.I

/

For class or self-study

Reading and Writing

Jeremy Ha rmer
&T MarshallCavendish London'
Singapore New York

0

The Just Series The Just series is an integrated series of books that can be used on their own or, when used together, that make up a complete course with a consistent methodological approach. The Just series is designed for individua I skills and language development either as part of a classroom-based course or a self-study programme. The approach is learner-centred, and each unit has clear aims, motivating topics and interesting practice activities. The Just series is for adult intermediate learners and can be used as general preparation material for exams at this level. The Just series has four titles:
Just Just Just Just Listening and Speaking 0 462 00714 6 Reading and Writing 0462 00711 1 Grommaro 462 00713 B Vocabu/aryo 462 00712 X

Photo acknowledgements
pB All pictures by Ronald Grant Archive; p12 Rex Features;

p14 The Argus, Brighton /Richard Grange; p21 (QRoyaltyFree/Corbis; p22 (QSo Hing-Keung/Corbis; p23 top ©Martin Peters/lmageState/Alamy; p23 Topham Picture point; p24 Pictures Colour Library; p26 By permission of Penguin Books; p26 Ronald Grant Archive; p27 Ronald Grant Archive; p2B top/bottom ©Robert Harding World Imagery/Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Ala my; p30 Tim Heatherington/Network Photographers; p36 Bettman/Corbis; p36 Rex Features; p37 Corbis; p3B Marshall Cavendish Archive; p38 The Bridgeman Art Library, Portrait of Ann Boleyn{1507-36), Second wife of Henry VIII of England, 1534 by English School (16th century) Hever Castle Ltd, Kent, UK; p38 The Bridgeman Art Library Portrait of Catherine Howard (c.1520-d.1542) 5th Queen of Henry VIII from 'Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elizabeth', published in 1825 (w/c and gouache on paper) by Sarah Countess of Essex {d. (1 B3B) Private Collection /The Stapleton Collection; p3B The Bridgeman Art Library Portrait of Catherine Parr (1512-4B) sixth wife of Henry VIII (1491-1547) (panel) by English School [16th Century), National Portrait Gallery London UK, Roger-Viollet, Paris; p3B AKG London/Eric Lessing Jane Seymour (1509-37) p3B AKG London/Eric Lessing Anne of Cleves (1515-57); p3B AKG London Catherine of Aragon (14B5-1536); p44 Topham Picturepoint; p44 Marshall Cavendish Archive; p50 Ronald Grant Archive; pSO Jean Michel Basquiat, The Horn Players, 19B3 ©ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2003/The Broad Art Foundation; p54 a-f ©Reeve Photography; p54 d ©H, Rogers/Art Directors and Trip; p62 ©D K Khattiya/Alamy; p64 ©Reeve Photography; p66 Paul Almasy/Corbis; p66 Ronald Grant Archive; p69 By permission of Margaret Johnson/ Cambridge University Press; p70 By permission of Harper Collins Publisher; p70 By permission of Penguin Books; p70 By permission of Random House; p70 By permission of Faber and Faber for their book cover 'Kitchen' by Banana Yoshimoto; p70 Little Brown; p74 Lina Arnoff; p76 ©Reeve Photography; p78 Hedferns: pBO ©Paul Lowe/ Panos Pictures; pBl by kind permission of David Wilde \1:)2002Delphian Records Ltd.

Text acknowledgements
p14 based on Plane crashes into house, ©Oaily Mail 02/04/01; p1B based on Shopping by John Crace, ©Guardian; p24 Backpackerland, based on an article by Jason Burke, Observer Newspapers; p26 Extract from The Beach, Alex Garland (Viking, 1996) ©Alex Garland, 1996; p30 No Home, No Job, No Worries ©C J Stone, from The Big Issue 11-17 August 1997; p32 The Confession ©Brian Patten; p33 I Am Completely Different, translation ©James Kirkup, original ©Karoda Saburo; p42How to make those New Year's resolutions stick, ©Dr Pauline Wallin; p44 Marathon marriage just the tip of the iceberg, based Angel of the Bridge ©Daily Mail 23/04/01; p52 Neighbour bites dog in fence dispute, ©Jeremy Harmer, reprinted by permission of Pearson Education Limited; p60 Wired? Not worth it! based on Dumbing Us Down ©Theodore Rosznak, News Internationalist issue 26, December 1996; p6B Extract from All I want ©Margaret Johnson; p74 Not just a man's game, based on Something for the Ladies ©Stephanie Merritt, Observer Sports Monthly, April 2001; pB4 Rachel, taken from Trumpet Voluntary, ©Jere.my Harmer; pB6 Is This Love? A Closer Look, based on an article by Bob Narindra.

e 2004 Marshall Cavendish Ltd First published 2004 by Marshall Cavendish Ltd Marshall Cavendish is iI member of the Times Publishing Group All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, Of by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers. Marshall Cavendish ELI 119 Wardour Street London W1FOUW Designed by Hart McLeod,Cambridge Illustrations by Vane Christiansen, Rod Hunt and Jennifer Ward Printed and bound by Times Offset IMISdn. Bhd. Malaysia

Contents
Unit: 1
A Check your character B The story of Eugene Onegin C Personal reports 6 8 10

e_~
Unit: B
A Graffiti B From graffiti to art fame C Making text work 48 50 52 54 56 58

Unit: 9 Unit: i!
A Overalls B Not a very ordinary day C Headlines and newspapers 12 14 16

A Talking bodies B Surviving an interview C Summarising reports

Unit: 10 A The case against computers 60
B Loving technology 18 20 23 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 C txt msgng 62 64 66 68 70
72

Unit: 3

A Supermarkets B Shopping and the Internet C Paragraph construction

Unit: 11 A Who wrote Shakespeare?
B Alii want C First lines

Unit: 4

A Backpacking B The Beach C Text coherence

Unit: Ii!

A In the ma nager's office C Using acronyms

B The women of Fulham LFC 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88

Unit: 5

A The van B Poems C Letter writing

Unit: 13 A The cellist
B The story of Vedran Smailovic C Correcting and ordering

Unit: 6

A Three women B A dangerous husband C Biography

Unit: 14 A Rachel
B How do you know it's love? C 'Small ads'

Unit: 7

A Resolutions B The best place to get married? C Invitations

Answer key

89

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For the teacher The Just series is a flexible set of teaching materials that can be used on their own.Introduction For the student Just Reading and Writing (Intermediate) is part of an integrated series of books designed for you to study on your own. football. graffiti.". above all. the Internet and text messaging. If you use your dictionary too early you may find it more difficult to understand the general meaning of the text. that you will enjoy using it. or in any combination. information technology. . Although we encourage the use of dictionaries. our advice is not to use one until you have done all the exercises in a section.~) at the end of an exercise it means that you can refer to the Answer Key at the back of the book and check your answers there. containing a variety of reading texts and exercises on subjects such as music. We are confident that this book will help you progress in English and. This book has a lot of practice exercises to help you with reading and writing. Each book in the series specialises in either language skills or aspects of the English language. or as a set to form a complete integrated course. When you see this symbol ( q. The Just series has been written and designed using a consistent methodological a pproach that allows the books to be used easily together.. It will help you improve your reading and writing skills in English. Our aim has been to provide texts and tasks that are in themselves stimulating and that could lead to any number of different activities once the exercises in this book have been completed. or together with other students and a teacher.. It can be used either in class or by students working on their own. There is a comprehensive Answer Keyat the back of the book. We have chosen the texts and tasks carefully to offer an interesting and challenging mix of topics and language styles. Just Grammar and Just Listening and Speaking. We have included contemporary uses of English such as email. tourism and survival. Just Reading and Writing consists of 14 units. We are confident that you will find this book a real asset and that you will also want to try the other titles in the series: Just Vocabulary. These are designed to give students experience of reading and writing in different styles of English. and where free writing is required an 'example answer' is given.

Do you: a call and say 'My friend isn't feeling very well. do you: a wish you'd gone to a film with lots of guns and explosions? b leeI bored? c cry? 'fnend criticises something new you -"~wearlng. and encourage other people to do the same? c jump up and down. Do you: a-clap politely but happily? b clap enthusiastically. I'm watching television'? b continue to watch television while they talk? c turn off the television and listen attentively? "u'fbrother's friend rtngs to say that ~b~. Do you: a ~ay'll don't care what you Ihlnk..-D~':donrtfeel like going to work or you went to a party last night. Do you: a say 'How lovely to hear from you.~tlrlng week.r-.-. even though U's inconvenient? "c'.JiJst arrived In your town. your boss asks you If you "'ork at the weekend to finish an gent job..ib.. I need to think about it'? c agree Immediately because you wanl to be helpful? ~§tt~ ~()rr:Watch a friend or relative win In a c0':'1petitlon..a.:. cheering as loudly as you can? 1]fiday evening.your car. I'm staying at home to look alter him'? b call and say you are ill? c go into work or school and Iry your best? off their bicycle in the of you. ~~t the end of a romantic film when the l\tglrl and the boy finally say they love r" . Do you: a refuse politely and say 'The weekend Is for my family'? b say 'I'm not sure.e~ A Check your character 1 Read the following personality questionnaire and choose an answer for each question.roblemswhlle you are watching a iV'jirogramme.a . Do you: a say 'Not now.rii'eone asks you to give them a 11ft i.. What a pity I'm just going out'? b try and find out how long he's going to stay before asking him over? c invite him to your house straight away? ~. .. etriiBtJnfront . but I wasn't going to go that way'? c say 'Yes of course'.•.·.j::§)1 because . '""each other. Do you: cafr-6t't 'Are you OK?' but keep on walking? b run to get help? c keep walking because you have an important appointment and you dent want to be late? ". Do you: a say 'I'm sorry.· ."..f~IIS ~9.~.·.r.~.-n. I like II'? b decide never to wear It again? c go home and change Immediately? ~SQ. You've had a long ~~. Do you: a stay at home and read a book? b go to a show or film with a Iriend? c go to a club with a group of friends? Someone wants to talk to you about ~·If1p.. I don't want to go that way'? b say 'Yes. but they want to go somewhere different from you. but you already have plans to go out with another friend."~rk.

~~ ~{f:l a b ( .t·. ......... hem/it. ~....~ .UNIT 1: A 7 :2 Check your answers with the questionnaire key (shown at the bottom of the page)... If you can._ _ __ _ .... .....1I1l!... a Someone who is linked to you by marriage or blood is a c If you listen. ..:t. I : ..... Your friend asks to borrow it....... t ... ~. Look again at the questionnaire. a..: ~ b 1• ~:... "'\'\~ You see a child crying at a bus stop. .... .) The first answer Is done for you............ ~ .. Use the questions in the questionnaire as models (give three alternatives.. ... y 4. Do you: ~1a ( .......... read or watch very carefully..::~Bo ( '~~~)) grandfather has given you a special book..... b and ~b)for each situation.. S Find the words in the questionnaire with the following meanings.... . Do you: ... find someone else to answer them . .. b .. . Write the words that describe you.....<........ Write three more questions about the sltuatlons below..tlo.... ...... (The first letter of each word is given... f If you do something to the best of your ability you t.. you do it r...... Do you: Your _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _......... b ....' Two people are arguing loudly in a restaurant where you are having dinner. .......... b If you do something with a lot of energy and passion you do it e L d If you say something bad about someone or something you c e Something that is not helpful because it wastes your time is i.

He is Eugene Onegin. But Onegin does not love Tatiana. the writer of the poem. . was himself'killed in a duel . Prince Gremin. if only. In an ironic twist offate he now writes her his own letter pouring out his love fur her.. The story of Eugene Onegin tells of Madam Larina.. Enough time has passed. Three years later he returns to St Petersburg. Olga is engaged to the young landowner. Why has it taken him so long to realise how he reels about her? If only. In a final twist of fate..and quickly. falls to the ground. Pushkin.just like Lensky the character in the story.. She tells him he has come too late. he realises. Onegin is there too. He jokes with her and dances with her. pouring out her adolescent heart. 1 2 3 4 5 _. One day Lensky brings a friend from the city (St Petersbnrg) to visit Madam Larina and her daughters. in 1837. a man who has decided to be cynical. away from Russia. who lives in the country with her two daughters. He can hardly take his eyes off her and realises. while the mist still hangs over the lake near Madam Larina's house. that it is Tatiana. to walk the streets of St Petersburg in misery. unemotional and bored by life. One of the greatest works of Russian literature is the poem Eugene Dnegin by Aleksandr Pushkin (1799-1837). Tatiana is heartbroken. Tatiana is torn between her feelings for Onegin (whom she still loves) and her duty to Prince Gremin (who is kind to her and to whom. He challenges Onegin to a duel. but he is in a strange mood and. but they can't stop what is about to happen. All of St Petersburg society is there. who spends her time reading romantic novels. Olga and Tatiana.. for people to have forgotten about Lensky's death. Tatiana doesn't realise this and falls passionately in love with him almost the moment she sees him. Onegin sees a beautiful young girl dancing with her elderly husband. and he begs her to leave her husband to be with him. They both know that fighting each other is stupid. fur his own amusement. He goes to live abroad. At least he does not love 'love'. and there is much dancing and singing. It was made into an opera by the Russian composer Tchaikovsky and. She is angry with Onegin. Ever since its publication in 1825lt has remained popular. sure that he will answer her. he thinks. he starts flirting with Olga. A few days later Madam Larina t11roWS a big party for Tariana's birthday. and so he tells her not to be so ridiculous. a few years ago. too.that he has always loved her. Olga is more cheerful and outgoing than her younger sister.. Onegin has killed him and so he has no choice but to leave . of course. They take out their pistols.. the two men meet. suddenly. after all. his friend. that he loves her .6 _. that however much she wants to she can not walk away from her marriage. On his first night back home he goes to a big ball.. This time it is Eugene Onegin who leaves the meeting with a broken heart. She agrees to meet him. Lensky.. she is married). into a film starring the British actor Ralph Fiennes..8 UNIT 1: B ~e B The story of Eugene Onegin '11 Read the story of Eugene Onegin (below) and then put the pictures (a-f) in the right order (1-6). People come from all the estates near hers. Onegin fires first and Lensky. She writes a letter to tell him so. early. so that Lensky is first jealous and then absolutely furious. a widow. The next morning.

L ·.......::·~·.. .. _" __. f Who starred in a film of Eugene Onegin] g Who married Tatiana? h Who asks Tatiana to leave her husband? Who writes letters? Who wrote the opera Eugene Gnegini k Who wrote the poem Eugene 01legiTz? I Who was killed in 1837? S Look at the way the words in the box are used in the story of Eugene Onegin and then write them in the sentences. ~ . it means they have some If someone is a character it means they do not really exist.~Lstrallge. _ .!..' . :.:.... a Who challenges Onegin to a duel? b Who falls in love with Onegin? c Who has a fiancee called Olga? d Who has two daughters? e Who kills Lensky? .''.. .:..'a!.n1ciod'.. .:l..__ .':'::':\ .....c.<:...' e If someone is it means they feel different from usual and other people notice this. but they are in a story. . .~. ~.... ....:_ ..." . f If someone is much in love..:':'. 1 We call it thing happens...::. :.. ~...•. perhaps to the death..UNIT 1: B 9 :2: Answer the following questions... If someone is a land.~.. film or play.: ..:....:...• ..':.. .::.:.':'\ outgoihg~( ... . d If someone abandon it.'.~/..... L:L:. : :...:..~~./\::}'.--.:'... fictiol.::~·~::. something it means they can not :\ iri..~.Y.'···Ia nqownef.. it means her husband has died.\::. ' . b 1£ someone and passionately how they feel.. g If someone is friendly and enjoy meeting people. ... ....:\:.L~~).·...:~/.. ..:......_ .:dt~1 '~"""-~'~"'':'.:~.~:. '.'.... :.. The first one is done for you. _ 1>=. ~ f~te .~~'..·::_:::~. .'.\..:.:.. a If someone is a widaw.: . unexpected ..":'.. .. not when a strange.~·: :'::~...:.\'. .' "....' ......~their'heart::·· -_..' ". ..::"~~.....:~~·::"'i:._.' \'" :_:.. "..' .':. .:\. '~~'.. in love it means they are very it means they talk a lot..r<:t\: --. ....."~.-.. "challengessdrneon~I6'.:"". .. .~~...-. .. ..::..::~::.:':.:.-:' -...\' c If someone it means they are asking someone to fight them. are passionately .. '.J.: .: . ..~:'::':~. \.._ _ __ _ _ _ Lros~ ..'_~~~>. pours'ou.. '...:.i". it means it is silly.' ....~~.':~:'.~. The first one is done for you.::.."·_~~'~:..~'.... it means they tell you honestly ca'nriDt Walle awayfrom':.... h If someone is it means someone they love has left them or died and they are very sad._--.. ~::.. ." ".. " a twist b'F .. k If something is sensible.:l._:..'<:<:". -: . ..:.!~:<_.

1Assio11. .isive.".sti110' c 2 Look at how the different linking words in the reports are followed by different grammatical patterns. .s to eioss disC. .t!ll. st'lAoe.11. ('\1'td i1'tte.ie...re.11.ows C-011.1'tt worJ(e.{'\1'td is ve.{.e. Which student is she writing about in each one? a .ifj{'\tive. wrote these reports about her students .d{. but this time to be completely positive.\ss~{.{'\s{'\11..10 UNIT 1: r..tio1AS} -trie.. .} s {.t) obvi01ASflj si11.1'tdflY ('\1'tO pie.f{.. . b is c.trib1Atio11.." ::. ..\h . .o11..\11d o: iO[j{. .\i c.o1'tsc. The head of the college has asked Miss Smith to write the reports again (see a-c below). {.. i11.{.\ve.r) s!ll. t!ll. c...11." is {. the history teacher.\ !II.\11.\bie.c.\pP{j}e.".1J e.1ILt Vcre.e.r{.side.\£'w{. i is {.t) {.\ pfe.sitive.11... Personal reports '\l Miss Smith.{.prot'll.' .Ui(}e.is st1Ade. «s.1Asi{'\stic." .11 t!ll.. c.\S1ArB-to !II.i{'\ss wit!ll.\ de.re.\lYs i11te.c.

:'~'.. :... 'very creative .::..is hapa . ··obsessed .·:. ba.blilO._... .s jusr.:.tries~his ~----'c- best to nlakefriends ' ~.."-.'.... he is not very big..JQf.::..... <I>'"very musical. hard to make friends) ....... 4 Write two reports about Andrew Tregarron using the appropriate information given in the box below. she is not very intelligent..\ .. .:~ ......:~. Report i! notverypopular'(tries·to'o' .2i.\.. manner.t~...:' .:. sometinles·careless·. his lottery win.~ .and in the second more positive.. .Use._. bQ.:_.s·:>::"<..c......~.:'} :::\'.:.. A He is happy Stephen is very excited He played a good game She missed the train Arran is a good football player Mark is not very popular He failed his exam Sadia passed her exam 8 although in spite of because despite because of C getting up early.._. withrnLJsiC">· ~~-. ........ In the first report you should be honest. :-: ..• . Follow the patterns you have looked at in Exercises 1-3 above.:~.......:~. . t.. he has just won the lottery..:.·._:~. th~.:. Write your answers in the spaces below (one is done for you).~-~''':''. .._..c.. ....... ~::'..·:·~:. .UNIT 1: [ 11 3 Now combine phrases and sentences from Box A with phrases and sentences from Box C using one of the linking words in Box B. his hard work..._-..'.:.: . v..taf:t..'~ .. : ......_·.\"·······'.\'.':._~~....:... Report 1 a fa~tw(}rk~r _.'·".. makes ·rllistake.:'::: .~~":.u cf:~IJ:·.~ . his friendly and enthusiastic feeling ill.-'c:.\\:i.

he leaned out too far and lost his footing. It was two o'clock on a Friday morning._ . He hadn't seen any search planes.Overalls t Read the newspaper report below and then answer these questions. he had been taught how to make clothes into life jackets. 'I thought it was a ghost!' he told reporters. he was in the water. he saw a small boat. 100 miles from land. according to the latest press release from the Pentagon. Zachary Mayo went up onto the deck of the USS America. Finally he fell asleep. and twice he had seen sharks swimming around him. without thinking. watching the huge ship disappearing into the night. In a fit of madness he tore off his T-sllirt and shorts and prepared to die. His parents were desperately hoping for a miracle but they were almost sure that he was dead.woke up and couldn't get back to sleep. floating in the Arabian Sea. Mayo survived because at training camp two years before. a huge aircraft carrier._. and for nearly two days not one of the 4. and he was alivel But only just. Lt Zachary Mayo. . Then he waved his 'life jacket' over his head and filled it with air so he could stay afloat. a 20-year-old lance corporal in the US Navy. Idaho. Two marines had been to see Mayo's parents in Osburn.. But it was not a ghost. . They had to wait three days for news of his incredible rescue. When he woke up his overalls were floating away from him. He did this many times during his ordeal. A Pakistani fisherman. _ _. a What saved someone? b Who was saved? c What was he saved from? _ . half an hour later. Mayo was sure he would die. thanks to a pair of regulation overalls. Both nights that he was in the water he was attacked by smaller fish and he was slowly dying of thirst. His cabin was too hot and stuffy. And then.. just before he lost consciousness. He got off his bunk quietly so as not to wake his shipmates._. He took off his overalls and tied the arms and legs. Nobody had seen him fall. He put his blue overalls over his shorts and Tshirt he had been sleeping in. and left the cabin. USA.700 crew realised he had gone. He couldn't believe his eyes when he saw Mayo's naked body. After 34 hours. Abdul Aziz. OVERALLS SAVE ABANDONED SAILOR by Washington correspondent Alltlwny DOl'king A young US marine survived for nearly two days alone in the Arabian Sea. to say that he was missing. Before he knew it. was out in his boat that day. It was Zachary Mayo. He breathed in the fresh air and looked up at the stars in the clear night sky. And then.

a feeling that it is difficult to breathe: d a small bed often built above or below another bed.. and what happened three days later? c How did his overalls help him to survive? 3 Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings. . f to see something you can't believe Abdul Aziz couldn't believe ... suddenly [Mayo] lost his ~ ". a to go to sleep again He couldn't get b he didn't think Without c to be unable to stand up. ' ~ e to stop being aware of the world _. in a crazy ~ .. e the surface that you walk on. . a Why did Mayo go onto the deck? d Why did he think he was going to die? b How did he fall into the sea? e Who talked to Lt Mayo's parents.. .' ._ . Read the definitions and then complete the following phrases from the text..... a publicity andlor news given by an official organisation: b the headquarters of the armed forces in the . d to behave : . found in ships and in children's bedrooms: Language in chunks .' .: .. on a ship: United States of America: c air less..ai. just before he lost ~ _..' .' way for a moment ~ ... . In a fit .UNIT 2: A 13 :2 Read the text again and answer the following questions in your own words...._ ... f a ship that planes can land on and take off from: g a terrible experience: h a fantastic and amazing event: .

