Sample Question Paper-I

CHEMISTRY
BLUE. PRINT
CLASS - XU
Time Allowed: 3 Hrs
S.No.

Maximum Marks : 70
VSA (1) SAI(2) 4(2) 5 (1) 2{1 ) 1(1 ) 1(1 ) 4{.2) 3(1) 3(1) 1(1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 4 (2) 1 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 8(8) 20(10) 27(9) 1S(3) Nitrogen 4 (2) 2 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 5 (1) 3 (1) 5 (1) 3(1) SA 11(3) LA(S) TOTAL 4(2) 5 (1) 5(2) 5(3) 4(2) 3 (1) 8(4) 5 (1) 3(2) 4(2) 4(2) 6(2) 4 (2) 4(2) 3 (1) 3 (1) 70(30)

UNIT
Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements p-block Elements d & f- Block Elements Co-ordination Haloalkanss Compounds and Haloarenes

1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Alcohols, Phenols & Ethers AI:dehydes, Ketones & CarboxyiicAcids Organic Compounds Biornolscu les Polymers Chemistry in Everyday life Containing

TOTAL:

DESIGN
S No. 1: .. 2. 3. 4 ..

Type of QUestion
Long Answers (LA) (SA II) (SA-I)

Marks for

each Question
5 3 2 1 Short Answers-II Short Answers-I

No. of Questions 3 9 10 08 30

Total Marks
15 27 20 08

Very Short Answer (VSA)

Total

70

111

Sampl.e Question Paper

>

l

CH'EMISTRY
CLASS - XII

Time .Allowed: 3 Hrs General Instructions:
1. 2. 3.. 4. All questions are compulsory

Maximum Marks: 70

Question no. 1-8 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each. Q ueslion no. 9-18 are short answer questions and carry 2 marks each. and carry 3 marks each.

Question no. 19-27 are also short answer questions Question no. 28-30 are long answer questions Use log tables if necessary, use of calculators

5...
6. 1..

and carry 5 marks each is not allowed.

Arrange the following compounds Chloropropane,

in order of increasing boiling poi nts.

Isopropyl chloride, I-Chlorobutane (CH)2C= CHCOOH

2. 3.

Give the IUPAC name of the following compound Forthe reaction N2(g) + 3Hig) ~ 2NH3(g)

If 4.

b. INH311 b. t = 4 X 1 Q..a mol L·t S·l, what is the value of • b. [H211 b. t.?

Which of the following is most effective electrolyte KCt, AeCC3 ,MgC£, , K4IFe(CN)a1

in the coagulation

of Fep3. Hp/Fe3+ sol?

5. 6.

Which nude ic acid is responsible

for protein synthesis in the cell. with IC

Which Xenon compound is isostructural Whath.appens

e~?

7.
8. 9

to the colour of coordination

compound [Ii (H20 )61 CI3 when heated gradually?

Write the structure of phenyl isopentylether. (i) (i i) For a weak electrotyte molar conductance in dilute solution increases concentration in solution is decreased. Give reason. sharply as its

Write overall cell reacti on for lead storage battery when the battery is being charged.

1 D.

Sucrose decomposes in acid solution into glucose and fructose according to the first order rale law with t112 3hrs. Calculate Ihe fraction of sucrose which remains after 8hrs. =

OR

112

The rate constants of a reaction at SOOKand 700K are 0.02 S·l and 0.07 s·' respectively. Calculate value of activation energy for the reaction [Given R=8.314JK-'mol-1]. 11. . For a chemical reaction variation in concentration, In[R] Vs time (min) plot is shown below:

I n[R]i

i
Time (min)""__'"

(il

What is the order of the reaction?

(ii.) What are units of rate constant, k for the reaction? (ii.i) If initial concentration of the reactant is half of the original concentration how will change? (iv) Draw the pial of log [R]ol IR] Vs time(s). 12 (i) (ii) 13 (a) (b) 14. (a) (b) 15. 16. Draw the structure of phosph inic acid (H)PO 2) Write a chemical reaction for its use as reducing agent. Suggest a quantitative method for estimation of the gas which protects us from U.v. fays of the sun. Nitrogen oxides emitted from the exhaust system of supersonic jet aeroplanes slowly deplete the concentration of ozone layer in upper atmosphere. Comment. Give the electronic configuration of the d-orbitals of Ti in [Ti(HP}613+ion and explain why this complex is coloured? [At. No. of Ti = 22] WritelUPAC name of [Cr(NH)3(HPlJ
tIn

ce

3

Show the mechanism of acylation of ethanamine and write the IUPAC name oflhe product formed Write a chemical equation each to represent (a)
(b)

Gatterman reaction Carbylamine reaction

17. 18.

Sodium crystallizes in a bcc unit cell Calculate the approximate number of unit cells in 9.2g of sodium? (Atomic Mass of Na =23u) What Is a semiconductor? Desoribe the two main types of semiconductors.

113

19

a) b)

Calculatetha charge in coloumbs requ ired for oxidation of 2 moles of water to oxygen? [Given IF =96, 500 C mot"] ZinC/siIver oxide ce'll is used in hearing aids and electric watches ..The following reactions occur: EO(Zn2+I Zn)= -0.76V

A9P + Hp +2 e- ~ 2Ag + 2 OH Calculate (i) (ii) 20. Standard Gibbs energy

EO (Ag+ lAg)

= 0.344V

Standard potential oflhe cell

Give reason for the following observations: (a)
(b)

Colloids stabilize due to Brownian movement. Cottrell's smoke precipitator is fitted at the mouth of chimney used in factories. Colloidal gold is used for intramuscular injection Extraction of Au by leaching with NaCN involves both oxidation and reduction. Justify by giv.ingequations for the reactions involved. Why is the froth flotation method selected for the concentration of sulphide ores? OR

(c)
21

(a) (b)

Outline the principle of the method used for refining of (a) (b) (c) 22. Nickel Zirconium lin

Write balanced chemical equations for the following.reactions: (a) (b) (c) Dimeric selenium chloride undergoes disproportionation reactton. Reaction of gold w.ithaqua regia. When phosphine is passed through mercuric chloride solution.

23.

Account for following: (a) (b) (c) Chloromethane reacts with KCN to form ethanenitrile as main product and with AgCN to form methyl isocyan ide as chief product. Chloroform should be stored in dark coloured bottles and these bottles should be completely filled. Benzylic halides show high reactivity towards SN1 reaction. Give one reaction of D-gJucosewhich can not be explained by its open chain structure. Give one example each for essential and non-essential amino acids .. Differentiate between keratin and insulin. Identify aliphalicbiodegradable devices. polyester which i,sused in packaging and orthopedic 114

24.

(a) (b) (c)

25..

(a)

Determine the formula mass of menthol. (a) Meniliolis a crystalline substance with peppermint taste. Also find the composition of the mixture in vapour phase. Give the structures of monomers from which it is formed. (b) (c) Q. OR (a) Account for the following: (i) Oxidizing power in the series VO+2< Cr2072.1 M Glucose OR (a) (b) Define Azeotropes and explain briefly minimum boiling azeotrope by taking suitable example.(i) (il) b) 26 (a) Write its full form (name).5 °C and 20. The freezing point and molal depression constant of cyclohexane are 6.1 M NaCI or 0. Give chemical tests to distinguish between: (i) (ii) Isopropyl alcohol and n-propylalcohol Phenol and alcohol (iii) Methyl ethanoate and Ethyl elhanoate 28. Which of the following has higher boi ling point and why? 0. Describe the oxi. (i) (ii) (b) Which is stronger reducing agent Cr2+ or Fe2+ and why? Explain why Cu'ion is not stable in aqueous solutions. A6. State Henry's Law and mention its two im portant applications.dizing property of KMn04 in neutral or faintly alkal ine medium for its reaction with iodide ions and thiosulphate ions.2 K rrr'.< MnO~115 . (iii) Snow the formation of polymer.2% solution of menthol in cyclohexane freezes at -1.95°C. Write the name and structure of the monomer of nylon-6 Justify the fol.29: (a) (iii) Explain why Ce4+ is a strong oxidizing agent." Why do we require artificial sweetening agents? Write the composition of Dettol.lowing: (i) (ii) (b) 27 (a) Sleeping pilis are reoommended to patients suffering from sleeplessness but it is not advisable to take them without consulting the doctor. respectively. The vapour pressures of pure liquids A and Bare 450 mm and 700 rnrn of Hg respectively at 350K Calculate the composition of liquid mixture if total vapor pressure is 600 mm of Hg.

