Salvaging the Concordia
What happens now to the massive lump of steel that sits partially submerged o the coast of Italy? Salvage workers can begin operations once rescue e orts have been declared over. But how they will remove the ship is still questionable.
News and events — visually
Removing the oil
The ﬁrst priority would be to pump the 2,400+ tonnes of oil and other lubricants from the stricken ship.
Hole in hull adjacent to fuel bunkers Double-hull: Three-centimetrethick steel plate
Isolating valve: Attached to the landing plate. “Cam lock” hose ﬁtting
The method of making a connection to an existing pressure vessel without having to empty the vessel. This means on that a pipe or tank can continue depending to be in operation while weather. maintenance or modiﬁcations are being done to it. The process is also used to drain o pressurized casing ﬂuids.
Pumping ld the oil cou e tak
Hot-tap device is backed out and valve closed, reducing the amount of oil that escapes to a minimum.
lieve Experts be risk is little there fuel leak of a major ould at w th te the contamina rea. cenic a s
Suction hose: Steam injection system and hose secured to cam ﬁtting — diver opens valve.
Patching e ort begins to temporarily repair damage below the water line. Water can then be pumped out.
Landing plate: Holes drilled and threaded through outer hull plating. The landing plate is installed to enable equipment to be bolted into place. A crane and cables are used to right the ship.
Hot-tap device: Bolted to cam ﬁtting. Valve opened — hydraulic drill penetrates the hull plating and bunker tank.
Oil pumped to recovery barge. When oil reaches the surface, it is passed through an oil-water separator.
Winches tighten the wires and roll the ship upright.
A more drastic approach, the ship can be cut up into smaller pieces.
An air bag can be used to assist the crane.
Sources: Smit Salvage; Titan Salvage; Graphic News; Wikipedia
Heavy duty cables run around the hull and are attached to a crane.
A “preventer” is anchored to the sea bed.
The pieces can then be towed away by smaller boats.
SUSAN BATSFORD, GRAPHICS EDITOR, TWITTER @SBATS1; INFOGRAPHIC BY TARA CORRAN/QMI AGENCY