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Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy, and poor concentration. These problems can become chronic or recurrent and lead to substantial impairments in an individual's ability to take care of his or her everyday responsibilities. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide, a tragic fatality associated with the loss of about 850 000 lives every year. Depression is the leading cause of disability as measured by YLDs and the 4th leading contributor to the global burden of disease (DALYs) in 2000. By the year 2020, depression is projected to reach 2nd place of the ranking of DALYs calcuated for all ages, both sexes. Today, depression is already the 2nd cause of DALYs in the age category 15-44 years for both sexes combined. Depression occurs in persons of all genders, ages, and backgrounds. Facts Depression is common, affecting about 121 million people worldwide. Depression is among the leading causes of disability worldwide. Depression can be reliably diagnosed and treated in primary care. Fewer than 25 % of those affected have access to effective treatments. Depression can be reliably diagnosed in primary care. Antidepressant medications and brief, structured forms of psychotherapy are effective for 60-80 % of those affected and can be delivered in primary care. However, fewer than 25 % of those affected (in some countries fewer than 10 %) receive such treatments. Barriers to effective care include the lack of resources, lack of trained providers, and the social stigma associated with mental disorders including depression. Primary care based quality improvement programs for depression have been shown to improve the quality of care, satisfaction with care health outcomes, functioning, economic productivity, and household wealth at a reasonable cost
By Mayo Clinic staff Teen depression is a serious condition that affects emotions, thought and behaviors. Although teen depression isn't medically different from depression in adults, teenagers often have unique challenges and symptoms. Issues such as peer pressure, academic expectations and changing bodies can bring a lot of ups and downs for teens. But, for some teens, the lows are more than just temporary feelings — they're a sign of depression. Also called major depression and major depressive disorder, teen depression isn't a weakness or something that can be overcome with willpower. Like depression in adults, teen depression is a medical condition that can have serious consequences. However, for most teens, teen depression symptoms ease with treatment such as medication and psychological counseling.
What Is Teen Depression?
By an eHow Contributor Teen depression isn't something that should just be ignored. Parents and teachers need to be aware of students' behavior and report any symptoms out of the ordinary. With the proper care, teenagers can overcome depression and live active lives. Related Searches:
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Teen depression should not be confused with the common teenage temper tantrum, bad mood, or rebellious act. Depression affects teenagers on a level that can destroy their social, academic, and family lives. Untreated cases of depression can lead to self infliction of pain or even suicide.
causing an overwhelming sense of sadness. self-loathing—even irreversible tragedy such as homicidal violence or suicide. or other caregivers to recognize their suffering and get them the treatment they need. nor do they always withdraw from others. Left untreated. it isn’t always easy to differentiate between depression and normal teenage moodiness. and the development of a strong sense of self. the fact remains that depression strikes teenagers far more often than most people think. there are many things you can do to help. but most teens balance the requisite angst with good friendships. teenagers usually must rely on parents. Understanding teen depression There are as many misconceptions about teen depression as there are about teenagers in general. Yes. experts say only 1 in 5 depressed teens receive help. The natural transition from child to adult can also bring parental conflict as teens start to assert their independence. Signs and symptoms of teen depression Teenagers face a host of pressures. Fortunately. teachers. With all this drama. teen depression can lead to problems at home and school. symptoms of irritability. Depression can destroy the very essence of a teenager’s personality. Talking about the problem and offering support can go a long way toward getting your teenager back on track. Making things even more complicated. Depression is a serious problem that impacts every aspect of a teen’s life. success in school or outside activities. who have the ability to seek assistance on their own. teacher. anger. or friend. teenage depression can be treated. And although depression is highly treatable. or hostility Tearfulness or frequent crying Withdrawal from friends and family • • • Restlessness and agitation Feelings of worthlessness and guilt Lack of enthusiasm and motivation . and as a concerned parent.Teenage depression isn’t just bad moods and occasional melancholy. or we’re just becoming more aware of it. but depression is something different. despair. or anger. drug abuse. teens with depression do not necessarily appear sad. Occasional bad moods or acting out is to be expected. You can start by learning the symptoms of depression and expressing concern when you spot warning signs. from the changes of puberty to questions about who they are and where they fit in. For some depressed teens. Signs and symptoms of depression in teens • • • • Sadness or hopelessness Irritability. Whether the incidence of teen depression is actually increasing. aggression. it’s important to learn what teen depression looks like and what to do if you spot the warning signs. and rage are more prominent. So if you have an adolescent in your life.Unlike adults. the teen years are tough.
how severe they are. dramatic. or behavior are red flags of a deeper problem. and how different the teen is acting from his or her usual self.” consider how long the symptoms have been present. .• • Loss of interest in activities Changes in eating and sleeping habits • • • Fatigue or lack of energy Difficulty concentrating Thoughts of death or suicide If you’re unsure if an adolescent in your life is depressed or just “being a teenager. long-lasting changes in personality. While some “growing pains” are to be expected as teenagers grapple with the challenges of growing up. mood.