. When (C) is treated with soda lime it yields an aromatic hyd rocarbon (D) _Ded uce the structures of (A). reagents or + CH3CHzCHO NaOH X CH3CH2CH"COOH CH/CH2)9CHO in not more than two steps? CH3CH2CH2CH2OH CH3-(CH2)~COOC2H5 ~ --L conversions How will you bring about the following (i) Toulene to Benzaldehyde Ethylcyanide t01 -Phenylpropanone. Methyltert-butyl ketone (Reactivity OR (a) Complete each synthesis products. towards HeN). 3.An organic compound (A) which has characteristic odour. (C) and (D).i) (iii) (b) CsHsCHO by filling the missing slarling materials. (B). Which is the last element in the series of actinoides? Write the etectronic configuration of this elemen! Comment on the possible oxidation stales of this element . Oxoanions of a metal show higher oxidation state. Acetone. on treatment with cone. (X. Compound (B) has molecular formula C7HeOwhich on oxidation gives back (A). Write the sequence of reactions involved. (a) In the fi rst transition seri es only copper has positive electrode potential.S-Dinitrobenzoic (acid strength) Acetaldehyde. (i i) 116 . Di-tertbutylketone. The compound (C) is a sodium salt of an acid.(i i) (iii) (b) 30. 4-Nitro benzoic acid. Arrange the tollowincin (i) (ii) the increasing order of the property: indicated: acid. 4-Melhoxybenzoic acid (b) Benzoic acid. NaOH forms two compounds (8) and (C).Y and Z) (i) (i.

158 117 . 9.: 0. 3 Hrs Maximum Marks :70 1 Isopropyl Chloride < l-Chloropropane < l-Chlorobutans 3-Methyl but-2-en-1-oic acid 3 4.Sampl. [ 8hr - A 10 1 1 OR [A ]0 [A] ..-=0. 5. 8.231'h r -1.: 2. there is increase in degree of dissociation and consequently the number of ions in total volume of solution increases and hence molar conductivity increases sharply..ghter on heating...693 1112 0.231h( 3 hr O.e Question Paper-I MARKING SCHEME CHEMISTRY Time Allowed: 1 2.. (i) Because with dilution.3031 og [A . 7 1 K4 [Fe (CN)61 1 1 1 1 1 RNA XeF4 lis colour becomes li. 10 = 0. (ii) k 2PbS04(s)'" 2HP(t) ~ Pb(s) + Pb02(s) + 4H+(aq) + 280/ (aq) 1 1.693 l' k =-. 6..

02 = Ea ... (a) 03+21-+H~0 ~ 0~+12+20H- 1 sodium thiosulphale solution and amount of 03 can be 118 12 liberated is then tilratedagainst estimated. 13.0.07 Iog---0.303 x 8.ii) tYl rernai n same as it is independent of [RJo i (iv) i I"g~ [R.314 JK' rnol-' __00 7 [ 200 x 500 Ea = 18231 J mol·1 KJ mol' 1 = 18.231 11: (i) (ii) 1st order min:' (. .314 JK-l mOI. [700 ~ 500 2.-'_700x 500 K_l]_ 0.J Time ___ Yo x4=2 12 (i) Phosphinic acid (HFO) o [I P H/ \~o-t H 1 ~ 4Ag + 4HN03 + H3P04 1 (ii) H3PO~+ 4 AgN03 + 2Hp H3PO~reduces Ag+to A9 which shows its reducing nature. .303 x 8.5441 Ea = 2.

g Ge doped with As. Si doped with B. (a) Gatlerman ArNT. Y.02 . (a) Ti 3+ = T 1e 0 2g 9 Due (b) to. af unit cells 18 Semiconductor = 1.. complex iscoloured (Ill) chloride 1 1 Triamminetriaquachromium 15 Mechanism 1 IUPAC name N-Ethylelhanamide 16.. farming axygen and thus is slowly depleting the concentration af the ozone. Ar/R-NH2 + CHCI'3'" 3 KOH (ale) --4 1 Ar/R-NC + 3KCI + 3Hp Isacyanide (Foul Smelling) 17.type Semiconductor: They have excess of electrons e.1 'NO' combines rapidly with 03. They have electron vacancies 1 y.+ CuX ~ (b) Carbylamlne Reaction to. g. d-d transition..022 X 1023 atoms rnol' 1 No.. 19 (a) 2Hp --4 4H+ . test far presence ot primary arrunes.2044 X 1023 range farm 10. or holes e.. 1 r Reaction for introduction ArCI + N.( 1 of chlorine or bromine in the benzene ring.4088 x 1023atam s 2 atom s unit cell:' No..6 ta104 is a solid with conductivity in the intermediate Ohm1m1. (a) no.+ CUX ArBr + NI.2 9 of Na 929 = 23 gmar1 X 6." ofatams per unit cell forbcc(Z) =2 no..4e' Therefore Q = 4F 119 . 14.:. (i) (i i) n-type Semiconductar: p. ot Na atoms = 2.4088 X 1023 2. ot atoms in 9.

104V 1 . Oxidation of Au to Au+ 4Au(s) + 8CN·(aq) gold and easy assimilation with the blood 1x3 =3 (b) (c) 21 (a) + 2Hp + 02(g) -4 4[Au(CN). (a) Because with KCN.( ·0 .G' = -n F EOce11 X =·2 x 96500 C mol" x 1. 12. (a) (b) (c) SeCI4 + 38e -4 Au + 4H+ + NO)' + 4(13HgCI: +2PH3-4 AuCI4' + NO + 2Hp 1x3 = 3 Hg)P:z+6HCI 23. free form carbon and dust particles after passing through chimney Because of larger surface area of colloidal which is colloidal. Z. N act as a nucleophile due to covalent nature ofAg-C bond. 1 X 3=3 28e2CI2 -4 22.llected. 14 which is to heated strongly at 2075 K to get pure Z. It counters the force of gravity acting on colloidal part icles and hence hel ps in provi ding stab ility to colloidal solutions by not allowing them to settle down. 6) J V 7 = 1.= 4 x 96500 C mol" = 386000 C rnor" (b) Zn is oxidized and A920 is reduced to Ag EOcell= .0 .. Zircornium Van-Arkel Method . The precipitator contains plates having a charge opposite to that carried by smoke particles which lose their charge and get precipitated and smoke is thus. C act as a nucleophile due to ionic nature of K-G bond whereas with AgCN.)· + 40H- 1 1 Reduction of Au" toAu 2[Au(CN)2I· + Zn (b) -4 [Zn(CN)412' + 2Au Because sulph ide ores are preferentia lIy wetted by oi I and impurities by water.. (a) 105 J mol·1 1 Brownian movement is the random motion of the colloidal particles in a colloidal solution.104 V = -213 20. OR 1 (a) (b) (c) Nicke! : Mond's Process : Impure nickel on reaction with carbon monoxide forms tetracarbonyl nickel which decomposes to form pure nickel and carbon monoxide. Impure metal. Tin: Liquation: Impure metal is heated at the top of sloping furnace so thai tin melts but impurity does not.EoCathode -Eoanode= [0.1. Molten tin flows down and pure tin so formed is co.344 . is heated with 12 get Z.

