Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

5

Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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1. -4- . Bye. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. please. 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. 3. Thanks for the help. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. Bye. I’m afraid he’s not. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. Can I take a message? Yes. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Hi. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. It’s Rob.

We’ve just lowered our prices. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. Our fax number has changed. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. 1. 5. I had a job interview yesterday. 4. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. visitors. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. 1. In the past. patients.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. 1) Annoy a) new. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 3. An ambulance took David to the hospital. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. 2.

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. Student A Student B A: Good morning. this is Keira. Goodbye. Student A A: Good morning. Miss Oh. Goodbye. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. JSG. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. B: __________________________ A: Sure. Bye. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. please. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. Mother and Sons. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly.

Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. B: Giefan Research Company. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. She’s in a meeting right now. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. A: Oh…okay. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. A: Bye. Could you put me on line 3 please. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. I can take your message. -7- . 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. B: Okay. B: I’m sorry ma’am. how may we help you? A: Hello. B: Bye.

She refuses to accept my proposal. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. The product with the better-known brand name. The car won’t start. 4. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. 6. you can use will not or won’t. Refusal. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. 2. won’t or would. I promise to do my homework.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. She refuses to accept his authority. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. Promises 1. We will refund you the money. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. inevitably sells better than other products. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Harvey phoned? 2. 3. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. Activity 1 3. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. 1. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke.

I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: . this is I was expecting Mr. B: _____________________________________. A: ______________________________. A: _____________________________. A: Well. B: That’s too bad. yes. B: Hi. B: Really? Well. may I talk to Mr. Student A Student B A: Mr. A: Ah.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Oh. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. this is kind of urgent too. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. A: Mr. Mr. . Oh’s office. but haven’t got a call from him yet. Student A Student B A: . B: Hi. B: . Oh’s office. Oh has been expecting your email. A: Of course.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. But I’m afraid Mr. Well then. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. Oh’s call. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. B: Thank you. A: ____________________________. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back. he can’t make it to the office today. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. A: _______________________________. may I help you? B: . A: Oh.

3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.10 - . Thanks. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. Vince: Oh. I guess that’s not so surprising. Jen: Well. They’re very common here. We feel your proposal is very interesting. as you know. Vince. Vince: That’s good to hear. yes. Hello. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. 2. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. A sand snake. Jen: Indeed. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. 3. Jen: Well. Well. 1. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. Vince: Oh. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. Jen: . But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. According to our market study. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. good. then. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time.

4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. to take notice of. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. 3. urgent need b. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. 5. suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 3. offer. 1. 2. . something received after a transaction is made d. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. 4. 1. 2. *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. to express gratitude for e. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. The extent of one’s possibilities c.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .

Student A Student B A: Hi. B: . B: ____________________________? A: Yes. A: _. yes. Mr. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Snider. B: ____ A: Yes. __ . I think so. I think so. Thanks for the help. Bye.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: A: Well. B: ____________________________. A: _. A: ______________________________. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. indeed. I am sure we can help you with the project. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. We’ll just wait for your call then. B: Oh. . I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. A: B: My pleasure. Bob. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. B: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Sure. Snider. Student A Student B A: Hello. . A: Yes. This is Mr. well then. B: Bye. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. Take your time. We are interested in your offer.

OK. This is Innis speaking. You’re welcome. Sure. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. 3. . How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.13 - . had. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. I’d be glad to. 1. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. would will ( I will) 1. 2. Thank you very much. Lance. I’ll send it off now. He’ll prefer to pay cash. 2. Full word did. He’d prefer to pay cash. It’s Lance.

3. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. Current 4. 2. occurring or existing at the present time c. Polite 3. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . 4. 5.g. yearly b. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. 1. Annual 5. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject.g. e. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. Wondering a. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. 1.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word. Financial Report 2. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. . to feel curiosity or doubt d. a report about the finances of an establishment e.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .

A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. Simons please. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. C: Hi. Student A A: Hi. B: ____________________________ A: Mr. I have it with me. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. It’s Candy on the line. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . . A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. Candy. Candy. I’d like to speak to Mr. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. Simons. hold on. A: _________________________ C: Yes. This is Mr. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure. It’s Candy.

Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Snakes hiss out of fear. 2. Can you put me through to ext. 5. Brian: Sure. Brian speaking. Hello. Ron: Hello Brian. 2. His aunt called. 5. This is Ron of J&J Korea. How nice of you to come! 2. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. We eat rice every day. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. Ron: Yeah. 4. Brian: It’s great to hear that. sir. My eyes are tired. 1. * ext . 3. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. Billy left a mess in the sink.16 - . And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order.extension * sec . Voiced 1. Brian: Hi. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. Let’s keep in touch through email. 4.second Ron: .

May I use your mobile phone? No. go ahead. Could I come back later? No. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. I’m afraid you can’t. you can. If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. but not to refuse permission. 4. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. 5. 1. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. 3. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. Can I use your computer? Sure. 2. May and could are also used to ask for permission. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. . 4. Activity Answer the questions. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. you can’t. They are more formal than can. enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. 2. 5. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________.

right after the meeting.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I really want to recommend it to everyone. It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. B: ______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. B: Good. . A: ______________________________ B: OK. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . A: ____________________________. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. I went to see a movie with some friends. B: Talk to you later. I’ll be expecting your call. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. . Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute. A: ____________________________.

How do you spell “please”? b. How do you spell “police”? 2. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. . thanks! This is Ben.19 - .Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. What kind of terrain is it? 3. How are you? Pretty good. so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. this is my second trip. a. He’s from Mozambique. 1. How’s everything? Not bad. Ben. 1. I am. 2. Hello. Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. What kind of train is it? b. a. Are you on vacation? Yes. a. I’m sure I will. How do you spell “forest”? b. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. Oh. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. Chris.

1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful. our. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks. Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever.2 .5 . 4.20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . her. your.4 . you.2 . amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. you.2 . 1. Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. Possessive adjectives are my. we. his. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. their.2 . and they. good.3 .1 .4 . your.4 . its. he. 5. it. 3. __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. she. Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument.4 .

My name’s Brad Cruz.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around. Student A A: Hello. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. . So I will see you there then. You can call me Liz. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. But please call me Brad. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. I’m Lisa Tailor.

How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. 2.22 - . bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. 3. You are lucky for that. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. I really miss this kind of weather. Well. 4. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. b) With a stranger while on a trip. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. it’s beautiful. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. c) With a new colleague. 1. Stress the first syllable.__________________ 2. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. __________________ 3. In Korea. 5.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. 1. .

to start 2. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix. liking 4. It is the foundation of the word. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2.g. Colleague a. a prefix and a suffix. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. Unpleasant g. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root.g. nasty 6. (e. Likely e. first choice.g.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . brotherhood .g. Indirect c. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. unlikable. straight. wishful 5. and test). associate 7. Initiate d. Direct b. not direct. unicycle 3. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). nonstop 5. probable. form. coworker. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. Preference f. multicolored 4. to be expected 3. 1. to begin. act.

A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy. B: _____________________________ A: Okay. You can knock on my door anytime.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Okay see you later then. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all.. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building.. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . Candy Miles. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher.

That was exciting! 4. What? You were disgusted? 5. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. it’s Lee.m. I’ll see you then. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. Read and say the statements below. I’ll see you on Friday then. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. You really scared me! 3. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . Wonderful. 2. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming.25 - . but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. I see you’ve learned the ropes. Goodness. Great. 1. So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually. That was wonderful! 2. but all is well. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. but I will definitely be there. Thank you for inviting me. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. I’m happy for you.

I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 3. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. Your work was amazing. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. ______________________________. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. Our boss was boring. _____________________________. The music sounds exciting. 4. 3. (interest) 2. . ______________________________. I was bored by our boss.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . _____________________________. The novel was fascinating. I find the documentaries _______________. 4. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. 1. The party was boring. 2.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

A: ______________________________ B: OK.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. Create your own dialogs and practice them. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Student A A: Hi Kate. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm.

How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. Tonight. 3. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . 2.31 - . 1.Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.

Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. An < indefinite article (not a specific object. states. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. e. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. used to work in downtown Los Angeles. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals. It isn't _____ easy life. Do not use an article along with countries. So she decided to quit. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. 3. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object.g. . She was ______ honest. transport and places. and become _____ English teacher instead. but it makes her happy.g. The book is on the table.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .g. Yashie has a cat. ______ old friend of my sister. provinces.g. but she hated her job. 2. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. Kristy. Jasper is an engineer. one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. e. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant.

