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Introduction to Valve Technology

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Part 2 – Valves Request Criteria
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mechanical joints. 2. 5. 4. ANSI Class or PN size of valve NPS (inches) or DN (mm) valve ends (flanged. or globe.© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client The following information shall be provided by the client. . or gate. …) design code or standard rating pressure. 3. buttweld ends and schedule number) material of the valve body and internal parts 6. as a minimum : 1. type of valve (ball. threaded.

Diameter Nominal Size 8 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 DN Nominal Pipe 1/4” 3/8” 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1-1/4” 1-1/2” 2” 2-1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” NPS • • .Size Nominal Size • Nominal size is a convenient number. It is not generally related to the manufacturing dimensions.© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client – 4 .34. The relationship between inside diameter (ID) and nominal pipe size is given by Annex ‘A’ of ASME B16. integer or simple fraction which approximates the actual size.

00 10.87 9.00 25.00 4.25 15.75 25.75 7.87 14.25 Class 600 900 0.25 2.75 12.50 26.00 12.00 19.00 5.00 1.37 1.00 23.37 5.00 6.00 22.50 3.50 3.00 4.50 0.50 0.37 .© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client – 4 .00 19.00 87.50 2.37 13.50 27.62 4.50 18.75 1.50 0.25 2.00 6.12 1.00 6.25 300 0.50 0.00 29.75 1.50 26.75 5.25 25.62 2500 0.25 21.25 13.00 15.12 1.25 1.50 2.75 7.37 28.00 20.75 17.75 1.00 6.50 19.00 8.69 0.25 17.25 17.62 9.75 5.37 7.25 8.00 27.75 10.50 2.00 17.25 17.00 13.25 2.00 20.00 23.50 1.87 4.12 15.00 4.87 12.00 8.25 15.25 21.00 12.25 23.87 2.75 11.87 1.00 1.00 14.25 23.25 20.25 1.50 3.50 0.00 2.00 10.00 2.37 0.12 1.25 1.62 24.25 29.87 3.00 10.87 3.Annex ‘A’ Nominal Pipe Size 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1-1/4" 1-1/2" 2" 2-1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 22" 24" 26" 28" 30" 150 0.37 18.00 1.00 21.00 400 0.87 3.50 2.00 5.00 4.62 21.50 0.50 3.00 1.Size ANSI B16.75 16.00 5.00 1.00 5.00 8.62 16.37 11.25 14.56 0.87 16.69 0.62 19.87 4.87 2.25 27.12 12.34 .87 2.00 13.00 13.50 9.87 1.44 0.50 10.50 14.00 7.00 12.25 1500 0.37 1.75 1.00 2.00 2.75 24.00 8.25 19.00 24.12 22.25 1.37 11.75 22.75 1.

) 150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500 4500 PN (bar) 20 50 68 100 150 250 420 760 According to API 6A API Class (lb./in2) Maximum Rated Pressure (bar) 2.© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client – 3 .000 207 5.000 1.000 345 10.Ratings Nominal Pressure Nominal Pressure is a convenient round number for reference purposes. According to ANSI B16.000 138 3.000 1.000 690 15. .380 All equipment of the same nominal size DN (nominal diameter) and designated by the same PN (nominal pressure) shall have compatible mating dimensions.34 ANSI Class (lb. PN according to DIN (Deutsche Industrie Norme) does not exactly correlate to ANSI pressure class and may vary significantly.034 20.

© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client – 4 . bar. and tubular. casting. plate. the working conditions.34 and in the relevant ASTM specifications. and durability requirements. Materials may be obtained in a variety of forms including forging.Material Material Selection • • • Material selection is generally made by the end-user rather than the valve supplier. • . Materials for the body and internal parts are selected according to the type of the fluid. The valve body and bonnet (pressure containment parts) are constructed of materials listed in ANSI B16.

Carbon Steel Killed Carbon Steel Crome-Moly Alloy Steel Nickel Low-Alloy Steel Austenitic Stainless Steel Duplex Stainless Steel Martensitic Stainless Steel High-Moly Austenitic Stainless Steel Nickel Alloys High Temperature Service Low Temperature Service Very High Temperature Very Low Temperature Corrosive.© 2006 OMB Valves Material Selection Pressure/Temperature Ratings Materials are grouped in ASME-ANSI B16. Cryogenic Corrosive (gas and oilfield) Corrosive (API 6A) Corrosive.34 where the same pressure/temperature ratings apply. Seawater Special Corrosive Applications . The primary types of materials used for valve body along with their common service applications are listed below.

(3) Not to be used over 700°F. (4) Leaded grades shall not be used where welded or in any application above 500°F. it is recommended that killed steels containing not less than 0.Material Ratings Each material classification below has limitations. the carbide phase of steel may be converted to graphite. A105 (1)(6) A216 Gr. Permissible. . LF2 (1) A515 Gr. 1 (3) A675 A696 A672 A672 Br.34 . C Gr. (2) Not to be used over 850°F. WCB (1) A350 Gr. but not recommended for prolonged use above 800°F. 70 (1) A516 Gr. B70 (1) Gr. (6) Only killed steel shall be used above 850°F. 70 (1)(2) A537 Cl. C70 (1) (1) Upon prolonged exposure to temperatures above 800°F. (5) For service temperatures above 850°F.© 2006 OMB Valves Material Selection ANSI B16.10% residual silicon be used. The note references in brackets following the material classification refer to the notes below. 70 (1)(4)(5) Gr.

