Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

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Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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please. 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. Hi. Thanks for the help. It’s Rob. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Can I take a message? Yes.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’m afraid he’s not. 1. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. 3. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. Bye. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. Bye. -4- .

_______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. 1. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. 4. 1) Annoy a) new. visitors. 1. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. An ambulance took David to the hospital. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. 5. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. We’ve just lowered our prices. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. Our fax number has changed. In the past. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. 3. 2. patients. I had a job interview yesterday. He has inspired lots of designers in the country.

Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. B: __________________________ A: Sure. this is Keira. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. Miss Oh. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. JSG.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A Student B A: Good morning. Bye. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. Goodbye. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. Student A A: Good morning. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. Mother and Sons. Goodbye. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . please. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning.

how may we help you? A: Hello. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. I can take your message. B: Okay. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. -7- . I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. A: Oh…okay. B: Giefan Research Company.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. B: I’m sorry ma’am. Could you put me on line 3 please. 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . B: Bye. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. She’s in a meeting right now. A: Bye.

Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. We will refund you the money. Promises 1. 3. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. 6. 4. She refuses to accept his authority. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . inevitably sells better than other products. Activity 1 3. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. She refuses to accept my proposal. The car won’t start. won’t or would. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. 2. you can use will not or won’t. I promise to do my homework. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. The product with the better-known brand name. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. 1. Refusal. Harvey phoned? 2. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist.

B: Really? Well. B: Hi. B: Thank you. Oh. A: Oh. A: Ah. A: _______________________________. A: Well. Oh’s call. this is kind of urgent too. A: ______________________________. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. B: That’s too bad. Mr. Oh’s office. Well then. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. may I help you? B: . Student A Student B A: . . B: _____________________________________. A: Mr. Oh’s office. B: . Oh has been expecting your email. this is I was expecting Mr. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. A: Of course. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. but haven’t got a call from him yet. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. A: ____________________________. he can’t make it to the office today. B: . I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. yes. Student A Student B A: Mr. may I talk to Mr. B: Hi. But I’m afraid Mr.

I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning.10 - . They’re very common here. Jen: . Vince: That’s good to hear. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Jen: Well. as you know. 2. Hello. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. Well. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. A sand snake. Vince: Oh. But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. We feel your proposal is very interesting. I guess that’s not so surprising. According to our market study. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. good. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Jen: Well. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. Vince: Oh. 1. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. Jen: Indeed. Vince. Thanks. yes. then. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. 3.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.

to express gratitude for e. . suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple. 5. 1. something received after a transaction is made d. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. offer. 2. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. to take notice of. 1. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 4. 2. The extent of one’s possibilities c.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. 3. *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. urgent need b. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 3.

yes. Thanks for the help. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. Bob. . B: ____________________________? A: Yes. B: Sure. . Student A Student B A: Hi. We’ll just wait for your call then. A: ______________________________? B: No problem.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: ____________________________. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. We are interested in your offer. B: ____ A: Yes. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. B: A: Well.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. well then. __ . This is Mr. indeed. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. B: Bye. Bye. I think so. Take your time. A: Yes. Snider. A: ______________________________. Mr. Snider. Student A Student B A: Hello. B: ____________________________. A: _. I am sure we can help you with the project. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. A: _. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. B: Oh. B: . I think so. A: B: My pleasure.

You’re welcome.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. This is Innis speaking. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. OK. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. had. 2. I’d be glad to. I’ll send it off now. Full word did. He’d prefer to pay cash. Lance. would will ( I will) 1. He’ll prefer to pay cash. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. . 1.13 - . 3. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. It’s Lance. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. Thank you very much. Sure. 2. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.

to feel curiosity or doubt d. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . Financial Report 2. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. 4. 3. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. 1. yearly b.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 5. 1. e. a report about the finances of an establishment e. Current 4.g. Wondering a. 2. occurring or existing at the present time c. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject.g. Polite 3. . Annual 5. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e.

Simons please. A: _________________________ C: Yes. Student A A: Hi. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Simons. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. B: ____________________________ A: Mr. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. It’s Candy on the line. Candy. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. It’s Candy. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. hold on. I have it with me. C: Hi. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure. . Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome. I’d like to speak to Mr. Candy. This is Mr.

