Gjon Ljucovic Period 10

5/4/09 Mrs. Salmon

There have been many wars in the history of the world, but the most famous wars have been World War 1 and World War 2. Both of these wars were caused mass destruction across the globe, whether it was in Europe, or in the Pacific, havoc was caused everywhere by these conflicts. In both wars there were two teams against on another, each hoping to accomplish what their team wanted to do. In World War 2, for example, the Allies were made up of the U.S., Britain, Russia, and France (predominantly), which wanted to stop the totalitarian governments. On the other hand, the Axis powers were made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which wanted to make empires for themselves and to rule the world in a sense. Either way, World War 1 and World War 2 both had causes that were alike and different in many ways. There were many minor similarities such as location (mainly Europe), and minor differences such as when the war occurred. But, the main reasons that both major wars occurred had to do with nationalism, militarism, and imperialism. The causes of World War 1 and World War 2 were militarism, imperialism, and nationalism, which are distinct, but similar in their own ways. One of the causes of World War 1 and World War 2 was militarism, which is a government policy of investing heavily in and strengthening the armed forces of a country. World War 1 and 2 both developed due to the fact that militarism played a huge role in causing both wars. One way that militarism played a similar role in both conflicts is that Germany built up their forces in both wars, in which they had different reasoning in each war. For example, Germany built up their forces in World War 1 because other countries were also building up their forces. But in World War 2, Germany built up their forces because they wanted to fight of the Allies that had made them plunge into a depression, pay $33 billion in reparations, and more… In the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany broke one of the provisions, which said that all the countries had to demilitarize, which is the exact opposite of what Germany was beginning to do (Document 4). There were many ways that Germany was building up their forces, for example, they were building up their naval power to be one of the strongest and their air

they aided the Austria-Hungary forces just to be able to gain land. Hawaii with a method that was like the German’s blitzkrieg (besides the fact that kamikazes were involved). on the other hand. Also. the Lusitania was bombed by the U-boats of the Germans in World War 1. In a timeline of laws passed to show how Germany is increasing its military strength. Blitzkrieg. In Adolf Hitler’s book. Along with all of the similarities come the differences too. after they had become a militaristic country. and they prevailed in all of those missions. For example. which they didn’t end up doing. was lightening warfare. come the differences that militarism had in World War 1 and World War 2.’ property. Czechoslovakia. while blitzkrieg was used in World War 2. Another name that blitzkrieg was known as.S. Mein Kampf. Imperialism was another aspect that helped cause World War 1 and World War 2 that were contrastable and similar in many ways. and they increased their amount of military forces too (Document 2). Nationalism appeared in both wars when countries were trying to take over other countries (Imperialism). Imperialism . in some way. But. U. Hitler states that the only reason he’s taking over other countries is because many people are starving due to the population rise that is occurring in Germany. and in World War 2. Also. the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. For example. and would describe it well. and that was to rule the world and to spread the German superiority throughout the world (Document 6).S. militarism played a big role in causing World War 1 and World War 2. In World War 1. U-boats are actually submarines that were made to have high damage attacks. There were many differences such as the different type of fighting techniques used during the two wars. everyone knew that Hitler had one mission.force too. was always forced to enter the war because of the fact that the opposing countries tried to destroy the U. was an attack from “above. Austria. it shows that Germany increased its naval power to be the strongest next to the British’s naval force. Along with the similarities. and their sole purpose was to regulate the exports that Britain was receiving and to regulate Britain’s trade. and in both wars. the U.boats were used during World War 1. Germany tried to take over Poland. In World War 2. but to strike with deadly force. Overall.” This strategy was made so that Germany’s air force could bomb an opposing country quickly. Germany went after the colonies that were around them. and the Rhineland. One of the countries that was first to become imperialistic was Germany. but to attack quietly.

But. which basically was signed to keep Russia out of Germany’s imperialistic ways. often associated with a belief that one country is superior to all others. They had many jobs. This attempted invasions into Russia failed. assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand.changed during World War 1 and World War 2 in many ways. it shows how Germany started World War 2 by making an alliance with Japans and Italy. also affected World War 1 in a diverse way. which could have ultimately decided who won the war if Germany hadn’t invaded Russia. the Japanese had many fighters that would sacrifice their lives for their countries. Altogether. A saying that would correspond with this action is. which were called kamikazes. but how it was done differently. who was part of a nationalist group called the Black Hand. In a timeline showing Germany’s actions for 1918 until 1939. or ramming a boat filled with bombs into an American war craft carrier. For example. But in World War 2. Princip states that he was a nationalist. In Gavrilo Princip’s testimony at his trial for murder and treason on October 1914.” This is shown when Germany signed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. but keep your enemies closer. but was the immediate cause of World War 1. and caused Russia to defend the Allies and to help them defeat Japan and Germany. Germany has made many mistakes in both wars. unlike in World War 1. that the Serbian people needed to be avenged. Serbia was aided by Russia because they share pro-Slavic views. but Germany even tried to invade Russia. just as it was alike in many ways too. there were many different aspects of nationalism that caused . Nationalism play an enormous role in World War 2. “Keep your friends close. Imperialism changed because there were different alliances in both wars. They did this because Princip and the Black Hand believed that Serbia’s independence was being threatened by Austria –Hungary. such as flying planes filled with explosives and crashing them. and most of the alliances were just to keep one another close to each other in World War 2. there were other countries aiding other countries for certain reasons. For instance. and this was one of the stupidest in World War 2. Nationalism is the excessive or fanatical devotion to a nation and its interests. Gavrilo Princip. and then invading Austria and Poland (Document 5). nationalism was also present in the war. Nationalism was the immediate cause of World War 1 because a Serbian nationalist. and that he never regrets doing the deed that he did (Document 3). which was how the pact was broken. imperialism is what was the immediate cause of World War 2. Also.

Japan. use of violence and terror. whether it had to do with nationalism. and they were all allies during World War 2. the U. but both immediate causes fall under one of the three causes of World War 1 and World War 2. even in another war were to break out. militarism. or imperialism. which is when there is a dictatorship. But in World War 1. There were different immediate causes to both World War 1 and World War 2. there won’t ever be another world war. the reasons that World War 1 and World War 2 occurred were dissimilar and comparable. that if not followed. including Japan. and Germany were all allies at the time of World War 2.S. All of the three topics of militarism. Fascism and Nazism go under strict rules. nationalism. For example. and even killed at times.World War 1 and World War 2. extreme nationalism. . and much more (Document 7). and imperialism all had a gargantuan affect on the causes of World War 1 and World War 2. All of these countries. for example. while Nazism was occurring in Germany. This is one of the main reasons that Italy. In a web showing the stringent rules of fascism. were running totalitarian governments. countries allied because of their views. but altogether. and that these three causes wont occur in any way. World War 1’s immediate cause falls under the category of nationalism. while the immediate cause of World War 2 falls under the category of imperialism. it shows that there had to be blind loyalty to leader. and Serbia and Russia had the same Slavic views. Britain. In conclusion. and fascism and Nazism fall under the umbrella of a totalitarian government.. that person will be punished to the full extent. Austria-Hungary and Germany both had expansionist views. Fascism was occurring in Italy. and Canada were all a part of a democratic government. depending on their government. Also. it affected World War 1 and World War 2 drastically. All in all. France. nationalism was forced in some countries. Hopefully. One of the different aspects was the type of governments that were being run.

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