Nemo Outdoor User Training

27/08/2008

Perfecting Wireless Communications

1

Nemo Outdoor User Training
Course Contents • Course introduction • Nemo Outdoor introduction • Installation of Nemo Outdoor • Nemo Outdoor configuration (GPS, scanner, phones and maps) • Configuration and Workspace files • Introduction to Graphical User Interface • Features of Nemo Outdoor • Hands-on operation

What is Nemo Outdoor?

• • •

A portable and easy-to-use data acquisition and measurement tool Supports all major wireless network standards implemented around the world Provides empirical measurement data useful for network planning and optimization

Nemo Outdoor User Training • Target Group: Radio Network Planning Personnel Field Engineers Aim of this training: • To achieve familiarity and working knowledge of Nemo Outdoor • .

Nemo Outdoor Installation • Computer requirements • Installing Nemo Outdoor • Copy protection • Nemo Multi • Examples on how to install mobile drivers .

minimum 1GHz. one USB port or one to two serial ports/ mobile • Depending on the scanner used.PC Requirements PC (IBM or Dell recommended) with Windows® 2000 or Windows® XP Professional • Pentium III processor.00GHz recommended • 512MB RAM minimum. 1280 x 1024 recommended • Internet Explorer 4. one USB port or one serial port/ scanner • One serial port for each voice quality audio module • One RS232 serial port or USB port for an external GPS receiver • Display resolution 1024 x 768 with 256 colors. 1 GB recommended • One parallel port or USB port for copy protection module (if applicable) • Depending on the mobile used. 1GB RAM recommended • 100 MB of free hard disk space for installation and use.7 GHz for single mobile measurements • For multi data measurements Intel® Core Duo processor T2500 2. preferably 1.0 or higher for viewing the help file .

USB or Software Protection • Check the installed software – Programs creating Virtual COM ports or Infrared ports may cause problems (e.g.Nemo Outdoor compliant test mobile (provided by Anite Finland Ltd) .Nemo Outdoor Installation (1) Before the installation: • Check the hardware .Connection cables for single system or multisystem . Nokia Data Suite) – Use the latest Operating System updates .Nemo Outdoor copy protection module for parallel port.GPS receiver ..

xx.anite.xx.g. PCMCIA drivers) • Check the latest versions of Nemo software from our web pages at (www.exe file and follow the instructions .com/nemo) • Install any optional PCMCIA cards if needed • Install drivers for the USB to serial converter if needed (Edgeport) • Install drivers for the test mobiles if applicable • Run the Nemo Outdoor Nemo Outdoor 4..Nemo Outdoor Installation (2) Installation: • You need to have local Administrator rights to install Nemo Outdoor and its optional hardware drivers (e.

com) or by fax +358 8 551 6182. • Obtain License file from Nemo Technical Support through email (nemo. (Preferably by email!) .Nemo Outdoor Installation (3) • SOFTWARE COPY PROTECTION USERS NOTE!: Locking Code information can be read from target computer before or after installing Nemo Outdoor.helpdesk@anite.

Name of the license file name is “lservrc” without any extensions. File type should be “File”. If you delete the directory. or any other way lose the license file.Nemo Outdoor Installation (4) • Configure license information After receiving the License File. Check also date and time settings. the file must be copied to the Nemo Outdoor folder before the application can be used for measurements. YOU WILL LOSE YOUR LICENSE!!! • Configure your system with Nemo Outdoor Configuration Manager • Start measuring! . format your hard drive.

Configuring Nemo Outdoor Port Settings • Always check the COM port settings from System Properties before starting configuring Nemo Outdoor! • Communications port 1 (COM1) is for the phone connection • The Socket PCMCIA Serial Adapter (COM2) is for the GPS .

Installing the Nemo Outdoor Multi Device .

Windows will detect the USB hub automatically. Follow the instructions. Switch on the computer. insert the CD-ROM disk with the Edgeport/8 driver file into the CD-ROM drive. . Connect the USB cable to your computer. 3. Before connecting the MMAC2 device to your computer. Drivers are found in <CD-ROM drive>:\win2k. After the drivers are installed for each COM port.Nemo Outdoor Multi Installation 1. Windows will detect the new device. COM ports can be seen in the Device Manager under ports. 2. Switch power on in the MMAC2.

Make dial-up configurations for the test mobiles. NOTE! The Edgeport hardware has a unique ID number that is recognized automatically by the Windows operating system. certain Nemo Outdoor Multi kit is recommended to be used only with a certain computer. See the Nemo Outdoor user manual for configuration instructions. Windows will assign new COM port numbers for the new hardware. Start Nemo Outdoor and configure the test devices. If the Nemo Outdoor Multi kit is changed to another kit. 2. . See the DialUp Networking Setup Guide for more detailed instructions. You are now ready to start the measurements.Nemo Outdoor Multi Installation 1. To avoid generating too many COM ports on the computer. 3.

.Mobile Driver Installation. After installation you should see several devices under communication devices for Nokia 6230 and also two modem ports assigned for the mobile under modems. Please note that commercial Nokia drivers do not work with Nemo Outdoor. The step is repeated several times until all new hardware is added. connect the connectivity cable to the mobile.Nokia 6125/6230/6230i (DKU-2/CA-53) After installing Nemo Outdoor. Windows will detect the new hardware automatically and start the installation. and the other end to the computer USB port. the driver the connectivity cable needs to be installed and a dial-up connection needs to created. After your computer has restarted. Do not connect the USB connectivity cable to your PC until the driver installation is complete.

