gaicani 366

saqarTvelo 2 0 1
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GET TO KNOW
GEORGIA

Cveni lamazi da saintereso qveynis saxelwodeba „saqarTvelo
momdinareobs „qarT“ Zirisagan, rac uZveles satomo sa­xels „qarTu,
kardu, xaldu-s ukavSirdeba. geografiuli Tval­­sazrisiT, saqarTvelo
bareobs da odiTgan dasavleTisa
evropisa da aziis gzagasayarze mde­
da aRmosavleTis civiliza­ci­ebis damakavSirebel xids warmoadgenda.
mdidari da mravalferovania saqarTvelos flora da fauna.
saqarTvelos erovnuli kultura viTardeboda qveynis istoriasTan
erTad. qarTuli folklori, polifoniuri simRera dauviwyar
STabeWdilebas tovebs nebismieri erovnebis adamianSi.
SevecadeT, am kalendarSi, TqvenTvis mokle cnobebi mogvewodebina
sqarTvelos Sesaxeb, dagveinteresebineT misi kulturiTa da
istoriiT, gvinda, survili gagiCinoT da ewvioT mis yvela kuTxes.
gaatareT 2012 wlis 366-ve dRe saqarTvelosTan erTad da
gaicaniT saqarTvelo!
bednieri da saintereso weli gqonodeT!

The name of our beautiful and interesting nation in Georgian, ‘Sakartvelo’, stems from the root ‘kart’ linked with the ancient tribe named ‘kartu, kardu, khaldu’.
From geographic point of view Georgia is located on the
crossroads of Europe and Asia and from ancient times it played
the role of a bridge between the Western and the Eastern civilizations.
Georgia’s flora and fauna are rich and diverse. The national
culture of Georgia accompanied its historic development. Georgian folklore and polyphonic singing makes unforgettable impression on a person of any nationality.
In this calendar we tried to furnish you with succinct notes
on Georgia and to stir your interest with culture and history of
Georgia as well as to spark your interest to visit every corner of
this country.
Spend all 366 days of 2012 with Georgia and get acquainted
with Georgia!
We wish you a very happy and interesting New Year!Editorial
staff

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gaicani saqarT

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gaicani saqarTvelo 366 dRe _ 2012
_
Get To Know Georgia 366 Days 2012

gamomcemeli Sps `gamomcemloba ustari~
ideis avtorebi: nona mamiseiSvili

Tamar naWyebia
saredaqcio jgufi: Tamar bodokia, nona mamiseiSvili,

manana baliaSvili, Tamar gelovani,

mariam wiklauri, daviT kikolaSvili.
dizaineri: maka comaia
inglisuri Targmani: guram abaSiZe

garekanze gamoyenebuli fotoebi:
daviT xizaniSvili (baTumis porti)
daviT abramiSvili (svaneTi)
paata vardanaSvili (gudauri, TuSeTi)

Publisher: Ustari Publishing Ltd
Idea: Nona Mamiseishvili

Tamar Nachkebia
Editorial Group: Tamar Bodokia, Nona Mamiseishvili,

Manana Baliashvili, Tamar Gelovani,

Mariam Tsiklauri, David Kikolashvili.
Designer: Maka Tsomaia
Translator: Guram Abashidze
Cover images: David Khizanishvili (Batumi sea port)

David Abramishvili (Svaneti)

Paata Vardanashvili ( Gudauri,Tusheti)

ISBN 978-9941-9201-8-9
© maka comaia, Tamar bodokia, nona mamiseiSvili 2012
© gamomcemloba `ustari~ 2012
Tbilisi, 2012 weli

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

axali weli
qarTul saxalxo-religiur dResaswaulebs Soris mni­
Svne­
lovani adgili eTmoba Zveli wlis gacilebisa
da axali wlis dadgomis ceremonials. axali wlis
Sexved­
ris rituali warmarTuli droidanaa cnobili.
sarwmunoebriv SexedulebaTa cvalebadobis mixedviT
icvle­boda axali wlis Semosvlis dro da ricxvi. axali
wlis pirvel dRed 1 ianvari XVII saukunidan dawesda.
axali wlis Sexvedras saqarTveloSi garkveuli wesi
hqon­
da, romelSic mniSvnelovani adgili ekava magiur
elementebs: Tofis gasrolas, CiCilaks, mekvles, saaxalwlo
sufrasa da leqs-simRerebs. yovelive zemoT CamoTvlili
miiCneoda momdevno wlis ganmavlobaSi bednierebisa da
materialuri keTildReobis ganmsazRvrelad.

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kvira
sunday

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

New Year
Among the Georgian folk holidays important role was played
by ritual of seeing off of the old year and welcome of the
New Year. The ritual of New Year celebration was known
from heathen times. According to the faith affiliation of the
people, timing and date of New Year celebrations changed.
January 1 as the first day of the New Year was established in
XVII century. New Year festivities in Georgia had their specific
features which included elements of majic: rifle shooting,
chichilaki (Georgian Christmas tree), mekvle (first guest in
the New Year), New Year feast and poems and songs. All the
above-mentioned was considered to bring happiness and
material well-being in the New Year.

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maia gogotiSvilis foto
PHOTO by MAIA GOGOTISHVILI

2

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

gozinayi
gozinayi saaxalwlo sufris erT-erTi mniSvnelovani
nugbaria. gozinays, ZiriTadad, nigvzisgan amzadeben. ojaxSi
tradiciulad erT adamians evaleba am sadResaswauloritualuri tkbileulis damzadeba. gozinayisTvis arCeven
Ria feris did, jansaR lebnebs, Txlad Wrian, xalaven da
ramdenimejer aduRebul da gaciebul TaflSi ureven,
Semdeg abrtyeleben xis dafaze da rombul naWrebad
Wrian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gozinaki
13.00.

Gozinaki is one of the mandatory and the most important
confections on the New Year supra (table party). Gozinaki
was predominantly made of walnuts. Traditionally, one
member of a Georgian family was assigned to make this
ritual holiday confection. To prepare Gozinaki sound lightcolored big kernels of walnuts which are cut in minute thin
particles would be picked, then toasted and mixed in the
thick of honey several times boiled and cooled, then the
whole matter would be flatten on the wood tray and cut in
diamond-form pieces.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2012

yanwi
qarTuli sufra sasmisebis mravalferovnebiT gamoirCeva.
yanwis gareSe warmoudgenelia sadResaswaulo sufra:
qorwili, naTloba... arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad
dgindeba, rom qarTvelebi gansxvavebul sasmisebs jer kidev
legendaruli kolxeTisa da iberiis samefoebis arsebobis
periodidan iyenebdnen. yanwi, Rvinisa da aryis sasmeli
rqa, mzaddeboda jixvis, xaris, kameCis, gareuli Txisa da
sxva cxovelis rqisagan. rqas gamoxarSaven, gaasufTaveben
da gaTlian, Semdeg moWedaven, morTaven vercxlisa da
Zvirfasi metalis varayiT; xSirad specialur sadgamze
amagreben. yanwi ojaxis Zvirfas sagvareulo reliqviad
iTvleba da Taobidan Taobas gadaecema.
Kantsi
Georgian formal dinner (supra) is noted for its multifarious
character. It is impossible to imagine celebration supras,
like wedding or baptism parties, without Kantsi (drinking
horn). Archeological excavations provide evidence that the
Georgians have been using various drinking vessels since
the era of legendary Colchis and Iberia kingdoms. Kantsi
– a horn specially prepared for drinking wine and chacha
(Georgian vodka) – was usually made from ram, goat, bull,
ox, aurochs and other beasts’ horns. Horns were usually
boiled, cleaned, peeled and set with silver and precious
metal gilt ends. Often Kantsi was put on a special stand.
Kantsi would be considered a precious family relic in Georgia
and would be passed on from generation to generation.

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samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

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oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

ilia meore
uwmindesi
da
unetaresi,
sruliad
saqarTvelos
kaTolikos-patriarqi, mTavarepiskoposi mcxeTa-Tbilisisa
da mitropoliti biWvinTisa da cxum-afxazeTisa, ilia
meore daibada 1933 wlis 4 ianvars. eriskacobaSi igi
iyo irakli giorgis Ze RuduSauri-SiolaSvili. misi
mSoblebi iyvnen giorgi RuduSauri-SiolaSvili da
natalia kobaxiZe. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqia 1977 wlis 23 dekembridan.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Ilia the Second
13.00.

Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia, the Archbishop of
Mtskheta-Tbilisi and Metropolitan Bishop of TskhumAbkhazia and Bichvinta, His Holiness and Beatitude Ilia II was
born on January 4, 1933 as Irakli Gudushauri-Shiolashvili.
His parents were Giorgi Gudushauri-Shiolashvili and Natalia
Kobakhidze. Since December 23, 1977 he has served as
Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia.

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baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

prezidentis rezidencia
saqarTvelos prezidentis oficialuri rezidencia
mde­
bareobs Tbilisis Zvel ubanSi, avlabarSi. sasaxlis
mSenebloba daiwyo 2004 wels. oficialurad gaixsna 2009
wlis 12 ivliss. proeqtis avtorebi arian arqiteqtorebi
giorgi baTiaSvili da mikel de luCi (italia). mTeli
kompleqsi ganlagebulia 22000m2 farTobze, aqedan 1500 m2
uSualod sasaxles ukavia. sasaxlis gumbaTi damzadebulia
germaniaSi da Sesrulebulia sam ganzomilebaSi, moxrili
SuSiT. gumbaTi qarTveli arqiteqtoris vaxtang zesa­
Svilisa da italieli arqiteqtoris franko Zegaris
erTob­livi namuSevaria.

5

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Presidential Palace
The official residence of the President of Georgia is located
in the old neighborhood of Tbilisi, Avlabari. Construction of
the Palace was launched in 2004. It was officially opened
on 12 July, 2009. Designers of the Palace building are
architects Giorgi Batiashvili and Michele de Luci (Italy). The
whole complex is situated on the space of 22 000 sq. m of
which the Palace itself occupies 1500 sq.m. The dome of
the Palace was manufactured in Germany and made in three
dimensions with tilted glass. The dome is a joint creation of
Georgian architect Vakhtang Zesashvili and Italian architect
Franco Dzegari.

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18.00.

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zaza qardavas foto
PHOTO BY ZAZA QARDAVA

6

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

xaWapuri
qarTuli samzareulo erT-erTi umdidresia mTel
msofli­oSi. qarTuli sufris mSvenebaa xaWapuri. xaWapuri
yveliani puria, pirvelad is dasavleT saqarTveloSi
gamoacxves, Semdeg ki mTel saqarTveloSi gavrcelda. dRes
mas saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela kuTxeSi amzadeben. arsebobs
misi ramdenime saxeoba: imeruli xaWapuri, megruli
xaWapuri, aWaruli xaWapuri, svanuri xaWapuri _ kubdari,
raWuli xaWapuri _ baWulebi, osuri xaWapuri _ xabizgini.
xaWapuris comis dasamzadeblad saWiroa xorblis fqvili,
safuari, wyali, cotaodeni rZe da marili. coms mozelen
da aclian amosvlas. SigTavsi yvelis, kvercxisa da karaqis
erTobliobaa.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Khachapuri

14.00.

The Georgian cuisine is one of the richest in the whole
world. The pride and joy of the Georgian feast is khachapuri.
Khachapuri is a cheese pie and first it was cooked in Western
Georgia wherefrom it expanded in the whole Georgia. Today
it is baked in nearly every corner of Georgia. There are
several types of khachapuri: Imeretian, Megrelian, Ajarian,
Svan khachapuri called kubdari, Racha khachapuri called
bachulebi, Ossetian one called khabizghini. The ingredients
of the dough for khachapuri are wheat flour, yeast, water,
small amount of milk and salt. Dough is kneaded and left to
rise. The filling of khachapuri is the mixture of cheese, eggs
and butter.

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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goga Canadiris foto
Photo BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

Soba
qristes Soba beTlemSi grigorianuli kalendriT 7
ianvars, iulianuri kalendriT ki -_ 25 dekembers aRi­
niSneba.
saqarTvelos
marTlmadidebluri
eklesia
xelmZRvanelobs grigorianuli kalendriT da qristes
Sobas 7 ianvars dResaswaulobs. Zveli qarTuli tradi­
ciiT, am dRes saqvelmoqmedo msvlelobebi ewyoba, rome­
lsac `alilo~ ewodeba.

7

SabaTi
SATURDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Christmas
Nativity of Christ in Bethlehem is celebrated on January 7
on the Gregorian calendar, while according to the Julian
calendar Christmas is celebrated on December 25. The
Georgian Orthodox Church is guided by the Gregorian
calendar and celebrates Christmas on January 7. As the
ancient Georgian tradition goes, charity mass walks in the
streets called Alilo are held this day.

13.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

8

kvira
sunday

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

Tamada
qarTuli sufra warmoudgenelia Tamadis gareSe. Cveule­
briv, maspinZeli Tamadad irCevs pativsacem adamians,
romelic sufris Tadarigis mcodned da mWevrmetyvelad
iTvleba. sufris daniSnulebis (qorwili, Zeoba, qele­
xi
da sxv.) mixedviT, Tamadas evaleba tradiciuli sadRe­
grZeloebis warmoTqma, smis wesebis, sufris wesrigis,
cekva-simRerisa da lxinis mTeli msvlelobis marTva.
Tamada sufraze ZiriTadi figuraa. sityva `Tamadis~
irgvliv azrTa sxvadasxvaobaa, magram yovelTvis igi
ukavSirdeba sufris Tavis, gamZRolis cnebas. man pirvelma
unda Sesvas sasmisi da daagemovnos axali kerZi; mas unda
usmendnen da emorCilebodnen kidec. Tavis mxriv, Tamada
unda zrunavdes, rom yvelam kargad moilxinos.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tamada
15.00.

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18.00.

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It is impossible to imagine Georgian supra (feast) without
Tamada (a toastmaster). Usually, a host nominates Tamada
from a number of respected guests. Tamada knows the
succession of wassails at supra and is an eloquent orator.
Depending on the goal of supra (wedding party, son birth
celebration, kelekhi (sombre supra after burial) and others),
Tamada is expected to introduce traditional toasts as well
as regulate the rules of imbibing wine, order at the table,
singing and dancing and overall the whole process of
revelling. Tamada is the central figure at the feast. There are
various opinions on the role of Tamada, but by any stretch
he leads the table party and the toasting. He is supposed
to drink first and taste new dishes; he should be listened to
and followed up as well. On the other hand, Tamada should
take all efforts necessary to ensure that all members of the
feast enjoy it.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

sadRegrZelo
qarTuli tradiciuli sufra warmoudgenelia sadRegrZe­
loebis gareSe. saqarTveloSi sufris kultura aTas­
wleulebis ganmavlobaSi yalibdeboda. aRsaniSnavia, rom
Tamadas aqvs lxinisa Tu Wiris sufris warmarTvis mkveTrad
gansazRvruli wesebi, romelSic sadRegrZeloebis xa­
siaTi, raodenoba da Tanamimdevroba, lamis, kanonikis
rangSia ayvanili. qarTuli sufra qristianuli litur­
giis analogiaa. RvTis sadidebelsa da mSvidobis
sadRegrZeloebs mihyveba maspinZeli ojaxis, sufris yvela
wevris sadRegrZeloebi, moigoneben gardacvlilebs. .sufra
sruldeba RvTismSoblis sadidebliT _ yovladwmidas
sadRegrZeloTi. gansakuTrebul sadRegrZelos gansxva­
vebuli sasmisiT miirTmeven.

9

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Toasting
The traditional Georgian supra (feast) is impossible without
toasts. The culture of table parties evolved during centuries
in Georgia. It is noteworthy that Tamada has strict rules
of leading festive (keipi) or somber (chiris) supras where
succession of toasts, their types and number and the whole
process as well have been raised to canonical importance.
The Georgian supra is a clone of a Christian liturgy. It pursues
the Glory of the Savior and toasts to peace; then come
wassails to the host family, every member of the table party,
the deceased to be remembered. The supra concludes with
wassail to the ‘Holy Mary’. Special toasts are taken with
different drinking vessels.

15.00.

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18.00.

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daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

10

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

svanuri koSkebi
svanuri koSkebi gegmaSi ZiriTadad oTkuTxa formisaa
da simaRliT daaxloebiT 20 metrs ar aRemateba. isini
oTx an xuTsarTuliania, iSviaTad gvxvdeba nakleb an
metsarTulianic. bolo sarTuli yovelTvis sabrZolo
daniSnulebis iyo. arsebobs ori ZiriTadi tipis svanuri
koSki: qudiani da salodiani, romlis nimuSebic mcire
raodenobiT SemorCa. es koSkebi erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdeba
feriT, zomiTa da wyobis principiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Svan Towers
13.00.

Svan Towers are the symbol of Svaneti. The height of a tower
is about 20 meters.Each tower has four or five levels with a
windowed upper part.The last floor was for fighting purpose
only.It was used as a sentry post. In case of approaching
danger a fire was lit on the main tower.As soon as this flame
was noticed on the nearest tower they lit a fire there as well.
This process was repeated on and on until the entire gorge
was instantly ready to fight. All Svan Towers look different by
its color,size and structure

14.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

bakuriani
zamTris kurorti, bakuriani, borjomis xeobaSi, Tria­
leTis qedis CrdiloeT kalTaze, zRvis donidan 1700 m-ze,
mdinare bakurianis wylis napiras mdebareobs. igi
msoflios erT-erTi ulamazesi samTo kurorti da
saerTaSoriso mniSvnelobis samTo-saTxilamuro centria.
bakurianis mSvenebaa koxtagora, sadac agebulia saTxi­
lamuro tramplini. koxtagoridan kargad Cans kavkasionis
mwvervalebi. bakurianSia dakrZaluli qarTveli olim­
pieli, mocigave nodar qumaritaSvili, romelic 2010
wels vankuverSi, zamTris olimpiadaze tragikulad dai­
Rupa.

11

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bakuriani
Winter resort Bakuriani is located in the Borjomi gorge, on
the northern slope of Trialeti plateau, on the altitude of 1700
meters above sea level, on the bank of Bakuriani river. It
is one of the most beautiful winter resorts in the world and
winter skiing center of international profile. The beauty of
Bakuriani is Kokhtagora (Cute mount) where a ski jump is
erected. From Kokhtagora one can vividly see summits of
the Greater Caucasus mountains. Here in Bakuriani is buried
Nodar Kumaritashvili who was a Georgian luger. He suffered
a fatal crash during a training run for the 2010 Winter
Olympics competition in Vancouver, Canada, on the day of
the opening ceremony.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

12

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

tixruli minanqari
tixrul minanqars TvalsaCino adgili uWiravs Sua
saukuneebis qarTul xelovnebaSi. misi yvelaze gamorCeuli
nimuSi xaxulis xatze SemorCenili minanqaria Tavisi
zomiTa da Sesrulebis doniT. qarTuli tixruli
minanqris koloriti gansxvavdeba sxva qveynebis tixruli
minanqrisgan. qarTuli minanqari gamoirCeva meti kontras­
tulobiTa da dapirispirebuli ferebiT, aseve axasiaTebs
ferTa siuxve da siRrmiseuli gamWvirvaloba. qarTuli
minanqris nimuSebi mxolod VIII saukunidan mogvepoveba.
amJamad qarTuli tixruli minanqari agrZelebs ganvi­
Tarebas; iqmneba Tanamedrove xelovnebis nimuSebi. cno­
bilia fokas monastris Tanamedrove skola.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Porcelain Enamel

14.00.

Porcelain enamel was an important item in Georgian art of
Middle Ages. Its most outstanding specimen in terms of
size and mastership is enamel preserved on Khakhuli Icon.
The traits of the Georgian porcelain enamel work differ from
that of other nations. It is distinguished by wider extent of
features and contrasting colors as well as patchwork of
colors and deep transparency. The excavation finds of
Georgian porcelain enamel are dated from VIII century.
Nowadays the Georgian porcelain enamel art continues its
development; specimens of today’s art are created by the
artists. The contemporary school of Phocas monastery is
well known.

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K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

CiCilaki
saqarTvelos eTnografiul yofaSi sicocxlis xis varian­
tebi farTodaa gavrcelebuli da CiCilakic miCneulia
am xis erT-erT simbolod. igi, rogorc xvavrielobis
simbolo, mzaddeboda wlis ganaxlebis dResaswaulze.
moWridnen Txilis momsxo joxs, gaaxurebdnen cecxlze
da iwyebdnen burbuSelas aclas iqamde, sanam mTeli Rero
ar daifareboda safariT, egreT wodebuli `basilis~
wverebiT. gavrcelebuli yofila agreTve am xis morTvamokazmva, sxvadasxva sagnebiT -_ samkaulebiT, nakeTobebiT,
xiliT, Wreli windebiT, feradi abreSumis ZafebiT.
CiCilakis gavrcelebis areali dasavleT saqarTvelo
iyo. amJamad, is axali wlis erT-erT simbolod mTel
saqarTveloSia miCneuli.

13

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Chichilaki
In the ethnographic setting of Georgia the variants of Tree
of Life are widely distributed, and Chichilaki is considered
to be one of its symbols. As a symbol of abundance, it was
made for the holiday of renewal of the year. A thick branch
of a hazelnut tree would be cut and warmed on the fire
and shaved until the whole pole was covered with curled
branches called ‘Basil’s beard’. It was also popular to
decorate this Tree with different items – necklaces, trinkets,
fruits, motley socks and colored silk threads. The area of
Chichilaki distribution covered Western Georgia. Nowadays
it is popular in the whole of Georgia and is considered to be
one of the symbols of the New Year.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

14
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

kalandoba
maSin, rodesac mTeli msoflio axal wels weliwadSi
erTxel zeimobs, marTlmadidebeli qsristianebi mas
2-jer, Zveli da axali stiliT (1 da 14 ianvars) aRniSnaven.
gurulebi ZveliT axal wels kalandas uwodeben. kalanda
laTinuri sityvaa da axali wlis pirvel dRes niSnavs.
guruli tradiciis Tanaxmad, kalanda aRiniSneba CiCilakis
morTviT, xis TefSze awyoben xaWapurs, Roris Tavs,
tkbileuls, Rvinos da bednierebisa da keTildReobis
sadRegrZelos svamen. gurulebis rwmeniT, ragind mSrali
zamTari iyos, kalandobas mainc moTovs da es rwmena
yovelTvis marTldeba. 13 ianvris Rames guriaSi sul
Tovs. ase Semodis guriaSi “`namdvili axali weli~.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Calandoba

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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While the whole world celebrates coming of the New Year
once, Orthodox Christians celebrate it twice, on January
1 and January 14, stemming from the old and the new
style (Julian and Gregorian) calendar. The residents of the
province of Guria dubbed the old-style New Year Calanda.
The word ‘Calanda’ originates from a Latin word ‘Calendae’
which means the first day of the months and the New Year.
As the Gurian tradition goes, Calanda is celebrated by
decoration of chichilaki (a ritual item in the form of a tree),
laying the table with khachapuri (cheese pie), boiled pig
head, sweeties and wine on a wooden platter, and offering
toasts with wishes of happiness and well-being to each other.
As the Gurians believe, no matter how dry the winter may be,
it will snow on Calandoba and this belief always comes true.
On the night of January 13 it always snows in Guria. This is
the way of how the ‘true’ New Year comes to Guria.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

bedoba (kuCxa)
qarTuli tradiciis mixedviT, 15 ianvari bedobis dRea.
dasavleT saqarTveloSi (guria-samegreloSi) mas kuCxas
uwodeben. am dRisTvis irCeven mekvles (fexads), anu
adamians, romelic ojaxSi pirveli Seadgams fexs axali
wlis dadgomis mere. mekvlem unda moitanos saCuqari
(tkbileuli), gaisrolos Tofi da daanTos buxari,
raTa bedniereba daabedos ojaxs. am tradicias eZRvneba
qarTuli moklemetraJiani filmi “`kuCxi bedineri~.

15
kvira
sunday

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Bedoba (Kuchkha)
According to the Georgian tradition January 15 is the Day of
Bedoba (luck). In Western Georgia (Guria – Samegrelo) this
day is dubbed Kuchkha. Especially for this day people pick
“mekvle”, a non-family member individual making the first
step in a household after coming of the New Year. “Mekvle”
should bring gifts (sweeties), trigger a shotgun and set
fire to a fireplace to bring luck to a family. The Georgian
documentary Kuchkhi Bedineri is dedicated to this tradition.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012

16

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

qarTuli Teatri
mefe erekle II-is karze dafuZnebulma qarTulma Teatrma
1795 wels arseboba Sewyvita, radgan Teatris mTeli
dasi krwanisis tragedias Seewira. naxevari saukune
daWirda qarTuli profesiuli Teatris aRdgenas. ma­
namde Teatraluri warmodgenebi imarTeboda aris­
tok­
ratebis ojaxebSi. 1850 wlis 14 ianvars, Tbilisis
gimnaziis SenobaSi (dRevandeli I sajaro skola), daidga
giorgi erisTavis komedia _ `gayra~. speqtaklSi Tbilisis
warCinebuli moqalaqeebi monawileobdnen, Tavad avtori
somexi sovdagris, mikirtum gaspariCis rols asrulebda.
1856 wels, mefis ruseTis mTavrobis gadawyvetilebiT,
Teatri daixura. mudmivi Teatri 1879 wels aRdga. dRes
msoflios Teatraluri scena warmoudgenelia qarTuli
Teatris gareSe.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian theatre
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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The Georgian theatre founded at the court of Erekle II,
ceased its existence in 1795, since the whole troupe of the
theatre sacrificed themselves to Krtsanisi tragedy. It took
half a century to revive Georgian professional theatre. Before
that theatre performances took place in the households
of nobles. On 14 January, 1850, in the building of Tbilisi
Gimnasium (today the first public school #1) was staged a
comedy of Giorgi Eristavi ‘Divorce’. Distinguished citizens
of Tbilisi took part in the performance headed by the author
himself, acting as Armenian merchant, Mikirtum Gasparich.
In 1856 by the decision of the Russian government, theatre
was shut down. Permanent theatre was re-established in
1879. Today the world theatre scene would be unimaginable
without Georgian theater.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

TrialeTis kultura
TrialeTis kulturis Zeglebad iTvleba umTavresad
yorRanuli samarxis (gorasamarxis) kultura, romelic
brinjaos xanas ganekuTvneba. es periodi meryeobs Zv.w.
III-II aTaswleulebs Soris. mdidruli da kargad nagebi
yorRanebi tomTa beladebsa da warCinebulebs ekuTvnoda,
momcro da Raribuli ki _ mosaxleobas. samarxebSi
aRmoCenilia WurWeli (Tixa da liToni), iaraRi (spilenZi,
brinjao da sxva), samkaulebi (oqro, vercxli), romelTa
Soris mravali unikaluria Tavisi mniSvnelobiT. ga­
suli saukunis 30-ian wlebSi aq arqeologebma sxva
umniSvnelovanes masalasTan erTad aRmoaCines vercxlis
Tasi, romelmac sayovelTao interesi da aRtaceba gamo­
iwvia. Tasze Weduri wesiT Sesrulebulia saritualo
scenebi. misi simaRle 10.8 sm-ia, piris diametri -_ 9,9 sm.

17

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Trialeti Culture
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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The monuments of Trialeti culture was known for its tumulus
(stone mound) burials belonging to the Bronze Age era.
This period spreads between III-II millennia BC. The tribal
chiefs and nobles were interred in large and very rich and
neat tumuluses and smaller and poorer ones were used for
general population. The burials were rich with utencils (clay
and metal), weaponry (bronze and other), necklaces (gold
and silver), among the artifacts many are one-of-a-kind. In
the 30-ies of the last century archeologists along with other
most important artifacts unearthed a silver chalice which
caused universal interest and admiration. Ritual scenes were
engraved on the chalice. Its height is 10.8 cm and diameter
of the rim – 9.9 cm.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

18

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

qarTuli oqromWedloba
qarTuli oqromWedlobis klasikur epoqad XII-XIII
saukuneebia miCneuli. swored am periodisaa xaxulis
karedis xati. xaxulis triptiqoni, xaxulis RvTismSoblis
xati, Tavdapirvelad xaxulis monasterSi (dRes Turqe­
Tis teritoriazea) iyo daculi. XII saukuneSi es sas­wau­

moqmedi xati daviT aRmaSenebels gelaTis monasterSi
gadmoubrZanebia, sadac is xelaxla mouWedavT. xaxulis
karedi araerTxel gauZarcvavT. misi centraluri,
mSoblis xatidan, Cvenamde moRweulia mxolod
RvTis­
RvTismSoblis mominanqrebuli saxe da xelis mtevnebi.
xaxulis karedi udidesia tixruli minanqris Zeglebs So­
ris. gaxsnil mdgomareobaSi misi zomaa 147X202 sm.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian goldsmithing
Classical Era for Georgian Goldsmithing is considered to be
the XII-XIII century. Khakhuli Triptych belongs to this period.
“Triptiqon” of Khakhuli, an Icon of St. Mary, was originally
housed in the monastery of Khakhuli, (now territory of
Turkey). In the XII century the wonder-working icon was
transfered to Gelati Monastery by David the Builder, where
it was refurbished. Triptych Khakhuli was robbed multiple
times. Only the face and the hands remain of the central
icon of Virgin Mary. Triptych Khakhuli is the largest in size
amongst many Triptych monuments. In the unfolded state its
dimensions are 147 X 202 cm.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

naTlisReba
qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesia mdinare iordaneSi
ioane naTlismcemlis mier qristes monaTvlas 19
ianvars aRniSnavs. dResaswauls meorenairad samebis
gancxadeba hqvia, radgan mxolod am dRes mogvevlina
dedamiwaze samebis TiToeuli wevri erTdroulad.
sruliad saqarTvelos patriarqis ilia II iniciativiT,
jvardawerili wyvilebis mesame Svils patriarqi naTlavs.
naTlobis rituali weliwadis sxvadasxva dros religiur
dResaswaulebze imarTeba. dReisaTvis patriarqs aTeul
aTasobiT naTluli hyavs. am iniciativam saqarTveloSi
Sobadobis ricxvi sagrZnoblad gazarda.

19

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Epiphany
The Georgian Orthodox Church commemorates the
Baptism of Christ in the Jordan river by John the Baptist on
January 19. Alternative name for the feast is ‘Statement of
the Trinity’, since this is the only day when all three members
of the Holy Trinity appeared on earth simultaneously. On the
initiative of the Patriarch of all Georgia, Ilia II, the Patriarch
baptizes the third child of couples married in the church.
The ritual of baptism is held in different periods of a year
on ecclesiastical feasts. Today the Patriarch has tens of
thousands of god-children. This initiative has considerably
increased the number of births in Georgia.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

20
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

gudauri
samTo-saTxilamuro kurorti gudauri mdebareobs
kavkasionis samxreT ferdobze, zRvis donidan 2196 metrze.
igi saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi kurortia. zamTarSi
msoflios mravali qveynidan uamravi turisti Camodis.
sezoni aq dekemberSi iwyeba da aprilamde grZeldeba.
zamTris kurortebs Soris, gudauri TbilisTan yvelaze
axlosaa. amitomac, SabaT-kviras gudaurSi gansakuTrebuli
xalxmravlobaa.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gudauri
13.00.

The ski resort Gudauri is located on the southern slope of
Greater Caucasus mountains, on the altitude of 2196 above
sea level. It is one of the most beautiful resorts of Georgia.
In winter it hosts numerous tourists from many countries
of the world. Tourist season here starts in December and
continues until April.
.
.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

sno (stefanwmindis raioni)
snos cixesimagre, igive RuduSauris cixe, erT-erT ulamazes
nagebobas warmoadgens, igi dgas md. snoswylis marjvena
napirze, kldeze da strategiuli TvalsazrisiT xeobis
Camket funqcias asrulebs. agebulia XVI-XVII saukunebis
mijnaze xevis mouravis, Siola RuduSauris dakveTiT. cixe
popularuli iyo xalxur zepirsityvierebaSic. mTavar
dominants galavanSi moqceuli oTxkuTxa, zemoTken
Seviwroebuli koSki warmoadgens.

21
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Sno (Stepantsminda district)
Sno fortress is located on the embankment of the river
Snotskali that is the right tributary of the river Tergi. It is
erected on a barely accessible rocky hill in the village of
Sno From the strategic point of view it represented closing
function of the valley .It was built in the XVI-XVII centuries by
the valley head Shiola Gudushauri’s order. Sno fortress was
very popular in Georgian folk.The fortress has a circular wall
with a pyramid shaped tower in the middle.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

22
kvira
sunday

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

yazbegis erovnuli parki
yazbegis erovnuli parki kavkasionis qedis Crdilo
kalTebze, istoriul xevSi mdebareobs. yazbegis daculi
teritoriebi wyvetili ubnebisgan Sedgeba; misi saerTo
farTobi 8707 heqtaria. yazbegis erovnuli parki
mTlianad maRalmTiania. misi yvelaze dabali wertili
zRvis donidan 1400 metrzea, yvelaze maRali ki 33004100 m-is farglebSi meryeobs. yazbegis erovnuli parki
maRali mTis ekosistemebis dacvis mizniT Seiqmna. misi
reliefi rTulia, mTagoriani da Zlier danawevrebuli.
mravalferovania yazbegis erovnuli parkis flora da
fauna. aq gavrcelebulia 1347 saxeobis mcenare, maTgan
26 % endemuria.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Kazbegi National Park

14.00.

Kazbegi National Park is located in the historical gorge of
the northern slope of the Caucasus range.The territory of
Kazbegi Protected Areas is fragmented with a total area of
8707 ha.All of the Kazbegi National Park is mountainous.
Its lowest part is located at 1400 m above sea level and the
upper one is within 3300-4100 m.Establishing of Kazbegi
National Park serves the purpose of protection of the high
mountain ecosystems. National park is rich in flora and
fauna .1347 species of plants can be found in this floristic
zone, 26% of them are endemic.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

TrialeTis axalqalaqi (walkis raioni)
mdebareobs raionuli centidan 5 km-Si, sof daS-baSSi.
naqalaqari erT dros erismTavarTa rezidencia iyo. aq
imyofeboda didi istorikosi vaxuSti batoniSvilic,
rodesac qvemo qarTlis gamgebeli brZandeboda. dRes
naqalaqarSi SemorCenilia ori Zegli: RvTismSoblisa da
wm. giorgis eklesiebi, romlebic warwerebis mixedviT
X-XI saukuneebs ganekuTvneba. warwerebSi moxseniebulni
arian baRuaSTa gvaris warmomadgenlebi. gansakuTrebiT
yuradRebas iqcevs wm. giorgis eklesia, romelic `Tavisufali jvris~ tipis Senobaa da moxdenili proporciebiT
gamoirCeva. taZarze ramdenime saintereso reliefia, maT
Soris frTosani mamakacis (mTavarangelozi) gamosaxuleba
da samxreTis sarkmlis morTuloba, sadac `golgoTis
jvarTan~ erTad gasxivosnebuli jvaria warmodgenili.

23
orSabaTi
MONDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Akhalkalaki of Trialeti (Tsalka district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Located in the village of Dash-bash, some 5 km from district
center. One time the location of the ruins were the seat of
the rulers. Here was stationed also great historian Vakhushti
Batonishvili, when he was governor of Kartli. Today the ruins
still include two monuments: churches of Virgin Mary and St.
George, which according to inscriptions descend from X-XI
centuries. Inscriptions mention representatives of the family
of Bagvashi. The most noteworthy is church of St. George
which is a ‘free-cross’ type of building standing out for its
elegant proportions. There are several interesting basreliefs on the church, including an image of a feathered man
(Archangel) and ornamentation of southern window where
along with the ‘Cross of Golgotha’ we see also a cross with
a halo.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

24
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

Tbilisis legenda
Tbilisis warmoSoba xalxma vaxtang gorgaslis saxels
daukavSira. dRes Zlevamosili mefis qandakeba metexis
platodan gadahyurebs mis mier daarsebul qalaqs. arsebobs
legenda _ erTxel, vaxtang gorgasali Tavisi amaliT
sanadirod brZandeboda. monadireebs xoxobi afreniaT,
xoxbisTvis mimino daudevnebiaT. male orive frinveli
Tvals mohfarebia da dakargula. didi xnis Zebnis Semdeg,
mtkvris marjvena napirze, miwis gulidan amomdinare
wyaroSi orive Cafufquli upoviaT. wyali cxeli da
surnelovani yofila. vaxtangs aq sataxto qalaqis aSeneba
da Tbili wylebis gamo misTvis „tfilisis“ darqmeva
ubrZanebia. mefe ver moeswro dedaqalaqis mcxeTidan
TbilisSi gadmotanas. vaxtangis brZaneba misma Svilma,
daCim, aasrula. manve ganasrula qalaqis mSenebloba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Legend of Tbilisi
15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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People linked the foundation of Tbilisi to the name of
Vakhtang Gorgasali. Today the monument of a powerful
king overlooks the city he founded from Metekhi plateau. As
the legend goes, once upon a time, king Vakhtang Gorgasali
and his circle were hunting. The hunters released a falcon
which went after a pheasant. Soon both birds were lost from
sight and hidden. After big search,on the right bank of river
Mtkvari they found both birds fallen into the hot-water spring
where they died from burns. The water was hot and had a
smell. Vakhtang seems to have ordered to build here a royal
town and residence and named it ‘Tbilisi’ (warm location).
The king did not live long enough to move the capital from
Mtskheta to Tbilisi. Vakhtang’s decision was implemented
by his son, Dachi, who also completed construction of the
city.

zaza qardavas foto
PHOTO BY ZAZA QARDAVA

2012

hereTi
saingilo, istoriuli hereTi, saqarTvelos samxreT-aRmo­
savleTiT mdebareobs. saingilo 1921 wlidan kaxis, zaqaTa­
lisa da belaqanis raionebiT azerbaijanis farglebSia
moqceuli. XVIII saukuneSi aq gabatondnen lekebi; maT,
iranisa da TurqeTis daxmarebiT, moaxerxes qarTvelebis
didi nawilis gamahmadianeba. gamahmadianebul qarTvelebs
uwodebdnen `iangilos~, rac Turqulad niSnavs `axals~ _
`axal morjulebuls~, saidanac warmosdga `ingilo~, am
mxares ki `saingilo~ ewoda. saingiloSi bevria qarTuli
taZari, maT Soris gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs qurmuxis
wm. giorgis taZars, romelic XIII s. ganekuTvneba.

25

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Saingilo
Saingilo which is a historical Georgian province of Hereti
is located in the southeastern part of Georgia. Since 1921
Saingilo has been part of Azerbaijan and includes the
districts of Kakhi, Zakatala and Belakani. In XVIII century the
Lezgian tribes (Dagestanis) prevailed on this territory. With
the help of Iran and Turkey, the Lezgians could convert most
of the population here to Islam. The Muslim Georgians here
were called ‘Iangilo’ which in the Turkish language means
‘new convert’ where the word ‘Ingilo’ comes from, while
the territory was called Saingilo. There are many Georgian
churches, but among them St. George Cathedral in Kur­
mukhi dating from XIII century has a standout importance.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

26

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

ikorTa (goris raioni)
ikorTis centralur-gumbaTovani taZari Sua saukuneebis
qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis erT-erTi saukeTeso Zeglia.
aSenebulia XII saukuneSi. istoriuli wyaroebiT ikorTa
gviani Suasaukuneebidan qsnis erisTavTa sakuTrebaa. aq
arian dakrZaluli 1659 wlis kaxeTis ajanyebis meTaurebi:
elizbar da Salva erisTavebi, biZina ColoyaSvili.
taZris fasadebi da kar-sarkmlebi mdidruladaa Semkuli.
sainteresodaa gadawyvetili gumbaTis morTuloba. inte­
rierSi moxatulobis fragmentebia. ezoSi aris sasaxlis
nangrevebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ikorta Church (Gori district)
Ikorta Church of the Archangel is one of the earliest
examples of the XII century Georgian domed churches.
Historical sources tell that here are buried the great Kakheti
commanders which made 1659 y uprising. The artistic
significance of the church is increased by the superb
ornamentation of its exterior walls and the contemporary
murals preserved in the interior.Due to its diversity and high
artistic mastery the Ikolta ornamental decoration is justly
considered one of the great achievements of mediaeval
Georgian sculpture.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
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K NOW GEORGIA

goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

faravnis tba
faravnis tba mdebareobs samxreT saqarTveloSi, nino­
wmindis raionSi, javaxeTis zeganze, abul-samsarisa da
javaxeTis qedebs Soris mdebare qvabulSi, zRvis donidan
2073 m-ze. igi yvelaze didi tbaa saqarTveloSi. tbis
sarkis farTobi 37,5 km2-ia, maqsimaluri siRrme _ 3,3
m. igi zamTarSi iyineba, yinulis sisqe 47-dan 73sm-mde
meryeobs. tbaSi Caedineba patara mdinareebi, xolo misi
samxreTi nawilidan gaedineba md. faravani. gadmocemis
mixedviT, wmida nino saqarTvelos gasaqristianeblad
javaxeTidan Semovida da faravnis tbasTan SeCerda. swored
aq mdebareobs Ria trapezi, sadac sazeimo wirva-locva
aRevlineba. 27 ianvars sruliad saqarTvelo ninoobas
aRniSnavs.

27
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Paravani lake
Paravani lake is located in southern Georgia, in Ninotsminda
district, on Javakheti plateau, in the structural basin between
ranges of Abul-Samsari and Javakheti, at the altitude of
2073 m above sea level. It is the biggest lake in Georgia.
Its surface area is 37,5 sq. km and maximum depth 3,3 m.
The lake is frozen during wintertime and the thickness of the
ice ranges from 47 to 73 centimeters. Small rivers flow into
the lake, and from its southern part outflows river Paravani.
As the legend goes, St Nino entered Georgia to preach
Christianity from Javakheti and made a stop at Paravani
lake. This is the locale where open-air altar stone is placed
and where liturgy is conducted.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
TamTa kvirkvelias foto
PHOTO BY BTAMTA KVIRKVELIA

28
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

qarTuli sakravebi
saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi qarTveli xalxi erovnul
simRerebTan erTad qmnida da aviTarebda erovnul
samusiko sakravebs. musika qarTveli xalxis sulieri
cxovrebis ganuyofeli nawili iyo. cxadia, aman ganapiroba
sxvadasxva saxis musikaluri sakravebis daxvewa da maTi
gamoyenebis maRali kultura. ufliscixis arqeologiuri
gaTxrebis dros napovnia Tixisagan gamoZerwili musikosis
qandakeba, mas xelT upyria samkuTxovani musikaluri
sakravi. specialistebis azriT, es qarTuli qnaria. figura
Zv.w. V saukuniT TariRdeba. Zvel qarTul literaturul
wyaroebSi sakravTa 100-ze meti dasaxelebaa Semonaxuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Georgian Music Instruments
14.00.

During ages the Georgian people along with folk songs also
have created and developed its national music instruments.
Music was always an inseperable part of the spiritual life
of Georgians. Obviously, it was the reason of creating and
honing of various music instruments and their usage with
high degree of subtle musical taste. During archeological
excavations at Uplistsikhe a clay figurine of a musician
holding in his hands a triangular musical instrument was
unearthed. The specialists think that it is a Georgian lyre.
This figurine dates to V c. BC. In ancient Georgian literary
sources there are references of more than 100 designations
of musical instruments.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

urbnisi (qarelis raioni)
naqalaqari urbnisi mdebareobs qarelis raionSi, sofelTan
axlos. mis teritoriaze SemorCenilia Semdegi Zeglebi:
sionis taZari (V-VI ss), samreklo (XVIII s), galavani (Zv.
w. IV-III –ax. w. VIII ss), abano (III s), marani (VI-VIII ss),
wyalsadeni da sameurneo wylis arxebi. urbnisi qarTul
werilobiT wyaroebSi elinistur xanaSi ixsenieba, mis
aSenebas, qarTlis sxva qalaqebTan erTad, mcxeTosis
Svils, ufloss miaweren. urbnisSi daarsda saepiskoposo,
am periodisaa (V-VII ss) didi samnaviani bazilikac
_ sioni, romelic erT-erTi udidesia saqarTveloSi.
vrceli warweris mixedviT, samreklo agebulia 1706 wels
qarTlis mefis vaxtang VI-is brZanebiT, sarqari yofila
urbneli episkoposi qristefore falavandiSvili.

29
kvira
sunday

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Urbnisi (Kareli district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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Ruins of Urbnisi are located in Kareli district, not far from
the village. The following monuments have endured on its
territory: Sioni Cathedral (V-VI cc.), belfry (XVIII c.), rampart
(IV-III BC–VIII AD cc), baths (III c), wine cellar (VI-VIII cc),
water duct and utility water conduit. Urbnisi is mentioned
in the Georgian written sources in the Hellenistic period, its
construction along with other towns of Kartli was attributed
to Uplos, the son of Mtskhetos. Eparchy of the Georgian
Orthodox Church was founded in Urbnisi and a big threenave basilica Sioni, one of the biggest in Georgia, also
belongs to this period (V-VII cc). According to the extensive
inscription, the belfry was erected in 1706 by order of the
king of Kartli, Vakhtang VI, and construction supervisor was
believed to be Bishop of Urbnisi, Kristepore Palavandishvili.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

30
orSabaTi
MONDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

armazi (mcxeTis raioni)
armazisxevis saTaveebTan, maRal kldovan mTaze mdebareobs
armazis cixe, romelic XIII-XV saukuneebiT TariRdeba,
Tumca, ar aris gamoricxuli, aq adrec mdgariyo Zveli
cixesimagre. cixe Sedgeba galavnisa da koSkisagan. cixis
qvemoT, armaziswylis marjvena napirze dgas armazis
RvTismSoblis eklesia, igi _ XII saukunes ganekuTvneba;
ekle­
sias dasavleTiT ekvris karibWe, CrdiloeTiT ki _
minaSeni; samreklo XVI-XVII saukuneebisaa. eklesiis ke­
del­ze SeiniSneba moxatulobis fragmentebi. taZris war­
weriani fila muzeumSia gadatanili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Armazi (Mtskheta district)
At the beginning of the Armazi gorge, on the high rocky
mountain, is located Armazi fortress which dates to XIII-XIV
centuries, though it cannot be ruled out that on this venue
some old fortress might have been erected before that.
The stronghold consists of a fence and a tower. Below the
fortress on the right bank of river Armazistskali, stands the
Virgin Mary church of Armazi dating to XII century. Gates
are to the west of the church, and to the north there is an
outbuilding; belfry dates to XVI-XVII centuries. There are
fragments of frescoes on the walls. The inscription tile of the
church has been taken to the museum.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

rusTavelis Teatri
SoTa rusTavelis saxelobis saxelmwifo akademiuri
Teatri daarsda 1879 wels. es saxelwodeba mieniWa 1921
wels. Senoba 1898-1901 wlebSia agebuli, arqiteqtorebis
_ kornel tatiSCevisa da aleqsandre SimkeviCos mier.
1949 wlis xanZarma Senoba gaanadgura; gadarCa mxolod
gare fasadi, misi aRdgena fotoebis mixedviT moxerxda.
rusTavelis Teatrs sxvadasxva dros saTaveSi edgnen: kote
marjaniSvili, sandro axmeteli, romlebmac ganuzomeli
kvali datoves qarTuli Teatris ganviTarebaSi. 70-iani
wlebidan rusTavelis Teatris msoflio warmateba dakavSi­
rebulia robert sturuas saxelTan. misi speqtaklebi:
`yvaryvare~, `kavkasiuri carcis wre~, `riCard III~, `mefe
liri~ saetapo dadgmebia, romlebmac rusTavelis Teatrs
mTel msoflioSi udidesi warmateba moutanes.
Rustaveli Theatre

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ianvari/JANUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

The Shota Rustaveli State Drama Theatre was founded in
1879 and named in 1921. The building of the theatre was
constructed in 1898-1901 by architects Cornel Tatishchev
and Alexander Shimkevich. The fire of 1949 devastated the
building; only outer facade could be saved. The interior
was restored with the help of its photos. Rustaveli troupe of
actors in different periods was headed by Kote Marjanishvili,
Sandro Akhmeteli, who have made priceless contribution
in the development of the Georgian theatre. Since 1970ies successes of the theatre in the world are linked with
the name of Robert Sturua. Performances of the plays
Kvarkvare, The Caucasian Chalk Circle, Richard III, King
Lear were important signposts bringing Rustaveli theatre
company fame in the whole world.

31

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

1

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

lamproba
lamproba Zvel miwaTmoqmed xalxTa rituali da adre
gazafxulis dResaswaulia. dReisaTvis mxolod svaneTSi
aRiniSneba. dResaswaulze svanebi mosavlianobas, adamianis,
saqonlis gamravlebas da karg aminds gamoiTxoven.
tradiciisamebr, anTeben lamprebs da gars uvlian
saxls. lamprebis raodenoba ojaxis wevrTa suladobazea
damokidebuli. eklesiaSi miaqvT ritualuri kverebi,
imarTeba zedaSes ritualuri sma. eklesiidan svanebi
midian imis ojaxSi, `mesvimniSis~ ojaxSi, anu imasTan,
vinc rigiT Temis maspinZelia. imarTeba Widaoba, ferxuli,
mRerian sadidebel himnebs. es dResaswauli emTxveva svimon
RvTismimrqmelis xsenebis dRes.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Lamproba

14.00.

Lamproba is a ritual of old agricultural peoples and a holiday
of early spring. Today it is celebrated only in Svaneti. During
the celebrations the Svans pray for good harvest, new births
of children, reproduction of animals and good weather
conditions. According to the traditions, lamps are lit and
houses are circled. The number of lamps depends on the
number of family members. People take ritual cakes to a
church and conduct ritual drinking. From the church the
Svans go to the family of ‘mesvimnishi’, or to a person who is
a next host of the community. Contests in wrestling, perkhuli
(round dance) and singing of religious hymns are usually
held. This holiday overlaps with the feast day of Svimon
Uplismokmedi (Simon).

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

2012

uSguli
sofeli uSguli saqarTvelos erT-erT ulamazes kuTxeSi,
svaneTSi, saqarTvelos yvelaze maRali mwvervalis, Sxaras
ZirSi mdebareobs. igi iuneskos bunebisa da kulturis
memkvidreobis ZeglTa siaSia Setanili. uSguli zRvis
donidan 2400 metrzea da evropis yvelaze maRali
dasaxlebuli adgilia. uSgulis TemSi oTxi sofelia:
Jibiani, Cvibiani, CaJaSi da murymeli. aq uamravi koSkia,
maT Soris lenkveris cixe. uSgulSi SemorCenilia cixekoSkebis (cixe-sasaxlis) yvelaze adrindeli (IX-Xss.) tipi.
amave TemSia lamarias kompleqsi. uSgulis 7 eklesiidan
samSi daculia XI-XII saukuneebis SesaniSnavi kedlis
mxatvroba. uSgulis Temis mTavar sofelSi, _CaJaSSi,
macxovris eklesiaSi inaxeba am Temis Svidive eklesiis
ganZeuli.

2

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ushguli
Ushguli is one the communities in Svaneti and not a village
as it is considered generally. This community contains 4
villages: Chivibiani, Murkmeli, Zhibiani and Chazha. These
villages are 2400 m above sea level and they are considered
as the highest populated places in Europe. Nowadays
Ushguli is enrolled in the world’s list of the monuments of
UNESCO. In the villages of Ushguli there are still some
unique architectural and ancient monuments.Defensive
towers,unusual churches with fabulous frescoes.One them is
IX-X century church of Lamaria There is also an architectural
museum in the village of Chajashi, Church of Christ where
are kept the treasures of community’s 7 churches.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

3

paraskevi
FRIDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

wunda (aspinZis raioni)
wundis wm. giorgis eklesia kldeze agebuli XII-XIII
saukuneebis darbazuli Senobaa. dasavleTis karis Tavze
arsebuli warweriT vgebulobT, rom eklesia augia am
periodis cnobil moRvawes iCqiT gurgenisZes. eklesias
samxreTiT midgmuli aqvs lamazad morTuli stoa (minaSeni).
istoriuli wyaroebis mixedviT, wunda antikur xanaSi
javaxeTis centri yofila, rogorc administraciuli,
aseve religiuri TvalsazrisiT. V saukunis bolos wun­
daSi ijda episkoposi. Zveli didebis kvali wundaSi dRei­
saTvis TiTqmis waSlilia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tsunda (Aspindza district)
Tsunda Church, a hall like building, dedicated to St.George,
was built in a cliff dating back to the XII-XIII centuries. From
the inscriptions on the west door we can conclude that the
church was built by a well-known figure of that period Ichkit
Gurgenisdze. The sansationaly decorated add-on of the
church lies on the south side. According to historical records,
Tsunda served multiple purposes including being the center
of Javakheti, administrative and religious activities. In the end
of the V century it was the place where the bishop resided.
Traces of the old glory in Tsunda is nowhere to be found.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

fardagebi
aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTianeTSi odiTganve ganviTarebuli iyo mecxvareoba. qalebi daostatebuli iyvnen matylis Zafis darTvaSi. iqsoveboda sxvadasxva daniSnulebis
nivTebi: fardagebi, Txeli xiraulebi, xurjinebi (gadasakidebeli organyofilebiani CanTebi), samosi, windebi
da sxv. isini gamoirCevian gansakuTrebuli ornamentebiT, ferebis natifi SexamebiTa da xarisxiT. msoflioSi
saxelganTqmul qarTul fardagebs analogi ar moeZebneba. fardagis mosaqsovad ferebi bunebrivi saRebavebisagan mzaddeboda, romlisTvisac iyenebdnen miwis nairsaxeobas da mcenareebs, agreTve mineralebsa da organul
produqtebs. ornamentebSi igrZnoba saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi Camoyalibebuli samyaros TavisTavadi, faqizi aRqma da daxvewili gemovneba. bevri simbolo avi Tvalisgan
damcav Sinaarss atarebs.
Curtains

SabaTi
SATURDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

In the mountains of eastern Georgia sheep breeding was
very advanced from antique times. Women were masters of
spinning wool threads. Many different types of items were
knitted, such as curtains, thin felt, khurjinebi (saddle bags),
attire, socks, etc. They are noted with special ornamentation,
subtle mixture of colors and high quality. The world-known
Georgian curtains have no analogues. To knit curtains colors
were made from natural substances. To that end, various
soil spesimens were used together with different plants,
minerals and organic products. One can easily discern
in ornaments the time-honored tradition of peculiar and
delicate perception of the world and exquisite taste. Many
symbols have the quality of protection from evil eye.

4

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

5

kvira
sunday

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

oqros lomi
alaznis sarwyavi sistemis trasaze, wnorSi Catarebuli
arqeologiuri gaTxrebis dros aRmoCenil nivTebSi
gansakuTrebuli adgili ukavia lomis oqros miniaturul
qandakebas, romelsac analogi ar moepoveba. savaraudod, igi
sakulto-saritualo daniSnulebis nivTi unda yofiliyo,
ganekuTvneba Zv.w. XXIII saukunes. qandakebis sigrZe 5.2
sm-ia, simaRle _ 2,8 sm. stilurad gadmocemuli farTo,
reliefuri sartyeli, specialuri teqnikiT gamoyvanili
wertilebi da texilxazovani ornamentebi lomis fafris
imitacias qmnis da mnaxvelze waruSlel STabeWdilebas
axdens.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Golden Lion
14.00.

During archeological excavations on the lane of Alazani
irrigation system was unearthed a gold miniature figurine
of a lion which has a special importance and has no clone.
It is assumed that it should have been an item used during
worship rituals. The figurine dates to XXIII c. BC. Its length
is 5.2 cm and height – 2.8 cm. Stylized wide bas-relief belt,
spots engraved with special technique and curve lines of
ormanaments creating the image of lion’s mane, make
indelible impression on the watchers.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti
Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti pirveli erovnuli
umaRlesi saswavlebelia kavkasiaSi. gaixsna 1918 wlis 26
ianvars (axali stiliT 8 Tebervals), daviT aRmaSeneblis
xsenebis dRes. am dRes universitetis ezoSi sazeimo wirva
aRavlina sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma
kirionma. universitetis damfuZneblebi iyvnen qarTvel
mecnierTa jgufi ivane javaxiSvilis meTaurobiT.
universitetis pirveli reqtorad profesorTa sabWom
airCia petre meliqiSvili. Tavdapirvelad universitetSi
mxolod erTi _ _sibrZnismetyvelebis fakulteti iyo,
romelic enaTmecnierebis, istoriis, filosofiis dargebs
aerTianebda. 1918 wels universitetSi 369 studenti
iricxeboda. dRes Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti
ivane javaxiSvilis saxels atarebs.

6

orSabaTi
MONDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tbilisi University
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

The Tbilisi State University is the first National higher
education institution in Caucasus. It was opened on January
26, 1918, the day of rememberance of David Agmashenebeli
(the Builder). That day in the courtyard of the University the
festive liturgy was conducted by the Catholicos-Patriarch
of all Georgia, Kirion. Among the founders of the University
were a group of scientists led by Ivane Javakhishvili. The first
rector of the University elected by the College of Professors
was Petre Melikishvili. Initially there was only one department
at the University – that of phylosophy which united the fields
of linguistics, history and philosophy. In 1918 369 students
were enrolled in the University. Today the Tbilisi State
University bears the name of its founder - Ivane Javakhishvili.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

7

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

gelaTi (tyibulis raioni)
gelaTis samonastro ansamblis mSenebloba daviT
aRmaSenebelma 1106 wels daiwyo da misma Svilma demetrem
1130 wels daamTavra. gelaTi XII saukunis yvelaze
mniSvnelovani Zeglia. ansambli aerTianebs mTavar _
RvTismSoblis miZinebis taZars; wm. giorgisa da wm. niko­
lozis eklesiebs; akademias; karibWes; samreklos da sxva
nagebobebs. mTavar taZarsa da wm. giorgis eklesiaSi
daculia SesaniSnavi kedlis mxatvroba, romelic sxvadasxva
periods _ XII -XVIII saukuneebs ganekuTvneba. gelaTis
samonastro kompleqsi Sua saukuneebis saqarTvelos erTerTi umniSvnelovanesi kulturuli centria. gelaTis
monastris galavnis samxreTiT, imdroindel mTavar
SesasvlelSi, dakrZalulia saqarTvelos didi mefe daviT
aRmaSenebeli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Gelati (Tkibuli district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
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Construction of the Gelati Monastery ensemble was started
by the king David Agmashenebli (the Builder) in 1106
and ended in 1130 by his son Demetre. Gelati is the most
important monument of the XII century. The ensemble
consists of a major church dedicated to St. Mary, a
church dedicated to St. George, churches dedicated to
St. Nicholas, an academy, a bell tower and etc. The main
Monastery and the church of St.Nicholas hold fascinating
wall murals, dating back to the XII-XVIII century. One of the
most important cultural centers is also housed in the Gelati
Monastery complex. The greatest king of Georgia ever David
Agmashenebeli (the Builder) is buried on the south side of
the Monastery.

www.paata.ge

2012

daviT aRmaSenebeli
saqarTvelos udidesi mefe, daviT IV aRmaSenebeli me­
fobda 1089-1125 wlebSi. qveyana Caibara daqucmacebuli
da dacemuli. iyo ubrwyinvalesi mxedarTmTavari, re­
formator-organizatori da uganaTlebulesi mwigno­bari,
ramac xeli Seuwyo mis mier qveynis gaTavisuflebasa da
gaerTianebas. eklesiaSi reformis gatarebis mizniT, 1104
wels moiwvia ruis-urbnisis saeklesio kreba. gadaixada
mravali brZola, maT Soris gamorCeulia didgoris
brZola. 1125 wlis 24 ianvars 52 wlisa gardaicvala.
dakrZalulia gelaTis monastris karibWeSi. daviT IV-s
madlierma qarTvelma xalxma aRmaSenebeli uwoda da am
saxeliT Sevida istoriaSi; didi mefe SesaniSnavi poetic
iyo. misi poeziidan Cvenamde moRweulia `galobani
sinanulisani~. legendis Tanaxmad, mefem daibara, mis
saflavze fexi daedgaT.
David Agmashenebeli (the Builder)

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

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12.00.

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The greatest king of Georgia ever, David IV Agmashenebeli
reigned in 1089-1125. He started his rule when the country
was divided and on its knees. He was a brilliant military
commander, reformer and administrator, and a polymath
book lover that facilitated his efforts to liberate and unite the
country. Aiming at conducting reforms in the church, in 1104
he conveyed the Ruis-Urbnisi Church Synod. He underwent
through many battles among which the battle of Didgori
stands out. On January 24, 1125 he died aged 52. He was
laid to rest inside the main gatehouse of Gelati monastery.
Grateful Georgian people named David IV Agmashenebeli
(the Builder) and under this name he is known in history. Great
king was also noted poet. From his poetic works survived
his ‘Galobani Sinanulisani’ (Hymns of Repentance). As the
legend goes, the king had ordered to put foot on his grave.

8

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K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

9

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

timoTesubani (borjomis raioni)
monasteri mdebareobs istoriul TorSi, Sua saukuneebis
cnobil politikur moRvaweTa _ TorelTa _ provinciaSi.
swored maTi agebulia XII-XIII saukuneebis mijnaze
qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis erT-erTi gamorCeuli Zegli
_ RvTismSoblis miZinebis saxelobis aguriT nagebi
centralur-gumbaTovani taZari. kompleqsSi agreTve aris
X saukunis mcire darbazuli eklesia. mTavari taZris
moxatuloba, romelic am periodis brwyinvale nimuSs
warmoadgens, Sesrulebulia 1205-15 wlebSi. kedlebi
dafarulia saRvToO scenebiT; dasavleTis kedeli mTlianad
eTmoba `gankiTxvis dRis~ saintereso kompozicias.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Timotesubani (Borjomi district)

14.00.

The monastery is located in a historical place called Tori,
in the province of “Torel” - province of political figures.
The monastery was built in the XII-XIII century. Torels
are responsible for establishing the cross-cupola brick
built monument dedicated to St.Mary, making it the most
outstanding architectural accomplishments in Georgia. The
complex also includes a small hall-like Xth century church.
The paintings of the main temple holds are considered
brilliant works of 1205-1215 years. The walls are covered
with art of godly scenes, where the Western Wall as entirely
devoted to the composition of “Judgment Day”.

15.00.

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18.00.

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giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

2012

borjomis mineraluri wyali
borjomis mineraluri wyali dRes mTel msoflioSia
cnobili, igi qveynisTvis savizito baraTadac iqca. wyali
mdidaria adamianis organizmisTvis saWiro mineralebiT,
saukeTeso saSualebaa araerTi daavadebis samkurnalod,
agreTve profilaqtikisTvis. borjomis mineralur wyals
araerTi saerTaSoriso gamofenis oqros medali aqvs
mopovebuli. unikaluri samkurnalo Tvisebebis gamo, mas
`mineraluri wylebis dedofalic~ Searqves. igi saTaves
iRebs aWara-imereTis qedis centralur nawilSi, zRvis
donidan 760-920 metr simaRleze. wylis mopoveba xdeba
borjomis nakrZalSi arsebuli 9 WaburRilidan, 1200 _
1500 metr siRrmeze.
Borjomi mineral water
Borjomi mineral water today is known in the whole world. It
became even a part of identity for the nation. Water is rich
with minerals wholesome for human body and the best
healing and protection means regarding many diceases.
Borjomi mineral water has been awarded gold medals at
many international fairs. Due to its unique curative qualities
it was branded ’The Queen of Mineral Waters’. The Borjomi
springs are located in the central part of the Adjara-Imereti
mountain range at an altitude of 760–920 m. Extraction of
water is made from nine 1,200–1,500 m deep spring wells.

10

paraskevi
FRIDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

11
SabaTi
SATURDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

gogirdis abanoebi (abanoTubani)
Tbilisi cnobilia Tavisi gogirdovani, samkurnalo
Tvisebebis mqone wylebiT, Tbilisis daarsebis legendac
xom misi gogirdovani Tbili wylidan momdinareobs. igi
mdebareobs Zveli Tbilisis raionSi, Zvel seidabadSi,
mdi­
nare mtkvris marjvena sanapiroze. saukuneebis
ganmavlobaSi mTel axlo aRmosavleTSi iyo cnobili
Tbi­
lisuri abanoebi. XVII-XVIII saukuneebSi islamuri
arqiteqturis gavleniT Seiqmna abanoebi, romlebic
dResac amSveneben Zveli Tbilisis ier-saxes. im adgils,
sadac gogirdis abanoebia Tavmoyrili, abanoTubans eZaxian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sulphur baths (Abanotubani)
Tbilisi is famous for its sulfur, therapeutic properties of water.
The legend of establishment of Tbilisi had directly originated
from these sulfur hot springs. It is located in the Old City
district, in old Seidabad, on the right side of the coast. For
centuries throughout the Middle East tbilisi was famous with
its baths. In the XVII-XVIII century the influence of Islamic
architecture is reflected in the baths design. These baths to
this day beautify the site of old-Tbilisi The place where sulfur
baths are concentrated, is called “Abanotubani”.

14.00.

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16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

meqise
Tbilisis savizito baraTi _ bunebrivad cxeli
gogirdovani wylis abanoebi _ warmoudgenelia meqisis
gareSe. meqiseebi virtuozulad asruleben TavianT
movaleobas. dRes meqiseoba egzotikuri profesiaa.
odesRac igi qalaquri yofiTi kulturis ganuyofeli
nawili iyo. meqise 14-15 saaTis ganmavlobaSi orTqlSi
muSaobs xelze wamocmuli qisiT. qisa uxeSi, daaxloebiT
xaliCis qsovilis tipis patara toprakia. meqise masaJebisa
da varjiSebis wyalobiT ara mxolod bans, aramed
ajansaRebs da aaxalgazrdavebs sxeuls. es profesia
memkvidreobiTac gadaecemodaT. qarTuli abanoebi XII
saukunidan uamravi ucxoeli mogzauris dakvirvebis
obieqti gamxdara. Tbiliseli meqiseebis saocrebebze
saubrobdnen al. diuma, al. puSkini, rok-feleri, jon
kenedi da Tbilisis sxva mravali stumari.
Mekise

kvira
sunday

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

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18.00.

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The identifying mark of the city of Tbilisi – natural spring hot
sulphuric bathhouses – are unimaginable without Mekise
(bathhouse attendant and masseur). Mekise are virtuosi of
their business. Today Mekise is exotic profession. Before
it was inseparable part of the traditional urban culture.
For 14-15 hours Mekise toils in steamy room with rubber
dressed on his hand. Rubber is a small pouch made of
rough carpet-like cloth. Thanks to masseurs and exercises
Mekise not only helps to have excellent hot bath but makes
his clients healthy and their bodies younger. This trade was
also passed on in succession. Georgian bathhouses since
XII century has become the focal point of numerous foreign
travelers who visited Georgia. About miracles Tbilisi Mekise
could perform tell A. Dumas, A. Pushkin, J. Rockfeller, John
Kennedy and many other guests of Tbilisi.

12

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K NOW GEORGIA

2012

13

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

muco
cixe-sofeli muco mdebareobs piriqiTa xevsureTSi,
ardotis xeobaSi. igi erTian safortifikacio, saTavdacvo
sistemas qmnida da CrdiloeTidan saqarTvelosken momaval
gzebs icavda. cixe-sofeli rTuli reliefis terasazea
ganlagebuli. aq aris wm. giorgis xati da maRali
saTvalTvalo koSki, cixe-saxli, egreT wodebuli TorRvais
koSki `brolis kalo~, sajinibo da sxva Senobebi. qvemoTa
terasaze soflis sasaflaoa, sadac samlocveloebi da
akldamebi, egreT wodebuli `anatoriebia~.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Mutso

13.00.

The fortress hamlet of Mutso is located in northern Khevsureti,
in Ardoti gorge. It set up a unified fortified defense system
and guarded roads leading from the north to Georgia. The
fortress hamlet is located on the difficult relief terrace. There
is St. George icon and a high lookout tower, fortress house,
so called Torgvai’s tower ‘Brolis kalo’, a stable and other
structures. On the lower terrace there is a hamlet cemetery
with worship sites and burial vaults, so called ‘anatorias’.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

kvetera (axmetis raioni)
kveteras cixe-qalaqi kaxeTis samefos erT-erTi mniSvne­
lovani centri iyo; igi wyaroebSi XI saukunidan ixsenieba,
Tumca, gacilebiT adre unda arsebuliyo. kvetera auRebel
cixesimagred iTvleboda. kaxeT-hereTis Svidi saerisTavodan
mas gamorCeuli adgili ekava, magram ukve gvian Sua
saukuneebSi igi istoriul wyaroebSi aRar ixsenieba.
cixis teritoriaze galavnisa da kontrforsebis garda
SemorCenilia ramdenime saintereso xuroTmoZRvruli
Zegli. saero nagebobebidan gamoirCeva orsarTuliani
sasaxle, xolo ansamblis mSvenebaa X saukunis tetrakonqis
tipis ulamazesi gumbaTovani eklesia.