1. Can you put me through to ext. We eat rice every day. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. Brian: Sure. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. Ron: Hello Brian. 3. 5. Billy left a mess in the sink. Brian: Hi. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. His aunt called.second Ron: .16 - .extension * sec . Brian speaking.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Brian: It’s great to hear that. How nice of you to come! 2. 2. This is Ron of J&J Korea. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. 2. Voiced 1. Ron: Yeah. 5. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. 4. * ext . sir. Let’s keep in touch through email. My eyes are tired. 4. Snakes hiss out of fear. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Hello.

enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. May and could are also used to ask for permission. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________. . I’m afraid you can’t. 2. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. They are more formal than can. 4.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. Can I use your computer? Sure. 3. you can’t.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. but not to refuse permission. If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. 4. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone. 1. 5. May I use your mobile phone? No. Could I come back later? No. you can. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. Activity Answer the questions. 1. 3. 5. go ahead. 2. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________.

right after the meeting. A: ____________________________. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. B: Good. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. B: ______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. B: Talk to you later. I went to see a movie with some friends. . A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. I’ll be expecting your call. A: ____________________________.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: OK. I really want to recommend it to everyone. A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. .

A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. a. How do you spell “please”? b. What kind of terrain is it? 3. Are you on vacation? Yes. How do you spell “forest”? b. How’s everything? Not bad.19 - . What kind of train is it? b. How are you? Pretty good. so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Hello. How do you spell “police”? 2. Chris. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. 2. 1. a. thanks! This is Ben. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. 1. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. this is my second trip. Oh. He’s from Mozambique. a. Ben. 3.Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’m sure I will. I am. .

you. her. good.2 . it. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.2 .2 . he. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever. you.20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful. amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks. Possessive adjectives are my. 4. we.4 .5 .4 . The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. 1.3 . 3. our.1 . Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. 5. its. his.4 . Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument. your. and they. their.2 . Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. your. she.4 . __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .

21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. . A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around. are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. You can call me Liz. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. Student A A: Hello. I’m Lisa Tailor. So I will see you there then. My name’s Brad Cruz. B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. But please call me Brad. I’ll be working at Wendy’s.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.

5. 3. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. 4.22 - .__________________ 2. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. 1. c) With a new colleague. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. it’s beautiful. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. b) With a stranger while on a trip. 2. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. . In Korea. I really miss this kind of weather. Well. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. 1. Stress the first syllable. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. You are lucky for that. How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. __________________ 3.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference.

probable.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). (e. and test). straight. not direct. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. to be expected 3. first choice. It is the foundation of the word. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. to start 2. associate 7. Indirect c. unicycle 3. liking 4. brotherhood .4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. coworker. unlikable. act. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root. nonstop 5. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word.g. multicolored 4. Unpleasant g. Preference f. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e. Colleague a. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. a prefix and a suffix. to begin.g. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2.g. Likely e. wishful 5. Initiate d. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix.g. 1. Direct b. nasty 6. form.

I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher. B: _____________________________ A: Okay. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller.. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Okay see you later then. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ .. A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Candy Miles. You can knock on my door anytime.

1. it’s Lee. Goodness.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. That was exciting! 4. 1. I’m happy for you. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. 2. What? You were disgusted? 5. Thank you for inviting me.25 - . So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually. Wonderful. Great. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better.m. but all is well. I’ll see you on Friday then. I see you’ve learned the ropes. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. but I will definitely be there. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . I’ll see you then. That was wonderful! 2. You really scared me! 3. Read and say the statements below.

Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. ______________________________. Your work was amazing. ______________________________. 3. Our boss was boring. 1. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. The party was boring. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. (interest) 2. 3. The music sounds exciting. I find the documentaries _______________. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. . 4. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. I was bored by our boss. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. The novel was fascinating. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. _____________________________. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. 2. 4. _____________________________.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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A: _______________________________ B: Hmm. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Create your own dialogs and practice them. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. A: ______________________________ B: OK. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. Student A A: Hi Kate. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .

‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Tonight. 1.Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. 2.31 - . Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. 3. a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool.

g. So she decided to quit. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. An < indefinite article (not a specific object. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. Jasper is an engineer.g. Kristy. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. ______ old friend of my sister. but it makes her happy. provinces. The book is on the table. 2. She was ______ honest. e.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. states.g. . one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. Yashie has a cat. e. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). used to work in downtown Los Angeles. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. Do not use an article along with countries. but she hated her job.g. It isn't _____ easy life. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. 3. transport and places.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. and become _____ English teacher instead.

