THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

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CONTENTS
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PREFACE PREAMBLE

PART I THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY ARTICLES 1. Name and territory of the Union. 2. Admission or establishment of new States. 2A. [Repealed.] 3. 4. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States. Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters. PART II CITIZENSHIP 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan. Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan. Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India.

Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens. Continuance of the rights of citizenship. Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law. PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS General

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Definition. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights. Right to Equality Equality before law. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. Abolition of Untouchability. Abolition of titles.

Freedom of conscience and free profession. 28. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. [Repealed. 27. 38. 35.] 33. Right against Exploitation 23. Protection of life and personal liberty. etc. Protection in respect of conviction for offences. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases. 39. PART IV DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY 36. 34. [Repealed. etc. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles. Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part. 22. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part. 21. 31. Protection of interests of minorities. 24. Application of the principles contained in this Part. 21A. etc. Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State. Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.Right to Freedom 19. 31D. . 32A. etc. Cultural and Educational Rights 29.] Saving of Certain Laws 31A. 37. Right to Freedom of Religion 25. [Repealed. Freedom to manage religious affairs. 20. Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces. Definition. 31C. 31B. 30. Equal justice and free legal aid. State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people. practice and propagation of religion. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion. Prohibition of employment of children in factories.] Right to Constitutional Remedies 32. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. 39A. Right to education. 26. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech. Saving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates. Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area.

the election of a President or Vice-President. 70. 43. to education and to public assistance in certain cases. 67. 59. 68. sections. 64. 42. The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States. PART V THE UNION CHAPTER I. 45. Scheduled Tribes and other weaker Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health. Council of Ministers 74. Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.40. Organisation of village panchayats. of President. THE EXECUTIVE The President and Vice-President 52. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life. 47. 43A. 56. 57. Fundamental duties. The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office. Eligibility for re-election. 46.. 66. 48A. Power of President to grant pardons. The President of India. 60. and to suspend. Other provisions as to Ministers. 72. Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies. Election of Vice-President. Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years. 49. or during the absence. Participation of workers in management of industries. Manner of election of President. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. Election of President. Oath or affirmation by the President. Separation of judiciary from executive. 61. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy. 69. for workers. PART IVA FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES 51A. Living wage. 63. etc. Term of office of Vice-President. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy. 55. or connected with. . Term of office of President. 75. 41.. 71. Extent of executive power of the Union. Qualifications for election as President. The Vice-President of India. Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President. Uniform civil code for the citizens. remit or commute sentences in certain cases. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance. Conditions of President’s office. Executive power of the Union. 58. 48. 65. 53. 50. 62. 73. 54. 51. Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry. Promotion of international peace and security. Right to work. Matters relating to. etc. 44. Procedure for impeachment of the President.

The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People . . Speaker. Disqualifications for membership. 104. 95. etc. 94. 106. 91. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration. Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members Powers. Vacation and resignation of. Vacation of seats. or to act as. prorogation and dissolution. 98. Conduct of Business Oath or affirmation by members. 88. 78. 87.. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration. 79. Right of President to address and send messages to Houses. Disqualifications of Members 101. the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker. Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President. power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum. The Attorney-General for India Attorney-General for India. and removal from. Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified. 80. Officers of Parliament 89. Secretariat of Parliament. 90. 107. of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof. 97. Powers. Constitution of Parliament. and removal from. 99.76. 103. 105. 96. or to act as. PARLIAMENT General 77. 85. Readjustment after each census. Chairman. the office of Deputy Chairman. Composition of the Council of States. 102. Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker. 81. Duration of Houses of Parliament. Salaries and allowances of members. Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members. 100. Qualification for membership of Parliament. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of. etc. 92. Legislative Procedure Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills. 82. CHAPTER II. 83. Special address by the President. Sessions of Parliament. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of. Vacation and resignation of. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States. Composition of the House of the People. 84. Voting in Houses. 86. privileges. 93. Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses. Conduct of Government Business Conduct of business of the Government of India.

