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5tanlord Inivcrsity Ircss
5tanlord, íalilornia
Lnglish translation ' zoo,ĕby thc ßoard ol Jrustccs ol thc
Lcland 5tanlord junior Inivcrsity. ^ll rights rcscrvcd.
On 1ouc/tng-]c4n-Luc Í4nç
was originally publishcd in Frcnch in zoooĕ
undcr thc titlc Lc tauc/cr ]c4n-Luc Í4nc¡
' zooo,ĕÍditions Calilcc.
^ssistancc lor thc translation was providcd by thc
Frcnch Ninistry ol íulturc.
¨'4/ut to you, s4/ut to thc blind wc bccomc¨ (p. ,i,)ĕ
was originally publishcd in Frcnch undcr thc titlc
¨5alut à toi, salut aux avcuglcs quc nous dcvcnons,¨
' zoo|,ĕÍditions Calilcc1|can-Luc lancy
Jranslatcd and publishcd by pcrmission.
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or by any mcans, clcctronic or mcchanical, including photocopying
and rccording, or in any inlormation storagc or rctricval systcm
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p. cm.÷(Ncridian, crossing acsthctics)
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:sn×ĕo-8o|;-|z|,-xĕ(cloth· alk. papcr÷
:sn×ĕo-8o|;-|z||-8ĕ(pbk. . alk papcr)
:.ĕ lancy, |can-Luc÷íriticism and intcrprctation.
z.ĕ Jouch. ,.ĕ 5cnsc (Ihilosophy)
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nz|,o.×,6|r|;i,ĕ zoo,ĕ
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Criginal Irinting zoo,ĕ
Last hgurc bclow indicatcs ycar ol this printing:
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1heЧh tstЧvetsionЧolЧthisЧessayЧwasЧwtittenЧinЧĠ,,z. ЧleggyЧKamulЧttans-
latedЧitЧintoЧĀnglish,ЧandЧhetЧttanslationЧwasЧpublishedЧtheЧlollowingЧyeatЧ
inЧPa·a̢a¸h,ΘwhichЧhadЧdedicatedЧaЧspecialЧissueЧtoЧŰean-LucЧNancyЧatЧtheЧ
time. ǠЧ1hisЧ intetnationalЧttibuteЧcleatlyЧshowedЧonceЧ againЧthatЧtheЧmea-
suteЧolЧanЧideaЧisЧoŒenЧtaken,ЧhtstЧandЧlast,Ч¨abtoad, ¨ЧinЧ¨loteign˄Ч countties.Ч
WhatЧlЧ wtoteЧthenЧstandsЧasЧaЧ modest,Ч pattial,Ч andЧptovisionalЧintto-
ductionЧ toЧNancyƊsЧwotk.Ч ltЧwasЧmyЧintentionЧtoЧ developЧitЧotЧputsueЧitЧ
elsewheteЧwhenЧtheЧtightЧtimeЧcame.ЧlЧhaveЧcettainlyЧnotЧgivenЧupЧonЧthat,Ч
manyЧnewЧdevelopmentsЧ ateЧ theЧ matkЧolЧthis.Ч ßutЧ lЧ mustЧ admitЧthatЧ lЧ
haveЧhadЧtoЧlollowЧtheЧmotils, ЧatЧleast,Ч olЧmyЧhtstЧ attempts,Ч asЧ latЧasЧ theЧ
topicalЧheattЧ olЧtheЧmattetЧisЧconcetned.Ч
WhileЧtheЧchoiceЧolЧtheЧguidingЧthtead,ЧandЧespeciallyЧolЧtheЧotiginalЧti-
tle-̈́cЧ/sachs·-see͘eƈΘtoЧimposeЧitsell,ЧitЧnevetЧceasedЧtoЧwottyЧme.ЧlnЧ
theЧgtammaticalЧlotmЧolЧtheЧltenchЧphtaseЧandЧitsЧindecision-betweenЧ
theЧnounЧ /sachs·ΘandЧvetbЧ/sachs·,ΘtheЧdehniteЧatticleЧ/sΘandЧpetsonalЧpto-
nounЧͅc-itЧisЧeasyЧtoЧtecognizeЧtwoЧindissociableЧgestutes.ЧilЧoneЧanalyzedЧ
theЧwayЧinЧwhichЧaЧgteatЧphilosophetЧtteatedЧ touch,Ч howЧheЧhandledЧthisЧ
ptoloundЧquestionЧolЧtheЧsenseЧthatЧisЧappatentlyЧtheЧmostЧsupethοcial,ЧtheЧ
questionЧolЧtheЧvetyЧsutlaceЧ itsell,Ч touching,ЧwasЧitЧnotЧ necessatyЧalsoЧ toЧ
touchЧhim,ΘandЧthusЧtouchЧsomeone,ЧaddtessЧonesellЧtoЧhimЧsinga/·q,ΘtouchЧ
someoneЧinΘhim,ΘaЧsttangetЧpethaps·ЧNevetЧtoЧthisЧdegteeЧhaveЧlЧ leltЧhowЧ
enigmatic,Ч howЧttoublingЧidiomsЧateЧinЧtheitЧnecessity,Ч inЧexptessionsЧsuchЧ
asЧ ¨touchЧtoЧtheЧheatt, ¨Ч ¨touchЧtheЧheatt,¨ЧwhethetЧtheitЧvalueЧisЧptopetlyЧ
litetalЧotЧhgutative,ЧotЧsometimesЧboth,ЧbeyondЧallЧdecidability.Ч
Howevet,Ч byЧ thusЧptivilegingЧoneЧpetspective,ЧletЧusЧevenЧ sayЧ oneЧssnss,Θ
î7
xЧ Fs·sas·dΘ
oneЧolЧtheЧsenses,Ч don'tЧweЧ undettakeЧtoЧchoose,ЧtoЧunlaitlyЧleaveЧinЧ theЧ
shadowsЧ evetythingЧexcludedЧbyЧthatЧ oneЧ sense,Чindeed,ЧbyЧtheЧsensesЧinЧ
genetal,ЧinЧandЧolЧthemselves·ЧDon'tЧweЧtiskЧlosingЧsightЧolЧtheЧmeasuteЧolЧ
theЧwotkЧweЧateЧclaimingЧtoЧopenЧup·Ч
1heЧtiskЧisЧallЧtheЧgteatetЧinЧthatЧthisЧ topicalЧvein,ЧbatelyЧvisibleЧatЧhtst,Ч
pethapsЧhiddenЧ untilЧthen,ЧhasЧ sinceЧ beenЧ Nancy'sЧ toЧ mine,Ч andЧheЧhasЧ
ceaselesslyЧbeenЧexpandingЧtheЧteachЧolЧitsЧinhuence,ЧincteasingЧtheЧwealthЧ
olЧitsЧsttatihcations,ЧandЧthusЧconhtmingЧitsЧtesoutces-atЧtheЧtiskЧ,toЧme)Ч
olЧventutingЧwithЧthisЧtowatdЧtheЧunptedictable,ЧotЧlosingЧitЧtheteljЧNancy'sЧ
LsΘssnsΘdaΘ msndsΘ, IhsΘSsnssΘs¸Θ/hsΘ vsͲd) , ΘlotЧ example,Ч ǘ tstЧpublishedЧ
shottlyЧaŒetwatdЧdutingЧtheЧsameЧyeat,Чů,,z, ЧalteadyЧboteЧwitnessЧtoЧthat,Ч
andЧ¨1ouchet¨Ч ,¨1ouching¨)Ч becameЧtheЧtitleЧolЧoneЧolЧitsЧchaptets.Ч NoЧ
luckyЧvein,Ч then.ЧwhatЧlЧhadЧptoposedЧtiskedЧappeatingЧnotЧonlyЧdatedЧ,itЧ
undeniablyЧandЧputposelyЧis)Ч butЧalsoЧincteasinglyЧdeǘ cient,Чlalteting,ЧotЧ
obsolete.Ч
ĽnableЧtodayЧtoЧttanslotmЧtheЧcenttalЧtopicЧolЧthisЧessayЧandЧmakeЧitЧlessЧ
unwotthyЧolЧNancyșsЧthought,Ч andЧpatticulatlyЧolЧtheЧpowetlulЧ booksЧ heЧ
hasЧpublishedЧdutingЧtheЧpastЧlewЧyeats, ƵЧlЧhaveЧcontentedЧmysellЧheteЧwithЧ
changesЧinЧtheЧlotmЧolЧtheЧtext,Ч intetpolatedЧpassages-someЧolЧthemЧad-
mittedlyЧlongЧones-andЧnotesЧaddedЧtettospectively.Ч
1heЧ ageЧ olЧthisЧ textЧ isЧthusЧmultπlold. Ч ltЧ sometimesЧskipsЧsevetalЧyeatsЧ
ltomЧoneЧsentenceЧtoЧtheЧnext.ЧAndЧso, Ч togethetЧwithЧtheЧteadet,Ч lЧ couldЧ
haveЧplayedЧatЧcolotingЧinЧtheЧsttataЧolЧanЧatchive.Ч
1oЧ admitЧtheseЧtisksЧandЧacceptЧthemЧwithoutЧshameЧisЧnotЧenough,Ч olЧ
coutse,Ч toЧcontainЧthem.Ч
lnЧ spiteЧ olЧallЧ theseЧ shottcomings,Ч ilЧthisЧ attemptЧ atЧ intetptetation,Ч
amongЧsoЧmanyЧothetЧpossibleЧones,ЧatЧleastЧpetsuadesЧothetsЧtoЧteadЧoneЧ
olЧtheЧimmenseЧphilosophicЧwotksЧolЧoutЧtime,ЧthisЧpublicationЧwillЧnotЧ
haveЧbeenЧaltogethetЧunjustihed.Ч
āacquesЧDettidaЧ
Årans!atOrs ÌrcIacc
1woЧdaysЧaltetЧŰacquesЧDettidaЧdied,ЧwhileЧthisЧbookЧwasЧinЧptoduction,Ч
Űean-LucЧNancyЧpublishedЧ anЧ atticleЧ inЧ theЧ newspapetЧLi/é·a/isnΘ titledЧ
¨SalutЧ aĕ toi,Ч salutЧ auxЧ aveuglesЧ queЧ nousЧ devenons. ¨Ч lЧ thankЧŰean-LucЧ
NancyЧlotЧallowingЧitЧtoЧbeЧttanslatedЧandЧpublishedЧinЧthisЧbook.Ч
lЧthankЧleggyЧKamul,ЧŰean-LucЧNancyЧ,againЧandЧagain) ,Ч HelenЧ1attat,Ч
NottisЧ lope,Ч WetnetЧ Hamachet,Ч AvitalЧ Ronell,Ч KimЧ LewisЧ ßtown,Ч ̰yЧ
Űamgochian,Ч ŮgieЧ Michaelis,Ч MatianaЧ Raykov,Ч MatcЧ ltomentǫMeutice,Ч
KalliopiЧ Nikolopoulou,Ч ĀdwatdЧ ßatche|det,Ч LeeЧ Moote,Ч LudwigЧReich-
hold,Ч ßtigitteЧŇanvincqЧ ,inЧmemoty) ,Ч SophieЧ ßissonnette,Ч StephanЧReich-
hold,Ч MilaЧ Reichhold,Ч AliceЧ ltizattyЧ ltomentǫMeuticeЧ Reichhold,Ч EddyЧ
ltizatty,Ч ŏilЧMendez,Ч lascalЧMassie,Ч ßeateЧSchuh,Ч RonaldЧßtuzina,ЧDietetЧ
Lohmat,ЧǕ|anЧßostick,ЧandЧDavidЧDwigginsơЧ
letetЧDteyetЧdesetvesЧmyЧextensiveЧ gtatitudeЧlotЧhisЧeditotialЧwotkЧonЧ
thisЧ ttanslation. Ч HisЧ supetbЧ editingЧ skillsЧ haveЧ conttibutedЧvetyЧsignihƂ -
cantlyЧtoЧtheЧh nalЧtesultơЧ
lЧ thankЧtheЧstallsЧ olЧtheЧHongЧKongЧlublicЧLibtaty,Ч theЧSanЧltanciscoЧ
lublicЧLibtaty,Ч theЧNashvilleЧlublicЧLibtaty,Ч andЧtheЧŇandetbiltЧĽnivet-
sityЧlibtatiesljЧ
ßyЧpetmissionЧolЧtheЧEdinbutghЧĽnivetsityЧltessЧandЧleggyЧKamul,ЧthisЧ
ttanslationЧ incotpotatesЧ ŰacquesЧ Dettida,Ч ¨LsΘ /sachs·ŴΘ 1ouchĘ 1oЧ 1ouchЧ
Him,¨ЧttanslatedЧbyЧleggyЧKamul,ЧinЧOnΘ/hsΘĤ·/Θs¸ΘǢsanţLacΘNanƇ,ΘeditedЧ
byЧleggyЧKamuňЧPa·aȄȟa¸hΘnj6, zЧ,ŰulyЧnj,,;) . ЧnjzzĞƷdz. ЧCopytight.ЧĀdinbutghЧ
ĽnivetsityЧltessЧ ,À . eup.ed.ac. uk)Ч
ChtistineЧltizattyЧ

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Signing H Quc·ticn-{cm ¹ri·tot/c
OneЧday,Чyes,ЧoneЧday,Ч onceЧuponЧaЧtime,ЧaЧtettihcЧtime,ЧaЧtimeЧtettihcallyЧ
addtessed,ЧwithЧasЧmuchЧviolenceЧasЧtactЧatЧitsЧhngettips,ЧaЧcettainЧquestionЧ
tookЧholdЧolЧme-asЧilЧit,ЧotЧ¨she¨Ч ¸/aΘqass/isn¦ ɽΘcameЧolЧme,ЧtoЧme.Ч
1oЧ tellЧtheЧttuth,Ч ¨she¨Чdidn'tЧcomeЧtoЧme-puttingЧitЧthatЧwayЧisЧinac-
cutateơЧ ¨She¨Ч didn'tЧcomeЧtoЧpayЧmeЧaЧ·isi/.Θ lnЧothetЧwotds,Ч ¨she¨Чdidn'tЧ
a/igh/ΘtoЧsssΘme,ЧasЧilЧlЧhadЧin·i/sdΘ¨het. ¨ЧNo,ЧasЧlЧsaid,Ч¨she¨ЧtookЧholdЧolЧ
me,Ч¨she¨ЧinvadedЧmeЧevenЧbeloteЧlЧhadЧseenЧ¨het¨Чcoming.Ч¨she¨ЧtouchedЧ
meЧbeloteЧlettingЧ¨hetsell¨ЧbeЧseen.ЧlnЧthisЧsense,Чyes,ЧalthoughЧtheteЧwasn'tЧ
anyЧvisitЧpaidЧtoЧme,ЧitЧteallyЧwas-beloteЧanyЧinvitation-aЧvisitation. ЧAЧ
genuineЧtestЧolЧhospitality.ЧtoЧteceiveЧtheЧothet'sЧvisitationЧj ustЧwheteЧtheteЧ
hasЧ beenЧ noЧptiotЧinvitation,ЧptecedingЧ¨het,¨ЧtheЧ oneЧattiving.Ч
NowЧasЧsoonЧasЧlЧhaveЧnicknamedЧ¨het¨-¨het,¨Чlet'sЧsay,ЧthisЧquestionƱ
lЧmayЧloseЧtheЧtightЧtoЧsayЧ¨oneЧday¨Ч,¨OneЧdayЧ. . . Ч aЧcettainЧquestionЧtookЧ
holdЧolЧme, ¨ЧotЧtookЧmeЧbyЧsutptise,ЧotЧgtabbedЧme)ЧandЧthusЧtoЧtellЧaЧstoty.Ч
lotЧtheЧquestionЧj ustЧnicknamedЧwasЧ ptecise|yЧoneЧaboutЧtheЧday,Ч anЧen-
quityЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧtheЧday-theЧquestionЧolЧtheЧday,Ч ilЧyouЧwill.Ч ßyЧ
tight,Ч¨she¨ЧthusЧcameЧtoЧlightЧbeloteЧtheЧlightЧolЧday.Ч
¨She¨Ч sawЧ theЧ lightЧolЧtheЧ day,Ч oneЧmightЧsay,Ч aЧptiotiɥЧ ¨she¨Ч cameЧ theЧ
eveningЧbelote.ЧAЧyounget,Ч eatlietЧtisetЧthanЧtheЧday,Ч ¨she¨ЧhencelotthЧhasЧ
toЧkeepЧwatchЧovetЧit-andЧtheteloteЧovetЧtheЧphenomenon.Ч ¨She¨Ч temainsЧ
ptephenomenological,Ч ¨she¨Ч does,Ч unlessЧweЧ canЧ sayЧ thatЧ ¨she¨Ч isЧ ttans-
phenomenalЧasЧwellljЧ
AndЧlЧ wouldЧ haveЧ evenЧ lostЧ theЧ tightЧ toЧ say,Ч sensuЧstticto,Ч thatЧ ¨she¨Ч
cameЧtoЧ otЧltomЧ Ţc-asЧ ilЧlЧ assumedЧ thatЧ aЧ questionЧcomeЧtoЧmeЧthusЧ
cameЧĩsmΘ me.Ч 1hisЧ questionЧcouldЧ notЧ happenЧ toЧ msΘexceptЧbyЧbeingЧ
J
z ¨vhsnΘsa·Θs¸ssΘ/sachǏΘǏΘ o
saidΘasЧmuchЧasЧ/sachsdΘupon-byЧtheЧothet-belongingЧhtstЧtoЧtheЧothet,Ч
comeЧ toЧmeЧltomЧtheЧothet,Ч whoЧwasЧ alteadyЧaddtessingЧitЧtoЧ theЧothetğЧ
litsċ,Ч¨she¨Чbeholds,ЧandЧisЧbeholdenЧto,ЧtheЧothet.Ч
HeteЧitЧis,Чttansctibed.Ч ¨WhenЧoutЧeyesЧtouch,Ч isЧ itЧdayЧotЧisЧitЧnight·¨Ч
¸¨ɵuandЧnosЧyeuxЧseЧtouchent,ЧlaitǫilЧj outЧouЧlait-ilЧnuit·¨¦Ч
lЧ thenЧttiedЧtoЧhaveЧitЧoutЧwithЧ¨het¨Ч-lЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧwithЧit,ЧtheЧsaidЧ
question. ЧlЧwasЧ detetminedЧtoЧshowЧaЧlimitlessЧpatience,ЧteadyЧlotЧtheЧin-
h niċe,ЧtheЧtimeЧolЧexpetienceЧitsell.Чlet'sЧsee,ЧcanЧeyesЧmanageЧtoЧtouch,ЧhtstЧ
olЧall,Ч toЧptessЧtogethetЧlikeЧlips·Ч
1oЧ whichЧsutlaceЧolЧtheЧeyeЧdoЧlipsЧcompate·ЧllЧtwoЧgazesЧlookЧintoЧeachЧ
othet'sЧ eyes,Ч canЧ oneЧ thenЧ sayЧ thatЧ theyЧ ateЧ touching·ЧAteЧ theyЧcomingЧ
intoЧcontact-theЧoneЧwithЧtheЧothet·ЧWhatЧisЧcontactЧilЧitЧalwaysЧ in/s·Δ
·snssΘ/s/assnΘŖЧandЧŖ·ЧAЧhidden,Чsealed,Чconcealed,Чsigned,Чsqueezed,Чcom-
ptessed,Ч andЧteptessedЧintettuption·ЧOtЧtheЧcsn/inaa/ΘintettuptionЧolЧanЧ
intettuption,ЧċheЧnegatingЧupheavalЧolЧtheЧintetval,ЧtheЧdeathЧolЧ/s/assn`Θ
llЧtwoЧgazesЧ comeЧ intoЧ contact,ЧtheЧoneЧwithЧtheЧothet,Ч theЧquestionЧwillЧ
alwaysЧ beЧwhethetЧtheyЧateЧ sttokingЧotЧsttikingЧeachЧ othet-andЧwheteЧ
theЧdilletenceЧwouldЧlie.Ч AЧbenedictionЧ botdetingЧonЧtheЧvetyЧwotst,Ч asЧ
always·ЧWouldЧaЧbenedictionЧbeЧbenehcentЧothetwise,ЧwithoutЧtheЧthteat-
eningЧpossibilityЧolЧsomeЧpetvetsion·Ч
Now,Ч inЧtheЧhtstЧplace,ЧthisЧptesupposesЧthatЧtheseЧeyesЧseeЧsachΘs/hs·.Θ
-1heseЧeyesЧ otЧ theseЧgazes·Чĕou'teЧ goingЧltomЧoneЧtoЧ theЧ othetğЧ lotЧ
ċwoЧ gazes,ЧmoteЧthanЧtwoЧ eyesЧ ateЧoltenЧneeded.ЧAndЧthenЧtheteЧateЧeyesЧ
thaċЧ noЧ longetЧsee,Ч andЧ eyesЧ thatЧ haveЧ nevetЧseenğЧAten'tЧyouЧ alsoЧ lotget-
tingЧ thoseЧ livingЧ withoutЧ anyЧ eyes·ЧAllЧ theЧ same,Ч theyЧdon'tЧ alwaysЧ liveЧ
withoutЧanyЧlightğЧ
-WheteЧweЧate-thisЧnight-seemsЧevenЧdatket,Чthen.ЧDon'tЧweЧhaveЧ
toЧmakeЧaЧchoiceЧbetweenЧlookingЧotЧexchangingЧglancesЧotЧmeetingЧgazes,Ч
andЧ seeing,ЧvetyЧsimplyЧseeing·ЧAndЧ htstЧ betweenЧseeingЧtheЧseeingЧandЧ
seeiϧΚЧtheЧvisible·ЧlotЧilЧoutЧeyesЧseeЧwhatЧisЧsssingΘtathetЧthanЧ ·isi//s,Θ ilЧ
theyЧbelieveЧthaċЧtheyЧateЧseeingЧaЧgazeЧtathetЧthanЧeyes,ЧaċЧleastЧtoЧthatЧex-
tent,Ч toЧthatЧextentЧasЧsuch,Ч theyЧateЧseeingЧnothing,Ч then,Ч noċhingЧthatЧ
canЧbeЧseen,ЧnothingЧ·isi//s.ΘAwayЧltomЧallЧvisibility,Ч theyЧloundetЧinЧtheЧ
nightğЧ1heyЧblindЧthemselvesЧsoЧasЧtoЧseeЧaЧgaze,ЧtheyЧavoidЧseeingЧtheЧvis-
ibiliċyЧ olЧtheЧ othetɑsЧ eyesЧsoЧ asЧ toЧ addtessЧ themselvesЧ onlyЧtoЧ hisЧ otЧhetЧ
gaze,ЧtoЧhisЧotЧhetЧsightЧthatЧisЧmetelyЧseeing,ЧtoЧhisЧotЧhetЧvisionğ Ч
AtЧ thisЧ instant,Ч hete,Ч isЧ itЧdaytime·Ч AndЧ doesЧthisЧ instantЧ belongЧ toЧ
¨vhsnΘsa·Θs¸ssΘ/sach .Θ ʓΘ «

time·Ч1oЧ theЧtimeЧ olЧtheЧeatth·Ч1oЧ timeЧ talliedЧbyЧthisЧtutningЧatoundЧtheЧ
eatthЧ knownЧ asЧ theЧ hě niteЧcoutseЧolЧaЧsun·ЧlsЧitЧaЧday·Ч lsЧitЧnight·ЧWouldЧ
oneЧhaveЧtoЧma/sΘitЧnight,Ч makeЧtheЧnightЧa¸¸sa·ΘinЧotdetЧtoЧseeЧonesellЧ
lookingЧatЧtheЧothetЧotЧseeЧonesellЧbeheldЧbyЧtheЧothet·ЧlnЧotdetЧtoЧseeЧtheЧ
othetЧseeingЧus,ЧthatЧis,ЧptovidedЧwe'dЧnoЧlongetЧseeЧtheЧothetƊsЧeyesƊЧ visi-
bility,Ч then,Ч butЧonlyЧ theitЧclaitvoyance·Ч lsЧ thatЧwhatЧ nightЧ is,Ч outЧ¸·s/Θ
nigh/-ŌnΘ theЧ h tstЧsense,Ч theЧ sЅtongЧsenseЧ olЧtheЧ wotdЧ¨night¨·Ч1heЧ hǙtstЧ
lotЧwhichЧweƊdЧneedЧaЧtasteЧtoЧheatЧit,ЧbeloteЧseeingЧotЧtouching·Ч
-Let'sЧtepeatЧthisЧquestion,Чhowevet,ЧletƊsЧdisplaceЧitЧwhileЧtakingЧnoteЧ
olЧitsЧsttayingЧdepottment.ЧĉȚŭtЧthisЧinstant,Чthen,ЧisЧitЧdaytime·ЧlsЧitЧnight·¨Ч
llЧoneЧanswetedЧ ¨night, ¨ЧwouldnƊtЧitЧ thenЧ seemЧ thatЧ theЧeyesЧblindlyЧ
/sach,ΘinЧtheЧconstancyЧolЧthisЧcontactЧandЧtheЧconsentЧolЧtheЧintettuptionЧ
holdingЧthemЧtogethet·Ч
ßutЧ ¨she¨-theЧoneЧlЧ nicknamedЧ theЧquestion-obj ectedЧ toЧ me,Ч otЧlЧ
mysellЧobjectedЧtoЧmysell.Ч¨ĽnlessЧthisЧisЧpteciselyЧhowЧtheyЧbeginЧtoЧheatЧ
andЧundetstandЧeachЧothet. ¨Ч
-ßutЧptecisely,Ч whenЧ myЧgazeЧ meetsЧyouts,Ч lЧ seeЧ /s/hΘyoutЧgazeЧ andΘ
youtЧeyes,ЧloveЧinЧlascination-andЧyoutЧeyesЧateЧnotЧonlyЧseeingЧbutЧalsoЧ
visible.ЧAndЧsinceЧtheyЧateЧ·isi//sΘ,thingsЧotЧobjectsЧinЧtheЧwotld)ЧasЧmuchЧ
asЧsssingΘ,atЧtheЧotiginЧolЧtheЧwotld) ,Ч lЧ couldЧpteciselyЧtouchЧthem,ЧwithЧ
myЧhɀnget,ЧlipsЧotЧevenЧeyes,ЧlashesЧandЧlids,ЧbyЧapptoachingЧyou-ilЧlЧdatedЧ
comeЧneatЧtoЧyouЧinЧ thisЧway,Ч ilЧϞoneЧdayЧdated.Ч
-lnsistingЧtitelessly,ЧsomeoneЧisЧstillЧtepeating.ЧatЧtheЧmomentЧolЧtouch-
ingЧyoutЧeyesЧwithЧmine,ЧlikeЧlips,ЧisЧitЧdaytimeЧotЧateЧweЧalteadyЧinhabitingЧ
outЧnight·ЧStillЧandЧalwaysЧoutЧhtstЧnightЧalways·ЧlsЧtheteЧstillЧtoom, Чplace,Ч
space,ЧotЧanЧintetval,ЧchõİČ,ΘlotЧtheЧday'sЧphenomenalityЧandЧitsЧdiaphanousЧ
visibility·Ч
lot,Ч likeЧ anЧ imageЧ inЧ aЧ pupil,Ч evetythingЧ canЧ alsoЧ tutnЧ itsellЧatound,Ч
wheteЧitЧisЧnotЧyetЧdaylight,ЧatЧtheЧpointЧwheteЧtheЧotiginЧolЧitsЧpossibilityЧ
isЧdawningģЧAsЧlongЧasЧyouЧhavenƊtЧtouchedЧmeЧwithЧyoutЧeyes,ЧasЧlongЧasЧ
youЧhaven'tЧtouchedЧmyЧeyes,ЧlikeЧlips,ЧyouЧwon'tЧbeЧableЧtoЧsayЧ¨oneЧday. ¨Ч
NotЧ¨adieu. ¨ЧHello,Чgoodbye,ЧsoЧlong,ЧtakeЧcateЧolЧyoutsell,ЧlЧptayЧthatЧoneЧ
dayЧyou'llЧout|iveЧme.ЧßutЧthisЧptayetЧalteadyЧshamesЧme,ЧasЧilЧlЧweteЧalsoЧ
admittingЧthatЧlƊ mЧaltaid-altaidЧolЧbeingЧaЧsutvivotЧandЧbeatingЧdeath.Ч
ßecause,Ч toЧadmitЧtoЧoneЧ lastЧtesignation,Ч lЧ expectЧtheЧonlyЧchanceЧolЧaЧ
|Ч ¨vhsnΘ sa·Θs¸ssΘ/sach .Θ .Θ «
teconciliationЧwithЧdeath,ЧlЧ meanЧ toЧsayЧmyЧown,Ч ltomЧtheЧgoodЧ lottuneЧ
thusЧptomisedЧolЧnoЧlongetЧseeingЧthoseЧwhomЧlЧhaveЧloved-likeЧmysell,Ч
moteЧ thanЧmysell-die̎Ч
lЧ batelyЧdatedЧsignЧsuchЧaЧquestion,Ч notЧ toЧmentionЧitsЧglossЧ ,itЧcomesЧ
downЧtoЧtact,Чtactility,Ч theЧcatess,ЧtheЧsublime,ЧwhenЧwhatЧisЧmostЧdiscteetЧ
botdetsЧonЧ theЧ mostЧindecent,Ч unlessЧ itЧtouchesЧit) ,Ч andЧlotЧaЧmomentЧlЧ
thoughtЧolЧinventingЧaЧhistotyЧot,Ч inЧ lact,ЧsinceЧweЧhaveЧ saidЧ goodbyeЧtoЧ
histoty,Ч olЧptetendingЧtoЧin·sn/ΘaЧttueЧstoty.Ч
1hisЧ one.Ч unlikelyЧ thoughЧ itЧ mayЧseem,Ч lЧ thoughtЧ lЧ deciphetedЧ thisЧ
anonymousЧinsctiptionЧonЧaЧwallЧinЧlatis,ЧasЧilЧitЧhadЧœoutneyedЧtheteЧltomЧ
theЧshotesЧolЧanothetЧlanguage.Ч ¨ɵuandЧnosЧyeuxЧseЧtouchent,Чlait-ilЧj outЧ
ouЧ lait-ilЧnuit:¨Ч ,¨WhenЧ outЧ eyesЧ touch,Ч isЧ itЧ dayЧotЧisЧ itЧ night: ¨) .Ч ltЧ in-
spitedЧmeЧwithЧtheЧdesite,ЧputeЧandЧsimple,ЧtoЧttotЧitЧout,Ч toЧmakeЧitЧanЧ
epigtaphЧ toЧ whatЧ lЧ hadЧ longЧwantedЧ toЧwtiteЧ lotЧŰean-LucЧ Nancy,Ч theЧ
gteatestЧthinketЧaboutЧtouchingЧolЧallЧtime,Ч lЧtellЧmysell.Ч
-OlЧallЧtime,Чteally:Ч
-Let'sЧputЧitЧdilletently,ЧtoЧavoidЧsoundingЧpatheticЧandЧexcessive,ЧevenЧ
whenЧspeakingЧtheЧttuth-pteciselyЧlotЧwantЧolЧtact.Ч notЧolЧallЧ time,Ч pet-
haps, Ч butЧ evetЧ sinceЧ AtistotleЧ suddenlyЧ hitЧ onЧ theЧ maniloldЧ apotiaЧ olЧ
touchЧ,a¸s·ia,ΘheЧsaidЧthen,ЧandЧa¸s·ëssis) ,ΘevetЧsinceЧhe,ЧAtistotle,ЧlotesawЧ
allЧ theЧobscutitiesЧ olЧtheЧtangible.Ч touchЧ isn'tЧ cleat,Ч sa/Θss/inΘsndë/sn,Θ heЧ
saysЧlutthetŵote,Чit'sЧadë/sn,Θ inappatent,Ч obscute,Ч sectet,Чnoctutnal.Ч
Let'sЧnotЧputЧthisЧollЧbutЧsayЧit.ЧitЧisЧoltenЧtheЧcaseЧinЧAtistotleЧthatЧtheЧdi-
apoteticЧexposition,ЧotЧwithinЧtheЧexpositionЧtheЧmomentЧthatЧisЧptopetlyЧ
diapotetic,ЧisЧnotЧnecessatilyЧaЧmomentЧthatЧcanЧbeЧpassedЧotЧsutpassed.ЧßyЧ
dehnition,ЧoneЧisЧnevetЧthtoughЧwithЧapotiasЧwotthyЧolЧtheitЧname.Ч1heyЧ
wouldn'tЧ beЧwhatЧ theyЧ ate-apotias-ilЧoneЧ sawЧ otЧtouchedЧ theitЧ end,Ч
evenЧilЧtheteЧweteЧanyЧhopeЧolЧbeingЧdoneЧwithЧthem.Ч ltЧisЧthusЧnecessatyЧ
toЧtteatЧthemЧdilletently,Ч andЧdecideЧothetwise,ЧwheteЧtheyЧcouldn'tЧcateЧ
lessЧaboutЧoutЧdecision,ЧandЧtoЧletЧgo,Ч leavingЧoutselvesЧinЧtheitЧhandsЧinЧ
sachΘaЧlashion,ЧtathetЧthanЧanyЧothet,ЧwithoutЧanyЧhopeЧolЧsteppingЧactossЧ
them,ЧotЧcomingЧoutЧonЧtop,ЧonЧtheЧbottom,ЧotЧbyЧsidestepping-andЧevenЧ
lessЧbyЧsteppingЧback,ЧotЧtunningЧtoЧsaletyЧbeloteЧthem.Ч
lnЧAtistotle'sЧPs·iΘ¸sachësΘ,OnΘ/hsΘSsa/) , ΘwhatЧtouchesЧonЧtouchЧalwaysЧ
comesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧani/Θs·Θani/¸Θs¸ΘsnsΘssnssΘandЧitsЧappeatingЧasΘsach.Θ ĕes,Ч
itЧcomesЧto,ЧhƂtst,ЧtheЧunitЧolЧsenseЧolЧtheЧsenseЧtetmedЧ/sach,Θsecond,ЧtheЧ
¨vhsnΘsa·Θs¸ssΘ/sach .Θ Θ ø ƷЧ
unityЧolЧsenseЧolЧtheЧ/angi//s,Θthitd,ЧtheЧunityЧolЧsense,Ч/s/assnΘ/hsΘ/as,ΘolЧ
whatЧteletsЧtouchЧtoЧtheЧtangible,Чloutth,Ч theЧ cteditЧ thatЧweЧʼnhilosoʼnhetsЧ
mayЧheteЧbtingЧtoЧcommonЧopinion,ЧtoЧdsxa,ΘwithЧtegatdЧtoЧthisЧsensibleЧ
uniċyЧolЧaЧsense.Ч
Let'sЧstattЧovetЧasЧcleatlyЧasЧpossible,Чthen,ЧandЧquoteЧtheЧtextsЧthatЧleadЧ
ontoЧtheЧʼnathlessЧʼnathЧolЧtheseЧloutЧobscuteЧaʼnotias.Ч
ů . Ч¨ltЧ isЧaЧptoblemЧ ¸a¸s·ia¦ , ¨ΘAtistotleЧsays,Ч ¨whethetЧtouchЧisЧaЧsingleЧ
senseЧotЧaЧgtoupЧolЧsenses.ЧltЧisЧalsoЧaЧʼntoblem,ЧwhatЧisЧtheЧotganЧolЧtouch,Ч
isЧitЧotЧisЧitЧnotЧtheЧHeshЧ ,includingЧwhatЧi nЧcettainЧanimalsЧisЧanalogousЧ
¸substitutedЧlotЧ¨homologous¨-Ttans. IJ ЧwithЧûesh) :ЧOnЧtheЧsecondЧview,Ч
HeshЧ isЧ theЧ medium'Ч ¸/sΘ ms/axa¦Θ olЧtouch,Ч theЧ tealЧotganЧbeingЧsituatedЧ
latthetЧinwatd¨Ч ,Ps·iΘ¸sachësΘz. ů ů. |zzb) .Ч
z.Ч ¨NevetthelessЧweЧateЧunableЧcleatlyЧtoЧdetectЧ ¸sa/Θss/inΘsndë/sn¦ΘinЧtheЧ
caseЧ olЧtouchЧ ¸/ëΘha¸hë¦Θ whatЧtheЧsingleЧsubjectЧ ¸ha¸s/simsnsn¦Θ isЧwhichЧ
undetliesЧtheЧconttastedЧqualitiesЧandЧcottesʼnondsЧtoЧ soundЧ inЧtheЧcaseЧolЧ
heating¨Ч ,ibid. ) .Ч
;.Ч ¨ ¸ȮinceIJЧ thatЧ thtoughЧ whichЧ theЧ dilletentЧ movementsЧ ¸causingЧ theЧ
sensationsЧlotЧtheЧsensesЧothetЧthanЧ touch-|.Ч D. IJ ЧateЧttansmittedЧisЧnotЧ
natutallyЧattachedЧtoЧoutЧbodies,ЧtheЧdihetenceЧolЧtheЧvatiousЧsenseōotgansЧ
isЧtooЧʼnlainЧtoЧmiss.Ч ßutЧinЧtheЧcaseЧolЧtouchЧ ¸s¸iΘdsΘ/ësΘ ha¸hës¦Θ theЧobscuĜ
tiċyЧ¸adë/sn¦ΘtemainsЧ. . . . Ч noЧlivingЧbodyЧcouldЧbeЧconsttuctedЧolЧaitЧotЧwaĜ
tet,Ч itЧ mustЧbeЧsomethingЧsolidЧ . . . . Ч ThatЧ theyЧateЧmaniloldЧisЧcleatЧwhenЧ
weЧconsidetЧtouchingЧwithЧtheЧtongueЧ ¸s¸iΘ/ësΘg/õ΄ësΘha¸hë¦ƳΘ,ibid. , Ч|z;a) .Ч
|.Ч ¨TheЧlollowingЧʼntoblemЧmightЧ beЧ taisedЧ ¸a¸s·ëssisΘd'ΘanΘ/isΘ. ø ø IJЧ. . . . Ч
doesЧtheЧʼnetceptionЧolЧallЧobjectsЧolЧsenseЧtakeЧʼnlaceЧi nЧtheЧsameЧway,Ч otЧ
doesЧitЧnot,Чe.g.,ЧtasteЧandЧtouchЧtequitingЧcontactЧ,asЧtheyЧateЧcommonlyЧ
thoughtЧtoЧdoЧ¸/a/ha¸s·ΘnanΘds/si¦ ) , ΘwhileЧallЧothetЧsensesЧʼnetceiveЧovetЧaЧ
distance·Ч. . . Ч weЧlancyЧ¸ds/samsn¦ΘweЧcanЧtouchЧobjects,ЧnothingЧcomingЧ
inЧbetweenЧusЧandЧthem¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч|z;aĞb) .Ч
AtistotleЧisЧgoingЧtoЧexettЧhimsellЧinЧquestioningЧthisЧdsxaΘand,ЧtoЧaЧcetĜ
tainЧ extent,Ч inЧcallingЧitЧintoЧquestion. ЧßutЧonlyЧtoЧaЧcettainЧextent,ЧtheteЧ
wheteЧwhatЧlollowsЧ couldЧtakeЧonЧ theЧlotmЧolЧaЧ¨cleat¨Чthesis. ЧNow,ЧthisЧ
isЧ notЧalwaysЧtheЧ case,Ч atЧ timesЧ theЧclatityЧolЧaЧptoʼnositionЧ concealsЧ anĜ
othetЧenigma.Ч lotЧ example,Ч thoughЧ itЧisЧobviousЧotЧ¨cleat¨Ч ¸dë/sn¦Θ that,Ч
6Ч ¨vhsnΘsa·Θs¸ssΘ/sach .Θ .Θ ĔЧ
htst,ЧtheЧ¨otgan¨ЧolЧtouchЧisЧ¨inwatd¨Ч otЧintetnal,Чsecond,ЧheshЧisЧbutЧ theЧ
¨medium¨ЧoƕЧ touch,Чthitd,Ч¨touchЧhasЧlotЧitsЧobjectЧbothЧwhatЧisЧtangibleЧ
andЧwhatЧisЧintangib|eЧ¸/saΘha¸/saΘ/aiΘana¸/sa}ɋΘ ,ibid. , Ч|z|a) ,Ч oneЧkeepsЧ
askingЧonesellЧwhatЧ¨intetnal¨ЧsignihƁes,ЧasЧwellЧasЧ¨medium¨ЧotЧ¨intetme-
diaty, ¨ЧandЧaboveЧa|lЧwhatЧanЧ¨intangible¨ЧaccessibleЧtoЧtouchЧis-aЧstillЧ
touchableЧunētouchable.Ч
HowЧtoЧtouchЧuponЧtheЧuntouchable:ЧDisttibutedЧamongЧanЧindehniteЧ
numbetЧ olЧƕotmsЧ andЧ hgutes,Ч thisЧ questionЧ isЧ pteciselyЧ tbeЧ obsessionЧ
hauntingЧaЧthinkĖngЧolЧtouch-otЧthinkingЧasЧtheЧhaan/ingΘolЧtoucb.ЧWeЧ
canЧonlyЧtouchЧonЧaЧsutlace,ЧwbicbЧisЧtoЧsayЧtheЧskĖnЧotЧthinЧpeelЧolЧaЧlimitЧ
,andЧ theЧ exptessionsЧ ¨toЧ touchЧ atЧ theЧ limit,¨Ч ¨toЧ touchЧ theЧ limit¨Ч itte-
sistiblyЧ comeЧbackЧasЧ leitmotivsЧ inЧmanyЧolЧęancy'sЧ textsЧ thatЧweЧ shallЧ
haveЧtoЧintetptet) .ЧßutЧbyЧdehnition, Чlimit,Ч/imi/Θi/ssĐΘseemsЧdeptivedЧolЧaЧ
body.Ч LimitЧisЧ notЧtoЧbeЧtouchedЧandЧ doesЧnotЧtouchЧ itselƕ ,Ч itЧdoesЧ notЧletЧ
itsellЧbeЧtouched,ЧandЧstealsЧawayЧatЧaЧtouch,ЧwhichЧeithetЧnevetЧattainsЧitЧ
otЧttespassesЧonЧitЧlotevetĔЧ
Let'sЧ tecallЧaЧƕewЧdehnitions,ЧatЧleast,ЧwithoutЧteconstitutingЧtheЧwholeЧ
appatatusЧolЧdistinctionsЧholdingЧswayЧinЧAtistotle'sЧPs·iΘ¸sachës.Θ
Let
Ƴ
sЧhtstЧtecallЧthatЧsense,ЧtheЧ¸ca/;¸Θ olЧsensation-theЧtactileЧlaculty,Ч
lotЧ example-isЧonlyЧ¸s/sn/ia/ΘandЧ notЧac/aa/Θ,ibid. , Ч|i
/
a) ,Ч withЧtheЧ in-
eluctableЧ consequenceЧthatЧolЧitse|l,Ч itЧdoesЧ notЧsenseЧ i/ss͍Θ itЧdoesЧnotЧ
auto-allectЧitsellЧwithoutЧtheЧmotionЧolЧanЧ extetiotЧobj ect.Ч1hisЧisЧaЧlat-
teachingЧthesis,ЧandЧweЧshallЧkeepЧtakingЧitsЧ measuteЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧtouch-
ingЧandЧ¨sellōtouching. ¨Ч
Let'sЧ a|soЧ tecallЧ thatЧlee|ingЧotЧsensingЧinΘgsns·aȔΘevenЧbeloteЧ itsЧ tactileЧ
specihcation,ЧalteadyЧlendsЧitse|lЧtoЧ beingЧtakenЧinЧtwoЧsenses,Ч potential|yЧ
andЧactual|y,Ч andЧalwaysЧtoЧdihetentЧdegteesЧ,ibid. , Ч|i
/
a) .Ч
Let
Ƴ
sЧmostlyЧtecallЧthatЧtouchЧwasЧalteadyЧanЧexceptionЧinЧtheЧdehnitionЧ
oƕЧsensib|eЧobjectsЧ_ss¸ecssΘdaΘssnsi//s}Θ ,eachЧbeingЧ¨inЧitsell¨ЧotЧ¨acciden-
ta|ly¨ɩЧ¨ptopet¨ЧotЧ¨common¨)Ĕ ЧWheteasЧeachЧsenseЧhasЧitsЧptopetЧsensibleЧ
objectЧ_idisn}Θ ,colotЧlotЧvision,ЧsoundЧlotЧtheЧsenseЧolЧheating,ЧhavotЧlotЧ
theЧsenseЧolЧtaste),Ч¨1ouch,Чindeed,ЧdisctiminatesЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧsetЧoƕЧdiƕ-
letentЧqualities¨̣ЧitsЧobjectЧcomptisesЧsevetalЧdihetentЧqualitiesЧ,ibid. , Ч|i?a) . Ч
Let'sЧb e ЧcontentЧwithЧthisЧinitia|ЧsetЧoƕЧ signpostsЧbyЧwayЧo l ЧanЧepigtaph.Ч
DownЧtoЧthisЧday,ЧtheseЧapoteticЧe|ementsЧhaveЧnotЧstoppedЧspellingЧttou-
ble,ЧilЧoneЧcanЧputЧitЧlikeЧthat,ЧinЧtbeЧhistotyЧolЧthisЧendlessЧapotia,ЧthisЧwillЧ
beЧbotneЧoutЧatЧevetyЧstepЧweЧtake.Ч
lot,ЧwithЧthisЧbistotyЧolЧtouch,ЧweЧgtopeЧalongЧnoЧlongetЧknowingЧhowЧ
¨vhsnΘsa·Θs¸ssΘ/sachėΘ ťΘ « ƥЧ
toЧsetЧoutЧotЧwbatЧtoЧsetЧlottb,ЧandЧaboveЧallЧnoЧlongetЧableЧtoЧseeЧthtoughЧ
anyЧolЧitЧcleatly.Ч AnЧ epigtapbЧ outЧ olЧbteathЧltomЧtbeЧwotdЧ go,Ч then,Ч toЧ
wbatЧlЧ tenouncedЧttyingЧtoЧwtite,Ч lotЧaЧ tbousandЧteasonsЧ tbatЧwillЧsoonЧ
becomeЧappatent.Ч lot,Ч toЧadmitЧtbeЧinadmissible,Ч lЧsballЧhaveЧtoЧcontentЧ
mysellЧwithЧs/s·¸/s//ing,Θ admittingЧtoЧlailuteЧandЧtenunciation. Ч
Hypotbesis.Чit'sЧgoingЧtoЧbeЧaЧlengtbyЧtaleЧwitbЧmytbologicaĦЧovettonesЧ
-¨OneЧday,Ч onceЧuponЧaЧtimeЧ. . . Ч ¨Ч ltuning,Чomitting,Чtetelling,Ч lengtb-
ening,Ч witbЧlittleЧstoties,ЧwitbЧaЧsuccessionЧolЧtoucbesЧ toucbedЧ upЧagain,Ч
ollЧonЧoneЧtangentЧandЧthenЧanotbet,Ч tbat'sЧbowЧl 'mЧgoingЧtoЧsketcbЧtheЧ
tecollectionsЧolЧaЧsbottЧtteatiseЧdedicatedЧtoЧ|ean-LucЧ ęancyЧthatЧlЧbaveЧ
longЧbeenЧdteamingЧolЧwtitingЧ¸s·iΘPs·iΘ¸sachës,ΘwbichЧisЧtoЧsay,Чa·sandΘ snΘ
/hsΘ¸s·i¸hs·¸,Θ andЧ snΘ/hsΘsa/¸sc/Θs¸ΘPs·iΘ¸sachës-DsΘanima-aΘ mutky,Ч
batoqueЧessay,Ч ovetloadedЧwitbЧtelltaleЧstotiesЧ,wantingЧtoЧspellЧttouble) ,Ч
anЧunimaginableЧsceneЧ tbatЧ toЧaЧltiendЧwouldЧ tesembleЧwbatЧ basЧ alwaysЧ
beenЧmyЧtelationЧtoЧinctedibleЧwotdsЧlikeЧ¨soul, ¨Ч¨mind, ¨Ч¨spitit, ¨Ч¨body, ¨Ч
¨sense,¨Ч¨wotld, ¨ЧandЧothetЧsimilatЧtbings.Ч
HowЧcanЧ oneЧbaveЧspentЧone'sЧlileЧwitbЧwotdsЧasЧdeh ning,Ч indispens-
able,ЧbeavyЧandЧligbt,ЧyetЧinexact,ЧasЧtbose:ЧWithЧwotdsЧolЧwbicbЧoneЧhasЧ
toЧadmitЧthatЧoneЧbasЧnevetЧundetstoodЧanytbing:ЧAndЧtoЧadmitЧthisЧwbileЧ
discbatgingЧ onesellЧoąЧanyЧttueЧguiltЧinЧtbeЧmattet:Ч lsЧitЧmyЧąaultЧilЧtheseЧ
wotdsЧbaveЧnevetЧmadeЧanyЧsense,Ч lЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧanyЧsxac/Θsense-assutedЧ
otЧ teassutingЧ lotЧ me-andЧbaveЧ nevetЧbadЧ anyЧ teliableЧvalue,Ч noЧ moteЧ
tbanЧtbeЧdtawingsЧdeepЧinЧaЧptebistoticЧcaveЧolЧwhicbЧitЧwouldЧbeЧinsaneЧ
toЧclaimЧoneЧknowsЧwbatЧtbeyЧmeanЧwitboutЧknowingЧwboЧsignedЧtbem,Ч
atЧsomeЧpoint,ЧtoЧwbomЧtbeyЧweteЧdedicated,ЧandЧsoЧlottb:Ч
1heЧdilletenceЧisЧthatЧlЧhaveЧnevetЧbeenЧableЧotЧdatedЧtoЧtoucbЧonЧtbeseЧ
dtawings,ЧevenЧbeЧitЧj ustЧtoЧspeakЧolЧtbemЧaЧlittleĮЧwheteasЧlotЧtbeЧbigЧbadЧ
wotdsЧlЧ haveЧj ustЧnamedЧ ,spitit,Чmind,Чsoul ,Ч body,Ч sense,Ч senseЧ asЧ mean-
ing,Ч tbeЧsenses,Ч theЧsensesЧolЧtbeЧwotdЧ¨sense, ¨ЧtbeЧwotld,Ч etc. ) , Ċ ЧlЧ dteamЧ
tbatЧ oneЧ dayЧsomeЧstatisticsЧwillЧ tevealЧ toЧ meЧ bowЧoltenЧ lЧ madeЧ useЧ olЧ
tbemЧpubliclyЧandЧ lailedЧ toЧconlessЧtbatЧ lЧ wasЧ notЧ onlyЧ unsuteЧolЧtheitЧ
sxac/ΘmeaningЧ,andЧ¨being¨'ЧlЧwasЧlotgettingЧtbeЧnameЧolЧbeingĨЧĕetЧalongЧ
witbЧtoucb,ЧitЧisЧevetЍwheteЧaЧquestionЧolЧ¨being, ¨ЧolЧcoutse,ЧolЧbeings,ЧolЧ
tbeЧptesent,Ч olЧitsЧptesenceЧandЧitsЧ¸·sssn/a/isn,Θ itsЧssȖ¸·sssn/a/isn) ,Θ butЧ
wasЧ laitlyЧsuteЧ thatЧ thisЧ wasЧ theЧcaseЧwitbЧ evetybody-andЧ incteasinglyЧ
withЧthoseЧwboЧteadЧmeЧotЧlistenЧtoЧme. Ч
ęow,ЧweЧnevetЧgiveЧinЧtoЧj ustЧ¨anythingЧwbatevet¨.Ч tigotЧisЧdeЧtigueut,Ч
and,ЧtoЧspeakЧlikeЧęancy,Ч soЧisЧexactitude.Ч ¨Āxactitude¨Ч,we'llЧcomeЧtoЧit)Ч
?Ч ¨vhsnΘ sa·Θs¸ssΘ/sach .ΘėΘėΘ
isЧhisΘwotdЧandЧhisΘthing.ЧHeЧhasЧteinvented,Ч teawoken,ЧandЧ tesuscitatedЧ
them.Ч1hatЧinЧaЧwayЧisЧpethapsЧmyЧthesis.ЧltЧisЧthusЧnecessatyЧtoЧexplainŀ
andЧthatЧmayЧbeЧthisЧbook'sЧ soleЧambition-howЧęancyЧundetstandsЧtheЧ
wotdЧ¨exact¨ЧandЧwhatЧheЧintendsЧ byЧit.Ч lЧ believeЧthisЧtoЧbeЧtathetЧnewŀ
likeЧaЧtesuttection. Ч¨Āxact¨ЧisЧtheЧptobityЧolЧhisЧsignatute.Ч
P / Rĕ ¹ l
I|ts Is-o] t|e Ot|er
§ I Ìsychc
¾rcund hcr uith such c\cct cnd cruc/ /ncu/cdgc¨
MyЧ nattativeЧ withЧitsЧ mytho|ogica|Чovettones-OneЧday,ЧonceЧ uponЧaЧ
timeЧ . . . Ч -mightЧthusЧtevolveЧa·sandΘanЧevent,Ч asЧitЧshou|d,ЧbutЧanЧeventЧ
bothЧvittua|Ч andЧ cuttent,Ч moteЧ otЧ |essЧ thanЧ tea|.Ч AtoundЧsomethingЧbutЧ
a|soЧsomebody,Ч aЧpetsonЧotЧmask,ЧaЧto|e,Ч¸s·ssna,ΘaЧwomanЧnoЧdoubt,ЧandЧ
bothЧtheЧthingЧandЧsheЧwou|dЧanswetЧtoЧtheЧnameЧlsyche.Ч
lsyche.Ч stakeЧbetweenЧAtistot|eЧandЧęancy,Ч inЧandЧonЧtheЧmatgin,Ч inЧaЧ
citcumspectЧ andЧ citcumąetentia|ЧapptoachЧ toЧ theЧsou|Ч suchЧ asЧāean-LucЧ
ęancy'sЧ ¨DeЧ|'νme¨Ч ¸OnЧtheЧSoulIJ ,Ч cottespondingЧandЧtespondingЧto,Чte-
p|yingЧtoЧwithoutЧnamingЧit,ЧAtistot|e'sЧDsΘanimaΘ,otЧPs·iΘ¸sachës) .Θ
1hisЧisЧa|soЧaЧgiġЧlotЧęancy,Ч who,Ч asЧweЧknow,ЧhasЧwtittenЧaЧ¨lsyche¨Ķ
aЧąema|eЧlsycheЧ _ansΘlsycheIJ ,Ч becauseЧlsycheЧhgutesЧtheteЧ undetЧ aЧlemi-
nineЧptopetЧname,ЧonЧaЧsing|eЧpage,ЧhtstЧinЧP·smie·sΘ/i··aissn,Θ thenЧinЧLsΘ
¸sidsΘdēansΘ¸snsésΘ¸1heЧWeightЧolЧaЧ1houghtIJ ,ĊЧandЧhna||yЧinЧCs·¸as.¹Θ
1heЧptimeЧteąetenceЧolЧęancy'sЧ ¨lsyche, ¨ЧitsЧ pointЧ olЧdepattute,Ч isЧa|-
waysЧ aЧ sottЧ oąЧlteudianЧ aphotism. Ч AЧ pointЧ oąЧdepattute,Ч butЧ it'sЧ asЧ iąЧ
ęancy,Ч theЧbettetЧtoЧlaunchЧhimse|lЧąotwatd,ЧstoppedЧshottЧoneЧday,Чpata-
|yzedЧ byЧ emotion, Ч conątontedЧ withЧ lteud'sЧ sentenceЧ ¨lsycheЧ istЧ aus-
gedehnt,ЧweissЧnichtsЧdavon¨Ч ¸lsycheЧisЧextended,ЧknowsЧnothingЧaboutЧ
itȲ .ЧHeЧstattsЧolą,Ч thenЧbeginsЧagain,ЧmoteЧthanЧonce,Чcompu|sive|y,Чa|waysЧ
beginningЧbyЧlteezing,ЧbyЧgathetĖngЧtogethetЧhisЧbody,Ч |ikeЧaЧtunnetЧatЧtheЧ
stattingЧb|ock.ЧCsȤasΘteinstatesЧlteud'sЧdictumЧmoteЧlaithĐllyЧinЧtheЧcoutseЧ
oąЧoneЧ olЧtheЧnumetousЧteviva|sЧoąЧtheЧsameЧmeditation-titeless,Чaston-
ished,Чadmiting-thatЧthisЧ|ateЧnoteЧbyЧlteudЧ ,lotЧwhichЧheЧnevetЧgivesЧ
theЧ teąetence)Ч spatksЧ inЧ ęancy.ƒЧ HeЧ quotesЧ theЧ lastЧ sentenceЧ inЧ aЧ noteЧ
comptisingЧonlyЧąout,ЧloutЧ|inesЧinЧal|.ЧlteudЧwtoteЧitЧonЧaЧsing|eЧsheet,ЧonЧ
JJ
i zЧ IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
AugustЧzzɗ Ч i,Ĭ?, ЧoneЧyearЧ beloreЧ bisЧ deatbĻЧ ęancyЧtbusЧ tirelesslyЧquotesЧ
theЧlastЧsentenceЧolЧaЧsickЧman'sЧpenultimateЧnote,ЧwhicbЧalmostЧlooksЧlikeЧ
thatЧolЧaЧdyingЧmaňЧLaterЧonЧweЧsballЧteadЧitЧinΘsx/snssʒΘlteud'sЧvetyЧlastЧ
note,ЧtbeЧoneЧtbatЧlollows,ЧcomprisingЧlewerЧthanЧtwoЧlines,ЧwasЧwrittenЧ
onЧtbeЧsameЧday.Ч ltЧtermsЧ¨mystic, ¨ЧorЧperhapsЧitЧdehnesЧinЧthisЧwayЧan¸-
/hingΘ¨mystical , ¨ЧtbeЧobscureЧsell-perceptionЧolЧtheЧ realmЧoutsideЧtbeЧego,Ч
tbeЧid,ЧunlessЧitЧis,ЧasЧtbeЧStandardЧĀditionЧtranslatesЧit,ЧtheЧrealmЧoutsideЧ
theЧlЧ andЧtbeЧid̤Ч ¨MysticăsmЧisЧ tbeЧobscureЧsell-perceptionЧolЧtheЧrealmЧ
outsideЧ theЧ ego,Ч olЧtbeЧ id¨Ч ,MystikЧdieЧ dunkleЧ SelbstwahrnehmungЧdesЧ
ReicbesЧausserbalbЧdeϾЧlcbs,ЧdesЧĀs) .Ч˞Ч
WouldЧtbeseЧapborismsЧinterestЧusЧasЧ mucbЧasЧtheyЧdoЧilЧtheyЧwereЧnotЧ
elliptical,Ч andЧmoreЧtbanЧeverЧtestamentary,Ч asЧapborismsЧalmostЧalwaysЧ
appearЧtoЧ be:Ч AndЧ aboveЧ all , ЧilЧlikeЧ tbeЧPs¸chsΘolЧwhomЧ tbeyЧ speakЧandЧ
wboseЧextensionЧtbeyЧcoucbЧinЧwords,Ч tbeyЧdidЧnotЧalsoЧkeepЧsilence, ЧinЧ
tbeirЧveryЧwords,ЧonЧaЧbed:Ч OnЧtbeЧextensionЧolЧaЧdeathbed:ЧOnЧanЧex-
tensionЧextendedЧ ¸ansΘé/sndasΘé/sndas}Θ onЧitsЧdeathbed:Ч
lnЧ tbeЧtbreeЧcases,Ч inЧęancyĹsЧtbreeЧtexts,Ч itЧallЧ beginsЧwitbЧwhatЧisЧex-
tended,Ч andЧ moreЧ preciselyЧ withЧ lsycbe'sЧ beingЧ extended.Ч lsycheЧ isΘ sx-
/sndsdΘ sttetcbedЧ outЧ ,aasgsdshn/,Θ é/sndas) .Θ lnЧherЧ essence,Ч sbeЧ isЧ ssmsΘ
extensionЧ ¸deЧ/'ǽsndas}Θ ,sx/snͷis) .Θ SheЧisЧmadeЧextended,ЧmadeЧolЧexteϥ-
sion. ЧSheЧisЧtheЧextensionĘextendedȝnounЧandЧattribute.Ч1oЧ expressЧinЧhisЧ
languageЧsometbingЧthatЧwouldЧprobablyЧmakeЧDescartesЧspinЧinЧbisЧgrave,Ч
extensionЧisЧ tbeЧ essence,Ч tbeЧsubstanceЧ orЧ essentialЧattribute,Ч olЧtheЧ soulЧ
tbatЧanswersЧtoЧtheЧproperЧnameЧlsycbe. Ч
LetЧusЧquoteЧinΘsx/snssΘtbeЧhrstЧoccurrence,ЧtbeЧĆ·incsĆs-theЧhrstЧedi-
tion,Ч asЧ itЧwere-inЧP·smie·sΘ/i··aissnėΘ
Ps,che˰
¨lsycheϞistϞausgedehnt,ϞweissϞnichtsϞdavon,ŭϞ teadsϞaϞlateϞ ¸¸osthame}˰ noteϞolϞ
lteud'sǠϞ TheϞ psycheϞisϞ extendedŅϞ knowsϞ nothingϞ aboutϞ it. Ϟ LvetythingϞ thusϞ
endsϞwithϞthisϞbtielϞtune.Ϟ
lsycheϞistϞausgedehnt,ϞweissϞnichtsϞdavon. Ϟ
lsycheϞ ¸Ps,che}˰ isϞextended,Ϟ¸artes˰eƶtra˰¸artesą˰sheϞisϞnothingϞbutϞaϞdispet-
sionϞolϞindehnitelyϞpatceled-outϞlocationsϞinϞplacesϞthatϞdivideϞthemselvesϞandϞ
nevetϞintetpenettate.ϞNoϞhttingϞinsideϞanything,ϞnoϞovetlap,ϞevetythingϞisϞout-
sideϞanothetϞoutsideƎanyoneϞcanϞcalculateϞtheitϞotdetϞandϞtepottϞonϞtheitϞte-
lations.Ϟ OnlyϞlsycheϞknowsϞnothingϞolϞthis,ϞlotϞhet,Ϟ theteϞateϞnoϞtelationsϞbe-
tweenϞtheseϞplaces,ϞtheseϞlocations,ϞtheseϞpiecesϞolϞaϞplane.Ϟ
lsycheϞisϞextendedϞinϞtheϞshadeϞolϞaϞwalnutϞtteeŅϞasϞtheϞdaylightϞlades.Ϟ SheϞ
Ps¸chsΘ i

liesϞatϞ test,Ϟ theϞslightϞ movementsϞolϞsleepϞ haveϞhallϞexposedϞ hetϞbosom.ϞllusƄ
tetedϞandϞmischievousŅϞallϞatϞonce,ϞLtosϞcontemplatesϞhet.ϞlsycheϞknowsϞnoth-
ingϞolϞthisȩϞHetϞsleepϞisϞsoϞdeepϞthatϞitϞhasϞevenϞtobbedϞhetϞolϞanyϞabandonϞinϞ
hetϞpose.Ϟ
lsycheϞisϞextendedϞinϞhetϞcolhn. Ϟ SoonϞ itϞisϞ goingϞtoϞbeϞshut.ϞAmongϞthoseϞ
ptesent,ϞsomeϞateϞhidingϞtheitϞlaces,ϞothetsϞateϞkeepɪngϞtheitϞeyesϞdespetatelyϞ
hxedϞonϞlsyche'sϞbody.ϞSheϞkǿowsϞnothɪngϞolϞthisƎandϞthatϞisϞwhatϞevetyoneϞ
knowsϞatoundϞhet,ϞwithϞsuchϞexactϞandϞctuelϞkǿowledge. ȷϞ
1husЧtheЧhtstЧappatition,ЧinЧP·smie·sΘňi··aissn. Θ˂extended,¨ЧlsycheЧ¨liesЧ
atЧtest, ¨ЧasleepЧotЧdead,ЧasΘȎΘdead,Ч beloteЧĀtos,ЧwhoЧ¨contemplates¨Чhet.Ч
AppatentlyЧai/hsa/Θ/sachingΘhs·.Θ
SoonЧsheЧ isЧdead.Ч ¨extendedЧinЧ hetЧ colhn. ЧSoonЧitЧ isЧgoingЧtoЧ beЧshut. ¨Ч
LetЧusЧbeatЧ inЧ mindЧtheЧ componentЧ/é/Θ,¨eatly,Ч soon¨)Ч inЧthisЧ /isn/é/Θ
,¨soon,Ч soonЧ enough¨) ĔЧ WhatЧ doesЧ /é/Θmean:Ч ßeloteЧ /isn/é/ΘotЧaassi/é/Θ
,¨atЧ once,Ч allЧ tooЧ soon¨) ,Ч whatЧ doesЧ /é/ΘconveyЧtoЧ us:Ч 1hisЧ isЧoneЧolЧtheЧ
sttangestЧwotds-otЧtathetЧ¸¸ňa/é/}ΘaЧlexicalЧbeehive-inЧoutЧ¸ltenchIJЧlan-
guage.Чltecocity,Ч ptomptitude,Чptecipitation,Чhaste,ЧotЧimminence-ȵižǝ-
/é/ΘseemsЧtoЧsigni¦ЧanЧad·ancs,ΘandЧweЧcannotЧbeЧsuteЧthatЧitЧgivesЧusЧtimeЧ
lotЧtheЧlututeĔЧ Ié/ΘisЧsaidЧtoЧbeЧanЧadvetbЧolЧtime.ЧltЧis,ЧbutЧitЧsoЧlittleЧsaysЧ
tbeЧtime,ЧitЧgivesЧsoЧlittleЧtime-almostЧnone-thatЧoneЧwouldЧthinkЧitЧisЧ
gobbledЧ upЧ inЧ advanceЧ byЧ timeŗsЧ othet,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧ say,Ч space.Ч butned,Ч
ovettaken, Чpatched,ЧconsumedЧbyЧwhatЧisЧextended.ЧAndЧincidentally,Ч inЧ
tbeЧcaseЧolЧtheЧlastЧolЧtheЧhveЧsequencesЧbeginningЧwithЧ,twice)Ч ¨lsycheЧistЧ
ausgedehnt¨ЧotЧ,thteeЧtimes)Ч ¨lsycheЧestЧĚtendue¨Ч,ǤlsycheЧisЧextendedЧinЧ
hetЧcolhn. ЧSoonЧ_/isnΘ/é/}Θ itЧisЧgoingЧtoЧbeЧshut¨) ,ЧitЧisЧtooЧsoonЧtoЧteadЧanyЧ
lututeЧintoЧ theЧ/isn/é/ΘthatЧlollowsĔЧ ¨ltЧ isЧgoing¨Ч ,ǤsoonЧi/ΘisΘgsingΘtoЧbeЧ
shut¨)Ч isЧaЧptesentЧtenseЧ htstЧolЧall , ЧgtammaticallyЧspeaking.Ч ¨itЧ isЧgoing¨Ч
¸snΘ·a} ,Θ¨letĹsЧgo¨Ч ¸snΘ¸Θ·a} ,Θ¸·sssn/µĖΘWhatЧisЧgoingЧtoЧhappenЧthen,ЧwhatЧ
won˝tЧbeЧlongЧinЧhappening,ЧwhatЧappeatsЧimminent,ЧthatЧindeedЧwillЧ noЧ
longetЧhapp;nЧ toЧ lsyche,ЧwboЧ isЧalteadyЧdead.Ч lotЧilЧsometbingЧhappensЧ
pteϿentlyЧthatЧwasЧalteadyЧonЧtheЧvetgeЧolЧhappening,ЧitĹsЧtheЧend. Ч¨Soon¨Ч
¸/isnΘ /é/}Θ neithetЧ allowsЧ notЧ leavesЧ timeĔЧ HeteЧ ¨soon¨Ч ¸/é/}Θ wouldЧ meanЧ
death,ЧevenЧtheЧendЧolЧaЧdeadЧwomanĔЧ
LookЧupЧitsЧetymology,ЧinЧlact.ЧtheЧusualЧsoutcesЧmostЧoltenЧteletЧtoЧab-
soluteЧ speed,Ч toЧtheЧinstant,Ч toЧtheЧtimelessЧ timeЧolЧaЧHameЧ ,/ss/asΘmeansЧ
butned,Ч andЧtoasted,Ч ltomЧ/s··ss,Θ consumedЧ byЧhte,Ч otЧincinetated-inЧaЧ
blazingЧimmediacyЧthatЧpullsЧoutЧallЧtheЧstopsĮЧandЧthatЧisЧwhyЧoneЧhasЧa·Ĵ
·i·sdΘa/Θ/ssΘsssn,Θ inЧaЧptesentЧnotЧyetЧptesentЧbutЧnoЧlongetЧaЧlutute) ĮЧ otЧ
i |Ч IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
lessЧolten,ЧasЧltiedtichЧDiez'sЧetymologyЧsuggests,ЧdiscteditingЧtheЧ lotmetЧ
etymologyЧbutЧh ndingЧitsellЧdiscteditedЧinЧitsЧtutnЧbyЧLittϦЦЧ _Dic/isnnai·sΘ
dsΘLĕ/angasΘ ¸ͿanͮaissΘ,i?;,Ğ
/z) ¦ , ЧtheЧteletenceЧwillЧbeЧtoЧ/s/asΘandЧci/s,ΘthatЧ
is,ЧwithЧallЧspeed.ЧWithЧquasi-inh niteЧspeed,ЧwithoutЧleavingЧanyЧtimeЧlotЧ
motion. Ч
lnЧanyЧcase,Ч thatЧi sЧwhatЧ/é/ΘmeansЧtoЧsay,ЧwhatevetЧitsЧetymologyЧmayЧ
be-absoluteЧspeedЧ goingЧlastetЧthanЧtime,ЧptecipitationЧthatЧbtingsЧ usЧtoЧ
theЧpointЧolЧattivalЧbeloteЧaЧh nishedЧsentenceЧcanЧhnishЧanticipating,Чbe-
loteЧanythingЧhasЧhadЧtimeЧtoЧhappen.Ч NoЧ soonetЧsaid,ЧtimeЧisЧnoЧlongetЧ
given.ЧNotЧlelt.ЧtooЧlate.ЧAllЧatЧonceЧitЧisЧtooЧlate.ЧDoesn'tЧlsycheЧalsoЧspeakЧ
toЧusЧposthumouslyЧolЧaЧcetЄainЧbelatedness:Ч
lsyche'sЧ co-appeatanceЧ inЧ theseЧ thteeЧwotksЧwouldЧ callЧ lotЧ anЧ intet-
minableЧanalysis.ЧltЧisЧtheЧsame-thteelold-lsyche,Ч aЧwoman,Ч andЧeachЧ
timeЧ theteЧ isЧ aЧ temindet˱Ч asЧ lteudЧ putsЧ it,Ч thatЧ sheЧ isЧ extendedЧ ,aas-
gsdshn/) .Θ ßutЧ eachЧ timeЧ ,andЧ thteeЧtimesЧ theЧhtstЧsentenceЧ tesonatesЧ inЧ
ltench,Ч ¨lsycheЧestЧĚtendueЧ . . . Ч ¨Ч ¸ ¨lsycheЧisЧextendedЧ. . . Ч¨} ) ΘtheЧmise-
en-scȃneЧdihets,ЧasЧdoЧtheЧtableauЧandЧtheЧimplicitЧnattative.Ч
Hete,ЧinЧP·smie·sΘ/i··aissn,ΘisЧlsyche'sЧimpassiveness,ЧallЧextended.ЧsheЧisЧ
notЧonlyЧextended,ЧsheЧisЧextensionЧitsell,Ч theЧtecliningЧone,ЧwomanЧlaidЧ
upЧ onЧ hetЧ bed,Ч neithetЧ analysandЧ notЧ lovet,Ч butЧ almostЧ aЧ tecumbentЧ
statue,Ч inЧtheЧ settingЧ sun.Ч ¨lsЎcheЧ isЧ extendedЧinЧtheЧshadeЧolЧaЧwalnutЧ
ttee,ЧasЧtheЧdaylightЧlades. ¨Ч
1hisЧimpassivenessЧpettainsЧneithetЧonlyЧt oЧtheЧputeЧsx/s·is·i/¸ΘolЧ hetЧbe-
ingЧnotЧonlyЧtoЧtheЧabsoluteЧoutsideЧwheteЧsheЧmaintainsЧhetsell.Ч ¨evety-
thingЧisЧoutsideЧanothetЧoutside,¨ЧNancyЧsays,ЧplyingЧtheЧlotmulaЧolЧaЧloϜd-
ingЧ thatЧhasЧ toЧ beЧtakenЧ intoЧ account.Ч theЧbeingЧoutsideЧanothetЧoutsideЧ
lotmsЧ theЧloldЧolЧtheЧ becoming-insideЧ olЧtheЧhtstЧoutside,Ч andЧsoЧlotth.Ч
Hence,ЧbyЧteasonЧolЧthisЧlolding,ЧheteЧateЧtheЧin/s·is·i/¸Θ¸ c/sΘolЧaЧsttuctuteЧ
madeЧupЧolЧnothingЧbutЧsutlacesЧandЧoutsidesЧwithoutЧinsides.Ч1heЧsupet-
hciesЧolЧtheseЧsutlaces,ЧasЧ notedЧeatliet,Ч ateЧlimits-exposed,ЧasЧsucΣ, ЧtoЧaЧ
touchЧthatЧcanЧ onlyЧevetЧleaveЧ themЧ intact,Ч untouchedЧandЧuntouchable.Ч
lsyche'sЧ impassivenessЧ doesЧ notЧ onlyЧ pettainЧ toЧ theЧ sx¸ssi/isnΘ olЧhetЧ
beingЧ¸a·/ssΘ sx/·aΘ¸a·/ss.Θ ltЧ isЧ notЧ onlyЧ ltomЧ hetЧ disseminalЧ divisibilityЧ
,¨Ч. . . Ч placesЧthatЧdivideЧthemselvesЧandЧnevetЧintetpenettateЧeachЧothet¨) ,Ч
anЧitteducibleЧdi·isi/i/i/¸,ΘthatЧallЧtheЧtest,Ч itЧseemsЧtoЧ me,Ч willЧhaveЧtoЧlol-
low.Ч ltЧisЧessentially,Ч andЧlotЧthoseЧvetyЧteasons,ЧltomЧaЧnsn/nsa/sdgs,Θ hetЧ
ownЧunknown,Чselĺignotance-theЧunconscious.ЧloutЧtimesЧonЧthisЧshottЧ
page-lotЧthisЧpieceЧolЧwtitingЧcovetsЧlessЧthanЧaЧpage-itЧisЧsaidЧthatЧsheЧ
Ps¸chsΘ
/nsasΘns/hingΘolЧtbis.Ч ¨1beЧpsycbeЧisЧ extended,Ч knowsЧ notbingЧaboutЧit. Ч
ĀvetythingЧthusЧendsЧwithЧ tbisЧ btielЧtune. Ч lsycbeЧistЧausgedebnt,ЧweissЧ
nicbtsЧdavon. ' Ч. . . Ч OnlyЧlsycheЧknowsЧnotbingЧolЧthisЧ. . . ɚЧlsycheЧknowsЧ
nothingЧolЧthisЧ. . . . Ч SheЧknowsЧnothingЧolЧtbis-andЧthatЧisЧwhatЧeveryț
oneЧknowsЧ atoundЧbet,ЧwitbЧsucbЧexactЧandЧctuelЧknowledgeƌ ¨ Ч
l l Ч lsycbeЧremainsЧalone,Чi t ЧisЧhrstЧbecauseЧsbeЧisЧaloneЧi n ЧknowingЧnotb-
ingЧolЧthis. Ч1hereЧagainЧtbeЧ meaningЧolЧtbeЧsentenceЧbursts. Ч lntoЧ bits,Ч lЧ
mean.Ч lsycbeЧisЧtbeЧonlyЧ oneЧwboЧknowsЧnotbingЧ,notbingЧolЧberselňЧolЧ
betЧextension,ЧolЧbetЧrecumbentЧbeingčextended)ĮЧ butЧ lurtber,Ч byЧbeingЧ
aloneЧinΘknowingЧnothingЧolЧtbis,ЧsheЧisЧalsoЧaloneЧ¸·ΘnotЧknowingЧany-
thingЧolЧtbis.Ч SheЧ hndsЧ betsellЧaloneЧwitboutЧknowingЧ itĮЧ hetЧsolitudeЧisЧ
tadicalЧ/scaassΘsheЧknowsЧnotbing,ЧnothingЧolЧbersell,ЧolЧhetЧextension,ЧolЧ
/ha/ΘahichΘotbersЧknowĮЧsheЧdoesnĹtЧknowЧaha/ΘtbeyЧknowЧandЧ/ha/ΘtheyЧ
know,ЧtbatЧis,Ч theЧcontentЧandЧtbeЧlactЧolЧtheirЧ knowledge.Ч OnΘ/hsΘsa/¸sc/Θ
s¸Θhs·ss͋Θlndeed,ЧsheЧisЧtbeЧsubmissiveЧsubjectЧ,extendedЧobject) ,Ч tbeЧsup-
pottЧotЧsubjectileЧolЧtbeitЧknowledgeЧbutЧnotЧolЧhetsЧbecauseЧonЧhetЧownЧ
sheЧknowsЧnothingЧolЧbersell-onЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧbetsell.Ч
lnЧotberЧwotds,Ч tboseЧatoundЧher,ЧpetipbetalЧtoЧber,ЧwboЧateЧnotЧtoucb-
ingЧherЧwhileЧgazingЧatЧbetЧallЧtheЧsame-tbeyЧknowЧsomethingЧaboutЧbet.Ч
1beyЧknowЧitЧandЧtheitЧknowledgeЧisЧsxac/Θ,oneЧolЧNancy'sЧmastetЧwotds,Ч
wbicbЧwe'llЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧltequently.Чsxac/i/adsΘisЧtbisЧtbinket'sЧthing,ЧbisЧ
bigЧdeal-beЧtbinksЧsxac/µΘsometbingЧotbetЧtbanЧwbatЧoneЧthinksЧinЧgen-
etalЧorЧpondetsЧtooЧeasilyЧundetЧtbeЧwotdЧ¨exactitude, ¨ЧandЧyetЧ. . . Ч ).Ч1heyЧ
knowЧtbisЧ witbЧexactЧandЧ ctuelЧ knowledge.Ч ¨Āxact¨Ч isЧ notЧ tbeЧlastЧwotd,Ч
j ustЧoneЧolЧtbeЧlast.ЧWbatЧdoЧtbeyЧknow:ЧlsЧthisЧ¨tbey¨ЧmasculineЧotЧneu-
tet:ЧlsЧlsycheЧonlyЧaЧleminineЧhgureЧsurtoundedЧbyЧmen,ЧandЧhrstЧexposedЧ
toЧĀtos:ЧlerbapsЧ¨they,¨Ч ¨tboseЧpresent¨Ч knowЧ/hsΘ·s·¸Θss͑amsΘ/hingΘtbatЧ
sheЧdoesnĹtЧknow,ЧbutЧknowЧaboveЧallЧ/ha/ΘsheЧdoesnĹtЧknow,Ч tbeЧvetyЧlactЧ
tbatЧevetythingЧtakingЧplaceЧisЧ an/nsanΘ/sΘhs·.Θindeed,ЧeverytbingЧisЧ tak-
ing Ćϝals,Ч thatЧ isЧ toЧsay,Ч extends,Ч ¨inЧplacesЧ tbatЧ divideЧ tbemselves, ¨Ч¨be-
tweenЧ tbeseЧ places,Ч tbeseЧlocationsЧ. . . . Ч ¨ЧAndЧtbusЧ ¨tbey¨Ч knowЧ/ha/ΘsheЧ
doesn'tЧknowЧ aboutЧ bersellЧ/ha/ΘveryЧthingЧahichΘisЧtoЧbeЧknownЧwitboutЧ
betЧknowingЧit,Чnamely,ЧtbatЧsbeЧisЧextended.Ч1beyЧknowЧherЧunconscious,Ч
betЧbeing-unconscious,Чlsyche'sЧunconscious.Ч1beyЧseeЧberЧnotЧseeingЧbet-
sell,Ч thatЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч notЧseeingЧbersellЧextendedĮЧ tbeyЧknowЧherЧwbeteЧsbeЧ
neithetЧknowsЧhersellЧnorЧknowsЧbetsellЧtoЧbeЧseen.Ч
ßutЧtheЧvisionЧolЧthisЧextendedЧbodyЧbecomesЧalmostЧintoletableЧtoЧtbem.Ч
She-sbeЧbasЧnoЧsellțrelation.ЧsbeЧdoesn'tЧsee,ЧbeatǩЧtaste,ЧorЧtoucbЧhersellĮЧ
DZ6Ч IhisΘIsʌs¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
inЧ aЧ wotd,Ч sbcЧ docsnŗtЧ lcclЧ bctsclΉ̍Ч SbcЧ lacksЧ tbcЧ scnscЧ olЧbctsclȅЧ wbicbЧ
amountsЧtoЧsayingЧtbatЧtbcЧscnscЧisЧwbatЧsbcЧlacks.ЧAndЧnoЧdoubtЧscnsc.ЧAndЧ
tbcЧ inscnsatcЧ ,asЧmucbЧasЧ inscnsiblc)Ч suppottЧolЧtbisЧsubjcctilcЧ tbatЧknowsЧ
notbingЧandЧsccsЧnotbingЧolЧitscllЧbccomcsЧalmostЧinsuppottablcЧ toЧtbcm. Ч
CanЧwcЧ imagincЧanЧcxtcnsionЧtbatЧisЧuntoucbablc:ЧlmaginingЧisЧncitbctЧ
tbinkingЧnotЧknowing,ЧtoЧbcЧsutc, ЧbutЧitЧisЧinЧnoЧwayЧaЧcomplctcЧabscnccЧolЧ
tbougbtЧotЧknowlcdgc.ЧCanЧoncЧ¸ga·sΘlotЧoncscllЧanЧuntoucbablcЧcxtcnsion,Ч
ilЧyouЧwill:ЧltЧisЧdiƗcult,ЧcxccptЧ,asЧDcscattcs, ЧKant,ЧandЧaЧlcwЧotbctsЧwouldЧ
bavcЧit)ЧilЧanЧintclligiblcЧcxtcnsionЧwitboutЧaЧbodyЧisЧatЧissuc,ЧptccisclyЧtbctcЧ
wbctcЧ tbcЧ undctstandingЧpasscsЧ imaginationЧ andЧ scnsibilityȨ Ч andЧcxccptЧ
lotЧsomcЧ inssnsi˰/sΘssnsi//sΘ, Hcgcl, ЧMatx,ЧandЧsoЧon) .Ч ßutЧ invctscly,Ч isЧanyЧ
toucbingЧimaginablcЧ tbatЧmigbtЧtoucbЧsomctbingЧnotЧcxtcndcd:ЧAndЧlut-
tbct,Ч toЧ announccЧ qucstionsЧ tbatЧwillЧ comcЧ backЧ toЧ usЧ likcЧ boomctangs,Ч
wbatЧisЧtbcЧwayЧtoЧotganizcЧ togctbctЧtbcЧlollowingЧloutЧconccptsЧotЧpbi-
losopbcmcs. Чsx/snsisn,Θ¸a·/ssΘ sx/·aΘ¸a·/ss,Θ /sΘ/sach,Θ andЧ/sΘ/sachΘsnsss{·Θ
SoonЧ cnougb,Ч inЧ aЧ combinatotyЧplayЧclosingЧupЧ atoundЧ aЧvacantЧccntct,Ч
tbcitЧassociationЧandЧdissociationЧwillЧcompclЧusЧintoЧaЧdizzyingЧambulation.Ч
llЧcommonscnsicallyЧlЧcanЧonlyЧtoucbЧsomcЧcxtcndcdЧ/hingΘ,wbatЧisЧtctmcdЧ
˃body¨Ч andЧ ¨matctialЧ body¨) , Ч itЧ docsЧ notЧ lollowЧ tbatЧcvctyЧcxtcnsionЧ isЧ
toucbablcЧ ,asЧ lЧ saidЧaЧmomcntЧagoЧ aboutЧ intclligiblcЧcxtcnsion) ,Ч notЧ tbatЧ
anyЧcxtcnsionЧisЧsttuctutcdЧ lollowingЧtbcЧ inttinsicЧcxtctξotity,Ч wbicbЧisЧcs-
scntial,ЧolЧ ¸a·/ssΘsx/·aΘ¸a·/ss.Θ Ccttainly,Ч tbcЧ livingЧbody,Ч lotЧcxamplc,Чcom-
ptiscsЧsomcЧ¸a·/ssΘsx/·aΘ¸a·/ss,ΘbutЧitЧalsoЧbasЧaЧtclationЧtoЧitscllЧtbatЧisЧoġcnЧ
tbougbtЧnoЧlongctЧtoЧbcЧ divisiblcЧ inЧtbisЧway.Ч SbouldЧlЧ toucbЧaЧlivingЧbody,Ч
sbouldЧaЧlivingЧbodyЧtoucbЧitscll,Ч tbcnЧtbctcЧ isЧ noЧassutanccЧ tbatЧcxtcnsionЧ
isЧttansccndcd-butЧtbctcЧ isЧcvcnЧlcssЧassutanccЧ tbatЧtbcЧ toucbingЧotЧscll-
toucbingЧtoucbcsЧ inЧtbcЧwayЧolЧ ¸a·/ssΘsx/·aΘ¸a·/ss.Θ Soon,ЧblowsЧotЧcatcsscsЧ
willЧlotccЧ usЧtoЧlcavcЧsuspcndcdЧanyЧbastyЧconclusionЧonЧtbcЧsubjcctЧatЧband.Ч
AmongϞthoseϞ ptesent,Ϟ someϞateϞhidingϞ theitϞlaces,Ϟ othetsϞateϞkeepingϞtheitϞ
eyesϞdespetatelyϞh xedϞonϞlsyche'sϞbody.Ϟ
lsycbcЧ tbcЧ untoucbablc,Ч lsycbcЧ tbcЧ intact.ЧwbollyЧcotpotcal,Ч sbcЧ hasΘaЧ
bodЏ, ЧsbcЧisΘaЧbody,Ч butЧanЧintangiblcЧonc. ЧĕctЧsbcЧ isЧnotЧonlyЧuntoucbablcЧ
lotЧotbctsɚЧ SbcЧdocsn'tЧtoucbЧhs·ssĐΘsinccЧsbcЧisЧwbollyЧcxtcndcdЧ¸a·/ssΘsxΓ
/·aΘ¸a·/ssėΘ 1boscЧwboЧ atcЧ ¨ptcscnt¨Ч toЧ bctЧtcluscЧ toЧ sccЧ bctЧotЧbcboldЧbctЧ
dcspctatcly,Ч andЧilЧtbcitЧ¨knowlcdgc¨Ч isЧsoЧ¨cxactЧandЧctucl, ¨Ч tbcnЧit'sЧnotЧ
onlyЧbccauscЧ tbcyЧ knowЧ tbatЧ sbcЧ knows,Ч sccs, Ч otЧtoucbcsЧ notbing,Ч notЧ
cvcnЧbctЧownЧbodyЧotЧanytbingЧptopctlyЧbctЧown.Ч ltǥsЧbccauscЧtbisЧsccncЧ
Ps¸chsΘ I,
appearsЧwhileЧaЧsongЧolЧmourningЧresounds.Ч1wiceЧtheЧ ¨brielЧtune¨Чres-
onatesЧinЧGerman,Ч lorЧlsyche'sЧnameЧisЧwrittenЧinЧGerman,ЧwithoutЧanЧac-
cent,ЧandЧmoreoverЧ thisЧ isЧaЧ¨lateЧ _¸ss/hams}Θ noteЧolЧlreudŗs¨ǒЧ ¨lsycheЧistЧ
ausgedehnt,ЧweissЧnichtsЧdavon. ¨Ч1hisЧisЧaboutЧaЧpassage,ЧitЧisЧa¸s·Θlsyche'sЧ
death,Ч andЧ theЧsceneЧratherЧ|ooksЧlikeЧanЧentombment.Ч
lsycheϞisϞextendedϞinϞhetϞcolhɥ n. Ϟ
1hisЧincarnation, ЧthisЧincorporationЧ olЧlsyche's,Ч aЧ corporealЧ yetЧ un-
touchab|eЧlsyche,ЧisЧ¨posthumous. ¨ЧltЧisЧtellingЧusЧperhaps,ЧwhetherЧorЧnotЧ
ęancyЧmeantЧtoЧsayЧit,ЧthatЧPs·iΘ¸sachƋsΘ,theЧtitleЧolЧ Aristotle
Ƴ
sЧtextЧthatЧdom-
inatesЧa|lЧourЧphilosophicalЧthinkingЧaboutЧtouchЧandЧeveryЧpsych-ologyЧ
asЧaЧdiscourseЧonЧtheЧlileЧolЧtheЧliving)Ч mustЧbeЧrereadЧorЧrewrittenЧinЧthisЧ
¨posthumous¨Чsituation,ЧinЧwhichЧlsycheЧmustЧbeЧregarded-ilЧthisЧisЧpos-
sibleЧandЧilЧthisЧdeathЧisЧnotЧtooЧunbearable-asЧanЧextensionЧthatЧisЧun-
touchableЧandЧlromЧtheЧoutsetЧintangibleЧlorЧherse|lŎЧAndЧthoseЧwhoЧbringЧ
themse|vesЧtoЧbeЧ¨present¨ЧtoЧlsyche-
AmongϞ thoseϞ ptesentǕϞ someϞ ateϞ hidingϞ theitϞ lacesǕϞ othetsϞ ateϞ keepingϞ theitϞ
eyesϞdespetatelyϞh xedϞonϞlsyche'sϞbody.Ϟ SheϞkǿowsϞnothingϞolϞthis-andϞthatϞ
isϞwhatϞevetyoneϞknowsϞaroand˰her,˰ withϞsuchϞexactϞandϞctuelϞknowledge.Ϟ ¸IJ˰
amϞemphasizingϞaroand˰her,˰ olϞcoutse.-|.Ϟ D. } ˰
-takeЧaЧstandЧa·sandΘhs·,ΘPs·iΘ¸sachës.Θ
1heyЧareЧthereЧsa/¸sc/ΘtoЧher.Ч 1heyЧ nowЧhsďΘontoЧherЧsubject.Ч1heyЧhsďΘ
aЧsession,Ч aЧcouncil,ЧaЧconlerenceЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧher.ЧāustЧasЧtheyЧtakeЧupЧ
theЧplacesЧa·sandΘthisЧlocusЧwhereЧnothingЧtakesЧplaceЧbutЧplace,ЧthatЧis,Чex-
tension,ЧoneЧcanЧalsoЧ senseЧ thatЧtheyЧ/a/sΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘĴȄ-butЧolЧwhom:Ч OlЧ
what:ЧWhatЧdoesЧthisЧmetonymyЧannounce:ЧlorЧwhomЧandЧlorЧwhatЧisЧitЧ
inЧmourning,ЧilЧeveryЧmetonymyЧremainsЧaЧsignЧolЧmourning:Ч
,MetonymiesЧareЧinЧmourning,ЧatЧleast,ЧlorЧaЧproperЧsenseЧorЧname.ЧAndЧ
weЧshallЧseeЧthatЧthisЧbookЧisЧa|soЧaboutЧtheЧmetonymiesЧolЧtouch.ЧltЧstartedЧ
outЧasЧ anЧ olleringЧlorЧāeanēLucЧęancy,ЧlorЧhimЧ alone,Ч quiteЧ uniquelyЧlorЧ
him,ЧandЧbyЧrunningЧtheЧriskЧolЧpublication,ЧitЧisЧalreadyЧexposingЧitsellЧtoЧ
soЧmanyЧotherЧmetonymies.Ч HenceЧtheЧworryingЧinЧthisЧunsteadyЧgesture,Ч
inЧitsЧtonalitiesЧandЧallect. )Ч
ltЧremainsЧthatЧshe,Чlsyche,ЧisЧtheЧsubj ectŎЧSheЧremainsЧtheЧsubjectЧinas-
muchЧasЧ itЧisЧrestЧ ,Ǥrests, ¨Ч¨lies¨-reposing,Ч lying,ЧrestingЧitsell)͈ЧAsЧ lorЧ
ǂ ?Ч IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
thcm, ЧthcyЧatcЧ holdingЧon, ЧstandingЧbyЧhctЧsubjcct,Ч notЧ byЧhctЧbcdsidcЧ ¸ù
ssnΘchs·s/} ,ΘasЧwcЧmightЧsay,ЧbutЧatЧtbcЧcdgcЧ olЧhctЧbcingēcxtcndcd,ЧolЧhctЧ
cot,Ч otЧ hctЧcolhě n. Ч ͋owingЧbutЧ oncЧ thingЧaboutЧ bct,Ч whichЧ isЧ thatЧ shcЧ
knowsЧnothingЧolЧit,ЧthcyЧwatchЧhctЧandЧscck,Чj ustЧasЧwcЧdo,ЧtoЧgivcЧthoughtЧ
toЧthcЧ subjcctЧolЧthcЧ subj cct,Ч andЧ thinkЧ aboutЧandЧatoundЧpsychcЧ ,¸s·iΘ
¸sachës) ,ΘandЧthinkЧaboutЧ¨toucbing¨ЧandЧwhatЧitЧmcansЧtoЧsay.ЧßutЧtouch-
ingЧisЧwhatЧthcyЧatcЧ notЧdoing,ЧsinccЧthcyЧatcЧ thinkingĮЧandЧthcyЧatcЧ think-
ingȝthatЧisЧthcitЧpostulatc-thatЧinЧotdctЧtoЧthinkЧtouching,ЧthisЧthinkingЧ
aboutЧ touchЧ mustЧnotЧ touch.Ч1bcyЧatcЧalsoЧaskingЧthcmsclvcsЧwhatЧ thisЧ
,thatЧis,Чtouching)ЧmightЧsccЧinЧsccingЧandЧbavcЧtoЧdoЧwithЧit,ЧaЧsccingЧthatЧ
somcЧ acccptЧtcsolutclyЧwhctcasЧothctsЧatcЧ¨hidingЧtbcitЧlaccs. ¨ Ч1hcyЧatcЧ
askingЧthcmsclvcsЧwbatЧ touchingЧmightЧhavcЧ toЧ doЧ withЧ sccingЧandЧ thcЧ
othctЧscnscs. Ч
ßutЧthcyЧaltcadyЧknowЧthatЧthisЧtbinkingЧolЧtouch,ЧthisЧthoughtЧolЧwhatЧ
¨touchingƞЧmcans,ЧmustЧ toucbЧonЧthcЧ untouchablc.ЧAtistotlc'sЧPs·iΘ¸sachësΘ
hadЧaltcadyЧinsistcdЧonЧthis.Ч botbЧtbcЧ tangiblcЧ andЧtbcЧ intangiblcЧ atcЧthcЧ
objcctsЧ olЧtoucbЧ ,hëΘha¸hëΘ/saΘ ha¸/saΘ /aiΘana¸/sa)Θ ,Ps·iΘ¸sachësΘ|z|a) .Ч
OnccЧ thisЧinctcdiblcЧ ¨ttuth¨ЧhasЧbccnЧuttctcd, ЧitЧwillЧtcsonatcЧdownЧtoЧthcЧ
twcnticthЧccntuty,ЧcvcnЧwithinЧdiscoutscsЧappatcntlyЧuttctlyЧlotcignЧtoЧanyЧ
Atistotclianism,ЧasЧwcЧshallЧsccŪЧ
HowЧcanЧthisЧbcǔЧ1oЧpondctЧtouchingЧwhilcЧtouchingЧon, ЧotЧtampctingЧ
with,ЧthcЧ untouchablc-wouldЧthisЧbcЧ thcЧ absolutcЧ inj unction:ЧDocsn'tЧ
thisЧinj unctionЧdictatcЧ thcЧ impossiblc:Ч DocsЧ itЧpcttainЧ toЧ aЧposthumousЧ
histotyЧolЧlsycbcЧ otЧPs·iΘ¸sachësʲΘAndЧdocsЧposthumousЧhctcЧ signi¦ЧthatЧ
Atistotlc'sЧ lcgacy,Ч noЧ mattctЧ howЧ undcniablc,Ч isЧ tcallyЧ dcadǔЧ OtЧ docsЧ itЧ
mcanЧthatЧitЧisЧtimcЧ toЧinhctitЧitЧdillctcntlyǔЧWhatЧ couldЧ thisЧbistotyЧolЧ
touchЧbavcЧtoЧdoЧwithЧinhctitanccǔЧ
lnЧanyЧcasc,ЧitЧwasЧtimcЧtoЧstattЧwithЧaЧtablcauЧolЧmoutning,ЧnotЧmoutn-
ingЧlotЧsomconc,ЧmalcЧ otЧlcmalc,ЧsomcЧdctctmincdЧlivingЧbcing,ЧsomcЧsin-
gulatityЧotЧothct,ЧbutЧmoutningЧlilcЧitsclȅЧandЧwhatЧinЧlilcЧisЧtbcЧvctyЧlivingЧ
thing,ЧthcЧlivingЧspting,ЧtbcЧbtcathЧolЧlilc. ЧlsychcЧ isЧalsoЧaЧcommonЧptopctЧ
namc,Ч dcsignatingЧthcЧ ptinciplcЧ olЧlilc, Чbtcatb,ЧthcЧ soul,ЧthcЧanimationЧolЧ
thcЧanimal.Ч1hatЧisЧwbyЧcvctytbingЧbcginsЧandЧmustЧbcginЧthctc.ЧAndЧitЧisЧ
indccdЧthctcЧthatЧPs·iΘ¸sachës-ƨoΘoltcnЧttanslatcdЧinЧoutЧttaditionЧinЧLatinЧ
asЧDsΘanima-ƅe̟ƙ nƨ . Θ1bisЧttcatiscЧ bcginsЧbyЧcxplainingЧtoЧus,ЧatЧthcЧvctyЧ
outsct,Ч whatЧ oncЧ isЧ toЧ bcginЧwith.Ч lot,Ч ilЧknowlcdgcЧ isЧ amongЧthcЧ mostЧ
bcautilulЧandЧmostЧdignihcdЧthings,Ч ilЧknowingЧoncЧthingЧisЧwotthЧmotcЧ
thanЧ knowingЧ anothctЧbyЧtcasonЧ olЧitsЧ accutacyЧ otЧ byЧ tcasonЧ olЧthcЧ ad-
Ps¸chsΘ DZ,Ч
mirableЧqualityЧolЧitsЧobjects,ЧthenЧknowledgeЧolЧtheЧsoulЧmustЧproperlyЧbeЧ
entitledЧ toЧ theЧhighestЧrank-thisЧ canЧ beЧ readЧ atЧ theЧ beginningЧ olЧPs·iΘ
ĆsǟƫĢƼs.Ч ǽnowledgeЧ olЧtheЧsoulЧgreatlyЧservesЧ theЧknowledgeЧ olЧallЧ truthƌЧ
lirst,Ч itЧservesЧtheЧknowledgeЧ olЧnatureЧbecauseЧtheЧsoulЧisЧ theЧ principleЧ
properЧtoЧlivingЧbeingsЧ ,ss/iΘga·ΘhsisnΘa·chëΘ/õnΘzõiõn)Θ ,Ps·iΘĆsǟƫĢƼsЧ|oza) .Ч
AristotleЧthusЧproposesЧtoЧstudy,Ч onЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧtheЧtraitsЧ¨proper¨ЧtoЧtheЧ
soul,ЧtheЧonesЧthatЧdehneЧtheЧessenceЧorЧtheЧsubstanceЧ,sasia)ΘolЧtheЧpsyche,Ч
andЧonЧtheЧotherЧ hand,Ч thoseЧtraitsЧpertainingЧtoЧentireЧlμvingЧbeings.ЧThisЧ
beginningЧolЧPs·iΘĆsǟƫĢƼsЧassumesЧthatЧtheЧsoulЧ ,ĆsǟƫĢƼ)-atЧleastЧtheЧsoulЧ
olЧtheЧlivingЧbeingЧnamedЧman-canЧhaveЧsell-knowledgeƌЧWhenЧoneЧthenЧ
comesЧtoЧtheЧpartЧolЧtheЧsoulЧthatЧ¨thinks¨ЧandЧ¨knows, ¨ЧoneЧwillЧdealЧwithЧ
theЧintellectЧthatЧisЧseparableЧandЧisЧ¨ableЧtoЧthinkЧitsell¨ЧinЧitsЧeternityЧorЧ
immortalityЧ,ibid. , Ч|z,b) .Ч Certainly,Ч̳istotle'sЧpsyche,ЧlikeЧNancy's,ЧisЧim-
passiveЧ,a¸a/hës) ,Θinsensitive,ЧandЧindillerentЧtoЧsullering,ЧwithinЧitsЧnoeticЧ
andЧactiveЧprinciple,ЧthereЧwhereЧitЧthinks,ЧthinksЧitsell,ЧandЧknowsĻЧßutЧitЧ
isЧ alsoЧ separable,Ч andЧwhenЧ itЧisЧ severed-whichЧ isЧ alsoЧ theЧ momentЧ olЧ
death,ЧbutЧhereЧaЧdeathЧthatЧdoesn'tЧhappen-itЧre-becomesЧ¨immortalЧandЧ
eternal¨Ч ,ibid. ,Ч|Ĭoa) .Ч
ltЧisЧappropriate,ЧatЧ thisЧpoint,ЧtoЧrecallЧwhatЧisЧevidentĤЧAristotle'sЧPs·iΘ
ĆsǟƫĢƼsЧisЧ aЧtreatiseЧonЧ theЧpureЧlileЧolЧtheЧlivingƌЧ
Now,ЧNancy'sЧlsycheЧseesЧhersellЧtreatedЧasЧaЧdeadЧwoman.Ч
ThisЧ willЧ haveЧ someЧ consequences,Ч bothЧ closeЧ andЧ distantЧ ones,Ч lorЧ
ĆsȏƫĢĴ-logy,Ч ĆsȏƫĢĴ-analysis-thatЧ goesЧ withoutЧ saying-butЧ alsoЧ lorЧ aЧ
numberЧolЧ¨modern¨Ч languagesЧ andЧourЧ currentЧ discoursesЧonЧ theЧ¨livingЧ
body¨Ч,Lsi/) ,ΘwhetherЧtheЧearЧgraspsЧitЧasЧ¨bodyЧproper¨ЧorЧtheЧ¨ûesh. ¨Ч1heЧ
principleЧorЧdriveЧtoЧexpropriationЧintroducedЧthereЧlorthwithЧbyЧdeath,ЧtheЧ
otherЧ orЧtime,ЧisЧ certainlyЧhardЧtoЧ tolerate,Ч buϺ, ЧasЧweЧ shallЧ see,Ч it'sЧ lessЧ reţ
sistantЧtoЧthoughtЧthanЧwhatЧcomplicatesЧanЧinca·na/isnΘevenЧmore,ЧwhichЧ
isЧtoЧsay,Ч theЧprosthesis,ЧtheЧ metonymicЧ substitute,ЧtheЧautoimmuneЧproţ
cess,ЧandЧ/schnica/Θsurvival.Ч
TheЧ/schnëΘolЧbodies,Чecotechnics,ЧandЧtheЧintrusionЧolЧLēin/·asΘare,ЧlorЧ
example,ЧamongЧtheЧnamesЧ thatЧNancyЧbestowsЧonЧtheseƌ
ƦЧ
§ 2 5Qacin_s
Ihc Inccmmcn·urcb/c, S,ncc¡c,
cnd vrd· Bcginning uith cx-´
MayЧ l,Ч evenЧ beloteЧ stattingЧ outЧ again,Ч beЧpetmittedЧtheЧ spaceЧ andЧ theЧ
lteedomЧolЧaЧlongЧpatenthesisЧheteЧtoЧannounce,ЧatЧsomeЧ temove,Ч aЧpossi-
bleЧdestination·ЧltЧisЧj ustihě edЧpteciselyЧbyЧtheЧattentionЧaccotdedЧtoЧs¸acs,Θ
otЧtathetЧtoЧs¸acing,Θ theЧ absoluteЧconditionЧolЧanyЧextensionЧandЧ anyЧ¸a·/ssΘ
sx/·aΘ¸a·/ss,Θ asЧwellЧasЧtheЧconditionЧolЧthisЧsttangeЧlsyche.ЧAЧlutthetЧj usti-
hcationЧlotЧtheЧpatenthesisЧisЧ theЧlinkЧbetweenЧ theЧspacingЧmotilЧandЧanЧ
unusualЧthinkingЧolЧ ĩssdsm.Θ
OneЧolЧNancy'sЧ tateЧteletencesЧtoЧAtistotleЧisЧanЧevenЧtatetЧoneЧtoЧPs·iΘ
¸sachës,Θ inЧ whichЧheЧ temindsЧus,ЧwithoutЧalludingЧtoЧ touchЧhimselňЧ thatЧ
Ÿ˛ŭtistotle'sЧ¸sachë-aΘsubstanceЧ ¸inЧ theЧsenseЧolЧlotm¦Ч olЧaЧlivingЧbodyĶ
wasЧ unitedЧwithЧtheЧbodyЧlikeЧ ƈwaxЧ andЧtheЧshapeЧgivenЧ toЧ it. Ǣ' ǠЧAndЧitЧ isЧ
alsoЧinЧtheseЧlastЧpagesЧolЧhisЧEgsΘsamΘthatЧNancyЧh tstЧtevisitsЧ,soЧtoЧspeak)Ч
hisЧownЧteletenceЧtoЧlteud'sЧnote. ĊЧ
lndeed,ЧthisЧpointЧisЧquiteЧsignihcant,ЧandЧaccotdingly,Ч noЧdoubt,ЧweЧshallЧ
haveЧtoЧgiveЧsustainedЧattentionЧtoЧitЧlatetЧon.Ч Natutally,Ч althoughЧtheЧwotdЧ
¨touch¨ЧdoesЧnotЧappeatЧthete,ЧtheЧstakesЧolЧhisЧdemonsttationЧdoЧtouchЧonЧ
whatЧ¨touching¨ЧmayЧmean.Ч ltЧdealsЧwithЧaЧsubtleЧbutЧhtmЧdistinctionЧbe-
tweenЧ s·a/i/¸ΘandЧ /acca/i/¸,Θ betweenЧssΘandЧ /acca,Θ theЧ lattetЧ beingЧ moteЧ
¨ptimitive¨ЧthanЧtheЧlotmet.Ч1heЧmouthЧs¸sa/sΘbutЧitЧdoesЧsoЧamsngΘs/hs·Θ
/hings.Θ ltЧcanЧ alsoЧ bteathe,Ч eat,Ч spit.ЧltЧhasЧ ¨notЧalwaysЧ beenЧspeaking,¨ЧnotЧ
alwaysЧ beenЧanЧs·a/Θagency.Ч¨theЧinstantЧspeakingЧbegins,ЧanЧunstableЧandЧ
mobileЧopeningЧlotms. ЧlotЧaЧlewЧinstants,ЧnothingЧisЧdiscetnible,ЧegoЧwillЧ
notЧsayЧanything.ЧAllЧthatЧegoЧdoesЧisЧopenЧupЧthisЧcavity¨Ч,Nancy,Ч ¨ĽnumЧ
quid,¨Чp. Чi 6z) .Ч1heЧmouthЧthatЧcanЧscteam,ЧtheЧclosedЧmouthЧatЧtheЧbteast,Ч
thusЧ opensЧ upЧ beloteЧ theЧ ¨otalЧ stage. ¨Ч1heЧ mouthЧ attachesЧ itsellЧtoЧ theЧ
zðĕ
S¸acingsΘ zDZЧ
bteastЧ inЧanЧ¨identihcationЧ moteЧ ancientЧ thanЧ anyЧ identihcationЧ withЧ aЧ
lace, ¨ЧtheЧ¨mouthЧslightlyЧopen,ЧdetachingЧitsellЧltomЧtheЧ bteast,Ч inЧaЧhrstЧ
smile,ЧaЧhtstЧĐnnyЧlace,ЧtheЧlututeЧolЧwhichЧisЧthinking¨Ч ,ibid. ) . Ч
AtЧthisЧpoint,ЧaЧlootnoteЧtelersЧusЧtoЧ¨lsyche¨Ч andЧtoЧlreud'sЧ¨posthuţ
mous¨Чnote.ЧNow,ЧalthoughЧtheЧmouthЧisЧtouchingЧˢbutЧletЧmeЧsttessЧonceЧ
againЧthatЧthen,ЧinЧi
)/)
,ΘNancyЧdoesЧnotЧmakeЧuseЧolЧtheЧwotdЧ¨touch¨ЧinЧ
thisЧcontextЧandЧthematically) ,ƶЧitЧisЧalsoЧdetachingЧitsellЧlromЧtheЧbteast.ЧltЧ
intettuptsЧtheЧcontactЧinЧorderЧtoЧspeak-think,ЧinЧaЧhtstЧopening,ЧanЧinitialЧ
andЧoriginalЧs¸acing.Θĉ˜ŭndЧthere,ЧwhatЧcomesЧtoЧpassЧisЧthatЧ¸theЧegoЧ }ΘspacesЧ
itsellЧoutЧ ¸ceЧquiЧs'yЧpasseЧc' estЧqu'ilЧ s'yЧespaceɰ ģЧ ĉ SpacingЧbtingsЧ aboutЧtheЧ
ltee,ЧtheЧopen,Ч ¸theЧspacious,¦Ч lotЧman'sЧsettlementЧandЧdwelling'Ч ,Heideg-
get) . DzЧßutЧ manЧisЧthatЧwhichЧspacesЧ itsellЧoutЧandЧneverЧdwellsЧ elsewhete,Ч
pethaps,ЧbutЧinЧthisЧspacing,ЧinЧtheЧa·sa/i/¸ΘolЧtheЧmouth¨Ч , Nancy,Ч ¨ĽnumЧ
quid, ¨Чpp.ЧDZ6zĞ6Ĭ) . ȤЧ
AtЧ thisЧ moment,Ч then,Ч theЧ pointЧwheteЧ heЧ putsЧ inЧ placeЧ aЧ conceptЧolЧ
a·sa/i/¸ΘthatЧwillЧorganizeЧaЧnewЧlogicЧolЧspaceЧ,theЧlogicЧolЧtheЧego'sЧ¨exteţ
tiotity¨ЧasЧwell.Ч ¨spacingЧolЧplaces, ¨Ч¨distancingЧandЧstrangenessЧthatЧmakeЧ
upЧplace,¨Ч¨ttacings,¨ЧandЧsoЧlotth) ,ЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧcomeЧactossЧaЧguardedЧandЧ
uneasyЧteletenceЧtoЧHeideggetŘalmostЧanЧ objection.Ч ltЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧthatЧ
thisЧsetsЧup,ЧtenЧyeatsЧinЧadvance,ЧNancy'sЧgreatЧptoblematicЧinЧLēsx¸é
Ƣ
isncsΘ
dsΘhĕȗ/s·/éΘ,IhsΘEx¸s·isncsΘs¸ΘF·ssdsm) . ĽΘThisЧworkЧwillЧalsoЧbeЧoneЧolЧtheЧ
sttongestЧtoЧhaveЧitЧoutЧwithЧ Heidegget,Ч inЧ aЧdebateЧ,Aassinands·ss/zang)Θ
thatЧ isЧamongЧtheЧ mostЧnecessaty,Ч thatЧ isЧtoЧsay,Ч aЧdebateЧ thatЧ hartiesЧandЧ
wottiesЧ thingsЧ soЧ asЧ toЧ questionЧ themЧ orЧ callЧ themЧ intoЧ question,Ч mss/Θ
c/sssµ,Θ elhciently,Ч andЧellectively,Ч inΘ¸ c/,Θ indssdΘ stattingЧltomЧaЧcompte-
hensive,Чundetstanding,Чpatient,ЧandЧtitelessЧteading-aЧgenetousЧreading.Ч
Generous·Чĕes, Чgenetous.Ч thisЧwordЧisЧallЧ theЧmoreЧcompellingЧsinceЧaЧ
certainЧ¨genetosityЧolЧbeing¨ЧbecomesЧtheЧultimateЧj ustihcationЧolЧhisЧ ¨ex-
petienceЧolЧlteedom. ¨ЧThisЧ generosityЧisЧnoЧlongetЧsimplyЧtheЧvirtueЧolЧaЧ
subject,Ч otЧ whatЧ DescattesЧ mightЧhaveЧ gtaspedЧbyЧthisЧ word.Ч ThisЧ gen-
erosityЧallowsЧ oneЧ toЧcsn¸ga·s,ΘandЧindissociablyЧthinkЧtogether,Ч theЧgƚΘ
,otЧrathetЧtheЧsƔ·ing) ,Θ dscisisn,Θs¸acing,Θ andЧĩssdsm. Θ
ltϞisϞaϞgenetosityϞolϞethos˰moteϞ thanϞanϞethicϞolϞgenetosityϞ . . ȭ . Ϟ ltϞgivesϞ ltee-
dom,ϞotϞoɷrs˰ ēt.Ϟ lotϞtheϞgiltϞisϞnevetϞputelyϞandϞsimplyϞgivenϞ. . . . Ϟ ltϞisϞthusϞ
ke¸t˰¸se˰garde}˰. + . . Ч OneϞmustϞkee¸˰ ¸ garder}˰ theϞsingu|atϞptesentϞinϞwhichϞtheϞ
giltϞasϞsuchϞisϞke¸t˰Ÿ gardé} ǭ˰thatϞis,ϞolletedϞ. . . . Ϟ TheϞoǶetingϞisϞtheϞinestimableϞ
pticeϞolϞtheϞgilt.ϞTheϞgenetosityϞolϞbeingϞolletsϞnothingϞothetϞthanϞexistence,Ϟ

'
zzΘ IhisΘIs-sĦΘ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
andϞtheϞoͫeκing,ϞasϞsuchƳϞisϞkeƨŐ˰¸gardéɡ}˰ inϞlteedom.ϞAllϞthisϞmeans.ϞaϞspaceϞisϞ
olletedϞwhoseϞ spacingƳϞ eachϞ time,Ϟ onlyϞ takesϞ placeϞ byϞwayϞolϞaϞdecision.Ϟ 8utϞ
theteϞisϞnoϞŔtheŭϞ Ǯecision.ϞɋheteϞisǕϞeachϞtime,ϞmyϞownϞ,a˰singulatϞmine)ϗ
youtsϞ¸ɯa˰Őienne} ,˰hisϞotϞhetsƳϞoutsȮϞAndϞthisϞisϞtheϞgenetosityϞolϞbeingƐϞ, NancyƳϞ
Ȓƶƨerience˰oɰ˰Freedom,˰ pp.Ϟ i|6-|;̛ϞslightlyϞmodihed-ɋtansȮ )̡Ϟ
lЧhaveЧemphasizedЧtheЧlourЧoccurrencesЧolЧtheЧverbЧga·ds·Θ¸keep,Чguard,Ч
keepЧguard,ЧwardЧollŘTrans.IJЧ thatЧareЧessentialЧinЧmyЧeyesƍЧTheyЧpointЧatЧ
theЧsameЧtimeЧtowardЧtruth'sЧ ·s·i/¸Θ¸·s·i/asɮΘ ˜h·hsi/} ,ΘwhichЧisЧaЧgaa·dΘasЧ
theЧwordЧ indicates,Ч andЧtoЧ scsnsm¸.Θ MustЧaЧgiltЧbeЧkept·Ч lnЧtruth·ЧMas/Θ
oneЧkeepЧorЧguard,Ч asЧ theЧtextЧsays·ЧAndЧisЧthisЧkeepingЧcompatibleЧwithЧ
theЧ¨withdrawal, ¨Ч¨retreat,¨Ч¨holdingЧback,¨ЧandЧ¨retaining,¨ЧwhichЧareЧalsoЧ
inЧquestion·Ч͒uestionsƌЧ
AndЧ yet,Ч whenЧ lЧ rereadЧ thisЧ lundamentalЧ chapter,Ч ¨Decision,Ч Desert,Ч
Ollering, ¨Ч lollowedЧbyЧ¨lragments, ¨ЧwithЧadmirationЧ,someЧwillЧsay,Ч an-
otherЧCartesianЧword') ,ЧwhenЧlЧlollowЧthrough,ЧstepЧbyЧstep,ЧwithЧgratelulЧ
recognitionЧatЧeveryЧinstant,ЧlЧwonder.ЧDoesn'tЧmyЧtimid,ЧreticentЧconcernЧ
aboutЧtheЧas·dΘ¨generosity¨Ч ,itЧisЧtheЧwordЧlЧworryЧaboutЧandЧnotЧnecesţ
sarilyЧtheЧconceptЧatЧworkЧinЧit)ЧpertainЧtoЧtheЧveryЧreserveЧthatЧtheЧcsngsĴ
nia/ΘmotilЧandЧ theЧ gssdΘms·sms͛/ΘolЧ¨lraternity¨Ч alwaysЧ inspireЧinЧ me·ЧlЧ
meanЧ toЧ sayЧlraternityЧinЧtheЧgreatestЧtradition,Ч certainly,Ч andЧallЧ itsЧ res-
torations,Ч butЧstill ,Ч inЧspiteЧ olЧtheЧdillerences,Ч inЧLevinas,Ч ßlanchot,ЧandЧ
othersƌ ϽЧlnЧthisЧ conclusionЧolЧIhsΘEx¸s·isncsΘsĦΘF·ssdsm,Θincidentally,Ч theЧ
relerenceЧtoЧlraternityЧisЧasЧ insistentЧasЧitЧisЧcautiousЧandЧawkward.ЧWhileЧ
NancyЧisЧveryЧconsciousЧolЧwhatЧmayЧappearЧtoЧbeЧ¨ridiculous¨Ч orЧsuspectЧ
inЧ theЧ lrenchЧrepublicanЧ motto,Ч andЧ olЧwhatЧmakesЧoneЧ ¨smile¨Ч inЧtheЧ
wordЧ ¨lraternity, ¨Ч heЧ neverthelessЧ makesЧ theЧ suggestionЧ thatЧ ¨thought¨Ч
shouldЧbeЧgivenЧtoЧ lraternityЧinЧanotherЧway,Ч toЧ ¨lraternityЧinЧabandon-
ment,Ч olЧabandonment¨Ч ,Nancy,Ч Ex¸s·isncsΘsĦΘF·ssdsm,Θ p. Ч Ƹ 6?) .Ч ßrieHy,Ч
whatЧembarrassesЧmeЧinЧ theЧwordЧ¨generosity, ¨ЧasЧ inЧ theЧwordЧ¨lraternity, ¨Ч
hnallyЧamountsЧtoЧtheЧsameЧthingģЧ lnЧbothЧcases,ЧoneЧacknowledgesЧandЧ
nodsЧ toЧ someЧ genealogy,Ч someЧ hliation,Ч aЧ principleЧ havingЧ toЧ doЧ withЧ
¨bărth, ¨ЧwhetherЧorЧnotЧitЧisЧ¨natural, ¨ЧasЧ itЧisЧoltenЧthoughtЧtoЧbe.ЧAboveЧ
all , ЧtheЧwordЧprivilegesЧ someЧ¨virility. ¨Ч EvenЧ ilЧheЧisЧanЧorphan,ЧaЧbrotherЧ
isЧaЧsonЧandЧtbereloreЧaЧmanģ ЧlnЧorderЧtoЧincludeЧtheЧsisterЧorЧwomanЧorЧ
daughter,ЧoneЧhasЧ toЧchangeЧwords-generously-andЧ thenЧchangeЧtheЧ
wordЧ¨generosity¨ЧitsellЧwhileЧoneЧisЧatЧit. Чlndeed,ЧilЧoneЧgivesЧorЧollersЧbe-
causeЧoneЧisЧnaturally,Ч genially,Ч congenitally,Ч orЧontologicallyЧgsns·sas,Θ atЧ
S¸acingsΘ z

bitth,ЧilЧit'sЧbecauseЧoneЧ hasЧtoЧgiveЧorЧhasЧsomethingЧtoЧgive,Ч becauseЧsnsΘ
canΘgive,ЧthanksЧtoЧaЧpowet,ЧaЧlotce,ЧotЧaЧcapacityЧtelatedЧtoЧgiving,ЧtoЧhav-
ingЧwhatЧitЧtakesЧ toЧgive,Ч withЧ soveteignЧpowet,ЧonceЧgivingЧisЧ¸sssi//s,Θ otЧ
theteЧisЧaЧ ¨genetosityЧolЧbeing¨,Ч thenЧdoesЧoneЧollet,ЧdoesЧoneЧstillЧgive·Ч
Hete,ЧlikeЧtheЧgilt,ЧlikeЧspacing,Ч ¨lteedom¨ЧotЧ¨decision¨ЧpethapsЧptesup-
posesЧtheЧintetruptionЧolЧgenerosityЧasЧwellЧasЧltatetnity.Ч ToЧ give,Ч outЧolЧ
gsns·ssi/¸ΘotЧbecauseЧsnsΘcanΘgiveЧ,whatЧoneЧhas)ЧisЧnoЧlongetЧtoЧgive.ЧGiv-
ingЧisЧpossibleЧonlyЧwheteЧitЧtemainsЧimNJ¸sssi//s,ΘandЧnotЧevenЧim-possibleЧ
asΘsach.¨ΘltЧheteЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧimpossibilityЧolЧtheЧ¨asЧsuch, ¨ЧtoЧtheЧ
lateЧolЧphenomenologyЧasЧmuchЧasЧontology.Ч
ßesidesЧtheЧinsistenceЧonЧ/ss¸ingΘgaa·dΘaЧsuspensionЧolЧtheЧconstativeЧ
uttetanceЧasЧ theЧenunciationЧolЧaЧthesisЧgivesЧwayЧtoЧanЧaddtessЧinЧtheЧla-
miliatЧlotmЧ ¸/a/sismsn/}Θ ,ȕyoutsЧ _/aΘ/isnns} ,ΘhisЧotЧhetsЧ ¸ňaΘsisnns} ,Θouts, ¨Ч
andЧsoЧon)Ч atЧtheЧheattЧolЧNancy'sЧ demonsttationЧwillЧhaveЧbeenЧnoted̋Ч
TheЧindicativeЧmoodЧolЧtheЧthesisЧisЧsuspended,ЧnotЧabandoned,ЧtheЧad-
dtessЧisЧembeddedЧinЧtheЧanalysis. Ч ßutЧinЧtheЧallocution,ЧtheteЧisЧaЧcettainЧ
challenge,ЧwhichЧwillЧhaveЧsomeЧ impottanceЧlotЧЈsЧlatetЧon. ЧThisЧmove-
mentЧdoesЧnotЧptoceedЧthetorically.ЧltЧoltenЧcattiesЧwithЧitЧ,andЧalteadyЧte-
calls,ЧwithЧaЧchangeЧolЧscenes)Ч anЧessentialЧ displacementЧ inЧtheЧgestuteЧolЧ
theЧthinking.Ч1oЧ btingЧthisЧpointЧhome,ЧitЧhelpsЧ,thoughЧitЧdoesЧnotЧsul-
hce)Ч toЧ underscoteЧtoЧwhatЧ degteeЧ philosophicalЧdiscoutseЧhasЧexcludedЧ
,oneЧ mightЧevenЧsayЧptohibited)Ч thisЧsttophicЧtutnЧolЧtheЧaposttophe,ЧasЧ
wellЧasЧ¨thou¨ЧandЧ¨you, ¨ЧltomЧAtistotleЧtoЧǽant,ЧltomЧDescattesЧtoЧHegelЧ
andЧtoЧ Heidegget.Ч EvenЧtoday,Ч thisЧprohibitionЧextendsЧtoЧmanyЧothets.Ч
Exceptions-ilЧany-ateЧtate,ЧweЧwouldЧleatnЧmuchЧltomЧtheitЧinventoty.Ч
¨TheЧltee¨Ч ¸dasΘF·sis}Θ isЧ theЧmotilЧ,theЧ¨semanticЧtoot¨)ЧthatЧHeideggetЧ
keepsЧuntilЧtheЧend,ЧwheteasЧheЧhasЧleltЧbyЧtheЧwaysideЧtheЧtheme,ЧatЧleast,Ч
olЧtheЧessenceЧolЧlreedom.ЧThisЧleavesЧaЧgap,ЧintoЧwhichЧNancyЧptoceedsЧ
withЧhisЧotiginalЧmeditationЧonЧaЧlteedomЧthatЧisЧnoЧlongerЧaЧsubj ect'sЧotЧ
someone'sЧ lteedomЧ ,heЧ saysЧ datingly.Ч ¨lnЧ thisЧ sense,Ч theЧ stoneЧ isЧ ltee¨Ч
¸Nancy,ЧEx¸s·isncsΘs¸ΘF·ssdsm,Θp. Чr ;)} ) . ΘlnЧmanyЧplaces,Ч butЧmoteЧpattic-
ulatlyЧinЧtheЧchaptetЧtitledЧ¨TheЧSpaceЧLeltЧlteeЧbyЧHeidegget¨Ч ,ibid. ,Чpp. Ч
))
Ώ) , ΘNancyЧditectlyЧorЧinditectlyЧquestionsЧtheЧpatadoxЧolЧthisЧ¨lteeЧspace¨Ч
thatЧ HeideggetЧ maintainsЧ asЧ aЧ motilЧaltetЧ heЧ hasЧ letЧ goЧ olЧtheЧ motilЧolЧ
¨lteedom. ¨ЧlsЧitЧtheЧspace,Ч orЧtheЧplace,Ч inЧwhichЧitЧwouldЧbeЧapptoptiateЧ
toЧengageЧthought·Ч
EndЧolЧthisЧlongЧpatenthesis.Ч
IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
͟ileЧPs·iΘ¸sachësΘisЧ thusЧ aЧtreatiseЧ onЧ theЧ pureЧlileЧolЧtheЧ living,Ч itЧre-
currentlyЧaccordsЧtoЧtouchЧaЧstatusЧthatЧ setsЧ itЧapart.ЧTouchЧmayЧwellЧ existЧ
apartЧlromЧtheЧotherЧsenses,ЧbutЧAristotleЧstressesЧthatЧwithoutЧit,ЧnoЧotherЧ
senseЧwouldЧexistȞЧAsЧhasЧbeenЧnoted,ЧallЧanimalsЧpossessЧthisЧsense,ЧwhichЧ
isЧalsoЧtheЧsenseЧolЧnutrition.Ч
WhyЧisЧitЧthat,ЧunlikeЧtenЧyearsЧlater,ЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧseemЧtoЧhaveЧbeenЧ
preoccupiedЧwithЧtouch-atЧleastЧnotЧasЧaЧthemeЧandЧbyЧthisЧname-atЧtheЧ
timeЧwhenЧheЧwroteЧPs¸chsΘ,iǶƥ?)ЧandЧEgsΘsamΘ,iǶƥǶ), ЧorЧevenЧinЧbrieûǜyЧal-
ludingЧspecihcallyЧtoЧtheЧproblemЧolЧlileЧinЧAristotleȖsЧPs·iΘ¸sachës·Θ
TheЧmaj orЧquestion,ЧatЧtheЧendЧolЧEgsΘsamΘasЧwellЧasЧinЧPs¸chs,ΘseemsЧtoЧ
comeЧtogetherЧunderЧtheЧheadingЧolЧoneЧnoun,Чnamely,Чsx/snsisn,ΘandЧitЧisЧ
anЧincredibleЧextension,Ч thatЧolЧtheЧsoulЧorЧthought.Ч ĽnderscoringЧwhatЧ
isЧ paradoxicalЧ andЧunique,Ч thatЧis,Ч incommensurable,Ч inЧsuchЧanЧexten-
sionЧisЧ atЧissueЧthen.Ч ltЧseemsЧthatЧoneЧcanЧonlyЧtouchЧanЧextendedЧbodyЧ
orЧsomeЧpartЧolЧit,ЧbutЧnotЧeveryЧextensionЧisЧnecessarilyЧtouchable.ЧThereЧ
isЧanЧ intelligibleЧorЧ¸a·s,Θ ssnsi//sΘextension,ЧaЧnonempiricalЧextension. Ч
lsyche'sЧextension-thatЧis,ЧthatЧolЧlsycheЧtheЧcharacterЧinЧPs¸chs-baƨΘ
noЧmeasureЧinЧcommonЧwithЧanything,Ч andЧaboveЧallЧnotЧwithЧanyЧotherЧ
extension.ЧAndЧyet,ЧasЧtheЧtermЧindicatesЧandЧdemands,ЧmustЧ¨lsyche¨ЧnotЧ
shareЧatЧleastЧsomeЧtraitЧwithЧwhatЧoneЧcommonlyЧtermsЧ¨extension, ¨ЧwithЧ
theЧeverydayЧsenseЧolЧextension:ЧTheЧconceptualЧpassage,ЧilЧoneЧmayЧsayЧso,Ч
inЧthisЧargumentationЧbetweenЧtheЧextensionЧolЧtheЧbodyЧ,whichЧisЧeasyЧlorЧ
commonЧsenseЧ toЧapprehend,ЧwhichЧisЧanЧessentialЧattributeЧolЧtheЧcorpo-
realЧsubstanceЧ lorЧ DescartesЧ andЧ theЧ eideticЧ componentЧolЧanyЧmaterialЧ
thingЧandЧanyЧtranscendentЧandЧtangibleЧ·ssΘlorЧHusserl)ЧandЧtheЧextensionЧ
olЧtheЧpsycheЧorЧthinkingЧ,whichЧisЧaЧparadoxicalЧextensionЧresistingЧintu-
ition, Чperception,ЧandЧconsciousness)Ч isЧwhatЧexceedsЧanyЧmeasureЧinЧthemЧ
both-andЧthereloreЧexceedsЧcommonЧmeasure.ЧThatЧisЧtheirЧcommonЧin-
commensurability.Ч ThisЧincommensurability-asЧ incommensurabilityЧolЧ
extension,ЧasЧincommensurabilityЧbetweenЧ twoЧ waysЧ olЧbeingЧextended,Ч
twoЧspacesЧorЧtwoЧspacingsŘgoesЧthroughЧaЧthinkingЧolЧ ¸/csΘ¸/isa} ,ΘasЧaЧ
placeЧ orЧ locusЧ thatЧisЧ reducedЧ neitherЧtoЧobjectiveЧextensionЧ norЧtoЧobjec-
tiveЧspace.ЧThisЧplaceЧmustЧbeЧs¸acingΘbeloreЧitЧisЧspace,Ч itЧmustЧopenЧ anЧ
opening,ЧasЧitЧwere,ЧanЧinterval,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsay anЧapparentlyЧincorporeal,Ч
thoughЧ notЧintelligible,Чextension-thusЧ neitherЧsensibleЧnorЧintelligible.Ч
TheЧmouthЧwouldЧhereЧbeЧthisЧplace,Ч thisЧuniqueЧplace.Ч cavity,Ч gapingЧ
place,Ч chasm,Чabyss,ЧopeningЧ,theseЧwordsЧareЧpartЧolЧNancyƟsЧ lexiconЧinЧ
theseЧpages),ЧholeЧ¸/·sa}
ŚΘ
orih ceЧ,theseЧadditionalЧwordsЧthatЧdoЧnotЧappear,Ч
S¸acingsΘ z;Θ
itЧseems,ЧatЧleastЧnotЧhete,ЧmightЧpointЧtowatdЧothetЧtesoutces) .Ч/ĕaЧuniqueЧ
place,ЧevenЧbeloteЧoneЧdistinguishesЧbetweenЧ/accaΘandЧss,ΘtheЧmouthЧwouldЧ
thusЧbeЧtheЧcommonЧplaceЧolЧtheЧincommensutablesЧinЧquestion,ЧthatЧis,Ч
bodyЧandЧsoulЧ,spititЧotЧmindЧotЧthought) ,ЧandЧsoЧlotth.Ч¨1heЧincommen-
sutableЧextensionЧolЧthinkingЧisЧtheЧopeningЧolЧtheЧmouth¨Ч ,Nancy,Ч ¨ĽnumЧ
quid, ¨Чp. Чi6i) . ř Ǝ Ч
LetЧus ЧnotЧlotgetЧtheЧhųnalЧdemonsttationЧthatЧotientsЧEgsΘsamΘ, aЧwotkЧ
thatЧcanЧbeЧteadЧbothЧasЧaЧnewЧmeditationЧonЧhction,Чh ctitiousness,ЧotЧhc-
tionalityЧatЧwotkЧwithinЧ theЧcsgi/sΘ ¸i. e. , ЧolЧDescattes¦Ч andЧasЧ anЧ expeti-
ence,Ч anЧ expetiment,Ч andЧ anЧ abyssalЧ ¨ptovocation¨Ч olЧwhatЧ isЧ calledЧ theЧ
mouth) .ЧwithoutЧtheЧmouth,ЧoneЧcannotЧconceiveЧolЧtheЧunionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧ
andЧtheЧbody-olЧtheЧ¨commeЧunЧseulЧtout¨ЧinЧtheЧduǗЧdeЧLuynes'sЧttans-
lationЧ,thatЧis,Ч¨seeminglyЧaЧsingleЧwhole, ¨Ч¨aЧquasi-singleЧwhole,¨ЧotЧ¸inЧtheЧ
HaldaneЧandЧRossЧttanslation¦Ч ¨seem¸ing¦Ч toЧcomposeЧwithЧitЧoneЧwhole¨) , Ч
olЧtheЧ ¨conjunctumЧet ЧquasiЧpetmixtum, ¨Чot ЧolЧtheЧ ¨quasiЧ petmixtio. ¨ ř ƵЧ
NancyЧwillЧmakeЧthisЧtheЧobsessiveЧmotilЧolЧhisЧbook-inЧ ttuth,Ч olЧtheЧvetyЧ
sgsΘ samΘ itsell-whileЧtoЧ theЧ¨quasi, ¨ЧtoЧ theЧlableЧolЧthisЧ quasiēhction,ЧheЧ
willЧaccotdЧaЧdecisiveЧauthotityЧotЧaЧdauntingЧpettinence.Ч
SinceЧlЧÛ playingЧatЧttackλngЧdownЧallЧtheЧttopologicalЧusesЧolЧtouch,ЧallЧ
theЧtimesЧNancyЧtesottsЧtoЧit-thisЧtactileЧmetaphotЧotЧmetonymy,ЧwhichЧ
someЧ mayЧ hndЧ hackneyedЧ andЧweaklyЧ invested-itЧ mayЧ beЧ apptoptiateЧ
heteЧtoЧpointЧoutЧthat,Чj ustЧasЧheЧlendsЧallЧtheЧtequisiteЧattentionЧtoЧtheЧduǗЧ
deЧLuynes'sЧttanslationЧolЧtheЧlamousЧpassageЧinЧDescattes'sЧSixthЧMedita-
tion,Ч notablyЧwhenЧitЧttanslets-andЧellaces-theЧqaasiΘltomЧ¨quasiЧpet-
mixtum¨Ч toЧ ¨unumЧ quid, ¨Ч yieldingЧ ¨commeЧ unЧseulЧtout, ¨ ū ƶ ЧheteЧNancyЧ
quasi-touches,Ч ilЧlЧ canЧ putЧ itЧthatЧway,Ч theЧhguteЧotЧttopeЧ ,metaphotЧ otЧ
metonymy)Ч olЧtouchЧasЧilЧwithЧaЧdisttacted,ЧbatelyЧgtazingЧhand.Ч
1 lotϞtheϞLatinϞtext,ϞitϞsays.ϞlϞamϞquasi-intetmixedϞwithϞmyϞbody,ϞsoϞthatϞalongϞ
withϞit,Ϟ lϞ makeϞupϞaϞcettainϞunity-somethingϞlikeϞaϞ ¨unumϞ quid. ŭϞTheϞdis-
placementϞŢolϞqaasi}˰doesϞnotϞtoach˰onϞanythingϞimpottant,ϞandϞitϞisϞinϞdepen-
denceϞonϞqaai˰thatϞtheϞLatinϞanam˰qaid˰isϞthought,ϞilϞnotϞ¸gtammatic͗ly|Ϟ con-
sttucted.Ϟ lndeed,Ϟ DescattesϞ wtoteϞthisϞanam˰qaid,˰ andϞweϞ shall,Ϟ soϞtoϞspeak,Ϟ
keepϞoutϞeyesϞh xedϞonϞit.Ϟ ,Nancy,Ϟ ¨UnumϞquid, ¨Ϟp˪ Ϟ˳,,)Ϟ
TheЧemphasisЧ onЧ ¨touch¨Ч isЧ mine. Ч Hete,Ч ¨toЧtouch¨Ч meansЧ toЧ sayЧtoЧ
tampetЧwith,ЧtoЧchange,ЧtoЧdisplace,ЧtoЧcallЧintoЧquestion,ЧthusЧitЧisЧinvati-
ablyЧaЧ settingЧinЧmotion,ЧaЧ kineticЧ expetience.Ч lЧwouldЧlutthetЧnoteЧthatЧ
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
theЧmetaphotЧolЧsightЧmayЧnotЧbeЧmoteЧsttictlyЧapptoptiateЧheteЧthanЧtheЧ
metaphotЧ olЧtouch,Ч yetЧ itЧ isЧ onlyЧ withЧ tespectЧ toЧ theЧ ¨eyesЧ hxed¨Ч thatЧ
NancyЧconsidetsЧthatЧheЧcanЧdecentlyЧmakeЧaЧconcessionǹЧ¨Ч . . . Ч weЧshall,ЧssΘ
/sΘs¸sa/,ΘkeepЧoutЧeyesЧhǙxedЧonЧit. ¨Ч
WeЧ ateЧnotЧthtoughЧwithЧ thisЧ question, ЧwhichЧ isЧtoЧsay,ЧwithЧknowingЧ
whethetЧtheЧ¨quasi¨ЧolЧtheЧ ¨quasiЧ petmixtio¨Ч olЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbodyЧisЧ
seen, ЧotЧwhethetЧitЧisЧtathetЧtouchedЧotЧletsЧitsellЧbeЧtouched.ЧAsЧ aЧc|oseЧ
gameЧwillЧplayЧitsellЧoutЧbetweenЧtheseЧotih ces,ЧthatЧis,ЧtheЧmouthЧandЧtheЧ
eyes,Ч theseЧquasi-placelessЧplaces,Ч theseЧbotdetedЧopenings,Ч theseЧgitdledЧ
spacings,ЧthatƉsЧoneЧolЧtheЧteasonsЧwhyЧweЧbeganЧwithЧtheЧsceneЧolЧtheЧkissЧ
onЧtheЧmouth-otЧonЧtheЧeyes,ЧbetweenЧsingleЧeyesЧonly,Ч makingЧeyes,ЧeyeЧ
toЧeye,ЧeyeЧonЧeyeģЧ
1heЧ commonЧ incommensutabi|ityЧ ,ilЧ thisЧ exptessionЧ makesЧ sense) ,Ч
commonЧ toЧ thinkingЧandЧ extension,Ч thisЧ incommensutabilityЧolЧwhichЧ
theyЧpattakeЧandЧwhichЧwillЧallowЧoneЧtoЧsayЧthatЧtheЧ¸s¸chsΘisΘsx/sndsdΘ
comesЧdownЧtoЧ theЧ ¨quasiЧ petmixtio¨Ч olЧtheЧ union. ЧWhatЧisЧ it:ЧTheЧmix-
ingЧotЧtheЧ¨quasi¨Ч -theЧ¨asЧil¨ЧolЧthisЧmixing:ЧShallЧlЧbeЧgoingЧtooЧlatЧmy-
sellЧinЧtendetingЧotЧleigningЧtoЧtendetЧtheЧlullЧvalueЧolЧtheЧhguteЧolЧtheЧsx-
s·/i/an/ΘthatЧimptessesЧitsellЧonЧNancyЧwhenЧheЧdesctibesЧtheЧellectsЧolЧtheЧ
incommensutable,ЧanЧincommensutableЧthatЧisЧ absolutelyЧunique,Чsingu-
lat,Ч andЧitteplaceable,Ч allЧ atЧtheЧ sameЧ time-andЧyetЧ commonЧ toЧ moteЧ
thanЧoneЧincommensutable,ЧheteЧtoЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbody:Ч
SoЧletЧusЧtead,ЧletЧusЧsee,ЧandЧletЧusЧlistenЧtoЧtheЧ¨exotbitant,¨ЧtoЧexotbi-
tantЧthinking.ЧWeЧ shallЧoltenЧbeЧableЧtoЧveti¦ЧthatЧNancyЧisЧtheЧthinketЧolЧ
theЧsxs·/i/an/ΘandЧsxac/i/adsΘatЧtheЧsameЧtime,ЧevenЧilЧtheseЧtwoЧvaluesЧseemЧ
antagonistic,Ч atЧ times,Ч toЧ anyoneЧ inЧ aЧhutty.Ч llЧtheteЧ isЧ anyЧantagonism,Ч
thenЧitЧisЧ /snssʯΘi/ΘisΘ /ha/Θ/saa·dΘahichΘNancy'sЧexigencyЧotЧhisЧvetyЧethicsЧ
/snǰΘ ExactitudeЧisЧ exttemeЧexigency.Ч letЧusЧ tetmЧ itЧanЧ exotbitantЧexacti-
tude-hisЧown,ЧhisЧsignatute-otЧtathet,ЧexactitudeЧlaithlulЧtoЧtheЧexcessЧ
olЧtheЧexotbitant.ЧWithЧtheЧsttictestЧptobity,Ч heЧgoesЧtoЧtheЧexotbitant'sЧap-
pointmentЧ ¸ilЧseЧtendЧ. . . Ч auЧtendezēvousЧ deЧl'Чexotbitant¦ .Ч WeЧ tecallЧthatЧ
theЧconceptЧolЧtheЧ¨ex-sctibed¨Ч,aЧwotdЧthatЧNancyЧlotmedЧotЧcoined)ЧhndsЧ
itse|lЧincteasinglyЧinsctibedЧatЧtheЧheattЧandЧinmostЧcoteЧolЧthisЧwtitingЧthatЧ
thinks.ЧtheteЧtemainsЧaЧneedЧtoЧwondetЧaboutЧtheЧbody,Ч theЧlotce,ЧtheЧcom-
pulsiveЧ dtiveЧthatЧ setsЧ thisЧ syllableЧ sxΘ inЧ motionЧ andЧ keepsЧ itЧ alive.Ч OlЧ
coutse,ЧweЧshallЧhaveЧtoЧconhguteЧthisЧsyllableЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧaЧwholeЧ
thinkingЧolЧex-pulsion,Чex-ptession,ЧoutwatdЧex-ctetion-thisЧthinkingЧit-
S¸acingsΘ zʤΘ
se|lЧconditionsЧtheЧ¨senseЧolЧ theЧwotld¨Ч-andЧwithЧtheЧthinkingЧolЧ¨excess¨Ч
thatЧ¨inexotably¨ЧpushesЧoutwatdly,Ч untilЧitЧisЧ/h·saingΘotЧ¸sȬissningΘ,eject-
ing,Чdej ecting,Ч objecting,Ч abjecting)Ч theЧego'sЧsubj ectivityЧintoЧsx/s·is·i/¸. ʙ ĻΘ
1heЧoutlineЧolЧthisЧdiscoutseЧadj oinsЧcettainЧptopositionsЧbyЧlaulЧŇalĚty,Ч inЧ
¨ßouche¨Ч ¸Mouth¦ ,Ч' ʡ ΘasЧwellЧasЧ Heidegget'sЧ thinkingЧonЧ ʼsasͰnhsi/,Θ onЧ
anЧ¨openingЧinЧandЧthtoughЧwhichЧıЧisЧindeedЧptopetlyЧ/h·sanŗΘ , Nancy,Ч
¨ĽnumЧquid, ¨Чpp. Чi 6zĞ6Ĭ) . ЧHeteЧNancyЧundetscotesЧtheЧttait,ЧotЧmoteЧex-
actlyЧtheЧttacedЧoutlineЧotЧ/·acings,Θ olЧthisЧextetiotizationЧolЧextetiotity.ЧAl-
teady,Ч theЧmovementЧinЧsxʊ isЧscotedЧasЧ aЧsottЧ olЧwtiting,ЧandЧtheЧconceptЧ
olЧtheЧsxʋsc·i/sdΘinЧteheatsal,ЧalthoughЧitЧwillЧonlyЧappeatЧundetЧthisЧnameЧ
latetЧon,ЧtoЧunsettleЧevetyЧphenomenologyЧolЧtouch.Ч
TheϞsubjectϞgivesϞwayϞinϞthisϞabyssalϞchasmȯϞ8utϞegoϞuttetsϞitsellϞinϞit.ϞegoϞex-
tetiotizesϞitsellϞthete,ϞwhichϞdoesϞnotϞsigni[ϞthatϞitϞcattiesϞtoϞtheϞoutsideϞtheϞ
visibleϞ laceϞolϞanϞinvisibleϞintetiot.ϞThisϞ litetallyϞsignihesϞ thatϞegoϞ makesϞ otϞ
makesϞitsellϞexteriorit,,˰spacingϞolϞplaces,ϞdistancingϞandϞsttangenessϞthatϞmakeϞ
upϞplace,ϞandϞthusϞspaceϞitsell,Ϟ htstϞspatialityϞolϞtheϞtrƀcings˰olϞaϞvetitableϞout-
lineϞ inϞwhich-asϞ inϞ noϞ othet-egoϞ mayϞ comeϞ lotth,Ϟ ttaceϞ itsellϞout,Ϟ andϞ
thinkϞitsellȯϞ , Nancy,Ϟ ŔUnumϞquid,¨Ϟp. Ϟi6,)Ϟ
AsЧweЧshallЧnoteЧ inЧ aЧmoment,ЧitЧisЧ inЧthisЧteʆexiveЧ loldЧ ,¨ttaceЧ i/ss{Θ
out, ¨Ч ¨thinkЧ i/ss{ŗ)Θ thatЧ theЧ questionЧ olЧtouch,Ч olЧ ¨sell-touching, ¨Ч hasЧ
takenЧupЧ tesidenceЧbelotehand.ЧAndЧonЧtheЧscoteЧolЧsx-,Θ letЧmeЧalsoЧ teletЧ
toЧ theЧ tematkableЧpassageЧ thatЧ dtawsЧ awayЧ theЧ ¨modetnЧsubj ect, ¨Ч thatЧis,Ч
theЧCattesianЧsubject,ЧltomЧanyЧlacultyЧandЧanyЧsubstantiality.Ч¨CattesianЧ
expetienceЧisЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧsa/ΘwithoutЧanyЧstasisЧotЧstance.ЧƻpЧtoЧtheЧ
endЧandЧwithoutЧanyЧtesetveЧ,sx¸s·is·) ,Θsa/ΘtestsЧwhatЧitЧcanЧbe.ЧEgoЧisЧtheЧ
ptoolЧolЧsa/sxŗΘ ,ibid. , Чp. Чi ;?) ŎЧ
1hisЧ comesЧ downЧ toЧ ,andЧgoesЧ withoutЧsaying-butЧ thatЧ willЧ beЧsaidЧ
latet)ЧanothetЧwayЧolЧapptoachingЧexɘistence.Ч
lnЧtheЧpassageЧthatЧlЧwasЧptepatingЧtoЧquote,ЧtheseЧlastЧwotdsЧinЧsxΘcomeЧ
pteciselyЧtoЧcottespondЧwithЧtheЧlogicЧandЧtheЧtopologicalЧsetupЧolЧtheЧsx-
s·/i/an/,ΘolЧtheЧ¨inexotably¨Чexotbitant.Ч
TheteϞisϞnoϞmeƀsare˰toϞexpectϞhete.ϞTheϞincommensutableϞisϞwhatϞmakesϞpos-
sibleϞtheϞŔquasiϞpetmixtio¨ϞolϞtheϞunion,Ϟ makingϞitϞaϞthinkingϞthatϞisϞincomƩ
mensutableϞitsell,ϞthatϞisϞexotbitantϞinϞtelationϞtoϞthinking.ϞlnϞtheϞŔquasiϞpet-
mixtio, ¨ϞthinkingϞis˰extended˰
ThisϞ mayϞhaveϞ beenϞwhatϞ lteudϞ sensedϞwhenϞ heϞwtoteϞinϞ aϞposthumousϞ
note.ϞŔTheϞpsycheϞisϞextended,ϞknowsϞnothingϞaboutϞit. ¨ϞSuchϞaϞthoughtϞcouldϞ
żhisΘIs-sĦΘ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
cımeϞtıϞɁőeudϞınlyϞbecauseϞheϞwasϞthinkingϞagainstϞtheϞCattesianϞsubject.Ϟ8utϞ
thisϞthıughtϞalsıϞŔcameŭϞ tıϞ Ǯescattes,ϞandϞinϞǮescattesϞ asϞinϞɁteud,ϞitϞinex-
ıtablyϞtipsϞıvet,Ϟf͓ΚlingϞıutside,ϞexceedingϞanyϞpsychıćĈćʴɸΉɸ.Ϟ ,Nan͝,ϞŔUnumϞ
quid,¨Ϟp. Ϟi6i)ĕ
I ò
ɯencelotthЧtheteЧ ateЧ twoЧ questions,Ч /asΘ /sč/sΘinΘ /imsΘatЧleast,Ч lotЧtheЧ
sameЧquestion.Ч
Fi·s/džΘ howЧdoЧtwoЧincommensutabilitiesȝolЧpsychicalЧthinkingЧandЧolЧ
theЧbody-uniteЧinЧanЧextensionЧthatЧisЧitsellЧincommensutable:ЧAtЧthisЧ
stageЧolЧtheЧquestion,Ч ƺancy'sЧanswetЧisЧotiginalЧyetЧcleatЧandЧdeveloped,Ч
andЧevenЧinsistent.ЧltЧisЧcontainedЧinЧaЧsingleЧwotdЧ,itsellЧobscuteЧandЧgapţ
ing) .Ч mouth-embouchuteЧolЧtheЧmouth,ЧotiginatyЧspacingЧolЧaЧmouthЧ
openingЧ,i/ss{)Θ betweenЧtheЧlipsЧandЧatЧtheЧothet'sЧbteasts.Ч ltЧmayЧbeЧnecţ
essatyЧheteЧtoЧdistinguishЧbetweenЧsx/snsisnΘandЧs¸čcing.Θ
ßutЧsscsnƉµ,Θ asЧ theЧ questionЧ isЧ genetatedЧ aЧsecondЧ timeЧ ,thatЧ is,ЧwhatЧ
aboutЧtouchЧinЧallЧthis:ЧɯowЧdoesЧthisЧdoubleЧextensionЧtouchЧotЧscʚtouch:Ч
lsЧitЧopenedЧbyЧbeingЧtouchedĘtouchingЧi/ss{·)dž ΘitsЧanswetЧstillЧappeatsЧel-
liptical,Чvittual,Ч andЧptethematicЧinЧEgsΘsam.Θ1hat'sЧmyЧhypothesis,Ч andЧlЧ
wouldЧlikeЧtoЧ suppottЧitЧwithЧaЧlewЧquotations.Ч
Fi·s/Θagain,Ч thetelote. ЧtheЧ mouth'sЧ answetЧtoЧ theЧhtstЧquestionЧ isЧ heldЧ
betweenЧ aЧ nonspeakingЧ mouthЧ ,/accč,Θ withoutЧ theЧ otalityЧolЧss)Θ andЧ aЧ
mouthЧthatЧstattsЧ detachingЧitsellЧltomЧtheЧ bteastЧ andЧisЧajatЧevenЧbeloteЧ
theЧ¨otalЧstage. ¨ЧßeatingЧtime,ЧtheЧopeningЧolЧtheЧmouthЧtespondsЧtoЧtheЧ
lipsЧ moving-theЧothet'sЧ lips,Ч theЧ mothet'sЧ lipsЧ atЧ bitth,Ч thenЧ mine,Ч ilЧlЧ
mayЧsayЧso-alwaysЧ neatestЧtoЧbitthЧintoЧ theЧwotld,Ч andЧltomЧaЧmothet,ЧaЧ
nounЧandЧ nameЧ ƺancyЧ nevetЧ ptonounces.Ч lsn'tЧbitthЧ intoЧ theЧwotldЧ theЧ
htstЧexčpulsion:Ч1heЧwotdЧ¨mothet¨Ч doesЧ notЧ appeat,Ч despiteЧƺancy'sЧob-
vious,Ч explicitЧteletenceЧtoЧhetЧ,atЧtheЧtimeЧolЧbitthЧandЧnutsing) ,Ч despiteЧ
hisЧteletenceЧtoЧtheЧedgesЧolЧtheЧotihƿce,ЧtoЧtheЧlipsЧpattingЧandЧopeningЧtheЧ
passageЧlotЧtheЧnewbotnЧ,theЧlabiaЧbetweenЧtheЧmothet'sЧlegsЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧ
inlantƉsЧlipsЧinЧtheitЧ htstЧcty) ,Ч despiteЧhisЧteletenceЧtoЧtheЧ bteastsЧ pattingЧ
theЧnutsling'sЧmouth.Ч, ƺoteЧtheЧeatlietЧteletenceЧtoЧaЧsilentЧphotogtaphЧolЧ
theЧsttetched-out,Чsx/snƉsƉΘmothetЧ ¸inЧ¨WhenЧOutЧEyesЧ1ouch, ¨Чn. Чz} . ) Θ
Why:ЧllЧi tЧi sЧtheЧmothet,Чi nЧanyЧcase,ЧwhoЧopensЧtheЧbotdetingЧedgesЧasЧ
wellЧasЧtheЧlipsЧolЧaЧmouthЧh tstЧdesctibedЧasЧanЧopening,ЧthenЧ thisЧhappensЧ
beloteЧanyЧh gute-notЧbeloteЧanyЧidentihcation,ЧbutЧbeloteЧanyЧ¨identih-
cationЧwithЧaЧlace, ¨ЧasЧaЧlatetЧtematkЧspeciȇesƢЧ
ltЧisЧtheЧopeningЧthatЧincommensutabilizes̀theteЧwheteЧitЧ_ ȝč}Θ spacesЧ
ɂtsellЧout.Ч1heЧmouthЧisЧč/Θ/hsΘsčmsΘ/imsΘplaceЧandЧnonplace,ЧitЧisЧtheЧlocusЧ
S¸acingsΘ z)Θ
olЧaЧdis-location,Ч theЧgapingЧplaceЧ olЧtheЧ¨quasiЧpetmixtio¨Ч betweenЧ soulЧ
andЧbody,Ч whichЧ isЧtoЧsayЧtheЧincommensutableЧextensionЧbetweenЧ themЧ
andЧcommonЧtoЧboth,ЧsinceЧtheЧmouth-anyЧmouth,ЧbeloteЧanyЧotalityŀ
opensЧanЧ opening.ЧMoteЧspecihcally,Ч asЧ aЧsell-opening,Ч itЧ spacesЧitsellЧout,Ч
¨opensЧ,i/ss{) ¨ ΘandЧ¨distendsЧ,i/ss{) ¨ Θ,myЧemphasis) .Ч
TheϞincommensutableϞextensionϞofϞthinkingϞisϞtheϞopeningϞofϞtheϞmouth.ϞTbeϞ
mouthϞ thatϞopensϞ ,itself) , ϞfotmingϞ¨ego¨Ϟ,othetϞlipsϞhadϞalteadyϞopenedϞtoϞdeƩ
livetϞintoϞtheϞwotldϞthisϞ ¨me, ¨ϞwhenϞitϞgaveϞaϞhtstϞcty),Ϟ isϞtheϞplaceϞotϞlocusϞofϞ
theϞunion,Ϟ inasmuchϞasϞ thisϞ unionϞopensϞ ,itseq)˰ andϞdistendsϞ ɾΊtseΝ)-andϞ
thusϞ¨unumϞquid¨ϞcomesϞabout.ϞThisϞplaceϞisϞnotϞaϞp|aceϞandϞyetϞitϞisϞnotϞoutϞ
ofϞplace.ϞWithinϞplace,ϞinϞtheϞextensionϞofϞaϞface,ϞitϞmakesϞupϞaϞgapingϞnonplace,Ϟ
aϞgapingϞnoncaseϞ ¸̳Ϟ/éance˰d'an˰nonǵ/iea¦ .˰ lnϞthisϞnonplaceϞandϞnoncase,Ϟhgȃ
uteϞ ,thatϞis,Ϟ extension,Ϟmeasute)Ϟ andϞh gutelessnessϞ ,thatϞ is,Ϟ thoughtϞwithoutϞ
measute)Ϟadj oinϞandϞdistinguishϞthemselves,ϞtheyϞateϞadjoinedϞthtoughϞtheitϞ
distinction.ϞTheϞlocusϞofϞtheϞuttetingϞisϞfotmedϞbyϞtheϞintetnalϞdis-locationϞofϞ
thisϞteunion.Ϟ , Nancy,Ϟ¨UnumϞquid, ¨Ϟp. Ϟi6i)Ϟ
lЧdon'tЧbelieveЧthatЧtheЧsaidЧopeningЧs¸ss{Θ,¨opensЧ _i/ss{}Θ andЧdistendsЧ
_i/ss{¦ ¨)Θ signihesЧ autonomyЧotЧauto-allection. Ч1heЧ nonplace-noncaseЧolЧ
thisЧplaceЧisЧalsoЧopenedЧbyЧtheЧothet.ЧA//Θa/ΘsncsΘauto-ahectedЧandЧheteto-
allected,Ч unitingЧ bothЧ allectionsЧ likeЧ twoЧlips,Ч itЧ letsЧ itsellЧbeЧ openedŀ
henceЧ¨thoughtЧwithoutЧmeasute, ¨ЧhenceЧtheЧincommensutable,ЧhenceЧthatЧ
whichЧ seeminglyЧ comesЧ toЧ pass,Ч hete,Ч betweenЧ AtistotleЧ andЧ Descattes.Ч
NancyЧgoesЧon,ЧmakingЧhisЧonlyЧteletenceЧtoЧAtistotle'sЧPs·iΘ¸sachës. Θ
TbeϞ¸sachs˰ofϞtheϞancientsϞwasϞlocalized-whichevetϞitsϞbodilyϞotganϞmightϞ
be. ϞAtistotle'sϞ¸sachs-a˰substanceϞ šinϞtheϞsenseϞofϞfotm|Ϟ ofϞaϞlivingϞbodyā
wasϞunitedϞwithϞtheϞbodyϞlikeϞ¨waxϞandϞtbeϞshapeϞgivenϞtoϞit. ¨ϞTheϞCattesianϞ
soulϞ,whoseϞdetailedϞstudyϞwouldϞfutthetmoteϞshowϞsevetalϞttaitsϞcattiedϞovetϞ
ftomϞ thoseϞ ttaditions) ,ϞasϞtheϞsoulϞofϞtheϞ oneϞwhoseϞ beingϞitϞisϞtoϞuttet,Ϟ takesϞ
upϞthisϞplace-nonplace-noncaseϞofϞtbeϞmouthϞopeningϞandϞclosingϞuponϞ ¨egoϞ
sum, ¨Ϟ thenϞ openingϞ andϞ closingϞaϞ secondϞtimeϞatϞonce,Ϟ tepeating,Ϟ notϞ teȃ
peating,Ϟ ¨egoϞ existo. ¨ ϞThisϞ doubleϞ beatϞ uttetsϞ theϞsubj ect,Ϟ itϞ uttetsϞ itselfϞasϞ
subj ect. Ϟ
8utϞaϞmouthϞisϞneithetϞaϞsubstanceϞnotϞaϞhgute.ϞBaccaŢa˰latet,ϞmoteϞttivȃ
ialϞtetm-isϞnotϞos.˰, Nancy,Ϟ ¨UnumϞquid,¨Ϟpp.Ϟ i6i-6z)Ϟ
HeteЧNancyЧwotksЧonЧsevetalЧhgutes,ЧamongЧsevetalЧhgutesЧolЧtheЧhgute,Ч
whichЧ isЧtoЧ sayЧolЧaЧkindЧolЧhctionalityЧ andЧaЧkindЧolЧlacticityЧolЧ¸ngs·s.Θ
loutЧhgutesЧ olЧtheЧhgute,ЧatЧleast,ЧbelongЧtoЧ thisЧsemanticЧconhgutation.Ч
)
oΘ żhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
I . liguteЧasЧ theЧlotmЧolЧextension. Ч NancyЧ hasЧj ustЧsaid.Ч ¨hguteЧ ĩthatЧis,Ч
extension,Чmeasute)ЧandЧhgutelessnessЧĩthatЧis,ЧthoughtЧwithoutЧmeasute) ¨, Ч
z. ЧliguteЧasЧlashion-wayЧolЧlashioning,ЧlashionЧolЧtheЧmakingЧandЧdo-
ingЧ_¸ȡsnΘdsΘ¸i·sšΘ¸ȡsnΘdaΘ¸i·s¦ ĈΘ
)
.Θ liguteЧasЧ ttope,Ч
|.ΘliguteЧasЧvisageЧ_¸csſΘ otЧlaceЧ ċ·isags¦ .Θ
1heseЧ hgutesЧ ateЧ insctibedЧwithinЧ oneЧ anothet,Ч asЧ whenЧ theЧ laceЧ be-
comesЧaЧmetonymyЧlotЧtheЧmouth,ЧlotЧexample.Ч ¨ßutЧaЧmouthЧisЧ neithetЧ
aЧsubstanceЧnotЧaЧhʏ gute.ЧBacca-aΘlatet,ЧmoteЧttivialЧtetm-isЧnotЧss.ΘOs,Θ
s·is,Θ theЧ mouthЧ olЧotality,Ч isЧ theЧ laceЧ itsellЧtakenЧ asЧ metonymyЧlotЧ thisЧ
mouthЧitЧsuttounds,Ч catties,ЧandЧmakesЧvisible,Ч theЧplaceЧthtoughЧwhichЧ
allЧkindsЧolЧsubstancesЧpass,ЧandЧhtstЧolЧallЧtheЧaityЧsubstanceЧolЧdiscoutse¨Ч
ĩibid. , Чp.Ч i6z) .Ч
Similatly,ЧtheЧsell-telationЧolЧaЧmouthЧthatЧ¨opensЧ,itsell) ¨ЧotЧ¨spacesЧit-
sellЧout¨ЧdtawsЧtheЧhguteЧolЧtheЧmouthЧbeloteЧanyЧhguteЧasЧvisageЧĩotality)Ч
andЧbeloteЧanyЧidentihcationЧwithЧaЧ,matetnal)ЧlaceǐЧ
TheϞlteudianϞchildϞ,lϞwon'tϞsayϞtheϞsubject)ϞisϞnotϞinitiatedϞinϞanϞȆotalϞstage. ¨Ϟ
litstϞolϞallϞheϞotϞsheϞopensϞēntoϞaϞmouth,ϞtheϞopenϞmouthϞolϞaϞscteam,ϞbutϞalsoϞ
theϞclosedϞmouthϞatϞtheϞbteast,ϞwithϞwhichϞitϞisϞattachedϞinϞanϞidentihcationϞ
moteϞancientϞthanϞanyϞidentihcationϞwithϞaϞlace-asϞwellϞasϞtheϞmouthϞslightlyϞ
open,ϞdetachingϞitsellϞltomϞtheϞbteast,ϞinϞaϞhtstϞsmile,Ϟ aϞhtstϞlunnyϞlace,ϞtheϞluƩ
tuteϞolϞwhichϞisϞ thinking.ϞTheϞmouthϞisϞ theϞopeningϞolϞego,ϞegoϞ isϞ theϞopeningϞ
olϞtheϞmouth.ϞAndϞthete,ϞwhatϞcomesϞtoϞpassϞisϞthatϞitϞspacesϞitsellϞoutϞˡcsΘqai˰
sƸ˰¸asse˰cśesː˰qaśi/˰sƸ es¸aceȡ .˰ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟi6z)Ϟ
Sscsndµ.ΘNowheteЧinЧtheЧanalysisЧthatЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧlollowedЧĩinЧtheЧlastЧ
pagesЧolЧEgsΘ samΘ andЧtheЧ teletenceЧ toЧlteud'sЧ¨1heЧpsycheЧisЧ extended,Ч
knowsЧnothingЧaboutЧit¨) ,ЧdoЧweЧencountetЧanyЧallusionЧtoЧtouch,ЧatЧleastЧ
undetЧthisЧname,Ч sinceЧallЧthatЧtheЧmouthЧdoesЧbeloteЧotality,Ч allЧ thatЧisЧ
abundantlyЧevokedЧheteЧ ,eating,Ч sucking,Ч spitting,ЧandЧsoЧlotth)Ч isЧhatdlyЧ
loteignЧtoЧtactility.Ч ßutЧ theЧwotdЧ ¨touching¨ЧisЧnotЧmentionedЧandЧ¨sell-
touching¨ЧevenЧless. ЧltЧlutthetЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧthatЧthisЧisЧtheЧcaseЧthtoughoutЧ
thisЧ book,Ч ltomЧ beginningЧ toЧ end,Ч despiteЧ itsЧ pteoccupationЧ withЧ theЧ
ptoblemЧolЧssn/i·,Θ¨leeling,¨Ч¨sensing, ¨ЧandЧnotЧj ustЧinЧtheЧCattesianЧsenseЧ
S¸acingsΘ Ĭ iЧ
olЧtheЧwotdЧ ,see,Чe. g. ,Ч ibid. ,Ч p.Ч iĬ6) . Ч1hisЧ isЧaЧdecisiveЧpoint,ЧsinceЧNancyЧ
datinglyЧ,isn'tЧitЧtisky:)ЧinsctibesЧDescattes'sЧssn/i·ΘandЧhisЧ¨ptopetlyЧspeak-
ingЧitЧisЧwhatЧisЧinЧmeЧcalledЧleeling¨Ч undetЧtheЧheadingЧolЧhction. Ч
. . . ˰ et˰_sic¦˰ certe˰cidere˰cideorţǕŝro¸erƥ˰speaɮngϞitϞisϞwhatϞisϞinϞmeϞcalledϞleel-
ing¨.Ϟ ptoolϞthatϞthisϞɴe/ing˰mosŐ˰¸ro¸er,˰mostϞ¸ro¸erƥ˰speakingϞ,evidenceϞitselͨϞ
d opposedϞtoϞanyϞsyllogism) ,ϞtestingϞonϞleintϞotϞconsistingϞentitelyϞolϞit,ϞalsoϞimœ
pliesϞ nothingϞbutϞtheϞhctionϞthatϞletsϞitϞbeϞestablishedȭϞ MoteϞespecially,Ϟ itϞthusϞ
impliesϞnothingϞasϞtoϞtheϞtealϞnatuteϞolϞtheϞsubjectϞolϞthisϞleeling,ϞitϞthusϞimpliesϞ
neithetϞtheϞ¨spititualityŭϞ notϞtheϞ¨cotpotealityŭϞ olϞthisϞsubject.Ϟ ,ibid.,Ϟp. Ϟ i,6. )Ϟ
SoЧitЧmayЧbe. Чßut,ЧltomЧDescattes'sЧpointЧolЧview˯Ч canЧoneЧsayЧtheЧsameЧ
olЧthisЧ¨leelingЧonesellЧleel¨Ч _ssΘssn/i·Θssn/i·¦ ,Θ theЧtatgetЧhete,Ч noЧdoubt,Ч olЧ
theЧ¨ptopetly¨ЧandЧ theЧ ¨mostЧptopet, ¨ЧwhichЧlЧ leltЧlЧ hadЧ toЧ emphasize:Ч
lsn'tЧthisЧtheЧplaceЧwheteЧitЧallЧplaysЧitsellЧout:Чlsn'tЧitЧinЧthisЧplaceЧolЧteap-
ptoptiationЧthatЧtheЧsimple,ЧphenomenologicalЧdimensionЧolЧ¨sensing, ¨ЧolЧ
¨leelingЧthatЧ oneЧ leels, ¨ЧolЧ¨leelingЧonesellЧleel, ¨ЧspititualizesЧotЧdecotpo-
tealizesЧexpetience:ЧltЧlollowsЧthat-atЧleastЧlotЧDescattes-puteЧleeling,Ч
¨leelingЧonesellЧleel , ¨ЧwouldЧindeedЧbeЧspititualЧandЧnotЧatЧallЧcotpoteal.Ч
MutatisЧmutandis,Ч thisЧwouldЧbeЧtheЧsameЧlotЧtheЧanalogousЧmomentЧinЧ
Hussetl'sЧphenomenology.Ч
AndЧ NancyЧ isЧ thusЧ notЧ namingЧ touchЧ hete.Ч AndЧ yet-canЧ itЧ beЧ in-
signih cantЧthatЧonceЧinЧthisЧbookЧ,onlyЧonce,ЧilЧlЧamЧnotЧmistaken) ,Ч asЧilЧ
disttactedlyЧotЧthetotically,Ч heЧseemsЧtoЧ letЧescapeЧaЧ¨touchesЧitsell¨Ч thatЧ
looksЧlikeЧoneЧolЧthoseЧdeadЧotЧhackneyedЧmetaphotsЧwhoseЧappeatanceЧlЧ
haveЧvowed,Ч inЧ aЧway,Ч nevetЧtoЧ neglectЧ hete:Ч ltЧallЧleadsЧ oneЧ toЧthinkЧthatЧ
Nancy-heteЧ atЧleast-doesЧ notЧ atttibuteЧanyЧdecisiveЧ/hsma/icΘotЧ¸·s/-
/sma/icΘimpottanceЧtoЧthis.Ч1heЧexptessionЧappeatsЧonlyЧonce,ЧNancyЧnei-
thetЧundetscotesЧnotЧanalĿБesЧit,ЧheЧneithetЧintettogatesЧnotЧtelaunchesЧitЧ
inЧanyЧway.ЧAndЧyet-isЧitЧlottuitousЧthatЧthisЧ¨touchesЧitsell¨ЧshouldЧap-
peatЧheteЧtegatdingЧtheЧ¨mouth, ¨ЧwhoseЧ¨place, ¨Чspacing,Ч locusЧ withoutЧ
locus,ЧplaceЧwithoutЧplace,ЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧconsideted:Ч lsЧitЧlottuitousЧ thatЧ
theЧsubjectЧolЧthisЧ¨touchesЧitsell¨ЧisЧpteciselyЧtheЧvetyЧsubjectЧitsell,ЧIbutЧ
aЧlacelessЧı,Ч evenЧaЧbodylessЧǔΘ sxcs¸/ΘlotЧwhatЧisЧmouthlikeЧinЧit:Ч
ßeloteЧweЧaskЧoutselvesЧwhatЧhappensЧthen,ЧletЧmeЧquoteЧanЧexcetpt,ЧatЧ
least,ЧltomЧtheseЧpagesЧandЧtheitЧample,ЧtightЧwebbing,ЧwhichЧoneЧshouldЧ
teconstituteЧeachЧtimeЧ,onceЧandЧlotЧall,ЧletЧusЧheteЧtecallЧthisЧduty,ЧwhichЧ
isЧasЧimpetativeЧasЧitЧisЧunwotkable) .ЧAtoundЧaЧcettaănЧ¨l¨ЧthatЧ¨touchesЧit-
sell¨Ч ,otЧhimsellЧotЧhetsell)Ч otЧ¨isЧ touched¨Ч _ ˊsΘseЧtoucheЧ » . . Ч ¦ , ΘheteЧisЧaЧ


)
zΘ żhisΘIs-sĦΘ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
¨lacelessЧmouth, ¨ЧbutЧ alsoЧ theЧwotds.Ч ¨ßutЧthatЧ isЧstillЧsayingЧtooЧ much, ¨Ч
which,ЧwithЧtheЧnextЧsttokeЧ _/·ai/} ,ΘseemЧteadyЧtoЧtettactЧeachЧwotd-te-
ttactingЧitЧeithetЧbyЧellacingЧitЧotЧinЧotdetЧtoЧ neuttalizeЧitsЧliteta|ityЧbyЧdintЧ
olЧttopes.ЧAndЧheteЧagain,ЧitЧisЧtheЧptedicateЧopenĘclosedЧthatЧisЧ decisiveЧ
ovetallЧ,theЧ¨mouth¨Ч thusЧbecomesЧthatЧwhich,ЧbyЧopening,Ч hasЧ¨theЧlookЧ
otЧtheЧshapeЧolЧaЧmouth¨) .Ч
UnumϞ quidŅϞ aϞsomethingϞthatϞisϞneithet-soul-notŰbody,Ϟ opensϞitsϞmouthϞ andϞ
ptonouncesϞotϞconceivesϞ¨egoϞsum. ¨Ϟ8utϞthatϞisϞstillϞ sayingϞtooϞmuch.Ϟ UnumϞ
quidϞhas˰noϞ mouthϞ thatϞitϞcouldϞ manipulateϞandϞopen,ϞanyϞmoteϞthanϞanϞinƄ
telligenceϞthatϞitϞcouldϞexetciseϞtoϞteͳectϞuponϞitsell.ϞYetϞsomething-unumϞ
quid-opensϞ,itϞthusϞhasϞtheϞlookϞotϞtheϞshapeϞolϞaϞmouth)ϞandϞthisϞopeningϞ
isϞatticulatedϞ,itϞthusϞhasϞtheϞlookϞolϞaϞdiscoutse,ϞhenceϞolϞthought) ,Ϟ andϞthisϞ
atticulatedϞopeningϞlotmsϞĊĕ inϞanϞexttemeϞconttaction.Ϟ
AtϞoneϞblow,ϞitϞlotmsϞitseq˰asϞɆϞinϞaϞconvulsion,ϞitϞexpetiencesϞǰ,ϞitϞthinksϞitƄ
sellϞɆ.ϞǰϞtouchesϞitsellŅϞ isϞtouched,Ϟ itϞhxesϞitsellŅϞ going-saying-ǰϞ¸laisantā
disantƎɭcʵ .Ϟ ,ibid. ,Ϟp.Ϟi,;)Ϟ
ßeloteЧcattyingЧ onЧwithЧtheЧteadingЧ olЧthisЧ passageЧ andЧseeingЧtheЧmo-
mentЧolЧautoēallection,ЧtheЧtactileЧhěguteЧolЧputeЧauto-ahection,ЧtheЧ¨ıЧsell-
touches, ¨ЧcomeЧlotth˰Ч oneЧ mustЧ takeЧ noteЧ olЧ/h·ssΘthingsЧatЧleast.Ч
i.Θ¨ExttemeЧconttaction¨ .ЧitЧtutnsЧtheЧatticulatedЧopeningЧintoЧanЧauto-
ahection,ЧaЧtettactionЧintoЧonesell,ЧanЧeconomicЧsell-gatheting.Ч1hisЧecon-
omyЧcitcumsctibesЧtheЧopeningЧandЧlotcesЧitЧtoЧdetetmineЧitsellЧandЧnotЧ
beЧj ustЧanythingЧwhatsoevetЧotЧwhosoevet.Ч1heЧ ¨l¨ЧowesЧasЧ muchЧtoЧtheЧ
csn/·ac/ΘandЧtheЧgathetedЧsttokeЧotЧ/·ai/ΘolЧthisЧconttactionЧolЧonesellЧ,withЧ
onesell)ЧasЧtoЧtheЧopeningЧitsell,ЧthatЧis,Ч olЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧtheЧmouth,Чhete,Ч
beloteЧtheЧlace.Ч1heЧwotdЧ¨conttaction¨ЧisЧimpottant. ЧShottlyЧaltetwatd,Ч
theЧwotdЧ¨conttactute¨ЧtakesЧovet.Ч ßetweenЧtheЧoccuttencesЧolЧtheseЧtwoЧ
wotds,ЧthisЧ sameЧ movementЧisЧdesctibedЧasЧaЧ¨convulsion. ¨ЧAtЧtheЧ begin-
ningЧolЧthisЧchaptetЧdevotedЧtoЧunumЧquid,ЧNancyЧannouncesЧaЧ¨convul-
sionЧolЧCattesianЧthought, ¨Ч¨hisΘconvulsion¨-aЧconvulsionЧthat,Ч¨stattingЧ
withЧDescattes,ЧphilosophicЧthinkingЧhasЧtelusedЧtoЧconltont, ¨ЧasЧ¨itsЧownЧ
convulsion, ¨ЧheЧeventuallyЧconcludesЧ,ibid. , Чpp. Чr
)
r , Θr é|) ʑΘ
1heЧtetmsЧ¨spasm¨ЧandЧ¨syncope¨ЧateЧtegulatlyЧassociatedЧwithЧtheЧwotdЧ
¨convulsionĻ ¨Ч1heseЧ wotdsЧ sayЧwhatЧhappensЧ toЧ theЧ bodyЧ andЧallectsЧ it,Ч
butЧnotЧnecessatilyЧasЧaЧdisotdetЧotЧdiseaseЧotЧtoЧsigni¦ЧdisjunctionЧotЧsim-
pleЧdeleatЧolЧwhatЧthenЧbecomesЧunhinged,Чunjoined,Чbut,ЧonЧtheЧconttaty,Ч
S¸acingsΘ Ĭ Ĭ Ч
whete.Ч¨TheЧquestionЧolЧ theЧjointЧmakesЧupЧtheЧlastЧquestionЧi nЧDescattesĤЧ
itЧconcetnsЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbodyЧadj oining¨Ч ,ibid. ,Ч p. ЧiĬi) ĻЧ1hen,ЧinЧthisЧ
sell-commotionЧ tesemblingЧ aЧ ,diastolicĘsystolic)Ч heattbeatЧ asЧ muchЧ asЧ aЧ
syncope,ЧaЧ thythmicalЧviolenceЧconcenttates.Ч ltЧisЧaЧgathetingЧinЧ anЧintet-
tuption,Ч theЧcutЧthatЧopensЧ andЧshutsЧ theЧ mouth. ЧThteeЧyeatsЧeatliet,Ч inЧ
iǶƥ6,ЧNancyЧhadЧpublishedЧLsΘdiscsa·sΘdsΘŇaΘs¸ncs¸sĝΘJ. LsgsdasdaŇas. ' Ĝ ΘĽn-
lessЧoneЧmobilizesЧthisЧentiteЧeatlietЧwotk,ЧoneЧmightЧh ndЧitЧsomewhatЧdil-
hȋcult,ЧitЧseemsЧ toЧ me,Ч toЧ teadЧwhatЧNancyЧsaysЧheteЧaboutЧtheЧconvulsiveЧ
conttactuteЧolЧtheЧmouthЧthatЧ/sachssΘi/ss¡ΘwhenЧitЧ¨lotmsЧi/ss¡ΘasЧ/´ĕ
z. ΘTheЧ discoutseЧ onЧ theЧ ¨conttactuteЧ atoundЧ theЧ noiseЧ ˗ l , ˙ Ŋ Ч ¨ego, ¨ЧotЧ
even ¨Чo,¨ĕ doesЧnotЧseemЧmoteЧattih cialЧotЧlotcedЧthanЧthisЧentiteЧthemat-
icsЧinvolvingЧtheЧmouth. ЧltЧsulhcesЧtoЧkeepЧinЧmindЧDescattes'sЧinsistenceЧ
onЧptonunciation, ЧonЧtheЧineluctableЧptonouncementЧolЧ¨EgoЧ sum,Ч egoЧ
existo¨Ч-andЧonЧtime,ЧonЧthisЧ¨eachЧtime¨ЧolЧtheЧptolletedЧuttetanceЧ¸¸·s-
̕·a/isn} ,ΘwhichЧcannotЧbeЧteducedЧtoЧaЧmetelyЧenunciatedЧuttetanceЧ¸énsn-
cia/isn¦ ũΘWotdsЧ seemЧ toЧbeЧcattiedЧ _¸s·/és˥Θ byЧtheЧmouthЧ beyondЧ theitЧ
meteЧdiscutsiveЧteachЧ ¸¸s·/és¦ .Θ NotЧonlyЧdoesЧNancyЧplaceЧthisЧpassageЧolЧ
theЧSecondЧMeditationЧ,inЧLatin)Ч atЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧhisЧbookЧinЧanЧepi-
gtaphЧ ,¨Ч. . . Ч deniqueЧstatuendumЧsitЧhocЧptonuntiatum.ЧEgsΘsam,Θ sgsΘ sx-
is/s,Θ quotiesЧaЧmeЧ ptolettut,ЧvelЧmenteЧconcipitut,ЧnecessatioЧesseЧvetum¨) ,Ч
heЧalsoЧ ptoposesЧanЧexplanatotyЧttanslationЧlotЧit,Ч theЧwholeЧ pedagogicalЧ
signihcationЧolЧwhichЧisЧsell-evident.Ч theЧellectiveЧptolletingЧolЧanЧuttet-
anceЧ ¸¸·sȃ·a/isnǛΘ¸·s̖·/a·¦Θ isЧwhatЧhasЧ toЧ countЧtheЧmostЧ ,accotdingЧtoЧ
Nancy,Ч becauseЧhisЧ intetptetationЧ isЧspecialЧ inЧ this,Ч andЧ moteЧ canonicalЧ
teadetsЧwillЧnoЧdoubtЧbeЧtemptedЧtoЧtesistЧit) ,Ч andЧnotЧtheЧmeteЧconcep-
tionЧolЧsomethingЧ¨inЧmyЧmind¨Ч ¸dansΘmsnΘss¸·i/,Θ msn/sΘcsnci¸i/a·¦ ,Θ al-
thoughЧDescattesЧ seemsЧ toЧhaveЧconsidetedЧ theЧ lattetЧequivalentЧ toЧ theЧ
lotmetЧ,¨quotiesЧaЧmeЧptolettut,ЧvelЧmenteЧconcipitut¨) .ЧNancy'sЧexplana-
totyЧttanslationЧdelibetatelyЧandЧmassivelyЧthtowsЧanyЧequivalenceЧotЧsym-
mettyЧollЧbalance,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme,ЧandЧlavotsЧtheЧptolleting.ЧHeЧptivilegesЧ
theЧptopositionЧinasmuchЧ asЧ itЧcsmssΘ¸·/hΘsa/sidsΘs¸Θ/hsΘmindΘandЧtheteЧ
wheteЧDescattes,ЧinЧaЧdecisionЧpetlotmedЧbyЧanothetЧpetlotmative,ЧmightЧ
wantЧtoЧconletЧuponЧitЧsomeЧphilosophicalЧstatusЧotЧlegitimacy-asЧilЧcon-
ceptionЧwithinЧ theЧ mindЧweteЧaЧdoubleЧotЧaЧ copy,Ч otЧinЧanyЧcaseЧsome-
thingЧdependentЧonЧ theЧ ptolletedЧuttetingЧactЧ ¸ac/sΘ¸·sȃİČ/si·s¦ .Θ Hete,Ч
then,ЧisЧNancy˘sЧeloquentЧttanslation,ЧwhichЧspeaksЧlotЧitsellɧЧ ¨Ч . . . Ч hnally,Ч
oneЧ mustЧtule,Ч establish,Ч decide,Ч etectЧ asЧ aЧstatueЧandЧloundЧasЧ aЧstatuteЧ
)|Θ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘ O/hsrΘ
thatЧ thisЧ ptonouncement,Ч thisЧ ptonouncedЧuttetance,Ч thisЧ enunciatedЧut-
tetance,ЧIΘam,ΘIΘsxis/,Θ isЧnecessatilyЧttueЧevetyЧtimeЧthatЧlЧptolletЧandЧuttetЧ
it,Ч ptoposeЧandЧ ptonounceЧit,ЧotЧthatЧlЧ conceiveЧitЧinЧmyЧmind,Ч otЧthatЧitЧ
isЧconceivedЧinЧmyЧmind,ЧotЧbyЧmyЧmind¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp. Ч;) . ř ǴЧ
)
.Θ linally,Ч theteЧisЧtheЧpassageЧtoЧ¨IΘsell-touches¨Ч ,whichЧlЧshallЧquoteЧ inЧ
aЧmoment,ЧatЧlongЧlast) .ЧltЧexplainsЧtheЧgenesisЧolЧtheЧ¨l , ¨ЧautoēallectionЧinЧ
itsЧ tactileЧ hguteЧ ŞɊIΘtouchesЧ itsellЧģ ǯ . Ч ¨) , Ч addtessingЧ itsellЧtoЧ /si,Θ ¨you, ¨Ч
¨thou. ¨ЧSimultaneously,ЧtheteЧi sЧaЧpassageЧtoЧtheЧsecondЧpetsonЧandЧtheЧla-
miliatЧuseЧolЧ/a,Θ ¨you¨Ч ,whichЧisЧdilhcultЧtoЧ ttanslateЧintoЧEnglish,ЧlotЧex-
ample) .Ч1hisЧlamiliatЧaposttophe,Ч /a,Θ signs,Ч allЧatЧonce,Ч theЧgenetalЧ singu-
latity,Ч theЧplutalЧsingulatityЧolЧanyЧpossibleЧaddtessee,ЧanЧabtuptЧlamiliatity,Ч
whichЧintettuptsЧtheЧhabitualЧneuttalityЧolЧphilosophicalЧdiscoutseЧatЧ theЧ
vetyЧmomentЧwhenЧ¨l ¨ЧmakesЧitsЧenttance,ЧandЧaboveЧall,ЧitЧsignsЧtheЧpos-
sibilityЧotЧtheЧneedЧlotЧtheЧsaidЧ¨l¨Ч ,asЧsoonЧasЧitЧtouchesЧitsell)ЧtoЧaddtessЧ
itsell,Ч toЧspeakЧtoЧitsell,Ч toЧtteatЧolЧitsellЧ,inЧ aЧsoliloquyЧintettuptedЧinЧad-
vance)Ч asΘanΘs/hsr.Θ NoЧsoonetЧdoesЧ ¨lЧ ¸touchĂЧ itsell¨Ч thanЧ itЧisЧ itsell-itЧ
conttactsЧitsell,Ч itЧconttactsЧwithЧitsell,Ч butЧasЧ ilЧwithЧanothet.Ч ltЧaddtessesЧ
itsellЧtoЧitsellЧandЧsaysЧ/aΘtoЧitselŠЧ HowЧnotЧtoЧuseЧtheЧlamiliatЧ¨you¨ЧwithЧ
onesell:Ч1houЧttyestЧit,ЧyouЧttyЧit.ЧWeЧ couldЧsayЧthatЧtheЧconttactuteЧolЧtheЧ
conttact,Ч theЧconttactionЧandЧtheЧconvulsionЧ ,theseЧ beingЧtheЧwotdsЧ thatЧ
dominateЧthisЧwholeЧanalysisЧolЧunumЧ quid)Ч leatuteЧtheЧ/rsa/msn/ΘolЧ_sn/Θ
/rai/Θǯ ģ . Ч ɿ¦ ,ЧttaceЧout,ЧandЧgiveЧitsЧsingulatЧttaitЧto,ЧthisЧunavoidablyЧlamil-
iatЧaddtessЧolЧonesell-olЧonesellЧasЧtheЧhtstЧotЧtheЧlastЧothet.ЧAnЧI,Θ theteЧ
wheteЧitЧisЧ,sell-) /salhsdΘ ¸ LɿЧoùĕ͸a ssΘ/sachs,Θun¸s] ģЧ ßutЧIΘsell-touchesЧspac-
ingЧ itsellЧout,Ч losingЧ contactЧ withЧ itsell,Ч pteciselyЧ inЧ touchingЧ itsellģЧ ltЧ
switchesЧ ollЧtheЧ contact,Ч itЧabstainsЧ ltomЧtouching,Ч soЧasЧ toЧ touchЧ itsell.Ч
¨̴̵aЧseЧtouche,ЧunЧ|e¨Ч. ĊƎЧheteЧtheЧltenchЧssΘandЧitsЧgtammatЧtemainЧetet-
nallyЧ unttanslatableģЧ 1hisЧ accidentЧ isЧ allЧ theЧ moteЧ intetestingЧ sinceЧ itЧ
touchesЧonЧtheЧidiom,Чptecisely-onЧtheЧunttanslatableЧsingulatityЧatЧtheЧ
vetyЧheattЧitsellЧolЧttanslationģ Ч ¨Ílĕ seЧ touche¨Ч meansЧ thatЧ itЧ otЧheЧ sell-
touchesЧitsellЧotЧhimsellЧ,inЧaЧloop,ЧwithЧtheЧmouthЧlip-synchingЧtheЧloop-
ing-olЧaЧcitcle,ЧlitetallyЧolЧanЧÛ otЧaЧzetĴ) ǯЧ ltЧalsoЧmeansЧthatЧitЧotЧheЧisЧ
touched,ЧtouchableЧ,byЧanyЧothetЧwhatsoevet) ģЧ ¨ÍÌĕseЧtutoie¨ЧsignihesЧthatЧ
heЧisЧsayingЧ¸saΘtoЧhimsellЧotЧ itsell,Ч otЧheЧotЧ itЧisЧ beingЧ addtessedЧ inЧthisЧ
way-heЧisЧ/a/s¸a//s,Θ addtessableЧwithЧ/aΘ,byЧanyЧothetЧwhatsoevet) ģЧ HeЧisЧ
alteady,ЧasЧ¨l, ¨ЧlikeЧ¨Í, ¨ĕtheЧothet˚sЧ muted,ЧstillЧ¨you, ¨ЧandЧhisЧptopetlyЧownЧ
stillЧyou.Ч ¨SeЧtouchetЧtoi¨. Ч¨toЧsell-touchЧyou, ¨ЧNancyЧwillЧwtiteģЧ Latet.Ч
S¸acingsΘ
) · Θ
1heЧsyncopatedЧconvulsion,ЧthisЧconttactionЧo l Ч theЧinsideЧandЧtheЧout-
side,ЧisЧalsoЧthisЧ,stillЧandЧspokenЧ ł/aΘs/Θdi/Ģ )Θ discoutse,ЧaЧdilletenceЧatЧtheЧ
heattЧofЧtheЧI theЧatticulationЧthatЧcanЧbeЧdisatticulatedЧolЧanЧego,Ч anЧegoЧ
capableЧ olЧtouchingЧitЧtoЧ theЧheattЧinЧtouchingЧitsЧ heatt.Ч lsn'tЧ theЧ heattЧ
memoty:Чlsn'tЧitЧthinkingЧs¸Θmemoty:Ч1hinkingЧasΘmemoty:ЧWeЧ shallЧsale-
guatdЧtheЧtecollection,ЧtheЧcatdiogtamЧolЧthisЧcatdio-ǼogyЧltomЧoneЧendЧolЧ
thisЧ bookЧtoЧ theЧothet-asЧitЧalsoЧwtitesЧ itsellЧotЧisЧ wtittenЧ onЧ theЧheattЧ
andЧonЧtheЧhand,Ч ilЧnotЧwithЧaЧwholeheattedЧhandЧotЧaЧlteehandedЧheattЧ
-especiallyЧwhenЧweЧlendЧanЧeatЧtoЧaЧcettainЧheattЧsensationЧinЧHussetŶ

hisЧǜs·zgǷ̛h/,ΘinЧtheЧhaptologicalЧmomentЧolЧIdsasΘıɟ' Ə ЧlnЧtheЧmeantime,Ч
heteЧisЧaЧhtstЧdiaphtagm.Ч
. . . Ϟ andϞthisϞatticulatedϞopeningϞlotmsϞIĕ inϞanϞexttemeϞconttaction. Ϟ
AtϞoneϞblow,ϞitϞlotmsϞitseƣ˰asϞ/ĕinϞaϞconvulsion,ϞitϞexpetiencesϞ/,ĕ itϞthinksϞit-
sellϞ!ĕ /ĕtouchesϞitsell,Ϟ isϞtouched,Ϟ itϞhxesϞitselƾȖϞgoing-saying-ΛϞ͊laisantā
disant-ɭcƛ .Ϟ lmagineϞaϞlacelessϞmouthϞ,whichϞisϞtoϞsayϞtheϞsttuctuteϞolϞaϞmask˰
onceϞagain.ϞopenϞholes,ϞandϞ theϞmouthϞopeningϞinϞ theϞmiddleϞolϞtheϞ eye,Ϟ locusϞ
olϞvisionϞandϞtheoty,ϞdiaphtagmaticallyϞttavetsed-openϞandϞshutϞsimultaneƩ
ously-byϞaϞptoǶetedϞuttetance)