Many rebellious and unhealthy behaviors or attitudes in teenagers are actually indications of depression. • • • • • • Teen depression is also associated with a number of other mental health problems. Violence. The following are some the ways in which teens “act out” or “act in” in an attempt to cope with their emotional pain: • Problems at school.Effects of teen depression The negative effects of teenage depression go far beyond a melancholy mood. Drug and alcohol abuse. Low self-esteem. and unsafe sex. Depression can trigger and intensify feelings of ugliness. Many depressed teens run away from home or talk about running away. Depressed teens may engage in dangerous or high-risk behaviors. and unworthiness. substance abuse only makes things worse. Teens may go online to escape from their problems. such as reckless driving. . Internet addiction. self-hatred and a wish to die can erupt into violence and homicidal rage. Some depressed teens (usually boys who are the victims of bullying) become violent. Unfortunately. out-of-control drinking. As in the case of the Columbine school massacre. Such attempts are usually a cry for help. this may lead to poor attendance. At school. failure. But excessive computer use only increases their isolation and makes them more depressed. Depression can cause low energy and concentration difficulties. Teens may use alcohol or drugs in an attempt to “self-medicate” their depression. a drop in grades. including eating disorders and self-injury. Reckless behavior. shame. or frustration with schoolwork in a formerly good student. Running away.
your teen could still become depressed. However. The exact cause of teenage depression is not known. and often goes undiagnosed. eHow Contributor • • • • Print this article Cause of Teenage Depression Depression in teenagers presents itself quite differently than depression in adults. as depressed teens will often act out violently. abuse drugs or alcohol. shrugged off as normal teenage angst. become sexually promiscuous or even attempt suicide. psychological and environmental factors. However. . teenage depression is quite serious. that the onset of teenage depression is brought about by a combination of genetic. Related Searches: • • Anxiety Depression Depression Help o o Genetics Teenagers who have a family history of depression are at a higher risk for developing the illness. genetics is not the only determining factor. in fact.Cause of Teenage Depression By Yvette Sajem. Scientists believe. even without a family history.
Mental Disorder o . Life Events o Sometimes a single life event can cause a reaction beyond normal grief or anxiety. poverty. Sponsored Links "Stuck in Drug Addiction"www. Medical conditions that affect hormone balance.com Save Your Live From Addiction In Our Exclusive Thai Rehab Center Family Environment o A dysfunctional family environment can cause depression. can also affect mood. or parents divorcing or remarrying could trigger depression in teenagers. The negative social and personal influences and results associated with substance abuse can also cause depression. Teens who live with extreme stress. changing schools. a serious physical illness or a learning disability. Death of a loved one. illness or with an alcoholic or addicted parent in the home are more likely to become depressed. triggering depression.Substance Abuse o Drugs and alcohol--known depressants--can alter brain chemicals that affect mood. such as hypothyroidism. Medical Condition o If your teen has a physical disability. violence. moving.safehavensclinic. this could lead to feelings of low self-esteem or anxiety.
html#ixzz1juaSNhOY . bipolar disorder.ehow.Approximately two-thirds of teenagers with depression have already been diagnosed with another mental disorder such as anxiety disorder. antisocial disorder or dysthymia.com http://www. Read more: Cause of Teenage Depression | eHow.com/facts_4912100_cause-teenagedepression.
Media guide the teens about the perfect personalities. All this information is being soaked up by the teens and they take it seriously. which can lead to depression.CAUSES contd. This thinking results in the lack of confidence and low self esteem issues. teenagers are at a very high risk of developing depression. skin or beauty than boys do. Adolescence girls are more likely to experience depression due to any problem in their face. which can lead to teenage depression. styles and living standards of life. being overweight.. Below are some of the stresses and causes. the stresses of adolescence. The response to many situations and stresses in adolescence can be depression. funny. . Teens that have lost some one dear to them be it a friend. teenagers can also get into depression. Similar to adults. A teen may fall in depression if he does not think or feel special in being smart. Not being satisfied with themselves. And there are breakups between girlfriends and boyfriends which can lead to teen depression as they find it difficult to sort out their hurt and confused feelings. creative. There several causes and factors of teenage depression but like adult depression scientists have yet to discover a specific cause of teenage depression. beautiful. they can learn to cope with the stress of growing up. not being good. Teens should be encouraged to keep themselves busy with creative and constructive work and with a little help from their family and friends. The media today is having a negative impact on the teens. the influence of sexual hormones and independence conflicts with parents are common factors. and athletic or simply being good enough. Students who are not academically good think that they cannot be successful in their studies and cannot make their parents happy. Due to tremendous stress. glamorous or stylish enough are some causes of depression. Personal loss is another factor in teenage depression. loved one or a family member or relative can find it difficult to handle these stressful incidents. During the maturation process depressed mood.
and the onset of major depression in young children. Some other stressful life events that may increase the risk of teen depression include: • • • • • Severe parental fighting Overcrowding in the home Physical or psychological abuse Neglect Poverty. This relationship is especially strong if the stressful life events occur in early childhood and lead to a permanent and negative change in the child's circumstances. The most commonly associated conditions are: • • • • Dysthymia.Physical Factors There are certain physical factors that may increase the risk of developing teen depression. such as parental death or divorce. . which is a less severe but more long-term type of depression Anxiety disorder Disruptive or antisocial disorder Substance abuse disorder. However. Stressful Life Events The relationship between stressful life events and the risk of developing depression is wellestablished. and tobacco Low birth weight Fearlessness and stimulation-seeking behavior Learning problems Insensitivity to physical pain and punishment. this relationship is complicated. Yet findings are mixed as to whether the same relationship is true for depression in mid-childhood or in adolescence. This might reflect the impact of individual differences and developmental changes. For example. illegal drugs. These physical factors can include: • • • • • Prenatal damage from exposure to alcohol. there is a relationship between stressful life events. Certain Medical Conditions Roughly two-thirds of children and adolescents with major depression (also known as clinical depression or just depression) also have another mental disorder. in children and adolescents.