14

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Kvetera (Akhmeta district)
The Kvetera city-fortress was the most important center
of the Kingdom of Kakheti. It was firstly mentioned in the
XI century but it would’ve existed much earlier. It was
considered as an unconquered fortress but the Middle
Ages it was no longer mentioned in historical sources. As a
certain squad in the history of architecture, Kvetera Church
is interesting due to its composition conception.There are
several interesting buildings on the area of fortress such
are two stories palace and the beauty of the 10 th century
tetraconch domed church.

14.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

15

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

daviT sarajiSvili
daviT sarajiSvili XIX-XX saukuneebis cnobili sazogado
moRvawe da qarTuli koniakis warmoebis fuZemdebelia.
mis mier daarsebulma firmam did warmatebas miaRwia. igi
moicavda alkoholuri sasmelebis TiTqmis yvela saxeobas.
1899-1913 wlebSi sarajiSvilis produqcia 14 medliT
dajildovda, maT Soris 8 oqro iyo. daviT sarajiSvilma
1888 wels niWieri qarTveli axalgazrdebis gamosavlenad
da ucxoeTSi saswavleblad gasagzavnad specialuri fondi
da stipendia daawesa. 1906 wels Tbilisis universitetis
saZirkvelSi man erTi muWa oqro Cayara da Semdgomac
finansurad exmareboda. misi saxsrebiT aSenda qaSueTis
eklesia. aseve mis saxels ukavSirdeba `qarTvelTa Soris
wera-kiTxvis gamavrcelebeli sazogadoebis~ Seqmna.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

David Sarajishvili
David Sarajishvili was the XIX-XX centuries well-known
public figure and is considered to be the founding father of
genuine brandy production in Georgia. He learnt his skills in
the Charentes region of France (the home of Cognac) and
on his return founded the first company making wine brandy
in Georgia in 1884. Since then the company has gone on to
win numerous prizes. In 1888 he established a special fund
and scholarship to send the talented young people for the
study. In 1906 he put a handful of gold into the fundament of
Tbilisi University and even after he had helped the university
financially. He financed the construction of the new Kashveti
Church in Tbilisi, His name is also linked to the Society for
the Advancement of Learning Among the Georgians.

15.00.

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18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

salamuri
salamuri uZvelesi qarTuli sakravia, rasac adasturebs
arqeologebis mier mcxeTaSi, samTavros samarovanSi
napovni Zveli ueno salamuri. salamuri damzadebulia
gedis lulovani Zvlisagan. salamurs sami naxvreti aqvs,
misi sigrZe 19,9 sm-ia. Zvlis salamuri saflavSi hqonda
Catanebuli biWs, romelSic aseve aRmoCnda cxvrisa da xaris
Tav-fexis Zvlebi. aRmoCenili nivTis gamo saflavs `mwyemsi
biWis saflavi~ uwodes. savaraudod, igi ganekuTvneba Zv.w.
XII-XI saukunes. Tuki Zvelad salamurs sawesCveulebo
daniSnuleba hqonda, dRes man mtkiced daimkvidra adgili
qarTul xalxur xelovnebaSi; temperamentian qarTul
cekvebsa da mravalxmian simRerebTan erTad moiara
msoflio da mas iberiuli lerwmis keTilSobiluri
xmianoba mohfina.

16

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Salamuri
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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GE T T

Salamuri (Georgian flute) is the oldest Georgian instrument
proved by the finds of archeologists in Samtavro monastery
burial in Mtskheta where old pipe without mouthpiece was
unearthed. The flute was made of a swan piped bone. The
flute has three holes, its length is 19,9 cm. The bone flute was
found in the burial of a boy along with head and leg bones
of a sheep and a bull. Due to the discovered item the burial
was called ‘Grave of a Shepherd’. It is believed that the grave
dates to XII-XI cc. BC. If in old times the pipe had a ritual
usage, today it has become an irreplaceable attribute of the
Georgian folklore. Together with spirited Georgian dances
and multi-voice singing the Georgian Salamuri has made a
tour of the world and enchanted it with velvet voice of Iberian
reed.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Teona modebaZis foto
PHOTO BY TEONA MODEBADZE

17

paraskevi
FRIDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

gergeTis beTlemi (stefanwmindis raioni)
beTlemis gamoqvabuli kompleqsi mdebareobs myinvarwveris
ferdze, romelsac beTlemis qedi ewodeba. TariRdeba
ganviTarebuli Sua saukuneebiT. gamokveTilia andezitis
kldeSi, Ziridan 300 m-is simaRleze. kompleqsSi
aRmoCenili nivTebi, maT Soris gamoqvabulSi arsebuli
jaWvi, inaxeba yazbegis mxareTmcodneobis muzeumSi.
beTlemis Sesaxeb xalxSi Semonaxuli Tqmuleba safuZvlad
daedo i. WavWavaZis poema `gandegils~.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gergeti Bethlehem (Stepantsminda district)
13.00.

Bethlehem cave complex is located on the slope of a glacier,
which is called Bethlehem Ridge and dates back to the.
Middle Ages. The Bethlehem cave is cut in a steep reddish
rock.It’s height is 300 meters from the foot of the rock.The
complex was used as a depository of sanctuary and church
treasury.Its monks got in by the long iron chain, All these
items found in the cave and a chain are kept in the Kazbegi
Museum. The Gergeti Bethlehem was the setting of Ilia
Chavchavdze’s famous poem “Gandegili” (“The Hermit”)

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

stefanwmindis ganZi
saqarTvelos samxedro gzis gayvanis dros, miwis samu­
Saoebis Sesrulebisas aRmoCnda Zv.w. VI-V saukuneebis
Zvirfasi nivTebi, romelic stefanwmindis ganZis saxe­
liTaa cnobili. gaTxrebi Catarda 1877 wels. aq ipoves
200-ze meti saintereso nivTi: vercxlis fialebi,
brinjaos WurWeli, irmis mcire qandakebebi, adamianis
gamosaxuleba, kverTxisTavi, sartyeli da sxva. ramdenime
wlis Semdeg kvlav Catarda gaTxrebi, sadac gamovlinda
oqro-vercxlis samkaulebi, rkinis iaraRi, sxvadasxva saxis
mZivebi. am arqeologiur aRmoCenas didi gamoxmaureba
hqonda mTel msoflioSi.

18
SabaTi
SATURDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Stepantsminda treasures
During the works of Georgian Military Highway,were found
the VI-V centuries BC precious things,which is known as the
Stepantsminda Treasure.The excavations were conducted
in 1887. There were more than 200 interesting things found:
the silver bowls,bonze vessels,small deer statues,human
reproduction and many more. A few years later excavations
were conducated again and more things were found:
silver jewelry,metal weapons,different types of beads. This
discovery had a big post in the world.

14.00.

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18.00.

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2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

19
kvira
sunday

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

gudarexi (TeTriwyaros raioni)
gudarexis samonastro ansambli (naqalaqari) aerTianebs did
darbazul eklesias, samreklos, sasaxles, egreT wodebul
Salvas eklesias, CuqurTmian Senobas, marans, sajinibos da
sxva mraval nagebobas. mTavari eklesia, samxreTis fasadis
warweris mixedviT, agebulia rusudanis mefobis xanaSi
(1222-45 ww) xuroTmoZRvar WoWia forsiZis mier, xolo
samreklo, romelic saocar STabeWdilebas axdens mnaxvelze,
agebulia 1278 wels, mefe demetre Tavdadebulis dros,
mRvdlisa da jvarTmtvirTvelis abraamis mier; es pirveli
daTariRebuli samrekloa saqarTveloSi. morTulobiT
gamoirCeva taZris aRmosavleTi fasadi, romelic Zalian
waagavs am periodis gumbaTovani eklesiebis sqemas; didi
jvari, sarkmelTa sapireebi da rombebi SesaniSnavi
CuqurTmiTaa gadmocemuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Gudarekhi (Tetritskaro district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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The Gudarekhi monastery complex (ancient settlement)
combines a big hall church, a belfry, a palace, so called
’Shalva’s’ church, an ornamented structure, marani (wine
cellar), stables and many other buildings. The main church
according to the inscription on the southern facade was built
in the era of queen Rusudan (1222-1245) by master builder
Chochia Porsidze, and the belfry making huge impression
on the visitors was built in 1278 during the reign of king
Demetre Tavdadebuli (Demetrius II the Self-Sacrificer) by
the preacher and cross-bearer Abraham; this is the first
belfry in Georgia with the identified date of construction.
The eastern facade of the cathedral is distinguished by
decorations which in this respect resemble scheme of dome
churches of this period; big cross, diamond shapings of
windows are expressed in wonderful adornments.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

armazis bilingva
saqarTvelos Zveli dedaqalaqis, mcxeTis arqeologiurma
Seswavlam araerTi mniSvnelovani Zegli gamoavlina.
maT Soris gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs armazisxevTan
aRmoCenil bilingvas, romelic armazis bilingvis
saxeliTaa cnobili. igi ganekuTvneba II saukunes. mosaxse­
niebelis qvis svetze _ berZnul da arameul enebzea
amotvifruli mosaxseniebeli teqsti. teqsti mogviTxrobs
zevax pitiaxSis asulis, 21 wlis asakSi gardacvlili
ulamazesi serafitas cxovrebas.
Bilingua
The archeological study of the ancient Georgian capital,
Mtskheta, has revealed many important artefacts. Among
them the outstanding importance has a Bilingual Inscription
discovered at Armaziskhevi widely known under the label of
Armazi Bilingua. It dates to II century. This is an epigraphic
iscription on the stone pillar in Greek and Aramaic languages.
The text contains the life story of a beautiful Serafita, a
daughter of Zevakh Pitiakhsh, who died aged 21.

20
orSabaTi
MONDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

21

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

iSxani
qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis es unikaluri Zegli mdebareobs
dRevandeli TurqeTis teritoriaze, istoriul taoSi, md.
olTisiswylis marjvena napirze. iSxanSi Tavdapirvelad
eklesia 652 wels augiaT, xelmeored IX saukuneSi aaSenes,
X saukuneSi taZari safuZvlianad ganaaxles da 1014-1032
wlebSi Seamkes kidec. taZari uxvadaa morTuli, magram mis
mTavar Rirsebas mainc moxatulobis fragmentebi Seadgens.
gumbaTSi warmodgenilia `jvris amaRlebis~ scena oTxi
mfrinavi angeloziT. aqve gamosaxulia etlSi Sebmuli
cxenebi, romlebic samyaros oTx mxares ganasaxiereben.
iSxnis gumbaTis moxatulobaSi gacxadebulia samyaros
kosmiuri buneba. kedlebze gamosaxulia winaswarmetyvelTa
saxeebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ishkhani
This unique monument of the Georgian architecture is
located in today’s Turkey, in the historic province of Tao,
on the right bank of river Oltisistskali. In 652 in Ishkhani was
built the first church; the follow up occurred in IX century.
In X century Cathedral was substantially renewed and in
1014-1032 also adorned. Cathedral is richly ornamented
but its main values are fragments of frescoes. The image of
Ascension of the Cross with four flying angels is depicted on
the inner side of the dome. Next to this scene are displayed
horses harnessed in a coach which is a symbol of four parts
of the universe. Dome frescoes express universal nature of
the world. The wall murals display prophets.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mTawmindis panTeoni
TbilisSi, mTawmindis mTis ferdze, mamadaviTis eklesiis
gverdiT mdebareobs mTawmindis mweralTa da sazogado
moRvaweTa panTeoni. mTawmindis panTeoni 1929 wels gaixsna.
es faqti dakavSirebuli iyo rusi mwerlis, aleqsandre
griboedovis gardacvalebis 100 wlisTavTan. griboedovi
1829 wels TeiranSi mokles, neSti TbilisSi Camoasvenes
da misive anderZis Tanaxmad, misma meuRlem, nino WavWavaZem
mTawmindis miwas miabara, amis Semdeg mTawminda mravali
gamoCenili moRvawis samaradiso gansasveneblad iqca.
Mtatsminda Pantheon
In Tbilisi, on the slope of Mount Mtatsminda, next to the
Church of St. David, is located Pantheon of writers and
public figures. Mtatsminda Pantheon was opened in 1929.
This fact was linked to the 100-year anniversary of the
Russian author, Alexander Griboedov’s murder. Griboedov
was killed in Teheran in 1829 and his body was taken to
Tbilisi, and according to his testament, his spouse, Nino
Chavchavadze, laid him to rest on Mount Mtatsminda. After
that Mtatsminda became the place of the perpetual rest for
many outstanding figures.

22

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

23

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

niko firosmani
niko firosmanaSvili cnobili qarTveli mxatvaria.
cnobebi firosmanis Sesaxeb TiTqmis ar mogvepoveba.
cnobilia, rom daibada sofel mirzaanSi, mogvianebiT
gadmovida TbilisSi sacxovreblad, specialuri samxatvro
ganaTleba ar miuRia, Tumca, amis miuxedavad, mis mier
Seqmnili mxatvruli samyaro uaRresad mTliani da
TavisTavadia. firosmani ukidures gaWirvebaSi cxovrobda,
samwuxarod, CvenTvis misi saflavic ucnobia. misi saxeli da
Semoqmedeba saqarTvelos farglebs gascda da sayovelTao
aRiareba moipova. firosmanis namuSevrebis didi nawili
inaxeba saqarTvelos erovnul muzeumSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Niko Pirosmani
14.00.

Niko Pirosmanashvili is a famous Georgian artist. Accounts
on his life are nearly non-existent. It is known that he was born
in the village of Mirzaani and later settled in Tbilisi. He did not
learn painting anywhere on purpose, but irrespective of that,
the world of art created by him is integrated and peculiar.
Pirosmani lived in abject poverty. Unfortunately, we do not
even know where is his burial site. His name and work has
transcended the borders of Georgia and won overwhelming
acclaim. The big part of Pirosmani pieces are under custody
of the State National Museum of Georgia.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

wuRruRaSeni (bolnisis raioni)
wuRruRaSenis taZari centralur-gumbaTovani nagebobaa
da beTania-qvaTaxevis ZeglTa jgufs ganekuTvneba. misi Sida
sivrce atyorcnili proporciebisaa, rasac ganapirobebs
gumbaTis maRali yeli. kar-sarkmlebi Semkulia SesaniSnavi
CuqurTmiT, maRali gumbaTic sada da lamazi ornamentiT
gamoirCeva. dRes wuRruRaSeni moqmedi monasteria,
Tumca, igi ar aSenebula samonastro cxovrebisaTvis: aq
ar SeiniSneba satrapezo, sameurneo Senobebi. eklesiis
warweraSic ar aris amaze saubari. igi ufro feodalis
mamulSi agebuli saZvalea. adre am adgils `gonbadi~
unda rqmeoda, wuRruRaSeni gviandeli saxelia. taZari
agebulia laSa-giorgis mefobis xanaSi (1213-1222 ww)
arsenis Ze hasanis mier.
Tsughrughasheni (Bolnisi district)
Tsughrughasheni Church enters into the “Betania-Kvata­
khevi” group.It’s a Georgian Orthodox church. By the
proportions and beautiful dome throat it can be consi­
dered as a dome church with a higher cupola. The doors
and windows are richly decorated .Today Tsughrughasheni
is the monastery but it wasn’t built for such a purpose.
There is no dining hall,no any agricultural buildings. No any
inscriptions tell of it.The church might be considered more
as a feudal estate. The church was built during Lasha-Giorgi
reign (1213-1222 yy).

24
paraskevi
FRIDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

25
SabaTi
SATURDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

okupacia
1918 wlis 26 maiss amierkavkasiis seimis gauqmebis Sedegad
saqarTvelos erovnulma sabWom saqarTvelos damoukide­b­
loba gamoacxada. msofliom `de faqtod~ da `de iured~
scno saqarTvelos damoukidebloba. miuxedavad amisa, 1921
wlis 25 Tebervals sabWoTa ruseTis me-11 wiTelma armiam
moaxdina saqarTvelos aneqsia. mokavSiris gareSe, bedis
anabara mitovebulma qveyanam saTanado winaaRmdegoba
ver gauwia da orkviriani uTanasworo brZolis Semdeg
damarcxda. bolSevikebma daikaves Tbilisi da meriis
Tavze sabWoTa ruseTis droSa aafriales. saqarTvelom,
rogorc damoukidebelma saxelmwifom, arseboba Sewyvita.
saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis mTavroba jer
baTumSi gadavida, xolo Semdeg saqarTvelo datova da
emigraciaSi wavida.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

occupation
15.00.

16.00.

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18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

On May 26, 1918, as a result of annihilation of the
Transcaucasus Sejm, the National Council of Georgia
announced independence of Georgia. The world recognized
Georgia’s independence ‘de-facto’ and ‘de-jure’.
Irrespective of this, on February 25, 1921, the 11-th Red
Army of Soviet Russia annexed Georgia. Without allies and
totally dependent on the chance, the nascent nation could
not duly resist the invasion and after two-week unequal fights
had to succumb. The Bolsheviks occupied Tbilisi and placed
a Soviet Russian flag on the mast of the City Hall. Georgia
ceased to exist as an independent state. The government
of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia first
moved to Batumi but later had to flee from Georgia and went
to emigration.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Sio mRvime (mcxeTis raioni)
SiomRvimis monasteri daarsebulia erT-erTi aTcameti
asureli mamis _ Sios mier VI saukuneSi, romelic
saqarTveloSi qristianobis gavrcelebisaTvis iRvwoda.
kompleqsSi Sedis mRvime-eklesia (Sios pirveli sam­
yo­
feli), Sio mRvimelis saflavze agebuli eklesia, ioane
naTlismcemlis saxelobis jvar-gumbaTovani eklesia (VI s),
RvTismSoblis miZinebis taZari, satrapezo, kldeSi nakveTi
qvabebi da sxva. monasters Tavs dahyurebs maRal mTaze
mdgari jvris amaRlebis eklesia (XII s), sadac daculia
XIII saukunis SesaniSnavi kedlis mxatvroba.

26
kvira
sunday

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Shio Mgvime (Mtskheta district)
The Shio Mgvime monastery was founded in the VI century by
one of the Thirteen Assyrian Monks, father Shio, who labored
for dissemination of Christianity in Georgia. Complex consists
of a church in the cave (Shio’s first abode), a church erected
on the grave of Shio, a cross-dome church of St. John the
Baptist (VI c.), a cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary,
a refectory, caves hollowed in the rock, etc. Overlooking the
monastery is a stand-alone Church of Resurrection of the
Cross (XII c.) on the high mountain where magnificent mural
painting of XIII century has been preserved.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

27
orSabaTi
MONDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

macxvariSi (mestiis raioni)
mestiaSi, sofel macxvariSSi (latalis Temi) dgas X-XI
saukuneebis macxovris eklesia. Sesasvlelebs SemorCa
Zveli xis karebi, Semkuli ornamentiTa da zoomorfuli
gamosaxulebebiT. SigniT eklesia moxatulia 1140 wels,
demetre I mefobis dros, miqael maRlakelis mier.
CrdiloeTis kedelze, sxva qtitorTa gverdiT warmo­
dgenilia demetre I portreti. saerTod svaneTis ekle­
siebis moxatuloba erT-erT saintereso movlenas
warmoadgens adreuli da ganviTarebuli Sua saukuneebis
qarTuli kedlis mxatvrobaSi. mxatvrobis fragmentebi
SeiniSneba agreTve gareT, eklesiis fasadebzec.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Matskhvarishi (Mestia district)
14.00.

There are about twenty five family churches in Latali
community: most of them ruined.They are built
predominantly away from the road,up in the mountains.The
most famous of them is Matskhvarishi Christ Church which
belongs to the X-XI cc and was built on heights,at the foot of
which passes the main road. The church was painted in 1140
year by Miqael Maghlakeli.Here besides traditional subjects
from the gospel,can be seen an interesting and unique
fresco,representing the enthronement of the king Demetre
I,a son of David Aghmashenebli (the Builder).Presently it is
the only fresco preserving the image of Demetre I,or ,as he
was named in his monkhood,the Reverend Damiane ,the
author of the chant “Shen Khar Venakhi”.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Coxa
Coxa saqarTveloSi XVII saukuneSi, kavkasiidan Semovida,
erovnuli samosis saxe ki XIX-_XX saukuneebis mijnaze
miiRo. qarTveli mamakacis erovnuli kostiumis _ Coxaaxaluxis kompleqsSi Sedis: perangi; qveda sacvali; axaluxi;
Coxa; Sarvali; qudi da sartyeli. am kostiumis aucilebel
elements Seadgenda qamar-xanjali. sityva `Coxa~ gvxvdeba
kavkasiis, aRmosavleT evropisa da aziis qveynebis enebSi.
arsebobda sxvadasxva sigrZis Coxa. grZeli Coxa pirvelad
megrelebma moirges. Semdeg imereTSi Semovida mokle Coxa.
qarTl-kaxuri Coxa sigrZiT muxlebs faravda, mkerdi
samkuTxa formiT hqonda amoWrili, romelSic axaluxi
Canda. Coxa siZlieris, simamacis, patriotizmis simbolod
iTvleba. dRes mas sadResaswaulo dReebSi atareben.

28
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Chokha
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

Chokha entered Georgia from the Caucasus in XVII century
while in the end of XIX century and the beginning of XX century
it received the title of a National male dress. Traditionally
the set of a National male outfit of a Georgian man called
‘Chokha-Akhalukhi’ includes akhalukhi (a shirt), underwear,
Chokha, pants, cap or hood and a belt. This set traditionally
included khanjali (a dagger) and belt. The word ‘Chokha’
can be found in the languages of Caucasus, Eastern Europe
and Asia. Chokha may have different length. Lengthy
Chokha was first tried on by Mingrelians. After that Imereti
introduced short Chokha. In Kartli-Kakheti Chokha covered
knees and breast was cut in triangle where akhalukhi (shirt)
could be seen. Chokha is the symbol of strength, valor and
patriotism. Today this outfit is worn on festive occasions.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

29

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

Tebervali/FEBRUARY
09.00.

berikaoba
Zvel qarTul dResaswaulebs Soris gamorCeuli
adgili uWiravs berikaobas. igi Soreuli warsulidan
momdinareobs. berikaoba adre gazafxulze, yvelierSi
iwyeboda da ramdenime dRe grZeldeboda. mTavar berikas,
`Tavberikas~, axaldaqorwinebuli vaJi warmoadgenda,
romelsac Txis niRabi ekeTa. berikaobaSi gamosaxuli
iyo xalxis yofa, yovelive uarsayofi da samarcxvino
mdgomareoba; amave dros igi erTgvari samxiarulogasarTobi saSualebac iyo. berikebi kardakar dadiodnen,
mRerodnen da saCuqrebsac moiTxovdnen. berikaobis
dResaswaulSi vlindeboda xalxis msoflmxedveloba, Wirvarami da swrafva ukeTesi momavlisaken.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Berikaoba

14.00.

Among the ancient Georgian festivities Berikaoba really
stands out. It descends from ancient times. Berikaoba
usually started in Mid-Lent and lasted several days. The main
Berika (the Head-Berika) was a newlywed groom who wore
goat mask. Berikaoba expressed peoples domestic life and
everything negative and shameful. At the same time, it was
the means of merry-making and a loud binge. Berikas used
to wander from door to door, sang and sought presents. In
the Berikaoba festivities one could discern world outlook of
the people, ups and downs of life and their drive for better
future.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

nariyala
Tbilisis citadeli saqarTvelos mravalsaukunovani
istoriis mowmea. misi kedlebi da koSkebi araerTxel
dangreula, aRdgenila, gadakeTebula. dRemde moRweuli
fragmentebi sxvadasxva periods ekuTvnis. yvelaze Zvel
nawils warmoadgens Crdilo-aRmosavleT kuTxeSi mdebare
koSkis fragmenti, romelic Tlili qviTaa amoyvanili.
cixe agebulia mdinaris kalapotis Seviwroebis adgilze;
swored misma metad strategiulma adgilmdebareobam
gansazRvra misi simtkice da, saerTod, qalaqis Semdgomi
ganviTareba. igi mtrisaTvis miudgomeli iyo, mTagorian
reliefze ganlagebuli cixis nageboba rTul sistemas
qmnida. cixes ramdenime Sesasvleli hqonda miwis zeviT,
aseve saidumlo gasasvlelebi mtkvrisa da wavkisisken.
cixis farglebSia XVIII s-is wm. nikolozis saxelobis
eklesia.
Narikala

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

GE T T

The Tbilisi Citadel is the witness of many centuries of
Georgian history. Its walls and towers were destroyed,
restored and remade a lot of times. The fragments of the
Citadel which were preserved until today belong to different
epochs. The oldest part is the fragment of a tower located in
the north-eastern corner which was erected with cut stone.
The Fortress was constructed on the spot where the riverbed
narrows. It was important strategic venue of the Fortress
that conditioned its resilience and further development of
the city in general. It was insurmountable for the enimy since
the Fortress was placed on a steep hill creating a complex
system of defence. The Fortress had several entrances on
the surface as well as secret exits bound to river Mtkvari and
Tsavkisi. Within the compound of the fortress there is the
Church of St. Nicholas built in XVIII c.

1

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

2

paraskevi
FRIDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

vefxvi da moyme
`vefxisa da moymis~ balada pirvandeli saxiT Seqmnili
unda iyos Sua saukuneebSi. uZvelesi Canawerebi mcire
moculobisaa da gadmogvcems mxolod vefxvisa da
monadiris brZolas, maT vaJkacur daRupvas. mkvlevarebi
swored am variantebs miiCneven Zireul teqstad. baladis
meore nawils, dedis glovas, romelic organulad aris
dakavSirebuli pirvel nawilTan, gviandel danamatad
Tvlian. `leqsi vefxvi da moymisa~ mkiTxvelis guls
ajadoebs rogorc Rrma SinaarsiT, ise maRalmxatvruli
ostatobiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tiger and Knight
This folk ballad should have been created in Middle Ages.
The oldest notes are small-scaled and tell us only about a
face-off of a tiger and a hunter and his brave death. The
scholars believe that these are the variants which are
the core text of the ballad. The second part of the ballad,
mother’s lament, which is basically linked with the first part,
scholars consider to be a later addition. The poems of Tiger
and Knight fascinate a heart of the reader both with deep
content and mastership of style.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

www.paata.ge

2012

qarTlis deda
odiTganve qarTvelTaTvis deda aris simbolo qveynisTvis
Tavdadebisa, gmirobisa, sikeTisa, siyvarulisa da stumarT­
moyvareobisa. swored amitom, Tbilisis erTgvar simbolod
iqca `qarTlis dedis~ qandakeba, romelic sololakis
goraze aris aRmarTuli. qandakebis avtoria elguja
amaSukeli. `qarTlis dedis~ 20-metriani skulptura
qarTul erovnul samosSi Cacmuli qalis gamosaxulebaa,
ro­
melsac erT xelSi stumarTmoyvareobis simbolo _
Rvinis Tasi uWiravs, meoreSi ki qarTvelTa mebrZoli
sulis gamoxatuleba -_ xmali.

3

SabaTi
SATURDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Kartlis Deda
From times immemorial mother is for the Georgians the
symbol of devotion for the homeland, heroism, kindness,
love and hospitality. That is why the sculpture of Kartlis
Deda (mother of Kartli) erected on the Sololaki mount has
become kind of a symbol of the city of Tbilisi. The author of
the sculpture is Elguja Amashukeli. Kartlis Deda is a 20 meter
high sculpture of a woman in the national Georgian garb
keeping in one hand the symbol of hospitality – wine drink
cup, and in the other hand the expression of the combat
ethos of Georgians – a sword.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012

4

www.paata.ge

kvira
sunday

marti/MARCH
09.00.

Tbilisis botanikuri baRi
botanikuri baRi, romelsac adre samefo baRs eZaxdnen,
sololakis qedis samxreTiT, md. wavkisiswylis xeobaSi
mdebareobs da 128 000 heqtarze vrceldeba. saqarTvelos
ruseTTan SeerTebis Semdeg baRi saxelmwifo sakuTreba
gaxda da 1845 wels mas botanikuri baRi ewoda. baRSi aris
msoflios mravali kuTxis floris mdidari koleqcia.
aseve saqarTvelosa da kavkasiis unikalur mcenareTa
na­
kveTebi, tropikuli oranJerea da `wiTel wignSi~
Setanili mcenareebi. baRSi ramdenime xidia, romelTa
Soris gamoirCeva TaRovani xidi (1914 w) CanCqeris Tavze.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Botanical garden
The botanical garden was previously called the Royal
Garden. The Garden stretches across 128000 acres on the
south side of Sololaki, in the valley of River Tsavkisistsqali.
After the unity of Georgia and Russia, it became the
government property, and in 1845 it became known as the
Botanical garden. In addition to Georgian plants, it houses
various types of plants from every corner of the World. The
garden also hosts a collection of unique plant lots, tropical
greenhouses, and rare plants. Moreover, the garden is
beautified with a number of bridges, amongst which archedlike bridge (1914) is distinguished the most, located above
the Waterfall.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

Tmogvi (aspinZis raioni)
Tmogvi, rogorc cixe-qalaqi, IX-X saukuneebidan javaxeTis
mniSvnelovani strategiuli centri iyo, XI saukuneSi ki
igi samefo cixea. amis Semdeg misi pirveli mflobeli
di­
di feodali, farsman Tmogveli xdeba; mogvianebiT
Tmogve­
lebs sxvebi ecilebian (gamrekel-_Torelebi, mxar­
grZelebi), XIII saukuneSi ki mas kvlav Tmogvelebi epatro­
nebian. cixe-qalaqis teritoriaze, romelic mdi­
nare
mtkvris orive napirs moicavda, SemorCenilia ram­
denime
eklesia, sasaxleebisa da abanoebis nangrevebi (XIV s), xidis
burjebi. Tmogvma, rogorc qalaqma, XVIII saukunemde
iarseba.

5

orSabaTi
MONDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tmogvi (Aspindza district)
As a fortress-town, Tmogvi was an important strategic
center starting from IX-X centuries. In XI century it became
a royal fortress. After this its first owner became a big feudal
lord, Parsman Tmogveli; later others vied for the fortress
(Gamrekeli-Toreli, Mkhargrdzeli) until XII century when it
was turned over again to the control of the Tmogvi natives.
On the territory of fortress-town encompassing both banks
of river Mtkvari, several churches have been preserved as
well as ruins of houses and baths (XIV c.) and supports of
bridges. Tmogvi as a town continued its live operation until
XVIII century.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

6

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

kacxi (WiaTuris raioni)
kacxis eqvskonqiani taZari agebulia X-XI saukuneebis
mijnaze. igi Tavisi epoqis damaxasiaTebeli Zeglia.
kedlebze SemorCenilia ramdenime saintereso reliefi,
garSemosavleli morTulia mdidruli CuqurTmiT.
soflis ganapiras, tyian ferdobze mdebareobs bunebis
unikaluri Zegli _ kacxis sveti, romlis simaRle 40
metria. mis Txemze ramdenime nagebobaa: eklesia (V-VI ss),
senaki, marani. svets svimon mesvetis saxels ukavSireben.
Tavad svetis ZirSic aris adreuli Sua saukuneebis
eklesia, irgvliv ki samalavi qvabebia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Katskhi (Chiatura district)
Katskhi six-apse configuration temple built in the X-XI
centuries. It is typical of its era monument.On the walls
survived very interesting relief and lavish ornaments. At the
edge of the village,on the forested slope is located unique
nature monument Katskhi Column (height about 40 meters).
Remains of a V-VI century church built of the surrounding
rocks are seen in the northeast corner of the plateau and
remains of a second church in the southeast corner. The
second church, which consists of a hall and a crypt was build
in the VI century of huge square stones somehow hauled up
from the bottom.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

mRvimevi (WiaTuris raioni)
mRvimevis dedaTa monasteri erT-erTi gamorCeuli Zeglia.
kldeSi nakveTi samonastro ansambli aerTianebs mTavar
taZars _ RvTaebis eklesias (XIII s), mcire eklesias (XIIIXIV ss), samreklos (XIII-XIV ss) da gamoqvabulebs. eklesiis
fasadebi Semkulia jvrebiTa da CuqurTmebiT. mTavar
taZarSi XIII-XIV da XVII saukuneebis kedlis mxatvrobaa;
Zvelma fenam Semogvinaxa qtitorTa _ raWis erisTavis
ratis, misi meuRlisa da niania kaxaberiZis portretebi.
mRvimevis monasteri cnobilia Tavisi simdidriTac;_ aq
saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi inaxeboda XI saukunis unikaluri
xatebi.

7

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Mgvimevi (Chiatura district)
Mgvimevi Convent is one of most outstanding monuments
of western Georgia. It is a dome-less, two aisled, church
erected on the edge of a large natural cave, built in the
XIII century .The monastery ensemble brings together the
church of “Ghvtaeba” (XIII century) ,the main temple, a
small church (XIII-XIV century), a chapel (XIII-XIV century),
and caves. The church walls are decorated by crosses and
ornaments. Aged layers of the temples have preserved the
portraits of ktitors. Mgvimevi monastery is famous with its
wealth. For centuries the monastery housed icons belonging
to the XI century.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

8

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

winandlis Rvinis sacavi
winandlis Rvinis qarxana erT-erTi uZvelesia saqarTveloSi.
orsarTuliani, 150 000 vedroiani Rvinis qarxana, sardafiTa
da sacaviT 1886-87 wlebSi aages winandalSi, WavWavaZianT
mamulSi arsebuli Rvinis marnis bazaze. amave periodSi
daiwyo WavWavaZiseuli venaxebis gaSeneba-gafarToeba.
sagrZnoblad gaumjobesda Rvinis dayenebis teqnologia.
1891 wels qalaq bordodan winandlis sardafis meRvined
mo­iwvies frangi specialisti merl antuan masano. manamde
winandlis pirveli meRvineebi iyvnen Svedi dikensoni,
funki da d. vaxvaxiSvili. fasdaudebelia masanos roli
qarTuli meRvineobis ganviTarebaSi. man pirvelma danerga
saqarTveloSi adgilobrivi yurZnis jiSebiT evropuli
Rvinis dayenebis teqnologia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tsinandali Winery (Kakheti region)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Tsinandali winery is one of the oldest in Georgia. Winery was
built in 1886-1887 in Tsinandali, the estate of Alexander
Chavchavadze which was opened on the basis of the
existing wine cellar (marani); it is a two-storey, 150 000 pint
winery with basement and storage space. At the same time,
development and expansion of vineyards of Chavchavadze
vintage was launched. The technology of producing wine
considerably improved. In 1891 a French winemaker
from Bordeaux, M. Merle Antoine Masano, was invited
to Tsinandali Winery. Before him the chief winemakers
at Tsinandali winery were Swedes Dickenson, Funk and
D. Vakhvakhishvili. The role of Masano is invaluable in the
development of winemaking. He was the first individual in
Georgia who implemented European-style winemaking
using Georgian varieties of grapes.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

samTavisi (kaspis raioni)
samTavisi mdebareobs amave saxelwodebis soflis
centrSi; gadmocemiT, samTavisSi taZari augia vaxtang
gorgasals, magram imdroindel nagebobas Cvenamde ar
mouRwevia. dRevandeli centralur-gumbaTovani taZari,
romelic qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis erT-erT Sedevrs
wamoadgens, warwerebis mixedviT, agebulia 1030 wels sam­
Tavneli episkoposis, ilarion vaCes Ze yanCavelis mier.
misive agebulia marani da sawnaxeli. samTavisis taZ­
ris
xuroTmoZRvreba maRali mxatvruli RirsebebiT gamoi­
rCeva, fasadebze saintereso CuqurTmebi da reliefebia;
interieris mxatvroba 1679 wliT TariRdeba.

9

paraskevi
FRIDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Samtavisi (Kaspi district)
Samtavisi is located in the middle of the same name
village. As the chronicles report, it is likely that the church
in Samtavisi was commissioned by Vakhtang Gorgasali,
but a construction of those times did not reach us. Today’s
central-dome church which is one of the masterstrokes of
the Georgian architecture, as its legends go, was erected in
1030 by a bishop of Samtavneli, Ilarion Vache Kanchavaeli.
He also masterminded construction of a wine cellar and
satsnakheli (wine pressing tub). Architecture of Samtavisi
is distinguished by high artistic merits, there are interesting
decorations and reliefs on the façade; painting of the interior
dates to 1679.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

10
SabaTi
SATURDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

kawareTi (sagarejos raioni)
Sua saukuneebis saistorio wyaroebSi sofeli xaSmi
kawareTad moixsenieba. xaSmis bazilika anu, rogorc mas
uwodeben, kawareTis sameba, agebulia V-VI saukuneebSi.
igi erT-erTi udidesi samnaviani bazilikaa saqarTveloSi.
Sua saukuneebSi eklesia safuZvlianad gadaukeTebiaT. _ am
periodisaa Sida teritoriaze mdebare koSki da sasaxle;
gvian Sua saukuneebSi ki aigo samreklo da moixata
eklesiis kedlebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Katsareti (Khashmi) (Sagarejo district)
13.00.

In historical sources the village is mentioned in the Middle
Ages as Katsareti. Khashmi Basilica or Katsareti Trinity was
built in V-VI century.It’s one of the biggest three-nave basilica
in Georgia.The church was changed in the Middle Ages.The
tower and palace belong to that period.In that period also
was built the bell-tower and the walls were painted.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

tabawyuri
tabawyuri saqarTveloSi moculobiT yvelaze didi
tbaa, romelic samcxe-javaxeTSi, zRvis donidan 1991
metr simaRleze mdebareobs. tbis qvabuli warmoqmnilia
lavuri nakadebis Segubebis Sedegad. sazrdoobs miwisqveSa,
Tovlisa da wvimis wyliT. wylis done yvelaze dabalia
TebervalSi. maRalia _ ivnisSi. iyineba dekembridan
martamde. wyali mtknaria da mdidaria TevziT.
Tabatskuri
Tabatskuri is the biggest lake in Georgia by volume which
is located in Samtskhe-Javakheti province on the altitude
of 1991 meters above sea level. The cavity of the lake was
created as a result of petrifaction of lava flows. It gets feed
from underground, snow and rain waters. The lowest level of
water is in February and the highest in June. It is frozen from
December to March. Water is fresh and rich with fish.

11
kvira
sunday

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

12

orSabaTi
MONDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

samwevrisi (qarelis raioni)
samwevrisis kompleqsi mdebareobs Zamis xeobaSi. SemaR­
lebul borcvze amayad dgas wm. giorgis (igive jvris)
eklesia, romelic VII saukuniT TariRdeba da Tavisufali
jvris tipis nagebobas warmoadgens. miuxedavad mcire
zomisa, igi xasiaTdeba SesaniSnavi wyobiT da daxvewili
formebiT. fasadebi martivadaa gadawyvetili, mxolod
sarkmlebia morTuli xveuli TavsarTebiT. taZarTan
axlos dgas aguris mcire zomis nageboba, romelic war­
moadgens am adgilis mflobel merab ciciSvilis saZvales
(XVI s). kompleqsis dasavleTiT mdebareobs cixe-darbazis
kompleqsi (feodaluri xanis), romelic moicavs koSks,
eklesias, galavans, sasaxlisa da sxva nagebobaTa nangrevebs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Samtsevrisi (Kareli district)

14.00.

Samtsevrisi complex is situated in Dzami gorge. The St.
George church (another name is Jvari) gracefully rests on
the high ground which dates VII century, and is a free-cross
type edifice. In spite of a small scale, it has a wonderful
order and exquisite forms. Facades are simply arranged,
only window is decorated with entwined framing. Near the
church there is a small brick construction which is a burial
site of the owner of this spot, Merab Tsitsishvili (XVI c). To
the west of the complex is located a compound of a fortresshall (of feudal era) comprising tower, church, fence, ruins of
a palace and other facilities.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

safara (axalcixis raioni)
safaras samonastro ansambli XIII-XIV saukuneebis mijnis
yvelaze mniSvnelovani Zeglia. mTavari dominantia wm.
sabas saxelze agebuli centralur-gumbaTovani nageboba,
romlis fasadebi da kar-sarkmlebi Semkulia lamazi
CuqurTmiT, interierSi ki daculia SesaniSnavi kedlis
mxatvroba. samxreT kedelze qtitorTa rigia. taZars Tavs
dahyurebs cixesimagre; ansamblSi aris ramdenime eklesia,
maT Soris sainteresoa `miZinebis~ eklesia, reliefebiT
da interierSi SemorCenili kedlis mxatvrobiT.
Sapara (Akhaltsikhe district)
The assembly of Sapara Monastery is the most important
monument of the XIII-XIV century. The dominating
monument is a dome-like chapel dedicated to St. Saba.
The facades and windows of the monastery are decorated
with sensationally beautiful ornaments. The interior of which
holds many precious frescos. The south wall is beautified
with a row of ktitors’ names. The monastery is overlooked by
a castle – fortress: the complex includes several churches.
Rock reliefs and remnants of the paintings in the interior.

13

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

14

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

qoroRo (duSeTis raioni)
mdebareobs mdinare xadas ulamazes xeobaSi; am patara
xeobaSi mravali sayuradRebo Zeglia, maT Soris ga­
morCeulia qoroRos RvTismSoblis eklesiis kopleqsi,
romelic moicavs mTavar taZars, mcire samlocvelos,
zurgian koSks da ramdenime sameurneo daniSnulebis
nagebobas. mTavari eklesia (X-XI ss) gamorCeulia imiT,
rom mis dasavleT fasadze lavgardans mTlianad gasdevs
saintereso reliefuri gamosaxulebani. aq warmodgenilia
mSeneblobis amsaxveli scenebi: xarebSebmuli urmiT
tvirTis gadazidva, qvis Tla, duRabis momzadeba, zurgiT
lodebis mitana da sxva.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Korogo (Dusheti district)
14.00.

Located in the fascinating gorge of river Khada; in this small
gorge there are many noteworthy monuments, among
them stands out Korogo complex of the Church of Virgin
Mary which includes the main church, small chapel, back
tower and several utility facilities. The main church (X-XI
cc.) is noted for its interesting relief images running across
the cornice of the western façade. There are scenes of the
construction represented here: hauling of a cargo by cart of
bulls, stonecutting, preparation of lime mortar, carrying of
boulders on the back, etc.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

2012

fokas monasteri (ninowmindis raioni)
dRes javaxeTis sofel fokaSi saqarTvelos sapatriarqos
rezidencia da moqmedi dedaTa da mamaTa monastrebia.
fokasTanaa is adgili (igulisxmeba faravnis tba), sai­
danac wm. nino SemobrZanda saqarTveloSi. aq arsebuli
eklesiebidan gamoirCeva wm. ninos saxelze agebuli,
uxvad moCuqurTmebuli mozrdili darbazuli eklesia;
samxreTis karis balavris qvaze amokveTil warwerebSi
moxseniebulni arian bagrat kurapalati, qarTlis kaTo­
likosi da sxv. eklesia 1030-40 wlebSia agebuli.
Foka Monastery (Ninotsminda district)
Today, in the region of Javakhaeti, in the village called Poka
is the residence of Patriarch and also a monastery for male
and female monks. The area of Poka (meaning the lake
of Paravani) is the place where St.Nino entered Georgia.
Amongst all the erected churches, the church dedicated
to St.Nino stands out with its richly ornamented passage.
On the southern wall, letters engraved in the Bolivari stone
commemorate Bagrat Kurapalati, Iovane Okropiri and many
others. The monastery dates back to 1030 – 1040.

15

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

16

paraskevi
FRIDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

manavi (sagarejos raioni)
manavis cixis Tavdapirveli aRmSenebloba X-XI saukuneeebs
ganekuTvneba, bolo ki _ XVII-XVIII saukuneebs; swored am
periodSi xdeba cixe kaxeTis mefis daviT II-is rezidencia.
erT dros grandiozuli cixisagan dRes mxolod mcire
fragmentebiRaa SemorCenili: ori eklesia, samsarTuliani
sasaxlis
nangrevebi
da
sameurneo
daniSnulebis
nagebobani. cixis samxreT-aRmosavleTiT, ferdobze, dgas
RvTismSoblis eklesia, romelic qarTuli gumbaTovani
arqiteqturis erT-erTi ukanaskneli nimuSia, agebulia
1794 wels.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Manavi (Sagarejo district)
Manavi fortress buildings originally belongs X-XI cc, the
last to the XVII-XVIII centuries.In this period it becomes
the residence of King David II. From the one of the great
fortress there are remaining only small fragments: two
churches, three-storey palace ruins and the agriculture
appointed facilities. To the South - east of the castle on the
slope,stands the church St. Mary one of the recent example
of dome architecture. It was built in 1794.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

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T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

samSvildis cixe-qalaqi (TeTriwyaros raioni)
naqalaqari samSvilde iberiis pirvel qalaqTa ricxvs
miekuTvneba. matiane mis aSenebas qarTloss miawers (Zv.w.
IV aTaswleuli). cixe-qalaqi sxvadasxva dros ramdenime
mflobelis xelSi iyo. XII s-Si daviT aRmaSenebelma igi
Turqebisgan gaaTavisufla. mogvianebiT mis dasabruneblad
ibrZodnen simon mefe da mefe ereklec, radgan samSvilde
yovelTvis iyo qarTvel mefeTa saimedo dasayrdeni.
naqalaqars ramdenime aTeuli heqtari uWiravs da sam
nawilad iyofa: dasavleT nawilad _ TviTon qalaqi
(quCebi), aRmosavleT nawilad -_ Sida cixe eklesiebiT,
romelTa Soris dominantia dRes nangrevebis saxiT
SemorCenili gumbaTiani taZari _ sioni (759-777 ww.)
da Sua nawilad, romelic cixis teritorias, citadels
ukavia. naqalaqaris teritoriaze sxvadasxva periodis
mravali Zeglia: eklesiebi, feodalTa sasaxleebi da sxva.
Samshvilde Castle – City (Tetritskaro district)

SabaTi
SATURDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

GE T T

Samshvilde is one of the first Iberian settlement. Historians
say, Samshvilde was built by Kartlos (the legendary
establisher and eponymous father of Georgia) (IV B.C.).
Throughout the history the castle-city was in hands of
several owners. In the XII century the King David the Builder
liberated it from the Turks. In Later years King Simon
and King Irakli fought for its return, because the castle
always been the most reliable stronghold of the kings. The
settlement occupies tens of acres and is divided into three
parts: The west part- the city (streets),the east part inner
fortress-churches where the ruins of dome-like cathedral
dominates - Sioni (759-777). The middle part of a settlement
is occupied by a citadel. On the territory of the settlement
monuments of different periods are present: churches,
feudal palaces and others.

17

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

18
kvira
sunday

marti/MARCH
09.00.

literaturuli Jurnali `ciskari~
yovelTviuri literaturuli Jurnali `ciskari~ 1852-53
wlebSi gamodioda da mas redaqtorobda giorgi erisTavi.
Jurnalis mizani iyo sazogadoebaSi erovnuli TviT­
Segnebisa da kulturis gaRrmaveba. 1857 wels gamocema
ganaaxla ivane kereseliZem da 19 wlis ganmavlobaSi
mkiTxvels asazrdoebda im droisTvis cnobili avto­
rebis nawarmoebebiT. 1957 wels Jurnali `ciskari~ kvlav
aRadgines, Tumca, gzadagza misi gamocema wydeboda.
2010 wlidan poetma da biznesmenma sergi kakalaSvilma
kvlav ganaaxla Jurnalis gamocema da misi TaosnobiT
`ciskari~”dResac agrZelebs saukunovan tradicias.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tsiskari Magazine of Letters
14.00.

Monthly literary magazine Tsiskari was published first in
1852-1853 and its editor-in-chief was Giorgi Eristavi. The
goal of the magazine was to spark national identity and raise
the level of culture among the readers. In 1857 publication of
the magazine was resumed by Ivane Kereselidze and for 19
years he furnished readership with the works of then famous
authors. In 1957 Tsiskari magazine was revived albeit its
publication during these years was sometimes suspended.
From 2010 the poet and businessman Sergi Kakalashvili
renewed “Tsiskari” and under his leadership the magazine
again continues centenary traditions.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

karabadini
karabadini Zvel saqarTveloSi samkurnalo wignTa saerTo
saxelwodebaa. aseTi tipis wignebidan Cvenamade ramdenimem
moaRwia. maT Soris uZvelesi da umniSvnelovanesia qanane­
lis (XI s) `usworo karabadini~ (usworo _ Seudarebels
niSnavs). wignidan vigebT, ra maRal doneze yofila
samedicino codna XI saukunis saqarTveloSi. im dros Cvenma
winaprebma ukve icodnen rogorc Sinagani organoebis,
aseve gadamdebi da memkvidreobiTi daavadebebis Sesaxeb.
karabadinebs Soris TvalsaCino adgili ukavia XV saukunis
gamoCenili qarTveli mkurnalisa da saxelmwifo moRvawis,
zaza fanaskertel-ciciSvilis originalur samedicino
Zegls, romelic `samkurnalo wigni _ karabadinis~ saxe­
liT aris cnobili. misi freskuli portreti daculia
yinwvisis monastris egvderSi, savaraudod, misi saflavic
aq unda iyos.
Zaza Panaskerteli

orSabaTi
MONDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

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15.00.

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Karabadini in antique Georgia is a general name given to
the medical books. From this type of books several have
been preserved to our time. Among them the oldest and
most important is outstanding Karabadini by Kananeli (XI
c.) (‘outstanding’ means ‘unmatched’). From the book we
learn how high was the knowledge of medicine in the XI
century Georgia. In that era the Georgians already knew
both internal diceases as well as infectious and hereditary
ailments. Among the Karabadini series, distinguished place
goes to an original medical treatise known under the title
of Book of Medical Treatment – Karabadini authored by a
noted Georgian healer and statesman of XV centurt, Zaza
Panaskerteli-Tsitsishvili. His mural portrait is preserved
in the chapel of the Kintsvisi monastery where his tomb is
assumed to be as well.

19

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

20
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

moswavle axalgazrdobis erovnuli sasaxle
moswavle axalgazrdobis erovnuli sasaxle mdebareobs
Tbilisis centralur, rusTavelis gamzirze. Senoba XIX
saukunis dasawyisSi aSenda. sasaxles Zalze saintereso
istoria aqvs. 1918-1921 wlebSi aq saqarTvelos demo­
kratiuli respublikis mTavroba iyo ganTavsebuli. swored
am sasaxlis TeTr darbazSi gamocxadda saqarTvelos
damoukidebloba; 1918 wlis 26 maiss, sasaxlis aivnidan,
saqarTvelos pirvelma prezidentma, noe Jordaniam, amcno
iq Sekrebil sazogadoebas am faqtis Sesaxeb. 1921 wels
ruseTis aneqsiis Semdeg aq sabWoTa saqarTvelos mTavrobam
daido bina. 1937 wels Senoba bavSvebs gadasces. 1941 wlis
2 maiss sasaxle sazeimod gaixxna da mas pionerTa da
moswavleTa respublikuri sasaxle ewoda.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

National Youth Palace
National Youth Palace is located in Tbilisi on the central
Rustaveli Avenue. The building was built in the beginning of
the XIX century. The palace’s history is quite fascinating. In
1918-1921 the palace was allocated for the government of
Democratic Republic. In the white atrium of the palace, the
independence of Georgia was declared. This announcement
was made to public from the balcony, in May 26, 1918, by
Noe joradania, the first president of the Nation. Followed by
the annexation of Russia in 1921, the palace became a home
for the Georgian soviet party. In 1937 the palace, however,
became a property of the kids. In May 2, of 1941 the palace
was declared as the “Pioneer palace”.

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18.00.

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eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

kus tba
kus anu qorqis tba mdebareobs Tbilisis gareubanSi,
Tria­leTis qedze, zRvis donidan 686,7 metr simaRleze.
tba ganTavsebulia mcire tafobze da warmoqmnilia
qanebis teqtonikuri moZraobis Sedegad. misi midamoebi
keTilmowyobilia, asvla sabagiro gziTac aris SesaZ­
lebeli, kus tba Tbiliselebisa da turistebisTvis
sayvarel dasasvenebel da gasarTob adgils warmoadgens.
tbaSi gadagdebulia varazisxevis wyali, garda amisa, igi
wvimisa da miwisqveSa wylebiTac ikvebeba.
Turtle Lake
Turtle lake is stationed in the outskirts of Tbilisi, on the Trialeti
mountain range, on 686,7 m hight above the sea level. The
lake is positioned on the small hollow and was formed as a
result of techtonic movement of rocks. The environs of the
lake are well-developed. It is possible to use aerial cableway
to climb up to the lake. Turtle lake is a favorite place of
recreation and leisure for Tbilisi dwellers and tourists. The
lake takes its feed from river Varaziskhevistskali, besides it
also takes its fodder from rains and underground waters.

21

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

22

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

saTaflia
saTafliis mRvime mdebareobs dasavleT saqarTveloSi,
wyaltubosTan axlos, zRvis donidan 360 metrze,
saTafliis saxelmwifo nakrZalis teritoriaze. mRvime
1925 wels aRmoaCina petre Wabukianma. saTafliis mRvime
msoflio mniSvnelobis karstuli mRvimea, romelic
mdidaria stalaqtidebiT, stalagmitebiTa da karstuli
warmoSobis fardebiT. misi sgrZe 900 m-ia, simaRle _ 10
metrs aRemateba. mRvime imiTac aris cnobili, rom mis
maxloblad napovnia dinozavris nakvalevi. aRsaniSnavia,
rom dinozavris nakvaleviT esoden uxvi adgilisTvis
jer arsad miukvleviaT. mecnierebma am dinozavrebs
,,saTafliazavri~ uwodes.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sataplia

14.00.

Sataplia Cave is located in western Georgia, near
Tskaltubo, at the altitude of 360 m above sea level, on the
State Preserved Territory of Sataplia. Sataplia Cave was
discovered in 1925by Petre Chabukiani. Sataplia Cave is
the karst cave of the world importance rich with stalactites,
stalagmites and curtains of karst origin. Its length is 900 m
and height more than 10 m. The Cave is known also for its
proximity to the footprints of dinosaurs. It should be noted
that there is no other place where dinosaur footprints
are in such abundance. Scholars called these dinosaurs
‘Satapliasaurs’.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

axalgoris ganZi
1908 wels qsnis xeobaSi, sofel saZegurTan, arqeologiuri
gaTxrebis dros aRmoCnda adrindeli antikuri xanis
arqeologiuri Zegli, romelic dRes `axalgoris ganZis~
saxeliT aris cnobili. ganZi Zv. w V-IV saukuneebiT
TariRdeba da miuTiTebs mxatvruli xelosnobis
ganviTarebis maRal doneze, agreTve mosaxleobis mkveTr
ekonomikur da socialur diferenciaciaze. axalgoris
ganZSi Semavali nivTebi warCinebuli qalis mdidruli
samarxeuli masalaa: oqros sasafeTqle sakidebi, sayureebi,
rkalgaxsnili beWdebi, romelTa farakebze fantastikuri
cxovelebia gamosaxuli, brinjaos rgolebi da lagmebi,
saritualo nivTebi, cxenis oqrosa da vercxlis
aRkazmuloba da sxv. axalgoruli tipis lagmebi
jerjerobiT mxolod saqarTveloSia aRmoCenili.

23
paraskevi
FRIDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Akhalgori Treasure
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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In 1908 during archeological excavations not far from the
village of Sadzeguri, in Ksani gorge, was discovered an
antique era archeological monument which today is widely
known as ‘Akhalgori Treasure’. The Treasure dates to V-IV
cc. BC and demonstrates high level of artistic craftsmanship
as well as distinct economic and social differentiation among
the population. The concrete items of the Treasure from the
grave should have belonged to a rich prominent lady and
they include: gold templar pendants, earrings, semi-circle
rings with images of fantastic animals on their tops, bronze
circles and bridles, ritual accessories, gold and silver horse
paraphernalia and others. The bridles of the type found in
Akhalgori until now have been found only in Georgia

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

24
SabaTi
SATURDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

giorgi saakaZe
giorgi saakaZe, romelsac xalxma `didi mouravi~ uwoda,
cxovrobda da moRvaweobda XVI saukunis bolos da XVII
saukunis privel mesamedSi. igi iyo gamoCenili saxelmwifo
moRvawe da didi mxedarTmTavari, romelic erTiani sa­
qarTvelosaTvis ibrZoda. saakaZis mier gadaxdili mraval­
ricxovani omebidan yvelaze mniSvnelovani iyo martyofis
brZola (1625 w), sadac man Tavisi Sesa­Zleblobebi maqsi­
malurad gamoiyena. giorgi saakaZes mamulebi bevr­
gan
hqonda, magram misi mTavari rezidencia nosteSi mde­
bareobda.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Giorgi Saakadze
Giorgi Saakadze who was nicknamed ‘Grand Mouravi’ lived
and conducted his activities at the end of XVI century and in
the first third of the XVII century. He was an outstanding state
figure and a great military commander who fought for the
united Georgia. Of the numerous wars waged by Saakadze
the most important was Martkopi battle (1625) where he
showed the utmost of his skills. Giorgi Saakadze had estates
in many places but his prime residence was located in Noste.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

Tavisuflebis moedani
Tavisuflebis moedani Tbilisis centraluri moedania,
mdebareobs Zveli Tbilisis raionSi. meriis Senoba aSenda
1824-25 wlebSi da mas `saqalaqo saxli~ ewodeboda,
1829 wels Senobaze daamontaJes saaTi. moedans sxvadasxva
dros sxvadasxva saxeli erqva: erevanskis, berias, leninis.
saqarTvlos prezidentis, zviad gamsaxurdias iniciativiT,
1991 wlidan mas Tavisuflebis moedani ewoda. moednis
centrSi aRmarTulia Tavisuflebis monumenti _ wm.
giorgis qandakeba, romelic moqandake zurab wereTels
ekuTvnis. igi sazeimod gaixsna 2006 wlis 23 noembers.
qandakeba Tbilisisa da TbiliselebisaTvis miZRvnili
zurab wereTlis saCuqaria; misi 9 metri simaRlisaa da
27 tonas iwonis. masze 2 kg. oqro daixarja

25
kvira
sunday

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Freedom Square
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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Freedom Square is the central square in Tbilisi. It is situated
in the old part of the city. The building of the City Hall was
constructed in 1824-1825 and it was called ‘City House’.
In 1929 a clock was installed on the tower of the edifice.
The square had born different names in different times:
Yerevanian, Beria and Lenin. From 1991 on the initiative
of the President of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, it was
called Freedom Square. In the center of the Square there
is a freedom monument – the sculpture of St. George on
the high column by artist Zurab Tsereteli. It was solemnly
inaugurated on November 23, 2006. The sculpture was
donated to Tbilisi and its residents by Zurab Tsereteli. Its
height is 9 m and weight 27 tonnes. 2 kg of gold were used
up for the coating of the sculpture.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

26
orSabaTi
MONDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

qarTuli alpinizmi _- mixeil xergiani
saqarTveloSi alpinizmis dasabamad 1923 weli miiCneva,
roca 18-kaciani jgufi myinvarwverze 5043 metrze
avida. 1934 wels ki qarTvelma alpinistebma dalaSqres
mwvervali uSba (4700m.), romelic erT-erTi urTulesi
mwvervalia mTamsvlelebisTvis. qarTvel alpinistTa Soris
gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs mixeil xergians, romelic
mTaze asvlisa da kldeze cocvis ubadlo ostati iyo.
ucxoelebma mas `kldis vefxvi~ Searqves. pirvelad igi
1948 wels mwverval bangurianze avida da im dRidan
moyolebuli, mravali urTulesi mwvervali dalaSqra. 1969
wels mwvervali su-alta, italiaSi, misTvis sabediswero
aRmoCnda. mestiaSi gaxsnilia mixeil xergianis muzeumi.
uamravi alpinisti cdilobs yovelwliurad estumros
saqarTvelos da daipyros umaRlesi da urTulesi
qarTuli mwvervalebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Geargian Mount Climbing – Mikheil Khergiani

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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It is considered that the start of Georgian mountain climing
took place in 1923. A group of 18 climbers headed by
G. Nikoladze reached the glacier summit on the altitude
of 5023 meters. In 1934 the Georgian mountain climbers
reached the peak of Ushba (4700 meters) that is presumed
to be one of the most difficult summits to climb. Among the
Georgian mountaineers a special place in its history goes to
Micheil Khergiani who was a great master of mountain and
rock climbing. Foreign colleagues dubbed him ‘a rock lion’.
In 1948 as the first experience he captured the summit of
Banguriani and starting from this day he climbed many most
difficult summits. In 1969 the peak Su-Alta in Italy turned out
to be fatal for him. In 1983 in Mestia was opened a memorial
museum of Khergiani.

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

uSba
svaneTi ulamazesi mxarea ara marto saqarTveloSi,
aramed mTel kavkasiaSi. igi waruSlel STabeWdilebas
tovebs mnaxvelze. aq Tavmoyrilia kavkasionis umTavresi
mwvervalebi, romelTaganac Tavisi grandiozulobiTa da
ganumeoreblobiT gamorCeulia uSba. uSba mdebareobs
kavkasionis mTavari qedis samxreT ganStoebaze, uSbis
qedze, zRvis donidan 4700 metrze. mas aqvs ori
mwvervali _ CrdiloeTis da samxreTis. CrdiloeTis
mwvervali samxreTisasTan SedarebiT 10 metriT dabalia.
alpinisturi TvalsazrisiT is urTulesad iTvleba da
100 uZnelesi mwvervalis siaSia Sesuli. saxelwodeba
`uSba~ svanuria. `uS~ niSnavs qariSxals, xolo `ba~ ki -_
mTas. svanurad `uSba~ qariSxlian mTas niSnavs.

27

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ushba
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Svaneti is the most beautiful region not only in Georgia but
in the whole Caucasus. It makes unforgettable impression
on visitors. Here are brought together the most important
summits of the Greater Caucasus Mountains among which
double-peaked Ushba is distinguished by its monumental
and inimitable nature. Ushba is located on the southern
slope of the main Caucasus Mountain Range, at the altitude
of 4700 m above sea level. It has two peaks – northern and
southern. The northern peak is 10 m short compared with the
southern peak. From mountain climbing standpoint Ushba
is believed to be the most difficult to climb and has been
listed in the 100 summits which are most difficult to climb.
The designation ‘Ushba’ belongs to the Svan language.
‘Ush’ means ‘Hurricane’, and ‘Ba’ means ‘Mountain’, thus
‘Ushba’ means ‘Hurricane mountain’.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

28

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

yanCaeTis Jamn-gulani
gulani aris saeklesio krebuli, romelSic Tavmoyrilia
saRvTismsaxuro wignebi. gulanis mokle redaqcias ewodeba
`Jamn-gulani~; Seicavs `Jamnsa~ da mokle svinaqsarul
sakiTxebs. Jamn-gulani originaluri qarTuli krebulia
da mxolod saqarTvelos marTlmadideblur eklesias
aqvs. cnobilia yanCaeTis eklesiis Jamn-gulani; es is
xelnaweria, romelic sxva qarTul saganZurTan erTad
1921 wels menSevikurma mTavrobam ucxoeTSi gaitana.
xelnaweri Sesrulebulia qaRaldze, misi zomaa 24X18 sm.
Casmulia tyavis ydaSi. gadawerilia 1674 wels onofre
mTiulis mier evdemon urbnelisaTvis. Sesrulebulia
nusxuri damwerlobiT, xelnaweri ilustrirebulia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Zhamn-Gulani of Kanchaeti

14.00.

Gulani is a religious collection comprising liturgical books.
The short version of Gulani is called Zhamn-Gulani (Book
of Hours) which contains ‘Hours’ and short synaxary
issues. Zhamn-Gulani is an original Georgian collection in
exceptional possession of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
Manuscript of Zhamn-Gulani from Kanchaeti church is
famous. This is the manuscript which together with other
Georgian treasuries was taken abroad by the Georgian
Menshevik government in 1921. Manuscript is made on
paper, its size is 24 x 18 cm and it is wrapped in a folder of
hide. It was rewritten in 1674 by Onopre Mtiuli for Evdemon
Urbneli. Performed in Nuskhuri script and illustrated.

15.00.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

beSqen da beqa opizrebi
qarTuli Weduri xelovnebis istoriaSi gansakuTrebuli
adgili uWiravs beSqen da beqa opizrebis Semoqmedebas,
romlebic XII saukunis damdegs moRvaweobdnen. maT Sesaxeb
biografiuli cnobebi ar mogvepoveba, savaraudod, isini
warmoSobiT klarjeTidan (dRes TurqeTis teritoria)
unda yofiliyvnen. beSqen da beqa opizrebma Seqmnes
saku­
Tari skola, stili da mas Cven `opizis mxatvrul
skolas~ vuwodebT. Cvenamde moRweulia beSqenis erTa­
derTi namuSevari _ berTis saxarebis vercxlis ydis
moWediloba; beqa opizris Semoqmedebidan ki _ ori
uni­
kaluri Zegli SemogvrCa _ anCisxatis macxovris
xatis CarCosa (saqarTvelos saxelmwifo muzeumi) da
wyarosTavis oTxTavis ydis (xelnawerTa erovnuli centri)
moWedilobebi.

29

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Beshken and Beka Opizrebi
In Georgian craft history Beshken and Beka Opizrebi hold a
very special place with their creative works (XII c).Biographical
records are not known,most likely their origin was Klarjethi
(today known as Turkey).Beshken and Beka Opizrebi are
creditied for founding their own school by the name of “Opiza
School of Art”.The only piece to survive is a silver plate
crafted by Beshken , and from the creation of Beka we have
two unique monuments: the frame of Anchiskhati (kept in the
State Museum) and the cover of Tskarostavi Gospel (kept in
the National Centre of Manuscripts).

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

30
paraskevi
FRIDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

kolxeTi
varaudoben, rom Zv.w. II aTaswleulis Sua periodSi dRe­
vandeli dasavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze Camoyalibda
qarTvel tomTa didi kulturuli areali, romelic
kolxeTis saxeliTaa cnobili. arqeologiuri gaTxrebi
adasturebs, rom aq kargad iyo ganviTarebuli xelosnoba da miwaTmoqmedeba. kolxur samarxebSi mravali saxis
sasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebis iaraRi da xelosnobis
araerTi unikaluri nawarmia aRmoCenili. kolxeTTan
mWidro urTierToba hqondaT Zvel berZnebs. maT kolxeTSi
daaarses qalaqebi: fazisi, dioskuria, gienosi, pitiunti.
dasavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze aRmoCenilia uamravi
moneta -– kolxuri TeTri. miTi argonavtebis Sesaxeb
xeTis simdidresa da siZliereze mianiSnebs. Zveli
kol­
berZnebi kolxeTs „oqromraval“ qveyanas uwodebdnen.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Kolkheti
15.00.

It is thought that in the middle of II millennium BC on the
territory of today’s Georgia was formed a big area of
Georgian tribes which is known under the name of Colchis
(Kolkheti). The archeological excavations provide evidence
that craftsmanship and farming was developed her. In the
graves of Colchis a lot of agricultural tools and numerous
unique items produced by artisans were unearthed. Colchis
had close relationship with the ancient Greeks. They founded
cities of Phasis, Dioskuria, Gyenos, Pitiunt. A lot of coins
– Colchis tetri - were discovered in Western Georgia. The
myth on Argonauts is also a sign of Colchis being rich and
powerful. Ancient Greeks called Colchis ‘Golden Bounty’.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

boWorma (TianeTis raioni)
boWormis cixe-simagre mdebareobs soflidan moSorebiT,
maRal qedze. ujarmis Semdeg igi kaxeTis erT-erTi
mniSvnelovani centri iyo. cixe vrcel teritorias
moicavs. aq ganTavsebulia sxvadasxva nagebobani: wm.
giorgis eklesia (X s) _ eqvsafsidiani, centralurgumbaTiani nageboba, sasaxle, mcire eklesia, cilindruli
koSki, karibWe, koSki, galavani, egreT wodebuli `mefis
darbazi~. wm. giorgis eklesiaSi SemorCenilia XII saukunis
mxatvroba, romelic am periodis erT-erT saukeTeso
nimuSad SeiZleba CaiTvalos.

31
SabaTi
SATURDAY

marti/MARCH
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bochorma (Tianeti district)
The fortress of Bochorma is situated on the high plateau, in
some distance from the village. Second in line of importance
after Ujarma, it was used to be one of the important centers
of Kakheti. The fortress encompasses a vast territory. There
are different structures located here: St. George church (X
c) – a six-apse, central-dome building, a palace, smaller
church, cylindrical tower, gates, tower, fence, so called
’King’s Hall’. In St. George church there are remnants of XII
century mural painting which can be considered one of the
best specimens of this period.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

1

kvira
sunday

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

beTania (Tbilisis Semogareni)
samonastro kompleqsSi SemorCenilia RvTismSoblis
Sobis saxelobis didi centralur-gumbaTovani taZari da
wm. giorgis saxelze agebuli mcire darbazuli eklesia,
romelmac saintereso warwerebi Semogvinaxa. didi taZari
(XII-XIII ss) yuradRebas iqcevs arqiteqturuli formebiTa
da sarkmelTa maRalostaturi moCuqurTmebiT. Sida ked­
lebi dafarulia SesaniSnavi mxatvrobiT. saRvTo sce­
nebis gverdiT warmodgenilia qtitoruli portre­
tebi:
samxreT kedelze _ eklesiis modeliT xelSi amirspasalari
da mandaturTuxucesi, erisTavTerisTavi sumbat I didi
orbeli, CrdiloeT kedelze ki -_ giorgi III, Tamar mefe
da laSa-giorgi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Betania (near Tbilisi)

14.00.

