How Water Filter Works?

Researchers: John Kelvin Gabrieles Jason Limvajio Patrick John Fumera Teacher/Professor: Ms. Jennifer B. Zenarosa Faculty Manila Central University

Introduction:
Water Filters are water sanitizing system in which any liquid are filtered by Activated Carbon and other filtering materials. This system is used commonly in homes. This system cleans the water and removes macro organisms and other micro organisms. This is a useful system for ensuring the sanity of your water. But how this Water Filter works? The main component of this water filter is the Activated Carbon. This is a chemical used to adsorb micro organisms and chemicals. This has the capability to change the qualities of a liquid: smell, taste, and color. This is a helpful component of a Water Filter. The filter paper is sometimes used in Water Filters to filter macro organisms. This is a paper that is semi-permeable to ensure the filtering of macro organisms.

Review of Related Literature:
Activated charcoal is charcoal that has been treated withoxygen to open up millions of tiny pores between the carbon atoms. According to Encylopedia Britannica: The use of special manufacturing techniques results in highly porous charcoals that have surface areas of 300-2,000 square metres per gram. These so-called active, or activated, charcoals are widely used to adsorb odorous or coloured substances from gases or liquids. The word adsorb is important here. When a material adsorbs something, it attaches to it by chemical attraction. The huge surface area of activated charcoal gives it countless bonding sites. When certain chemicals pass next to the carbon surface, they attach to the surface and are trapped. Activated charcoal is good at trapping other carbon-based impurities ("organic" chemicals), as well as things like chlorine. Many other chemicals are not attracted to carbon at all -- sodium, nitrates, etc. -- so they pass right through. This means that an activated charcoal filter will remove certain impurities while ignoring others. It also means that, once all of the bonding sites are filled, an activated charcoal filter stops working. At that point you must replace the filter.

How Water Filter Works?

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How Water Filter Works?
Researchers: John Kelvin Gabrieles Jason Limvajio Patrick John Fumera Teacher/Professor: Ms. Jennifer B. Zenarosa Faculty Manila Central University

Filter paper is a semi-permeable paper barrier placed perpendicular to a liquid or air flow. It is used to separate fine solids from liquids or air. Filter paper comes in various porosities and grades depending on the applications it is meant for. The important parameters are wet strength, porosity, particle retention, flow rate, compatibility, efficiency and capacity. There are two mechanisms of filtration with paper; volume and surface. By volume filtration the particles are caught in the bulk of the filter paper. By surface filtration the particles are caught on the paper surface.

Methodology:
We prepared two setups Muddy Water and Powdered Juice mixed w/ Water. We filtered this in our filter made by our team. In these liquids, we will observe the color and smell.

How Water Filter Works?

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How Water Filter Works?
Researchers: John Kelvin Gabrieles Jason Limvajio Patrick John Fumera Teacher/Professor: Ms. Jennifer B. Zenarosa Faculty Manila Central University

Data and Results: Setup 1

This is muddy water with brown color and soily smell. The soil mixed with water is loam. Loam has many macro organisms and micro organisms including organic and inorganic matter. We filtered it, as a result what we got:

Color: Clear Smell: Soily
How Water Filter Works? Page 3

How Water Filter Works?
Researchers: John Kelvin Gabrieles Jason Limvajio Patrick John Fumera Teacher/Professor: Ms. Jennifer B. Zenarosa Faculty Manila Central University

Setup 2

Setup 2
A powdered juice mixed w/ water colored brown and Iced Tea Smell. Filtered and we got:

Color: Clear Brown Smell: Iced Tea

How Water Filter Works?

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How Water Filter Works?
Researchers: John Kelvin Gabrieles Jason Limvajio Patrick John Fumera Teacher/Professor: Ms. Jennifer B. Zenarosa Faculty Manila Central University

Recommendations:
Although the color changes, the smell doesn’t change. It is better to use mineral water because this ensures the sanity of the water. Water Filters are amazing because of their effect. But, we are not still sure if this water filters are better for you.

Conclusion:
I therefore conclude that water filters are water sanitation system but it is not sure to give full cleanliness to your water.

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filter_paper http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/question209.htm

How Water Filter Works?

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