The port wing tip must have hit the roof.•.Harley. Mr Campbell.•. . six. II couldn't land on the railway line because of the electric cable and I saw a gap by the houses and aimed next to them. who flies all over the country to treat the patients of his private practice. and their children . The 52-year-old neurosurgeon walked away from the wreckage with only minor injuries to his face and head. before ploughing through the roof of the £150. It toppled into the back garden. 'I remember a bang.••. Read the newspaper article below and then complete the table. .000 three-bedroom house in the town of Shoreham-by-Sea. which was strewn with. Mrs Monahan. was at work at the time of the crash. and five-year-old Norton .14 UNIT2: 8 B Not a very ordinary day ..but it could also have saved her life.were in school. It plunged and clipped a railway bridge. Minutes after she shut the door. children's toys. Pilot Donald Campbell also had reason to be thankful..• Occ'upCition(s)\ '[. It was a bit rough. It began to yaw quite sharply to one side. said: 'It looks like something out of a film set.. He had been steering the four-seater Piper Seneca towards Shoreham Airport in West Sussex when the twin engines cut out. My amazing escape (from The Daily Mail) W hen Helen Monahan got a phone call asking her to pick up a friend's children from school while collecting her own she grabbed her coat and headed down the road. It meant leaving home five minutes earlier than she had intended .' Safety officials were last night examining the plane to try to discover what went wrong. 'I am trying not to think what would have happened if I had left home at the normal time. a light aircraft crashed on to her empty house.' said Mrs Monahan. said: 'I was coming into the airport and both engines cut out. 36. a 33-year-old boiler engineer. The tail of the plane was up in the air and the nose was in the fish pond: Her husband Marcus.

Label it with as many words from the text as you can.UNIT 2: B 15 2 Is each of the following statements True or False? Write T or F in the brackets.) a to collect someone who is waiting for you: b to control the direction of a vehicle or aircraft: P. a Mrs Monahan collected two children from school on the day of the crash. d The pilot tried to land on the railway line. 6". " clip c to fall or move down very quickly and with force: d to get something quickly because you do not have much time: e to give medical care to someone: . f There were children's toys in the garden before the aeroplane landed there... (The first one is done for you.". f to hit something quickly and lightly: g to hit something with great force and then continue moving: h to move away from its proper course: . uP. . b Nobody was seriously hurt in the crash. Look at this diagram of a Piper Seneca aeroplane.id<. '<'i' . c The pilot knows why the engines stopped suddenly. . .:' 41.. to su dd en Iy stop wor Icmg: . e The pilot flies a lot. .. g The first thing that the plane hit was the roof. . [ [ [ [ ] ] ] ] ] [ ] It)'''>- 3 Look at the way the verbs in the box are used in the newspaper report and then write each one next to the correct dictionary definition below...

".. A courageous villager battled through a burning bungalow to carry his neighbour to safety.. a "". ... . 'The gauge said we still had half a tank of petrol." ... .old Gulay Menguc ." terrtnes teenager sharp-eyed flight attendant neighbour from fire failure traps couple 2 Look at the headlines you have made and answer the following questions.. destroying much of the roof. .............' said 16 . e Turbulence ....." " "" . so .. .16 UNIT2: C ~..... a Which kinds of word are commonly left out? b Which kinds of words are included? c What happens to the tense of the verbs? ......... .. 1l Match phrases from the two columns below to make newspaper headlines... " ".year . A teenager flying from Istanbul to New York was absolutely terrified when the plane she was travelling in encountered major turbulence over the Atlantic. ............. 'but then the car suddenly stopped and 1 had forgotten to bring my mobile phone with me.."._ .".... They were throwing things at my car and hitting it with a baseball bat .. ""... 'I had just come out of the house......... 'We'd just had our meal when the pilot warned us about the weather..". Match the following stories with the headlines from Exercise 1.. ...' c How good is your eyesight? Could you see a burning ship from 35..' said Jane Bakewell after their ordeal..:.. A frightened couple spent the night in their car in freezing temperatures after they ran out of fuel... . 3........ .. C Headlines and newspapers a Fuel b Hero c Horrified d Saved . ....... Hero Laurence Broderick rescued jean Buiter after a fire tore through her home in High Street.... A horrified car owner watched as youths attacked his car with bricks and a baseball bat......"""". " "..000 feet? That's just what Julie did and today we say 'She's a hero!' Julie was working on a flight between Taipei and Sydney when she looked out of the window ...... ".... d ..... . Waresly........ Fuel gauge Hero pulls Horrified driver Saved by Turbulence sees attack "...... ' .•. e " .." ... nn (f:~·.. when 1 saw this gang of youths." ... b " _ __ _ __ ..

................. But I'm going to raise a lot of money from my sponsors....... 'I'm nervous about the race....... .. Ronnie and Chris.... was locked in a freezer cabinet all night when the door was closed while he was inside. the California meat packing company.l ..... after what? b Who attacked what with what? c Who saw what.......... 6 Using any words from this unit... ..........' said Emma..' she said.. a A worker at Simpsons.. Write headlines to go at the beginning of these newspaper articles..' he said... were very unwell.... 'but I ran around all night and that kept me warm ' b Two people were killed on Thursday when a large lorry crossed over the central section of the M40 motorway and smashed into a car... 'She's better now..... c Fans of the band Warmheart were disappointed last night when their concert was cancelled. from where? d Who was saved from what......... q~~......... but I wanted to do something for people in the future......LJNIT 2: I: 17 4.. They just couldn't play.'[. has been training for two weeks. and what effect did it have? . Then write a short newspaper article to go with it........' d A brave young girl is running a special marathon race in Bangkok tomorrow to raise money for cancer research.. a Who was terrified where.............. 'We were very sorry........... 'but two of the band members.... write a newspaper headline........ 'It was so cold I nearly died.. Answer the following questions..... Police are investigating the incident... by who. who is 15 years old......' ...........' Emma....' said Warmheart's manager...... where? e Who had forgotten what. 'It's very long. I nearly sent them to hospital. They were given tickets for the next concert tour in June.. 'My mother had cancer... .... ....

Fresh smells. . o Goods o Fruit and vegetables placed al ihe end of an aisle ellen sell five times more lhan those placed in Ihe middle of the aisle. . Is your supermarket plan similar to this? Few shoppers go 10 the supermarket wilh lists. such as those nearing their sell-by date. Supermarkets llke to make sure Ihatlhere is quite a lot of pleasant background noise.~~ASupermarkets ~ 11 On the supermarket plan choose the best place for: • • • • the products you want to sell most drinks the meat and fish counter fruit and vegetables Write in the names of the products where you think they should be. Security cameras are not just for catclling shnpllliers. Make a note of your ideas below. such as music or lhe hum of freezers. makes shoppers feel uncomfortable. try to control smells. and makes 1I1emfeel posllive. o Supermarkets a Meat and lisll counters are usually placed on the back wall. Supermarkets do not want to risk putting of[ Iheir customers by taking meat carcasses through the shop. may be pumped around the store 10 create a nice 'homely' feel. so supermarkets want to encourage them to buy a lot 01 everything. Supermarkets also follow a few shoppers through the shop so tllat they can observe what routes people take. How do they do lhls? o The entrance is normally at one side and tile exit at the other so lhal shoppers wall( down ailihe aisles before leaving. . Stores often move goods that they particularly want to sell.. smells. • smells: • colours: • lighting: • noises: _ __ . 111 at a Most shoppers buy bread. Suppliers sornetlmes pay supermarleis for tile besl places! meats and llsh look clean and bloodless. This information helps them to rearrange Iheir products so Ihat people buy more. are laken away by air extractors. Wilen you buy your lamb chops you are tlljnking of convenience and availability ralher Ihan a lamb in lhe field. a Some shelf spaces are better than others! Tile middle shelves on tile left are considered tile best place. Think about what sort of colours.. such as those of fish. as far away from the entrance as possible. such as baldng bread. and lhey Ihen buy more goods. . This maims people think they are going into an open-air rnarke. blinl<s an average 01 32 limes a minute. make people feel healthy and happy. Tilis can make cuslomers leel sleepy. Read the text below.. Cuslomers will have to walk past hundreds of oiher products to reach it. to these sites. D D ~. so Ihe bakery counter is situated o Vacuum-packed o Drinks are usually o Silence a located near the exit. are normally close 10 the entrance. lighting and noises there might be in the supermarket. All the supermarkets belonging 10 one company Ilave the same colours to make people feel al home. US research has shown Ihat a certain Iype of lighting can reduce this to 14 times a minute. Unpleasant aromas. a Siores are usually decoraled in colours o A person . Supermarl<ets hope that customers will buy because tlley are in a good mood as they finisll their sllOpping experience. []:' D .

The first letter of each word is given.__ _ _ . T IF f Sleepy people buy less than people who are awake. . _. b Shoppers like the sight of fresh fruit and vegetables. Note them down below. b Supermarkets try to make shopping pleasant for their customers. ... a passageway between two rows of shelves: b outside: o a . 2 . TIF TIF m. c the remains of dead animals: c e to open and shut your eyes very quickly: b d in a see-through container with the air removed: v . g People are influenced by what they can smell. T IF . . n Language in chunks 5 In the text opposite find at least four examples of the phrase make (someone) feel (something). 4 Find words in the text with the following meanings. a People go to supermarkets with a clear idea of what they are going to buy... d . . This is a bad thing. T IF d The goods on the top shelves always sell the best. T IF e Supermarkets still don't know what colours relax people.according to the text? Give reasons for your choice.. -b _ f the last day on which you can buy something: s g a continuous sound which is not very loud: b. .. c Meat counters are usually near the front of a supermarket.UNIT 3: A 19 Z Are the following facts True or False ._ _. ... -p . ~j:p:. TIF _ _ _ . h Shoppers like silence. 6 Which of these sentences summarise the text best? a Supermarkets try to trick customers into buying products that they don't want..T or F . TIF _ . This is a good thing..__ _ h watch: 0 . ~..

but many of them were spending money. and it's huge! The $250 million Arundel Mills Mall is one of the biggest shopping complexes in the United States. They're quick.the ones that only offer one thing. relevance. And every day there are stories about it on the TV or in the local papers. fulfilment. Those people sitting in their cars (some for more than an houri) clearly weren't there for convenience. it's a different story. especially now that studies are showing us how and why people use (and don't use) the Internet to shop. all I kept asking myself was "When was the last time anybody got this excited about a new e-commerce site? Is shopping online somehow fundamentally different than shopping offline?" I've begun to think It is. many of them were there because this monster was new and different and something to gawk at. During its opening weekend two weeks ago. but also includes social and entertainment aspects.. with huge traffic queues on the exit ramps leading to the mall that extended for miles as tens of thousands of cars tried to get into too few parking spaces. And since that opening weekend people haven't just come to look. So people in Sweden (who've had the Internet for quite a few years) buy more than people from France (who haven't had the Internet for as long). but very slowly. too. As I drove by. and don't go wrong in the middle of a shopping session. people In the real world are a lot more willing to put up with a lot of hassles in order to be immersed in an experience that may have shopping at Its core. support. there are enormous entertainment areas . and this is just the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. In the end. Online. For example one recent report shows that people only start buying on the web when they've been Internet users for some time.• not the ones that try to fight the megamalls. It's a huge success.and more than 7. You have to feel comfortable before you shop online! The most successful shopping sites on the Internet are small .000 parking spaces. sites that concentrate on the basics of customer focus. The Leading Edge Brand Marketing . service. True It's growing. In Baltimore. the place was a madhouse. Maryland we have Just got a new shopping mail.20 lJNIT 3: B •B Shopping and the Internet send feedback What Do Online Shoppers Want? I" The Leading Edge When real life collides with Net life. I think I now understand what it's all about. As my recent megamall experience proved to me. People stili seem to prefer the real offline experience to buying things from the comfort of their own home. don't ask for too much personal Information (somethIng that stops many people from shopping on the Internet). Sure. Shopping on the Internet isn't a success like that. it can really put things into perspective. Pollee patrolled the highways to keep shoppers from parking up to ten miles away on the side of the road and walking to the mall. They've already spent several million dollars. I thought long and hard about this question. They weren't there because they expected exceptional customer service. and function are the ones that are going to win . easy to use. It has a movie theatre with more than twenty screens. They're buying. But why? Why do so many people spend so much money offline while the online sector Is stili creeping along? When I drove by the lines of cars going to my friendly neighborhood megamall.

:. Swedish Internet sites are very small....\.:"' .'~"::..::.":_>"<':' .LLLI...~ ...:. '. .L.. .. 3 go for an 'experience' which includes shopping and entertainment. a a 'place' you visit when you use your computer to connect to the Internet: s:ir. c People who go to the megamall: 1 .:u/ '. 1 . 3 .... ."l.. '. the Internet hasn't been in Sweden as long as it has been in France. exit· rc:m 1~~_'_L...."~\:.~_''.. :.'... the Internet has been in Sweden longer than it has been in France. h~~.~· .:":.co nven ien ce .iL..•.'.><~:L"c"._..1l a fl r online .:: h .··... d People from Sweden buy more on the Internet than people from France because: ..L. ®-.. 3 is a new hospital for people with mental problems. ~ "..•. •ere ep~c:.. The first one is done for you._.~i_.r' . . 2 the customers are new Internet users... b The article says that Internet shopping sites are most successful when: 1 .. 2 is a new shopping centre in the United States.put thingsillto .".. ..i.'.....UNIT 3: B 21 "C Read the extract from the website opposite and then circle the best answers..:"'.. _' ~"".::'__!• . __ .: perspective" .'. _...u.'= :a Match these words from the text with their definitions. :. ·····c61Iid~'······ . to look around to make sure things are all right in an area or building: to move somewhere very slowly: unimportant something is: k something which helps you to understand how important or site when something is easy to use and useful for what you need: m when you go shopping in the real world: n working well._ .. ... ..::: .'''':'~·. ... Q~. b a line of people or things waiting to go somewhere: c a period of the year when a particular thing happens: d a place where there is a lot of confusing noise and activity: e short roads that are used to drive off larger main roads: f connected to an Internet site: .. go because it is convenient and the staff are extremely efficient. : g something that is annoying because it is difficult or chaotic: h to bump into: 1 ..L. a The Arundel Mills Mall: 1 is a new American online Internet site. .• assi e . .J::L::.':'''..'~>SL'::. 3 they are small and efficient and don't try to be like megamalls."':''''':''':''..~... 2 . _.~~o':\:..._:h .' .~ : . they try to be like the kind of shopping people do in huge megamall shopping centres.::>.:i:: .. 2 go because police patrol the highways.__::.n 9 ...._... ·::effi cien t' ·i::·_.without wasting time or effort: .

and (b) online shopping sites..s in it: . : 6 LOf1g~siq~eueson theopeningw~eke~d: . ia1 The megamall 1 Narrie of the mall: 2 Cost: 3 Location: 4 Number of parking spaces: .". '. . -...~ '..22 UNIT 3" B ~ Complete the tables below with notes about (a) the megamall.. 5What. . . ~..:. ..

who wanted to sell beauty products which had not been tested on animals.:.:'· Put the following sentences in order to make a paragraph. introduces the subject matter of the paragraph? . d Some people do not like her claim that The Body Shop is a better kind of business because it works directly with people in developing countries. __ ._ [L". What type of sentence (a-d in the list above): 3 4 3 follows on from the introductory sentence. b It was founded by Anita Roddick. _ _._.. G:._ _._ _. a Despite criticism... . _..7-~' b c :E~ Think about the structure of a paragraph like the one above. expanding on the information in it? . _ ._. and Anita Roddick goes on working with people all over the world. What information is given about: a some people? a lot of things? the majority of people? .:.:- . c One of the most popular organisations in Britain is The Body Shop. l:g. however. It is often made up of the following types of sentence: a b c d 1 1 an introductory sentence an example or explanation sentence an exception or question sentence a conclusion closes the paragraph? contrasts with the introductory ... Read the paragraph.. the shops continue to be successful in Europe and the USA.UNIT 3: C 23 •C Paragraph construction 1. 4 l.._._ u _. sentence? . many people? __ __ _. Can you identify the different types of sentence in the paragraph in Exercise 1? Write the letter of the type of sentence in the boxes in the text. .._ _ _._h.

. .' . has .····.iandyou haven't.. Back h0l116he'd always seemed . Which of the following statements best sums it up? a b e d Backpackerland Backpackerland Baekpaekerland Baekpackerland is is is is in Australia.'.."" ··. \Nelcome get off the plane youci:lh..:~.1ik. . They're'·.Backpacki ng 'Il Read the report on 'Backpackerland'..'.andseern ..go out On to the street •.d·intqGolin'·'. . •• •·• Once you've 'I~ftthe 'airp6rt. .~~~ .'Ft<'<.. .than you have for years. .1 t are fon:iigi'lvehicles. .. ..'~~~he~.'...andwrltlnq poetry by theroadside...)..: .I i .. ·'i to '. _. a name for any place where a certain kind of traveller goes..·.feel~xhallstedbut more alive the Atacama desert orthe snowy altitudes of Nepal. ·th~irmumshavesent them an email. . You.downthestreetyou. or hurry into thecybercafestosee.i . "'. '-c..Jnth'emornil1gyou.~·.··.ff1oreyoung people cross the world from " .our.'''.. . .< > .I Sa~kpackedan~.::: . and La paz are as fast as anything you'll firi'd in" . - '.. ... . ~~~E~. . .'B~it~i~\~~·~it... . the man who'd done the electriC.badlyb·ecause It's hcit/n.anyone ....'f~·c<?grJis:~. riskecl cuttingtherr..' home any more. the . quite real You go into it as a third-year economics .. cybercafe computerslnKathrnaridu~phn'om.'.ur.. a younglawyerfrom Seattle.ditioriedroon1.thei heat of .ey()u~self.~rne~ti.' studentfrom Liverpool.'and'iheColaba .. "Sydney..'.tosouth.....wjri~g in my'little .. mprepeople just.As did manageto. if "Tokyo..u6hhotterthan it'King'sGrossareaof 'WasWhEHl you left .......becausethisis an adventure and youaren'tat:. . ..tr~vellE!rs ~ but. the name of a kind of clothing.W:""':~'[.. '.~~..~1~f~J. " . Penh :~"" : cornpletelyat home as they visit the shops and ..::>. ' is cheaper thanever before..-..Travelling· has changed out of all recognition' in •.selvi:!sOff fikl!!' j ..'" home.sluffing . .fl:~~~~~ri:.. .':.different months fo'r a letter fr0rilyo. • : •.' drinkwiththeday~ef()r~y~ulef(roi1le...~.:.~!6~h~~~ '. . <the bravest who.: .. strange smells.: CEiu'sewayin India. not When I was lastJriThai1al1dlbuipp~.".:.• mUch'mOre il1teresting~locikirig than you.'..•..•"petediedleyonthe . nd a :care..in·theold'day~youwaltedJ()r:.' .••.' .•_.roperly.e'r!jainhefriElri'c:lY()'!:lhada. .....Berlin. you want tCl.• ·. . .~~~e~ay •.. rnarketstalls. .Backp~ck... \Nashington 'oT..'~~sttowest.bearl'dlife'is'tuU o(s'tJi'p·rises:·.' ..>: "'.The'>: •.ou(oftouch.. Each year. OntopoHhat you're . -'::. :"~ .. you find ya"urs~lf a cheaphosiel arid .:. . sleep.i" '.'..> pajdenougnfor an air.. .'exlstsbElcausetravel . It . gra~I'lY a~Hifyouever' ..colours and people wearing differel1tclothes.:..g •• poiritsJikEiKhao San> Road Bangkok.erland. 1 andhave. '. .\experienCetheclamourof MexicoCity. backpacks to .. '~...firstcupof cDffEle~ EvelYwhere there '.... 'Backpackerland isa newworldof possibility. travel guides .. . they've been' here for atleast three ·days. in .· o·· . ... Beside~:there'sthe noise oft he busy street and some crazy tourist' " playing'a harmonica a" night.S:i. ..tr~y:el .more and.)j '. '.':."ltwas'only . a type of cybercafe.•.' '.'. : . to .. "..No~you'realrTi6striever.~. '..you couldn't hear eachotherp.~.._ .·from north" ... ··that. . " . ...see more and .··cDl.Sothei'l11omerilyoLli .~o~:ten~~~~~ea~e~w~a~~6J~~e~u~. flat lnLondon." '.phoneho"'·e'itcostthe"eartll'al1dl you look 'up and ..i .he last 30 years.".". .. •.' .

........... Now write one of these comparative sentences.... (i.... (gn) b completely cost ....... ..... Ianquaqein ~ ~ 5 chunks (X and Y) I at home C Complete each blank with words from the box to make phrases from the text........UNIT 4: A 25 2: Read the text again and answer the following a Howald are most backpackers? questions.........__ _ _ .. h people with the most courage (paragraph 5):. than the text than (~~"".... are travelling? _ __ __ with _ each other and with people at home when they (? 3 Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings.......... ..... and usually in b mechanically cooled (paragraph 1): c tired because you've travelled across the world on a plane (paragraph 1): _ .. .... ...... 4 _._ __....t!......-: 4 How many examples of comparative (You should find slx. d Australia is e The novel is _ book. between of surprises of touch . ............. _ bull fighter in f Markets are usually shops...) and superlative adjectives can you find in the text? 1 2 3 . e out ....._ .... : ~ .... a a small cheap hotel (paragraph 1): e places where you can buy things ..._._.. the earth I 'a a cross d life is full ..... _ _ than Britain.. the open air (paragraph 2): ............-.............. b Swimming makes you feel than lying in the sun......... c Juan was the Spain..the places are often smaller than a shop..... d Why does Backpackerland exist now? b What occupations do backpackers have? e How can holidaymakers communicate c Are they rich or poor? _ _ _ ... f books specially for travellers (paragraph 3): ........ g noise and bustle (paragraph 4): d places with computers which anyone can pay to use (paragraph 2): ._ dancer I've ever seen! .. a Peter was .... 5 or superlative adjectives 6 in the gap in each of the folloWing .... _ ~ ...