Consult the Dial-Up Networking Setup Guide for instructions on how to make a dial-up connection.Mobile Driver Installation. . as you will need this information later on.Nokia 6125/6230/6230i (DKU-2/CA-53) Memorize the modem port numbers.

Type atz in the Extra Initialization Commands field.Mobile Driver Installation. By using the atz command. You need to define this command at least for the modem that will be used with the dial-up connection. This applies only to Nokia terminals. go to Modems.Nokia 6230 (DKU-2/ CA53) After the hardware is installed. . Select Nokia 6230 (USB) modems. QoS settings used by Nemo Outdoor will be used. Select Properties/ Advanced.

read the Dial-Up Networking Setup Guide. and the dial-up connection created. Please note that commercial Nokia drivers do not work with Nemo Outdoor. Check the modem port numbers. After your computer has restarted. . Instructions on how to make a dial-up connection. Windows will detect the new hardware automatically and start the installation. The step is repeated several times until all new hardware is added.Nokia 6280/66XX/N80(DKU-2/ CA-53) After installing Nemo Outdoor. and also three modem ports assigned to the mobile under modems. the driver for the connectivity cable needs to be installed. Do not connect the USB connectivity cable to your PC until the driver installation is complete. as you will need this information later on. After installation you should see several devices under communication devices for Nokia test terminal. connect the connectivity cable to the mobile and the other end to the computer’s USB port.Mobile Driver Installation.

. By using the ”atz” command QoS settings used by Nemo Outdoor will be used.This applies only to Nokia terminals. You need to define this command at least for the modem that will be used with the dialup connection. Select Nokia (USB) modems. Select Properties/ Advanced. go to Modems.6280/66XX/N80/N92 After the hardware is installed.Mobile Driver Installation. Type ”atz” to the Extra Initialization Commands field.

Nemo Outdoor Configuration • • • • • • • Adding devices Phone properties Antenna gain and antenna loss Measurement properties Scanner properties Map properties Workspace and hardware configuration files .

Configuring Nemo Outdoor There are three ways to configure Nemo Outdoor: •The Welcome page offers an easy start-up of the system •An older user may want to use the Load Device Configuration dialog box •It is also possible to configure Nemo Outdoor manually .

Or select Measurement/ Add New Device All installed Handlers are listed • here under device categories . remove( ) and change properties ( ).• • • • Connect all device components Check the settings of each port to which the component is connected Start Nemo Outdoor software Open: Configuration Manager – You can add ( ).

COM ports.Configuring Nemo Outdoor Phone Properties: • Select the COM port • Check device status. e.g. . you can use the Apply button to see if the COM port is working properly. If encountering problems with..

Nemo Analyze. leave these values to 0. If you are using the internal antenna of each phone OR you are not willing to make conversions. Values do not affect the results.Antenna Gain and Cable Loss Antenna Gain and Cable Loss are antenna-related parameters and they are used in the conversion of files into Nemo Outdoor. and NPS/X file format. . This is only a factor if you are also using external antennas. Values are used only for conversion during postprocessing.

Antenna Gain and Cable Loss Nemo Outdoor is at times delivered with the following types of antennas by Carant: .

Measurement Properties.General •Measurement mode: • Call • Frequency scan •Network Name •BTS File .

Configuration • Voice Number • Data Number • Video Number • PDP Context Properties • Data Protocols • ICMP Ping • PoC Testing • SMS Testing • MMS Testing .Measurement Properties.

Measurement Properties. Bitmaps are shown on line graphs and map. .Notifications • User can select a bitmap and/or audio notification for certain events.

.Measurement Properties.Scripts • Script files can be selected and edited for the device via Measurement Properties.

you can use the Apply button to see if the COM port is working OK. for example.Configuring Nemo Outdoor Scanner properties: • Select the COM port • Check the device status. . COM ports. If encountering problems with.

Scanner Properties • Measurement Properties – Scanner: .

Save As..Configuring Nemo Outdoor Script editor: • New.. . Open. Save.

Configuring Nemo Outdoor GPS Configuration: •Select the GPS receiver and COM port .

Nemo Outdoor and GPS Receivers • Garmin GPS 35 Receiver • Garmin III Plus Receiver • Trimble Placer 455 DR GPS • Any NMEA0183 compatible GPS Receiver .

GPS System /Dead Reckoning Gyro Heading Sensor Speed Sensor connected to the vehicle’s gear box PC Trimble Placer 455 DR Antenna .

Configuring Nemo Outdoor Map layer settings: • open a new map window •Open Properties The appearing Properties dialog box depends on which layer is selected in the Map side panel -Measurement route -BTS -Route Plan .

• • Device Route line specific settings Route-specific line coloring settings • .

•Show Textual notes •Show notifications •Base station –related properties .

Advanced Features • Route plan from a measurement .

Advanced Features • Route plan with Add waypoints functionality .

Advanced Features • You can upload measurement files from Nemo Outdoor to an FTP server when a measurement is stopped or at any later point via the Nemo Outdoor user interface .

gst file. .Configuring Nemo Outdoor With MapInfo® vector maps you can configure map layers. Map layers must be saved to the . This information is not saved to workspace.

the information related to device(s) is saved to the . The following views are saved to the file: • Device Information Window views • Grid and Graph views • Color Set and Parameter selected in the Map Window (Map layers must be saved to MapInfo .hwc file: • All information defined in the Measurement Properties Window .Workspace and Device Configuration Files By saving the workspace. different views can be saved to a .wor file.gst file) By saving the device configuration file.