. (or any other suitable test) Oii) Methyl ethanoate and ethyl ethanoate-Iodoform test .O..ive 2.(b) Chloroform is oxidized by air in the presence of light thereby producing an extremely poisonous gas i.On hydrolysis.f3 -Hydroxyvalerate and CH3-CH2-CH(OH)CH2COOH OH OH I . I.CH-CH CH CH ~CH2. Chloroxylenol and terpineol' 1x3=3 27 (a) (i) Isopropyl alcohol and n-propyl alcohol On adding NaOHfl2 or NaOI and heating. Phenol forms red-violet complex whereas alcohol does not. X4=2 H d. (a) (i) (i i) (b) Because most of the drugs act as poison in higher doses and may lead to death. (a) (il (ii) (iii) . 1x3=3 25.eOGH "'. [-O~CH-CH-C. elhylethanoate gives ethanol.control calorie intake and as a substitute of sugar far diabetics. lsopropyl alcohol farms yellow iodoform(CHI3) whereas n-propyl alcohol does not.) . O " CH.CHr CH .. (or any other suitable lest) ppt af (ii) Phenol and alcohol On adding neutral FeCI3 solution. 1 To. (c) 1x3=3 24 (a) (b) (cl Despite having the pre-sence of aldehyde group. carbonyl chloride.Hydroxybutyrate-co CH3.0 n -c.. Therefare it should be stared in dark coloured bolt I es which should be completely fi lied so that light cannot enter and air is also kept aut. glucose does not g. non-essential amino acid = glycine keratin is a fibrous protein whereas insulin is a qlobular protein.. which on heating with NaOI gives yellow ppt. PHBV Poly f3 .CH2COOH _.4 DNP tast/schiff's testf does nat farm the hydrogen sulphite additon product with NaHS03 Essential aminoacid-vahne. 1x3=3 28 (a) 61 =Km=-B I I W.CH(OH)CH2COOH . PHBV 0 CH.] n Y:. of CH 13 whereas Methyl Ethanoate on 'hydrolysis gives Methanol which does not form Iodoform with NaO I.·CH.e. ' T ' "n T ' 3 3-Hydroxybutanolc acid - " 3-Hydroxypenlanolc acid -" (b) (iii) Nylon-6:Caprdactam 26. 'Ms 1000g X-WA 121 . 1 Due to high stability of benzyl carbccation through Resonance. CH3 .

Because Cu+ in aqueous and Cu.e it boi Is at a temperature lower than expected from ideal behavior.2KkgMol _ .4 X 450 mm =180 mm Hg.3 = 420mm 600mm =07 Cr2+ is stronger reduci:ng agent than Fe2+ due to its change from d4 to stable d3 confi gurationin case of Cr2+ to Cr3+than d6 to dS change in Fe2+ to F e3+. (a) (i) (ii) (iii) = 0.4 Xs = 06 In vapour phase PA = 0.+ r .: 180mm Ps = 0.6 X 700 mm = 420 mm Hg YA= 600mm Y6 29. at high pressure.45K -20.. Applications: 2.1 The Solubility 1. 1+1 (b) p~ :::: 50 mmHg 4 p~ :::: 00 mm Hg 7 p= p: x + P~ xe A 600 = 450 (xA) + 700 (1. to more stable Cu2+ Ce is more stable in +3 oxidation 1x3=3 (b) 2Mn04. 6"2g 1000g/kg x -. Ms . Mixture of He and 02 are used by deep sea divers because He is less soluble than nitrogen (c) IS 0. p H --')2Mn02 + 10~+ 20W 122 .1 M NaCI.X 938 . Solubility of gas in a liquid is directly proportional of CO2 is increased. OR greater number of 1 (a) Azeotropes: is a liquid mixture which boils at constant temperature without undergoing change in composition...9 Me ::::158 9 (b) mol.xA) On solving xA= 0. . Ex-A mixture of 95% ethanol and 5% Hp by mass forms minimum boiling Azeotropes i. Because solution undergoes disproportionation state. as it shows positive deviation from ideal behaviour. -1 . to the pressure 1 Henry's Law: of the gas.. Because it dissociates in solution and furnishes particles per unit volume while glucose does not dissociate.8.

~.1 +1 OR (a) (i) (ii) This is due to the increasing reduced. D i·Tertbutyl ketone < Methy.CHCI2.Phenylpropanone CH3CH2CN PhMgBr PhC=(N MgBr)CH:CH3 H20> PhCOCH2CH31 +1 123 . _L-_H_I--.CHoNaOH. ~O 373K Ethylcyanide 10 1.COONa (Al (A) CsHsCHO (8) CsHsCHpH (C) CSH5COONa (0) (b) (8) 1 (C) NaOHfCaO CeHs (D) %x4=2 acid < Benzoic acid < 4-Nilrobenzoic acid < 3.CH.. Cuts) to Cu2+(aq) and this is not 1 (Iii) Due to high electronegativity (b) Lawrencium Electronic (lr) (Z=103) Cofiguration and multiple bond formation with metal by oxygen lx3=3 = [Rn]86 5r4 6d1 7sz 1 Possible oxidation state = +3 30 CsH. stability of the lower species to which they are Cu has high ionization enthalpy fortransfonning.(CH2)g CHO C (b) Toluene 10 Benzaldehyde C6H5-CH3 (i i) C~/hv .-O_~ H.. CsH. balanced by its hydration enthalpy.DH+CeH. CsH5.5.Melhoxybenzoic acid.1t-butylketone < Acetone < Acetaldehyde OR (a) (i) (ii) (iii) CsHsCHO + CH3CHFHO CH3CH2CH2CHPH NaOH C6HsCH(OH)CH(CH)CHO KMn04 CH3CH2CHlCOOH 1X3=3 CH3(CH:)9 COOC2H5 _D_I_BA_.Dinitrobenzoic 1+ 1 CsHs (i) (i i) 4.

ketones and Carboxyl.R.(1) - - 3(1) - 5(1) Elements 7 8 9 p. (5) Marks : 70 TOTAL 4(2) 5(2) 5(2) 5(1) 4(2) 1.24 Marks for each Question 5 3 2 1 No.IT VSA (1) SAl 4(2) 2(1) 2(1) 3(1) 3(1) (2) SAil Maximum (3) L.ic Acids Organic Compounds Containing Polymers Chemistry in everyday life Total Nitrogen 1.Sample Question Paper-ll CH'EMISTRY BLUE PRIN. 1. (1) 4(2) Biomolecules 20(10) 3(1) 3(1) 3(1) 27(9) 8 (8) 15(3) DESIGN S No.B lock Elements Coordination Haloalkanes Alcohols. 4.. 3 Hrs UN. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes Ex!ractionof of 1(1) 1(1) 2(1) 2(1) 2(1) _.A. Type of Question Long Answers (LA) Short Answers-II (SA II) Short. Compounds and Haloarenes 2 (2) 1(1) 1(1) 3(1) 3(1) 3(2) 8(3) 5(2) 3(1 ) 4(3) 4(2) 6(2) 4(2) 4(2) 3(1) 3{1 ) 70(30) 5(1) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2(1) Phenols & Ethers - 3(1) - 5(1) Aldehydes .and f. of Questions 3 9 10 08 Total Mark~ 15 27 20 08 30 70 .T CLASS .Answers-1 (SA-I) Very Short Answer (VSA) Total 1.Block Elements d. 2. 3.XII Time Allowed: S.

4.CH'. Give one reason to support this.1 All questions Maximum Marks: 70 are compulsory. 5 marks each Calculator is not Question No. allowed in exam hall. H2S04 0. 9 to 18 are short answer questions Question No. carrying 3 marks each.9 Write the names associated with the following reactions (a) (b) (c) (d) RCONH2 +Br2+4NaOH ArN."_ £ peroxide HBr ) X' Nal Acetone )y ~ 0 . Write the products obtained' when 'benzyl phenylether Gases with high critical temperature is heated with HI. 19 to 27 are also short answer questions Question No.3 Write the tUPAC name of tha compound CH2( C r: )COCH(CH3)CON 1-12 0. '= CH. carrying Log tables will be provided on demand. carrying one mark each carrying 2 marks each .H. 2 3.XCuCNIKCN --4 RNH2+Na2C03+2 NaBr + 2Hp ArCN +N2 R-NH2+CHCI3+3KOH ArN. 1 to 8 are very short questions Question No.XII Time Allowed: 3 Hrs General Instructions: 1.Sample Question Paper -II CH'EMISTRY CLASS . 3.XCu/HCI Heat R-NC +3KCI +3Hp ArCI + N2 +CuX 125 . 0. Iodoform has antiseptic properties. 0. 5 6.4 Which of the fal!owing compounds has a lane pair of electrons al the central atom? H2S208. 5 0.. 0. Why? 02 are readily adsorbed. 28 to 30 are long answer questions Use log table if necessary. H2SP7' H2S03.6 What type of linkage hold s together the monomers of DNA? Complete the following' reaction C.7 08 Write a non-exothermic reaclion taking place in the blast furnace during extraction of iron.