134. 113. Interpretation. 120. Restriction on discussion in Parliament. Ancillary powers of Supreme Court. 135. 131A.108. CHAPTER V. 146. CHAPTER IV. 114. Appointment of ad hoc judges. 127. Transfer of certain cases. LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament. 132. 139A. Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.] Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases. CHAPTER III. etc. 118. Seat of Supreme Court. 138. Definition of “Money Bills”.. 140. 109. 128. 134A. 144A. 122. 123. Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery. etc. 131. 126. Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court. Salaries. 130. Votes on account. 141. 143. Appropriation Bills.] Rules of Court. 119. 110. 111. . Procedure Generally Rules of procedure. 136. Language to be used in Parliament. COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA 112. Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court. Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates. 116. 139. Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases. of Judges. Special provisions as to financial Bills. Procedure in Financial Matters Annual financial statement. votes of credit and exceptional grants. 115. 124. Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business. Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters. [Repealed. additional or excess grants. Appointment of acting Chief Justice. 117. 147. 144. 121. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament. [Repealed. Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court. THE UNION JUDICIARY Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court. 125. Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court. 133. Supplementary. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to Civil matters. Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court. Assent to Bills. 142. etc. Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts. Power of President to consult Supreme Court. 137. 129. Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs. Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court. Supreme Court to be a court of record. 145. Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.

Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor. 165. Speaker. and removal from. Special address by the Governor. 156. the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman. 168. 181. Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General. The Advocate-General for the State Advocate-General for the State. and to suspend. or to act as. etc. 164. remit or commute sentences in certain cases. GENERAL Definition. 166. 169. 149. 167. 161. 182. prorogation and dissolution. Comptroller and Auditor-General of India. Qualification for membership of the State Legislature. Extent of executive power of State. Composition of the Legislative Councils. Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses. Chairman. 176. Conditions of Governor’s office Oath or affirmation by the Governor. Vacation and resignation of. etc. 177. 151. THE EXECUTIVE The Governor Governors of States. 173. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council. 175.. . Vacation and resignation of. Term of office of Governor. 180. 170. Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies. 159.148. 172. 183. Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States. Form of accounts of the Union and of the States. CHAPTER II. 157. Power of Governor to grant pardons. 179. Duration of State Legislatures. the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker. 174. Executive power of State. 155. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of. Qualifications for appointment as Governor. Sessions of the State Legislature. 163. 184. Composition of the Legislative Assemblies. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. Council of Ministers Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor. 153. Other provisions as to Ministers. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration. 158. and removal from. Conduct of Government Business Conduct of business of the Government of a State. Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses. 162. 160. Appointment of Governor. 154. CHAPTER III. or to act as. PART VI THE STATES CHAPTER I.THE STATE LEGISLATURE General Constitution of Legislatures in States. 152. 171. Officers of the State Legislature 178. Audit reports. 150.

Restriction on discussion in the Legislature. 203. Legislative Procedure Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills. additional or excess grants. 189. 201. Special provisions as to financial Bills. Definition of “Money Bills”. Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates. 209. etc. Assent to Bills. LEGISLATIVE POWER OF THE GOVERNOR Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature. Procedure in Financial Matters 202. Annual financial statement. 187. Special procedure in respect of Money Bills. 211.. 213. 221. 191.. Supplementary. 216. 215. 195. Votes on account. votes of credit and exceptional grants. privileges and immunities of State Legislatures and their Members 194. 214. 207. etc. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature. Oath or affirmation by members. 197. 205.185. Salaries and allowances of members. 217. Powers. 220. 208. 200. Appointment and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court. privileges. Secretariat of State Legislature. Appropriation Bills. of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof. 204. 192. Disqualifications for membership. Conduct of Business 188. -THE HIGH COURTS IN THE STATES High Courts for States. Powers. Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge. 199. 219. Constitution of High Courts. 206. 218. CHAPTER V. power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum. Vacation of seats. High Courts to be courts of record. Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman. Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members. Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 188 or when not qualified or when disqualified. Procedure Generally Rules of procedure. . Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts. Application of certain provisions relating to Supreme Court to High Courts. 198. CHAPTER IV. Disqualifications of Members 190. 186. Bills reserved for consideration. Language to be used in the Legislature. 212. Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation to financial business. 193. Voting in Houses. Salaries. 210. Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to Bills other than Money Bills. of Judges. 196.

