Universidad de Chile Facultad de Filosofia y Humanidades Professor Andrés Ferrada.

who knows and comprehend the true nature of each character. taking in account the significant details. and the reader understood the root of Winterbourne's tormented sprit. and James went further by also presenting what his characters think about their lives. the physical world surrounding every character. is proving an experience. however it has a great importance. giving to the reader a complete sense of reality. we can see that perfectly in Daisy Miller. of truth. relevant information. life between these two continents gave to Henry James a deeper knowledge about a wide range of people that he encountered during his travels. as it is possible to see in Daisy Miller. takes a major importance. in this point is interesting to remark. Henry James led us to the psychological world of his characters.-How does the art of fiction reflect itself in Henry James’s Daisy Miller? Clearly explain the way the author translate his own theory on the novel into a fictive narration. for the reader to live. the geographical place in which the novel takes places is well-known to the author. Henry James translated his theory in his literary work by means of creating a realistic atmosphere. that James provided a privilege perspective. this could be only a biographical fact. . after James introduces us un a perfectly real context. to use it.1. that is to say a representation of a real situation. because James beforehand offered a environment. The sense of create an impression. the reader experiences Winterbourne's thoughts. James provided in an organic manner a literary construction. who was educated between the United States and Europe. that is the explanation to the reader. how the action take places. which role they play in society. in terms of who the character are.James mastered the art of portrayed and built. the way in which James creates on one hand impressions concerning the geographical settings. to see from a wider position. created by his own empirical experience. to the reader. with accuracy providing. he started his narration of the psychological world. developing the course of action. which is the product of his own experience in life. and on the other hand the psychological impression in every scene. he kept every experience. here is where the fiction begins.

slightly monotonous smile. I hope it won't keep you awake!' she said. or something!' He looked at her. smiling. and even chauvinistic vision. 'I am puzzled. this proves that she is actually a smart girl. taking the hand she offered him. that there is a simple explanation to her apparent loose behaviour. Winterbourne. it is Winterbourne's point of view. it is possible to see that Daisy is a confident. on the readers prejudices. old." she resumed in a moment. it is described that she is not only revealing her costumes. 'I hope you are disappointed. This conversation opens a misinterpretation. very smartly. what is going to happens. because what course the reader choose. Daisy is speaking about herself. spontaneous. new. about her life in America. the American. on one hand. is incapable of change the characters minds. representing. under the escort of the privileged Eugenio.'" (p. and the plans to row are revealed as just fanciful.-Determine 2 episodes from the novella illustrative of James’s promotion of ambiguity and explain how they enrich interpretation. 'a great deal of gentleman's society. that should be. that she is an innocent girl. who had this stereotype image of an American uncultivated young lady. 'Well. 'I have always had. she is giving personal details of her life to a gentleman that she barely knows. This passage of the novel allows two interpretations.the two ladies passed towards the house. 'I have more friends in New York than in Schenectady-more gentleman friends. and more young lady friends too. 2. which represents the European. in the garden of their hotel at Vevey. 21) After a late night meeting with Daisy outside the Vevey hotel in which her mother and the courier appear. of course. or disgusted. to prove her before men. She paused again for an instant. Winterbournes interprets all these features in Daisy's behaviours as an explanation. free. this conversation. freely. secure.' she said. looking straight to Winterbourne's eyes. Daisy remarks that they should go out on a boat on the lake. quite obvious to him.this produces a feeling of empaty or a feeling of despite the reader knows by intuition or common sense. they turn to do the same. In this episode. Daisy." (p.' he answered. but also. young lady. When Eugenio informs them that Randolph has gone to bed. playing the role of a woman. 10) Daisy is speaking to her new acquaintance. on the other hand. This passage shows the presence of ambiguity. is using irony. because. she was looking at Winterbourne with all her prettiness in her lively eyes and in her light. and. while she speaks. will depend only.' she said. and at the same time is not hard to think. Winterbourne here is acting as . promotes ambiguity in a subtle manner. she is flirting. "Good night. who is speaking her mind.

gave her a rich knowledge. Chopin's literary work. slavery. the reader experience a complete experience. this vision of her work. discrimination. during her literary period was misunderstood and at the same time hardly misinterpreted and rejected by the critics. to establish his opinion. make a living being a writer. which explain the modern perspective concerning Chopin's literary work. provided to the readers a sense of a global human experience. facing. on one hand each Chopin's story provides a clear vision of her historical period. Chopin remarked in her stories women courage. for instance in the story Beyond the Bayou. If we pay close attention. each character hidden intentions. that were against her society. Chopin closed relationship with that multicultural environment.. a centre of slavery. Kate Chopin's Literary creation was considered as only realism. mostly takes place in Louisiana. the psychological tension in which the main character is living. that the diversified society in which Chopin set most of her stories. who is not capable of notice that Daisy is a remarkable smart girl. every story provides a unique. these feature is provided by Chopin use of implicatures as technique in order to infer propositions. French. madness. I took an extract. . it is important to highlight. In Sabine and A very Fine Fiddle. Native American (Indian) and African. cruelty. it is possible too see. despite the ties of society. as he wanted. etc. playing as a stereotype. concerning the differences between American and European societies. “A modern scholar have remarked that Chopin was concerned with psychological realism and tried to show how people in Louisiana dealt with universal issues in agreement with e the specific values prevalent in their environment”(Gibert Teresa. how do these topics gain thematic relevance? Kate Chopin was a prolific writer who was. . American. according to Teresa Gibert article. of the message that Chopin wrote between lines in every story or novel. gave the readers the possibility to judge. that I chose (Beyond the Bayou. which is contemporary. Winterbourne is blinded by the strong charge of prejudices that his constantly carrying over his shoulders. by means of ambiguity. is quite simple and does not take in account a deep interpretation. a profound insight of the inner human experience.. poverty. As we can appreciate James played with ambiguity. It is important to mention that Kate Chopin. where several types of races lived together. supporting her family. As a common topic in the stories. life after war. however in the other hand. 2008) Many years ago. 3. etc. for instance. to think further about.Choose 3 stories by Kate Chopin (other than those discussed in class): what common topic can you discern in them? How is this topic developed and diversified in the stories? In other words. everyday life. Spanish. marked by slavery. these three short stories belong to the Bayou Folks) of the human experience.the typical mature man charmed by the young girl beauty. at the same time. James.

a type of gender slavery. besides her attempted. Journal of the Short Story in English. The Yearbook of English Studies Vol.34. A very Fine Fiddle. making her literary work a combination. if we examine the core of Chopin's work. which it could be considered." 1975. "The Ambiguities of Henry James. Nineteenth-Century Travel Writing .» 29 de July de 2008. marked by mainly by slavery. Chopin offered. takes many problematic situation. we found. 1 in JSTOR. Chopin subtle uses of semantics implicatures. References: Kate Chopin: -Gibert. apparent simple life. nevertheless. January. regarding. of her historical period. the irrational sense of right and wrong that society imposes. Teresa. developing a deep social criticism. that it reflects well-made analysis of the human insight. Chopin spoke about the complexity undergoing of every human. the wife is portrayed as a victim. The Sewanee Review Vol 83. the value. as well. While In Sabine. here in particular. that society sets for each item. Society determines value.A. this story. no.In.” 2004. by this. «The Role of Implicatures in Kate Chopin's Lousiana Short Stories. “Grotesque Encounters in the Travel Writing of Henry James. J. the reader can understand. pure. the abusive relationship between husband and wife. however. the story teach us a lesson. January 2012 -Rawlings Peter. the child perspective. 2012 Henry James: -Ward. this has to do with moral judgment. to show the complexity of the human psychological experience.

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