Democracy Rising Public Integrity Survey

January 2012

136 Deerford Drive Lancaster, PA 17601 717.394.2164 Fax: 717.394.0198 Cell: 717.575.2164

Methodology The document presents the findings of a survey of 504 Pennsylvania residents conducted during December, 2011. The survey was designed by Terry Madonna Opinion Research on behalf of Democracy Rising Pennsylvania and the interviewing was conducted by First Contact of Rehoboth, Delaware. The sample error for the total sample is plus or minus 4.4 percent. Telephone numbers for the survey were generated from state-wide voter registration lists. The final sample was weighted (age) to correct for differential probabilities of selection and non-response using an iterative weighting procedure. In addition to sampling error, this poll is also subject to other sources of nonsampling error. Generally speaking, two sources of error concern researchers most. Nonresponse bias is created when selected participants either choose not to participate in the survey or are unavailable for interviewing. Response errors are the product of the question and answer process. Surveys that rely on self-reported behaviors and attitudes are susceptible to biases related to the way respondents process and respond to survey questions.

Hello, my name is [INSERT NAME] and I’m calling from Terry Madonna Research, a professional research company. We are conducting a survey about some issues and problems facing Pennsylvania today and I was hoping to ask you a few questions. First, so that our data is scientifically valid, we need to randomly sample someone within your household to interview. Could I please speak to the adult in the household who MOST RECENTLY celebrated a birthday? [ONCE PROPER RESPONDENT IS ON THE TELEPHONE, BEGIN THE INTERVIEW—IF PROPER RESPONDENT IS UNAVAILABLE, SCHEDULE A TIME TO CALL BACK] REG. Some people are registered to vote, and many others are not. Are you CURRENTLY REGISTERED to vote at your present address? Yes 100.0 regPARTY. Are you currently registered as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or as something else? Republican 33.1 Democrat 48.0 Ind, Other 10.9 DK 8.0 PAgov1. Generally speaking, do you think Pennsylvania’s state government needs reform, or not? Yes 86.0 No 9.5 DK 4.5 PAgov2. How strongly do you feel about this: Very strongly, somewhat strongly, not too strongly, not strongly at all? Very strongly 39.1 Somewhat strongly 45.8 Not too strongly 7.2 Not strongly at all .2 DK 7.8 Which of the following areas of state government do you think need to be reformed? Ref1. The way campaigns are financed Yes 88.3 No 7.3 DK 4.4 Ref2. The structure and operations of the state legislature, including the size of the legislature and term limits for elected officials Yes 81.2 No 11.9 DK 6.9 Ref3. The way state and local governments are financed Yes 81.5 No 9.4 DK 9.0

Ref4. The way state legislative districts are created Yes 71.5 No 14.9 DK 13.6 Redistrict. State legislative districts are currently re-drawn every ten years based on changes to the state’s population. New legislative districts are re-drawn by state legislators and the state supreme court. Do you think state legislative districts should be created by an independent commission or do you think these districts should continue to be drawn by state legislators? Independent commission 24.9 State legislators 20.9 Both 40.9 Neither 5.0 DK 8.2 ConConv. Pennsylvania’s constitution establishes the fundamental law of the state, ensuring basic rights to citizens, outlining the structure of state government, and providing rules by which state legislators are elected and how they conduct the state’s business. The state’s current constitution was adopted in 1874 and the last constitutional convention was held in 1967. Would you favor or oppose a state constitutional convention to review the state’s constitution? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 13.7 Somewhat favor 54.6 Somewhat oppose 23.2 Strongly oppose 4.3 DK 4.2 ConTopic. Do you think that the topics debated at a constitutional convention should be determined by state legislators or by citizens? Legislators 4.6 Citizens 44.9 Both 46.4 Other 1.1 DK 3.0 ConDel. Do you think the delegates chosen to participate in a constitutional convention should be selected so that they are representative of all Pennsylvania citizens or should the delegates be elected by legislative district? Represent all citizens 71.0 Elected by district 16.0 Other 6.4 DK 6.6 Recall. Voters in some states can remove elected officials from office through a process known as the recall. Pennsylvania's constitution does NOT provide for RECALL ELECTIONS. Would you FAVOR or OPPOSE changing Pennsylvania's constitution to allow for recall elections? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 36.6 Somewhat favor 51.4 Somewhat oppose 9.7 Strongly oppose .3 DK 1.9