Audit of accounts of Pachayats. 224A. 236. Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States. Disqualifications for membership. 233A. 243L. A ppointment of additional and acting Judges. PART VII THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE 238.] PART VIII THE UNION TERRITORIES Administration of Union territories. 229. . 237.] Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court. 242 . CHAPTER VI SUBORDINATE COURTS Appointment of district judges. etc. 224. Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery. Validation of appointments of. Powers. 243E. Definitions. Power of High Courts to issue certain writs. Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories. Application to Union territories.. Constitution of Panchayats. Jurisdiction of existing High Courts. 243C. Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories. 226A. Interpretation. and Funds of. Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another. 235. and judgments.222. Powers to impose taxes by. 227. 239AB.] 239. 243G. PART IX THE PANCHAYATS 243. Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of magistrates. 241. 243J. 243H. 233. Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service. Elections to the Panchayats. 225. Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories. 243F. Reservation of seats. 239A. 226. 239AA. Control over subordinate courts. Special provisions with respect to Delhi. 243D. 228. 231. Gram Sabha. 230. the Panchayats. Appointment of retired Judges at sittings of High Courts. [Repealed. [Repealed. Constitution of Finance Commission to review financial position. 234. Appointment of acting Chief Justice. 243A. 223. 243B. Part not to apply to certain areas. Transfer of certain cases to High Court. 243K. Duration of Panchayats.. etc. Composition of Panchayats. [Repealed. delivered by.] Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts. 228A. 243M. certain district judges. [Repealed. 239A. Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature. 243-I. 240. High Courts for Union territories. authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.

244A. Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest. Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts. Disqualifications for membership. 243W. Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States. the Municipalities. Finance Commission. Definitions. etc. Committee for district planning. 253. LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS Distribution of Legislative Powers 245. Reservation of seats. 243ZF. 243-O . 243T. 248. 243Z. 243ZG. Composition of Municipalities. and Funds of. 243U. Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States. Committee for Metropolitan planning. Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation. etc. 249. 251. Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State. Application to Union territories. 246. authority and responsibilities of Municipalities. Bar to interference by Courts in electoral matters. 252. 243ZE. 243ZB. PART IXA THE MUNICPALITIES 243P. Part not to apply to certain areas. Constitution and composition of Wards Committees. Constitution of Municipalities.243N. Powers. Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities. 243ZC. 254. 243V. 243Y. PART XI RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES CHAPTER I. 243ZD. Legislation for giving effect to international agreements. Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only. Duration of Municipalities. 250. Power to impose taxes by. Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters. Elections to the Municipalities. Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States. 244. Residuary powers of legislation. 243X. 243R. 255. Continuance of existing laws and Panchayats. 247. PART X THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas. 243Q. Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States. Audit of accounts of Municipalities. 243ZA. etc. 243S. . Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor.