Workspace and Device Configuration Files Workspace: Device Configuration: .

Introduction to the Nemo Outdoor Graphical User Interface • Main window • Device information window • Output window • Toolbar • Graphs & Grids • UI properties • Custom window • Configuration manager • Notifications .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface Main window: • Device info • Status bar • Output window • Script status Each window: • Toolbar .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (2) Device Info Configuration: Device Info: • ( )view dev parameters • ( )define displayed parameters • ( )configure notifications • ( )control phone • ( )configure measurement parameters .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (3) Status bar Output window Script Status window .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (4) Toolbar: • Toolbar tools vary between different window types .

• zoom • thresholds • scale • selectable parameters & values • selectable layers & values • average value presentation • displaying events & notifications .Introduction to Graphical User Interface (5) Line Graphs allow the user to accurately observe the measurement information.

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (6) Line graph Bar graph .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (7) Scatter plot Scanning results .

Double-click on an event to view more information about that particular event. and statistics to be displayed in the grid table. . It is also possible to highlight certain events with color to improve the clarity of the results presented.Introduction to Graphical User Interface (8) The user can easily select events. parameters.

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (9) Parameters Events .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (10) Decoded Layer2 Layer2 .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (11)

Layer3

Statistics

Decoded Layer3

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (12)
• •
Quick filter Advanced filter – Multiple conditions

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (13)
Color coding by event name/ID Color coding can be done based on a certain message, sub channel or decoded message. Right-click on grid Properties Configure colors…

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (14) •Grid color configuration for decoded messages .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (15) User parameters •User-defined parameters from signaling •User-defined string is searched from decoded messages. and the following value is returned •Parameter can be displayed in info view and graph side panel .

2. or all (Ctrl+a) Right-click on grid Decoded text/Text/Image Copy Decoded text Text .Introduction to Graphical User Interface (16) Export engine 1. Select part to be exported.

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (17) UI Properties.General • Buffer size • Save workspace on exit • Start recording automatically when application is launched • Show report after measurement ends • Show Pause dialog when measurement is paused • Show a dialog for critical errors • Open Script Status window when script is started • Play audio quality samples during playback • Show Welcome window when application is launched •Show Stop Recording Query dialog before recording is stopped .

g. The last number (%n) is the sequence number for measurement files recorded that day.Introduction to Graphical User Interface (18) UI Properties. For example.. e. "%y%b%d_%n means that the filename looks as follows: 06May31_1.Measurement • Filename Filename defines the filename format. The default format is %y%b%d %H%M%S (year-month-day hours-minutes-seconds. For detailed instructions please see the user manual. 06May31 165246) but you can use any combination of the items below. • Start scripts automatically • Force idle mode when stopping scripts • Stop measurement after script is finished • Synchronize script repeats • Use time from GPS •Wait for GPS fix before starting measurement • Redial after dropped call • Remove all forcing functions when the device is started .

Paths .Introduction to Graphical User Interface (19) UI Properties.

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (20) UI .Presentation BSIC Presentation Modes: • Decimal • Hexadecimal • Octal .

The other colors are used to draw graph lines and map routes.Introduction to Graphical User Interface (21) UI .Colors In the Colors page colors can be defined for devices. The first eight colors are reserved for devices. graph lines. . and map routes.

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (22) Creating a custom window .

Introduction to Graphical User Interface (23) Configuration Manager Plug-ins: •includes version information of program plug-ins Handler information: • includes a list of all installed handlers .

To edit the contents of menus. to add new menus. right-click on the menu bar or toolbar at the top of the main window and select Customize.Introduction to Graphical User Interface (24) Customizing menus and toolbars • Nemo Outdoor menus and toolbars are fully customizable. . or edit the toolbars.

parameters. and audio notifications marking certain events. textual. Nemo Outdoor will either play a sound or display a bitmap image in a graph/map when the defined event occurs during measurements.Notifications (1) Notifications are graphical. Depending on your configuration. . or values in the measurement file. The notifications come in handy when you are looking for certain events. Nemo Outdoor includes some premade notifications. but you can also add your own notifications.

Activate a sound and/or bitmap file for a notification by selecting and clearing the check boxes in the list.Notifications (2) To make your own notifications. Double-click the User Configurable item to open the Notifications dialog. expand the Notifications item in the Configuration Manager window. The table displays all existing notifications. From the table you can see the notification title and the selected sound and bitmap file for each notification. .

Notifications (3) Event displayed In a map window Event displayed in a line graph Notification displayed in the Output window .

Basic Features of Nemo Outdoor
• Manual / Automated mode (=using scripts) • Voice and video calls (Originate / Terminate) • Frequency scanning/ Pilot Scanning Mode • Channel Lock/ Scr. Code Lock • Cell Barring • Timeslot Testing • Forced Handovers • Missing Neighbor Detection • Neighbor list • Measurement list

Manual / Script (Automated) Mode
• Manual mode is based on the user establishing a data transfer

connection or making voice calls. • This mode is useful, when user wants to make a single continuous data transfer session or a voice call to monitor the resource allocation and cell reselection performance. • This mode requires the user to control phones with Nemo Outdoor. The user can also use the mobile keyboard to establish voice calls or data calls. This feature was implemented to Nemo Outdoor 4.14.24. • In automated mode Script files can be used to automate testing. The Script file specifies how the phone will establish data connections or make phone calls, for example, the phone number to call, call duration, number of repetitions, and the delay between calls. The Script editor is used to generate the scripts.

