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does biotechnology means. Biotechnology is derived from two words – “bio” meaning life and “technology” referring to tools and techniques used to achieve a particular purpose. Biotechnology is a set of scientific tools using living organisms (microorganisms) plant or animal, or their parts to produce useful products for medical, agricultural, industrial and environmental applications (Department of Agriculture, 2002). According to Otalunji (2007), biotechnology can simply be defined as a technique that uses living organisms to make or modify and improve products. While the definition for sustainable environment is, able to be sustained by avoiding using up natural resources. (Hawker, 2006) The question is, “Is biotechnology the answer to sustainable environment in the context of Negara Brunei Darussalam?” In my opinion, biotechnology can be the answer to sustainable environment in the context of Negara Brunei Darussalam. It is found that the Biotechnology Unit, Brunei Agricultural Research Centre at Kilanas has been practicing the tissue culture technique. Some of the plants that are known being tissue cultured are mushroom, banana, orchid. However, there are also several other plants that are being tissue cultured. The process of tissue culture involves of the absence of microorganisms and the presence of a balanced diet of chemicals where a piece of plant tissue will produce numerous tiny replicas of its single parent, then the cells must be physically divided repeatedly and frequently through subculture in order to survive (BARC, 2000). There are many advantages of micro propagation of plants via tissue culture. The advantages are, large number of plants that are true-to-type can be obtained from a sample of tissue, establishment and maintenance of
According to Permanent Secretary. In a long term effect.“virus-free” mother plant stock. . the usage of pesticide and fertilizers can be reduced and thus leaching problem that can cause water pollution can be minimized. In my opinion. If this happen. since the plants that are being tissue cultured will be much more healthy. it can cause extinction to the species and thus disrupt the ecosystem. If the usage of land cover is reduced. only about 5% of Brunei’s land can be developed without constraints (Brunei Times. there is no need to clear forest to pave way for planting the plants and thus forest can be conserved. it helps to reduce the usage of land cover since it only requires only a small space for maintenance and multiplication of plants. hybrid plants can be propagated where sterility of plant is common. thus increase the chance of the fishes and other organisms that need oxygen to die. 2000). it requires only a small space for maintenance and multiplication of plants. continuous production all year round is possible and lastly maintenance of plants is minimal between subcultures (BARC. Leaching occurs when the excess of fertilizers or pesticides being removed from soil by surface run-off into the stream or river due to heavy rainfall. 2010) Therefore Brunei has to strategically plan for its land use to avoid over land use. Leaching triggers the growth of toxic algae in the water or stream which can cause the oxygen supply in the water is used up by algae. the ecosystem will be imbalance and thus the food chain or web will also affected. Secondly. plants are grown under controlled environment where they survive better and production rate is higher. tissue culture technique that is being practiced by the Biotechnology Unit can help to sustain the environment in Negara Brunei Darussalam. Why is this so? Firstly. not prone to disease and able to resist against pest (pest and disease free).
According to Permanent Secretary for Administration and Finance. Ministry of Development (MoD). In a worst case scenario soil erosion also can lead to disasters such as landslide and flooding. waste not only being reduced. the global warming effect can be reduced as forest help to absorb the carbon dioxide that is being emitted into the atmosphere. If the global warming effect can be reduced. but it also helps to prevent or at least minimize the effect of releasing methane gas into the atmosphere and toxic substances that can cause pollution. In my opinion. Moreover. it also can reduce the risk of having soil erosion if mass deforestation takes place and once there is a heavy rainfall. there are other ways that can help Brunei to sustain its environment. in my opinion. to implement the 3R’s programme which is Reduce. One of the ways to sustain its environment is. the Sungai Akar landfill is no longer available as a dumping site. the benefit of using the 3R’s programme is. whereas organic food waste or known as domestic waste lets off methane gas when decompose. plastic is one of waste that takes years to breakdown and potentially produce toxic substances. He also cited a 2005 study by Jastre that Bruneians on average produce 1. For example. Methane is one of greenhouse gases that are widely accused for global warming.By conserving the forest. Apart from that. In my opinion. the Sungai Akar landfill has transformed into a park. Brunei is one of the countries that produce waste higher than other countries in the region. Reuse. Now. However. Thus it is important for Brunei to reduce waste production due to limited land area. it is a good effort made by the Brunei Economic Development . reused and recycled. Recycle. 2010). such as increase in temperature causes sea level rises can be controlled and thus reduce the risk of having flooding. In contrast. many countries within the region only produce one kilogramme or less of waste daily (Brunei Times.4 kgs of waste a day.