I always take mine straight up. what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. How do you like it? With tonic. Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. B: __________________________________ A: Yes. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. Gaines. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. B: A: Fine. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. B: Whisky is my favorite.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ______________________________. Student A Student B A: Mr. but it just tastes better that way. Gaines. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. or on the rocks? You name it. B: A: Well. . A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. too. no thanks. I could go for a martini. glad to see you. would you? . I’d prefer a gin tonight. but very dry. A: Well.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I ordered a whisky. B: Sure.

But now I don’t have to. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. 5. Here we are.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. I hope you like it. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. I.34 - . But now I don’t want to. Mine’s Sally. I’m sure I will. Thanks me for am. sorry am I late am helping. Have you been to Singapore before? No. Are You right. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. 1. 3. 1. I had to bring my books to school. Sally Dunes. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. 2. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. 2. Only if you really want to. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. You can come to the party with me. I’m heading that way. I wanted to walk to work. Pleased to meet you too. Well. 4. Pleased to meet you. this is my first visit. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. 3. .

My children can dance and sing. 4. They were able to meet their expectations. 7. 6. Teddy was able to work yesterday. 4. 5.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . 9. Heading 2. . 2. Just give her enough time. 1. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. 8. I think Tessa is able to do it. Visit 3. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. 2. 1. 3. We are able to memorize the speech. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. She can solve math problems quickly. 1. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Accent a) pronunciation. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. 3. I can bake chocolate cookies well. Maria is able to speak Korean. You can take one if you like. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability.

Let me take you there.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Can I help you? B: ____ . A: ____________________________. . A: ____________________________. B: Yes I am. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. Student A A: Hi. A: Yeah it is. A: It’s at the main door.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Hope you find the place has everything you need. A: Here we are. Say. B: ______________________________. are you new here? B: ___________________________________. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. I can’t find the baggage department. please. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. B: I’m sure it does.

French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Mara? B: Well. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. That sounds exciting. Discuss these questions.37 - . It’s my dream to speak Spanish. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. . What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. 1. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. B: Yeah. 2.Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. A: Lucky you. I’ve saved money. B: Great! Good luck to you. 3.

Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2. Rule 3: Making predictions e. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense.g. _______________________________________________________________ 3.g. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e. Enroll e) natural. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. _______________________________________________________________ 4.g. 1. 1. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city. I’m going to finish my thesis._______________________________________________________________ 2. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time.________________________________________________________________ . _______________________________________________________________ 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Exciting d) reserve. Native c) register 4. to keep safe 5.

Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. I find it quite difficult. still working on it.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I’ll let you know later. B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. I started learning Spanish in January. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. . A: _______________________________ B: A little.

So winking means you like somebody? Yes. 8. 6. They warn the passengers. 5. 2. They saved a 1000 dollars. she’s looking this way. 3.40 - . 4. Body language plays a vital role in communication. They warned the passengers. They pay us a huge amount. Stress the underlined word. 3. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. I’m going over and asking her on a date. Okay. Good luck! . Hens laid eggs.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. Hens lay eggs. 1. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. Notice the differences. it’s called body language. They save a 1000 dollars. 2. They paid us a huge amount. 1. Discuss these questions. 7. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Pete. Hold on Brian.

Where ______________________________________________________? 3. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. What _______________________________________________________? . How ________________________________________________________? 6. repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Who ________________________________________________________? 4. When _______________________________________________________? 2. 1. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended.

B: Oh. A: Oh. A: Oh. B: As a matter of fact. he’s still behind you now. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. I saw you waving your hand at me. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . B: That’s okay. OK. I’m sorry. A: _______________________________.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: ________________________________. A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: Hi. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways. I was waving at my dad behind you. Create your own dialogs and practice them. B: ________________________________.

Professor Brooklyn is here. 1. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. 3. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. I think so.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 2. 4. I haven’t.43 - . What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Hmm… let me practice bowing. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. but there’s one thing I noticed. He seems really nice. I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. the new student from Korea? No. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim.

_____________________________________________________________________ 5. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. 3. too. (Neither does Peter. (So do cats and dogs. 6. Iverson didn’t know either. When we dream. Mr. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. 2. 1. If you drink alcohol. we move our eyes about. Peter doesn’t know. _____________________________________________________________________. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. I think reading English books is fun. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. 8. 1. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. either. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. 5.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 7. _____________________________________________________________________. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. Watching English TV shows is fun too.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. 2. _____________________________________________________________________ . it will interfere with your dreams. 4.) He doesn’t know the answer. Smoking isn’t good for our health. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard.