A: ____________________________. I could go for a martini. B: __________________________________ A: Yes. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. but it just tastes better that way. A: ______________________________. or on the rocks? You name it. Gaines. I always take mine straight up. no thanks. I ordered a whisky. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. Gaines. A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Whisky is my favorite. B: A: Fine. too. A: _____________________________. glad to see you. . but very dry. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. Student A Student B A: Mr. How do you like it? With tonic. B: A: Well. B: Sure. I’d prefer a gin tonight. A: Well. what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. would you? .

I’m heading that way. 2. But now I don’t have to. Only if you really want to. 1. 3. I had to bring my books to school. Pleased to meet you. Sally Dunes.34 - . Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. Thanks me for am. Pleased to meet you too. I. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. sorry am I late am helping. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. Here we are. this is my first visit. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. 5. But now I don’t want to. I’m sure I will. Mine’s Sally. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. Well. I wanted to walk to work. You can come to the party with me. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. 1. Have you been to Singapore before? No. . 2.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. 3. I hope you like it. 4. Are You right. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.

Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. 3. We are able to memorize the speech. 1. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 3. 1. Just give her enough time. 4. 2. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. You can take one if you like. . They were able to meet their expectations. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. 9. Visit 3. 8. 5. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. 6. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Maria is able to speak Korean. 1. My children can dance and sing. 7. Accent a) pronunciation. 2. Teddy was able to work yesterday. Heading 2. I think Tessa is able to do it. I can bake chocolate cookies well. 4. She can solve math problems quickly.

I can’t find the baggage department.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Can I help you? B: ____ . A: It’s at the main door. are you new here? B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Say. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. A: Here we are. Student A A: Hi. B: I’m sure it does. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. B: Yes I am. A: ____________________________. Let me take you there. A: Yeah it is. Hope you find the place has everything you need. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. B: ______________________________. please. A: ____________________________. .

A: So what are you going to do after graduation.Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. B: Yeah. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. I’ve saved money. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. It’s my dream to speak Spanish. B: Great! Good luck to you. 1. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. 2. . Discuss these questions. A: Lucky you. 3. Mara? B: Well. That sounds exciting. French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.37 - .

_______________________________________________________________ 3.g. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions._______________________________________________________________ 2. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. _______________________________________________________________ 4. I’m going to finish my thesis.g. _______________________________________________________________ 5.________________________________________________________________ . 1. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time. Native c) register 4. Rule 3: Making predictions e. to keep safe 5.g. Exciting d) reserve. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city. Enroll e) natural. 1.

A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. I started learning Spanish in January. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. A: _______________________________ B: A little. A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. I’ll let you know later. I find it quite difficult.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. still working on it. Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. . You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not.

They pay us a huge amount. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. Notice the differences. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. 2. Body language plays a vital role in communication. I’m going over and asking her on a date. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. 8. They saved a 1000 dollars. 3. 4. They paid us a huge amount. 7. 6. They save a 1000 dollars. 1. it’s called body language. Stress the underlined word. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. she’s looking this way. 1. They warn the passengers. Hold on Brian. They warned the passengers.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. Discuss these questions. Okay. Good luck! . Hens laid eggs. 2. 3.40 - . 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Hens lay eggs. Pete. 5.

When _______________________________________________________? 2.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . What _______________________________________________________? . 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended. Who ________________________________________________________? 4. How ________________________________________________________? 6.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. Where ______________________________________________________? 3. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below. repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. 1.

A: Oh. B: As a matter of fact. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. he’s still behind you now. Create your own dialogs and practice them. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. A: _______________________________. B: That’s okay. I saw you waving your hand at me. I was waving at my dad behind you.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . OK. A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: Hi. B: ________________________________. I’m sorry. B: ________________________________. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . A: Oh. B: Oh.

I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. 1. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. 2. I haven’t. 3. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. He seems really nice.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . Professor Brooklyn is here. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. 4. I think so.43 - . what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. but there’s one thing I noticed. the new student from Korea? No. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. Hmm… let me practice bowing. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture.

_____________________________________________________________________. 3. If you drink alcohol. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. Smoking isn’t good for our health. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . Watching English TV shows is fun too. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. 1. 1. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. we move our eyes about. it will interfere with your dreams. 4. Peter doesn’t know. 6.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . _____________________________________________________________________ 4. (Neither does Peter. 7. 5. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. When we dream. I think reading English books is fun. (So do cats and dogs.) He doesn’t know the answer. 3. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. _____________________________________________________________________. either. 2. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. too. Mr.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. Iverson didn’t know either. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. _____________________________________________________________________ . 8.

