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FOUNDATION CALCULATION SHEET One-Stop Solution for Foundation

TITLE PROJECT/JOB NO. PROJECT/JOB NAME CLIENT NAME SITE NAME DOCUMENT NO. REFERENCE NO. STRUCTURE NAME LOAD COMBINATION GROUP NAME REV DATE DESCRIPTION PREP'D TANK1 SAMPLE ACI_MKS_MKS ACI MKS 5-6

DESCRIPTION

CHK'D

APPR'D

APPR'D

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation

Project Na. : ACI Project No. : ACI_MKS_MKS Client : MKS Page 1

FOUNDATION LISTS
Group Name
STR6-TANK1-3

No.
1

Description
F4

No.

Description

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation

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CONTENTS 1. GENERAL
1.1 CODE & STANDARD 1.2 MATERIALS & UNIT WEIGHT 1.3 SUBSOIL CONDITION & SAFETY FACTORS 1.4 LOAD COMBINATION

2. DRAWING
2.1 LOCATION PLAN & DETAIL SKETCH

3. FOUNDATION DATA
3.1 FOOTING AND SECTION DATA 3.2 PIER DATA 3.3 LOAD CASE 3.4 LOAD COMBINATION

4. CHECK OF STABILITY
4.1 CHECK OF SLIDING 4.2 CHECK OF OVERTURNING MOMENT 4.3 CHECK OF CONTACT PRESSURE

5. DESIGN OF FOOTING
5.1 DESIGN MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE 5.2 RING WALL DESIGN 5.3 REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation

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1. GENERAL
1.1 CODE & STANDARD
Items
Design Code Horizontal Force for Wind Horizontal Force for Seismic Unit System

Description
American Concrete Institute (ACI 318) [Metric] AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS [ASCE 7-02] AMERICAN SOCIETY CIVIL ENGINEERS [ASCE 7-02] Input : MKS, Output : SI, Calculation Unit : IMPERIAL

1.2 MATERIALS & UNIT WEIGHT


Items
Concrete (f'c : compressive strength) Lean Concrete (Lf'c : compressive strength)

Value (Input Unit system / Output Unit System)


280.00 kgf/cm 0.00 kgf/cm
2 2 2 2

27.459 N/mm 0.000 N/mm


2

Reinforcement (#3 ~ #5 , yield strength) Reinforcement (#6 ~ , yield strength)


Rs (Soil unit weight) Rc (Concrete unit weight) Es (Steel Modulus of Elasticity) Ec (Concrete Modulus of Elasticity)

2800.00 kgf/cm 4200.00 kgf/cm 2.000 ton/m 2.400 ton/m


3 3

274.586 N/mm 411.879 N/mm 19.614 kN/m 23.536 kN/m


2 2 3 3

2 2

2.00 106 kgf/cm

196.133 kN/mm 24.614 kN/mm


2

250998.00 kgf/cm

- Soil Capacity
Items
Soil Name Footing List Qa (Soil Bearing Capacity) Buoyancy WL (Water Label from the EL = 0) FD (Frost Depth from the EL = 0) Internal Friction Angle Passive Soil Pressure Cu (Undrained cohesion) Unit-01 F4

Value (Input Unit system / Output Unit System)

7.32 tonf/m2
Not Consider 0 mm 0 mm

71.79 kN/m2

0 mm 0 mm

30
Not Consider

Clay , 0 kN/m2

1.3 SUBSOIL CONDITION & SAFETY FACTORS


Items
Allowable Increase of Soil (Wind) Allowable Increase of Soil (Seismic) Allowable Increase of Soil (Test) Safety factor against overturning for OVM1(FO1) Safety factor against overturning for OVM2(FO2) Safety factor against overturning for OVM3(FO3) Safety factor against overturning for OVM4(FO4) 33.33 % 33.33 % 20 % 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.1

Description (Input/Output)

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09/20/2011

Calculation Sheet of Foundation


Safety factor against sliding for the SL1(FS1) Safety factor against sliding for the SL2(FS2) Safety factor against sliding for the SL3(FS3) Safety factor against sliding for the SL4(FS4) 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 0.35

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Friction factor (m)

1.4 LOAD COMBINATION


Index
1 2 3 4 5 6

Load Case Name


SW Empty Operation Test WL SL2

Load Case Description


SELF WEIGHT EMPTY LOAD OPERATION LOAD TEST LOAD WIND LOAD SEISMIC LOAD (Operation)

Comb . ID
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Load Combination for stability