10. Explain with suitabl e example the concept of maximum boiling azeotropes.2-Bromooctane reacts with sodium hydroxide to form (+)-octane-2-ol. Descr. name the metal which can easily form c-ompounds in +4 oxidation stale and why? 18. 17. (a) (b) Which is the most common oxidation state for Ni and Pt? why? Out of the two. Give chemical reactions in support of the following. 12. observations. Sulphuric acid has low volatility Iodide ions can be oxidized by oxygen in acidic medium.es of nickel and platinum are: IE. KF has ccp structure.80 6. Give reason (a) (b) Why is Frenkel defect found inAgCI? What is the difference conductors? between Phosphorus doped and Gallium doped Silicon semi 11'. (a) (b) 15. N-Methyl propan-2-amine and N-Ethyl-N-methylethanamine. 16. State Raoult's law for a solution contai ning volati Ie liquids. 14. Describe a chemical test in each case to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds (a) (b) Aniline and N-ethylaniline. (Klmol') Ni PI 2. OR Define the terms given below: (a) Conductivity (b) Molar Conductivity What are their units? 13.) KOH to form alkenes.49 2. 126 . Calculate the ionic radius of Fion if the side of the cube or edge length is 400pm.66 IE~+ IE4 (Klrnol") 8. What is a flux? What is the role of flux in the metallurgy of Iron and Copper? The sum of first and second ion ization enthalpies and third and fourth ionization enthalpi.ibe the construction of a H2-02 fuel cell and the reactions taking place in it. 2-Bromo pentane is heated with (alc. How many F ions and octahedral voids are there in the unit cell. +IE.70 answer the following: Based on the above information. Propose mechan ism of the reaction taking place When (a) (b) H.

The relative ease of dehydration of alcohols is tertiary> secondary> primary.19. OR (c) Account for the following (a) (b) (c) 23. 24.86 K kg mot" (a) Name one substance which can act as both> (i) Analgesic and antipyretic. Transition metals have h'igh enthalpies of atomization. use of Nylon-6. ~:::: 1. Acidification of potassium Chromate sojution. 22. Why does a dry cell become dead after a long time even if it has not been.used? Conductivity decreases with decrease in concentration of electrolyte in a solution (c) 20.6 polyester. What is meant by inversion of sugar? Namethe Vitamin in each case whose deficiency causes (i) Night Blindness (c) (ii) Poor coagulation of blood. a dapreasion of 1°C in freezing point of water is observed. 127 . 25. (clOne 21 (a) (b) Write the Zwitter ion structure of glycine. On dissolving 195 g of CHfCOOH in 500 g of water. Calculate the Van't Hoff factor and dissociation constant of fluoro acetic acid. Given. Give reason (a) (b) Nature of electrodes can also affect the products of electrolysis. Write chemical equations for the fol'lowing reactions: (a) (b) Oxidation of nitrite ion by Mn04 in acidic medium. Write: (a) (b) Reaction involved in the preparation of a biodeqradable Monomer unit of synthetic rubber (neoprene). Give piausible explanation for each of the followi ng: (a) (b) (c) Ortho-nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho-methoxyphenoL Alcohols are easily protonated in comparison to phenols. Europium (II) is more stable than cerium(II). Disproportionation of Manganese(VI) in acidic solution. Actinoidss show irregularities in the electronic confiquration.

(b) order of electron gain enthalpy (a) Give Reasons: (il (i i) (iii) Solid PCls is an ionic compound.C on catalytic hydrogenation g. (a) (b) (c) Heat of adsorption Mention two common properties Differentiate of sol and emulsions. Rn. Propane nitrile to 1-phenylpropanone OR (a) An organic compound X undergoes acid hydrolysis to form two compounds Y and Z.He. Arrange the following (i) (ii) HCI. Why? 26. (a) (b) (c) State the hybrrdization & magnetic behaviour of [C.HF Xe. on further oxidation which on di ssolvi ng in water forms HN 03 . NaOH and on subsquenl heating forms C. C. is greater for chemisorption than for physisorption..(ii) (b) Antiseptic and disinfectant.(CO}6J. D and give the sequence of reactions involved.ing terms with suitable example of each: (i) (ii) Broad spectrum antibiotics. HI. and electro-osmosis. Kr. Y reacts with Sodium carbonate to form A. Explain the follow. (a) A compoundAon oxidation gives B(C2H402). Write chemical (i) {iil equations to carry out the following conversions :- (b) Benzene to Benzylalcohol. A white solid A on treating with caustic soda gives a pungEnt smelling gas B B on catalytic oxidation forms gas C.B.C. B. Ozone is thermodynamically unstable. why? K4[Fe(CN)J 28 (a) OR K. What are the various factors affecting crystal field splitting energy? Which of the two is more stable and. between electrophoresis 27.Ais heated with Soda lime to form B 128 . Most of the reactions of fluori ne are exothermic.D and write down the reactions involved. HBr. Identify A. (b) Draw the structures of the following (i) XeOF 4 (ii) H4P P7 29. Anionic detergents. Ne in order of property indicated for each set: Decreasingthermai Decreasing OR. Identify A. slab illy.ives D.[Fe(CN\J.A reacts with dil. C gives brown fumes of gas 0.

molecularily.Y.ldentify X. Why? The decompositi on ofA into product has va lue of k as 4. (i) (ii) 3~. Time/s 0 100 Total pressure/atm 0.5 0. order of reaction The following data were obtained during the first order thermal decomposition of S02CI2at oonstant volume.65 atm. rate law equation.(CH4) . Catalysts have no effect on the equilibrium constant.B and write the reactions involved. OR (a) (b) (c) Illustrate graphically the effect of catalyst on activation energy.5 x104 S·l 129 .5 x 103 S·l at 10°C and activation energy is 60 kJ mol". Experiment 1 2. (b) Account for the following:. Calcu late the temperature al which the value of k will be 1. (a) Benzoic acid does no! undergo Friedel-Craft reaction.6 Calculate the rate of reaction when total pressure is 0.Z. Forthe reaction C1ZHZZOll + H20 write: H+ CeH1206 + (i) (ii) (ii) (iii) (b) Rate of reaction expression. Yon reduction with liAeH~ forms Z. pKa value of chloro acetic acid is lower than pKa value of acetic acid.A.

_ 4 r = 141.8 A.:.de.2 A.11 (a) Due to smaller size of Ag+ cation.414x400pm = ---___.S A. Gases with high critical temperature 4-Chloro-2-methyl.3 A.12 Fuel cell consists of porol.amine reaction Gatiermann Reaction (%x4=2) A. 1+1 voids in one unit cell. H2 and oxygen are bubbled through porous electrodes into the electrolyti.7 A.ls carbon electrodes containing catalysts (finely divided platinum or palladium metal) incorporated in them... A.6 Phenol and benzyl iodide.. have strong van der Waals forces.1.c solution.4 pm There are four F. (o) A.4 A.0 For ccp latti ce r= . 1 H2S03 Phosphodiester linkage X = CH3-CH2-CH2-Br Y=CH 322 -} -CH -CH-I CaO + CO2 due to free liberated iodine.ions and four octahedral A.fia 4 r 1.MARKING SCHEME OF CHEMISTRY SAMPLE PAPER~II A.1 A. Silicon doped with Phosphorus gives n-type whereas Silicon doped with Gall ium are ptype semi conductors.3-oxo butanami.. . Cone. Aqueous KOHl NaOH solution is placed between the electrodes act as electrolyte.9 CaC03 Iodoform has antiseptic properties (a) (b) (c) (d) Hoffmann Bromamide Sandmeyer's reaction 1 Degradation Carbyl. (1) AtAnode At Cathode 2H2(g) +40H-(aq) 02(9) + 2HP(I) + 48130 -} 4HP(I) 40H-(aq) +48- ('h) ('h) -} .