aϞlacelessϞmouth,Ϟthen,ϞmouthingϞtheϞtingϞolϞ
itsϞconttactuteϞatoundϞtheϞnoiseϞ¨l. ¨Ϟ¨You¨Ϟ ¸taȢ˰ expetienceϞthisϞdaily,ϞeachϞtimeϞ
youϞateϞptonouncingϞotϞconceivingϞegoϞinϞyoutϞmind,ϞeachϞtimeϞ,andϞthisϞhapł
pensϞtoϞyouϞdaily)Ϟ youϞateϞlotmingϞtheϞÕ olϞtheϞ htstϞ petsonϞ ,indeedϞtheϞ¸rstī˰
theteϞisϞnothingϞbeloteϞit) .Ϟ¨egȀϞcogitȀϞexistȀ. ¨ϞAnϞ Õ loɶmsϞtheϞimmediateϞloopϞ
olϞyoutϞexpetience.ϞTtuly,Ϟ itϞisϞolϞthat˰whichϞitϞisϞandϞthatϞitϞundetgoesϞtheϞexϘ
petienceϞitϞmakes-thatϞitϞmakes˰otϞ¸rms˰becauseϞitϞcannotϞɒcϞit.Ϟ ,ēbid. ,Ϟp. Ϟi,;ĥϞ
1hisЧdilletenceЧbeɅeenЧma/ingΘotЧ¸·ming,Θ onЧtheЧoneЧ hand,Ч andЧ/sing,Θ
onЧtheЧothet,ЧtheЧexcessЧolЧ ¸shisningΘovetЧssssncs,ΘwithЧoneЧmakingЧupЧlotЧ
theЧothet,Ч oneЧ comingЧinЧlieuЧolЧtheЧlackЧotЧimpossibilityЧolЧtheЧothet,Ч allЧ
that,ЧnoЧdoubt,ЧisЧtheЧlawЧolЧ ¸c/isn,ΘatЧtheЧotiginЧolЧ ¸s/ingΘsnsss¡ΘasЧ/sach-
ingΘsnsss͌Θ theteЧwheteЧitЧisЧnot,Ч oneЧ willЧ haveЧhadЧtoЧ ma/s,Θ toЧ¸shisn,ΘtoЧ
¸a/a·s,Θ toЧ¸ga·s.ΘWheteЧtheЧtaking-placeЧolЧtheЧeventЧdoesnťtЧhšndЧitsЧplaceЧ
-aЧgapingЧlocus,Ч indeed,ЧaЧmouth-exceptЧinЧ·s¸/csmsn/ŵΘwheteЧitЧdoesn'tЧ
ΔndЧtoomЧexceptЧinЧ teplacement-isn'tЧthatЧtheЧ ttaceЧolЧmetonymyЧotЧ theЧ
technicalЧptosthesis,ЧandЧtheЧplaceЧlotЧtheЧphantasmЧasЧwell,Ч thatЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч
theЧ ghostlyЧtevenantЧ ,¸han/asma) ,Θ atЧtheЧheattЧ olЧ,sell-)leeling:Ч1heЧ tev-
enant,ЧbetweenЧlileЧandЧdeath,ЧdictatesЧanЧimpossibleЧmoutning,ЧanЧendlessЧ
moutning-lileЧ itselſЧßatelyЧvisibleЧsceneЧolЧthisЧ moutning.Ч itЧpettaιnsЧtoЧ
aЧs¸acingΘthatЧisЧ itteducibleЧotЧevenЧhetetogeneousЧinЧtelationЧtoЧanЧ¨exten-
sioˀЧ ltomЧwhich,Чhowevet,ЧoneЧshouldЧ notЧdissociateЧit. ''Ч
§ }
Åhis !s Ay DOdy
Point· ³/rccd,· Countcr¡oint
·
Mourning P·,chc,
cnd thc Hcnd o¸. . .
HowЧisЧoneЧtoЧtakeЧupЧagainЧtheЧ¨ptopet¨ЧolЧ¨unumЧquid¨: ǀ Ч1heЧdebateЧ
necessatilyЧunloldsЧatoundЧanЧ¨inextensionЧolЧtheЧmind, ¨ЧotЧaЧ¨nonextenħ
sionЧolЧtheЧmind, ¨ЧthusЧa·sandΘlsyche,ЧinasmuchЧasЧsheЧcanЧbeЧ¨unitedЧtoЧ
theЧwholeЧbody, ¨Чextended,ЧsttetchedЧout,Ч subjected-andЧsheЧliesЧdownЧ
onЧ hetЧ couchЧ inЧ theЧ coutseЧ olЧthisЧ union,Ч otЧ evenЧ withЧ aЧ viewЧ toЧ thisЧ
anisn,ΘwhichЧwillЧalwaysЧlookЧlikeЧaЧhction,Ч¨quasiЧpetmixtio. ¨Ч
AnЧanimatedЧdebateЧ atoundЧtheЧ animationЧolЧinanimateЧ lsyche.Ч i tЧisЧ
ai/hΘDescattesЧthatЧNancyЧthusЧotganizesЧthisЧAassinands·ss/zang-ȮȋtbΘ
him,ЧwhollyЧalongsideЧandЧagainstЧhim,ЧtepeatingЧagains/Θhim,ΘbutЧthtoughЧ
thisЧ mouthpieceЧ andЧaboutЧtheЧmouth,ЧwhatЧtheЧinventotЧolЧtheЧmodetnЧ
¨subœect¨ЧandЧitsЧ ¨ttuth¨Чthought,ЧwithoutЧthinking,ЧinЧtheЧvetyЧuttetanceЧ
olЧtheЧcsgi/s.Θ
1heteЧateЧsevetalЧvoices,Чthetelote,Ч inЧ thisЧseteneЧandЧsubtleЧaltetcationЧ
withЧDescattesЧthusЧventtiloquized.ЧAlthoughЧlsycheЧisЧinЧmoutningЧandЧ
theЧ moutningЧ batelyЧacknowledged,Ч sheЧ collectsЧ hetsell,Ч makingЧ aЧ pto-
nouncement.Ч1heЧptonouncingЧolЧaЧhnalЧj udgmentЧgoesЧthtoughЧtheЧopen-
ingЧ ¸sm/sacha·s¦Θ olЧtheЧmouth,ЧtoЧbeЧsute,ЧbutЧweЧcouldЧsayЧthat,ЧbesidesЧ
theЧplacesЧthusЧidentihed,Ч itЧgoesЧthtoughЧaЧsingulatЧpoint,ЧandЧtheЧpointЧ
namedЧ¸sin/.Θ lotЧtheЧsoulЧisЧunitedЧtoЧtheЧahs/sΘbody,Ч andЧitЧcouldЧnotЧbeЧ
citcumsctibedЧinЧoneЧ¸a·/ΘolЧtheЧbody,Ч beЧitЧaЧpoint.ЧAccotdingly,Ч NancyЧ
analyzesЧtheЧdsa//sΘcsn/·adic/isnΘœeopatdizingЧtheЧhypothesisЧolЧaЧ¸anc/aa/Θ
spatializationЧ olЧtheЧ mindЧsuchЧasЧ theЧ theotyЧolЧtheЧ pinealЧglandЧandЧ theЧ
animalЧspititsЧinhabitingЧit.ЧltЧisЧconttadictotyЧtoЧthinkЧolЧtheЧmindЧasЧanЧ
extension, Ч butЧ itЧ isЧ alsoЧ conttadictotyЧtoЧ thinkЧolЧextensionЧ asЧ aЧ point.Ч
HenceЧtheЧvoluminousЧhguteЧolЧaЧglandЧwhoseЧsoulЧdoesЧnotЧinhabitЧtheЧ
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ
) /Θ
inside,ЧsteetingЧi t ЧlikeЧaЧpilot.ЧHence,Чalso,ЧtheЧ¨inctedibleЧtheoteticalЧcon-
tottionsЧDescattesЧengagesЧinЧsoЧasЧ toЧsa//i/izsΘtheЧbodyЧinЧtheЧglandЧandЧ
theЧŸanimalЧspitits,'ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧ¸s·mixΘbodyЧandЧmind. ¨ЧllЧ¨theЧglandЧisЧthisЧ
imptobableЧ somewhete,Ч alsoЧanЧ ĉunumЧ quid, ' Ŋ Ч andЧilЧdždždžunumЧ quid'Ч pto-
nouncesЧĉego'ŊЧ , Nancy,Ч ¨ƻnumЧquid, ¨Чpp. Чr||Ą|·
,Θr
·
é) , ΘthenЧtheЧaltetca-
tionЧwithЧDescattesЧhndsЧitsЧspaceЧheteЧ,atЧleastЧheteЧinЧthisЧbook,ЧEgsΘsam) ,Θ
thatЧis,ЧnotЧinЧtheЧquestionЧolЧtheЧheattЧotЧolЧtheЧbody,ЧbutЧonЧaЧsttangeЧtta-
jectotyЧ betweenЧ anЧ imptobableЧ pinealЧ glandЧ andЧ aЧ mouthЧ ltomЧ beloteЧ
speechЧ¸¸a·s/s¦ ,ΘanЧopeningЧstillЧanotalЧandЧalteadyЧtouching.Ч
Digtession.ЧWhyЧthisЧaltetcationЧwithЧDescattesЧ,tathetЧthanЧwithЧAtis-
totleЧotЧKant:)ЧltЧcouldЧbeЧexplainedЧbyЧtheЧneedsЧoΈЧaЧsttategy,ЧwithЧtelet-
enceЧtoЧtheЧsa/¸sc/,ΘthisЧconceptЧolЧmodetnЧttadition,ЧilЧoneЧcanЧputЧitЧlikeЧ
that,Ч andЧmoteЧ pteciselyЧtoЧ/hsΘ/·a/hΘs¸Θ/hisΘsa/¸sc/,ΘwhichЧ oneЧoltenЧasso-
ciatesЧ withЧ DescattesЧ ,thoughЧ theЧ wotdЧ ¨subj ect, ¨Ч sensuЧ stticto,Ч isЧ notЧ
CattesianЧbutЧtathetЧKantian) ,Ч notablyЧinЧdiscoutsesЧmatkedЧbyЧHeideg-
getianismЧotЧLacanism.Ч Nancy'sЧ sttategyЧseemsЧȷeat.Ч ¨1heЧnonextensionЧ
olЧtheЧmindЧ appeats,Ч thetelote,Ч asЧwhatЧtheЧ unionЧdemandsЧasЧ muchЧasЧ
whatЧtheЧdistinctionЧguatantees.ЧWhatЧisЧdemandedЧandЧguatanteedЧinЧthisЧ
wayЧisЧtheЧunityЧolЧtheЧsubjectЧasЧ itsЧttutΤЧ ,ibid. , Чp.Ч r|·
) Ė Θ
AltetcationЧwithЧDescattes-asЧweЧweteЧsaying-tathetЧthanЧwithЧKant,Ч
otЧɫtistotle.Ч
WhyЧnotЧwithЧKant,ЧwhoЧpaidЧmoteЧattention,ЧnoЧdoubt,Ч toЧanyЧsub-
jectivityЧolЧtheЧsubjectЧthanЧDescattesЧdid,ЧandЧtoЧwhatЧweЧcallЧtouchingЧ
_/sΘ/sachs·} `Θ
lsЧitЧbecauseЧKantЧisЧlundamentallyЧmute,ЧtakenЧaback,ЧwhenЧconltontedЧ
withЧtheЧbody,ЧconltontedЧwithЧtheЧunionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbody:Ч1his,Ч
atЧleast,ЧisЧwhatЧNancyЧptolletedЧthteeЧyeatsЧeatlietЧinЧLsΘdiscsa·sΘdsΘhĕs¸n-
cs¸sĿΘLsgsdasda/as,¹ΘaЧluminous,ЧinventiveЧbook,ЧsoЧcheetlulЧitЧleavesЧoneЧ
bteathless,ЧitЧbutstsЧwithЧtheЧlaughtetЧolЧthought-atЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧ
itЧleadsЧusЧtoЧthinkЧtheЧthinkingЧolЧlaughtetЧandЧolЧsyncopesЧandЧsyncopa-
tion, Ч theЧ conttetemps,Ч andЧ alsoЧ theЧ countetpointЧthatЧ gathetsЧ andЧ upħ
holds,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧkeepЧitЧallЧtogethet,ЧdissociationЧitselſЧ
1hus,Ч¨ KantЧtheЧphilosophet¨ЧhasЧnothingЧtoЧsayЧaboutЧtheЧû esh,ЧaboutЧ
theЧphilosophet'sЧûį esh,ЧaboutЧhisЧ¨unionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbody¨.ЧinЧaЧse-
quenceЧthatЧweЧshallЧhaveЧtoЧteconstitute,ЧNancyЧnamesЧ¨aЧconnectionЧbe-
tweenЧtheЧbodyЧandЧthoughtЧaboutЧwhichЧKantЧtheЧphilosophet,ЧinЧttuth,Ч
hasЧns/hingΘtoЧsay¨Ч , Nancy,ЧLsgsdasda/as,Θ p.Ч r|
·
) Ė Θ
' ĕ
IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
¨KantЧtheЧphilosophet,¨ЧheЧsays.ЧDoesn'tЧ thisЧcautiousЧpinpointingЧsugħ
gestЧthatЧthisЧKantЧisЧdistinctЧltomЧanothetЧone,ЧaЧKantЧwithoutЧcovet,ЧyetЧ
toЧbeЧdiscoveted:Ч1heЧcontextЧolЧthisЧ demonsttationЧ isЧimpottantЧlotЧus.Ч
lotЧevenЧilЧtouchingЧotЧsell-touchingЧasЧsuchЧisЧnotЧmentionedЧinЧit,Ч evenЧ
ilЧNancyЧ doesnťtЧappeatЧexptesslyЧtoЧ dtawЧltomЧ thisЧ tichЧ veinЧ ĩwhichЧ lЧ
shal|Ч callЧ¨ ltench¨ЧheteЧtoЧsaveЧtime,ЧandЧtoЧwhichЧweЧshallЧtetutnЧlatet)Ч,ƶЧ
itЧ dealsЧ withЧaЧsyncopeЧolЧcontact,ЧaЧquasi-mastutbatotyЧauto-allection, Ч
andЧitЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧautoetotismЧlostЧi nЧpleasute,ЧsinkingЧinЧsyncopatedЧ
laughtet.ЧAndЧsoЧitЧisЧaЧcettainЧwayЧolЧsell-touchingЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧotЧ
touchingЧonesellЧandЧintettuptingЧtheЧcontact,Ч butЧaЧ contact,Ч aЧtactility,Ч
thatЧ nevetthelessЧsaccssdsΘ inΘ in/s··a¸/ingΘi/ssþΘ ltЧ succeedsЧ inЧsettingЧupЧ
contact,Ч inЧsettingЧitsellЧupЧasΘcontact,Ч inЧ thusЧ touchingЧitsellЧinΘ in/s·-
·a¸/ingΘi/ssĐΘatЧ theЧ momentЧwhenЧ it'sЧsuspending-otЧevenЧ lotbiddingЧ
otЧabstaining-itsell,Ч toЧsuchЧaЧpointЧthatЧit'sЧholdingЧitsЧbteath,ЧsoЧasЧtoЧ
giveЧitsell,Ч still,ЧwithinЧtheЧsyncope,ЧtheЧpleasuteЧolЧwhichЧitЧisЧdeptivingЧ
itsell.Ч1hisЧ isЧwhatЧmakesЧlaughtetЧlaugh-laughtet,Ч ¨theЧhctiveЧ notionЧ
ĩotЧ litetatyЧ tool)Ч lotЧ theЧphilosophet'sЧ ptesenceЧ toЧ himsellЧotЧ hetsell¨Ч
ĩibid. , Чp. Чr|é) . Θ
LaughtetϞcanϞensuteϞtheϞconditionsϞolϞpossibilityϞlotϞcontentmentϞ,consciousƩ
nessϞ¸r˰teason)ϞonlyϞthtoughϞaϞsinkingϞ¸¸erteŽ˰ intoϞpleasute,ϞtheϞsyncopeϞo¸andϞ
in˰pleasuteϞitselƾȤϞOneϞcannotϞidenti[ϞthisϞjoltϞotϞshakingϞwithϞtheϞcontinualϞ
andϞptogtessiveϞthtobϞolϞaϞdiscoutseϞmachineϞ _machine˰de˰ discoars] ,˰ptecisely̒Ϟ
instead,ϞtheϞjoltϞdisinsutesϞsuchϞaϞdiscoutse-andϞlaughtetϞcommunicatesϞ ,`)Ϟ
withϞlitetatute.Ϟ ,llϞautoetotismϞisϞconstitutiveϞotϞhgutativeϞolϞmetaphysicalϞau-
tology,ϞthenϞoneϞhasϞtoϞsayϞthatϞtheϞaato˰bothϞteboundsϞandϞtuptutesϞinϞKant-
ianϞlaughtet,ϞthatϞanϞother˰comesϞlotthϞwhoϞisϞnotϞnecessatilyϞtheϞothetϞsexϞbutϞ
theϞ same,Ϟ pethaps,Ϟ undecidingϞitsellƹ-ambivalent,Ϟ otϞ pettihedϞ ¸médasé] , ˰otϞ
bothϞatϞonce˂Ϟsell-pettihedϞandϞdeptivedϞolϞSellϞ ȫ . . . Ϟ ThisϞaltetationϞgameϞtakesϞ
placeϞeachϞtimeϞvitz˰ ¸witɐϞ intetvenes.Ϟ
WeϞ haveϞ agteedϞthatϞKant,Ϟ too,Ϟ inventedϞtheϞ¨thing-in-itsell¨Ϟ -unknow-
ableϞaccotdingϞtoϞ him-onϞ theϞ basisϞ olϞtheϞcasttationϞ complexȕϞ inϞwhichϞ
onanisticϞ anguishϞandϞ hetmaphtoditicϞ complexesϞplay aϞtoleϞasϞwell.ϞTheϞ
thing-in-itsellϞwouldϞthusϞbeϞtheϞthing-unto-KantϞ. . . . Ϟ ,GeotgϞGtoddeck,Ϟ
lettetϞtoϞSigmundϞlteud,ϞMayϞp, tpzz)
·
WhatϞisϞatϞ issueϞ isϞ notϞ onlyϞaϞsyncopeϞ desctibedϞandϞdiscoutsedϞupon,ϞbutϞ
aϞsyncopeϞo¸discoutse.Ϟindeed,ϞtheϞsalutatyϞptopettyϞolϞlaughtetϞcanϞonlyϞbeϞ
undetstoodϞa¸¸roximateþ,˰ toϞ explainϞ it,Ϟ oneϞmustϞinvokeϞ aϞconnectionϞbe-
tweenϞtheϞbodyϞandϞthoughtϞaboutϞwhichϞKantϞtheϞphilosophet,ϞinϞttuth,ϞhasϞ
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ) )Θ
nothing˰toϞ sayϞ ,¨lotϞi f ϞweϞ admitϞthatϞwithϞ allϞ outϞthoughtsϞi s ϞhatmonicallyϞ
combinedϞaϞmovementϞinϞtheϞotgansϞofϞtheϞbodyϞ. . .Ϟ ) .
TheϞunionϞ ofϞtheϞsoulϞ andϞtheϞbodyϞ ,thisϞ unionϞgiviugϞitselfϞsexualϞ aitsϞ
hete) ,Ϟ thisϞ unionϞ whichϞ isϞ alsoϞ theϞ sublimeϞ unionϞ ofϞthoughtϞ andϞ theϞ un-
thoughtϞ ,theϞnonteptesented)-thisϞ unionϞwhichϞisn'tϞ one,Ϟ andϞisn'tϞtheϞte-
unionϞofϞtwoϞotdetsϞotϞtwoϞsubstances,Ϟ butϞis,Ϟ ifϞitϞis˰something,Ϟ theϞphiloso-
phet'sϞʚeshǴ,˰ thisϞ unionϞ ofϞtheϞ hetetogeneousϞ isϞ notϞ theϞ obj ectϞ ofϞsomeϞ
knowledgeƔϞ ¨WhatϞisϞyoutϞopinionϞaboutϞtheϞ unionϞ _Cemeinscha¸]˰ ofϞsoulϞ
andϞbody,ϞaboutϞtheϞnatuteϞofϞmind,ϞaboutϞcteationϞinϞtime`ϞlϞhaveϞnoϞopin-
ionϞwhatsoevetϞaboutϞthatϞ. . . . Ϟ DzenceϞthisϞquestionϞisϞnecessatyϞand,ϞinϞte-
gatdϞtoϞtheϞobject,ϞcanϞonlyϞbeϞanswetedϞsubjectivelyƎthisϞIJ˰knö́. ¨ƺϞ
LetЧusЧacceptЧasЧaЧwotkingЧhypothesisЧ thatЧNancyЧisЧ tight.Ч ¨KantЧ theЧ
philosophet¨ЧhasЧnothingЧtoЧsayЧaboutЧtheЧunionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbody.Ч
1hisЧhypothesisЧdoesЧ notЧexcludeЧ twoЧ othets,Ч andЧ itЧ isЧ temptingЧtoЧ lot-
mulateЧthemЧ inЧtheЧlollowingЧway.Ч
J. NoЧphilosophet,ЧasЧsuch,ЧhasЧevetЧhadЧanythingЧtoЧsay,Чphilosophically,Ч
aboutЧ theЧ themeЧ lotmulatedЧ inЧ thisЧ way.Ч theЧ unionЧ olЧtheЧ soulЧandЧ theЧ
body-DescattesЧnoЧmoteЧthanЧanyЧothet.ǎЧAndЧonЧthisЧpoint,ЧKantЧmocksЧ
Descattes,Чj ustЧatЧtheЧpointЧwhen-andЧthisЧisЧtheЧsecondЧhypothesis.Ч
2. NoЧlongetЧasЧaЧphilosophet,ЧthisЧtime,ЧbutЧasЧanЧanthtopologistЧ,supķ
posing,Ч then,ЧthatЧthisЧdelimitationЧisЧteliableЧandЧpettinent,ЧlikeЧtheЧde-
limitationЧ betweenЧ hisЧ C·i/iqassΘ andЧhisЧAn/h·s¸s/sgyΘ¸ısmΘ aΘP·agma/icΘ
Psin/Θs¸Θlsa) ,Θ KantЧspeaksЧolЧtheЧunionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧandЧ theЧbody,Ч lotЧex-
ample,ЧolЧsensibilityЧand,Ч singulatly,Ч olЧtouch.Ч Cettainly,Ч inЧLsgsdasda/as,Θ
NancyЧevokesЧtheЧAn/h·s¸s/sgyΘheteЧandЧthete-we'ƮlЧgetЧtoЧthis-andЧal-
waysЧinЧaЧtathetЧacute,Ч otiginal,ЧandЧellipticalЧlashion. Ч ßutЧsinceЧthisЧisЧaЧ
timeЧ whenЧtheЧquestionЧolЧtouchЧasЧ suchЧ doesЧ notЧyetЧintetestЧNancy,Ч heЧ
teletsЧneithetЧtoЧKant'sЧitonyЧaboutЧDescattes'sЧtovingЧspeculationЧ notЧtoЧaЧ
sottЧolЧKantianЧshottЧtteatiseЧ olЧtheЧhveЧsenses,Ч andЧtheteloteЧolЧtouchЧinЧ
patticulat.Ч
LetЧ usЧ tesumeЧ andЧ sketchЧ anЧ analysisЧ thatЧ mightЧ thisЧ timeЧ beЧ titledЧ
¨ Kant'sЧHand, ¨ЧbeloteЧHussetl'sǏЧandЧHeidegget's . ǀ ϭ ЧtheЧhandЧthatЧsigns,Ч
andЧtheЧhandЧthatЧheЧanalyzes,ЧandЧhtstЧolЧallЧtheЧhandЧolЧKantЧpointingЧ
toЧDescattesЧandЧdetidingЧhim.ЧKantЧdistinguishesЧbetweenЧman'sЧ¸h¸sis-
/sgica/ΘknowledgeЧandЧptagmaticЧknowledge,ЧthatЧis,ЧbetweenЧtheЧstudyЧolЧ
whatЧna/a·sΘhasЧmadeЧolЧmanЧandЧwhatЧmanЧhasЧ¸ıssqΘmadeЧolЧhimsell,Чbe-
yondЧtacialЧotЧnationalЧpeculiatities,ЧasЧaЧcitκzenЧolЧtheЧwotldЧ,Ž///a·gs·) ,Θ
! !
andЧheЧhandsЧdownЧanЧunappealableЧvetdictЧtegatdingЧtheЧlotmet,Чnamely,Ч
|oЧ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
allegedЧphysiologicalЧknowledge.Ч theЧ discoutsesЧoneЧmayЧattemptЧwithinЧ
itЧaboutЧtheЧunionЧolЧtheЧsoulЧandЧtheЧbodyЧateЧputeЧspeculation,ЧtheyЧateЧ
pointlessЧtatiocinations, ЧunintetestingЧandЧunptohtableЧquibbles,Ч ¨aЧsheetЧ
wasteЧ olЧtime. ¨Ч HeteЧ aЧ vetbЧ keepsЧ comingЧ upЧ likeЧ anЧ accusation,Ч itЧ isЧ
cs·nan¸s/n,Θ thatЧ is,Ч toЧspeculate,Ч splitЧ haits,Ч tatiocinate.ЧAndЧinЧthisЧ in-
dictment,ЧDescattesЧisЧtheЧaccused.Ч
HeϞwhoϞpondetsϞaboutϞnatutalϞphenomena,ϞlotϞeŁampleϞaboutϞtheϞcausesϞlotϞ
theϞlacultyϞolϞmemotyϞ,ĺs˰Erinnerangscermcgen),˰canϞspeculateϞtoϞandϞltoϞ ,inϞ
theϞCattesianϞlashion)Ϟ ,hin˰and˰her˰˦nach˰dem˰ Cartesias˨˰ Ŵrnőn¸e/n)˰ onϞtheϞ
ttacesϞolϞimptessionsϞwhichϞkeepϞlingetingϞinϞoutϞbtain,Ϟbut,ϞinϞdoingϞso,ϞheϞhasϞ
toϞadmitϞthatϞheϞisϞaϞmeteϞspectatotϞinϞthisϞgameϞolϞhisϞimaginationϞandϞthatϞheϞ
hasϞtoϞleaveϞevetythingϞentitelyϞtoϞNatute,ϞsinceϞheϞknowsϞneithetϞtheϞcetebtalϞ
netvesϞandϞhlamentsϞ notϞtheitϞopetationϞwhenϞtheyϞcattyϞoutϞhisϞ intentions.Ϟ
SuchϞ speculativeϞtheotizingϞisϞ aϞsheetϞwasteϞolϞtimeϞ ,mithin˰a/es˰ theoretische˰
Ŵrnőn¸e/n˰ hierʕ/er˰reiner˰ìƃr/ast˰ist) . ' Ũ ˰
OnЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧwheteЧphysiologicalЧanthtopologyЧmustЧholdЧbackЧ
ltomЧ sayingЧ anythingЧwhatsoevetЧ ,asЧ DescattesЧ wouldЧhaveЧ done) ,Ч anĜ
thtopologyЧltomЧaЧptagmaticЧpointЧolЧviewЧhasЧmuchЧtoЧteachЧus.Ч ßutЧis-
n'tЧ thisЧ hų nallyЧwhatЧDescattesЧ toldЧ ltincessЧ EliАaȶethЧ inЧ theЧ lettetЧthatЧ
Metleau-lontyЧcitesЧandЧthatЧlЧ haveЧj ustЧquotedЧ ¸inЧ n.Ч ?IJ :Ч lnЧ patticulat,Ч
ptagmaticЧanthtopologyЧinlotmsЧotЧteachesЧ us,ЧsinceЧ thisЧ isЧ outЧ concetnЧ
hete,ЧonЧtheЧsubœectЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtheЧhveЧsenses-notЧonlyЧonЧtheЧsuȶĜ
j ectЧolЧsensibilityЧ,Sinn/ich/si/) ,ΘasЧlacultyЧ_¸ca//é}Θ toЧknowЧthtoughЧin-
tuitiveЧteptesentation,ЧcomptisingЧbothЧsenseЧandЧimaginationЧ,theЧlattet,Ч
andЧtheЧlast-mentionedЧconnection, ЧisЧwhatЧmattetsЧmostЧolЧallЧtoЧNancyЧ
inЧLsgsdasda/as) ,Θ notЧ onlyЧ onЧ theЧsubjectЧolЧanЧinnetЧsense,Ч notЧonlyЧonЧ
theЧsubj ectЧolЧcotpotealЧ sensationsЧknownЧasЧvitalЧ , l/a/sm¸ȑndang)Θ otЧ
ssnsasΘcagas,ΘbutЧonЧotganicЧsensationЧ,O·gansm¸¸ndang)Θ otЧssnsasΘ¸xas.Θ
Now,Ч itЧisЧpteciselyЧinЧthisЧlattetЧcategoty,Ч thatЧisЧtoЧsay,Чsx/s·na/ΘcotpotealЧ
sensesЧ assignedЧtoЧ bodilyЧs·gans,Θ onЧ theЧsubj ectЧolЧthisЧhamanΘbodyЧns/Θ
ai/hsa/Θs·gans,ΘthatЧKantЧthinksЧthatЧtheteЧateЧthingsЧtoЧsay,ЧandЧhasЧthingsЧ
toЧsay,Ч ltomЧaЧptagmaticЧand,ЧaboveЧall,ЧanthtopologicalЧpointЧolЧview.Ч
HenceЧ theЧ hand,Ч andЧtheЧ hngets-andЧweЧ ateЧ comingЧtoЧ them.Ч1heЧ
sensesЧshouldЧbeЧhveЧinЧnumbetĎnoЧmoteЧandЧnoЧlewet,Ч heЧconhtmsɈ
theЧobjectiveЧonesЧ,/ac/as,Θ cisas,Θaadi/as)ΘandЧtheЧsubœectiveЧonesЧ, gas/as,Θ o/-
ȁc/as) .Θ1heЧlotmetЧconttiȶuteЧmoteЧtoЧknowledge,ЧandЧamongЧthemЧtouchЧ
,Bs/as/ang)Θ comesЧ¸·s/,Θ atЧleastЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧcettainЧctitetia.ЧWhichЧ
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ |rΘ
ones:Ч1oЧ theЧextentЧthatЧtouchЧi sЧtheЧonlyЧsenseЧolЧimmsdia/sΘextetnalЧpetħ
ceptionЧandЧthusЧtheЧoneЧ btinginΙЧusЧtheЧgteatestЧcettainty,Ч itЧisЧtheЧmostЧ
impottantЧotЧtheЧmostЧ setiousЧ oneЧ ,aich/igs/s) ,Θ althoughЧitЧisЧtheЧclumsiħ
estЧ, g·c/s/s)Θ amongЧtheЧextetnalЧsenses.ЧlnЧaЧwayЧitЧisЧtheЧloundationЧolЧtheЧ
othetЧ twoЧobjectiveЧsenses,Ч sightЧ andЧ heating.Ч1heseЧ mustЧ¨otiginallyЧbeЧ
teletted¨Ч ,a·s¸·ōng/ichΘ /szsgsnΘ as·dsnΘ mōsssn)Θ toЧ touchЧ inЧ otdetЧtoЧ ¨pto-
duceЧempiticalЧknowledge¨Ч ,amΘEȣh·angss·/snn/nissΘ¸sic}ΘzaΘcs·schaƓn)Θ
,Kant,ЧAn/h·s¸s/sgy,Θ p.Ч |z) .Θ
SuchЧaЧhietatchicalЧattangementЧisЧwithoutЧanyЧdoubtЧpattЧolЧtheЧgteatЧ
ttaditionЧthatЧaccotdsЧanЧabsoluteЧptivilegeЧtoЧtouchЧandЧdoesЧ notЧletЧitsellЧ
beЧenctoache͸ЧuponЧbyЧtheЧpossibilityЧ,btieûyЧandЧpootlyЧevokedЧbyЧKant)Ч
olЧanyЧvicatiousnessЧ olЧtheЧsensesЧ , lica·ia/Θds·ΘSinns) .Θ1hisЧ ¨tactilist¨ЧotЧ
¨haptocenttic¨ЧttaditionЧextendsЧatЧleastЧuntilЧHussetlЧandЧincludesЧhimɈ
hisЧotiginalЧpattЧwi|lЧbeЧdiscussedЧlatet.Ч1heЧttaditionЧbecomesЧcomplicated,Ч
withЧtheЧtiskЧolЧbeingЧintettupted,ЧinЧMetleau-lonty,Ч asЧweЧshallЧalsoЧsee,Ч
whenЧtheЧlattetЧseemsЧtoЧteinstateЧaЧsymmettyЧthatЧHussetlЧchallengesЧbe-
tweenЧtheЧtouching-touchableЧandЧtheЧseeing-visible.Ч
Now,Ч inЧtheЧKantianЧpetiodЧolЧthisЧttadition, ЧitЧisЧindeedЧsuitableЧlotЧaЧ
ptagmaticЧan/h·s¸s/sgyΘtoЧknowЧtheЧlundamental,Чlounding,ЧandЧotiginatyЧ
signihcationЧolЧtouch,Ч lotЧtheЧonlyЧotganЧtoЧwhichЧKantЧasctibesЧthisЧot-
ganicЧsenseЧisЧtheЧhand,Ч theЧhumanЧhand-theЧhngetsЧandЧtheЧhngettips,Ч
inЧttuth.Ч1heЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧhasЧitsЧapptoptiateЧplaceЧinЧtheЧhngettipsЧandЧ
theЧnetveЧendings,ЧtheЧpapillae.Ч1heseЧnetveЧendingsЧinlotmЧus,ЧhumanЧbe-
ings,ЧaboutЧtheЧlotmЧolЧaЧsolidЧbody.Ч lndeed,Ч oneЧcouldЧaskЧonesellЧwhichЧ
wayЧtheЧdiȺetenceЧbetweenЧtheЧphysiologicalЧandЧptagmaticЧpointsЧolЧviewЧ
goesЧhete.Ч1hisЧway,Ч noЧdoubt.ЧilЧitЧisЧnatuteЧthatЧhasЧptovidedЧtheЧhand,Ч soЧ
toЧspeak,ЧitЧhasЧgivenЧitЧtoЧhumanЧbeingsЧonly,ЧandЧbyЧthusЧmakingЧhumanЧ
beings,Ч itЧhasЧ thenЧ allowedЧthemЧlteelyЧtoЧ makeЧ themselves,Ч patticulatlyЧ
thtoughЧobjectiveЧknowledge,ЧtheЧguidingЧthteadЧolЧthisЧanalysis.ЧAndЧwhatЧ
KantЧanalyzesЧisЧ notЧ theЧsttuctuteЧolЧtheЧpapillaeЧandЧtheЧnetvousЧsystem,Ч
otЧtheЧ linkЧ withЧ thought,Ч andЧ soЧ lotth,Ч tathet,Ч itЧisЧ whatЧ humanЧ beingsЧ
ma/sΘai/hΘ/hsi·Θhands.Θ ltЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheitЧphenomenalЧ expetienceЧolЧ
theЧhand,ЧasЧitЧwete.ЧAndЧoneЧisЧtemptedЧtoЧsuggestЧthatЧKantЧoutlinesЧotЧ
pteh gutes,ЧwithinЧtheЧlimitsЧolЧanЧanthtopology,Ч aЧphenomenologica|Ч otЧ
ptephenomenologicalЧteductionЧthatЧtequitesЧaЧcompatisonЧwithЧHussetl'sЧ
gestuteЧ inЧIdsasΘII toЧ beЧdiscussedЧlatet.Ч 1heЧ hand'sЧ h nality,ЧwhatЧnatuteЧ
putsЧwithinЧteachЧolЧtheЧhumanЧhand,ЧandЧonlyЧtheЧhumanЧhand,ЧwhatЧitЧ
allowsЧhumanЧbeingsЧtoЧmakeЧ/¸Θ handΘwithЧtheЧhand,ЧthanksЧtoЧtheЧhand.Ч
|zΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
allЧthatЧisЧtheЧptopetЧobjectЧolЧaЧptagmaticЧanthtopology.Ч lotЧ Kant,Ч asЧHeiħ
deggetЧandЧsoЧmanyЧothetsЧwillЧtepeatЧlatet,ЧanimalsЧpossessЧnothingЧthatЧ
canЧbeЧcompatedЧtoЧaЧhandǑЧ ¨NatuteЧseemsЧtoЧhaveЧendowedЧmanЧaloneЧ
withЧthisЧotgan,ЧsoЧthatЧheЧisЧenabledЧtoЧlotmЧaЧconceptЧolЧaЧbodyЧbyЧtouch-
ingЧitЧonЧallЧsides.Ч1heЧantennaeЧolЧinsectsЧseemЧmetelyЧtoЧshowЧtheЧptesħ
enceЧolЧanЧ object,Ч theyЧateЧ notЧ designedЧtoЧ exploteЧitsЧ lotm¨Ч ,Kant,ЧAn-
/h·s¸s/sgy,Θp. Ч|r) Ė ' ¹ Θ
KantЧinsistsЧpteciselyЧonЧ¨lotm. ¨ЧSinceЧtheЧptivilegedЧpositionЧolЧ touchЧisЧ
dehnedЧheteЧltomЧtheЧpointЧolЧviewЧolЧobjectiveЧknowledge,ЧitЧisЧadvisableЧ
toЧsetЧapattЧltomЧitЧallЧthatЧhasЧtoЧ doЧwithЧ¨vital¨ЧimptessionsЧ , li/a/sm¸-
¸ndang,Θ ssnsasΘcagas) ,ΘthatЧwhichЧisЧnotЧspecihcЧtoЧanЧotganЧ,O·gansm¸¸n-
dangɼΘ ssnsasΘ¸xas)Θ andЧthat,Ч thtoughЧtouch,ЧleadsЧusЧtoЧsenseЧsomethingЧ
othetЧthanЧlotmsǑЧcoldnessЧandЧheat,ЧsoltnessЧandЧtoughness.Ч
LetЧusЧnoteЧinЧpassingЧthatЧalthoughЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧmakeЧanyЧallusionЧ
toЧ thisЧ anthtopologyЧolЧtouchЧ inЧKantЧ inЧLsgsdasda/as,Θ itЧseemsЧ toЧ me,Ч
heteЧheЧalteadyЧundetscotesЧaЧttopeЧolЧtouch.ЧAĕaЧmeteЧthetoticalЧhgute,ЧitЧ
isЧ aЧmatkЧthatЧtheЧ ptoblematicЧotЧthematicsЧ olЧtouchЧhaveЧ notЧyetЧbeenЧ
btoached,ЧasЧsuch,ЧatЧthisЧdate,ЧbutЧtheitЧpointЧalteadyЧappeats,Ч andЧitЧisЧ
pointedlyЧthete,ЧaboveЧall,ЧlikeЧtheЧpointyЧtipЧolЧanЧantenna,ЧaЧscoutЧatЧtheЧ
loteltont,Ч inЧ thisЧ vetyЧ acuteЧ placeЧ wheteЧ itЧ alwaysЧ comesЧ lotthЧ subseħ
quently.ЧstillЧvetyЧcloseЧtoЧaЧpoint,ЧandЧuponЧaЧlimit.ЧlotЧNancy,Ч itЧisЧalwaysЧ
aЧmattetЧ olЧtouchingЧwhatЧisЧwell-nighЧatЧ theЧ limitЧnotЧtoЧ beЧ touchedŀ
namely,ЧtheЧlimitЧitsell,ЧandЧtheЧpoint'sЧextteme,ЧpointedЧtip.Ч1hus,ЧtheЧsen-
tenceЧquotedЧj ustЧbelowЧisЧ allЧ theЧ moteЧtematkableЧbecause,Ч inЧevokingЧ
Kant'sЧAn/h·s¸s/sgyΘ,butЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧignotingЧitsЧtheotyЧolЧtouch) ,Ч itЧ
hasЧtoЧdoЧpteciselyЧwithЧtheЧhguteЧandЧwithЧsensibleЧhgutationЧinЧğich/angΘ
¸poettyĂ .Ч LetЧusЧteadЧ theseЧlines,ЧwhichЧdesctibeЧaЧcouplingЧandЧwhatЧ thenЧ
¨touches¨ЧwithЧitsЧ¨pointedЧtip. ¨Ч1heyЧalsoЧlollowЧaЧtematkable,ЧabyssalЧde-
velopmentЧaboutЧtheЧ¨ltatetnal¨Ч , KantЧdixi/)Θ otЧevenЧanЧ¨incest¨Ч , NancyЧ
dixi/) ,Θ betweenЧ theЧ undetstandingЧ andЧ sensibility,Ч locusЧ olЧschematism,Ч
placeЧolЧ¨attЧconcealed¨Ч inЧtheЧdepthsЧ olЧtheЧsoul,Ч olЧğich/ang,Θ sensibleЧ
powetЧotЧsensibleЧhgutationЧolЧthisЧpowet,ЧandЧsoЧlotth.Ч¨ßutЧlotЧtheЧtimeЧ
beingЧthisЧopetationЧisЧmoteЧnattowlyЧintetestingЧlotЧusɦЧhete,Ч inЧtheЧAn-
/h·s¸s/sgy,Θ itЧcouplesЧundetstandingЧwithЧsensibleЧimagination. ЧNow,ЧwhileЧ
theЧpowetЧolЧğich/angΘtemains,ЧtoЧtheЧlettetЧolЧtheЧtext,ЧlimitedЧtoЧsensiħ
bility,ЧitЧnonethelessЧ/sachssΘonЧundetstanding,ЧwithЧitsЧpointedЧtip¨Ч,Nancy,Ч
LsgsƊsda/asDžΘp. Чro·) Ė
Ǔ
ĻΘ
HeteЧ endsЧtheЧdigtession,ЧotЧanticipation.Ч
Î
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ |ĬЧ
HavingЧtakenЧnoteЧinЧr)/éΘthatЧKantЧ¨theЧphilosophet¨ЧhadЧnothingЧtoЧ
sayЧaboutЧ theЧ unionЧ ofЧtheЧsou|Ч andЧtheЧbody,Ч nothingЧ aboutЧ theЧHesh,Ч
aboutЧmsamΘcs·¸as,Θ otЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,Ч Nancy,Ч fotЧwhomЧitЧisЧtheЧthingЧ
itself,ЧtutnedЧtowatdЧDescattes'sЧsgsΘsamΘfotЧthisЧpolyphonicЧandЧventtilo-
quizedЧaltetcation-betweenЧtheЧmouthЧandЧtheЧpinealЧgland.Ч
͡etЧKantЧisЧtheЧoneЧtoЧwhomЧlteudЧtutned,ЧagainstЧwhomЧheЧtutned,ЧinЧ
theЧaphotismЧbequeathedЧbyЧtheЧmotibundЧmanЧwhoЧptoclaimedЧonЧhisЧ
deathbed,Ч ¨lsycheЧ istЧ ausgedehnt, ¨Ч theЧ leitmotivЧofЧNancy'sЧ ¨ lsycheď ¨Ч
lteudЧ htstЧfotmedЧaЧhypothesis,ЧinЧfoutЧlines,ЧheЧca|ledЧupЧaЧpossibility,Ч aЧ
mete|yЧptobableЧone. ЧßutЧnoЧ mattetЧ howЧdenseЧandЧelliptica|ЧtheЧ|ogicЧofЧ
thisЧmeteЧptobability,Ч itsЧaimЧisЧ notЧ toЧputЧ theЧsoulЧoutside,ЧtoЧexpe|ЧtheЧ
soulЧintoЧaЧspaceЧotЧontoЧanЧextensionЧthatЧwouldЧbeЧhtstЧandЧitteduciblyЧ
givenЧtoЧ us-fami|iatlyЧthete,Ч onЧ theЧoutside,Чextetiot.Ч OnЧtheЧconttaty,Ч
theЧ spatialityЧofЧspace,Ч itsЧsx/s·is·i/¸ΘwouldЧonlyЧbeЧ anЧ outsideЧptojectionЧ
ofЧanЧin/s·na/ΘandЧ¸·s¸s·qΘs¸sa/ingΘ¸s¸chica/Θextension. ЧlnЧshott,ЧtheЧout-
sideЧwouldЧonlyЧbeЧaЧptojection'ЧltЧisЧinЧthisЧsense,ЧănЧthisЧditectionЧ,ftomЧ
intetnalЧextensionЧtowatdЧextetnalЧextension, ЧtowatdЧtheЧspatialityЧofЧspaceЧ
-theЧonlyЧextetiotityЧwotthyЧofЧtheЧname) ,Ч asЧ enigmaticЧasЧthisЧtemains,Ч
thatЧtheЧlteudianЧ ,thatЧis,Ч putelyЧ¸s¸chs/sgica/)Θ detivationЧ isЧittevetsiblyЧ
otiented.ЧltЧwouldЧbeЧdifhcult,Чappatent|y,Ч toЧpushЧpsychologismЧanyЧfut-
thet.Ч lsЧ thisЧ diffetentЧ ftomЧwhatЧ NancyЧimpottsЧ ftomЧthisЧwhenЧ heЧ in-
vetselyЧputsЧtheЧoutsideЧinside:ЧAndЧwhenЧheЧsaysЧthatЧlsycheЧisЧextended,Ч
andЧthusЧoutside,ЧisЧheЧthinkingЧofЧaЧ¨ptojection¨Чeffect,ЧasЧlteud,Чlitetal|y,Ч
seemsЧtoЧbeЧdoing:ЧOt,ЧonЧtheЧconttaty,ЧofЧanЧextetiotityЧtesistingЧanyЧpto-
jectionЧevenЧifЧitЧmakesЧpossib|eЧsomeЧptojectionЧ¸ c/s`Θ
lsЧthisЧaЧgoodЧquestion:ЧWhatЧdiȺetenceЧisЧtheteЧbetweenЧtheЧtwo,ЧandЧisЧ
theteЧ one,Ч htstЧ ofЧall :ЧlsЧ lteudЧ moteЧ otЧlessЧ psychologizingЧ thanЧ Nancy:Ч
DoesЧoneЧ stil|ЧpsychologizeЧwhenЧ oneЧ assettsЧthatЧtheЧpsycheЧisЧ extendedЧ
thoughЧnotЧyetЧspatial,ЧandЧthatЧtheteЧisЧanЧintetnalЧextension:ЧWhatЧwou|dЧ
aЧnonspatialЧ extensionЧbe,ЧoneЧsti|lЧwithoutЧanЧ outside-theЧpsychicalЧex-
tensionЧftomЧwhich,Ч /¸Θ¸·s¸sc/isn,ΘoneЧwouldЧdetiveЧspace:ЧMustЧoneЧputЧ
theЧentiteЧweightЧofЧtheЧatgumentЧonЧtheЧwotdЧ¨appatatus, ¨ЧwhichЧlteudЧ
wtoteЧtwice:Ч lndeed,ЧbefoteЧsayingЧ¨lsyche,¨ЧheЧtepeatsЧ¨psychicalЧappata-
tus. ¨ЧlsЧitЧtheЧ appatatusЧ thatЧ sx/sndsΘ ´i/ss¡ɭ`ΘlsЧ thatЧwhichЧ isЧ extendedЧ aЧ
topo|ogicalЧsttuctuteЧtathetЧthanЧ puteЧ psychicЧlife:ЧlЧamЧmultiplyingЧtheseЧ
questionsЧsoЧasЧtoЧsuggestЧthatЧtheyЧateЧcattiedЧaway,Ч onЧtheitЧown,Чtouch-
ingЧonЧtheitЧlossЧofЧsense.Ч lnЧanyЧcase,Ч lteudЧwtitesЧ,theseЧateЧtheЧh tstЧtwoЧ
sentencesЧinЧthisЧ ¨posthumous¨ЧnoteЧcomptisingЧonlyЧfoutЧinЧall) .Ч ¨SpaceЧ
||Θ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
mayЧbeЧtheЧptojectionЧolЧtheЧextensionЧolЧtheЧpsychicalЧappatatus.ЧNoЧothetЧ
detivationЧisЧptobableȟ ¨Ǎ ż Ч
1heЧ gtammatЧ olЧthisЧ lastЧ ptopositionЧ desetvesЧ aЧ pause.Ч l nЧaЧ negativeЧ
mode-otЧoneЧolЧdenial,ЧsomeЧwouldЧunhesitatinglyЧsay-lteudЧthusЧsug-
gestsЧthatЧtheteЧisЧnoЧothetЧ¨likely¨ЧotЧ¨ptobable¨Ч detivation. ЧHeЧdoesЧnotЧ
sayЧthatЧtheЧlattetЧisЧcleat,Чdistinct,Чttue,ЧotЧcettain.ЧHeЧptesentsЧitЧonlyЧÜ aЧ
possibility,Ч plausibleЧotЧptobable.Ч1hatЧisЧtheЧ leastЧ oneЧ canЧsay,ЧlotЧonЧ theЧ
conttatyЧnothingЧisЧmoteЧunlikelyЧandЧconttatyЧtoЧcommonЧsenseЧthanЧthisЧ
detivationЧ olЧspaceЧ otЧspatiality,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧ say,Ч olЧtheЧ outside,Ч stattingЧ
ltomЧaЧptojectionЧolЧpsychicЧintetiotity.ЧWhatЧisЧptojection,ЧandЧwhatЧdoesЧ
theЧhguteЧolЧaЧ¸·s¸sc/isnΘsigni¦ЧwheteЧtheteЧisn'tЧanyЧspaceЧyet:Ч lnЧ ttuth,Ч
nothingЧ isЧ moteЧpatadoxicalЧandЧinctedible.Ч Now,Ч thisЧisЧtheЧptovocativeЧ
schemaЧolЧthisЧsttangeЧhypothesisЧ andЧthisЧdetivationЧ tetmedЧ¨ptobable,¨Ч
whichЧlteudЧseemsЧtoЧopposeЧtoЧKantЧatЧthatЧpoint.Ч
ßutЧisЧitЧteallyЧaЧquestionЧolЧopposition:ЧWhatЧil,Ч latЧltomЧgoingЧagainstЧ
Kant,Ч lteudЧ onlyЧwishedЧ toЧ intetptetЧ andЧ tehneЧ theЧ KantianЧ modelЧ byЧ
substitutingЧlotЧit,ЧwhileЧtemainingЧwithinЧtheЧsameЧlogic,Ч aЧkindЧolЧim-
ptovedЧlotmalization:Ч1oЧ wit,ЧinЧtheЧnextЧsentence,ЧheЧmakesЧexplicitЧwhatЧ
heЧhasЧj ustЧsaidЧandЧwtitesЧ¨insteadЧol¨Ч,ans/a//) .Θ ¨lnsteadЧolЧKant'sЧaЧpti-
otiЧdetetminantsЧ olЧoutЧpsychicalЧappatatus.Ч lsycheЧ isЧ extended,Ч knowsЧ
nothingЧaboutЧit. ¨̔ ĭ Ч1hisЧlastЧteadingЧ,entailingЧaЧmoteЧadequateЧotЧmoteЧ
consequentialЧ substitution, Ч butЧ temainingЧwithinЧ theЧsamsΘpetspective)Ч
wouldЧ implyЧthatЧttanscendentalЧpsychologizing,Ч otЧmoteЧpteciselyЧttan-
scendentalЧpsychoanalysis,ЧotЧbettetЧyetЧttanscendentalЧpsychoanalyticЧaes-
thetics,Ч mightЧ accountЧlotЧspatialityЧstattingЧltomЧaЧ psychicalЧ appatatusЧ
thatЧwouldЧindeedЧhaveЧtoЧbeЧextendedЧinЧotdetЧtoЧcomptise,ЧamongЧtheЧ
twoЧ puteЧlotmsЧϮlЧsensibleЧintuition, ЧanЧaЧptiotiЧlotmЧolЧextetnalЧsense.Ч
KantЧmightЧinЧlactЧbeЧseenЧasЧptehgutingЧaЧcettainЧlteudianЧlineЧolЧatgu-
mentЧwhenЧheЧstates,Ч notЧ inЧanyЧAn/h·s¸s/sgyΘ thisЧtime,Ч butЧ inЧtheЧ C·i-
/iqasΘs¸ΘPa·sΘRsassn. Θ
TbeϞteptesentationϞofϞspaceϞ _die˰ķrste//ang˰des˰Raames]˰ cannot,Ϟtbetefote,ϞbeϞ
empiticallyϞobtainedϞftomϞtbeϞtelationsϞofϞoutetϞappeatance.ϞOnϞtbeϞconttaty,Ϟ
tbisϞoutetϞeŁpetienceϞisϞitselfϞpossibleϞatϞallϞonlyϞthtoughϞtbatϞ teptesentationȬϞ
SpaceϞ isϞ aϞ necessatyϞ a˰¸riori˰ teptesentation,Ϟ wbicbϞ undetliesϞ allϞ outetϞ
intuitions. ˲ ̃Ϟ
Wouldn'tЧlteudЧbeЧmoteЧamenableЧthanЧitЧseemsЧtoЧtheЧlogicЧolЧaЧˁmeta-
physical, ¨ЧthenЧaЧ¨ttanscendental,¨Ч¨exposition¨Ч,E·c·/s·ang)ΘolЧtheЧconceptЧ
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ |; Θ
olЧspace:ЧDoesn'tЧ lteudЧconhě tmЧthatЧputeЧintuitionЧ ɹheteЧolЧspace¦Ч ¨mustЧ
beЧloundЧinЧusЧptiotЧtoЧanyЧpetceptionЧolЧanЧobœect¨ЧandЧthatЧconsequently,Ч
itЧ mustЧbeЧ aЧ¨pute,ЧnotЧempitical,Чintuition¨: ū ǎ ЧȀhetelote,Чwouldn'tЧitЧbeЧ aЧ
kindЧolЧputeЧsensibility,Ч theЧinsensibleЧsensibilityЧteappeatingЧasЧaЧmotilЧinЧ
HegelЧandЧMatx:ЧAndЧhete,ЧlollowingЧoutЧthtead,ЧaЧkindЧolЧsensibilityЧtouch-
ingЧnothing:ЧOtЧaЧkindЧolЧtouchЧwithoutЧempiticalЧcontact,ЧaЧsell-touchingЧ
otЧ beingЧtouchedЧ withoutЧ touchingЧ anything:Ч lotЧ itЧ isЧ knownЧ thatЧ theЧ
tecognitionЧotЧatttibutionЧolЧextensionЧtoЧssms/hingΘotЧssmssnsΘ,lotЧexamН
ple,Ч toЧlsyche,ЧwhichЧandЧwhoЧisЧboth)Ч doesЧ notЧsulhěceЧtoЧmakeЧaЧbody,Ч aЧ
tangibleЧ body.Ч ȀheЧputeЧlotmЧolЧsensibility,Ч puteЧ intuition,Ч¨evenЧwithoutЧ
anyЧactualЧobœectЧolЧtheЧsensesЧotЧolЧsensation,Ч existsЧinЧtheЧmindЧ,imΘCs-
ma/hs)Θ aΘ¸·is·iΘasЧaЧmeteЧlotmЧ olЧsensibility. ¨ЧĹ ¨ΘKantЧinsistsЧ onЧ it.Ч inЧ theЧ
teptesentationЧolЧaЧbody,ЧwhenЧoneЧhasЧdetachedЧwhatЧcomesЧltomЧtheЧun-
detstandingЧ,substance,Чlotce,Чdivisibility)Ч andЧwhatЧcomesЧltomЧsensationЧ
,impenettability,Ч hatdness,Чcolot) ,ЧtheteЧstillЧtemainsЧsomethingЧolЧempiti-
calЧintuition.Ч extensionЧ,Aasdshnang)ΘandЧhě guteЧ,Css/a//) .Θ
ltЧwillЧ notЧ haveЧ escapedЧ theЧattentionЧolЧanyoneЧintetestedЧinЧ touch,ЧasЧ
weЧ ateЧ hete,Ч thatЧamongЧptopettiesЧaccessibleЧtoЧsensationЧateЧtheЧptopet-
tiesЧ thatЧ ateЧ tangibleЧ patЧ excellence,Ч thatЧ isЧ toЧ sayЧimpenettabilityЧ , |n-
da·chd·ing/ich/si/)Θ andЧhatdnessЧ ,ǜä·/s) ,Θ tangibleЧptopettiesЧthatЧKantťsЧ
An/h·s¸s/sgyΘĩsmΘaΘP·ag͗a/icΘPsin/Θs¸Θ ǦisaΘexcludesЧltomЧotganicЧsensi-
bilityЧinЧotdetЧtoЧlockЧthemЧintoЧaЧvitalЧteceptivityЧ,l/a/sm¸¸ndang,Θ ssnsasΘ
caȄΆs) ,ΘwithoutЧotgans,ЧwithoutЧobœectiveЧknowledge.Ч1heseЧsensibleЧgivensЧ
olЧsensationЧdoЧnotЧlallЧwithinЧputeЧsensibility,Ч asЧhguteЧandЧextensionЧdo. Ч
Hete,Ч evenЧ ilЧtheteЧ isЧ noЧ touchableЧ bodyЧthatЧdoesЧnotЧa/ssΘ appeatЧ ex-
tended,Ч extensionЧ isЧnotЧ touchableЧ thtoughЧtheЧsenses-noЧmoteЧthanЧinЧ
Descattes,ЧthoughЧlotЧtadicallyЧdilletentЧteasons.ЧltЧisЧwellЧknownЧthatЧthisЧ
motilЧolЧttanscendentalЧ idealityЧisЧœoinedЧ toЧ anЧ empiticalЧ tealismЧ intet-
tuptingЧtheЧteductionЧolЧappeatances-thatЧis,Чphenomena-toЧmeteЧillu-
sion.Ч CettainlyЧitЧallowsЧoneЧtoЧ undetstandЧ theЧ movementЧolЧtheЧ ¨goodЧ
ßetkeley¨ЧwhoЧlotesawЧtheЧabsutditiesЧtoЧwhichЧaЧtealismЧolЧspaceЧandЧtimeЧ
asЧptopettiesЧolЧthingsЧinЧthemselvesЧleads.Ч ßutЧitЧalsoЧallowsЧoneЧtoЧavoidЧ
ßetkeley'sЧabsoluteЧidealismȟЧ
lЧamЧtecallingЧtheseЧwell-knownЧyetЧalwaysЧenigmaticЧmattetsЧlotЧaЧnum-
betЧolЧcontextualЧteasons. ЧOnЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧitЧisЧinЧotdetЧtoЧttyЧtoЧundet-
standЧ lteud'sЧ btielЧallusionЧ toЧ Kant,Ч itsЧ ambiguity,Ч andЧ howЧ dilh cultЧ itЧ
mightЧbeЧtoЧinHectЧitЧtowatdЧanyЧmatetialization,ЧotЧincotpotation,ЧotЧevenЧ
incatnationЧolЧlsycheЧ ,theЧwotdЧ¨extended¨ЧinЧitsellЧmeansЧneithetЧaccessi-
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
bleЧ toЧsensationЧnot-especiallyЧnot-tangible) .Ч OnЧ theЧ othetЧ hand,Ч itЧ isЧ
inЧotdetЧtoЧapptoachЧtheЧknotЧofЧaЧcettainЧtension.ЧEvenЧifЧoneЧundetstandsЧ
thatЧtheЧlinkЧbeċweenЧthisЧ¨ttanscendentalЧidealism, ¨ЧotЧthisЧ,ttanscendenħ
tal,Ч fotЧKant,Ч psychologizing,Ч fotЧlteud)Ч subœectivism,Ч andЧaЧthinkingЧofЧ
hnitudeЧ ,in/ai/asΘds·ica/icasΘ andЧ soЧ fotth)Ч dehnesЧ aЧ hnitistЧttaditionЧinЧ
whichЧtheЧauthotЧofЧ|nsΘ¸snsésΘ¸nisΘ¸AЧliniteЧ1hinkingɰ 'ПЧmayЧtecognizeЧ
himselfЧupЧtoЧ aЧcettainЧpoint,ЧevenЧifЧthisЧsameЧallianceЧofЧ¨empiticalЧtealħ
ismŊЧ andЧ¨ttanscendentalЧidealism¨ЧallowsЧoneЧtoЧgiveЧevetyЧoppottunityЧtoЧ
theЧmovementsЧofЧintetptetationЧandЧapptoptiationЧinЧsensibleЧpetception,Ч
includingЧtouchЧ,andЧthisЧpetceptionЧisЧnevetЧtaw,Чtathet,Ч itЧinvestsЧotЧin-
/s·¸·s/sΘtheЧtangibleЧstattingЧftomЧaЧ¨desite,¨ЧaЧ¨dtive, ¨ЧotЧinЧanyЧcaseЧaЧ¨myЧ
body¨) ,ЧtheЧfactЧtemainsЧthatЧtheЧmotifЧofЧgteatestЧobstinacy,ЧfotЧNancyЧandЧ
inЧtheЧnameЧofЧtouch,ЧconsistsЧinЧtesistingЧanyЧidealismЧotЧsubœectivism,ЧbeЧ
itЧttanscendentalЧotЧpsychoanalytical̊ЧWhatЧwouldЧdtiveЧoutЧthisЧwholeЧttaħ
dition,ЧnoЧmattetЧhowЧsttongЧandЧnecessaty,ЧisЧtheЧinsistenceЧonЧtouch.ЧlotЧ
Nancy,ЧtouchЧtemainsЧtheЧmotifЧofЧaЧsottЧofЧabsolute,Чittedentist,ЧandЧpostħ
deconsttuctiveЧtealism.Ч1heЧspacingЧofЧspaceЧheЧexposesЧtoЧtouchЧtemainsЧ
itteducibleЧtoЧ anyЧmathematizableЧ extensionЧ andЧpethapsЧtoЧ anyЧknowl-
edge-anЧ absoluteЧ tealism,Ч butЧ itteducibleЧ toЧ anyЧ ofЧtheЧ ttadition'sЧ teħ
alisms.Ч1heЧ1hingЧtouchesЧitselʦЧisЧtouched,ЧevenЧtheteЧwheteЧoneЧtouchesЧ
Nothing.Ч HencefotthЧthisЧ isЧwhatЧweЧ shallЧhaveЧtoЧ ttyЧtoЧ undetstand,Ч asЧ
wellЧ asЧ howЧtouchЧandЧ nonЧtouchЧateЧ·sa/qΘ touchedЧ andЧself-touchingŀ
withЧinhniteЧtact,ЧintoЧwhichЧNancy'sЧwtiting,ЧhisЧexactЧhypetbole,Чengulfs, Ч
sinks,Чexhausts,ЧandЧex-sctibesЧitselſ' Ə Ч
lfЧoneЧweteЧintentЧonЧelabotatingЧtheseЧKantianЧdealingsЧi nЧaЧmoteЧcon-
sequentialЧfashion,ЧoneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧtutnЧtoЧtheЧ,metaphysicalЧandЧttanħ
scendental)ЧexpositionЧofЧtheЧconceptЧofЧtime,ЧoneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧgoЧwheteЧ
timeЧ isЧ notЧ onlyЧtheЧfotmЧofЧanЧinnetЧsense,Ч butЧ theЧ¨aΘ¸·is·iΘfotmalЧcon-
ditionЧofЧallЧappeatancesЧwhatsoevet, ¨''Чa/Θphenomena,ЧbeЧtheyЧintetnalЧotЧ
extetnal.ЧAndЧthete,ЧfollowingЧinЧtheЧfootstepsЧofЧHeidegget,'ŚЧamongЧoth-
ets,ЧweЧwouldЧh ndЧagainЧ theЧgteatЧquestionЧ ofЧputeЧauto-affection, ЧputeЧ
¨self-touching,¨ЧinЧtheЧmovementЧofЧtempotalization. Ч1hete,ЧatoundЧlsycheЧ
,¸s·iΘ¸sachës) ,Θ whichЧ isЧ toЧ sayЧatoundЧ theЧ gteatЧ questionЧ ofЧ ¨pute¨Ч self-
touchingЧandЧpteempiticalЧauto-aȺection,ЧtheЧdoctotsЧȫant,ЧHussetŤ,Чlteud,Ч
Heidegget,ЧMetleau-lonty,Ч andЧsoЧmanyЧothetsЧclosetЧbyЧtooЧ ,whoseЧopinħ
ionsЧ willЧ beЧaskedЧfotЧlatet)Ч holdЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧaЧconsultation, ЧdoubtlessЧ
callingЧonЧtheitЧptecutsotЧAϹistotle.Ч1heyЧoughtЧto,ЧinЧanyЧcase-theyЧshou|dЧ
eithetЧfollowЧhimЧotЧhaveЧdoneЧwithЧhim.Ч
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ |/Ч
AtistotleЧhasЧnotЧleltЧusЧlotЧaЧmoment,ЧevenЧthoughЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧin-
viteЧhimЧtoЧspeak.ЧLetЧusЧsttessЧagainЧtheЧsingulatЧplaceЧthatЧtouchЧhasЧinЧ
Atistotle'sЧdiscoutseЧonЧtheЧliving-inЧsuchЧaЧzoology.Ч1ouchЧisЧtheЧonlyЧ
senseЧthatЧtheЧexistenceЧolЧtheЧlivingЧasЧ suchЧcannotЧdispenseЧwithď Ч1heЧ
putposeЧ olЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧ isЧ notЧtoЧensuteЧtheЧbeingЧolЧtheЧanimalЧotЧolЧ
theЧliving,ЧbutЧonlyЧitsЧ ʢcƭƭŨbeingЧ,AtistotleЧPs·iΘ¸sachësΘ|; ;bīϫĞī;) . ЧßutЧ
withoutЧtouchЧanimalsЧwouldЧbeЧunableЧtoЧexist,ЧtbeЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧaloneЧ
isЧnecessatilyЧtheЧoneЧwhoseЧlossЧbtingsЧaboutЧtheЧanimal'sЧdeath.Ч¨ltЧisЧev-
ident,Чthetelote,ЧthatЧtheЧlossЧolЧthisЧoneЧsenseЧaloneЧmustЧbtingЧaboutЧtheЧ
deathЧ olЧanЧanimalďЧ lotЧasЧ onЧ theЧ oneЧ handЧ nothingЧwhichЧisЧ notЧanЧani-
malЧcanЧhaveЧthisЧsense,ЧsoЧonЧtheЧothetЧitЧisЧtheЧonlyЧoneЧwhichЧisЧindis-
pensablyЧnecessatyЧtoЧwhatЧisЧanЧanimal¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч|;;b|Ğ
/) . ЧAtistotleЧmea-
sutesЧthisЧessentialЧcoextensivityЧolЧanimalЧlileЧandЧtouch,ЧheЧalsoЧexplainsЧ
itЧbyЧputtingЧitЧtoЧtheЧtestЧolЧdeathďЧWhenЧanЧanimalЧisЧdeptivedЧolЧsight,Ч
heating,Ч otЧtaste,Ч itЧdoesЧnotЧnecessatilyЧdie. Ч ShouldЧitЧcomeЧtoЧaЧlackЧolЧ
touch,Чhowevet,Ч itЧwillЧdieЧwithoutЧdelay.Ч ,1hisЧlollowsЧtheЧsetЧolЧdistinc-
tionsЧtecalledЧeatlietLj'
ƓЧ
AmongЧtheЧsenses,Ч touchЧisЧanЧexception, ЧbecauseЧ
itЧhasЧasЧ itsЧobjectЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧquality-inЧttutb,Ч itЧpotentiallyЧhasЧa/Θ
sensibleЧqualities. )Ч ConvetselyЧ ,butЧitЧisЧtheЧothetЧsideЧolЧtheЧsameЧphe-
nomenon) ,ЧanimalsЧalsoЧdieЧwhenЧanЧexcessiveЧintensityЧolЧtouchЧtouchesЧ
them.Ч 1angibleЧ excess,Ч ¨hypetbole, ¨Ч comesЧ toЧ desttoyЧtheЧ otganЧ olЧthisЧ
touching,Ч¨whichЧisЧtheЧessentialЧmatkЧollile¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч|; ;b) . ĊƔЧCouldn'tЧoneЧ
sayЧthatЧthisЧmsasa·s,Θ thisЧmodetationЧolЧtouch,ЧtemainsЧatЧtheЧsetviceЧolЧ
lileЧtoЧtheЧsoleЧsx/sn/,Θ ptecisely,Ч thatЧsomeЧkindЧolЧtesetveЧholdsЧitЧonЧtheЧ
btinkЧolЧexaggetation:ЧAЧcettainЧtact,ЧaЧ¨thouЧshaltЧnotЧtouchЧtooЧmuch, ¨Ч
¨thouЧshaltЧnotЧl etЧyoutsellЧbeЧtouchedЧtooЧmuch, ¨ЧotЧevenЧ¨thouЧshaltЧnotЧ
touchЧyoutsellЧtooЧ much, ¨ЧwouldЧthusЧbeЧinsctibedЧaЧptioti,Ч likeЧaЧ htstЧ
commandment,ЧtheЧlawЧolЧotiginatyЧptohibition,ЧinЧtheЧdestinyЧolЧtactileЧ
expetienceďЧRitualЧptohibitionsЧwouldЧthenЧcomeЧtoЧbeЧdetetmined,Чa¸s·-
aa·dΘ andЧ onlyЧonЧ theЧ backgtoundЧolЧanЧuntouchabilityЧasЧ initialЧasЧ itЧ isЧ
vital,Ч onЧ theЧ backgtoundЧ olЧthisЧ ¨thouЧshaltЧnotЧtouch,Ч notЧ tooЧ much, ¨Ч
whichЧwouldn'tЧhaveЧawaitedЧanyЧteligion, ЧtitualЧcult,ЧotЧneutosisЧolЧtouch.Ч
lnЧtheЧbeginning,ЧtheteЧisЧ abstinence.ЧAndЧwithoutЧdelay,Ч unlotgivingly,Ч
touchingЧcommitsЧpetjuty.Ч
1ouching,Чthen,ЧisЧ aЧquestionЧollileЧandЧdeath.ЧOneЧcannotЧsayЧÜ much,Ч
andЧitЧisЧnotЧttue,ЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtheЧsensesЧinЧgenetal.ЧNow,ЧwhethetЧotЧnotЧ
NancyЧaimedЧatЧtheЧopeningЧolЧPs·iΘ¸sachës,ΘwhethetЧheЧdidЧitЧdelibetately,Ч
explicitly,ЧotЧelliptically,ЧotЧevenЧmaliciouslyЧ,likeЧEtosЧwhoЧ¨contemplates¨Ч
¹
·ð
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
lsyche,Ч¨hustetedЧandЧmischievous,Ч allЧ atЧonce¨) , ЧitЧtutnsЧoutЧthat,Ч inЧ theЧ
btiel,ЧdiscteetЧpage,ЧtheЧquasi-muteЧ/a//saa,ΘtheЧpowetĐl,ЧtesetvedЧallegotyЧ
thatЧNancy,Ч theЧauthotЧolЧ¨lsyche, ¨Ч allectsЧtoЧdedicateЧtoЧaЧkindЧolЧdeploЛ
tationЧ, lsyche'sЧdeathlyЧsleepЧandЧhetЧimminentЧintetment) ,ЧweЧcanЧdeci-
phetЧaЧstubbotn,Ч itonic,Ч discteet,ЧandЧovetdetetminedЧchaŴlengeЧtoЧAtisto-
tle,ЧtoЧtheЧoneЧwho,ЧatЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧPs·iΘ¸sachës,ΘlaysЧdownЧotЧimpliesЧ
thisЧdoubleЧpossibility,Ч thatЧis,ЧknowledgeЧandЧsell-knowledgeЧolЧtheЧsoul .Ч
HypothesisŃЧwouldЧNancyЧhaveЧchosenЧtheЧwotdsЧ¨atoundЧhet¨Ч lotЧhisЧ
lastЧsentenceЧilЧatЧthisЧpointЧheЧhadЧnotЧhadЧAtistotle'sЧPs·iΘ¸sachësΘinЧview,Ч
evenЧthoughЧheЧvittuallyЧnevetЧmentionsЧit:ЧHeЧinsistsЧonЧ this,ЧwithЧ ctuelЧ
exactitude,ЧandЧlЧemphasizeǒЧ¨SheЧknowsЧnothingЧolЧthis-andЧthatЧisЧwhatЧ
evetyoneЧknowsЧa·sandΘhs·,ΘwithЧsuchЧexactЧandЧctuelЧkƯowledge. ¨Ч
lotЧaccotdingЧtoЧNancy,Ч theЧknowledgeЧolЧ¨thoseЧptesent¨ЧwithЧlsyche,Ч
atoundЧhetЧ,let'sЧsay,Ч¸s·iΘ¸sachës) ,ΘisЧtheЧknowledgeЧsoЧ¨exactЧandЧctuel¨ЧolЧ
whichЧ,andЧthat)Ч lsyche,Ч lotЧhetЧpatt,ЧknowsЧnothing,ЧnothingЧhetsell,ЧolЧ
hetsell-olЧ,andЧltom)ЧhetЧextension,ЧinЧanyЧcase.ЧWeЧ haveЧnotedЧit-itЧisЧ
tepeated,ЧinЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧlanguage,ЧloutЧotЧhveЧtimesЧwithinЧaЧlewЧlines.Ч
1heЧsceneЧgoesЧonĎitЧcettainlyЧplacesЧitsell,ЧilЧoneЧmayЧputЧitЧthisЧwayМ
undetЧlteud'sЧauthotity,Ч otЧatЧleastЧitЧgoesЧwithЧtheЧguatantee,ЧotЧ theЧsecu-
tity,ЧolЧhisЧ¨posthumous¨ЧnoteЧ,lotЧtheteЧisЧalsoЧanothet,ЧmoteЧAtistotelianЧ
lteud.ЧpsychoanalysisЧintendsЧtoЧbeЧknowledgeЧthatЧisЧ¸s·iΘ¸sachësΘandЧac-
cessibleЧtoЧaЧpsycheЧknowingЧitsell,Ч inЧaЧcettainЧway) .Ч
LetЧusЧbeЧattentiveЧtoЧthisЧwtiting,ЧwhichЧisЧsoЧexact,ЧandЧaboveЧallЧtoЧtheЧ
unloldingЧinЧtime,ЧtoЧtheЧthythm,Ч toЧtheЧloutЧbeatsЧinЧtimeЧ olЧthisЧ/a//saaΘ
cican/.ΘAnyЧpictute,Ч/a//saa,ΘotЧpotttaitЧisЧcalledЧaЧzõgİȸhia,Θ otЧ/a//saaΘci-
can/-ŌnΘshott,ЧaЧ¨livingЧpainting¨ЧotЧ¨paintingЧolЧtheЧliving¨ĎinЧGteek.Ч
ßutЧlotЧthisЧonce,ЧheteЧisЧtheЧ/a//saaΘcican/ΘolЧaЧdeath-olЧanЧimminence,Ч
olЧaЧcomingЧdeath,ЧolЧaЧdyingЧwomanЧwhoЧwillЧbeЧdeadЧbeloteЧtheЧendЧolЧ
theЧsentence.Ч ßutЧaЧcotpseЧthatЧhasЧnotЧbeenЧbutiedЧyet. ЧAndЧevenЧilЧthisЧ
weteЧhetЧentombment,Ч sheЧhasЧ notЧyetЧbeenЧconveyedЧintoЧtheЧ gtound.Ч
LatetЧ inЧ theЧyeatЧdutingЧwhichЧ lЧ wtoteЧ theЧ htstЧ vetsionЧ olЧthisЧ textЧ
,i,,z) ,ЧNancyЧgaveЧanЧexttaotdinatyЧconletenceЧaboutЧCatavaggio'sЧpaint-
ingЧIhsΘğsa/hΘs¸Θ/hsΘl·ginΘatЧtheЧLouvte.Ч1heЧtext,Ч¨SutЧ̓eЧseuil¨Ч,¨OnЧtheЧ
1hteshold¨) ,ЧwasЧteissuedЧhtstЧinЧPsɍsis,¹ĽΘandЧthenЧinЧIhsΘMasss,¹ěΘaЧbookЧ
thatЧcomesЧbackЧlotcelullyЧtoЧtheЧquestionЧolЧtouchЧandЧtheЧ¨ptimacyЧolЧ
touch¨Ч , Nancy,ЧMasss,Θ p. ЧЇlВ) Ϭ ЧltomЧthenЧonĎsinceЧNancyЧteletsЧthenЧtoЧ
theЧhtstЧvetsionЧolЧmyЧtext,ЧamongЧothetЧthingsĎinЧoutЧgestutesЧweЧkeepЧ

|
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ |,Ч
meeting,ЧevenЧtouchingЧeachЧothet,ЧatЧallЧpointsЧwheteЧtheteЧisЧaЧquestionЧ
olЧoutЧtouching.ЧAndЧltomЧthisЧ pointЧolЧview,Ч lЧ noЧlongetЧdate,Ч lЧ hatdlyЧ
dateЧapptoachЧNancy'sЧnumetousЧwtitingsЧpublishedЧaltetЧi,,;.Ч
ltЧtemainsЧthatЧoneЧ shouldЧnoЧlongetЧdissociateЧtwoЧ ¨appatitions, ¨ЧtwoЧ
¨visions, ¨Ч howevetЧ singulat.Ч ¨lsyche¨Ч ,i,/?)Ч andЧ ¨OnЧ theЧ 1hteshold¨Ч
,i,,;Ğ,|) .ЧWhatЧlЧventuteЧtoЧtetmЧaЧvisionЧotЧanЧappatition,Ч theЧoneЧin-
spitingЧthisЧlastЧteadingЧolЧIhsΘDsa/hΘs¸Θ/hsΘ li·gin,Θ soЧbeautilulЧitЧleavesЧ
oneЧbteathless,Ч heteЧlooksЧlikeЧ¨lsyche¨ЧinЧaЧttoublăngЧlashion-butЧwith-
outЧauthotizingЧtheЧslightestЧ analogy.Ч lЧ mayЧttyЧtoЧmakeЧthemЧco-appeatЧ
someЧday,ЧwotdЧbyЧwotd,ЧinЧtheitЧinellaceableЧdilletence,ЧbutЧalsoЧinЧtheitЧ
teciptocalЧconvocationЧotЧannunciation-aЧlittleЧlikeЧtheЧtwoЧMatys,Ч theЧ
ŇitginЧ andЧ theЧ SinnetЧ otЧ theЧ lenitent,Ч olЧwhomЧ theЧ lastЧ textЧ speaksŃЧ
¨MatyЧ isЧ theЧ modelЧ olЧMaty,Ч butЧ noЧ hguteЧ isЧ commonЧ toЧ themЧ both. Ч
DoubtlessЧtheyЧtogethetЧteletЧtoЧaЧthitd,Чwho,Чhowevet,ЧisЧnotЧotЧisЧbatelyЧ
aЧhguteЧ. . . . Ч lnЧ theЧEn/sm/msn/ΘbyЧtheЧ sameЧ paintet,Ч theЧċwoЧMatysЧ ateЧ
sideЧbyЧside¨Ч , Nancy,ЧMasss,Θ p.Ч 6;) .Ч
lЧ shallЧ notЧ quoteЧ heteЧ evetyЧsentenceЧthatЧwouldЧ haveЧ suitedЧ ¨lsyche¨Ч
loutteenЧ yeatsЧ eatliet.Ч lЧ letЧ mysellЧgoЧ andЧ imagineЧ thatЧ thisЧ scene,Ч thisЧ
womanЧinЧ ttuth,Ч nevetЧleavesЧhim.Ч sheЧ temainsЧ lotЧhim,ЧinЧltontЧolЧhim,Ч
lotevetЧimmobile,Чimpassive,Чintangible.Ч Chtistianity'sЧ indeconst΅uctible`Ч
WhatЧaЧscene'ЧWhatЧscene`ЧWhatЧwoman`ЧWhyЧshs,ΘwhenЧheЧthinks-soЧ
latЧandЧsoЧpowetlully-thatЧthoughtЧisЧextended,ЧwhenЧonЧthisЧsubjectЧheЧ
quotesЧanЧenigmaticЧsentenceЧbyЧlteud`ЧWhyЧthisЧhallucinationЧolЧoneЧwhoЧ
wouldЧbeЧextended,ЧaЧwoman,ЧandЧaЧbeautilulЧone,ЧsoЧbeautilul ,ЧbeautiĐlЧ
lotЧbeingЧneithetЧdeadЧnotЧalive,ЧetetnalЧyetЧpetpetuallyЧdying,ЧandЧsutviv-
ing,Ч belyingЧdeathЧitsell,Чdeath'sЧevetЧbeingЧthete`ЧlsycheЧasЧMaty,ЧlsycheЧasЧ
MatyЧandЧMaty,ЧÜ ɅoЧotЧthteeЧMatys.ЧtheЧvitgin,ЧtheЧsinnet,Ч theЧpenitent.Ч
|ustЧoneЧexample,ЧbutЧitЧisЧnotЧanЧanswet.ЧAndЧitЧisЧnotЧinЧ¨lsyche, ¨ ЧbutЧ
inЧ IhsΘMasssũΘAsЧalways,Ч sxac/i/adsΘkeepsЧitsЧappointmentЧ ,lЧamЧempha-
sizing.Ч ¨Ч . . . Ч sheЧisЧnotЧsxac/qΘdead¨) .Ч
SbeϞdidϞ notϞdieϞbete.ϞTbeyϞbaveϞ cattiedϞbetϞtoϞ tbisϞ makesbiftϞbedϞwbeteϞtbeyϞ
depositedϞbetϞbody,ϞslackenedϞinϞaϞpostuteϞnotϞyetϞattanged,Ϟ toϞwasbϞitϞbefoteϞ
tbeϞfunetal.Ϟ . . . Ϟ AndϞyet,Ϟ tbisϞ bodyϞisϞhtm,Ϟwbole,Ϟ intactϞ inϞitsϞabandon.Ϟ
ltϞisϞnotϞbeteϞtbatϞtbisϞwomanϞdied,ϞbutϞbeteϞsbeϞisϞnotϞexactlyϞdead.Ϟ OneϞ
migbtϞalsoϞsayϞtbatϞsbeϞisϞtesting,ϞasϞifϞsbeϞweteϞstillϞonϞtb|sϞsideϞofϞdeatb,ϞotϞ
elseϞalteadyϞbeyondϞitϞ. . . . Ϟ
AndϞisϞitϞnotϞfotϞtbisϞteasonϞtbatϞtbeteϞisϞnot,ϞtbeteϞisϞnevetϞ¨deatbϞitseqĚĆ ˰
, Nancy,ϞMases,˰ pp. Ϟ,?-,,)Ϟ
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
AboutЧlsyche'sЧnonknowledge,Ч theЧnotationsЧateЧnumetous-twiceЧinЧ
Getman,ЧloutЧtimesЧinЧltench.Ч ßutЧdilletent,ЧeachЧtime. ЧEachЧpatagtaphЧ
setsЧ lotthЧ oneЧolЧthem-inЧ ltench.Ч ßutЧ eachЧ olЧtheЧloutЧpatagtaphsЧ as-
ctibesЧotЧidentihesЧanothetЧtheme,ЧanothetЧobject,Ч asЧwellЧasЧanothetЧtime,Ч
toЧthisЧnonknowledge.Ч
lsycheЧ doesЧ notЧ knowЧ anything,Ч toЧ beЧ sute.Ч 1hisЧ isЧ undetstoodЧ andЧ
enunciatedЧ inЧ multipleЧwaysЧ ,AtistotleЧwouldЧlutthetЧsay.Ч¸s/a/õsΘ /sgs-
msnsn) .Θ lsycheЧknowsЧnothing.Ч
1 aboutЧtheЧlactЧthatЧsheЧisЧ¨extended¨, Ч
2. aboutЧtheЧlactЧthat,ЧolЧhetЧdispetsionЧ¸a·/ssΘsx/İČΘ¸a·/ss,ΘevetyoneЧsaveЧ
het-saleЧ she-canЧcalculateЧtheЧotdetЧandЧtepottЧonЧtheЧtelations,Ч
)
.Θ aboutЧtheЧlactЧthatЧinЧhetЧsleepЧandЧtheЧabandonЧolЧhetЧpose,Ч¨hus-
tetedЧandЧmischievous,ЧallЧatЧonce,ЧEtosЧcontemplatesЧhet¨,Ч
|.Θ aboutЧtheЧlactЧthatЧlatetЧ,butЧisЧitЧnotЧa/·sad¸Θ¨latet,¨ЧotЧ¨latet¨Чsoon:) ,Ч
inЧ hetЧ colhn, Ч whichЧ isЧ soonЧ goingЧ toЧ beЧ shutЧ ,¨SoonЧ itЧ isЧ goingЧ toЧ beЧ
shut¨Ŭ ЧsheЧisЧdeadЧbut,ЧlikeЧdisappeatance,Ч inhumationЧseemsЧimminentŜЧ
sheЧisЧdeadЧbutЧtemainsЧvisible,ЧsheЧisЧdeadЧbutЧnotЧyetЧaЧdepattedЧ¸ansΘdis-
¸a·asǭ ,ΘsheЧ isЧ onЧtheЧvetgeЧolЧdisappeatingЧbutЧisЧ stillЧvisible,Ч thoughЧsheЧ
doesЧnotЧknowЧhetsellЧtoЧbeЧseen)-well,ЧtheЧothets,ЧinЧtheitЧptesenceЧ¸s·iΘ
¸sachës,Θ seeЧhetЧotЧavettЧtheitЧ eyes-butЧinЧanyЧcaseЧ theyЧ/nsaΘhetЧ ¸laЧsa-
csn/¦Θ.'ǎЧ Exactly.Ч
llЧ¸sachëΘisЧ LileЧitsell,Ч thenЧ moutningЧlsycheЧisЧ notЧj ustЧanyЧmoutningЧ
amongЧothets.ЧltЧisЧmoutningЧitselŲЧltЧisЧabsoluteЧmoutning,ЧmoutningЧolЧ
lileЧitsell,Ч butЧmoutningЧthatЧcanЧneithetЧbeЧas·nΘandЧ/s·nsΘ,noЧlileЧcanЧ
putЧonЧsuchЧmoutningЧanyЧlonget)ЧnotЧgoЧthtoughЧtheЧ¨wotk¨ЧolЧmoutn-
ing.ЧMoutningЧwithoutЧwotkЧolЧmoutning,ЧmoutningЧwithoutЧmoutning.Ч
MoutningЧonЧtheЧthtesholdЧolЧmoutning.ЧOutЧlileЧitsell-isn'tЧit:Ч1oЧ tep-
tesentЧlsycheЧasЧ aЧdeadЧwoman,Ч ¨extendedЧinЧhetЧcolhn, ¨ЧisЧtoЧteptesentЧ
LileЧasЧaЧDepattedЧwomanЧ_csmmsΘansΘMs·/sĂ -deadЧinЧhetЧsleepЧalteady.Ч
WhatЧisЧdyingЧinΘone'sЧsleep:ЧAЧttansitionЧolЧwhic΢ЧweЧateЧtoldЧnothing,ЧasЧ
ilЧonЧputpose,ЧbutЧolЧwhichЧtheЧ tempotalityЧintettuptsЧitsell.ЧWithinЧtheЧ
blankЧthatЧmatksЧtheЧpassageЧltomЧoneЧpatagtaphЧtoЧtheЧnext,Ч
'

IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ] J
HetϞsleepϞi s Ϟs oϞdeepϞthatϞi t ϞhasϞevenϞtobbedϞhetϞofϞanyϞabandonϞi nϞhetϞpose.Ϟ
lsycheϞisϞextendedϞinϞhetϞcofhn. ϞSoonϞitϞisϞgoingϞtoϞbeϞshutϞ.Ϟ
.Ч ƢЧ .ЧtbeЧpassageЧisЧltomЧoneЧtestЧtoЧtbeЧotbet.Ч OneЧbasЧgoneЧltomЧtbeЧsleep-
ingЧwomanЧtoЧtbeЧcotpse-otЧtbeЧtecumbentЧh gute.Ч ltomЧ tbeЧttansientЧ
teposeЧolЧsleepЧ ,ʽSbeЧliesЧatЧtestĥЧ tbeЧsligbtЧmovementsЧolЧsleepЧbaveЧball-
exposedЧ betЧbosom¨), ЧaЧposeЧseemingЧtoЧseduceЧEĒosЧ asЧ mucbЧ asЧ lsycbe'sЧ
nonknowledge,Ч oneЧ basЧ insensiblyЧbecomeЧengagedЧ inЧ tbeЧendlessЧteposeЧ
olЧdeatb.Ч ltomЧtbeЧteposeЧolЧtbeЧpose,ЧoneЧbasЧslidЧtowatdЧtbeЧextendedЧ
extensionЧinЧtbeЧcolh n. Ч
ßutЧactossЧtbeЧintettuption,ЧactossЧtbeЧblankЧonЧtbeЧpage,ЧoneЧbasЧmovedЧ
ltomЧoneЧ immănenceЧtoЧtbeЧ otbet.Ч NoЧsoonetЧasleepЧ ,asleepЧalmostЧallЧatЧ
once),ЧnoЧsoonetЧdeadЧ,deadЧalmostЧallЧatЧonce) ,ЧallЧatЧonce,Ч ¨soon¨Ч lockedЧ
intoЧbetЧcolhn. ЧltecipitatedЧtimeЧolЧimminence,Ч aЧ¨soon¨Ч announcingЧtbeЧ
endЧtatbetЧtbanЧtbeЧlutute,ЧtbisЧisЧtbeЧannouncingЧolЧanЧapocalypse,ЧwbicbЧ
isЧtoЧsay anЧunveilingЧotЧtevelation.Ч
Now,ЧwbatЧtbisЧapocalypseЧtevealsЧisЧnotЧsoЧmucbЧaЧttutbЧasЧtbeЧnigbtЧolЧ
nonknowledgeЧinЧwbicbЧevetyЧdesiteЧgatbetsЧmomentum.ЧEtos'sЧû usteted,Ч
miscbievousЧ contemplationЧ seemsЧtoЧbaveЧtoЧdoЧwitbЧtbisЧnonknowledgeЧ
andЧlsycbe'sЧownЧunknown.Ч EtosЧseemsЧseducedЧbyЧtbatЧwbicb,Ч inЧbet,ЧnoЧ
longetЧallectsЧitselſЧAndЧbyЧtbatЧwbicb,ЧinЧbet,ЧcanЧnoЧlongetЧsayЧ¨lЧtoucbЧ
mysell. ¨ЧIseducesЧtbeteЧwbeteЧIdoesЧnotЧsell-toucb.ЧŅtЧisЧsbe.ЧSbe,Чlsycbe,Ч
isЧdesitable,Чinh nitely,ЧasЧdeatb,ЧÜ aЧdeadЧwomanЧcoming,ЧandЧonlyЧaЧlsycbeЧ
letsЧ betsellЧbeЧdesited,ЧwbeteЧ sbeЧ knowsЧ notbing,ЧleelsЧnotbingЧolЧbetsell,Ч
wbeteЧ sbeЧ pattakesЧ olЧtbeЧdiscontinuousЧdutation,Ч tbeЧ ptecipitationЧ olЧaЧ
dyingЧ ¸msa·ancs¦Θ inЧ wbicbЧ sbeЧ hndsЧ betsellЧwitboutЧ hndingЧbetsellЧal-
teady,ЧinЧbetЧtestЧasЧaЧsleepingЧandЧaЧdyingЧone,ЧsssnΘinЧbetЧdeadlyЧtest,Ч andЧ
sssnΘ invisibleЧandЧ inaccessibleЧstill.Ч sx޸sssdΘtoЧ tbeЧotbetЧandЧsa··snds·sdΘ
¸/ic·és¦ ,Θ butЧa/·sad¸ΘinaccessibϚeЧ andЧ¸as/Θ /s¸·sΘbecomingЧinvisible.Ч Ex-
posed,ЧsuttendetedЧbutЧa͒Θ/ssΘsssnΘdeniedЧtoЧtbeЧotbet'sЧ eyesЧaltetЧbavingЧ
beenЧpteyЧtoЧtbeЧotbetŗsЧbands.Ч MaybeЧasЧaЧdeadЧwoman,ЧasЧonlyЧtbeЧdeadЧ
mayЧ be.Ч ßetweenЧ tbeЧ bandsЧ olЧtbeЧ otbet,Ч suttendetedЧ intoЧ tbeЧ otbet'sЧ
bands.Ч IhsΘs/hs·ƾΘhands. ΘtbisЧ couldЧbaveЧyieldedЧaЧtitleЧ lotЧallЧtbeЧscenesЧ
tbatЧateЧbencelottbЧgoingЧtoЧengageЧus.Ч
1bisЧ/a//saaΘcondensesЧtbeЧnattativeЧellipsisЧolЧanЧallegoty.Ч lsycbeЧisЧex-
posed,Ч suttendetedЧtoЧ tbeЧwotdЧolЧtbeЧotbetЧa·sandΘhs·-andΘa/sa/Θhs·.Θ
lotЧ lsycbe,Ч lotЧaЧpsycbeЧaltogetbetЧexposedЧtoЧ tbeЧ outsideЧandЧtbeЧotbet,Ч
] 2 IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
theteЧisЧnoЧautobiogtaphy,Ч theteЧhasЧ nevetЧbeenЧanyЧ¨lЧ touchЧmyselſ¨Ч NoЧ
pointЧinЧaЧsignedЧautobiogtaphyЧlotЧtheЧ oneЧwho,ЧuntouchableЧtoЧhetselňЧ
leelsЧotЧknowsЧnothingЧolЧhetselŲЧMoutningЧauŕobiogtaphyЧisЧnotЧj ustЧanyЧ
moutningЧamongЧothets,Ч anyЧmoteЧthanЧlsyche'sЧ moutningЧletsЧitsellЧbeЧ
ptecededЧotЧptopetlyЧhgutedЧbyЧanyЧothet.ЧOneЧmightЧasЧwellЧsayЧthat,Чbe-
ingЧunimaginable,ЧitЧcanЧonlyЧgiveЧtiseЧtoЧimages,Чphantasms,ЧandЧspectets,Ч
thatЧis,ЧhƂ gutes,Чttopes,Чallegoties,ЧotЧmetonymiesЧ openingЧaЧpathЧtoЧ/sch-
nics.Θ ßeingЧ undeniable,Ч itЧ canЧ onlyЧleaveЧ toomЧ lotЧ denial .Ч AndЧ soЧ thisЧ
moutningЧwithoutЧmoutningЧwillЧnevetЧbeЧovetcomeЧbyЧany-lailingЧotЧ
successlul-¨wotkЧolЧmoutning. ¨Ч
AtЧ theЧ timeЧ whenЧ heЧattemptsЧ toЧ tethinkЧtheЧquestionЧ olЧ¨sense¨Ч be-
tweenЧ theЧ nameЧ olЧdeathЧ andЧ theЧ vetbЧ lotЧ beingЧ botnЧ ¸na̫/·s¦ ,Θ NancyЧ
dtawsЧtheЧline,Ч exactly,Ч betweenЧ¨wotkЧolЧmoutning¨Ч andЧdeath,ЧbetweenЧ
theЧwotkЧolЧmoutningЧandЧabsoluteЧmoutning.Ч lnЧdoingЧ this,Ч heЧshowsЧ
theЧditectionЧlotЧaЧteptesentationЧolЧtheЧunteptesentable-andЧthisЧcouldЧ
wellЧ beЧaЧwayЧolЧinvitingЧusЧ toЧ ·sad,Θ olЧtellingЧusЧhowЧtoЧ tead,Ч inЧothetЧ
wotdsЧandЧbeyondЧanyЧteptesentation, ЧolЧseeingЧwithoutЧseeingЧhisЧalle-
goticalЧpaintingЧnamedЧPs¸chs.Θ
Death˰isϞtheϞabsoluteϞsignihed,ϞtheϞsealingϞoffϞ_/oac/age]˰ ofϞsense.ϞTheϞ noan˰isϞ
whatϞitϞisϞ,andϞevenϞthisϞ¸ro¸er˰name,˰ ¨Death¨) , ϞbutϞtheϞcer/˰isϞ¨beat,¨ϞtoϞbeϞ
botnϞ ¸naɮtre] .˰
ltϞ isϞ cettainlyϞ neithetϞ falseϞ notϞ excessiveϞ toϞ sayϞ thatϞ allϞ ptoductionϞ ofϞ
sense-ofϞaϞsenseϞ makingϞ senseϞ in˰ this˰sense-ŀs˰aϞdeathwotk.Ϟ TheϞsameϞgoesϞ
fotϞallϞ ¨ideals¨Ϟ andϞ ¨wotks, ¨ϞandϞtheϞsameϞgoes,Ϟ tematkably,Ϟ fotϞallϞphiloso-
phies.ϞlhilosophyϞdistinguishesϞitselfϞbyϞtheϞuniqueϞwayϞitϞptohtsϞftomϞdeathϞ
¸¸oair˰de˰/a˰ Hort] -whichϞisϞalsoϞaϞwayϞofϞassutingϞitsϞownϞpetdutability.Ϟ lhi-
losophyϞisϞignotantϞofϞttueϞmoutning.ϞTtueϞmoutningϞhasϞnothingϞtoϞdoϞwithϞ
theϞ¨wotkϞofϞmoutning¨.ϞtheϞ¨wotkϞofϞmoutning,¨ϞanϞelabotationϞconcetnedϞ
withϞ keepingϞatϞaϞdistanceϞ theϞ incotpotationϞ ofϞtheϞ dead,Ϟ isϞvetyϞmuchϞtheϞ
wotkϞofϞphilosophy,Ϟit˰is˰the˰cer,˰aork˰o¸˰re¸resentationǻ˰ lnϞtheϞend,Ϟ theϞdeadϞ
willϞbeϞteptesented,ϞthusϞheldϞatϞbay˨Ϟ
8utϞmoutningϞisϞwithoutϞlimitsϞandϞwithoutϞteptesentation.Ϟ ltϞ isϞ teatsϞandϞ
ashes.Ϟ ltϞis.Ϟ toϞtecupetateϞnothing,ϞtoϞteptesentϞnothing.ϞAndϞthusϞitϞisϞalsoƖϞ toϞ
beϞbotnϞtoϞthisϞnonteptesentedϞofϞtheϞdead,ϞofϞdeathȬϞ
I˰come˰¸rth˰ and˰/e˰/ornĨ˰ toϞ hndϞoutselvesϞexposed,ϞtoϞex-ist.˰ LxistenceϞisϞ
anϞimminenceϞofϞexistence.ϞŨȃ˰
1hisЧsetsЧollЧaЧdteamƧЧwhatЧilЧPs¸chsΘalsoЧdesctibedЧtheЧpictuteЧolЧanЧim-
minentЧ ¨beingЧbotn¨ :Ч OlЧaЧ comingЧ intoЧ theЧwotld:ЧWhatЧilЧtheЧwotkЧolЧ
|
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ; ;Ч
moutning,ЧphilosophyЧpethaps,Ч philosopbyЧptecisely,Ч latЧ ltomЧonlyЧdeal-
ingЧwithЧ ¨keepingЧatЧ aЧdistanceЧtheЧ incotpotationЧolЧtheЧ dead,¨Ч wete,Ч /¸Θ
aa¸Θs¸Θ/his,Θ wotkingЧonЧ suchЧanЧ incotpotation,ЧonЧaЧdenyingЧavoidance,Ч
/¸Θ aa¸Θs¸ΘtheЧincotpotationЧolЧtheЧdead:Ч
lollowingЧAtistotleЧandЧthoseЧbeyondЧhim,ЧletЧusЧsupposeЧthatЧtheЧhap-
tical,Ч unlikeЧtheЧothetЧ senses,Ч ăsЧ coextensiveЧwithЧ theЧ /icingΘ/sd¸.Θ LetЧusЧ
lutthetЧsupposeЧthatЧ eating,Ч asЧAtistotleЧ alsoЧsays,ЧhasЧ toЧ doЧwithЧtouch. Ч
WhatЧdoesЧincotpotationЧbecome,Чthen,ЧandЧwhatЧdoesЧitЧsigni¦,Ч inЧcon-
cettЧwithЧmoutning:ЧStillЧaЧlivingЧmomentЧolЧlile:ЧOlЧcoutse-howЧcouldЧ
itЧbeЧothetwise:ЧStill,ЧoneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧincludeЧdeathЧwithinЧlile. ЧWouldЧ
thisЧ livingЧ momentЧ olЧlileЧ beЧ anЧ intetiotizationЧ otЧanЧ expulsion:ЧAЧ be-
coming-tangibleЧolЧtheЧuntouchableЧotЧonЧtheЧconttatyЧanЧidealization, ЧaЧ
spititualization,Ч anЧ animationЧ thatЧ ptoducesЧ anЧ intangibleЧ becomingЧolЧ
theЧtactileЧbody,Ч olЧtheЧtouchingЧandЧtouched:Ч
ŅnЧwhatЧwayЧwouldЧthisЧmattixЧolЧquestionsЧgiveЧbitthЧtoЧ theЧquestionЧ
olЧtheЧas·/d`ΘAndЧtoЧtheЧquestionЧolЧ ¸ni/ads`ΘlotЧtheЧhapticalЧisЧnotЧj ustЧ
aЧsenseЧamongЧothets,ЧandЧ inЧ aЧwayЧ itЧisЧ notЧevenЧ aЧ sense,Ч sensuЧsttictoЧ
,we'llЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧthis) ,Чbecause,ЧtoЧevetyЧ¸ni/sΘexistence,ЧitЧtecallsЧwhatЧ
isЧcoming-soЧasЧtoЧptesentЧitЧwithЧsomething,ЧwhatevetЧitЧmayЧbe,Чwhat-
evetЧbeingЧitЧmayЧbe,Ч butЧwhileЧmatking,ЧwithЧtheЧgiltЧolЧthisЧptesentation,Ч
theЧlimitЧatЧwhichЧotЧltomЧwhichЧtheЧptesentationЧannouncesЧitselŠЧ
lilteenЧyeatsЧlatet,ЧinЧi,,ī, ЧaЧpatagtaphЧinЧNancy'sЧ Cs·¸asΘisЧdedicatedЧ
toЧ ¨lsyche'sЧ extension. ¨Ч1hisЧtime,Ч ¨touch¨-thatЧăs,Ч theЧwotdЧ/sachs·Ŕ
comesЧ lotthЧinЧaЧsttangeЧway,Ч aЧmodeЧ thatЧdoesn'tЧletЧoneЧ decideЧwhethetЧ
otЧnotЧitЧisЧaЧhεgute.Ч1hisЧneedsЧtoЧbeЧemphasizedЧ again, ЧsinceЧ inЧtheЧi,/?Ч
text,Чnamely,Ч aЧsingleЧpageЧtitledЧ¨lsyche, ¨ЧtheЧwotdЧ/sachs·ΘnevetЧappeats,Ч
nevetЧasЧ such,Ч notЧdoesЧanyЧwotdЧltomЧthisЧlexicalЧlamily.Ч1hisЧ time,Ч inЧ
i,,ī,Ч hgutativelyЧotЧnot,ЧtouchЧnowЧdesignatesЧnothingЧlessЧthanЧtheЧsell-
telationЧolЧ¨outЧwotld. ¨Ч
¨NotteЧmondeЧssΘ/sachs¨ . ΘoutЧwotldЧtouchesЧitsell,Ч canЧbeЧtouched,Ч isЧ
touched,ЧoutЧwotldЧisΘinΘ/sach.Θ
WouldЧthisЧ meanЧ toЧsay,Ч asЧ ltenchЧgtammatЧallows,Ч thatЧ oneЧtouchesЧ
theЧwotldЧandЧthatЧitЧisЧtouchableЧandЧtangible:ЧNo,Ч notЧonlyЧthat.Ч ¨OutЧ
wotld¨ЧscʛtouchesЧitsell,ЧitЧû exes,Чinû ects,ЧandЧteHectsЧitsell,ЧitЧauto-allectsЧ
andЧheteto-allectsЧitsellЧinЧthisЧway,ЧitЧloldsЧitsell,Ч ontoЧ itsellЧandЧyieldingЧ
toЧitselŠЧ1oЧ beЧsute,ЧitЧtouchesЧitsellЧsoЧasЧtoЧbecomeЧwotld,ЧbutЧalsoЧtoЧexitЧ
ltomЧitselŠЧAndЧitЧisЧtheЧsameЧthing,ЧtheЧsameЧwotld.ЧltЧsell-touchesЧsoЧasЧ
toЧexitЧitsell.Ч ŅtЧtouchesЧ¨something¨ЧinЧitselŠЧ ßutЧthisЧ¨something¨ЧisЧnotЧ
ĕ ĕ

;|Θ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
aЧthingЧandЧtbisЧ¨inЧitsell¨ЧisЧnoЧlongetЧanЧintetiotityďЧ LetЧusЧtathetЧquote,Ч
andЧemphasizeŃЧ¨llЧonlyЧoutЧwotldЧweteЧtoЧundetstandЧthatЧitЧisЧnoЧlongetЧ
timeЧ ċoЧ wantЧ ċoЧ beЧ Cosmos,Ч noЧ moteЧ thanЧ SpititЧovetsizingЧNatute,Ч itЧ
seemsЧthatЧitЧcouldЧdoЧnothingЧexceptЧ/sachΘinΘi/ss¡ΘtheЧabjectionЧolЧles-
tetingЧimmundityЧ_/ŝ/̸sc/isnΘdsΘ/ɢmmsnds˦ . ¨¹
ǒΘ
,AЧpatenthesisЧlotЧaЧmaċtetЧtoЧbeЧdevelopedЧlatet,Ч elsewhete,Ч unlessЧitЧhasЧ
longЧbeenЧdoneЧalteady.ЧatЧthisЧ timeЧinЧtheЧ¨histoty¨ЧolЧtheЧ¨wotld,¨ЧwithЧaЧ
discoutse-tathet,Ч theЧwotld'sЧdsxa-spteadingЧsoЧpowetlully,Чeasily,Ч itte-
sistibly,ЧÜ wellЧasЧviolently,ЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧtheЧsaidЧg/s/a/iȲ/isnΘ,msndia-
/isa/isnΘinЧ ltench,Ч C͓/a/isis·angΘinЧ Getman)ǺЧatЧtheЧ timeЧwhenЧChtistianЧ
discoutseЧconĐsedlyЧbutЧsutelyЧinlotmsЧthisЧdsxaΘandЧallЧthatЧitЧcattiesЧwithЧ
it,Ч beginningЧwithЧ theЧwotldЧandЧ theЧnamesЧ lotЧ itsЧ ¨mundiality, ¨ЧandЧ itsЧ
vagueЧequivalentsЧglobe,Ч univetse,Ч eatth,Ч otЧcssmssΘ,inЧ itsЧ laulineЧusage) ,Ч
Nancy'sЧptopositionsЧmayЧbeЧintetsectingЧwithЧaЧsttandЧolЧHeidegget'sЧptoj-
ectЧ,thoughЧbisЧttajectotyЧisЧquiteЧdilletent) ,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧdechtistianizeЧtheЧ
thinkingЧolЧtheЧwotld,Ч olЧtheЧ¨globalizationЧolЧtheЧworld¨Ч _msndia/isa/isnΘ
daΘmsnds¦ ,ΘolЧtheЧwotldЧinsolatЧasЧitЧmundihesЧotЧmundanizes,ЧwotldihesЧ
otЧwotldizesЧ ,as//s/)Θ itsell.ЧWhatЧNancyЧannouncesЧ todayЧundetЧtheЧtitleЧ
¨1heЧDeconsttuctionЧolЧChtistianity¨łͩЧ willЧnoЧdoubtЧbeЧtheЧtestЧolЧaЧde-
chtistianizingЧolЧtheЧwotld-noЧdoubtЧasЧnecessaryЧandЧlaċalЧasЧitЧisЧimpos-
sibleďЧAlmostЧbyЧdehnition,Ч oneЧcanЧ onlyЧacknowledgeЧthisďЧ OnlyЧChtis-
tianityЧcanЧ doЧ thisЧwotk,ЧthatЧis,Ч undoЧ itЧwhileЧdoingЧitďЧ Heidegget,Ч tooЧ
-HeideggetЧalteady-hasЧonlyЧsucceededЧinЧlailingЧatЧthisďЧDechtistianiza-
ċionЧwillЧbeЧaЧCbtistianЧvictotyď)Ч
WhatЧ ¨outЧwotld¨Ч touchesЧinΘ i/ssĐΘthen,ЧisЧnothingЧelseЧbutЧ thisЧ tejec-
tion.ЧSellčexpulsionЧisЧpreciselyЧwbatЧitЧptoducesďЧ1hisЧthinkingЧolЧ¨touch,¨Ч
olЧtheЧwotld'sЧ¨sell-touching, ¨Ч olЧ¨outЧwotld¨Ч inasmuchЧasЧ itЧisЧ tej ectedЧ
andЧtejectsЧ itsellЧasЧ loulЧandЧlestetingЧ¨immundity,¨Ч isЧgoingЧtoЧdevelopЧ
amplyЧatЧtheЧpointЧwhenЧNancyЧwtitesЧLsΘssnsΘdaΘmsndsΘ, IhsΘSsnssΘs¸Θ/hsΘ
Ĥ·/d) , ¹¹Θ publishedЧ oneЧ yeatЧ latetďЧ lndeed,Ч itЧ comptisesЧ aЧ chaptetЧ onЧ
¨1ouch¨-toЧwhichЧweЧsballЧtetutn-andЧanothet,Ч¨lainting,¨ЧthatЧptol-
letsЧessential,ЧpowetĐlЧ thingsЧ aboutЧ¨theЧthtesholdЧbetweenЧintactnessЧandЧ
touching¨Ч ,SsnssΘs¸Θ/hsΘĤ·/d,Θ pďЧ ·r) .Θ ßutЧaboveЧ all , ЧwithinЧ itsЧvetyЧaxio-
maticsЧ,¨1heЧEndЧolЧtheЧwotld¨ŜЧ¨1heteЧisЧnoЧlongetЧanyЧwotldŃЧnoЧlongetЧ
aЧmandas,ΘaЧcssmssΘ ď ď ď ď Ч lnЧothetЧwotds,ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧlongetЧanyЧsenseЧolЧtheЧ
wotld¨Ч ¸ibidď ,Ч pď Ч|¦ ) , ΘitЧcs··ss¸sndz,ΘinЧaЧway,ЧwithЧtheЧdiscoutseЧotientingЧ
Cs·¸as,ΘaboutЧtejection,Ч abjection,Ч cЉulsionďЧ
WbatЧhappensЧinЧit:ЧAndЧwhyЧdoesЧitЧlallЧtoЧaЧwotkЧtitledЧCs·¸asΘtoЧputЧ

|
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ; ; Ч
inЧ placeЧ aЧ postŨAtistotelianЧ andЧ non-AtistotelianЧ thinkingЧ o l Чtouch,Ч aЧ
thinkingЧthatЧnevetthelessЧcontinuesЧtoЧgtazeЧAtistotelianismЧwheteЧPs·iΘ
¸sachësΘestablishedЧthatЧallЧ olЧtouchЧandЧ allЧ livingЧbeingsЧasЧsuchЧ ateЧ indis-
sociable-anЧindissociabilityЧ,letЧusЧemphasizeЧthisЧonceЧagain)ЧthatЧdoesn'tЧ
holdЧttueЧlotЧanyЧ olЧtheЧ othetЧsenses:ЧWhyЧdoesЧthisЧlallЧtoЧaЧwotkЧtitledЧ
Cs·¸as,ΘaЧtettible,ЧtettiblyЧsa·cas/ic,Θbook-lЧmeanЧtoЧsay,Ч aЧbookЧhavingЧitЧ
outЧwithЧtheЧ¸ssh,ΘwithЧwhatЧisЧtetmedЧtheЧûđeshЧ ,sa·x) ,ΘandЧh tstЧolЧallЧtheЧ
heshЧolЧChtist,ЧinЧanЧimplacablyЧthinkingЧway,Ч anЧexpett,Ч itonic,Ч intetiot,Ч
andЧ bitingЧway,Ч allЧatЧonce:Ч ,AlongЧtheЧway,Ч it'sЧ notЧhatdЧtoЧimagineЧlan-
guagesЧinЧwhichЧtouchЧisЧnotЧcoextensiveЧwithЧallЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧolЧsense,Ч
andЧgivesЧtiseЧneithetЧtoЧtheЧptesupposedЧunityЧolЧaЧsenseЧnamedЧtouchЧnotЧ
toЧthisЧnondelimitableЧthetotic,ЧthisЧendlessЧptolileưationЧolЧhgutesЧlotЧtheЧ
tangibleЧ otЧtheЧ tactile.Ч lnЧ noЧwayЧ wouldЧ lЧ beЧ ableЧ inЧ theseЧ languagesЧ toЧ
wtiteЧwhatЧlЧ amЧwtitingЧhete,Ч otЧ toЧ teadЧ anyЧolЧtheЧ textsЧ weЧ ateЧ teadingЧ
hete,ЧonЧtouching,Ч/sΘ/sachs·ŴΘtheЧunttanslatable.ЧRightЧltomЧtheЧtitle-j ustЧ
likeЧ CsȤas,Θincidentally-itЧcausesЧoneЧtoЧtouchЧtheЧunttanslatable. )łłЧ
lnЧitsЧlashion,ЧtheЧmajotЧteletentЧolЧCs·¸asΘisЧtheЧbodyЧolЧaЧlivingЧbeingЧ
otЧaЧmottal,ЧwhichЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧsameЧthingЧhete.ЧltЧisЧtheЧbodyЧolЧaЧ
beingЧ inЧ theЧ Hesh,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧ say,Ч moteЧ ptecisely,Ч aЧ beingЧ olЧHeshЧ andЧ
blood.Ч ßlood,Ч theЧsignЧ andЧ conditionЧ lotЧ /hisΘanimal'sЧlileЧ ,andЧ notЧlotЧ
evetyЧlivingЧbeing) , ЧisЧalsoЧ theЧvetyЧelementЧolЧthisЧotiginatyЧtej ection,ЧitsЧ
openingЧotЧpassageway.Ч1hete,Чtoo,ЧatЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧtheЧsignsЧ Cs·-
¸asΘmakesЧ inЧtheЧditectionЧ olЧtheЧChtistiǗЧotЧmysticЧbodyЧateЧ manilold,Ч
theteЧwillЧotЧwouldЧbeЧaЧneedЧtoЧwatdЧollЧanyЧtechtistianizationЧolЧblood.Ч
lotЧitЧisЧeasyЧtoЧdesctibeЧChtistianityЧasЧaЧteligionЧolЧblood-beyondЧtheЧ
pointЧwheteЧanyЧteligion,ЧnoЧdoubt,ЧbeginsЧwithЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧblood.Ч
Hete,ЧlЧmeanЧinЧNancy,Ч itЧisЧasЧilЧ¨touchЧinЧitsell¨ЧweteЧtouchingЧbloodЧ
-touchingЧotЧtampetingЧwithЧtheЧtelationЧbetweenЧsenseЧandЧblood,Чbe-
tweenЧ aЧ¨sttokeЧolЧsense¨Ч andЧaЧsanguineousЧ ¨sttoke¨Ч olЧbloodł
ƓЧ
,withЧ aЧ
ptoximityЧotЧ alhnity,Ч inЧltench,Ч betweenЧ theЧlotmet,Чssns,Θ andЧtheЧlattet,Ч
saİʉ,Ч olЧwhichЧlЧaskЧmysell,ЧtheteЧagain,ЧhowЧothetЧlanguagesЧwouldЧttans-
lateЧit,ЧnotЧtoЧmentionЧtheЧplayЧonЧ¨without,¨Чsaİs-devoidЧolЧptivationЧotЧ
negativity-andЧ¨theЧinhniteЧolЧɜ rooɝΘ _csn/} ¨ . ΘcteationЧ¨ai/hsa/ΘaЧcteatot, ¨Ч
¨ai/hsa/ΘptincipleЧandЧend¨Ч _Cs·¸as,Θ pp. Ч ,|,Ч ,;¦ ) . łƔЧlndeed,ЧNancyЧinsistsЧ
onЧthisЧmovementЧolЧtejecϸionЧotЧsellŨexpulsionЧimmediatelyЧaltetЧassett-
ingЧthatЧ¨outЧwotld¨ЧcanЧonlyЧ¨touchЧinЧitsellЧtheЧabjectionЧolЧlestetingЧim-
mundity. ¨Ч SuchЧaЧmovementЧwouldЧhaveЧnoЧcessation,ЧnoЧage,Ч noЧtest,ЧinЧ
sum,ЧitЧwouldЧbeЧotiginaty,Ч theЧotiginЧolЧtheЧwotld.Ч,1heЧnecessatyЧ¨hguteЧ
IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
olЧecotechnics, ¨ЧsuchЧasЧoneЧ seesЧ itЧappeatЧandЧteappeatЧhete,ЧwillЧ latetЧ in-
ttoduceЧusЧtoЧwhat,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme,ЧsinglesЧoutЧNancy'sЧthinkingЧamongЧallЧ
othetЧmodetnЧideasЧ aboutЧtheЧ bodyЧptopet,Ч theЧΖesh,Ч touch,Ч otЧtheЧ un-
touchable,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч theЧtakingЧintoЧaccountЧolЧtechnicsЧandЧtechni-
calЧexapptoptiationЧonЧtheЧvetyЧ¨phenomenological¨ЧthtesholdЧolЧtheЧbodyЧ
ptopet.ЧŮdЧthete,ЧthisЧthinkingЧolЧtouch,ЧolЧtheЧwotldЧandЧolЧtej ection,ЧolЧ
theЧpossibilityЧolЧtheЧwotldЧd possibilityЧolЧ¨itsЧownЧtej ection, ¨ЧseemsЧbothЧ
necessatyЧandЧimpossible,ЧinЧequalЧmeasutes-Ţaş,Чhttingly,ЧhttinglyЧandЧ
j ustlyЧmad,Чj ustЧȎoЧbeЧmad,Чj ustЧlikeЧaЧcettainЧkindЧolЧmadness. )Ч
ThisϞeŁudationϞandϞthisϞintimateϞagitationϞofϞtheϞwotldƋsϞcotpusϞateϞlsyche'sϞ
extension˰. . . . Ϟ ŸhisϞ isϞ notϞ onlyϞtheϞambivalentϞeffectϞofϞallϞnatcissisms.ϞIn˰¸ct,˰
asϞsoonϞasϞ theϞwotldϞis˰aor/d˰itϞptoducesϞitseq˰,itϞeŁpelsϞitself)ϞalsoϞasϞfoulϞimƅ
mundity.Ϟ TheϞwotldϞmast˰tejectϞandϞbeϞtejectedϞ,as)ϞaϞfestetingϞim-mundity,Ϟ
/ecaase˰its˰creation˰aithoat˰a˰creator˰cannot˰contain˰itseʥ˰CteatotsϞcontain,ϞtheyϞ
tetainϞtheitϞcteationϞandϞbtingϞitϞtoϞbeatϞonϞthemselves.Ϟ8utϞtheϞcteationϞofϞtheϞ
wotldϞofϞbodiesϞ comesϞ toϞ nothing,Ϟ andϞfallsϞtoϞ noϞone. Ϟ vʰr/d˰ meansϞ toϞ sayϞ
withoutϞptincipleϞandϞend.ϞandϞthatϞisϞwhatϞs¸acing˰o¸/odies˰meansϞtoϞsay,ϞwhichϞ
inϞitsϞ tutnϞ meansϞ nothingϞeŁceptϞ theϞin-đniteϞimpossibilityϞofϞbomogenizingϞ
theϞwotldϞwithϞitselɚϞandϞtheϞsapϞofϞsenseϞwithϞtheϞsapϞofϞblood.Ϟ OpeningsϞofϞ
tbeϞsanguineϞateϞidenticallyϞthoseϞofϞsense-hÜL est˰enim˰t . o ȣandϞthis˰iden-
tityϞisϞmadeϞonlyϞofϞtheϞabsoluteϞself-tejectionϞthatϞtheϞwotldϞofϞbodiesϞis.˰ŸbeϞ
subjectϞofϞitsϞcteationϞisϞthisϞtejection.ϞŸheϞđguteϞofϞecotechnics,ϞwhichϞptop-
agates,ϞinϞevetyϞsenseϞandϞway,ϞglobalϞswatmingϞandϞtheϞfoulϞcontagionϞofϞim-
mundity,Ϟ isϞ theϞđguteϞofϞthisϞidentity-andϞinϞtheϞend,Ϟ noϞdoubt,Ϟ itϞisϞthisϞ
identityϞitself.Ϟ
AϞbodyϞeŁpelsϞitself,ϞthatϞis,ϞasϞcotpus,ϞdistendedϞspasticϞspace,Ϟtejection-of-
the-subject-¨immundity,¨Ϟ ifϞtheϞwotdϞisϞtoϞbeϞtetained.Ϟ 8utϞ thatϞisϞhowϞtheϞ
wotldϞtakesϞplace.Ϟ
lnϞaϞsense,ϞtheϞcteationϞofϞtheϞwotldϞofϞbodiesϞisϞtheϞ impossibleϞitself.ϞAndϞ
inϞaϞsense,Ϟ inϞaϞtepeatedϞsttokeϞofϞsenseϞandϞsanguinityϞ_de˰sens˰et˰de˰sang} ,˰theϞ
impossibleϞ isϞwhatϞ takesϞ place.Ϟ ŸhatϞ theϞ sensicalϞ andϞtheϞ sanguineϞ haveϞnoϞ
commonϞschemaϞ,notwithstandingϞtheϞsoundϞandϞscentϞofϞtbeitϞsans˰andϞtheϞ
inh niteϞofϞ
º
ÏLL
¹
Źcent} ) ą ˰thatϞcteationϞisϞanϞuncontainableϞdistancing,ϞaϞftactalϞ
andϞatchitectonicϞcatasttophe,ϞandϞthatϞcomingϞintoϞtbeϞwotldϞisϞanϞitteptess-
ibleϞtej ection-allϞthatϞisϞwhatϞbodyϞmeans,ϞandϞwhatϞsense˰means,Ϟhencefotth.Ϟ
ŸheϞsenseϞofϞtheϞwotldϞofϞbodiesϞisϞtheϞģćĈģ-without-limit,Ϟwithout-tesetve,Ϟ
itϞisϞtheϞassutedϞeŁttemeϞofϞextra˰pattes.ϞlnϞaϞsense,ϞthatϞisϞwbatϞsenseϞis,ϞinϞone˰
sense-alwaysϞtenewed,ϞalwaysϞspacedϞout,ϞinϞone˰senseϞandϞan˰othet,ϞinϞa˰cot-
pusϞofϞsenseϞandϞtbusϞinϞallϞ senses,Ϟ butϞwithoutϞpossibleϞtotalization.ϞTheϞab-
IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ;/Ч
soluteϞsenseϞolϞtbeϞwotldϞolϞbodies,Ϟ itsϞcer,˰_memes]˰ mundialityϞ_mondia/ité]˰
andϞcotpoteaľityƔϞtbeϞexctetionϞofϞsense,ϞsenseϞexsctibed.Ϟ
TbinkingϞtbisϞmakesϞoneϞmadϞ. . . . Ϟ tbeϞwotldϞisϞitsϞownϞtej ection,ϞtbeϞtejec-
tionϞolϞtbeϞwotldϞisϞtbeϞwotld.Ϟ ,Nancy,Ϟ Cor¸as,˰ppħϞ ,,-,,)˹ȷϞ
ŞheЧ insistenceЧ andЧ playlulnessЧ ateЧ tematkableЧ hete,Ч andЧ hě tst,Ч amongЧ
othetЧthings,ЧtheЧinsistent,ЧmechanicaǛ,Чmachinelike,ЧandЧquasičmechanisticЧ
tetutnЧ,undetstoodЧasЧ anЧinttoductionЧtoЧ ecotechnics)Ч toЧtheЧsttuctuteЧolЧ
¸a·/ssΘ sx/·aΘ¸a·/ss, ¹ěΘtheЧ ¨assutedЧexttemeЧolЧsx/·aΘpattes, ¨ЧwhichЧ hadЧen-
sutedЧotЧevenЧotganizedЧlsyche'sЧvetyЧbodyĥЧ andЧ then,Ч theЧ playlulЧ gameЧ
basedЧonЧtheЧwotdЧ¨senseLj¨ЧŞheЧplutalityЧolЧtheЧsensesЧolЧtheЧwotdЧ¨sense¨Ч
allectsЧ eachЧ olЧitsЧ twoЧ ptincipalЧ senses.Ч onЧ theЧ sideЧ olЧsignihcation,Ч olЧ
coutse,Ч whenЧoneЧspeaksЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧaЧwotdЧotЧtheЧsenseЧ olЧtheЧwotld,Ч
andЧsoЧlotth,ЧbutЧalsoЧonЧtheЧsideЧolЧtheЧsaidЧsensibleЧlacultiesЧandЧsensitiv-
ity,ЧeachЧsideЧtemainζngЧessentiallyЧmultiple,Ч tesistingЧcommunity,Ч tesistingЧ
itЧpteciselyЧbyЧvittueЧolЧ ¸a·/ssΘsx/·aΘ¸a·/ss,Θ aЧcontiguityЧwithoutЧcontact,ЧotЧ
aЧcontactЧasЧattih cial,ЧandЧthusЧtechnical,ЧasЧsupethcial.Ч
ßyЧ dehƁ nition,Ч thisЧ spaced-outЧ multiplicityЧ canЧ onlyЧ ¨tenew¨Ч itsellĶ
whenceЧthisЧconceptЧolЧcteationЧ ,¨cteationЧolЧtheЧwotldЧolЧbodies, ¨ЧlotЧex-
ample) ,Ч whichЧ NancyЧwillЧ nevetЧgiveЧ up,Ч atЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧ thisЧ cte-
ationЧisЧsaidЧtoЧbeЧ¨withoutЧaЧcteatot¨ЧandЧevenЧ¨impossible,¨ЧtheЧimpossibleЧ
olЧanЧimpossibilityЧthatЧisЧinЧttuthЧwhatЧtakesЧplace.Ч¨theЧimpossibleЧisЧwhatЧ
takesЧplace.¨ЧMadnessĔЧ lЧamЧ temptedЧ toЧsayЧolЧthisЧ uttetance,Ч itsellЧimpos-
sible,Ч thatЧ itЧtouchesЧ onЧtheЧvetyЧconditionЧ olЧthinkingЧtheЧ eventLjЧŞheteЧ
wheteЧtheЧ¸sssi//sΘisЧallЧthatЧhappens,ЧnothingЧhappens,Ч nothingЧthatЧisЧnotЧ
theЧimpovetishedЧunĐtlingЧotЧtheЧptedictableЧptedicateЧolЧwhatЧhndsЧitsellЧ
alteadyЧthete,Ч potentially,Ч andЧthusЧ ptoducesЧ nothingЧ new,Ч notЧ evenЧ acci-
dentsЧwotthyЧolЧtheЧnameЧ ¨event. ¨ЧŞheЧspaced-outЧmultiplicityЧolЧsenses,Ч
andЧolЧtheЧsensesЧolЧsense,ЧandЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtheЧsenses-theЧconditionЧolЧ
cteationЧasЧwellЧasЧ olЧtheЧevent-isЧalsoЧ ,ilЧoneЧmayЧlutthetЧsayЧso)ЧwhatЧ
sanctionsЧthisЧj ustЧmadnessЧolЧthinkingЧotЧlanguage,ЧtheЧmadnessЧ atousedЧ
byЧphtasesЧsuchЧasЧ ¨inЧaΘcotpusЧolЧsenseЧandЧthusЧinЧallЧsenses,ЧbutЧwithoutЧ
possibleЧtotalization. ¨Ч
ǕǛl ЧtheЧconceptsЧolЧNancy'sЧ newЧcs·¸as,Θal l ЧtheЧconceptsЧ thatЧheЧ¨cte-
ated, ¨ЧinЧthisЧnewЧsenseЧolЧtheЧwotdЧc·sa/sΘ,cteatingЧtheЧwotld,ЧtheЧsenseЧolЧ
theЧwotld,Чmundiality,Ч theЧex-sctibedЧotЧex-cteted,Чsense,Ч¨theЧexctetionЧolЧ
sense,ЧsenseЧexsctibed, ¨Ч andЧsoЧlotth)Ч ateЧbotnЧolЧthisЧj ustЧmadness,Ч andЧ
theyЧcallЧlotЧaЧdilletentЧthinkingЧolЧtheЧj ust. Ч
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
WeЧ saidЧthatЧtheyЧateЧ¨botn, ¨ЧlotЧtheseЧca/as/·s¸hicΘthesesЧ ,¨cteationЧ. . . Ч
isЧaЧltactalЧ. . . Ч catasttophe¨)ЧateЧalsoЧthoughtsЧolЧbitth.Ч1heyЧmakeЧusЧgiveЧ
thoughtЧtoЧtheЧbitthЧolЧtheЧbody,Ч olЧtheЧcs·¸as,Θ aЧbitthЧtoЧdistinguishЧheteЧ
ltomЧplainЧotigin. Ч1heyЧ letЧ usЧthinkЧolЧaЧdelivetyЧintoЧ theЧwotldЧ asЧaЧte-
j ection,ЧbutЧalsoЧolЧtheЧpossibilityЧolЧ·s¸sc/isnΘinЧgenetal,ЧtheЧtejectionЧolЧ
theЧbodyЧatЧ bitthЧ asЧwellЧasЧ theЧtejectionЧolЧoneЧolЧitsЧessentialЧpatts-aЧ
ttansplantedЧheatt,ЧlotЧexample-byЧtheЧbodyЧitselŠЧlnЧitsellЧejectable,Чdis-
posable,Чtejectable.ЧŐmmuneЧdisotdetЧisЧalsoЧinΘs·ds·. ¹űΘAllЧthatЧNancyЧwillЧ
latetЧsayЧaboutЧtheЧ¨exsctibed¨ЧessentiallyЧsptingsЧltomЧthis,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme.Ч
AndЧsinceЧitЧisЧalsoЧaЧmattetЧolЧscʛtej ection,ЧthisЧ soutceЧdoesЧtemainЧes-
sentiallyЧautobiogtaphical.Ч ßutЧthisЧisЧttueЧonlyЧatЧtheЧpointЧwhete,ЧasЧweЧ
haveЧnoted,Чlsyche'sЧputeЧautobiogtaphyЧisЧimpossible,ЧandЧtheЧpossibilityЧ
olЧttansplantationЧputsЧitsЧinstitutingЧsignatuteЧthete.Ч1heЧtetutnЧolЧ¨HocЧ
estЧenimЧ. . . Ч ¨Ч inЧthisЧbookЧisЧmoteЧthanЧj ustЧaЧmiseŨenŨscȃneЧsettingЧtheЧ
tableЧlotЧttansubstantiation,ЧwhichЧisЧsa·cas/ic,Θ thatЧ is,Ч motdant-aЧhetceЧ
ttansubstantiationЧ titelesslyЧbiting,Ч motselЧ byЧmotsel,Ч andЧbitingЧagain,Ч
mottallyЧsettingЧuponЧtheЧhesh,Ч puttingЧitЧtoЧdeath,ЧaЧttansubstantiationЧolЧ
theЧEuchatistЧitsell,Ч agitatingЧtheЧwholeЧCs·¸as,ΘshakingЧitЧsometimesЧun-
tilЧitЧbutstsЧoutЧlaughing.Ч1heЧoneЧwhoЧspeaksЧheteЧptesentlyЧhasЧanЧexpe-
tienceЧolЧdeath,Ч andЧtheteloteЧolЧtheЧlivingЧbody,Ч thatЧ cannotЧbeЧinvokedЧ
byЧ anyЧ olЧthoseЧwhoЧ ateЧ likeЧ meЧ andЧ nevetЧ stopЧ thinkingЧ aboutЧ deathЧ
withoutЧhavingЧyetЧhadЧaЧchangeЧolЧheatts-andЧwithoutЧknowing,Чwith-
outЧknowingЧwithinЧtheitЧbodies,ЧwithinЧtheitЧ¨myЧbody, ¨ЧthatЧaЧheattЧcanЧ
beЧ thtownЧ ollЧotЧ tej ected.Ч OlЧcoutse,Ч theyЧ doЧ knowЧ it,Ч butЧ isn'tЧ theitЧ
knowledgeЧ soЧvetyЧpoot,Ч absttact,Ч shamelul,Ч ptotected,Ч andЧ shamelullyЧ
cozy,Ч compatedЧtoЧhisЧknowledge-thatЧolЧtheЧoneЧwhoЧisЧableЧtoЧputЧhisЧ
signatuteЧtoЧCs·¸as,ΘwhoЧha¸¸snsdΘtoЧbeЧableЧtoЧsignЧthatЧCs·¸as`Θ
1oЧ eachЧhisЧotЧhetЧownЧ¨HocЧestЧenimЧ. . . Ч ¨ЧtoЧsign.Ч
WeЧ haveЧtecalledЧone,ЧandЧheteЧisЧtheЧothet,Ч onЧtheЧlacingЧpage,ЧwithЧan-
othetЧaccent,ЧitЧisЧtheЧcontinuationЧolЧtheЧintettuptedЧquotationǒЧ
TbinkingϞtbisϞmakesϞoneϞmad.ϞTbisϞtbinking,ϞifϞitϞisϞaϞtbougbt,ϞotϞtbeϞtbougbtϞ
tbatϞitϞbeboovesϞoneϞtoϞtbinkϞĉƀćĉ-andϞnotbingϞelse.ϞTbisϞtbougbt.Ϟ ¨HocϞestϞ
enim,Ě˰beteϞitϞis,ϞtbeϞwotldϞisϞitsϞownϞteƤ ection,ϞtbeϞteƤ ectionϞofϞtbeϞwotldϞisϞtbeϞ
wotld.Ϟ SucbϞisϞtbeϞwotldϞofϞbodies.Ϟ itϞbasϞinϞitϞtbisϞdisatticulation,Ϟ tbisϞ inat-
ticulationϞofϞŽĿθƧDžģ-enunciatingϞtbeϞwbole,Ϟwide-tangingϞextension˰ o¸˰sense.˰
ln-atticulatingϞuttetanceϞ Źénonciation} -ŏƑaŏ˰isϞtoϞsay,Ϟ signŃƌcation˰ no˰/onge·Ǭ˰
/at˰instead,˰ a˰ LJs¸eakingLj-/od,˰that˰makes˰ no˰ 'ưense, "˰a˰/od,- 'ư¸eak"˰that˰is˰not˰

IhisΘIsΘM¸ Bsd¸Θ ; ,Ч
organizeĸ˰At Ϟlast,Ϟ matetialϞseuse,Ϟ tbatϞi s Ϟt oϞsay,Ϟ maduessϞiudeed,Ϟ tbeϞimmi-
ueuceϞofϞauϞiutoletableϞcouvulsiouϞi uϞtbougbt.Ϟ OueϞcauuotϞtbiukϞofϞless.Ϟ it'sϞ
tbatϞotϞuotbiugņϞ 8utϞtbiukiugϞtbat,Ϟit'sϞstillϞ uotbiug.Ϟ
,ltϞmayϞbeϞ/aghter.˰AboveϞall,ϞuoϞitouiziug,ϞuoϞmockety-butϞlaugbtet,ϞaudϞ
aϞbodyϞsbakeuϞbyϞtbiukiugϞtbatϞcau'tϞpossiblyϞbe. )Ϟ, Naucy,Ϟ Cor¸as,˰p. Ϟ,,)Ϟ
ltomЧtheЧopeningЧpagesЧ onwatd,Ч thingsЧ ateЧcleat.ЧtheЧtitle,ЧCs·¸as,Θh tstЧ
olЧallЧtingsЧoutЧlikeЧsuchЧlaughtet,Ч likeЧaЧsottЧolЧthinkingЧbutstЧolЧlaughtet,Ч
hetceЧ andЧ implacableЧ beloteЧāesus,Ч inЧ ttuthЧ withinЧ theЧvetyЧevangelicalЧ
wotdЧandЧtheЧChtisticЧbody.Ч1heЧwholeЧbookЧ¸·s¸sΘandЧsetsЧuponЧ¨HocЧestЧ
enimЧcotpusЧmeum, ¨ЧthetebyЧannouncingЧhisЧwotkЧinЧptogtess,ЧwhoseЧan-
nouncedЧtitleЧisЧ¨1heЧDeconsttuctionЧolЧChtistianity. ¨ЧßutЧNancyЧbelievesЧ
heЧcanЧ identiƖЧtheЧpowetЧotЧteachЧolЧ¨HocЧestЧenimЧcotpusЧ meum¨ЧwellЧ
beyondЧChtistianЧcultuteЧsttictlyЧspeakingЧandЧheatЧinЧßuddhism,Ч lslam,Ч
andЧāudaismЧanЧ¨obstinate,ЧotЧsublimatedЧpaganism. ¨Ч
Ľnless-whispetsЧtheЧspoilspottЧ thatЧŐЧ haveЧtemained,ЧatЧtheЧpointЧolЧ
lightingЧvotiveЧcandles,Чstill,ЧinЧallЧtheЧCatholicЧchutchesЧinЧtheЧwotld,Чi nЧ
theЧtoleЧolЧincottigibleЧchoitboy,Ч andЧāewish,Ч noЧless-unlessЧ theteЧi sЧnoЧ
ttueЧbeyond,Ч beyondЧwhatЧlЧj ustЧimptudentlyЧtetmedЧ¨ChtistianЧcultuteЧ
sttictlyЧspeaking¨,Ч unlessЧChtistianityЧcattiesЧinЧitsell-andЧallЧbutЧcsns/i-
/a/icsqΘconsistsЧinЧcattyingЧinЧitsell-theЧtesoutce,ЧandЧtheЧlaw,ЧolЧthisЧ de-
sttictutation, Ч olЧitsЧ passageЧ beyondЧ itsell,Ч olЧthisЧ abilityЧtoЧ pattЧwithoutЧ
patting,ЧolЧunivetsalЧabandonЧwhileЧtemainingЧwithЧonesell,Ч inЧaЧwotdЧolЧ
deathЧwithoutЧdying,ЧwithoutЧthisЧ¨deathЧitsell¨ЧevetЧcomingЧabout. Ч1hen,Ч
theЧdeconsttuctionЧolЧChtistianityЧwouldЧhaveЧitsЧinh niteЧtaskЧcutЧoutЧlotЧ
itЧasЧ itsЧ dailyЧ btead.Ч ¨HocЧestЧ enimЧcotpusЧ meum. ¨Ч ßteadЧ lotЧ theЧ , LastЧ
Suppet)Ч stageЧwouldЧ saleguatdЧ theЧ vetyЧ memotyЧ olЧallЧ deconsttuction.Ч
EvangelicalЧandЧapocalyptic.Ч LukeЧandЧāohn.Ч SaintЧAugustineЧtecallsЧthisЧ
cleatlyЧinЧ IhsΘCi/¸Θs¸ΘCsdΘwhichЧalsoЧquotesЧletetЧandЧāohn.ЧAndЧknow-
ingЧhowЧtoЧteadЧwouldЧbeЧenough,ЧilЧoneЧcanЧputЧitЧlikeЧthat.Ч ŐtЧwouldЧbeЧ
enoughЧtoЧheat,Ч butЧheatЧwell,Ч theЧinjunctionsЧaboutЧteadingЧatЧtheЧendЧolЧ
āohn'sЧApocalypse,ЧtheЧtettibleЧ thteatsЧ ͔ungЧatЧthoseЧwhoЧwillЧnotЧheatЧotЧ
doЧnotЧknowЧhowЧtoЧtead,ЧandЧatЧanyoneЧtemptedЧtoЧaddЧotЧsubttactЧsome-
thingЧinЧtheЧwitnessingЧtext,Ч inЧtheЧ¨mattytdom¨Ч desctibingЧtheЧ punish-
mentЧtesetvedЧlotЧthoseЧwho,ЧinsteadЧolЧteadingЧandЧteceiving,ЧwouldЧlikeЧ
toЧentichЧtheЧtextЧlutthet,Ч otЧdepleteЧ it,Ч andЧthenЧwtiteЧ othetwise,Ч some-
thingЧelse-inЧaЧwotd,ЧdeconsttuctЧotЧsign.Ч NancyЧdoesЧnotЧwantЧtoЧbelieveЧ
inЧthis-notЧbeЧaЧbelievet-andЧneithetЧdoЧ l.Ч ßutЧallЧtheЧsame.Ч ŐlЧtheteЧ isЧ
éoΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
deconstructingЧtoЧdo,ЧChtistianityЧisЧitЧ, period) .Ч AƯdЧ llato,ЧptedisposingЧ
oneЧtoЧChristianityĻЧ AndЧHegel,Ч inЧorderЧtoЧsublateЧChtistianityЧintoЧab-
soluteЧknowledgeЧandЧsoЧlotth.łǵЧAndЧMatx,ЧinЧotderЧtoЧsublateЧHegel.ЧAndЧ
Heidegger,ЧwhoЧisЧnevetЧdoneЧwithЧLuthet,ЧwithЧHegel,Чagain,ЧandЧKietke-
gaatd.ЧlorЧaЧcertainЧChtistianityЧwillЧalwaysЧtakeЧchargeЧolЧtheЧmostЧexact-
ing,Ч theЧmostЧsxac/,Θ andЧtheЧ mostЧeschatologicalЧhyperboleЧolЧdeconsttuc-
tion,Ч theЧoverbidЧolЧ¨HocЧestЧ enimЧcotpusЧmeum. ¨ ЧltЧwillЧstillЧmakeЧtheЧ
sacrih ceЧolЧitsЧownЧsell-deconstructionĻЧ Hey,Ч Sade-goЧlorЧit'ЧlotЧtheteЧisЧ
deconsttuctionЧandЧdeconstruction.Ч LetЧusЧneverЧlotgetЧtheЧChtistian,Ч inЧ
lact,ЧLuthetan,ЧmemoryЧolЧHeideggerianЧdeconstructionЧ,ğss/·a//isnΘwasЧ
htstЧdss/·ac/isΘbyЧLuther,Ч anxiousЧtoЧreactivateЧ theЧ originaryЧsenseЧolЧtheЧ
GospelsЧ byЧ deconstructingЧ theologicalЧ sediments) .
Ɠ
ʜЧ LetЧ usЧ neverЧ lotgetЧ
this,Ч lestЧ oneЧ mixЧ upЧ allЧ theЧ ¨deconstructions¨Ч olЧthisЧ time.Ч̭ndЧ olЧtheЧ
wotld.Ч ßutЧ inЧttuth,Ч oneЧ canЧ neverЧlorgetЧ thisЧ ChristianЧ , Luthetan,Ч las-
calian,Ч Hegelian,Ч Kierkegaatdian,Ч Marxian,Ч andЧsoЧlotth)Ч memoryЧwhenЧ
oneЧreadsЧHeidegger,ЧwhenЧoneЧalsoЧquestionsЧhisЧdenials.ЧAЧ¨deconsttuc-
tionЧolЧChristianity, ¨ЧilЧitЧisЧevetЧpossible,Ч shouldЧthereloteЧbeginЧbyЧunty-
ingЧitsellЧltomЧaЧChtistianЧttaditionЧolЧdss/·ac/is.Θ
lЧshallЧ notЧevenЧattemptЧtoЧcomment,Чpataphtase,ЧotЧglossЧtheЧhηrstЧchap-
tetsЧolЧthisЧCs·͡as.Θ1heyЧareЧtooЧrich,ЧandЧtheirЧstitchesЧtooЧtightlyЧwoven.Ч
MyЧsoleЧambitionЧisЧtoЧinviteЧreading,Чinevitably,Ч ditectƄy,ЧandЧwithoutЧin-
tetposition. Ч lЧ amЧ contentЧ toЧ trackЧ theЧ metamotphicЧ displacementЧ olЧ
touch,Ч thereЧwheteЧtheЧtrailЧisЧinЧdangerЧolЧdisappeating.Ч
lndeed,Ч ¨touching, ¨Ч theЧ lexiconЧ olЧtouch,Ч strikesЧ aЧgrammaticalЧposeЧ
andЧheadsЧollЧonЧquiteЧdiverseЧrhetoticalЧsideЧpathsĻ ЧltЧcartiesЧ aЧsemanticЧ
tenotЧwhoseЧspectetЧseemsЧtoЧobeyЧaЧsubtleЧandЧironicЧplay,Ч bothЧdiscteetЧ
andЧ vittuoso. Ч AsЧ ilЧaЧ mastetЧ olЧlanguageЧ airilyЧ madeЧ believeЧ heЧ wasn'tЧ
touchingЧanyЧolЧit.ЧAndЧbyЧtheЧway,Ч isЧheЧdoingЧitЧonЧputpose:ЧOtЧisЧheЧlet-
tingЧ aЧ tteacherousЧ symptomЧ showЧ anЧ obsessionЧ tooЧ sttongЧtoЧ beЧdomi-
natedЧotЧlormalized:ЧAЧdreadЧthatЧisЧwithinЧlanguageЧbeloreЧitЧhauntsЧanЧ
individualЧsubject:ЧAƯdЧwithinЧaЧlanguageЧthatЧchangesЧsense,ЧthatЧ/sachssΘ
sense,Ч oneЧcouƮdЧsay,Ч teachingЧtheЧ presumedЧ coreЧ olЧsense,ЧpassingЧltomЧ
theЧvetbЧ ¨toЧ touch¨ЧtoЧtheЧnounЧ¨touch, ¨ЧorЧltomЧtheЧnounЧtoЧtheЧadjec-
tiveЧandЧtheЧparticipleЧ¨touching¨:Ч
¹´±. 1hus,ЧlotЧexample,Чj ustЧwithinЧtheЧlimitsЧolЧtheЧhtstЧthteeЧpagesЧolЧ
theЧbook,ЧhereЧisЧ/sa˵hs·ΘatЧhrst,ЧaЧijs·/,Θ¨touching¨ЧasЧaЧverbĻЧltomЧtheЧhrstЧ
page,Ч andЧdespiteЧaЧcertainЧ1homas,Ч theteЧisЧaЧsuggestionЧthatЧthisЧ ¨HocЧ
IhisΘIsΘM, Bsd,Θ ér Θ
estЧenimЧ. . . Ч¨ЧendsЧupЧlotbiddingЧusЧtoЧtouch,ЧotЧi nЧanyЧcaseЧseeksЧtoЧkeepЧ
itsЧbodyЧawayЧltomЧanythingЧthatЧcouldЧ /sachΘit.Ч ¨ _ʗ¦ ΎΘisЧ outЧobsessionЧtoЧ
showЧaЧ/hisΘ¸ceciˌΘ andЧ toЧ beЧconvincingЧ,outselves)Ч thatЧ thisЧ thisЧ ¸ceciˍΘ
hetewithЧ _ici¦ ,Θ isΘthatЧwhichЧ oneЧ canЧneithetЧseeЧ notЧtouch,Ч neithetЧheteЧ
notЧelsewheteŧandЧthatЧthisЧisЧ/ha/Θ_ce/¦ ,Θ notЧinЧwhichevetЧway,Ч butЧasΘi/sΘ
/sd,ąΘ1heЧbodyЧolЧ/ha/Θċ ǿa¦Θ ,God,ЧtheЧabsolute,ЧwhatevetЧoneЧwishes) ,ЧthatЧ
ha·ingΘaΘ/sd,,Θ otЧthatЧ/eingΘaЧbodyЧ ,andЧthus,ЧoneЧmayЧthink,Ч ĉthat'Ч beingЧ
/heΘbody-absolutely) .ЧthatЧisЧwhatЧhauntsЧus¨Ч , Nancy,Ч Cs·¸΅s,Θp. Ч·) .Θ
J¹. ßutЧj ustЧaltetЧ that,Ч heteЧ comesЧ aЧ nsan.Θ ŅnЧ otdetЧ toЧ desctibeЧ theЧ
idealizationЧthatЧkeepsЧtheЧbodyЧltomЧtouching,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧseeЧtoЧtheЧsub-
limatingЧsubtetlugeЧotЧtheЧmagicalЧsleightЧolЧhandЧthatЧmakesЧtheЧtangibleЧ
disappeat,Ч NancyЧtesottsЧtoЧ theЧpictotialЧhguteЧolЧtheЧ/sachΘ¸/aΘ /sache} .
Ļ
ĹΘ
1heЧ magician'sЧ hnget,Ч whichЧ makesЧ theЧ tangibleЧuntouchable-thisЧ isЧ aЧ
paintet'sЧpaintbtush.Ч HeЧmustЧknowЧhowЧtoЧ putЧtheЧh nishingЧ¨touch¨Ч toЧ
hisЧsimulactumЧsoЧasЧtoЧmakeЧtheЧbodyЧvanishЧinЧptoducingЧit,Ч andЧsoЧasЧ
toЧ teduceЧ itЧ inЧ allectingЧ itsЧ ptoduction. Ч ĉƈ dž HocЧestЧ enimЧ. . . Ч 'Ч dehes,Ч ap-
peasesЧallЧoutЧdoubtsЧaboutЧmeteЧillusions,ЧgivingЧtoЧ theЧtealЧtheЧttueЧhn-
ishingЧtouchЧolЧitsЧputeЧldea,ЧthatЧis,ЧitsЧteality,Ч itsЧexistence.Ч OneЧwouldЧ
nevetЧbeЧdoneЧwithЧ modulatingЧ theЧvatiantsЧ olЧtheseЧ wotdsЧ ,tandomlyЧ
listed.Ч egsΘ samΘ¸theЧtitleЧolЧthatЧothetЧgteatЧbookЧbyЧNancy,Ч thusЧdealingЧ
withЧegologicaŴЧhȋctionͪ ,ЧnudesЧinЧpainting,ЧRousseau'sЧSscia/ΘCsn/·ac/,ΘNietz-
sche'sЧmadness,ЧMontaigne'sЧ Essais,ΘAntoninЧAttaudŗsЧ ĉnetve-metet'Ч _Peseƭ
neͱ¦ ) ¨ Θ ,ibid. , Ч p. Ч ·) .Θ llЧ oneЧ teadsЧ whatЧ lollows,Ч itЧ goesЧ theЧ wayЧ olЧtheЧ
wholeЧcultute,Ч ¨theЧwholeЧtextuteЧintetweavingЧus¨.Ч ¨Bsd,. ΘthatЧisЧhowЧweЧ
inventedЧit.ЧWhoЧelseЧinЧtheЧwotldЧknowsЧit:¨Ч,ibid. ) .Ч
¯Å³±±. Now,Чj ustЧaltetЧtheЧvetbЧandЧtheЧnoun,ЧheteЧcomesЧtheЧatttibuteЧ
olЧaЧpastЧpatticipleЧotЧa˸ec/i·e,ΘinttoducedЧbyЧaЧ¨soon¨Ч ¸si/é/}Θ thatЧisЧmoteЧ
ttoublingЧthanЧevet.Ч¨AsЧ soonЧasЧitЧisЧtouchedЧ. . . . Ч ¨ЧAsЧlotЧthisЧdesensitiz-
ingЧopetation,Ч indeed,Ч thisЧanesthesia,Ч thisЧsublimatingЧidealizationЧthatЧ
ptoducesЧtheЧbody,Ч theЧ¨this¨ЧandЧ¨hete¨ЧolЧtheЧbody,Ч whileЧmakingЧitЧin-
accessibleЧtoЧ touch,ЧweЧknowЧthatЧitЧengendetsЧanguish-anguishЧbeloteЧ
death,ЧasЧitЧwete,Ч butЧptotectingЧitsellЧagainstЧitsell,ЧaЧsottЧolЧanesthesiaЧolЧ
anesthesia,ЧaЧeuthanasiaЧconttactЧaltetЧtheЧtetmsЧolЧwhich,ЧwhileЧptetend-
ingЧoneЧisЧdealingЧoutЧdeathЧtoЧonesellЧuntilЧtheЧendЧolЧtime,ЧoneЧendsЧupЧ
succeeding.Ч
WeЧ ask,ЧWhatЧisЧ /hisΘ ¸ceciź ·ΘAndЧwhyЧdoesЧ theЧ¨this¨ЧolЧlamousЧ ¨senseЧ
cettainty¨ЧevapotateЧinЧtheЧvetyЧindetetminationЧolЧallЧhete-and-nowЧandЧ
allЧ this:Ч OneЧdoesЧnotЧhaveЧtoЧwaitЧlotЧHegel'sЧPhensmens/sgđΘs¸ΘS¸iri/ΘtoЧ

IhisΘIs-s¸/heΘO/herΘ
sulletЧ theЧwoundsЧ olЧtheЧ saidЧ ¨senseЧ cettainty. ¨Ч lnЧ otdetЧ toЧ desctibeЧtheЧ
pointЧatЧwhichЧtheЧlattetЧisЧallЧatЧonceЧattainedЧandЧwoundedЧ,¨attained¨ЧinЧ
theЧsenseЧolЧ¨teached,¨ЧbecomeЧaccessible,ЧbutЧalsoЧteachingЧoutЧtowatdЧanЧ
¨attaint, ¨ЧandЧtheЧsenseЧolЧaЧhatmЧthatЧisЧ¨sustained¨) ,ЧNancyЧsaysЧolЧitЧthatЧ
itЧisЧ¨touched¨. ЧnoЧsoonetЧhasЧ oneЧattainedЧit,ЧnoЧsoonetЧhasЧ oneЧtouchedЧ
it,ЧnoЧsoonetЧdoesЧoneЧbelieveЧoneЧisЧtouchingЧit,ЧthanЧoneЧwoundsЧit,Чhnd-
ingЧitЧhatmedЧalteady,Чattainted,ЧcutЧinto,ЧvulnetableЧatЧonce,ЧandЧevenЧsick.Ч
ltЧisЧnotЧwhatЧitЧusedЧtoЧbe,ЧnotЧwhatЧoneЧbelievedЧitЧtoЧbe.ЧWakingЧltomЧ
thisЧanesthesia,ЧsenseЧcettaintyЧbecomesЧmad. ЧltЧmixesЧupЧevetything.ЧWhatЧ
makesЧsense,ЧRimbaudЧsays,Ч ateЧtheЧsensesЧinЧdisattay.ЧAdjective,Чatttibute,Ч
pastЧpatticiple.Чĉ˖ŭsЧsoonЧasЧitЧisЧtouched,ЧsenseЧcettaintyЧtutnsЧtoЧchaos,ЧtoЧ
tempest,Ч andЧevetyЧsenseЧtoЧdisattay.Ч_ɹ¦Θ ßodyЧisЧcettaintyЧstattledЧandЧshat-
teted.ЧNothingЧisЧmoteЧptopetlyЧolЧoutЧoldЧwotld,Ч nothingЧmoteЧloteignЧtoЧ
it¨Ч ,ibid. ,Чp.Ч,). Ч
Ź²³ RetouchingЧtheЧvetb.ЧWhatЧinЧlactЧhappensЧj ustЧaltetЧthat-altetЧ
theЧvetb,ЧtheЧnoun,ЧtheЧpastЧpatticiple,ЧotЧadjectiveЧhaveЧhadЧtheitЧtutn:Ч
WeЧtutnЧtoЧtheЧvetbЧtouchet,Ч¨toЧtouch, ¨Чagain. Ч latadox.Ч weЧ shallЧ nowЧbeЧ
shownЧthatЧilЧoneЧhasЧsoughtЧ,asЧinЧ¹´±) notЧtoЧ¨touch,¨ЧtoЧkeepЧtheЧbodyЧ
ltomЧtouching,ЧilЧoneЧhasЧlongedЧlotЧtheЧuntouchable,Ч ilЧoneЧhasЧhadЧtoЧ
addЧaЧ¨ȇnishingЧtouch¨Ч ,asЧinЧ¯À¹) toЧtheЧidealizationЧandЧtheЧconjutingЧ
awayЧolЧtouch,ЧilЧsenseЧcettaintyЧisЧthusЧ¨touched¨Ч byЧthisЧ ,asЧinЧ¯Å³±±)
untilЧ theЧ sensesЧ ateЧ inЧ disattay,Ч itЧisЧ becauseЧ olЧaЧ desiteЧ otЧ aЧ hypetbolicЧ
hungetЧtoЧ¨touch, ¨ЧtoЧbeЧwhatЧoneЧwantsЧtoЧtouchЧbyЧeatingЧit. Ч ¨1ouch¨Ч
tutnsЧ atound,Ч andЧ evetythingЧseemsЧ toЧ beЧ decided.Ч AllЧ olЧNancy'sЧ newЧ
conceptualityЧ ɧBegr̶ich/ei/) ,Θ aЧ seizingЧ put-uponЧ otЧatЧ gtipsЧwithЧ one'sЧ
gtasp,ƒ'ЧteceivesЧtheЧmatkЧolЧthis,Ч beginningЧwithЧanothetЧthoughtЧolЧtheЧ
body,Ч olЧtheЧ mundaneЧ andЧ ¨immund¨Ч wotld,Ч andЧolЧlteedom, ЧandЧhtstЧ
andЧlotemost,ЧolЧwhatЧltomЧnowЧonЧexcri/esΘitsellЧasЧtheЧexŤscri/edΘ,asЧex-
pulsion, ЧotiginatyЧabj ection,ЧandЧsoЧlotth) .Ч
AtЧthisЧ tutningЧpointЧ,thoughЧ oneЧ couldЧhndЧ othetЧmetonymies) ,Ч oneЧ
seizesЧagainЧtheЧtesoutceЧotЧsptinglockЧolЧNancy'sЧthinking-hisЧaeighing,Θ
asЧ weЧ shallЧsayЧlatet-andЧinЧit,Чlet'sЧsay,ЧthatЧwhichЧmightЧmakeЧaЧ/eamΘolЧ
theЧscales-otЧaЧ¨ûđail, ¨Ч otЧevenЧ ¨scoutge,¨ЧtheЧ¨ûį ail¨Чptopet,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧ
sayЧevetyЧsenseЧolЧtheЧltenchЧwotdЧ̏a.Θ anЧinsttumentЧlotЧthteshingЧotЧ
ûʕagellating,Чevil,Чcalamity,Ч cataclysmЧ otЧdisastet,ЧbanelulЧwound,Чsome-
times,Чptecisely,Ч theЧscalesЧ otЧscoutgeЧotЧûįailЧĸ¸ΘGod,ЧotЧasЧGod,ЧbutЧespe-
cially anЧimplementЧolЧj usticeЧwithЧscalesЧthatЧaeighΘexac/ƠΘ necessariƠΘ /heΘ
an/hin/a//eΘandΘanaeigha//eΘ_/ƺim¸e´n)sa//e} ,Θ /heΘim¸sssi//e,Θ /heΘan/ear-
IhisΘIsΘM, Bsd,Θ
a//s,Θ andЧgiveЧtbeЧimmenseЧitsЧexactЧmeasute.ЧAЧquestionЧolЧbeatts,ЧandЧolЧ
loteignЧbodies,ЧaЧquestionЧolЧexapptoptiationЧolЧtheЧownmostЧandЧ mostЧ
ptopet,Ч asЧautoimmuneЧdesiteЧolЧtbeЧptopet,Ч lЧ wouldЧsay.ЧAnЧimplacableЧ
deconsttuctionЧolЧmodetnЧphilosopbiesЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopetЧandЧtbeЧ¨ûʖesb. ¨Ч
SoЧi t ЧsbouldЧsutptiseЧnoЧoneЧtbatЧtbisЧtutningЧatoundЧolЧtouchЧsbouldЧptoČ
duceЧtbeЧconceptЧolЧsx-/i·¸a/isn,Θsx¸a/sisnΘolЧtbeЧdesitable,ЧolЧtbeЧsxsc·i/sdΘ
andЧ theЧ /sd,Θ¸·-¸angΘ otЧ /ss/,Θ dutingЧ theЧ coutseЧ oΆЧaЧ sequenceЧwitbЧ tbeЧ
LastЧSuppetЧbusyЧeatingЧtbeЧbody-inЧttutb,ЧeatingЧGod'sЧbeattЧout,Ч theЧ
SactedЧHeatt.Ч
8utϞinstantly,Ϟ always,Ϟ itϞisϞaϞfoteignϞbodyϞthatϞshowsϞitself-monsttanceϞofϞaϞ
monstetϞimpossibleϞtoϞswallowħϞThete'sϞ noϞgettingϞaway,Ϟ oneϞisϞcaughtϞupϞinϞaϞ
vastϞwasteϞofϞimagesϞ sttetchingϞftomϞaϞChtistϞwhoϞdaydteamsϞovetϞhisϞunleav-
enedϞbteadϞtoϞaϞChtistϞwhoϞ extitpatesϞ ftomϞhimselfϞaϞthtobbing,Ϟ bloodyϞ Sa-
ctedϞHeattħϞThis,Ϟ thisϞħ ħ ħ Ϟ this˰ isϞalwaysϞ tooϞmuch,ϞotϞnotϞenough,ϞtoϞbeϞthat.˰
AndϞ allϞ theϞwaysϞ ofϞthinkingϞtheϞ ¨bodyϞptopet,¨Ϟ theϞlabotiousϞ effottsϞ toϞ
teapptoptiateϞwhatϞwasϞbelievedϞtoϞbeϞunfottunatelyϞ¨objectih ed, ¨ϞotϞ¨teihed¨,Ϟ
allϞtheϞwaysϞofϞthinkingϞaboutϞtheϞbodyϞptopetϞateϞcontottionsϞofϞcompatableϞ
scope.Ϟ theyϞendϞupϞwithϞ nothingϞbutϞtheϞ expulsionϞ ofϞwhatϞoneϞwishedϞfotħϞ
8eingϞinϞanguish,ϞwishingϞtoϞsee,ϞtouchϞandϞeatϞtheϞbodyϞofϞGod,ϞtoϞ/e˰thisϞ
bodyϞandϞtoϞ/e˰nothing˰/at˰/̥a/ɺΘ allϞthatϞmakesϞupϞtheϞptincipleϞofϞ,un)ϞteasonϞ
ofϞtheϞWestħϞAtϞaϞsttoke,ϞtheϞbody,Ϟ anyϞbody,Ϟ anyϞofϞtheϞbody,Ϟ necer˰takes˰¸/ace˰
there,˰ andϞ es¸ecia/þ˰not˰ahen˰ one˰names˰or˰sammons˰it˰there˰ lotϞus,Ϟ theϞ bodyϞ
isϞalwaysϞsactihced-holyϞhost.Ϟ
lfϞ¨HocϞestϞenimϞcotpusϞmeum¨ϞsaysϞanything,ϞitϞisϞoutsideϞandϞbeyondϞanyϞ
wotdsϞ _hors˰de˰¸aro/eŽ ,˰ itϞisn'tϞsaid,ϞitϞisϞexsctibed-theϞbodyϞlostϞinϞaϞmindlessϞ
thtustϞ _ſ˰cor¸s˰¸erda] .˰ , Nancy,Ϟ Cor¸as,˰pħ Ϟ,)ȵ˺Ϟ
OneЧisЧnevetЧdoneЧwithЧanЧanalysisЧolЧtbeЧvatiations,ЧandЧkeysЧtoucbedЧ
upon, ЧinЧplayingЧthisЧbymnЧtoЧtoucb,ЧtoЧtactlulЧhngeting,ЧwhicbЧisЧtoЧsayЧ
toЧcončtactЧasЧ intettuptedЧcontacẗЧAltetЧ tbeЧ passageЧlЧ haveЧj ustЧquoted,Ч
ovetЧtenЧ sbottЧpages.Ч ¨tbeЧbodyЧmas/ΘtoucbЧdown¨Ч ,p.Ч rr) , ¨Wtiting. Ч toЧ
touchЧ onЧexttemity¨Ч , p.Ч r z) Ĉ Θ¨NotbingЧelseЧbappensЧ toЧwtiting,Ч tben,Ч ilЧ
sometbingЧshouldЧhappenЧtoЧit,ЧexceptЧ/saching.Θ MoteЧptecisely.ЧtoucbingЧ
theЧ bodyЧ . . . . Ч WtitingЧtoucbesЧ tbeЧ body,Ч byЧ essenceЧ. . . Ч tbat'sЧwbeteЧ it'sЧ
toucbing¨Ч ,p.Ч i;) Ŝ Ч¨pointsЧolЧtangency,Ч toucbesЧ. . . Ч ¨Ч ,p.Ч i|) .
ƓƓЧ
SballЧoneЧj oinЧbimЧwbenЧbeЧsaysЧtbatЧtbisЧbistotyЧolЧtbeЧwotldЧandЧtbeЧ
bodyЧisЧ metelyЧ Cbtistian,Ч otЧevenЧAbtahamic,Ч andЧ limitedЧ toЧ tbeЧWestЧ
,¨ptincipleЧolЧ,un)ЧteasonЧolЧtheЧWest¨) ` ЧAndЧtoЧtbeЧbodyЧ¨lotЧus, ¨Чimply-
ingЧ ¨we, ¨Ч tbeЧāewisb,Ч Cbtistian,Ч otЧMuslimЧ beitsЧ olЧ¨HocЧenimЧ cotpusЧ
.
|

. ¸
IhisΘIs-s¸/heΘO/he·Θ
meum, ¨ЧasЧ theЧbegănningЧolЧtheЧtextЧsuggestsЧ it:Ч OtЧisЧitЧaЧunivetsalЧ¨his-
toty¨ :Ч OtЧlutthet,Ч inЧgteatetЧlikelihood,Ч theЧhistotyЧolЧtheЧptoductionЧolЧ
evetyЧ¨univetsalism¨ЧandЧ¨globalization¨-thtoughЧtheЧobligatotyЧpassageЧ
olЧaЧ sutteptitious,Ч autoimmune,Ч andЧ globalatinizingƒƔЧ Chtistianization:Ч
AndЧ theteloteЧ toЧ beЧ begunЧ inЧ Latin,Ч withЧ ¨HocЧ enimЧ cotpusЧ meum¨Ч
,Matt.Ч ī6.Ч ī6) , ЧtathetЧthanЧtheЧGteekЧ1oĈČoĕ ēo1vĕfoĕ ċæĂoĕ ΍ϛ͚͐. ƒĭЧ
ŅsЧlsycheЧaЧbeautilulЧChtistianЧwoman:ЧŅsЧsheЧoneЧotЧtheЧothet,Ч oneЧandЧ
theЧ othet,Ч olЧtheЧ twoЧ MatysЧ whoseЧ lascinatingЧhallucinationЧ inspitedЧ usЧ
withЧaЧlewЧquestionsЧsomeЧtimeЧago:ЧAndЧwhatЧilЧtheteЧweteЧsevetalЧ¨bod-
ies¨ЧinЧtheЧwotld,ЧandЧwhatЧilЧthisЧbodyЧotЧthatЧothetЧoneЧtesistedЧtheЧChtis-
tianЧcotpus,Ч sometimesЧwithinЧtheЧvetyЧheatt,ЧtheЧvetyЧbodyЧolЧaЧChtistian:Ч
AtЧtheЧvetyЧsameЧtimeЧwhenЧaЧnon-ChtistianЧcanЧconvetselyЧinhabit,Чwith-
outЧ knowingЧit,Ч aЧChtistianЧbody:Ч OthetЧcultutes,Ч pethapsЧ evetyЧcultute,Ч
couldЧhaveЧptoducedЧthisЧidealizingЧanesthesia,ЧthisЧneuttalization,ЧthisЧeu-
thanasiaЧolЧtheЧbody,Ч evenЧbeloteЧbeingЧtouchedЧ ,beЧitЧinditectly)Ч byЧanyЧ
vittualЧChtistianizationŎ Ч
1oЧ avoidЧanyЧconlusion,ЧisЧitЧnecessatyЧtoЧchangeЧwotds,Чthen,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧ
tellЧtheЧdihetenceЧolЧbodies:ЧŅsЧitЧnecessatyЧtoЧtesottЧtoЧanothetЧtetmЧinsteadЧ
olЧ¨cotpus¨ :ЧAndЧinsteadЧolЧ¨touch,¨ЧotЧ¨touching,¨ЧbyЧtheЧsameЧtoken:Ч
NancyЧmayЧ bƽЧ suggestingЧ this,Ч andЧ hƽtƽЧ oneЧ canЧ measuteЧwhatЧ isЧ atЧ
stakeЧinЧ aЧttanslation.Ч OneЧwondetsЧwhoЧwillЧbƽЧableЧ toЧtellЧ usЧwhatЧhap-
pensЧwhenЧoneЧttanslatƽsЧcs·¸s.Θ LetЧusЧj ustЧthănkЧolЧtheЧdilh cultiesЧthatЧal-
teadyЧawaitЧusЧinЧtheЧsnuggestЧWestetnЧdomesticity.ЧhowЧisЧoneЧtoЧ ttans-
lateЧinЧoneЧwotdЧtheЧdilletenceЧbetweenЧKƁ·¸e·ΘandЧLei/·ΘAndЧasЧlotЧ/sd,Θ
inЧ EnglishЧ ,inЧ allЧ theЧ places,Ч lotЧ example,Ч wheteЧ itЧ isЧ anЧ obsessionЧ lotЧ
AmeticanЧcultuteЧandЧacademia) ,ЧwhoЧcouldЧoneЧ leadЧwithЧaЧsttaightЧlaceЧ
toЧbelieveЧthatЧitЧisЧaЧttustwotthyЧequivalentЧolЧallЧthatЧweЧtetmЧcs·¸s,Θcs·¸sΘ
¸·s¸·e,Θ otЧchai·Θ¸heshɼ :ЧAndЧ onceЧ itЧhasЧbeenЧ subjectedЧtoЧtheЧeuthanasicЧ
testЧolЧanesthesiaЧolЧwhichЧweЧspeak,Чdoesn'tЧitЧtathet,Чsoonet,ЧallЧtooЧsoon,Ч
vetyЧsoonЧtutnЧintoЧaЧsottЧolЧ¨cotpse, ¨ЧtheЧmotƽЧotЧlessЧglotiousЧbodyЧolЧaЧ
cadavet:ƒɣЧ ŐnЧaЧwotd,Ч whenЧ lteudЧ seemsЧ toЧlayЧtheЧpsycheЧ uponЧtheЧhoti-
zontalityЧolЧaЧsutlace,ЧonЧaЧbedЧotЧaЧ¨couch,¨ЧwhenЧheЧspeaksЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧ
olЧpsycheЧasЧbody,Ч onЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧthisЧsubmissiveЧandЧsubjectedЧsubjec-
tivity,Ч andЧextension,ЧisЧheЧtelettingЧtoЧtheЧChtistianЧbody:Ч
1oЧ sayЧolЧlsycheЧthatЧsheЧisЧ¨extended,¨ЧevenЧilЧEtosЧhasЧenoughЧtactЧnotЧ
toЧtouchЧhet,ЧisЧtoЧ tecallЧthatЧsheЧtemainsЧotЧshouldЧtemainЧtangible,ЧasЧ aЧ
body-againstЧDescattesЧandЧagainstЧKant,ЧagainstЧextensionЧwithoutЧbody,Ч
againstЧintelligibleЧextensionЧandЧagainstЧtheЧextensionЧolЧputeЧsensibilityЧ
IhisΘIsΘM, Bsd,Θ
devoidЧolЧanyЧempiticalЧsensation.Ч ltЧisЧalsoЧ toЧtecallЧwhatЧlteudЧ hadЧsaidЧ
aboutЧthis,Чptecisely,Ч inЧthisЧ ¨posthumous¨Ч note,Ч theЧ¨btielЧtune¨ЧquotedЧ
ǘ tst̡Ч¨lsycheЧistЧausgedehnt,ЧweissЧnichtsЧdavon. ¨Ч
SheЧknowsЧ nothingЧolЧthis,ЧatЧtheЧpointЧwhenЧoneЧspeaksЧ olЧi t, ЧsheЧisЧ
boundЧtoЧaЧsectet,ЧsheЧknowsЧnothingЧolЧhetsell-inЧpatticulat,Ч olЧhetsellЧ
extended,ЧandЧtheteloteЧalwaysЧlatЧoll,Ч sell-distanced,ЧnoЧmattetЧhowЧcloseЧ
sheЧ is. Ч1angible,Ч toЧ beЧsute,ЧyetЧuntouchable.Ч lotЧEtos,Ч atЧ least.ЧAtЧ leastЧ
whenЧEtosЧisЧ tactlul .ЧAndЧexpetienced-otЧevenЧanЧ expett-inЧcatesses.Ч
WhatЧisЧstillЧneededЧltomЧheteЧon:ЧAnЧexplanationЧasЧ toЧwhyЧtheЧPs·iΘ
¸sachësΘolЧoutЧtimeЧisЧ nowЧcalledЧCs·¸as,ΘbyЧāean-LucЧNancy.Ч
ĕ ĕ
¹
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thc NOW OÌ ÍbstÌncnCc
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»cm gchclc niclt cinc llilosoplic, dcrcn Kcim cin crstcr Kuss ist:
»lo vould not likc a plilosoply vlosc kcrncl is a hrst kiss:
÷lovalis
WhatЧtoЧgiveЧ him,ЧandЧhow`ЧWouldЧitЧhaveЧtoЧ be`Ч DoesЧ itЧhaveЧtoЧbe`Ч
lЧdidЧnotЧknowЧwhatЧtoЧptesentЧasЧanЧolletingЧtoЧ|ean-LucЧNancyЧinЧot-
detЧtoЧtellЧhimЧolЧmyЧgtatitudeЧandЧadmitation,ЧwhoseЧlimitsЧlЧcannotЧevenЧ
measute,ЧwhichЧlЧhaveЧleltЧlotЧhimЧlotЧtooЧlong-andЧhaveЧseenЧtevivedЧotЧ
tejuvenatedЧtooЧolten-evenЧtoЧattemptЧtoЧtellЧmysellЧtheitЧstoty.Ч1heteЧisЧ
noЧdeclatationЧlotЧtheseЧthings,Ч theyЧshouldn'tЧbeЧdeclated,Ч eithetЧpubliclyЧ
otЧptivately.Ч
lotЧtheteЧisЧaЧ/aaΘܸΘ/ac/.Θ
lethapsЧ theЧ lawЧ isЧ alwaysЧ aЧlawЧܸΘ/ac/.Θ 1hisЧlaw'sЧlawЧhndsЧ itsellЧthete,Ч
beloteЧanything.Ч1heteЧ isЧ thisЧlaw,Ч andЧitЧisЧtheЧlawЧitsell,Ч theЧlawЧolЧtheЧ
law.Ч OneЧcannotЧimagineЧwhatЧaЧlawЧwouldЧbeЧinЧgenetalЧwithoutЧsome-
thingЧlikeЧtact.ЧoneЧmustЧtouchЧwithoutЧtouching.Ч lnЧtouching,ЧtouchingЧ
isЧlotbidden̢ЧdoЧnotЧtouchЧotЧtampetЧwithЧtheЧthingЧitsell,Ч doЧnotЧtouchЧ
onЧwhatЧtheteЧisЧtoЧtouch.ЧDoЧnotЧtouchЧwhatЧtemainsЧtoЧbeЧtouched,ЧandЧ
htstЧolЧallЧlawЧitsell-whichЧisЧtheЧuntouchable,Ч/e¸·eΘallЧtheЧtitualЧptohi-
bitionsЧ thatЧthisЧotЧthatЧ teligionЧotЧcultuteЧmayЧ imposeЧ onЧtouching,Ч asЧ
suggestedЧeatliet.ЧAndЧthisЧenjoinsЧusЧtoЧtespect,Ч andЧaboveЧallЧtoЧtespectЧĖnЧ
theЧKantianЧsense,ЧsoЧtoЧspeak,ЧwheteЧitЧisЧhtstЧolЧallЧtespectЧlotЧtheЧlaw,Чte-
spectЧlotЧwhichЧisЧpteciselyЧtheЧcaaseΘolЧtespect,Ч thatЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч inЧtheЧhtstЧ
place,ЧtoЧtespectЧtheЧlawЧtathetЧthanЧtheЧpetson. Ч1hisЧonlyЧgivesЧanЧexam-
pleЧolЧit.Ч RespectЧcommandsЧusЧtoЧkeepЧoutЧdistance,ЧtoЧtouchЧandЧtampetЧ
neithetЧwithЧtheЧlaw,Ч whichЧisЧtespectable,Чnot-thetelote-withЧtheЧun-
66ĕ
IheΘ|n/sacha//eŠΘ s·Θ/heΘloaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
touchable.Ч1heЧ untouchableЧisЧ thusЧ keptЧ atЧaЧdistanceЧbyЧtheЧgaze,Ч otЧ·eȶ
ga·dΘinЧltenchЧ,meaningЧ·es¸ec/ΘinЧ itsЧņatinЧptovenance) ,Ч otЧ inЧ anyЧcaseЧatЧ
anЧattentiveЧdistance,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧwatchЧoutЧcatelully,ЧtoЧguatdЧ ,asЧ inЧach/en,Θ
Ach/ang,Θ inЧ ŏetman)Ч againstЧtouching,Чallecting,Чcottupting.Ч OneЧisЧnotЧ
toЧtouchЧtheЧlawЧcommandingЧthatЧoneЧnotЧtouch. ЧHastyЧconclusion. Чtact,Ч
oneЧ couldЧsay,ЧisЧwhatЧcsn¸nesΘtoЧtheЧ otiginЧ andЧtheЧ essenceЧ olЧlaw.ЧAndЧ
oneЧshouldЧ undetstandЧtact,Ч notЧinЧtheЧ commonЧ senseЧolЧtheЧtactile,ЧbutЧ
inЧtheЧsenseЧolЧknowingЧhowЧtoЧ touchЧ ai/hsa/Θtouching,ЧwithoutЧtouch-
ingЧ/ssΘmach,Θ wheteЧtouchingЧisЧ alteadyЧtooЧ much. Ч1actЧtouchesЧ onЧ theЧ
otiginЧolЧtheЧlaw.Ч|ustЧbately.ЧAtЧtheЧlimit. ЧßyЧessence,Чsttuctute,ЧandЧsitu-
ation,ЧtheЧendutanceЧolЧaЧlimitЧasЧsuchЧconsistsЧinЧtouchingЧai/hsa/Θtouch-
ingЧtheЧoutlineЧolЧaЧlimit.Ч
1heteЧisЧaЧlawЧolЧtact.ЧūЧ
ßeloteЧanyЧvowЧolЧabstinence,ЧbeloteЧanyЧsellƠimposedЧintetdict,ЧisЧtheteЧ
anЧ untouchable,Ч ateЧ theteЧ untouchables:Ч AndЧ whatЧ isЧ mote,Ч quasi-
ttanscendentalЧ ones:Ч OneЧmightЧthinkЧso,Ч lotЧsuchЧaЧvowЧolЧabstinenceЧ
couldЧhatdlyЧtetainЧ usЧ andЧ imposeЧ anyЧtesttaintЧexceptЧwheteЧsomeЧ un-
touchableЧ temainsЧ atЧ leastЧ possible,Ч alteadyЧpossible.Ч Convetsely,Ч whatЧ
wouldЧsuchЧaЧvowЧolЧabstinenceЧbeЧilЧ/he·eΘtouchingЧweteЧnotЧalwaysЧpos-
sible,ЧehectivelyЧpossibleЧotЧptomised:ЧWhatЧilЧthisЧpossibilityЧolЧtheЧptom-
ise,Ч thisЧ ptomisedЧpossibility,Ч weteЧnotЧalteadyЧ/he·e,Θ notЧheteЧ butЧ/he·e,Θ
hauntingЧabstinenceЧitselňЧsometimesЧtoЧtheЧpointЧolЧintensi¦ingЧitsЧttans-
gtession,ЧtheЧunlotgivableЧpetjutyЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧtheЧintetdict:ЧlsЧthisЧdou-
ble,Ч undecidableЧlogicЧ,EtosЧinЧmoutningЧatЧtheЧmostЧintenseЧolЧEtos'sЧliv-
ingЧdesite)Ч alteadyЧaЧlogicЧolЧtheЧunconscious:Чlethaps. Ч
1heteЧi sЧaЧlawЧolЧtactЧthete. 'Ч
1ouching,ЧinЧanyЧcase,ЧthusЧtemainsЧlimittophe,ЧitЧtouchesЧwhatЧitЧdoesЧ
notЧtouch,ЧitЧdoesЧnotЧtouch,ЧitЧa/s/ainsΘltomЧtouchingЧonЧwhatЧitЧtouches,Ч
andЧwithinЧtheЧabstinenceЧtetainingЧitЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧitsЧdesiteЧandЧneed,Ч
inЧanЧinhibitionЧttulyЧconstitutingЧitsЧappetite,ЧĖtЧeatsЧwithoutЧeatingЧwhatЧ
isЧ itsЧ noutishment,Ч touching,ЧwithoutЧtouching,Ч whatЧ itЧcomesЧtoЧculti-
vate,Чelevate,Чeducate,ЧdtillЧ¸d·esse·}Θ ,/·e¸hein) .Θ
ßutЧwhatЧmëchanë,ΘwhatЧttick,ЧwhatЧlatalЧmachinationЧdoesЧsuchЧaЧlawЧˮĴ
waysЧkeepЧinЧstote:ЧßetweenЧtwoЧgivenЧotdets-yes,ЧgivenЧasЧgivenЧasЧmuchЧ
¦
ï
6?Ч IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/he·Θ
asЧ otdetedЧ ,doЧtouchЧ butЧdsΘns/Θtouch,ЧinЧnoЧway,Ч doЧtouchЧai/hsa/Θtouch-
ing,ЧdoЧtouchЧ/a/ΘdoЧwatchЧoutЧandЧavoidЧanyЧcontact)-itЧinЧehectЧinstallsЧ
aЧkinshipЧthatЧisЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧcsn¸anc/i·eΘandЧdi͹anc/i·eąΘWotseЧthanЧ
that,ЧitЧbtingsЧintoЧcontactЧbothЧconttadictotyЧotdetsЧ,doЧdoЧandЧdoЧnotЧdo) , Ч
thusЧexposingЧthemЧtoЧcontaminationЧotЧcontagion.ЧßutЧwhatЧi tЧthusЧbtingsЧ
intoЧcontact,ЧotЧtathetЧintoЧcontiguity,Ч¸a·/esΘex/·aΘ¸a·/es,Θ isЧhtstЧolЧallЧcon-
tactЧandΘnoncontact.ЧAndЧthisЧcontactЧwithoutЧcontact,ЧthisЧbatelyЧtouchingЧ
touchЧisЧunlikeЧanyЧothet,ЧinЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧallЧitЧtouchesЧisЧtheЧothet.Ч
1heteЧisЧnoЧlacileЧthinkingЧotЧlotmulationЧwhatsoevetЧinЧthis-tathet,Ч
itЧisЧmadness.Ч ŅtЧisЧ cettainlyЧalwaysЧ possibleЧpainlesslyЧtoЧ ptoduceЧ andЧte-
ptoduceЧtheseЧpatadoxicalЧlotmulas.ЧŐtЧisЧcettainlyЧalwaysЧpossibleЧtoЧspeakЧ
asЧ aЧsomnambulist,Ч toЧhandleЧsymbolsЧsttippedЧolЧanyЧintuition,łЧtoЧpto-
nounceЧappatentlyЧpatadoxicalЧsyntagmasЧsuchЧas,ЧtoЧdehneЧ¨tact¨ЧotЧ¨hn-
geting¨Ч ¸dsiƗé} ,ΘlotЧexample,Ч¨touchЧwithoutЧtouching,¨Ч¨contactЧwithoutЧ
contact,¨Ч otЧ¨contactЧwithoutЧcontactЧbetweenЧcontactЧandЧnoncontact. ¨Ч
ßutЧoneЧcettainlyЧleelsЧ,asЧwillЧbeЧvetihed,ЧandЧvetihųedЧpteciselyЧbyЧtest-
ingЧtheЧvetyЧsensesЧolЧtheЧwotdЧ¨sense,¨ЧolЧtheЧltenchЧsensΘotЧsen/i·,ΘwhichЧ
tendЧtoЧcomeЧdown,ЧthoughЧnotЧteductively,Ч toЧtheЧwotdЧ¨touch¨)ЧthatЧltomЧ
AtistotleЧtoЧNancy,ЧapotiasЧ,otiginallyЧAtistotle'sЧwotd) ,ЧÜ apotiasЧolЧtouch,Ч
leadЧusЧtoЧthinkЧtheЧessenceЧolЧtouchЧonlyЧthtoughЧlanguageЧthatЧpatadoxi-
cal,Ч moteЧthanЧconttadictotyЧandЧhypetdialecticalЧ,ŖЧwithoutЧŖ,ЧŖЧ" non-Ŗ,Ч
ŖЧ" conjunctionЧandĘotЧdisjunctionЧolЧŖЧplusЧandЧminusЧŖ,ЧandЧsoЧon) .Ч
WheteaboutsЧ olЧtheЧimpossible.Ч isЧ tactЧ ,tactЧ thatЧ wouldЧ knowЧhowЧtoЧ
touchЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧaЧcontactЧwithoutЧcontact)Ч knowledgeЧotЧkƯow-
how:ЧŐsn'tЧthisЧanЧimpossibleЧknowledgeЧotЧaЧthinkʐngЧolЧimpossibleЧknowl-
edge:ЧĕetЧoneЧtecognizesЧinЧitЧtheЧhguteЧolЧtheЧLaw,Ч capitalЧLaw,ЧledЧbyЧitsЧ
uppetcaseЧ lettet.Ч Hete,Ч beloteЧ anyЧ othetЧ ,teligious,Ч ethical,Ч j utidical,Ч otЧ
othet)Чdetetmination,ЧweЧheatЧandЧundetstandЧlawЧÜ commandment,ЧwhichЧ
isЧtoЧsayЧtheЧintettuptionЧinЧtheЧcontactЧotЧcontinuityЧwithЧwhatЧweЧhaveЧ
leatnedЧtoЧcallЧ¨natute. ¨ ЧNow,ЧoneЧcanЧspeakЧolЧtactЧ,lotЧexample) ,ЧandЧcon-
tactЧwithoutЧcontact,ЧonlyЧwheteЧtheteЧisЧaЧlawЧdictatingЧotЧptesctibing,ЧandЧ
enjoiningЧwhatЧisЧnotЧ,natutal) .ЧAndЧthisЧisЧptoducedЧinЧ¨natute, ¨ЧwellЧbe-
loteЧman,ЧandЧalwaysЧbeloteЧtheЧdistinctionЧbetweenЧtheЧbeingsЧandЧtheЧliv-
ing.ЧAndЧthatЧisЧenoughЧtoЧdiscteditЧevetyЧoppositionЧlundamentally.Ч na-
tuteĘcultute,Ч natuteĘmindЧotЧconsciousness,Ч¸h,sis͂nsmss,Θ /hesisΘotЧ/echnƍΘ
animalityĘhumanity,Ч andЧsoЧlotth.Ч
NowЧinЧthisЧtegatdЧitЧisЧnoЧlongetЧpossibleЧtoЧaskЧtheЧϲuestionЧolЧtouchЧ
inΘgene·a/,Θ tegatdingЧsomeЧessenceΘolЧtouchЧinЧgenetal,Ч /Ə·eΘdetetminingЧ
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ s·Θ/heΘ˖oaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
theЧ¨who¨ЧotЧtheЧ¨what,¨ЧtheЧtouchingЧotЧtouched,ЧwhichЧweЧshallЧ notЧtooЧ
hastilyЧcallЧtheЧsubjectЧotЧobjectЧolЧanЧact.Ч1heteЧisЧnotЧinЧtheЧh tstЧplaceЧ/heΘ
senseЧolЧtouch,ЧlollowedЧbyЧsecondatyЧmodih cationsЧthatЧallowЧtheЧvetbЧtoЧ
beЧcompletedЧbyЧaЧsubjectЧotЧaЧcomplementЧ,thatЧis,ЧwhatЧtouchesЧwhomЧ
otЧwhat,ЧwhoЧtouchesЧwhomЧotЧwhat) .Ч
1heteЧisЧlittleЧdoubtЧthatЧAtistotleЧtookЧ intoЧ accountЧaЧdihetentialЧttans-
lotmationЧolЧtouchЧdependingЧonЧtheЧdivetsityЧolЧtangibleЧthings,ЧandЧpet-
hapsЧonЧwhatЧthisЧgtammaticalЧdisttibutionЧmayЧspeci¦.ЧHowevet,Ч lotЧlackЧ
olЧsulhcientЧindicationsЧonЧthisЧsubject,
ƓЧ
oneЧwondetsЧwhethetЧinЧAtistotle'sЧ
Pe·iΘ¸sachës,Θ hisЧ tteatiseЧ onЧ touch,Ч theteЧwasЧ toomЧ lotЧ //sasΘ,lotЧsttikingЧ
blowsЧinЧallЧtheitЧmultiplicity,Ч aЧmultiplicityЧthatЧmayЧnotЧbeЧteducibleЧtoЧ
anyЧgenetalЧblow)Ч otЧca·essesΘ,allЧsttoφngЧcatesses,ЧwhichЧmayЧnotЧbeЧacces-
sibleЧ eithetЧbyЧwayЧolЧanyЧsubsumptionЧundetЧoneЧconceptЧolЧtheЧcatessЧinЧ
genetal) .ЧAЧblowЧisЧpethapsЧnotЧaЧkindЧolЧdesttuctiveЧtouching,Ч indeed,ЧolЧ
theЧexcessiveЧtangibilityЧthat,ЧasЧAtistotleЧalteadyЧnoted,ЧcanЧhaveЧdevastatingЧ
ehects.Ч Likewise,Ч sttokingЧisЧnotЧ onlyЧaЧspeciesЧolЧsoothing,Чbenehcial,ЧandЧ
pleasantЧtouch,Ч pleasuteЧenjoyedЧbyЧcontact.Ч SttikingЧandЧsttokingЧaddtessЧ
aЧ¨who¨Ч tathetЧthanЧaЧ¨what, ¨Ч¨theЧothet¨Ч tathetЧthanЧ someЧ othetЧinЧgen-
etal.Ч SuchЧaЧlivingЧ¨who¨Ч isЧnoЧmoteЧ necessatilyЧhuman,Чmoteovet,Ч thanЧitЧ
isЧaЧsubjectЧotЧanЧ¨l. ¨ЧAndЧaboveЧallЧitЧisЧnotЧaЧmanЧanyЧmoteЧthanЧaЧwoman.Ч
What,Ч then,Ч isЧ aЧtteatiseЧolЧtouchЧthatЧsaysЧnothingЧaboutЧ this. Ч ¨WhoЧ
touchesЧwhom:Ч AndЧ how:¨, Ч ¨WhoЧ sttikesЧ whom:ЧWhoЧ sttokesЧ whom:Ч
ǕndЧwhy:ЧAndЧhow:¨ЧLetЧusЧinsistЧagainЧthatЧvatiousЧcausesЧotЧqualitiesЧdoЧ
notЧcomeЧandЧmodi¦ЧotЧmodalizeЧoneЧsingle,Ч sellsame,Ч ptesupposedЧgen-
etalityЧolЧwhatЧweЧ convenientlyЧtetmЧ theЧ ¨catess¨Ч andЧ theЧ ¨blow. ¨Ч1heteЧ
again,Ч theyЧ constituteЧ aЧ multiplicityЧwithoutЧtheЧ hotizonЧ olЧaЧtotalizableЧ
unity.Ч lot,ЧletЧusЧnotЧhideЧthisЧltomЧoutselves,ЧbyЧthisЧsttoke,ЧandЧwithЧaЧca-
tess-aЧcatessЧ mayЧbeЧaЧblowЧ andЧviceЧvetsa-itЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧcon-
ceptualЧconditionЧolЧconcepts.ЧAndЧletЧusЧnotЧexcludeЧeithetЧthatЧcettainЧex-
petiencesЧolЧtouchingЧ,olЧ¨whoЧ touchesЧwhom¨)Ч doЧnotЧsimplyЧpettainЧtoЧ
blowsЧandЧcatesses.ЧWhatЧaboutЧaЧkiss:ЧlsЧitЧoneЧcatessЧamongЧmany:ЧWhatЧ
aboutЧaЧkissЧonЧtheЧmouth:ЧWhatЧaboutЧaЧbitingЧkiss,ЧasЧwellЧasЧevetythingЧ
thatЧcanЧ thenЧbeЧexchangedЧbetweenЧ lips,Чtongues,Ч andЧteeth:ƔЧAteЧblowsЧ
wantingЧthete:ЧAteЧtheyЧabsentЧinЧcoitus,Ч inЧallЧtheЧpenettationsЧotЧactsЧolЧ
homosexualЧotЧhetetosexualЧsodomy:ЧlsЧaЧ¨catess, ¨ЧmoteЧsoЧthanЧaЧ¨blow, ¨Ч
enoughЧolЧaЧconceptЧtoЧsayЧsomethingЧolЧthisЧ expetienceЧolЧ¨touching¨Ч olЧ
whichЧAtistotle,ЧlollowedЧbyЧallЧthoseЧwhoЧcameЧaltetЧhimЧinЧtheЧgteatЧtta-
ditionalЧphilosophyЧolЧtouch,Ч hatdlyЧbteathedЧaЧwotd:Ч
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/he·Θ
AsЧlotЧNancy,Ч heЧdoesЧ notЧlailЧtoЧnameЧtheЧcatessЧandЧtheЧblow,Ч otЧmoteЧ
ptecisely-lotЧije·/sΘandЧgestutesЧateЧwhatЧĎoIJnts-s/·s/ingΘandЧs/·i/ing,Θ
amongЧaЧ nonhě niteЧ numbetЧolЧothetЧ expetiences,Ч inЧ whatЧ heЧ tetmsЧ theЧ
¨tactileЧcotpus, ¨ЧundetЧtheЧheadingЧ¨Weighing¨Ч ¸ Ƹɠeséeƺ' ¦ . ΘOlЧcoutse,ЧlЧamЧ
undetscotingЧtheЧwotdsЧs/·i/ingΘandЧs/·s/ing,Θ asЧwellЧasЧaЧpointЧthatЧwillЧbeЧ
impottantЧlotЧusЧlatetЧon,ЧinЧthatЧtheteЧisЧnoЧsexualЧdihetenceЧmatkedЧheteЧ
asЧ aЧdualЧotЧdissymmetticЧopposition,ЧwhichЧdoesЧ notЧ meanЧ thatЧsexualЧ
dilletenceЧisЧ notЧtakenЧ intoЧ account-onЧtheЧ conttaty.Ч ¨1actileЧcotpusǒ Ч
skimming,Чgtazing,Чptessing,ЧpushingЧin,Чsqueezing,Чsmoothing,Чsctatching,Ч
tubbing,Чs/·s/ing,Θ palpating,Ч gtoping,Ч kneading,Ч massaging,Ч embtacing,Ч
hugging,Чs/·i/ing,Θ pinching,Ч biting,Чsucking,Чwetting,Чholding,ЧlettingЧgo,Ч
lickăng,Ч jetking,Ч looking,Ч listening,Ч smelling,Ч tasting,Ч avoiding,Ч kissing,Ч
ctadling,Чswinging,Чcattying,Чweighing. ¨ĭЧ
WhyЧdoesЧheЧendЧhisЧlistЧhete:ЧWhatЧtightЧhasЧheЧtoЧdoЧso:ЧAteЧtheteЧop-
etationsЧ thatЧ ateЧ completelyЧ independentЧ olЧanyЧtactileЧ semanticsЧ andЧ
thetotic:Ч AndЧ thatЧ wouldЧ tightlullyЧ beЧexcludedЧltomЧ thisЧ seties:Ч 1hisЧ
questionЧwillЧtemainЧwithЧus,ЧundetЧthisЧlotmЧotЧanothetŜЧitЧconcetnsЧwhatЧ
thisЧcotpusЧhasЧleltЧoutĔЧ ßutЧtheЧoppositeЧquestionЧalsoЧloomsǒЧitЧconcetnsЧ
inclusionЧnoЧlessЧthanЧexclusion. ЧAndЧso,ЧbyЧclassi¦ingЧ¨looking¨ЧandЧ¨lis-
tening¨ЧinЧaЧtactileЧcotpus,ЧdoesЧoneЧlollowЧthisЧttaditionalЧotЧevenЧclassi-
calЧgestuteЧ,aЧgestuteЧweЧshallЧkeepЧtecognizingЧlatetЧon) ,ЧwhichЧconsistsЧinЧ
includingЧsightЧandЧheating,ЧasЧwellЧasЧa/ΘtheЧsenses,ЧinЧtheЧgenetalЧotЧlun-
damentaƮЧsenseЧolЧtouch:Ч1hisЧhypothesisЧisЧconh tmedЧj ustЧaltetwatdЧbyЧ
theЧinclusionЧolЧ¨smelling¨ЧandЧ¨tasting, ¨ЧtheЧsenseЧolЧsmellЧandЧtheЧsenseЧ
olЧtasteĔЧOt,ЧonЧtheЧconttaty,Ч ăsЧitЧaЧmattetЧolЧchallengingЧinЧthatЧttaditionЧ
thatЧwhichЧwouldЧpettainЧtoЧtetainingЧonlyЧtheЧmostЧptopetЧandЧmostЧlit-
etalЧinЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧtouching:ЧWhatЧcouldЧmakeЧoneЧleanЧtowatdЧtheЧsec-
ondЧhypothesisЧinЧthisЧlistЧwouldЧtathetЧbeЧtheЧinclusionЧolЧvetbalЧexptes-
sionsЧsuchЧasЧ ¨lettingЧgo¨Ч _/˪che·¦Θ otЧ¨avoiding¨Ч ¸é·i/e·¦ ,ΘwhichЧtathetЧthanЧ
touchingЧseemˮЧ onЧtheЧconttaty,Ч litetallyЧtoЧsigni¦Чnoncontact,Ч intettup-
tion,Чspacing,ЧaЧhiatusЧatЧtheЧcoteЧolЧcontact˾tact,Чptecisely'ЧAndЧtheЧheatt-
beat,ЧwithЧitsЧsyncopalЧintettuptions,ЧwhichЧgivesЧitsЧthythmЧtoЧpulse,Чpul-
sion,ЧotЧevenЧhapticalЧcompulsion,ЧtheЧlMÌ olЧcončtact,ЧcomingЧtoЧlinkЧotЧ
conjoinЧonlyЧwheteЧ disconnectionЧ temainsЧatЧwotk,Ч asЧwellЧasЧ aЧpossibleЧ
disj unctionĔ ЧNotЧtoЧmention,ЧinЧthisЧteckoning,ЧthatЧtheЧltenchЧgtammatЧ
olЧthisЧ cotpusЧ andЧtheЧ setiesЧ olЧttansitiveЧ vetbsЧ telettingЧtoЧ anЧobjectЧolЧ
senseЧleadЧtoЧtheЧdiscovetyЧolЧmoteЧundecidableЧones,ЧundecidablyЧttansi-
tiveЧandĘotЧinttansitiveЧones,Ч¨wetting,¨ЧlotЧexample,ЧbutЧespeciallyЧ¨weigh-
ing, ¨ЧwhichЧweЧhaveЧyetЧtoЧexamine.Ч
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ srΘ/heΘloaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
/
NjЧ
lЧhaveЧsomethingЧlikeЧaЧvisionЧolЧtheЧĐtute,Чthen.ЧlЧimagineЧgenetationsЧ
olЧphi|osophets.ЧDoЧyouЧseeЧthem,ЧasЧlЧ do,Ч soonЧleaningЧovetЧthisЧpageЧbyЧ
Nancy,ЧovetЧthisЧ/ac/i/eΘcsr¸asΘasЧovetЧaЧtab|eЧolЧcategoties`ЧAЧcotpus,ЧuponЧ
aЧtab|eЧwithoutЧopetationsЧotЧanatomyЧlessons,ЧbutЧwithЧsoЧmanyЧptoblemsʯЧ
AndЧasЧwithЧallЧtablesЧolЧcategoties,ЧltomЧAtistotleЧtoЧKant,ЧoneЧwouldЧaskЧ
onesellЧwhethetЧthisЧ listЧ isЧttulyЧgtoundedЧ andЧ closable,Ч otЧheteЧotЧtheteЧ
thapsodic.Ч
litstЧ olЧall , ЧwhatЧ hasЧ entit|edЧ me,Ч too-whyЧhaveЧlЧ undetscotedЧ twoЧ
vetbsЧ inЧthisЧ cotpus,Чs/rs/ingΘandЧs/ri/ing·ΘWhyЧthisЧ ptivilege-ilЧnotЧasЧaЧ
concessionЧtoЧ aЧlogicЧthatЧ lЧ hadЧcalledЧintoЧquestionЧaЧlittleЧeatliet`ЧSup-
poseЧthatЧlЧdidЧitЧlotЧsheetЧpedagogicalЧotЧptovisionalЧconvenience,ЧsoЧasЧtoЧ
tieЧinЧagain,ЧinЧaЧbatelyЧvisible,Чelliptical,ЧandЧvittualЧlashion,ЧwithЧaЧptob-
lematicЧandЧtextsЧthatЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧmentionЧandЧthatЧweЧshallЧsoonЧttyЧ
toЧtecognize,ЧinЧthisЧchaptetЧandЧtheЧlollowingЧones.̫Ч
1henЧ comesЧ aЧ questionЧ lotЧ Nancy,Ч asЧ lЧ j ustЧsaid.ЧwhyЧcloseЧ thisЧ |ist`Ч
WhyЧthisЧwayЧolЧpunctuating`ЧAndЧlotЧaЧcotpusЧotЧtable,ЧwhatЧdoЧtheЧsus-
pensionЧpointsЧsigni¦ЧilЧnotЧaЧconcessionЧtoЧaЧvagueЧ¨etЧcetetȂ `ЧAndЧwhyЧ
notЧaЧdeduction,Чthen`ЧWhyЧanЧenamera/isn,Θ aЧ¸ax/a¸ssi/isnΘ,¸ar/esΘex/raΘ
¸ar/es,Θ ptecisely,Ч asЧ heЧlikesЧ toЧ sayЧsoЧolten) ,Ч theteЧwheteЧ oneЧexpetienceЧ
hθndsЧitsellЧimplicatedЧinЧadvanceЧ inЧanothetЧ one,Ч andЧconj oinedЧtoЧ anȑ
othetЧ one,Ч whatevetЧtheЧ otiginalityЧ otЧevenЧ theЧ acuteЧ independenceЧ olЧ
eachЧoneЧmayЧbe`Ч lotЧinЧtheЧend,ЧcanЧ oneЧbeЧcatessingЧwithoutЧdoingŀ
aġetЧaЧlashion,ЧtoЧbeЧsute-soЧmanyЧothetЧthingsЧthatЧpettainЧtoЧtheЧsameЧ
¨tactileЧcotpus, ¨ЧandЧmakingЧothetЧgestutesЧsuchЧasЧ¨skimming,Ч gtazing,Ч
ptessing, ¨ЧandЧsoЧlotth`Ч Moteovet,Ч doesn'tЧNancyЧhimsellЧsubttactЧltomЧ
theЧlistЧoneЧconcept,ЧwhichЧheЧtutnsЧintoЧaЧsottЧolЧttanscendentalЧolЧallЧtheЧ
othetЧones,Чnamely,Ч toЧweigh,Ч theЧactЧolЧ¨weighing,¨Ч theЧoneЧ thatЧcomesЧ
last`Ч Doesn'tЧ heЧ stateЧ immediatelyЧaltetwatdЧ thatЧ thisЧ multiplicityЧ con-
vetgesЧinЧtheЧend,ЧbeЧitЧbeyondЧanyЧsyntheticЧcomposition`Ч¨EvenЧwithoutЧ
synthesis,Ч evetythingЧ communicatesЧwithЧweighingЧinЧ theЧ end.ЧAЧ bodyЧ
weighsЧalways,ЧotЧletsЧitsellЧbeЧweighed,ЧweighedЧout¨Ч ,Csr¸as,Θp. Ч?ī) . Ч
1hisЧi s ЧanothetЧwayЧolЧsayingЧthat,Чi nЧthisЧ/ac/i/eΘcsr¸as,Θ oneЧi s Чdea|ingЧ
lessЧwithЧaЧcategotial listЧolЧopetationsЧthatЧconsistЧinЧtouchingЧthanЧwithЧ
/hin/ing,Θ whichЧisЧ toЧsayЧpondeting,Ч aeighingΘthatЧwhichЧgivesЧitsellЧovetЧ
toЧ tactЧinЧ aЧthousandЧways,Ч namely,Ч theЧbody,Ч theЧcsr¸as,Θ inasmuchЧasЧ itЧ
weighs-andЧthetelote,Ч inЧaЧcettainЧway,Ч /hin/s.ΘWhethetЧ thinkingЧisЧex-
tendedЧ otЧweighs,Ч a|ongЧtheЧway,Ч weЧhaveЧ appatent|yЧmovedЧ·tomЧtheЧex-
tensionЧolЧaЧlsycheЧ ,theЧ soulЧ otЧ thoughtЧ¨is¨Ч extended)Ч toЧweight,ЧbodyЧ
weightЧ,¨aЧbodyЧweighsЧalways¨) ,ЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧweightЧolЧthought.Ч
/īЧ IhisΘIs-Ƃ¸/heΘO/he·Θ
Now,ЧthisЧchangesЧsomethingЧasЧ latЧasЧtactЧandЧtouchingЧateЧconcetned.Ч
ExtensionЧ canЧ temainЧ intelligibleЧ ,withЧ Descattes)Ч otЧsensiblečinsensibleЧ
,withЧKantЧandЧaЧlewЧothets) ,ЧandЧthusЧintangibleǮЧȀheЧextensionЧolЧaЧbody,Ч
aЧbodyЧinasmuchЧasЧ itЧ isЧ extended,ЧcanЧthusЧtemainЧuntouchable.ЧCanЧoneЧ
sayЧasЧmuchЧaboutЧaЧbodyЧotЧthoughtЧthatЧaeighs·Θ
LetЧusЧnoteЧinЧpassingЧthatЧ¨1heЧWeightЧolЧaЧ1hought,¨ЧaЧsectionЧolЧtheЧ
bookЧIheΘC·a·i/¸ΘƂ¸Ihsagh/,˒ΘwotksЧoutЧaЧdsa//eΘqaes/isn,ΘwithЧaЧbteadth,Ч
aЧptecision,Ч andЧaЧlotceЧthatЧlЧwillЧnotЧttyЧtoЧteconstituteЧhete.Ч litst,Ч itЧisЧ
theЧquestionЧolЧtheЧetymologyЧthatЧ¨telatesЧthinkingЧ_¸ensée¦Θ toЧweighingЧ
_¸esée¦ ¨, ¨Θthen,ЧbyЧtheЧsameЧsttoke,ЧtheЧquestionЧ olЧtheЧ¨hguteЧolЧspeech¨Ч
seemingЧtoЧhaveЧaЧstakeЧinЧanЧ¨intimateЧcoƠapptoptiationЧolЧthinkingЧandЧ
weighing¨Ч , p. Ч
/
6) . ЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧgiveЧupЧtheЧ¨etymologist'sЧdesite, ¨ЧnotЧ
doesЧheЧgiveЧinЧtoЧ it,Ч otЧtoЧanyЧolЧtheЧtemptationsЧ thatЧ|eanЧlaulhanЧsoЧ
tightlyЧdenouncedЧinЧhisЧbookЧonЧ¨etymologicalЧptool¨Ń ǁ ʜ Ч¨Ч . . . Ч toЧhaveЧusЧ
accede, ¨ЧNancyЧsays,Ч¨atЧleastЧbyЧteasonЧolЧaЧttaceЧdepositedЧinЧlanguage,Ч
toЧaЧweightyĘweighingЧptopettyЧolЧthought,ЧwhichЧwouldЧbeЧidenticalЧtoЧaЧ
thinkingЧptopettyЧolЧtheЧweightyЧthing¨Ч ,¨WeightЧolЧaЧ1hought,¨Чp.Ч /6) . Ч
HeЧquestionsЧtheЧpostulationЧolЧthisЧitteptessibleЧdesite,ЧandЧthisЧleadsЧ
himЧtoЧaЧsetiesЧolЧundecidableЧotЧconttadictotyЧptoposiЃions,ЧolЧwhichЧheЧ
thenЧaccepts,Чlotmalizes,Ч andЧ,let'sЧsay)Ч powetlullyЧ/hin/sΘtheЧnecessity.Ч ltЧ
goesЧwithoutЧsayingЧthatЧweЧshallЧhndЧthisЧnecessityЧtoЧbeЧidenticalЧotЧanal-
ogous,ЧagainЧwithЧtheЧsameЧptoblems,ЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧtouching.ЧHeteЧisЧ
j ustЧoneЧexampleЧolЧtheseЧdenseЧlotmulations.Ч
ThisϞisϞnotϞtoϞsayϞthatϞtheϞintimateϞco-apptoptiationϞofϞthinkingϞandϞweigh-
ingϞisϞaϞmeteϞhguteϞofϞspeech,ϞotϞtheϞphantasmϞofϞaϞsomewhatϞalchemicalϞma-
tetialism.ϞOnϞtheϞconttaty,Ϟ thisϞapptoptiationϞisϞcettainϞandϞabsolute.ϞTheϞactϞ
ofϞthinkingϞis˰anϞactualϞweighing,ϞitϞisϞtheϞvetyϞweighingϞofϞtheϞwotld,ϞofϞthings,Ϟ
ofϞtheϞrea/˰asϞsense˰o « « « theϞco-apptoptiationϞofϞsenseϞandϞtheϞtealϞisϞpteciselyϞ
thatϞbyϞwhichϞexistenceϞalwaysϞptecedesϞitselɚϞasϞitself,ϞthatϞisϞtoϞsay,ϞinsofatϞasϞ
itϞisϞwithoutϞessence-insofatϞasϞitϞis˰theϞwithout-essence.Ϟ
ThisϞabsolutelyϞindubitableϞpointϞofϞtheϞteciptocalϞandϞatchi-otiginatyϞap-
ptoptiationϞofϞweighingϞandϞthinkingϞ,whichϞisϞttulyϞtheϞcteationϞofϞtheϞwotld)Ϟ
isϞequally,Ϟ identically,ϞtheϞabsoluteϞ pointϞofϞinapptoptiability.ϞweϞhaveϞnoϞmoteϞ
accessϞtoϞtheϞweightϞofϞsenseϞthanϞ ,consequently)Ϟ toϞtheϞsenseϞofϞweight.Ϟ
AndϞitϞisϞnotϞhavingϞsuchϞanϞaccessϞthatϞmakesϞusϞthinkingϞasϞwellϞasϞweightyϞ
beings,Ϟ andϞthatϞ sttikesϞ theϞ chotdϞ withinϞ us,Ϟ asϞ ň˜Ŋse/ces,˰ ofϞthisϞ discotdϞ ofϞ
weightϞandϞthoughtϞthatϞconstitutesϞtheϞwholeϞweightϞofϞaϞthought.Ϟ
,ThisϞdoesϞnotϞmeanϞthatϞsuchϞaccessϞwouldϞbeϞavailableϞfotϞothetϞbeingsęϞ
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ srΘ/heΘloaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ /; Ч
theϞco-apptoptiationϞofϞ weighingϞandϞthinking,Ϟj ustϞasϞi t Ϟi s ϞteachedϞi nϞetymol-
ogyϞonlyϞthtoughϞaϞmetaphoticalϞtevetsalϞȼ/asca/e]˰ thatϞalwaysϞptecedesϞitself,ϞisϞ
inϞandϞofϞitselfϞinaccessibleȘϞandϞdehġnitelyϞso̘ ϞitsϞtetmsϞdeđneϞitϞinϞtbǺsϞway,Ϟj ustϞ
asϞtheyϞcommandϞitϞtoϞoccupyϞitsϞplace-without-access.)Ϟ ȑibid. ,Ϟ pp.Ϟ;6ǜ;;)Ϟ
1hisЧplaceЧwithoutЧaccessЧseemsЧtoЧovetdetetmineЧitsell,Ч ilЧlЧamЧnotЧbe-
ingЧimptudentЧotЧûƛightyЧhete,ЧinЧbelongingЧtoЧaЧsenseЧolЧtheЧasr/dΘasЧear/h,Θ
whichЧisЧtoЧsayЧaЧcettainЧlawЧolЧgtavity-toЧbeЧpondeted.Ч
¡¡
lnЧthisЧcontext,ЧasЧheЧdoesЧelsewheteЧandЧsoЧolten,ЧNancyЧtepeatedlyЧhasЧ
tecoutseЧ toЧtheЧlexiconЧ olЧexac/i/adeΘ,¨exact,¨Ч ¨exactly, ¨ЧandЧsoЧon) ,ЧwotdsЧ
thatЧateЧsoЧsttangelyЧlamiliatЧtoЧhimǯЧŮdЧweЧshallЧcomeЧbackЧagainЧtoЧtheseЧ
wotds,Ч whichЧ heteЧ seemЧ patticulatlyЧ apptoptiateЧ ,notwithstandingЧ theЧ
usualЧtesetvationsЧthatЧhaveЧj ustЧbeenЧtecalled) ,ЧilЧnotЧtesetvedЧlotЧtheЧalhn-
ityЧbetweenЧthinkʐngЧandЧweighing.Ч¨1hinkingЧweighsЧexac/qΘtheЧweightЧolЧ
sense,¨ЧotЧ¨ IheΘaeigh/Θs¸ΘaΘ/hsagh/ΘisЧqai/eΘexac/qΘ_/resΘexac/emen/}ΘtheЧinap-
ptoptiabilityЧolЧapptoptiation,ЧotЧtheЧimptoptietyЧolЧtheЧptopetЧ, ptopetЧtoЧ
theЧptopetЧitsell,Чabsolutely) . ¨ ȣ Ċ ЧAtЧtheЧvetyЧmomentЧwhenЧheЧsupetlativizesЧ
exactitudeЧ ɨɉqai/eΘexactly¨) , ЧaЧhypetbolicЧ ovetbiddingЧ comesЧ toЧchatactet-
ize-ptecisely,Ч exactly-anЧ imptoptiety,Ч anЧinapptoptiability,Ч somethingЧ
likeЧanЧinexactitude.ЧltЧwouldЧseemЧasЧilЧallЧolЧNancyЧisЧsigningЧthisЧgestuteЧ
,theЧminuteЧdihetenceЧolЧaЧlettet,Ч n,ΘisЧpoisedЧ ¸inЧltenchŽЧ betweenЧthinkingЧ
andЧweighing,Ч¸enserΘandЧ¸eser) .Θ neЌetЧtoЧgiveЧupЧ theЧsummonsЧolЧexacti-
tude,ЧtheЧmostЧexac/ing,Θ demandingΘpetition,ЧȣłЧasЧ oneЧwouldЧsayЧinЧEnglishЧ
,theЧmostЧexigent,Чasttingent,Чenjoining) ,ЧatЧtheЧvetyЧmomentЧwhenЧlimitsЧ
becomeЧinaccessible,ЧconttadictotyЧotЧundecidable,ЧandЧappatentlyЧdespait-
ingЧolЧanyЧexactЧdetetmination. ЧAlways,ЧNancyЧtemainsЧdetetminingЧandЧ
detetmined-thatЧisЧhisЧ¨ptobity¨-withinЧtheЧthinkingčweighingЧolЧwhatЧ
bestЧ tesistsЧ detetmination,ЧwhichЧheЧdetetminesЧinЧaЧdetetminedЧandЧde-
tetminingЧlashionЧpteciselyЧinЧthat,ЧinЧthisЧplace,Ч toЧthisЧlimit,ЧatЧthisЧpointЧ
-beЧitЧaЧvanishingЧpoint.ЧLet'sЧj ustЧsayЧthatЧheЧwotksЧonЧweighingƠthinkingЧ
theЧ unthinkablečunweighableЧ _/'im¸e´n)sa//eˤΘ exactlyĥЧ heЧgaugesЧ ,thinks-
weighs)ЧtheЧimpossibleЧasЧexactlyЧasЧ possible,ЧwhetebyЧheЧtemainsЧaЧtigot-
ousЧ philosophetЧatЧ theЧvetyЧmomentЧwhenЧ theЧ limitsЧ olЧtheЧ philosophicЧ
comeЧtoЧttemble.ЧltЧisЧwithoutЧttembling,Чthen,ЧthatЧNancyЧsubmitsЧhim-
sellЧtoЧtheЧttembling.Ч
AndЧsoЧheЧisЧatЧwotkЧonЧtheЧconceptЧandЧwotksЧatЧtheЧconcept,ЧandЧhų tstЧ
theЧconceptЧolЧwhatЧheЧtetmsЧtheЧexscri/edΘwhichЧneedsЧtoЧbeЧanalyzedЧex-
actlyЧinЧitsЧtelationЧtoЧ theЧconcept,ЧtoЧstyle,Ч andЧtoЧtheЧNanceanЧethosЧolЧ
exac/i/ade.Θ