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. maybe because it’s hot there. I just got home last night. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there.m. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice. There are beautiful beaches everywhere.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. B: ____ . B: Well. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. B: Yeah. I did. A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. B: Yeah. A: ____________________________. A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. . A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. A: ____________________________.

1. Joe: See. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. Please shut the door. Discuss these questions. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. Liz: Hmm. The mice jumped over the cup. 3. They shook their heads. Liz: You’re right Joe! . taller than most basketball players. 2. 1.Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. Liz: Asians are short. 3. 2. Joe: I don’t think so. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall.46 - . Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food.

indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. she agreed to marry him.g. e. 1. e. Exist 5. 1. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. she keeps asking me to do her reports. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. Kim for it. 9. he works as a doorman. Instant 2.g. 8.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Although: in spite of the fact that. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. he’s now a successful medical doctor. 10. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. in spite of. ________ of poverty. 2. Mistaken 4. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. he still scolded Mr. 4. __________ he’s the President’s son. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. Park’s mistake. she decided to go away. Positive idea 6. ___________ my advice. ________ she knew he was not good looking. 3. 6. . 7. 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. even though. is not something really controlled. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. She works hard __________ of her backache. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. Imply 3.

Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah. he’s our boss’ son. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. I didn’t mean to scare you. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. I haven’t.48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. I know. Bye! . nice to see you here. And he is very strict like him. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. you must watch out. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. B: _______________________________ A: No. you’ll be fine.

You could have taken the leftovers home. I guess I won’t be staying here too long. Really? Yeah. 2. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. 1. .Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag. but it was too heavy. 4. 5. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 3.49 - . A: Oh.

50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . ________________________________________. tea 3. words 6. 2. Examples: 1. ________________________________________. coffee cream 7. 1. ________________________________________. women 2. glasses of milk 5. 1. . Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. 4. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. 2. 3.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. ________________________________________. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. soda 4. 5. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. 3. 4.

Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . B: __________________________________ A: Sure. I’ll pay my share later. Let’s bring a Merlot.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . A: ______________________________. A: _____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. can you please get one. Create your own dialogs and practice them. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. B: To Kelly’s house.

Thanks! . 3. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. Here’s the form. So when can I start? As soon as you register. 2. would you like to join me? Well.52 - . 5. Say. 1. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. It’s just meditation. Oh. Actually. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I would love to. that sounds relaxing. isn’t it? Not really. but I’m quite busy these days. The class is only twice a week.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. 4. it’s more than that. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga.

Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. choose and write the best answer for each blank.way etc.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. e. 4.g. Quite d) frequently. Samson. 1. 1. Kind 6. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. Vegetarian diet b) completely. Harmony c) characteristic.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Register e) no meat diet 6. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’. actually 3. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . He needs it badly. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. habitually 5. feature 4. __________ I won the lotto. wholly. 2. 5. She _________ got up and walked way. They were painted ____________. in agreement 2. 1. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. The flowers are beautiful. __________ give this report to Mr. The painting looks real. __________ I don’t know the answer either. Quick 2. Honest 5. 3. Quality a) synchronization.in a ….

B: She goes to aerobics class. A: . A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . Usually she goes before work. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. I have. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well. they hate exercising. B: _________________________________. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. B: Oh. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .

Liz! B: Hello. A: Hi. 1. see for yourself. 5. Nat. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. 2.55 - . What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. He’s of average height and has green eyes. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. B: Wow. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. She’s tall and slim. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. she must be very pretty. . She has long blond hair and blue eyes. 4. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. 2. 3. A: Well. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. She’s not tall or slim. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. 3.

Enjoy 5. They ______ both tall. and Dinah doesn’t. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have. Average 2. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. They _______ about 15 years old. e. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose.g. Slim 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . height. Curly 3.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. They look exactly alike. and weight. 1. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins.

So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. B: ________________________________ A: Wait. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p. I think I know the guy.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . today. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. He’s my boss. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. He works at Joy Research Agency. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport.m. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. A: __________________________ B: What!? .

Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. She buys me nice things all the time. 6. cousin 12. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. 4. 2. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. 3. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. We are just too similar. 2. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better. Only if I’m lucky. 5. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money.58 - . opposites attract. 3. . Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. 1. 4. nephew 11. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. uncle 9. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. 1. You know what they say. aunt 8. niece 10.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. You are probably right. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father.