Script Configuration (1)

Save As. Open. .Script Configuration (2) Create a script by adding function items into the script window.. When the Use device settings for script commands option is selected. • add • modify • delete • move up • move down • Insert script • repeat script • New. Save.. the settings that have been configured in the Measurement Properties dialog are used for the script settings.

Successful Call Attempt and Completed Call .

Dropped Call Call attempt Call is dropped Mobile is on TCH-channel Call duration Mobile is in IDLE-mode waiting for next call Delay before attempt New call attempt TCH-channel assignment .

Unsuccessful Call Attempt Call attempt Connection wait time expired Mobile is in IDLE-mode waiting for next call Delay before attempt New call attempt Mobile is trying to make call Connection wait time .

Some examples below: Run 20 times GPRS Attach PDP Context Activation Idle 10s Send 10kB Idle Receive Send 1s 100kB 20kB Idle 10s Receive 200kB PDP GPRS Context Detach Deactivation Idle 10s Run 200 GPRS Attach times Idle 5s GPRS Detach Idle 5s Run once Run 50 times Run once GPRS Attach Idle 5s PDP Context Deactivation PDP Idle Context 10s Activation GPRS Idle Detach Idle 5s The user can combine GPRS Attach/Detach.GPRS Data Transfer Scripts GPRS Data Transfer Script can be used to simulate different traffic models. 5s . FTP. PDP Context Activate/Deactivate. such as HTTP. and Send/Receive/Idle commands.and e-mail.

g.. e. “wait until system change to UMTS until start a new call” .Conditional Scripting • Conditional scripting based on notifications.

A script file is usually used to automate the measurement. . The originate or terminate mode is automatically selected and the user does not have to select the mode.Originate / Terminate mode • Originate Nemo Outdoor makes phone calls • Terminate Nemo Outdoor receives/answers phone calls.

Code Lock (1) The user can lock each GSM test mobile to a base station during the measurement (to BCCH channel. While the call is on. Note that even though you are locking the mobile to a certain channel. In other words. the mobile is locked to a certain Base Station (BSIC). it is not possible to select the Traffic channel. . when mobile is in IDLE mode). Base Station can force the mobile to another channel when the call is on.Channel Lock/ Scr.

Nokia 61xx series) is not connected to the charger. it must be manually turned on again. some mobiles will power cycles itself. If the mobile (e. without a charger connected to the phone. . The same procedure needs to be done when the channel lock is turned off. This procedure needs to be done only with the Nemo Outdoor Single System.Channel Lock (2) After the mobile has been locked to a certain channel.g.

Cell Barring With the Nemo Outdoor measurement mobiles you can also access barred cells. that is. . During the measurement you can select if you wish to access only those cells that are accessible to 'normal' end users (Accept). also cells that are barred (Discard). The Cell Barring Status dialog box is accessed by clicking the Cell Barring button in the Phone Information window. all cells. and only barred cells (Reverse).

tst file with the test results in the Nemo Tools\Nemo Outdoor folder. for example. with Microsoft® Notepad. . Nemo Outdoor generates a .tst file. After the test has been completed. You can view the .Time Slot Testing (1) With Nemo Outdoor it is possible to test the time slots of any particular channel.

Time Slot Testing (2) BCCH Settings • Channel • Time Slots used by BCCH TCH Settings • Number of TCH Channels • List of TCH Channels Test Settings • Phone Number • Max Number of Calls to Complete Test • Run Test Until Completed .

Time Slot Testing (3) .

Time Slot Testing (4) Time Slot Testing Report Date: June 06 17:52:05 2001 Locked to BCCH: 791 Phone Number: 9724443456 Number of Calls: 18 | CH | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | +------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+| 791 | fail | fail | ok | ok | fail | ok | ok | ok | .

Forced Handovers (only with SAGEM mobiles) Target BCCH • Define channel where you want to make the HO Single • Makes only single HO Cyclic • Makes HOs in cycle Suppress Handover • Stops making handovers .

The field displays the UMTS scanner used. . Click Enable to start the missing neighbor detection. select Missing Neighbor to open the following dialog box. From the Control menu. A scanner scans all possible pilots whereas a mobile scans only channels that are on its neighbor list. • Available for both GSM and UMTS. • No need for neighbor list info in BTS file.Missing Neighbor Detection With Nemo Outdoor you can perform real-time missing neighbor detection. For this you will need an UMTS scanner and an UMTS mobile.

Neighbor list • • • • Data Grid Table UMTS/GSM Serving Cell’s neighbor list Real time neighbor list indicated by the network for the terminal No need for importing neighbor list info in BTS file Can be used in missing neighbor detection .

Measurement list • Select menu: Measurement Start measurement list Sequence of measurements can be configured Multiple devices for each measurement Different script for each device in each measurement • • • .

Packet Data Protocols Available protocols at the moment are: • Nemo Packet Data Tester • FTP • HTTP • POP3 • SMTP • ICMP Ping • WAP Testing • Video streaming/ video streaming quality Other test modes in addition to voice calls: • CS Data/ Video Calls • SMS • MMS • Voice Quality • PoC Testing .