In this monastery complex survived very central dome
Cathedral of St. Mary and St.George small hall like church
which survived interesting inscriptions. The big cathedral
(XII-XIII centuries) attracts by its architectural forms and
ornaments. The inner walls are covered with the magnificent
paintings. The Holy scenes are presented along with ktitors’s
portraits:Sumbat I,Didi Orbeli.This cathedral is notable for
its wall paintings which include a portrait of Queen Tamar,
Giorgi III and Lasha-Giorgi.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

suxiSvilebi
qarTuli erovnuli baleti, romelsac msoflio su­
xi­
Svilebis ansamblis saxeliT icnobs, daarsda 1945 wels
iliko suxiSvilisa da nino ramiSvilis xelmZRvanelobiT.
ansamblma pirveli koncerti 1945 wlis 11 ivliss gamarTa.
1948 wels ansamblma pirvelad aziara msoflio qarTul
xelovnebas da, im dRidan moyolebuli, momxiblavi, war­
mtaci cekvebi ajadovebs dedamiwis xuTive kontinents.
ganuzomelia soliko virsalaZis damsaxureba ansamblisa
da zogadad, qarTuli kulturis winaSe;_ mis mier Seq­
mnil kostiumebs gancvifrebaSi mohyavda mayurebeli.
`qarTuli genia rokviT ganfenili~, ase uwoda qarTul
cekvas emigraciaSi myofma qarTvelma mweralma grigol
robaqiZem, roca JenevaSi myofma suxiSvilebis koncerti
ixila.

2

orSabaTi
MONDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

The Sukhishvili
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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366

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T

Georgian National ballet known to the world under the name
of The Sukhishvili Ensemble was founded in 1945 by Iliko
Sukhishvili and Nino Ramishvili. The first performance of
the Group was held on July 11, 1945. In 1948 the National
ballet first acquainted the world with the Georgian culture,
and starting from that day charming, breathtaking dances
have fascinated all five continents on Earth. Achievements
of Soliko Virsaladze are great and immeasurable both for
the National ballet and for the Georgian culture as a whole.
The costumes designed by him stunned the spectators.
‘Georgian genius glorified by a dance’ – those are the words
used by the Georgian writer in emigration, Grigol Robakidze,
who watched the Sukhishvili performance in Geneva.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012

3

www.paata.ge

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

qarTuli baleti
qarTuli klasikuri baletis istoria XIX saukunis
Sua wlebidan iwyeba. ruseTis mefisnacvalma kavkasiaSi
voroncovma manoxins yvela piroba Seuqmna sabaleto
jgufis Camosayalibeblad da marTlac, 1852 wels
Tbilisel mayurebels warudgines meore moqmedebis
nawyveti baletidan `silfida~. saqarTveloSi sabaleto
skolis fuZemdebeli iyo italieli mocekvave da pedagogi
maria perini. 1916 wels man TbilisSi studia gaxsna,
romelSic aRizarda legendaruli vaxtang Wabukiani.
1936 wels andria balanCivaZis musikaze Seiqmna pirveli
qarTuli sabaleto speqtakli `mzeWabuki~. swored
Wabukianis saxels ukavSirdeba qarTuli baletis Semdgomi
warmatebebi, romelmac brwyinvale epoqa Seqmna qarTuli
baletis istoriaSi. dRes mis gzas agrZelebs msoflio
baletis prima-balerina _ nino ananiaSvli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian ballet

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

History of the Georgian classic ballet starts in mid-XIX
century. The Russian viceroy in the Caucasus, Vorontsov,
created all conditions for Manokhin to bring together a
group of ballet dancers, and in 1852 the Tbilisi spectators
were offered a fragment from second movement of the ballet
performance ‘Selphida’. The founder of the Georgian ballet
school was Italian dancer and teacher Maria Perini. In 1916
she opened a studio in Tbilisi where Vakhtang Chabukiani,
an iconic performer of the Georgian ballet, studied. In 1936
composer Andria Balanchivadze created the first Georgian
ballet show ‘Mzechabuki’. It was Chabukiani with whom
further successes of the Georgian ballet were linked and
who created a brilliant era in the history of Georgian ballet.
Today this path is continued by prima ballerina of the world
ballet, Nino Ananiashvili.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

liana isakaZe
didia gamoCenili qarTveli meviolinis liana isakaZis
Rvawli erovnuli da msoflio musikis winaSe. 1982 wels
man daaarsa festivali `Ramis serenadebi~, romelic
afxazeTSi, biWvinTaSi 8 wlis ganmavlobaSi tardeboda.
SemdgomSi, afxazeTSi ganviTarebuli cnobili movlenebis
gamo, SeuZlebeli gaxda iq festivalis Catareba, amitom
man adgili Seicvala da baTumSi gadainacvla. 2011 wels
liana isakaZem festivalze metad uCveulo Semadgenlobas
mouyara Tavi, orkestri dakompleqtda socialuri qselis,
feisbukis meSveobiT da mas `feisbukis virtuozebi~
ewoda. festivali 2011 wlis 25 agvistos gaixsna baTumis
ganaxlebul saopero TeatrSi da gonios cixeze 3
koncertiT gagrZelda.

4

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Liana Isakadze
Formidable Georgian violinist, Liana Isakadze, has made a
great contribution to the development of national and world
music. In 1982 she founded ‘Night Serenades’ Festival
which was annually held in Bichvinta, Abkhazia, for 8 years.
Later, due to certain developments in Abkhazia, the Festival
became impossible to carry on. Therefore, the venue of the
Festival was changed and it was moved to Batumi. In 2011
Liana Isakadze managed to assemble very unusual line-up
of performers. The orchestra was made up via Facebook
and it was dubbed ‘Facebook Virtuosos’. The Festival was
opened on August 25, 2011, in the renovated Opera House
in Batumi and continued at Gonio Fortress with 3 shows.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

5

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

elene axvlediani
elene axvlediani (1901-1975ww.) iyo qarTveli fermweri,
grafikosi, Teatrisa da kinos mxatvari. 1960 wels mieniWa
saqarTvelos saxalxo mxatvris wodeba, 1971 wels ki
rusTavelis saxelobis saxelmwifo premiis laureati
gaxda. elene axvledianis individualuri stili yvela
JanrSi vlindeba, magram igi umTavresad mainc peizaJistia.
ganumeorebelia mis mier Seqmnili qalaqis peizaJebi. misi
namuSevrebis didi nawili inaxeba kerZo koleqciebSi,
nawilic _ saqarTvelos erovnul muzeumSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Elene Akhvlediani

13.00.

Elene Akhvlediani (1901-1975) was a Georgian painter
and graphic artist, cinema and theatre decorator. In 1960
she was awarded the title of People’s Artist of Georgia, in
1971 she became laureate of the State Rustaveli Prize.
The individual style of Elene Akhvlediani can be traced in
all genres, but she is first and foremost an urban landscape
painter. Town scenes depicted by her are inimitable. Most of
her pieces are kept in private collections, but some of them
are in the custody of the Georgian Art Museum.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

nikifore irbaxi
nikifore irbaxi (nikoloz ColoyaSvili) saeklesio
moRvawe iyo. man ganaTleba romis berZnul skolaSi
miiRo. Seiswavla franguli, italiuri, espanuri, arabuli,
Turquli enebi. iyo Teimuraz I-is elCi; 1626-1629 wlebSi
sagangebo misiiT moiara safrangeTi, italia, espaneTi,
germania, ungreTi, poloneTi. 1629 wels nikifore irbaxis
xelSewyobiT romSi daarsda qarTuli stamba. manve,
stefano paolinisTan erTad, Seadgina da am stambaSi
gamosca `qarTul-italiuri leqsikoni~. _ es iyo pirveli
qarTuli nabeWdi wigni. am stambaSi 1629 welsve daibeWda
meore qarTuli wigni _ `qarTuli anbani locviTurT~.
nikifore irbaxis saxe Semogvinaxa qristefore kastelma.
Niceforo Irbachi
Niceforo Irbachi (Nikoloz Cholokashvili) was a Georgian
Orthodox priest and religious activist. He was educated at
a Greek school in Rome. He learned the French, Italian,
Spanish, Arabic, Turkish languages. The king of Kakheti,
Teimuraz I, assigned him to lead an embassy; in 16261629 he visited France, Italy, Spain, Germany, Hungary and
Poland. In 1629 Niceforo Irbachi helped to set up a Georgian
printing house in Rome. In the same printing house, he made
up and published a Georgian-Italian Dictionary co-authored
by Stefano Paolini which became a first printing book in the
Georgian language. In the same 1629 he published a second
Georgian book, Georgian Alphabet with Prayers. The name
of Niceforo Irbachi was preserved for us by the Italian artist,
Cristoforo Castelli.

6

paraskevi
FRIDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

7

SabaTi
SATURDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

xareba

10.00.

qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesia 7 aprils dRe­
saswa­
ulobs mTavarangeloz miqaelis mier yovladwmida
mariamisTvis macxovris umankod Casaxvis xarebas.

11.00.

Annunciation

12.00.

On April 7 the Georgian Orthodox Church observes cele­
bration of the announcement by the Angel Gabriel to a virgin
named Mary, that she would immaculately conceive and
become the mother of Jesus the Son of God.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

2012

bzoba
aRdgomis wina kviras qristes ierusalimSi didebiT
Sesvlas xalxi palmis mwvane totebis gzaze dafeniT
miegeba. am dResaswauls qarTuli marTmadidebluri
eklesia bzoba-baiaobis saxeliT moixseniebs. maradmwvane
totebad saqarTveloSi bza aris miCneuli.

8

kvira
sunday

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

Palm Sunday
On Sunday before Easter Christ’s triumphal entry into
Jerusalem was welcomed by the celebrating people who
lay down green branches of trees. This religious holiday is
celebrated by the Georgian Orthodox Church under the
name of Bzoba-Baiaoba. In Georgia Bzoba is marked by
distribution of ever-green branches of mistletoe.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

9

orSabaTi
MONDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

9 aprilis tragedia
saqarTvelos istoriaSi bevrjer yofila mZime wuTebi;
gadauWarbeblad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom erT-erTi aseTi
9 aprilic aris, romelic qveynis istoriaSi samudamod
darCeba mZime Wrilobad. saqarTveloSi sabWoTa xe­
lisuflebis 70-wliani mmarTvelobis pirobebSic ki
TavisuflebisaTvis brZola arasodes ganelebula. disi­
denturi moZraobis sulisCamdgmelebi da liderebi
iyvnen zviad gamsaxurdia (SemdgomSi saqarTvelos prezi­
denti) da merab kostava. 1989 wels erovnul-ganma­
Tavisuflebeli moZraobis TaosnobiT, mTavrobis sasaxlis
win damoukideblobis moTxovniT imarTeboda mitingebi.
es ar moswonda kremls da 1989 wlis 9 aprilis Rames
umowyalod daxoces da dawamles mSvidobiani momitingeebi.
daiRupa 21 adamiani.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

April 9, 1989
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

There were a lot of tragic events in the history of Georgia;
without overstretching it can be said that one of these is
April 9, 1989 which will always remain a bleeding wound
in nation’s history. On February 25, 1921, Georgia fell
under Soviet rule, but struggle for independence in the
country never weakened. The masterminds and leaders of
this dissident movement were Zviad Gamsakhurdia (later
President of Georgia) and Merab Kostava. In front of the
Houses of Parliament massive peaceful rallies were held
with the sole demand of independence. Definitely, it was
not what the Kremlin would approve, and on April 9, 1989, at
early dawn, peaceful demonstrators were brutally cracked
down and poisoned. 21 protesters lost their lives.

eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

qaSueTi
qaDSueTis wm. giorgis eklesia Tavdapirvelad daar­sebulia
VI saukuneSi, igi dedaTa monasteri yofila; aq xSirad
Camodioda mTawmindaze moRvawe aTcameti asureli
mamaTagani _ mama daviTi. taZari tetrakonqis tipis
yofila. XVIII saukuneSi Tavadma gigi amilaxvarma Zveli
eklesiis nangrevebze imave gegmis axali eklesia aago,
xolo saboloo saxe (anu aRmSeneblobis mesame etapi)
taZarma 1904-1910 wlebSi miiRo. igi garegani formebiT
XII-XIII saukuneebis taZrebs waagavs; fasadebis morTuloba
cnobil qarTvel ostatebs, Zmeb aRlaZeebs ekuTvniT.
eklesiis Sida kedlebi Tavdapirvelad 1817-18 wlebSi
mouxatavT; XX saukuneSi ki eklesiis sakurTxeveli moxata
gamoCenilma qarTvelma mxatvarma lado gudiaSvilma.

10

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Kashueti
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

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T

The Kashueti St. George church originally was founded in
the VI century as a convent; father David, one of ‘Thirteen
Syrian Fathers’ who were preaching on Mtatsminda, used
to come here often. The cathedral allegedly was a fourapse building. In XVIII century prince Gigi Amilakhvari has
constructed the church of the same design on the ruins
of the old church, and the final appearance (on the third
stage of its construction) of the cathedral took shape in
1904-1910. Its outer forms resemble cathedrals of XII-XIII
centuries; ornate facades were fulfilled by noted Georgian
masters, brothers Agladze. The inner walls of the church
were originally painted in 1817-1818; in the XX century the
altar of the church was painted by an outstanding Georgian
artist, Lado Gudiashvili.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

11

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

berTis oTxTavi
berTis samonastro kompleqsi mdebareobs klarjeTSi,
mdinareebis _ karCxalasa da TaloSis xeobis Tavze
wamomarTul maRal mTaze. dRes es adgilebi TurqeTis
teritoriaa. monasteri grigol xanZTelis moRvaweobis
dros daarsda VIII-IX saukuneebSi. namonastralis
teritoriaze SemorCenilia eklesiisa da satrapezos
nangrevebi. berTis monasterSi iyo daculi berTis oTxTavi.
zoma 22X17, 349 furceli. Semkulia miniaturebiT, oTxi
maxaroblis gamosaxulebiT. yda moWedilia beSqen opizris
mier, romlis saxeli ikiTxeba ydis pirvel gverdze. yda
Semkulia 8 Zvirfasi qviTa da 3 margalitiT, gadawerilia
ioane opizris mier XII saukuneSi. dRes inaxeba xelnawerTa
institutSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Monks’ Four Gospels
Monks’ monastery is located in Klarjeti (Turkey) on the
high mountain, Taloshi-Karchkhal rivers valley. Now this
is Turkey territory.The monastery was founded at the time
of Khandzteli (VIII-IX centuries).There are the ruins of the
church preserved.The Four Gospels book was protected
by monks.It size is 22x17 cms, 349 sheets.It is illustrated by
thumbnails and images of four heralds.The cover’s first page
is decorated by Beshken Opizari,which name is read on the
first page.The cover of the book is decorated by 8 presious
stones and 3 pearls.The book was rewrited by Ioane Opizari
in the XII century and today is kept in Manuscripts Institute.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

sioni
sionis taZari pirvelad VI-VII saukuneTa mijnaze aSenda.
igi SemdegSi ramdenjermea gadakeTebuli da aRdgenili.
axlandeli taZari Tavisi ZiriTadi nawilebiT XII-XIII
saukuneebs ganekuTvneba. 1657 wels Tbilisis mitropo­
litma, elise saginaSvilma, samxreTidan eklesiis mcire
samlocvelo miaSena. 1850-1860 wlebSi eklesia Signidan
mTlianad moxata rusma mxatvarma grigol gagarinma.
samreklo, romelic galavanSia moqceuli, agebulia
1425 wels, misi zeda nawili ki XVIII saukunisaa. sionSi
dakrZalulia mravali qarTveli sasuliero moRvawe.

12

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sioni
The first Sioni cathedral was built on the boundary of VIVII centuries. It was later reconstructed and refurbished
several times. The main parts of today’s cathedral date to
XII-XIII centuries. In 1657 the metropolitan of Tbilisi, Elise
Saginashvili, has attached a small chapel from the south
of the church. In 1850-1860 the church walls were entirely
painted by the Russian artist Grigori Gagarin. The belfry
which is within the fence was built in 1425 and its upper part
in the XVIII century. Many Georgian spiritual figures and
various representatives of the Georgian noble families have
been laid to rest in Sioni.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

13

paraskevi
FRIDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

wiTeli paraskevi
qristiani adamianisTvis yvelaze mZimea qristes jvarcmis
dRe, romelic aRdgomis wina paraskevs aRiniSneba da
`wiTel paraskevad~ iwodeba. am dRis simboloa wiTeli
kvercxi, amitom TiToeuli marTlmadideblis ojaxSi
kvercxi wiTlad iRebeba.

10.00.

11.00.

Good Friday
12.00.

For any Christian the hardest day is the day of Christ’s
crucifixion which is observed on the last Friday before Easter
and is called ‘Good Friday’. This day is symbolically marked
by red eggs, therefore in families of all Orthodox Christians
eggs are painted in red color.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTuli damwerloba
qarTuli anbanis SemoRebas Sua saukuneebis qarTuli
istoriuli tradicia mefe farnavazs miawers (Zv. w. IVIII ss). farnavazma `ganavrco~ qarTuli ena samefos mTel
teritoriaze. dResdReobiT msoflioSi arsebul 14 anbans
Soris erT-erTi qarTulia. qarTuli anbani sami saxisaa:
asomTavruli, nusxuri da mxedruli. Zvel qarTul anbanSi
38 aso-niSani iyo. Tanamedrove mxedrulSi 5 maTgani aRar
ixmareba. asomTavruliT Sesrulebuli adreuli xanis
nimuSebi gvaqvs palestinasa (438 w.) da bolnisis sionSi
(493-94 ww). nusxuri damwerlobis pirveli nimuSebi
IX saukunidan gvxvdeba, xolo mxedruli X saukunidan
dasturdeba. nusxuri mxedrulTan erTad XIX saukunemde
ixmareboda, dRes ki Cven viyenebT mxedrul damwerlobas.

14
SabaTi
SATURDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian script
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

Georgian historical tradition of Middle Ages attributes the
introduction of the Georgian alphabet to king Parnavaz (IVIII cc. BC). Parnavaz disseminated the Georgian language
across the whole territory of the kingdom. Among the existing
in today’s world 14 original alphabets one is Georgian. There
are three forms of Georgian alphabet: Asomtavruli, Nuskhuri
and Mkhedruli. There were 38 characters in the old Georgian
script. In the currently employed Mkhedruli 5 characters are
not applied any more. Examples of the earliest Asomtavruli
are still preserved in monumental inscriptions in Palestine
(438) and the church of Bolnisi Sioni (493/94). The first
examples of Nuskhuri inscriptions belong to IX century, and
the first evidence of Mkhedruli script appearance dates to
X century. Nuskhuri, together with Mkhedruli, was applied
until XIX century. Today we use Mkhedruli script.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

15
kvira
sunday

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

aRdgoma
aRdgoma moZravi dResaswaulia da gamoiTvleba mTvaris
kalendriT. qristem jvarcmiTa da mesame dRes mkvdreTiT
aRdgomiT gamoisyida adamianTa codvebi da maT samoTxeSi
damkvidrebis SesaZlebloba misca. aRdgomis dadgomas
qarTveli
marTlmadidebeli
mrevli
saqarTvelos
eklesia-monastrebSi xvdeba. patriarqi ilia II saaRdgomo
liturgias aRavlens samebis sakaTedro taZarSi,
kiTxulobs saaRdgomo epistoles da locavs sruliad
saqarTvelos.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Easter

13.00.

Easter is a movable feast and its day is fixed in relation to
Moon calendar. By being crucified on the cross and rising
on the third day after crucifixion Christ atoned for the sins
of humans and provided them with the opportunity to settle
in the Paradise. Georgian Orthodox parishioners meet the
advent of Easter in churches and monasteries of Georgia.
Patriarch Ilia II serves Easter liturgy at the Trinity Cathedral,
reads out Easter Epistle and issues blessings to the whole
of Georgia.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
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daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

2012

saflavis qvebi
samarxis qvebis Seswavla saqarTveloSi XX saukunis
20-ani wlebidan daiwyo. saflavis qvebi gansakuTrebiT
mravlad gvxvdeba aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi, kerZod, qvemo
qarTlsa da javaxeTSi. safalvis qvis gverdiT nawilebze,
TuU mis zedapirze miTiTebulia micvalebulis vinaoba,
Tu ra asakis, profesiis adamiani iyo. qvebze gamosaxulia
salamuri, CaquCi, kombali, namgali, guTani, cxeni, Tofi,
xmali, xanjali da bevri sxva ram. TbilisSi, muzeumSi
`Ria cis qveSa~ inaxeba sofel tbisidan Camotanili
saintereso saflavis qva cxvris gamosaxulebiT, zurgze
eklesiis modeliT. es qva-Zegli unda aRemarTaT sasuliero
piris pativsacemad. igi XI-XII saukuneebs ganekuTvenba.
saqarTveloSi aRdgomis meore dRe micvalebulTa xsovnis
dRea. gadian saflavze, anTeben sanTlebs, saflavze
gadaagoreben wiTel kvercxebs.
Tombstones

orSabaTi
MONDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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GE T T

Studies of tombstones started in Georgian in the 20-ies
of the XX century. Tombstones are exceptionally frequent
in Eastern Georgia, to wit, in Kvemo Kartli and Javakheti.
On the sides of tombstones or on their top is usually an
iscription with the name of deceased, his or her age and
trade. Depictions of a pipe, a hammer, a cudgel, a sickle, a
plough, a horse, a rifle, a sword, a dagger and many other
items on the tombstone are frequently found. In Tbilisi, in
the open-air museum, is exposed an interesting tombstone
from the village of Tbisi with an image of a ram and a model
of a church on its back. This memorial tombstone was
earmarked for the honor of a churchman. Tombstone dates
from XI-XII centuries. In Georgia the day next to Easter is
dedicated to commemoration of the deceased. People visit
cemetaries, light candles and roll red eggs on the gravesite.

16

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

17

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

axtalis taZari
axtalis taZari mdebareobs Tbilisidan samxreTiT,
oTxmociode kilometrze, somxeTis teritoriaze. adre es
teritoria saqarTvelos ekuTvnoda. juanSeris cnobiT,
vaxtang gorgasals aq saepiskoposo dauarsebia, Tumca, V
saukunis taZris nangrevebi SemorCenili ar aris. dReva­n­
deli taZari augia ivane mxargrZels XIII s-is I meoTxedSi.
axtalis taZari XII-XIII saukuneTa mijnaze Seqmnil
centralur-gumbaTovan nagebobaTa jgufs miekuTvneba da
maT Soris yvelaze didia, Tumca, gumbaTi aRar aqvs. Zeglis
sxva nawilebi kargadaa Semonaxuli. STambeWdavia gumbaTis
nangrevebic. taZari gamoirCeva mdidruli dekoriT,
mniSvnelovania, agreTve, sakurTxevlis moxatuloba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Akhtala Cathedral

14.00.

The Akhtala Cathedral is located around 80 km south of
Tbilisi, on the territory of Armenia. In the past this territory
belonged to Georgia. According to the accounts of Juansher,
Vakhtang Gorgasali founded episcopal seat there, but the
ruins of the V century church have not been preserved. The
existing cathedral was built by Ivane Mkhargrdzeli in the first
quarter of XIII century. The Akhtala Cathedral belongs to
the group of central-dome buildings created on the brink of
XII-XIII centuries and is the biggest among them, however
it has lost a dome. Other parts of the monument are well
preserved. The ruins of the dome are also impressive. The
Cathedral is noted with its rich decorations. Painting of the
altar is also noteworthy.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

www.paata.ge

2012

xevsureTi
xevsureTi aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTiani kuTxea; mdeba­
reobs kavkasionis qedis CrdiloeT da samxreT kalTebze;
kavkasionis qedi mas piraqeTa da piriqiTa xevsureTad
yofs. piraqeTa xevsureTi mdebareobs kavkasionis qedis
samxreT kalTaze, xevsureTis aragvis xeobaSi da moicavs
barisaxosa da gudanis Temebs; piriqiTa ki _ CrdiloeT
kalTaze, mdinareebis -_ arxotiswylis, arRunisa da andaqis
xeobebSi da moicavs Satilis TemSi Semaval soflebs. XV
s-mde istoriuli wyaroebi xevsureTs fSavTan erTad
`fxovis~ saxeliT moixsenieben, XV s-dan ki _ xevsureTad.
aq bevri xat-salocavia, maTgan gamorCeulia gudanis
jvari, romelic mTel xevsureTSi umniSvnelovanes xatad
iTvleba.

18

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Khevsureti
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

Khevsureti is a mountainous region in eastern Georgia; is
located along both the northern and southern slopes of the
Great Caucasus Mountains; Great Caucasus Mountains
divide the region on Piraketa Khevsureti and Pirikita
Khevsureti. Piraketa Khevsureti (‘inward looking Khevsureti’)
is located on the southern slope o Caucasus Mountains, in
the gorge of river Aragvi, and encompasses the communities
of Barisakho and Gudani; Pirikita Khevsureti (‘outward
looking Khevsureti’) is situated on the northern slope, in the
gorge of rivers Arkhotistskali, Argun and Andaki, and includes
the villages of the community of Shatili. Until XV century the
chronicles mention the territory of Khevsureti, together with
the neighboring area of Pshavi under the joint designation
Pkhovi, but starting from XV century they name it only
Khevsureti. There are many worship sites and icons here but
the Gudani Cross should be distinguished which is recognized
as the biggest item of worship in the whole of Khevsureti.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

19

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

qarTuli futkari
qarTuli anu kavkasiuri futkari Tavisi bunebiTa da
mo­
nacemebiT erT-erT saukeTeso futkrad iTvleba
msof­
lioSi. qarTveli kacisTvis futkari iseTive mniS­
vnelovani iyo, rogorc venaxi. odiTganve qarTuli
jiSis futkari gamoirCeoda gamZleobiT, RalianobiTa
da araagresiulobiT. is kargad itans zamTris periods;
aqvs grZeli xorTumi, Tvinieria da axasiaTebs maRali
produqtiuloba (17,31 kg). qarTuli futkris Seswavla
XVIII s-is. II naxevridan daiwyo; 1886 wlidan saqarTveloSi
qarTuli deda futkris gamosayvani sajiSeebi Camoyalibda.
qarTuli Tafli saukeTeso TvisebebiT gamoirCeva; sanTlis
arayic xom qarTuli brendia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Georgian bee

14.00.

Georgian or Caucasus bee by its nature and characteristics
is considered to be one of the best bees in the world. For the
average Georgian bee was always as important as vineyard.
Since long time Georgian breed bee was distinguished by
its resilience, pollination and non-aggressive behavior. It
hibernates wintertime well; Georgian bee has a long trunk,
is smart and has high productivity (17,31 kg). Studies of
Georgian bee started from second half of XVIII century.
Since 1886 necessary works for arranging special centers
to breed Georgian queen bees in the country have started.
Georgian honey is noted for its best qualities. Candle vodka
is also a Georgian brand.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

laRiZis wyali
laRiZis wyali popularuli qarTuli gamagrilebeli
ualkoholo sasmelia. atarebs cnobili sazogado
moRvawisa da qvelmoqmedis, saqarTveloSi ualkoholo
sasmelebis warmoebis fuZemdeblis, mitrofane laRiZis
saxels. laRiZis meTodiT damzadebul sasmelebSi ar
ixmareba araviTari sinTezuri esenciebi da qimikatebi.
ualkoholo sasmelebis dasamzadeblad laRiZem pirvelma
gamoiyena warmoebaSi qarTuli xili. manve SeimuSava
xilis sirofis damzadebis originaluri meTodi, xilis
esenciebis receptura da miRebis teqnologia. mis mier
damzadebul sasmelebs miRebuli aqvs oqrosa da vercxlis
medlebi venis, peterburgisa da sxva gamofenebze. 1906 wels
mitrofane laRiZem TbilisSi Tavisi qarxana da maRazia
gaxsna.

20
paraskevi
FRIDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Lagidze waters
Lagidze waters is a popular Georgian soft drink. It’s named
after Mitrofan Lagidze, a well-known public figure and
philanthropist. Mitrofan Lagidze is considered as a founder
of Georgia’s non-alcoholic beverages production. He has
developed an unique method of making fruit and herbs
syrup without using any synthetic chemicals and essences.
Lagidze first used Georgian fruit and herbs in the production
and original formula-making technology. Lagidze waters
were awarded gold and silver medals on the Vienna,
Petersburg and other excibitions. The factory and shop was
opened in 1906 y.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

21
SabaTi
SATURDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

ali da nino
ali da nino _ siyvarulis qandakeba baTumSi, did interess
iwvevs mnaxvelebSi. moqandake Tamar kvesitaZem moZravi
liTonis qandakebebi Seqmna, qalis da mamakacis sxeuli
erTmaneTs uaxlovdeba da erTmaneTs erwymis. ali da nino
yurban saidis bestseleris _ `ali da ninos~ Seyvarebuli
gmirebi arian. _8-metriani liTonis qandakeba 2010 wlidan
dgas baTumis bulvarSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Ali and Nino
Ali and Nino ia a ‘Sculpture of Love’ in Batumi which sparks
big interest among the spectators. The sculptor, Ms. Tamar
Kvesitadze, created a movable metal figures where bodies of
a woman and a man approach each other and finally merge.
Ali and Nino are beloved protagonists of the bestseller ‘Ali
and Nino’ by Kurban Saidi. The 8 meter metal sculpture has
been standing in Batumi Boulevard since 2010.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

2012

baTumis delfinariumi
wlebis win daxuruli baTumis delfinariumi 2010 wlis
1 ivniss gaixsna. warmodgenebSi monawileobas 7 delfini
Rebulobs. axali delfinariumi SesaZleblobas iZleva,
delfinebis Sou erTdroulad 700-ma adamianma ixilos.
samomavlod dagegmilia, amoqmeddes axali servisebi:
delfinoTerapia da “`erTi dRe mwvrTneli~, romlis
farglebSic msurvels saSualeba eqneba, mTeli dRe
delfinebTan erTad gaataros.

22
kvira
sunday

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Batumi Dolphinarium
Batumi dolphinarium which was closed many years ago was
again opened on June 1, 2010. 7 dolphins take part in the
performance. New dolphinarium enables the crowd of 700
people to see the dophin show. New services are planned
to be introduced: dolphinotherapy and ‘One Day Coach’
whereby the wisher will have a chance to spend the whole
day with dolphins.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

23
orSabaTi
MONDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

barakoni (ambrolauris raioni)
barakonis RvTismSoblis taZars erT-erTi gamorCeuli
adgili uWiravs gviani periodis qarTul xuroTmoZRvrebaSi.
igi agebulia XVIII saukunis Sua wlebSi, kerZod, rogorc
warwera gvauwyebs, 1753 wels. warweridanve vgebulobT,
rom taZari rostom raWis erisTavis brZanebiT augiaT,
xolo xuroTmoZRvrad qarTleli ostati avTandil
Sulavreli mouwveviaT. gumbaTis yeli, fasadebi, sarkmlebi
da karnizebi mravalricxovani CuqurTmiTaa morTuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Barakoni (Ambrolauri district)
13.00.

Barakoni A St.Virgin Church,one of the last important
monuments of old Georgian domed architecture in Racha. It
was build in the middle of XVIII century and as we learn from the
inscription –in 1753. Also ,as we learn from the inscriptions it
was built by order of Rostom (Racha head ).The architector
was Avtandil Shulaveri.Dome throat,facades,windows and
cornices are decorated with numerous ornaments.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

kumurdo (axalqalaqis raioni)
kumurdos saepiskoposo taZari Tavisi epoqis dama­
xa­
sia­
Tebeli Zeglia, misi formebi saocari ostatobiT
gamoirCeva. centralur-gumbaTovani taZari (gumbaTi
amJamad Cangreulia) agebulia 964 wels xuroTmoZvar
sakocaris mier. sarkmlebi da karnizebi morTulia fa­
qizi CuqurTmiT. interierSi, gumbaTqveSa TaRebSi aris
reliefuri qandakebebi, sadac gamosaxulni arian sa­
qarTvelos mefis, bagrat III-is deda, guranduxti da misi
Zma, leon mefe. interierSi aris agreTve sxva moxatulobis
fragmentebic. taZari sainteresoa Tavisi epigrafikiTac.

24
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Kumurdo (Akhalkalaki district)
Kumurdo Episcopal monastery is a sagnificant monument
of its era. It stands out with its mastery in forms. The
Dome (currently not there) of the catehdral was built by an
archicecture named Sakotsari. Its windows and cornices
are decorated with delicate ornaments. The interior of the
cathedral is decorated with mural paintings, in which King
Bagrat III’s mother, Queen Guranducht and her Brother Leon
are depicted. Fragments of other paintings also reside in the
cathedral. Its epigraphic marks are making the cathedral
astonishingly interesting.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

25

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

mawoni
mawoni _ Zroxis, kameCis, cxvris an Txis aduRebuli
rZisgan damzadebuli tradiciuli, qarTuli rZemJava
produqtia. tradiciulad mas Tixis qoTnebSi adedebdnen.
igi qarTveli glexisTvis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani sakvebi
iyo. iaponelma mecnierebma daamtkices, rom swored mawoni
ganapirobebda kavkasiis mTis mosaxleobis sicocxlis
xangrZlivobas. savaraudod, mawvnis tradicia antikuri
saqarTvelodan modis. mawoni mdidaria vitaminebiT,
kalciumiT, fosforiT. igi awesrigebs kuW-naWlavis mo­
qme­debas; sasargebloa Zilis win erTi Wiqa mawvnis miReba.
Zvel TbilisSi memawvneebi Tavisebul qalaqur ko­lorits
qmnidnen. isini yovel sisxamze qalaqis ganapira soflebidan
Camodiodnen da aRviZebdnen qalaqs SeZaxiliT: mawoni,
mawoniiiiiiiiiiiii!

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Matsoni
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Matsoni is a traditional Georgian fermented product
resembling yoghurt and made of cow, bull, sheep or goat
milk. It was usually prepared in clay pots. It was one of
the important food staples for Georgian peasants. The
Japanese scientists proved that life expectancy of the
residents of mountainous Georgia was conditioned by
taking Matsoni. Allegedly tradition of Matsoni stems from
antique Georgia. Marsoni is rich with vitamins, calcium,
phosphorus. It regulates bowel movement; it is wholesome
to take one glass of Matsoni before sleep. In Old Tbilisi
Matsoni vendors created peculiar urban charm. Every
day early in the morning they would arrive in Tbilisi from
surrounding villages and would wake up the city by crying
out ‘Matsoniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!’.

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

qarTuli yveli
saqarTveloSi mecxoveleoba uZvelesi droidan iyo
gavrcelebuli. tradi­
ciulad, mravalferovania rZis
produqtebis warmoebac. maT Soris mniSvnelovania
erbo, yveli, mawoni, karaqi da sxv. saqarTveloSi yvelis
asortimenti mravalferovania, mniSvnelovani gansxvavebaa
aRmosavleT da dasavleT saqar­
Tvelos kuTxeebis
yvels Soris. dasavluri, anu imeruli yveli mzaddeba
mouxdeli rZisagan, samegreloSi metad popularulia
sulguni, romelic yvelis cxel wyalSi xarSviT miiReba,
gansakuTrebuli gemo aqvs Sebolil sulguns; aRmosavleTSi
popularulia _ TuSuri gudis yveli, romlis gemosa da
cximianobas misi teqnologia gansazRvravs. is cxvris
tyavSi mzaddeba da inaxeba.

26

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Cheese
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

Georgian is the oldest nation practicing livestock farming.
Manufacture of various kinds of dairy products was also
traditional. Important items among them are boiled butter,
cheese, Matsoni (Georgian yoghurt), butter and others.
The assortment of cheese in Georgia is rich and there is an
important difference in types of cheese between the regions
of western and eastern Georgia. The western, or Imeretian
cheese, is made of original (unskimmed) milk. In the west of
Georgia very popular is Suluguni cheese which is produced
through boiling of cheese in hot water, as well as smoked
Suluguni; in the eastern Georgia very popular is Gouda
cheese from Tusheti having traditional taste and fat content
determined by technology of its production. It is made and
stored in sheep hide.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

27
paraskevi
FRIDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

jruWis oTxTavi
jruWis oTxTavi saxarebis erT-erTi uZvelesi qarTuli
daTariRebuli xelnaweria. gadawerilia 936 wels da
moicavs 297 furcels. igi gadauweria gabriels, romlis
Sesaxeb
anderZ-minaweridan
vgebulobT;
xelnaweri
miniaturebiT Seumkia Tevdores 940 wels, rasac
agreTve minaweri gvauwyebs. oTxTavis miniaturebidan
gansakuTrebul yuradRebas ipyrobs RvTismSoblis
gamosaxuleba yrmiT, rac iSviaTi SemTxvevaa qarTuli
oTxTavebis mxatvrobaSi. TurqeTSi gatanili jruWis
oTxTavi SeusyidiaT da isev saqarTveloSi daubrunebiaT.
1920 wels eqvTime TayaiSvilma es xelnaweri jruWis
monasterSi dacul sxva werilobiT ZeglebTan erTad
saqarTvelos saistorio da saeTnografio muzeums gadasca.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Jruchi Four Gospels
Jruchi Four Gospels is one of the old dated Georgian
manuscript. It was rewritten in 936 and contains 297 pages.
It was rewritten by Gabriel that became known from a
footnote to his Will; in 940 the manuscript was decorated
with miniatures by Tevdore that is also written in the footnote.
From miniatures of the Four Gospels the most noteworthy is
the image of Virgin Mary with a boy, that is a rare case in the
Georgian Four Gospels paintings. Taken to Turkey Jruchi
Four Gospels was purchased and brought back to Georgia.
In 1920 Ekvtime Takaishvili passed on Jruchi Four Gospels,
along with other written memorial assets which used to
be under custody of Jruchi monastery, to the Georgian
Historical and Ethnographic Museum.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

fereidani
fereidani iranis erT-erTi Sida provinciaa. kaxeTSi Sahabasis 1614-1617 wlebis gamanadgurebeli laSqrobis Semdeg
sparselebma aqedan qarTveli mosaxleoba ayares da iranis
ramdenime raionSi Caasaxles. fereidanSi saqarTvelos am
kuTxidan ayrili 200 aTasi qarTveli gadaasaxles. maTi
STamomavlebi iq dResac cxovroben. marTalia, isini
gamahmadiandnen, magram SeinarCunes qarTuli ena da adaTwesebi.. ase Seiqmna iranSi qarTuli dasaxleba, romlis
mcxovrebTac Cven `fereidnel qarTvelebs~ veZaxiT.
lamis ukve 400 welia, rac isini fereidanSi cxovroben,
magram ar aviwydebaT, rom maTi istoriuli samSoblo
saqarTveloa.
Fereydan
Fereydan is one of inner provinces of Iran. After devastating
invasions of Shah Abbas in Kakheti in 1614-1617 the
Georgian population was displaced by persians and
violently relocated to several provinces of Iran. About 200
thousand Georgians from this region were resettled in
Fereydan. Their descendants live there until this day. True,
they became Muslims and observe traditions of Islam, but
have preserved the Georgian language and traditions. So,
this is how Georgian settlements in Iran evolved whom we
call ’Fereydan Georgians’. They have been living in Iran’s
Fereydan province for roughly 400 years but did not forget
that their historic homeland is Georgia.

28
SabaTi
SATURDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

29
kvira
sunday

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

anCisxati
anCisxati mdebareobs Tbilisis Zvel ubanSi, mtkvris
marjvena napirze. saxelwodeba `anCisxati~ gviandelia,
XVII saukunisa _ im xanebSi samxreT saqarTvelodan,
anCis monastridan, TbilisSi CamoabrZanes macxovris
xati, moWedili beqa opizris mier. manamde eklesia
`mariamwmindis~ saxels atarebda. anCisxatis samnaviani
bazilika Tbilisis ZeglTa Soris yvelaze Zvelia. igi
agebuli unda iyos VI saukunis dasawyisSi vaxtang
gorgaslis Svilis, daCis dros. taZari ramdenjermea
gadakeTebuli. eklesiis gawmendis Semdeg gamoCnda 1683
wels Sesrulebuli mxatvroba, romelsac 1814 wlis
mxatvroba faravda. samreklo agebulia 1675 wels, misi
TariRi da amSeneblis saxeli _domenti kaTolikosi _
moxseniebulia samreklos mTavari fasadis warweraSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Anchiskhati
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Anchiskhati is Located in the old neighborhood of Tbilisi, on
the right bank of river Mtkvari. The name ‘Anchiskhati’ was
given later, in the XVII century, when the ‘Icon of our Lord’
forged by Beka Opizari from Anchi monastery in Southern
Georgia was brought to Tbilisi. Before that the church
was named after Mother Mary. The three-nave basilica of
Anchiskhati in Tbilisi is the oldest among such monuments.
Allegedly it was constructed in the beginning of the VI century
during the reign of Dachi, the son of Vakhtang Gorgasali. It
was remade several times. After cleansing of the church
the murals of 1683 were revealed which were covered by
paintings of 1814. The belfry was erected in 1675, its date
and a name of the builder, Domenti Katalikosi, are included
in the inscription of main façade.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

anCisxatis macxovris xati
VI-VII saukuneebSi tao-klarjeTSi (dRevandeli TurqeTis
teritoria) safuZveli Caeyara anCis saepiskoposos. mTeli
Tavisi arsebobis ganmavlobaSi anCis saepiskoposo kaTedra
uaRresad mniSvnelovan religiur da kulturulsaganmanaTleblo centrs warmoadgenda. aq iyo dasvenebuli
macxovris xati, `anCisxatad~ wodebuli, romlis CarCoc
anCeli episkoposis dakveTiTa da Tamar mefis `nivTis
boZebiT~ XII saukunis bolos mouWedavs cnobil qarTvel
oqromqandakebels beqa opizars. amis Sesaxeb gvauwyebs
moCarCoebis qveda arSiaze Sesrulebuli warwera. mas
Semdeg, rac 1664 wels xati TbilisSi gadmoabrZanes
da erT-erT taZarSi daasvenes, taZars, xatis saxelis
mixedviT, anCisxatis eklesia ewoda. anCisxatis bazilika
dRes Tbilisis uZvelesi nagebobaa.

30
orSabaTi
MONDAY

aprili/APRIL
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Anchiskhati Icon
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

GE T T

In the VI-VII centuries in Tao-Klarjeti (now in Turkey) was
founded the Tao Episcopacy. During the whole period of
its existence the episcopal authority was very important
religious, cultural and educational center. Here was rested
the Icon of the Savior called ‘Anchiskhati’ (the icon of
Ancha) the metal frame of which was stamped out by a
famous Georgian goldsmith, Beka Opizari, on the order
of a bishop and ‘bestowal of the item’ by Queen Tamar in
XII century. The story is known from the legend which is
placed on the lower margin of its framing. After moving the
Icon to Tbilisi in 1664 and placing it in one of the Cathedrals
there the church where it is under custody was dubbed the
Anchiskhati Basilica. Anchiskhati Basilica today is the oldest
construction in Tbilisi.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

1

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

bagratis taZari
bagratis taZari Sua saukuneebis qarTuli arqiteqturis
erT-erTi saukeTeso nimuSia. misi ageba ukavSirdeba erTiani
saqarTvelos mefis _ bagrat III-is saxels. mSenebloba
1003 wels dasrulebula. es TariRi Semogvinaxa iatakis
mozaikurma warweram, romelic mocemulia arabuli
cifrebiT. es aris arabuli cifrebis gamoyenebis pirveli
SemTxveva saqarTveloSi. taZari warmoadgens centralurgumbaTovan nagebobas, trikonqis tipisas. dRes nangrevebis
saxiT SemorCenili kaTedrali mainc did STabeWdilebas
tovebs mnaxvelze. fasadebze SemorCenilia skulpturuli
reliefebi, kapitelebi (svetisTavebi) mdidruladaa
Tuli, maTze gamosaxulia cxovelebi, frinvelebi,
mor­
ornamentuli motivebi. taZari daingra Turqebis Semosevis
dros, 1698 wels.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Bagrati Cathedral (City of Kutaisi)
15.00.

Bagrati Cathedral is one of the masterpieces of the Georgian
medieval architecture. Its construction is connected with the
name of the king of unified Georgia, Bagrat III. Its construction
was finished in 1003. This date was preserved thanks to the
mosaic inscription on the floor in Arabic digits which is the
first case of using Arabic digits in Georgia. Cathedral is a
three-apse type, central-dome building. In spite of being in
ruins, cathedral still makes big impression on the visitors.
Sculptural bas-reliefs have been preserved on facades,
column caps are richly decorated with ornament images of
animals and birds. Cathedral was destroyed during invasion
of Turks in 1698.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

quTaisi
quTaisi erT-erTi uZvelesi qalaqia. mas berZnulromauli wyaroebi jer aias, mogvianebiT kolxeTis da
ufro gvian lazika-egrisis saxeliT moixsenieben. quTaias
saxe­liT is pirvelad moxseniebulia Zveli welTaRricxvis
III saukunidan. Semdeg mas `argonavtikis~ avtori, apolo­
nios rodoseli axsenebs, rogorc kolxeTis mefis
rezidencias. sxva TxzulebebSi igi Zlier cixesimagredaa
warmoCenili. quTaisis siZveleze, garda istoriuli
wyaroebisa, metyvelebs aq Catarebuli arqeologiuri
gaTxrebis Sedegad aRmoCenili nivTebi, romlebic Zveli
welTaRricxvis V saukunes ganekuTvneba. dRes quTaisi
saqarTveloSi meore qalaqia. mas sxanairad savardo da
samaiso qalaqsac uwodeben. amitomac, 2 maiss quTaiselebi
quTaisobas aRniSnaven.

2

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Kutaisi
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

Kutaisi is one of the ancient cities. The Greek and Roman
chronicles make reference to Kutaisi first as Aia, later as
Colchis and more recently as Lazika-Egrisi. As Kutaia the
city has been first referred to since III century BC. Later it
was mentioned by Appollonius Rhodius, author of the story
on Argonauts, as the residence of the king of Colchis. In
other annals it is described as a strong fortress. Other than
historical records, the evidence of Kutaisi’s ancient nature is
proved by archeological excavations conducted here and its
findings dating to V century BC. Today Kutaisi is the second
largest city in Georgia. It is called also the city of Roses
and Spring. Therefore, on May 2 the residents of Kutaisi
celebrate the Day of the City.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

3

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

qarTuli Wadraki
XVII-XVIII saukeneebSi saqarTveloSi wesad hqondaT
mziTevSi `vefxistyaosanTan~ erTad Zvirfasad nakeTebi
Wadrakis gatanebac. amas adasturebs vaxtang VI-is asulis
1712 wliT daTariRebuli mziTvis sia. swored aseT
faqtebSia saZiebeli qarTvel moWadrake qalTa warmatebis
saidumlo. XX saukunis dasawyisSi Wadraki saqarTveloSi
saxalxo TamaSi gaxda. 1962 wels saWadrako olimpze
amobrwyinda nona gafrindaSvilis varskvlavi. msoflio
Cempionis tituls qarTvelebi meoTxed saukuneze metxans
(1962-1991 ww.) flobdnen. qalTa Wadrakis istoriaSi
uprecednto movlena iyo, rodesac msoflio Cempionatis
finalis orive monawile erTi qveynis _ saqarTvelos
warmomadgeneli iyo. nonas Rirseuli memkvidre gamouCnda
maia CiburdaniZis saxiT, romelic yvelaze axalgazrda
Cempionia qalTa Wadrakis istoriaSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian Chess

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

In XVII-XVIII centuries Georgia there was a tradition to
include exquisitely made chess set in the dowry of the
bride together with Vepkhistkaosani (The Knight in the
Panther’s Skin). This is proved by a list of dowry items of the
daughter of king Vakhtang VI dating to 1712. Those are the
facts which explain the secret of success of the Georgian
female chess players. At the beginning of XX century chess
became a popular game in Georgia. In 1962 the world chess
throne was adorned by the star of Nona Gaprindashvili. The
Georgians held the title of world champion for more than a
quarter of a century (1962-1991). This was unprecedented
in the history of female world chess when the participants
of the final of world chess championship represented one
nation – Georgia. Later on appeared an adequate successor
to Nona in Maia Chiburdanidze who became the youngest
world champion in the history of chess.

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

dadianebis sasaxle zugdidSi
samegrelos mTavris daviT dadianis gardacvalebis Semdeg,
misma meuRlem-ekaterine dadianma ganaaxla Zveli sasaxle,
gaafarTova da CuqurTmebiT Seamko. sasaxle orsarTuliani
iyo da 28 oTaxisgan Sedgeboda. 1854 wels TurqeTis
sardlis, omar-faSas Semosvlisas es sasaxle ganadgurda.
mogvianebiT igi aRadgines da mis gverdiT aages dedoflis
memkvidris, _ niko dadianis sasaxlec. am or sasaxles Soris
mdebareobs RvTismSoblis gumbaTiani eklesia. dadianebis
sasaxle qarTuli saero xuroTmoZRvrebis saintereso
nimuSia. aq 1921 wels daarsda muzeumi, sadac inaxeba
dadianebis sagvareulo nivTebi da samegrelos eklesiamonastrebidan gadmotanili siwmindeebi.
Dadiani Palace in Zugdidi
After demise of the ruler of Samegrelo, David Dadiani, his
spouse, Ekaterine Dadiani, refurbished the memorable
palace, expanded it and decorated with ornaments. The
palace was a two-storey building and had 28 rooms. In 1854
when the Turkish commander, Omar-pasha invaded, this
palace was pillaged. Later it was restored and beside it was
built a palace of Niko Dadiani, an heir apparent to the queen.
Between those two palaces stands a domed church of Virgin
Mary. The Dadiani palace is an interesting specimen of the
Georgian architecture. In 1921 a museum was set up here
where Dadiani family chattels and worship items moved
from churches and monasteries are kept in custody.

4

paraskevi
FRIDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

5

SabaTi
SATURDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

zarzma (adigenis raioni)
zarzmis taZari XIV saukunis pirveli naxevris Zeglia.
aq, rogorc serapion zarzmelis cxovrebidan Cans, ufro
adrec (VII s) unda yofiliyo samonastro cxovreba.
taZris sarkmlebi da portalebi mdidruladaa morTuli.
kompleqsis sxva nagebobebidan aRsaniSnavia didi zomis
samreklo. taZris kedlis mxatvrobaSi didi adgili uWi­
ravs qtitorTa portretebs. samxreT kedelze gamosaxulni
arian samcxis aTabagebi: _sargis I, misi Svili beqa da beqas
Svilebi -_ sargis II da yvaryvare; CrdiloeT kedelze _
imereTis mefe bagrat III (1510-1565), romelic erTi
periodi ganagebda samcxes, sasuliero moRvawe serapioni
da giorgi CorCaneli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Zarzma (Adigeni region)

14.00.

Zarzma Monastery was built in the XIV century. Based on
Serapion Zarzmeli’s life, a monastic life should have been
present as early as in the VII century. The windows and
portals of the monastery are richly decorated and what is
worth mentioning is an oversized monument of the belltower. A large area of the walls is covered with the portraits of
Ktitors. The southern wall portrays these persons: Samtskhe
Atabagi Sargis I, his son Beka and Beka’s sons- Sargis II and
Kvarkvare. The northern wall portrays: Kind Bagrat III (15101565), ruler of Samtskhe in that period, religious figuresSerapion and Giorgi Chorchaneli.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

Wulevis wm. giorgi (adigenis raioni)
qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesia wminda giorgis
xsenebis dRes 2-jer aRniSnavs. 6 maiss wmindanis
aRsrulebis dRe aRiniSneba, 23 noembers misi borbalze
wamebis dRea. Wulevis, anu Wules taZari XIV saukunis
Zeglia; igi, safarisa da zarzmis taZrebTan erTad, am
periodis saintereso da unikaluri mniSvnelobis jgufs
qmnis. monastrisaTvis mSvenieri garemoa SerCeuli, TeTri
taZari SeWril xeobaSi mdebareobs da misgan asiode
metrSi ulamazesi CanCqeri gadmoedineba. interieris
moxatuloba Sesrulebulia mxatvar arsenis mier 1381
wels da waagavs safarisa da zarzmis moxatulobas.

6

kvira
sunday

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Chulevi Monastery of St.George
The Georgian Orthodox Church commemorates the St.
George feast day twice a year. On May 6 is commemorated
the day of demise of the Saint, and on November 23 the day
of his laceration on a wheel. The Chulevi, or Chule, church
is a house of worship dating to XIV century; along with
churches of Sapari and Zarzma it creates a church group of
the period noted for their interesting and unique importance.
For the monastery was picked a beautiful background. White
church is wedged into the gorge and in hundred meters from
it flows a gorgeous waterfall. The painting of the interior was
performed by artist Arseni in 1381 and it resembles the
frescoes of Sapara and Zarzma.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

7

orSabaTi
MONDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

walenjixa (samegrelo)
walenjixis macxovris taZari dgas qalaqis ganapiras, maRal
gorakze. kompleqsSi Sedis: samreklo, dadianebis sasaxle
(nangrevebi), galavani da sxva nagebobani. taZari agebulia
X-XII saukuneebSi da ganaxlebulia XIV saukuneSi, amave
drosaa Sesrulebuli moxatulobac, romelic ekuTvnis
berZen (konstantinepolel) mxatvar kir-manuel evgenikoss.
samegreloSi igi moiwvia vamey dadianma. mxatvrobaSi
igrZnoba bizantiuri stili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Tsalenjikha (Samegrelo region)
13.00.

The Tsalenjikha Cathedral Church of the Savior is located
on the frindges of the city, on a high mount. The complex
includes a belfry, the ruins of Dadiani Palace, a fence and
other structures. Cathedral was built in X-XII centuries and
renovated in XIV century. The painting of the church dates
to the same age. It was made by the Greek artist from
Constantinople, Cyrus Emanuel Eugenicus. He was invited
by Vamek Dadiani. A Byzantine style of artistry is visible in
murals.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

2012

jumaTi
jumaTis samonastro kompleqsi mdebareobs ozurgeTis
raionSi, soflis ganapiras, maRal mTaze. eklesia ganvi­
Tarebuli Sua saukuneebis epoqas ganekuTvneba. XV
saukunidan jumaTi guriel episkoposTa kaTedrali
yofila, XIX saukuneSi ki aq safuZveli eyreba saeklesio
skolas, romelic pirvelTagani iyo mTel guriaSi.
jumaTis taZarma mravali RirsSesaniSnavi materialuri
kulturis Zegli Semogvinaxa, maT Sorisaa XI saukunis wm.
giorgis oqros xati, romelic monastrisaTvis Seuwiravs
erisTavT-erisTav varden vardaniZes. am xatis mcire
fragmenti inaxeba ermitaJSi.

8

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Jumati
Jumati monastery complex is located in Ozurgeti district,
on the outskirts of a village, on a high mountain. The church
belongs to the advanced Middle Ages era. From XV century
Jumati cathedral appeared to be the seat of Gurian bishops,
in XIX century foundation was laid down here to set up a
church school, the first of such kind in whole Guria. The
Jumati cathedral has preserved for us numerous monuments
of material culture, among them a XI century gold icon of
St. George which was donated to the monastery by Grand
Eristavi (ruler), Varden Vardanidze. A small fragment of this
icon is in custody of Hermitage museum.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

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dRe

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2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

9

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

9 maisi
saqarTvelo, rogorc sabWoTa kavSiris erT-erTi respub­
lika, Cabmuli iyo meore msoflio omSi. qveyanam frontze
750 000 jariskaci gagzavna, saidanac 300 000 aRar
dabrunebula. raixstagzec, gamarjvebis droSa TanamebrZol
egorovTan erTad qarTvelma meliton qanTariam aitana.
araerTi qarTveli jariskacis gmirobis ambavs inaxavs omis
istoria. italiis erovnuli gmiri, fore mosuliSvili,
erT-erTi maTgania. igi italiel partizanebTan erTad
ibrZoda italiis ganTavisuflebisaTvis. man sakuTari
sicocxlis fasad TanamebrZolebs sicocxle SeunarCuna.
fore mosuliSvili sikvdilis Semdeg dajildovda ita­
liis respublikis umaRlesi samxedro jildoTi _ oqros
medliT `mxedruli mamacobisaTvis~, igi am jildos
mflobeli meore ucxoelia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

9 May
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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On June 22, 1941, without oficially declaring war, Nazi
Germany started all-out military offensive against the Soviet
Union. Georgia as one of the constituent republics of the
Soviet Union was engaged in the Patriotic War. Our nation
sent 750 000 soldiers to the battlefield wherefrom 300 000
soldiers never returned back at home. Heroism of numerous
Georgian servicemen went down to history of the country in
golden lines. The National hero of Italy, Pore Mosulishvili, was
one of them. He was a fighter who struggled for the liberation
of Italy shoulder to shoulder with the Italian guerillas. He had
saved lives of his fellow fighters at the expense of his own
life. After death Pore Mosulishvili was awarded the highest
military Order of the Italian Republic - Gold medal “For
Military Valor’. He is only a second foreigner to be awarded
this Order.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

vakis (gamarjvebis) parki (Tbilisi)
vakis parki mdebareobs TbilisSi, TrialeTis qedis ferdobze.
misi mSenebloba 1946 wels daiwyo; gadaWimulia 200 ha-ze.
tradiciulad, yovel 9 maiss, faSistur germaniaze gamarjvebis
dRis aRsaniSnavad samamulo omis veteranebi ikribebian
gamarjvebis parkSi. gmirobis dasturad, maT mkerds umSvenebT
ordenebi da samkerde niSnebi, moaqvT yvavilebi, usmenen
samamulo omisadmi miZRvil musikas da Zveli emociiT erTmaneTs
ulocaven gamarjvebas. samwuxarod, wlebis gasvlasTan erTad,
samamulo omis veteranebis raodenoba klebulobs.
Vake (victory) Park (Tbilisi)
Vake Park is located on the slope of Trialeti plateau. Its
construction started in 1946; it sprawls over 200 ha.
Traditionally, every May 9 veterans of the Patriotic war gather
at Victory Park to commemorate the date of the Victory
Day over Nazi Germany. As an evidence of their heroism,
they wear orders and pinstripes on their lapels and bring
bouquets of flowers, listen to the music dedicated to the
Patriotic war and congratulate each other with the Victory
Day. Unfortunately, along with passing years the number of
war vets decreases.

10

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

11

paraskevi
FRIDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

aWara
aWara saqarTvelos samxreT-dasavleT nawilSi mdebareobs.
mas `aWaris qveynad~ an `aWaris xevad~ moixseniebdnen.
leonti mrovelis cnobiT, Zv.w. III saukuneSi aWaris
teritoria qarTlis samefos, oZrxis saerisTavoSi Se­
dio­
da. XVI saukunis 70-ian wlebSi aWaras osmaleTi
daepatrona da mxolod 1877-78 wlebis ruseT-TurqeTis
omis Semdeg moxerxda misi gaTavisufleba. 1878 wels,
berlinis kongresis gadawyvetilebiT, aWara, samxreTdasavleT saqarTvelos sxva istoriul miwebTan erTad,
saqarTvelos SemadgenlobaSi Sevida. Tumca, 1921 wels
yarsis xelSekrulebis safuZvelze, misi garkveuli na­
wili osmaleTs darCa. 1921 wlidan aWara avtonomiuri
respublikis statuss atarebs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Adjara
Adjara is located in south-western part of Georgia. It was
called ‘Adjara land’ or ‘Adjara gorge’ in the chronicles.
According to accounts of Leonti Mroveli, in III c. BC the
territory of Adjara was a part of the Odzrkhi Saeristavo
(territorial unit) of the kingdom of Kartli. In 70-ies of the XVI
century Adjara was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, and
only after the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-1878 it became
possible to liberate Adjara. In 1878 on the decision of the
Berlin Congress Adjara together with other historical lands of
Georgia again became part of Georgia. However, according
to the Kars Agreement of 1921, certain part of Adjara
remained in the Ottoman hands. From 1921 on, Adjara has
the status of an autonomous republic.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

andria pirvelwodebuli
saqarTveloSi I saukuneSi qristes rjulis saqadage­
blad ieso qristes pirveli mociqulebi _ andria
pirvelwodebuli, svimon kananeli da mataTa SemobrZa­
ndnen. maT saganmanaTleblo moRvaweoba dasavleT saqar­
Tvelodan daiwyes da mravali gansacdelis gadatana
mouxdaT. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebluri eklesia,
andria pirvelwodebulis dRes 12 maiss aRniSnavs.

12
SabaTi
SATURDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

St. Andrew the First Called
In the I century AD the first prophets of Christ - St. Andrew the
First Called, Simon Kananaios and Matata arrived in Georgia
to preach the faith of Jesus Christ. They started educational
quest from Western Georgia and had to overcome a lot of
difficulties. The Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates the
St. Andrew’s Day on May 12.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
mariam Zis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

13
kvira
sunday

maisi/MAY
09.00.

Tamar mefis sazafxulo rezidencia geguTSi
egreT wodebuli `quTaisis qveyana~, antikuri periodidan
moyolebuli, sakmaod vrcel teritorias moicavda, sadac
sakulto nagebobebTan erTad didi mniSvneloba eniWeboda
saero daniSnulebis Senobebs. geguTis cixe-darbazi erTerTi aseTi unikaluri nagebobaa. igi qarTvel mefeTa
sazafxulo rezidencias warmoadgenda. mdebareobs qu­
TaisTan axlos, rionis marjvena sanapiroze. istoriaSi
SemorCa Tamar mefis rezidenciis saxeliT. mTavari darbazi
XII saukunisaa, ufro Zvelia `monadireTa saxli~ (VIIVIII ss.). sasaxle nangrevebis saxiTac ki grandiozulobis
STabeWdilebas tovebs. grandiozulia buxaric. gadmocemis
Tanaxmad, masSi nanadirevs mTeli taniT wvavdnen.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Summer Residence of Queen Tamar in Geguti

14.00.

The so called ‘Kutaisi land’ from ancient times engulfed
vast territories where ecclesiastical structures were
accompanied also by secular buildings. The fortress hall
in Geguti is one of the unique buildings of this kind. It was
a summer residence of Georgian kings. It is located in the
vicinities of the city of Kutaisi, on the right bank of river Rioni.
It remained in the chronicles of history under the reference
of the residence of Queen Tamar. The main hall dates to XII
century, even older is the so called ‘Hunters’ House’ (VII-VIII
centuries). The palace even in ruins makes impression of
grandness. Equally noteworthy is a fireplace. As the legend
goes, the spoils of the hunt were grilled in full body in the
fireplace.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Tamaris freskebi
qarTul kedlis mxatvrobaSi mravalad aris SemorCenili
istoriul pirTa da eklesiis amSenebelTa (qtitorTa)
portretebi, magram iSviaTi gamonaklisia, roca erTi
da igive pirovnebis oTxi portreti arseobobs. es aris
Tamar mefis gamosaxulebebi. maTgan yvelaze adrindelia
Tamaris freska varZiaSi (gamosaxulia mamis, giorgi
III-is gverdiT) _ es daaxloebiT 1185 welia. beTaniis
mxatvrobaSi gamosaxulia giorgi III-isa da Svilis -_ _
laSa-giorgis gverdiT. es mxatvroba Sesrulebulia 1207
wels. amave periods ganekuTvneba yinwvisis freskac, sadac
Tamari agreTve mamasTan da SvilTanaa gamosaxuli. xolo
berTubnis mxatvrobaSi Tamaric da laSa-giorgic samefo
niSnebiT arian gamosaxulni. es is periodia (1212-1213 ww.),
roca deda-Svili erTad mefobda. berTubnis freska amJamad
muzeumSia gadmotanili. 14 maisi Tamaris xsenebis dRea.
Tamar’s Frescoes

orSabaTi
MONDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

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GE T T

In the Georgian mural painting there are numerous portraits
of historical figures and ecclesiastical promoters (donors),
but it is a rare exclusion that four portraits of one and the
same individual survive. Those are depictions of Queen
Tamar. The oldest among them is Tamar’s fresco in Vardzia
(where she is displayed standing by her father, Giorgi
III) dating roughly to 1185. In the painting of Betania her
image is flanked by Giorgi III and her son, Lasha Giorgi. This
painting was performed in 1207. Kintsvisi fresco belongs to
the same period where Tamar is portrayed with her father
and son. In the Bertubani mural both Tamar and Lasha
Giorgi are displayed with regal insignia. This is the period
(1212-1213) when mother and son shared the throne. The
Bertubani fresco is currently exposed at the museum. May
14 is the feast day of Tamar.

14

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

15

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

argonavtebis nakvalevze
miTi argonavtebis Sesaxeb antikuri civilizaciis erTerTi uTvalsaCinoesi qmnileba da qarTuli kulturis
istoriis ganuyofeli nawilia. mas mravali kuTxiT
ikvleven, misi realurad arsebobis istoriis damtkiceba
udavod mniSvnelovania. swored amas Seecada ingliseli
mogzauri, mwerali da mecnieri tim severini. Tanamedrove
argonavtebma starti 1984 wlis 3 maiss aiRes saberZneTis
qalaq voloskidan, antikuri iolkosidan, saidanac
gamoemarTa iasoni saqarTveloSi. tim severinma srulad
gaimeora `argonavtebis~ laSqroba. axali `argo~“zustad
imeorebda rogorc legendaruli `argos~ marSruts,
aseve curvis wessac. am laSqrobiT man daamtkica, rom im
uZveles epoqaSi SesaZlebeli iyo berZnebi Camosuliyvnen
kolxeTSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Traces of the Argonauts
15.00.

Myth on Argonauts is one of the most outstanding creation
of the Ancient civilization and inseparable part of the history
of Georgian culture. It is studied from many angles, proof of
its historical reality is definately important. This was the aim
of an English traveller, writer and scholar Tim Severin. The
modern-day Argonauts started their voyage on May 3, 1984
from the Greek town of Voloski, ancient town of Iolkos, from
where Jason launched his trip to Georgia. Tim Severin fully
copied voyage of Argonauts. The new Argo not only exactly
repeated the route of fabulous Argo but also the manner of
sailing. By undertaking this voyage he proved that in ancient
era it was possible for Greeks to make it to Colchis.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

foTi
qalaq foTs antikur xanaSi fazisis saxeliT moix­
se­
ni­
ebdnen. igi daarsda Zv. w. VII saukuneSi da mniSvnelovan
saporto qalaqs warmoadgenda. fazisi istoriul
wyaroebSi moxseniebulia Zv. w. VIII saukunidan. miwaT­
moqmedebis, xelosnobis, keramikis da sxva dargebis
ganviTarebam igi kolxeTis mniSvnelovan savaWro qalaqad
aqcia. berZeni istorikosi straboni fazisis Sesaxeb
ambobs, rom qalaqSi 60 tomi iyrida Tavs da isini
sxvadasxva enaze laparakobdnen. 1858 wels foTi saporto
qalaqad gamocxadda, 1897 wels niko nikolaZis uSualo
xelmZRvanelobiT daiwyo foTis portis aRmSenebloba.
misi proeqtiT SemuSavda foTis gegma, aigo samoqalaqo da
saxelmwifo Senobebi, xidebi. foTis centridan yvela gza
ise gadis qalaqSi, TiTqos mzis sxivebi iSleba... amitomac,
foTelebi xSirad xumroben, aq ver daikargebi, yvela gza
foTis centrSi midiso...

16

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

Poti
16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

The town of Poti is called Phasis in the historical records. It was
founded in VII century BC and was an important harbor town.
Phasis is recorded in the historical annals from VIII century
BC. Development of agriculture, crafts, ceramics and other
industries made Poti an important commercial town. Greek
historian Strabo reports that about 60 tribes assembled in the
town speaking different languages. In 1858 Poti was declared
a harbor city, and in 1897 construction works of port facilities
started under the personal leadership of Niko Nikoladze. He
designed the plan of Poti development, led the construction of
civil and government buildings and bridges. From downtown
Poti all roads lead to the town like unfolding sunbeams… That
is why the residents of Poti often joke that one cannot be lost
here as all roads lead to downtown of Poti.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

17

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

ansambli `rusTavi~
qarTuli xalxuri sasimRero Semoqmedebis istoriaSi
oqros asoebiT Caiwera 1886 wlis 15 noemberi. am dRes
lado aRniaSvilis eTnografiulma gundma TbilisSi
gamarTa qarTuli xalxuri musikis pirveli koncerti da
sazogadoebas warudgina pirveli qarTuli profesiuli
gundi _ `qarTuli xoro~. amiT qarTulma xalxurma
sasimRero Semoqmedebam arsebobis axali forma SeiZina.
male mas mimdevrebic gamouCndnen, Camoyalibda ansamblebi,
gundebi. maT Soris gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs
saqarTvelos saxelmwifo damsaxurebul akademiur ansambl
`rusTavs~, romelic 1968 wels Seiqmna da ukve ormoc
welze metia msoflios acnobs qarTul kulturas.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Group of Singers ʺRustaviʺ

14.00.