I just got home last night. B: Yeah. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. B: Well.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. B: Yeah. maybe because it’s hot there. A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. . A: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice.m. I did.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. There are beautiful beaches everywhere.

The mice jumped over the cup. Joe: See. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. Liz: Asians are short. Please shut the door. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Discuss these questions. Liz: Hmm. Joe: I don’t think so. 3. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall. 1. 3. 2.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds.Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. 2. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. taller than most basketball players. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. They shook their heads. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. 1.46 - . Liz: You’re right Joe! . Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative.

Kim for it. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. She works hard __________ of her backache. 3. e. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. she keeps asking me to do her reports. ________ she knew he was not good looking. 2. even though. 10.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. Positive idea 6. he still scolded Mr. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. e. 9. Although the CEO knew it was Mr.g. 6. ________ of poverty. 1. 7. she agreed to marry him. __________ he’s the President’s son. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. Although: in spite of the fact that.g. 8. Park’s mistake. .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. ___________ my advice. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. is not something really controlled. Exist 5. he’s now a successful medical doctor. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. Imply 3. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. he works as a doorman. she decided to go away. Mistaken 4. in spite of. 4. Instant 2. 1. 5.

A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. And he is very strict like him. Bye! . nice to see you here. Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. you’ll be fine. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. you must watch out. he’s our boss’ son. I didn’t mean to scare you. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh. I haven’t.48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. B: _______________________________ A: No. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. I know.

5. Really? Yeah. You could have taken the leftovers home. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag.49 - . 2. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. I guess I won’t be staying here too long. but it was too heavy. . How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. 4. 3. 1. A: Oh.

________________________________________. 5. 3.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 4. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. ________________________________________. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. . 2. Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. coffee cream 7. tea 3. ________________________________________. glasses of milk 5. 4. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. 2. 1. ________________________________________. women 2. soda 4. 1. ________________________________________. words 6. 3. ________________________________________. Examples: 1.

She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. A: ______________________________. B: __________________________________ A: Sure. can you please get one.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . A: _____________________________. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. I’ll pay my share later. Let’s bring a Merlot. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: To Kelly’s house. Create your own dialogs and practice them.

Actually. 2. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. I would love to. Oh. So when can I start? As soon as you register. but I’m quite busy these days. would you like to join me? Well. It’s just meditation. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. 1.52 - . it’s more than that. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. isn’t it? Not really. that sounds relaxing. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. 3. 5. Thanks! . Say.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. The class is only twice a week. 4. Here’s the form.

__________ I don’t know the answer either.in a …. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. Register e) no meat diet 6. The painting looks real. He needs it badly. The flowers are beautiful. actually 3. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. Kind 6. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. 5.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 3. Samson. wholly.g. choose and write the best answer for each blank. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. Quite d) frequently. in agreement 2. e.way etc. __________ I won the lotto. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. 1. Quick 2. Quality a) synchronization. Honest 5. feature 4. 1. 1. __________ give this report to Mr. 2. Harmony c) characteristic. habitually 5. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. She _________ got up and walked way. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. They were painted ____________. 4. Vegetarian diet b) completely. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’.

B: Oh. I have. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. they hate exercising. Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . A: ____________________________. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Usually she goes before work. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . A: ____________________________. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well. B: _________________________________. A: . B: She goes to aerobics class. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. A: ___________________________ B: Sure.

4. . 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. She’s tall and slim. 5. Liz! B: Hello. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. 3. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. She’s not tall or slim. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. B: Wow. Nat. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. see for yourself. A: Well. 3. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. she must be very pretty. A: Hi. 2. 2. 1.55 - . He’s of average height and has green eyes.

and Dinah doesn’t.g.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Enjoy 5. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. and weight. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. e. height. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose. Slim 4. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. They ______ both tall. They _______ about 15 years old. Curly 3. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . Average 2. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. They look exactly alike.

He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. He works at Joy Research Agency. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. today. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome.m. B: ________________________________ A: Wait. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. He’s my boss.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . I think I know the guy. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. A: __________________________ B: What!? .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight.

opposites attract. 2. 2. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. aunt 8. niece 10. 6. 4. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. You are probably right. cousin 12. 3. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. nephew 11. We are just too similar. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. You know what they say. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. Only if I’m lucky. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. 3. 5. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. 4. . 1. I sometimes wonder how they even got married.58 - . uncle 9. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. 1.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. She buys me nice things all the time. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better.

4. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from.g. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1. A tile has come off the floor.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 5. 2. Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from. Our apartment building is off the Main Street. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. 5. e.g. 2. 3. 4. 3. 1. e.

They’ll spend a week with us. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. B: Yeah it is.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . A: ______________________________. Now I know where to bring them. I’ll take them to the lake. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. B: ________________________________. A: I’m sure they will. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. .isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. A: That will be nice. A: ______________________________. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. A: ____________________________. B: I think so too. A: ____________________________. B: Great idea. I’m sure they’ll like it. B: Yeah. B: _____________________________________.

3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. A proper copper coffee pot. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. 4. The swan swam over the pond. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. Now. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. B: Wow. It just seems like yesterday. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1.61 - . Who won the English speech contest? 3. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. 3. time really flies. Sandy Long. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. 1. What did you want to be when you were young? . 2. 3. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. B: Oh. Questions: 1. 2. 5.

6. 2. month and years) 3. 10. . place 2. 3. I got married in July 2003. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. 3. Smith? _________________________________________. 9. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. Where’s Mr. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. When did you get married? __________________________________. Where is your office? ________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. 1.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 4. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. 8. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. What year were you born? ___________________________________. 5. 2. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. a job or a situation 4. a point during a longer period of time (week. 1. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. 5. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. 4. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in. 7.

B: You’d better get their number. B: ___ . it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. They have to know what their son’s doing. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. yesterday.63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . He always ends up hitting his brother. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. A: Kids today are very different. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. A: Well. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. B: ___________________________________. His parents are always out of town. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. B: ______________________________. . A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. A: And. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. B: That’s not nice. A: Sad to say no I haven’t.

A: Sorry Tommy.64 - . A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. 4. A: There must be magic in that place. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. 2. 3. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo. . 1.Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: Yeah I heard. I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah.

Shall we dance? 4. Shall I lend him money? 7. 10. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. 1. Shall I bring her in? 8.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. They shall see us before office hours. Shall I give you my number? 6. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. 9. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. Perfect 3. He shall surely come in a week. 3. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. Hymn 5. . Tie the knot 2. The guests shall come on time. 1. Bare 4. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. It shall be delivered right away.

66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . . A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. I will.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ______________________________ B: Well. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. B: _________________________________ A: So. I’ll see you soon. Belle. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. B: ________________________________ B: Ted. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. DZFM plays that song over and over again. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. I love music. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. Student A A: Say. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too. thanks for bringing me here. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure.

. 3. 2. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her. 4. 1. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. She’s no longer a friend of mine. A: Nah. B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.67 - . When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. she’s not the one.

butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. 3. Examples: There is some bread on the table. 1. 1. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. There isn’t any bread on the table. both for countable and uncountable. We use any in negative sentences. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition.” 1. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. The _____ CEO started his own company. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. 2. 2. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. 3. both for countable and uncountable. Love is __________. Therefore she’s a distant _________.

B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. Student A Student B A: Greg. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. B: . B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. we’re both busy with our careers. . I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. A: Yeah.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. A: Yeah. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. They were the most popular band back then. . A: ________________________________. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. B: Same here.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . I still have it with me. B: _____________________________________. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. A: Well. B: ________________________________. I’m glad I bumped into you today. the R2 Band. B: Well. A: ________________________________. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will. A: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. Mr. B: A: That’s great. It’s been ten years. Rice works there as the information officer. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. Maurice. By the way. Mary’s coming over this weekend.

dictionary _ 9.Martin Luther King Jr.Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have. we must do what is required. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has." . If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6." . 4." . business _ 10." ." . Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) . 3. 1. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3.Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault. table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. we will remember not the words of our enemies. 1." . (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake. 2." .70 - .Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best. clothing _ 8.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End. but the silence of our friends." . 5. clothes _ 7.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible.

Examples: 1. so he’s works as a driver. 4. so I usually burn the food.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . (cook/not well) . My sister ________________________________. Woods is good at playing golf. so she goes flying every weekend. 5. I ____________________________________. She ____________________________________. (really good/ flying a plane). Select two famous people and describe them. (really good/skating) 2. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. 1. (driving/really good) 4. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. 2. She does not play golf well. Martin _________________________________. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. so she plays hockey everyday. 1. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. (play golf/not very well) 3.