Nemo Outdoor GPRS platform .

Note that the rate cannot exceed the maximum data throughput of the network. For TCP protocol. Port refers to the port used by Packet Data Tester. independent software and should be connected as close as possible to GGSN. Uplink/Downlink Data Rate defines the maximum rate for uplink/downlink data transfer in bits per second. Protocol defines the data transfer protocol in use.Data Measurements with Nemo Protocol Host Name is the IP address of your Packet Data Tester. Packet Size defines the size of the individual data packages sent in bytes. the default port is 2000 and for UDP protocol the default port is 2001. Nemo Packet Data Tester is optional. . Direction defines whether you are sending or receiving data. The options are TCP and UDP.

the ping measurement event will be created by using the timeout parameter (=-1). Ping Timeout determines the maximum time that Nemo Outdoor waits for a reply packet from the Packet Data Tester. Transfer Data Size defines the length of the total data transfer in kilobytes. If this time is exceeded. . Transfer Attempt Timeout determines the maximum waiting time after data connection. The size of the individual data packages is defined in the Packet Size field. the transfer finishes when the defined amount of data has been transferred. it determines the size of the reply packet that the Packet Data Tester uses to reply Nemo Outdoor. Transfer Duration defines the length of the data transfer in seconds.Data Measurements with Nemo Protocol Ping Packet Size is the size of the ping packet that is used to measure ping time. The value determines the size of the packet sent to the Packet Data Tester. Ping Rate defines the minimum time between consecutive ping measurements in milliseconds. that is. In addition. The value is recommended to be at least 10 seconds.

. The server can Be any standard FTP server.Data Measurements with FTP Nemo Outdoor has an integrated FTP client. which can be used to measure Data transfer rates between Nemo Outdoor and the FTP server. Current data throughput and transferred data size are reported during transfer and average data throughput is reported at the end of the transfer.

In the Username/Password fields you must enter a valid username/password for the FTP server. Port refers to the port used by the FTP server. each connection must have its own IP address. Note that if you have multiple simultaneous data connections. the client always opens those new connections so the firewall does not block the connection.Data Measurements with FTP Host Name is the IP address of the FTP server used. Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established. Passive Mode check box to activate passive mode. With passive mode. . Some firewalls may be configured to refuse any incoming connection requests.

Data Measurements with FTP
Direction defines whether you are sending or receiving data. Transfer Attempts defines how many times an interrupted data transfer is resumed during one FTP session. Remote File defines the name and location of the file that is on the FTP server. If you are receiving data, this is the source file. If you are sending data, this is the destination file. Local File defines the name and location of the file that is on your laptop. If you are receiving data, this is the output file. If you are sending data, this is the source file. If you have multiple simultaneous data connections and the direction is set to send for all of them, you must define a different remote file for each connection. Otherwise the different data connections will try to write in the same file. Also note that if there are several testing units using the same FTP server, we recommend that you use a unique file name extension (e.g., filename_tester1.txt, filename_tester2.txt, etc.) for each unit to avoid a situation where two testing units are trying to write in the same file.

HTTP Transfer Settings
The HTTP testing functionality offers the possibility to test how data is transferred through the HTTP protocol. Local File defines the output Proxy Type defines the type of the proxy used in file and location for HTTP the measurements. testing. Address refers to the address of the proxy.(http://www.yourcompany.com/testfile.htm) Port refers to the port used by the proxy. In the Username field you must enter a valid username for the proxy. In the Password field you must enter a valid password for the proxy. URL defines the IP address of the test file that will be downloaded. Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established.

POP3 Transfer Settings

POP3 and SMTP testing offers the possibility to send emails through Nemo Outdoor and to monitor how the message is transferred. POP3 protocol is used for receiving emails and SMTP protocol for sending emails.

Address refers to the address of the proxy.POP3 Transfer Settings POP3 Server Settings define settings for the POP3 server used in the measurements. Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established. Server Name defines a name or an IP address for the POP3 server. In the Username/ Password fields you must enter a valid username/ password for the server. Proxy Server Settings define settings for the proxy server used in the measurements. Note that if you have multiple simultaneous data connections. Maximum number of messages to receive defines the maximum number of messages received from the e-mail server. POP3 Receiving Options define how the test e-mails are received and handled by Nemo Outdoor. Proxy Type defines the type of the proxy used in the measurements. The View button opens a received test message in the E-Mail Editor dialog box. This will save disk space. In the Username/ Password field you must enter a valid username/password for the proxy. . each connection must have its own IP address. Port refers to the port used by the proxy. Port refers to the port used by the POP3 server. Select the Delete messages after receiving check box to delete all received test e-mails.

Proxy Server Settings define settings for the proxy server used in the measurements. In the Username/Password fields you must enter a valid username/ password for the SMTP server.SMTP Transfer Settings Server Name defines a name or an IP address for the SMTP server. Port refers to the port used by the proxy. Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established. Click the Edit button to open the E-Mail Editor where you can type the test message and attach files to the message . Port refers to the port used by the SMTP server. Proxy Type defines the type of the proxy used in the measurements. In the Username/ Password fields you must enter a valid username/ password for the proxy. Address refers to the address of the proxy. SMTP Sending Options define the test e-mail messages that will be sent.