5. 3. e. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from. e. 2. 1. 4. 5. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1.g.g. 4. 2. 3.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ . Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from. Our apartment building is off the Main Street. A tile has come off the floor.

B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. A: ____________________________. B: Yeah. A: ______________________________. A: I’m sure they will. B: _____________________________________. B: Yeah it is. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: That will be nice. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. I’ll take them to the lake. B: ________________________________. I’m sure they’ll like it. B: I think so too. They’ll spend a week with us. .60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. B: Great idea. A: ______________________________. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. Now I know where to bring them. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________.isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms.

B: Wow. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. Questions: 1. 4. 2. 3.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: Oh. 1. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. It just seems like yesterday. What did you want to be when you were young? . B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. 3. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. Now. 1.61 - . 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. 2. A proper copper coffee pot. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. Who won the English speech contest? 3. Sandy Long. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. time really flies. 5. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. The swan swam over the pond. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before.

You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. place 2. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. 3. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. 2. I got married in July 2003. 10. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. 4. 9. Where’s Mr. 8. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. a job or a situation 4. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. 1. month and years) 3. 4. a point during a longer period of time (week. . 5.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 1. 6. 3. Where is your office? ________________________________________. What year were you born? ___________________________________. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. When did you get married? __________________________________. 5. 2. 7. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. Smith? _________________________________________.

Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. A: Well. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________.63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . yesterday. . A: ____________________________. it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. B: ______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: And. His parents are always out of town. He always ends up hitting his brother. They have to know what their son’s doing. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. B: ___ . A: Kids today are very different. A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. B: That’s not nice. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. B: You’d better get their number. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. B: ___________________________________.

A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. 1. A: There must be magic in that place. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo.64 - . B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. 3.Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. B: Yeah I heard. I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. . I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. 2. A: Sorry Tommy. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. 4.

Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. Hymn 5. The guests shall come on time. Shall we dance? 4. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. 9. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. It shall be delivered right away. 3. 1. Perfect 3. . Shall I bring her in? 8. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. He shall surely come in a week.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Shall I give you my number? 6. Bare 4. 2. They shall see us before office hours. Shall I lend him money? 7. 10.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 1. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Tie the knot 2.

I love music. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Belle. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. I will. I’ll see you soon. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. thanks for bringing me here. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. . Student A A: Say. B: _________________________________ A: So. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. B: ________________________________ B: Ted. A: ______________________________ B: Well. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. DZFM plays that song over and over again.

She’s no longer a friend of mine.67 - . 1. 3.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. . she’s not the one. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. 2. B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. 4. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: Nah.

coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. both for countable and uncountable.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. 3. The _____ CEO started his own company. 3. There isn’t any bread on the table. We use any in negative sentences. 2.” 1. both for countable and uncountable. 2. 1. 1. Therefore she’s a distant _________. Examples: There is some bread on the table. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. Love is __________. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2.

I’m glad I bumped into you today. They were the most popular band back then. B: A: That’s great.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. we’re both busy with our careers. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. the R2 Band. B: ________________________________. I still have it with me. A: Yeah. Mr. A: _____________________________. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. .69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Student A Student B A: Greg. B: . A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. A: ________________________________. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. B: Same here. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. . Maurice. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. B: Well. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. A: Yeah. Mary’s coming over this weekend. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . A: Well. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. B: _____________________________________. A: ________________________________. By the way. It’s been ten years. Rice works there as the information officer. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will.

" . 2.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best.70 - .Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible." ." . 5. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) .dictionary _ 9. 4. we will remember not the words of our enemies. table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3. 1. (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake. business _ 10. clothing _ 8. 3. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6. 1." . Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2.Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have. but the silence of our friends.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End.Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory." ." . we must do what is required." ." . If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. clothes _ 7.Martin Luther King Jr.

(really good/ flying a plane). 1. Martin _________________________________. My sister ________________________________. 5. (play golf/not very well) 3. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. 4. (really good/skating) 2. She does not play golf well. 2. Select two famous people and describe them. (cook/not well) .4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. She ____________________________________. (driving/really good) 4. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. 1. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. I ____________________________________. so she goes flying every weekend. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. so he’s works as a driver. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. Woods is good at playing golf. so she plays hockey everyday.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . so I usually burn the food. Examples: 1.