except in cases in which that other condition is substance abuse. could be a result of greater vulnerability. In other situations. This suggests that parental behavior could potentially be a risk factor for both conditions.When more than one diagnosis is present. This suggests that. more dependent on positive social relationships. This would increase their vulnerability to the interpersonal stresses that are common in teenagers. therefore. The higher occurrence of depression in teenage girls. in some cases. . the two conditions may arise independently in response to inadequate maternal supervision and control. which is the case when conduct disorder and depression occur together. Gender Teenage girls are more likely to suffer from depression than are teenage boys. combined with coping mechanisms that are different than those of boys. depression is more likely to begin after the other condition is diagnosed. depression may arise in response to the other condition. and more vulnerable to losses of social relationships than are boys. One reason for this may be that teenage girls are more socially oriented. There is also evidence that the methods girls use to cope with stress may entail less denial and more focused and repetitive thinking about the event.
particularly for teenage girls. Genetic Factors Having a family history of depression puts a teen at a greater risk of depression. Children or adolescents who have been the victim of verbal. The causes and risks of teen depression are numerous. . physical or sexual abuse are at an increased risk of depression. Postpubescent teenage girls are the highest risk group for teen depression. Effect of Hormones Hormones are another risk factor for teen depression. Victims of bullying may also develop a strong sense of worthlessness. Conflict at Home Conflict at home can be a great source of stress in the life of a teen. He may feel like he has nowhere to go to escape the pressures of life. Being Bullied at School A teen who is being bullied will likely experience fear and anxiety over when and where the next confrontation will take place. A study published by the University of Florida in 2008 shows that victims of bullying are at a greater risk of depression even into their early adult years. Causes and Risks of Teen Depression It’s impossible to isolate one single factor as the cause of depression. Abuse and Teen Depression Abuse has the effect of producing feelings of guilt and worthlessness in the victim. but usually only when there are a number of other causes and risks of teen depression present as well.Teen Depression Causes and Risk Factors Depression is the most common mental disorder. Teen depression statistics published by the American Psychological Association suggest that approximately one fifth of teenagers will experience at least one major depressive episode before their high school graduation. Some of the most common teen depression causes and risks factors are outlined below. Some girls may also experience depression when taking the birth control pill due to the pill’s effect on their hormones. This is especially true if he finds school a stressful place as well. and the risk of depression increases with each new risk factor.
Isolation School can be a very lonely place for many teens. In other cases. supportive relationships. they may lack positive. Low Self-esteem Low self-esteem is both a cause and an effect of teen depression. Stressful Life Events In many cases. Often. Presence of Underlying Disorders Teens with anxiety disorders. behavioral problems and/or learning disabilities are at a greater risk for depression. Poor eating habits place a teen at a greater risk of depression. .Insomnia and Fatigue A teen that is exhausted from lack of sleep will be depressed. teens will feel as if they don’t fit in. listless and less able to cope with the stresses of life. Nutrient Deficiencies Teenagers often make unhealthy food choices and don’t get the nutrients their bodies need. Many other teen depression causes can fester below the surface until a stressful life event brings everything crashing down. the occurrence of a stressful life event is the final risk factor that sends a teen spiraling into depression. In some cases a particular person or social group may purposely ostracize them. Substance Abuse Alcohol and illicit drugs have been linked to an increased risk of depression.
how severe they are. dramatic. For some depressed teens. With all this drama. from the changes of puberty to questions about who they are and where they fit in.” consider how long the symptoms have been present. it isn’t always easy to differentiate between depression and normal teenage moodiness. The natural transition from child to adult can also bring parental conflict as teens start to assert their independence. While some “growing pains” are to be expected as teenagers grapple with the challenges of growing up. aggression. anger. or hostility Tearfulness or frequent crying Withdrawal from friends and family Loss of interest in activities Changes in eating and sleeping habits • • • • • Restlessness and agitation Feelings of worthlessness and guilt Lack of enthusiasm and motivation Fatigue or lack of energy Difficulty concentrating Thoughts of death or suicide If you’re unsure if an adolescent in your life is depressed or just “being a teenager. Making things even more complicated. teens with depression do not necessarily appear sad. . mood. symptoms of irritability. Signs and symptoms of depression in teens • • • • • • Sadness or hopelessness Irritability.Signs and symptoms of teen depression Teenagers face a host of pressures. long-lasting changes in personality. or behavior are red flags of a deeper problem. nor do they always withdraw from others. and how different the teen is acting from his or her usual self. and rage are more prominent.
Depression prevents individuals from functioning normally in their dayto-day activities. rebellion or a bad attitude. Knowing the signs of teen depression can help you as a parent. Symptoms of depression in adults are similar in many ways to symptoms of teen depression. In such cases. As a result. teen depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated. teacher or loved one. Teen Depression Symptoms Teen depression symptoms are commonly mistaken for sullenness. some signs of depression are much more prevalent in teens. Some of the most common teen depression symptoms include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Aggression Anger or hostility Anxiety Apathy and lack of energy Being bullied Changes in appetite and/or weight fluctuations Changes in sleeping patterns (i. oversleeping or insomnia) Complaining about failure to meet goals and/or your ideals Cutting or other forms of self-injury (although you may not see any wounds.e. However. Although a depressive episode may last only a few weeks.Symptoms of Teen Depression Teen depression is a mental disorder that is characterized by abnormally low moods that persist for two or more weeks. teen depression can worsen becoming much more severe. it often lasts much longer. self-blame. wearing long sleeves on a hot day may indicate self-injury) Fatigue Feelings of guilt. and worthlessness Feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness Frequent crying spells Increased sensitivity to criticism Indecisiveness Inexplicable pain (headaches or back pain) . detect it in someone you care about.
. or behavioral disorders Use of alcohol and drugs Violent or risky behavior Withdrawal from family and friends.• • • • • • • • • • • • • Irritability Lack of concentration Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable Low self-esteem Memory problems Poor academic performance Restlessness or agitation Sluggish actions or speech Talking about death and suicide (expressing the wish to be dead) The presence of other anxiety disorders. eating disorders.