-CH~H.C-CH.. +8r- nG.CH. HgC..-CH=CH...e. L <.. P which leads to high S.. (major) (1) Flux is a substance that combines with gangue (which may still be present in roasted or the calcined ore) to form slag.15 (a) HoH HiC.H...13 Routt's Law: For a solution of volati leliquids..g. OH CH... H Bondinl'i H -C -C I " /CI Ch) Hydrogen bonding formation decreases escaping tendency of a molecule i.. the partia I.. (minor) CH.• H "-. Unit is Srrr" (1) Molar conductivity: The conductance of the solution of an electrolyte containing one mole of electrolyte kept between two electrodes of a conductivity cell at unit distance.. ~~OH- H.14 (a) 2MX + H2S04 -+ 2HX + i:Vl2S04 (X ::::F..HlO I Br ~ 1 / 1-£1. ~ ~~r A16.P (1) A. CH.-CH.. mixture of chloroform and acetone.C-CH. /1n-C6H" CH.-CH-CH-CH. CI. S I.-CH..-CH.. e.• N03) (b) 4r (1) + 4W + 02 -+ 212+2HP (1) A..1 •.-Of-CH.(a) Inverse of resistivity is called conductivity/conductance of one centimeter cube of the solution of the electrolyte. Br~ [' H~-. ("'h) The solution showing large negative deviation from Raoult's law form maximum boiling azeotrops.C _ . ~ -' H.CI . -CH.pressure of each component in a solution is directly proportional to its mole fraction. H3C/ c =0 -------. (1) (b) Bft'HkJ_ I J(I . exerts low V... 131 (1) . (1) S I Unit Sm2mol·1 (b) A.n-C.

Hydroxypentanoic acid I -f0-CH-CHz-C-O-CH-CHz-C CH: 0 CH . II I PHVB 2 0 .17 (a) (b) A. On adding Hinsberq's reagent compound formed is soluble in aqueous NaOH. 2-chloro-1. If it participates in the elec- A. 3. anil.. (or any other suitable test) (1 ) If the electrode is inert. when heated with an alcoholic solution of KOH and CHCI3.Metallurgy of Cu.CH=CH2. ia. FeO "'" 8i02 --- FeSi03 (slag) (Yz) (Yz) (fiLIX) CaO + S!i02 + CaSi03 In the blast furnace CaO{flux) removes sil ica present in the Ore. A. II (Zwitter Ion) (b) The change of specific rotation of sugar from dextrorotation 132 to laevorotation (1. ) is ca lled .Hydroxybutanoic OH + acid CH3-CH-CH:rCHz-COOH 3. (1') (1 ) Pt. it affects the products of electrolysis. For making sheets! bristles for brushes/in (a) o H-CH-C-O-H I :NH.. ' 3 l CI (b) (e) A.21 CHz:= C.!I~ 1.18 (a) Ni = + 2 (slag) PI = + 4 because these have lower ionization enthalpy. of phenyl isocyanide. The sum of first four Ionization enlhalpies Aniline is a primary amine. (1X3=3) 0 H-CH-C-O: I NH. it gi:ves offensive smell. (fiLIX) A.ine is a secondary amine and hence does nol give carbylamine (1) (b) N-methylpropan-2 amine is a secondary amine.20 (a) OH I CH3-CH-CH2-COOH 3.butadiene Textile industry.19 (a) (1) (1) and hence the (1) (b) (c) This is because the acidic NH4Ce corrodes the Zinc container On dilution number of ions per unit volume of the solution decreases conductivity decreases. for Pt is lower than that of Ni. Therefore it gives carbyamine test. But N-ethyl test. it only acts as a sink for electrons trode reactions.But N-ethyl-N-methylethamine does not react with Hinsberg's reagent.CH I !I I".

3°>2°>1 OR Tertiary alcohols form more substituted alkenes. e- ruB x 1000 I"ITf x MA x x 19.22 (a) (i) Vitamin A 5N022K2Cr04 3MnO/+ 2Mn04- + 6H+---+ ~Crp7 2Mn04+ (b) + 2W ---+ + 4W ---+ (c) (a) E uropi um( II) has stable electronic conti guration i.&. electron density in the OH bond deoreases (b) In alcohols lone pair of electrons resonance. stronger interatomic interaction & hence stronger bonding between the ir atoms is found.1. ) (b) (c) A. (1.5g .86 K kg mol-' 10 K Molecular x 1000 g = 72. (1 ) This irregularity is due to the extra -stability of f1 and f14 configurations of 5f orbitals.S4 ('h) i = normal molecular = 1. (c) al oxygen are no! available for donation due to resonance in Due to order of stability of carbocations. ° A24 Given WA = 19.KI = 1 86KKg rnol" . (1 ) Due to strong -R and -I effect of -N02 group. e [Xe ]4f75do6so .We= SOOg. K 2Mn2+ + 3Hp + 2K+ + H20 Mn02 + 2Hp OR (1X3=3) + 5N03('h + 'h) {c} A.inversion of sugar.0753 CH2FCOOH mass/observed CH2FCOO . on oxygen is available for proton due to absence of OR Lone pair of electrons phenols.S4 gmol- ' ('h) mass of CHlCOOH= 12+2+19+32+1 molecular = 78 g mol" mass = 78/72. (1 ) {ii} Vitamin.23 (a) Due to large number of unpaired electrons in their atoms.5 g 500 kg = 1.+H+ C molL:' a 0 133 .T ='KIXQ).Tf{obs) = 1°C ('h) .BXWOO f Me X MA 'M = Kf.

g (1) Due to the formation of chemisorption.0753)2 0 K a :::. (c) K4[Fe(CN)J (NH4)2S0 4 is more stable due to higher charge and smaller size of metal ion. diamagnetic Factors : (i) Fi. :::. 9bar 2N02(g) ----------t 4NO+ 6HP(g) C (1) D 134 .. of chemical bonds between adsorbate and adsorbent in case (1) ('h+ 'h) Brownian movement and Tyndall effect (c) The movement of colloidal particles under an appliedelectrical potential is electrophoresis.26 (a) (b) (1) ('h) ('h) Antibiotics which kill or inhibit the growth of wide range of gram positive and gram naqative bacteria. e . 19.C (1 -0:) 0: :::.O. a [CH2FCOO-nW] [CH2FCOOH] C:::. Th is phenomenon is known as electro osmosis.0753 ~:::.28 (a) + 2NaOH ---t 2NH3 + 2Hp + Na2SO 4 (1) A Catalyst 4NH3(g) + 502(g) 2NO + 02(g)- B _ SOOK. e.10753-1 K:::. itis observed that dispersion medium itself begins to move in an electric field..g. i Co: ::::0. A. When electrophoresis of dispersed particle in a colloidal system is prevented by some suitable means.eld produced by the ligand. C(1-a) Co: ('h) Co: 1-0: 2 -1 :::. Sodium lawyl sulphate. (1) Sodium salts of sulphonated long chain alc-ohols or hydrocarbons are anionic detergents. Chloramphenicol.5M 500 K. (1) A.25 (a) (il Aspirin (ii) Phenol (b) (c) A.27 (a) (b) ( 'h) ('h) (1) (ii) Charge on Ihe metal ions. (1 ) d'spa.307 X 10-3 A. _5X(O. ..5 x1000 78 X :::..

N.-GHl-GHO (C) (0) 135 (1) . /F (1 ) o II H o /.H .:C~CHO _"CHlCH.T t.G:::: t.H=negative t. reactions with negative t.Xe ______ II ..CHO OH (C) H. -OH (1) (1) CHlOHO+CH1CHO NaOH(aq) .4N02(g) + 2Hp + 02(g) (b) (i) HF> HCI > HBr > HI -4 4HN03(aq) (1 ) (1' ) (1.0 H p II /p~ ---0 "0 H 0 H (1 ) 0 o A.. CH3-yH-CH1-CHO (Al OH CH:iTH-C~CHO Heat CH3CH=CH. (1 ) (iii) Decomposition of Ozone[20 3 II 3°21 results in t. ) OR (1) (ii) Ne > Kr > Xe > Rn > He (a) (i) It exists as[PCI41'" [PCls]- (ii) Due to low bond dissociation enthalpy of f1 uorine and strong bond formation with other elements. CHl-CH./ o .s =positive According to Gibb's equation spontaneous (b) 6.) (il F F/~F (ii) ------.S . G value are (1.29 (a) CH3 ~ {i) -H II o ox:iejatian CH 2 II (ti) C.