265.] Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India. 270. CHAPTER II. [Repealed.] 273. Disputes relating to Waters Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys. 262. etc.] 279. Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law. Expenditure defrayable by the Union or a State out of its revenues. Contingency Funds and moneys credited to the public accounts. 287. CONTRACTS AND SUITS CHAPTER I. Prior recommendation of President required to Bills affecting taxation in which States are interested. Miscellaneous financial provisions 282.. PROPERTY. 283. Distribution of Revenues between the Union and the States 268. Public acts. Recommendations of the Finance Commission. Restrictions as to imposition of tax on the sale or purchase of goods. on States in certain cases. 257A.. 274. Grants in lieu of export duty on jute and jute products. FINANCE General 264. etc. Exemption from taxes on electricity. 290A. Co-ordination between States Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council. [Repealed. 267. 291. 284. 285. Custody. [Repealed. Consolidated Funds and public accounts of India and of the States. 276. 277. 257. Custody of suitors’ deposits and other moneys received by public servants and courts. Adjustment in respect of certain expenses and pensions. ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS General Obligation of States and the Union. BORROWING . 261. Grants from the Union to certain States. callings and employments. 280. Service tax levied by Union and collected by the Union and the States. Contingency Fund. Exemption of property and income of a State from Union taxation. 278. Duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the State. Control of the Union over States in certain cases.] Power of the Union to confer powers. Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union. PART XII FINANCE. 288. [Repealed. 263. Taxes levied and distributed between the Union and the States. 260. Surcharge on certain duties and taxes for purposes of the Union. 290. Exemption of property of the Union from State taxation. Annual payment to certain Devaswom Funds. etc. of Consolidated Funds. 275.] CHAPTER II. Exemption from taxation by States in respect of water or electricity in certain cases. trades. records and judicial proceedings. 272. Taxes on professions. 258A. 268A. 269.256. 258. 266. [Repealed. Interpretation. 289. 259. Finance Commission. 281. 286. Savings. Taxes levied and collected by the Union but assigned to the States. Calculation of “net proceeds”. 271.

307. Succession to property. [Repealed. CHAPTER III. Transitional provisions. rights. Power to carry on trade. Borrowing by the Government of India. 300. assets. 315. liabilities and obligations in certain cases.] CHAPTER II. liabilities and obligations in other cases. Appointment and term of office of members. COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA Freedom of trade. removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a All-India services.292. 295. commerce and intercourse. commerce and intercourse. CONTRACTS.—PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States. Things of value within territorial waters or continental shelf and resources of the exclusive economic zone to vest in the Union. 306. 301. Succession to property. 312A. Suits and proceedings. Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce. 314. Restrictions on trade. State. Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade. OBLIGATIONS AND SUITS 294. rights. 313. LIABILITIES. 297. commerce and intercourse among States. Saving of existing laws and laws providing for State monopolies. PROPERTY. RIGHTS. [Repeated. Contracts. Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State. 293. SERVICES 308. 311. assets. 316. RIGHT TO PROPERTY 300A. Dismissal. 305.] Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304. CHAPTER IV. 304. 302. 310. etc. 298. Borrowing by States. 312. PART XIII TRADE. . Interpretation. Property accruing by escheat or laps or as bona vacantia. Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State. Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law. 303. Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of service of officers of certain services. 296. 299. PART XIV SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES CHAPTER I. 309.

or to claim to be included in a special. 342.] 330. 343.—LANGUAGE OF THE UNION Official language of the Union. 329. Control of the Union over the Administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes. 346. Special provision with respect to educational grants for the benefit of Anglo-Indian Community. Reports of Public Service Commissions. 329A. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies of the States. PART XIVA TRIBUNALS 323A. electoral roll on grounds of religion. 325. 336. Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission. PART XVI SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People. Administrative tribunals. States. Tribunals for other matters. 341. Expenses of Public Service Commissions. 331. Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after seventy years. 332.317. 323B. 334. No person to be ineligible for inclusion in. Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members. 333. National Commission for Scheduled Castes. Functions of Public Service Commissions. Scheduled Tribes. 328. 322. 327. 345. direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission. 344. Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions. CHAPTER II. PART XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGE CHAPTER I. race. 338. [Repealed. 318. 323. 335. 338A. REGIONAL LANGUAGES Official language or languages of a State. Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the House of the People. 347. Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes. 326. 321. Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts. Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures. Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission. Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language. 339. Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters. Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State. PART XV ELECTIONS 324. Superintendence. Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage. Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union. Scheduled Castes. 340. . Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature. caste or sex. Special provision for Anglo-Indian community in certain services. 319. 337. 320. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.