. Running away. and unworthiness. this may lead to poor attendance. Violence. Teens may use alcohol or drugs in an attempt to “self-medicate” their depression. Some depressed teens (usually boys who are the victims of bullying) become violent. substance abuse only makes things worse. and unsafe sex. Depressed teens may engage in dangerous or high-risk behaviors. But excessive computer use only increases their isolation and makes them more depressed. Teens may go online to escape from their problems. shame. As in the case of the Columbine school massacre. such as reckless driving. Reckless behavior. Such attempts are usually a cry for help. failure. out-of-control drinking. The following are some the ways in which teens “act out” or “act in” in an attempt to cope with their emotional pain: • Problems at school. Drug and alcohol abuse. or frustration with schoolwork in a formerly good student. a drop in grades. Depression can trigger and intensify feelings of ugliness. Low self-esteem. self-hatred and a wish to die can erupt into violence and homicidal rage. including eating disorders and self-injury. Unfortunately.Effects of teen depression The negative effects of teenage depression go far beyond a melancholy mood. At school. Many rebellious and unhealthy behaviors or attitudes in teenagers are actually indications of depression. Depression can cause low energy and concentration difficulties. Internet addiction. • • • • • • Teen depression is also associated with a number of other mental health problems. Many depressed teens run away from home or talk about running away.
10. Running away is one cry for help by teens who are depressed. Low self esteem. cutting. Left untreated. Watch for low grades. anorexia and binge eating. depression can lead to these 10 outcomes. Eating disorders including bulimia. 1. reckless driving and other careless behaviors. It is imperative to get immediate help for any teen or talks of suicide or death wishes. 4. . Substance abuse (alcohol and drugs) 6. Depressed teens who think of suicide will make death-related comments and talk of killing themselves. 3. 2. which is based in selfhatred and hatred of others that can lead to homicide. Suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts are exceptional cries for help. hair pulling are sure signs of depression. failure. 7. Violence becomes predominant in some depressed teens. Self injury including various kinds of self-mutilation such as burning. 5. 8.EFFECTS OF TEEN DEPRESSION: It is crucial that teen depression be treated early to prevent serious and perhaps permanent problems. 9 Dangerous or reckless behavior covers such things as binge drinking. Problems at school resulting from low energy and difficulty concentrating. and lack of patience to complete schoolwork. and inferiority. Other addictions including computer games and Internet surfing as an escape mechanism. triggered by feelings of worthlessness. unsafe sex. poor attendance.
org. decrease their academic performance and increase clashes with other students and school staff.org notes that teens who are doing this are trying to send a signal that they need help. may be struggling with depression. notes HelpGuide. They cannot control how they feel when they are depressed. Free Healing Articles Anxiety. Eating disorders give depressed teens some form of control in their life.org notes that substance abuse will only worsen the symptoms of depression and the negative effects. Phobias. such as anorexia. School Problems Depression in teens can affect their ability to concentrate and maintain their energy levels. They will feel worse about things such as their looks.org Sponsored Links Substance Abuse Teens with depression may abuse drugs and alcohol as a way to reduce their symptoms.org. OCD relatedness. reports HelpGuide. but they can have power over their food intake. if depression induces teens to eat more they may gain weight. Running Away Some teens with depression will either run away from home or talk about running away.org reports. Also. which can also hurt their self-esteem. This may hurt their school attendance. notes the Mayo Clinic. Low Self-Esteem One of the symptoms of depression is feelings of worthlessness. their abilities and their worthiness.The effects of teenage depression are real and can be detrimental.Stress. HelpGuide. It is important to take depression in teens seriously and do what you can to prevent or stop the negative consequences from happening or getting worse. . bulimia. Eating Disorders Teens with eating disorders. They may use the Internet as a way to escape their problems.Psychosis Relationships. HelpGuide. binge eating and various forms of dieting behaviors. Internet Addiction Some depressed teens may isolate themselves and begin spending all their time online. This feeling will cause a teen's self-esteem to decrease. These effects can cause lasting physical and emotional problems.Depression. HelpGuide.
self-hatred and a wish to die can erupt into violent and homicidal rage. This is done to redirect the pain of depression and to allow the teen to feel control over something in his life. Suicide According to KidsHealth. burning or other kinds of self-mutilation. teens can experience depression that is so severe that they may think about or attempt suicide.org. A teen thinking about suicide is considered an emergency situation. engaging in high-risk sexual acts and hanging out with people who are dangerous. driving at very high speeds. Self-Harm Teens who are depressed may engage in self-injurious behaviors.org. The teen should be taken to the emergency room and the teen's therapist should be called.com/article/161448-effects-of-teenagedepression/#ixzz1judDSaiW . Such behaviors could include drinking while driving. mixing drugs and alcohol.livestrong. Violence Depression can fuel violence in some teens.Reckless Behaviors A teenager who has depression may engage in careless and reckless behaviors that could be life threatening. such as cutting. According to HelpGuide. Read more: http://www.