Breakfast was served below the writer's room. Although J cou ldn 't understand what the staff were saying to each other. There were already a few travellers at the tables. an empty matchbox for an ashtray balanced on my stomach. a Coke. apparently wearing clogs. The writer was woken up by his alarm clock. J guessed thut signalled the end of the exchange. CUlling the tough skin into neat. Around five-thirty a few bedroom-door bolts clicked open as the early-bird travellers emerged and the diehard party goers from Patpong returned. I imagined they might be discussing who would go for kitchen supplies in the market that day or who would be sweeping the halls. Are the following sentences True or False? [] [] [] [] f g h i j [] [] [] [] [J [J <L::-. The kitchen boy came over to my table and stood there. and every puff I blew into the ceiling lifted my spirits a little higher. Before long my mind turned to thoughts of food. looking away as he did so. I left my room to see if there was any breakfast to be had in the eating area downstairs. CUlling off a good-natured argument about train times to Ciang MOIL One of them noticed me eyeing their food and he pointed at his plate. Bangkok's version of the dawn chorus. He distributed them to a group of Americans. I could hear their conversations. The conversations of the people who worked in the guesthouse were easy to understand. and a sudden swell of happiness washed over me. The writer ordered a banana pancake and a Coca-Cola. EnglishT 'Uh-huh. still sitting on the same chair as yesterday evening was the helpful mutefheroin addict. Then the water pipes under the floor started to raule as the guest-house staff took their showers. please: I said.' I nodded. He'd been there all night. I realised that the dreamless snatches of sleep I'd managed were finished. You?' 'A week. The two German girls were just setting off on their travels at five-thirty. As I sat down I gave him a friendly smile and he tilled his head in reply.' 'You wan' order drink?' 'Uh. so r decided to have n cigarette. obliged into making a snap decision. Next to him a sm:JII girl sliced pineapples. which tells the story of a traveller in Backpackerland who starts his journey in Khao San Road.' 'Please. A man was setting up his stall on the pavement. . 'One banana pancake. No. listening to the morning noises. I began studying the menu. A kitchen boy had wandered over with :J tray of fruit pancakes. Behind her an even smaller girl used a rug to keep the flies at bay. their thoughts connected only to routine. At five.judging from his glazed stare. 'l1 Read the extract from The Beach that follows. The writer started to feel hungry. One of them. spiralling designs.' He strolled back towards the kitchen. 'The business. 1 gazed upwards. the tension of the previous night became unreal and distant. and popped a piece of pancake in his mouth.' 'Been here long?' Since yesterday evening. 'You wan' order one banan' pancake?' 'Please. 'They smell pretty good.' 'Tuste better. The early morning smoke was a tonic. A girl offered the writer a pineapple while he listened to a tape. doziJy sipping glasses of black coffee.' he replied. a once white sheet of A4 paper with such an excessive list of dishes I felt making a choice was beyond my ability. the one I'd denied myself a few hours before. gazing at me expectantly through sleepy eyes. muffled cur horns began sounding off in the street outside. their chattering and occasional laughter conveyed a sense of normality: they were doing what they did every morning. It was a sunny day. Lying on my bed. Then I was distracted by a delicious smell.' he said.'" This extract is from the best-selling novel The Beach by Alex Garland.26 UNIT4: B @e B a b e d e The Beach Write T or F In the brackets. the plaintive sound of Thai rising above the splashing water. arranging bootleg tapes into rows. The water pipes made a lot of noise when the writer had a bath. Two German girls cluttered up the wooden stairs at the far end of my corridor.' 'You wan' one banan' pancake. 'Banana pcncakes. The writer saw someone who he had seen in the eating area the night before. one Spri. The sun was bright on the road outside. The K11l1oSan Road woke early. :J Sprite.

nets and plastic fly swats because they want to " " " .:.....~:. '"chatter'. . ..-~~:~. . -::-: f People who stay at parties right through the night can be referred to as ".. ~:"._:.:..:.::" .. ...:.a.: ..\" '-..~.".:. ...~:.~...::.:........UNIT 4: B 27 2..".~.:.. h We call the sound of birds singing in the very early morning the ::}:!:... say that the sound is C surrace.. When a sound is quiet so that you can't hear 'it very well. _"...'. __" _' .. " ... The first one is done for you.·· .keepthefliesiatbay'::.: ..~:. ·. ... b If someone seems almost asleep we can say that they are behaving c If two people are talking in a friendly and informal way about nothing terribly serious we can say that they are ...."':: .~ L.\\. ··early~birdtravellers\ :~:~ir~p~~~...-..:.~~". ." d People buy fly sprays.. we can say t I It rat .....::":>:._... ""....~"".)L'...:\'.."" .. -".. ." . _. """\C:i: .."".:'.'..<"'" .:. ~~ ." bolt...lr... . muffled'".c.'". we can ..' <..... "<>..". .::':«:<':':..~_:_~.::: dawn'chorus:: .:"....:' ' .':.." "....." " .':\ }~~~\·\~S~:S:::::: ':. ... Look at the way the words and phrases in the box below are used in the text and then write them in the correct gaps in the sentences (you may have to change the form of the verbs).~..is a metal bar that is used to lock a door.:.~...~.\:": ' .. .." ..-.'. .:. ~ 3 Find the following things in the text and write them in the table."b. .:-..".clatter' "<\'::':"':.:... .." .'...\:.. ".-. g Someone who looks excited because they think something good is going to happen is waiting .:~~..:..:.~: ::." .) . e People who get up very early to catch a bus or a plane can be referred to as .:.-. "" ". _ _':"-. ....'...' ._.. aA """.:.\ \ --'-.. . .\t... When something makes a loud noise when it hits against another ('(".:~. .

They are celebrated by too many people for that. a. . ___ . from Toronto to Tokyo. Make notes to show how you 28 UNIT 4: r would explain it to a foreign visitor. and it is said that he gave Ireland its national symbol when he illustrated his religious teaching with the shamrock . . They give everyone a break from routine and they form part of the annual life in that country. It is celebrated by his countrymen and admirers. In some . not only in Scotland but all over the world... . Public holidays and festivals are an important part of a country's life. (The first one is done for you. E Look at the pictures below.:. and people wear shamrocks.Irish for good fun. maries the birthday of the Scottish poet Robert BUrns (1759-96). Haggis is chopped mutton and other ingredients . mark the passing of time (New Year's Day) or celebrate a religious festival (Christmas.) 1 d. Sometimes they celebrate a day in a country's history (Independence Day).:· Another widely celebrated festival is St Patrick's Day (17 March).. .. Auckland._ .~ People go out and have 'a good craie' (pronounced 'crack') ._. On Burns' Night the guests eat haggis. St Patrick was Bishop of Ireland. which is boiled before being served.. . Explain: a b c d when it is what it's for what special customs or events happen on that day what you yourself usually do on that day __ .. from New York to Sydney. Burns' Night on 25 January.·:. } Two particular festivals are celebrated far beyond their native land. Diwali).including liver. however.a three-leafed dover. Melbourne. Do you know what the two festivals are? Now put the paragraphs that follow in the correct order.. But the festival is now more than anything a celebration of'lrishness'. 6 .:. e··... This is unlikely to happen to Burns' Night or St Patrick's Day.. but occasionally new ones come along and old ones gradually disappear. Montreal or Boston .On St Patrick's Day there are big parades.c Text coherence 'il Choose a public holiday in your country. sing Scottish tunes and drink a lot of whisky . commemorate a special person (Columbus Day).encased in sheep's gut. The first of these. . places they add green colouring to the beer and even to rivers and streams. The haggis is brought into the room to the sound of the bagpipes and the chief guest 'addresses' it reciting Burns' poem 'Ode to the Haggis'. heart and oats .. which celebrates the life of the 5th-century saint.. the other guests recite more of Burns' poems. Eid.... 3 4 5 . 2 Many national festivals have been celebrated for years. whether it takes place in Dublin. ·) . After eating.

..UNIT 4: [ 29 3 Who or what is: a b c d e Robert Burns? a haggis? the 'Ode to the Haggis'? St Patrick? a shamrock? 'a good craie'? .. . . Use them to write an article based on the plan below. 4L Look at the notes you made for Exercise 1. . . £ .

) _ a Since I started living in my van...... I'm ecologically sound too. u=J So I rang Ihe number in Ihe ad and arranged to go and see it.... No rent..... Where would I park? How would I wash? What would I do in the evenings? I'm the sort of person who needs people around. and some new sight greets you: some tree you've never seen before. Now I'm nol only a travelling writer........... or some beaulilul scenery that makes your heart leap. not rmch.. .. It's a lot easier than I thought..•.•. You ~iII see that some sentences are missing.. And how would I cope anyway with lite on the road? But I needn't have worried.... when I want. L I When he lost his flat...... not knowing where you are. Two days later I was the proud owner of a two-litre Ford Transit converled into a camper van... Then you look oul of the window......once or twice .' It was more accidental than that. Living in a flat in the city I missed ailihat.. I discovered I needed a new engine for my car....... Well... rn:=J Living in a van is cheap... .... at Ihe same time.. Where do the following sentences the text? (The first one is done for you. That mean! I could slay anywhere... I'm an optimist .•.. for the first few seconds.. It's wonderrul to feel that the whole world is your home.... I've had feelings I haven't experienced since I was a child 4... .... I suddenly found thai I needed......... No wonder so many people are leaving their houses and going on the road... Thai meant thai I would have to spend £1......600' _..... To start with I stayed on campsites that had electricity whenever I wanted to work. rn=I Alter all. I Jove being able to go where I want. No home.. But it cos! money and I couldn't concentrate because everyone else was on holiday and playing games right outside my windows............... I haven't yet round the perfect place... And then I found the solution: solar panels.. And • I've no doubt I'll find a site.. I'm a writer...... !CJ I wasn't sure I could handle it.000 to gellhe car back on the road....... ........ ... b T was trying to decide what to do when I saw the advertisement: 'Converted ambulance for sale £1....all my lire I've always believed I have a place in the world.... .. second... Freedom can be addictive.......... something to travel around in.... [C] So far I've slept in several car parks and lay-bys... . somewhere to live and....... And on top of that there's the sense of lreedom and the happiness that my new liIestyle has given me.~A The van (a-f) go In 'Il Read th~ text below....... I spend a lot of time poring over maps for ideal sites... ....... firs!.•. First 01 all I lost my lIat and then.. How will he cope with life in the slow lane? I didn'l wake up one morning and say to myself. ICJ I suppose it's just the excitement of waking up in Ihe morning.. No obligations............ I ask around among the travellers.._ _ ' c Now I begin to appreciate what the travellers have been telling us all these years d One problem I've had is what to do about power for my computer e Parking can be most difficult f At first I was nervous _ ............ It was love at first sight! I made my decision straight away......just by the roadside..... ' writer CJ Stone decided \) to 'go on the road'....... . and..•. 'I think I'll go and live in a van....... No job. No worries...•... but you can't give big parties in a van. one or two festival silas and ....

_..J.... f a campsite and a camper van ..... ... .. 4 Explain the difference between: a ..... a C] Stone decided to Jive as he does because d CJ Stone loves his new life because __ ....... ...• d ...bf......... :........et\t................ ...... 5...I(.w .......... she's the one for him.'I!O. c CJ Stone has parked in many places.I... Use them in the gaps ......... O~fI..!'...........AQ @fko.....IJI p.d..\ .' ....J......~ny..fT~1 lf...p.....) bnpOIJJ\c .... (~'... Look at these phrases from the text. ... an accident and something that is accidental...... '3'......f........... a sense of freedom make a decision cope with have no doubt [that} spend a lot of time [doing something] ..... a What is C] Stone's job? b Where does he live? c What does he think of it? _ ....et. ... Language in chunks ~ S.... b C] Stone worried about his decision because e C] Stone solved his computer problems by ....~...UNIT 5: A 31 E Answer the following questions. a road sign and the roadside .lnl'\J'\A J "".hi(......hI1.. such as . a I can't b He computers......aooet....~ ~Q~. J~J....... U. Read the text again and complete the following sentences. '"' F......1.b(. f'... ..Wl 1.M....t . .. .................... e an optimist and a pessimist .. c I'm not sure whether to buy a camper van. writing stories on his computer.~~ J?~ th~:t.. t.t.... ..iS whet. He .... J_f\ J.......... ... ."... a park and a car park..~wd. He never seems to stop! soon..... . /LIJ".::x~. but I'm going to d Walking in the countryside gives me e He wants to marry her...... ..... • lC' . I just don't understand them........\s.::::/ @.~... b " ..... "... ... '..........\j .......\ S......._u .....Gl. c a site and a sight _ _..... z... . £ The advantages of Jiving 'on the road' are ............!..

Write the numbers 1-3 in the brackets..noon.U .. grip.ul/~fte.' Check the answer key.-.JU<:.. ..32 LJNIT 5: B B 'jj Poems Read the following poem.b)iBrian Patten < . -..·· 'The day was hot and my body hummed.. .. ..- . 'The Confession'.itJ~s UdJ. Twasbored and in search of an adventure seemed beyond you.. me the camera .. ····'\"fh~'8o~essi~n· . the photograph.•':Whenhe. she said. . a.p0rIlpOUS. in the background. ..ning so openly.Showed herthephotograph again... rrieover and over how to use it smilingstiffly. -. What is the correct order of the three verses. forget that day? . rememner taking it. behind you .-'" - -. . so blind to everything.. young then. Did you get the order right? . .

Check the correct answers in the key.' . "":. :.. '. nothing -------_.." .. •.. i '.. (h) me. tal~s'a~()utan incident in : th~ P~~~? ..'... today I am completely different.... on all the twisted smiles and horse laughs and glimpse then.patiently' -.:~is written by a poet talking about ..:": \' .. __ .:.. .. am as (b) as yesterday. :':. ... .' 3 Tick the correct column for each of the questions below.:.~. _"""" .:: n' c..--_.:..•••...' . ..: ...._._...... .... .. AhI (f) close my eyes on all the grins and (g) . . Though I am wearing the same (d) ..:..alcmg~kept secret? ..~. '...... ..'..:".. is'~~re o~timisti~ than pessirTlisti~? . " ""... . ... ....._--_ wearing smirks . .... • '.:. . as good for (e) as yesterday.::.: :~::'~:.•••• ~ •••• h . .' '. . himself or herself? .. f.... a '.__. ..... . ."_' ...~~::...'g~.. : .·.talksabout:clothes? ' .. I Am Completely Different b)1 Karoda Saburo I am completely different. h~sthrElepeopleinlt? '.__ inside '.. Different' .. " ~IAmpO~~leteIY .' • ••.. ..:::.~ '":. .. one beautiful white butterfly fluttering towards tomorrow...vr- b "..' ". am as drunk as yesterday....:.. Though I am (a) the same tie as yesterday...•..::.:.: . .".•. . do... living as (e) as yesterday. very differently?' •* ... d ··. . ~talk~~b·~~ttW~p~()pl~s~ilir1g '. y~~ike' best? ....~>::.~~. '. nevertheless today I am completely different...~.... ..~... clothes clumsily ----_. .. ::-." is ab~ut.~ '...i: ...UNIT 5: B 33 2 Make sure you know the meaning of the words in the box below and then use them to complete the poem.

ls ~Ii\de C01t\tMt i1lt.. 'lAS s001t\? tke Kids.." " ". we.l' £ Who is David? .ray tkre. ~ive 11\. ~Ii\rie.li\ t i~pyoved si1ll." """.e...ra'IA1t\d l1\.34 UNIT 5: E ~C Letter writing a Where is Brenda writing from? ._ " " ".1." "".".isis o'IAr kOl1\.se..lit dlit {j sl!t.re.I1\." _ " " "." " " ...Ii\Y ROSe.i11. 11 Study the letter below and make notes about the following questions.i!11\..'ve decided rleti\.__.. (). ~e t worK SOO11._" _ __ _ _ _.bli\i :r:1II.ere li\1t\d I!t.""" . .e..__ ..d lj01AY 1e.tte. we.e. le-ss tlA.~ lit1lt. ".isio1ll. SO tl!t..o~e 1i\(tti\i11.Ii\1)1 :r'Ve. b1AS !e._ " " " . wee}(S tdre.1II.rili\ t li\1It.i1) dti\]'.dili\ De.e.1i\1It. :r1lt.dli\1II..e."" ".d'lAS ti\ :rIVe. ~re. We. (~i~:.e.! I!t.} Bre1t\olit li\'J'LO to stti\l ti\1it.e :p.Ii\rzjRali\d ~1Al1\.f! !ove.ice." ." ".litdir' tki11~s .ve 't it.}(S.. tl!t.i1ll.r .te.d f".c. ti\ 0 (}'iVi1t\(t privti\te. Ce.e.i11d'IAstYlj lA. wlit1ll. e What is Brenda's job? What is Mariel's? .1t\ts litre.ri11ite. " " " ". 've: be.1JtlA.d ta.tklit1ll.1II.1II.".e kli\d . .. is ~oi11.." .Ya1A )(1t\aw l1\.apes slA._ " .d I1\.rt Far lit l1\.d ~o lA..e.lj st1Ade..litve de.r01A1it." " " " ".rrol1\.:r. Will._.li\r . b'IAt it .1Ate. B1At 1AS li\t tJA.e '£1.r li\job 1Ase." _ __ __...}(S e. I!t.t} b'IAt sl!t.~ to be.litt We. ars.iti\sses. c.i11. c How did she feel when she first arrived? How does she feel now? " d What differences are there between Brenda's and Mariel's characters?" " """""".li. IS stili teli\clA.()love ta Dti\vio L-ot S o.e.]'se.__." " " ".l tdWlit1)s tki11. _."" " ..01A..._ _ _..ted to t1Ar11 r01A1II.j1Ast re. :rt WlitS 1It.e bi{} 11ews is} we've ~ti\de a'IAr dec. tlA. .Ii\ I!t.Ve._ " "" ". pessi~ist.ce.d visit "T1II.rirst :r: II1\. :r stili CIi\1II._ _._ b How did she and Marie! get there? '"__ __ .. Not B'lAite wkli\t :r111\." " g How formal is the letter? How do you know? F!li\t 3 l5t. """". B'lAt Mti\rie.ive.. .ti\S1t\It ~ot jab {je.rsti\tia1ll.re. be!ie... to ke.e rOli\dside 011 tl!t.!!t. c011ve. "".. f-i'J'Le. witk Vli\ria1AS peaple !ove. lr 1t\ot ca~e .. " _.

. a Hi Rosemary b Dear Mrs Forrest c Dear James d Dear Ms Forrest e Dear Sir or Madam f With best wishes g Lots of love h Yours sincerely Yours faithfully Love k Thanks for your letter......... e What English-speaking you write to? friend or relative (real or imaginary) could ...... c What kind of job do you normally do? Have you found something similar in your new place? ..... Make notes on the following... F I I I I I I I I I I I I I I N F F F F F F F F F N N N N N N N N N F F N N N N F F G......... using your notes...... m Please give my love to David and the kids.~ 3 You are going to write a letter.... write a letter to your English-speaking friend or relative..... d Where are you living in your new country? What kind of a place is it? ........ b How did you get there? ........~~:o:.. . Use the language from Brenda's letter to help you....... 1 Thank you very much for your letter................ Imagine that you are now living there ..UNIT 5: E 35 2 Would you use the following in letters which are Formal (F) or Informal (I) or Neutral (neither formal nor informal) (N)? Circle the correct choice for each........... a Choose somewhere in the world you like the sound of.. Now... n I look forward to hearing from you.........

but even then mast women only Faught on horseback. still dressed as a man.. Spain. A lot of people believed that women in the ring were unlucky. Her father died when she was yaung and Mary's mather raised her as a boy... The bon was lifted again after franco's death in 1976 ... Copy and complete the table on page 37 for each one. There she fell in love with one of her fellow soldiers . She fell in love again.~. her secret.... ':.' Cristina Sanchez was one of the only female bullfighters... Mary decided to become a member of the pirate crew.1. Mary put on men's clothes again and joined a ship going to the West Indies. 'Women should be in the kitchen. a typical critic. af modem times.... Cristina was frequently criticised by male bullfighters.. but a low in 1908 banned them on the grounds of 'decency and public morality'.. But their honeymoon was short because Mary and her fellow pirates. .. The ban was lifted briefly in the 19305 when Spain became a republic.' said Jesulin de Ubrique. Mary was saved from death because she was pregnant. But the ship was captured by English pirates. :'. this time with a soldier they hod captured. were token prisoner near Jamaica and were sentenced to death.. She attracted a lot of attention and soon became a matador back in Spain. she won't be the lost female matador . ••••••••• ••••••• ~ •••~ •••••••••••• u -:- . When Mary was 13 she joined a ship.& !{~%Y~ A Three women 'il Read about these famous women..But. bocking up men.. . She started her bullflqhtinq career in South America when she was only 20. was born in London in 1690.. Mary Read.. Women in Spain have fought bulls since the 18th century. much to everyone's surprise! When her husband died.. It's unnatural for them to fight.. Many male bullfighters refused ta appear with her. or 'matadors'. Cristina fought on faot.. She was forced ta stop fighting bulls because of criticism many people thought that bullfighting was only for men. one of the mast famous female pirates in history... u u .. but was put bock again by the dictator francisco franca. led by Jock Rackham and Anne Bonney. and was married. Cristina was born in Madrid.. Jock and Anne.. • u •••••••• u h .and had to reveal. almost certainly. A few years later she joined the British army (as a man) and was sent to fight the french in Holland.. Cristina Sanchez retired in 1999 because she was fed up with the attitude of the other matadors and some of the public:. but she died in prison in 1720. However. 1...1t. in 1972. ~~_~~ Only male children ~~ could inherit money so Mary was disguised as a boy so that she would inherit her grandmother's money..

e .._. first prize for it..' f f. For a time she raised cattle and kept on inn...~hYb'ercateer:. 'I name you Calamity Jane.. Calamity Jone left Deadwood. dressed as a man..as she hod requested.. . They rode there ~ ..:.. Wild Bill was shot in the bock of the head while playing cords in. the heroine of the plains. \:....... . \ -. b He my great-grandmother when he saw her at a dance.. Texas... (You might have to change the tense of some verbs.. b criticised by male bullfighters? ..... They had a daughter. ". .. USA. I wan for a competition at school. Calamity Jane never hod much money and died a poor woman in 1903... ... When he recovered... . . .... . _ .' known for her bravery? disguised as a bay? _ buried next to Wild Bill Hickock? shot in a saloon bar? @'''''' . .". settle in a My great-grandfather was a village carpenter.' In 1876 Calamity Jane met Wild Bill Hickockand they settled in the town of Deadwood.... _~ _ .. she fought with the army against the Native Americans.. a Dates (birth/death): . famous for her bravery. :. Then she moved to Colifornio. . .. but in those days you were not allowed to move away from your own village.UNIT Ii: A 37 Calamity Jane was a heroine of the American Wild West.... d In the end they the capital city.. Dakota.. However. A film was made about her in 1953...•. a soloon bar.. During a fierce battle. the captain said.... starring Doris Day. 2 Who was: a captured by English pirates? .. just after my great-grandparents got married.. Language in chunks Complete the sentences using phrases from the box. She lifted him on to her own horse and saved him. \encl~~:\: :. ... c My great-grandfather wanted to live in the capital city.... the captain was shot and fell from his horse.. ..".... .•. Her parents were farmers... ._ _.: ". She was buried in Deadwood next to Wild Bill Hic:kock.. but the marriage was nat a success.. :.. .....e I wrote an essay about my great-grandfather . As a yaung girl she could ride a horse and shoot a gun as well as any man....... __ .: . ln the 1870s. The same yeor. His family was very poor. As a bay he had to go to school ~.. and later to El Paso. c d . :. Calamity Jane's real nome was Martha Jane Cannary and she was born in 1852 in Missouri..i-I()W.) (ml~ much to my surprise fall in love with on foot an horseback the bon was lifted :... where she married Clinton Burke..