Effect of Proclamation of Emergency. 350. TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS 369. ETC. Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States. 361A. Effect of failure to comply with. 361B. 370. Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage. agreements. 351. 356. 361. 353. Suspension of provisions of article 19 during emergencies. 359. 349. 363A. Interpretation. [Repealed. 371C. HIGH COURTS. Bills.] Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties. operation. Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under article 356. 365. directions given by the Union. Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir. 371D. 355. 354. CHAPTER IV. Provisions as to financial emergency. 371. 368. 362. Definitions. etc.348. -SPECIAL DIRECTIVES Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances. Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance. PART XVIII EMERGENCY PROVISIONS Proclamation of Emergency. . Directive for development of the Hindi language. CHAPTER III. Special provisions as to major ports and aerodromes. Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language. PART XIX MISCELLANEOUS Protection of President and Governors and Rajpramukhs. Disqualification for appointment on remunerative political post. Special provisions with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh. PART XXI TEMPORARY. 358. Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during emergencies. etc. Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland. 371A. 359A. 350B. Protection of publication of proceedings of Parliament and State Legislatures. 371E.] 360. 364. 363. 350A. 367. Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in 352. Recognition granted to Rulers of Indian States to cease and privy purses to be abolished. 371B . 366. Special provision with respect to the State of Manipur. Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts. Special Officer for linguistic minorities. Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat. [Repealed. Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh. PART XX AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor. Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent List. LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT. Special provision with respect to the State of Assam. 357. or to give effect to.

392. PART B— [Repealed. 372. 394A. 375. Power of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases. 376. 371H. PART D—Amendment of the Schedule. Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh. Provisions as to Judges of High Courts. Short title. Commencement. AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALS 393. COMMENCEMENT. 378A. Special provisions with respect to the State of Sikkim. authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the provisions of the Constitution. —The Union territories. [Repealed. —The States. PART XXII SHORT TITLE. Power of the President to adapt laws. Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram. 371-I. Special provision with respect to the State of Goa. Courts.371F. PART E— Provisions as to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India. Repeals. 377. 373.] PART C— Provisions as to the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of a State. Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before His Majesty in Council. FOURTH SCHEDULE— Allocation of seats in the Council of States. 371G. 394. Continuance in force of existing laws and their adaptation. PART D— Provisions as to the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts. II. 395. FIFTH SCHEDULE— Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes PART A—General. 374. THIRD SCHEDULE— Forms of Oaths or Affirmations.] Power of the President to remove difficulties. SECOND SCHEDULE PART A— Provisions as to the President and the Governors of States. SIXTH SCHEDULE— . 379-391. 378. Provisions as to Public Service Commissions. PART B—Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes. Provisions as to Comptroller and Auditor-General of India. 372A. SCHEDULES FIRST SCHEDULE I. Authoritative text in the Hindi language. Special provision as to duration of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. PART C— Scheduled Areas.

APPENDIX II— Re-statement. of the exceptions and modifications subject to which the Constitution applies to the State of Jammu and Kashmir. 1978 APPENDIX IV— The Constitution (Eighty-eighth Amendment) Act. Meghalaya. TENTH SCHEDULE— Provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection. APPENDIX III—Extracts from the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act. Tripura and Mizoram. etc. EIGHTH SCHEDULE— Languages. List III— Concurrent List. List II— State List. TWELFTH SCHEDULE— Powers. NINTH SCHEDULE—Validation of certain Acts and Regulations. 1954. ELEVENTH SCHEDULE— Powers. APPENDIX APPENDIX I—The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order. 2003.Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam. with reference to the present text of the Constitution. authority and responsibilities of Municipalities. SEVENTH SCHEDULE— List I — Union List. authority and responsibilities of Panchayats. INDEX .

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