Depression in teens can be tricky. so listen to what they’re telling you. including how long they’ve been present. so don’t wait and hope that the symptoms will go away. always get your child’s input. Don’t rely on medication alone Expect a discussion with the specialist you’ve chosen about treatment possibilities for your son or daughter. Seek out a depression specialist If there are no health problems that are causing your teenager’s depression. ask for a referral to another provider that may be better suited to your teenager. including oneon-one talk therapy. If it doesn’t. your teen’s depression may resolve.TREATMENT FOR TEEN DEPRESSION: Getting treatment for teen depression Depression is very damaging when left untreated. the doctor will give your teenager a complete physical exam and take blood samples to check for medical causes of your child’s symptoms. The doctor should also be told about any close relatives who have ever been diagnosed with depression or another mental health disorder. A mental health professional with advanced training and a strong background treating adolescents is the best bet for your teenager’s best care. seek professional help. There are a number of treatment options for depression in teenagers. Make an immediate appointment for your teen to see the family physician for a depression screening. how much they’re affecting your child’s daily life. you have time to carefully weigh your options before committing to any one treatment. No one therapist is a miracle worker and no one treatment works for everyone. group or family therapy. . As part of the depression screening. Teenagers are dependent on you for making many of their health decisions. particularly when it comes to treatment options such as medication. If your child feels uncomfortable or is just not ’connecting’ with the psychologist or psychiatrist. Be prepared to give your doctor specific information about your teen’s depression symptoms. Unfortunately. and any patterns you’ve noticed. some parents feel pushed into choosing antidepressant medication over other treatments that may be cost-prohibitive or time-intensive. If you see depression’s warning signs. antidepressants should only be used as part of a broader treatment plan. When choosing a specialist. ask your doctor to refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist who specializes in children and adolescents. Over the course of therapy. Talk therapy is often a good initial treatment for mild to moderate cases of depression. medication may be warranted. and medication. However. However. unless your child is considered to be high risk for suicide (in which case medication and/or constant observation may be necessary).
Rejoice in small victories and prepare for the occasional setback.Supporting a teen through depression treatment As the depressed teenager in your life goes through treatment. your teenager needs to know that he or she is valued. the better equipped you’ll be to help your depressed teen. and cared for. Stay involved in treatment. Encourage your teenager to learn more about depression as well. so find ways to incorporate it into your teenager’s day. Reading up on their condition can help depressed teens realize that they’re not alone and give them a better understanding of what they’re going through. rejection. Now more than ever. the most important thing you can do is to let him or her know that you’re there to listen and offer support. Exercise can go a long way toward relieving the symptoms of depression. Learn about depression. Living with a depressed teenager can be difficult and draining. it’s important to remember that your child is not being difficult on purpose. so be patient. • Be understanding. after-school clubs. Something as simple as walking the dog or going on a bike ride can be beneficial. and call the doctor if depression symptoms seem to be getting worse. aggravation. Most importantly. It’s especially important that your child takes any prescribed medication as instructed. accepted. . During this trying time. Offer to take your teen out with friends or suggest social activities that might be of interest. read up on depression so that you can be your own “expert. Isolation only makes depression worse. Just like you would if your child had a disease you knew very little about. • • • • The road to your depressed teenager’s recovery may be bumpy. you’re doing your job. so encourage your teenager to see friends and praise efforts to socialize.” The more you know. you may experience exhaustion. don’t judge yourself or compare your family to others. such as sports. Encourage physical activity. Track changes in your teen’s condition. Encourage your teenager to stay active. despair. or any other number of negative emotions. or an art class. Encourage social activity. Your teen is suffering. At times. Make sure your teenager is following all treatment instructions and going to therapy. so do your best to be patient and understanding. As long as you’re doing your best to get your teen the necessary help.
Tips for Talking to a Depressed Teen Offer support Let depressed teenagers know that you’re there for them. Be gentle but persistent Don’t give up if your adolescent shuts you out at first. If you don’t. Listen without lecturing Resist any urge to criticize or pass judgment once your teenager begins to talk. The important thing is that your child is communicating. fully and unconditionally. Talking about depression can be very tough for teens. Hold back from asking a lot of questions (teenagers don’t like to feel patronized or crowded). Simply acknowledge the pain and sadness they are feeling. even if their feelings or concerns appear silly or irrational to you. Validate feelings Don’t try to talk teens out of their depression. . Be respectful of your child’s comfort level while still emphasizing your concern and willingness to listen. they will feel like you don’t take their emotions seriously. Avoid offering unsolicited advice or ultimatums as well. but make it clear that you’re ready and willing to provide whatever support they need.
Outlined below are some practical ways you can do this. a school psychologist or a school counselor. a teen who is given too much freedom in food selection chooses to eat junk food. Self-esteem can be very fragile. • • • • • • Talk to your teen about a depression prevention program involving counseling sessions with a psychotherapist. . Encourage your child to participate in sports. Exercise can enhance your teen’s physical and mental well-being. in turn. Encourage your teenager to get active. Too often. become a risk factor for depression. Don’t be discouraged if it takes some time before your child begins to confide in you. particularly during the teenage years. A study published in the Sleep journal in January 2010 found that adolescents with earlier bedtimes set by their parents were significantly less likely to experience teen depression. you play a vital role in depression prevention. Talk with your teen. Praise your teen’s strengths and be sensitive when addressing weaknesses. clubs and other extracurricular activities in order to build a strong support group of friends. • Encourage healthy eating habits. Listen attentively. Make sure your children know how much you care about them. Let your child know that you are there and to listen when something is wrong.Preventing Teen Depression As a parent or teacher of a teen with depression. This can result in nutritional deficiencies that can. Try to enforce an early bedtime.
depression only worsens if left untreated. A depressed teen can’t help the way she feels. so it’s also important to learn about suicide and suicide warning signs.Helping Depressed Teens: What You Can Do It’s hard for parents to watch their children suffer. Helping Depressed Teens by Learning about Depression Unless you’ve experienced teenage depression. Teen depression is associated with an increased risk of suicide. . Depression is a mental illness that’s characterized by abnormally low moods that last for two or more weeks and prevent an individual from functioning normally. however. Medical treatment. Teen Depression Help: Offering Encouragement Worthlessness and low self-esteem are both causes and effects of depression in teens. Your teen will need all the encouragement you can offer her. There are a number of things you can do as a parent or caregiver to offer help for depression to a suffering teen. and she can’t just “snap out of it. seek medical attention for your child right away. it can be very difficult to understand what it’s like. medications and any other dangerous items Talk to him about how he’s feeling. Often. is only part of the solution.” You’ll be in a much better position to offer help for depression if you learn about depression and do your best to understand what your teen is going through. If you feel your teen is at risk of committing suicide you can: • • • • • Call for emergency medical help Encourage him to talk to a school counselor or suicide crisis hotline counselor Ensure he’s not left alone Hide firearms. If you suspect your son or daughter may be depressed. You can show your support by: • • • • • • Abstaining from making trivializing comments about her depression Building her up in her abilities and accomplishments Encouraging her to get the medical help she needs Ensuring that she knows that you are willing to listen whenever she feels like opening up to you Making sure she knows that you want to understand how she feels Spending time with her.