1.0 SW + 1.0 Operation .833 SW + .833 Test .75 SW + .75 WL + .75 Operation .75 SW + .75 SL2 + .75 Operation .75 SW + .75 WL + .75 Empty .75 SW + .75 SL2 + .75 Empty .625 SW + .375 WL + .625 Test

Comb . ID
101 102 103 104 105 106 107

Load Combination for Reinforcement


1.4 SW + 1.4 Operation 1.4 SW + 1.4 Test 1.05 SW + 1.275 WL + 1.05 Operation 1.05 SW + 1.275 SL2 + 1.05 Operation 1.05 SW + 1.275 WL + 1.05 Empty 1.05 SW + 1.275 SL2 + 1.05 Empty .875 SW + 1.063 WL + .875 Test

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Page 5

2. DRAWING
A01
NO.

REFERENCE DWGS
DWG NO. DWG TITLE

NOTES
* OUTPUT UNIT : mm

01

ACI PROJECT

FOUNDATION LOCATION PLAN TANK1 SAMPLE


F4
SQUAD CHECK
PROCESS PIPING VESSELS STRUCT.

ELEC.

INST.

SCALE

JOB NO.

MICROFILM NO.

AS SHOWN

ACI_MKS_MKS

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Page 6

OUTPUT UNIT : mm
Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

09/20/2011 C FOOTING L BOTTOM

Page 7

REFERENCE DWGS
NO. DWG NO. DWG TITLE

6100 600 4900 600 TOP

NOTES FOUNDATION PLAN FOOTING REINF. PLAN


* ANCHOR BOLT 1X12-M12 ANC. BOLTS (TYPE TYPE L) * OUTPUT UNIT : mm

75 PROJ.

TOC EL. + 700

75 #6@300

500

ACI PROJECT

-200

#6

80

LEAN CONC. 100 THK CRUSHED STONE 150 THK

FOUNDATION DETAIL FOR F4


SQUAD CHECK
PROCESS PIPING VESSELS STRUCT.

SECTION

6 50(T YP

.)

ELEC.

INST.

60

#6@300

2-#

SCALE REV. DATE DESCRIPTION DRWN CHKDAPPDAPPDAPPD

JOB NO.

MICROFILM NO.

REBAR ARRANGEMENT
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ACI_MKS_MKS

09/20/2011

Calculation Sheet of Foundation

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3. FOUNDATION DATA
3.1 FOOTING AND SECTION DATA
( mm ) Ft. Name

F4
TANK 1 10.367 m
2

6100 600 4900 f6100 600

Ft. Type Area Ft. Thickness Ft. Volume Ft. Weight Outer Soil Height Soil Volume Soil Weight Buoyancy Self Weight (except Pr.SW)

500.00 mm

5.184 m

122.012 kN -700.00 mm

0.000 m

0.000 kN Not Consider 122.012 kN

The Origin coordinate The Center of gravity (0,0) mm

Section Data
( mm )

Ft.Name
F4

Direction
All Direct

Ft. Volume
5.184 m
3

700

500

Soil Volume
0.000 m
3

Pier Wt
0.000 kN

Sec.Name
S1

Section Area
10.367 m
2

Ft. Weight
122.012 kN

Soil Weight
0.000 kN

Total Weight
122.012 kN

3.2 PIER DATA


Off X , Off Y is offset position from the Center of the footing If Pier Shape is Circle or Circle wall, Pl is a Diameter. and Pw is a Inner Diameter Area is pier concrete area Weight is pier and inner soil weight in case circle wall except Tank1 Type(Circle Ring Footing Shape) 2 Unit( Length : mm , Weight : kN , Area : m )

Ft.Name
F4

Pr.Name
4

Shape
CircleWall

Pl
6100.000

Pw
4900.000

Ph
0.000

Area
10.367

Weight
0.000

Off X
0.000

Off Y
0.000

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation 3.3 LOAD CASE


Fz Mz Fy My Fx Mx

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Input the point loads in the global coordinate system direction. Positive directions of moments (shown in the sketch) are based on the right hand rule.