. In alphabetical years later Catherine was accused of order... . Edward VI.. . . people. who could best control the old wife. . 1 2 . that is to say. his two daughters 1540. She remarried accuse her of crimes against the king. and fat. but died herself 12 days later.38 UNIT 6: 8 •B 'Il A dangerous husband Read the information about Henry VIII. But when Henry saw her he thought she was.young man he was handsome and extremely half-sister Elizabeth. Put his wives in chronological order. Anne hada daughter Henry. and according to contemporary ..•..' .' . The following rhyme. may help you. and.•. ugly and never 'lIked her. . . When Henry got tired of her they found a reason to alive when Henry died. eldest son of Henry VII of England. . shot with abow and arrow... However. though there Is no Proof of this. Henry's six wives were as follows. Catherine Howard was the niece of the ··The one thIng Henry was not very good atwashaving sons. most D He married six different women to try and produce a male heir "Important men jn the country after the to the throne..Catherineof Aragon.she produced a son. Edward became king at the age of nine. .. and a superb fallen in love with. died Divorced. They were married for less than a year before Henry divorced her. the order in which they were his wives. and was also accomplished .:t.. said. so he divorced her to marry Anne. but died five years later. 3 4 5 . However Catherine athletic. loved called Elizabeth (who later became Queen Elizabeth I) but no .. beheaded. She was found guilty and executed by having her head cut off.had no sons so Henry divorced her to accounts.. She was sweet and~ind. her in hisow~ way~ Catherine was still ". who was by now III.. She was married to Henry In . Jane Seymour (1509-37) Henry fell in love with Jane Seymour While he was still married to Anne Boleyn. but when he . awoman he'd . He was a brllUanthorseman. '.' . __. She seemed very good-looking. Divorced. everyone thought he was extremely marry Arme Boleyn. which British school children learn. . beheaded.' Just after his disastrous marriage both became queens of England. and marriage to her was good politics. But an artist brought him back a portrait of Anne of Cleves. . He wasexpertat an ear1y -. u •••••••••••••••• _ ••••• _. died shernarrled his brother Henry VIII. It could easily cost you your life! an Catherine Parr (1512-48) Anne Boleyn (1507-36) . survived.. As soon as Anne had been executed he marred Jane and iri1537.attractlve. one of the.. uke of Norfolk.~~. loving someone else and was executed. . She married Arthur.version of the game of tennis. . but died In childbirth a year later. '. HenryVl1i (1491-.he might not have been so worried. Catherine had failed to give him a king..' .But less than two enough. a year later.. .. On the death of Henry. but his only son from all these marriages died king. not marry this man! Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536) Daughter of Ferdinand V of Castile (Spain).' '. . when he was just 14 years old. musician. The famous tune 'Breensleeves' Is said to have been Catherin~ Howard (1521-42) written by him..1547) lsone of the most 'She had one daughter (Mary) who later famous characters in English history.Being married to England's King Henry VIII was a dangerous business..' Henry's last wife was the one.. so f he had only lived long to Anne of Cleves.. Henry fell In love with her when he was still married to his first . As a becamequeen of England before her . Anne of Cleves (1515-57) After Jane Seymour's death Henry was extremely unhappy. son.. son.'. . 6 (£.

.. .". c Historians talk about things written at the same time as they . .. ... ..." '. g When a woman dies at the same time as her baby is born we say she " " ..... k When something is a complete failure we call it A man who regularly rides a horse is called a :3 Complete the following table with the information a Any three things Henry was good at: required....."""' . ....~ ~ -...".". p roof'. . ..-" b A piece of information that shows beyond doubt that something is true is called """"".. .. ""' . .""". .~~~~~ 9 The name of the wife married to Henry's brother: ... '..." " .. control .. . .." " ... When someone is very good at physical sports we often call When someone makes a decision that will help them or their country we can say that it is ..." ". "..""".. ' disastrous happened as . ".:. d If you want someone to do exactly what you tell them and only what you tell them you will try to e My brother's daughter is my " ". accomplished athletic ----'. .'~---"'-:-:-". '..:'"".. .... .••••••••••••••••••••••••• ~•• ~ t. . . f When someone can hit a target every time (with a gun or a bow and arrow) we call them a .:::' " ..<-... .. .....died in childbirth . ... . ."".. ' .. a A boy who will become king after the present king dies is his contemporary accounts •. . .. . . ....."".:.. h When somebody is very good and experienced at something they are called them ..:~... " . . ." "".~~~'~... .. < .. . .. . 3 c Write the names of Henry's children in the order that they were king or queen: 1 2 3 d The name of the wife who lived the longest: e The name of the wife who had a son: f The name of the wife who Henry thought was ugly: ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.." " them.." .~:~. superb shot' ... . .LJNIT s: B 39 2 Look at the way the following words and phrases are used in the text and then write them in the gaps in the sentences.:..""....""""''' .." " " ".:..... b The names of Henry's children in order of birth: 1 '''' 2." """.. 1 2 3 . """.' male heir '•..". ....... . ...." ._~.'''''''''''' ..

._ __ _ . e Most recent important event: ..c 40 UNIT 6: C Biography a Name: b Date and place of birth: c Background (nationality. where they have lived. 'Ii Imagine you are going to interview someone.. £ How they would describe themselves: . d Important events in their life: .. Write questions in English to find out the following biographical informatron.. education): . h Future important events or hopes: . g Interests: __ . .

:. . You can write your notes in the following table.j:... where they have lived." . You can follow this plan.... ..UNIT 6: [ 41 2: Complete one of the following tasks. .. Make a note of their answers. a b c Name: Date and place of birth: Background (nationality. a Use your questions to interview someone who speaks English. education): Important events in their life: Most recent important event: How they would describe themselves: Interests: Future important events or hopes: d e f 9 h :::l Use your notes to write three short paragraphs. b Make notes about yourself or about someone you know in answer to the questions.

Resolutions
Look at the exercises on page 43 and then read this text.

Subjects

How to make those New Year's resolutions stick
by Dr Pauline Wallin
Every year on 1 and 2 January, millions of us make New Year's resolutions. We'll say we are going to quit smoking or that we'll join a gym. We'll go on a diet or promise ourselves that from now on we're going to spend more time on housework or that we're going to cut down on all the chocolate we eat. But by 2 February, most of these resolutions will be no more than a distant memory and we'll be behaving just the same as we were when the last year ended. One reason why people abandon all their promises and resolutions is that it's easy to say we're going to do something (or not going to do something) but much harder to go on and on doing it (or not doing it) - especially If it is difficult or uncomfortable for us. OK, everyone may need a bit of a rest from all the eating and drinking over Christmas and the New Year, but a few weeks later our appetites have returned and we start to feel deprived. That's when we are most at risk - especially if the results of our dieting or not smoking are not immediately visible. But don't despairl If you're thinking of making New Year's resolutions, first be sure you're ready for the challenge, and then read on for tips on how to increase your chances of success. 1 Examine your motivation for change. At the end of a long night, after a large meal, you say, 'That's it, I'm going on a diet tomorrow,' but the chances are you won't feel the same in 24 hours. However, if you are realistic and accept that change will be difficult, you will stay motivated for longer. 2 Set realistic goals. Habits and behaviours that are changed gradually have a greater chance of success than those that are changed so drastically that your mind and body just can't cope. 3 Focus on the programme rather than the goal. If you decide to control your eating, your goal for the day is not to lose a specific number of pounds, but to stick to your programme. Such focus on your behaviour will help you feel in control of your life. You will gain satisfaction from making sensible choices several times throughout the day. 4 Be positive about your physical symptoms. When you give up smoking you'll feel strange. See that as a good sign of your body getting rid of the drug, not as something unpleasant. 5 Stick to your decisions. Yesterday you said, 'I'm going to the gym at eight o'clock tomorrow morning.' But now it's quarter past seven in the morning and you don't feel like getting up. Toughl You'll never stick to those resolutions if you don't keep trying when it's difficult. 6 Nobody's perfect! You'll probably mess up from time to time. But you mustn't give in just because of that. Say to yourself, 'I'm going on with this - today, tomorrow and the next day. I'm not a quitter.' 7 If you're waiting for a more convenient time to begin to change your behaviour, that change won't happen. It's almost never convenient to change ingrained habits, so if you're going to do it, start right now. And then things will get better sooner I

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UNIT7: A

43

'TI

Read the information on the right about what happens at New Year in the UK. Is it the same as New Year in your country?

is 31 st December. Many people go to parties or stay up and watch the New Year celebrations on television. It is common for people to make New Year's resolutions - promises to behave better in the following year (e.q. to stop eating so much chocolate, to take up exercise etc). New Year's Day is tst January. It is always a public holiday. Most people stay at home, recovering from the evening before.

new vennos eve

2: Why do you think people find it difficult to stick to New Year's resolutions (to keep the promises they made)? Make notes about what advice you would give someone about how to (a) stop doing something bad or (b) start doing something better.

~!.

Read the website text by Dr Pauline Wallin, opposite. Does she agree with you?

4 Read the text again and find: a ... five resolutions that people sometimes make. 1 2 3 4 5 .. . .. b ... three reasons why sticking to resolutions is difficult.

1
2 3

..
.. .

Language in chunks
~} 5 Complete the following sentences with these phrases from the text. on a diet a distant memary at risk can't cope gain satisifaction feel like nobody's perfect in control of
.. ..
. . ..

a 'What's the matter? You look worried.' 'I've got too much work just now. I just b 'Do you remember your tenth birthday clearly?' 'No, it's just c 'What's the matter?' 'I don't feel .'

:

.'

my life. Everything is going wrong.' .' _ .'

d '1 didn't do very well in my maths exam!' 'Oh, never mind, e 'Are you saying I'm overweight?' 'No! You don't need to go f 'Are you staying in tonight?' 'Yes, I don't g 'You really think I can climb that mountain?' you reach the top.'

going to Shelly's party.' 'Yes I do, and you'll also _ :.· 'when . ..

h 'We've hardly sold any tickets for our show.' 'I know. It's

of being cancelled.'

44

UNIT 7: B

B

The best place to get married?
Marathon marriage just the tip of the iceberg
When Angela Stratford agreed to marry Nigel Jones, they decided to do it in style. They're just one of the many couples who choose an out-edthe-ordinary experience for the most important day ill their liVES. Nigel Jones, 48, and his 34-year-old wife Angela had been together for six years before they became husband and wife in 2001. Tiley ran hand in hand for 25 miles of the 2001 london marathon before stopping at a statue called Cleopatra's Needle, where family and friends cheered as they were married. After the ceremony they ran the last mile of the race waving a banner that said 'Just Married: later they had a wedding reception at a hotel in Greenwich. Angela met Nigel at a running dub - and thought of the marathon wedding. 'I just thouqht it was the perfect way to get married; she said. But she only agreed to become Nigel's wife when he could run as fast as she could. 'I said only a man who can catch me will be able to marry me: she said. 'He ran and ran, and eventually got to my level, and we started doing races together. I wasn't interested in anyone who didn't want to race!' The bride wore a knee-length cream wedding dress with veil a nd cream gloves. Her husband-to-be wore shorts, a jacket and a pretend shirt and tie. Bishop Jonathan Blake who conducted the wedding ceremony said, 'I have married people underwater, over the Internet, on boats and aeroplanes. I think it is wonderful that people can be free to express themselves, choose a service and an interesting setting that has more meaning for them. But I can't imagine getting married after running 25 miles: But if you don't fancy running a marathon to get rna rrled, you could always decide to go abroad for that special day and travel companies are now doing their best to persuade young couples to do just that. 'With the average cost of a wedding in the UK being about £12,000; according to Sasha Pliotnov, a designer who specialises in marriage ceremonies, 'quite a few people are beginning to realise that it's a lot cheaper to fly off with just a few special friends and family to some exotic location and get married on a beautiful island or in some other romantic setting: There is no limit to the number and type of locations on offer. Awardwinning tour operator Kuoni, for example, advertises 24 different packages. Its most popular one is the Triton Hotel in Sri Lanka. Thomson Cruises suggests a wedding on board ship - and you don't even have to travel far for the honeymoon. Sandals Luxury Resorts offer all sorts of wedding packages in the Caribbean, and My Travel Group offers anything from an Austrian chapel to the Australian outback. Of course if you don't want to go abroad, you could always get married in a hot air balloon, on an ice-skating rink, up a mountain, or in a tree. They've all been done. None of this impresses Ronald and Daisy Crabtree who got married on the same day as Nigel and Angela's interrupted marathon wedding. 'We got married in church: Roger said, 'because that's the tradition. Daisy wore a traditional wedding dress and I wore a morning coat and a top hat. That's how people have always got married and it seemed the right thing for us too. We had a lovely day, something we will always remember:

'!i Read the newspaper article, and then write the correct names under the pictures below.

a

b ._

.

c

d

.

.'~·· : setting·i:. sometimes described as a b A phrase to describe a small part of a much bigger situation is . who: a . .....in style··:._:.':'.'..... wore a traditional e .. __.. . .. h The party after two people are married is called a When two people hold each other's hand we say they are ...···· . """ .........:.. got to JllYlevel....~ .. d An unusual. .•. has been an official at many strange weddings? ._.•~ .:.·.. ...__....::~:.::_:\.i.". .._ .. ~-.......:. i:·~:......." ~.. . interesting and often foreign place can be referred to ' wedding reception"....". wants people to get married in Sri Lanka? . ..: ~ __ ''''_ .- "'e}(~ticlocatiol1 ...::.. ___ . __ c An all-inclusive programme you pay for when you book your wedding through a travel agent can be called a the tip o(an·iceberg·:··\.:. ..v...~~. got married after the man answered a challenge successfully? h ...:......:.•__ .._." :. ....L...~:L_:_-":. met in 1995? b .....::. encourages people to get married on a boat? g .• ~ .' ......: ..:.. knows the price of weddings? wedding dress? 3 Look at the way the phrases in the box are used in the text and then use them to fill the gaps in these sentences... hand in hand .. ... _."..o< ...:':"... ....... -...:.'_ . ... --... :". .:.2 According to the text..... rornarrtlc _...:..' ".' as an e When he reached the same standard as me he f If something is very unusual or different we say it is g If you do something in a way that people admire andlor which costs a lot of money you could say that you are doing it .• ..._.·· .. ..o.: . ....- a A location that makes people think of love or feel loving is ... ".._...LJNIT 7: 8 45 ." . _'~.... _..\ .~..~ . completed a race after they were married? f .:.....": . offers weddings in Austria? c . '..... ''_ : :'. .. :._:. "':""':...____:. ". . will always remember their wedding? d ..

For: drinks ij i Cl1 en: i . ( WOUld like to invite . ! i Tel: 020 7654 3729 gita. ~.l ~ n ..g'es arish CIJllrc!.30? Everyone's going • to be there. And don't worry. to and aftel'!lJfll'ds \'(IiT.com> · Cc: Bnc: · Subject: great party · Any chance you can come to my party next Saturday. · C U next Saturday? • Jed • BTW do you have Matt's email address? I want to ask him too (if that's OK1). It would be great If you could come too :-) • Bring a bottle and something to eat. P Clifford Chambers 011 April 1 At 11 am at 13 RambsboTOlIgb Drive. . g. Shiona can come too If she wants.30 pm onWards n: aturday August 7 At: 121 Lion Drive.46 UNIT 7: r. a Which is the most formal? b Which is the most casual? . starting at about 7.'. ... c Are the people who are sending the invitations young or old? 1 2 3 4 ..sahkil@ri"hmo d ~ a: I. ~ en : L.~:= ~ ~. have great pleasure ill inciting Katherine Gerald Me Whitney At St GeOl.~ I en Wi . ~ ~ 0 C 0S g/ ~f U F rom: 7.coTTl> · To: Maureen <malatskl@nfm.corn ~ • From: Jed <mortonJ@shaftesbury.• C o Invitations 1I1r and Mn Gurney )'OU to tbe lVeddillg of their daugbter '\l Look at the following invitations (1-4) and then answer the questions. Peckham email: . Stratford-IIpoll-AvolI.nvicksbireCV372JE RSVP e .

New Year's Eve.one that people will remember . .UNIT 7: r 47 :2 Read the invitations again a What information has to go on any invitation? and answer the following questions. . . Base it on one of the examples (1-4) in Exercise 1. You have unlimited money for your party. .. . b Write an invitation for the party you have decided to hold.. (Jj:p"': 3 Imagine that you are planning a party to celebrate an event such as the end of a course. . . or an important birthday.. b What wording is used to invite the person in each case? c What does the invitee have to do in each case? Is it always the same thing? d What do the following mean in an email? 1 :-) 2 CU 3 BTW a Decide: • where the party should be • when it should start and end • what music there should be • what food and drink you want • what will make your party special .

-----. 'If the people of this area could see the photographic evidence of the damage you have caused they would probably be very shocked. one of the mast serious punish ments ever given to a graffiti artist. of sites. e The Newcastle Two A few years ago. a What is graffiti? · b W Irat IS . He worked at night in his favourite colours of red.: __ '.i}mH. It cost the local council £500. When the police went to his house they discovered hundreds of'spray-paint cans and maps of the areas he worked in. The council refused and so he started spraying any buildings he could find using the tags 'fisto' or 'fista'. His paintingsappeared an hundreds. 'I 1001<for walls wherever I go.PfHnmR~ . It feels like people know youl' Things came to an end when a policeman saw him spraying a motorway bridge. ~ _ ".. ':.'"···.' Sunderland's career started after he asked Barnsley Council to provide walls for graffiti artists..Graffiti 11 Read the text and then think about these questions.. On another. a man saw him at work and went up to him to complain. 1 ~ . they had caused £30..-. They were sent to a young offenders' institution for three months. possibly thousands.<". Simon Sunderland Simon Sunderland was sent to prison last week for five years. black and silver.•e .000 worth of damage to public property.1'" '. The message from this court is clear. ..--. According to the police.~. ~ . Sunderland sprayed a bus that had broken down.000 a year to clean up the buildings he had painted on. . At his trial in Sheffield the judge said. two teenagers were prosecuted in Newcastle upon Tyne in the north ofEngland. It gives me a buzz. If you set aut to target and spray the buildings of the people of South Yorkshire.'. On one occasion. Sunderland turned round and sprayed the man! In a magazine article recently he said.'. most peop 1" s attitu de to It.=>. you will go to prison for a long time. ".

and why? d Who refused to give graffiti artists walls to paint on? e Which tags did Simon Sunderland use? . 18-year-old BillAdams goes on trial for robbery.••.. 4 Write a paragraph in answer to one of the following questions.•... b to make or design something new for the first time: i...•..••..' ..•....•..•..•.•.. when someone saw him climbing through a window..is it street art or street shame? b Was the judge right to send Simon Sunderland to prison? Language in chunks ~~ 5 Use expressionsfrom the box below to complete the story of Bill Adams. A party guest (d) ...UNIT 8: A 49 2 Answer the following questions.•..•. . c punishments p d actions that are against the law: 0 .Ej Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings....• _•. When they went to his parents' house they found hundreds of stolen items. .' he told police investigators.. e accused officially: p . 'I'm sure they'll give me a second chance.•..•.•. what happened? . g Who complained to Simon Sunderland and c Who was sent to prison for five years? . The police hope that Adams will (g) ...•...000 a year.• . •. according to the police go to prison for a long time it gives me a buzz on one cccosion things came to an end went up to him Next week.•.••. (c) he went into a house where a party was going on.•..••.. a What is a tag? b Who are the Newcastle Two? .. The police arrived and arrested him.." ' . he is one of the busiest criminals in the country.•. which follows. . a Graffiti .. f places: s for breaking a law or rule: ...•. (f) that Billwas no ordinary thief. 'and talked to him for five minutes. it soon became dear '.. The first letter of each answer is provided for you...' he said. ......•.• ~~::lf'" _.. g to produce a stream of paint from a can: s ....•. (a) . but Bill remains optimistic.. 'I'm young.•.•.. usually on a cheque or at the end of a letter: s .. (e) . h Who saw Simon Sunderland painting a motorway bridge? . ... '(b) to take things when people are in the next room. but Bill managed to get away from him. However.... f Who spent £500... Bill likes to rob buildings when people are in them.•. a the way people write their name.••...

but also because he was a fascinating.50 UNIT B: B ~ From graffiti to art fame Anextraordinary life Hotu a New York graffiti artist became the darluu. who was born in New York in 1960. Then he smiles and he is happy. of Alldy Warbol and Jean-Michel Basquiat western art and the traditions of Haiti. 1981 simultaneous exhibitions in Paris and acrylic and mixed media on canvas 81 x 69 IA inches New York. Broad collection it all came to an end. As a child he liked drawing pictures.e was surrounded by agents. not just because he was the first black artist to have real success in the white world of art. Even though he was successful Jean-Michel lived in a room with only two pieces of furniture: a bed and a television. draws a perfect portrait of the girl sitting opposite him. and started doing graffiti. beautiful man. a celebration of an extraordinary life. His fame spread like wildfire and everyone was talking about him. Soon I. He was not comfortable with large crowds. He played in a band.very interested. In 1986 he went to the Ivory Jean-Michel Basquiat Coast in Africa. There are other roles for well-known actors such as Dennis Hopper One scene shows Basquiat behaving as Schnabel wants to remember him. says that he was 'completely original: He remembers the first day he met him. yet many people loved him as one of the most creative and kind people they had ever met. and because they were good I. At the age of 18 Basquiat left home and quit school just before he was due to graduate. Basquiat's paintings were first shown in a joint exhibition in 1980. gallery owners. Puerto Rico and Africa.is mother encouraged his interest. with his fork. David Bowie as Andy Warhol and Courtney Love as a Madonna-like character. He dated the (not yet famous) pop star Madonna and became a great friend of Andy Warhol. but did not live to tell tile tale Basqulat is still remembered today. Sometimes he would sleep in a cardboard box in Thompkins Square Park. Basquiat.a curious David Bowie and Jeffrey Wright as mixture of words and images. jean-Michel Basquiat. One fellow artist who knew and worked with Jean-Michel was julian Schnabel. listening to his personal stereo. Suddenly he pours syrup all over the table. One writer wrote of him as a 'radiant child: John Seed. and immediately people started to get interested . He remembers too how Basquiat turned up late at his first big exhibition. tagging walls and subway cars with the signature 'SAMO: But he also painted . one of the giants of the New York art scene. There were books and paintings all over the floor. It seemed to many that he was searching for some kind of identity. Sometimes he would stay with friends. spreads it with a paper napkin. of tne art tuorld. jean-Michel is in a restaurant with a girlfriend. simply. It stars Jeffrey Wright as Jean-Michel. Nearly ten years after his friend's death he made a film called. The Broad Art Foundation . But that was the year when The Eli and Edythe L. He had nowhere special to live. In 1988 he had Untitiled (SkI/II). There were exhibitions of his work all over America. was the son of a Haitian father and a Puerto Rican mother. who worked as his assistant when he was at the height of his powers. jean-Michel died Photograph © Douglas M. journalists and many other people who were desperate to make him famous and make money out of him. and then. Parker Studio of a drug overdose at the age of 27.