(b) (i) Benzene (ii) CH.HiM Sf ~CHPH... AclhY.COOH group is deactivating and combines with Aluminium chloride(catalyst) during the reaction.30 (a) (i). elther:/ o coun .CHpH(1] .H.3/("lIlJ'> (1 ) Benzylal.O+ C:HP F <.-C .'lNMgBr .1 = d[C6H.0111 = _ d[H201 = d[C.061 ~ ~ ~ ~ (ii) Rate law equation: Rate=K [C"H".'l0 (1 ) ~ C. C.. (1) Rate equation Rate= ·d[C"H. Propane nitrile OR 1-Phenylpropanone (1) a) (X) (Y) (Z) CH~COOH + Nap0!J -----7 Heai~~~ CHPOON.303. (8) liA/H.H120.cohol .H.1 ('h) A. (1) (ii) Due to -I effect of chlorine alom in chloroacelic acid larger number of H'Ions are released in its aqueous solution Therefore It has l'owerpKa value.CH.C=N "" C. (A) CH. ('/z) (iii) (b) Molecularity 2 first order (iv) Order ('h) ('h) As the reaction is of first order therefore k = 2. CHi)COOH ~ (b) (il (1. ) CH..H. log t P. 2Po - PI ('h) When!= 100s 136 ..AlCI..O..

35 = 7.k = (2.ePo+P=. = 283 K T2=7.5 x 103 s-1 .2316 x When Po= 0.5x104s-1.P = 0.9528 =297K =(297 -273)OC = 24°C (%) (1 ) 137 .303R T1·T2 T2 .50 .303)/100 = 2. K2 Iog-.T1] 8.5-0.8 x 10. Given Kl = 4.65 atm log log1.65 .35 atm Rate at that time = K x (P so.303x Log 3.3 (%) i.e") = 2.P = (0 .5x 104) (4.333 = 3133.T2 (%) Log (1.6 10.63 [(T2-283)/(283T2)] T2 = 283/0. Ea=60KJmol-1 Ea [T2-T1] -2.5) 2xO._ K1 (2) (1) T.314) [ T.2316 10-3x 0.15 atm ° Therefore the pressure of S02CI2 at time t (PSOt'(2) (%) X = Po .15) atm = 0.50 = .25 (.303) 100 k = (2.0.303)/100 = (2.65 .0969) sec" (0.65atm (%) P = 0. K2=1.5x 103)= 60000/(2..4 atm sec-1 (1 ) OR (a) Effect of catalyst on activation energy (b) (c) Because catalyst catalyses the forward as well as backward reaction to the same extent.

5 3 2 1 3 9 3.oalkanes and Haloarenes Alcohols.Sample Question Paper-III CH'EMISTRY BLUE PRIN.R.T CLASS .Block Elements 8 9 d.Phenols Ca rboxylic Acids Organic Compounds Nitrogen Biomolecules Polymers Chemistry in Everyday Life Total 8(8)) Containing Aldehydes .Block 6(2) 5(1) Coordination Compounds & Ethers 1(1) 1(1) 1(1) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Hal. of Questions Total Marks 2. 1 Type of Question Long Answers (LA) ShoriAnswers-1i ShortAnswess-l (SA II) (SA-I) Marks for each Question No.ketones and 2(1) 4(2) 3(1) 5(1) 3(1) 3(1) 3(1) 3(1) 20(10) 27(9) 15(3) 1(1) 1(1) 70(30) DESIGN S No.and t. UNIT Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles Processes Elements and of of Extraction VSA(1) SA1(2) SA 11(3) lA(5) TOTAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 4(2) 1(1) 1(1) 1(1) Elements 4(2) 5(1) 2(1) 3(1) 3(1) 4(2) 5(3) 5(1) 5(2) 4(2) 3(2) 8(3) 5(1) 3(2) 4(2) 4(2) 6(2) 4(2) 4(2) 3(1) 3(1) 2(1) 2(1) 7 p. Very Short Answer (VSA) Total 10 08 30 15 27 20 08 70 138 . 4.XII Time Allowed: 3 Hrs Maximum Marks : 70 S.

Question No.9 t018 are short answer questions carryi ng 2 marks each. 0. Use the log tables wherever necessary. AJ questions are compuIsory.4 05 0 .12 Determine the molarity of an antifreeze solution containing 250g water mixed with 2229 ethylene glycol (C2Hp). Queslion No.10 A and Bliquids on mixing produce a warm solution. in which case the magnitude of crystal field splitting is larger? Why is ortho-nitrophenol more acidic than ortho-methoxyphenol? Write two important uses of Formalin. {NA 6.07g/ml.The density of this solution is 1. (a) (b) Si doped within Si doped with P.3 Q. Determine the density of gold.. 6. 2. Why do amines act as nucleophiles? Why can't aluminium be reduced by carbon? What are the ultimate products of digesion of proteins? Gold (atom ic mass = 197u. Use of calculators is not allowed.022 x 1023 mol"] = Classify each of the following as being either a p-type or an n-typs semi-conductor Give reason.9 0. o1 02 0. 19 1027 are also short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. 4.ic Chloride preferred over Potassium Chloride in case of a cut leading to bleeding? Among octahedral and tetrahedral crystal fields. atomic radius» 0..144nm) crysta IIizes in a face centered unit cell.11 0. I Maximum Marks: 70 Question No. 6 Q.. 28 to 30 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each.XII Time Allowed: 3 Hrs General Instructions: 1. Which type of deviation from Raoult's law is there? Why is Ferr..Sample Question Paper-III CH'EMISTRY CLASS .7 08 Q.1 to 8 are very short questions carrying one mark each. 5. Question NO. 3. An aqueous solution containing urea was found to have boiling point more than the normal 139 .

2-·methylbenzene Howwill you bring about the conversion: Methyl bromide to methyl iodide Explain(a) (b) Grignard reagents should be prepared under anhydrous conditions.When the same solution was cooled it was found that its freezing point is 'less than the normal freezing point of water (273. What is the molecularity of each individual step? What.13 K).~ (a) (b) Q.C2HsCI 140 .I HP2 + 1-'I H2Q + 10. + 10. predict the geometry and magnetic character of [NiCI4F'. C2Hsl._ 2H 0+0 ~ 2 < This reaction takes p I ace in two steps as given below Step .r.(slow) Hp + 1. (Atomic number of Ni is 28).t. OHIl________.18 Write the structure offollowing compound 1-Bromo-4 -sec-butyl.boi Iing point of water (373. 0. CsHsCHCICH3 is hydrolysed more easily with KOH than CsHsCHFI OR Arrange the following compounds in the decreasing order of reactivity towards SN2 displaoement reaction and give reasons in support of your answer.16 0.14 (a) (b) Write the rate law expression and determine the order of reaction w.is the role of depressant in froth floatation prooess? Out of C and CO which is a better reducing agent for FeO (i) In the lower part of blast furnace (Higher temperature) (i i) In the upper part of blast furnace (Lower temperature) 0.15 Complete the following reactions:a) P4 + 8 SOCI2 (b) 1-+03+ Hp 0.13K).. HP2. (a) (b) 0.17 Using valence bond theory.13 Consider the decompositi on of hydrogen peroxide in alkaline medium which is catalysed by iodide ions. a) C2Hs8r.+ 02 (fast) Step -It H20. Explain these observations.

.Anaromatic compound (A) on treatment with ammonia followed by heating forms compound (B). calculate the rate constant of the reaction .4.DNP test and Schiff's lest. Give reasons for the following: (i) Glucose does not give 2. CH3CH2CHBrCH3.25 (a) Give the mechanism of the following reaction: 2CH3CH20H 413K 141 . CH3CH2CH2CH2Br H2S20s Xe03 HOCI02 0_19 Draw the structures of the foHowing: (a) (b) (c) 0. Polythene Q.b) (CH3)3CBr.23 Give one example for each of the followi ng: (a) (b) (c) 0. Q. Give the structures of A. Band C and write the reactions involved.20 In a hydrolysis reaction. 0. (c) 0.22 (a) (b) (c) What is meant by the secondary structure of proteins? Give an example of a synthetic rubber and mention its main advantage. Buna-S. which on heating with Br2and KOH forms a compound (C) having molecular formula CSH1N. concentration of ethyl acetate is 22g/L. A pain reliever used for relief from severe pains like post-operative pain or pain due to terminal cancer. Arrangelhe following polymers in the increasing order of tensile strength.24 (a) An artificial sweetner whose useis limited to cold drinks. A non ionic detergent. Write the structures of the monomers of Dacron. (i) Aniline and ethylamine (ii) Methylamine and dimethylamine (b) How will you convert aniline to sulphan ilic acid? OR . Give chemical tests to diistinguish between the foHowing compounds (One test in each case). Nylon-6.21 (a) (ii) Amino acids have high melling points and are soluble in water.. 5g ethyl acetaleis hydrolyzed in presence of dilute HCI in 300 minutes If the reaction is of first order and the initial.