Index
1 2 3 4 5 6

Load Case Name


SW Empty Operation Test WL SL2

Load Case Description


SELF WEIGHT EMPTY LOAD OPERATION LOAD TEST LOAD WIND LOAD SEISMIC LOAD (Operation)

Unit( kN , kN-m )

Ft.Name

Pr.Name

Load Case
1 2 3 4 5 6 Footing SW

Fx
0 0 0 0 7845.44 98.07 0.000

Fy
0 0 0 0 6864.76 196.14 0.000

Fz
0 -980.68 -1961.36 -2942.04 -9.81 -9.81 -122.012

Mx
0 0 0 0 -980.68 -49.03 0.000

My
0 0 0 0 980.68 -68.65 0.000

F4

3.4 LOAD COMBINATION


In Pier Top without Self Weight In Footing Bottom with Pier Self Weight, But without Footing Self Weight, In Footing Bottom Center with Pier & Footing Self Weight & Soil Weight, Case PileType in centroid of Pile Group Case NonPileType in centroid of Footing

3.4.1 Load Combination in Pier Top (Without SW)


Ft.Name
F4

Unit( kN , kN-m )

Pr.Name L.Comb.
1 2 4 3 4 5 6

SFx
0.000 0.000 5884.083 73.551 5884.083 73.551

SFy
0.000 0.000 5148.573 147.102 5148.573 147.102

SFz
-1961.361 -2450.721 -1478.376 -1478.376 -742.866 -742.866

SMx
0.000 0.000 -735.510 -36.776 -735.510 -36.776

SMy
0.000 0.000 735.510 -51.486 735.510 -51.486

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation


7 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 2942.042 0.000 0.000 10002.940 125.037 10002.940 125.037 8339.707 2574.286 0.000 0.000 8752.574 250.074 8752.574 250.074 7297.244

Project Na. : ACI Project No. : ACI_MKS_MKS Client : MKS


-1842.454 -2745.906 -4118.858 -2071.933 -2071.933 -1042.218 -1042.218 -2584.711 -367.755 0.000 0.000 -1250.368 -62.518 -1250.368 -62.518 -1042.463

Page 10
367.755 0.000 0.000 1250.368 -87.526 1250.368 -87.526 1042.463

3.4.2 Load Combination in Footing Bottom (With Pier SW)


Ft.Name Pr.Name L.Comb.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 101 102 103 104 105 106 107

Unit( kN , kN-m )

SFx
0.000 0.000 5884.083 73.551 5884.083 73.551 2942.042 0.000 0.000 10002.940 125.037 10002.940 125.037 8339.707

SFy
0.000 0.000 5148.573 147.102 5148.573 147.102 2574.286 0.000 0.000 8752.574 250.074 8752.574 250.074 7297.244

SFz
-1961.361 -2450.721 -1478.376 -1478.376 -742.866 -742.866 -1842.454 -2745.906 -4118.858 -2071.933 -2071.933 -1042.218 -1042.218 -2584.711

SMx
0.000 0.000 -3309.797 -110.327 -3309.797 -110.327 -1654.898 0.000 0.000 -5626.655 -187.555 -5626.655 -187.555 -4691.085

SMy
0.000 0.000 3677.552 -14.710 3677.552 -14.710 1838.776 0.000 0.000 6251.838 -25.007 6251.838 -25.007 5212.317

F4

3.4.3 Load Combination in Footing Bottom Center (With Pier & Footing SW)
Load Combination of Elastic Condition - C.G. of Load is coordinate from left bottom. Unit : mm Unit( kN , kN-m )

Ft.Name

L.Comb.
1 2 3

SFx
0.000 0.000 5884.083 73.551 5884.083 73.551 2942.042

SFy
0.000 0.000 5148.573 147.102 5148.573 147.102 2574.286

SFz
-2083.374 -2552.357 -1569.885 -1569.885 -834.375 -834.375 -1918.711

SMx
0.000 0.000 -3309.797 -110.327 -3309.797 -110.327 -1654.898

SMy
0.000 0.000 3677.552 -14.710 3677.552 -14.710 1838.776

C.G. of Loads
3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0

F4

4 5 6 7

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation


Load Combination of Ultimate Condition - C.G. of Load is coordinate from left bottom. Unit : mm

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Unit( kN , kN-m )

Ft.Name

Sec.Na

L.Comb.
101 102 103

SFx
0.000 0.000 10002.940 125.037 10002.940 125.037 8339.707

SFy
0.000 0.000 8752.574 250.074 8752.574 250.074 7297.244

SFz
-2745.906 -4118.858 -2071.933 -2071.933 -1042.218 -1042.218 -2584.711

SMx
0.000 0.000 -5626.655 -187.555 -5626.655 -187.555 -4691.085

SMy
0.000 0.000 6251.838 -25.007 6251.838 -25.007 5212.317

C.G. of Loads
3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0 3050.0 , 3050.0