There are many lifestyle factors that can cause or worsen the symptoms of depression. . help to alleviate depression symptoms. you may feel you don’t have enough influence over your teen to enforce these lifestyle choices. You may. however. be able to reason with your teen by explaining that these lifestyle choices are just as important as drug therapy. Some of these include: • • • • • • • A healthy diet An early bedtime to ensure enough sleep Avoiding alcohol. Healthy lifestyle choices. or any other type of therapy prescribed by a doctor. on the other hand. As a parent or caregiver.Helping Depressed Teens by Helping Them Make Healthy Lifestyle Choices Depression is not merely a biological illness. illegal drugs and caffeine Cultivating supportive friendships Engaging in enjoyable activities and hobbies Exercise Participating in social activities.
or other ways to kill themselves. Suicide warning signs in depressed teens • • • • • • • • Talking or joking about committing suicide.” or “There’s no way out. so suicidal thoughts or behaviors should always be taken very seriously. speak. and what to do in a crisis. the troublesome behaviors and emotions you’re .Suicide warning signs in teenagers Teenagers and Suicide If you suspect that a teenager you know is suicidal. Seeking out weapons.” Speaking positively about death or romanticizing dying (“If I died. Engaging in reckless behavior or having a lot of accidents resulting in injury. speak up right away. or make "attention-getting" attempts at suicide. call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK. dying. pills. An alarming and increasing number of teenagers attempt and succeed at suicide. Giving away prized possessions. Saying goodbye to friends and family as if for good. To learn more about suicide risk factors.” “I wish I could disappear forever. Teens who are seriously depressed often think. warning signs. read Suicide Prevention: Understanding and Helping a Suicidal Person. Writing stories and poems about death. or suicide. teenagers who are depressed should be watched closely for any signs of suicidal thoughts or behavior. Even if you’re unsure that depression is the issue. “I’d be better off dead. For the overwhelming majority of suicidal teens. take immediate action! For 24-hour suicide prevention and support. Encouraging a depressed teen to open up Learn to identify and express your feelings See 3-min video: Roadblocks to awareness If you suspect that a teenager in your life is suffering from depression. Saying things like. In depressed teens who also abuse alcohol or drugs. Because of the very real danger of suicide. depression or another psychological disorder plays a primary role. the risk of suicide is even greater. people might love me more”).
Remember that denial is a strong emotion. If your teen claims nothing is wrong. Your teen may be reluctant to open up. share your concerns with your teenager. it still needs to be addressed—the sooner the better.seeing in your teenager are signs of a problem. . you should trust your instincts. Alternatively. afraid of being misunderstood. Furthermore. teenagers may not believe that what they’re experiencing is the result of depression. depressed teens may simply have a hard time expressing what they’re feeling. He or she may be ashamed. In a loving and non-judgmental way. Then encourage your child to share what he or she is going through. but has no explanation for what is causing the depressed behavior. Whether or not that problem turns out to be depression. Let him or her know what specific signs of depression you’ve noticed and why they worry you.
locked. Suicide is most prevalent among the young and the elderly. It is the leading cause of death among those aged 15-24. surpassed only by accidents and homicide. Always keep the keys to any firearms out of the reach of children and adolescents. Although suicide is relatively rare among children. The risk of suicide increases dramatically when kids and teens have access to firearms at home. It has often been called "a permanent solution to a temporary problem". Ammunition should be stored and locked apart from the gun. Among those young people who attempt suicide.to 24-year-olds. suicide is the most tragic. such as firearms. eventually anywhere between 0. and tend to attempt suicide by overdosing on drugs or cutting themselves. Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for 15. or jumping from heights.WHY TEEN SUICIDE COMMON THESE DAYS? What Is It? Of all the complications of untreated depression. About Teen Suicide The reasons behind a teen's suicide or attempted suicide can be complex. hanging. intense. the rate of suicides and suicide attempts increases tremendously during adolescence. perhaps because they tend to use more lethal methods. according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). and the keys for both should be kept in a different area from where you store your household keys. Why Do People Do It? Depressed people who take their own lives do so because they are enduring unbearable psychological pain and perceive that there are no more options available to them. Physical pain can also trigger suicidal feelings. and kept out of the reach of children and teens. Girls think about and attempt suicide about twice as often as boys. Suicide rates differ between boys and girls. but pain of psychological origin can be just as. and nearly 60% of all suicides in the United States are committed with a gun. . That's why any gun in your home should be unloaded. In the midst of depression it can begin to look like the only option left.1 and 10% of these will complete the act. if not more. Yet boys die by suicide about four times as often girls.
do not leave them alone. It lets them know you are there for them if they need you and gives them a simple way to communicate with you when words are difficult to find. What counts is how severe the problem seems to them. Ask questions about their plans. If your teen seems in immediate danger of a suicide attempt. Praise them for having the courage to ask for help. Suicidal behavior is an indication of deep psychological pain. As alert as you may be for the signs of suicidality in your teen. Do not treat your teen as if they are simply seeking attention. Giving your child one of their Yellow Ribbon Cards if a great way to open up a dialogue with them. call 911 or your local emergency room and ask for assistance. Because medication and therapy take some time to become effective. Do not feel afraid to bring up the topic with your teen. it may be that they hide their feelings from you or feel afraid to approach you. Do not minimize their feelings. The Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program is dedicated to helping bridge this communication gap. . They are asking for your help. Those who are passively suicidal or have only vague ideas of wanting to die should still be taken very seriously and arrangements made for them to see a psychiatrist. It is not important that the problem seems trivial or easily solved to you.Treatments The person who is depressed enough to be thinking of suicide needs immediate professional help. During a crisis situation. Reassure your child that they are not a burden to you and they are not weak. it may be necessary for your child to be hospitalized for their own protection.