...:..-....:. H e rna d e a £I m a b out Basquiat 3 Look at the way the following words and phrases are used In the text and then write them in the correct gaps (a-h).... a He was born in New York _ _.L.--____.... _ _ __..... we can say they f Two things that happen at the same time are .. .......lteFt.. sweet liquid.. 3. .... they may well be .. is another word for a picture..?.:. "'encouragedIhj~n.-...·...:.'... e If someone doesn't really know who they are but wants to know.".5t' image '.. .:.....UNIT B: B 51 'TI Read the text opposite and then complete this table. .. syrup :: '.. ....... You may have to change some of the words......:......_ ...._ _.._ _ _ ___ _.:...•.......... Now note down the names that go with each of these descriptions. ... . happenings....'..:......' ... is a thick...-....: e If someone supports you in something you like doing and helps you to do more of it..__ ...._ searching for: some kind of identity" --. _......... b It was the place where Basquiat slept in a cardboard box.. c He used the tag 'SAMO' d She had an affair with Basquiat e He was a famous friend of Basquiat f He lived for 27 years g He was Basquiat's assistant _....~..:_....:......_. qUitscil'ocil~\~".~:... at theheiqhtof {his) powers we can say that they .\i\_)...... .. them.... g When someone is the principal actor in a film we say the film . .. Name: Dates (of birth/death): Place of birth: Parents' nationalities: Occupations mentioned (3): Places where exhibitions were held: Name of the film about the main character: Actors in the film: 2 Read through the text again..~......."': a b photograph etc..U_'·..\~.__.......:.... d If someone leaves education before the time they are due to finish.... ... _ __ _ .. h When someone is doing their best work (and probably being very successful) we can say that they are _ '(I'm" .:..~....·.'"... .". .. The first answer is done for you............'i''"--' h He was an artist who worked with Basquiat '1 .

. . .~..:< ..:<: " ~.:'::':".. :..:.:.~ ..:: .. ~ ....'.:. .:. '" -''':. : ':. ~ .._...." ...: .} >'.....' . T • . 'iI Read the text.'.~~. ..: . :.<.. .!::: = : : .' . * . '_-.in.... · ..t~g ~. . : .. . ..<>.~<~:~:\~\~ .: ~...·.: ~ :"~ ~ .'. .*..···\.. : . garden to play. '.. : . ..: ':_:.. I'*_J :..C~~l·R~s·~y.~.::.. . .. .. . ""*<-: ...:." '".:' ..~.':::. . 4'Lbbaipolic'e~~:hl~estigktingtheinCiden{ .'.::' . .':. . . ...: '*. : ~ : : : ~: .52 UNIT 8: r ~C a b c e Ma king text work the dog and the rabbit? Mr Jesperson and the rabbit? Mr Jesperson and the dog? .· .. . ~ .~~.:l..:'. : . .''.~ * :". ..:: ~~..• • •• .~::~~. ~ ~ ~::.. ~ :.:.' .. : . .~ ~~: ..~.: :. . .: :.".1. -'''' :'... :-: •• •• ~. dog used Mr Jesperson's ~~: ./. .. What is the connection between: d . .*:·. -' ..'-:. "..· ••. : .'.:.:>: ..~' g~~deri ~:~~~ c <~::: f~~c~:y~kt~·rd~y.~ Mrs' ~::'....:.:: :~..~-...' ...\:::" .. .: .' .... I:~~~~b~~~~~i. : *' .. *.:::~~~.. .:..::::::~~{. Mrs Ramsey and the fence? Mr Jesperson and Harmony? Mrs Ramsey and Mr Jesperson? f ·.:::...::.' ':.\~~. .~:~~~::?t~~~ .. ~'* ~::: .

.. ....................................... b Make notes for the article.........%:t ......... c What is the purpose of each paragraph? 1 2 3 4 d Look at the underlined words.....UNIT B: [ 53 2 Read the newspaper article again and then answer the following questions........ showing what each paragraph contain............... ... ~~'.......... b Which kinds of word are missing from the headline? . What are they? ........................ • graffiti • street performers • a dispute between neighbours a Invent a story for a newspaper article about one of these topics........... How are you going to finish the article? should c Write a headline for your article................ .. ..... a What tense is used in the headline? .... e Who or what do each of the underlined words refer to? . ... 3 Choose one of the topics below..................... d Write the article.......

but completely out of place in others. This is often a conscious way of communicating. We make eye contact more often in a conversation with friends than with strangers and lack of eye contact can indicate nervousness. such as an informal party. This is often done subconsciously but a person might copy someone else's body movements consciously to make fun of them! How often you look into someone's eyes also sends powerful messages. So when you next talk to somebody . Standing close to someone may be quite appropriate in some situations. and it can tell people more about us than we might want them to know. Standing close together. bored or want to protect yourself. The same gesture. We all use body language.~ A Talking bodies Talking bodies We know what our words mean. but how good are we at understanding Sarah Frost reports body language? When you talk to people face to face.. The use of body language can be a powerful indicator of how you feel. in any communication. 'fantastic result'. but other gestures may have different meanings in different cultures. over 50 per cent of the information you give comes from your body language. In fact. whether consciously or subconsciously. When people are good friends or when two people agree with each other. Body language can sometimes get you into trouble when you travel abroad. and waving is a way of saying 'hello' or 'goodbye'. when they clench their teeth or their fist we know they are angry. whilst distance may indicate formality or a lack of interest. you communicate with much more than your words and the sound of your voice. Smiling is an almost universal signal of pleasure or welcome. scratching your head might show you are puzzled. CrOSSingyour arms may indicate that you are relaxed. Smiling shows you are happy. can mean 'OK'.or something much more insulting! In Britain. however. when they bite their lip we think they may be uncertain or worried. people often raise their eyebrows to suggest surprise or interest. for example. that give information without you realising. tapping your foot might mean you are feeling impatient. shrugging your shoulders tells someone that you don't know something or that you don't care. crOSSingtheir legs in the same way or using the same gestures. and fidgeting might show you are nervous. such as a meeting with your boss. Deep eye contact is usually only used for very strong emotions such as love or anger. they often echo each other's body language. it might mean they are not telling the truth. If someone avoids eye contact altogether when speaking. The physical distance between speakers can indicate a number of things. 'money' . we look at each other for short periods of time. used in different cultures. 'zero'.be careful. but when the topic becomes more personal we often look away. can suggest intimacy. Your body may be saying a lot more than you thinkl . There are other gestures. In general conversation. You also give an enormous amount of information through the language of your body.

" " " " ..."."" ."" " "... I need to know that you are b Look..". Now write down the body language in each picture (a-f).. ".." " " ...". and how you know what they are feeling..". :Can we go home? " . ...." ".. "".. " " ""..." .. restless movements."..UNIT 9: A 55 'jj Look at the pictures on the opposite page..".... Draw lines to link the pairs that go together..." " " ."" " .."....." .... ... Read the text opposite and then notice the body language mentioned in paragraph 2 of the article.".. ".". ~-'-." . The first one has been done for you.. "" " " " ". G·~:~:~·::- .... a a close personal relationship: " " _." ". ..". .IlSSilIj"3oUC..."...." " ". it would be much easier if we talked c I feel really .."...o. usually with your hands: e people we don't know: " "." " d making a lot of small... " ".".." shrug their shoulders? cross their arms? wave? "" "" ""..." " .." " . .." " "... Think about what the people are feeling. !i>'''''' Match these words from the text with the following meanings.. rather than on the phone." "" """ " """"...." "".."" "...:>"'" Language in chunks Match the phrases in the first column with their opposites in the second column... why might people: a b c d e f g smile? " ...t:MS. . a Before we go on......'... b allover the world: c confused: ".. .." " " ". ... face-to-face appropriate out of place telling the truth lying without seeing the people we're tolkinq to S Complete the following sentences with the correct phrases from Exercise 5. " "".. (1F""'0 f to do something without being aware: g to make yourself safe from danger: "I).." " "." £ " ".---. ' " " _ "..-"-.."...:..""".. ._" ." "".... "" "" "."~. " ... ...".""".-- universal subconsciously' .. According to the text.~ ~ _" " ~ ~here. " " _ " "_ " "..." " "..... a "CI. "." " e "..-...".. ." . . raise their eyebrows? bite their lips? .... " "...." " "."...." ".... c ."" "" .." " " .. ~ d Z. b ._ " " .."".."""''''''." scratch their head? :. ".....

project yourself into the space.for a place in a new school or college. legs and feet relaxed and uncrossed. Do the same. If you walk in nervously with your head and shoulders down. But did you know that the actual words you speak are less important than the way you look. People with folded arms look like they're trying to protect themselves from something. You don't want them to think you are making fun of them. So be prepared to speak quickly and fluently. 1 Don't cross anythingl Keep arms. undo the buttons and open it up. the way you behave? Remember. a slight smile on your lips. receiving all the messages you send out. Listen to the speed at which they're talking. 6 Use your head! When somebody asks you a question don't just say the first thing that comes into your head. Think about your answers. open person. Always say to yourself. I have nothing to hide: 2 Le a n fo rw a rd! Don't sit back. Look directly at the people who are asking you questions or who you are talking to. the interviewers won't think much of you from the outset. or for a new job. they won't just be listening to you. It makes you look tired or nervous. How to survive that interview. 5 Go in confidently! A lot depends on how you enter the room. They seem to be saying 'I am not confident: If you're wearing a jacket. 4 Mirror their actions! One of the best ways of gaining people's trust and confidence is to move in the same way as they do. Sit forward. consciously or unconsciously.56 UNIT g: B B Surviving an interview 1l Read this text about going for interviews. You walk into the room and there they are . When you shake hands with the interviewers don't be too enthusiastic. But use your head (see above). .the interviewers . And then they'll decide whether you are the right person for that place or that job. by Charlene Stewart You're going for that all-important interview . 'Why are they asking this question?' because when you know that. Nobody likes a weak handshake. they'll be watching you too. 3 Make direct eye contact! Avoid looking away all the time because it makes you look suspicious. that you want to be part of the scene. Go in with your head held high. and watch the way they sit or move around.waiting to see what you are made of. An open jacket says 'I am an honest. but make it strong and decisive. you'll probably be able to give an appropriate answer! 7 Think quickly! Studies have shown that people in interviews get most nervous when there is a silence. If you lower your head all the time they won't be able to see the enthusiasm in your eyes. Show by the way you sit that you are ready and eager. but do it slowly at first.

smile a lot. to: cross your legs. Circle the best ending to each of the following. uncross your legs. e When you are asked a question you should: 1 .. d Looking at interviewers makes them suspicious. even if this involves silence. not look at the people asking questions. c become nervous or tense: d crossed: e sit hack: £ unenthusiastic: g raise: h different: leave (a room): indecisive: k not the right kind in the situation: leave (a course): _ _ _ . .. b Jackets should be kept undone in interviews.. more important than what you say. . look open and relaxed.UNIT 9: B 57 2 Look back at the text on page 56. give yourself time to think carefully before answering.. .p". f A firm handshake is a good start to an interview. 4. b It is important c In an interview you should: 3 Read the text again. Find words or phrases in the text that mean the opposite of the following. . say to the interviewer 'Why are you asking this question?' 2 3 think carefully but answer quickly.. [] ] (. h You should try and understand what the interviewers are thinking. a The way you look and the body language you use are: 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 as important as what you say. [ True or False? e Tryout your interview in the mirror before you go in. d At the beginning of an interview you should: 1 2 3 show that you are confident. not as important as what you say. behave quietly and modestly. look away when you are answering. . g A quick answer to a question is more important than saying the right thing.. .. a interviewee: b consciously: _ _ . . look directly at the people asking questions. c If you sit forward it shows that you are keen to get the job. Silence makes people nervous. Are the following statements Write Tor F in the brackets.... _ _ . a The web page is really an advertisement for a course or courses on how to survive interviews. .. . .

a What crime took place? b How many people were involved? . the one carrying the suitcase. for the police . the one with a suitcase. well. 30 years old. with bright red trousers and a white shirt. The girl was about 25 with long blonde hair. Transcript of interview between Police Constable Davies and witness John Burney. well. Signed. what about the girl? BURNEY: Oh yeah. No. A tall. I saw two men and a girl run into the bank. yeah.._ _ . It's the other man I'm talking about. you know. . probably about. that was it. When you have read the statement. one 75. well. he runs up to the what-do-you-call it._ _. there were two men and a girl. It was written by the police officer who WITNESS STATEMENT FORM NAME: ADDRESS: John Burney 32 Albert Close. It was 1. well. Glasgow GL2 1BT STATEMENT I was in the bank at 12. The man with the gun was quite tall with long grey hair and dark glasses. He was very tall.35. anyway and starts shouting something.•.30. about one metre 70. she . with a suitcase. she just stands there keeping a lookout. They ran into the bank and the one with the gun. POLlCE OFFICER: Can you describe these people? BURNEY: Oh. the tall one. . . John Burney will be asked to sign the statement. POLICE OFFICER: And the girl. 2: Now read the transcript of what John Burney actually said (see below) and compare it with the witness statement written by the police officer. dark hair. . . '!1 Read the following witness statement. the window. . where the cashier is. I suppose. answer these questions.for you.58 UNIT a: r •C Summarising reports interviewed John Burney. all the other people behind the window . I think.•_ •. you know. 'Give me the money' or something. probably about 25 and really slim. POLICE OFFICER: What about the girl? BURNEY: She had long blonde hair. The other one. No. He was really skinny with jeans and a blue T-shlrt. wearing red trousers and a white shirt. was a black guy. he goes up to the other guy POLICE OFFICER: The one with the gun? BURNEY: Yes. They had been in there for about 5 minutes. something like that. 'Give me all your money' and the other one POLlCE OFFICER: I thought you said there were three men? BURNEY: No. He was a 30-year-old.' He had short.. and he opens the suitcase and the cashier. A second man.well.. black man wearing jeans and a black sweater. BURNEY: There were two men.they hand over piles of money and the two men put it into the suitcase and then they run out. went up to the window and helped the first man to put money into it. white man with a gun ran up to the window and shouted something like 'Give me all your money. The police officer wrote the statement in the first person (I = John Burney). I don't know. three. When the suitcase was full I sawall three of them run out of the bank. you know. __ Date: _..

...... like the one In Exercise 2...UNIT 9: I: 59 What three mistakes has the police officer made? a ......_ ~_..... between someone who saw the event and the police officer who is Interviewing them.......................... ............ Using the conversation you have written... b .. __ •• _ _ I _ _ _........ Write a conversation......._ •• u _ \1:~ 3 Look at the picture.. • ~~~~~~7- 4...................... write a 'witness statement' like the one in Exercise 1...... - ~ @~~~ ..

.:ganiesare fun :.. innate ability to use computers.~.. offer..•. ... and he won't know where to begin! . and they will immediately . systems. Different firms have different computer' -.. It Isn't..•. Why do schools need computers? ..)/. 5 Whatever kids learn about computers in primary school..question -it Is the kind of question you ask that Is .' . ihere'snothlrig vvi-ong doesn't have enough computers? Well..But sit young child in front of a computer.. II The Internet is basically a huge advertising s~stem. important.'Ubf Ci::i'urse.com·~uter: you computers.. . Does the writer agree with you? Convinced that your kids will beleft'behind unless the~··)i·i. & Computers don't create more jobs-they reduce theomount of work ovaiiable.~. .. tastes and opinions.'withHlat.. all a .'eif. to ··•· ·eve'rything. .for example teachers' salaries.... Books offer the.. .' .:<::i\: By the time a school decides to buy a computer. .. .:. . .. . If . .. Let your kids . and employers should teach 'employees what they need to know after they hire them.'. ..become computer experts? Anxious that theirschool'::. . '.. Give a child a piece paper and a pencil. there would be many lTloreof Jobs available for people to do! . The manufacturers keep bringing out new models. .. values...• bew.~J.l~rj reasons wh~ computers Don't believe all the hype from the people who seli:.. . it ··i'·. '. . ...~. '10 4 The rnolley schools use to buy computers could oftenbe better spent on things that are more necessary . up to 2t~~:.~8.~ameas lear'ning.. 121tlsd myth that all children born since 1990 have an. best '. :' .' -. .:PldQi. . ..~A 'TI The case against computers Write notes giving your opinion on the following questions. a school asked for all advertising to be taken off the lnternet...0j/.:.. '.npJt~~gd~esi~ nC)~'i:he. wfll beaut of date.J~. '... ' ways of finding out about these things. it also means finding out obout kinds of Ideas..· -..'~:tJ~'rfir:~:~t~1 · 3 patient doesn'treally need It.ql. What are computers most useful for? .don't be! .' '" '.' .)~uitl"ciditio'nalleCJrl1lrigteacheSchiidren ...•• .. .. musical Instruments or fixing the roof..drawor wrltesomethinq..•.. Learning Isn't just about gathering information..·::. learn from ell that authors and teachers have to .' .lnfo·rmation .. outmoded. .... the manufacturers would tell them it was Impossible.they tellyouthat Information is '... :2 Read the following text..>\~~ ~~~n ~s youspe~d m~~ey on a.~... They are just trying to sell more " . ' 'w)1In~ed carry' on ~pendlng Just to keep....ri~'ccJ....'.Jfwe could get rid of computers right now..' is only the answer to a .. It won't be much use when they eventually get a [ob. and the old ones soon become .~:~en~:~~~~~~ o'~::c~)~fi!~l]~!:~~!t~~~i:~'..

. not a good ideo long periods of a pieces already. Tick the words you know. .. are honest about .) The first one has been done for you.UNIT 10: A 61 S Find which paragraph in the text says the opposite of the following statements.. right questions easy ... except that you by the time out of date nothing wrong with that down the drain raves about you get home your dinner will be ready. the singer . in your opinion? . That's more money IS Theodore Rosznak wrote this article in 1996...the following sentences using the phrases in the box.... Language in chunks ~ll 5.. The Internet doesn't have any advertisements ... c November 1999? These magazines are ... ls what it says still true. expect e Sue really likes that new American rock band. hype wired 0 myth 0 prescribe innate 0 kids 0 enthusiasts 0 0 salaries 0 0 outmoded 0 Use a dictionary to find out the meaning of any words you dId not tick. just as a patient always needs medicine .. a A good computer system will last for a long time g Information is more important than asking the .. ~. on it .. but it has split already.. h Most kids today find using computers Once you've bought a computer system you won't have to spend any mare money Computers create jobs . 3. c Computers are better sources of information d Computer games help to teach children e Schools always need more computers. Complete. Look at these words from the text. . f School money is best spent on computers 4. k Good computer skills learned in primary school will help children get a job when they grow up . . boredom.... She all the time! f You wantto buy a new computer? There's have got two already. You've had three b Having another piece of cake is definitely g I bought a new skirt last week. d If you want to be a birdwatcher. (Note down the paragraph number. b Computer manufacturers what the machines do than books important skills .

Whal do vou use vour eemnuter for.it's not too low-tech and not too high-tech.J Oh definitely. as for me. They don't like doing homework. WIlD uses the com nuter at home. scenes that catch my eye as I walk past.and on top of that they're always texting on their mobile phones! They play computer games when they think I or their father aren't looking! They do some of their homework on the computer too. She teIlsJane lvIarkoll about the gadgets ill her life. Trials a nd Efforts' and 'Romance in the AjterrlDOJJ'. of course.there are some fantastic sites around now.J I have used various ISPs to connect me to my email and the Internet The one I use at the moment is good because I just pay a monthly fee and there is no extra charge to my phone bill.30 in the morning. and my Olympus Camedia Zoom (digital cameral. don't we? And we write so much more quickly. my Nokia Communicator 91101 (mobile phone). Then I do the same again . as I said. My digicam has made taking photographs so much easier .com to start a search and you're off. People can't just ring up and insist on speaking to you for hours.J I want something that allows me to be working in my office and spending leisure time with my husband and children at the same time! I suppose that means a machine that can divide me into two! . Wllich pieces of lechnology are imporlanllo vOU~ Three things: my Sharp laptop. The design of its site and systems is good . but there are some really good revision sites on the Internet. buildings. He's a bit old-fashioned like that I've only just managed to get him to buy his first mobile phone! But.it's a good thing we live just near the train station.I download new emails before I leave work at about 5.google. so I use it all the time. I leave home at about 6. My husband doesn't agree at all. None of all that messy developing and printing! Do 1I0Uthink emailll8s cllanged the way we wrile. art.15. B Loving technology Karell Olen is a fil111desigl1er WIlD has '\lorked 011 films such as 'Beatrice'. clothes.J Well. It takes me the same time to get home.. Of course they mail their friends endlessly .62 UNIT m: B .and it's easier to send them to people. We use different language. I send emails all the time. But I do a lot of my design work on screen now and I can send my ideas straight to directors and producers. But the good thing about em ails is that people often send them instead of ringing you up and so you can decide when to answer them in your own time.J I'm definitely a technophile.15 minutes for a whole supermarket 'visit'! That feels really good. Which ISP do you use. I do a lot of my shopping on the net now . It's a pity we don't keep emails though. I deal with all my correspondence on my 55-minute journey to work . Whal pieces of new tecllDOlogll do lIOUthink sllDuld be inuenled.J The kids use the computer all the time at home. We book our holidays on the Internet too. Are YOU a lechnophobe or leclmophile. You just type in www. It stops you being on demand. I do a lot of research on the Internet too . I document everything: the kids. I write things like 'c u at 6'. and by the time I get home I've finished for the day. I love technology because it saves me time and makes me money. after downloading emails on to my laptop. Can you imagine a book of letters between famous people being published in 50 years? I can't.

: . with their meanings (in the box). a Journey time to and from work: b The place where Karen deals with correspondence: c The most important pieces of technoloqy for Karen: 2 3 d What Karen and her family use the computer for: 2 3 4 5 6 e The advantage of email: .""... ..:..... e low-tech: f site: g c u: .thelnternet that youcanvisit ..I.·c~:. . ~. ......:._-":':. __ _ .">.." -.-...:~.-...":""''''. _" ~:.. c She travels to work by train. Match the initials...~.·~.. ... . . ~" \ . __ _ .'~·''..•.'. .~.:''':. .~:~:..:::.:...:..._ _ ()fa0eb!..:.-.'::"~ a digicam: b high-tech: c ISP: d laptop... ... ..:: .•Inte"I1Etservice seeyou" _.. '... Complete the following table with details about Karen. :.•."':'.. __ .~~'~:"~. .... words and phrases. Everyone in Karen's family loves technology.. ". ...UNIT m: 8 63 'Ii Read the article opposite and then tick the statements about Karen Chen that are true.•.:''''''.. .... :.. ::...:i~!":i~~~~~.. ..+:.:..:. f She has written a book.".._.- a 'place' on.':n'.. ..~·c.-. ' ......._~.:.~'::.. provi'der:~\/: ..:......•.. .::· ... .. e She is not interested in taking photographs. _..._ . .. ..\.~:.~....''':'_'''::. technicallvsirtlple _.-..:...•. :.••. most of which come from the text..... ..\:.·..---._ _. ...··· uniform resou rce locator {the address ._ .... ..-... h Karen uses the Internet for shopping...: .-::~...:...~. ::I... She prefers communicating by email than by phone... ..:....~:'..·~·. . a Karen Chen is married.--. www: ...:.:::-._... asma Ii ccirilpqteryou can carry with you dig ita lea mera ..... .:. h URL: .:::~. ..-..:.:"....... b She leaves home at half past seven in the morning._.:....::....iteorWe~:pag~)·. _ __ _ . .••.....:..•.....:: ...-... d She gets home at about ten past seven.:··.::.:..~..:.. ..\ ..:\:..~.I~.. ..... . . "':'.~·:... : '''~~~~~-''~'..·}i. '..•~-. '..... g Homework o o o o o o o o o o is popular in Karen Chen's house. ..•i..: . .. '. ..