F4

S1

104 105 106 107

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation

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4. CHECK OF STABILITY
4.1 CHECK OF SLIDING
mSFz + P.F > Fs -> OK (Bi-Axial) 2 2 SFx + SFy P.F = Passive Force (apply only in case checked passive force, mark by P ) Formula : Unit ( kN )

Ft.Name
F4

Dir.
Bi-Axial

L.Comb.
5

( mSFz + P.F ) / SFx + SFy


2

Fs(i)
1.6

Result
NG

0.35 915.28 / 7818.58 = 0.04

4.2 CHECK OF OVERTURNING MOMENT


Formula : (SMry / SMoy or SMrx / SMox) > OVM(i) -> OK Unit ( kN-m )

Ft.Name
F4

Dir.
X Y

L.Comb.
5 5

SMry / SMoy = OVM or SMrx / SMox = OVM


2544.84 / 3677.55 = 0.69 2544.84 / 3309.8 = 0.77

OVM(i)
1.7 1.7

Result
NG NG

4.3 CHECK OF CONTACT PRESSURE


4.3.1 Contact Pressure Formula
from API 650 (Tank_1) * Total vertical pressure loads at bottom of footing by vertical loading P1 = [( Empty Wt. - Steel Bottom Wt.) + FDN.Wt. + ( Test or Operation Wt. - Empty Wt. ) A2 / A3 ] / A1 * Total vertical pressure loads at bottom of footing by overturning moment loading 2 2 1.273 SMx + SMy P2 = (Bi-Axial) 2 Dp Fwid P3 = [ ( Test or Operation Wt. - Empty Wt. ) + Steel Bottom Wt. ] / A3 + gs1 h1 + gs2 h2 (Checking of pressure inside the ring wall under the soil) Qmax = Max ( P1 + P2 , P3 ) 2 Steel Bottom Wt. = Dp p / 4 Bthk W tu SW Load Factor 3 W tu = Steel Unit Weight (76.98 kN/m ) 2 2 A1 = ( D - d ) p / 4 2 2 A2 = ( Dp - d ) p / 4 2 A3 = Dp p / 4 Dp = Outer Diameter of Equipment Bottom D = Outer Diameter of Footing d = inner Diameter of Footing Fwid = D/2 - d/2 Bthk = Thickness of Eq't Bottom Plate

4.3.2 Input Data


Ft.Name
F4

Af (m )
10.367

Fl (m )
6.100

Fw (m )
6.100

Ix (m )
39.6677

Iy (m )
39.6677

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09/20/2011

Calculation Sheet of Foundation


4.3.3 Pressure Check
- Qa = Soil bearing capacity - Uc = Uplift Allowable capacity

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Unit( kN , kN/m )

Ft.Name
F4

L.Comb.
5

Empty Wt
0.000

Oper Wt
0.000

Test Wt
0.000

St B Wt
1.372

FDN Wt
91.509

Ft.Name
F4

L.Comb.
5

SMx +SMy
2

P1
8.694

P2
257.935

P3
3.490

Qmax
266.630

Qa
71.786

Result
NG

3677.55

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Calculation Sheet of Foundation

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5. DESIGN OF FOOTING
5.1 DESIGN MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE
Footing design is in accordance with unltimate strength method at footing bottom. Calculated total pier load as SQ = SFz - Self Weight Factor (Soil Weight + Footing Weight) Ft.Name : Footing Name , Sec.Name : Strip Name for Footing Reinforcement Design Dir. : Direction , L.Comb. : Load Combination Index , Sl or Sw : Strip X or Y width

5.1.1 Data
Ft.Name Sec.Na Dir. L.Comb.
101 102 103 S1 Long 104 105 106 107 F4 101 102 103 S1 Ridial 104 105 106 107 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 2745.906 4118.858 2071.933 2071.933 1042.218 1042.218 2584.711

Unit( mm , kN , kN-m )

Fl or Fw
6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00

Sl or Sw
6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00 6100.00

SFz
2745.906 4118.858 2071.933 2071.933 1042.218 1042.218 2584.711

SM
0.00 0.00 6251.84 25.01 6251.84 25.01 5212.32 0.00 0.00 6251.84 25.01 6251.84 25.01 5212.32

SQ
2745.906 4118.858 2071.933 2071.933 1042.218 1042.218 2584.711 2745.906 4118.858 2071.933 2071.933 1042.218 1042.218 2584.711