'
¡ l
/ƐЧ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/he·Θ
WhileЧtheseЧtextsЧhaveЧoġenЧbeenЧttanslated,ЧtheyЧtemainЧunttanslatable,Ч
noЧdoubt.Ч1heyЧspeakЧtoЧusЧolЧthisЧunttanslatabiliċy,Ч olЧthisЧ¨ttaceЧdepositedЧ
inЧlanguage. ¨ЧHowЧisЧoneЧtoЧttanslateЧintoЧEnglishЧotЧGetmanЧtheЧaΏnityЧ
inЧltenchЧbetweenЧ¸ense·ΘandЧ¸ese··ΘOneЧmightЧwishЧmoteЧoltenЧtoЧhaveЧatЧ
one'sЧdisposalЧaЧsetЧolЧanalysesЧasЧsobetingЧasЧ these,Ч asЧvigilantЧandЧlaitЧwithЧ
tegatdЧ toЧ etymologisticЧ desiteЧ otЧmetaphoticЧpowet,Ч toЧ undecidableЧandЧ
nondialecticizableЧconttadictions,ЧwhenЧsuchЧanЧalhnityЧinsctibedЧinЧan-
othetЧlamilyЧolЧlanguagesЧisЧatЧissue-lotЧexample,ЧconcetningЧthought,ЧtheЧ
alhnityЧbetweenЧden/enΘandЧdan/enΘandЧ¨thinking¨ЧandЧ¨thanking. ¨Ч EvenЧ
inЧltench,ЧweЧoġenЧ teletЧtoЧit,ЧatЧtheЧpteciseЧmomentЧwhen,ЧinЧHeidegget'sЧ
wake,ЧweЧseekЧtheЧ specihcityЧolЧaЧ/hin/ingΘthatЧ canЧ beЧ teducedЧneithetЧtoЧ
poettyЧnotЧtoЧphilosophyЧnotЧtoЧscience.ЧAndЧsomeЧateЧoltenЧcontentЧwithЧ
anЧ admiting,Ч ttusting,Ч evenЧ incantatotyЧteletenceЧ toЧ theЧ mitacleЧ olЧlan-
guageŃЧ GetmanЧ otЧEnglish,Ч inЧwhichЧ theЧsameЧgiltЧmayЧbeЧ tecognizedЧ inЧ
¨thought¨ЧandЧʾthanks, ¨ЧandЧhete,ЧinЧtheЧhtstЧplace,ЧaЧgiltЧollanguages,ЧtheЧ
goodЧluck,ЧasЧ̾egelЧputЧit,ЧolЧanЧidiomЧthatЧisЧotiginallyЧspeculative.Ч
llЧoneЧgaveЧinЧtoЧtheЧsameЧwondet,Ч oneЧwouldЧpointЧoutЧ thatЧtheЧvetbЧ
¸ese·Θ,ȕtoЧweigh¨)ЧisЧconjugatedЧinЧltenchЧsima//anesasqΘasЧbothЧttansitiveЧ
andΘinttansitive,Ч pteciselyЧlikeЧtheЧvetbЧ¸ense·Θ,¨toЧthink¨) .Ч1hisЧ ¨simulta-
neously¨ЧatЧaЧsttokeЧbestowsЧitsЧgenius,Ч itsЧsttokeЧolЧgenius,Ч uponЧthisЧsen-
tenceЧolЧNancy's.Ч ¨LaЧpensĚeЧpȃseЧexactementЧǼeЧpoidsЧ duЧsens¨Ч ,litetally,Ч
¨1hinkingЧ ¸otЧthought¦ЧweighsЧexactlyЧtheЧweightЧolЧsense¨) .Ч1heЧeventЧolЧ
thisЧsentenceЧtakesЧplaceЧonceЧonlyŎЧ ltЧsignalsЧanЧinvention,ЧsignedЧbutЧte-
assignedЧtoЧtheЧaccountЧollanguage,ЧtheЧlanguageЧoneЧspeaks,Чapptoptiates,Ч
yetЧ nevetЧpossesses.Ч 1hus,Ч oneЧ canЧwellЧ seeЧthatЧhisЧ sentence,Ч ¨1houghtЧ
weighsЧexactlyЧtheЧweightЧolЧsense¨ЧplaysЧout,ЧwhileЧtespectingЧitЧexactly,ЧanЧ
unstableЧgtammat,ЧaЧsyntaxЧthatЧisЧunttanslatableЧinЧitsЧduplicityŃЧ
i. Θ1tansitivityŃЧthoughtЧaeighs,Θ andЧbyЧweighingЧitЧexaminesЧandЧweighsЧ
outЧwhatЧitЧisЧweighing,ЧevaluatingЧsenseЧexactlyŬЧitЧindicatesЧitsЧexactЧweight.Ч
2. lnttansitivityŃЧ thoughtЧ aeighs.ΘitЧisЧweightyЧasЧ muchЧ asЧpondetingЧotЧ
thinkingŬЧ itЧhasЧtheЧweightЧolЧsenseŬЧ itЧweighs,Ч itsell,Ч whatЧsenseЧweighs,Ч
neithetЧmoteЧnotЧless,Чexactly.Ч
What,Чthen,ЧisЧtheЧhypothesisЧwotthЧthatЧNancyЧonЧhisЧownЧdoesЧnotЧjux-
taposeЧmodalitiesЧolЧtactility:ЧAndЧtheЧhypothesisЧthatЧtheЧtheme,ЧinЧhisЧtac-
tileЧcotpus,ЧisЧcotpusЧasЧmuchЧasЧitЧisЧtact:ЧlЧbelieveЧitЧtoЧbeЧconhtmedЧbyЧan-
IheΘ|n/sacha//eŠΘ s·Θ/heΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ /; Ч
othetЧpieceЧolЧevidence.Чl nЧthisЧopenЧseties,ЧsinceЧi t ЧisЧaЧmattetЧolЧthinkingЧ
theЧbodyЧsoonetЧthanЧtactility,ЧweЧcanЧalsoЧhnd-andЧlЧhaveЧundetscotedĶ
sensibleЧpetceptionsЧnotЧotdinatilyЧassociatedЧwithЧtouch,ЧlotЧexampleЧ/ss/ƭ
ing,Θ /is/ening,Θ sme/ing,Θ /as/ing.Θ AllЧtheЧsensesЧateЧincludedЧinЧthisЧ/ac/i/eΘcs·-
¸as,Θ notЧonlyЧtouching,ЧbutЧalsoЧseeing,Ч heating,Ч smelling,ЧandЧtasting.Ч
-WetenǧtЧyouЧasking,ЧevenЧbeloteЧtheЧbeginning,ЧwhethetЧweЧcouldЧca-
tessЧotЧ sttokeЧ eachЧ othetЧwithЧoutЧeyes:ЧAndЧ touchЧ theЧlookЧthatЧtouchesЧ
you:Ч
-WeЧ ateЧslowlyЧapptoachingЧtheЧ¸ga·eΘolЧtouch.Ч Eatliet,Ч lЧspokeЧolЧaЧ
contaminationЧotЧaЧcontagionЧthatЧwouldЧ haveЧtheЧpeculiatityЧolЧputtingЧ
inЧcontactЧ,withoutЧcontact)ЧcontactЧandΘnoncontactĻЧContaminationЧthenЧ
becomesЧ whatЧ itЧ isЧ notŜЧ itЧ disЧidentih esЧ itsell.Ч ltЧ disidentihesЧ evetythingЧ
evenЧbeloteЧitЧdisЧidentihesЧi/seþΘltЧdisapptoptiates,ЧitЧdisapptoptiatesЧitselňЧ
itЧattainsЧwhatЧitЧshouldЧnevetЧsigniƖ,Чnamely,ЧanЧintettuptionЧolЧtelationsЧ
andЧtheЧex-ptoptietyЧolЧtheЧptopet.Ч
1heЧlawЧinЧlactЧcommandsЧtoЧtouchЧai/hsa/ΘtouchingЧit.ЧAЧvowЧolЧabsti-
nence.ЧNotЧtoЧtouchЧtheЧltiendЧ,lotЧexample,ЧbyЧabstaƾningЧltomЧgivingЧhimЧ
aЧptesentЧotЧltomЧptesentingЧonesellЧtoЧhim,ЧoutЧolЧmodestyЧ¸¸a·Θ¸adea·ʸ,Θ
toЧnotЧ/sachΘhimΘenoughЧisЧtoЧbeЧlackingЧinЧtactŜЧhowevet,Ч/sΘ/sachΘhim,ΘandЧ
toЧtouchЧhimЧtooЧmuch,Ч toЧtouchЧhimЧtoЧtheЧquick,ЧisЧalsoЧtactless.Ч
ĕes,ЧoneЧwillЧhaveЧtoЧ talkЧaboutЧtheЧcatess,ЧwhichЧcannotЧbeЧteducedЧtoЧ
simpleЧcontact,ЧbeЧitЧcontactЧwithЧtheЧothet,ЧnotЧtoЧanyЧolЧtheЧothetЧexpe-
tiencesЧthatЧhaveЧbeenЧevoked,ЧbeloteЧandЧaġetЧ¨sttoking. ¨Ч1heЧcatessЧgivesЧ
s·Θtakes.ЧŮdĘotЧitЧgivesЧ andΘtakes.Ч lnЧgivingЧitЧtakesŜЧ itЧgivesЧ toЧ takeŜЧ itЧ
takesЧupЧgiving-whatЧoneЧcallsЧpleasuteЧaЧlittleЧhastily.Ч lnЧpleasute,ЧtheЧca-
tessЧbesiegesЧus,Ч itЧinvestsЧusЧwithЧaЧnontheoteticalЧandЧbesettingЧquestion,Ч
withЧaЧwottyЧconstitutiveЧolЧpleasuteЧitsellɧЧ¨WhatЧisЧthisЧpleasute:ЧWhatЧisЧ
that:ЧWheteЧdoesЧitЧcomeЧltom:ЧltomЧtheЧothetЧotЧlĒomЧme:ЧɫmЧlЧtakingЧ
it:ЧAmЧlЧgivingЧit:ЧlsЧitЧtheЧothetЧwhoЧgivesЧitЧtoЧme:Ч OtЧtakesЧitЧltomЧme:Ч
1heЧtimeЧolЧthisЧpleasute-isЧitЧthatЧlЧamЧgivingЧi/Θm,se¡·¨ΘAndЧsoЧlotth.Ч
AndЧilЧallЧ theseЧ hypothesesЧweteЧ notЧ conttadictotyЧotЧincompatible,ЧhowЧ
wouldЧ oneЧ needЧtoЧthinkЧthem:Ч DeclateЧ them:ЧEvenЧ conlessЧthem:ЧCon-
lessingЧ themЧ andЧ touchingЧ themЧ asЧ theЧstakesЧ olЧtouchЧ itsell,Ч asЧ ilЧtheЧ
gtammatЧolЧtheЧtesponseЧtoЧacknowledgedЧgtatitudeЧ,¨1hankЧyouЧlotЧwhatЧ
youЧ giveЧ me¨)Ч temainedЧ undecidableЧ ,¨ßutЧno, Ч l'mЧ notЧ givingЧ youЧ any-
thing,Чl'mЧgivingЧm,se¡Θ . . . Ч,¨Ч etc.Ч ¨ĕou'teЧsaying,Ч l'mЧgivingЧmyselſЧ lsЧthatЧ
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
so:ЧDoЧyouЧ meanЧ toЧsay,Чĉ l'mЧ givingЧmysell'ЧotЧĉ Ņ'mЧ givingЧ mysellЧ/sΘmy-
sell' : ¨Чetc. ) .Ч
1heЧcatessЧȇndsЧitsellЧnoЧlessЧahectedЧbyЧthisЧandЧdividedЧinЧttuthЧbyЧthisЧ
salvoЧ olЧconttadictotyЧinj unctions. Ч1heЧotdet,Ч theЧcommandЧisЧnoЧlongetЧ
altogethetЧthatЧolЧtact.ЧtoЧtouchЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧtoЧptessЧwithoutЧptess-
ing,ЧalwaysЧ mote,ЧalwaysЧtooЧmuch,ЧnevetЧenough,Ч toЧgiveЧwithoutЧhold-
ingЧbackЧotЧtetaining,ЧbutЧwithЧtesttaint,Ч toЧgiveЧtoЧholdЧwithoutЧholdingЧ
on, ЧtoЧgiveЧwithoutЧimposition. Ч¨1iens' ¨Ч ¸1hete'ЧHoldЧonЧtoЧthis'Ч1akeЧit'Ч
HaveЧit'˿1tans. ¦ .ЧWhatЧisЧoneЧsaying,ЧwhatЧisЧoneЧgivingЧtoЧundetstand,Ч
whenЧ oneЧsaysЧʿ1iens' ¨ Ч¸:ɽЧ lsЧwhatЧisЧwantingЧheteЧtheЧvittualЧshadow,Ч atЧ
least,ЧolЧaЧhandЧgestuteЧ,Ǥ1iens' ¨. Ч¨1akeЧthis' ¨) ,ЧaЧtouchingЧhandЧotЧaЧhand-
ingЧone,ЧaЧhandЧgivenЧtoЧtouchЧtheЧothet,ЧanЧextendedЧhandЧheldЧoutЧotЧex-
tendingЧsomethingЧtoЧtheЧothet:Ч¨1iens' ¨Ч1akeЧthis'ЧßutЧtact'sЧcommandЧisЧ
neithetЧtoЧtendetЧnotЧtoЧgtaspЧoutselvesЧandЧeachЧothetЧwithoutЧttembling,Ч
withoutЧsomeЧtelinquishmentЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧtheЧseizing.Ч1actЧenj oinsЧnotЧ
toЧtouch,ЧnotЧtoЧtakeЧwhatЧoneЧtakes,ЧotЧtathetЧnotЧtoЧbeЧtakenЧinЧbyЧwhatЧ
oneЧtakes.Ч1actЧbeyondЧcontact.ЧWhichЧdoesЧ notЧnecessatilyЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧaЧ
nea/·a/iza/isnΘolЧtouching.Ч
OneЧolЧoutЧconcetnsЧincidentallyЧbeatsЧonЧthisЧenigmaticЧhypothesisЧolЧ
neuttality.Ч CouldЧ theteЧ beЧaЧ touchЧ otЧtactileЧ expetienceЧ thatЧ isЧ neuttal`Ч
AndЧthisЧcanЧbeЧundetstoodЧinЧmultipleЧways-thteeЧatЧleast.Ч
J. 1heЧwayЧolЧaЧ/hes·e/ica/Θ/sach,Θ thatЧisЧtoЧsayЧobj ective,Ч knowing,Чex-
plotatotyЧinЧtheЧepistemicЧsenseЧolЧthisЧwotd.ЧtouchingЧinЧotdetЧtoЧknow,Ч
inΘ·ieaΘs¸ΘtheЧknowledgeЧolЧanЧs/¸ec/.Θ thatЧwhichЧ isЧ/Ƿ̚·eΘsnese¡ΘbutЧ canЧ
thusЧalsoЧptesentЧitsellЧtoЧsightЧ ,theЧtheotem)ЧotЧthatЧwhichЧ·esis/sΘandЧseemsЧ
moteЧapptoptiateЧlotЧhapticalЧobj ectivity,ЧtheЧptivilegeЧolЧtheЧtheoteticalЧ
touchЧhasЧalwaysЧbeenЧcenttalЧinЧevetyЧphilosophyЧolЧtouch.Ч
2. 1heЧwayЧolЧaЧtouchЧptecedingЧanyЧdtive,ЧinvestedЧotЧcommitted,Ч/e-
¸·eΘca·essesΘs·Θ//sas,ΘandЧevenЧbeloteЧ thisЧ ptehensileЧandЧ comptehensiveЧ
gtaspingЧthatЧoneЧcanЧdetectЧinЧtheЧmostЧ¨theotetical¨ЧolЧtouches.Ч
;.Ч1heЧwayЧolЧaЧ¸hensmens/sgica/Θnea/·a/iza/isn,ΘaЧ ¨phenomenologicalЧ
teduction, ¨ЧwhichЧwouldЧleaveЧintact-inЧ otdetЧtoЧ analyzeЧ themЧotЧde-
sctibeЧtheitЧconstitution-allЧtheЧintentionalЧmodalitiesЧ thatЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧ
mentioned.Ч
ConttadictotyЧinj unctions,Ч thus,Ч atЧtheЧheattЧolЧtouch.Ч CanЧtheyЧstillЧ
giveЧ tiseЧ toЧ aЧ phenomenology,Ч otЧtoЧwhatЧEmmanuelЧ ņevinasЧtetmedЧaЧ
¨phenomenologyЧolЧvoluptuousness¨Ч asЧ eatlyЧasЧ inЧtheЧyeatsЧi,Ɛ6˼Ɛ/,Ч inЧ
theЧhtstЧeditionЧolЧIimeΘandΘ/heΘO/he·· '
ĻΘ
OneЧday,ЧtogethetЧandЧsepatately,Ч
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ srΘ/heΘ˗oaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
//Ч
oneЧwillЧindeedЧhaveЧtoЧteteadЧtheseЧtwoЧ thinkingЧapptoachesЧtoЧtheЧca-
tess,ЧLevinas'sЧandЧNancy's,ЧandЧltomЧtheЧoutsetЧlollowЧthisЧthemeЧwithinЧ
eachЧolЧtheitЧttaj ectoties,ЧmoteЧpatticulatlyЧinЧotdetЧtoЧpinpointЧtheitЧteʨ
spectiveЧdihetencesЧinЧtelationЧtoЧphenomenology,ЧbeyondЧtheЧdisctepan-
ciesЧthatЧkeepЧthemЧapatt.Ч
lnЧLevinas'sЧwotk,ЧlongЧbeloteЧ IĮ/a/iͽđΘandΘIn¸ni/,Θ,i,6i) Ǎ Ȥ ЧandЧitsЧ¨lhe-
nomenologyЧolЧEtos,¨Ч IimeΘandΘ/heΘO/herΘincludesЧaЧchaptet,Ч¨Etos, ¨ЧwhichЧ
tellsЧ olЧtheЧcatessЧasЧcontactЧbeyondЧcontact.Ч ¨1heЧ catessЧisЧaЧmodeЧolЧtheЧ
subject'sЧbeing,ЧwheteЧtheЧsubjectЧwhoЧisЧinЧcontactЧwithЧanothetЧgoesЧbe-
yondЧthisЧcontact.Ч ContactЧasЧsensationЧisЧpattЧolЧtheЧwotldЧolЧlight¨Ч,IimeΘ
andΘ/heΘO/her,Θp.Ч?,) .ЧWhichЧisЧanothetЧwayЧolЧsayingЧthatЧtheЧcatessЧcattiesЧ
beyondЧphenomenality,Ч indeedЧbeyondЧanyЧcontactЧsensation,ЧotЧanyЧcon-
tactЧasЧ sensation,Ч andЧdoesЧnotЧshateЧwithЧsightЧthisЧbeingЧenclosedЧwithinЧ
aЧtotality,ЧthisЧbelongingЧtoЧtheЧimmanenceЧolЧtheЧwotld.ЧŇoluptuousnessЧisЧ
notЧaЧ¨pleasuteЧlikeЧothets, ¨ЧitЧisЧ notЧ¨solitaty. ¨Ч SomewhatЧtecklessly,Ч Lev-
inasЧ thenЧ statesЧ thatЧ eatingЧ andЧdtinking,Ч onЧ theЧothetЧhand,Ч ateЧsolitatyЧ
pleasutes,ЧwheteasЧtheЧcatessЧtakesЧawayЧetoticЧexpetienceЧltomЧanyЧ¨lusion¨Ч
andЧtecallsЧ¨theЧexceptionalЧplaceЧolЧtheЧleminine. ¨Ч
LetЧus Чnot ЧlingetЧheteЧ ovetЧthisЧaspect,ЧwhichЧlЧ haveЧ touchedЧonЧelse-
wheteŬ ɜ ĭЧletЧusЧj ustЧkeepЧitЧcompanyЧlotЧaЧstepЧbeyondЧtheЧstop,ЧtheЧoneЧ
cattyingЧthisЧanalysisЧolЧcatessingЧlutthetЧthanЧtouching,ЧthoughЧs/i/ΘinΘac-
csrdanceΘai/hΘ/heΘhandΘ /heΘhandΘsnq. Θ¨ContactЧasЧsensationЧisЧpattЧolЧtheЧ
wotldЧ olЧlight.ЧßutЧwhatЧisЧcatessedЧisЧnotЧtouched,Ч ptopetlyЧspeaking.Ч ltЧ
isЧnotЧtheЧsoġnessЧotЧwatmthЧolЧtheЧhandЧgivenЧinЧcontactЧthatЧtheЧcatessЧ
seeks.Ч1heЧseekingЧolЧtheЧcatessЧconstitutesЧitsЧessenceЧbyЧtheЧlactЧthatЧtheЧ
catessЧdoesЧnotЧknowЧwhatЧitЧseeks.Ч1hisЧĉnotЧknowing,'ЧthisЧlundamentalЧ
disotdet,ЧisЧtheЧessential¨Ч ,Levinas,Ч ǥȌmeΘandΘ/heΘO/her,Θ p̉Ч ?,) .Ч
1heЧlimitЧseemsЧunequivocal,ЧbutЧitЧisЧsubtle.ЧLevinas,ЧLevinas'sЧhand,ЧisЧ
ptoposingЧit.Ч ltomЧtheЧoutset,ЧweЧateЧcleatlyЧtoldЧthatЧtheЧcatessЧdoesЧnotЧ
lallЧundetЧtheЧsenseЧcalledЧtouch,ЧnotЧevenЧundetЧcontactЧotЧtheЧsensationЧ
oneЧtelatesЧtoЧ contact.Ч ¨whatЧisЧcatessedЧisЧ notЧ toucbed, ǣ Ч ¨notЧtouched,Ч
ptopetlyЧspeaking. ¨Ч lsЧthisЧcleatЧenough`Ч OneЧ couldЧbeЧtemptedЧtoЧ putЧ
thisЧptopositionЧsideЧ byЧsideЧwithЧMauticeЧMetleauŨlonty'sЧwhenЧtheЧlat-
tet,ЧwithoutЧhowevetЧnamingЧtheЧcatess,Ч speaksЧolЧaЧcettainЧan/sacha/i/i/,Θ
olЧtheЧothet,Ч otЧ tathetЧolЧtheЧothetЧinasmuchЧasЧtheЧothetЧcomptisesЧsomeЧ
untouchableЧandЧthusЧgivesЧmeЧaccessЧtoЧthisЧthinkingЧolЧtheЧuntouchableЧ
asЧsuch.Ч
! 1
ßutЧthisЧsameЧlanguageЧimmediatelyЧacknowledgesЧthatЧi tЧi sЧhostageЧtoЧ
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
thetotic.Ч LevinasЧspecihesЧthatЧitЧisЧonlyЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧ touchingЧ¨ptopetlyЧ
speaking¨ЧthatЧtheЧcatessЧtemainsЧalienЧotЧhetetogeneous.Ч ltЧisЧonlyЧwithЧte-
gatdЧtoЧsensationЧasЧwotldЧolЧlightˬЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧ¨knowing¨ЧandЧʓowingЧ
whatЧoneЧ¨seeks¨ЧthatЧtheЧcatessЧgoesЧ /e,snǰΘ1heЧcatessЧttanscendsЧtouch,Ч
sensibility,Ч andЧknowingЧ¨ptopetlyЧspeaking. ¨Ч ßutЧLevinasЧmakesЧbelieveЧ
thatЧheteЧweЧknowЧwhatЧspeakingЧmeansЧtoЧsayЧptopetlyЧspeaking,ЧandЧwhatЧ
touching,Чsensation,Ч light,Ч andЧknowledgeЧsigniƖЧ¨ptopetlyЧspeaking. ¨Ч
AtЧtheЧtimeЧolЧǥȌmeΘandΘ/heΘO/he·,ΘandЧpethapsЧlatetЧstill,ЧLevinasЧmain-
tainsЧandЧkeepsЧthisЧdiscoutseЧwithinЧanЧontologicalЧcode.ЧHeЧblamesЧlteudЧ
lotЧ notЧ undetstandingЧthisЧ pleasuteЧ ¨inЧ theЧgenetalЧ economyЧolЧbeing. ¨Ч
ßutЧalteadyЧheЧmatchesЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧcatessЧandЧitsЧ ¨notЧknowing¨Ч
accotdinglyЧwithЧtheЧapptehensionЧolЧtime,Ч withЧputeЧtempotalizationЧasЧ
absoluteЧanticipation. ЧOneЧisЧtemptedЧtoЧsayЧolЧthisЧ ,thoughЧthisЧisЧobvi-
ouslyЧnotЧLevinas'sЧlanguageЧhete) ū
ƦЧ
thatЧitЧisЧquasiĪmessianic.Ч ¨1heЧcatessЧ
isЧtheЧexpectationЧolЧthisЧputeЧlututeЧ ,toЧ come) ,ЧwithoutЧcontent¨Ч , IimeΘ
andΘ/heΘO/he·,Θ p.Ч ?,ŋ .Ч MoteЧinsistentlyĤЧ ¨MyЧthesis,ЧwhichЧconsistsЧinЧal-
hȉtmingЧvoluptuousnessЧasЧtheЧvetyЧeventЧolЧtheЧlutute,ЧtheЧlututeЧputih edЧ
olЧallЧ content,Ч theЧvetyЧmystetyЧolЧtheЧlutute,ЧseeksЧtoЧaccountЧlotЧitsЧex-
ceptionalЧplace¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч ,oŋ .Ч
ltЧisЧthisЧattentionЧgivenЧtoЧtheЧlututeЧthatЧisЧtheЧkeynoteЧolЧtheЧanalysesЧ
devotedЧ toЧloveЧ andЧ EtosЧ inЧ I/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,Θ ßutЧtheЧwotdЧ¨lutute¨Ч
couldЧ stillЧ misƮeadЧ usЧilЧweЧheatdЧinЧ itЧmetelyЧtheЧ modalityЧolЧaЧtimeЧ be-
yondЧtheЧnowЧptesentЧthatЧwillЧlotmЧtheЧhotizonЧolЧanothetЧpossible,Чvit-
tual,ЧandЧptomisedЧptesent.Ч1heЧchaptetЧdevotedЧtoЧtheЧ¨lhenomenologyЧ
olЧEtos¨ЧspecihesЧinЧthisЧtespectЧandЧundetscotesЧagainЧwhatЧLevinasЧhadЧ
j ustЧwtittenЧonЧtheЧ scoteЧ olЧ¨1heЧAmbiguityЧolЧLove, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧ toЧ say,Ч
¨thtoughЧ theЧ laceЧhltetsЧ theЧ obscuteЧlightЧcomingЧltomЧbeyondЧ theЧ lace,Ч
ltomЧwhatЧisΘns/Θ ,e/,ΘltomЧaЧlututeЧnevetЧlututeЧenough,ЧmoteЧtemoteЧthanЧ
theЧpossible¨Ч ,Levinas,Ч Iį/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,,Θ p.Ч z;|) . ' ¨Θ1heteЧwheteЧ¨theЧca-
tessЧ aimsЧ atЧtheЧ tendet,¨Ч itЧ cattiesЧ towatdЧ theЧlututeЧ beyondЧtheЧ lutute,Ч
whichЧheteЧ simultaneouslyЧmeansЧbeyondЧaЧlututeЧptesentЧandЧtheЧvetyЧ
possibilityЧolЧaЧbeingĪable,ЧolЧevetyЧ¨lЧ can. ¨Ч1hatЧisЧwhyЧɝЧ amЧtemptedЧtoЧ
say,ЧinЧaЧlanguageЧthatЧisЧnoЧlongetЧLevinas'sЧ butЧdoesЧ notЧ necessatilyЧbe-
ttayЧhimЧ eithet,Ч thatЧtheteЧwheteЧʘΘ touchЧwithoutЧtouching,Ч inЧ catessing,Ч
theЧotdetЧolЧtheЧ ptomiseЧitsellЧisЧwhatЧhndsЧitsellЧtheteuponЧexceededЧotЧ
disqualihed,ЧandЧwithЧitЧtheЧotdetЧolЧwhatЧoneЧquietlyЧthinksЧandЧhtsЧun-
detЧtheЧcategotyЧolЧpetlotmatives,ЧolЧanЧ¨lЧcan¨ЧthatЧwouldЧhaveЧtheЧpowetЧ
toЧptoduceЧanЧeventЧthtoughЧaЧlegitimatizedЧspeechЧact,Ч inЧaЧsuteЧcontext,Ч
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ s·Θ/heΘl·Θs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
/,Ч
andЧlollowingЧagteed-uponЧconventions.Ч1heЧeventЧasЧsuch,ЧilЧtheteЧisЧany,Ч
couldn'tЧcateЧ lessЧ aboutЧtheЧpetlotmativeЧotЧtheЧ constative.Ч lnЧ catessing,Ч
andЧevenЧwhenЧtheЧoneЧdoingЧtheЧsttokingЧisЧbeingЧsttoked,ЧwithoutЧtheteЧ
evetЧbeingЧtheЧleastЧsymmettyЧotЧtheЧcommonЧmeasuteЧolЧsomeЧteciptoc-
ity,Ч thisЧeventЧallectsЧus,ЧbeloteЧandЧdespiteЧanyЧpossibilityЧandЧanyЧpowetЧ
olЧbeing-able,ЧanyЧlegitimacyЧolЧanЧ ¨lЧcan, ¨ЧandЧevenЧanЧ¨lЧknow. ¨Ч ShouldЧ
theЧcatessЧbeЧanЧevent,ЧthatЧisЧwhatЧhappensЧwithЧit.Ч
LevinasЧ doesЧ notЧsayЧitЧinЧthisЧway,Ч toЧ beЧsute,Ч andЧsutelyЧwhatЧ lЧ j ustЧ
suggestedЧisЧ, pethaps-lЧcan'tЧbeЧsute,ЧsomeЧtetminologicalЧdecisionЧshouldЧ
̇ЧstillЧatbittateЧhete)ЧvalidЧlotЧanyЧeventЧwotthyЧolЧtheЧname,Ч beyondЧwhatЧ
weЧ mightЧwishЧtoЧcitcumsctibeЧasЧaЧnattow,Ч litetalЧ senseЧ olЧtheЧcatess.ЧßutЧ
ilЧthisЧdeleatЧ ,whichЧisЧ notЧnecessatilyЧanЧunlottunateЧone)ЧolЧtheЧpetlot-
mativeЧlacingЧtheЧeventЧtemainsЧtheЧtightlulЧconseqĈenceЧolЧwhatЧLevinasЧ
tellsЧusЧaboutЧtheЧcatess,Ч aboutЧtheЧ¨·egimeΘolЧtendetness¨Ч andЧtheЧ¨lututeЧ
nevetЧlututeЧenough,ЧmoteЧtemoteЧthanЧtheЧpossible, ¨ЧinЧttuth,Ч theЧ¨obК
scuteЧlightЧcomingЧltomЧbeyondЧtheЧlace, ¨ЧthenЧwhatЧhndsЧitsellЧexceededЧ
isЧ notЧ onlyЧtheЧ otdetЧ olЧpowet,Ч olЧknowledge,Ч olЧtempotalityЧotdetedЧ inЧ
theЧptesent,ЧtheЧotdetЧolЧtheЧtheoteticalЧconstativeЧotЧtheЧptaxicЧandЧpto-
ductiveЧpetlotmative,ЧitЧisЧtheЧotdetЧolЧtheЧlaceЧitsell.Ч HenceЧtheЧexttaot-
dinatyЧ ¨equivocal¨Ч otЧ¨equivocation¨Ч ,whichЧisЧ theЧtetminologyЧLevinasЧ
usesЧ tepeatedly)Ч matkingЧ thisЧwholeЧ apptoachЧ olЧtheЧvoluptuousЧcatess.Ч
Equivocal-lotЧwhatЧ¨h ltets¨ЧthtoughЧtheЧlaceЧexceedsЧ theЧlace.ЧLikeЧtheЧ
HeshЧ,¨1heЧcatnal,Ч theЧtendetЧ¸a·Θexce/enceΘcottelativeЧolЧtheЧcatess¨,Ч ¨lnЧ
theЧcatnalЧgivenЧ toЧ tendetness,ЧtheЧbodyЧquitsЧtheЧstatusЧ olЧanЧexistent¨Ч
¸ Levinas,Ч IĮ/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,,Θ p. Чz;?ɽ ) , 'ƎЧtheЧcatess,ЧinЧLevinas'sЧanalyses,Ч
isЧunsettlingЧlotЧallЧthatЧisЧotdetedЧinЧkeepingЧwithЧtheЧlace,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧ
almostЧevetything. ЧAndЧdoesn'tЧwhatЧweЧ suggestЧ olЧtheЧ ¨equivocal¨Ч alsoЧ
suitЧtheЧ¨exotbitant, ¨ЧLevinas'sЧothetЧptedicate,ЧwhichЧheЧaccotdsЧonЧaЧteg-
ulatЧ basisЧtoЧ thisЧ expetienceЧolЧtheЧcatnalЧcatess:Ч1heЧexs·/i/an/ΘmakesЧ aЧ
signЧ towatdЧwhatЧweЧtecognizedЧinЧNancyЧ onЧ theЧscoteЧ olЧhypetbolicЧex-
cessЧandЧwhatЧisЧexac/qΘexcessi·eΘandЧtigotouslyЧpatoxysmal,ЧwhileЧnotЧpass-
ingЧovetЧevetythingЧtowatdЧwhatevetЧthingЧinЧwhichevetЧway.ЧAsЧlotЧLev-
inas,ЧheЧspeaksЧolЧ¨exttemeЧltagility¨Ч¨atЧtheЧlimitЧolЧbeing, ¨ЧolЧ¨exs·/i/an/Θ
ulttamatetiality,¨ЧconcetningЧtheЧ¨tegimeЧolЧtendetness¨ЧandЧtheЧ¨epiph-
anyЧolЧtheЧßeloved¨Ч,andЧaboutЧtheЧßelovedЧotЧAimée,ΘweЧshallЧbeЧasking.Ч
whyЧonlyЧ thisЧ leminineЧ lotm:) .Ч ¨1heseЧ supetlatives,Ч bettetЧ thanЧ meta-
phots,ЧdenoteЧaЧsottЧolЧpatoxysmЧolЧmatetiality. ¨Чlutthet,ЧitЧisЧ¨theЧexhibi-
tionistЧnudityЧolЧanЧexs·/i/an/Θptesence¨Ч otЧtheЧ¨exs·/i/an/Θexhi/i/isnism,Θ
?oЧ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/he·Θ
whichЧ isЧaЧptoductionЧolЧbeing¨Ч ,ibid. ,Ч pp. Чz;6Ğ;/) . ' ū ЧWhatЧbecomesЧex-
otbitantЧdoesЧ notЧ onlyЧexceedЧotЧdistutbЧtheЧontoŨlogicЧthatЧLevinasЧ callsЧ
inЧquestionЧonЧaЧtegulatЧbasis.Ч ltЧ/h·ea/ensΘtheЧvetyЧethicsЧtoЧwhichЧLevĖnasЧ
appealsЧsoЧpowetlully.Ч
Ih·ea/. ΘtheЧwotdЧisЧnotЧ tooЧ sttong,ЧlotЧallЧthisЧaĦsoЧdesctibesЧtheЧthteat-
eningЧpatЧexcellence,Ч asЧ aЧgoodЧ numbetЧolЧLevinas'sЧlotmulasЧletЧitЧcomeЧ
actoss.ЧWeЧ haveЧtoЧinsistЧonЧthisЧlotЧ/h·eeΘ·eassnsΘatЧleast,ЧeachЧbeingЧolЧquiteЧ
aЧdilletentЧotdet.Ч
OnΘ/heΘsneΘhand,ΘitЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧlimitsЧolЧtheЧethicsЧandЧaxiomat-
icsЧolЧtheЧlaceЧthatЧateЧinЧcommandЧolЧLevinas'sЧdiscoutseЧonЧ thisЧsubject.Ч
OnΘ/heΘs/he·ΘhandΘwheteЧptomiseЧcattiesЧbeyondЧtheЧpossibleЧotЧtheЧlu-
tuteЧwhileЧtemainingЧaЧptomise,ЧanЧaim, ЧanЧexpectationЧolЧaЧ¨ns/Θ,e/ΘmoteЧ
temoteЧthanЧaЧlutute¨,ЧwheteЧptomiseЧcomptisesЧaЧthteat,ЧitЧisЧtheЧconceptЧ
itsellЧolЧtheЧptomise,Ч inЧitsЧclassicalЧdehnition,ЧthatЧhš ndsЧitsellЧaa/sma/i-
ca/qΘdeconsttucted.Ч
A/Θ/as/,ΘwheteЧLevinasЧcoutageouslyЧtakesЧitЧintoЧaccount,ЧsexualЧdillet-
enceЧcanЧbeЧanalyzedЧheteЧwithinЧanЧexptesslyЧdissymmetticЧspace.ЧltsЧanal-
ysisЧisЧsignedЧbyЧaЧmasculineЧ signatute.Ч1heteЧisЧaЧtesolutelyЧvitileЧ¸sin/Θs¸Θ
·ieaΘthete,ЧotЧaЧ¸sin/Θs¸Θcsn/ac/Θ,contactЧthatЧtouchesЧwithoutЧtouchingЧtheЧ
untouchable) ,Ч andЧthisЧdiscutsiveЧptivilegeЧinЧitsЧtutnЧseemsЧuntouchable.Ч
Aĕ aЧdiscutsive,Чphilosophic,Ч andЧphenomenologicalЧptivilege,Ч itЧisЧallЧtheЧ
moteЧuntouchable,ЧunchangeableЧinЧthatЧtheЧleminineЧthteatensЧevenЧtheЧ
otdetЧolЧdiscoutseЧandЧlanguage.Ч¨1heЧleminineЧisЧtheЧOthetЧteltactotyЧtoЧ
society,Ч membetЧolЧaЧdualЧsociety,Ч anЧ intimateЧsociety,Ч aЧsocietyЧwithoutЧ
language¨Ч ,Levinas,Ч Iį/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,,Θ p.Ч z6;) .Ч l ndeed,Ч theЧ touchingЧ
touchЧolЧtheЧcatessЧisЧtouchingЧ,withoutЧtouching)Ч onЧtheЧuntouchableЧasЧ
inviolable,Ч andЧtheЧoneЧsttokingЧisЧalwaysЧmasculineЧandЧtheЧsttokedЧoneЧ
,theЧuntouchable)Чleminine.Ч
LetЧusЧbeЧquδteЧspecihʏ cЧaboutЧtheseЧthteeЧpointsЧ andЧlotЧclatity'sЧ sakeЧ
ptoceedЧ asЧ ilЧweЧ couldЧ distinguishЧthem,Ч althoughЧtheyЧateЧttulyЧindisso-
ciable,ЧasЧtheЧqĈotationsЧwillЧshow.Ч
J . litst,ЧthatЧwhichЧseemsЧtoЧextendЧpastЧtheЧlimitsЧolЧethicsЧandЧ theЧlace,Ч
theteloteЧthteateningЧthem,Ч ltomЧtheЧsideЧolЧtheЧleminine. Ч OnЧthisЧside,Ч
theЧvoluptuousЧcatessЧindeedЧtunsЧtheЧtiskЧolЧlockingЧthingsЧupЧinЧsectecy,Ч
clandestinity,Ч theЧasocial,ЧbutЧalsoЧ inЧanimalityũЧ 1heЧ questionЧolЧtheЧ sectetЧ
andЧsectecyЧisЧatЧ theЧ centetЧ olЧtheseЧanalyses,Ч aЧsectetЧa/Θsnce,Θ sima//ane-
sasq,ΘgoodЧandЧbad,ЧuntouchableЧandЧtouched,ЧinviolableЧandЧviolated,Чsa-
ctedЧandЧptolane.ЧAsЧweЧwillЧsee,Ч thisЧa/Θsnce,Θ sima//anesasqΘdehnesЧptola-
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ s·Θ/heΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ ?ů Ч
nationЧitsellЧandЧequivocation,Ч¨theЧsimultaneityЧolЧ theЧclandestineЧandЧtheЧ
exposed¨Ч ǩdécsa·e·/¦ .Θ 1hisЧ equivocationЧ olЧnegationЧwithoutЧ negativity,Ч
whichЧisЧ matkedЧinЧ theЧ analysisЧbyЧtheЧtecuttenceЧolЧ¨asЧil¨ЧandЧ¨without¨Ч
,¹ withoutЧ¹¸ ¨essenceЧolЧthisЧnon-essence, ¨Ч ¨appeatsЧwithoutЧappeating,¨Ч
andЧsoЧlotth) ,ЧwillЧtheteloteЧhaveЧbeenЧtheЧacceptedЧambiguityЧolЧthisЧdis-
coutseЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧttuth,Чphenomenon,Чappeating,Чontol-
ogy,ЧandЧphenomenology.ЧNothingЧless.Ч1hatЧisЧwhatЧisЧtouchedЧupon,ЧoneЧ
mightЧsay,Ч without,ЧonЧtheЧlaceЧolЧit,Ч anyЧsemblanceЧolЧaЧtouch. ĊĊЧSttokingЧ
thought.Ч ¨ExotbitantЧulttamatetiality,¨ЧolЧwhichЧweЧspokeЧeatlietЧ
. . . Ϟ designatesϞ theϞ exhibitionistϞ nudityϞofϞanϞexotbitantϞptesenceϞcomingϞasϞ
thoughϞ ftomϞ fatthetϞ thanϞ theϞ ftanknessϞ ofϞtheϞ face,Ϟ alteadyϞptofaningϞ andϞ
whollyϞptofaned,ϞasϞifϞitϞhadϞfotcedϞtheϞintetdictionϞofϞaϞsectet.Ϟ Ihe˰essentia/þ˰
hidden˰ throas˰ itseq˰toaard˰the˰/ight,˰ aithoat˰/ecoming˰signqcation.˰NotϞnoth-
ingness-butϞwhatϞisϞnotϞyet.ϞWithoutϞthisϞuntealityϞatϞtheϞthtesholdϞofϞtheϞ
tealϞoffetingϞitse|fϞasϞ aϞ possibleϞ toϞ beϞgtasped,ϞwithoutϞtheϞ clandestinityϞde-
sctibingϞaϞgnoseologicalϞaccidentϞthatϞoccutsϞtoϞaϞbeingϞ ¸slightlyϞmodihedā
Ttans. | .Ϟ ¨ 8eingϞ notϞ yet¨Ϟ isϞ notϞ aϞ thisϞ otϞ aϞ that,Ϟ clandestinityϞ exhaustsϞ theϞ
essenceϞofϞthisϞnon-essence.Ϟ lnϞtheϞefftontetyϞofϞitsϞ ptoductionϞ thisϞ clandes-
tinityϞavowsϞaϞnoctutnalϞlifeϞnotϞequivalentϞtoϞaϞdiutnalϞlifeϞsimplyϞdeptivedϞofϞ
light,ϞitϞisϞnotϞequivalentϞtoϞtheϞsimpleϞinaardness˰ofϞaϞsolitatyϞandϞinwatdϞlifeϞ
whichϞwouldϞseekϞexptessionϞinϞotdetϞ toϞovetcomeϞitsϞteptessionħϞ ltϞtefetsϞtoϞ
theϞ modestyϞitϞhasϞptofanedϞwithoutϞovetcoming.ϞTheϞsectetϞ appeatsϞwithoutϞ
appeating,Ϟ notϞbecauseϞitϞwouldϞappeatϞhalf-way,Ϟ otϞwithϞtesetvations,ϞotϞinϞ
confusion. ϞTheϞsimultaneityϞofϞtheϞclandestineϞandϞtheϞexposedϞpteciselyϞdeƆ
h nesϞ¸ro¸nation˰ ltϞappeatsϞinϞ equivocation.Ϟ ,Levinas,Ϟ Iota/it,˰and˰In¸nit,,˰
pp. Ϟz,6
˕
,;̓
ʲϞ
EquivocationЧ olЧtheЧ catessśЧ inЧ theЧ untouchable'sЧ touching,Ч theЧ invioČ
lable'sЧviolation,ЧtheЧcatessЧthteatensЧtheЧethical,ЧsinceЧitЧcattiesЧbeyondЧtheЧ
lace. Ч ßutЧwhatЧgoesЧ ¨beyondЧtheЧlace, ¨ЧalwaysЧ lollowingЧtheЧ sameЧ¨con-
ttadiction¨Ч olЧ¨lotmalЧlogic, ¨ЧisЧstillЧaЧlace,Ч aЧ ¨laceЧ thatЧgoesЧbeyondЧtheЧ
lace. ¨Ч¨E·ssΘhenceЧgoesЧbeyondЧtheЧlace¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp. Чz6Ɛŋ .ЧLightЧthatЧgoesЧbe-
yondЧlight-notЧonlyЧbeyondЧlightЧandЧvision, ЧbutЧevenЧbeyondЧexptes-
sionЧ andЧsignihcation. ЧAndЧthisЧ isЧdecidedlyЧseenЧmakingЧanЧinsctiptionЧ
onЧtheЧsideЧolЧtheЧleminine,ЧseeminglyЧmsdȇ̐ing,Θ thenЧvetilyЧd̂a/ing,Θ in-
tentionality.Ч ltЧisЧ asЧ ilЧtheЧpassageЧquotedЧnextЧmovedЧallЧ butЧ insensiblyЧ
ltomЧanЧ ¨intentionalityЧwithoutЧvision¨Ч toЧwhatЧwouldЧbeЧanЧaltogethetЧ
dilletentЧthing,Ч namely,Ч aЧ¨modelЧolЧbeingЧitteducibleЧtoЧintentionaƮity.¨Ч
OneЧgoes,Чthetelote,ЧltomЧaЧsttangeЧkindЧolЧintentionalityЧtoЧwhatЧwouldЧ
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
noЧlongetЧbeЧintentionalЧatЧall.Ч1oĈchingЧonЧtheЧĈntoĈchable,ЧaЧcatessЧnotЧ
onlyЧbtingsЧaboĈtЧwhatЧcomesЧaboĈtЧeachЧtimeЧoneЧsaysЧ¨toĈchingЧtheЧĈn-
toĈchable¨Ч,otЧtoĈchingЧai/hsa/ΘtoĈching,ЧwithЧotЧwithoĈtЧcatesses) ,ЧthatЧ
is,ЧoneЧnoЧlongetЧqĈiteЧknowsЧwhatЧoneЧisЧsayingЧotЧwantingЧtoЧsay,ЧoneЧnoЧ
longetЧqĈiteЧ knowsЧwhatЧtoĈchingЧis,Ч inЧitsЧptopetЧsense,Ч inЧ itsЧessentialЧ
ptedicateȞЧOnceЧmote,ЧthoĈghЧinЧaЧsenseЧdilletingЧltomЧtheЧoneЧweЧintet-
ptetedЧwithЧKantЧasЧaЧstattingЧpoint,ЧweЧateЧdealingЧwithЧinsensibleЧsensi-
bility,Ч beyondЧallЧsensiblesЧotЧonЧthisЧsideЧolЧthem.Ч ¨1heЧcatess,ЧlikeЧcon-
tact,ЧisЧsensibility.Ч ßĈtЧtheЧcatessЧttanscendsЧtheЧsensible¨Ч,ibid. , Чp. Чz;
/
) . ЧßyЧ
theЧsameЧsttoke,Ч theЧsameЧsttoking,Чtathet,Ч theЧ catessЧ isЧalsoЧenoĈghЧ toЧ
sendЧshivetsЧthtoĈghoĈtЧaЧwholeЧ ideaЧolЧphenomenology,Ч andЧpteciselyЧ
theteЧwheteЧtheЧcatessЧmightЧbeЧexpetienceЧitselȹ˭ЧpĈteЧexpetience,Чexpeti-
enceЧbeloteЧanyЧconcept-asЧoneЧcanЧteadЧitЧhete.Ч
VoluptuosityϞptofanesȺϞ itϞdoesϞnotϞsee. ϞAnintentiona/it,aithoateision, dis-
covetyϞdoesϞnotϞshedϞlightƖϞwhatϞitϞdiscovetsϞdoesϞnotϞptesentϞitselfϞasϞsignq-
cation andϞ illuminatesϞnoϞhotizon. ϞTheϞfeminineϞptesentsϞaϞfaceϞthatϞgoesϞbe-
ωondϞtheϞface.ϞTheϞfaceϞofϞtheϞ͈feminineϞ,aimée)] belovedϞ ͉lϞamϞemphasizingϞ
theϞfeminineϞaiméetoϞundetscoteϞmyϞpetplexityƖϞwhyϞnotϞaϞmasculineϞ/aimé,
otϞLtos`-|.Ϟ Ȏ. ] ˰ doesϞ notϞ ex,resstheϞsectetϞ thatϞErosptofanes-itϞceasesϞtoϞ
exptess,Ϟot,Ϟ ifϞoneϞptefets,ϞitϞexptessesϞonlyϞthisϞtefusalϞtoϞexptess,Ϟ thisϞendϞofϞ
discoutseϞandϞofϞdecency,Ϟ thisϞabtuptϞintettuptionϞofϞtheϞotdetϞofϞptesences.Ϟ
lnϞtheϞfeminineϞfaceϞtheϞputityϞofϞexptessionϞisϞalteadyϞttoubledϞbyϞtheϞequiv-
ocationϞ ofϞtheϞ voluptuous.Ϟ LxptessionϞ isϞ invettedϞ i ΫtoϞ indecency,Ϟ alteadyϞ
closeϞonϞtoϞtheϞequivocalϞwh|chϞsaysϞlessϞthanϞnothing,ϞalteadyϞlaughtetϞandϞ
taillety.Ϟ
lnϞ thisϞsenseϞvoluptuosityϞisϞ aϞputeϞexpetience,Ϟ anϞexpetienceϞwhichϞdoesϞ
notϞpassϞintoϞanyϞconcept,ϞwhichϞtemainsϞblindlyϞexpetience.Ϟltofanation,ϞtheϞ
tevelationϞofϞtheϞhiddenϞasϞhidden,ϞconstitutesϞaϞmodelϞofϞbeingϞitteducibleϞtoϞ
intentionalityˁϞ whichϞ isϞ objecti[ingϞevenϞ inϞ ptaxis,Ϟ fotϞ notϞtakingϞleaveϞ ofϞ
¨numbetsϞandϞbeings. ¨ϞLoveϞisϞnotϞteducibleϞtoϞaϞknowledgeϞmixedϞwithϞaf-
fectiveϞ elementsϞ whichϞ wouldϞ openϞ toϞ itϞ anϞ unfoteseenϞ planeϞ ofϞbeing.Ϟ ltϞ
gtaspsϞnothing,ϞissuesϞinϞnoϞconcept,ϞdoesϞnotϞissae,hasϞneithetϞtheϞsubject-
obj ectϞsttuctuteϞnotϞtheϞl-thouϞsttuctute.ϞLtosϞisϞnotϞaccomplishedϞasϞaϞsub-
j ectϞthatϞhxesϞanϞobject,ϞnotϞasϞaϞpto-jection,ϞtowatdϞaϞpossible.ϞltsϞmovementϞ
consistsϞinϞgo·ngϞbeyondϞtheϞpossibleŘϞ
TheϞnon-signi[ingnessϞofϞetoticϞnudityϞdoesϞnotϞptecedeϞtheϞsigni[ingnessϞ
ofϞtheϞfaceϞasϞtheϞobscutityϞofϞfotmlessϞmattetϞptecedesϞtheϞattist'sϞfotms. ϞltϞal-
teadyϞhasϞfotmsϞbehindϞit̙Ϟ itϞcomesϞftomϞtheϞfutute,ϞftomϞaЧfututeϞsituatedϞbeϖ
yondϞtheϞfututeϞwheteinϞpossiblesϞscintillate.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ z6o-6i) .Ϟ

IhsΘ|n/sacha//s,Θ srΘ/hsΘ˙aΘs¸ΘA/s/insncsΘ
2. WhatЧannouncesЧitsellЧinЧthisЧway,Ч beyondЧtheЧlututeЧandЧtheЧpossi-
ble,Ч isЧ alsoЧwhatЧinttoducesЧ theЧthteatЧintoЧ theЧ ptomise. Ч Equivocation, Ч
ptolanation, Чindecency,Ч indisctetionЧateЧnotЧgood. ЧAndЧilЧ¨1oЧbeЧlotЧtheЧ
OthetЧisЧtoЧbeЧgood, ¨ЧasЧLevinasЧsaysЧaЧlittleЧlutthetЧon,ЧitЧisЧindeedЧevilЧotЧ
wickedness,ЧasЧtheЧlace'sЧbeyond,Ч thatЧwindsЧitsellЧintoЧtheЧlaceЧitsellЧandЧ
theЧptomiseЧolЧetoticЧ movement,Ч itsЧgoodЧmovementЧolЧlove.Ч1hisЧdoesЧ
notЧlotbidЧtheЧptomiseЧbutЧmakesЧusЧcallЧintoЧquestionЧagain,ЧonceЧmote,Ч
allЧtheЧanalysesЧolЧtheЧptomiseЧandЧitsЧpetlotmativeЧvittue.ЧAccotdingЧtoЧ
theseЧclassicЧanalysesЧandЧ commonЧ senseЧitsell,Ч theЧptomise,Ч theЧpetlot-
mativeЧ olЧtheЧptomise,ЧdoesЧmakeЧ theЧ assumptionЧthatЧoneЧwillЧ ptomiseЧ
onlyЧwhatЧisЧgood,ЧtheЧgoodЧthings-andЧthatЧaЧptomise,ЧinЧitsЧessence,ЧinЧ
itsЧputeЧsignihcationЧasЧptomise,ЧbeЧputeЧandЧlteeЧolЧanyЧthteat.ЧOneЧptom-
isesЧtoЧsave,ЧotЧgive,ЧtoЧgiveЧlileЧhtstЧandЧlotemost,ЧoneЧthteatensЧtoЧkillЧotЧ
takeЧaway,Ч toЧ takeЧ awayЧ lileЧ hƂtstЧ andЧ lotemost. ЧAccotdingЧ toЧ theЧ goodЧ
senseЧolЧcommonЧsense,Ч oneЧshouldЧnevetЧptomiseЧtoЧ giveЧ andЧdealЧoutЧ
death.ЧlЧtecallЧthisЧheteЧagain,'ƑЧinЧitsЧptincipleЧandЧsketchily,ЧsolelyЧtoЧshowЧ
that,ЧinsolatЧasЧtheyЧateЧconvincing,ЧtheseЧanalysesЧcomptiseЧaЧl ogicЧthatЧisЧ
itsellЧthteatening.ЧbothЧlotЧsenseЧandЧontoĪphenomenology,Ч asЧwellЧasЧtheЧ
theotyЧolЧspeechЧ actsЧ ,whichЧ incidentallyЧ takesЧ lotЧgtantedЧaЧwholeЧ im-
plicitЧotЧexplicitЧontoĪphenomenologicalЧaʣiomatics,ЧandЧoΘenЧaЧphiloso-
phyЧolЧintentionality) .Ч
)
.ΘAnЧevidentЧ dissymmettyЧotganizesЧthisЧ ¨phenomenologyЧolЧetos. ¨ЧltЧ
isЧEtos'sЧphenomenology,ЧtheЧphenomenologyЧs¸Θ Etos-aЧsubjectiveЧgen-
itive,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧptoducedЧandЧledЧltomЧEtos'sЧpointЧolЧview,ЧtheЧmas-
culineЧ ¸ġs}Θ sttokingЧone,Ч andЧnotЧltomЧhets,ЧtheЧleminineЧlovedЧone,Ч lem-
ininity,Ч theЧ leminineЧ tendetЧ one. Ч HeЧ isЧ sttoking,Ч sheЧ isЧ sttoked.Ч HeЧ isЧ
touching,Чcatessing,ЧbutЧdoesЧnotЧtouch.ЧAĕ lotЧhet,ЧsheЧtemainsЧuntouch-
ableЧevenЧwhenЧsheЧisЧbeingЧsttoked.ЧOneЧhasЧtheЧleelingЧthatЧsheЧnevetЧca-
tesses.Ч lnЧotdetЧ toЧ conhtmЧ thisЧ andЧj usti¦ЧoutЧastonishment,Ч andЧ evenЧ
petplexity,Ч letЧ usЧ choose,Ч ltomЧamongЧaЧ gteatЧ numbetЧ olЧequivalentЧ otЧ
convetgingЧptopositions,ЧtheЧonesЧlikelyЧtoЧptovideЧnoutishmentЧlotЧaЧvit-
tualЧdialogueЧwithЧāeanŨLucЧNancy.Ч lnЧhisЧ/ac/i/sΘcsr¸as,ΘwheteЧheЧspeaksЧ
olЧs/rs/ing,Θ theЧlattetЧdoesЧnotЧseemЧtoЧgtantЧaЧptivilegeЧtoЧany oneЧsideЧolЧ
sexualЧdilletence-andЧlЧ shouldЧtathetЧsayЧsexualЧdilletences.Ч ltomЧthis, Ч
someЧwouldЧhastilyЧconcludeЧthatЧheЧneglectsЧotЧneuttalizesЧtheЧsaidЧsex-
ualЧdilletence.Ч ßut,Ч inЧ otdetЧ toЧ doЧj usticeЧtoЧ thisЧ dilletence,Ч inЧotdetЧtoЧ
avoidЧneuttalizingЧitЧinЧtheЧ nameЧ olЧtheЧ neuttalЧ , pteciselyЧwhatЧ LevinasЧ
I̦isΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/herΘ
wantsЧtoЧavoidЧdoing) ,ЧshouldЧoneЧlavotЧaЧdissymmetty,Ч asЧweƄlЧasЧtheЧpte-
sumedЧsexualЧidentityЧolЧtheЧsignatoty·Ч
LevinasЧhabituallyЧnamesЧtheЧmoteЧotЧlessЧmythologicalЧEtos,Ч otЧtathetЧ
dž͘
̸
tos¨Чǫ/heΘEtosȴЧ ,I/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,,Θpp.Ч z;6ll. ) ,ЧaЧdesignationЧthatЧhes-
itatesЧ betweenЧssmesneΘandЧssme/hing.Θ 8utЧ heteЧ itЧisЧalwaysЧtheЧ hguteЧ olЧ
anЧ EtosЧ withЧ desites,Ч desitingЧ theЧ lemininityЧolЧtheЧ tendetЧ one. Ч OneЧ isЧ
temptedЧ thenЧtoЧ ptoceedЧ¨asЧ il, ¨ЧtoЧ ptetend,Ч inЧaЧ btielЧ/a//eaaΘ ijiijan/,Θ toЧ
coupleЧtheЧLevinassianЧEtosЧ ,NancyЧnevetЧnamesЧEtos,Ч lЧ think,Ч outsideЧolЧ
theЧ textЧ titledЧ ¨lsyche¨)Ч andЧ theЧ NanceanЧ lsycheЧ ,LevinasЧ nevetЧ namesЧ
lsyche,ЧlЧthink) ȠЧ lnЧotdetЧtoЧdoЧthis,Ч andЧlotЧtheЧ/a//eaaΘtoЧlackЧnoЧhnish-
ingЧtouch,ЧoneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧtestageЧmythologicalЧsequencesЧolЧsuchЧcom-
plexity,Ч ovetabundance,ЧandЧdivetsityЧthatЧoneЧwouldЧnevetЧbeЧdoneЧwithЧ
theЧaltetellects.ЧltЧisЧttueЧthatЧlsycheЧ,theЧotiginalЧlsycheЧbutЧalsoЧNancy's)Ч
beatsЧ someЧ tesemblanceЧ toЧ theЧ lemininityЧ atЧ whoseЧ sideЧ Levinas'sЧ EtosЧ
busiesЧhimsell.ЧexcessiveЧbeauty,Ч vulnetableЧandЧpassiveЧsell-exhibition,Чin-
violableЧvitginityЧpteyЧtoЧŇenus'sЧσealousy,ЧŇenusЧwhomЧsheЧtesembles,ЧwhoЧ
putsЧhetЧsonЧLoveЧinЧchatgeЧolЧhetЧvengeance.Ч hisЧmattyingЧdeath,ЧthenЧtheЧ
youngЧwoman'sЧsleeping,ЧtheЧhusband'sЧ lotbidden,ЧinaccessibleЧlace.Ч ¨myЧ
lace,ЧwhichЧilЧthouЧonceЧlottuneЧtoЧseeЧ. . . ЧthouЧshaltЧseeЧnoЧmote¨Ч,¯´ thenЧ
hetЧtecognizingЧCupid,ЧatЧtheЧcostЧolЧtheЧittepatable,ЧhisЧbutning,ЧandЧatЧ
last,Чyes,ЧtheitЧlegitimateЧunionЧasЧaЧcoupleЧwhenЧtheЧheaƄedЧCupidЧwakesЧ
lsycheЧltomЧhetЧlethatgyЧaltetЧlockingЧupЧsleepЧ intoЧaЧboxЧagainЧandЧplead-
ingЧwithЧāupitet.Ч
LetЧusЧgiveЧupЧ thisЧ testagingЧolЧtheЧscene.Ч
lЧtecallЧitЧheteЧonlyЧsoЧasЧtoЧdteamЧaЧlittle,ЧinЧteadingЧtwoЧthinkets,ЧtwoЧ
ltiends.ЧWhatЧilЧtheЧ one'sЧ lsycheЧhadЧ metЧ theЧothet'sЧEtos·ЧHowЧwouldЧlЧ
haveЧbeenЧ ableЧtoЧbeatЧwitnessЧtoЧthat·Ч
StillЧanothetЧteasonЧlotЧwatdingЧollЧthisЧinctedibleЧsceneЧwithoutЧdelay.Ч
amongЧsoЧmanyЧadditionalЧcomplications,ЧitЧisЧnecessatyЧtoЧtakeЧintoЧac-
countЧOtphicЧtheology,ЧwhichЧmakesЧEtosЧcomingЧoutЧolЧtheЧptimevalЧeggЧ
intoЧ aЧbisexualЧ beingЧ , lhanes-Etos) ,Ч aЧcloseЧ telativeЧolЧAtistophanes'Ч an-
dtogynousЧ being-whichЧLevinas,ЧletЧitЧbeЧnoted,Ч incidentallyЧintetptetsЧ
inЧhisЧownЧ lashion, ЧinЧ¨TheЧAmbiguityЧolЧLove,¨Ч beloteЧhisЧ¨lhenome-
nologyЧolЧEtos, ¨ЧwhenЧitЧallЧbegins.ЧHeЧintetptetsЧAtistophanes'ЧmythЧpte-
IheΘ|n/sacha//ešΘ s·Θ/heΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ
cisЧelyЧasЧanЧintetptetation, ЧanЧintetptetationЧmoteovetЧj ustihed,ЧbutЧalsoЧasЧ
theЧvetyЧdisastetЧolЧEtosЧotЧ theЧdeleatingЧolЧdesiteЧinЧincest.Ч 8utЧitЧisЧnec-
essatyЧalsoЧ toЧmeditateЧonЧtheЧlact,Ч onЧwhichЧLevinasЧtouchesЧinЧpassing,Ч
thatЧwhatЧ¸as/ȏesΘthisЧintetptetationЧandЧthusЧdesctibesЧthisЧdeleatЧinЧtheЧ
¨mostЧegoistЧandЧctuelestЧolЧneeds¨Ч isЧ nothingЧothetЧthanЧ ¨enjoyment, ¨Ч
sexua|Ч pleasuteЧ ¸¸saissanceź ȾΘ lleasuteЧitsell,Ч shouldЧtheteЧ beЧany'ЧTheЧen-
j oymentЧolЧpleasuteЧthatЧ¨isЧbtoken¨Ч theteЧwheteЧitЧ¨isЧsatished. ¨ЧltЧisЧ inЧ
thisЧcontext,ЧthisЧtime,ЧthatЧLevinasЧnamesЧtheЧ¨soulʼ-lsyche,Чthetelote,Ч
butЧaЧsistetЧsoulЧteadyЧtoЧtouchЧtheteЧwheteЧoneЧshouldЧ not,Ч anЧincestuousЧ
soulЧmixingЧupЧdesiteЧandЧneed.Ч
LoveϞasϞaϞtelationϞwithϞtheϞOthetϞcanϞbeϞteducedϞtoϞthisϞfundamentalϞimma-
nence,ϞbeϞdivestedϞofϞallϞttanscendence,ϞseekϞbutϞaϞconnatutalϞbeing,ϞaϞsistetϞ
soul,ϞptesentϞitselfϞasϞincestħϞTheϞmythϞAtistophanesϞtellsϞinϞllato'sϞS,m,osiam,
inϞwhichϞloveϞ teunitesϞtheϞtwoϞhalvesϞofϞoneϞ soleϞ being,Ϟ intetptetsϞtheϞadven-
tuteϞasϞ aϞ tetutnϞ toϞ self.ϞTheϞenjoymentϞj ustihesϞ thisϞ intetptetation.Ϟ ltϞbtingsϞ
intoϞteliefϞtheϞambiguityϞofϞanϞeventϞsituatedϞatϞtheϞlimitϞofϞimmanenceϞandϞ
ttanscendence.ϞThisϞdesiteȢaϞmovementϞceaselesslyϞcastϞfotth,ϞanϞ intetmin-
ableϞmovementϞtowatdϞaϞfututeϞnevetϞfututeϞenough-isϞbtokenϞandϞsatishedϞ
asϞtheϞmostϞegoistϞandϞctuelestϞofϞneeds.ϞltϞisϞasϞthoughϞtheϞtooϞgteatϞaudacityϞ
ofϞtheϞlovingϞttanscendenceϞweteϞpaidϞfotϞbyϞaϞthtowŕbackϞthisϞsideϞofϞneed.Ϟ
,Levinas,ϞIota/it,andIn¡nit,, p. ϞǤ,|)Ϟ
LevinasЧbtoachesЧhisЧanalysisЧwheteЧthisЧincestuousЧconnatutalness,ЧtheЧ
tetutnЧtoЧsellЧolЧthisЧunique,ЧbisexualЧbeingЧintettuptsЧitselŲЧTheteЧisЧlemi-
ninityЧandЧsheЧisЧlemininity,Ч atЧleastЧwhatЧ¨weЧshallЧtetmЧ¸minini/,. ¨ΘWhatЧ
doЧweЧcallЧthisЧway·ЧAndЧwhatЧdoesЧ he·ЧSinceЧweЧateЧlavotingЧaЧvittua|Ч dia-
logueЧwithЧNancy,ЧtheЧthinketЧolЧthinking-weighingЧwhomЧweЧevokedЧeat-
liet,Ч letЧ usЧ tematkЧ thatЧ inЧ IĮ/a/i/,ΘandΘIn¸ni/,,Θ ¨lemininity¨Ч denotesЧ theЧ
weighingЧolЧaЧcettainЧaeigh/,ΘaЧheaviness,ЧaЧgtavityЧheavietЧthanЧtealЧweight,Ч
aЧchatgeЧheavietЧthanЧtheЧweightЧolЧtheЧteal-aЧ¨subtettanean¨Чgtavity.ЧThatЧ
isЧwhyЧtheЧleminineЧisЧnotЧ simplyЧtheЧgtacelulЧwhichЧitЧtesemblesЧandЧwithЧ
whichЧoneЧalwaysЧassociatesЧit.ЧHete,ЧitЧisЧgtavityЧwithoutЧgtace.ЧLevinasЧhasЧ
j ustЧmentionedЧ ¨wantonЧ nudity, ¨Ч¨etoticЧ nudity¨ĤЧ ¨LetЧusЧ noteЧ inЧpassingЧ
thatЧ thisЧ depthЧ inЧ theЧ subtettaneanЧ dimensionЧ olЧtheЧ tendetЧpteventsЧ itЧ
ltomЧbeingЧidentih edЧwithЧ theЧgtacelul,ЧwhichЧitЧnevetthelessЧ tesembles.Ч
TheЧ simultaneityЧotЧtheЧequivocationЧolЧthisЧ ltagilityЧandЧ thisЧweightЧolЧ
non-signiƀingnessЧ¸non-signihcanceĂ ,ЧheavietЧthanЧtheЧweightЧolЧtheЧlotm-
|essЧteal,ЧweЧshallЧtetmЧ¸minini/,¨Θ,ibid. , Чp. Чz;
/) . Ч
NevetЧ willЧ anyЧcontactЧ bteachЧ theЧ vitginityЧolЧthisЧ lemininityЧolЧtheЧ
.. |
ĕ ąĕ
? 6Ч IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
Aiműe,ЧtheЧleminineЧ8elovedЧ,LevinasЧnevet,Ч lЧthink,ЧspeaksЧolЧtheЧAimű,Ч
theЧ masculineЧ 8eloved) .Ч OneЧ canЧ indeedЧ violateЧ hetЧ butЧ onlyЧ toЧ tunЧ
agtoundЧbeloteЧhetЧinviolability.Ч lotЧ thisЧ EtosЧ ,thoughЧ someЧcouldЧsayЧ
thatЧLevinasЧheteЧonlyЧ desctibesЧtheЧpointЧolЧview,ЧtheЧdesiteЧotЧlantasyЧolЧ
Etos,Ч hisЧ phenomenologicalЧ lantasy,Ч expetience,ЧwhatЧ appeatsЧ¸·Θhim) ,Θ
lemininityЧ isЧ onlyЧviolable,Ч thatЧ is,Ч likeЧ theЧ sectetЧ thatЧ itЧ is,Ч inviolable.Ч
¨leminine¨ЧsignihesЧtheЧlocusЧolЧthisЧ¨conttadiction¨ЧolЧ¨lotmalЧlogic¨Ч.Чvi-
olableЧinviolable,Ч touchableЧ untouchable. Ч ltЧisЧs¸s/sinaΘ /ësΘ sasias-¨ƅe-
yondЧbeing¨ĎbutЧthisЧtime,ЧitЧisЧnotЧgood,ЧitЧisЧnotЧtheЧŏood.Ч
TbeϞ8eloved,ϞatϞonceϞgtaspableϞbutϞintactϞinϞbetϞnudity,Ϟ beyondϞobjectϞandϞ
laceϞandϞtbusϞbeyondϞtbeϞexistent,ϞabidesϞinϞvitginity.ϞTbeϞleminineϞessentiallyϞ
violableϞandϞinviolable,ϞtbeϞ¨LtetnalϞleminine, ¨Ϟ isϞtbeϞvitginϞotϞanϞ incessantϞ
tecommencementϞolϞvitginity,Ϟ tbeϞuntoucbableϞinϞtbeϞvetyϞcontactϞotϞvolup-
tuosity,Ϟ lututeϞinϞtbeϞptesentϞ. . . . Ϟ TbeϞvitginϞtemainsϞunseiŨable,ϞdyingϞwitbƅ
outϞmutdet,Ϟswooning,ϞwitbdtawingϞintoϞbetϞlutute,Ϟ beyondϞevetyϞpossibleϞ
ptomiseϞ toϞ anticipationϞ ¸sligbtlyϞmodih edϞ beteȣTtans. | .ϞAlongsideϞolϞtbeϞ
nigbtϞasϞanonymousϞtustlingϞolϞtbeϞthereisextendsϞtbeϞnigbtϞolϞtbeϞetotic,Ϟbedž
bindϞtbeϞnigbtϞolϞinsomniaϞtbeϞnigbtϞolϞtbeϞbidden,ϞtbeϞclandestine,ϞtbeϞmys-
tetious,ϞlandϞolϞtbeϞvitgin,Ϟ simultaneouslyϞuncovetedϞbyϞErosandϞteƠsingϞEros
ǝanotbetϞwayϞolϞsayingĶϞptolanation.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟz,?Ǜ,ą)Ϟ
1ouchable-untouchable,Чviolable-inviolable.Ч theseЧateЧgenetalЧlotmsЧolЧ
lotmalЧ ¨conttadictions. ¨ЧWithoutЧ necessatilyЧ lollowingЧ LevinasЧ atЧ thisЧ
point,Ч oneЧmayЧthinkЧthatЧ theitЧh eldЧisЧinЧptincipleЧnotЧtesetvedЧlotЧtheЧ
¨lemininity¨ЧolЧwhichЧheЧspeaks.ЧTheЧquestionЧwouldЧthenЧnoЧlongetЧcon-
cetnЧtheЧsaidЧconttadictionЧ itsellĎtheЧ touchable-untouchable,Ч violableĜ
inviolableĎbutЧtathetЧtheЧwayЧinЧwhichЧLevinasЧleminizesЧtheЧconttadic-
tionЧ,leminine- ϠЧtouchableЧuntouchableǺЧ leminine- ͌aЧviolableЧinviolable)Ч
andЧinЧdoingЧthisЧdetetminesЧtheЧhƿguteЧolЧtheЧleminine.ЧlЧ insistЧonЧthisЧsoЧ
asЧ toЧmatkЧthat,ЧstattingЧltomЧtheЧsameЧexpetience,Ч namely,Ч touchingЧolЧ
theЧuntouchabƄeЧotЧtheЧtouchable-untouchable,Ч oneЧmayЧinletЧdilleting,Ч
evenЧdivetgentЧandЧincompatible,ЧdiscoutsesǮЧNancy's,ЧlotЧexample,ЧdihetsЧ
ltomЧǾetleau-lonty's,ƵĭЧwhichЧdilletsЧltomЧLevinasƲsĎwho, ЧstattingЧltomЧ
thisЧgenetal,ЧconttadictotyЧptedicateЧ,toЧbeЧtouchable-untouchable,Ч toЧbeЧ
violable-inviolable,ЧandЧsoЧlotth) ,ЧasЧilЧthisЧweteЧaЧgoodЧconsequence,Чiden-
tihƂesЧleminine-being,ЧlemininityЧasЧ ¨ittesponsibleЧanimality, ¨Ч ¨inlantile, ¨Ч
theЧ¨youngЧanɁmaŤ , ¨Ч¨non˽signiʈingness, ¨Ч otЧ¨signiΓcationЧthatЧsignihesЧ
lalsely. ¨ЧAndЧaboveЧallЧnontespect,ЧtheЧ¨distespect¨ЧolЧ¨youЧshallЧnotЧcom-
IhsΘ|n/sacha//s,Θ s·Θ/hsΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/insncsΘ
mitЧmutdet. ¨Ч lndeed,ЧsuchЧ ateЧtheЧ ttaitsЧ olЧwhatЧLevinasЧ tellsЧ usЧ¨weЧshallЧ
tetmЧlemininity. ¨ЧTheЧlattet,ЧatЧleastЧinasmuchЧasЧsheЧisЧtheЧoneЧsttokedЧbyЧ
theЧ catess, ЧisЧ neithetЧ aЧ thingЧ notЧ aЧ petson, Ч butЧ animality,Ч childhood,Ч aЧ
youngЧanimal,ЧbatelyЧaЧhumanЧ lile,ЧbatelyЧevenЧaЧlile,ЧalmostЧtheЧdeathЧolЧ
aЧlileЧignotantЧolЧitsЧdeath.Ч
TbeϞcatessϞaimsϞatϞneitbetϞaϞpetsonϞnotϞaϞtbing.Ϟ ltϞlosesϞitselfϞinϞaϞbeingϞtbatϞ
dissipatesϞasϞtbougbϞintoϞanϞimpetsonalϞdteamϞwitboutϞwillϞandϞevenϞwitboutϞ
tesistance,Ϟ aϞpassivity,Ϟ anϞ alteadyϞanimalϞotϞinfantileϞanonymity,Ϟ alteadyϞen-
titelyϞatϞdeatb.ϞTbeϞwillϞofϞtbeϞtendetϞisϞptoducedϞinϞitsϞevanescenceϞasϞtbougbϞ
tootedϞinϞanϞanimalityϞignotantϞofϞitsϞdeatb,ϞimmetsedϞinϞtbeϞfalseϞsecutityϞofϞ
tbeϞelemental,ϞinϞtbeϞinfantileϞnotϞknowingϞwbatϞisϞbappeningϞtoϞ itϞ . . ˩ . Ϟ TbeϞ
tendetϞdesignatesϞaϞmannerġ˰ tbeϞmannetϞofϞstandingϞinϞtbeϞno˰mans˰/and˰be-
tweenϞbeingϞandϞnot-yet-being.ϞAϞmannetϞtbatϞdoesϞnotϞevenϞsignalϞitselfϞasϞaϞ
signihcation,ϞtbatϞinϞnoϞwayϞsbinesϞfottb,ϞtbatϞisϞextinguisbedϞandϞswoons,Ϟes-
sentialϞftailtyϞofϞtbeϞ ¸feminineŌϞ 8elovedϞptoducedϞasϞvulnetableϞandϞasϞmottalϞ
¸sligbtlyϞmodihedϞbete-Ttans. | .Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟz;p)´´
TheteЧisЧanЧimplacableЧconhgutationЧthete.Ч lemininity,Ч inlancy,Чanimal-
ity,Ч ittesponsibility.Ч ltЧisЧinЧnoЧwayЧttansient,ЧitЧisЧinsistingЧlikeЧtheЧinsignil-
icant,ЧotЧtathetЧtheЧ¨non-signiƀingnessЧ olЧtheЧwanton, ¨Ч¨invettedЧsignih-
cation¨ЧolЧaЧ¨signih cationЧthatЧsignihesЧlalsely¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч z6Nj) . ĊǎЧllЧweЧateЧ
insistingЧonЧthisЧinsistence,ЧitЧisЧbecauseЧitЧhasЧpatadoxicalЧimplicationsЧte-
gatdingЧlileЧandЧdeath,Ч otЧmutdetЧandЧethics-theЧsenseЧ olЧduty-asЧwellЧ
asЧtheЧethicsЧolЧsocialЧotganizationЧandЧlilestyle.ЧWhatЧimplications·Ч8eloteЧ
comingЧtoЧ this,Ч letЧusЧpointЧoutЧinЧtheseЧtegionsЧtheЧdoubleЧ entendte,Ч theЧ
ambiguousЧ use,Ч olЧ ¨as¨Ч ,csmms) .Θ ThisЧ wotdЧ hesitatesЧ inЧ aЧ signihcant-
insignihcantЧlashionЧbetweenЧtheЧthetoticalЧ¨as¨ЧolЧtiskyЧcompatisonsЧandЧ
theЧphenomenologicalЧ¨as¨ЧolЧapptoptiateЧdesctiptionЧ,theЧinasmuchЧasΘolЧ
aЧŏetmanЧa/sΘ. Ć . Θ S/·a//a·) ąΘThisЧ oscillationЧ isЧtegulat,Ч ilЧnotЧconstant,Ч inЧ
Levinas.ЧTheЧemphasisЧisЧmine,ЧolЧcoutseśЧ
TbeϞ¸feminine|ϞbelovedϞisϞopposedϞtoϞmeϞnotϞas˰aϞwillϞsttugglingϞwitbϞmyϞownϞ
otϞ as˰ subjectϞ toϞ myϞown,Ϟ butϞ onϞ tbeϞ conttatyϞas˰ anϞ ittesponsibleϞanimalityϞ
wbicbϞdoesϞ notϞspeakϞttueϞwotdsϞ ¸sligbtlyϞmodihed-Ttans. | .ϞTbeϞbeloved,Ϟ
tetutnedϞtoϞtbeϞstageϞofϞinfancyϞwitboutϞtesponsibility˔tbisϞcoquettisbϞbead,Ϟ
tbisϞyoutb,ϞtbisϞputeϞlifeϞ¨aϞbitϞsilly¨Ϟ-basϞquitϞbetϞstatυsϞas˰aϞpetson.ϞTbeϞfaceϞ
fadesϞ _sƄmoasse] ,˰andϞinϞitsϞimpetsonalϞandϞinexptessiveϞneuttalityϞisϞptolonged,Ϟ
inЧambΈguityǒϞ intoϞanimality.ϞTbeϞtelationsϞwitbϞtbeϞOtbetϞateϞenactedϞinϞplayśϞ
oneϞplaysϞwitbϞtbeϞOtbetϞas˰witbϞaϞyoungϞanimal.Ϟ
??Ч IhisΘIs-sǐ/heΘO/he·Θ
TheϞnon-signiɟingnessϞofϞtheϞwantonϞisϞthetefoteϞnotϞequivalentϞtoϞtheϞstu-
pidϞindiffetenceϞofϞmattet.ϞHs˰theϞtevetseϞofϞexptessionϞ ofϞwhatϞ hasϞ lostϞex-
ptession,ϞitϞthetebyϞtefetsϞtoϞtheϞface.Ϟ ,ibidǡ ,Ϟ ppǡϞ ň6,-6|)ǣ̆Ϟ
latadoxicalЧimplications,Чthen.ЧTheЧtactЧolЧaЧcatess,ЧthusЧtutnedЧtowatdЧ
/hisΘuntouchableЧinviolabilityЧ,theЧlemininityЧolЧtheЧ8elovedЧasΘtheЧitte-
sponsibleЧinlancyЧolЧtheЧyoungЧanimal) ,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧtheЧlaceЧbeyondЧtheЧ
lace,ЧalsoЧplaysЧwithЧdeath,ЧandЧnotЧ onlyЧwithЧdeathЧasЧtheЧabsenceЧolЧlileЧ
otЧtheЧnegativeЧabsenceЧolЧwhatevetЧitЧmayЧbe,Ч butЧwithЧmІtdet.Ч DeathЧatЧ
one'sЧh ngettips-thatЧisЧwhatЧtheЧmovementЧolЧthisЧhandЧ is.Ч latЧltomЧsay-
ingЧ¨ĕouЧshallЧ notЧ commitЧmutdet,¨ЧtheЧhtstЧolЧtheЧcommandmentsЧandЧ
theЧopeningЧolЧtheЧ ethicalЧaccotdingЧtoЧ Levinas,Ч latЧ ltomЧcallingЧlotЧ te-
spectЧolЧtheЧlaceЧthatЧisЧasЧoneЧwithЧЂhisЧcommandment,ЧtheЧlemininityЧolЧ
theЧtendetЧinvitesЧ ptolanation,Ч ¨atЧtheЧlimitЧolЧtheЧobscene, ¨Ч ¨distespect, ¨Ч
inЧthisЧ¨invetsionЧolЧtheЧlace¨ЧandЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧthisЧ¨dish gutement¨Ч
,seeЧn.Ч z?) .Ч itЧisЧnotЧtheЧabsenceЧolЧgood,Ч itЧisЧevil.ЧTheteЧis-letЧusЧuseЧaЧ
wotdЧthatЧisЧnotЧLevinas's-aЧpetvetsionЧthete.ЧPĕ lotЧhim,ЧheЧsaysЧ¨invet-
sionЧ olЧtheЧ lace¨Ч andЧ ¨distespect, ¨Ч aЧ ptolanationЧ thatЧ ¨ptesupposesЧ theЧ
lace, ¨Ч indeed,ЧbuʡЧnoЧlongetЧtelatesЧtoЧitЧwithЧsttaightlotwatdness.Ч
Language,Ϟ soutceϞofϞallϞsignih cation,ϞisϞbotnϞinϞtheϞvettigoϞofϞinhnity,Ϟ whichϞ
takesϞholdϞbefoteϞtheϞsttaightfotwatdnessϞofϞtheϞface,ϞmakingϞmutdetϞpossibleϞ
andϞimpossible.Ϟ
TheϞptincipleϞ¨youϞshallϞnotϞcommitϞmutdet,¨ϞtheϞvetyϞsigniɟingnessϞofϞ
theϞface,ϞseemsϞconttatyϞtoϞtheϞmystetyϞwhichϞEros˰ptofanes,ϞandϞwhichϞisϞan-
nouncedϞinϞtheϞfemininityϞofϞtheϞtendet.ϞlnϞtheϞfaceϞtheϞOthetϞexptessesϞhisϞ
eminence,ϞtheϞdimensionϞofϞheightϞandϞdivinityϞftomϞwhichϞheϞdescends.Ϟ lnϞ
hisϞgentlenessϞdawnsϞhisϞsttengthϞandϞhisϞtight.ϞTheϞftailtyϞofϞtheϞfeminineϞin-
vitesϞpityϞfotϞwhat,ϞinϞaϞsense,ϞisϞnotϞyet,Ϟ distespectϞfotϞwhatϞexhibitsϞitselfϞinϞ
immodestyϞandϞisϞnotϞdiscovetedϞdespiteϞtheϞexhibition,ϞthatϞis,ϞisϞptofaned.Ϟ
8utϞdistespectϞptesupposesϞtheϞface.Ϟ ,ibid. ,Ϟp. Ϟň6ň)Ϟ
lsЧoneЧsttainingЧtheЧ pointЧ byЧinlettingЧmutdetЧltomЧthis·Ч OtЧbyЧcon-
cludingЧthat,Ч atЧ theЧvetyЧleast,Ч deathЧ isЧ alteadyЧ atЧwotkЧinЧ thisЧviolenceЧ
invitingЧ ptolanation,Ч inЧ thisЧ violenceЧ olЧptolanationЧ itselňЧ whete,Ч tightЧ
thtoughЧtheЧlace,ЧtheЧcatessЧcattiesЧbeyondЧtheЧlaceЧtowatdЧtheЧdistespectЧolЧ
¨ĕouЧshallЧnotЧcommitЧmutdet¨·ЧCan'tЧweЧsayЧthat,ЧthtoughЧhisЧepiphany,Ч
inЧ theЧ vetyЧ expeưienceЧ olЧ/hisΘcatess,Ч theЧ catessЧ thusЧ desctibedЧ otЧ ¨lived,¨Ч
thisЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧlaceЧannouncesЧaЧmottuatyЧmask·ЧAtЧtheЧheattЧolЧthisЧ
¨phenomenologyЧolЧEtos, ¨ЧheteЧisЧtheЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧlaceЧasЧitЧthteatensЧtheЧ
IhsΘ|n/sacha//s,Θ s·Θ/hsΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/insncsΘ
epiphanyЧ olЧtheЧ lace,Ч aЧ deadЧ woman,Ч desirableЧ still,Ч pethaps,Ч deadЧ andЧ
sttetchedЧoutЧbeloreЧEtos.Ч
¸ W| eϞhaveϞsoughtϞtoϞexposeϞtheϞepiphanyϞofϞtheϞfaceϞasϞtheϞotiginϞofϞextetiot-
ityϞ Ɛ . . . Ϟ extetiotityϞisϞsigni[ingnessϞitself.ϞAndϞonlyϞtheϞfaceϞinϞitsϞmotalityϞisϞex-
tetiot.ϞlnϞthisϞepiphanyϞtheϞfaceϞisϞnotϞtesplendentϞasϞaϞfoιmϞclothingϞaϞcontent,Ϟ
asϞanϞimage,˰ butϞasϞ theϞnudityϞofϞtheϞptinciple,ϞbehindϞwhichϞtbeteϞisϞnothingϞ
ɞtthetƐϞTheϞdeadϞfaceϞbecomesϞaϞfotm,ϞaϞmottuatyϞmaskƗϞitϞisϞshownϞinsteadϞofϞ
lettingϞsee-butϞpteciselyϞthusϞnoϞlongetϞappeatsϞasϞ aϞfaceƐϞ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ z6t·6z)
TheЧ nudityЧolЧtheЧ ptincipleЧ isЧ theЧ nudityЧolЧtheЧ lace.Ч ltЧcanЧ onlyЧbeЧ
thteatenedЧwithЧdeathЧbyЧthisЧothetЧnudity,Ч theЧ ¨mystety¨Ч olЧtheЧ¨exhibi-
tionistЧnudity¨ЧthatЧ¨exhibitsЧitsellЧinЧimmodesty¨Ч. . . Ч ¨thatЧis,ЧisЧprolaned. ¨Ч
TwoЧ nudities.Ч absolutelyЧhetetogeneous,ЧandЧoneЧbeingЧtheЧreverseЧolЧtheЧ
othet,ЧyetЧbothЧandЧeachЧannouncingЧtheЧoneЧthroughЧtheЧothetЧandЧtheЧ
oneЧbeyondЧtheЧother.Ч
lsЧoneЧ sttainingЧ theЧpointЧbyЧtesttictingЧtheЧttaitsЧolЧthisЧ ttulyЧhietat-
chizingЧ discourseЧ toЧ thisЧ ¨masculineЧ civilization, ¨ЧwhichЧ isЧ preciselyЧ inЧ
questionЧhete,ЧwhichЧisЧna/a·a/qΘinЧquestionЧinЧthisЧanalysisЧolЧcatessing,Ч
equivocation,ЧandЧtheЧ¨epiphanyЧolЧtheЧleminine¨ ·Ч
LquivocationϞconstitutesϞtheϞepiphanyϞofϞtheϞfeminineƎatϞtheϞsameϞ timeϞin-
tetlocutot,ϞcollabotatotϞandϞmastetϞsupetiotlyϞintelligent,ϞsoϞonenϞdominatingϞ
menϞ inϞ theϞ masculineϞcivilizationϞitϞhasϞ enteted,Ϟ andϞwomanϞ havingϞ toϞ beϞ
tteatedϞasϞaϞwoman,Ϟ inϞaccotdanceϞwithϞtulesϞimptesctiptibleϞbyϞcivilϞsocietyƐϞ
TheϞface,ϞallϞsttaightfotwatdnessϞandϞftankness,Ϟ inϞ itsϞfeminineϞepiphanyϞdis-
simulatesϞallusions,Ϟinnuendoes.Ϟ ltϞlaughsϞundetϞtheϞcloakϞofϞitsϞownϞexptes-
sion,ϞwithoutϞleadingϞtoϞanyϞspecih cϞ meaning,Ϟ hintingϞinϞtheϞemptyϞait,Ϟ sig-
nalingϞtheϞlessϞthanϞnothing.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟz6()
WeЧ ateЧnotЧgoingЧlatЧltomЧourЧ¨subject, ¨ЧtheЧtouchingЧolЧtheЧuntouch-
able,ЧtheЧcaress,ЧtheЧ¸leminineŽЧ8eloved,ЧandЧtheЧepiphanyЧolЧtheЧleminine.Ч
TheЧsocialЧandЧsexualЧhietatchyЧthatЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧtecognizedЧisЧevenЧtooЧ
lamiliatЧlotЧus,ЧbutЧitЧbuildsЧupЧatoundЧtheЧvacuumЧotЧsolitatyЧvertigoЧolЧaЧ
tadicalЧasociality,Ч andЧ thisЧ asocialityЧhasЧ itsЧ patadoxicalЧplaceЧinЧ aЧ ¨com-
munityЧolЧleeling, ¨Ч inЧthisЧ¨communityЧolЧsentientЧandЧsensed¨ЧwhichЧisЧ
alsoЧaЧ¨non-socialityЧolЧvoluptuosity. ¨ЧTheЧleminineЧatttactsЧtowatdЧsepa-
tation,ЧlarЧltomЧtheЧsocial,ЧtheЧunivetsal,ЧlarЧlromЧlanguage.ЧWhileЧatttact-
ingЧbyЧstattingЧltomЧvoluptuousnessЧ asЧ theЧ communityЧolЧsentientЧ
Ф
ndЧ
sensed,ЧtheЧleminineЧdoesЧthisЧalsoЧinЧtheЧcommunityЧolЧtheЧtouchingЧandЧ
,oЧ IhisΘIs-sǐ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
theЧtouched.Ч OneЧwillЧ alsoЧ noticeЧhowЧabtuptlyЧoneЧisЧchangingЧovetЧltomЧ
aЧsentenceЧconcetningЧtheЧasocialityЧolЧlovetsЧ ,aЧmanЧandЧaЧwoman,Чsup-
posedly)ЧtoЧ¨theЧleminine, ¨Чsuddenly,Ч onЧhetЧown,ЧbecomingЧ¨theЧOthet¨ ɦЧ
TheϞtelationshipϞestablishedϞbetweenϞlovetsϞinϞvoluptuosity,Ϟ fundamentallyϞte-
ftactotyϞtoϞ univetsalization,Ϟ isϞtheϞvetyϞconttatyϞofϞtheϞ socialϞtelation.Ϟ ltϞeŁ-
cludesϞ theϞ thitdϞ patty,Ϟ itϞ temainsϞ intimacy,Ϟ dualϞ solitude,Ϟ closedϞsociety,Ϟ theϞ
suptemelyϞnon-public.ϞTheϞfeminineϞisϞtheϞOthetϞteftactotyϞtoϞsociety,Ϟ mem-
betϞofϞaϞdualϞsociety,Ϟ anϞintimateϞsociety,Ϟ aϞsocietyϞwithoutϞlanguageϞ . . . . Ϟ ThisϞ
solitudeϞdoesϞnotϞonlyϞdeny,ϞdoesϞnotϞonlyϞfotgetϞtheϞwotld,Ϟthe˰common˰action˰
o¸the˰sentient˰and˰the˰sensed˰whichϞvoluptuosityϞaccomplishesϞcloses,Ϟencloses,Ϟ
sealsϞtheϞsocietyϞofϞtheϞcouple.ϞTheϞnon-socialityϞofϞvoluptuosityϞis,Ϟpositively,Ϟ
theϞcommunityϞofϞsentientϞandϞsensed.ϞtheϞothetϞisϞ notϞ onlyϞaϞsensed,Ϟ butϞ inϞ
theϞ sensedϞisϞ afhtmedϞasϞ sentient,Ϟ asϞ thoughϞ oneϞ sameϞ sentimentϞweteϞsub-
stantiallyϞcommonϞtoϞmeϞandϞtoϞtheϞothetϞ . . . . Ϟ lnϞvoluptuosityϞtheϞOthetϞisϞl , Ϟ
andϞsepatatedϞftomϞmeϞ¸slightlyϞmodihedϞhete-Ttans.| .ϞTheϞsepatationϞofϞ theϞ
OthetϞinϞtheϞmidstϞofϞthisϞ communityϞofϞfeelingϞconstitutesϞ theϞacuityϞofϞvo-
luptuosity.Ϟ ,ibid. ,Ϟ pp.Ϟ Ǥ6|-6,)ʼnȰϞ
¨SepatationЧ olЧtheЧ Othet¨Ч-lotЧ theЧ tecuttingЧwotdsЧ ¨common¨Ч andЧ
¨community¨Чshouldn'tЧdeludeЧanyone.ЧTheЧ¨communityЧolЧleeling,¨Ч¨com-
munityЧolЧsentientЧandЧsensed, ¨Ч¨theЧcommonЧactionЧolЧtheЧsentientЧandЧ
theЧsensed¨Ч onlyЧsealЧaЧdoubleЧandЧttipleЧsolitude,ЧatЧtheЧvetyЧheattЧolЧtheЧ
voluptuousЧcaưess. ЧtheЧlovets'Чsolitude,ЧsepatatedЧltomЧaЧthitdЧpattyЧandЧso-
cialЧtelations,ЧtheЧsolitudeЧolЧtheЧ ͣleminineЧandЧtheЧ masculineȴЧ 8eloved,Ч
sepatatedЧltomЧeachЧ othet.Ч inЧ theЧ ¨telationshipЧ betweenЧ lovets¨ЧtheteЧisЧ
neithetЧ¨possession, ¨ЧnotЧcommunalЧlusion,ЧnotЧevenЧ¨complementatity¨Ч
,ibid. , Чpp.Ч z6Ɛh. ) . Żɞ ЧNothingЧisЧ¸sssi//s,Θhnally.ЧWithЧaЧcatess,Ч nothingЧisЧat-
tainedЧotЧtouchedȠЧ
8utЧitЧtemainsЧtoЧbeЧseenЧwheteЧtheЧbotdetline-ilЧtheteЧisЧoneĎtunsЧ
betweenЧtheЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧpossibleЧexceedingЧtheЧcatessЧwhileЧmakingЧitЧ
possibleЧasЧcaưessЧandЧtheЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧpossibleЧopeningЧupЧ theЧethicalЧ
andЧmakingЧitЧpossible.Ч
WhatЧdoesЧoutЧquestionЧsigniƀ·ЧltЧquestionsЧthatЧwhich,ЧinЧtheЧtendetЧ
catess,ЧcomesЧtoЧextendЧtowatdЧtheЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧpossăble.Чlsn'tЧthisЧmove-
mentЧolЧttanscendenceЧalteadyЧextendedЧtowatdЧtheЧethical·ЧOtЧmustЧoneЧ
intettuptЧtheЧtendetЧolЧtheЧ catessЧ soЧ asЧ toЧ tendЧ towatdЧ theЧ ethical,Ч ltomЧ
oneЧbeyondЧolЧtheЧpossibleЧtowatdЧtheЧothet-beyondЧtheЧpossible·Ч
lsЧitЧpossible·ЧAndЧwhatЧilЧtheЧ¨ptolanation, ¨ЧtheЧ¨beyondЧtheЧlace¨Ч ,olЧ
IheΘ|n/sacha//e,Θ s·Θ/heΘlaΘs¸ΘA/s/inenceΘ Ę

whichЧLevinasЧsoЧoltenЧrecallsЧthatЧitЧa/·ead,ΘptesupposesЧtheЧlace)ЧalreadyЧ
pertainedЧ toЧ theЧ ethical,Ч atЧ theЧ pointЧwheteЧ oneЧ ¨beyondЧ theЧ possible¨Ч
staysЧatЧaЧ/angen/ΘtoЧtheЧothet,Ч oneЧinЧcsn/ac/ΘwithЧtheЧothet,Ч inЧwhatЧte-
mains,Ч asЧ anЧ impossibility,Ч theЧsameΘimpossible:ЧAndЧtheЧsameΘ ¨desire¨ :Ч
lnЧ whatЧ describesЧ theЧ catess,Ч lotЧ example,Ч inЧ theЧ linesЧ quotedЧ below,Ч
howЧ canЧ weЧ notЧrecognizeЧ theЧ veryЧsttuctuteЧ olЧethics:Ч OurЧhypothesis,Ч
then,ЧdoesЧnotЧorientЧusЧlessЧ towatdЧ anЧ ¨already-ethical¨Ч olЧtheЧcaressЧorЧ
prolanationЧthanЧtowardЧ aЧ remainderЧolЧshame,Чptolanation,Ч tteachety,Ч
andЧperjuryЧinЧtheЧrespectЧolЧtheЧethicalȠЧ͂nЧ bothЧcases,Чisn'tЧitЧtragicallyЧtheЧ
sameЧcaressingЧexpetienceЧolЧtwoЧnearlyЧindiscernibleЧ¨impossibles¨ЧotЧtwoЧ
¨unpowers¨Ч _im¸sa·si·s} ·ΘHereЧagain,Ч unsutprisinglyŧthisЧisЧtheЧequivo-
calnessЧolЧequivocation-everythingЧpivotsЧuponЧaЧ¨without, ¨Ч aroundЧitsЧ
syntaxЧwithoutЧ negativity.Ч 1endetheartednessЧolЧtheЧ catess.Ч heЧgives,Ч ex-
tends,Ч andЧtakesЧpleasute,ЧinЧoneЧandЧtheЧsameЧmovement-butЧitЧisЧalsoЧ
aЧ¨sulleringЧai/hsa/Θsullering, ¨Ч andЧhtstЧandЧlotemostЧanЧ ¨evanescence. ¨Ч
DeathЧisЧstillЧptomisedЧthete.Ч1hereЧi sЧaЧdeathЧthreateningЧtheЧptomise,Ч
givingЧtoЧseeЧtheЧmortuatyЧmaskЧinЧtheЧlaceЧbeyondЧtheЧlace.Ч
Ţ l| nϞtbeϞevanescenceϞandϞswoonϞolϞtbeϞtendet,ϞtbeϞsub΍ectϞdoesϞnoŀϞptojectϞitsellϞ
towatdϞtbeϞlututeϞolϞtbeϞpossib|eŇϞTbeϞnot-yet-beingϞisϞ notϞςoϞbeϞtankedϞinϞtbeϞ
sameϞlututeϞ inϞwbicbϞevetytbingϞlϞ canϞtealizeϞalteadyϞctowds,Ϟ scintillatingϞinϞ
tbeϞligbt,ϞoHetingϞitsellϞtoϞmyϞanticipationsϞandϞsolicitingϞmyϞpowets.ϞTbeϞnot-
yet-beingϞisϞpteciselyϞnotϞaϞpossibleϞtbatϞwouldϞonlyϞbeϞmoteϞtemoteϞtbanϞotbetϞ
possibles.ϞTbeϞcatessϞdoesϞnotϞact,˰doesϞnotϞgtaspϞpossiblesϞ. Ň Ň . Ϟ WbollyϞpassion,Ϟ
itϞisϞcompassionϞlotϞtbeϞpassivityϞ¸toate˰¸assion,˰ e//e˰com¸atit˰aĕmĕ¸assicitđ¦ ,˰tbeϞ
suHeting,ϞtbeϞevanescenceϞolϞtbeϞtendetŇϞltϞdiesϞwitbϞtbisϞdeatbϞandϞsulletsϞwitbϞ
tbisϞsuHeting.ϞTendetbeattedness,ϞsulletingϞwitboutϞsuHeting,ϞitϞisϞconsoledϞal-
teady,Ϟ complacentϞinϞitsϞsulletingϞ ¸sligbtlyϞmodihedϞbete-Ttans. ɐϞ. . Ň . Ϟ Volup-
tuosityϞdoesϞnotϞcomeϞtoϞ gtati[Ϟdesite,Ϟ itϞisϞtbisϞ desiteϞ itselɘϞ . Ň Ň Ϟ ToϞ discovetϞ
beteϞmeansϞtoϞviolate,ϞtatbetϞtbanϞtoϞdiscloseϞaϞsectet.ϞAϞviolationϞtbatϞdoesϞnotϞ
tecovetϞltomϞitsϞownϞaudacity-tbeϞsbameϞolϞtbeϞptolanationϞlowetsϞtbeϞeyesϞ
tbatϞsbouldϞbaveϞsctutinizedϞtbeϞ uncoveted.ϞTbeϞ etoticϞ nudiρyϞsaysϞtbeϞinex-
ptessible,ϞbutϞtbeϞinexptessibleϞ|sϞnotϞsepatableϞltomϞtbisϞsayingϞ. . . . Ϟ TbeϞ¨say-
ing, ¨ϞandϞnotϞonlyϞtbeϞsaid,ϞisϞequivocal.Ϟ ,ibi dĕ , Ϟpp.Ϟ Ǥ,,-6o)Ϟ
1hisЧ equivocationЧ accommodates-¨shameЧolЧtheЧ prolanation¨-theЧ
unlotgivableЧperjutyЧwhoseЧabsoluteЧptecocityЧhasЧbeenЧnoted.Ч
LawЧolЧtact.Ч itЧallЧbegins-h delityЧitsell,Ч oaths-withЧanЧ unlotgivableЧ
petjury.ŻĊЧ
ì
|
§ ; Åcndcr
Ihi· I· M, Hccrt
·
'thc hccrt c¸ cncthcr¨
WeЧ haveЧj ustЧlollowedЧaЧcettainЧ gestuteЧ olЧLevinas's.ЧAЧscene,ЧaЧlace,ЧaЧ
beyondЧolЧtheЧlace.Ч1heseЧ analysesЧ olЧtheЧcatess,Ч thisЧ ¨phenomenologyЧolЧ
Etos, ¨Ч
Х
hichЧtouchЧonЧwhatЧtouchesЧanothetЧuntouchable,ЧanЧothetЧasΘun-
touchable,ЧalsoЧ touchЧuponЧbeauty.Ч 8utЧvetgeЧonЧ theЧsublime.Ч
WhethetЧbeautilulЧotЧsublime,ЧtheyЧ¸theseЧanalyses¦Ч temainЧunsettling.Ч
WeЧ acknowledgedЧtheitЧ¨ttuth, ¨Чevidently,Ч andЧtecognizedЧtheitЧpetti-
nenceЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧtheЧexpetienceЧthusЧdesctibed,ЧbutЧweЧdidЧthisЧwhileЧ
sensingЧotЧh ndingЧagainЧsomeЧinvincibleЧsttatagemsЧinЧtheЧlactЧolЧthisЧex-
petienceЧitsellЧandЧ itsЧintetptetativeЧotganization. ЧWeЧ thoughtЧweЧ couldЧ
onceЧagainЧseeЧinЧthisЧsomethingЧatЧwotk,Чpethaps,ЧsomeЧascent,ЧotЧindeedЧ
moteЧthanЧoneЧteligiousЧascendancy,Ч aЧhliationЧolЧvitile,Чpatetnal,Чltatetnal,Ч
alwaysЧ phallocentticЧ lantasies,Ч withЧ aЧ ltatetnityЧolЧonlyЧ sonsЧ always,Ч olЧ
eachЧ¨only, ¨Ч¨uniqueЧson¨ЧasЧtheЧ¨chosenЧson. ¨ ʮ ЧWeЧ thoughtЧweЧtecognizedЧ
inЧthisЧaЧsequenceЧ olЧmovementsЧ asЧ itteptoachableЧasЧ theyЧateЧ guiltyǺЧweЧ
tecognizedЧ aЧsetiesЧolЧptopetlyЧshamelulЧmovements,Ч theitЧ shameЧ mote-
ovetЧconlessed,ЧasЧitЧwete,Ч inЧanЧavowedlyЧshamelulЧconlession. Ч 8utЧitЧisЧ
theЧavowalЧolЧanЧitteptessibleЧptolanation,ЧandЧpethapsЧdisplacesЧandЧdis-
simulates,Ч teplacesЧotЧdeniesЧanothetЧculpability.Ч lethaps,ЧwhileЧptaisingЧ
ethicalЧdissymmettyЧandЧ¨good¨Чhetetonomy,Ч itЧdoesЧnotЧtouchЧsexualЧdis-
symmettyЧandЧtheЧandtophallicЧpositionЧltomЧwheteЧthisЧ¨phenomenol-
ogy¨Ч canЧbeЧexamined.Ч1heЧanalysisЧ isЧnotЧsoЧtendet.ЧThisЧtendetЧisЧnotЧsoЧ
tendetǮЧ ĕetЧ thisЧ tendetЧthingЧisЧatЧtheЧnondeclatedЧotiginЧolЧtheЧethicalЧotЧ
whatЧLevinasЧhnallyЧhasЧgoodЧteasonsЧtoЧtetmЧ¨metaphysicsǮ ¨Ч
lsЧoneЧtight-willЧoneЧevetЧhaveЧtheЧtightЧtoЧhaveЧtheЧdesite,ЧnoЧmattetЧ
howЧ muted,Ч toЧchangeЧ climatesЧ andЧlandscapes·Ч lsЧ itЧpossible·Ч lЧ believeЧ
Iende·Θ ĘƸ Ϟ
not,ЧlЧdon'tЧteallyЧbelieveЧthis,ЧnotЧsimply,Ч notЧi nЧanЧinstant,ЧnotЧwithЧaЧlossЧ
olЧmemoty-butЧallЧtheЧsame.Ч
lЧ theteloteЧtetutn-lЧtutnЧatound,Ч towatdЧȪean-LucЧNancy.Ч lsЧwhatЧheЧ
saysЧ aboutЧ theЧ catess,Ч inЧhisЧ ¨tactileЧ cotpus, ¨Ч compatibleЧ withЧ whatЧweЧ
haveЧj ustЧtead·ЧAЧchangeЧolЧclimatesЧotЧlandscapesЧwouldЧnotЧbeЧenoughЧ
toЧptoveЧit.ЧǾoteovet,ЧwhatЧisЧaЧclimateЧinЧphilosophy,Ч andЧwhatЧisЧaЧlandķ
scape·ЧWhatЧaboutЧtheЧpathos-declatedЧotЧnot-olЧaЧdiscoutse·ЧWhatЧ
aboutЧtheЧsceneЧ olЧtheЧsignatuteЧ thatЧ givesЧ tiseЧtoЧ it,Ч inЧthisЧ placeЧ lЧ j ustЧ
tetmedЧ¨landscape¨ ·ЧDoesЧthisЧtesistЧanalysis·ЧlsЧtheteЧanythingЧelseЧtoЧan-
alyze,Ч hnally-andЧwhatЧcouldЧbeЧmoteЧintetesting·Чlutthetmote,Ч theteЧ
mayЧ beЧaЧ teligiousЧ lundЧthatЧtheЧ twoЧthinketsЧ shateЧinЧmoteЧwaysЧthanЧ
wouldЧatЧhtstЧseem.ЧLevinasЧsometimesЧplaysЧaЧgameЧ,heЧdidЧitЧtightЧbeloteЧ
me) .Ч heЧplaysЧ atЧconlessingЧaЧ CatholicismЧ thatЧNancy,Ч lotЧhisЧ patt,Ч seti-
ouslyЧdisclaims.Ч
¨Tendetheattedness, ¨ЧsaysЧLevinas,ЧandЧtheЧtendet.ЧextendingЧptivilegesЧ
toЧ tendetheattednessЧ andЧspeakingЧolЧtheЧ¨tendet¨ЧasЧanЧotiginalЧcategotyЧ
impliesЧputtingЧtheЧaccentЧinЧloveƵЧandЧtheЧetoticЧ ,inЧ ¨TheЧAmbiguityЧ olЧ
Love¨ЧandЧtheЧ¨lhenomenologyЧolЧEtos¨)ЧonЧaЧmovementЧtowatdЧappease-
ment,Ч aЧmomentЧolЧpeace,ЧandЧaЧdisatming,ЧwhichЧinsistentlyЧteachesЧintoЧ
theЧviolenceЧolЧaЧviolation-moteovetЧimpossible,ЧtheЧɻleminineĂЧßeloved'sЧ
vitginityЧtemainingЧ¨inviolable¨Ч-otЧtheЧviolenceЧolЧunlailingЧptolanation.Ч
LevinasЧ almostЧ alwaysЧ saysЧ¨tendet¨Ч andЧ ¨tendetheattedness, ¨Ч tatelyЧ ,inЧ
lact,Чnevet,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme)Ч¨tendetness. ¨ЧThisЧmayЧbeЧbecauseЧwhatЧheЧde-
sctibesЧisЧlessЧaЧshatedЧstateЧotЧleelingЧ,suchЧasЧtheЧ¨ambiguityЧolЧlove,¨Ч lotЧ
example)Ч thanЧ anЧ eidssΘ ,theЧ invatiantЧ olЧ theЧ tendetЧ otЧ theЧ becoming-
tendet) ,Ч theЧessentialЧandЧidealЧqualityЧolЧanЧintentionalЧexpetience,Ч tead-
ableЧ tightЧ onЧtheЧothet,Ч otЧ inЧmeЧasЧ othet.Ч OneЧ seeksЧ thisЧ disatmingЧandЧ
thisЧpeaceЧ , peaceЧisЧtheЧethicalЧ itsellЧlotЧLevinas)Ч moteЧinЧtheЧtendetЧolЧtheЧ
catess,ЧwheteЧtheЧcatessЧwouldЧtenounceЧpossession,ЧthanЧinЧanyЧetoticЧvio-
lenceЧ¸ashingΘ/ss/hΘandΘnaiŇΘtoЧ achieveЧ pleasuteЧ ¸achatnűeЧù¸sai·¦ .ΘTheЧ
catessЧdoesЧnotЧsetЧuponЧanythingЧtoothЧandЧnail.ЧltЧisЧʡendetЧinЧthatЧitЧdoesЧ
notЧpushЧtoЧtakeЧanything.Ч ltЧwonƲtЧevenЧletЧitsellЧbeЧpushedЧbyЧtheЧHesh.Ч
Rathet,Ч itЧtendsЧtoЧ give,Чextend,ЧtendetЧlotthЧ theЧ tendet.Ч ¨Tiens, ¨Ч hold,Ч
takeЧwhatЧlЧ doЧnotЧpossess,ЧnotЧyou,ЧwhatЧweЧdoЧnotЧandЧshallЧnevetЧpos-
sess.ЧThisЧwillЧnotЧbeЧptopetlyЧoutЧown,ЧolЧthis,ЧweЧshallЧnevetЧbeЧtheЧmas-
tetsЧandЧownets.ЧŏiltЧotЧolleting·Ч
LetЧ usЧ notЧplayЧwithЧ wotds-evet.Ч LetЧ usЧ notЧ placeЧ anyЧ betsЧ onЧ theЧ
homonymy,Ч inЧ ltench,Ч betweenЧ /end·eΘ andЧ /end·e,Θ onЧ theЧ telationsЧ be-
ĘřϞ IhisΘIs-s¸/heΘO/herΘ
tween,Ч onЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧtheЧimmenseЧsemanticЧnetwotkЧandЧallЧtheЧptop-
etlyЧin/en/isna/ΘsensesЧ olЧtheЧ ·er/Θ /endre.Θ inЧ theЧ dominantЧ ttaditionЧ inЧ
ltench,Ч itЧconnotesЧtathetЧsrien/edΘac/i·i/ies,Θ pethapsЧevenЧ ·iri/i/,Θ,Latin,Ч
/endΘ ere,Θltench,Ч/endre.ΘtoЧtend,ЧtoЧholdЧout,ЧtoЧtendet,ЧtoЧextend,ЧtoЧsttetch,Ч
toЧlay out,ЧtoЧsetЧupЧ _dresser} ,ΘtoЧholdЧoutЧoneƲsЧhandЧotЧtoЧsetЧupЧaЧttapЧandЧ
attendЧtoЧit,ЧtoЧgiveЧotЧtoЧensnate,ЧtoЧotientЧonesellЧtowatd,ЧtoЧintendЧto,Чin-
tentionallyЧtoЧseek,ЧandЧsoЧlotth) ,Ч andЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,Ч theЧinstanceЧ olЧ
theЧa//ri/a/eΘ/endre.ΘtheЧlattetЧoŒenЧconnotesЧltagility,Чdelicacy,ЧaЧtathetЧ¸as-
si·eΘvulnetabilityЧthatЧ isЧnonintentional,Ч exposed,Ч andЧ tathetЧchildlikeЧotЧ
leminineЧinЧtheЧsameЧdominantЧttaditionЧolЧitsЧptivilegedЧhgutes.ЧThus,ЧinЧ
extendingЧptivilegesЧtoЧtheЧcatess,ЧLevinasЧnoЧdoubtЧputЧtheЧaccentЧuponЧ
theЧtendetЧolЧtheЧ ¸leminineȳЧ8eloved.Ч8utЧinЧopeningЧitЧupЧontoЧpeaceЧ,anЧ
impossibleЧpeace,ЧatЧanyЧtate-beyondЧtheЧpossible) ,Ч heЧalsoЧimpliedЧtheЧ
giltЧotЧohetingЧolЧthatЧwhichЧtendsЧotЧextends,ЧotЧtendsЧtoЧholdЧoutЧtoЧtheЧ
othet.ЧWithЧtheЧ chanceЧ olЧquasi-homonymy,Ч theЧhauntingЧolЧtheЧ /enderΘ
comesЧback,Ч inЧanЧessential,Чitteducible,Ч andЧ necessatyЧlashion,ЧtoЧvisitЧtheЧ
othet.ЧTheЧothet,Ч theЧ tendet-extendЧ het,Ч extendЧ him.Ч TheЧ ptoolЧolЧtheЧ
tendetЧisЧonlyЧinЧtending.ŻЧ
WithoutЧanyЧplayЧonЧwotds,Чevet,ЧitЧwouldЧtheteloteЧbeЧnecessatyЧtoЧex-
tendЧanЧeatЧandЧtendetlyЧattendЧtoЧtheseЧwotds-tendet,Чtend,Чextend.Ч
WhatЧdoesЧthisЧsay·ЧToЧ extendЧisЧtoЧollet,Ч otЧgive,ЧtoЧgiveЧwhatЧisЧgivenЧ
withoutЧgivingЧ up,Ч whichЧ isЧtoЧsayЧwithoutЧexchangeЧ otЧwaitingЧthatЧtheЧ
othetЧ tetutnsЧ it-otЧgiveЧ,him- otЧhetsell)Ч up.ЧTendetЧit.ЧAttendantЧuponЧ
tendet,Ч¨Tiens' ¨ЧcanЧbeЧheatd.Ч¨Take' ¨ЧNotЧ¨lЧgiveЧyou¨Ч ,aЧphtaseЧmadeЧ
obsceneЧbyЧitsЧassumedЧcettaintyЧandЧtheЧtecognitionЧthatЧitЧseemsЧtoЧex-
pect) ,ЧbutЧ¨take, ¨Ч¨teceive, ¨Ч¨accept, ¨ЧnotЧltomЧme,Ч ptecisely,Ч sinceЧtecog-
nitionЧisЧmadeЧaЧpattyЧtoЧthis,Ч asЧ isЧtheЧptoptietyЧolЧtheЧptopet,Ч andЧeco-
nomics,ЧbutЧ¨take, ¨Ч¨accept, ¨ЧltomЧwhomЧoneЧdoesn'tЧknow,Ч ltomЧ¨ŏod¨Ч
knowsЧwhom. ЧltomЧ¨ŏod, ¨Чpethaps,ЧltomЧ¨ŏodЧknowsЧwho. ¨Ч
LetЧusЧthenЧtepeatЧtheЧquestion.ЧwhatЧisЧoneЧdoingЧwhenЧoneЧisЧholdingЧ
outЧtoЧtheЧothetЧsomethingЧthatЧmustЧnotЧcomeЧltomЧonesell,Ч thatЧmustЧ
notЧbelongЧtoЧwhoЧisЧextendingЧit,ЧandЧsayingЧ¨Tiens'¨ЧinЧltench,ЧandЧonlyЧ
inЧltench,ЧthusЧinЧaЧlanguage,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧsomethingЧthatЧinЧptincipleЧ
cannotЧbeЧtouched·ЧLitetally,ЧinЧsayingЧ¨Tiens'¨Ч,asЧIĕwouldЧlikeЧtoЧdoЧhete) ,Ч
oneЧ ptoposesЧthatЧtheЧothetЧ/sachΘ, litetallyЧotЧ hgutatively,Ч itƲsЧ alwaysЧ theЧ
sameЧ oscillation˫ Ч andЧ /sacherΘdeΘ /ŜƄrgen/,Θ ¨toЧ touchЧ money¨Ч-payment,Ч
ptoh t,ЧotЧcapitalЧgain-isЧtheЧpopulatЧidiom) ,ЧthatЧtheЧothetЧgras¸,ΘotЧseize,Θ
Iende·Θ
Ę ǦϞ
otЧ getЧaЧ gtipЧ onЧ him- otЧ hetsell,Ч butЧ also, Ч inЧ teceivƾngЧ andЧ acceptingЧit,Ч
thatЧtheЧothetЧ/ee¸ΘwhatЧoneЧex/endsΘtoЧhimЧotЧhet.ЧSayingЧ¨TiensĨ , ¨Чsigni-
ʈingЧ¨TiensĨ ¨ЧmeansЧholdingЧoutЧotЧextending,Ч andЧgivingЧtoЧ ¨touch. ¨Ч
OneЧi sЧsuggestingЧthatЧtheЧothetЧtakeЧtheЧgiltЧolЧanЧolletingЧlotЧexample,Ч
andЧteceiveЧandЧacceptЧit,ЧandЧthusЧtouchЧitЧbyЧtakingЧitЧon,ЧbyЧtakingЧitЧinЧ
him- otЧhetselňЧbyЧkeepingЧitЧinЧotЧneatЧonesell-asЧneatlyЧasЧ possible,Ч inЧ
onesellЧotЧwithinЧteachЧolЧtheЧhand. ЧTouch,ЧmoteЧthanЧsightЧotЧheating,Ч
givesЧ neatness,Ч ptoximity-itЧgivesЧ neatby.Ч AndЧilЧtheЧtwoЧothetЧsenses,Ч
tastingЧandЧsmelling,ЧdoЧthisЧalso,ЧitЧisЧnoЧdoubtЧbecauseЧolЧtheitЧalh nityЧ
withЧtouching,ЧbecauseЧtheyЧpattakeЧinЧitЧotЧlieЧneatЧit,Чptecisely,Ч neatЧtheЧ
senseЧolЧneatness,Чptoximity.Ч lnЧthisЧtegatd,ЧisЧitЧevetЧpossibleЧtoЧdissociateЧ
theЧ ¨neat,¨Ч theЧ ¨ptoximate¨Ч _¸·sche}Θ ltomЧtheЧ ¨ptopet,¨Ч theЧ ¨ptoptiate¨Ч
_¸·s¸·e} ·ΘTheЧptoximate,ЧtheЧptopet,ЧandЧtheЧptesent-theЧptesenceЧolЧtheЧ
ptesent·ЧWeЧ canЧimagineЧallЧtheЧconsequencesЧilЧthisЧweteЧimpossible.ЧThisЧ
questionЧwillЧnoЧlongetЧleaveЧ us,Ч evenЧilЧitЧisЧinЧsilenceЧ thatЧweЧleaveЧitЧtoЧ
doЧitsЧwotk.ЧlnЧit,ЧtheЧshatesЧandЧdividingЧlinesЧateЧannounced,ЧevenЧilЧtheyЧ
cannotЧalwaysЧbeЧdecidedЧ. . . . Ч
llЧoneЧbegsЧtheЧothetЧtoЧ takeЧ inЧtheЧgiŒЧolЧanЧolleting,ЧandЧtheteloteЧtoЧ
touchЧitЧbyЧtakingЧitЧon,ЧbyЧkeepingЧitЧinЧotЧneatЧonesell,ЧinЧtheЧclosestЧpos-
sibleЧptoximity,ЧinЧonesellЧotЧwithinЧteachЧolЧone˕sЧhand,ЧitЧisЧbecause,ЧasЧƩ-
waysЧ ,ittesistibleЧ tendency)Ч oneЧ thinksЧ htstЧ olЧall , ЧandЧ tooЧ much,Ч aboutЧ
handz,ΘthatЧis,ЧaboutЧtheЧmanaaƝΘtheЧmanne·,Θ maneaije·,Θ otЧmani¸a//isn. Θ
seizute,Чcomptehension,Чptehension,Чcaptation,Чacceptation,Чteception-aЧ
pleaЧ_¸·ie·e}Θ thatЧsomethingЧbeЧteceivedЧthatЧbeginsЧtoЧseemЧlikeЧanЧotdet.Ч
¨TiensĨ ¨ЧdoЧtakeЧit,ЧdoЧ touch.Ч Hence,ЧthisЧ¨tendetЧextending¨ЧmayЧsome-
timesЧbecomeЧviolenceЧitsell-notЧevenЧtoЧmentionЧtheЧsttikingЧtwistЧ_csa¸}Θ
inЧ theЧ languageЧ thatЧ displacesЧ theЧ ¨TiensĨ ¨Ч ,TakeЧ thisĨ)Ч olЧaЧ giltЧ toЧ theЧ
¨TiensĨ¨Ч,TakeЧthatĨ)ЧolЧaЧblowЧ_csa¸¦ .Θ¨TiensĨ¨Ч¨TakeЧthatĨ¨ЧoneЧsometimesЧ
saysЧwhenЧ dealingЧ aЧ blow-lot,Ч inЧ ltench,Ч aЧ blowЧ isЧ alsoЧ dealt,Ч thatЧ is,Ч
given.ЧoneЧgivesЧtheЧblowsЧoneЧsttikes.Ч8utЧthisЧgiltЧisЧnotЧaЧptesent,Чthen,ЧitЧ
shouldn'tЧbe-soЧoneЧthinks,ЧatЧleast-andЧanЧolletingЧevenЧless. Ч
NancyЧdistinguishesЧbetweenЧolletingЧandЧgilt,ЧotЧtathetЧtheЧolletingЧinЧ
theЧgilt. ЧAЧgiltЧisЧanЧolletingЧwhenЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧtheЧdonationЧolЧtheЧgiltЧ
theteЧisЧaЧ¨withdtawalЧolЧtheЧgilt, ¨Ч theЧ¨withdtawalЧolЧitsЧbeingĪptesent. ¨ƒЧ
¨TiensĨ ¨Чlittingly,Ч itЧisЧonЧtheЧsubj ectЧolЧ¨TheЧ SublimeЧOlleting¨Ч thatЧ
NancyЧenj oinsЧtheЧinctedible.ЧHeЧletsЧhimsellЧbeЧenjoined-butЧheЧseemsЧ
toЧholdЧtoЧthis-toЧ¨changeЧsense, ƮΘnoЧlessĨЧ
ThisЧgestuteЧlooksЧlikeЧhim.Ч lЧknowЧȪean-LucЧNancyЧtoЧbeЧalwaysЧteadyЧ
· |
IhisΘIsʉs¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
lotЧevetything,Ч tesolvedЧtoЧchangeЧevetything,ЧevenЧ sense,Ч andЧ moteЧthanЧ
anyoneЧelse,Ч heЧstill, Чalways,ЧevenЧshouldЧheЧbeЧtheЧlastЧoneЧ stillЧ doingЧ it,Ч
talksЧsense,ЧolЧsenseЧinЧallЧtheЧsensesЧolЧtheЧwotdЧsense,ЧwhichЧdoesЧnotЧpte-
ventЧhisЧcs·¸asΘltomЧtemainingЧconsistentЧandЧpowetlullyЧlaithlulЧtoЧitsell.Ч
AndЧheЧisЧwotkingЧonЧaЧbookЧtoЧbeЧtiͷedЧLeΘsensΘdaΘmsndeΘ,IheΘSenseΘs¸Θ/heΘ
Ĥ·/d) , ΘnoЧless' żЧ
Now,Ч inЧtheЧaŒetmath,Ч andЧaltetЧaЧlewЧ eatlietЧallusionsЧtoЧthis,Чisn'tЧthisЧ
theЧplaceЧtoЧtiskЧptohetingЧtheЧ¨petiodization¨ЧhypothesisЧthatЧisЧguidingЧus·Ч
ltЧisЧwotthЧwhatevetЧitЧisЧwotth,ЧitЧisЧnothingЧbutЧaЧhypothesis,ЧitЧisЧwotthЧ
whatevetЧsuchЧpetiodizationsЧateЧwotth.Ч Cettainly,Ч theteЧisЧnoЧcutting,Чin-
divisibleЧlimitĥЧtheteЧisЧnoЧsimpleЧinstantЧotЧagencyЧbetweenЧaЧ/Ə·eΘandЧanЧ
a̍ƪe·Θwhetevet,ЧwithЧtheЧnonlineatЧdutationЧolЧaЧptocess,Чthinking-weighing-
pondeting,ЧlanguageЧandЧtheЧ¨body, ¨ЧandЧtheЧexsctibed,Ч comeЧabout.ЧɬlЧal-
tetellectsЧ discteetlyЧ teletЧ backЧ toЧ aЧ lewЧ ptemises,Ч aЧ pastЧ ltomЧbeloteЧ theЧ
matkableЧbeginningĥЧtoЧhndЧthemЧannounced,Ч itЧsulhcesЧtoЧshatpenЧone'sЧ
teading.Ч Howevet,Ч lЧwondetЧwhethetЧitЧmayЧnotЧbeЧ towatdЧ theЧ endЧ olЧtheЧ
i,?osЧthatЧtouchЧtouchedЧdownЧinЧNancy'sЧthinkingЧandЧwtiting,Чlet'sЧsayЧinЧ
anЧincteasinglyЧphenomenalЧway,Ч incteasinglyЧlessЧevitable-untilЧtheЧeatlyЧ
i,,o͗,ЧwhenЧtouchЧinvadedЧhisЧlexiconЧbyЧwayЧolЧe·ˬΘthetoticalЧotЧlogicalЧ
mode.ЧLetЧmeЧtepeatЧthatЧnoneЧolЧthisЧcanЧhaveЧstattedЧj ustЧoutЧolЧtheЧblue,Ч
oneЧhne-otЧbad-day.Ч ToЧ beЧsute,Ч someЧptecutsotyЧsignsЧweteЧalteadyЧ
theteЧvetyЧeatlyЧ on.Ч 8utЧitЧwasЧ betweenЧ Nj,?;Ч andЧ Nj,,iЧ ,apptoximatelyɈ
pendingЧaЧmoteЧhne-gtainedЧstatisticalЧanalysis)Ч thatЧtheЧcotpusЧwasЧmoteЧ
thanЧtouchedЧupon.ЧitЧwasЧsummoned,ЧalmostЧviolated,Чpenettated,Чdomi-
nated,ЧbyЧtheЧopeưationЧthatЧcameЧtoЧinsctibeЧsomeЧ¨touchγng¨ЧatЧtheЧheattЧ
olЧallЧwtiting.ЧTheЧopetationЧinЧquestionЧdidЧnotЧ takeЧplaceЧinЧoneЧsingleЧ
day,Ч toЧbeЧsute,ЧatЧaЧpatticulatЧhout,ЧandЧilЧitЧdidЧtakeЧplaceЧoneЧday,Ч itЧhadЧ
aЧwholeЧhistotyЧptecedingЧandЧlollowingЧit,ЧaЧhistotyЧthatЧisЧoldetЧthanЧtheЧ
bodyЧandЧthinkingЧolȪean-LucЧNancy,Ч asЧheЧsaidЧhimselŠЧ
lЧhaveЧputposelyЧj ustЧusedЧtheЧgenetalЧtetmЧ¨opetation. ¨ЧTheЧopetationЧ
olЧwhichЧlЧamЧspeakingЧisЧcontempotaneousЧwithЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧaЧsa·g¯icalЧ
oneЧ¸sutgety.ЧŏteekЧchei·sa·gia,ΘltomЧchei·Θ, hand)ЧandЧe·gsnΘ,wotk)ȴ ,ЧdoneЧ
byЧhand,Ч theЧhandЧolЧtheЧothet,Ч andЧthusЧbyЧtouching,ЧevenЧil,ЧasЧalways,Ч
machinesЧandЧtechnologyЧateЧindispensableЧinЧthis.Ч ,AndЧinЧtheЧlollowingЧ
chaptets,Ч itЧisЧtheЧ thinkingЧolЧaЧ/echnëΘolЧbodiesЧ asЧ thinkingЧolЧtheЧptos-
theticЧsupplementЧthatЧwillЧmatkЧtheЧgteatestЧdilletence,Ч itЧseemsЧtoЧ me,Ч
Iende·Θ
Ę ȸ Ϟ
betweenЧNancy'sЧdiscoutseЧandЧothetЧmoteЧo t ЧlessЧcontempotatyЧdiscoutsesЧ
aboutЧtheЧ¨bodyЧptopet¨ЧotЧ¨hesh. ¨)Ч lЧamЧalludingЧtoЧtheЧheattЧttansplantЧ
opetationЧwhoseЧ ¨subject¨Ч |eanəLucЧ NancyЧwas,Ч inЧaЧway,Ч moteЧthanЧtenЧ
yeatsЧago.ЧlЧbelieveЧthatЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧknow,ЧandЧlЧdoЧnotЧknowЧwhethetЧ
heЧ isЧ ttyingЧ toЧ hndЧ out,Ч whethetЧ theЧ heattЧ ofЧtheЧ othetЧ thatЧ heЧ cattiesЧ
withinЧhimЧisЧtheЧheattЧofЧaЧwomanЧotЧaЧman.ЧLəin/·asΘ, IheΘIn/·ade·)Θ datesЧ
ftomЧ|anuatyЧ̲ĘĘĘ̐Ϟ
lϞbave-Ɍboķ-tbisϞ¨l¨ϞisϞpteciselyϞtbeϞquestion,ϞtbeϞoldϞquestion.ϞwbatϞisϞtbisϞ
enunciatingϞsubŧect̟ϞAlwaysϞloteignϞtoϞtbeϞsubɬectϞolϞitsϞownϞuttetance,Ϟneces-
satilyϞinttudingϞuponϞit,ϞyetϞineluctablyϞitsϞmotot,Ϟsbiltet,Ϟ otϞbeatt-l,Ϟ tbete-
lote,ϞteceivedϞtbeϞbeattϞolϞanotbet,ϞnowϞneatlyϞtenϞyeatsϞago.Ϟ ltϞwasϞaϞttansplant,Ϟ
gtaltedϞ on.Ϟ MyϞ ownϞ beattϞ ,asϞ youƋveϞ gatbeted,Ϟ itϞ isϞ entitelyϞaϞ mattetϞ olϞtbeϞ
¨ptopet, ¨ϞolϞbeingϞone,Ϟ otϞone'sϞ¨own¨-otϞelseϞitϞisϞnoǃϞinϞtbeϞleastϞ. . . Ϟ )-myϞ
ownϞbeattϞinϞlactϞwasϞwotnϞout,ϞlotϞteasonsϞtbatϞbaveϞnevetϞbeenϞcĀeat.̫Ϟ
AЧseatingЧtestimony,ЧadmitableЧinЧitsЧȷeatЧsobtiety˨Ч exactitude,ЧandЧpto-
bity,Ч itЧisЧtoЧmyЧknowledgeЧuniqueЧi nЧtheЧhistotyЧofЧhumanityЧandЧtheЧhis-
totyЧofЧphilosophy-fotЧteasonsЧthatЧheЧhimselfЧanalʥesЧinЧanЧimpeccableЧ
way.Ч Now,Ч thisЧ ¨text¨Ч ,whetebyЧtheЧ ftiendЧdiscteetlyЧtetteatsЧ towatdЧ hisЧ
topic)ЧtwiceЧ/sachesΘuponЧtheЧvocabulatyЧofЧ/saching.ΘonceЧinЧotdetЧtoЧteϕlЧ
theЧaniqaenessΘs¸Θ/heΘe·en/Θ,theЧopetation, Чi ncision, Чttansplantation, Чeco-
technics,Ч theЧcomingЧofЧptostheticsЧotЧaЧfoteignЧbodyЧatЧtheЧheattЧofЧtheЧ
bodyЧptopet,ЧaЧcomingЧwhoseЧpossibilityЧwillЧhaveЧbeenЧopenЧfotevet) ,Чan-
othetЧtimeЧinЧotdetЧtoЧtellЧaboutЧtheЧcontactЧbetweenЧ¨l¨ЧandЧ¨l¨ЧinЧplea-
sute,Ч inЧsuffeting,ЧandЧinЧ·e¸ec/isn.Θ ¨lЧfeelЧitЧdistinctly,Ч itЧisЧmuchЧsttongetЧ
thanЧaЧsensation. ЧnevetЧhasЧtheЧsttangenessЧofЧmyЧownЧidentity,Ч whichЧl'veЧ
nonethelessЧalwaysЧfoundЧsoЧsttiking,ЧtouchedЧmeЧwithЧsuchЧacuity. ¨ȧЧ
lnЧothetЧwotds,ЧheteЧheЧisЧtouchedЧbyЧaЧsttangenessЧthatЧnoЧlongetЧhasЧ
anythingЧ toЧ doЧ withЧ theЧ quasi-ttanscendentalЧ sttangenessЧ thatЧ tefetsЧ usЧ
allЧ toЧ outЧ ¨ ɝ's¨Ч otЧoutЧ ownЧ bodies.Ч AndЧyet,Ч inЧtheiĒЧpossibility,Ч theЧ twoЧ
sttangenessesЧkeepЧmakingЧsignsЧtowatdЧoneЧanothetЧandЧimplicatingЧeachЧ
othet.Ч1heyЧlookЧalike,ЧoneЧsheltetsЧtheЧothet,ЧoneЧhidesЧotЧshowsЧtheЧothet'sЧ
ttuth.ЧHenceЧtheЧpossibilityЧtoЧspeakЧaboutЧ thisЧ andЧbeЧheatd,Ч appatently,Ч
beЧ itЧatЧtheЧcostЧofЧanЧunfathomableЧmisundetstanding.Ч1heЧsameЧgoesЧfotЧ
theЧtej ectionЧthatЧisЧ alsoЧatЧissueЧinЧ theЧsecondЧoccuttence.Ч1hisЧ tejectionЧ
temains,ЧalthoughЧitЧisЧnotЧsimplyЧtheЧquasi-ttanscendentƩЧtej ectionЧthatЧ
oneЧ makesЧ outЧ inЧ allЧ theЧ expetiencesЧwithЧ ex- mentionedЧ eatlietЧ ,expul-
sion, Ч exĺsctiption, Ч andЧ soЧ fotth) .Ч OneЧ hasЧ ttoubleЧ deciding,Ч moteovet,Ч
IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/herΘ
whethetЧtheЧtej ectionЧ olЧwhichЧ heЧ speaksЧ isЧtheЧtej ectionЧofЧsulfetingЧinЧ
genetalЧotЧtheЧ¨tejectionƇЧolЧaЧttansplantedЧotgan.Ч
TbeϞemptyϞidentityϞolϞanϞ Í canϞnoϞlongetϞtestϞinϞitsϞsimpleϞadequationϞ,itsϞ
¨lϞ ¬ lŬ)ϞwbenϞitϞspeaksϞ ¸sƄnonce¦ ȉ˰ ¨lϞamϞsulleting¨Ϟ impliesϞtbatϞtbeteϞateϞtwoϞ
''ȳ's,''ϞeacbϞoneϞloteignϞtoϞ tbeϞ otbetϞ,yetϞtoucbing) .Ϟ SoϞ itϞ isϞ witbϞ¨l ϞamϞ inϞ ec-
stasyʜϞ _¸e˰¸oais¦˰ . . o inϞ¨lϞamϞsuHeting,¨ϞoneϞ''˱''ϞteɬectsϞtbeϞotbetϞ¨l, ¨ϞwbileϞinϞ¨l Ϟ
amϞi nϞecstasy¨ϞoneϞƭ' ȳ'ƋϞexceedsϞtbeϞotbet.ϞTbeϞtwoϞtesembleϞeacbϞotbet,Ϟdoubt-
lessϞlikeϞbitdsϞolϞaϞleatbetϞ ¸comme˰deax˰goa˘es˰dɞaa¦ ,˰ neitbetϞmoteϞnotϞless. ȹϞ
OneЧ moteЧ wotdЧ aboutЧ ¨petiodization¨Ч-possibleЧ yetЧ impossibleЧ toЧ
ptove,ЧptobableЧyetЧim-ptobable,ЧonlyЧbatelyЧptobable.ЧHavingЧtakenЧtheseЧ
ptecautions,ЧlЧwouldЧlikeЧto,ЧilЧlЧmay,ЧbtingЧupЧaЧfewЧquickЧandЧsupethcia|Ч
piecesЧofЧevidence.Ч¨1heЧSublimeЧOffeting,¨ЧwhichЧlЧwasЧptepatingЧtoЧdis-
cussЧ,thisЧtextЧwasЧhtstЧpublishedЧinЧĠ,?;,ЧbutЧteappeatedЧasЧpattЧofЧaЧbook,Ч
|neΘ¸enséeΘ¸nΘ ie,Θ inЧi,,o) ,
ǴЧ
indeedЧptoposesЧtoЧ¨passЧftomЧsightЧtoЧtactũ ¨ ǁ ɳЧ
ßutЧwhatЧitЧbehoovesЧusЧtoЧ tetutnЧ toЧ itsЧconcteteЧthickness,ЧtoЧtheЧexpeti-
enceЧofЧtesistantЧdensity,Ч isЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧhguteЧthisЧessential|yЧabsttact,Ч in-
sensib|e,Чinvisib|e,ЧandЧintangibleЧthingЧthatЧaЧ/imi/Θis.Ч ¨theЧsingu|atЧmodeЧ
ofЧtheЧptesentationЧolЧaЧlimitЧisЧthatЧthisЧ|imitЧmustЧbeЧteached,ЧmustЧcomeЧ
toЧbeЧ/sached.Θ oneЧmustЧchangeЧsense,Ч passЧltomЧsightЧtoЧtact. ¨ ʙ ʙ Ч
ßefoteЧweЧtetutnЧtoЧwhatЧttanspitesЧinЧthisЧpassageЧdealingЧwithЧsuchЧaЧ
¨passage¨Ч ofЧtheЧlimit,ЧandЧespeciallyЧthisЧ passingЧ¨ftomЧsightЧ toЧ tact,¨ЧletЧ
usЧfteelyЧgtantЧoutselvesЧthteeЧtettogtessions,ЧwhichЧateЧalsoЧthteeЧvittualЧ
ptogtams.Ч
A.Ч litst,ЧletЧusЧnoteЧthat,ЧmutatisЧmutandis-ifЧthisЧmayЧsti|lЧbeЧsaidЧatЧ
suchЧaЧgapingЧdistance-thisЧpassingЧftomЧsightЧtoЧtactЧheteЧagainЧteca|lsЧ
ßetke|ey.Ч lnЧttuthЧlЧ nevetЧstopЧthinkingЧofЧhimЧwhileЧwtitingЧaboutЧtouch,Ч
evenЧifЧlЧcannotЧpossiblyЧheteЧdoЧjusticeЧtoЧtheЧhneЧcomplexityЧolЧhisЧptob-
lematic.ЧßutЧoutЧofЧitsЧcontextЧaЧsentenceЧsuchЧasЧ ¨oneЧmustЧ. . . Ч passЧltomЧ
sightЧtoЧtact¨ЧcouldЧbelongЧtoЧtheЧßetkeleyanЧaxiomaticsЧthatЧbeganЧwithЧtheЧ
tejectionЧofЧanyЧidentityЧbetweenЧaЧseenЧ objectЧandЧaЧtouchedЧobject.Ч OneЧ
needsЧtoЧleapЧftomЧoneЧtoЧtheЧothetЧb|indly,ЧlikeЧsomeoneЧbotnЧblind,ЧactossЧ
anЧinhniteЧabyss. ЧĀvenЧ ifЧitЧisЧtheЧ ¨sameЧ thing, ¨ЧwhatЧweЧseeЧ isЧoneЧ thing,Ч
whatЧweЧtouchЧisЧanothet,ЧsaysЧßetkeleyЧinЧAnΘEssa,Θ IįaardsΘaΘNeaΘIhesr,Θ
s¸ΘlsisnΘ,sectionЧ̓z/)Ч ,inЧaЧĆćžphenomeno|ogicalЧsty|eśЧanЧa/read,Θphenom-
eno|ogicalЧstyle,ЧalteadyЧwithЧaЧcettainЧteduction,ЧandЧsti|lЧa/Θ/heΘ/hreshsďΘolЧ
thisЧteduction) .Ч¨1heЧextension,Чhgutes,ЧandЧmotionsЧpetceivedЧbyЧsightЧateЧ

Iende·Θ
Ę Ę Ϟ
specihcallyЧdistinctЧftomЧtheЧideasЧofЧtouchЧcaŴledЧbyЧtheЧsameЧnames,ЧnotЧisЧ
theteЧanyЧsuchЧthingЧasЧoneЧideaЧotЧkindЧofЧideaЧcommonЧtoЧbothЧsenses. ¨ ř ƣ Ч
ȬatetЧon, ЧtheseЧdiffetentЧobjectsЧwillЧgoЧbyЧtheЧsameЧnames,ЧandЧthus,Ч
whatЧßetkeleyЧmobilizesЧtoЧaccountЧfotЧthisЧisЧtheЧwholeЧquestionЧofЧlan-
guage,ЧitsЧuseЧandЧdestination,ЧandЧtheЧquestionЧofЧtheologyЧ,¨theЧptopetЧ
objectsЧ ofЧvisionЧconstituteЧ anЧ univetsalЧlanguageЧofЧtheЧAuthotЧofЧNa-
tute¨) . Ȣ łЧ AndЧ thatЧ isЧ theЧ ultimateЧ tecoutseЧ gtoundingЧ hisЧ philosophyũЧ
WhatЧ thisЧ intetptetationЧ ofЧ theЧ sensesЧ ptesupposes-andЧ h tstЧ ofЧ allЧ ofЧ
touch,Ч ofЧtheЧhaptical,Ч thatЧis, ЧtheЧleastЧteducibleЧamongЧthem,Ч commonЧ
toЧallЧlivingЧbeingsЧinЧtheЧwotld,ЧwhichЧisЧnotЧtheЧcaseЧwithЧvision-lastlyЧ
isЧaЧtheology,Ч andЧmoteЧpteciselyЧanЧontotheology.Ч ßutЧ beyondЧsoЧmanyЧ
obviousЧdiffetences,ЧaЧcommonЧgestuteЧofЧthoughtЧtakesЧintoЧ accountЧtheЧ
hetetogeneityЧbetweenЧtheЧtwoЧsenses,Ч theЧtwoЧ¨phenomenologiesЧofЧpet-
ception¨Ч thatЧateЧdedicatedЧtoЧ them,Ч asЧwellЧasЧ aЧcettainЧptimacyЧgtantedЧ
toЧ touch.Ч lfЧtheЧideasЧofЧspace,Ч distance,Ч andЧthetefoteЧmovementЧcouldЧ
notЧcomeЧftomЧvision,ЧasЧßetkeleyЧtitelesslyЧtepeatsЧandЧNancyЧalsoЧseemsЧ
toЧimply,Ч thenЧtheЧhguteЧofЧtheЧlimit,Ч theЧapptoachЧofЧandЧtoЧ aЧlimit,Ч theЧ
¨ptesentationЧ ofЧaЧ limit¨Ч mustЧ pushЧ us,Ч asЧ NancyЧsays,Ч indeed,Ч toЧ ¨passЧ
ftomЧsightЧtoЧ tact. ¨Ч lnЧ addition, Ч ßetkeleyЧoftenЧatguesЧ thatЧtheЧ¸h,sica/Θ
mechanismsЧ ofЧvision, Ч¨tetina,Чctystalline,Чpupil ,Ч tays¨Ч ttavelingЧthtoughЧ
it,ЧandЧsoЧfotth,Ч¨ateЧthingsЧaltogethetЧofЧaЧtangibleЧnatute. ¨ ř DzЧ
1heЧtemainingЧtaskЧ ,isЧ itЧaЧtaskЧfotЧtoday:)Ч isЧtoЧtĒyЧtoЧaccountЧfotЧtheЧ
¨sameЧnames, ¨Чcommon,ЧfotЧexample,ЧtoЧbothЧtheЧvisibleЧandЧtheЧtangible,Ч
almost,Чhete,ЧatЧtheЧ/imi/ΘvisibleЧandЧtangible.Ч1heЧtemainingЧendeavotЧisЧ
toЧfollowЧtheitЧgenealogyЧstattingЧftomЧanothetЧdiscoutseЧaltogethet,Ч an-
othetЧ¨knowledge¨Ч altogethet,ЧaЧknowledgeЧlessЧconhě dentЧinЧitsЧthinkingЧ
ofЧ¨commonЧsense,¨ЧotЧtheЧhvefoldЧtootЧofЧtheЧsenses-inЧaЧbodyЧwithЧhveЧ
senses,ЧnoЧmote,ЧnoЧless-withoutЧatЧonceЧcallingЧonЧGodЧfotЧhelp.ЧAЧ¨de-
consttuctionЧofЧChtistianity, ¨ЧweЧ canЧ bet,Ч willЧhaveЧtoЧ doЧbattleЧ betweenЧ
theЧvisibleЧandЧtheЧtangible-andЧseekЧsomethingЧelse. ř ż Ч
ß. Ч lot-andЧ thisЧ i s ЧmyЧsecondЧ backttackingЧ digtession,Ч myЧsecondЧ
tettovision,ЧandЧalsoЧmyЧsecondЧtematkЧinЧviewЧofЧaЧshottЧtheologicalЧttea-
tiseЧ onЧ touch-itЧ isЧ necessatyЧtoЧ temindЧ theЧ authotЧofЧCs·¸asΘofЧwhatЧheЧ
noЧdoubtЧknowsЧwell, ū ĭЧheЧwhoЧteplaysЧtheЧ¨HocЧestЧenimЧ cotpusЧ meum¨Ч
inЧanЧ entitelyЧdiffetentЧway.Ч evenЧbefoteЧandЧbeyondЧtheЧeuchatisticЧmo-
mentЧofЧthisЧ¨cotpus, ¨ЧallЧtheЧGospelsЧptesentЧtheЧChtistiǗЧbodyЧnotЧonlyЧ
asЧ aЧ bodyЧ ofЧlightЧ andЧ tevelationЧbut,Ч inЧ aЧ hatdlyЧ lessЧ essentialЧway,Ч asЧ aЧ
i ooЧ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
bodyЧ/sachingΘasЧ muchЧ asЧ/sachedΘ asЧû eshЧ thatЧ isЧtouched-touching.Ч 8e-
tweenЧlifeЧandЧdeath. ЧAndЧifЧoneЧtefetsЧ toЧtheЧGteekЧwotdЧthatЧttanslatesЧ
thisЧtouching,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧaЧdivineЧpowetЧandЧtheЧmanifestationЧofЧGodЧ
incatnate,ЧoneЧcanЧtakeЧtheЧGospelsЧfotЧaЧgene·a/Θha¸Θ/icsąΘSalvationЧsavesЧbyЧ
touching,ЧandЧtheЧSaviot,ЧnamelyЧtheЧ1ouchet,ЧisЧalsoЧtouched.ЧheЧisЧsaved,Ч
safe,Чunscathed,Ч andЧfteeЧofЧdamage.Ч1ouchedЧbyЧgtace.Ч
r . Θ|esusЧtheЧsaviotЧisЧ¨touching, ¨Ч heЧisЧtheЧ OneЧwhoЧtouches,ЧandЧmostЧ
oftenЧwithЧhisЧhand,Ч andЧmostЧoftenЧ inЧotdetЧtoЧputiƬ,Ч heal,ЧotЧtesusci-
tate-save,ЧinЧaЧwotd.Ч
HeЧhealsЧotЧputihesЧtheЧlepetЧbyЧtouchingЧhim. Ч ¨AndЧheЧ sttetchedЧoutЧ
hisЧhandЧandЧtouchedЧhim,ЧsayingЧ _e/Θex/endensΘIesasΘmanam,Θ /e/igi/Θeam,Θ
dicensΘo e o /ĕ/aiΘe//einasΘ/ënΘ chei·aΘë¸sa/sΘaa/saΘ/egŐn} , ΘŷlЧwishЧ it,Ч beЧclean. ' Ч
AndЧimmediatelyЧhisЧleptosyЧwasЧcleansed¨Ч ,Matt.Ч?. Ч;) . ř ȧЧ
HeЧ healsЧ letet'sЧ mothet-in-lawЧ byЧtouchingЧhetЧ handЧ withЧ hisЧ hand.Ч
¨HeЧtouchedЧhetЧhandЧ¸/e/igi/ΘmanamΘeiasŎë¸sa/sΘ/ësΘchei·ssΘaa/ës¦ ɚΘandЧtheЧ
fevetЧleftЧhet¨Ч,Matt.Ч ?.Ч i ;) .Ч
HeЧhealsЧtheЧblindЧbyЧtouchingЧtheitЧeyes.Ч ¨1henЧ heЧtouchedЧtheitЧeyes,Ч
saying,Ч ɕccotdingЧtoЧ youtЧ faithЧ beЧ itЧ doneЧ toЧyou. ' ЧAndЧ theitЧeyesЧ weteЧ
opened¨Ч,Matt.Ч,.Ч z,Ǭ;o) .ЧHealingЧtheЧblindЧseemsЧallЧtheЧmoteЧinitial,ЧandЧ
initiating,ЧsinceЧtouchЧisЧwhatЧgivesЧsight.ЧtheЧhandЧopensЧtoЧtheЧlightЧofЧtev-
elationЧandЧ givesЧ toЧsee,Ч andЧ thenЧ makesЧ oneЧfollowЧChtist.Ч ŷˑŭndЧ behold,Ч
twoЧblindЧmenЧ. . . . Ч |esusЧstoppedЧandЧcalledЧthem,Чsaying,ЧŷWhatЧdoЧyouЧ
wantЧmeЧtoЧdoЧfotЧyou:' Ч1heyЧsaidЧtoЧhim,Ч Lotd,ЧletЧoutЧeyesЧbeЧopened. ' Ч
AndЧ|esusЧ inЧpityЧ ¸ heЧwasЧ moved,Ч mise·/asΘ/ĕ s¸/agchnis/heis¦Θ touchedЧ theitЧ
eyes,ЧandЧimmediatelyЧtheyЧteceivedЧtheitЧsightЧandЧfollowedЧhimŊЧ ,Matt.Ч
zo.Ч;oĞ;Ɛ) . ɞ ǎЧ1heЧallusionЧtoЧ|esus'sЧemotionЧ,mise·/asΘ/ĕ s¸/gchnis/heis)ΘspeaksЧ
ofЧtheЧessentialЧmovementЧofЧhea·΃//Θme·c̲/Θ_misȍ
Ƣ
ics·diease}Θ compassion,Ч
ofЧChtist'sЧheattЧotЧenttails,ЧtheЧheshlyЧlocusЧofЧpatdon. Ч1heЧheatt.ЧthatЧisЧ
wheteЧChtistЧisЧhųtstЧmovedЧandЧtouched.ЧAȍdЧthete,ЧandЧthen,ЧheЧtouches,Ч
sinceЧheЧhasЧbeenЧtouchedЧ . . . . Ч
HeЧ healsЧ andЧ savesЧ ftomЧ featЧ ,theteЧ isЧ noЧ mentionЧ ahe·eΘ hisЧ touchЧ
teachesЧhete) .Ч¨8utЧ|esusЧcameЧandЧtouchedЧthem,Чsaying,Чŷ Rise,ЧandЧhaveЧ
noЧfeat. 'Ч AndЧ whenЧ theyЧliftedЧ upЧ theitЧ eyes,Ч theyЧsawЧnoЧoneЧbutЧ|esusЧ
only¨Ч ,Matt.Чi/

/
Ğ?) .Ч
AilmentsЧofЧtheЧtongueЧandЧspeechЧheЧdoubtlessЧ healsЧ evenЧ moteЧsttik-
ingly.Ч1oЧ anЧallЧbutЧmuteЧdeafЧman,ЧheЧgivesЧbackЧtheЧabilityЧtoЧspeak.ЧȬay-
ingЧ hisЧ handЧ onЧ himЧ andЧ touchingЧhisЧ tongue,Ч heЧ listensЧ toЧ him. Ч ɋAndЧ
I˾nds·Θ ĵ ƶĵ Ϟ
theyЧbroughtЧt oЧhimЧaЧmanЧwhoЧwasЧ dealЧandЧhadЧanЧimpedimentЧi nЧhisЧ
speech,ЧandЧtheyЧbesoughtЧhimЧtoЧlayЧhisЧhandЧuponЧhim.ЧAndЧtakingЧhimЧ
asideЧlromЧtheЧmultitudeЧprivately,ЧheЧputЧhisЧh ngersЧintoЧhisЧears,ЧandЧheЧ
spatЧandЧtouchedЧhisЧtongueЧ ¸/s/igi/Θ/ingaamΘsiasΘ/ĕë¸sa/sΘ/ësΘg/ŐssësΘaa/sa} ,Θ
andЧlookingЧupЧtoЧheaven,ЧheЧsighed,Ч andЧsaidЧ toЧhim,ЧƈĀphphatha, 'Ч thatЧ
is,ЧŦ ßeЧopened. ' ЧAndЧhisЧearsЧwereЧopened,ЧhisЧtongueЧwasЧreleasedЧ¸·inca-
/amΘ/ingaasŎdssmssΘ/ësΘg/Őssës} ,ΘandЧheЧspokeЧplainly.ЧAndЧheЧchargedЧthemЧ
toЧ tellЧ noЧ one,Ч butЧ theЧmoreЧ heЧchargedЧthem,Ч theЧ moreЧ zealouslyЧtheyЧ
proclaimedЧit¨Ч ,MarkЧ,. ;zǬ;6ŋ . Ǎ
ǴЧ
1ouchingЧaЧcolh n, ЧtheЧcolhƂnЧolЧtheЧonlyЧsonЧolЧaЧwidow,ЧheЧcuresЧdeathЧ
itselſЧ 1hereЧ againЧ allЧ beginsЧ withЧ hsa·Ȫ//Θ ms·c,Θ _misé·ics·ds} .Θ āesusЧ isЧ
touchedЧtoЧtheЧheartЧbeloreЧheЧtouches.ЧŦ˓ŭndЧwhenЧ theЧLordЧsawЧher,ЧheЧ
hadЧcompassionЧonЧherЧ¸miss·ics·diaΘms/as Ŏss¸/agchnis/hë}Θ andЧsaidЧtoЧher,Ч
ŦDoЧ notЧweep. ' ЧAndЧheЧcameЧandЧtouchedЧtheЧbier,ЧandЧtheЧbearersЧstoodЧ
still.ЧAndЧheЧsaid,ЧŸ ĕoungЧmͯn,ЧlЧsayЧtoЧyou,Чarise. ' ЧAndЧtheЧdeadЧmanЧsatЧ
up,ЧandЧbeganЧtoЧspeak.ЧAndЧheЧgaveЧhimЧtoЧhisЧmother¨Ч,LukeЧ,. ĵ
Ƹ
ŖĵȶƱ ˤϞ
RestoringЧlile,Ч restoringЧorЧgivingЧspeechЧ inЧ touchingЧtheЧchild. Ч thoseЧ
areЧremindersЧthatЧtheseЧareЧhrst,ЧorЧlrequently,Ч childrenЧ ,vulnerͰble,ЧdisƝ
armed,Ч innocent,Ч andЧstillЧwithoutЧtrueЧspeech)Ч whomЧāesusЧ touchesЧ orЧ
whoЧareЧolleredЧtoЧāesus'sЧtouch.Ч¨NowЧtheyЧwereЧbringingЧevenЧinlantsЧtoЧ
himЧ thatЧheЧ mightЧ touchЧ them,Ч andЧwhenЧ theЧdisciplesЧ sawЧ it,Ч theyЧreķ
bukedЧthem.Ч ßutЧāesusЧcalledЧthemЧtoЧhim,Ч saying,Ч ˒ LetЧtheЧchildrenЧcomeЧ
toЧme,ЧandЧdoЧnotЧhinderЧthem,ЧlorЧtoЧsuchЧbelongsЧtheЧkingdomЧolЧGod.Ч
1ruly,Ч lЧsayЧtoЧyou,ЧwhoeverЧdoesЧnotЧreceiveЧtheЧkingdomЧolЧGodЧlikeЧaЧ
childЧ shallЧ notЧenterЧit¨Ч ,LukeЧĵǪ̑ Ϟĵ ȶŖĵ
ȸ
Ʊ Ə Ϟ
z . ЧNotЧonlyЧisЧ|esusЧtouching,ЧbeingЧtheЧ1oucher,Чh e ЧisЧalsoЧtheЧ1ouchedЧ
one,Ч andЧnotЧonlyЧh rstЧinЧtheЧsenseЧ thatЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧidentih edЧ ,thatЧis,Ч
touchedЧinЧhisЧheartЧbyЧheartlelt,ЧmercilulЧcompassion) .ЧheЧisЧthereЧasЧwellЧ
¸·Θ/hsΘ/saching,ΘheЧcanЧandЧmustЧbeЧtouched.Ч1hisЧisЧtheЧconditionЧlorЧsalķ
vation-soЧ asЧ toЧ beЧ saleЧ andЧ sound,Ч accedeЧ toЧ immunity,Ч /saching,Θ theЧ
1oucher,Ч Him. Ч OrЧbetterЧ yet,Ч touching,Ч withoutЧ touching,Ч thatЧ whichЧ
wouldЧcomeЧinЧcontactЧwithЧhisЧbody,Ч namely-likeЧaЧletish,ЧorЧtheЧoriginЧ
olЧletishism-hisЧ garment, Ч hisЧ cloak.Ч ltЧisЧ notЧ theЧ touchЧ thatЧ isЧ saving,Ч
then,ЧbutЧtheЧlaithЧthatЧthisЧtouchЧsignih esЧandЧattests.ЧŦ˟ndЧbesoughtЧhimЧ
thatЧ theyЧ mightЧ onlyЧ touchЧ theЧ lringeЧ olЧhisЧ garment,Ч andЧ asЧ manyЧasЧ
touchedЧitЧwereЧmadeЧwellЧ ɻsaleȲЧ _s/ΘqaicamqasΘ/s/igs·an/,Θsa/·iΘ¸c/iΘsan/ŎΘ
/aiΘsssiΘë¸san/sΘdissŐ/hësan} ŕΘ, Matt.Ч i|.Θ ;6ŋ . ЧlorЧheЧhadЧhealedЧ¨many,Ч soЧ
i ozЧ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
thatЧ allЧ whoЧ hadЧ diseasesЧ ptessedЧ uponЧ himЧ toЧ touchЧ him¨Ч ,MatkЧ Ĭ .Ч
io)Ч. . . . ЧȚŭndЧtheteЧwasЧaЧwomanЧwhoЧhadЧhadЧaЧhowЧofЧbloodЧfotЧtwelveЧ
yeatsЧ. . . . ЧSheЧhadЧheatdЧtheЧtepottsЧaboutЧ|esus,ЧandЧcameЧupЧbehindЧhimЧ
inЧtheЧctowdЧandЧtouchedЧhisЧgatment.ЧlotЧsheЧsaid,Ч lfЧlЧ touchЧevenЧhisЧ
gatments,ЧlЧshallЧbeЧmadeЧwellЧ¸saved¦ . Ɵ ЧAndЧimmediatelyЧtheЧhemotthageЧ
ceasedЧ. . . . Ч AndЧ|esus,Ч petceivingЧinЧhimselfЧthatЧpowetЧ _·i·/a/emΘǑΘdana-
min¦Θ hadЧgoneЧfotthЧftomЧhim,Ч immediatelyЧtutnedЧ aboutЧ inЧtheЧctowd,Ч
andЧ said,Ч WhoЧ touchedЧ myЧgatments:' Ч. . . Ч theЧwomanЧ. Ļ . ЧtoldЧhimЧ theЧ
wholeЧttuth.ЧAndЧheЧsaidЧtoЧhet,ЧŦ Daughtet,ЧyoutЧfaithЧhasЧmadeЧyouЧwellЧ
ȱsaved¦ . ' Ŋ Ч ShottlyЧ aftetwatd,Ч |esusЧ savesЧ aЧ littleЧ gitlЧ whoЧ hadЧ diedЧ andЧ
makesЧhetЧstandЧup,ЧholdingЧhetЧbyЧ¨theЧhand¨Ч,MatkЧ;.Чz;ǬĬ|, |i) .ƣƎЧȚŭndЧ
whetevetЧheЧcame,Ч inЧvillages,Ч cities,Ч otЧcountty,Ч theyЧlaidЧtheЧsickЧinЧtheЧ
matketЧplaces,ЧandЧbesoughtЧhimЧthatЧtheyЧmightЧtouchЧevenЧtheЧftingeЧofЧ
hisЧgatmentĮЧandЧasЧmanyЧasЧtouchedЧitЧweteЧmadeЧwell¨Ч,MatkЧ6. Ч;6) . ЧɕndЧ
allЧtheЧctowdЧ soughtЧ toЧ touchЧ him,ЧfotЧpowetЧcameЧfotthЧftomЧhimЧ andЧ
healedЧthemЧall¨Ч ,LukeЧ 6.Ч i,) ĔЧ
1heЧ faithlessЧlhatiseesЧthemselvesЧ tecognizeЧtheЧ powetЧ thatЧemanatesЧ
ftomЧthisЧ¨touch. ¨ЧlnЧtheЧovetwhelmingЧsceneЧthatЧtheЧsinnetЧMatyЧMag-
daleneЧopensЧupЧwhenЧ sheЧ bathesЧ|esus'sЧ feetЧwithЧhetЧ teats,Ч wipesЧ themЧ
withЧhetЧhait,ЧkissesЧthemЧotЧanointsЧthemЧwithЧpetfume,ЧtheЧlhatiseeЧhostЧ
declates.Ч ¨Ŧ lfЧthisЧ manЧweteЧaЧptophet,Ч heЧwouldЧ haveЧ knownЧwhoЧ andЧ
whatЧ sottЧ ofЧwomanЧ thisЧ isЧ whoЧ isЧ touchingЧhim,Ч fotЧ sheЧ isЧ aЧ sinnet. ' Ŋ Ч
,LukeЧ
/
.ΘĬ6Ğ;o) . ƣ ř Ч
l t ЧseemsЧthatЧtheseЧlitetalЧallusionsЧt oЧtouchingЧateЧtatetЧotЧevenЧabsentЧ
inЧtheЧGospelЧaccotdingЧtoЧ|ohn. ЧWhy:ЧOnЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧifЧoneЧmayЧsayЧ
so,Ч |esusЧ becomesЧ momentatilyЧ untouchableĮЧ andЧ|ohnЧ isЧ theЧ oneЧ whoЧ
givesЧaЧtepottЧofЧtheЧ¨1ouchЧmeЧnot¨Ч ,ns/iΘmeΘ/ange·eǑMëΘha¸/saΘmsa)Θ in-
tendedЧfotЧMatyЧMagdaleneЧatЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧsheЧisЧstillЧinЧteats,ЧnextЧ
toЧ theЧgtave,Ч andЧhasЧj ustЧ tecognizedЧ himЧ , ¨RabboniŁ ¨Ч ¨MastetŁ ¨) .Ч ¨DoЧ
notЧholdЧmeЧ ¸touchЧmeЧnotĂ ,''ЧfotЧlЧhaveЧ notЧyetЧascendedЧtoЧtheЧlathet,Ч
butЧgoЧtoЧmyЧbtethtenЧandЧsayЧtoЧthem,ЧlЧamЧascendingЧtoЧmyЧlathetЧandЧ
youtЧlathet,Ч toЧmyЧGodЧandЧyoutЧGod. ¨ЧlnЧtheЧeveningЧofЧthisЧsameЧday,Ч
whenЧ|esusЧhasЧ comeЧandЧ theЧ disciplesЧtejoiceЧuponЧseeingЧhim,Ч1homasЧ
DidymusЧisЧnotЧ amongЧthem.ЧAndЧsoЧheЧdoubtsЧtheitЧtestimony.Ч ¨ƻnlessЧ
lЧ seeЧinЧhisЧhandsЧtheЧptintЧofЧtheЧnails,Ч andЧplaceЧmyЧh ngetЧinЧtheЧmatkЧ
ofЧtheЧnails,ЧandЧplaceЧmyЧhandЧinЧhisЧside,ЧlЧwillЧnotЧbelieve. ¨ЧĀightЧdaysЧ
latetЧ|esusЧsaysЧtoЧ1homas.Ч ¨lutЧyoutЧhngetЧhete,Ч andЧ seeЧ myЧhandsĮЧandЧ
putЧ outЧyoutЧhand,Ч andЧplaceЧ itЧinЧmyЧside,Ч doЧ notЧbeЧfaithless,Ч butЧ be-

Iende·Θ ǂ oĬЧ
lieving.Ч1homasЧanswetedЧhim,Ч˔MyЧLotdЧandЧmyЧGodŁ 'Ч|esusЧ saidЧtoЧhim,Ч
HaveЧyouЧbelievedЧbecauseЧyouЧhaveЧseenЧme:Ч8lessedЧateЧthoseЧwhoЧhaveЧ
notЧ seenЧ andЧyetЧbelieve'ȓЧ ,|ohnЧzoǷ Чʞ6Ğz,) .'łЧ
C. Ч1heЧthitdЧtettospectionЧtutnsЧtoЧwhatЧseemsЧtoЧhappenЧinЧNancy'sЧ IheΘ
Ex¸e·ienceΘs¸ΘF·eedsmΘconcetningЧlimits˩ЧpteciselyŘtheЧ touchЧ andЧtouch-
ingЧofЧtheЧlimitŘandЧwhatЧcomesЧtoЧpassЧwhenЧoneЧhasЧtoЧ touchЧonЧtheЧ
untouchable.Ч1hisЧbookЧwasЧpublishedЧinЧζĘǪǪ, Ϟptecisely,Ч aġetЧNancyЧhadЧ
wotkedЧitЧout,ЧasЧaЧthesis,ЧinЧtheЧsameЧyeatsЧasЧ¨1heЧSublimeЧOffeting¨ЧandЧ
``AĕliniteЧ1hinking.¨'ƒЧlnЧit,ЧNancyЧmakesЧtheЧhguteЧofЧtouchЧapptoptiate,Ч
ifЧoneЧcanЧputЧitЧthatЧway,Ч toЧthisЧthingЧwithoutЧaЧthingЧthatЧaЧlimitЧis.ЧAndЧ
thisЧtouchingЧofЧtheЧlimitЧisЧtheЧvetyЧmomentЧitselfЧofЧtheЧdecision,ЧtheЧtutn,Ч
thatЧthisЧgteatЧbookЧ/a/es,Θ matks,Чtecalls,ЧandЧintetptetsЧinЧtheЧthinkingЧofЧ
fteedom.ЧSuchЧaЧdecisionЧisЧnotЧfotЧusЧtoЧmake.ЧHeteЧateЧtwoЧexamplesĤЧ
8utϞinϞlactϞitϞisϞnotϞweϞwboϞdecideϞwbetbetϞtbisϞwillϞbeϞtbeϞtaskϞolϞpbilosopby,Ϟ
evenϞ ilϞitϞisϞ necessatyϞlotϞ usϞ toϞ makeϞaϞdecision.Ϟ ltϞ isϞ notϞanϞ optionϞolletedϞtoϞ
outϞlteeϞwillϞanyϞmoteϞtbanϞpbilosopbizingϞlteedomϞasϞsucbϞotϞanyϞolϞitsϞ¨oti-
entations¨ϞwasϞevetϞaϞmattetϞolϞlteelyϞcboosingϞaϞīlteedomϞolϞtbougbt. ¨Ϟ
llϞpbilosopbyϞbasϞtoached˰the˰/imit˰¸myϞempbasisǘ|˥ D. Ć ϞolϞtbeϞontologyϞolϞ
subŧectivity,Ϟ tbisϞ isϞbecauseϞitϞbasϞ beenϞ ledϞtoϞtbisϞlimit. ˸̀Ϟ
NancyЧalmostЧlitetallyЧtepeatsЧthisЧfotmulaЧonЧtheЧnextЧpage,ЧandЧl' llЧciteЧ
it. Ч1heteЧisЧthus,Чappatently,ЧaЧ¸ga·eΘs¸Θ/sachΘthete,ЧfotЧphilosophy,Чlitetally,Ч
hasЧ nevetЧtouchedЧanything.ЧAboveЧall,Чnobody,Ч noЧ body,Ч noЧ bodyЧptopetЧ
hasЧevetЧtouchedŘwithЧaЧhandЧotЧthtoughЧskinЧ contact-somethingЧasЧ
absttactЧasЧaЧlimit.Ч lnvetsely,Ч howevet,Ч andЧthatЧisЧtheЧdestinyЧofЧthisЧhgu-
tality,Ч allЧoneЧevetЧdoesЧtouchЧisЧaЧlimit.Ч1oЧ touchЧisЧtoЧtouchЧaЧlimit,ЧaЧsut-
face,ЧaЧbotdet,Ч anЧoutline. ЧĀvenЧifЧoneЧtouchesЧanЧinside,Ч ¨inside¨ЧofЧany-
thingЧwhatsoevet,ЧoneЧdoesЧitЧfollowingЧtheЧpoint,ЧtheЧ lineЧ otЧsutface,ЧtheЧ
botdetlineЧofЧaЧspatialityЧexposedЧ toЧ theЧoutside,Ч offeted-pteciselyŘonЧ
itsЧtunningЧbotdet,ЧoffetedЧtoЧcontact.ЧlnЧaddition,ЧheteЧinЧtheЧcaseЧofЧthisЧ
hguteЧ ,¨philosophyЧhasЧ/sachedΘ/heΘ/imi/ΘofЧtheЧontologyЧofЧsubjectivity, ¨Ч
andЧsoЧfotth) ,ЧanothetЧneedЧcomesЧtoЧlightЧasЧfatЧasЧthăsЧhguteЧisЧconcetned,Ч
thtoughoutЧtheЧchainЧofЧaЧtematkableЧdemonsttationЧwhoseЧstagesЧlЧ can-
notЧ teconsttuctЧ hete.'ĭЧ1hisЧ sutface,Ч lineЧ otЧpoint,Ч thisЧ limit,Ч thetefote,Ч
whichЧphilosophyЧmightЧhaveЧ ¨touched¨ЧthisЧway,Ч hndsЧitselfЧtoЧbeЧatЧtheЧ
sameЧtimeЧtouʹhableЧandЧuntouchable.ЧitЧisЧasЧisЧevetyЧlimit,Чcettainly,Ч butЧ
alsoЧwellĺnighЧatЧandЧtoЧtheЧlimit,ЧandЧonЧtheЧexposed,ЧotЧexposing,ЧedgeЧofЧ
i ū|Θ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/herΘ
anЧ abyss,Ч aЧ nothing,Ч anЧ ¨unloundableƇЧ unlathomable,Ч seemingЧstillЧlessЧ
touchable,ЧstillЧmoteЧuntouchable,Ч ilЧthisЧweteЧpossible,ЧthanЧtheЧlimitЧit-
sellЧolЧitsЧexposition.Ч lhilosophyЧwillЧhaveЧ¨touchedƇЧ,itЧhasЧalreadyЧhapИ
pened,ЧNancyЧspeaksЧ olЧitЧasЧsomethingЧpast-whatЧanЧeventŁ)Ч uponЧtheЧ
untouchableЧtwice,ЧbothЧonЧtheЧlimitЧandЧonЧtheЧunloundableЧabyssЧopen-
ingЧbeneathЧ it,Ч beyondЧ it-undetЧ itsЧ skin, Ч asЧ itЧwete.Ч AndЧ becauseЧ thisЧ
touching,ЧthisЧcontact,ЧthisЧtactЧwillЧhaveЧƙ ustЧbeenЧableЧtoЧtouchЧonЧsome-
thingЧuntouchableЧ _deΘ/ēin/sacha//e¦Θ ,butЧitЧhasЧdoneЧthisŁЧAndЧthisЧeventЧ
wasЧaЧttansgtession-exceedinglyЧpassing,ЧpassingЧtheЧlimit) ,ЧliterallyЧtheteЧ
canЧonlyЧbeЧaЧ¸gareΘolЧtouch.Ч OneЧonlyЧtouchesЧbyЧwayЧolЧaЧhguteЧhete,ЧtheЧ
obƙect,ЧtheЧtouchableƟsЧ thing,ЧisЧtheЧuntouchable.Ч1heЧtouchableЧisЧwhatЧitЧ
isЧimpossibleЧtoЧtouchЧ,toЧattain,ЧtoЧtape,ЧtoЧviolateЧinЧitsЧinaccessibleЧimƝ
munity,Ч inЧ itsЧ soundness) .Ч 1heЧ ¨thingЧ itsellƇЧ givesЧ itsell,Ч opensЧ ,itsell) ,Ч
opensЧanЧopeningЧonlyЧ inЧ theЧhistotyЧolЧthisЧ hgute-someЧwouldЧ sayЧolЧ
thisЧhction. ЧHistoryЧolЧtheЧuntouchable,Чthetelote-olЧtheЧimmune,ЧtheЧ
sound,ЧtheЧsale. ЧSaveЧotЧsa̎e-/saching.Θ lsЧthisЧ¨goodЧnewsƇ:Ч
LetЧusЧ notЧlotgetЧ theЧ contextЧ andЧtheЧstakesЧ olЧtheЧ demonstrationЧ toЧ
whichЧlЧamЧrelettingЧhete.ЧitЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧlreedomЧandЧdecision,ЧnoЧless,Ч
lteedomЧtoЧthinkЧlreedom,ЧtoЧaЧ¨thinkingЧ. . . Ч lteeЧlotЧlreedomƇ.Ч
TbusϞpbilosopbyϞbasϞalwaysϞalteadyϞgivenϞitsellϞovetϞtoϞtbeϞtbinkingϞolϞwbatϞitϞ
canϞneitbetϞmastetϞnotϞexamine.ϞandϞtbisϞisϞalsoϞwbatϞweϞundetstand,Ϟsimply,Ϟ
byϞ¨beingĝltee. ŬϞWeϞateϞ tbeteloteϞnotϞlteeϞtoϞtbinkϞlteedomϞotϞnotϞtoϞtbinkϞit,Ϟ
butϞtbinkingϞ,tbatϞ is,ϞtbeϞbumanϞ being)Ϟ isϞlteeϞ¸r˰lteedom. ϞitϞ ŹtbinkingɏϞ isϞ
givenϞovetϞȻ/icrée¦˰ toϞandϞdelivetedϞ_dé/icrée¦˰ lotϞwbatϞltomϞtbeϞbeginningϞex-
ceededϞit,ϞouttanϞitϞ ¸decanɑe¦˰g andϞovetĒowedϞitϞ ŹɕɗɒĿŐɕɗcɏ .Ϟ 8utϞitϞisϞinϞtbisϞ
wayϞtbatϞtbinkingϞdehɨnitelyϞkeepsϞitsϞplaceϞinϞtbeϞwotldϞolϞoutϞmostϞconcteteϞ
andϞlivingϞtelations,ϞolϞoutϞmostϞutgentϞandϞsetiousϞdecisions.ȴƺϞ
ltЧisЧlotЧ/asΘreassnsΘthatЧlЧ quoteЧthisЧconclusionЧolЧtheЧchaptetЧinЧlull. Ч
i . ΘOneЧmayЧaskЧonesellЧwhatЧcouldЧƙ ustiƬЧthisЧparentheticalЧconcessionЧ
heteśЧ ¨ ,thatЧis,ЧtheЧhumanЧbeingЧ_/řhsmme,Θ i . e. , ЧmanĂ ) . ƇЧltЧdoesЧnotЧseemЧ
sustainableЧexceptЧwheteЧoneЧttanslersЧontoЧthisЧnameΘ´s¸)Θ manΘ, butЧwhyЧ
thisЧ name,Чthen:ЧOtЧwhyЧnot:Ч lnЧ bothЧcases,ЧitЧseemsЧarbittaryЧotЧmetelyЧ
ƙ ustihableЧthtoughЧ someЧ pedagogicalЧotЧstrategicЧcalculation)Ч theЧexcess,Ч
theЧovetHowing,ЧandЧsoЧlotth,ЧwhichЧwillЧcomeЧintoЧquestionЧimmediatelyЧ
altetwatd,ЧandЧthetebyЧoneЧadmitsЧthatЧoneЧptesentlyЧdoesЧnotЧknowЧwhatЧ
theЧtetmЧ¨manƇЧmeansЧtoЧsay,ЧilЧnotЧthisЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧexcessЧolЧallЧde-
Iende·Θ J O ]
tetmination,ЧincludingЧtheЧdetetminationЧoneЧbelievesЧ toЧbeЧtecognizableЧ
inЧtheЧtetmЧan/h·s¸ss.Θ
2. 1heЧexcessЧinЧquestionЧisЧindeedЧtheЧuntouchable's,ЧitЧisЧtheЧexcessЧofЧ
anЧinaccessibleЧbeyond,ЧbeyondЧaЧlimitЧitselfЧuntouchable,ЧalthoughЧ¨phiƝ
losophyЧhasЧtouched¨Чit.Ч1hisЧexcessЧwouldЧindeedЧbeЧtheЧotiginЧofЧtheЧhg-
utalЧh ctionЧofЧwhichЧweЧspeak.Ч/saching,Θ alwaysЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧhgute.Ч
1hus,Ч itЧisЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧfteedom,ЧthisЧnewЧthinkingЧofЧfteedom,ЧoneЧ
moteЧtime,Ч ftomЧoneЧpageЧtoЧtheЧnext,ЧthatЧNancyЧhasЧtecoutseЧtoЧtheЧhgĜ
uteЧofЧtouch,ЧofЧaЧphilosophyЧcapableЧofЧtouchingЧtheЧlimit,ЧandЧthisЧtimeЧ
touchingЧitЧinЧitselňЧwithinЧphilosophyЧandЧasЧphilosophy.Ч ¨1husЧphilosƝ
ophy,Ч asЧsoonЧasЧ itЧtouchesЧwithinЧitselfЧtheЧlimitЧofЧtheЧthoughtЧofЧfounĜ
dation,ЧotЧasЧsoonЧasЧitЧisЧcattiedЧbyЧwayЧofЧitselfЧtoЧtheЧunfoundableЧbotdetЧ
ofЧthisЧthought,ЧcanЧnoЧlongetЧteptesentЧitsЧownЧbeginningЧasЧtheЧotiginatyЧ
unityЧofЧaЧSubj ect-of-philosophyЧappeatingЧtoЧitselfЧinЧitsЧfteedom,ЧotЧofЧaЧ
Subject-of-fteedomЧappeatingЧtoЧitselfЧasЧphilosophy. ¨'
ƦЧ
LetЧusЧnowЧcomeЧ backЧtoЧ ¨1heЧ SublimeЧOffeting¨ЧandЧAΘFini/eΘIhin/-
in̠ΘLetЧusЧtutnЧtoЧtheЧpointЧwhete,Чagain,ЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧtheЧlimit,ЧNancyЧ
suggestsЧthenЧthatЧoneЧ ¨changeЧsense, ¨ΘnoЧless,ЧandЧ¨passЧftomЧsightЧtoЧtact¨,Ч
letЧusЧdoЧitЧwʎthoutЧteallyЧʓowingЧwhethetЧbyЧtactЧheЧintendsЧtoЧconveyЧtheЧ
tactileЧinЧgenetalЧotЧthisЧmannetЧofЧtouchingЧai/hsa/Θtouching,ЧchatactetisƝ
ticЧofЧaЧcettainЧpoliteness,ЧtheЧdisctetionЧofЧaЧcettainЧcontact,ЧthoughЧanЧintet-
tuptedЧcontact,Ч aЧsyncope.Ч1heЧ ttuthЧ isЧthatЧheЧdoesЧnotЧcontentЧhimselfЧ
withЧsuggestingЧthatЧoneЧchangeЧsenseЧandЧpassЧ ftomЧsightЧtoЧ tact,Ч heЧteƝ
mindsЧusЧthat,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧhim,Чi/ΘisΘnecessa·,ΘtoЧdoЧthis,ЧthatЧi/Θcanns/Θns/Θ
csmeΘa/sa/,ΘandЧthatЧthatЧisЧtheЧsa//ime.ΘlsЧtheteЧsomeЧsa//ime,ΘotЧsublimaƝ
tion, ЧwhetevetЧsomeЧuntouchableЧisЧannouncedЧinЧaЧtouch:ЧAndЧwhetevetЧ
touchingЧisЧhgutalized:ЧMaybeЧso.Ч¨ ¸1¦ heЧsingulatЧmodeЧofЧtheЧptesentationЧ
ofЧaЧlimitЧisЧ thatЧthisЧlimitЧmustЧbeЧteached,ЧmustЧcomeЧtoЧbeЧ/sached.Θ oneЧ
mustЧchangeЧsense,ЧpassЧftomЧsightЧtoЧtact.Ч1hisЧis,ЧinЧfact,ЧtheЧsenseЧofЧtheЧ
wotdЧsa//imi/Ǯ.ΘwhatЧstaysЧjustЧbelowЧtheЧlimit,ЧwhatЧtouchesЧtheЧlimitЧ,limitЧ
beingЧconceived,ЧinЧtetmsЧofЧheight,ЧasЧabsoluteЧheight) .Ч SublimeЧimaginaƝ
tionЧtouchesЧtheЧlimit,Ч andЧthisЧtouchЧletsЧitЧfeelЧ itsЧownЧpowetlessness. Ǣ' 'ǵЧ
lfЧitЧ¨feels¨Ч ¨itsЧownЧpowetlessness, ¨ЧthenЧ theЧimaginationЧ/sachesΘuponЧ
itsЧpowetlessness.Ч1heЧimaginationЧencountetsЧthatЧwhichЧitЧcanns/,ΘtheЧim-
possibleЧfotЧit,ЧitЧcomesЧintoЧcontactЧwithЧwhatЧtemainsЧimpossibleЧfotЧit.ЧltЧ
encountets,Чthetefote,ЧthatЧwhichЧitЧcanns/Θencountet,ЧitЧaccedes,ЧasЧsuch,Ч
toЧtheЧinaccessibleЧasЧsuch,ЧitЧattainsЧandЧteachesЧthete,ЧitЧfalls,Чupwatd,ЧandЧ
ĵ ƶǨϞ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/he·Θ
comesЧontoЧthatЧwhichЧitЧcannotЧtouch,ЧandЧthetebyЧitЧtouchesЧi/seĐΘasЧweЧ
shallЧsee,ЧitЧfeelsЧi/se¡, powetless)ЧtheteЧwheteЧ itЧtouchesЧ,tangentially)ЧwhatЧ
itЧcannotЧattainЧotЧtouchĤЧ theЧ pointЧotЧtheЧline,ЧtheЧHimsyǨЧ unsubstaǞtialЧ
/imi/,Θhete,Чthete,ЧwhithetЧandЧwhenceЧitЧcanЧnoЧlongetЧtouch.Ч1heЧimagi-
nationЧattainsЧaЧlimit,Ч teachesЧaЧshoteЧwhithetЧitЧcanЧcsmeΘsnqΘinΘns/Θcsmȶ
ingΘa/sa/.ΘŝtЧthusЧtendsЧtowatdЧthatЧwhichЧitЧcanЧonlyЧhsďΘsa/Θ/sΘi/se¡Θai/h-
sa/Θgi·ingΘi/se¡Θ/sΘ hsď,Θ andЧ stillЧwithoutЧ touching,Ч whetebyЧ itЧ becomesЧ
whatЧitЧisЧbyЧessence,Чimagination,ЧpossibilityЧofЧtheЧimpossible,ЧpossibilityЧ
withoutЧpowet,Ч possibilityЧauto-ahectingЧitsЧessenceЧofЧaЧnonessence.Ч ltЧisЧ
notЧwhatЧitЧis-theЧimagination.Ч ltЧisЧtouched,ЧinЧaЧmovementЧofЧwith-
dtawingЧotЧte˻tteatingЧtoЧtheЧfold,ЧatЧtheЧmomentЧitЧtouchesЧtheЧuntouch-
able.Ч1heЧimaginationЧconhnesЧwithoutЧconhningЧitselfЧtoЧitselŲЧ
lnЧwhatЧsenseЧandЧbyЧwhatЧtightЧcanЧoneЧsayЧthatЧitЧtouchesЧi/se¡ΘotЧthatЧ
itЧ¸e/sΘi/se¡Θtouch,Ч touched,Ч touching,Ч thatЧitЧfeelsЧ itselfЧbyЧtouchЧotЧbyЧ
touchingЧitself:Ч , NoteЧpatentheticallyЧthat,Ч concetningЧwhatЧ touchesЧ onЧ
theЧltenchЧlanguageЧ atЧleast,ЧwheteЧtheЧlattetЧtouchesЧ itselfЧclosestЧtoЧun-
ttanslatability,Ч ¨celaЧseЧtouche¨ЧcanЧmeanЧotЧbeЧundetstoodЧ·Ǝexi·eqΘasЧei-
thetЧ¨itЧi/se¡ΘtouchesЧi/se¡¨ΘotЧ¨sneΘtouchesЧit,ЧitЧletsЧitselfЧbeЧtouchedЧ¸ byЧ
somethingЧ otЧ someoneЧ else¦Ч withoutЧ necessatilyЧ touchingЧ i/seþ¨)Θ AndЧ
whatЧisЧtheЧphenomenological,ЧoǞtologicalЧstatus,ЧtheЧlogicalЧotЧthetoticalЧ
legitimacyЧofЧthatЧwhichЧweЧ cannotЧwithoutЧttepidationЧcallЧtheЧ¸ga·eΘofЧ
¨touch¨:ЧAndЧwhatЧifЧthisЧwotd,Ч touching,Ч ġeΘ /sache·,ΘthenЧbecameЧuselessЧ
andЧ uǞusable,Ч andЧ fellЧ intoЧ disuse,Ч inЧ advanceЧ im-¸e·/inen/,Θ andЧ atЧ theЧ
sameЧtimeЧcontingent,Чthetefote,ЧandЧnotЧpettinent-incapableЧofЧ¨touch-
ing¨ЧtheЧvetyЧthingЧitselfЧthatЧitЧcomesЧtoЧ¨touch¨ЧbyЧaccident,ЧwithoutЧanyЧ
necessityЧwhatsoevet,ЧsimplyЧthtoughЧcontiguity,Ч theЧvetyЧthingЧthatЧitЧpte-
tendsЧtoЧ aimЧat:ЧAndЧwhatЧifЧthisЧwotdЧdidЧǞotЧkeepЧanyЧvalue,ЧotЧsense,Ч
ptecisely,ЧanyЧ ¸as/ȏca/isn,ΘexceptЧwheteЧaЧss/eqΘontophenomenologicalЧsta-
tus-inЧanЧabsolutelyЧem¸i·ica/ΘfashionЧandЧ¨inЧoutЧeyes, ¨Чss/eqΘloadedЧwithЧ
vetbalЧ memotyЧ andЧlogico-thetoticalЧcultute-weteЧwhatЧteassutesЧ usЧ inЧ
theЧ conhdentЧaseΘofЧsuchЧaЧtetm:ЧAndЧsoЧitЧisЧoutЧvetyЧoldЧhabitЧinЧthisЧotЧ
thatЧhistoticalЧcultute,Ч¨atЧhome¨ЧinЧtheЧWest,ЧtoЧmakeЧuseЧofЧtheseЧtetmsЧ
,theЧ¨logic¨ЧandЧ¨atithmetic¨ЧofЧtheЧhveЧsenses,ЧandЧsoЧfotth)ЧsoЧasЧtoЧadƙ ustЧ
themЧ moteЧotЧlessЧwellЧ ,andЧoftenЧ notЧvetyЧwellЧ atЧ all,Ч asЧ weЧateЧexpeti-
encingЧitЧhete,ЧandЧthatЧisЧallЧofЧphilosophy)Ч toЧsuitЧsomeЧptetendedЧonto-
phenomenologicalЧevidenceЧiǞЧ¨outЧbody. ¨ЧĀmpiticalЧontophenomenologyЧ
¬ histoticalЧlegacyЧ¬ languageЧofЧaЧcultuteƧЧpethapsЧthisЧmakesЧaЧcommonЧ
habit,ЧaЧwayЧofЧbeingЧsocial,ЧaЧptaxis,ЧaЧptagmatics,ЧaЧconsciousness,ЧandЧsoЧ

Iende·Θ i oȦЧ
fotth.ЧßutЧhowЧi s ЧoneЧt oЧj ustiƖЧtheseЧ¨commodities¨Чi nЧviewЧofЧaЧscienceЧofЧ
theЧbodyЧsaidЧtoЧbeЧptopetЧandЧofЧinanimateЧbodies,ЧinЧviewЧofЧaЧphysio-
logyЧ, physics,Ч biology,Ч neutology,Ч andЧsoЧfotth)Ч thatЧwouldЧdemonsttateЧ
thatЧtheteЧisЧnothingЧthatЧoneЧcouldЧtigotouslyЧdehneЧasЧ ¨senses,¨ЧnothingЧ
thatЧallowsЧoneЧtoЧcountЧthemЧupЧtoЧhȋ ve,ЧandЧaboveЧallЧnotΡingЧthatЧletsЧ
oneЧtecognizeЧinЧthemЧeachЧtimeЧanЧ identityЧwithoutЧ contamination,Ч anЧ
identityЧsuchЧthatЧtheЧ¨ttadition¨ЧthusЧ undetЧsuspicion-evenЧwhenЧitЧad-
mitsЧ someЧ contamination,Чcoopetation, Чsubstitution,ЧandЧvicatiousnessƱ
keepsЧ ptesupposingЧ anЧ identityЧthusЧ contaminated,Ч temedied,Ч teplaced,Ч
andЧsoЧfotth:Ч
-AndЧinЧanЧasideЧyouЧtellЧyoutself.ЧwhatЧaЧfunny,Чadmiting,Ч andЧgtate-
fulЧ salutationЧyouǦteЧaddtessingЧtoЧhim, ЧtoЧ|ean-LucЧNancy.ЧWhatЧaЧpecu-
liatЧwayЧtoЧptetendЧyou'teЧtouchingЧhimЧwhileЧactingЧasΘĪΘftomЧnowЧonЧ
youЧwantedЧtoЧputЧhisЧlexiconЧaboutЧtouchЧoutЧofЧsetvice,ЧotЧevenЧbanishЧ
itЧtoЧ theЧIndexΘĭ/·s·amΘ¸·shi/i/s·am.Θ Ot,Ч asЧ ifЧyouЧstubbotnlyЧkeptЧte-
mindingЧusЧthatЧitЧshouldЧalwaysЧhaveЧbeenЧoutЧofЧsetviceЧalteady,ЧevenЧifЧ
weЧlikeЧthat-touching-pteciselyЧwhenЧit'sЧimpossibleĺptohibited,Ч andЧ
weЧ evenЧ loveЧ toЧ callЧ thisЧloving-abstaining.Ч LikeЧ theЧ messiah.Ч WhatЧ aЧ
funnyЧptesent,Чindeed'ЧWhatЧanЧoffetingʭЧAltogethetЧasЧ ifЧatЧtheЧmomentЧ
ofЧcallingЧothetsЧsoЧthatЧtheyЧwillЧbecomeЧecstaticЧbefoteЧthisЧgteatЧwotkЧ
andЧthisЧimmenseЧphilosophicЧtteatiseЧofЧtouch,ЧyouЧwhispetedЧinЧhisЧeat.Ч
¨Now,Ч |ean-Luc,Ч that'sЧquiteЧenough,ЧstopЧtouchingЧandЧtampetingЧwithЧ
thisЧwotd,Ч it'sЧ ptohibited,Ч youЧheat.ЧĕouЧhaveЧtoЧabstainЧftomЧthisЧtouch-
ing, 'Ч andЧonceЧandЧfotЧallЧstopЧusingЧthisЧ inctedibleЧvocabulaty,Ч thisЧcon-
ceptЧnothingЧcanЧteallyЧvouchЧfot,Ч theseЧhě gutesЧwithoutЧhguteЧandЧthete-
foteЧwithoutЧctedit.ЧAndЧbesides,ЧifЧlЧmayЧtemindЧyouЧofЧthisЧagain, Чhaven'tЧ
youЧyoutselfЧsaidЧ DžtheteЧ isЧnoЧ ¨the¨Ч senseЧofЧtouch' :Ч1hetefote,Ч don'tЧ keepЧ
ptetending,Ч don'tЧmakeЧ believe,Ч stopЧ actingЧasЧifЧyouЧwantedЧtoЧ makeЧusЧ
believeЧthatЧtheteЧisЧsomethingЧoneЧcouldЧcallЧ/heΘtouch,Ч anЧ undetstoodЧ
ŸthingЧitself'ЧaboutЧwhichЧweЧcouldЧptetendЧtoЧagtee,ЧtheteЧwhete,ЧinЧtouch-
ingЧuponЧtheЧuntouchable,ЧthisЧthingЧtemainsЧuntouchable.Ч ȫnowingЧyou,Ч
lЧdon'tЧthinkЧthisЧobjectionЧwillЧstopЧyou,ЧlЧtellЧmyselſЧNo,ЧyouЧj ustЧgoЧon, Ч
andЧsoЧdoЧl-thankfullyЧinЧyoutЧsteps. ¨Ч
¨SublimeЧimaginationЧ/sachesΘtheЧlimit, ƞЧheЧthusЧwtoteЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧhg-
ute,Ч andЧ lЧ amЧ addingЧtheЧ emphasis,Ч ¨andЧ thisЧ /sachΘletsЧ itЧfeelЧ Ÿ itsЧ ownЧ
powetlessness.Ч' Ŋ Ч
ĵ ƶ̄Ϟ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/heΘO/he·Θ
1heЧemphasisЧisЧmine,ЧofЧcoutse.Ч 8efoteЧquotingЧtheЧ nextЧfewЧ lines,Ч|etЧ
usЧalteadyЧandЧvetyЧtetselyЧpointЧtoЧthteeЧessentialЧindications.Ч
1. lnЧthisЧcontext,ЧtheЧ¨touch¨Ч isЧthatЧofЧtheЧimagination. ЧsensibleЧpte-
sentationЧotЧttanscendentalЧschema.Ч1heЧnondelimitableЧconceptЧofЧtouchЧ
isЧ thusЧ goi ngЧ toЧ takeЧ inЧ atЧ onceЧ allЧ thatЧ theseЧwotdsЧ comptehend-soЧ
manyЧhgutesЧandЧthingsЧatЧstake,ЧtheЧimpottanceЧofЧwhichЧitЧisЧimpossibleЧ
toЧexaggetate.Ч imagination, Чptesentation, Чsensibility,Ч passivityĘactivity,Ч in-
tetnalЧsenseЧĘЧextetnalЧsense,Ч timeĘspace,Ч in/ai/asΘde·i·a/as,Θ thusЧh nitude,Ч
¨hȾ niteЧthinking, ¨Чschematism,Чttanscendentality,Ч andЧsoЧfotth.Ч
2. 1oЧ feelЧitselfЧasЧtouchЧwillЧbeЧimmediatelyЧaЧ¨feelЧi/se¡¨Θ andЧthusЧaЧ
¨touchЧi/seþ¨ΘWeЧhaveЧnotЧhnishedЧexp|otingЧtheЧinh niteЧandЧpuzzlingЧte-
soutcesЧ ofЧthisЧ tehexivity.Ч AllЧ theЧ moteЧ soЧbecauseЧ inЧsa·Θgtammat,Ч asЧ lЧ
notedЧaЧmomentЧago,ЧseΘ/sache·ΘsttangelyЧfoldsЧotЧunfoldsЧitsЧteûđexivityЧac-
cotdingЧtoЧtheЧwotkingsЧ _engagemen/s}Θ ofЧtheЧsentence.Ч ȬikeЧs'a//end·e,Θ seΘ
/sache·ΘcanЧtutnЧtheЧsubjectЧtowatdЧitselfЧ,sŜƄ//end·eΘssiămcme,ΘtoЧexpectЧotЧ
waitЧfotЧoneself,ЧseΘ/sache·Θssi-mcme,ΘtoЧtouchЧoneself)ЧotЧtowatdЧtheЧothet,Ч
accotdingЧtoЧaЧteciptocityЧthatЧisЧeasietЧtoЧsayЧthanЧtoЧattainЧ,seΘ/sache·Ŕ
/ēanΘ/ɛƄa/·e,Θ /esΘansΘ/esΘaa/·esDžΘ twoЧtouchingЧeachЧothet˪Ч manyЧtouchingЧeachЧ
othet) .ЧseΘ/sache·Θ/si,Θ¨toЧself-touchЧyou, ¨ЧheЧwillЧsayЧinЧaЧpassageЧofЧCs·¸asΘ
ofЧwhichЧfotЧtheЧ momentЧlЧ shallЧdoЧnoЧmoteЧthanЧlightЧtheЧfuse. ЧAЧthingЧ
thatЧseΘ/sache,Θhowevet,ЧcanЧalsoЧquiteЧsimplyЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧthatЧitЧisЧtouch-
ab|e,Ч withoutЧevetЧɃžʚtouchingЧi/seŏɻΘwithoutЧtwoЧotЧmanyЧothetsЧ evetЧ
touchingЧoneЧanothetĥЧitЧcanЧmeanЧthatЧtheЧ thingЧisЧexposedЧ toЧtouch.Ч inЧ
thisЧwayЧ¨aЧthingЧseΘ/sache¨ΘsignihesЧ ¨oneЧ canЧ touchЧaЧthing, ¨Ч ¨oneЧfeelsЧaЧ
thingЧatЧaЧtouch¨ .Ч itЧisЧtangible.Ч
-lfЧlЧ askЧyouЧnow.ЧWhatЧdoesЧseΘ/sache·Θ/esΘ,eaxΘmean:ЧDoesЧitЧmeanЧ
¨toЧtouchЧ one'sЧownЧeyesЧwithЧone'sЧ ownЧ hȾngets¨:Ч1hat'sЧeasy.Ч 1oЧ touchЧ
,fotЧexample)ЧtheЧeyesЧofЧtheЧothetЧandЧteciptocally:Ч1hat'sЧnotЧimpossible.Ч
1oЧ touchЧtheЧeyesЧ ofЧtheЧothetЧwithЧ one'sЧ ownЧeyesЧ inЧ otdetЧ toЧseeЧwhileЧ
|osingЧone'sЧsightЧ_ƀΘ¸e·d·eΘ/aΘ·ae} ,ΘinЧaЧsottЧofЧteciptocityЧthatЧisЧappatent|yЧ
immediate:Ч1hat'sЧ difhų cultЧandЧ tateЧ butЧ notЧ atЧ allЧ impossible. ЧAndЧyouЧ
mayЧstillЧtemembetЧthatЧthat'sЧwheteЧweЧstattedЧftom. Ч
-AndЧtouchingЧone'sЧownЧheatt:ЧAsЧtheЧheatt-likeЧtheЧheatt-ofЧtheЧ
othet:Ч
-Let'sЧwait.Ч
IenderΘ I O¸
). AllЧolЧNanceanЧ thă nkingЧtegatdingЧtheЧs,ncs¸e,Θ setЧi nЧmotionЧmoteЧ
thanЧhlteenЧyeatsЧbelotehand,ƶƎЧhndsЧitsellЧtakenЧupЧagainЧhete-tetead,Ч
teinvested,Ч telaunched.Ч1heЧpassageЧweЧ ateЧteadingЧatЧtheЧmomentЧconȒ
cetnsЧtheЧ¨syncopatedЧimagination¨Ч insolatЧasЧitЧopensЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧ
theЧsublime.Ч1heЧlattetЧisЧalsoЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧbotdetЧandЧolЧovet-
ûʗowing,Ч theЧttemblingЧapptehensionЧolЧthatЧwhich,Ч /sachingΘonЧtheЧbot-
det,ЧatЧonceЧgoesЧovetboatdЧandЧtemainsЧatЧtheЧbotdet,Ч holdingЧoutЧandЧ
holdingЧ back,Ч tetainingЧitsellЧotЧabstaining,Ч onЧtheЧ botdet,Ч butЧ ctossingЧ
ovet,Ч then,Ч pethapsЧ i nЧ abstinenceЧ itsell,Ч andЧ pethapsЧ bettetЧ thanЧ evet.Ч
¨ ¸1¦ heЧentiteЧallaitЧolЧtheЧsublimeЧoccutsЧonЧtheЧedgesЧ olЧwotksЧolЧŦhneЧ
att, Ɵ ЧonЧtheitЧbotdets,Чltames,Ч otЧcontouts.Ч onЧtheЧbotdetЧolЧatt,ЧbutЧnotЧ
beyondЧatt. ¨ƶř Ч
OneЧolЧoutЧquestionsЧcouldЧtakeЧshapeЧhete.Ч ilЧtheĒeЧi sЧindeedЧaЧhguteЧ
olЧtheЧ limitЧasЧ botdet,Ч doesЧitЧhaveЧanЧessentiallyЧ/ac/i/eΘgenealogy,Ч tactileЧ
byЧptivilegeЧolЧbitth:ЧDoesЧitЧ¸gareΘitsellЧonЧtheЧbasisЧolЧtheЧptopetlyЧotЧlit-
etallyЧtangible:ЧCanЧoneЧevetЧspeakЧolЧaЧthing,Ч¹¡ thatЧisЧ¸rs¸erqΘtangible:Ч
lsn'tЧ thisЧ lattetЧ theЧ vetyЧ placeЧ olЧtheЧ itteducibleЧ contaminationЧ olЧtheЧ
ptopet,Ч olЧcontaminationЧi/seŏǃΘolЧcontactЧandЧcontagionЧandЧimputihšca-
tion:Ч1hisЧquestion,ЧoneЧsenses,ЧdoesЧnotЧpettainЧonlyЧtoЧitsell.ЧltЧisЧalteadyЧ
aЧdilhcultЧandЧsetiousЧone.Ч ßutЧitЧdoublesЧandЧimmediatelyЧptoliletatesЧitЙ
sell.ЧdoesЧoneЧhaveЧtheЧtight,ЧwithoutЧacceptingЧtooЧmanyЧptesuppositions,Ч
toЧwondetЧwhethetЧoneЧolЧtheЧsensesЧ ,hete,Чtouch)Ч is,ЧasЧ suchЧandЧsolely,Ч
moteЧ¸rs¸erΘ,asЧitЧhasЧ soЧ oltenЧ beenЧassetted,Ч ltomЧAtistotleЧ toЧ ßetkeleyЧ
andЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧtoЧHussetl) ,ЧmoteЧlitetallyЧengagedЧinЧtheЧconstitutionЧ
olЧanythingЧwhatsoevet,ЧheteЧinЧthatЧolЧaЧhguteЧthatЧwouldЧdependЧonЧitЧinЧ
aЧmoteЧnecessatyЧlashion:ЧAlsoЧopenedЧbyЧAtistotle,ЧwhenЧtheЧlattetЧwon-
detedЧwhethetЧtouchЧ ,ha¸hȈ,Θ contact,Ч whichЧ alsoЧ meansЧtact,Ч gtasp,Ч butЧ
likewiseЧtheЧplaceЧ olЧtheЧcontact,ЧlineЧolЧjoining,ЧblowЧotЧwound)ЧisЧsne,ΘaЧ
¨uniqueЧsense¨Ч ,miaΘais/hesis)Θ otЧplutalЧ ,¸/eisas) ,Θ thisЧ mattixЧolЧquestionsЧ
pettainsЧalsoЧtoЧ theЧconceptЧolЧ ¸gare,Θ olЧcoutse,ЧsinceЧinevitableЧhgutalityЧ
hasЧ toЧ doЧ pethapsЧ withЧ thisЧ intetnalЧ multiplicityЧ thatЧ dispetsesЧ theЧ so-
calledЧlitetalЧsignih cationЧolЧtouchЧotЧtheЧptopettyЧolЧtheЧtangible.ЧßutЧletЧ
usЧleaveЧallЧthatЧandЧgoЧonЧnowЧwithЧtheЧquotation.Ч
SublimeϞimaginationϞtoucbesϞtbeϞlimit,ϞandϞtbisϞtoucbϞletsϞitϞleelϞ¨itsϞownϞpow-
etlessness. ¨ϞllϞptesentationϞtakesϞplaceϞaboveϞallϞ inϞ tbeϞtealmϞolϞtbeϞsensibleā
toϞptesentϞisϞtoϞtendetϞsensibleĴsublimeϞimaginationϞisϞalwaysϞinvolvedϞinϞpte-
sentationϞ insolatϞasϞ tbisϞ imaginationϞ isϞsensible.Ϟ8utϞbeteϞsensibilityϞnoϞlongetϞ
r r ːΘ IhisΘIs-s¸/heΘO/he·Θ
comptisesϞtbeϞpetceptionϞolϞaϞ hguteϞ butϞ tatbetϞtbeϞ attivalϞ atϞtbeϞlimit.Ϟ MoteϞ
ptecisely,ϞsensibilityϞisϞbeteϞtoϞbeϞsituatedϞinϞtbeϞimagination'sϞsentiment˰olϞitsellϞ
wbenϞitϞtoucbesϞitsϞ limit.Ϟ TbeϞ imaginationϞ leelsϞ itsellϞpassingϞtoϞ tbeϞ limit.Ϟ ltϞ
leelsϞitsell,ϞandϞitϞbasϞtbeϞleelingϞolϞtbeϞsublimeϞinϞitsϞ¨ellott¨Ϟ ,Bestre/ang) ,˰im-
pulse,ϞotϞtension,ϞwbicbϞmakesϞitsellϞleltϞasϞsucbϞwbenϞtbeϞlimitϞisϞtoucbed,ϞinϞ
tbeϞsuspensionϞolϞtbeϞimpulse,ϞtbeϞbtokenϞtension,ϞtbeϞlaintingϞotϞladingϞolϞaϞ
syncopation.ʼnėϞ
WhatЧisЧheЧtellingЧus,Чi nЧaЧwotd:Ч
AЧtetm,Ч notion,Чconcept,ЧotЧhgute:ЧWhatЧdoesЧtheЧwotdЧŅņ·/Θ,Bes/·e-
/ang)Θ designate,ЧappeatingЧasЧ itЧ doesЧ inЧthisЧsingulatЧcontextЧ,ofЧ¨sublimeЧ
offeting¨) ,ЧwheteЧeffott,Чptecisely,Ч stallsЧinЧma/ingΘanΘŅņ·/·ΘAtЧtheЧpointЧ
wheteЧeffottЧmee/sΘtheЧlimitЧfotcingЧitЧtoЧexe·/Θi/se¡ΘinЧthisЧe̔·/·ΘWheteЧitЧ
touchesЧuponЧthisЧexettionЧitselfЧand,ЧftomЧthisЧtesistance,ЧcomesЧbackЧto-
watdЧit,ЧisЧfeltЧotЧfeelsЧi/se¡ΘatЧtheЧlimit,ЧisЧtouchedЧotЧtouchesЧi/se¡ΘatЧtheЧ
limit,ЧexhaustsЧi/se¡Θi nЧexettingЧi/se¡·ΘWhatЧisЧthisЧnecessatilyЧh niteЧexpe-
tienceЧofЧfotcefulЧexe·/isn· ΘAndЧisЧtheteЧevetЧanyЧencountetЧwithoutЧ it:Ч
AsЧfatЧ asЧtouchingЧisЧconcetned,Ч doesЧthisЧhniteЧ thinkingЧofЧtesistingЧef-
fottЧsubtettaneouslyЧmeet-withoutЧgettingЧmixedЧupЧotЧdissolvingЧinЧitĶ
withЧaЧmanifoldЧttadition,ЧatЧtheЧctosstoadsЧofЧhliationsЧotЧttendsЧbothЧhet-
etogeneousЧandЧafh ned,Ч ftomЧMaineЧdeЧ ßitanЧ ,theЧthinketЧofЧeffottЧandЧ
exettion,ЧasЧitЧwete)ЧtoЧMetleau-lonϷyЧotЧGillesЧDeleuze,ЧbyЧwayЧ,ofЧcoutse)Ч
ofЧHussetl'sЧIdeasΘII·Θ
LetЧusЧbeЧpatient,Ч touchЧ thingsЧup,Ч andЧttanslate,ЧifЧthisЧ isЧpossible.Ч

§ 6 ÍOthin_ tO !O in 5Í_ht.
¨Åhcrcs nO `thc scnsc OÌ tOUCh
Hc¡ tic·, 'tcchnë ' cr Bcd, Lcctcchnic·
. . suddcnly ß. `s hcart is in my Icart.
÷Ccorgcs ßataillc, quotcd in |can-Luc lancy,
Lctn_ 'tn_ular Ïlural
HeЧ isЧ speakingЧtoЧ usЧofЧanЧ expetience,ЧpethapsЧofЧexpetienceЧinЧ genetal,Ч
whichЧ consistsЧ inЧthis.Ч toЧfeelЧsnese¡Θ ¸e/ingΘsneɤΘse¡Θ/sach,Θ ofЧcoutse,ЧandЧ
thetefoteЧfeelingЧone'sЧ,masculineЧotЧfeminine)ЧselfЧtouchedЧ_/sachȍ´e)¦ .Θ , l Ч
amЧputtingЧtheЧ ¸femi nine¦Ч gendetЧinЧpatenthesesЧbecause,ЧasЧj ustЧnoted,Ч
itЧmayЧwellЧbeЧ theЧsublimeЧimaginationЧ ¸feminineЧ inЧltench¦Ч thatЧisЧ inЧ
question,ЧbutЧalsoЧinЧotdetЧtoЧannounceЧandЧtespectЧsexualЧdiffetences.Ч SeΘ
/sache·,Θ toЧ touchЧ ,oneself) , ЧisЧ toЧ touchЧuponЧallЧthatЧcanЧ beЧ ttanslated,ЧatЧ
leastЧmetonymically,ЧinЧseΘ/sache·ΘġeΘsexe,Θ thatЧis,ЧtoЧtouchЧone'sЧownЧotЧoneЧ
anothetǥsЧgenitals-andЧthetefoteЧallЧsexualЧdiffetences. )Ч
8utЧbyЧtheЧsameЧtoken,ЧexpetienceЧinЧgenetalЧwouldЧstattЧthete.ЧitЧwouldЧ
beginЧbyЧfeelingЧitselfЧtouchingЧaЧlimit,ЧfeelingЧtouchedЧbyЧaЧlimit,ЧandЧitsЧ
ownЧlimit. Ч
WhatЧisЧitЧtoЧtouchЧone'sЧownЧlimitЧthus:ЧltЧisЧƩsoЧnotЧtoЧtouch,Ч notЧtoЧ
touchЧoneselfЧenough,ЧtoЧtouchЧoneselfЧtooЧmuch. ЧimpossibleЧsublimityЧofЧ
tact,ЧtheЧdiabolicalЧmachinationЧofЧloveЧwhenЧitЧdictatesЧinhniteЧtenuncia-
tion. ЧltЧisЧtoЧloseЧtheЧptopetЧatЧtheЧ momentЧofЧtouchingЧuponЧ it,ЧandЧitЧisЧ
thisЧintettuption,ЧwhichЧconstitutesЧtheЧtouchЧofЧtheЧseþ/saching,ΘtouchЧasЧ
seþ/saching,Θ thatЧNancyЧcallsЧs,ncs¸e.ΘWhenЧheЧwasЧwtitingЧaboutЧtheЧsyn-
cope,Ч withoutЧspeakingЧvetyЧmuchЧotЧevenЧatЧall,Чpethaps,Ч aboutЧtouch,ЧheЧ
wasЧalteadyЧspeakingЧaboutЧitĮЧandЧthisЧcouldЧpointЧtoЧaЧgoodЧwayЧofЧconȒ
sequentlyЧteteadingЧevetything-ofЧteteadingЧhim,ЧNancy,Ч butЧtheЧwholeЧ
philosophicalЧ ttadɁtionЧ asЧwell.Ч ŝ 'llЧttyЧlatetЧtoЧshowЧthatЧtheЧmotifЧofЧtheЧ
syncope,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧaЧcettainЧintettuptionЧinЧcontact,ЧwillЧsignЧallЧtheЧ
intettuptions,Чptecisely,Ч betweenЧtheЧmostЧpowetfulЧttaditionsЧofЧthinkingЧ
aboutЧtouch,ЧonЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧandЧNancyǦsЧthinkingЧonЧtheЧothet.Ч1heseЧ
JJJ
r r zΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /heΘO/herΘ
intettuptionsЧwillЧ notЧalwaysЧbeЧobviousЧandЧeasilyЧaccessible.ЧWeЧ shallЧap-
plyЧoutselvesЧtoЧanalyzingЧthem,ЧatЧtheЧpointЧthatЧisЧneatestЧotЧmostЧ¨ptox-
imate¨ЧtoЧtheЧfotmetЧandЧtheЧlattetǨЧandЧthatЧisЧwheteЧtheЧ¨logʎc¨ЧofЧtheЧsyn-
copeЧwillЧplay aЧdetetminingЧpatt,Ч undetЧthisЧnameЧotЧanothet.Ч
llЧtactЧ andЧ theЧ catessЧ cannotЧbeЧgivenЧ theitЧ measuteЧ otЧ theitЧ lawЧ inЧ aЧ
¨moteЧotЧless¨Ч olЧtouch,ЧthenЧpethapsЧtheyЧhaveЧnothingЧtoЧdoЧ¸rienΘù·sir}Θ
withЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧtouchingЧandЧallЧtheЧhgutesЧthatЧitЧhasЧptocutedЧlotЧ
us.Ч OneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧteviewЧevetythingЧinЧ thisЧ lexiconЧandЧthisЧ thetoticЧ
andЧtakeЧinh niteЧptecautionsЧbefoteЧtouchingЧonЧthem.ЧlotЧexample,ЧwhatЧ
isЧoneЧsayingЧwhenЧoneЧptoposesЧ ¸inЧ ltench¦Ч toЧ/sacherΘanΘms/Θ¸litetallyЧ
¨toЧtouchЧaЧwotd,¨ЧcolloquiallyЧtoЧhaveЧaЧwotdЧwith,ЧtoЧmention¦ :ЧWhatЧisЧ
oneЧ doingЧ then:ЧWhatЧisЧ oneЧ intentЧonЧ doingЧ byЧ¨havingЧaЧ wotd¨Ч andЧ
touchingЧone'sЧ ftiendЧwithЧ it,Ч lotЧexampleЧonЧ theЧsubjectЧofЧthisЧotЧthat,Ч
whichЧmightЧbeЧtouch,Ч touchingЧhimЧotЧhet,Ч otЧquiteЧsimplyЧaЧwotd,Ч butЧ
lotЧ exampleЧ theЧwotdЧ ¨touching¨ :Ч1oЧ ftiendsЧweЧ speakЧandЧ inЧthemЧweЧ
conhų de-btiehy,Ч elliptically,Чclosely-soЧasЧ toЧinlotmЧthem,ЧnoЧdoubt,Ч toЧ
haveЧaЧwotdЧ withЧ themЧ andЧ ¨touchЧ onЧ it¨,Ч olten,Ч howevet,Ч i nЧotdetЧ toЧ
watnЧthem,ЧtoЧ putЧthemЧonЧtheitЧguatd,ЧalettЧthemЧ,¨GetЧinЧtouchЧwithЧ
him:Ч OhЧyes.Чl ' llЧhaveЧaЧwotdЧwithЧhimЧandЧtouchЧonЧthis,Ч shouldЧtheЧop-
pottunityЧatise,ЧtoЧhndЧoutЧwhatЧheЧthinksЧofЧthis,ЧandЧbyЧtheЧsameЧtokenЧ
l' llЧ tellЧhim,Ч i nЧaЧwotd,Ч howЧlЧ seeЧtheЧmattetЧatЧhand-lЧmysell,Ч soЧasЧ toЧ
avoidЧsayingЧfoolishЧthings,ЧandЧalso,ЧasЧaЧtemindet,ЧtoЧtecallЧaЧlittleЧofЧthisЧ
enotmousЧmemoty,Ч theЧstuhedЧbellyЧolЧaЧlibtatyЧolЧtouch. ¨) .ЧHowЧisЧoneЧtoЧ
haveЧaЧwotdЧandЧtouchЧonЧ it:ЧAndЧletЧoneselfЧbeЧ touchedЧbyЧit:ЧAЧvisible,Ч
audible,ЧteadableЧwotd:ЧWeЧ haveЧlongЧbeenЧsttugglingЧbetweenЧtheЧtactileЧ
andЧvision, ЧtheЧeyeЧthatЧdoesЧnotЧtouchЧandЧtheЧeyeЧthatЧtouches,ЧlikeЧaЧhn-
getЧotЧlips.ЧltЧisЧaboutЧtimeЧtoЧspeakЧolЧtheЧvoiceЧthatЧtouches-alwaysЧatЧ
aЧdistance,Чl ikeЧtheЧeye-andЧtheЧtelephonicЧcatess,Ч ifЧnotЧtheЧ,sttiking)Ч
phoneЧcall.Ч
, lmagine.Ч lovetsЧsepatatedЧfotЧlile. ЧWhetevetЧtheyЧmayЧhndЧthemselvesЧ
andЧeachЧothet.Ч OnЧtheЧphone,ЧthtoughЧtheitЧvoicesЧandЧtheitЧinhection, Ч
timbte,ЧandЧaccent,ЧthtoughЧelevationsЧandЧintettuptionsЧinЧtheЧbteathing,Ч
actossЧmomentsЧolЧsilence,ЧtheyЧlostetЧallЧtheЧdihetencesЧnecessatyЧtoЧatouseЧ
aЧsight,Чtouch,ЧandЧevenЧsmell-soЧmanyЧcatesses,ЧtoЧteachЧtheЧecstaticЧcli-
maxЧltomЧwhichЧtheyЧateЧloteveĒЧweaned-butЧateЧnevetЧdeptived.Ч1heyЧ
knowЧthatЧtheyЧwillЧnevetЧhndЧecstasyЧagain,Чevet-othetЧthanЧactossЧtheЧ
cotdlessЧ cotdЧofЧtheseЧ entwinedЧvoices.Ч AЧttagedy.Ч ßutЧ intettwined,Ч theyЧ
alsoЧknowЧthemselves,ЧatЧtimesЧonlyЧthtoughЧtheЧmemotyЧtheyЧkeepЧolЧit,Ч
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ r r

thtoughЧ theЧspecttalЧphantasmЧofЧecstaticЧpleasute-withoutЧtheЧpossibilƜ
ityЧofЧwhich,ЧtheyЧknowЧthisЧtoo,ЧpleasuteЧwouldЧnevetЧbeЧptomised.Ч1heyЧ
haveЧfaithЧinЧtheЧtelephonicЧmemotyЧofЧaЧtouch.ЧlhantasmЧgtatihesЧthem.Ч
Almost-eachЧinЧmonadicЧinsulatity.Ч EvenЧifЧtheЧshoteЧofЧaЧ¨phantasm, ¨Ч
ptecisely,Ч seemsЧ toЧhaveЧ moteЧ afh nityЧwithЧ¸hainss/hai,Θ thatЧ is, ЧwithЧ theЧ
semblanceЧotЧshineЧofЧtheЧvisible.)Ч
lotЧatЧtheЧheattЧofЧallЧtheЧdebatesЧtegatdingЧtheЧ¨bodyЧptopet¨Ч otЧtheЧ
¨ûϖesh¨-ongoingЧdebatesЧasЧwellЧasЧ thoseЧthatЧlieЧinЧwaitЧfotЧ us-atЧ theЧ
heattЧofЧtheЧsyncope,ЧbetweenЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧuntouchableЧ,anЧabsoluteЧ
untouchableЧthatЧisЧuntouchableЧnotЧbecauseЧitЧisЧofЧtheЧotdetЧofЧsightЧotЧ
heating,ЧotЧanyЧothetЧsense,ЧbutЧuntouchableЧinЧtheЧotdetЧofЧtouching,Чun-
touchableЧtouchable,ЧuntouchableЧtightЧatЧ¸ ɾЧmcmsźΘtheЧtouchable) ,ЧtheteЧ
isЧtheЧotiginatyЧinttusion,ЧtheЧagelessЧinttusionЧofЧtechnics,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧ
ofЧttansplantationЧotЧptosthetics.ЧAndЧonЧtheЧgtoundlessЧ gtoundЧ ofЧthisЧ
agelessЧotiginatity,ЧwhatЧweЧhaveЧbeenЧspeakingЧaboutЧsinceЧtheЧbeginning,Ч
isЧ theЧhistotyЧofЧeventsЧandЧtheitЧcaesutas,ЧtheЧstotyЧofЧittuptions,Чmuta-
tionsЧwithoutЧ measuteЧ andЧwithoutЧ commonЧ measuĒe,Ч theЧ stotyЧofЧin-
commensutableЧsingulatities.Ч ßutЧnevetЧagainЧwillЧtheЧsaidЧ¨technical¨Чin-
ttusionЧ ofЧtheЧ othet,Ч theЧ ecotechnicsЧ ofЧothetЧ bodiesЧ letЧthemselvesЧ beЧ
teduced.Ч
AndЧwhatЧisЧoneЧdoingЧwhen,Ч toЧhaveЧ,andЧtouch)Ч Ü wotdЧwithЧhimЧotЧ
het,ЧoneЧisЧlaughingЧwithЧaЧftiend:Ч͞enЧitЧisЧnotЧLaughtetЧthatЧoneЧshatesЧ
withЧhimЧ otЧhetЧbutЧaЧsingulatЧbutstЧofЧlaughtet:ЧNow,ЧwhatЧtelationЧ canЧ
thisЧ sttangeЧ questionЧhaveЧwithЧ theЧ onesЧ thatЧ haveЧ keptЧusЧoccupiedЧfotЧ
someЧtime-havingЧtoЧdoЧwithЧtouching,Чlimits,ЧandЧsyncope:ЧltЧisЧbyЧwayЧ
ofЧtheseЧ questionsЧ ,thatЧ NancyЧ isЧ neithetЧaskingЧasЧ suchЧ notЧ undetЧthisЧ
guise,Ч butЧ toЧwhichЧheЧdoesЧ notЧfailЧtoЧ btingЧaЧsottЧofЧanswet)Ч thatЧ lЧ at-
temptЧtoЧptepateЧaЧsottЧofЧsuitableЧlodgingЧtoЧaccommodateЧtheЧteadingЧofЧ
aЧcettainЧpassage-oneЧpageЧonly,ЧinЧ¨Laughtet,Чltesence. ¨ЧūЧ lnЧtheЧnameЧofЧ
touch,ЧofЧcoutse.ЧltЧisЧaЧpageЧatoundЧwhatЧNancyЧannounces,ЧaġetЧopeningЧ
aЧpatenthesis,ЧasЧtheЧneedЧfotЧaЧ¨vetyЧlongЧdetout¨.Ч ,¨NoЧdoubtЧȱheЧsaysĶ
ͨ.Ч D. ¦ ,Ч aЧvetyЧlongЧdetoutЧshouldЧbeЧmadeЧhete¨) . ' Чĕes,ЧweЧ shallЧ needЧ toЧ
takeЧaЧvetyЧlongЧdetoutЧhete.Ч
Laughtet,Ч especiallyЧaЧ pealЧ otЧbutstЧ ofЧlaughtet,Ч isЧ likeЧ aЧ syncope. Ч OfЧ
coutse,Ч evenЧ ifЧitЧshakesЧ upЧ theЧ wholeЧ body,Ч laughtetЧisЧ aЧ thingЧofЧthisЧ
mouth-andЧtheЧopenЧ mouth,ЧtowatdЧwhichЧtheЧquestionЧ ofЧtouchЧandЧ
self-touchЧincessantlyЧleadsЧusЧback.Ч1heЧmouthЧtouches,ЧtouchesЧitself,ЧisЧ
touched,ЧnotЧonlyЧbecauseЧtheЧlipsЧtouch,ЧandЧnotЧonlyЧbecauseЧoneЧwouldЧ
ǟ r|Θ IhisΘIs-s¸/heΘO/herΘ
notЧspeak-toЧhaveЧaЧwotdЧwithЧaЧftiend,ЧfotЧexample,ЧtoЧtouchЧonЧaЧmat-
tetЧwithЧhimЧotЧhet-ifЧthisЧauto-affectionЧofЧaЧmouth,ЧthisЧcontactЧintet-
ƅuptedЧandЧtepeatedЧbetweenЧtheЧlips, ЧtheЧtongue,ЧtheЧpa|ate,ЧandЧsoЧfotth,Ч
didЧ notЧimpattЧspeech.Ч
WeЧ mustЧhaveЧaЧ mouthЧ fotЧ laughsЧ andЧ fotЧ laughing.Ч Sutely,Ч weЧ canЧ
laughЧwithЧoutЧeyes,ЧbutЧitЧisЧdiʅcultЧ,evenЧifЧitЧisЧnotЧimpossible)ЧtoЧimag-
ineЧaЧlivingЧbeingЧlaughingЧwithoutЧsomethingЧlikeЧanЧopeningЧothetЧthanЧ
theЧeyesũЧ1heЧopeningЧinЧquestionЧmayЧbeЧptesentlyЧvisibleЧandЧsignihcantЧ
inЧtheЧbutstЧofЧlaughtet,Ч otЧitЧmayЧnot,ЧitЧisЧindispensable.Ч lotЧlaughtetЧasЧ
fotЧsoЧmanyЧothetЧthings,ЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧopeningЧisЧneeded.Ч
1hatЧisЧalsoЧwhyЧ¨Laughtet,Чltesence¨ЧletsЧusЧteadЧ¨theЧlaughtetЧofЧaЧwideЧ
mouth,ЧtedЧandЧwhiteЧandЧallutingЧ. . . Ч ¨ЧinЧChatlesЧ8audelaite'sЧ¨1heЧDe-
siteЧtoЧlaint. ¨ЧNow,Ч thisЧsyncopatedЧbeatЧallЧatЧonceЧscansЧaЧlimit,Ч anЧen-
dutanceЧofЧtheЧlimit,ЧandΘanЧexpetienceЧofЧ/ac/,ΘofЧtouchingЧwithoutЧtouch-
ingЧasЧ ¨att¨Ч-notЧattЧinЧitsЧmanifestЧessence,Ч inЧitsЧptesence,ЧbutЧpteciselyЧ
inЧtheЧmultipleЧbutstingЧofЧsingulatities.Ч1houghЧlaughtetЧmayЧbeЧ¨theЧsub-
stance,¨ЧotЧevenЧtheЧ¨subject¨ЧofЧatt,ЧitЧalsoЧmakesЧtheЧessenceЧofЧatt,ЧandЧofЧ
eachЧofЧtheЧatts,Чdisappeat.Ч1hisЧtime,ЧNancyЧputsЧtheЧ¨asϗlike¨Ч _csmmeǭŔ
whichЧgenetallyЧannouncesЧtheЧptesentationЧofЧanЧessenceЧandЧanЧ¨asЧsuch¨Ч
-atЧtheЧseƅviceЧofЧaЧbuƅstingЧdiffƅaction,Чexplosion,Чdispeƅsion,ЧandЧdisapȑ
peating.Ч 8utЧletЧusЧ notЧfotgetЧthatЧheЧalsoЧspeaks,ЧandЧj ustlyЧso,ЧwithЧthisЧ
senseЧofЧj usticeЧthatЧtespectsЧabsoluteЧsingulatity,Ч withЧaЧviewЧtoЧkeepingЧinЧ
sightЧ/hisΘtextЧbyЧ8audelaite,ЧsolelyЧthisЧone,ЧtathetЧthanЧanyЧothet.Ч
LaugbtetϞofϞinh niteϞmockety,Ϟ ofϞdetision,ϞandϞitony.ϞtbeϞsubǼectϞofϞattϞseesϞit-
selfϞtbeteϞaswbatϞbutsts,Ϟexplodes,ϞisϞconsumed,ϞandϞdisappeats.Ϟ8utϞalso,ϞtbeϞ
laugbtetϞandϞsmileϞofϞanϞ¨inexptessibleϞgtace, ¨ϞofϞtbeϞgtaceϞwitbϞwbicbϞ¨att¨Ϟ
slipsϞaway,Ϟ andϞeacbϞattϞ disappeatsϞ intoϞ anotbetϞ onlyϞtoϞ bloomϞ tbeteϞagain,Ϟ aϞ
supetbϞûowetϞbuǃϞimpossibleϞtoϞtecognize,ϞtoϞtelateϞtoϞitsϞmodelĴonϞtbeϞvol-
canicϞsoilϞwbeteϞtbeteϞisϞnevetϞanytbingϞ/ike˰att,ϞwbeteϞallϞessenceϞisϞpettihed.ʼnϞ
NancyЧdtawsЧtheЧconsequencesЧofЧthisЧbutstingЧofЧtheЧlaughЧandЧisЧte-
spectfulЧofЧtheseЧmultiplicities,ЧwhichЧphilosophy,ЧtheЧphilosophyЧofЧattЧinЧ
patticulaƅ,ЧalwaysЧseeksЧtoЧ¨sublate,ЧotЧtoЧsublimate.¨ЧHeЧthusЧwotksЧoutЧtheЧ
logicЧofЧtheseЧmultipleЧsingulatities,ЧwhichЧateЧasЧ manyЧinstancesЧofЧ¨com-
ing¨ЧintoЧptesenceЧwithoutЧptesenceЧevetЧptesentingЧitselfЧasЧ theЧessenceЧofЧ
theЧptesence.Ч ¨MultipleЧsingulaƅities¨ǷЧ andЧsoЧoneЧcanЧteadЧtheseЧpagesЧ inЧ
|neΘ¸enséeΘȑnieΘinЧi,,oЧ ¸andЧIheΘBir/hΘ/sΘPresenceΘinЧƸ,,̗-1ƅans. ȳ .ЧĕeaƅsЧ
latet,ЧheЧwillЧspeakЧofЧ/eingΘsinga/rΘ¸/araƜΘDzЧ
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘǤigh/Θ I 1 ]
HereЧŝЧwouldЧlikeЧparentheticallyЧtoЧmentionЧoneЧofЧtheЧnumerousЧconȒ
ttetempsЧwithЧwhichЧtheЧ encounterЧotЧcrossbteedingЧolЧoutЧtexts,ЧyeatsЧ
apatt,Ч appointsЧ ,andЧ thwarts)Ч someЧanachronisticЧ rendezvousЧ lorЧ us.Ч ŝnЧ
Nancy'sЧ i,,6ЧbookЧ
ʺ
/·eΘsinga/ie·Θ¸/a·ie/Θ¸BeingΘǤinga/a·ΘP/a·a/} ,ΘweЧcanЧ
lollowЧ moteЧ thanЧ evetǩЧ moteЧ stronglyЧ acknowledgedЧ thanЧ ever,Ч theЧ in-
j unctionsЧandЧevenЧaЧ¨logic¨ЧolЧtouch.Ч1ouchingЧisЧtheЧveryЧexpetienceЧolЧ
¨otigin¨Ч asЧ ¨pluralЧ singulatity. ¨Ч 1heЧpluralЧsingulat,Ч otiginatily,Ч isЧ whatЧ
hndsЧitsellЧgivenЧtoЧtouch.Ч1heЧotiginЧ couldЧbeЧtouched,ЧotЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧ
be,Ч as-andЧlikeŧtouchingЧitsellЧasЧ seƟtouching.Ϟ 1oЧ seƟtoIJĎbΘsnese͈ʮΘ
,seƟ)toIJĎbΘsneΘans/he·Θ,amongЧtwoЧ orЧmany) .ЧseΘ/sache·,Θ inЧgoodЧlrench,Ч
canЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧallЧthat.Ч toЧ ,sellč)touchЧonesell,Ч toЧbeЧinЧtouch,ЧtoЧtouchЧ
eachЧ othetЧ,leminineЧotЧmasculine,Ч amongЧtwoЧotЧmany) .Ч lrenchЧgtam-
matЧtoletatesЧreHexivenessЧasЧmuchЧasЧûʘexingЧirreHexiveness,ЧinЧtheЧsingu-
latЧasЧinЧtheЧpluralĥЧ andЧthisЧisЧbeginningЧtoЧlookЧlikeЧtheЧttueЧsubjectЧolЧ
thisЧbook. ЧMoreovet,Ч lortuitouslyЧotЧnot-we'llЧgetЧthete-thereЧisЧalsoЧaЧ
ltenchЧ ttadition-anЧ originalЧ one-olЧaЧ cettainЧ ptoblematicЧ olЧtouch.Ч
ŝnЧ anyЧcase,Ч NancyЧ insistsЧ onЧ thisЧ plutalЧsingulatityЧatЧtheЧmomentЧolЧ
touching.Ч
ToϞ baveϞtbeϞgoalϞinϞsigbtȘϞallϞbutϞ¨toucbƣngϞbome, ¨ϞisϞagainϞtoϞtiskϞmissingϞit.Ϟ
8utϞtbeϞotiginϞ isϞ notϞaϞgoal.ϞTbeϞ Lnd,Ϟ likeϞ tbeϞ ltinciple,Ϟ isϞ aϞ lotmϞ olϞtbeϞ
Otbet.ϞToϞ toucbϞuponϞtbeϞotiginϞisϞnotϞtoϞ missϞ it.Ϟ itϞisϞptopetlyϞtoϞbeϞexposedϞ
toϞ it.Ϟ SinceϞtbeϞotiginϞisϞnotϞanotbetϞtbingϞ,anϞa/iad) , ˰itϞisϞneitbetϞ¨missable¨Ϟ
notϞapptoptiableϞ,penettable,Ϟabsotbable) .ϞltϞdoesϞnotϞobeyϞtbisϞlogic.ϞltϞisϞtbeϞ
plutalϞsingulatityϞolϞtbeϞ8eingϞolϞbeings.ϞWeϞ toucbϞonϞitϞǃoϞtbeϞextentϞtbatϞweϞ
ateϞ inϞ toucbϞ witbϞ oarse/ces˰ andϞ inϞ toucbϞ witbϞ tbeϞ testϞ olϞbeings.ϞWeϞateϞ inϞ
toucbϞwitbϞoutselvesϞandϞeacbϞ otbetϞ ¸noas˰ noas˰toachonˉ}˰ insolatϞasϞweϞ exist.Ϟ
8eingϞinϞtoucbϞisϞwbatϞmakesϞusϞ¨us, ¨ϞandϞtbeteϞisϞnoϞothetϞsectetϞtoϞdiscovetϞ
otϞbutyϞbebindϞ tbisϞ toucbingϞitselƾˀϞ bebƣndϞ tbeϞ¨witb¨ϞolϞcoexistence.Ϟ ,Being˰
Singa/ar˰P/aŌƽ˰ p.Ϟ r,, ttanslationϞmodihed.ǘTtans. )Ϟ
OnЧtheЧlollowingЧpage,ЧweЧgoЧltomЧtheЧverbЧ/sacheΘtoЧtheЧhomonymousЧ
nounЧ/aΘ /sache,Θ ¨theЧtouch¨.Ч ¨ŝsЧthisЧnotЧwhatЧintetestsЧusЧorЧtouchesЧusЧinЧ
ŷ litetature'Ч andЧinЧtheЧarts' :Ч. . . Ч WʋatЧcountsЧ. . . Ч isЧaccessЧtoЧtheЧoriginЧsetЧ
apartЧ¸éca·/ée} ,ΘinЧitsЧveryЧdistancingЧitsellЧ¸΂a·/Θmcme} ʭΘitЧisЧtheЧpluralЧtouchЧ
uponЧ theЧ singularЧotigin¨Ч , ŝbid. , Чp. Ч r|ǛΘ modihed.-1Ēans. ) .Ч ŝnЧ thisЧway,Ч
touchingЧwouldЧbe-withinЧ8eing,ЧasЧ8eing,ЧasЧtheЧ8eingЧolЧbeingsŧcsn-
/ac/ΘolЧtheЧai/hΘ,camΘorЧcs-)ΘwithЧonesellЧasЧwellЧasЧwithЧtheЧothet,ЧtheЧai/hΘ
asЧcontact,ЧcommunityЧasЧcočtact.Ч
Ƞ Ƞ éΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
SoЧbeЧit.Ч 8utЧhowЧcanЧheЧsayЧthatЧweЧateЧ¨ptopetlyЧ. ũ . Ч exposed¨ЧtoЧanЧoti-
ginЧthatЧisЧnotЧ¨apptoptiable¨:Чl' llЧhaveЧtoЧaskЧhimЧthis.Ч|ustЧasЧlЧaskЧmyselfЧ
whyЧlЧwouldЧnevetЧhaveЧdatedЧwtiteЧthat.ЧHeЧknowsЧinЧadvanceЧthatЧlЧwouldЧ
undoubtedlyЧputЧupЧaЧmutedЧtesistanceЧtheteŘfeat,Ч pethaps,ЧinЧtheЧguiseЧofЧ
stihnessЧotЧphilosophicalЧ tigotŘagainstЧthisЧftankЧassettion,ЧthisЧassutanceЧ
tegatdingЧtheЧ¸·s¸s·nsssΘofЧanЧexpositionЧtoЧtheЧotigin.ЧtoЧwit,ЧanЧexistence,Ч
aЧfotmЧofЧ¨self-touching,¨ЧwouldЧ,itself)Ч beЧptopetlyЧexposed,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧ
him,ЧtoЧwhatЧisЧ¨ptopetly¨ЧtheЧotiginЧ,itself) ,ЧevenЧifЧtheЧlattetЧweteЧnotЧ¨ap-
ptoptiable, ¨ЧinЧtheЧsenseЧofЧ¨penettable,Чabsotbableũ¨Ч8utЧwhatЧaboutЧothetЧ
modesЧofЧapptoptiation:ЧAndЧcouldn'tЧoneЧstillЧ detectЧinЧtheЧsaidЧexposi-
tȋon-¸·s¸s·ΘtoЧanЧotiginЧthatЧwouldЧptopetlyЧbeЧitself-aЧtesetve,ЧtheЧulti-
mateЧtesoutceЧofЧanЧapptoptiation:ЧOfЧaЧteapptoptiation:Ч1heЧpossibilityЧofЧ
thisЧaƗtmativeЧstatementЧ,¨1oЧtouchЧuponЧtheЧotiginЧ. . . Ч isЧptopetlyЧtoЧbeЧ
exposedЧtoЧit¨)-aЧstatementЧthatЧisЧpossibleЧfotЧhim,ЧandЧnotЧfotЧme-mayЧ
beЧwhatЧinspites,Чmotivates,Чdictates,ЧandЧcompelsЧtheЧthinkingЧandЧdesiteЧ
ofЧ¨touching,¨ЧandЧespeciallyЧsoЧwhenЧoneЧcanЧseeЧthisЧthinkingЧandЧthisЧde-
siteЧofЧ¨touching¨ЧinvadeЧhisЧcotpusЧinЧanЧincteasinglyЧspeedyЧandЧintenseЧ
fashion,ЧbeЧitЧwithЧsoЧmuchЧcaution,ЧactossЧsoЧmanyЧcomplications,Ч pata-
doxes,ЧandЧhypetboles,ЧbeЧitЧinЧtheЧabnegation,ЧwithoutЧnegation,ЧofЧtouch-
ingЧwithinЧtheЧ¨withoutЧtouching¨ĥЧandЧbeЧitЧthtoughЧtheЧactiveЧotЧimplicitЧ
teadingЧofЧothetЧthinkets.ЧAndЧthisЧisЧhowЧlЧĐtthetЧexplain,ЧwithoutЧseek-
ingЧtooЧmuchЧtoЧj ǃstiƬЧaЧvittualЧquestionЧotЧobjectionЧ ,itЧdoesЧnotЧmattetЧ
hete) ,ЧthatЧtheЧhƿguteЧandЧlexiconЧofЧ¨touch¨ЧtemainЧtathetЧscantЧasЧfatЧasЧlЧ
amЧconcetned,ЧatЧleastЧonЧtheЧtateЧoccasionsЧwhen,ЧasЧitЧwete,ЧlЧspeakЧinЧmyЧ
ownЧname.Ч1hatЧisЧwhyЧthoseЧwhoЧhaveЧthisЧeasietЧ¨touch¨ЧfascinateЧϡe.ЧlЧ
admiteЧ them,Ч yetЧ lЧ cannotЧ btingЧ myselfЧtoЧ believeЧ inЧ itЧvetyЧ much-inЧ
touching,ЧthatЧis.ЧSomeЧill-intentionedЧthoughЧwell-ptogtammedЧphiloso-
phetsЧmayЧconcludeЧftomЧthisЧthatЧļЧamЧmoteЧofЧanЧ¨idealist¨ЧthanЧNancy.Ч
MyЧdefenseЧattotneyЧwouldЧnotЧbeЧ longЧinЧ tesponding,ЧplayingЧupЧtwoЧ
coЧunЧtetclaims.Ч
r.Θ WhatЧhasЧ confettedЧ onЧ ¨touch¨Ч itsЧabsoluteЧptivilegeЧandЧ itsЧtitlesЧ ofЧ
philosophicЧnobilityЧisЧaЧgteatЧ¨idealistic¨Чttadition,ЧftomЧ8etkeley'sЧabsoluteЧ
idealismЧ toЧ KantɒsЧotЧHussetl'sЧttanscendentalЧ idealism.Ч llatoЧhadЧalteadyЧ
stattedЧthisЧ ,asЧwe'llЧlatetЧsee) .Ч
z.ΘPĕ fotЧidealists,Чisn'tЧNancyЧj ustЧanothetЧone,Ч guiltyЧtathetЧbecauseЧofЧ
hisЧimptudenceЧwhenЧheЧstillЧ cteditsЧtheЧapptoptiationЧofЧaЧptopetnessЧandЧ
whenЧheЧquietlyЧsays.Ч¨1oЧtouchЧuponЧtheЧotiginЧisЧnotЧtoЧmissЧ it.Ч itЧisЧptop-
etlyЧtoЧbeЧexposedЧtoЧit¨:Ч
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ
AndЧ idealismĤЧ beloteЧtutningЧitЧintoЧaЧphilosophicalЧ combatЧweapon, Ч
theteЧ ateЧsoЧmanyЧpteliminatyЧquestionsЧtoЧaskЧaboutЧtheЧhistotyЧolЧtheЧ
ίşža-whichЧisЧseenЧtathetЧthanЧtouched,ЧÜ itsЧnameЧindicates-andЧaboutЧ
theЧitteptessibleЧandЧundeniableЧconstitutionЧolЧideality,ЧaboutЧidealizationЧ
ptocessesЧandЧtheЧ¨idealistic¨ЧpositionЧinsctibedЧinЧtheЧhistotyЧolЧsenseЧandЧ
theЧsenses,ЧinЧtheЧobscuteЧttaʅckingЧbetweenЧsense,ЧcommonЧsense,ЧandЧtheЧ
senses,ЧlotЧexample,Ч betweenЧtouchЧandЧsight.Ч1hisЧenotmousЧhistotyЧhasЧ
keptЧmanyЧamongЧusЧbusyЧlotЧquiteЧsomeЧtimeЧ,elsewhete,ЧwhatЧisЧmoteĶ
andЧl 'llЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧit) .Ч
SupposingЧlЧ taisedЧ obƙectionsЧhete,Ч thϪughЧ lЧ don'tЧ ,lЧ amЧmetelyЧaston-
ished,Ч otЧconcetned) ,Ч NancyЧcouldЧspeciƬЧthat,Ч inЧthisЧpassage,Ч heЧdoesЧ
notЧsimplyЧspeakЧinЧhisЧownЧname.ЧAtЧthisЧexactЧmoment,ЧheЧisЧthinkingЧ
¨with¨ЧGeotgesЧ8ataille,ЧheЧisЧactivelyЧteadingЧandЧintetpteting,ЧexplainingЧ
andЧexposingЧaЧcettainЧ8ataille,ЧandЧkeepingЧhimЧcompany.ЧlnЧotdetЧtoЧbe-
comeЧinvolvedЧi nЧaЧlaitЧandЧsetiousЧdebate,ЧoneЧwouƮdЧtheteloteЧneedЧtoЧ
disentangleЧwhatЧlallsЧtoЧeithetЧone,ЧandЧitЧisЧalmostЧimpossibleЧtoЧdoЧsoЧinЧ
thisЧcontext.ЧlЧshouldЧdoЧnoЧmoteЧthanЧquoteЧtheЧpassageЧandЧtheЧaccom-
panyingЧnote,ЧwhichЧcallЧlot,Ч motivate,ЧandЧj ustiƬЧtheЧlinesЧintoЧwhichЧlЧ
j ustЧptied,ЧwithЧsomeЧbaΐementЧonЧmyЧpatt.ЧWeЧ shallЧseeЧthatЧNancyЧdoesЧ
noЧmoteЧpethapsЧ ,butЧisn'tЧitЧaЧgteatЧdeal:Ч isn'tЧitЧenotmous:)Ч thanЧsubtlyЧ
divettЧ8ataille'sЧlexicon,ЧandЧadmitЧheЧisЧdoingЧit,ЧpteciselyЧwheteЧ8atailleЧ
himsellЧnamesЧaЧcettainЧdivetsion,ЧtoЧtheЧlettet.Ч
lndeed,ЧwhenЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧ/·a/h,Θ8atailleЧsaysЧ¨accede¨ЧandЧ¨attain, ¨Ч
Nancy,Ч ilЧoneЧmayЧsayЧso, ЧttanslatesЧitЧbyЧ¨touch, ¨ЧwhileЧspeakingЧaboutЧ
s·igin,ΘthisЧtime.Ч1hisЧacknowledgedЧdivetsionЧ,asЧwe'llЧtead)Ч mustЧnotЧbeЧ
ctiticizedЧotЧdenounced,Чhowevet,ЧitЧpetmitsЧidentihcationЧolЧtheЧdtiveЧtoЧ
think-nameĺtouchЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouch,ЧtathetЧthanЧanyЧothet,ЧasЧ¨ptopetly¨Ч
NanceanЧ,¨ptopetly¨:ЧComeЧonЧ . . . Ч ) . Ч
l lЧlЧ nowЧthinkЧi t ЧnecessatyЧt oЧquoteЧ thisЧwholeЧpassage,Ч includingЧtheЧ
noteЧandЧaЧlongЧltagmentЧbyЧ8ataille,ЧitЧisЧlotЧanothetЧteason,ЧwhichЧmayЧ
beЧevenЧmoteЧimpottant,ЧitЧhasЧpethapsЧimpattedЧitsЧhtstЧmovementЧtoЧtheЧ
analysis.ЧAtЧtheЧendЧolЧtheЧ8atailleЧquotation,ЧinЧitalicsЧolЧwhichЧlЧnoЧlongetЧ
knowЧwhethetЧtheyЧateЧNancy'sЧotЧnotЧ ¸theЧitalicsЧateЧGeotgesЧ8ataille'sĶ
1tans. Ă ,ЧweЧcanЧteadЧtheseЧwotds.Ч ¨SuddenlyЧ8. 'sЧheattЧisЧinЧmyЧheatt. Ŋ Ч AsЧ
lotЧtheЧ ¨sudden¨ЧeventЧolЧthisЧ uttetance,Ч nothingЧcouldЧhaveЧkeptЧNancyЧ
ltomЧheatingЧitЧbeatЧinЧhisЧvetyЧownЧheatt.ЧAndЧheteЧweЧateЧheatingЧitЧai/hΘ
him,Ч i nЧoutЧheattЧaltogethetЧothetЧandЧ theЧ same. ̙ ЧHeteЧ isЧ theЧ passage,Ч itЧ
comesЧimmediatelyЧbeloteЧtheЧpatagtaphЧatoundЧ¨1oЧtouchЧuponЧtheЧotiĺ
Ÿ r ·Θ IhisΘŹsʈs¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
ginЧ . . . Ч isЧproperlyЧtoЧbeЧexposedЧtoЧit. ¨Ч1heЧlexiconЧofЧtouch,ЧtheЧunder-
scoring,Ч bearsЧNancy'sЧ signature,Ч ofЧcourse,Ч andЧ notЧ 8ataille's.Ч1heЧ insis-
tence-soЧirrepressible-onЧaЧcertainЧexactitudeЧonceЧmoreЧ,¨exact, ¨Ч¨exȑ
actly¨.ЧheЧevenЧboldlyЧwritesЧ¨perhaps,Чexactly¨)ЧisЧsignedЧbyЧNancyЧasЧwel|.Ч
1heЧmovementЧhndsЧ itselfЧlaunched,Ч thenЧ relaunched,Ч inЧanЧ impeccablyЧ
calculatedЧplayЧonЧtheЧequivocalЧsyntaxЧofЧanЧexpressionЧofЧtruth,ЧȐΘňaΘ·é·i/éΘ
,aЧ phraseЧremainăngЧforeverЧ lrench,Ч asЧ ifЧaЧtongueЧcouldЧbeЧ touchedЧun-
translatably-andЧonЧtheЧfollowingЧpageЧNancyЧevokesЧaЧcertainЧ¨untrans-
latable¨ЧformingЧ¨eachЧtime,ЧanЧabsoluteЧpointЧofЧtranslation,Чtransmission,Ч
orЧtransitionЧofЧtheЧoriginЧin/sΘs·iginƴĕ ǙΘ
ĕ ĕ ĕ Ϟ being-aith.˰TbeϞotiginϞisϞtogetbetϞwitbϞotbetϞotigins,ϞotiginallyϞpattedČϞlnϞ
ttutb,Ϟtbetelote,ϞweϞaccedeϞtoϞi tĕ ϞWeϞ teacbϞ ¸noas˰accédons¦ ,˰inϞexactϞaccotdanceϞ
witbϞtbeϞmodeϞolϞaccess.ϞweϞgetϞtbeteƘϞweϞateϞonϞtbeϞbtink,Ϟ asϞ neatϞasϞcanϞ be,Ϟ
atϞtbeϞtbtesboldƗϞweϞ toach˰onϞtbeϞotiginϞŢ Nancy'sϞempbasis.-|ĕϞD. ] .˰¨lnϞttutb,Ϟ
weϞaccedeϞ. . ĕ Ϟ ¨˰ ¸ ɉ˰/a˰ cérité,˰ noas˰accédons]˰ isϞ8ataille'sϞpbtase,́ϞandϞlϞtepeatϞitsϞ
ambiguityϞwbileϞdivettingϞitϞltomϞitsϞteacbĴsinceϞinϞ8atailleϞitϞptecedesϞtbeϞ
assettionϞolϞanϞinstantaneousϞlossϞolϞaccess.ϞLvetytbingϞcomesϞtoϞpass,Ϟpetbaps,Ϟ
exactlyϞbetweenϞlossϞandϞapptoptiation-neitbetϞoneϞnotϞtbeϞotbet,Ϟ notϞoneϞ
andϞtbeϞotbet,ϞbutϞmucbϞmoteϞbizattelyϞandϞsimplyϞtbanϞtbat.Ϟ
lnϞttutb,ϞmyϞmemotyϞlailsϞme.Ϟ8atailleϞwtitesϞ¨weϞattainŬϞ_noas˰atteignons} Ī˰
toϞ attain,Ϟ toϞ accede-likeϞ tbeϞdoublingϞolϞtbeϞapptoximateϞitsellϞinϞtoucbingϞ
atϞtbeϞotiginĕϞ 8utϞlϞmustϞciteϞtbeϞwboleϞpassageϞltomϞ8ataille.Ϟ¨WeϞdon'tϞbaveϞ
tbeϞmeansϞolϞattainingϞatϞoutϞdisposal.ϞinϞttutb,ϞweϞdoϞattainƗϞweϞsuddenlyϞat-
tainϞtbeϞnecessatyϞpointϞ andϞweϞ spendϞtbeϞtestϞolϞoutϞlivesϞseekingϞaϞlostϞ mo-
mentƘϞ butϞbowϞonenϞweϞmissϞit,ϞlotϞtbeϞpteciseϞ teasonϞtbatϞseekingϞ itϞdivettsϞ
usϞltomϞit.Ϟ|oiningϞtogetbetϞisϞdoubtlessϞaϞmeansϞ. . . Ϟ olϞmissingϞtbeϞmomentϞ
olϞtetutnϞlotevet.ϞSuddenly,ϞinϞmyϞdatkness,ϞinϞmyϞsolitude,ϞanguisbϞgivesϞwayϞ
toϞconviction.Ϟ it'sϞ insidiousϞ ¸soarnois¦ ,˰ noϞlongetϞevenϞwtencbingϞ ¸arrachant¦˰
,tbtougbϞ constantϞwtencbing,Ϟ itϞnoϞlongetϞwtencbes) , Ϟsaddenþ˰B.˰:heart˰is˰in˰
m¸ heart. ę˰ ,Nancy,ϞBeing˰Singa/ar˰P/ara/˰ p.Ϟ r ,, pĕϞ r ;6m;, modihed.-Ttans. ) Ϟ
OnЧwhomЧisЧitЧbestowed,ЧthisЧterriƬingЧgrace-toЧhear,Чgrasp,Чreceive,Ч
andЧevenЧcountersignЧtheЧliteralityЧofЧtheseЧlastЧwords,Ч¨sudden|yЧ8. 'sЧheartЧ
isЧ inЧ myЧ heart¨:Ч ƻndoubtedlyЧ notЧ evenЧ onЧ theirЧ author,Ч notЧ evenЧ onЧ
8ataille.Ч
ĀndЧofЧtheЧparenthesis. ЧlЧresume.ЧweЧwere,ЧasЧalways,ЧlaughingЧwithЧhim.Ч
WhatЧisЧ¨laughedЧbyЧtheЧpoem¨ЧisЧthereforeЧtheЧlogicЧofЧtheseЧ¨multip|eЧsin-
gularities¨ЧthatЧareЧasЧmanyЧinstancesЧofЧ¨coming¨ЧintoЧpresence,ЧwithoutЧ
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ r r )Θ
ptesenceЧevetЧptesentingЧitselfЧasЧtheЧessenceЧ ofЧptesence-asЧweЧweteЧsay-
ingȟЧ 1heteЧ wheteЧ itЧ isЧ ¨laughedЧ byЧ theЧ poem, ¨Ч theteЧ wheteЧ theЧ poemЧ isЧ
laughingЧthatЧ_/sΘ¸semsΘ·i/Θǿa¦ ,Θ inЧ aЧmovementЧthatЧisЧintetnal,Чimmanent,Ч
andЧyetЧbutstingЧout,ЧlaughtetЧbecomesЧa/Θsncs,Θthetefote,ЧttansitiveЧandΘin-
ttansitive.ȧЧWeЧ notedЧ thisЧ eatlietЧaboutЧ weighing,Ч whichЧ ¨weighs, ¨Ч andЧ
whichЧisЧweighingЧwhatЧitЧweighs,Ч theЧothetЧ ,ttansitively) ,Ч otЧofЧitsЧ ownЧ
weightЧ,inttansitively) ,ЧÜ aha/ΘitЧthinks.ЧltЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧthinkingЧweigh-
ingЧlikeЧ laughtetЧ otЧteats.Ч OneЧ isЧ eithetЧweepingЧinttansitively,Ч petiod,Ч otЧ
oneЧ isЧweepingЧ teats,Ч ttansitively,Ч , bemoaningЧtheЧ lossЧ of)Ч somethingЧotЧ
someone-otЧbecauseЧ oneЧ noЧ longetЧknowsЧ whoЧ otЧwhat,Ч otЧoneselfЧasЧ
whoЧ otЧwhat,ЧisЧweeping.Ч1oЧcomplain,Чpetiod.ЧOtЧtoЧmakeЧaЧpointЧtoЧcom-
plainЧ aboutЧ. . . . Ч 1oЧ complainЧ aboutЧ someone-otЧ becauseЧ oneЧ hasЧ lostЧ
someone.ЧAsЧmanyЧteasonsЧotЧwaysЧ toЧweep.ЧWhomЧotЧwhat.Ч
OfЧtheseЧ multipleЧsingulatitiesЧletЧus,Ч fotЧtheЧmoment,Ч tetainЧj ustЧoneЧ
ttait.ЧlotЧoutЧdecisionЧconcetningЧtheЧttaitЧthatЧisЧchosenЧandЧtematked,ЧasЧ
always,Ч pettainsЧtoЧaЧconttact-touchingЧ,him)Ч inЧ aЧwotd,Ч andЧ conttact-
ingЧevetythingЧatЧtheЧlimit,ЧtheЧttacedЧout|ineЧofЧaЧcontact.ЧWhichЧttait:Ч
1hisЧ oneśЧ itЧisЧsnΘaΘ/imi/ΘthatЧtheseЧsingulatitiesЧ butstЧoutЧlaughing,Ч butЧ
thisЧ limit,Чhete,ЧputsЧtouchЧandЧ theЧothetЧsensesЧ inЧ touch,Ч andЧ thusЧ con-
htmsЧ theЧ quasi-ttanscendentalЧ ptivilegeЧ ofЧtheЧ tactile-ofЧspacing,Ч inЧ
ttuth-andЧfutthet,Ч ofЧspacingЧasЧwhatЧgivesЧ tiseЧtoЧ/schnëΘandЧtheЧptos-
theticЧsubstitute.Ч lndeed,Ч contactЧ doesЧ notЧcattyЧ outЧ anyЧfusionЧotЧanyЧ
identihcation,Ч notЧevenЧanyЧimmsdia/sΘcontiguity.Ч OnceЧmoteЧweЧhaveЧtoЧ
dissociateЧ touchЧ ftomЧwhatЧ commonЧ senseЧ andЧ philosophicalЧ senseЧ ateЧ
fotevetЧaccotdingЧit,Ч namely,Чimmsdiac¸-asΘevidenceЧitself,ЧasЧtheЧhƁtstЧax-
iomЧ ofЧaЧphenomenologyЧofЧtouch.Ч
1heЧuseЧNancyЧmakesЧofЧtheЧexptessionЧ¸a·/ssΘsx/·aΘ¸a·/ssΘseemsЧobses-
siveЧatЧtimes,ЧandЧyetЧitЧisЧttulyЧnecessatyЧandЧdetetmining.ЧlnЧadditionЧtoЧ
anЧinvincibleЧptincipleЧofЧdisseminalЧdivisibility,Ч itЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧtoЧsigniƬЧ
aЧcease|essЧdesiteЧtoЧmatkЧthisЧbteakЧwithЧtheЧimmediacyЧotЧtheЧcontinuityЧ
ofЧcontact,Ч thisЧ i ntetvalЧ ofЧspacing,Ч thisЧ extetiotity,Ч atЧ theЧ selfsameЧmo-
ment,Чfutthetmote,ЧwhenЧtheteЧisЧsuchЧinsistenceЧonЧcontiguity,Ч touching,Ч
contact,ЧandЧsoЧfotth.ЧAsЧifЧNancyЧwantedЧtoЧmatkЧtheЧintettuptionЧofЧtheЧ
continuousЧandЧchallengeЧtheЧlawЧofЧintuitionЧatЧtheЧvetyЧheattЧofЧcontact.Ч
AndЧinЧdoingЧthis,ЧhisЧ¨intetvention¨ЧtouchesЧandЧtampetsЧwithЧtheЧphilo-
sophicЧgigantomachyЧsuttoundingЧintuitionЧandЧ intuitionism-noЧ less.Ч
lndeed,ЧateЧweЧgoingЧatoundЧanythingЧothetЧthanЧintuitionism,Чi nЧthisЧ
debateЧwithoutЧaЧ combat:Ч NotЧ thisЧ otЧthatЧintuitionismЧ asЧ docttineЧotЧ
r zoΘ IhisΘIs-s¸/hsΘO/hs·Θ
philosophicalЧthesis,Ч notЧ anЧintuitionismЧinЧtheЧsetЧ heldЧ ofЧaЧdetetminedЧ
ptoblematicЧthatЧwouldЧfaceЧanЧ opposing,Ч advetseЧposition-againstЧfot-
malism,Чconceptualism,ЧandЧsoЧfotth.ЧNo.Ч Rathet,ЧweЧendeavotЧtoЧidentiƀЧ
anЧintuitionismЧconstitutiveЧofЧphilosophyЧitself,ЧofЧtheЧgestuteЧofЧthoughtЧ
thatЧconsistsЧinЧphilosophizing-andЧevenЧofЧtheЧidealizationЧptocessЧthatЧ
consistsЧofЧtetainingЧtheЧsenseЧofЧtouchЧwithinЧsightЧsoЧasЧtoЧensuteЧfotЧtheЧ
glancingЧeyeЧtheЧfullnessЧofЧimmediateЧptesenceЧ tequitedЧbyЧevetyЧontol-
ogyЧotЧmetaphysics.Ч1heЧfullnessЧofЧimmediateЧptesenceЧsignihesЧaboveЧallЧ
theЧac/aa/i/¸ΘofЧwhatЧgivesЧitselfЧeffectively,Ч enetgetically,Чac/aa/µ.ΘAsЧ theЧ
nounЧ mightЧ indicate,ЧweЧ knowЧthatЧin/ai/isnΘgivesЧ aЧptivilegeЧtoЧvision. Ч
8utЧitЧisЧalwaysЧ toЧteachЧ aЧpointЧthete,ЧwheteЧtheЧfulhllment,Ч theЧpleni-
tude,ЧotЧtheЧhƿllingЧofЧvisualЧptesenceЧtouchesЧcontact,ЧthatЧis,ЧaЧ¸sin/Θthat,Ч
inЧanothetЧsense,ЧoneЧcouldЧnicknameЧblindЧspot,ЧandЧtheteЧtheЧeyeЧ/sachssΘ
andЧ letsЧ itselfЧbeЧ touched-byЧaЧtayЧofЧlight,ЧunlessЧitЧisЧ ,moteЧtately,ЧandЧ
moteЧ dangetously)Ч byЧ anothetЧ eye,Ч theЧ eyeЧ ofЧtheЧ othet.Ч AtЧ leastЧ sinceЧ
llato,ЧnoЧdoubt,ЧandЧdespiteЧhisЧindebtednessЧtoЧ theЧeyeЧthatЧlooks,Чintu-
itionismЧ hasЧ a/ssΘbeenЧ aЧmetaphysicsЧandЧ ttopologyЧofЧtouch-aЧmeta-
physicsЧasЧhapto-ttopologic.Ч1hisЧmetaphysicsЧfulhllsЧitselfЧandЧthusЧcomesЧ
toЧitsЧplenitude,ЧitsЧpletoma,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧitsЧlimit,ЧinЧbettingЧonЧtheЧele-
mentatyЧttickЧotЧ/a·nΘofЧtactileЧfulh llment,ЧtheЧtutnЧotЧbentЧofЧaЧlanguageЧ
thatЧisЧotientedЧinЧaЧquasi-natutalЧfashionЧtowatdЧ touch,Ч theteЧwhete,ЧasЧ
languageЧptecisely,Ч itЧlosesЧintuitionЧandЧnoЧlongetЧgivesЧtoЧsee.Ч
LetЧusЧatЧleastЧtecallЧllato'sЧPhasds,ĜΘinЧwhichЧevetythingЧisЧalteadyЧ¨pte-
hguted. ¨ЧlЧmeanЧtoЧsayЧthat,ЧinЧit,Ч theЧhguteЧofЧtouchЧisЧptehųguted.Ч Socta-
tesЧasks.ЧwhenЧdoesЧtheЧ¸sachëΘtouchЧ,ha¸/s/ai)ΘonЧttuthЧandЧattainЧit:Ч1heЧ
answetǹЧwhenЧitЧisЧttoubledЧneithetЧbyЧvisionЧnotЧheating,ЧnotЧanyЧpleasuteЧ
otЧdispleasuteЧofЧtheЧbody,ЧinЧothetЧwotdsЧwhenЧitЧhasЧdismissedЧtheЧsen-
sible,ЧwhenЧitЧhasЧbeenЧableЧtoЧsayЧ¨hello¨ϟgoodbye¨Ч _sa/a/¦Θ toЧtheЧsensesЧ
andЧtheЧbodyЧ,chai·sinΘ/sΘsõma)Θ ,6;c) ,ЧandЧwhenЧ¨sheЧhasЧasЧlittleЧasЧpossi-
bleЧ toЧ doЧ withЧ theЧ body¨Ч ¸ i . e. , Ч asЧ littleЧ intetcoutse,Ч contactЧ ,mëdřha¸-
/smsnë) ¦ , Θ¨andЧhasЧnoЧbodilyЧsenseЧotЧfeeling, ¨Ч butЧisЧaspitingЧaftetЧbeingЧ
,itЧdssi·ssΘwhatЧis. Чs·sgë/aiΘ/saΘsn/ss)Θ ,6;c) .ЧOnlyЧbyЧnoЧlongetЧtouchingЧonЧ
touching,Чnamely,ЧonЧtheЧcotpotealЧandЧsensibleЧlettetЧofЧtheЧtangible,ЧdoesЧ
theЧ¸sachëΘthusЧtouchЧonЧttuth,Ч andЧattainЧtheЧas¸sc/,Θ theЧvisibilityЧofЧtheЧ
sidss,ΘofЧwhatЧteallyЧisʬΘandЧtealizeЧinЧidealizing.Ч8utЧthen,ЧbyЧtouchingЧonЧ
itЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧh gute,Ч¸sachëΘteallyЧtouchesЧ,ha¸/s/ai)ΘuponЧttuth.ЧltЧtouchesЧ
onЧitЧi nЧgivingЧupЧ touching.Ч1tuthЧisЧnotЧЁouchedЧexceptЧwheteЧitЧisЧun-
touchable.ЧlnЧllato'sЧRs¸a//ic¨ΘtheЧsameЧ¨haptic¨Чhɀ guteЧdesctibesЧtheЧtela-
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ ĺ zr Θ
tionЧofЧtheЧimmortalЧsoulЧwithЧeverythingЧthatЧi t Чtou͵hesЧor ЧattainsЧ ,ha¸-
/s/ai)ΘinЧitsЧloveЧforЧtruth-¨philosophy¨ЧitselŲЧ
ltЧisЧaЧgreat,ЧendlessЧhistoryЧofЧhaptics.ЧlfЧtogetherЧwithЧlascalЧoneЧwereЧ
toЧimagineЧ¨llato,ЧtoЧ attractЧ towardsЧ Christianity, ¨ Ϙ ɳ ЧoneЧofЧtheЧ pathsЧ ofЧ
theЧdemonstrationЧwouldЧgoЧnotЧonlyЧ,andЧself-evidently,Ч andЧallЧtooЧob-
viously)Ч throughЧ aЧ thinkingЧofЧtruthЧasЧl ight,Ч asЧrevelationЧ toЧsight,Ч butЧ
alsoЧthroughЧtheЧafh nityЧofЧtwoЧhaptics,Ч twoЧ haptologies,ЧtheЧoneЧinЧtheЧ
Gospels,Ч ofЧwhichЧweЧspokeЧearlier,ЧandЧtheЧoneЧofЧwhichЧaЧfewЧexamplesЧ
inЧllatoЧhaveЧj ustЧbeenЧevoked.Ч
lromЧ llatoЧ toЧ HenriЧ 8ergson,Ч fromЧ 8erkeleyЧ orЧMaineЧ deЧ 8iranЧ toЧ
HusserŤ,ЧandЧbeyondЧthem,ЧtheЧsameЧongoingЧformalЧconstraintЧisЧcarriedЧ
out.ЧcertainlyЧthereЧisЧtheЧwellĺknownЧhegemonyЧofЧeidetics,ЧasЧ¸ga·sΘorЧaɃ-
¸sc/,Θ andЧ thereforeЧasЧvisibleЧformЧexposedЧtoЧ aЧdisembodied,ЧincorporealЧ
look.Ч 8utЧthisЧsupremacyЧitselfЧdoesЧnotЧobeyЧtheЧeyeЧexceptЧtoЧtheЧextentЧ
thatЧaЧhapticalЧintuitionismЧcomesЧtoЧfulh llЧit,ЧhllЧit,ЧandЧstillЧtheЧi nten-
tionalЧmovementЧofЧdesire,Ч asЧaЧdesireЧforЧpresence.Ч lorЧdesire,Ч ofЧcourse,Ч
isЧofЧitselfЧnaturallyЧintuitioniɃĄiƪ-asЧ soonЧ asЧ itЧisЧweanedЧofЧintuition,Ч
andЧthatЧisЧitsЧh rstЧlethalЧcontradictionЧandЧtheЧprecursoryЧsignЧofЧitsЧend,Ч
itsЧ/s/ss.Θ Ie/ssΘisЧhapticoĺintuitionistic.ЧShallЧweЧsayЧofЧphilosophyЧinЧgen-
eralЧthatЧitЧisЧ obedientlyЧunderЧtheЧthumbЧofЧtheЧhngerЧandЧtheЧeye:Чlor,Ч
asЧtheЧRs¸a/ĭcΘspellsЧitЧout,ЧwhatЧisЧatЧissueЧhereЧisЧ¸hi/sss¸h¸ΘitselfЧandЧtheЧ
desireЧofЧpureЧ¸sachë.Θ
WeЧ couldЧ traceЧ theЧ necessityЧandЧspeakЧofЧtheЧlegacyЧ ofЧanЧ analogousЧ
movementЧinЧllotinus,ЧwhoЧusesЧhapticalЧtermsЧbothЧabundantlyЧandЧde-
cisivelyЧ,s¸a¸hë.Θ contact,Чs¸ha¸sas/haiĈΘs¸ha¸/s/a.Θ touch,Ч toЧbeЧinЧcontact,Ч
/higsin.ΘtoЧtouch,Ч/hixisŴΘaЧtouch,ЧandЧsoЧforth) .Ч lirst,ЧtouchingЧyieldsЧ¸·ss-
sncsŲΘ theЧOneЧ¨isЧalwaysЧpresentЧtoЧanyoneЧwhoЧ isЧableЧtoЧtouchЧitũ ¨ ǁ ǁ ЧCor-
relatively,Ч thisЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧindivisibilityЧofЧtheЧOneЧandЧ¸s¸chica/ΘexƜ
perience,ЧtheЧrelationЧofЧtheЧknowingЧsoulЧwithЧtheЧindi·isi//s,Θ forЧtheЧsoulЧ
agreesЧwithЧtheЧ One,ЧitЧisЧinЧcontactЧwithЧit,Ч asЧ itЧwere,ЧandЧtouchesЧit, ǀ 'Ч
andЧwithЧwhatЧisЧwhollyЧsimple, Ч¨itЧisЧenoughЧ ifЧtheЧintellectЧcomesЧintoЧ
contactЧwithЧit. ¨ǁ ł Ч1hisЧcontactЧisЧmoreЧextraordinary,Ч moreЧhyperbolicƱ
hyperbolicЧasЧs¸s/sinaΘ/ësΘsasiasΘ,whichЧisЧtheЧhyphen,ЧsoЧtoЧspeak,ЧbetweenЧ
llatoЧandЧllotinus)-andЧtouchesЧwhatЧexactlyЧ_cs/aΘmǶms¦ΘstandsЧbeyondЧ
8eing,ЧtheЧOneЧasЧtheЧGood,ЧthusЧbringingЧitЧintoЧpresence.Ч¨thereЧwillЧnotЧ
beЧaЧthoughtЧofЧit,ЧbutЧonlyЧaЧtouchingЧandЧaЧsortЧofЧcontact. ¨ϙ Dz ЧWeЧ couldЧ
thenЧtouchЧwhatЧisЧnotŁЧWhichЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч notЧonlyЧintelƄigibleЧbeings-be-
yondЧtheЧsenses-butЧalsoЧwhatЧdoesЧnotЧevenЧpresentЧitselfЧanyЧlongerЧasЧ
r zzΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
aЧbeing,ЧaЧbeingĺptesent.ЧlnЧAtistotle,ЧoneЧhndsЧanЧanalogousЧhgute,ЧaЧhguteЧ
beyondЧ theЧhgute,Ч thisЧ timeЧaboutЧnsas,Θ theЧ¸sachëΘinasmuchЧasЧitЧknows.Ч
ʻ̲dЧthoughtЧthinksЧonЧΰtselfЧbecauseЧitЧshatesЧtheЧnatuteЧofЧtheЧobƙectЧofЧ
thoughtЧ _/a/aΘ ms/a/ë¸sinΘ/saΘnsë/sa¦ ĈΘfotЧitЧbecomesЧanЧobjectЧofЧthoughtЧ
inЧcomingЧintoЧcontactЧwithЧandЧthinkingЧitsЧobjects,Ч soЧthatЧthoughtЧandЧ
objectЧofЧthoughtЧateЧtheЧsameЧ_ns̊ssΘga·Θgigns/aiΘ/hiȅanõnΘ/aiΘnsõn,Θhõs/sΘ
/aa/snΘnsasΘ/aiΘnsë/sn} . ƴΘū Ɣ Ч
OnlyЧi fЧ theЧhapticalЧitselfЧcalledЧtoЧotdetЧ,namely,Ч theЧmetonymicЧotdetЧ
olЧtheЧ¸ngs·,Θ thatЧis,Ч ofЧtheЧhandĕΘtheЧotdetЧofЧptesencesЧwouldЧoneЧbeЧal-
lowedЧtoЧspeakЧofЧsttictЧobedienceЧundetЧtheЧ¨thumbЧofЧtheЧhngetЧandЧtheЧ
eyeź ¨ЧɬlЧisЧthusЧdecidedЧinЧtheЧpassageЧofЧaЧmetonymy,Ч andЧtheЧstakesЧmayЧ
beЧthete,Чpethaps,Чhnally,Ч asЧ mayЧbeЧtheЧsingulatityЧofЧNancy'sЧwotk.Ч itЧin-
hetesЧlessЧinЧtheЧtecollectionЧofЧtouchЧthanЧinЧanothetЧthinkingЧofЧtheЧbody,Ч
theЧmouth,ЧandЧtheЧ ¨hand¨Ч ,theЧhandЧandЧtheЧhngets) ,Ч andЧespeciallyЧofЧ
metonymyźЧ ltЧisЧanothetЧstotyЧandЧhistotyЧofЧtheЧbody,Ч ptesupposingЧalsoЧ
anothetЧexpetienceЧofЧdesite.Ч
1oЧ thisЧ weЧ haveЧ notЧ yetЧ comeźЧ SoonЧweЧ shallЧ beЧ questioningЧcettainЧ
textsЧbyЧMaineЧdeЧ 8itanЧandЧHussetl,Ч tegatdingЧvetyЧpteciselyЧ,especiallyЧ
ftomЧtheЧ¸sin/Θs¸Θ·isaΘs¸Θ/hsΘhandΘ ifЧlЧ mayЧsayЧso)Ч aЧcettainЧptivilegeЧofЧ
touchźЧNevetЧmindЧ8etgson,ЧwhoseЧtecommendationЧitЧisЧtoЧmultiplyЧmeta-
photsЧinЧotdetЧtoЧexceedЧtheЧdeceitlulЧtigiditiesЧofЧconcepts,Ч¨absttactЧideas,Ч
whethetЧgenetalЧotЧsimple. ¨
ȡ
ĭЧNevetЧmindЧwhenЧheЧtecallsЧusЧtoЧtheЧneedЧ
ofЧthisЧdispatateЧmultiplicityЧofЧttopologicalЧhgutes.ЧseeingЧfulh llsЧitselfЧinЧ
touching.ЧNevetЧmindЧthatЧheЧisЧ pleadingЧfotЧaЧsttategyЧolЧdispetsalЧandЧ
spendthtiftЧthetotic.Ч
NoϞimageϞwillϞteplaceϞtbeϞ intuitionϞ olϞdutation,Ϟ butϞmanyϞdilletentϞimages,Ϟ
takenϞltomϞquiteϞdilletentϞotdetsϞolϞtbings,ϞwillϞbeϞable,ϞtbtougbϞtbeϞconcer-
gence˰ olϞtbeitϞaction,Ϟ toϞ ditectϞ tbeϞ consciousnessϞ toϞ tbeϞ pteciseϞ¸oint˰wbeteϞ
tbeteϞisϞaϞcettainϞintuitionϞtoϞseizeϞon.Ϟ 8yϞcboosingϞimagesϞasϞ dissimilatϞ ¸dis-
¸arates¦˰ asϞpossible,Ϟany oneϞolϞtbemϞwillϞ beϞpteventedϞltomϞasar¸ing˰tbeϞplaceϞ
olϞtbeϞintuitionϞitϞisϞinsttuctedϞtoϞca/˰lottb,ϞsinceϞitϞwouldϞtbenϞbeϞdtivenϞoutϞ
immediatelyϞbyϞitsϞricaŇŦ ' Ū ˰
,1heЧemphasisЧi s ЧmineźЧWhatЧaЧbeautifulЧphilosophicalЧptogtamŁЧAndЧ
whatЧaЧsceneŁЧSoЧmanyЧwellĺchosenЧimages,Чindeed,ЧatoundЧthisЧqueen,Чln-
tuition,ЧaЧ¸s¸chs,Θ asЧ itЧwete,Ч aЧqueenЧca/sdΘuponЧ toЧtuleźЧAndЧweЧcanЧseeЧ
theЧsuitots, ЧnotЧtoЧ mentionЧ theЧ·i·a͔ΘctowdingЧatoundЧtheЧthtone.Ч allЧolЧ
them-maleЧandЧfemale-conceptsŁЧƻsutpingЧdamesŁЧRegicidesŁ)Ч
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ ʾ z

AndЧso,ЧatЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧheЧ tellsЧ ofЧthisЧ csn·s·gsncsΘandЧ thisЧ limitЧ
¸sin/ΘofЧintuitionЧitself,ЧsomethingЧheЧwillЧsoЧoftenЧtermЧ¨coincidence¨Ч ,asЧ
willЧ MetleauĺlontyЧaftetЧ him) ,Ч 8etgsonЧ isЧ stillЧ hietatchiĵing.Ч AndЧ thenЧ
,shƩlЧweЧsay,ЧasЧllatoЧdoes:)ЧheЧsubjectsЧvisionЧtoЧcontact.ЧIncidsncsΘcanЧde-
hneЧtheЧangleЧofЧaЧthingЧorЧaЧlook,ЧaЧtayЧofЧlightЧsttikingЧaЧsurface,ЧwheteasЧ
csincidsncsΘcallsЧ fotЧanЧexperienceЧinvolvingЧcontact.ЧWhenЧvisionЧtendsЧ
noЧlongerЧtoЧdistinguishЧitselfЧftomЧtheЧseenЧorЧtheЧvisible,ЧitЧisЧasΘȎΘ /hsΘs¸sΘ
/sachsdΘtheЧthingЧitself-orЧbettetЧyet,Ч inЧ theЧeventЧ ofЧthisЧ encountet,Ч asЧ
ifЧtheЧ eyeЧ letЧ itselfЧbeЧtouchedЧbyЧit. Чl ntuitiveЧvisionЧdoesЧnotЧj ustЧcomeЧ
intoЧcontact,Ч asЧ itЧisЧsaid,Ч itЧ/scsmssΘcsn/ac/,Θ andЧ thisЧ movementЧwouldЧ
pettainЧtoЧitsЧnatureũЧǕƯdЧĐtthet,ЧitsЧmotionЧwouldЧgoŧitsЧdriveЧwouldЧex-
tend,Ч rathet,Ч fromЧtheЧ opticalЧ ,orЧtheЧ scopical)Ч toЧ theЧ haptical.Ч1hus,ЧfotЧ
example.Ч¨1heЧintuitionЧ. . . ЧthenЧ beatsЧaboveЧallЧuponЧintetnalЧduration. Ч
ltЧgraspsЧaЧsuccessionЧwhichЧi sЧnotЧj uxtapositionЧ. . . . Ч ŝtЧi sЧtheЧdirectЧ·isisnΘ
ofЧtheЧ mindЧbyЧtheЧmindЧ. . . . Ч lntuition,Ч then,Ч signih esЧ h rstЧ ofЧallЧ con-
sciousness,Ч butЧimmediateЧconsciousness,Ч aЧ·isisnΘwhichЧisЧscatcelyЧdis-
tinguishableЧftomЧtheЧobjectЧseen,ЧaЧknowledgeЧwhichЧisЧcsn/ac/ΘandЧevenЧ
csincidsncs. Ŗ
Ǔ
űΘ
WeЧ knowЧ thatЧ thisЧ becomingəhapticalЧ ofЧ theЧ opticalЧ isЧ oneЧ ofЧ theЧ
themesЧ ofЧGillesЧDeleuĵe'sЧandЧlűlixЧGuattari'sЧAΘ IhsasandΘP/a/saas,ΘevenЧ
ifЧtheЧ8etgsonianЧstteakЧ ,toЧ whichЧDeleuĵeЧalwaysЧ laidЧaЧclaim,Ч inciden-
tally)Ч isЧnotЧcenttalЧi nЧthisЧcontext.ЧRefetenceЧisЧespeciallyЧmadeЧtoЧHenriЧ
MaldineyЧandЧAloαsЧ Riegl.Ч ¨ltЧwasЧAloβsЧ RieglЧwho, ЧinЧsomeЧmatvelousЧ
pages,ЧgaveЧfundamentalЧaestheticЧstatusЧtoЧtheЧcouple,Ч c/sssΘ·isisnNjha¸/icΘ
s¸acs. ¨ ' ¨ Θ¨WheteЧtheteЧisЧcloseЧvision,ЧspaceЧisЧnotЧvisual,ЧorЧtatherЧtheЧeyeЧ
itselfЧhasЧaЧhaptic,ЧnonopticalЧfunction. Ч¨ĊƎЧ
1heЧhandЧisЧnotЧfar,Ч theteЧagainŧotЧmoteЧexactlyЧ/hsΘ ¸ngs·Θs¸Θ/hsΘhanDzΘ
1heЧ hngetЧ isЧ notЧ fat,Ч inЧ fact,ЧsinceЧ thisЧ evenЧdealsЧwithЧtheЧ¨closeЧtange, ¨Ч
withЧ¨closeЧvision, ¨ЧandЧasЧinЧ8etgson,ЧasЧweЧj ustЧtead,ЧwithЧ/hsΘmindΘtheЧ
vetyЧmind.ЧAboutЧnomadЧspaceЧorЧattЧweЧtead.Ч¨ ¸1Ă heЧwholeЧandЧtheЧpattsЧ
giveЧtheЧeyeЧthatЧbeholdsЧthemЧaЧfunctionЧthatЧisЧha¸/icΘ·a/hs·Θ/hanΘs¸/ica/.Θ
1hisЧisЧ anЧ animalityЧthatЧcanЧbeЧseenЧonlyЧbyЧtouchingЧitЧwithЧoneȖsЧ mindΘ
butЧwithoutЧ/hsΘmindΘ/scsmingΘaΘ¸ngsƦDŽΘ ns/Θs·snΘ /¸Θ aa¸Θ s¸Θ/hsΘs¸s.Θ ,lnЧaЧ
muchЧ ctuderЧfashion,ЧtheЧkaleidoscopeЧhasЧexactlyЧtheЧsameЧ function. Ч toЧ
giveЧtheЧeyeЧaЧdigi/a/Θfunction. ) ¨'ȣ Ч
WhoЧbetterЧthanЧHĚlʂneЧCixous,ЧasЧneatЧasЧcanЧbeЧtoЧhetЧownЧexperience,Ч
willЧhaveЧ a·i//sn,Θ andЧ desctibed,Ч theЧpoemЧforЧthisЧhgureЧofЧtheЧtouchingЧ
r z|Θ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
eye:Ч1ouchingЧwithЧ theЧ handЧ andЧ lips-butЧasЧ hguteЧ olЧtheЧh gute,Ч pte-
cisely,ЧandЧwithoutЧlettingЧusЧ/s/is·sΘthatЧaЧphilosophicalЧconceptЧcouldЧlit-
etally,Ч ptopetly,Ч measuteЧ upЧ toЧ it:Ч lnЧ Cixous'sЧ ¨Savoit¨-asЧwellЧasЧ else-
wheteЧandЧdilleteȍtly,Ч inЧsoЧmanyЧplaces-whatЧisЧgivenЧtoЧseeЧisЧgivenЧtoЧ
touch,ЧthoughЧheȍcelotth,ЧltomЧtheЧoutset,ЧitЧisЧgivenЧtoЧtead. ƣƣЧ1hisЧthingЧ
happensЧaġetЧaЧsa·gica/,ΘthatЧis,Чhandmade,ЧopetationЧthatЧhasЧj ustЧtestotedЧ
HűlʂneЧCixousǦsЧeyesight,Чj ustЧasЧanothetЧsutgetyЧhadЧgivenЧanothetЧheatt,Ч
theЧheattЧolЧanothet,Ч maleЧotЧlemale,ЧtoЧ|ean-LucЧNancy-andЧsoЧlЧ asso-
ciateЧ myЧtwoЧmitacleЧwondetltiends. ĊŻЧ lЧ haveЧquotedЧltomЧhisЧ L'in/·as,Θ
hete,Ч now,Ч isЧhetЧ¨Savoit¨ǷЧ
8utϞatϞ tbisϞ dawnϞ witboutϞsubtetfugeϞ sbeϞbadϞ seenϞ tbeϞwotldϞwitbϞbetϞownϞ
eyes,ϞwitboutϞintetmediaty,ϞwitbϞtbeϞnon-contactϞlenses.ϞTbeϞcontinuityϞofϞbetϞ
ûƃesbϞandϞtbeϞwotld'sϞĒesb,ϞtoucbϞtben,ϞwasϞlove,ϞandϞtbatϞwasϞtbeϞmitacle,Ϟgiv-
ing.Ϟ^! SbeϞbadnʱtϞtealizedϞtbeϞdayϞbefoteϞtbatϞeyesϞateϞmitaculousϞbands,ϞbadϞ
nevetϞenǼoyedϞtbeϞdelicateϞtactϞofϞtbeϞcotnea,ϞtbeϞeyelasbes,ϞtbeϞmostϞpowetfulϞ
bands,ϞtbeseϞbandsϞtbatϞtoucbϞimpondetablyϞneatϞandϞfat-offϞbetes.Ϟ SbeϞbadϞ
notϞtealizedϞtbatϞeyesϞateϞlipsϞonϞtbeϞlipsϞofϞGodĕ Ϟ
SbeϞbadϞǼ ustϞtoucbedϞtbeϞwotldϞwitbϞbetϞeye,ϞandϞsbeϞtbougbt.Ϟ¨ϝtϞisϞI˰wboϞ
canϞsee.
-
IwouldϞtbusϞbeϞmyϞeyes.Ϟ lϞtbeϞencountet,ϞtbeϞmeetingϞpointϞbeɻweenϞ
myϞseeingϞsoulϞandϞyou̠ϞĪiolentϞgentleness,ϞbtusqueϞappatition,ϞlilɻingϞeyelidsϞ
and.Ϟ tbeϞwotldϞisϞgivenϞtoϞbetϞinϞtbeϞbandϞofϞbetϞeyes.ϞAndϞwbatϞwasϞgivenϞtoϞ
betϞ tbatϞ htstϞ dayϞwasϞtbeϞgiftϞitself,Ϟgiving.Ϟ ,Cixous,Ϟ Ķi/s,˰ p.Ϟ ,)ǣȵϞ
8ecauseЧolЧtheЧ¸·sximi/¸Θvalue,Ч becauseЧ thisЧ vectotЧolЧc/sssΘ¸·sssncsΘh-
nallyЧdetetminesЧtheЧconceptЧandЧtetmЧ¨haptic, ¨Ч becauseЧtheЧhapticalЧvit-
tuallyЧcovetsЧallЧtheЧsensesЧwhetevetЧtheyЧapptoptiateЧaЧptoximity,Ч DeleuzeЧ
andЧGuattatiЧpteletЧtheЧwotdЧ¨haptic¨Ч toЧtheЧwotdЧ¨tactile¨.Ч ¨ Haptic'ЧisЧaЧ
bettetЧwotdЧthanЧ ƈtactile'Ч sinceЧitЧdoesЧ notЧestablishЧanЧoppositionЧbetweenЧ
twoЧsenseЧotgansЧbutЧtathetЧinvitesЧtheЧassumptionЧthatЧtheЧeyeЧitsellЧmayЧ
lulhllЧthisЧnonopticalЧlunctƾonЧĔ Ĕ . . Ч ltЧseemsЧtoЧusЧthatЧtheЧSmoothЧisЧbothЧ
theЧ obƙ ectЧ olЧaЧ closeЧ visionЧ patЧ excellenceЧ andЧ theЧ elementЧ olЧaЧ hapticЧ
spaceЧ,whichЧmayЧbeЧasЧmuchЧvisualЧotЧauditotyЧasЧtactile) . ¨ƣżЧ
WhatЧ makesЧ theЧ haptical,Ч thusЧ intetpteted,Ч clingЧ toЧ closeness,Ч whatЧ
identihesЧitЧwithЧtheЧapptoachЧolЧtheЧptoximateЧ,notЧonlyЧwithЧ¨closeЧvi-
sion¨ЧbutЧanyЧapptoach,ЧinЧevetyЧsenseЧandЧlotЧallЧtheЧsenses,ЧandЧbeyondЧ
touch) ,ЧwhatЧmakesЧitЧkeepЧupЧwithЧtheЧapptoptiationЧolЧtheЧptoximate,ЧisЧ
aЧcsn/inais/icΘpostulationĔЧAndЧthisЧcontinuismЧolЧdesiteЧaccotdsЧthisЧwholeЧ
discoutseЧwithЧtheЧgenetalЧmotilЧolЧwhatЧDeleuzeЧandЧGuattatiЧ ,inЧlollowĺ
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ I 2 ]
ingЧAntoninЧAttaud)Ч claimЧasЧ theЧ¨bodyЧwithoutЧotgans. ¨ ЧConsequently,Ч
itЧisЧinЧ theЧ¨smooth¨ЧandЧnotЧtheЧ ¨sttiated¨ЧspaceЧthatЧthisЧhapticalЧcontin-
uismЧhnds,ЧotЧtathetЧseeksЧitsЧelementЧofЧapptoptiation,ЧandЧitЧisЧtheteЧthatЧ
itЧconhtmsЧandЧsmoothesЧoutЧitsЧlogicЧofЧapptoach.Ч ¨1heЧh tstЧaspectЧofЧtheЧ
haptic,Ч smoothЧ spaceЧ ofЧc|oseЧ visionЧ isЧ thatЧ itsЧ otientations,Ч landmatks,Ч
andЧlinkagesЧateЧinЧcsn/inasasΘvatiation, ЧitЧopetatesЧs/s¸Θ /¸Θ s/s¸Θ _dsΘ¸·schsΘ
snΘ¸·schs}Θ
_ '¿O
lЧsaidЧcontinuisticЧ¸ss/a/a/isn-̌oƤΘtheЧcontinuousЧisЧnevetЧgiven.Ч Ihs·sΘ
isΘns·s·Θan¸Θ¸a·s,Θ immsdia/sΘexpetienceЧofЧtheЧcontinuous,ЧnotЧofЧcloseness,Ч
notЧofЧabso|uteЧϯtoximity,Ч notЧofЧputeЧindiffetentiation-noЧmoteЧthanЧofЧ
theЧ¨smooth, ¨ЧotЧthetefoteЧofЧtheЧ¨bodyЧwithoutЧotgans. ¨ ЧOfЧallЧthat,ЧtheteЧ
isЧnevetЧanyЧ¨immediate¨Ч given.Ч WheteЧhasЧexpetienceЧevetЧencountetedЧ
,petceived,Чseen,Чtouched,Чheatd,Чtasted,Ч¸//)Θ theЧputelyЧsmooth:ЧOtЧsomeЧ
¨bodyЧwithoutЧotgans, ėЧAttaud'sЧgteatЧfantasy,Ч hisЧ metaphysicalЧ andЧ noЧ
doubtЧChtistianЧfantasy:ЧļfЧoneЧhasЧnevetЧmetЧthem,ЧifЧthisЧhasЧnevetЧgivenЧ
tiseЧtoЧanЧeventЧotЧanЧexpetience,ЧifЧthisЧhasЧnevetЧcomeЧotЧhappened,ЧdoesЧ
thisЧthenЧgiveЧ usЧaЧcontingentЧ¸c/`ΘAndЧwouldЧ thisЧfactЧptecludeЧneithetЧ
theЧtightЧofЧconceptЧnotЧtheЧtightЧofЧdesite:ЧOtЧonЧtheЧconttaty,ЧisЧthisЧanЧ
essentialЧphenomenologicalЧimpossibility,Ч anЧsids/icΘlawЧofЧexpetienceЧandЧ
event,ЧaЧvetyЧconditionЧofЧdesite,ЧwhichЧanyЧconceptualЧconsttuction-anyЧ
¨concept¨Ч¨cteation, ¨ЧasЧitЧwete-shouldЧtakeЧintoЧaccount:ЧAndЧthusЧevetyЧ
¨philosophy,¨ЧevenЧifЧthisЧ acknowledgmentЧcountetsЧanЧ inetadicableЧintu-
itionismЧconstitutingЧtheЧtegulatingЧideaЧofЧphilosophyЧitselfЧ,asЧļЧsuggestedЧ
eatliet) :ЧAЧ¨deconsttuction¨ЧbeginsЧinЧthisЧvetyЧexpetienceǓЧitЧis,Чmakes,ЧandЧ
beatsЧoutЧtheЧexpetienceЧandЧexpetimentЧofЧthisЧapotia.Ч
1heЧconceptЧofЧsmoothЧisЧnotЧsmooth-noЧmoteЧthanЧtheteЧisЧanyЧtig-
otousЧconceptЧofЧtheЧhapticalЧhete,ЧfotЧtheЧhapticalЧthenЧdependsЧonЧtheЧ
smooth,ЧinЧaЧcottelative,ЧdetetminingЧfaϼhion.ЧTheЧtelationЧbeʠweenЧsmoothЧ
andЧsttiated,Ч thetefote,ЧdoesЧ notЧconstituteЧaЧteliableЧconceptualЧopposi-
tion, ЧbutЧtathetЧanЧidealizingЧpolatity,Ч anЧidealizedЧtendency,Ч theЧtensionЧ
ofЧaЧcsnȫadic/sƣΉΘdesiteЧ,fotЧputeЧsmoothnessЧisЧtheЧendЧofЧevetything,ЧdeathЧ
itself)ЧftomЧwhichЧonlyЧaЧmixedЧgiven,Ч aЧmixtute,ЧanЧimputityЧcomesЧfotthЧ
inЧexpetience.Ч
WouldЧaЧ distinctionЧbetweenЧfactЧandЧtightЧsaveЧtheЧpettinenceЧofЧthisЧ
conceptualЧopposition,ЧasЧDeleuzeЧandЧGuattatiЧseemЧtoЧthink,ЧatЧtheЧvetyЧ
moment,Ч tightЧatЧtheЧbeginningЧofЧtheЧchaptetЧ onЧ theЧ¨smoothЧ andЧtheЧ
sttiated, ¨ЧwhenЧtheyЧateЧacknowledgingЧtheЧ¨mixes¨Ч ofЧwhichЧweЧspeak:Ч lЧ
believeЧ thisЧ toЧbeЧallЧtheЧlessЧ likelyЧinЧthatЧtheЧ¨fact¨Ч inЧquestionЧisЧ notЧanЧ
r zéΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
empitical,Ч contingentЧ fact,Ч butЧ anЧeideticЧ lawЧ ofЧsttuctuteЧ ,andЧ thusЧ ofЧ
sttictuteЧotЧsttiation) ,ЧandЧaboveЧall , ЧinЧthatЧtheЧdistinctionЧ¨deЧfactoЧĘЧdeЧ
j ute, ¨ЧlikeЧtheЧdistinctionЧ¨smoothĘsttiated,¨Ч hndsЧitselfЧhietatchized,Ч theЧ
distinctionЧisЧhnallyЧkeptЧundetЧtheЧdeЧj uteЧauthotityЧofЧlawЧ,andЧthetefoteЧ
ofЧaЧputeЧconceptualЧoppositionЧwhichЧnevetЧfunctions) .Ч LetЧusЧtathetЧasЖ
sessЧtheЧfollowing,ЧandЧkeepЧinЧmindЧthatЧtheЧhaptical,ЧstillЧonЧtheЧsideЧofЧ
theЧsmooth,ЧisЧabsolutelyЧneatЧtoЧabsoluteЧptoximity.Ч
SmootbϞ spaceϞ andϞ sttiatedϞspace-nomadϞ spaceϞ andϞsedentatyϞspace-tbeϞ
spaceϞinϞwbicbϞtbeϞwatϞmacbineϞdevelopsϞandϞtbeϞspaceϞinstitutedϞbyϞtbeϞStateϞ
appatatus-ateϞnotϞolϞtbeϞsameϞnatute.ϞNoϞsoonetϞdoϞweϞnoteϞaϞsimpleϞoppoũ
sitionϞbetweenϞtbeϞ twoϞ kindsϞ olϞspaceϞ tbanϞweϞ mustϞindicateϞaϞmucbϞmoteϞ
complexϞdilletenceϞbyϞvittueϞolϞwbicbϞtbeϞsuccessiveϞtetmsϞolϞtbeϞoppositionsϞ
lailϞtoϞ coincideϞentitely.ϞAndϞnoϞsoonetϞbaveϞweϞdoneϞtbatϞtbanϞweϞmustϞte-
mindϞoutselvesϞtbatϞtbeϞtwoϞspacesϞin˰¸ct˰¸myϞempbasis-|.ϞD. ] ˰existϞonlyϞinϞ
mixtute.ϞsmootbϞspaceϞisϞconstantlyϞbeingϞttanslated,Ϟ ttansvetsedϞintoϞaϞstti-
atedϞspace,ϞsttiatedϞspaceϞisϞconstantlyϞbeingϞtevetsed,Ϟ tetutnedϞtoϞaϞsmootbϞ
spaceϞ. . . . Ϟ 8utϞtbeϞdeϞlactoϞ mixesϞdoϞnotϞptecludeϞaϞde˰¸areġ˰ otϞabsttact,Ϟ disł
tinctionϞbetweenϞtbeϞtwoϞspacesϞ. . . Ϟ itϞ isϞtbeϞ de˰¸are˰ distinctionϞ tbatϞdetet-
minesϞtbeϞlotmsϞassumedϞbyϞaϞgivenϞde˰¸cto˰ mixϞandϞtbeϞditectionϞotϞmean-
ingϞolϞtbeϞmixϞo o o o ŧŪ˰
TheЧauthotityЧdeЧj ute,Чhete,ЧisЧallЧtheЧlessЧauthotizedЧtoЧmakeЧaЧdecisionЧ
since,ЧsnΘ/hsΘsnsΘhandΘitЧtathetЧpettainsЧtoЧoneЧofЧtheЧtwoЧagenciesЧ,sttiatedЧ
powet,ЧandЧoftenЧstateЧpowet)ЧandЧisЧalteadyЧimplicatedЧinЧtheЧptoblematicЧ
oppositionЧ,likeЧaЧdehningЧelementЧinЧtheЧdehnedЧotЧto-be-dehned) ,Ч andЧ
snΘ/hsΘs/hs·ΘhandΘftomЧaЧputelyЧj utidical-phenomenologicalЧpointЧofЧview,Ч
theЧtecoutseЧtoЧexpetienceЧitselfЧshowsЧ thatЧ theЧssnssΘofЧthisЧmixingЧnevetЧ
delivetsЧanythingЧthatЧmightЧbe,ЧdeЧfactoЧotЧdeЧj ute,ЧputeЧandЧfteeЧftomЧtheЧ
saidЧmixtute.Ч
Thetefote,ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧputeЧ concept,Ч notЧanyЧputeЧintuition,ЧofЧcoutse,Ч
notЧanyЧimmediateЧintuitionЧofЧtheЧhaptical.Ч
Nancy,Ч fotЧhisЧpatt,Чdepatts.ЧHeЧdepatts,ЧheЧmatksЧhisЧdepattuteЧ,¨Cot-
pus.ЧAnothetЧDepattute¨ЧisЧaЧchaptetЧtitleЧinЧCs·¸as) .ΘHeЧpattsЧandЧshatesЧ
andЧsepatates,Ч heЧnoЧ doubtЧalsoЧdepattsЧftomЧthisЧfundamentalЧptoblem-
atic,ЧasЧwellЧasЧftomЧthisЧintuitionismЧofЧtheЧcontinuousЧotЧtheЧimmsdia/s,Θ
thisЧ moteЧtadical,Ч moteЧinvincible,Ч moteЧitteptessibleЧintuitionismЧthanЧ
theЧoneЧsimplyЧopposedЧtoЧitsЧconttatyЧ,conceptualism,Чfotmalism,ЧandЧsoЧ
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ r z

lotth) .Ч NancyЧ thusЧ givesЧanothetЧsha·ingΘsa/ΘandЧ¸a·/ingΘolЧtheЧsensesЧtoЧ
think,Ч inЧthisЧplaceЧolЧtheЧlimit,Чs¸Θ¸/a·a/Θlimits, ЧwheteЧthisЧttaditionЧhndsЧ
itsЧtesoutce.ЧMatkingЧandЧ tematkingЧtheЧlimits,Чtathet,Ч heЧspacesЧoutЧtheЧ
continuityЧ olЧthisЧ contactЧ betweenЧ touchi ngЧ andЧ theЧ othetЧ senses,Ч andЧ
evenЧtheЧimmediateЧcontinuityЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧtouchingЧitsell,Ч ilЧoneЧmayЧ
sayЧso-theЧ touchingЧheЧ willЧ tecallЧ asЧ ¨local,Ч modal,Ч ltactal . ¨Ч Latet,Ч inЧ
Cs·¸asΘŞr))z) ,ΘaftetЧ|nsΘ¸snsésΘ ¸nisΘŞi
))
o) ,ΘitЧisЧonЧtheЧsubʑectЧolЧ¨exsctip-
tion, ¨ЧolЧteading,ЧandЧpteciselyЧolЧtouchingЧasΘteading,ЧotЧteadingЧasΘtouch-
ing,Ч thatЧ theЧ ¨ptivilegeЧgivenЧ toЧ immediacy¨Ч willЧ hndЧ itsellЧhtmlyЧchal-
lenged,ЧandЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧevokedЧtheЧinexotableЧttaditionЧolЧthisЧptivilege,Ч
itsЧinvincibleЧcompulsion, ЧandЧtheЧendlessЧtesistanceЧitЧwillЧkeepЧopposingЧ
toЧanЧintetminableЧanalysis. ЧWhileЧNancy,ЧonЧtheЧconttaty.Ч
. . . ˰,here,˰see,Ϟtead,Ϟtake,Ϟ¨ HocϞestϞenimϞcotpusϞmeum¨Ϟ . . . Ϟ ) . ϞOlϞallϞwtiting,ϞaϞ
bodyϞ isϞ tbeϞ lettet,Ϟ andϞ yetϞ nevetϞ tbeϞ lettet̖Ϟ ot,Ϟ moteϞ temote,Ϟ moteϞ decon-
sttuctedϞ tbanϞ allϞ litetality,Ϟ aϞ ¨lettticity¨Ϟ tbatϞ |sϞ noϞ longetϞlotϞ teading.Ϟ TbatϞ
wbicbϞolϞaϞwtiting-ƧŐĿƧcŐΠϞolϞit-isϞnotϞlotϞteading,ϞtbatƊsϞwbatϞaϞbodyϞis. Ϟ
,OtϞweϞcleatlyϞbaveϞtoϞundetstandϞteadingϞasϞtbatϞwbichϞisϞnotϞdecipbeting,Ϟ
butϞ tatbetϞ toucbingϞ andϞ beingϞ toucbed,Ϟ bavingϞ toϞ doϞ witbϞ bodyϞmassϞ andϞ
bulk.ϞWtiting,Ϟteading,ϞaϞtactlulϞallait.Ϟ 8utϞtbeteϞagainȢandϞtbis,Ϟtoo,ϞbasϞtoϞ
beϞcleat-onlyϞuponϞ tbeϞconditionϞtbatϞtactϞ doesϞ notϞconcenttate,Ϟ doesϞ notϞ
layϞclaim-asϞDescattes'sϞtoucbingϞdoes-toϞtbeϞ¸rici/ege˰gicen˰to˰ immediaçġ˰
wbicbϞwouldϞbtingϞaboutϞtbeϞlusionϞolϞallϞ tbeϞ sensesϞandϞolϞ¨sense. ¨ϞToucbing,Ϟ
too,Ϟtoucbing,Ϟhtst,ϞisϞ/oca/,˰ moda/,˰¸acta/. )˰ ,Nancy,Ϟ Co·¸as,˰ p. Ϟ
¸¿¸:sĕ
OnЧ theЧ scoteЧ olЧ/sd¸Θscs/schnics,Θ aЧwotldЧ olЧbodiesЧthatЧ hasЧ noЧsense,Ч
¨neithetЧttanscendentalЧnotЧimmanent,¨ЧCs·¸asΘputsuesЧthisЧdislocationЧolЧ
touch.ЧWithoutЧevetЧlettingЧgoЧolЧhisЧinsistenceЧonЧtheЧtactile-heЧisЧkeenЧ
onЧitЧandЧnevetЧgivesЧ itЧup-NancyЧalwaysЧ associatesЧ it,Ч agains/ΘtheЧcon-
tinuisticЧttaditionЧolЧimmediacy,ЧwithЧtheЧvalueЧolЧapattness,Чdisplacement,Ч
spacing,Ч pattition,Ч patting,Ч dividing,Ч otЧshatingЧ out.Ч ¨1heteЧ isЧ noЧ intactЧ
mattet-ilЧtheteЧweteЧtheteЧwouldЧbeЧ nothing.Ч OnЧ theЧconttaty,Ч theteЧisЧ
tactility,ЧposingЧandЧdeposing,ЧtheЧthythmЧolЧtheЧcomingЧandЧgoingЧolЧbod-
iesЧinЧtheЧwotld.Ч1actЧunbound,ЧpattingЧandЧimpattingЧitsell¨Ч,ƾbid. ,Чp. Чroz) .Θ
,OneЧcannotЧbeЧsute,Ч olЧcoutse-evenЧ ilЧheЧwagesЧ aЧbattleЧ againstЧthisЧ
allЧ theЧ time,Ч itЧseemsЧ toЧ me-thatЧNancyЧhitsЧ itЧoll,Ч withЧevetyЧsttoke,Ч
continuallyЧandЧsimply,Ч andЧdodgesЧtheЧcontinuisticЧandЧimmanentistЧpos-
tulationЧaboutЧtheЧ¨smooth¨Ч andЧtheЧ¨bodyЧwithoutЧotgans¨ЧolЧwhichЧweЧ
spokeЧeatliet.Ч ßutЧwhoЧ couldЧhnishЧwithЧthisЧtemptingЧpostulation:ЧAndЧ
ƨ z?Ч IhisΘIs-s¸Θ/hsΘO/hs·Θ
oneЧcanЧalwaysЧaskЧoneselfЧwhyЧthisЧisЧnscsssa·¸. ΘwhatЧotЧwhoЧembodiesЧtheЧ
hguteЧ ofЧthisЧ NecessityЧhete. )Ч
AsЧsoonЧasЧtactilityЧ,likeЧsense,ЧlikeЧtheЧsenses)ЧisЧthusЧsha·sdΘsa/,Θ¸a·/sd,Θ
pattakenЧ of,Ч divided,Ч pattitioned,Чplutalized-inЧaЧwotd,Чs¸ncs¸a/sdΘ fotЧ
shatingЧoutЧisЧaЧsyncopeЧandЧtheЧsyncopeЧaЧshatingЧout-butЧasЧwellЧgivenЧ
toЧothets,Чdisttibuted,Чdispensed,ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧlongetЧanythingЧoneЧcanЧdes-
ignateЧ byЧ usingЧ theЧ genetalЧ singulatЧ ptecededЧ byЧ aЧ dehniteЧ atticleЧ inЧ
ltench.Ч/sΘ/sachs·,Θ ¨the¨Ч touching.Ч1heЧdehniteЧatticleЧinЧgenetal-itselfЧ
andЧptopetly-hƿ ndsЧitselfЧhencefotthЧunemployed,Чpethaps,ЧfotЧanythingЧ
whatsoevet-asЧweЧweteЧj ustЧsayingЧaЧmomentЧagoЧaboutЧtheЧwotdsЧmǶms,Θ
¨same, ¨Ч¸·s¸·s,Θ ¨ptopet, ¨ЧandЧ¸·schs,Θ¨ptoximate. ¨ЧßutЧhowЧateЧweЧtoЧwtiteЧ
withoutЧ them,Ч withoutЧ makingЧ believeЧweЧ believe:Ч WithoutЧ eachЧ timeЧ
askingЧtheЧothetЧtoЧ believeЧ inЧthatЧfotЧtheЧspellЧofЧaЧsctatchingЧthatЧwillЧ
comeЧ toЧ signЧ theЧ shated,Ч impattedЧ actЧ ofЧfaith,Ч andЧ shateЧ outЧ ,divide,Ч
wotty,Ч putЧtoЧpieces)Ч theЧactЧofЧfaith,Ч andЧfaithЧ itself:Ч1hisЧisЧhowЧheЧex-
sctibes,Ч fotЧ example-andЧweЧ shallЧ undetstandЧ him. Ч ¨1heteЧ isЧ noЧ ĉthe'Ч
bodyǓЧtheteЧisЧnoЧĉthe'ЧsenseЧofЧtouchǓЧ theteЧisЧnoЧĉthe'Ч ·ssΘsx/snsa.Θ1heteЧisЧ
thatЧtheteЧis.Ч cteationЧofЧtheЧwotld,Ч/schnëΘofЧbodies,ЧlimitlessЧweighingЧofЧ
sense,Ч topogtaphicalЧ cs·¸as,Θ geogtaphyЧofЧmultipliedЧectopias-andЧ noЧ
u-topiʀЧ ,ibid. , Чp.ЧĠО|) .Ч
ltЧisЧalwaysЧtheЧsameЧbteakЧwithЧimmediacyЧandЧtheЧindivisibilityЧofЧtheЧ
continuous.Ч1hisЧ bteakЧisЧ notЧ Nancy's,Ч ptecisely,Ч itЧisЧ notЧ hisЧ decision.Ч ltЧ
takesЧplace.Ч HeЧtecognizesЧ it,Ч weighsЧ it,Ч pondetsЧ it,Ч thinksЧ it.Ч ltЧ isЧ notЧ soЧ
easy.Ч ßutЧ thisЧ bteak,ЧwhichЧ doesЧ notЧ meanЧ thatЧtouchingЧisЧgivenЧaЧleave,Ч
otЧthatЧtheЧptoximateЧis,Ч otЧtheЧnextЧone,Ч otЧtheЧsame,ЧotЧtheЧdehniteЧatti-
cle,ЧandЧsoЧfotth,ЧtesttuctutesЧotЧteintetptetsЧtheseЧsignihcations.ЧltЧwouldЧ
beЧnecessatyЧtoЧquoteЧallЧtheЧpagesЧdedicatedЧtoЧtheЧ¨/schnëΘofЧbodies, ¨ЧbutЧ
lЧhaveЧtoЧ limitЧmyselfЧtoЧthisЧexttactЧpointingЧtoЧtheЧpath,ЧtheЧpathЧofЧan-
othetЧ¨hete¨-¨outs, ¨ЧtheЧheteЧofЧoutЧhistoticЧtime,ЧofЧoutЧnow,ЧofЧoutЧhis-
toticЧbody.Чhs·s,Θ theЧpathЧleadingЧftomЧtheЧdeconsttuctionЧofЧtouchingЧtoЧ
aЧdeconsttuctionЧofЧChtistianity,Ч itsЧbefoteЧasЧwellЧasЧitsЧbeyond.Ч
LcotecbnicsϞdeconsttuctϞtbeϞsystemϞolϞendsϞandϞmakesϞtbemϞnonsystematiz-
able,Ϟnonotganic,ϞevenϞstocbastic.Ϟ . . ˦ Ϟ linally,Ϟarea/it,˰givesϞaϞlawϞandϞmedium,Ϟ
inϞlieuϞolϞaϞttanscendent/immanentϞdialectic,ϞolϞaϞ¸roximit,,˰ botbϞglobalϞandϞ
local-oneϞwitbinϞtbeϞotbet.Ϟ linally,ϞweϞateϞwitbinϞtbeϞtechns˰olϞtbeϞ next˰one,Ϟ
tbeϞĽ//oa.˰
TbeϞ|udeo-Cbtistian-ls|amicϞ¨lellowϞman¨Ϟ tesƣdedϞinϞ tbeϞ¸articaʝr˰andϞtbeϞ
anicersa/Ţŀn˰tbeϞdialectizationϞolϞtbeϞηwo,ϞandϞwitboutϞlail, ϞtbisϞendsϞinϞtbeϞ
Ns/hingΘ/sΘDsΘinΘSigh/Θ r z)Θ
univetsal.Ϟ 8utϞhereǪ˰tbeϞneigbbotlyϞlellowϞisϞnextǩ˰ wbatϞisϞcoming,ϞwbatϞtakesϞ
placeϞinϞapptoacbing,ϞwbatϞtoucbesϞandϞalsoϞsetsϞitsellϞapatt,ϞlocalizingϞandϞdis-
placingϞtbeϞ toucbϞ ¸/a˰toacheż .˰ NeitbetϞnatutalϞnotϞattihcialϞ ,asϞbeϞotϞsbeϞapƄ
peatedϞbyϞtutnsϞuntilϞnow) ,Ϟ tbeϞ¨next¨Ϟ¨lellowϞman¨ϞasϞˏechns˰isϞtbeϞttueϞ¨cte-
ation¨Ϟ andϞ ¨att¨Ϟ olϞoar˰ wotld,Ϟ moteovetϞ subĢectingϞ toϞ tevisionϞ tbeseϞ wotdsϞ
¨cteation¨ϞandϞ¨att,¨Ϟ notϞtoϞmention,Ϟptincipally,ϞtbeϞ ¨next,¨Ϟ ¨neigbbotly¨Ϟ ¨lel-
lowϞman. ¨ϞAndϞsoϞlϞpteletϞtoϞsayϞtbatϞtechns˰isϞt͹eϞtechns˰olϞbodiesϞsbatedϞout,Ϟ
otϞolϞtbeitϞcoĝappeatance,ϞtbatϞis,ϞtbeϞvatiousϞmodesϞolϞgivingϞtiseϞtoϞtbeϞttacĂ
ingsϞolϞatealityϞalongϞwhicbϞae˰are˰ex¸osed˰together-neithɟr˰¸resa¸¸osed˰in˰some˰
other˰Sa/¸ect,˰ notϞ¸os˖osed˰in˰some˰¸artica/ar˰and/or˰anicersa/˰end˰ butϞ tatbetϞ
exposed,Ϟ bandϞ inϞband,Ϟ bodiesϞlaidϞ out,Ϟ sbouldetϞtoϞsbouldet,Ϟ edgeϞtoϞedge,Ϟ
c/ose˰¸r˰no˰/onger˰hacing˰a˰common˰assam¸tion,˰ /at˰onþ,˰ o¸˰oar˰tracings˰¸artes˰
extra˰¸artes,˰ ahat˰is˰ /etaeen-as.˰ ,ibid. ,Ϟpp. Ϟ;¦¦o)
ļЧ believeЧ thatЧ inЧ suchЧ passagesЧ weЧ mustЧ nevetЧ dissociate,Ч onЧ theЧ oneЧ
hand,Ч whatЧ touchesЧ uponЧ technicsЧ otЧ theЧ ptostheticЧ supplementЧ ,andЧ
whichЧ isЧwhatЧ distinguishesЧ inЧ aЧ detetminingЧwayЧNancyǧsЧ cotpusЧ ftomЧ
othet,Ч moteЧotЧlessЧcontempotaty,Ч discoutsesЧ aboutЧ contact,Ч theЧ¨bodyЧ
ptopet, ¨ЧotЧtheЧ¨Hesh¨)Чand,ЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧhisЧinsistenceЧonЧsepatatάonЧ
thatЧspacesЧ out.Ч NancyЧalmostЧalwaysЧsays,Ч asЧ heЧdoesЧhete,Ч ¨touchedЧandЧ
spacedЧout¨-apattnessЧ inЧ contact,Ч theЧoutsideЧinЧtheЧ insideЧ ofЧcontact.Ч
NancyЧwouldЧthusЧsha·sΘsa/ΘandЧpattЧtheЧsenses,ЧandЧtouching,Чtoo.Ч1heЧ
conditionalЧofЧthisЧ ptopositionЧdoesЧ notЧonlyЧpointЧ toЧ anЧ intetptetativeЧ
hypothesis.Ч itЧttanslatesЧ someЧ conditionalityЧinЧ¨thingsЧ themselves, ¨ ЧtheЧ
obligationЧtoЧteckonЧwithЧtheЧlimitsЧthatЧaЧptevailingЧtendencyЧ,hete,Ч theЧ
intentionЧtoЧ think,Ч attest,Ч andЧtellЧofЧsuchЧaЧshatingЧout)Ч isЧallЧ butЧfotcedЧ
toЧencountetŧfotЧteasonsЧthatЧateЧnotЧcontingent.ЧlotЧitЧcanЧalsoЧhappen,Ч
itЧcanЧmoteovetЧa/aa¸sΘhappen-weЧhaveЧtoЧ insistЧonЧit-thatЧtheЧintu-
itionistic-continuisticЧlogicЧofЧimmediacyЧshowsЧitselfЧtoЧbeЧasЧitteptessibleЧ
asЧ desiteЧ itself,Ч asЧ inttactableЧasЧ languageЧ consttaints,Ч gtammaticalЧ vioʧ
lence,ЧandЧallЧthatЧweЧspokeЧofЧasЧshated-outЧfaithЧaЧmomentЧago,ЧitЧcanЧal-
waysЧhappen,ЧitЧhasЧalwaysЧtoЧbeЧableЧtoЧhappenЧthatЧtheЧpowetЧofЧthisЧlawЧ
tegulatlyЧallowsЧ someЧsymptomsЧtoЧ ctopЧ up,Ч notЧ onlyЧheteЧ andЧ theteЧ inЧ
NancyǧsЧ text,Ч butЧ massivelyЧelsewhete,Ч asЧ othetЧquotationsЧhaveЧ latelyЧ te-
mindedЧus.Ч
1hisЧpattingЧandЧshatingЧcanЧbeЧttackedЧfollowingЧtheЧttace,ЧandЧds/sa·,Θ
ofЧtheЧothetЧ,wayЧofЧsense) .Ч SuchЧaЧttaceЧ,butЧheЧdoesЧnotЧsayЧitЧlikeЧthisŀ
notЧhe)ЧwouldЧsufhceЧtoЧsubttactЧsense,ЧtheЧsenses,ЧtheЧsensesЧofЧsense,ЧtheЧ
expetienceЧofЧsenseЧandЧofЧtheЧshatingЧoutЧandЧpattingЧofЧtheЧsenses,ЧftomЧ
r ) ĘΘ IhisΘIs-s¸Θ /hsΘO/hs·Θ
anyЧ soveteigntyЧ ofЧ¸·sssncs,Θ immediacy,Ч theЧ ptopetЧ andЧ theЧ ptoximate.Ч
Nothing,Ч noЧ ptesenceЧwhatsoevet,Ч withoutЧaЧ detoutƍЧ NoЧ logicЧofЧsense,Ч
andЧnotЧevenЧaЧlogicЧofЧtouch,ЧnotЧevenЧanЧulttatactileЧhaptics,ЧwouldЧthenЧ
yield,Ч itЧseemsЧtoЧme,Ч toЧanЧontologyЧofЧptesenceЧ ,ifЧoneЧstillЧdatesЧuseЧthisЧ
pleonasm) ƍЧ
HenceЧtheЧneedЧfotЧtheЧ/sngΘds/sa·ΘstillЧawaitingЧusƍЧ͝eЧ tutnЧandЧgoЧcon-
tinuallyЧftomЧdetoutЧtoЧ detout,Ч ftomЧoneЧ ¨tutn¨Ч towatdЧothetЧ ¨tutns¨Ч andЧ
twistsЧofЧtouchЧ ,touchingЧi/ss{ΘandЧ¸·s¸s·qΘs¸sa/ing-ƬbȊĎbΘisЧnoЧlongetЧ
sayabƚe,ЧasЧlЧhaveЧlatelyЧindicatedЧ ¸inЧnƍЧ z·} ) . Θ
, NoϞ doubt,Ϟ aϞvetyϞlongϞdetoutϞ sbouldϞ beϞ madeϞ bete.Ϟ WbatϞ olϞtbeϞ sbatingϞ
¸¸artageɀ˰ olϞtbeϞsensesķϞ. . . Ϟ CanϞtbeyϞbeϞleltķϞDoϞtbeyϞleelϞtbatϞtbeyϞcan'tϞbeķā
lsϞtbeteϞaϞputityϞolϞeacbϞsense,ϞotϞwouldϞtbeteϞbeϞnoϞvisionϞwitboutϞaϞttaceϞolϞ
toucb,ϞnoϞtoucbϞwitboutϞaϞttaceϞolϞtaste,ϞandϞsoϞonķ-lsϞtbeteϞaϞlanguageϞwitb-
outϞaϞttaceϞolϞoneϞotϞtbeϞ otbetķϞ 8utϞ tbenƖϞ bowϞateϞtbeϞsensesϞsbatedϞwitbϞte-
gatdϞtoϞ attķϞ HowϞcouldϞ oneϞlailϞtoϞobsetveϞtbatϞtbeϞtbteeϞsensesϞdevoidϞolϞattϞ
¨ptopet¨-touch,Ϟsmell,Ϟ andϞtaste-ateϞalsoϞ¨mostϞptopetly¨ϞtbeϞsensesϞolϞsen-
sual loveķϞ ¸aϞdoubleϞ¨obsetvation¨ϞtbatϞlϞamϞtemptedϞtoϞcomplicate,ϞbutϞitϞdoesϞ
notϞmattetϞbeteϞ. . . Ϟ Ĵ|.ϞD. ¦ -AndϞtbeϞ¨wideϞmoutb,ϞtedϞandϞwbite, ¨ϞsoϞcloseϞ
toϞ tbeϞnosttils,ϞisϞitϞnotϞptecisely,ϞtbeitϞlocusϞinϞtbeϞpoemķϞ. . . Ϟ )Ϟ
LaugbtetϞ butstsϞ atϞtbeϞmultipleϞlimitϞolϞtbeϞsensesϞandϞolϞlanguage,Ϟuncetϓ
tainϞolϞtbeϞsenseϞtoϞwbicbϞitϞisϞoǶetedȞtoϞtbeϞsigbtϞolϞ colot,ϞtoϞtbeϞtoucbϞolϞtbeϞ
moutb,Ϟ toϞ tbeϞbeatingϞolϞtbeϞ butst,Ϟ andϞ toϞ tbeϞ senseϞwitboutϞmeaningϞolϞitsϞ
ownϞvoice.Ϟ LaugbtetϞisϞtbeϞŧ oyϞolϞtbeϞsenses,ϞandϞolϞsense,ϞatϞtbeitϞlimit.Ϟ lnϞ tbisϞ
ŧoy,Ϟ tbeϞsensesϞtoucbϞeacbϞ otbetϞandϞtoucbϞlanguage,ϞtbeϞtongueϞinϞtbeϞmoutb.Ϟ
8utϞtbisϞtoucbϞitsellϞputsϞspaceϞbetweenϞtbem.ϞTbeyϞdoϞ notϞpenettateϞoneϞan-
otbet,ϞtbeteϞisϞnoϞ¨att, ¨ϞstillϞlessϞaϞ¨total¨Ϟatt.Ϟ 8utϞneitbetϞisϞtbeteϞ¨laugbtet,¨ϞasϞ
aϞsublimeϞttutbϞwitbdtawnϞltomϞattϞitselţϞTbeteϞateϞonlyϞpealsϞolϞlaugbtetϞ .Ϟ
.Ϟ .Ϟ ˧Ϟ ¨tbeϞ commonϞamongϞmen¨Ϟ andϞwbatϞ isϞ commonϞ toϞ men,Ϟ wbatϞ tbeyϞ
sbateϞaboveϞallϞelse-andϞinϞwbicbϞtbeyϞateϞsbatedϞoutĴisϞbeingϞinϞtbeϞwotldϞ
byϞwayϞolϞtbeϞdilletenceϞolϞtbeϞsenses,Ϟ tbeϞdilletencesϞolϞsense.Ϟ 8eingϞinϞtbeϞ
wotldϞbyϞsttokes,Ϟ byϞbutsts,ϞbyϞsbakesϞolϞtbytbmϞandϞdispetsionϞolϞtbymes,ϞbyϞ
aϞbatsbϞdanceϞandϞtbeϞdelicaciesϞolϞlava-byϞaϞcettainϞdeatb,ϞanϞinconceivableϞ
stat,ϞandϞtbeϞlooseϞgtaceϞolϞaϞgitlϞsbakingϞwitbϞlaugbtet.ė̅Ϟ
lsyche'sЧOthetɖЧ pethapsƍЧ
TheЧoneЧwhoseЧmoutningЧhasЧ toЧbeЧwotn,Ч byЧeithetЧoneЧandЧboth.Ч lnЧ
oneselfЧandЧitselΌЧ
A/Θ/hisΘ¸sin/,Θ m¸Θ discsa·ssΘaasΘsha¸ingΘa¸Θ /ad͖ΘandΘs·s·¸/hingΘa/·sad¸Θ
hadΘ/sΘ/sΘs/a·/sdΘs·s·Θ¸ısmΘ/hsΘ/sginningŨΘ IįΘss///sΘ¸·s·s·ΘinΘ/hsΘ ¨/sngΘ
ńs/saͭΘ"ΘAnΘsnń/sssΘcsn/·s/sm¸sʫΘI'·sΘha·ńµΘ/a/snΘaΘsing/sΘs/s¸,ΘandΘhsɣΘ
a/·sad¸Θ·anningΘahsadΘs¸Θms,Θ ns·s·Θsa/Θs¸Θ/·sa/h,Θ /sachingΘandΘ·s/sachingΘ
hisΘ/sx/,Θ /axingΘm¸Θ /s/a/sdnsssΘinΘań·ancsΘ vha/ΘaΘhsa·/ȼΘBs//s·Θ/hanΘminsΘ
IΘma//īµΘ/hsΘ·sndsz·sas,Θ /a/Θa/ΘIΘsha·sΘai/hΘhimΘisΘ/hsΘ ¸a/i/a/isnΘs¸Θ
anach·snism.Θ IįachingΘhimȽΘHsaΘisΘ snsΘ/sΘ /sachΘhim,Θs/i/·ΘAndΘhsaΘisΘ
snsΘns/Θ/sΘ/sach-/hsΘ/·a/h·ΘAndΘhsaΘisΘsnsΘ/sΘ/sach-snsΘans/hsƦDŽΘ
sa·ss/·ss·ΘOnsΘandΘ/hsΘs/hs·Θa/Θ/hsΘsamsΘ/ims·Θ
IhsΘnscsssi/¸Θs¸Θ/s/ingΘaΘs/s·¸Θha·ingΘ/sΘdsΘai/hΘ/hisΘaʼnc/ΘandΘ/hisΘ
aʼnc/isn,Θ /hsΘcsm¸s/ingΘa·gsΘ/sΘ¸·s/sndΘsnsΘisΘ¸·sʼn·ingΘaΘ¸//s,Θ andΘ
csns/an/µΘ/sΘ/sginΘs·s·Θagain,Θs/smsΘnsΘdsa//Θ ¸ısmΘ/hisΘim¸sssi//sΘa/iancsΘ
s¸csn/ac/ΘandΘ/hsΘs¸ncs¸s.Θ IhǾΘsas¸sndΘ/hsΘ¸·scsssΘinΘsima//ansi/ȰΘ /a/Θ
/hs¸Θa/ssΘin/s··a¸/Θ/hsΘs¸nch·sn¸Θ¸·smissdΘ/¸Θ aΘ/sach,Θ /¸Θ /hsΘaʼnc/Θs¸ΘaΘ
¨ss¡/saching"Θahich,Θ/i/sΘ/hsΘimagina/isn,Θ canΘ snµΘ¸s/Θi/ss{Θ/¸Θ¸s/ingΘ
¨i/sΘsanΘ¸sas·/sssnsss.Θ"Θ(masingΘhisΘas·ds,Θ again)Θ
IhsΘ¸sas·Θs¸Θ¸sas·/sssnsss,Θ /hsΘ¸sssi/i/i/¸Θs¸Θ/hsΘim¸sssi//s.Θ
SsΘIΘ/sganΘagain,Θ andΘIΘa/·sad¸Θ/nsaΘ/ha/ΘIΘsha/Θ¸·scssdΘhs·sΘsnµΘ/¸Θ aΘ
ss·issΘs¸Θ/angsn/s.Θ vi/Θi/Θ/sΘnscsssa·¸Θ/sΘ/s/Θ/hsΘahs/sΘhis/s·¸Θs¸Θ¸hi/sss¸h¸Θ
andΘa¸¸sndΘaΘcsn¸dingΘ¸ss/sc·i¸/·ΘCan'/ΘasΘa·i/sΘan¸/hingΘai/hsa/ΘaΘs/s·ΊɸΘ
ai/hsa/ΘaΘs/iƣɷΘ s¸s/ingΘ/·sa//sΘinΘ/hsΘnamsΘs¸Θ/hsΘhis/sʹΘs¸Θ¸hi/sss¸h¸·Θ
AΘ/angsn/Θ/sachssΘaΘ/insΘ s·ΘaΘsaƧcsΘ/a/Θai/hsa/Θc·sssingΘi/,Θ ai/hsa/ΘaΘ
ȫasΘin/s·ssc/isn,Θ /hasΘinΘaΘ/indΘs¸Θim¸s·/insn/Θ¸s·/insncs.ΘI/Θ/sachssΘsnµΘ
snsΘ¸sin/,Θ /a/ΘaΘ¸sin/ΘisΘns/hing,Θ /ha/Θis,Θ aΘ/imi/Θai/hsa/Θds¸/hΘs·ΘsaƧcs,Θ
an/sacha//sΘs·snΘ/¸Θ aa¸Θs¸ΘaΘ¸ga·sΘ Sa¸¸sssΘsnsΘas·sΘ/sΘ·sachΘ/hs·s,Θ aha/Θ
asa/dΘgi·sΘsnsΘ/hsΘ·igh/Θ/sΘ /sachΘi/·Θ
M¸ im¸s·/insncsΘai/Θ/sΘm¸Θ/ac/.ΘA/ssΘm¸Θaa¸Θs¸ΘgsingΘs̑ΘsnΘaΘ/angsn/,Θ
ssΘ /sΘs¸sa/,Θ ssΘ asΘ /sΘ s/adsΘahi/sΘ¸/a¸ingΘaΘ/i//̀s,Θ /i/sΘssmssnsΘs/·aȅ/ingĆΘ
HsaΘisΘsnsΘ/sΘa·sidΘanΘ im¸sssi//sΘ/as/,Θ ns/Θ/sΘacqai/Θsnsss{Θs¸Θ/ssΘ hsa·¸ΘaΘ
ds//·ΘIΘasa/dΘ/i/sΘ/sΘ/hin/Θ/ha/Θ/hsΘs/s·¸Θs¸Θ/hsΘ/a·sqasΘcsm¸ssi/isn,Θ andΘ
/hsΘ ¸aan/sdΘ/as/sΘ¸·Θds/i·isasΘ¸·sȀțsisn,ΘisΘa-ca/a/a/sdΘ/a/Θsm/a··asssd,Θ
¸ƞ¸Ȁț/ΘandΘs/asi·s-·ss¸snssΘ/sΘ /hsΘa¸s·iasΘs¸Θ/ac/Θ
IhsΘ¸·scsdingΘa/·sad¸ΘhadΘsnµΘaΘ/angsn/ia/Θ·s/a/isnΘ/sΘ /hsΘas·/ΘandΘ/hsΘ
cs·¸asΘs¸ΘNanc¸ĆΘ Ba/ΘI¸//Θ/hsΘnssd-/hsΘda/ȰΘ inΘ/·a/h-/sΘd·aaΘaΘss·issΘ
s¸Θs/hs·Θ/angsn/s.Θ

P / Hĕ Jĕ lĕ |ĕ
£xem¸/ar, Stortes o] t|e ¨I/es|"
Ďĕ
§ ¸ +an_cnt !
Hcnd c¸ Mcn, Hcnd c¸ Ccd
NothingЧ toЧ teachЧ|eanēLucЧ Nancy,Ч ofЧ coutse,Ч andЧ nothingЧ toЧ makeЧ
knownЧtoЧ him.Ч HowЧcouldЧlЧ ptetendЧtoЧgive,ЧandЧgiveЧtoЧ thinkЧanything,Ч
toЧ oneЧofЧthoseЧ thinketsЧ inЧwhoseЧ ptoximityЧitЧisЧ alwaysЧ bettetЧtoЧ holdЧ
one'sЧtongueЧandЧlendЧanЧeat:ЧlЧwanted,ЧwithoutЧtellingЧhimЧanything,ЧatЧ
leastЧtoЧ/oachΘhim.ΘßutЧnotЧwithoutЧtact,ЧftomЧaЧtespectfulЧdistance.Ч
And,Ч ifЧitЧwasЧstillЧnecessatyЧtoЧtellЧhimЧsomething,Ч thatЧitЧbeЧaЧsottЧofЧ
sectet.Ч somethingЧconhdedЧotЧconfessedЧthat,ЧwithoutЧteachingЧhimЧany-
thing,Ч withoutЧ btingingЧ anythingЧ toЧ hisЧ awateness,Ч especiallyЧ notЧ theЧ
ttuth,ЧwouldЧhaveЧhadЧasЧeffectЧtoЧ/oachΘhim.Θ
ßutЧwithЧtact.Ч1oЧ touchЧ himЧwithoutЧmovingЧhim. Ч
1oЧ impattЧtoЧ him, ЧasЧitЧwete-butЧwithoutЧsayingЧotЧannouncingЧ toЧ
himЧanythingЧthatЧobtains. Ч1oЧ impattЧtoЧhim-allЧbutЧnothing.ЧAЧques-
tionЧofЧtact.Ч1oЧ¸a·/a/sΘandЧshateЧwithЧhim,ЧasЧ heЧwouldЧsay,Ч inЧthisЧim-
pattedЧannouncement,Ч inЧsomethingЧthatЧtouchesЧhim. ЧWithoutЧbothet-
ingЧhim,ЧwithoutЧimpottuningЧhimЧwithЧmyЧdemonsttationsЧofЧadmitingЧ
ftiendship,ЧalmostЧimpetceptibly,Ч intangibly.Ч
lЧ senseЧbutЧlЧ stillЧ doЧ notЧknowЧ whatЧ touch,Ч toЧ touchЧhimЧ Ń/sΘ/oachs·}Θ
means-lЧknowЧitЧ lessЧandЧless.ЧOfЧcoutse,ЧlЧ cannotЧimpattЧthis-touchķ
ingЧhim-andЧmakeЧ itЧknownЧtoЧ himЧ andЧshateЧ it,ЧexceptЧbyЧ touchingЧ
touch,ЧandЧthetefoteЧbyЧtouchingЧuponЧtheЧquestionЧotЧtheЧpleaЧofЧtouch,Ч
whichЧthemselvesЧoughtЧtoЧtouchЧ¸s·/insn/µΘonЧtheЧtheme,ЧthatЧis,ЧonЧtheЧ
ssnssΘofЧtouch.Ч HowЧisЧoneЧtoЧtouch,ЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧtheЧssnssΘofЧtouch:Ч
Shouldn'tЧtheЧsenseЧofЧtouchЧtouchЧus,ЧfotЧsomethingЧtoЧcomsΘa/oa/ΘatЧlastЧ
-anЧevent,ЧasЧsomeЧsay,Ч aЧlittleЧtitesomely,ЧaЧsinƘ/a·Θs·sn/Θ,Ł Ɋ) ,Ч /Ǽ·sΘanyЧ
constativeЧstatement,Ч anyЧpetfotmativeЧmastetingЧactЧotЧconvention,Чbe˹
1}

Ġxsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
foteЧanyЧeventЧ thatЧweЧwouldЧstillЧptoduceЧbyЧwayЧofЧanЧactЧofЧlanguageЧ
andЧonЧtheЧbackgtoundЧofЧaЧfoteseeableЧhotizon,Чs·snΘ/̆·sΘweЧ touchЧit,Ч
otЧpethaps,Ч ifЧitЧdoesЧnotЧanticipateЧȈnЧthisЧfashion,ЧthenЧa/Θ/hsΘsamsΘ/imsΘ
atЧwhichЧweЧtouchЧit,Ч asЧifЧtheЧ ideaЧitselfЧofЧsimultaneity,Ч evenЧcontinuity,Ч
weteЧ botnЧ fotЧ theЧ htstЧ timeЧ inЧ contactЧ withЧ theЧ contactЧ betweenЧ twoЧ
pointsЧofЧcontact̪Ч1angentially:Ч
Shsa/dΘsnsΘha·sΘ/sachingΘpowetЧ,toЧtouchЧhim) : ϓ ЧOtЧ/aaghΘ touching,Ч asЧ
heЧwould,Чpethaps,ЧalsoЧsay:Ч
,AsЧ fotЧ me,Ч l 'dЧ leanЧ towatdЧ sayingЧ ¨weep¨Ч touching.Ч toЧ weep,Ч toЧ ctyЧ
,fot)ЧitğЧßutЧlЧsenseЧthatЧitЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧsameЧthingğЧWeЧ agteeЧwhenЧ
itЧcomesЧtoЧsheddingЧteatsЧofЧlaughtet,ЧfotЧthisЧ¨touch, ¨ЧthisЧpootЧdeatĶ
dissociated,ЧspacedЧout,ЧsevetedЧftomЧitself,ЧinЧaЧwotdğ)Ч
ltomЧnowЧon,Чƹ'llЧletЧthisЧfotmulaЧûʘ oatЧbetweenЧitsЧtwoЧsenses,ЧespeciallyЧ
atoundЧtheЧvalueЧofЧenablingЧ¸sas·Θ,possibility,Чfaculty,Чsoveteignty) ,ЧwhichЧ
heteЧandЧelsewheteЧisЧnotЧlessЧptoblematicЧthanЧtheЧvalueЧofЧtouch.Ч toЧhaveЧ
/hsΘ¸sas·ΘtoЧtouchЧhim,ЧtoЧbeЧcapableЧofЧtouchingЧhim,ЧandЧtoЧhaveЧ¨touch-
ing¨Чpowet,ЧtheЧca¸a/i/i/¸ΘfotЧtouch,Ч¸s/sn/qΘtoЧbeЧwithЧthisЧsingulatЧsenseЧ
thatЧisЧcalledЧtouch.ЧPs/sn/Θ_snΘ¸aissancs} ,ΘinЧtheЧdoubleЧsenseЧofЧtheЧfotceЧofЧ
powetЧ,thatЧis,Чfteely,Чsoveteignly)ЧandЧofЧtheЧindehnitelyЧtesetvedЧvittuality,Ч
inЧ tetteat,Ч ofЧdanamis.Θ l' llЧleaveЧthisЧindecisionЧopenЧbecauseЧwhatЧlЧwouldЧ
likeЧtoЧ attain-him,Ч ifЧyouЧlike-isЧ thisЧ possibility,Ч touchingЧ ,it) ,Ч allЧ theЧ
whileЧ meditatingЧwithЧ him,Ч simultaneously,Ч onЧwhatЧ touching,Ч touching-
powet,Ч¨is¨ЧotЧwhatЧitЧ¨does¨ЧtoЧ,tell)ЧtheЧttuthğЧ
WouldЧtheteЧbeЧsynchtonʤЧanЧideaЧofЧsynchtonʤЧandЧinЧgenetalЧsomeЧͶ΋nLj,Θ
thetefoteЧaЧvetyЧideaЧofЧptesence,Чptesentation,ЧandЧtheЧauto-ptesentationЧofЧ
ptesence,Ч ifЧweЧ csaďΘns/Θ/sachΘi/,Θ ĪΘasΘas·sΘ ns/Θca¸a//sΘs¸Θ/hisΘ·s·¸Θ/hing,Θ
/sachingΘ´i/)`ΘHeЧsaidЧinЧtheЧpassageЧcitedЧeatliet.Ч toЧ ptesentЧisЧtoЧmakeЧsenħ
sible,ЧandЧsensibilityЧequalsЧtheЧtouchingЧofЧtheЧlimit,ЧtouchingЧtheЧlimit,ЧatЧ
theЧlimitğ 'ЧWhatЧdoesЧthisЧmean:Ч
1ouchingЧpowet.Ч ¨pouvoit¨Ч/sΘ ¨touchetğ¨ЧLsΘ/sachs·.ΘtoЧtouchЧ́ toЧtouchЧ
itЧ,him) .ЧtoЧbeЧcapableЧofЧit,ЧtoЧhaveЧtheЧpotentialЧotЧpowetğЧNotЧsimplyЧtoЧ
touchЧthisЧotЧthat,ЧfotЧexampleЧhimЧ ,/sΘ* petsonalЧptonounЧanswetingЧtheЧ
questionЧ ¨who, ¨Ч whileЧ waitingЧ fotЧ theЧ ptopetЧ name-hete,Ч |ean-LucЧ
Nancy) ,ЧbutЧtoЧbeЧcapableЧofЧthatЧvetyЧthing,ЧthisЧcommonЧthingЧtetmedЧ
¨/sΘtouchet,¨ЧthatЧis,Ч¨touching,¨Ч¨touch,¨ЧaЧnounЧptecededЧ,inЧltench)Ч byЧ
theЧdehniteЧatticle,Ч¨/sΘtouchet¨-noЧlongetЧ¨who, ¨ЧthisЧtime,Ч butЧ¨what¨,Ч
noЧlongetЧtheЧpetsonalЧptonounЧbutЧtheЧdehniteЧatticleğЧ1oЧ beЧcapableЧofЧ
Ingsn/ΘI Ÿ ) /Θ
touch,ЧthusЧsimultaneouslyЧofЧ thatЧcontactЧwithoutЧwhich,Чhypothetically,Ч
theЧ ideaЧitselfЧofЧtheЧ sima/ΘwouldЧneverЧhaveЧ beenЧbornЧinЧ us,Ч /s/assnΘ as.Θ
,lЧ amЧdreamingЧofЧaЧdemonstrationЧ thatЧwouldЧtranslateЧinЧ thisЧ fashionЧ
theЧßerkeleyanЧ logic-oh,Ч marvelousЧ ßerkeley,Ч theЧindisputableЧoneĨĶ
thereЧwhereЧ itЧlinksЧtheЧprivilegeЧofЧtouch,Ч letЧusЧsayЧtheЧprivilegeЧofЧtheЧ
hapticalЧwithЧ regardЧ toЧtheЧoptical,Ч toЧ theЧgroundingЧinЧGod,ЧinЧtheЧlan-
guageЧthatЧGodЧspeaksЧtoЧus,ЧofЧtheЧlanguageЧamongЧusЧandЧofЧtheЧinstitu-
tionЧofЧsignsЧandЧknowledge,ЧofЧeverythingЧthatЧresistsЧdoubtЧandЧmakesЧofЧ
idealismЧsomethingЧotherЧthanЧaЧskepticism.ЧHereЧoneЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧcon-
vokeЧonceЧagainЧtheЧwholeЧtheoryЧofЧthoseЧbornЧblindЧandЧoperatedЧonЧinЧ
theЧseventeenthЧ century,Ч theirЧobsetversЧandЧtheirЧphilosophers.ЧWilliamЧ
CheseldenЧandЧWilliamЧMolyneuxЧandЧDiderot,Ч andЧsoЧmanyЧothers.Ч ße-
tweenЧlranceЧandЧEngland,ЧaЧlongerЧdetourЧstill.Ч lorЧoneЧofЧtheЧthesesЧorЧ
hypothesesЧ ofЧthisЧ bookЧ ,forЧ laughs,Ч ofЧcourse)Ч isЧthatЧsomethingЧ tookЧ
place-anЧaħi·,Θ aЧplot,Ч aЧsortЧofЧconspiracy,Ч aЧphilosophicalЧ intrigueЧofЧ
touch,ЧinЧEurope,ЧalongЧcertainЧboundariesЧ ,moreЧhguresЧofЧtouch)Ч andЧatЧ
theЧ bordersЧ ofЧlrance,Ч betweenЧ lranceЧandЧ England,Ч toЧ whichЧ lЧ j ustЧal-
luded,ЧandЧbetweenЧlranceЧandЧGermany-withЧKantЧandЧHusserlЧonЧoneЧ
side,ЧandЧMaineЧdeЧßiran,ЧRavaisson,Чßergson,ЧMerleauēlonty,ЧandЧDeleuzeЧ
onЧtheЧother-toЧ mentionЧtheЧdeadЧonesЧonlyЧandЧƮeaveЧroomЧforЧallЧtheЧ
borderЧcrossingsЧthroughЧcustoms,ЧforЧconvergences,Чcoincidences,Ч chias-
muses,ЧandЧ¨longЧdetours. ¨ЧDeЧj ure,ЧtheЧquestionЧofЧtouchЧfullyЧbelongsЧtoЧ
theЧhistoryЧofЧtheЧbody,Ч ofЧcourse,Ч andЧ¨myЧbody, ¨Ч asЧ lЧhaveЧsaidЧandЧwillЧ
sayЧitЧagain, ЧtoЧtheЧlegacyЧofЧ¨HocЧestЧenimЧcorpusЧmeum¨,Ч toЧallЧtheЧcul-
turesЧofЧtheЧbody,ЧbutЧalsoЧandЧindissociably,ЧtoЧtheЧhistoryЧofЧEuropeЧmak-
ingЧ itself,Ч whichЧ isЧtoЧ say,Ч perhaps,ЧhavingЧitЧ outЧwithЧ itsЧ ¨Christianity. ¨) Ч
ßutЧhowЧcanЧoneЧstillЧsayЧanythingЧthatЧdoesЧ notЧinЧadvanceЧgetЧsur-
rounded,Чinvested,Чpreoccupied,ЧinЧallЧtheЧhistoricalЧplacesЧofЧtheseЧhguresЧ
ofЧtouch,ЧinЧtheirЧ rhetoricalЧcircle,ЧinЧ theirЧlogicalЧ orЧhermeneuticalЧtwirl-
ingЧaround:Ч
lndeed,Ч thisЧ question-one, Чsingular,Ч acute-belongsЧtoЧ anЧ immenseЧ
familyЧ,resemblances,ЧcommonЧtraits,ЧgeneticЧvariationsЧandЧmutations,Ч
elementaryЧlawsЧofЧkinship) .ЧȯeryЧold,ЧevenЧarchaic,ЧsinceЧitЧhasЧgivenЧriseЧ
overЧtwentyēhveЧcenturiesЧtoЧanЧimmenseЧphilosophicalЧliteratureЧthatЧweЧ
canɔtЧevenЧskimЧhere.Ч
NoЧ doubt,Ч weЧ rememberЧ himЧ saying,Ч ¨aЧ veryЧ longЧ detourЧshouldЧ beЧ
[ |
|
Ġxsm¸ƞ·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ɩF/ssh"Θ
madeЧhete. ¨ЧlnЧ otdetЧtoЧtespondЧtoЧhisЧ invitation,ЧotЧevenЧinj unction,ЧhisЧ
question,Ч pethapsЧ ,¨aЧvetyЧlongЧdetoutЧshouldЧbeЧmadeЧhete.ЧWhatЧofЧtheЧ
shatingЧofЧtheЧsenses:¨) ,ŻЧlЧ shallЧ metely˺timidly,Ч gtopingly-sketchЧ theЧ
ellipsisЧ ofЧsuchЧ aЧ detout.Ч AlongЧ matgins,Ч matches,Ч andЧ boundaties,Ч itЧ
wouldЧ beЧaЧbtiefЧandЧtangentialЧexcutsion,ЧwhichЧtheЧ¨modetnity¨ЧofЧthisЧ
¨Eutopean¨Ч questionЧ ofЧtouchЧ makesЧ inЧ theЧ histotyЧ ofЧphilosophy-aЧ
samplet,ЧinvolvingЧtheЧhandΘbetweenЧltanceЧandЧGetmany.ЧTheЧhand.Ч itЧ
won'tЧbeЧmoteЧ thanЧ aЧ sample,Ч moteЧ otЧlessЧ wellЧ sewn,Ч following,Ч likeЧ aЧ
guidingЧthtead,ЧtheЧcontoutЧofЧtheЧhandЧandЧespeciallyЧofЧtheЧhnget.Ч ltЧwillЧ
onlyЧ beЧ aЧquestionЧ ofЧtecognizingЧwhatЧ thisЧ contout,Ч ¨tout,¨Ч andЧ ¨tutn¨Ч
,theЧlineatЧ dtawingЧofЧthisЧ tunningЧbotdetЧandЧtheЧhguteЧofЧthisЧ ttope)Ч
commands,Чdelimits,ЧandЧcitcumsctibes,ЧandЧyetЧalso,Чpethaps,ЧwhatЧtheseЧ
sameЧsttokesЧ letЧslipЧ awayĥЧ andЧ thusЧvittuallyЧwhatЧ thisЧ ¨medium, ¨ ЧthisЧ
¨contout¨ЧofЧ¨modetn¨Ч thinking-evenЧwhenЧheЧisn'tЧnamedЧotЧcitedЧinЧ
it-couldЧhelpЧusЧtoЧdetetmineЧinЧNancy'sЧwotk,ЧinЧtheЧvetyЧplacesЧwheteЧ
theЧlattetЧexceedsЧotЧdisplacesЧthatЧthinking.Ч
-AndЧinЧanЧasideЧyouЧtellЧyoutself.ЧwhatЧaЧfunny,Чadmiting,ЧandЧgtate-
fulЧsalutationЧyou'teЧaddtessingЧtoЧhim,Ч toЧāean-LucЧNancy.ЧWhatЧaЧpeculiatЧ
wayЧtoЧ ptetendЧyou'teЧtouchingЧhimЧwhileЧactingЧasΘĪΘyouЧwantedЧagainЧ
toЧputЧhisЧlexiconЧaboutЧtouchЧatЧtheЧsetviceЧofЧaЧttadition,ЧotЧwotse,ЧaЧhlia-
tionЧitselŠЧOt,Ч asЧifЧyouЧtemindedЧusЧthatЧthisЧlexiconЧandЧitsЧusageЧshouldЧ
alwaysЧ alteadyЧhaveЧ beenЧ telatedЧ toЧagelesslyЧwell-wotnЧ otЧevenЧusutiousЧ
ways,ЧevenЧifЧweЧlikeЧthat-touching-anew,Чptecisely,ЧwhenЧit'sЧimpossible-
ptohibitedĥЧandЧweЧevenЧloveЧtoЧcallЧthisЧloving-abstaining.ЧWhatЧaЧȻnnyЧ
ptesent,ЧindeedŁЧWhatЧanЧohetingĨЧAltogethetЧasЧifЧatЧtheЧmomentЧofЧcallingЧ
othetsЧsoЧthatЧtheyЧwillЧbecomeЧecstaticЧbefoteЧthisЧgteatЧwotkЧandЧthisЧim-
menseЧphilosophicЧtteatiseЧofЧtouch,ЧyouЧwhispetedЧinЧhisЧeat.ЧNow,Чāean-
Luc,Ч that'sЧquiteЧ enough,Ч giveЧthisЧ wotdЧ back,Ч it'sЧ ptohibited,Ч youЧ heat.Ч
LeaveЧitЧtoЧtheЧancestots,Чdon'tЧmakeЧanyЧcomptomisesЧwithЧit,Чdon'tЧletЧthisЧ
msga/s·i·asΘcontaminateЧyou,ЧandЧonceЧandЧfotЧallЧstopЧusingЧthisЧinctedi-
bleЧvocabulaty,ЧthisЧconceptЧnothingЧcanЧteallyЧvouchЧfot,ЧtheseЧhgutesЧwith-
outЧhguteЧandЧthetefoteЧwithoutЧctedit.ЧDon'tЧkeepЧptetending,ЧasЧtheyЧdo,Ч
don'tЧmakeЧ believe,Ч stopЧ actingЧasЧ ifЧyouЧwantedЧ toЧ makeЧ usЧ believeЧthatЧ
theteЧisЧ somethingЧoneЧcouldЧcallЧtouch,Ч anЧ undetstoodЧthingЧitselfЧaboutЧ
whichЧweЧcouldЧptetendЧtoЧagtee,ЧandЧsayЧsomethingЧnew,ЧinЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧ
whete,ЧinЧtouchingЧuponЧtheЧuntouchable,ЧthisЧthingЧtemainsЧuntouchable.Ч
TouchЧisЧhnitude.Чletiod.ЧStopЧatЧthisЧpoint.ЧHaven'tЧyouЧyoutselfЧsaidЧ¨theteЧ
Iangsn/ΘIΘ r
) )Θ
i s ЧnoЧĉthe'ЧsenseЧofЧtouch¨:Ч͉nowingЧyou,ЧlЧ don'tЧthinkЧthisЧobjectionЧwillЧ
stopЧyou,ЧlЧtellЧmyselŠЧ
-NotЧyou. ЧWouldЧyouЧlikeЧtoЧ touchЧhim, ЧasЧyouЧsay,Ч inЧtheЧwayЧtheЧ
pointЧofЧaЧbuttonedЧtipЧtouches,Ч dutingЧaЧfencingЧduel:ЧAǛso,ЧAmeticansЧ
sayЧ/saché,Θ inЧltench,ЧwithЧaЧfunnyЧaccent,ЧwhenЧaЧpointЧisЧscoted.Ч
-OnЧtheЧconttaty,ЧheteЧwhatЧmattetsЧmostЧofЧallЧtoЧmeЧisЧhisЧsingulat-
ity,Ч hisЧ¨plutalЧsingulatЧbeing, ¨ЧevenЧwhenЧlЧspeakЧofЧtheЧothetsЧtoЧtheЧoth-
ets.Чlt'sЧthisЧabsoluteЧsingulatityЧofЧhisЧsignatuteЧthatЧlЧexettЧmyselfЧinЧtty-
ingЧtoЧattain.Ч
-ĕouЧexettЧyoutself:ЧWhatЧdoesЧthatЧmean:Ч
LetЧusЧstattЧagainЧftomЧwhatЧweЧnicknamedЧeatliet,ЧthatЧis,ЧtheЧeffottЧofЧ
¸·ća/Θsxs·/isnΘ Ń/'Ņņ·csmsn/Ģ .ΘWeЧ wondetedЧwhatЧthisЧnecessatilyЧhniteЧ
expetienceЧofЧ ¸·ċ/Θsxs·/isnΘmayЧsigniƀ.Ч lotce,ЧofЧcoutseЧ ,andЧ evenЧtheЧ
mystetiousЧone-·i·/as,Ч danamis-ƩbatΘ|esus,ЧasЧweЧ tecall,Ч tecognizesЧinЧ
himselfЧwhenЧ someoneЧtouchesЧ him) ,Ч butЧ alsoЧ ¨exettingЧoneself,¨Ч inЧ itsЧ
selfētelation.Ч1hisЧself-telationЧinstitutesЧitselfЧandЧisЧbotnЧtoЧitselfЧasЧexet-
tionЧ atЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧaЧlimitЧcomesЧ toЧ insist,ЧtoЧ ·ssis/,Θ toЧopposeЧ ,it-
self)Ч toЧtheЧeffottЧthatЧthisЧlimitЧlitetallyЧds/s·minss.ΘlЧchoseЧtheЧwotdЧ¨ex-
ettion¨Ч ŃŅņ·csmsn/ĢΘbecauseЧitЧbespeaksЧtheЧeffottЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧlimitЧnextЧ
toЧwhichЧtheЧtendency,Ч theЧtension,ЧtheЧintensityЧofЧaЧh niteЧfotceЧstopsЧ,it-
self) ,ЧexhaustsЧitselȅЧtettactsЧotЧtetteatsЧftomЧitsЧendЧbackЧtowatdЧitself.ЧatЧ
theЧmoment,Ч theЧinstant,ЧwhenЧtheЧfotceЧofЧtheЧeffottЧtouchesЧuponЧthisЧ
limit.Ч ,lЧspokeЧeatlietЧofЧtheЧs/¸sc/i·i/¸Θof being,s)ЧdetetminedЧnotЧonlyЧasЧ
thatЧwhichЧisЧsx¸sssdΘ/Ǽ·sΘtheЧ gaze,ЧbutЧthatЧwhichЧs¸¸ssssΘaΘ·ssis/ancsȵ
toЧtouch.Ч1heЧhandЧ ,beingēbefote-theēhandЧotЧ at-handЧ Ńssasnjƞnjmain} , ΘotЧ
thatЧwhichЧmeetsЧaЧtesistanceЧtoЧmanipulation)ЧmightЧwellЧteconcile,Чcon-
join, ЧandЧadj oinЧtheseЧtwoЧ¸ssi/isna/ΘvaluesЧofЧtheЧobjectivityЧofЧtheЧob-
ject.)ЧEvetyЧthinkingЧofЧeffottЧcomptisesЧatЧleastЧaЧphenomenologyЧofЧh ni-
tude,ЧevenЧif,Ч inЧtheЧcaseЧofЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧandЧespeciallyЧRavaisson,ЧthisЧ
thinkingЧaccommodatesЧtheЧinhniteЧ,willЧotЧputeЧactivity,Чgtace,ЧspititualЧ
fteedom)ЧagainstЧtheЧbackgtoundЧofЧwhichЧaЧhniteЧeffottЧisЧsetЧofŠЧ ßutЧanЧ
effottЧalwaysЧsignsЧaЧh nitude.Ч
ltЧisЧtheteЧpethapsЧ thatЧ touchingЧisЧnotЧaЧsense,Ч atЧ leastЧnotЧoneЧsenseЧ
amongЧothets.ЧAЧh niteЧlivingЧbeingЧcanЧliveЧandЧsutviveЧwithoutЧanyЧothetЧ
senseǓЧandЧthisЧoccutsЧwithЧaЧhostЧofЧanimalsЧthatЧhaveЧnoЧvisionЧ,itЧisЧpos-
sibleЧtoЧbeЧsensitiveЧtoЧlightЧwithoutЧ¨seeing¨) , ЧnoЧheatingЧ,itЧisЧpossibleЧtoЧ
beЧsensitiveЧtoЧsoundЧwavesЧwithoutЧ¨heating¨) ,ЧnoЧtasteЧotЧsenseЧofЧsmellЧ
r|ĘΘ Ġxsm¸/a·¸Θ S/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
answetingЧ theЧ physicalЧ otЧ physio|ogicalЧ modih cationsЧ ofЧ whichЧ theseЧ
¨senses¨ЧateЧtheЧusualЧeffects.ЧßutЧnoЧlivingЧbeingЧinЧtheЧwotldЧcanЧsutviveЧ
fotЧanЧinstantЧwithoutЧtouching,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧsayЧwithoutЧbeingЧtouched.Ч
NotЧnecessati|yЧbyЧsomeЧothetЧlivingЧbeingЧbutЧbyЧsomethingЧ* x.ΘWeЧ canЧ
liveЧwithoutЧseeing,Ч heating,Ч tasting,Ч andЧsme|lingЧ,¨sensing,¨ЧinЧtheЧvisual,Ч
auditoty,Ч gustatoty,Ч andЧolfactotyЧsenses) ,Ч butЧweЧcannotЧsutviveЧ oneЧin-
stantЧwithoutЧbeingЧwithЧcontact,ЧandЧinЧcontact.ЧAtistotleЧsaidЧthisЧvetyЧ
well,ЧasЧcitedЧeatliet.Ч1hatЧisЧwhete,ЧfotЧaЧh niteЧlivingЧbeing,ЧbefoteЧandЧbe-
yondЧanyЧconceptЧofЧ¨sensibility, ¨Ч touchingЧmeansЧ¨beingЧinЧtheЧwotld. ¨Ч
1heteЧisЧnoЧwotldЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧandЧthusЧwithoutЧwhatЧweЧj ustЧtetmedЧ
fotcefulЧexettion. Ч
1hatЧi sЧhowЧƹЧÛ temptedЧtoЧintetptetЧtheЧptivilegeЧthatЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧ
simultaneouslyЧaccotdsЧ toЧ effottЧ ,fotceЧ ¬ limit) ,Ч toЧ tactility,Ч butЧ toЧ theЧ
handЧasЧwell,ЧtheЧ¨otganЧofЧtouch, ¨ЧinЧaЧmoteЧptoblematicЧmodeЧthisЧtime.Ч
HeЧtiesЧtogethetЧwhatЧtheseЧsigniƀЧinЧanЧotiginalЧfashion,ЧevenЧifЧhisЧdis-
coutseЧfotmsЧpattЧofЧanЧimmenseЧcontempotatyЧdebateЧ,theЧfamousЧques-
tion, ЧtaisedЧbyЧMolyneux,Ч Locke,Ч ßetkeley,Ч Condillac,Ч ßuffon, ЧDidetot,ƑЧ
ȯoltaite,ЧtheЧIdés/sgassΘ¸aЧcitc|eЧthatЧinЧadditionЧtoЧCabanisЧandЧDestuttЧdeЧ
1tacyЧ includedЧ GinguenĚ,Ч Daunou, Ч andЧȯo|ney¦ ,Ч ChatlesЧ ßonnet,Ч andЧ
ßatthez,Ч amongЧothets,Ч concetningЧtheЧptoblemsЧofЧthoseЧwhoЧateЧbotnЧ
blind) ,ЧwhichЧwon'tЧbeЧteconsttuctedЧheteǭȤЧSomeЧCattesianЧsoutcesЧofЧtheЧ
sameЧ atgumentЧgoЧ backЧ moteЧ specihcallyЧtoЧtheЧlitstЧDiscoutseЧinЧDes-
cattes'sЧDis¸/·ics,Θ inЧwhichЧheЧcompatesЧtheЧstickЧofЧtheЧblindЧtoЧtheЧ¨ot-
ganЧofЧsomeЧsixthЧsenseЧgivenЧtoЧthemЧinЧplaceЧofЧsight.Ч¨ĭЧAЧGetmanЧstteakЧ
alteadyЧcomesЧtoЧblendЧwithЧtheЧltenchЧotЧAnglo-ltenchЧmediumЧofЧthisЧ
ttadition.ЧƹnЧhisЧMémsi·sΘsa·Θhĕdécsm¸ssi/isnΘdsΘ/aΘ¸snsés,ΘMaineЧdeЧßitanЧ
citesЧSche|lingЧandЧlichte,ЧfollowingЧ|osephЧMatieЧdeЧGĚtando.ɤЧ
OneЧcouldЧsayЧthatЧtheЧ¨ƹnttoduction¨ЧtoЧMaineЧdeЧßitan'sЧIhsΘIn¸asncsΘ
s¸ΘHa/i/ΘsnΘ /hsΘFaca//¸Θ s¸Θ Ihin/ingĜΘ beginsЧ withЧ touching.Ч WhileЧ pto-
posingЧtoЧuniteЧideologyЧwithЧphysiology,ЧßitanЧptetendsЧthatЧheЧisЧfollow-
ingЧaЧphysicist'sЧ exampleЧbyЧnotЧconcetningЧhimselfЧwithЧessencesЧotЧhtstЧ
causes,ЧbutЧonlyЧwithЧ¨effects¨Ч andЧ¨phenomena,¨Ч andЧtheitЧtelationЧandЧ
succession,Ч¨leavingЧbehindЧone,ЧandЧundetЧtheЧveilЧthatЧcovetsЧthem,ЧhtstЧ
causesЧwhichЧshouldЧnevetЧbecomeЧfotЧmanЧobjectsЧofЧ/nsa/sdgs. ŖΘAndЧheЧ
adds.Ч¨WeЧknowЧnothingЧofЧtheЧnatuteЧofЧ ¸·css. Ŗ¨Θ
WeЧknowЧonlyЧtheitЧ¨ehects, ¨ЧandЧfotЧthatЧvetyЧteasonЧitЧisЧpointlessЧtoЧ
seekЧoutЧwhatЧtheЧsoulЧisЧandЧhowЧitЧcanЧbeЧunitedЧwithЧtheЧbody.Ч¨lhysi-
calЧscienceЧdoesЧnotЧconcetnЧitselfЧwithЧessences-whyЧshouldЧmetaphysics:Ч
Iangsn/ΘŹΘ
ltЧ isЧ outЧintimateЧ senseЧ thatЧ mustЧ leadЧ usЧ andЧ notЧ theЧ falseЧglimmetЧ ofЧ
imaginationЧotЧabsttactЧmethods. ¨ϔ NJЧ
1oЧ beЧsute,ЧitЧi sЧaЧlimitedЧanalogy,ЧbutЧitЧisЧcettaȊnlyЧanalogousЧtoЧaЧKant-
ianЧotЧHussetlianЧ gestute.Ч OneЧstattsЧwithЧaЧteceivedЧimptession,ЧotЧsensa-
tion,ЧaЧwotdЧheldЧtoЧbeЧsynonymousЧwithЧitЧhete.Ч ¨ptimatyЧfaculty¨ЧofЧtheЧ
¨otganicЧlivingЧbeing¨Ч _/'c/·sΘs·ganiséΘ·i·an/¦ .ΘEachЧofЧtheseЧwotdsЧcountsŀ
otiginatity,Ч theЧlifeЧofЧtheЧliving,ЧotganicЧotЧotganizedЧfacultyЧ,asЧwellЧasЧot-
gan) .Ч Now,Ч ifЧimptessionsЧateЧdividedЧintoЧactiveЧandЧpassive,Ч mototЧandЧ
sensitive,ЧifЧtheЧactivityЧandЧdistinctionЧofЧtheЧsgsΘimmediatelyЧconnectЧwithЧ
mototЧ activity,Ч then,Ч ftomЧaЧphenomenalЧotЧphenomenologicalЧpointЧofЧ
view,ЧtheЧtwoЧtypesЧofЧimptessionЧcannotЧbeЧdisentangled.ЧAndЧthisЧwouldЧ
hingeЧ onЧ theЧ ¨natuteЧ ofЧoutЧ otganization, ¨Ч eithetЧ necessatilyЧotЧcontin-
gently,Ч butЧ inЧanyЧcaseЧstattingЧftomЧaЧ¸c/ΘwithЧwhichЧoneЧmustЧbegin.Ч
¨suchЧisЧtheЧditectЧcottespondence,Ч theЧintimateЧconnectionЧwhichЧexistsЧ
betweenЧ theЧtwoЧfacultiesЧofЧfeelingЧandЧmoving,ЧthatЧtheteЧisЧalmostЧ noЧ
imptessionЧwhichЧdoesЧnotЧtesultЧftomЧtheitЧmutualЧco-opetationЧandЧwhichЧ
isЧnotЧconsequentlyЧactiveЧinЧoneЧsituationЧandЧpassiveЧinЧanothet¨Ч ,MaineЧ
deЧßitan,ЧŹn¸asncsΘs¸ΘHa/i/,Θp. Ч
·
é) . Θ
1heЧwotdЧ¨almost¨ЧstandsЧoutЧ,ɍalmostЧnoЧimptession¨) . ЧAlthoughЧi t ЧisЧ
difhcultЧtoЧhtЧanЧexampleЧinЧthisЧcategotyЧofЧtheЧexceptionalЧ,thatЧis,ЧputeЧ
activityЧotЧputeЧpassivity) ,Ч itЧisЧcleatЧthatЧßitanЧtequitesЧthisЧpossibilityЧinЧ
otdetЧtoЧptesetveЧtheЧopetatingЧpowetЧofЧtheЧconceptualЧoppositionЧandЧtoЧ
distinguishЧtheЧ¸·sdsmina/ingΘelementЧinЧeachЧcase.Ч1hisЧlogicЧofЧptedom-
inanceЧmakesЧitЧpossibleЧatЧ onceЧtoЧliftЧ otЧsoftenЧtheЧputeЧconceptualЧop-
positionЧ ,betweenЧ activityЧandЧpassivity-whichЧ CondillacЧwouldЧhaveЧ
tecognized,ЧbutЧthatЧheЧlatetЧfotgotЧsoЧthatЧheЧ¨confuse¸dŽЧ things¨)ЧandЧtoЧ
inttoduceЧaxiomaticsЧofЧfotceЧandЧehott,Ч notЧfotceЧasЧ causeЧinЧitselfЧbutЧ
fotceЧinЧitsЧphenomenalЧ¸ c/s.ΘWhatЧwillЧbeЧcalledЧ¨sensation¨Ч isЧtheЧmss/Θ
passiveЧimptessionЧ,wheteЧ¨feelingЧ¸·sdsmina/ssΘupЧtoЧaЧcettainЧpoint¨Ч ¸myЧ
emphasis-|.Ч D. Ž Ч andЧwheteЧ¨theЧ movementЧwhichЧoccutsЧwithЧ itЧisЧasЧ
nothing¨ .Ч ¨asЧnothing, ¨Ч andЧnotЧnothing)Ч andЧwhatЧwillЧbeЧtetmedЧ¨pet-
ception¨ЧisЧtheЧimptessionЧwheteЧ¨movementЧ/a/ssΘ/hsΘa¸¸s·ΘhandΘ_¸·sndΘ
/sΘdsssas¦ŕΘ ,myЧemphasis-|.Ч D. ) . ЧThetefote,Ч theteЧisЧalwaysЧaΘ¸a·/ΘofЧac-
tivityЧandЧaΘ¸a·/ΘofЧpassivity,Ч thoughЧnowЧtheЧoneЧtakesЧ theЧ uppetЧhand,Ч
nowЧtheЧothetЧptedominates.ЧDiffetentialЧofЧfotceЧotЧhegemony.ЧMaineЧdeЧ
ßitanЧthenЧptoposesЧ toЧexamineЧtheЧotganizationЧofЧtheseЧtwoЧpatts,Ч feel-
ingЧandЧmovement,Ч inЧtheЧexetciseЧofЧ¨eachЧofЧoutЧsenses, ¨ЧandЧheЧbeginsЧ
withЧtheЧ¨otganЧofЧtouch¨Ч _/'s·gansΘdaΘ/ac/} .Θ
|

ĺ |zΘ Ġxsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
Why:Чŝndeed,ЧtheЧanswetЧisЧnotЧgivenЧatЧtheЧbeginningЧbutЧonlyЧtowatdЧ
theЧ endЧ ofЧ theЧ coutse,Ч whenЧ itЧ becomesЧ necessatyЧ toЧ tackŴeЧ theЧ othetЧ
senses,ЧandЧwhen,ЧatЧtheЧendЧofЧtheЧanalysisЧofЧtactility,Ч theteЧisЧptaiseЧfotЧ
theЧsenseЧofЧtouch,ЧwhichЧ¨combinesЧtheЧtwoЧfacultiesЧ ¸passiveЧandЧactive,Ч
sensotyЧandЧmotot¦Ч inЧtheЧ mostЧexactЧptopottion. ¨Ч,MaineЧdeЧßitanЧ alsoЧ
likesЧ theЧwotdЧ ¨exact, ¨ЧthoughЧweЧ mayЧwondetЧ heteЧwhatЧanЧ exactЧpto-
pottionЧmightЧbe,Ч¨theЧmostЧexact, ¨ЧbetweenЧpassiveЧandЧactive,ЧandЧwheteЧ
oneЧ mightЧ hųndЧitsЧ ctitetionЧandЧ itsЧ measute.)Ч MaineЧdeЧ ßitanЧ doesЧ notЧ
conttadictЧthoseЧwhoЧcontentЧthemselvesЧwithЧaЧ compatison,Ч thoseЧfotЧ
whomЧ ¨itЧisЧ customatyЧtoЧ compateЧtheЧdiffetentЧsenseЧimptessionsЧwithЧ
thoseЧ ofЧtouchЧ ptopet. ¨ЧWithoutЧ objectingЧ toЧ it,Ч heЧ telatesЧ thisЧ heatsayЧ
dsxaΘ ,¨itЧisЧ said¨)Ч whichЧ tutnsЧ touchЧ intoЧ theЧgenusЧ ofЧwhichЧtheЧothetЧ
sensesЧwouldЧonlyЧbeЧtheЧkind,ЧtheЧspecies.Ч¨allЧoutЧssnsa/isns,ΘitЧisЧsaid,ЧateЧ
onlyЧaЧkindЧ ofЧ/sach.Θ1hatЧ isЧvetyЧttue. ¨ЧAndЧ thisЧ compatatismЧ otЧanalo-
gismЧbanksЧonЧaЧlogicЧofЧinclusion. ЧAllЧoutЧsensationsЧateЧcompatableЧtoЧ
touchĥЧtheyЧateЧas,ΘtΠeyЧateЧ/i/sΘspeciesЧofЧit,Ч becauseЧ touchЧisЧtheЧgenusЧofЧ
whichЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧateЧtheЧspecies.Ч
ßutЧaftetЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧhasЧthusЧassentedЧtoЧteceivedЧopinion,ЧheЧven-
tutesЧ fatthetЧ outЧ andЧ ptaisesЧ touchЧ andЧ itsЧ incompatableЧ excellence.Ч lfЧ
touchЧcannotЧbeЧpatalleledЧbyЧanyЧothetЧsenseЧotgans,Ч itЧisЧalsoЧftomЧtheЧ
pointЧofЧ viewЧofЧactivity,ЧandЧthetefoteЧmototЧactivity.Ч1heЧothetЧsensesЧwillЧ
cottespondЧtoЧtouchЧonlyЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧtheitЧms/i/i/¸,ΘwhichЧisЧwhatЧ
willЧmakeЧthemЧag·ssΘwithЧtheЧmototЧactivityЧthatЧisЧapptoptiateЧtoЧtouch,Ч
whatЧwillЧcs··ss¸sndΘtoЧotЧcomeЧtoЧanЧ ands·s/andingΘandЧcoopetateЧwithЧ
touchЧ ¸s'entendtaЧa·scΘ/sΘ /sachs·} .Θ MototЧactivityЧisЧthetefoteЧtheЧspecih cЧ
diffetence,ЧifЧnotЧtheЧessence,ЧofЧtouch-whenceЧ,weƉllЧgetЧtoЧthis)ЧaЧcettainЧ
ptivilegeЧfotЧtheЧhand.Ч1heЧanalogyЧbetweenЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧ onЧtheЧoneЧ
handЧandЧtouchЧonЧtheЧothetЧwillЧdependЧonЧtheЧptopottionЧofЧmovementЧ
,mototЧactivity,Ч mobility)Ч foundЧinЧthem.ЧßutЧonlyЧtouchЧcomptisesЧaЧmo-
totЧactivityЧthatЧisЧptopetlyЧitsЧown-andЧhenceЧtutnsЧitЧintoЧsomethingЧ
mote,Ч somethingЧothetЧthanЧsimplyЧaЧsense,Ч moteЧandЧothetЧthanЧsimplyЧ
theЧlocusЧofЧaЧpassiveЧsensation.Ч
AllϞoutϞsensations,ϞitϞisϞsaid,ϞateϞonlyϞaϞkindϞolϞtoucb.ϞTbatϞisϞvetyϞttueϞilϞoneϞ
tbinksϞonlyϞolϞǃbeitϞsensotyϞotϞpassiveϞlunction, ϞbutϞwitbϞtespectϞtoϞactivityϞ
andϞmovement,ϞnoϞotbetϞsenseϞotgansϞateϞsimilatϞ_ne˰sa¸¸orte˰/e˰¸ara/Ƃ/e¦ .˰OnlyϞ
inϞptopottionϞtoϞtbeitϞmo/i/itˢ˰ateϞtbeyϞmoteϞotϞlessϞcapableϞolϞcottespondingϞ
toϞotϞolϞcoopetatingϞ ¸s'entendre¦˰ witbϞtoucb,ϞolϞptohtingϞbyϞitsϞwatningsϞandϞ
Iangsn/ΘIΘ ŭ|
ĚΘ
olϞassociatingϞtbeitϞimptessionsϞ witbϞ it.Ϟ WeϞsballϞmakeϞ tbΆsϞ ͡eatϞ inϞ aϞtapidϞ
analysisϞolϞtbeϞsenses.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟ6t)
TheЧlogicЧofЧthisЧatgumentЧisЧtematkable-andЧpatadoxical.ЧTheЧspaceЧ
allocatedЧ toЧ mobility,Ч motility,Ч otЧmototЧactivityЧdesetvesЧaЧ pause.Ч ToЧ aЧ
latgeЧ extentЧ thisЧ motifЧwasЧ alteadyЧptesentЧinЧDestuttЧdeЧTtacy,Ч whoЧwasЧ
moteovetЧtheЧ ·a¸¸s·/sa·ΘofЧMaineЧdeЧ ßitan'sЧMémsi·sΘonЧ theЧsubj ectЧofЧ
habitЧanswetingЧaЧptogtammaticЧquestionЧfotmulatedЧinЧChatlesЧßonnet'sЧ
Ps¸chs/sgisǙΘ¨WhatЧateЧallЧtheЧopetationsЧofЧtheЧsoulЧifЧnotЧmovementsЧandЧ
·s¸s/i/isnsΘofЧmovements:¨Ч,MaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧInƒƛ asncsΘs¸ΘHa/i/,Θp.Ч|i) . ' ʖ ΘToЧ
aЧcettainЧextentЧatЧleast,Ч thisЧquestionЧconditionsЧbothЧ theЧcontentsЧandЧ
theЧfotmЧofЧtheЧMémsi·s.Θ
ßefoteЧtetutningЧtoЧthis,ЧandЧtoЧanticipateЧaЧmoteЧpatientЧlookЧatЧMetleau-
lonty,Ч thisЧmayЧbeЧtheЧtightЧplaceЧfotЧaЧhistoticalЧdigtession.ЧMetleau-lontyЧ
devotedЧatЧ leastЧ oneЧ setiesЧ ofЧlectutesЧ toЧMaineЧdeЧ ßitanЧ ,alludedЧ toЧaЧlit-
tleЧeatliet) .Ч ltЧwasЧinЧr)|/ʆ|·, ΘthatЧis,Ч twoЧyeatsЧaftetЧtheЧ publicationЧ ofЧ
Metleau-lonty'sЧPhsnsmsns/sgyΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn.ΘTheЧbookЧnevetЧtefetsЧtoЧtheЧ
authotЧofЧtheЧtwoЧMémsi·ssΘsa·Θ/ŜȆa/i/ads, ' ů ΘitЧseemsЧtoЧme. ЧlnЧfact,ЧtheseЧ
Mémsi·ssΘ ateЧ notЧ studiedЧ inЧtheЧlectutesЧofЧr)|/Ą|·, ΘwhichЧinsteadЧdealЧ
withЧMaineЧdeЧßitan'sЧMémsi·sΘsa·Θ/aΘd̀sm¸ssi/isnΘdsΘ/aΘ¸snsés,ΘtheЧCsm-
msn/ai·sΘsa·Θ/ssΘMédi/a/isnsΘmǽa¸h¸siqass,ΘandЧtheЧEssaiΘsa·Θ/ssΘˋndsmsn/sΘ
dsΘ/aΘ¸s¸chs/sgis.Θ lutthetmote,Ч itЧisЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧtheЧlattetЧEssaiΘthatЧ
Metleau-lontyЧteûįectsЧtheЧßitanianЧnotionЧofЧeffottЧandЧshowsЧtheЧwholeЧ
teachЧofЧthisЧphilosophyЧofЧmototЧactivity-theЧstyleЧandЧchatactetЧofЧhisЧ
thetoticЧshatpenЧthingsЧupЧaЧlittle,Ч soЧtoЧspeak.Ч
WeϞ ateϞquickϞtoϞsayϞ¨mototϞsubjectϞotϞtbinkingϞsubject, ŬϞasϞilϞtbeyϞweteϞtetmsϞ
olϞanϞaltetnative.Ϟ8itanϞdidϞnotϞteduceϞconsciousnessϞtoϞmotilityϞbutϞbeϞiden-
tih edϞmotilityϞandϞconsciousness.ϞTbeϞptimitiveϞlactϞisϞconsciousnessϞolϞanϞit-
teducibleϞtelationsbipϞbetweenϞtwoϞtetmsϞitteducibleϞtbemselves.Ϟ ltϞisϞnotϞaϞ
consciousnessϞ becomingϞ movement,Ϟ butϞ aϞ consciousnessϞ tevetbetatingϞ i nϞ
movements.Ϟ ltϞi s ϞneitbetϞanϞintetiotϞlactϞnotϞanϞextetiotϞlact.Ϟ itϞisϞ tbeϞ con-
sciousnessϞolϞsellϞasϞtelationsbipϞolϞtbeϞlϞtoϞanotbetϞtetm.ϞˬʼnϞ
ßefotehand,Чhowevet,Ч althoughЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧisЧnotЧyetЧcitedЧinЧPhs-
nsmsns/sgyΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isń ǖΘandЧ theЧmajotЧtefetencesЧinЧ itЧateЧaltogethetЧdif-
fetent,Ч Metleau-lonty'sЧ analysesЧ alteadyЧbestowЧaЧ ϵoleЧ thatЧisЧj ustЧasЧ deciЗ
siveЧonЧmototЧactivityЧ,notmalЧotЧpathological) .ЧToЧ wit,ЧthisЧisЧtheЧcase,Ч inЧ
Ů||Θ Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āɕŶ/ssh''Θ
theЧchaptetЧ¨TheЧSpatialityЧofЧOne'sЧOwnЧ ßodyЧandЧMotility, ¨ЧwithЧtheЧ
pagesЧdedicatedЧtoЧ dehcienciesЧ ofЧ¨unsound¨ЧotЧpathologicalЧ touchingЧotЧ
¨potential¨Ч _·i·/as/}Θ touch,Ч asЧwellЧas,Ч inЧtheЧchaptetЧ¨SenseЧExpetience,¨Ч
withЧtheЧ¨mototЧsignihcanceЧofЧcolouts¨ЧandЧ¨mototЧphysiognomy¨ЧofЧallЧ
sensations,Ч andЧevenЧofЧthisЧ¨synaestheticЧpetception¨ЧthatЧ¨isЧtheЧtule, ¨ЧofЧ
thisЧ ¨intetsensotyЧobject, ¨Ч ofЧtheЧ ¨intetsensotyЧ unityЧofЧtheЧ thing¨Ч thatЧ
makesЧupЧtheЧmostЧcontinuousЧthemeЧofЧthisЧbookЧandЧseemsЧinsepatableЧ
ftomЧtheЧconceptЧofЧwotld,ЧbeingЧinЧtheЧwotld,ЧotЧj ustЧbeing-aЧconceptЧ
otganizingЧthisЧ phenomenologyЧofЧpetceptionЧ ,seeЧ Metleau-lonty,Ч Phs-
nsmsns/sgΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn,Θpp. ЧzŮū, Θz
))
,ΘetЧpassim) .Ч
AЧlittleЧeatliet,ЧinЧtheЧpassageЧ citedЧj ustЧbelow,Чssnsa/isnΘptesentsЧitselfЧasЧ
csmmanisn.ΘLetЧusЧheteЧ noteЧtheЧ tetutnЧofЧtheЧ hapticalЧ hguteЧ ofЧcontact,Ч
ptimotdialЧcontact,ЧtoЧspeakЧofЧtheЧexpetience-noЧless-ofЧbeingЧandЧtheЧ
wotld.ЧTheЧlogicЧofЧtheseЧ phtasesЧ tunsЧ thtoughoutЧtheЧbook,Ч oneЧoftenЧ
comesЧactossЧ theЧlitetalЧmatkЧtheyЧleave.Ч
LvetyϞseusatiouϞisϞspatial,ϞweϞbaveϞadoptedϞtbisϞtbesis,Ϟ uotϞbecauseϞtbeϞqualityϞ
asϞd obŧectϞcauuotϞbeϞtbougbtϞotbetwiseϞtbauϞiuϞspace,ϞbutϞbecause,ϞasϞtbeϞ¸ri-
mordia/˰contact˰aith˰/einƎ˰asϞtbeϞassam¸tion˰¸re¸rise¦˰ byϞtbeϞseutieutϞsubŧectϞolϞ
aϞlotmϞolϞexisteuceϞtoϞwbicbϞ tbeϞseusibleϞpoiuts,ϞaudϞ asϞ tbeϞco-existence˰ď¸sen-
tient˰and˰sensi//e,˰ itϞisϞitsellϞcoustitutiveϞolϞaϞsettiugϞlotϞcoĄexisteuce,Ϟ iuϞ otbetϞ
wotds,ϞolϞaϞspaceϞ. . . Ϟ tbisϞassam¸tion˰¸re¸rise}˰ impliesϞalsoϞtbatϞlϞcauϞatϞeacbϞmoĤ
meutϞabsotbϞmysellϞa/most˰wbollyϞiutoϞtbeϞseuseϞolϞtoucbϞotϞsigbtϞ. . . Ϟ tbeϞuuityϞ
audϞtbeϞdivetsityϞolϞtbeϞseusesϞateϞttutbsϞolϞtbeϞsameϞotdetϞ . . . . Ϟ itϞisϞa˰¸riori˰im-
possibleϞtoϞtoucbϞwitboutϞtoucbiugϞinϞspace,ϞsiuceϞoutϞexpetieuceϞisϞtbeϞex¸eri-
ence˰ď¸a˰aorʟ˰ ,ibid. , Ϟp.Ϟ22I)
| °
AndЧs oЧtheseЧhtmЧdeclatationsЧaboutЧ¨ptimotdialЧcontactЧwithЧbeing, ¨Ч
thisЧbeliefЧinЧ¨co-existenceЧofЧsentientЧandЧsensible¨ЧateЧonЧaЧpatЧwithЧaЧphi-
losophyЧofЧimmsdia/sΘcsincidsncsΘthatЧwillЧbeЧtelayedЧlatet-unstoppably,Ч
continually,ЧwithoutЧdenialЧotЧadmittedЧconttadiction-byЧanЧincteasinglyЧ
insistentЧ discoutseЧ aboutЧallЧ theЧ phenomenaЧofЧnoncoincidenceЧotЧevenЧ
noncontactЧwithЧtheЧuntouchable.ЧWeЧ couldЧ situateЧ oneЧ ofЧtheЧ placesЧ ofЧ
theЧttansitionalЧttansaction-stillЧftomЧtheЧpointЧofЧview,ЧifЧweЧmayЧsayЧso,Ч
ofЧtactilityЧandЧitsЧhgutes-fotЧexampleЧinЧtheЧconfetenceЧaboutЧßetgsonЧ
,MayЧŮ
)
ʟ)ǀΘ publishedЧinЧSignsΘandЧtitledЧ¨ ßetgsonЧinЧtheЧMakingğ ¨Ч lnЧit,Ч
Metleau-lontyЧgoesЧwithinЧoneЧpageЧftomЧcoincidenceЧofЧabsoluteЧcontactЧ
toЧ¨pattialЧcoincidence¨ЧandЧnevetthelessЧcomesЧbackЧtoЧcsincidsncsΘwithЧaЧ
¨non-coincidence. ¨Ч ThisЧ movementЧ isЧ allЧ theЧ moteЧ signihȉcantЧ becauseЧ
Metleau-lontyЧwillЧhaveЧonceЧagainЧclaimedЧhisЧownЧteadet'sЧ¨ptefetences¨Ч
Ingsn/ΘIΘ r |
·Θ
andЧ¨pattialities, ¨ЧotientingЧtheЧteadingЧofЧßetgsonЧnotЧonlyЧtowatdЧaЧphe-
nomenology-completeЧwithЧ¨teduction¨ЧandЧsoЧfotth-butЧalsoЧtowatdЧ
hisЧ ownЧphenomenologicalЧbent.Ч
NowϞweϞcanϞbeatϞwitnessϞtoϞtbeϞvitalityϞolϞbisϞwotksϞonlyϞbyϞsayingϞbowϞbeϞ
¸8etgson¦ϞisϞptesentϞinϞoutϞown,ϞsbowingϞtbeϞpagesϞolϞbisϞwotksϞinϞwbicb,ϞlikeϞ
bisϞlistenetsϞƣnϞI¸OO, weϞwitbϞoutϞownϞ¸rƅrences˰andϞ¸artia/ities˰tbinkϞweϞpet-
ceiveϞbimϞ¨inϞcontactϞwitbϞtbings . ¨Ϟ
. . . Ϟ lotϞilϞtbisϞi s ϞwbatϞtimeϞi s , ϞitϞi s ϞnotbingϞtbatϞlϞ see˰ltomϞwitboutϞ. . . . Ϟ SoϞ
timeϞisϞmysell̗ϞlϞamϞtbeϞdutationϞlϞgtasp,ϞandϞtimeϞisϞdutationϞgtaspedϞinϞme.Ϟ
AndϞltomϞnowϞonϞweϞateϞatϞtbeϞabsolute.ϞAϞsttangeϞabsoluteϞknowledge,ϞsinceϞ
weϞknowϞneitbetϞallϞoutϞmemotiesϞnotϞevenϞtbeϞwboleϞtbicknessϞolϞoutϞptesĂ
ent,Ϟ andϞsinceϞmyϞcontact˰witbϞmysellϞisϞ ǔŝartia/˰coincidence¨˰ ,toϞ useϞaϞtetmϞ
onenϞusedϞbyϞ8etgsonϞwbicb,ϞtoϞ tellϞtbeϞttutb,ϞisϞaϞptoblematicϞone) .Ϟ lnϞanyϞ
case,ϞwbenϞmyϞsellϞisϞatϞissueϞtbeϞcontact˰isϞa/so/ate˰/ecaase˰itϞisϞpattial.ϞlϞknowϞ
myϞdutationϞasϞnoϞoneϞelseϞdoesϞbecauseϞlϞamϞcaugbtϞupϞinϞitƘϞbecauseϞitϞovet-
ɝowsϞme,ϞlϞbaveϞanϞexpetienceϞolϞitϞwbicbϞcouldϞnotϞbeϞmore˰narroaþ˰or˰ɏoseþ˰
conceivedϞoţϞH/so/ate˰knoa/edge˰ isϞ notϞdetacbmentƘϞitϞ isϞ inbetenceϞ. . . . Ϟ
SinceϞitϞisϞa˰non-coincidence˰Icoincide˰aith˰bete,ϞexpetienceϞisϞsusceptibleϞtoϞ
beingϞextendedϞbeyondϞtbeϞpatticulatϞbeingϞlϞam.Ϟ MyϞpetceptionϞ ¸/ʎntaitionź˰
olϞmyϞdutationϞisϞanϞapptentɩcesbɩpϞinϞaЧgenetalϞwayϞolϞseeing.˰ ltϞisϞtheϞptinciϔ
pleϞolϞaϞsottϞolϞ8etgsonianϞ¨teduction¨Ϟ. . . . Ϟ
.Ϟ .Ϟ .Ϟ lntuitionϞisϞdehnitelyϞnotϞsim¸þ˰coincidence˰or˰ ɱsion˰anyϞmote.ϞltϞisϞex-
tendedϞtoϞ¨limits¨Ϟ
_
. . . Ϟ
I ô
AndЧsinceЧweЧhaveЧalteadyЧpaidЧs oЧmuchЧattentionЧt oЧtheЧcsƥơasΘofЧ¨HocЧ
estЧcotpusЧ meum, ¨ЧandЧtoЧtheЧChtistianЧbodyЧandЧtheЧEuchatist,Ч andЧtoЧ
itonyЧthatЧthinks,ЧttoubledЧandЧttoublingЧinЧtheЧhandsЧofЧNancy,Ч letЧusЧdoЧ
noЧmoteЧthanЧsituateЧheteЧaЧcettainЧconnectionЧbetweenЧMetleau-lontyșsЧ
thinkingЧofЧmototЧactivityЧandЧ theЧ LastЧSuppet.Ч HisЧtoneЧandЧintentionЧateЧ
quiteЧdihetentЧftomЧNancy's.Ч1heЧpassageЧcanЧbeЧfoundЧinЧtheЧhtstЧpagesЧofЧ
theЧchaptetЧonЧ¨SenseЧExpetience¨ЧinЧPhsnsmsns/sgΘƂ¸Ps·cs¸/isn.ΘMeʝleau-
lontyЧhasЧj ustЧinsisted-notablyЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧtheЧpetceptionЧofЧcolotsЧ
-onЧ ¨mototЧphysiognomy, ¨ЧmototЧteactions,Ч ¨mototЧsignihcance, ¨ЧandЧ
theЧamplih cationЧofЧoutЧmototЧbeing.Ч Hete,Чnow,ЧisЧtheЧanalogy,Ч theЧ¨j ustЧ
Ü . « .ΘinЧtheЧsameЧway,¨ЧtemindingЧusЧofЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧ¨myЧbody,¨ЧaЧ¨myЧ
body¨ЧthatЧlЧwhollyЧ¨suttendet¨Ч _¸sΘ/i··s}Θ inЧthisЧway.Ч
lnϞtbeϞsameϞwayϞlϞgiveϞeat,ЧotϞlook,ϞinϞtbeϞexpectationϞolϞaϞsensation,ϞandϞsud-
denlyϞtbeϞ sensibleϞ takes˰ possessionϞ olϞmyϞeatϞotϞmyϞgaze,Ϟ andϞlϞsarrender˰_¸e˰
ʩcre¦˰ aϞpattϞolϞmyϞbody,ϞevenϞm,˰ aho/e˰/od,,˰ toϞ tbisϞpatticulatϞmannetϞolϞviƵ
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
btatingϞandϞhllingϞspaceϞknownϞasϞ blueϞotϞted.Ϟ}ast˰as˰tbeϞsactamentϞnotϞonlyϞ
symbolizes,ϞinϞsensibleϞspecies,ϞanϞopetationϞolϞGtace,ϞbutϞisϞalsoϞtbeϞtealϞptes-
enceϞolϞGodƲϞ wbicbϞitϞcausesϞtoϞoccupyϞaϞltagmentϞolϞspaceϞandϞcommuniϕ
catesϞtoϞ tboseϞwboϞeatϞolϞtbeϞ consectatedϞbtead,ϞptovidedϞtbatϞtbeyϞateϞin-
watdlyϞptepatedǑϞin˰the˰same˰aa,˰ tbeϞsensibleϞbasϞnotϞonlyϞaϞmototϞandϞvitalϞ
signihcanceƲϞbutϞisϞnotbingϞotbetϞtbanϞaϞcettainϞwayϞolϞbeingϞinϞtbeϞwotldϞsug-
gestedϞtoϞusϞltomϞsomeϞpointϞinϞspace,ϞandϞseized˰andϞactedϞuponϞbyϞoutϞbodyϞ
_qae˰notre˰cor¸s˰teptendϞet˰assame¦ ,˰ ptovidedϞtbatϞitϞisϞcapableϞolϞdoingϞsoƲϞsoϞ
tbatϞsensationϞisϞ/itera/þ˰aϞlotmϞolϞcommunion.Ϟ,MetleauĝlontyƲϞPhenomeno/-
og˰o¸˰Perce¸tionĢ˰ p.Ϟ ziz)Ϟ
ltЧisЧHussetlЧtoЧwhomЧMetleau-lontyЧthenЧtefets,ЧoftenЧasЧanЧauthotity.Ч
ßutЧaЧcettainЧßitanianЧttaditionЧisЧ notЧincompatibleЧwithЧthisЧthinkingЧofЧ
mototЧintentionalityЧasЧaЧthinkingЧofЧpowet,Ч ofЧfotceЧinЧeffott,ЧandЧofЧanЧ
egoЧthatЧtelatesЧtoЧitselfЧinЧtheЧexpetienceЧofЧtheЧ¨!ĕcan¨Ч ,theЧusualЧtetmЧinЧ
Hussetl'sЧunpublishedЧwtitings) .Ч ¨1heseЧelucidationsЧenableЧusЧcleatlyЧtoЧ
undetstandЧmotilityЧasЧbasicЧintentionality.Ч ConsciousnessЧisЧinЧtheЧ htstЧ
placeЧnotЧaЧmattetЧofЧlЧ thinkЧthatˏЧ butЧofЧ` !ĕ can'ȓЧ ,Metleau-lonty,Ч Phs-
nsmsns/sgΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn,Θp.Ч r
)/
) . Θ
ɮeteЧendsЧthisЧanticipatotyЧdigtession.ЧAЧlatetЧchaptetЧdealsЧwithЧtouchЧ
accotdingЧtoЧMetleau-lonty.Ч 1hisЧmotifЧofЧmototЧactivityЧheteЧallowsЧusЧ
toЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧMaineЧdeЧßitan-whom,ЧinЧttuth,ЧweЧhadЧnotЧteallyЧleft.Ч
̮etЧhisЧ analysisЧ ofЧtouch,ЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧannounces,Чthen,ЧthatЧheЧisЧ
goingЧtoЧdealЧwithЧtheЧothetЧ senses,Ч saying.Ч ¨WeЧshallЧmakeЧthisЧcleatЧinЧaЧ
tapidЧ analysisЧ ofЧtheЧsenses¨Ч ,In¸asncsΘs¸ΘHa/i/,Θ p.Ч ér) .Θ
1heЧ analysisЧofЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧwillЧ thusЧ beЧ ¨tapid. ¨ЧAmongЧessentialЧ
ttaits,ЧitЧwillЧselectЧwhatЧtelatesЧtoЧtouch,Ч /,Θ aa,Θs¸ΘanΘana/sgđ,Θ thatЧis,ЧinЧ
accotdanceЧwithЧms·smsn/,ΘptopottionallyЧtoЧmobilityЧotЧmototЧactivity.Ч
NowЧ touchЧisЧalsoЧaЧfundamentalЧs·ganΘ andЧ thetebyЧnotЧaЧsenseЧptopetlyЧ
speaking,ЧotЧinЧanyЧcase,ЧitЧisЧwhatЧitЧisЧptopetly-thatЧis,ЧdistinctЧandЧsu-
petiot-onlyЧtheteЧwheteЧ mototЧ activity,Ч inЧit,Ч exceedsЧ puteЧ sensation,Ч
namely,Ч theЧ¨sensotyЧotЧpassiveЧfunction. ¨Ч1ouchЧisЧnoЧdoubtЧtheЧhighestЧ
ofЧtheЧsenses,ЧtheЧhtst,ЧtheЧincsm¸a·a//sΘmodel.ЧatЧmostЧoneЧcanЧonlyЧcsm-
¸a·sΘsomethingЧelseЧtoЧ it.Ч ßutЧthisЧptimotdialЧexcellenceЧhasЧ toЧ doЧwithЧ
whatЧmakesЧitЧintoЧsomethingЧothetЧthanЧaЧsense,ЧothetЧthanЧanЧotganЧofЧ
pute,ЧpassiveЧsensation. Ч1hisЧsenseЧttanscendsЧtheЧothets,Ч itЧalsoЧgtoundsЧ
them,ЧitЧmakesЧthemЧpossible,ЧbutЧtoЧtheЧextentЧthatЧitЧisЧnotЧquiteЧaЧsenseЧ
Iangsn/ΘI i |/Ч
anyЧlonget.Ч ƹnЧaЧlanguageЧthatЧ,fotЧgoodЧteasons)ЧisЧnotЧMaineЧdeЧßitan's,Ч
oneЧ couldЧacknowledgeЧ itsЧ/·anscsndsn/a/Θstatus-allЧtheЧmoteЧsoЧsinceЧitЧ
isЧhtstЧ evaluatedЧ undetЧtheЧangleЧofЧknowledgeЧ andЧtheЧtelationЧtoЧanЧob-
j ect.Ч¨ltЧisЧonly,Чthetefote,ЧasЧaЧmototЧotganЧ ¸specihěcityЧofЧtactilityĘtouchŀ
| . ЧD. Ž ЧthatЧtouchЧ_/sΘ/ac/}Θ conttibutesЧessentiallyЧtoЧputtingЧtheЧindividualЧ
inЧcommunicationЧwithЧextetnalЧnatute,Ч itЧisЧbecauseЧitЧcombinesЧtheЧtwoЧ
facultiesЧinЧ theЧ mostЧexactЧptopottionЧthatЧitЧ isЧsusceptibleЧofЧsuchЧnice,Ч
suchЧdetailed,ЧsuchЧpetsistantЧ_sic}Θ imptessions,ЧinЧshott,ЧitЧisЧinЧvittueЧofЧ
thisЧthatЧitЧopensЧaЧfeedingЧgtoundЧfotЧintellectЧandЧfutnishesЧitЧwithЧitsЧ
moteЧsubstantialЧnoutishmentėЧ,ibid. , Чp. Ч6i) . ū ȥ Ч
1heЧ sensibilityЧofЧsightЧ i s ЧnoЧdoubtЧ theЧ mostЧ ¨delicateėЧ butЧi t ЧcouldЧ
scatcelyЧbeЧ¨citcumsctibedėЧifЧoneЧfailedЧtoЧtakeЧintoЧconsidetationЧitsЧtela-
tionЧtoЧtouch,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧtheЧ¨mobilityЧpeculiatėЧtoЧtheЧgazeЧandЧespe-
ciallyЧitsЧ¨association, ėЧitsЧ¨closeЧ_in/ims}ΘcottespondenceЧwithЧtouchė.Ч¨ƹtЧisЧ
onlyЧbecauseЧofЧitsЧmobilityЧthatЧtheЧeyeЧmaintainsЧsuchЧintimateЧtelationsЧ
withЧtouchЧ _/sΘ/ac/}ƳΘ ,ibid. , Чp.Ч 6z) .Ч1heЧanalogicalЧ¨ ¸j ustͧЧ asėЧalwaysЧcom-
mandsЧtheЧlogicЧofЧthisЧcommunityЧofЧtheЧsenses.Ч ¨HowЧcouldЧtheЧhandsЧ
sayЧtoЧtheЧeyes.ЧDsΘasΘasΘds,Θ ifЧtheЧeyesЧweteЧimmovable:ėЧ,ibid. , Чp. Ч6zn;) . Ч
̯etЧ¨asėЧcomesЧ¨almostėЧ ,theЧdihetenceЧofЧ theЧa/mss/ΘwouldЧopenЧupЧtheЧ
intetvalЧ thatЧweЧ eatlietЧ tiskedЧ nicknamingЧ¨ttanscendental ė. Ч touchЧ isЧ notЧ
quiteЧaЧsense-notЧaЧsenseЧasΘotЧ/i/sΘtheЧothets) .Ч ¨lotЧthatЧmattet,ЧweЧcanЧ
applyЧtoЧsightЧa/mss/ΘallЧthatЧweЧhaveЧsaidЧofЧtouch.ЧlnЧtheЧnatutalЧstateЧandЧ
inЧtheЧotdinatyЧexetciseЧofЧtheЧotgan,ЧtheЧtwoЧfunctions-sensotyЧandЧmo-
tot-cottespondЧwithЧandЧbalanceЧeachЧothetЧwithЧnoЧmutualЧdistutbanceėЧ
,ibid. ,Ч p.Ч 6;) .Ч
MaineЧdeЧßitanЧ seemsЧ moteЧuneasyЧwhenЧtelatingЧheatingЧtoЧtouch,ЧbutЧ
hisЧptoceduteЧisЧalwaysЧtheЧsame.ЧtheЧtecoutseЧisЧtoЧana/sgΘbyЧteasonЧofЧotЧ
ptopottionallyЧtoЧms/s·Θac/i·i/,.Θ ¨lnЧotdetЧtoЧheatЧwell, ėЧheЧnotes,Ч ¨itЧisЧ
necessatyЧtoЧ/is/sn¨Θ,ibid. , Чpp. Ч6;Ğ6|) . ЧAndЧthisЧptesupposesЧ¨puttingЧintoЧ
actionЧtheЧmuscles, ėЧaЧ¨tension, ėЧanЧ¨effott. ėЧlȅЧinЧthisЧcase,ЧtheЧehottЧhasЧ
becomeЧ¨impetceptibleėЧowingЧtoЧ theЧeat'sЧ immobileЧpassivity,Ч aЧsa¸¸/sȴ
msn/ΘofЧmototЧactivityЧcomesЧasЧtheЧtemedy,Ч takingЧupЧ withЧtouchЧagain.Ч
AЧnatutalЧsupplement,Ч ofЧcoutse,ЧandЧaЧteleologicalЧ one'Ч¨ ßutЧnatuteЧhet-
selfЧhasЧtakenЧcateЧtoЧsupplementЧtheseЧfaults,ЧsheЧhasЧtestotedЧequilibtiumЧ
byЧassociatingЧinЧtheЧmostЧintimateЧwayЧhetЧpassiveЧimptessionsЧwithЧtheЧ
activityЧofЧanЧotganЧessentiallyЧmototėЧ ,ibid. ,Чp. Ч6|) . ЧßutЧitЧisЧespeciallyЧtoЧ
theЧ vocalЧ otganЧ thatЧ thisЧ supplementЧ ofЧmototЧ activityЧ h ndsЧ itselfЧen-
ttusted.Ч 1htoughЧ theЧ effectЧ ofЧaЧ sympathyЧsoЧ habitualЧ thatЧ itЧdoesЧ notЧ
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
sttikeЧusЧatЧall,Ч soundsЧttansmittedЧtoЧtheЧeatЧandЧtheЧcetebtalЧcentetЧsetЧinЧ
motionЧtheЧvocalЧotganЧ ¨whichЧ tepeatsЧ them,Ч imitatesЧthem,Ч tutnsЧthemЧ
backЧ_/ssΘ·̉ǹhi/¦Θ,¨Ч ¨incotpotates¨Ч themЧinЧtheЧ¨spheteЧofЧtheЧindividua|'sЧ
activity. ¨Ч AnЧ intetestingЧ theotyЧofЧschsΘandЧdsa//sΘ im¸·in/Θfollows.ЧTheЧ
cottespondenceЧwithЧtouchЧgoesЧ thtoughЧtheЧecho.Ч lassivityЧandЧactivityЧ
ateЧthusЧcoupled,ЧandЧthisЧisЧwhatЧitЧtakesЧtoЧ tutnЧheating,Ч listening,Ч andЧ
theЧvoiceЧintoЧkindsЧofЧtouching,Ч modalitiesЧ ofЧhapticalЧ apptoachЧotЧap-
ptoptiation.ЧAsЧalways,ЧtheЧptopetЧandЧtheЧptoximateЧateЧgivenЧ,otЧtathet,Ч
supposedЧtoЧbeЧgiven)Ч inЧtheЧsameЧmovement.Ч¨Thus,ЧtheЧindividualЧwhoЧ
listensЧisЧhimse|fЧhisЧownЧschs.ΘTheЧeatЧisЧasЧifЧinstantaneouslyЧsttuckЧbothЧ
byЧtheЧ ditectЧextetnalЧsoundЧ andЧ theЧ intetnalЧ soundЧ teptoduced.ЧTheseЧ
twoЧimptintsЧateЧaddedЧtogethetЧinЧtheЧcetebtalЧotgan,ЧwhichЧ isЧ doublyЧ
stimulatedЧ _s'é/sc/·issΘdsa//smsn/}-ƅotbΘbyЧtheЧactionЧwhichЧitЧcommu-
nicatesЧandЧbyЧtheЧactionЧwhichЧitЧteceives.ЧSuchЧisЧtheЧcauseЧofЧ/c/ssΘssns·ssΘ
¸litetal|y,ЧsonotousЧotЧtesonantЧheads¦ ¨Ч ,ibid. , Чpp. Ч
(¡-(
¸¸ ¸
'
s
AfhnityЧandЧdependence.Ч thisЧ doub|eЧtelationЧwithЧ touchЧ thusЧ detet-
minesЧheatingЧasЧwellЧasЧsight.ЧßutЧaccotdingЧtoЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧthisЧisЧstillЧ
moteЧevidentЧinЧtheЧcaseЧofЧtasteЧandЧsmell.ЧTastesЧateЧ¨theЧtouchЧinhetentЧ
_¸·s¸·s¦Θ inЧtheЧtongueЧandЧtheЧpalate, ¨ЧandЧtheЧsenseЧofЧtasteЧisЧthusЧtheЧ
oneЧthatЧisЧ¨mostЧc|oselyЧtelatedЧtoЧtouch¨,Чwhi|eЧwhatЧcanЧbeЧsaidЧaboutЧ
tasteЧ¨appliesЧstillЧmoteЧditectlyЧtoЧsmell, ¨ЧtheseЧtwoЧsensesЧbeingЧ¨closelyЧ
_in/imsmsn/¦Θ connectedЧ withЧ eachЧ othetЧ asЧ withЧ theitЧ intetnalЧ otgans. ¨ Ч
MaineЧdeЧßitanЧnevetЧfotgetsЧtheЧanimal.ЧHeЧcompatesЧtheЧpassivityЧofЧ
smellЧ,theteЧagain,ЧtheЧms·smsn/ΘofЧtespitationЧma/ssΘa¸Θ fotЧit,ЧsupplementsЧ
itЧ_sa¸¸/΁s¦ ) , ΘotЧtathetЧitsЧtoleЧamongЧtheЧextetnalЧsenses,ЧatЧtheЧsameЧtankЧ
asЧ theЧpolypЧ otЧtheЧoystetЧ¨inЧtheЧscaleЧofЧanimalЧlife¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч ɡ/) . ЧSinceЧ
sme|lЧisЧtheЧmostЧpassiveЧofЧtheЧsenses,Ч itЧisЧasЧcloseЧasЧcanЧbeЧtoЧtheЧsixthЧ
categotyЧofЧimptessions,Ч¸a·sΘssnsa/isns,ΘwhichЧcomeЧtoЧusЧftomЧinsideЧtheЧ
body-noЧpetceptionЧhete,ЧnoЧehott,ЧotЧatЧleastЧ¨noЧpetceivedЧehott, ¨Ч ¨noЧ
activity,Ч noЧdisctimination,Ч noЧttaceЧofЧmemoty. ¨ЧAndЧwhen,Ч inЧotdetЧtoЧ
qualiƀЧtheseЧputeЧsensations,ЧtheseЧputelyЧintetnalЧandЧpassiveЧsensations,Ч
MaineЧdeЧßitanЧconcludes.Ч ¨allЧlightЧisЧec|ipsedЧwithЧtheЧfacultyЧofЧmove-
ment, ¨ЧheЧconhtmsЧandЧgathetsЧseveta|Чaxioms.Ч
I. ThisЧanalysisЧofЧtheЧsensesЧisЧtuledЧbyЧtheЧpointЧofЧviewЧofЧtheЧpet-
ceivingЧcsnscisasnsssΘandЧs/¸sc/i·sΘknowledge.Ч
2. TheЧhguteЧofЧ|ightЧhndsЧ itselfЧasЧ ifЧnatutallyЧassociatedЧwithЧ that,ЧatЧ
theЧvetyЧmomentЧwhenЧsightЧisЧnevetthelessЧintetptetedЧasЧaЧkindЧofЧtouch.Ч
). AboveЧall , ЧtheЧtefetenceЧtoЧmovement,ЧtheЧ¨facultyЧofЧmovement, ¨Ч isЧ
Iangsn/ΘI ĺ |)Θ
detetminingЧheteЧasЧweЧhaveЧseen,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧʑustiƖЧtheЧabsoluteЧptivilegeЧ
ofЧtheЧtactile,ЧandЧitЧisЧwhatЧai/hd·aasΘtouchЧftomЧtheЧotdetЧofЧsensibility,Ч
ftomЧ¨puteЧsensation. ¨ЧSensuЧstticto,Ч touchЧisЧnotЧptopetlyЧaЧsense. Ч1hisЧ
exemplatyЧsenseЧisЧaЧsenseЧaboveЧtheЧothetЧsenses,ЧwhichЧateЧnotЧsenses,ЧinЧ
fact,ЧexceptЧinЧtefetenceЧtoЧit,ЧhowevetЧtheyЧate-hencefotth-moteЧ¨senķ
sitive, ¨ЧmoteЧ¸·s¸s·qΘsensesЧthanЧtouchЧis.ЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧisЧnotЧsayingЧitЧ
likeЧthis,ЧbutЧthisЧfotmulationЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧineluctablyЧtoЧcottespondЧ toЧ
theЧptemisesЧthatЧweЧhaveЧj ustЧteheatsed.Ч1heЧquasi-ttanscendentalЧcon-
sttaintsЧofЧthisЧpatadoxyЧnoЧdoubtЧapplyЧwellЧbeyondЧMaineЧdeЧßitan'sЧdisķ
coutse,ЧandЧitЧisЧalsoЧonЧthisЧscoteЧthatЧtheyЧcallЧfotЧoutЧattention.Ч1ouchЧisЧ
moteЧofЧaЧ¨sense¨ЧthanЧateЧtheЧothets.Ч1heЧlattetЧateЧsensesЧonlyЧbyЧwayЧofЧ
touchЧandЧateЧthetefoteЧlessЧ¨sensitive¨ЧthanЧtouchЧis.ЧßutЧfotЧtheЧsameЧtea-
son,ЧbecauseЧtheyЧateЧmoteЧpassive,ЧlessЧactive,ЧlessЧmotot-dtiven,ЧandЧthete-
foteЧmoteЧ¨sensitive¨ЧthanЧtouch,ЧtheyЧateЧmoteЧlegitimatelyЧentitledЧtoЧbe-
ingЧtetmedЧ¨senses. ¨ ЧOneЧhndsЧ moteЧ andЧlessЧ sense,Ч atЧtheЧsameЧ time,ЧonЧ
bothЧsidesЧofЧtheЧanalogyğЧ
ßutЧ inЧotdetЧfutthetЧtoЧ temainЧwithЧtheЧMémsi·ssΘsa·Θ/ƶȆa/i/ads,ΘhavingЧ
ttacedЧtheЧlogicЧofЧtheЧtelationЧbetweenЧtouchЧandЧtheЧothetЧsenses,Ч letЧusЧ
comeЧbackЧtoЧwhatЧnecessatilyЧptivilegesЧanЧotganЧofЧtouch,Ч theЧhand,Ч inЧ
thisЧphilosophyЧofЧe
Ȇ
ottЧandЧtheЧmototЧwill.Ч1heteЧisЧaЧKantianЧhand,ЧandЧ
theteЧwillЧbeЧaЧHussetlianЧ hand,Ч andЧaЧHeideggetianЧhand, Ǎ ǵЧandЧsoЧfotth,Ч
whichЧhaveЧttaitsЧinЧcommonЧbutЧdoЧnotЧovetlap.ЧAndЧtheteЧisЧalsoЧaЧßitan-
ianЧhand.Ч
MototЧactivityЧtemainsЧtheЧdistinguishingЧttaitЧofЧtouch,ЧmatkingЧitsЧexķ
cellence,ЧitЧisЧwhatЧmakesЧtheЧothetЧsensesЧtesembleЧtouchЧandЧtelateЧtoЧit,Ч
evenЧifЧtouchЧisЧinЧfactЧalsoЧchatactetizedЧbyЧtheЧunionЧ ofЧtheЧfacultiesЧofЧ
feelingЧandЧmoving.Ч1heЧfacultyЧofЧmovingЧisЧtheЧoneЧtoЧwhichЧtheЧegoЧisЧ
immediatelyЧattached,ЧwithЧitsЧactivityЧandЧitsЧdistinctiveness.Чlutthetmote,Ч
thisЧfacultyЧofЧmotionЧisЧaЧwill,ЧandЧtheЧegoЧthatЧmovesЧandЧself-movesЧisЧaЧ
¨willingЧsubj ect. ¨Ч SinceЧ MaineЧ deЧ ßitan'sЧ fotmulasЧ heteЧ ateЧ atЧtheЧsameЧ
timeЧ pteciseЧ andЧ hƁgutative,Ч weЧ shouldЧ notЧ ptoceedЧ withoutЧ temainingЧ
closeЧtoЧtheitЧlettet.ЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧwantsЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧtoЧdissociateЧ
andЧassociateЧj ustЧasЧtigotouslyЧtheЧfacultiesЧofЧmoving,Чself-moving,ЧandЧ
feeling.ЧAndЧsinceЧitЧisЧtoЧtheЧh tstЧfacultyЧthatЧheЧimmsdia/sqΘconnectsЧtheЧ
ego-anЧegoЧwhoseЧidentityЧhasЧtoЧbeЧthatЧofЧaЧwillingЧsubject-heЧsttetchesЧ
theЧthetoticЧofЧhisЧe
Ȇ
ottЧsoЧasЧtoЧdissociateЧwhatЧheЧassociates,ЧinЧfactЧ/ain-
ningΘtwoЧ faculties.Ч SuchЧ aЧ twinningЧptovidesЧtheЧconditionЧfotЧaЧfunda-
mentalЧ expetienceЧ ofЧeffott,Ч atЧ theЧ j ointЧ ofЧtwoЧ faculties.Ч lfЧtheteЧ weteЧ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
nothingЧbutЧaЧmototЧwillЧ , puteЧego) ,Ч theteЧwouldЧbeЧ noЧeffott,ЧbutЧ theteЧ
wouldЧnotЧbeЧanyЧeithetЧifЧtheteЧweteЧnothingЧbutЧputeЧsensibility.Ч lЧamЧnotЧ
j ustЧconvenientlyЧinventingЧtheЧschemaЧolЧtwinning.ЧHete,ЧlotЧexample,ЧasЧ
eatlyЧasЧtheЧinttoductionЧtoЧtheЧMémsi·s,ΘisЧaЧpassage,ЧtheЧpassageЧofЧaЧcet-
tainЧ¨tathet, ¨Ч thatЧbeatsЧwitnessЧtoЧtheЧthetoticЧexettedЧsoЧasЧ toЧj ustiƀЧtheЧ
conceptЧofЧehottЧitself.Ч ¨WeЧcanЧalteadyЧbeginЧtoЧpetceiveЧthatЧactivity,Ч asЧ
thatЧ whichЧisЧdistinctiveЧ ofЧtheЧ egoЧ andЧ itsЧ waysЧ ofЧbeing,Ч isЧditectlyЧat-
tachedЧtoЧtheЧfacultyЧolЧms·ing,ΘwhichЧ oughtЧtoЧbeЧdistinguishedЧftomЧthatЧ
ofЧ ¸s/ing,Θ asЧaЧmainЧbtanchЧisЧdistinguishedЧftomЧtheЧttunkЧofЧtheЧttee,Ч otЧ
tathetЧasЧtwinЧtteesЧateЧdistinguishedЧwhichЧclingЧtogethetЧandЧgtowЧintoЧ
one,ЧwithЧtheЧsameЧstemЧ_dansΘhĕmcmsΘssachs} ¨Θ,MaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧIn¸asncsΘ
s¸ΘHa/i/,Θ p.Ч ;6, ЧslightlyЧamplihed.-1tans. )Ч
1heЧstemЧ_ssachs¦ ¹ΕΘofЧtheЧeffott,Чthetefote,ЧisЧtheЧstemЧitselŲЧ1heЧeffottЧ
wotksЧtheЧstem,ЧinЧtheЧstemЧofЧtheЧego,ЧandЧsinceЧitЧisЧalsoЧtheЧotiginЧofЧtheЧ
ego,ЧitЧisЧanЧegoЧbefoteЧtheЧego,ЧegoЧwithoutЧegoЧotЧegoЧbefoteЧego.Ч1hisЧte-
lationЧtoЧoneself,ЧthisЧfacultyЧtoЧsayЧlЧotЧtoЧpositЧoneself,Ч¨self-identical, ¨ЧasЧ
l,Ч canЧ onlyЧ instituteЧitselʃЧftomЧtheЧstemЧitself,Ч inЧ aЧmemoty,Ч withЧ petsis-
tence,ЧinЧtepeatedЧeffotts,ЧandЧinЧself-tetention.ЧŮdЧsoЧitЧshouldЧnotЧsut-
ptiseЧusЧthatЧtheЧcleatestЧfotmulasЧonЧthisЧsubjectЧappeatЧatЧtheЧmomentЧ
whenЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧdealsЧwithЧwhatЧheЧtetmsЧ·éminiscsncsΘ¸¨memoty¨¦Ч
andЧthatЧtheЧmostЧintetestingЧfotmulasЧdiscteetlyЧputЧinЧcommunicationЧaЧ
thinkingЧofЧfotce,ЧpotentialЧpowet,ЧtheseЧtempotalizingЧdynamicsЧolЧtheЧef-
fott,ЧwithЧaЧthinkingЧofЧtheЧvittual.Ч
TbeϞmototϞdetetminationϞisϞaϞtendenç˰olϞtbeϞotganϞotϞtbeϞmototϞcentetϞtoϞ teĤ
peatϞ tbeϞactionϞotϞtbeϞmovementϞwbicbϞ basϞoccuttedϞlotϞtbeϞhtstϞtime.ϞɌbenϞ
tbisϞtendencyϞpassesϞltomϞtbeϞ cirtaa/˰toϞ tbeϞactaa/˰¸ɥɦ ctńȠ ,˰asϞ aϞtesultϞolϞteĤ
newedϞextetnalϞstimulation,ϞtbeϞindividualϞai//s˰andϞexecutesϞtbeϞsameϞmove-
ment.ϞHeϞisϞconsciousϞolϞaϞreneaed˰ƆƇrt˰ . . . .˰beteϞateϞtbeϞelementsϞolϞaϞtelation,Ϟ
aϞsubjectϞwbicbϞai/Ň,˰ alwaysϞ sell-identical,Ϟ andϞaϞvatiableϞtetm,Ϟ resistance˰ . . . . ˰
TbeϞmototϞbeƣngϞwboϞ basϞ acted,Ϟ andϞwboϞ actsϞ nowϞwitbϞ gteatetϞlacility,Ϟ
cannotϞpetceiveϞtbisϞdilletenceϞwitboutϞtecognizingϞbisϞownϞ identityϞasϞ ai/-
ing˰sa/¸ect.˰ 8utϞtbisϞtecognitionϞnecessatilyϞentai|sϞtbatϞolϞtbeϞendϞolϞtbeϞac-
tion,Ϟ tbeyϞptesupposeϞeacbϞotbet,ϞandϞateϞcloselyϞunitedϞinϞtbeϞsameϞimptes-
sionϞolϞeɹrt.˰ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ ;o-;i)Ϟ
1hisЧ intimateЧ unionЧ ofЧtwoЧ hetetogeneousЧ elementsЧ ,whichЧ ateЧdis-
assscia/sdΘinЧ aЧwayƋЧ constitutesЧ theЧptimitiveЧ factЧ olЧtheЧ effottЧ inЧ mixsdΘ
fashion,ЧandЧ thisЧptimitiveЧfactЧisЧanythingЧbutЧsimple.ЧAsЧeatlyЧasЧ onЧ theЧ
Iangsn/ΘIΘ
secondЧpageЧ ofЧtheЧ inttoduction,Ч MaineЧdeЧßitanЧhasЧtoЧspeakЧofЧsome-
thingЧ¨mingled¨ЧandЧofЧ¨htstЧteûįection¨ЧthatЧ¨hasЧdiscovetedЧaЧcompound. ¨ Ч
AndЧtheteЧtesidesЧhisЧfaithfulЧconcetn,Ч butЧalsoЧandЧat ЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧhisЧ
htstЧ unfaithfulnessЧ withЧ tespectЧ toЧ theЧ Idés/sgass'ΘanalytismЧ andЧ theitЧ
ctavingЧfotЧ anЧ ultimate,Ч simpleЧ elementЧotЧanЧ otiginatityЧthatЧwillЧ notЧ
bteakЧdown.Ч
AndЧwheteЧdoesЧtheЧh tstЧinstanceЧofЧtheЧwotdЧǺǻ·/Θoccut-theЧwotdЧ
Ǻǻ·/Θundetscoted:ЧltЧseemsЧ toЧbe,Ч stillЧ inЧtheЧinttoduction,ЧinЧtheЧcoutseЧ
ofЧtheЧh tstЧanalysisЧofЧtouch,Ч andЧmoteЧpteciselyЧmanaa/Θtouch.Ч1heЧex-
ptessionЧ¨onЧmyЧhand¨Ч comesЧupЧ thteeЧtimesЧtoЧscanЧaЧtheatticalЧaction, Ч
thatЧis,ЧgoingЧintoЧaction, ЧandЧmoteЧlitetallyЧintoЧsutgety,Ч thisЧmanualЧop-
etationЧthatЧcattiesЧtheЧhandЧfotwatdЧandЧputsЧitЧinЧcontactЧwithЧaЧfoteignЧ
body.Ч Rssis/ancs,Θ thenЧͿ΀ćĄ-asЧ ifЧevetythingЧwentЧbyЧwayЧofЧtheЧhand,Ч
theЧ humanЧ hand,Ч theЧthteeЧbeatsЧ ofЧaЧ humanЧ hand.Ч StattingЧwithЧ msi,Θ
withЧtheЧgenesisЧofЧŢĴi-asЧwillingЧmototЧsubj ect.Ч
A. Ч Fi·s/Θ /sa/ŲΘ ¨lfЧoneЧ placesЧ onЧ myЧhandЧ anЧ obj ectЧ whoseЧ sutfaceЧ isЧ
toughЧ . . . . Ч ¨Ч ltЧisЧtheЧmomentЧofЧpute,ЧputelyЧpassiveЧsensation, ЧtheЧ¨pattЧ
ofЧfeeling. ¨Ч1heЧmototЧfacultyЧisЧstillЧ¨patalyzed, ¨ЧtheЧegoЧ isЧ notЧdistinctЧ
ftomЧitsЧmodih cations.Ч
ß.Ч SscsndΘ/sa/.Θ¨lfЧtheЧobjectЧisЧleftЧsnΘm,ΘhandΘsupposingЧitЧtoЧhaveЧaЧ
cettainЧweight. Ч. . . Ч ¨Ч , HeteЧtheЧconceptЧ ofЧweighing,Ч ofЧwhichЧ weЧ spokeЧ
eatliet,ЧalsoЧcattiesЧovetЧtoЧtheЧhand.)ЧlЧfeelЧaЧ¨fotceЧopposedЧtoЧmine¨ЧbutЧ
itЧisЧnotЧyetЧtheЧsgsΘ actingЧtoЧtaiseЧotЧtoЧholdЧbackЧmЋЧatm,ЧevenЧifЧlЧalteadyЧ
knowЧ thatЧ theteЧ isЧ somethingЧ outsideЧ ofЧ meЧ ͢thatĂЧ challengesЧ allЧ theЧ
¨sophismsЧofЧidealism. ¨Ч
|. ĕ Ihi·dΘ/sa/.Θ¨ lf-theЧobjectЧstillЧtemainingЧsnΘm,ΘhandΘ¸myЧemЧ phЧ a-
sis-| . ЧD. Ă -lЧwishЧtoЧcloseЧtheЧhand,ЧandЧiʃЧ whileЧmyЧhngetsЧateЧfoldingЧ
backЧuponЧthemselves,ЧtheitЧmovementЧisЧsuddenlyЧstoppedЧbyЧanЧobsta-
cleЧonЧwhichЧtheyЧptessЧandЧ ¸that¦Ч thwattsЧ _ǹa·/s}Θ them,ЧaЧnewЧj udgmentЧ
isЧnecessaty,Ч/hisΘisΘns/Θćĕ 1heteЧisЧaЧvetyЧdistinctЧimptessionЧofЧsolidity,Ч ofЧ
tesistance,ЧwhichЧisЧcomposedЧofЧaЧthwattedЧmovement,ЧofЧanЧsȂ·/ΘɺthatĂЧ
lЧmake,ЧinЧwhichЧlЧamЧac/i·sΘ . . Ū . Θ
LetЧusЧstopЧanЧinstantЧonЧthisЧ imptessionЧofЧsȂ·/ΘwhichЧcomesЧ ftomЧ
anyЧthwa
΄
tedЧ_csnȩȟain/}Θ movement.ЧWeЧ mustЧleatnЧtoЧknowЧitЧwell¨Ч,MaineЧ
deЧ ßitan,ЧIn̗asncsΘs¸ΘHa/i/,Θ pp.Ч ·/ʇ
·
·) .Θ
Exsm¸/·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ 'Ĕ/ssh'Θ
¨WeЧ mustЧleatnЧtoЧknowЧitЧ _/a,Θ i . e. , ЧthisЧimptession¦Ч well , ¨ЧinЧtheЧhtstЧ
placeЧbecauseЧitЧisЧ aЧmattetЧtheteЧofЧbecomingЧknowledgeableЧaboutЧtheЧ
conditionЧitselfЧolЧtheЧknowing.Чlndeed,ЧanЧanalysisЧfollows,ЧwhichЧascendsЧ
alongЧtheЧthteeЧsegmentsЧ inЧtimeЧofЧthisЧhistotyЧofЧtheЧhandЧandЧmanualЧ
touch,ЧwithЧaЧviewЧtoЧshowingЧthatЧwithoutЧaЧwillingЧmototЧ subject,Ч theteЧ
isЧnoЧehott,ЧandЧwithoutЧeffott,ЧnoЧknowledge.ЧAndЧwithoutЧtheЧhand,ЧnotЧ
evenЧanЧideaЧfotЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧhisЧ_sic}Θ ownЧexistence,ЧasЧitЧwete.ЧltЧgoesЧon. Ч
LHottϞnecessatilyϞentailsϞtbeϞpetceptionϞolϞaϞtelationϞbetweenϞtbeϞbeingϞwboϞ
moves,ϞotϞwboϞwisbesϞtoϞmove,ϞandϞanyϞobstacleϞwbatsoevetϞwbicbϞisϞopposedϞ
toϞitsϞmovement,ϞwitboutϞaϞsa/¸ect˰otϞaϞwillϞwbicbϞdetetminesϞtbeϞmovement,Ϟ
witboutϞaϞsometbingϞwbicbϞtesists,ϞtbeteϞisϞnoϞƆƇʾt˰atϞall,ϞandϞwitboutϞeHottϞ
noϞknowledge,ϞnoϞpetceptionϞolϞanyϞkind.Ϟ
llϞtbeϞindividualϞdidϞnotϞai//˰otϞwasϞnotϞdetetminedϞtoϞbeginϞtoϞmove,ϞbeϞ
wouldϞknowϞnotbing.ϞllϞnotbingϞtesistedϞbim,ϞbeϞlikewiseϞwouldϞknowϞnotbł
ing,ϞbeϞwouldϞnotϞsuspectϞanyϞexistenceƘϞbeϞwouldϞnotϞevenϞbaveϞd iɓećϞolϞbisϞ
ownϞexistence.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp.Ϟ ,?)Ϟ
1henЧ comesЧ aЧ countetptoof,Ч whichЧ examinesЧ allЧ thatЧ wouldЧ comeЧ
about-otЧtathet,ЧallЧthatЧwouldЧnot-withoutЧmanualЧtouch,ЧshouldЧtheЧ
touchЧdieЧotЧvanishЧatЧtheЧthtesholdЧofЧtheЧΒtstЧbeat,ЧotЧtheЧsecond,ЧotЧtheЧ
thitd.ЧwhatЧwouldЧnotЧhappenЧisЧpetceptionЧandЧknowledge.Ч
AtЧtheЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧtheyЧhaveЧaЧhsͅΘasЧweЧ noted,Ч wheteЧtheyЧbuttЧ
againstЧaЧ¨mixed¨Ч andЧaЧ¨compound, ¨Ч theseЧanalysesЧandЧsynthesesЧimplyЧ
aЧhietatchyЧandЧaЧteleology.Ч ltteduciblyЧandЧessentially.Ч AtЧtheЧtopЧateЧtheЧ
willЧtoЧknowЧandЧtheЧwillingЧsubject-theЧeffott.ЧAtЧtheЧtopЧofЧtheЧsensesЧ
ofЧehottЧisЧthisЧquasi-senseЧthatЧisЧtouch,ЧtheЧulttasense.ЧAtЧtheЧtopЧofЧtheЧ
otgansЧ ofЧtouchЧ isЧ theЧ hand,Ч theЧwholeЧ hand,Ч itsЧ sutfaceЧ andЧ hngets.Ч AЧ
note'ȢЧevenЧenumetatesЧallЧthatЧwouldЧgoЧmissingЧfotЧwhoevetЧhadЧatЧhisЧotЧ
hetЧdisposalЧonlyЧtheЧtipЧofЧanЧexttemelyЧpointyЧh ngetnail.ЧWe'veЧteadЧitЧal-
teady-theЧhand,Ч ¨theЧfotemostЧinsttumentЧofЧanalysis, ¨Ч¨opensЧ aЧfeedingЧ
gtoundЧlotЧintellect¨Ч ,p.Ч 6i) .Ч
Now,Ч thisЧ handЧ isЧtheЧhandЧ ofЧman,Ч theЧhumanЧbeingЧasЧ anima/Θő/is-
na/s. ¹¹ΘHumansЧateЧtheЧ onlyЧbeingsЧwhoЧhaveЧ thisЧ handЧatЧtheitЧdisposal,Ч
theyЧaloneЧcanЧ /sach,Θ inЧtheЧsttongestЧandЧsttictestЧsense.Ч HumanЧbeingsЧ
touchЧ moteЧandЧtouchЧbettet.Ч1heЧhandЧisЧptopetlyЧhuman,Ч touchingЧisЧ
ptopetlyЧhuman.ЧitЧisЧtheЧsameЧptoposition.ЧWithoutЧplayingЧtooЧmuch,ЧweЧ
couldЧcallЧthisЧMaineЧdeЧßitan'sЧ¨humanualism¨Ч ¸hamainismsˆ-ƙșȭ̼͞ȭ̩ș̞Θ
theЧsameЧteleologicalЧhietatchyЧandЧtheЧsameЧptesuppositionsЧaboutЧtheЧanē
Iangsn/ΘI i ; ;Ч
imal,ЧyieldingЧtheЧsameЧknowledge,Ч theЧsameЧwill,ЧtheЧsameЧwillЧt oЧknow,Ч
butЧftequentlyЧalsoЧtheЧsameЧobscutantism.Ч
MaineЧdeЧ ßitan'sЧ tematkЧaboutЧanЧ elephant'sЧ ttunkЧisЧ notЧ disptovingЧ
thisЧhumanualism.ЧOnЧtheЧconttaty.ЧTheЧelephant'sЧttunkЧ¨fulhllsЧapptox-
imatelyЧtheЧsameЧfunctionsЧasЧ theЧhandЧofЧman. ¨ЧApptoximately.Ч Kantŀ
withinЧ theЧ sameЧ anthtopo-teleologicalЧ hietatchy-doesЧ notЧneglectЧ theЧ
fututeЧ ofЧtheЧ otangutanЧ otЧtheЧchimpanzeeЧwhoЧ couldЧ oneЧ dayЧdevelopЧ
neat-humanЧ otgans,Ч otgansЧ thatЧ canЧ beЧusedЧtoЧhandle,Ч touch,Ч palpate,Ч
gtopeЧ andЧ feelЧ obj ectsЧ andЧspeakЧ ,¨zumЧ befέήhlenЧ detЧGegenstͮndeЧ undЧ
zumЧsptechen¨) . 'ŻЧMaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧfotЧhisЧpatt,Чj umpsЧsttaightЧtoЧtheЧele-
phant,ЧandЧifЧtheЧlattetЧisЧplacedЧatЧtheЧtopЧofЧtheЧscaleЧofЧlivingЧbeings,ЧitЧ
isЧonlyЧtoЧ theЧextentЧthat,ЧthanksЧtoЧwhatЧisЧ ¨apptoximately¨Ч aЧknowingЧ
hand,Чnamely,ЧitsЧttunk,ЧtheЧelephantЧtesemblesЧhumanЧbeingsЧtoЧaЧcettainЧ
extent.ЧAЧlongЧnoteЧonceЧagainЧinvokesЧßuffon'sЧauthotity.Ч KnowledgeableЧ
intelligenceЧandЧaboveЧallЧms/s·Θac/i·i/¸ΘandЧms/i/iŒ,ΘwhichЧconditionЧitŀ
theseЧateЧtheЧotganizingЧctitetiaЧofЧthisЧanthtopo-zoologicalЧcompatatismЧ
andЧthisЧteleologicalЧhietatchy.Ч
TbeϞelepbant'sϞttunkϞlulhơllsϞa¸¸roximateþ˰tbeϞsameϞlunctionsϞasϞ tbeϞbandϞolϞ
man,Ϟmotor˰acticit,˰andϞsensibleϞleelingϞcanϞbeϞloundϞinϞitϞequallyϞunitedϞtoϞaϞ
petlectϞdegtee.ϞTbetelote,ϞasϞ8uHonϞtematked,Ϟ tbisϞotganϞisϞdoubtlessϞtbeϞoneϞ
toϞwbicbϞtbeϞelepbantϞowesϞ tbeϞintelligentϞleatutesϞ distinguisbingϞit. ϞWbenϞ
compatingϞtbeϞlacultiesϞolϞvatiousϞspeciesϞolϞanimals,ϞoneϞmayϞ¸erha¸s˰notϞhndϞ
itϞdilh cultϞtoϞptoveϞtbatϞtbeseϞlacultiesϞateϞnotϞsoϞmucbϞptopottionalϞinϞnum-
betϞotϞinϞtelationϞtoϞ tbeϞ tehnementϞolϞtbeϞsensesϞ tbanϞtoϞ tbeϞacticit,˰andϞtbeϞ
petlectionϞolϞtbeϞmotor˰otgans,ϞlessϞtoϞtbeϞenetgyϞandϞvetyϞ¸¸ro¸re¦˰ delicacyϞolϞ
sensibleϞleelingϞ ¸/a˰sensi/i/ité}˰ tbanϞtoϞtbeϞptomptϞcottespondence,Ϟ tbeϞcon-
stantϞequilibtiumϞtbatϞsensibleϞleelingϞenjoysϞwitbϞtegatdϞtoϞ moti/it,ǺŧȀ˰
ŷːApptoximately, ''Ч ¨pethaps¨.ЧtheseЧsignsЧofЧempiticistЧcautionЧdisappeatЧ
atЧtheЧtopЧofЧ¨allЧtheЧtanksЧinЧtheЧscale¨Ч -whichЧgoesЧftomЧmanЧ¨downЧtoЧ
theЧpolyp,¨ЧftomЧtheЧmostЧ¨motot¨ЧtoЧtheЧmostЧsensibleЧotЧtheЧmostЧpassiveЧ
-whenЧtheЧ¨admitable¨ЧandЧ¨petfection,¨Ч¨humanЧpteeminence,¨ЧandЧ¨theЧ
foundationЧotЧtheЧconditionsЧofЧhumanЧpteeminence¨ЧateЧwhatЧisЧadmited.Ч
¨TheЧexttemeЧsubdivisionЧofЧhumanЧnetves,ЧtheЧptopottionЧandЧadmitableЧ
disttibutionЧofЧsensibleЧandЧ mototЧ otgans,Ч theЧpetfectionЧofЧtheseЧotgansЧ
,especiƩlyЧofЧtheЧhandЧandЧtheЧvocalЧotgan) ,ЧtheitЧcottespondenceЧwithinЧaЧ
uniqueЧcentetЧbuiltЧonЧsuchЧaЧpeculiatЧplane-suchЧateЧptobablyЧtheЧfoun-
dationЧotЧtheЧconditionsЧofЧhumanЧpteeminence. ¨ĊżЧ
ǰ ; |Ч Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
SevetalЧ pathsЧateЧopenЧtoЧwhoevetЧmayЧwishЧtoЧinquiteЧfutthetЧintoЧthisЧ
humanЧ destinatȊonЧ ofЧtheЧ handЧ inЧsuchЧ aЧ discoutseЧ aboutЧtheЧ senseЧ ofЧ
touch.ЧOneЧmayЧaskЧoneselfЧwhatЧtheЧsxsm¸/a·i/,ΘofЧthisЧhumanЧhandЧsig-
nihes.Ч lnЧ Nancy'sЧ discoutse,ЧinЧwhatЧheЧsaysЧaboutЧ¨myЧbody¨Ч asЧwellЧasЧ
theЧ¨/schnëΘofЧbodies, ¨ЧthisЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧabsent,Чptecisely,ЧotЧimplicitlyЧandЧ
ptacticallyЧcalledЧintoЧquestion.ЧAƯdЧwhatЧheЧsaysЧ isЧasЧ foteignЧtoЧtheЧhu-
manisticЧphilosophyЧofЧtheЧhandЧasЧtoЧthisЧcontinuisticЧintuitionism,ЧthisЧ
cultЧ ofЧnatutalЧ immediacy,Ч whichЧ hasЧ inspitedЧ soЧ manyЧcelebtationsЧ ofЧ
touching.ЧWeЧ needЧtoЧteteadЧ¨/schnëΘofЧbodies, ¨ЧinЧĞsƥơasΘagainЧandЧagain,Ч
sinceЧ thisЧ ¨questionЧofЧtheЧhand, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧaЧhistotyЧofЧtheЧhand,ЧasЧ
weЧ know,Ч temains-shouldЧ temain-impossibleЧ toЧ dissociateЧ ftomЧ theЧ
histotyЧofЧtechnicsЧandЧitsЧintetptetation, ЧasЧwellЧasЧftomЧallЧtheЧptoblemsЧ
thatЧlinkЧtheЧhistotyЧofЧtheЧhandЧwithЧaЧhominizingЧptocess.'ĭЧltЧisЧalsoЧtheЧ
questionЧofЧtheЧeyeЧandЧtheЧquestionЧofЧtheЧmouth,ЧofЧcoutse.ЧßutЧweЧneedЧ
whatЧweЧdeemedЧtoЧbeЧtheЧnecessatyЧstattingЧpoint.ЧfotЧNancyЧtheЧques-
tionЧofЧtheЧmouthЧ ,/acca)Θ isЧnotЧtoЧbeЧteducedЧtoЧtheЧquestionЧofЧotalityЧ
thatЧspeaksЧ,ss) .Θ
TheteЧateЧsevetalЧpathsЧtoЧintetptetЧtheЧexemplatityЧofЧthisЧhumanЧhand,Ч
andЧthatЧisЧbecause,ЧevenЧwithЧMaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧitЧcanЧhaveЧaЧ/s/ss/sgica/ΘandЧ
thusЧitteplaceableЧ ,seeminglyЧdominantƋЧ sense,Ч asЧwellЧasЧ aЧ¸sƊgsgica/ΘandЧ
secondatyЧone,Ч whichЧisЧvittuallyЧptegnantЧwithЧevetyЧkindЧofЧmetonymy.Ч
manualЧtouchingЧasЧtheЧ/ss/Θexample,ЧaЧconvenientЧandЧeloquentЧsample,Чal-
beitЧteplaceableЧandЧdispensable.ЧTheЧ¨hgute¨ЧofЧtheЧhandЧcouldЧwellЧbeЧtheЧ
/ss/ΘontoteleologȊcalЧhgute,ЧtheЧ/ss/ΘthetoticalЧhgute,ЧotЧaЧttopeЧamongЧoth-
etsЧtoЧexposeЧwhatЧanЧ¨otganЧofЧtouch¨Ч otЧtactilityЧisЧinЧ genetal.Ч AlthoughЧ
theЧteleologicalЧsenseЧgivesЧitsЧotientationЧtoЧtheЧpedagogicalЧsenseЧofЧtheЧex-
ample,ЧalthoughЧtheЧtwoЧsensesЧdoЧnotЧseemЧtoЧbeЧdissociableЧinЧMaineЧdeЧ
ßitanЧandЧsoЧmanyЧothets,Ч theyЧtemainЧ distinctЧinЧptincipleЧandЧdeЧj ute.Ч
ThisЧcanЧalsoЧbeЧexplainedЧbyЧtheЧquasi-¨ttanscendental¨ЧpatadoxЧevokedЧ
eatliet.Ч¨Ttanscendentalism¨ЧisЧalwaysЧguidedЧbyЧaЧmoteЧotЧlessЧsutteptitiousЧ
¨exemplatism. ¨ЧAĕ soonЧasЧ touchЧisЧdetetminedЧasЧ theЧmastetЧsenseЧotЧtheЧ
otiginatyЧsenseЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧteasoningЧthatЧtutnsЧitЧintoЧsomethingЧothetЧandЧ
moteЧthanЧaЧ,sensitiveЧandЧpassiveƋЧ sense,Ч oneЧ mayЧincludeЧitЧinЧtheЧlistЧ ofЧ
theЧ sensesЧ otЧ j ustЧ asЧ wellЧ excludeЧ it.Ч AndЧ asЧ soonЧ asЧ theЧ tactileЧ isЧ conse-
quentlyЧaЧsenseЧthatЧisЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧlocalizableЧandЧunlocalizable,ЧitsЧlo-
calЧteptesentationЧ,fotЧexampleЧotЧpatЧexcellence,ЧtheЧhandЧotЧtheЧhngetsЧofЧ
theЧhandƋЧbecomesЧnecessatyЧandЧj ustЧasЧwellЧcontingentЧandЧatbittaty.Ч
WʋeteЧcanЧweЧhndЧaЧptoof,ЧotЧatЧleastЧaЧsign,Ч ofЧthis:ЧWell,ЧfotЧexample,Ч
Iangsn/ΘIΘ i ; ; Ч
i nЧtheЧfactЧthatЧtheЧsameЧphilosophyЧofЧeffottЧandЧmototЧspontaneity,Ч theЧ
sameЧdiscoutseЧaboutЧanЧessentialЧlinkЧbetweenЧehottЧandЧtouch,Ч theЧsameЧ
ptaiseЧ ofЧtheitЧcommonЧ pteeminenceЧ inЧtheЧhumanЧ ¨petsonality¨Ч canЧ beЧ
displayedЧwithoutЧaЧ detetminingЧteletence,ЧpethapsЧwithoutЧevenЧanЧallu-
sion,Ч toЧ theЧhand.Ч lĚlixЧRavaisson,ЧasЧfatЧasЧ lЧ canЧtell,ЧnevetЧmentionsЧ theЧ
handЧinЧhisЧthesisЧonЧhabitЧ,DsΘ/ƽa/i/adsΘ¸i?;?Ă ) . ЧĕetЧheЧplainly,Ч andЧoġenЧ
wotdЧfotЧwotd,ЧdetivesЧhisЧaxiomsЧftomЧMaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧwhomЧheЧmote-
ovetЧoftenЧ cites-whichЧ doesЧ notЧ limitЧ theЧotiginalityЧofЧwotkЧthatЧleadsЧ
elsewheteЧtoЧwhatЧlЧhaveЧj ustЧfotЧconvenience'sЧsakeЧtetmedЧhisЧaxioms.Ч1heЧ
onesЧ thatЧ mattetЧ toЧ usЧ heteЧ haveЧ toЧ doЧ withЧ mototЧ activity,Ч effott,Ч andЧ
touching.Ч lfЧmovementЧptesupposesЧaЧpowetЧexceedingЧtesistance,ЧtheЧtela-
tionЧbetweenЧpowetЧandЧtesistanceЧcanЧbeЧmeasutedЧbyЧtheЧconsciousnessЧofЧ
theЧehottЧthatЧthusЧ envelopsЧ activityЧandЧpassivity.Ч EffottЧsituatesЧ theЧlocusЧ
ofЧequilibtiumЧbetweenЧ ¨actionЧandЧpassion, ¨ЧasЧbetweenЧ¨petceptionЧandЧ
sensation. ¨ЧRavaissonЧthenЧcallsЧonЧAtistotleЧ,invokingЧtheЧPs·iΘ¸sachës,Θ onЧ
theЧsubjectЧofЧfotce),ЧandЧonЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧespecially,Ч asЧheЧtakesЧtheЧcon-
sciousnessЧofЧehottЧfotЧtheЧmanifestationЧofЧpetsonality,ЧundetЧ¨theЧeminentЧ
fotmЧofЧvoluntatyЧactivityğ ¨ɠȥЧlnЧhisЧLaΘ¸hi/sss¸hisΘsnΘF·ancsΘaaΘ˟˝sΘ siecȒsΘ
,i?6?) ,ɠ
ƦЧ
RavaissonЧptaisesЧMaineЧdeЧ ßitanЧfotЧhavingЧttanslatedЧ¨l Ч/hin/Θ
thetefoteЧ lЧ am¨Ч intoЧ ¨lЧ ai//ΘthetͽfoteЧ lЧ am¨Ч-andЧ notЧ only,Ч asЧ Metleau-
lontyЧ,quotedЧeatliet)ЧalsoЧnoted,ЧintoЧ¨lЧcan. ¨ЧßutЧwhatЧdiffetenceЧisЧtheteЧ
betweenЧ¨lЧamЧwillingЧtoЧbeЧableЧto¨Ч _¸sΘ·saxΘ¸sa·si·}Θ andЧ¨lЧamЧableЧtoЧbeЧ
willingЧ to¨Ч _¸sΘ¸saxΘ·sa/si·} ·Θ Now,Ч asЧ effottЧ cannotЧ beЧ dissociatedЧ ftomЧ
touch,ЧtouchЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧȻlhllsЧitЧandЧcovetsЧ theЧentiteЧheldЧofЧexpe-
tience,ЧevetyЧintetvalЧandЧevetyЧdegteeЧbetweenЧpassivityЧandЧactivity.Ч1ouchЧ
_/ac/} ,ΘtheЧeminentЧsenseЧofЧehott,ЧisЧalsoЧtheЧnameЧofЧallЧtheЧsenses.Ч¨EhottЧ
isЧfulhlledЧinЧtouchЧ_/ac/} .Θ1ouchЧ_/ac/}Θ extendsЧftomЧtheЧexttemityЧofЧpassionЧ
toЧtheЧexttemityЧofЧaction.Ч lnЧitsЧdevelopmentЧitЧcomptisesЧallЧtheitЧintet-
mediateЧdegtees,Чand,ЧatЧevetyЧdegtee,ЧitЧbeatsЧoutЧtheitЧlawЧofЧteciptocity. ¨'ǵЧ
AndЧso,Ч touchЧoccupiesЧ/asΘ¸/acssΘinЧtheЧanalysesЧdedicatedЧtoЧthisЧ¨de-
velopment¨,Ч thisЧseemsЧtoЧcomplyЧwithЧtheЧßitanianЧlegacy.Ч
A.ЧOnЧtheЧoneЧhand,Чtouch,ЧasΘsach,ΘoccupiesЧaЧmedianЧandЧidsa/ΘtegionЧ
ofЧeffottЧpoisedЧbetweenЧpassivityЧandЧactivity.Ч OnЧthisЧscote,Ч itЧisЧtheЧvetyЧ
bestЧthingЧaboutЧaЧhumanЧbeing.Ч¨ ltЧisЧinЧtheЧmedianЧtegionЧofЧtouch,ЧitЧisЧ
inЧthisЧmystetiousЧmiddleЧtetmЧofЧtheЧeffott,Ч thatЧoneЧ h nds,ЧwithЧteûįec-
tion, ЧtheЧcleatestЧandЧ mostЧassutedЧconsciousnessЧolЧpetsonality. ¨ŻNJЧ
1hisЧattentionЧpaidЧtoЧtheЧ¨middleЧtetm¨Ч noЧdoubtЧconhtmsЧaЧfaithfulЧ
Atistotelianism. ЧltЧis,Чhowevet,ЧofЧintetestЧheteЧftomЧanothetЧpointЧofЧview.Ч
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
1hisЧ attentionЧseemsЧ insepatableЧ ftomЧtheЧ csn/inaismΘwhoseЧsymptomsЧ
weЧhaveЧttackedЧthtoughЧnumetousЧintuitionisticЧandЧspititualisticЧhap-
tologies,Ч bothЧclassicalЧandЧmodetn.Ч ßyЧtheЧsameЧtoken,Ч itЧisЧalsoЧinsepa-
table-andЧthisЧaspectЧisЧj ustЧasЧdecisive-ftomЧaЧpostulatedЧindi·isi/i/i/,.Θ
,Ğsn/inai/,ΘandΘindi·isi/i/i/,.Θ twoЧ ttaitsЧthatЧcouldЧhelpЧ usЧ toЧ fotmalizeЧ
theЧwholeЧmetaphysicsЧofЧtouch,ЧwhichЧisЧoftenЧanЧexptesslyЧspititualisticЧ
metaphysics,ЧsometimesЧaЧmattetЧofЧ¨humanisms. ¨ ЧNancyЧseemsЧtoЧbteakЧ
awayЧftomЧhaptocenttistЧmetaphysics,ЧotЧatЧleastЧtoЧdistanceЧhimselfЧftomЧ
it.ЧHisЧdiscoutseЧaboutЧtouchЧisЧneithetЧintuitionisticЧnotЧcontinuistic,Чho-
mogenistic,ЧotЧindivisibilistic.ЧWhatЧitЧhtstЧtecallsЧisЧshating,Чpatting,Чpatti-
tioning,Ч andЧdiscontinuity,Ч intettuption,Чcaesuta-inЧaЧwotd,Чsyncope.Ч lnЧ
accotdanceЧwithЧaЧ¨myЧbody¨ЧthatЧhƁndsЧitselfЧinvolvedЧftomЧtheЧoutsetЧwithЧ
aЧ/schnëΘasЧitteducibleЧtoЧ¨natute¨ЧasЧ toЧ ¨spitit, ¨ЧandЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧaЧ
senseЧofЧtouchЧthatЧNancyЧalwaysЧdesctibesЧasЧ¨local,Чmodal,Чftactal. ¨ϰǀ Ч
HowЧdoesЧRavaissonЧlinkЧhi sЧovetvaluationЧofЧtheЧmiddleЧtetmЧ,whichЧ
isЧtoЧsayЧofЧ/sach,ΘasЧweЧ haveЧj ustЧseen)Ч withЧ suchЧ anЧindivisibilisticЧcon-
tinuism:ЧHeЧdoesЧitЧbyЧintetptetingЧtheЧconceptЧofЧms·smsn/Θ,j ustЧasЧfun-
damentalЧinЧhisЧeyes) ,Ч andЧbyЧdetetminingЧ it,ЧstattingЧftomЧtheЧnecessityЧ
ofЧitsЧmeasute,ЧitsЧfaitЧmeasute-thatЧis,ЧtheЧbestЧ·s/a/isn.ΘOneЧisЧtemptedЧ
toЧsay,Ч itsЧ/sgss.Θ ltЧisЧthete,ЧinЧwhatЧlooksЧlikeЧaЧmagicЧttickЧotЧanЧeffectЧofЧ
mitaculousЧgtace,ЧbyЧdintЧofЧaЧ¨confusion¨ЧotЧtheЧsimpleЧexplanationЧthatЧ
itЧ¨implies, ¨ЧthatЧtheЧdivisibleЧbecomesЧindivisibleЧandЧtheЧintetvalЧhllsЧup.Ч
AndЧ itЧ isЧ alsoЧ thete,Ч moteЧ otЧ lessЧ inЧ sectet,Ч inЧaЧ moteЧ otЧ lessЧ clandestineЧ
fashion,ЧthatЧaЧhguteЧofЧtouchЧ,¨exttemesЧ/sach¨Θ _/ssΘsx/·cmssΘseЧtouchent¦ )Ч
gtoundsЧthisЧmetaphysicsЧofЧtheЧlifeЧofЧtheЧspititЧasЧaЧmetaphysicsЧofЧtouch.Ч
1hisЧisЧaЧpetmanentЧtemptation,ЧandЧanyЧthinkingЧofЧtouchЧmustЧtemainЧ
vigilantЧbefoteЧit,ЧwhichЧisЧwhyЧlЧamЧinsistingЧonЧit.Ч Ravaisson. Ч
MovemeutϞgivesϞiutetvalsϞaϞmeasute.ϞTheϞiutetvalϞim¸/ies˰the-iuhuitelyϞdi-
˝ŁsƓɋʜĻţcontinait,˰olϞtheϞmiddle.ϞCoutiuuityϞim¸/ies˰auϞindicisi//e˰miɔ/e˰term˰
whete,Ϟ thtoughoutϞtheϞexteusiouϞolϞtheϞmiddle,ϞatϞauyϞdistauceϞltomϞoueϞotϞ
theϞothetϞextteme,Ϟ exttemesϞ toach˰ audϞoppositesϞateϞcon¸ased˰ o . o .Ϟ LxttemesϞ
toach˰evetywhete,Ϟ theϞptiucipleϞaudϞtheϞeudϞateϞconƋʯsed.˰ ThisϞimmediate˰iu-
telligeuceϞisϞcoucteteϞthought,ϞwheteϞtheϞideaϞisϞ¸ased˰iuϞ8eiug.ϞThisϞimmedi-
ate˰willϞisϞ desiteĜϞotϞtathetϞlove,ϞwhichϞpossessesϞaudϞdesitesϞatϞtheϞsameϞtime. ʼnėϞ
ß. ЧßutЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧandЧsimultaneously,Ч touchЧcovetsЧtheЧheldЧofЧ
theЧothetЧfoutЧsenses,Ч ftomЧtheЧmostЧpassiveЧandЧ leastЧ mobileЧ ,tasteЧandЧ
Iangsn/ΘıЧ nj ;/Ч
smell)Ч toЧtheЧloftiestЧ Ǫ·s/s·és} ,Θ endowedЧwithЧmovementЧinЧ theitЧ functionЧ
,heatingЧandЧsight) .Ч¨lnЧtheЧfoutЧsensesЧplacedЧatЧintetvalsЧbetweenЧtheЧex-
ttemeЧlimitsЧofЧtheЧdevelopmentЧofЧtouch,ЧtheЧsameЧtelationsЧptevai|,Чsub-
j ectedЧtoЧtheЧsameЧlawЧ . . . . Ч AЧptofoundЧlawЧtevealsЧitselfЧoutside,ЧinЧtheЧse-
tiesЧofЧtheЧvatiousЧsenses,ЧftomЧtheЧhtstЧtoЧtheЧlastЧfotmЧofЧtouch,ЧthtoughЧ
theЧptogtessiveЧsymmettyЧandЧ independenceЧ ofЧtheЧotgans,Ч theitЧsepata-
tionЧinЧspace,ЧandЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧtheitЧhatmonyЧinЧmovement. ¨ŚŚЧ
lnЧtheseЧtathetЧlimitedЧtefetencesЧtoЧRavaisson,ЧlЧamЧthusЧattihciallyЧiso-
latingЧthisЧwithdtawalЧ ofЧtheЧhand.ЧToЧ myЧ soleЧ question-namely,Ч whyЧ
doesЧ thisЧ intetptetationЧofЧtouchЧ keepЧ silentЧaboutЧtheЧhand,Ч althoughЧitЧ
hasЧtakenЧ ovetЧalmostЧevetythingЧftomЧMaineЧdeЧ ßitanЧandЧwhatЧlЧ haveЧ
tetmedЧhisЧ¨humanualism¨:-theЧpossibleЧanswetЧisЧofЧtwoЧtypes,Ч otЧtathetЧ
itЧisЧaЧtwo-facedЧanswet.ЧlfЧRavaissonЧappatentlyЧavoidsЧanthtopocenttismЧ
otЧ anthtopologism,Ч ifЧheЧ doesЧ notЧ lockЧ himselfЧintoЧ aЧ desctiptionЧ thatЧ
wouldЧpayЧmuchЧattentionЧtoЧtheЧhumanЧhand,ЧitЧisЧalsoЧbecauseЧhisЧput-
poseЧisЧtoЧestablishЧaЧspititualisticЧmetaphysicsЧoflife,ЧaЧgenetalЧontologyЧofЧ
theЧliving,ЧwhichЧisЧtevealedЧftomЧoneЧendЧofЧhisЧbookЧtoЧtheЧothet,ЧandЧoti-
entsЧhisЧintetptetationЧofЧtouch.Ч¨ThusЧitЧisЧinЧtheЧptincipleЧofЧlifeЧthatЧna-
tuteЧasЧwellЧasЧ ßeingЧptopetlyЧconsistƍ ¨Ś
ƓЧ
ThisЧlifeЧaspitesЧtoЧspitit,Ч itЧtendsЧ
toЧ becomeЧlifeЧofЧtheЧspitit.Ч ltomЧ theЧ otiginЧ toЧ theЧend,Ч itЧptecedes,Ч tta-
vetses,ЧandЧovetHowsЧtheЧhumanityЧofЧtheЧhumanЧwithoutЧceasingЧtoЧins¸i·sΘ
otЧas¸i·sΘtoЧ it,Ч andЧ thetefoteЧ toЧ h nalizeЧitƍЧ ltЧ isЧbyЧteasonЧ ofЧthisЧexcessЧofЧ
hnalityЧotЧhnalismЧthatЧtheteЧisЧnotЧevenЧanyЧfutthetЧneedЧtoЧstopЧatЧtheЧhu-
manЧhand.ЧlinalismЧisЧdeclatedǓЧitЧdehnesЧtheЧfteedomЧofЧspitit,Чnamely,ЧtheЧ
ptincipleЧofЧlife,Ч asЧ theЧ ptevalenceЧ ofЧhnalЧ causesЧ ovetЧefhcientЧones.ЧTheЧ
¨necessity¨Ч ofЧhabit,Ч thisЧ¨vittue, ¨ЧisЧnotЧaЧnecessityЧofЧconsttaintЧbutЧofЧat-
ttactionЧandЧdesite.Ч ¨lndeed,Ч itЧisЧ aЧlaw,Ч theЧ /aaΘs¸Θmsm/s·sΘ ¸SaintЧlaul¦ ,Ч
whichЧfollowsЧtheЧfteedomЧofЧspitit.Ч ßutЧ thisЧ lawЧisЧaЧ/aaΘs¸Θg·acs.Θ ļtЧisЧ theЧ
hnalЧcause,ЧwhichЧ incteasinglyЧptevailsЧovetЧtheЧeƗcientЧcauseЧabsotbingЧitЧ
withinЧit. ¨ŚƔЧ
LifeЧ ¨im¸/issΘtheЧoppositionЧofЧteceptivityЧandЧspontaneity,¨ŚɢЧwithoutЧ
whichЧtheteЧisЧneithetЧeffottЧnotЧtouch,ЧthatЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч noЧconsciousness.ЧNoЧ
spitit.ЧOftenЧinHuencedЧbyЧ͠avietЧßichatǧsЧRschs·chssΘ¸h,sis/sgiqassΘsa·Θ/aΘ
·isΘs/Θsa·Θ/aΘ ms·/,ʚěΘfutthetЧdevelopmentsЧaboundЧandЧateЧdedicatedЧtoЧ theЧ
livingЧandЧitsЧdiseasesЧandЧpatasites.ЧTheyЧallЧbtingЧintoЧplayЧanЧontoteleol-
ogyЧ ofЧlife,Ч whichЧ isЧ also,Ч indissociably,Ч anЧ ontoЧtheologyЧ ofЧdesiteЧ andЧ
gtace.Ч lnЧotdetЧtoЧexitЧtheЧ¨citcle¨Ч andЧ¨hndЧtheЧbeginning,¨Ч betweenЧtheЧ
effottЧthatЧimpliesЧ tesistanceЧandЧtesistanceЧthatЧmanifestsЧitselfЧinЧeffott,Ч
Eȯsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
oneЧ mustЧimplantЧwillЧ inЧaЧdesite,Ч ¨ptimotdialЧinstinct¨.Ч ¨na/a·sΘitsel̷¨ł
ƦЧ
lollowingЧaЧ gestuteЧ thatЧ lЧ believeЧ toЧbeЧtypical,Ч andЧ olЧwhichЧ RavaissonЧ
wasЧnotЧ theЧ lastЧ toЧ olletЧ anЧ example,Ч asЧ weЧ shallЧ see,Ч hisЧinvocationsЧolЧ
SaintЧlaul,Ż̚ЧSaintЧAugustine,ƑƎЧ Malebtanche,ЧandЧlĚnelonЧimmediatelyЧ
telay,Ч inЧotdetЧtoЧspititualizeЧandЧevangelizeЧit,ЧtheЧAtistotelianЧinspitationЧ
thatЧa|teadyЧliesЧatЧtheЧcoteЧolЧthisЧphilosophyЧinЧtheЧvetyЧintetptetationЧolЧ
desiteЧ,s·sȯis) .Θ¨NatuteЧisЧwhollyЧinЧdesite,ЧandЧdesiteЧinЧtheЧgoodЧwhichЧat-
ttactsЧ it.Ч AndЧso,Ч theseЧptoloundЧwotdsЧltomЧaЧptoloundЧtheologianЧcanЧ
sttictlyЧbeЧvetihed.Ч ĉNatuteЧisЧptevenientЧgtace. ' ЧltЧisЧGodЧinЧus,Ч GodЧcon-
cealedЧsolelyЧbyЧteasonЧolЧbeingЧtooЧlatЧinside,ЧinЧthisЧinnetmostЧintimacyЧ
olЧoutselvesЧthatЧweЧcannotЧlathom. ¨
ƓřЧ
SomeЧmightЧ claim,Ч andЧmayЧevenЧdemonsttateЧ ,thisЧisЧtheЧsecondЧlaceЧ
olЧtheЧsameЧanswet) ,ЧthatЧwhatЧisЧhiding,ЧinЧthisЧwithdtawalЧolЧtheЧhumanЧ
hand,ЧsoЧasЧtoЧactЧinЧsectet,ЧisЧtheЧhandЧolЧGod.ЧlsЧthisЧj ustЧanothetЧhgute:Ч
HowЧisЧoneЧtoЧsepatateЧthisЧ¨ptevenientЧgtace¨ЧltomЧallЧtheЧssnsssΘandЧwaysЧ
olЧtheЧ Gospel,ЧltomЧitsЧ lightЧotЧHesh:ЧAndЧ lncatnation:ЧAndЧ patticulatlyЧ
theЧmitaculousЧtouchЧolЧChtist:Ч
§ b Åan_cnt !!
¨Fcr c\cm¡/c, m, hcnd''-' Ihc hcnd it·cþ¨-
¨Fcr c\cm¡/c, thc }ngcr¨-¨Fcr c\cm¡/c,
!ĕ ¸c/ m, hccrt'
¨lotЧexampleЧ. . . Ч myЧ. . . Ч hand¨ЧisЧHussetl'sЧphtase,ЧandЧsoЧisЧ¨fotЧexamƜ
ple,Ч theЧ. . . Чhnget.¨Ч SometimesЧitЧisЧzamΘŀsis¸is/ΘthatЧ¨fotЧexample¨Ч ttans-
latesЧ,fotЧexample,Ч myЧhand) ,Ч andЧsometimesЧitЧisЧs/aaΘ,apptoximatelyЧas,Ч
like,ЧfotЧexampleЧ. . . Ч theЧhnget) .Ч
Hence,Чexemplatiness.ЧWhyЧhaveЧlЧ insistedЧsoЧmuchЧ onЧthisЧ ambiguityЧ
ofЧsxam¸/ss,Θ andЧtheЧexampleЧofЧtheЧhand,ЧinЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧandЧRavais-
son:ЧlotЧnumetousЧteasons,ЧandЧtoЧputsueЧmo϶eЧthanЧoneЧmotif,Ч tunningЧ
actossЧallЧtheЧvaluesЧofЧexemplatiness.Ч
I . 1heЧ ·andsmΘ sample.Ч theЧhandЧasЧ anЧ ind̪̒·sn/ΘexampleЧofЧaЧtactileЧ
otgan,Ч
2. Ie/ss/sgica/Θvalue.Ч theЧhandЧasЧtheЧ/ss/ΘexampleЧofЧwhatЧchatactetizesЧ
theЧ hamanΘ /sing,Θ atЧtheЧtopЧ ofЧanЧ ontologicalЧhieĒatchy-fotЧattaining,Ч
takingЧ ž¸·snd·s¦ ,Θ comptehending,Чanalyzing,Чknowing,ЧknowingЧhowЧtoЧ
handЧout,ЧandЧsoЧfotth,Ч
). AndЧaboveЧall,ЧshallЧlЧ say,Ч aЧsimulactumЧofЧaЧsampleЧwhoseЧsymptomЧ
wouldЧgiveЧawayЧ anothet,Ч hiddenЧ teleology.Ч theЧhandЧmayЧnotЧbeЧanЧex-
ampleЧamongЧothetsЧbutЧtheЧbestЧms/sn,m,ΘofЧsomeЧothet-otЧmoteЧthanЧ
one-tactileЧ,otЧnontactile)ЧbodilyЧlocus,ЧandЧofЧaЧ¨self-touching¨ЧotЧaЧsup-
plementatyЧ¨touching-touched,¨ЧwhichЧcouldЧgoЧthtoughЧtheЧhand,ЧotЧhandЧ
itselfЧout,Ч butЧwouldЧnotЧstopЧatЧit.Ч lЧamЧsayingЧa/s·sΘa//ΘtheЧsymptomЧofЧaЧ
metonymy,Ч because,ЧasЧ lЧ haveЧ tematked,Ч weЧ haveЧalwaysЧhadЧtoЧ tteatЧtheЧ
questionЧofЧtouchЧwithinЧtheЧevet-openЧpossibilityЧofЧsomeЧhgutality,Ч someЧ
hgutalЧsubstituteЧotЧsupplementЧendlesslyЧtunningЧtowatdЧitsЧ¨ownЧptopet¨Ч
abyss.Ч touchingЧhǙgutes-andЧtheЧtechnicalЧpattakesЧofЧtheЧgame.ЧĐȡ
ActossЧallЧtheseЧteasons,ЧwhichЧateЧintetlacedЧwithoutЧexcludingЧoneЧan-
J
\
Y
i 6oЧ Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
othet,Ч lЧhaveЧ alsoЧttiedЧtoЧptepateЧ toЧintettogateЧtheЧ¨ptopetly¨Чphenome-
nologicalЧmomentЧofЧthisЧhistotyЧofЧtouch-henceЧHussetl'sЧhandЧandЧh n-
gets,ЧandЧtheЧzamΘBsis¸is/ΘandЧtheЧs/aaΘcitedЧbefoteЧweЧstatted.ЧToЧ intetķ
togateЧaЧ ¨ptopetly¨Ч phenomenologicalЧ momentЧisЧh tstЧandЧfotemost,Ч asЧ
well,Ч toЧ askЧoutselvesЧ whethetЧtheteЧisЧsuchЧaЧmoment,Ч befote,Чptecisely,Ч
ptesupposingЧthatЧweЧ ttustЧthisЧ motifЧofЧptopetnessЧ ,aboutЧwhichЧ someЧ
doubtsЧeatlietЧatose)ЧandЧptesupposingЧfutthetЧthatЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧ
gestute,ЧinЧwhatЧmightЧbeЧ¨ptopet¨ЧaboutЧit,ЧdoesЧnotЧteptoduceЧsoЧmanyЧ
ttaditionalЧ pattetns.Ч LetЧ usЧventuteЧ someЧhypothesesЧ onЧtheЧhotizonЧ ofЧ
thisЧdetout,ЧsoЧasЧlittleЧbyЧlittleЧtoЧlocalizeЧtheЧsingulatityЧofЧNancy'sЧ ¨cot-
pus, ¨ЧasЧ itЧstandsЧ outЧ inЧtheЧ tichЧ ttailЧ ofЧHussetlianЧ phenomenologyЧinЧ
ltance.ЧConcetningЧtouch,ЧthisЧttailЧhƂtstЧandЧfotemostЧfollowsЧtheЧpassage,Ч
andЧcettainЧpassages,ЧofЧHussetl'sЧIdsasΘPs·/ainingΘ/sΘaΘPa·sΘPhsnsmsns/sgđΘ
andΘ/sΘaΘPhsnsmsns/sgica/ΘPhi/sss¸h,,Θ l l Ч,citedЧasЧIdsasΘII) . ·
ltЧisЧmoteЧthanЧevetЧnecessatyЧtoЧptoceedЧslowly,Чptudently,ЧandЧvigilantlyЧ
hete.Ч |ustЧ asЧ weЧ haveЧ tepeatedlyЧ tecognizedЧ someЧ ptephenomenologicalЧ
motifsЧinЧßetkeley,Ч Kant,Ч andЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧamongЧothets,ЧweЧcanЧlike-
wiseЧtecognizeЧaЧvetyЧfamiliatЧlandscapeЧinЧHussetl'sЧanalyses,ЧftomЧtheЧout-
set,Ч andЧ thisЧ evenЧteachesЧ intoЧ theЧ placesЧwheteЧoneЧ mightЧ assumeЧ thatЧ
¨phenomenologicalЧteduction¨ЧhasЧdeeplyЧmodih edЧtheЧpathways.ЧWithinЧ
oneЧsingleЧpatagtaphЧwheteЧweЧ teadЧ¨lotЧexampleЧ. . . Ч myЧ. . . Ч hand, ¨ЧweЧ
canЧseeЧteappeatingЧasЧ aЧnetwotk-oftenЧwithinЧtheЧsameЧnetwotk-eachЧ
andЧevetyЧotganizingЧconceptЧofЧtheЧdiscoutseЧandЧtheЧattendantЧlogicЧthatЧ
weЧhaveЧj ustЧevoked,ЧftomЧMaineЧdeЧßitanЧtoЧRavaisson,Чnamely,Чfteedom,Ч
spontaneity,Ч theЧwăllЧofЧanЧego,ЧtheЧEgočsubjectЧasЧwill,ЧitsЧcan-willЧ_¸sa·si·-
·sa/si·¦ ,Θ theЧ mototЧactivityЧofЧa ¸ͻss,Θ s¸sn/anssas,Θ immsdia/s,Θ andЧsoЧfotth,Ч
ms·smsn/.ΘAndЧallЧ this,Ч moteovet,Ч isЧtoЧlayЧdownЧexplicitlyЧaЧ¨distinctiveЧ
featuteЧofЧtheЧßody¨Ч,LsiΘ /)Θ _cs·¸sΘ¸·s¸·s͠ΘaboutЧwhichЧHussetlЧhasЧj ustЧas-
settedЧthatЧitЧbecomesЧbodyЧptopetЧonlyЧthtoughЧtouch,ЧandЧmoteЧpteciselyЧ
aЧtouchЧableЧtactuallyЧtoЧfeel,Чgtope,Ч palpate,Ч fondle-oftenЧbyЧwayЧofЧtheЧ
handЧ,a//as/sn) .Θ
¨lotЧexampleЧ . ̆ . Ч myЧ. . . Чhand¨Ч comesЧfotthЧamidЧthisЧaxiomaticЧchain,Ч
thatЧis,ЧtheЧwill, Чfteedom, ЧandЧspontaneityЧofЧanЧegoЧ auto-affectingЧitselfЧ
immsdia/sqΘbyЧwayЧofЧitsЧsan,Θ¸·s¸s·ΘmovementЧasЧ/sd,Θ¸·s¸s·,ΘotЧ¨ûđesh¨Ч
ċchai·¦Θ ,asЧ Lsi/ΘhasЧ oftenЧ beenЧ ttanslatedЧinЧltance) .ЧAllЧ theseЧ meaningsЧ
ateЧnecessatălyЧinvolvedЧinЧtheЧms·smsn/ΘptopetЧofЧtheЧbodyЧptopetЧ,Lsi/) ,Θ
sinceЧHussetŤ,Ч inЧallЧhisЧ analysesЧ ofЧtheЧ bodyЧptopetЧandЧpetceptiveЧexpe-
tience,ЧaccotdsЧtheЧgteatestЧattentionЧtoЧ/inss/hs/icΘptocessesЧandЧhotizons,Ч
Iƃngsn/ΘIIΘ ǂ 6iЧ
andЧevenЧtoЧtheЧellectsЧolЧempiticalЧhabit,ЧotЧevenЧtheЧha/i/asΘolЧtheЧputeЧ
Ego,ЧwhichЧisЧstillЧaЧdilletentЧthingЧ,IdsasΘIIΘ p.Ч ̿r·) .ΘOnlyЧonЧtheЧnonma-
tetialЧsideЧisЧs¸sn/ansi/,ΘiÎÎtdia/s-theЧliving,Чanimate,ЧspititualЧsideЧolЧ
theЧbodyЧptopetЧthatЧisЧmyЧown,ЧandЧhuman,ЧandЧtheЧbodyЧolЧanЧego-manЧ
,˄h-Msnsch) .Θ1heЧhandЧisЧmyЧhand,ЧbutЧh tstЧasЧhandЧolЧman,ЧthisЧegolog-
icalЧbody,Ч thisЧlivingЧbodyЧptopetЧ,Lsi/)Θ
isϞ anϞ organ˰o¸˰the˰ ai//˰, vi/ensorgan) ,˰ theϞone˰and˰onþ˰O/¸ect˰which,Ϟ lotϞtheϞ
willϞolϞmyϞputeϞLgo,ϞisϞmocea//e˰immediateþ˰and˰s¸ontaneoasþ˰andϞisϞaϞmeansϞ
lotϞptoducingϞaϞmediateϞspontaneousϞmovementϞinϞothetϞthings,Ϟ in,ϞlotϞex-
ample,ϞthingsϞsttuckϞbyϞmyϞimmediatelyϞspontaneouslyϞmovedϞhand,ϞgtaspedϞ
byϞit,Ϟ lilted,Ϟ etc.ϞSheer˰materia/˰things˰are˰onþ˰mocea//e˰mechanica/þ˰and˰onþ˰
¸artake˰o¸˰s¸ontaneoas˰mocement˰in˰a˰mediate˰ aa,.˰ OnlyϞ8odiesϞ,Lei/er)˰ateϞ
immediatelyϞspontaneouslyϞ,¨lteely¨)Ϟ moveable,Ϟ andϞtheyϞateϞso,Ϟ specihcally,Ϟ
byϞmeansϞ oͤϞtheϞlteeϞLgoϞandϞitsϞwillϞwhichϞ belongϞtoϞthem.ϞltϞisϞinϞvittueϞ olϞ
theseϞlteeϞactsϞ that,Ϟ asϞweϞsawϞeatliet,Ϟ theteϞcanϞbeϞconstitutedϞlotϞthisϞ Lgo,Ϟ inϞ
maniloldϞsetiesϞolϞpetceptions,ϞanϞObject-wotldϞ,O/¸ektae/t) ,˰aϞwotldϞolϞspatial-
cotpotealϞ thingsϞ ,raamkcr¸eʿ/iche˰Dinge)˰ ,theϞ 8odyϞasϞ thingϞ ¸das˰Ding˰Lei/¦˰
included) .ϞTheϞsubjectϞ. . . Ϟ hasϞtheϞ¨laculty¨Ϟ ,theϞ ¨lϞ can¨)Ϟ toϞlteelyϞmoveϞ thisϞ
8ody.Ϟ ,Ideas˰II˰ pp.Ϟ i,,-6o)ƹϞ
LetЧusЧleaveЧaside,ЧatЧleastЧlotЧnow,ЧtheЧdiscussionЧmadeЧnecessaty,Чapto-
posЧ olЧthisЧ conceptЧolЧlteedom, ЧbyЧNancy'sЧ useЧolЧtheЧsameЧwotd,Ч ¨ltee-
dom, ¨ЧtoЧ designateЧanЧ expetienceЧthatЧ noЧ longetЧessentiallyЧteletsЧ toЧ theЧ
egologicalЧsubjectЧ _sa¸s/Θégs/sgiqas} ,ΘasЧisЧtheЧcaseЧhete.Ч lotЧNancy,Ч theЧex-
petienceЧolЧlteedomЧisЧnotЧptimatilyЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧaЧsubject,ЧaЧwill,ЧotЧ
anЧ¨lЧcan. ¨Ч
Convetsely,Ч l 'llЧ stopЧ insistingЧ onЧ thisЧ conh tmationЧ olЧmyЧeatlietЧ te-
matks.ЧinЧHussetl,ЧasЧinЧllatoЧandЧsoЧmanyЧothets,Ч theЧauthotityЧolЧtheЧ¨ei-
detic¨Ч h guteЧandЧ olЧopticalЧ intuitionism,Ч theЧ implicitЧphilosophyЧolЧtheЧ
gaze-asЧpatadoxicalЧasЧthisЧmayЧappeat-alwaysЧandЧnecessatilyЧ̘͏//sΘi/-
ssŏɳΘhtmlyЧandЧ incessantlyЧsttengthensЧ andЧ conhtmsЧitsell,Ч inЧ anЧintuitionЧ
tactuallyЧh lled-inЧandЧinЧtheЧhypetboleЧolЧcontinuisticЧhaptocentetedness.Ч
Hence,ЧinЧeachЧinstance,ЧtouchingЧisЧnoЧlongetЧj ustЧoneЧsenseЧamongЧoth-
ets,ЧsinceЧitЧconditionsЧthemЧallЧandЧisЧcoextensiveЧwithЧthem.ЧAndЧsinceЧitЧ
isЧnotЧaЧsenseЧlikeЧtheЧothets,ЧitЧisЧdesignatedЧasЧssnss,ΘsensotyЧlaculty,Ч byЧtheЧ
playЧolЧanЧevetlastinglyЧequivocalЧmetonymy.Ч ßutЧwhyЧthenЧdoesЧ oneЧkeepЧ
ptetendingЧtoЧtteatЧitЧasЧaЧsense,ЧasЧ oneЧolЧtheЧsenses,ЧthtoughoutЧtheЧttadi-
tion:ЧAndЧlutthetmote,Ч ilЧinЧconcettЧweЧagteeЧtoЧhaveЧitЧdesignateЧanЧin-
Exsm¸/ar,ΘS/srissΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
sensibleЧotЧmetațsensibleЧteceptivity,Ч theЧbeingЧinЧtheЧwotldЧolЧaЧhniteЧex-
istence,ЧtheЧexpeĒienceЧolЧbeingsЧ inЧgenetalЧ ,andЧthisЧwouldЧalteadyЧconsti-
tuteЧitsЧexceptionalЧexcellence) ,ЧwhyЧconletЧonЧit-asЧHusset|Чdoes-thisЧ
othetЧptivilege,Чnamely,Чin/ai/i·s,Θ immsdia/s,Θ carrsn/,ΘandΘcsr/ainΘ¸/sni/adsΘ
inЧtheЧ expetienceЧolЧptesentЧbeing,ЧinЧtheЧptesenceЧolЧtheЧptesent:Чlndeed,Ч
ltomЧ,r)theЧaxiomaticЧdehnitionЧolЧtouchЧasЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧptesenceЧinЧ
genetal,ЧtoЧ ,z)theЧaxiomaticЧdehnitionЧolЧthisЧsameЧexpetienceЧasЧlull,Чin-
tuitive,Чimmediate,Чditect,ЧandЧsoЧlotth,ЧtheЧconsequenceЧisЧnotЧnecessaty,Ч
andЧ notЧnecessatilyЧgood.Ч ,1hisЧ¨consequence,¨ЧthisЧlastЧassutanceЧisЧwhatЧ
stattsЧttemblingЧinЧtheЧintettuptiveЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧsyncope,ЧandЧasЧsyn-
cope,Ч atЧthe-intetminable-momentЧwhenЧtheЧdiscoutseЧolЧtheЧsyncopeЧ
tunsЧthtoughЧNancy'sЧwholeЧwotk.)Ч
lnЧ theЧ chapteĒЧ immediatelyЧ ptecedingЧ theЧ oneЧ containingЧ theЧ alote-
mentionedЧ ¨lotЧexampleЧ. . . Ч myЧ. . . Ч hand, ¨Ч HussetlЧhadЧ abundantlyЧil-
lusttatedЧtouch,ЧeachЧtimeЧdesctibingЧitsЧdigitalЧmanipulations-asЧilЧtheЧ
onlyЧwayЧweЧeveĒЧtouchedЧweteЧwithЧoutЧhandЧandЧasЧilЧtheЧhngetsЧweteЧallЧ
outЧhandЧweteЧmadeЧoŲЧAndЧthisЧunsutptisinglyЧoccutsЧatЧaЧpointЧwheteЧ
theЧ phenomenologistЧ cteditsЧ touchЧ withЧ anЧ absolute,Ч unpatalleled,Ч andЧ
gtoundingЧpteeminence.Ч
WeЧ ateЧgoingЧtoЧidenti¦ЧtheЧsignsЧolЧthis,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧtheЧexcellenceЧ
olЧtouchЧamongЧtheЧsenses,Ч andЧolЧtheЧhandЧamongЧtheЧpattsЧotЧotgansЧolЧ
theЧtactileЧbodyЧptopet,ЧandЧolЧtheЧhngetsЧandЧtheitЧtipsЧinЧtelationЧtoЧtheЧ
hand.ЧßutЧcan'tЧweЧalteadyЧintetptetЧtheseЧsignsЧasЧsoЧmanyЧtestimoniesЧtoЧ
theЧptimacyЧconlettedЧuponЧtheЧthingЧasЧ ¨obj ect, ¨ЧhtstЧonЧtheЧextetnalЧob-
j ect,ЧandЧthenЧonЧwhatЧtemainsЧasЧtheЧsubj ectiveЧandЧphenomenologicalЧ
expetienceЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,ЧthisЧothetЧotiginalЧ¨obj ect¨:Ч
WhatЧHussetlЧstattsЧ ltomЧisЧtheЧobjectivityЧolЧtheЧmatetialЧotЧextendedЧ
body,Ч otЧmoteЧpĒeciselyЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧexpetienceЧ andЧsubj ectiveЧ
andЧegologicalЧphenomenalityЧolЧthisЧs/¸sc/i·i/,.Θ ltomЧtheЧvetyЧbeginningЧ
olЧthisЧchaptetЧ,patagtaphЧ),, ¨DihetencesЧßetweenЧtheЧŇisualЧandЧ1actualЧ
Realms¨) , ЧtheЧextetnalЧobjectЧisЧatЧissue,ЧandЧveĒyЧsoon, ЧtheЧpossibilityЧthatЧ
oneЧcanЧtouchЧwithЧone'sЧ hngetЧlaysЧbateЧtheЧcomplicationЧthatЧwillЧmakeЧ
lotЧaЧdihetenceЧbetweenЧdigitalЧtouchingЧandЧseeing.ЧhngetsЧcanЧalsoЧtouchЧ
eachЧothet-¨hngetsЧ touchingЧhǙngets, ¨Ч ¨doubleЧapptehension¨Ч ,Ds¸¸s/-
aaħssang) ,Θ¨doubleЧsensation¨Ч ,Ds¸¸s/sm¸¸ndangsn) .Θ
LetЧusЧnevetЧlotgetЧthatЧtheseЧhngetsЧateЧtouchingЧhngetsЧandЧnotЧshow-
ing,Ч indicating,Чsignaling,ЧotЧsigni¦ingЧhngets.Ч1heЧdeicticЧlunctionЧolЧtheЧ
IngcnĄЧIIΘ
indexЧ otЧlotehngetЧseemsЧ teducedЧheteЧ toЧ theЧ delettedЧ potentialityЧolЧaЧ
contact.ЧwithЧmyЧhngetЧ lЧ pointЧtoЧandЧshowЧwhatЧlЧ couldЧhopeЧ toЧ teachЧ
andЧtoЧtouch,ЧasЧitЧwete,Ч aġetЧmovingЧtoЧapptoachЧ it.Ч HeteЧHussetlЧallowsЧ
himsellЧtoЧdistegatdЧthisЧdeicticЧlunctionЧolЧtheЧpointingЧh nget,ЧsinceЧwhatЧ
intetestsЧ himЧ inЧ thisЧ wholeЧ chaptetЧisЧtheЧ telationЧwithЧitsellЧolЧtheЧbodyЧ
ptopet,ЧitsЧconstitution,Чand-thatЧisЧtheЧtitleЧolЧchaptetЧ;-¨1heЧConsti-
tutionЧolЧlsychicЧRealityЧ1htoughЧ theЧ8ody.¨Ч1oЧ beЧsute,ЧinЧtheЧh tstЧplace,Ч
otЧtheЧlast,Ч theЧsell-touchingЧolЧwhichЧHussetlЧspeaksЧheteЧmayЧbeЧundetЧ
theЧconttolЧolЧtheЧauto-deicticЧdimensionЧolЧtheЧhngetЧthatЧtutnsЧbackЧto-
watdЧtheЧ bodyЧptopetЧ inЧ otdetЧ toЧ indicate.Ч ¨1hisЧ isЧ me, ¨Ч ¨mysell¨-asЧ
muchЧasˤЧandЧmoteЧthan,ЧtoЧallectЧitsellЧwithЧaЧsensation. ЧMoteovet,ЧletЧusЧ
notЧlotgetЧeithetЧthatЧtheЧleeling-itsell-touchiİʉЧĴȄЧtheЧhngetЧimmediatelyЧ
isЧaЧleeling-itsell-touchcşЧĴȄtheЧhnget,ЧevenЧwhenЧmyЧhngetЧdoesЧnotЧtouchЧ
anothetЧoneЧolЧmyЧhngets.ЧwhenЧitЧtouchesЧanythingЧwhatsoevetЧextetnalЧ
toЧmyЧbodyЧandЧmyЧhnget,ЧmyЧhngetЧleelsЧitsellЧtouchedЧbyЧtheЧthingЧthatЧ
itЧ touches,Ч whichЧ atЧ htstЧ givesЧ theЧ exampleЧ olЧtheЧ hngetЧ leelingЧ itsellЧ
touchedЧbyЧaЧtouchingЧhngetЧonlyЧtheЧvalueЧolЧaЧpedagogicalЧexample,Чgen-
etalizableЧtoЧanyЧcontactЧinЧgenetal,ЧevenЧilЧitЧcanЧlatetЧgiveЧtiseЧtoЧaЧphe-
nomenologicalЧanalysisЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopetЧthatЧisЧmoteЧnattowlyЧspecihc,Ч
thisЧisЧespeciallyЧtheЧ¨case¨Ч ,iİЧşcŢЧFa//ǀΘ inЧtheЧĄĢićşЧolЧtheseЧsentencesЧ,lЧ
amЧnumbetingЧthemЧlotЧconvenienceЧandЧclatityЧinЧthisЧanalysis,ЧwheteЧtheЧ
stagesЧateЧsubtlyЧintetlinked,Ч albeitЧdistinct,ЧandЧtheЧstakesЧhigh) .Ч
¸i¦Ϟ lnϞtheϞtactualϞtealmϞweϞhaveϞthe˰externa/˰O/¸ectĢ˰ tactuallyϞconstituted,ϞandϞ
aϞsecondϞObject,Ϟ theϞBod,˰¸ıe˰cor¸s˰¸ro¸re¦ Ģ˰likewiseϞtactuallyϞconstituted,ϞlotϞ
exampleϞ ¸modiƿed-Ttans. ¦ , ϞtheϞtouchingϞhngetϞ,etaa˰den˰tastenden˰Finger) ,˰
and,ϞinϞaddition,ϞtheteϞateϞhngetsϞtouchingϞhngetsϞ,Fingeŋ˰den˰Finger˰tastend) . ˰
¸ǽż˰SoϞheteϞweϞhaveϞthatϞdoubleϞapptehensionĨϞtheϞsameϞtouch-sensationϞi s Ϟap-
ptehendedϞasϞaϞleatuteϞolϞtheϞ¨extetnal¨Ϟ ObjectϞandϞisϞapptehendedϞasϞ aϞsen-
sationϞolϞtheϞ8odyϞasϞObjectϞ,des˰Lei/ŤO/¸ekts)˰ ¸de˰/ǝ/¸etŤco·¸s˰¸ro¸re} .˰ _ħ¦˰AndϞ
inϞtheϞcaseϞinϞwhichϞaϞpattϞolϞtheϞ8odyϞ_da˰cor¸s˰¸ro¸re¦˰ becomesϞequallyϞanϞ
extetnalϞObjectϞolϞanϞothetϞpattϞ _¸oar˰ane˰aatre˰¸artie˰da˰mème˰cor¸s¦ ,˰weϞhaveϞ
theϞdoubleϞsensationϞ,eachϞpattϞhasϞitsϞownϞsensationsȒϞandϞtheϞdoubleϞappte-
hensionϞ asϞleatuteϞolϞtheϞoneϞotϞolϞtheϞothetϞ8odilyϞpattϞasϞaϞphysicalϞobject.Ϟ
,Hussetl,ϞIdeas˰1, p. Ϟr , ,)
1hisЧ analysisЧ olЧtouchЧmayЧtemptЧusЧ toЧthinkЧthatЧtheЧptivilegeЧthatЧitЧ
gtantsЧ theЧ handЧ otЧtheЧhngetЧhasЧ toЧdoЧinЧtheЧ hštstЧ placeЧ withЧwhatЧsen-
tenceЧ¸;¦Чspecih es,ЧthatЧis,ЧtheЧcaseЧinЧwhichЧ¨theЧoneЧotЧ. . . Ч theЧothetЧßod-
Exsm¸/ar,ΘS/srissΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
ilyЧpattЧasЧaЧphysicalЧobject¨ЧcanЧtouchЧoneЧotЧtheЧothetЧpattЧolЧtheЧsameЧ
body-otЧbeЧtouchedЧbyЧit. Чĕes. ЧAndЧitЧisЧalsoЧttueЧthatЧthisЧcannotЧbeЧsaidЧ
aboutЧevetyЧextetnalЧpattЧolЧtheЧbody.Ч ßutЧwhyЧonlyЧtheЧhandЧandЧtheЧhšn-
get·ЧWhyЧnotЧmyЧlootЧandЧtoes·Ч CanЧtheyЧnotЧtouchЧanothetЧpattЧolЧmyЧ
bodyЧandЧtouchЧoneЧanothet·ЧWhatЧaboutЧtheЧ lips,Ч especially·ЧAllЧolЧtheЧ
lipsЧonЧtheЧlips·ЧAndЧtheЧtongueЧonЧtheЧlips·ЧAndЧtheЧtongueЧonЧtheЧpalateЧ
andЧmanyЧothetЧpattsЧolЧ¨myЧbody¨·Ч HowЧcouldЧoneЧs¸sa/ΘwithoutЧthis·Ч
,1hisЧquestionЧmetelyЧallowsЧmeЧtoЧpointЧtowatdЧsomeЧolЧtheЧmostЧobvi-
ousЧissuesЧatЧstakeЧinЧtheseЧchoices. )ЧAndЧtheЧeyelidsЧinЧtheЧblinkЧolЧanЧeye·Ч
And,ЧilЧweЧtakeЧsexualЧdilletencesЧ intoЧ account,Ч theЧsidesЧ olЧtheЧanalЧ otЧ
genitalЧopening·ƔЧSomeЧbutЧnotЧallЧolЧtheseЧquestionsЧatiseЧagainЧlatet,Чes-
peciallyЧwhenЧHussetlЧtakesЧupЧothetЧanima/ia,Θ ptimalЧptesenceЧ _/Ƽrchi-
¸ͩéssncsĥ ,ΘandЧapptesentationsЧ ǫ/Ƽ¸¸rǵssn/a/isn} ,ΘinЧchaptetЧƐЧ, patagtaphsЧ
Ɛ;ll. ŋ , ЧonЧ ¨lsychicЧ RealityЧinЧEmpathy, ¨Ч wheteЧ theЧ handЧandЧtheЧ hngetЧ
moteovetЧstillЧplay aЧdominantЧpatt.Ч
OnceЧmoteЧtheЧhand'sЧptivilegeЧcanЧbeЧexplained,ЧilЧnotЧnecessatilyЧj us-
tihedũЧWeЧ canЧexplainЧitsЧtitleЧolЧphenomenologicalЧnobility,ЧandЧolЧnobil-
ityЧunadotned,Ч byЧvittueЧ olЧtheЧ ptimacyЧ olЧtheЧ subčobj ectivityЧj ustЧdis-
cussed,ЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧsttictlyЧanthtopologicalЧlimitsЧolЧthisЧphenomenologyЧ
andЧthisЧphenomenologicalЧ momentЧinЧIdsasΘIʿΘ lotЧallЧ itsЧ ambitionЧ andЧ
otiginality,Ч phenomenologicalЧteductionЧheteЧdoesЧnotЧsuspendЧtheЧEgo'sЧ
humanЧapputtenanceЧotЧdetetmination,ЧatЧleastЧnotЧinЧtheЧpassagesЧthatЧin-
tetestЧusЧhete.Ч1hingsЧheteЧateЧsubtleЧandЧtheЧstakesЧateЧsetiousЧenoughЧtoЧ
callЧ lotЧ ptudenceЧ andЧminuteЧ attentionЧ toЧ detail,Ч stickingЧtoЧ theЧ textЧ asЧ
closelyЧ asЧ possible.Ч WhatЧ inttoducesЧ theЧ sectionЧ inЧ whichЧ outЧ passageЧ
aboutЧtouchЧcanЧbeЧloundЧ,¨1heЧConstitutionЧolЧAnimalЧNatute¨)ЧisЧtheЧ
dehnitionЧolЧaЧptojectЧtegatdingЧtheЧ¨essenceЧolЧtheЧsoul,ЧtheЧhumanЧotЧan-
imalЧsoul¨Ч,dsͨΘMsnschsnĂ sdsrΘIisrsss/s)Θ , p. Ч,6)ЧinЧitsЧconnectionЧwithЧtheЧ
bodyЧptopet,ЧaЧptojectЧHussetlЧputsuedЧinЧmanyЧothetЧtexts.ЧltЧisЧthusЧalsoЧ
aЧ litetalЧ tesumptionЧolЧtheЧgteatЧ ptojectЧ olЧPsriΘ¸sachës,Θ lollowingЧaЧphe-
nomenologicalЧteduction,Ч andЧitЧconcetnsЧtheЧlivingЧotЧanimateЧ beingЧ inЧ
genetal-thusЧopeningЧontoЧtheЧabyssalЧptoblemЧolЧlile,ЧphenomenologyЧ
asЧ thinkingЧolЧtheЧliving,ЧttanscendentalityЧolЧtheЧlivingЧptesent,Ч andЧsoЧ
lotth. ĭЧAllЧtooЧsoon,Ч HussetlЧsummonsЧupЧ ¨aЧtigotousЧphenomenologicalЧ
method¨,Чimmediate,Чaccomplished,ЧandЧ¨petlect¨Ч intuitionЧ ,·s///smmsnsΘ
In/ai/isn)ΘolЧtheЧpsychical,Ч¨otiginatyЧptesentingЧintuitionЧ_in/ai/isnΘdsna-
/ricsΘsriginairs}Θ ,inЧ outЧcase,Ч expetience) , ¨ЧtheЧsoleЧ loundingЧgtoundЧolЧaЧ
theotyЧevenЧilЧthisЧtheotyЧisЧdetetminedЧasЧptedicativeЧinЧmediateЧthinkingЧ
Iangsn/ΘII
,Hussetl,Ч IdsasΘIǠɴΘ p. Ч ,6) . Ч 8utЧvetyЧ soon,Ч inЧ theЧvetyЧnameЧ olЧthisЧ phe-
nomenologicalЧintuitionism,ЧtheteЧisЧaЧneedЧlotЧthisЧgenetalЧptoject,ЧwhichЧ
seemedЧ toЧconcetnЧevetyЧlivingЧ beingЧ ,humanЧotЧanimal) ,Ч toЧ testtictЧitsellЧ
toЧus,ЧsinceЧweЧ¨phenomenologists¨ЧaloneЧcanЧhaveЧanЧimmediate,Чlull,ЧandЧ
otiginatyЧintuitionЧolЧwhatЧweЧateЧtalkingЧabout.ЧAndЧthisЧ ¨we¨ЧwithoutЧ
anyЧttansitionЧisЧdetetminedЧasЧ¨we,Чmen. ¨ Ч1heЧEgoЧheteЧisЧviewedЧasЧEgoČ
theŌmanЧltomЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧoneЧhasЧdistingĈishedЧtheЧtealЧ _·ss//}Θ psy-
chicЧEgoЧltomЧtheЧputeЧ ,ttanscendental)Ч Ego-somethingЧ HussetlЧ doesЧ
heteЧexplicitlyЧinЧotdetЧtoЧ delimitЧhisЧ held-andЧltomЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧ
theЧsaidЧsoulЧisЧ¨boundЧtogethetЧwithЧ8odilyЧtealityЧotЧintetwovenЧwithЧit. ¨Ч
AtЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧheЧisЧannouncingЧthatЧheЧwillЧstudyЧthisЧ linkЧandЧtheЧ
constitutionЧolЧthisЧ bodyЧptopetЧthatЧweЧhndЧ¨undetЧtheЧheadiϢgЧĉempiti-
calЧEgo, ' ЧwhichЧ stillЧ needsЧ clatihcation, ¨Чwell,Ч saysЧHussetlЧ ,whoЧ isЧ notЧ
tellingЧusЧhowЧotЧwheteЧitЧcanЧbeЧloundЧandЧwhyЧitЧcanЧbeЧloundЧpteciselyЧ
undetЧthisЧname) ,Ч ¨weЧhndЧlutthetmoteЧalsoЧ _¸ndsnΘ ai·Θ¸·ns·ΘaachſΘ theЧ
unityЧlЧasЧman'Чž̓h-MsnschΘ,sgsĂhsmms) } . ¨ ΘHussetƚЧspecihšesЧ¨theЧEgoЧwhichЧ
notЧonlyЧasctibesЧtoЧitsellЧitsЧlivedЧexpetiencesЧasЧitsЧpsychicЧstatesЧandЧlikeČ
wiseЧasctibesЧtoЧitsellЧitsЧcognitions,Ч itsЧptopettiesЧolЧchatactet,ЧandЧsimilatЧ
petmanentЧqualitiesЧmanilestЧinЧitsЧlivedЧexpetiences,Ч butЧwhichЧalsoЧdes-
ignatesЧ itsЧ ßodilyЧ qualitiesЧ asЧ itsЧ DžownƲЧ andЧ thetebyЧ assignsЧ themЧ toЧ theЧ
spheteЧolЧtheЧEgoЧ _̈́hNjS¸h̵·s}ưΘ , Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘIǡΘ p. Ч,,) .Ч
AltetЧdiscussingЧthisЧ ¨lЧ asЧ man, ¨ЧHussetlЧdoesЧ leadЧ usЧ backЧtoЧaЧputelyЧ
psychicЧ Ego,Ч theЧ oneЧ ¨Descattes,Ч inЧ hisЧ matvelousЧMsdi/a/isns,Θ gtaspedЧ
withЧtheЧinsightЧolЧgenius, ¨ЧthisЧsubjectЧwhoЧentetsЧtheЧsceneЧandЧexitsЧitЧ
butЧisЧnotЧacquaintedЧwithЧbeingЧbotnЧandЧ¨petishing¨Ч , pp.Ч io,Ğio) ,Ч thisЧ
puteЧEgoЧthatЧmustЧbeЧableЧtoЧaccompanyЧallЧmyЧteptesentations,Ч asЧ KantЧ
says,Ч onЧtheЧcondition,Ч HussetlЧ adds,Ч thatЧoneЧwidenЧtheЧmeaningЧolЧthisЧ
lattetЧwotdЧtoЧ includeЧ obscuteЧ consciousness,Ч andЧsoЧlotthЧ , p. Чů ƨ;) .ЧAndЧ
evenЧil,ЧinЧthisЧexplotationЧolЧtheЧputeЧEgo,ЧHussetlЧcomesЧtoЧconsidetЧtheЧ
momentЧwhenЧitЧ¨positsЧ . . . Ч aЧman¨ЧandЧinЧhimЧ¨aЧhumanЧpetsonalityЧ_ansΘ
¸s·ssnnsΘhamainsˇ¨Θ , p.Ч Ƹƨ/) , ЧitЧisЧttueЧthatЧtheЧwotldЧitsellЧ,theЧtealЧotЧh c-
tiveЧwotld,ЧnoЧmattet.Ч¨eachЧandЧevetyЧpossibleЧandЧphantasizableЧwotld¨) ,Ч
asЧ cottelateЧ olЧthisЧ puteЧ Ego,Ч ¨lotЧthisЧ puteЧEgo, ¨ЧisЧinЧlactЧnotЧnecessatilyЧ
human.ЧltЧisЧalsoЧttueЧthatЧtheЧdetetminationЧolЧtheЧ¨·sa/Θ¸s,chicΘsa/¸sc/¨Θ
canЧasЧwellЧteletЧtoЧanyЧlivingЧbeing,ЧHussetlЧsaysЧitЧexptessly.Ч ¨theЧanimal,Ч
manЧotЧbeast¨Ч ,p.Ч iz?) . ɣЧNevettheless,ЧitЧtemainsЧthatЧinЧtheЧchaptetЧdediČ
catedЧtoЧ¨lsychicЧReality¨ЧinЧgenetalЧ, patagtaphsЧ;oЧtoЧ)q, pp.Чi z?Ğ;o) ,ЧtheЧ
humanЧsubjectЧhadЧalteadyЧtakenЧupЧmoteЧandЧmoteЧspaceЧandЧtheЧanimalЧ
ǂ 66Ч Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āɖŶ/sshƹ'Θ
wasЧ namedЧ onlyЧexceptionally,Ч inЧ allusionsЧandЧtecollections. ЧAndЧaboveЧ
all,Ч itЧtemainsЧ thatЧtheЧlollowingЧchaptetЧ ,chaptetЧ;,Ч¨1heЧConstitutionЧolЧ
lsychicЧRealityЧ1htoughЧtheЧßody, ¨ЧtheЧchaptetЧinЧwhichЧliesЧinsctibedЧtheЧ
analysisЧ olЧtheЧ tactileЧ tealmЧ thatЧintetestsЧ us,Ч notablyЧinЧpatagtaphsЧ;6ЧtoЧ
|o) ,ЧwhichЧnattowsЧtheЧheld,Ч tutnsЧ outЧtoЧ beЧexptesslyЧtesetvedЧ lotЧman,Ч
andЧmoteЧpteciselyЧ¨psychic¨Ч man,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧ¨manЧasЧnatute. ¨ЧHus-
setlЧhadЧj ustЧdistinguishedЧtheЧpsychicЧEgoЧ,theЧobjectЧolЧaЧputeЧpsychol-
ogy,Ч patallelingЧputeЧttanscendentalЧphenomenology,Ч whichЧ nonethelessЧ
¨htsЧwithinЧnatutal-scientihcЧexpetienceЧinЧaЧbtoadЧsense,Чi . e. , ЧwithinЧtheЧ
scienceЧolЧphysicalЧnatuteЧandЧolЧtheЧßodily-psychicЧnatuteЧloundedЧinЧtheЧ
physical¨)ЧltomЧtheЧpetsonalЧotЧspititualЧEgoЧinЧtheЧwotldЧolЧspititЧ,objectЧ
olЧtheЧspititualЧsciencesЧ _scisncssΘdsΘ /ƹss¸·i/} ,Θ anЧobjectЧasЧawkwatdЧ toЧde-
limitЧasЧ ¨theЧdilhcultЧdistinctionЧbetweenЧssa/ΘandЧs¸i·i/¨Θ ¸pϨ Ч ǂ?ǂ¦ ) .
ƦЧ
WeЧ
thusЧapptoachЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧinЧwhatЧ dealsЧwithЧ theЧconstitutionЧolЧ
¨manЧasЧnatute¨Ч ,patagtaphsЧ ;;lȹ̂ ) . ЧHussetl,ЧolЧcoutse,ЧwhenЧheЧspeaksЧolЧ
¨natutalЧteality,Ч man¨Ч ,Na/a··sa/i/ä/ΘMsnsch) ,ΘdoesЧnotЧlotgetЧthatЧnatutalЧ
manЧpettainsЧtoЧ animals,Ч andЧheЧadds,Ч inЧpatentheses.Ч ¨ ,otЧanimalЧbeingЧ
_/za.Θ anima/ischssΘ˚ƌssnˢ ) . ¨ Θlndeed,ЧaЧlittleЧlatthetЧon, ЧheЧsaysЧ evenЧmoteЧ
pteciselyЧthatЧtheЧ¨pointЧolЧdepattuteЧlotЧoutЧconstitutiveЧanalysis,ЧwithЧitsЧ
entiteЧintuitiveЧcontent¨ЧhasЧtoЧbeЧ¨telatedЧtoЧanimalЧsubjectsЧ _anima/ischsΘ
Sa/¸s//s} . ¨ΘßutЧnotЧonlyЧateЧtheteЧnevetЧanyЧsetiousЧteletencesЧtoЧanimalsЧ
otЧexamplesЧdtawnЧltomЧaЧ nonhumanЧwotldЧhete,ЧtightЧaltetЧtheseЧauto-
maticЧptecautionsЧcomesЧtheЧconhtmation-whichЧstandsЧtoЧteason-thatЧ
theЧsoleЧobjectЧolЧtheseЧanalysesЧisЧ¨theЧconstitutionЧolЧtheЧnatutalЧObject,Ч
man. ' ʰ Ч 1hisЧchoiceЧcanЧbeЧsx¸/ainsdΘ ilЧnotЧalwaysЧj ustihed,ЧinЧ/h·ssΘways.Ч
J. ɲtetЧall,ЧwhyЧ notЧ cutЧ outЧ inЧ theЧanimalЧ heldЧ inЧ genetalЧ anЧotiginalЧ
object,ЧaЧvetyЧoưiginalЧone,Чman,ЧandЧconstituteЧsuchЧaЧphenomenologicalЧ
anthtopology:Ч1heteЧisЧ nothingЧunspeakablyЧshamelulЧotЧunjustihableЧinЧ
this-onЧtheЧconttatyğЧ
2. 1heteЧisЧnoЧothetЧchoiceЧ,andЧthenЧdilhcultiesЧsetЧ in)Ч whenЧ theЧ ptin-
cipleЧolЧptinciples,Ч intuitionism,ЧphenomenologyЧitsell,Ч commandsЧusЧtoЧ
commenceЧwithЧ¨us, ¨ЧtheЧEgoЧmostЧ¸·s¸s·,Θ mss/Θ¸·sxima/s,ΘandЧmostЧssĬΘ
¸·sxima/s-sell¯ptesentЧothetwiseЧthanЧbyЧinditectЧapptesentationЧ,whichЧ
isЧaЧquestionЧbưoachedЧinЧtheЧlollowingЧchaptet,ЧbeginningЧwithЧpatagtaphЧ
|;,Ч withoutЧ anyЧ moteЧ explicitЧ teletenceЧ toЧ othetЧ animals,Ч howevet,Ч butЧ
tathetЧtoЧ¨theЧothetЧman¨) .ЧlnЧanyЧcase,ЧtheЧdetetminationЧasЧ¨man¨ЧolЧthisЧ
Iangsn/ΘII
puteЧEgoЧthatЧ¨we¨Чate,ЧasЧ neatЧtoЧusЧasЧ canЧbe,ЧcomesЧbeloteЧtheЧmostЧtad-
icalЧphenomenologicalЧteduction,Ч theЧ oneЧ thatЧsuspendsЧtheЧthesisЧolЧtheЧ
wotldЧinЧgenetal.Ч
). 1hisЧphenomenologyЧolЧtheЧpsychical,ЧtheЧliving,ЧtheЧanimateЧinЧgen-
etalЧ ,menЧandΘbeasts)ЧnevetЧseemsЧtoЧsuspendЧanЧs·a/aa/isn,ΘaЧteleologicalЧ
philosophyЧolЧlile. ЧllЧHussetlЧstattsЧwithЧman,ЧbeЧitЧmanЧasЧaЧnatutalЧlivingЧ
being,Ч ilЧheЧonlyЧspeaksЧolЧmanЧhete,Ч itЧisЧ notЧ onlyЧbyЧvittueЧolЧanЧotdetЧ
amidЧphenomenologicalЧteasons,ЧitЧisЧnotЧonlyЧbyЧvittueЧolЧaЧmethodolog-
icalЧotdetЧanswetingЧtheЧquestion.Ч¨WheteЧisЧoneЧtoЧbeginЧilЧnotЧwithЧwhatЧ
isЧclosestЧtoЧwhoЧasksЧtheЧquestionЧhete:¨Ч-thisЧnecessityЧhadЧalsoЧimposedЧ
itsellЧonЧHeideggetЧinЧSsinΘandΘZsi/.ΘNo. ЧllЧHussetŶЧbeginsЧwithЧman,ЧmanЧ
asЧaЧnatutalЧlivingЧbeing,ЧilЧheЧonlyЧspeaksЧolЧmanЧhete,ЧitЧisЧalsoЧbyЧteasonЧ
olЧaЧteleologicalЧhietatchyЧotЧanЧaxiologicalЧscale.ЧlnЧttuth,ЧitЧwillЧalwaysЧbeЧ
dilhcultЧtoЧsepatateЧphenomenologyЧandЧ teleologyЧatЧtheitЧvetyЧtoots.Ч llЧ
weЧ neededЧptoolЧolЧthis,Ч inЧthisЧ context,Ч allЧweЧwouldЧhaveЧtoЧdoЧisЧteadЧ
theЧbeginningЧolЧpatagtaphЧq) onЧtheЧ¨givennessЧolЧothetЧanimalia. ' Ŋ Ч Al-
tetЧheЧ hasЧdesignatedЧtheЧotiginallyЧgivenЧzõia,Θ ¨includingЧmenЧ,ŷ tational'Ч
livingЧbeings) , ¨ЧaŒetЧheЧhasЧtecalledЧ¨theЧidentityЧolЧnatuteЧlotЧallЧmenЧandЧ
animals¨ЧandЧevenЧ admittedЧ ¨socialЧ connectionsЧ ,ltiendships,Чmattiages,Ч
unions)ǡЧbetweenЧmenЧandЧbetweenЧanimals,ЧthisЧallusionЧtoЧanimalsЧgoesЧ
handЧinЧhandЧwithЧaЧhietatchicalЧevaluation. ЧSocialЧconnectionsЧateЧ ¨in-
stituted¨Ч , gss/ƚs/)Θ betweenЧ men,Ч saysЧ Hussetl ,Ч andЧ inЧ patenthesesЧ heЧ
adds.Ч ¨ ,onЧtheЧlowestЧlevel,ЧalteadyЧbetweenЧanimalsЧ _inΘnisds·s/s·ΘS/a¸Θ
schsnΘzaischsnΘIis·snĢ ) . ¨ ΘlnЧ thisЧsecondЧsection, ЧonЧ ¨1heЧ ConstitutionЧolЧ
AnimalЧNatute,¨ЧheЧnevetЧsaysЧ mote,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme. Ч ltЧstandsЧtoЧteasonЧ
thatЧ¨animals¨ЧweteЧnotЧatЧissueЧinЧtheЧhtstЧsection,ЧonЧ¨MatetialЧNatute,¨Ч
noЧmote,ЧaЧlottioti,Ч thanЧinЧtheЧthitdЧsection, ЧonЧtheЧ¨SpititualЧWotld. ¨
ǴЧ
,Except,Ч ptecisely,Ч inЧ anothetЧpatenthesis,Ч asЧ ilЧthăsЧ inclusionЧ olЧanimalsЧ
amongЧtheЧlivingЧalwaysЧhadЧtoЧtemainЧ¨betweenЧpatentheses, ¨Чexcluded-
included,Ч thetelote,ЧbyЧpatenthesesЧuntelatedЧtoЧ theЧ btacketingЧbetweenЧ
patenthesesЧotЧquotationЧmatksЧolЧ¨phenomenologicalЧteduction¨.Ч ¨con-
sidetЧagainЧs¸i·i/aa/Θ/i·ingΘ/sings,Θ thoseЧbeingsЧanimatedЧinЧaЧspecialЧsense,Ч
i . e. , ЧhumanЧbeingsЧ,butЧolЧcoutseЧallЧanimalsЧateЧincluded)ǡЧ, Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘ
IǡΘp. Чz;i) .ЧAndЧthen,ЧallЧ thatЧlutthetЧcomesЧintoЧquestionЧexplicitlyЧisЧman,Ч
theЧ ¨apptehensionЧ olЧaЧman¨Ч ,MsnschsnŢAaħssang,Θ disΘAaħssangΘdisss·Θ
Ps·ssn,Θ etc. ) , ЧhisЧ ûeshЧ ¨h lledЧwithЧ theЧsoulЧthtoughЧ andЧ thtough¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч
p. Чz;z) ,ЧandЧnoЧlongetЧolЧtheЧsaidЧ¨animals. ¨ Ч
i ɡ?Ч Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āĔ/ssh''Θ
TheЧgenetalЧotganizationЧolЧtheseЧS/adissΘinΘ/hsΘPhsnsmsns/sgđΘs¸ΘĞsn-
s/i/a/isnΘcottespondsЧlutthetmoteЧtoЧanЧatchitectuteЧandЧaЧteleologyЧthatЧ
ateЧ classicalǷЧ mattet,Ч lile,Чspitit.Ч AndЧ concetningЧl ile,Ч wheteЧtheЧ senseЧ olЧ
touchЧisЧinЧquestionЧ ,letЧusЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧit) ,ЧitЧisЧptacticallyЧmanЧonlyЧthatЧ
comesЧ intoЧ question,Ч andЧespeciallyЧtheЧhngetsЧ olЧtheЧ humanЧhand. Ч1heЧ
¨animal¨ЧnevetЧsetiouslyЧcomesЧup,ЧthoughЧitЧisЧaЧlivingЧbeing-notЧevenЧ
theЧ bodyЧptopetЧolЧanimalsЧwhoseЧ membetsЧ otЧotgansЧ tesembleЧ hands,Ч
andЧevenЧwithЧh ngets'ЧAndЧwhatЧaboutЧoppottunitiesЧlotЧsoЧmanyЧhand-
lessЧanimalsЧtoЧtouchЧandЧbeЧtouchedЧinЧcountlessЧways'Ч
LetЧ usЧ nowЧ teteadЧ thisЧ analysisЧ olЧtouchЧ atЧ theЧpointЧwheteЧweЧ intet-
tuptedЧitЧandЧplannedЧtoЧsituateЧitЧinЧtheЧatchitectuteЧolЧtheЧwholeЧwotk.Ч
HeteЧate,Чagain,ЧhtstЧolЧall,ЧtheЧ/h·ssΘstagesЧolЧthisЧpassage.Ч
¸δ|Ϟ luϞtheϞtactualϞtealmϞweϞhaveϞthe˰externa/˰O/¸ect,˰ tactuallyϞcoustituted,ϞaudϞ
aϞsecoudϞObject,ϞtheϞBod,˰¸ ďeϞcotpsϞptopte| ,ϞlikewiseϞtactuallyϞcoustituted,ϞlotϞ
exampleϞ ¸modihġed-Ttaus. | ,ϞtheϞtouchiugϞhugetϞ,etaa˰den˰tastenden˰Finger) ,˰
aud,ϞiuϞadditiou,ϞtheteϞateϞhugetsϞtouch|ugϞhugetsϞ ,Fingeŋ˰ den˰Finger˰tastend) . ˰
¸zĆϞSoϞheteϞweϞhaveϞthatϞdoubleϞappteheusiouĨϞtheϞsameϞtouch-seusatiouϞi s Ϟap-
pteheudedϞ asϞaϞleatuteϞolϞtheϞ ¨extetual¨Ϟ ObjectϞaudϞisϞappteheudedϞasϞ aϞseu-
satiouϞolϞtheϞ8odyϞasϞObjectϞ,des˰Lei/-O/¸ekts)˰ _de˰/'o/¸etťcor¸s˰¸ro¸re¦ .˰ _ħ¦˰AudϞ
iuϞtheϞcaseϞinϞwhichϞaϞpattϞolϞtheϞ8odyϞ_da˰cor¸s˰¸ro¸re}˰ becomesϞequallyϞauϞ
extetualϞObjectϞolϞauϞothetϞpattϞ¸¸oar˰ane˰aatre˰¸artie˰da˰mème˰cor¸s} , ˰weϞhaveϞ
theϞdoubleϞseusatiouϞ ,eachϞ pattϞhasϞitsϞowuϞseusatious)ϞaudϞtheϞdoubleϞappte-
heusiouϞasϞleatuteϞolϞtheϞoueϞotϞolϞtheϞothetϞ8odiĀyϞpattϞasϞaϞphysicalϞobject.Ϟ
,Hussetl,ϞIdeas˰II˰ p. Ϟt ,,)
1heЧptivilegeЧolЧtheЧhandЧseemsЧallЧtheЧmoteЧdilhcultЧtoЧanalyzeЧandЧj us-
ti¦,ЧsinceЧtwoЧhetetogeneous,ЧpossiblyЧconttadictoty,ЧimpetativesЧheteЧseemЧ
toЧ commandЧ theЧ exception. Ч OnЧ theЧ oneЧhand-weЧhaveЧalteadyЧ notedЧ
this-asЧaЧpointЧolЧdepattuteЧlotЧtheЧanalysisЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,Ч itЧisЧhtstЧ
aЧmattetЧolЧtheЧpetceptionЧolЧanЧsx/s·na/ΘthingЧdetetminedЧasЧanЧs/¸sc/,Θ anЧ
¨extetnalЧ object, ¨Ч j ustЧasЧ theteЧwillЧ beЧanЧ intetnalЧobjectЧasЧwell.Ч OnЧtheЧ
othetЧhand,Ч inЧ thisЧ s/¸sc/a/ΘsttuctuteЧolЧapptehension,ЧasЧ weЧ shallЧveti¦,Ч
HussetlЧisЧvetyЧmuchЧsetЧonЧdesctibingЧtheЧ·Ǝsxi·sΘspecihcityЧ,andЧ thete-
loteЧmoteЧimmediatelyЧego-phenomenologicalЧquality)Ч olЧtheЧsensationЧolЧ
theЧ/i·ingΘbodyЧ¸·s¸s·,Θ andЧitsЧ¨sellčsensing. ¨ЧAndЧinЧthisЧtegatd,Ч whatЧisЧ
possibleЧlotЧtouchЧ,andЧtheЧhandЧdoesЧindeedЧshowЧthisЧms·sΘsasiqΘthanЧtheЧ
lips,ЧtheЧtongue,ЧtheЧeyelids,ЧotЧtheЧanalЧotЧgenitalЧopening)Ч isЧinЧnoЧwayЧ
possibleЧ lotЧ sightЧ otЧ heatingЧ ,whoseЧ dihetenceЧ HussetlЧ thenЧ examines,Ч
Iangsn/ΘIIΘ
withoutЧbroachingЧtheЧsensesЧolЧsmellЧorЧtasteЧatЧthisЧpoint) .ЧAndЧalmostЧallЧ
theЧresourcesЧolЧtheЧanalysisЧthatЧcomesЧaġerЧtheЧpassageЧj ustЧcitedЧareЧspentЧ
inЧtheЧdemonstrationЧolЧthisЧreHexive,ЧorЧego-phenomenological,ЧexcellenceЧ
olЧtouch,Ч theЧ demonstrationЧ olЧtheЧabsoluteЧ andЧincomparableЧ unityЧ olЧ
touch.Ч1hisЧwillЧlaterЧleadЧtoЧ aЧ radicalЧ andЧ unequivocalЧ conclusionĤ Ч itЧisЧ
onlyЧthanksЧ toЧ touchЧthatЧthereЧ isЧ aЧ bodyЧproper,Ч orЧmoreЧpreciselyЧtheЧ
bodyЧproperЧ ¨becomesЧ aЧŀsd,Θ_zamΘLsi/Θai·d}ɄΘ onlyЧ¨byЧ incorporatingЧ
tactileЧ_si˴}Θ sensationsЧ ͪimΘA//as/sn} , ¨Θ ¨inЧshort,Ч byЧtheЧlocalizationЧolЧtheЧ
sensationsЧasЧsensations¨Ч , Husserl,ЧIdsasΘI˃Θ pp.Ч i;?Ȝ;,) .Ч lorЧalterЧHusserlЧ
hasЧ describedЧ theЧ dsa//sΘa¸¸·shsnsisnΘ properЧ toЧ touch,Ч heЧmovesЧ onЧ atЧ
once,Ч emphasizing,ЧwithЧanЧ energyЧthatЧmarksЧtheЧwholeЧchapter.Ч¨ßutЧinЧ
theЧcaseЧolЧanЧO/¸sc/Θcsns/i/a/sdΘ¸a·sqΘ·isaa/qΘweЧhaveЧns/hingΘcomparableЧ
¸̬hnlichesЧhabenЧwirЧnich/ΘbeimЧ·sinΘ ·isas//ΘsichΘ/sns/i/ais·sndsnΘ O/¸s//} ¨Θ
,ibidŪ , ЧpŪЧ Ġ;;) .Ч
HusserlЧatЧonceЧpushesЧ asideЧ aЧvirtualЧobj ection.Ч lndeed,ЧsomeЧpeopleЧ
mightЧletЧthemselvesЧbeЧtemptedЧbyЧaЧtactilistЧinterpretationЧolЧsight.ЧWeЧ
haveЧ encounteredЧ manyЧtemptationsЧ olЧthisЧ typeЧ inЧ theЧ Cartesian,Ч pre-
Cartesian,ЧandЧpost-CartesianЧtraditionsЧdownЧtoЧthisЧcenturyЧandЧevenЧal-
terЧHusserŶɎЧ1hisЧ isЧ aЧlacileЧapproach,ЧwhichЧ HusserŶЧchallengesЧoutright.Ч
accordingЧtoЧhim,ЧthereЧisЧnothingЧinЧthisЧbutЧaЧwayЧolЧspeaking,ЧaЧmeta-
phor,ЧanЧanalogicalЧconlusionЧdevoidЧolЧphenomenologicalЧrigorśЧ ¨1oЧbeЧ
sure,Ч sometimesЧ itЧisЧsaidЧ ċmanΘsag/Θzaa·Θmi/an/s·}Θ thatЧtheЧeyeЧis,Ч asЧ itЧ
were,ЧinЧtouchЧwithЧtheЧObj ectЧ _/as/s/ΘssΘg/sichsamΘa/Θ,/sΘ/sachs,Θ¸sa·ΘainsiΘ
di·s) }Θ byЧcastingЧitsЧglanceЧoverЧit.Ч ßutЧweЧimmediatelyЧsenseЧ¸ i. e. , Чremark,Ч
notice-1ransŪ ¦ ЧtheЧdillerenceЧ ła/s·Θai·Θms·/snΘss¸·/ΘdsnΘ |n/s·schisd} ¨ Θ
,HusserŶ,ЧIdsasΘIIΘ p Ū Чi;;) . Ч
WhatЧdiherence:ЧßeloreЧlЧrepeatЧthisЧquestion,ЧletЧm e ЧinsistЧo n ЧtheЧreachЧ
olЧthisЧgesture.ЧDareЧoneЧsay,ЧbyЧwayЧolЧillustration, ЧthatЧwhatЧtheЧquestionЧ
hasЧinЧviewЧhasЧtoЧdoЧwithЧeverythingЧthatЧpreoccupiesЧusЧhere:ЧOrЧthatЧitЧ
touchesЧonЧeverythingЧthatЧisЧatЧstakeЧandЧmattersЧtoЧusЧinЧthisЧbook:ЧHus-
serŤЧs·idsn/qΘknowsЧwhatЧtouchingЧmeansЧ¸·s¸s·qΘspeaking,ЧthisЧheЧunder-
standsЧandЧisЧ intentЧ onЧknowing,Ч andЧheЧpositsЧthat,Ч inЧorderЧtoЧ beЧsolidЧ
andЧconsistent,ЧaЧseriousЧphilosophicalЧdiscourseЧmustЧonЧprincipleЧrelerЧtoЧ
thisЧstrictЧsense,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧcommonЧsense.ЧeveryoneЧknowsЧwhatЧtouch-
ingЧmustЧmean,ЧinЧtheЧend,Ч andЧknowsЧthatЧnoЧoneЧhasЧeverЧtouchedЧany-
thingЧwithЧhisЧorЧherЧeyesŪЧAЧrigorousЧphilosopher,ЧaЧresponsibleЧphenom-
enologistЧshouldЧresistЧtheЧhguresЧolЧeverydayЧlanguageЧwithЧitsЧasΘandЧasΘ̮Θ
, g/sichsam) ǚΘ heЧ mustЧ resistЧ themЧ andЧ recallЧ usЧ toЧ evidenceЧ itsellśЧ theЧeyeЧ
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ''F/ssh'Θ
mightЧactЧasΘĪΘitЧtouchedЧbutЧweЧimmediatelyЧtematkЧtheЧdihetence.ЧanЧeyeЧ
nevetЧtouches.Ч
lsЧthisЧdilletenceЧmatkedЧinЧtheЧlanguageЧandЧtheЧlinguisticЧandЧcultutalЧ
tealmЧ olЧaЧttaditionalЧsemantics:Ч͍t,ЧasЧHussetlЧseemsЧtoЧimply,ЧisЧitЧinЧtheЧ
thingsЧthemselves,ЧinЧtheЧunivetsalizableЧintuitionЧolЧtheЧthingsЧthemselves,Ч
beloteЧanyЧdiscoutseЧandЧlinguisticЧexpetience,Ч evenЧbeloteЧanyЧmatk,Чbe-
loteЧanyЧothetЧdilletence,ЧbeloteЧanyЧlanguageЧandЧcultute:ЧWhoЧexactlyЧ
isЧthisЧ ¨we¨Ч olЧwhomЧHussetlЧsays,Ч Ÿ˅ŭbetЧwitЧmetkenЧsoloϣЧdenЧ Ľntet-
schied, ¨Ч¨ßutЧweЧimmediatelyЧsenseЧ _·sma·qasns¦ΘtheЧdilletence¨:ЧLetЧthisЧ
temainЧ anЧ openЧquestionЧsinceЧitЧovetdetetminesЧtheЧentiteЧobjectЧolЧthisЧ
book,ЧasЧitЧwete.Ч ßutЧtoЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧHussetl,ЧletЧusЧaskЧoutselves.ЧwhatЧ
dilletenceЧexactly:ЧWhatЧdilletenceЧwouldЧweЧbeЧledЧtoЧnoticeЧandЧtematkЧ
withoutЧdelay:Ч
ltЧisЧtheЧdilletenceЧolЧaЧdelect,ЧaЧdelectЧinЧsight.Ч moteЧthanЧonceЧHussetlЧ
designatesЧwhatЧisЧ deniedЧus,Ч andЧthusЧ missingЧ ,ssΘ ¸h͕)Θ,Ч inЧseeingЧ com-
patedЧtoЧtouching.Ч1oЧ wit,ЧtheЧeyeЧisЧnotЧseenЧbyЧtheЧeye,ЧnotЧimmsdia/sqΘ
seenЧ byЧ theЧeyeȨЧ itЧ doesЧnotЧappeatЧvisuallyЧ,dasЧAugeЧetscheintЧnichtЧvi-
suelŤ) .ЧlnЧaЧnoteЧbothЧdetetminingЧandЧdetetmined,ЧasЧwellЧasЧdating,ЧHus-
setlЧdismissesЧanyЧmediationЧbyЧmittots,ЧwhichЧmightЧyieldЧtheЧpetceptionЧ
olЧtheЧseenЧeye,ЧtoЧbeЧsute,ЧbutЧinЧnoЧwayЧ¨myЧeye,ЧthatЧwhichЧseesЧqaaΘsee-
ing¨Ч ¸monЧʟilЧvoyantЧenЧtantЧqueЧvoyant¦Ч ,meinЧAuge,ЧdasЧsehendeЧalsЧse-
hende)Ч,ibid. , Чp. ЧĠ;;) . Ч1heЧnatcissisticЧotЧspeculatЧsituationЧwouldЧbtingЧmeЧ
laceЧtoЧ laceЧwithЧsomething,Ч anЧeye,Ч thatЧ¨inditectly, ¨Ч¨byЧwayЧolЧempa-
thyǥȓЧ andЧbyЧanЧinletentialЧjudgment,ЧlЧ¨judge¨ЧtoЧbeЧidenticalЧwithЧmyЧeyeЧ
asЧaЧthingЧ,dasΘDing-Aag)Θ _/aΘchsssΘͯi/¦Θ,ЧwhichЧisЧmins,ΘthatЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧlotЧex-
ampleЧotЧ apptoximatelyЧ,s/aa,Θ HussetlЧsaysЧ again) ,ЧthisЧthingЧconstitutedЧ
asЧmineЧbyЧtouchЧ,etwaЧdutchЧ1astenЧsichЧkonstituietenden)Ч¨inЧtheЧsameЧ
wayЧthatЧlЧseeЧtheЧeyeЧolЧanЧothet¨Ч,ebensoЧwieЧichЧdasЧAugeЧeinesЧAndetenЧ
sehe) .ЧlnЧothetЧwotds,ЧwhethetЧitЧisЧtechnicalЧotЧappeatingЧasЧ¨natutal, ¨ЧthisЧ
mediationЧ olЧtheЧmittot,ЧwhichЧdoesЧ notЧ belongЧtoЧ myЧbodyЧptopet,Ч be-
comesЧ technicalЧ byЧ teasonЧ ptopetlyЧ olЧtheЧ inditectionЧ itЧ inttoduces.Ч ltЧ
placesЧmeЧlacingЧmyЧownЧeyesЧasЧ ilЧlacingЧtheЧeyesЧolЧanothet,Ч whileЧap-
pealingЧtoЧptocessesЧolЧempathyЧotЧanalogicalЧapptesentationЧdeptivedЧolЧ
anyЧlull,Чotiginal,ЧandЧimmediateЧintuition. ЧLetЧusЧinitiallyЧj ustЧtetainЧoneЧ
amongЧtheЧhugeЧptoblemsЧtaisedЧbyЧthisЧnote,ЧconcetningЧinЧtheЧh tstЧplaceЧ
-inЧHussetl'sЧeyes,ЧinЧthisЧcontext-theЧdilletenceЧbetweenЧtheЧeyesЧandЧ
theЧhngetsЧolЧtheЧhand,ЧbetweenЧsightЧandЧtouch.Ч1hisЧdilletenceЧbetweenЧ
theЧtwoЧ¨senses¨ЧliesЧinЧtheЧsell-telationЧolЧtouchЧ,andЧtheteloteЧitsЧtehexiveЧ
Iangsn/ΘIIΘ I ¸I
phenomenologicalЧevidence) ,ЧwhichЧi s Чimmsdia/sšΘ ͵¸sn/anssœs,Θ di·sc/,Θ inĴ
/œi/i·s,ΘandЧwithoutЧequivalentЧinЧaЧmirrorЧorЧmediationЧ,technicalЧorЧnat-
ural-butЧalwaysЧ technicalЧ becauseЧalwaysЧ byЧmeansЧforeignЧ toЧ theЧbodyЧ
proper,ЧbyЧdintЧofЧanЧ¨intruder,¨Ч evenЧif,Ч onЧtheЧoutside,ЧitЧisЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧ
naturalЧ rehectionЧinЧtheЧwaterЧofЧaЧlake) .Ч1heЧself-relationЧofЧtouch,Чthere-
fore,ЧactsЧwithoutЧempathyЧorЧanalogicalЧappresentationǐЧwhenЧlЧtouchЧmy-
selfЧwithЧmyЧhandЧorЧhšngerЧthereЧisЧneitherЧanyЧhapticalЧmirrorЧeffect,ЧasЧitЧ
were,Ч norЧanyЧinsinuationЧofЧalterity.Ч lnЧ touchingЧmyselȹ˥ЧsinceЧlЧ immedi-
atelyЧandЧsimultaneouslyЧfeelЧ¨fromЧtheЧinside, ¨ЧifЧlЧ mayЧsayЧso,Ч bothЧtheЧ
touchingЧandЧtheЧtouched,ЧfollowingЧHusserl,Ч lЧ shouldЧnotЧbeЧableЧtoЧsayЧ
¨inЧtheЧsameЧwayЧasЧ theЧskinЧorЧtheЧhandЧorЧtheЧhngerЧofЧanother,¨ЧwhichЧ
lЧcouldЧandЧshouldЧdoЧinЧtheЧcaseЧofЧtheЧeye-myЧeye,ЧwhenЧlЧlookЧatЧitЧinЧ
aЧmirrorЧ¨inЧtheЧsameЧwayЧthatЧlЧ seeЧtheЧeyeЧ ofЧanЧ other¨Ч ,ebensoЧwieЧichЧ
dasЧAugeЧeinesЧŮderenЧsehe) .Ч
1hisЧh ne-tunesЧaЧseriesЧofЧpropositionsЧallЧtendingЧtoЧmarkЧhowЧsightЧatЧ
theЧsameЧ timeЧdependsЧonЧ touchЧ andЧfailsЧwithЧregardЧtoЧit,Ч andЧtheЧcriteČ
rionЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧanЧexperienceЧofЧlocalization. Ч1heЧeyeЧisЧnotЧseenЧandЧ
colorЧsensationsЧcannotЧbeЧlocalizedЧrightЧinЧ _˩Θmcms}Θ theЧ seeingЧeye,Ч orЧ
rightЧinЧtheЧeyeЧappearingЧ¨visually, ¨ ЧasЧwouldЧbeЧtheЧcaseЧforЧtheЧtouchedЧ
objectЧperceivedЧrightЧonЧtheЧtouchingЧhand.Ч
ƽ WŻ eϞdoϞ uotϞhaveϞaϞkiudϞolϞexteudedϞocculatityϞ _sicɁ˰ suchϞ that,ϞbyϞmoviug,Ϟ
oueϞeyeϞcouldϞtubϞpastϞtheϞothetϞaudϞptoduceϞtheϞpheuomeuouϞolϞdoubleϞseuœ
satiou.Ϟ NeithetϞcauϞweϞ seeϞtheϞseeuϞthiugϞasϞ glidiugϞovetϞtheϞseeiugϞeye,Ϟcouœ
tiuuallyϞiuϞ¨coutact¨ϞwithϞitϞ,ŗ/erʔhrendDž) ,˰asϞweϞcauċϞiuϞtheϞcaseϞolϞaϞtealϞot-
gauϞolϞtouch,ϞlotϞexampleϞtheϞpalmϞolϞtheϞhaud,ϞglideϞovetϞtheϞobjectϞotϞhaveϞ
theϞobjectϞslipϞ pastϞ theϞhaud.ϞlϞ doϞ uotϞ seeϞ mysell,Ϟ myϞ8ody,ϞtheϞwayϞlϞ touchϞ
myselţϞWhatϞlϞ callϞ theϞseeuϞ8odyϞisϞuotϞsomethiugϞseeiugϞwhichϞisϞ seeu,Ϟ theϞ
wayϞmyϞ8odyϞasϞ touchedϞ8odyϞisϞsomethiugϞtouchiugϞwhichϞisϞtouchedϞ,aie˰
mein˰Lei/˰a/s˰getasteter˰Lei/˰getastetes˰ Iastendes˰ist)˰ ¸comme˰mon˰cor¸s˰en˰ tant˰
qae˰cor¸s˰toachđ˰est˰an˰toachant˰toachđ¦ .˰AϞvisualϞappeatauceϞolϞauϞobjectϞthatϞ
sees,Ϟi . e. , ϞoueϞiuϞwhichϞtheϞseusatiouϞollightϞcouldϞbeϞiutuitedϞj ustϞasϞitϞisϞiuϞitϞ
,in˰dem˰die˰Lichtem¸ɻndang˰angeschaat˰aird˰a/s˰in˰ihm˰seiend)÷thatϞisϞdeuiedϞ
us. ϞThusϞwhatϞweϞateϞdeuiedϞisϞauϞaualogouϞtoϞtheϞtouchϞ seusatiou,Ϟ whichϞisϞ
acξuallyϞgtaspedϞalougϞwithϞ,mit)˰ ¸en˰mème˰tem¸s¦˰ theϞtouchiugϞhaudˡϞ ,Hus-
se͠,ϞIdeas˰IȚ˰ pp.Ϟi,,-,6)Ϟ
WhatЧsightЧisЧmissing,ЧinЧsum, ЧisЧtheЧpossibilityЧofЧaЧĸdoubleЧsensation, ¨Ч
andЧmoreЧpreciselyЧaЧdoubleЧsensationЧfullyЧintuitive,Чdirect,ЧandЧsynchro-
nous.Ч1heЧlrenchЧtranslationЧintroducesЧĸatЧtheЧsameЧtime¨Ч _snΘmcmsΘ/sm¸s}Θ
I ,2 Exsm¸/ar,ΘS/srissΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/sshɅΘ
lotЧmi/,ΘandЧitЧseemsЧj ustih edĥЧ
'
ªitЧisЧpetlectlyЧlaithlulЧtoЧtheЧwholeЧdtiltЧolЧ
theЧatgument.ЧTheЧ localЧ coincidenceЧthatЧisЧimpottantЧlotЧHussetlЧinЧtheЧ
touching-touchedЧ paitЧ isЧ gtoundedЧinЧaЧ tempotalЧ coincidenceЧ meantЧtoЧ
giveЧ itЧitsЧintuitiveЧplenitude,ЧwhichЧ isЧtoЧsayЧitsЧ dimensionЧolЧditectЧ im-
mediacy.Ч ,LetЧusЧkeepЧinЧmindЧthisЧquestionЧolЧtime.Ч thisЧpassage,ЧwheteЧ
¨localization¨Ч isЧtheЧmainЧconcetn,ЧisЧnotЧ thematizingЧitЧbutЧ onlyЧtteatingЧ
itЧviaЧpatalipsisĥЧwe'llЧgetЧbackЧtoЧthisЧinЧaЧmoment.Ч lotЧilЧoneЧquestionsЧ
thisЧabsoluteЧsima//ansi/,ΘolЧtheЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧtouched-andЧtheЧactiveЧ
andЧtheЧpassive-lotЧanЧ immediateЧandЧditectЧ intuition,Ч thisЧ wholeЧ atgu-
mentЧ tisksЧbecomingЧltagile.)ЧCoincidence,ЧintuitiveЧplenitude,ЧditectЧ im-
mediacy-thatЧis,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧ Hussetl,ЧwhatЧchatactetizesЧtheЧexpetienceЧ
olЧtheЧtouchingɘtouched.Ч1heЧdependenceЧolЧsightЧisЧthusЧmatked,Ч inЧad-
ditionЧtoЧitsЧ lailings.Ч llЧtheЧeyeЧandЧtheЧvisualЧsensationsЧateЧ¨atttibutedЧtoЧ
theЧ8ody,¨Ч ¨thatЧhappensЧindirsc/qΘ/,Θ msansΘs¸ΘtheЧptopetlyЧlocalizedЧsen-
sations¨Ч,my emphasisĎ|. ЧD. ) , ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧtactileЧones.Ч
Actually,ϞtheϞeye,Ϟtoo,˰isϞaϞƿeldϞolϞlocalizatiouϞbutϞonþ˰¸r˰toach˰sensations˰¸sea/e-
ment˰¸oar˰/es˰sensations˰de˰contact¦ ,˰aud,ϞlikeϞ evetyϞotgauϞ¨lteelyϞmovedŬϞbyϞtheϞ
subject,ϞitϞisϞaϞƿeldϞolϞlocalizedϞmuscleϞseusatious.ϞltϞ|sϞauϞ ObjectϞolϞtouchϞlotϞ
theϞ haud,Ϟ itϞbelougsϞ otigiuallyϞtoϞtheϞmetelyϞtouched,ϞaudϞuotϞseeu,ϞObjects.Ϟ
¨Otigiually¨Ϟ ¸originairement¦˰ isϞuotϞusedϞ͸eteϞiuϞaϞtempotal-causalϞseuse,ϞitϞhasϞ
toϞdoϞw|thϞaϞptimalϞgtoupϞolϞObjectsϞcoustitutedϞditectlyϞiuϞiutuitiouϞ,direkt˰
anschaa/ich) .˰ŸheϞ eyeϞ cauϞ beϞ touched,Ϟ audϞ itϞitsellϞptovidesϞtouchϞaudϞkiueticϞ
seusatious,Ϟ thatϞisϞwhyϞitϞisϞuecessatilyϞappetceivedϞasϞ belougiugϞtoϞtheϞ8ody.Ϟ
,ɂussetɯ,ϞIdeas˰II˰ p.Ϟ r , 6)
1heЧsameЧappliesЧtoЧhsaring,Θ HussetlЧaddsЧtheteupon,ЧwithoutЧconceal-
ingЧtheЧgenetalЧandЧptogtammaticЧchatactetЧolЧtheseЧdistinctions.ЧTheЧlol-
lowingЧpagesЧconhtmЧwhatЧHussetlЧhimsellЧtetmsЧaЧɋptivilege¨Ч ,˕orzag)ΘolЧ
theЧlocalizationЧolЧtactileЧsensations̛Ч¨ĀachЧthingЧthatЧweЧseeЧisЧtouchableЧ
and,ЧasЧsuch,ЧpointsЧtoЧanЧimmediateЧtelationЧtoЧtheЧßody,Ч thoughЧitЧdoesЧ
notЧdoЧsoЧinЧvittueЧolЧitsЧvisibility.Ч AΘsa/¸sc/ΘahsssΘsnqΘssnssΘaasΘ/hsΘssnssΘ
s¸Θ·isisnΘcsa/dΘns/Θa/Θa/̽Θha·sΘanΘa¸¸saringΘŀsd,Θ . . . . Ч ltЧcannotЧbeЧsaidЧthatЧ
thisЧsubjectЧwhoЧonlyЧseesЧseesЧhisЧ8odyЧ . ģ . . Ч 1heЧ8odyЧasЧsuchЧcanЧbeЧcon-
stitutedЧotiginatilyЧonlyЧinЧtactuality¨Ч,Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘIǠɵΘ p. ЧĠ;?) .Ч
TheЧconhtmationЧolЧthisЧ ptivilegeЧcomesЧlotthЧaltetЧtheЧ mostЧdiƗcultЧ
and-inЧthisЧpassage,ЧatЧleastЧlotЧme-mostЧobscuteЧmomentЧolЧthisЧanaly-
sisЧandЧitsЧindisputableЧnecessity,Ч complexity,Ч andЧespeciallyЧltiendlyЧopen-
mindednessЧtowatdЧtheЧmoteЧsubtlyЧloldedЧpleatsЧolЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧ
Ingsn/ΘIIΘ ǰ ƥ;Ч
expetience.ЧßutЧheteЧweЧmayЧbeЧi nЧoneЧolЧtheЧzonesЧwheteЧphenomenologyЧ
itsell,ЧwithoutЧbeingЧpowetless,ЧdisqualihƁed,ЧotЧsimplyЧtefuted,ЧmeetsЧtheЧ
sttongestЧtesistanceЧvis-ͱ-visЧtheЧauthotityЧofЧitsЧintuitionisticЧ¨ptincipleЧofЧ
ptinciples. ¨ЧHowЧcanЧweЧ situateЧthisЧdifhculty,Ч andЧobscutity,Ч andЧtesis-
tance:ЧWell,Чptecisely,ЧitЧmayЧbeЧinЧtheЧplaceЧwheteЧplace,Чlocalization,ЧandЧ
extensionЧateЧatЧissue.ЧWeЧ haveЧalteadyЧencountetedЧ theЧ assettionЧ thatЧtheЧ
eyeЧisЧ aЧheldЧolЧlocalizationЧ onlyЧlotЧ contactЧ sensations,Ч asЧ anЧ ĸobjectЧofЧ
touchЧlotЧtheЧhand. ¨ЧNow,ЧatЧtheЧpointЧwheteЧ HussetlЧptoposesЧinЧaЧptoƆ
gtammaticЧlashionЧtoЧsecuteЧsomeЧ¨btoadЧdistinctions, ¨ЧheЧdtawsЧ¨inЧptin-
ciple¨Ч aЧ botdetlineЧ betweenЧ twoЧ topologicalЧ expetiences,Ч inЧaЧ way-be-
tweenЧtheЧlocalizationЧolЧsensingsЧ łim¸·sssisnsΘssnsi//ss}Θ andЧtheЧextensionЧ
ofЧtheЧmatetialЧdetetminationsЧofЧaЧthing.ЧEvenЧilЧinЧitsЧwayЧaЧsensibleЧim-
ptessionЧotЧsensingЧspteadsЧoutЧovetЧspatialЧsutlacesЧthatЧitЧcovetsЧotЧtunsЧ
thtough,ЧevenЧilЧitЧthusЧoccupiesЧaЧplace,Ч itsЧspteadingЧoutЧ ,Aas/·si/ang)Θ
_dé¸/sismsn/}Θ andЧspteadingЧintoЧ,Hin/·si/ang)Θ _¸·s¸aga/isn}ΘisЧsomethingЧ
othetЧthan,ЧsomethingЧthatЧdilletsЧessentiallyЧltomЧtheЧsx/snsisnΘ,Aasdsh-
nang)Θ thatЧchatactetizesЧtheЧ ·ssΘsx/snsa.Θ
WeЧ ateЧthusЧedgingЧintoЧaЧzoneЧolЧspatiality-ilЧnotЧextension-ofЧtheЧ
¸s,chs,Θ sinceЧ¸s,chicΘ·sa/i/,ΘheteЧfotmsЧtheЧexplicitЧtheme,ЧotЧtheЧonlyЧone,Ч
inЧ lact,Ч ofЧthisЧphenomenologyЧofЧtheЧbodyЧptopet.Ч AndЧsoЧweЧlitetallyЧ
againЧ hndЧ theЧ placesЧ ftomЧwhichЧ weЧ mayЧhaveЧ seemedЧ toЧ haveЧmovedЧ
away-aЧcettainЧ¸sachǸΘlteud'sЧotЧNancy's.Ч ¨lsycheЧisЧausgedehnt,ЧweissЧ
nichtsЧdavon. ¨ЧWheteЧdoesЧtheЧanalogyЧstop:Ч1hatЧisЧoneЧofЧoutЧquestions.Ч
1heteЧateЧaЧphenomenologicalЧsutlaceЧ andЧanЧ intetiotityЧofЧtheЧhand,Ч
butЧtheyЧateЧtadicallyЧhetetogeneousЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧtheЧspaceЧandЧtheЧ·sa/Θ
_·ss/ǬΘ qualitiesЧolЧtheЧ touchedЧthing,Ч andЧ evenЧ toЧ theЧ ·sa/ΘqualitiesЧolЧtheЧ
hand. ЧlhenomenologicalЧ teduction,Ч atЧleastЧimplicitly,Ч assutesЧusЧolЧthisЧ
hete.Ч¨1heЧsensingЧwhichЧspteadsЧovetЧtheЧsutfaceЧofЧtheЧhandЧandЧextendsЧ
intoЧ itЧisЧ notЧaЧtealЧ _·ss/}Θ qualityЧolЧaЧthingЧ. . . Ч suchЧasЧ . . . Ч theЧtoughnessЧ
olЧtheЧhand,ЧitsЧcolot,Чetc. ¨Ч, HussetŤ

IdsasΘIIΘ p.Ч ɛ ;ƥ) .Ч
WheteЧ canЧweЧsituateЧtheЧptincipalЧ ctitetionЧlotЧ thisЧ difletence:ЧRealЧ
_·ss/}Θ qualitiesЧconstituteЧthemselvesЧbyЧwayЧofЧaЧ¨sensuousЧschema¨Ч andЧ
¨maniloldsЧofЧadumbtations¨Ч _ansΘma//i¸/ici/ǵΘd'ssqaissss}Θ wheteasЧ tactileЧ
sensings,ЧwhichЧimplyЧneithetЧadumbtationsЧnotЧschematizations,ЧĸhaveЧ
nothingЧatЧallЧ toЧdoЧwithЧ theЧsensuousЧschema.Ч1heЧtouch-sensingЧ_/'im-
¸·sssisnΘssnsi//sΘ /ac/i/s}Θ isЧ notЧaЧs/a/sΘolЧtheЧ matetialЧ thing,Ч handЧ ,DasЧ
Ġ /|Ч Exsm¸/·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
1astemphndnisЧ istЧ nichtЧZas/andΘdesЧmatetiellenЧDingesЧHand) ¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч
p. Чi ;/)
РЧ
HussetŶЧisЧintentЧonЧgtoundingЧtheЧ ptivilegeЧ ofЧtheЧtactileЧinЧtheЧconstiȑ
tutionЧofЧtheЧbodyЧptopetЧonЧtheЧptopetlyЧphenomenologicalЧnecessityЧofЧ
thisЧ distinctionŎЧ Now,Ч itЧisЧbettetЧtoЧtemainЧvetyЧcloseЧtoЧ theЧlettetЧofЧtheЧ
textЧbefoteЧweЧ askЧtheЧquestionsЧ seeminglyЧtaisedЧbyЧtheЧ·sassningΘotЧtheЧ
a·gamsn/ΘtoЧwhichЧthisЧnetwotkЧofЧphenomenologicalЧevidenceЧgivesЧtise,Ч
befoteЧ weЧ questionЧ theЧ demonsttativeЧ ptocedutesЧ otЧtheЧ thesesЧ that,Ч inЧ
ttuth,ЧseeminglyЧactЧinЧadvanceЧasЧpatasitesЧotЧcontaminantsЧofЧtheЧallegedЧ
desctiption.ЧņetЧusЧhΥtstЧofЧallЧquoteЧtheЧconsequenceЧthatЧHussetlЧptoposesЧ
toЧdtawЧftomЧthisЧdistinctionЧinЧspeakingЧofЧ¨/hsΘhandЧitselfЧ,s/snΘdisΘHandЧ
selbst) , ¨ЧofЧwhatЧcomesЧtoЧpassЧotЧwhatЧIĕ senseЧonЧ¨thisЧsutfaceЧofЧtheЧhandЧ
,aa¸Θ disss·Θʽand¸ächs) , ¨ΘandЧaboveЧallЧwhatЧ¨lЧcanЧsay, ¨ЧftomЧthete,Ч l,Ч theЧ
¨subjectЧofЧtheЧßody¨ ĤЧ
TheϞtouch-seusiugϞ|sϞuotϞaϞstate˰olϞtheϞmatetialϞ thiug,Ϟ haud,Ϟ butϞisϞpteciselyϞtheϞ
hand˰itseq˰,e/en˰die˰ HaudϞselbst),ϞwhichϞlotϞusϞisϞmoteϞthauϞaϞmatetialϞthiug,Ϟ
audϞtheϞwayϞiuϞwhŦchϞitϞisϞmiueϞeutailsϞthatϞ l,Ϟ theϞ¨subjectϞolϞtheϞ8ody¨Ϟ ,das˰
ŗSa/¸ekt˰des˰Lei/es") ,˰cauϞsayϞthatϞwhatϞbelougsϞtoϞ theϞmatetialϞthiugϞisϞ its,ϞuotϞ
miue. ϞȽlϞseusiugsϞpettaiuϞ toϞ myϞ soul,Ϟ evetythiugϞexteudedϞ toϞ theϞ matetialϞ
th|ug.Ϟ On˰thisϞsutlaceϞolϞtheϞhaudϞÍ seuseϞtheϞ seusatiousϞ olϞtouch,Ϟetc.ϞȾdϞitϞ
isϞpteciselyϞthetebyϞthatϞthisϞsutlaceϞmauilestsϞitsellϞimmediatelyϞasϞmyϞ8ody.Ϟ
OueϞcauϞ addϞheteϞasϞwell.Ϟ ilϞlϞcouviuceϞmysellϞthatϞaϞpetceivedϞthiugϞdoesϞuotϞ
ex|st,ϞthatϞlϞamϞsubjectϞtoϞauϞiĀlusiou,Ϟtheu,ϞalougϞwithϞ,mit)˰ ¸en˰mème˰tem¸s¦˰
theϞ thiug,Ϟ eveɶythiugϞexteudedϞ iuϞ itsϞ exteusiouϞ isϞ sttickeuϞ outϞ too.Ϟ 8utϞ theϞ
seusiugsϞdoϞ uotϞdisappeat.Ϟ OulyϞwhatϞisϞrea/˰¸teell|ϞvauishesϞltomϞbeiug.Ϟ
CouuectedϞtoϞ theϞptivilegeϞolϞtheϞlocalizatiouϞolϞtheϞtouchϞseusatiousϞateϞ
dilleteucesϞiuϞtheϞcomplexiouϞolϞtheϞvisual-tactualϞappteheusious.ϞLachϞthiugϞ
thatϞweϞseeϞisϞtouchable.Ϟ ,Hussetl,ϞIdeas˰Hĕ pp.Ϟr,;,¦)
! I
WeЧcouldЧthenЧotientЧaЧcettainЧnumbetЧofЧquestionsЧinЧdiffetentЧditec-
tions,ЧandЧsuchЧquestions-allЧpteliminatyЧones-willЧheteЧotganizeЧthem-
selvesЧinЧtheЧdetetminedЧpetspectiveЧthatЧisЧ outs.Ч betweenЧtheЧmodetnЧtta-
ditionЧ ofЧhaptologyЧandЧtheЧ thinkingЧotЧpondetingЧofЧtouchЧaccotdingЧtoЧ
Nancy,ЧweЧshallЧbeginЧtoЧdiscetnЧtheЧplacesЧandЧmodesЧinЧwhichЧtheЧlattet'sЧ
thinkingЧpettainsЧ toЧtheЧfotmetЧbutЧalsoЧbteaksЧawayЧftomЧit.Ч
1heteЧwasЧaЧgoodЧteasonЧfotЧtheЧchoiceЧofЧtheЧ¨example¨ЧofЧtheЧhand,ЧasЧ
theteЧwasЧfotЧtheЧstattingЧpointЧofЧtheЧanalysisЧinЧ ¨theЧ extetnalЧObject,Чtac-
tuallyЧconstituted.¨ЧToЧ wit,ЧaЧcettainЧsx/s·is·iŒΘisЧhetetogeneousЧwithЧtegatdЧ
'
Iangsn/ΘIIΘ i/ ; Ч
toЧtheЧsensingЧo r ЧsensibleЧimpression,ЧbeЧi t ЧrealЧ Ǫ·ss//}Θ ,beЧit,ЧasЧHusserlЧreţ
calls,Ч ¨aЧrealЧopticalЧpropertyЧolЧtheЧhand¨) ĮЧandЧitЧĆaÎ/aτss-thatЧis,Ч itЧ,theЧ
exteriorityЧperceivedЧasΘreal)Ч mas/ΘevenЧpartakeЧolЧtbeЧ experienceЧ olЧtheЧ
touching-touched,Ч andЧolЧtheЧ ¨doubleЧapprehension,¨ЧevenЧilЧitЧisЧinЧaЧhy-
lomorphicЧorЧnoetico-noematicЧlashion,ЧevenЧinЧtheЧcaseЧolЧillusions.ЧWith-
outЧanЧoutsideЧandЧitsЧ¨realЧqualityЧolЧaЧthing¨Ч announcingЧitsellЧinЧtheЧsen-
sibleЧimpressionЧorЧsensing,ЧalreadyЧwithinЧitsЧhyleticЧcontent,ЧtheЧduplicityЧ
olЧthisЧapprehensionЧwouldЧnotЧbeЧpossible.Ч1hisЧexteriorityЧisЧneededĮЧthisЧ
loreignЧ outsideЧisЧ needed-loreignЧ toЧ theЧ ¨touching¨Ч andЧtheЧ ¨touched¨Ч
sidesЧolЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧ impressionЧatЧtheЧsameЧtime,Ч thereЧwhereЧ
theЧlatterЧdoesЧnotЧoherЧitsellЧinЧsketchyЧadumbrations.Ч ,Moreover-letЧusЧ
pauseЧatЧthisЧlastЧpointЧlorЧaЧmoment-ilЧinЧimmanentЧandЧphenomeno-
logicalЧperceptionЧthereЧisЧneverЧanyЧsketchyЧadumbration,ЧasЧlorЧtheЧmate-
rialЧandЧtranscendentЧthing,ЧnoЧmoreЧsketchesЧlorЧwhatЧollersЧitsellЧtoЧsightЧ
thanЧtoЧtouch,Ч thenЧtheЧcriterionЧlorЧtheЧprevalenceЧolЧoneЧoverЧtheЧotherЧ
seemsЧmoreЧproblematicЧthanЧever,Ч atЧleastЧinЧthisЧĵoneЧolЧtheЧbodyЧ,Lsi/)Θ
proper'sЧ immanentЧproperness,ЧolЧwhichЧHusserlЧisЧ studyingЧtheЧconstitu-
tionЧandЧanalyĵingЧhrstЧtheЧ ¨solipsistic¨Ч moment. )Ч1hisЧdetourЧbyЧwayЧolЧ
theЧ loreignЧ outside,Ч noЧ matterЧhowЧ subtle,Ч lurtive,Ч andЧ elusive,Ч isЧ atЧ theЧ
sameЧtimeЧwhatЧallowsЧusЧtoЧspeakЧolЧaЧ¨double¨Ч apprehensionЧ ,otherwiseЧ
thereЧwouldЧbeЧoneЧthingЧonly.ЧonlyЧsomeЧtouchingЧorЧonlyЧsomeЧtouched)Ч
andЧwhatЧallowsЧmeЧtoЧundergoЧtheЧtestЧolЧthisЧsingularЧexperienceЧandЧdis-
tinguishЧ betweenЧ theЧ lЧ andЧ theЧ nonĪl ,Ч andЧ toЧ sayЧ¨thisЧ isЧ myЧbody, ¨Чor,Ч
quotingЧHusserŶЧhimsell,Ч toЧdrawЧtheЧconsequenceЧthatЧ¨l , ЧtheЧDžsubjectЧolЧ
theЧßody, 'ЧcanЧsayЧthatЧwhatЧbelongsЧtoЧtheЧmaterialЧthingЧisЧits,ЧnotЧmine. ¨Ч
lorЧthat,Ч itЧi sЧnecessaryЧthatЧtheЧspaceЧolЧtheЧmaterialЧthing-likeЧaЧdiller-
ence,Ч likeЧtheЧ heterogeneityЧolЧaЧspacing-slipЧbetweenЧ theЧtouchingЧandЧ
theЧtouched,Ч sinceЧtheЧtwoЧneitherЧmustЧnorЧcanЧcoincideЧilЧindeedЧthereЧisЧ
toЧbeЧaЧdoubleЧapprehension. ЧNoЧdoubt,Ч inЧtheЧsensibleЧimpressionЧorЧsens-
ing,Чl-stillЧl-amЧtheЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧ touched,Ч butЧilЧsomeЧnot-lЧ ,ma-
terialЧthing,Ч realЧ ł·ss/ˣΘ space,Чextension,ЧasЧ opposedЧ toЧphenomenologicalЧ
¨spreadingЧoutЧandЧspreadingЧinto, ¨ЧandЧsoЧlorth)Ч didЧnotЧcomeЧtoЧinsinu-
ateЧ itsellЧbetweenЧtbeЧ touchingЧandЧ theЧ touched,Ч lЧ wouldЧnotЧbeЧableЧtoЧ
positЧmysellЧasЧl,Ч andЧ¨say¨Ч,asЧHusserlЧsays) ,Ч1hisЧisЧnotЧl,ЧthisЧisЧl,ЧlЧamЧl . Ч
AndЧi t Чi s Чthere,Ч preciselyЧbecauseЧolЧsx/snsis,Θ becauseЧolЧvisibilityЧandЧtheЧ
possibilityЧatЧleastЧlorЧtheЧhandЧtoЧbeЧseen,ЧevenЧilЧitЧisЧnotЧseenЧ,aЧpossibil-
ityЧinvolvedЧinЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧcontentЧolЧtheЧsensibleЧimpression) ,Ч
thatЧmanualЧtouching-evenЧj ustЧtouchingЧmyЧotherЧhand-cannotЧbeЧre-
!
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
ducedЧ toЧaЧputeЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧ putelyЧptopetЧbody.Ч 1hisЧ wouldЧ hypo-
theticallyЧbeЧtheЧcaseЧlotЧtheЧheattЧtouching,ЧhowevetЧ,butЧevenЧthatЧisЧnotЧ
soЧcettain) ,ЧandЧHussetlЧspeaksЧolЧitЧinЧtheЧlollowingЧchaptet.ЧWhatЧheЧsaysЧ
aboutЧthisЧ thenЧ isЧimpottantЧlotЧus,Ч lotЧ/asΘsetsЧolЧteasonsЧatЧleast.Ч
AơЧ1heЧhtstЧteasonsЧateЧatchitectonical,Ч inЧaЧway.Ч lnЧchaptetЧq, HussetlЧ
btoachesЧtheЧgteatЧquestionЧolЧempathyЧinЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧtheЧtealityЧ
¨lЧasЧMan. ¨Ч1oЧ thatЧend,ЧasЧinЧtheЧpteviousЧchaptetЧtoЧwhichЧlЧhaveЧj ustЧte-
letted,ЧheЧtakesЧupЧhisЧstattingЧpointЧagainЧinЧwhatЧheЧtetmsЧ¨solipsisticЧex-
petience, ¨Ч theЧoneЧwheteЧ¨weЧdoЧ notЧattainЧtheЧgivennessЧolЧoutЧsellЧasЧ aЧ
spatialЧthingЧlikeЧallЧothetsЧ,aЧgivennessЧwhichЧcettainlyЧisЧmanilestЧinЧoutЧ
lactualЧexpetience)Ч notЧthatЧolЧtheЧnatutalЧObj ect,Чĉman'Ч ,animalЧbeing) ,Ч
whichЧweЧcameЧtoЧknowЧasЧcottelateЧolЧtheЧnatutalisticЧattitude,ŗЧaЧmatet-
ialЧ thingЧ uponЧ whichЧ theЧ highetЧsttataЧolЧwhatЧisЧspecihcallyЧanimalЧateЧ
builtЧandЧintoЧwhichЧtheyЧate,ЧinЧaЧcettainЧway,Ч insetted,Чƈ inttojected'Ч ʵin-
/·s¸izis·/ɗ sindɫ ¨ Θ, Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘIIΘ p. Чʞ6,) . ř ' Ч
lЧ quoteЧthisЧlongЧpassageЧbecauseЧlЧwouldЧlatetЧlikeЧt oЧsuggestЧthatЧweЧ
alteadyЧ haveЧ toЧ ptesupposeЧ thisЧ inttojectionЧ inЧ theЧ expetienceЧ tetmedЧ
¨solipsistic¨Ч olЧtheЧmanualЧtouching-touched,ЧwheteЧitЧisЧalteadyЧatЧwotk.Ч
, HussetlЧsituatesЧtheЧinttojectionЧasЧaЧlateЧandЧuppetЧlayetЧolЧexpetience,Ч
asЧ anЧexΦtingЧmomentЧoutЧolЧsolipsism. )ЧHowЧcouldЧtheЧduplicityЧolЧtheЧ
doubleЧapptehensionЧappeatЧwithoutЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧsuchЧanЧ ¨inttojec-
tion¨· ЧAllЧthisЧshouldЧleadЧtoЧtheЧteptoblematizationЧolЧwhatЧHussetlЧas-
settsЧinЧsuchЧaЧsttiυǚngЧandЧenigmaticЧwayЧatЧtheЧendЧolЧpatagtaphЧq], aboutЧ
theЧ ¨gtammat¨Ч thatЧ wouldЧ behtЧ theЧ exptessionЧ olЧpute, Ч putelyЧptopet,Ч
putelyЧ¨solipsistic,¨ЧpsychicЧlile,ЧbeloteЧanyЧ¨inttojection¨,ЧandЧthusЧaboutЧ
¨anЧobjectivityЧwhichЧisЧpteciselyЧdoubleЧandЧunitatyЧ_ds¸¸s/sinhsi//ichsΘCs-
gsns/änd/ich/si/} .Θ theЧman-withoutЧƈinttojection. ' Ŋ Ч
HenceЧtheЧquestion.ЧwheteЧdoesЧinttojectionЧbegin·ЧWhatЧi sЧoneЧspeak-
ingЧol,ЧandЧhowЧcanЧoneЧspeakЧolЧit,ЧwhenЧtheteЧisn'tЧanyЧinttojectionЧyetЧatЧ
all·ЧCanЧtheteЧbeЧaЧtandom,Чpute,Ч immediate,Чnot-spaced-out˲in-itsellЧphe-
nomenologicalЧintuition,ЧolЧthisЧ ¨thing¨Ч thatЧseemsЧ toЧdeƖЧanyЧgtammat·Ч
llЧtheteЧisЧsomeЧinttojectionЧandЧthusЧsomeЧanalogicalЧapptesentationЧstatt-
ingЧatЧtheЧ thtesholdЧolЧtheЧtouching-touched,ЧthenЧtheЧtouching-touchedЧ
cannotЧbeЧaccessibleЧlotЧanЧ otiginaty,Ч immediate,Ч andЧlullЧintuition,ЧanyЧ
moteЧthanЧtheЧaltetЧego.ЧWeЧ ateЧheteЧwithinЧtheЧzoneЧolЧtheЧimmenseЧptob-
lemЧolЧphenomenologicalЧintetsubjectivityЧ,olЧtheЧothetЧandЧolЧtime) ,ЧandЧ
lЧshallЧnotЧte-unlutlЧitЧonceЧagain.ЧLetЧmeЧmetelyЧteviveЧtheЧquestionЧhete.Ч
shouldn'tЧ aЧ cettainЧ inttojectiveЧ empathy,Ч aЧ cettainЧ ¨intetsubj ectivity,¨Ч al-
Iangsn/ΘIIΘ i //Ч
teadyЧhaveЧinttoducedЧanЧothetЧandЧanЧanalogicalЧapptesentationЧintoЧtheЧ
touching-touchedЧlotЧtheЧtouching-touchedЧtoЧgiveЧtiseЧtoЧanЧexpetienceЧolЧ
theЧbodyЧptopetЧallowingЧoneЧtoЧsay,Ч¨itЧisЧl, ¨Ч¨thisЧisЧmyЧbody¨:Ч
ß.Ч LetЧusЧnotЧlotgetЧthatЧitЧisЧinЧtheЧsaidЧ ¨solipsistic¨ЧspheteЧolЧtheЧexpe-
tienceЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopetЧthatЧHussetlЧhtstЧptoposesЧallЧtheseЧanalysesЧ,olЧ
manualЧtouchingЧasЧwellЧasЧolЧHs·zgs̺hȔΘtheЧ¨heattЧsensation¨ȨЧolЧtheЧ¨lotЧ
example,Чĉ l ЧleelЧmyЧheattǢ'ǐЧ ¨z.Ч ß. ЧichЧemphndeЧmeinЧHetzǢ') .ЧNow,Ч letЧusЧ
evenЧsuppose,ЧasЧ HussetlЧseemsЧtoЧ do,Ч thatЧoneЧmayЧtetainЧ anЧ ¨lЧ leelЧmyЧ
heatt¨ЧwithinЧthisЧspheteЧolЧapputtenanceЧotЧsolipsisticЧptopetness,ЧletЧusЧ
supposeЧthatЧthisЧ ¨lЧleelЧmyЧheatt¨ЧisЧpossibleЧevenЧbeloteЧlЧcanЧsayЧit,ЧsinceЧ
sayingЧ itЧalteadyЧ ptesupposesЧ theЧ gtammatЧ olЧaЧ bteakЧ inЧ theЧ solipsisticЧ
sphete,ЧaЧbteakЧasЧgtammat,Ч evenЧilЧitЧisЧonlyЧtoЧmysellЧthatЧlЧsayЧitơЧ , ßutЧ
isn'tЧgtammat,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧaЧ/schnǸΘlikeЧthethotic,ЧtoЧbeЧloundЧtheteЧal-
teadyŧalteadyЧitteduciblyЧannouncedǪinЧtheЧpossibilityЧolЧthisЧ¨local-
ization, ¨ЧthisЧphenomenologicalЧdistinctionЧolЧplaces,ЧthatЧHussetlЧtecalls:Ч
HeЧdoesЧsoЧallЧtheЧtimeЧtoЧspeakЧolЧtouchЧandЧdiscetnЧthisЧ¨touched,ЧandЧ
notЧseen¨ЧphenomenologicalЧ localization,ЧwhichЧisЧ distinctЧltomЧtheЧspa-
tial,ЧobjectiveЧdetetminationsЧolЧsx/snsis.)ΘWell,ЧevenЧwithinЧthisЧhypothe-
sisЧolЧanЧimmediateЧ¨lЧleelЧmyЧheatt,¨ЧaЧputely,ЧptopetlyЧ¨solipsistic¨Ч heattЧ
sensation,Ч HussetlЧnevetЧdatesЧspeakǪitЧstandsЧtoЧteason-olЧthisЧ ¨douţ
bleЧapptehension¨ЧolЧtheЧtouching-touched,ЧwhichЧheЧanalyzedЧeatlietЧonЧ
andЧptohtablyЧdtewЧltomЧsoЧasЧ toЧassettЧtheЧ¨ptivilege¨ЧolЧtouch.ЧȩndЧso,Ч
theteЧisЧaЧcettainЧembattassmentЧwhenЧitЧisЧlutthetЧaЧmattetЧolЧconnectingЧ
withЧtouchЧanЧexampleЧ ,¨lЧleelЧmyЧheatt¨)Ч thatЧillusttatesЧbettetЧthanЧtheЧ
handЧtheЧleeling,ЧwhichЧisЧhtstЧsolipsistic,ЧolЧaЧbodyЧptopet.ЧFi·s/Θs/ags.Θ¨lnЧ
theЧcaseЧolЧtheЧsolipsisticЧsubjectЧweЧhaveЧ theЧdistinctiveЧh eldЧolЧtouchЧinЧ
co-ptesenceЧwithЧtheЧappeatingЧßodilyЧsutlaceЧand,Ч inЧunionЧwithЧ that,Ч
theЧheldЧolЧwatmth,Ч inЧsecondЧplaceЧweЧhaveЧtheЧindetetminateЧlocaliza-
tionЧolЧtheЧcommonЧleelingsЧ ,Csmsing̅h̾s)Θ _aƓc/sΘcsmmans}Θ ,theЧspiti-
tualЧonesЧasЧwell)Чand,Чlutthet,ЧtheЧlocalizationЧolЧtheЧintetiotЧolЧtheЧßody,Ч
msdia/sdΘ,·s·mi//s//)Θ _média/isés}Θ ¸myЧemphasisǪ|.ЧD. ¦ЧbyЧtheЧlocalizationЧ
olЧtheЧheldЧolЧtouch¨Ч , Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘIIΘ pp.Ч i/;Ğ
/|) . Ч
lЧemphasizedЧ¨mediated¨Ч,·s·mi//s̝) ʪΘheteЧagainЧitЧimpliesЧthatЧthisЧlocalГ
izationЧisЧmediatedЧ/,Θ msansΘs¸ΘaЧtactileЧlocalization,ЧwhichЧwouldЧbeЧim-
mediate.Ч1hisЧputpottedЧimmediacyЧolЧtouchЧcomesЧintoЧquestion,Ч imme-
diately aŒetwatd,Ч inЧ theЧ ąollowingЧ sentence-theЧssǯsndΘs/ags-ƬȊtbΘ theЧ
exampleЧolЧtheЧheatt.Ч ¨lotЧexample,ЧlЧleelЧmyЧheatt. ' ЧWhenЧlЧptessЧtheЧsut-
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
laceЧolЧtheЧ ßodyЧˆatoundЧtheЧheatt,'ЧlЧ discovet,ЧsoЧtoЧsay,ЧthisЧ heattЧsensa-
tion,' ЧandЧitЧmayЧbecomeЧsttongetЧandЧsomewhatЧmodihΧed.ЧltЧdoesЧnotЧit-
sellЧbelongЧtoЧtheЧtouchedЧsutlace,ЧbutЧitЧisЧconnectedЧwithЧit¨Ч,ibid. ,Чp. Чi/|) . Ч
̹otЧteasonsЧthatЧateЧnowЧevidentЧ, heЧattemptsЧtoЧhndЧagainЧtheЧintetnalЧ
ptopettyЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,ЧandЧtheЧmostЧsolipsisticЧpossible) ,Ч HussetlЧisЧ
alteadyЧ keenЧ onЧ connectingЧ thisЧ heattЧ sensationЧ withЧ theЧ expetienceЧ olЧ
touch,Ч evenЧilЧtheЧsensationЧ¨doesЧnotЧitsellЧbelongЧtoЧtheЧtouchedЧsutlaceЧ
_saƧcsΘ/ac/i/s} . ¨Θ ßutЧ sinceЧtheteЧ isЧ noЧ ¨doubleЧapptehension¨Ч theteЧ , pte-
ciselyЧ becauseЧ theЧ touching-touchedЧ thenЧ seems-sccŢs,Ч indeed-abso-
lutelyЧtoЧbeЧ¨inЧunionЧwithЧthat¨ЧɹneЧlaisantЧqu'unЧavecЧluiɼЧ andЧthenЧseemsЧ
toЧpettainЧtoЧsomeЧinctedibleЧtouchingЧwithoutЧanyЧtactileЧsutlace) ,ЧHussetlЧ
hasЧtoЧhndЧaЧphaseЧotЧanЧintetmediateЧsttatumЧolЧtouchЧinЧotdetЧtoЧupholdЧ
hisЧdemonsttation,ЧandЧthete,Чai/hΘm,ΘhandΘlЧtouchЧtheЧinsideЧolЧmyЧbodyЧ
byЧ¨leelingЧ/h·sagh¨ΘaЧsutlace.Ч1heteЧbegins,ЧinЧthisЧplace,ЧtoЧbeЧsomeЧsut-
lace,ЧandЧtheteloteЧsomeЧtouching,ЧinЧaЧsttictetЧsense,ЧbutЧalso,ЧwithЧsutlace,Ч
someЧvisibility,Ч evenЧ ilЧtheЧvisibleЧinЧlactЧeludesЧ actualЧsight.Ч ¨Likewise,Ч ilЧ
lЧ notЧ onlyЧ simplyЧ contactЧ theЧ sutlaceЧ olЧmyЧ ßodyЧ butЧ ptessЧ onЧ itЧ moteЧ
sttongly,Ч ptessЧintoЧtheЧƘeshЧ ,dasΘF/sischΘsind·ac/s) ɶΘi. e. , ЧwithЧmyЧtouchingЧ
hngetЧ DžleelЧthtough'ЧtoЧ myЧbonesЧ otЧinnetЧotgansЧ ,justЧas,Ч similatly,Ч withЧ
othetЧbodiesЧ _Kc·¸s·}Θ lЧleelЧthtoughЧtoЧtheitЧinnetЧpatts)ǡЧ ,ibid. ) . Ə łЧ
ʴIJt-/hi·dΘs/ags-˭eͫΘtheЧimmediateЧ¨heattЧsensation¨Ч ,intetnalЧ¨touch¨Ч
withoutЧanyЧvisibleЧcotpotealЧsutlace) ,ЧaltetЧtheЧhallŌvisibleЧmanualЧtouchЧ
thatЧ¨leelsЧthtough¨Ч aЧsutlace,ЧheteЧisЧtheЧtouchЧolЧtheЧhandЧvisibleЧltomЧ
bothЧsides,Ч theЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧtouched.Ч
8esides,ϞsolipsisticallyϞtheteϞbelougsϞtoϞevetyϞpositiouϞolϞmyϞeyesϞauϞ¨image¨Ĥ
aspectϞ,ein˰ džBʏ/d"-Hs¸ekt)˰ olϞtheϞseeuϞobjectϞaudϞthusϞauϞimageϞolϞtheϞotieutedϞ
euvitoumeut.Ϟ8utϞalsoϞiuϞtheϞcaseϞolϞtouchiugϞauϞobject,ϞtheteϞbelougsϞtoϞevetyϞ
positiouϞolϞmψϞhaudϞaudϞhugetϞaϞcottespoudiugϞtouch-aspectϞ,ein˰ Iast-Hs¸ekt)˰
olϞtheϞobject,Ϟj ustϞas,Ϟ ouϞ theϞothetϞside,Ϟ theteϞ isϞaϞtouch-seusatiouϞiuϞ theϞhuget,Ϟ
etc. ŅϞ audϞobviouslyϞtheteϞisϞvisuallyϞaϞcettaiuϞimageϞolϞmyϞtouchiugϞhaudϞaudϞ
itsϞtouchiugϞmovemeuts.ϞȽlϞthisϞisϞgiveuϞtoϞmeϞmysellϞasϞbelougiugϞtogethetϞiuϞ
co-pteseuceϞ , ƍr˰mich˰se//st˰in˰Kom¸räsenz˰zasammengehcrig˰gege/en)˰ audϞisϞ
theuϞttauslettedϞovetϞiuϞempathy.ϞtheϞothet'sϞtouchiugϞhaud,ϞwhichϞlϞsee,ϞappƆ
teseutsϞtoϞ meϞhisϞ solipsisticϞviewϞolϞthisϞhaudϞ audϞtheuϞalsoϞ evetythiugϞthatϞ
mustϞbelougϞtoϞitϞiuϞpteseutihedϞco-pteseuceϞ,in˰cergegenaärtiger˰Kom¸räsenz) .˰
YetϞtoϞtheϞappeatauceϞolϞtheϞothetϞpetsouϞtheteϞalsoϞbelougs,ϞiuϞadditiouϞtoϞ
whatϞhasϞbeeΪϞmeutioued,ϞtheϞiutetiotityϞolϞpsychicϞactsϞ ¸/inhrisÌi/e¸s,chiqae˰
de˰/acte¦ .˰ ,ibid.)Ϟ
čĕ

Iangsn/ΘIIΘ i
/,Ч
ThisЧlastЧexampleЧ,theЧvisibleЧhandЧtouchingЧaЧvisibleЧobject)Ч dehšnesЧtheЧ
typicalЧsituationЧuponЧwhichЧHussetlЧestablishesЧtheЧptivilegeЧolЧtouchЧinЧ
theЧsttongЧ sense-asЧ theЧpossibilityЧolЧ¨doubleЧapptehension¨ .Ч touching-
touched.ЧAndЧthisЧpossibility,Ч whichЧdependsЧonЧtheЧhandЧotЧinЧanyЧcaseЧaЧ
visibleЧ pattЧ olЧmyЧ body,Ч ptesupposesЧ aЧ sutlace,Ч theЧ visibilityЧ olЧit,Ч andЧ
,¨then,¨Ч˷nn,Θ saysЧHussetl.Ч butЧweЧmayЧwondetЧwhatЧj ustihesЧthisЧsucces-
sion)ЧtheЧpossibilityЧolЧmovingЧtowatdЧempathyЧandЧtheЧinditectЧapptesen-
tationЧolЧtheЧothetЧman'sЧss/asΘīss.ΘņetЧmeЧquoteЧthisЧpassageЧagain.Ч¨Ч. . . Ч andЧ
isЧthenЧttanslettedЧovetЧinЧempathy.ЧtheЧothetȖsЧtouchingЧhand,ЧwhichЧlЧsee,Ч
apptesentsЧtoЧmeЧhisЧsolipsisticЧviewЧolЧthisЧhandЧandЧthenЧalsoЧevetythingЧ
thatЧmustЧbelongЧtoЧitЧinЧptesentihedЧco-ptesenceЧ,Ч . . . ΘandΘ gsh/ΘdannΘinΘdisΘ
Einˈah/angΘa/s·ĝΘdisΘ/as/sndsΘHandΘdssΘAnds·sn,Θ disΘichΘsshs,Θ a¸¸·ässn/is·/Θ
mi·ΘdisΘss/i¸sis/ischsΘAnsich/Θdisss·ΘHandΘandΘdannΘa//ss,Θ aasΘˀnΘ ·s·gsgsn-
aä·/igs·ΘKsm¸·ässnzΘdazagshc·snΘmass) . ¨ Θ,ibid.)Ч
HenceЧoutЧquestionśЧilЧthisЧ¸sssi/i/i/,ΘolЧapptesentativeЧempathy,ЧolЧindi-
tectЧotЧanalogicalЧaccess,Ч alteadyЧpattakesЧolЧtheЧsolipsisticЧ¨moment¨Ч -beЧ
itЧasЧaЧvittualityЧbutЧthusЧalsoЧasЧanЧssssn/ia/Θpossibility-howЧcanЧitЧbeЧsaidЧ
thatЧitЧcomesЧ¨then, ¨Чaġetwatd,ЧhndingЧitsellЧgtoundedЧinЧanЧintuitiveЧandЧ
puteЧptesenceЧotЧco-immediacy:ЧAndЧthusЧilЧweЧassumeЧtheЧ¨intetiotityЧolЧ
psychicЧacts, ¨Ч isnƉtЧ itЧnecessaty,Ч ltomЧ theЧ outset,Ч thatЧvisibility,Ч beingЧex-
posedЧtoЧtheЧ outside,Ч theЧapptesentativeЧdetout,ЧtheЧinttusionЧolЧtheЧothet,Ч
andЧsoЧlotth,ЧbeЧa/·sad¸ΘatЧwotkǔЧAndЧwouldЧ thisЧ notЧcondition,ЧotЧatЧleastЧ
co-condition,ЧthatЧonЧwhichЧitЧseemsЧtoЧdependЧandЧthatЧitЧseemsЧtoЧlollow,Ч
moteovetЧinЧ theЧvetyЧinsideЧolЧtheЧ touching-touchedЧasЧ ¨doubleЧapptehen-
sion¨:ЧMustnŗtЧtheЧinttudetЧalteadyЧbeЧinsideЧtheЧplace:ЧlsnˇtЧitЧnecessatyЧthatЧ
thisЧspacingЧthusЧopenЧupЧtheЧplaceЧlotЧaЧteplacing,ЧandЧthatЧitЧmakeЧtoomЧ
lotЧtheЧsubstitute,ЧtheЧmetonymicalЧsupplement,ЧandЧtheЧtechnical:Ч
ņetЧmeЧbeЧmoteЧpteciseЧaboutЧtheЧmeaningЧotЧotientationЧ olЧoutЧques-
tion. Ч DenyingЧ theЧ possibilityЧ olЧaЧ tactileЧ expetienceЧ olЧtheЧ touching-
touchedЧisЧnotЧtheЧpoint,ЧbutЧinЧacknowledgingЧwhatЧitsЧmanualЧotЧdigitalЧ
exampleЧimpliesЧ ,asЧ/ss/ΘandЧpatadigmaticЧexample,ЧotЧ¨guidingЧthtead¨ЧolЧ
theЧanalysis) ,ЧlЧ askЧwhethetЧtheteЧisЧanyЧputeЧauto-allectionЧolЧtheЧtouch-
ingЧotЧtheЧtouched,Ч andЧtheteloteЧanyЧpute,Ч immediateЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧ
putelyЧptopetЧbody,Ч theЧbodyЧptopetЧthatЧisЧliving,ЧputelyЧliving.ЧOtЧil,Ч onЧ
theЧconttaty,Ч thisЧexpetienceЧisЧatЧleastЧnotЧalteadyЧhaan/sd,Θ butЧcsns/i/a-
/i·sqΘhaunted,Ч byЧsomeЧheteto˳allectionЧ telatedЧ toЧ spacingЧandЧ thenЧ toЧ
visibleЧspatiaǛity-wheteЧanЧinttudetЧmayЧcomeЧ thtough,Ч aЧhost,ЧwishedЧotЧ
i ?oЧ Exsm¸/·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āĔ/ssh''Θ
unwishedЧ lot,Ч aЧspateЧandЧauxi|iatyЧothet,Ч otЧaЧpatasiteЧtoЧ beЧtej ected,Ч aЧ
¸ha·ma/snΘ thatЧalteadyЧhavingЧatЧ itsЧ disposa|ЧaЧdwellingЧinЧthisЧ placeЧ in-
habitsЧoneťsЧheattЧolЧheattsЧ _/sa/Θ ¸·Θinͼ˽·isa·}Θ asЧaЧghost.Ч
WhenЧ HussetlЧ seemsЧ toЧ dtawЧ aЧ lineЧbetween,Ч onЧtheЧ oneЧ hand,Ч puteЧ
auto-ahectionЧ olЧtheЧ bodyЧ ptopetЧ inЧ theЧ ¨doubleЧ apptehension¨Ч olЧtheЧ
touching-touched,Чand,ЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧtheЧheteto-Ͳͳ ectionЧolЧsightЧotЧ
theЧeyeЧ,which,ЧitЧwi||ЧbeЧtecal|ed,ЧcanЧbeЧseenЧÜ seeingЧon|yЧinЧanЧindi·sc/Θ
lashion, ЧbyЧmeansЧolЧaЧmittotЧthatЧisЧ compatableЧinЧ itsЧ ehectsЧtoЧtheЧappte-
sentationЧolЧtheЧeyesЧolЧanЧothet) ,Чshou|dnťtЧoneЧtathetЧdistinguishЧbetweenЧ
sevetalЧtypesЧolЧauto-heteto-ahectionЧwithoutЧanyЧpute,ЧptopetlyЧpute,Ч im-
mediate,Ч intuătive,Ч living,Ч andЧ psychicalЧ auto-ahectionЧ atЧ all:Ч NoЧ doubt,Ч
theteЧwouldЧbeЧsomeЧauto-ahectionЧ¨ehects,¨ЧbutЧtheitЧana|ysisЧcannotЧes-
capeЧltomЧtheЧheteto-ahectionЧthatЧmakesЧthemЧpossibleЧandЧkeepsЧhaunt-
ingЧthem,ЧevenЧtheteЧwheteЧthisЧheteto-ahectionЧinΘgsns·a/Θ,theЧoneЧcomingЧ
ltomЧtheЧ ttanscendenta|Ч thingЧotЧtheЧlivingЧothet)Ч seemsЧ toЧvanish,Ч itte-
sistiblyЧcomingЧbackЧtoЧimposeЧitsellЧinЧtheЧana|ysisЧandЧtheЧexpoundingЧolЧ
itsЧtesults.ЧThis,ЧatЧ|east,ЧisЧwhatЧlЧhaveЧattemptedЧtoЧdemonsttate,ЧwhileЧte-
connectingЧinЧothetЧwaysЧwithЧtheЧthteadЧolЧancientЧpteoccupations.Ч
AccotdingЧotЧtestotingЧaЧptivilegeЧotЧptiotityЧtoЧanyЧsense-sight,Чtouch,Ч
heating,Чtaste,Чsme|l-wou|dЧthusЧnoЧlongetЧcomeЧintoЧquestion.Ч¨TheteЧisЧ
noЧthe'ЧsenseЧolЧtouch, ¨ЧęancyЧsays,ЧandЧheЧcouldЧlikewiseЧsay,Ч lЧ believe,Ч
¨TheteЧisЧnoЧŦthe'ЧsenseЧolЧsight, ¨ЧandЧsoЧlotth.Ч ltЧwou|dЧthenЧtathetЧbeЧaЧ
questionЧolЧteotganizingЧinЧ anothetЧwayЧthisЧ wholeЧ heldЧ olЧtheЧsaidЧsenseЧ
otЧsensžs.Ч ęoЧlongetЧwouldЧtheЧgeneta|Чhapto|ogyЧoneЧconsttuctedЧwithЧ
thisЧdependЧonЧaЧpatticulatЧsenseЧnamedЧtouch.ЧTheЧ constitutionЧ olЧtheЧ
bodyЧptopetЧthusЧdesctibedЧwouldЧalteadyЧptesupposeЧ aЧpassageЧoutsideЧ
andЧthtoughЧtheЧothet,ЧasЧwe||ЧasЧthtoughЧabsence,Чdeath,ЧandЧmoutning,Ч
asЧwel|ЧasЧthtoughЧ¨ecotechnics¨ЧandЧtheЧ ¨/schnëΘolЧbodies . ¨ЧThisЧwou|dЧ
ptesupposeЧintettuptionЧinЧgeneta|,ЧandЧaЧs¸acingΘltomЧbeloteЧanyЧdistinc-
tionЧbetweenЧseveta|Чspaces,ЧbetweenЧpsychica|Ч¨spteadingЧout¨ЧotЧ¨sptead-
ingЧ into¨Ч ,Aas/·si/ang,Θ Hin/·si/ang)Θ andЧsx/snsisΘolЧtheЧtealЧ _·ss/}Θ thing.Ч
WeЧ shou|dЧthenЧteinttoduceЧtheЧoutsideЧitsell,Ч theЧothet,ЧtheЧ inanimate,Ч
¨matetia|Чnatute, ¨ЧÜ we|lЧÜ death,ЧtheЧnon|iving,ЧtheЧnonpsychicalЧinЧgen-
eta|,Ч|anguage,Чthetotic,Чtechnics,ЧandЧsoЧlotth-al|ЧthatЧthisЧphenomeno-
logicalЧteductionЧtoЧ theЧ spheteЧolЧputeЧapputtenanceЧolЧtheЧ ¨solipsistic¨Ч
bodyЧptopetЧttiesЧtoЧkeepЧout.ЧLileЧolЧtheЧlivingЧptesentЧandЧlileЧasЧ ¨ttan-
scendenta| lile¨Ч ate,ЧasЧa|ways,ЧtheЧgteatЧquestion,ЧtoЧwhichЧweЧsha|lЧnotЧЊetЧ
againЧtetutnЧhete.Ч

Iangsn/ΘII
1hisЧtypeЧolЧquestionЧconcetnsЧtheЧwholeЧptoblematicЧolЧphenomeno-
logicalЧteduction,Ч puteЧintuition,Ч andЧsoЧlotth,Ч andЧ itЧobviouslyЧevenЧin-
vadesЧit,ЧwhetevetЧthisЧptoblematicЧmeetsЧwithЧtheЧthemesЧolЧpassiveЧgene-
sis,Чtime,ЧandЧtheЧothet.Ч1hisЧdehiscenceЧolЧtheЧoutsideЧandЧtheЧothetЧcomesЧ
toЧinsctibeЧanЧittepatableЧdisotganization,ЧaЧspacingЧthatЧdislocates,ЧaЧnon-
coincidenceЧ,whichЧalsoЧyieldsЧtheЧchanceЧ¸ c/sΘolЧlullЧintuition, ЧtheЧlot-
tuneЧolЧimmediacyЧehects) ,ЧwhetevetЧHussetlЧspeaksЧolЧ¨ovetlapping¨ЧandЧ
¨coincidence¨Ч ,Dsc/ang)Θ'ǖΘinЧtheЧtextsЧj ustЧinvoked,ЧwhetevetЧthisЧallegedЧ
coincidenceЧbecomesЧdetetminingЧlotЧtheЧlulhllingЧolЧanЧintuitionЧotЧiden-
tihȾТation.ЧAndЧalthoughЧtheteЧisЧnoЧmentionЧolЧthisЧinЧtheЧpassagesЧthatЧweЧ
haveЧpetusedЧ ,atЧleastЧ noЧmoteЧ thanЧ luttivelyЧandЧcutsotily) ,Ч thisЧ occutsЧ
ltomЧ theЧ movementЧ olЧ tempotalizationЧ andЧ itsЧ hyleticЧ layetsЧ onwatd,Ч
whichЧ theseЧ analysesЧ olЧtactileЧ sensationЧ mustЧ ptesupposeЧ inЧ thisЧ way,Ч
whethetЧitЧ isЧ aЧmattetЧolЧ¨immanent¨ЧpetceptionЧ,theЧkindЧtoЧwhichЧHus-
setlЧceaselesslyЧwantsЧtoЧleadЧusЧbackЧhete)ЧotЧpetceptionЧsaidЧtoЧbeЧ¨ttan-
scendent, ¨ЧthusЧtegulatlyЧteinttoduced-alteadyЧbyЧtheЧhand-withinЧim-
manenceЧitselŠЧ1heЧnoncoincidenceЧolЧwhichЧlЧspeakЧheteЧis,ЧhtstЧolЧall,ЧtheЧ
kindЧ thatЧwotksЧ at,Ч wotties,Ч andЧ tendetsЧ theЧ ¨livingЧ ptesent¨Ч¸ c/sΘ bothЧ
possibleЧandЧimpossible.ЧLetЧusЧsayЧthatЧtheseЧ¨ellects¨ЧateЧconstitutedĥЧtheyЧ
teinttoduceЧaЧptiotiЧwhatЧisЧconstitutedЧintoЧwhatЧisЧconstituting.Ч SinceЧlЧ
haveЧ oltenЧ takenЧ upЧ theЧ consequencesЧ otЧ implicationsЧ olЧ thisЧ inЧ othetЧ
places,Ч lЧ shallЧcontentЧmysellЧheteЧwithЧsituatingЧtheseЧtegulatЧtemindetsЧ
atoundЧtheЧquestionЧolЧtouchЧandЧtheЧtextsЧbyЧHussetlЧthatЧateЧexptesslyЧ
dedicatedЧtoЧ this.ЧAndЧweЧbeginЧtoЧglimpseЧwheteЧtheЧ thinkingЧolЧtouch,Ч
whichЧNancyЧisЧmakingЧusЧmeditate,Ч¨touches¨ЧwithoutЧtouching,ЧandЧde-
tachesЧitsellЧltom, ЧthisЧphenomenology,ЧwhetevetЧanЧintettuption,ЧotЧletЧusЧ
sayЧaЧsyncope,Ч aЧ/schnëΘolЧbodies,Ч andЧhtstЧolЧallЧ andЧevetywheteЧanЧitte-
ducibleЧs¸acingΘ,theЧhtstЧwotdЧolЧanyЧdeconsttuction,ЧvalidЧlotЧspaceЧÜ wellЧ
asЧtime)Ч constituteЧtheЧmoteЧinsistentЧmotilЧinЧthisЧthinking.Ч
WhyЧhaveЧl,Ч inЧtutn,ЧpaidЧsoЧmuchЧattentionЧtoЧɭussetl'sЧptivilegingЧinЧ
ptacticeЧolЧtheЧhandЧinЧotdetЧtoЧshowЧtheЧ¨ptivilege¨ЧolЧtouch:ЧßyЧteasonЧolЧ
theЧlollowingЧpatadox.ЧmoteЧthanЧanyЧothetЧpattЧolЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,Ч theЧ
handЧhasЧimposedЧaЧdetoutЧleadingЧthtoughЧvisibilityЧandЧexpositionЧtoЧaЧ
sutlace,ЧpteciselyЧwhenЧitЧwasЧ meantЧbettetЧtoЧillusttateЧtheЧpute,ЧpsychicЧ
auto-allectionЧolЧtheЧtouching-touched.Ч1htoughЧthisЧoutlet,ЧtheЧhandЧhasЧ
hnallyЧ imposedЧ theЧ possibilityЧ olЧempathicЧ apptesentation, Ч thatЧ is,Ч ex-
apptoptiation,ЧtheЧintetminableЧapptoptiationЧolЧanЧitteducibleЧnonptopet,Ч
whichЧconditions,Чconstitutes,ЧandЧlimitsЧevetyЧandЧanyЧapptoptiationЧpto-
|

Exsm¸/r,ΘS/srissΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
cessЧatЧtheЧsameЧ time.Ч ltЧhasЧ beenЧ anЧeatlyЧthteatЧtoЧwhatЧitЧwasЧ meantЧ toЧ
makeЧpossible.ЧļtЧhasЧteinttoducedЧintoЧsenseЧtheЧothetЧsenseЧandЧtheЧothetЧ
ofЧsense,ЧinЧal|ЧtheЧsensesЧandЧwaysЧofЧtheЧwotdЧssnssΘ_ssns}Θ. ' ʠ Θ
ɪndЧs oЧweЧatЧoutЧownЧpaceЧapptoachЧtheЧplaceЧofЧ aЧtesemblanceЧthatЧweЧ
canЧ a|teadyЧguessЧ at.Ч aЧhandЧandЧespeciallyЧaЧhandЧ ofЧ ¨û esh, ¨Ч aЧhandΘs¸Θ
man,ΘhasЧalwaysЧbegunЧtoЧtesembleЧaЧmanƾΘhand,ΘandЧthusЧaЧfathetlyЧhand,Ч
andЧsometimes,ЧmoteЧ¨otiginatily, ¨ЧtheЧhandЧofЧtheЧmetcifulЧlathet,ЧwhichЧ
isЧ toЧ sayЧhisЧ Son-theЧ handЧ thatЧ theЧ SonЧ is,Ч accotdingЧ toЧ theЧ LogosЧ otЧ
WotdЧ ofЧlncatnation.ЧɪsЧweЧshal|Ч see,Ч allЧ theseЧvaluesЧ touchЧ oneЧanothetЧ
byЧvittueЧofЧaЧ¨spititualЧtouch, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧin¸ni/s,Θ ma/aa/,Θ andΘimmsdia/sŪΘ
TheЧlastЧofЧoutЧhěveЧ Iangsn/sΘ,hěve,ЧlikeЧtheЧ hveЧhěngetsЧofЧoneЧhand,ЧlikeЧtheЧ
hveЧsenses)Ч willЧpethapsЧunfutlЧtheЧindisputab|eЧconsequenceЧofЧthis.Ч

§ ¸ Åan_cnt !!!
Ihc E\crbitcnt, 2 , ¨Cr,·tc//izcticn
c¸ thc im¡c··ib/c ''

¨F/c·h, ¨ cnd
cgcin, '1cr c\cm¡/c, m, hcnd¨
SingulatityЧolЧNancy'sЧ ¨cotpus. ƞЧltЧwouldЧbeЧlaitЧaƚsoЧ toЧaĆĆćĴaƪĢЧ inЧan-
othetЧ wayЧ what,Ч inЧ him,Ч weighs,Ч pondets,Ч andЧ thinksЧ inЧ theЧ vicinityЧ olЧ
touching.Ч OneЧwouldЧapptoachЧthisЧltomЧtheЧplacesЧwheteЧthisЧsingulatityЧ
isЧss/ΘĴΎЧ _s'sn/e·s} ,Θ inЧaЧway,Ч inЧandЧagainstЧwhatЧweЧmightЧtooЧeasilyЧandЧ
empitically-aĆĆćĴŖiŢaɄcϻ,Ч asЧ itЧwete-tetmЧaЧcettainЧltenchЧĆćĴŖiŢiɄȏ.Ч
WeЧsuggestedЧthisЧeatlietǐЧwithinЧaЧcettainЧphilosophicalЧhistotyЧolЧtouchЧ
lotЧtheЧpastЧtwoЧcentuties,ЧtheteЧhaveЧbeenЧtegulatЧpassagesЧactossЧĀutopeanЧ
botdetlines,ЧasЧwellЧshiltingsЧolЧtheseЧbotdets.ЧAndЧtheЧwayЧinЧwhichЧtheseЧ
occutЧ mayЧ beЧ ostensible,Ч legitimate,Ч otЧ botdetingЧ onЧ theЧ ȷandestineƱ
smuggling,Чeven,ЧpatticulatlyЧbetweenЧltanceЧandЧGetmany.ЧTheЧpassagesЧ
muchЧexceedЧtheЧmatketЧolЧ¨impottsƞЧ andЧ ¨expottsƞ-andЧ¨debts. ƞЧУatЧ
isЧonlyЧtooЧobviousЧinЧHeidegget'sЧcaseЧwasЧalteadyЧsoЧinЧHussetl's-toЧwit,Ч
twoЧltanco-GetmanЧhistotiesЧthatЧateЧmoteovetЧindissociablyЧlinked,ЧeachЧ
ptoloundlyЧovetdetetminingЧtheЧothet.Ч lňЧwellЧbeyondЧimpotts,ЧoneЧspokeЧ
theЧlanguageЧolЧinhetitanceЧandЧhliation, ЧoneЧwouldЧstillЧhaveЧtoЧ letЧitЧdoЧ
j usticeЧtoЧallЧtheЧapotiasЧthatЧmakeЧthemЧasЧinconceivableЧasЧ theЧvetyЧconƆ
ceptionЧolЧconcepts.Ч TheteЧisЧnotЧandЧtheteЧ couldЧnotЧbeЧandЧtheteЧmustЧ
notЧbeЧanyЧinhetitanceЧ otЧh liationЧwotthyЧolЧtheseЧappellationsЧwithoutЧ
ttanslotmation,Чte-beginning,Чte-invention,Чdivetting,Чtesistance,Чtebellion,Ч
andЧsometimesЧalsoЧbettayal-andЧespeciallyЧwithoutЧanЧintetbteedingЧolЧ
genealogies.ЧWeЧ haveЧteadЧHussetl,ЧaЧHussetlЧwhoЧwantsЧtoЧbeЧsuchЧaЧtadi-
calЧCattesian-moteЧCattesianЧthanЧDescattesЧhimsell-soЧasЧtoЧdoЧjusticeЧ
toЧallЧtheseЧgenealogicƩЧctossbteedings.Чßelotehand,ЧlЧalteadyЧgaveЧtemindƜ
etsЧolЧaЧcettainЧltenchЧ ttaditionЧ thatЧlollowsЧtheЧintettwinedЧ thteadsЧolЧaЧ
haptologyЧpassingЧthtoughЧidiomsЧandЧatgumentsЧasЧdilletent,Чcettainly,ЧasЧ

j
Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh'Θ
thoseЧolЧMaineЧdeЧßitan,ЧRavaisson,Чßetgson,ЧMetleau-lonty,ЧDeleuze,ЧandЧ
soЧlotth.ЧWithoutЧevenЧspeakingЧolЧHussetlianЧphenomenologyЧinЧgenetalЧ
,aЧtopicЧtathetЧtooЧlatgeЧlotЧtheЧdimensionsЧolЧtheЧptesentЧessay) ,Ч butЧlimČ
itingЧmysellЧtoЧtheЧmostЧexplicitЧanalysesЧthatЧHussetl leltЧusЧaboutЧ/ac/i/sΘ
sensationЧandЧpetceptionЧ,theЧonesЧinЧ IdsasΘIIΘtelettedЧtoЧ inЧ theЧptecedingЧ
chaptet) ,ЧhowЧamЧlЧtoЧsetЧalootЧaЧmodestЧanalysisЧolЧwhat,Чtoday,Ч pattlyЧteČ
semblesЧsuchЧaЧltenchЧ¨hetitage, ¨ЧwhatЧlЧeatlietЧtetmedЧaЧltenchЧttailЧ _si/-
/ags} ,Θ inЧ aЧvaguetЧwayЧandЧwithЧanothet,Ч evenЧ lessЧj ustihableЧhgute:ЧlЧ shallЧ
haveЧtoЧlimitЧmysellЧtoЧmetelyЧpointingЧtoЧsomeЧpaths,ЧpendingЧaЧmoteЧamʧ
bitiousЧandЧlessЧincompleteЧexplotation,ЧotЧinЧanyЧcaseЧaЧlaitetЧone.ЧlnЧhtstЧ
scoutingЧthisЧtettain,Ч theЧptincipleЧisЧsimple.ЧltЧmightЧbeЧjustihedЧwithЧteČ
gatdЧtoЧtheЧlollowingЧquestion.ЧasideЧltomЧtheЧlightЧshedЧonЧitЧbyЧLevinasƟsЧ
explotatotyЧwotkЧ,i. e. , ЧhisЧdiscoutseЧonЧtheЧcatessЧandЧhisЧteletencesЧtoЧIdsasΘ
Ŭǔ'ΘwhichЧlЧhaveЧalteadyЧtouchedЧon) ,ЧweЧmayЧaskЧoutselvesЧwhoЧinЧltanceЧ
hasЧwotkedЧoutЧanЧintetptetationЧolЧtouchЧwhileЧaccsmmsda/ingΘexplicitlyЧ
-btiehy,Чcutsotily,ЧotЧelliptically,ЧatЧtimes,ЧsomewhatЧmoteЧanalyticallyЧandЧ
insistently,ЧatЧothetЧtimes-Hussetl'sЧanalysisЧolЧtouch,ЧpteciselyЧwithinЧtheЧ
pagesЧ olЧIdsasΘIIΘthatЧ lЧ haveЧj ustЧ inЧ tutnЧ locatedЧ otЧ intetpteted.Ч SttictlyЧ
withinЧtheЧscopeЧolЧtheЧsenseЧexpetienceЧolЧ¨touch,¨ЧhowЧisЧitЧthatЧwhatЧwasЧ
thusЧaccepted,Чaccommodated,Ч tead,Ч andЧteceivedЧcouldЧeachЧtimeЧgiveЧtiseЧ
toЧ aЧdisplacement,Ч aЧteinsctiption,Ч andЧanЧotiginalЧteconhgutation,ЧwhichЧ
isЧtoЧsayЧanothetЧctossbteedingЧthatЧothetЧttaditionsЧwouldЧcomeЧtoЧpolliČ
nateЧinЧtheitЧtutn:Ч
LetЧmeЧptovisionally-albeitЧagainЧtooЧquickly,Ч andЧconsciousЧolЧlimitaČ
tions,Чincomptehensions,ЧandЧunjustihableЧexclusionsĎsummonЧupЧtheЧdilČ
letentЧpathsЧolЧthteeЧthinkets,Ч MauticeЧMetleau-lonty,Ч olЧcoutseЧ,whoЧhasЧ
alteadyЧcomeЧupЧmoteЧthanЧonce) ,ЧDidietЧltanck,ЧandЧāeanŌLouisЧChtĚtien.Ч
Metleau-lonty̜ЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧciteЧhimЧoġen,ЧbutЧtheitЧimplicitЧaƗniČ
tiesЧseemЧundeniableЧalthoughЧsometimesЧdiƗcultЧtoЧoutlineЧotЧlotmalize.Ч
StillЧ lessЧdeniableЧateЧ cettainЧgestutesЧ olЧmovingЧaway,Ч whichЧalsoЧsigniƀЧ
thatЧsomeЧdistancingЧtookЧplaceЧwithЧtegatdЧtoЧthisЧltenchЧ¨phenomenol-
ogyЧolЧtheЧhesh¨ЧthatЧweЧateЧnowЧcomingЧto.Ч1heЧonlyЧteletenceЧtoЧMetleau-
lontyЧthatЧlЧ loundЧinЧNancyЧ ,withinЧ theЧlimitsЧolЧmyЧteadingЧhim)Ч isЧ atЧ
onceЧbtielЧandЧallusive,ЧbutЧitЧgoesЧquiteЧlat,Ч andЧitЧshouldЧbeЧkeptЧinЧmindЧ
inЧevetythingЧthatЧlЧamЧhencelotthЧgoingЧtoЧsayЧaboutЧMetleauĪlontyЧotЧtheЧ
discoutseЧonЧ¨hesh¨ЧinЧgenetal.ЧLetЧusЧtetainЧatЧleastЧ/h·ssΘ/·ai/sΘolЧthisЧteletČ
enceЧ ,lЧ shouldЧquoteЧitsЧwholeЧcontext) ,Чnamely,Ч theЧchaptetЧtitledЧ ¨ßlackЧ
Hole, ¨ЧinЧĞsͳas.Θ'Ч
'
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ
I . lndeed,Ч althoughЧtheЧwotdЧ¨hand¨ЧisЧnotЧutteted,Ч itЧisЧaboutЧwhatЧlЧ
tetmedЧ ¨humanualism¨Ч _hamainisms¦ .Θ
TheϞbodyϞsiguihesϞitseƣ˰asϞbodyϞ,ol)ϞseusibleƵiutetiotity̎ϞweϞj ustϞhaveϞtoϞseeϞallϞ
thatϞ weϞ haveϞ theϞ humauϞ bodyϞ say,Ϟ audϞ itsϞ uptightϞ postute,Ϟ itsϞ opposableϞ
thumb,ϞitsϞeyesϞwheteϞheshϞtutusϞiutoϞsoulϞ,MatcelϞltoust) .ϞAudϞsoϞtheϞbodyϞ
pteseutsϞtheϞsigu'sϞbeiug-itselǵϞwhichϞisϞtoϞsayϞtheϞaccomplishedϞcommuuityϞolϞ
theϞsiguih etϞaudϞtheϞsiguih ed,ϞtheϞeudϞolϞextetiotity,ϞtheϞseuseϞtightϞatϞ¸aĕmème¦˰
theϞseusible-¨HocϞestϞ euimϞ. . . . Ϟ ¨Ϟ ,|eau-LucϞNaucy,Ϟ Co¸as,˰ pp.Ϟ 6|-6,)Ϟ
2. 1husЧatЧtheЧptincipleЧolЧwhatЧ¨weЧhaveЧtheЧhumanЧbodyЧsay, ¨ЧtheteЧis,Ч
accotdingЧtoЧęancy,ЧwhoЧnamesЧtheЧmostЧdecisiveЧtbemeЧolЧthisЧphenomД
enology,Ч aЧcettainЧphenomenon,ЧaЧphenomenologyЧolЧ¨sell-touching¨ǸЧ
8utϞtheϞbodyϞisϞuotϞthisϞLiviugϞTemple-LileϞasϞTempleϞaudϞtheϞTempleϞasϞ
Lile,Ϟsell-touchiugϞasϞaϞsactedϞmystety-exceptϞouϞtheϞcouditiouϞthatϞtheϞcit-
culatityϞgtouudiugϞitϞbeϞcompletelyϞhuished.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟ6,)Ϟ
). ̱dЧhete,Чespecially,ЧisЧtheЧconnectionЧbetweenЧthisЧ¨humanЧbody, ¨ЧtheЧ
¨sell-touching¨ЧolЧthisЧ û esh,ЧandЧtheЧbodyЧolЧaЧChtistianЧontoЧ theology,Ч inЧ
itsЧeuchatisticЧecstasyЧpatЧexcellence-otЧinЧthisЧ¨communion, ¨ЧmentionedЧ
eatliet,ŚЧaptoposЧolЧPhsnsmsns/sgđΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn.ΘȩtЧthisЧpointЧęancyЧquotesЧ
Metleau-lonty,ЧandЧheЧthenЧemphasizesЧtheЧdeh niteЧatticleЧ,¨/sΘcotps¨)ЧsevČ
etalЧtimesЧinЧthisЧchaptet,ЧlotЧitЧisЧwhatЧisЧthusЧsignihedЧbyЧitЧthatЧheЧisЧaʇetǸЧ
Ihe˰body,Ϟ thetelote,Ϟ isϞ uothiugϞ othetϞthauϞtheϞaato-s,m/o/ization˰ o¸˰the˰a/ŕ
so/ate˰organ.˰ltϞisϞuuuamableϞlikeϞGod,ϞitϞexposesϞuothiugϞtoϞtheϞoutsideϞolϞauϞ
exteusiou,Ϟ i tϞisϞ theϞotgauϞolϞsell-otgauizatiou,Ϟ uuuamableϞlikeϞtheϞtotϞolϞitsϞ
sell-digestiouϞ,DeathϞiuϞletsou)-uuuamable,ϞasϞwell,ϞasϞthisϞsell-textuteϞto-
watdϞwhichϞsttaiusϞaϞphilosophyϞolϞtheϞ¨bodyϞptopetȇϞ,¨WhatϞweϞateϞcalliugϞ
hesh,ϞthisϞiutetiotlyϞwotked-ovetϞmass,ϞhasϞuoϞuameϞiuϞauyϞphilosophy, ¨Ϟ saysϞ
MetleauƵlouty) . ˼ϞGod,Ϟ Death,Ϟ llesh-theϞ ttipleϞ uameϞ olϞtheϞ bodyϞ iuϞallϞ olϞ
outotheology.ϞTheϞ bodyϞisϞtheϞexhaustiveϞcombiuatiouϞaudϞcommouϞassump-
tiouϞ olϞtheseϞ thteeϞ impossibleϞ uames,Ϟ wheteϞ allϞ meauiugϞ weatsϞ itsellϞout. Ϟ
,ibi d. , Ϟpp. Ϟ6,-66) ˿ Ϟ
Metleau-lonty,Ч thetelote.ЧOneЧolЧtheЧhtstЧtextsЧi nЧwhichЧheЧtakesЧ intoЧ
accountЧtheЧ¨haptological¨ЧmomentЧinЧHussetl'sЧIdsǮΘIIΘ inЧanЧexplicitЧandЧ
insistentЧ
΁
ashion, Ч isЧ ptobablyЧ ĸ1heЧ lhilosophetЧ andЧ HisЧ Shadow,¨Ч inЧ
Signs.ĽΘ1heЧmovement,Ч¨aЧneʠwotŔЧ_/acis}Θ olЧimplications,¨ЧisЧalteadyЧcom-
plex,ЧandЧMetleau-lontyЧttiesЧtoЧ untavelЧ itЧinЧsuchЧpassagesЧinЧHussetl'sЧ
i ?6Ч Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
analysisЧ inЧwhich,Ч heЧsays,Ч ¨weЧnoЧlongerЧsenseЧtheЧpulsationЧofЧconstitut-
ingЧconsciousness¨Ч ,Merleau-lonty,Ч Signs,Θp. ЧĠ66) . ЧltЧisЧtrueЧthatЧMerleau-
lontyЧchsssssΘhȈsЧpathway,Ч withЧtheЧ¨preferences¨ЧandЧ ¨partialities¨Ч men-
tionedЧearlier.ЧǻeЧthenЧchoosesЧveryЧquicklyЧtoЧbringЧhimselfЧtoЧtheЧsiteЧofЧ
thisЧdefeat,ЧtoЧtheseЧlimitsЧofЧtheЧ¨constitutingЧconsciousness, ¨ЧandЧheЧdoesЧ
itЧwȈthЧasЧmuchЧenergyЧandЧdeterminationЧasЧHusserlЧconverselyЧmanifestsЧ
inЧdelayingЧcoŵingЧtoЧsuchЧaЧtermĻЧǿheЧcaseЧofЧtheЧsenseЧofЧtouchЧisЧj ustЧ
oneЧ exampleЧ inЧ theЧ trajectoryЧ ofЧthisЧ article.Ч AlthoughЧ Merleau-lontyЧ
seemsЧtoЧfollowЧIdsasΘIIΘandЧbeginЧwithЧtouch,ЧallЧtooЧsoon,Ч heЧassociatesЧ
withЧ it,Ч onЧtheЧsameЧplane,Ч theЧ exampleЧ ofЧsight,Ч ȈnЧaЧwayЧthatЧ ǻusserlЧ
wouldЧneverЧhaveЧdeemedЧ legitimate,Ч andЧfurtherЧframesЧthisЧwithЧ con-
siderationsЧofЧseeing.ЧNoЧsoonerЧhasЧheЧmentionedЧIdsasΘIIΘthanЧheЧsum-
monsЧupЧanЧ ¨lЧ amЧ ableЧto¨Ч ,aЧßiranianЧ asЧ muchЧasЧ HusserlianЧ one,Ч lЧ mayЧ
fairlyЧsay)ЧandЧatЧ onceЧ connectsЧ itЧwithЧvisibility. Ч¨ǿheЧrelationЧbetweenЧ
myЧbodyȗsЧmovementsЧandЧtheЧthing'sЧproperties'ЧwhichЧtheyЧrevealЧisЧthatЧ
ofЧtheЧ ĉlЧ amЧableЧ to'Ч toЧ theЧmarvelsЧ itЧisЧ withinЧ itsЧpowerЧtoЧgiveЧ riseЧto. Ч
AndЧyetЧmyЧbodyЧmustЧitselfЧbeЧmeshedЧintoЧtheЧvisibleЧworld,Ч itsЧpowerЧ
dependsЧpreciselyЧonЧtheЧfactЧthatЧitЧhasЧaЧplaceЧ¸ısmΘahichΘitЧsees.ЧǿhusЧitЧ
isЧaЧthing,ЧbutЧaЧthingЧlЧdwellЧin¨Ч ,ibid. ) .Ч
WhatЧcountsЧhere,Ч beforeЧtheЧŵultiplicityЧofЧsensesЧandЧsensibleЧthings,Ч
isЧtheЧoriginaryЧhs·s,Θ andЧthatЧitЧshouldЧbeЧincludedЧinЧtheЧworld,ЧlikeЧaЧ
thing,ЧevenЧwhileЧitЧremainsЧtheЧoriginЧofЧtheЧworldЧasЧwellЧasЧofЧmyЧ¨lЧ amЧ
ableЧto. ¨ ЧNonetheless,ЧtheЧhrstЧexampleЧremainsЧthatЧofЧtheЧ·isi//sΘandЧnotЧ
theЧ/angi//sΘworld.ЧlmmediatelyЧafterwardЧcomesЧtheЧexampleЧofЧtouchĶ
andЧagainЧitЧisЧtheЧ hand,Ч theЧhandЧitself,Ч theЧhandЧalone,Ч theЧtwoЧhandsЧ
alone,ЧorЧtheЧmetonymicЧhand.Ч¨theЧtouchedЧhandЧbecomesЧtheЧtouchingЧ
hand. ¨Ч
ǿheЧexampleЧofЧtheЧhand,Чcertainly,Чi sЧatЧhand,ЧyetЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧi tЧisЧ
not.Ч ltЧimposesЧ itselfЧforЧ twoЧ reasons. Ч becauseЧ Merleau-lontyЧ isЧ inЧ theЧ
processЧofЧdiscussingЧIdsasΘIIΘ whereЧtheЧhandЧhndsЧitselfЧatЧhome,Ч soЧtoЧ
speakЧ,thoughЧitЧhasЧtrouble,Чthere,ЧhndingЧitselfЧonЧitsЧown) ,ЧandЧbecauseЧ
theЧlawЧofЧtheЧsensible-ĢžćžЧ¸̒' ЧiciΘsensibleȲЧ demandsЧthis,Ч thereЧwhereЧforЧ
Merleau-lontyЧitЧisЧsuchЧ aЧdearЧtopic,ЧinЧ thisЧ textЧandЧ elsewhere.ЧĕetЧ theЧ
hs·sΘdoesЧ notЧseemЧtoЧbeЧableЧtoЧreferЧtoЧitselfЧexceptЧinЧanЧexperienceЧthatЧ
isЧatЧtheЧsameЧ timeЧ tactileЧandЧ deicticЧandЧ resemblesЧaЧ¨re΂đection¨Ч ofЧtheЧ
body.Ч WhenЧdescribingЧtheЧ¨relationЧofЧmyЧbodyЧtoЧ itselfЧwhichЧmakesЧ itЧ
theЧ·inca/amΘofЧtheЧselfЧandЧthings, ¨ЧMerleaučlontyЧfollowsЧHusserlȗsЧhand,Ч
butЧheЧalsoЧbeginsЧtoЧleadЧitЧwhereЧitЧdoesЧnotЧalwaysЧseem,ЧsimplyЧenough,Ч

ųangent˰IIIΘ
toЧ goЧ onЧitsЧ own.Ч TheЧ movementЧ olЧthisЧ leadingЧtemainsЧ tathetЧsubtle,Ч
howevet,Ч andЧitЧ isЧ soЧ respectlulЧ olЧcettainЧ possibilitiesЧ andЧ vittualities,Ч
whichЧateЧliterallyЧattestedЧinЧHussetlˈsЧtext,ЧthatЧitЧisЧdilh cultЧtoЧsortЧoutЧ
Merleau-lontyŗsЧ activelyЧ intetptetingЧshare.Ч Everything-almostЧevety-
thing-seemsЧ toЧ playЧitsellЧoutЧinЧtheЧdilletentialЧ betweenЧ oneЧ insistentЧ
locusЧandЧanother,ЧandЧonЧtheЧkeyboardЧolЧvaryingЧthematicЧemphasesЧandЧ
metaphoricalЧ displacements.Ч ȩndЧ sinceЧ Metleau-lontyŗsЧ writingЧ handЧ
bothЧlollowsЧandЧinHectsЧHussetl'sЧhand,ЧtheЧoneЧthatЧwritesЧandЧthatЧIdsasΘ
IIdesctibes,ЧletЧ usЧ inЧ tutnЧlollowЧtheseЧhands.Ч
lnЧthisЧplace,ЧMetleau-lontyЧshowsЧlessЧolЧanЧinterestЧinЧ¨touching,¨ЧthatЧ
is,ЧinЧwhatЧmightЧcomeЧbeloteЧsight,Ч otЧconditionЧit,ЧinЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧ
theЧ bodyЧ ptopetЧ ,Lsi/) ,Θ thanЧ inЧ aЧ ¨sottЧ olЧreûƛection¨̨Ч olЧtheЧ ¨touchingţ
touched, ¨ЧtheЧ¨exttaordinatyЧevent¨ЧolЧthisЧsensibleЧteûexivityǐЧ
TheteϞisϞaϞtelationϞolϞmyϞbodyϞtoϞ itsellϞwhichϞmakesϞitϞtheϞcinca/am˰olϞtheϞsellϞ
andϞthings.ϞWhenϞmyϞtightϞhandϞtouchesϞmyϞlelt,ϞlϞamϞawateϞolϞitϞasϞaϞ¨physœ
icalϞthing. ¨Ϟ8utϞatϞtheϞsameϞ moment,ϞilϞlϞ wish,Ϟ anϞexttaotdinatyϞeventϞtakesϞ
placeĨϞ heteϞisϞmyϞleltϞhandϞasϞwellϞstattingϞtoϞpetceiveϞmyϞtight,Ϟes˰aird˰Lei/Ġ˰es˰
em¸¸ndet˰ļitϞbecomesϞ8ody,Ϟ itϞsensesϞ, Hussetl,ϞIdeas˰Iț˰ p. Ϟi,2) ¦ .ϞTheϞphysicalϞ
thingϞbecomesϞ animate.Ϟ Ot,Ϟ moteϞptecisely,Ϟ itϞtemainsϞwhatϞitϞwasϞ ,theϞeventϞ
doesϞnotϞentichϞit) ,Ϟ butϞanϞ explotatotyϞpowetϞcomesϞ toϞtestϞuponϞotϞdwellϞinϞ
it.ϞThusϞlϞtouchϞmysellϞtouching,ϞmyϞbodyϞaccomplishesϞ¨aϞsottϞolϞteûƃection. ¨Ϟ
lnϞi t, ϞthtoughϞi t, ϞtheteϞisϞnotϞj ustϞtheϞuniditectionalϞtelationshipϞolϞtheϞoneϞ
whoϞpetceivesϞtoϞwhatϞheϞpetceives.ϞTheϞtelationshipϞisϞtevetsed,ϞtheϞtouchedϞ
handϞ becomesϞ theϞtouchingϞhand,ϞandϞlϞ amϞ obligedϞ toϞ sayϞthatϞtheϞsenseϞolϞ
touchϞheteϞisϞdillusedϞintoϞtheϞbody-thatϞtheϞ bodyϞisϞaϞ ¨petceivingϞthing¨Ϟ
¸em¸¸ndendes˰Ding¦ ,˰ aϞ¨subjectŕobject¨Ϟ ¸das˰sa/¸ektice˰O/¸ekt¦ Ŧ˰
ltϞisϞimpetativeϞthatϞweϞtecognizeϞthatϞ thisϞ desctiptionϞ alsoϞ ovettutnsϞoutϞ
ideaϞolϞtheϞthingϞandϞtheϞwotld,ϞandϞthatϞitϞtesultsϞinϞanϞontologicalϞtehabili-
tationϞolϞtheϞsensible.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ i66ǜ6;)Ϟ
WithЧtespectЧtoЧthisЧpassage,ЧasЧtoЧsoЧmanyЧothets,ЧitЧisЧnecessaryЧtoЧlo-
calizeЧtheЧinstantЧwhenЧtheЧaccompanimentЧolЧtheЧcommentatyЧandЧtheЧ
pedagogicalЧrestoration,ЧwhichЧinvolveЧaЧsimpleЧthetoticalЧshilt,ЧbeginЧdis-
cteetlyЧtoЧbendЧtheЧothet'sЧintentions,ЧwithoutЧbettayingЧthemЧouttight,Ч
andЧtoЧdtiveЧthemЧelsewhete.Чlndeed,ЧsometimesЧtheЧcautionЧthatЧconsistsЧ
inЧgivingЧaЧpreciseЧteletenceЧandЧseekingЧshelterЧbehindЧaЧlitetalЧcitationЧinЧ
GetmanЧcomesЧtoЧbettayЧtheЧbettayal-andЧnotЧonlyЧinЧMetleau-lonty.Ч
WhatЧ theЧlattetЧisЧkeenЧ onЧ showingЧisЧ thatЧheЧ temainsЧasЧcloseЧasЧ possibleЧ
toЧHussetlЧatЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧheЧisЧannouncingЧanЧ¨ontologicalЧtehabЧil˴
i ??Ч Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
itationЧolЧtheЧsensible¨ .ЧyetЧHusserlЧwouldЧneverЧhaveЧspokenЧolЧitЧinЧsuchЧ
terms,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme,ЧandЧthisЧwouldЧnotЧhaveЧinterestedЧhimЧlorЧaЧsingleЧ
second,ЧsupposingЧthatЧheЧevenЧsoughtЧtoЧlendЧanЧearЧtoЧit-noЧmoreЧthanЧ
toЧ aЧ ¨description¨Ч thatЧ ¨overturnsЧ ourЧideaЧolЧtheЧ thingЧandЧ theЧworld¨Ч
,Merleau-lonty,Ч Signs,Θ p.Чi 66) . ЧSimilarly,Ч HusserlЧwouldЧnotЧadmitЧtoЧbe-
ingЧ ¨obligedЧ toЧsay¨ЧwhateverЧ itЧmightЧbe,Ч andЧ ¨obligedЧ toЧ sayЧthatЧ theЧ
senseЧolЧtouchЧhereЧisЧdilĐsedЧintoЧtheЧbodyЧ_·é¸andaΘƊnsΘ/sΘcs·¸s} , ¨ΘgivenЧ
theЧstratih edЧreasonsЧthatЧweЧhaveЧalreadyЧexamined.ЧHusserlЧspeaksЧaboutЧ
aЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧthatЧisЧnotЧdillusedЧthroughoutЧtheЧbody.Ч ŝЧ imagineЧthatЧ
HusserlЧwouldЧhaveЧalsoЧaskedЧwhatЧ¨comesЧtoЧrestЧuponЧorЧdwellЧinЧit, ¨Ч
rigorouslyЧandЧnotЧmetaphorically,Ч meansЧtoЧsayЧ,theЧtwoЧtermsЧareЧhardlyЧ
compatible,Ч asЧ aЧ matterЧ olЧlact)Ч whenЧ usedЧ toЧ describeЧ theЧ mannerЧ inЧ
whichЧ¨anЧ exploratoryЧpower¨Ч relatesЧ toЧ aЧ¨physicalЧthing¨ЧwhenЧitЧ¨be-
comesЧ animate. ¨ЧAllЧthisЧshiltingЧisЧpreparingЧandЧblazingЧtheЧwayЧlorЧaЧ
discourseЧcarriedЧ outЧ inЧ advance,Ч theЧdiscourseЧolЧûeshЧ andЧ incarnation,Ч
whichЧ willЧincreasinglyЧandЧ inЧ aЧ complexЧ andЧ rehnedЧwayЧbecomeЧ theЧ
pathЧolЧMerleau-lontyƲsЧthinkingĎandЧweЧhaveЧalreadyЧseenЧhowЧNancyЧ
veersЧlromЧit.Ч
StartingЧwithЧtheЧnextЧpageЧweЧpassЧlromЧtheЧtranslationЧolЧ/si/ha¸ƪΘasЧ
¨inЧpersonDŽЧ orЧ ¨inЧtheЧ ûįesh¨Ч toЧ inca·na/isn,Θ toЧ ¨myЧownЧ incarnation¨Ч asЧ
¨carnalЧsubj ect,¨ЧandЧ thisЧ inЧ theЧ nameЧ olЧwhatЧhasЧbeЧ toЧ ¨takenЧ literally,¨Ч
preciselyЧwhereЧHusserlЧwouldЧneverЧhaveЧconcludedЧlromЧtheЧlactЧthatЧaЧ
thingЧcanЧbeЧpresentЧorЧ¨perceivedЧ ɘ/si/ha¸Ȩig, ś Ɇ Θ thatЧtheЧthingĎanyЧthingЧ
ĎhasЧûįeshЧ,inЧtheЧsense,ЧthisЧtime,Ч olЧtheЧliving,Ч animate,Ч andЧincarnateЧ
¨bodyЧproper¨), ЧorЧthatЧthereЧisЧ aЧ¨ûesh¨Ч olЧtheЧworld.Ч ltЧisЧinЧthisЧratherЧ
non-HusserlianЧpassage,ЧthisЧaudaciousЧtranslation,ЧalwaysЧproposedЧinЧtheЧ
nameЧolЧHusserl-andЧevenЧtheЧletterЧolЧHusserl'sЧtext,ЧthusЧ¨translated¨ŀ
thatЧMerleau-lontyЧgetsЧinvolved.Ч¨WhenЧweЧsayЧthatЧtheЧperceivedЧthingЧ
isЧgraspedЧ inЧperson'ЧorЧinЧtheЧûesh'Ч _/si/ha¸} ,ΘthisЧisЧtoЧbeЧtakenЧliterally.Ч
theЧƘeshЧ olЧwhatЧisЧ perceived,Ч thisЧ compactЧparticleЧwhichЧ stopsЧ explo-
ration,Ч andЧthisЧoptimumЧwhichЧterminatesЧitЧallЧreû ectЧmyЧownЧincarna-
tionЧ andЧ areЧ itsЧ counterpart.Ч HereЧweЧ haveЧ aЧ typeЧ olЧbeing¨Ч ,Merleau-
lonty,Ч Signs,Θ p. Чi6/) . Ч
WeЧ canЧimagineЧHusserl'sЧspontaneousЧresistanceĎj ustihedЧor ЧnotĎtoЧ
thisЧ¨translation, ¨ЧtoЧthisЧdiscourse,ЧatЧeveryЧstepЧandЧeveryЧturn.Ч ßutЧthisЧ
literalЧdisplacementЧolЧtheЧletter,ЧinЧwhich,Чhowever,Ч¨literally¨ЧisЧstillЧsaid,Ч
signsЧMerleau-lonty'sЧwholeЧdesignЧinЧSignsΘandЧIhsΘlisi//sΘandΘ/hsΘˁn·is-
i//s.ΘßothЧtheЧviolenceЧolЧinterpretationЧandЧ theЧnecessityЧolЧphilosophicalЧ

Iƃngsn/ΘIIIΘ
wtitingЧthatЧisЧgivenЧovetЧtoЧ theЧh guteЧateЧaccepted,Чclaimed,ЧandЧsigned.Ч
1hisЧisЧevenЧtheЧ conclusionЧolЧ¨1heЧlhilosophetЧandЧHisЧShadow. ¨Ч1heЧ
othetsЧateЧthete,Чalteady,ЧwithЧtheitЧgestutes,ЧspokenЧwotds,Ч¨toЧwhichЧoutЧ
ownЧ tespondЧ. . . Ч toЧ theЧpointЧthatЧweЧ sometimesЧ tutnЧ theitЧwotdsЧbackЧ
uponЧ themЧ evenЧ beloteЧ theyЧhaveЧ teachedЧ us,Ч asЧ sutelyЧas,Ч moteЧ sutelyЧ
than,ЧilЧweЧhadЧ undetstoodЧ . . . Ч lotЧalthoughЧmeaningЧisЧevetywheteЧhgu-
tative,ЧitЧisЧmeaningЧ žssns}Θ whichЧisЧatЧissueЧevetywhete¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч i ?̏) .Ч
ObjectingЧtoЧtheseЧstatementsЧthemselvesЧisЧ notЧtheЧissueЧlotЧusЧhete.Ч ŅnЧ
aЧmomentЧwe'llЧlollowЧtheitЧconsequencesЧasЧlatЧasЧtheЧhgutalЧtelationЧbe-
tweenЧtheЧsensesЧolЧtouchЧandЧsightЧateЧconcetned,ЧbutЧitЧisЧhě ttingЧh tstЧtoЧ
tecallЧtwoЧintetptetativeЧpteliminaties.Ч
J. WeЧ canЧnevetЧsulh cientlyЧemphasizeЧthatЧHussetl'sЧtesistanceЧisЧpteƆ
ciselyЧtoЧ aЧ metaphoticalЧ slantЧonЧ theЧ subjectЧ olЧtheЧ becomingƠtouchЧ olЧ
sightЧotЧtheЧbecoming-seeingЧotЧbecoming-visibleЧolЧtouchĔЧ1heЧptincipleЧ
olЧthisЧ tesistance,Ч inЧ theЧ nameЧ olЧtheЧ ptopetЧ andЧ theЧ senseЧ saidЧ toЧ beЧ
ptopet,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧcommonЧsense,ЧisЧanЧaxiomЧolЧphenomenologyЧinЧitsЧ
HussetlianЧdiscoutse.ЧEvenЧilЧttanslatingЧotЧmetaphotizingЧHussetl'sЧlanƆ
guageЧisЧunavoidable,Ч doesЧoneЧhaveЧtheЧtightЧtoЧdistegatdЧitsЧaxiomaticsЧ
onЧ theЧsubjectЧolЧwhatЧlanguageЧ shouldЧ beЧotЧshouldЧ notЧ do:ЧWhoЧsaysЧ
whatЧisЧtight,Чhete:ЧLetЧusЧl eaveЧthisЧquestionЧhangingЧandЧptoceedЧtowatdЧ
aЧsecondЧtemindetЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧteadingЧHussetŶɎЧ
2. Metleau-lonty'sЧmajotЧconcetnЧisЧnotЧonlyЧtheЧ¨teûƛexive¨ЧaccessЧtoЧtheЧ
¨incatnation¨ЧolЧ¨myЧbody,¨ЧinЧthisЧh tstЧaŴlusionЧtoЧtheЧtouchingƠtouchedЧolЧ
theЧhand,ЧitЧisЧalsoЧandЧimmediatelyЧtoЧinvolveЧtheЧothet,ЧandЧmyЧexpetienceЧ
olЧtheЧ othet'sЧ bodyЧotЧ theЧ ¨othetЧ man's¨-theЧ othetЧ asЧ othetЧ humanЧ be-
ing-inЧ theЧ beingЧ touchedЧolЧmyЧownЧptopetЧhandЧthatЧisЧtouching.ЧAndЧ
heteЧagain, ЧweЧateЧnotЧobjectingЧtoЧtheЧintetestЧotЧnecessityЧinhetentЧinЧthisЧ
movementЧ ,whichЧ mobilizesЧ theЧimmense,Ч leatsomeЧptoblematicЧolЧEinĴ
̙h/angΘandЧtheЧapptesentationЧolЧtheЧaltetЧegoЧotЧtheЧothetЧmanЧinЧHussetŤ

andЧtheЧdestinyЧolЧthisЧptoblematicЧinЧltance) .Ч ßutЧshouldn'tЧweЧmatk-inЧ
aЧlimited,Чpointed,ЧbutЧacuteЧlashion-wheteЧMetleauƠlontyЧgivesЧinЧtoЧaЧ
tathetЧambiguous-andЧptoblematic-gestuteЧinЧhisЧteadingЧolЧIdsasΘIIΘ,aЧ
teadingЧaimingЧtoЧbeЧasЧ litetalЧ andЧlaithĐlЧasЧ possible,ЧsuppottedЧbyЧnotesЧ
andЧGetmanЧtetms) :Ч1hisЧgestuteЧisЧimpottantЧlotЧus,ЧnotЧsoЧmuchЧlotЧteaƆ
sonsЧ olЧintegtityЧotЧphilologicalЧdisciplineЧ,thoughЧŅЧ amЧkeenЧonЧ thoseЧ asЧ
well) ,Ч butЧ becauseЧ olЧsomeЧ olЧitsЧ patadoxicalЧ andЧ typicalЧ consequencesƢЧ
WhatЧateЧthey:ЧßeloteЧstatingЧthemЧlotmally,ЧletЧmeЧagainЧquoteЧltomЧ¨1heЧ
lhilosophetЧandЧHisЧShadow¨ЧandЧemphasizeЧsomeЧpassages.Ч
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
MyϞtightϞhaudϞaas¸resent_assistait]atϞtheϞadveutϞolϞ myϞlenϞhaud'sϞactiveϞseuseϞ
olϞtouch.ϞItisinnodqrent ¸ashionthatϞtheϞothet'sϞbodyϞbecomesϞauimateϞbe-
loteϞmeϞwheuϞlϞshakeϞauothetϞmau'sϞhaudϞotϞjustϞlookϞatϞhimϞ ¸Hussetl,ϞIdeasÍĕ
pp.Ϟ i;,;¡] . luϞleatuiugϞthatϞmyϞbodyϞisϞaϞ¨petceiviugϞthiug,¨ϞthatϞisϞableϞtoϞbeϞ
stimulatedϞ _reiz/ar]-lt,audϞuotϞj ustϞmyϞ¨cousciousuess¨-lϞ ptepatedϞ mysellϞ
lotϞuudetstaudiugϞthatϞtheteϞateϞothetϞanima/iaaudϞpossiblyϞothetϞmeu.Ϟ
Jisim¸eratieetorecognizethataehaeehereneithercom¸arison, norana/og,
nor¸ro¡ection or ¨intro¡ection"¸ohueϞluttojektiouϞ ,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟ i;,) ] . TheϞ teasouϞ
whyϞlϞhaveϞevideuceϞolϞtheϞothetϞmau'sϞbeiugĄtheteϞwheuϞlϞ shakeϞhisϞ haudϞisϞ
thatϞhisϞhaudϞisϞsubstitutedϞlotϞmyϞle͵ϞhaudϞ. . . . Ϟ ,Metleau-l͑uty,ϞSigns,p. Ϟr 6¦)ª
1heЧHussetlianЧtefetencesЧandЧcitationsЧmustЧ notЧ deludeЧ us.ЧAtЧtheЧvetyЧ
sameЧ timeЧwhenЧMetleau-lontyЧclaimsЧthatЧheЧisЧmakingЧaЧcommentЧonЧ
HussetlЧotЧseekingЧinspitationЧinЧhim, ЧheЧputsЧtheЧshoeЧonЧtheЧwtongЧfoot,Ч
litetally,ЧtutningЧupsideЧdown,ЧshottЧofЧcompletelyЧmisteading,ЧtheЧsenseЧofЧ
Hussetl'sЧtext,ЧwhichЧlЧhave,ЧfotЧthisЧvetyЧteason,ЧalteadyЧsoughtЧtoЧsituate.Ч
1heЧpageЧinЧquestionЧcleatlyЧsaysЧthatЧlЧ canЧns·s·ΘhaveЧaccessЧtoЧtheЧbodyЧ
,LsiΘ /)Θ ofЧtheЧothetЧsxcs¸/ΘinЧanЧinditectЧfashion,ЧthtoughЧapptesentation,Ч
compatison,Чanalogy,Чptojection,ЧandЧinttojection.Ч1hatЧisЧaЧmotifЧtoЧwhichЧ
HussetlЧtemainsЧpatticulatlyЧandЧhetcelyЧfaithful.ЧAndЧwhenЧheЧsaysЧ¨with-
outЧinttoj ection,¨Чindeed,ЧthisЧisЧnotЧtoЧquali¦ЧoutЧaccessЧtoЧtheЧothet'sЧliv-
ingЧbody,Ч butЧtheЧaccessЧthatЧothetsЧhave-thatЧtheyЧhave,Чj ustЧasЧlЧhaveĶ
toЧ theitЧ ownЧ ptopetЧ bodiesЧ ,¨withoutЧinttojection¨) .Ч ßutЧ thisЧaccessЧ thatЧ
othetsЧhaveЧwithoutЧinttojectionЧtoЧtheitЧbodies,ЧlЧcanЧhave-toЧtheitЧownЧ
ptopetЧ bodies-onlyЧ byЧ inttojectionЧ otЧ apptesentation.Ч HussetlЧ wouldЧ
nevetЧhaveЧsubsctibedЧtoЧthisЧ¨ltЧisЧinЧnoЧdiffetentЧfashionЧ. . . Ч¸ceЧn' estЧpasЧ
auttementЧ. . .ЧĂ ʺ Ч,¨I/ΘisΘinΘnsΘd̰̱·sn/Θ ¸shisnΘthatЧtheЧothet'sЧbodyЧbecomesЧ
animateЧbefoteЧmeЧwhenЧlЧshakeЧanothetЧman'sЧhandЧotЧj ustЧlookЧatЧhim¨Ч
_Signs,Θ p. Чƨ6?Ă ) , ЧwhichЧassimilatesЧtheЧtouchingčtheŌtouchingЧ _/sΘ/sachan/-
/sachs·¦Θ ofЧmyЧownЧptopetЧbodyЧotЧmyЧtwoЧhandsЧwithЧtheЧcontactЧofЧtheЧ
othet'sЧ hand.Ч LetЧ usЧ againЧ teteadЧ thisЧ passageЧ inЧ Hussetl.Ч HeЧ hasЧ beenЧ
speakingЧofЧtheЧappeatanceЧofЧtheЧothetЧpetsonЧ,EtscheinungЧdesЧftemdenЧ
Menschen) ,Ч ¨undetstandingЧofЧtheЧothet'sЧpsychicЧlife, ¨ЧandЧespeciallyЧofЧ
theЧ¨systemЧofЧsignsЧɏexptessing'ЧpsychicЧevents¨ЧinЧtheЧlanguageЧthatЧisЧ¨ac-
tuallyЧspoken¨ЧandЧitsЧ¨gtammat¨.Ч¨SinceЧheteЧthisЧmanifoldЧexptessionЧap-
ptesentsЧpsychicЧsxis/sncsΘinЧȁcatnaŴ¦Ч Cotpoteality,Ч thusЧtheteЧisЧconstitutedЧ
withЧallЧthatЧanЧobjectivityЧwhichЧisЧpteciselyЧdoubleЧandЧunitaty.ЧtheЧmanЧ
-withoutЧɏinttojection' ǣЧ , Hussetl,ЧIdsasΘIIΘ p. ЧǞ

) . Θ
¨WithoutЧinttojection¨.ЧtheseЧwotdsЧdoЧnotЧdesctibeЧmyЧtelationЧtoЧtheЧ

|
Iƃngsn/ΘıııЧ
othet'sЧcatnalЧ ¨cotpoteality¨Ч ,Lsi//ich/si/ĕ ,Θwhich,Ч asЧ HussetlЧalwaysЧsaysЧ
unambiguously,ЧisЧptesentЧlotЧmeЧonlyЧinditectlyЧandЧbyЧwayЧolЧanalogicalЧ
¨inttojection, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧapptesented,Ч asЧ thisЧpassageЧcleatlyЧputsЧit. Ч
Howevet,Ч whatЧ thisЧapptesentationЧ delivetsЧ toЧ meЧ isЧ anothetЧ man,Ч andЧ
whatЧlotЧhimЧisЧinsctibed-inЧhisΘphenomenon,ЧwhichЧhsΘhas,Ч¸·ΘhisΘ¸a·/,Θ
andΘahichΘai//Θns·s·Θ/sΘmins-ƙsΘanЧ otiginatyЧtelation,Ч¨withoutЧinttojec-
tion, ¨Ч toЧhisЧownЧptopetЧbody,ЧwhichЧisЧtheЧtelationЧlЧhaveЧwithЧmyЧbodyЧ
butЧwillЧnevetЧhaveЧwithЧhis.Ч1heteЧweЧcanЧhndЧtheЧapptesentativeЧanalogyЧ
betweenЧtwoЧhs·ss.ΘHussetlЧhadЧcontinuallyЧinsisted-beЧitЧonlyЧinЧtheЧtwoЧ
ptecedingЧpages-onЧinditectЧapptesentationЧ andЧ evenЧ onЧ theЧ lactЧthatЧ
theЧothet'sЧhand,ЧsuchЧasЧlЧseeЧitЧwhileЧitЧisЧtouching,Ч¨apptesentsЧtoЧmeЧhisЧ
solipsisticЧviewЧolЧthisЧhand. ¨Ч ,LetЧusЧbeЧquiteЧcleatЧthatЧwithoutЧthisЧ un-
btidgeableЧabyss,ЧtheteЧwouldЧbeЧnoЧhandshake,ЧnotЧblowЧotЧcatess,Чnot,ЧinЧ
genetal,ЧanyЧexpetienceЧolЧtheЧothet'sЧbodyЧasЧsuch. )Ч
lЧthusЧcallЧtheЧconsequencesЧolЧthisЧactiveЧ¨intetptetation¨ЧonЧtheЧpattЧolЧ
MetleauŌlonty,Ч andЧ theЧ libettiesЧ heЧ takesЧ withЧ tegatdЧ toЧwhatЧ HussetlЧ
seemsЧ toЧholdЧ toЧmostЧkeenly,Ч ¨patadoxicalЧandЧtypical . ¨ Ч1heyЧateЧtypicalЧ
becauseЧ theyЧhaveЧoltenЧgivenЧ tiseЧ toЧsimilatЧgestutes,Ч inЧltanceЧ notably,Ч
andЧtheyЧateЧpatadoxical.Ч atЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧ itЧisЧaЧmattetЧ olЧotientingЧ
HussetlЧandЧmakingЧhimЧtakeЧtheЧothetЧintoЧaccountЧinЧaЧmoteЧaudaciousЧ
wayЧ,theЧothetЧwhoЧ isЧotiginatilyЧinЧme,ЧotЧlotЧme,ЧandЧsoЧlotth)-atЧtheЧ
expenseЧ olЧaЧ HussetlЧ whoЧ isЧ moteЧ classical,Ч moteЧ ego-centeted,Ч andЧ soЧ
lotth-theteЧisЧaЧtiskЧolЧtheЧexactЧoppositeЧtesulting.ЧOneЧtunsЧtheЧtiskЧolЧ
teconstitutingЧanЧintuitionismЧolЧimmediateЧaccessЧtoЧ theЧothet,ЧasЧ otigiɇ
natyЧasЧmyЧaccessЧtoЧmyЧownЧmostЧptopetlyЧptopet-andЧinЧoneЧblow,Ч do-
ingЧwithoutЧapptesentation,Чinditection,ЧEinĨh/ang,Θ oneЧalsoЧtunsЧtheЧtiskЧ
olЧ·sa¸¸·s¸·ia/ingΘtheЧaltetityЧolЧtheЧothetЧmoteЧsutely,Ч moteЧblindly,Ч otЧ
evenЧmoteЧviolentlyЧthanЧevet.Ч lnЧthisЧtespectЧHussetlƉsЧcautiousЧapptoachЧ
willЧalwaysЧtemainЧ/Ə·sΘasΘasЧaЧmodelЧolЧvigilance.ЧltЧisЧnecessatyЧtoЧwatchЧ
ovetЧtheЧothet'sЧaltetity.Ч itЧwillЧalwaysЧtemainЧinaccessibleЧtoЧanЧotiginallyЧ
ptesentiveЧintuition,ЧanЧimmediateЧandЧditectЧptesentationЧolЧtheЧhs·sŪΘ ltЧ
isЧnecessatyЧtoЧwatchЧovetЧthis,ЧevenЧil,ЧlotЧaЧphenomenologyЧthatЧisЧlaithɇ
lulЧ toЧ itsЧ intuitionisticЧ ¨ptincipleЧ olЧptinciples, ¨Ч itЧisЧ dilhcultЧtoЧ assimi-
late-theЧvetyЧptincipleЧthatЧgovetnsЧhaptocentetednessЧinЧIdsasΘıɟЧ lЧ doЧ
knowЧotЧleelЧ thatЧtheteЧisЧans/hs·Θhete,Ч andЧsinceЧ thisЧisЧoutЧtheme,Ч theЧ
othetЧheteЧolЧaЧtouching-touchedЧ,whichЧisЧtoЧsayЧothetsЧwhoЧthemselvesЧ
ateЧalsoЧputЧatЧaЧdistanceЧltomЧthemselves,Ч upЧtoЧandЧincludingЧinЧtheЧpte-
sentationЧolЧtheitЧptesent,Ч byЧtheЧ timingЧolЧtheitЧexpetienceЧandЧtheЧsim-

Exsm¸/a·,ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ĀF/sshɇΘ
pǼeЧ gap,Ч theЧ syncopatedЧ noncoincidenceЧ inЧ theitЧsell-telation) ,Ч butЧ thisЧ
othetЧ ¨hete¨Ч ptesentsЧ itsellЧasЧ thatЧwhichЧwillЧ nevetЧbeЧ mine.Ч thisЧ non-
minečnessЧisЧpattЧolЧ theЧsenseЧolЧthisЧptesentation,Чwhich,ЧlikeЧmyЧown,Чit-
sellЧsulletsЧalteadyЧltomЧtheЧ¨same¨Чexptoptiation. ЧNoЧsubstitutionЧisЧpos-
sibleĥЧ andЧ theЧ moteЧ sutptisingЧ logicЧ olЧtheЧ substitution, Ч whetevetЧ itЧ isЧ
necessatilyЧatЧwotk,ЧptesupposesЧtheЧsubstitutionЧolЧnonsubstitutables,ЧolЧ
uniqueЧandЧothetЧones,ЧolЧuniquelyЧothets.Ч ŀsingΘsinga/a·Θ¸/a·a/,Θ NancyЧ
mightЧsayЧatЧthisЧpoint.Ч
llЧlЧ haveЧ oltenЧ spokenЧolЧpte-otiginatyЧmoutningЧonЧthisЧsubject,Ч andЧ
tiedЧthisЧmotilЧtoЧthatЧolЧexapptoptiation,ЧitЧhasЧbeenЧinЧotdetЧtoЧmatkЧthatЧ
intetiotization,ЧinЧthisЧmoutningЧbeloteЧdeath,ЧandЧevenЧinttojection,ЧwhichЧ
weЧoltenЧtakeЧlotЧgtantedЧinЧnotmalЧmoutning,ЧcannotЧandЧmustЧnotЧ beЧ
achieved.Ч MoutningЧasЧ im-possibleЧmoutning-andЧmoteovet,Ч ahuman,Ч
moteЧthanЧhuman,Чptehuman,ЧdilletentЧltomЧtheЧhumanЧ¨in¨ЧtheЧhumanЧ
olЧhumanualism.ЧWell,ЧdespiteЧallЧtheЧdilletencesЧsepatatingЧtheЧdiscutsiveЧ
wayЧ inЧ whichЧ lЧ amЧ holdingЧ lotthЧ atЧ thisЧ momentЧ ltomЧ aЧ discoutseЧ inЧ
Hussetl'sЧ style,Ч andЧptobablyЧasЧ wellЧltomЧtheЧgteatЧmassilsЧolЧphenome-
nology,Ч lЧ doЧhndЧthisЧwayЧtoЧhaveЧmoteЧalhnitiesЧwithЧtheЧdiscoutseЧthatЧ
HussetlЧobstinatelyЧupholdsЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧapptesentationЧ ,whichЧlЧ amЧ
temptedЧtoЧ extendЧandЧtadicalize,Ч whileЧ payingЧtheЧpticeЧ olЧtheЧnecessatyЧ
displacements-butЧ thisЧ isЧ notЧ theЧplaceЧtoЧ insistЧ onЧ this)Ч thanЧwithЧ theЧ
oneЧolЧaЧcs·/ainΘMetleaučlonty,Ч thatЧis,Ч theЧone,Ч atЧleast,ЧwhoseЧŒ¸ica/Θges-
tuteЧweЧateЧlollowingЧhete-typicalЧbecauseЧheЧtepeatsЧitЧolten,ЧasЧdoЧoth-
ets,ЧevenЧilЧ,henceЧmyЧtespectlulЧcaution)ЧtheЧgestuteЧisЧlatЧltomЧexhaustingЧ
otЧevenЧ dominatingЧhisЧ thinkingЧthtoughout.ЧHisЧthinkingЧalso, Чsimulta-
neously,Ч exposesЧitsellЧtoЧanЧantagonisticЧnecessity,Ч toЧtheЧothetЧlaw-we'llЧ
comeЧtoЧthis.ЧHussetl,ЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧinЧtheЧnameЧolЧphenomenology,Ч
andЧphenomenologicalЧlaithlulness,ЧpteletsЧtoЧ bettayЧphenomenologyЧ,theЧ
intuitionismЧolЧhisЧptincipleЧolЧptinciples)Ч tathetЧthanЧttanslotmЧinditectЧ
apptesentationЧ intoЧ ditectЧ ptesentation,Ч whichЧ itЧ mayЧ nevetЧ be-whichЧ
wouldЧ teapptoptiateЧtheЧ altetityЧolЧtheЧ altetЧegoЧwithinЧ ¨myЧEgo's¨Ч ownЧ
ptopetness.ЧHussetlЧobstinatelyЧpetsistsЧinЧthis,ЧatЧtheЧtiskЧolЧtunningЧintoЧ
allЧtheЧwell-knownЧdilhcultiesЧ ,uponЧwhichЧweЧ haveЧ locusedЧelsewhete) ,Ч
notablyЧtheteЧwheteЧtheЧptincipleЧolЧptinciples,ЧtheЧptincipleЧolЧintuition,Ч
hndsЧitsellЧthteatened-asЧitЧhappensЧtoЧbe,ЧonceЧagain,ЧbyЧtheЧexpetienceЧ
olЧtempotalizationЧthatЧisЧindissociableЧltomЧthis.Ч OlЧcoutse,ЧevenЧilЧtheteЧ
ateЧstillЧsoЧmanyЧuneasyЧquestionsЧtoЧaskЧaboutЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧtheЧaltetЧ
ego,ЧlЧwasЧeatlietЧtemptedЧtoЧextendЧtathetЧthanЧteduceЧtheЧheldЧolЧappteč

Ingsn/ΘIIIΘ Ÿ )) Θ
sentationЧandЧt oЧtecognizeЧitsЧitteducibleЧgapЧ evenЧi nЧtheЧ saidЧtouchingɇ
touchedЧ olЧmyЧ¨ownЧptopet¨Чhand,ЧmyЧownЧ bodyЧpĒopetЧasЧaЧhumanЧ ego,Ч
andЧsoЧlotth.ЧAndЧthisЧwouldЧsttictlyЧbeЧneithetЧHussetlianЧnotЧMetleauȒ
lontyian.ЧEvenЧbetweenЧmeЧandЧme,ЧilЧlЧ mayЧputЧitЧthisЧway,Ч betweenЧmyЧ
bodyЧandЧmyЧbody,ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧsuchЧ¨otiginal¨Чconteŵpotaneity,ЧthisЧ¨con-
Đsion¨ЧbetweenЧtheЧothet'sЧbodyЧandЧmine,ЧthatЧMeʝχeau-lontyЧbelievesЧheЧ
canЧtecognizeЧthete,ЧwhileЧptetendingЧheЧisЧlollowingЧHussetl-lotЧexam-
ple,ЧwhenЧheЧlollowsЧtheЧthteadЧolЧtheЧsameЧanalysisЧandЧwtites.Ч ¨1heЧcon-
stitutionЧolЧothetsЧdoesЧnotЧcomeЧaŒetЧthatЧolЧtheЧbodyЧ¸withЧwhichЧHus-
setlЧcouldЧagtee,ЧbutЧwithoutЧinlettingЧwhatЧlollows.-Ű.Ч D. Ž ,Ч othetsЧandЧ
myЧbodyЧateЧ/s·nΘ/sgs/hs·Θ ĩsmΘ/hsΘs·i̡na/Θscs/˯,.Θ1heЧcotpotealityЧtoЧwhichЧ
theЧ¸·ims·dia/Θ/hingΘbelongsЧisЧ moteЧ cs·¸s·sa/i/,ΘinΘgsns·a/ĈΘ asЧ theЧchild'sЧ
egocentticity,Ч theЧ solipsistЧlayetɐЧ isЧbothЧ ttansitivityЧandЧcsn¸asisnΘolЧsellЧ
andЧothet¨Ч ,MetleauĪlonty,Ч Siŋs,Θ p. ЧJ,q, myЧemphasis-ā.ЧD. Ƌ . Ч
1hisЧ¨conlusion¨ЧwouldЧbeЧasЧ otiginatyЧasЧ theЧ¨ptimotdialЧthing¨Ч andЧ
wouldЧmakeЧpossibleЧtheЧsubstitutionsЧ,thatЧweЧhaveЧnotedЧateЧimpossible)Ч
beɅeenЧ theЧ othetЧandЧ me,Ч betweenЧoutЧtwoЧbodies,Ч inЧwhatЧMetleau-
lontyЧunhesitatinglyЧtetmsЧ¨theЧabsoluteЧptesenceЧolЧotigins. ¨ ЧlnЧanothetЧ
example,ЧheЧwtites.Ч
TheϞteasouϞwhyϞlϞamϞableϞtoϞuudetstaudϞtheϞothetϞpetsou'sϞbodyϞaudϞexisteuceϞ
¨begiuuiugϞwith¨Ϟ theϞ bodyϞptopet,Ϟ theϞ teasouϞwhyϞtheϞ comϞpteseuceϞolϞmyϞ
¨cousciousuess¨ϞaudϞmyϞ¨body¨ϞisϞptolougedϞiutoϞtheϞcompteseuceϞolϞmyϞsellϞ
audϞtheϞothetϞpetsou,ϞisϞthatϞtheϞ¨lϞamϞableϞto¨ϞaudϞtheϞ¨theϞothetϞpetsouϞex-
istsŪϞ belougϞheteϞ audϞ uowϞtoϞtheϞsameϞ wotld,Ϟ thatϞtheϞbodyϞptopetϞisϞaϞpte-
mouitiouϞolϞtheϞothetϞpetsou,ϞtheϞEin¸őh/ang˰auϞechoϞolϞmyϞiucatuatiou,ϞaudϞ
thatϞaϞŤashϞolϞmeauiugϞmakesϞthemϞsubstitutableϞiuϞtheϞabsoluteϞpteseuceϞolϞ
otigius.Ϟ,Metleau-louɵy,Ϟ Sigs,˰ p. Ϟi;,)Ϟ
AndЧso,ЧmustЧweЧnotЧthink,ЧandЧthinkЧothetwiseЧ,withoutЧobjectingЧtoЧ
itЧltontallyЧandЧ integtally) ,Ч thatЧtheЧsaidЧ¨sameЧwotƚd¨Ч ,ilЧtheteЧisЧsomeЧ
suchЧwotld,ЧandЧilЧitЧisЧindeedЧnecessatyЧtoЧaccountЧlotЧit,ЧandЧaccountЧ΃otЧ
itsЧ ¨ellect, ¨Ч asЧ ¨senseЧ olЧtheЧwotld¨)Ч isЧ notЧ andЧ willЧ nevetЧ beЧ theЧ ¨sameЧ
wotld¨̩Ч1heЧlactЧthatЧthisЧptopositionЧisЧintelligibleЧandЧevenЧconvincingЧ
lotЧ¨evetyЧman, ¨ЧthtoughoutЧmoteЧthanЧoneЧpossibleЧwotld,ЧdoesЧnotЧcon-
ttadictЧitsЧcontent.ЧWhenЧ lЧ takeЧintoЧ accountЧ aЧwholeЧhistoty,Ч ltomЧho-
minizationЧtoЧsocializationЧconnectedЧtoЧvetbalЧlanguageЧandЧitsЧptagmaticЧ
conditions,ЧandЧsoЧlotth,ЧlЧ canЧconveyЧtoЧ¨evetyЧman's¨Ч eatЧthatЧtheЧwotldЧ
olЧeachЧpetsonЧisЧ unttanslatableЧandЧ thatЧ hnallyЧ theteЧwillЧ nevetЧ beЧanyЧ
ů ,|Ч Exsm¸/ar¸ΘS/srissΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh'Θ
¨sameЧ wotld. ʱЧ TheseЧ twoЧ possibilitiesЧ ateЧ notЧ incompatibleĥЧ theyЧ evenЧ
condition,ЧandЧcallЧlot,Ч oneЧ anothet,Ч asЧpatadoxicalЧasЧ thisЧmayЧsound.Ч
DigtessionЧotЧanticipation.ЧtheЧchosenЧexptessionЧ,¨senseЧolЧtheЧwotld¨)Ч
alsoЧmakesЧaЧsign,ЧolЧcoutse,ЧinЧtheЧditectionЧolЧNancy'sЧbookЧIhsΘSsnssΘs¸Θ
/hsΘĤr/d.Θ WeЧ shallЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧit,ЧnotablyЧtoЧitsЧchaptetЧonЧ¨Touching¨Ч
,wtitten-andЧthetelote,Ч unlottunately,Ч teadЧbyЧme-altetЧtheЧ comple-
tionЧolЧtheЧhtstЧvetsȿonЧolЧthȿsЧbook) .ЧAtЧthisЧpoint,ЧletЧusЧsimplyЧnoteЧthatЧ
altetЧ¨Touching,¨ЧNancy,Ч lotЧhisЧpatt,ЧinЧtheЧchaptetЧonЧ¨lainting,¨ЧinsistsЧ
onЧtheЧ limitsЧolЧvision,Ч aЧ /imi/Θ/ha/Θi/Θ/sachss,Θ touchingЧitsellЧ¨intact, ¨Ч aЧ
limitЧ ¨alwaysЧ attainedЧ andЧ alwaysЧ withdtawn. ¨ǏЧ AndЧ theЧ ¨logic¨Ч olЧallЧ
theseЧoppositions,Чhietatchies,ЧandЧotdetingsЧ _srdsnnancsmsn/s}Θ ,betweenЧ
visionЧandЧtouch,Ч theЧtouchableЧandЧtheЧuntouchable,Ч andЧsoЧlotth)ЧhȉndsЧ
itsellЧtouted,Чdisplaced,Чupset,Ч¨touched¨ЧandЧtampetedЧwithЧ _ ¨/sachés'ˉ Ŕ
notЧthtoughЧanyЧconlusȿon,ЧbutЧonЧtheЧconttatyЧbyЧteasonЧolЧtheЧplutalЧ
singulatitiesЧthatЧonceЧ moteЧinspiteЧoneЧolЧNancy'sЧ numetousЧandЧtegulatЧ
statementsЧtoЧtheЧellectЧthatЧ¨theteЧisЧnoЧƈthe'Ч . . . Ч¨,Ч heteЧ¨theteЧisЧnoЧˉŭtt'Ч
inЧgenetal . ¨̿ ͎ ЧHeЧhasЧj ustЧsaid,Ч onceЧagain,ЧwhatЧtouchesЧ theЧlimit,Чteach-
ingЧbutЧalsoЧdisplacingЧit,ЧandЧsettingЧitЧinЧmotion. Ч
SoϞthatϞvisionϞ shouldϞtouchϞtheϞlimit,Ϟ thatϞ itϞshouldϞtouchϞitsϞlimit,Ϟ thatϞ itϞ
shouldϞtouchϞitsellϞintact.ϞlaintingϞisϞalwaysϞonϞtheϞthteshold.ϞltϞmakesϞupϞtheϞ
thtesholdϞ betweenϞ intactnessϞ andϞ touchingȠbetweenϞ theϞ intactnessϞ andϞ
touchingϞ ĿͥϞ lightϞandϞshadowϞ . . . . Ϟ AccessϞisϞnoϞlongetϞolϞtheϞotdetϞolϞvision,Ϟ
butϞolϞtouchϞ. . . . Ϟ
.Ϟ .Ϟ .Ϟ theteϞisϞnoϞůƬ̤tưƊϞinϞgenetalĨϞeachϞoΜeϞindicatesϞtheϞthtesholdϞbyϞbeingϞit-
sellϞalsoϞtheϞthtesholdϞolϞanothetϞatt.ϞLachϞoneϞtouchesϞtheϞothetϞwithoutϞpass-
ingϞintoϞit,Ϟ andϞtheteϞisϞptopetlyϞspeakingϞnoϞattϞolϞtouchingϞ ,notϞevenϞaϞ¨miĤ
not¨Ϟ attϞsuchϞasϞthoseϞlotϞtasteϞandϞsmelĀ) ,ϞlotϞtouchingϞisϞsenseϞasϞ thteshold,Ϟ
theϞ sensing/sensedϞ appottioningϞ olϞtheϞ aestheticϞ entelechy.Ϟ TouchingϞ isϞ theϞ
light/datknessϞolϞallϞtheϞsenses,ϞandϞolϞsense,Ϟabsolutely.Ϟ lnϞtouching,ϞinϞallϞtheϞ
touchesϞolϞtouchingϞthatϞdoϞ notϞtouchϞeachϞ othetĴtouchesϞ olϞcolot,Ϟ ttaced,Ϟ
melodic,Ϟ hatmonic,Ϟ gestutal,Ϟ thythmic,Ϟ spatial,Ϟ signihġcativeϞ touches,Ϟ andϞsoϞ
onĴtheϞtwoϞsidesϞolϞtheϞoneϞsenseϞdoϞnotϞceaseϞtoϞcomeϞeachϞtowatdϞtheϞothet,Ϟ
accedingϞwithoutϞaccess,ϞtouchingϞonϞtheϞuntouchab|e,Ϟintact,Ϟ spacingϞolϞsense.Ϟ
8atelyϞtoϞtouch.ϞtoϞskimϞtheϞsutlace.ϞSenseϞlevelsϞoĽϞ . . . . Ϟ TheteϞisϞsenseϞonlyϞ
onϞtheϞ,howeting)ϞsutlaceϞolϞsenseϞ_i/n¡adesensqaà¸eardesens] .NevetϞanyϞ
ltuitϞtoϞbeϞhatvested-butϞtheϞ¸aintingolϞltuitsϞasϞtheitϞcomingϞceaselesslyϞteƆ
sumed,ϞceaselesslyϞte-btoughtϞintoϞtheϞwotld,Ϟsupeth cially,ϞasϞonϞtheϞtosyϞsut-
laceϞolϞtheϞskinϞ _ à¸earde¸eaa] .
I ¡

Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ i ,;Ч
WhenЧNancyЧspeaksЧolЧĸpainting¨Чhete,Ч paintingЧitselΊЧ olЧcoutse,ЧbutЧolЧ
whatЧinЧitЧ¨touches¨ЧtheЧothetЧatts,ЧwhenЧheЧspeaksЧ oąЧltuitЧthatЧisЧ notЧąotЧ
picking,ЧwhichЧweЧcanЧbatelyЧtouch,ЧatЧleastЧthteeЧdisctiminatingЧttaitsЧateЧ
noticeable.Ч
i.Ч HeЧtakesЧintoЧaccountЧtheЧthtesholdЧolЧallЧtheЧh gutalitiesЧandЧtheЧhgĜ
utalityЧolЧtheЧthteshold,ЧasЧtheЧthtesholdЧolЧtouch.Ч
2. Őndeed,Ч heЧdesignatesЧtheЧwotld,Ч theЧbtingingЧąotthЧintoЧ theЧwotldЧ
_missΘaaΘmsnds}Θ andЧbitth,ЧasЧaЧ¨te-btinging¨Ч_·s-miss}Θ intoЧtheЧwotld,ЧandЧ
theЧ ,senseЧolЧthe)Ч wotldЧasЧ atЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧaЧplaceЧolЧbitthЧandЧoąЧaЧgiltЧ
thusЧtepeated,ЧgivenЧotЧ¨tendeted¨ЧbyЧatt-butЧŐЧdonƉtЧbelieveЧthatЧNancyЧ
wouldЧevetЧsay,ЧlikeЧMetleauōlonty,Ч thatЧ¨othetsЧandЧŵyЧbodyЧateЧbotnЧtoĜ
gethetЧltomЧtheЧotiginalЧecstasy. ¨Ч
). AboveЧall,ЧNancyЧsaysЧ¨theЧsensingĘsensedЧa¸¸s·/isning¨Θ _¸a·/ags} ,ΘandЧ
notЧtheЧsensedōsensingЧotЧtouched-touchingЧconlusionЧotЧteûection. ЧAĕ alĜ
waysЧwithЧNancy,Ч¸a·/ags-appottioning,ЧshatingЧout,Чpatting,ЧpattakingЧ
-signihɀ esЧpatticipationЧasЧ muchЧasЧ itteducibleЧpattition,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧ
theЧ¨spacingЧolЧsense. ¨ЧSyncopeЧisЧthisЧpattingЧandЧshatingЧoutЧolЧspacing.Ч
theЧsyncopeЧsepatatesЧandЧintettuptsЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧcontact.ЧŐtЧbteathesЧotЧ
matksЧtheЧbteathing,ЧandЧgivesЧitЧaЧthteatenedЧchance,ЧitsЧthteateningЧposĜ
sibility,Ч toЧ theЧ saŵeЧ beat-theЧothetɑsЧbeat,Ч theЧothet'sЧheattbeat.Ч ŐtЧ isЧ aЧ
shatingЧoutЧwithoutЧąusion,ЧaЧcommunityЧwithoutЧcoŵmunity,ЧaЧlanguageЧ
withoutЧcommunication,ЧaЧbeing-withЧwithoutЧconlusionƢ Ч
WeЧ shallЧstickЧasЧcloseЧasЧpossibleЧtoЧoutЧthemeЧandЧlocusЧonЧmatkingЧ
thatЧthisЧ¨conlusion, ¨ЧMetleauōlontyťsЧconlusion,ЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧconlusionЧ
oąЧwhichЧheЧspeaksЧ ,¨conlusionЧoąЧsellЧandЧothet¨) , ЧamongЧothetЧconnecĜ
tions,Ч cannotЧbeЧsepatatedЧltomЧwhatЧmakesЧhimЧputposelyЧconluseЧtheЧ
sensesЧolЧseeingЧandЧtouchingЧandЧputЧthemЧonЧtheЧsameЧplaneЧandЧalloķ
cateЧthemЧtheЧsameЧ¨catnal¨Ч¨teû exivity¨Ч -pteciselyЧtheteЧwheteЧHussetlЧ
wasЧsetЧonЧdissociatingЧthemЧtadicallyƢЧ1heteЧateЧaЧthousandЧpossibleЧillusķ
ttationsЧolЧthisƢ ЧHeteЧisЧhtstЧolЧallЧhisЧpassingЧtoЧsight,ЧaЧpassageЧthatЧimķ
mediatelyЧlollowsЧtheЧallusionЧtoЧtouchЧi nЧIdsasΘI˂Θ togethetЧwithЧtheЧhutķ
tiedЧ otЧ imptovisedЧ intetptetationЧ olЧtheЧ wotdsЧ ¨withoutЧ inttojection. ¨Ч
OneЧcanЧdistinguishЧtwoЧ beatsЧandЧaЧshiltingЧbetweenЧ theЧtwo,Ч theЧh tstЧ
beatЧisЧessentiallyЧlaithlulЧtoЧtheЧHussetlЧolЧapptesentationЧandЧEinĨh/ang,Θ
but,ЧlotЧgoodЧteasons,Ч thisЧdoesЧnotЧyetЧdealЧwithЧtheЧseeing,ЧtheЧsightЧotЧ
theЧvisibilityЧolЧothets,ЧsensuЧstticto.Ч
Fi·s/Θ/sa/,Θ theteloteƢЧAtЧthisЧtiŵeЧMetleauōlontyЧisЧintentЧonЧtespondō
· |
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ƸĔ/sshɔ'Θ
ingЧtoЧ anЧ¨objection, ¨ЧsayingЧthatЧheЧdoesЧsoЧinЧHussetl'sЧ name,Ч inЧaЧlan-
guage,Ч lЧ believe,Ч thatЧcouldЧnevetЧhaveЧbeenЧHussetl's,ЧlotЧtheЧteasonsЧal-
teadyЧmentioned-inЧanyЧcase,ЧwhenЧ Metleau-lontyЧinvokesЧaЧ¨singulatЧ
eloquenceЧ olЧtheЧvisibleЧbody.¨Ч ltЧisЧinЧanyЧcaseЧaЧquestionЧolЧtelutingЧaЧ
possibleЧ¨obρection, ¨ЧwhichĤЧ
wouldϞiguoteϞtheϞvetyϞthiugϞthatϞHussetlϞwautedϞtoϞsay,ϞthatϞis,Ϟthatthereisno
constitatingo¸amind ¸ramind /ato¸aman¸raman. 8yϞtheϞellectϞolϞaϞsiu-
gulatϞ eloqueuceϞ olϞtheϞ visibleϞ bodyċϞ Ein¸üh/anggoesϞ ltomϞ bodyϞ toϞ miud. Ϟ
WbeuϞaϞdilleteutϞbehaviotϞotϞexplotiugϞbodyϞappeatsϞ toϞ meϞthtoughϞaϞhtstϞ
¨iuteutioualϞeuctoachmeut¨Ϟ ¸intentiona/e|/erschreitangen,aϞtetmϞusedϞiuϞHus-
setl'sϞCartesian/editations] , itϞisϞtheϞmauϞasϞaϞwholeϞwhoϞisϞgiveuϞtoϞmeϞwithϞ
allϞtheϞpossibilitiesϞ ,whatevetϞtheyϞmayϞbe)ϞthatϞlϞhaveϞiuϞmyϞpteseuceϞtoϞmy-
sellϞiuϞ myϞiucatuateϞbeiug,ϞtheϞuuimpeachableϞattestatiou.ϞlϞ shallϞ uevetϞ iuϞ allϞ
sttictuessϞbeϞableϞtoϞthiukϞtheϞothetϞpetsou'sϞthought.ϞlϞcauϞthiukϞthatheϞthiuks,Ϟ
lϞ cauϞ cousttuct,Ϟ behiudϞ thisϞmauuequiuċ ϞaϞ pteseuceϞ toϞ sellϞmodeledϞ ouϞ myϞ
owu,ϞbutϞitϞ|sϞstillϞmyϞsellϞthatϞlϞputϞiuϞit,ϞaudϞitϞisϞtheuϞthatϞtheteϞteallyϞisϞ¨iu-
ttoj ectiou. ¨Ϟ,Metleau-loutyĜϞ Signs, p. Ϟi6,)Ϟ
lndeed,ЧtheteЧisЧnothingЧvetyЧHussetlianЧupЧtoЧnow,ЧexceptЧpteciselyЧlotЧ
thisЧ¨singulatЧ͹loquenceЧolЧtheЧvisibleЧbodyǨ ¨ЧalteadyЧannouncingЧtheЧshiġ,Ч
whichЧappeatsЧasЧeatlyЧasЧinЧtheЧsentenceЧthatЧlollows.Ч
SscsndΘ/sa/.Θ1hisЧisЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧaЧlongЧdevelopment.ЧitЧisЧnotЧonlyЧ
goingЧ toЧ conttadictЧ theЧ HussetlianЧ ptivilegeЧ olЧtouch,Ч andЧ theЧ ensuingЧ
logic,ЧbutЧ alsoЧbteakЧapattЧanyЧsymmettyЧtoЧtheЧbeneh tЧolЧsight.ЧNothingЧ
olЧwhatЧ lollowsЧ canЧ beЧsustained,Ч itЧseemsЧ toЧ me-lЧ meanЧ patticulatlyЧ
ltomЧ theЧ HussetlianЧ viewpointЧ ltomЧwhichЧ Metleau-lontyЧptetendsЧ toЧ
seekЧhisЧinspitation.Ч
OuϞtheϞothetϞhaudċϞlϞkuowϞuuquestiouablyϞthatϞthatϞmauϞovetϞtheteϞsees,thatϞ
myϞseusibleϞwotldϞisϞalsoϞhis,ϞbecauseϞIam¸resentathisseeing, itϞis eisi//e_se
eoit] iuϞ hisϞ eyes'Ϟ gtaspϞ olϞtheϞsceue.ϞAudϞ wheuϞ lϞ sayϞlϞ seeϞ thatheϞseesċϞ theteϞ isϞ
uoϞlougetϞheteϞ,asϞtheteϞisϞiuϞ¨l ϞthiukϞthatϞheϞthiuks¨)ϞtheϞiutetlockiugϞolϞtwoϞ
ptopositiousϞbutϞtheϞmutualϞuulocusiugϞolϞaϞ¨maiu¨ϞaudϞaϞ¨subotdiuate¨Ϟview-
iug.Ϟ ,ibid.)Ϟ
llЧoneЧsupposesЧ thatЧallЧ theЧ wotdsЧ heЧhasЧ chosenЧ , patticulatlyЧ hisЧ ¨lЧ
know¨ЧandЧ¨lЧthinkǨ¨ЧnotЧtoЧmentionЧhisЧssΘ·si/ΘȰ¨isЧvisible,¨Ч¨seesЧitsell¨Ă Ƌ Ч
ateЧ onlyЧambiguousЧwithЧ tegatdЧtoЧaЧHussetlianЧphenomenologyЧimpЧle-
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ i ,

menЧtedЧ hete,Ч itЧ seemsЧ impossible-bothЧ inЧ genetalЧ andЧ ltomЧ Hussetl'sЧ
viewpoint-toЧupholdЧtheЧconclusionЧtoЧwhichЧtheseЧptemisesЧh tmlyЧlead,Ч
thatЧis,ЧtheЧ¨as¨ЧwhichЧmakesЧsymmettical,Чcompates,ЧandЧanalogizesЧseeingЧ
andΘtouching-notably,Ч onЧtheЧoneЧhand,Ч seeing-a-man-seeing,Ч and,Θ onЧ
theЧothet,Чtouching-my-̀elt-hand-touching-my-tight-hand.ЧWeЧ mayЧwon-
detЧinЧlactЧwhatЧ,identical,Чneighboting,ЧandЧdihetent)ЧmeaningsЧMetleau-
lontyЧheteЧgivesЧtoЧtheЧwotdsЧ¨petception¨ЧandЧ¨esthesiological¨ЧwhenЧheЧ
explainsЧhowЧaЧ¨tiddleЧolЧEin¸ōh/ang¨ΘwhichЧwouldЧonlyЧbeЧ¨initial, ¨ЧandЧ
¨esthesiological, ¨ЧwouldЧthenЧbeЧ¨solved¨Ч¨becauseЧitЧisЧaЧpetception. ¨Ч,ThisЧ
alteadyЧtousesЧ outЧuneasiness.ЧwhoЧ couldЧ ptetendЧ thatЧtheЧtiddleЧolЧEin-
¸ōh/angΘtemainsЧ ¨initial¨Ч only,Ч andЧ isЧ ¨solved¨Ч withoutЧsomeЧmysti¦ingЧ
sleight-ol-hand:ЧHussetlЧhimsellЧhasЧdoubtlessЧnevetЧbeenЧableЧotЧwillingЧtoЧ
¨solve¨Ч thisЧ ¨tiddle, ¨Ч andЧthisЧwillЧkeepЧtotmentingЧphenomenology.)Ч Őn-
deed,ЧMetleau-lontyЧwtites.Ч
TheϞwholeϞtiddleϞolϞEin¸h/angliesϞiuϞitsϞiuitial,Ϟ¨esthesiological¨Ϟphase,ϞaudϞitϞ
isϞsolvedϞtheteϞbecauseϞitϞisϞaϞpetceptiou.Ϟ HeϞwhoϞ¨posits¨ϞtheϞothetϞmauϞisϞaϞ
petceiviugϞsubject,ϞtheϞothetϞpetsou'sϞbodyϞisϞaϞpetceivedϞthiugŅϞaudϞtheϞothetϞ
petsouϞhimsellϞisϞ¨posited¨ϞasϞ¨petceiviug. ¨ϞltϞisϞuevetϞaϞmattetϞolϞauythiugϞbutϞ
co-petceptiou.ϞlϞseeϞthatϞthisϞmauϞovetϞtheteϞsees,ϞaslϞtouchϞmyϞlenϞhaudϞwhileϞ
itϞisϞtouchiugϞmyϞtight.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟp. ϞI}O, lϞhaveϞemphasizedϞ¨as¨-|.ϞD. ) Ϟ
8yЧwayЧolЧaЧptoblematicЧ¨as, ¨ЧtheЧlogicЧolЧthisЧatgumentationЧhasЧquicklyЧ
becomeЧindispensableЧlotЧanЧ¨ontologyЧolЧtheЧsensible¨ЧandЧolЧ¨incatnation¨Ч
,¨myЧown, ¨ЧasЧ wellЧ asЧ theЧ incatnationЧ olЧtheЧûeshЧ olЧtheЧwotld) , ̐ ' ЧasЧ theЧ
continuationЧolЧthisЧtextЧandЧsoЧmanyЧothetsЧindƾcate,ЧandЧthisЧseemsЧdou-
blyЧunlaithlulЧtoЧ Hussetl.Ч1hisЧinЧitsellЧcettainlyЧdoesЧnotЧconstituteЧanЧol-
lense,ЧandЧtheЧleastЧweЧcanЧsayЧisЧthatЧweЧateЧnotЧheteЧtoЧ assettЧtheЧtightsЧolЧ
someЧkƾndЧolЧHussetlianЧotthodoxy.Ч Moteovet,Ч inЧthisЧinstance,ЧsuchЧaЧte-
mindetЧolЧHussetl'sЧintentionsЧisЧnotЧsoЧshocking,ЧsinceЧMetleau-lontyЧpte-
tends-inЧthisЧpassageЧespecially-thatЧheЧisЧ answetingЧanЧobjectionЧthatЧ
ignotesЧ¨theЧvetyЧthingЧthatЧHussetlЧwantedЧtoЧsay. ¨Ч/ĕheЧthenЧspeaksЧinЧtheЧ
nameЧolЧ¨theЧvetyЧthingЧthatЧHussetlЧwantedЧtoЧsay, ¨ЧweЧmayЧbyЧaʔlЧmeansЧ
haveЧsomeЧquestionsЧonЧthisЧsubjectЧhete.Ч8utЧbeyondЧthisЧptoblemЧolЧtead-
ingЧHussetŶ
ƳЧ
theЧimpottantЧthingЧlotЧusЧheteЧisЧtoЧlotmalizeЧtheЧlogicЧthatƱ
¸ͧsmΘ/hsΘ¸sin/Θs¸Θ·isaΘs¸Θ/sach,ΘasЧitЧwete,ЧandЧsinceЧthisЧisЧoutЧconcetnЧheteЧ
-compelsЧtheЧmostЧotiginalЧmovementЧinЧMetleau-lonty'sЧthinking,ЧwhichЧ
stattingЧinЧPhsnsmsns/sgΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isnΘgoesЧonЧtoЧSiŋsΘandЧIhsΘlisi//sΘandΘ
/hsΘIn·isi//s.ΘTheЧdoubleЧunlaithlulnessЧtoЧwhatЧHussetlЧwantedЧ toЧsayЧinЧ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh"Θ
theЧ nameЧ olЧwhatЧ ¨HussetlЧwantedЧtoЧsay¨Ч hasЧtoЧdoЧwithЧthisЧputpottedЧ
¨coōpetception. ¨Ч1husЧintetpteted,Ч itЧteduces,ЧonЧtheЧ oneЧhand,Ч theЧ itte-
ducibleЧdihetenceЧbetweenЧtheЧotiginaty,ЧditectЧintuitionЧolЧmyЧownЧbodyЧ
ptopetЧ touchingЧ itsellЧ,withoutЧEinĨh/ang,Θ asЧ Hussetʩ,Ч atЧ least,Ч putsЧ it)Ч
andЧtheЧinditectЧapptesentationЧthat,ЧbyЧwayЧolЧsightЧ,andЧEinĨh/ang,Θ thisЧ
time) ,Ч givesЧ meЧaccessЧ toЧ thisЧ manЧthete,Ч inss¸·ΘasΘhsΘssss-/sΘ/hisΘsssingΘ
man.Θ OnЧtheЧ othetЧhand,Ч theЧ ¨coēpetception¨ЧteducesЧ theЧ itteducibleЧdil-
letenceЧbetweenЧ sightЧ andЧtouch,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧHussetl-weЧhaveЧinsistedЧ
onЧthisЧenough.ЧńoncetningЧtheЧ¨as¨ЧinЧ¨lЧseeЧthatЧthisЧmanЧovetЧtheteЧsees,Ч
asΘÏĕ touchЧ myЧleʇЧ handЧwhileЧ itЧisЧ touchingЧmyЧtight¨Ч , Metleauēlonty,Ч
Siŋs,Θp.Ч i
/o) ,ЧevetythingЧleadsЧusЧtoЧthinkЧthatЧHussetlЧnotЧonlyЧwouldЧhaveЧ
objectedЧtoЧitsЧphenomenologicalЧlegitimacyŬЧheЧwouldЧhaveЧseenЧinЧitЧoneЧ
olЧthoseЧlacileЧthetoticalЧ tutnsЧaboutЧwhichЧhisЧmisgivings-pteciselyЧonЧ
thisЧpoint-weteЧgteat,ЧasЧnotedЧeatliet.Ч
HencelotthЧtheteЧisЧaЧlogicЧcompellingЧMetleauēlonty'sЧthinkǚng,ЧandЧitЧ
willЧ leadЧhimЧsimultaneouslyЧotЧ inЧsuccession,ЧasЧitЧwete,Ч toЧ altetnateЧ be-
tweenЧ twoЧ intuitionismsЧolЧtheЧ ¨û esh¨ .Ч htst,Ч oneЧthatЧtequitesЧ aЧ cettainЧ
ptivilegeЧlotЧtheЧgaze,ЧlotЧotiginatyЧimmediacy,Ч sensibleЧptesentation,Чco-
incidence,Ч Ɍconlusion, ¨Ч Ɍcoōpetception, ¨Ч andЧsoЧlotthŬЧ andЧsecond, Ч oneЧ
thatЧisЧj ustЧasЧintuitionisticЧandЧwillЧteinsctibeЧwithinЧtheЧsameЧvaluesЧanЧ
eʣpetienceЧolЧapattness,Чinadequacy,Ч distance,Чinditection,Чnoncoincidence,Ч
andЧsoЧlotth.Ч1oЧ signalЧthis,ЧÏĕ eatlietЧquotedЧ¸Metleauōlonty'sЧobsetvationŽЧ
thatЧ¨itЧisЧaЧnonǫcoincidenceЧÏĕ coincideЧwithЧhete, ¨ЧwhichЧcouldЧsetveЧasЧaЧ
mottoЧlotЧtheЧunityЧolЧthisЧdoubleЧmovement. ɜ ƤЧltЧisЧaЧlotmulaЧthatЧÌĕ mayЧ
byЧallЧmeansЧ tevetseЧadЧinhnitumЧwithoutЧhatmingЧanyЧlotmalЧdiscutsiveЧ
logicǹЧilЧÍĕ coincideЧai/hΘaЧnoncoincidence,ЧÍĕ doЧnotЧcoincideЧai/hΘmyЧownЧ
coincidence,ЧandЧsoЧlotth.ЧCoincidenceЧandЧnoncoincidenceЧcoincideЧai/hΘ
eachЧothetЧinЧ notЧcoincidingŬ ЧcoincidenceЧandЧnoncoincidenceЧcoincideЧ
withoutЧcoinciding,ЧandЧsoЧlotth.ЧAllЧthatЧtemainsЧisЧtoЧthinkЧtheЧcamΘandЧ
theЧ¨with¨Чothetwise.Ч
͜iɄĢ-theЧoneЧandЧtheЧothetЧolЧtheЧai/h.Θ HavingЧteachedЧthisЧpointŀ
andЧbeloteЧweЧgoЧanyЧlutthetЧinЧtheЧcompanyЧolЧMetleauōlonty-lЧwouldЧ
likeЧtoЧmakeЧanothetЧanticipatotyЧdigtessionЧtowatdЧNancy.ЧWȽatЧhisЧbookЧ
ʹ
/·sΘsinga/is·Θ¸/a·is/Θ,BsingΘSinga/·ΘP/a·a/)ΘsetsЧ outЧtoЧdoЧisЧtoЧ thinkЧtheЧ
camΘandЧtheЧ¨with¨ЧinЧothetЧways-pteciselyЧinЧtheЧchaptetЧtitledЧ ¨1heЧ
MeasuteЧolЧtheЧvi/h. ¨ΘÏĕ teletЧtheЧteadetЧtoЧtheЧptogtessЧolЧitsЧanalysis,ЧandЧ
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ I ¸¸
metelyЧtetainЧheteЧwhatЧcomesЧdown,Чagain,ЧtoЧoutЧϱuestionЧolЧtouchЧ,andЧ
conȇtmsЧtheЧneedЧlotЧthisЧ¨deconsttuctionЧolЧChtistianity, ¨Ч Nancy'sЧnewЧ
ptojectЧthatЧweЧkeepЧ btingingЧup) ,Ч olЧ¨distanceЧ _˼˳a·/}Θ andЧcontact, ¨ЧtheЧ
pattingЧintoЧ¨onЧtheЧoneЧhand¨ЧandЧ¨onЧtheЧothetЧhand,ȔЧoneЧpattЧandЧtheЧ
othetЧolЧaЧshatingЧoutЧolЧtheЧai/h.Θ
WithϞtegatdϞtoϞ thisϞcoustitutiou,Ϟtheu,ϞaudϞatϞtheϞheattϞolϞ|udeo-ChtistiauityϞ
audϞitsϞexactϞtevetseϞsideϞ ša|waysϞ ¨exact, ¨ϞtoϞbeϞsuteǫ ϞeχeuϞatϞtheϞ¨heatt¨ϞaudϞ
¨tevetseϞside¨ϞheϞstillϞdatesϞtoϞsayϞ¨exact¨-|ŘϞD. ¦ ,˰itϞisϞaϞmattetϞolϞuudetstaud-
iugϞhowϞtheϞdimeusiouϞolϞtheϞaith bothϞappeatsϞaudϞdisappeatsϞallϞatϞouceŘϞ
OuϞ theϞ oueϞ haud,Ϟ theϞ ptoximityϞolϞtheϞ uext,Ϟ olϞtheϞ lellowϞ _da¸rochain| ,
poiutsϞtoϞtheϞ¨uextϞto¨ϞolϞtheϞ¨with¨Ϟ ,theϞa¸adhocolϞtheϞetymologyϞolϞaeeciuϞ
lteuch)Ϟ. . . . ϞŹ NaucyϞtheuϞdevelopsϞthisϞsemauticϞlogicϞuutilϞitsϞiutetualϞaudϞ
ŦueluctableϞ tevetsal .-|ŘϞ D. | OuϞtheϞ othetϞhaud,Ϟ thisϞisϞwhyϞ. . . Ϟ theϞsimul-
taueityϞolϞdistauceϞ¸êcart] audϞcoutact,ϞthatϞis,ϞtheϞmostϞptopetϞcoustitutiouϞolϞ
theϞcam-,isϞexposedϞasϞiudetetmiuateuessϞaudϞasϞaϞptoblem.ϞluϞthisϞlogic,ϞtheteϞ
isϞuoϞptopetϞmeasuteϞolϞtheϞaith. theϞotherdtawsϞitϞawayϞltomϞi t, ϞwithiuϞ theϞ
altetuativeϞotϞdialecticϞolϞtheϞiucommeusutableϞaudϞolϞcommouϞ iutimacy.Ϟ luϞ
auϞexttemeϞpatadox,ϞtheϞothetϞtutusϞoutϞtoϞbeϞtheothero¸theaith. ,Naucy,ϞBe-
ingSinga/rP/ara/ ppĕ Ϟ?o-?i)Ϟ
ltЧisЧalwaysЧtheЧlawЧolЧ ¸a·/ingΘandΘsha·ingΘatЧtheЧheattЧolЧtouchingЧandЧ
con-tact,Ч ptesentation, Ч appeatance,Ч andЧ co-appeatanceǸЧ shatingЧ outЧ asЧ
patticipationЧandΘpattition,ЧasЧcontinuityЧandЧintettuption,ЧasЧsyncopatedЧ
beat.Ч AnЧ ethics,Ч politicsЧotЧlaw,Ч andЧaЧ thinkingЧ olЧanЧ ¨inopetativeЧ com-
munity, ȔЧ alsoЧ comeЧout,Ч thtoughЧ theЧtestЧolЧthisЧincommensutable,Ч theЧ
¨othetЧolЧtheЧwith¨-andЧnotЧevenЧinЧtheЧteassutingЧ¨simultaneityЧolЧdis-
tanceЧandЧcontact, ¨Ч butЧwhat,Ч inЧɁt,ЧthusЧtemainsЧanЧ ʲindetetminateness¨Ч
andЧ¨aЧptoblem. ¨ ЧAtЧtheЧ momentЧwhenЧNancy'sЧthinkingЧisЧthusЧdecidedЧ
,and,ЧasЧhasЧbeenЧnoted,Ч itЧoltenЧis) ,Ч andЧalwaysЧsetsЧitsellЧtoЧ thinkЧwhileЧ
measutingЧ sxac/µΘtheЧ¨incommensutable¨Ч andЧ measutingЧ itsellЧai/hΘ _˨}Θ
theЧ ¨incommensutable,¨Ч hisЧ thinkingЧ isЧ ¨with¨Ч Metleau-lonty,Ч asЧ neatЧ
andЧlatЧasЧpossibleЧinЧtelationЧtoЧtheЧMetleauēlontyЧwhoЧclaims,ЧitЧwillЧbeЧ
tecalled,ЧtoЧcoincideЧai/hΘaЧnoncoincidenceЧ,¨itЧisЧaЧnonēcoincidenceЧlЧco-
incideЧwithЧhete¨) , ЧwhichЧinЧlactЧdoesЧtesembleЧNancy'sЧ ¨simultaneityЧolЧ
distanceЧandЧcontact. ¨Ч Howevet,Ч atЧthisЧpointЧ ,¨ptoblem, ¨Ч ¨indetetmi-
nateness¨) , Ч¨theЧ othetЧ olЧtheЧwith¨Ч intettuptsЧ allЧ contempotaneity,Ч co-
appeatance,ЧandЧcommensutability.Ч
EatlietЧinЧ BsingΘSinga/a·ΘP/a·a/Θ,p. Ч;6llƌ ) , Чmoteovet,Ч inЧ theЧsectionЧ¨Co-
appeating, ¨Ч NancyЧanalyzesЧwhatЧheЧtetmsЧ theЧ ¨chiasmusȔЧ betweenЧtwoЧ
l
·
·
2OO Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
thoughts,Ч Hussetl'sЧandЧHeidegget's,ЧasЧtwoЧ¨stylesЧolЧtheЧessentialityЧolЧtheЧ
with. ¨ЧAndЧheЧdoesЧ thisЧpteciselyЧbyЧhtstЧquotingЧHussetlśЧ ¨1heЧ /sgs/hs·-
nsssΘolЧmonads,ЧtheitЧmeteЧ ƪĴ-existence¨ЧnecessatilyЧsignihesЧaЧ¨/sm¸sƦČ/Θco-
existͺnce. ¨ЧltЧisЧaЧmattetЧolЧconveyingЧthatЧ¨ltЧisЧ undoubtedlyЧheteЧ ¸inЧtheЧ
Ca·/ssianΘ Msdi/a/isns-˅ũΘ D. ¦ , ƑЧ moteЧ thanЧ anywheteЧ else,Ч thatЧ HussetlЧ
showsЧhowЧphenomenologyЧitsellЧ/sachssΘitsЧownЧlimitЧandЧexceedsЧitЧ¸em-
phasisЧaddedIJ . ¨ Ə żЧWeЧ canЧtecognizeЧtheЧtecuttentЧsyntagmaЧinЧNancy-aЧ
phtasingЧasЧteguƚatЧasЧitЧisЧdisotganizingЧandЧdistutbing.Ч/sachingΘ/̤sΘ/imi/,Θ
thusЧtouchingЧtheЧuntouchable,Ч otЧ touchingЧwithoutЧtouching,Ч otЧ touch-
ingЧinЧpassingЧtheЧtouchableЧotЧtouched,ЧtouchingЧwhileЧdoingЧwithoutЧitЧ
_snΘssΘ¸assan/ΘdsΘ/sachs·¦ ,ΘtouchingЧandЧttavetsingЧwhatЧoneЧisЧtouchingЧto-
watdЧitsЧbeyond,ЧandЧsoЧlotth.ЧNow-heЧgoesЧon-thisЧsimultaneityЧolЧco-
existenceЧ¨needsЧtime¨ЧandЧ¨needsЧspace,¨ЧthatЧis,ЧwhatЧisЧneededЧisЧ¨timeЧtoЧ
spaceЧitsell¨Ч out,Ч andЧaЧspaceЧolЧtempotalЧ¨dis-tension, ¨Ч¨spaceЧolЧtheЧpas-
sageЧthatЧpatts. ¨Ə ĭЧ
LetЧusЧtetutnЧt oЧMetleau-lonty.Ч lЧhaveЧj ustЧdtawnЧaЧhypotheticalЧsketchЧ
olЧanЧ altetnation.Ч inЧwhatЧwayЧisЧitЧheldЧtoЧthisЧquestionЧ olЧtouch:Ч lnЧ theЧ
wayЧolЧaЧpatadoxƧЧ theЧvetyЧthingЧthatЧneuttalizesЧotЧtevetsesЧtheЧptimot-
dialityЧthatЧHussetlЧacknowledgesЧ inЧtouchЧinЧotdetЧtoЧteapptoptiateЧapp-
tesentationЧinЧotiginatyЧptesentationЧ,immediateЧpetception,Ч ¨conlusion, ¨Ч
¨coincidence,¨ЧandЧsoЧon)ЧwillЧentetЧaЧmuchЧtichetЧptoblematicЧolЧtheЧeye,Ч
seeingЧandЧvisibility,ЧthisЧvetyЧthingЧ isЧpteciselyЧthatЧwhich,Чconvetsely,Ч isЧ
goingЧtoЧmakeЧitЧcompelling,ЧinЧopticalЧ space,Ч toЧtakeЧintoЧ accountЧapatt-
ness,Ч distance,Ч teleĪvision,ЧandЧevenЧtheЧinvisible,Ч theЧinvisibleЧtightЧinЧ¸ ɾЧ
mcms¦Θ theЧvisible.ЧLetЧusЧclati¦ЧthisЧlotmalЧschemaЧsomewhat.Ч
litst,ЧweЧestablishedЧthisЧsymmettizationЧolЧtouchingЧandЧseeingЧ,whichЧ
isЧ bothЧ aЧdtiltingЧawayЧandЧaЧdeviationЧwithЧ tespectЧ toЧIdsasΘII) , ΘandЧes-
peciallyЧolЧtouching-onesellЧandЧseeing-onesellЧ,¨Ч . . . Ч weЧcouldЧnotЧpossi-
blyЧtouchЧotЧseeЧwithoutЧbeingЧcapableЧolЧtouchingЧotЧseeingЧoutselves¨Ч
¸Metleau-lonty,Ч Signs,Θp. Чi6IJ ) . ЧltaņoiseЧDastutЧ,seeЧn.Ч, above)ЧhasЧj ustlyЧ
highlightedЧaЧ¨conceptionЧolЧvision¨Ч thatЧ¨leadsЧ Metleau-lontyЧtoЧ testoteЧ
theЧpatallelismЧ betweenЧ seeingЧ andЧ touchingЧthatЧ HussetlЧ contested. ¨ Ə ɤ Ч
Āatliet-andЧweЧcanЧagteeЧthatЧthisЧi s ЧsomethingЧaltogethetЧdilletentЧandЧ
evenЧmoteЧsetiousЧ thanЧaЧ¨patallelism¨Ч-sheЧ evenЧmentionsЧtheЧ¨exotbi-
tantЧptivilegeDŽЧthatЧMetleau-lontyЧ¨gtantsЧtoЧvision. DŽЧ1hisЧ¨exotbitanceDŽЧ
olЧtheЧptivilegeЧthus,ЧinЧaЧtevetsal,ЧcomesЧasЧaЧsubstituteЧlotЧtheЧ¨astonish-
Ingsn/ΘIIIΘ 2OI
ing¨ЧolЧanothetЧptivilege,ЧtheЧ¨astonishingЧontologicalЧptivilege¨ЧthatЧHus-
setlЧbestowsЧonЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouch.ЧltЧmayЧbeЧ¨astonishing¨Ч¨ilЧweЧconnectЧ
itЧnotЧonlyЧtoЧtheЧthemeЧolЧŽssnsschaaΘ¸intuitionЧolЧessencesĂЧ butЧalsoЧtoЧ
theЧgenetalЧimpottanceЧthatЧlallsЧtoЧsightЧinЧHussetlianЧphenomenology. ¨
ȡ ƦЧ
lnЧ thisЧ tespectЧatЧleast,ЧǾetleau-lontyЧbelongsЧtoЧtheЧ¨WestetnЧttaditionЧ
ltomЧlatmenidesЧtoЧHussetl¨Чthat,ЧaccotdingЧtoЧSsinΘandΘZsi/,Θ ¨hasЧptivi-
legedЧseeingЧasЧtheЧuniqueЧDžmodeЧolЧaccessЧtoЧbeingsЧandΘ/sΘ/sing. ś ɂ ' ¨ΘDas-
tutЧobsetvesЧthatЧ
theϞptivilegeėȰϞgiveuϞtoϞputeϞiutuitiouϞouϞtheϞuoeticϞplaueϞcottespoudsϞtoϞthatϞ
g|veuϞtoϞobjectivelyϞpteseutϞbeiugϞouϞtheϞoutologicalϞplaue.ϞHeideggetϞspecihes,Ϟ
moteovet,ϞiuϞexplicitϞteleteuceϞtoϞHussetliauϞpheuomeuology,ϞthatϞ¨TheϞthesisϞ
thatϞallϞcoguitiouϞaimsϞatϞă iutuitiouĔϞhasϞtheϞtempotalϞmeauiugϞthatϞallϞcogui-
tiouϞisϞaϞmakiugϞpteseut¨, ė˭ ϞdehuiugϞthetebyϞtheϞmeauiugϞolϞ8eiugϞasϞ making
¸resentlotϞ theseϞ philosophetsϞ olϞconscioasness, KautϞ audϞ Hussetl.Ϟ Metleau-
louty,Ϟ withϞtegatdϞtoϞ theϞ exor/itant¸riei/ege ļmyϞemphasis-|.Ϟ D. ] thatϞheϞ
gtautsϞtoϞvisiou,ϞhatdlyϞseemsϞtoϞhaveϞdistaucedϞhimsellϞiuϞtelatiouϞtoϞthisϞlougϞ
ttaditiou,ϞwhichϞseemsϞouϞtheϞcouttatyϞtoϞh udϞitsϞculmiuatiouϞi uϞtheϞuuiqueϞ
questiouϞthatϞtheϞauthotϞolϞE,eand/indcoutiuuesϞtoϞasƁϞltomϞhisϞh tstϞtoϞhisϞ
lastϞbook.ϞwhatϞisϞvisiou`ϞlsϞitϞuotϞpossible,Ϟuevettheless,ϞwhileϞtemaiuiugϞtheϞ
iuhetitotϞolϞtheϞttaditiou,ϞtoϞputϞiutoϞquestiouϞĥomaithintheϞuouexplicitϞpte-
suppositiousϞouϞwhichϞtheϞttaditiouϞisϞlouuded`ėėϞ
AЧlewЧtematks,Чnow,ЧtoЧlieЧinЧwait,ЧatЧtheЧctosstoadsЧolЧsomeЧthoughtsЧinЧ
ptogtessЧaboutЧ¨Heidegget'sЧhand, ¨ЧandЧtheЧanimalЧwotldЧthatЧisЧputpott-
edly ¨wotld-poot¨Ч ,as//a·m)ΘwheteЧoneЧisЧtoЧsupposeЧthatЧhumanЧbeingsЧ
LJbeingЧ as///i/dsnd) ΘwouldЧ theteloteЧ beЧwotld-tichЧ LJotЧ ētichet-aЧ littleЧ
tichet`ЧǾuchЧtichet`ЧŞoЧ whatЧpoint`ЧRegatdingЧa//Θhumans,ЧasЧopposedЧtoЧ
a//Θanimals`ЧAndЧsoЧon. ) . 'ŚЧ ȮomeЧthingsЧateЧolЧhtstЧimpottanceЧlotЧ usЧ inЧ
thisЧcontextЧLJaЧcettainЧhistotyЧolЧtouchingЧandЧsight,ЧtheЧhandЧandЧtheЧeye,Ч
hominizationЧotЧhumanualizationЧptocesses,ЧandЧ¨livingЧbodies, ¨ЧandЧ¨an-
imals¨Ч whoЧ mayЧ notЧhaveЧ theЧ ¨handЧ olЧman¨Ч atЧ theitЧ disposalЧ andЧ yetЧ
wouldЧ notЧ beЧ simplyЧatmless,Ч andЧ soЧ on) ,Ч andЧ inЧ thisЧ mattetЧ letЧ usЧ ac-
knowledgeЧtheЧ¸/acsΘolЧtheseЧconsidetationsЧbyЧHeideggetЧonЧtheЧconnec-
tionЧbetweenЧtheЧptiotityЧotЧptivilegeЧ, ǧ·őng) ,ΘwhichЧisЧsupposedlyЧttadi-
tionalЧandЧcontinuousЧLJthtoughoutЧWestetnЧontologyɉ ), ЧolЧseeingЧ¨takenЧinЧ
itsЧbtoadestЧsense,¨ЧintuitionЧ,Anschaaang) ,ΘandЧthisЧ¨makingЧptesent¨Ч ,Cs-
gsnaä·/iƘng) ɲΘ moteЧpatticulatlyЧinЧ itsЧtempotalЧdimension.Ч ŞheЧ chaptetЧ
inЧquestionЧdealsЧwithЧanЧanalysisЧconcetning,ЧhtstЧolЧalƚ,ЧwhatЧptesentsЧit-
2O2 Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
sellЧinЧvatiousЧmannetsЧ/sΘ /hsΘhanDZΘ /¸Θ /hsΘhand,Θ a/ΘhanDZΘotЧhandiµ.ΘToЧ beЧ
sute,ЧHeideggetЧmentionsЧneithetЧtheЧhandЧasЧ such,ЧtheЧhandЧalone,ЧnotЧ
theЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧ,onlyЧ¨seeing¨ƧЧSshsn,Θ |msich/,Θ
ˏ
/s·sshsn,Θ andЧnotЧex-
ptesslyЧÜ aЧsense,ЧotЧasЧtheЧsensibleЧthatЧmightЧbeЧdependentЧonЧaЧsenseЧot-
gan) ,Ч butЧtathetЧhandЧgestutes,Ч theЧhandЧinЧ motion,Ч theЧhandЧinЧaction,Ч
andЧmanualЧlabot.Чlndeed,ЧevetythingЧheteЧleadsЧbackЧtoЧanЧanaĦysisЧolЧtheЧ
tempotalityЧolЧbeingŌin-the-wotldЧstattingЧltomЧZahandsnhsi/ΘandЧlo·han-
dsnhsi/.ΘTheteЧwheteЧontologicalЧquestionsЧcomeЧ intoЧ playЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧ
olЧscientih cЧobj ectivationЧandЧespeciallyЧuselulЧthingsЧ ,Zsag) ,ΘwhileЧHei-
deggetЧdoesЧ notЧnameЧtheЧ hand,Ч inЧsevetalЧinstances,Ч heЧdesignatesЧhan-
dĭng,Θ mani¸a/a/isnΘ,Han/is·sn,Θ Han/is·ang) ,Θ asЧwellЧ asЧ theЧellectsЧ olЧtheЧ
intetptetationЧ olЧbeingsЧ asЧ lo·handsnhsi/,Θ ot,Ч heteЧ especially,Ч asЧ ¨handi-
ness, ¨ЧZahandsnhsi/.ΘLetЧusЧnotЧlotgetЧthatЧtheЧtematkЧatЧissueЧhete,ЧaboutЧ
theЧ¨ptiotity¨Ч otЧ¨ptivilege¨ЧolЧseeing,ЧbeginsЧwithЧanЧallusionЧtoЧ¨manipu-
lation¨Ч,Han/is·ang)Θ inЧtheЧsciences,ЧolЧwhichЧitЧisЧsaidЧthatЧitЧisЧinΘ/hsΘss·-
·icsΘs¸Θ ¨puteЧobsetvation, ¨ЧthatЧ is,Чhnally,Ч inЧ theЧsetviceЧolЧseeingЧandЧtheЧ
intuitionЧolЧtheЧʳthingsЧthemselves. ¨ЧLeadingЧtoЧ theЧ conclusionЧbyЧHei-
deggetЧthatЧ¨TheЧideaЧolЧtheЧin/ai/asΘhasЧguidedЧallЧintetptetationЧolЧknowl-
edgeЧ evetЧ sinceЧtheЧ beginningsЧ olЧGteekЧ ontologyЧupЧ toЧ today,Ч whethetЧ
thatЧintuitionЧ isЧactuallyЧattainableЧotЧnot, ¨̕ƑЧKant'sЧsentenceЧthenЧquotedЧ
byЧHeideggetЧisЧwotthЧtecalling-notЧonlyЧlitetallyЧbutЧalsoЧinЧtheЧwotdsЧ
thatЧHeideggetЧemphasizes,ЧincludingЧtheЧtematkЧheЧmakesЧtoЧdtawЧatten-
tionЧtoЧhisЧemphasis.ЧTheЧtetmЧ¨means¨ЧweighsЧheavilyЧhete.ЧltЧisЧwhenĶ
andЧinsolatЧas-thinkingЧisЧthoughtЧasЧaЧmsansΘthatЧin/ai/isnΘisЧdominantЧ
-andЧwithЧit,Ч thetelote,Чsssing,Θ andЧmoteЧpteciselyЧstill,Ч anЧopticalЧintu-
itionismЧolЧtheЧimmsdia/sʐΘ ǽantЧthusЧwtites,ЧwithЧHeidegget'sЧ emphasis.Ч
¨ŷ ToЧ whatevetЧ kindЧ olЧobjectsЧ one'sЧknowledgeЧ mayЧ telateЧ itsellЧandЧ byЧ
whatevetЧmeansЧ,da·chΘas/hsΘMiȩ/s/)ΘitЧmayЧdoЧso,ЧstillЧthatЧthtoughЧwhichЧ
itЧtelatesЧ itsellЧtoЧthemЧimmediatelyЧ,anmi//s//a·) ,ΘandΘahichΘa//Θ/hin/ingΘ
asΘaΘ msansΘhasΘasΘi/sΘgsa/Θ¸ Heidegget'sЧitalics¦Ч isΘin/ai/isnΘ,andΘas·aa¸Θa//ssΘ
Dsn/snΘa/sΘMiȬs/Θa/ȱasc//Θ¸v.ЧŇŲЧ gesp.¦
ƳЧ
disΘAnschaaang) . Ƀś¹ʞΘ
AltetЧwhichЧHeideggetЧgoesЧonЧwithЧaЧlundamentalЧanalysisЧolЧtheЧcon-
sequencesЧ andЧquestionsЧmadeЧnecessatyЧbyЧwhatЧthusЧlinksЧseeingЧ,in-
spection,Чpetspective,Чcitcumspection,Ч |msich/)ΘwithЧ¨ptactical¨ЧtakingЧcateЧ
,dasΘ Ƶ·a//ischs"ΘBsss·gsn) .ΘAtЧtheЧoutsetЧolЧthisЧ development,ЧHeideggetЧ
hadЧtecalledЧtheЧcomplexityЧolЧtheЧtelationЧbetweenЧ¸·axisΘandЧtheoteticalЧ
investigationЧ thatЧ ptetendsЧ toЧ beЧindependent. Ч ltomЧ theЧ ctudestЧ toЧ theЧ
mostЧteh ned,ЧltomЧpencilsЧtoЧ mictoscopes,Ч theseЧ manipulationsЧ ptopetlyЧ
͙ǝȼcǝĄЧIIIΘ 2O)
pettainingЧtoЧscientih cЧinvestigationЧateЧnevetЧ¨ontologically¨Чinsignihě cantЧ
otЧindilletent,Ч noЧmoteЧ thanЧ theЧ boundatyЧbetweenЧtheЧ theoteticalЧ andЧ
atheoteticalЧappeatsЧinЧtheЧlightЧolЧday. ĊĭЧßeloteЧweЧintettuptЧthisЧdigtes-
sion,Ч letЧusЧagainЧemphasizeЧthatЧtheЧtetmsЧ¨sense¨ЧotЧ¨sensibility¨ЧdoЧnotЧ
appeatЧinЧthisЧatgument.ЧWeЧ lutthetЧknowЧthatЧHeideggetЧtegulatlyЧsaysЧ
thatЧitЧisЧnotЧbecauseЧweЧhaveЧeatsЧthatЧweЧheatЧbut,Чinvetsely,ЧweЧhaveЧeatsЧ
becauseЧweЧheat.Ч HeЧwouldЧ likewiseЧ sayЧthatЧseeingЧdoesЧ notЧ dependЧ onЧ
anyЧoculatЧ otgan,Ч andЧsoЧlotth.Ч
LetЧusЧ comeЧ backЧtoЧMetleaučlontyЧ onceЧ again.Ч ltЧis,Ч noЧdoubt,ЧhatdlyЧ
disputableЧthatЧheЧhasЧ inЧ lactЧtendedЧtoЧ ¨testoteЧtheЧpatallelismЧ betweenЧ
seeingЧandЧtouchingЧthatЧHussetlЧcontested¨Ч, pethapsЧespeciallyЧinЧhisЧatti-
cleЧinЧSiŋs) ,ΘandЧthatЧheЧhasЧalsoЧconlettedЧonЧvisionЧanЧ ¨exotbitantЧptivi-
lege, ¨ЧwhichЧ isЧaЧdilletentЧ thing.Ч DastutЧ thenЧsetsЧalootЧaЧ teadingЧthatЧisЧ
evenЧmoteЧaccutate,ЧaskingЧhetsellЧwhethetЧitЧisЧpossible,Ч¨whileЧtemainingЧ
anЧinhetitotЧtoЧtheЧttadition,ЧtoЧputЧintoЧquestionЧ̃ΗĴŢЧ ai/hinΘtheЧnonex-
plicitЧptesuppositionsЧonЧwhichЧtheЧttaditionЧisЧlounded¨,ЧitЧisЧmoteЧaccu-
tate,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧsayЧgenetous,Ч withЧ tegatdЧ toЧ theЧ Metleau-lontyЧwhoЧ isЧ
moteЧattentiveЧtoЧdistancingЧandЧnoncoincidence,ЧtoЧtheЧinvisibleЧandЧtheЧ
untouchable,ЧtoЧaЧhiatusЧnotЧabsentЧevenЧinЧtheЧ|·s·Ȓs/nisΘolЧ whichЧHussetlЧ
speaks-andЧthisЧevenЧinЧaЧlivingЧptesentЧthatЧhasЧtoЧbeЧintetptetedЧdihet-
entlyЧltomЧ coincidenceЧ andЧlusion, ЧandЧstattЧinsteadЧltomЧaЧ tetention,Ч aЧ
¨pastĺptesentЧ simultaneity¨Ч lotЧ whichЧ aЧ ¨philosophyЧ olЧconsciousness¨Ч
¨cannotЧaccount. ¨ЧAndЧevenЧilЧtheЧ¨speculatityЧolЧßeingЧisЧMetleau-lonty'sЧ
lastЧ wotd,Ч asЧ itЧ isЧ theЧ culminationЧ olЧ theЧ metaphysicsЧ olЧvisionЧ inЧ theЧ
HegelianЧdialectic,¨ЧheЧhasЧcattiedЧoutЧaЧ¨displacementЧatЧonceЧbothЧinhʌn-
itesimalЧandЧtadical¨ЧinЧthisЧphilosophicalЧttaditionЧolЧabsoluteЧteûection. ĊȥЧ
ßetweenЧ touchЧ andЧ sight,Ч theЧquestionЧ olЧ¨ptivilege¨Ч otЧ ¨patallelism¨Ч
cettainlyЧtakesЧonЧtheЧgteatestЧimpottance,ЧwithЧallЧthatЧstillЧseemsЧtoЧbeЧatЧ
stakeЧinЧwhatЧitЧcommands,ЧwithЧ theЧeval uationsЧ itЧinvolves,Ч theЧ hietat-
chicalЧotdets,ЧandЧtheЧmoteЧotЧlessЧsubtleЧandЧstabilizableЧtevetsalsЧtoЧwhichЧ
theseЧ¨senses¨ЧcanЧgiveЧtise.Ч , llЧtheyЧstillЧateЧsensibleЧ sensesĨЧAsЧ lЧhaveЧj ustЧ
tematked,Ч Heidegget'sЧ pondetingЧaboutЧtheЧsaidЧttaditionalЧptivilegeЧolЧ
¨seeing¨ЧisЧnot, ЧltomЧtheЧoutset,ЧaЧteû ectionЧonЧsensibilityЧasЧsuch. )ЧWhatЧ
temains,ЧasЧlЧ suggestedЧeatliet-aȼaiǝsĄЧHeidegget,Ч inЧaЧway-isЧ thatЧoneЧ
mightЧhaveЧtoЧgoЧinЧlotЧaЧsttuctuteЧolЧexpetienceЧinЧwhichЧthisЧ¨ptivilege¨Ч
otЧ¨ptiotity¨Ч , ͛ϩććaǝȼ)Ч olЧsightЧotЧtouchЧ,whethetЧ¨exotbitant¨Ч otЧnot)Ч noЧ
2Oq Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
longetЧmeansЧmuch,ЧilЧtheЧsaidЧ¨ttadition¨Ч ,¨sinceЧtheЧbeginningsЧolЧŏteeƃЧ
ontology¨ɉƴЧnevetЧshowsЧanyЧptivilegeЧlotЧtheЧgaĵeЧ,noЧ opticalЧtheotetismƴЧ
withoutЧanЧinvincibleЧintuitionismЧthatЧisЧaccomplished,Чlulǘ lled,ЧĐllyЧel-
lectuated,ЧstattingЧltomЧaЧhapticalЧotiginЧotЧ/s/ssŵΘilЧtheteЧisЧnoЧopticalЧin-
tuitionismЧwithoutЧhaptocenttism,Ч andЧilЧlutthetmoteЧ ,inЧ tegatdЧtoЧ thisЧ
intuitionism,ЧwhichЧisЧhƁ nallyЧhomogeneous,Чundilletentiating,Чabsolute,Ч
stubbotn,Чabsutd,Ч andЧ inЧ theЧ hnalЧ accountЧinsensibleЧotЧ¨smooth¨Ч-i. e. , Ч
deal,Ч blind,ЧandЧimpassiveƴЧ theЧlateЧolЧthisЧintetsensibilityЧ, hencelotthЧit-
teduciblyЧttopological,Чhgutal,ЧandЧmetonymicƴЧallowsЧoneЧtoЧseeЧandЧheatЧ
andЧleelЧandЧtasteЧaЧbitЧolЧtouchingЧevetywhete.Ч indeed,ЧwhoЧwouldЧdenyЧ
thatЧweЧcanЧtouchЧwithЧoutЧvoice-closeЧotЧlatЧaway,Ч natutallyЧotЧtechni-
cally,Ч ilЧweЧ couldЧstillЧ telyЧonЧthisЧdistinction,Ч inЧtheЧ openЧ aitЧ otЧonЧtheЧ
phone-andЧthus,ЧevenЧtouchЧtoЧtheЧheatt:ЧWhethetЧtheyЧateЧmaintainedЧ
otЧsubvetted,ЧtheseЧ¨patallelisms¨ЧateЧnoЧlongetЧdetetmining-not,Чhnally,Ч
ateЧtheyЧdetetminedЧotЧ evenЧ detetminable.Ч
ǕndЧtheseЧbattlesЧlotЧtheЧhegemonyЧotЧequality,ЧlotЧtheЧatistoctacyЧolЧoneЧ
sense,ЧotЧtheЧdemoctacyЧolЧallЧtheЧsenses-don'tЧtheyЧthenЧbecomeЧttihing,Ч
noЧmattetЧhowЧvitulent,ЧhowЧ¸s·csqΘsm/·si/sd,Θ /ss/hΘandΘnai/Θ_acha·néss} `Θ
lnЧ theitЧpolemicalЧduels,ЧtheseЧbattlesЧateЧpossibleЧonlyЧinsolatЧasЧ theteЧ isЧ
noЧ longetЧanyЧsenseЧptopet,Ч sttictЧ andЧ citcumsctibable,Ч toЧ eachЧ olЧtheseЧ
senses,ЧbutЧonlyЧttopologicalЧdisplacementsЧandЧsubstitutions,ЧthatЧis,Чptos-
theticЧpossibilities.ЧllЧtheteЧweteЧanyЧpossibleЧaccotdЧaboutЧaЧsenseЧptopetЧ
-sttictЧandЧcitcumsctibable,Ч stabiliĵable,Ч itteplaceable,Ч notЧteducibleЧtoЧ
ptostheticЧsubstitution-youЧcanЧbetЧthatЧnoЧdiscotdЧcouldЧhaveЧlastinglyЧ
atisen,ЧwhethetЧaboutЧ¨patallelism¨ЧotЧ¨exotbitant¨Ч¨ptivilege. ¨ЧŞhisЧisЧnotЧ
becauseЧitЧwouldЧbeЧnecessatyЧtoЧstattЧltomЧanЧundihetentiatedЧsensibilityЧ
otЧaЧbodyЧwithoutЧotgans-quiteЧtheЧconttatyŹbutЧltomЧanothetЧotgani-
ĵationЧ,natutalЧandΘtechnical,ЧotiginatyЧinasmachΘasΘptostheticalƴЧ olЧwhatЧ
isЧtetmedЧsensibility,Ч theЧ¨bodyЧptopet, ¨ЧotЧtheЧ¨ûψesh¨ŜЧ andЧinЧtheЧhnalЧac-
count,ЧwithoutЧtooЧmuchЧlaithЧeithetЧinЧcommonЧsenseЧotЧinЧaЧhistoticalЧ
cultuteЧthatЧwithholdsЧ itsЧnameЧandЧpassesЧ itsellЧollЧasЧ natutal,Ч otЧinЧtheЧ
commonЧsenseЧolЧaЧcultuteЧthatЧstillЧlotcesЧ usЧtoЧcountЧtheЧsensesЧonЧtheЧ
hngetsЧolЧaЧsingleЧhand,ЧtheЧhandЧolЧmanŹmanЧalways.Ч1heteЧisЧnotЧoneЧ
senseŹnotЧone,Чtwo,Чthtee,Чlout,Чǘ ve,ЧotЧsix.ЧWeЧateЧtoЧleelЧandЧcountЧoth-
etwise,ЧandЧbesides,ЧweЧateЧdoingЧitŹthatЧisЧhowЧitЧgoes.ЧAndЧthatЧisЧwhyЧ
theЧtechnical,ЧthatЧisЧtoЧsay,Чptosthetics,ЧnevetЧwaits.ЧlnЧtheЧend,ЧthisЧisЧwhatЧ
Nancy,Ч toЧme,ЧseemsЧtoЧ meanЧwhenЧheЧspeaƃsЧolЧaЧ¨/schnëΘolЧbodiesʴЧ -
weťllЧtalƃЧaboutЧthisЧ againŹandЧwhatЧtheseЧ daysЧ comesЧundetЧtheЧsome-
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ zo;Ч
whatЧ rellglousЧ appellatlonЧ ¨ûesh¨Ч orЧ ¨body,¨Ч asЧ thʁЧ ¨û attest¨Ч andЧ ¨leastЧ
trendllyЧconnectedŨЧolЧ¨themesЧandЧterms-lnЧaЧtermlnalЧcoma, ¨ЧaЧbodyЧ
allЧ atЧonceЧ commonЧ andЧ exceptlonal,Ч ¨substitutableЧwithЧanyЧotherЧinas-
machΘasΘi/ΘisΘansa/s/i/a/a//s¨Θ , Nancy,Ч Cs·¸as,Θ pp. Ч ?oȜ?i) ,Ч andЧ especlallyЧ
whenЧheЧsaysЧ¨thereЧlsЧnoЧtheĹЧsenseЧolЧtouch¨Ч,ibld. , Чpơ Чio|) ơЧ lЧ supposeЧheЧ
couldЧj ustЧasЧwellЧhaveЧsaid,Ч¨ThereЧisЧnoЧĉtheǦЧsenseЧolЧvlslon, ¨ЧandЧsoЧonŎ Ч
AndЧ thereЧ hlsЧ problematlcЧ olЧsenseЧandЧtheЧ sensesɖЧ olЧtheЧ senseЧ olЧtheЧ
world,ЧandЧsoЧon,Ч opensЧ up.Ч
Now,ЧhowЧcanЧweЧexplaln,ЧwlthoutЧprostheticЧandЧtropologicalЧplay,Ч andЧ
wlthoutЧtheЧoriglnaryЧsupplementarityЧj ustЧdesignated,ЧthatЧMerleauĺlontyЧ
couldЧmakeЧsoЧmuchЧroomЧlorЧantagonlstlcЧmotllsЧ ,orЧthatЧheЧhadЧto,ЧlaterЧ
orЧatЧtheЧsameЧtlme)-namely,Ч lorЧtouching,Чdlstanclng,Ч noncolncldenceЧ
thatЧdissoclatesЧwlthinЧ/s/hΘseelngЧandΘtouchlng,ЧlorЧtheЧlmminenceЧolЧanЧ
everĺconceaƄedЧaccess,ЧlorЧlnterruptlon,Ч theЧlnvisibleЧandЧtheЧuntouchableЧ
-whlleЧhavingЧ¨parallelized¨Ч theЧsensesЧ olЧslghtЧandЧ touch,Ч or,Ч asЧ aЧ hrstЧ
oddity,Ч addltionallyЧconlerredЧanЧ¨exorbitantЧprlvllege¨Ч onЧtheЧlormerЧandЧ
remalnedЧsoЧeloquentЧaboutЧconluslon,Чcolncidence,ЧreHection,Чorlglnarity,Ч
prlmordlalЧpresence,ЧandЧsoЧ on·ЧlorЧIhsΘlisi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//sΘis,Ч lnЧ thlsЧ
respect,ЧasЧrlchЧaЧtextЧasЧ itЧisЧheterogeneous,Ч andЧallЧtheЧmoreЧproluseЧslnceЧ
ltЧstaysЧonЧtheЧmoveЧ andЧundecldedЧwlthЧ respectЧtoЧallЧ theseЧalternativesЧ
andЧtheirЧloglcalЧconslstencyŎЧ ltЧisЧimpossibleЧhereЧtoЧdoЧj ustlceЧtoЧthisЧgreatЧ
workЧ¨lnЧprogress, ¨ЧandЧespeciallyЧtoЧdetectЧinЧltЧlnЧaЧveryЧrlgorousЧlashionЧ
whatЧservesЧasЧlurtherЧdevelopmentЧtoЧIhsΘS/·ac/a·sΘs¸Bsha·is·ůĜΘandЧPhs-
nsmsns/sgyΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn.ΘHowever,ЧletЧusЧrecall,ЧlorЧexample-thoughЧtooЧ
hastlly-theЧattentlonЧglvenЧtoЧ ¨replacement¨Ч ¸sa¸¸΀ancs¦Θ andЧ¨substltu-
tion, ¨ЧinЧPhsnsmsns/sgΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn,ΘthusЧtoЧaЧcertalnЧspontaneous,Чquasi-
pretechnicalЧprosthetlcs,Ч lnЧtheЧcourseЧolЧMerleau-lontyĹsЧlamousЧanalysesЧ
olЧtheЧ¨phantomЧllmb, ¨ƵǏЧtheЧ¨unsound¨ЧorЧpathologicalЧsenseЧolЧtouch,ЧorЧ
¨potentlalЧ_·i·/as/¦ ŕ ΘtouchЧ,ibld. ,Чpp. Чƨo,, ЧϤ?) .ЧLetЧusЧalsoЧthlnkЧolЧtheЧdll-
lerenceЧthatЧheЧexploresЧ betweenЧtheЧ¨allegedЧ purelyЧtactlleĹЧwhlchЧlЧ tryЧtoЧ
extractЧbyЧlnvestigatlngЧblindness¨ЧandЧ¨integrated¨Ч touch,Ч olЧtheЧnonjuxČ
taposltlonЧbetweenЧ¨tactlleЧandЧvlsualЧdatȂЧ inЧnormalЧsubjectsЧ,accordlngЧtoЧ
ȱDr.ЧKurtŽЧ Goldsteln) ,ЧandЧespeciallyЧolЧtheЧs¸nass/hs/icΘunityЧolЧtheЧsenses,Ч
¨lntersensoryЧ unityЧ olЧtheЧ thlng, ¨Ч manЧ asЧ ssnss·iamΘ csmmansΘ, Herder) .Ч
¨SynaestheticЧperceptlonЧ isЧ theЧ rule¨Ч ,Merleau-lonty,Ч Phsnsmsns/sgΘ s¸Θ
Ps·cs¸/isn,Θpp. Чzz,,Чz;;˦Чz;,) ĔЧ¨̺orЧtheЧsensesЧcommunicateЧwlthЧeachЧother.Ч
MusicЧlsЧnotЧlnЧvlslbleЧspace,ЧbutЧitЧbesleges,ЧundermlnesЧɺitͤʵЧ,p. Чzz;) . ЧThlsЧ
zo6Ч Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
language,ЧwhichЧǻussetlЧwouldЧhaveЧoltenЧj udgedЧtooЧmetaphotical,ЧmakesЧ
itЧpetmissibleЧtoЧspeakЧ olЧsynaestheticЧanalogyЧhnallyЧgtoundedЧinЧaЧspa-
tialityЧthatЧisЧcommonЧtoЧtheЧvisibleЧandЧtheЧtangible,ЧasЧwellЧasЧaЧtouch-
ingЧ¨byЧtheЧeyes, ¨ЧlotЧexampleƧЧ¨TheЧvetyЧlactЧthatЧtheЧwayЧisЧpavedЧtoЧttueЧ
visionЧthtoughЧaЧphaseЧolЧttansitionЧandЧthtoughЧaЧsottЧolЧtouchЧellectedЧ
byЧtheЧeyesЧwouldЧbeЧincomptehensibleЧunlessЧ theteЧweteЧaЧquasi-spatialЧ
tactileЧh eld,ЧintoЧwhichЧtheЧh tstЧvisualЧpetceptionsЧmayЧbeЧinsetted¨Ч,ibid. , Ч
p.Чzz;) С Ч
l t ЧisЧinsolatЧasЧvisionЧthatЧisЧptopetlyЧspatialЧalteadyЧ¨ptepates¨ЧlotЧthisЧ
,¨theЧwayЧisЧpaved¨)ЧandЧsecutesЧaЧ¨phaseЧolЧttansition¨ЧthtoughЧ¨aЧsottЧolЧ
touchЧellectedЧbyЧtheЧeyes¨Ч thatЧtheЧ¨tactileЧhƂeld, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧonlyЧ¨quasi-
spatial, ¨ ЧseemsЧ toЧ comeЧ belotehand-soЧ thatЧ theЧ visibleЧ comesЧ alteadyЧ
beloteЧ whatЧ comesЧ beloteЧ it.Ч ŇisionЧ ptopetlyЧspeakingЧ isЧaheadЧ olЧwhatЧ
nonethelessЧ seemsЧ toЧconditionЧit.Ч SuchЧ aЧptesentationЧolЧthingsЧisЧtathetЧ
signih cant-andЧquasi-teleological,ЧletЧusЧadd.ЧThisЧptesentationЧwillЧpet-
sistЧinЧIhsΘlsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//s,Θ inЧtetmsЧthatЧateЧcloseЧtoЧthisЧ,seeingЧ¨isЧ
beingЧptemeditatedЧ. . . Ч theЧvisibleЧbodyЧptovidesЧ lotЧtheЧhollowЧwhenceЧaЧ
visionЧwillЧcome,ЧinaugutatesЧtheЧlongЧmatutationЧatЧwhoseЧtetmЧsuddenlyЧ
itЧwillЧsee,ЧthatЧis,ЧwillЧbeЧvisibleЧlotЧitsell¨Ч ¸Metleau-lonty,Ч lsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘ
In·isi//s,Θ p. Ч i|ȦĂ ) . Ч lndeed,Ч althoughЧ Metleau-lontyЧ givesЧ theЧ gteatestЧ
weightЧtoЧthisЧsynaesthesia,ЧheЧnevetЧexcludesЧaЧhietatchicalЧotdetЧltomЧit,Ч
andЧthenЧconletsЧonЧvisionЧaЧheavyЧptimacy,Ч accompaniedЧbyЧd ¨itЧseemsЧtoЧ
me¨ЧasЧsetiousЧasЧitЧisЧauthotitatian.ЧlotЧexample,Ч¨theЧsensesЧshouldЧnotЧbeЧ
putЧonЧtheЧsameЧbasis,Ч asЧilЧtheyЧweteЧallЧequallyЧcapableЧolЧobjectivityЧandЧ
accessibleЧtoЧintentionality.ЧExpetienceЧdoesЧnotЧptesentЧthemЧtoЧusЧÜ equiv-
alentƧЧ itЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧthatЧ·isaa/Θsx¸s·isncsΘisΘ/·as·Θ/hanΘ/ac/i/sΘsx¸s·isncs,Θ
thatЧitЧgatnetsЧ withinЧ itsellЧitsЧownЧ /·a/hΘandЧaddsЧtoЧ it,Ч becauseЧitsЧtichetЧ
sttuctuteЧolletsЧ meЧmodalitiesЧolЧbeingЧ unsuspectedЧbyЧtouch¨Ч ,Metleau-
lonty,ЧPhsnsmsns/sgΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn,Θp.Чz;|ni, Чmy emphasis-|.Ч D.Ч ¸slightlyЧ
modih ed-Ttans. Ă ) . Ч
ThisЧdidЧnotЧpteventЧhimЧaЧlittleЧeatlietЧltomЧassociatingЧonЧtheЧsameЧba-
sisЧ otЧplane-olЧ¨ptimotdialЧ contactЧwithЧbeing¨-¨touchЧotЧsight,¨Ч¨seeЧ
otЧtouch, ¨ЧandЧtoЧ stateƧЧ ¨ThusЧtheЧunityЧandЧtheЧdivetsityЧolЧtheЧsensesЧateЧ
/·a/hsΘ olЧtheЧ sameЧ otdet¨Ч ,ibid. , Ч p.Ч zzi ,Ч myЧemphasis-|. Ч D. )-anЧ am-
biguousЧlotmulationЧthatЧdoesЧ notЧ allowЧusЧtoЧsetЧ thingsЧ sttaight.ЧAteЧtheЧ
¨ttuthsЧolЧtheЧsameЧ otdet¨Ч lotЧdivetseЧ meaningsЧthatЧstillЧbecomeЧunited,Ч
otЧlotЧ aЧ divetsityЧthatЧ isЧequivalentЧtoЧ aЧunity:Ч lnЧanyЧcase,Ч ilЧ¨outЧownЧ
body¨Ч ptopetЧisЧ¨asЧtheЧheatt,¨ЧitЧisЧalsoЧaЧheattЧthatЧseesЧotЧgivesЧlileЧtoЧtheЧ
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ īo

livingǑЧ ¨ OutЧownЧ bodyЧisЧinЧtheЧwotldЧ asЧ theЧ heattЧ isЧinЧtheЧotganism.Ч itЧ
keepsЧtheЧvisibleЧspectacleЧconstantlyЧalive,ЧitЧbteathesЧlifeЧintoЧitЧandЧsus-
tainsЧitЧinwatdly,ЧandЧwithЧitЧfotmsЧaЧsystem¨Ч ,ibid. ,Чp.Чīo;) Lj Ч
ņetЧusЧatЧlastЧnoteЧthatЧthisЧsameЧbookЧvetyЧoftenЧ ,tooЧoftenЧfotЧanЧex-
haustiveЧsutvey)Ч dealsЧ withЧ theЧ ¨exampleЧofЧtheЧhand, ¨ЧtheЧpaitЧ¨eyeЧandЧ
hand¨Ч ,ibid. ,Ч p. Ч īɛ6) ЧotЧtheЧ¨setЧofЧmanīa/anda¨ Θ,ibid. , Чp.Ч io;) . ŚƎЧ ,1hisЧ
conh tmsЧtoЧwhatЧextentЧthisЧphenomenologyЧofЧpetceptionЧisЧanЧanthto-
pology,Ч itЧ ovetshadowsЧ theЧ ptoblemsЧ ofЧbothЧ animalityЧandЧ hominiza-
tion. )ЧlnЧotdetЧtoЧmapЧthingsЧoutЧatЧhtst,ЧweЧcanЧatЧleastЧttyЧtoЧfollowЧtheЧ
dottedЧ outlineЧofЧaЧ fewЧ ofЧhisЧlinesЧ whenĎwithoutЧanyЧbettayalЧ otЧde-
nial-theitЧttacingsЧsctambleЧtheЧstaticsЧofЧbotdetlinesЧthatЧwouldЧstabilizeЧ
aЧ¨patallelism¨ЧotЧestablishЧaЧ¨ptivilege. ¨Ч
lnЧIhsΘlsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//s,Θ theЧmattetЧofЧtheЧlookingЧeyeЧwillЧlatet,Ч
andЧevetywhete,ЧtemainЧanЧovethowingЧtheme,ЧtoЧbeЧsuteǑЧatЧtheЧotiginЧofЧ
theЧwotldЧandЧtheЧvetyЧnotionЧofЧwotld,ЧitЧknowsЧnoЧbotdet,ЧinЧaЧway-noЧ
extetnalЧbotdet.Ч Ȯtill,ЧthisЧthemeЧthatЧspillsЧovetboatdЧisЧvisiblyЧovettunЧatЧ
onceЧbyЧknowingЧasЧwellЧasЧbyЧsaying,Чh tstЧofЧaŴl-evenЧbefoteЧtheЧintetnaŴЧ
foldЧofЧaЧ tunningЧbotdet,Ч whichЧ cannotЧbeЧ distinguishedЧftomЧitЧandЧ isЧ
calledЧtheЧinvisible,ЧovettunsЧit.Ч ǽnowingЧandЧsaying,Ч onЧtheЧothetЧhand,Ч
canЧ neithetЧseeЧnotЧbeЧseen.Ч ¨ltЧisЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧtĒueЧthatЧtheЧwotldЧisЧ
aha/ΘasΘsssΘandЧ that,Ч nonetheless,ЧweЧ mustЧ leatnЧ toЧ seeЧitĎhΨ tstЧ inЧ theЧ
senseЧthatЧweЧmustЧmatchЧthisЧvisionЧwithЧknowledge,ЧtakeЧpossessionЧofЧ
it,Ч sa¸Θ whatЧ asΘandЧwhatЧsssingΘate,Ч actЧthetefoteЧasЧ ifЧweЧ knewЧnothingЧ
aboutЧit¨Ч,Metleau-lonty,Ч lsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//s,Θp. Ч|) .Ч
ßyЧtheЧsameЧtoken,ЧtheЧeye'sЧauthotityЧisЧquestioned,ЧotЧcaŴledЧintoЧ ques-
tion, ЧinЧtheЧeyeЧofЧtheЧwotld,Ч ptecisely.Ч ¨ßutЧamЧlЧ /ssms/hss·ss`ΘMoteЧex-
actlyŃЧisЧbeingЧ/ssms/hss·ssΘmyЧultimateЧteality:¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp. ЧƸ Ƹ;ˣ . Ч
ņikewise,ЧweЧmustЧtakeЧintoЧaccountЧtheЧotiginalЧwayЧinЧwhichЧh e ЧtteatsЧ
theЧinvisible,ЧanЧinvisibleЧthatЧisЧ notЧ intelligibleЧotЧideal,Ч butЧanЧinvisibleЧ
thatЧwouldЧnot-thoughЧ·igh/ΘatЧtheЧvisible-beЧ¨theЧinvisibleЧasЧanЧs/hs·Θ
·isi//sΘŸpossible, ' ЧotЧaЧpossible'ЧvisibleЧfotЧanЧ othet¨Ч ,p.Ч īī,) .Ч1hatЧisЧwhyЧ
weЧ mustЧ¨taiseЧ theЧ questionǑ Ч theЧ invisibleЧlife,Ч theЧ invisibleЧcommunity,Ч
theЧ invisibleЧothet,ЧtheЧinvisibleЧcultute.Ч ¸ Ȼ¦ ΘElabotateЧaЧphenomenologyЧ
ofЧtheЧ othetЧwotld, 'Ч asЧ theЧlimitЧofЧaЧ phenomenologyЧofЧtheЧimaginatyЧ
andЧtheЧhidden'ŊЧ ,ibid. , Чp. Чīī,) . Ż
ȡЧ
1heЧsingulatЧmotifЧofЧtheЧinvisible-visibleЧinvadesЧevetythingŜЧitЧisЧallЧatЧ
onceЧovetHowingЧandЧovettun,ЧexceedingЧitsЧboundsЧotЧlostЧonЧitsЧbotdets,Ч
intetnallyЧcoiledЧovetЧaЧtunningЧbotdetЧthatЧputsЧitsЧoutsideЧin-unlessЧitЧ

ĕ
īo?Ч Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
letsЧ evetythingЧallectЧit,Ч inЧpatticulatЧevetythingЧthatЧwasЧupЧtoЧthenЧ keptЧ
citcumspectlyЧandЧtespectlullyЧatЧbay,Ч thatЧis,Ч beginningЧwithЧĝnoncoinci-
dence, ¨ЧwithЧwhichЧitЧseemsЧ hencelotthЧthatЧ ĝl ¨ЧnoЧlongetЧcoincidesЧsoЧ
easily.ЧAndЧmoteЧhospitablyЧnow,Ч itЧisЧtheЧthtesholdЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧ
thatЧ isЧ openlyЧgteetingЧnoncoincidence,Ч intettuption,ЧallЧthatЧmakesЧte-
vetsibilityЧ otЧ teHexivityЧ alwaysЧ inaccessible,Ч andЧ onlyЧ imminent-theЧ
thtesholdЧolЧtouch,Ч cettainly,Ч butЧ aЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧ ,inЧ thisЧ instanceЧde-
ptivedЧolЧanyЧgivenЧtevetsibilityЧbetweenЧtouchingЧandЧtouched)Ч alwaysЧ
conspicuouslyЧputЧ onЧ anЧequalЧlootingŹwhichЧshouldЧbeЧanЧequalЧhandЧ
ŹwithЧallЧ theЧ othetЧ ĝsenses¨Ч otЧothetЧotgansЧ olЧmyЧbody,Ч sightЧ otЧeye,Ч
heating,ЧeatЧotЧvoice.Ч1hisЧseemsЧpatticulatlyЧobviousЧ,otЧgtipping,ЧotЧbet-
tetЧgtaspedЧbyЧtheЧeat)ЧinЧĝ1heЧlntettwining-theЧChiasm. ¨ЧHete,ЧinЧtheЧ
coutseЧolЧoneЧolЧtheЧmostЧexplicitЧdehnitionsЧolЧĝtheЧHeshЧweЧateЧspeakingЧ
ol, ¨ЧtheЧexampleЧolЧtheЧhandЧcomesЧpedagogicallyЧtoЧdtiveЧtheЧdiscoutse,Ч
evenЧtheteЧwheteЧthisЧdiscoutseЧisЧintentЧonЧdemonsttatingЧthatЧleelingЧisЧ
somewhatЧ ĝdispetsed. ¨ Ч1heЧatgumentЧisЧbalancedЧandЧsttetchesЧbetweenЧ
ċwoЧpoles,Ч asЧ ilЧitЧwantedЧtoЧ say.Ч theteЧisЧsomeЧdispetsion,ЧbutЧ nevetthe-
lessЧ. . . Ч 'Ч ĝ1heteЧisЧ noЧ the'Ч senseЧ olЧvision, ¨ЧbutЧnevetthelessЧ. . . Ч theteЧisЧ
ĝthatЧ centtalЧ visăon¨ʪЧ ĝ1heteЧ isЧ noЧ ƈtheȘЧ senseЧ olЧtouch, ¨Ч butЧ nevetthe-
lessЧ. . . Ч theteЧisЧĝthatЧuniqueЧtouch¨ĨЧWhichЧmoteovetЧisЧlikeЧanЧ ĝlЧ think¨Ч
thatЧhnallyЧisЧnothingЧbutЧmyЧHesh. ЧAmongЧtheЧ tematkableЧttaitsЧolЧtheЧ
passageЧquotedЧbelow,ЧaЧcontinuousЧttansitionЧseemsЧtoЧptoceed-asЧilЧonЧ
itsЧ own,Ч asЧ ilЧthisЧwentЧwithoutЧ saying-ltomЧ anЧ inltasttuctutalЧexem-
platityЧolЧvisionЧ,ĝmyЧvisibleЧisЧconhtmedЧasЧanЧexemplatЧolЧaЧunivetsalЧvis-
ibiliċyЧ. . . Ч¸thoughtͥЧ mustЧbeЧbtoughtЧtoЧappeatЧditectlyЧinЧtheЧinltasttuc-
tuteЧolЧvision¨)Ч toЧtheЧdispetsionЧwithoutЧdispetsionЧolЧaЧĝunique¨ЧwayЧolЧ
touchingЧolЧwhichЧtheЧhtstЧexampleЧisЧĝmyЧhand. ¨ЧLetЧusЧquoteЧthisЧatgu-
ment,Ч thetelote,ЧltomЧtheЧmomentЧwhenЧMetleau-lontyЧmakesЧuseЧolЧtheЧ
wotdЧĝ ¸weȳЧ toucΜʶЧ inЧaЧhgutativeЧsenseЧtoЧsayЧĝaЧsecondЧotЧhgutativeЧmean-
ingЧolЧvision¨̥ЧandЧletЧusЧonceЧ moteЧundetscoteЧ theЧwotkЧolЧtheЧexample,Ч
theЧĝexemplat, ¨ЧotЧtheЧĝlotЧexample¨.Ч
AtϞtheϞltoutietϞolϞtheϞmuteϞotϞsolipsistϞwotldϞwhete,Ϟ iuϞtheϞpteseuceϞolϞothetϞ
seets,ϞmyϞvisibleϞisϞcouhtmedϞasϞauϞexem¸/a·olϞaϞuuivetsalϞvisibility,Ϟ weϞtouchϞ
aϞsecoudϞotϞhgutativeϞmeauiugϞolϞvisiou,ϞwhichϞwillϞbeϞtheϞintaitasmentisotϞ
idea,ϞaϞsublimatiouϞolϞtheϞû esh,ϞwhichϞwillϞbeϞmiudϞotϞthoughtϞ. . . . Ϟ ThoughtϞ
isϞaϞtelatioushipϞwithϞouesellϞaudϞwithϞtheϞwotldϞasϞwellϞasϞaϞtelatioushipϞwithϞ
theϞ othet,Ϟ heuceϞ itϞisϞestablishedϞiuϞtheϞ thteeϞ dimeusiousϞ atϞ theϞ sameϞ time.Ϟ
AudϞ itϞ mustϞ beϞ btoughtϞtoϞ appeatϞ ditectlyϞ iuϞ theϞ iultasttuctuteϞ olϞvisiou. Ϟ
Iangsn/ΘıııЧ zo,Ч
,Metleau-loutyĜϞ ísi//eandtheIneisi//e, p. Ϟi|,,ϞslightlyϞmodih ed-Ttaus. )Ϟ, lϞ
haveϞemphasizedϞexem¸/ar.-|. D. ) Ϟ
¨lnltasttuctute¨ ĤЧ theЧwotdЧmayЧcomeЧasЧaЧsutptise. Ч DoesЧ ¨inltasttuc-
tuteЧolЧvision¨ЧmeanЧthatЧvisionЧisΘtheЧinltasttuctuteЧs¸Θ ¨thought¨ЧotЧthatЧ
¨thought¨ЧisЧalteadyЧinЧtheЧinltasttuctuteǪthete,ЧasЧ ɂnltasttuctuteЧs¸Θ ¨vi-
sion¨:ЧWhatЧlollowsЧ isЧallЧtheЧmoteЧ equivocalЧ inЧthisЧ tespect.Ч OnЧtheЧoneЧ
hand,ЧMetleau-lontyЧdelibetatelyЧleavesЧ¨inЧsuspense¨ЧtheЧquestionЧolЧwhatЧ
isЧim¸/ica/sdΘ and,Ч onЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧtheЧexampleЧolЧtheЧhandЧ comesЧ lotthЧ
withoutЧanyЧdelay,Ч immediatelyЧaġetwatd,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧɂllusttateЧwhat,ЧaЧmo-
mentЧago,ЧwasЧ tetmedЧdispetsionЧwithoutЧdispetsionЧolЧleelingЧandЧtouch-
ing.ЧlnЧotdetЧtoЧillusttateЧthisЧotЧpethaps-butЧtheteЧisЧnoЧtelling-inЧotdetЧ
toЧapptoachЧtheЧ¨inltasttuctute¨ЧthusЧ¨implicated¨.Ч
AudϞitϞ ¸thoughtĆϞ mustϞbeϞbtoughtϞtoϞappeatϞditectlyϞinϞtheϞiultasttuctuteϞolϞ
visiou. Ϟ8toughtϞtoϞappeatĜϞweϞsay,ϞaudϞuotϞbtoughtϞtoϞb΂tth.ϞlotϞweϞateϞleaviugϞ
iuϞsuspeuseϞlotϞtheϞmomeutϞtheϞquestiouϞwhethetϞitϞwouldϞuotϞbeϞalteadyϞim-
plicatedϞ thete.Ϟ MauilestϞasϞ itϞisϞthatϞleeliugϞŦsϞdispetsedϞ iuϞmyϞbody,Ϟ thatϞlotϞ
exampleϞ myϞhaudϞ touchesĜϞaudϞthatϞcousequeutlyϞweϞmayϞuotϞ iuϞ advauceϞas-
ctibeϞleeliugϞtoϞaϞthoughtϞolϞwhichϞ itϞwouldϞbeϞbutϞaϞmode-itϞyetϞwouĀdϞ beϞ
absutdϞtoϞcouceiveϞtheϞtouchϞasϞaϞcolouyϞolϞassembledϞtactileϞexpetieuces.ϞWeϞ
ateϞuotϞheteϞptoposiugϞauyϞempiticistϞgeuesisϞolϞthought.Ϟ weϞ ateϞaskiugϞpte-
ciselyϞwhatϞisϞthatϞceuttalϞvisiouϞthatϞj oiusϞtheϞscattetedϞvisious,ϞthatϞuuiqueϞ
touchϞthatϞgovetusϞtheϞwholeϞtactileϞlileϞolϞmyϞbodyϞasϞaϞuuit,ϞthatϞIthinkthatϞ
mustϞbeϞableϞtoϞaccompauyϞallϞoutϞexpetieuces.Ϟ,ibid. ĜϞp.Ϟi|,)Ϟ
LetЧ usЧ noteЧ inЧ passingЧthatЧ thisЧ hʌguteЧ olЧleelingЧ¨dispetsed¨Ч inЧ ¨myЧ
body¨ЧalteadyЧimposesЧitsellЧinЧPhsnsmsns/sgyΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn,ΘinЧtheЧcoutseЧ
olЧtheЧtich,Ч complexЧchaptetЧtitledЧ¨SenseЧExpetience,¨Ч j ustЧatЧtheЧpointЧ
wheteЧMetleau-lontyЧassettsЧthatЧ¨sensationЧisЧ/i/s·a/µΘaЧlotmЧolЧcommu-
nion¨Ч,asЧquotedЧeatliet) .Ч ¨ßecauseЧlЧknowЧthatЧtheЧlightЧsttikesЧmyЧeyes,Ч
thatЧ contactЧ isЧmadeЧbyЧtheЧskin, ЧthatЧmyЧshoeЧ huttsЧmyЧloot,ЧlЧ dispetseЧ
thtoughЧ myЧbodyЧpetceptionsЧwhichЧteallyЧbelongЧtoЧ myЧsoul,Ч andЧ putЧ
petceptionЧ intoЧtheЧthingЧpetceived¨Ч ,Metleau-lonty,Ч Phsnsmsns/sgyΘ s¸Θ
Ps·cs¸/isn,Θpp. Чziz˵ƨ;) .Ч
OneЧolЧtheЧconclusionsЧweЧcanЧunambiguouslyЧdtawЧltomЧthisЧanalysis,Ч
inЧ IhsΘlsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//s,ΘolЧhisЧ¨example¨Ч ,theЧhand,Ч¨myЧhand¨ЧasЧ
theЧhandЧolЧaЧman)Ч asЧwellЧasЧolЧtheЧdehnitionЧolЧ¨û esh, ¨ЧwhichЧwillЧnotЧ
beЧlongЧinЧcoming,ЧisЧthatЧtheseЧcanЧonlyЧteletЧthisЧthoughtЧaboutЧanЧ¨in-
ltasttuctuteЧolЧvision¨ЧtoЧaЧ¨we¨ЧmeaningЧ¨we,Чmen. ¨ЧWhatЧthenЧlollows,Ч


zi oЧ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
announcingЧandЧnamingЧtheЧconceptЧolЧûđesh,Ч couldЧnotЧbeЧsaidЧaboutЧanyЧ
otherЧ |ivingЧbeing,Ч norЧinЧanyЧotherЧwayЧexceptЧinЧtheЧhrstЧpersonЧolЧaЧhaȳ
manΘp|ural.Ч
thatϞuuiqueϞtouchϞthatϞgovetusϞtheϞwholeϞtactileϞlileϞolϞmyϞbodyϞasϞaϞuuit,ϞthatϞ
IthinkthatϞmustϞbeϞableϞtoϞaccompauyϞallϞoutϞexpetieuces.ϞWeϞ ateϞptoceed-
iugϞtowatdϞtheϞceutet,ϞweϞateϞseekiugϞtoϞ compteheudϞ howϞtheteϞisϞaϞceutet,Ϟ
whatϞtheϞuuityϞcousistsϞol,ϞweϞateϞuotϞsayiugϞthatϞitϞisϞaϞsumϞotϞaϞtesult,ϞaudϞilϞ
weϞmakeϞtheϞthoughtϞappeatϞupouϞauϞiultasttuctuteϞolϞvisiou,ϞthisϞisϞoulyϞiuϞ
vittueϞolϞtheϞuucoutestedϞevideuceϞthatϞoueϞmustϞseeϞotϞleelϞ ¸whyϞ ¨see, ¨ϞatϞ
h tst`ϞWhyϞ¨seeϞotϞleel¨`ϞWhatϞisϞtheϞvalueϞolϞthisϞ ¨ot¨`-|. ϞD. ¦ ˰iuϞ someϞwayϞiuϞ
otdetϞtoϞthiuk,ϞthatϞevetyϞthoughtϞkuowuϞtoϞ usϞoccutsϞ toϞaϞû esh. Ϟ,Metleau-
louty,Ϟ \isi//candthcIneisi//c, pp. Ϟi|,-|6)Ϟ
ltЧisЧlairlyЧobviousЧthatЧthisЧ ¨we, ¨ЧthisЧ ¨us, ¨ЧthisЧ ¨everyЧthoughtЧknownЧ
toЧusЧoccursЧ toЧaЧûįesh, ¨ЧcanЧimplyЧnothingЧbutЧ aЧ¨we,Ч men¨,Ч andЧthatЧthisЧ
conceptЧolЧûωesh,ЧolЧtheЧ¨inlrastructureЧolЧvision, ¨ЧandЧhnallyЧandЧcorrela-
tivelyЧolЧ¨world,¨Ч andЧ¨heshЧ olЧtheЧworld, ¨ЧcanЧinЧnoЧwayЧrelerЧtoЧotherЧ
¨animals, ¨ЧotherЧlivingЧbeingsǭЧ1hisЧwouldЧbeЧlessЧobviousЧilЧtheЧprecau-
tionsЧMerleau-lontyЧtakesЧtoЧwithdrawЧhisЧprojectЧlromЧsomeЧanthropol-
ogyЧwereЧmoreЧ convincʍng,Ч andЧ ʍlЧaЧ discourseЧaboutЧ theЧstatusЧ andЧ theЧ
rightsЧolЧthisЧ ¨we¨Ч-asЧwellЧ asЧ nonhumanЧorЧsupposedlyЧhandlessЧ ¨ani-
mals¨-wereЧsulh cientlyЧdeve|opedЧatЧthisЧpoint.Ч MyЧhypothesis,Ч thatЧis,Ч
thatЧ thisЧ ¨we¨Ч isЧaЧ ¨we,Ч men, ¨ЧdoesЧ notЧseemЧ toЧ beЧcontradictedЧbyЧtheЧ
veryЧ|astЧ ¨workingЧnote, ¨ЧwhichЧ announcesЧ theЧ ¨plan¨Ч olЧtheЧ bookЧ andЧ
purportsЧtoЧrejectЧ¨anyЧcompromiseЧwithЧhamanism,¨ΘandЧanyЧbeginningЧ
¨a/ΘhsminsΘasЧDescartes¨Чdid.Ч1heЧprojectedЧb|ueprintЧwouldЧhard|yЧhaveЧ
avoidedЧ suchЧ aЧ ¨compromise, ¨Ч lЧ think,Ч andЧweЧ couldЧ probab|yЧsayЧ theЧ
sameЧolЧtheЧarchitectureЧolЧPhsnsmsns/sgyΘs¸ΘPs·cs¸/isn.ΘWhileЧtheЧsecondЧ
partЧheЧannouncesЧ ĩ Nature)Ч isЧaЧ¨descriptionЧolЧtheЧmanŌanimalityЧin/s·-
/aining¨Θĩresemb|ingЧHusser|'sЧIdsasΘIIΘ preciselyЧinЧitsЧmiddleЧsection) ,ЧtheЧ
thirdЧ partЧ isЧ¨neitherЧlogic,Ч norЧteleologyЧolЧconsciousness, ¨ЧbutЧ¨aЧstudyЧ
olЧtheЧlanguageЧthatЧhasЧman. ¨ЧAЧprivi|egeЧlorЧman,Чtherelore-manЧwhoЧ
isЧthusЧcalled,Чand,ЧlromЧthisЧpointЧ on,Чcal|edЧuponЧtoЧanswerЧlorЧtheЧ/sgssΘ
/ha/ΘhsΘdsssΘns/Θhave,ЧtoЧbeЧsure,ЧbutЧ/ha/ΘhasΘhim,ΘandЧaboveЧal|,ЧwhichЧ¨isЧ
realized¨ЧsolelyЧ¨throughЧman¨ЧandЧ¨inЧmanǭ ¨ЧlnЧtruth,ЧthisЧ/sgssΘisЧnoth-
ingЧbutЧtheЧvisible.Ч¨ IhsΘ·isi//sΘhasЧtoЧbeЧdescribedЧasЧsomethingЧthatЧisЧre-
a|izedЧthroughЧ man,Ч butЧwhichЧisЧnowiseЧ _na/smsn/}ΘanthropologyЧĩhenceЧ
againstЧleuerbachŌMarxЧů?||) ¨ Чĩibid. ,Чpǭ Чz/|) . Ч
`
Iangsn/ΘIIIΘ zů ů Ч
l s Чi t ЧenoughЧt oЧassettЧit:ЧDoesn'tЧthisЧ¨nowise¨Ч ¸na//smsn/΍Θ haveЧtheЧen-
etgyЧ olЧaЧ denial :Ч HowЧ canЧ somethingЧ ¨beЧ desctibed¨Ч thatЧ ¨isЧ tealizedЧ
thtoughЧman¨ЧwithoutЧotЧbeyondЧanЧ¨anthtopo-logy¨:ЧŮЧanthtopoŌƭĴΛ:Ч
EspeciallyЧilЧwhatЧisЧthusЧ·sa/izsdΘ¨thtoughЧman¨ЧandЧʷinЧman¨ЧisЧpteciselyЧ
Logos,ЧtheЧWotd:ЧƻsingЧanothetЧ¨nowise,¨ЧMetleau-lontyЧlutthetЧspeaksЧ
olЧ¨LogosЧalsoЧasЧwhatЧisЧtealizedЧinЧman,Ч butЧnowiseЧ ¸na//smsn/ſΘ asЧ hisЧ
¸·s¸s·/¸¨Θ,ibid. , Чpģ Чz
/|) ̄ ŚĊЧ
ltЧisЧtheteloteЧalwaysЧinЧtheЧlotmЧolЧaЧdenial-aЧlaitlyЧunconvincingЧde-
nial-thatЧMetleauŨlontyЧptotestsЧagainstЧanЧ anthtopologicalЧintetpteta-
tionЧolЧhisЧdesign.Ч lotЧexample,ЧwhenЧheЧundettakesЧtoЧdemonsttateЧthatЧ
¨ ¸w͇ henЧweЧ speakЧolЧtheЧHeshЧ olЧtheЧvisible,ЧweЧdoЧnotЧmeanЧ toЧ doЧ an-
thtopology,ЧtoЧdesctibeЧaЧwotldЧcovetedЧovetЧwithЧallЧoutЧownЧptojections¨Ч
andЧ¨itЧisЧindeedЧtheЧpatadoxЧolЧßei ng,Ч notЧaЧpatadoxЧolЧman,ЧthatЧweЧateЧ
dealingЧwithЧhete¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч Ƹ;6) , ЧoneЧolЧhisЧatgumentsЧleadsЧtoЧhands,Чsa·Θ
handsĤЧ¨ĕesЧotЧnoĤЧdoЧweЧhaveЧaЧbody-thatЧis,ЧnotЧaЧpetmanentЧobjectЧolЧ
thought,Ч butЧaЧûʕeshЧthatЧsulletsЧwhenЧitЧisЧwoundedǩЧhandsЧthatЧtouch:Ч
WeЧ knowĤЧhandsЧdoЧnotЧsulhěceЧlotЧtouch-butЧtoЧdecideЧlotЧthisЧteasonЧ
ͫloneЧthatЧoutЧhandsЧdoЧnotЧtouch,ЧandЧtoЧtelegateЧthemЧtoЧtheЧwotldЧolЧob-
jectsЧotЧolЧinsttuments,ЧwouldЧbe,ЧinЧacquiescingЧtoЧtheЧbilutcationЧolЧsub-
jectЧandЧobject,ЧtoЧlotegoЧinЧadvanceЧtheЧundetstandingЧolЧtheЧsensibleЧandЧ
toЧdeptiveЧoutselvesЧolЧitsЧlights¨Ч,ibid. , Чpź Чi;/) . Ч
WhatЧ makesЧ teadingЧMetleauŨlontyЧs o ЧttoublesomeЧ ,lotЧ me) :Ч WhatЧ
makesЧtheЧintetptetationЧolЧhisЧmodeЧolЧphilosophicalЧ wtitingЧaЧthingЧatЧ
onceЧpassionatelyЧexcitingЧandЧdilh cult,ЧyetЧalsoЧittitatingЧotЧdisappoint-
ingЧatЧtimes:ЧltЧmayЧbeЧthis,ЧinЧaЧwotdĤЧweЧteencountetЧtheЧmovementЧthatЧ
weЧhadЧevoked-thisЧexpetienceЧolЧcoincidenceЧai/hΘnoncoincidence,ЧtheЧ
coincidenceЧolЧcoincidenceЧai/hΘnoncoincidence-ttanslettedЧtoЧtheЧ ot-
detЧolЧ,inconsequential)ЧconsequenceЧotЧ,intettupted)ЧcontinuityЧinЧphilo-
sophicalЧdiscoutses,ЧandЧinЧaЧwayЧthatЧisЧnotЧalwaysЧ dȊachtonicŧloll ow-
ingЧ theЧ evolutionЧotЧmutationЧolЧaЧwayЧolЧthinking-butЧsynchtonousЧatЧ
times.ЧShallЧweЧgiveЧtheЧphilosophetЧcteditЧlotЧthis,ЧasЧlЧamЧoltenЧtemptedЧ
toЧdo,Чot,Ч onЧ theЧconttaty,Ч tegtetЧthatЧheЧwasЧ unableЧ toЧ cattyЧoutЧaЧmoteЧ
powetlulЧtelotmalizationЧolЧhisЧdiscoutseЧinЧotdetЧtoЧthematizeЧandЧthinkЧ
theЧlawЧundetЧwhichЧheЧwasЧthusЧplacingЧhimsell-always,ЧinΘŊ˹/,ΘandЧallЧ
thingsЧconsideted,Ч¸·s¸··ingΘ¨coincidence¨Ч,olЧcoincidenceЧwithЧnoncoin-
cidence)Ч toЧ ¨noncoincidence¨Ч ,olЧcoincidenceЧwithЧnoncoincidence) :ЧLetЧ
usЧtemainЧwithЧoutЧlavotedЧsubjects,ЧasЧtheyЧateЧtteatedЧinЧIhsΘlisi//sΘandΘ
/hsΘIn·isi//s,ΘandЧgiveЧaЧlewЧexamplesЧolЧthisź Ч
-
.
|
2I 2 Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
Pa·/q,Θ onЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧweЧcanЧtecognizeЧanЧ incteasingЧinsistenceЧonЧ
sell-inadequation,Чdehiscences,Чhssions,Чintettuptions,Чincompletion,ЧandЧ
theЧvisibleЧbodĿЧopenlĿЧgaping,ЧasЧwellЧasЧhiatuses,Чeclipses,ЧtheЧinaccessiʨ
bilitĿЧolЧthisЧ plenitudeЧ otЧthisЧ tevetsibility,Ч thisЧpute,Ч sensibleЧ teûexivitĿ,Ч
whichЧalwaĿsЧtemainsЧimminsn/Θ,andЧthenЧtheЧquestionЧwillЧalwaĿsЧtemain.Ч
whatЧcountsЧmoteŃЧisЧitЧimminence,ЧalwaĿsЧinЧsuspense,ЧotЧthatЧaŒetЧwhichЧ
imminenceЧ isЧ chasing,Ч dtivingЧ itЧ andЧ keepingЧ itЧ evetЧ disappointedЧ andЧ
bteathless:ЧltomЧwheteЧisЧoneЧtoЧdepatt:ЧWithЧwhatЧisЧoneЧtoЧpatt:ЧWhatЧisЧ
imminence:ЧWhatЧcountsЧmostЧinЧit:ЧWhatЧtheЧimminenceЧexpects,ЧotЧtheЧ
lactЧthatЧitЧisЧdoomedЧlotevetЧtoЧwait,ЧtoЧwaitЧinЧvain:). ЧWeЧ canЧevenЧtecog-
nizeЧhisЧadmissionЧthatЧheЧhadЧonceЧspokenЧ¨summatilĿЧolЧaЧtevetsibilityЧolЧ
theЧseeingЧandЧtheЧvisible,ЧolЧtheЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧtouched¨Ч-andЧtheЧtwoЧ
ateЧnowЧputЧonЧtheЧsameЧplane,Ч appatentlĿ.Ч AndЧthisЧisЧtheЧvetĿЧdehnitionЧ
olЧƘeshЧbĿЧwaĿЧolЧtheЧtecuttingЧhgutesЧolЧcsi/ingΘandЧsnc·saching.Θ
OuceϞ agaiu,Ϟ theϞheshϞweϞateϞspeakiugϞolϞisϞ uotϞmattet.Ϟ ltϞisϞtheϞcoiliugϞovetϞolϞ
theϞ visibleϞ upouϞ theϞ seeiugϞ body,Ϟ olϞtheϞ taugibleϞ upouϞ theϞ touchiugϞ body,Ϟ
whichϞisϞattestedϞ iuϞ patticulatϞwheuϞ theϞ bodyϞseesϞitsell,Ϟ touchesϞitsellϞseeiugϞ
audϞ touchiugϞ theϞ thiugs,Ϟ suchϞ that,Ϟ simultaueously,Ϟ astaugibleϞ itϞ desceudsϞ
amougϞthem,ϞH touchiugϞitϞdomiuatesϞthemϞallϞaudϞdtawsϞthisϞtelatioushipϞaudϞ
eveuϞthisϞ doubleϞtelatioushipϞltomϞitsell,Ϟ byϞdehisceuceϞotϞh ssiouϞolϞitsϞowuϞ
massϞ. . . Ϟ asϞthoughϞtheϞvisibleϞbodyϞtemaiuedϞiucomplete,ϞgapiugϞopeuϞ. . . . Ϟ ToϞ
begiuϞwith,ϞweϞ spokeϞsummatilyϞolϞaϞtevetsibilityϞolϞtheϞseeiugϞaudϞtheϞvisible,Ϟ
olϞtheϞtouchiugϞaudϞtheϞtouched.ϞltϞisϞtimeϞtoϞemphasizeϞthatϞitϞisϞaϞtevetsibil-
ityϞalwaysϞ immiueutϞaudϞuevetϞtealizedϞiuϞlact.ϞMyϞlenϞhaudϞisϞalwaysϞouϞtheϞ
vetgeϞolϞtouchiugϞmyϞtightϞhaudϞtouchiugϞtheϞthiugs,ϞbutϞlϞuevetϞteachϞcoiuci-
deuceśϞ theϞcoiucideuceϞeclipsesϞatϞtheϞ momeutϞolϞtealizatiou,ϞaudϞoueϞolϞtwoϞ
thiugsϞ alwaysϞ occutsĚϞ eithetϞ myϞ tightϞ haudϞ teallyϞ passesϞ ovetϞ toϞ theϞ taukϞolϞ
touched,ϞbutϞtheuϞitsϞholdϞouϞtheϞwotldϞisϞiutettupted,ϞotϞitϞtetaiusϞitsϞholdϞouϞ
theϞwotld,ϞbutϞtheuϞlϞdoϞuotϞteallyϞtouchϞiɹȠmyϞtightϞhaudϞtouchiug,ϞlϞ pal-
pateϞwithϞmyϞ|eltϞhaudϞoulyϞitsϞoutetϞcovetiug.ϞLikewise,ϞlϞ doϞuotϞheatϞmysellϞ
asϞ lϞ heatϞtheϞothetsϞ. . . Ϟ lϞ amϞalwaysϞouϞtheϞsameϞsideϞolϞmyϞbodyϞ. . . Ϟ thisϞiu-
cessautϞescapiugϞ _déro/adc],ϞthisϞimpoteucyϞtoϞsupetposeϞexactlyϞupouϞ oueϞau-
othetϞ theϞ touchiugϞolϞtheϞ thiugsϞ byϞmyϞtightϞ haudϞ audϞtheϞtouchiugϞolϞthisϞ
sameϞ tightϞhaudϞbyϞmyϞleltϞ haud,Ϟ otϞtoϞsupetpose,ϞiuϞtheϞ explotatotyϞ move-
meutsϞolϞtheϞhaud,ϞtheϞtactileϞexpetieuceϞolϞaϞpoiutϞaudϞthatϞolϞtheϞ¨same¨ϞpoiutϞ
aϞmomeutϞlatet,ϞotϞtheϞauditotyϞexpetieuceϞolϞmyϞowuϞvoiceϞaudϞthatϞolϞothetϞ
voices-thatϞ|sϞ uotϞaϞlailuteϞ. . . Ϟ thisϞ hiatusϞbetweeuϞmyϞ tightϞhaudϞtouchedϞ
audϞmyϞtightϞhaudϞtouchiug,ϞbetweeuϞmyϞvoiceϞheatdϞaudϞmyϞvoiceϞutteted,Ϟ
betweeuϞoueϞmomeutϞolϞmyϞtactileϞlileϞaudϞtheϞlollowiugϞoue,Ϟ isϞuotϞauϞoutoĄ
Iangsn/ΘIII 2I)
logicalϞ void,Ϟ aϞ uou-beiugǬϞ itϞisϞ spauuedϞ ¸en¡am/é] byϞtheϞ totalϞ beiugϞolϞmyϞ
bodyŘϞ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ i|6-|?)ʼn
ǥϞ
WeЧshouldЧthusЧbeЧthinkingЧa/Θ/hsΘsamsΘ/ims,Θsima//anssasq,Θ thisЧspan-
ningЧ¸sn¸am/smsn/¦Θ ¨byЧtheЧtotalЧbeingЧolЧmyЧbody, ¨ЧandЧtheЧwholeЧintet-
tuptionЧ olЧwhat,Ч ptecisely,Ч letsЧ itsellЧbeЧneithetЧ¨spanned¨Ч notЧ totalized,Ч
completed,ЧotЧtehectedȞЧ1hisЧa/Θ/hsΘsamsΘ/imsΘbelongsЧtoЧtheЧvetyЧexpeti-
ence-itsellЧdisjoinedЧandЧsynthetic-olЧimminsncsΘandЧ¸·sssn/imsn/.Θlot,Ч
j ustЧasЧMetleau-lontyЧnotesЧolЧthisЧimminentЧtevetsibilityЧthatЧnevetЧhap-
pensЧthatЧitЧalwaysЧmiscatties,ЧheЧlikewiseЧnonethelessЧmaintainsЧtheЧpos-
sibilityЧotЧvittualityЧolЧaЧsynthesisЧonЧtheЧscoteЧolЧaЧ¨ptesentiment¨ЧotЧleel-
ingЧolЧimminence. ƤƒЧ1hisЧnoncoincidenceЧasЧevet-imminentЧcoincidence,Ч
thisЧ ittevetsibilityЧthatЧ isЧ alwaysЧ onЧtheЧvetgeЧolЧbecomingЧ tehexiveЧ te-
vetsibility,Ч isЧwhatЧMetleau-lontyЧdesctibesЧatЧwotkЧinЧvisionЧasΘas//ΘasΘinЧ
touch,ЧandЧheЧsometimesЧputsЧtheЧtwoЧonЧexactlyЧtheЧsameЧplane,Чj ustЧasЧ
heЧptoposesЧthatЧtheЧsituationЧolЧtheЧuntouchableЧisЧtigotouslyЧandЧlitet-
allyЧanalogousЧtoЧ theЧsituationЧ olЧtheЧinvisible.Ч1heЧuntouchableЧisЧnotЧaЧ
possibleЧ,otЧonlyЧ¨inΘ¸c/Θinaccessible¨)Чtangible,ЧnotЧͬnyЧmoteЧthanЧtheЧin-
visible,ЧasЧweЧtecall,ЧisЧ¨anЧs/hs·Θ·isi//sΘpossible, 'Ч otЧaЧpossible'ЧvisibleЧlotЧ
anЧothet¨ŃЧ
ToϞtouchϞ audϞtoϞ touchϞ ouesellϞ,toϞ touchϞ ouesellϞ¬ touched-touchiug) .ϞTheyϞ
doϞuotϞcoiucideϞiuϞtheϞbody.ϞtheϞtouchiugϞisϞuevetϞexactlyϞtheϞtouched.ϞThisϞ
doesϞuotϞmeauϞthatϞtheyϞcoiucideϞ¨iuϞtheϞmiud¨ϞotϞatϞtheϞlevelϞolϞ¨couscious-
uess. ŪϞSomethiugϞelseϞthauϞtheϞbodyϞisϞueededϞlotϞtheϞƤuuctiouϞtoϞbeϞmadeƕϞitϞ
takesϞplaceϞiuϞtheϞantoacha//e.ThatϞolϞtheϞothetϞwhichϞlϞwillϞuevetϞtouch.Ϟ8utϞ
whatϞlϞwillϞuevetϞtouch,ϞheϞdoesϞuotϞtouchϞeithet,ϞuoϞptivilegeϞolϞouesellϞovetϞ
theϞothetϞhete,ϞitϞisϞtheteloteϞ uotϞ theϞconscioasnessthatϞisϞ theϞ uutouchableʁ
¨TheϞcousciousuess¨ϞwouldϞbeϞsomethiugϞpositive,ϞaudϞwithϞtegatdϞtoϞitϞtheteϞ
wouldϞtecommeuce,ϞdoesϞtecommeuce,ϞtheϞdualityϞolϞtheϞ teŤectiugϞaudϞtheϞ
tehected,ϞlikeϞthatϞolϞtheϞtouchiugϞaudϞtheϞtouched.ϞTheϞuutouchableϞisϞuotϞaϞ
touchableϞiuϞlactϞiuaccessibleĦtheϞuucousciousϞisϞuotϞaϞtepteseutatiouϞiuϞlactϞ
iuaccessibleϞ. . . . Ϟ TheϞuutouchableϞ,audϞalsoϞtheϞiuvisible.ϞlotϞtheϞsameϞaualy-
sisϞcauϞbeϞtepeatedϞlotϞvisiouϞ. . ĕ Ϟ,ibid. , Ϟp.Ϟ z,¡)
Metleau-lontyЧ nevetЧ closedЧ theЧ patenthesis,Ч asЧ ńlaudeЧ ņelottЧ notedЧ
whenЧheЧeditedЧthisЧtext,ЧwhichЧisЧsoЧtematkable,ЧsoЧlatЧtemovedЧltomЧallЧ
thoseЧwithЧwhichЧweЧ began.Ч1heЧpatenthesisЧtemainsЧunclosed,Ч uponЧanЧ
analysisЧthatЧgoesЧon,Ч onЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧtheЧvisible,ЧandЧthatЧlЧshouldЧhaveЧ
quotedЧandЧcloselyЧanalyzedЧinΘsx/snss.Θ
¡
2Iq Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ĀF/ssh"Θ
WhatЧ doesЧ Metleau-lontyЧ designateЧ byЧ ¨somethingЧ elseЧ thanЧ theЧ
body,¨Ч thatЧisЧ notЧtheЧmindЧotЧconsciousness:ЧWeЧ shallЧ nevetЧbeЧclosetЧtoЧ
whatЧNancy-theЧ NancyЧwhoЧwtoteЧ ǖs·¸as-heteЧshatesЧwithЧMetleauЕ
lonty,ЧnotЧclosetЧtoЧtheЧbeginningЧoutlineЧolЧothetЧshatings,Чptoximities,Ч
andЧpattitions. Ч
lot,Ч¸a·/µ,ΘonЧtheЧothetЧhand,ЧMetleau-lonty-inЧtheЧsameЧpassageƱ
intendsЧtoЧtetainЧtheЧ¨j unction¨,Ч andЧinЧwhatЧimmediatelyЧlollowsЧwithinЧ
theЧpatenthesisЧleŒЧopen,ЧasЧinЧsoЧmanyЧothetЧplacesЧolЧthisЧplannedЧbook,Ч
theЧ¨contactЧ. . . Ч withЧss¡¨Θteappeats,ЧasЧwellЧasЧ¨indivision, ¨ЧandЧaЧspecu-
latityЧthat,ЧthtoughЧ¨hssion, ¨ЧptoducesЧ¨onlyЧaЧmoteЧptoloundЧadhesionЧtoЧ
SelŲ¨ЧTheЧschemaЧolЧtheЧ¨cotpotealЧschema¨Ч isЧasЧ uni¦ingЧandЧsyntheticЧ
asЧaЧKanЧ tianЧschema.Ч
thisϞmovemeutϞisϞeutitelyϞwoveuϞoutϞolϞcoutactsϞwithϞmeϞ. . . . Ϟ TheϞcotpotealϞ
schemaϞwouldϞuotϞbeϞaϞschemailϞitϞweteϞuotϞthisϞcoutactϞolϞseqwithϞseq,whichϞ
isϞtathetϞnon-dq rence) ,commouϞpteseutatiouϞtoϞ . Ǎ . Θ 7ɪΘ
TheϞ heshϞ olϞtheϞ wotldϞ ,theϞ ¨quale¨)Ϟ isϞ iudivisiouϞ olϞthisϞ seusibleϞ 8eiugϞ
thatϞ lϞ amϞ audϞallϞ theϞ testϞ whichϞ leelsϞ itsellϞ¸sesent] iuϞ me,Ϟ pleasute-tealityϞ
iudivisiou-
TheϞûeshϞisamirror¸henomenonť . . Ŧ Θ ToϞ touchϞouesell,ϞtoϞseeϞouesell,ϞisϞtoϞ
obtaiuϞ suchϞaϞspeculatϞexttactϞolϞouesell.Ϟ l . e. Ϟ hssiouϞ olϞappeatauceϞ audϞ 8e-
i ug-aϞh ssiouϞthatϞalteadyϞtakesϞplaceϞiuϞtheϞtouchϞ,dualiɺyϞolϞtheϞtouchiugϞ
audϞtheϞtouched)Ϟ audϞwhich,ϞwithϞtheϞmittotϞ, Natcissus)Ϟ isϞoulyϞaϞmoteϞpto-
louudϞadhesionϞtoϞSell.Ϟ ,ibid. ,Ϟpp.Ϟz,,ˌ,6)Ϟ
AndЧaboveЧallɗ ЧtheЧlogicЧolЧthisЧ¨exttact¨ЧleadsЧback-teassettingЧit-toЧ
thisЧexemplatityЧolЧtheЧhandЧandЧtheЧhȋnget,ЧimpottingЧwithЧit,ЧinЧtheЧthink-
ingЧ olЧHesh,Ч theЧwholeЧ discutsiveЧ machineЧthatЧweЧ ateЧ questioningЧ heteЧ
undetЧtheЧheadingЧhumanualism.Ч
lotЧexampleЧ ˡoneЧmonthЧ eatliet) ,Ч adj ustmentЧ andЧ teciptocityЧgovetnЧ
evetythingĤЧ
OueϞwouldϞheteϞhaveϞtoϞstudyϞiuϞwhatϞseuseϞtheϞothetĔsϞseusotialityϞisϞimpli-
catedϞiuϞmyϞowu.ϞtoϞleelϞmyϞeyesϞisϞtoϞleelϞthatϞtheyϞateϞthteateuedϞwithϞbe-
iugϞseeu-8utϞtheϞcottelatiouϞisϞuotϞalwaysϞthusϞolϞtheϞseeiugϞwithϞtheϞseeu,Ϟ
otϞolϞspeakiugϞwithϞheatiug. ϞmyϞhauds,ϞmyϞlaceϞateϞalsoϞolϞtheϞvisible.ϞTheϞ
caseϞolϞteciptocityϞ,seeiugϞseeu) ,Ϟ ,touchiugϞtouchedϞiuϞtheϞhaudshake)ϞisϞtheϞ
majotϞaudϞpetlecɺϞcase,ϞwheteϞȎΝeteЧisϞqaasi-re)ection ,Ein¸üh/ang) ,Ineinan-
der,theϞgeuetalϞcaseϞisϞtheϞadj ustmeutϞolϞaϞvisibleϞlotϞmeϞtoϞaϞtaugibleϞlotϞmeϞ
Iangsn/ΘıııЧ ňƒ
ǦϞ
audϞolϞthisϞvisibleϞlotϞmeϞtoϞaϞvisibleϞlotϞtheϞothet-,lotϞexample,ϞmyϞhaud) .Ϟ
,ibid. , Ϟp.Ϟ z|,)Ϟ
OtЧagain,ЧaЧlewЧmonthsЧlatet,ЧthisЧpointЧolЧtheЧchiasmusЧwheteЧnothingЧ
seemsЧtoЧcountЧbutЧteciptocity.Ч¨SoЧalsoЧtheЧtouched-touching.Ч1hisЧsttuc-
tuteЧexistsЧinЧoneЧsoleЧotganŘ1heЧûđ eshЧolЧmyЧhngetsЧ " eachЧolЧthemЧisЧ
phenomenalЧh ngetЧandЧobjectiveЧhnget,ЧoutsideЧandЧinsideЧolЧtheЧhǙngetЧinЧ
teciptocity,Ч inЧchiasm,ЧactivityЧandЧpassivityЧcoupledĻЧ1heЧoneЧenctoachesЧ
uponЧtheЧothet,ЧtheyЧateЧinЧaЧtelationЧolЧtealЧoppositionЧ,ȫant)-LocalЧss¡Θ
olЧtheЧhnget.Ч itsЧspaceЧisЧleltčleeling¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч ňǨƒĥ .Ϟ
ltЧwouldЧ beЧunlaitЧandЧviolentЧtoЧteachЧaЧconclusionЧheteЧandЧcloseЧtheЧ
atgumentЧ uponЧtheЧtesetvationsЧthatЧthisЧ exemplatityЧolЧtheЧhand,ЧwithЧallЧ
thatЧitЧimplies,Ч inspites.Ч SuchЧ aЧ closingЧ wouldЧ beЧ unwotthyЧ olЧwhatЧ te-
mainsЧ openЧ andЧ atЧ wotkЧ inЧ pagesЧ soЧ sttong,Ч soЧ alive,Ч whichЧ haveЧ con-
ttibutedЧsoЧmuchЧtoЧopenЧaЧpathwayЧlotЧtheЧthinkingЧolЧitsЧtime,ЧandЧoutЧ
time.ЧWeЧ shallЧptoceedЧbyЧquestioningЧ,alwaysЧlollowingЧNancyșsЧ ttacks) ,Ч
thisЧ time,Ч thisЧ ĸothetŗsЧ sensotialityЧ. . . Ч implicatedЧ inЧ myЧown¨Ч andЧ thisЧ
¨ctystallizationЧolЧtheЧimpossible¨ЧthatЧseemsЧtoЧsignЧtheЧvetyЧlastЧnotesЧinЧ
IhsΘlisi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//sΘ,MatchЧiĘǨƒƱ ̏Ϟ
TheϞ deh uitiouϞ olϞtheϞ intaitas mentis, louudedϞ ouϞ aualogyϞwithϞ visiouϞ. . . . Ϟ
ThisϞaualysisϞolϞvisiouϞisϞtoϞbeϞcompletelyϞtecousidetedϞ,itϞptesupposesϞwhatϞisϞ
iuϞquestiou. Ϟ theϞthiugϞi tsell)-ltϞdoesϞ uotϞseeϞ thatϞtheϞvisiouϞ isϞ tele-visiou,Ϟ
ttausceudeuce,ϞctystallizatiouϞolϞtheϞimpossible.Ϟ
Cousequeutly,Ϟ theϞaualysisϞolϞtheϞintaitasmentisalsoϞhasϞtoϞbeϞdoueϞovet.Ϟ
theteϞisϞuoϞiudiv|sibleϞbyϞthought,ϞuoϞsimpleϞuatuteϞ. . . Ϟ allϞtheseϞateϞ¨hgutes¨Ϟ
olϞthoughtϞ audϞtheϞ¨gtouudŪϞotϞ¨hotizou¨Ϟ hasϞ uotϞ beeuϞtakeuϞiutoϞaccouut.Ϟ
,ibid. , Ϟp. Ϟz;,)Ϟ
§ 1Cĕ Åan_cnt !N
7ngcnc, cnd Ccntingcnc¡ 1. Ihc ¨qucsticn
c¸ tcchnics¨ cnd thc ¨c¡crics¨ c¸ F/csh
·
¨(ccntcct
·
ct bcttcm) ¨
ßeloreЧoutliningЧaЧnewЧtangentialЧtraj ectory,Ч itЧmayЧbeЧappropriateЧlorce-
ĐllyЧtoЧ recallЧaЧprimaryЧconcern,ЧilЧnotЧtheЧonlyЧoneŎ ЧßecauseЧitЧseemsЧoutЧ
olЧreachЧtoЧmeЧandЧmoreoverЧolЧlittleЧinterest,ЧlЧamЧnotЧpreparingЧtheЧargu-
mentsЧ olЧaЧcriticalЧ debate,Ч evenЧlessЧ aЧpolemicaȌЧone,ЧbetweenЧ allЧtheЧ¨con-
temporary¨ЧwaysЧolЧthinkingЧaboutЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧthatЧlЧ amЧsimply,Ч inЧ
gratitude,Ч tryingЧ toЧ identi¦ŎЧ ltЧisЧ ratherЧ aЧ questionЧ olЧbeginningЧtimidlyЧ
toЧorientЧmysellЧinsideЧaЧʒndЧolЧmovement-orЧratherЧ/·sndΘ_msa·ancs} .Θ
WȽenЧtheЧgroundЧshiŒs,ЧitЧtendsЧtoЧproduceЧsolidarities,ЧaƗnities,Чhliations,Ч
attractions,Чmirages,ЧatЧleast,ЧolЧmagneticЧhelds,ЧtogetherЧwithЧitsЧdivergences,Ч
itsЧlinesЧolЧlracture,ЧwhichЧmayЧbeЧvirtual,ЧitsЧhssuresЧorЧitsЧdislocationsŎЧ
AЧ¨trend¨ЧandЧnotЧaЧpathЧorЧlineЧolЧthinking-lorЧthisЧlatterЧhgureЧaȌsoЧ
comesЧwithЧneo-HeideggerianЧorЧpretechnicaȌЧcsnns/a/isns,Θnow,ЧatЧtheЧveryЧ
pointЧwhereЧsomehowЧtakingЧintoЧaccountЧtechnics,ЧtheЧ/schnëΘs¸Θ/sdiss,Θ orЧ
scs/schnicsΘmayЧdeliverЧtoЧusЧaЧcriterionЧlorЧcertainЧdiscrepanciesЧbetweenЧ
theЧdi
Ȇ
erentЧmotilsЧolЧthisЧtrend.ЧAndЧitЧisЧĐrthermoreЧaЧ¨trend¨ЧolЧthink-
ingЧandЧnotЧaЧ¨held¨ЧorЧ¨context, ¨ЧsoЧasЧ toЧavoidЧtheЧriskЧolЧaddingЧtoЧtheЧ
connotationsЧthatЧlЧhaveЧj ustЧrecalledЧaЧhypothesisЧlЧ holdЧtoЧbeЧquestion-
ableŃЧitЧisЧtheЧhypothesisЧolЧaЧhistoricaϊЧspaceЧwithЧaЧstrictlyЧdeterminable,Ч
objectiviĵableЧcontour,ЧaЧspaceЧwithЧitsЧunity,Ч theЧsell-contactЧolЧsomeЧsell-
identity,Ч anЧinsideЧandЧoutside,ЧinЧaЧword,ЧtheЧwholeЧobjectiveЧsetЧolЧaЧcon-
hguration,ЧaЧ¨paradigm¨ЧorЧanЧs¸is/ëmƍΘaЧsetЧthatЧwouldЧnotЧbeЧstructurallyЧ
open-asЧlЧbelieveЧitЧremainsЧlorever-andЧthatЧlromЧthenЧ on,Ч crouchingЧ
onЧtheЧlrontЧlines,ЧcouldЧoccasionaȌlyЧbecomeЧaЧbattleheldЧ,Kam¸̜//z)Θ andЧ
aЧheldЧolЧappropriationЧinЧtheЧgoodЧorЧbadЧtraditionЧwithЧwhichЧlЧ wouldЧ
likeЧtoЧbreakЧhere.Ч
z16ĕ

Ingsn/ΘIlΘ 2I ,
1heЧmovementЧolЧ anЧopenЧttend,Чthetelote̝ЧinЧaЧmobileЧitsellЧcomposedЧ
olЧmultiple,ЧnoЧdoubtЧcountless,Чmotives,ЧlЧamЧttyingЧtoЧisolateЧaЧlewЧmo-
tils-justЧ aЧ lew-andЧ toЧ stabilizeЧ themЧ ptovisionally̞Ч whatЧ ateЧ calledЧ
¨wotkingЧhypotheses, ¨ЧattivedЧatЧheteЧ usingЧtheЧattihceЧolЧanЧ absttactionЧ
lotЧwhichЧlЧ mustЧconlessЧthatЧlЧhaveЧnoЧimpeccableЧj ustihcation,Ч andЧlotЧ
whichЧlЧcannotЧanswetЧinЧanЧabsolutelyЧtesponsibleЧlashion. ЧMyЧtesponsi-
bility,Ч ilЧtheteЧlЧhaveЧany,ЧmetitsЧtheЧlollowingЧleebleЧexplanationɥ ЧsuchЧateЧ
theЧ matketsЧ thatЧateЧhelpingЧtoЧotientЧme,Ч mysell,ЧlotЧtheЧ timeЧ being,Ч inЧ
anЧultimatelyЧcontingentЧway.Ч1hese,ЧinЧshott,ЧateЧЀheЧsignalsЧwithЧwhich,Ч
sweptЧalongЧbyЧthisЧttend,ЧinЧaЧvetyЧspecihcЧplace,ЧwhichЧisЧnotЧaЧmeteЧob-
setvationЧpost,Ч lЧamЧsomewhatЧlamiliat.Ч
CettainЧwtitings,ЧasЧitЧhappensŪЧWhich·ЧWell ,ЧtheyЧateЧtheЧonesЧlЧamЧgo-
ingЧtoЧcite,ЧnoЧlessЧthanЧtheЧonesЧlЧhaveЧalteadyЧcited,ЧandЧthatЧlЧwasЧledЧtoЧ
tead,ЧalwaysЧpassionately,Ч ptohƁtably,Ч andЧwithЧadmitationЧ ,thoseЧateЧ myЧ
htstЧctitetia) .Ч Nevettheless,Ч whatЧwouldЧlЧdoЧilЧlЧ alsoЧhadЧtoЧttyЧtoЧj usti¦Ч
myЧchsicsΘolЧtheseЧtextsЧinЧaЧmoteЧconvincedЧandЧconvincingЧway·ЧWhatЧilЧ
lЧ alsoЧhadЧtoЧ legitimizeЧmyЧwayЧolЧotganizingЧmyЧteadingЧolЧthem, ЧandЧ
theitЧcoƠappeatanceЧotЧconhgutation,ЧwithinЧtheЧinevitableЧandЧunlaitЧse-
lectionЧptocessЧthatЧtheЧsettingЧupЧolЧaЧpatticulatЧpetspectiveЧdoesn't-evetЧ
-lailЧtoЧimposeЧonЧ theЧsetupЧ olЧaЧpatticulatЧintetptetation·Ч lЧ mightЧ in-
vokeЧtheЧtuleЧassignedЧbyЧanЧimplicitЧ¨conttact, ¨ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧtheЧlawЧolЧ
thisЧbook,ЧOnΘ IĮaching-̷san-LacΘNanƆ.Θ
1hetelote,ЧinЧthisЧ placeЧ alongЧtheЧttajectoty,Ч lЧshallЧttyЧtoЧotientЧmysellЧ
towatdЧcettainЧ books, ЧinЧkeepingЧwithЧwhatЧhasЧ beenЧannounced.Ч OnceЧ
again,Ч whichЧateЧthey·Ч1heyЧateЧsomeЧolЧthoseЧ onЧtheЧ ltenchЧ andЧ ¨con-
tempotaty¨ЧsideЧolЧtheЧsaidЧttendЧthatЧconcetnЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouchЧ¨today, ¨Ч
otЧateЧpattiallyЧotЧtotallyЧoccupiedЧbyЧthisЧ /hsmsΘasΘsach.Θ lЧ shallЧcullЧthisЧ
themeЧinЧthemЧmysell-inЧ keepingЧwithЧ theЧattih ceЧthatЧlЧhaveЧj ustЧad-
mittedЧto,ЧilЧnotЧj ustihed-theteЧwheteЧtheseЧwotksЧthemselvesЧhaveЧitЧoutЧ
withЧtheЧlegaciesЧthatЧhaveЧcomeЧintoЧquestionЧuntilЧnow,ЧpteciselyЧaboutЧ
thisЧptivilegedЧmotilЧolЧtouching,Ч atЧleastЧtoЧ theЧsomewhatЧuncettainЧex-
tent,ЧnoЧdoubtЧ,andЧthisЧisЧtheЧheattЧolЧtheЧquestion) ,Ч thatЧoneЧmayЧiden-
ti¦Ч thisЧ motil,Ч andЧ dissociateЧ andЧ measuteЧ it,Ч inЧ theЧ vetyЧplaceЧ wheteЧ
NancyЧtemindsЧusЧthatЧ¨theteЧisЧnoЧthe'Ч senseЧolЧtouch. ¨Ч
lnЧaЧspaceЧitsellЧopenЧandЧinsatutable,ЧtheseЧ¨legacies¨ЧwouldЧsttetchƱ
toЧciteЧtheЧdepatted-ltomЧllato,ЧAtistotle,Ч llotinus,Ч andЧtheЧ GospelsЧ toЧ
KantЧandЧHussetl,ЧandЧsoЧon, ЧltomЧDescattes,Чßetkeley,Ч DidetotЧotЧMaineЧ
deЧßitanЧtoЧɶavaisson,Чßetgson,ЧLevinas,ЧMetleau˶lontyЧandЧDeleuze,ЧandЧ
zi ?Ч Exsm¸/·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
soЧon. ЧɸhisЧlistЧolЧnamesЧisЧlatЧltomЧbeingЧhnalЧotЧenclosable,ЧandЧweЧshallЧ
haveЧtheЧoppottunityЧtoЧspeci¦Чthis.Чņatet,ЧAquinasЧotЧ|ohnЧolЧtheЧCtoss,Ч
lotЧexample,ЧwillЧappeatЧinЧit.Ч
OneЧcanЧhatdlyЧisolateЧHussetlianЧphenomenologyЧinЧtheЧttendЧolЧtheseЧ
legaciesЧotЧhliations,ЧtoЧbeЧsute.ЧßyЧtheЧlewЧsignsЧthatЧweЧhaveЧgathetedЧupЧ
toЧthisЧpoint,Чhowevet,ЧweЧcanЧtecognizeЧthatЧitЧtetainsЧaЧpatticulatlyЧsttongЧ
andЧoġenЧhegemonicЧholdЧonЧtheЧltenchЧzoneЧolЧtheЧsaidЧttendЧtoday.Ч1hatЧ
isЧoneЧolЧtheЧteasonsЧwhyЧlЧhaveЧlaidЧsuchЧsttessЧ pteciselyЧonЧtheЧ Metleau-
lontyianЧintetptetationЧotЧttanslotmation,ЧwhichЧhasЧj ustЧdetainedЧus,Ч olЧ
thisЧphenomenologyЧolЧtouching.Ч ßyЧlollowingЧtheseЧlinesЧolЧlotceЧonЧtheЧ
ltenchЧslopeЧolЧthisЧttendЧ,letЧusЧtepeatЧthisЧinЧotdetЧtoЧtemoveЧanyЧpossi-
bleЧmisundetstanding) ,ЧlЧamЧttyingЧtoЧundetstandЧhowЧNancyЧsha·ssΘthingsЧ
sa/,Θ andЧdoesЧthisЧatЧleastЧ·i·/aa/q.Θ lotЧasЧ hasЧbeenЧ said,Ч heЧ almostЧ nevetЧ
citesЧ MetleauŌlonty,Ч evenЧ wheteЧ theteЧ isЧ enoughЧ toomЧ lotЧ usЧtoЧ assumeЧ
thatЧheЧisЧ lamiliatЧwithЧMetleau-lonty'sЧ thinking.Ч ņikewise,Ч NancyЧdoesЧ
not,ЧlЧthink,ЧciteЧeithetЧolЧtheЧtwoЧbooksЧthatЧweЧateЧaboutЧtoЧtackleЧ,atЧhtstЧ
simplyЧlollowingЧtheЧthteadЧthatЧlinksЧthemЧtoЧHussetl'sЧIdsasΘIIΘ outЧmainЧ
guidelineЧhete) .Ч neithetЧDidietЧltanck'sЧnot-withЧoneЧbeϋatedЧexception,Ч
toЧbeЧspecihedЧsubsequently-|eanŌņouisЧChtĚtien's.Ч
AsЧalwaysЧ inЧoutЧNanceanЧuseЧolЧtheseЧwotds,Ч ¨shatingЧout¨Ч htstЧolЧallЧ
meansЧpatticipation,ЧindisputableЧptoximity,Чalhƿnities,Чctossings,ЧctossovetsЧ
andЧctossbteedings-aЧsottЧolЧcommunityЧotЧcontempotaneityЧolЧthinking,Ч
language,ЧandЧdiscoutse.Ч lЧ summatizeЧthisЧundetЧtheЧheadingЧ¨tangency. ¨Ч
ßutЧ theyЧ alsoЧ meanЧ somethingЧelseĎasЧalwaysЧ inЧ theЧ NanceanЧ senseЧolЧ
theseЧwotds-thatЧis,ЧaЧpattitioningЧthatЧimpattsЧtheЧpatts,ЧanЧs/hs·Θds¸a·-
/a·sΘ,ɍothetЧdepattute¨ЧisЧaЧquotationЧltomЧNancyЧthatЧlЧ shallЧshottlyЧclat-
i¦) ,Ч anothetЧwayЧolЧptoceeding,ЧanothetЧwtiting,ЧasЧwellЧasЧtheЧuneasyЧtut-
bulenceЧ olЧanothetЧ detetminationЧ ,whichЧ isЧ oltenЧ concealedЧ andЧbatelyЧ
deciphetableЧundetЧtheЧsheltetЧolЧuttetancesЧseeminglyЧstemmingЧltomЧtheЧ
sameЧ/sinë) ,Θ anothetЧexpetiencingЧolЧdecisionЧmaking,Ч anothetЧgestuteЧolЧ
thought,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧanothetЧexpetiencingЧolЧtheЧbody,Ч thatЧis,Ч anothetЧ
bodyЧandЧ anothetЧcs·¸as.Θ ņetЧmeЧputЧthisЧbluntly,Ч withЧj ustЧaЧlewЧwotdsЧ
whoseЧmeaningЧtemainsЧlatgelyЧundecided.Ч thisЧdilletence,ЧthisЧpattition-
ing,ЧthisЧaltetityЧolЧbodiesЧlollowsЧtheЧlineЧ,aЧlineЧthatЧisЧoŒenЧbatelyЧvisibleЧ
andЧstillЧquiteЧenigmatic)ЧpattlyЧolЧtheЧ/schnica/ΘandЧpattlyЧolЧaЧ/ǾsndΘCh·isƭ
/ianiŒ.Θ ɸheЧ sell-seekingЧ body,Ч seekingЧ toЧ touchЧ itsellЧwithoutЧ touchingЧ
itsell,Ч likeЧanyЧothet,Ч thtoughoutЧNancy'sЧ cotpus,Ч isЧ¸a·/qΘaЧbodyЧthatЧisЧ
otiginatilyЧandЧessentiallyЧltiendlyЧandЧopenЧtoЧtheЧ/schnëΘ,ttansplantation,Ч
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ 2I ¸
ptostheticЧdevices,Чsubstitutions,Чmetonymies,Чtele-sensibleЧexptoptiations,Ч
andЧsoЧon)ЧthatЧheЧgivesЧusЧtoЧpondetЧandЧweighЧ,sinceЧweЧateЧnotЧyetЧsuteЧ
whatЧtoЧ thinkЧ undetЧtheЧ headingЧofЧthisЧwotd) .Ч withoutЧthisЧ /schnƋΘthisЧ
bodyЧisЧnotЧevenЧbotnЧtoЧitselfЧasЧ¨human¨Чbody,ЧcaughtЧupЧinЧaЧhominiza-
tionЧptocessЧexceedingЧtheЧhumanЧasЧitsЧpastЧandЧfutute.ЧAndЧ¸a·/q,ΘonЧtheЧ
othetЧhand,Ч thisЧbodyЧisЧinvolvedЧinЧaЧ¨deconsttuctionЧofЧńhtistianity,¨Ч ofЧ
theЧ ńhtistianЧ body,Ч aЧdscsns/·ac/isnΘ s¸ΘCh·is/ianΘ Ɍssh, "ΘaЧdeconsttuctionЧ
that-evenЧifЧitЧseemsЧimpossibleЧandЧunending-a|teadyЧleavesЧitsЧsigna-
tuteЧtightЧonЧtheЧsingulatityЧofЧtheЧcotpusЧinЧquestion-givingЧusЧtheЧsaidЧ
¨ńhtistianЧbody¨ЧtoЧpondetЧandЧweighЧ,sinceЧweЧateЧnotЧyetЧsuteЧwhatЧtoЧ
thinkЧundetЧtheЧheadingЧofЧthisЧwotd) .Ч Hete,Чthen,ЧisЧmyЧhypothesisЧonceЧ
again,ЧandЧlЧptohetЧitЧshylyЧandЧaЧlittleЧuneasily.ЧtheteЧisЧsomeЧshatingЧoutЧ
asЧpatting,ЧinЧtheЧsenseЧofЧpattitionЧotЧsepatation, ЧotЧnewЧdepattute,ЧinЧthisЧ
takingЧintoЧaccountЧofЧ/schnƍΘtheteЧwheteЧ,inЧtheЧsameЧgestute)Ч itЧteachesЧ
beyondЧtheЧńhtistianЧbody.ЧAsЧsuch,ЧweЧcannotЧteadЧthisЧgestuteЧ ,aЧgestuteЧ
allЧ atЧ onceЧ doubleЧandЧone)Ч inЧ theЧ othetЧ textsЧ aboutЧtouchingЧthatЧhaveЧ
comeЧintoЧ questionЧ upЧtoЧthisЧpoint,ЧnoЧmoteЧthanЧinЧtheЧonesЧthatЧlЧshallЧ
nowЧstillЧ hailЧasЧ fotceful,Ч necessaty,Ч tich,Ч andЧnew.Ч aЧcoupleЧofЧbooksЧ byЧ
DidietЧltanckЧandЧāean-LouisЧńhtűtienЧtespectively.Ч
ȀheЧ idiomaticЧsingulatityЧofЧtheЧgestuteЧisЧ nevetЧ puteЧ otЧ putelyЧteap-
ptoptiable,ЧandЧitЧcannotЧbeЧsepatatedЧftomЧaЧscene,Ч atЧ times,Ч aЧmise-en-
scȃne,ЧaЧsttategy,Ч otЧaЧdiscutsiveЧ/ac/ics.Θ WeЧ knowЧthatЧ¨tactics¨Ч doesЧnotЧ
pointЧtowatdЧanythingЧtactileЧbutЧtowatdЧotdet,Чattangement,Ч aЧmoteЧotЧ
lessЧcalculatedЧdisposition.ЧMoteЧthanЧaЧstyle,ЧotЧaЧmanns·Θ,thingsЧhavingЧ
toЧdoЧwithЧhngetsЧotЧhands) ,ЧitЧisЧheteЧaЧmovingЧofЧtheЧbody,Ч aЧsyntaxЧthatЧ
teckonsЧwithoutЧteckoning,ЧwithЧitsЧwholeЧbody,Ч ¨inЧtheЧhesh¨Ч ¸snΘchai·Θs/Θ
snΘss¦ ,Θ toЧtackleЧthings,Ч beЧinЧtheЧwotld,ЧandЧbeЧinЧtouchЧwithЧ itЧwithoutЧ
touchingЧotЧtampetingЧwithЧit.Ч
ßefoteЧtecommencing,ЧinЧotdetЧtoЧconveyЧtheЧkeynoteЧofЧNancy'sЧshat-
ingЧoutЧ ,inЧ theЧ doubleЧ senseЧ ofЧtheЧ tetm) ,Ч letЧ usЧteadЧtwoЧ longЧpassagesЧ
ftomЧCs·¸asΘtoЧstandЧinЧfotЧtheЧbookЧasЧaЧwhole.Ч
I. lЧ amЧcullingЧtheЧhtstЧoneЧftomЧtwoЧchaptets,Ч titledЧ¨GlotiousЧßody¨Ч
andЧ¨lncatnation¨Ч-inЧaЧbookЧthatЧcontinuouslyЧhasЧitЧoutЧwithЧtheЧhistotyЧ
ofЧtheЧńhtistianЧbody,Ч andЧthusЧwithЧwhatЧweЧtetmЧ¨ûđesh. ¨ЧWhileЧheteЧandЧ
theteЧ lЧ haveЧquestionedЧtheЧ ttanslationЧ ofЧLsi/ΘasЧ ¨hesh¨Ч _chai·}Θ ,andЧweЧ
shallЧ comeЧ backЧ toЧ this)Ч andЧ wondetedЧ aboutЧ theЧ exttaotdinatyЧwayЧ inЧ
whichЧthisЧwotdЧandЧconcept,Ч ¨hesh¨Ч _ŇaΘchaitIJ ,Ч hasЧsttetchedЧactossЧ theЧ
22O Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āɟ/ssh''Θ
lrenchЧphilosophicalЧ landscape,Ч whileЧonЧseveralЧoccasions,Ч lЧ haveЧtakenЧ
noteЧolЧChristianЧ accentuationsЧ andЧhguresЧ inЧMerleau-lonty'sЧ thinkingЧ
aboutЧ¨the¨ЧƘeshЧ¸͆ЧchairĂЧ,/hsΘƘeshЧolЧmyЧownЧbodyЧproperŬЧ¨myЧincarna-
tion¨,ЧorЧ¨/hsΘHeshЧolЧtheЧworld¨ЧinЧIhsΘlsi//sΘandΘ/hsΘIn·isi//s) ,ΘandЧatЧtheЧ
timeЧolЧģhsnsmsns/sgyΘs¸Θģs·cs¸/isnΘalready,Ч inЧ allusionsЧ toЧanЧ¨operationЧ
olЧŏrace, ¨ЧtheЧEucharist,ЧandЧ¨sensationЧ ȁthat¦Ч isЧl iterallyЧaЧlormЧolЧcom-
munion¨Ч ,aЧrhetoricЧthatЧnoЧpedagogicalЧintentionЧcanЧquiteЧneutralize) ,ЧlЧ
haveЧnotЧdoneЧthisЧinЧorderЧtoЧdenounce,ЧorЧcriticize,ЧorЧevenЧsuspectЧanyĶ
latentЧorЧo͟en-Ğh·is/iani/¸.Θ|ustЧasЧ itЧisЧ neitherЧenoughЧtoЧpresentЧonesellЧ
asЧaЧChristianЧnorЧtoЧ¨believe¨Ч orЧ¨believeЧonesellЧtoЧbeЧaЧChristian¨ЧinЧor-
derЧtoЧholdЧlorthЧinЧaЧlanguageЧthatЧisЧ¨authentically¨ЧChristian,ЧlikewiseЧitЧ
isЧnotЧenoughЧns/ΘtoЧ ¨believe¨Ч orЧbelieveЧonesellЧandЧdeclareЧonesellЧnsnȳ
ChristianЧinЧ orderЧtoЧ utterЧaЧdiscourse,ЧspeakЧaЧlanguage,ЧandЧevenЧinhabitЧ
one'sЧbodyЧwhileЧremainingЧsalelyЧshelteredЧlromЧallЧ ChristianityźЧ 1hisЧisЧ
notЧaboutЧbeingЧlreeЧolЧharm,Чsale,ЧandЧsaved,ЧseekingЧone'sЧsalvationЧorЧimķ
munityЧoutsideЧolЧChristianity.Ч1heseЧvaluesЧwouldЧstillЧbeЧChristianЧones.Ч
1hatЧisЧwhy,ЧÜ lЧhaveЧsuggestedЧonЧseveralЧoccasions,ЧevenЧilЧthereЧwereЧanyЧ
senseЧtoЧorЧnecessityЧlorЧit,ЧtheЧ¨deconstructionЧolЧChristianity¨ЧthatЧNancyЧ
hasЧannouncedЧseemsЧ suchЧaЧdiƗcult,Чparadoxical,ЧalmostЧimpossibleЧtask,Ч
alwaysЧinЧdangerЧolЧbeingЧexposedЧasЧmereЧChristianЧhyperbole.Ч1hisЧisЧnotЧ
toЧsayЧthatЧoneЧshouldЧgiveЧupЧbelorehandЧandЧnotЧshowЧanyЧinterestЧinЧtheЧ
singularЧlimitationsЧolЧsuchЧhyperboleЧinЧorderЧtoЧthinkЧit.Ч ŏeorgesЧßatailleЧ
protestedЧagainstЧthoseЧwhoЧsawЧaЧshamelulЧ ChristianЧinЧhimЧbyЧshieldingЧ
himsellЧbehindЧtheЧhyperboleЧolЧanЧultimateЧmaskЧ,wasЧ itЧaЧmask:) ś ЧwhatЧ
heЧsometimesЧrelerredЧtoЧasЧhisЧ¨hyper-Christianity. ¨Ч
Here,Чthen,ЧisЧtheЧannouncedЧpassageЧtoЧgiveЧtheЧrightЧnote,ЧasЧalways,ЧitЧ
isЧviolentlyЧexcerpted,ЧdespiteЧtheЧlengthЧolЧtheЧquotation.ЧoneЧshouldЧre-
readЧeverythingЧbeloreЧ andЧ alterЧit. Ч HereЧ inЧ anyЧcase,Ч NancyЧ himsellЧsetsЧ
lorthЧthisЧdoubleЧsha·ingΘsa/,ΘwhichЧisЧnecessaryЧandЧimpossible.Ч ßutЧwhatЧ
lЧwouldЧemphasizeЧhere,Ч aboveЧall,Ч soЧasЧtoЧmeasureЧtheЧsplitЧwithЧregardЧtoЧ
modernЧlrenchЧdiscoursesЧonЧ /hsΘ¨Hesh¨Ч andЧ incarnateЧtouching,Ч theЧ dis-
coursesЧthatЧweЧareЧinЧtheЧprocessЧorЧstillЧonЧtheЧvergeЧolЧstudying,ЧisЧhisЧtak-
ingЧ intoЧaccountЧolЧ¸/as/ici/¸ΘandЧ /schnici/¸.Θ OpeningЧontoЧtheЧ historyЧolЧ
animalitiesЧandЧhominization,ЧtheЧlatterЧreach,Ч atЧaЧstroke,ЧbeyondЧtheЧ an-
thropological,Чanthropotheological,Ч orЧevenЧontotheological limitsЧwithinЧ
whichЧphenomenologyЧstands,Ч inЧspiteЧolЧsoЧmanyЧreductionsЧandЧdenialsЧ
,andЧweЧ haveЧj ustЧseenЧanЧexampleЧolЧthisЧwithЧ Merleau-lonty)ŹnotЧtoЧ
mentionЧotherЧphilosophiesЧthatЧdoЧ notЧevenЧpretendЧtoЧcarryЧoutЧthisЧre-
Ingsn/ΘIlΘ 22I
ductionЧolЧanЧanthtopologyЧotЧaЧ¨wotdliness¨Ч inЧ genetal.ЧWhatЧ seemsЧ toЧ
ptesctibeЧthisЧnecessatyЧtakingЧintoЧ accountЧolЧplasticityЧandЧtechnicityЧ¨atЧ
theЧ heatt¨Ч olЧtheЧ ¨bodyЧ ptopet¨Ч isЧ anЧ itteducibleЧ s¸acing,Θ thatЧ is,Ч whatЧ
spacesЧoutЧtouchingЧitsell,Ч namelyЧcon-tact.Ч lnЧ thusЧopeningЧupЧaЧgapЧandЧ
makingЧ toomЧ lotЧ theЧ hiatusЧ olЧnoncontactЧ atЧ theЧ heattЧ olЧcontact,Ч thisЧ
spacingЧmakesЧlotЧtheЧttialЧolЧnoncontactЧasЧtheЧ·s·¸ΘconditionЧotЧexpeti-
enceЧi/ss¡ΘolЧcontact,ЧtheЧss͎amsΘexpetienceЧitsellЧolЧtheЧsamsΘopenЧlotevetЧ
-andЧspacedЧoutЧbyЧtheЧothet.ЧSuchЧanЧexpetienceЧisЧalwaysЧallectedЧbyЧtheЧ
singulatityЧolЧthatЧwhich-byЧteasonЧolЧthisЧspacing-/a/ssΘ¸/acs,ΘwhichЧ isЧ
toЧ say,Ч byЧtheЧ eventЧ olЧaЧ coming.Ч I/ingΘ¸/acsΘandЧ /a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘ sƑǁΘlЧ
wouldЧ add,Ч inЧotdetЧtoЧinsctibeЧtheЧpossibilityЧolЧmetonymyЧandЧsubstitu-
tion,ЧthatЧis,ЧolЧtechnicalЧptosthetics,ЧtightЧontoЧtheЧvetyЧsingulatityЧitsellЧolЧ
theЧevent.Ч
I/ingΘ¸/csΘandΘ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/csΘsƐΘ /a/ingΘ¸/acsΘahi/sΘ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/csΘsƑǁΘ
/a/ing¸/csΘinЧlieuЧolЧ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘs¸-/¸Θ ·i·/asΘs¸Θ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/csΘs¸ΘandΘ
inΘ·isaΘs¸Θ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘsƐΘ hs/dΘ´inΘ¸/acs)Θ/sΘ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘsƐΘ /a/ingΘ/hsΘ
¸/acsΘs¸Θ/a/ingΘ¸/acs.Θ
'
, llЧlЧ wondetЧhowЧanyЧttanslatotЧcouldЧ takeЧ thisЧ onЧ
andЧ ttanslateЧ theЧ idiomaticЧphtasesЧ lЧ amЧsuggestingЧandЧ emphasizingЧinЧ
thisЧway,ЧitЧisЧalsoЧbecauseЧtheyЧsayЧsomethingЧaboutЧtheЧopetationЧolЧevetyЧ
ttanslation,Ч inЧ itsЧ ςm-possibleЧ essence,Ч theteЧ wheteЧ itЧ isЧ aЧ mansΘaΘ mansΘ
sttuggleЧbetweenЧidioms,ЧwhichЧwillЧnevetЧbeЧspatedЧitsЧmetonymies,Чsub-
stitutions,ЧandЧtechnicalЧptosthesesŎЧ1tanslation,ЧwheteЧitЧisЧaЧconsidetableЧ
eventЧinЧthinking,'ЧisЧhs/dΘ/sΘ´/hsΘ¸/acsΘs¸)Θ /a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/acsΘs¸Θ. . . Θ )Θ
/ĕ latЧasЧ thisЧ taking-placeЧisЧconcetned,Ч NancyЧalwaysЧ paitsЧ ¨touchingЧ
oneЧanothet¨ЧandЧ¨distancingЧonesell,¨ЧcouplingЧandЧplacingЧthemЧsideЧbyЧ
sideЧandЧ puttingЧthemЧ inЧ contactЧ otЧcontiguity.Ч AndЧ this,Ч lЧ think,Ч alsoЧ
opensЧontoЧotganicЧatticulation,Ч/schnë,Θsubstitution,Чptosthetics,ЧtheЧ¸/acsΘ
s¸Θ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/cs,Θ aha/ΘisΘhs/dΘ/sΘ/a/ingΘ/hsΘ¸/csΘs¸Θsomething-ltomЧbe-
loteЧman,ЧbeloteЧ humans,Ч wellЧbeloteЧandЧthusЧwellЧbeyondЧtheЧhumanu-
alismЧ olЧthe-hand-ol-man.Ч lЧ haveЧquotedЧ othetЧexamplesЧolЧthis.Ч Hete,Ч
NancyЧsays,ЧasЧheЧdoesЧlaitlyЧtegulatlyĤЧ ¨touchingЧoneЧanothet,ЧdistancingЧ
themselves, ¨ЧotЧ¨theyЧateЧtouchingЧandЧpushingЧoneЧanothetЧaway. ¨ЧHeЧĐt-
thetЧsays,Ч ¨GodЧhadЧmadeЧhimsellЧintoЧ aЧbody,Ч heЧhadЧsttetchedЧ outЧ . . . Ч ¨Ч
-yetЧanothetЧvetsionЧolЧextendedЧlsycheЧ. . . Ч .
O/orioasBod,
luϞ ttuth,Ϟ GodĔsϞ bodyϞwasϞtheϞ bodyϞoəϞmauϞhimselə.Ϟ mauʬsϞ ûƂeshϞwasϞ theϞbodyϞ
thatϞGodϞhadϞgiveuϞ himselŎϞ ,MauϞis-absolutelyĦbody,Ϟ otϞheϞisϞuot.Ϟ heϞisϞ
<
222 Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ āĔ/ssh''Θ
theϞbodyϞolϞGod,ϞotϞtheϞwotldϞolϞbodies,Ϟ butϞuothiugϞelse.ϞThatϞisϞwhy,Ϟdes-
tiuedϞ toϞsigui[,Ϟovetsigui[,Ϟ audϞiusigui[ϞhisϞbody,Ϟ mau,Ϟ theϞ¨mau¨Ϟ olϞ¨hu-
mauism, ¨Ϟ hasϞslowlyϞdissolvedϞ thisϞbodyϞaudϞhimsellϞallϞatϞ ouce. )Ϟ GodϞhadϞ
madeϞ himsellϞiutoϞaϞbody,ϞheϞhadϞsttetchedϞoutϞ. . . . Ϟ ThisϞambivaleuceϞolϞtheϞ
ttuthϞolϞtheϞbody,Ϟ asϞg/orioas˰/od,,˰wotksϞitsϞwayϞthtoughϞallϞolϞoutotheologyϞ .Ϟ
.Ϟ .Ϟ .ϞAudϞilϞtheϞ/od,˰is,ϞpatϞexcelleuce,ϞwhatϞisϞcreated˰ ilϞ¨cteatedϞbody¨ϞisϞaϞtau-
tology-otϞtathetϞ¨cteatedϞbodies,¨ϞlotϞ,the)˰ 8odyϞis˰alwaysϞiuϞtheϞplutal-theuϞ
the˰/od,˰is˰the˰¸/astic˰matter˰o¸˰a˰s¸acing˰oat˰withoutϞlotmϞotϞldea.ϞTheϞbodyϞisϞ
theϞvetyϞplasticityϞolϞexpausiou,ϞolϞexteusiou,ϞiuϞaccotdauceϞwithϞwhichϞexis-
teucesϞ take˰¸/ace˰. . . e 8utϞ theϞbodyϞisϞ aϞcoming˰into˰¸resence,˰ iuϞtheϞwayϞaudϞ
mauuetϞolϞimagesϞthatϞcomeϞtoϞ aϞtelevisiouϞscteeu,ϞotϞmovieϞscteeu,ϞcomiugϞ
uotϞo¸˰ audϞǷɾom˰ theϞdepthsϞolϞtheϞscteeu,Ϟ butϞtathetϞ/eing˰thisϞscteeu,Ϟ thisϞ
scteeuϞspacedϞout,ϞaudϞexistiugϞasϞ theϞscteeuĔsϞ exteusiouϞ. . . Ϟ butϞon˰¸aĕmeme¦˰
myϞeyesϞthemselvesϞ ,myϞbody) ,ϞasϞ theitϞateality.Ϟ theϞeyesϞthemselvesϞ comeϞ toϞ
thisϞcomiug,ϞtheyϞateϞspacedϞout,ϞspaciugϞout,ϞthemselvesϞaϞscteeu,ϞaudϞateϞlessϞ
aϞ¨visiou¨ϞthauϞaϞcideo.˰ ,NotϞ¨video¨Ϟ¬ ¨lϞsee,¨ϞbutϞcideo˰ asϞaϞgeueticϞappella-
tiouϞlotϞtheϞtechns˰olϞcomiugϞiutoϞpteseuce.Ϟ IcchnsĨ˰ ¨techuics,¨Ϟ ¨att, ¨Ϟ¨modal-
izatiou, ¨Ϟ ¨cteatiou. ¨)Ϟ. . . . Ϟ ltsϞcomiug,Ϟ thus,Ϟ willϞuevetϞbeϞ huished,Ϟ itϞgoes˰asϞitϞ
comes,ϞitϞisϞcomiug-aud-goiug,ϞitϞisϞtheϞthythmϞolϞbodiesϞbotu,ϞbodiesϞdyiug,Ϟ
bodiesϞthatϞateϞopeu,Ϟclosed,ϞbodiesϞiuϞpleasute,ϞbodiesϞiuϞpaiu,ϞbodiesϞtouch-
iugϞoueϞauothet,ϞdistauciugϞthemselves.ϞGlotyϞisϞtheϞthythm,ϞotϞtheϞplasticϞex-
ptessiou,ϞolϞthisϞpteseuce-whichϞisϞlocal,Ϟ bouudϞtoϞbeϞlocal.Ϟ
Incarnation˰
8utϞallϞalougϞthisϞ ttaditiouʾ ϞtheteϞ isϞtheϞothetϞvetsiouϞolϞaϞcomiugϞiutoϞptes-
euceϞaudϞitsϞtechns.˰TheϞothet,Ϟ theϞsame-theyϞateϞiudiscetuibleϞyetϞd|stiuct,Ϟ
paitedϞasϞ iuϞlovemakiug. Ϟ ¨The¨Ϟ bodyϞwillϞalwaysϞ haveϞ beeuϞouϞtheϞlimitϞolϞ
theseϞtwoϞvetsions,ϞtheteϞwhete,ϞatϞtheϞsameϞtime,ϞtheyϞateϞtouchiugϞaudϞpush-
iugϞoueϞauothetϞaway.Ϟ TheϞbody-itsϞ ttuth-willϞ alwaysϞ haveϞbeeuϞ theϞ iu-
betweeuϞolϞtwoϞsenses˰audϞaa,s-anĹ˰amougϞthose,ϞtheϞiu-betweeuϞolϞleltϞaudϞ
tight,ϞupϞaudϞdowu,ϞltoutϞaudϞback,ϞphallicϞaudϞcephalic,ϞmaleϞaudϞlemale,Ϟiu-
sideϞaudϞoutside,ϞseusibleϞseuseϞaudϞiutelligibleϞseuse,Ϟ doϞ uothiugϞbutϞiutetactϞ
exptessibly.Ϟ
lucatuatiouϞisϞtheϞ uameϞolϞtheϞothetϞvetsiouϞolϞtheϞcoming.˰ WheuϞlϞsayϞcer-
/am˰ caro˰¸ctam˰est˰(/ogos˰sarx˰egenetoğ,˰ lϞ amϞ sayiugϞ iuϞ aϞseuseϞthatϞ itϞ isϞ caro˰
thatϞmakesϞlotϞtheϞ glotyϞaudϞ theϞ geuuiueϞcomiugϞolϞcer/am.˰ 8utϞallϞ atϞouceϞIJ˰
say-iuϞauothetϞmeauiugϞaltogethetˍthatϞcer/am˰,/ogos)˰ makesϞlotϞtheϞgeu-
uiueϞpteseuceϞ audϞ seuseϞ olϞcaro˰ ,sarx) .˰ AudϞthough,Ϟ in˰ a˰sense˰and˰in˰a˰ aa,˰
,onceϞmote) ,ϞtheseϞtwoϞvetsiousϞateϞpattϞaudϞpatcelϞolϞoueϞauothet,ϞaudϞthoughϞ
¨iucatuatiou¨ϞuamesϞthemϞbothϞtogethet,Ϟyet,Ϟin˰another˰sense˰and˰another˰aa,,˰
theyϞexcludeϞoueϞauothet.Ϟ , Naucy,Ϟ Co¸as,˰pp. Ϟ,|-,?)Ϟ
I˧ngsn/ΘIlΘ 22)
2. WeЧ canЧdissociateЧnoneЧolЧtheseЧmotils. ЧtheЧptojectЧolЧaЧ¨deconsttucƜ
tionЧolЧChtistianity, ¨Ч longЧannouncedЧotЧptepatedɨЧ theЧ attentionЧpaidЧtoЧ
theЧ Ư/schnëΘolЧbodies¨Ч andЧ ecotechnicsЧ thatЧ ¨deconsttuctЧ theЧ systemЧ olЧ
ends, ¨ЧtheteЧwheteЧweЧateЧinЧ¨theЧ/schnëΘolЧtΞeЧnsx/Θone, ¨ЧtheЧ¨lellowЧman¨Ч
,Nancy,Ч Cs·¸as,Θ p.Ч /,) ,ЧaЧcettainЧ decentetingЧolЧtheЧhandЧandЧtheЧhšngets,Ч
theЧconnectionЧbetweenЧtheЧintettuptingЧspacingЧoutЧolЧcon-tactЧandЧtheЧ
questionЧ olЧtheЧtechnical,Ч andЧsoЧlotth.ЧWhenЧ ļЧ takeЧthemЧtogethet,ЧtheyЧ
seemЧtoЧdtawЧtheЧshated-outЧdi·idingΘ/insΘ¸/aΘ/ignsΘdsΘ¸a·/ags¦ ,Θ aboutЧ theЧ
ptoblemЧ olЧtouch,Ч betweenЧNancy'sЧ cs·¸asΘ,toЧwhich,Ч lotЧallЧtooЧobviousЧ
teasons,ЧlЧhaveЧbeenЧleelingЧsoЧcloseЧlotЧsoЧlong)ЧandЧothetЧptoblematicsЧolЧ
touch,ЧallЧtematkable,Чneighboting,ЧyetЧdissimilat,Чones,ЧincludingЧtheЧonesЧ
alteadyЧevokedЧ ,especiallyЧMetleau-lonty's) ,ЧotЧtheЧonesЧthatЧlЧshallЧttyЧtoЧ
identi¦ЧwithЧDidietЧltanckЧandЧ|ean-LouisЧChtűtien.ЧTheseЧthinketsЧhaveЧ
spawnedЧotiginalЧwotks,Ч whileЧsoonetЧotЧlatetЧtelettingЧtoЧHussetlŗsЧIdsasΘIIΘ
-andЧletЧmeЧtepeatЧthatЧitЧisЧonЧthisЧscote,ЧhtstЧolЧall,Ч thatЧlЧ amЧptivileg-
ingЧtheЧteadingЧolЧtheseЧwotks.ЧTheyЧalso,Ч albeitЧdiʄetently,Ч accotdingЧtoЧ
theitЧsepatateЧttaj ectoties,ЧbutЧwithЧequalЧintensity,Ч takeЧsomeЧ accountЧolЧ
theЧitteducibilityЧolЧtheЧs/hs·ΘandЧolЧtheЧan/sacha//sΘinЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧ
touching,ЧandЧtheyЧsometimesЧpayЧaЧcettainЧ attentionЧ toЧ aЧspacingЧ outЧ otЧ
intettuptionЧasЧtheЧpatadoxicalЧandЧintetvallicЧ¨medium¨Ч olЧcon-tact.Ч
ßutЧolЧthem,ЧwhoЧltomЧtheЧbeginningЧwouldЧhaveЧassociatedЧwithЧthatЧ
theЧplasticЧandЧsubstitutiveЧsttuctuteЧolЧptostheticsЧotЧtheЧ/schnica/Θsupple-
ment·ЧWhoЧtakesЧ itЧintoЧaccount,ЧasЧ itЧhasЧalwaysЧseemedЧtoЧ meЧthatЧoneЧ
shouldЧdo,ЧandЧÜ NancyЧhasЧnevetЧlailedЧtoЧdo,ЧwithЧanЧincteasinglyЧlegibleЧ
insistence,Ч aЧpowetĐlЧconceptualЧconsistencyЧthatЧhasЧalwaysЧtemainedЧinƆ
dissociableЧltomЧhisЧlotcelulЧwtitingЧ,otЧexsctiption) ·ЧApattЧltomЧhim,Ч inЧ
dealingЧwithЧtouchЧatЧleast,ЧwhoЧhasЧtecognizedЧtheЧlocusЧolЧthisЧ/schnica/Θ
supplementatityЧolЧtheЧ bodyЧandЧ acknowledgedЧ itsЧessentialЧandЧnecessatyЧ
otiginatity,Ч asЧitЧseemsЧtoЧmeЧthatЧoneЧshouldЧalwaysЧdoЧ ,andЧthatЧolЧcoutseЧ
isЧwhatЧisЧotientingЧmeЧhete)·Ч ltЧgoesЧwithoutЧsayingЧthatЧ¨essentialЧ otigiƜ
natity¨ЧisЧconvenientlyЧttanslatingЧthisЧ¨law¨Ч intoЧaЧclassicalЧlanguageЧthatЧ
pteciselyЧmeetsЧitsЧ limitЧ hete.Ч lotЧthisЧsupplementatityЧolЧtechnicalЧ ptosƜ
theticsЧ otiginatilyЧspacesЧout,Чdelets,Ч otЧexptoptiatesЧallЧotiginatyЧptopetƆ
ness.ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧ¨the¨ЧsenseЧolЧtouch,ЧtheteЧisЧnoЧ¨otiginaty¨ЧotЧessentiallyЧ
otiginatyЧtouchingЧbeloteЧit,ЧbeloteЧitsЧnecessatyЧpossibility-lotЧanyЧlivingЧ
beingЧinЧgenetal,ЧandЧwellЧbeloteЧ¨theЧhandЧolЧman¨ЧandЧallЧitsЧimaginableЧ
substitutes.ЧAЧtechnique,ЧaЧmechanicalЧtechniqueЧ,always-butЧhowЧmuchЧ
moteЧ manilestlyЧ so,Ч hencelotth,Ч inЧ ptesentЧ andЧ lututeЧ machines)Ч isЧwhatЧ
22q Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
canЧdisctiminateЧoĒЧ¨petceive¨ЧbyЧĐnctioningЧwithЧtheЧsimulactumЧolЧsome-
thingЧ¨sensible¨Ч,withЧlight,Ч¨digital¨ЧcontactЧandЧodotousЧcompounds,ЧlotЧ
example)Ч butЧisЧnotЧ¨leeling,¨ЧdoesЧnotЧgiveЧinЧtoЧtheЧdisttibutionЧotЧhietat-
chizationЧ olЧtheЧ¨ΑveЧsenses, ¨ЧandЧaboveЧallЧ doesЧ notЧleelЧ itsellЧleel-andЧ
thusЧ temainsЧ anestheticЧinЧ theЧvetyЧplaceЧwheteЧaЧ machineЧsupplies,Ч andЧ
standsЧinЧlot,Ч sense.ЧAndЧtheteЧwheteЧtheЧsell-telationЧolЧaЧ¨sell-touching¨ЧisЧ
missing,Ч lotЧexample,Ч beЧitЧinЧwhatЧweЧtetmЧoutЧ¨bodyЧptopet,¨Ч theЧplaceЧ
opensЧupЧlotЧsomeЧmachine,Ч someЧptosthesis,ЧsomeЧ metonymicЧsubstitute,Ч
andЧsomeЧsenseЧteplacingЧsomeЧothetЧsense.Ч1hatЧisЧwheteЧtheЧdividingЧlinesЧ
ateЧgoingЧtoЧtun,ЧlЧbelieve.Ч
1oЧ limitЧtheЧtisksЧolЧanЧapptoptiatingЧintetptetationЧandЧlitetallyЧbettetЧ
toЧdisplayЧtheЧwayЧinЧwhichЧNancyЧdoesЧwhatЧheЧsaysЧheЧwill,ЧandЧa·i/ss,Θ
andЧincs·¸s·a/ssΘwhatЧ heЧ thinksЧ intoЧsxsc·i/ing,Θ heteЧ isЧ aЧsecondЧpassageЧ
ltomЧCs·¸asΘheteĻЧWeЧ couldЧ hndЧothetsЧasЧwellЧinЧtheЧsameЧbookЧwhoseЧ
scopeЧ isЧ vittuallyЧanalogous.Ч ßutЧthisЧ oneЧexhibitsЧ moteЧ manilestlyЧandЧ
denselyЧthanЧevetЧthisЧindissociabilityЧolЧ¨touch¨Ч ,olЧ¨the¨Ч senseЧolЧtouchЧ
thatЧ¨isn't¨)Ч andЧtechnicalЧsupplementatity.Ч NancyЧisЧnoЧdoubtЧalsoЧdoingЧ
thisЧinЧaЧdelibetatelyЧphilosophicalЧlashion,ЧwhichЧisЧalsoЧdemonsttative,Ч
petlotmative,Ч andЧactual,Ч butЧinЧanЧactЧthatЧisЧneithetЧactiveЧ notЧpetlot-
mativeЧthtoughoutЧnotЧj ustЧaЧspeechЧactЧotЧsimplyЧaЧdiscutsiveЧact.Ч,LetЧmeЧ
sayЧinЧpassingЧthatЧwhatЧlЧ ttyЧtoЧthinkЧheteЧisЧthatЧwhich-byЧwayЧolЧtheЧ
event,ЧbyЧwayЧolЧwhatЧhappensЧsingulatly,ЧtheЧevent,ЧtheЧattivingЧolЧtheЧnew-
comet-toutsЧandЧexceedsЧ anyЧpetlotmativeЧpowet.)Ч lnЧ thisЧtext,ЧNancyЧ
alsoЧsaysЧthatЧheЧƄetsЧtheЧothetЧ come,Ч andЧletsЧtheЧothetЧbodyЧcoōappeat,Ч
andЧ thisЧ doesЧnotЧnecessatilyЧmeanЧ toЧsayЧ¨comeЧintoЧptesence, ¨ЧitЧseemsЧ
toЧme,ЧbutЧcome,Чyes-atЧleastЧilЧtheЧhostЧ_/͙é/s}Θ doesЧnotЧshutЧtheЧdootЧ
uponЧtheЧguestЧattivingЧ ¸/u··i·ancsΘdsΘ /ƽé/s} .Θ1hisЧtext,ЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧ
theЧchaptetЧtitledЧ¨Cotpus.ЧOthetЧDepattute,¨ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme,ЧisЧpteciselyЧ
theЧtouchstoneЧŵostЧ sutelyЧallowingЧusЧtoЧ tecognizeЧallЧtheЧpattsЧshatedЧ
outЧthatЧweЧ ateЧ attemptingЧ otЧwillЧ attemptЧ toЧ think.Ч HeteЧ again,Ч whatЧ
seemsЧ mostЧ distinctiveЧ andЧdetetminingЧisЧwhatЧlinksЧ aЧdisseminationЧolЧ
hapticsЧwithЧtheЧbody'sЧ technicalЧchatactet.Ч NoteЧthatЧthisЧpassageЧisЧhs·s,Θ
inЧ thisЧvetyЧ place,Ч undetЧtheЧ commandЧolЧaЧconditionalЧcommitmentЧ,i/Θ
Ŋad·ai/ΘȁwouldЧbeЧneededIJ ) , ЧanЧ¨almostЧwithoutЧwaiting,¨ЧwhichЧdisplacesЧ
otЧspacesЧoutЧtheЧvetyЧhete-and-nowЧandЧ,sttangeЧspeechЧact,Чindeed)Чpte-
sentsЧ itsellЧasЧ anЧuntenableЧptomise,Чcettainly,Ч yetЧoneЧthatЧexistsЧandЧin-
sistsЧ hs·sΘinЧtheЧ untenableЧ olЧwhatЧ ¨deals¨Ч ,andЧ isЧ dealtЧwith)Ч heteĎotЧ
wtites,ЧotЧexsctibes.ЧAndЧletЧusЧbeЧattentiveЧtoЧtheЧ¨touching¨ЧolЧsuchЧhandsΘ
Ingsn/ΘIlΘ 22]
, i nЧpatentheses)Ч olЧwhichЧi t Чi s ЧsaidЧthatЧ¨somethingЧdivettsЧandЧdelets¨Чi t Ч
¨inhnitely-machines¨Ч.Ч
Cor¸as·˰Hnother˰De¸artare˰
AϞcor¸as˰isϞuotϞaϞdiscoutse,ϞaudϞitϞisϞuotϞaϞuattative.ϞAϞcor¸as˰isϞwhatϞisϞueededϞ
_qa'i/˰ ¸adrait¦˰ hete,Ϟ theu.Ϟ̭cŐc-theteϞisϞ somethiugϞlikeϞaϞptomiseϞthatϞthisϞ
hasϞtoϞ dea/˰withϞtheϞbody,Ϟ thatϞitϞisϞgoing˰toϞdealϞwithϞit-thete,ϞalmostϞwith-
outϞwaitiugϞ ¸dé/ai} .˰ ltϞisϞaϞkiudϞolϞptomiseϞthatϞwillϞbeϞneithetϞtheϞobƤectϞolϞ
aϞtteatiseϞuotϞtheϞtopicϞolϞcitatiousϞaudϞtecitatious,ϞuotϞtheϞchatactetϞotϞsetϞolϞaϞ
stoty.ϞToϞ putϞitϞiuϞsoϞmauyϞwotds,Ϟ theteϞisϞaϞsottϞolϞptomiseϞtacitlyϞtoϞhash˰¸se˰
taire} Ša˰ptomiseϞlessϞtoϞhushϞupϞ¨ouϞtheϞsubject¨ϞolϞtheϞbodyϞthauϞhash˰oɵ˰the˰
/od,˰_se˰taire˰da˰co·¸s} ,˰matetiallyϞtoϞdtawϞ awayϞtheϞbodyϞltomϞtheϞ ptiutiugϞolϞ
meauiuglulϞ imptessious,Ϟ thatϞis,ϞtoϞ doϞ thisϞhere,˰ right˰on˰the˰seʨame˰ariting˰
and˰reading˰¸age.˰ 8odiesϞateϞiuϞ touchϞouϞ thisϞ page,ϞwhethetϞweϞwautϞitϞotϞuot,Ϟ
otϞelse,ϞtheϞpageϞitsellϞisϞtheϞtouchiugϞaudϞtoyiugϞ ¸attoachement}˰ ,byϞmyϞwtit-
iugϞhaudϞaudϞyoutϞhaudsϞholdiugϞtheϞbook) .Ϟ SomethiugϞdivettsϞaudϞdeletsϞthisϞ
touchiugϞ iuƟuitely-machiues,Ϟ couveyauces,Ϟ photocopies,Ϟ eyes,Ϟ audϞ othetϞ
haudsϞhaveϞiutetleted-butϞwhatϞ temaiusϞ isϞ theϞ iuƟuitesimalĀyϞsmall,Ϟ stub-
botu,Ϟ audϞteuuousϞgtaiu,ϞtheϞmiuuteϞdustϞolϞcoutact,Ϟ aϞcoutactϞthatϞisϞiutet-
tuptedϞaudϞputsuedϞiuϞallϞpatts.ϞluϞtheϞeud,ϞyoutϞgazeϞtouchesϞupouϞtheϞsameϞ
chatactetϞttaciugsϞthatϞmiueϞateϞtouchiugϞuow,ϞaudϞyouϞateϞteadƢugϞme,ϞaudϞlϞ
amϞwtitiugϞyou.Ϟ lnϞ someϞplace,ϞiuϞsome˰¸arts,˰ thatϞisϞwhatϞtakesϞplace.ϞSuddeuϞ
ttausmittal,Ϟ asϞ lacsimile-copyiugϞ machiuesϞ exempliŏϞ it,Ϟ isϞ uotϞ aϞ leatuteϞ olϞ
theseϞpatts.Ϟ RathetϞthauϞlax-similitudeϞhete,Ϟ thisϞ isϞaboutϞdivetsiouϞ audϞdis-
similatity,Ϟ ttausposiugϞaudϞteeucodiug,ϞwhichϞisϞtoϞsayϞthatϞ¨someϞpatts¨Ϟdis-
ttibuteϞthemselvesϞovetϞvetyϞlougϞtechuicalϞcitcuits,Ϟ¨someϞpatts¨Ϟis˰theϞtechui-
cal-outϞdisctete,ϞpowetƠl,ϞaudϞdissemiuatedϞcontact.˰ȾdϞiuϞaϞsileutϞhash,ϞaϞ
suspeudiugϞolϞtheϞcitcuits,ϞtheϞ touchϞolϞtheϞptomiseĨϞwe'llϞbeϞsileutϞaboutϞ theϞ
body,Ϟ leaveϞtheϞƟeldϞtoϞ it,ϞaudϞoulyϞwtite,Ϟ oulyϞteadϞtoϞabaudouϞtoϞbodiesϞ theϞ
placesϞolϞtheitϞcoutacts.Ϟ
8ecauseϞolϞthisϞuuteuableϞptomise,ϞwhichϞuoϞoueϞcauϞkeepϞotϞhasϞevetϞmadeϞ
-despiteϞitsϞiusisteuce,Ϟthete,ϞiuϞsomeϞpatts-aϞco·¸as˰isϞueeded,ϞthatϞis,ϞaϞcat-
alogueϞiusteadϞolϞaϞlogos.Ϟ ,Naucy,Ϟ Cor¸as,˰pp.Ϟ |6-|;)Ϟ
llЧoneЧteadsЧonЧ,asЧoneЧnssdsΘtoЧdo) ,Ч oneЧwillЧpethapsЧsee,ЧinЧtheЧplaceЧolЧ
aЧcettainЧ¨heteЧlies¨Ч ,althoughЧNancyЧdoesЧnotЧwantЧanyЧindividualЧhete) ,Ч
aЧpetsonaЧ makingЧaЧ comebackЧaltetЧ twelveЧyeats,Ч namely,Ч lsyche,Ч ¨ausƆ
gedehnt,ЧweissЧnichtsЧdavon, ¨ЧtheЧmaskЧotЧghostЧolЧtheЧteclining,ЧextendedЧ
one,ЧwhoЧknowsЧnothingЧaboutЧthis. Ч``Aĕcs·¸asΘisЧneeded,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧaЧ
wtitingЧolЧtheЧdeadЧthatЧhasЧnothingЧtoЧdoЧwithЧtheЧdiscoutseЧolЧDeath-
zz6Ч ̶ŖcŢĆƭaćȏЧɷĄľćicsЧľȄĄĢcЧ ˊˠƭcsĢɓɓЧ
andЧevetythingЧtoЧdoЧwithЧthisśЧtheЧspaceЧolЧbodiesЧisЧnotЧacquaintedЧwithЧ
DeathЧ ,lantasizingЧspaceЧabolished)Ч butЧknowsЧeachЧbodyЧasЧ aЧdeadЧone,Ч
asЧĄĢisЧdeadЧoneЧwhoЧshatesЧoutЧlotЧusЧtheЧextensionЧolЧhisЧotЧhetЧˋheteЧliesƟЧ
ȰƪiĪʊΩĄĂ .Ч ltЧisЧnotЧtheЧdiscoutseЧolЧbeing- Ąľʢaćş-Death,ЧbutЧtheЧwtitingЧolЧ
theЧdeadЧonesȘЧhotizontalityЧasЧtheЧbitthЧolЧtheЧextensionЧolЧallЧoutЧbodies,Ч
allЧoutЧŢľćcЧĄĢaİЧ livingЧbodies¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч |,) .Ч
ToЧkeepЧ ¨givingЧtheЧkey¨Ч andЧinsctibeЧwhatЧlollowsЧtoЧtesonateЧwithЧitЧ
otЧtathetЧsetveЧasЧcountetpoint,ЧletЧusЧtecallЧhnallyЧthatЧNancyЧisЧalsoЧvetyЧ
sensitiveЧtoЧ theЧsttange-aĆľćcĄiƪ-telationЧthatЧHussetl'sЧ phenomenol-
ogy,ЧlikeЧevetythingЧthatЧttailsЧit,ЧhasЧwithЧitsЧownЧlimit.ЧltЧisЧaЧlimitЧthatЧitЧ
¨touches¨ЧandЧ¨ttansgtesses, ¨Чtoo,ЧbyЧtheЧsameЧtoken.ЧTheЧapotiaЧheteЧcon-
sistsЧ inЧtouching,Чattaining,Ч teaching,Ч andЧmeetingЧaЧlimitЧthatЧbatsЧanyЧ
passage,ЧtoЧbeЧsuteɨЧ butЧalso,ЧbyЧtheЧsameЧtoken,Ч inЧgettingЧembtoiledЧinЧ
theЧconttadictionЧthatЧconsistsЧinЧpassingЧtheЧlimitЧthatЧoneЧshouldЧnotЧ
ctossЧatЧtheЧmomentЧoneЧtouchesЧit.Ч lnЧaЧpassageЧevokedЧ eatliet,Ч NancyЧ
teletsЧ toЧ HussetlɒsЧ ǖaćĄcsiaİЧȭcşiĄaĄiľİsЧandЧspecihes.Ч ¨ltЧ isЧundoubted|yЧ
hete,Ч moteЧthanЧanywheteЧelse,Ч thatЧHussetlЧshowsЧhowЧphenomenologyЧ
itsellЧtouchesЧitsЧownЧlimitЧandЧexceedsЧit.ЧitЧisЧnoЧlongetЧtheЧegoicalЧcote,Ч
butЧtheЧwotldЧasЧaЧconstitutedЧsenseȘЧ thatЧshowsЧitsellЧtoЧbeЧconstitutiveЧ
ȰǖaćĄcsiaİЧȭcşiĄaĄiľİs,Ч p. Ч Ġ;/Ă Ļ ̖ЧTheЧ constitutionЧ isЧ itsellЧconstituted. ¨ƑЧ
lЧ teletЧtoЧthisЧasЧanЧapotiaЧbecause,ЧhtstЧolЧall,ЧconcetningЧtouch,Чevety-
thingЧstattedЧinЧthisЧ bookЧwithЧ whatЧAtistotleƟsЧ͑cćiЧĆsɆƪĢƼsЧ alteadyЧcallsЧ
apotias.Ч ßutЧitЧisЧalsoЧbecauseЧtheЧlotceЧolЧtheЧtematkableЧbookЧbyЧDidietЧ
ltanck,ЧǖĢaićЧcĄЧƪľćĆs̟ЧɷɆćЧhĕĆĢȸİľŢȸİľƭľʊicЧşcЧ̽ɆsscćʫЧ,wheteЧweЧateЧaboutЧ
toЧlollowЧcettainЧpathways)ЧpatticulatlyЧstemsЧltomЧitsЧownЧtitelessЧdebateЧ
withЧcettainЧapotiasЧolЧphenomenology. Ɣ ЧltЧisЧgteatlyЧtoЧhisЧcteditЧthatЧinЧ
namingЧ themЧ andЧ analyzingЧ themЧ asЧ such,Ч heЧ nevetЧ seeksЧ aЧptetextЧinЧ
themЧthatЧwouldЧleadЧhimЧtoЧaЧconclusiveЧvetdictЧolЧpatalysis,ЧotЧtoЧctiti-
cize,Ч disctedit,Ч disquali¦,Ч andЧevenЧ lessЧ toЧ abandonЧ otЧsimplyЧintettuptЧ
phenomenologicalЧwotk-evenЧwhenЧthisЧwotkЧwotksЧ againstЧtheЧptinci-
plesЧitЧputsЧlotwatdЧasЧitsЧown.Ч
TheЧh tstЧolЧtheseЧapotiasЧseemsЧtoЧptohibitЧanyЧaccessЧtoЧwhatЧdehnedЧ
theЧvetyЧpetspectiveЧolЧtheЧbook,ЧandЧitsЧptoblematicЧandЧptogtam,ЧthatЧis,Ч
anЧ¨analyticsЧolЧincatnation, ¨ĭЧwhichЧisЧsimultaneouslyЧinvitedЧandЧpto-
hibitedЧbyЧtheЧneed,Ч indicatedЧaboveЧallЧinЧtheЧ ǖaćĄcsiaİЧȭcşiĄaĄiľİs,Ч toЧ
takeЧintoЧaccountЧaЧ¨splittingЧolЧtheЧego¨ЧandЧtheЧ¨ptegivingЧ¸Ććȸ-şľİaĄiľİĂЧ
olЧtheЧaltetЧego.ЧɈěΘ
AlthoughЧltanckЧmentionsЧMetleau-lontyЧonlyЧinltequently,͖ЧweЧcanЧ
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ 22¸
imagineЧtheЧvittualЧptesenceЧolЧtheЧlattet'sЧwayЧolЧtteatingЧûƛ esh-andЧpte-
ciselyЧinЧhisЧtelationshipЧwithЧHussetl.Ч ßutЧweЧcanЧalsoЧ imagineЧ aЧchatgedЧ
silenceЧdiscteetlyЧhlledЧwithЧimplicit,ЧvittualЧ tesetvationsЧaboutЧMetleau-
lonty'sЧteadingЧolЧHussetŤ,ЧsomehowЧsutveyingЧhimЧltomЧabove,ЧpteciselyЧ
onЧtheЧsubjectЧolЧEinĨh/angΘandЧtheЧaltetЧego.Ч1heЧhtstЧapotiaЧwouldЧthusЧ
haveЧtoЧdoЧwithЧtheЧclosingЧolЧanЧegology,ЧtheЧteductionЧtoЧtheЧsidssΘegoЧi nЧ
whichЧintuition-likeЧtheЧvatiationЧthatЧleadsЧthete-cannotЧlailЧtoЧpte-
supposeЧtheЧgivingЧolЧothetЧegos.Ч1heЧaltetnativeЧwouldЧthenЧbeЧbetween,Ч
onЧtheЧoneЧhand,ЧaЧbteakingЧawayЧltomЧsolipsismЧ ¨withoutЧphenomeno-
logicalЧj ustihcation,¨Чand,ЧonЧtheЧothet,ЧtheЧ¨skepticalЧabsutdity¨ЧolЧaЧ¨ttan-
scendentalЧ empiticism. ¨ ЧNotingЧthatЧthisЧ ¨apotiȂЧ ¨hasЧ notЧescapedЧHus-
setl'sЧvigilance,¨ЧltanckЧimmediatelyЧannouncesЧthatЧtheЧ¨solution¨ЧmightЧ
comeЧbyЧwayЧolЧanЧanalysisЧolЧtheЧimmanentЧtempotalityЧolЧtheЧego,ЧwhichЧ
wouldЧbtingЧoutЧeithetЧaЧdoublingЧolЧtheЧHux,ЧandЧthusЧtheЧinvolvementЧolЧ
theЧaltetЧegoЧinЧtheЧsidssΘego,Ч otЧtheЧtakingЧintoЧ accountЧ olЧanЧ ¨atchelac-
ticity¨Ч _|ȣ//izi/̴/}Θ olЧtheЧego-twoЧthingsЧthatЧHussetlЧseemsЧmoteovetЧ
toЧ tecognizeЧ inЧaЧ textЧltomЧJ¸)J thatЧ ltanckЧ citesЧ ,Chai·Θs/Θcs·¸s,Θ p.Ч 6/) ̠ Ч
¨1eleology.ЧlmplicationЧolЧtheЧsidssΘttanscendentalЧintetsubjectivityЧi nЧtheЧ
sidssΘttanscendentalЧego.ЧlactЧandЧsidss. ¨¨Θ
lnsteadЧ olЧgoingЧ alongЧwithЧ a//ΘtheЧ consequencesЧ thatЧ ltanckЧdtawsЧ
ltomЧthis,Ч stepЧ byЧstepЧ ,itЧwouldЧbeЧnecessatyЧtoЧdoЧthisЧ butЧisЧimpossibleЧ
hete) ,Ч lЧ limitЧmysell,Ч asЧalways,Ч toЧwhatЧtouchesЧonЧtouching,ЧandЧmoteЧ
pteciselyЧcontactЧasЧ ¨contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesel΋¨Ч Now,Ч altetЧheЧhasЧ
takenЧintoЧaccountЧtheЧlamousЧpassagesЧaboutЧtouchingЧinЧIdsasΘII,Θ altetЧ
heЧhasЧ answetedЧ¨pethaps¨ЧtoЧ theЧ questionЧseekingЧtoЧ hě ndЧoutЧ whethetЧ
¨touching,ЧasЧcontactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesellЧhtstЧolЧall, ¨Чconstitutes,Ч inas-
muchЧasЧitЧisЧû eshly,Ч theЧsuppottЧolЧlocalizedЧsensations, ǀ ͏ ЧltanckЧtakesЧonЧ
theЧthemeЧ ,whichЧheЧviewsЧasЧessential)Ч olЧaЧsottЧolЧptiotityЧolЧû eshЧovetЧ
immanentЧtime.Ч HeЧ thenЧ comesЧ toЧ nameЧ contactЧ ,¨whichЧisЧtoЧsayЧcon-
tact,ЧatЧbottom, ¨ЧheЧnotesЧinЧpatentheses)Ч asЧtheЧvetyЧthingЧitsellЧ,¨Hesh, ¨Ч
inЧttuth,Ч ¨touching,ЧasЧcontactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesellЧhtstЧolЧall¨)ЧthatЧi sЧ
ptesupposedЧbyЧimmanentЧtempotalityЧitsellЧandЧisЧtheteloteЧwhatЧwouldЧ
¸·scsdsΘtimeЧitsell,ЧbyЧteasonЧolЧthisЧptesupposition.ЧWithoutЧû eshЧ,thatЧis,Ч
withoutЧcontact) ,Ч theteЧ isЧ noЧputeЧtempotalization. Ч latЧ ltomЧbeingЧhtstЧ
andЧbeingЧonlyЧ,asЧabsoluteЧptoximity)Ч theЧsell-ptesenceЧolЧaЧspatialЧhs·s,Θ
contactЧisЧwhatЧ makesЧ possibleЧtheЧ tempotalizationЧolЧtime.ЧContactЧgivesЧ
time-aЧlotmulaЧthatЧcomesЧbackЧmoteЧthanЧonceЧinЧtheseЧpages.Ч ßutЧitЧisЧ
ltomЧanЧ¨absoluteЧmovement, ¨Ч notЧ tempotalЧandЧyetЧtheЧotiginЧolЧtime,Ч
zz?Ч Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ''F/ssh"Θ
thatЧthisЧcontactЧmaƃesЧtempotalizationЧpossible.ЧContact,ЧatЧtheЧotiginЧolЧ
time,ЧisЧns/Θ¸s/Θtempotal.Ч
WhatЧisЧimpottantЧlotЧltancƃ,ЧasЧitЧwete,ЧisЧthatЧ¨ûįesh¨Ч,hete,ЧcontactЧit-
selňЧ ¨ ,whichЧisЧtoЧsayЧcontact,ЧatЧbottom) , ¨Ч¨contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧone-
sell¨)Ч ¨ptecedes¨ЧtimeЧinЧaЧway,Ч andЧthusЧitЧisЧ ltomЧanЧuntempotal locusЧ
thatЧcontactЧgivesЧtime.ЧßeloteЧweЧtecognizeЧtheЧptogtammaticЧconsequenceЧ
thatЧltancƃЧdtawsЧltomЧthisЧ ,beyondЧ HussetlЧ andЧHeidegget,Ч ilЧoneЧmayЧ
sayЧso,Ч andЧheЧdoesЧsayЧit) ,ЧletЧusЧlocusЧonЧtheЧdecisiveЧmomentЧinЧtheЧse-
quenceЧolЧhisЧatgumentЧwheteЧ¨contact¨ЧisЧtenamedЧandЧdehned,ЧinЧsum,Ч
asЧ¨untempotal, ¨ЧtoЧwhichЧlЧ teletЧtheЧteadet.Ч¨HeshЧmustЧalwaysЧ beЧgivenЧ
inЧtheЧHuxЧolЧtime,ЧothetwiseЧtheЧnow-momentЧolЧtheЧtoneЧcouldЧnevetЧbeЧ
Ÿ incatnate, ' ЧasЧtheЧŷLectutesЧonЧ1ime' Ǡ Ǡ ЧputЧit. ЧlnЧaddition,ЧHeshЧmustЧŦpte-
cede'Ч tempotalityЧilЧtempotalityЧisЧconstitutedЧinЧ aЧhyleticЧ Hux¨Ч , ltancƃ,Ч
Chai·Θs/Θcs·¸s,Θ p. ЧƒĘƶƱ .Ϟ
lnЧ puttingЧtheЧwotdЧ ¨ptecede¨Ч inЧquotes,Ч ltancƃЧ thusЧ designatesЧ thisЧ
untempotalЧantetiotityЧ,whichЧisЧolЧcoutseЧinconceivableЧandЧunsayable.Ч
howЧisЧoneЧtoЧ¨pĒecede¨Чtime:ЧWhatЧisЧthisЧtempotalЧ¨notЧyet¨: ) . ЧHeЧdoesЧ
holdЧtoЧthisЧ untempotalЧantetiotity,Ч andЧthisЧexplainsЧtheЧmeaningЧolЧhisЧ
¨inЧaddition, ¨ЧthatЧis,ЧolЧthisЧptoblematicЧovetbidЧmaƃingЧitЧpetmissibleЧtoЧ
goЧ ltomЧaЧ¨Hesh¨Ч ¨always¨Ч ¨givenЧinЧtheЧHuxЧolЧtime¨ЧtoЧaЧHeshЧsupposedЧ
toЧ¨ptecede¨Ч time.Ч ¨ŅnЧ addition,Чûđ eshЧmustЧŸptecede'ЧtempotalityЧilЧtem-
potalityЧisЧconstitutedЧinЧaЧhyleticЧûđux. ¨ЧWhyЧshouldЧthatЧwhichЧisЧalwaysЧ
givenЧ inЧ timeЧ¨ptecede¨Чtime:Ч
1hisЧquestionЧisЧolЧintetestЧtoЧusЧhete-inЧitsellЧasЧwellЧasЧbeyondЧtheЧin-
tetptetativeЧdiscussionЧinЧwhichЧlЧshͭllЧbtieHyЧindulge.ЧltЧisЧolЧintetestЧtoЧusЧ
wheteЧitЧ¨touches¨Ч onЧanЧexpetienceЧolЧtactilityЧandЧtouchingЧolЧtheЧothetЧ
-inЧtheЧcatess,ЧlotЧexample.Ч ,ßutЧitЧwillЧhaveЧbecomeЧnoticeableЧthatЧlЧal-
waysЧ wottyЧ aЧ littleЧ aboutЧ cettainЧ connotationsЧ olЧtheЧ wotd,Ч lЧ meanЧ theЧ
¨wotd¨Ч ¨catess¨Ч andЧnotЧallЧtheЧ¨things¨ЧthatЧitЧputpottsЧtoЧname,ЧasЧmuchЧ
asЧŅЧwottyЧaboutЧthoseЧtoo,Ч theЧsame,ЧlotЧtheЧsameЧteasons,ЧatЧbottom, ЧolЧ
theЧwotdЧ¨Hesh¨ЧandЧtheЧcatnal,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧsayЧtheЧchetishingЧandЧdeatЧ
_ca·as}Θ chatityЧ_ca·i/as¦Θ inЧtheЧcatessЧolЧtheЧlotmet,ЧandЧtheЧincatnationЧǨca·͜,Θ
ca·nis¦Θ olЧtheЧlattet.)ЧWhatЧ isЧtheЧ timeЧolЧtouching:ЧDoesЧtouching-doesЧ
theЧtactilityЧolЧcon-tact,ЧinЧtheЧsyncopatedЧintettuptionЧthatЧallowsЧitsЧad-
vent-giveЧtimeЧotЧtettactЧit:ЧDoesЧitЧgiveЧit,ЧallЧtheЧwhileЧtettactingЧit,Чte-
ttacingЧ it:Ч DoesЧ itЧtettactЧitЧ inЧ givingЧ it:ЧWhatЧaboutЧ thisЧ tettactionЧ otЧ
withdtawalЧolЧaЧgilt:ЧWhatЧtelationЧisЧtheteЧwithЧsyncopesЧandЧtheЧshatingЧ
²

Iangsn/ΘIǦΘ 22¸
outЧandЧpattingЧ olЧtime`ЧWbatЧ telationЧ witbЧ spacingЧandЧmetonymies,Ч
plasticity,Чptostbetics,ЧandЧtecbnics,ЧwbicbЧateЧimpottantЧlotЧusЧbeteЧinЧtbeЧ
ecotecbnicsЧandЧ/schnëΘolЧbodies:ЧAndЧsoЧlottb.Ч
lЧwouldЧinvokeЧtbeЧdoubleЧmotiňЧwbicbЧisЧclassicalЧinЧHussetl,ЧolЧs¸schëΘ
andЧtbeЧnontealЧ_nsnĂ·és//s¦Θ inclusionЧolЧnoemataЧinЧtbeЧpbenomenologicalЧ
lileЧ,Eͣ/s/nis)ΘolЧconsciousnessЧbete,ЧilЧlЧbadЧtoЧbtingЧlottbЧatgumentsЧltomЧ
aЧpointЧolЧ viewЧtbatЧwouldЧbeЧneitbetЧNancyƉsЧnotЧltanck'sЧ,andЧyetЧwouldЧ
notЧopposeЧtbem)Ч aboutЧwbatЧ¸hsnsmsns/sgica/µΘsœs¸sndsΘcontactЧinΘcon-
tactЧandЧdividesЧitЧtigbtЧwitbinЧtactileЧexpetienceЧinЧgenetal,ЧtbusЧinsctibingЧ
anЧanestheticЧintettuptionЧintoЧtbeЧbeattЧolЧaestbesicЧpbenomenality.Ч OnΘ
/hsΘsnsΘhandΘltomЧtbeЧtbtesboldЧolЧitsЧpossibiƄityЧonwatd,ЧepocbalЧteduc-
tionЧ suspendsЧ tbeЧ tealityЧolЧcontactЧ inЧotdetЧtoЧ delivetЧ itsЧ intentionalЧ otЧ
pbenomenalЧsense.ЧtbisЧintettuptionЧotЧsuspensiveЧconvetsionЧgivesЧmeЧtbeЧ
ssnssΘolЧcontact,Ч asЧsucb.ЧlЧtbeteloteЧcannotЧlullyЧbaveЧ/s/hΘcontactЧandΘtbeЧ
senseЧolЧcontactģЧlotЧsnΘ/hsΘs/hs·Θhand-anotbetЧintettuption,ЧanotbetЧcon-
vetsion,Ч anotbetЧ unpettainingЧ _désa¸¸a·/snancs¦ -tb˺Θ noematicЧ contentЧ
,cottespondingЧtoЧtbeЧincludedness,ЧwbicbЧisЧtbenЧteal,ЧolЧaЧbylomotpbicЧ
noesisЧotЧcottelation)ЧcanЧonlyЧappeatЧandЧcanЧonlyЧbeЧpbenomenalized,ЧbyЧ
·sa/µΘpettainingЧnsi/hs·ΘtoЧtbeЧtoucbedЧ tbingЧ,wbatevetЧitЧis,Ч ttanscendentЧ
otЧimmanentЧtbing,ЧmyЧskinЧotЧtbeЧotbetƉs)Ч ns·ΘtoЧtbeЧstullЧolЧmyЧE·/s/nis.Θ
SucbЧisЧtbeЧlawЧolЧ¸hainss/hai.ΘTbisЧdoubleЧpossibilityЧ,s¸schëΘandЧ ·sa/Θnon-
pettainingЧolЧtbeЧintentionalЧsenseЧcontent)ЧwouldЧopenЧupЧtbeЧspacingЧolЧ
aЧdistance,ЧaЧdisЧ adbetingЧ¸désadhé
Ƣ
ancs¦ ,ΘaЧdȇ̓·ancsΘinЧtbeЧvetyЧ¨inside¨ЧolЧ
baptics-andЧais/hësisΘinЧgenetal.ЧWitboutЧtbisЧdq őncs,Θ tbeteЧwouldЧbeЧ
noЧcontactЧasΘsœchĈΘcontactЧwouldЧnotЧappeat,ЧbutЧwitbЧtbisЧdq ·ancs,Θcon-
tactЧnevetЧappeatsЧ inЧitsЧlullЧputity,Ч nevetЧinЧanyЧimmediateЧplenitude,Ч ei-
tbet.Ч lnЧbotbЧcases,ЧtbeЧpbenomenality,Ч otЧtbeЧpbenomenology,Ч olЧcontactЧ
isЧintettuptedЧotЧdivetted,Ч itЧisЧsuspendedЧinΘ·isaΘs¸Θcsn/ac/.Θ SucbЧbapticalЧ
,otЧaestbesicЧinЧgenetal)Чdq ·ancs,ΘwbicbЧisЧintettuption,Чintetposition,Чde-
toutЧolЧtbeЧbetweenЧinΘ/hsΘmidd/sΘolЧcontact,ЧcouldЧanalogicallyЧopenЧontoЧ
wbatЧNancyЧcallsЧaЧ¨syncope¨ЧotЧwbatЧCbtͻtienЧtetmsЧin/s··aȓΘ tbeЧ¨intet-
vallicЧ cbatactetЧolЧtoucbЧitsell, ¨ЧinЧaЧbookЧtoЧwbicbЧweЧ sballЧ soonЧtelet. Ə ' Ч
ßutЧwbatevetЧconctete,Ч¨tecbnical, ¨Чot Ч¨ptostbetic¨ЧlotmЧi t ЧweatsЧtoЧdetet-
mineЧ itsellЧbetweenЧ aЧskinЧandЧsometbing,Ч otЧbetweenЧtwoЧskǚnsЧ ,insttu-
ments,Чveils,Чclotbing,Чgloves,Чcondoms,ЧandЧsoЧon) ,ЧtbisЧdq ·ancsΘolЧtbeЧ/sΑ
/assn,ΘtbisЧelementatyЧdq őncsΘolЧintetŌpositionЧotЧintetvalsЧbetweenЧtwoЧ
sutlacesЧ isЧ atЧ tbeЧ sameЧ timeЧ tbeЧ conditionЧ olЧcontactЧ andЧ tbeЧ otiginatilyЧ
spacedЧ openingЧtbatЧcallsЧlotЧtecbnicalЧptostbeticsЧandЧmakesЧitЧpossible,Ч
2)O Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
withoutЧanyЧdelay.ЧWhatЧcallsЧlotЧ¨technics, ¨Чthen,Ч isЧphenomenologicalЧne-
cessityЧ itselſЧ ltЧisЧnotЧevenЧaЧmoment,ЧitЧisЧanЧanss/hs/icΘinstance,ЧaЧunpet-
tainingЧthatЧmaintainsЧitsЧholdЧonЧaesthesicЧappettainingЧotЧpatticipation,Ч
andЧpettainsЧtoЧ it-thatЧisЧtoЧsayЧinsensibilityЧin,ЧandЧas,Чsensibility,Чanes-
theticsЧasЧtheЧvetyЧecstasyЧatЧtheЧheattЧolЧpleasuteLjЧ lhenomenologiesЧmustЧ
bowЧbeloteЧtheЧttuthЧolЧthisЧecstasy-notЧgiveЧupЧinЧltontЧolЧpleasute,ЧbutЧ
plyЧitЧandЧptay.ЧlacedЧwithЧpleasuteЧasЧdq ·ancs.Θlly,Чplait,Чptay,Ч andЧinventЧ
substitutes,Чptostheses,Чletishes,Чcultute,Чtechnics-thatЧis,ЧallЧolЧ¨histoty, ¨Ч
asЧitЧwete,ЧbeloteЧandЧbeyondЧ¨theЧhandЧolЧman. ¨Ч
LetЧusЧnowЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧtheЧpassageЧinЧwhichЧltanckЧputsЧ theЧwotdЧ
¨ptecede¨Ч inЧ quotationЧ matksЧ ,¨ûđ eshЧ mustЧ ptecede'Ч tempotality¨) .Ч 1heЧ
questionЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧtheЧoneЧtaisedЧbyЧtheЧconvetsionЧolЧomnitempo-
talityЧintoЧuntempotalityЧinЧtheЧnextЧpatagtaph.Ч1heЧnetveЧolЧtheЧatgu-
mentЧseemsЧatЧtheЧsameЧtimeЧpowetluĦЧandЧttoubling,ЧinЧaccotdanceЧwithЧ
aЧnecessityЧthatЧisЧlogicalЧyetЧatbittaty.Ч lotЧwhatЧ¨givesЧtime, ¨ЧwhatЧmakesЧ
timeЧpossibĦe,ЧotЧevenЧwhatЧisЧcoextensiveЧwithЧtime,Ч thatЧis,Ч omnitempo-
tal,ЧwouldЧns/ΘbeЧ/sm¸s·a/,ΘatЧleastЧnotЧinΘ/ims.Θ1hisЧatgumentЧintetestsЧusЧ
heteЧtoЧ theЧvetyЧextentЧthatЧwhatЧisЧthusЧdesignated,ЧwhatЧisЧsupposedlyЧ
¨pteceding¨Чtime-withЧallЧtheЧconsequencesЧthatЧltanckЧwantsЧtoЧdtawЧ
ltomЧthis-isЧaЧhyleticЧsensualityЧolЧHeshЧasЧcsn/ac/,ΘcontactЧasЧsell-contact.Ч
HowevetϞ sttaugeϞ thisϞ ptiotityϞ olϞûeshϞ ovetϞ immaueutϞ t|meϞ mayϞ appeat,Ϟ
sttaugetϞstillϞisϞthatϞ thisϞ hasϞ uotϞ escapedϞHussetl.ϞTheϞ lattetϞhadϞ alteadyϞim-
pliedϞthisϞptiotityϞiuϞtheϞtextϞwheteϞheϞctiticizedϞhisϞowuϞaualysisϞolϞiutetualϞ
time-cousciousuessϞaudϞaskedϞhimsellϞwhethetϞheϞshouldϞuotϞptesumeϞaϞuui-
vetsalϞiuteutioualityϞolϞimpulsesϞthatϞwouldϞcoustituteϞallϞotigiuatyϞpteseutϞ
audϞeusuteϞtheϞuuityϞolϞtheϞûƂux,Ϟ'ǿ˰audϞheϞexptesslyϞackuowledgesϞaudϞtecog-
uizesϞthisϞptiotityϞiuϞaϞi,,oϞmauusctipt.Ϟ
luϞtheϞûuxϞolϞptimotdialϞpteseuce,ϞweϞhaveϞaϞbodilyϞpetceptiou,ϞalwaysϞal-
teadyϞ,immer˰schon)˰audϞimmutablyϞ,ana/ɐnder/ich) ,˰ audϞthusϞiuϞtheϞtem-
potalizatiouϞ olϞimmaueutϞ time,Ϟ myϞ bodilyϞ petceptiouϞ coutiuuallyϞ goesϞ
thtoughϞthisϞwholeϞtime,ϞomuitempotallyϞcoustitutiugϞthisϞbodyϞsyutheti-
cally,Ϟideutically. ˮ ˽ Ϟ
,ltauck,Ϟ Chair˰et˰cor¸s,˰ p. Ϟi,o)Ϟ
ltЧwillЧhaveЧbeenЧ notedЧthatЧHussetlЧheteЧinЧnoЧwayЧspeaksЧ olЧanyЧ¨pti-
otity¨Ч olЧHeshЧovetЧ time,Ч thoughЧltanckЧgivesЧ himЧ cteditЧlotЧ notЧ havingЧ
distegatdedЧ thisЧ ¨ptiotity. ¨Ч HussetlЧ speaksЧ olЧomnitempotality,Ч andЧcon-
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ 2) I
tinuallyЧgoingЧthtough-andЧthisЧi s ЧsomethingЧdilletent.ЧNotЧdoesЧheЧsayЧ
thatЧthisЧcontinualЧ movement-evenЧilЧitЧisЧindissociableЧltomЧtempotal-
iĵation-isЧtheЧ¨otigin¨ЧolЧtime.Ч1oЧ beЧsute,ЧtheЧttanslationЧolЧsmni/sm¸s-
·a/i/¸ΘbyЧan/sm¸s·a/i/¸,ΘandЧtempotaliĵationЧmovementЧotЧ¨absoluteЧmove-
ment¨Ч byЧ ¨otigin¨Ч olЧtimeЧ isЧ notЧ putelyЧ atbittaty.Ч EvenЧ ilЧitЧ mayЧ seemЧ
tathetЧviolentЧhete,Ч itЧcouldЧh ndЧitsЧj ustih cationЧinЧsomeЧlongЧdetoutsЧin-
sideЧandЧoutsideЧHussetl'sЧtext.ЧHowevet,ЧbeyondЧaЧtigotousЧteadingЧolЧthisЧ
HussetlianЧmanusctipt,ЧwhatЧcomesЧtoЧlightЧheteЧisЧtheЧaimЧolЧthisЧintetest-
ingЧlotcedЧintetptetationЧinЧltanckˌsЧsttategyЧpteciselyЧwheteЧitЧisЧaЧquestionЧ
olЧcsn/ac/,Θ ¨contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesell¨Ч -lotЧthisЧisЧoutЧsoleЧthematicЧ
locusЧ hete-andЧ aЧcettainЧ connectionЧbetweenЧcsn/ac/ΘandЧcsn-/ingsnc¸.Θ
LetЧusЧ teadЧ whatЧ lollowsЧbeloteЧbeingЧmoteЧspecihƁcЧaboutЧthisЧaim.Ч1heЧ
passageЧptesentsЧitsellЧasЧaЧcommentatyЧotЧtathetЧtheЧconsequenceЧdtawnЧ
ltomЧtheЧmanusctiptЧthatЧwasЧj ustЧcited.Ч
llϞtheϞpetceptiouϞolϞtheϞŤeshϞolϞmyϞbodyϞptopet,ϞwhichϞcauϞheteϞoulyϞmeauϞ
theϞpetceptiouϞolϞmyϞŤƃeshϞbyϞitsellϞ,whichϞisϞtoϞsayϞcoutact,ϞatϞbottom) ,Ϟcou-
tiuuallyϞaudϞiutegtallyϞttavetsesϞtime,ϞitϞisϞbecauseϞitϞisϞtheϞvetyϞ¨movemeut¨ϞolϞ
tempotalizatiou,ϞauϞabsoluteϞmovemeut,ϞwhichϞmoteovetϞisϞuotϞtempotalϞbe-
causeϞtimeϞh udsϞitsϞotigiuϞiuϞitĖϞlleshϞcoustitutesϞtime,ϞbutϞsiuceϞevetyϞŤeshϞ
beatsϞ upouϞ auothetϞŤ esh,Ϟ oueϞcauϞsayϞthatϞcatualϞdilleteuceϞaudϞcatualϞtela-
tioushipsϞateϞtempotaliziugϞtime.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ i,oȡ,i)Ϟ
AbuttingЧonЧtime,ЧonЧtheЧtempotaliĵationЧolЧtime,ЧatЧtheЧotiginЧolЧtheЧ
synthesisЧolЧtimeЧasЧtelationЧandЧlinkingЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesell,ЧltomЧoneЧ
nowЧtoЧanothet,Ч theteЧisЧcontact,ЧHesh,Ч¨contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesell,¨Ч
¨ , Ч. . . Ч contact,ЧatЧbottom)ǡ-theЧtimeЧtoЧgiveЧandЧbeЧgivenЧtime,ЧtheЧtimeЧ
toЧtouchЧandЧbeЧtouched,ЧasЧwell.Ч1heЧaimЧolЧthisЧaudaciousЧintetptetationЧ
isЧatЧleastЧdouble.ЧLetЧusЧquickly-tooЧquickly-mentionЧtheЧtwoЧgestutesЧ
positingЧtheЧneed,Ч htst,Ч toЧovettunЧtheЧboundsЧolЧaЧcettainЧintentionalЧan-
alyticsЧtowatdЧanЧexistentialЧanalyticsЧ,ltomЧaЧcettainЧHussetʬЧtowatdЧaЧcet-
tainЧ Heidegget) ,Ч then,Ч second,Ч toЧ ovettunЧ suchЧanЧ existentialЧ analytics,Ч
whichЧwouldЧonlyЧbeЧ¨otientedЧandЧdominatedЧbyЧtempotality¨Ч,SsinΘandΘ
Zsi/,Θ asЧitЧwete) .Ч1heЧtwoЧmovementsЧwouldЧbeЧmadeЧnecessatyЧbyЧwhatЧ
linksЧ contactЧ ,ûʖ esh,Ч atЧbottom, Ч ¨contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧ onesell¨)ЧwithЧ
atchelacticity asЧcon-tingency,Ч andЧonЧtheЧothetЧhand,Ч asЧweЧj ustЧsaw,ЧbyЧ
what,ЧinЧtheЧcontactЧolЧûesh,Ч inЧHeshЧasЧ contact,Ч¸·scsdssΘtimeũ Ə ż Ч
LetЧusЧtathetЧtendЧt oЧthisЧconnectionЧbetweenЧcontactЧandЧcontingency.Ч
LatinЧahotdsЧ usЧ thisЧchance-aЧchanceЧthatЧltanckЧinvests,ЧandЧinЧwhichЧ
2)2 Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ȿF/ssh"Θ
heЧinvestsЧinЧaЧvetyЧactiveЧlashion.Ч lŕЧallowsЧhimЧtoЧarticulateЧbetweenЧtheЧ
twoЧ theЧhaptocenterednessЧolЧIdsasΘIIΘ,aboutЧtheЧconsŕitutionЧolЧtheЧLsi/Θ
andЧiŕsЧsell-relationЧbyЧwayЧolЧtouchЧonlyŋЧ andЧtheЧthemeЧolЧanЧarchelac-
ticityЧ olЧtheЧ ¨ûesh¨Ч orЧtatherЧ ¨carnalЧ dilletence, ¨ЧwhichЧ tesistsЧ aЧ certainЧ
phenomenology,Ч thatЧis,Ч bothЧ itsЧ eideticsЧ andЧtheЧ¨variation¨ЧthatЧitЧim-
plies,ЧandЧaЧkindЧolЧcontractЧbetweenЧphenomenalityЧandЧintentionality.Ч llЧ
aЧsingleЧwotd-theЧbestЧwotd,ЧinЧaЧwotd-namedЧtheЧconnectionЧbetweenЧ
archelacticityЧandЧtouching,Ч itЧwouldЧbeЧ¨contingency. ¨ Ч1heЧwotdЧ¨con-
tingent¨ЧretainsЧallЧtheЧtesoutcesЧobtainedЧltomЧitsЧphilosophicalЧhliation,Ч
whileЧalsoЧemancipatingЧitsellЧlromЧit,ЧbecomingЧyoungerЧinЧoneЧblow,ЧandЧ
itЧthusЧteappeatsЧatЧtheЧendЧolЧtheЧbook,ЧwithЧaЧhyphenЧthatЧrecallsЧandЧun-
detscoresЧitsЧetymologicalЧcontactЧwithЧtouching. ū ɢЧßutЧinЧanЧearlietЧchap-
ŕer,Ч¨1heЧCatessЧandЧtheЧShock¨Ч ¸¨LaЧcatesseЧetЧǼeЧchoc¨¦ ,Чƒ ēȡitЧwasЧalreadyЧaЧ
stronglyЧvestedЧwotd.Ч lorЧsevetalЧteasons-sttategicЧandЧsemanticЧones,ЧinЧ
aЧway-thisЧchapterЧisЧpatticulatlyЧimpottantЧlorЧusЧhete.Ч
Ġ.Ч OnЧ theЧ oneЧhand,Ч thisЧ chapterЧstepsЧ lotwatd,Ч soЧtoЧ speak,Ч toЧ meetЧ
whatЧisЧtermedЧ¨apotia¨Ч onЧseveralЧ occasionsЧ ,andЧsinceЧtheЧh rstЧmentionЧ
olЧAristotleЧatЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧthisЧbook,ЧlЧhaveЧsaidЧwhyЧthisЧwordЧseemsЧ
necessaryЧŕoЧ us,ЧandЧwhyЧweЧmightЧh ndЧitЧenlighteningЧilЧweЧaccompanyЧ
itЧthtoughoutЧthisЧwholeЧhistoryЧolЧphilosophyЧasЧtheЧapoteticЧhistotyЧolЧaЧ
haptologyЧandЧ anЧ ,ovetŋintetpretationЧ olЧtouchŋ .Ч 2. 1hen,Ч onЧ theЧothetЧ
hand,ЧthisЧchapterЧlastensЧuponЧaЧteletenceЧtoЧtheЧpassageЧinЧIdsasΘIIΘdeal-
ingЧwithЧ theЧ privilegeЧ olЧtouchЧ inЧtheЧ constitutionЧ olЧtheЧ bodyЧ ptoper.Ч
lranckЧputsЧ theЧwordЧotЧconceptЧolЧcsn/ingsncsΘ¸contingencyIJЧ inЧchargeЧolЧ
aЧdilhƂ cult,ЧorЧevenЧimpossible,Чmission. ЧtakeЧonЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧhl-
iationЧandЧdriveЧitЧwheteЧitЧseemsЧnotЧtoЧhaveЧbeenЧableЧtoЧgo.ЧHeЧdoesЧthisЧ
byЧh nallyЧproposingЧaЧseriesЧolЧ¨petlotmative¨Ч decisions,ЧandЧcomingЧupЧ
withЧnamesЧorЧnicknames-theЧwordЧ¨con-tingency,¨ЧamongЧthem,ЧisЧnotЧ
alone,ЧasЧweЧshallЧseeЧinЧaЧmoment. Ч
LetЧusЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧthisЧconhgutation.Ч|ustЧbeloteЧtheЧopeningЧolЧtheЧ
chapŕerЧ¨1heЧCaressЧandЧtheЧShock, ¨Ч ltanckЧtecallsЧtheЧ¨apotias¨ЧthatЧheЧ
hasЧlollowedЧinЧtheitЧdevelopmentЧ,ibid. , Чp. ЧĠ;;ŋЧ andЧconcentratesЧthisЧteČ
mindetЧaroundЧtheЧnotionЧolЧlƌȢsch/ang,Θ intetlacingЧ¸sn/·s/acsmsn/¦Θ ,now,Ч
atЧleastЧsinceЧMetleau-lonty,Ч commonlyЧttanslatedЧintoЧltenchЧbyЧsn/·s/acsΘ
andЧinŕoЧĀnglishЧbyЧ¨interŕwining¨ŋ-here,Чh tsŕЧolЧall,ЧŕheЧinterŕwiningЧbe-
tweenЧotiginatyЧ¸·sssn/a/isnΘandЧ,inditect,Чanalogical,ЧempathicŋЧa¸¸·sssnLj
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ 2))
/a/isn.Θ1heЧintertwiningЧbetweenЧpresentЧandЧnonprʁsentЧisЧwhatЧensuresЧ
¨theЧpresenceЧolЧtheЧalterЧegoЧatЧtheЧveryЧheartЧolЧtheЧego¨ЧandЧbyЧtheЧsameЧ
toŔen,ЧbyЧnotЧleavingЧphenomenologyЧpowerlessЧbeloĒeЧtheЧproblemЧolЧtheЧ
other,ЧprovidesЧitЧwithЧaЧthreateningЧ resourceǸЧ itЧcanЧnoЧlongerЧretreatЧto-
wardЧanЧegologicalЧsphereЧthatЧisЧabsolutelyЧproper,ЧbyЧwayЧolЧtranscenden-
talЧreduction.ЧŮdЧso,ЧinЧtheЧnextЧchapter,Ч¨1heЧCaressЧandЧtheЧShocŔ,¨ЧtheЧ
wordЧ¨aporia¨Чreappears,Ч andЧthenЧitЧisЧaЧmatterЧolЧlollowingЧtheЧehortsЧolЧ
anЧintentionalЧanalysisЧtoЧ¨resolveЧtheЧaporia¨ЧolЧaЧ¨presentation¨ЧthatЧisЧ¨atЧ
theЧsameЧtime¨Ч ,zag/sich)Θ ¨appresentation¨Ч ,ibid. , Чpp.Чǰ 6oȜ6i) .Ч
1heЧ readerЧolЧtheseЧ twoЧ pagesЧ mayЧjudgeЧhowЧrichЧ andЧnecessaryЧtheyЧ
are.Ч lЧ shallЧ doЧ noЧ moreЧ thanЧ retainЧ lromЧthemЧ twoЧpowerlulЧ initiatives,Ч
whichЧhaveЧinЧ commonЧ thatЧtheyЧareЧpartialЧtoЧwritingЧandЧnamingЧandЧ
entailЧconsiderablyЧimportantЧstaŔesЧinЧeachЧinstance.ЧAtЧissue,ЧsnΘ/hsΘsnsΘ
handΘ,A) ,Ч isЧwhatЧtheЧwordsЧ¨û esh, ¨Ч¨Ƙeshly,¨Ч¨incarnate, ¨ЧandЧ¨incarna-
tion¨ЧareЧinЧchargeЧolЧ/·ans/a/ing,Θ and,ЧsnΘ/hsΘs/hs·ΘhandΘ, ß) , ЧtheЧthreeЧval-
uesЧthatЧtheЧwordЧ¨con-tingency¨ЧhasЧasЧitsЧmissionЧtoЧcsndsnss.Θ1herelore.Ч
/·ans/a/isnΘandЧcsndsnsa/isn.Θ
^.ĕ IȜans/a/isn.ΘlЧhaveЧalreadyЧevoŔedЧthisЧdelicateЧpassageЧacrossЧtheЧbor-
derЧbetweenЧGermanЧandЧlrench.Ч SinceЧMerleau-lonty,Ч theЧmoreЧorЧlessЧ
systematicЧtranslationЧolЧLsi/ΘbyЧ¨û esh¨Ч ¸chai·¦Θ may,Ч strictlyЧspeaŔing,Ч beЧ
j ustih ed.ЧWeЧ couldЧsubstituteЧ¨ûesh¨Ч lorЧ¨bodyЧproper¨ЧlorЧtheЧgoodЧrea-
sonsЧthatЧlrancŔЧgivesЧlorЧdoingЧsoЧ,ibid. ,Чp.Ч ))ĕ , ' ű ΘdespiteЧtheЧrisŔЧolЧsomeЧ
unerasableЧconnotationsЧthatЧ¨ûǜesh¨ЧmayЧrisŔЧimporting,ЧbeЧitЧnoted,ЧwhereЧ
theЧ questionЧ olЧtheЧ ¨ChristianЧ body¨Ч ŔeepsЧ reopening.Ч 1oЧ beЧ sure,Ч notЧ
everythingЧinЧtheЧwordЧ¨ûđesh¨ЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧChristianЧsemantics,Чassert-
ingЧsuchЧ aЧ thingЧwouldЧ beЧabsurdЧorЧimprudent.Ч However,Ч itЧwouldЧ beЧ
equallyЧimprudentЧtoЧignoreЧtheЧh lingЧandЧscrapingЧactionЧolЧthisЧseman-
tics,ЧevenЧwhereЧtheЧonesЧusingЧthisЧwordЧmayЧbeЧanythingЧexceptЧ¨Chris-
tians¨ЧandЧwouldЧnotЧlorЧaЧsingleЧmomentЧdreamЧolЧputtingЧtheirЧdiscourseЧ
aboutЧƘeshЧatЧtheЧserviceЧolЧaЧChristianЧcauseЧintentionally.Ч LiŔewise,ЧweЧ
couldЧj ustiƖ-strictly,Ч/a/ΘsnqΘinΘcs·/ainΘcasssΘs·Θcsn/sx/s-ƩbeΘtranslationЧ
olЧLsi/haƕig/si/ΘbyЧ¨incarnation. ¨Ч
ßutЧdonťtЧthingsЧbecomeЧlessЧcertainЧwithЧregardЧtoЧtheЧtranslationЧolЧtheЧ
assΘthatЧHusserŤЧandЧHeidegger,ЧlorЧexample,ЧmaŔeЧolЧtheЧadverbЧorЧadjec-
tiveЧ/si/haƕig`Θ OrЧLsi/haƕig/si/-ƬbenΘallЧthisЧwordЧdoesЧisЧconstituteЧaЧ
nounЧbasedЧonЧtheЧcommonЧuseЧolЧtheЧadjective:ЧMayЧoneЧlegitimatelyЧseeЧ
inЧitЧaЧmoreЧorЧlessЧthematicЧandЧdeliberateЧrelerenceЧtoЧsomeЧƘeshЧorЧin-

z)|Θ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ĀF/ssh"Θ
catnation,Ч ot,Ч asЧ ltanckЧ suggests,Ч oneЧ thatЧ isЧ denied,Ч avoided,Ч andЧ te-
ptessed:Ч ßesides,Ч commonЧ senseЧitsellЧstopsЧusЧltomЧbelievingЧthatЧtheЧtel-
etenceЧ toЧ ûeshЧ andЧ incatnation-beneathЧ theЧwotdЧ /si/ha¸ƪig-ŌsΘ a/Θ/hsΘ
samsΘ/imsΘexplicitЧotЧthematicЧ,thusЧlendingЧltanckЧtheЧauthotityЧtoЧttans-
lateЧitЧsteadilyЧbyЧ¨incatnate¨ЧotЧ¨catnally¨)ЧandΘdenied,Чavoided,Чteptessed,Ч
inЧanyЧcaseЧunacknowledgedЧ,whichЧisЧalsoЧsomethingЧltanckЧsays.ЧhisЧthe-
sisЧcomesЧdownЧtoЧmaintainingЧthat,Ч despiteЧtheЧltequentЧuseЧolЧthisЧwotdЧ
inЧsomeЧtexts,ЧinЧHeideggetЧasЧwellЧasЧHussetl,Ч¨theЧquestionЧolЧtheЧsenseЧolЧ
ûįeshЧdoesЧ notЧatise¨Ч ¸ibid. , Чp.Ч zǞ¦ , Ĺ ¨Θhence,ЧtheЧttanslationЧolЧ/si/ha¸ƫigΘbyЧ
¨incatnate¨-whichЧisЧcettainlyЧnotЧillegitimate-butЧalsoЧgivingЧ¨incat-
nate¨ЧaЧpowetlullyЧvestedЧmeaning,Ч whichЧisЧanЧaltogethetЧdilletentЧmat-
tet) ŪЧ NeithetЧinЧ HussetlЧ notЧ inЧHeideggetЧdoesЧ thisЧ evetydayЧexptessionЧ
,/si/ha¸ig) ,Θ inЧtheЧquotedЧ texts,Ч necessatilyЧteletЧ toЧ someЧlivingЧHesh,Ч itЧ
seemsЧtoЧme,ЧbutЧonlyЧtoЧwhatЧtelatesЧtoЧtheЧipseityЧ,Ss//s/hsi/)Θ olЧtheЧthingЧ
itsell,Ч toЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧitЧthatЧisЧgiven,ЧwithoutЧte-ptesentativeЧotЧsub-
stitutiveЧdetout,Ч whethetЧthisЧ thingЧisЧptesentЧtoЧ intuitionЧ inЧgenetalЧ ,inЧ
Hussetl)ЧotЧ¸s·cs¸/i·sΘintuitionЧ,inЧHeidegget,ЧaboutЧHussetlianЧphenom-
enology,ЧthatЧis,ЧinЧtheЧtextЧthatЧltanckЧcites.ЧweťllЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧit) Ū ĊNJЧ1hisЧ
isЧso,ЧevenЧwhenЧthisЧthingЧisЧnotЧessentiallyЧ/i·ing-noΘmoteЧthanЧtheЧex-
petienceЧthatЧtelatesЧtoЧ it-andЧhasЧneithetЧƒƛ sshΘ notЧ ¨bone¨Ч ȁnťЧaЧchai·ΘouЧ
ss¦ ,ΘnotЧan¸sns,ΘotЧanyЧ¸s·ssn,ΘallowingЧoneЧtoЧsay,ЧasЧoneЧsaysЧallЧtooЧoltenЧ
andЧeasilyЧinЧltench,ЧthatЧitЧthenЧptesentsЧitsellЧinЧtheЧ¨ûđeshЧandЧbone¨Ч _snΘ
chai·Θs/ΘsnΘss¦ ,ΘinΘ/hsΘ ¸ssh,Θ inΘ¸s·ssn,ΘwhichЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧlotЧexample,Ч anЧessenceЧ
aimedЧatЧbyЧanЧintuitionЧolЧanЧessenceЧ_ ˛ssnsschaa¦Θ otЧaЧttanscendentЧma-
tetialЧ thingЧaimedЧatЧbyЧaЧpetceptiveЧintuition,ЧsuchЧasЧ thisЧbtidgeЧaboutЧ
whichЧHeideggetЧspeaksЧinЧtheЧtextĊ Ȣ ЧthatЧisЧquotedЧatЧtheЧbeginningЧolЧaЧ
discussionЧdesetvingЧallЧtheЧ moteЧ toЧbeЧcloselyЧlollowedЧinЧ thatЧitЧcondi-
tionsЧtheЧptoblematic,ЧtheЧsttategy,ЧandЧtheЧĐndamentalЧlexiconЧolЧltanck'sЧ
otiginalЧbook.ЧlЧsupposeЧthatЧtheЧlattetЧwouldЧbeЧ theЧ htstЧtoЧknowЧthatЧheЧ
isЧcattyingЧoutЧanЧactiveЧdisplacementЧhete-tooЧviolent,ЧsomeЧmightЧsay,Ч
lЧwouldЧsay,ЧpowetlulЧinЧitsЧintetptetation-olЧtheЧevetydayЧuseЧandЧoutЧ
eat'sЧttaditionaʔЧteceptionЧolЧtheЧwotdЧ/si/ha¸ȧig.ΘWhenЧhe,ЧinЧtwoЧinstances,Ч
modihšesЧRicͶut'sЧ ttanslationЧ olЧŬdssnΘ̑ĊĊЧ andЧsubstitutesЧ¨incatnate¨Ч lotЧ
¨bodily¨Ч˷alteadyЧ anЧ equivocalЧ tisk,Ч indeed-theЧ tesultЧ isЧ notЧ lessЧ am-
biguous,ЧotЧ lessЧ chancy,Ч wheteЧitЧisЧonlyЧaЧquestionЧolЧtheЧintuitionЧolЧanЧ
essenceЧinЧitsЧi¸ssi/¸.¹¹ΘlotЧtheЧessenceЧinЧ questionЧ mayЧbeЧtheЧessenceЧolЧ
anythingЧwhatsoevetЧandЧevenЧolЧthatЧwhich,ЧthoughЧappeatingЧtoЧbeЧ/si/-
ha¸ƫ igΘ,anЧevetydayЧexptession,Чthetelote,ЧheteЧtoЧexptessЧtheЧ thingЧ itsell,Ч
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ zĬ ; Ч
theЧthingЧappearingЧinЧaЧpresentiveЧintuitionЧċin/ai/isnΘdsna/·ics} ɎΘandЧmostЧ
oltenЧ inЧaЧperception,ЧbutЧalwaysЧwithoutЧrepresentativeЧsubstitute) ,ЧdoesЧ
notЧnecessarilyЧhaveЧaЧ¨bodyЧproper¨ЧorЧaЧ¨Hesh¨Ч-anyЧmoreЧthanЧ,neces-
sarily,ЧessentiƩly,Чstructurally)ЧdoesЧtheЧintuitionЧthatЧtendsЧtoЧit.ЧThisЧequiv-
ocalityЧ startedЧ inЧ lrance,Ч asЧ weЧknow,Ч whereЧ itЧwasЧallЧ tooЧ oltenЧ thoughtЧ
necessaryЧtoЧtranslateЧ/si/haƖigΘ ,theЧeveryday,Ч hguĒativeЧterm,Ч asЧ lЧwouldЧ
likeЧtoЧinsist-andЧriskЧaЧbanality)ЧbyЧ¨inЧperson¨ЧorЧ¨inЧtheЧHesh¨Ч_snΘchai·Θ
s/ΘsnΘss}Θ ,alas,ЧtheЧltalianЧtranslationЧolЧHusserlЧalsoЧ saysЧ inΘ ca·nsΘsdΘsssa) .Θ
ßutЧ still-oneЧcouldЧhaveЧ understoodЧtheЧ phrasesЧ ¨inЧ person¨Ч orЧ ¨inЧ theЧ
ûesh¨ЧinЧaЧweaklyЧhgurativeЧlashion,ЧasЧ oneЧcanЧinЧ̼erman,ЧļЧ think,Ч inЧtheЧ
originalЧ text,Ч withoutЧ turningЧs·s·¸/hingΘthatЧappearsЧ beloreЧ intuitionЧ orЧ
perceptionЧ,andЧthereloreЧtheЧworldЧitselňЧilЧweЧlollowЧMerleau-lonty)Ч intoЧ
aЧ¸sshΘinЧtheЧproperЧsense,ЧanЧinca·na/isn,ΘorЧaЧcarnalЧthing.Ч
lranckЧmustЧthereloreЧrej ectЧbothЧtheЧeverydayЧuseЧolЧtheЧwordЧ,whichЧ
isЧ vaguelyЧandЧconventionallyЧmetaphorical)Ч andЧtheЧ readingЧ olЧthisЧ useЧ
,whichЧisЧalsoЧcommon,ЧandЧvaguelyЧandЧconventionallyЧmetaphorical)ЧinЧ
orderЧtoЧjustiƖЧhisЧinterventionЧandЧtheЧsystematicЧrecourseЧtoЧtheЧlexiconЧ
olliteralЧincarnationЧ ,ilЧlЧmayЧputЧitЧthisЧway)Ч inЧtranslatingЧ/si/haƖig.Θ HeЧ
doesЧthisЧinЧaЧcomplexЧpassage,ЧinЧit,ЧlЧbelieveЧļЧcanЧreadЧanЧuneasyЧaware-
ness,ЧrightЧalterЧtheЧsentenceЧmodih edЧinЧ͓ǚcʟurˍsЧtranslationЧolЧIdssnΘŬΘtoЧ
whichЧlЧhaveЧj ustЧalluded.Ч
OueϞmustϞuotϞmistakeϞiucatuateϞgiveuuessċϞwhichϞdeƿuesϞevideuceϞiuϞgeuetalϞ
,beloteϞauyϞctiticismϞaudϞthusϞauyϞptoblemϞcoucetuiugϞwhatϞisϞapodicticċϞlotϞ
example) ,Ϟ lotϞ aϞmetaphotċϞ aϞmauuetϞolϞspeakiug,Ϟ aϞ ttaitϞ ptopetϞtoϞ Hussetl'sϞ
style.Ϟ TheteϞ wouldϞ beϞ iuϞ thisϞ aϞ doubleϞptesuppositiou,Ϟ possiblyϞshatiugϞtheϞ
sameϞ toot.Ϟ hǹtst,Ϟ theϞ oueϞ coucetuiugϞtheϞttivialϞ couceptsϞ olϞmetaphot,Ϟ uttet-
auce,Ϟ audϞ styleċϞ whichϞ isϞ tathetϞ iguotautϞ aboutϞ theϞpattϞ playedϞ byϞûƃ eshϞ iuϞ
Hussetl'sϞaualysisϞolϞlauguage,Ϟsecoud,ϞtheϞoueϞcoucetuiugϞaϞpheuomeuologi-
calϞstateƵol-thiugsϞiuϞitselťϞwhichϞ isϞƤ utidicallyϞuucouuectedϞtoϞ auyϞtelatiouϞ
withϞû esh.ϞNowċϞ ilϞoueϞkeepsϞtoϞtheϞsecoudϞoue,ϞallϞolϞHussetlưsϞaualysesϞassettϞ
thatϞûƃeshϞaccompau|esϞeachϞpetceptiou-iucatuateϞgiveuuessϞiuϞwhichϞûeshϞisϞ
allϞatϞouceϞgiveuϞaudϞgiviug.Ϟ ,ltauck,ϞChair˰etcor¸s,˰ p. Ϟr;)
ßutЧcan'tЧweЧtakeЧɭusserl'sЧlrequentЧuseЧolЧtheЧwordЧ/si/haƖigΘtoЧbeЧcon-
ventionalЧandЧmetaphoricalЧ,indeed,Ч¨aЧmannerЧolЧspeaking,ЧaЧtraitЧproperЧ
toЧHusserl'sЧstyle¨)ЧwithoutЧgivingЧinЧtoЧaЧtrivialЧconceptЧolЧmetaphorЧ,that,Ч
onЧtheЧotherЧhand,ЧweЧcanЧdeconstruct) :ЧCan'tЧweЧlegitimatelyЧdissociateЧitЧ
lromЧtheЧpartЧthatЧHusserl-ĴİЧ/hsΘs/hs·Θhand,Θ s/ssahs·s,Θ withinЧspecih cЧ
Exsm¸/·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
andЧthematicЧanalyses-doesЧindeedЧatttibuteЧtoЧHeshЧ,Łsi/,ΘŁsi//ich/si/)Θ
inЧ hisЧ analysisЧofЧlanguage:ƵƑЧMayЧweЧnotЧtakeЧsetiouslyЧHussetl'sЧptoposi-
tionsЧonЧtheЧsubjectЧofЧtheЧfactЧthatЧ¨HeshЧ,Lsi/,ΘLsi//ich/si/)ΘaccompaniesЧ
eachЧ petceptionǩ ¨Ч withoutЧ dtawingЧ theЧ conclusionЧ that,Ч eachЧ timeЧ heЧ
wtitesЧ¨leibhaftig¨ЧtoЧdesignateЧtheЧmodalityЧofЧtheЧthingЧotЧessenceЧgivenЧ
toЧintuitiveЧexpetience,ЧheЧdesignatesЧtheЧHeshЧofЧtheЧsaidЧthingЧotЧtheЧ¨cat-
nal¨Ч chatactetЧofЧtheЧsaidЧintuitiveЧexpetience:Ч1heЧsameЧtypeЧofЧquestionЧ
isЧtaisedЧbyЧltanck'sЧ longЧquotationЧ ,Chai·Θs/Θcs·¸s,Θ pp.Ч 2O¯2J)Ч ftomЧHei-
degget'sЧHis/s·¸Θs¸Θ/hsΘ Csncs¸/Θs¸Θ˔ms.ΘlnЧit,ЧHeideggetЧmakesЧanЧimpot-
tantЧ distinctionЧbetweenЧwhatЧ isЧ ¨bodily-given, ¨Ч otЧ¨givenЧinЧ theЧHesh¨Ч
, ltanck'sЧttanslationЧofЧŁsi/haĊŢgsgs/sn) ,ΘandЧwhatЧisЧ ¨self-given¨Ч _Ss//s/-
gsgs/sn} .Θ lnЧtheЧ htstЧcase,ЧaЧbtidge,ЧfotЧexample,Ч lЧ canЧ ¨envisage¨Ч otЧ ¨te-
ptesent¨ЧitЧtoЧmyselfЧ_·s·gsgsnaä·/igsn}ΘwhenЧlЧsetЧmyselfЧbefoteЧtheЧbtidgeЧ
itselfЧ¸ichΘ·s·ss/ȱsΘmichΘ·s·ΘdisΘB·ac/s} .Θ1hete,Ч theЧbtidgeЧcanЧbeЧgivenЧtoЧ
me,Ч i/ssŏǂΘinЧ thisЧ envisagingЧ otЧ te-ptesentationЧ _inΘdisss·Θ lƌ·gsgsnaä·/i-
gang¦Θ thatЧisЧ notЧaЧpetception,ЧoutsideЧofЧanyЧ¨image¨ЧotЧ¨fantasy, ¨Чwith-
outЧ fotЧthatЧmattetЧbeingЧgivenЧtoЧmeЧ/si/haĊigΘ ¸/si/haĊigΘgsgs/sn} .Θ ßutЧ
doesЧ thisЧ meanЧ thatЧ fotЧ Heidegget,Ч inЧ theЧ petception, Ч theЧ btidgeЧ itselfЧ
wouldЧbeЧ¨incatnate,¨ЧmadeЧofЧ¨Hesh¨ЧotЧgivenЧtoЧ¨Hesh¨ЧasЧsuch:ЧlЧhatdlyЧ
thinkЧso. Ч
lotЧifЧtheЧʸquestionЧofЧtheЧsenseЧofЧHeshЧdoesЧnotЧatise¨Ч ,whichЧisЧnotЧaЧ
self-evidentЧhypothesis,Чincidentally) ,Ч neithetЧfotЧHussetlЧ notЧfotЧHeideg-
get,Ч itЧisЧ pethapsЧ pteciselyЧbecause-well,Ч yes,Ч theyЧwishЧ toЧ sayЧ nothingЧ
thatЧoneЧcouldЧttanslateЧbyЧlitetallyЧandЧthematicallyЧinvestingЧitЧwithЧHesh,Ч
incatnationЧandЧcatnalЧvalues,ЧwhenЧinЧtheseЧcontextsЧtheyЧwtiteЧŁsi/haĊig-
/si/,Θ /si/haĊ,Θ otЧƭsi/haĊig-evenЧinЧtheЧcaseЧofЧpetception.ЧMoteovet,Чisn'tЧ
thisЧwhatЧltanckЧhimselfЧisЧsayingЧwhenЧ heЧestablishesЧthatЧtheЧ twoЧdoЧnotЧ
btingЧupЧtheЧquestionЧofЧ¨HeshʹЧ wheteЧltanck,ЧfotЧhisЧpatt,Ч teinttoducesЧ
theЧwotdЧinЧhisЧttanslationsЧinЧsuchЧanЧactiveЧfashion:Ч
1heЧstakesЧofЧthisЧdecisionЧovettunЧtheЧonesЧofЧaЧttanslationЧthatЧisЧsim-
plyЧ¨linguistic¨ ,ЧandЧitЧisЧbecause,ЧbeyondЧtheЧvittuallyЧChtistianЧconnota-
tionsЧofЧtheЧwotdЧ¨Hesh, ¨ЧoneЧalsoЧ ,thoughЧtheЧtwoЧ thingsЧmayЧgoЧhandЧinЧ
hand-moteЧthanЧevet)Ч tunsЧ theЧ tiskЧofЧaЧsottЧofЧ¨globalization¨Ч ¸msndi-
a/isa/isn}Θ ofЧHesh,ЧbestowingЧaЧHeshЧuponЧ¨things, ¨Ч¨essences, ¨ЧandЧmodesЧ
ofЧexpetienceЧthatЧateЧûđeshlessЧ,withoutЧLsi/)ΘbyЧessence,ЧandЧwithoutЧself-
telationЧotЧself-contact.Ч OtЧoneЧwouldЧfutthetЧtunЧtheЧtiskЧofЧmultiplyingЧ
obscutitiesЧwhenЧitЧisЧ necessatyЧtoЧ ttanslateЧF/sischΘ ,lЧ gaveЧanЧexampleЧofЧ
thisЧeatliet)Ч andЧmoteЧespeciallyЧtheЧbecoming-bodyЧotЧbeing-bodyЧ,Kc·ă
Ingsn/ΘÍĕ z;/Ч
¸s·)ΘolЧtheЧLsi/,ΘtheЧLsi//c·¸s·ΘthatЧHussetlЧalsoЧdiscusses.ЧDoesn'tЧltanckЧ
himsellЧnoteЧ this:'żЧAndЧdoesn'tЧheЧspeci¦ЧitЧelsewhete,Ч pteciselyЧonЧtheЧ
subjectЧolЧapptesentativeЧpaitinijЧandЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧtheЧothet'sЧbody:Ч
llϞoueϞhtmĀyϞmaiutaiusϞtheϞdilleteuceϞiuϞmeauiugϞolϞbodilyϞûƂeshϞaudϞbody,Ϟ
audϞ ilϞoueϞholdsϞtoϞ theϞvetyϞlettetϞolϞthisϞdesctiptiouϞ¸byϞHussetlϞiuϞpatagtaphϞ
,|ϞolϞtheϞCartesian˰Meditations-Ĵƪans. } ǎ˰ oueϞcauϞhatdlyϞseeϞltomϞwheteϞtheϞ
seuseϞ bodilyϞ heshϞ mightϞ comeϞ ¸¨theϞ seuseϞ auimateϞ otgauism, ¨Ϟ iuϞ DotiouϞ
Caitus'sϞttauslatiouϞolϞtheϞCartesian˰Meditations-ĴŊaʭs } ȋ˰itϞcauϞevideutlyϞuotϞ
detiveϞitsϞotigiuϞltomϞmyϞbody.ϞDzatϞemetgesϞltomϞthisϞisϞthatϞtheϞothetϞbodyϞ
cauuotϞtakeϞouϞauyϞseuseϞthatϞmyϞowuϞbodyϞptopetϞdoesϞuotϞpossess,ϞaudϞthatϞ
theϞcoustitutiouϞolϞtheϞothetϞcauuotϞtakeϞplace.Ϟ Hussetl'sϞ useϞolϞtheϞwotdsϞ
Kc¸er˰audϞLei/˰makesϞcompleteϞseuse,ϞheϞiuitiallyϞassigusϞthemϞopposedϞmeau-
iugsϞbutϞtheuϞusesϞthemϞiudisctimiuatelyϞlatetϞou.Ϟ luϞadditiou,ϞwheuϞaϞbodyϞ
takesϞouϞtheϞseuseϞolϞbodilyϞHeshϞaudϞcousequeutlyϞtheϞseuseϞolϞbodilyϞHeshϞ
iuϞaϞwotld,ϞbodilyϞHeshϞbelougiugϞtoϞauothetϞwotld,ϞthisϞsiguihesϞthatϞitϞisϞbyϞ
wayϞolϞtheϞiucatuatiouϞolϞaϞbodyϞaudϞtheϞiucotpotatiouϞolϞaϞheshϞthatϞtheteϞisϞ
someϞwotld.ϞWheuϞweϞhaveϞdetetmiuedϞtheϞcouditiousϞmakiugϞthisϞiucatua-
tiouϞaudϞthisϞ iucotpotatiouϞpossible,ϞweϞshallϞhaveϞatta|uedϞtheϞotigiuϞolϞtheϞ
wotld.Ϟ , ltauck,Ϟ Chair˰et˰co¸s,˰pp.Ϟi,o-,i)Ϟ
Shouldn
Ƴ
tЧ thisЧ beЧ theЧ placeЧ toЧ speakЧ aboutЧ machine-bodiesЧ ¸cs·¸s-
machins¦ ,ΘthatЧisЧtoЧsay,ЧtechnicalЧptosthesesЧ,somethinijЧneithetЧMetleau-
lontyЧnotЧltanckЧmentionsЧ asЧaЧpossibility,Ч ot,Ч inЧanyЧcase,ЧtakesЧintoЧac-
countЧ inЧanЧ essentialЧ way) :Ч Shouldn'tЧ thisЧ beЧ theЧ tiŵeЧ toЧ speakЧ olЧthisЧ
Kc·¸s·ΘtiijhtЧonЧotЧinЧtheЧLsi/¯tiijhtЧonЧotЧinЧtheЧsaidЧ¨ûesh¨ЧltomЧwhichЧ
itЧbecomesЧ indissociable:ЧShouldn'tЧthisЧbeЧtheЧplaceЧwheteЧ oneЧ needsЧtoЧ
takeЧintoЧaccountЧtheЧpossibilityЧolЧttansplantation,ЧltomЧwhichЧtheЧbodyЧ
ptopetЧotЧbodilyЧûƛ esh-inЧtheitЧpossibility,Ч ptecisely˸haveЧalwaysЧ beenЧ
indissociable,ЧalwaysЧundecidablyЧindissociable:ЧAndЧisn'tЧthisЧintettwin-
inijЧitsellЧ, ˘Ȣsch/ang) `Θ1hisЧtechnicalЧsupplement,ЧwhichЧisЧbothЧKc·¸s·Θ
andЧLsi/,ΘwouldЧthusЧlotceЧusЧtoЧteconsidetЧthisЧdistinctionЧltomЧtheЧlocusЧ
olЧanЧaltetityЧotЧhetetoijeneityЧthatЧisЧnoЧl onijetЧnecessatilyЧandЧltomЧtheЧ
outsetЧtheЧlocusЧolЧanЧaltetЧeijo,ЧespeciallyЧinЧtheЧhijuteЧolЧothetЧhumanЧbe-
inijsЧotЧGod.ЧAndЧitЧwillЧhaveЧbecomeЧcleat,ЧinЧkeepinijЧwithЧoutЧhypothe-
sis,ЧthatЧtheЧdividinijЧlineЧweЧseekЧtoЧtecoijnizeЧnoЧdoubtЧtunsЧthete.Ч
1heЧwholeЧptoblemЧolЧ¨ûį esh¨ЧitsellЧisЧitsЧcotpoteityЧbeloteЧandЧbeyondЧ
anyЧincotpotation,ЧpteciselyЧ,andЧevenЧinЧtheЧpsychoanalyticalЧmeaninijЧolЧ
thisЧlattetЧwotd-inЧwhatЧisЧcalledЧtheЧwotkЧolЧmoutninij) ,ЧlotЧ¨ûeshǣЧ isЧalsoЧ
aЧbody.Ч itЧisЧevenЧonЧthisЧvetyЧsubjectЧthatЧltanckЧinttoducesЧhisЧ¨apotiȂЧ
í
.
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ''F/ssh"Θ
,Chai·Θs/Θcs·¸s,Θpp. Чi;,Ğ6o) .ЧAboutЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧûđeshЧasЧphysicalЧHesh,Ч
thatЧis,ЧasЧ¨physicalЧthing,¨ЧtheteЧagainЧltanckЧpteciselyЧspeaks,Чalteady,Ч olЧaЧ
¨ȻndamentalЧapotiʀЧ ,ibid. , Чpp.Ч ,?Ǭ,,) .Ч
1houghЧpetplexedЧbyЧ theseЧ ptoblems,Ч lЧ doЧ notЧ haveЧ atЧmyЧdisposalЧaЧ
satis¦ingЧlinguisticЧsolutionЧlotЧaЧtegulat,Ч unequivocalЧttanslationЧolЧLsi/Θ
-andЧespeciallyЧ/si/ha¸igΘotЧLsi/ha¸ͺig/si/.ΘlЧamЧnotЧacquaintedЧwithЧanyЧ
ttanslationЧolЧtheseЧwotdsЧthatЧmightЧhtЧwithinЧ oneЧwotd,ЧandЧsoЧlЧmetelyЧ
undetscoteЧtheЧdangetsЧthatЧlutkЧinЧttanslatingЧinЧaЧunique,Чtegulat,Ч andЧ
s¸s/sma/icΘlashion,ЧwithoutЧanyЧĐtthetЧptecaution,ЧtheЧwotdЧLsi/ΘbyЧ¨ûό esh,¨Ч
andЧespeciallyЧ/si/ha¸ȨigΘbyЧ¨inЧ theЧûđesh¨Ч ¸snΘchai·} ,Θ¨catnally¨Ч ¸cha·ns/s-
ms͚/¦ ,ΘotЧ inЧanЧ¨incatnate¨ЧwayЧ_dsΘŊȝsnΘ ''inca·nés"¦ .ΘWhenЧoneЧotganizesЧ
anЧentiteЧptoblematicЧandЧtestsЧanЧentiteЧ intetptetativeЧhandiwotkЧandЧaЧ
ptogtamЧ ,¨analyticsЧ olЧincatnation¨)Ч uponЧ suchЧ anЧ ¨active¨Ч ttanslation,Ч
doesn'tЧoneЧ tunЧ theЧ tiskЧolЧsħcingΘotЧca//ingΘsa/ΘtheЧbody,Ч theteЧwheteЧ
theteЧisЧsomeЧtemainingЧ,someЧ¨body, ¨ЧptopetЧotЧimptopet-otЧj ustЧbody),Ч
andЧconvetsely,Ч olЧaddingЧsome-whenЧ/si/ha¸igΘdoesЧ notЧnecessatilyЧte-
letЧ toЧ ¨body¨Ч otЧ¨ûǜesh¨Ч , ptopetЧotЧimptopet) :ЧWhenЧ HussetlЧ speaksЧ olЧ
ɱžiȵ-butЧmuchЧless,ЧpethapsЧnotЧatЧall,ЧwhenЧheЧemploysЧ theЧwotdЧ /si/-
ha¸ȧig-ŌƩΘ isЧ lileЧ thatЧ heЧ impliesЧ , lile,Ч inЧ phenomenology,Ч isЧ alteadyЧ anЧ
enotmousЧ ptoblem-itЧ hasЧ keptЧ aЧ laitЧ numbetЧ amongЧ us,Ч includingЧ
ltanck,ЧatЧwotkЧlotЧquiteЧsomeЧtime) ,Ч¸s/Θ·s·¸Θs¸ƫsnΘ/hsΘmindΘasΘas/ƜΘ Hus-
setlЧoltenЧ insistsЧonЧtheЧ Csis/ig/si/ΘolЧLsi/ΘotЧonЧgsis/igsΘ Lsi//̧ch/si/.Θ ßyЧ
makingЧHeshЧubiquitous,ЧoneЧtunsЧtheЧtiskЧolЧvitalizing,Ч psychologizing,Ч
spititualizing,Ч intetiotizing,Ч otЧ evenЧ teapptoptiatingЧevetything,Ч inЧ theЧ
vetyЧplacesЧwheteЧ oneЧ mightЧ stillЧ speakЧolЧtheЧ nonЧptopetnessЧotЧaltetityЧ
olЧHesh. 'ĭЧ
ß.Ч Csndsnsa/isn.ΘņetЧusЧnowЧcomeЧtoЧtheЧdelibetateЧaccumulationЧolЧthteeЧ
semanticЧpowetsЧthatЧaЧsingleЧnamingЧactЧgathetsЧinЧtheЧwotdЧcsnţ/ingsnƇ.Θ
LJi)Ч 1ouchingЧ ,andЧ theteloteЧ theЧ teletenceЧ hete,Ч bothЧ implicitЧandЧex-
plicit,ЧtoЧ theЧlamousЧpassageЧaboutЧtouchЧinЧtheЧconstitutionЧolЧtheЧLsi/Θ
inЧIdsasΘII) . Θ
,z)ΘCon-tactЧwithЧ theЧbodyЧptopetЧo t ЧwithЧHesh-moteЧpteciselyЧ¨theЧ
contactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesellЧasЧcontactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧtheЧothet¨Ч ,con-
tactЧwithЧtheЧbodyЧptopet,ЧwithЧ¨Hesh, ¨ЧotЧcon-tactЧltomЧonesellЧtoЧonesellЧ
asЧcon-tactЧwithЧtheЧothet'sЧLsi/,ΘandЧsoЧlotth) .Ч
,))Θ1heЧcontingencyЧolЧthisЧ¨ûǜesh¨ЧasЧessentialЧlacticityЧ,letЧusЧtecallЧthatЧ
csn/ings·sΘisЧtouching,Ч attaining,ЧbutЧ alsoЧ happeningЧtoЧ come,Чbelalling,Ч
ųɃėgeėt˰IlΘ z) )Θ
lallingЧtoЧone'sЧlotЧot Чpatt) .ЧtheЧessentialЧlacticityЧolЧ thisЧaleatoticЧevent-lo-
calizationЧwouldЧsetЧupЧaЧlocusЧolЧtesistanceЧtoЧeideticЧvatiation. Ч
lЧwouldЧlikeЧtoЧemphasizeЧinЧthisЧhappy,Чlucky,Ч andЧseductiveЧcondensa-
tionЧ thatЧ itЧ isЧ accompaniedЧ byЧaЧ setiesЧ olЧtetminologicalЧ andЧ ptogtam-
maticЧdecisionsЧandЧpetlotmativeЧnamingЧactsЧ,dec|atedЧotЧnot) ,ЧtheЧj usti-
hcationЧolЧwhichЧtemainsЧellipticalЧotЧsuspendedЧatЧtimes.Ч Hete,Чnow,ЧisЧ
theЧ htstЧ intetptetationЧ olЧtheЧ tactile,Ч olЧcontactЧwithЧonesellЧasЧ contactЧ
withЧtheЧothet,Ч¨puteЧauto-allectionЧasЧputeЧheteto-allection¨.Ч
OtigiuatilyϞptopet,Ϟ û esh,ϞtheϞotigiuϞolϞtheϞptopet,Ϟ isϞotigiuatilyϞuuptopetϞaudϞ
isϞtheϞotigiuϞ olϞtheϞuuptopet.Ϟ
MoteϞptecisely.ϞilϞmyϞûƥeshϞisϞotigiuatilyϞcoustitutedϞtactilely,Ϟ thatϞis,ϞiuϞtheϞ
htstϞsttatumϞiuϞtheϞotdetϞolϞcoustitutiouϞ¸auϞimplicitϞteleteuceϞtoϞIdea˰//ĕ thusϞ
esseutiallyϞgiviugϞcteditϞtoϞHussetl'sϞtext-|.ϞD¦ , ˰thisϞisϞaϞlottiotiϞvalidϞlotϞtheϞ
heshϞolϞtheϞothetϞ ¸whyϞ¨aϞ lottioti¨`-|.Ϟ D. ¦ .˰AndϞcatualϞ telatious,Ϟ theϞtelet-
euceϞ olϞoueϞ heshϞtoϞauothet,Ϟ ateϞ thusϞ¸rst˰o¸˰a/˰aϞcou-tactϞ ¸whyϞ ¨hġtstϞ olϞall¨ ` Ϟ
WhatϞ il,Ϟ byϞteasouϞolϞtheϞiuditectϞa¸¸resentation˰olϞtheϞ othet'sϞ body-ovetϞ
thete,ϞolϞtheϞothetϞhete-oueϞhadϞallϞatϞouceϞtoϞgoϞthtoughϞsight,ϞaudϞmittots,Ϟ
otϞheatiug,ϞotϞsmell`ϞOtϞthtoughϞauϞaltogethetϞdilleteutϞsyuaesthetic,ϞotϞaues-
thetic,ϞotϞalteadyϞmechauical,Ϟotgauizatiou`-|. ϞD } . ˰WheteϞdoesϞmyϞheshϞeudϞ
ilϞuotϞwheteϞtheϞothetϞheshϞmakesϞitsellϞleltϞtoϞitϞ¸dzϞe//e˰se˰ɲit˰sentir] ů˰¨WheteϞ
euds¨Ϟ lutthetϞmeausϞ¨wheteϞbegius Ȫ ¨ϞMyϞheshϞisϞatϞitsϞlimit,Ϟ ouϞtheϞvetgeϞolϞ
beiugϞexceeded,ϞaltogethetϞouϞitsϞowuϞbotdet,ϞwhichϞisϞtheϞbotdetϞolϞtheϞothetϞ
-thatϞis,Ϟ miue.Ϟ HussetlϞhasϞgtaspedϞthisϞcoűbelougiugϞolϞhesh.Ϟ ¨TheϞappet-
ceptiouϞolϞoue'sϞowuϞbodilyϞheshϞ ¸Lei/,˰ chair¦˰ audϞtheϞappetceptiouϞ olϞtheϞ
othetϞbodilyϞheshϞ_Lei/ą˰chair¦˰ esseutiallyϞbelougϞtogethet. ¨ėƺϞTheϞcoutactϞolϞ
ouesellϞwithϞouesellϞasϞcoutactϞolϞouesellϞwithϞtheϞothetϞ,puteϞautoűaĽectiouϞ
asϞputeϞheteto-allectiou)Ϟ isϞtheϞcoutactϞolϞoueϞheshϞwithϞtheϞothet.Ϟ ,ltauck,Ϟ
Chair˰et˰cor¸s,˰pp. Ϟi6;-6?)ėȹϞ
Seveta|ЧimpetativeЧotЧpetlotmativeЧėɂʫʇėg˰actsЧ,ȕcatess, ¨Ч¨shock,¨Ч¨con-
tingency¨)ЧlollowЧtheteupon. ЧEatliet,ЧonЧtheЧptecedingЧpage,ЧanothetЧini-
tiativeЧinЧnaming,ЧwhichЧisЧj ustЧasЧabtuptЧilЧnotЧatbittaty,ЧhasЧmoteovetЧ|edЧ
theЧwayЧlotЧotЧptepatedЧtheseЧtwoЧdecisionsЧotЧdectees,ЧtheseЧtwoЧinstancesЧ
olЧ¨let'sЧcall¨. Ч¨OneЧcanЧcallЧthisЧlimit-otЧteletenceЧolЧmyЧûύeshЧtoЧanoth
̦

-sexualЧ dilletence¨Ч, p. Чi 6/) Ū ĊǏЧ1hetelote,Ч¨let'sЧ call¨Ч twice.Ч
Let'sϞcallϞthisϞtouchϞiuϞwhichϞuoϞiucotpotatiouϞiutetveuesϞ¨catess. ¨ Ϟ8utϞiucot-
potatiouϞuecessatilyϞdetivesϞltomϞmetelyϞtelatiugϞoueϞheshϞtoϞauothet,ϞwhichϞ
isϞaϞ¨catess. ¨ϞTheuϞlet'sϞcallϞtheϞeucouutetϞolϞbodiesϞ¨shock.¨ϞTheϞcatessϞisϞalsoϞ
aϞshock.ϞWhatϞthisϞyieldsϞisϞtheϞaccouutϞoueϞmayϞthusϞgiveϞolϞallϞthatϞisϞam-
\
z|oΘ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ĀF/ssh"Θ
biguousϞiuϞaudϞaboutϞpheuomeuology,ϞaudϞolϞtheϞpheuomeualϞduplicityϞthatϞ
itϞdesctibesϞaudϞtitelesslyϞttiesϞ toϞ mastetϞaudϞteduce.Ϟ
AllϞͲeshϞisϞcoustitutedϞltomϞoueϞcoutactϞtoϞtheϞothet̔ϞiuϞothetϞwotds,Ϟû eshϞ
isϞesseutiallyϞɌon-tingent,˰ audϞthisϞcoutiugeucyϞtebouudsϞoutoϞtheϞuppetϞcou-
stitutiousϞolϞiutetsubjectivity,Ϟ olϞobjectivity.Ϟ ,ibi d. , Ϟp. Ϟi6?)Ϟ
ŞhisЧdoubleЧnamingЧnotЧonlyЧptesupposesЧthatЧtheЧdeh nitionЧolЧcatnalЧ
dihetenceЧbeЧsrigina·iqΘssxMa/-ptovidedЧthatЧaЧcatessЧisЧalwaysЧsexedЧ,seeЧ
theЧpteviousЧnoteЧandЧtheЧquestionsЧthatЧitЧtaises) .ЧltЧimmediatelyЧassociatesЧ
theЧcatessЧ ,olЧoneЧûeshЧbyЧanothet)ЧwithЧtheЧshockЧ,betweenЧtwoЧbodies) .Ч
Now,ЧtheЧcatessЧisЧaЧshock,Ч itЧisЧ¨also¨ЧaЧshock,ЧsaysЧltanckǹЧthisЧptesupposesЧ
that,ЧwhileЧtheЧcatessЧcannotЧbeЧteducedЧtoЧ¨shock,¨ЧitЧalwaysЧimpliesЧsomeЧ
shock,Чj ustЧasЧûƛeshЧ,Lsi/)ΘalwaysЧimpliesЧsomeЧbodyЧ,KƁƣơs·) .Θ lutthetЧon, Ч
thisЧisЧteitetated.Ч ¨Otiginatily,ЧintentionalityЧisЧaЧcatnalЧpaiting,ЧsexualЧdilţ
letence,ЧtheЧcatessЧandЧtheЧshockЧdetetmineЧitsЧmostЧgenetalЧsttuctuteЧ. . . . Ч
ŞheЧotiginЧolЧttanscendenceЧisЧtheЧcatess, Чbut,Ч immediatelyЧtutningЧintoЧ
shock,ЧitЧisЧalsoЧitsЧteduction¨Ч ,ibid. ,Чpp. Чié
)
Ą
/
o) .Θ
WhyЧtwoЧ nouns,Ч then-catessЧandЧshock:ЧAndЧwheteЧisЧ oneЧ toЧlocateЧ
anyЧ//saΘthat,ЧlikeЧaЧshock,ЧalsoЧ involvesЧtheЧûǜeshЧandЧnotЧonlyЧtheЧbodyЧ
,andЧyetЧtheЧbodyЧasЧwell)-ilЧoneЧisЧtoЧkeepЧthisЧdistinctionЧandЧthisЧttans-
lationЧolЧit:ЧWhatЧilЧtheteЧweteЧsomeЧblowЧsttuckЧwithinЧtheЧcatess:ЧWheteЧ
wouldЧ oneЧ situateЧ it,Ч inЧ thisЧ netwotkЧ olЧdistinctionsЧ thatЧ allЧ haveЧ toЧdoЧ
withЧhaptiǗs:ЧWhatЧdoesЧ¨immediatelyЧtutnЧinto¨ЧmeanЧhete:ЧDoesЧitЧim-
plyЧsomeЧ otiginatityЧolЧtheЧ catess,Ч someЧ antetiotity,Ч beЧitЧ subtleЧ andЧin-
stantaneous,Ч olЧtheЧcatessЧ andЧtheteloteЧolЧû eshЧbeloteЧtheЧbody:ЧWouldЧ
theЧcatessЧcomeЧbeloteЧtheЧshock,ЧasЧtheЧheshЧbeloteЧtheЧbody:ЧAndЧbeloteЧ
theЧblow:ЧŞheЧanswetsЧ toЧ theseЧ questionsЧateЧsuspendedЧhete,Ч butЧweЧcanЧ
quicklyЧpetceiveЧwhatЧisЧclassicallyЧatЧstakeЧ inЧ them-thatЧ is,Ч whethetЧotЧ
notЧtheЧevetydayЧappellationЧ ¨body¨Ч ,KƁ·¸s·)Θ ¸cs·¸s¦Θ teletsЧ toЧsomethingЧ
secondatyЧotЧnot.Ч
ŞheteЧisЧyetЧanothetЧconsequenceЧlollowingЧthisЧcondensatingЧandЧovet-
detetminedЧuseЧolЧtheЧwotdЧ¨contingency, ¨ЧaЧconsequenceЧthatЧcommandsЧ
theЧmotilЧolЧtheЧatchelacticityЧolЧtheЧsidssΘegoЧasЧ ¨hesh. ¨ЧltanckЧimmedi-
atelyЧgoesЧon. Ч
This,ϞuoϞdoubt,ϞisϞtheϞdetetmiuiugϞmotilϞthatϞleadsϞHussetlϞbackϞtowatdϞthisϞ
atchelacticityϞaboutϞwhichϞweϞ haveϞ alteadyϞspokeuϞiuϞtheϞcoutextϞ olϞtheϞte-
ductiouϞtoϞtheϞeidos˰ego.ϞllϞûΗeshϞisϞcoutiugeut,ϞilϞlacticityϞisϞitsϞesseuceϞ ϊaudϞasϞ
Iangsn/ΘIlΘ z|iЧ
suchϞinvatiableϞandϞtesistingϞvatiation) ,ϞitϞwillϞnoϞdoubtϞthwattϞtheϞeideticϞpteœ
tensionsϞ olϞanyϞconstitutiveϞ analysis,Ϟ toϞ theϞextentϞ thatϞ itϞintetvenesϞ inϞanyϞ
constitutionϞolϞttanscendenceϞ,andϞletϞusϞkeepϞinϞtesetveϞtheϞptoblemϞ olϞtem-
potality) .Ϟ NoϞ doubt,ϞphenomenologyϞthusϞdemandsϞanϞ intetptetationϞolϞthisϞ
atchelacticityϞtoϞwhichϞHeideggetϞhtstϞ dedicatedϞhimselŎϞ ,ibid. , Ϟpp.Ϟ ˯6?ǜ6,)Ϟ
llЧweЧwereЧtoЧdevelopЧourЧquestionsЧaboutЧtheseЧprogrammaticЧnamingЧ
perlormativesЧhereЧ ,butЧitЧisЧnotЧourЧdirectЧconcern) ,Ч oneЧolЧthemЧwouldЧ
haveЧtoЧdoЧwithЧtheЧtasksЧolЧaЧ¨transcendentalЧdeduction¨ЧolЧ¨ûđesh¨Ч ¸/·ans-
zsndsn/a/sΘDsda//isnΘdssΘLsi/ss}Θ ,aЧHusserlianЧexpressΪon) . ƶNJЧlranckЧisЧspe-
cih cЧaboutЧtheseЧtasks,ЧcomparingЧthemЧtoЧtheЧonesЧolЧaЧKantianЧdeductionЧ
thatЧanalʥesЧanЧobj ectĹsЧconditionsЧolЧpossibility.ЧAĕ larЧasЧthisЧdeductionЧisЧ
concerned,Ч lranckЧlurtherЧstatesЧthatЧ¨HusserlЧhasЧneverЧsetЧitЧupЧandЧputЧ
itЧtoЧworkЧċmissΘsnΘchanΘ/is·¦ưΘ,ibid. ,ЧpĔ Чiƥi) ĔЧ
1hereЧareЧtwoЧ¨directions¨ЧatЧleastЧamongЧtheseЧtasks.Ч ,r) theЧ¨deductionЧ
olЧsexualЧdillerenceЧasЧ theЧrelerenceЧolЧoneЧûώeshЧtoЧanother¨Ч ,lЧhaveЧmenƜ
tionedЧtheЧdilhcultyЧolЧthisЧ ¨deduction¨.Ч canЧoneЧ¨Hesh¨ЧonlyЧbeЧrelerredЧ
toЧ anotherЧ inЧaccordanceЧwithЧsexuality,Ч andЧmoreЧespeciallyЧ¨a¨ЧorЧ¨the¨Ч
sexualЧdillerence:) ,Ч ,z)ΘtheЧ¨deductionЧolЧtheЧ bodyЧpoliticĹЧasЧtheЧrelerenceЧ
olЧoneЧûįeshЧtoЧ theЧcommunityЧolЧallЧ others¨Ч ,ibid. ,Ч p. Ч idzi) .Ч WhatЧcouldЧ
¨politic¨ЧmeanЧhere:ЧDoesЧbeingЧ¨politic¨ЧpertainЧtoЧtheЧessenceЧolЧeveryЧ
community:ЧWeЧ mayЧdoubtЧit.Ч llЧoneЧwentЧbeyondЧtheЧprogramЧorЧsiteЧolЧ
theЧ ¨setup¨Ч ¸chanΘ/is·¦Θ stillЧ toЧcomeЧ ,notЧonlyЧlorЧHusserl) ,Ч theЧdetermina-
tionŧandЧnamingŘolЧ¨community¨ЧasЧbodyЧ¨politic¨ЧwouldЧpresupposeЧ
aЧhistoryЧthatЧisЧsoЧoverdeterminedЧandЧaЧstratihcationЧsoЧthickǛyЧlayeredЧ
withЧphenomenologicalЧstrataЧthatЧoneЧwouldЧrunЧtheЧ riskЧolЧputtingЧollЧ
theЧsaidЧdeductionЧloreverĥЧitЧmayЧevenЧbecomeЧimpracticableЧinЧprinciple,Ч
asЧaЧtranscendentalЧphenomenologicalЧdeduction-aЧcompletelyЧdillerentЧ
storyЧ,andЧhistory) ,ЧweЧmightЧsay,ЧandЧthenЧmakeЧitЧourЧturnЧtoЧsetЧupЧthisЧ
thingЧandЧleaveЧitЧunderЧconstruction.Ч
LetЧusЧgatherЧschematicallyЧwhatЧseemsЧtoЧsetЧapart,ЧlromЧtheЧoutsetЧandЧ
virtuallyЧatЧleast,ЧthisЧbookЧbyЧDidierЧlĒanckЧlromЧNancyĹsЧ¨corpus¨ЧasЧlarЧ
asЧtheЧthemesЧthatЧareЧimportantЧtoЧ usЧ areЧ concerned,ЧwithoutЧinЧ anyЧwayЧ
disputingЧorЧdiminishingЧtheЧoriginalityЧolЧlranck'sЧbookЧandЧ theЧneedЧlorЧ
it.Ч NoЧdoubt,ЧthereЧhardlyЧseemsЧ toЧbeЧanythingЧmoreЧnecessaryЧandЧcon-
vincingЧthanЧtoЧtakeЧintoЧaccountЧtheЧnonpropeϳЧ,theЧs/hs·ɱΘinЧaЧword)Ч inЧ
theЧsphereЧolЧtheЧ properЧ orЧmyЧ ¨Hesh, ¨ЧwithЧallЧ theЧ consequencesЧ thatЧ
lranckЧisЧrightЧtoЧdrawЧlromЧthis. Ч ßutЧdoesnĹtЧthisЧreckoningЧcontendЧ inЧ
z|zЧ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
theЧ htstЧ placeЧinЧaЧʒndЧ olЧûƛ esh-on-HeshЧinЧ whichЧ theЧtechno-ptostheticЧ
substituteЧ ,theЧintettwiningЧolЧKȚ·¸s·ΘandЧLsi/-theЧ/schnëΘolЧbodiesЧotЧ
scs/schnics,Θ inЧNancy'sЧ language)Ч isЧ notЧgivenЧanyЧstatus,Ч otЧanyЧessentialЧ
thematicЧotganiȐation,ЧitЧseemsЧtoЧme·ЧHenceЧtheЧtiskЧolЧmatginaliȐingЧotЧ
leavingЧ inЧ shadowЧ theЧ¸a·/ssΘ sx/·aΘ¸a·/ssΘ sttuctuteЧ ,whichЧ isЧ nonliving,Ч
anotganic,ЧandЧessentiallyЧdivisible,ЧasЧitЧwete)Ч olЧaЧbodyЧ,KȚ·¸s·)Θ thatЧisЧ
noЧlongetЧessentiallyЧalienЧ otЧextetnalЧwithЧ tegatdЧ toЧ ¨Hesh¨Ч ,ɱžiȵ)-otЧ
tathetЧthatЧ pettainsЧ otЧ¨belongs¨Ч toЧ it,Ч ilЧoneЧcouldЧstillЧ sayЧthis,Ч butЧ asЧ
somethingЧloteign,ЧthatЧ is,Ч asЧsupplementatyЧttansplantedЧgtalt. ЧltЧpettainsЧ
toЧitЧwithoutЧpettainingЧtoЧit.Ч lsn'tЧtheteЧaЧ·is/ΘolЧmatginaliȐingЧtheЧmatginЧ
thete·Ч ,lotЧlЧ amЧmetelyЧspeakingЧolЧaЧvittualЧtiskЧhete,ЧolЧaЧpotentialЧdis-
cutsiveЧconcatenationЧtiedЧtoЧaЧcettainЧdegteeЧolЧthematicЧinsistence,Ч andЧ
notЧolЧanЧacceptedЧphilosophicalЧthesis. ) Ч1hisЧwouldЧalso,Чsimultaneously,Ч
patadoxicallyЧbeЧtheЧ tiskЧolЧaЧ,catnal,Чspititual,ЧvitalЧotЧvivi¦ing,ЧandЧinte-
tiotiȐing)Ч ·sa¸¸·s¸·ia/isn,ΘtheЧtiskЧolЧaЧtetutnЧtoЧtheЧptopetЧonЧtheЧpattЧolЧ
theЧvetyЧthingЧthatЧisЧich¸ͤsmdΘnotЧtheЧego'sЧptopetly,Ч butЧtebecomingЧotЧ
stillЧtemainingЧegological.Ч ßyЧtheЧsameЧtoken,ЧandЧdespiteЧtheЧobligatotyЧ
phenomenologicalЧvigilanceЧonЧthisЧsubjectЧ ,onceЧtheЧwotldЧhasЧbeenЧ¨te-
duced¨Ч and,Ч withЧ it,Ч evetyЧthesisЧ ptopetlyЧanthtopological) ,Ч itЧisЧtheЧhu-
manЧegoЧ thatЧtemainsЧ theЧmeasuteЧ olЧallЧthingsЧ phenomenological-asЧlЧ
suggestedЧitЧeatlietЧaboutЧMetleau-lonty˧ Ƥǀ Ч
ļnЧotdetЧtoЧmakeЧ mysellЧbettetЧ undetstood,Ч lЧ heteЧ teletЧtoЧtwoЧ ltag-
mentsЧbyЧHussetl,ЧcitedЧinЧltanck'sЧnotes,ЧthatЧtakeЧtheЧmeasuteЧolЧtheЧtaskЧ
atЧ hand,Ч asЧwellЧasЧ itsЧdilhΫculty.Ч ltanckЧmetelyЧpointsЧthemЧoutЧandЧdoesЧ
notЧh ndЧanyЧltighteningЧlimitЧ thete.Ч1heЧhtstЧnoteЧquotesЧ aЧlongЧandЧlas-
cinatingЧpassageЧltomЧHussetl'sЧK·isisΘhavingЧtoЧdoЧwithЧ¨animals¨Ч inЧad-
ditionЧtoЧ theЧ ¨insane¨Ч andЧ ¨childten¨Ч ,ltanck,Ч Chai·Θs/Θcs·¸s,Θ p.Ч i;onz) .ƤƣЧ
1heЧsecondЧ noteЧ ,ibid. , Ч p.Ч Ġ;ƨn;)Ч hasЧ toЧdoЧwithЧ theЧ temptation, ЧwhichЧ
HussetlЧleels,ЧbutЧinЧlactЧwatdsЧollЧatЧonce,ЧtoЧ¨thinkЧaЧwotldЧwithoutЧanyЧ
bodilyЧ ûϏeshЧ ¸/si//sssΘŽ//¦ . ¨ΘltanckЧthenЧ quotesЧ HussetlЧ inЧaЧ contextЧ inЧ
whichЧtheЧ¨intetsubjectiveЧwotld¨ЧandЧintetsubj ectivityЧseemЧtoЧbelongЧto,Ч
toЧ beЧpattЧandЧpatcelЧol,Ч theЧotdetЧolЧtheЧhuman.Ч HussetlЧthenЧexcludesЧ
anyЧ nonhumanЧ ¨Hesh¨Ч andЧ deemsЧ natuteЧ withoutЧ humanЧ beingsЧ ¨un-
thinkable¨.Ч heЧsays,Ч atЧthisЧpoint,Ч ¨withoutЧLsi/s·,ΘtheteloteЧwithoutЧhu-
manЧbeings. ¨ ЧAndЧthisЧthingЧseemsЧcleatЧtoЧhim.Ч ¨Cleatly,Ч aЧnatuteЧwith-
outЧbodies,ЧtheteloteЧwithoutЧhumanЧbeings,ЧisЧunthinkable. ¨ƤƤЧ
1hisЧclosingЧisЧnotЧillegitimateЧinЧitsell,ЧtoЧbeЧsuteĮЧ andЧaboutЧ¨we,Чmen,¨Ч
Ingsn/ΘIlΘ z|
ĚΘ
¨we,Чhumans, ¨ЧohЧyes,ЧtheteЧateЧcettainlyЧenoughЧthingsЧtoЧsayЧthatЧateЧnotЧ
sĖmpleɊЧ
ßut,Ч htst,ЧthisЧanthtopocentticЧptivilegeЧ,sometimesЧunavowed) ,Ч beЧitЧ
ttanscendental,ЧisЧnotЧalwaysЧconsequentЧinЧtelationЧtoЧtheЧmostЧambitiousЧ
ttanscendentalЧ teduction, Ч theЧ oneЧ thatЧ shouldЧ suspendЧevetyЧthesisЧ inƆ
volvĖngЧtheЧexistenceЧofЧtheЧwotldЧotЧinЧtheЧwotld,ЧincludĖngЧthatЧofЧhu-
manЧ beings.Ч Second,ЧthisЧsameЧptivilegeЧsometimesЧdtivesЧoneЧtoЧ neglectЧ
whatЧisЧnotЧ¨humanЧhesh, ƞЧoutsideЧofЧtheЧhumanЧwotldЧandЧsometimesЧ
evenЧĖnЧtheЧhumanЧwotldЧ,theЧ͊s·-body) ,ЧtechnicalЧptostheses,ЧanimalsЧ
inЧtheЧhumanЧwotldЧandЧoutsideЧofЧit. Ч1hitd,Ч atЧtheЧvetyЧpointЧwheteЧaЧ
cettainЧ histotĖcityЧ ofЧttanscendentalЧ atchefactĖcityЧisЧ takenЧ setĖouslyЧ ,asЧ
ltanckЧsaysЧ andЧ does) ,Ч thĖsЧ selfsameЧ anthtopologĖcaƄЧ ptivilegeЧ tendsЧ toЧ
ovetshadowЧtheЧhistoticityЧthatЧ¸·sdacssĂhamanĂ/sings-andlj/schnics,ΘalwaysЧ
inЧaЧptostheticaŴЧway-whatЧlЧhaveЧmoteЧthanЧonce,ЧusingЧcommonЧwotds,Ч
tetmedЧhominizationЧotЧtheЧemetgenceЧ ofЧ¨theЧhandЧofЧman. ¨ƤƑЧloutth,Ч
andЧhnally,ЧwhenЧ thisЧptĖvilegingЧofЧtheЧhumanЧimpattsЧĖtselfЧtooЧ teadily,Ч
itЧfteesЧtheЧpathЧmoteЧeasily-unlessЧitЧhasЧalteadyЧentetedЧit-towatdЧthisЧ
anthtopotheologĖcal,ЧotЧevenЧńhtistian,ЧthinkǚngЧofЧʆesh,ЧtactĖlity,Ч theЧca-
tess,ЧinЧaЧwotd,ЧtheЧńhtistianЧbody,ЧwhĖchЧlЧamЧnotЧttyingЧtoЧdenounceЧotЧ
teœectЧhete,ЧbutЧtoЧ¨thinkDŽŹ¨toЧpondet,¨Ч¨toЧweigh̅ ¨Ч
§ II Åan_cnt N
7ngcnc, cnd Ccntingcnc¡ 2. ¨Ihc 'mcrcq/
hcnd c¸thc Fcthcr
·
uith uhich hc thu·
tcuchc· u·
·
i· thc Scn. . . . thc vrd thct i·
thc tcuch thct tcuchc· thc Scu/ ' (tcquc dc
/c Dieinidcd . . . c/ tcquc quc tccc c/ c/mc) ¨
¸ J | hc hcart ol Lhristology is thc doctrinc ol thc incarnation,
and . . . thc hcart ol thc doctrinc ol thc incarnation is thc
doctrinc ol /amaaust4, ol consubstantiality, ol thc idcntity or
thc community ol bcing and substancc bctwccn thc Fathcr and
thc 5on. J his is what is complctcly ncw ¸tn ctt] with Lhristianity.
÷|can-Luc lancy, ¨ Jhc Lcconstruction ol Lhristianity¨ '
LetЧus ЧstattЧovetЧagain.ЧLetЧus ЧcomeЧmoteЧditectlyЧt oЧtheЧdsa/ȕΘms/ĪΘthatЧ
weЧhaveЧbeenЧgtaĵingЧagainstЧsinceЧtheЧbeginning-noЧdoubtЧob|iquelyЧandЧ
vittual|y,Ч butЧinsistently-whileЧa|waysЧ tendingЧtoЧtoucbЧwithЧtact.Ч
1. |ean-LucЧƺancy'sЧstatedЧptojectЧolЧaЧ¨deconsttuctionЧolЧChtistianity, ¨Ч
aЧ ptoj ectЧ moteЧ specihcallyЧdesctibed,Ч a|beitЧ withЧ someЧtesetvationsЧ andЧ
concetnsЧaboutЧtbeЧ possibilityЧolЧthisЧ hypetbo|icЧthing,ЧasЧaЧdeconsttuc-
tionЧolЧtheЧ/sd¸,Θ olЧcs·¸as,ΘandЧtheteloteЧolЧChtistianЧ¨touching, ¨ЧitsellЧen-
tailingЧ¨humanualist¨ЧotЧanthtopotheo|ogica|Чtouching.Ч
2. 1heЧnotionЧolЧ¨Hesh, ¨ЧandЧitsЧconnotationЧotЧovetdetetmination,ЧandЧ
ChtistianЧ¨toucb, ¨ЧwhethetЧotЧnotЧitЧttanslatesЧtheЧGetmanЧLsi/.Θ
lotЧthisЧmoteЧditectЧapptoacb,ЧandЧinЧotdetЧtoЧ¨touchǣЧ moteЧexp|icit|y,Ч
thematica|lyЧandЧpettinent|y,ЧlЧhope,ЧonЧtbisЧquestionЧolЧChtistianЧ¨touch-
ing, ¨Ч |etЧusЧp|aceЧoutse|vesЧatЧtheЧpointЧwheteЧtheЧotiginatyЧinvo|vementЧ
olЧtheЧothetЧ,olЧtheЧa|tetЧegoƴ ,ЧlotЧexampleЧinЧltanck,ЧseemedЧtoЧdisotga-
niĵeЧotЧ uncentetЧinЧ advanceЧ aЧcettainЧphenomen-ego|ogical,Ч butЧ nonhu-
man,ЧapptoachЧtowatdЧtacti|ity,Ч se|l-contact,ЧandЧ¨touchingЧoneselŲ¨Ч
1ouching,Ч toucbingЧonesell.Ч toЧ beЧ sute,Ч ƺancyЧhasЧputЧinЧ wotdsЧ thisЧ
sttangeЧteHexivity,Ч asΘbaveЧothetsЧbeloteЧhim,ЧbutЧheЧhasЧa|soЧsaidЧitЧs/hs·-
aiss,Θ dilletent|y,Ч lotЧ exampleЧ ltomЧ MauticeЧ MetleauĪlonty,Ч otЧ HentiЧ
Ma|diney.Ч
Remindet.ЧMetleau-lonty.Ч¨1oЧtoucbЧisЧ toЧ toucbЧonese|l. ¨ĊЧ
z¡¡ĕ
Iangsn/ΘlΘ z|·Θ
Maldiney.Ч ¨lnЧtouchingЧthings,ЧweЧtouchЧoutselvesЧtoЧthem,ЧasЧ itЧwete,Ч
weЧateЧsimul taneouslyЧtouchingЧandЧtouched. ¨ŚЧ
āean-LouisЧChtĚtienЧhasЧalsoЧwishedЧtoЧheatЧtheseЧdiscoutsesЧolЧteûectionЧ
s/hs·aissŧΘHeЧcitesЧthemЧatЧtheЧvetyЧbeginningЧolЧtheЧmagnihųcentЧlastЧchap-
tetЧolЧhisЧ bookЧLɏa¸¸s/Θs/Θ/aΘ ·Ǵ¸snssΘ¸ 1heЧCallЧandЧtheЧɶesponseͦ ,ЧwhichЧlЧ
discovetedЧwhenЧitЧwasЧpublishedЧinЧJ¸¸2, andЧthenЧqǃoted,̘ЧallЧtooЧbtieûy,Ч
atЧtheЧptoolЧstage,Ч inЧ theЧhtst,ЧminimalЧvetsionЧinЧĀnglishЧolЧthisЧtext.ЧżЧ
1oday,ЧlЧwouldЧlikeЧtoЧcomeЧbackЧtoЧitЧmoteЧpatiently,ЧbeЧitЧonlyЧtoЧpayЧaЧ
ttibuteЧtoЧit,ЧinЧallЧlaitness.Ч1hisЧbook,ЧandЧitsЧchaptetЧonЧ¨bodyЧandЧtouch¨Ч
moteЧpatticulatly,Ч mayЧhaveЧhadЧoneЧûƛaw,ЧthatЧ is,Ч itЧignotedЧ otЧlackedЧ allЧ
knowledgeЧolЧNancy'sЧimmenseЧwotk,ЧevenЧilЧshatingЧthisЧsetiousЧignotanceЧ
withЧtooЧmanyЧolЧoutЧcontempotaties,Чalas,ЧwasЧitsЧexcuse.ЧLetЧusЧbetЧthatЧ
thisЧignotanceЧwillЧ notЧlast.Ч
lЧ doЧnotЧknowЧanyЧthinkingЧthatЧisЧmoteЧlotcelulЧandЧcohetent,ЧmoteЧ
ptepatedЧtoЧgiveЧtoЧtheЧconceptЧolЧ Εssh-toЧû eshЧtoǃchingЧandЧtouchedĶ
theЧChtistianЧvocationЧtoЧwhichЧlЧ haveЧltequentlyЧalludedЧbelote.Ч OneЧ isЧ
noЧlongetЧdealingЧwithЧ connotationЧ otЧ ovetdetetmiȍation, Ч otЧ aЧ ¨touch¨Ч
moteЧotЧlessЧacceptedЧotЧdenied,ЧbutЧwithЧdelibetateЧdeclatations. ЧChtĚtienЧ
putsЧinЧpetspectiveЧagainЧneatlyЧevetyЧavenueЧolЧthoughtЧthatЧweЧhaveЧsitČ
uatedЧupЧtoЧthisЧpoint,ЧltomЧAtistotleЧtoЧHussetl'sЧphenomenology.ЧHeЧacČ
commodatesЧtheЧothetЧandЧinsctibesЧanЧessentialЧdwellingЧtoЧaccommodateЧ
theЧ othet-theЧothetЧexceedingЧtheЧlЧ ,asЧ doesЧ ltanck-whomЧChtĚtienЧ
nevetЧmentions,Чhowevet,ЧlЧthink)-atЧtheЧcatnalЧheattЧolЧtheЧegoЧandЧego-
logicalЧptopetness.ĭЧlnЧ thisЧway,Ч he,Ч too,Ч dissymmettizesЧtheЧteûexivityЧolЧ
toǃching,Ч asЧwellЧasЧ ssĬΘ/sΘ Mching,Θ andЧtevetsesЧitsЧ otigin.Ч ßǃtЧheЧdoesЧthisЧ
inЧaЧtextЧthatЧoneЧcanЧteadЧthisЧtimeЧasЧ aЧpowetlul,ЧmodetnЧAtistotelian-
1homistЧhaptologyljЧ lnЧlact,Ч itsЧ claimЧ isЧ toЧ takeЧAtistotle'sЧ thinkingЧasЧ aЧ
¨guidingЧthtead¨Ч ,ChtĚtien,ЧLu¸¸s/Θs/Θhĕ·Ǵ¸snss,Θp.Ч rozĕ , ěΘthoughЧtheЧquasi-
lastЧwotd,Ч otЧatЧleastЧtheЧdecisiveЧatgument,Ч thatЧcallsЧ intoЧ questionЧaЧteČ
ûexiveЧ ¨sell-touch, ¨ЧisЧ thatЧ olЧ1homasЧ Aquinas,Ч Atistotle'sЧ intetptetetˎs.Ч
1heЧttansitivityЧolЧtouchЧalwaysЧwinsЧovetЧteûįexivityljЧ ChtĚtienЧsaysЧ¨ttanČ
sitivity¨Ч tathetЧthanЧ¨intentionality, ¨Ч althoughЧ hisЧdiscoutseЧshowsЧ manyЧ
matksЧolЧtheЧphenomenologicalЧttaditionЧandЧpteciseЧteletencesЧtoЧHussetlЧ
andЧMetleau-lonty.Ч ConcetningЧtheЧahsΘandЧtheЧaha/ΘolЧthisЧitteducibleЧ
/·ansi/i·i/¸,Θ ChtĚtienЧ wantsЧ toЧ temindЧ usЧ olЧsomeЧ decisiveЧ moments.Ч toЧ
touchЧisЧtoЧtouchЧsomeoneЧotЧsomething,ЧtouchЧssms/hingΘs/ss,ΘtouchЧssms-
/hingΘs/hs·,ΘssmsΘs/hs·-oƤΘitЧisЧnothing,ЧitЧisЧnotЧtouching.ЧĀvenЧwhenЧweЧ
ateЧinЧ,ssĬ) touch,Ч otЧwhenЧtheЧtouchingЧonesЧtouchЧ/hsmss/·ss,ΘtheyЧateЧinЧ
Exsm¸/·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh"Θ
touchЧwithЧ somethingЧothetЧthanЧ themselvesЧ andЧateЧ touchedЧbyЧsomeĜ
thingЧothetЧthanЧtheЧsameЧse|lЧthatЧtouches.Ч theЧtouchingЧcannotЧbeЧtheЧ
sameЧ asЧ theЧtoǃchedЧevenЧwhenЧtheЧ touchingЧtouchesЧi/ssþΘ1henЧ someЧ
othetЧisЧinЧitsell.ЧOneЧőoesЧnotЧ/sachΘwhenЧoneЧtouchesЧns/hing,ΘwhenЧoneЧ
touchesЧsnΘns/hingΘandЧtampetsЧwithЧit.Ч
1heteЧisЧnothingЧmoteЧlogical,ЧmoteЧ|ogico-gtammatical,ЧnothingЧthatЧ
makesЧmoteЧsenseЧthanЧthisЧaxiom.ЧɮenceЧtheЧőilhcuĦtyЧĩletЧusЧnotЧsayЧtheЧ
impossibiĦityƋЧconlettingЧonЧtheЧuntouchableЧtheЧĦegitimacy,Чdignity,ЧnecesĜ
sity,ЧanőЧtheЧvetyЧsignihcation,Ч thatЧweЧtecognizedЧlotЧitЧinЧothetЧdiscoutsesЧ
andЧinЧdi
Ȇ
etentЧsenses,ЧltomЧLevinasЧtoЧMet|eauĪɴonty,Ч lotЧexamp|e.Ч1tanĜ
sivityЧdoesЧnotЧĦetЧitseĦlbeЧteduced,ЧevenЧinЧtheЧptesumedЧteûʗexivityЧolЧ ssĬΘ
/sachingΘĩtoЧwhich,Ч incidentaĦly,Ч ńhtűtienЧisЧaЧpattyЧltomЧtheЧvetyЧbeginķ
ningЧ _Lu¸¸s/Θs/Θ/aΘ ·é¸snss,Θ p. Ч ĠozĂ ) . Ч1heЧ dilhcultyЧ liesЧ notЧ soЧ muchЧ inЧ
tehexivityЧotЧtevetsibi|ity,ЧwhichЧńhtűtienЧacknowledgesЧandЧtakesЧintoЧacĜ
countЧ ĩbetweenЧ meЧ anőЧme,Ч i . e. , ЧMetĦeauĪɴonty.Ч ¨1oЧ touchЧisЧ toЧ touchЧ
onesell¨-otЧbetweenЧ thingsЧ andЧ mysell,Ч i . e. , Ч Maldiney.Ч ¨lnЧ touchingЧ
things,Ч weЧ touchЧ outselvesЧ toЧ them,Ч asЧ itЧweteǺЧ weЧ ateЧ simuĦtaneouslyЧ
touchingЧandЧtouched. ¨Ƌ, ЧbutЧhasЧtoЧdoЧwithЧs¸mms/·¸.Θ1heteЧmayЧbeЧsomeЧ
tevetsibilityЧotЧtehexiveЧlo|őingЧbutЧitЧisЧinЧtheЧexposeőЧincutvationЧolЧaЧ
őisymmetty.Ч ńhtűtienȗsЧinitialЧstatementЧĩ¨1hisЧtevetsibilityЧőoesЧ notЧyieldЧ
anyЧsymmetty¨Ч _p« Ġo|Ž )ЧluĦhĦĦsЧitsellЧinЧhisЧmodetnЧ tepetitionЧolЧAquinas,Ч
teĦayedЧbyЧsomeЧassettionsЧ olЧalhtmation,ЧassettiveЧinstancesЧolЧ¨yes¨ЧanőЧ
¨yesЧto, ¨ЧinЧaЧlaitЧnumbetЧolЧthinketsЧ andЧpoets-lotЧexample,Ч ͕lke.Ч1oЧ
beЧsensitiveЧtoЧtouch,ЧleelЧcontact,ЧandЧtoЧsense,Ч isЧtoЧcsnssn/.Θ1heЧsenseЧolЧ
touchЧisЧhtstЧolЧall,ЧlikeЧtheЧsenseЧolЧevetyЧsensation,ЧaЧsenseЧolЧconsentŬЧitЧ
isЧanőЧhasЧthisЧsense.Ч¸ssşΘ/sΘcsnssn/,ΘwhichЧalways,ЧanőЧinЧadvance,ЧimpliesЧ
ttansitivityЧ,¸ssΘ/sşΘ /sΘcsnssn/Θ/s) .Θ
LvetyϞsensationϞƟtstϞconsentsϞtoϞtbeϞwotɯd,Ϟ andϞonlyϞtbetebyϞcanϞitϞcomeϞbackϞ
toϞitsellņϞTbeϞɫ oyϞolϞbeingϞisϞolϞanϞaltogetbetϞdiHetentϞotdetϞltomϞanyϞsensationϞ
andϞanyϞsell˖pleasute.ϞȼlϞj oyϞbutnsϞwitbϞaϞputeϞyesϞandϞtisesϞlikeϞaϞHameϞwitbdž
outϞleaningϞbackϞontoϞitsellņϞ ltϞisϞnotϞtoϞonesellϞtbatϞoneϞsaysϞyes,ϞandϞtbatϞisϞ
wbyϞitϞisϞonlyϞwitbinϞtbeϞyesϞtbatϞoneϞisϞttulyϞonesellņϞ
TtansivityϞisϞ tbusϞ lotemostϞandϞitϞisϞtadical̚Ϟ toϞ live,Ϟ indeedǓϞ isϞ toϞ beϞ out-
ˊƓɒɠdzdraassensein,˰asϞěƢlkeϞputsϞitϞinϞbisϞlastϞpoemņϞ ,Cbtétien,ϞȥŚa¸¸e/˰et˰mĕϴͼĜ
¸ďnseǫ˰ pȧϞ I(;)ª
̻otЧtheЧmomentЧletЧusЧallowЧthisЧ¸ssΘtoЧ butnЧ anőЧitsЧ ûameЧtoЧtiseɩЧweɔllЧ
seeЧaЧneedЧlotЧitЧlatet.Ч
Iangsn/ΘlΘ :|/Θ
WΟy,Ч andЧhow,Ч canЧtheЧĸttansitivity¨Ч beЧĸlotemost¨Ч andЧĸtadical¨ :Ч ǻeteЧ
isЧwheteЧ theЧ teletenceЧtoЧAquinasЧbecomesЧnecessatyŜЧ itЧchtistianizesЧthisЧ
haptologics.ЧAquinasЧ commentsЧ onЧandЧtelaunchesЧAtistotelianЧ theologyЧ
dealingЧwithЧintellectualЧcontactЧandЧtheЧintellectǥsЧtouchingЧtheЧintelligibleЧ
,weЧspokeЧolЧthisЧeatliet) ,ЧandЧheЧthetebyЧsimultaneouslyЧassettsЧtheЧimms-
diaƆΘolЧintellectualЧtouchingЧandЧtheЧ¸·imaƆΘolЧtheЧintelligible.Ч SpitituaƚЧ
touchingǏЧasЧ puteЧactЧknowsЧneithetЧanyЧintetvallicЧmediumЧnotЧanyЧdis-
tance,ЧitЧevenЧttanscendsЧtheЧvalueЧolЧallect.Ч 8eingЧaЧtouchingЧwithoutЧal-
lection, ЧanЧ activeЧandЧactualЧtouching,ЧitЧisЧ noЧlongetЧmediatizedЧasЧĸcatnalЧ
touching¨Ч wouldЧ be.Ч 8utЧ lotЧ allЧ itsЧ immediacy,Ч itЧ nonethelessЧ temainsЧ
ĸttansitive. ¨ЧltЧisЧnoЧlongetЧsimplyЧûesh,Ч butЧspititЧalteady,Ч itЧisЧnoЧlongetЧ
tempotalЧ otЧ potential,Ч butЧ etetnal-likeЧ theЧ puteЧ actЧ otЧAtistotle'sЧ htstЧ
movet.Ч1tansitivityЧthatЧisЧmaintainedЧisЧaЧttansitionЧltomЧsellЧtoЧsell-puteЧ
teûectionЧasЧ puteЧttansitivity.Ч HenceЧ aЧbteakЧltomЧtheЧphenomenologyЧolЧ
catnalЧ autoĪallection, ЧthatЧisЧtoЧsay,Ч ltomЧaЧsensibl eЧhaptology.ЧWhatЧthisЧ
saysЧisЧthatЧtheЧsenseЧolЧtouchingЧmayЧnotЧcomeЧltomЧtheЧsenses,ЧtheЧptopetЧ
senseЧolЧtouchЧisЧloteignЧtoЧsensibility.Ч SuchЧisЧthisЧstoty,Ч thisЧhistotyЧextta-
otdinaite-theЧotdinatyЧstotyЧandЧhistotyЧolЧChtistianЧlanguage.ЧlatЧltomЧ
takingЧspititualЧotЧintellectualЧtouchingЧlotЧaЧmetaphotЧolЧsensibleЧtouch-
ing,ЧweЧ onЧtheЧconttatyЧhaveЧtoЧconvettЧ ,itЧisЧaЧcsn·s·sisn,Θindeed)Ч theЧinČ
tetptetationЧolЧsensibleЧtouchingЧsoЧasЧ toЧdeciphetЧinЧitЧtheЧincatnateЧttopeЧ
andЧtheЧcatnalЧh guteЧolЧaЧputelyЧspititualЧtouch.Ч1hisЧconvetsionЧisЧnotЧaЧ
thetoticalЧopetation,ЧitЧisЧaЧconvetsionЧolЧtheЧbody,Ч itsЧbecoming-hesh.Чĸ8yЧ
actuallyЧtouchingЧtheЧintelligibleЧthatЧitЧisЧitsell,ЧspititЧetetnallyЧaccedesЧtoЧ
itsellЧandЧttansitsЧltomЧitsellЧtoЧitsell.Ч ltЧbecomesЧwhatЧitЧtouchesЧandЧasЧ itЧ
touches.Ч1heЧptimacyЧolЧtheЧinteƚligibleЧisЧalwaysЧcleatlyЧassetted.ЧTheteЧisЧ
thusЧ aЧ tadicalЧ dilletenceЧ ltomЧ theЧ myЧabsoluteЧ contactЧ withЧ mysell'Ч olЧ
whichЧMetleauĪlontyЧspeaksЧandЧltomЧautoĪallection¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Чi ;ǰ) . Ǎ NJЧ
B¸Θ /hsΘsamsΘs/·s/sΘ,andЧthisЧindissociability,Ч thisЧtigotousЧconsequenceЧ
mayЧbeЧwhatЧgivesЧ thisЧtextЧitsЧotiginalityЧandЧimptessive,ЧimpettutbableЧ
lotce) ,Ч theЧ ChtistianЧ bodyЧolЧthisЧ convetsionЧptesentsЧ itsellЧasЧ aЧ his/s·icΘ
bodyЧmatkedЧinЧ itsЧvetyЧessenceЧbyЧtheЧhistoticalЧ eventЧ olЧtevelation, Чln-
catnation,ЧtheЧĀuchatist,Ч byЧtheЧgiving,Ч theЧannouncing,Ч theЧptomising,Ч
andЧtheЧmemotyЧolЧĸHocЧestЧmeumЧcotpus. ¨Ч1heteЧisЧnoЧlongetЧanyЧdenialЧ
whatsoevetЧolЧtheЧbody'sЧhistoticity,Ч noЧassettionЧolЧanЧabsttactЧhistoticityЧ
withoutЧaЧhistotyЧolЧtouch,ЧasЧinЧsomeЧphenomenologăesЧolЧessentialЧatche-
lacticity,Ч otЧsomeЧ ,Heideggetian)ЧthinkingЧolЧOƓn/a·/si/Θ,tevealability)Ч asЧ
moteЧotiginatyЧthanЧOƔn/a·angΘ,tevelation) .ЧltЧisЧasЧaЧChtistianЧbodyЧthatЧ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh"Θ
theЧChtistianЧ bodyЧptesentsЧitsellЧheteЧ andЧsignsЧitsell,Ч whichЧ isЧ toЧsayЧasЧ
theЧpost-sin,Чpost-lncatnationЧhistoticalЧbody-asЧwhatЧitЧis,ЧwhichЧisЧtoЧ
sayЧ asЧ whatЧ itЧ aspitesЧ toЧ be,Ч inЧ spitit,Ч inЧ itsЧ ttuth.Ч ltЧ isЧ upЧ toЧ othetsЧ toЧ
demonsttate,Ч ilЧtheyЧcanЧ btingЧptool,Ч thatЧ theyЧhaveЧnothingЧtoЧ do,Чsee,Ч
make,ЧandЧtouchЧwithЧtheЧhistotyЧandЧstotyЧolЧthisЧttuth.Ч
B¸Θ /hsΘsamsΘs/·s/sΘ,andЧthisЧs/·s/sΘwillЧnotЧbeЧlongЧinЧconvettingЧitsellЧ
intoЧaЧhetyЧca·sss) ,ΘtheЧnotionЧolЧcsn/ingsnc¸ΘtakesЧonЧaЧlullyЧhistoticalЧmean-
ing,ЧltomЧitsЧetymologicalЧcontactЧwithЧtouching.ЧChaptetЧroΘanalĿzedЧtheЧ
tematkableЧcondensationЧ toЧwhichЧ theЧwotdЧ ¨contingency¨Ч givesЧ tiseЧinЧ
ltanckɐsЧwtiting.ЧHete,ЧinЧaЧgestuteЧthatЧisЧanalogousЧyetЧtadicallyЧdiʄetentЧ
,pattiallyЧexplainingЧtheЧlackЧolЧaЧteletenceЧtoЧltanck,ЧnoЧdoubt) ,ЧChtĚtienЧ
inЧhisЧtutnЧdetetminesЧandЧemphasizesЧtheЧwotdЧ¨contingency¨-thtoughЧ
theЧ,otiginatyЧaƯdЧetymologicaϑ)ЧcontactЧbeȎweenЧtouchingЧ,theЧsell-touchingЧ
olЧtheЧdivineЧspătitЧthatЧgoesЧupЧinЧûđamesЧbyЧitsell)ЧandЧtheЧhistoticalЧcon-
tingencyЧolЧtheЧcteatuteЧthatЧ¨comesЧaltetЧit¨ЧandЧletsЧitsellЧbeЧtouchedЧbyЧ
it.Ч OnlyЧsinceЧtheЧhistotyЧolЧcteation,ЧandЧthenЧincatnation,ЧdoesЧcontin-
gencyЧhaveЧanyЧsense.Ч1heЧcteatuteЧisЧcontingent.ЧContingencyЧtouchesЧonЧ
touchЧasЧtheЧexpetienceЧolЧcteatedЧhumanity-inЧhistoticalЧtime,ЧlotevetЧ
andЧetetnally.Ч ɲtetЧheЧhasЧquotedЧAquinasЧ aboutЧtouchingЧtheЧ¨htstЧintel-
ligible,¨ЧChtĚtienЧthusЧptoduces,Чte-ptoduces,ЧotЧmotivatesЧtheЧwotdЧ¨con-
tingency¨.Ч¨ltЧisЧltomЧcontactЧwithЧitsellЧasЧintelligibleЧthatЧtheЧdivineЧspititЧ
isЧ inûįamedЧ andЧ setsЧ itsellЧonЧ hteЧ etetnally,Ч andЧ itЧisЧ byЧlettingЧ itsellЧbeЧ
touchedЧthatЧitЧsetsЧonЧhȉteЧwhatЧcomesЧaltetЧit.ЧWhatЧisЧmostЧnecessatyЧisЧ
csn/ingsnc¸ΘitselʦЧinЧtheЧetymologicalЧsenseЧolЧtheЧtetm-theЧvetyЧcontactЧ
ltomЧwheteЧtheЧetetnalЧhashЧolЧlightЧ _éc/ai·¦Θ sptingsЧlotth,ЧltomЧwhichЧallЧ
isЧsuspendedЧandЧallЧdepends¨Ч,ibid. , Чp.Чr ;r) . Θ
WhyЧthisЧûϒame:ЧAЧûđameЧthatЧsetsЧonЧhte,ЧnoЧdoubtЧ,ttansitively) ,ЧbutЧbe-
causeЧitЧhtstЧsetsЧi/ss¡ΘonЧhšteЧ,¨theЧdivineЧspititЧisЧinhamedЧandЧsetsЧitsellЧonЧ
hteЧetetnally,Ч andЧitЧisЧbyЧlettingЧitsellЧbeЧtouchedЧthatЧitЧsetsЧonЧhteЧwhatЧ
comesЧaltetЧit¨) :Ч1heЧhameЧisЧnotЧonlyЧaЧhguteЧlotЧdesiteЧandЧlove,ЧwhichЧ
willЧsoonЧinspite,Чaspite,ЧandЧspititualiĵeЧthisЧhapto-onto-theo-teleologyЧolЧ
ChtistianЧheshЧ,theЧChtistianЧ¨tepetition¨ЧolЧ¨desite¨ЧaccotdingЧtoЧAtistotle,Ч
whichЧweЧhadЧalteadyЧlollowedЧinЧRavaisson) , ǁ ϐ ЧandЧÜ eatlyЧÜ theЧnextЧsen-
tence.Ч¨OnlyЧtheЧthoughtЧolЧlove,Чhowevet,ЧgivesЧheshЧallЧitsЧspititualЧchatge,Ч
andЧleadsЧtouchЧtoЧitsЧhighestЧpossibility¨Ч ,ibid. , Чp.Ч r ;r). Θ
1heЧûįameЧi sЧtheЧbecoming-loveЧolЧAtistotelianЧdesiteЧ,s·sxis) ,ΘbecauseЧitЧ
touchesЧandЧahects,ЧandЧitЧsignihesЧhtstЧolЧallЧtheЧspontaneiȎyЧolЧaЧcaasaΘsai.Θ
aЧûđameЧisЧinûđamedЧandЧsetsЧi/ss¡ΘonЧhte,ЧinЧanyЧcase,Ч itЧseemsЧtoЧcatchЧhteЧ
Iangsn/ΘlΘ z
ʜ)Θ
wltboutȡanyȡoutsldeȡcause,ȡandȡlnȡtblsȡway,ȡltȡlsȡdlvlne-llkeȡtbeȡlltstȡMovetȡ
otȡluteȡAct,ȡ tbeȡtblnklngȡofȡtbougbt, Đ ` ȡtbeȡdesltableȡ Godȡwboȡmovesȡbyȡ
blmselfȡandȡlnspltesȡdeslte.ȡ 8utȡbeteȡAtlstot|eĩsȡ Godȡlsȡlnh nltlzed.ȡHeȡwasȡ
alteadyȡ dlscontlnuousȡ andȡ ttanscendentȡ lnȡ tbeȡ scopeȡ ofȡtbeȡ sublunatyȡ
wotld,ȡ andȡbeȡnowȡbecomesȡlnhnltelyȡdlstantȡotȡdlscontlnuousȡwltboutȡanyȡ
posslbleȡanalogyȡwltbȡtbeȡwotldȡofȡcteatutesȡ ,tbougbȡmedlatlonȡbyȡtbeȡSon,ȡ
andȡlncatnatlon,ȡÜ weȡsballȡsee,ȡmayȡextendȡltsȡbandȡtoȡtblsȡanalogy,ȡ otȡ
evenȡsbakeȡbandsȡwltbȡlt) .ȡ8yȡbutnlngȡasȡlf byȡltselfȡŹtedexlvely) ,ȡtbeȡdameȡ
toucbesȡandȡlndamesȡ,ttansltlvely) .ȡltȡlsȡasȡlfȡoneȡbadȡtoȡstattȡftomȡhteȡtoȡ
tblnkȡtbeȡtoucblngȡofȡssătoucblng,ȡandȡnotȡtbeȡopposlte.ȡ
ltȡwouldȡnotȡonlyȡbeȡftomȡhteȡbutȡftomȡdames,ȡslnceȡllgbtȡlsȡtbeȡj olntȡ
meanlngȡofȡwbatȡlsȡtbusȡmoteȡ tbanȡ aȡhgute~aȡllgbtȡtbatȡself-toucbes,ȡ
tbetefote,ȡandȡtoucbesȡltselfȡandȡus,ȡandȡtbatȡweȡcanȡtoucb.ȡ8utȡtblsȡbap-
tlcalȡllgbtȡofȡself-consumlngȡdamesȡeludesȡwotsblpƪȡltȡdoesȡnotȡdwel|,ȡasȡ
anȡlmageȡtoȡbeȡadoted.ȡltȡlsȡtbeȡttutbȡofȡaȡllgbtȡwltboutȡldo|sȡandȡlcons,ȡanȡ
lconoclastlcȡllgbt~andȡltsȡdameȡspontaneouslyȡbutnsȡdownȡeňgles.ȡTbatȡ
lsȡwbyȡweȡsaldȡltȡlsȡ ¨moteȡtbanȡaȡh gute,¨ȡ tatbetȡaȡ ttanshgutatlonȡ ofȡhg-
uta|ltyȡltselfȡToucblng,ȡ tblsȡlumlnousȡtoucblng,ȡbecomesȡnatutallyȡmoteȡ
lconoclastlcȡtbanȡvlslon.ȡ ¨ltesenceȡwltboutȡlmageȡandȡwltboutȡteptesen-
tatlon, ¨ȡCbtétlenȡcallsȡtblsȡ|umlnosltyȡ,lbld. , ȡp.ȡr ;z) .ΘNoȡwondetȡtbatȡtblsȡ
ha¸/s/sgs/icsΘofȡtbeȡd ame-lfȡoneȡcanȡputȡltȡtbatȡway-lntetsects,ȡsome-
tlmesȡlltetally,ȡwltbȡlevlnas'sȡdlscoutseȡaboutȡtbeȡca·sssΘ ,¨lntlmateȡptox-
lmlty¨ȡtbatȡ¨nevetȡbecomesȡpossesslon, ¨ȡ¨nakedȡexposltlonȡtoȡtbeȡungtasp-
ab|e, ¨ȡandȡsoȡon) ǂȡ
Tblsȡ ls,ȡ lndeed,ȡwbatȡlmmedlatelyȡfol|owsȡtbeȡpassageȡj ustȡquoted.ȡHeteȡ
lsȡtbeȡdesb,ȡ tben,ȡ tbeȡdesbȡltse|ǝƁȡwbatȡlsȡcalledȡtbeȡdesb, ȡtbatȡwblcbȡcal|sȡ
fotȡtbeȡCbtlstlanȡca·sss,Θ andȡCbtlstlanȡ/s·s,Θ andȡCbtlstlanȡcha·i/¸,Θandȡweȡ
badȡtutnedȡtowatdȡtblsȡd esbȡfotȡsucbȡaȡ|ongȡtlme,ȡevenȡwblleȡteadlngȡdls-
coutsesȡonȡtbeȡdesbȡwboseȡlntentlonsȡweteȡevldentlyȡnotȡCbtlstlanȡ ,wltbȡ
Met|eau-lontyȡotȡltanckȡatȡtbeȡtopȡofȡtbeȡllst)~¨d esb¨ȡ toȡwblcbȡ¨on|yȡ
tbeȡtbougbtȡofȡloveȡ. . . ȡ glvesȡ. . . ȡ a|lȡltsȡspltltua|ȡcbatge¨ .ȡ
WhatϞisϞmostϞuecessatyϞisϞcontingenc,˰itsell,Ϟ iuϞ theϞetymologicalϞseuseϞolϞtheϞ
tetm-theϞvetyϞcoutactϞltomϞwheteϞtheϞetetualϞhashϞolϞlightϞ ¸éc/air¦˰ sptiugsϞ
lotth,ϞltomϞwhichϞallϞisϞsuspeudedϞaudϞallϞdepeudsĭϞ
OulyϞtheϞthoughtϞolϞlove,Ϟhowevet,ϞgivesϞheshϞallϞitsϞspititualϞchatge,ϞaudϞ
leadsϞtouchϞtoϞitsϞhighestϞpossibility.Ϟ ludeed,ϞltomϞtheϞh uiteϞtoϞtheϞiuhuite,ϞaÌÌĕ
coutiuuityϞbteaksϞup,ϞyieldiugϞtoϞauϞiucteasiuglyϞlotcelulϞdiscoutiuuity,ϞaudϞallϞ
tesemblauceϞûƥoutishesϞiuϞauϞeveuϞmoteϞl umiuousϞdissimilatity.Ϟ CoutactϞwithϞ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ¨F/ssh"Θ
theϞ|uh uiteϞisϞuecessatilyϞolϞauϞotdetϞthatϞisϞdilleteutϞltomϞcoutactϞwithϞtheϞhơ-
uite.Ϟ ,ibid. , ϞQQ. i,i-,z)Ϟ
Desplteȡtblsȡdlscontlnulty,ȡandȡdesplteȡtblsȡttanscendenceȡofȡtbeȡlnhnlte,ȡ
andȡdesplteȡtblsȡaoyssalȡdlRetenceȡbetweenȡhnlteȡandȡlnhnlteȡtoucblng,ȡtbeȡ
lattetȡannouncesȡ|tselfȡa/·sad¸Θlnȡtbeȡfotmet.ȡAndȡtblsȡtbeo-teleologlcalȡa/-
·sad¸Θopensȡupȡ atȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeȡtbeȡexpetlenceȡofȡaȡc·i/ica/Θtoucb,ȡtbeȡ oneȡ
teacblngȡbeyondȡldollzedȡlmages,ȡandȡtbeȡexpetlenceȡofȡaȡs/·s/ingΘtoucb,ȡ
wblcbȡexposesȡltselfȡtoȡwbatȡalteadyȡexceedsȡlt.ȡlnȡbotbȡcases,ȡtbeteȡlsȡanȡex-
petlenceȡofȡ ¸·sssncs,Θ butȡaȡptesenceȡwltboutȡteptesentatlon. ȡToucblngȡun-
teptesentableȡptesence.ȡlsn'tȡtblsȡultlmatelyȡtbeȡoestȡdehnltlonȡofȡtoucblngȡ
lnȡgenetal`ȡ8utȡlȡwondetȡlfȡweȡcanȡsayȡtblsȡ,asȡlȡamȡtemptedȡtoȡbelleve)ȡandȡ
aosttactȡtblsȡdehnltlonȡftomȡtbeȡ¨tbeo-teleologlcalȡalteady¨ȡtbatȡlȡj ustȡmen-
tlonedȡtoȡdesctlbǖȡCbtétlen'sȡgestute.ȡ¨8utȡtoucb,¨ȡCbtétlenȡgoesȡonȡtoȡsay,ȡ
¨lnȡandȡ ofȡltsȡownȡhnlteness,ȡlsȡpteclselyȡalteadyȡopenȡtoȡaȡptesenceȡwltb-
outȡlmageȡandȡwltboutȡteptesentatlon,ȡ asȡwellȡasȡtoȡanȡ lntlmateȡptoxlmltyȡ
tbatȡnevetȡbecomesȡpossesslon,ȡandȡtoȡ anȡexposuteȡnakedȡtoȡtbeȡungtas-
pable.ȡ Ofȡwbatȡlȡtoucbȡandȡwbatȡtoucbesȡme,ȡ tbeȡexcessȡovetȡmeȡlsȡend-
lesslyȡattestedȡlnȡtbeȡcatess.ȡAqulnasȡ. . . ȡ ¨ȡ ,lbld. ,ȡp. ȡi;z) .Θ
Toȡ tbeȡdlstlnctlonȡoetweenȡmsdia/sΘandȡimmsdia/sΘ,ltȡlsȡalwaysȡmedlateȡ
catnalȡ toucblng,ȡ alwaysȡ lmmedlateȡspltltualȡ toucblng) , ȡtbenȡoetweenȡ ·s-
ƒƛ sxi·sΘotȡ·s·s·si//sΘandȡ /·ansi/i·sΘ,toucblngȡlsȡ alwaysȡ ttansltlve,ȡwbetbetȡotȡ
notȡltȡlsȡaȡtedexlveȡself-toucblng) ,ȡweȡstlllȡneedȡtoȡaddȡaȡtbltdȡdlstlnctlon,ȡ
tbatȡbetweenȡ·scī·sci/¸Θandȡnsn·sci¸·sci/¸.ΘAqulnasȡnoȡdoubtȡacceptsȡtbatȡ
pbyslcalȡtoucblngȡcanȡbeȡteclptocalȡotȡnonteclptocalȡbetweenȡcteatutes,ȡoe-
tweenȡcteatedȡtblngsȡotȡpetsons.ȡ8utȡcontactȡbetweenȡGodȡandȡtbeȡsoulȡotȡ
mlndȡofȡbumansȡcanȡonlyȡoeȡmutualȡ,ma/aasΘcsn/ac/as) ,Θatȡleastȡlnȡtbeȡgta-
clousȡtactllltyȡoflove.ȡAndȡsucb,ȡmoteovet,ȡlsȡtbeȡvetyȡessenceȡofȡtblsȡCbtls-
tlanȡlovlngȡ_aimancs¦ .Θlmmedlateȡttansltlvlty,ȡ dlssymmetty~andȡteclptoc-
lty.ȡAqulnasȡsaysƧȡ¨NowȡGodȡ. . . ȡ toucbesȡtbeȡsoulȡ,/angi/Θanimam) ,Θcauslngȡ
gtaceȡ lnȡ lt.ȡ. . . ȡ 8utȡ tbeȡ bumanȡ soulȡ lnȡ someȡ senseȡ toucbesȡ Godȡ ,/angi/Θ
Dsam)ΘbyȡknowlngȡHlmȡotȡlovlngȡHlm. ¨ı ¹ȡ¨lnȡaȡway, ¨ȡCbtétlenȡconcludes,ȡ
¨tbeteȡlsȡlndeedȡaȡma/aasΘcsn/ac/as¨Θ,lbld. , ȡp.ȡę;z) .Θ
Lvenȡ lfȡltȡdoesȡ notȡ lnȡanyȡwayȡslgnl¦ȡsymmetty,ȡ tblsȡ pattlculatȡtecl-
ptocltyȡwouldȡnoȡdoubt,ȡtblsȡtlme,ȡbeȡunacceptableȡlnȡaȡdlscoutseȡsucbȡasȡ
levlnas's,ȡ lfȡnotȡlnȡ|udalsmȡ lnȡgenetal,ȡ becauseȡofȡtbeȡtoucblngȡandȡbe-
causeȡofȡtblsȡmutuallśyȡasȡexpetlenceȡofȡtbeȡdlvlneĮȡ
lsȡoneȡdeallngȡbeteȡwltbȡaȡmystlcalȡotȡecstatlcȡtactlllty`ȡCbtétlenȡdlsputesȡ
tbatȡ sucbȡ mlgbtȡoeȡtbeȡ ¨dltectȡotlentatlon¨ȡ ofȡtblsȡ passageȡlnȡAqulnas'sȡ

Iangsn/ΘlΘ
Dis¸a/sdΘˑass/isnsΘsnΘ˓ͥa/h.Θ ßutȡbeȡconcludes-andȡweȡcanȡfeelȡ tbatȡbeȡ
doesȡnotȡmindȡdoingȡit-witbȡtemindetsȡofȡsomeȡadmitableȡtextsȡbyȡSaintȡ
8onaventuteȡotȡespeciallyȡSaintȡ|obnȡofȡtbeȡCtoss,ȡŮtbeȡgteatestȡCbtistianȡ
mysticȡspeakingȡofȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucb. ¨ ȡlotȡtbeȡlattet,ȡGodČsȡtoucbȡ,/sqasΘ
dsΘ/aΘ Di·inidad)Θ isȡ¨aȡsubstantialȡ toucbĖȡ tbatȡis,ȡ ofȡtbeȡsubstanceȡofȡGodȡ
inȡtbeȡsubstanceȡofȡtbeȡsoul. ¨ Ɠ ` ȡ
TbeȡmysticalȡecstasyȡtbatȡIhsΘLi·ingΘF/amsΘs¸ΘLs·sΘdesctibesȡtbusȡj usti-
hesȡ tbeȡnonhguteȡofȡtbeȡd ame,ȡ tbeȡ hetilyȡindamedȡ ttanshgutationȡj ustȡ
mentioned.ȡltȡgatbetsȡtbeȡvetyȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡmattetȡinȡtbeȡlastȡpagesȡofȡCbté-
tien'sȡbookȡLu¸¸s/Θs/Θhĕ·é¸snss,Θhtst,ȡbecauseȡitȡagainȡleadsȡtoȡtbeȡband,ȡtbeȡ
bandȡofȡmanȡ·ss¸sndingΘotȡcs··ss¸sndingΘtoȡtbeȡ ¨bandȡofȡGod¨ȡ toȡwbicbȡ
tefetenceȡwasȡtiskedȡinȡconcludingȡoutȡteadingȡofȡMaineȡdeȡ8itanȡandȡRa-
vaisson,ȡandȡsecond,ȡbecause,ȡbyȡidenti¦ingȡtbisȡbandȡofȡGodȡwitbȡbisȡSonȡ
andȡtbeȡWotd,ȡbyȡbandingȡovetȡspeecbȡtoȡtbisȡband,ȡasȡitȡwete-givingȡitȡaȡ
givenȡwotd,ȡaȡdonatingȡandȡotdainingȡwotd-itȡsummonsȡbotbȡtbeȡeatȡandȡ
tbeȡeye,ȡtbatȡis,ȡtbeȡ¨totalityȡofȡdesb, ¨ȡtoȡtbeȡsameȡ¨beating.¨ȡllesb,ȡ toucb-
ingȡandȡtoucbed,ȡtoȡtbeȡbeatt,ȡgivesȡeatȡandȡlistens.ȡltȡisȡaȡbaptologyȡofȡtbeȡ
beatt,ȡ ofȡanȡopenbandedȡbeatt,ȡ open-beattedȡband,ȡtbeȡtoucbȡofȡdivine,ȡ
hsa·Ȫ//Θms·Ƈ.Θ tbeȡeyeȡlistens,ȡtbeȡeatȡlistens,ȡdesbȡlistens-andȡbutnsȡupȡ
allȡbutȡdyingȡtoȡlisten,ȡdocilely.ȡ ltȡtespondsȡtoȡ tbisȡwotdȡofȡexcessȡwitbȡaȡ
song.ȡTbisȡLsgssΘdictatesȡtbeȡlastȡwotdsȡinȡLu¸¸s/Θs/Θ/aΘ ͦé¸snss.Θ
TheϞ¨metcilulϞhandϞolϞtheϞlathet,¨ϞwithϞwhichϞheϞthusϞtouchesϞus,ϞisϞtheϞSon.Ϟ
TheteloteϞitϞisϞtheϞWotdϞthatϞisϞ¨theϞtouchϞthatϞtouchesϞtheϞsoul¨Ϟ,e/˰toqae˰qae˰
toca˰a/˰a/ma) .˰'Ȃ˰ToϞ beϞthusϞtouchedϞbyϞtheϞWotd,ϞinϞoneưsϞvetyϞsubstance,Ϟbe-
yondϞanyϞimage,ϞisϞptopetlyϞtoϞlisten, ϞtoϞlistenϞwithϞone'sϞwholeϞbeing,ϞbodyϞ
andϞsoul,ϞwithoutϞanythingϞinϞusϞthatϞmightϞeludeϞthisϞheatingϞandϞstayϞout-
sideϞolϞit,ϞbyϞwayϞolϞtheϞgtaciousϞttanshgutationϞthatϞthisϞvetyϞtouchϞachieves.Ϟ
LatsϞ ateϞ notϞaloneϞ inϞlistening,Ϟ eyesϞ doϞ itϞ too,Ϟ andϞ theyϞtespond. Ϟ 8utϞ itϞisϞ
lastlyϞbyϞtakingϞtootϞinϞtheϞtotalityϞolϞûƃ eshϞthatϞtheyϞateϞableϞtoϞdoϞ it.Ϟ lleshϞ
listens,Ϟ andϞlisteningϞinϞthisϞwayϞmakesϞitϞtespond.Ϟ SaintϞ|ohnϞolϞtheϞCtoss,Ϟ
whoϞtediscovetedϞtheϞvigotϞolϞbiblicalϞlanguage,ϞdoesϞdesctibeϞhowϞthisϞsu-
petnatutalϞtouchϞcanϞshineϞandϞglotiŏϞtheϞbody-glotiŏϞtheϞbodyϞinϞitsϞen-
titety.Ϟ ¨Ϟ . . . Ϟ DavidϞsays,ϞH//˰m,˰ /ones˰ ai//˰sa,·˰ Cod˰ aho˰ȸisǢ˰ /ike˰ ȶaĮ˰, ls. Ϟ
,|. io) . ¨ ˰ ƺ ϞWhenϞtheϞwholeϞbodyϞshinesϞandϞbutnsϞltomϞthisϞdivineϞcontact,ϞitϞ
tutnsϞintoϞsongϞandϞWotd,ϞbutϞwhatϞitϞsings-ltomϞitsϞwholeϞsell,ϞwhichϞtheϞ
OthetϞhasϞgathetedϞandϞcollectedĦisϞwhatϞitϞcannotϞsay,ϞwhatϞexceedsϞitϞin-
h nitely,Ϟ andϞthisϞexcess,ϞtoϞwhichϞ touchϞ itsellϞisϞdestined,ϞhasϞ beenϞopenϞlotϞ
usϞlotevetϞhete,ϞinϞtheϞhumblestϞolϞsensationsϞandϞtheϞslightestϞcontact.Ϟ,ibid. , Ϟ
pp. Ϟi,,ˎ,|)Ϟ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
,Tbeȡbandȡ ofȡtbeȡ latbet,ȡ tben,ȡ tbeȡ bandȡwltbȡ wblcbȡbeȡtoucbesȡus,ȡ lsȡ
tbeȡlogosȡ andȡlsȡtbeȡSon. ȡTblsȡ passageȡfol|owsȡaȡdlscoutseȡonȡtbeȡca·sssʧΘ
Cbtétlenȡcannotȡbeȡ cettalnȡtbatȡAqulnasȡgaveȡ ltȡ aȡmystlcalȡsense.ȡMote-
ovetȡtbeȡwotdȡ¨catess, ¨ȡasȡCbtétlenȡpensȡlt,ȡcomesȡtoȡttanslateȡandȡlntet-
ptetȡAqulnas'sȡcsn/ac/asΘma/aasΘ,andȡaltbougbȡCbtétlen'sȡuseȡofȡtbeȡwotdȡ
lsȡlegltlmate,ȡltȡwouldȡbeȡdlfhcultȡtoȡneuttallzeȡlt) .ȡTblsȡ movement,ȡ ftomȡ
tbeȡcatessȡ toȡtbeȡSon,ȡ lsȡalsoȡsometblngȡtbatȡweȡbaveȡfollowedȡwltbȡcu-
tlosltyȡandȡupȡtoȡaȡpolntȡlnȡlevlnas.ȡltȡlsȡnotȡtbeȡsameȡSon,ȡtoȡbeȡsute,ȡal-
tbougbȡ eacbȡtlme,ȡlnȡblsȡascent,ȡlnȡbotbȡlevlnasȡ andȡCbtétlen,ȡbeȡbeatsȡ
tbeȡlnltlalȡcapltalȡlettetȡofȡaȡptopetȡnameȡlnȡtbeȡslngu|at-tbeȡSon, ȡtbeȡ
llneȡtoȡfo|low,ȡlnȡtbeȡdltectlonȡlndlcatedȡeatllet.)ȡ
! d
lȡputposelyȡstattedȡatȡtbeȡend,ȡwblcbȡl sȡtoȡsay,ȡwltbȡtbeȡ¨spltltualȡtoucb,¨ȡ
tbeȡoneȡtbatȡ¨noȡlongetȡptesentsȡanyȡmedlumȡotȡdlstance¨ȡandȡlsȡnoȡmoteȡ
¨ofȡtbeȡotdetȡofȡaRectlon¨ȡtbanȡ¨auto-aRectlon¨,ȡbutȡtbatȡlsȡa|soȡtbeȡoneȡtoȡ
wblcbȡ¨onlyȡtbeȡtbougbtȡofȡlove¨ȡglvesȡ¨al|ȡltsȡspltltualȡcbatge. ¨ȡǀenȡtbeȡ
bandȡofȡmanȡcottespondsȡwltbȡtbeȡbandȡofȡGodȡlnȡtblsȡ¨dlvlneȡcontact¨ȡ
wbetebyȡ¨desbȡllstens, ¨ȡwbenȡtbeȡ¨metclfulȡbandȡofȡtbeȡlatbet¨ȡlsȡtbeȡlo-
gosȡ ,of)ȡ blsȡSon,ȡ tbenȡlnȡtetutnȡoneȡbettetȡundetstandsȡbotbȡtbeȡgenetalȡ
economyȡofȡtbeȡbookȡ,tltledȡLŝ¸¸s/Θs/Θ/aΘ ·é¸snss)Θandȡtbeȡloglcȡptopetȡtoȡltsȡ
|astȡcbaptet,ȡ ¨leȡcotpsȡetȡƵeȡtoucbet¨ȡ ,Tbeȡ 8odyȡandȡToucb) .ȡ lndeed,ȡ ltȡ
opensȡwltbȡtbeȡexpetlenceȡofȡecstasyȡandȡexcessƋȡǁeteȡlooklngȡandȡbeat-
lngȡ lntetsect,ȡ tblsȡ expetlenceȡ lsȡ attestedȡ andȡ dellvetsȡ ¨tbeȡ senseȡ ofȡtbeȡ
senses, ¨ȡtbeȡcatnalȡnatuteȡofȡtbeȡvolceȡtbatȡltselfȡptesupposesȡ tbeȡdesbȡofȡ
¨outȡwboleȡbody. ¨ȡCbtétlenȡptoposesȡmanyȡtblngsȡtbatȡHussetl,ȡasȡweȡte-
call,ȡwou|dȡbaveȡdeemedȡequallyȡftlvolousȡandȡmetapbotlcalȡotȡbetetlcalȡfotȡ
pbenomenologyȡasȡ aȡtlgotousȡsclence.ȡAndȡlnȡ fact,ȡasȡweȡ sballȡ see,ȡltȡlsȡaȡ
cettalnȡ pbenomenologyȡtbatȡ Cbtétlenȡ dlsputesȡwltb,ȡ evenȡ wblleȡ ca|llngȡ
uponȡltȡtespectful|y.ȡ ¨Lyesȡllstenȡandȡvolcesȡlookȡon,ȡecstatlcally.ȡTbeȡsenseȡ
ofȡtbeȡsensesȡlsȡtbeȡexcessȡofȡsense,ȡglvlngȡltselfȡonlyȡtbtougbȡtbeȡwotdȡandȡ
wltblnȡlt.ȡNow,ȡtbeteȡlsȡnoȡvolceȡexceptȡaȡcatna|ȡvolce,ȡandȡoutȡwbo|eȡbodyȡ
lsȡwbatȡltȡptesupposesȡ lnȡotdetȡtoȡbeȡwbatȡltȡls,ȡandȡwbat,ȡlnȡtetutn,ȡ tbeȡ
volceȡmakesȡlntoȡltsȡmoutbpleceȡandȡtbusȡlntoȡtbeȡblgbestȡmanlfestatlonȡofȡ
spltlt¨ȡ,lbld. ,ȡp. ȡror) .Θ
Howȡcanȡself-feellng,ȡwblcbȡtbtougbȡsuRetlngȡotȡpleasuteȡcbatactetlzesȡ
tbeȡ¨tactlleȡbody,ȡ lnȡtbeȡwldestȡacceptlonȡofȡtbeȡwotd,¨ȡ openȡ ttansǻtlvelyȡ
ontoȡexcessȡotȡecstasy`ȡTblsȡlsȡtbeȡplaceȡfotȡtbeȡneededȡtetutnȡtoȡAtlstotleȡ
andȡtbeȡcommonȡplaceȡfotȡallȡtbeȡapotlasȡwantlngȡaȡsolutlon,ȡ onȡtbeȡsub-
j ectȡofȡaȡsense,ȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucb,ȡwblcbȡbasȡtegulatlyȡbeenȡcbatactetlzed,ȡ
Iangsn/ΘlΘ :· ĚΘ
witbȡtbeȡbelpȡofȡaȡgteatȡnamoetȡofȡtefetencesȡandȡaatbotitǼes,ȡasȡ¨tbeȡmostȡ
fundamentalȡandȡunivetsal¨ȡ,ioid. , ȡpp. ȡro
)
Ą|,Θrr:, Θi:
/
Ą:),Θr
))
) , Θ¨tbeȡcom-
monestȡone¨ȡ , pp. ȡr o|Ąrr), Θandȡtbasȡalsoȡtbeȡmostȡ¨anhndaole¨ȡ , p. ȡĺo·), Θ
tbeȡ¨bypetoolicȡsense¨ȡ, p. ȡr r)) . ΘTbeȡhnalȡcbaptet'sȡptogtamȡandȡptoolem-
aticȡateȡinȡfactȡalteadyȡcleatlyȡannouncedȡinȡtbeȡoook'sȡinttodaction.ȡĹ ¨Θ
Atȡtbisȡpoint,ȡtatbetȡtbanȡteconstitutingȡtbeȡlineatȡpatbȡofȡtbisȡcbaptet'sȡ
ticbȡ complexityȡ,altboagbȡtbeȡteadetȡisȡ invitedȡtoȡdoȡso,ȡandȡmoteȡtbanȡ
once) ,ȡletȡmeȡttyȡtoȡdeh neȡaȡfewȡedgesȡinstead-tbeȡonesȡseemingȡatȡtbeȡ
sameȡtimeȡtoȡcallȡfotȡsomeȡquestioningȡandȡtoȡsitaateȡsomeȡpattitionsȡandȡ
dividingȡlines,ȡftomȡoatȡpointȡofȡview.ȡAĕ always,ȡtbeyȡateȡtbeȡpattingȡlinesȡ
tbatȡotingȡoneȡcloseȡtoȡNancy'sȡcs·¸asΘandȡ depattȡftomȡitȡallȡatȡ once,ȡ atȡ
leastȡinȡtbeȡteadingȡptoposedȡbete.ȡ
r.ΘTbeȡendȡofȡanȡimmsdia/sΘspititualȡtoucb,ȡfall,ȡandȡtbetefoteȡintuitive,ȡ
witboutȡ¨mediamȡotȡdistance,¨ȡandȡwitboatȡaffectionȡotȡauto-affection,ȡisȡ
indeedȡwbatȡappeatsȡtoȡ otientȡevetytbingȡ,ms·sΘ/hss/sgicsΘ s/Θ/s/ss/sgics) .Θ
Tbisȡplenitudeȡofȡbapticalȡimmediacyȡbasȡ moteȡtbanȡonceȡ oeenȡidentihedȡ
asȡtbeȡpoleȡofȡallȡmetapbysicaȈȡintaitionism,ȡoeȡitȡftomȡtbeȡoatsetȡanȡopti-
calȡintuitionism.ȡTbisȡimmediateȡplenitadeȡofȡbapticalȡfalh llmentȡisȡofȡtbeȡ
otdetȡofȡtbeȡin¸ni/sΘ,tbeȡCbtistianizationȡofȡAtistotle'sȡ pateȡ act) .ȡ Yetȡ inȡ
otbetȡpatts,ȡandȡconsistentlyȡoefoteȡteacbingȡtbisȡconclasion,ȡCbtétienȡonȡ
tbeȡconttatyȡinsistsȡonȡmediacy,ȡ intetvals,ȡveils,ȡandȡa|lȡtbeȡspacingsȡofȡin-
tetposition,ȡandȡsoȡfottb,ȡandȡtbetefoteȡweȡbaveȡtoȡassumeȡtbatȡbeȡisȡtbenȡ
speaklngȡofȡtbeȡhniteȡtoucbingȡofȡcteatutesȡinȡtoucbȡwitbȡhniteȡoeings.ȡletȡ
meȡciteȡaȡfewȡexamplesȡofȡtbis.ȡ ltomȡtbeȡoeginning,ȡinȡfollowingȡAtisto-
tle,ȡ Cbtétienȡpatsȡtbeȡaccentȡonȡaȡ¨veiling, ¨ȡptopetȡtoȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoacb,ȡ
wbicbȡconcealsȡitsȡownȡconditionsȡofȡexetciseȡandȡptoducesȡevetyȡtbeotet-
icalȡptejadiceȡconcetningȡit. ȡSinceȡtbeteȡisȡnoȡtoucbingȡwitboatȡanȡintet-
valȡ,aȡhlm, ȡaȡmemotaneȡ¨tbatȡkeepsȡtbeȡskinȡapattȡftomȡtbings,ȡandȡtbatȡ
weȡateȡnotȡfeeling¨ȡ ¸ioid. , ȡpĬȡ ioé¦ ) Θandȡsinceȡtbisȡ intetpositionȡslipsȡawayȡ
-well,ȡmediationȡmeetsȡwitbȡoolivionȡandȡptoducesȡanȡi//ass·¸Θoeliefȡinȡ
immediacyȡofȡcontact.ȡTbisȡillusionȡisȡalsoȡtbeȡillasionȡofȡpbenomenologyȡ
castingȡaȡsbadow,ȡ inȡtbisȡcase,ȡinsteadȡofȡsbowingȡofǡȡ¨Tbeȡtbeoteticalȡet-
totȡofȡtboseȡwboȡboldȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucbȡtoȡoeȡimmediateȡteliesȡonȡitsȡownȡ
pbenomenologicalȡoccaltationȡ. . . . ȡ ltejadicesȡaooatȡtoacbȡateȡotdetedȡinȡ
keepingȡwitbȡ itsȡownȡveilingȡ ¸/ssΘ¸·̈agésΘsa·Θ/sΘ /sachs·Θs's·dsnnsn/ΘùssnΘ
¸·s¸·sΘ·si/smsn/¦ ¨Θ,ioid. ) . ȡ¨Tbeȡsenseȡofȡtoacbȡwotksȡoyȡwayȡofȡsometbingȡ
¸tbeȡintetposedȡveil-|.ȡ D. lj ȡ tbatȡ temainsȡ antoucbaole.ȡ lnȡpbenomena,ȡ
z;|Θ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
tbetefote,ȡ tbeteȡ lsȡanȡlntetnalȡvelllng¨ȡ ,lbld. , ȡp.ȡ rĘ·) . ¹
ǒΘ
Tblsȡ spontaneousȡ
velllngȡletsȡtoucbȡsllpȡftomȡstandatdȡpbenomenology,ȡltȡlsȡaboutȡaȡmedl-
atlzedȡsenseȡofȡtoucbȡtbatȡcanȡbeȡnotblngȡbutȡbuman,ȡsensltlve,ȡandȡhnlte,ȡ
asȡweȡbaveȡseen,ȡ andȡnotȡdlvlneȡandȡspltltual.ȡ lotȡanȡaccessȡtoȡspltltualȡ
andȡ lmmedlateȡtoucb,ȡ ltȡlsȡnecessatyȡallȡ atȡonceȡtoȡovetcomeȡAtlstotle'sȡ
apotlasȡandȡleatnȡbowȡtoȡseeȡotȡtblnkȡandȡattalnȡanotbetȡpbenomenologyȡ
ofȡecstasyȡandȡmystlcalȡlove.ȡTbatȡlsȡtbeȡtaskȡCbtétlenȡasslgnsȡblmselfȡbe-
foteȡ tblsȡ htstȡ developmentȡaboutȡ tbeȡvelllngȡofȡtoucbȡ otȡltsȡ htstȡ¨pbe-
nomenologlcalȡ occultatlon. ¨ȡWeȡ mustȡleatnȡ agalnȡ bowȡtoȡ see-agalnstȡ
tblsȡoccultatlon.ȡŶŷĻteȡtbeseȡj ustȡlntetnalȡquandatlesȡlnȡAtlstotle'sȡtblnklng,ȡ
pattaklngȡofȡaȡbadȡposltlonlngȡofȡtbeȡquestlons-otȡdoȡtbeseȡdlfhcultlesȡ
baveȡaȡfoundatlonȡlnȡtbeȡtblngsȡtbemselves`ȡ Doesȡtoucbȡltselfȡsllpȡawayȡ
ftomȡltselfȡbyȡltselfȡlnȡ tegatdȡtoȡtblnklng,ȡotȡlsȡltȡj ustȡweȡwboȡdoȡnotȡknowȡ
bowȡtoȡsee,ȡwblcbȡwouldȡonlyȡtellȡaboutȡoutselvesȡ _csΘqaiΘnƶu¸¸·snd·ai/ΘqasΘ
sa·Θnsasămcmss¦ ·¨Θ,lbld. , ȡp.ȡ iĘ;) . Θ
l nȡotbetȡwotds.ȡbellevlngȡtbatȡbumanȡtoucblngȡ,otȡtbatȡhnlteȡtoucblngȡ
lnȡgenetal)ȡlsȡlmmedlateȡlsȡaȡptejudlce,ȡaȡtbeotetlcalȡettot,ȡctedullty-andȡ
elsewbeteȡ Cbtétlenȡ alsoȡmentlonsȡ¨tbeȡllluslonȡofȡltsȡlmmedlacy¨ȡ ,lbld. , ȡ
p. ȡr|/) . ΘTbeȡgeneslsȡofȡtblsȡctedulltyȡmayȡbeȡtbeȡmostȡwldespteadȡpbllo-
sopblcalȡnaƶveté,ȡandȡweȡcouldȡaccountȡfotȡltȡbyȡanalyzlngȡtbeȡvetyȡsttuc-
tuteȡofȡvelllngȡlnȡltsȡ ptopetnessȡ andȡlntetvalllcȡlntetposltlon,ȡwblcbȡateȡ
pattȡofȡtactlleȡexpetlence.ȡ 8yȡconttast,ȡ tblsȡ lmmedlacyȡnoȡlongetȡcotte-
spondsȡtoȡaȡtbeotetlcalȡptejudlce,ȡctedullty,ȡ otȡpbllosopblcalȡnaƷveté-ltȡlsȡ
noȡ longetȡanȡ ¨llȉuslon¨-asȡ soonȡ asȡ lnhnlteȡtoucblng,ȡ ma/aasΘcsn/ac/asΘ
wltbȡ God,ȡlsȡatȡlssue.ȡTbete,ȡlntetvalllcȡlntetposltlonȡlsȡnoȡmote.ȡ Lssen-
tlally,ȡ excellently,ȡ ltȡlsȡtblsȡimmsdia/s,Θ lnhnlte,ȡspltltualȡtoucbȡtbatȡwouldȡ
teacbȡusȡtoȡ/hin/Θwbatȡ/sachingΘmeansȡtoȡsay,ȡlnȡttutb,ȡandȡcallȡonȡusȡtoȡdoȡ
so. ȡlsn'tȡltȡsolelyȡ/¸Θ ana/sgyΘwltbȡtblsȡma/aasΘcsn/ac/asΘtbatȡweȡlntetptetȡ
bumanȡotȡhnlteȡtoucblng,ȡandȡtbenȡfotgetȡtbeȡlntetvalȡandȡglveȡlnȡtoȡlllu-
slon`ȡ lmmedlacyȡlsȡ tbeȡabsoluteȡttutbȡ ofȡdlvlneȡtoucblng,ȡ ¨tbeȡbandȡofȡ
God, ¨ȡblsȡlncatnatlonȡlnȡlogosȡotȡtbeȡSon'sȡ desb-andȡtbetefoteȡofȡc·s-
a/isnΘ andȡ tbeȡ actȡ ofȡcteatlng,ȡbutȡltȡ lsȡaȡ¨tbeotetlcalȡettot, ¨ȡ anȡ¨llluslon¨ȡ
botnȡftomȡ¨pbenomenologlcalȡoccultatlon¨ȡlnȡtbeȡcaseȡofȡbumanȡotȡhnlteȡ
toucblngȡlnȡgenetal-andȡtbetefoteȡlnȡtbeȡcaseȡofȡtbeȡc·sa/a·s.Θ
z.Θ Accotdlngȡtoȡ ltsȡ standatdȡlntetptetatlon,ȡpbenomenologyȡofȡpetcep-
tlonȡwouldȡtbetefoteȡbeȡlgnotantȡaboutȡ/s/hΘtbeȡvelllngȡandΘtbeȡptejudlcesȡ
tbatȡltȡgenetatesȡonȡtbeȡsubjectȡofȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucb'sȡallegedȡlmmedlacy.ȡ
Ƽnōsn/ȡlΘ 2] ]
Tbeȡhnltenessȡofȡbumanȡllvlngȡcltcumsctloesȡlt,ȡasȡaȡpbenomenologyȡofȡ
aāc/ionȡandȡaa/o-aāc/ionȡ,wbatȡttueȡtoucblng,ȡspltltualȡotȡdlvlneȡtoucb-
lng,ȡwblcbȡlsȡptopet,ȡlnhnlte,ȡaosolutelyȡttansltlve,ȡlsȡnot) .ȡAsȡaȡpbenome-
nologyȡofȡtbeȡcteatute,ȡotȡmoteȡpteclselyȡtbeȡfallenȡcteatute,ȡlockedȡuponȡ
ltselfȡltȡsbouldȡoeȡdlsputed,ȡotȡatȡtbeȡvetyȡleastȡsavedȡftomȡltself,ȡovetcome,ȡ
ttanscendedȡtowatdȡtbeȡautbentlcȡimmsĘiacȟȡofȡspltltualȡtoucblngȡ,wltb-
outȡ¨medlum¨ȡotȡ¨dlstance¨) , ȡtbatȡls,ȡtowatdȡltsȡlnhnlte,ȡexcesslveȡsutplus.ȡ
8utȡonceȡmote,ȡpteclselyȡoyȡteasonȡofȡtbeȡma/aasȡcon/ac/as,ȡweȡmustȡnotȡ
takeȡtbeȡlncatnateȡWotdȡotȡlnhnlteȡlogosȡ,¨tbeȡbandȡofȡGod¨-otȡ¨tbeȡ
Son¨) ,ȡ toȡ wblcbȡ tblsȡ spltltualȡ andȡ lnhnlteȡ toucbȡ cottespondsȡ ,wltboutȡ
¨medlum¨ȡotȡ¨dlstance¨) , ȡtoȡoe,ȡlnȡltsȡexcessȡotȡlnhnlteȡttanscendence,ȡslm-
plyȡssřaąa/sĘȡftomȡbumanȡhnltenessȡandȡltsȡvelledȡotȡmedlatlzedȡtoucblngƌȡ
logosȡglvesȡusȡaȡslgnȡofȡtbeȡband.ȡlogosȡ,wblcbȡCbtétlenȡalwaysȡttanslatesȡ
asȡtbeȡWotdȡ _Ľsȡƿąǎs] -andȡlȡwondetȡwby.ȡtbeteȡlsȡmucbȡtoȡsayȡaooutȡtblsȡ
bete) ,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡtbeȡbandȡofȡtbeȡmetclfulȡlatbet,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡ tbeȡ
Son. ȡ lncatnatlonȡ lsȡ tblsȡ slgnȡ ofȡtbeȡ band.ȡ Tblsȡ slgnȡ ofȡtbeȡ bandȡ ofȡtbeȡ
latbet-and-tbe-Sonȡlsȡannouncedȡlnȡtbeȡexcellenceȡofȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanĉ
pteclselyȡwbeteȡbeȡtoucbesȡotȡletsȡblmselfȡoeȡtoucbedȡoyȡwbatȡmakesȡOneȡ
bete,ȡ tbatȡls,ȡ logos-tbe-Hand-of-tbe-Metclful-latbet-tbe-Son. ȡAndȡtblsȡ
slgnȡofȡtbeȡglvlngȡbandȡcomesȡagalnȡftomȡtbeȡbeatt~tbeȡfotglvlng,ȡmet-
clfulȡbeatt,ȡtbeȡsactedȡbeatt.ȡ
Tbeȡelementȡofȡtblsȡdlscoutseȡ,¨call¨ȡandȡ¨tesponse¨)ȡ lsȡlndeedȡtbeȡlo-
gos's,ȡanȡantbtopo-tbeo- Ľoōicaŕȡlogos's.ȡlncatnatlonȡlntoȡtbeȡdŗ esbȡofȡaȡGodȡ
maklngȡblmselfȡlntoȡMan.ȡlogos~alsoȡkŘownȡasȡtbeȡSon~callsȡonȡman,ȡ
onȡman'sȡ tesponseȡandȡtesponslolllty,ȡ evenȡlfȡmanȡlsȡneltbetȡtbeȡlogos'sȡ
otlglnȡ notȡltsȡownet. ` Đ ȡlogosȡmakesȡ ltselfȡknownȡtoȡMan,ȡ asȡ doesȡGod'sȡ
Handȡtoȡman'sȡband.ȡltȡfollowsȡtbat,ȡ lnȡsplteȡofȡCbtétlen'sȡlnslstenceȡonȡ
velllng,ȡmedlacy,ȡ andȡtbeȡptejudlcesȡmaklngȡoneȡtakeȡfotȡgtantedȡtbeȡlm-
medlacyȡofȡbumanȡtoucblng,ȡtbeȡtltelessȡandȡallȡtooȡclasslcalȡptalseȡofȡtbeȡ
bandȡofȡmanȡandȡtbeȡexcellenceȡofȡbumanȡ tactlllty,ȡ wblcbȡweȡ canȡ tbenȡ
tead,ȡwlllȡcomeȡasȡnoȡsutptlse.ȡCbtétlenȡlnvokesȡnumetousȡtextsȡftomȡtbeȡ
ttadltlonȡlnȡotdetȡtoȡ oeatȡwltnessȡatȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeȡtoȡtblsȡsupetlotltyȡofȡ
bumanȡ tactllltyȡandȡ toȡ wbatȡputsȡ ltȡtlgbtȡwltbȡtbeȡbandȡltselŇȡ Mostȡ ofȡ
tbeseȡptonouncementsȡaooutȡtbeȡexcellenceȡofȡbumanȡ toucblngȡateȡex-
ptesslyȡlnsctloedȡwltblnȡtbeȡAtlstotellanȡttadltlon-moteȡpteclsely,ȡwltblnȡ
Atlstotellanȡteleologyȡbeteȡandȡtbeteȡtelayedȡoyȡltsȡbelts,ȡmoteȡotȡlessȡdl-
tectȡotȡdeclated.ȡ¨Tbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucbȡlsȡtbeȡonlyȡoneȡpettalnlngȡtoȡallȡanl-
mateȡllvlngȡbelngs,ȡbutȡatȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeȡAtlstotleȡptoclalmsȡltsȡexcellenceȡ
i
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
andȡltsȡsupetlotltyȡlnȡbumans.ȡ manȡ lsȡaȡtactlleȡoelng,ȡblsȡvetyȡbumanltyȡ
dependsȡonȡlt¨ȡ,lold. , ȡp.ȡr r
)
) . ¹¹Θ
Wbatȡlsȡptopetlyȡman's,ȡ namely,ȡ tbeȡband,ȡonceȡagalnȡcottespondsȡtoȡ
tblsȡexcellenceȡofȡtbeȡbumanȡsenseȡofȡtoucb.ȡ ¨Howȡlsȡoneȡtoȡdesctloeȡandȡ
speclǢȡtblsȡexcellenceȡofȡbumanȡtoucblng`ȡTbeȡband,ȡptopetȡtoȡman,ȡnat-
utallyȡ comesȡ toȡ mlndȡ becauseȡ ofȡltsȡ exttemeȡ tactlleȡ sensltlvltyȡ andȡ ltsȡ
powetȡtoȡdlsctlmlnateȡandȡ explote,ȡ toȡ sucbȡ aȡdegteeȡtbatȡsomeȡ tblnketsȡ
makeȡltȡtbeȡptlvllegedȡotganȡofȡtoucb¨ȡ ,lold. , ȡp. ȡii
)
) . Θ
Altbougbȡtblngsȡmanaa/Θandȡhamanɦaa/)Θateȡo n ȡaȡpatȡbete,ȡasȡ tbeyȡsoȡ
oftenȡate,ȡaltbougbȡtblsȡteleologlcalȡexcellenceȡofȡbumanȡtoucblngȡlsȡmostȡ
oftenȡemoodledȡlnȡtbeȡband,ȡaltbougbȡtbeȡ¨band¨ȡlsȡtbeȡvetyȡtblngȡltselfȡ
tbatȡmostȡoftenȡextendsȡoetweenȡbumanȡtoucblngȡandȡdlvlneȡ toucblngȡ
,oetweenȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanȡand,ȡonȡtbeȡotbetȡslde,ȡtbeȡ¨metclfulȡbandȡofȡ
tbeȡlatbet¨ .ȡlogosȡandȡtbeȡSon,ȡtbeȡWotdȡtbatȡ¨ls¨ȡtbeȡSon) ,ȡCbtétlenȡbasȡ
toȡaccountȡfotȡaȡfactȡtbatȡbeȡdeemsȡ¨sutptlslngȡandȡdlsconcettlng¨.ȡtbougbȡ
Atlstotleȡbas,ȡ ¨lnȡ unfotgettaoleȡpages, ¨ȡ¨medltatedȡonȡtbeȡessenceȡofȡtbeȡ
bumanȡband, ¨ȡbeȡseemsȡnotȡtoȡ¨glveȡanyȡpattlculatȡtoleȡtoȡtbeȡband¨ȡlnȡ
tbeȡexcellenceȡofȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucb.ȡ ¨ltȡoeboovesȡ usȡtoȡnote, ¨ȡ Cbtétlenȡ
wtltes,ȡ¨tbatȡAtlstotleȡdoesȡnotȡputȡtbeȡpetfectlonȡofȡtbeȡbumanȡbandȡdl-
tectlyȡandȡexptesslyȡlnȡtelatlonȡwltbȡtbeȡpetfectlonȡofȡbumanȡtoucblng¨ȡ
,loldƍ , ȡpp. ȡii
)
ʃr|) .Θ
, WeȡestaollsbedȡsometblngȡanalogousȡlnȡRavalsson.ȡtbeȡAtlstotellanȡas-
cendantȡ uponȡ blsȡ pbllosopbyȡ petbapsȡ spatedȡ blmȡ tblsȡ connectlonȡ be-
tweenȡtbeȡexcellenceȡofȡbumanȡtoucblngȡandȡtbeȡband'sȡpowet,ȡwblleȡby-
passlngȡ Malneȡdeȡ8ltan'sȡcompetlngȡlnduence,ȡatȡleastȡonȡtblsȡpolnt. ȡ 8utȡ
weȡalsoȡestaollsbedȡtbatȡtblsȡdlscutslveȡ economyȡtemalnedȡsupethclaȊȡandȡ
lnȡnoȡwayȡj eopaȒdlzedȡblsȡ callȡtoȡtbeȡ¨lawȡofȡgtace¨ȡ andȡtbeȡ¨ptevenlentȡ
gtace¨ȡofȡaȡdlvlneȡband. ) `đȡ
Atoundȡtblsȡ¨dlsconcettlng¨ȡsllenceȡonȡtbeȡpattȡofȡAtlstotle,ȡaȡtatbetȡln-
tetestlngȡandȡsuotleȡdlscusslonȡfeedsȡonȡnumetousȡbypotbesesȡbeedfullyȡ
glvlngȡeatȡtoȡGalenȡotȡKant.ȡltȡstattsȡoutȡdutlngȡanȡlnventotyȡofȡtbeȡ/h·ssΘ
waysȡ lnȡwblcbȡtbeȡ senseȡofȡtoucbȡlsȡ ani·s·sa/ąΘ ,lltst,ȡ tbeȡ wayȡofȡtoucblngȡ
lsȡ¨commonȡtoȡa|lȡanlmateȡllvlngȡbelngs¨,ȡsecond,ȡtblsȡwayȡ¨extendsȡneatlyȡ
toȡtbeȡwboleȡoody,ȡ otȡlnȡanyȡcaseȡtoȡallȡdesb¨ȡ~twoȡsufhclentȡteasonsȡfotȡ
Atlstotleȡnotȡtoȡlnslstȡsoȡmucbȡonȡbands,ȡtbltd,ȡtbeȡwayȡofȡtbeȡtoucbedȡotȡ
tbeȡtangloleȡcovetsȡtbeȡwboleȡ heldȡofȡtbeȡsenslole.ȡWeȡ seekȡtbeȡptlnclplesȡ
Iangsn/ΘlΘ z;/Ч
ofȡtbeȡsensloleȡoodyƂȡ tbatȡls,ȡ ofȡtbeȡtanglole,ȡsaysȡAtlstotle. )ȡ ßutȡwbatȡwlllȡ
detalnȡusȡbeteȡlnȡtbeȡhtstȡplaceȡlsȡtbat,ȡasȡlnȡRavalsson'sȡloglc,ȡj ustȡtecalled,ȡ
tblsȡ ,telatlve)ȡ sllenceȡ aooatȡ tbeȡ bandȡ h ndsȡ ltselfȡlnvestedȡwltbȡ anȡ evenȡ
gteatetȡspltltaalȡotȡteleologlcalȡpowetȡatȡtbeȡsetvlceȡofȡanȡendȡtbatȡlsȡplacedȡ
evenȡblgbet~anȡ ovetoldȡ fotȡ tbeȡband.ȡAtlstotleȡkeepsȡ sllentȡaooutȡtbeȡ
tactlleȡ bandȡ ,otȡaboatȡtbeȡdlgltalȡ toucbȡ ¸dsiƗéĢ ) , Θandȡ tblsȡ lsȡ oecauseȡ beȡ
putsȡ ltȡevenȡblgbetĖȡltȡmayȡoeȡtbatȡtbeȡbandȡlsȡanȡ¨otganȡofȡotgans¨ȡ tbatȡ
¨canȡoecomeȡanytblngȡoecaaseȡltȡlsȡnotblng,ȡandȡlnȡtbatȡwayȡlsȡllkeȡtbeȡ
soul¨ȡ ,lold. , ȡp.ȡľľĵ) .`¹ȡWbenȡbeȡtbenȡwondetsȡwbatȡtoȡmakeȡofȡtblsȡsllenceȡ
aooutȡtbeȡfeellngȡofȡhngetsȡ _dsiƗé¦Θ andȡwbetbetȡltȡlsȡnecessatyȡtoȡ¨speakȡ
upȡlnȡAtlstotle'sȡplace, ¨ȡasȡGalenȡdld,ȡ Cbtétlenȡalsoȡ seemsȡteadyȡtoȡ ¨ac-
knowledgeȡ tblsȡ sllenceȡ asȡ beavllyȡ loadedȡ wltbȡ aȡ sttongȡ pbllosopblcalȡ
meanlngȡtbatȡ lnvltesȡ tbougbtsȡofȡaȡsenseȡofȡtoucbȡwltboutȡotgans,ȡ lnȡ aȡ
senseȡstlllȡtoȡoeȡdetetmlned¨ȡ,lold. , ȡp.ȡ ŭr ;) . Θ
, Hete,ȡtblsȡ¨wltboutȡotgans¨ȡopenlyȡsetvesȡaȡtblnklngȡofȡ Cbtlstlanȡd esb.ȡ
ltȡtemlndsȡ usȡofȡaȡ ttadltlonȡfollowlngȡ _Antonln}ȡ Attaud~andȡ compll-
catedȡtelaysȡaftetȡblm-tbatȡweȡsbouldȡnotȡtooȡbastllyȡandȡslmplyȡj udgeȡ
toȡbeȡfotelgnȡtoȡtbeȡCbtlstlanȡbody,ȡnoȡmattetȡbowȡěostlleȡltȡptetendsȡtoȡ
oe.ȡ ßutȡletȡusȡleaveȡtblsȡasldeȡfotȡtbeȡtlmeȡoelng.)ȡ
Tbeȡlntetest,ȡtbeȡ¨sttongȡpbllosopblcalȡmeanlng¨ȡtbatȡCbtétlenȡseemsȡtoȡ
expectȡftomȡtblsȡ¨sllence¨ȡlnȡAtlstotleȡ ,notȡaooutȡtbeȡband'sȡptlvllege,ȡ ofȡ
wblcbȡAtlstotleȡ speaksȡ eloquently,ȡ oatȡ aooutȡ tbeȡ bandȡ asΘ tbeȡ otganȡ ofȡ
toucb) ,ȡ lsȡ tbatȡ tblsȡ appatentȡ avoldanceȡ tblsȡ tlmeȡlnȡfactȡ opensȡ ontoȡ aȡ
tblnklngȡofȡtbeȡunlvetsalltyȡofȡd esb.ȡlotȡlfbumanȡtoucblngȡonlyȡfoandȡltsȡ
teptesentatlonȡlnȡanȡotgan,ȡtbeȡband,ȡotȡlnȡtbeȡ¨h neness¨ȡandȡtactlleȡexcel-
lenceȡofȡtbeȡband,ȡandȡtbeȡ¨feellngȡlnȡtbeȡhngets,¨ȡtbenȡoneȡwouldȡbaveȡtoȡ
glveȡapȡoneȡofȡtbeȡtbteeȡ¨unlvetsalltles¨ȡofȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtoucb,ȡtbeȡoneȡtbatȡ
makesȡ ltȡcoextenslveȡwltbȡ desbȡ lnȡgenetalȡ oyȡextendlngȡltȡtoȡ tbeȡwboleȡ
oody. ``ȡOneȡwouldȡtbusȡmlssȡ/hsΘqass/isnΘs¸Θ ¸ssh,Θ otȡatȡleastȡtemalnȡunac-
qaalntedȡwltbȡltsȡlmmenseȡdlmenslon.ȡAndȡltȡlsȡatȡtblsȡpteclseȡpolnt~onȡ
tbeȡsameȡpage,ȡlȡtblnk-tbatȡCbtétlen'sȡwboleȡptoolematlcȡlaysȡltselfȡout.ȡ
ltomȡaȡblstotlcalȡpolntȡofȡvlew,ȡltȡanswetsȡaȡtatbetȡcomplexȡsttategy,ȡwblcbȡ
someȡmlgbtȡcallȡdevloas.ȡ OnΘ /hsΘ snsΘhandΘ ltȡdealsȡwltbȡ ¨cbanglng, ¨ȡ yetȡ
keeplng,ȡAtlstotle,ȡandȡwltbȡ cbtlstlanlzlng~lȡwon'tȡsayȡconvettlng-andȡ
¨modetnlzlng¨ȡblm,ȡ too,ȡlnȡotdetȡtoȡotlentȡblm,ȡoyȡwayȡofȡAqulnas,ȡÜ weȡ
baveȡseen,ȡtowatdȡaȡ¨modetn¨ȡCbtlstlanȡtblnklngȡofȡdesb,ȡtbeȡMetclfulȡla-
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
tbet,ȡandȡblsȡ Handȡwblcbȡtoucbesȡus,ȡtbatȡls,ȡlncatnatlon,ȡotȡtbeȡWotdȡblsȡ
Son,ȡ andȡsoȡfottb.ȡ 8utȡslmultaneously,ȡ andȡsnΘ/hsΘs/hs·ΘhandΘ ltȡlsȡneces-
satyȡtoȡtelyȡuponȡ/hisΘAtlstotle,ȡandȡAqulnas,ȡandȡtbenȡ|obnȡofȡtbeȡCtoss,ȡ
andȡh tstȡofȡallȡonȡtbeltȡ/·ansi/i·ism,Θ lnȡotdetȡtoȡgoȡagalnstȡotȡbeyondȡan-
otbetȡ¨modetn¨ȡtblnklngȡofȡdesbȡtbatȡlsȡpbenomenologlcalȡlnȡklnd.ȡTbeȡ
lattetȡtblnklngȡlsȡ deemedȡtooȡ tedexlve,ȡ natclsslstlc,ȡ self-centeted,ȡ otȡtooȡ
centetedȡonȡltsȡh nlteness,ȡbenceȡtbeȡquestlonȡtbatȡCbtétlenȡasksȡblmselfȡaf-
tetȡwondetlngȡaboutȡAtlstotle'sȡ¨sllence¨ .ȡ ¨Doesȡtoucblng,ȡwblcbȡconstl-
tutesȡanlmalȡllfe,ȡdellvetȡupȡdesb,ȡleavlngȡltȡonȡltsȡownȡtoȡfeelȡltself`ȡDoesȡ
anyȡcontlnultyȡexlstȡbetweenȡtbeȡAtlstotellanȡconceptȡofȡdesbȡandȡltsȡcon-
tempotatyȡconcept,ȡwblcbȡlnslstsȡonȡltsȡquasl-tedexlvlty-otȡonȡtbeȡcon-
ttaty,ȡsbouldȡoneȡsepatateȡtbemȡtadlcally`ȡToucblngȡlsȡtbeȡp|aceȡofȡtblsȡde-
clslveȡquestlon¨ȡ,lbld. , ȡp. ȡĠĠ;) .Ч
Tbeȡtblnklngȡofȡdesbȡwantsȡaȡband,ȡandȡhtstȡofȡallȡGod'sȡband,ȡbutȡoneȡ
a|soȡbasȡtoȡknowȡbowȡtoȡdoȡwltboutȡtbeȡbandȡofȡman,ȡotȡalmȡbeyondȡltȡ
lnȡanyȡcaseĮȡTbenȡoneȡbasȡtoȡcomeȡbackȡftomȡltȡa|l-andȡtblsȡlsȡlncatna-
tlon,ȡ tblsȡlsȡd esb-lnȡotdetȡtoȡtecelveȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanȡftomȡ God.ȡ Tbeȡ
questlonȡtbenȡcomesȡback,ȡbutȡpetbapsȡlacksȡtbeȡtlmeȡtoȡdwellȡasȡaȡques-
tlonȡlnȡtblsȡdwelllng,ȡandȡltȡcomesȡtoȡaskȡltself,ȡ andȡcomesȡdownȡtoȡask-
lngȡoneselfȡwbetbetȡtbeȡquestlonȡlsȡptopetlyȡfotmulated,ȡtbatȡls,ȡ fotmedȡ
lnȡaȡhttlngȡmanns·.Θwbatȡlsȡaȡband`ȡWbatȡateȡbands`ȡWbatȡglvesȡtbeȡbandȡ
ltsȡ belngȡaȡband`ȡMoteȡpteclsely.ȡ ahsΘglvesȡtbeȡbandȡltsȡ belngȡaȡband`ȡ
Wboȡoffetsȡaȡband`ȡ
). lundamentally,ȡtblsȡquestlonȡbasȡfollowedȡusȡtelentlesslyȡslnceȡtbeȡbe-
glnnlng.ȡCbtétlenȡdoesȡnotȡputȡlt,ȡotȡatȡ|eastȡa·/ica//sΘi/ŠΘ asΘsach,Θbutȡtblsȡ
sllenceȡlsȡnotȡnecessatl|yȡunjustlhĂ ed.ȡToȡwboevetȡmlgbtȡbeȡtemptedȡtoȡsayȡ
toȡ blm.ȡ ¨llnally,ȡ tbeȡonlyȡbandȡtbatȡweȡknow,ȡsee,ȡandȡtoucb,ȡandȡaboutȡ
wblcbȡweȡcanȡcomeȡtoȡanȡundetstandlngȡbyȡpoo|lngȡoutȡfundȡofȡcommonȡ
sense-lltetal|y,ȡwltboutȡanyȡmetapbot-lsȡtbeȡbandȡofȡman,ȡmanĩsȡsensl-
ble,ȡh nlteȡband,ȡandȡasȡfotȡyou,ȡyouȡateȡuslngȡaȡsa/s/i/a/i·sΘ¸ga·sΘwbenȡ
youȡspeakȡofȡtbeȡbandȡofȡGod'ȡ andȡwbenȡyouȡteadllyȡacceptȡtbatȡaȡdls-
coutseȡaboutȡ ,lntultlve,ȡ absolute,ȡ lmmedlate,ȡ full, ȡwltboutȡmedlum'ȡ otȡ
dlstance')ȡtoucblngȡlsȡtuledȡaccotdlngȡtoȡGod'sȡbandȡandȡnotȡman's,ȡandȡ
soȡfottb, ¨ȡCbtétlenȡmlgbtȡtespondȡlnȡtwoȡmannetsȡatȡleast,ȡfollowlngȡtwoȡ
typlca|ȡatguments.ȡ lltst,ȡbeȡ couldȡtefetȡ ,exptessly,ȡ lnȡ aȡwayȡtbatȡbeȡ doesȡ
not)ȡtoȡtbeȡAtlstotellanȡdlscoutseȡ,aboutȡtbeȡptopet,ȡ tbeȡactual,ȡandȡpo-
tency,ȡbutȡespeclallyȡaboutȡanalogy)ȡtbatȡgtaduallyȡmakesȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanȡ
Ingsn/ΘlΘ z· )Θ
apptoxlmate-andȡbeȡvlttuallyȡana/sgsasΘwltb-tbeȡbandȡptopetlyȡspeakģ
lng,ȡGod'sȡband,ȡaȡbandȡtbatȡlsȡttulyȡtoucblngȡandȡtoucbed,ȡ tblsȡtlme,ȡasȡ
wellȡasȡknowlng,ȡactuallyȡall-powetful,ȡasȡwellȡasȡlntelllgentȡandȡlntelllglbleȡ
-tbeȡbandȡweȡtemembetȡlnȡtbeȡabsoluteȡtoucblngȡofȡputeȡactuallty,ȡ put-
tlngȡnsasΘlnȡlmmedlateȡcontactȡ,wltboutȡ¨medlumȡotȡdlstance¨)ȡ wltbȡtbeȡ
nsë/sn.ůĽΘAndȡtbeȡ/sgssΘofȡtblsȡanalogyȡcouldȡalsoȡbave,ȡasȡltȡoftenȡdoes,ȡtbeȡ
meanlngȡofȡ¸·s¸s·/isna/Θ·s/a/isn.Θ Second,ȡ Cbtétlenȡ couldȡ alsoȡtefetȡ ,exģ
ptessly,ȡ lnȡ aȡwayȡtbatȡbeȡ doesȡ not)ȡ toȡ tbeȡ lmmenseȡ exegetlcalȡ ttadltlonȡ
deallngȡwltbȡ hgutes,ȡ soȡ asȡ toȡ tutnȡ commonȡ senseȡatoundȡ andȡ bandllyȡ
demonsttateȡtbatȡtbeteȡlsȡaȡttopeȡtbeteȡbecauseȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanȡls,ȡfotȡltsȡ
patt,ȡ notblngȡbutȡaȡhő guteȡofȡGod'sȡband,ȡandȡtbeȡlattet'sȡptopetȡsenseȡlsȡ
glven,ȡfotglvlng,ȡandȡglvlngȡlnȡlncatnatlon,ȡTtansubstan:latlon,ȡlasslon,ȡ
andȡespeclally,ȡpetbaps,ȡlnȡCtuclhxlon.ȡ
8utȡCbtétlenȡbasȡnoȡneedȡtoȡunŋtlȡtbeseȡatgumentsȡwltbȡtbeltȡdetouts,ȡ
wblcbȡwouldȡbeȡlongȡandȡlabotlous,ȡ becauseīlȡtblnk-tbeyȡateȡfoldedȡ
andȡlnvolvedȡlnȡanȡappatentlyȡmoteȡeconomlcalȡfotm.ȡtbeteȡlsȡnoȡ¨bandȡinΘ
gsns·aȓ¨Θbefoteȡman'sȡotȡGod'sȡband.ȡTbeȡquestlonȡftomȡwblcbȡweȡseemedȡ
toȡstattȡ , Wbatȡateȡbands·ȡWbatȡlsȡ aȡband·ȡWbatȡdoesȡ ¨band¨ȡ meanȡ toȡ
say·)ȡ couldȡbeȡbadlyȡfotmulated,ȡ notȡonly-asȡweȡcouldȡputȡfotwatdȡeacbȡ
tlmeȡweȡspeakȡofȡmetonymlesȡandȡsubstltutlons-bǗcauseȡbands,ȡhngets,ȡ
andȡsexesȡbaveȡdeputlesȡandȡteplacementsȡlnȡsoȡmanyȡhgutes,ȡbutȡbecauseȡ
-asȡCbtétlenȡwouldȡtatbetȡputȡlt-outȡpteundetstandlngȡofȡtblsȡwotd,ȡ
tbeȡband,ȡ lnvolvesȡ atȡleastȡtbeȡ/·ansi/i·sΘabllltyȡtoȡ toucbȡandȡknow,ȡandȡ
tbetefoteȡtoȡptesent,ȡmakeȡptesent,ȡglve,ȡandȡglveȡanȡactualȡlntultlonȡofȡtbeȡ
ptesentȡ ,alwaysȡofȡsometblngȡelseȡotȡotbetȡtoȡsomeoneȡelseȡotȡotbet,ȡevenȡ
lfȡtblsȡptesentatlonȡalsoȡptesentsȡltselfȡtoȡltselŅȡ andȡsoȡfottb) .ȡOfȡtbeȡsetlesȡ
ofȡquestlonsȡlȡptoposedȡandȡllstedȡeatllet,ȡonlyȡtbeȡquestlonȡ¨wbo·¨ȡ, vhsΘ
glvesȡblsȡotȡbetȡband·ȡIΘahsm·)Θwouldȡbeȡlegltlmateȡandȡmeanlngful, ȡtbatȡ
ls,ȡpettlnent,ȡlnȡtbeȡlastȡanalysls. ȡlotȡltȡlsȡsolelyȡlnȡspltltualȡtoucblngȡasȡdlģ
vlneȡtoucblngȡtbatȡallȡtbeseȡptedlcatesȡhndȡtbemselvesȡactuallyȡgatbeted,ȡlnȡ
anȡlnhnlte,ȡandȡtbusȡfullȡandȡlmmedlateȡfotm,ȡwltboutȡspaclngȡ ,wltboutȡ
¨medlumȡotȡdlstance¨) .ȡ
IasΘ /·ans/a/isns,Θ tben,ȡ ateȡ sufhclentlyȡsatls¦lng.ȡ Tblsȡ doesȡ notȡ meanȡ
self-satlshed,ȡfaclleȡsufhclency,ȡ notȡaȡmannetȡofȡmanlpulatlon,ȡbutȡtatbetȡ
tbeȡ blgbest,ȡ mostȡelevatedȡexlgency-tbeȡmostȡ tespectableȡ one,ȡ lȡ wouldȡ
say,ȡ andȡmatkȡtbat,ȡbefoteȡlt,ȡtbeȡsameȡtespectȡalsoȡdemandsȡsomeȡvlgllance.ȡ
A.ȡ Fi·s/Θ /·ans/a/isn.Θ ltȡ lsȡ sufhclentȡ atȡ htstȡ toȡ ttanslateȡ Atlstotleȡ lntoȡ
Aqulnas.ȡ8etweenȡoutȡ:woȡeatlletȡquo:atlons,ȡCbtétlenȡensutedȡtbeȡmedl-
zéoΘ Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ¨F/ssh"Θ
atlon,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsayȡtbeȡmedlatlonȡbetweenȡtbeȡmedlateȡandȡtbeȡlmmedl-
ate-wbatȡanȡlncatnatlonȡalwaysȡls.ȡ¨Wblleȡtblsȡspltltualȡtoucbȡnoȡlongetȡ
ptesentsȡanyȡmedlumȡotȡdlstanceĺȡwblle,ȡ asȡputeȡact,ȡ ltȡlsȡnoȡlongetȡofȡtbeȡ
otdetȡofȡaRectlon,ȡwblleȡunllkeȡcatnalȡtoucblng,ȡwblcbȡlsȡalwaysȡmedlate,ȡ
ltȡlsȡtotallyȡlmmedlate,ȡltȡlsȡnevettbelessȡunfalllnglyȡttansltlve.ȡßyȡactuallyȡ
toucblngȡtbeȡlntelllglbleȡtbatȡltȡlsȡltselǛſȡspltltȡetetnallyȡaccedesȡtoȡltselfȡandȡ
ttansltsȡ ftomȡltselfȡtoȡltselĚȡ ltȡbecomesȡwbatȡltȡtoucbesȡandȡasȡ ltȡtoucbes¨ȡ
,lbld. , ȡp. ȡę;ę) .Θ
ß.ȡ SscsndΘ/·ans/a/isn.ΘltȡlsȡtbenȡsufhclentȡtoȡttanslateȡAqulnasȡ lntoȡ|obnȡ
ofȡtbeȡCtoss·ȡ¨ Tblsȡtoucbȡ¸dlvlneȡtoucb,ȡ/sqasΘdsΘ/aΘDi·inidad¦
ƷΘ
lsȡaȡsub-
stantlalȡtoucb,ȡ tbatȡls,ȡ ofȡtbeȡsubstanceȡofȡGodȡlnȡtbeȡsubstanceȡofȡtbeȡ
soul. ' ȡltȡtakesȡp|aceȡwltboutȡanyȡlntellectualȡotȡlmaglnatlveȡsbapeȡotȡhg-
ute. ' ȡTbeȡmetclfulȡ bandȡofȡtbeȡlatbet,'ȡwltbȡwblcbȡbeȡtbusȡtoucbesȡus,ȡlsȡ
tbeȡSon.ȡTbetefoteȡltȡlsȡtbeȡWotdȡtbatȡlsȡtbeȡtoucbȡtbatȡtoucbesȡtbeȡsoul'ȡ
,s/Θ/sqasΘqasΘ/scaΘa/Θa/ma)Θ . . . ȡ Tbeȡdesbȡllstens¨ȡ,lbld. ,ȡp.ȡę ;)
) . Θ
¨Wltboutȡanyȡsbapeȡot ȡhgute, ¨ȡtben. ȡTbeȡhgutatlonȡofȡtbeȡhguteȡvan-
lsbes,ȡasȡdoesȡtbeȡlmageȡftomȡtbeȡlmaglnaty.ȡ God'sȡbandȡlsȡnoȡlongetȡaȡhg-
utatlon.ȡOneȡbandsȡtbeȡbandȡofȡmanȡlnȡpasslng,ȡoneȡcomesȡtoȡpassȡtbtougbȡ
lt-tbeȡacceptlngȡandȡllstenlngȡband-butȡoneȡlmmedlatelyȡpassesȡltȡandȡ
doesȡwltboutȡlt.ȡlnȡtbeȡvetyȡpassageȡltselĚȡTbeȡbandȡofȡGodȡlsȡtbeȡbandȡlnȡ
tbeȡptopetȡsense,ȡ beyondȡanyȡlcon,ȡ ldol,ȡ otȡbumanȡttopologlcs.ȡMoteovet,ȡ
bumanȡtoucblng,ȡlnȡltsȡvetyȡhnlteness,ȡlnȡltsȡmedlacy,ȡ couldȡalteadyȡaccedeȡ
toȡtbls-toȡtblsȡ¨ptesenceȡwltboutȡlmage. ¨ȡlet'sȡteadȡltȡagaln.ȡ¨ßutȡtoucb,ȡ
lnȡandȡofȡltsȡownȡhnlteness,ȡlsȡpteclselyȡalteadyȡopenȡtoȡaȡptesenceȡwltboutȡ
lmageȡandȡwltboutȡteptesentatlon,ȡasȡwellȡasȡtoȡanȡlntlmateȡptoxlmltyȡtbatȡ
nevetȡbecomesȡpossesslon,ȡandȡtoȡanȡexposuteȡnakedȡtoȡtbeȡungtaspable.ȡ
Ofȡwbatȡlȡtoucbȡandȡwbatȡtoucbesȡme,ȡtbeȡexcessȡovetȡmeȡlsȡendlessly at-
testedȡlnȡtbeȡcatess¨ȡ,lbld. , ȡp. ȡę;z) .Θ
Tbeȡsttoklngȡbandȡtbatȡcatessesȡnoȡlongetȡlsȡaȡptebenslleȡband,ȡtben,ȡotȡ
aȡknowlngȡone,ȡbutȡ tatbetȡaȡbandȡtbatȡlsȡexposed,ȡ glvlng,ȡ andȡacceptlng,ȡ
ltȡlsȡtbeȡbandȡofȡsalvatlon,ȡtbeȡGod-watdȡgoodbyeȡband.`ēȡ
Howȡcanȡoneȡgoȡaboutȡtbeȡpassageȡftomȡtbeȡunhgutable,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡ
tbeȡbandȡofȡGodȡlnȡ ltsȡptopetȡsense,ȡ toȡ tbeȡhguteȡ ofȡltsȡhgutatlveȡsense,ȡ
wblcbȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡ tbeȡbandȡofȡman`ȡHowȡaboutȡtbeȡpassageȡftomȡspltltualȡ
toucblng,ȡ wblcbȡ lsȡ lnh nlteȡ andȡ lmmedlate,ȡ wltboutȡ ¨medlum¨ȡ otȡ ¨dls-
tance, ¨ȡfotmȡotȡhgute,ȡtoȡ¨catnalȡtoucblng,ȡwblcbȡlsȡalwaysȡmediate¨`ȡHowȡ
aboutȡtbeȡpassageȡftomȡtbeȡlmmedlateȡtoȡtbeȡmedlate,ȡandȡtbusȡtoȡd esb`ȡ
Iangsn/ΘlΘ
Toȡ allȡtbeseȡquestlons,ȡwblcbȡcomeȡdownȡtoȡtbeȡsameȡtblngȡandȡwblcbȡateȡ
allȡquestlonsȡofȡ ¸assags,Θ andȡtbetefoteȡofȡttansltlonȡandȡttansltlvlty,ȡ andȡhg-
uta|ȡttansfet,ȡtbeteȡlsȡbutȡoneȡanswet,ȡltȡseemsȡtoȡmeĸȡpassage,ȡlǸkeȡlasslon,ȡ
lncatnatlon,ȡTtansubstantlatlon,ȡ ¨Hocȡestȡ enlmȡ cotpusȡ meum, ¨ȡandȡsoȡ
fottb,ȡ andȡtbeȡmedlatlonȡbetweenȡtbeȡlnhnlteȡ lmmedlateȡandȡtbeȡhnlteȡ
medlate,ȡj ustȡasȡ betweenȡ lnhnlteȡ andȡslngulatȡ hnlteȡ lnȡgenetal,ȡ betweenȡ
GodȡandȡMan.ȡ ltȡlsȡlogosȡfasblonedȡlntoȡdȅesb,ȡtbeȡSon,ȡ tbeȡHandȡofȡtbeȡ
MetclŌ|ȡlatbet.ȡ
Altbougbȡtblsȡ lsȡdoubtlessȡalsoȡvetlhable,ȡlȡwon'tȡtepeatȡbete-toȡcon-
cludeȡfotȡtbeȡtlmeȡbelng,ȡÜ lnȡtbeȡptecedlngȡcbaptets-tbatȡtblsȡantbtopo-
tbeo/sgica/Θtblnklngȡofȡdesbȡdoesȡnotȡleaveȡanyȡspateȡtoomȡfotȡaȡquestlon-
lngȡofȡtecbnlcsȡ ,ecotecbnlcsȡ otȡtbeȡ/schnëΘs¸Θ/sdiss,Θ toȡ putȡltȡlnȡNancy'sȡ
tetms) ,ȡ notȡofȡtbeȡanlmal,ȡotȡtatbetȡanlmals,ȡnotȡ ofȡtbeȡbomlnlzatlonȡpto-
cessȡtbatȡptoducesȡwbatȡlsȡtetmedȡtbeȡbandȡlnȡ¨evetyday¨ȡlanguage,ȡnotȡofȡ
tbeȡposslbllltyȡofȡptostbetlcsȡontoȡwblcbȡspaclngȡlnȡgenetalȡopens,ȡandȡsoȡ
fottb.ȡ ,Ttansplantatlonȡofȡtbeȡbeatt,ȡandȡevenȡtbeȡSactedȡHeatt,ȡlsȡtbeȡlo-
cusȡbeteȡofȡaȡnotableȡexamp|e,ȡbutȡlȡsballȡdoȡnoȡmoteȡtbanȡmentlonȡlt.)ȡlȡ
won'tȡputȡ ltȡtbatȡway,ȡ altbougbȡlȡ belleveȡ ltȡlsȡj ustȡso.ȡ lndeed,ȡltȡdoesȡseemȡ
asȡ lfȡevetytblngȡlnȡNancy'sȡ tblnklngȡ aboutȡexsctlptlonȡ andȡ tbeȡsyncopeȡ
Ŗeadsȡbackȡtowatdȡtblsȡspaclngȡ,ltteduclb|eȡevenȡlnȡtempotallzatlonȡltself) , ȡ
wblcbȡCbtĀtlenȡwouldȡteduceȡtoȡ tblsȡpbenomenonȡofȡhnltude,ȡandȡhnlteȡ
desbȡ tbatȡ toucblngȡasslgnsȡ toȡ tbeȡlntetval,ȡ toȡ medlatlzlngȡlntetposltlon,ȡ
andȡtoȡtbeȡ¨medlum¨ȡandȡ¨dlstance¨ȡtbatȡspltltualȡtoucblngȡ,wblcbȡlsȡlnh -
nlte,ȡlmmedlate,ȡetc.)ȡwl|lȡbaveȡhtstȡofȡallȡs/s·a/sdΘandȡa¸/ƚsdΘandȡ·sĭs·sDzΘ
lndeed,ȡCbtĀtlenȡmakesȡtoomȡfotȡspaclng,ȡ asȡwellȡasȡ fotȡevetytblngȡtbatȡ
dependsȡonȡlt,ȡbutȡltȡlsȡaȡhnlteȡplace,ȡwblcbȡcanȡbeȡtelleved,ȡ lnȡtbeȡeleva-
tlonȡofȡlogosȡandȡlncatnatlon.ȡHeȡalsoȡmakesȡtoomȡfotȡsubstltutlon,ȡtbatȡ
ls,ȡtbeȡhgutatlonȡofȡtbeȡunhgutable,ȡtbeȡbandȡofȡman,ȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡman,ȡandȡ
soȡfottb.ȡAndȡoneȡ couldȡ tblnkȡofȡsa/s/i/a/isnΘasȡdoesȡlevlnasȡ ,tbougbȡbeȡ
doesȡnotȡ useȡtblsȡ tetmȡlnȡtbeȡsameȡway) ,ȡotȡlnȡaȡmoteȡlltetal|yȡCbtlstlanȡ
way,ȡasȡdoesȡtbeȡttadltlonȡtbatȡleadsȡtoȡ _ louls]ȡ Masslgnon.ȡTbeȡlasslonȡofȡ
tbeȡSon,ȡlncatnatlon,ȡlogos,ȡTtansubstantlatlon,ȡlasslonȡateȡsubstltutlonsȡ
calllngȡfotȡSubstltutlonȡotȡlmltatlon,ȡandȡlnȡaȡcettalnȡmannet,ȡbete,ȡtoo,ȡ
tbeteȡlsȡaȡhsminiȲ/isnΘptocess,ȡbutȡltȡlsȡhnallyȡandȡalwaysȡalteadyȡtbeȡbom-
lnlzatlonȡofȡGod,ȡtbeȡglhȡofȡaȡGodȡwboȡmakesȡblmselfȡlntoȡMan,ȡtbtougbȡ
tbeȡmedlatlonȡofȡtbeȡSonȡotȡtbeȡWotd,ȡandȡtbeȡHandȡofȡtbeȡMetclfulȡla-
tbet.ȡTblsȡbomlnlzatlonȡlsȡaȡbumanlzatlonȡa¸s·Θ/hsΘ ȁshisnΘofȡGod,ȡaccotd-
lngȡtoȡtbeȡlaceȡandȡtbeȡHandȡofȡGod,ȡltȡgoesȡtbtougbȡtblsȡvetyȡCbtlstlanȡ
Exsm¸/a·¸ΘS/s·issΘs¸Θ/hsΘ ɐɑŶ/ssh''Θ
¨deatbȡofȡGodĦȡofȡwblcbȡweȡspokeȡeatllet.ȡAndȡsoȡfottb.ȡßutȡCbtĀtlenȡwlllȡ
nevetȡ ttanslateȡ tblsȡ substltutlonȡ lntoȡ anyȡ ptostbetlcs,ȡ ttansplantlng,ȡ otȡ
/sǐǬnǕ-andȡespeclallyȡnotȡlntoȡaȡbeattȡttansplantatlon.ȡAndȡtbougbȡtbeteȡ
mayȡbeȡsomeȡspaclngȡlnȡlt,ȡlncatnatlonȡwlllȡnevetȡbeȡtbeȡpbenomenonȡofȡ
anȡ ltteduclbleȡ h nltude,ȡ ltȡ wouldȡ nevetȡ lendȡ ltselfȡtoȡ tbougbtȡ lnȡwbatȡ
Nancyȡtetmsȡ¨aȡhnlteȡtblnklng¨ȡfotȡ¨tbeȡsenseȡofȡtbeȡwotld. ¨ȡ
Twoȡwaysȡofȡtblnklngȡsubstltutlon,ȡtbetefote,ȡbutȡtwoȡtangentlalȡwaysȡ
-tbougbȡnoȡ doubtȡlncompatlble.ȡ ltȡ lsȡ aȡtatbetȡttoubllng,ȡ evenȡ dlzzylng,ȡ
duallty,ȡ andȡmayȡleadȡtoȡtbeȡtemptatlon-Temptatlonȡltself-toȡsubstl-
tuteȡoneȡfotȡtbeȡotbetƉȡ
lȡ canȡlmaglne,ȡ deslte,ȡ andȡdteadȡasȡwell,ȡasȡaȡ¨mottalȡsln, ¨ȡtbeȡleastȡve-
nlal,ȡpetbapsȡtbeȡmostȡsetlousȡandȡleastȡexplableȡTemptatlonȡ,becauseȡltȡlsȡ
tbeȡllgbtest) ,ȡtbatȡls,ȡattemptlng,ȡandȡlettlngȡoneselfȡbeȡtempted,ȡtoȡtblnkȡ
substltutlonȡwltboutȡsactlhce.ȡ
Wbatȡtbeteȡwouldȡtemalnȡtoȡtblnkȡlsȡtbeȡplace,ȡtbeȡplaclngȡofȡtblsȡte-
placlng,ȡotȡtbeȡneuttalȡspaclngȡ,ch͝İČ,Θlȡmlgbtȡsay) ,ȡtbatȡwouldȡstlllȡextendȡ
ltsȡbospltalltyȡtoȡtblsȡvlttualȡsubstltutlonȡofȡsubstltutlon,ȡunlessȡltȡsbouldȡ
detalnȡltȡfotevetȡasȡaȡbostage.ȡ
P / Rĕ ¹ |ĕ |ĕ |ĕ
Functuattons· /nd ,ou.
§ I2 ¨ÅO scÌI-tOuch yOu
7uching-!cngucgc cnd thc Hccct
Aȡguldlngȡtbteadȡlsȡtwlstlngȡalong.ȡ ltȡlsȡmoteȡotȡlessȡvlslbleȡlnȡtbeȡcoutseȡ
ofȡtblsȡlastȡpattȡofȡmyȡttajectoty.ȡltȡ|sȡcontalnedȡlnȡtbteeȡlettets,ȡsometlmesȡ
lessȡtbanȡaȡwotd,ȡandȡlsȡguldlngȡmeȡcontlnually.ȡ ltȡwlllȡgoȡtbtougbȡevety-
tblngȡllkeȡ tbeȡ tenuousȡ tbteadȡ ofȡaȡ polnt,ȡ aȡ stltcbedȡpolnt,ȡ tbeȡ dotȡ ofȡaȡ
punctuatlon,ȡtbeȡpunctuatlonȡofȡ¨you, ¨ȡaftetȡ¨you. ¨ȡ
Anotbetȡwayȡofȡasklngȡoneself.ȡ bowȡaboutȡtbeȡ passageȡftomȡ¨toucblngȡ
him¨Θtoȡ¨toucblngȡ¸sa¨ʱ ΘYouƭ Lj ȡ
Asȡfotȡbet,ȡsbeȡtemalns-evetȡextendedȡlnȡbetȡdeepȡsleepƊȡ
llesbȡandȡbodyȡallȡatȡonce,ȡaȡcotpseȡ¨lnȡbetȡcofhn¨ȡalteady,ȡ lsycbeȡwlllȡ
baveȡbadȡenougbȡ tlme-letȡmeȡ notȡsayȡpatlenceītoȡwaltȡfotȡ usȡ alongȡ
tbeseȡdetoutsȡandȡ¨tangents. ¨ȡSbeȡbasȡallȡtbeȡtlmeȡlnȡtbeȡwotld,ȡtblsȡtlmeȡ
sbeȡwlllȡbaveȡbadȡlt,ȡandȡsbeȡkeepsȡlt-befoteȡbetȡandȡbeblndȡbet.ȡ
letȡusȡtemembetȡtbatȡbetȡtesemblanceȡtoȡmoteȡ:banȡoneȡMaty-twoȡatȡ
least-dustetedȡus,ȡandȡtbeȡquestlonȡofȡtoucbȡtbatȡsbeȡputȡtoȡus,ȡseduclngȡ
usȡalteady,ȡ ftomȡtbeȡdesbȡofȡbetȡbodyȡotȡtbeȡbodyȡofȡbetȡdȆesb,ȡftomȡbetȡ
deadlyȡsleep,ȡwasȡalwaysȡotȡneatlyȡalwaysȡtbeȡsameȡquestlon.ȡamȡlȡCbtlstlan`ȡ
-Wbatȡaboutȡyou`ȡltomȡwbeteȡdoesȡtblsȡbodyȡcomeȡtoȡus`ȡ
Tbeȡanswetȡlsȡpendlng,ȡandȡdeslteȡsuspended.ȡ
Wbyȡwouldȡtbeȡquestlonȡofȡtoucbȡstlllȡbeȡwltboștȡanȡanswet-unbeatdȡ
of,ȡ petbaps`ȡUnbeatdȡof-llkeȡtblsȡ otbetȡ ¨posslbŐllty¨ȡ ¸·ssssa·cs} ,Θ ¨atȡtbeȡ
beattȡofȡCbtlstlanltyȡaȡtootȡ ¸¸·s·snancs¦Θ moteȡotŐglnalȡ tbanȡCbtlstlanltyȡ
ltself¨``ȡ
l
· |
Panc/aa/isnsĝΘ ɀĉndΘ¸saŦΘ"Θ
Tbeȡquestionȡisȡoneȡandȡmultiple,ȡttaditionalȡyetȡstillȡvitginal,ȡasȡifȡun-
toucbed,ȡlnȡspiteȡofȡtbeȡplowlngȡofȡpbllosopbetsȡandȡtbeologlans.ȡlЧknew,ȡ
lȡ tbougbtȡlȡ badȡknownȡfotȡaȡlongȡtime,ȡtbatȡifȡtbeteȡisȡaȡwotkȡofȡtbink-
ingȡ todayȡ tbatȡ measutesȡ upȡtoȡtbls,ȡ toȡ tblsȡ questlon,ȡ andȡ actuallyȡmea-
sutesȡltselfȡagalnstȡitȡasȡtbeȡincommensutable,ȡlnȡactsȡof languageȡandȡte-
dection, ȡtbenȡ itȡisȡNancy'sȡ wotk,ȡ evenȡ wbenȡ itȡ doesn'tȡ acknowledgeȡallȡ
tbeȡtefetencesȡtbatȡļЧ baveȡj ustȡevoked,ȡbeglnningȡwitbȡAtistotleȡ andȡtbeȡ
Gospels. ¹ȡlЧtbougbtȡlȡbadȡknownȡtbisȡfotȡaȡlongȡtime.ȡToȡ beȡsute,ȡaȡseatcbȡ
,wbicbȡ mayȡ baveȡ beenȡ tooȡ basty)ȡ tbtougbȡ aȡ numbetȡofȡNancy'sȡ eatlyȡ
wotks-tougblyȡuntilȡ tbeȡmiddleȡ ofȡtbeȡt,Ĕcs, ȡandȡsttangelyȡincluding,ȡ
tbetefote,ȡIhsΘEx¸s·isncsΘs¸ΘF·ssdsm-baƈΘsbownȡusȡtbatȡneitbetȡtbeȡ/hsmsΘ
notȡtbeȡ¸ga·sΘofȡtoucbȡlaysȡ slegeȡ toȡ blsȡ discoutse,ȡ lnvestsȡ inȡlt,ȡ otȡaboveȡ
allȡinvadesȡit,ȡasȡwillȡbeȡtbeȡcase-weȡcanȡestabllsbȡitȡtoday-inȡallȡblsȡte-
centȡpubllcatlons.ȡ
letȡmeȡinsistȡtbatȡ tbisȡlsȡanȡissueȡofȡtbeȡ/hsmsΘandȡtbeȡ¸ga·s-anƈΘtbisȡ
lsȡ moteȡtbanȡj ustȡoneȡdifhcultyȡamongȡotbets.ȡ ßecauseȡifȡtbeteȡ lsȡ¨tbe¨ȡ
senseȡofȡtoucb,ȡwbicbȡisȡtoȡsayȡtbisȡmotifȡofȡwbicbȡNancyȡspeaksȡandȡtbatȡ
beȡ nowȡtbematizesȡincteaslngly,ȡ wblleȡsaylngȡ¨tbeteȡisȡ noȡ tbe'ȡ senseȡofȡ
toucb, ¨ȡtbeteȡaĄeȡalso-befoteȡ otȡbeyondȡ tbisȡ s/¸sc/Θofȡtbougbtȡotȡdis-
coutse,ȡ beyondȡwbatȡ isȡ calledȡ/sachΘ¸ġsΘ/sachs·} ,Θ wbicbȡbeȡisȡbencefottbȡ
dealingȡwitb-allȡtbeseȡhgutalȡandȡappatentlyȡnonȡ tbematicȡopetatotsȡwltbȡ
wblcbȡbeȡisȡcontinuallyȡplayingȡ,asȡlЧamȡdoingȡbete),ȡtbtougbȡwbicbȡandȡ
tbanksȡtoȡwbicbȡNancyȡbasȡlongȡsinceȡputȡtoucbingȡintoȡwotds,ȡandȡsaidΘ
itȡ andȡtoucbedȡlt.ȡ
ßutȡ inslstingȡisȡ notȡnotbing.ȡ ļvenȡ lfȡltȡdldȡ notbingȡbutȡbtingȡtoȡ tbeȡ
ligbtȡofȡdayȡwbatȡwasȡsleepingȡlnȡtbeȡsbadow,ȡevenȡifȡltȡexblbitedȡ/i/s·a/µ,Θ
andȡasΘsachΘ,tbusȡpainfullyȡbatingȡitsȡbody)ȡ wbatȡbadȡuntilȡtbenȡbeenȡaȡ
used-upȡmetapbot,ȡ aȡfamillatȡttopeȡweȡ useȡwitboutȡpayingȡmucbȡ atten-
tionȡtoȡlt-well,ȡtbisȡlntenslhcatlonȡofȡinsistenceȡisȡnoȡlongetȡaȡsimpleȡtbe-
toticalȡ movement.ȡ ltȡcomesȡ downȡtoȡtbinklngȡandȡtoȡtbeȡtbinkingȡbodyȡ
ofȡtbougbt.ȡ
Twoȡexamples.ȡlЧamȡcboosingȡtbemȡalmostȡtandomlyȡinȡmyȡlndex,ȡfot,ȡ
onȡ tbeȡscoteȡofȡ¨Toucbing,¨ȡinȡNancy'sȡcotpus,ȡlȡ baveȡptepatedȡfotȡmyselfȡ
anȡ indexȡatȡtbeȡendȡofȡeacbȡbook.ȡAnȡ indexȡ isȡaȡ cettalnȡ otdet-aȡ taxo-
nomlcȡ andȡ delcticȡ otdet,ȡ andȡ alsoȡ aȡwayȡofȡobeyingȡ otdets,ȡ undetȡ tbeȡ
tbumbȡ ofȡtbeȡhngetȡandȡtbeȡeye.ȡ ltomȡtbisȡindexȡlȡwouldȡlikeȡtoȡtackleȡaȡ
smallȡnumbetȡofȡenttles.ȡWbyȡwouldȡsucbȡanȡlndexȡnotȡbeȡexbaustiveȡevenȡ
aftetȡoneȡbasȡteteadȡtbeȡwboleȡ wotk,ȡ moteȡ tbanȡonce,ȡftomȡbeglnningȡtoȡ
¨IΘssþ/sachΘ¸sa"Θ
end`ȡTblsȡmayȡbeȡwbatȡlȡ bopeȡtoȡbeglnȡtoȡdemonsttateȡtbanksȡtoȡtbeseȡ
/asΘsxam¸/ss.Θ
I . Tbeȡ¸·s/Θsxam¸/sΘtoucbesȡuponȡaȡ¸Ƙ·a/Θmannetȡofȡmaklngȡuseȡofȡtbeȡ
tactlleȡscbema. ȡltȡlsȡanȡexampleȡofȡ¨toacb¨ȡlnȡNancy'sȡlanguage,ȡotȡmoteȡ
pteclsely,ȡ anȡexampleȡofȡtbeȡmannetȡlnȡwblcbȡNancyȡtoacbesȡonȡotȡtam-
petsȡwltbȡlangaageȡandȡwbatȡtoacbesȡ onȡlangaage,ȡ lnȡlanguage,ȡ andȡfotȡ
langaage.ȡTbeȡbeattȡlsȡnevetȡfatȡaway,ȡhisΘbeatt,ȡhtstȡofȡall,ȡwblcbȡlȡdoȡnotȡ
wantȡtoȡavoldȡmentlonlng.ȡTbeȡbeattȡlsȡoneȡofȡtboseȡlntetlotȡsutfacesȡofȡ
tbeȡbodyȡtbat,ȡlnȡptlnclpleȡ,anlessȡoneȡpetfotmsȡtbeȡunlmaglnable,ȡatȡleastȡ
fotȡnow,ȡ opetatlonȡofȡopen-beattȡsutgetyȡonȡoneself) , ȡnoȡ¨self-toucblng¨ȡ
canȡevetȡ teacb-wbatȡ mlgbtȡbeȡtetmedȡ tbeȡ beatt'sȡ blde. ¹ȡAȡ tblnklngȡofȡ
toucbȡ mastȡatȡleastȡ goȡtbtoagbȡaȡtbeotyȡofȡskln. ȡNow,ȡwbatȡlsȡskln,ȡ tbeȡ
pelllculat,ȡ¸saa,Θpeel,ȡpelt,ȡfell, ȡotȡblde`ȡlnȡ Cs·¸as,ΘNancyȡbasȡlnventedȡsx-
¸saasi/isn,Θaȡgteatȡandȡnecessatyȡwotd.`ȡ
Tbeȡbeatt.ȡabsoluteȡlntlmacyȡofȡtbeȡllmltlessȡsectet,ȡnoȡextetnalȡbotdet,ȡ
absoluteȡlnslde,ȡctyptȡfotȡoneselfȡofȡanȡuntoucbableȡself-lntetlotlty,ȡplaceȡofȡ
tbeȡ¨actȡofȡfaltb¨ȡ ,aboutȡwblcbȡweȡteadȡlnȡ¨TbeȡDeconsttuctlonȡofȡCbtls-
tlanlty¨), °ȡlnmostȡcoteȡofȡtbatȡwblcbȡsymbollzesȡtbeȡotlglnȡofȡllfe, ȡwltblnȡ
tbeȡbody,ȡ byȡltsȡdlsplacementȡofȡltȡ,ms/a/s/ƋΘofȡtbeȡblood) .ȡAndȡyetȡnotb-
lngȡappeatsȡatȡleastȡtoȡbeȡmoteȡauto-affectlveȡtbanȡtbeȡbeatt.ȡßutȡsoȡmanyȡ
ofȡNancy'sȡtextsȡbaveȡtoucbedȡuponȡtbeȡbeattȡovetȡtbeȡpastȡfewȡyeatsȡ,tblsȡ
desetvesȡanotbetȡstudyȡlntetsectlngȡwltbȡtbeȡptesentȡone) . ĶȡHete,ȡ tben,ȡlsȡ
oneȡofȡtbeȡh tstȡexamplesȡlȡnotedȡwbenȡlȡtefettedȡlnȡaȡsemlnatȡaȡfewȡyeatsȡ
agoȡ toȡblsȡ ¨ƹlnsactlh able¨ȡ,¨TbeȡUnsactlhceable¨) , ªȡlnȡwblcbȡbeȡanalyzesȡ
tbeȡtematkableȡdenla|ȡwbetebyȡWestetnȡsactlhceȡlsȡconstltuted,ȡftomȡllato'sȡ
PhasdsΘtoȡHegelȡandȡtoȡßatallle.ȡAȡ¨deconsttactlonȡofȡCbtlstlanltyũȡlsȡtbasȡ
a|teadyȡannoanced.ȡAccotdlngȡtoȡtblsȡanalysls,ȡltȡlsȡaȡmattetȡofȡtbeȡspltltu-
allzatlon,ȡwblcbȡlsȡalsoȡaȡdlalectlzatlon,ȡofȡsactlhce,ȡ ltsȡsa//a/isnΘlnȡaato-
sactlhceȡotȡlnȡtbeȡsactlhceȡofȡsactlh ce.ȡßyȡdenylngȡltselfȡbyȡdenylngȡlnȡlt-
selfȡanȡanclentȡsactlh ce,ȡltȡcovetsȡovetȡanȡlnh nlteȡptocessȡofȡnegatlvltyȡwltbȡ
tbeȡnameȡofȡsactlhce,ȡwblcbȡlsȡsactedȡotȡsactallzlng.ȡlnȡdolngȡso,ȡltȡlnstallsȡ
lnȡltsȡbeatt-¨atȡtbeȡbeatt,¨ȡsaysȡNancy,ȡ atȡtbeȡ¨beatt¨ȡofȡtblsȡptocess-tbeȡ
sactlh clalȡdesttactlonȡtbatȡltȡclalmsȡtoȡgoȡ beyondȡotȡabandon.ȡ ltȡtepeats,ȡ
oneȡcouldȡsay,ȡ tbeȡ¨anclent¨ȡsactlhce.ȡTbeȡbeattȡlsȡnotȡonlyȡtbeȡlnsensltlveȡ
ǜguteȡofȡtbeȡcentetȡotȡofȡsectetȡlntetlotlty,ȡltȡlsȡtbeȡsenslbleȡbeatt,ȡtbeȡtbytbm,ȡ
tespltatlon,ȡandȡbeatlngȡofȡtbeȡ blood,ȡ tbeȡbloodyȡbeattȡotȡtbeȡ b|eedlngȡ
beatt,ȡanȡancltcumclsedȡbeattȡ,andȡǨttbetȡonȡNancyȡevokesȡtbeȡ¨cltcam-
zé·Θ Panc/aa/isnsćΘ ĵndΘ¸saĆΘ"Θ
cision¨ȡofȡtbeȡbeatt) . ¨ȡŸtȡitsȡcentet,ȡ tbisȡ doubleȡopetationȡsimultaneouslyȡ
combines,ȡinȡanȡonetousȡambiguity,ȡ tbeȡinhniteȡefhcacyȡofȡdialecticalȡneg-
ativityȡandȡtbeȡbloodyȡbeattȡofȡsactihce. ¨ȡ
¡ d
Tbeteȡ tbenȡ follow,ȡ inȡ tbeȡ nextȡ sentence,ȡ twoȡ instancesȡ ofȡtbeȡ wotdȡ
¨toucb. ¨ȡTbeyȡdesetveȡanȡin¸ni/sΘanalysis,ȡonȡtbeȡscėeȡofȡtbatȡuponȡwbicbȡ
tbeyȡtoucb,ȡnamely,ȡptecisely,ȡaȡptocessȡofȡinhnitization,ȡtbeȡvetyȡsameȡoneȡ
tbatȡwasȡquestionedȡinȡtbeȡptecedingȡcbaptet.ȡ¨Toȡ/sachΘuponȡtbisȡdenial,ȡ
ot,ȡtoȡputȡitȡsuccinctly,ȡtbisȡmanipulation,ȡisȡtoȡ/sachΘuponȡtbisȡsimultane-
ity,ȡ itȡisȡ toȡ beȡ obligedȡ toȡ wondetȡwbetbetȡdialecticalȡnegativityȡwasbedȡ
awayȡtbeȡblood,ȡotȡwbetbetȡtbeȡbloodȡmust,ȡonȡtbeȡconttaty,ȡinevitablyȡbe-
mottbageȡftomȡit.ȡlnȡotdetȡtoȡpteventȡtbeȡdialecticalȡptocessȡftomȡtemain-
ingȡaȡcomedy,ȡ ßatailleȡwantsȡtbeȡbloodȡtoȡdow¨ȡ,myȡempbases~|. ȡ
_¸ ¡

.
l n ȡtbisȡcase,ȡoneȡmayȡeasilyȡsayȡtbatȡitȡisȡaȡquestionȡofȡaȡmannetȡofȡspeak-
ing,ȡ ofȡsomeȡ kindȡofȡttope.ȡ|ustȡttyȡtoȡhŏndȡsomeoneȡwboȡbasȡevetȡ|itetallyȡ
¨toucbed¨ȡaȡdenial.ȡAtȡtimesȡNancyȡseemsȡtoȡbeȡdtawingȡonȡtbeȡŌndȡofȡanȡ
oldȡtbetoticȡtbatȡsaysȡ¨toȡtoucb¨ȡfotȡ¨toȡconcetn, ¨ȡ¨toȡaim, ¨ȡ¨toȡtbink, ¨ȡ¨toȡ
tefetȡto,¨ȡ¨toȡspeakȡof, ¨ȡ¨toȡtakeȡasȡitsȡobj ect, ¨ȡ¨toȡtbematize¨ȡptecisely,ȡ inȡaȡ
pteciselyȡ¸s·/insn/Θfasbion,ȡandȡsoȡfottb.ȡßutȡbecause,ȡinȡtbeȡsameȡsentence,ȡ
oneȡseesȡhtstȡtbeȡbandsȡofȡ¨manipulation¨ȡ,anotbetȡh guteȡbutȡmoteȡsttictlyȡ
detetminate) ,ȡ nextȡ tbeȡ ¨blood¨ȡ tiseȡ upȡ otȡ takeȡ sbape,ȡ tbeȡ litetalityȡ ofȡ
¨toucb¨ȡtbetebyȡbecomesȡmoteȡsensitive,ȡneatet,ȡlessȡconventional.ȡOneȡbe-
ginsȡtoȡaskȡonese|f.ȡwbenceȡcomesȡandȡwbatȡcomesȡasȡtbeȡautbotizingȡin-
stanceȡofȡtbisȡhguteȡofȡ¨toucb¨`ȡWbyȡdoesȡoneȡsayȡ¨toȡtoucb¨ȡfotȡ¨toȡspeakȡ
of, ¨ȡ¨toȡconcetnƀ ¨ȡ¨toȡaim, ¨ȡ¨toȡtefetȡto¨ȡinȡgenetal,ȡandȡsoȡfottb`ȡlsȡitȡbe-
causeȡtoucb,ȡ asȡ Atistotleȡsaid,ȡ isȡ notȡaȡ ¨uniqueȡsense¨ `ȡ Moteȡ andȡmote, ȡ
Nancyȡplaysȡtbisȡgame~tbeȡmostȡsetiousȡgameȡtbeteȡis-wbicbȡconsistsȡ
inȡusing,ȡasȡifȡtbeteȡweteȡnotȡtbeȡsligbtestȡptoblem,ȡtbisȡcommonȡandȡan-
cesttalȡhguteȡofȡtactileȡlanguageȡ inȡotdetȡtoȡdtawȡoutȡattentionȡtoȡ¨tbe'ȡ
senseȡofȡtoucb¨ȡitself-tbatȡtbeteȡisȡnot.ȡHeȡinvestsȡtbisȡvetyȡinvasionȡtbat,ȡ
litt|eȡbyȡlittle,ȡpteventsȡusȡftomȡdistinguisbingȡbetweenȡtbematicȡsenseȡandȡ
opetatingȡfunction,ȡbetweenȡtbeȡptopetȡotȡlitetalȡsenseȡofȡtbisȡsenseȡandȡallȡ
itsȡttopologicalȡtutnsȡofȡpbtase.ȡWbenȡtbisȡnondistinctionȡbecomesȡttou-
bling,ȡ oneȡcanȡnoȡlongetȡavoidȡeyeingȡtbisȡdoubleȡwtiting.ȡ lsȡitȡtoucbingȡ
uponȡsometbingȡotȡisȡitȡtoucbingȡuponȡtoucbingȡitself,ȡtbeteȡwbete,ȡbav-
ingȡmoteȡotȡlessȡsutteptitiouslyȡdtawnȡoutȡattentionȡtoȡtbeȡitteducibleȡhg-
uteȡofȡtoucbing,ȡtbisȡwtitingȡmakesȡusȡputȡoutȡhngetȡonȡlanguage,ȡ toucb-
ingȡitselfȡbyȡtoucbingȡusȡandȡgettingȡtoȡusȡwbileȡmakŎngȡusȡnoticeȡwbatȡisȡ
goingȡonȡwitbȡtoucbing,ȡtoȡbeȡsuteȡinȡaȡmannetȡtbatȡisȡasȡobscuteȡasȡitȡisȡ
¨IΘss¡/sachΘ¸sa"Θ
apotetlc,ȡbutȡaboveȡallȡl nȡaȡ/sachingΘmannetȡtoȡtbeȡpolntȡwbeteȡallȡaffect,ȡ
allȡdeslte,ȡallȡfasclnatlon,ȡallȡexpetlenceȡofȡtbeȡotbetȡseemsȡtoȡbeȡlnvolved,ȡ
lnȡanȡunavoldablyȡsensltlve,ȡotȡsentlmental,ȡfasblon`ȡ
Unfalllngly,ȡ tbeȡquasl-compulsotyȡobllgatlonȡtoȡmakeȡevetytblngȡcon-
vetgeȡtowatdȡtbeȡtactlleȡbasȡdesttuctlveȡeffects.ȡAbuslveȡspendlngȡputsȡtbeȡ
lexlconȡofȡtoucbȡatȡtlskȡofȡtuln,ȡlnȡoneȡofȡtboseȡpostwat,ȡescbatologlcalȡln-
datlons,ȡwblcbȡexcotlateȡtbemselvesȡlnȡtbeȡdespetateȡcallȡfotȡaȡnewȡeta,ȡasȡ
wellȡasȡaȡnewȡ¨ptovenance. ¨ȡltȡlsȡtbete,ȡ petbaps,ȡ tbatȡtbeȡ¨deconsttuctlonȡ
ofȡCbtlstlanlty¨ȡ hndsȡoneȡofȡltsȡapocalyptlcalȡsymptoms.ȡallȡweȡspeakȡlsȡ
¨toucblng¨,ȡnow,ȡtbeteȡlsȡnoȡ¨tbe¨ȡsenseȡofȡtoucb-sometblngȡelseȡwouldȡ
baveȡtoȡcome,ȡsometblngȡabsolutelyȡnew,ȡbutȡstlllȡmoteȡanclent.ȡAnotbetȡ
body,ȡ anotbetȡtblnklngȡbody.ȡ
2. OneȡwouldȡhndȡtbeȡsscsndΘsxam¸/sΘaȡllttleȡeatlletȡlnȡ tbeȡsameȡtext.ȡ
Oneȡmustȡtecallȡtbatȡ¸s·/insncsΘls,ȡ lltetally,ȡ etymologlcally,ȡ tbeȡqualltyȡofȡ
tbatȡwblcbȡtoucbes,ȡofȡwbatȡlsȡlmpottant,ȡ ofȡwbatȡcountsȡ, _ latln}ȡ¸s·ȴ
/ins/) ʍΘOneȡsaysȡtbatȡaȡgestuteȡlsȡpettlnentȡwbenȡltȡ/sachss,Θtoucbesȡ·igh/q,Θ
concetns,ȡtefetsȡto,ȡotȡstandsȡasȡltȡbasȡtoȡlnȡtelatlonȡtoȡwbatȡbasȡtoȡbe,ȡandȡ
tbusȡadj ustsȡltselfȡtoȡtbeȡcontact.ȡltȡlsȡsald,ȡhgutatlvely,ȡ aboutȡdlscoutseȡlt-
selfȡotȡtbougbtȡtbatȡlnsctlbesȡltselfȡlnȡlt.ȡNow,ȡbeteȡlsȡwbatȡoneȡmayȡteadȡ
inΘ¸a·sn/hssss,Θ wbenȡ Nancyȡseemsȡ toȡ beȡdteamlngȡ,beȡlsȡ tlgbtȡ toȡdteamȡ
andȡlȡwantȡtoȡdteamȡalongȡwltbȡblm) ,ȡaboutȡaȡpettlnentȡklss,ȡaboutȡbelngȡ
pettlnentȡatȡlastȡwltbȡtegatdȡtoȡklssesȡotȡsex.ȡ
lotȡNancy'sȡstubbotnȡlmpettlnence,ȡtbeȡlmpettlnenceȡlȡllkeȡandȡadmlteȡ
tbeȡmost,ȡlsȡtbat,ȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡecstasy,ȡofȡoffetlng,ȡofȡtavlsbment,ȡofȡtbeȡ
abandonȡofȡselfȡtoȡtbeȡotbet,ȡevenȡofȡsactlhce,ȡbeȡtesolutelyȡtecalls-beȡlsȡ
tbeȡmostȡ tesoluteȡmanȡlȡ know,ȡ beȡtecallsȡexactly.ȡbeȡlsȡtbeȡmostȡexactȡotȡ
punctualȡpetsonȡlȡknow,ȡbeȡnevetȡmlssesȡanȡappolntment-tbatȡoneȡmustȡ
notȡ tenounceȡ pettlnence,ȡ oneȡ mustȡnotȡ tenounceȡknowlngȡ njndȡsaylngȡ
pettlnentlyȡwbatȡlsȡnecessatyȡonȡtblsȡsubjectȡtoȡ¨safeguatdȡteason¨.ȡaȡwboleȡ
polltlcsȡofȡtbeȡļnllgbtenmentȡtoȡcome,ȡnevetȡtenounceȡeltbetȡpbllosopby,ȡ
otȡknowledge,ȡotȡtbougbt,ȡandȡtakeȡtbeȡtlmeȡtoȡ add,ȡevenȡlfȡinΘ¸a·sn/hssssŲΘ
¨ ,Allȡ tbeȡ same,ȡ sometblngȡ elseȡ needsȡ toȡ beȡ addedȡ beteȡ. . . . ȡßutȡ lȡ can'tȡ
dwellȡonȡtblsȡquestlonȡbete) Ū.ȡ ¨ ,Allȡtbeȡsame,ȡsometblngȡelseȡ needsȡ toȡbeȡ
addedȡbete.ȡconftontedȡwltbȡnon-Westetnȡptactlcesȡofȡsactlhce,ȡ tbeȡnon-
pettlnentȡcbatactetȡofȡoutȡldeaȡofȡsactlhceȡlsȡdoubtlessȡnotȡentltelyȡdlstlnctȡ
ftomȡ manyȡotbetȡsottsȡ ofȡlmpettlnence,ȡ lndeed,ȡ ftomȡ lmpettlnenceȡ lnȡ
2,O Panc/aa/isnsćΘ ŘndΘ ¸saʎΘ"Θ
genetal.ȡ lnȡaȡsense,ȡweȡdon'tȡteallyȡknowȡwbatȡ¨eatlng,¨ȡ¨klsslng, ¨ȡ¨bavlngȡ
sex,¨ȡotȡ¨commandlng¨ȡmeanȡoutsldeȡofȡtbeȡWestȡ. . . . ȡ ßutȡlȡcan'tȡdwellȡonȡ
tblsȡquestlonȡbete.)
,,
IJ `ȡ
Tbeȡlmpettlnence,ȡbete,ȡwouldȡconslstȡlnȡnotȡtoucblng,ȡlnȡnotȡknowlngȡ
bowȡtoȡ toucb,ȡ a//ain,Θaccedeȡ,fotȡexample)ȡ toȡtboseȡexpetlencesȡofȡtoucb-
lngȡcalledȡeatlng, ' ¹ȡklsslng,ȡotȡbavlngȡsexȡ ,andȡnoȡdoubtȡasȡwell,ȡ altbougbȡ
lessȡdltectly,ȡcommandlng)ȡoutsldeȡone'sȡownȡbome,ȡbeteȡoutsldeȡoutȡWestȡ
, ptesumlngȡtbatȡoneȡcanȡ speakȡcalmlyȡofȡsa·ΘWestȡandȡsayȡasΘwltboutȡ
toucblngȡlt) .ȡHeteȡagaln,ȡtbeȡopetatlngȡscbemaȡctossesȡtbeȡnetwotkȡofȡtbe-
matlcȡhgutes.ȡTblsȡctosslngȡlsȡttoubllng,ȡltȡcausesȡoneȡtoȡtblnk,ȡmoteȡpte-
clselyȡtoȡtedectȡonȡtoucb.ȡAndȡtblsȡlsȡconh tmedȡwben,ȡalongȡtbeȡway,ȡ oneȡ
takesȡotȡboldsȡtbeȡmoutb,ȡ'¹ȡeatlng,ȡandȡklsslngȡtoȡbeȡptlvllegedȡplacesȡofȡanȡ
auto-affectlonȡfotȡwblcbȡ¨self-toucblng¨ȡseemsȡtoȡdellvetȡupȡtbeȡttanscen-
dentalȡmodel.ȡTblsȡauto-affectlonȡ,beglnnlngȡwltbȡtbeȡsuctlonȡofȡtbeȡnuts-
llngȡwboȡ ptessesȡ blsȡ otȡbetȡ ownȡ llpsȡ togetbetȡwbenȡ tbeȡ bteastȡ lsȡ takenȡ
away)ȡgoesȡftomȡtbeȡmoutbȡandȡtbeȡtongueȡtoȡtbeȡbeatlng-oneself-speakȡofȡ
volce.ȡßutȡtbeȡvolceȡdlvldes,ȡmultlplles,ȡandȡbeteto-affectsȡltselfȡalteadyȡlnȡ
¨sbatlngȡvolces¨ȡ ˠ/sΘ Ƶa·/agsΘdssΘ·six"} .Θ
Heteȡtben,ȡhtstȡofȡall,ȡlsȡaȡdeductlonȡofȡtbeȡklssȡandȡofȡaȡ¨self-toucblng¨ȡ
wboseȡgtammatlcalȡtedexltyȡlȡsballȡallow,ȡas,ȡlȡassume,ȡbeȡdoes,ȡtoȡosclllateȡ
ftomȡoneȡtoȡtbeȡotbetȡ,toucblngȡsnsss¡ΘotȡtoucblngȡsachΘs/hs·`Θlsȡtbatȡte-
allyȡsometblngȡelse`ȡ Howȡtoȡsayȡlt`ȡ lsȡltȡtbeȡ objectȡofȡaȡposslbleȡknowl-
edge`) .ȡTbeȡklss,ȡ¨tbeȡlmpetatlveȡ. . . ȡ ofȡklsslng,¨ȡlsȡdeduced,ȡlfȡoneȡcanȡbe-
lleveȡtbeȡautbotȡofȡIhsΘCa/sgs·ica/ΘIm¸s·a/i·s,ΘIJ`ȡftomȡaȡlawȡofȡsexȡotȡftomȡ
¨sexȡasȡlaw. ¨ȡ , lȡtendȡtoȡtblnkȡtbatȡtblsȡlsȡaȡmannetȡofȡspeaklng,ȡaȡpedagogy,ȡ
aȡtbetotlcȡmeantȡfotȡtboseȡwboȡtblnkȡofȡnotblngȡelseĺȡasȡfotȡme,ȡ lȡwouldȡ
j ustȡasȡ wellȡdeduceȡ¨sexȡasȡlaw¨ȡftomȡtbeȡapotlasȡ ofȡtbeȡ¨self-toucblng,¨ȡ
butȡtblsȡmattetsȡllttle,ȡbesldes,ȡbeȡwlllȡlndeedȡgoȡonȡtoȡsayȡtbatȡtbeȡ¨llbldo¨ȡ
doesȡ notȡ sufhceȡ toȡ accountȡ fotȡ lt,ȡ notȡ doesȡ someȡ zoo-antbtopology) .ȡ
¨ ¸l] ȡlnally,ȡ sexȡasȡlaw,ȡ tblsȡ lmpetatlveȡofȡtoucblng,ȡklsslng,ȡwblcbȡ neltbetȡ
tbeȡdtlveȡofȡtbeȡspeclesȡnotȡevenȡtbeȡ llbldo'ȡcanȡaccountȡfot.ȡ lotȡtblsȡlm-
petatlveȡdoesn'tȡalmȡatȡanyȡobject,ȡeltbetȡlatgeȡotȡsmall,ȡeltbetȡselfȡotȡcblld,ȡ
butȡonlyȡtbeȡpleasute/palnȡofȡaȡċssătoucblng'ȡ džd' unȡss- toucbet]ūȡ , Nancy,ȡ
Cs·¸as,Θ p.ȡ
)
é) . Θ
lȡptovlslonallyȡlntettuptȡtbeȡquotatlonȡbete,ȡat ȡtbeȡpolntȡwbeteȡanȡlm-
pottantȡ patentbeslsȡ commences-concetnlngȡpteclselyȡanȡ lntettuptlonȡ
tbatȡlsȡlmpottantȡtoȡme,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsayȡlntettuptlonȡltself,ȡtbeȡ¸anc/aa/sdΘ
¨IΘss¡/sachΘ¸saƿƿΘ
passageȡftomȡselfȡtoȡyoaȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡself,ȡaȡcettainȡ¨andȡnotȡŵoneselǠ' Ŭ ȡ
ßefoteȡ lȡ apptoacbȡ Nancy'sȡ ptostbeticalȡ patentbesisȡ aboatȡbisȡ ¨andȡ notȡ
oneself' ''ȡotȡbisȡ¨ai/hsa/Θtetatningȡtoȡself,¨ȡ allowȡmeȡtoȡleaveȡtbingsȡsas-
pendedȡfotȡaȡwbile.ȡ
Tbeȡlawȡofȡ¨self-toacbing,¨ȡtbetefote·ȡtbisȡfatalȡimpetativeȡptodacesȡandΘ
intettapts-itȡpanctaatesȡbyȡtbeȡsameȡtokenȡallȡtbeȡsyntǍxesȡofȡnatcissism.ȡ
letȡasȡteteadȡwbatȡcoaldȡbaveȡbeenȡtbeȡmostȡeconomicȡpointȡofȡdepattate,ȡ
namely,ȡaȡcettainȡpageȡftomȡ|nsΘ¸snsésΘ ¸nisΘ_AȡliniteȡTbinkingńȡtbatȡbtingsȡ
togetbetȡtbeȡmostȡexplicitȡandȡfotmalizingȡofȡNancy'sȡ tematks-on,ȡletȡasȡ
say,ȡ/sach.Θ Hisȡ discoatseȡextendsȡ toȡallȡtbeȡtegistetsȡ,s¸s·a/ingΘotȡ/hsma/ic,Θ
ifȡ fotȡconvenience,ȡweȡateȡ stillȡdistingaisbingȡtbeteȡwbeteȡtbeȡdissociationȡ
betweenȡtbeseȡtwoȡmodesȡisȡnoȡlongetȡsttictlyȡ¸s·/insn/) ,Θitȡtoacbesȡonȡallȡ
tbeȡsenses,ȡitȡintegtatesȡtbeȡinh niteȡdimensionȡofȡtbeȡ¨self-toacbing¨ȡtbatȡ
toacbesȡonȡevetytbing,ȡ onȡtbeȡtangent,ȡ tbeȡtangible,ȡandΘtbeȡintangible.ȡ
Nancyȡttanscendentalizesȡotȡontologizesȡevetytbingȡtbatȡcomesȡdownȡtoȡ
¨toacbing, ¨ȡandȡlikeȡaȡmadmanȡbeȡgoesȡonȡaȡtainoasȡspȑee,ȡspendingȡtbeȡ
tesoatceȔ,ȡtbeȡctedit,ȡ tbeȡcapital,ȡ andȡ tbeȡintetestȡofȡtbeȡ ttanscendental-
ontological.ȡHeȡtedacesȡtbemȡtoȡmonetatyȡsimalacta,ȡitȡseemsȡtoȡme.ȡAndȡ
beȡevenȡnames,ȡ anticipatingȡtbetebyȡmyȡdteamȡaboatȡeyes,ȡtbeȡklssȡofȡtbeȡ
eyes,ȡtbeȡsceneȡofȡeyesȡtoacbingȡtbemselvesȡandȡeacbȡotbet,ȡeyeȡtoȡeye.ȡ
Yes, ȡtalkingȡaboatȡas,ȡ inȡfact,ȡbeȡnamesȡ tbeȡplaceȡ ¨wbeteȡtoacbingȡandȡ
visionȡtoacb, ¨ȡasȡwellȡasȡ¨otbitalȡtoacb, ¨ȡandȡtoacbingȡtbeȡ¨eye¨ȡitself.ȡletȡ
asȡscanȡaȡpage·ȡ
ToϞ touchϞlauguage.Ϟ toϞtouchϞtheϞttace,ϞaudϞtoϞtouchϞitsϞellacemeut.ϞToϞ touchϞ
whatϞmovesϞaudϞvibtatesϞiuϞtheϞ¨opeuϞmouth,Ϟ theϞhiddeuϞ ¸déro/é}˰ ceutet,ϞtheϞ
ellipticalϞtetutu. ¨ϞToϞ touchϞtheϞellipsisϞ itse|l-audϞtoϞtouchϞ ellipsisϞ iuasmuchϞ
asϞitϞtouches,ϞasϞ auϞotbitϞtouchesϞtheϞedgesϞolϞaϞsystem,ϞwhethetϞcosmologicalϞ
otϞoculat.ϞAϞsttaugeĜϞotbitalϞtouch.ϞtouchiugϞtheϞeye,ϞtheϞtougue,Ϟlauguage,ϞaudϞ
theϞwotld.ϞAtϞtheϞceutet,ϞaudϞiuϞtheϞbellyϞ .Ϟ
.˰ .˰ .˰ to˰discern˰isϞtoϞseeϞaudϞtoϞttaceϞ. . . . Ϟ DiscetuiugϞisϞwheteϞtouchiugϞaudϞviȂ
siouϞ touch.ϞltϞisϞtheϞlimitϞolϞvisiou-audϞtheϞlimitϞolϞtouch.ϞToϞ discetuϞisϞtoϞseeϞ
whatϞdiHetsϞiuϞtouchiug.ϞToϞ seeϞtheϞceutetϞdilletiugϞ,ltomϞitsell) .ϞtheϞellipsis.Ϟ
I ô
ltomȡtbeȡhtstȡpagesȡofȡtbeȡotiginalȡbook,ȡ|nsΘ¸snsésΘ ¸nΘ is,ΘftomȡtbeȡgenŞ
etalȡptesentationȡofȡitsȡlogicȡandȡmajotȡconcepts,ȡnotablyȡtbeȡsxŤsc·i/sd,Θ asȡ
tbeyȡwillȡlatetȡbeȡpatȡtoȡwotk,ȡNancyȡbadȡlaidȡoatȡtbisȡdtamaȡofȡcsn/ac/Θa/Θ
/hsΘ/imi/,Θwbicbȡisȡtoȡsay anȡactȡwitboatȡact,ȡtbeȡaffectedȡactȡofȡtoacbiȍg,ȡ
likeȡtbisȡtbinkingȡtbatȡtoacbesȡontoȡtbeȡlimit.ȡ ßatȡitȡisȡaȡlimitȡtbatȡa|soȡbeƅ
ģanc/aa/isnsʨΘ ĀAndΘ¸sa.Θ"Θ
comesȡi/sΘsanΘ/imi/,Θlnȡaȡftlgbtenlnglyȡenlgmatlcȡsense.ȡltȡlsȡaȡllmltȡtbatȡtbeȡ
saldȡtblnklngȡtoacbes,ȡ tbetefote,ȡwltboatȡapptoptlatlngȡltȡfotȡltself,ȡbow-
evet.ȡSacbȡwoa|dȡbeȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡtbeȡwotdȡ¨hnlte, ¨ȡlnȡ¨aȡ hnlteȡtblnklng. ¨ȡ
ltȡlsȡtbeteȡtbatȡtbeȡlnhǺnltlsmȡtbatȡlȡbaveȡqaestlonedȡlnȡtbeȡCbtlstlanȡtblnk-
lngȡofȡdesbȡ hndsȡ ltselfȡaltogetbetȡ andȡatȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeȡ ptovedȡandȡdls-
ptoved,ȡlnȡaȡway-dlsptovedȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡattestedȡptoofȡltself.ȡWeȡ baveȡ
noȡaccessȡtoȡltȡexceptȡftomȡtblsȡwayȡofȡtefettlngȡtoacbȡtoȡtbeȡllmlt.ȡlotȡex-
ample,ȡ ¨aȡhǹnlteȡtblnklng.ȡ aȡtblnklngȡtbat,ȡ wltboatȡtenoanclngȡttatbȡ otȡ
anlvetsallty,ȡwltboatȡtenoanclngȡssnss,Θlsȡonlyȡevetȡableȡtoȡtblnkȡtoȡtbeȡex-
tentȡtbatȡltȡalsoȡtoacbesȡonȡltsȡownȡllmltȡandȡltsȡownȡslngalatlty. ¨
ƴ Ʈȡ
ltȡlsȡallȡtooȡobvloasȡtbatȡtbeteȡtemalnsȡ someȡaneaslness,ȡaȡconcetn,ȡandȡ
tbeȡconfesslonȡofȡltȡlsȡ slgnedȡ lnȡpasslng.ȡ byȡallȡmeans,ȡweȡsboaldȡ notȡ te-
noance'ȡAboveȡ all,ȡ weȡsboaldn'tȡ evenȡ tblnkȡofȡtenoanclng.ȡ Renoanclngȡ
wbat`ȡTtatb,ȡ anlvetsallty,ȡ sense'ȡ Noȡ less'ȡWbetbetȡtblsȡ lsȡ aȡconfesslon,ȡ aȡ
concesslon,ȡotȡaȡwatnlng,ȡ mattetsȡ llttle.ȡ lndeed,ȡltȡlsȡaȡtemlndetȡtbatȡtbeȡ
ptlvllegeȡofȡtoacb,ȡllkeȡtbeȡptlvllegeȡofȡslngalatltyȡ, ptlvllegeȡltself')ȡentallsȡ
tbeȡtlskȡofȡjeopatdlzlngȡwbatȡbasȡlmposedȡltselfȡagains/Θtoacbȡtbtoagboatȡ
blstoty,ȡ fotȡexample,ȡ lnȡtblsȡbattleȡbetweenȡ tbeȡbaptlcalȡandȡtbeȡoptlcaŔ,ȡ
andȡlnȡallȡtbeȡplacesȡwbeteȡtbeȡvalaeȡofȡtbeȡvlslbleȡ,sidss,Θtevelatlon,ȡanvell-
lng,ȡ lntaltlon,ȡandȡsoȡfottb)ȡݪȡbasȡsoȡpowetfallyȡbtoagbtȡlntoȡaccotdanceȡ
ttatbȡ,andȡtbeȡanlvetsalltyȡoneȡattacbesȡtoȡlt)ȡwltbȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡslgbtȡandȡallȡ
tbeȡhĂgatalltyȡtbatȡtblsȡsenseȡotganlzes.ȡTbeteȡbasȡbeenȡtooȡmacbȡplowlngȡ
tbtoagbȡtbeȡheldȡofȡtblsȡptoblematlcȡ,weȡbaveȡvetlhedȡtblsȡoftenȡenoagb)ȡ
fotȡtbeteȡtoȡbeȡanyȡtlme,ȡtoom,ȡtaste,ȡotȡpatlenceȡbete,ȡtoȡcomeȡbackȡtoȡtblsȡ
onceȡagaln.ȡHowevet,ȡletȡasȡnoteȡtbatȡtbeȡhtstȡcondltlonȡofȡaȡteexamlnatlonȡ
woaldȡconslstȡlnȡdlssoclatlngȡ ,j astȡtoȡ see,ȡ otȡtoacb)ȡ tbeȡvalaeȡofȡ¨sense¨ȡ
ftomȡ tbeȡvalaesȡ ofȡttatbȡandȡanlvetsallty,ȡ wblcbȡNancyȡbeteȡsoȡ qalcǿyȡ
gatbetsȡ lnȡ tbeȡsameȡsetles.ȡ lsȡ senseȡnecessatllyȡotdetedȡwltblnȡtbeȡalmȡatȡ
ttatb`ȡTbls,ȡtoo,ȡlsȡaȡtettalnȡmacbȡstlttedȡapȡ lnȡtbeȡpastȡdecades.ȡ ,Tbeteȡlsȡ
toomȡbete,ȡfotȡexample,ȡfotȡaȡklndȡofȡHassetllanȡdlstlnctlonȡbetweenȡpateȡ
gtammatȡandȡ/sgica/Θpateȡgtammat.)ȡ lattbetmote,ȡlnȡtbeȡvetyȡexpetlenceȡ
ofȡtbeȡexsctlbed,ȡNancyȡmastȡalsoȡtakeȡlntoȡaccoantȡaȡteatlngȡawayȡftomȡ
tblsȡhnltenessȡandȡanȡopenlngȡtowatdȡtbeȡexcessȡofȡtbeȡlnh nlte,ȡandȡtbete,ȡ
noȡdoabt,ȡtbeȡttatbfalȡmomentȡlsȡptodaced,ȡlfȡnotȡtbeȡmomentȡofȡttatb.ȡ
lotȡexample.ȡ ŭTblsȡ lsȡwbyȡweȡ callȡtblsȡtboagbtȡwtltlng, 'ȡ tbatȡls,ȡtbeȡln-
sctlptlonȡofȡtblsȡvlolenceȡandȡofȡtbeȡfactȡtbat,ȡtbtoagbȡlt,ȡallȡsenseȡlsȡ sx-
sc·̨/sdΘceaselesslyȡtefasesȡtoȡcomeȡbackȡtoȡltselņȡandȡtbatȡallȡtblnklngȡlsȡtbeȡ
hĂnlteȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeseȡlnhnlteȡexcesses. ¨' ¨ ȡ
¨IΘssþ/sachΘ¸sa"Θ z/;Ч
Tbeȡlnttoductotyȡcbaptetȡofȡ|nsΘ¸snsésΘ¸nisΘletsȡtbeȡwotdȡ¨toucblng¨`įȡ
tecutȡandȡendsȡlnȡtbeȡsuttoundlngsȡofȡoneȡRlmbaud·ȡ
HowϞtoϞact,Ϟ\ stoleuϞheatt`ȴȲϞ
Stopȡatȡtbeȡpolntȡofȡtbeȡquestlonȡmatk.ȡSlgb,ȡcty,ȡ otȡptotest,ȡtbeȡques-
tlonȡ lsȡj ustȡaȡ quotatlon,ȡ aȡ temlndet.ȡ ltȡlsȡ lsolatedȡandȡlnsulatȡonȡaȡ llneȡ
maklngȡupȡaȡpatagtapbȡbyȡltselfȡNotblngȡexpllcltlyȡannouncesȡ,otȡfollowsȡ
upȡwltb)ȡaȡcommentatyȡaboutȡlt. ȡTblsȡmayȡbeȡbecauseȡallȡtbatȡlsȡsaldȡbete,ȡ
befoteȡandȡaftetȡtblsȡquestlon,ȡac/aa/qΘac/nsa/sdgss.Θltȡacknowledgesȡtblsȡ
cettalntyȡtbatȡtoucblng,ȡlnȡanyȡcase,ȡtoucbesȡtbeȡbeattȡandȡonȡtbeȡbeatt,ȡ
butȡlnasmucbȡasȡltȡlsȡa/aa¸sΘtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡotbet.ȡ
Lvenȡss¡toucblngȡtoucbesȡuponȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡotbet.ȡHeattsȡnevetȡbe-
long,ȡatȡleastȡtbeteȡwbeteȡtbeyȡcanȡbeȡtoucbed.ȡNoȡoneȡsbouldȡevetȡbeȡableȡ
toȡsayȡ¨myȡbeatt, ¨ȡ myȡownȡbeatt,ȡ exceptȡwbenȡbeȡotȡsbeȡmlgbtȡsayȡltȡtoȡ
someoneȡelseȡandȡcallȡblmȡotȡbetȡtblsȡway-andȡtbatȡlsȡlove.ȡTbeteȡwouldȡ
beȡnotblngȡandȡtbeteȡwouldȡnoȡlongetȡbeȡanyȡquestlonȡwltboutȡtblsȡotlgl-
natyȡexapptoptlatlonȡandȡwltboutȡaȡcettalnȡ¨stolenȡbeatt. ¨ȡTblsȡbook,ȡ|nsΘ
¸snsésΘ¸nΘis,Θwltbȡ tbeȡquotatlonȡ¨Howȡtoȡact,ȡ Lĕ stolenȡbeatt`¨ȡhtstȡ cameȡ
outȡlnȡJ¸¸O, wblcbȡlsȡtoȡsayȡsbottlyȡaftetȡaȡcettalnȡsutglcalȡ¨opetatlon, ¨ȡtbeȡ
beattȡttansplantatlon,ȡwblcbȡlȡbaveȡalteadyȡmentloned-butȡtenȡyeatsȡbe-
foteȡNancy'sȡLĒin/·asΘ,Tbeȡlnttudet) . ``ȡTbeseȡdatesȡdoȡandȡdoȡnotȡcount.ȡ
Wbatȡmakesȡtbeseȡtextsȡsttonglyȡnecessatyȡdoesȡpettalnȡtoȡ¸ni/sΘ/hin/ing,Θ
tbatȡls,ȡaȡtblnklngȡbotbȡllnkedȡtoȡ contlngencyȡandȡfotelgnȡtoȡ lt. ȡ
lnȡLĒin/·as,Θ ftomȡltsȡassoclatlon,ȡtblsȡtlme,ȡwltbȡtbeȡ¨/schnëΘofȡbodles, ¨ȡ
tbeȡ¨blstotyȡofȡtecbnlques¨ȡandȡ¨tecbnlcalȡposslbllltles, ¨ȡtbeȡwotdȡ¨con-
tlngency¨ȡtakesȡonȡaȡvalueȡtbatȡweȡcanȡnoȡlongetȡteduceȡtoȡtbeȡtwoȡte-
matkableȡandȡdlffetentȡusesȡofȡtbeȡsameȡwotdȡ¨contlngency¨ȡasȡanalyzedȡ
eatlletȡwltbȡtegatdȡtoȡltanck'sȡ andȡCbtĀtlenČsȡ texts.ȡTbeteȡ agaln,ȡ ltȡseemsȡ
toȡme,ȡtbtougbȡtbeȡquestlonȡofȡttansplant,ȡ gtaftlng,ȡ andȡtecbnlcalȡptos-
tbetlcs,ȡ tunsȡtbeȡdlvldlngȡllneȡtbatȡconcetnsȡus,ȡlnsctlblngȡandȡlmposlngȡ
ltselfȡlnȡltsȡ mostȡlltetalȡfotm.ȡ
. . . Ϟ myϞowuϞheatt,Ϟthetelote,ϞwasϞuoϞlougetϞolϞauyϞuse,Ϟ lotϞaϞ teasouϞ thatϞwasϞ
uevetϞclatih ed.Ϟ ¸TheϞ lastϞlϞheatdϞaboutϞthisϞ cameϞltomϞaϞdoctotϞwhoϞtoldϞme.Ϟ
¨YoutϞheattϞwasϞptogtammedϞtoϞlastϞhltyϞyeats . ¨¦ ϞAudϞso, Ϟi uϞotdetϞtoϞlive,ϞitϞ
wasϞuecessatyϞtoϞteceiveϞsomeoueϞelse'sϞheatt,ϞtheϞheattϞolϞauothet.Ϟ
, 8utϞwhatϞothetϞptogtamϞwasϞmyϞowuϞphysiologicalϞptogtamϞcomǺugϞactossϞ
theu`ϞĠessϞthauϞtweutyϞyeatsϞeatlietϞtheteϞweteϞuoϞttausplauts,ϞaudϞaboveϞallϞuotϞ
z/|Θ Panc/aa/isnsĝΘ ĵndΘ ¸saťΘ
withϞ tecoutseϞ toϞ cyclospotiue,Ϟ whichϞ ptotectsϞ agaiustϞ oue'sϞ tejectiouϞ olϞtheϞ
ttausplautedϞotgau.ϞTweutyϞyeatsϞltomϞuowϞweϞshallϞcettaiulyϞbeϞdealiugϞwithϞ
auothetϞkiudϞolϞttausplautatiou,Ϟ usŦugϞothetϞmeaus.Ϟ letsoualϞ contingencies˰ateϞ
ctossiugϞ contingencies˰ in˰the˰histor,˰o¸˰techniqaes.˰ Latliet,Ϟ l'dϞ haveϞ beeuϞ dead,Ϟ
latet,ϞlϞwouldϞsutviveϞsomeϞothetϞway.Ϟ 8utϞ¨l¨ϞalwaysϞhudsϞitsellϞsqueezedϞiutoϞ
theϞuattowϞslotϞolϞtechnica/˰¸ossi/i/ities˰ThatϞisϞwhyϞitϞisϞiuϞvaiuϞthatϞthoseϞwhoϞ
wautedϞitϞtoϞbeϞaϞmetaphysicalϞadveututeϞtakeϞouϞthoseϞwhoϞheldϞitϞtoϞbeϞaϞtech-
nica/˰accom¸/ishment˰¸petlotmauceϞtechuique| .Ϟ itϞ isϞ aϞquestiouϞolϞboth-oueϞ
withiuϞtheϞothet. )ėʼnϞ
ßutȡtlgbtȡahetȡtbeȡ¨llmltȡofȡtoucb,¨ȡuponȡotȡnextȡtoȡwblcbȡbeȡwouldȡstlllȡ
llkeȡtoȡbeȡtoucblng,ȡ beteȡcomesȡ nonllmltatlonȡltself,ȡ tbeȡ ttanscendentalȡ
quasl-ontologlzatlonȡofȡtblsȡsense·ȡtoucbȡasȡss͊/saching.ΘToȡ beȡsute,ȡtoucb,ȡ
asȡss¡/saching,Θ lsȡtoucb,ȡbutȡalsoȡtoucbȡ¸/asΘevetyȡotbetȡsenseȡ,wbenceȡtbeȡ
dlzzlnessȡofȡtbeȡtbetotlcalȡtutnsȡofȡpbtase) .ȡToucb,ȡasȡss¡/saching,Θ lsȡtbeȡ
belngȡofȡevetyȡsenseȡlnȡgenetal,ȡtbeȡbelngďsenseȡofȡsense,ȡtbeȡcondltlonȡofȡ
posslbllltyȡofȡsenslbllltyȡlnȡgenetal,ȡtbeȡvetyȡfotmȡofȡspaceȡandȡtlme,ȡandȡsoȡ
fottb.ȡßutȡhőtstȡofȡall,ȡtbeȡwlll,ȡtbeȡessenceȡofȡtbeȡwlll,ȡandȡtbetefoteȡevetyȡ
metapbyslcsȡofȡtbeȡwlllȡ, petbapsȡftomȡDescattesȡtoȡKantȡotȡevenȡtoȡNletz-
scbe)ȡ wlllȡbaveȡbeenȡ btougbtȡbackȡtoȡ toucb.ȡ letbapsȡ teducedȡtoȡ toucb.ȡ
baptlcoďttanscendentalȡteductlon.ȡ
Aȡsttangeȡtautology,ȡtbetefote,ȡwblcbȡlncludesȡtoucbȡlnȡtbeȡwlll,ȡanȡana-
lytlcȡdehnltlonȡofȡtbeȡw|llȡtbatȡuncovetsȡlnȡltȡtoucbȡ tbtougbȡslmpleȡexpll-
catlon.ȡToȡwlllȡlsȡtoȡwlllȡtoucb,ȡtoȡwantȡlsȡtoȡwantȡtoȡtoucbȡ,lt) .ȡToȡ wlllȡlsȡtoȡ
wantȡtoȡtoucb,ȡtbusȡtoȡbendȡ _¸/is·}Θ actlvltyȡtoȡfallȡbackȡlntoȡtbeȡfoldȡ_·s¸/i}Θ
ofȡtbeȡpasslveďactlveȡ auto-affectlonȡ tbatȡ ls,ȡ lnȡanyȡwlll-to-toucb,ȡ tbeȡlet-
oneself-be-toucbedȡbyȡtbatȡwblcb,ȡtbeȡotbet,ȡoneȡtoucbesȡatȡwlll.ȡAȡ¨dan-
getousȡsupplement¨ȡ ,Rousseau) ,ȡaȡvlcatlousȡsutplusȡofȡmastutbatotyȡplea-
suteȡdoesȡlnȡnoȡwayȡteduceȡtbeȡaltetltyȡofȡtbeȡotbetȡwboȡcomesȡtoȡlnbabltȡ
tbeȡself-toucblng,ȡotȡatȡȇeastȡtoȡbauntȡlt,ȡatȡleastȡasȡmucbȡasȡltȡspecttallzesȡ
anyȡexpetlenceȡofȡ¨toucblngȡtbeȡotbet.¨ȡlotȡtblsȡaRect,ȡwbatȡbeteȡlndectsȡotȡ
conj ugatesȡ tbeȡ¸assi·sΘactlvltyȡofȡtbeȡwlll,ȡ goesȡ equallyȡnoȡ doubtȡ byȡtbeȡ
nameȡdssi·s.Θllkeȡtbeȡontologlcalȡandȡtbeȡttanscendental,ȡtbeȡwlllȡaffectsȡlt-
selfȡwltbȡltsȡotbetȡftomȡtbeȡh tstȡcontact,ȡasȡsoonȡd ltȡtoucbesȡotȡoneȡtoucbesȡ
onȡtoucb,ȡd soonȡasȡoneȡwantsȡ/sach,Θ aan/sΘ/sΘ/sachΘi/,Θ i/ss¡Θ¸dęsȡqu'onȡveutȡ
/sΘ/sachsͬΘ /ai,Θ /ai-mcms¦ .Θ
ltϞɧsϞtheϞsystemϞagdluy ltϞlȕȡtheϞwilĀϞ toϞ system.Ϟ , 8utϞwhatϞisϞwill`ϞWhoϞ kuows,Ϟ
otϞthiuksϞheϞkuows`ϞDoesu'tϞwillϞdilletϞiuϞitsϞesseuce`)Ϟ ¸ WeϞcauϞheatϞhimϞmut-
ĀIΘssþ/sachΘ¸sa"Θ :/· Θ
mutiug,Ϟas Ϟusual,Ϟ ¨theteϞi s ϞuoϞʭthe'Ϟwill . Ŭ-| . ϞD. } ˰l t Ϟi s ϞtheϞwillϞ toϞ touch.Ϟ theϞ
wishϞ thatϞtheϞhaudsϞ touch,Ϟ actossϞtheϞ book,Ϟ audϞthtoughϞ theϞ book,Ϟ thatϞitsϞ
haudsϞtouch,ϞɷeachiugϞj ustϞd laɷϞd itsϞskiu,ϞitsϞpatchmeut̕ϞthatϞoutϞhaudsϞtouch,Ϟ
alwaysϞthtoughϞtheϞiutetmediatyϞolϞskiu,ϞbutϞtouchϞuouetheless.ϞToϞ touchϞoue-
sell,Ϟ toϞ beϞ touchedϞ tightϞatϞouesell,Ϟ outsideϞ oueselťϞwithoutϞ auythiugϞ beiugϞ
apptoptiated.ϞThatϞisϞwtitiug,Ϟlove,ϞaudϞseuse.Ϟ
SeuseϞis˰touchiug.ǣƹϞ
HowȡlsȡoneȡtoȡdeclpbetȡtblsȡisΘlnȡltallcs`ȡNeattallzed,ȡ lnȡcautloasȡsas-
penslon,ȡ ltȡlsȡalsoȡatȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeȡh tmlyȡlnslstent.ȡsenseȡltself,ȡ tbeȡsenseȡ
ofȡtbeȡsenses,ȡ lsȡtbeȡ·s·¸Θsenseȡofȡtoucbȡ¸·s¸s·ǚΘtbeȡessenceȡofȡtoacblngȡlsȡ
sense-andȡtbeȡessenceȡofȡsenseȡlsȡtoacblng.ȡ Oneȡcoaldȡalsoȡandetstandȡ
tblsȡisΘasȡ aȡsottȡofȡ/·ansi/i·sΘwboseȡactlve,ȡbaptlcalȡmovementȡtoacbesȡal-
teady,ȡltselfȡtoȡltself.ȡ/sΘ/sΘmeansȡ/sΘ/sachΘandȡ/sΘ/sachΘ/sach.Θsenseȡ,ls) ,ȡtbatȡ
ls,ȡtoacbesȡtoacb,ȡtoucbȡisΘ,toacbes)ȡtoacb.ȡtbasȡwll|ȡotȡdeslteȡ,seeȡtbeȡpte-
cedlngȡpatagtapbs) .ȡToacbȡ toacbesȡ onȡevetytblng-altogetbetȡllkeȡpbl-
losopby,ȡ someȡpeopleȡmlgbtȡsay,ȡ andȡllkeȡpbllosopbets, ȡtboseȡmeddletsȡ
wboȡcan'tȡkeepȡtbeltȡbandsȡoffȡanytblng,ȡlnȡtbeltȡlnsatlableȡpolymotpboasȡ
petvetsltyȡotȡlmpetloasȡencyclopedlsm. ȡ
Onceȡmoteȡoutȡsabj ectȡsllpsȡoff.ȡ Toucbȡlsȡnoȡlongetȡaȡcategotyȡamongȡ
otbets,ȡ wbenceȡ ltsȡ Ĝaasi-ttanscendental-ontologlzatlon-Ĝaasi,ȡ becaaseȡ
tbeȡtoucbableȡofȡtblsȡtoacbȡglvesȡltselfȡovetȡasȡuntoucbable.ȡlfȡltȡweteȡaȡcat-
egoty,ȡ ltȡwoaldȡalsoȡbeȡtbatȡwblcbȡ cattlesȡ ltȡoffȡbeyondȡltself,ȡj ustȡasȡwtlt-
lngȡ¸/'éc·i/}Θ expottsȡltselfȡlntoȡexsctlptlon,ȡtbatȡotbetȡconceptaalȡlnventlonȡ
ofȡNancy's.ȡ ¨SenseȡisΘtoacblng.ȡTbeȡttanscendental'ȡ ofȡsenseȡ ,otȡwbatȡlsȡ
ontologlcal'ȡlnȡlt)ȡlsȡtoacb.ȡobscute,ȡlmpate,ȡuntoacbableȡtoacb.ȡ¨``ȡ
l fȡtoacbȡlsȡtbeȡsenseȡofȡallȡtbeȡsenses,ȡtbatȡls,ȡofȡallȡsensltlveȡotȡsenslbleȡ
ptesentatlon,ȡ ofȡallȡ tbatȡmakesȡsenseȡbyȡptesentlngȡltselfȡtbas,ȡ oneȡon|yȡ
wtltesȡ/sΘ/sachΘsnΘi/Θ,lnȡvlewȡofȡlt,ȡonȡlt,ȡlnȡltsȡfavot,ȡandȡsoȡfottb)ȡ byȡln-
sctlblngȡtbatȡllmltȡonȡwblcb,ȡasȡweȡbaveȡj astȡbegunȡtoȡsense,ȡstandsȡ,batȡ
alsoȡovetdowsȡltself)ȡtbeȡself-toacblngȡofȡanyȡcontact.ȡTbetefoteȡtblsȡwtlt-
lngȡ lsȡ nevetȡ apptoptlateȡ otȡapptoptlated,ȡ noȡ moteȡ tbanȡ ltȡapptoptlatesȡ
anytblngȡtoȡltself.ȡ ¨Toȡtoacbȡoneself,ȡ toȡbeȡtoucbedȡtlgbtȡatȡoneself,ȡout-
sldeȡoneself,ȡwltboatȡanytblngȡbelngȡapptoptlated.ȡTbatȡlsȡwtltlng,ȡlove,ȡ
andȡsense. ¨`°ȡ
Nancyȡcallsȡtblsȡtbeȡ¨exsctlbed¨-andȡtbeȡcallȡfotȡaȡ¨deconsttactlonȡofȡ
Cbtlstlanlty. ¨ȡ Hlsȡtecentȡwotksȡbaveȡlaldȡoatȡtbeȡconseqaentȡelabotatlonȡ
ofȡtbeȡconceptȡofȡexƃsctlptlon. ȡ

Panc/aa/isnsĿΘ ƻndΘđsa.Ϟ
Absentȡteconsttactlonȡbeteȡofȡallȡtbeȡdevelopmentsȡtbatȡ tellȡ ofȡtbeȡex-
sctlptlonȡ ofȡwtltlng,ȡ ofȡtbeȡ ttaceȡ asȡ self-effacement,ȡ letȡ usȡ j ustȡteadȡ tbeȡ
llnesȡtbatȡateȡclosestȡtoȡtblsȡanalytlcsȡofȡtoucb~tbeteȡwbeteȡltȡovetdowsȡ
ltself,ȡ atȡ onceȡ hgutlngȡ otȡhctlonallzlngȡltselfȡ lnȡaȡĜaasi-ttanscendental-
ontologlcalȡbypet-analytlcs.ȡTblsȡanalytlcsȡcallsȡlntoȡŚaestlonȡ¨allȡmatetlalȡ
otȡspltltualȡmodalltlesȡofȡaȡptesenceȡfallȡofȡsense,ȡcbatgedȡwltbȡsense, ¨ȡallȡ
tbeȡ pbllosopbemesȡ otȡ tbeologemesȡ tbatȡ weȡ baveȡ examlnedȡ wltblnȡ tbeȡ
ptoblematlcsȡofȡ¨desb¨.ȡ
AsϞsoouϞasϞwtitiugϞtoucbesϞtbeϞbodyϞ ¸ i . e. ,Ϟ aϞcettaiuϞbodyϞ¨lost, ¨Ϟbeadloug,Ϟaĕ
cor¸s˰¸erda-ȟǸ˰ D. | ,ϞwtitiugϞlosesϞ toucbϞ itsell.ϞWtitiugϞbasϞ oulyϞtoϞttaceϞitϞotϞ
ellaceϞ it.Ϟ 8utϞtbeϞ bodyϞisϞ uotϞ lostϞ iuϞ tbeϞsimpleϞextetiotityϞolϞaϞ¨pbysical¨ϞotϞ
¨couctete¨Ϟpteseuce.Ϟ Ratbet,Ϟ itϞisϞlostϞ toϞallϞmatetialϞotϞspititualϞmodalitiesϞolϞ
aϞpteseuceϞƠllϞolϞseuse,ϞcbatgedϞwitbϞseuse.ϞAudϞilϞwtitiugϞlosesϞtbeϞbody,ϞlosesϞ
itsϞowuϞbody,Ϟ aĕcor¸s˰¸erda,˰ tbisϞoccutsϞtoϞ tbeϞexteutϞtoϞwbicbϞitϞiusctibesϞ itsϞ
pteseuceϞbeyoudϞallϞtecoguizedϞmodalitiesϞolϞpteseuce.ϞToϞ iusctibeϞpteseuceϞisϞ
uotϞtoϞ,te)pteseutϞitϞotϞtoϞsiguiŏϞit,ϞbutϞtoϞletϞcomeϞtoϞoueϞaudϞovetϞoueϞwbatϞ
metelyϞ pteseutsϞitsellϞatϞtbeϞ limitϞwbeteϞ iusctiptiouϞitsellϞwitbdtawsϞ ,otϞ ex-
sctibesϞitsell,ϞwtitesϞitsellϞoutsideϞitsell)Ϟ. . . . Ϟ
.Ϟ .Ϟ .ϞTbeϞexpetieuceϞuamedϞ¨wtitiug¨Ϟ is˰ tbisϞvioleutϞexbaustiouϞolϞtbeϞdis-
coutseϞiuϞwbicbϞ¨allϞseuse¨ϞisϞalteted,ϞuotϞiutoϞauotbetϞseuseϞotϞtbeϞotbetϞway,Ϟ
butϞiuϞ tbisϞexsctibedϞbody. ˶̂Ϟ
Toacblngȡwl:bȡ tactȡuponȡtbeȡtblnklngȡofȡtoacb,ȡ butȡ alsoȡ bagglngȡlt, ȡ
bodyȡandȡsoal, ȡlnȡone'sȡatmsȡ _ ƀΘ/·asţġs-cs·¸sĥ ,Θsacbȡtblnklngȡmastȡatȡtbeȡ
sameȡtlmeȡoffetȡltselfȡandȡexposeȡltselfčtoȡlettlngȡltselfȡbeȡtoucbed.ȡ lotȡ
toȡtoacb,ȡsoȡoneȡbelleves,ȡls,ȡtoucblngȡwbatȡoneȡtoacbes,ȡtoȡletȡoneselfȡbeȡ
toucbedȡbyȡtbeȡtoacbed,ȡbyȡtbeȡtoucbȡofȡtbeȡtblng,ȡwbetbetȡobj ectlveȡotȡ
not, ȡotȡbyȡtbeȡ¨ǥesb¨ȡtbatȡoneȡtoucbesȡandȡtbatȡtbenȡbecomesȡtoacblngȡasȡ
wellȡasȡtoucbed.ȡ
Tblsȡlsȡnotȡttueȡofȡallȡtbeȡotbetȡsenses.ȡ oneȡmay,ȡ toȡbeȡsute,ȡletȡoneselfȡ
beȡ¨toucbed¨ȡasȡwellȡbyȡwbatȡoneȡbeatsȡotȡsees,ȡbutȡnotȡnecessatllyȡbeatdȡ
otȡseenȡbyȡwbatȡoneȡbeatsȡotȡsees,ȡwbenceȡtbeȡlnltlalȡ ptlvllegeȡofȡwbatȡlsȡ
calledȡtoucbȡ,tblsȡatȡleastȡlsȡHassetl'sȡatgament,ȡdlscussedȡeatllet) .ȡ
Toȡ toacb,ȡsoȡoneȡbelleves,ȡamountsȡtbetefoteȡtoȡlettlngȡoneselfȡbeȡtoacbedȡ
byȡwbatȡoneȡtoucbesȡ andȡlsȡtbusȡtoȡtoacb,ȡwltbȡpettlnence,ȡ aponȡ toacb,ȡ
lnȡaȡmannetȡtbatȡlsȡatȡonceȡtoucblngȡandȡtoucbed.ȡNow,ȡ Nancyȡsaysȡandȡ
tbusȡtblnkȓȡśblsȡd5Ǒldȡotbetsȡbefoteȡblm,ȡtoȡbeȡsute,ȡbatȡs/hs·aiss.Θlnȡwbatȡ
wayȡdoesȡbeȡalsoȡsayȡsometblngȡotbetȡtbanȡtbeȡttadltlonȡupȡantllȡMetleau-
¨IΘss¡/sachΘ¸sa"Θ 2,,
lontyȡotȡMaldlney,ȡ fotȡexample`ȡTbatȡl s ȡwbeteȡoneȡnowȡneedsȡt oȡstattȡotȡ
stattȡovetȡagaln.ȡ
Makeȡbelleveȡl 'mȡ stattlngȡovetȡagaln,ȡ slnceȡļЧ obvloaslyȡandȡavowedlyȡ
baveȡtbeȡfeellngȡlȡcanȡnevetȡgetȡtoȡ lt,ȡ toȡtbeȡttatb,ȡandȡlȡ canȡnevetȡtoacbȡ
tbeȡpolntȡofȡdepattate,ȡnotȡtoȡmentlonȡtbeȡend.ȡlȡdateȡtoȡcontentȡmyselfȡ
wltbȡtelllng,ȡoatȡofȡotdet,ȡtbeȡstotyȡofȡwbatȡlȡwoaldȡbaveȡllkedȡtoȡwtlteȡlnȡ
otdetȡtoȡteacbȡblm,ȡpteclsely,ȡlnȡanȡapptoptlate,ȡhttlngȡ_a¸/s¦Θway.ȡNo,ȡnotȡ
evenȡtbeȡstoty,ȡ tben,ȡbatȡcettalnȡstotlesȡtbatȡateȡmoteȡotȡlessȡanecdotal,ȡofȡ
wbatȡtoacbedȡmeȡwblleȡlȡwasȡttylngȡtoȡwtlteȡ¨OnȡToacblng. ¨ȡ
Tbas,ȡ fotȡ example,ȡ tblsȡ sceneȡ ofȡftlendsblp, ȡ ofȡmeetlngs, ȡ andȡ con-
ttetemps,ȡtbeȡconttetempsȡatȡtbeȡtendezvoas,ȡlnȡI ¸¸2, ptobably.ȡ lȡtemem-
betȡoneȡofȡoatȡmeetlngs,ȡtbatȡofȡaȡmlssedȡtendezvoasȡoneȡevenlngȡatȡtbeȡ
Sttasboatgȡaltpott,ȡonȡtbeȡeveȡofȡoneȡofȡtboseȡlnnametableȡcolloqalamsȡ
onȡtbeȡgeopbllosopbyȡofȡLatope.ȡlmposslbleȡtoȡgetȡlnȡtoacbȡonȡtbeȡtele-
pbone.ȡ|eanĪlacȡlsȡpanctaalȡandȡcomesȡtoȡj olnȡmeȡahetȡbavlngȡmlssedȡmeȡ
atȡtbeȡaltpott,ȡandȡaftetȡlȡbadȡalteadyȡgottenȡtoȡtown,ȡbeȡlsȡaccompanledȡ
byȡoatȡftlendȡ|acqaellneȡRlsset,ȡtoȡwbomȡļЧbadȡj astȡwtlttenȡtoȡsayȡ,onȡtbeȡ
eveȡofȡtbatȡday) ,ȡ tatbetȡbelatedly,ȡ bowȡmacbȡļЧ llkedȡandȡadmlted,ȡ onceȡ
agaln,ȡʷamsa·ΘdsΘ/sinΘ_ loveȡftomȡaȡDlstance} . Ɨªȡ
TbeȡtltleȡofȡoneȡpoemȡtbeteƖƞȡwasȡalteadyȡecbolngŽȡwltboatȡmyȡteallzlngȡ
lt,ȡtbeȡtltleȡcbosenȡmacbȡeatlletȡfotȡtbeȡ¨text-on-toacb-tbat-l-dteamed-of-
wtltlng-fot-|ean-lac-Nancyȡ. . . ȡ ¨ȡ
Noȡpanctaatlonȡwbatsoevetȡlnȡ tblsȡ poem,ȡ noȡpanctaatlonȡmatk,ȡ notȡ
evenȡatȡtbeȡend,ȡexceptȡaftetȡtbeȡqaestlonȡtoȡ¨yoaŧȡ ,¨slnonȡtol` ¨ȡ _lfȡnotȡ
yoa`} ) . ȡlsȡtbeȡpanctaatlonȡofȡtbeȡ¸saΘtbeȡleastȡofȡtbeȡbeaatyȡofȡtblsȡpoemȡ
lnȡwblcbȡallȡtbeȡmodalltlesȡateȡlndŗectedȡbetweenȡ̭ǃΘns/,Θ andȡtbeȡpolntȡofȡ
tbeȡqaestlonȡmatk`ȡ
Le˰toacher˰
maΘsϞQuI
pouttaitϞmeϞtouchetϞu ptéseutϞ
siuouϞtoi`Ϟ
_˰ + + o butϞwhoϞ/ϞcouldϞtouchϞmeϞatϞpteseutϞ/ϞilϞuotϞyou`Ϟ. o o ¦˰
lnȡwbatȡwayȡdoesȡNancyȡalsoȡsayȡsometblngȡotbetȡtbanȡtbeȡttadltlonȡapȡ
toȡMetleaa-ŀontyȡandȡMaldlney`ȡ lsȡltȡonlyȡlnȡtbatȡbeȡsaysȡsometblngȡs/hs·,Θ
.¸· _
.
Panc/aa/isnsųΘ ¨AndΘ¸saǍΘ"Θ
pteclselyȡtbeȡs/hs·,Θtbeȡotbetȡwboȡantlclpatesȡandȡlntet-venesȡ Ǩ¸·éĂ·isn/ΘĆ ķ ķ Θ
in/s·-·isn/ĥΘatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡptesence-to-selfȡofȡtbeȡself-toacblng`ȡlsȡltȡonlyȡ
lnȡtbatȡbeȡsaysȡtbeȡotbetȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡmostȡ bypetbollcȡtedexlvltyȡotȡ
tbeȡmostȡnatclsslstlcȡspecalatltyȡwbenȡltȡcomesȡtoȡ¨self-toacb¨`ȡTblsȡwoaldȡ
keepȡblmȡlnȡǒose,ȡtangentlalȡptoxlmltyȡtoȡltanck'sȡandȡCbtétlen'sȡlntent,ȡlfȡ
tbeȡqaestlonȡofȡtecbnlcalȡcontlngencyȡdldȡnotȡcomeȡtoȡcompllcateȡtblngs.ȡ
ßatȡtbeteȡlsn'tȡj astȡtbeȡpotentlalȡdlffetenceȡ_dq ·sndĥ Θtegatdlngȡtecbnl-
calȡcontlngencles,ȡ tbeteȡlsȡalsoȡallȡtbatȡglvesȡltselfȡtoȡ/hin/Θlnȡtbeȡdlffetentȡ
gestatesȡ ofȡtbeȡbody,ȡ tbeȡdlffetentȡsceneȡandȡstaglng,ȡ ¨style,¨ȡ otȡwtltlngȡ
ptagmatlcs.ȡ
Atȡtblsȡpolnt,ȡ onȡtblsȡstage,ȡtblsȡotbetȡlsȡneltbetȡenanclatedȡnotȡdeslg-
nated,ȡneltbetȡwtlttenȡnotȡevenȡsxsc·i/sdΘbyȡNancyȡlnȡtbeȡtbltdȡpetsonȡofȡ
aȡconstatlve.ȡTbeȡslgnatotyȡofȡtblsȡtboagbtȡaddtessesȡblmselfȡtoȡ¨yoa, ¨ȡandȡ
panctaatlngȡotbetwlse,ȡbeȡaposttopblzesȡyoaȡlnȡtbeȡsecondȡpetsonȡatȡtbeȡ
beattȡofȡaȡpbllosopblcalȡdlscoatseȡonȡtbeȡbeatt.ȡHeȡtbasȡwtltesȡyoaȡlnȡblsȡ
Cs·¸as,Θandȡlȡplckȡapȡtbeȡptecedlngȡqaotatlonȡwbeteȡlȡlntettaptedȡlt.ȡ
lotϞthisϞimpetativeϞdoesu'tϞaimϞatϞauyϞobɫect,ϞueithetϞlatgeϞuotϞsmall,ϞueithetϞ
sellϞuotϞchild,ϞbutϞoulyϞtheϞpleasute/paiuϞolϞaϞ¨ģcΟtouchiug¨Ϟ Ţd'uuϞse- touchet| .Ϟ
,OtϞyetϞagaiu. ϞolϞaϞtemaiuiug-sell,ϞotϞaϞbecomiug-sellϞaithoat˰tetutuiugϞtoϞselɛϞ
ToϞ takeϞpleasuteϞ ¸¸oair¦˰ isϞatϞtheϞheart˰olϞtheϞdialecticϞaϞdiastoleϞwithoutϞsys-
toleƕϞthisϞheattϞisϞtheϞbody.)Ϟ
I˰seƤtoach˰youϞ,audϞuotϞ¨ouesell¨)Ϟ _Se˰toacher˰toiϞ,etϞuouϞ¨soi¨)͍-otϞagaiu,Ϟ
ideutically,Ϟ to˰seƤtoach˰skin˰,audϞuotϞ¨ouesell¨) ǫϞ suchϞisϞtheϞthiukiugϞthatϞtheϞ
bodyϞalwaysϞ lotcesϞtoϞ goϞ lutthet,Ϟ alwaysϞ tooϞ lat.Ϟ luϞttuth,Ϟ itϞisϞthoughtϞ itsellϞ
whichϞlotcesϞ itsellϞiuϞthisϞwayϞaudϞdislocatesϞitsellƕϞ lotϞallϞ theϞweight,Ϟ allϞtheϞ
gtavityϞolϞthought-itsellϞaϞaeighing-ŀn˰theϞeudϞgoesϞtowatdϞuothiugϞexceptϞ
consenting˰to˰the˰/od,˰and˰/odies.˰,LxaspetatedϞcouseut.)Ϟ,ȦɊɍˠ,˰ Co¸as,˰p.Ϟ,6)ǥ˫Ϟ
Howȡlsȡoneȡtoȡgaageȡtbeȡfallȡconseqaenceȡofȡtblsȡ ¨tol, ¨ȡofȡ¨tol, ¨ȡyoats,ȡ
wbenȡtbeȡ¨self-toacblng¨ȡoffetsȡltsȡtedexlvltyȡtoȡ¸sa·ΘeRtactlonȡwltboatȡallȡ
tbeȡsameȡtenoanclngȡlt,ȡwltboatȡyleldlngȡotȡglvlngȡlnȡlnȡltsȡtelatlonȡtoȡself`ȡ
lfȡ,lnȡanȡabsatdȡbypotbesls)ȡ lȡbadȡtoȡcbooseȡtbeȡmostȡdeclslveȡwotdȡlnȡ
tbeseȡlastȡsentences,ȡltȡwoaldȡnoȡdoabtȡbeȡ¨exaspetated¨. ȡ¨sxas¸s·a/sdΘcon-
sent. ¨ȡlȡwoaldȡtbenȡttyȡtoȡj astlǩȡmyȡcbolceȡwltbȡtbeȡapptoptlateȡanalysls.ȡ
exaspetatlonȡneltbetȡconttadlctsȡnotȡnegatesȡconsent,ȡltȡsbatpensȡlt,ȡsttetcbesȡ
andȡcballengesȡlt,ȡltȡtatnsȡltȡovetȡtoȡltsȡconttatyȡsoȡtbatȡltȡsaǣetsȡltselfȡtoȡbeȡ
wbatȡltȡlsƄconsentlng.ȡ Ʊatȡtbeteȡagaln-tbeȡwotdȡ¨consentlng¨ȡmayȡcallȡ
fotȡltčtblsȡwoaldȡlnȡaȡwayȡdtawȡaȡtangentȡtoȡCbtétlen'sȡ tblnklngȡ,¨Lvetyȡ
sensatlonȡhtstȡconsentsȡtoȡtbeȡwotld¨) , đ' ȡlfȡsoȡmanyȡotbetȡcontextaalȡfea-
''IΘssþ/sachΘ¸sa"Θ :
ʣ)Θ
tatesȡdldȡnotȡkeepȡtbemȡdlstlnct.ȡhtst,ȡtbeȡlttedaclbleȡplatalltyȡofȡbodlesȡtoȡ
wblcbȡltȡlsȡaȡqaestlonȡofȡconsentlngȡźconsentlngȡtoȡtbeȡbodyȡandȡbodles¨) , ȡ
aȡplatalltyȡtbatȡcannotȡbeȡgatbetedȡl nȡaȡdlvlne,ȡCbtlstlcȡbodyȡtbatȡwoaldȡl nȡ
someȡwayȡbeȡoneȡandȡcommon,ȡandȡsecond,ȡtbetefote,ȡtblsȡexpetlenceȡofȡ
tbeȡtecbnlcalȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡbeatt,ȡaȡtlmedȡexpetlenceȡtbatȡbeatsȡwlt-
ness,ȡatȡoneȡsttoke,ȡftomȡanȡlndlspatableȡevent,ȡtoȡanȡ¨exaspetatedȡconsent¨ȡ
asȡfotelgnȡtoȡtevoltȡasȡtoȡacceptance.ȡLacbȡtbasȡdealsȡwltbȡaȡdlffetentȡ¨yes¨ȡ
otȡanȡaltogetbetȡdlRetentȡptovenanceȡofȡtbeȡsameȡ¨yes¨ȡ -byȡessenceȡalwaysȡ
addtessedȡtoȡaȡ¨yoa, ¨ȡaȡ/si.Θ
LĒin/·asΘdesctlbesȡtblsȡconsentlngȡandȡ exaspetatedȡexpetlenceȡtbatȡleadsȡ
beyondȡ¨tevolt¨ȡandȡ¨acceptance, ¨ȡbatȡalsoȡbeyondȡallȡmetapbyslcsȡofȡtbeȡ
¸·s¸s·Θandȡsa/·a/isn,ΘandȡtbetefoteȡCbtlstlanȡdesb.ȡWbatȡlsȡj astȡasȡtematk-
ableȡlsȡtblsȡevldence.ȡaȡcettalnȡdesctlptlonȡbeteȡbasȡtecoatseȡtoȡscbemasȡandȡ
toȡaȡlexlconȡdatlngȡftomȡbefoteȡtbeȡ¨opetatlon¨,ȡweȡ baveȡvetlhedȡtbatȡltȡ
patsȡtoȡwotkȡaȡ¨loglc¨ȡtbatȡbadȡlongȡbeenȡfotmėlzed.ȡ
Thus,Ϟ theϞ multipleϞ sttaugetϞwhoϞ iuttudesϞ upouϞ myϞlileϞ ,myϞleeble,ϞwiudedϞ
lile, ϞwhichϞ atϞtimesϞslidesϞiutoϞ aϞmalaiseϞthatϞvetgesϞouϞaϞ simplyϞastouishedϞ
abaudoumeut)Ϟ isϞuoueϞothetϞthauϞdeath-otϞtathet,ϞlileƑdeath.ϞaϞsuspeusiouϞ
olϞtheϞcoutiuuumϞolϞbeiug,ϞaϞscausiouϞwheteiuϞ¨l¨Ϟhas/haveϞlittleϞtoϞdo.ϞReco/t˰
and˰acce¸tance˰are˰eqaa/þ˰¸reig˰ to˰ the˰sitaation.˰ 8utϞtheteϞisϞ uothiugϞthatϞisϞ
uotϞloteigu.Ϟ TheϞ meausϞ olϞsutvivalϞ themselves,Ϟ these,Ϟ h tstϞ olϞall,Ϟ ateϞ com-
pletelyϞsttaugeĚϞwhatϞcauϞi tϞmeauϞtoϞteplaceϞaϞheatt`ϞTheϞthiugϞexceedsϞmyϞca-
pacityϞtoϞtepteseutϞit.Ϟ,OpeuiugϞtheϞeutiteϞthotax,ϞmaiutaiuiugϞtheϞotgauϞtoϞbeϞ
gtaltedϞiuϞtheϞptopetϞstate,ϞcitculatiugϞtheϞbloodϞoutsideϞolϞtheϞbody,ϞsututiugϞ
theϞvesselsϞ . . . . Ϟ lϞlullyϞuudetstaudϞwhyϞsutgeousϞptocla|mϞtheϞiusiguihcauceϞolϞ
thisϞlastϞpoiut.ϞtheϞvesselsϞiuvolvedϞiuϞtheϞbtidgiugϞgtaltsϞateϞmuchϞsmalletϞ . . . . Ϟ
8utϞitϞmattetsϞlittle.ϞotgauϞttausplautϞimposesϞtheϞimageϞolϞaϞpassageϞthtoughϞ
uothiuguess,ϞolϞauϞ euttyϞiutoϞaϞspaceϞemptiedϞolϞallϞptopetty,Ϟ allϞiutimacyʁ
ot,Ϟ ouϞ theϞcouttaty,Ϟ theϞ imageϞolϞthisϞspaceϞiuttudiugϞiuϞme.ϞolϞtubes,Ϟclamps,Ϟ
sututes,ϞaudϞptobes. ) Ϟ
vhat˰is˰ this˰/Ņ˰ Njro¸er"˰that˰it˰is˰a˰matter˰o¸˰ ǀsacingNJ˰AtϞtheϞvetyϞleast,Ϟi tϞ
tutusϞoutϞthatϞitϞiuϞuoϞwayϞtesidesϞi uϞ ¨m,"˰/od,ĭ˰itϞisϞuotϞsituatedϞauywhete,Ϟ
uotϞeveuϞiuϞthisϞotgauϞwhoseϞsymbolicϞteuowuϞhasϞlougϞbeeuϞestablished.Ϟ
,OueϞmightϞsay.Ϟ still,Ϟthete'sϞtheϞbtaiu. ϞAudϞolϞcoutse,Ϟ ltomϞtimeϞtoϞ timeϞ
theϞ ideaϞ olϞaϞ btaiuϞ ttausplautϞ euliveusϞ theϞ uews.Ϟ HumauityϞwillϞ oueϞ dayϞ
doubtlessϞspeakϞolϞthisϞ agaiu.Ϟ lotϞ theϞmomeut,Ϟ itϞisϞacceptedϞ thatϞ theϞbtaiuϞ
cauuotϞsutviveϞwithoutϞtheϞtestϞolϞtheϞbody.Ϟ OuϞtheϞothetϞhaud,ϞaudϞtoϞleaveϞ
theϞ mattetϞ hete,Ϟ theϞ btaiuϞ wouldϞ pethapsϞ sutviveϞ withϞ auϞ eutiteϞ systemϞ olϞ
ttausplautedϞbodyϞpattsϞ. . . Ϟ ) . ʼnėϞ
.
I
¹
ĴĔcȡ Panc/aa/isnsųΘ ¨AndΘ¸saķΘ"Θ
Sboaldn'tȡtbeȡ¨self-toacblngȡyoa¨ȡ bencefottbȡaccommodateȡtbeȡ¸sssi-
/i/i/¸,Θ atȡleast,ȡofȡtblsȡ eventȡ ,ofȡtblsȡ ¨opetatlon, ¨ȡfotȡexample)ȡ andȡofȡtbeȡ
tbǴnklngȡdlscoatseȡtbatȡltȡtbasȡ callsȡfotƫȡlsn'tȡtbeȡsāc/i·sΘtblnklngȡofȡtblsȡ
posslbllltyȡlnȡltselfȡ,atȡleastȡlfȡltȡlsȡ¸ c/i·s)Θalteadyȡanȡlndlspatable,ȡanfot-
gettableȡevent,ȡwblcbȡlsȡalwaysȡanexampledȡandȡalwaysȡteadyȡtoȡdeptlveȡasȡ
ofȡaȡ¨fotȡexample¨`ȡŮЧeventȡftomȡwblcbȡoneȡsboaldȡtbasȡalwaysȡstattȡandȡ
de-pattȡagaln-atȡleastȡptepateȡ oneselfȡfotȡ¨anotbetȡ depattate¨`ȡ lotȡan-
otbetȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡevent,ȡofȡtbeȡsāc/i·i/¸Θofȡwbatȡattlvesȡandȡbappens,ȡ
andȡwbatȡbappens-toȡyoa.ȡ
§ I} `7nd tO yOu. ´ Åhc ÏncaÌcuÌabÌc
E\cctitudc, Punctuc/it¡ Punctucticn
Tblnklngȡofȡ¨self-toacblngȡyoa¨ĕȡ oneȡwll|ȡbaveȡbadȡtoȡptepateȡtblsȡnow,ȡ
someȡptecaatlonȡotȡptotocolȡwll|ȡbaveȡbadȡtoȡfotesta||ȡltsȡgtammat.ȡ
I. Oneȡ mastȡh tstȡofȡal|ȡspeakȡofȡ·Ǝsxi·i/¸Θandȡnotȡs¸sca/a·i/¸,Θ slnceȡ tbeȡ
contactȡ,tbeȡssþ/sachingΘandȡtbeȡssþ/sachingΘ¸saΘofȡtbeȡtwoȡbotdets)ȡdoesȡ
notȡsabmltȡtoȡ tbeȡpatadlgmȡ ofȡslgbtȡotȡtbeȡmlttotžȡ ofȡtbeȡspeca|am,ȡ otȡ
sometblngȡllkeĕȡ ¨tbeȡeyeȡcanȡbeat,¨ȡ noȡmoteȡtbanȡtoȡ tbeȡsystemȡofȡpbe-
nomeno|oglca|ȡ ,atȡ|eastȡHassetllan)ȡ ptesctlptlonsȡdlscassedȡeat|let.ȡHete,ȡ
onȡtbeȡconttaty,ȡandȡtblsȡlsȡtbeȡonto|oglca|ȡttanscendentalltyȡofȡtbeȡbaptl-
ca|,ȡ slgbtȡlsȡaȡ toacblng.ȡ Tbeȡqaestlonȡ temalnsĸȡwbatȡbappensȡwbenȡ oatȡ
eyesȡtoacb`ȡAndȡdoȡtbeyȡnotȡtoacbȡasȡsoonȡasȡoatȡ|ooksȡlntetsect,ȡbesltat-
lngȡlnh nlte|yȡbetweenȡtwoȡOtlents,ȡ betweenȡ tbeȡvlslbleȡeyeȡ ,wblcbȡltȡlsȡ
tbetefoteȡposslb|eȡtoȡtoacb)ȡandȡtbeȡseelngȡeyeȡ,wblcbȡlsȡh nal|y,ȡessentla||y,ȡ
abso|atelyȡantoacbab|e) `ȡ
2. Tbeȡssþ/sachingNJ¸saΘtemalnsȡlncalcalab|e.ȡltȡwelgbs,ȡ batȡtblnklngȡltȡ
exceedsȡltsȡca|ca|atlon.ȡltȡlsȡneltbetȡsnsΘ,monadlc) ,ȡaȡslng|eȡone,ȡaȡanlqaeȡ
se|f-toacblng-oneself,ȡnotȡtbeȡdsa//s,Θsymmettlcal,ȡandȡaboveȡal|ȡlmmedl-
ateȡte|atlonȡofȡaȡteclptoca|ȡse|f-toacblng-one-anotbetȡwboseȡlmpetsonalȡ
|awȡcoaldȡbeȡattetedȡlnȡtbeȡtbltdȡpetson.ȡTbeȡdlssymmettyȡ,andȡtbeȡfactȡ
tbatȡltȡlsȡdoab|eȡdoesȡnotȡatȡa|lȡmakeȡltȡsymmettlcal)ȡopensȡontoȡtbeȡlnac-
cesslb|eȡttanscendenceȡofȡaȡ¸sa,Θofȡyoa,ȡwboȡdo,es)ȡ notȡ|etȡlt,yoat) self,ȡ lsȡ
,ate)ȡob|lged,ȡowe,s)ȡltȡh tstȡofȡal|ȡtoȡdeslte,ȡnotȡtoȡ|etȡltselfȡevetȡbeȡteap-
ptoptlatedȡlnȡtbeȡmastetlngȡtedȄexlvltyȡofȡtbeȡse|f,ȡofȡtbeȡte|atlonȡtoȡselfȡofȡ
wbatevetȡtoacbesȡltse|fȡandȡaccedesȡtoȡselfȡlnȡtbeȡself-toacblng.ȡTblsȡlattetȡ
Panc/aa/isnsćΘ '' AndΘ¸sa.Θ"Θ
¨yoa¨ȡwlllȡnevetȡletȡltselfȡbeȡlndectedȡlnȡaȡhtstȡotȡtbltdȡpetsonȡ,slngalatȡotȡ
platal) ,ȡltȡmastȡĄemalnȡtbeȡtoacbableȡ,tbatȡls,ȡ antoacbable)ȡ poleȡofȡaȡvoca-
tlveȡotȡanȡaposttopblzlngȡaddtess.ȡTblsȡ lsȡnotȡsaidΘotȡnotȡsaldȡinΘ/hisΘaa¸Θ
,lnȡdlstespectȡofȡgtammatȡoatȡofȡtespectȡfotȡtbeȡotbet) ,ȡ lnȡallȡtbeȡattet-
ancesȡaboatȡself-toacblngȡtbatȡweȡbaveȡencoantetedȡapȡtoȡtblsȡpolnt.ȡ ßatȡ
tbeȡfactȡtbatȡltȡ|sȡnotȡsaldȡlnȡtblsȡwayȡdoesȡnotȡmeanȡtbatȡltȡtemalnsȡan-
tboagbt.ȡ ltȡ sboaldȡ notȡ pteventȡ asȡ ftomȡ teadlngȡltȡtbeteȡwblleȡpattlngȡ
sometblngȡofȡoatȡownȡlntoȡlt. ȡ
). Tblsȡefftactlonȡofȡtbeȡotbet,ȡ ofȡwbatȡcannotȡtetatnȡtoȡselfȡlsȡtbeȡcon-
dltlonȡofȡdeslte,ȡltȡlsȡtbeȡbeatt,ȡtblsȡ¨otganȡwboseȡsymbollcȡtenownȡbasȡlongȡ
beenȡestabllsbed. ¨š ȡTbeȡtblnketȡofȡtbeȡsyncopeȡlsȡalsoȡaȡtblnketȡofȡtbeȡdlas-
tole,ȡofȡtbeȡgapȡotȡdllatlonȡwltboatȡtetatn,ȡofȡtblsȡs/hs·Θhsa·/,Θ atȡtbeȡbeattȡ
ofȡwblcbȡtbeȡdlastollcȡdlRetenceȡotȡdlastemaȡdoesȡnotȡleŜȡltselfȡbeȡgatbetedȡ
apȡ otȡconttactedȡ lnȡ tbeȡ telatlonȡ toȡ self,ȡ lnȡ tbeȡs¸nʄ ofȡanyȡsystole.ȡTblsȡ
tblnklngȡofȡdllatlonȡwltboatȡtetatnȡtoȡself,ȡwltboatȡexcbange,ȡ ofȡaȡbeattȡ
wltboatȡcltcalatlonȡlsȡtbeȡtblnklngȡofȡanȡabsolateȡgenetoslty,ȡ ofȡaȡgenetos-
ltyȡmoteȡgenetoasȡtbanȡgenetosltyȡltselfȡwblcbȡasȡltsȡnameȡlndlcates,ȡwoaldȡ
stlllȡbeȡgenlalȡandȡtooȡnatatal.ȡ
Retead-ftomȡ tbeȡ petspectlveȡ ofȡDescattes'sȡ andȡ Nancy'sȡ tespectlveȡ
conceptsȡofȡtbeȡcltcalatlonȡofȡbloodȡandȡofȡgenetoslty-Nancy'sȡEgsΘ sam,Θ
andȡL'sx¸˻·isncsΘdsΘ/aΘ /i/s·/éΘ,IhsΘEx¸s·isncsΘs¸F·ssdsm) ,Θtwoȡgteatȡbooks,ȡ
lnȡwbatȡtbeyȡglveȡoneȡtoȡtblnkȡaboatȡtbeȡglh,ȡtbatȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡaȡgenetosltyȡofȡ
nonsabj ectlveȡfteedom,ȡaΘsa·¸·isingΘgsns·ssi/¸Θĸ¸Θ/singŧΘTblsȡgenetosltyȡlsȡ
annoancedȡftomȡtbeȡvantageȡpolntȡofȡaȡdeatbȡtbatȡlsȡasȡlnapptoptlableȡasȡ
blttb,ȡ¨lnȡanȡċ lmmottallŜy'ȡofȡfteedomȡwblcbȡlsȡnotȡaȡsapetnatatalȡllfe,ȡbatȡ
wblcbȡfteesȡlnȡdeatbȡltselfȡtbeȡanptecedentedȡoffetlngȡofȡexlstence. ¨` ȡ
Onceȡagaln,ȡtblsȡ¨genetosltyȡofȡbelng¨ȡotlentsȡasȡtowatdȡwbatȡl sȡbeyondȡ
belng,ȡ belngs,ȡ otȡessenceȡ,s¸s/sinaΘ/ȈsΘ sasias) ŧΘ ltȡmayȡseemȡ¨satptlslng¨ȡ lnȡ
tbatȡltȡletsȡoneȡtblnkȡofȡaȡglftȡbeyondȡbelng,ȡandȡconnectsȡgeneslsȡotȡgen-
etatlonȡwltbȡtblsȡmovementȡofȡabandonȡtbatȡletsȡbe-wltboatȡlt,ȡwltboatȡ
ltself,ȡ andȡwltboatȡltsȡotlgln-tbeȡvetyȡtblngȡltselfȡtoȡwblcbȡltȡglvesȡtlse.ȡ
lnȡtblsȡconnectlon,ȡllotlnasȡcltesȡtbeȡobsetvatlonȡofȡ¨tbeȡanclents¨ȡ _ l . e. , ȡ
llatoȡRs¸a//icΘĒ.
,
c,ß,]ȡtbatȡtbeȡOneȡl sȡbeyondȡtbeȡessenceȡHeȡgenetates,ȡ
andȡlsȡaȡslaveȡneltbetȡtoȡessenceȡnotȡtoȡblmself.ȡHeȡwboȡmadeȡtbeȡessenceȡ
¨leftȡltȡoatsldeȡblmselfȡbecaaseȡbeȡbasȡnoȡneedȡofȡbelng. ¨đȡLatllet,ȡllotl-
ƱĉndΘ/sΘ¸saΘ"ΘIhsΘInca/a///sΘ
nasȡdesctlbesȡtblsȡsameȡnecesslty-fteedomȡofȡtbeȡOne,ȡbyȡdtawlng-soȡtoȡ
speak-tbeȡplaceȡ ofȡtbeȡOne, ȡwltbȡtbeȡbelpȡ ofȡsttlǾngȡbaptlcalȡh gatesƤȡ
beteȡlsȡcontactȡotȡtangency,ȡ tbeteȡwbeteȡtbeȡdlffetenceȡbetweenȡtbeȡlnsldeȡ
andȡtbeȡoatsldeȡlsȡnoȡlongetȡaȡpettlnentȡ dlstlnctlonȡotȡopposltlon. ȡllotl-
nasȡmakesȡaȡdtawlng,ȡtben,ȡasȡltȡwete,ȡwltbȡtbeȡbelpȡofȡcltcles,ȡofȡllnesȡotȡ
lettets-ofȡtaysȡ , g·ammai ) . ΘAndȡ beȡdoesȡ tbls,ȡ asȡ alwaysȡ lnȡ tbeseȡ texts,ȡ
wblleȡaposttopblzlngȡtbeȡotbet,ȡ beȡllkewlseȡpanctllloaslyȡaddtessesȡblm-
selfȡtoȡyoa.ȡ
AudϞyouϞwheuϞyouϞseek,ϞseekϞuothiugϞoutsideϞhim,ϞbutϞseekϞwithiuϞallϞthiugsϞ
whichϞcomeϞaltetϞhim,Ϟ butϞleaveϞhimϞhimsellϞaloue.ϞlotϞheϞhimsellϞisϞtheϞout-
side,ϞtheϞeucompassmeutϞaudϞmeasuteϞolϞa|lϞ thiugs.Ϟ OtϞwithiuϞiuϞdepth,ϞbutϞ
whatϞisϞoutsideϞhim,ϞtouchiugϞhimϞiuϞaϞkiudϞolϞcitcleϞ¸tangent˰J Lai˰comme˰en˰
cerc/e}˰ audϞdepeudiugϞouϞ himċϞ isϞ allϞwhichϞ isϞ tatioualϞptiucipleϞ audϞ iutellect,Ϟ
but,ϞtathetċϞitϞwouldϞbeϞ lutellectċϞ iuϞsoϞlatϞasϞ itϞtouchesϞhimϞaudϞiuϞtheϞwayϞ
thatϞitϞdepeudsϞouϞhim,Ϟ iuϞthatϞitϞhasϞltomϞhimϞ itsϞ beiugϞlutellect.ƹϞ
Tbeȡbeattȡofȡtblsȡotbetȡbeattȡcannotȡbeȡtoacbed,ȡdoesȡnotȡtoacbȡi/ss͆Θltȡ
ssătoacbesȡ¸sa.Θltȡcanȡonlyȡtoacbȡltself/beȡtoacbedȡbyȡyoatȡeyes.ȡAndȡtblsȡ
otbetȡbeatt,ȡmlne,ȡlsȡnotȡanȡotganȡtbatȡcanȡbeȡcatȡoatȡofȡmyȡbodyȡ,¨tblsȡ
beattȡlsȡtbeȡbody,¨ȡbeȡsays) .ȡßatȡltȡlsȡalsoȡnotȡsometblngȡelse,ȡltȡlsȡnotȡaȡhǵg-
ateȡlnbetltedȡ,ftomȡtbeȡßlble,ȡfotȡexample)ȡtbatȡmeansȡtbeȡcentet,ȡllfe,ȡ¸sach˿Θ
¸nsama,Θspltlt,ȡlntetlotlty,ȡ feellng,ȡlove.ȡltȡlsȡtbeȡbody,ȡ ltȡlsȡtbeȡbeattȡlnso-
fatȡasȡltȡlsȡyoatsȡbelonglngȡtoȡmeȡ ¸mu¸¸a·/isn/ΘȐΘ/si} , Θtbeȡotbetȡbeatt,ȡtbeȡ
beattȡofȡtbeȡotbet,ȡtbeĄeȡwbeteȡtbeȡ¨spltltaal¨ȡhgate,ȡtbeȡlnbetltedȡmeton-
ymy,ȡ toacbesȡtblsȡbeatt,ȡmyȡbody,ȡ lnȡmyȡbody,ȡ andȡcanȡnoȡlongetȡbeȡdls-
soclatedȡftomȡlt.ȡ
lnȡotdetȡfotȡtbeteȡtoȡbeȡtblsȡbeatt,ȡtblsȡgoodȡbeatt,ȡtbeȡposslbllltyȡofȡtbeȡ
badȡbeattȡmastȡtemalnȡfotevetȡs¸sn-wblcbȡlsȡtoȡsayȡtoȡltselfȡasȡaltogetbetȡ
,any)ȡ otbet.ȡAȡbeattȡwoaldȡnotȡbeȡgoodȡanlessȡltȡcoaldȡbeȡotbet,ȡbad, ȡtad-
lcally,ȡan¸·gi·a/qΘbad,ȡteadyȡfotȡanyȡlnhdellty,ȡanyȡtteacbetyȡandȡpetjatyȡ
,wblcbȡweȡbaveȡpteclselyȡllnkedȡwltbȡanȡlnevltable-lmposslbleȡvowȡofȡab-
stlnenceȡandȡtbasȡwltbȡtbeȡsttactateȡofȡtbeȡantoacbable'sȡandȡtbeȡtactlle'sȡ
fate)-andȡtbetefoteȡanlessȡoneȡcoaldȡbaveȡaȡcbangeȡofȡbeatt.ȡ
Weȡbaveȡtoȡknow,ȡwbenȡtbeȡtlmeȡcomes,ȡbowȡtoȡbaveȡaȡcbangeȡofȡbeatt.ȡ
TblsȡmayȡbeȡbowȡoneȡcanȡttanslateȡtbeȡanalyslsȡlnȡIhsΘEx¸s·isncsΘs¸ΘF·ss-
dsmΘ ofȡmallgnancy,ȡdlabollcalȡwlckedness,ȡandȡtadlcalȡevll,ȡlnȡ sbott,ȡwbatȡ
Kantȡtetmsȡtbeȡ¨evllȡbeatt. ¨ƚ ȡTblsȡmayȡbeȡaȡwayȡofȡotlentlngȡtbeȡteadlngȡofȡ
tbeȡtlcblyȡcomplex,ȡǧndamentalȡcbaptetȡtltledȡ¨Lvll.ȡ Declslon. ¨ȡ Consld-
Panc/aa/isnsųΘ ¨AndΘ¸saǎΘ"Θ
etlngȡwbatȡbasȡ beenȡ saldȡbeteȡaboatȡtbeȡcatnal,ȡotȡ¨Ŋesb¨ȡ ¸chai·¦ ,Θ sacbȡ aȡ
teadlngȡwoaldȡespeclallyȡdwellȡonȡtbeȡpassageȡllnklngȡtbeȡmotlfȡofȡ¨anpat-
donable¨ȡ evllȡwltbȡ aȡnoteȡaboatȡ tbeȡ ¨ _concenttatlon}ȡ camps¨~catnalltyȡ
tbatȡlsȡhǶetcelyȡtenacloasȡ_acbatnsmsnŝ} ,ȡwastlngȡawayȡ_ĘȖcbatnsmsnŝ} ,ȡandȡ
beapedȡlnȡaȡmassȡgtaveȡ ¸ĎbaƤnis·¦ .Θ°ȡ
q. Atȡstakeȡlsȡtbeȡpleasateȡtakenȡlnȡpleasateȡ ¸¸sai·ΘdsΘ/Θ¸saissancs¦Θ.Wbatȡ
pleasesȡasȡwbenȡoatȡeyesȡtoacb`ȡTbatȡlsȡwbatȡlȡwasȡhnallyȡasklngȡyoa. ȡ
Nancy'sȡtesponseƥȡ¨Toȡtakeȡpleasateȡ_¸sai·¦Θlsȡatȡtbeȡhsa·/Θofȡtbeȡdlalec-
tlcȡaȡdlastoleȡwltboatȡsystole. ¨ ȡTbeȡbeattȡs¸Θtblsȡotbetȡdlalectlcȡ ,dlastoleȡ
wltboatȡsystoleŻ ,ȡnamely,ȡtbeȡpleasateȡofȡtaklngȡpleasate,ȡlsȡtbeȡbeattȡltself,ȡ
namely,ȡ tblsȡ otbetȡ beattȡtbatȡself-toacbesȡyoa, ȡtbatȡ belongsȡtoȡyoa, ȡtbatȡ
glvesȡpleasateȡonlyȡtbeteȡwbeteȡpleasateȡlsȡmadeȡallȡtbeȡmoteȡlntenseȡbyȡ
notȡtetatnlngȡtoȡme,ȡbyȡtetatnlngȡtoȡmeȡwltboatȡtetatnlngȡtoȡme,ȡtbeteȡ
wbeteȡlȡself-toacbȡyoa. ȡ
Tbeȡecstatlcȡandȡbaptlcalȡai/hsa/Θofȡtbeȡ¨ai/hsa/Θtetatnlngȡtoȡself¨ȡlsȡ
wbatȡlntettaptsȡtbeȡcltcalatlonȡlnȡtblsȡbeatt,ȡtblsȡotbetȡbeatt,ȡwblcbȡlsȡtoȡsayȡ
alsoȡwbatȡmakesȡltȡbeatȡwltbȡaȡbeatlngȡtbatȡlsȡnoȡlonget,ȡbasȡnevetȡbeenȡtbeȡ
tegalatȡ altetnatlonȡ ofȡsystoleȡandȡdlastole.ȡWbatȡlntettaptsȡ cltcalatlonȡ lsȡ
wbatȡmakesȡtbeȡbeattbeatȡandȡlt'sȡyoa,ȡtbeȡ¸saΘofȡself-toacblng-yoa.ȡHeȡem-
pbaslzesȡtbeȡwotdȡ¨beatt¨.ȡ¨onlyȡtbeȡpleasate/palnȡofȡaȡssătoacblng'ȡ _d'anȡ
ss-toacbet} ĭȡ ,Otȡyetȡagaln.ȡofȡaȡtemalnlng-selfȡotȡaȡbecomlng-selfȡai/hsa/Θ
tetatnlngȡtoȡselǟȡToȡtakeȡpleasateȡ¸¸sai·¦Θlsȡatȡtbeȡhsa·/Θofȡtbeȡdlalectlcȡaȡdl-
astoleȡwltboatȡsystole·ȡtblsȡbeattȡlsȡtbeȡbody) ¨ȡ ,Nancy,ȡ Cs·¸as,Θp.ȡ)
é) . Θ
ųĻndȡyoa, ¨ȡs/Θ/si.Θ tbeseȡate,ȡ beȡltȡnoted,ȡ tbeȡlastȡwotdsȡ ofȡblsȡ Cs·¸as.Θ
¨Cotpas¨ȡlsȡwltblnȡ Cs·¸asΘtbeȡmissΘsnΘa/¸msΘofȡtbeȡtltleȡatȡtbeȡbeadȡofȡtbeȡ
lastȡȗĆoȡpages.ȡlnȡlt,ȡweȡcanȡplckȡoatȡpteclselyȡtbatȡwblcbȡcannotȡbeȡplckedȡ
apȡotȡsablatedȡ,aa̹s/sn) ,Θtbatȡlsȡtoȡsay,ȡtbeȡdlssemlnatlonȡofȡessence,ȡofȡtbeȡ
One,ȡandȡofȡwbatȡconfetsȡOnenessȡonȡtbeȡßelngȡofȡ wbatevetȡltȡmayȡbe.ȡßatȡ
tblsȡdlssemlnatlonȡlsȡnotȡtledȡtoȡanytblngȡllkeȡtbeȡbody,ȡ ¨tbe¨ȡvetyȡbodyȡi/-
ss͇Θtbeȡbelng-bodyȡofȡtbeȡbody,ȡ tbeȡbelngĪptopetlyȡtbeȡbodyȡptopet.ȡ/hsΘ
¨Ŋesb. ¨ȡlltstȡofȡall,ȡdlssemlnatlonȡplatallzesȡanyȡslngalatltyȡtbatȡallowsȡoneȡ
toȡsayȡ¨tbe¨ȡ¸ ¨/s"ΘsaΘ¨/"¦Θ,ȡtoȡatlllzeȡanȡattlcleȡtbatȡlsȡdeh nlteȡotȡdehnlngȡfotȡ
wbatevetȡltȡmayȡbeȡwboseȡvetyȡbelngȡltself,ȡ anlvetsalȡessence,ȡotȡlndlvldaalȡ
sabstanceȡcoaldȡtbasȡbeȡdeslgnatedȡptopetlyȡasȡi/Θss¡Θ¸cs/aΘmcms} ,Θfotȡex-
ampleȡ¨tbeȡbody,¨ȡ¨tbe¨ȡsenseȡofȡtoacb,ȡ/hsΘ_la}ȡ ¨desb, ¨ȡandȡsoȡfottb.ȡNow,ȡ
beȡ tetmsȡcs·¸asΘtblsȡsablatlngȡdlssemlnatlonȡtbatȡdoesȡ notȡcomeȡaponȡtbeȡ
bodyȡbyȡwayȡofȡtbeȡbody.ȡ Heȡgatbets,ȡwltboatȡgatbetlng,ȡatoandȡtbeȡwotdȡ
ĵndΘ/sΘ¸saķ "ΘIhsΘInca/a/a//sΘ
cs·¸as,Θwblcbȡcanȡaboveȡallȡ notȡbeȡ ttanslatedȡmetelyȡasȡ¨body¨ȡ _csƥΈsǬ ,Θ allȡ
tbeȡwaysȡ ofȡspeaklngȡtbatȡ comeȡtoȡ¨tell¨ȡofȡtblsȡdlssemlnatlon.ȡTblsȡlsȡtbeȡ
passageȡ tbatȡ opensȡ tatbetȡtbanȡ closesȡwltbȡ ¨andȡyoaŨȡ atȡtbeȡhnalȡ endȡofȡ
Cs·¸as.ΘWeȡ mlgbtȡsayȡtbatȡtblsȡh nalȡandȡendlessȡpassageȡlsȡaȡ·ss¸snssΘandȡ
cottespondsȡtoȡtbeȡptogtammatlcȡannoancementȡatȡtbeȡbeglnnlngȡofȡtbeȡ
book.ȡ ¨letȡTbeteȡßeȡWtltlngȡtbeȡßody, ¨ȡ¨letȡtbeteȡbeȡwtltlng,ȡnotȡa/sa/Θ
tbeȡbody,ȡ batȡtbeȡbodyȡltself¨ȡ ,lbld. ,ȡp. ȡȗĀǣ .˰Tblsȡ¨ptogtamȡofȡmodetnlty¨ȡ
maltlplledȡltsȡbaptlca|ȡlnjanctlonsȡtoȡtbeȡpolntȡwbeteȡltȡmadeȡtbemȡsboal-
det,ȡallȡatȡonce,ȡtbeȡentlteȡtesolatlonȡandȡtbeȡentlteȡtesponslbllltyȡofȡaȡself-
dlssolatlon.ȡOnȡtwoȡpages,ȡfotȡexampleȡ,batȡweȡwoaldȡbaveȡtoȡpatsaeȡtblsȡ
tbtoagboatȡtbeȡbook) .ȡ
Wtitiug.ϞtoϞ touchϞ ouϞ exttemity.ϞAudϞhowϞisϞ oueϞ toϞ touchϞ upouϞ theϞbodyϞiu-
steadϞolϞsigui[iugϞitϞotϞmakiugϞitϞsigui[`Ϟ. . . Ϟ howϞisϞoueϞtoϞtouchϞupouϞtheϞ
body`Ϟ. . . Ϟ touchiugϞouϞtheϞbody,Ϟ touchiugϞtheϞbody,Ϟ toaching˰atϞlast-hap-
peusϞallϞtheϞtimeϞiuϞwtitiugϞ . . . . Ϟ touchiugϞtheϞbodyϞ,otϞtathetϞtouchiugϞthisϞotϞ
thatϞsiugulatϞbody)Ϟaith˰the˰incor¸orea/˰olϞ¨seuse, ¨Ϟ audϞcousequeutly,Ϟ making˰
the˰inco¸orea/˰toaching,˰ otϞtutuiugϞsense˰iutoϞaϞtouchϞ ¸ane˰toache}˰.˰
.Ϟ .Ϟ .Ϟ 8yϞ esseuce,Ϟ wtitiugϞ touchesϞ upouϞ theϞ bodyϞ . . . . Ϟ WtitiugϞ touchesϞ ouϞ
bodiesϞin˰accorĺnce˰aith˰the˰a/so/ate˰/imit˰thatϞsepatatesϞtheϞseuseϞolϞtheϞlot-
metϞltomϞtheϞskiuϞaudϞtheϞuetveϞeudiugsϞolϞtheϞlattet.Ϟ NothiugϞcomesϞtoϞ¸ass,˰
audϞthatϞisϞwheteϞitϞ touches.Ϟ ,ibid. , Ϟpp. Ϟizți,)Ϟ
ßatȡatȡtbeȡvetyȡmomentȡwbenȡbeȡseemsȡaboatȡtoȡglveȡlnȡtoȡaȡbaptlcalȡ
lnd atlon,ȡ Nancyȡknows,ȡbettetȡtbanȡanyone,ȡnotȡtoȡctedltȡ¨tbe¨ȡsenseȡofȡ
toacbȡwltbȡanyȡsemantlcȡcapltal.ȡNoneȡofȡtbeȡsensesȡlsȡassa·sd,Θ evenȡlfȡltȡ
canȡbeȡqaotedȡlnȡtbeȡstockȡmatket.ȡNancyȡoftenȡtepeatsȡtbls. ȡlȡcbooseȡtblsȡ
passageȡbecaaseȡlnȡltȡbeȡassoclatesȡaȡctltlqaeȡofȡtbeȡptesapposedȡimmsdi-
ac¸Θofȡcatnalȡotȡ spltltaalȡtoacblngȡ,wblcbȡconcetnedȡasȡ lnȡ tbeȡptecedlngȡ
cbaptets)ȡandȡaȡctltlqaeȡofȡtbeȡldeologlesȡofȡtbeȡ¨body¨ȡ,afotȡme,ȡlȡwoaldȡ
moteȡblantlyȡsayȡtbeȡ¨pbllosopblesȡofȡtbeȡbody¨) . ȡ
As ϞweϞhaveϞalteadyϞsaid,ϞtheϞ¨touch¨ϞolϞ thisϞthiukiug-theϞscalesϞolϞ thisϞ¨uetve-
metet¨Ϟ ¸¸cse-neƮ¦˰ thatϞitϞmustϞbeϞotϞitϞisϞuothiug-doesϞuotϞbelougϞtoϞauϞim-
mediacyϞthatϞisϞautetiotϞaudϞextetiotϞtoϞseuse.Ϟ ltϞis,Ϟ ouϞtheϞcouttaty,Ϟ theϞvetyϞ
limitϞolϞseuse-audϞtheϞlimitϞolϞseuseϞisϞtoϞbeϞtakeuϞiuϞallϞseuses,ϞeachϞolϞwhichϞ
bteaksϞiutoϞtheϞothetϞ . . . . Ϟ
8utϞoueϞmustϞuotϞtheteloteϞexteudϞtoϞ¨touch¨ϞtooϞsimpleϞaϞcredit,˰aud,ϞmostϞ
impottaut,ϞoueϞmustϞuotϞbelieveϞthatϞoueϞcouldϞtouchϞthe˰seuseϞolϞ¨touch,¨Ϟiu-
solatϞasϞitϞsetsϞaϞlimitϞouϞseuse,s) .ϞThisϞisϞaϞtathetϞcommouϞteudeucyϞolϞtheϞ
,
Ű·éΘ Panc/aa/isnsĿΘ ¨AndΘ¸sa.Θ"Θ
mostϞ tobustϞideologiesϞolϞtheϞ ¨body, ¨Ϟ thatϞ is,Ϟ theϞ ctudestϞ ouesϞ ,olϞtheϞ typeϞ
¨muscleĄbouudϞthiukiug¨ϞotϞ¨sactedĄheattϞthiukǻug,¨Ϟvitalo-spititualistϞlascismϞ
-with,ϞuoϞdoubt,ϞitsϞtealϞaudϞsectetϞhottotϞolϞbodies) .Ϟ ,ibid. ,Ϟpp. Ϟ|o-|i)Ϟ
Tbeȡcontlnuatlonȡofȡtbeȡsameȡcbaptetȡdesctlbesȡaȡcettalnȡ¨moblleȡ. . . ȡ ca-
tess,¨ȡtbeȡ¨toucbes¨ȡofȡpleasuteȡtaklngȡpleasuteȡlnȡ_dřansΘ¸saissancsΘqaiΘ¸sai/}Θ
tbeȡ¨yes¨ȡ ,¨tbeȡyes'ȡ ¸sai¦Θ tbatȡ¸sai/¨) ,Θandȡtblsȡ ¨consentlng¨ȡ tbatȡ notȡonlyȡ
saysȡ¸ssΘ toȡ sense,ȡ toȡ tbeȡ senses,ȡ toȡ tbeȡ¨toucbes¨ȡ amongȡtbemȡbyȡwayȡofȡ
wblcbȡtbeyȡtoucb,ȡdlvlde,ȡandȡsbateȡtbemselves,ȡbutȡalsoȡtoȡtbeȡcommlt-
mentȡofȡwboȡsensesȡlnȡwbatȡbeȡotȡsbeȡsenses,ȡtoȡblsȡotȡbetȡconsentlngȡandȡ
co-appeatanceƈȡAndȡtbete-botbȡtbtougbȡtblsȡconsentlngȡandȡtbeȡexampleȡ
ofȡtbeȡ ¨vlslble¨-tbeȡtangencyȡwltbȡMetleau-ŀontyȡotȡCbtétlenȡlsȡallȡtooȡ
obvlousȡ,fotȡexample.ȡ¨Compllclty,ȡ consentlng.ȡtbeȡoneȡwboȡseesȡcslja¸¸sa·sΘ
wltbȡwbatȡbeȡotȡsbeȡsees¨ȡ _lbld. , ȡp.ȡ |)} ) . Θßutȡbete,ȡtooȡmucbȡ/sca/Θevldenceȡ
tlsksȡconceallngȡtbeȡdis/ancsΘtbatȡsetsȡblmȡapattȡandȡtbatȡweȡateȡcontlnuallyȡ
measutlng.ȡHlsȡwtltlngȡlmplementsȡtblsȡdlsctepancy,ȡ aȡwtltlngȡtbatȡlsȡen-
gaglngȡlnȡltsȡ ¨fotm¨ȡ ,ltsȡ tone,ȡ connotatlons,ȡ setup,ȡ mlse-en-scęneȡofȡtbeȡ
scene,ȡlndeedȡlnȡob-scene.ȡfotȡtblsȡdlsctepancyȡalsoȡtutnsȡlntoȡsttongȡlan-
guageȡ _éca·/sΘdsΘ /angags}Θ andȡlnventlveȡlanguage) ,ȡbeyondȡtbeȡextetnalȡsut-
face,ȡtbeȡsuttoundlngsȡandȡwtapplngsȡofȡtbougbt.ȡTblsȡwtltlngȡsngagssΘtbeȡ
bodyȡofȡtbougbtȡandȡtbougbtȡasȡbody,ȡpteclsely,ȡfotȡwbatȡlsȡatȡlssueȡlsȡaȡself-
seeklngȡbody,ȡ aȡbodyȡtoȡtblnkȡotȡptomlse,ȡaȡbodyȡtoȡcome.ȡ
ltȡmayȡbeȡtlmeȡtoȡmakeȡaȡpolnt,ȡwblcbȡlsȡmoteȡtbanȡaȡmeteȡtecbnlcallty,ȡ
aboutȡtblsȡdlsctepancyȡandȡtbeȡdlstanceȡbetweenȡNancy'sȡcotpusȡandȡtbeȡ
wotkȡofȡallȡtbeȡotbetsȡweȡbaveȡbltbettoȡ toucbedȡon.ȡ Soȡfat,ȡ lnȡotdetȡtoȡ
matkȡoutȡtblsȡdlffetenceȡandȡtoȡptetendȡtbatȡltȡcouldȡbeȡassembled,ȡ lnȡot-
detȡtoȡ lnslst,ȡ lȡbaveȡoftenȡlnvokedȡaȡ ¨tecbnlcal¨ȡ dlmenslonȡ ,ptostbeses,ȡ
ttansplants,ȡmetonymlcȡsubstltutes,ȡ andȡsoȡfottb) .ȡ Nancy'sȡ constantȡat-
tentlonȡtoȡltȡdlstlngulsbesȡblsȡtblnklngȡonȡ¨toucblng¨ȡ,andȡtbetefoteȡaboutȡ
tbeȡtestȡasȡwell) ,ȡ ltȡseemsȡtoȡ me. ȡ ßutȡmostȡoften,ȡ notȡalways,ȡ lnsteadȡofȡ
¨tbeȡtecbnlcal,¨ȡofȡ/schnë,Θandȡ¨tecbnology¨ȡotȡevenȡ¨tbeȡquestlonȡofȡtecb-
nlcs, ¨ȡlȡ baveȡptefettedȡtoȡ quoteȡNancyȡandȡsayȡ ¨/schnëΘofȡtbeȡ body¨ȡ otȡ
¨ecotecbnlcs, ¨ȡandȡtblsȡwasȡlnȡotdetȡtoȡfollowȡblmȡandȡwatnȡagalnstȡtbeȡ
genetal-slngulatȡ,¨tbe¨ȡtecbnlcal)ȡandȡagalnstȡaȡmodetnȡdsxaΘalwaysȡptoneȡ
toȡmlsuslngȡtblsȡconceptualȡbentȡotȡallbl.ȡ lltstȡofȡallȡletȡmeȡtefetȡtoȡwbatȡ
Nancyȡblmselfȡsaysȡaboutȡtblsȡlnȡ¨AȡllnlteȡTblnklng. ¨ȡAgaln,ȡbeȡcallsȡfotȡ
vlgllanceȡasȡtegatdsȡ¨tecbnology¨ȡasȡaȡ¨fetlsb-wotd. ¨ȡAndȡtoȡplnpolntȡj ustȡ
oneȡwotdȡlnȡtblsȡtlcb,ȡnecessaty,ȡ andȡcomplexȡanalyslsȡ,wblcbȡsbouldȡbeȡ
ŘndΘ/sΘ¸saΘ"ΘIhsΘInca/a/a//sΘ
examlnedȡmoteȡclosely) ,ȡ lȡ sballȡ metelyȡqaoteȡ tbeȡ followlngȡsentenceȡlnȡ
wblcbȡweȡcanȡtecognlzeȡoneȡofȡNancy'sȡtyplcalȡgestates,ȡofȡwblcbȡweȡal-
teadyȡfoandȡaȡgoodȡnambetȡofȡeȜamples.ȡTbeȡsentenceȡconfotmsȡltselfȡtoȡ
tbeȡtyplcalȡsyntagmaȡ¨Tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡ. . . ȡ¨, ȡbete.ȡ¨Andȡtblsȡlsȡwbyȡtbeteȡ
lsȡnoȡtbe'ȡtecbnlcal,ȡmetelyȡaȡmaltlpllcltyȡofȡtecbnologles. ¨ƬȡLatllet,ȡbeȡbasȡ
matkedȡblsȡanalyslsȡwltbȡtbeseȡtwoȡotbetȡptoposltlons.ȡ¨ Tbe'ȡtecbnlca|ȡlsȡ
notblngȡ otbetȡtbanȡ tbeȡ tecbnlqae'ȡs¸Θcompensatlngȡ fotȡ tbeȡ nonlmma-
nenceȡofȡexlstenceȡ lnȡ tbeȡglven¨,ȡ ot.ȡ ¨ Tbe'ȡ tecbnlcal-andetstoodȡtblsȡ
tlmeȡasȡtbeȡessentlal'ȡtecbnlcltyȡtbatȡlsȡa/ssΘtbeȡlttedaclbleȡmaltlpllcltyȡs¸Θ
tecbnologles-compensatesȡfotȡtbeȡabsenceȡofȡns/hing,Θ ltȡhllsȡlnȡfotȡandȡ
sapplementsȡns/hing. ¨ĜΘ
/ĕ tegatdsȡtblsȡexample-anȡexemplatyȡexample,ȡpteclselyȡmoteȡtbanȡanȡ
example-lȡamȡtemptedȡtoȡapȡtbeȡanteȡaȡllttleȡmote.ȡTbeȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtǫe'ȡ
tecbnlcal¨ȡlsn'tȡj astȡanotbetȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡ. . . ȡ¨ȡamongȡotbets,ȡ otȡj astȡaȡ
sampleȡlnȡ aȡbomogeneoasȡsetles.ȡ Ratbet,ȡ andetȡtblsȡ nameȡ otȡanotbet,ȡ ltȡ
woaldȡ glveȡasȡaȡptlvllegedȡaccessȡ toȡallȡ tbeȡ ¨tbeteȡ lsȡ Ȍoȡ tbe'ȡ . . . ȡ¨ 's, ȡandȡ
tbasȡtoȡsometblngȡllkeȡtbeȡ¨essence¨ȡofȡtbeȡtecbnlcalȡ tbatȡpteclselyȡ¨tbeteȡ
lsȡ notĭ ¨ȡ Henceȡ aȡ qaasl-ttanscendentalȡ dlzzlness.ȡ lotȡ tblsȡ lsȡ tbeȡ ptocessȡ
openlngȡontoȡtbeȡposslbllltyȡofȡaȡsapplementatyȡsabstltatlon,ȡ ontoȡaȡme-
tonymyȡtbatȡcomptomlsesȡtbeȡanltyȡotȡonenessȡptopetȡofȡessences.ȡltȡlsȡbe-
caaseȡtbeteȡlsȡssmsΘ_dsΘla}ȡtecbnlcalȡ,wblcbȡtbeteȡlsȡnot)ȡtbatȡtbeteȡlsn'tȡtblsȡ
otȡtbat,ȡandȡsoȡfottb,ȡandȡtbatȡoneȡcanȡlnhnltelyȡtepeatȡotȡmaltlplyȡexam-
plesȡandȡgestatesȡtbatȡdeconsttactȡtbeȡ·s·¸Θanltyȡotȡtbeȡptopetnessȡi/ss¡Θofȡ
allȡessencesȡotȡevenȡallȡ¨belngs. ¨ȡ
Nancy'sȡ deconsttactlngȡ gestateȡ tbasȡ oftenȡ lnsctlbesȡ ltselfȡwltblnȡ tbeȡ
fotmȡofȡtbeȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡ . . . ȡ,¨ȡ andȡweȡcanȡpetcelveȡltsȡnecesslty.ȡ ßatȡ
Nancyȡblmselfȡknowsȡtbatȡoneȡbasȡtoȡaseȡcannlng,ȡmakeȡdeals,ȡ andȡnego-
tlateȡwltbȡlt.ȡTblsȡnecessltyȡcoaldȡdeptlveȡblmȡofȡanyȡconceptaalȡdetetml-
natlonȡandȡvlttaallyȡanyȡdlscoatse-otȡbandȡovetȡdlscoatseȡtoȡtbeȡmostȡlt-
tesponslbleȡempltlclsm.ȡSoctatesȡbasȡbeenȡteacblngȡasȡtblsȡfotȡtboasandsȡofȡ
yeats.ȡHeȡwoaldȡsayƦȡl 'mȡnotȡasklngȡyoaȡfotȡanȡenametatlonȡofȡtecbnlqaes,ȡ
batȡ fotȡ wbatȡ yoaȡ meanȡ toȡ sayȡwbenȡ yoaȡ tetmȡ tbemȡ tecbnlqaesȡ lnȡ tbeȡ
platal.ȡ lnȡ wbatȡwayȡateȡ tbeyȡ tecbnlqaes`ȡAndȡsoȡ fottb.ȡ Tbeȡ dehnlteȡ otȡ
dehnlngȡattlcleȡlsȡalteadyȡengagedȡotȡteqaltedȡbyȡtěeȡdlscoatseȡtbatȡdls-
patesȡlt.ȡltȡlsȡwltbȡtblsȡllmltȡtbatȡNancyȡgtapples,ȡwltblnȡtblsȡttansactlon,ȡlnȡ
tblsȡwtestllngȡmatcbȡ ofȡtblnklng.ȡ Andȡ deconsttactlon,ȡ too.ȡ No,ȡ decon-
sttactlons,ȡbecaaseȡneltbetȡlsȡtbete,ȡlnȡtbeȡhtstȡplace,ȡanyȡ¨tbe¨ȡdeconsttac-
tlon.ȡWtltlngȡtbls,ȡlȡpetcelveȡtbatȡtbeȡsyntagmaȡtbatȡbasȡlmposedȡltselfȡonȡ
:
:
z··Θ Panc/aa/isnsĝΘ ¨AndΘ ¸saʏΘ"Θ
meȡtbeseȡpastȡfewȡyeatsȡ ,otȡdecades) ,ȡevenȡd lȡ lnslstedȡonȡtbeȡmaltlpllcltyȡ
ofȡdeconsttactlons,ȡbasn'tȡbeenȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡ. . . ȡ ¨ȡbatȡ¨lfȡtbeteȡlsȡany¨ȡ
_s̻ɞΘ ¸ snΘa¦Θ ,tbeȡpateȡandȡancondltlonalȡlnȡsoȡmanyȡfotms.ȡevent,ȡlnventlon,ȡ
glft,ȡ fotglvlng,ȡwltnesslng,ȡbospltallty,ȡ andȡsoȡon-¨lfȡtbeteȡlsȡany¨) .ȡ Lacbȡ
tlme,ȡltȡwasȡnecessatyȡtoȡpolntȡtoȡtbeȡposslbleȡ,tbeȡcondltlonȡofȡposslblllty)ȡ
asΘtoȡtbeȡlmposslbleȡltselĚȡAndȡ¨lfȡtbeteȡlsȡany¨ȡdoesn'tȡsayȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnone, ¨ȡ
batȡtatbet,ȡtbeteȡlsn'tȡanytblngȡtbatȡcoaldȡmakeȡtoomȡfotȡanyȡptoof,ȡknowl-
edge,ȡ constatlveȡotȡtbeotetlcalȡdetetmlnatlon,ȡj adgment-especlallyȡnotȡ
anyȡdetetmlnlngȡj adgment.ȡltȡlsȡanotbetȡwayȡofȡlndectlngȡtbeȡ¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡ
tbe.ȡĥ

ltȡlsn'tȡtbeȡsame,ȡpteclsely,ȡ fotȡbeteȡateȡtĆoȡlttedaclblyȡdlRetentȡ¨de-
consttactlve¨ȡgestates.ȡTbeȡfactȡtemalnsȡtbatȡtblsȡmaltlpllcltyȡannoancesȡlt-
selfȡÜ ¨deconsttactlve. ¨ȡltȡlsȡnecessatyȡtoȡaccoantȡfotȡtblsȡ analogyȡotȡafhn-
lty,ȡ toȡsayȡdeconsttactlonȡ lnȡtbeȡslngalatȡagaln,ȡ lnȡotdetȡtoȡsayȡltȡlnȡtbeȡ
platal,ȡlnȡtbeȡ¨slngalatȡplatal¨ȡ -andȡexplalnȡatȡleastȡwbyȡlnȡtbeȡtwoȡsyn-
tagmas,ȡ tbeȡ¨tbeteȡls¨ȡ tatnsȡ/sΘaΘcsndi/isna/Θ,Ċlfȡtbeteȡ lsȡany¨)ȡ lnȡoneȡ ln-
stanceȡandȡtoȡaȡnsga/i·sΘmsda/i/¸Θ,¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡ. . . ȡ ¨)ȡlnȡtbeȡotbet.ȡTbeȡ¨anyȡ
_ofȡsometblngLJ ¨ ȡ_sn¦Θ ,Ċlfȡtbeteȡlsȡany¨)ȡpteclselyȡtefetsȡtoȡwbatȡtbeteȡlsȡnot,ȡ
commandedȡbyȡtbeȡdeh nlngȡattlcleȡ,¨tbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡ. . . ȡ¨).ȡSatelyȡnot,ȡnotȡ
sately.ȡOneȡcoaldȡdtawȡmanyȡaddltlonalȡconseqaencesȡftomȡtblsȡdlscasslonȡ
tbasȡsketcbed-fotȡ example,ȡ lfȡoneȡsald,ȡ fotȡallȡ tboseȡteasons.ȡ ¨Yes,ȡ batȡ
tbeteȡlsȡnoȡ/hsΘdeconsttactlonȡofȡ_/hs}Θ Cbtlstlanltyȡ_ ɡs'Θch·is/ianisms¦
Ʒ
ŚŚΘ
be-
caaseȡtbeteȡlsn'tȡandȡnevetȡbasȡbeenȡeltbetȡaȡ¨tbe¨ȡdeconsttactlonȡotȡaȡ¨tbe¨ȡ
Cbtlstlanlȡ ty.ȡ
AndȡNancyȡbasȡwtltten,ȡ moteovet.ȡ ¨Tbeteȡlsȡ tbatȡtbeteȡls.ȡcteatlonȡofȡ
tbeȡwotld¨ȡ,Cs·¸as,Θp. ȡǟū|) . Θ
let'sȡ comeȡbackȡtoȡ ¨yoa. ¨ȡToȡ ¨andȡyoa. ¨ȡToȡ ltsȡpanctaatlon-wblcbȡ
coantsȡandȡsƔc/i·sqΘdetetmlnesȡtbeȡtone,ȡ tbeȡ gestate,ȡ andȡtbeȡaddtess,ȡ
catȡsbottȡonlyȡbyȡtbeȡtallngȡtbatȡcomesȡftomȡtbeȡotbet.ȡftomȡyoa.ȡ
Howȡdoesȡtbeȡ¨andȡyoa. ¨ȡ_sicĥΘ atlseȡ,Ċyoa¨ȡfollowedȡbyȡaȡpetlod) `ȡHowȡ
doesȡtblsȡaposttopblzlngȡcomeȡtoȡcloseȡandȡsaspendȡatȡtbeȡsameȡtlmeĞ
saspendlngȡwltboatȡsaspendlng,ȡ saspendlngȡandȡ stopplngȡsbott`ȡ Howȡ
doesȡltȡcomeȡtoȡdeclde,ȡtoȡtatnȡtowatdȡ¸saΘtbeȡlastȡcbaptet,ȡwblcbȡlsȡpte-
clselyȡtltledȡ¨Cotpas, ¨ȡlnȡaȡmissΘsnΘa/¸ms`Θßyȡlntettaptlngȡaȡsetles,ȡaȡklndȡ
ofȡ¨etc. ¨, ȡbyȡlntettaptlngȡtbeȡsaspenslonȡpolnts,ȡwblcbȡnoȡlongetȡappeatȡ
asȡtbeyȡdldȡlnȡoatȡeatlletȡqaestlonlngȡofȡtbeȡ¨tactlleȡcotpas¨`¨ȡůndȡyoa. ¨ ȡ
_sic¦Θ closesȡaȡcbaptetȡtbatȡstattedȡwltbȡtbeȡtemlndetȡtbat.ȡ¨Tbeteȡl s ȡnoȡtbe'ȡ
body,ȡtbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbe'ȡsenseȡofȡtoacb,ȡtbeteȡlsȡnoȡtbeŴȡ·ssΘsx/snsa¨Θ, Nancy,ȡ
Cs·¸as,Θ p.ȡ iΖ|ɬ . Θ¨Aȡbodyȡlsȡanȡlmageȡoffetedȡtoȡotbetȡbodles,ȡaȡwboleȡcot-
ƲĉndΘ/sΘ¸saĆΘ"ΘIhsΘInca/ca/a//sΘ
pasȡ ofȡlmagesȡ sttetcbedȡftomȡ bodyȡtoȡbodyĖ ȡcolots,ȡlocalȡsbadows,ȡftagĠ
ments,ȡ moles,ȡ ateolas,ȡ balf-moonsȡ _/ana/ss¦ ,Θ h ngetnalls,ȡ bodyȡ balt,ȡ ten-
dons,ȡ skalls,ȡ tlbs, ȡ pelvlses,ȡ bellles,ȡ meatases,ȡ ftotbs,ȡ teats,ȡ teetb,ȡ foams,ȡ
clefts,ȡ blocks,ȡtongaes,ȡsweats,ȡ llqaldsȡ _/iqasa·s} ,Θ velns,ȡ palns,ȡ andȡj oys,ȡ
andȡme,ȡ andȡyoa¨ȡ ,Cs·¸as,Θ p.ȡ tc
,
) . ȡ
Lndȡo f ȡ book.ȡTblsȡmaltlpllcltyȡteslstsȡtbeȡlnh nlte,ȡl t ȡhnltelyȡteslstsȡtbeȡ
lnhǷ nlteȡandȡlnh nltelyȡcballengesȡevetyȡptesapposedȡanltyȡofȡwbatevetȡltȡ
mayȡbe-self,ȡbodyȡptopet,ȡandȡd esb.ȡAndȡofȡtbeȡband,ȡlȡwoaldȡadd.ȡßatȡ
tbeȡdecldedlyȡh nlteȡsetlesȡdoesn'tȡspteadȡoatȡlnȡaȡpatelyȡtandomȡway,ȡ fotȡ
tbatȡmattetƩȡltȡlsȡa·i//sn,Θltȡwtltesȡltselfȡsympbonlcallyȡ,sbatlngȡvolces)ȡto-
watdȡaȡ¨joy¨ȡtbatȡatȡonceȡ tecallsȡtbeȡ¨yes¨ȡofȡpleasate,ȡtbeȡ ƯsaiΘtbatȡ¸sai/. ¨Θ
Tbeȡ hnalȡ syllablesȡ openȡapȡ tbeȡ volceȡ _·six¦ ,Θ leaveȡ openȡ tbeȡpassageȡbatȡ
pattȡ tbeȡ wayȡ _·sis¦Θ tbasȡ opened,ȡ tbeyȡ pattȡ tbeȡ llpsȡ ofȡaȡ moatbȡ fallȡ
ofȡj oyȡandȡpleasate,ȡ towatdȡme,ȡ noȡdoabt~batȡlnȡtbeȡendȡftomȡmeȡtoȡ
yoa.ȡ¨ȡ . . . ȡ andȡj oys,ȡandȡme,ȡandȡyoa. ¨ȡWotds-batȡaȡmoatbȡbefoteȡotal-
lty.ȡ klsslng.ȡ Tbenȡ slnglngȡ otȡ speaklng.ȡ Tbeseȡ offetlngs,ȡ anytblngȡ andȡ
evetytblngȡwbatsoevetȡ belngȡ offeted,ȡ bodles,ȡ plecesȡ ofȡaȡ bodyȡ notȡ lnȡ
plecesȡotȡsbatds,ȡtblsȡwotld,ȡtbeseȡsbated-oatȡwotldsȡdoȡnotblngȡbatȡfelgnȡ
empltlcalȡ accamalatlon.ȡ Appatently,ȡ ltȡ lsȡ aȡ beadlongȡ contagloasȡ abanş
donedȡtbtast,ȡaȡgenetalȡcontamlnatlon, Ƴ ƻ ȡandȡyetȡevetytblngȡtemalnsȡexĠ
actlyȡcalcalated.ȡ
Fi·s/Θs¸Θa/ƝΘ lnȡ tblsȡ genetoasȡ ptofaslon, ȡ amongȡ allȡ tbeȡ glotlh edȡ glfts,ȡ
tbeteȡlsȡtbeȡ¨llmlt¨ȡandȡtbeȡ¨botdet,¨ȡwblcbȡateȡnotblng,ȡbatȡmakeȡpossl-
bleȡanyȡglftȡwbatsoevet-lfȡtbeteȡlsȡany.ȡ
Andȡ/hsnΘallȡ tbeȡwotds-soȡwellȡ cbosen,ȡ lnȡ aȡllstȡtbatȡ lsȡboandȡtoȡstopȡ
, botdetȡandȡllmltȡofȡtbeȡ¨etc.ȡ¨)-ateȡlnȡtbeȡ¸/a·aƝΘexceptȡmsiΘandȡ/si,Θ¨andȡ
me,ȡ andȡyoa. ¨ȡlȡandΘyoa-tbatȡlsȡevenȡmoteȡslngalatȡtbanȡlȡotȡyoa. ȡSln-
galatȡplatalȡslngalat.ȡ
,
.ȡ Ofȡcoatse,ȡnoneȡofȡtblsȡ takesȡplace,ȡandȡhtstȡofȡallȡ tblsȡ lntettaptlonȡ
,dlastoleȡai/hsa/Θsystole) ,ȡexceptȡbyȡtlsklngȡdeatbȡatȡevetyȡmoment.ȡTblsȡ
otbetȡbeattȡself-toacbesȡyoaȡonlyȡtoȡbeȡexposedȡtoȡdeatb.ȡWeȡ ateȡbeteȡatȡ
tbeȡ beattȡ ofȡaΘ¸ni/sΘ/hin/ing.Θ Tbeȡ beattȡ lsȡalwaysȡ ofȡaȡhnlteȡtblnklng.ȡ ltȡ
tblnks,ȡfotȡtbeȡbeattȡlsȡtbeȡplaceȡofȡtblnklngȡandȡnotȡonlyȡtbeȡplaceȡofȡfeel-
lng,ȡlove,ȡdeslte,ȡlnȡltȡaȡh nlteȡtblnklngȡlsȡtboagbt.ȡYoaȡate/lsȡalsoȡmyȡdeatb.ȡ
Yoa,ȡyoaȡkeepȡltȡfotȡme,ȡyoaȡkeepȡmeȡftomȡltȡalwaysȡaȡllttle,ȡftomȡdeatb.ȡ
Keepȡmeȡftomȡltȡstlllȡaȡllttleȡlonget,ȡ lfȡyoaȡplease,ȡj astȡaȡllttleȡlonget,ȡ keepȡ
meȡftomȡltȡasȡmacbȡasȡposslble,ȡasȡwellȡasȡposslble,ȡasȡlongȡasȡposslble.ȡ
Panc/aa/isnsʩΘ ĀAndΘ¸saŨΘ"Θ
llnally,ȡ lsn'tȡ wbatȡ tbeȡ ¨beatt¨ȡ namesȡ tbeȡ ultlmateȡ placeȡ ofȡabsoluteȡ
moutnlng,ȡtbeȡsanctuatyȡofȡwbatȡoneȡkeepsȡwbenȡoneȡcanȡnoȡlongetȡkeepȡ
anytblng-keepȡlnsldeȡoneselņȡasȡoneȡoftenȡsays,ȡtoȡnameȡwbatȡlnhnltelyȡ
exceedsȡ tbeȡlnslde`ȡTbeȡsenslbleȡbutȡ lnvlslbleȡandȡ untoucbableȡplaceȡ fotȡ
wbatȡoneȡ notȡ onlyȡkeepsȡ commlttedȡtoȡmemoty,ȡ notȡ onlyȡlnȡoneself,ȡbutȡ
lnȡyoutselfȡlnȡmyself,ȡwbenȡyouȡateȡgteatetȡstlll,ȡaȡbeattȡlnȡmeȡgteatetȡtbanȡ
myȡbeatt,ȡmoteȡallveȡtbanȡl,ȡmoteȡslngulatȡandȡmoteȡotbetȡtbanȡwbatȡlȡcanȡ
antlclpate,ȡknow,ȡ lmaglne,ȡteptesent,ȡandȡtemembet`ȡWbenȡ¨my¨ȡbeattȡlsȡ
hǰtstȡofȡallȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡotbet,ȡandȡtbetefote,ȡyes,ȡgteatetȡtbanȡmyȡbeattȡlnȡ
myȡbeatt`ȡ
lȡ tenounceȡ speaklngȡ allȡ ofȡNancy'sȡ beatt,ȡ allȡ ofȡNancy'sȡ beattsȡ , ¨cotȡ
tuumȡmondumȡestȡtotumȡtuum¨) ,ȡ andȡaskȡteadetsȡtoȡgoȡbeyondȡ¸ Rlm-
baud's}ȡ ¨Lĕstolenȡbeatt¨ȡonȡtbeltȡown,ȡatȡleastȡtoȡ¸Nancy's}ȡ ¨TbeȡHeattȡofȡ
Tblngs, ¨ ' ' ȡtoȡ¨Sbattetedȡlove, ¨ȡwblcbȡcomptlsesȡaȡsectlonȡonȡ¨TbeȡHeatt.ȡ
ßtoken. ¨İ ` ȡlnȡpasslng,ȡtbeyȡwlllȡcomeȡactossȡanȡovetabundanceȡofȡbaptlcalȡ
hgutesȡtbete.ȡ
Ē. ȡOneȡbasȡtoȡundetstandȡwbatȡlsȡbelngȡtbougbtȡaboutȡhnltudeȡlnȡtblsȡ
exttaotdlnatyȡlnventlonȡofȡaȡgtammatȡotȡaȡsyntactlcȡanomaly.ȡssΘ/sachs·Θ
/siΘandȡnotȡssΘ/sachs·ΘssiΘotȡevenȡssΘ/sachs·Θ/ai,Θ s//sΘ saΘ /'aa/·s,Θ tbatȡ ls,ȡ ¨toȡ
self-toucbȡyouťȡandȡnotȡ¨toȡtoucbȡoneself¨ȡotȡevenȡ¨toȡtoucbȡblm,ȡbet,ȡotȡ
tbeȡotbet¨ .ȡtblsȡlnventlonȡ exsctlbes,ȡltȡhndsȡaȡwayȡofȡmaklngȡwtltlngȡcomeȡ
outȡofȡltselfȡbyȡmatklngȡtbatȡyou,ȡbete,ȡwlllȡnevetȡbeȡaȡslmpleȡmedlatlonȡ
lnȡaȡteapptoptlatlngȡmovementȡofȡself-ptesence.ȡYou,ȡ mettonomeȡofȡmyȡ
betetonomy,ȡyouȡwlllȡalwaysȡteslstȡtbatȡwblcb,ȡlnȡmyȡ¨self-toucblng,¨ȡcouldȡ
dteamȡofȡtbeȡtedexlveȡotȡspeculatȡautonomyȡofȡself-ptesenceȡ,beȡltȡtbatȡofȡ
tbeȡDassin)Θ otȡofȡself-consclousness,ȡabsoluteȡknowledge.ȡTbeȡlntettupġ
tlonȡofȡtbeȡdlalectlcȡ,wblcbȡdoesȡnotȡexcludeȡtbeȡdlalectlc,ȡnoȡmoteȡtbanȡ
KletkegaatdȡevetȡdldȡatȡtbeȡbelgbtȡofȡblsȡaltetcatlonȡwltbȡHegel.ȡandȡ¨tak-
lngȡpleasute¨ȡ lsȡatȡ tbeȡ beattȡofȡtbeȡdlalectlc,ȡ saysȡNancy)ȡ lsȡyou, ȡwbenȡ lȡ
self-toucbȡyouƇȡTbatȡlsȡwbyȡlȡloveȡyou,ȡ andȡsometlmesȡsoȡpalnfully,ȡatȡtbeȡ
beattȡofȡpleasuteȡltself.ȡAndȡlfȡlȡ lnslstȡbeteȡonȡtblsȡlntettuptlonȡofȡtbeȡte-
dexlvltyȡtbatȡlsȡanȡabsoluteȡspeculatltyȡatȡtbeȡbeattȡofȡtbeȡ¨self-toucblng,¨ȡltȡ
lsȡbecauseȡonlyȡtoucbȡ ,contact,ȡcatess,ȡklss)ȡcan,ȡasȡ ¨self-toucblng-you, ¨ȡ
lntettuptȡtbeȡmlttotȡtedectlonȡlnȡltsȡvlsual-oculatȡotȡoptlcal,ȡotȡbaptlcalȡ
-dlmenslon.ȡ
łbatȡlsȡwbyȡweȡbeganȡwltbȡtbeȡklssȡofȡtbeȡeyes.ȡtbeȡmeetlngȡofȡlooks,ȡeyesȡ
tbatȡ seeȡ tbemselvesȡ lnȡ tbeȡ eyesȡ ofȡtbeȡ otbetȡsbouldȡbeȡanȡexampleȡofȡtbeȡ
ŘndΘ/sΘ¸sa.Θ"ΘIhsΘInca/a/a//sΘ
¨self-toucblng-you¨ȡandȡ beȡpattȡofȡtactlleȡexpetlence,ȡlnȡsbott,ȡtbeyȡsbouldȡ
lnvolveȡskDZn-aȡcatessȡotȡaȡklss,ȡeyesȡklssedȡbyȡeyes-lfȡdeslteȡotȡloveȡpassedȡ
tbtougbȡ tbem.ȡ ßȘtȡwbenȡweȡ sayȡ/s·s,Θ weȡ mustȡnevetȡexcludeȡftomȡlt,ȡ ofȡ
coutse,ȡtbatȡmodalltyȡca|ledȡbate,ȡjealousy,ȡdeatbȡdealtȡtoȡtbeȡotbet,ȡtoȡyou,ȡ
atȡtbeȡvetyȡmomentȡlnȡwblcbȡlȡask,ȡ¨Keepȡmeȡaȡllttleȡftomȡdeatb. ¨ȡ
lfȡ oneȡfollowedȡtbtougbȡallȡtbeȡconsequencesȡofȡ tblsȡbypet-ttanscendental-
ontologlzatlonȡ ofȡ/ac/Θ,tatbetȡ tbanȡ /saching) ,Θ oneȡ wouldȡ baveȡ toȡsayȡ ofȡ
speecbȡlnȡgenetalȡwbatȡbasȡj ustȡbeenȡ saldȡofȡslgbt.ȡonlyȡtbeȡ¨ssʔ/sachingΒ
¸sa¨Θ,andȡnotȡ¨oneself¨)ȡcanȡ lntettuptȡtbeȡteapptoptlatlonȡotȡtbeȡabsoluteȡ
ted ectlonȡofȡself-ptesenceȡ, puteȡllfeȡotȡputeȡdeatbơȡltȡlsȡalways,ȡ lnh nltely,ȡ
tbeȡ sameȡtblng) .ȡ Wbenȡ lȡ speakȡtoȡyou,ȡ lȡ toucbȡyou,ȡ andȡ youȡ toucbȡmeȡ
wbenȡlȡbeatȡyou,ȡftomȡbowevetȡfatȡoffȡltȡcomesȡtoȡme,ȡandȡevenȡlfȡltȡlsȡbyȡ
telepbone,ȡtbeȡtecollectlonȡofȡaȡvolce'sȡlndȃectlonȡonȡtbeȡpbone,ȡotȡbyȡlet-
tetȡotȡe-mall,ȡtoo.ȡßutȡofȡcoutse,ȡlnȡotdetȡfotȡmeȡtoȡbeȡtoucbedȡlnȡtblsȡwayȡ
byȡyou,ȡlȡ baveȡ toȡ beȡ ableȡ toȡtoucbȡm¸ssþΘlnȡ tbeȡ ¨self-toucblng-you, ¨ȡtbeȡ
¨self¨ȡlsȡasȡlndlspensableȡasȡyou.ȡAȡbelngȡlncapableȡofȡtoucblngȡltselfȡcouldȡ
notȡ bendȡ ltselfȡtoȡ tbatȡwblcbȡ absolutelyȡunfoldsȡ lt,ȡ toȡ tbeȡ totallyȡotbetȡ
wbo,ȡasȡtotallyȡotbetȂllkeȡallȡotbetsȡ¸csmmsΘ/sa/Θaa/·s} ɒΘlnbabltsȡmyȡbeattȡ
asȡaȡsttanget.ȡTbeteȡlsn'tȡanyȡantbtopologlcalȡllmltȡbete,ȡandȡtblsȡsbouldȡbeȡ
valld,ȡsnΘ/hsΘsnsΘhandΘfotȡallȡ¨anlmal¨ȡotȡ¨dlvlne¨ȡ/̯,Θandȡcsnssqasn/ƠΘsnΘ
/hsΘs/hs·ΘhandΘmakeȡtbeȡllfeȡofȡtbeȡllvlngȡlnȡgenetalȡaȡdetlvatlveȡconceptȡ
wltbȡtegatdȡtoȡtblsȡposslbllltyȡofȡself-toucblng-you.ȡ ,lȡdonŲtȡknowȡwbetbetȡ
Nancyȡwouldȡstlllȡgtantȡmeȡtblsȡmucbȡbete. )ȡ
ltȡlsȡnecessatyȡtoȡloveȡsnsss͉ΘsachΘs/hs·Θ_i/ΘŊa/Θs' ȡ aims·} ,Θ saysȡ evetyȡ¨lȡ
loveȡyou, ¨ȡandȡwltboutȡtblsȡ ,lmposslble)ȡ auto-affectlon,ȡwltboutȡtbeȡte-
dectedȡexpetlenceȡofȡlmposslbleȡauto-affectlon,ȡwltboutȡtbeȡotdealȡofȡtbeȡ
posslbllltyȡofȡtblsȡlmposslblllty,ȡ tbeteȡwouldȡbeȡnoȡlove.ȡ' ¹ Θltȡlsȡnecessatyȡfotȡ
usȡtoȡloveȡoutselves-eacb-otbet.ȡ¨llȡfautȡs'almet¨-yetȡanotbetȡpleceȡofȡ
goodȡ fottuneȡ lnȡ ltencbȡ gtammat,ȡ wblcbȡ putsȡ ttansltlvltyȡ lnȡ tedexlvlty,ȡ
tlgbtȡatȡtbeȡtedexlveȡfotm,ȡandȡlndlssoclatesȡtbemȡfotevet-atȡleastȡlfȡltȡ lsȡ
necessaty,ȡandȡwantlng.ȡ
Wbenceȡtbeȡall-powetfulȡloglcȡofȡnatclsslsm. ȡ notȡasȡexpetlenceȡofȡtbeȡ
gaze,ȡbutȡasȡtbeȡpalnfullyȡltonlcȡdlscoutseȡofȡtbeȡconfesslonȡtbatȡmlmlcsȡ
tbeȡapptoptlatlonȡofȡtbeȡunapptoptlable,ȡyou,ȡmyȡLcbo, ȡwbenȡyouȡtuse,ȡ
asȡlȡdo,ȡwltbȡtbeȡdlvlneȡlntetdlctlon,ȡwbenȡyouȡdecelveȡltȡlnȡotdetȡtoȡspeakȡ
lnȡyoutȡownȡnameȡandȡtoȡdeclateȡunttanslatablyȡ¸sa·Θloveȡwblleȡptetendġ
lngȡtoȡtepeatȡtbeȡendȡofȡmyȡsentences.ȡAsȡlȡbaveȡdoneȡatȡlengtbȡelsewbete,ȡ
lȡ couldȡlnvokeȡOvldȡotȡNovallsȡbete,ȡ butȡlȡ cbooseȡtbeȡlattetȡbecauseȡmyȡ
Panc/aa/isnsćΘ '' AndΘ¸sa.Θ
tbemeȡlsȡtbeȡklssȡftomȡyoa/ofȡyoa.ȡ ¨Oneȡougbtȡnevetȡtoȡconfessȡone'sȡlove.ȡ
Tbeȡsectetȡofȡthlsȡconfesslonȡlsȡtbeȡvlvl¦lngȡptlnclpleȡofȡtbeȡonlyȡttueȡandȡ
etetnalȡlove.ȡTbeȡhtstȡ klssȡ lnȡtblsȡcomptebenslonȡlsȡtbeȡptlnclpleȡofȡpbl-
losopby-tbeȡotlglnȡofȡaȡnewȡwotld-tbeȡbeglnnlngȡofȡanȡabsoluteȡetaĢ
tbeȡ actȡ tbatȡ accompllsbesȡ anȡ alllanceȡwltbȡ selfȡ _Ss//s//and¦Θ tbatȡ gtowsȡ
endless.ȡWboȡwouldȡ notȡ llkeȡaȡpbllosopbyȡwboseȡ ketnelȡ lsȡaȡhtstȡklss` ¨' ¹ȡ
ƺtetȡwblcb,ȡoneȡmustȡbastenȡtoȡspecl¦.ȡ
A.ȡ Tbeȡ ptlnclpleȡ ofȡpbllosopbyȡ lsȡ notȡ pbllosopby.ȡ Tbeȡ lattet,ȡ wblcbȡ
comesȡahetȡltsȡptlnclple,ȡmlgbtȡtbetefoteȡconslstȡlnȡnoȡmoteȡtbanȡaȡftenzledȡ
fotgettlngȡofȡtbeȡhtstȡklss.ȡ l,ȡ tbeȡpbllosopbet,ȡbypotbetlcally,ȡ tunȡtoȡcatcbȡ
tbeȡtecollectlonȡofȡtbeȡhtstȡklss.ȡWouldȡlȡhaveȡtakenȡlt`ȡWasȡltȡglvenȡtoȡme`ȡ
Andȡlȡnoȡlongetȡknowȡtbeȡdlffetenceȡbetweenȡklsslngȡ,onȡtbeȡmoutb,ȡfote-
bead,ȡ eyes,ȡandȡsoȡfottb)ȡ andȡblesslng-fotȡexample,ȡtbeȡtecollectlonȡofȡaȡ
klssȡbefoteȡtbeȡklss.ȡ
ß. ȡTblsȡ lattet,ȡ asȡ auto-heteto-affectlon, ȡlnaugatatesȡallȡ expetlence,ȡ lnȡ
pattlculatȡspeecbȡandȡtbeȡdeclatatlonȡofȡlove,ȡltȡdoesȡnotȡbtlngȡclosetȡonlyȡ
llps,ȡmyȡtwoȡllpsȡtoȡtbeȡtwoȡllpsȡandȡtoȡtbeȡtongaeȡofȡtbeȡotbet,ȡbutȡevety-
tblngȡofȡtbeȡ bodyȡ tbatȡ letsȡ ltselfȡbeȡ toacbedȡlnȡ tblsȡwayȡbyȡauto-beteto-
aRectlon.ȡfotȡexample,ȡoatȡeyes.ȡ
|. ĕNovallsȡsaysȡelsewbete.ȡ ¨Tbeȡautbentlcȡpbllosopblcalȡactȡ_sch/sΘ¸hi/s-
ss¸hischsΘA//¦Θ lsȡsalcldeȡ¸Ss//s//c/ang¦ ŵΘ tbatȡlsȡtbeȡtealȡbeglnnlngȡofȡallȡpbl-
losopby-wbeteȡevetyȡneedȡofȡtbeȡpbllosopblcalȡdlsclpleȡ _dssΘ¸hi/sss¸h-
ischsnΘǢangs·s}Θ wlllȡ leadȡ blm-andȡ onlyȡtblsȡ actȡ cottespondsȡ toȡ allȡ tbeȡ
condltlonsȡandȡcbatactetlstlcsȡofȡttanscendentȡactlonȡ _otȡttanscendental.ȡ
ds·Θ/·anscsndsn/snΘHand/ang¦ . ¨ΘƏ ` ȡ
Wbatȡtemalnsȡ toȡbe ȡtbougbtȡ/sgs/hs·Θl s ȡtbeȡhtstȡklssȡandΘsalclde,ȡ tbeȡ
ptlnclpleȡandΘtbeȡactȡofȡautbentlcȡpbllosopby,ȡ tbeltȡyoatbȡandΘtbeltȡdlscl-
pllne,ȡtbeȡactȡandΘtbeȡactlon.ȡTbeȡlmposslbleȡtaskȡofȡaȡgenetalȡbaptology.ȡ
Ȧ. ЧTblsȡȐaasi-bypet-ttanscendental-ontologlzatlonȡ ofȡtactȡ,andȡnotȡofȡ
toucb)ȡ mastȡtemalnȡpatadoxlcal.ȡltȡsxsc·i/ssΘltselfȡlnsteadȡofȡlnsctlblngȡotȡ
wtltlngȡltself.ȡlotȡtbatȡwblcbȡtoucbesȡonȡltȡotȡtbatȡaboutȡwblcbȡoneȡspeaksȡ
lnȡspeaklngȡofȡtoucbȡlsȡalsoȡtbeȡin/angi//s.Θłoȡ toacbȡwltbȡtactȡlsȡtoȡtoachȡ
wltboatȡtoacblngȡtbatȡwblcbȡdoesȡnotȡletȡltselfȡbeȡtoucbed.ȡ toȡembtaceȡ
ƲĉndΘ/sΘ¸saŦΘ"ΘIhsΘInca/ca/a//sΘ z,ĬЧ
eyes,ȡ lnȡaȡwotdȡ ,otȡ lnȡsevetalȡ wotds,ȡ andȡ tbeȡwotdȡalwaysȡbtlngsȡtoȡyoutȡ
eatȡtbeȡmodestȡtesetveȡofȡaȡklssȡonȡtbeȡmoutb) .ȡToȡ toucbȡasȡtactȡls,ȡtbanksȡ
toȡ you,ȡ becauseȡ ofȡyou,ȡ toȡ bteakȡwltbȡ lmmedlacy,ȡ wltbȡ tbeȡ lmmedlateȡ
glvenȡ wtonglyȡassoclatedȡ wltbȡ toucbȡ andȡ onȡwblcbȡ allȡ betsȡ ateȡ alwaysȡ
placed,ȡasȡonȡself-ptesence,ȡbyȡttanscendentalȡldeallsmȡ,Kantlanȡotȡ Hus-
setllanȡlntultlonlsm)ȡotȡbyȡontology,ȡ tbeȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡptesenceȡofȡbe-
lngsȡotȡofȡbelng-/hs·sΘasΘsachΘlnȡltsȡßelng,ȡtbeȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡbodyȡptopetȡ
otȡofȡdesb. ȡ
Ĕ. ȡlȡbaveȡj ustȡgoneȡtooȡqulckly.ȡ lnȡotdetȡtoȡdemonsttateȡtbatȡtbeȡgteatȡ
tblnketȡofȡtouchȡ lsȡlntetested,ȡasȡlsȡhnallyȡonlyȡtlght,ȡ lnȡnotblngȡbutȡtbeȡ
lntanglble-andȡ tblsȡ lsȡ notȡ sometblngȡelse-oneȡwouldȡbaveȡ toȡ tblnk,ȡ
onceȡagaln,ȡtoȡwelgbȡbete,ȡtoȡwelgbȡsxac/µΘwbatȡbeȡsaysȡaboutȡtbeȡtelatlonȡ
betweenȡ /hin/ingΘandȡ asighingąΘ Oneȡ wouldȡbaveȡ toȡ teadȡ andȡ medltateȡ
beteȡstepȡbyȡstepȡLsΘ¸sidsΘd'ansΘ¸snsésΘ_TbeȡWelgbtȡofȡaȡTbougbtŃȡ andȡlnȡ
pattlculatȡltsȡopenlng,ȡwbeteȡNancyȡtellsȡusȡwbatȡtoȡtblnkȡaboutȡtheȡfactȡ
tbatƢȡ¨Ltymologyȡtelatesȡtblnklngȡ_¸snsés}Θ toȡwelghlngȡ_¸ssés}Θ
_ ' I O
Exac/µ.Θ oneȡcannotȡovetempbaslzeȡtbeȡconcetnȡ tbatȡNancy,ȡ tbeȡmanȡ
andȡtbeȡtblnket,ȡbasȡfotȡsxac/i/ads.Θ Oneȡbasȡtoȡknowȡhlmȡwell.ȡƲvenȡwbenȡ
beȡovetstepsȡtbeȡbounds,ȡasȡbeȡmust,ȡandȡopensȡhlmselfȡupȡtoȡexcess,ȡtoȡ
exaggetatlon,ȡecstasy,ȡ ex-sctlptlon,ȡbeȡlsȡss/ΘonȡglvlngȡblmselfȡovetȡtoȡltĢ
beȡstandsȡbyȡlt-notȡonlyȡwltbȡtbeȡptobltyȡ,Rsd/ich/si/)Θ tbatȡheȡbasȡspo-
kenȡofȡsoȡpteclsely, Ɛ ē ȡbutȡwltbȡaȡslngulatȡexactltudeȡtbatȡlsȡnotȡnecessatllyȡ
opposedȡtoȡtlgot,ȡasȡotbetsȡbaveȡmalntalned.ȡ HussetlȡotȡHeldegget,ȡfotȡex-
ample,ȡllmltȡtbeȡexactȡtoȡtbeȡobŒ ectlveȡandȡcalculableȡfotmȡofȡquantltatlveȡ
measuteȡ,ofȡaȡ¨wbat¨) , ȡfotgettlngȡtbatȡexactltudeȡcanȡalsoȡbeȡaȡvlttueȡ,tbeȡ
telatlonȡofȡaȡ¨who¨ȡtoȡaȡ¨wbom¨) .ȡ
Nancyȡsaysȡbotb-tbeȡexactltudeȡofȡmeasuteȡandȡtbatȡofȡtheȡpetsonȡ,toȡ
Geotgesȡ _aȡmanȡpbotogtapbsȡofȡwbomȡappeatȡlnȡLsΘ¸sidsΘd'ansΘ¸snsésȵ
Ttans. Ń .ȡ ¨Youȡateȡexact¨-utmostȡptalse) .ȡ
Exac/i/adsΘbeteȡ desctlbesȡexactlyȡ ,sxac/.Θ lnȡ aȡcottectȡmannet,ȡa¸/s)Θ anȡ
acute,ȡlnclslve,ȡpteclseȡpunctuallty,ȡ asȡatȡtheȡdtlvlngȡpenȡpolntȡofȡtheȡdtaw-
lngȡ,sxac/,Θ ftomȡsxigs,Θ sxŤags.Θ toȡpusb,ȡh nlsb,ȡ tequlteȡ _sxigs·} ,Θ measute,ȡ
tule) ,ȡ tbeȡfalthfulȡpunctualltyȡofȡoneȡwboȡ commltsȡblmselfȡtoȡ beȡatȡtbeȡ
tendezvousȡsnΘ/imsΘandȡtbusȡtespects,ȡ fotȡtbatȡwblcbȡconcetnsȡ _·sga·ds}Θ
tbeȡotbetȡwbenȡlȡlookȡatȡblmȡandȡbeȡ looksȡatȡ me,ȡallȡ tbeȡdetetmlnatlons,ȡ
llmlts,ȡcontouts.ȡtbeȡmostȡexlgentȡtespectȡfotȡ/ha/ΘahiǯhΘisΘinΘqass/isnΘahsnΘ
Ű)|Θ Panc/aa/isnsćΘ ɓƻndΘ¸sa.Θ"Θ
i/ΘisΘaΘqass/isnΘs¸Θac/ingΘ¸ceȡdontȡ llȡs'agltȡquandȡ llȡs'agltȡd'agltƸ-andȡact-
lngȡsnΘ/imsĶΘwblcbȡbasȡnevetȡmeantȡallȡatȡonceȡotȡlmmedlately.ȡ
Tboseȡwboȡ ateȡlntetestedȡlnȡNancy'sȡ exactltudeȡwlllȡ ʼnndȡconʼntmatlonȡ
ofȡwbatȡlȡamȡsaylngȡatȡtbeȡexactȡtlpȡofȡblsȡpen,ȡexactlyȡacuteȡllkeȡtbeȡbeamȡ
ofȡaȡsca|eȡtbatȡlsȡasȡj ustȡasȡj ustlce,ȡfotȡexampleȡlnȡLsΘ¸sidsΘdĒansΘ¸snsésĶΘ be-
glnnlngȡwltbȡtbeȡend,ȡonȡtbeȡbackȡcovetȡofȡtbeȡotlglnalȡbook.ȡ¨Tbougbtȡ
welgbsȡexactlyȡtbeȡwelgbtȡofȡsense, ¨ȡaȡsentenceȡtbatȡsaysȡexactlyȡltsȡdis/a·-
/ancsĶΘbetweenȡ/·ansi/i·i/¸Θandȡin/·ansi/i·i/¸Θotȡevenȡ·̃sxi·i/¸,Θ fotȡtblnk-
lngȡwelgbsȡi/ss¡Θlnȡwelgblngȡwbatȡltȡlsȡwelgblng.ȡdoesȡtbougbtȡwelgbȡ. . . ȡ
tbeȡwelgbtȡofȡsense,ȡ bavlngȡtbetefoteȡtbeȡsameȡwelgbt`ȡOtȡdoesȡltȡwelgbȡ
. . . ȡ tbeȡ welgbtȡ ofȡsense,ȡ bavlngȡ tbetefoteȡ notȡ tbeȡ sameȡ welgbtȡ slnceȡ ltȡ
welgbsȡlt,ȡtbatȡls,ȡevaluatesȡlt,ȡmeasutesȡlt`ȡTbeȡanswet.ȡexactly'ȡWltblnȡtbeȡ
sameȡbook,ȡ tbeȡpbotogtapbsȡofȡCss·gssΘ ateȡexactltudeȡltse|f.ȡ ltȡlsȡexactlyȡ
blmȡ andȡltȡlsȡtbeȡexactȡlmageȡofȡexactltudeȡ tbatȡ lsȡtbeȡlaw.ȡ , Wltblnȡtenȡ
pages.ȡ ¨Tbeȡpbotoȡwasȡtakenȡj ustȡbefote,ȡexactly¨,ȡ¨Tbeȡpbotoȡsbowsȡbowȡ
exactȡyouȡate.ȡYouȡlookȡexactlyȡlntoȡtbeȡlens,ȡyouȡknowȡexactlyȡwbatȡlt'sȡa|lȡ
aboutƣȡyoutȡlmage¨,ȡ ¨Onceȡagaln,ȡ youȡlookȡsoȡexactlyȡ lntoȡ tbeȡlensȡ tbatȡ
oneȡbasȡtbeȡfeellngȡofȡbelng,ȡnotȡlookedȡat,ȡbutȡmeasutedȡwltbȡgteatȡpte-
clslon¨,ȡ ¨Youȡateȡ oneȡofȡtbeȡ mostȡexactlyȡtealȡ petsonsȡ tbatȡ lȡ baveȡevetȡ
known¨,ȡŦYouȡateȡplaylngȡyoutȡtoleȡexactly,ȡGeotges. ¨)ȡ
Ƒ Ɲȡ
Asȡfotȡblsȡmostȡexttaotdlnatyȡtecoutse,ȡtbatȡls,ȡvetyȡexactlyȡsupetlatlve,ȡ
exact|yȡexaggetated,ȡtoȡtbeȡexcess,ȡexactly,ȡtbatȡentetsȡlntoȡtbeȡexlgencyȡofȡ
exactltude,ȡbeteȡlsȡanotbetȡexamp|e.ȡ¨ IhsΘasigh/Θs¸ΘaΘ/hsagh/Θlsȡvetyȡexactlyȡ
tbeȡ lnapptoptDzabllltyȡofȡapptoptlatlon,ȡ otȡ tbeȡlmptoptletyȡofȡtbeȡptopetȡ
,ptopetȡtoȡtbeȡptopetȡltselǞȡabsolutely) . ¨ ı ¨ ȡ
Howȡcanȡanyoneȡsayȡsxac/qΘ,wblcbȡdoesȡnotȡmeanȡ¸·s¸s·q)-̣oȮΘcouldȡ
anyoneȡsayȡtbeȡlmptopetȡandȡlnapptoptlable,ȡsxac/q`ΘHowȡcanȡanyoneȡsayȡ
tbatȡsxac/q`ΘWell,ȡllkeȡblm,ȡj ustȡasȡbeȡdoes.ȡ
He,ȡ Nancy-wboȡ alsoȡknowsȡbowȡtoȡ affectȡtblsȡ ¨exactly¨ȡ wltbȡ someȡ
negatlon,ȡwblcbȡlsȡj ustȡasȡexact.ȡ¨ltȡlsn'tȡexactlyȡ. . . ȡ,¨ȡ ¨tbeteȡlsn'tȡexactlyȡ
anyȡmoteȡ. . . . ȡ ¨ȡTbeȡtwoȡ examplesȡ lȡbaveȡj ustȡquotedȡ comeȡftomȡaȡŭ))éΘ
textȡtbatȡsttangelyȡannouncesȡǣĒin/·asĶΘandȡmakesȡaȡbeattȡappeat,ȡotȡdlsap-
peat,ȡundetȡtbeȡbteast.ȡ Ofȡcoutse,ȡ ltȡlsȡalsoȡaȡpbllosopblcalȡpoemȡaboutȡ
toucb,ȡtact,ȡotȡtbeȡcatess.ȡTbus,ȡaȡpatagtapbȡlnȡǣaΘnaissancsΘdssΘssinsΘ¸Tbeȡ
ßlttbȡofȡßteasts,ȡot,ȡWbeteȡßteastsȡßegln, ȡot,ȡWbeteȡßteastsȡAteȡßotnĉ
Ttans. ń ,ƕȏȡyeatsȡaftetȡblsȡ¨beattȡttansplant,¨ȡsetlouslyȡplaysȡatȡplaylngȡoffȡ
tbeȡ bteastȡ agalnstȡ tbeȡbeatt,ȡ undetȡ tbeȡptetext,ȡasȡ oneȡsays,ȡ tbatȡtbeȡ|attetȡ
canȡbeȡttansplantedȡandȡtbeȡfotmetȡnot.ȡ
¨AndΘ/sΘ¸saΘ"ΘIhsΘInca/a/a//sΘ z) · Θ
SomethiugϞtises-itϞisϞsiuuousϞwithoutϞiusiuuatiou. Ϟ SuddeulyϞsomethiugϞisϞ
gtippiug,ϞsomethiugϞuugtaspableϞ movesϞtheϞ chest,Ϟ somethiugϞothetϞthauϞtheϞ
heatt.Ϟ HeattsϞateϞuothiugϞbutϞelasticϞ muscleϞ beatiugϞ iuϞtimeϞpteciselyˢϞ HeattsϞ
haveϞ uoϞ emotiouϞwhatsoevet.ϞWeϞ cauϞchaugeϞ heatts,Ϟ lotϞthatϞmattet,Ϟ gtaltϞaϞ
uewϞoueϞ iuϞplace,ϞaϞdeuetvatedϞheatt,ϞteadyϞtoϞ luuctiou. Ϟ8utϞweϞ cau'tϞttaus-
plautϞbteasts.ϞweϞcauϞtepaitϞaϞbteast,ϞsututeϞitsϞwouuds,ϞtemodelϞit,ϞbutϞitƊsϞstillϞ
theϞsameϞbteastϞaudϞitsϞmodulatiouϞexteudsϞtoϞtheϞscat.Ϟ
¨HeattʘϞisϞaϞuauseatiugϞwotd,Ϟ ¨bteast¨Ϟ aϞlailiugϞoue. ϞWeϞcauuot-weϞ cauϞ
ouly-sayϞitϞbadly. ˷Ȳ Ϟ
Tben, ȡlnȡtbeȡvetyȡnextȡpatagtapb, ȡlȡhndȡmyȡhdztstȡexample,ȡtbatȡls,ȡtbeȡ
negatlveȡgtammatȡofȡanotbetȡ¨exactly¨.ȡ ¨ltȡlsn'tȡexactlyȡanȡanatomlcalȡotȡ
desctlptlveȡtetm-ltȡgoesȡbeyondȡalteadyȡ. . . ȡ ltȡtoucbesȡonȡmodesty,ȡ yetȡ
wltboutȡslldlngȡtoȡtbeȡembattassedȡptoxlmltyȡofȡtbeȡtblgbsȡotȡbuttocks.ȡltȡ
doesn'tȡtoucbȡ obscenlty,ȡ otȡsbame. ȡ ltȡ lsȡ tbeȡwotdȡfotȡ modestyȡwltboutȡ
sbame,ȡyetȡltȡlsȡnotȡlmmodest.ȡ
'¿Z
Tbeȡsecondȡexampleȡbasȡmetȡotȡconhtmedȡ,bowȡluckyȡlȡamĤ)ȡallȡtbatȡlȡ
ttledȡ toȡ fotmulateȡ befoteȡ lȡ cameȡ actossȡ lt, ȡ slnceȡ theȡ beglnnlngȡofȡtblsȡ
book,ȡaboutȡanȡotlglnatyȡpetjutyȡasȡ lnevltableȡasȡ ltȡlsȡunfotglvable.ȡHeteȡ
beȡtetmsȡltȡ¨ttansgtesslon, ¨ȡaȡ¨ttansgtesslon¨ȡtbatȡ¨lsn'tȡsxac/q¨Θanyȡlonget.ȡ
Hete,ϞtheteϞisϞuoϞlougetϞttausgtessiou. ϞTheteϞisu'tϞexactþ˰ttausgtessiou,ϞilϞthisϞ
tetmϞdesiguatesϞtheϞviolatiouϞolϞaϞptohibitiou,ϞaudϞtheϞctossiugϞolϞauϞuuctoss-
ableϞlimit,ϞaudϞpeuettatiouϞiutoϞaϞsactedϞspaceϞ. . . . Ϟ ThisϞ ¸theϞviolatiou-|.ϞD. ¦ ˰
isϞwhatϞpositsϞtheϞptohibitiouϞwhileϞ tidiculiugϞaudϞbteakiugϞit. ϞAϞptiotiϞtheϞ
sttuctuteϞheteϞisϞolϞsactedϞsepatatiouϞaudϞttausgtessiveϞolleuse-whethetϞthisϞ
olleuseϞ isϞ subjectϞ toϞ coudemuatiouϞ otϞ isϞ aϞ sactih cialϞ imputityϞ whoseϞ owuϞ
wotkiugsϞmakeϞlotϞitsϞtedemptiou. Ϟ ,Heavy,Ϟ twisted,Ϟ motbidϞthoughts. ) ėǥϞ
Tbougbtȡwelgbt,ȡ tbetefote.ȡletȡusȡ htstȡtecallȡthatȡtblsȡeRectȡofȡetymol-
ogyȡcannotȡbeȡptesented,ȡ tbetefoteȡtoucbedȡ ¸nsΘ¸sa/Θ . . Θ ssΘ/sachs·}Θ exceptȡ
onȡtbeȡtlpȡofȡtbeȡtongueȡofȡcettalnȡtonguesȡandȡtlsksȡbecomlngȡunlntelllgl-
ble,ȡlnȡttutb,ȡlntanglbleȡlnȡttanslatlon.ȡßutȡtbatȡlsȡwbatȡlsȡlnȡquestlonȡbete,ȡ
asȡweȡsballȡsee,ȡlnȡotbetȡwotds,ȡtheȡlossȡofȡtbeȡldlomȡandȡtbeȡexptoptlatlonȡ
ofȡtbeȡptopet.ȡlȡptoposeȡtoȡdeh neȡasȡwelgbtȡtbatȡwhlch,ȡlnȡtouch,ȡlsȡmatkedȡ
asȡtanglbleȡbyȡtbeȡopposedȡteslstanceȡ,asȡtbeȡbtllllantȡßetkeleyȡbadȡalteadyȡ
seen) .ȡtbeȡplaceȡofȡaltetltyȡotȡabsoluteȡlnapptoptlabllltȞȡ,llmlt,ȡwelgbt,ȡ tbusȡ
hnltude,ȡandȡsoȡfottb) .ȡ ƽnableȡ toȡ followȡtblsȡ gteatȡtextȡbeteȡ stepȡ byȡstepȡ
Njndȡwotdȡbyȡwotd,ȡ asȡ oneȡnevettbelessȡsbould,ȡ lȡ sballȡgoȡqulcklyȡtoȡ tbeȡ
placeȡofȡconfesslon,ȡtbatȡplaceȡofȡaȡtblnklngȡofȡtoucbȡasȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡun-
Panc/aa/isnsćΘ ¨AndΘ¸sa.Θ"Θ
toucbableȡotȡlntanglble,ȡtbeȡvetyȡplaceȡofȡwbatȡbappens,ȡasȡweȡweteȡsaylngȡ
atȡtbeȡbeglnnlng,ȡwbenȡoneȡ/sachssΘsnşΘ/am¸s·sΘai/hΘ/hsΘ/imi/.Θtbeteȡtbeȡun-
toucbableȡbecomesȡtanglble,ȡltȡptesentsȡltselfȡasȡlnaccesslbleȡtoȡtbeȡtactlle,ȡ
lnȡtact-unhŏt,ȡ lnaptȡfotȡtbeȡbaptlcal.ȡ lnȡaȡwotd,ȡ lmposslble.ȡ ltȡlsȡlnȡtblsȡ
place,ȡtblsȡlocusȡofȡuntoucbables,ȡtbatȡaȡvowȡofȡabstlnenceȡ,evenȡbefoteȡoneȡ
keepsȡotȡbettaysȡlt)ȡownsȡtoȡttansgtesslon,ȡpetj uty,ȡ sactllege,ȡandȡunfotglvġ
ableȡptofanatlon-lnȡfaltbfulnessȡltselȠȡ tlgbtȡatȡfaltbfulnessȡltself.ȡLxactly.ȡ
lnȡ contactȡ wltbȡ tbeȡ lntanglble,ȡ tblsȡ conttadlctotyȡ expetlenceȡ ofȡtactȡ
,toucbȡwltboutȡcontact)ȡvowsȡltselfȡtoȡtbeȡconfesslon.ȡßutȡtblsȡexpetlenceȡ
canȡonlyȡbeȡtecognlzedȡlnȡtbeȡfotmȡofȡaȡpatadoxlcalȡconfesslon,ȡtbeȡavowalȡ
ofȡanȡlmposslbleȡconfesslon. ȡlnȡlt,ȡoneȡtecognlzesȡtbatȡoneȡcannotȡdoȡotȡsayȡ
otȡ tblnkȡwbatȡ oneȡ sbould,ȡ tbeteȡ wbeteȡ nevettbeless,ȡ tecognlzlngȡ lt,ȡ oneȡ
ttansgtessesȡnotȡonlyȡtbeȡfaultȡbutȡtbeȡconfesslon.ȡTbeȡconfesslonȡdoesȡnotȡ
confessȡotȡtellȡtbeȡfault,ȡltȡsa¸sΘlt,ȡdsc/a·ssΘlt,ȡ/a/ssΘi/Θsn.Θßutȡltȡalsoȡcommltsȡ
ltȡbyȡtbeȡfactȡofȡsaylngȡlt,ȡtbeȡconfesslonȡlsȡtbeȡfault,ȡltȡcommltsȡtbeȡttans-
gtesslonȡtbatȡdoesȡnotȡtakeȡplaceȡbefoteȡltȡandȡtbatȡltȡmetelyȡfelgnsȡtoȡtellȡ
lnȡtbeȡpast.ȡ Confesslonȡlsȡpetjutlous,ȡasȡ lsȡtbeȡvowȡofȡabstlnenceȡtbatȡweȡ
ptonounce,ȡdenounclngȡlt.ȡUnfotglvably.ȡ ßefoteȡconfesslngȡtbeȡlnexplable,ȡ
tbeȡconfesslonȡisΘlnexplable,ȡtbeȡlnexplableȡfault,ȡltsȡctlmeȡofȡltselfȡtoȡwblcbȡ
ltȡowns,ȡfatedȡtoȡtemalnȡlnexplable.ȡTotmentȡofȡanȡevet-tevolvlngȡtevolu-
tlon.ȡ Henceȡ tbeȡ dlzzlnessȡ ofȡtbeȡcomedyȡtbatȡabsotbsȡ evetyȡconfesslon.ȡ
Ttagedyȡofȡllesȡ lnȡ goodȡ faltb,ȡ lnctedlbleȡbeattfeltȡlles.ȡWbo-wblcbȡun-
consclous-couldȡevetȡwltboutȡlaugblngȡtblnkȡupȡaȡlleȡlnȡgoodȡfaltb`ȡ
¨letȡusȡconǚess¨.ȡ beȡdatesȡtoȡtellȡusȡtblsȡandȡglveȡblmselfȡtbeȡtlgbtȡ,otȡ
tecognlzeȡltȡfotȡblmself)ȡtoȡdtlveȡotȡtatbetȡtecallȡusȡtowatdȡtblsȡfate.ȡwltbȡ
blm-asȡbe-weȡbaveȡtoȡconfess,ȡweȡevenȡbaveȡalteady-let'sȡconfessĢ
confessed.ȡWbat`ȡWbatȡttansactlon`ȡWbatȡfuttbetȡcomptomlse`ȡ
LetϞ usϞ couless,Ϟ iustead,ϞwhatϞevetyoueϞ kuowsϞ lullϞwell.Ϟ thiukiugϞcauϞ uevetϞ
gtaspϞweighiug,ϞitϞcauϞolletϞaϞmeasuteϞlotϞitϞ¸doesu'tϞitϞtbeuϞ¨gtasp¨ϞitϞaudϞthusϞ
touchϞit,ϞtestϞit`ϞHowϞisϞoueϞtoϞmeasuteϞaϞweighiugϞotbetwiseϞthauϞbyϞweigh-
iug,ϞleeliugϞtheϞweigbt,ϞtbusϞbyϞlettiugϞweigh`ϞAudϞwhatϞdilleteuceϞisϞtheteϞbe-
tweeuϞweigh|ugϞaudϞtbiukiugϞ ouceϞtbougbtϞisϞuotϞlimitedϞtoϞsubjectiveϞtepte-
seutatiouϞ ,HegeliauϞatgumeut)`-|.ϞD.] , butϞitϞcauuotϞitsellϞweighϞupϞ¸soa¸eser]
tbeϞweight.Ϟ NotϞ cauϞweigbiugϞtouchϞtbiukiug,ϞitϞ mayϞiudicateϞaϞlewϞouucesϞolϞ
musclesϞ audϞ ueutou,Ϟ butϞ itϞ cauuotϞ tegistetϞtheϞ iuhuiteϞ leapϞ olϞwbicbϞ tbeyϞ
wouldϞsupposedlyϞbeϞtheϞplace,Ϟ suppott,ϞotϞiusctiptiou.Ϟ ,AudϞwhatϞisϞaϞleap,ϞilϞ
tbougbtϞ isϞ iudeedϞ aϞ leap`Ϟ WbatϞ sottϞ olϞescapeϞ ltomϞgtavity`Ϟ WhatϞ couutet-
ĵndΘ/sΘ¸sa.Θ"ΘIhsΘInca/a/a//sΘ Ű)/Θ
weigbt`)ϞAgaiustϞtbeseϞobviousϞttutbs,ϞtbeϞetymologist'sϞdesiteϞwouldϞb e ϞtoϞgiveϞ
usϞaccess,Ϟ atϞleastϞasϞaϞttaceϞiusctibedϞiuϞlauguage,Ϟ toϞaϞweigbtyƑweigbiugϞptop-
ettyϞolϞtbougbt,ϞwbicbϞwoulɔϞbeϞiɔeuticalϞtoϞaϞtbiukiugϞptopettyϞolϞtbeϞweƢgbtyϞ
tbiug.ė˾Ϟ
ßefoteȡcomlngȡbackȡtoȡtbeȡexttaotdlnatyȡdensltyȡofȡtblsȡpatagtapbȡ,butȡ
lsȡdensltyȡofȡtbeȡ otdetȡ ofȡtbeȡ tblnkab|eȡotȡ tbeȡwelgbable` ) , ȡletȡ meȡ sayȡaȡ
wotdȡaboutȡwbatȡ lȡ wou|dȡ baveȡ llkedȡ toȡdoȡ butȡ sballȡ notȡ do.ȡ toȡ hndȡ tbeȡ
|awȡofȡtbeȡtelatlonȡbetĆeenȡtbeȡsemantlcsȡofȡDsn/snăDan/snăCsdäch/nisΘ
,tblnklng-tbanklng-temembetlng,ȡ andȡ soȡ on)ȡ andȡ tbatȡ ofȡ¸snss·ă¸sss·-
·s¸snss·,Θ andȡ soȡ fottb.ȡ Notȡ asȡ tbatȡ ofȡaȡdoub|e,ȡbetetogeneousȡ h|latlon,ȡ
wltbȡtbeȡlnh nlteȡcompllcatlonsȡtbatȡtheyȡwou|dȡlmpottȡlntoȡwbatȡtoucbesȡ
onȡlanguageȡandȡtbougbt,ȡbutȡtbeteȡwbeteȡwbatȡweȡateȡtalklngȡaboutȡbeteȡ
lnvo|vesȡ/s/hΘssman/icsΘa/Θ/hsΘsamsΘ/imsΘ,toȡtoucb,ȡwelgh,ȡtblnk,ȡglve,ȡtbank,ȡ
genetoslty,ȡ gtatltude,ȡgtace,ȡgtavlty-and-gtace,ȡteca|llng,ȡmemotyȡwltboutȡ
memoty,ȡ glftȡwltboutȡdebt,ȡ andȡsoȡfottb-butȡletȡusȡleaveȡoffȡbeteȡwltbȡ
tblsȡlmmenseȡtask,ȡbowevetȡnecessatyȡltȡmayȡbe) .ȡTbeȡlnhnlteȡ|eapȡtbatȡsep-
atatesȡtblnklngȡftomȡwelgblng,ȡatȡtbeȡvetyȡp|aceȡwbeĄeȡtbeyȡtemalnȡlnsepa-
tableȡ,atȡleastȡlnsofatȡasȡ thoughtȡlsȡnotȡ|lmltedȡtoȡteptesentatlonȡnotȡtbeȡ
bodyȡtoȡtbeȡobj ectlvltyȡofȡneutons) ,ȡlsȡbutȡtbeȡleap,ȡlnȡtbeȡvetyȡexpetlenceȡ
ofȡtoucblng,ȡbetweenȡtbeȡtoucbableȡandȡtbeȡtoucbable,ȡatȡtheȡ|lmlt,ȡtbete-
fote,ȡbetweenȡtbeȡtoucbableȡandȡltselfȡasȡuntoucbab|eȡllmlt.ȡ ltȡlsȡtoucblngȡ
thatȡtoucbesȡonȡtheȡllmlt,ȡ ltsȡownȡ¨ptopet-lmptopet¨ȡ llmlt,ȡ tbatȡlsȡtoȡsayȡ
onȡtbeȡuntouchableȡwboseȡbotdetȡltȡtoucbes.ȡToȡ toucbȡonȡtbeȡllmltȡlsȡnot,ȡ
fotȡcontact,ȡj ustȡanyȡexpetlenceȡamongȡotbetsȡotȡaȡpattlculatȡhgute.ȡoneȡ
nevetȡtoucbesȡexceptȡbyȡtoucblngȡaȡllmltȡa/Θ/hsΘȗmi/.ΘTblsȡlsȡaȡttulsmȡtbatȡ
oneȡh ndsȡatȡwotkȡlnȡanyȡptofoundȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡ|lmltȡ ,Atlstot|e,ȡKant,ȡ
Hegel)ȡasȡwe|lȡasȡlnȡ|ocutlonsȡofȡtbeȡdsxaΘ,sucbȡasȡtbeȡoneȡtbatȡNancyȡcltes,ȡ
fotȡexample,ȡonȡtbeȡsubjectȡofȡtbeȡlexlconȡofȡh nltudeȡwbenȡltȡentetsȡ¨cut-
tent, ¨ȡevetydayȡusage.ȡ ¨Oneȡ undetstandsȡbyȡtblsȡtbatȡbumanltyȡseemsȡtoȡ
toucbȡon, ȡtoȡ comeȡ upȡagalnst,ȡsomeȡllmltsȡ. . . . ȡ ¨``ȡToȡ toucbȡ lsȡtoȡ toucbȡaȡ
botdet,ȡbowevetȡdeeplyȡoneȡmayȡpenettate,`°ȡandȡltȡlsȡtbusȡtoȡtoucbȡbyȡap-
ptoacblngȡlndehnlte|yȡtbeȡ lnaccesslb|eȡ ofȡwbatevetȡ temalnsȡ beyondȡtbeȡ
botdet,ȡonȡtbeȡotbetȡslde.ȡ
Toȡ undetscoteȡtblsȡlmposslb|eȡbutȡlnevltab|eȡlnc|uslonȡofȡtbeȡoutsldeȡlnȡ
tbeȡlnslde,ȡofȡtbeȡuntoucbab|eȡlnȡtbeȡtoucbable,ȡandȡtoȡteca|lȡtbatȡaȡcon-
slstentȡtblnklngȡaboutȡtoucbȡcanȡon|yȡbeȡaȡtblnklngȡofȡtbeȡlntanglb|eȡ,tbusȡ
ofȡtact) ,ȡlȡcouldȡh ndȡsuppottȡlnȡwhatȡNancyȡblmselfȡsaysȡaboutȡexpetlenceȡ
Panc/aa/isnsĿΘ ɁĉndΘ¸saŨΘ"Θ
andȡllmltȡonȡtbeȡsameȡpage.ȡ lnȡtbeȡnextȡpatagtapb, ȡbeȡlnȡfactȡwtltes.ȡ¨ßatȡ
tblsȡexpetienceȡtemainsȡaȡ/imi/-sx¸s·isncs,Θlikeȡanyȡexpetienceȡwottbyȡofȡ
tbeȡname. ȡltȡdoesȡtakeȡplace,ȡbatȡnotȡasȡtbeȡapptoptiationȡofȡwbatȡitȡtep-
tesents,ȡ tblsȡisȡwbyȡlȡalsoȡbaveȡnoȡaccessȡtoȡtbeȡwelgbtȡofȡtboagbt,ȡ notȡtoȡ
tbeȡtboagbtȡofȡwelgbt. ¨`Ķȡ
|astȡ as,ȡ beȡ says,ȡ ¨Senseȡ isΘtoacbing.ȡTbeȡ ttanscendental'ȡ ofȡsenseȡ ,otȡ
wbatȡisȡċontological'ȡlnȡlt)ȡ lsȡtoacbȡ. . . ȡ, ¨`ªȡso,ȡandȡfotȡtbeȡsameȡteasons,ȡ
expetienceȡisȡtoacb,ȡtbeteȡwbeteȡltȡtoacbesȡltsȡlimlts.ȡToacbȡisȡhnltade,ȡpe-
tlodĬȡOneȡcoaldȡconcladeȡftomȡtbls~atȡtbeȡtlskȡofȡgolngȡagalnstȡtbeȡtead-
ingȡ tbatȡ manyȡhaveȡdoneȡofȡNancy'sȡ wotk,ȡ beglnnlngȡwitbȡNancyȡ blm-
self-tbatȡwbatȡweȡbaveȡbeteȡlsȡanȡlttedaclbleȡtblnklngȡofȡttanscendence.ȡ
WbenȡoneȡtoacbesȡonȡtbeȡllmltȡofȡssĬΘ /saching-¸sa,Θ lsȡtbeteȡstlllȡanyȡtea-
sonȡ toȡdecldeȡ betweenȡttanscendenceȡandȡlmmanence`ȡ Comeȡnow,ȡsbowȡ
someȡtact.ȡ let'sȡleaveȡitȡbe.ȡ
Wbeteȡltȡdlv|desȡandȡex-apptoptlatesȡtoacbȡlntoȡtact,ȡtblsȡ,lntetnal/ex-
tetnal)ȡlimltȡtbetefoteȡlnsctlbesȡ,ex-sctibes)ȡtbeȡantoacbable-lntanglbleȡlnȡ
contact.ȡWbatȡoneȡdoesȡnotȡtoacbȡlsȡtbatȡwblcbȡoneȡtoacbes,ȡandȡltȡisΘ¸a·/Θ
ofȡwbatȡlsȡcalledȡtoacb.ȡwbatȡpattsȡ toacblngȡandȡdlvldesȡ ltȡmakesȡitȡbeȡaȡ
¸a·/Θgteatetȡtbanȡtbeȡwboleȡtbatȡltȡdeslgnates,ȡandȡsoȡfottb.ȡAȡpattȡofȡone-
selŇȡUndecidableȡplayȡofȡtbeȡmetonymy.ȡToȡ toacb,ȡtoȡtoacbȡblm/it,ȡisȡpos-
slbleȡonlyȡbyȡnotȡtoacblng.ȡLxpetlenceȡofȡtbeȡlmposslble.ȡOneȡtbasȡtoacbesȡ
eitbetȡ aponȡtbeȡin/angi//sΘotȡonȡtbeȡan/sacha//s,Θ dependlngȡonȡwbetbetȡ
oneȡaccentaatesȡtbeȡcanns/-toIJĎbΘotȡtbeȡmas/-not-toacb.ȡ
ßetweenȡtbeȡlntangibleȡandȡtbeȡantoacbable,ȡtbeȡdq ·ancsΘofȡtact.ȡOneȡ
migbtȡalsoȡcallȡltȡmodestyȡotȡdecencyȡǩ¸adsa·} .ΘClevet,ȡtenoanclngȡwltboatȡ
tenoanclng,ȡ ltƎsbeȡ _s//s,Θ tbatȡls,ȡ¸adsa·, Θgtammatlcallyȡfemlnlne}ȡ spteadsȡ
oatȡlts/betȡvellsȡinhnitely,ȡit/sbeȡconfessesȡandȡbettay