WAP Transfer Settings WAP Gateway Host refers to the WAP gateway host. . This setting is operator-specific. Local File defines the output file and location for wap testing Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established. URL defines the IP address of the test file that will be downloaded. WAP Gateway Port refers to the port used by the WAP gateway. This setting is operator-specific.

Streaming Video / Streaming Video Quality Transfer Settings URL defines the IP address of the video file that will be streamed. for example. and to define streaming video settings in the Streaming Properties dialog. video quality blockiness. Local File defines the output file and location for rtsp testing Streaming video quality testing allows (optional) you to monitor how streaming video is transferred in the network. . install RealPlayer and QuickTime player on the computer. Nemo Outdoor measures. Data streaming can be made manually and with scripts. Timeout defines the time in seconds for how long Nemo Outdoor waits for the connection to be established. you will need to activate the Genista license. In order to be able to make streaming video quality measurements. and MOS. blurriness. jerkiness.

for example. You can use Packet Data Tester or any IP server. Packet Size is the size of the ping packet that is used to measure ping time. The value determines the size of the packet sent to the server.com/nemo.anite. it determines the size of the reply packet that the server uses to reply Nemo Outdoor.ICMP Ping The ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) Ping functionality allows you to perform ping measurements simultaneously with data transfers. . Host Name refers to the IP address or URL that is being pinged. In addition. www. Just make sure that the IP server used will respond to the ping.

• • • . Select the Ping until stopped option if you would like to continue the ping measurement until you stop it manually. If this time is exceeded.ICMP Ping • Timeout determines the maximum time that Nemo Outdoor waits for a reply packet from the server. the ping measurement event will be created by using the timeout parameter (=-1). Rate defines the minimum time between consecutive ping measurements in milliseconds. Select the Ping n times option if you would like to define the number of times the ping measurement is repeated.

. Timeout defines the time in seconds after which the SMS sending attempt is terminated. Enter the number without spaces and with the international country code. The number is found from the test mobile SMS settings. +3581234567. Message refers to the user-defined test message that will be sent. for example.SMS Settings Phone Number defines the number of the mobile where you are sending the test messages. Service Center Address defines the message center number of the mobile from where the messages are sent.

This setting is operatorspecific. WAP Gateway Port refers to the port used by the WAP gateway.MMS Settings MMSC Address defines the MMS Service Center address. Timeout defines the time in seconds after which the MMS sending attempt is terminated. This setting is operator-specific. This setting is operatorspecific. Note! Usually the APN for MMS is different than for internet connection. WAP Gateway Host refers to the WAP gateway host. Message Editor button opens the MMS Editor dialog box for editing and creating MMS messages. . MMS Message refers to the test MMS message used in the measurement.

Video Call Settings Only phone number needs to be defined. . Please make sure that the test SIM card supports video calls.

Username refers to the dial-up server username. Coding defines the coding scheme used in the air interface.CS Data Calls Number defines the number to be called of the dial-up server. Compression defines if no compression or v. .110 and v. The alternatives are Analog (v. Timeslots (UL/DL) defines the number of timeslots for each direction. Transparent Mode defines whether transparent or non-transparent mode is used in the CS data call.120). Password refers to the dial-up server password.42bis compression is used. Modem Type refers to the modem type that the dial-up server is using.34) and ISDN (v.

• Simplex RX is used when one mobile is sending and the other mobile is receiving the audio sample file. • Simplex TX is used when one mobile is sending and the other mobile is receiving the audio sample file. This option should be selected for the sending end. Voice Quality Mode defines how the voice quality measurements are run.Voice Call/ Voice Quality Settings Voice Quality check box activates the voice quality settings. This option should be selected for the receiving end. .

This option should be selected for the mobile that will be receiving when the measurement is started. • Half Duplex Start TX is used when both mobiles are sending and receiving alternately. . The mobiles will then automatically switch between RX and TX modes during the measurement. This option should be selected for the mobile that will be sending when the measurement is started.Voice Call/ Voice Quality Settings • Half Duplex Start RX is used when both mobiles are sending and receiving alternately. The mobiles will then automatically switch between RX and TX modes during the measurement.

Nemo Outdoor names the files as follows: prefix_mos_date_time. mos the PESQ score on a MOS scale with one decimal precision but without decimal point. . For example: terminal1_34_15112004_143045. the received audio files are not stored.wav. When a prefix is defined. If you leave this field empty.wav files that are no longer than ten seconds in length. and time in HHMMSS format. If you want to use your own test samples. 16-bit linear coded . make sure that the samples are of 8KHz sampling rate. Reference Sample Filename defines the reference sample to which the received audio sample is compared. date in DDMMYYYY format.Voice Call/ Voice Quality Settings Prefix for Received Sample Files refers to the prefix that is added to the file names of received audio sample files.wav where prefix is the user-defined prefix.

e. routes traffic. AMR 5. • Active PoC user is registered to the PoC server and has a PDP context activated. keeps track of the active users.. ”cellular walkietalkie” •Half-duplex voice over IP. always on connection • Radio resources are reserved only during call spurts PoC testing can be handled using Nemo Outdoor user interface or using scripts: • Start/ Stop PoC session • Press/ Release PTT button . handles groups.15 codec mode • PoC traffic is handled by a PoC server. i. etc. Push to talk is being specified also in 3GPP and OMA • Available PoC terminal is Nokia 6230i • A real-time one-to-one and one-tomany voice service over cellular packet-switched network (currently GPRS/EDGE).. which performs floor control.PoC • Proprietary Nokia solution.