Initiative. "The initiative" is a process where citizens can place proposed government policies on the ballot for a vote without going through the state legislature. Twenty four states currently allow the initiative process. Would you favor or oppose changing Pennsylvania’s constitution to give Pennsylvania citizens "the initiative"? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 40.5 Somewhat favor 46.1 Somewhat oppose 10.2 Strongly oppose 1.0 DK 2.2 Ref. Referendum is a process where citizens can vote on whether to accept or repeal laws enacted by the state legislature. Twenty four states currently have a referendum process. Would you favor or oppose changing Pennsylvania’s constitution to give Pennsylvania citizens referendum rights? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 40.5 Somewhat favor 46.8 Somewhat oppose 9.7 Strongly oppose .3 DK 2.7 StL_Size. Pennsylvania currently has 203 members in the state House of Representatives and 50 state senators. Would you FAVOR or OPPOSE reducing the SIZE of the state LEGISLATURE? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 12.8 Somewhat favor 49.0 Somewhat oppose 24.8 Strongly oppose 4.8 DK 8.6 Would you favor or oppose each of the following as a way to reduce the size of the state legislature? Size1. Reducing both the House and Senate by [RANDOMIZE: 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%]? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 26.7 Somewhat favor 35.8 Somewhat oppose 21.1 Strongly oppose 12.6 DK 3.7 Size2. Eliminating the State Senate and keeping only the State House of Representatives? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 1.6 Somewhat favor 16.7 Somewhat oppose 38.1 Strongly oppose 35.2 DK 8.4

Size3. Eliminating the State House of Representatives and keeping only the State Senate? Is that strongly or somewhat [favor/oppose]? Strongly favor 1.3 Somewhat favor 11.3 Somewhat oppose 41.6 Strongly oppose 37.9 DK 7.9 Size4. Currently, each member of the state house of representatives represents about 63,000 citizens. What do you think is the maximum number of citizens a state representative should represent? 10,000 - 50,000 9.1 51,000 - 100,000 7.6 101,000 - 200,000 16.4 201,000 - 300,000 1.5 501,000 - 600,000 .6 do not change 3.4 DK 60.8 Size5. Currently, each member of the state senate represents about 250,000 citizens. What do you think is the maximum number of citizens a state senator should represent? 10,000 - 50,000 1.8 51,000 - 100,000 2.7 101,000 - 200,000 4.6 201,000 - 300,000 4.3 301,000 - 400,000 11.7 401,000 - 500,000 5.6 501,000 - 600,000 1.0 do not change 8.7 DK 59.6 There have been several proposals made to reform the way the state legislature operates. For each proposal I read, please tell me whether you would FAVOR or OPPOSE it. Is that strongly or somewhat [favor / oppose]? Op1. Prohibiting the legislature from voting on legislation between October and December of an election year, which is sometimes called a lame duck session? Strongly favor 25.1 Somewhat favor 38.8 Somewhat oppose 16.6 Strongly oppose 10.4 DK 9.1 Op2. Requiring that the legislature adjourn before election days so that a lawmakers' record is FINAL before voters are asked to vote for him or her? Strongly favor 38.2 Somewhat favor 47.4 Somewhat oppose 10.8 Strongly oppose 1.3 DK 2.3

Op3. Requiring legislators to wait 48 hours after changing a bill before they can cast a final vote on the bill? Strongly favor 39.2 Somewhat favor 43.2 Somewhat oppose 11.7 Strongly oppose 1.7 DK 4.2 Op4. Requiring that elected officials resign from their current office when they decide to seek election to a different office? Strongly favor 49.9 Somewhat favor 36.6 Somewhat oppose 10.5 Strongly oppose 1.1 DK 1.8 Sal1. Do you think that state legislators should receive pensions and health care benefits in addition to the salaries they receive, or not? Yes 65.1 No 26.1 DK 8.9 Sal2. Do you think that state legislators should be allowed to earn additional money beyond the salaries they receive, or not? Yes 32.4 No 49.8 DK 17.9 I am going to read you a list of campaign reforms that are being discussed in the state. Please tell me whether you favor or oppose each. Do you favor or oppose... Is that strongly or somewhat [favor / oppose]? Cam1. Limiting the amount of money any individual or group can contribute to a political candidate Strongly favor 29.2 Somewhat favor 44.5 Somewhat oppose 17.7 Strongly oppose 4.6 DK 4.0 Cam2. Providing some public money to candidates so they don't have to rely on contributions from special interest groups Strongly favor 16.8 Somewhat favor 47.7 Somewhat oppose 23.8 Strongly oppose 7.5 DK 4.2

Cam3. Prohibiting public officials from accepting anything of value from those who are seeking to influence them? Strongly favor 55.0 Somewhat favor 37.8 Somewhat oppose 5.0 Strongly oppose .8 DK 1.3 Cam4. Having the requirements for getting on the ballot be the same for all candidates regardless of their party? Strongly favor 52.1 Somewhat favor 43.1 Somewhat oppose 3.9 Strongly oppose .2 DK .6 Cam5. Requiring voters to show a drivers license or other state issued identification before they can vote? Strongly favor 47.2 Somewhat favor 39.6 Somewhat oppose 7.1 Strongly oppose 2.7 DK 3.5 Cam6. Providing public financing for all judicial candidates? Strongly favor 10.5 Somewhat favor 33.4 Somewhat oppose 38.6 Strongly oppose 12.6 DK 4.9 Cam7. Providing public financing for all state-wide elections? Strongly favor 9.6 Somewhat favor 37.5 Somewhat oppose 35.4 Strongly oppose 12.9 DK 4.6 Cam8. Providing public financing for all state legislative elections Strongly favor 10.5 Somewhat favor 36.5 Somewhat oppose 35.2 Strongly oppose 12.9 DK 4.8

I now have a final few questions for statistical purposes only. What is the name of the county you live in? Phila & SE 32.8 NE 9.2 Alleg & SW 21.6 NW 9.7 CENT 26.7 AGE. What was your age on your last birthday? 18 - 34 25.9 35 - 54 37.1 55 and over 37.0 EDUC. What is the highest grade level of education you have completed? High school or less 46.1 Some college 31.5 College degree 22.4 Hisp. Do you consider yourself to be Hispanic or Latino, or not? Yes 6.2 No 93.2 DK .5 RACE. Is your racial background white, African-American, Asian, American Indian, or something else? White 77.9 Non-white 20.7 DK 1.3 Mar. What is your CURRENT marital status, are you single, married, separated, divorced, or a widower? Married 59.3 Single 21.6 Divorced 9.6 Widowed 8.5 DK 1.0 IDEO. Politically speaking, do you consider yourself to be a liberal, a moderate, or a conservative? Liberal 12.4 Moderate 45.2 Conservative 22.5 DK 19.9 INC. And, just for statistical purposes, we need to know if your total family income is above or below $50,000 per year? Less than $50,000 53.0 More than $50,000 40.5 DK 6.6 SEX. Male 46.8 Female 53.2

PAgov1:Does state government need reform

Yes No DK Ref1:Supports campaign finance reform Yes No DK Ref2:Supports reforming structure and operations Yes of state legislature No DK Ref3:Supports reforming state and local Yes government financing No DK Ref4:Supports reforming redistricting process Yes No DK Redistrict:Redistricting preference Independent commission State legislators Both Neither DK ConConv:Favor or oppose state constitutional Strongly favor convention Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK ConTopic:Preference for determining topics for Legislators convention discussion Citizens Both Other DK ConDel:Preference for choosing constitutional Represent all citizens delegates Elected by district Other DK Recall:Favor or oppose recall elections Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Initiative:Favor or oppose initiative Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Ref:Favor or oppose referendum Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK StL_Size:Favor or oppose reducing size of state Strongly favor legislature Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK StL_Size:Favor or oppose reducing size of state Strongly favor legislature Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK StL_Size:Favor or oppose reducing size of state Strongly favor legislature Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK

Region of state Phila & SE Northeast Alleg & SW Northwest Central Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % 83% 71% 92% 90% 89% 9% 20% 7% 8% 10% 8% 10% 1% 2% 2% 88% 86% 93% 84% 87% 6% 5% 5% 13% 10% 6% 9% 2% 3% 3% 80% 76% 90% 78% 78% 9% 15% 8% 17% 16% 11% 9% 2% 5% 5% 88% 76% 88% 66% 75% 5% 11% 5% 18% 14% 7% 13% 6% 16% 10% 83% 67% 69% 58% 66% 6% 16% 17% 27% 20% 11% 17% 15% 15% 14% 24% 22% 28% 23% 26% 24% 25% 14% 24% 20% 37% 32% 47% 44% 43% 4% 4% 8% 4% 6% 12% 17% 4% 5% 6% 14% 9% 14% 15% 15% 59% 57% 54% 57% 48% 21% 19% 20% 22% 30% 2% 7% 7% 2% 4% 3% 8% 6% 3% 3% 4% 8% 2% 5% 7% 40% 44% 47% 48% 48% 53% 38% 46% 43% 41% 1% 0% 3% 0% 1% 2% 9% 1% 4% 3% 66% 75% 80% 70% 70% 19% 20% 7% 18% 18% 8% 0% 7% 7% 6% 8% 5% 6% 5% 7% 32% 31% 53% 30% 33% 52% 60% 41% 57% 54% 13% 9% 5% 11% 10% 0% 0% 0% 2% 1% 3% 0% 1% 0% 3% 35% 34% 48% 39% 44% 46% 52% 46% 50% 43% 13% 14% 4% 11% 10% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 4% 0% 2% 0% 2% 33% 34% 50% 38% 45% 47% 57% 41% 49% 47% 13% 9% 7% 13% 7% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 7% 0% 2% 0% 1% 11% 9% 11% 14% 17% 48% 41% 56% 47% 48% 25% 32% 23% 30% 22% 5% 11% 6% 2% 3% 12% 8% 5% 7% 9% 11% 9% 11% 14% 17% 48% 41% 56% 47% 48% 25% 32% 23% 30% 22% 5% 11% 6% 2% 3% 12% 8% 5% 7% 9% 11% 9% 11% 14% 17% 48% 41% 56% 47% 48% 25% 32% 23% 30% 22% 5% 11% 6% 2% 3% 12% 8% 5% 7% 9%

Democracy Rising Public Integrity Poll (504 PA Registered Voters)

Terry Madonna Opinion Research

Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Size2:Favor or oppose eliminating state senate Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Strongly favor Size3:Favor or oppose eliminating state house Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Strongly favor Op1:Favor or oppose eliminating lame duck Somewhat favor sessions Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Op2:Favor or oppose adjournment of legislature Strongly favor Somewhat favor before election day Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Op3:Favor or oppose requiring 48 hour wait after Strongly favor Somewhat favor changing bills before final vote Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Op4:Favor or oppose requiring elected officials to Strongly favor Somewhat favor resign before seeking a different office Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Sal1:Should state legislators receive pensions andYes No health benefits DK Yes Sal2:Should state legislators be able to earn No additional money beyond their salaries DK Strongly favor Cam1:Favor or oppose limiting political Somewhat favor contributions Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Strongly favor Cam2:Favor or oppose public financing of Somewhat favor campaigns Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Strongly favor Cam3:Favor or oppose prohibiting gifts to Somewhat favor legislators Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Cam4:Favor or oppose equal ballot requirements Strongly favor Somewhat favor for all parties Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Size1:Favor or oppose reducing size of state legislature by specific percent

Region of state Phila & SE Northeast Alleg & SW Northwest Central Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % 23% 17% 28% 27% 32% 41% 44% 28% 28% 37% 19% 22% 26% 26% 18% 15% 7% 17% 11% 9% 3% 10% 1% 9% 4% 2% 0% 0% 3% 3% 16% 20% 21% 9% 16% 31% 25% 43% 36% 46% 36% 51% 32% 50% 28% 15% 3% 5% 3% 8% 1% 3% 0% 6% 1% 12% 17% 2% 9% 17% 37% 25% 48% 36% 48% 37% 51% 45% 47% 27% 13% 3% 5% 3% 8% 19% 18% 37% 19% 27% 33% 46% 37% 46% 42% 21% 7% 10% 16% 20% 14% 17% 4% 18% 7% 13% 12% 12% 2% 4% 28% 34% 56% 30% 41% 53% 57% 37% 43% 47% 15% 5% 7% 18% 9% 1% 0% 1% 5% 1% 3% 4% 0% 3% 2% 33% 34% 49% 34% 42% 48% 50% 39% 36% 41% 12% 11% 9% 21% 11% 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 6% 4% 2% 5% 4% 46% 34% 72% 42% 46% 43% 48% 22% 39% 36% 8% 14% 5% 16% 15% 0% 0% 1% 3% 2% 3% 4% 1% 0% 1% 69% 53% 75% 55% 60% 17% 42% 23% 26% 34% 14% 5% 2% 19% 6% 36% 29% 32% 20% 34% 41% 54% 50% 63% 54% 23% 17% 17% 17% 12% 28% 20% 26% 34% 34% 42% 58% 49% 43% 40% 16% 16% 23% 13% 19% 8% 0% 2% 5% 4% 6% 6% 1% 5% 3% 16% 20% 11% 24% 20% 47% 61% 49% 40% 46% 23% 10% 27% 26% 25% 4% 7% 12% 10% 7% 10% 2% 1% 0% 2% 45% 45% 71% 59% 57% 44% 50% 25% 38% 35% 8% 4% 4% 3% 4% 0% 2% 0% 0% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 1% 55% 45% 57% 43% 50% 38% 49% 40% 52% 47% 5% 5% 2% 5% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1%

Democracy Rising Public Integrity Poll (504 PA Registered Voters)

Terry Madonna Opinion Research

Strongly favor Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Cam6:Favor or oppose public financing for judicial Strongly favor Somewhat favor elections Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Cam7:Favor or oppose public financing for state- Strongly favor Somewhat favor wide elections Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Cam8:Favor or oppose public financing for state Strongly favor Somewhat favor legislative elections Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose DK Cam5:Favor or oppose requiring voters to show identification before voting

Region of state Phila & SE Northeast Alleg & SW Northwest Central Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % Column N % 49% 44% 57% 39% 41% 31% 43% 38% 51% 46% 10% 9% 2% 5% 8% 4% 2% 1% 5% 2% 7% 2% 2% 0% 2% 15% 13% 8% 3% 9% 39% 30% 29% 27% 33% 33% 31% 46% 53% 36% 7% 22% 12% 13% 16% 5% 3% 5% 3% 6% 15% 13% 5% 3% 8% 44% 35% 34% 28% 36% 29% 26% 44% 50% 34% 6% 26% 12% 15% 16% 5% 0% 5% 3% 6% 15% 13% 8% 5% 9% 44% 32% 32% 28% 35% 29% 26% 44% 50% 33% 7% 29% 11% 13% 16% 5% 0% 5% 3% 6%

Democracy Rising Public Integrity Poll (504 PA Registered Voters)

Terry Madonna Opinion Research