing.

Used and distributed with permission of the copyright holder. stored or distributed without the prior written permission of the copyright holder and Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Taijutsu Bujinkan Genbukan Jinenkan Ninjuukai Iga-ryu Yabusame Aikidō Aikikai Shōdōkan Tomiki-ryu Yōshinkan Aikijuujutsu. . Prepared for the exclusive use of Cornell Watson’s Martial Arts Center. Aikibujutsu Daitō-ryu Iaidō (49) © Copyright 2004/2005 by Bruce A. All Rights Reserved. Ninpō. altered. The Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center name and logo are the property of the Cornell Watson Martial Arts Center and may not be copied or used without permission.Gōjūryū Karate Terms & Translations 剛柔流空手道の専門用語 Primary Schools of Japanese Martial Arts 合気道 合気会 昭道館 冨木流 養神館 合気柔術、合気武術 大東流 居合道 柔道 講道館 柔術 双水執流 発光流 古武術 空手道 剛柔流 一心流 極真会 誠道会 糸東流 尚礼館 少林寺流 松濤館 上地流 和道流 剣道 真剣道 拳法 少林寺 弓道 薙刀道 忍術、忍法、体術 武神館 玄武館 自然館 忍柔会 伊賀流 流鏑馬 Jūdō Kōdōkan Jūjutsu Sōsuishitsu-ryu Hakkō-ryu Kobujutsu Karatedō Gōjū-ryu Isshin-ryu Kyokushinkai Seidōkai Shitō-ryu Shōreikan Shōrinji-ryu Shotokan Uechi-ryu Wadō-ryu Kendō Shingendō Kenpō Shōrinji Kyūdō Naginatadō Ninjutsu. Brunger. This work may not be copied. reproduced.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful