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These differences in goals and constraints are likely to lead realist analysts to
misjudge foreign policy outside the core. Because peripheral states possess few of the
capabilities classically associated with power politics-military power, political influence, economic resources-it is often thought that their foreign policy activity will be
similarly limited. One might well assume that their diminished capacity to influence
the outcomes of international politics together with their less immediate concern
with issues rather remote from them should dampen their willingness to expend
scarce resources

on foreign policy.

To the contrary, peripheral states are very active in foreign poliry. It is true, of
course, that their behavior patterns are somewhat different-they are more attuned
to the low politics of economic matters than to military geopolitics, for example. But
this pattern is not as strong as might be expected from the limited ability of the Third
World state to win in the issues of high politics. The inability to achieve realist goals
does not dirninish the imperatives associated with the other faces of the noncore
state. Legitimacy, for example, flows

from opposition to imperialism, not from its

defeat.

In short, though foreign policy may be inconsequential from the standpoint of
it remains absolutely critical for the goals of the noncore state.
Moreover, foreign poliry position taking will be both more important and markedly
more contentious than commentators have sometimes supposed. Far from being an
arena in which autonomous elites can afford to respond to external actors, foreign
policy is a critical component of the political program of the government and frequently a key foundation of the state itself.
As a consequence of its centrality and political importance, foreign poliry is
less prone to external influence than theory might otherwise suggest. In particular,
noncore states are frequently more intransigent than acquiescent in dealing with
great powers and international institutions. This is not because they obstinately
refuse to acknowledge the realities of international power but because they understand too well the realities of intra-national power. An overly compliant state loses
domestic legitimary. More than that, there is often a direct goal tradeoff. IMF agreements, for example, typically require cuts in state spending that accentuate problems
of state legitimacy and regime security by undermining the ability of the state to present itself as protector of the poor and mediator of class conflict. Similarly, the
anti-Western rhetoric espoused by many UN member states that has so dramatically
affected attitudes in the United States toward the UN is difficult to eliminate. It is
neither idle nor irrational but a structurally necessary element that helps to hold
together the total policy package that sustains the government.
In sum, the state that acts in international politics is the same state whose
attributes are such a central part of our study of comparative politics. Recognizing
this linkage will improve our understanding of both.
achieving realist goals,

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