In the history of Georgian folk singing the date of November
15, 1886, has been marked with golden letters. This day in
Tbilisi took place the first performance of the Georgian folk
music by ethnographic company headed by Lado Agniashvili.
The audience was presented by the first professional group
‘Kartuli Khoro’ (Georgian choir). Thus the Georgian folk
singing acquired the new form of creative work. There was
a sequel to this event, performers’ companies and groups
were founded. Among them the distinguished standing has
the State Academic Honored Company ʺRustaviʺ which was
founded in 1968 and since then, for more than forty years
the Company has been disseminating the Georgian culture
in the world.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTuli mravalxmiani simRera
iuneskos proeqtSi _ `msoflios aramaterialuri mem­kvi­

reobis Sedevrebi~, saqarTvelomac miiRo monawileoba.
iuneskos folklorul komisiaSi Sediodnen msoflios
gamoCenili mecnierebi, musikosebi, eTnomusikologebi,
romlebsac unda gamoevlinaT gamarjvebulebi. qarTuli
xalxuri simRera kacobriobis xelTuqmneli saganZuris
Sedevrad gamocxadda da 2001 wlis 18 maiss iuneskos
generalurma direqtorma, batonma kaiSiro macuuram
specialuri sigeliT daajildova. es iyo Cveni qveynis,
Cveni xalxis, Cveni winaprebis, Zveli momRerlebis udidesi
warmateba.

18
paraskevi
FRIDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Georgian Folk Song
In the project of UNESCO ‘The World’s Non-Material Heritage
of Masterpieces’ Georgia was one of the participants. In the
Folklore Commission of UNESCO were included outstanding
scholars, musicians, ethnomusicians of the world who
were tasked to name winners. The Georgian folk song was
pronounced to be an exceptional treasure of mankind, and
on May 18, 2001, UNESCO Director General, Mr. Kaishiro
Macuura, awarded it with a special Letter of Commendation.
It was the moment of great success for our nation, our
people, our ancestors, singers of previous generations.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

19
SabaTi
SATURDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

adiSis oTxTavi
adiSis oTxTavi saxarebis uZvelesi qarTuli daTariRebuli
xelnaweria. qarTuli kulturis es umniSvnelovanesi Zegli
gadawerilia Satberdis lavraSi 897 wels (zoma 30X25
sm). xelnaweri klarjeTidan wamouRiaT, mogvianebiT igi
mestiis raionis sofel adiSis macxovris eklesiaSi ipoves.
saxareba Sesrulebulia asomTavruli damwerlobiT,
oqrosferi melniT, or svetad; gadawerilia miqaelis
mier. xelnaweri Semkulia miniaturebiT. amJamad inaxeba
svaneTis istoriul-eTnografiul muzeumSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Adishi Four Gospels

13.00.

The Adishi Four Gospels is the oldest dated Georgian
manuscript. The most important written specimen of the
Georgian culture was written in the Shatberdi Monastery
in 897 (size 30x25 sm). The manuscript was brought from
Klarjeti and later it was found in the church of our Lord in
the hamlet of Adishi, Mestia district. The Gospels was made
in Asomtavruli script with golden ink, in two columns; it was
rewritten by Michael. The manuscript is decorated with
miniatures. The manuscript is now preserved in the Historic
and Ethnographic Museum in Mestia, Svaneti.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

zedazeni (mcxeTis raioni)
zedazenis mTis saxelwodeba adre aq aRmarTuli kerpis
_zadenis saxelidan momdinareobs. VI saukuneSi aTcamet
asurel mamaTa winamZRolma ioanem am mTaze daido
bina erT mcire qvabSi, romelic Semdeg salocavad
aqcia. swored aqedan gagzavna ioane zedaznelma Tavisi
mowafeebi qarTlisa da kaxeTis sxvadasxva adgilebSi
qristianobis gasavrceleblad. ioanes gardacvalebis
Semdeg misma mowafeebma aq mcire zomis eklesia aages da
Sigve dakrZales. am eklesiis gverdiT arsebuli samnaviani
bazilika ki VIII saukuneSia aSenebuli.

20
kvira
sunday

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Zedazeni (Mtskheta district)
Zedazeni Monastery named after the idol of fruitfulnessZaden erected on the mountain.The monastery was built by
Saint John, one of the Holly Assyrian Fathers in VI century
and after this he was named John of Zedazeni. He had a
small cave in the mountain where he prayed and sent his
disciples out to Kartli and Kakheti for the dissemination of
Christianity. After his death his disciples built a small church
where he was burried. In the VIII century another tree-nave
basilica was built nearby.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

21

orSabaTi
MONDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

Saori
Saoris wyalsacavi saqarTvelos mTian regionSi, raWaSi,
kavkasionis daTovlili mTebiT garSemortymul tyian
zolSi mdebareobs. Saoris garSemo ganTavsebulia raWis
ulamazesi soflebi: nikorwminda, TluRi da sxva. Saori
gamorCeulia Tavisi floriTa da fauniT, uRrani tyeebiT,
CanCqerebiT, samkurnalo wylebiT. Saoris unikaluri
klimati, zomierad Tbili zafxuli, zamTarSi maRali
mTe­­
bis daTovlili peizaJi, idealuri sufTa haeri da
Tavad Saoris tba, am adgils mimzidvel kurortad aqcevs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Shaori

13.00.

The Shaori Reservoir is located in the mountainous region
of Georgia, Racha, in the forest lane surrounded by snowy
peaks of the Caucasus Mountains. Around Shaori are situated
magnificent villages of Racha, like Nikortsminda,Tlugi and
others. Shaori stands out for its flora and fauna and dense
forests, waterfalls, healing mineral waters. Unique climate
of Shaori, moderately warm in summer and snowy summit
scenery of high mountains, ideally pure air and the Shaori
lake will make this venue an attractive rezort area.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

2012

nikorwminda (ambrolauris raioni)
nikorwmindis taZari agebulia 1010-14 wlebSi, igi
Tavisi formebiT qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis iSviaT
_ eqvskonqiani taZris tips warmoadgens. taZris karsarkmlebi da gumbaTis yeli Semkulia unikaluri
CuqurTmebiT. fasadebsa da portalebze warmodgenilia
originaluri reliefuri kompoziciebi, maT Sorisaa
`feriscvaleba~, `jvris amaRleba~, `meored mosvla~ da
sxv. interieris mxatvroba Sesrulebulia XVII saukuneSi
merab wulukiZis dakveTiT. kedlebze SeimCneva Zveli
mxatvrobis fragmentebic.

22
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Nikortsminda (Ambrolauri district)
Nikortsminda church is the most beautiful six-apse
configuration cathedral, caved in the stones.The oldest
script shows that is was built in 1010-1014 years. It is a rare
type of architecture.The temple is the shape of cross and
domes.The church door and windows are decorated unique
ornamens.The relief on the facades and portals present the
original compositions which are “The Transfiguration”,”the
Judgment day”,”the Ascension of the Cross”. The original
paintings of interior are destroyed.Current frescoes date
back to XVII century and was made by Merab Tsulukidze
order.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

23

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

Rebis arqeologiuri Zeglebi
raWis erT-erTi ulamazesi sofeli Rebi mdebareobs
zRvis donidan 1350 m-ze. aq aris mTavarangelozis eklesia,
aqvea Sua saukuneebiT daTariRebuli ramdenime Zegli.
es adgilebi uZvelesi droidan yofila dasaxlebuli,
rasac mowmobs aq Catarebuli arqeologiuri gaTxrebi.
gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania Zv.w. III-I saukuneebi. ormosamarxebi, sadac oqros samkaulebi, keramikuli nawarmi,
stilizebuli cxovelebis gamosaxulebebiani brinjaos
balTebi, vercxlis xaris Tavis qandakebebi, sardionis,
minisa da qvis mZivebi, agreTve, monetebia aRmoCenili. RebSi
napovnia agreTve Zv.w. XVI-X saukuneebis metalurgiuli
kerebi da gviandeli brinjaos xanis gora-samarxebi. raWaSi
Rebi erTaderTi sofeli iyo, sadac koSkebs agebdnen.
bis umravlesoba daangria;
samwuxarod, miwisZvram koSke­
dRes mxolod ramdenimea SemorCenili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Archeological Monuments of Gebi

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Ghebi - one of the beautiful village of Racha, is located
on 1350 meters above the sea level. There is a church of
Archangel and several monuments dating to medieval
times. These sites from antique times count cultural life
proved by archeological excavations conducted here. The
most important finds belong to graves which date to III-I
cc. BC where gold necklaces, ceramic artifacts, bronze
buckles with styled animal images, silver bullhead figurines,
cornelian, glass and stone necklaces as well as coins were
unearthed. Metal processing sites and graves dating Bronze
age were also discovered in Ghebi. In Racha Ghebi is the only
village where towers were built. Unfortunately, earthquakes
have destroyed most of them, only several towers survived
to our days.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

samTavro (mcxeTis raioni)
samTavros dedaTa monasteri mdebareobs mcxeTis SuagulSi.
kompleqsi aerTianebs did centralur-gumbaTovan taZars
(XI s), wm. ninos mcire eklesias, samreklos, galavans,
koSks da sacxovrebel Senobebs. didi taZris agebis
istoria cnobili ar aris. saxelwodeba momdinareobs iqve
axlos mdebare, erismTavarTa samflobelo adgilidan.
taZari uxvadaa morTuli CuqurTmebiT. interierSi
SemorCenilia moxatulobis fragmentebi. samTavros
taZarSi dakrZalulni arian pirveli qarTveli qristiani
mefe miriani da misi meuRle nana dedofali.

24

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Samtavro (Mtskheta District)
The Samtavro monastery complex is located in the heart
of Mtsketa. The complex consists of a central dome-like
cathedral Samtavro (XI century), a church dedicated to
St.Nino, a bell-tower and residential buildings. History of
establishment of the main chapel is unknown. The name is
derived from the nearby lords’ estate. The cathedral is richly
decorated with various ornaments. The interior hold many
well preserved mural fragments. In the main chapel resides
the graves of the first Christian King Mirian and his wife Nana.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

25
paraskevi
FRIDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

biblia
biblia qristianebisa da iudevelebis ZiriTad saRvTo
wignTa krebulia. iyofa or nawilad: Zvel da axal
aRTqmad. iudevelebi cnoben mxolod Zvel aRTqmas,
qristianebi ki -_ orives. axali aRTqmis pirvel nawils
warmoadgens oTxi avtoris: maTes, markozis, lukasa da
ioanes. Txzulebebi. roca oTxive nawarmoebi erT wignSia
moqceuli, maSin TiToeuli calke Tavad aris miRebuli
da mTel wigns `saxareba oTxTavi~ ewodeba. istoriuli
wyaroebiT mtkicdeba, rom biblia V saukuneSi ukve iyo
qarTulad Targmnili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bible
Bible is a collection of Christian and Jewish Holy Books. It
consists of two parts – Old and New Testament. The Jewish
recognize only Old Testament, and Christians do both. The
first part of the New Testament is represented by works of
four authors – Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Since the
works are placed in one Book, each of them is taken as a
chapter, and the whole Book is called ‘Four Gospels’. The
chronicles prove that Bible was translated into the Georgian
language in V century.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

damoukideblobis dRe
1783 wels, georgievskis traqtatis safuZvelze, saqarT­
velo ruseTis SemadgenlobaSi Sevida, romelic 1801 wels
srul aneqsiaSi gadaizarda. 1907 wels qarTvelma erma
haagis mSvidobianobis konferencias peticiiT mimarTa,
romliTac saqarTvelos kanonieri uflebebis aRdgenas
moiTxovda. 1917 wlis ruseTis revoluciam saqarTvelos
politikuri cxovreba Secvala. ukve 1917 wlis martSi
aRdga ruseTis sinodalur eklesiasTan 1811 wels ZaliT
SeerTebuli saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefalia. 1918 wels
22 aprils daarsda amierkavkasiis seimi, ris safuZvelzec
Seiqmna erovnuli sabWo. swored saqarTvelos erovnulma
sabWom 1918 wlis 26 maiss gamoacxada saqarTvelos
damoukidebloba.

26
SabaTi
SATURDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Independence Day
In 1783, in the aftermath of the Treaty of Georgievsk,
Georgia became part of Russia which morphed into a
full-scale annexation of the country in 1801. In 1907 the
Georgian people addressed the Hague Peace Conference
with a petition demanding restoration of Georgia’s legitimate
rights. In 1917 the Russian Revolution changed Georgian
political life – no later than March of 1917 the autocephaly
of the Georgian Orthodox Church, which was forced to join
the Russian Church in 1811, was restored. On April 22, 1918
Transcaucasus Sejm (Assembly) was founded on the basis
of which National Council of Georgia was shaped up. It was
a National Council of Georgia which declared Georgia’s
independence on May 26, 1918.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012

27

www.paata.ge

kvira
sunday

maisi/MAY
09.00.

ufliscixe (goris raioni)
kldeSi nakveT naqalaqars jer kidev adrindel
rkinis xanaSi Caeyara safuZeli (Zv. w, X-VI ss), xolo
Zv.w. VI-V saukuneebSi igi ukve erT-erTi uZlieresi
politikuri, ekonomikuri da kulturuli centri
iyo. ufliscixe saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi Zlier
cixesimagres warmoadgenda, misi saboloo dacema ki XV
saukuneSi moxda. naqalaqarSi SemorCenilia sxvadasxva
periodisa da sxvadasxva daniSnulebis kldeSi nakveTi
darbazebi, saTavsebi da calkeuli nagebobani, romlebic
maRalmxatvruli arqiteqturuli formebiT gamoirCevian,
maT Soris -_`kesonebiani darbazi~, `orsvetiani darbazis
(mTavari taZris) kompleqsi~, `mayvliani~ da sxv. Sua
ubanSi dgas ufliscixis eklesia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Uplistsikhe (“the Lord’s fortress”) (Gori district)
An ancient rock-hewn town has been initiated in the Early
Iron Age (BC, X-VI cc), while BC VI-V centuries, it has
become a powerful political,economic and cultural center.
Uplistsikhe many centuries was a strong fortress . Its final fall
happened in the XV century. The Settlements consist several
cave rooms,store rooms and other facilities which belong
to different periods and were made for different purposes.
There are also “kesonebiani Hall”,”orsvetiani Hall (Main
Temple) complex”, “Makvliani” and others. In the middle of
the site stands Uplistsikhe church.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

breTa (qarelis raioni)
breTaSi VI saukuneSi moRvaweobda erT-erTi aTcamet
asurel mamaTagani -_ pirosi. mis mier aq daarsebulma
monasterma da samonastro cxovrebam didi gavlena iqonia
Semdgomi, Sua da gviani Sua saukuneebis breTaSi arsebul
nayofier kulturul-saganmanaTleblo, mwignobrul da
religiur cxovrebaze. didi taZris Crdilo-aRmosavleT
nawilSi midgmulia wm. giorgis saxelobis eklesia-_
egvteri, romelSic mama pirosi aris dakrZaluli.

28
orSabaTi
MONDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Breta (Kareli district)
In the VI century, one of “The Holy Thirteen Syrian Fathers”
Piros, is known to have influenced with this monastic life,the
formation of religious and culture values in the mid and late
centuries of Breti. Today the church dedicated to St.George
“Egvteri” is located adjacent to the north-west side of the
main catehdral. “Egvteri” is the place where father Pirosi is
known to be burried.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
Tamuna janaSias foto
PHOTO BY TAMUNA JANASHIA

29
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

Jinvali (duSeTis raioni)
Zveli qalaqi Jinvali amJamad moqceulia Jinvalhesis
wyalsacaviT datboril zonaSi. Jinvali uZvelesi droidan
iyo dasaxlebuli, XII saukuneSi igi samefo qalaqia da
mas didi saxelmwifo moxeleebi ganageben. misi pirveli
mflobeli qarTlis erisTavTerisTavia, SemdgomSi _
Tbilisis amira da meWurWleTuxucesi, romlis CamoqveiTebis
Semdeg Jinvali da mTeli mTiuleTi sapatronod gadaeca
mandaturTuxuces Wiabers. naqalaqaris teritoriaze ga­
mov­
linda mravali istoriuli da arqeologiuri Zegli.
aq aRmoCenili unikaluri nivTebi daculia saxelmwifo
muzeumSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Zhinvali (Dusheti district)
14.00.

Old town of Zhinvali is currently in the flooding zone of the
water basin of Zhinvali HPP. Zhinvali was populated from the
times immemorial, in XII century it is a royal town run by a
big state officials. Its first owner was Eristav Eristavi (grand
ruler) of Kartli, later Emir of Tbilisi and Mechurchletukhutsesi
(finance manager) whose demotion led to the handover
of Zhinvali and the whole Mtiuleti (mountain) region to
Mandaturtukhutsesi (police chief) Chiaberi. Numerous
historical and archeological monuments were unearthed
on the territory of ruins. Unique items were discovered here
which are today under custody of the State museum.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2012

CiCxituri (daviT gareja)
daviTis lavra garejis mravalmTis monasterTa centrs
warmoadgens. daarsebulia erT-erTi aTcameti asureli
mamis, daviTis mier VI saukuneSi. lavrisa da garejis
sxva monasterTa aRorZinebaSi didi wvlili miuZRvis IX
saukunis gamoCenil moRvawes ilarion qarTvels. swored
misi garejis udabnoSi moRvaweobis periodSi Caeyara
safuZveli garejis ferwerul skolas, romelmac umaRles
ganviTarebas XI-XIII saukuneebSi miaRwia. CiCxituris
Sesaxeb istoriul wyaroebSi mwiri informaciaa. lavrasa
da naTlismcemlis monasters Soris mdgomi erTaderTi
nageboba CiCxituris oTxkuTxa koSkia. amJamad iq
azerbaijaneli mesazRvreebi dganan.
Chichkhituri (David Gareja)
David Lavra is the monastic center on Gareja plateau. It was
founded by one of the Thirteen Assyrian Monks, David, in
the VI century. Great contribution in the rebirth of Lavra and
other monasteries of Gareja was made by the outstanding
churchman of the IX century, Ilarion Kartveli. It was thanks
to his activities in the Gareja desert that the foundations for
the Gareja fresco painting school were set which attained
apex in its development in XI-XIII centuries. The information
on Chichkhituri in historical annals is scanty. The only edifice
standing between the Lavra and John the Baptist monastery
is the quadrangular tower of Chichkhuturi. Nowadays Azeri
border guards have a post there.

30

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

31

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

maisi/MAY
09.00.

mTawmindis parki
mTawmindis parki mdebareobs TrialeTis qedis aRmo­
sav­
leTiT, zRvis donidan 770 metrze. gasarTobi parki aq
1930 wels gaSenda, misi farTobi 100 ha-ia. misi mTavari
RerZia 210-metriani satelevizio koSki -_ anZa. mTawmindis
parkamde ori gza midis, erTi funikulioriT, xolo
meore -_ samanqano. funikulioris rkinigza 1900 wels
frangma inJinerma blanSma daaproeqta, misi sigrZe 501
metria. liandagis daxris kuTxe _ 28-330. misi mSenebloba
1905 wels dasrulda. mas aqvs sami gaCereba, Sua gaCereba
aris mamadaviTis eklesiasTan. zeda ki _ _ mTawmindis parki.
Tanamedrove parki gaixsna 2009 wlis 4 aprils. aq 60mde atraqcionia; maT Soris gamoirCeva eqstremaluri
kategoriis atraqcioni _ amerikuli mTebi, misi sigrZe
490 m-ia. simaRle ki -_ 524 m.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Mtatsminda Amusement Park is
15.00.

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18.00.

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The Mtatsminda Amusement Park is located on the eastern
slope of Trialeti mountain range, at an altitude of 770 m.
Entertainment park with the area of 100 ha was constructed
here in 1930. Its centerpoint is a 210 meter high TV Tower.
There are two roads leading to Mtatsminda park, one via
funicular railway designed by a Franch engineer, Blanch.
Its length is 501 m. The angle of the railtrack tilt is 28-330.
Its construction was over in 1905. The railway has three
stops, the middle stop beeing the Church of St. David, and
the upper one at Mtatsminda park. The running Amusement
Park was inaugurated on April 4, 2009. There are about 60
attractions here, including extreme ride American rollercoaster with the length of 490 m and height of 524 m.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

bodbe (siRnaRis raioni)
saqarTveloSi, ise rogorc 27 ianvars, 1 ivnissac wminda
ninos saxelis xsenebis dRes aRniSnaven. wminda ninos
saxelze araerTi taZaria aSenebuli. bodbis samnaviani
eklesia erT-erTi uZvelesi bazilikaa, romelic XIX
saukuneSi mniSvnelovnad gadaakeTes. saistorio wyaroebis
mixedviT, bazilika agebulia VI saukuneSi, wm. ninos
dakrZalvis adgilas (wm. ninos saflavi samxreTis
minaSenSia moqeculi). XIX saukunis restavraciis
periodisaa eklesiis kedlis mxatvrobac. monastris
Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT, xevSi mdebareobs mcire eklesia,
sadac wm. ninos saswaulmoqmedi wyaro gamoedineba.
bodbis monasteri saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi mniSvnelovani
kulturuli kera iyo.

1

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Bodbe (Sighnaghi district)
In Georgia, June 1, like January 27, is the St. Nino feast
commemoration day. There were built a lot of churches
after St. Nino’s name. The three-nave church of Bodbe is
one of the oldest basilicas which was significantly remade
in XIX century. According to the historical chronicles, this
basilica was built in VI century on the site of St. Nino’s burial
(St. Nino’s grave is located in the southern attachment to
the church). The murals of the church also belong to the
refurbishment period of XIX century. In the north-west
from the monastery, in the ravine there is a small chapel
from which flows a miraculous spring water of St. Nino. The
Bodbe monastery has been an important cultural center for
centuries.

15.00.

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18.00.

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2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2

SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

gurjaanis `yovladwmida~
gurjaanis `yovladwmida~ mdebareobs qalaqis ganapiras,
tyian mTaze. igi erTaderTi orgumbaTiani eklesiaa
saqarTveloSi da VIII-IX saukuneebiT TariRdeba. kedlebi
agebulia ZiriTadad riyis qviT; TaRebi, kamarebi da
sayrdeni boZebi ki agurisaa. taZari gardamavali xanis
damaxasiaTebeli Zeglia, sadac axali formebis Ziebam
originaluri Sedegi mogvca.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gurjaani Kovladtsmida Church (Gurjaani district)
The Gurjaani Kovladtsmida (the Dormination of the Virgin)
Church is situated in the city outskirts, on the forested
mountain. It is the only one two-cupola church in architecture
of early medieval period of Georgia (VIII-IX centuries).
Stones and bricks were used for the construction of the
church.The walls are built of cobble-stone, the arches and
carrying poles – of brick. The church is a typical monument
of the religious architecture’s transitional period where the
quest for new forms has given us original results.

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14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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zviad gulbani foto
PHOTO BY ZVIAD GULBANI

2012

skaldoba
aRdgomidan meSvide kviras, sulTmofenobis dResaswaulze
qvemo svaneTSi, skaldis mTavarangelozis monasterSi
skaldoba aRiniSneba. gadmocemis Tanaxmad, svanebi
lentexis SesasvlelSi taZars aSenebdnen, magram vera
da ver aaSenes. Semdgom gadawyvites, xarebisTvis uReli
daedgaT, mTavarangelozis xati daebrZanebinaT da saiTac
wavidodnen da sadac gaCerdebodnen, iq aegoT taZari.
swored im adgilas, sadac xarebi daRupulan, agebulia
mTavarangelozis taZari. svaneTSi amboben, mTas rom
gaxedav, xaris nakvalevi dResac emCnevao. eklesia-monasteri
gansakuTrebuli kulturuli mniSvnelobis kera yofila
dasavaleT saqarTveloSi. vinaidan am adgils wminda
adgilad miiCneven, qalebisTvis iq Sesvla akrZalulia.

3

kvira
sunday

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Skaldoba
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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366

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T

In seventh week after Easter holiday, during Trinity Sunday
feast in Kvemo Svaneti, in the Skalda monastery of
Archangel, is celebrated Skaldoba. As the hearsay goes,
the Svans in the entrance of Lentekhi were building a church
but to no avail. Then for Annunciation they decided to take
a bullock cart and to place on it an icon of Archangel and to
randomly walk in some direction for the purpose of building
a church somewhere at the venue of their stop. It is exactly
the site where bulls died that the church of Archangel was
built. They say in Svaneti that if one throws a glance at
mountains he will see traces of bulls even today. The church
used to be a special center of cultural importance in Western
Georgia. Since this venue is considered a holy one, women
are banned from entering it.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

4

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

lixauri
lixauris taZari mdebareobs ozurgeTis raionuli cen­
tridan 5 kilometrSi. darbazuli eklesia RvTismSoblis
saxelobisaa da agebulia XIII saukunis meore naxevarSi.
kedlebze SemorCenilia moxatulobis fragmentebi. sain­
te­
reso Zegls warmoadgens lixauris samreklo, rome­
lic warweris mixedviT, agebulia 1422 wels. masze
vkiTxulobT: `qoronikonsa 110(=1422 w.) yovlad wmindao
RvTismSobelo rexoelisao Seiwyale grigol gurieli
da dedofali elene amin da kirileison~. warwera
moTavsebulia lamazad moCuqurTmebul qvaze. lixaurSi
aris mozrdili cixis nangrevebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Likhauri
14.00.

Likhauri Church is located in 5 km from Ozurgeti district
centre. The hall-type church is named after Virgin Mary
and was built in the second half of the XIII century. Some
fragments of mural painting have been saved. The Likhauri
belfry is an interesting monument which according to its
inscription was erected in 1422. It is written in the inscription:
“In Coronikon 110(=1422) Virgin Mary, forgive Grigol Gurieli
and a queen Elene, Amen.” Inscription is placed on a
beautiful ornate stone. In Likhauri there are ruins of a rather
bid fortress.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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laSa zarginavas foto
PHOTO BY LASHA ZARGINAVA

2012

eqvTime TayaiSvili
gamoCenili qarTveli mecnieri, istorikosi, arqeologi
eqvTime TayaiSvili daibada 1862 wlis 5ivniss (sxva
versiiT 3 ianvars). Tavisi moRvaweobis manZilze man didi
yuradReba dauTmo qarTuli xelnawerebis moZiebas da
Seswavlas. 1902-10 wlebSi ramdenjerme imogzaura mesxeTjavaxeTSi. aRwera da wignad gamosca tao-klarjeTis
Zeglebi. 1907 wels misi TaosnobiT daarsda saqarTvelos
saistorio da saeTnografio sazogadoeba. ganuzomelia
misi Rvawli qarTveli eris saganZuris gadarCenis saqmeSi.
1921 wels, ruseTis mier saqarTvelos aneqsiis Semdeg man
damoukidebeli saqarTvelos mTavrobasTan erTad datova
samSoblo da ganZs meTvalyured gahyva emigraciaSi.
miuxedavad didi gaWirvebisa, eqvTime TayaiSvilma
saqarTvelos daubruna erovnuli saunje. mis mSobliur
lixaurSi dRes eqvTime TayaiSvilis saxl-muzeumia.
Ekvtime Takaishvili

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

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18.00.

O

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Distinguished Georgian scholar, historian, archeologist
Ekvtime Takaishvili was barn in January 3,1862 y. All his life
he paid big attention to the search and study of Georgian
manuscripts. In 1902-1910 he made several trips to
Meskheti-Javakheti the big part of which is today in Turkey
and published a book where he examined the monuments of
Tao-Klarjeti. On his initiative in 1907 the Society of History
and Ethnography of Georgia was founded. His contribution
to saving the National treasury of the Georgian people is
unmatched. In 1921, after annexation of Georgia by Russia,
he left his homeland together with the Georgian government,
and followed the National treasury as its guardian in
emigration. In spite of big hardships, Ekvtime Takaishvili
returned the National treasury to the people of Georgia.

5

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2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

6

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

lomisoba
lomisas wm. giorgis eklesia mdebareobs qsnisa da
arag­
vis wyalgamyof qedze. igi erT-erTi ganTqmuli
salocavia saqarTveloSi. lomisobis Catarebis TariRi
da­
kavSirebulia aRdgomis brwyinvale dResaswulTan, igi
sulT­mofenobis Semdeg oTxSabaTs aRiniSNeba. lomisa mTvaris
salocavi unda yofiliyo, romelic qristianuli taZris
aSenebis Semdeg wm. giorgis eklesiad iqca. saxelwodeba
`loma _ xars~ ukavSirdeba. dRevandeli eklesia VIII-IX
saukuneebisaa, irgvliv sxvadasxva daniSnulebis nagebobaTa
naSTebia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Lomisoba (Dusheti district)
Lomisi St.Giorgi church is located in Aragvi and Ksani gorges.
Before Christianity Lomis used to be very importana god in
Mtiuleti province.After Christianity entered the province,on
the Holy mountaint of Lomisa was built St.Giorgi’s Church
and brought icon of St.Giorig,which was called St.Giorgi of
Lomisa.This church belongs to VIII-IX cc. Lomisoba Festival
has many pagan rituals,like animal sacrification. Festival
takes place on seventh week after Easter.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

abasTumani
abasTumani XIX saukunis 70-ian wlebSi mdinare ocxes
xeobaSi aRmocenebuli wiwvovani tyiT Semosili kurortia.
igi mesxeTis qedis samxreT kalTaze, zRvis donidan 1340
m. simaRleze mdebareobs. samkurnalo Tvisebebis mqone
mTis havam da mravali mineraluri wyaros arsebobam
ganapiroba mesxeTis qedze klimaturi da balneologiuri
kurortebis ganviTareba. maT Soris gamoirCeva abasTumani,
romelic tuberkulioziT daavadebulTaTvis saukeTeso
samkurnalo adgilia. abasTumanSi, yanobilis mTaze, zRvis
donidan 1700 metrze, funqcionirebs astorfizikuri
observatoria, romelic 1932 w. daarsda profesor evgeni
xaraZis TaosnobiT.
Abastumani
Abastumani is a resort founded in the 70-ies of the XIX
century and surrounded by coniferous forests in Otskhe
gorge. It is located on the southern slope of Meskheti range,
at the altitude of 1340 m above sea level. The mountaineous
healing climate and numerous mineral water springs have
facilitated development of climatic spa resorts on Meskheti
mountain range. Among them Abastumani plays exceptional
role which is the best place for treatment of tuberculosis.
On the mount Kanobili, at the altitude of 1700 m above
sea level, is stationed the Georgian National Astrophysical
Observatory which was founded in 1932 on the initiative of
Professor Evgeni Kharadze.

7

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

8

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

caiSi (zugdidis raioni_)
caiSis monasteri mdebareobs zugdididan 10 km-Si.
RvTis­
mSoblis jvar-gumbaTovani taZari Tavisi epoqis
damaxasiaTebeli Zeglia; masze samSeneblo warwera ar
SemorCenila, magram stilisturad igi XIII-XIV sau­
kuneebis mijnas ganekuTvneba. taZari da samreklo Sem­
kulia CuqurTmebiT da ornamentebiT; sainteresoa
samrek­
los CrdiloeT fasadis reliefi, romelzedac
qtitorebi arian gamosaxulni. monastris teritoriaze
aris palatis nangrevebi. taZarSi daculia XVII saukunis
saintereso moxatuloba `saRvTo scenebiTa~ da qtitorTa
portretebiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tsaishi (Zugdidi district)
14.00.

The Tsaishi monastery is located some 10 km from Zugdidi.
The Virgin Mary cross-dome cathedral is a typical monument
of its epoch; there is no construction inscription on it, but
stylistically it belongs to the boundary of XIII-XIV centuries.
The cathedral and the belfry are decorated with ornaments;
relief depicted on the northern façade of the belfry is
interesting as it includes images of promoters. There are
ruins of chamber on the territory. Interesting ktitors of the
XVII century with ‘Holy Scenes’ and portraits of promoters
are protected in the cathedral.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

megruli samzareulo
qarTuli samzareulo mdidaria Tavisi originaluri
ker­
ZebiT. qarTuli sufra mravalferovania yvela kuT­
xis tradiciuli saWmelebiT. samegreloSi, rogorc
mesa­
qonleobis da simindis kulturis mxareSi, gamor­
Ceulad ucnaur da gemriel kerZebs amzadeben simindis
fqvilisgan da rZis produqtebisgan. megruli xaWapuri,
mWadi, RerRilis (msxvilad dafqvili simindi) Romi,
elarji, sulguni, Sebolili sulguni, gebJalia, WviS­
tari, megruli xarCo, kupati, kuWmaWi, ajika megruli
samzareulos mravalferovnebas xazs usvams. am kuTxis
kerZebi gamoirCeva Taviseburi gemoTi da gansakuTrebuli
sicxariT.
Megrelian Cuisine
The Georgian cuisine is rich with its original dishes. The
Georgian supra (feast) is very diverse with the traditional
dishes from all corners of Georgia. In Samegrelo which is
the region with with developed livestock and corn industries
people make especially unique and tasty dishes using corn
flour and dairy products. Megrelian khachapuri (cheese
pie), mstvadi (skewered meat fried on fire), gomi (gruel)
made of course-grinded corn, elarji, suluguni (cheese),
smoked suluguni, gebjalia, chvishtari, Megrelian kharcho
(soup), kupati, kuchmachi, ajika underline the vast variety of
Megrelian cuisine. Dishes of this corner are distinguished by
peculiar taste and are exceptionally hot.

9

SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012

10

www.paata.ge

kvira
sunday

ivnisi/JUNE

xalxuri cxenosnuri TamaSebi

09.00.

cxenosnuri sportis kulturas qarTveli xalxi saukuneebis
ganmavlobaSi qmnida da aviTarebda. arqeologiuri
gaTxrebis Sedegad aRmoCenilia brinjaos xanis mxedris
gamoxatuleba cxenze, cxenis lagmebi, mxedris dezebi da
sxva atributebi. Tamar mefisa da rusTavelis epoqaSi
mravalnairi sanaxaoba iyo gavrcelebuli. maT Soris
sacxenosno asparezoba -=_ sasporto rainduli TamaSoba.
saqarTveloSi
dReisTvis
aRdgenilia
miviwyebuli
cxenosnobis saxeobebi: cxenburTi (gadri), yvanWis cema,
radi, isindi (jiriTi), marula, yabaxi (XVIII saukunis
italielma mxatvarma kastelim dagvitova yabaxobis
ori SesaniSnavi naxati), lelo cxenze da bevri sxva.
mTaSi dResac popularulia doRi da TiTqmis yvela
dResaswaulze ewyoba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Equestrian Folk Games
15.00.

The Georgian people have been creating and developing
the culture of equestrian games for centuries. As a result
of archeological diggings images of a horseman, bridles,
spurs and other accessories belonging to Bronze age were
discovered. In the era of Queen Tamar and Rustaveli variety
of games were popular, among them competition, a sporting
knight games. martlToday in Georgia various equestrian
actions of horseball buried in oblivion were resuscitated.
They include such games as Gadri, Kvanchis Tsema, Radi,
Isindi (trick riding), Marula, Kabakhi (XIX-century Italian artist
Castelli painted two wonderful pieces of Kabakhi actions),
Lelo on horse and many others.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTuli cxenosnoba
qarTuli cxenosnobis istoria Soreuli warsulidan iRebs
saTaves. guriaSi, iseve rogorc dasavleT saqarTvelos
sxva kuTxeebSi, gavrcelebuli iyo sacxenosno TamaSebi
_ isindi, marula, lelo da sxv. XIX saukunis miwuruls
qarTvel cxenosanTa erTma gundma warmatebiT moiara
didi britaneTi. londonis garda, britaneTis TiTqmis
yvela qalaqSi gamovidnen. 1892 wlis 25 ivliss isini
miiwvies uinZoris sasaxleSi, sadac Cvenma mxedrebma
dedofal viqtoriasa da sxva didebulTa winaSe ijiriTes.
arnaxuli warmateba moipoves `gurulma kazakebma~, ase maT
amerikaSi eZaxdnen. isini monawileobdnen `bufalo belis
veluri dasavleTis~ SouSi. gurulebi, jiriTobisas im
droisTvis urTules ileTebs asrulebdnen.

11

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian equestrian
The Georgian equestrian history descends from antique
past. In Guria as well as in other provinces of Western Georgia
equestrian games, like Isindi, Marula, Lelo and others were
very popular. In the end of XIX century one team of Georgian
equestrians made a successive tour of Great Britain. Shows
of the Georgians had been arranged in London and in nearly
all big British cities. On July 25, 1892, they were invited to
Windsor Palace where Georgian horsemen showed riding
tricks before Queen Victoria and other nobles. The ‘Gurian
Cossacks’, as they were known in America, had unheardof success. They took part in the Savage Western Show of
Buffalo Bill. During horse rides the Gurians performed the
most difficult holds.

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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2012
eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

12

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

dedofala
dedofala aris adamianis mimsgavsebiT gakeTebuli
saTamaSo. mas didi xnis istoria aqvs. saqarTvelos
eTnografiul sinamdvileSi dedofalas Svilosnobasa da
gamravlebas SesTxovdnen. saqarTvelos erovnul muzeumSi
dedofalebis mdidari koleqciaa daculi. xalxSi mis
dasamzadeblad gamoiyeneboda: joxi, Cxiri, ficris naWeri;
mis tans qsovilisgan amzadebdnen, zogjer iyenebdnen
mcenareul masalas (gogras, kvaxs) da coms. tanis nakvTebis
xazgasmis mizniT iyenebdnen matyls. matylis momrgvalo
burTs akeTebdnen TavisTvisac, romelsac rTavdnen naqar­
gobebiT, xolo Tmad iyenebdnen qalis namdvil Tmas an
matyls. saqarTveloSi gavrcelebuli iyo saTamaSoebis
mravali saxeoba: Tojina, tikina, guga, kukna, kiko, Svilika
da sxv.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Dedopala
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Dedopala is a toy resembling human being. It has a long
history. In the ethnographic reality of Georgia people asked
the toy to help with having children and reproduction. In
the Georgian National Museum there is a rich collection
of Dedopala toys. People used to make Dedopala from a
stick, a pole and a board; its body was made from a mix,
sometimes vegetable material was used (pumpkin) and
dough. With the aim of underlying the lines of a body wool
was also used. Doll’s head was a ball made also of wool.
A head was adorned with embroidery, and genuine hair or
wool was usually used for making hair. Many Georgian types
of toys were distributed in Georgia: dolls, puppets, eye
apple, kukna, kiko, shvilika and others.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTuli oqromWedloba
qarTul kulturaSi xelovnebis am dargs _ oqromWedlobas
gansakuTrebuli adgili eWira. amis dasturia vanis,
axalgoris, armazisxevis, zRuderis, goris, cixisZiris,
bagineTis, Jinvalis samarxebsa da TrialeTis yorRanebSi
aRmoCenili unikaluri nivTebi. cnobilia, rom Zveli
berZnebi kolxeTs „oqromraval“ qveyanas uwodebdnen,
vanis naqalaqari ki amis naTeli dadasturebaa. kolxuri
oqros samkaulebi Zv. w. V-IV saukuneebiT daTariRebul
samarxebSia aRmoCenili, adgilobrivi oqromWedlebis
naostataria da TiToeuli maTgani xelovnebis brwyin­
vale nimuSia. Sua saukuneebis oqromWedlobis msoflio
saganZurSi qarTuli oqromWedlobis nimuSebs gansa­
kuTrebuli adgili uWiravs.

13

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian goldsmithing
In the Georgian culture the art of goldsmithing held a distinct
place. This can be confirmed by the uniquie items that were
discovered in Akhalgori, Armaziskhevi, Zkhuderi, Gori,
Tsikhisdziri, Bagineti, Qorghanebi, and in the tombs of
Jinvali. It is known, that the ancient Greeks referred to
Kolkheti as the country of “okromraval” (Abundant with
Gold). The settlement of Vani is the evident proof of that.
Kolkhis jewelry dating back to V-IV B.C. found in the tombs
represent the mastery of a local goldmisth and the unique
piece of art. Georgian goldsmithing of medieval times is
worldly recognized.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

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2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

14

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

ninowmida (sagarejos raioni)
ninowmidas taZari mdebareobs soflis centrSi. VI saukunis
didi gumbaTiani taZridan dRes nangrevebiRaa SemorCenili.
saepiskoposo taZari gegmaSi tetrakonqs warmoadgens. jvargumbaTovanma sistemam aq pirvelad miaRwia mniSvnelovan
zomebs. taZari ramdenjermea gadakeTebuli. 1671 wels
ninowmindelma episkoposma nikoloz andronikaSvilma
dasavleTidan mas aguris minaSeni miadga, moxata eklesiis
kedlebi (SemorCenilia mcire fragmentebi). taZris teri­
toriaze dgas saqarTveloSi yvelaze maRali samreklo
(XVI s) da mitropolit saba tuxisSvilis mier agebuli
orsarTuliani sasaxle (XVIII s).

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ninotsmida (Sagarejo district)
14.00.

Located in the middle of the village. From a big-dome
cathedral of the VI century there are only ruins today. The
epyscopal cathedral has a layout of four-apse building.
It is the first case when the cross-and-dome system has
attained considerable sizes. Cathedral has been remade
several times. In 1671 the bishop from Ninotsminda, Nikoloz
Andronikashvili, has attached to it a brick fixture from the
west side, painted walls of the church (there are small
remnants of murals). On the territory of cathedral there is the
highest belfry tower in Georgia (XVI c) and a two-level palace
(XVIII c) constructed by the metropolitan Saba Tukhisshvili.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

rkoni (kaspis raioni)
rkonis monasteri mdebareobs md. TeZmis ulamazes xeobaSi.
kompleqsi mraval nagebobas Seicavs: mTavari taZari
samnaviani bazilikaa da RvTismSoblis saxelzea agebuli
(VII s), naTlismcemlis eklesia XIII-XIV ss. ganekuTvneba,
amave periodisaa mcire samlocveloc, samreklo XVIII
saukunisaa, xolo xidi XII-XIII ss ganekuTvneba. rkonis
kompleqsSi Sedis agreTve svimon mesvetis sveti,
romelic maRali mTidan Tavs dahyurebs monasters.
savane gvianfeodaluri xaniT TariRdeba da SemorCenili
fragmentebis mixedviT moxatuli yofila. saintereso
moxatulobaa SemorCenili agreTve mTavar taZarSi; aqac
mxatvrobis ori fena gairCeva: XII saukunisa da XVIII
saukunis _ samkveTlos moxatuloba. taZarze mravali
istoriuli warweraa SemorCenili.

15

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Rkoni (Kaspi district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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GE T T

Rkoni monastery is located in the most beautiful gorge of
river Tedzma. The complex includes many constructions:
the main church is a three-nave basilica and was built after
Virgin Mary (VII c.), church of the John the Baptist belonging
to XIII-XIV cc., small chapel of the same period, the belfry
of the XVIII century and a bridge of XII-XIII centuries. Rkoni
complex also includes the column of Svimon Mesveti which
overlooks the monastery from above the high mountain. The
monastery dates to later feudal times, and as the remnant
fragments attest, it was painted. Interesting painting has
also remained in the main church where it is possible to
discern two layers of the artwork: XII century and XVIII
century refectory table artwork. There are many historical
inscriptions on the church.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

16
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

gelaTis mozaika
qarTul kedlis mxatvrobaSi gansakuTrebuli adgili
uWiravs gelaTis mozaikas. kompoziciis centrSi gamo­
saxulia RvTismSobeli yrmiT xelSi, gverdze ki mTavar­
angelozebi _ miqeli da gabrieli. es mxatvroba TariRdeba
1125-30 wlebiT. mozaikis masalad gamoyenebulia mcire
zomis mdidruli smaltebi da adgilobrivi warmoSobis
sxvadasxva feris qviSaqvis kubebi. mozaika gamoirCeva
saguldagulo wyobiT. TiToeuli figuris saxe da xelebi
didi ostatobiTaa Sesrulebuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gelati Mosaic

13.00.

In the history of Georgian wall painting Gelati mosaic on the
overhead cover of the altar in Gelati Monastery has a special
importance; in the heart of the composition there is an image
of Virgin Mary with a boy flanked by Archangels Michael and
Gabriel. This artistry dates to 1125-1130. Small-sized rich
smaltite shards and cubes of local origin sandstone are
used as mosaic material. Mosaic is noted for its meticulous
rowing. The face and hands of each figure are made with
skillful mastership.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

vaxtang VI
vaxtang VI (1675-1737 ww) iyo gamoCenili saxelmwifo
moRvawe, poeti da mwignobari. misi politikuri
moRvaweobidan gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania qarTlis
gamgeblad _ janaSinad yofnis periodi. vaxtang VI-is
nayofieri moRvaweobis Sedegad qarTlma politikuri,
ekonomikuri da kulturuli aRorZineba ganicada. manve
gansazRvra saxelmwifo moxeleTa uflebebi da funqciebi,
rac mis mier Sedgenil `dasturlamalSi~ aisaxa. misive
TaosnobiT Seiqmna kanonTa krebuli da `swavlul kacTa
komisia~, romelmac qarTul da ucxour saistorio
wyaroebze dayrdnobiT dawera „axali qarTlis cxovreba.
1709 wels, vaxtang VI-is TaosnobiT daarsda pirveli
qarTuli stamba. aq dabeWdili pirveli wigni iyo `daviTni~,
1712 wels ki pirvelad daibeWda `vefxistyaosani~.

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sunday

ivnisi/JUNE
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Vakhtang VI
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Vakhtang VI (1675-1737) was an ountstanding statesman,
poet and polymath. From his political life the most
noteworthy is the governorship of Kartli. As a result of his
fruitful undertaking Kartli experienced political, economic
and cultural revival. He also defined the rights and functions
of public servants in his work Dasturlamali. He was the
mastermind of the Corpus of Laws and Commission of
Educated Men which authored the New Georgian Chronicles
based on the Georgian and foreign sources. In 1709
Vakhtang VI led efforts to set up the first Georgian printing
house. The first book printed here was Davitni, and in 1712
Vepkhistkaosani (The Knight in the Panther’s Skin) saw the
first printing edition.

DAYS
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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

18
orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

muSTaidis baRi (Tbilisi)
Tbilisis erT-erTi uZvelesi parki mdebareobs g. cabaZisa
da didubis quCebis kveTaze. baRi iranidan gamoqceulma
feTex-aRa xeid Tavrizim 1830-ian wlebSi gaaSena. igi
iyo azerbaijanSi iraneli Siitebis lideri _ mujTahadi.
mas qarTveli meuRle hyavda da Tbilisi sacxovreblad
amitomac airCia. baRis saxelic misi sasuliero
wodebidan momdinareobs. meuRlis gardacvalebis Semdeg
(dakrZalulia baRis ezoSi), feTex-aRa xeid Tavrizim
baRi gayida da samSobloSi daburnda. 1853 wlidan
baRi saxazino kuTvnileba gaxda. 1935 wels muSTaidis
baRSi gaixsna msoflioSi pirveli 1,5 km. sigrZis sabavSvo
rkinigza, romelsac sami sadguri hqonda. orTqlmavals
oTxi vagoni hqonda, TiTo vagonSi 50 bavSvi eteoda.

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Mushtait Garden (Tbilisi)
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The Mushtait Garden is one of the oldest gardens in Tbilisi.
It lies in the intersection of G. Tabidze and Didube districts.
The garden was foundered by a Persian named Aga-Kehit
Tavrizi in 1830. He is known to have lived in Azerbaijan and
held a position of the leader of Shiites - Mujtahadi. He had
a Georgian woman for a bride; hence he chose to settle in
Georgia. The name of the garden comes from his clerical
rank. After the death of his wife (buried in the garden’s
courtyard), he sold the garden and returned to his homecountry. Since then it has belonged to the Georgian national
treasury. In 1935 the first 1.5 km railway with three stations
for children was opened in the garden of Mushtait. The
Steam engine train had four wagons, each holding up to 50
children.

goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

dmanisis arqeologiuri gaTxre­bi
dmanisis naqalaqaris teritoriaze arqeologiuri gaTxre­
bis Catarebisas, Sua saukuneebis nagebobaTa qveS, dabal
fenebSi aRmoCnda uZvelesi (gadaSenebuli) cxovelebis
Zvlebi da qvis primitiuli iaraRebi, aseve uZvelesi
adamianis naSTebi, kerZod, qveda yba, fexis terfis
Zvali da ori Tavis qala. aRniSnulma arqeologiurma
aRmoCenam dmanisi mTeli msoflios yuradRebis centrSi
moaqcia. specialistebis azriT, dmaniseli adamianebi
riaze 1 800 000 wlis win binadrobdnen.
am terito­
dmanisis aRmoCenamde evropaSi uZvelesi adamianis
yvelaze adreuli naSTebi 800 000 wliT TariRdeboda,
amitom advili warmosadgenia, Tu ra didi interesi da
gancvifreba gamoiwvia dmaniseli adamianis aRmoCenam. am
aRmoCeniT evraziaSi adamianis gansaxleba, sul cota,
orjer `daZvelda~.
Dmanisi archeological excavations

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
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During archeological excavations on the territory of ruins
in Dmanisi, under medieval structures, in the lower strata
were discovered the bones of the oldest (extinct) species
of animals and primitive stone tools as well as remains of
ancient hominids, to wit: low jaw, a bone of a foot and two
skulls. This archeological discovery made Dmanisi the
centerpiece of the whole world. According to the opinion of
specialists, the Dmanisi hominids dwelled on this territory
about 1 800 000 years ago. Before Dmanisi discovery the
oldest people remains in Europe were estimated as 800
000 years old. Thus, it is easily understood that Dmanisi
discovery triggered a huge interest and amazement. This
discovery has pushed the dates of human settlements in
Eurasia for at least two time-spans back.

19

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

20

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

erTawmida (kaspis raioni)
wm. estates taZari mdebareobs sofel erTawmindis centrSi.
taZari jvar-gumbaTovani nagebobaa, misi fasadi da karsarkmelebi Semkulia mdidari CuqurTmebiT. interierSi,
CrdiloeT mklavze warmodgenilia moxatulobis sami
registri, sadac gadmocemulia scenebi wm. estates
cxovrebidan. moxatuloba XVII saukunes ganekuTvneba;
mTavari taZari XIII saukuneSia agebuli. gvianfeodalur
xanaSi sofeli da taZari TarxniSvilTa feodalur sa­gva­
reulos ekuTvnoda. taZarSi aris saakaZeTa saZvale, aqaa
damarxuli giorgi saakaZis vaJis, paatas mokveTili Tavi.

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Ertatsmida (Kaspi district)
Cathedral of St. Estate is located in the middle of the village
of Ertatsmida. Cathedral is a cross-dome construction,
its façade, doors and windows are decorated with lavish
ornaments. In the interior, on the right arm, are represented
three formats of painting where scenes from St. Estate’s
life are shown. Painting belongs to the XVII century; the
main cathedral was erected in the XIII century. In the late
Middle Age era the village and the cathedral were owned
by the Tarkhnishvili noble family. There is a gravesite of the
Saakadze family in the cathedral where severed head of
Paata, the son of Giorgi Saakadze, is buried.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

awyuri (axalcixis raioni)
awyuris cixe-qalaqi mdebareobs axalcixidan 23 km-Si,
awyuri Sua saukuneebSi mniSvnelovan strategiul centrs
warmoadgenda, istoriul wyaroebSi igi IX saukunidan
ixsenieba. cixesimagre sxvadasxva dros ramdenime adgi­
lobrivi feodalis xelSi iyo, gvian saukuneebSi ki mas
sparselebi da Turqebi flobdnen. dRes SemorCenili
nangrevebidan Cans, rom cixe Zlieri da mkvidrad nagebi
simagre unda yofiliyo. cixis samxreTiT, 500 metrSi
mdebareobs awyuris RvTismSoblis saepiskoposo taZari (X
s), romelic XIII saukuneSi miwisZvris Sedegad dangreula,
Camoqceulia gumbaTi. taZris siwmindeebidan cnobilia
awyuris RvTismSoblis xati.
Atskuri (Akhaltsikhe district)
The Atskuri fortress town is situated some 23 km from
Akhaltsikhe. In Middle Ages it used to be an important
strategic center. In historical manuscripts it is mentioned
from IX century. The fortress in various periods was in
the hands of different local lords, and in later ages it was
occupied by the Persians and Turks. From the existing
ruins today it is evident that the fortress should have been a
powerful stronghold. To the south from the fortress, within
some 500 meters distance, is located Atskuri Virgin Mary
Episcopal Cathedral (X c) that seems to have been destroyed
by the earthquake in XIII century, its dome toppled. From the
objects of worship the Atskuri Icon of Virgin Mary is wellknown.

21

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ivnisi/JUNE
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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

22
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

sameba
Tbilisis yovladwmida samebis sakaTedro taZari aris
mTavari marTlmadidebluri taZari saqarTveloSi. igi
TbilisSi, elias mTaze mdebareobs. aSenda 1995-2004
wlebSi, arqiteqtor arCil mindiaSvilis proeqtiT.
samebis taZa­ri saqarTveloSi yvelaze maRali da farTobiT
udidesi eklesiaa. Sedgeba ori, miwiszeda da miwisqveSa
nawilisagan, saerTo simaRle, jvris CaTvliT, 107,17 metri
miwisqveSa nawilSi ori sarTulia. taZari 2004 wlis
23 noembers, giorgobis dResaswaulze, uwmindesma da
unetaresma, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma
ilia meorem akurTxa. samebis didebuli taZari Tbilisis
nebismieri adgilidan kargad moCans.

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14.00.

Sameba (Trinity Cathedral)
Trinity Cathedral in Tbilisi is the major Orthodox Cathedral
in Georgia. It is situated on the Elia mountain in Tbilisi.
Cathedral was built in 1995-2004 on the design of architect
Archil Mindiashvili. The Sameba Cathedral is the highest and
by space the largest church in Georgia; it comprises two
parts – on the ground and under the ground. Its overall hight
including the cross is 107,17 m. There are two stories in
underground part of the Cathedral. On November 23, 2004,
the Day of St. George, Cathedral was consecrated by His
Holiness and Beatitude, Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia,
Ilia II. The gracious Sameba Cathedral can be viewed from
any place in Tbilisi.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

xerTvisi (aspinZis raioni)
xerTvisis cixe erT-erTi saukeTeso SemorCenili safor­
tifikacio nagebobaa. igi aRmarTulia maRal, kldovan
mTaze mdinareTa SesayarTan. cixe ori nawilisagan
Sedgeba: citadelisa da galavnisagan. leonti mrovelis
cnobiT, xerTvisi antikuri xanis qalaqi unda yofiliyo.
cixis istoriaze ufro meti viciT X-XV saukuneebis
periodidan. igi am dros samefo cixe iyo, gvian Sua
saukuneebSi ki mas jayeli aTabagebi flobdnen. xerTvisi
mravali saintereso brZolis mowmea.
Khertvisi (Aspindza district)
Khertvisi is one of the well preserved fortified fortresses. It
is erected on a high point of the rocky mountain where the
mouth of the river is. The fortress consists of two parts:
the citadel and the fence. “Khertvisi” was an ancient city in
the words of Leonti Mroveli. A lot more is known about the
fortress from the period of the X-XV centuries. In that period,
it was a royal fortress, which in later centuries turned into the
possession of the Jaqeli family. Khertvisi has underwent and
witnessed many sensational battles.

23
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

24
kvira
sunday

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

Satberdi
Satberdi daarsebulia cnobili sasuliero moRvawis
grigol xanZTelis mier IX saukunis meore meoTxedSi;
taZari dRes TurqeTis teritoriazea. Satberdis mo­
nasteri ganTqmuli iyo mwignobrobis tradiciebiT, aq
moRvaweobdnen IX-X ssaukuneSi gamoCenili moRvaweni:
sofrom Satberdeli, ioane zosime, miqel modrekili; XI
saukuneSi _ giorgi mTawmindeli. aq iTargmna da gadaiwera
Zveli literaturis unikaluri Zeglebi. 973 wels Sedgenil
iqna Satberdis krebuli, romelSic berZnulidan Targmnil
nawarmoebTa garda, Sesulia wm. ninos cxovrebis amsaxveli
Txzuleba; aqve 897 wels gadauweriaT da miniaturebiT
SeumkiaT adiSis oTxTavi, 936 wels -_ jruWis oTxTavi,
romelic `kamarTa mwerals~ vinme Teodores miniaturebiT
Seumkia. 973 wels gadaiwera parxlis saxareba da sxv.

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Shatberdi
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Shatberdi Monastery was established by a well-known religious
figure, named Gregory Khandzteli in the second quarter of
the IX century, today it lies in Turkish territory. The monastery
is a richly decorated cross-shaped structure. The Shatberdi
monastery was famous for its bibliophile traditions. In the IX-X
century these bibliophile figures served in the monastery:
Sophrom Shatberdeli, John Zosime, Michael Modrekili, and
in the XI century George Mtatsmindeli. The monastery was a
place for translating and copyng ancient literature, including
the Georgian gospels. In 973 y was compiled “Shatberdi
Collection” which with the exception of works translated from
Greek, includes St. Nino’s life.Here in Shatberdi Monastery,in
936 y were rewritten and decorated “Adyshi Four Gospels”,
“Jruchi Gospels” (936y) which was decorated by someone
named Theodore. In 973 y was rewritten also “Parkhli Gospels”
and others.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

wyarosTavis oTxTavi
wyarosTavis monasteri daarebulia IX saukunis I mesamedSi
ilarion wyarosTavelis mier, romelic mogvianebiT
qarTlis kaTolikosad aurCeviaT. monasteri mdebareobs
klarjeTSi, karC­
xalis xeobaSi, dRevandeli TurqeTis
teritoriaze. dRes mxolod misi nangrevebia Semor­
Cenili, savaraudod, igi jvar-gumbaTovani nageboba unda
yofiliyo. monastris teritoriaze SemorCenilia mcire
kapelebisa da satrapezoebis naSTebi (savaraudod X s).
Tamaris mefobis dros swored aq gadaiwera wyarosTavis
oTxTavi. misi zomaa (25X18), Seicavs 274 furcels,
Semkulia oTxi maxareblis miniaturiT, Casmulia beqa
opizris mier moWedil ydaSi. yda Semkulia 6 Zvirfasi
qviT.

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MONDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
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Four Gospels of Tskarostavi
Tskarostavi monastery was establsihed in the IX century
by Hilarion Tskarostavi, who in later years was elected as
Catholicos of Kartli. The monastery is located in Klarjeti,
in the territory of present Turkey. Today only the ruins
remain.Ppresuamebly, it should’ve been a cross-domelike
structure. The monastery holds the remains of a small
chapel and a dinning hall (around the X century). In th era
of Queen Tamar, the monastery was the place where a
copy of The Four Gosplels of Tskarostavi was produced.
Its dimmensions are 25X18 cm., 274 pages. Its binding is
with four heralds miniature, enclosed to the Beqa Opizari’s
crafted cover. The cover is crafted with 6 precious stones.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

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samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

sulxan-saba orbeliani
prozaikosi, poeti, leqsikografi, meigave, saxelmwifo
da saeklesio moRvawe, Tavisi drois uganaTlebulesi
pirovneba sulxan-saba orbeliani cxovrobda da
moRvaweobda 1658-1725 ww. misi moRvaweoba emTxveva
saqarTvelos Znelbedobis Jams. igi cdilobda saqarTvelos
evropul samyarosTan dakavSirebas; diplomatiuri misiiT
Sexvedrebi hqonda ludoviko XIV-sa da romis pap
klimetni XII-sTan. samwuxarod, misi mcdeloba uSedego
aRmoCnda. man 33 weli imuSava `sityvis konis~ Seqmnaze.
es wigni qarTuli enis pirveli ganmartebiTi leqsikonia.
sulxan-sabas kalams ekuTvnis `mogzauroba evropaSi~,
`swavlani~ da `saqristiano moZRvreba~. yvelaze metad
cnobilia misi igav-arakebis krebuli `sibrZne sicurisa~.

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Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani
Prose and fable writer, poet, lexicographer, state and church
activist, one of the most educated individuals of his time,
Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani lived and worked in 1658-1725.
His activity coincides with the period of numerous woes in
Georgia. Sulkhan-Saba was given an audience by the king
of France, Luis XIV, while Roman Pope Clement XI met him
twice. During long 33 years Sulkhan-Saba worked on his
Sitkvis kona (Georgian Dictionary). This book was the first
explanatory Dictionary of the Georgian language. He is also
the author of “Mogzauroba Evropashi”(A Journey Through
Europe), ”Stsavlani” and “Saqristiano Modzgvreba”. His
main work is the collection of fables “Sibrdzne Sitsruisa”
(The Wisdom of Lie)

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

tanZia (bolnisis raioni)
tanZia XVIII s-is gamorCeuli qarTveli mwerlisa da moR­
vawis sulxan-saba orbelianis sofelia. aq sami eklesia
da sasaxlis nangrevia SemorCenili. amaTgan ori eklesiis
war­
werebi saintereso cnobebs gvawvdis. RvTismSoblis
ekle­
siis ori mxedruli warwera gvamcnobs misi aRmSe­
neblebis _ papunasa (sulxan-sabas biZa) da misi meuRlis,
bangi­­jaspis Rvawls. maT eklesia 1680 wels augiaT. meore
war­
weriani eklesia, wm. nikolozis saxelobisa, Tavisi
moxdenili formebiT Soridanve ipyrobs yuradRebas.
fasa­­
debi morTulia jvrebiTa da reliefebiT. warwera
gvauwyebs, rom es karis eklesia yaflan orbeliSvilis
erT-erTi Zis _ vaxtangis (sulxan-sabas mamis) kuTvnilebaa,
igi agebulia 1683 wels. tanZiaSi aris sulxan-sabas saxlmuzeumi.

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ivnisi/JUNE
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Tandzia (Bolnisi district)
Tandzia is a Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani(a great Georgian
writer,lexicographer,diplomat and scientist) village in the
Bolnisi district. There are three churches and a palace ruins
preserved. Among them the inscriptions on two churches
give us some interesting information. The military inscription
on Holy Mother Church, informs us of its builders ;_Papuna
(Sulkhan – Saba Orbeliani’s uncle) and his wife Bangijaspir’s
identities.The church was built in 1680. second St.Nicholas
church attracts by its graceful decoration, crosses and
reliefs. This church was built in 1683. In Tandzia is a SulkhanSaba Orbeliani house-museum.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

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xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

mwvane koncxi
aWaraSi, mwvane koncxze, baTumidan 9 km-ze mdebareobs
saxelganTqmuli baTumis botanikuri baRi; misi farTobi
111 h-ia. `mwvane koncxi~ am adgils maradmwvane landSaftis
gamo Searqves. baTumis botanikuri baRis reliefi
mTagoriania. igi 1912 wels andrei krasnovma daaarsa.
aq sami dendroparki, kolxeTis tyis nakrZali da cxra
floristuli ganyofilebaa. mcenareTa koleqcia 5000ze met saxeobas moicavs. baTumis botanikuri baRi erTerTi unikaluria msoflios analogiur baRebs Soris.
aq erTnairad kargad xarobs sruliad gansxvavebuli
klimaturi da landSafturi zonebis mcenareTa saxeobebi.

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Green Cape
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In Ajara’s Green Cape, 9 km from Batumi, is located a
famous Batumi Botanical Garden. Its area is 111 ha. It was
called Green Cape due to the ever-green scenery there.
The landscape of Batumi Botanical Garden is mountainous.
It was founded in 1912 by Andrey Krasnov. There are three
arboretums, a reserve of Kolkheti forest and nine floristic
sections. The collection of plants counts more than 5000
species. Batumi Botanical Garden is one of the unique
among the similar entities in the world. Species from
absolutely different climatic and landscape zones grow here
equally well.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Zveli SuamTa (Telavis raioni)
samonastro kompleqsi aerTianebs sam eklesias, romelTagan
yvelaze Zvelia V saukunis samnaviani bazilika. kompleqsis
mTavari taZaria bazilikis gverdiT mdgari jvris tipis
gumbaTiani nageboba; igi daxvewili formebiT gamoirCeva.
eklesiis Sida kedlebze SemorCenilia X-XII saukuneebis
moxatulobis fragmentebi. mTavari taZris CrdiloeTiT
dgas kidev erTi, agreTve, jvris tipis, eklesia, SedarebiT
mcire zomis; orive gumbaTiani eklesia VII saukuneSia
agebuli da saetapo Zeglebs warmoadgens.
Old Shuamta (Telavi district)
The monastery complex consists of three churches, the
oldest of which is 5th century basilica. The main temple
complex is a cross type domed building standing next to a
basilica. It is distinguished by its subtle forms. On the inner
walls are preserved some fragments of paintings dated
X-XII centuries. In the north of the main temple is another
also cross type church relatively small size. Both domed
churches and landmark sites belong to the VII century.

29
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

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2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

30
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivnisi/JUNE
09.00.

jvriswera
jvrisweris saidumlo eklesiaSi arsebul 7 saidumloTagan
erT-erTia, romelsac gansakuTrebuli madli da mni­
Svneloba aqvs marTlmadidebeli qristianisTvis. ojaxis
Seqmnamde wyvilebi sakurTxevlis winaSe wardgebian
da uflisagan kurTxevasa da dalocvas gamoiTxoven.
sxvadasxva aRmsareblobis adamianebs Soris jvriswera
maTi qristianad naTlobis Semdeg aResruleba. jvrisweris
dros wyvilebs Tan axlavT mowmeebi, anu mejvareebi.
nefe-patarZali mejvareebad uaxloes adamianebs irCeven,
romlebic Semdgom maTi Svilebis naTliebi xdebian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Christian Wedding
Christian wedding sacrament in a church is one of the 7
existing sacraments enjoying special grace and importance
for any Orthodox Christian. Before tying the knot at the
civil register couples stand in front of the altar and seek
blessings and benediction from the Savior. Christian
wedding of people of different denominations can take place
after they take baptism and become Christians. During the
wedding ceremony a bride is accompanied by the Maid of
Honor and a groom by his Best Man. Bride and groom make
a pick of a Maid of Honor and a Best Man from their closest
circle. These people usually become later their children’s
godparents.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

matani (axmetis raioni)
matanis midamoebSi mravali saintereso istoriuli
Zeglia: erelaanT saydari (V-VI ss), gumbaTovani taZari
(IX s), wm. nikolozis taZari (XVI s), ColoyaSvilebis cixegalavnis kompleqsi (XVIII s) da sxv. soflis midamoebSi
yvelaze mniSvnelovania cxrakaras monasteri, romelic
ramdenime eklesias aerTianebs; SemorCenilia SesaniSnavi
kedlis mxatvroba. mTavari nagebobaa V saukunis bazilika,
romelic Tavisi damaxasiaTebeli formebiT qarTveli
arqiteqturis erT-erT saintereso Zegls warmoadgens.
Matani (Akhmeta district)
In the vicinity of Matani there are a lot of interesting historical
monuments: Erelaant church (V-VI centuries), the Do­
me
Cathedral (IX century), St. Nicholas (XVI century), Cholo­
kashvili (the national hero of Georgia) castle-fortress,
the fence complex (XVIII century) and others. The most
important building is the Tskhrakara (the Nine Gates)
monastery, which brings together several churches. There
are magnificent wall paintings. The main building is the V
century basilica, which has its own characteristic forms.

1

kvira
sunday

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

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2012

2

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

jomardoba
jomardoba, anu raftingi saqarTveloSic Zalian popu­la­
rulia. rogorc wesi, daSveba xdeba sxvadasxva sirTulis
mTis mdinareebidan. raftingis moyvarulebi siamovnebiT
jomardoben enguris, cxeniswyalis, rionis, aragvis, Tergis,
mtkvris saxifaTo monakveTebSi. yoveli jomardobis
win turis monawileebs utardebaT treiningi. amboben,
erTxel navSi moxvedrili adamiani, avaddeba jomardobis
siyvaruliTo.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Jomardoba
13.00.

Jomardoba, or rafting is very popular in Georgia. As a rule,
descent occurs from mountain rivers of various turbulence.
The rafting buffs descend down the certain segments of
rivers Inguri, Tskhenistskali, Rioni, Aragvi, Tergi, Mtkvari with
pleasure. Ahead of every rafting session the participants of
a tour undergo special trainings. They say an individual who
found himself at least once in a raft is getting infected with
urge to follow up.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Tamuna janaSias foto
PHOTO BY TAMUNA JANASHIA

2012

noqalaqevi (senakis raioni)
noqalaqevis Sesaxeb mravali istoriuli cnoba arsebobs.
leonti mrovelis gadmocemiT, cixe-qalaqis mSenebloba
miekuTvneba pirveli qarTlosiani mefis farnavazis xanas
(Zv. w. III s-is I naxevari). mefis siZem, egrisis erisTavma qujim
`aRaSena cixe-goji~. berZnuli wyaroebi mas arqeopolisad
(`Zveli qalaqi~) moixsenieben. noqalaqevi iyo kolxeTis
samefos dedaqalaqi. naqalaqars 20 ha-mde farTobi uWiravs
da mis teritoriaze mravali xuroTmoZRvruli Zeglia:
samnaviani bazilika `ormocmowameTa~ (gadakeTebuli
gumbaTovan eklesiad) (Vs), meore samnaviani bazilikis
nangrevebi (Vs), ori mefeTa sasaxle, ori abano da sxva
nagebobani.
Nokalakevi (Senaki district)
A great deal of historical notes is available on Nokalakevi.
By the words of Leonti Mroveli, the fortress belonged to
the era of Parnavaz, in the first half of the III century (B.C.).
The fortress was built by the king’s son-in-law Egiri Eristavi.
In Greek sources the fortress is referred as Archaeopolis
(Ancient town). Nokalakevi was the capital of Kolkhida.
It occupies the land of 20 acres in which it holds 20
architectural monuments. There are: three-nave basilica
“Ormotsmotsameta” ,built in the V century, ruins of the
second three-nave basilica (V century), two king’s palaces,
two bathhouses and other monuments.

3

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

4

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

qarTuli xorbali
aTaswleulebis ganmavlobaSi evropis, aziisa da afrikis
CrdiloeTiT mcxovrebi xalxisTvis mcenareul sakvebs
xorbali da qeri warmoadgenda, romlebic am regionebSi
velurad izrdeboda. droTa ganmavlobaSi adamianebma
moaxdines am mcenareebis gakultureba. arqeologiuri
gaTxrebi, romelic qvemo qarTlSi, aruxloSi (bolnisis
r-ni) Catarda, aRmoCnda Zv. w. VI aTaswleulis, ese igi
8000 wlis winaT kultivirebuli xorblis 8 saxeoba.
aqve aRmoCnda veluri xorbali _ egilofsi, mas xorblis
winaprad Tvlian. aseve napovnia qeri, Romi, fetvi,
ospi, Svria da barda. msoflioSi gavrcelebulia xor­
blis 22 saxeoba, aqedan saqarTveloSi aRwerili da
registrirebulia 14, maT Soris 5 endemuria.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian Wheat
15.00.

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18.00.

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In the course of millennia for the people living in Europe, Asia
and north of Africa vegetable diet consisted of wheat and
barley which grew in these regions wildly. In the process of
development the humans have accomplished domestication
of these cultures. Archeological excavations which took
place in the village of Arukhlo, Bolnisi district, the province
of Kvemo Kartli, have unearthed 8 types of wheat cultivated
in the VI millennium BC, i.e. 8000 years ago. These cultures
locally are called as follows. Also was discovered here wild
wheat – egilops which is considered a precursor to current
wheat. Also were excavated barley, gomi, millet, lentil,
abutilon and pea. There are 22 species of wheat dispersed
in the world, of them in Georgia 14 species were described
and registered, including 5 endemic species.

goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

fitareTi (TeTriwyaros raioni)
taZari agebulia XIII saukunis dasawyisSi, laSa-giorgis
mefobis xanaSi (1213-1222 ww), mefis amirejibis qavTar
qajifaisZis mier. igi `beTania-qvaTaxevis~ jgufSi Sedis
da am periodis yvelaze TvalsaCino Zegls warmoadgens.
CuqurTmis mravalferovnebiT fitareTi erT-erTi gamo­
rCeulia qarTul xuroTmoZRvrebaSi. fasadebze war­
modgenilia agreTve reliefuri gamosaxulebani: frin­
velebi, cxovelebi, adamianebi. sainteresoa gumbaTis
yelisa da karibWis morTulobani. interieri dafarulia
SesaniSnavi kedlis mxatvrobiT. taZris ukan mdebare
sasaxle-marani agebulia 1696 wels, aq moRvawe winamZRvris
_ iob fitarelis mier.
Pitareti (Tetritskaro district)
Pitareti monastery was built in the reign of Lasha Giorgi in the
XII century (1213-1222), by the nobleman (amirejibi) named
Kavtar Kachibadze. The monastery is the group of “Bethany
- Kvatakhevi” and is the most prominent monument of
that period. The variance of trinkets makes the monastery
one of the most distinguished Georgian architectural
representations. The facades are also richly ornamented
by the figures of birds, animals and humans. Decoration of
the neck of the dome and the enclosement of the monastery
are captivating. The interior is covered with magnificent wall
paintings. In the backside of the monastery lies a wine cellar
(marani), which was constructed by the monk named Iob
Pitareti.

5

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

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13.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

2012

6

www.paata.ge

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

miTi argonavtebis Sesaxeb
miTi argonavtebis Sesaxeb mogviTxrobs, rom berZnebma
gmir iasons Soreuli qveynidan, kolxeTidan, oqros
sawmisis Camotana daavales. iasonma aago xomaldi saxelad
„`argo~“da 50 rCeul mezRvaurTan erTad kolxeTisaken
xifaTiT aRsavse gzas daadga. im dros kolxeTs mzis
Svili mefe aieti ganagebda. misi samefos Zlierebis niSani
oqros sawmisi iyo, romelic did WalaSi, erT muxaze
ekida. mas gveleSapi darajobda. argonavtebi kolxeTis
sanapiros moadgnen, mdinare rionSi Secures da sataxto
qalaq quTaiaSi Cavidnen. iasons davalebis SesrulebaSi
aietis qaliSvili, mzeTunaxavi medea daexmara. mas iasoni
TavdaviwyebiT Seuyvarda. medeam gveleSapi daaZina, argo­
navtebma sawmisi gaitaces da kolxeTi datoves. iasons
medeac Tan gahyva. medeas da oqros sawmisis Zegli baTumSi
dgas.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Myth on Argonauts

15.00.

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18.00.

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Ancient Greek myth on Argonauts tells the story of Greeks
assigning the hero, Jason, to bring Golden Fleece (magic
sheep hide) from the faraway country, Colchis. Jason built
a ship named Argo and accompanied by 50 selected sailors
set his path to a dangerous journey. At those times Colchis
was governed by the Aeëtes, a son of son-god Helios (God
of the Sun). The biggest mark of the power of his kingdom
was the Golden Fleece which hang on an oak-tree in a big
grove. Its guard was a dragon which nevel slept. Argonauts
approached the coast of Colchis. Then they started their
voyage up the Rioni river and arrived in the royal city of
Kutaia. Jason was assisted in his task by the daughter of
Aeëtes, brilliant Medea. She passionately fell in love with
him. Medea put the dragon to sleep, the Argonauts took the
Golden Fleece and left Colchis. Medea left with Jason.

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

soxasteri (saavadmyofo)
gelaTis samonastro kompleqsis Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT
200-300 metrSi mdebareobs soxasteris ansambli, ro­
melic Sedgeba sami ZiriTadi nawilisagan: wina ezo,
eklesiis nawili, Sida _ mTavari ezo. `soxasteri~
gviandeli dasaxelebaa, mas adre berZnuli saxeli -_
`qsenoni~ (saavadmyofo) unda rqmeoda. samive nawils
Tavisi Senobebi hqonda. soxasteri agebuli unda iyos
1141 wels, igi gelaTis filials warmoadgenda; aqac
moRvaweobdnen berebi, romlebic, SesaZloa, mkurnalTa
funqciasac asrulebdnen. Tavad daviT aRmaSenebeli xSirad
stumrobda soxasters avadmyofebis mosanaxuleblad.

7

SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sokhasteri (Hospital) (Tkibuli district)
About 200-300 metres noth-west of the Gelati ensemble,lie
the ruins called Sokhasteri Complex which consists of three
main parts: front yard,part of the church,”main courtyard”
inside.This place was named Sokhasteri lately.Apparently its
name was “Xenon”(Hospital).All three parts should be built
in 1141.The cleaning and research carried out on this spot
showed that once a hospital was sited there and ,according
to the chronicle,King David the Builder had erected it and
personally supervised the care of the patients.

14.00.

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16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

8

kvira
sunday

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

svanur qudi
svaneTi saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi da unikaluri
maRalmTiani kuTxea. svani kacis CacmulobaSi erT-erTi
mniSvnelovani adgili ukavia svanur quds. rogorc wesi,
qudi matylisgan mzaddeba, igi ruxi ferisaa da Savi
zonrebi aqvs, romelic qudze jvris formas iRebs da
svanurad gamoxatavs misalmebas __ `jvarma dagifaros~.
Savi feris quds mxolod mgloviareebi atareben.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Svan hat
Svaneti is one of the most beautiful and unique mountainous
region. In the clothing of a Svan man, the Svan hat holds a
very distinct place. As a rule, the hat is grey, made out of
wool and accompanied with black strings forming a shape
of the Cross, which is also is a sign of greetings - “May the
Cross protect you”. A black colored Svan hat is only used for
mourning purposes.

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18.00.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

mestia (svaneTi)
mestia saqarTvelos ulamazesi maRalmTiani kuTxis _
zemo svaneTis administraciuli centria. mdebareobs
zRvis donidan 1500 metrze, mdinare mestia-Walas
marjvena napirze. aq mravali koSkia. aqedan kargad moCans
TeTnuldis mTa (4851 m). mestia ubnebad aris dayofili,
erT-erTi mTavari ubania seti, romlis wm. giorgis
eklesia, lagurkasTan erTad, zemo svaneTis saerTo
salocavs warmoadgens. am eklesiasTan aris mestiis
istoriul-eTnografiuli muzeumi, sadac daculia
Zvirfasi xelnaweri oTxTavebi, moWedili ydebiT, qarTuli
Weduri xelovnebisa da xatweris saukeTeso nimuSebi da
sxva Zvirfaseuloba.
Mestia (Svaneti)
The most beautiful administrative monument of Georgia is
situated in 1500 meters above sea level,in the right bank of
the river Mestia-Chala.There are many towers also and well
visible Tetnuldi Mountain (4851 m). Mestia is divided in two
districts.One is the main district Seti which together with a
St.Giorgi Church and Lagurka Church presents a sacred
place.Here is a Mestia Historical Museum,where are kept
the precious manurcripts, the best examples of Georgian
engraved art and iconography.

9

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

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2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

10

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

wilkani (mcxeTis raioni)
wilknis RvTismSoblis taZari saepiskoposo kaTedralia.
VI saukuneSi aq erT-erTi asureli mama _ ise wilkneli
moRvaweobda. igi aqvea dasaflavebuli. taZari sami
sxvadasxva drois nagebobas aerTianebs: darbazul eklesias
(IV _ V ss), samnavian bazilikas (V-VI ss) da kompleqsis
mTavar nagebobas gumbaTovan taZars. mTavari taZris
interierSi, gumbaTSi SemorCenilia gviani periodis
moxatuloba, xolo kedlebze SekeTebis dros Cayolebulia
rogorc adreuli, ise gviandeli xanis ornamentuli
qvebis nawilebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tsilkani (Mtskheta District)
Tsilkani Cathedral of Virgin Mary is an episcopal church. In VI
century there preached one of the Assyrian saints – Ise (he
was also interred there). Cathedral includes three different
units: hall-style church (IV-V cc.), three-nave basilica (VVI cc.) and main construction of the complex – Dome
Cathedral. Painting of the later period has been preserved in
the dome of the Main Cathedral interior, and the walls have
several layers of imbedded old and later era ornamented
parts of stone made during renovations.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

keci
saqarTveloSi keramikuli nawarmi uZvelesi droidan
farTod gamoiyeneboda yofa-cxovrebaSi, rasac arqeo­
logiuri gaTxrebis dros aRmoCenili masala adasturebs.
keci Tixisagan mzaddeba, zogierT kuTxeSi mas qvisganac
Tlian. keci Taviseburi qarTuli tafaa, romelzedac
amzadeben mWads, xaWapurs, sokos, qaTams, kalmaxs da sxv.
Tixis kecebs ayalo, Tixamiwa niadagisagan zelen da mere
maRal temperaturaze gamowvaven. kerZis momzadebis win
kecebs jer cecxlze gaaxureben da Sig Sesabamis produqts
moaTavseben, zevidan Tunuqs daafenen da nakverCxals
daayrian. SeiZleba naxoT mWadis cxobisas erTmaneTze
Semdgari 6-7 keci, es qarTuli tafebis `caTambjenia~.
keci ganumeorebel gemos aZlevs kerZs.

11

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ketsi
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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From ancient times pottery items in Georgia were widely
used in everyday life. There is large material evidence
to that from archeological excavations. Georgian Ketsi
(earthenware frying pan) is made of clay but in certain areas
it is also cut from stone. Ketsi is a traditional Georgian frying
pan used for cooking mchadi (corn bread), khachapuri
(chease pie), fried mushrooms, chickens, trout, etc. Ketsi
is kneaded from clammy clay deposits and then burned in
high temperature. Before cooking Ketsi is kindled on fire
after which a product is placed in it, covered with tin plate
on which burning embers from fireplace are put. One can
sometimes see 6-7-strong Ketsi column baking mchadi,
kind of a ‘skyscraper’ of Georgian pans. Ketsi gives a unique
taste to food.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

12

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

pompeusis xidi (mcxeTis raioni)
pompeusis, igive mogvTa xidi, mcxeTis SesasvlelTan mde­
bareobs da amJamad wyliT aris dafaruli. rodesac
mtkvarSi wylis done sagrZnoblad iklebs, xidis burjebic
gamoCndeba xolme. marTalia, xidi pompeusis (romaeli
mxeda­
rTmTavari) saqarTveloSi SemoWramdec (Zv. w. 65 w)
arse­
bobda, magram mas ratomRac `pompeusis xidad~
ufro moixsenieben, mogvTa saxeliT igi mxolod qarTul
wyaroebSi gvxvdeba. vaxtang gorgaslis mefobaSi xidi
safuZvlianad SeakeTes, XIX saukuneSi ki igi daangries
da mis magivrad oTxmaliani qvis TaRovani xidi aaSenes,
romelmac TiTqmis erTi saukune iarseba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Pompey’s Bridge (Mtskheta district)
14.00.

Pompey’s Bridge, same as Mogvta Bridge,is located at the
entrance of Mtskheta, which is currently covered with water.
As the river Mtkvari recedes notably, the dock of the bridge
becomes visible. The bridge in-fact was present prior to
Pompey’s (Roman General) invasion in Georgia (65 B.C.)
however it is referred to as “bridge of pompey” rather than,
by the name only known to the local sources, “Bridge of
Mogvta”. During the reign of King Vakhtang Gorgasali the
bridge was repaired thoroughly and was demolished in the
XIX century. It was replaced with an arch-bridge and existed
for a century.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Zelicxoveli
sveticxoveli qristianul saqarTveloSi aSenebuli erTerTi pirveli taZaria, romelic mtkvrisa da aragvis Sesa­
rTavTan, `wminda WalaSi~ anu samefo baRSi aages. mcxeTelma
ebraelebma ierusalimidan uflis kvarTi CamoabrZanes,
maT sidonia gamoegeba, es udidesi siwminde gulSi Caikra,
eambora, atirda da suli ganuteva. mas veranairi ZaliT
uflis kvarTi ver gamoacales xelidan, amitom gadawyvites
aseve daekrZalaT. sidonias saflavze amovida kviparosis xe,
libanis naZvad wodebuli. mefe mirianma am adgilze taZris
ageba ganizraxa. xe moWres da misgan daamzades Svidi sveti.
erTi svetis aRmarTva veravin SeZlo, mxolod wminda ninos
locva-kurTxeviT sveti Tavis adgilze daeSva, amitom am
svets cxovelmyofeli uwodes, eklesias ki -_ sveticxoveli.
sidonias saflavi dResac sveticxovlis taZarSia.
Dzelitskhoveli

paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

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Svetitskhoveli is one of the first cathedrals in the Christian
Georgia which was built at the confluence of rivers Mtkvari and
Aragvi, in the ‘Holy Grove’, or the Royal Orchard. The Jewish
residents of Mtskheta brought from Jerusalem the shroud of
Christ. They were welcomed by Sidonia who pressed to bosom
this sacred object, touched the robe with lips and crying full of
emotions, passed away. Nobody could remove the Lord’s robe
from her hands. Therefore, it was decided to lay her to rest with
the mantle in her hands. A big cedar tree grew on the gravesite
of Sidonia called a Lebanon green tree. King Mirian decided
to erect a cathedral on this place. The tree was cut and seven
columns were made out of it. Nobody could install one column,
only through blessings of St. Nino the pillar could be placed on
its site, therefore this pillar was named ‘life-giving pillar’, hence
here comes the name of the church – Svetitskhoveli, or the Living Pillar Church. The tomb of Sidonia is still within the cathedral today.

13

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14

www.paata.ge

SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

dambali xaWo
dambali xaWo tradiciuli fSauri kerZia. mzaddeba
karaqis SedRvebis Semdeg darCenili dos xaWosagan.
marilSi gadazelil xaWos kverebs ramdenime dRe umzeod
aSroben wnelebisagn mownul specialur saTavsSi _
ZobanSi, romelic xSirad Suacecxlis Tavze amaval bolze
hkidia. gamSral xaWos kverebs dasalbobad alageben Tixis
qoTanSi, romelic xSirad hermetulobis da mudmivi
temperaturis SesanarCuneblad miwaSia dafluli. ase
lbeba xaWos kverebi daaxloebiT 2 Tvis ganmavlobaSi.
lbobis procesSi garedan ikidebs “keTilSobil obs,
romelic gemrielicaa da sasargebloc. obiani kanis
SigniT xaWos kverebi lbeba da oqrosfers idebs.“`sanaTas
saxlma~ tradiciad aqcia da yovelwliurad dambalxaWos
festivali aRiniSneba TianeTSi.

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12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Dambali Khacho

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18.00.

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Dambali Khacho (moistened curds) is a traditional Pshavi
dish. It is prepared of buttermilk left after churning butter.
Curds flat cakes mixed with salt are dried for several days
out of the sun light in a special wattled premise called
dzobani usually hanging in the smoke above the fire. This is
the way curds cakes hang for drying for roughly 2 months.
To gain moisture dried flat cakes are placed in the clay pot
which is often buried in the ground for air tightness and
constant temperature. In the moistening process cakes
take ‘benevolent mould’ which is both tasty and wholesome.
Beneath the mould skin flat cakes take moisture and golden
color.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

TuSeTi
saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi kuTxe _ TuSeTi
aRmosavleT kavkasionze mdebareobs. TuSeTs aRmosavleTiT
daRestani, xolo CrdiloeTiT CeCneTi esazRvreba.
TuSeTis daculi teritoriebi TuSeTis saxelmwifo
nakrZals, TuSeTis erovnul parksa da TuSeTis dacul
landSafts aerTianebs. misi saerTo farTobi daaxloebiT
122 050 heqtaria. TuSeTis mcenareuli safari saocrad
mravalferovania. aqauri floris 230 saxeoba kavkasiis
endemia, xolo 11 saxeoba -_ saqarTvelos endemi.
kavkasionis es naSali ferdobebi da miuvali kldeebi
aRmosavleTkavkasiuri jixvis, arCvisa da niamoris, aseve
dabali da muxlmagari TuSuri cxenisa da mecxvareebis
erTguli TanaSemwis_ -kavkasiuri nagazis samSobloa.

15
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sunday

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

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13.00.

14.00.

Tusheti
Tusheti, one of the most beautiful regions of Georgia,is
located in the Eastern Caucasus.It’s bordered by Dagestan
to the east and by Chechnya- to the north. Tusheti Protected
Areas cover Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve,Tusheti National
Park and Tusheti Protected Landscape.There total area is
about 122 050 ha. The Protected Areas have an incredibly
diverse flora. 230 representatives of domestic flora are
endemic to Caucasus and 11 species are endemic to
Georgia. These weathered slopes of Caucasus and
inaccessible cliffs are the homeland of the East Caucasian
tur,chamois and Bezoar goat. This place is also a homeland
of a small but strong Tush horse and shepherds’ faithful
assistant - Caucasian shepherd dog.

15.00.

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18.00.

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2012
giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

16

orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

gergeTi (stefanwmindis raioni)
gergeTis sameba yvelaze Zlier salocavad iTvleba
xevSi. kompleqsSi Sedis samebis jvar-gumbaTovani
eklesia, samreklo da galavani, romlebic XIV saukunes
ganekuTvneba. taZris kar-sarkmlebi morTulia CuqurTmiT;
samreklos fasadebze ramdenime saintereso reliefia _
aq gamosaxulia yurZNnis mtevnebi, jvari, cxovelTa da
frinvelTa gamosaxulebebi, agreTve mamakaci asomTavruli
warweriT. gergeTSi iwereboda matiane `mosaxseniebeli
sulTai~ -_ saintereso dokumetebis Semcveli krebuli. 16
ivliss aRiniSneba gergeToba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Gergeti Holy Trinity Church (Stepantsminda district)
The Church of Tsminda Sameba (Holy Trinity) was built in
the XIV century and is situated or the opt of the hill nearby
of Kazbegi.It’s considered as the most powerful prayers
place in the valley.The complex consists of the Trinity
cross- domed church,a chapel and a wall.The doors and
windows are richly decorated.The bell tower walls are
decorated by reliefs of grapes,cross and images of animals
and birds. Here in Gergeti Trinity church was written a very
interesting collection of “Mosaxseniebeli sultai” (the Soul’s
Rememberance book).

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mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2012

laSaroba
laSaris jvari fSavis mTavari salocavia. sakulto centri
mdebareobs aragvis xeobis zeda welSi, sofel xoSaris
momijnave laSaris goraze. laSaris jvari iTvleboda
molaSqre RvTaebad, romelic win miuZRoda laSqars. mas
aseve saxnav-naTesis baraqianobas, adamianTa keTildReobas,
avadmyofobisa da zianisgan dacvas SesTxovdnen. laSaroba
TianeTSi, xevsureTsa da fSavSi aRiniSneba. tradiciis
Tanaxmad, tardeba msxverplSewirvis rituali, xevisberis
mier wminda droSis gamobrZaneba da mlocvelTa dalocva.
qalebisTvis salocavSi Sesvla akrZalulia. dResaswaulze
aseve imarTeba doRi da sxva kulturuli RonisZiebebi.
laSaroba yovelwliurad aRiniSneba da emTxveva petrepavlobis DdResaswaulis momdevno orSabaTs.

17

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Lasharoba
The Lashari Cross is the main chapel of worship in Pshavi.
The point of worship is located at the upper plateau of the
river Aragvi gorge, on mount Lashari, on the rim of the hamlet
of Khoshari. The Lashari Cross was considered a military
campaign icon which was carried at the head of militia. It was
also the target of prayers of the people pleading to provide
them with the bounty of harvest, well-being, protection
from illnesses and damage. Lasharoba is celebrated in
Tianeti, Khevsureti and Pshavi. Tradition entails the rite of
animal sacrifice, carrying of the holy banner by khevisberi
(community elder) and blessings of parishioners. Women
are banned from entering the chapel. Celebrations include
also horse race and other cultural events.

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2012

18

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oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

mecxvareoba
saqarTveloSi mecxvareobas odiTganve misdevdnen. ga­
za­
fxulze mecxvareebi cxvris faras mTaSi ialaRebze
mierekebian da gvian Semodgomamde mTaSi rCebian. saocari
sanaxavia mTas Sefenili TeTri fara. TuSuri cxvari
vizualurad Zalian mimzidvelia, aqvs ganieri mkerdi,
gadarekvis dros, moZraobaSi mkvircxli da fxizelia. misi
matyli grexvis da gaWimvis gamZleobiT gamoirCeva. cxvris
rZis cximianoba Sveicarulze maRla dgas da amitomac
gansakuTrebulad cximiani da gemrielia TuSuri gudis
yveli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sheep breeding
Sheep breeding was developed in Georgia from ancient
times. In spring shepherds goad the flock of sheep to
mountain grazing and stay in the high mountains until fall.
White flock of sheep covering mountains makes a gorgeous
view. Sheep of Tusheti region is very appealing, it has broad
chest and during drive of the flock sheep is dexterous and
vigilant. Its wool is noted for resilience to bending and
stretching. The fat content of its milk is higher compared
with its Swiss counterpart. Therefore, the Tusheti gouda
cheese is especially fatty and tasty.

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18.00.

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eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

19

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivlisi/JULY

matyli

09.00.

matyli cxvris bewvisgan miiReba. matylis darTvis
tradicia saqarTvelos maRalmTian soflebSi DdResac
popularulia. es saqme ZiriTadad qalebzea mindobili.
cxvris matylisgan awarmoeben Salis Zafs, romelsac
bunebrivi saRebavebiT Rebaven. iRebeba rogorc Zafi,
aseve naqsovi Salis qsovilic. matylisgan miRebuli
ZafiT iqsoveba windebi, mzaddeba qudebi, romlebic
gansakuTrebulad lamazia da gamoirCeva ZvelqarTuli
tradiciuli ornamentebiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Wool
Wool is gathered from the fur of sheep. Processing of wool
is popular in the Georgian highland villages even today.
This business primarily belongs to women. They spin yarns
and paint them with natural dyes. They paint both threads
and knitted wool fabrics. Using yarns produced from wool
they knit socks, hats which are especially beautiful and are
decorated with ancient Georgian traditional ornaments.

14.00.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

20
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

SroSa
meTuneoba, gamomwvari Tixisagan WurWlis, aguris,
kramitis da sxv. sagnebis damzadeba, uZvelesi droidan
saqarTvelos yvela kuTxeSi iyo ganviTarebuli, magram
maT Soris mainc gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs sofel
SroSas da aq damzadebul Tixis nawarms. sofeli
SroSa mdebareobs zestafonis raionSi, md. Zirulas
xeobaSi, saqarTvelos centralur magistralze. mwiri
da soflis meurneobisTvis gamousadegari cecxlgamZle
wiTeli miwa aqaurebisaTvis namdvil sabadod iqca. Tixa
soflidan moSorebiT tyeSi moipoveba. TiToeuli nivTis
dasamzadeblad specialur miwas arCeven. aq meTuneobis
tradicia da saidumlo yvela ojaxSi daculia da mamidan
Svilze memkvidreobiT gadadis.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Shrosha
Pottery, or forming earthenware, bricks, roof tiles and other
items from firing clay in the kiln was developed in all corners
of Georgia from the antique times. But among them stands
out the hamlet of Shrosha and clayware produced here. The
hamlet of Shrosha is located in Zestafoni district, in the gorge
of river Dzirula, on the central expressway of Georgia. The
red fireproof soil, ineffective and meager for the agriculture,
has become a real treasure trove for the locals. The clay
is extracted from the forest, at a certain distance from the
hamlet. The locals pick special soil for producing a concrete
item. Each and every family here is a custodian of pottery
traditions and trade secrets which go down from father to
son in succession.

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18.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

kurorti borjomi
borjomis xeoba saqarTvelos centralur nawilSi,
TrialeTisa da lixis qedebs Soris, zRvis donidan
800-900 metrze mdebareobs. igi cnobilia mineraluri
wyliTa da balneologiuri kurortiT. istoriul da
arqeologiur wyaroebze dayrdnobiT dgindeba, rom
borjomis wyals ara marto sasmelad, aramed samkurnalo
abazanebisTvisac iyenebdnen, rac aq napovni abanoebiT
dasturdeba (Zv.w. I aTaswleuli). aseve mtkicdeba, rom
mineralur wyals Cv.w. I s-dan XVI saukunis bolomde
gamoiyenebdnen. napovnia Sua saukuneebis Tixis milebi,
romliTac wyali sxva adgilebSi gaedineboda. Semdeg igi
daviwyebas mieca. borjomi XIX saukunidan kvlav gaxda
popularuli _ mas Semdeg, rac ruseTis saimperatoro
ojaxma aq dasasvenebeli sasaxle aaSena.

21
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Borjomi Resort
15.00.

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gaicani saqar

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The Borjomi gorge is located in the heartland of Georgia,
between the slopes of Trialeti and Likhi, at the altitude
of 800-900 m. It is famous with its mineral water and a
spa resort. With reference to historical and archeological
sources it was established that Borjomi mineral water was
used not only as a drinking water but also as curative bath
water proved by excavated baths here (I millennium AD).
There is also evidence that mineral water was used from I
c. BC up to the end of XVI c.; medieval clay pipes have been
unearthed which were used as a conduit to transport water to
other places. After that it fell into oblivion. From XIX century
on Borjomi again recovered its popularity after the Russian
emperor’s family built here their summer palace.

DAYS
dRe

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2012
zaza qardavas foto
PHOTO BY ZAZA QARDAVA

22
kvira
sunday

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

tobavarCxili (samegrelo)
to\\bavarCxilis tba egrisis qedis samxreT kalTaze, mu­
xu­
ris mTaze, zRvis donidan 2650 metr simaRleze
mdebareobs. toba megrulad tbas niSnavs, varCxili
vercxls, anu, iTargmneba, rogorc vercxlis tba. arse­
bobs legenda, romlis Tanaxmad, Tuki tbaSi vinme Sesvlas
gabedavda da qvas, an Tundac sxva raimes xels axlebda,
umal saSineli Weqa-quxili da kokispiruli wvima
daiwyeboda. tba sazrdoobs Tovlis, wvimis da miwisqveSa
wylebiT. aris gamdinare. wylis done zamTarSi dabalia,
zafxulSi (ivlisSi) maRali. wyali mtknaria. Tevzi ar icis.
samegreloSi am tbas wminda tbasac eZaxian, vinaidan masSi
aranairi sibinZure ar arsebobs. turistebi ZiriTadad
fexiT adian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tobavarchkhili (Samegrelo region)
Lake Tobavarchkhili is located on the southern slope of the
Egrisi mountain range, 2650 meters above sea level. ‘Toba’
in Mengrelian means ‘Lake’, and ‘Varchkhili’ means ‘Silver’,
therefore, the name of the lake is ‘Silver lake’. As the legend
goes, if somebody ventured to go into the lake and touched
a stone or even something else, a vigorous thunderstorm
and pelting rain would follow immediately. The lake feeds
from snow, rain and underground waters. It is a running
water lake. The level of surface water in wintertime is low and
in summer (July) is high. The water is fresh but with no fish.
In Samegrelo this lake is also called ‘pure’ lake since there is
no mud in it. Tourists usually walk there.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

anaklia
anaklia, SavizRvispira patara dasaxlebuli punqti mde­
bareobs enguris SesarTavTan, mdinaris marcxena napirze.
XV-XVII saukuneebSi anaklia odiSis samTavros erT-erTi
mniSvnelovani navsadguri iyo, XVIII saukunis dasawyisSi
anaklia Turqebma miitaces da 1703 wels aq kvadratuli
formis cixe da oriarusiani galavani aages. Turqebis
xelSi anaklia tyveebiT vaWrobis buded iyo qceuli.
dResdReobiT anakliam axali sicocxle SeiZina, aq didi
mSenebloba daiwyo, aSenda axali sastumroebi, keTilmoewyo
sanapiro zoli, aigo xidi, romelic anaklias ganmuxurTan
akavSirebs. 2011 wlis zafxulis bolos anaklia kurortqalaqad gamocxadda.
Anaklia
Anaklia is a small settlement on the Black Sea coast at the
spot where Inguri river flows into the sea, on the left bank
of the river. In XV-XVII centuries Anaklia was one of the
important harbors of Odishi Principality. In the beginning
of XVIII c. Anaklia was conquered by the Turks and in 1703
they built here a square-formed fortress and two-tier fence.
The Turks converted Anaklia into a slave-trading locale.
Today Anaklia gained a new life. Big development projects
are under way here, new hotels have been built and a coast
line has been readjusted, a bridge connecting Anaklia with
Ganmukhuri has been constructed. At the end of summer of
2011 Anaklia was declared a resort city.

23
orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

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2012

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www.paata.ge

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

siRnaRi (kaxeTi)
siRnaRi saqarTvelos Zvel cixe-qalaqebs Soris yvelaze
axalgazrdaa. agebulia 1762 wels erekle mefis mier.
cixes 40 heqtari farTobi uWiravs da mTebis reliefs
mihyveba. vrceli galavnis mTel sigrZeze cilindruli
koSkebia Cayolebuli. 23 koSkidan mxolod oris saxeli
ar aris SemorCenili, danarCenebi ki soflebis saxelebiT
moixsenieba. ese igi TiToeuli sofeli sakuTari koSkis
Sesasvlelidan afarebda Tavs cixes. Tavad qalaqis
teritoriaze SemorCenilia ramdenime eklesia, maT Soris
wm. giorgis, wm. stefanes da sxva.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Sighnaghi (Kakheti region)
Among the fortress towns of Georgia Sighnaghi is the
youngest. It was built in 1762 on the order of king Erekle
II. The fortress occupies the area of 40 ha and follows the
relief of mountains. Along the whole length of a solid fence
were embedded cylinder towers. From 23 towers only two
were not designated, the rest of them are named after
surrounding villages, that means that each village could find
shelter in the fortress only passing through the gates of a
tower of its name. On the territory of the city itself several
churches have been preserved, including churches of St.
George, St. Stephen and others.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ujarma (sagarejos raioni)
ujarmis cixe-qalaqi mdebareobs md. ivris marjvena napiras.
matianeTa cnobiT, igi auSenebia qarTlis mefes asfagurs
III saukuneSi. IV saukuneSi ujarma ukve mniSvnelovani
centri iyo. V saukuneSi vaxtang gorgasalma ganaaxla
qalaqi da Tavis rezidenciad gamoacxada, amis Semdeg
misi Svili, daCi, aqedan ganagebda kaxeTs. ujarma X
saukuneSi arabebma daangries, misi aRdgena XII saukuneSi
momxdara giorgi III-is dros. cixes Semovlebuli hqonda
cxrakoSkiani galavani. cixis teritoriaze aris V
saukunis `jvarpatiosnis~ eklesia, sasaxle da sxvadasxva
sameurneo nagebobani.

25

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ujarma (Sagarejo district)
The fortress-township is located on the eastern bank of river
Ivri. According to the chronicles it was built by the king of
Kartli, Asfagur, in the III century. In the IV century Ujarma
was already an important center. In the V century Vakhtang
Gorgasali renovated this township and proclaimed it his own
residence. After that his son, Dachi, ruled Kakheti from this
place. In the X century Ujarma was destroyed by the Arabs,
it was rebuilt in the XII century during the reign of king Giorgi
III. The fortress was encircled with the nine-tower fence.
On the territory of the fortress there is a church of Decent
Cross, a palace and various utility structures.

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26

www.paata.ge

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

qarTuli Widaoba
qarTveli xalxis erovnuli kulturis saganZurSi
qarTul Widaobas erT-erTi gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs.
erovnuli sportis es ulamazesi saxeoba vaJkacobisa da
moxerxebulobis mkafio dadasturebaa; Cveni erovnuli
saunjea, romelic saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi ixveweboda da
Cvenamde srulyofili saxiT moaRwia. qarTuli xalxuri
Widaobis ileTebs Tavisufal, berZnul-romaul, sambosa
da Ziudos klasikur stilebSic SexvdebiT. saqarTveloSi
msoflios araerTi gamoCenili falavani aRizarda. maT
Soris gamorCeuli adgili uWiravT: r. ruruas, v. bala­
vaZes, g. kartozias, l. TediaSvils, m. calqalamaniZes,
S. CoCiSvils, l. xabelovs, a. qoriZes T. xubulurs, d.
cimakuriZes, a. mekokiSvils, a. qibrowaSvils, d. gobeji­S­
vils, l. kurtaniZes, z. zviadaurs da sxv.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian Wrestling
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

In the national cultural treasury of the Georgian people the
Georgian folk-style wrestling occupies one of the prominent
places. This brilliant national folk sport is true evidence of
masculine valor and dexterity. This is our national treasury
which honed along centuries and arrived to us in a perfect
condition. One can see holds used in the Georgian national
wrestling in Freestyle, Greco-Roman, Sambo and Judo
classical styles. Numerous world-famous wrestlers were
nurtured in Georgia. The most outstanding among them
are R. Rurua, V. Balavadze, G. Kartozia, L. Tediashvili,
M. Tsalkalamanidze, Sh. Chochishvili, L. Khabelov, A.
Koridze, T. Khubuluri, D. Tsimakuridze, A. Mekokishvili, A.
Kibrotsashvili, D. Gobejishvili, L. Kurtanidze, Z. Zviadauri and
others.

2012

27
paraskevi
FRIDAY

ivlisi/JULY

olimpiuri TamaSebi
msoflio mniSvnelobis sportul RonisZiebebs Soris
olimpiur TamaSebs gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs. qarTvelma
sportsmenebma pirvelad 1952 wels helsinkis olimpiadaSi
miiRes monawileoba. pirveli olimpiuri Cempionebi
gaxdnen d. cimakuriZe, r. CimiSkiani da m. juReli.
momdevno olimpiadebze Tavi isaxeles m. calqalamaniZem,
g. kartoziam, r. SavlayaZem, a. qoriZem, n. asaTianma, v. kaWa­
ravam, v. sanaevma, r. ruruam, l. TediaSvilma, S. CoCi­Svilma,
z. sakandeliZem, m.qorqiam, v. kratasiukma. a. ampi­logovma,
q. losaberiZem, S. xabarelma, v. blagiZem, n. salu­
qvaZem,
d. gobejiSvilma, v. gogolaZem, v. afciaurma, g. keta­
Svilma, l. xabelovma, k kaxniaSvilma, d. xaxaleiSvilma.
1996 wlidan olimpiur TamaSebze qarTuli himni aJRerda
_ g. asaniZis, z. zviadauris, m. kvirkvelias, i. cirekiZisa
da r. mindoraSvilis gamarjvebaTa aRsaniSnavad.
Olympic Games

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Among the sporting events of world importance Olympic
Games are distinguished by their standing. The Georgian
sportsmen first took part in 1952 Helsinki Olympics.
First Olympic champions became D. Tsimakuridze, R.
Chimishkian and M. Jugeli. On the next Olympics the
following sportsmen came off winners: M. Tsalkalamanidze,
G. Kartozia, R. Shavlakadze, A. Koridze, N. Asatiani,
V. Kacharava, V. Saneev, R. Rurua, L. Tediashvili, Sh.
Chochishvili, Z. Sakandelidze, M. Korkia, V. Kratasiuk, A.
Anpilogov, K. Losaberidze, Sh. Khabareli, V. Blagidze, N.
Salukvadze, D. Gobejishvili, V. Gogoladze, V. Aptsiauri, G.
Ketashvili, L. Khabelov, K. Kakhniashvili, D. Khakhaleishvili.
Since 1996, the National Anthem of Georgia was sounded
at the Olympics in celebration of victories of G. Asanidze, Z.
Zviadauri, M. Kvirkvelia, I. Tsirekidze and R. Mindorashvili.

09.00.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
lika jguburias foto
PHOTO BY LIKA JGUBURIA

28
SabaTi
SATURDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

kvirikoba (lagurka)
uxsovari droidan, svaneTSi, sofel kalaSi 28 ivliss
wminda kvirikesa da ivlitas wamebis dRes aRiniSneba
religiuri dResaswauli kvirikoba, romelsac svaneTSi
lagurkas eZaxian. am dRes sofel kalaSi mdebare wminda
kvirikesa da ivlitas saxelobis taZarSi iwireba saklavi,
inTeba sanTlebi da imarTeba Sejibri. mamakacebma qvis
lodi unda daZran adgilidan da uzarmazari zari unda
awion. roca zari haerSi iweva, irekeba kidec. gamarjvebuli
saCuqrad iRebs cxvris yoCs, vaJkacis saxelsa da pativs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Kvirikoba (Lagurka)

13.00.

From times immemorial in the hamlet of Kala in Svaneti, on
July 28 is celebrated the ecclesiastical holiday Kvirikoba, the
Day of Martyrdom of St. Kvirike and St. Ivlita which is called
Lagurka in Svaneti. This day at the church St. Kvirike and St.
Ivlita located in the hamlet of Kala is conducted the sacrifice
of an animal, candles are lit and sporting contests held. Men
are supposed to move a huge boulder from the ground and
lift a big bell. When the bell is already in the air it tolls. The
winner takes sheep ram and the credit and the honor of
being vazhkatsi (a genuine man).

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

bazaleTis tba
bazaleTis tba duSeTis samxreT-dasavleTiT, zRvis
donidan 879 metr simaRleze mdebareobs. tbis zedapiris
farTobi 1,22 km2-ia. maqsimaluri siRrme _ _7 metri. tbis
samxreTi da dasavleTi napirebi Semosilia lelqaSiT. misi
zedapiri dafarulia wyalmcenareebiT, gansakuTrebiT
gamoirCeva mravalwlovani wylis mcenare dumfara _
mas veeberTela motivtive foTlebi da didi lamazi
yvavilebi aqvs. roca dumfara yvavis, tbis midamoebi
saocari sanaxavia. bazaleTis tba vulkanuri warmoSobisaa
da gamoirCeva samkurnalo TvisebebiT. aqauri mTis hava
da tbis wylis samkurnalo Tvisebebi bevr turistsa da
damsvenebels izidavs.
Lake Bazaleti
Lake Bazaleti is located to the south-west of Dusheti, at the
altitude of 879 m above sea level. The surface area of the lake
is 1,22 sq. km and maximum depth – 7 m. The southern and
western coasts of the lake are encircled by grassweeds. Its
surface is covered with aquatic plant, especially noteworthy
is perennial aquatic plant called water lily, it has huge floating
leaves and big beautiful flowers. When water lily blossoms
the scenery of the lake is magnificent. Lake Bazaleti is of
volcanic origin and is distinguished by curative qualities. The
mountain climate around it and curative qualities of the lake
water attract many tourists and holiday-makers.

29
kvira
sunday

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

30
orSabaTi
MONDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

baxmaro (guria)
saqarTvelos
mravalricxovan
kurortebs
Soris
erT-erTi mniSvnelovani adgili uWiravs baxmaros,
romelic mdebareobs Coxatauris raionSi, guria-aWaris
mTagrexilze, zRvis donidan 2050 metrze, raionuli
centridan 52 km-Si. kurortis teritoriaze mravali
ankara mdinarea, maT Soris yvelaze didia baxviswyali.
baxmaro mdidaria floriTa da fauniT. baxmaroze yoveli
wlis 19 agvistos imarTeba doRi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Bakhmaro (Guria region)
13.00.

Among the numerous resorts of Georgia one of the important
places is Bakhmaro which is located in Chokhatauri district,
on the mountainous crossroad of Guria and Adjara, at the
altitude of 2050 m above sea level, 52 km from district
center. There are lots of pure water rivulets on the territory
of a resort. The largest among them is river Bakhvistskali.
Bakhmaro is rich with wildlife and plant species. Every year
on August 19 horse race is held in Bakhmaro.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
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K NOW GEORGIA

baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

jvari (mcxeTis raioni)
jvris monasteri VI-VII saukuneebis erT-erTi yvelaze
unikaluri Zeglia, romelSic gasaocari harmoniiT aris
Serwymuli Sida sivrcisa da garegani masebis mxatvruli
gaformeba. istoriuli wyaroebiT, am adgilas, sadac
SemdegSi taZari aages, qristianobis gavrcelebis dasawyisis
droindeli xis didi jvari mdgara. fasadebze saintereso
reliefebia, maT Soris qtitorTa gamosaxulebebi,
romlebsac warwerebi axlavs; es warwerebi qarTuli
epigrafikis erT-erTi uZvelesi da mniSvnelovani Zeglia.
Jvari
The Jvari monument, VI-VII, is recognized with its uniqueness,
which underwent a problem with internal and external space
design. Based on the historical sources prior to erecting
the monastery, the area was taken up by a wooden cross
dating back to the time of early Christianity. The facades
are designed with chanting reliefs, amongst which are the
images and titles of Ktitors. These ancient inscriptions are a
part of epigraphy.

31

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

ivlisi/JULY
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

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15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

1

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

svanuri dResaswauli adiSSi (liCaniSoba)
liCaniSi moZravi dResaswaulia, romelic kvirikobis
Semdeg xuTSabaTs tardeba erTi wlis asakis bavSvisTvis
(vaJisTvis); am dRes loculobs agreTve uZeo ojaxi da
SesTxovs wmindans Zis gaCenas. liCaniSi, anu qudosani wm.
giorgi mamakacis funqciebSi Semavali yvela saqmianobis
mfarvelia. dResaswaulisaTvis mzadeba ki Semdegnairad
xdeba: molCeniSi (axalSobili vaJis ojaxi) amzadebs
joxs, masze gasakeTebel ferad Tavsafars _ _`durSais~,
mihyavT mozveri (an verZi), acxoben samarxvo kvers, purebs
... am yvelafers warmarTaven egreT wodebuli momzirebi,
romlebic ojaxs sixaruls, vaJiSvilis gamravlebas da
bednierebas usurveben.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Svanetian holiday in Hadishi (Lichanishoba)

14.00.

The Svan festival of Lichanishoba is held at the bottom of
a mountain in 4 kilometers from Hadishi village.On this
day people pray to St.Giorgi and ask to be given sons.As
the locals say in the families of those who pray are always
born boys.And there has been no exception.That’s why the
fathers of newborn bring pine or fir tree poles the following
year.The poles have flags on them with the names of the
newborn sons. After the prayer the fathers erect the poles
and give their blessings to the boys born that year.

15.00.

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18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ilia WavWavaZe
ilia WavWavaZe poeti, publicisti, prozaikosi, kriti­
ko­
si, erovnul-ganmanTavisuflebeli da saganmanaTleblo
moZra­
obis Tavkaci. man safuZveli Cauyara sazogadoebriv
dajgufebas `Tergdaleulebs~. 1863 wels daaarsa Jurnali
`saqarTvelos moambe~, Semdeg gazeTi `iveria~. qarTvelma
xalxma ilias „`eris mama~, saqarTvelos ugvirgvino mefe“
Searqva. igi iyo organizatori TiTqmis yvela qarTuli
saqmisa. uaRresad mniSvnelovani iyo `qarTvelTa Soris werakiTxvis gamavrcelebeli sazogadoebisa~ da saTavadaznauro
saadgilmamulo bankis Camoyalibeba, aseve didi Rvawli
dasdo qarTul Teatrs. 1907 wels saguramoSi mimavali
ilia wiwamurTan mokles. qarTulma marTlmadideblurma
eklesiam ilia wmindanad Seracxa. 2 agvisto w\minda ilias
moxseniebis dRea.

2

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ilia Chavchavadze
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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366

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T

Ilia Chavchavadze was a poet, political and literary writer,
critic, mastermind of the national liberation and educational
movement. He set foundation to the community group called
‘Tergdaleuli’. In 1863 he founded magazine ‘Sakartvelos
Moambe’, then paper ‘Iveria’. The Georgian people dubbed
Ilia ‘Father of the Nation’, and ‘King of Georgia With no
Crown’. He was at the head of nearly every national event.
It was extremely important that he set up ‘The Society for
Promotion of Literacy Among Georgians’ and the Estate
Bank. He has done a lot also for the Georgian theater. In
1907 in route to Saguramo Ilia was killed at Tsitsamuri. The
Georgian Orthodox Church has canonized him as saint. St.
Ilia’s memorial is celebrated on August 2.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

3

paraskevi
FRIDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

xobi (samegrelo)
xobis monasteri mdebareobs raionuli centridan 3-4
km-Si. eklesia RvTismSoblis saxelobisaa. kompleqsSi aris
samreklo da orsarTuliani sasaxlis nangrevebi (XVII
s). taZari XIII saukuneSia agebuli, dasavleT da samxreT
fasadebs mTel sigrZeze mouyveba gvian miSenebuli
galereebi, romlis aRmosavleT monakveTSi egvteria
moTavsebuli; XIV saukuneSi samegrelos mTavarma, vamey
dadianma, igi saZvaled gadaakeTa, bizantiuri marmarilos
filebiT amoaSena da moaxatvina. eklesiis moxatulobaSi
didi adgili ukavia `saRvTo scenebs~ da qtitorTa
portretebs. aq gamosaxulni arian vamey dadiani da misi
meuRle mareSi; Sergil dadiani meuRliT da sxva.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Khobi (Samegrelo region)

14.00.

The Khobi monastery is located in 3-4 km from downtown of
the district. The church is named after Mother Mary. There is
a bell tower in the complex and ruins of a two-storey palace
(XVII c). The cathedral was constructed in the XII century.
To the western and southern facades later were attached
accessory galleries on the whole length, in the eastern parts
of which is placed a chapel; in the XIV century the ruler of
Samegrelo, Vamek Dadiani, turned it into a sepulcher,
decorated it with Byzantine marble tiles and made it painted.
In murals of the church big part goes to the ‘Holy Scenes’
and portraits of protectors. Here are images of Vamek
Dadiani and his spouse, Mareshi; Sherghil Dadiani with a
spouse, and others.

15.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

abo Tbileli
VII s-is dasawyisSi aRmocenebulma islamurma religiam
arnaxuli siswrafiT daiwyo gavrceleba. arabebma
cecxliTa da maxviliT daimorCiles bevri qveyana.
VIII saukuneSi Tbiliss arabi amira marTavda. abo iyo
baRdadeli arabi, nelsacxebelTa ostati; msaxurobda
baRdadSi myofi qarTlis erisTavis nerses karze, sadac
zedmiwevniT Seiswavla qarTuli da gaecno qristianul
moZRvrebas. 775 wels nerses baRdadidan qarTlSi
Camohyva. devnil erisTavs Tan gahyva xazareTSic, sadac
qristianoba miiRo. TbilisSi dabrunebisTanave arabebma
igi amirasTan daasmines. abos mosTxoves dabruneboda
mahmadianobas, magram uSedegod. 786wlis 6 ianvars,
10-dRiani patimrobis Semdeg mas Tavi mohkveTes. abos gvami
dawves, ferfli ki mtkvarSi Cayares.

4

SabaTi
SATURDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Abo Tbileli
15.00.

16.00.

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18.00.

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gaicani saqar

GE T T

The religion of Islam founded at the beginning of VII century
started swift expansion. The Arabs have conquered a lot
of countries using ‘scorched earth’ policy. Georgia could
not escape Arab invaders. In VIII century Tbilisi was ruled
by an Arab Emir. Abo was an Arab from Baghdad, a maker
of fine perfumes and ointments; he worked at the court
of the Kartli Prince Nerses in Baghdad. Abo substantially
studied Georgian and the doctrine of Christianity there. In
775 he accompanied Nerses from Baghdad to Kartli; he
also accompanied the Prince to Khazaria where the Prince
went to seek refuge, and was baptized there. As soon as he
returned to Tbilisi, the local Arabs blew the whistle on Abo to
Emir; Abo was requested to convert back to Islam, but to no
avail. In January 6, 786, after 10-day imprisonment he was
beheaded. Abo’s remains were burnt and ashes littered to
Mtkvari river.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

5

kvira
sunday

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

vaxuSti batoniSvili
saqarTvelos istoriis Sesaswavlad umniSvnelovanesi
wyaroa vaxuSi batoniSvilis Txzuleba `aRwera samefosa
saqarTvelosa~, sadac gadmocemulia Cveni qveynis istoria
uZvelesi droidan XVIII saukunis pirveli naxevris
CaTvliT. vaxuSti batoniSvilma Tavis naSroms daurTo
sagangebo qronologiuri cxrili da saqarTvelos
istoriul-geogra­
fiul rukaTa ori atlasi. vaxuSti
batoniSvilis wignSi srulyofiladaa ganxiluli Cveni
qveynis istoria da geografia. amitom es naSromi, mxolod
wyaro ar aris, igi saqarTvelos istoriis Seqmnis pirveli
mecnieruli cdaa. igive SeiZleba iTqvas vaxuStiseul
atlasebze, romelic msoflio mniSvnelobis kulturul
Zeglad aRiares.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Vakhushti Batonishvili
The pracious source in studies of the history of Georgia is
the work of Vakhushti Batonishvili (1696-1757) (prince)
Description of the Kingdom of Georgia, where he covers
the history of our nation from the times immemorial to the
first half of the XVIII century. Vakhushti Batonishvili has
attached to his work a special timeline table and two atlases
of Georgian historical geography maps. In the Vakhushti
Batonishvili book is extensively covered Georgian history and
geography of our nation. Therefore this work is not simply a
source – it is the first attempt to create a scientific book on
the history of Georgia. The same can be said on atlasses of
Vakhushti which were acknowledged as the world-important
cultural specimens.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ureki (guria)
guria saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi kuTxea, romelic
qveynis samxreT-dasavleT nawilSi mdebareobs. mas kolxeTis
dablobis samxreTi nawili ukavia da dasavleTiT Savi zRva
akravs. guriaSi bevri sakurorto da turistuli adgilia,
maT Soris gamorCeulia SavizRvispira kurorti ureki.
urekis midamoebi uZvelesi droidan yofila dasaxlebuli,
rasac adasturebs mdinare sufsis SesarTavTan aRmoCenili
oqrosa da brinjaos nivTebi. urekis sanapiros qviSa didi
raodenobiT Seicavs magnitur rkinas, romelic araerTi
daavadebis unikaluri samkurnalo saSualebaa.

6

orSabaTi
MONDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ureki (Guria region)
Guria is one of the most beautiful regions of Georgia located
in south-western corner of the nation. It occupies southern
part of Kolkheti lowland and borders the Black Sea in the
west. There are many resort and tourist areas in Guria.
Among them stands out the Black Sea resort of Ureki. The
area around Ureki was settled from ancient times proved
by gold and bronze artifacts unearthed at the mouth of river
Supsa. The sand of the coastline beach in Ureki contains
magnetic iron which is a unique curative means for numerous
diceases.

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18.00.

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DAYS
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K NOW GEORGIA

2012

7

www.paata.ge

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

7 agvisto 2008 weli
sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg ruseTi farulad,
separatistuli mTavrobebis daxmarebiT axorcielebda
saomar moqmedebebs samxreT oseTsa da afxazeTSi.
2008 wels ki ukve Riad daupirispirda Cvens qveyanas
da 2008 wlis 7 agvistos saqarTveloSi omi daiwyo.
rusi samxedroebi saqarTveloSi rokis gvirabis gavliT
Semovidnen. ibombeboda q. cxinvavli, q. gori da soflebi:
tyviavi, tirZnisi, Zevera, ergneTi, TamaraSeni, ateni, niqozi,
dici, meRvrikisi, karaleTi. saqarTvelos daxmarebis xeli
gamouwoda mTelma civilizebulma samyarom, evrokavSirma,
evrosabWom, natom erTxmad dagmes ruseTis agresia da
mxari dauWires saqarTvelos teritoriul mTlianobas.

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13.00.

August 7, 2008

14.00.

After dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia had waged
a proxy clandestine hostilities with the hands of separatist
governments in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. However,
in 2008 she openly faced-off our country and on August
7, 2008, the war started. The Russian soldiers invaded
Georgia through the Roki tunnel. By air strikes they have
bombed the towns of Tskhinvali, Gori and villages of Tkviavi,
Tirdznisi, Dzevera, Ergneti, Tamarasheni, Ateni, Nikozi, Ditsi,
Meghvrikisi and Karaleti. The hand of assistance to Georgia
was extended by the whole civilized world. European Union,
Council of Europe and NATO have unanimously condemned
the Russian aggression and supported the territorial integrity
of Georgia.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

daviT kakabaZe
daviT kakabaZe (1889- 1952 ww.) iyo cnobili qarTveli
fermweri, grafikosi, Teatrisa da kinos mxatvari,
xelovnebis mkvlevari, gamomgonebeli, saqarTvelos
xelovnebis damsaxurebuli moRvawe. daviT kakabaZe XX s-is
axali qarTUuli xelovnebis erT-erTi yvelaze TvalsaCino
warmomadgenelia.

8

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

David Kakabadze

12.00.

David Kakabadze (1889-1952) was a Georgian painter,
graphic artist and cinema and theatre decorator, researcher
of arts, inventor and holder of the title of Honorable Artist of
Georgia. He was one of the outstanding representatives of
the new Georgian art of the XX century.

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2012
mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

9

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

goris cixe (goris raioni)
qalaqi gori mdebareobs qarTlis gulSi. igi erT-erTi
uZvelesi qalaqia saqarTveloSi, rac arqeologiuri
masaliT dasturdeba; istoriul wyaroebSi ki igi mxolod
VII saukunidan ixsenieba. cixesimagris safortifikacio
nagebobani sxvadasxva periods ganekuTvneba. yvelaze
ukeTaa
Semonaxuli
dasavleTis
monakvTi,
egreT
wodebuli `cxrakara~. XIII-dan XVIII saukunemde gori
umniSvnelovanesi strategiuli da savaWro centri
iyo, amave dros dampyroblebisa da Sinauri mefeebis
sacilobeli punqtic. goris cixem Tavisi mniSvneloba
mxolod XIX saukuneSi dakarga.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Gori Fortress (Gori district)
14.00.

The town of Gori is located in the heartland of Kartli. It is
one of the oldest towns in Georgia proved by archeological
evidence; the reference of the town in the chronicles starts
from VII century. The fortification structures of the fortress
belong to different periods. The best preserved is the western
segment, so called ’Tskhrakara’. From XIII to XIX centuries
Gori was the most important strategic and trade center. That
is why it was always a titbit for foreign invaders and internal
rulers. The Gori fortress lost its strategic importance only in
XIX century.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

atenis sioni (goris raioni)
taZari jvar-gumbaTovani nagebobaa, gegmaSi warmoadgens
tetrakonqs. kedlebze SemorCenilia sxvadasxva drois
warwerebi da minawerebi, sadac moxseniebulni arian
istoriuli pirebi, fasadebze warmodgenilia saintereso
reliefebi
adamianTa,
cxovelTa
da
frinvelTa
gamosaxulebebiT. atenis sionis mTavar Rirsebas, SeiZleba
iTqvas, warmoadgens misi moxatuloba, romelic XI
saukuneSia Sesrulebuli (Tumca, aris ufro Zveli, VIII s-is
moxatulobis fragmentebic); aq aris rogorc aTormeti
dResaswaulis cikli, agreTve sxvadasxva scenebi, maT
Soris apokrifuli scenebi RvTismSoblis cxovrebidan.

10

paraskevi
FRIDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ateni Sioni (Gori district)
The church is a central - domed building, the plan is
tetraconch. The church is decorated with paintings dates
back in XI, VII centuries they are rich of ornaments, and with
relief of plants, animals and mythology. Atenis Sioni’s main
merit can be said ,is its painting of the XI century,(although
there are older, VIII century wall painting fragments as well),
there is a “twelve holiday” cycle, series of different scenes,
including apocryphal scenes of St Mary’s Life.

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17.00.

18.00.

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2012
daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

11
SabaTi
SATURDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

birTvisis cixe (TeTriwyaros raioni)
cixe istoriul wyaroebSi XI saukunidan ixsenieba da
miuxedavad imisa, rom mravali brZolis momswrea, mainc
iTvleba auRebel cixesimagred. cixis istoriasTan
dakavSirebiT yvelaze cnobilia Temur-lengis bolo
(merve) laSqrobis ambavi. igi 1403 wlis 3 agvistos moadga
cixes da 10 dRis ganmavlobaSi ver SeZlo ieriSis mitana.
misive istorikosebi da mraval brZolaSi gamocdili
sardlebi erTxmad aRiareben, rom amaze miuvali da Zlieri
cixe arsad enaxaT. Tumca, kldeze mcocavebis meSveobiT
Temurma SeZlo Signidan karis gaReba da qarTvelebis
Tavganwiruli brZolis, miuxedavad, cixis aReba. es moxda
1403 wlis 12 agvistos.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Birtvisi (Tetritskaro district)

14.00.

In historical sources the castle is mentioned in the XI century
and even though it witnesses a lot of fights,it should be
named as “Sheupovari” (“Obstinate”). From the history of
the castle,it’s more known in common of the Turco-Mongol
amir Timur-Leng last (eighths) invasion.In August 3,1403, he
came to the castle and during 10 days he couldn’t capture
it.According to his historians and experienced commanders
is was admitted that there was never seen such a strong
fortress.However Temur-Leng gathered special hunters and
climbers which were able to open the door from the inside
and to take the fortress.This occurred on August 12,1403.

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www.paata.ge

2012

didgoris brZola
saqarTvelos istoriografiaSi udidesi mniSvneloba
eniWeboda
didgoris
brZolas,
romelsac
daviT
aRmaSeneblis istorikosi `Zlevai sakvirvels~ uwodebs.
igi gansakuTrebuli movlena iyo qarTveli xalxis
mravalsaukunovan istoriaSi. am brZoliT bolo moeRo
Turq-dampyrobTa batonobas saqarTveloSi da mis
mezobel qveynebSi. didgoris brZola gaimarTa 1121 wlis
12 agvistos didgoris velze. daviT aRmaSenebelma 56
700-iani koaliciuri jariT, romelTa Soris 40 aTasi
rCeuli qarTveli mxedari, 16 aTasi yivCaRi, 500 alanosi da 200 frangi jvarosani iyo, daamarcxa 600 000iani laSqari. aRsaniSnavia, rom muslimebis winaaRmdeg
evropeli jvarosnebis rvave laSqroba uSedegod
damTavrda da mxolod daviT aRmaSenebelma SeZlo
uZleveli muslimuri laSqris ganadgureba.
Didgori Battle

kvira
sunday

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

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16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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In historiography the great importance is given to the Battle
of Didgori. King David’s historians named it as “Miraculous
Victory”. The battle of Didgori was fought between the
armies of the Kingdom of Georgia and the crumbling great
Seljuq Empire at the place of Didgori, 40km west of Tbilisi,
on August 12, 1121. King David IV of Georgia, known as “The
Builder”, led 56 000 coalition troops which consisted of 40
000 Georgian warriors, 16 000 Qipcaqs, 500 Alans and 200
French crusaders against the overwhelming invading enemy
of 600 000 Seljuk Turk troops. It should be noted that the
eight battles of the European crusaders against the Muslims
ended with the lost of the crusaders.Only David the Builder
was able to defeat the army of the Muslims in the battle of
Didgori.

12

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dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

13

orSabaTi
MONDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

varZia (aspinZis raioni)
kompleqsi gaSlilia 500 metrze da 600-mde saTavsosgan
Sedgeba, romlebic 5,7 da 13 sarTuladaa ganlagebuli.
misi mSenebloba daiwyo XII saukunisis meore naxevarSi
giorgi III-is dros da dasrulda misi Svilis, Tamaris
mefobis xanaSi; maTi freskebi aris mTavari eklesiis
CrdiloeT kedelze; mxatvroba Sesrulebulia 1184-1196
wlebSi da am periodis monumenturi ferweris saukeTeso
nimuSia. ansamblSi sainteresoa kldeSi nakveTi oTaxebis
arqiteqtura, maT Soris gamoirCeva `Tamaris oTaxi~,
`sadarbazo~, salxino~, `marani~, `afTiaqi~ da sxv. varZia,
rogorc cixe-qalaqi da samefo monasteri, udides
kulturul centrs warmoadgenda.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Vardzia (Aspindza district)

14.00.

The Vardzia Cave City sprawls to 500 meters and consists
of up to 600 appartments which are arranged on 5,7 and
13 stories. Its construction started in the second half of XII
century during the reign of Giorgi III and was completed
when his daughter – Queen Tamar was on the throne. Their
frescoes are depicted on the northern wall of the main
church; the work of art was performed in 1184-1196 and
is the best specimen of the monumental mural art of the
time. What is interesting in the complex is the architecture
of appartments dug in the rock, including ’Tamar’s room’,
’Hall’, ’Salkhino’, ’Marani’, ’Pharmacy’ and others. Vardzia
as a Cave City and a Royal monastery was a major cultural
center.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

Tamar mefis jvari
Tamar mefis bajaRlo oqros gulsakidi jvari (zoma
6,7X4,1 sm, wona 27,48 gr) Sedgeba oTxi daxvewili Tlili
naxevrad ovaluri firuzisagan, romelTa kideebSic,
agreTve centrSi mimagrebulia xuTi msxvili lali; maTgan
sami aRmosavluri warmoSobisaa. jvris mklavebs Soris
oTxi didi zomis margalitia; ori margaliti ki saxsris
gverdebzea moTavsebuli. jvris zurgze Sesrulebulia
asomTavruli warwera, romelSic moxseniebulia mefeTmefe Tamari.
Queen Tamar’s Cross
Queen Tamar’s pure gold Cross necklace (size 6,7 X4, 1 cm,
weight 27.48 g) consists of four elegant semi-oval turquoise
stones, the edges of which are mounted with large ruby
stones, five of them being of the East origin. Between The
arms of the Cross lie four oversized pearls. Also two other
pearls serve as the joint of the cross. The back side of the
cross holds inscriptions mentioning Queen Tamar - the king
of kings.

14

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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2012
iuza xuskivaZis foto
PHOTO BY IUZA KHUSKIVADZE

15

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

vanis (vahanis) qvabebi (aspinZis raioni)
kompleqsi 16 sarTuladaa gamokveTili da 200-ze met
qvabsa da 7 eklesias moicavs. mTavari taZari wm. giorgis
saxelobisaa (XI s); sainteresoa zeda iarusSi mdgari
gumbaTovani eklesia, romlis kedlebmac saintereso,
melniT Sesrulebuli warwerebi da naxatebi Semogvinaxa,
maT Soris `vefxistyaosnis~ ori strofi; warwerebi XVXVI saukuneebisaa. monastris aRmSeneblobaSi didi Rvawli
miuZRviT cnobil moRvaweebs _ mwignobarTuxuces anton
Wyondidels da iCqiT gurgenisZes (XIII s). mogvianebiT
Tmogvelebi adgenen monastris Sinaganawess -_ tibikons
`vahanis qvabTa gangeba~.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Vanis (vahani’s) Kwabebi (Vani’s Caves) (Aspindza district)
14.00.

The complex dates from the VIII century and contains many
caves split into 16 different levels each arranged along the
separate axes. In total more then 200 caves of different
destination are connected by a system of tunnels. There
are remains of 7 constructed churches as well, the most
noteworthy of which is St. George Church of XI c. Its interior
is almost totally covered with different ink paintings and
inscriptions performed in XV-XVI cc, some of which represent
separate verses form the poem “The Knight in the Panther’s
Skin.” A great contribution in building the monastery made
prominent figures Mtsignobartuxutsesi Anton Ckhondideli
and Ichkit Gurgenisdzes (XIII c). Later the residents of the
village “Tmogvi” made monastery typikon –”Vahani’s Kvabta
gangeba”

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18.00.

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Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

2012

zemo niqozi (goris raino)
sofel zemo niqozSi mdebareobs gumbaTovani taZari.
mTavarangelozis eklesia X saukunis nagebobaa, warwerebis
Tanaxmad, igi vinme miqael episkoposs augia; fasadebze
CuqurTmiani qvebia Cayolebuli. meore mTavari kompleqsi,
romelic eklesias, samreklosa da episkoposis sasaxles
moicavs, RvTaebis saxels atarebs. taZari V-VII saukuniT
TariRdeba da SemdgomSi ramdenjermea gadakeTebuli.
misi ageba vaxtang gorgaslis saxels ukavSirdeba. aq
aris dakrZaluli sparseli wminda mowamis raJdenis
neSti. taZari Tavdapirvelad samnaviani bazilika yofila.
saepiskoposo sasaxle X-XI saukuneebSia agebuli, samreklo
ki XVI-XVII saukuneebs ganekuTvneba.
Upper Nikozi (Gori district)
In the village of Upper Nikozi is located a dome cathedral.
The church of Archangel dates to X century. According to
inscriptions, it was built by some bishop Michael. Facades
of the cathedral have built-in ornamented stones. Another
major complex consisting of a church, a belfry and a palace
of a bishop, was designated after deity. Cathedral dates to
V-VII cc. and was redesigned afterwords several times. It is
supposed that its construction was connected with Vakhtang
Gorgasali. Here was buried a Persian holy martyr, Razhden.
Initially cathedal was a three-nave basilica. Episcopal palace
was constructed in X-XI cc., and belfry dates to XVI-XVII cc.

16

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

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18.00.

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2012

17

www.paata.ge

paraskevi
FRIDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

festivali `art-geni~
qarTuli folklorisa da TviTSemoqmedebis yovelwliuri
festivali `art-geni~ mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT
tardeba; daskvinTi etapi ki sruldeba didi galakoncertiT Tbilisis eTnografiul muzeumSi. 2004
wels festivals safuZveli Cauyara momReralma zaza
korinTelma. festivali miznad isaxavs qarTuli kulturis
popularizacias; masSi monawileoben sazogadoebisTvis
cnobili da ucnobi qarTveli Semsruleblebi, saqarTvelos
sxvadasxva kuTxis folkloruli koleqtivebi, imarTeba
xalxuri rewvis gamofena-gayidva. festivali art-geni
saukeTeso saSualebaa imisaTvis, rom sazogadoebam gaicnos
qarTuli kultura da adaT-wesebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Art-Gene

14.00.

The Georgian folklore and ameteur annual Festival, Art-Gene,
is held in the whole of Georgia; the final stage is concluded
with huge Gala Concert at Tbilisi Open Air Museum. The
Festival was inaugurated by Zaza Korinteli back in 2004. The
objective of the Festival is dissemination of the Georgian
culture. Among the participants of the Festival are Georgian
performers, both known and unknown faces to the public.
Folklore companies from various regions of Georgia come
to the forefront of the Festival to show their art to the crowd.
Within the frames of the Festival exhibitions and sales of
craftsmanship items are usually arranged. Art-Gene Festival
is the best means for the community to get acquainted with
the Georgian culture and traditions.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

darejanis sasaxle
qarTl-kaxeTis mefis erekle II-is meuRlis, darejanis
sasaxle riyis ubnis cicabo kldezea dakidebuli.
XVIII saukunis bolos dedofal darejans Zveli cixis
nangrevebze sasaxle da wminda iraklisa da wminda darias
saxelobis karis eklesiebi augia. am monasters `darias
monasters~, xolo sasaxles `saCinos~ eZaxdnen, radgan
qalaqis yvela kuTxidan kargad Canda. darejanis sasaxle
dedoflis sazafxulo rezidencia iyo. igi aSenda 1776
wels. sasaxlis ZiriTadi nawili xevis piras dgas, amitom
mas wriuli koSkis forma aqvs, romelsac mTel sigrZeze
xis aivani gasdevs. igi kargad erwymis Zveli Tbilisis iersaxes da mnaxvelze ganumeorebel STabeWdilebas axdens.
amJamad iq dedaTa fericvalebis monasteria.

18
SabaTi
SATURDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Darejan Palace (Tbilisi)
The cobble-stone palace of Darejan, the wife of King of
Karli-Kakheti Erekle II, “hangs” on a steep cliff. In the XVIII
century on the ruins of an old fortress, Queen Darejan
built a Monastery, and churches dedicated to St. Irakli and
St.Mary. This monastery was refferred to as “sachino” which
translates to visible from every angle. The palace was a
summer residence of Queen Darejan. It was built in 1776.
The main part of the palace stands on the edge of the ravine,
forming a circular tower, the balcony of which runs through
its entire length. It suites well the style of old-Tbilisi, making
an unforgetable impression on its visitors. Today, the place
is known as the Convent of Transfiguration.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

19
kvira
sunday

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

qarTuli mwerloba
qarTulma mwerlobam ganviTarebis xangrZlivi gza
ganvlo. Cvenamde moRweul literaturul ZeglTagan
uZvelesia V saukunis II naxevriT daTariRebuli, iakob
curtavelis hagiografiuli Txzuleba `SuSanikis wameba~,
romelmac safuZveli Cauyara qarTuli mwerlobis
Semdgom uwyvet ganviTarebas. qarTuli literaturis
gvirgvinia SoTa rusTavelis ukvdavi `vefxistyaosani~.
qarTulma mwerlo­
bam umniSvnelovanesi roli Seasrula
erovnuli cnobierebis CamoyalibebaSi da didi wvlili
Seitana sakacobrio kulturis istoriaSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Georgian world of letters
The Georgian world of letters has covered a long path
of development. Among the literary monuments which
reached us the oldest is The Passion of Saint Shushanik, a
hagiographic novel by Jacob Tsurtaveli which dates from the
second half of V century. This work has laid the ground for
the further non-stop development of the Georgian literature.
The crown jewel of the Georgian literature is unfading poem
of Shota Rustaveli Vepkhistkaosani (The Knight in the
Panther’s Skin). The Georgian world of letters has played a
crucial role in shaping up nation’s way of life and has made
great contribution to the world cultural heritage.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mixai ziCi
1888 wels qarTvel mecnierTa da sazogado moRvaweTa
erTi jgufis iniciativiT `vefxistyaosnis~ axali
gamocema momzadda, romelic daafinansa mecenatma giorgi
qarTveliSvilma. wignisTvis Zvirfasi qaRaldi da Srifti
SeukveTes. es gamocema qarTveliSvilis saxeliTaa cnobili.
wignis dasasuraTeblad mowveul iqna cnobili ungreli
mxatvari mixai ziCi. `vefxistyaosnisTvis~ man Seqmna 34
suraTi, saidanac 27 SeirCa. mxatvarma Tavisi naxatebi
usasyidlod gadasca qarTvel ers da es ilustraciebi
daculia saqarTvelos xelovnebis muzeumSi. ziCs poemis
personaJTa portretebis Sesaqmnelad imdroindeli
qarTveli aristokratiis warmomadgenlebi poziorobdnen
Mihály Zichy
In 1888 at the initiative of a group of Georgian scholars and
public activists, a new edition of Vepkhistkaosani (The Knight
in the Panther’s Skin) was prepared. The publication was
financed by the sponsor, Giorgi Kartvelishvili. High-quality
paper and typeface were ordered for the book. To make
paintings for this edition which is known under the name of
Kartvelishvili was invited Mihály Zichy, a famous Hungarian
artist. He painted 34 pictures for Vepkhistkaosani from which
27 were chosen. The artist has bestowed his paintings free
to the Georgian people. Today these works of art are under
custody of the Georgian Art Museum. To create portraits of
the poem’s characters, the members of the then Georgian
aristocracy sat for Zichy.

20
orSabaTi
MONDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

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2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

21

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

baTumi
saqarTvelos sazRvao WiSkari -_ baTumi dRes Cveni qveynis
ara marto ulamazesi qalaqi, aramed mniSvnelovani
samrewvelo, kulturuli da turistuli centria.
baTumi aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis dedaqalaqia.
baTumi mdebareobs Rrma da bunebrivad daculi yuris
napiras, kaxabris vakis CrdiloeT nawilSi. bolo wlebSi
galamazda qalaqis bevri ubani, aSenda axali operis
Teatri, ganaxlda delfinariumi, 1,5 km-iT gaizarda
bulvari (7 km). baTumi dRes saqarTvelos erT-erTi
yvelze popularuli turistuli qalaqia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Batumi
The sea gates of Georgia – city of Batumi is not only the
most beatuful city of our nation but also an important
industrial, cultural and tourist center. Batumi is the capital
of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara. Batumi is located on
the coastline of a deep and naturally defended bay, in the
northern part of Kakhabris valley. During the recent years
many neighborhoods of the city were renovated. A new
Opera House was built and dolphinarium’s activity resumed,
the length of the boulvard was risen by 1,5 km (total 7 km).
Batumi today is one of the most popular tourist drawcards
of Georgia.

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15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mataTas saflavi gonios cixesimagreSi
saqarTveloSi I saukuneSi qristes rjulis saqada­
ge­
blad ieso qristes pirveli mociqulebi _ _ andria
pirvelwodebuli, svimon kananeli da mataTa Semo­
brZan­
dnen. mataTa mociquls qristes rjuli uqadagia
kolxeTSi. gadmocemis Tanaxmad, iqve gardacvlila
da gonios cixesimagreSi daukrZalavT. wmida mataTa
gamosaxulia saqarTvelos eklesiis didebis xatze, wm.
andria pirvelwodebulTan erTad.

22

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

St. Matthias grave at Gonio Fortress
In the I century the first apostoles of Jesus – Andrew the
First-Called, Simon the Zealot and Matthias arrived in
Georgia to preach the faith of Christ. Apostle Matthias made
his quest for the faith of Christ in Kolkheti. The accounts
have reference that he passed away there and was laid to
rest at Gonio Fortress. St. Matthias is depicted on the Icon
of Grandeur of the Georgian Orthodox Church together with
St. Andrew the First-Called.

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14.00.

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

23

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

gonios cixe (xelvaCauris raioni)
gonio, rogorc cixe-qalaqi, ukve Cv. w. I saukuneSi moixse­
nieba, igi berZnul da romaul wyaroebSi afsarosad iwodeba.
am periodisTvis afsarosi ukve didi cixesimagre iyo da
aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTis mniSvnelovan strategiul,
politikur da kulturul centrs warmoadgenda. gonios
ramdenime rigad gars ertymoda galavani, aq idga 5
kohorta; qalaqs hqonda Teatri, ipodromi da sxva
kulturuli kerebi. cixis teritoriaze gamovlenilia
mravali saintereso arqeologiuri masala, mikvleulia
wyalsadenis sistema, abano, qviT mokirwyluli quCebi da
sxva. afsaros-gonio kolxeTis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi
saqalaqo centri iyo.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Gonio Fortress (Khelvachauri District)

14.00.

The oldest reference to Gonio as a fortress town dates
to I century BC. In Greek and Roman chronicles it was
designated Aphsaros. At this point Aphsaros was already a
big fortress and an important strategic, political and cultural
center. Gonio had several rows of fences where 5 cohorts
of troops had their station. The fortress town had a theatre,
a hippodrome and other cultural facilities. Many interesting
archeological artifacts and sewarage system, baths, streets
paved with cobblestone have been discovered on the
territory of the fortress. Gonio-Aphsaros was one of the
most important towns in ancient Colchis.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mtiralas erovnuli parki
mtiralas erovnuli parki aWaraSi, Sav zRvasa da aWaris
mTaTa sistemas Soris mdebareobs. aqauri mTebi zRvis
tenian haers akavebs da aWaris uaRresad teniani havis
ganmapirobebelia. magram TviT naleqebiT uxv aWaraSi
mtiralas mTa, romlis simaRle zRvis donidan 1381 metria,
yvelaze naleqiani adgilia. mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi aq
4520 mm-mde naleqi modis, rac mtiralas ara marto
aWaris aramed saqarTvelos yvelaze tenian adgilad
aqcevs. mdidari da mravalferovania mtiralas flora da
fauna. aq gavrcelebulia aWara-lazeTis iSviaTi, endemuri
saxeobebi.

24
paraskevi
FRIDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Mtirala National Park
Mtirala National Park is located between the Black Sea and
Achara mountain system.These mountains intercept the
humid air from the Black sea and determine Achara’s very
humid climate.Generally, Achara is rich in atmospheric
presipitation but the Mount Mtirala,height of which is 1381 m
above the sea level is the most abundant with precipitation.
Annual precipitation reaches to 4520mm here,due to which
the Mount Mtirala is considered as one of the humid sites
not only in Achara but in Georgia as well. The flora and fauna
of Mtirala is rich and diverse.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

25
SabaTi
SATURDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

SoTa rusTaveli
SoTa rusTaveli XII-XIII saukuneebis poeti, saxelmwifo
moRvawe, `vefxistyaosnis~ avtori, Sua saukuneebis
msoflio literaturis erT-erTi uniSvnelovanesi
warmomadgeneli. `vefxistyaosani~ qarTuli kulturisa
da mwerlobis mwvervalia. mis Sesaxeb biografiuli
cnobebi ar mogvepoveba. viciT, rom Tamar mefis epoqaSi
cxovrobda (XII-XIII ss). savaraudod, mesxeTis an hereTis
rusTavidan unda yofiliyo, razec migvaniSnebs misi
saxeli. arsebobs mosazreba, rom SoTa rusTavelma
sicocxlis bolo wlebi ierusalimis jvris monasterSi
gaatara da iqvea dakrZaluli. jvris monastris mTavar
taZarSi SemorCenilia misi erTaderTi freska, xolo
monastris wignSi mosaxsenieblad Setanilia misi saxeli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Shota Rustaveli
15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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Shota Rustaveli was a poet of XII-XIII centuries, a statesman,
author of Vepkhistkaosani (The Knight in the Panther’s
Skin). One of the most important representatives of the
world literature in Middle Ages. Vepkhistkaosani is the apex
of Georgian culture and world of letters. Little, if anything,
is known about his biographic details from contemporary
sources. We do know that he lived in the era of Queen
Tamar (XII-XIII cc). Allegedly, he should have hailed from
Meskheti or Hereti village of Rustavi wherefrom his name
may have originated. It is assumed that Shota Rustaveli
retired at Jerusalem Monastery and spent his last years
there. According to this assumption, he was laid to rest in
Jerusalem. In the main church of the Monastery of Holy
Cross his single fresco is preserved, and in the book of the
monastery his name has been entered for remembrance.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

SoTa rusTavelis freska
ierusalimis jvris monasters umniSvnelovanesi adgili
uWiravs saqarTvelos istoriaSi. magram is faqti, rom
qarTvelTa udidesi poetis cxovrebac mas ukavSirdeba,
mis mimarT meti siTboTi gangvawyobs. monasterSi Sesuli
TiToeuli qarTvelis mzera gansakuTrebuli yuradRebiT
Cerdeba erT-erT svetze SemorCenil poetis ferad
freskul gamosaxulebasa da dro-Jams gadarCenil qarTul
warweraze: `amisa damxatavsa SoTas Seundves RmerTman,
amin~. qvemoT ki `rusTveli~. am freskis arsebobis Sesaxeb
pirveli cnobebi ekuTvnis cnobil qarTvel mogzaursa
da siZvelTa moyvaruls timoTe gabaSvils (1755-1759ww.).
rusTaveli gamosaxulia maqsime aRmsarebelisa da ioane
damaskelis winaSe, mlocvelis pozaSi daCoqili.

26
kvira
sunday

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Shota Rustaveli fresco
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gaicani saqar

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The Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem occupies an
outstanding place in Georgian history. But the fact that life
of the greatest Georgian poet is linked with the Monastery
makes it something special for our bosoms. The directed
gaze of every Georgian who enters the Monastery is aimed
at the colored fresco image of the poet preserved on one
of the columns of the Monastery and the inscription under
it which survived through rambunctious time: ‘Painter gives
blessings of the God to Shota, Amen’, and lower: ‘Rustveli’.
The first accounts on the existence of this fresco were
disclosed by a noted Georgian traveller and antiques buff,
Timote Gabashvili (1755-1759). Rustaveli’s image shows
him kneeling and praying before Maximus the Confessor
and John of Damascus.

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2012

27

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

lamaria
lamarias (RvTismSoblis) kompleqsi mdebareobs uSuglis
Temis sofel JibianTan. aRmosavleT fasadze TaRebis
impostebi da karnizi ornamentiTaa Semkuli. eklesiaze
aris mravali warwera _ grafitebi, mlocvelTa mier
Sesrulebuli Sewyalebis teqstebi, romlebic XI-XVIII
saukuneebs ganekuTvneba. SigniT kedlebi dafarulia
ramdenime fenis mxatvrobiT (X-_XIII ss.); kankelis
moxatuloba X saukunisaa, xolo afsidSi warmodgenili
`vedreba~ XIII saukunes ganekuTvneba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Lamaria

13.00.

The Church of the Mother of God (in Svan: Lamaria) is
situated in the Ushguli community’s village of Zhibiani. The
eastern façade’s imposts and cornice are richly decorated.
On the wall are many inscriptions-graphites, prayers mercy
texts which belong to the XI-XVIII centuries. The walls inside
are covered with several layers of paintings(X-XIII cc) which
are an outstanding example of Renaissance painting in
Georgia.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mariamoba
marTlmadidebluri eklesia RvTismSoblis dResaswauls
samjer aRniSnavs _ yovladwmida mariamis Sobas (21
seqtemberi), taZrad miyvanebas (4 dekemberi) da miZinebas
(28 agvisto). 28 agvistos moixsenieba RvTismSoblis
gardacvaleba (miZineba), rodesac qristem misi suli
zecad aRiyvana.
Mariamoba
The Georgian Orthodox Church observes the feast of Virgin
Mary (Mariamoba) three times – the day of the birth of
Holy Virgin Mary (September 21), the day of advent to the
temple (December 4) and the day of Assumption (August
28). On August 28 is observed the passing of Virgin Mary
(Assumption) when Christ elevated her spirit to the Heavens.

28
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
nana aRapiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY NANA AGAPISHVILI

29

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

kvirikesa da ivlitas saxelobis taZari kalaSi
mestiis rainSi, sofel xesTan (kalas Temi), mTis wverze
mdebareobs svaneTis upirvelesi salocavi lagurka -_ wm.
kvirikesa da ivlitas monasteri. eklesiis mxatvroba erTerTi unikaluria Sua saukuneebis qarTul monumentur
ferweraSi; 1112 wels igi Sesrulebulia mefis mxatvris
Tevdores mier. aq gamosaxulia ramdenime scena `sauflo
dResaswaulidan~, aris wm. kvirikesa da wm. ivlitas
gamosaxulebebi. eklesiaSi inaxeba brwyinvale ostatobiT
Sesrulebuli XI-XII saukuneebis ramdenime aTeuli xati.
kankelis win dgas didi sakurTxevliswina jvari.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Lagurka
In the Mestia district, near the hamlet of Khesi (community
of Kala), on the top of the mountain, is located the most
important house of worship in the region of Svaneti –
Monastety of St. Kvirike and St. Ivlita. The frescoes of the
church are one of the unique in the Middle Age Georgian
ecclesiastical monumental painting; they are made by
the royal artist, Tevdore, in 1112. Several scenes from
Ecclesiastical Holidays are depicted as well as images of
St. Kvirike and St. Ivlita. Several dozens of icons made with
brilliance dating from XI-XII centuries are preserved in the
church. By the iconostasis stands a big cross in front of the
altar.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

suramis cixe (xaSuris raioni)
suramis cixes saqarTvelos ori mTavari gzis Sesayarze
strategiulad xelsayreli adgili ekava. agebuli unda
iyos XII-XIII saukuneebSi, roca suramelTa saerisTavo
Seiqmna. cixe istoriul wyaroebSi erT-erT mniSvnelovan
da uZlieres simagred moixsenieba. igi ramdenjermea
SekeTebul-gamagrebuli; Sedgeba zeda da qveda nawile­
bisagan; zeda cixe gamagrebulia galavniTa da piramiduli
koSkiT, qveda cixe ufro fragmentuladaa SemorCenili.
aq dgas wminda giorgis saxelobis eklesia (XI-XII ss), mis
kedlebze feodaluri xanis moxatulobis dazianebuli
fragmentebia. uxsovari droidan suramis cixeze arsebobs
legenda, TiTqos misi uZlevelobis mizezi is aris, rom
cixis kedlebSi dediserTa vaJia cocxlad Cakiruli.

30

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Surami Fortress (Khashuri district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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GE T T

Surami fortress is situated at the strategically convenient
place of major roads junction. The exact date when the
Surami fortress was build remains obscure.Its earliest
structures possibly date to the XII-XIII centuries,when
the Suramelta Kingdom was established.In the historical
sources the fortress was mentioned as the most important
and strongest fortress.It was repaired several times.The
fortress consists of 2 parts ; the upper and lower ones.The
upper fortress is strengthened by wall and pyramidal tower.
The lower part survived just fragmentary.Here stands a
St.George Church (XI-XII centuries).On its walls can be seen
the feudal era damaged murals. From immemorial time
there is a legend about Surami Fortress,that the reason of
the fortress being so strong is, that in its wall the only son is
buried alive.

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K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

31

paraskevi
FRIDAY

agvisto/AUGUST
09.00.

mSrali xidi TbilisSi
mSrali xidi, yofili mixeilis mcire xidi, agebulia 184951 wlebSi. xidis proeqtis avtori da mTavari inJineri
ruseTis imperiaSi moRvawe italieli arqiteqtori
jovani skudieri iyo. samwuxarod, man ver daasrula
xidis mSenebloba, igi ganagrZo arqiteqtorma mliksma.
xidis qveS adre mtkvris erTi toti miedineboda. droTa
ganmavlobaSi mdinare mtkvris es midamoebi daSra; xidi ki
darCa, amitom xids `mSrali xidi~ ewoda. dRes es adgili
Tbilisis erT-erTi RirsSesaniSnaobaa, aq xelovnebis
nimuSebs, suvenirebsa da antikvarul nivTebs yidian.
amitom aq uamrav Tbilisels Tu dedaqalaqis stumars
SexvdebiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Dry Bridge in Tbilisi

14.00.

Dry bridge, former Michael’s Small Bridge, was built
in 1849-51. Its designer and chief engineer was Italian
architect Giovanni Scudieri who worked in the Russian
empire. Unfortunately, he could not finish construction of
the Bridge and the work was concluded by architect Mliks.
Under the Bridge once flew a branch of river Mtkvari. In the
course of time these areas of river Mtkvari went dry, but the
Bridge remained, therefore it is called ‘Dry Bridge’. Today
this neighborhood is one of the sights of Tbilisi as well as the
venue where artworks, souvenires and antiques are sold.
That is why one can usually see a lot of Tbilisi residents and
visitors to the capital here.

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

deda ena
qarTuli pedagogikis klasikosma, publicistma, sazogado
moRvawem iakob gogebaSvilma (1840-1912 ww.) Tavisi
moRvaweobiT waruSleli kvali datova TiToeuli
qarTvelis cxovrebaSi. iakob gogebaSvilis `deda ena
anu anbani da pirveli sakiTxavi wigni~ pirvelad 1876
wels gamoica da mas Semdeg aris da darCeba qarTvelTa
uZvirfases sulier saunjed da umTavres wignad. qarTvelma
kacma `deda enas~ Zegli daudga. iakob gogebaSvils ki
saqarTveloSi mxolod saxeliT moixsenieben, rac xalxis
didi siyvarulis niSania.

1

SabaTi
SATURDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Deda Ena
The classical writer and political essayist and public figure
Iakob Gogebashvili (1840-1912) has left indelible trace in life
of every Georgian. His masterly compiled children’s primer
Deda Ena, or Alphabet and the First Reading Book was frst
published in 1876. Since then it is and will always remain the
most precious spiritual treasure and the book number one
for each and every Georgian. The Georgian people have
erected a monument to Deda Ena. As to Iakob Gogebashvili
himself, he is referred to in Georgia only by name that means
the ultimate love of the people.

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2

www.paata.ge

kvira
sunday

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

mamadaviTi (Tbilisi)
mamadaviTis eklesia mTawmindis kalTaze mdebareobs. VI
saukuneSi es adgili samyoflad airCia aTcamet asurel
mamaTagan erT-erTma -_ daviTma. man aq samlocvelo da
senaki aago. igi Semdgom garejis udabnoSi gadavida da
iq Cauyara safuZveli samonastro cxovrebas. platon
ioselianis cnobiT iq, sadac daviTis samlocvelo idga,
IX saukuneSi RvTismSoblis saxelobis eklesia augiaT.
1542 wels aq berad Semdgarma Zmebma gabaSvilebma wmida
daviTis saxelze axali eklesia aages. 1810 w. anton II-m aq
kvlav axali eklesia aaSena. dRevandeli eklesia agebulia
XIX s-is 70-ian wlebSi. marTalia, eklesia arqiteqturulruli TvalsazrisiT ar gamoirCeva, magram misi
mxatv­
mdebareoba mnaxvelze waruSlel STabeWdilebas axdens.
is Zalian moxdeniladaa `Cawerili~ Tbilisis saerToO
landSaftSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

St. David’s Church (Tbilisi)

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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St. David’s Church is located on the Mtatsminda slope. In
the VI century this spot was picked for living by one of the
Thirteen Assyrian Monks, St. David. He built here a chapel
and a cell. Later he moved to Gareji region and set up a
monastic community there. According to the reports of
Platon Ioseliani, on the spot where St. David’s chapel was
situated, in the IX century was built a church of Virgin Mary.
In 1542 brothers Gabashvili consecrated as monks built here
a new St. David’s Church. In 1810 Anton II again built here
a new church. The today’s church was constructed in the
70-ies of XIX century. True, the church does not excel from
architectural and artistic standpoints, however its location
makes indelible impression on visitors. It fits in very well in
the overall landscape of Tbilisi.

eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

darialis xeoba
darialis xeoba saqarTvelos samxedro gzis nawilia. mas
imTaviTve udidesi mniSnveloba hqonda. igi cnobilia
sxvadasxva saxelwodebiT: ovseTis kari, darialani, aragvis
kari; jer kidev Zv. w. I saukuneSi es xeoba erT-erT
mniSvnelovan gzas warmoadgenda. feodaluri saqarTvelos
aRmavlobisa da Zlierebis periodSi (XI-XII ss) darialis
gzis mniSvneloba kidev ufro izrdeba, rac gamowveulia
Crdiloel mezoblebTan urTierTobiT. XIX saukuneSi
rusis jaris mier gayvanili samxedro gza didi xnis
manZilze iyo amierkavkasiisa da ruseTis SemaerTebeli
saSualeba. 2010 wels sazRvris gamSveb punqtTan
safuZveli Caeyara mTavarangelozebis miqaelis da
gabrielis saxelobis samonastro kompleqsis mSeneblobas.

3

orSabaTi
MONDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Darial Gorge
Darial gorge is a part of the Georgian military road. It had
huge importance from the outset. It was referred to under
different names: Ovsetis Kari, Darialani, Aragvis Kari; back
in I century BC this gorge was one of the important roads.
In the period of revival and rising of the feudal Georgia (XIXII centuries) the importance of the Darial road increased
due to the relationships with northern neighbors. The
Georgian military road constructed by the Russian military
in XIX century was the only connection of Russia with
the Transcaucasus. In 2010 near the checkpoint on the
border construction of the monastery complex named after
Archangels Michael and Gabriel was launched.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

4

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

wyaltubo
kurorti wyaltubo mdebareobs dasavleT saqarTveloSi.
saxelwodeba `wyaltubo~ warmodgeba ori qarTuli
sityvisgan `wyali~ da `tubo~, rac `Tbil wylebs~ niSnavs.
xalxuri gadmocemiT, wyaltubos wyaroebis aRmoCenas
miakuTvneben vinme mwyemss, romelic dakargula. mwyemsi
saqonlis saZebnelad Rrmad SeWrila uRran tyeSi, roca
daRlilobis gamo gzis gagrZeleba aRar SeZlebia, iqve
nakadulis piras Camomjdara da gasagrileblad fexebi
wyalSi Cauyvia. mas ugrZvnia, rom wyali Tbilia, xolo
roca gzas gasdgomia, SeuniSnavs, rom tkivilebi saxsrebis
midamoebSi saerTod moxsnia. dRes wyaltubo cnobili
balneologiuri kurirtia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tskaltubo
Spa resort of Tskaltubo is located in Western Georgia. The
name ‘Tskaltubo’ consists of two Georgian words – ‘tskali’
and ‘tubo’ that means ‘warm waters’. As the hearsay goes,
the springs of Tskaltubo were discovered first by a shepherd
who was lost while chasing livestock deep in the dense
forest. He was exhausted and couldn’t continue his chase.
When he sat down on the bank of a rivulet to cool his feet in
it, he felt warm water. Continuing his way, he felt that pains
in his extremities. He spread this news among his neighbors
and soon people from the vicinities have learned about this
miraculous healing water.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

promeTes mRvime
promeTes mRvime mdebareobs kurort wyaltubodan 7
kilometrze. 1984 wels mRvime aRmoaCina speleologTa
jgufma jumber jiSkarianis xelmZRvanelobiT. mRvime
damSvenebulia ulamazesi naRvenTebiT. mRvimis sigrZe 5
km-ze metia, haeris temperatura 13,5-140C. didi xani ar
aris, rac dasrulda mRvimis keTilmowyoba. daigo savali
bilikebi, gakeTda samzeri moednebi, gaiWra satransporto
gvirabi, gafarTovda mRvimesTan misasvleli gza, turiste­
bisaTvis keTilmoewyo mRvimis 1200-metriani monakveTi.
ganaTebis sistema daamontaJes germanelma specialistebma.
imogzaureT promeTes mRvimeSi da datkbebiT yvelaze
saocari ostatis -_ bunebis mier Seqmnili zRapruli
samyaros xilviT.

5

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Cave of Prometheus
Cave of Prometheus is located in 7 km from the resort town
of Tskaltubo. In 1984 the cave was discovered by the group
of speleologists headed by Jumber Jishkariani. The cave is
adorned with magnificent sinters. Length of the cave is more
than 5 km, temperature 13,5-140C. Recently landscaping of
the cave has been completed. Walkways have been paved,
transit tunnel has been constructed and a road to the cave
has been widened. The 1200 m segment of the cave has
been duly arranged for the tourists. The German specialists
have installed illumination system. Travel to the Cave of
Prometheus and enjoy the views of a fabulous world created
by the most marvelous master – the Nature itself.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

6

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

laxti
saqarTveloSi bavSvebs adreuli asakidanve amzadebdnen
meomrebad. sabrZolo xelovnebas aTasgvari varjiSiTa da
TamaSobiT aziarebdnen, rac saxalisos da sainteresos
xdida sabrZolo elementebis aTvisebis process. TiToeul
TamaSs Tavisi, garkveuli mizani hqonda. erTi SexedviT
saxaliso procesi bavSvebs brZolisunarianobasa da
miznisken swrafvas aCvevda. am mxriv erT-erTi yvelaze
TvalsaCino TamaSia `laxtis cema~. TamaSis wesebi Zalian
waagavs cixesimagrisaTvis brZolis scenas. wre aris cixe,
xolo qamrebi ki _ galavani. yvelanairad unda ecado, arc
erTi qamari anu galavani mowinaaRmdeges ar Cauvardes
xelSi da gamarjvebac gardauvalia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Lakhti

14.00.

In Georgia from early age children were brought up for
combat fighting. Trainings in combat arts were held with
the help of zillions of exercises and games that made
up the process of learning combat holds entertaining
and interesting. Every game had its own aim. Generally,
entertaining process gave children the qualities to fight and
necessary drive to achieve coveted goal. With reference
to this one, ‘Lakhti Beating’ is the most noteworthy game.
The rules of this game are very much similar to the scene
of fighting while charging a fortress. The circle symbolizes
a fortress and belts symbolize walls. The goal is to make the
utmost not to cede any belt or wall to a rival and thus to pave
way for victory.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

modinaxe (saCxeris raioni)
modinaxes cixe, romelic CrdiloeTidan dahyurebs saCxeres,
gvianfeodaluri xanis metad saintereso da popularuli
Zeglia. agebulia XVII-XVIII saukuneebis mijnaze, Tavad
papuna wereTlis mier. arsebobs legenda: papuna wereTels
moundomebia didi feodalis, daviT abaSiZis qalis SerTva,
magram feodals uari uTqvams, me mas qals ver mivcem,
sanam cixes ar aaSenebso. papunas augia Zlieri cixesimagre
_ eklesiiT, marniT, damxmare nagebobebiT, gaumagrebia
burjebiT da SeuTvlia abaSiZisaTvis -_ modi, naxe, ra
cixe avageo. aqedan daerqva cixes `modinaxe~, romelic
misi mflobeli wereTlebisaTvis yovelTvis saimedo
TavSesafars warmoadgenda.
Modinakhe (Sachkhere district)
Castle Modinakhe (lit. come and see),which overlooks the
North Sachkhere belongs to the late feudal era and is the
most interesting and popular monument.It was build in XVIIXVIII centuries by Papuna Tsereteli ( Tsereteli –one of the
noble family in Georgia). By the legend –Papuna Tsereteli
loved a daughter of the great feudal David Abashidze. But the
feudal said that he can’t give it her daughter until the fortress
would be built. Papuna built the castle-fortress,church,winecellar,ancillary buildings and call for David Abashidze
“Modinakhe “ (Come and see) what castle I’ve built. The
castle always was a safe shelter for its owner,for the family
of Tsereteli.

7

paraskevi
FRIDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

8

SabaTi
SATURDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

kolxeTis erovnuli parki
kolxeTis erovnuli parki mdebareobs dasavleT
saqaraTveloSi, kolxeTis dablobze. igi moicavs Savi zRvis
aRmosavleT sanapiro zolsa da paliastomis tbis auzs.
parki Seqmnilia kolxeTis saerTaSoriso mniSvnelobis
mqone Warbteniani ekosistemebis dacvisa da gadarCenis
mizniT, rac agreTve ukavSirdeba wylisa da gadamfren
frinvelTa sabinadro garemos SenarCunebas. parkis saerTo
farTobi (saxmeleTo da zRvis akvatoria) 44,3 km2-ia.
kolxeTis erovnuli parkis mSvenebaa paliastomis tba,
romelic ramdenime aTasi wlis win Savi zRvis yure iyo.
tbis farTobia 18 km2, xolo siRrme 3 m-ia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Kolkheti National Park
14.00.

Kolkheti National Park is located in the West of Georgia
upon the lowland of Kolkhi. It covers the Black Sea coast
line and the basin of Paliastomi lake. Park was established
in Colchis Wetlands with International Importance to serve
the purpose of protection of ecosystem and biodiversity.
Also the protection of migratory birds to maintain their living
environment. Park’s total area (land and water) is 44,3 km2
Kolkheti National Park stands out with the beauty of lake
Paliastomi, which was the gulf of the black sea several
thousand years ago. The surface of the lake is 18 sq.kms
and the depth of 3 meters.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

festivali `Cveneburebi~
saerTaSoriso festivali `Cveneburebi~ 2004 wlis
18 oqtombers uwmidesma da unetaresma, sruliad
saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma ilia II-m akurTxa.
festivalis daarsebis Semdeg sityva `Cveneburma~ sul sxva
mniSvneloba miiRo _ is erTgvarad qarTvelobis sinonimi
gaxda. festivalma saSualeba misca ucxoeTSi moRvawe
qarTvelebs saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi dakarguli kavSirebi
aRedginaT. festivalis mizania qarTuli kulturis
popularizacia. festivali ramdenime dRes grZeldeba da
masSi monawileoben saqarTveloSi da mis farglebs gareT
moRvawe qarTvelebi.

9

kvira
sunday

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Chveneburebi
International Festival ‘Chveneburebi’ was consecrated
by His Holiness and Beatitude, Catholicos-Patriarch of all
Georgia, Ilia II. After foundation of the Festival the word
‘Chveneburi’ (“of us”) got quite different meaning becoming
the synonym of being Georgian. The Festival enabled the
Georgians living in diasporas to restore human links lost
many centuries ago. The goal of the Festival is dissemination
of the Georgian culture. The Festival continues several days
and its participants are Georgians living within and without
the nation.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
laSa zarginavas foto
PHOTO BY LASHA ZARGINAVA

10

orSabaTi
MONDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

paliastomis tba (samegrelo)
odiS-guriis dablobze, qalaq foTTan, zRvis donidan 0,3
metriT dabla paliastomis tba mdebareobs. sazrdoobs
wvimis wyliTa da SenakadebiT. tbas erTvis mdinare
fiCori. gamoedineba mdinare kaparWina. tba Sedis kolxeTis
erovnuli parkis SemadgenlobaSi. am tbis unikaluroba
isaa, rom 1924 wlamde, vidre mas Sav zRvasTan xelovnuri
arxiT daakavSirebdnen, masSi mtknari wyali iyo. iSviaTia,
zRvasTan axlos mtknari wylis esoden didi tba iyos.
didi Relvebis Sedegad, arxi gafarTovda da dRes tba
zRvas didi srutiT uakavSirdeba, Sesabamisad, wyalic
mlaSea. kolxeTis erovnuli parki turistebs sTavazobs
sanaosno marSrutebs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Paliastomi Lake (Samegrelo Region)

14.00.

The Paliastomi Lake is located in Odishi-Guria valley,10 km
south east of Poti City,at a sea level between 0.3 and 2 m.
The lake is fed by precipitation and numerous tributaries,
most of fresh water supplied by river Pichori from the East.
Lake is the focal part of the ecologically important Kolkheti
National Park.Before 1924 year it was a freshwater lake.
Later by sudden raising of the water level in the lake was cut
dune between the river and the sea,hence there appeared a
wide channel ,with help of which the lake connected to the
sea.As a result,the water saltiness increased. The tourists
are offered a shipping route

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

velo
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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

angelozis tba
zemo svaneTSi, mestiidan 5 kilometrSi, zRvis
donidan 2400-2500 metrze, qoruldas tbebamde
aris patara tba, romelsac angelozis tbas eZaxian.
tbas saqarTvelos rukis forma aqvs. turistebi aq
fexiT adian. qoruldas tbebi ki zRvis donidan 2700
metrzea. angelozis tba, adrian gazafxulze wyaluxvia,
Semodgomaze ki wylis done mcirdeba. saocrad lamazia
qoruldas tbebSi areklili kavkasionis mTaTa sistema.

11

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Lake of Angel
In Upper Svaneti, 5 km from Mestia, on the altitude of
2400-2500 meters above sea level, before one can reach
Korulda lakes there is a small lake dubbed Lake of Angel.
This lake has the form of a map of Georgia. Tourists come
here hiking. Korulda lakes are located on the altitude of 2700
meters above sea level. In early spring Lake of Angel is full of
excessive water, in autumn the volume of water decreases.
The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range at the backdrop of
Korulda lakes makes a gorgeous scenery.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

12

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

saguramo (mcxeTis raioni)
istoriuli sofeli saguramo mdebareobs mcxeTidan 10
km-Si. saguramoSi daibada didi qarTveli poeti daviT
guramiSvili. aqvea ilia WavWavaZis saxl-muzeumi, romelic
agebulia 1894 wels. iliam 1863 wels iqorwina olRa
guramiSvilze, romelsac memkvidreobiT ergo saguramo.
iliam aq aago samsarTuliani saxli, romelic SemdgomSi
saqarTvelos literaturuli da sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis
mZlavr keras warmoadgenda. qarTveli mwerlebis garda, aq
ikribebodnen ucxoelebic: literatori artur laisti,
`vefxistyaosnis~ inglisur enaze mTargmneli, mwerali
qali marjori uordropi da sxva. iliam saguramoSi
Seqmna Tavisi mravali literaturuli Tu publicisturi
nawarmoebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Saguramo (Mtskheta district)
The historical hamlet of Saguramo is located in 10 km from
Mtskheta. Great Georgian poet, David Guramishvili, was
born in Saguramo. Near the hamlet there is a family museum
of Ilia Chavchavadze which was built in 1894. In 1863 Ilia
married Olga Guramishvili who inherited Saguramo. Ilia
constructed here three-story house which became later a
mighty hotbed of literary and social life in Georgia. Other
than Georgian men of letters, foreigners also gathered
here, such as Arthur Leist, translator of the ‘Knight in the
Panther’s Skin’ in English, writer Marjory Wardrop, and
others. In Saguramo Ilia wrote many of his literary works and
political essays.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

Sovi (onis raioni)
Sovi mdebareobs zemo raWaSi, md. WanWaxis xeobaSi;
zRvis donidan 1520 metr simaRleze arsebul tafobze.
igi maRali mTebiTa da Tovliani myinvarebiT aris
garSemortymuli. Sovi raWis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi
klimatur-balneologiuri kurortia. mTis hava, buneba
da mineraluri wylebi araerTi daavadebis samkurnalo
da profilaqtikuri saSualebaa. kurortis teritoriaze
15-mde mineraluri wyalia aRmoCenili. TiToeuli
maTgani erTmaneTisgan SemadgenlobiT gansxvavdeba. SovSi
sakurorto sezoni ivnisidan oqtombramde grZeldeba. aq
aris dasasvenebeli saxlebi, pansionatebi, kerZo saojaxo
sastumroebi.
Shovi (Oni district)
Shovi is located in Upper Racha, in the gorge of river
Chanchakhi, on the hollow plain 1520 meters above the sea
level. It is encircled by high mountains and glaciers. Shovi is
one of the most important spa resorts in Racha. The climate
of mountains, scenery and mineral waters are the means of
curing numerous ailments and preventing many diseases.
About 15 mineral water springs have been discovered on the
spa territory. All of them vary from each other by ingredients.
The holiday season in Shovi lasts from June to October.
There are holiday houses, guest houses, private family
hotels in Shovi welcoming tourists.

13

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

14

paraskevi
FRIDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

kavkasiuri nagazi
kavkasiuri nagazi mTel msoflioSi cnobilia, rogorc
Zlieri, gamWriaxi gonebisa da gamorCeuli garegnobis
ZaRli. jiSi xelovnurad iqna gamoyvanili saqarTveloSi.
misi damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebia sifxizle: gamaxvilebuli
yuradReba, kargad aqvs ganviTarebuli dacviTi intuicia.
misi balani xSiri da mkvrivia, kudi -_ fafuki, Tvalebi
_ muqi da saSualo zomisa. arseobobs sxvadasxva feris
ZaRlebi. kavkasiuri nagazi Cvens qveyanaSi, ZiriTadad,
maRalmTian regionebSi sacxovrebladaa gamiznuli, radgan
kargad egueba civ klimats. kavkasiuri nagazi yvelaze
xSirad cxvris faris darajia, amitom mas `mecxvaris
ZaRlsac~ uwodeben.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Caucasian Shepherd

14.00.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is known all over the world as
a strong and smart dog having exceptional appearance.
This breed was artificially selected in Georgia. Its typical
characteristics are alertness, care and guarding instincts.
The dog’s coat is thick and dense while tail is soft, eyes
are brown and of medium size. Dogs have different colors.
Caucasian Shepherd Dog in our country primarily is meant
for mountainous regions since it is well suited for cold
climate. Most of all Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are used
for guarding flock of sheep. That is why there is the word
‘shepherd’ in its designation.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daculi teritoriebis saagentos foto
AGENCY OF PROTECTED AREAS

2012

vaSlovanis daculi teritoriebi
vaSlovanis daculi teritoriebi saqarTvelos ukidures
aRmosavleT nawilSi, dedofliswyaros raionSi mdeba­
reobs. igi moicavs: vaSlovanis nakrZals, vaSlovanis
erovnul parksa da bunebis sam Zegls: `arwivis xeobas~,
`taxtiTefas talaxis vulkanebs~ da `jumas yures alaznis
Walebs~; moqceulia kaxeTis or mTavar mdinares _ iorsa
da alazans Soris. saerTo farTobi daaxloebiT 24 924
ha-ia. vaSlo­vanis daculi teritoriebi 2003 wels gaixsna.
2003 wlis bolos vaSlovanSi winaaziuri jiqi, anu
leopardi aRmoaCines. mecnierebma moaxerxes ramdenjerme
fotofirze daefiqsirebinaT es saqarTvelosTvis uni­
kaluri cxoveli. xvad leopards noe Searqves. is axlac
vaSlovanis teritoriaze cxovrobs da erovnuli parkis
simbolod da savizito baraTadaa qceuli.

15
SabaTi
SATURDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Vashlovani Protected Areas
Vashlovani Protected Areas are located in the extreme
eastern part of Georgia,in Dedoplistskaro district. It
consists of Vashlovani Strict Nature Reserve,Vashlovani
National Park and Natural monuments as follows: “Eagle
Gorge”,”Takhtitepa mud volcanoes”, ”Juma Bay Alazani
Floodplains”,total area of which is about 24 924 ha.Vashlovani
protected areas were opened in 2003. Fauna of Vashlovani
is quite diverse and attractive.In late 2003 the leopard has
been discovered.The scientists have managed to shoot
some photos of this unique animal.The male leopard was
named as Noah.He still inhabits the territory of Vashlovani
and is a symbol and visit card of the National Park.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

16
kvira
sunday

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

jvris monasteri
palestina iyo qarTveli xalxis kulturul-SemoqmedebiTi
moRvaweobis umniSvnelovanesi adgili, sadac misma geniam
araerTi mniSvnelovani Zegli datova. am miwaze qarTuli
Zeglebis mSenebloba jer kidev IV-V ssaukuneebSi daiwyo.
saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi palestinis eklesia-monastrebSi
mimdinareobda nayofieri SemoqmedebiTi muSaoba, ismoda
qarTuli ena da sagaloblebi. aq arsebul Zeglebs Soris
gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs ierusalimis jvris monasters.
igi XI saukuneSi auSenebia sabawmindel moRvawes giorgi
proxore SavTels, eqvTime da giorgi mTawmindelebis
iniciativiTa da saqarTvelos mefis bagrat IV-is daxma­
rebiT. taZari imiTac aris mniSvnelovani, rom aq aris
SoTa rusTavelis erTaderTi freska.

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11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Monastery of the Cross
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18.00.

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Palestine was very important land for cultural and creative
activities of the Georgian people where its genius left
numerous important monuments. Construction of Georgian
monuments here started back in the IV-V centuries. For
centuries in the churches and monasteries of Palestine
fruitful creative activities were under way, the Georgian
language was used and religious hymns were sounded out.
Among the monuments existing here standout importance
has the Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem. Allegedly it
was built in XI century by the Georgian religious figure GiorgiProkhore of Shavsheti on the initiative of Ekvtime and Giorgi
Mtatsmindeli, commissioned by the king of Georgia, Bagrat
IV. The Monastery is also noteworthy by the fact that there is
the only surviving fresco of Shota Rustaveli.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

roS a Sana (ebrauli axali weli)
ebraelebi saqarTveloSi 2600 wlis win movidnen da
pirvelad mcxeTaSi dasaxldnen, Semdeg ki saqarTvelos
sxva qalaqebSic gadavidnen. miuxedavad imisa, rom
iudaizmis mimdevrebi iyvnen, maT Seiswavles qarTuli ena
da SeiTvises aqauri adaT-wesebi. saqarTveloSi mcxovreb
ebraelebs qarTvel ebraelebs uwodeben. TbilisSi
ebrauli mosaxleoba odiTganve cxovrobs. XII s-Si. daviT
aRmaSenebelma, maTi sarwmunoebis pativsacemad, ebraelebis
ubanSi Roris kvla akrZala. dRes TbilisSi ramdenime
moqmedi sinagogaa. aseve mniSvnelovania onSi arsebuli
sinagoga. ebraelTa religiur dResaswaulebs Soris erTerTi gamorCeulia roS-haSana -_ ebrauli axali weli.
Sinagogue of the Passover
The Jewish people arrived in Georgia 2600 years ago
and first settled in Mtskheta and later also in other towns
and regions of Georgia. In spite of being the followers of
Judaism, they learned the Georgian language and came to
grips with local rites and traditions. Jews living in Georgia are
called Georgian Jews. They have been living in Tbilisi from
times immemorial. In XII c. David Agmashenebeli banned
slaughtering of pigs as a sign of respect for their faith. There
are several operating sinagogues in Tbilisi. The sinagogue
existing in Oni is also important. Among the Jewish holidays
one of the important is Rosh-Hashanah – Jewish New Year.

17

orSabaTi
MONDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

18

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

Sardenis mogzauroba
ucxoel avtorTa Soris, romlebsac saqarTvelos Sesaxeb
werilobiTi cnobebi moepovebaT, udavod gamorCeuli
adgili ukavia frang mogzaurs Jan Sardens, romelic
1672 wels ewvia saqarTvelos, Tbiliss. Tavis vrcel
TxzulebaSi_ _ `mogzauroba sparseTsa da axlo aRmosav­
leTis sxva qveynebSi~, Sardenma vrclad aRwera imdroinde­
li saqarTvelos politikuri, ekonomikuri, socialuri
da kulturuli viTareba. saqarTvelosadmi interesi,
upirveles yovlisa, imiT aixsneba, rom aq gadioda umniSvne­
lovanesi savaWro gzebi dasavleTsa da aRmosavleTs Soris;
aranaklebi interesis sferos warmoadgenda aRmosavleTis
qristianul qveynebSi kaTolicizmis gavrceleba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Chardin’s Journey

14.00.

Among the foreign authors who had collected written
accounts on Georgia, the Frenchman, Jean Chardin, who
visited Georgia and Tbilisi in 1672, is regarded to be one
of the most outstanding. In his overwhelming work – The
Travels of Sir John Chardin in Persia and the Orient, Chardin
gave a detailed account of political, economic, social and
cultural setting of those days Georgia. Interest for Georgia
was explained first of all thanks to extremely important
trading routes between the West and the East crossing the
nation; no less interest was stirred up by the prospect of
spreading Catholicism in the Christian nations of the East.

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goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

Sardenis quCa TbilisSi
frangi mogzauris, Jan Sardenis saxels atarebs
TbilisSi erT-erTi yvelaze popularuli quCa,
romelic mudmivad savsea qarTveli Tu ucxoeli
stumrebiT. am QquCaze aziuri, evropuli da qarTuli
kulturis erTgvari Serwyma xdeba. lamazi, aivnebiani
Tbilisuri saxlebis qveS aris uamravi kafe da patarpatara maRaziebi. turistebi aqve ecnobian saqarTvelos
kulturas. SeuZliaT SeiZinon qarTuli Teqis, qarTuli
minanqris nimuSebi. mudmivad ismis sasiamovno musika.
Chardin street in Tbilisi
One of the most popular streets in Tbilisi which is always
full of Georgian and foreign guests was named after
French traveler, Jean Chardin. This street is the point of
confluence of Asian, European and Georgian cultures.
Under beautiful Tbilisi houses with woodwork balconies
there are numerous cafes and small boutiques. Tourists
here have a chance of getting acquainted with the
Georgian culture on the spot. They can purchase the items
made of Georgian felt and porcelain enamel. Pleasant
music sounds are always heard here.

19

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

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13.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

20

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

xaxuli
xaxulis taZars TvalsaCino adgili uWiravs qarTuli
xuroTmoZRvrebis istoriaSi. igi mdebareobs TorTumis
xeobaSi (dRevandeli TurqeTis teritoriaze). monastris
teritoria sxvadasxva saxis nagebobebs moicavs. galavnis
SigniT mdebareobs mTavari gumbaTovani eklesia, oTxi
darbazuli taZari, saostigne, satrapezo, agreTve bermonazonTa sacxovreblebi. galavnis gareT kidev ori
eklesiis nangrevebia. xaxulis monasteri agebulia daviT
kurapalatis mier X saukunis II naxevarSi. mTavari taZari
RvTismSoblis saxelobisaa, fasadebi uxvadaa Semkuli
dekoratiuli motivebiT. simboluri mniSvneloba eniWeba
aq gamosaxul reliefur qandakebebs. taZris moxatulobis
fragmentebi XI saukunes ganekuTvneba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Khakhuli
Khakhuli Cathedral is an important monument in the history
of Georgian architecture. It is located in the Tortum gorge
(now on the territory of Turkey). The territory of the monastery
includes various constructions. Within the outer walls there
is a main dome church, four hall churches, refectory, as well
as monk cells. Out of the walls there are also ruins of two
churches. The Khakhuli monastery was constructed under
the auspices of David Kuropalates in the second half of X
century. The main Cathedral was named after Virgin Mary.
Facades are lavishly peppered with decorations. Relief
sculptures depicted here have symbolic importance. Some
fragments of painting in the Cathedral date to XI century.

15.00.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

iveriis RvTismSoblis xati
iveris RvTismSoblis xatis Sesaxeb cnobebi IX saukunidan
mogvepoveba. rodesac xatmebrZoloba mZvinvarebda, erTi
qvrivis saxlSi dabrZanebul xats jalaTma maxvili sca
da maSinve RvTismSoblis saxidan sisxlma ifeTqa. qvrivma
xati zRvasTan miitana da Seacura. xati wyalSi ar CaiZira,
piriqiT, talRebze aRimarTa da dasavleTisken gaswia.
iverTa savanidan berebma SeniSnes cecxlis sveti, romelic
cidan modioda da wyalSi aRmarTul xats ecemoda.
miaxloebisas xati ukan iwevda. beri gabrieli xilvebis
Semdeg miuaxlovda xats da napirze gamoabrZana. xati
mTavar taZarSi SeabrZanes, meore diliT karibWis kedelze
daxvdaT, xati kvlav taZarSi daabrunes, ase ganmeorda
ramdenjerme. ber gabriels kvlav gamoecxada RvTismSobeli
da xatis karibWesTan datoveba sTxova. amitom xats iveriis
karis RvTismSobels uwodeben.
Iverion Icon of the Mother of God

paraskevi
FRIDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

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12.00.

13.00.

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Accounts on the Icon of Virgin Mary have been piling on since
IX century when iconoclasm was raging. The Icon placed in
the house of one widow was stabbed by a soldier, and blood
miraculously flowed out of its face. A widow took the Icon to the
sea and released it into the water. It did not sink into the water
and stood on the waves looking to the West. Monks from Iveron
monastery noticed the fire column descending from the sky
and touching the Icon erected in the water. On approaching it
the Icon moved back. Having experienced apparitions father
Gabriel approached the Icon and recovered it to the coast.
The Icon was placed within the Main Cathedral. Next day it
appeared to be hanging on the gates. It was returned again to
the Cathedral, but this occurrence happened several times.
Father Gabriel again experienced the apparition of the Icon
which asked to be left hanging on the gates of the Cathedral.
Therefore the Icon is called the ‘Gate-Keeper’ of Iveria.

21

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2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

22
SabaTi
SATURDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

dmanisi
naqalaqari dmanisi mdebareobs mdinareebis _ maSaverasa
da finezauris SesarTavTan arsebul koncxze. mas 13 ha.
farTobi uWiravs. naqalaqaris teritoriaze gamovlinda
nasaxlarebi, zeTsaxdelebi, beReli, marnebi, meCeTisa da
medreses naSTebi. dasavleTiT mdebareobs cixe (citadeli),
abano da sxva nagebobaTa naSTebi. mTavar dominants
warmoadgens VI saukuneSi agebuli didi sameklesiani
bazilika _ sioni; mas XIII s-Si, laSa-giorgis mefobis
xanaSi, dasavleTidan miuSenes mdidrulad morTuli
karibWe. dmanisi, rogorc qalaqi, wyaroebSi IX saukunidan
ixsenieba, ganviTarebis maRal dones ki XII-XIII saukuneebSi
miaRwia. am dros ganviTarda xelosnoba da vaWroba,
moqmedebda zarafxana.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Dmanisi
The ruins of Dmanisi are located on the cape, in confluence
of Mashavera and Pinezauri rivers. It occupies the area of 13
ha. On the territory of the settlement were discovered ruins
of dwellers, oileries, barn, marani (wine cellar), remnants of a
mosque and madrasah. In the west a fortress (citadel), bath
and remnants of other structures are located. The focus of
the interest in Dmanisi goes to a big three-church Basilica
Sioni built in VI century. In XIII century during the reign of
Lasha-Giorgi Basilica was attached with richly ornamented
gates from the western side. The reference of Dmanisi in
chronicles dates from IX century. It attained a high level of
development in XII-XIII cc. Artisanry and commerce evolved
as well as mint court operated in the area.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ubisa
ubisis xuroTmoZRvruli ansambli mdebareobs dasavleT
saqarTveloSi, mdinare Zirulas xeobaSi (istoriuli
argveTis provinciaSi). mTavari nageboba, IX saukunis
erTnaviani darbazuli tipis eklesia, agebulia grigol
xanZTelis mier. interieris metad originaluri da Tavisi
mniSvnelobiT unikaluri mxatvroba Sesrulebulia XIV
saukuneSi, qarTveli mxatvris damianes mier. ansamblSi
gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs agreTve mravalsarTulian
koSks -_ `svets~, romelic, warweris mixedviT, 1141 wels
augia simon Wyondidels, aqve gautarebia mas sicocxlis
ukanaskneli wlebi.

23
kvira
sunday

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Ubisa
Ubisa architectural complex is located in historical province
of Argveti. The main building –IX century church was founded
by a Grigolof Khandzta’s disciple. The monastery houses a
unique cycle of murals from the late XIV century made by
Damiane(a famous Georgian painter of the XIV century).The
distinguished place of the complex occupies a multi-storey
tower,which according to the inscription was built by Giorgi
Chkondideli ( a georgian churchman and court minister)in
1141 year. Here he spent his last years.

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2012

24

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

Cargali
sofeli Cargali istoriuli fSavis erT-erTi ulamazesi
sofelia. igi, upirveles yovlisa, imiT aris cnobili,
rom aq daibada da Tavisi cxovreba gaatara genialurma
qarTvelma poetma vaJa-fSavelam (1861-1915 ww). soflis
centralur nawilSi dgas vaJa-fSavelas saxl-muzeumi,
romelic 1961 wels gaixsna. aq daculia poetis cxovrebisa
da moRvaweobis amsaxveli memorialuri nivTebi. 2011
wels aRiniSna mwerlis dabadebis 150 wlisTavi. `vaJaoba~
yovelwliuri saxalxo dResaswaulia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Chargali

13.00.

The village of Chargali is one of the most beautiful villages
of historic region of Pshavi. It is uppermost known due to
the fact that here was born and spent his life a genius of
the Georgian poetry, Vazha-Pshavela (1861-1915). In the
central part of the village stands Vazha-Pshavela museum
which was opened in 1961. Memorial items connected with
life and work of the poet are preserved here. In 2011 150
anniversary of his birth was celebrated. His annual birthday
commemoration, Vazhaoba, is a popular day of festivities.

14.00.

15.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

aragvispiris saganZuri
aragvispiri erT-erTi cnobili sofelia duSeTis raionSi,
aragvis marjvena napirze. soflis midamoebSi aRmoCnda
namosaxlari da samarovani; aq aRmoCenil Zvirfas masalas
udidesi mniSvneloba hqonda am mxaris istoriuli
cxovrebis warmosaCenad. masala TariRdeba I-IV saukuneebiT.
gamovlenilia sasaxlis tipis nagebobani, marani qvevrebiT;
samarxebSi aRmoCnda vercxlis Tasebi arwivisa da cxenis
gamosaxulebebiT, vercxlis surebi nadirobis scenebiT,
vercxlisa da oqros gemiani beWdebi, oqros medalionebi,
samajurebi, monetebi, minisa da Tixis WurWeli da sxva.

25
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Treasury of Aragvispiri
Aragvispiri is one of the distinguished hamlets in Dusheti
district on the right bank of river Aragvi. Ancient settlement
with graves was unearthed in the vicinities of the hamlet;
precious artefacts found here had enormous importance
for presentation of historical lifestyle in this area. The find
dates to I-IV centuries and includes the ruins of a palace
type construction, marani (wine-cellar) with clay vats... In
graves were found silver cups with images of an eagle and
a horse, silver jugs with images of hunting, gold and silver
engraved rings, gold medallions, bracelets, coins, glass and
clay tableware and other artefacts.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

26

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

qeTevan dedofali
26 seqtembers saqarTveloSi qeTevanobas aRniSnaven da
ukavSireben kaxeTis mefis, Teimuraz I-is dedis saxels.
Teimuraz I-is mefobis pirvel wlebSi kaxeTis samefos,
faqtobrivad qeTevani ganagebda da salxis udidesi
pativiscema daimsaxura. im dros qarTl-kaxeTs, iranis
Sahis, abas I-is saxiT dauZinebeli mteri hyavda. 1614
wlidan qeTevan dedofali SviliSvilebTan erTad
mZevlad imyofeboda iranSi. Sahma dedofals rjulis
Secvla mosTxova, magram verafriT daiTanxma. 1624 wlis
12 seqtembers SirazSi qeTevan dedofali sastikad awames.
eklesiam wamebuli dedofali wmindanad Seracxa. qeTevan
flis mowameobrivma aRsasrulma didi gamoxmaureba
dedo­
hpova mTel qristianul samyaroSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Queen Ketevan
September 26 is the feast-day of Queen Ketevan in Georgia.
She was the mother-queen of the King of Kakheti, Teimuraz
I. In the first years of the reign of Teimuraz I the kingdom
of Kakheti was actually ruled by queen Ketevan who won
greatest admiration of the people. At that time the kingdom
of Kartli-Kakheti had relentless enemy - Shah of Iran’s,
Abbas I. From 1614 queen Ketevan stayed in Iran with her
grandchildren as hostage. Shah demanded that the queen
give up the Christian faith and embrace Islam but to no
avail. On September 12, 1624 queen Ketevan was ruthlessly
tortured in Shiraz. The Georgian Orthodox Church canonized
her as saint. Demise of queen Ketevan as a martyr evoked a
broad response in the Christendom.

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vato surgulaZis foto
PHOTO BY VATO SURGULADZE

2012

soxumi
afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikis dedaqalaqi -_
soxumi mdebareobs mdinareebis -_ gumisTisa da kelasuris
qvemo dinebaTa Soris moqceul dablob vakeze (amJamad
afxazeTis mTeli teritoria okupirebulia ruseTis
mier). igi qalaqad 1848 wels gamocxadda. ZvelberZnul
wyaroebSi moxseniebulia dioskuriad. soxumis midamoebi
qvis xanidan iyo dasaxlebuli, gvian brinjaos xanaSi ki
SavizRvispireTis mniSvnelovani punqti gaxda. mas sxvadasxva
dros sxvadasxva dampyrobeli flobda. XIX s-is 30-iani
wlebidan iwyeba soxumis aRorZineba, is jer navsadguris,
xolo Semdgom qalaqis statuss iRebs. afxazeTis omis
Semdeg (1992-1993 ww.) qalaqma dakarga Tavisi mniSvneloba.
1993 wlis 27 seqtembers, jvarTamaRleba dRes, soxumi
tragikulad daeca.

27

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Sokhumi
15.00.

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18.00.

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The capital of the Autonomous republic of Abkhazia,
Sokhumi, is located on the lowland valley between the
downstream of rivers Gumista and Kelasuri (currently the
whole territory of Abkhazia is occupied by the Russian
military). It was declared a city in 1848. In the ancient
Greek annals the city was called Dioskuria. The environs of
Sokhumi were settled from Stone Age. In the late Bronze
Age it became an important hub on the Black Sea coast. In
different epochs the city was occupied by different invaders.
From 30-ies of XIX century starts revival of Sokhumi. It
gained frist the status of a harbor and then of a city. After
the war in Abkhazia (1992-1993) the city lost its importance.
On September 27, 1993, on the feast of a Rising Cross,
Sokhumi tragically fell to the enemy.

DAYS
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K NOW GEORGIA

2012
sergo sardliSvilis foto
PHOTO BY SERGO SARDLISHVILI

28
paraskevi
FRIDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

alaverdi (axmetis raioni)

14.00.

alaverdis sakaTedro taZari mdebareobs alaznis velze,
sof. alaverdTan. alaverdis monasteri daarsebulia
erT-erTi aTcameti asureli mamis _ ioseb alaverdelis
mier VI saukunis II naxevarSi. dRes arsebuli wm. giorgis
saxelobis taZari aago XI saukuneSi kaxTa mefem kvirikem.
taZari erT-erTi udidesia saqarTveloSi, misi simaRle 56
m-ia. SemorCenilia XI da XV-XVII ss mxatvroba. alaverdi
XI s-dan saepiskoposo centri da eparqiis mRvdelmTavarTa
rezidencia iyo, aseve kaxeTis mefeTa saZvale. taZars
mravaljer Cautarda restavracia. alaverdi mniSvnelovan
sasuliero da saganmanaTleblo keras warmoadgenda.
alaverdis kompleqsSi, mTavari taZris garda, Sedis gviani
Sua saukuneebis samreklo, sazafxulo sasaxle, galavans
gareT mdebare abano da sxva nagebobani.

15.00.

Alaverdi (Akhmeta district)

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11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

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18.00.

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Alaverdi Cathedral is located on Alazani Valley, near the
village of Alaverdi. Alaverdi Monastery was founded by one of
the Thirteen Assyrian Monks – Joseb Alaverdeli in the second
half of the VI century. The St. George Church existing today
was built in XI century by the king of Kakhs (Kakhetians),
Kvirike. The Cathedral is one of the biggest in Georgia. Its
height is 56 meters. The murals of XI and XV-XVII centuries
have been preserved. Starting from XI century Alaverdi has
been episcopal center and the residence of the top clergy of
the Eparchy as well as the final resting place of the Kakheti
royals. Cathedral was restored many times. Alaverdi always
was an important spiritual and educational center. The
complex of Alaverdi apart from the main Cathedral includes
also a belfry dating from later Middle Ages, summer palace,
baths out of the walls and other structures.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

gremi (yvarlis raioni)
qalaqi daarsda 1466 wels da sul 150 weli iarseba, radgan
1616 wels, Sah-abasis laSqrobis Semdeg, misi arseboba
sabolood Sewyda. naqalaqarSi oTxi ubani gamoiyofa: 1.
mTavarangelozTa eklesiis ubani; 2. `sameba~; 3. samefo
ubani da 4. savaWro ubani. es ubnebi moicavs sasaxleebs,
abanoebs, `akademias~, Sadrevnian pavilions, sawnaxelebs,
qarvasla-qulbaqebs, eklesiebs da sxv. naqalaqarSi mTavari
adgili uWiravs mTavarangelozTa eklesias Tavis palatsamreklosTan erTad, romelic 1565 wels kaxeTis mefes
_ levans augia. levan mefis portreti eklesiis modeliT
xelSi sxva saintereso mxatvrobasTan erTad daculia
taZris interierSi.
Gremi (Kvareli district)
The city was founded in 1466 and existed a total of 150
years, and was swept away by the Persian invasion of
Shah Abbas of Iran in 1616.The settlement consist the four
districts: 1) the Archangel Church district 2) Trinity church
3) the Royal district 4) trading district.These districts include
palaces,academy,a fountain pavilion,wine making place
and others. The main place of the settlement belongs to the
Archangel’s Church along with the palace and bell tower.
It was build in 1565 by Levan,King of Kakheti.His portrait
with the church model in hand is on the western wall of the
temple.

29
SabaTi
SATURDAY

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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30

www.paata.ge

kvira
sunday

seqtemberi/SEPTEMBER
09.00.

opera
pirveli saopero Teatris mSeneblobas TbilisSi 1847
wels Caeyara saZirkveli, kavkasiaSi ruseTis mefisnacvlis
graf voroncovis TaosnobiTa da italieli arqiteqtoris
jovani skudieris xelmZRvanelobiT. operis Senoba,
romelic dRevandeli Tavisuflebis moedanze idga, 1874
wels daiwva. 1896 wels damTavrda arqiteqtor Sreteris
mier daproeqtebuli axali Teatris mSenebloba.
mogvianebiT es Senobac daiwva, magram moxerxda misi
pirvandeli saxiT aRdgena da dRes Tbilisis zaqaria
faliaSvilis saxelobis operisa da baletis saxelmwifo
akademiuri Teatria. igi Cveni qveynis kulturuli
cxovrebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi keraa.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Opera House (Tbilisi)

14.00.

The foundation for construction of a first Opera House in
Tbilisi was laid in 1847 on the initiative of the Viceroy of the
Russian emperor, count Vorontsov, headed by an Italian
architect, Giovanni Scudieri. The Opera House which was
erected in today’s Freedom Square, was devastated by fire
in 1874. In 1896 was finished construction of a new building
of the Opera House designed by architect Schreter. Later
this building was also burned but restoration of its initial form
turned out to be possible. Today this building is Zakhary
Paliashvili Tbilisi State Academic Theatre of Opera and
Ballet. It is one of the most important hotbeds of cultural life
in our country.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

2012

paata burWulaZe
saqarTveloSi saopero xelovnebas didi tradiciebi aqvs.
pirveli qarTuli opera, gogniaSvilis `qristine~, 1918
wels Seiqmna. Tumca, erovnuli operis pirvel klasikur
nimuSad iTvleba 1919 wels dadgmuli operebi: d.
arayiSvilis `Tqmuleba SoTa rusTavelze~, z. faliaSvilis
`abesalom da eTeri~, v. doliZis `qeTo da kote~. qarTuli
saopero skolis erT-erTi SesaniSnavi warmomadgenelia
paata burWulaZe. mas miRebuli aqvs araerTi saerTaSoriso
premia da jildo, gamodis msoflios wamyvan saopero
TeatrebSi, eweva saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobas. 2004
wels misi TaosnobiT daarsda saqvelmoqmedo fondi
`iavnana~, romelic exmareba udedmamo da mSoblebis
mzrunvelobamoklebul bavSvebs.

1

orSabaTi
MONDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Paata Burchuladze
The art of opera in Georgia has great traditions. The first
Georgian opera “Christine” by Gogniashvili, was created in
1918. But the first specimens of the national Georgian opera
are considered to be “Story of Shota Rustaveli” by composer
D. Arakishvili, “Abesalom and Eteri” by Z. Paliashvili and
“Keto and Kote” by V. Dolidze. One of the outstanding
representatives of the Georgian opera art is Paata
Burchuladze. He is a winner of many international prizes and
medals. He has engagements with leading Opera Houses
in the world. He is closely involved in charity work. In 2004
at his behest was founded a charity foundation Iavnana
rendering help for children who have no parents and are in
need of fostering.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

qvevri
saqarTveloSi Rvinis Sesanax da dasaRvinebel WurWlad
qvevrs iyeneben. mas Tixisagan amzadeben da miwaSi
dgamen. qvev­
rebi an maranSia moTavsebuli, an Ria cis
qveS. arqeologiuri gaTxrebis dros aRmoCenilia
uZvelesi namarxi qvevrebi; maTgan udidesia aRmosavleT
saqarTveloSi napovni qvevri, romelic 15 tona Rvinos
itevda. im adgilze, sadac qvevris Cadgmas apireben, miwa
unda iyos SavqviSiani, Rvinom gemo da suni rom ar aiRos.
qvevrebs specialurad recxaven da Sig asxamen axlad
dawuruli yurZnis wvens, Semdeg ki Tavs hermetulad
xuraven. qvevridan Rvinos specialuri grZelReroani
WurWliT iRebdnen. saqarTveloSi arsebobs tradicia:
gansakuTrebiT pativsacemi stumrisTvis savse qvevrs xdian
Tavs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Qvevri
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Qvevri (clay vat) was always used as a special vessel for
storing and fermenting wine in Georgia. It is made of clay
and buried in the ground. Several Qvevri are usually either
in Marani (wine cellar) or outdoors. During archeological
excavations were unearthed ancient buried vessels. Among
them the biggest is Qvevri found in eastern Georgia which
could store 15 tons of wine. The spot where vat is intended to
be isntalled, the earth should be rich with humus for the wine
not to attract adverse taste and smell. Qvevri is thoroughly
washed and filled with a slightly fermented grapes juice, then
it is tightly closed. Wine was taken from Qvevri by means of a
special glass with a long pole. There is a tradition in Georgia:
for treating a special guest Qvevri full of wine up to the top is
usually opened.

mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2012

marani
qarTuli marani sameurneo daniSnulebis nagebobaa. masSi
iwureba yurZeni, warmoebs Rvinis dayeneba da Senaxva.
marani an saxlzea midgmuli, an calke nagebobaa. maranSi
Rvinos inaxaven miwaSi Caflul specialur WurWelSi
_ qvevrSi. qvevrs Rvinis Sesanaxad jer kidev Zv.w. I
aTaswleulis I naxevarSi gamoiyenebdnen. marani marto
Rvinis Sesanaxi adgili rodi iyo; igi saxeldaxelo
saqeifo adgils warmoadgenda. sanukvar stumrebs qvevris
Tavs uxdian. es did pativad iTvleba Cvens qveyanaSi. marnis
kars CrdiloeTiT akeTeben, patara fanjrebiT, sicxe da
bevri sinaTle rom ar moxvdes. marnis axlos ar unda iyos
boseli, saRore; maranSi ar unda iyos Senaxuli Zmari,
wnili, kombosto, yveliraTa Rvino ucxo sunma rom ar
gaafuWos.

3

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Marani
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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The Georgian Marani (Wine cellar) is a utility structure. It
is used for crushing grapes and brewing and storing wine.
Marani may be either attached to the house or be built as a
stand-alone construction. Wine is preserved in special big
clay vats – kvevri - buried underground in Marani. Kvevri was
used to preserve wine as early as I half of I millennium BC.
Marani was not only a place where wine was kept; it was a
venue of a spontaneous feast. Dear guests are treated with
opening of a top of kvevri. This was a sign of big respect
to the visitor in our country. The entrance door to Marani
is made on the northern part with small windows to avoid
summer heatwave and too much light. There should be no
cow barn or a pigsty near Marani; it should not be used to
keep vinegar, pickles, cabbage, cheese just to prevent
influence of alien smells on wine.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

4

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

bebris cixe (mcxeTis raioni)
bebris cixe, igive beltis cixe agebulia adrindel
feodalur xanaSi. qarTul saistorio wyaroebSi pirvelad
laSa-giorgis droindel matianeSi ixsenieba, demetre
mefis gardacvalebasTan dakavSirebiT. cixe saintereso
safortifikacio nagebobaa, Sedgeba citadelisa da
qveda ezosgan. bebris cixe strategiulad xelsayrel
adgilas mdebareobda, igi CrdiloeTidan icavda mcxeTis
misadgomebs. cixeSi arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad
aRmoCenili iqna antikuri xanis WurWlisa da kramitis
natexebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bebris Tsikhe (Mtskheta district)
Bebris Tsikhe (Fortress)- Beltis Tsikhe was built in the feudal
era. The first time the fortress is referenced is in the chronicle
of Lasha-giorgi, in relation to the death of King Demetre.
The building is interestingly fortified, consisting of a citadel
and a lower courtyard. The physical location of the fortress
had strategical advantages, protecting Mtskheta’s northern
approaches. As a result of archaeological excavations
ancient tableware and tile pieces were discovered.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

xulutis cixe (TeTriwyaros raioni)
xuluti gviani Sua saukuneebis cixeebs Soris erT-erTi
ulamazesi nagebobaa. misi aSeneba, erTi istoriuli
cnobis mixedviT, XVII saukuneSi unda momxdariyo, yaflan
orbelianis mier. xuluti cixe-darbazs warmoadgens, igi
or monakveTad iyofa, SuaSi ki patara ezoa. kuTxeebSi
sxvadasxva zomis xuTi koSkia Cadgmuli. koSkebi rogorc
sabrZolo, ise sacxovrebeli daniSnulebisaa, SigniT aqvs
buxrebi da niSa-Taroebi. cixeSi aris wyalsacavi auzebi
da sapirfareSoebi. samxreTiT, mdinare xramze Cadis 80mde safexuriani gvirabi. xuluti ramdenjerme ixsenieba
istoriul wyaroebSi, rogorc saimedo cixesimagre.

5

paraskevi
FRIDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Khuluti Castle (Tetritskaro district)
Khuluti Castle is one of the beautiful castles of late Middle
Ages.By some historical sources the Castle was built in the
XVII century by Kaphlan Orbeliani.The castle is divided into
two sections and there is a small yard in the middle part.
There are five different size towers embedded at the corners.
These towers had as a fight so a living function.Inside are a
fireplace and niche-shelves.In the castle are reservoir pools
and toilets.The 80 steps tunnel goes down to the Khrami river
from the South. Khuluti castle is several times mentioned in
historical sources as a very strong fortress.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

6

SabaTi
SATURDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

yvarlis cixe (yvarlis raioni)
kaxeTSi arsebul gviani Sua saukuneebis cixesimagreTa
Soris erT-erTi mTavari adgili uWiravs yvarlis cixes
anu galavans. cixe XVIII saukuneSia agebuli. arsebobs
ramdenime istoriuli cnoba imis Sesaxeb, ramdenad didi
mniSvneloba hqonda cixes lekianobis dros. cixes ori
galavani hqonia da garSemo arxic Semouyveboda. cixis
kuTxeebSi cilindruli koSkebi mdgara, romelTac calcalke Sesasvleli hqonia, kedlebSi saTofurebi iyo
datanebuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Kvareli Fortress (Kvareli district)

13.00.

There are many fortresses in Kakheti and Kvareli fortress
takes a major place among the Middle Ages fortresses.
It belongs to the XVIII century .There is some historical
reference of how much importance has this fortress in tie
of lazgis invasion .The fortress has two fences and the ditch
around it.In the corners of the fortress there are cylindrical
towers which have separate entrance and loopholes inside
the walls.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

2012

winandali (kaxeTi)
winandali sofelia Telavis raionSi, mdebareobs gomboris
qedis Crdilo-aRmosavleTis kalTis ZirSi. winandali
cnobilia gamoCenili qarTveli poetisa da sa­
zogado
moRvawis, qarTuli romantizmis fuZemdeblis, aleqsandre
WavWavaZis saxl-muzeumiTa da ulamazesi dekoratiuli
parkiT. winandlis mamuli poetma memkvidreobiT miiRo
da 1835 wels aq axali sasaxle da parki gaaSena. winandali
mis sicocxleSive iqca qarTuli sazogadoebrivi da
kulturuli cxovrebis centrad. evropul yaidaze
mowyobil sasaxleSi, qarTuli inti­
ligenciis garda, Tavs
iyridnen saqarTveloSi myofi rusi da evropeli moRvaweebi.
maRalmxatvruli osta­to­biTa da daxvewili gemovnebiT
lsaCino adgili ukavia
Seqmnil winandlis parks Tva­
dekoratiuli mebaReobis istoriaSi.

7

kvira
sunday

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tsinandali (Kakheti region)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

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GE T T

Tsinandali is the village in the Telavi district. Located in the
mouth of the north-eastern knee of the Gombori ridge.
Tsinandali is well-known for its museum of Alexander
Chavchavadze, the outstanding Georgian poet and public
figure and the founder of the Georgian romanticism. Its
beautiful decorative garden sprawling on 12 ha is also
very famous. The estate of Tsinandali was transfered to A.
Chavchavadze by inheritance, and in 1835 he built here
a new palace and decorative garden. During his lifetime
the Tsinandali palace became the center of the Georgian
social and cultural life. In the palace arranged in European
style, along with Georgian intellectuals, Russian and
European public figures also used to gather and socialize.
The Tsinandali garden created with high-profile mastership
and exquisite taste holds a prominent stand in the history of
decorative gardening.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Tamar kvirkvelias foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR KVIRKVELIA

8

orSabaTi
MONDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

rTveli
rTveli Semodgomis mSvenebaa, qarTveli kacisTvis
lamis sadResaswaulo ritualia. rTvelisTvis winaswar
emzadebian. wnaven kalaTebs, godrebs, gidels. rTveli
gansakuTrebulad tradiciulia kaxeTSi: venaxis dakrefa,
yurZnis dawurva, TaTaras moduReba, CurCxelebis
amovleba _ yvelaferi erTad lamazi ritualia. rTvelis
damTavrebis da Wirnaxulis dabinavebis Semdeg, kaxeli
glexis ojaxSi ikvleba saklavi. rTveli guriaSic lamazia.
maRlari venaxis mosakrefad iyeneben mogrZo kalaTas _
gidels, romelsac xeze Camosakidad bawars abamen da
kauWian joxze kideben. lamazi sanaxavia, rodesac yurZniT
savse gideli srialiT eSveba totebs Soris.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Rtveli

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

Rtveli is adornment of the fall and for the average Georgian
it is nearly a holiday ritual. People prepare for “rtveli”
beforehand. They wattle different kinds of small and big
baskets (kalata, godori, gideli). “Rtveli” has a special
connotation in Kakheti: picking of grapes, pressing of
grapes, boiling of “tatara” (sweet matter made of boiling
grapes juice and flour) and dousing of churchkhela (threaded
nuts) in tatara – all together is a nice rite. Having finished with
“rtveli” and lodged the harvest, the family of Kakheti farmer
resort to the slaughter of cattle. “Rrtveli” is beautiful also in
the province of Guria. To pick grapes from high-standing
grapes tree, the Gurians use special long baskets – gideli,
which is hanged on a hooked stick with a rope tied to the
tree. It is interesting to watch a gideli full of grapes sliding
down the rope between tree branches.

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

vazi
vanSi, mcxeTaSi, TrialeTSi, bagineTSi, Zegvsa da
saqarTvelos sxva kuTxeebSi arqeologiuri gaTxrebis
dros aRmoCenilia vazis wipwebi, aseve oqros, vercxlis,
brinjaos, Tixis sasmisebi, marnebi, miwaSi Cafluli
qvevrebi da mravali sxva nivTi, rac saqarTveloSi
uZvelesi droidan ganviTarebuli mevenaxeoba-meRvineobis
maRal kulturaze metyvelebs. veluri vazi usurvazi
(krikina) saqarTveloSi uxsovari droidan xarobs, dRes
igi Sesulia `wiTel wignSi~. msoflioSi 4000-mde
vazis jiSia cnobili, aqedan 450 qarTulia. maT Soris
gamoirCeva rqawiTeli, colikauri, saferavi, ojaleSi,
aleqsandrouli, Cxaveri da sxva.
Vine
Archeological excavations in Vani, Mtskheta, Trialeti,
Bagineti, Dzegvi and other venues in Georgia have produced
a lot of finds of vine kernels as well as gold, silver, copper,
clay wine drink vessels, marani (wine cellars), qvevri (clay
vats in the ground) and many other items which provide
evidence that viticulture had a high profile development in
Georgia. The savage specie of grapevine, Usurvazi (Vitis
silvestris) is distributed in Georgia from ancient times. Today
it is included into the Red Book. The world knows about
4000 species of grapevine, among them 450 have Georgian
origin. The following varieties are distinguished among
them: Rkatsiteli, Tsolikauri, Saperavi, Ojaleshi, Alexandrouli,
Chkhaveri and others.

9

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

10

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

legenda mirian mefis gaqristianebis Sesaxeb
legenda gadmogvcems, rom wm. ninos qarTlSi, mcxeTaSi
Semosvlisa da damkvidrebis periodSi dedofali nana
mZime avadmyofobiT iyo Sepyrobili. wm. ninom locviT
gankurna igi, ris Semdegac dedofalma nanam miiRo ninos
rjuli. dedofali mirian mefes sTxovda eRiarebina
qriste RmerTi. magram verafriT daarwmuna igi, vidre
erTxel nadirobisas Tavad mefe ar gaxda ucnauri ambis
momswre: tyeSi marto darCa, irgvliv wyvdiadi gamefda.
sasowarkveTilebaSi myofma mefem warmoTqva: TuU marTla
Zlieria qriste, mixsnas am wyvdiadisgano. amis Tqma
iyo da irgvliv yvelaferi ganaTda. mirian mefem amis
Semdeg irwmuna ninos rjuli da 337 wels qristianoba
saxelmwifo religiad gamoacxada.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Legend
As the legend goes, by the time St. Nino came to Mtskheta,
Kartli, and preached there, queen Nana was seriously ill.
St Nino healed her with prayers after which queen Nana
converted to Nino’s faith. The queen asked the king Mirian
to follow in the footsteps of Nino and acknowledge God –
Christ, but failed to persuade him until once during hunting
the king himself witnessed a miraculous thing: he remained
in forest alone and around him was raging blinding darkness.
And the king who was desperate said: if Christ is really
powerful, let him save me from this darkness. No sooner had
he pronounced these words that everything around him was
in light. After this pagan king Mirian converted to St.Nino’s
faith and declared Christianity an official state religion in 337.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

2012

sawnaxeli
marnis mSvenebaa sawnaxeli, sadac yurZeni fexiT iwureba.
gvxvdeba sami saxeoba: qviTkiriT naSeni, qvaSi gamokveTili
da xis morisgan gaTlili. aRmosavleT saqarTvelos Zvel
nasoflarebSi, navenaxarebSi, taZrebsa da samonastro
kompleqsebSi mravlad SexvdebiT qviTkiris sawnaxelian
marnis naSTebs; mas erT-erTi kedlis ZirSi miaSenebdnen
xolme. qvis sabadoebiT mdidar qarTlsa da imereTSi
ZvelTaganve moikida fexi qvaSi nakveTma sawnaxelma,
cacxvis an wablis morisagan gaTlili sawnaxeli ki mTel
saqarTveloSia gavrcelebuli. qarTl-kaxeTSi mas navs,
imereTsa da guriaSi _ sawnaxels, samegreloSi _ oWinaxs,
raWa-leCxumSi xorgos an xaps uwodeben.
Satsnakheli
The focal point of Marani (wine cellar) is “Satsnakheli”
(a special tub) where grapes is crushed with feet. There
are three types of “Satsnakheli”: made of limestone, cut
in stone and hewed out from tree trunk. In old villages,
vineyards, cathedrals and monastic complexes of Eastern
Georgia there are a lot of finds of Marani with limestone
“Satsnakheli”; it was usually attached to one of the walls.
In rich with stone quarries Kartli and Imereti from antique
times were popular “Satsnakheli” cut from stone, while
“Satsnakheli” hewed out from lime and chestnut trees were
distributed all over Georgia. This special vessel was dubbed
Navi (boat) in Kartli-Kakheti, “Satsnakheli” in Imereti and
Guria, “ochinakhi” in Mengrelia, and “khorgo” or “khapi” in
Racha-Lechkhumi.

11

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

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2012
giorgi gvaramaZis foto
PHOTO BY GEORGE GVARAMADZE

12

paraskevi
FRIDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

wm. ninos eklesia samTavros monastris ezoSi
wm. ninos eklesia dgas mcxeTaSi, samTavros kompleqsSi,
didi taZris aRmosavleTiT. igi mcire zomis gumbaTovani
nagebobaa. am eklesiis adgilas yofila mayvlovani,
sadac mcxeTaSi mosuli nino sami wlis ganmavlobaSi
loculobda. pirveli eklesia mirian mefes aq IV saukuneSi
auSenebia, mas Semdeg igi ramdenjermea gadakeTebuli.
warweraSi moxseniebulia samTavros dedaTa monastris
winamZRvari nino amilaxvari, romelmac eklesia 1879
wels SeakeTa. interierSi daculia mxatvroba _ scenebi
wm. ninos cxovrebidan.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

St. Nino’s Church
St. Nino’s Church stands in the Samtavro complex, to the
east of the Big Church. It is a small-scale dome structure.
By the time when Nino arrived in Mtskheta, on the place of
this church was a blackberry bush where Nino used to pray
during three years. The construction of the first church here
was commissioned by king Mirian in the IV century. After
that it was several times renovated. The legend mentions
the primate of the Samtavro Nunnery, Nino Amilakhvari,
who refurbished the church in 1879. The interior preserved
murals with scenes from St. Nino’s life.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

sveticxoveli (mcxeTis raioni)
sveticxovlis grandiozuli sakaTedro taZari agebulia
1010-29 wlebSi, melqisedek kaTolikosis TaosnobiT,
xuroTmoZRvar arsakiZis mier. taZari saqarTvelos Zveli
dedaqalaqis _ mcxeTis SuagulSi dgas. am adgilas jer
kidev IV saukuneSi mdgara pirveli qarTuli eklesia,
xolo V saukuneSi, vaxtang gorgaslis mier agebulma
bazilikurma eklesiam XI saukunemde iarseba. dRevandeli
taZris fasadebi Semkulia SesaniSnavi reliefebiT da
CuqurTmebiT. interierSi SemorCenilia Zveli mxatvrobis
fragmentebi. taZarSi aris qarTvel mefeTa da didebulTa
saflavebi.

13
SabaTi
SATURDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Svetitskhoveli (Mtskheta district)
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral was built in the 1010-1029
year, under the leadership of Catholicos Melqisedek and
architector Arsukidze. The cathedral stands in the heart
of the ancient capital city Mtskheta. Prior to that, in the IV
century, the very first Georgian church stood in its place.
Nevertheless, the basilica church dating back to the X-th
century, established by the king of Georgia-Vakhtang
Gorgasali, lasted till the XI-th century. Today, facades
of the cathedral are artistically ornamented. The interior
holds fragments of ancient artworks. Svetitskhoveli was the
traditional burial place for the kings of Georgia.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

14
kvira
sunday

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

mcxeTa
mcxeTa Zv. w. IV-III saukuneebSi qarTlis, anu iberiis samefos
dedaqalaqia. gadmocemiT igi dauarsebia farnavazs. qalaqi
ramdenime ubnad iyofoda da yoveli mxridan cixeebiT
iketeboda, romelTa Soris umTavresi adgili armazcixes _
bagineTs ekava. V-VI saukuneebidan, Tbilisis dedaqalaqad
gadaqcevis Semdeg, mcxeTa sataxto qalaqis funqcias
kargavs da VIII saukuneSi, arabTa Semosevebis dros,
sabolood ecema, Tumca didia misi mniSvneloba rogorc
saeklesio-religiuri centrisa. mcxeTis teritoriazea
iseTi mniSvnelovani Zeglebi, rogoricaa jvari (VI-VII ss),
samTavro (XI s), sveticxoveli (IV, V, XI ss), bebris cixe
(adre Sua saukuneebi) da sxv. 14 oqtombers aRiniSneba
mcxeToba da sataxto qalaqSi uamravi stumari iyris Tavs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Mtskheta
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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In IV-III centuries BC Mtskheta was the capital of the kingdom
of Kartli, or Iberia. According to reports it was founded by
king Parnavaz. Town was devided on several neighborhoods.
In every corner the town was closed by means of fortresses
among which the leading role was played by Armaztsikhe
– Bagineti. Starting from V-VI centuries when the capital
was moved to Tbilisi, Mtskheta lost the role of the royal seat
and in VIII century during the invasions of Arabs ultimately
fell to the enemy, however, retaining its pivotal role as an
ecclesiastical center. On the territory of Mtskheta there are
such important monasteries as Jvari (VI-VII cc), Samtavro
(XI c), Svetitskhoveli (IV, V, XI cc), Bebris Tsikhe (early
Middle Ages) and others. Holiday of the city – Mtkhetoba is
celebrated on October 14 during which the town of the royal
seat assembles huge crowds.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mowameTa (tyibulis raioni)
mowameTas monasteri mdebareobs quTaisTan axlos, md.
wyalwiTelas ulamazes xeobaSi, koncxze. kompleqsSi
Sedis gumbaTiani eklesia (ganviTarebuli Sua saukuneebi),
samreklo, galavani da sxva. nagebobani. dasaxeleba
ukavSirdeba mowame Zmebis -_ daviT da konstantine
argveTelebis saxels, romelTa wminda neSti dakrZalulia
eklesiaSi. arabTa batonobis dros, VIII saukuneSi isini
qristesTvis ewamnen.

15

orSabaTi
MONDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Motsameta (Tkibuli district)
Motsameta (Martyrdom) Monastery is located near
Kutaisi,This little monastery has very beautiful views over
the gorge of the river Tskhaltsitela.The complex includes
the domed church(Middle Ages),a chapel,fence and others.
The foundation and erection of Motsameta Monastery is
connected with two brothers David and Konstantine Argveteli
names who sacrificed their lives to Georgia and suffered for
Christ during Arabians domination (VIII century).

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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16

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

dekemberi

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

nekresi (yvarlis raioni)
nekresis xuroTmoZRvruli ansambli erT-erTi uZvelesi
da ulamazesia saqarTveloSi. wyaroebis mixedviT nekresi,
rogorc qalaqi, Cvens welTaRricxvamdea daarsebuli
(monastris qvemoT, velze, aRmoCenilia antikuri qalaqis
nangrevebi, sadac uZvelesi qarTuli warwerebi aRmoCnda).
VI saukuneSi aq moRvaweobda erT-erTi asureli mama -_
abibos nekreseli. kompleqsSi aris IV saukunis saintereso
bazilika; mTavari taZari samnaviani bazilikaa (VI-VII ss),
sadac SemorCenilia XVI saukunis kedlis SesaniSnavi
mxatvroba. nekresSi samonastro cxovreba XIX saukunemde
ar Sewyvetila, mTeli Tavisi arsebobis manZilze igi
mniSvnelovan kulturul da saganmanaTleblo keras war­
mo­adgenda.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Nekresi (Kvareli district)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Nekresi as an architectural ensemble is one of the oldest
and most beautiful place in Georgia. According to sources
Nekresi as a city was established in BC (under the monastery,
down the valley,were discovered the ancient city’s ruins,on
which turned out to be the oldest Georgian inscriptions).
As for the monastic life, it functioned up to XIX century as
an important cultural and religious - educational center. In
second half of VI century Abibos (one of the famous 13 Holy
Syrian fathers) became the head of Nekresi eparchy.The
Nekresi monastery ensemble includes several structures
built in different times.The oldest is a chapel of the small
basilica type built in the IV century. In VI-VII centuries here
was erected the main temple – St.Virgin church of triplebasilica type,which has several inscriptions and wall-painting
of XVI century.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

yinwvisi (qarelis raioni)
yinwvisis XII-XIII saukuneebis komplesSi Sedis wm.
nikolozis saxelo­
bis aguriT naSeni gumbaTiani taZari,
RvTismSoblis eklesia, meore mcire eklesia, galavani da
koSki-samreklo. mTavari taZris fasadebi moklebulia
dekors, magram interieri morTulia am periodis erTerTi unikaluri mxatvrobiT. sxvadasxva scenebTan erTad aq
daculia giorgi III-is, Tamar mefis, laSa giorgis da sxvaTa
qtitoruli portretebi. moxatuloba Sesrulebulia
Tamaris pirveli veziris anton gnolisTavisZis dakveTiT,
romelic gamosaxulia samxreT kedelze. saintereso
mentebia
SemorCenili
agreTve
moxatulobis
frag­
RvTismSoblis eklesiis sakurTxevelSi.
Kintsvisi (Kareli district)
The monastery complex, built in XII-XIII century, consists
of a large inscribed-cross domed brick church dedicated
to St. Nicholas, a chapel dedicate to St. Mary, another
mall chapel, and church bells. The main temple lacks
embellishment, however the interior is decorated in the most
unique fashion for that period. Among many other scenes
the portraits of Giorgi III, Tamara, Lasha Giorgi are depicted
in there. The portraits were painted by the request of Anton
Gnolistavisdze, Tamar’s adviser, which is also depicted
on the the south wall. Moreover, fascinating fragments of
paintings are preserved in the sanctuary of St. Mary’s chapel

17

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

18

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

grigol xanZTeli
grigol xanZTeli iyo mwignobari, moazrovne, saeklesio
moRvawe, tao-klarjeTis saliteraturo skolis fuZemde­
beli. moRvaweobda 759-861 wlebSi. igi iyo warCinebuli
ojaxis Svili, aRzrdili qarTlis erisTavis nerses karze.
VIII saukunis 80-iani wlebis damdegs TanamoazreebTan
erTad samxreT saqarTveloSi, tao-klarjeTSi (dRevandeli
TurqeTis teritoria) safuZveli Cauyara samonastro
cxovrebas. man aaSena oTxi eklesia klarjeTSi (xanZTa,
Satberdi, gunaTli, mere) da erTi saqarTveloSi -_ ubisa.
grigol xanZTelis biografia dawerilia 951 wels
cnobili mwerlis giorgi merCules mier, romelic
xanZTis monastris erT-erTi beri iyo da zedmiwevniT
icoda grigolis cxovreba da moRvaweoba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Grigol Khandzteli
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Grigol Khandzteli _ a polymath, a thinker, an ecclesiastic
figure and the founder of the Tao-Klatjeti school of letters,
Grigol Khandzteli (Gregory of Khandzta) conducted his
activity in 759-861. Born into an illustrious aristocratic family,
he was brought up at the court of the Eristavi (ruler) of Kartli,
Nerse. In the end of 80-ies of VIII century together with his
ecclesiastical brethren he set out to southern Georgia, TaoKlarjeti (currently part of Turkey) where he founded Georgian
monastic communities. He commissioned construction of
four churches in Tao-Klarjeti (Khandzta, Shatberdi, Gunatli,
Mere) and one in Ubisa, Georgia. The life of Grigol Khandzteli
was compiled in the work written by a writer Giorgi Merchule
in 951 who was one of the monks at Khandzta monastery
and knew in details the life and toils of Grigol Khandzteli.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

xanZTa
xanZTa iyo grigol xanZTelis mier klarjeTSi (dRevandeli
TurqeTis teritoria) daarsebuli pirveli eklesia.
xanZTis mTavari taZari aris is axali taZari, romelic
aago erisTavTerisTavma aSot kuxma da daamTavra misma
memkvidrem gurgenma (X s.). taZris arqiteqtori yofila
amona, romelsac gr. xanZTelis cxovrebis aRmweri giorgi
merCule `sibrZniT sruliad maSenebels~ uwodebs. xanZTis
taZari jvar-gumbaTovani nagebobaa, misi proporciebi
gamoirCeva sisworiTa da silamaziT. saerTod, mTeli
nageboba maSindeli samSeneblo xelovnebis maRal dones
adasturebs.

19

paraskevi
FRIDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Khandzta
Khandzta was the first church founded by Grigol Khandzteli
(currently part of Turkey) in the region of Klarjeti. The main
Cathedral of Khandzta was the new cathedral which was built
by Eristavteristavi Ashot Kukh and finished by his successor,
Gurgen (X c.). The architect of the construction was Amona
who is characterized by the author of the Life of Grigol
Khandzteli, Giorgi Merchule, as ’constructed from wisdom’.
The Khandzta Cathedral is a dome-cross construction. Its
proportions are distinguished by subtle and beautiful forms.
Overall, the whole building is an evidence of high level of
construction industry at that time.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
nino qasoSvilis foto
Photo BY NINO QASOSHVILI

20
SabaTi
SATURDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

saRamos tba (samcxe-javaxeTi)
saRamos tba javaxeTSi, walkidan 35 kilometrSi
mdebareobs. tba teqtonikuri warmoSobisaa da aqvs
trapeciis forma. sazrdoobs miwisqveSa, Tovlis da
wvimis wyliT. tbaze gaedineba mdinare faravani. tbasTan
axlos sofeli saRamoa. tba zamTarSi 4-5 TviT iyineba. es
tba cnobilia saukeTeso TevziT. masSi binadrobs murwa,
xramuli, sazani, kalmaxi, da sxv. amboben, Tamar mefe
saRamos tbis kalmaxs miirTmevdao.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Saghamo Lake (Samtskhe-Javakheti Region)
13.00.

The lake is located 35 kilometers away from Tsalka. The
origin of the Lake is tectonic and has a form of trapezoid.
The lake sustains itself through underground waters, snow
and rain.Through the lake the Paravani River flows.Initially
it flows out of the Georgia’s largest lake Paravani. Near the
lake a small village called Sagamo is located. The lake in the
cold and bitter winters freezes for 4-5 months. The lake is
also known with the best species of fish, which are: truce,
khramule, trout and many more. It is known that Queen
Tamar has a strong appetite for the trout of the Saghamo
Lake.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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goga Canadiris foto
Photo BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

borjom-xaragaulis erovnuli parki
borjom-xaragaulis erovnuli parki saerTaSoriso
standartebis Sesabamisi pirveli erovnuli parkia
kavkasiaSi. igi 1995 wels Seiqmna, oficialurad ki
2001 wels gaixsna. farTobis mixedviT is evropis erTerTi yvelaze didi daculi teritoriaa. 2007 wels
borjom-xaragaulis erovnuli parki evropis daculi
teritoriebis qselis PAN-Park-is wevri gaxda, rac
daculi teritoriis umaRles doneze dacvisa da mdgradi
turizmis ganviTarebis garantiaa. parki mdebareobs Toris,
imereTis da samcxis teritoriaze. saerTo farTobi
daaxloebiT 61 235 ha-ia.parki mdidaria floriTa da
fauniT, aq gvxvdeba endemuri da saqarTvelos `wiTel
wignSi~ Setanili da gadaSenebis piras myofi saxeobebi.

21
kvira
sunday

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
The park is the first National Park in Caucasus that meets the
international standards. It was established in 1995, and was
officially opened in 2001. Territory-wise it’s one of the largest
protected areas in Europe. In 2007 the Borjomi-Khragauli
Park became a member of the PAN Park network,which is a
guarantee of the highest level of protection and sustainable
development of tourism. The park is located in the territory
of Tori, Imereti and Samtskhe. It covers more than 61235
hectares of native forest. It is rich with flora and fauna,
which also is a home to rare species and are included in the
Georgian “Red Book”.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

22
orSabaTi
MONDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

iyalTo
iyalTos ansambli mdebareobs Telavis raionSi; kompleqsi
aerTianebs feriscvalebis, yovladwmidisa da samebis
eklesiebs, satrapezos, akademias, marans da sxva sameurneo
Senobebs. yvelaze Zvelia samebis eklesia (VI s), romlis
aSeneba erT-erTi aTcameti asureli mamis _ zenonis
saxels ukavSirdeba. mTavari, `RvTaebis~ taZari VIII-IX
saukuneebSia agebuli da X-XI saukuneebSi gadakeTebuli.
kompleqsSi gamoirCeva orsarTuliani Senoba (VIII-IX ss),
romelic mogvianebiT akademiad gadaukeTebiaT. iyalTos
akademia mniSvnelovan kulturul-saganmanaTleblo keras
warmoadgenda. gadmocemiT, aq swavlobda genialuri
qarTveli poeti SoTa rusTaveli. iyalToSi cxovrobda
da moRvaweobda agreTve gamoCenili filosofosi arsen
iyalToeli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ikalto
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Ikalto compound is located in Telavi district; the complex
unites churches of Transfiguration, Virgin and Trinity,
refectory, Academy, wine cellar and other utility structures.
The oldest of them is Trinity church (VI c) construction
of which is linked to one of the ‘Thirteen Syrian Fathers’
– Zenon. The main cathedral, that of Deity, was erected
in VIII-IX centuries and remade in X-XI centuries. A twostorey building (VIII-IX cc) in the complex, later rearranged
into an Academy attracts attention. Ikalto Academy was an
important cultural and educational hub. As per chronicles,
here studied Georgian poet of genius, Shota Rustaveli.
In Ikalto lived and carried his undertaking also formidable
philosopher, Arsen Ikaltoeli.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

lurji monasteri
lurji monasteri TbilisSi, veris baRSi mdebareobs.
man saxeli lurji gumbaTis gamo miiRo. taZris samxreT
karibWis Tavze arsebuli warweridan irkveva, rom
mSeneblobis moTave qarTlis mTavarepiskoposi basili
yofila. taZari agebulia andria mociqulis saxelze
da Tamaris epoqas ganekuTvneba. droTa ganmavlobaSi ta­
Zari araerTxel daangries da gadaakeTes. misi aRdgenac,
samwuxarod, xSirad arasworad xdeboda. XVI-XVII
saukuneebSi dangreuli taZari ugumbaTod aRadgines,
Tumca gegma ucvle­
li datoves. 1872 wels arqiteqtor
CiJovis proeqtiT taZars ucxo, rusuli `mrgvali~ gumbaTi
saT­
vis es gumbaTi Secvlilia tradiciuli
daadges. dRei­
qarTuli gumbaTiT.

23
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Blue Monastery
The Blue Monastery is located in the Vere park of Tbilisi. It
got its name from blue dome. From the inscription on the
head of southern gates of the Monastery it is clear that its
construction was commissioned by the Archbishop of Kartli,
Basil. Cathedral was built in the name of St. Andrew and
dates to Queen Tamar’s era. In the course of its existence
Cathedral underwent destruction and remaking many times.
Unfortunately, its restoration often breached traditions.
Cathedral was destroyed in XVI-XVII cc. Restored domeless
without changing its layout. In 1872 under supervision
of architect Chizhov the cathedral was topped by ‘alien’,
Russian-style round dome. Today we see traditional
Georgian dome which has replaced the old one.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

24

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

kinto
kinto Tbilisis quCebis erT-erTi kolorituli figura
iyo, romelic XX saukunis 30-ian wlebamde arsebobda. is
Tavze Semodgmul Tabaxze gawyobil xilsa da bostneuls
gasayidad daatarebda. kinto moswrebuli sityva-pasuxiTa
da Taviseburi CacmulobiT gamoirCeoda. kintoebis kasta
Sua saukuneebis iranSi Camoyalibda da or ZiriTad
kategoriad iyofoda: erTni iyvnen xelis biWebi, meoreni
ki _ vaWrebi da aferistebi. kintos saxels ukavSirdeba
qalaquri tipis cekva `kintouri~. mocekvaveTa samosic
kintoebisTvis damaxasiaTebeli iyo -_ Savi atlasis SarvalxalaTi da vercxlis qamarSi gaCrili abreSumis wiTeli
baRdadi (xelsaxoci), romelSic myidvelis mier arCeul
saqonels gamoakravdnen xolme asawonad.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Kinto
Kinto (petty street vendor) was one of the colored figures
in Tbilisi streets up to 1930-ies. He usually kept his goods
(mostly food) on a wood tray and carried them on his head
around the city. Kintos were known to be cunning, swift, and
informal people. They wore black outfits with baggy pants.
The caste of Kintos first emerged in the medieval Iran and
was divided in two major categories: one was a coterie
of pickpockets and another – petty vendors and crooks.
Kintouri is one of the city dances taking its name after Kintos.
The attire of dancers is also typical for Kintos – black atlas
baggy pants and red silk shawl hanging from their silver belt
used to wrap the fruits and vegetables in them to weigh.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

2012

metexi (Tbilisi)
metexis RvTismSoblis saxelobis eklesiis Tavdapirveli
agebis TariRi ucnobia. igi pirvelad XII saukuneSi -_
giorgi III-isa da Tamar mefis dros ixsenieba; am dros
iq ukve arsebobda samefo sasaxle da eklesia. monRolTa
Semosevebis dros es taZari ganadgurda, dRevandeli
taZari agebulia 1278-89 wlebSi mefe demetre
Tavdadebulis dros; Tumca, XVIII saukuneSi Zegli kvlav
SeakeTes da aRadgines gumbaTi, es moxda erekle II-is
dros, rodesac man metexis cixidan Turqebi gandevna. XIX
saukunis dasawyisSi metexSi ruseTis mTavarmmarTvelobam
sapyrobile gamarTa, Zveli eklesiis garSemo yazarmuli
tipis Senobebi ganlagda. am sapyrobilem 1933 wlamde
iarseba.

25

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Metekhi (Tbilisi)
The date of the Metekhi Virgin Mary church original
construction is not known. It was first mentioned during
the reign of Giorghi III and Queen Tamar; that time royal
palace and a church already stood on this spot. During the
invasion of the Mongols this cathedral was devastated and
today’s cathedral was erected in 1278-1289 during the rule
of the king Demetre Tavdadebuli; however, in XVIII century
a monument was again renovated and a dome restored
during the rule of king Erekle II when he ousted the Turks
from Metekhi church. In the beginning of the XIX century the
Russian administration arranged a prison in Metekhi and
erected a garrison-like buildings around the old church. This
prison existed until 1933.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

26
paraskevi
FRIDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

yurban-bairami
yurban-bairami umTavresi muslimuri moZravi dResas­
waulia. mas saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi mahmadianebic zeimiT
aRniSnaven. am dRes morwmune muslimanebi ixseneben wi­
naswar­
metyvel ibrahimis mier ishekis msxverplSesawirad
wayvanas; sadResaswaulod klaven cxvrebs, urigdebian maT,
visTanac uCxubiaT, sakvebs urigeben gaWirvebulebs da
stumroben axloblebs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Kurban Bayram
Kurban Bayram is the highest Muslim moving holiday. It is
celebrated also among the Muslims living in Georgia. The
faithful Muslims this day commemorate the willingness of
prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice Ishmael an act of obedience to
God. This day they slaughter a ram for sacrifice, make peace
with their rivals, distribute food to down-and-outs and visit
relatives and friends.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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sergo sardliSvilis foto
PHOTO BY SERGO SARDLISHVILI

2012

Tbilisuri aivnebi
Tbilisuri arqiteqtura sxvadasxva kulturebis sinTezia,
am kulturebis erTmaneTTan SerwymiT Seiqmna is, rasac
Cven Tbilisur ezos, Tbilisur quCas veZaxiT. aivani
samxreTuli qveynebis arqiteqturul formad iTvleba.
Tbilisuri saxli warmoudgenelia aivnebis gareSe. igi
Tbilisis arqiteqturaSi umniSvnelovanesi detalia.
Tbilisuri ezoebi xom erTgvari aivnebis `galereaa~.
es aris sivrce, romelic gamoxatavs da gansazRvravs
gulTbil, Ria, cocxal urTierTobebs. xSirad aivans ufro
didi farTobi eTmoba, vidre Tavad Sida sacxovrebel
farTs. aivnebi mdidruladaa morTuli rikulebiT,
svetebiT. arc erTi aivani erTmaneTs ara hgavs. aivnebTan
erTad Tbilisuri spiralurad xveuli kibec dauviwyar
STabeWdilebas axdens mnaxvelze; misi analogi arsad
gvxvdeba.
Balconies

SabaTi
SATURDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Tbilisi architecture is a confluence of various cultural
styles. It is the merger of these cultures that spawned the
ultimate result of what we call Tbilisi backyard, Tbilisi street.
Balcony is an architectural form of southern countries.
Tbilisi dwellers are firmly wed to balconies. They are the
most important traits in Tbilisi architecture. And, on the
other hand, Tbilisi backyards are kind of ‘galleries’ of these
balconies which provide space for denoting and determining
hearty, open and vivid relationships between people. Often
a balcony is provided with more space than the living
quarters themselves. Balconies are richly decorated with
balusters and columns. Not a single balcony resembles any
other. Along with balconies, the visitors are also very much
impressed by Tbilisi-style winding staircases; there are no
analogues to them anywhere else.

27

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2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

28
kvira
sunday

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

Tbilisoba
qalaq Tbilisis dResaswauli _`Tbilisoba~ pirvelad
1979 wlis 28 oqtombers Catarda da kidev erTi lamazi
tradicia damkvidrda. 90-iani wlebis movlenebma ramdenime
wliT Seaferxa dResaswaulis mowyoba, magram 1995 wlidan
`Tbilisoba~ kvlav aRdga. `Tbilisoba~ yoveli wlis
oqtombris TveSi imarTeba da saxalxo dResaswaulad
aris qceuli. RonisZiebebis epicentri Zveli Tbilisis
istoriul nawilSia, sadac yaraCoRelebi, kintoebi, Coxaaxaluxsa da qarTul tradiciul samosSi gamowyobili
monawileni Zveli Tbilisis suraTebs acocxleben da
ulamazes sanaxaobas qmnian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tbilisoba
14.00.

The City Festival of Tbilisi – Tbilisoba was first celebrated
on October 28, 1979 triggering one more good tradition.
Complex events which took place in the 90-ies have dented
arrangement of the Festival. But since 1995 Tbilisoba was
renewed. Tbilisoba is usually held every year in October
and is celebrated like a popular holiday. The climax of
events takes place in the neighborhood of Old Tbilisi where
many characters, like karachogeli (national costume
traditionalists), kinto (petty street vendors) and other
participants dressed in the national costume – chokha,
resuscitate the pictures of Old Tbilisi life and create
facsinating show.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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www.paata.ge

2012

Tbilisuri ezo
Tbilisuri ezo sazogadoebrivi instituciis gamoxa­
tulebaa. qalaqis msgavsad, Tbilisuri ezoebi sxvadasxva
aRmsareblobisa da kulturis gzajvaredinia. Tbilisur
ezoebSi mezoblebi erTmaneTTan mWidro urTierTobaSi
iyvnen, erTi didi ojaxiviT cxovrobdnen, saerTo
sufrasac Slidnen da am Ria urTierTobebis wyalobiT,
Wirsac da lxinsac advilad umklavdebodnen. xSirad
romelime mezobel ojaxSi misuli stumris gamaspinZlebas
sakuTar valdebulebad Tvlidnen. mogvianebiT aseT
Tbilisur ezoebs `italiuri~ daerqva -_ albaT ufro
xmauriani urTierTobis gamo. sinamdvileSi es samxreTuli
gulRia urTierTobebis asparezi namdvili `Tbilisuri
ezoa~. Tbilisur ezoebSi dRemde SemorCenilia aseTi
urTierToba.

29
orSabaTi
MONDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tbilisi courtyards
The Tbilisi courtyards reflected the social developments in
the city. Like a city, Tbilisi courtyards became crossroads for
people of different denominations and cultures. Neighbors
in Tbilisi courtyards lived in very close relationship, like one
big family with shared supra (Georgian feast) and tackled
ups and downs of life more easily. Often a guest visiting with
friends would find himself/herself hosted by the neighboring
family. Later such Tbilisi courtyards were dubbed ‘Italian’
arguably due to their ‘noisy’ trait. In reality this is truly Tbilisi
backyard, the venue of openhearted relationships among
people preserved up to our time.

15.00.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

30
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

ulumbo
qristianuli sarwmunoebis gavrcelebis mizniT saqarT­
veloSi VI saukuneSi asureli mamebi Camovidnen da qveynis
sxvadasxva kuTxeSi daaarses eklesia-monastrebi. erT-erTi
maTgani iyo miqael ulumboeli, romelmac Sida qarTlSi,
md. WeraTxevis xeobaSi daaarsa ulumbos monasteri. dRes
arsebuli eklesia agebulia 1871 wels, ris Sesaxebac
vgebulobT samxreTis Sesasvlelis Tavze moTavsebuli
warweridan. eklesia darbazulia; nagebia natexi qviTa da
qviSaqvis kvadrebiT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Ulumbo

13.00.

To preach the new faith of Christianity in the VI century the
Syrian monastic missionaries arrived in Georgia and founded
religious communities in different corners of the country.
One of them was Michael Ulumboeli who set up Ulumbo
monastery in the gorge of river Cheratkhevi in the region
of Shida Kartli. The church existing today was built in 1871
that is evident from the inscription on the top of southern
entrance to the church. The church is of a hall style, it was
built with cut stones and quadras of sandstones.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

2012

xirsa (siRnaRis raioni)
xirsis wm. stefanes monasteri mdebareobs siRnaRis
raionSi, sofel tibaanSi. monasteri daarsebulia VI
saukuneSi, erT-erTi `aTcameti asureli mamis~, stefanes
mier, romelic aqvea dakrZaluli. eklesia Tavdapirvelad
samnavian bazilikas warmoadgenda, VIII-IX saukuneebSi ki
gumbaTian eklesiad gadakeTda. fasadebze SemorCenilia
X-XIX saukuneebis warwerebi.

31

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

oqtomberi/OCTOBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Khirsa (Sighnaghi district)
Khirsa St. Stephen Monastery is located in the Sighnaghi
district,Tibaani. The church was estabbished in the VI
century, by one of the Thirteen Syrian Fathers - Stephen of
Khirsa. His tomb lies to the left of the altar.The three-nave
basilica was converted into a domed church in the VIII-IX cc.
There are X-XIX cc inscriptions preserved on the facades.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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1

www.paata.ge

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

gudamayari _ bursaWiris mwvervali
gudamayris uReltexili kavkasionis mTavar wyalgamyof
qedze, Wauxisa da saducias, aragvisa da snoswylis
wyalgamyofzea, zRvis donidan 2347 metrze. agebulia
Suaiuruli TixafiqlebiT da qviSaqvebiT. gudamayris
uReltexilze gadadis biliki sofeli bursaWiridan
sofel karkuCaSi. uReltexilze subalpuri landSaftia.
bursaWiridan Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT 3 km-Si bursaWiris
CanCqeri-mdinare moedineba. es aris gudamayris aragvis
erT-erTi saTave.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Gudamakari – Summit of Bursachiri

13.00.

The Gudamakari mountain pass is located on the main
water divide of Chaukhi, Aragvi and Snostskali, 2347
meters above sea level of the Greater Caucasus Mountain
Range. It is structured from clay plates and sand stones.
On Gudamakari mountain pass there is a walking trail from
the hamlet of Bursachiri to the hamlet of Karkucha. The
landscape on the mountain pass is sub-Alpine. 3 km northeast from Bursachiri flows waterfall-river. This is one of the
sources of the Aragvi river in Gudamakari.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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daviT kikolaSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KIKOLASHVILI

2012

ikvi (kaspis raioni)
ikvis wm. giorgis eklesia mdebareobs mdinare TeZamis
xeobaSi, sofel rkonis midamoebSi; taZari jvargumbaTovani nagebobaa, stilisturi analiziT da warweris
mixedviT agebulia XI saukunis I naxevarSi. warweraSi
ixsenieba qtitori _ mamamTavari arseni. originaluradaa
morTuli eklesiis sarkmlebi da karis timpanebi.
interierSi daculia taZris Tanadrouli saintereso
moxatuloba. aq `saRvTo scenebTan~ erTad warmodgenilia
wm. giorgis cxovrebis amsaxveli siuJetebi.
Ikvi (Kaspi district)
St. George church of Ikvi is located in the gorge of river
Tedzma, in the vicinity of village Rkoni; church is a crossdome structure, judging by its stylistic analysis and
inscription, it was erected in the first half of XI century.
Inscription mentions mastermind of the construction – father
Arsen. Church windows and door niche are ornamented
originally. In the interior the church contemporary painting
is well preserved. Along with holy scenes there are topics
covering life of St. George.

2

paraskevi
FRIDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

3

SabaTi
SATURDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

Semoqmedi (ozurgeTis raioni)
Semoqmedis monasteri mdebareobs sofel SemoqmedSi.
mTavari taZari (ganviTarebuli Sua saukuneebi) samna­
viania, igi macxovris saxelzea agebuli. mis gverdiT
mdgari gumbaTiani eklesia `zarzma~ (anu feriscvalebis
eklesia) agebulia XVI saukunis miwuruls, vaxtang I
gurielis mier. man dasaxeleba miiRo `feriscvalebis~
xatis gadmobrZanebis Semdeg, romelic Zveli zarzmidan
(adigenis raioni) SemoqmedSi gadmoasvenes. Semoqmedis
monasterSi inaxeba araerTi Zvirfasi xati. interierSi
SemorCenilia moxatulobis fragmentebi. samreklo age­
bulia vinme arsenis mier.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Shemokmedi (Ozurgeti district)
14.00.

The Shemokmedi monastery is located in the village of
Shemokmedi. The main cathedral (advanced Middle Ages)
is a three-nave building and was constructed in the name
of the Lord. Standing beside it domed church Zarzma (or
Transfiguration church) was built in the end of XVI century
under the auspices of Vakhtang I Gurieli. It received its name
after transfer of Transfiguration icon, which was brought
from old Zarzma (in Adigeni district) to Ozurgeti. There are
numerous precious icons under custody in Shemokmedi
monastery. Some fragments of mural painting have been
preserved in the interior. Belfry was erected by some Arsen.

15.00.

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18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

lagodexis daculi teritoriebi
lagodexis daculi teritoriebi saqarTvelos ukidures
ba­
Crdilo-aRmosavleT nawilSi, lagodexis raionSi mde­
reobs. igi moicavs lagodexis nakrZals da aRkveTils,
ganfenilia didi kavkasionis mTavari qedis samxreT
kalTebze. daculi teritoriis simaRle zRvis donidan
400-dan 3500 metramde meryeobs. misi farTobi 244 km2-ia.
lagodexis nakrZali wyaluxvia. aq uamravi wyalvardnili
da CanCqeria. lagodexis alpur sartyelSi myinvaruli
warmoSobis ramdenime Zalian lamazi tbaa, maTgan yvelaze
didia Savi kldis tba, romlis siRrme 12 metrs aRwevs.
lagodexis nakrZali mdidaria floriTa da fauniT. aq
binadroben gadaSenebis piras myofi iseTi cxovelebi,
romlebic saqarTvelos `wiTel wignSia~ Se­tanili.

4

kvira
sunday

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Lagodekhi Protected Areas
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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Lagodekhi Protected Areas are located in the most
northeastern part of Georgia,in the Lagodekhi district.This
includes the Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi
Managed Nature Reserve along the southern slopes of
the main range of the Great Caucasus.The height of the
Protected Areas varies 400-3500 m above the sea level. Its
area is 244 km2. The reserve is abounded in water. The main
rivers originating in the high mountains create many water
cascades and waterfalls,which then flow quietly in the lower
zone of the forest. In the Lagodekhi alpine zone,one can
meet several very nice lakes of glacial origin; the largest of
the is the Black Cliff Lake,the depth of which reaches 12 m.
Lagodekhi Protected Areas are rich in fauna and are
inhabited by endangered and threatened species included
in the “Red Book” of Georgia.

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5

www.paata.ge

orSabaTi
MONDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

udabno (gareja)
udabnos monasteri daviT garejis kompleqsebis erT-erTi
mTavari da saintereso udabno-monasteria. aq ramdenime
eklesia, senaki da sxvadasxva daniSnulebis qvabia; amaTgan
gamoirCeva RvTismSoblis mTavari eklesia sadiakvniT,
satrapezo, agreTve xarebisa da amaRlebis eklesiebi,
romlebzec SemorCenilia kedlis brwyinvale mxatvroba.
mTavar taZarSi warmodgenilia sami siuJeti daviT
garejelis cxovrebidan, maT qvemoT qtitorTa rigia,
romelTa Soris erT-erTi daviT garejelia. es mxatvroba
X saukunisaa. udabnos satrapezos mxatvroba satrapezoTa
Soris yvelaze Zvelia (X-XI s), aq metad originaluri
scenebia warmodgenili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Udabno (Gareja) (Sagarejo district)

14.00.

Udabno monastery is one of the important and interesting
monasteries in the David Gareja complex of monasteries.
There are several churches, cells and vats of different
usage; among them stands out the main Church of Virgin
Mary with deacons rooms, refectory, as well as churches
of Annunciation and Resurrection still bearing remnants of
marvelous mural painting. In the main church there are three
mural topics from the life of David Gareji, and lower one can
see a row of church wardens among whom is the image of
David Gareji. These paintings date to X century. The murals
of the refectory of Udabno are the oldest among refectories
(X-XI cc.) with very original scenes represented there.

15.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

biWvinTa
biWvinTis, rogorc uZvelesi qalaqis, cixesimagrisa da
savaWro centris Sesaxeb mravali istoriuli cnoba
arsebobs. straboni (Cv.w I s _ ax.w. I s) mas `pitiunts~
uwodebs. pitiunti berZnuli sityvaa da fiWviT dafarul
adgils niSnavs (`fiWvinaTa~, Semdeg `biWvinTa~). aq arse­
buli cixis nangrevebi, abanoebi, agreTve arqeologiuri
masala mowmobs, rom jer kidev Zv. w, I aTaswleulSi
biWvinTa mniSvnelovani qalaqi iyo. sainteresoa, taZris
iatakze moTavsebuli mozaika, romelic IV-V saukuneebs
ganekuTvneba. jvar-gumbaTovani taZari X saukunisaa,
mxatvroba ki -_ XVI saukunis.

6

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bichvinta
There are numerous historical accounts on the fortress and
trading center of Bichvinta as an ancient town. Strabo (I c.
BC – I c. AD) called it Pitiunt. Pitiunt is a Greek word and
means a place covered with pine trees (in Georgian pine
is ‘pichvi’, therefore ‘Pichvinta’, later ‘Bichvinta’). Ruins of
the fortress and baths existing here as well as archeological
material prove that as far back as I millennium BC Bichvinta
was an important town. Mosaic cover of the cathedral floor
of IV-V centuries is interesting. Cross-dome cathedral dates
to X century, painting – to XVI century.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
nikoloz kobaxiZis foto
PHOTO BY NIKOLOZ KOBAKHIDZE

7

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

raWis mRvimeebi
raWa, iseve rogorc dasavleT saqarTvelos sxva kuTxeebi,
mdidaria Tavisi sayinuleebiTa da karstuli mRvimeebiT.
sayinuleebidan cnobilia sxvavis da nikorwmindis mRvimeebi;
karstuli mRvimeebidan sainteresoa ganjareulis mRvime
sofel SqmerTan da raWis mRvimeebidan silamaziT
gamorCeuli caxis mRvime, romelic Sedgeba vrceli ganyo­
filebebisagan da viwro gasasvleli `karebisagan~. misi
saerTo sigrZe 1 km-s aRemateba. aq mravali stalagmiti
da stalaqtitia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Racha Caves

13.00.

As other parts of West Georgia Racha is rich with its crystal
caves and “freezers”. Among these “freezers” Skhvavi
and Nikortsminda stand out with its popularity. Among the
crystal caves however the most interesting is Ganjarauli
cave in the village of Shqmeri. From all these caves, Tsakha
cave is distinguished with its beauty, which consists of wide
compartments and narrow exit “the doors”. Its total length
is more than 1 km. Also an abundance of stalagmites and
stalactites is found in the cave.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

2012

raWa
raWa erT-erTi ulamazesi kuTxea saqarTveloSi. misi
mTavari mdinarea rioni, romelic kavkasionis qedidan
iRebs saTaves da Sav zRvaSi Caedineba. raWa uZvelesi
droidan cnobili iyo samTamadno da metalurgiuli
warmoebiT. raWuli Rvinoebidan gamorCeulia `xvanWkara~;
aq aris saqveynod cnobili kurortebi: Sovi da uwera.
mravladaa istoriuli da bunebrivi Zeglebi. raWas Tavs
dascqeris Tovlian-yinuliani mwvervalebi: zekari (3828
m), xalawa (3938 m), sauxoxi (3710 m); bubuxoxi (3245m),
mamisonis uReltexili (2820 m), zofxito (2694 m),
cixvarga (3860 m), Taimazo (3855 m) da sxva.
Racha
Racha – one of the most beautiful regions of Georgia.
located in the upper Rioni river valley and hemmed in by the
Greater Caucasus mountains. From the ancient times Racha
was known by its mining and metallurgical production. The
most famous Racha vine is “Khvantchkara”.Racha’s villages
are surrounded by stunning environment snow capped
mountains and impressive medieval churches. There are
world famous resorts:Shovi and Utsera.Racha is known
by its historical and natural monuments under the ice
peaks: Zekari( 3828 m), Khalatsa (3938 m) ,Saukhori(3710
m),Bubukhokhi (3245 m), Mamisoni pass (2820 m),
Zopkhito (2694 m), Tsikhvarga (3860m), Taimazo (3855 m)
and others.

8

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

9

paraskevi
FRIDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

oSki
TorTumis xeobaSi, saqarTvelos Zvel provinciaSi, taoSi
(amJamad TurqeTis teritoriazea), mdebareobs oSkis
grandiozuli taZari. monasteri sxvadasxva daniSnulebis
nagebobebisgan Sedgeba: samlocveloebi, satrapezo,
seminaria, episkoposis rezidencia da sxv. dominanti ki
ioane naTlismcemlis didi taZaria. warweris mixedviT,
misi mSenebloba 961 wels dasrulebula, qtitorebi ki
taos Stos bagrationebi _ mefe daviT III kurapalati da
misi Zma, bagrat erisTavTerisTavia. oSkis taZari uxvadaa
Semkuli reliefebiT da ornamentebiT; morTulia svetTa
kapitelebi, sadac angelozebi, qurumebi da serafimebia
gamosaxuli. samxreT fasadze `vedrebis~ vrceli redaqciaa,
sadac taZris qtitorebic arian warmodgenilni.
interierSi saintereso moxatulobaa SemorCenili.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Oshki

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

In the ancient Georgian province of Tao, in Tortum gorge
(now in Turkey) is located a monumental Cathedral of Oshki.
The Monastery consists of buildings for various purposes:
praying, refectory, seminary, residence of a bishop, etc.
But the focal point of the complex is the Church of John the
Baptist. According to the inscription, its construction ended
in 961. The donors of the Church were representatives of
the Tao branch of Bagrationi royal family – king David III
Kuropalates and his brother, Bagrat Eristavteristavi (Prince
of Princes). The Oshki Cathedral is lavishly ornamented with
engravings and decorations. There are engravings also on
tops of columns where angels, oracles and archangels are
depicted. On the southern facade there is a vast composition
of Prayer representing among others also donors of the
Cathedral. Interior is interesting with remnants of murals.

goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

2012

axali SuamTa (Telavis raioni)
axali SuamTis monasteri daarsebulia XVI saukunis Sua
xanebSi levan (leon) kaxTa mefis meuRlis, mamia gurielis
asulis
TinaTinis
mier.
centralur-gumbaTovani
taZari
yovladwmidis
Sobis
saxelzea
agebuli.
eklesiis interieris moxatulobac amave periodSia
Sesrulebuli. kedlebze saintereso scenebis garda,
gamosaxulia qtitorTa portretebi. dedofali TinaTini
male monazvanad aRkvecila amave monasterSi. taZari
ramdenjermea SekeTebuli. XIX saukuneSi eklesia da
samreklo SeaTeTres. axali SuamTis taZarSia dakrZaluli
gamoCenili qarTveli poeti aleqsandre WavWavaZe.

10
SabaTi
SATURDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

New Shuamta (Telavi district)
The monastery was built by Tinatin Gurieli,the wife of King
Levan II(1520-1574) in the mid XVI century. The inner walls
present very interesting paintings.There are depicted
ktitors’s portraits and other interesting scenes. The Queen
Tinatin became a monk in same monastery. The church
was repaired several times. In the XIX century church
and bell tower were whitewashed. The famous Georgian
poet Alexander Chavchavdze is buried in New Shuamta
monastery.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
zazaqardavas foto
PHOTO BY ZAZA QARDAVA

11
kvira
sunday

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

Tbilisis eTnografiuli muzeumi (Tbilisi)
Tbilisis eTnografiuli muzeumi Ria cis qveS daarsda
1966 wels. muzeumis daarsebis ideis avtori da ganma­
xorcielebeli iyo qarTuli eTnografiuli sko­
lis fu­
Ze­
mdebeli, akademikosi giorgi Citaia; swored mis saxels
atarebs muzeumi dRes. igi mdebareobs vakis raionSi, kus tbis
dasavleTiT da gadaWimulia 65 heqtar farTobze. muzeumi
dayofilia 11 zonad., warmoadgens saqarTvelos miniaturul
models da asa­
xavs mis mravalferovan eTnokulturas.
muzeumSi eqsponirebulia 70-mde sacxovrebeli saxli da
sameurneo nageboba saqarTvelos yvela kuTxidan. erTi
zona eTmoba istoriul-arqeologiur Zeglebs, romelTa
Sorisaa V-VI saukuneebis sionis bazilika, akldama da
saflavis qvebis mdidruli koleqcia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Open Air Museum (Tbilisi)
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

The Tbilisi Open Air Museum of Ethnography was founded in
1966. The mastermind of the idea and its implementation was
Giorgi Chitaya, the founder of the Georgian ethnographic
school, member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences.
The Museum was named after its founder. It is situated in
Vake district, west to Turtle Lake and expands to 65 ha of
land. The space of the Museum is arranged in 11 zones.
The Museum is a miniature model of Georgia and features
its diverse ethnographic culture. The Museum displayes
up to 70 houses and utility structures from all regions of
Georgia. One zone is provided for display of historical and
archeological monuments, among them Sioni basilica of V-VI
cc. and a burial vault with sarcophagus and rich collection of
grave stones.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

konka
XIX saukunis miwuruls, Tbilisis gafarToebasTan erTad
aucilebeli gaxda saqalaqo transportis arseboba, amitom
qalaqis imdroindelma xelmZRvanelobam gadawyvita,
TbilisSi sacxenosno rkinigzis _ konkis Semoyvana. pir­
veli konka qalaqSi 1883 wlis 10 marts gamoCnda. igi
axlandeli daviT aRmaSeneblis gamziris gavliT akav­
Sirebda voroncovis moedansa da rkinigzis vagzals.
nel-nela marSruti gagrZelda Tavisuflebis moednamde,
Semdeg ki _ rusTavelis gamziri da veris nawilic moicva.
vinaidan gaCerebebi ar arseboboda, vagons dahyveboda
konduqtori, raTa mgzavrebis moTxovniT gaeCerebina
vagoni. konkam TbilisSi 1910 wlamde iarseba.
Konka
With the expansion of the Tbilisi city the availability of public
transport became essential. As a result, a decision was
made to introduce an animal-powered tram called Konka
(horsecar), Konka appeared in Tbilisi in March of 1883.
Through the avenue of David Agmashenebeli, konka linked
Vorontsov Square to the railway station. Slow by slow the
route became longer, thus covering, presently called,
Freedom Square, followed by covering Rustaveli Avenue
and the most land area of Vera. Due to the stops no being
implemented, by request of passengers, the horsecar was
accompanied by a conductor. Konka existed till 1910.

12

orSabaTi
MONDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

13

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

100 000 mowamis xsenebis dRe
saqarTvelos istoria mdidaria gmirobisa da Tavganwirvis
magaliTebiT, magram maT Soris mainc gamorCeulia asi aTasi
Tbiliselis mowameobrivi aRsasruli. 1226 wels jalal
ad-dini Tbilisis sazRvrebs moadga. moRalate Tbiliseli
muslimebis daxmarebiT, RamiT, malulad Semovida qalaqSi.
atyda sisxlismRvreli brZola. quCebSi sisxlis mdinareebi
modioda, mtkvari gaivso gvamebiT. jalal ad-dinma sions
gumbaTi moangria da iqidan uyurebda iavarqmnil qalaqs.
taZridan xatebi gamoatanina da brZana, vinc qristes
rjuls uaryofda da xatebs Seuracxyofda, sicocxles
SeunarCunebda. asi aTasi Tbiliseli Seewira am dRes, asi
aTasi moWrili Tavi da asi aTasi TavmokveTili sxeuli
gaatanes mdinare mtvars.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

100 000 Martyrs
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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The Georgian history is rich with examples of heroism and
sacrifice but among them the most distinguished is demise
of one hundred thousand residents of Tbilisi as martyrs. In
1226 Jalal-ed-Din approached Tbilisi borders. Aided and
abetted by the treacherous Tbilisi muslims, at night, on the
sly, he entered the city. Fierce bloody fighting ensued. There
were rivers of blood in the streets. River Mtkvari was full of
corpses. Jalal-ed-Din toppled a dome of Sioni Cathedral and
observed pillaged city from this spot. Jalal-ed-Din directed
to remove icons from the cathedral and stated – who would
reject the faith of Christ and abuse icons would preserve life.
One hundred thousand residents of Tbilisi sacrificed their
lives this day. One hundred thousand severed heads and
one hundred thousand beheaded bodies were thrown into
the river Mtkvari. From this day on Georgia and its capital
Tbilisi have gained one hundred thousand saints, their holy
protectors.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

riye
Tbilisis erT-erTi Zveli da kolorituli ubani _ riye
mdebareobs mdinare mtkvris marcxena sanapiroze. igi
XVIII-XIX saukuneebis mijnaze ganviTarda. aq gadioda
dasavleTisken mimavali didi gza. XIX saukuneSi aq
iyo bazari, qarvasla, saxelosnoebi, duqnebi. es adgili
Zalian xalxmravali da cocxali adgili iyo TbilisSi,
aqedan auyvebodiT sirajxanas, dRevandel Rvinis aRmarTs.
sirajxana _ ori sityvisgan aris warmoebuli, siraji
meRvines niSnavs, xana ki _ saxls. es saxeli quCas imitom
ewoda, rom aq iyo Rvinis gasayidi duqnebi, sardafebi.
qalaqeli kargi Rvinis sayidlad aq modioda. amitomac
mas nel-nela Seecvala saxeli da ewoda Rvinis aRmarTi.
es adgilebi yovelTvis iyo Tbilisis bohemuri
cxovrebis erT-erTi centri.

14

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Rike
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

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GE T T

One of the old and colorful neighborhoods of Tbilisi, Rike,
is located on the left bank of river Mtkvari. Developed on
the margin of XVIII-XIX centuries, it happened to be on the
route of a big road to the West. In XIX century here was a big
market, caravanserai, artisan shops, shops. This vivacious
spot in Tbilisi was always full of people who used to walk
up the road of Sirajkhana, today’s Wine Climb. The word
Sirajkhana evolved from two words – siraj means wine seller,
and khana – house. This street was given this name because
there were small shops and cellars – dukani selling wine
there. City dwellers usually came here to buy good wine.
Therefore, this street gradually changed its name to Wine
Climb.
These places have always been the hotbed of bohemian
life in Tbilisi.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

15

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

martyofi (gardabnis raioni_)
martyofis monasteri, anu `RvTaeba~”mdebareobs soflebs,
martyofsa da norios Soris, maRaltyian mTaze. samanqano
gza noriodanaa. monasteri daarsebulia erT-erTi
aTcameti asureli mamis antonis mier. kompleqsi aerTianebs
Zveli eklesiis adgilze XIX saukuneSi agebul gumbaTovan
eklesias, mcire samlocvelos, satrapezos, samreklos da
sxva nagebobebs. samreklo warweris mixedviT agebulia 1629
wels. kompleqsis aRmosavleTiT 500 metrSi, maRal mTaze
mdebareobs sveti, sadac antoni iyo ganmartoebuli. svets
mogvianebiT damatebiTi saTavsoebi miaSenes. monastris
teritoriaze, misgan Crdilo-aRmosavleTiT, qarafis
piras, dgas ganviTarebuli Suasaukuneebis RvTismSoblis
saxelobis orsarTuliani eklesia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Martkopi (Gardabani district)
Martkopi monastery,also known as “Ghvtaeba” (Deity) is
located between the villages of Martkopi and Norio on a high
forested mountain. It can be reached by road from village of
Norio. Monastery was founded by one of the “Thirteen Syrian
Fathers” – St.Anthony. The complex includes a domed
church, built on the spot of an old 19th century church, a
small chapel, feast and other buildings.According to the
belfry inscription, it was built in 1629. In 500 meters to the
east of the complex ,on a top of a small rocky ridge stands
an old stone tower where St.Anthony used to live alone and
prayed. Later, some extra buildings were attached.To the
north-east of the monastery stands the medieval two level
church of St. Mary.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ruisi (qarelis raioni)
ruisis feriscvalebis saxelobis taZari jvar-gumbaTovani
nagebobaa, masze gairCeva ramdenime samSeneblo fena:
vaxtang gorgaslis droindel nagebobas Cvenamde ar
mouRwevia, uZvelesi fena VIII-IX saukuneebs ganekuTvneba.
X-XI saukuneebSi taZari safuZvlianad gadaukeTebiaT,
am droisaa karibWe-egvterebi da fasadebis reliefuri
gamosaxulebani. ruisis saepiskoposo taZari mZlavr
kulturul-saganmanaTleblo keras warmoadgenda. mis
did mniSvnelobaze metyvelebs daviT IV aRmaSeneblis
mier 1104 wels mowveuli ruis-urbnisis saeklesio
kreba, romelmac miiRo qarTUuli marTlmadidebluri
eklesiisaTvis uaRresad mniSvnelovaniO dokumenti _
`ZeglisweraÁ ruis-urbnisis krebisaÁ~.

16

paraskevi
FRIDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ruisi (Kareli district)
Ruisi Transfiguration Cathedral is a domed building.There
can be seen several layers of construction:Vakhtang
Gorgasali era building has not survived, the oldest layers
belong to VIII-IX centuries . In the X-XI centuries the church
was thoroughly changed.The Gate and relief images belong
to that time. Ruisi episcopate was one of the powerful
and cultural and educational center. Its importance was
confirmed by King David IV the Builder when he invited
summon of the Great Ecclesiastic Council in Ruisi - Urbnisi
Diocese in 1104.The Ruis –Urbnisi Ecclesiastic Council
revised vital issues of ecclesiastic as well as civil society and
was adopted a very important document “Dzeglistsera RuisUrbnisi krebisa”.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

17
SabaTi
SATURDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

erekle II
saqarTvelos ukanaskneli didi mefe, Teimuraz II-is Ze,
mefe erekle II (1720-1798 ww.) Tavisi drois progresuli
politikuri moRvawe iyo. mefoba mouxda saqarTvelos
Znelbedobis Jams, XVIII saukunis II naxevarSi. 1735 wels
irans moevlina uWkvianesi mmarTveli _ nadir-Sahi. man
mravalgzis dalaSqra saqarTvelo. moxerxebulma Teimuraz
II-m SeZlo masTan saerTo enis gamonaxva da ndobis
mopoveba. 1744 wlidan qarTlSi Teimuraz II, xolo kaxeTSi
_ erekle II gamefda. Teimuraz II-is gardacvalebis Semdeg
qarTl-kaxeTs erTi mefe hyavda, rac qveynis gaerTianebis
winapiroba iyo. erekle II-s winaSe mwvaved dadga sagareo
orientaciis sakiTxi. man amjobina qarTveli xalxis
momavlis ruseTTan dakavSireba da evropuli gziT svla.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Erekle II
The last great king of Georgia, Erekle II (1720-1798), the son
of Teimuraz II was a progressive political leader of the time.
He had to reign in a roller-coaster period of the second half
of XVIII century. In 1735 the Iran throne was ascended by
the smartest ruler – Nadir Shah. He charged Georgia many
times. Resourceful Teimuraz II managed to find common
ground with him and gained his confidence. From 1744
Teimuraz II reigned in Kartli and Erekle II in Kakheti. After
death of Teimuraz II Kartli and Kakheti had one king that
became a precondition for unification of the nation. Erekle
II faced a critical issue of foreign orientation of the country.
He preferred to link the future of the Georgian people with
Russia and the European way of development.