Kurt. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? .72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . I can’t sleep. A: ____________________________. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. President! . B: Mr. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: ______________________________ A: Lately. B: I know. A: . B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. Student A Student B A: Hi. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. I did. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. I received a lot of death threats. it does sound like a stressful job. Donald is asking me to work with him. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah. That way I feel safe and secure. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him. B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________.

Thanks. UC and Loma Linda. 3. No problem. Ring me up if you have any other questions. I’ve never heard of that school.73 - . Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. Good! I have to check that out. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 2. 1. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. it’s more affordable than most other schools. .Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 4. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. I think Loma Linda is better.

t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ . 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. She’s ____________________ two lovers. beautiful 2. reasonable 9. 2. handsome 5. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. David Bloom shirts are on sale.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. within your means c) pleased. good 10. wonderful 6. 1. nice 7. affordable 8. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ . Affordable 4. 1.74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Caught between 2. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. great 4. The prices are reasonable and ___________. 1. crazy 3. Medical professionals 3.

A: What university did you graduate from. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. A: __________________________ B: Thank you. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. I heard admission is very tough there. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. I’ll tell him that when I get home. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. . A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. it is. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. B: _____________________________ A: Well. My sister works in the register’s office. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _______________________________ B: Yes.

l. v.76 - . Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. . 2. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b. 1. j. 2. p. z and with the letter combination th. g. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. 3. A: I see. 3. r. m. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. n. That sounds like a mess. That explains the line-up. w. They are the following: 1. k.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Well. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch.

take 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. have ask write 7. 5. 1. 9. get 4. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. shut 6. 4. read .77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 3. 2. work 2. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. 8. lift 3.

. B: _________________________________ . B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out. A: _____________________________. A: Yes. B: Thanks. B: _____________________________________. A: _______________________________. A: ______________________________. B: Actually I’m almost there. I’ll be back in a minute. A: ____________________________. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________.78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: ____________________________. B: . I appreciate your help. B: Thanks. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. B: What? You mean the registration form? .

A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure.79 - . . 3. _________________ 2.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. ______________ 3. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. 2. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before. 1. just the one inside the Trade Mall. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to.

1. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. 2. 5. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. 1. We __________ take a nap after lunch. text 4.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Recently c) something to read. 7. I’ve just read a good book ________________. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. Literature d) lately 5. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. 6. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. 4. . Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. 2. We should work hard. On sale a) work of fiction 2. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 1. She __________ do a lot of extra reading. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3.

A: That would be nice. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. A: ____________________________. A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. The book is quite expensive. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. I can lend you my discount card. A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. B: Don’t mention it. B: ______________________________. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. I’m sure you’ll find one there. B: Yeah. Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome.

A: I’ll do that. How do you spell “boat” 3. 4. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information.82 - . B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. RUTH ROOT Anger. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. The student says the matching answer. a. How do you spell “mat”? 5. B: Try the telephone directory. What does “faith” mean? b.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. a. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. a. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. Where is the boot? 6. What is a bat for? 2. What is a bath for? b. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. What does “wrath” mean? b. 1. Where is the booth? b. I wonder what the prerequisites are. a. I’m sure it has the number. What does “fate” mean? 4. I searched the net. a. To play ball. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. 2. a. How do you spell “math”? b. . Like a mouse. How do you spell “Root”? 7. 3. 1. How do you spell “both” b. a.

3. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . . 4. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. 1. ______________________________________________. ill-fated c) Abbr.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 5. 1. ______________________________________________. 3. Some things will never change. 4. Examples: I’ll do that. 5. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 2. I won’t be late. 2.

Student A Student B A: Hello. . A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. B: ________________________________ A: It says here. I submitted all the required documents they asked for.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website. Registrar’s Office. I took that last semester. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today.

They poured milk into the glass. 2. Do you think they cared about politics? a. I don’t like numbers. 6. They fear every animal. two days to cram everything into my head! . They hire new employees on Friday. B: Yeah. 8. They feared every animal. Do you think they care about politics? b. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. We admired all you work a. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. b. Some speakers bored us. The dogs scare every cat. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. They close everything. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. a. The dogs scared every cat. a. Student: Present. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. 7. b. b. a. 5. a. 4.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. a. b. 3. They hired new employees on Friday. 1. b. b. b.85 - . 1. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. 2. We admire all you work. Some speakers bore us. They pour milk into the glass. Oh boy. They closed everything a. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. 3.

Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. _______________________________________________. Bother 2. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. Finals 5. 1.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Midterm 3. _______________________________________________. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. 3.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. 5. . problem d)hardly. _______________________________________________. Cram 4. Examples: I must remember her name. _______________________________________________. 4. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. _______________________________________________. 2.

B: I didn’t hear about it. A: ______________________________. A: _______________________________. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. A: ____________________________. Mr. I can manage on my own. It looks like I have to cram tonight. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. B: Yeah. B: . A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. but no. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. B: No. B: __________________________________ .6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. . I’d be happy to help you. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. A: If you need some help. I was absent that day. A: _____________________________. A: Well you should. B: Thanks. . I should study now. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. but you’ve only got two hours to do it. Kim announced it last week. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .

2. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 7. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . 3. 9. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. 2. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. After her schooling. she continued to keep in touch with me. 8. 24/02/07 V. 5.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Sincerely yours.88 - . Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. 3. 1. 1. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality. 4. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy.

Is the food ________ for you? 10. Determined 3. 8.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. 2. I am _________ eager to see you. He drinks ______ much. Sorry. The room is good _________ for two. 1. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. 5. but that’s _________ for us. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. I am ______ happy to meet you. She’s _____ good to be true. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. . The presentation was _____ long. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. 6. It’s not good for his health. 9. The food’s not enough for four people. You are _____ beautiful. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. Fame 5. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. Wealth 4. 7. enough (not enough) or very. 3. 4. Examples: The letter was too long. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Recommend 2.

.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. A: We’re going to miss you so much. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. B: ___________________________________. B: I know. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. I was surprised to hear the news myself. B: Thank you. so grab it. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. I can’t say how pleased I am. A: ____________________________. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. l o o h c S 5 ti n U . It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. I never thought I’d get it. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. have a seat please. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. Student B A: . B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. A: I believe so. B: ______________________________. You won’t even notice that I’m not here.

she’s really funny. B: ____________________ Sir. It’s a fairly big building. Isaac? A: Yes. Lee of PWBC. ______________________________________ Mr. She’s not very pretty. A: It’ll be there in a minute. but it’s not too big. phone cone hole hot hit 4. 2. _________________. B: Thanks. How may I help you? B: ____________________. ______________________? B: Yes. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. His office is just right there! A: Sir. put pot but pin hut 5. 2. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. 3. . 1. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. 1. My name’s Mr. Underline the stressed words.91 - . bit but dip date pit 3. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. I do. can pain pan man mane 2.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1.. though. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. 3. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. and it’s not very expensive. Singapore is pretty safe to go. B: Listen and practice the each word below.

please.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Just ____________ errors were made. There are a few apples left in the box. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. 2. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. 1. 2. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. 5. books 5. flour 2. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. 3. make up 4. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. 4. 3. 1. 4. oranges 3. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. _______ butter on my bread. 5. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ .

No cream and just sugar please. Let me get you an ashtray. I’m fine. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. Tunney. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. Mr. Long time no see. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . Bolton will be here in a minute. please. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. We’re happy to have you here Mr. B: ________________________________ A: Here. Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. I will. Tunney.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Everything’s well in the market. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. Benjamin. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. not at all. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. let me take that.

B: Hi Teddy. 4. He has worked with us since last year. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. B: Thanks Harry. She’s the youngest employee in this office. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. (ties) 3. 1. A: Good morning Jay. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. 3. 2. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. I’m really excited about working with all of you. B: Thanks Cindy. (nice) 4. She’s a ________ person. Pleased to meet you. These ______ are too fancy for me. . Thanks. B: Wow! This is great. (mice) 2. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great.Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. This is Teddy Crams. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. The ______run fast. I go to yoga class ________ a week. Welcome to the sales department. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. You need to pay the ________. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1.94 - . A: This is your cubicle here. Me too! A: And this is Grace. (price) 5. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves.

______ is the new chairperson of the board.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . ______ is a principle not a feeling. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. (Mr. story 2. 1. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. ( Adrian) 10. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. (You and Jeff) 3. ______ works hard. ( your daughter) 6. Youngest b) a workspace. she. Humps) 8. ______ are going to attend the meeting. he. (you) 7. ______ will wash the dishes. (your colleagues) 4. The subjective pronouns are: I. ______ are talkative. Employee c) one that is the least old 4.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. Floor d) worker. it. Example: It is on the table. 1. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. ______ keeps the records. Cubicle a) ground. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. (love) . you. (the secretary) 5. ______ do the presentation in a little while. ( an owl) 2. and they. a booth 3. we.