Playback in Nemo Outdoor (1) .

Playback in Nemo Outdoor (2) The Play button starts the playback The Pause button pauses the playback The Stop button stops the playback Add Marker Add Textual Note Playback Speed .

Files Used by Nemo Outdoor .

dt2. . ft2.hwc • Script files •. .dtn •. .nsf .wor • Device configuration files •.nbf •MAP files • MapInfo vector and raster maps •Result files •. fs1. fsn… •.dt1.ft1. .dt3.fs1. ftn… • Workspace files • .Files Used by Nemo Outdoor •BTS files •.bts.

. the active BTS is indicated by drawing a line between the BTS antenna and the current position mark.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (1) The BTS (Base Transceiver Station) file is used by the Nemo Outdoor Measurement software to overlay BTS sites on MapInfo® map (. not to the antenna. the line is drawn to the base station icon. If the CI is known but the channel number is not available. coordinates and antenna direction required). When possible.tab). (Cell information. The line color differs according to the test mobiles.

Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (2) • Multiple routes • Different terminals and systems • Line drawing to active and neighbor cells • Different color coding for each route .

LON.CID.SCR.DIR .LAT.BSIC. SITE. Keywords are separated with semicolon character.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (3) The first row of the file contains the keywords that define the order of the parameters in the following lines.CH.CELL.

Site and cell parameters are separated with semicolon character.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (4) Other rows in the file contain the cell definitions. Each line describes one cell and contains a set of parameters describing the cell as well as the site in which the cell resides. For both site and cell information. . there are both mandatory parameters optional parameters.

Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (5)

Mandatory SITE parameters
Parameter Keyword Type Description

Site Name

SITE

String

Name of the site in double quotes.

Latitude

LAT

Float

Latitude of the site in degrees.

Longitude

LON

Float

Longitude of the site in degrees.

Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (6)

OPTIONAL parameters

Parameter

Keyword

Type

Description

System

SYSTEM

String

“GSM”, “TDMA”, “CDMA” or “UMTS”

Antenna Height

HEIGHT

Integer

Values range from 0 to 1000

Antenna Tilt

TILT

Float

Values range from -90 to 90.

Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (11)

GSM CELL Parameters

Values range from 0 to 65535. BSIC Cell ID BSIC Integer Values range from 0 to 255. Antenna Direction DIR Integer Values range from 0 to 360 degrees. . Channel Number CH Integer Values range from 0 to 1024. CID Integer Cell identification.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (12) Mandatory Parameters for GSM Parameter Keyword Type Description Cell Name CELL String Name of the cell in double quotes.

Values range from 0 to 65535. Values range from 0 to 65535. . TCH Channel X TCH_X Integer Values range from 0 to 1024. Values range from 0 to 255. Neighbor X Cell ID NX_CID Integer Neighbor cell identification. Neighbor X BSIC NX_BSIC Integer Values range from 0 to 255. RAC RAC Integer Routing Area Code. Neighbor X Channel NX_CH Integer Values range from 0 to 1024.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (13) Optional Parameters for GSM Parameter Keyword Type Description LAC LAC Integer Location Area Code.

10022.804817.200 DA1002.815.200 .NemoCell6.779198.799.LON.0 DA1002.NemoCell4.3.32.-96.779198.-96.804817.Nemo Outdoor and MS BTS File (14) Example of GSM MS BTS File SITE.3.804817.32.0.32.807.-96.780067.10012.792.-96.BSIC.10010.CELL.35 DA1001.NemoCell5.797684.CID.-96.-96.32.NemoCell3.780067.10011.NemoCell2.797684.0.110 DA1001.NemoCell1.804.100 DA1002.10021.780067.32.CH.32.0.DIR DA1001.797684.LAT.779198.10020.3.788.

TAB). .Nemo Outdoor and Maps Nemo Outdoor supports MapInfo® maps (.

TAB File and Image File The . updating the map window will slow down Nemo Outdoor functions. .tab files have to be in the same folder in order to view a MapInfo® map. The corresponding image and .tab file contains information about a map (such as location coordinates) and is used by Nemo Outdoor to refer to a particular map.. We recommend you to minimize the map size by reducing the amount of colors to 256 or 16. If you are using a large map. or turning the color map to black and white.

Example of MapInfo® . "m".TAB File !table !version 300 !charset WindowsLatin1 Definition Table File "oulu. 3500000.1) Label "Pt 2". 28. 0. (3500000.7280000) (0. 1.7200000) (0.7280000) (3999.7200000) (3999.tif" Type "RASTER" (3420000. 0 Units "m" RasterStyle 5 1 . (3420000.0) Label "Pt 1". 27.3999) Label "Pt 3".3999) Label "Pt 4" CoordSys Earth Projection 24. (3500000.

Layers of MapInfo® Maps .

During the Measurement .

using scripts. calls can be made manually from Nemo Outdoor User Interface or using the keypad of the test terminals. . Nemo Outdoor makes calls according to the script file. Without script files. • Selecting Windows and layers & values to be displayed • Inserting Markers You can insert markers to a measurement file by pressing space bar on your keypad or numbers between 0 and 9.Measurement Control Making Calls • In the Call Mode.

Ending Measurements •Terminate ongoing calls •Stop scripts •Stop measurement •Exit Nemo Outdoor .

