Pride and Prejudice was first written in 1797 under the title of First Impression.

It was later revised and published under the title Pride and Prejudice in 1813. In this novel, she exposes the illusions, self contradictions and absurdities of human being. Jane Austen's this novel is full of irony. According to professor Chivalier, The basic feature of every irony is a contrast between a reality and an appearance . He gave three types of irony . According to professor chivalier; The basic feature of every irony is a contrst between a reality and a apperance . He gave the three types of irony : Verbal Irony Situational Irony Irony of Character Ironic writers may look at the contradictions in human nature tragically or comically. Irony is the very soul of Jane Austen s novel. She uses irony to shake her major figures of their self deception and to expore the hypocricy, pretentiousness, absurdity and insanity of some of her minor figures. Andrew H.Wright rightly points out that irony in her hand is : the instument of a moral vision and not a technique of rejection Like other novels of jane Austen the theme of pride and prejudice also easily lends itself to an ironic interpretation. In pride and prejudice , we can perceive many kinds of irony, such as verbal irony, situtaional irony, irony of statement and also irony of character. Almost all characters in pride and prejudice are target of irony of Jane Austen . Even the heroine of the novel Elizabeth bennet is not exempted from irony and also hero, Mr. Darcy. Jane Austen wants to present her heroine as a real character. Therefore, she presents her heroine with flaws. Her flaw is that she is proud of her perception and also that she is prejudiced against Darcy. Jane Austen uses irony on Elizabeth in case of her pride and Prejudice but as Elizabeth is a round character. She soon realizes her faults and shed them away therefore.Darcy is also a target of irony in case of his pride. There are some characters on which Jane Austen continuously use irony throughout the novel. Main of them is Mrs Bennet, Wickham and Lady catherine de Bough. We can perceive situtational irony if there is a contrast between expection and fulfilment in a particular situatation. There are many cases of situataional irony in the novel which provides a twist to the story. For instance: When Darcy on first meeting with Elizabeth says to bingley, she is tolerable but not handsome enough to tempt me . And gets captivated by her enormous eyes and after some chapters he says,

So we can perceive situational irony in the contrast between what darcy expects and what happens. when Mrs Bennet infotms him that Netherfield park Is let at last and then she says that she is thinking of Mr bingely marrying one of her daughter. You know it is not sound and that you would never act in this way yourself . we can perceive verbal irony. Elizabeth replies. There are many cases of verbal irony in pride and prejudice for instance. She says to Darcy : . So we can perceive irony in a contrast between what elizabeth thinks about charlotte and what Charlotte does. In chapter 3 she says about Mr Darcy : Not handsome enough to dance with We percieve irony in her this statement because we know actually Mr Darcy refuses to dance with Elizabeth by saying : Not handsome enough to tempt me In chapter xi. Collins who is a follish man and she marries him just for the sake of money and security. There also applies situational irony in a conversation between Charlotte says : Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance and it is better to know as little as possible of the defects of the person with whom you are to pass your life .Mr Bennet. When we go through the novel we came to know that Charlotte marries Mr. Bennet. but it is not sound. You make me laugh charlotte.it is many months since I have considered her as one of the handsomest women of my aquaintance . Then Mr Bennet quite ironically says : Is that his design in setting here This inquiry of the bennet I quite ironical and the target of irony is Mrs. As Mrs Bennet Is target of irony so we can aslso perceive verbal irony in her many speeches. Lady catherine de bough vistis long bourn in order to ptrevent the marriage of Darcy and Elizabeth as she says to Elizabeth : And you promise me never to enter into such as engagement In this case we perceice irony in the situation because lady catherine vistis to prevent their marriage but as a result of visit she hastens their marriage. in first chapter. If there is a contrast between the real and apparent meaning of a statement. we can percieve irony from some statements of Elizabeth.

he was always the sweetest tempered. to be so honestly blind to the follies and nonsense of others Elizabeth is very proud of her perception and she claims to be a studier of characters.Reynolds who says : If I was to go through the world. Just like story proceeds characters develop irony also run through the plot of action of pride and prejudice . Thus as Jane Austen use irony on every character and all types of irony. it seems to be a part of action of the plot. We can percieve irony of character if there is a contrast between appearance and reality of a particular character. All the worlds are good and agreeable in your eyes. intricate character like Darcy. . In chapter iv Elizabeth says to Jane : You never see fault in anybody. we can pereive irony in staements of Elizabeth because in reality Darcy is not like that what she thinks. Elizabeth prejudice against Darcy is also ironical because afterwards she realises that she is false and shed away her prejudice. With your good sense. most generous hearted boy in the world If we compare thses two statements . Charlotte and Wickham. The Bingely sisters hate the Bennets for their vulgarity but are themselves vulgar.and your defect is a propensity to hate everybody In chapter xviii she listened remarks about Darcy by Mrs. It seems to be iroincal because her pride is wrong and she fails to understand. I could not meet with a better. Irony of character in pride and prejudice is very prominent.

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