This also reduces the dependency on the chemicals for the relief of the symptoms. This is because when the person is constantly encouraged by the people around and when there is lot of support the patient slowly loses his apprehensions and manages to lead a normal life. This also will avoid people getting into major depression and chronic depressive diseases.Role of Society in depression Society plays a major role in people who are depressed. For people who are already a patient of depression. there is enough awareness which is spread in the society which can help them to figure out when they are getting into depression and makes it easy for them to get treated faster. . These centers encourage patients in preventing depression by physical activity and other sources. For people who are not yet victims of depression. These facilities are right now spread all across the world which makes it easy for any society to get in touch with them. Apart from this there are many rehabilitation centers and therapies which are available in the market which help patients with chronic depressive symptoms. society will help you in recovering faster with the right kind of support.
prevalence rates (the numbers of people experiencing depression) can be influenced by cultural context. the very idea of mental illness is unacceptable and few people will admit to having it.S. they do not spend time feeling frustrated about their failure to achieve personal success. recent immigrants to the U. Ph. Very little thought is given to particular individuals within such cultures. A new branch of medicine. However. black women have lower rates of depression than white women. whereas in Japan.Effects of Culture Rashmi Nemade. Ph. The sociological aspects of depression are both influenced by and also influence the other biological and psychological aspects of people's lives. Natalie Staats Reiss. other cultures view the family or society as being of more importance than the individual. without knowing the full story. known as ethnomedicine. individuals are ideally viewed as independent. the lack of focus on the self can lead to a decrease or absence of the development of depressive disorders. a person who comes from . For example. personal happiness is sacrificed for the stability of the group at large in such cultures. Some of this difference comes from the individualistic vs. For example. autonomous entities striving for individual achievement and success. Ethnomedical research suggests that cultural differences in focusing on oneself and one's place within the social hierarchy are linked to the prevalence of depression. and context in shaping someone's physical and mental health.D. a wide range of distress disorders are categorized as depressive disorders. ethnomedical studies suggest that this perception may have more to do cultural perceptions of what symptoms become labeled as a depressive disorder. and how depression is thought of within particular cultures. how occurrences of depression are recorded for statistical purposes.. Our norms about our specific responsibilities and obligations (to our selves. perception. in India.Sociology of Depression . Updated: Sep 19th 2007 Sociologists study how people get along together in groups. The sociology of depression encompasses the cultural context in which people live. In contrast. and to the institutions we live with) are also shaped by our culture. that Japanese people rarely develop this disorder. Even within the United States. For example. Ph. Some authors suggest that because people from collectivistic cultures are not encouraged to place much importance on personal gratification. as well as the social stressors that people encounter as a part of life. who are presumably more "Western" in attitudes and behavior.. someone might conclude that Indian people have very high rates of depression. and Mark Dombeck. Previously. Obviously. The Effects of Culture Culture and ethnicity are important aspects of health and illness. Many times. For example. in traditional Asian cultures it is common for one member of the family to work hard and share a paycheck with the entire extended family. As a result. In Western cultures.D. They study culture. to others. social institutions and they affect individuals. collectivistic orientation of a particular culture. focuses on the role of culture. In addition. tend to have lower rates of depression than their descendants. it was thought that depression primarily plagued people in developed "Western" nations and that non-Euro-American cultures did not suffer from this disorder. or conversely.D.
For instance. For example. and symptoms of pain. In these cultures. and fatigue. etc. For example. such stress can cause this person to become depressed. some cultures may expect the grief and bereavement process to last longer than the culturally-expected time period (about one year) which is acceptable in the West. many depressed Chinese people complain of bodily discomfort. headache.e. As mentioned in our discussion about cognitive theories.a culture where family obligations are demanding and non-negotiable may feel restricted. Such patients may respond best to mental health professionals who are able to use culturally-sensitive language to describe the cause of depressive symptoms and related suffering. feelings of inner pressure. If someone from this type of culture encounters a social stressor which forces a change in roles or a challenge to the status quo (i. For instance. fibromyalgia. Similarly. Cultural differences in help-seeking behavior may influence the treatment of depression. feelings and thoughts concerning powerlessness and usefulness shape people's self-concept and mood. if a wife loses her husband. conversely. Both individuals may start to think of themselves as worthless or useless if they cannot meet the needs of their children. depressed Japanese individuals often complain of abdominal. On the other hand. women may not even leave their homes unless escorted by a male family member. if a husband (from a culture with rigid gender roles) loses a wife. patients may reject explanations for symptoms that are commonly acceptable to treating clinicians in favor of explanations that are favored within the patient's culture. men never enter the kitchen. In other words. and limited. researchers have theorized that some chronic conditions (chronic pain. may be prevented from even trying). she will not know how to provide financial support for her family (and additionally. but attribute these symptoms to causes that don't make sense to observers or clinicians from other cultures. while women's roles are specifically in the home. Some cultures may view depressive symptoms as normal emotional responses to particular life events. Some researchers have even suggested that fibromyalgia (a condition characterized by widespread pain. the death of a spouse). a person from the same culture may view family obligations as a way to feel needed. Individuals from such cultures might find it odd that a Western psychologist would think that 2 years spent mourning for a lost spouse was indicative of a mental health problem. a patient from China seen in the United States might reject the idea that a biochemical imbalance is causing depressive symptoms in favor of an explanation in terms of energy flows or similar concepts drawn from traditional Chinese medicine. useful and competent. and neck pain symptoms. Cultural identity often influences the degree to which a particular individual shows somatic (physical) symptoms of depression. Even within Western countries where depressive disorders are more "acceptable". tenderness. some cultures are more comfortable reporting depressive symptoms that are physical in nature rather than mental. and fatigue) should be characterized as a "depression spectrum disorder". bathing. chronic fatigue syndrome) may be more somatic (physical) forms of a mood disorder than actual physical problems. Men's lives exist primarily outside the home. For . For instance. dizziness. Still other cultures may recognize that depressive symptoms are problematic. powerless. Similarly.. advertisement Some cultures have rigid gender roles that define expected behavior. he will not know how to care for his children's day to day needs such as feeding.