Once. The other benefits of reducing the amount of consumers in using plastic bag. we can be sure that the water is safe for consumption and be used in our daily use. Fortunately. there will be no plastic bag for every Saturday and Sunday. plastic takes years to breakdown and potentially produce toxic substances. It is introduced by the Department of Environment. the benefit of using this technique is. it could prevent water pollution and by preventing water pollution. If the consumer still wanted to use plastic bag. Parks and Recreation. Sungai Akar landfill was viewed as ugly and caused ‘eye-sore’ to those that travel pass along the dump site. it is no longer causes ‘eye-sore’ and does not emit smelly odor. 2009). Furthermore. The new landfill is engineered to be environmentally-friendly. it helps to educate public to stop using plastic bags slowly and make it as a . The new location is at Sungai Paku.Board (BEDB). As a result of transforming Sungai Akar landfill into a recreational park. it caused air pollution as it emitted smelly odor. Brunei also has started to promote “No plastic bag during weekend” campaign this year. As a result it helps to sustain the environment. one of the benefits of having this campaign is to prevent further land pollution as mentioned in the paragraph above earlier. they have to pay for it. It is found that the engineered landfill incorporate the use of clay liners to cover fresh rubbish dumping grounds to help contain and prevent leachate (liquid draining from landfills caused by precipitation seeping through waste deposited in landfills) from infiltrating into the ground water thus preventing water pollution (Brunei Times. In my opinion. environmentally-friendly bag is sold for the public where this bag can be reuse each time the consumer going out for shopping. It means. In my opinion. a new landfill is built to cater continuous supply of waste being produced by the public. Tutong District. Ministry of Development. Since plastic bag is no longer available for every Saturday and Sunday.
it is a good start for Brunei to diversify its resources usage. To manage noise pollution. To manage on operational activities listed on scheduled premises. The act under the order are. this can help Brunei to sustain its environment. Another alternative way to help Brunei sustain its environment is by using solar energy. 2011). Ministry of Development also has released the Draft Environmental Order since 2002. To manage air pollution.habit to use reusable bags and become more responsible person. Since Brunei totally dependent to oil and gas. To control environment pollution such as budgeting on preparing . it helps to reduce carbon emissions thus reducing the greenhouse effects and being energy efficient. As a result. Belait District (PMO. To Manage and maintain on renewable resources. it can help Brunei to sustain its environment. By using solar panel. as part of the “green building concept”. Brunei has started to distribute more than 100 solar panels to Kampong Ayer this year as a way to upgrade their standard of living (Brunei Times. The Tenaga Suria Brunei or Brunei Solar Energy project was first launched on the 26th May this year at Seria. In my opinion. As a result. 2011). Thus Brunei can gain benefit from using this method since it is renewable and helps to achieve towards cleaner environment. To manage on hazardous waste listed under schedule waste. which is non-renewable resources and might deplete in the near future. It is part of Ministry of Development’s plan to install solar panels at housing development projects In the future. Brunei has taken early steps to use renewable alternative energy sources. To manage land pollution. To manage water pollution. It also might help the government to reduce their cost spend on producing plastic bags and waste management. To manage hazardous substances control. the usage of solar energy is suitable in Brunei as it is one of the countries that is located near the Equator which receives high insolation.
In my opinion. the use of reusable bag during the weekend and the enforcement of Environmental Order. 2011). Without this order. To prepare Preliminary Environmental impact Assessment. the construction of Sungai Paku landfill.assessment report on effect towards the environment. Recycle). transforming Sungai Akar landfill into a recreational park. Reuse. To ensure the prescribed activities. establishment of Environmental Quality Council. but there are also other ways that can help Brunei to sustain its environment such as using solar energy as source of energy. the 3R’s programme (Reduce. References: . biotechnology is the answer to sustainable environment in Brunei. As a conclusion. the Environmental order is drafted in order to maintain and sustain Brunei’s environment. Brunei’s environment can become worse since everyone can do anything that they want which can affect the effort of Brunei to sustain its environment (Kementerian Pembangunan. To manage selfmonitoring on selected industry and others.
bt. Kementerian Pembangunan. 2009. World Service October 10.1. Accessed November 14. Solar panels for new Kg Ayer houses.mod. Accessed November 14. 8.php? option=com_content&view=article&id=31&Itemid=6) .bn/news-national/2011/05/27/solar-panels-newkg-ayer-houses) 5. Accessed November 14.bt.2011. Plant Tissue Culture.bt. 2011 from (http://www.bn/news-national/2010/01/26/seria-powerstation-gets-solar-panels) 6.com.com. 2011 from (http://www. Brunei Times.bn/home_news/2009/05/16/new_landfill_will_not _harm_environment) 3. Accessed November 14. Brunei Times. 2011 from (http://www. 2002. Seria Power Station gets solar panels. World Service May 16.bn/news-national/2010/10/10/brunei-must-cutwaste-output) 7. Peraturan Alam Sekitar. 2010. Brunei Times.com.bn/news-national/2011/08/15/most-efficientpanel-be-identified) 4. Bandar Seri Begawan: Department of Agriculture. Brunei Must Cut Waste Output.bn/index.gov. Most efficient panel to be identified. Accessed November 14. 2011. Brunei Times.bt.com. New landfill will not harm environment. Bandar Seri Begawan: Brunei Agricultural Research Centre. GMOs. 2011 from (http://www. 2000. BARC.bt.com. Brunei Times. 2011 from (http://www. World Service August 15. World Service May 27. Accessed November 14. World Service January 26. 2011. 2. 2010. 2011 from (http://www.
2011.academicjournals. 2011. The role of biotechnology towards attainment of a sustainable and safe global agriculture and environment. PMO.org/bmbr/PDF/Pdf2011/May/Soetan.pmo.O.gov.bn/pmo1/index.p df) .php? option=com_content&view=article&id=1203:visit-to-brunei-solarenegry-plant-at-seria&catid=94:news&Itemid=75) 10. Soetan.9. 2011 from (http://www. Accessed November 14. World Service May 26. 2011 from (http://www. Accessed November 14. K. Brunei Solar Energy Project Launch.
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