5.1.2 Design Parameters


Yield Strength - #3 ~ #5 : fy1 , #6 ~ : fy2 f_cl : Clear Cover for edge of footing reinforcement f_clt : Clear Cover for top of footing reinforcement f_clb : Clear Cover for bottom of footing reinforcement Loc. : Location of Critical Point from left side of footing Unit(N/mm ,mm)
2

f(Flexure)
0.9

f(Shear)
0.75

f'c
27.46

fy1
274.59

fy2
411.88

f_cl
50.0

f_clt
50.0

f_clb
80.0

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09/20/2011

Calculation Sheet of Foundation 5.2 RING WALL DESIGN


5.2.1 Ring Wall Formula
Definitions, W : Weight of tank shell plus the tributary weight of a cone roof per feet of circumference (kN/m) N : Thickness of tank shell plate BPT : Bottom Plate Thickness D : Tank diameter f : Angle of internal friction of soil H : Height of tank (Height of liquid) h : Height of ring wall h1,h2 : Filling material height of ring wall 3 gs1,gs2 : Unit weight of soil under tank (kN/m ) gs1 h1 + gs2 h2 gs = h1 + h2 3 q = Unit weight of tank fluid (kN/m ) 3 gc = Unit weight of concrete (kN/m ) F = Radial outward force on ringwall T = Axial tension in ring Ko = Rest Earth Pressure Coefficient Minimum required thickness of ringwall The center-to-center diameter of ring wall is equal to the nominal tank diameter. The tank diameter is 4572mm or more If above assumptions are not applicable, an alternate foundation type shall be used. EmptyLoad - Bottom Plate Weight (kN/m) p tank diameter 3 Bottom Plate Weight = 76.98(kN/m ) Bottom Plate Thickness Bottom Plate Area 2 W t.cal = q H - 2 h (gc - gs) t.min = Minimum wall thickness = 12 in t.used = User input wall thickness (mm) W=

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09/20/2011

T q a n H ks1 g Pu2

Calculation Sheet of Foundation


Horizontal reinforcement of ringwall Pu1 = ko ( h1 + h2 ) q H Pu2 = 1/2 ko gs1 h1 2 Pu3 = ko gs1 h1 * h2 Pu4 = 1/2 ko gs2 h2 F = Pu1 + Pu2 + Pu3 + Pu4 T = 1/2 F D , the F(horizontal force) causes a hoop tension in the ring wall
2

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h1

Pu1 Pu3 Pu4

F
gs2

T , f = 0.9 f fy Req'd As must not be less than that required for temperature & shrinkage reinforcement. fac : Shrinkage And Temperature Factor Reinforcement is more than 60000 psi and #3 ~ #5....................fac = 0.002 else case......................................................................................fac = 0.0025 As.Min = factors (By Design Code) ringwall cross section area Req'd As = Required steel area to resist entire axial tension Req'd As = Load Factor Vertical reinforcement of ringwall Selected As = fac b h fac : Shrinkage And Temperature Factor Reinforcement is more than 60000 psi and #3 ~ #5....................fac = 0.0012 else case......................................................................................fac = 0.0015

h2

T D F T

5.2.2 Check of Minimum required Thickness & Reinforcement of ringwall


Footing Name : F4 Input Data GroupType : Tank_1

Dia (mm )
6100.00

h (mm )
500.00

Hor. Bar
#6 @ 300 mm

Ver. Bar
#6 @ 300 mm

Hor. fy (N/mm
411.88

Ver. fy (N/mm
411.88

rc (kN/m

Ko
0.500

Load F.
0

23.54

Input Equipment Data

Dia (mm )
5500

H (mm )
17526.00

N (mm )
10.00

BPT (mm )
1.00

h1 (m )
0.100

h2 (m )
0.200

gs1 (kN/m )
3

gs2 (kN/m )
3

q (kN/m )
9.81

10.79

11.77

Result of Thickness

W (kN/m )
13.49

t.Cal (mm )
168.88

t.Min (mm )
304.80

t.Used (mm )
600.00

Result
OK

Result of Hooptension

F (kN/m )
26.034

T (kN )
71.593

Tu (kN )
0.000

As.req (mm )
0.000

As.Min (mm )
750.000

As.Used (mm )
1710.138

Result
OK

Result of Vertical Reinforcement

b(mm)
1000.00

d(mm)
540.47

As.Used (mm )
950.07

As.Selected (mm )
450.00

As.Max (mm )
11485.07

Result
OK

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