You can use floor plans as maps. the indoor option offers a marker function to store location data. .Indoor Measurements Nemo Outdoor has an indoor measurement option in which case Nemo Outdoor can be installed on a Tablet PC. Just click markers along the measurement route and the route will be drawn on the map. As GPS receivers cannot be used indoors.

Indoor Maps .

Importing Maps • Enter – map dimensions for Indoor maps – GPS coordinates for Outdoor maps .

Some Rules for Drive Testing .

and connectors. etc. Check that connectors are properly connected. cables. it may cause interference with other antennas. Place antennas correctly on the roof of the vehicle. Loose connections cause unreliable measurement results or wrong attenuation figures. If antennas are too close to each other. .Some Rules for Drive Testing (1) Check the condition of all antennas.

DO NOT PULL (!) antennas from antenna cables! • When using Nokia GSM/UMTS mobiles the Field Monitor MUST be turned off! When using Nokia CDMA mobiles the Field Monitor MUST be turned on! • Do not drive. .Some Rules for Drive Testing (2) • Check configuration before starting the measurement • When removing antennas after drive test. measure. Prevent traffic accidents. and monitor Nemo Outdoor User Interface at the same time.

Post Processing .

Nemo Outdoor Measurement Results • • • What is produced by Nemo Outdoor during the measurement? What kind of data is collected by Nemo Outdoor during the measurement? How to use this data? .

DT1 file is produced.FS file is produced.Nemo Outdoor Measurement File • • • • • With Call mode measurements. Open ASCII non-proprietary file format. With Frequency Scan (Separate Scanner) measurements . *. *. Current file format version is 1. With Frequency Scan (mobile) measurements.FT file is produced. *. Easy to view and use .86.

layer 2. RLC/MAC.Nemo Outdoor Measurement File Contents • • • • • • • • • Field strength results of the serving and neighboring cells Quality class values Mobile output power level Layer 3. LLC and RRC messages Geographical coordinates and time Call events and handover events Location update events Channel information Other information .

Nemo Outdoor Measurement File Contents • • • Header Information about the measurement configuration Events and Measurement Data All the measurement events and data in a structured format Footer Indicates normal completion of the measurement .

Event Structure • • • [Event ID] [co-ordinates] [time] [event parameters] Event ID Co-ordinates [longitude] [latitude] [height] [distance] [GPS status] [number of satellites] [velocity] Time [hour]:[minute]:[second].[thousands of seconds] Event parameters .

Events Category (for Voice Calls) Examples: Category Channel Information Events Channel Info Service Information Frequency hopping status Location update attempt Location update accepted Location update fail Call Attempt Incoming Call Call Connect Call Failed Call Disconnect Handover Attempt Handover Success Handover Fail Cell Reselection RX Level RX Quality MS Power Timing Advance Layer 3 Uplink Layer 3 Downlink Marker Change of Day Events ID CHI SEI HOP LUA LUS LUF CAA CAI CAC CAF CAD HOA HOS HOF CREL RX L RX Q MSP TAD L3U L3D MARK DATE Location Update Call Handover Measurement Event MS-BS Signalling Miscellaneous .

2006 12:21:31 #ID Id tag for simultaneous measurement files : {92ED8EC9-4854-4d2c-BAFF9B60A133CAAB} #AG External antenna gain (dBi) : 0.Example of Nemo Outdoor Measurement File header *** NEMO PRIME 4.19. RM-1.00 #HV Handler version : 4.67 #MT Mobile type : RM-1 #NN Network name : #NT Network type : GSM 900/GSM 1800/GSM 1900/UMTS 2100 FDD #PN Test call phone number : 10070 #SW Device software version : NTM 10.9. 22-04-05.827 LUA 0.19.0004.827 . V 0447v16 #HW Device hardware version : #SI Subscriber Identity : 244915960011654 #EI Equipment Identity : 354349009662795 #PC Packet capturing : Disabled GAA 0.000000 0.nsf #CL External cable loss : 0.00 #BF BTS filename : #CF Call list filename : 10070.000000 0.827 GAC 0.8.000000 0 0 0 0 0 12:21:42.000000 0 0 0 0 0 12:21:42.84 21.000000 0.000000 0 0 0 0 0 12:21:42.67 ff ver 1.

Analyzing Measurements • • • • • Playback in Nemo Outdoor Using Nemo Analyze Using a text editor Using spreadsheet software such as Microsoft® Excel Using Visual Basic .

Beijing 100022.anite. + 358 50 395 7800 Fax. China Address: Anite Singapore Pte. 22nd Floor. 6225 N Hwy 161. + 358 8 551 6182 Address: Anite Finland Ltd. Yi 118. Jianguo Road.Nemo Technical Support Americas Tel. Suite 425. 90100 Oulu.com/nemo . Fax. Finland Singapore Tel. USA China Tel. Chaoyang District. Fax. 101 Thomson Road. United Square Singapore 307591 Email: nemo. +65 6254 9003 +65 6254 9885 Fax. +86 106 567 8528 +86 106 567 8521 Address: China Office Room 2206. Address: Anite Telecoms Inc. #20-05. Sepänkatu 20. Irving.com Internet: www. The Exchange Beijing. +1 469 951 9105 +1 469 774 4608 (En español e português) +1 972 929 9898 Global (Except Americas) Tel. No. Ltd.helpdesk@anite. TX 75038.

Questions? .

Additional Notes .

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