shameful. meditation. mental illness is often more stigmatized in other cultures. people and their families may deny mental illness out of shame of being identified as "crazy". it is more socially acceptable to have depression. and more people are willing to seek help. acupuncture or exercise. As a result. Because the public discourse regarding depression is more prevalent in Western societies. In contrast. People from different parts of the world have different patterns of genes and. Individuals from some traditional cultures may reject Western antidepressant medications while embracing prescriptions for herbs. different patterns of disease to which they are vulnerable. yoga. depressed individuals might not readily seek out psychiatric or mental health care for depressive symptoms. Such genetic differences can influence whether people succumb to depression when stressed (Click here to return to our discussion of the diathesis-stress model). Others may find the label "depression" morally unacceptable. . often. and experientially meaningless. non-Western individuals frequently use indigenous (from their own culture) practitioners for treatment of "illness" and Western-trained physicians for treating "disease". Similarly. Cultures also vary in the degree to which they rely on or incorporate complementary and alternative medicine practices such as herbs. A person's cultural background can also influence their biological makeup. people's genetic background can influence their response to antidepressant medications. or other approaches into their prescribed treatments for depression. If emotional disturbances are not considered within the realm of disease. Treatment for depression may be actively resisted by someone who comes out of this sort of culture.example.
and it can seem too heavy to bear. loneliness. and noticeable changes in appetite or . Another form of serious depression is called bipolar disorder. sometimes called clinical depression. too. have an effect on mood and may partly explain why teens (especially girls) are particularly prone to depression. Though children can experience depression. and decent coping skills.most teens get better with the right help. It's not hard to see why serious depression and suicide are connected. It also involves thoughts about death. But for adolescents who have depressive illnesses. is beyond a passing depressed mood . Hormones and sleep cycles. an inner belief that there will be a brighter day. teens are much more vulnerable to major depression and bipolar illness. Believe it or not. But sometimes depression doesn't lift after a few hours or a few days. The sadness.The Link Between Depression and Suicide The majority of suicide attempts and suicide deaths happen among teens with depression. low energy. Instead it lasts. Serious depression (with both major depression and bipolar illness) involves a long-lasting sad mood that doesn't let up. With the right support. When someone has a depressed or sad mood that is intense and lingers almost all day. which includes extreme low moods (major depression) as well as extreme high moods (these are called manic episodes). almost every day for 2 weeks or more.it is the term mental health professionals use for depression that has become an illness in need of treatment.000 teens dies from suicide). and a loss of pleasure in things you once enjoyed. a sense of worthlessness. Consider these statistics about teen suicide and teen depression: about 1% of all teens attempts suicide and about 1% of those suicide attempts results in death (that means about 1 in 10. Most teens who have depression think about suicide. most teens can get through the depressed mood that happens occasionally when life throws them a curve ball. The good news is that depression is treatable . and between 15% and 30% of teens with serious depression who think about suicide go on to make a suicide attempt. it may be a sign that the person has developed major depression. and disappointment we all feel at times are normal reactions to some of the struggles of life. a sense of hopelessness that things could get better. negative thoughts about oneself. which both change dramatically during adolescence. as many as 20% of all teens have had depression that's this severe at some point. Major depression. Keep in mind that most of the time for most teens depression is a passing mood. grief. some resilience. the rates of suicidal thinking and behavior are much higher.
The hopelessness can make it seem like there will be nothing good in the future. When teens are depressed. The loss of pleasure that is part of depression can seem like further evidence that there's nothing good about the present. this distorted thinking is cleared and they can find pleasure. When major depression lifts because a person gets the proper therapy or treatment. . Depressed thinking can convince someone there is nothing to live for. Depression also distorts a person's viewpoint. they often don't realize that the hopelessness they feel can be relieved and that hurt and despair can be healed. suicidal thinking is a real concern. helplessness can make it seem like there's nothing you can do to change things for the better. energy. and hope again. But while someone is seriously depressed.sleep. And the low energy that is part of depression can make every problem (even small ones) seem like too much to handle. allowing them to focus only on their failures and disappointments and to exaggerate these negative things.
Also. academic performance.it is a serious health problem that affects the total person. or a combination of the two. Fortunately. teen depression effects can include changes in behavior. psychotherapy. Besides changes in feelings.TEEN DEPRESSION: just general : Teen depression is not simply a "down" mood -. . teen depression can be treated through medicines. social activity. depressed teenagers are at a greater risk of committing suicide than are teenagers without depression. and the ability to handle everyday decisions and pressures. physical health and appearance.
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