RURAL AGRICULTURAL WORK EXPERIENCE PROGRAMME Dr. N B Chauhan , Dr. B S Patel and Dr.

R C Patel Introduction: Youths are powerful forces in empowering any country. Youths can become parts of major area of interests for the development of any nations. Agriculture is a prime area of attention and interest to develop India. Besides powerful agriculture research and effective adoption, creation of powerful human resources to manage such agricultural developmental task is a most important need of our nation. Agricultural education is an important tool in ensuring increased agricultural productivity, sustainability, environmental and ecological security, profitability, job security and equity. Pragmatic learning is the fundamental move towards problem solving in which learning is for improving interactions with the outside work. The learning process imparts a direction to the students to think and act which creates self-confidence. Self-confidence is the key in experiential learning, which primarily trains the students at different phases. It offers a direction to the students to develop their competence, capability and ability, capacity building, acquiring skills and expertise and also personality development. However, it requires interest of an individual with total commitment and involvement, participation, reception, active interest, dedication, handwork, curiosity, vision and mission. Under the changing dynamics of economical and industrial growth agriculture has to undergo changes with new approaches, therefore, experiential system in agriculture has strong potential for imparting better training of the agricultural technocrats with high level of skill in combination with the modern out-look and management capacity. Agricultural education is a dynamics one, which is undergoing change in a very rapid manner to meet the need of the society. The students of agriculture are learning well on basic and applied issues of science and technology, however, they do not possess adequate self-confidence in starting own commercial farming. Under this situation, RURAL AGRICULTURAL WORK EXPERIENCE PROGRAMME (RAWEP) is an important competence and confidence building Programme activity introduced in many SAUs in India. In India, Randhawa Committee (1992) recommended the Rural Agriculture Work Experience (RAWE) Programme for imparting quality, practical and productive oriented education for the agriculture degree programme. The World Bank (1995) stated that there was little emphasis in the curricula on preparing the agricultural graduates for better career in agriculture or agribusiness outside government jobs. Therefore, the agenda for the 21st century in agricultural education must be drawn on the basis of the challenges it has to meet in the near future. Getting do, how practical hands-on training during higher education towards self-employment, is very essential. It provides significant hands - on experience in acquiring skills, which are mainly aimed at creating a product or providing a service to those who demand. This Programme is for providing work experience to the students in rural setting. In fact experiential learning is exactly what the name implies learning from work experience. The experiential approach is a learner-centered approach and allows an individual student to manage and share responsibility for his learning with his teachers and hosts. Effective work experience training strategies incorporating rural agricultural experiential learning approaches provide opportunities for a student of the last year to engage in field work activity and to review and analyze critically this work experience activity and to draw some useful conclusions, decisions, from this analysis and apply the result in actual practical life and field situation. The period of this programme in all the SAUs of Gujarat is one semester (the seventh semester) to carry out the activities in sound designed integrated model. The students are allotted to the research stations of major crops of particular zone. They are also exposed in villages with farm families, agro-based industries, co-operatives NGOs and high-tech cell during different phases of RAWE Programme.