~ way ..' ":. ~:: . .. . r XOXOXOXOX ':. : :.:<g ". .. 'Ii Match the text messages on the left with their meanings on the right..~r-<: ::.: ...h.64 lJNIT 10: [ •C txt msgng The biggest: growth in mobile phone use in the last: five years has been text messaging. . ." ~<. ~ ::: .... .eeingyou ...:.' ':- . -r.::.. .:.. '·~(allthe -best'" ···.·::2~J<I.. ..\:('~~~:~OU?~: .::i::anyone : ::.. r~x%~:mt:.. '..q··.. ~: :". .'. ." .':..Hn':.. . '. '. .: . :. .' .' .:. .. il~V...Il~foreeight want to' bes. ·~<. h tOl '::::~::::-::T?gr~'aL..R~f:: .:····~·." j NE_1//.'' .". ._~::bY:~.. Users send written messages rather than leaving spoken ones....~. .-:. .. ..:::: .I. . They use a special kind of language because they want to write quickly. The first one has been done for you . .. ". thanks .: .: :>/Irit~'~flove '::< .:_. : ':' .:.\fY~ND..T::Y.. " G.

...... .... Write the text messages they sent each other the next day... ............. .. Andy's message (a) starts the sequence.. 5...... Now put the messages in order.. 8.. h ... 4.....UNIT 1l1: I:: 65 a 2 What do the text messages (a ..... 7...... 9 Andy and Jill met up as a result of their text messages in Exercise 2. .. k e ....... c £ g .. 1 £ ~ g ~ 2... a b c d e ............ ..k) mean? Can you translate them into ordinary English? Make a note of your answers in the spaces below........... 11 ... ..... 6 10. EXAMPLES: h k ... 3 ..... ...

.. A Who wrote Shakespeare? a Stratford-upon-Avon d education .. a A man called William Shakespeare came from Stratford-upon-Avon. [] c William Shakespeare was very well educated..... e The Earl of Oxford was a farm labourer. of Oxford f the Earl .some people don't believe that William Shakespeare Of Stratford could have written the plays.. there are no manuscripts In Shakespeare's handwriting. f A pseudonym is a name a person uses instead of their real name.. One group Of people argue that the plays must have been written by Edward de Vere... c films _. was responsible for 39 plays and some of the most fantastic poetry ever written.."" ... because he was an aristocrat.. Hamlet and The Tempest..... They say that he wcsn't educated well enough to know about all the thIngs mentioned In the plays... and so he chose 'Shakespeare' as a pseudonym. Later he went to London where he wrote.. The 9weat 5ha~{e$~'eaB·e(J)n11:n·oveB·sy: ~ who really wrote Romeo and Juliet? William Shakespeare........ He died In Stratford In 1616. 11 Read the article that follows and then note down the connection between William Shakespeare and the following: b Romeo and Juliet e handwritten manuscripts . and acted In. He wasn't allowed to use his own name. and his name didn't even appear on many Of his plays until after hIs death... He was born In Stratford'upon'Avon on 23 April 1564....@. but films are still beIng made about him and his work 400 years later.... plays such as Rorneo and Juliet..... Macbeth. [] [] ()). 2 Are the following statements True or False? Write T or F in the brackets..... the Earl of Oxford... Besides.. [ ] d People wrote plays and books (manuscripts) by hand in Shakespeare's day.... However...... England's greatest writer... b The Avon is a river......

X But his ne~ghbourh" p~blished m • ! . " '.· Dear LU .~~~=E~s.J.'.~t~~~13~¥wj ~~~~~ ~~rd was..Ii 1 that had a differentRiverAvonnear it. that..custom. b can't eithProve " .. " .~ t. might have been the swan of BILTON-upon-Avonin . t~o5e . ...-:.~"~'''''''"'"~'::J . . d t.l~'_~_:~ C'-:: . 1 !_~_~l~l:~~_ .. other words....~.1 _. NO 15805 an~ the' first CO Ipublishe _.~~§~~~..the Riverj: Avonat Bilton. . A is the first one in the sequence. forelogn . i' BTW hy don't you have a I00 k a t the Sha Isespeare 0Xf ord : ..~§).' =..how come his name wasn't on any of his plays? ii +u: ED =:----- _ p]~--- o ~~ "----.~.. how did he knowall about Italy..' .·· Shakesp .2 educated . .. n of all t ere' s death 'sweet ~l''''-collectloO r Shakespe~bed as the through i1 Hannah. _.s. never travelled. . : the plays? For example..~~~~::~~~:~:.> A 5 6 4· Answer the following a Who was john Field and where did he live? b Who was described as the 'sweet swan of Avon'? c How many River Avons do Luke and Hannah talk about? Where are they? d When was the first complete collection of Shakespeare plays published? e When did the Earl of Oxford sell his estate at Bilton? . .... 1:iI----. :§.._~.' . 2 3 J"'~l. the Earlof Oxford. What do you have to say about that? j Luke . . the But l-n h playS \) i" ----.. . '..~V:: t~t:~~~ t:~h ~illiam Shakespeare of Str~tford i Societyw:. t t. .. f Best -w:ishe. '.:_:_. J~~~eF ~~~~d~.na i~:r if I can't -:--:---:---:-:----.-:...:~i~~' 9 .=-. t StratfordAvon. but that's the question. Harip~"£:l :::.:. ust was " . 4 questions. '. .. must have bee must : Luke . . .whether the Earlof Oxfordsold itor not.. writer pu '90s' It J mplete d in ._. _.He m1g . '.S who h '.::.:~r:ou keep .. ·u-taught.~~ .-j§'£-:'~~' :: ~ ~~k~es.' me l..~.Itcould have been a differentriver.::haye'bee~~U~eWhOShakes. ~.. .Ywas.rr'°{. Ii that the Avonin the 1623 editionof the plays was the . h"" emust hav .. . ~ 1: Let's face it. anstocrat.~.__ .-·. .====~~~~_ ~_ order.. anything..een their playS matter:v~o been.' ._·am Shakespea. be able to prove . ~~ [!] . ~ .>. 5 descrlAVOn runs been t1 Self-taughtShekespearel That just can't have happened! :1 Shak~s1r~::v~)' . . ..:~e .' -: :~~~.~'c.:1 11 Thanks for your mall.:.. formatloOn a .~~:~:~=:...=-.~~-.•. ~~~y:.D... ._ .~~~~.o. .. .§cc~. ~he Ri~~r he must r~a~~om [jAnyway._ __.but tile Earlof Oxfordhad an estate in Bilton. nd no? runtlo on 1580'~winof A)v ~~e lOgical . ".e .UNIT 11: A 67 .• •w :. ".:=:===::-':.. '.·'·h e must have b nan in must .~- __.s:~ Put the following emails between Luke and Hannah in the correct ~ ~~e~-~a-n~~~:-'-"--'.~.Howcould he have known all the historyIn Does i~.' " .St....... the H. have rea ..~ if surely? You'll . . ~ :=::t~~:~~~~~~1#S~~~~~~~~@~lF~~\ffi'f~~~~.. _ r~~~~7~~u're H _..getari~ English history ."D .The 'swan of Avon' i! .J 50 OK.' He'was ::. He didn't go to universityor anyt~lng.. [!:I 1623 a£te . E Iof Oxfordwrote 'Shakespeare's .Love ~.~-~~at:"""··.:" .~~~ie 1623.:. boo1<.~~~~~o~~'''''':'TJ was uneducated. old d sold hb dy call'l oy'£or . that'~U~e:nl·l··this'he L. 7 8 .".r~~~t L. ____.. ht. .r~~fa~ ete"~~t. _ @._ .. '.' .. '._..helor . ...and! ! L~:""~~-="-""~~.. you can't prove anythingabout Shakespeare.. probably se . . e realI' .---1<. ~-§ __ §=.0-.hose. b oks·. "'countr1es . ·Ba 1 nnah ...--. h .~:~..Hannah... . Whowas he? ~ :.---._J r where Romeo and Juliet takes place? talking .' 1¥li~~":':._.' ~ .:::-"""'~==:~:=:-~~::~~-: ~~=:'=~c="="'~'s:~-:-=:.--. name on n't.. ~~::" '~SLUSapsC'=espea"ewt~~'t Yes.

She started the job three weeks ago. I was a desperate girl and I took desperate action... I've no idea what they are. I start another one. To be honest. but it hasn't started to rain yet. '(1) ' I say. as soon as I saw Brad. Alex works in an art gallery.. 'No. My question is followed by a long silence. crossing to the window to look out Outside the skies are still dark.... he says.. It's as quiet as it was in the gallery office. so everyone is very embarrassed by the mistake. Brad Courtenay. They're facing the wrong way. It doesn't even have any spots. Panicking a little. I . leading the way into a big square room with very large windows. and the other seems to be all white. d He's a painter: e The person Alex is in love with: H H . I can hear him moving things around in the room behind me. She thinks she's in love with him. a The writer of the book: . I can't help but gasp in surprise. d Name three paintings by Van Gogh. '(2) : [] corner. I lied. 'Yesl' I cry quickly. is that one a snow scene?' I ask. just not modern art. by Margaret Johnson. e Of course I like them! [ [] [] £ Oh. I don't know much about modern art: 'So it would seem: Brad returns his paintings to their place against the wall as if I'm no longer allowed to see them. OK. 'Sorry._. 'What is it?' he asks.. I guess they will be landscapes. I say swallowing nervously..68 UNIT 11: B B All I want All I Want. and when I turn round I notice several paintings leaning against the wall. Brad doesn't seem interested in the view. tells the story of Alex Faye. I can hear his breathing again.HH'H"H'H •• H. 'And yet. a Do you like them? b It's not a snow scene. The paintings aren't landscapes at all. c Just .H. Note the correct numbers in the brackets.' he says at last.. . For a moment I can't think of anything to say. if I remember correctly. but because of the view from the window. Alex is crazy about her boss. One of them seems to be completely black except for a small green spot in one . I knew I had to get the job.. I'm not a landscape painter: 'Oh. frowning at me. The gallery is in trouble because it sold paintings by an artist called Ralph Blackmanexcept that they weren't by Ralph Blackman at all. Alex. '(3) They're ~ But I have to stop because I can't think of how to continue the sentence.. He has taken her to his house. I did say that. __ . '(4) 11'5 not a scene at all. '\l Read this introduction and then write down the names that go with the descriptions (a-e). I'm so sure about it that when Brad turns two round the right way.H •• H. 'Is . 2 Read the extract below from Alii Want.._H. The room is perfect for an artist. . b The central character (who works in an art gallery): c He owns the art gallery: ._ . Match the lines (a-f) with the numbers in the text. what a fantastic view! This is the studio. you told me you knew a lot about art: It's true.. But you see. Brad is the owner of the gallery.H •• H.. when you came to the job interview. All white. But even in this poor light the view of File Beacon is wonderful. I realise I've made a big mistake.

Alex met Brad for the first time at her interview. By now I'm panicking so much that for the moment the only artist's name I can remember is Ralph Blackman's. He shakes his head. [] r] r] [ ] [] [] (i}~'"'' 4.UNIT 11: 8 69 'I .: I say. 'Alex. and I think for a little while longer. h Alex always tells the truth. g Alex likes Brad's pictures. f Brad paints pictures of the countryside. I do know about art: I say. (5) ": 'OK.: 'Come on Alex! One painting: Suddenly I remember one. though. do you think? Write a paragraph explaining your answer. . 'OK: he says. and he looks at me doubtfully. 'Va n Gogh!' I shout at last. k 'Sunflowers' was painted by Van Gogh. Alex knows a lot about art. '(6) : 'Umm . That's why I can't think of any more titles: ~... well. Luckily I realise it wouldn't be a good idea to say his name. Who's your favourite artist?' he demands to know. 'Sunflowers!' Brad doesn't seem to be impressed. 'Well. a In the extract'!' is Alex.. every person in the world has heard of Sunflowers: he says. thinking hard. anyway. 'Two paintings: 'Umm . Are the following statements True or False? Write T or F in the brackets. c When she goes into the room Alex sees the back of some [ ] pictures. 'Well I haven't got a very good memory for names: I say weakly. Is Brad going to fall in love with Alex. d Alex thinks the paintings will be pictures of the countryside.. [] [] b It's probably going to rain soon.. a bit. e One painting is white with a green spot. and shout out its name excited Iy.

4 TIle place I like best in this world is the kitchen. • • • • • • be exciting be funny be mysterious describe a character describe a place give information 1i What does the first line of a story or a novel have :2 Here are some first lines from published novels. but she didn't trust them any more. Which one makes you want to go on and read the rest of the book? 1 All this happened. . more or less.c 70 UNIT 11: r:: First lines to do? Choose one or more of the following.' said Mrs Rupa Mehra firmly to her younger daughter. Colonel Aureliano Buendia was to remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice. or have very much to do with them. S There was a death at its beginning as there would be a death again at its end. 2 Many years later as he faced the firing squad. 6 'You too will marry a boy I choose. 3 Polly Alter used to like men.

A classic of twentieth-century Latin American literature.both physically and mentally. . __ :---· .. a Write the first sentence of your story about the topic you have chosen. and offers a unique insight into the human heart. A feminist art historian sets out to rescue the reputation of an artist and to discover the truth about her life.- c Write the next three sentences. M_ •• . [] f The Truth about Latin Jones by Alison Lurie.UNIT 11: E 71 ::. takes both girl and horse to an expert for help~t~ moving tale of love and suffering.~ Now read the following book descriptions and write In the brackets which of the first lines in Exercise 2 comes from which book.especially about herself. this novel charts a century of fantastical happenings in the imaginary South American town of Macondo. always looking back at what you have written in previous sentences. _. What could follow it? Write the second sentence. "'. c Kitchen by Banana Yoshimoto.~~.~. witnesses the firebombing of Dresden. •• : ••• : _". one of the most destructive acts of the twentieth century. But she finds out more than she expected .:. . ". Her horse has also been hurt and the girl's mother. Do they want to go on and read the rest of 'your book'? . After a horrific horse-riding accident a young girl is terribly injured . a power cut 10 old r~ gfo <:'. One of the most original anti-war novels ever written..and a husband. Set in India.' ··8 disastrous drivirigl:est a wedding •. it presents a panoramic view of a whole nation. [] b The Horse Wbispel"er by Nicholas Evans. a prisoner of war. but the words stay in the mind long after the book is closed.. show your story to someone who speaks English.es rt . Billy Pilgrim. v. ._: .:•• . The setting is contemporary Japan. A huge novel about a young girl's search for love . [] [] e Slaughterhouse 5 by Kurt Vonnegut. [] 4 Choose a topic from the box below. ". .. [] d One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. a A Suitable Boy by Vikrarn Seth.: r~aie~cf!j··i:1Wd. e b Think about the sentence you have written."!·. The writing may be simple.._. where a pair of young women discover the meaning of life._:. bitter and funny. • "':. If you can. Miraculous. a beauty colltest' _.~:..

. He stretched. Go on. turned his back on the other man and walked to the large plate glass window at one side of the room. You're out every evening at parties having a good time with your friends. 'Bob: he said nervously.' He turned to face him. Is it from: a b c d Football Manager (a magazine for anyone interested in running a football club)? the sports pages of a newspaper? a novel called The Manager's Dilemma? Management Today (a magazine for business people)? Look at thlsl' he almost shouted at him. Where do you think the text comes from.' he replied. Some of his team-mates were down there kicking balls around.' 'Look.' 'Oh but I do. '(2) .' he said. As for the learn. better than you could ever be... God knows what you get up to. 'is something the matter?' 'You tell me. '(1) Or do you want me to just stand here?' Bob took off his glasses and stood up.' '(4) . honestly I am. looking at him intently. But that's because everyone asked him to. I do. . and I think you're unfit and on top of that -' Bob picked up that morning's newspaper.' Bob said.' 'There's nothing to explain.' 'Brothers Bobl We're brothers.' he stammered. You've always hated the fact that I'm a great footballer. Just because we have the same mother and father . Bob didn't say hello in the usual way.' There. He knew that. Paul stood there awkwardly wondering whether to shut the door.' He walked over to stand beside him.' 'Are you? Are you really? I don't think so. What could he say to him now? When Paul walked into the manager's office he knew something was wrong. 'Look. 'So tell me. Sometimes I wonder how we can exist in the same club . 'You can't mean that.. He dldn't even look up from his desk. Anyway. . the club .. 'That makes two of us. I've had enough of it. 'how important is the game to you? How much do you want to play?' Paul's brother must have read his thoughts.' The silence in the room grew louder. 'I am "in shape" as you call it. He realised that he was angry about something. interrupting his thoughts. Paul. From here you could see right into the stadium. He should be with them. People wanted to talk to him. Paul didn't know what to sayar do. 'What on earth were you thinking of?' '(3) . They wanted to get to know him. Paul? Leave the club? Complain to the manager? But that's Just the problem for you isn't it? I am the manager.In the manager's office 'i Read the text below. '(5) . The newspapers wanted photographs of him all the time. Paul.' 'You'd what. I think I've had enough of you. It was true he was going out a lot. But he'd got up late and he felt terrible. he enjoyed going out. Paul. Bob.'. say it. with no trace of a smile. . Paul. 'Frankly. I know it's difficult for you. He had said it. 'I have to read about you in the Daily Mirror. so quietly that Paul could hardly hear his voice. He was one of the most famous players in the world. I'm sorry. Two minutes passed. You've been missing training sesslons. It was true that he had missed a lot of training sessions. 'What do you meanT He hadn't expected this. he liked the attention.

for relaxation: s d almost not: h __ _ . The first letter of each word is given. anything at all. h a large building for football matches... I'd ._ d Why is the manager angry with the player? Give three reasons.._. not knowing .. something . The meanings are given in brackets.._ k. his thoughts (stopping him thinking) (guessed what he was thinking) g he must have ... ...... If I've done anything to offend you.. Write in the brackets the number of the space that each has been taken from.' between the manager and the player? 4.. with a Language in chunks Complete the following phrases using words from the text... etc._. please tell me. a with a feeling of embarrassment._ _ e What is the relationship .. I'll have to let you go.. U you don't change your ways. . a b c d e If I thought you meant that... If you don't get in shape soon. @""'... away from him) soon (become fit) _..... on the other man (he turned round....UNIT 12: A 73 E Read the following lines of conversation.... a he . . back. They have been taken out of the text. Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings.. ...... . If you'd just let me explain.. The first one has been done for you. e times when teams practice to get fit (two words): t s . hJrMd : b if you don't c I've d if you don't e That . you'll be out of the team... a Who is the player? b Who is the manager? c What is the game? ..W. 1 2 3 _ _ __ _.{behaveifferently) d (I feel exactly the same as you) f _ k. f popular at a particular time: f.. what to say: a b to speak with pauses and repeated sounds because you are nervous: s c to straighten your arms.hiS batk. . ] ] [] [] [] ~.. g to do something a little bit bad or wicked (three words): g pitch and seats: s u __ _ t. Answer the following questions. you (it has been too much for me) _. .......

.. Welcome to the world of women's football! The team that beat Stowmarket is Fulham LFC. go and watch Chantelle.. . the only fully professional women's side in Britain.. We're trying to change that. Well. None of them thought he was funny at all.' Allthe players in the team talk about how difficult it was to find female role models in the sport.. 'When we were younger it was really hard because there were no women fnotballers to look up to and admire. . I do have another occupation. .' What do men think of women playing football? 'A lot of the time when you meet blokes and tell them you're a professional footballer they den't believe you.' Chantelle White. And if you don't believe me. Rachel is training a group of youngsters.' she says. 'I'll be able to play for another five years. . I'm really lucllY. I thought. 'If I'm lucky. 'It was definitely seen as a boy's game. 'It's really good for girls to be trained by Rachel: says Clinton Joseph a youth sport ceerdinator. Rachel. when the game stopped for injury (something that happens all the time in men's football). old voice from an earlier time. and that sounds pretty good to some of them. to help young girls who want to play football to see that it's not just a man's game. a 30-year-old who has not only played for the Indian national women's team.. explains. They have just lost their game 19-1. red-faced. Who: A damp cold day in February.' That's why.' says 21-year-old Rachel Yankey. 'but when they come and watch us play they're all really surprised at how good we are. Just a sad. you can understand it. Permi and their team-mates on any Saturday during the season. . from 17-year-old Ihantelle White to Permi Jhooti. They had heard the middleaged man too but they weren't laughing.74 UNIT12: B B a b c d e f g h The women of Fulham LFC scored 19 goals? only scored one goal? is the youngest player in Fulham Ladies Football Club? is about to get a doctorate in computer science? has played for the Indian national football team? plays for England? obviously weren't interested in football? thinks it's good that Rachel trains young people? .. They know she plays for England. 17.' She obviously hasn't encountered the middle-aged man who sat behind me during one mat(h I went to. shouted comments that weren't funny? _ : . and that's what I'll be doing for the rest of my life. and the only well-1mown players were men. on a cold rainy Monday afternoon. 'She's a London girl and the kids here see her as a big sister. he yelled 'What's up ref . but is also just finishing her doctorate in computer science. The players from the Stowmarket team loolt exhausted. But right now I can do what I really love football.just for a bit longer. and very very unhappy. . but some of them are really enthusiastic. . For example. I watch as two football teams walk off the pitch after a game.does she need to do her hair?' How depressing! This. was typical male behaviour. He was shouting comments that he thought were funny. even if it ever was... But then I looked at the other men around me. Fulham LFChas players of all ages.. ~ Read the text that follows and then answer the questions. . though. They're an inspiring sight. I find myself at a state school in West London. They are typical teenagers: the two who are using their mobile phones to send text messages probably won't play for England when they are older. Women's football isn't a joke any more.

.UNIT 12: 8 75 E Look at the way the following words and phrases are used in the text and then write them in the correct gaps (a-k) below. e We know other men didn't think the middle-aged man was funny beca use .' .. '.:. blokes a When the weather is slightly wet we can say that it is b When someone does a sport for money (rather than just as a hobby) we say they are a cA because you admire them. f is a slang word for 'men'.. a We know that Fulham LFC is special because . b We know what Permi thinks of football because c We know that players like Rachel had trouble when they started because d We know that some of the students with Rachel weren't interested in football because .'.~~:_.. and makes you want to do better is ~ Complete the following sentences about the text. . coordinator damp enthusiastic inspiring . is very keen on and involved in something. . is someone who you try and imitate look up to professional ref people we admire and respect.: .'. d We e Someone who is . Something that is just as you would expect it to be is referred to as role mode! .~"_. . k Something that is very good.. side tvpica I . .:."~'.'.. g Footballers and football supporters often call the referee h Another word for a 'team' in a game is a Someone who organises different parts of an activity and brings things together is a .