What is observed whan(i) A beam of .76V) 0.__ and other devices. (i i) Electric current is passed through a collo idal solution. -O.::.29 Exp lain the followi ng: (a) (b) Actinoids show large number of oxidation states.. all noble gases only xenon is known to form compounds with oxygen and 0.::.Ag{s) + 2 OH·(aq) (Eo.28 (a) Two electrolytic cells containing silver nitrate solution and dilute sulphuric acid solution were connected in series. the following reaction lakes ZnZ+(aq)+ 2Ag( s) + 20H-( aq) and determine the va lue of K¢for tile above reaction using __. (Ag.27 (a) Give one main difference between Iyophi IIic and lyophobic colloids..078g of silver was deposited. A. OR (a) (b) (c) Whati's a fuel cell? What is its main advantage? What are fhe reactions occurring at the cathod'e and anode of a Leclanche cell? In the button cell widely used forwaiches place: Zn( s)+ Agz O(s )+ H20 (I) Give the cell representation Ihefollowing data: AgP(s) + H20(I) + 2e. 107.i)The equi librium constant K is related to EO and not EOel'• cell (i i) Conductivity of an electrolytic solution decreases with the decrease in concentration. steady current of 2. The transition metals form a large number of complex compounds. PCls is known but NCI5 is not known. Amongst fluorine. (b) 0.500 C I (i) How much electricity was consumed? (ii) What was the weight of oxygen gas liberated? (b) Give reason:(.8g rnol'. 142 . IF = 96.344V) Zn2+ (aq) + 2e.2.::.Does this reaction follow SN1 or SN2 pathway? (b) 0.5 amp was passed through them till 1.Iight is passed through a colloidal solution.26 Describe hydroboration oxidation reaction with the help of an example. 0.---IO>Zn(s) (Eo. Give reasons:(a) (b) (c) lnterhalooen com pounds are more reactive than halogens.

. (u) Acetone is highly soluble in water but benzophenone is not.va'ue than benzo ic acid. Mn2+ and Cr~+ the increasing order of stability of in +2 oxidation state 0.b) Give reasons: (i) p~Nitro benzoic acid has higher K. arrange Fez' .DNP reagent.i. F e~+.4 .thmolecularformula (C3HP2) when treated with alkaline KMn04• and ayellow precipate on treatment with NaOH and fz. OR (a) An organic compound( A) has molecular formula (CSHlOO) It does not reduce Tol'len's reagent but forms an orange precipitate with 2. Predict the products formed in the fol'lowing cases: (i) (A) reacts with PhMg8r and is then hydrolysed. 8 and C in the following reaction dil.Mg" Based on the data. It forms a carboxylic acid(8)w. (8) and (C) and write the reactions involved. OR (a) (b) Give two consequences of lanthanoid contraction.. H2S04) HgS04 A dil. Sodium salt of (8) gave a hydrocarbon (C) in Kolbe.OHand ethylene glycol. Silver is a transition metal but zinc is not.NaOH B heat C (.(c) (d) (e) Chromium is a typical hard metal while mercury is a liquid. (ii) (A) reacts with hydrazine and is then heated with K. Identify (A) . On oxidation under vigorous conditions gives ethanoic acid and propanoic acid.s Electrolytic Reduction. Complete the following reactions: (i) Mn04 ~+ SP3Z~+ Hp (ii) (c) (d) Crp7" + Sn'+ + H' ----+ Which of the following has maximum number of unpaired electrons? Ti3+.30 (a) Identify A. VJ. (b) 143 . MnO is basicwhile Mnp7 is acidic in nature.

407nm = OA07 d= 19. x a3 a= 2. is a stronger reducing agent than carbon.3 A.1 A. electrons.6g l ern' A. of moles of ethylene glycol =n B Molar mass of C2 He 02 = {24+6+32)g N s rnol' = . 3.g: b.2 A. The fifth electron becomes delocalised and is free to contribute to electrical conduction.N.J2..11 No.9 d. 144 . Holes are produced which can movelhrough 1 n-type.5 A. 4 A. because In has 3vaience the crystal like positive charge.144 x 1. Fe3+is a better coagulating Octahedral crystal field. Because aluminium Amino acids. 7 A.r a = 2xO.ING SCHEME OF CHEMISTRY SAMPLE PAPER-III A.10 (a) (b) p-Iype. ZxM A. because P has 5 valence electrons.58 mol 62 mar' mass of solution = (250 + 222)g = 4 72g. 0 ue to electron withdrawing effect of nitro group. 14nm 4 x 10·'cm = .222g .MARK. ion due to greater positive charge on it In preserv.iological specimens 0 ue to the presence of lone pair of electrons on nitrogen of am ines. and in making polymer like bakelite. 1+1 A.in. 6 A.8 Negative deviation.

1S (a) (b) P 4 + 8 SOCI2 21.(aq) + 03(g) + H20(I) + 2 82CI2 1+1 ----7 20W (aq) + 12(s) + O. A. the specific sulphide 1 % % C is better reducing ag. orbitals... HP2= 1 -step I = 2 step 1I = 2 (b) A.07g/ml M=:. 4PCI3 + 4 802 A. 1 To freeze the solution the temperature is lowered.12 3. To boillhis solution we have to heat il to the temperature higher than the normal boiling point of water.13 (a) Rate = k[HPY [I _ l' orderw. I x1000=8.14 Molecularity (a) (b) Depressant is used in the froth floatation process for preventing ore from forming froth in a mixture of sulphides.:~ t.(g) A.12moLL- 1 The vapour pressure of the aqueous solution containing urea is less than the vapour pressure of pure water because urea is a nonvolatile solute.Tetrahedral 4cr ions 1 1 Magnetic character-Paramagnetic.12L A. fl" 'ansity 0 so ution 'V __ 472g -___.mass of solution Volume of Solution= d .12ml n V = 441. 1 A. the vapour pressure of solution also lowers..S8mol. The vapour pressure of solutionequalizes the vapour pressure of solid solvent at temperature lower tha n the normal freezing point of water.r.ent at higher temperature CO is better reducing agent at lower temperature.17 (a) due to the presence of 2 unpaired electrons in 3d 3 145 .!.x10ao 441.16 [NiCI4]2-= Ii! Ii! Ii! Ii I t II ~ Ifllt!Ii!II Four pairs of electrons due to Sp3 hybrdisation from 3d _4s _4p_ Sp3 hybridisalion Geometry .t.

therefore they are ---7 R-H + Mg(OH)X 0 1 more eas. o Q 0 o I O""CI II I H o 1x3=3 A. the rate of 1 A.ily lin SN 1 halide.19 (i) (ii) O.. RMgX + Hp alkanes.(b) CH3Br + NaJ Methylbromide dry acetone CH31 + NaBr Methyl Iodide 1+1 A.yll~. Therefore (b) CsHsCHCICH3 is a 2 benzylic halide which can form a carbocation displacement reaction than CsHsCHzCI which is a 1~benzylic CsHsCHCICH3 is more easily hydrolysed with KOH OR 1 (a) C2Hei > C2HSBr > C2H5CI C -I bond is weaker than the C -Br bond which in turn is weaker tha n C-C 1bond. increases. the SN2 displacement reaction becomes slower as the bond strength increases.303 K=-' -Iog- a-x 146 1 .20 a = 22gft a-x = (22-5) t = 17gfL = 300 min a t 2.1S (a) Grignard reagents react with water to give corresponding prepared under anhydrous conditions. 1 b) CH3CH2CH2CH2Br> CHsCH2CHBrCH2 > (CHs)sCBr As the steric hinderance on C which is attacked by nucleophile SN2 displacement reaction decreases.