4. Art of negotiation 3. To develop the understanding regarding agricultural technologies being followed by farmers and to prepare alternate farm plans to suit to the local situation in consultation with the farmers. agrobased industries. To make students understand the role of men and women in agricultural and allied fields. Objectives of RAWE programme: 1. poultry. Students are also to be practically exposed to the research methodologies including experimental techniques. animal husbandry. Conflict management 5. In final phase of the Programme. To acquaint the students with on going thrust on rural development and programmers related to transfer of technology. 5. 7. To develop the techniques / know how among the students for preparing and development of package through collection of data based from grass root level for rural areas. the students have to submit the detail report of work and experience. Confidence building 4. 8. The students have to make their own arrangements for lodging and boarding during the whole Programme. management. To explore the awareness. Money management .During this programme. Probable results of RAWE Programme 1. To explore and to develop understanding regarding high-tech agricultural technology and factors affecting the adoption of modern methods of agriculture by the farmers. and collection and processing of experimental data. three weeks educational tour with in the state and in neighboring states is also organized. Life like experiences 10. 10. To develop the understanding of rural community life and the different situations prevailing in villages with special reference to agriculture. Art of listening 2. Managing relationship 11. 9. 11. How to get feed back 9. 12. Developing art of creative thinking 7. To develop communication skills among students using extension teaching methods in transfer of technology. To familiarize with the socio-economic conditions of farmers and their problems with reference to agricultural development. marketing etc. To develop confidence and competence in students for solving problems related to agriculture. 6. understanding & skills among the students with special reference to scientific model of ³ Integrated Development of Agriculture´ which includes crop husbandry. Respective subject teacher organize the written and oral examination and evaluation is made in grade point system. horticulture. 3. 2. processing. dairying. Develop skill of joint effort 6. Effective decision-making 8. agro forestry. To provide an opportunity to the students for practical training in crop production through work experience. fisheries.

Expected out come: y y y y Having awareness about the latest technology Understanding of green house. Krushi Vigyan Kendra: It is to help them to understand what is going on in the training and research centres. Practicing method 15. Expected out come: y Ability to plan out strategy to work in villages . Knowledge of collection. Understand the real life problems 18.12. Understanding situation of recommended technology 20. Expected out come: y y y y y y y y y Building research and extension works competence Building confidence as an individual Disclosure of recent advancement in training and research Handling practical work. the need of today¶s farmers and the role of trainers and researchers. In short. Time management 17. Working of local institution 21. Working with local organizations/leaders Various exposures for practical learning: Orientation programme of students/ teachers: This phase is meant to introduce the RAWE to the faculty and the student and to sensitize them towards the changed attitude required in the whole programme: Expected out come: y y y Changed attitude towards learning Development of team work Understanding of the RAWE programme Stay at Agricultural Research Stations. compilation and analysis of experimental data Knowledge of research experimental techniques Knowledge of working methodology Revelation of administration and management Solving management problems Stay with High-Tech cell: It helps the students be conversant to work with the modern gadgets like computer and the other machines we need for tissue culture and biotechnology. Observe problem 13. this period helps them to know the middle segment between the academic and rural world better. tissue culture and bio-technology Updating and collecting information through internet Working and surfing with computers Stay with Farm families in villages: It provides real touch of rural atmosphere so that the students plan their future career accordingly. Understanding of prevailing situation 19. Self-management 16. Personality development 14.

This experiential system in agricultural education has a strong potential to prepare a better agricultural technocrats with high level of skill in combination with the modern out-look and management capacity. RAWE is a learner-centered approach of exposing undergraduate students of Agriculture college by using principles of ³learning by doing´ and ³seeing is believing´ to provide direction to think and act on their own. Expected outcome y y y y y y y y y Conflict management Creating solution-finding atmosphere Impact on agricultural development Management of different components Managing Economic crisis People¶s participation Problem-solving attitude Teamwork development Working with people organization Thus. skillful and able to do work in real life situations. Expected outcome: y y y Development of outlook Vision of the outside world Confident and competent individual Stay at Agro-based Industries and Co-operatives: This phase helps students to understand the meaning and nature of existing co-operatives and how to be entrepreneurs through the agro-based business. Understanding the gap between the rural and urban people Understanding the mundane work and problems Stay with Non-governmental Organizations: It helps them know the issue based organizations and make them committed to the rural mass and to their profession. It offers a course to develop students to learn how to be competent. RAWE is one . Expected outcome: y y y y y y y Experience of commitment to the cause Involving people to participate Knowledge of administration and management Knowledge of starting an NGO Law cost management Personnel management Understanding local institutions and their need Educational tour: It gives various types of exposure of the facts of life with pleasure. capable.y y y y Real field experience Understanding real-life. confident.

of the best means to produce well trained agricultural graduates with broad based knowledge and techniques to meet the emerging challenges. .

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