[ ] I is for Ice. If the swelling and pain do not disappear. If it is a minor injury (particularly in the case of the knee. If the injury seems minor.. . resting and raising the leg by more than 20 or 30 degrees above hip level within 24 hours of the injury will prevent or reduce swelling. R is for Rest.c 76 UNIT12: l:: Using acronyms picture number that goes with each paragraph. A bandage or elastic support worn over the injury will help stop bleeding and reduce the swelling.. But it won't work if the compress is too tight or too loose. Give painful muscles plenty of time to recover if you want to avoid serious damage. note down the Dealing with a sports injury If you hurt yourself. If the injury is less serious. . avoid exercise until you can gently begin again. follow the RICE principles. [ ] NB: RICE is a recognised acronym used by chartered physiotherapists. because this increases the blood circulation and swelling in damaged areas. ( ] E is for Elevate. Apply using an ice pack or even a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel. ( ] C is for Compress. stop immediately. which means gently exercising the area until it is back to its former strength and full range of movement. seek medical help.if it really hurts. Don't apply heat. foot or ankle). If it hurts. . E Explain the importance of the following in the RICE principles? a pain: b a bag of frozen peas: c a towel: d heat: e a bandage: f hip level: __ _ . Pain is the guide . . . in the brackets. Keep it on the sprain or strain for 15 minutes and repeat several times in the first 48 hours. 'E Read the article that follows and. you can do 'active rest'. (~·2~::n .. seek medical attention.

. . E tttertain yo III' guests and make sure they talk to each other: A greentent is better than argument around the dinner table. acronym: a word made up of the first letters of other words Join phrases from the two columns below to make names.. You can choose one of the following situations or invent one of your own. . Look at the following dictionary definition of the word 'acronym'. Describe what each letter in your acronym stands for. a computer program. a mobile phone) • Planning a journey/holiday • Preparing for an exam • Having a party Here is an example: Having people for dinner Meet . the ioasbing lip until afterwards . your guests with a smile 011 your face. 4..UNIT 12: r 77 ::....g. . Make up an acronym to help people to remember what to do in a particular situation. Leave . What are the acronyms? Self-Contained Light Amplification North Atlantic United Nations Value Added by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisatlon Tax Treaty Organization Underwater Breathlng Apparatus a b c d e . . • Having people for dinner • Using a technical device (e...

and when the two men met they flung their arms around each other in an emotional embrace. Just that solitary chair. _ _ ••••••••• . .. He rushed down from the stage.. . He stretched out his hand to someone in the audience.. He was dressed in dirty motorcycle leathers. A man got up from his seat and walked towards the stage... one of the world's most famous cellists.. Yo-YoMa did not move. An electric shock ran through the audience when they realised what was going to happen. came on to the stage...... nobody moved.. but Ma did not seem to mind...... suddenly everyone was cheering and shouting.. Everyone in the hall held their breath. . There was no piano. _... But then Yo-YoMa stood up. e \Vhat happened next? f How did the audience react then? . but that soon became loud and painful. He stayed with his head bowed over his instrument. and then he started to play music that was at first empty and dangerous. like people do when they've just heard great music. bowed to the audience and sa t down quietly on the chair. There was only one chair on the stage of the concert hall in northern England.. People were nervous and excited. a WI10 played at the concert? b How many people were in the audience? c What was the music like? __ .. no music stand and no conductor... asking them to come and join him.·::7. \}~:... d How did the audience react as the music finished? ... finally. But this was more than music... The atmosphere in the hall was tense. For what seemed like hours. like the worst thing you've ever heard. thought for some minutes until there was complete silence. It was almost unbearable but then..... it faded away to nothing. . It was as if they had all experienced something terrible and dark.. Yo-YoMa.. He put down his cello. TIle audience went crazy. n •••• n _ _.. .. Finally it was time to start. He made himself comfortable... Everyone ill the audience of 600 people knew that they were going to hem a very special kind of music..A The cellist 'If Read the text below and then answer the questions that follow it...

.'" b There was complete silence c Everyone held their breath e TIle audience tuent c/·azy Use the phrases from EXercise 3 to answer the following questions. . c Adjectives describing something pad: Tick the words you know.... Complete the table below using words from the text . You may have to change the tense of the verbs and some other words.Adjectives describing Words about musical . musical furniture. a What do you do when you swim underwater? b What do you do at the start of a long rail journey? c What might you hear in the middle of the Arctic or Antarctic? d They flung their arms around each other 4....' b a . . Use your dictionary to look up the words you do not know. _. which are taken from the text. a He lila de himself comfortable __ _ _.. . b What do you think is the connection between the music. ow people feel: h instruments._ _.. and musicians: ".UNIT 13: A 79 :E. Yo-Yo Ma and the man dressed in motorcycle leathers? By reading texts 1-3 in the next section (Section B) you will find out the answers.. 5 Think about the following questions. QJ'!::~~~. d What would you and your best friend do if you met after not seeing each other for a long time? do at the end of a concert by your favourite musician? e What would YOll .. ..~ ._ __ _ . .. Language in chunks Explain the meaning of the phrases in italics.~ h •• u••_.. . . i':/!..·. __ .. a Why does the text say 'this was more than music'.

. both soldiers and civilians. TEXT 2 Before the war..__ __ _ _. women and children ill a bread queue in Sarajevo. 1"0 ease the pain of loss and to preserve the dignity of the a What was Vedran war? Smailovic's job before the ". women and children queued to buy fresh bread.". For the next 22 clays at exactly four o'clock in the afternoon he pur on his concert clothes. took his cello and a plastic chair into the empty streets and played a piece of music by the composer Alhinoni . TEXT 1 In the early 1990s.80 UNIT 13: B B '[j The story of Vedran Smailovic (Before ioorhing 011 this section._.. n bakery.) Read Text 1 and then answer the questions. It was constantly under arrack and its civilian inhabitants had to live with no electricity and little water. d Why did he play his cello? . A man called Vedran Smailovic lived near the scene of this terrible tragedy. Only a few shops stayed open to sell food. Read Text 2 and then answer the questions. But it was not to be._ . e Was he ever hurt? _ . ~ at four o'clock? . and when he heard the news he decided to do something about it. one of the shops. bur he was never hurr. ~ . The city of Sarajevo was for many months one of the most dangerous places in the world.his Adagio in G Minor. he decided to do something about it. With the world collapsing around him he played for compassion and pe. there was a terrible war in Yugoslavia. b What happened c How many people died? . Shells tell and hullers [lew wh ilc he played. A round him there was fighting and death.." ~..~ . On 27 May ] 992. .1CC. . opened in the afternoon and a long line of men. one of the saddest pieces of music ever..__ _. d When exactly did they die? e Who were they? f Who is or was Vedran Smailovic? ._ . a Why was there a queue of people on in the street 27 May 1992? . b What did Vedran Smailovic decide to do when he heard the news and how did he do it? c What piece of music did he play? . And so he did what he did best._. Many people died. 2. He played his cello." " ~ . Vedran Smailovic had been a cellist with the Sarajevo Opera. At four o'clock a mortar shell exploded in the street and 22 innocent people were killed. He was 35 at the time. human ruce. When he heard about an explosion thar had killed men. make sure )'011 have read the text itt the previous section (Section A).

answer these questions. It was performed by the cellist Yo-Yo Ma at the Manchester cello festival in April 1994. a What was the piece of music in the concert called? . TEXT 3 David Wilde. b Who wrote it? c Why did he write it? d What had Vedran Srnailovic done and why? . e Who was the man in the audience wearing motorcycle leathers? . David Wilde was so inspired by the story that he wrote a special piece for solo cello. . which he called The Cellist of Sarajevo. who played his cello in the street in the middle of a war to honour the dead. e Who played it? . It was about a man called Vedran Smailovic. 5: What words would you choose from the following lists to describe Vedran Smailovic's action? What other words could you use? • beautiful • brave D • foolish • irresponsible D dramatic gentle useless D • crazy • • • • • • . Vedran Smailovic had survived the war and was in the audience that night to hear it. c What did he do then? d Where was The Cellist of Sarajevo performed? .UNIT 13: B 81 3 Read Text 3 and then answer the questions. . read a story in his newspaper that moved him deeply. Incredibly. . a Who is David Wilde? . His courage was extraordinary because he sat in the street and played while shells and bullets flew around him. f Who was in the audience? 4· Based on the information in the text in Section A and in Texts 1-3 above. b What did he read about? . an English composer. the two men embraced in front of a cheering audience. When Yo-Yo Ma finished playing.

~-~-.-----verb. bMcJ. e There is a grammar ---~~----. CORRECTION b -.-styll1. --------. f 9 h The __ tense -----_. d -----.----------c .-.__------~.. I ~ fri[t\cJ p 1m. ==~~~~OI __ ._. Something that is not necessary has been put In.r~ WD ~aur if . MuSifJ is Mj fv. --. M 9 ttl1._---------.~ Ml1. e ~~11._--_.--. rock.._.-.'!j M~ClI MuSiL) fh0'ah ww (A.------_.v'ijift thi~.-.---- --------_.__.---~-.-.----.__ .._ Meani~g a been left out.• C Correcting and ordering and then complete the 'correction symbols' chart with the correct symbols.82 UNIT 13: r .mistake.-.-----.IUlI"(\W thl1.-.-.--------._. hav'11._. is v'~ af all bewusl1.-~.fClI uSifJ faa._--------- 2 Write a correct version of the student's composition in Exercise 1.__ . t sp I lita WO J~ MUch if._.s jOU~ (\OW bur I do« 1f [fa] pl~ ~ Sistl1. The verb doesn't agree with its subject .__ .-.---.------. ----------------- _. '!l Read the following corrected piece of homework by an elementary student.is wrong. There is a punctuation mistake._ The student has used the wrong word(s).Something has . The word order is wrong.r pl~ i(\ c J~ 0.---.-._. __ . __ .(V\ I ao(\ 'f lila if bl1.---------.. MuSifJ.fthr il\ jem....-._.--.--.__ .. ----------- ==~-~ _ __ -.---. _1__._-_.~-- SYMBOLS ._--_-_ . 0h11..A~heo.-.--. ._-_.----~-. There is a spelling mistake._.r li~ heo.McJ hl1. piMa wh[t\ I wo.._. hClS Cl lor of il\fvrMafio(\s also lilas a lor Mj SiSfe. MUch af all.-~----.'concord'..-------.

.... k Some children are bored by music....UNIT 13: C 83 :3 Look at the following statement... What do you think? Write A (= Agree) or D (= Disagree) in the brackets... maths. Now list the opinions (a-I) in the correct columns below... 1 ] Practising a musical instrument is good for self-discipline... All children should learn a musical instrument at school.. e Not everyone likes music. h Playing in music groups is good for cooperation......g... 1 Some children have no musical talent. d Instruments are expensive to buy or hire.... either in favour of or against the statement in Exercise 3 above..... .. c Children develop intellectually if they learn an instrument. For (in favour of) learning a musical instrument Against learning a music instrument 5 Use some of the opinions from Exercise 4 to write one paragraph of not more than four sentences... a Music can be enjoyed all your life. . . b Children take pride in progress. Instrumental playing helps mind and body coordination... . nn @"!.l. Do you agree with it? 4'......... g Other subjects (e. f There's nothing special about music... Read the following opinions.... science) are more important..:::"~...

I think. well. 'Wcll its no good looking at me: I said. 'SOl'l'Y..:. OK? Me and Mnlqosia.A Rachel a .. I didn't like talking about iL 'Can I say somethimj?' Rachel asked. now you're cross with me. -Iustkeep out of my nffalrs. She wanted children one du): she said. 'Maybe: Treplied. She told me that her dreams were much the same. that.:. I wish I was bcautilul Iike (but. and still very young. Around us people were lulldng IIJldluughing as tho night got darken I saw the lights of a party boat uuvelling alonq the river in front of us. I understood what she was saying. well .. you 1001:she said. But I suppose. I told bel' I wanted to make enough money lIS II musician Lahave a nice house.. we're . And I do like hC1:BuL she's crazy about Tfbon and anyone who's crazy about Tibor. 'Wcll what?' J answered. if only I bud understood what she was llying to tell me.Sorry. That niqht we sat and talked ubout what we hoped for in the future. 'You can't see anybody anywaj: Not while Mulqosia is in 111e way. 'ILS.jusL that. wusting your life on bel' and you're not gelting anything back It doesnt look good. When she smiled she looked like a happy child and you knew you could trust hen She WIlS very easy lo talk Lo. Now I think that if only I hod listened lo her then.'we're special. My only excuse is that I WIlS very confused then. an instruction book for trumpet players? b '" a story of romantic love? c . but I didn't like anyone criticising Malqosia. 'I'hats what r think' 'Well: I snapped hack. that wnsnt iL It was bemuse Rachel had said something that I didn't want to hear because iL was the Ll'UU1. She slopped and looked at me. She had light brown hah.' Rachel worried..Idnd Drilling.. OK?' Rachel had gone red and I had gone lao Iai.' I blushed. but for that she'd need to find the riglll man. if T am honest. It comes from a book called Trumpet Voluntary. I wanted a word that meant more than 'friend' but I couldn't think of the right one . and pretty brown eyes set in a round pleasant face. without lhinkinq. well. 'I know that. I rniqht not have mode the decisions that I did and my rue might have turned out very differently . ollright? So jLSnone of your business.. nervously 'It depends what it is: I replied. travel a bit. O[ don't care what you think. as ajoke. a study of one of the most famous pieces of 17th century music? 'i Read the text. I know Malgosla is beautiful. 'Oh. Do you think the book is: I liked Rachel. She was quiet and genUe. But it's just a pity to see you and hen She's noL right for YOlL You're wastlnq your time. I mean reilly beautiful.Iauqhlnq at me. wondering how I would react.

........ .. 'If only I had listened to her then .... b She's not C ~~........... = = .. You're wasting d I don't care what e It's none of ..UNIT 14: A 85 2 Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings. The first letter is given for each.. ..... Complete these phrases from the text and explain what they mean.... angry: s _ .. b Rachel: d Malgosia: "ll. . _ _ _........ .... d to say/do something because of what someone else has said/done: r ....... Without looking back at the text.......' What do you think he means? What do you think happened to him? .. = = = £ I(eep out of 'g I had gone = Which two phrases are used in an aggressive way? S The narrator says. _ . a can I say something Rachel asked nervously b I know that you fool she said laughing at me c well what I answered Language in chunks ~ 5:.. rewrite the following with the correct punctuation. . a a stupid person: f... to say something suddenly because you are g a _........ my life might have turned out very differently.................. . What do you know about the following people? a the narrator: c Tibor: _ _........... S Read the text again..... a She was very easy . b to go red from embarrassment: b e saying bad things about someone: c f angry: c ... .. ...... c to be really in love with someone: c.

but I am going to give it a tryl Now. a sport or even a pet.. the basic place to start would be to ask yourself. when you are.. If the answer to that question is no.... and. b It's difficult to say whether 'this is love'. r -II == Now read the text below.'-'-''''--'''-~'~--'''-'---''-''-'-'''--'''--'-''--. do you want to be with them.. There is no way that you can love another person If you are so neurotic that you do anything they ask and agree with everything they say . statements.. I ..~. to me. or because they would much rather be with someone than no one.----·-·-·---'l---.-.-. You have a great day al work and want to rush home and telilhem every wonderfullhing Ihal has happened..86 UNIT 14: B •B '11 How do you know it's love? Read the following a Being attracted to someone isn't the same as being in love with them. Some people fall into the trap of thinking they love someone just because they are afraid to be alone. you still feellhat bond that lies you together wherever you go. then it really can't be love..just in case they won't liI~eyou any more If you don't behave like that.. but share everything with them. . This leads 10 Ihe old cliche that in order to love another person. e When you love someone you feel as if they are with you even when you are apart. There is a difference between being attracted to someone and wanting to spend the rest of your life with someone. is love.---. When you love someone.. Another problem is that there are so many different kinds of love: the love you feel for a friend. blarindra One of the most common questions we get asked at Lovingyou. we've all heard that before. You just have to trust yourself to recognise it.-.. Channels advice Is This Love? A Closer Look by Bot.... Basically. there are lots 01 emotions that people confuse with love.. jusl being close to them Isn't enough. -. -. That. .com is 'How do you know if it is really love?' Well.... Love is such a crazy emotion that there is absolutely no way that I can definitively answer how you know when it is love .. you must lirslleam 10 love yourself. d There are many different kinds of love.-. wonderful thing that nobody really understands what it is yet.--. Tick the first column if you agree with them. Now.-. a family member.. this also happens to be one of the most difficult questions to answer! Love is such a strange.. with a little bit of effort.. f When you love someone you want to be with them. I --.. Well. a part of their Iile forever. g When you love someone you want to share everything with them.. You can't stand the thought of being away from them but. In what order do the points occur in the text? Write in the numbers in the second column above. You know whether or not you are in love. One of the most common is attraction.-. The first one has been done for you. They have become dependent on the other person for so much that they don't know how to make it on Iheir own. You really have to like yourself and know what you have to offer another person.. you want to be with them. You can almost feel whal they are feeling.--. you want to be a part oflhem. Ihe question of whelher or not you are in love with someone is pretty obvious: you either are or you aren't . -.--. on the other side of the spectrum. . --I 1~1_ I I c Some people think they are in love. .. You feel like. you know the answer. h You can't love someone unless you love yourself. in order to find out If you love someone. deep down. you can see what they are seeing and think what they are thinking. as you can Imagine. You feel exciled at the prospect of just being in Iheir company. but what does iI really mean? II means that you have 10 be confident in your own ability and your own judgement. but actually they just don't want to be alone.. Not just be with them.

."·N .. g He warns that agreeing with anything the other person says is a sign of being too dependent on that person._------common complicate dependent on ..ti!..... "'·:·... ·· ..... it's easy to ._... . f He suggests that loving yourself means that you can make [] your own strong opinions..._XL_ .... is a phrase that is repeated so often that we don't think about its meaning. h He is sure how to answer the question 'Is this love?' [] i I think Bob Narindra gives good advice! [] ... _.......: ... of e When someone makes a what they think about it. b Someone who worries all the time is often called c We often use the phrase is clear and simple . True or False? Write T or F in the a Bob Narindra suggests that many people don't know whether what they are feeling is really love........... . •• * to describe something that fall into the trap ..: ..:~ share ..... __. .. ------_.... . statements .... e He suggests that you have to love others in order to be able [] to love yourself._':: :........ such as 'blind as a bat' or 'raining buckets'.. ..'..·. on something they decide neurotic:' . ~""" ... When we something they experience it things we make them less clear and simple.>: ...when they are peaceful and agree .. them.... k When someone offers you something for nothing..~~-....prospect.....it happening...... ·...· ...___ d When we expect something to happen we say that there is a ... g When something is normal and ordinary we can say that it is h When two people together........ When you always need the support of another person you are ... V_OOO·"'......... a People are in with each other... .... of Is each of the following brackets...--.UNIT 14: 8 87 S Look at the way the words and phrases in the box are used in the text on page 86... ":.. ...believing them.... and then write them in the correct gaps below... c He says that people who are in love want to tell the person I they're in love with about everything that has happened to them. . pretty obvious ' ... ----... .....ha rmo nv · judgement .. b He thinks that the love for a pet is the same as the love for a friend. : £A ... _ _'. d He thinks that people who are in love can read each other's I] minds.....···· . '_ .~ .... __ ....... -- cliche ..... ..

88

UNIT 14: C

•C

ISmail ads'
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2,8, a\e 'or a \ d \ ts

'ii Look at the newspaper

advertisements Which one is looking for: a b c d
e

(often called 'small ads').

someone to talk on the telephone all day? a wife/girlfriend? someone to work with cars? a husband/boyfriend? someone to work with food?

Write the matching number in the brackets for each. E Match the words in the box with their meanings (a-i), a friendly and polite: b keeping things clean: c walking, cycling etc.:
Harland Mot fUll-time qU~;'s requires Start immedja~~d mechanic. reliable and ,e v, Must be Good rate of sa f-motivated. right apPlicanfa~ ~or the Adi on • e: Sam or

)pplica,nt. .

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....

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8

d something that can be changed or agreed through discussion:

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'6egotiable<"\

:_,_.:.

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e someone who asks someone for a job:

'the

outdooi;

.:.:":-.~;:~:~~.~;.~\;.:) ..<
.. .. . ,"':," ''''' •...

life .

O;F~~~I~ie'acher, 40-some~hingr

f someone who fixes cars:
g the money that is paid every month: t 1 amount ie
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Ilil!~~~~;git~~5ing
~Fib~;;;';~1~5sjc:a( theatre, music.
. I
TELESALES person required for fast-growing company. Experience preferred. Salary, hours negotiable. Call Ruth on ......... ,,------

h would like to rneet: money
0 ff rere df

. or a JO b : using words from the .

:s

Complete the following sentences advertisements. a b c 50-something man woman. d Cook e Experience f The successful g The applicant must

Mary on 01229 negotiable.

happy, artistic for new restaurant. but not essential.

will earn a lot of money.
with people.
(~t,,:c

AN!iWER KEY
lJNIT 1 A3
a b c d e f relative enthusiastically attentively criticise inconvenient try your best

C1
a Sally b John c Justin C3 He is happy because he has just won the lottery. Arran is a good football player although he is not very big. Stephen is very excited because he has just won the lottery. Stephen is very excited because of his lottery win. He played a good game in spite of/despite feeling ill. She missed the train in spite of Idespite getting up early. I-Ie is happy because of his lottery win. Mark is not very popular despite/in spite of his friendly and enthusiastic manner. He failed his exam despite/in spite of his hard work, Sadia passed her exam although she is not very intelligent. Example answers Report 1: Andrew makes a lot of mistakes because he works too fasc. Although he tries his best [Q make friends, he is not very popular because he tries too hard. He seems to be obsessed wirh music and he is sometimes careless. Report 2: Andrew is a fast worker who tries his best to make friends. He is very creative. He is also very musical.

A3
press release the Pentagon stuffy bunk deck f aircrafr carrier g ordeal h miracle A4 a back to sleep b thinking c footing d of madness c consciousness f his eyes B1 People who live in the house: Helen Monahan ( ), Marcus Monahan (boiler engineer), Harley Monahan ( ), Norton Monahan ( ) Pilot: Donald Campbell (neurosurgeon) a b c d e

A4
Example answers 1 Do you: a ignore the child. b ask the child what the problem is. c tell the child to be quiet. 2 Do you: a ignore the problem. b smile at the couple and say that you understand. c go over and tell them to be quiet. 3 Do you: a say 'It's my grandfather's book. I don't really want to lend it.' b lend it to your friend. c say no.