A: This is Rachel. she’s our data encoder. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. she’s Mr. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. B: _________________________________ A: By the way. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. He’s very friendly. this is Lisa. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. B: _________________________________ A: Great. B: Thanks Ralph. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. our custodian. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. Edwards secretary. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. welcome to the team. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. she’s an intern. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Thanks! . Let me introduce you to our staff. A: . A: This is Andy. Rachel: Hi Linda. B: ___________________________________. B: Hope so too Rachel. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. Thanks. I started working in this company last summer.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Sure.

who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. A: Hi Marianne. negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. prepare sales presentations. A: That really sounds interesting. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. . A: Say. who makes the final decision? In your department. 2. I’m still trying to figure things out.97 - . how’s your job going? B: Not bad. 1. Describe your current job. I arrange appointments with clients. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. to name a few. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. 2. 4. 5. 3. 4.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. 3.

98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 10. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. There are _____________ cookies. 4. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. Have some _______________. I _________________ customer complaints. 2. Doing business presentation is __________________. 7. Examples: There is much food on my plate. Receptionist b) demanding. 8. 2. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. . 1. 3. 3. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. 5. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 1. 9. Don’t eat too _____________. Take one if you like. 1. I need __________ time to finish my report. There are more female workers than male workers. tough 3. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. 6. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone.

yet exciting. A: Yeah. I work in the research department. we can keep our share in the world market. it does. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. Jefferson’s new secretary. I have to travel to so many countries in South America.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. South America is a very beautiful place. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. Jefferson. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? . A: ________________________________. B: ___________________________________. I arrange meetings for Mr. Unfortunately. Anne. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. A: Nice to meet you. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. A: ________________________________. B: . B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. By doing so. B: Nice to meet you too. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. Student A Student B A: Hi. A: Say. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. I’m Anne Bowles. then you are the person I should talk to. B: I’m Jade. B: _____________________________________. . Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. Jade. B: Oh. Jefferson. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. B: A: Tiring. I’m Mr.

sheep 4. what have you done? 3. Michael: Sure. 1. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. I’ll be back later this afternoon. Michelle: Okay. 1. Breezy 6. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. because of the delay at our production plant. sleep ship slip 2. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. eel ill 5. 2.100 - . Neat knit 3. Michael: Hey you look tired. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. Look. 3. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. I would have told Mary to leave. 1. 2.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. You should have been thrifty. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael.

expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. Expect e) words. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. 1. 2. . in a foreign country 4. 1. 2. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. Overseas a) losing out 2. 1. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. I could be a journalist ________________________________________. 5. 4. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. 3. 1. Vocabulary c) out of the country. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying. I have to travel _____________ this summer.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Below are sample sentences with because clauses. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition.

B: I hate doing the dishes at home. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. so we eat out most of the time. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. 0921.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Say. Mr. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. but I have to feed my children. B: __________________________________. we don’t eat too often at home. What about you. . A: Can you call Mr. A: No. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. too. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. Thank you for the invitation. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. B: __________________________________. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. B: Sorry. Ford of Office Supplies. We both have busy careers. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ .6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. but I don’t have his number.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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4. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. 1) Passports. Don’t talk/take too much. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. 2.106 - . The boys clock/clap their hands. 1. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. My boss loves reading/riding books. This process can take up to eight weeks.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. 5. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet . It won’t do any good. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. .and the sooner the better. The boat/coat is by the seashore. 3. visas and immunization requirements. The shoes feet/fit my feet. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships.

1. Rule 2: Use which or that for things.107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 4. It’s about a girl. It stars Sandra White. It’s a drama.g. Examples: The book is about a woman. 3. She was an Asian artist. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. _________________________________________________________________ . Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. She frees the slaves. 1. 2. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________ 2. She saved her parents marriage. I fight for freedom. _________________________________________________________________ 4.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. I am a woman. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. friendship). She did lots of amazing paintings.

Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. It’s only a five minute walk. Student B A: ________________________________. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. . A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. please. B: I’m Mr. of course. A: My pleasure. B: __________________________________ A: Sure. A: Yes. Davis of Room #1113. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. A: _______________________________. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. one more thing please. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. If you get off at the city hall station. They have a big duty free shopping mall. I’m afraid I’m lost. Fill-in this form please. B: By the way.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. B: Thank you. B: _____________________________________. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. may I help you? A: ______________________________.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. sir. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. please. can I help you? B: ________________________________.

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