34 for Standard Class and Special Class. Intermediate pressure ratings may be considered: pressure rating and wall thickness shall be determined by linear interpolation. radiographic and ultrasonic tests) may be designated as Special Class.e. Special Class • • • Pressure/temperature ratings are specified by ASME-ANSI B16. • • . Special Class valves may be used for more severe working conditions (higher temperature or higher pressure) in the limits of the tables of the standard.© 2006 OMB Valves Material Selection Standard Class vs. for each group of materials. Flanged end valves are rated only as Standard Class. Welded end valves which successfully pass the non-destructive examinations required by the Standard Class (i.

520 2.110 10.055 7.980 8.280 4.350 2.560 4.705 3.610 1.280 3.995 2.570 1.170 2.200 3.© 2006 OMB Valves Material Standard Class — ANSI B16.640 1.970 1.095 1.600 1.625 5.220 1.170 5.230 1.505 8.430 860 430 4500 11.34 Selection Working Pressures (psig) 150 285 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 300 740 675 655 635 600 550 535 535 505 410 270 170 105 50 400 990 900 875 845 800 730 715 710 670 550 355 230 140 70 Temp. (°F) -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 Class 600 900 1.545 770 .845 9.315 1.440 5.200 1.470 5.990 7.210 8.170 4.510 1.120 9.065 1.990 4.795 1.010 2.235 805 515 310 155 1500 3.075 1.735 2.340 860 515 260 2500 6.060 1.560 6.475 4.665 2.375 3.900 1.430 2.270 1.780 2.010 825 535 345 205 105 1.025 1.685 2.

(°F) -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 Class 600 900 1.015 3.250 11.780 5.250 1.690 10.715 5.250 6.485 10.34 Selection Working Pressures (psig) 150 290 290 290 290 290 275 270 265 240 200 130 85 50 25 300 750 750 750 750 750 715 700 695 630 515 335 215 130 65 400 1.400 1.140 2.© 2006 OMB Valves Material Special Class — ANSI B16.785 1.285 2.495 3.215 1.750 3.425 1.005 645 385 195 1500 3.250 10.470 3.000 1.260 1.500 2.000 1.070 645 320 2500 6.000 1.940 5.545 1.250 4.000 1.750 3.250 1.070 535 4500 11.303 670 430 260 130 2.825 5.250 1.785 1.500 2.250 11.000 950 935 925 840 685 445 285 170 85 Temp.250 6.250 5.250 1.570 1.405 9.390 1.250 6.750 3.500 2.500 2.250 11.250 1.250 6.250 11.080 1.100 2.150 2.930 965 .500 2.450 7.750 3.565 3.750 3.670 1.890 1.

butt welded ends .threaded .mechanical joints • limited to small size (usually 2”) limited to small size (usually 2”) .flanged .© 2006 OMB Valves Information from the Client – 5 Valve Ends Valve Ends • Valve ends are determined by the client and must be appropriate for connecting the valve to the pipe. They may be : .socket welded ends .

© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Flanged Ends • Client to advise of flange facing style – flat facing (FF) – raised facing (RF) – ring type joint (RTJ) • Main applicable standards – ASME-ANSI B16.5 – MSS SP-6 2” 1500 Gate after Cryo test .

25 2” 1500 Gate Pressure seal 3/4” 600 Check .© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Butt Weld Ends • Client to advise pipe schedule number • Main applicable standard – ASME ANSI B16.

20.1 – JIS and other modified version are used in niche markets .© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Threaded Ends • Used for small size valves usually up to 2” • Main applicable standard – ANSI B1.

Australian standards and other modified version are used in niche markets – Recently updated to increase tolerances (OD dimension larger) .© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Socket Weld Ends • Used for small size valves usually up to 2” • In case of ball valves may require a nipple extension to avoid ruining of soft seat when welding to pipe • Main applicable standard – ANSI B11.1 – JIS.

and to provide free issue drawing (unless differently agreed) for valve end machining.© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Mechanical Joints • Proprietary design not covered by intl standards • Client to advise supplier of mechanical joints. reference number. .

the hubs. • The clamp fits over the two hubs. and the seal ring rib ensures proper seal alignment. and a clamp assembly. • As the hubs are drawn together by the clamp assembly. • The seal ring resembles a ‘T’ in cross section. .© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Mechanical Joints • A mechanical joint has three components: a metal seal ring. the seal ring lips deflect against the inner sealing surfaces of the hubs.

© 2006 OMB Valves Valve Ends Mechanical Joints for Offshore Applications • Main Advantages – smaller and lighter than flanged connections – faster and easier make up than flanged connections – maintains metal/metal seal in the most severe services. not requiring periodic re-tightening – internal pressure reinforces the seal 16” 2500 class .