1c 2b 3d 4a

B

1

C4

B2 aF bT

cF dF cT

5e 6f

f

g B3

T F

B2 a Lensky b Tatiana

b steer
c d e f g

a pick up plunge grab treat

c Lensky
d Madam Larina e Onegin f Ralph Fiennes g Prince Grernin

clip
plough through cut out

lJNIT 2

h Onegin
Tariana and Onegin j

Al
a Some overalls. b Lt Zachary Mayo. c From the sea/from drowning.
A2

It yaw B4 a engine b tail
c nose

Tchaikovsky k Pushkin I Pushkin
B3

a widow

b pours out their heart
c challenges someone to a duel d can not walk away from e in a strange mood f passionately g outgoing h heartbroken landowner j fictional k ridiculous I a twist of fate

Example answers a Because he was hot and he couldn't sleep. b He leaned too far over the side. c He filled them with air and used them as a 'life jacket'. d He hadn't seen anyone for 34 hours and he'd seen sharks. c Two marines talked to Mayo's parents. Three days later they heard about his escape.

d wing
e wing tip

C1
a b c d Fuel gauge failure traps couple Hero pulls neighbour from fire Horrified driver sees attack Saved by sharp-eyed flight attendant e Turbulence terrifies teenager

90

ANSWER KEY

a Articles (the, a), prepositions (ill, 011), auxiliary verbs (is, are, have etc.] b Verbs, nouns, adjectives: dramatic words - the main events of the story c The verbs are often written in the present simple tense, a Turbulence terrifies teenager b Horrified driver sees attack c Saved by sharp-eyed flight attendant d Hero pulls neighbour from fire e Fuel gauge failure traps couple a Gulay Menguc was terrified on a flight from Istanbul to New York by turbulence. b Youths attacked a car with bricks and a baseball bat, c Air hostess Julie saw a burning ship from an aeroplane. d Jean Buiter was saved from a fire by her neighbour Laurence Broderick at her home. e Jane Bakewell had forgotten her mobile phone so she and her husband had to spend the night in their car.

C2

A4
a aisle b open-air c carcasses d vacuum-packed c blink f sell-by date g background noise h observe Possible answers This makes people think they are going into an open-air market ... ... makes them feel positive, ... .. , colours that make people feel healthy and happy, ... ... the same colours to make people feel at home, ... This can make customers feel sleepy, ... Silence makes shoppers feel uncomfortable ...

C1
a They think that the Internet has changed the way people shop. b It is possible to buy them on rhe Internet. c They would still rather go to a shop, d Computers have had an impact on the way they shop.

C3

A5

C2 1d
2c 3b

4

a

C4

1a 2b
3c

C3

4d
The correct

C4

order is: c, b, d, a.

A6
There is some truth in both of these statements, but a is nearer the meaning of the text than b.

IJNIT 4
A1 The correct answer is b.

B1
a

A2
a They are usually in their late teens or early twenties. b They are students, secretaries, young lawyers, electricians. c They are neither poor nor rich; they don't have too much money but they usually have enough to travel cheaply. d Backpackerland exists because travelling is cheaper than ever before. e By email. A3 a hostel b air-conditioned c jet-lagged d cybercafes e market stalls f travel guides g clamour h bravest

b3 c3 B2

2

d1

C5
Example answers a Worker nearly dies in freezer/Exercise saves locked-in worker b Lorry smash kills 2/2 dead in motorway accident c W'armheart concert cancelled/Illness stops Warmheart concert d Teenager runs marathon for cancer researchI15-year-old Emma runs for charity

IJNIT 3
A3 a F. The text says 'few shoppers go with lists', i.e. they haven't thought too carefully about what they want. b T. The text says 'this makes them ... feel positive'. c F. The text says they are normally 'placed on the back wall'. d F. The text says the middle shelves are considered the best. e F. They must know. The text says that all supermarkets from one company choose the same colours. f F. The text says that when people feel sleepy they buy more goods. g T. The text says that fresh smells ." 'create a nice "homely" feel', h F. The text says that silence makes people feel uncomfortable.

a site b queue c season d madhouse e exit ramps f online g hassle h collide patrol j creep along k put things into perspective I convenience m shopping offline n efficient a 1 Arundel Mills Mall 2 $250 million 3 Baltimore, Maryland 47000 5 Shops, a movie theatre with 20 screens and an entertainment complex 6 Queues 'for miles' b 1 People who have already used the Internet a lot 2 Small, only offering one thing, quick, easy to use, don't ask for personal information or go wrong 3 Customer focus, relevance, support, service, fulfilment

83

A4 1 hotter 2 the worst 3 more alive 4 more interesting-looking 5 cheaper 6 bravest
a b c d e f the worst more alive bravest hotter more interesting-looking cheaper

directions etc. f there's no rent. though she still can't believe it. a sight is something you see. They're the business. Thai con versa rion b bolts clicking open. washing. c car parks. seeing new sights. a pessimist is someone who thinks everything that can go wrong will go wrong. B2 a wearing b poor c nothing d clothes e clumsily f patiently g smirks h inside B1 a c c f g bF dF F F f2 3 hF T J T T T F A2 a He's a writer. Muriel works in films. d Brenda's a pessimist. accidental is when something happens that is not planned. IF mI n F AS a b c d e cope with spends a lot of time make a decision a sense of freedom has no doubt (rbat) . town. American: They taste better. c He thinks it's wonderful. which resolved both problems. b he wasn't sure he could handle it (parking. d The Bishop of Ireland in the 5th century and a saint. the roadside is the area at the side of a road.AN5WER KEY 91 a between (X and Y) b completely at home c cost the earth d life is full of surprises e out of touch AS UNIT 5 A1 a4 b1 c6 d5 c The verses are currently in the order 2. d it's great not knowing where you are. '50 the big news is. so she's fine. a car park is a special place for people to leave their cars. e using solar power. boiled in a sheep's gut. C1 aI bF cN C2 dF eF fN C2 g I 2f 3b 1d 4 e hF F jI kN 5c 6a C3 a A Scottish poet. the letter itself is very informal and friendly. a camper van is a van that has been adapted for people to live in. b In a camper van. f A campsite is an area where people can put tents or mobile homes. life on the road. A4 a An accident is something bad that happens when you don't expect it. Writer: They smell pretty good. lay-bys. g Although the layout is quite formal. and signing off with 'love'. B1 1. B3 a I am completely b The confession c The confession d 1 am completely e I am completely f The confession g The confession h (You decidel) different B2 a b c d e f g bolt dozily chattering keep the flies at bay early-bird travellers die-hard party goers expectantly h dawn chorus muffled i darters different different B3 a car horns.3. e An optimist is someone who thinks that everything will be fine. power for the computer). A3 Example answers a he lost his flar. water pipes. tbe whole world is your home. festival etc. the German girls' clogs c a traveller who'd been in the same place the night before d one of a group of Americans c American: They're banana pancakes. no obligations. a sense of freedom and happiness. b Traditional Scottish sausage made of chopped meat and oats. India. b By bus. loneliness. Are you English? Writer: Yes. e A three-leafed clover. Whar about you? American: I've been here for a week. b A park is a large area of grass (often in a town) for relaxation. with expressions like 'You know me'. festival sites. c A poem by Robert Burns. things have improved since then. Mariel's an optimist.156 Centenary Road. a Flat 3. c At first she was nervous. e Brenda's a teacher. c A site is a special place for something (a factory. f Good fun. f David is probably Rosemary's husband. by the roadside. d A road sign is something that gives information about speed limits. we've made our decision'. Mumhai. beautiful scenery.). American: Have you been here long? Writer: I've been here since yesterday evening. he needed a new engine for his car and suddenly he found a van. pessimistic.

] 2 Young (Rosie is probably in her late teens/early twenties. the parry is at a club. the results are not immediately visible to the wedding of their daughter. horse riding. She met Wild Bill Hickock and went to live with him in Deadwood.. Gita. spend more time on housework. e The captain who called her 'Calamity Jane'. tennis. Kuoni Roger and Daisy i Daisy B3 a sport. e Jack Rackharn & Anne Bonney. she uses language like 'the coolest party in town'. cut down on chocolate b it's easier to say it than do it. archery. he uses text message language (e. d She fought in the British army. two soldiers f She was imprisoned but not executed because she had a baby. so she retired. She was criticised. d She started bullfighting in South America in 1992.. She fought and lived as a man. She was captured by pirates. c 1 Old (Mr and Mrs Gurney must be old enough to have a grownup daughter. our appetites return and we start to feci deprived. what kind of an event. 'j 'Come and celebrate . Sasha and Miguel probably share a house. She fought as a pirate. so they might be late twenties/early thirties). pirates. Wild Bill Hickock. e£ She was fed up with criticism. which is more common for that age group. CU. Calamity Jane a 1852-1903 b American c She fought like a man (often dressed as a man) and was famous for her bra very... 4 Young (Jed is probably in his early twenties (or late teens). which suggests she is a fairly young person. Clinton Burke (her husband) f She tried to raise cattle and then ran an inn... b The e-mail invitation from Jed. would like to invite you'.. but she was not successful.. ?'t 1 Catherine of Aragon 2 Anne Boleyn 3 Jane Seymour 81 c Reply (RSVP). She married and had a daughter. She retired in 1999. on horseback Much to my surprise 'j A5 a b c d e f g can't cope a distant memory in control of nobody's perfect on a diet feel like gain satisfaction h at risk . She saved a captain who fell from his horse.. Cristina Sanchez a 1972 --b Spanish c She fought as a matador..g. 4 Anne of Cleves 5 Catherine Howard 6 Catherine Parr B1 a Angela Jones b Nigel Jones c Ronald Crabtree d Daisy Crabtree 82 c d e f g h a male heir b proof contemporary accounts control niece superb shot died in childbirth accomplished athletic i good politics k disastrous I horseman B2 a Angela and Nigel b Thompson Cruises c Angela d Bishop Jonathan Blake e Sash a Pliotnov f Nigel and Angela g My Travel Group h The tour operator. go on a diet. usually a male occuparion.) a who's sending it. She had a baby in prison. 'Any chance you can come to my party C2 A3 a on foot b c d e fell in love with the ban was lifted settled in. join a gym. She ran a ranch and an inn.92 ANSWER KEY lJNIT 6 A1 Mary Read a 1690-1710 b British c She was disguised as a boy so that she caul inherit her grandmother's money. bring a bottle and something to eat d 1 smile 2 see you 3 by the way .. time. let us know if you can come. ' . have great pleasure in inviting you to . BT\'V'). date and place of the event b ' . d She foughr with the US army in the 1870s. music b 1 Mary B3 a romantic setting b the tip of an iceberg c wedding package d exotic location e got to my level f our of the ordinary g in style It wedding reception hand in hand 2 Elizabeth c d e f g 3 Edward 1Edward 2 Mary 3 Elizabeth Catherine of Aragon Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Catherine of Aragon C1 a N1r and Mrs Gurney's invitation C1 Example answers a What's your name? b When were you born. bring a bottle. She married a soldier. and where were you born? c Where are you from? Where do you live? Have you lived anywhere else? Where were you educated? d What have been some of the important events in your life so far? e What's the most important thing that has happened to you recently] How would you describe yourself? g What are your interests? It What do you hope for in the future? A2 b Cristina Sanchez c d c f Calamity Jane Mary Read Calamity Jane Wild Bill Hickock a Mary Read UNIT 7 A4 a quit smoking.) 3 Young (Carol.

painting All over America. which seemed pretty full. Mrs Ramsey took down the fence. They'd obviously just taken them from rhe house.without seeing the people we're talking to out of place . The other one had two pictures with him. 4 The final paragraph concludes the article by looking to the future. d Because they don't know something or don't care. bridges. Puerto Rican mother Played in a band. e The underlined words refer back to previously mentioned nouns/names. or want to protect themselves. not 12. g A man who saw him painting complained to him. doing graffiti. their = William Jesperson and Carol Ramsey. c 1TIle first paragraph. A3 a intimacy b universal c uncertain d fidgeting estrangers f subconsciously g protect yourself C2 a The raid took place at about 1.000 damage to public buildings. c The second man was wearing a blue 'l-shirt. e. e Because they are relaxed or bored. Policeman: Were they carrying anything? Witness: Yes. Courtney Love C1 a A bank robbery. f To say hello or goodbye. f The local council spent £500. e encourage your interest f simultaneous g stars b at the height of their powers A5 face-to-face . b Three. g To show they are puzzled. B3 a b c d Syrup Image searching for some kind of identity quit school .g. not a black one as in the witness statement. auxiliaries and prepositions.AN5WER KEY 93 UNIT 8 A1 a Paintings or tags on the side of buildings. f Mrs Ramsey and Mr Jesperson are neighbours. C3 Example answer Policeman: What did you see? Witness: Well I saw two men running away from a house.000 a year cleaning up graffiti. b The text suggesrs that most people don't like it and that graffiti artists are usually punished. B2 a b c d e Jean-Michel Basquiat Thompkins Square Park Jean-Michel Basquiat Madonna Andy Warhol £ Jean-Michel Basquiat g John Seed h Julian Schnabel Julian Schnabel A4 a Because they are happy. her = Mrs Carol Ramsey. h A policeman. d Barnsley Council. A2 a A graffiti artist's signature. d They are personal pronouns. b Because they are surprised/interested. not short dark hair as in the witness statement. Sunderland spray-painted the man. buses and trains. Mr Jesperson bit the dog.lying C1 a b c d The dog chased the rabbit.30pm. his := Mr Jesperson.30 as in the statement. A6 b face-to-face B2 a2 b3 a telling the truth c out of place C2 c2 d1 c2 B3 a c e bT T T F T F dF f g A3 a signature b invent c penalties d offences e prosecuted f sites g spray-paint hT T AS a b c d e f g According to the police It gives me a buzz On one occasion went up to him things came to an end It soon became clear go to prison for a long time Basquiat IJNIT 9 A2 a crossing your arms b scratching your head c shrugging your shoulders d smiling e waving f tapping your foot B1 Jean-Michel B4 a interviewer b unconsciously c relax d uncrossed e sit forward f eager/enthusiastic glower h the same enter j decisive k appropriate I enrol 1960-1988 New York Haitian father. c Harmony is Mr Jesperson's wife. c Graffiti artist Simon Sunderland.appropriate telling the truth . 3 The next paragraph completes the story. Paris and New York Basquiat Jeffrey Wright. c Because they arc uncertain or worried. b The headline misses out articles. One of them was carrying a backpack. b Two teenagers who were prosecuted in Newcastle for causing £30. b The man with the gun had long grey hair. tells the whole story briefly as an introduction. Mr Jesperson owns the rabbit. David Bowie. e 'Fisto' or 'Fista'. a The present simple. 2 The second paragraph explains the first parts of the story in more detail.

was tall and skinny. See you then. I could see a broken window in the house. He was carrying two pictures. A window of the house was broken. c In these texts there are two. B3 a 55 minutes b On the train c 1Laptop computer 2 Mobile phone 3 Digital camera d 1 Sending ernails 2 Design work 3 Computer games 4 Homework 5 Shopping 6 Booking holidays e You can answer ernails in your own time. Great.94 ANSWER KEY Policeman: Can you describe the men? \Vitness: Yes. one at Stratford and one at Bilton. He was wearing a cap. b William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet. They had obviously just come from a house. f Some people think the Earl of Oxford used the name 'William Shakespeare' but that he (the Earl of Oxford) wrote the plays. which appeared to be full. e There are no handwritten manuscripts in William Shakespeare's handwriting.the one with the pictures . Policeman: Anything else? Witness: Yes. Just once.was shorter and quite fut. The other one . C2 d 1623. Oh please. One of the men was tall and skinny. of course. He had a large backpack. c Many films have been made about William Shakespeare and his plays. Just once. Tomorrow? See you about eight? OK. e 1580. A2 a C1 a today bT T b all the best c d e f g h j before eight be seeing you by the way see you la ter great lots of love love anyone no one Oh I see Are you OK? someone thanks want to weekend love and kisses UNIT U] A3 a b c d e paragraph paragraph paragraph paragraph paragraph f paragraph g paragraph h paragraph paragraph j paragraph k paragraph I paragraph a b c d e f g a 3 1 10 7 2 4 9 12 8 6 5 11 cF dT eF fT A3 1A 2H 3G 4B k I AS m n o p q r a b c d e f g h 5C 6D 7I 8F 9E A4 a John Field was Shakespeare's neighbour in Stratford-upon-Avon and he published books. The first one the one with the backpack . The other man was shorter and fatter. b William Shakespeare. Where? j When? k OK. By the time not a good idea out of date long periods of raves about nothing wrong with that down the drain B b c d e f g h i 1 T T F F F F F Do you want to come out with me? Clown's cafe? Fantastic! See you tomorrow. He was wearing a cap. No thanks. Example f a 'place' on the Internet that you can visit g see you h uniform resource locator (the address of a website or web page) World Wide Web lINIT 11 A1 a William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon. a b c d e a B1 Margaret Johnson Alex Faye Brad Courtenay Ralph Blackman Brad Courtenay B2 T T iF B2 a b c d digital camera technically complex Internet service provider a small computer that you can carry with you e technically simple 1a 2h 3e 4k 5d 6I 7b 8 b4 c5 2 f1 B3 a c d6 e3 9f Hc 10 g bT dT eF T T F f . C4 answer WITNESS STATEMENT I was walking along the street when I saw two men walking down the street. d Apparently William Shakespeare wasn't educated enough for such a knowledgeable playwright.

d At four o'clock. b He read about a man who played his cello in the street to honour the dead. AS UNIT 13 A1 . each 1 f3 UNIT 12 A1 The correct answer is c. c Albinoni's Adagio in G. 2 He's unfit/out of shape. e You might go crazy. e Yo-Yo Ma. loud. dangerous. c Because he had read about Vedran Smailovic. b Bob. B1 B2 a He was a cellist with the Sarajevo opera. women and children. d At the Manchester cello festival. c 12. e No.1 B3 a it is the only fully professional women's side in Britain b she says she loves it and she's really lucky to be playing it c there were no women footballer role models d they were sending text messages e they weren't laughing 4 d1 c e A4 a You hold your breath. b A mortar shell exploded in the street. b Like ice. d You'd fling your arms around other.men. d 1 He misses training sessions. f You have to raise your leg above hip level within 24 hours. e A bandage helps to stop bleeding and reduce the swelling. b You make yourself comfortable.AN5WER KEY 95 g hF F jT kT C3 F f blokes g ref h side coordinator typical k inspiring A3 a moved about on the chair until he felt comfortable. b He decided to do something about it. b David Wilde. d Heat is bad because it increases the swelling. c He wrote a special piece of music called The Cellist of Sarajevo. he was never hurt. a bag of frozen peas can help to stop the swelling.. went down to meet him and they embraced.complete silence. b 600. 84 a The Cellist of Sarajevo. c empty. e They were innocent people . 3 He's out at parties all the time. d He played for compassion and peace. c You can wrap the bag of frozen peas in a towel.1 b1 c5 e 4 R4 C1 d1 3 A3 a Paul. A2 . I3 C1 E1 C2 a Pain tells you whether you need to see a doctor. a They were waiting to buy bread. to ease the pain of loss. e Vedran Srnailovic. c Complete silence. f Vedran Smailovic was a 35-year-old man who lived nearby. f Vedran Smailovic. A4 a awkward b stammer c stretch d hardly e training sessions f fashionable g get up to h stadium a turned his back b get into shape c had enough of d change your ways e makes two of us f interrupting g read his thoughts C3 a scuba b laser c NATO d UNESCO e VAT B3 a He is an English composer. and to preserve rhe dignity of the human race. e Yo-Yo Ma beckoned to someone in the audience.1 Yo-Yo Ma. painfulalmost unbearable d They held their breath . B1 a Fulham LFC b c d e f g Stowrnarket Chantelle White Permi jhooti Permi jhooti Rachel Yankey Two teenagers at Rachel's training session h Clinton joseph A middle-aged man B2 a b c d e damp professional role model look up to enthusiastic A2 a music stand conductor cellist piano b nervous excited emotional c dangerous painful unbearable terrible dark C1 b [] c sp d ww eg fc gP a /. the cellist. f They started cheering and shouting. d He had played his cello in the streets in order to honour the dead. c Football. e They are brothers. h t wo . b not a single sound c stopped breathing for a while d embraced wildly e applauded and cheered wildly 6 b5 . He played his cello in the street.

you think (your opinion is not important to me) e . She likes the narrator a lot. h. He is crazy about someone called Malgosia. i. too far (I had said too much/spoken too strongly) Phrases d and f are used aggressively. j Against learning a musical instrument: d. to talk to (there was no problem having a conversation with her) b . but is probably nor in love with the narrator .. A2 a fool b blush c crazy about d react e criticising f cross g snap B3 a harmony b neurotic c pretty obvious d prospect e judgement f cliche g common It share complicate dependent on k fall into the trap B4 a A3 a He likes Rachel. however hard you try) d .. and playing in music groups is good for cooperarion. He is a musician and wants a nice house and to travel.and he also likes my sister a lot! For (in favour of) learning a musical instrument: a. I learned the piano when I was young but now I don't play very much at all.. My friend Peter likes heavy metal music too. He has a lot of information about it . what?' I answered.who thinks she is more than his friend..' she said. d She is really beautiful. c 'Well. for you (chat'S not the girl you should be with) c . though I don't like ir at all because I prefer jazz-style music.... and says that he didn't listen to Rachel properly. g bF cT dT cF fF T hF T (You decide!) . She is crazy about Tibor. but musical instruments are expensive to buy... b. Children develop intellectually when they learn an instrument and they take pride in their progress. other subjects such as maths and science are more important.. C2 a good with people b hygiene d negotiable c the outdoor life c applicant f mechanic g salary h WLTM i rate of pay a b c d e Call/ring Salary/Rates of pay WLTM needed preferred f applicant g be good with A5 . a C4 C3 C5 6 b1 c7 a B2 4 h8 g d2 e5 f3 9 UNIT 14 A1 The correct answer is b. There is nothing special about music. k. C2 c He is someone Malgosia is crazy about. my affairs (don't get involved with my private life) g . She is very keen on heavy metal music. I don't think all children should learn a musical instrument at school.. has light brown hair and pretty brown eyes set in a pleasant face. and is easy to talk to. but Rachel doesn't like him. But it's more than that. b 'I know that. Some children are bored by music. you fool. probably.. g. your business (I don't want you to have opinions about my events in my life) . Playing music helps mind and body coordination. your time (nothing is going to happen however long you go on. I Example answers In favour Children should learn a musical instrument at school because music can be enjoyed all your life.. b1 c3 d4 e a5 C1 2 A4 a 'Can I say something?' Rachel asked. nervously. c. Not only that.96 ANSWER KEY Example answer Music is my favourite thing. My sister plays in a rock band. f. e. and not all of them have musical talent. I like it very much. laughing at me. b She is quiet and gentle. Against Although music has some advantages..

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