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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laSa zarginavas foto
PHOTO BY LASHA ZARGINAVA

2012

Telavi
Telavi I saukuneSi ukve didi dasaxlebuli punqti yofila.
qalaqad VIII-IX saukuneebSi gadaqceula. am xanebSi igi
kaxeTis centri xdeba. aq SemorCenilia im droindeli
Zveli galavnis nangrevebi. momdevno saukuneebSi Telavi
qalaqad, anu dedaqalaqad aRar moixsenieba. XVII
saukunidan XVIII saukunis bolomde igi kvlav sataxto
qalaqia. am dros Sendeba `batonis cixe~, amave droisaa
erekle II-is mier agebuli karis eklesia (1758 w.), xolo
1766 wels darejan dedofali agebs sazarbazne burjs.
`batonis cixe~ kaxeTis mefeTa rezidencia iyo; Sedgeba
vrceli galavnis, sasaxlis, abanosa da eklesiebisagan.

18
kvira
sunday

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Telavi
Telavi turned down to be a big settlement back in the I
century AD. Its transformation into the city happened in VIIIIX centuries. This time it became the center of Kakheti. The
ruins of ’Dzveli Galavani’ (old walls) have been preserved
within the city borders. In later centuries the reference of
Telavi as a city or capital city is lacking. from XVII century to
the end of XVIII century it was a royal seat. Fortress ‘Batonis
Tsikhe’ (Fortress of Ruler) and the so called Court Church
(1758) commissioned by Erekle II also date to this period.
In 1766 Queen Darejan erected cannon citadel. ‘Batonis
Tsikhe’ was the residence of Kakheti kings; it consists of
solid walls, a palace, baths and churches.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

19

orSabaTi
MONDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

martvilis eklesia (bolnisis raioni)
martvilis eklesia mdebareobs martvilis raionSi. am
adgils, sadac kerpTayvanismcemelTa ganTqmuli `xati~
(muxa) iyo, adre Wyondidi erqva. aq, gamorCeul goraze
SemdgomSi aages jvris tipis eklesia (VII s), romelic
warmoadgens sruliad damoukidebel nagebobas, sadac
axleburadaa gadmocemuli Sinagani sivrce da garegani
formebi. taZris fasadebze warmodgenilia saintereso
reliefuri kompoziciebi. SigniT, kedlebi dafarulia
XVI-XVII saukuneebis mxatvrobiT. monastris teritoriaze
dgas agreTve X saukunis mcire gumbaTiani eklesia da
X-XI saukuneebis sveti.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Martvili Church (Bolnisi district)
14.00.

Martvili Church is located in Martvili district. This place
earlier had a designation of Chkondidi where there was a
famous heathen ’icon’ (oak-tree). Here, in this area, on the
selected hill was built a cross-type church (VII c.) which is
a completely one-off construction where internal space
and outer forms were merged in a new way. Interesting
bas-relief compositions are represented on the facades of
the cathedral. Interior walls are covered with paintings of
XVI-XVII centuries. On the territory of the monastery there
is a small dome chapel of X century and a column of X-XI
centuries.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

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Tamar mezurniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY TAMAR MEZURNISHVILI

2012

bolnisis sioni (bolnisis raioni)
bolnisis sioni erT-erTi udidesi da yvelaze mniSvnelovani
samnaviani bazilikaa saqarTveloSi. igi mopirkeTebulia
firuzisferi _ momwvano tufis kvadrebiT. taZarma
Semogvinaxa qarTuli damwerlobis uZvelesi nimuSebi; maT
Soris gamoirCeva aRmosavleT fasadze `bolnuri jvris~
garSemo moTavsebuli warwera, saidanac vgebulobT, rom
taZari aSenebula daviT episkoposis TaosnobiT. meore
samSeneblo warwera taZris agebis zust TariRs gvamcnobs;
mSenebloba dawyebula perozis mefobis (459-484 ww)
meoce wels da dasrulebula 493-494 wlebSi. bolnisis
sionma, warwerebis garda, Semogvinaxa skulpturis uZve­
lesi nimuSebi: mcenareuli da geometriuli motivebi,
cxovelTa gamosaxulebebi.

20
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Bolnisi Sioni (Bolnisi district)
Bolnisi Sioni is one of the biggest and distinguished basilica
in Georgia. It is embellished with turquoise green tuff
quadrants. The cathedral preserves the oldest Georgian
inscriptions. The most notable inscription, among many, is
the title placed around “cross bolnuri” on the eastern facade,
suggesting that the cathedral was built under the guidance
of bishop David. Also, the title informs us the exact date of its
establishment, which took place on the 20th year of Perozi’s
(459-484)reign and wasn’t completed until 493-494. In
addition to the title, Bolnisi Sioni has preserved the samples
of geometric patterns of plans and images of animals.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

21

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

Tone
Tone miwaSi Cadgmuli uZiro, cilindruli formis Tixis
nakeTobaa. ZiriTadad gavrcelebulia ori saxis Tone:
saojaxo da profesiuli mepuris Tone. saojaxo Tonis
maqsimaluri simaRle, rogorc wesi, 1 metria. saqarTvelos
sxvadasxva kuTxeSi Tones miwaSi sxvadasxva siRrmiT
dgamen; miwiszeda nawilis gasamagreblad da simxurvalis
SesanarCuneblad Tones wnels Semoawnaven, wnulisa
da Tonis kedels Sua arsebul cariel adgils miwiT
amoavseben da datkepnian. arqeologebis mier aRmoCenilia
urartuli Tone, romelic TariRdeba Zv. w. VIII saukuniT.
is yvelaze Zveli Tonea amierkavkasiis teritoriaze.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tone
14.00.

Tone (Georgian baking oven) is a bottomless clay open
oven of cylindrical form installed in the ground. There are
primarily two types of Tone: for family use and commercial
baking. Maximal height of family Tone is usually 1 m. In
different corners of Georgia Tone is installed in different
depth into the ground; to buttress the part over the ground
and preserve heat, the outer walls of the oven are wattled
with twigs and a gap between twigs and walls is filled with
earth and rammed. During archeological excavations Tone
of Urartu origin dating to VIII c. BC was unearthed which is
the oldest Tone on the territory of Transcaucasus.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

SoTis puri
puri adamianis upirvelesi sakvebia. qarTulad nadims
`puroba~” hqvia, uxv, xelgaSlil adamians _ `puradi~,
Zunws ki _ `purZviri~. winaT ficic ki purTan iyo
dakavSirebuli: `am puris madlma, ara vtyuio~ _ ityoda
qarTveli. xorbals inaxavdnen godrebSi, beRelsa da
xaroSi. xaro didi ormo iyo, sadac marcvali gacilebiT
metxans da gamoufitavad inaxeboda, vidre beRelSi.
Zvelad purs xis kidobanSic inaxavdnen. XVI saukunis
monacemebze dayrdnobiT, evropaSi yvelaze meti puri
saqarTveloSi modioda, kerZod ki, sacicianoSi, _ qarTlSi.
erTxel, Turme, ciciSvilma mefis mTel amalas umaspinZla,
sufrebad magidaze axlad damcxvari lavaSebi gadaafina
da karavsac, sadac 500 stumari daabrZana, fanjrebadac
Txeli lavaSebi dahkida.

22

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Bread
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

GE T T

Bread is the foremost food for human beings. Feasts in
Georgian are called Puroba (‘bread eating’), open and
generous individuals are called Puradi (‘providing bread’),
and mean ones – Purdzviri (‘putting extra price on bread’).
In old ages even taking oaths was linked with bread: ‘Due to
divine grace of bread, I do say truth’, used to say a Georgian.
Wheat was kept in big baskets in barns and in kharo. Kharo is
a big pit where wheat could be kept safe and sound without
withering for a longer time than in barns. Earlier bread was
kept also in wood bins. According to the accounts of XVI
century Georgia had the best wheat harvest in Europe, to
wit, in Satsitsiano, region of Kartli. Once prince Tsitsishvili
hosted retinue of the king and as a table cloth and fake
windows in the tent where he treated 500 guests he used
lavashi (Georgian flat bread).

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012

23

www.paata.ge

paraskevi
FRIDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

Savnabada
Savnabadas wm. giorgis saxelobis monasteri mdebareobs
TrialeTis qedis samxreT-aRmosavleT ganStoebaze,
Tele­
Tis qedze. arsebobs legenda: erT-erT brZolaSi
saqarTvelos jaris mxares, Turme, TeTr cxenze amxedre­
buli Wabuki ibrZoda; mas mowinaaRmdegis sardali dau­
marcxebia. mefes misTvis jildod Savi nabadi uCuqebia.
gamarjvebis aRsaniSnavad paraklisi gadauxdiaT, romel­
sac Wabukic daswrebia. locvis damTavrebis Semdeg
moukiTxavT, magram veRar upovniaT, Tumca male ufals
maTTvis goneba gauxsnia da wm. giorgis freskaze Wabuki
meomari amoucniaT. im dRidan am mTisTvis Savnabadas
mTa daurqmeviaT, xolo eklesiisTvis ki _ Savnabadas wm.
giorgis eklesia.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Shavnabada
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Shavnabada St. George Monastery is located on the southeastern, Teleti slope of Trialeti mountain range. A legend
was floated around this Monastery. In one of numerous
battles the Georgians had to wage, a teenager horseman
took part in the one-on-one combat where he had to face
off a commander of the rival force and in which combat he
prevailed. King awarded him the prize – black nabadi (felt
cape). In commemoration of the military victory the church
service was held attended by this teenager. After the service
he was searched but could not be found. However, in a short
space of time peoples’ minds were wide opened by God and
they identified the youth on the fresco of St. George. Since
then this mountain has been called Shavnabada (black
cape) and the church was named Shavnabada St. George
Church.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

giorgi V brwyinvale
giorgi V mefobda 1314-1346 wlebSi. mas memkvidreobiT
daqceuli, daqucmacebuli da yofna-aryofnis zRvarze
myofi qveyana ergo. igi Wkviani politikosi iyo da
advilad moipova monRolTa karze ndoba, mogvianebiT ki,
damoukideblad moqmedebis uflebac miiRo. 1335 wels
monRolebs xarki Seuwyvita da amiT monRolTa aswliani
batonoba dasrulda. giorgi V dauRalavad ibrZoda
centraluri xelisuflebis gaZlierebisaTvis, ganaxorciela
finansuri reforma, misi xelmZRvanelobiT Seiqmna
sakanonmdeblo Zeglebi: `xelmwifis karis garigeba~ da
`Zeglis deba~; giorgi V-m aRadgina qarTvelTa monastrebi
ierusalimsa da sinas mTaze. mis dros qarTvelebma
ierusalimSi Tavisuflad Sesvlis ufleba moipoves. xalxma
mas giorgi brwyinvale uwoda. igi dakrZalulia gelaTSi.

24
SabaTi
SATURDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

George V the Brilliant
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

GE T T

Giorgi V reigned in 1314-1346. He inherited ransacked,
fractured country on the brink of physical existence. He was
a shrewd politician who easily won trust at the royal court
of the Mongols and later even received the coveted right
to conduct independent policy in certain areas. In 1335 he
ceased payments of tribute to the Mongols, drove them out
of the country and thus ended centenary yoke of the Mongol
rule in Georgia. Giorgi V tried to reassert central royal
authority everywhere in the country day and night, and to that
end he passed a financial reform. Under his auspices several
Georgian law codes were adopted: ‘Regulations of the Royal
Court’ and ‘Dzeglis Deba’ (Code). Giorgi V restored several
Georgian monasteries in Jerusalem and Sinai mountain.
During his reign the Georgians were awarded the right of
free passage to Jerusalem. People named him Brtskinvale
(the Brilliant). He’s buried in Gelati.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

25
kvira
sunday

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

wromi (xaSuris raioni)
wromis taZari mdebareobs xaSuris raionSi, soflis
centrSi. agebulia 626-635 wlebSi erismTavar stefanoz
II-is mier. wromis taZari saetapo Zeglia. igi centralurgumbaTovani nagebobaa, naSenia kargad gaTlili qviSaqvis
kvadrebiT. wromis axalma xuroTmoZRvrulma principebma
bevrad
gansazRvres
feodaluri
xanis
qarTuli
arqiteqturis
Semdgomi
ganviTareba.
interierSi,
sakurTxevlis konqSi warmodgenili iyo mozaikiT
Sesrulebuli qristes didebis kompozicia (VII s), amJamad
mozaikis fragmentebi gadatanilia muzeumSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Tsromi (Khashuri district)
Tsromi monastery is located in Khashuri district, in the middle
of the village. It was built in 626-635 under commission of
Eristavi (ruler) Stepanoz II. Tsromi church is a landmark
relic. It is a central-dome structure and was built with wellcut sandstone square pieces. New architectural principles
of Tsromi have defined further development of the Georgian
architecture in Middle Ages to a considerable degree. In the
interior, in the vault of the altar, was represented a mosaic
composition of the Glory of Christ (VII c.). Nowadays mosaic
fragments have been taken to the museum.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

ganaxlebuli siRnaERi (kaxeTi)
siRnaRi, Tavisi unikaluri adgilmdebareobiTa da
ganaSenianebiT, saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi qalaqia.
igi mdebareobs civgomboris mTis maRal koncxze, saidanac
alaznis velis didebuli xedi iSleba. 2007 wels qalaqs
Cautarda restavracia, ganaxlda Zveli sacxovreblebi,
mopirkeTda quCebi, moednebi, gaixsna muzeumebi da
sastumroebi. dRes siRnaRs `siyvarulis qalaqs~ uwodeben.
turistebisTvis mimzidveli qalaqia.
Sighnaghi revived (Kakheti region)
Sighnaghi with its one-of-a-kind location and development
schemes is one of the magnificent towns in Georgia. It is
located on the high promontory of Tsivgombori mountain
range wherefrom unfolds breathtaking view of Alazani
valley. In 2007 the town underwent fundamental restoration
works. Old dwellings were renovated, streets, squares
reconstructed and museums and hotels opened. Sighnaghi
was dubbed ‘Love City’.

26
orSabaTi
MONDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

27

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

iverTa monasteri
aTonis iverTa monasteri daarsda 980-983 ww. qalke­
doniis naxevarkunZulze, saberZneTSi. misi Seqmna dakavSi­
rebulia ioane mTawmindelisa da Tornike erisTavis
moRvaweobasTan. Tornikem barda skliarosis laSqris
damarcxebis Semdeg (979 w.) xelT igdo didZali nadavli,
romelic aTonis iverTa monastris mSeneblobas moaxmara.
monasterSi aRmocenda da Camoyalibda literaturuli
skola, romelsac saTaveSi edgnen eqvTime da giorgi
mTawmindelebi. maTi xelmZRvanelobiT X-XI saukuneebSi
aTonze gaCaRda mZlavri kulturul-SemoqmedebiTi
saqmianoba. daiwera originaluri Txzulebebi, qarTulad
iTargmna bizantiuri literaturis mniSvnelovani
Zeglebi, qarTulidan berZnulad iTargmna `sibrZne
balahvarisa~. aTonis iverTa monasteri amJamad berZnTa
kuTvnilebaa.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Iviron Monastery

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Iviron Monastery on Mount Athos was founded in 980-983
on the Chalcedonian peninsula, Greece. The monastery
was built under the supervision of Ioanne Mtatsmindeli and
Tornike Eristavi. Having defeated the army of Bardas Skleros
in 979 Tornike gained large spoils used for construction
of the Iviron Monastery. The Monastery became the
hotbed of a literature school headed by Ekvtime and Giorgi
Mtatsmindeli. Headed by them, the Iviron Monastery
became the venue of buoyant cultural and creative activities
in X-XI centuries. Original treatises were written, important
works of Byzantine literature were translated into Georgian,
‘Wisdom of Balavari’ was translated from Georgian into
Greek. Currently the Iviron Monastery is under management
of Greeks.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

mefe farnavazi
farnavazi iyo didi qarTveli xelmwife, saqarTvelos
pirveli gamaerTianebeli. arsebobs Tqmuleba, rom egrisis
mTavar qujisTan gaerTianebis Semdeg man daamarcxa
dampyrobi azoni da mefed dajda mcxeTas. farnavazma
gaaerTiana saqarTvelo da dahyo igi saerisTavoebad;
gaamagra qalaqi mcxeTa da aqve aRmarTa salocavi kerpi
_armazi. aRadgina mravali cixesimagre; misma TanamebrZolma,
egrisis erisTavma qujim aRaSena qalaqi cixe-goji.
farnavazis saxels ukavSirdeba udidesi kulturulsaganmanaTleblo reforma -_ qarTuli damwerlobis Seqmna.
farnavazi mefobda Zv. w. IV-III saukuneTa mijnaze. gamefda
27 wlis, imefa 65 weliwadi, aResrula 92 wlis asakSi.
`qarTlis cxovrebis~ cnobiT, dakrZalulia armazs.

28

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

King Parnavaz
The development of the nation is linked to King Parnavaz’s
endeavor to unite Georgian in the III century BC.King
Parnavaz successfully united the western and eastern
Georgian states into a single state.He also invented the first
Georgian alphabet and became the founder of the written
Georgian language, which is one of the oldest languages
in the world today. King Parnavaz expelled invaiders from
Georgia and began to reign over a liberated country.
During his reign Armazistsikhe (Armazi castle),the citadel
of the capital and an idol representing the god Armazi,were
erected.According to Kartlis Tskhovreba (History of Georgia)
he’s buried in Armazi. King Parnavaz reigned 65 years and
died 92 years of age.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
goCa ebraliZis foto
PHOTO BY GOCHA EBRALIDZE

29

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

manglisi (TeTriwyaros raioni)
vaxuSti batoniSvili gadmogvcems: `...manglisi, eklesia
gumbaTiani, aRaSena didman konstantinem mirian mefis
Jams da daasuena aqa ferxis ficari uflisa...~. qarTuli
xuroTmoZvrebis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani Zegli manglisis
sioni Tavdapirvelad warmoadgenda tetrakonqs (Vs),
xolo XI saukunis dasawyisSi Zirfesvianad gadakeTda;
mia­
Senes mdidrulad morTuli karibWeebi, am periodSi
moi­
xata kedlebic; mxatvrobis fragmentebi gumbaTSiRaa
SemorCenili. fasadebze aris ramdenime saintereso
warwera, erT-erT maTganSi taZris aRmSenebeli kvirike
episkoposi ixsenieba (1020 w).

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Manglisi (Tetritskaro district)
14.00.

Manglisi Sioni Cathedral is on of the most important
monuments of Georgian architecture. In the beginning, of
the Vth century it was a tetraconch, however in the XI century
it was remodeled entirely. Richly decorated gates were
attached and the walls were painted, the fragments of which
are well preserved in the dome. The facades are beautified
with breath taking inscriptions. One of them mentions the
builder’s name – Bishop Kvirike (1020 y.)

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTvelTa savaneebi saqarTveloSi
saqarTveloSi qristianobis saxelmwifo religiad
gamocxadebis Semdeg mwignobrobisa da swavla-ganaTlebis
centrebs eklesia-monastrebi warmoadgenda. yvela
monasterTan arsebobda skolebi da akademiebi, sadac
aswavlidnen wera-kiTxvas, galobas, saxarebis ganmartebas,
kaligrafias, wignis mxatvrul Semkulobasa da sxv. amas
garda, eklesia-monastrebSi iqmneboda originaluri da
sxvadasxva enebidan, upiratesad berZnulidan, iTargmneboda
literatura, xdeboda Zveli xelnawerebis gadawera da
Semkoba. saqarTveloSi aseTi kerebi IV saukunidan daarsda.
XII-XIII ss-Si Seiqmna ori didi saganmanaTleblo centri:
gelaTisa da iyalTos akademiebi.
Religious Communities in Georgia
After proclaiming Christianity the state religion in Georgia
churches and monasteries became centers of literacy and
education. Schools and academies were founded under
monasteries where reading and writing, psalm chanting,
explanation of the Gospels, calligraphy, artistic decoration
of books were taught. Besides, in the religious communities
of churches and monasteries original pieces of literature
were created as well as translated, primarily from Greek, old
manuscripts were rewritten and put in decorated binders.
Such cultural hotbeds have been founded in Georgia since
IV century. In XII-XIII centuries two major education centers
– Gelati and Ikalto Academies were set up.

30
paraskevi
FRIDAY

noemberi/NOVEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

1

SabaTi
SATURDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

bana
banas sakaTedro taZari qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebis iSvi­
aTi da unikaluri Zeglia. igi mdebareobs dRevandeli
TurqeTis teritoriaze, istoriul taoSi, Woroxis
xeobaSi, md. banas marjvena napirze. taZari warmoadgens
gumba­
Tian rotondas masSi Cawerili tetrakonqiT, ro­
melsac irgvliv gasdevs garsSemosavlelebi. taZris
SigniTa morTulobas Seadgens afsidis mrgvali svetebi
da originaluri svetisTavebi. banas taZris daTariRebaSi
azrTa sxvadasxvaobaa, zogni mas VIII saukuniT aTariReben,
zognic _ IX-X saukuneTa mijniT.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Bana
Bana Cathedral is a rare and one-of-a-kind monument of
the Georgian architecture. It is located in today’s Turkish
territory, in the historic region of Tao, in Chorokhi gorge, on
the right bank of river Bana. Cathedral is a dome rotonda with
built-in tetraconch encircled by ornaments. In the interior of
the Cathedral, round columns of apses and their original
tops create the decoration elements. There is difference of
opinions on the dating of Bana Cathedral. Some scholars
date it to VIII century, others date to the brink of IX-X cc.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

nabadi
nabadi moTelili matylisagan damzadebuli, win gaxsnili
mTliani wamosasxamia. igi qarTvelTa da sxva kavkasiel
xalxTa erovnuli kostiumis erT-erTi elementia. nabads
aqvs mTliani zurgi da kalTebi, Rrmad amoRebuli yeli
da ganieri mxrebi. daniSnulebis mixedviT mzaddeba
mokle an grZeli, msubuqi an mZime. nabdis warmoebis
qarTuli xalxuri tradiciebi bolo dromde kargad iyo
Semonaxuli ojaxebSi. am Sromatevad samuSaoSi Sedioda
matylis recxva, CeCva, „gawverguleba, SeTelva da sxva.
Nabadi
“Nabadi” (traditional Georgian cape) is the customary male
garb loose in the front and made of spinned wool. It is one
of the elements of National costume of Georgians and
other Caucasian peoples. “Nabadi” has whole back and
knees, deeply opened breast and squared off shoulders.
Depending on the purpose, it is made in longer or shorter,
light or heavy variants. The Georgian folk traditions of making
“Nabadi” have been preserved in our families until this day.
This exhaustive toil usually included washing of wool, then its
combing, spinning and other works.

2

kvira
sunday

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

3

orSabaTi
MONDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

konservatoria
Tbilisis vano sarajiSvilis saxelobis umaRlesi musi­
kaluri saswavlebeli Seiqmna pirveli musikalu­
ri
saswavleblis bazaze. saswavleblis Senobis asagebad
1891 wels anton rubinSteinis saqvelmoqmedo koncerti
Catarda da SemowirulobiT Segrovda Tanxa. am
saqmeSi didi wvlili Seitanes Zmebma zubalaSvilebma.
Segrovili TanxiT aigo saswavleblis Senoba, romelSic
1917 wels konservatoria gaixsna. 1921 wels TbilisSi,
filarmoniasTan arsebuli musikaluri saswavleblis
bazaze, gaixsna meore konservatoria (direqtori d.
arayiSvili). 1924 wels orive konservatoria gaerTianda
Tbilisis vano sarajiSvilis saxelobis konservatoriad.
Tbilisis saxelmwifo konservatoriaSi aRizarda araerTi
msoflio mniSvnelobis varskvlavi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Conservatoire
15.00.

The Tbilisi Vano Sarajishvili higher musical education college
was founded on the basis of the first Tbilisi music school.
To construct its building, in 1891 was held a charity recital
of Anton Rubinstein and thus collected necessary money.
Great contribution to this venture was made by brothers
Zubalashvili. Collected money was spent on construction of
the building where Conservatoire was inaugurated in 1917.
In 1921 a second conservatoire (director D. Arakishvili) was
opened in the building of a music college under Philharmonic
Society. In 1924 both conservatoires merged in one Tbilisi
Vano Sarajishvili Conservatoire. Tbilisi State Conservatoire
has educated many world-class stars.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

petriwonis monasteri
ucxoeTSi arsebuli qarTuli savaneebidan petriwonis
monasters erT-erTi gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs.
monasteri mdebareobs bulgareTSi, baCkovoSi, rodopis
mTis Crdilo kalTaze, zRvis donidan 400 m-ze. petriwonis
monasteri 1083 wels daaarses grigol bakurianisZem da misma Zmam abasma. maT monasters Seswires mTeli
TavianTi uZrav-moZravi qoneba. petriwonis monasterSi
moRvaweobdnen qarTveli berebi. grigolma aq daaarsa
seminaria, romelsac mdidari biblioTeka hqonda. iyo
dro, roca mas `wminda samebis monasters~ uwodebdnen.
1894 wels, monasteri wminda sinodis gadawyvetilebiT
gadaeca bulgareTis marTlmadideblur eklesias da mas
Zveli saxeli daubrunda.

4

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Petritsoni Monastery
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

GE T T

From Georgian religious communities existing overseas,
the Petritsoni monastery is one of the outstanding. The
monastery is located in Bulgaria, in Bachkovo, on the
northern slope of Rodopi mountains, at the altitude of
400 m. The Petritsoni monastery was founded in 1083 by
Grigol Bakurianis-dze and his brother Abas. They have
sacrificed their whole movable and immovable property to
the monastery. The Petritsoni monastery was the venue
where Georgian monks conducted their religious activity.
Grigol set up here a seminary with rich library. After Grigol
the monastery had different patrons. There were periods
when it was called ‘The Holy Trinity Monastery’. In 1894 on
the decision of St. Sinod the monastery was handed over to
the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and it was given again an old
name.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012

5

www.paata.ge

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

Satili
xevsureTis mSveneba, _ cixe-sofeli Satili mdebareobs
piri­
qiTa xevsureTSi, mdinareebis _ Satilis wylisa
da arRunis SesarTavTan, zRvis donidan 1000 metrze.
kompleqsi TariRdeba ganviTarebuli da gviandeli Sua
saukuneebiT. Satilis ansambli warmoadgens erTmaneTze
miwyobil cixe-saxlebs, romlebic erTmaneTTan ga­
sasvle­
lebiT aris dakavSirebuli da erTian saTavdacvo sistemas
qmnis. SatilSi sxva saintereso sakulto da TavdacviTi
Zeglebicaa, maTgan yuradRebas iqcevs soflis moSorebiT,
1,5 kilometrSi mdebare kompleqsi _ qaCus cixe, igive
Zveli Satili, romelic agreTve erT-erTi ulamazesi
ansamblia xevsureTSi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Shatili

14.00.

The charm of Khevsureti – the fortress hamlet of Shatili is
located in the northern Khevsureti, at the confluence of
rivers Shatilistskali and Arguni, 1000 meters above the sea
level. The complex dates to the advanced and late Middle
Ages. The Shatili compound comprises series of attached
fortress-houses linked with each other with corridors and
thus creating a unified defense system. In Shatili there are
also other interesting worship and defense monuments,
among them is worth mentioning a complex Kachus Tsikhe,
or Old Shatili, 1,5 km from the hamlet, which is one of the
most beautiful complexes in Khevsureti.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

goga Canadiris foto
PHOTO BY GOGA CHANADIRI

2012

xornabuji (kaxeTi)
xornabujis cixe-qalaqisa da saepiskoposo kaTedralis
daarseba vaxtang gorgaslis saxels ukavSirdeba. misi
memkvidre daCi, Weremsa da nekresTan erTad, kambeCovanis
mTavari qalaqis _ xornabujis mflobelad da damcvelad
iqca. xornabujis cixe-qalaqs yovelTvis didi strategiuli
mniSvneloba hqonda. xornabujs VI saukuneSi sparselebi,
XI saukuneSi ganZis amira flobda. XIII saukuneSi
monRolma sardalma berqa-yaenma cixe mniSvnelovnad
daaziana, XVII saukunis I meoTxedSi iranis Sahis, abas
I-is mier daniSnul, kaxeTis erTi nawilis gamgebels aq
rezidencia hqonda. 1625 wels cixe dampyroblebisagan
giorgi saakaZem gaaTavisufla.
Khornabuji (Kakheti region)
The foundation of a fortress town and Episcopal Cathedral
usually are linked with the name of Vakhtang Gorgasali. His
successor, Dachi, along with Cherem and Nekres, became an
owner and protector of the principal town of Kambechovani
– Khornabuji. The fortress town of Khornabuji always had
a big strategic importance. Khornabuji in VI century was
owned by Persians and in XI century by Emir of Gianja. In
XIII century Mongol commander, Berka-Khan, significantly
damaged the fortress. In the first quarter of XVII century the
ruler of one of the parts of Kakheti appointed by Shah Abbas
I of Iran, had a residence there. In 1625 Giorgi Saakadze
liberated the fortress from invaders.

6

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

7

paraskevi
FRIDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

vani (vanis raioni)
naqalaqar vans 12 heqtramde farTobi uWiravs. Zvelad,
antikur xanaSi, aq gadioda msoflio mniSvnelobis
didi savaWro gza. straboni vans mdidar sataZro
qalaqad moixseniebs, rasac mowmobs arqeologiuri
gaTxrebis monapovari. vanis naqalaqaris sxvadasxva
ubanze gamovlenilia mravali sakulto daniSnulebis
nageboba: taZari, mis win aRmarTuli sakurTxevliT, sadac
msxverplSewirva sruldeboda, aqvea sakulto Senoba; sxva
ubnebze gamovlinda _ qalaqis karibWe, sadac mfarveli
RvTaebis qandakeba idga, warmarTuli samlocvelo, Zv. w.
II saukunis mozaikuriatakiani taZari da sxv. naqalaqarSi
aRmoCenilia Zv. w. V-IV saukuneebis mdidruli samarxebi.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Vani (Vani district)

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Vani settlements spread on 12 hectares. In ancient
period, there was a world trade route.Strabo(a Greek
historian,geographer and philosopher) mentioned Vani as a
rich temple town,which is proved by archeological finds in
the settlements.Survey and excavation at a number of sites
have yielded remains extending in date from the Early Bronze
Age to the medieval period. There have been detected many
cult buildings: church and the altar erected in front of it
where the sacrifices performed.And there is also “the cult”
in the other parts. There were found “city gate”, sanctuaries
and cultic buildings (temples,altars sacrificial platforms) and
the remains of a foundry of castling bronze statues (II c BC)
and others. Of special interest are a number of settlements
and rich graves coincident with the main occupation of Vani
(V-VI c BC)

mariam axalaZis foto
PHOTO BY MARIAM AKHALADZE

2012

xinkali
xinkali qarTvelebis erT-erTi yvelaze sayvareli saWme­
lia. bolo xanebSi, man turistebs Sorisac aranak­
lebi popularoba moipova. Znelia moiZebnos iseTi
adamiani, romelsac erTxel mainc daugemovnebia xinkali
da kvlav ar gasCenia misi mirTmevis survili. xinkali
aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTianeTis kerZia. igi mzaddeba
xorblis fqvilisa da xorcisagan. patara, wris formebad
gabrtyelebul comSi aTavseben winaswar Sezavebul
saqonlisa (cxvris) da Roris xorcis narevs, Semdeg Tavs
ukraven da xarSaven. aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTianeTSi
arc erTi saxalxo dResaswauli ar tardeba xinklis
gareSe. xinkali fasobs Tavis mokvrisas bevri naoWis
ostaturad, erT wertilSi SekvriT Ada wveniT, romelic
Sig grovdeba.

8

SabaTi
SATURDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Khinkali
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

Khinkali (Georgian dumplings) is one of the most favored
dish for the Georgians. Recently it has gained not less
popularity among visiting tourists. It is hardly possible
to find such human being who at least once has tasted
Khinkali and does not want to do it again. Khinkali is the
dish of east Georgian mountaineers. It is made of wheat
flour and red meat. In a small-circled and flattened forms
of dough is placed seasoned minced beaf (mutton) and
pork mixture, then dumpling is assembled at the top and
boiled. Not a single folk festival is arranged without Khinkali
in mountainous eastern Georgia. Khinkali has a high value if
it has many pleats skilfully connected in one point at the top
and is juicy inside.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

9

kvira
sunday

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

xanuqa
25 qislevs ebraelebi aRniSnaven xanuqas _ religiur
dResaswauls, romelic Zv.w. II saukuneSi dawesda. dRe­
saswauli ukavSirdeba ebraelebis mier mtrebze
gamarjvebas da im saswauls, roca taZarSi erTi dRis
samyofi wmida zeTi rva dRis ganmavlobaSi enTo. amitom,
rva dRis ganmavlobaSi sasanTleze (menora) TiTo sanTeli
inTeba.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Hanukkah – Jewish Festival of Lights
On Kislev 25 the Jews commemorate the religious holiday
of Hanukkah which was introduced in II c. BC. This holiday
celebrates victory of the Jews over their enemies and a
miracle when they found only a single container with enough
oil to keep the Menorah in the Temple lit for a single day,
yet it burned for eight days. That is why one candle in the
Menorah is lit for eight days.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

velo
T

gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

2012

svaneTi
saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi kuTxe -_ svaneTi kavka­
sionis samxreT-dasavleT nawilSi mdebareobs da or
nawilad -_ zemo da qvemo svaneTad iyofa. zemo svaneTi
Setanilia iuneskos msoflios bunebrivi da istoriuli
memkvi­
dreobis ZeglTa nusxaSi. adreul saukuneebSi, sva­
neTi kolxeTis SemadgenlobaSi Sedioda. aq mravlad
SexvdebiT unikaluri freskebiT Semkul, adrindeli da
Sua feodaluri xanis, xuroTmoZRvrebis Zeglebsa da
salo­cavebs, Sua saukuneebis svanur koSkebsa da sxva uamrav
siZve­
les. svaneTSia kavkasionis umTavresi mwvervalebi:
Sxara (5068m.), TeTnuldi (4853m.), uSba (4700m.) da sxva.

10

orSabaTi
MONDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Svaneti
One of the formidable regions of Georgia, Svaneti, is located
on the south-western part of Kavkasioni (Greater Cuacasus)
Mountains and is divided into two parts – Upper Svaneti
and Lower Svaneti. Architectural and natural monuments
of Upper Svaneti are included in a list of UNESCO World
Heritage Sites. In earlier ages Svaneti was part of ancient
Colchis. One can see here a lot of architectural monuments
and chapels of antique and medieval ages rich with
exceptional frescoes, Svan towers of Middle Ages and
many other antiques. In Svaneti there are major summits of
Kavkasioni: Shkhara (5068), Tetnuldi (4853), Ushba (4700)
and others.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

11

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

dedaboZi
qarTuli darbazuli saxlis centraluri boZi, romelsac
eyrdnoboda gvirgviniani gadaxurva, mzaddeboda mTliani
xisgan gamoTlili didi svetisgan. mas dedaboZi ewodeboda.
masze gamosaxavdnen geometriul ornamentebs, wreSi
Caxatul mzis sxivian figuras _ borjRals, frinvelebs,
cxovelebs da xes, romelic samyaros `sicocxlis xis~
simboloa da yvela sknelis erTianobasac gamosaxavs.
xalxis warmodgeniT, darbazuli saxlis kera, dedaboZi
da gvirgvini erT kompleqss Seadgenda da ojaxis wminda
adgilad iyo miCneuli. yvela rituali saxlSi dedaboZisa
da keris garSemo sruldeboda. arqeologiuri monacemebiT,
sacxovreblis wminda svetebis Tayvaniscema saqarTvelos
teritoriaze jer kidev adreul samiwaTmoqmedo xanaSi
yofila gavrcelebuli.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Dedabodzi
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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366

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

The Georgian hall-style house has a traditional carrying
central pillar which was a major support structure for the so
called crown roofing. It was a big column cut from a onepiece wood trunk and was called Dedabodzi. It was used for
displaying geometrical ornaments, a figure placed within the
circle with sun beams – borjgali, birds, animals and a tree
which is a symbol of ‘Tree of Life’ for the world as a symbol
of unity in the terrestrial world. In the notion of the people, a
hearth, Dedabodzi and crown roofing of the hall house made
up an integrated complex and was considered a consecrated
place for the family. All rituals in the house were performed
around Dedabodzi and hearth. Archeological excavations
provide proof that worship of holy columns of an abode on
the territory of Georgia has been distributed since the early
farming era.

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

qarTvelTa savaneebi ucxoeTSi
saqarTveloSi didi samonastro mSenebloba, VI saukunis
Sua wlebSi, siriidan aTcameti asureli mamis mosvlas
ukavSirdeba, qveynis farglebs gareT ki _ petre iberis
saxels. man V saukuneSi Tavis moZRvarTan, ioane lazTan
erTad ierusalimSi, egviptesa da palestinaSi daaarsa
qarTuli monastrebi; VI saukuneSi dafuZnda sabawmidis
monasteri; IX saukuneSi mcire aziaSi, ulumbos mTaze,
monasteri daaarsa ilarion qarTvelma; X saukuneSi
safuZveli Caeyara aTonis iverTa monasters. saqarTvelos
kulturul cxovrebaSi didi roli iTamaSa XI s. daarse­
bulma ierusalimis jvris monasterma. imave saukuneSi
qarTvelTa samonastro kompleqsebi aRmocenda Sav mTaze,
baCkovoSi da kunZul kviprosze _ JaliaSi.

12

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian Religious Communities overseas
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

GE T T

O

366

velo
T

In the middle of VI century wide-scale monastery construction
in Georgia was boosted by arrival of Thirteen Assyrian Monks
from Syria. Overseas this process is linked with Peter the
Iberian. In V century together with his mentor, Ioane Lazi,
he founded Georgian monasteries in Jerusalem, Egypt and
Palestine; in the VI century the monastery of St. Saba was
founded, and in the IX century, in Asia Minor, on the mountain
of Ulumbo, Ilarion the Iberian founded a monastery; in X
century the Holy Monastery of Iviron on Mount Athos was
built. In the cultural life of Georgia the outstanding role was
played by the Jerusalem Monastery of the Cross founded in XI
century. In the same period Georgian monastery complexes
emerged on the Black mountain in Bachkovo, Bulgaria, and in
Gialia, Island of Cyprus.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

13

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

vaxtang gorgasali
Znelia saqarTvelos istoriaSi iseTi mefis moZebna, ro­
melmac imdeni axali eklesia aaSena da imdeni axali qalaqi
daaarsa, ramdenic mefe vaxtang gorgasalma. qarTlis
samefom da qristianobam gansakuTrebul siZlieres mi­
si mefobis dros (442-502 ww.) miaRwia. vaxtang mefis
mier ganxorcielebuli saeklesio reformebis Sedegad,
qar­
Tuli qristianuli eklesia avtokefaluri gaxda, man
moipova kaTolikosis damoukideblad arCevis ufleba.
qveynis istoriaSi pirveli kaTolikosi petre gaxda.
vaxtang mefis muzaradze farnavazianTa sagvareulo
emblema -–mgeli iyo gamosaxuli, amitom sparselebma
mas `mglisTava~ anu `gorg-a-sari~“Searqves. ase daibada
zedsaxeli – gorgasali, vaxtang mefe ki istoriaSi Sevida,
rogorc mefe vaxtang gorgasali.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Vakhtang Gorgasali
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

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It is difficult to find any other king in the history of Georgia
who commissioned construction of so many churches and
built so many towns as Vakhtang Gorgasali. The kingdom
of Kartli and the Christendom attained the biggest prowess
during his tenure (442-501). Religious church reforms of
king Vakhtang resulted in autocephaly of the Georgian
Orthodox Church. It gained the right to independently elect
its Catholicos. The first Catholicos in the history of the nation
was Peter. On the helmet of king Vakhtang was the family
emblem of the House of Parnavaz – wolf, therefore the
Persians dubbed him ‘wolfhead’, or ‘Gorg-a’sari’. So was
born the nickname – Gorgasali while king Vakhtang went
down to history as king Vakhtang Gorgasali.

www.mtavari.ge

2012

qarTuli sabrZolo xelovneba
saqarTvelos istoria brZolebis istoriaa. amitom, bu­
nebri­
via, rom qarTvelma erma, mdidar sulier da mate­
rialur kulturasTan erTad, Seqmna da ganaviTara
sabrZo­
lo xelovneba. droTa ganmavlobaSi sabrZolo
xelov­
neba TandaTan daviwyebas mieca. 1980-iani wlebidan
enTu­
ziastTa mcire jgufma, kaxaber zarnaZis xelmZRva­
nelobiT, xeli mohkida qarTuli sabrZolo xelovnebis
aRdgenas. araerTi eqspediciisa da xangrZlivi kvlevaZiebis Sedegad dReisaTvis Seswavlili da aRdgenilia unikaluri qarTuli sabrZolo xelovneba, romlis ZiriTadi
doqtrinaa `sibrZne, simarTle, Zala~; droSa -_ daviT
Seneblis droSa -_ wmida giorgi TeTr fonze, xolo
aRma­
niSani -_ xuTi jvrisgan Semdgari simbolo -_ `xatisxati~.

14

paraskevi
FRIDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Georgian Martial Arts
Georgian history is the history of battles.Therefore it is natural
that the Georgian nation along with rich spiritual and material
culture created and developped Martial Arts. In the course of
time Martial Arts gardually fell into a torpor. Since 1980-ies
a small group of enthusiasts headed by Kakhaber Zarnadze
started reviving of the Georgian Martial Arts. As a result of
a plethora of expeditions and long research work, many
unique types of Georgian Martial Arts have been revitalized.
The basic mantra of the Georgian Martial Arts is ‘Wisdom,
Truth, Strength’, its banner is king David Agmashenebeli
banner displaying St. George on the white background, and
the badge is a five-cross symbol ‘Khatiskhati’ (icon of icons).

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2012
baqar metrevelis foto
PHOTO BY BAQAR METREVELI

15
SabaTi
SATURDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

ananuri (duSeTis raioni)
ananuris ansambli erT-erTi saukeTeso Zeglia gvianfeo­
daluri xanis qarTul xuroTmoZRvrebaSi. kompleqsi
aerTianebs RvTismSoblis mTavar taZars (XVII s),
`RvTaebis~ eklesias (XVII s.), piramidul saxuravian koSks
(XVI s), galavns da sxva nagebobebs. galavnis dasavleTiT
dgas SvidsarTuliani, didi zomis koSki, romelic `Seu­
povaris~ saxeliTaa cnobili. mTavari taZris fasadebs
amSvenebs mravalferovani reliefi, kar-sarkmlebs lamazi
CuqurTma amkobs. interierSi SemorCenilia moxatulobis
fragmentebi, sadac warmodgenilni arian wmindanebi, maT
Soris aTcameti asureli mama. ananuri Zlier feodalebs
_ aragvis erisTavebs ekuTvnoda; simagre mravali brZolis
momswrea.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Ananuri (Dusheti district)
Ananuri fortified ensemble – one of the best monuments of
Georgian architecture in the end of feudal era.The complex
includes the main church of Virgin Mary (XVII century),
a minor church of Gvtaeba (XVII century), a tower with a
stepped pyramidal roof (XVI century), tower Sheupovari.
The main temple is decorated with many reliefs, The doors
and windows are depicted with beautiful ornaments. The
wall paintings contain the depiction of Thirteen Assyrian
Fathers (prominent ecclesiastic figures), which represent a
convincible evidence of the study of iconography of these
figures. Ananuri was a castle and seat of the Eristavi (Dukes)
of Aragvi, a feudal dynasty which ruled that area. The castle
was the scene of numerous battles.

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18.00.

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dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

kosmosSi gagzavnili simRera `Cakrulo~
qarTvelma xalxma, romlis kulturac uxsovari droidan
iRebs saTaves, mdidari mxatvruli memkvidreoba Seqmna.
masSi gamorCeuli adgili ukavia qarTul xalxur
mravalxmian simReras. qarTuli simRera iuneskom aRiara
msoflio polifoniis Sedevrad; 1977 wels nasam qarTuli
xalxuri simRera `Cakrulo~ kosmosSi gagzavna. qarTuli
xalxuri simRerisa da cekvis saxelmwifo ansamblis mier
(xelmZRvaneli: anzor kavsaZe) Sesrulebuli simRera
`Cakrulo~, (solistebi: ilia zaqaiZe da rostom
saginaSvili) msoflios 25 saukeTeso simRerasTan erTad,
gascda mzis sistemas da galaqtikaSi miikvlevs gzas.
The song “Chakrulo” sent into Space
The Georgian people whose culture stems from deep
ages have created rich artistic heritage. Very special
place in this culture goes to the Georgian folk multi-voice
songs. UNESCO acknowledged the Georgian song as the
masterpiece of the world’s vocal polyphony. Therefore
nobody should have been surprised at the fact that NASA
dispatched the Georgian folk song ʺChakruloʺ to open space
in 1977. The song performed by the Georgian Folk Song and
Dance Ensemble (director: Anzor Kavsadze and soloists: Ilia
Zakaidze and Rostom Saginashvili) together with 25 other
world heritage songs transcended the planetary system and
continues to flight in the Galaxy.

16
kvira
sunday

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

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18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

17

orSabaTi
MONDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

barbaroba
wmida barbare bavSvTa mfarvelad iTvleba, radgan qristes
sarwmunoebisaTvis igi sul axalgazrda, daaxloebiT
17 wlis asakSi, wamebiT aResrula. barbarobas dRes
saqarTveloSi bedobasac uwodeben. diliT, ojaxis ufrosi
adre adgeba da saxlSi RerRils an brinjs moabnevs, raTa
momdevno wlis ganmavlobaSi ojaxSi Semosavali iyos,
saqoneli da frinveli momravldes, xvavi da baraqa ar
moakldes ojaxs.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Barbaroba
13.00.

St. Barbara is considered to be the patron of children, since
she found demise as a martyr for the faith of Christ in a very
early age, at 17. On the feast of St. Barbara which is called
in Georgia Barbaroba is also celebrated as the Day of Luck.
The elder of the family wakes up early in the morning and
scatters grain and rice around the house to bless the family
with the bounty for the future year, reproduction of cattle
and fowls and ensure that affluence for the family will hold.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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ana Cangiania foto
PHOTO BY ANACHANGIANI

2012

Teqa
saqarTveloSi mecxvareoba jer kidev Cvens welTaRricxvamde
iyo ganviTarebuli. uZvelesi droidanaa cnobili saxorcesamatyle jiSis cxvari, romelic yvelaze metad TuSeTSi
iyo gavrcelebuli. matylisgan mzaddeboda: noxi, nabadi,
qudi, qeCa, faCuCebi. Teqa moTelili matylis safeni qeCaa.
saqarTveloSi mas istoriulad amzadebdnen TuSeTSi,
kaxeTSi, xevsa da javaxeTSi. mwyemsebi da mecxvareebi
mTabarobisas Teqas iyenebdnen karvebis gadasaxurad. TuSuri
Teqa gamoirCeoda martivi da daxvewili ornamentebiT.
Tavdapirvelad, nawarmi mzaddeboda bunebrivi ferebiT:
TeTriT, yavisfriT, SaviT. mogvianebiT, daaxloebiT V-VI
saukuneebidan ki Cndeba SeRebili matyli, kerZod: wiTeli
_ endroTi, Sindisferi _ kuneliT, mwvane _ kaklis
wengoTi da sxva.

18

samSabaTi
TUESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Teka
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

gaicani saqar

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366

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T

Sheep breeding in Georgia was pursued from antique times.
Sheep of a special breed rich with meat and wool was known
from ancient period and was distributed in Tusheti. Wool was
used to make carpets, nabadi (Georgian cape), hat, thick felt,
house slippers. Teka is a matted thick wool felt. Historically
it was made in the Georgian regions of Tusheti, Kakheti,
Khevi and Javakheti. Shepherds and sheep-breeders used
Teka as roofing for tents in the mountains. Tusheti Teka was
distinguished with simple and subtle ornaments. Initially
Teka was made in natural colors: white, brown and black.
Later, from V-VI centuries were found painted specimens of
Teka, namely: red – making paints from madder, light-red –
from hawthorn, and green – from nut pericarp.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

19

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

zezva da mzia
dmanisis arqeologiuri gaTxrebiT gamovlinda paleo­
liTis, neoliTis, brinjaos xanisa da sxva periodis siZve­
leebis nairsaxeoba. aqve aRmoCenili uZvelesi adamianis
naSTebs Soris iyo pirvelyofili adamianis Tavis qalebi
da qveda yba. specialistebis azriT, dmanisSi adamianebi 1
800 000 wlis winaT cxovrobdnen, rac imas niSnavs, rom
isini evropis kontinentze mosaxle pirvel adamianebad,
`pirvel evropelebad~ unda CaiTvalon. kompiuteris
meSveobiT Seiqmna aRmoCenili Tavis qalebis maketi da
damzadda maTi mulaJebi, romlebsac saxelebic SeurCies.
mulaJebi daamzada frangma mkvlevarma elisabed deinesma.
msoflio arqeologiur wreebSi dmanisel adamianebs
zezvasa da mzias saxelebiT icnoben.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Zezva and Mzia
Dmanisi archeological excavations have discovered the
host of items belonging to Paleolithic, Neolithic, Bronze and
other ages. Here were also unearthed skulls and lower jaw of
primitive hominids. Specialists think that humans in Dmanisi
lived about 1 800 000 years ago that means they should
be recognized as the first humans living on the European
continent. Computer software created the mock-up of the
discovered skulls and then cast models were made and
even names given. Models were made by a French scholar,
Elisabeth Deynes. In the archeological community of the
world the Dmanisi hominids are known as Zezva and Mzia.

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gaicani saqar

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K NOW GEORGIA

eka lomiZis foto
PHOTO BY EKA LOMIDZE

2012

Tbilisis sajaro biblioTeka
Tbilisis sajaro biblioTeka daarsda 1846 wels. wignT­
sacavSi daarsebas qarTuli sazogadoebis didi mxardaWera
hqonda. 1842 wels, dimitri yifianis iniciativiT,
TbilisSi gaixsna `kerZo saamxanago biblioTeka~, swored
aq arsebuli wignebi gadaeca 1848 wels axaldaarsebul
sajaro biblioTekas. masSi aseve Sevida qarTvelTa Soris
wera-kiTxvis gamavrcelebeli sazogadoebis biblioTekis
fondi da samegrelos mTavris, daviT dadianis piradi
biblioTekis nawili. biblioTekaSi daculia pirveli
nabeWdi qarTuli wignebi: aq aris 1629 wels romSi
gamocemuli `qarTul-italiuri leqsikoni~. biblioTeka
flobs vaxtang VI-is mier TbilisSi daarsebul pirvel
stambaSi dabeWdili gamocemebis srul koleqcias. 2000
wlidan biblioTeka atarebs ilia WavWavaZis saxels.

20

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Tbilisi Public Library
15.00.

16.00.

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18.00.

O

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Tbilisi Public Library was founded in 1846. The Georgian
society has given a full support to the foundation of the
Library. In 1842 on the initiative of Dimitri Kipiani ‘Private
Library Partnership’ was opened in Tbilisi. The books from
the depository of this Partnership were the first to be handed
over to the newly-found Public Library in 1848. The Public
Library also got to its depository the books from library of
the Foundation for Promotion of Literacy among Georgians
and part of the books from private liobrary of the Samegrelo
ruler, David Dadiani. The Public Library is a custodian of the
first printed Georgian books, like Georgian-Italian Dictionary
published in 1629 in Rome. The Library owns full collection
of first publications of the printing house founded in Tbilisi by
king Vakhtang VI. In 2000 the Public Library was named after
Ilia Chavchavadze.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT abramiSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID ABRAMISHVILI

21

paraskevi
FRIDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

boSebi
cnobilia, rom saqarTveloSi erovnuli umciresobebi
cxovroben. boSebi, albaT, yvelaze cotani arian. qveynis
sxvadasxva mxareSi, daaxloebiT, 1 500 boSaa. yvelaze
bevri TbilisSi cxovrobs. isini gvxvdebian quTaisSi,
aseve, afxazeTSi da dRes isinic devnilebi arian.
regionebidan yvelaze didi dasaxleba dedofliswyaroSia,
sofel leninovkaSi, sadac boSebi pirvelad 1945 wels
Casaxlebulan. leninovkis mosaxleobis 70% rusia,
danarCeni boSebi, romelTa umravlesi nawili mkiTxaobiT
irCens Tavs, axalgazrdebis nawili Tbilisis bazrobebze
vaWrobs. samwuxarod, bevri maTxovrobs kidec. rogorc
amboben, leninovkeli boSebi qristianulad inaTlebian.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Romani people

14.00.

It is well known that there are national minorities in Georgia.
Romani people are possibly in the least numbers among
them. There are some 1500 Romanis living in various
regions of Georgia. Most of them are in Tbilisi. Some of
them live in Kutaisi and also used to live in Abkhazia and are
also refugees today. The biggest settlement of Romanis
among the regions today is in the village of Leninovka in
Dedoplistskaro region where Romanis settled first in 1945.
The 70% of the residents of Leninovka are Russians and the
rest are Romani most of whom make their living by telling
fortunes and part of the youth are engaged in trade at Tbilisi
outdoor markets. Unfortunately, many of them are begging.
As the hearsay goes, some of the Leninovka Romanis have
been evangelized Christians.

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

alaverdis oTxTavi
alaverdis oTxTavi uTargmnia eqvTime mTawmindels;
1053 wels gadauweriaT giorgisa da miqaels; xelnaweri
Sesrulebulia etratze (24X18 sm); morTulia kamarebiT,
TavsarTebiT, oTxi maxareblis gamosaxulebiT da xuTi
miniaturiT, romlebic ioane dvals Seusrulebia.
oTxTavis ydis wina mxare damzadebulia oqronarevi
vercxlisagan, mis centrSi moTavsebulia qristes
ferweruli gamosaxuleba; ydis zeda marjvena kuTxeSi
ki XI saukunis patara minanqruli xati wm. giorgis
gamosaxulebiT. yda Semkulia Zvirfasi qvebiT. ydis ukana
mxares ki gamosaxuli yofila RvTismSobeli yrmiT,
romelic amJamad aRar ikiTxeba.
Four Gospels of Alaverdi
The Four Gospels of Alaverdi were translated by Ekvtime
Mtatsmindeli; they were rewritten by Giorgi and Michael in
1053; manuscript is made on parchment (24 x 18 cm) and is
decorated with arches, framings, images of four angels and
five miniatures painted by Ioane Dvali. The front part of the
cover of Four Gospels is made of silver mixed with gold with
the painted image of Christ in the center; in the high right
corner of the cover is placed an icon of St. George made
of porcelain enamel. The cover is adorned with precious
stones. The back side of the cover used to be adorned with
the icon of Virgin Mary with a boy which is no more visible
today

22
SabaTi
SATURDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

23
kvira
sunday

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

qarTuli fuli
qarTuli samoneto kultura erT-erTi uZvelesia
msoflioSi. Zv. w. VI saukuneSi kolxeTSi moiWra
vercxlis monetebi, romlebsac `kolxuri TeTris~ sa­
xeliT vicnobT. mas didi mniSvneloba aqvs saqarTvelos
istoriisaTvis. arsebobs kolxuri TeTris ramdenime
tipi. Cvenamde moRweulTa Soris yvelaze didia egreT
wodebuli tetradraqma, romelzec gamosaxulia: Sublze
_ lomis Tavi, zurgze _kvadratSi moTavsebuli frTosani
raSi. Semdegi moneta warmoadgens didraqmas: Sublze
lomi, zurgze_ xarisTaviani adamianis figura. didraqmiani
monetebi ramdenime tipisaa. yvela es moneta iSviaTobas
warmoadgens.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Georgian money

14.00.

Georgian monetary culture –on of the oldest in the world.
In the VI century BC in Colkhi was cut the silver coin, which
now is known as a “Colhcian Tetri”. It has a great importance
for the history.There are several types of Colchian Tetri. The
biggest one which survived is so named “Tetradraqma” with
a “lion head” on its forehead and a flying horse on the back
side. The next coin is a great “raqma”:a lion on the forehead,
and Capricorn like human fugure-on the back side.These
coins are several types. All these coins are rare .

15.00.

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17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

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gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

talavari
xevsurebma TiTqmis Cven dromde Semoinaxes TavianTi kuTxis
samoseli -_ `talavari~. talavari qalisa da mamakacis
samosis saerTo saxelia. igi ZiriTadad lurji an Savi
naqsovi Salisagan aris Sekerili, romelsac xevsuri
qalebi keravdnen da Wreli, ufaqizesi ornamentuli
naqargiT rTavdnen.
Talavari
The residents of the region of Khevsureti until this day have
preserved the attire of their land which is called Talavari. It is
a common designation for the garb of both men and women.
It is usually tailored from blue or black knitted wool with very
subtle ornamental embroidery traditionally made by women
of Khevsureti.

24
orSabaTi
MONDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

25
samSabaTi
TUESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

kaTolikuri eklesia TbilisSi
Tbilisis mariam RvTismSoblis amaRlebis kaTolikuri
kaTedraluri taZari 1804 wels aaSena. 1937 wels eklesia
gauqmda. misi amoqmedeba 1999 wlis 15 agvistos, romis
papis, ioane-pavle II-is saqarTveloSi vizitisas gaxda
SesaZlebeli. dRes taZarSi sxvadasxva mesebi aResruleba:
qarTul-laTinuri, somxuri, asuro-qalduri, polonurlaTinuri, berZnuli, germanuli da a.S.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Catholic Church
The Catholic Cathedral of the Ascension of Holy Mary in
Tbilisi was built in 1804. In 1937 the church was liquidated.
The renewed operation of the church became possible only
from August 15, 1999, when the Roman Pope, John Paul II,
visited Georgia. Today Cathedral provides mass in different
languages: Georgian-Latin, Armenian, Assyrian-Chaldean,
Polish-Latin, Greek, German, etc.

13.00.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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gaicani saqar

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

bediis barZimi
bediis samonastro kompleqsi mdebareobs afxazeTSi, oCam­
Ciridan 25 km-Si, sofel bediis centrSi. istoriuli cno­biT,
bediis taZari 999 wels erTiani saqarTvelos pirvel mefes,
bagrat III-s augia. swored am taZarSi arian dakrZalulni
bagrat III da misi deda, dedofali guranduxti. maT bediis
monastrisaTvis sagangebod da­
umza­
debiaT da SeuwiravT
oqros barZimi _ saeklesio WurWeli, masiuri mrgvali
formis bajaRlo oqros Tasi, qarTuli oqromWedlobis
unikaluri Zegli. misi simaRle 12,5 sm-ia, diametri -_ 14
sm. samwuxarod, barZimis sadgari dakargulia. misi gare
zedapiri svetebze dayrdnobili TaRediT dayofilia 12
ared, TiToeul maTganSi TiTo figuraa gamosaxuli _ erT
mxares taxtze mjdomi qriste, meore mxares RvTismSobeli
yrmiT, aqeT-iqeT ki fexze mdgomi wmidanebi.

26

oTxSabaTi
WEDNESDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Chalice of Bedia
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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The Monastery complex of Bedia is located in Abkhazia,
25 km from Ochamchire, in the center of the village of
Bedia. According to the chronicles, Bedia cathedral was
commissioned to build by Bagrat III, the first king of the
United Georgia, in 999. King Bagrat III and his mother, queen
Gurandukht, after their death were interred in this cathedral.
They have purposefully made and handed over to the Bedia
monastery Gold Chalice, a church utensil, a big massive
round cup made of pure gold which is a unique specimen
of the Georgian goldsmith craftsmanship. It is 12,5 cm in
height and has a diameter of 14 cm. Regrettably, the stand
of the Chalice was lost. Its outer surface with arches based
on columns is arranged in twelve areas with one figure in
each area – on the one side Christ sitting on the throne, on
the other Virgin Mary with a boy, and standing Saints in other
areas.

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

27

xuTSabaTi
THURSDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

Zalisi (mcxeTis raioni)
naqalaqari Zalisi mdebareobs mcxeTis raionSi, soflis
aRmosavleTiT, muxranis velze. TariRdeba Zv. w. II _ ax.
w. VIII saukuneebiT. dRes naqalaqari moqceulia minis
pavilionSi. aq gaTxrebiT gamovlinda taZar-sasaxlisa
da abanos kompleqsebi. abanos nagebobani sxvadasxva
samSeneblo periods: _ I-II da II-IV saukuneebs ganekuTvneba;
igi Sedgeba erTmaneTTan dakavSirebuli cxeli, Tbili da
civi ganyofilebebisagan. taZris kompleqsSi yuradRebas
iqcevs iatakze 12 feris kenWebisgan Sedgenili mozaika.
aq gamosaxulni arian dionise, ariadne, RvTaeba pani,
qnarze damkvreli figurebi, frTosani RvTaebebi da sxva.
mozaikaze gamosaxulia `dionises saxli~, sadac dionises
kultTan dakavSirebuli rituali sruldeboda.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Dzalisi (Mtskheta district)
Dzalisi is a city-site situated in Kartli,to the east of Dzalisi
village, on the territory of Mukhrani field. According to the
scientists,the city existed here from the II century BC till the
VIII century AD.Complexes of temple-palace and bathhouse
have been excavated at the site. The bathhouses were
built in different periods (I-II and II-IV centuries) and were
interconnected with the hot,warm and cold departments.The
temple complex attracts by the floor mosaic consisting of 12
colored stones.Here are images of Dionysus,Ariadne,idols
,feathered horses and etc.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

gamomcemloba `ustaris~ fotoarqivi
Ustari Publishing photo archive

2012

CurCxela
qarTuli saaxalwlo sufris mSvenebaa CurCxela _ ro­
mel­
sac nigvzisa da badagis -_ yurZnis daduRebuli
wvenisgan amzadeben. jer badagisa da puris fqvilisgan
TaTaras moaduReben da Semdeg Zafze acmul kaklis
daWril lebnebs amoavleben, gakideben xarixaze da haerze
aSroben. CurCxelebis amovlebis rituali rTvelis Semdeg
tardeba da yvelasaTvis sayvarel saojaxo dResaswaulad
iTvleba. kaklis mTliani gulisgan gakeTebul CurCxelas
`gorgomiWelas~ eZaxian. aseve ician Txilis CurCxelebi,
oRond TaTaraSi puris fqvilis magivrad simindis
fqvils iyeneben, mas guriaSi `janjuxas~ eZaxian. CurCxela
Zalze kaloriuli da noyieri sakvebia, amitomacA ZveladO
saqarTveloSi mas omSi wasul meomrebs sakvebad atandnen.

28
paraskevi
FRIDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Churchkhela
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

O

366

velo
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gaicani saqar

GE T T

“Churchkhela” is the centerpiece of the Georgian New
Year table party which is made of simmering grapes must
(badagui), walnuts and flour. From badagui and wheat
flour first is prepared a thickened juice (tatara) and then
threaded cut walnut kernels onto a string are dipped into the
juicy matter. Then the sausage-like “Churchkhela” hangs
on tenterhooks in the open air to dry. The ritual of dipping
“Churchkhela” into the thick juice is usually held after Rtveli
(grapes harvest) and is considered the lovely family festive
occasion. “Churchkhela” made of full-size walnut kernels is
called “Gorgomichela”. “Churchkhela” is made also from
hazelnuts but in making tatara instead of wheat flour is used
maize flour. It is called “Janjukha” in Guria. “Churchkhela” is
a food rich with calories. That is why in the past in Georgia
soldiers going to combat were given “Churchkhelas” as
wholesome nutrients during warfare.

DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
www.paata.ge

29
SabaTi
SATURDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

qarTuli sufra
qarTuli sufra, miT umetes, Tu ki igi sazeimod
iSleba, sacivis gareSe warmoudgenelia. tradiciaa, rom
saaxalwlo sufras indauris sacivi unda amSvenebdes.
aseve, Semwvari goWic. saaxalwlo sufras sacivis garda
amSvenebs xaWapuri. saqarTveloSi DZalian gavrcelebulia
nigvziani saWmelebi, ZiriTadad fxaleuli. mWadi, Romi,
elarji dasavleT saqarTveloSia popularuli, ZiriTadad
samegreloSi. mwvadi sufris mSvenebaa. sufraze is SemoaqvT
rogorc Samfurze acmuli, aseve, kecze Semwvari.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

Georgian Supra

13.00.

Georgian supra (feast) notably laid for the festive occasion
is hardly imaginable without satsivi (walnut sauce). It is a
tradition that a New Year supra should be adorned with
turkey in satsivi. Likewise, the same goes to a grilled piglet.
Other than satsivi, the trappings of the New Year supra also
include khachapuri. Dishes made with such ingredient as
walnuts are very popular in Georgia, mainly they are widely
represented in pkhaleuli – dishes with variety of plants and
walnuts. In Western Georgia, especially Samegrelo, popular
dishes are mchadi (corn bread), gomi, elarji (corn gruel).
Mtsvadi is a real beauty of the feast. It is served on the table
either skewered or fried on ketsi (clay pan).

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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K NOW GEORGIA

2012

30
kvira
sunday

dekemberi/DECEMBER

cekva `qarTuli~
qoreografiis mravalma specialistma da msoflio presam
cekva `qarTuls~ `satrfialo poema~ uwoda. mecnierulad
Seswavlili cekvis modeli gaazrebulia, rogorc qalvaJis universaluri dueti. es cekva qarTuli xalxuri
qoreografiis mwvervalad SeiZleba CaiTvalos. qarTuli
qoreografiis Tavkacma daviT javriSvilma SeimuSava
egreT wodebuli cekvis anbani da cekva `qarTulis~ yvela
ileTi ise dawera, rom mas SeunarCuna pirvandeli saxe;
amitom mas yvela Semsrulebeli erTnairad asrulebs.
cekva `qarTuli~ saqarTveloSi yvelaze gavrcelebuli
cekvaa. mas asrulebs yvela nefe-dedofali.

09.00.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

Dance Kartuli
Many specialists of choreography and the world media
dubbed the Georgian dance Kartuli ‘A Love Poem’. The
scientific study of the dance model was determined as a
universal duo of a woman and a man. This dance may be
considered an apex of the Georgian folk choreography. The
mastermind of the folk Georgian dancing, David Javrishvili,
has worked out so called dancing ABC and so fully expressed
every movement of dance Kartuli that preserved the dance
in its initial mode; therefore, it is performed by all dancers in
one and the same manner. Dance Kartuli in Georgia is the
most popular. Every bride and groom in Georgia perform it
at the wedding party.

14.00.

15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

GE T T

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366

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dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

2012
daviT xizaniSvilis foto
PHOTO BY DAVID KHIZANISHVILI

31

orSabaTi
MONDAY

dekemberi/DECEMBER
09.00.

mravalJamieri
mravalJamieri qarTuli xalxuri samxmiani sufruli sim­
Rera da sasuliero sagalobelia. sufruli mravalJamieri
orgvaria: _sofluri da qalaquri. arsebobs agreTve
grZeli da mokle mravalJamieri. grZel mravalJamiers
vxvdebiT qarTlur da kaxur sasimRero SemoqmedebaSi.
igi formis, faqturis, struqturis daxvewilobiT,
mxatvruli gamomsaxvelobis saSualebaTa simdidriT qar­
Tuli musikaluri folkloris mSvenebaa. mokle mraval­
Jamieri kupleturi formisaa, mas ar gaaCnia poeturi
teqsti. qalaquri mravalJamieri warmoiSva XIX saukuneSi
evropuli musikisa da slavuri saeklesio galobis
gavleniT. sasuliero mravalJamieri sazeimo xasiaTis
sagalobelia. teqsti Sedgeba mxolod erTi sityvisagan
_ `mravalJamier~.

10.00.

11.00.

12.00.

13.00.

14.00.

Mravalzhamier
15.00.

16.00.

17.00.

18.00.

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DAYS
dRe

K NOW GEORGIA

Mravalzhamier is a traditional Georgian three-voice
polyphonic feast song and spiritul hymn. There are two
variants of the feast Mravalzhamier – countryside and urban.
There are also ’long’ and ’short’ versions of Mravalzhamier.
’Long’ Mravalzhamier is distributed in the polyphonic
community of Kartli and Kakheti. It is the crown jewel of
the Georgian music folklore in terms of form, composition,
subtlety of structure and richness of artistic expression.
’Short’ Mravalzhamier consists of verses and lacks poetic
text. Urban Mravalzhamier descends from XIX century
and was formed under the influence of European music
and Slavic religious hymns. Spiritual Mravalzhamier is a
celebration church chant. The texts consists from only one
word – Mravalzhamier.

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