Donald is asking me to work with him. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. Student A Student B A: Hi. I received a lot of death threats. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: . it does sound like a stressful job.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . President! . B: I know. That way I feel safe and secure. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. B: Mr. B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. B: ______________________________ A: Lately. I can’t sleep. I did. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . Kurt. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him.

It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. Ring me up if you have any other questions. No problem. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. 4. UC and Loma Linda. it’s more affordable than most other schools. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below.73 - . Good! I have to check that out. Thanks. 2. 3. I’ve never heard of that school. . Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. I think Loma Linda is better.

She’s ____________________ two lovers. Medical professionals 3. Affordable 4. great 4. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. beautiful 2. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ .t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ . 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. crazy 3. 1. David Bloom shirts are on sale. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. 2. within your means c) pleased. reasonable 9. good 10. affordable 8. Caught between 2. handsome 5. nice 7. The prices are reasonable and ___________. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. wonderful 6.74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. My sister works in the register’s office. . A: __________________________ B: Thank you. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. I heard admission is very tough there. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I’ll tell him that when I get home. B: _____________________________ A: Well. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. it is. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. A: What university did you graduate from.

m. That sounds like a mess. j. v. k. That explains the line-up. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b. w. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. 3. n. 3. 2. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. They are the following: 1. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules.76 - . . A: I see. 2. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. p. z and with the letter combination th. g. r. Well. l. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. 1.

1. get 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. 8. 9. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. take 5. 3.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . work 2. 4. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. have ask write 7. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. lift 3. 5. shut 6. read . 2.

B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. A: Yes. A: ______________________________. B: Thanks. A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’ll be back in a minute. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. A: _______________________________. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. . B: Thanks. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. B: . A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. B: _____________________________________. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. A: ____________________________. I appreciate your help.78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. B: What? You mean the registration form? . B: _________________________________ . . A: _____________________________. B: Actually I’m almost there.

B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. _________________ 2. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to.79 - . just the one inside the Trade Mall. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. 2. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before. . I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. ______________ 3. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. 1. 3.

The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. 6. 4. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. 5. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. We should work hard. 2. I’ve just read a good book ________________. She __________ do a lot of extra reading. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 1. Literature d) lately 5. text 4. Recently c) something to read. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. .80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . We __________ take a nap after lunch. 2. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. 1. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. On sale a) work of fiction 2. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. 3. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 7.

A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. A: That would be nice. A: ____________________________. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . A: ____________________________. I’m sure you’ll find one there. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. B: ______________________________. B: Don’t mention it. B: ____ . A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. A: ____________________________. I can lend you my discount card. B: Yeah. The book is quite expensive. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there.

Where is the boot? 6. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. I searched the net. What does “fate” mean? 4. RUTH ROOT Anger. 3. A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. Like a mouse. What does “wrath” mean? b. 1. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. What is a bath for? b. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. What is a bat for? 2. a. How do you spell “mat”? 5. To play ball. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. I wonder what the prerequisites are. a.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. a. a. 4. a. 2. a. How do you spell “both” b.82 - . a. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. A: I’ll do that. How do you spell “boat” 3. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). The student says the matching answer. Where is the booth? b. How do you spell “Root”? 7. B: Try the telephone directory. . I’m sure it has the number. 1. What does “faith” mean? b. How do you spell “math”? b.

5. 3. 1.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . ______________________________________________. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. I won’t be late. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. 3. . 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 4. 5. ill-fated c) Abbr. ______________________________________________. Examples: I’ll do that. ______________________________________________. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 1. 2. 4. Some things will never change.

I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I took that last semester. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. Student A Student B A: Hello. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. Registrar’s Office. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. . A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ________________________________ A: It says here. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. I submitted all the required documents they asked for.

A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. The dogs scare every cat. Some speakers bored us. 5. 4. 1. two days to cram everything into my head! . B: Yeah.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Do you think they cared about politics? a. We admire all you work. They fear every animal. They feared every animal. We admired all you work a. 6. They poured milk into the glass. b. They closed everything a. Student: Present. 3. a. 1. They hire new employees on Friday. Some speakers bore us. b. I don’t like numbers. They close everything. a. b. b. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. 2. a. Oh boy. 2. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 3. a. b. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. b. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class.85 - . 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. a. 7. 8. Do you think they care about politics? b. The dogs scared every cat. They hired new employees on Friday. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. They pour milk into the glass. b.