11 :::8.6 x 10-3 x 0.H Aniliniurn hydrogensulphate Sulphanilic acid 1 147 ._ 2.24 (a) Morphine (i) Aniline and Ethylamine:Add benzenediazonium low temperature.SO.36 A.eNO group is not free as it forms a hemiacetal linkage with -OH group at C-5.23 (a) (b) ---Q-COOH of Dacron are 16 C OO(CH2CH2 HOCH2CH20H and Buna-S < Potythene < Nylon Aspartame Ester of stearic acid and polyethylene CH3(CH) O)nCH2 CH2 OH 1 1 (c) A.Aniline (ii) Methylamine chloride 10 both the compounds forms an orange dye.22 (a) Secondary can exist. (b) Monomers uooc (c) A. Buna-N R -t0(-) HJN -CH.29 mirr ' 7 .::: 6 xi 0.1 It is res istant to the action of petrol.COOrefers to the shape in which a long polypeptide cha in I structure of proteins 1 1 1 1 1 glyeo.CH -COOH (b) A. 1 (ii) The amino adds have high melting points and solubility in water due to zwittsr ion (polan) structure andi strong intermolecular forces between them.303 log 22gL-' 300 min 17gL-' . (b) H. lubricating oil and organic solvents. in separate test tubes at 1 in and Dimethylamine Add chloroform and aqueous sodium hydroxide solution to both the compounds separate test tubes.3 Jog 1. 6 + NH.21 (a) (il rnin' 1 x 10- 4 rnirr" In the cyclic structure of glucose .:::7.Methylamine gives foul smeti of isocyanide. R I H1N .HS04 453473 K - 1 So.

1 (ii) The colloidal particl es get precipitated at one of the electrodes.(il They have strong forces of attraction between the dispersed phase and dispersion medium.3HP:!OH)3R_GH2CH2_OH+B(OH)J Dialkyi bonu1e Trialkyl borane A.. having charge opposite to the charge they have.---+CH. 1 PCI. Lyobhobic colloids. 2 I '.CH.OR NH. .CH.(i) They have weak forces of attraction between the dispersed phase and dispersion medium.BH. (ii) They are reversible in nature. (Anyone difference) (b) (c) A. I) Aniline (A) A. ~ '-/R (ll) CH. 148 1 .25 (a) (B) (e) The formation of ether is a nucleophilic bimolecular reaction (SN2)involving the attack of alcohol molecule on a protonated alcohol.).Iightbecomes visible.CH._ .-Q-H + H·---+ CH. (RCH2CH2h B Hp.ightby colloidal particles.CH" + H' 2 1 (b) Hydroboration oxidation reaction: R -CH = CH~ + H .t7 + H .CH.' -:11 ' 'H a t. ---7 R . it can not form NOs 1 Xenon has bigger size and lower ionization enthal py than the other nob I e gases As a result it is the only noble gas which is able to form compounds with oxygen and fluorine.. The effect is called Tyndall effect.. . 1 Lyophillic colloids .-cH. __ (R CH~ CH. R-CH~. the path of .CH.0 . The illuminated path of the beam of light is called Tyndall cone."O+CH . Heat (I. (ii) They are irreversible in nature. I.CH.BH.27 (a) (b) (i) Due 10the scatteri ng of l.CH. . . 26 (a) Interhalogen compounds are more reactive than halogens because the X-X' bond present in interhaloqens is weaker than the X-X bond present in halogens as the overlapping between orbitals of dissimilar atoms is less effective.CH C+O. exists because phosphorus can extend its covalency to five using empty 3d orbitals.CH1'tQ-H (ii) CH CH . . . 2 a . BH RC'H. Since d orbitals are not present in the valency shell of N.CH.H~CH CH -O-CH CH + H 0 . Alkyl borane . as indicated below: H (i) CH.

078gAg:::: O.01 F::: x 001g :::008 g 02in each cell Total wt of 02 liberated :::2 x 0.1.O.OIF ::::965C electricity 1 (ii) The oxygen gas is liberated at anode of first cell as well as second cell according 10 equation 2HP(l).A.76V) ::: 1. 344v . CHpH etc directly into electrical energy are called fuel cells. as a result electrical conductivity decreases. 28 (a) In the first cell silver is deposited (i) Ag+(<>q) + e.04 V 149 .16g (in both cells) 2 (b) (i) The equi librium constant K and EDce11 related by the relation are EOce11 :::(RT / nF)ln K (ii) Whenlhe concentration decreases the number of ions present in unit volume of solution decreases. 1 OR (a) Galvanic cells. that are designed to convert the energy of combustion of fuels like Hz.(aq) EOZn2+ ! Zn +2 NH3 (b) 2 Mnoz(s) +2NH/ Zn(s)/ Znz+(aq)l/ Agp(s)IAg(s)! Peel! EO(Agz O/Ag) = EO(Agz 01 Ag)- ::: O. CH4. They produoe electricity with an efficiency of about 70% and are pollution free.08g :::0. 1 Reactions taking place in t.-Jo 4W(Oq) + 4e' 4F electricity» + 02 (g) I mol 02 in each cell 4F::: 32 g 02 in each cell 32g 4g 0. 8gAg ::::F electricity I 1.( .-Jo at cathode according to the equation:- Ag(s) 107.eclanche cell Anode: Cathode: (c) Zn(s)Zn2+(aq)+2e(aq) +2e--2Mno(OH) OH.

059 1 2xll04 0. 1 Transition metals form a large number of complexes because of small size and high charge of ions.29 (a) Due to comparable energies of Sf.42) = 2. 5d and 7s subshells. 59 0 =3742 Ko =: anti log (37. 1 There are unpairedelectrons in the ions formed by silver as silver can exhibit +2 oxidati. resulting in large number of oxidation states for actinoids.1 M-M interactions are strong in chromium due to the presence of six unpaired electrons in the 3d and 4s subshell . 20H- (li) Ilis difficult to separate lanthanoids (b) (i) SMn04-.34 x1 037 1 A . all the electrons present in these subshells may pariicipatein bonding. 3SP. (b) (e) (d) (e) 4~g 3~n = [Kr]4d1O 5s' 1 = [Ar]. from their mixture + 6S0/-.3d 10 4s2 OR (a) (il 4d and 5d transition series have almost same atomic radii.+ Hp BMn02 1 1 150 . °/2 303RT= Zn2+{aq) + 2Ag(s).. They also have empty d orbitals to accept electron pairs fromligands.20(I}® H n=2 _ . while in mercury all the electrons in the 5d and 5s subshell are paired and M-M interactions are weak.. 20H-{aq) nE°cell 0. 1 As the oxidation slate of Mn in MnO is +2 while in Mnp? it is +7. its acidic character increases due to decrease in size of the metal ion and increase in charge density and increase in the covalent character of Mn-O bond.orbitats hence a trans it ion element but zinc does not form any ion with incomplete d orbitals..Zn{s) -+-A920{s) -+. MnO is basic while Mnp7 is acidic.. As·the oxidation number of a metal increases.on state where it wi II have incompletaly fi lied . ..

1 OR (a) CHaCH2CH2COCH3 A CH3CH2CH2COCH3 A C·H. oxidation) CHIJ YellowPpt CH3CH2COOH+ CH3COOH B CH CH CH CH 3 2 2 3 C 1 1 Kolbe EI.position increases the positive charge at C-1 due to -I and -R effect. 1 (ii) Acetone can make hydrogen bonds with water but benzophenone can not make hydrogen bonds due to steric hinderance of two phenyl groups.(c) Ion E.3D (a) (b) (i) -N02 group at p. of unpaired electrons D 1 V3+ = [Ar]3d24s0 Fe2+ 2 4 1 = [Ar]3d 4s" 6 Fe2+ has maxim urn number of unpaired electrons (d) As the value of reduction potential increases.C.C·OONa ~ < NaOH/l.CH. of ion Mg2+ [Ne]3so = TP+= [Ar]i3d'4s Q No. the stability of +2 oxidation state as compared to +3 oxidation state increases. therefore Cr2+ less stable than Fe2+which is in turn is less stable than Mn2+. making the fission of O-H bond easier. 1 A = CH3CHO B = CHJCH(OH)CH2CHO C = CH3CH=CHCHO 1x3=3 A.ectrolysis 1 1 1 151 .

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