2. Midterm 3. Cram 4. . 1. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator. 5.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . _______________________________________________. problem d)hardly. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. 4. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. Finals 5. _______________________________________________. Bother 2. Examples: I must remember her name. 3.

but no. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. but you’ve only got two hours to do it. I should study now. A: ______________________________. Mr. B: Thanks. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. B: I didn’t hear about it. A: _____________________________. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. . Kim announced it last week. A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. B: No. A: If you need some help. I can manage on my own.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. I was absent that day. . A: Well you should. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. B: . I’d be happy to help you. B: Yeah. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. A: _______________________________. It looks like I have to cram tonight. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. B: __________________________________ .

1. 3. 9. 24/02/07 V. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality. 7. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. Sincerely yours.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. After her schooling. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. 8. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 1. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. 2. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter.88 - . she continued to keep in touch with me. 4. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. 3. 5. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors .

Fame 5. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. The presentation was _____ long. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. You are _____ beautiful. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. 4. It’s not good for his health. He drinks ______ much. Sorry. The food’s not enough for four people. The room is good _________ for two. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. 6. 7. enough (not enough) or very.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. 1. Is the food ________ for you? 10. Determined 3. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. 1. Examples: The letter was too long. 9. I am _________ eager to see you. She’s _____ good to be true. I am ______ happy to meet you.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Recommend 2. 8. 5. 3. Wealth 4. 2. . but that’s _________ for us.

A: We’re going to miss you so much. You won’t even notice that I’m not here. B: ___________________________________. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. Student B A: . have a seat please.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. B: ______________________________. B: I know. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. I never thought I’d get it. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. . I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. A: I believe so. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. A: ____________________________. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . I believe his recommendation helped the decision. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. so grab it. I can’t say how pleased I am. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. A: ____________________________. I was surprised to hear the news myself. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Thank you. A: ____________________________. l o o h c S 5 ti n U .

1. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. _________________. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. Underline the stressed words. My name’s Mr. 1. but it’s not too big. Isaac? A: Yes. 2. 1. B: Listen and practice the each word below. though. put pot but pin hut 5. 3. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. 3. Lee of PWBC. 2. His office is just right there! A: Sir. and it’s not very expensive. bit but dip date pit 3. ______________________________________ Mr. Singapore is pretty safe to go. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. phone cone hole hot hit 4. It’s a fairly big building. can pain pan man mane 2.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: It’ll be there in a minute. ______________________? B: Yes. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. .91 - . I do. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. How may I help you? B: ____________________. B: ____________________ Sir. She’s not very pretty.. she’s really funny. B: Thanks.

Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. 4. There are a few apples left in the box. 5. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . Just ____________ errors were made. 5. oranges 3. _______ butter on my bread. 1. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. 4. 3. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. 2. make up 4. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 1. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. 2. books 5. please. flour 2. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. 3.

93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. Tunney. Bolton will be here in a minute. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. let me take that. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. Long time no see. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. Let me get you an ashtray. I’m fine. B: ________________________________ A: Here. Benjamin. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. Tunney. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . not at all. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. No cream and just sugar please. please. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. Everything’s well in the market. Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. We’re happy to have you here Mr. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Mr. I will. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr.

The ______run fast. (price) 5.94 - .Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. Me too! A: And this is Grace. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. I’m really excited about working with all of you. You need to pay the ________. Thanks. He has worked with us since last year. She’s the youngest employee in this office. B: Hi Teddy. I go to yoga class ________ a week. Pleased to meet you. (ties) 3. (nice) 4. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. 4. She’s a ________ person. B: Thanks Cindy. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. (mice) 2. B: Thanks Harry. A: This is your cubicle here. B: Wow! This is great. 2. This is Teddy Crams. . A: Good morning Jay. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. These ______ are too fancy for me. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. 1. Welcome to the sales department.

Employee c) one that is the least old 4. Floor d) worker. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. (your colleagues) 4. Example: It is on the table. ( Adrian) 10. (Mr. ______ works hard. The subjective pronouns are: I. ______ are talkative. ______ is a principle not a feeling. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. ______ do the presentation in a little while. Humps) 8. you. (you) 7. ______ are going to attend the meeting. ( your daughter) 6. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. we. 1. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. (love) . and they. Cubicle a) ground. she. (You and Jeff) 3. ( an owl) 2. story 2. a booth 3. Youngest b) a workspace. ______ keeps the records. it. 1. (the secretary) 5.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . he. ______ will wash the dishes. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions.

Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. He’s very friendly. A: ____________________________. A: This is Rachel. I started working in this company last summer. she’s an intern. B: Thanks Ralph. B: _________________________________ A: By the way. she’s our data encoder. B: ____ . Let me introduce you to our staff. our custodian. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. Edwards secretary. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. B: ___________________________________. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. B: Hope so too Rachel. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. B: _________________________________ A: Great. B: Sure. A: ____________________________. A: . Rachel: Hi Linda. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. this is Lisa. Thanks. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. A: This is Andy. she’s Mr. welcome to the team. Thanks! .

to name a few. A: Say. who makes the final decision? In your department. 3. 4. A: That really sounds interesting. negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. 4. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. A: Hi Marianne. 1.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. . auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. I’m still trying to figure things out. 3. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. prepare sales presentations. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson.97 - . Describe your current job. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. I arrange appointments with clients. 5. 2. 2. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company.

Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. Receptionist b) demanding. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. Take one if you like. 7. I need __________ time to finish my report. 1. 4. Examples: There is much food on my plate. Don’t eat too _____________. I _________________ customer complaints.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 9. 8. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. tough 3. Have some _______________. 10. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2. There are more female workers than male workers. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 2. 3. 5. There are _____________ cookies. 6. 3. . Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. 1. Doing business presentation is __________________. 2. 1.

Jefferson’s new secretary. Jade. B: A: Tiring. Jefferson. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. I’m Mr. I work in the research department. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. B: Oh. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? . B: . A: Say. Student A Student B A: Hi. Unfortunately. it does. South America is a very beautiful place. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. By doing so. A: ________________________________. yet exciting. Jefferson. I arrange meetings for Mr. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. B: I’m Jade. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. I’m Anne Bowles. A: ________________________________. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. Anne. we can keep our share in the world market. B: Nice to meet you too. then you are the person I should talk to. B: ___________________________________. . B: _____________________________________. A: Yeah. A: Nice to meet you. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U .

what have you done? 3. eel ill 5. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. 1. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . Breezy 6. 3. Michelle: Okay. 2. I would have told Mary to leave. Michael: Sure. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. sheep 4. sleep ship slip 2. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. because of the delay at our production plant. Neat knit 3. You should have been thrifty. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. 1.100 - . 2. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. Michael: Hey you look tired. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. I’ll be back later this afternoon. 1.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Look.

I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 3.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. Overseas a) losing out 2. in a foreign country 4. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying. 1. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. 1. Vocabulary c) out of the country. Expect e) words. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. 5. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. 2. . 2. 1. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. I have to travel _____________ this summer. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. 4. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. 1. I could be a journalist ________________________________________.

0921. Say. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . What about you. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. Thank you for the invitation. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. A: No. but I have to feed my children. so we eat out most of the time. we don’t eat too often at home. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. Mr. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. B: __________________________________. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. B: Sorry. A: Can you call Mr. but I don’t have his number. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. too. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. B: I hate doing the dishes at home. B: __________________________________. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. We both have busy careers. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. . Ford of Office Supplies. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

The boat/coat is by the seashore. 1. My boss loves reading/riding books. 1. The boys clock/clap their hands. . visas and immunization requirements. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. 3. This process can take up to eight weeks.and the sooner the better. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. Don’t talk/take too much. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. The shoes feet/fit my feet. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. It won’t do any good. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet . 1) Passports.106 - . 5. 2. 4.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.

I fight for freedom. _________________________________________________________________ 2. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. She did lots of amazing paintings. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. _________________________________________________________________ 4. She was an Asian artist. Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. I am a woman. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. It stars Sandra White. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. Examples: The book is about a woman. 1.107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 3. _________________________________________________________________ 3. 1. 4. It’s a drama.g. She saved her parents marriage. _________________________________________________________________ .4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. She frees the slaves. It’s about a girl. friendship). 2.

A: _______________________________. They have a big duty free shopping mall. of course.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: __________________________________ A: Sure. may I help you? A: ______________________________. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. sir. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. B: Sure.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. please. B: I’m Mr. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. I’m afraid I’m lost. A: My pleasure. B: _____________________________________. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. Student B A: ________________________________. It’s only a five minute walk. can I help you? B: ________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. If you get off at the city hall station. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. B: By the way. please. B: Thank you. Fill-in this form please. Davis of Room #1113. . A: Yes. one more thing please. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello.

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