Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

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Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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1. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. Bye. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Hi. -4- . Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. 3.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Bye. It’s Rob. 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. Can I take a message? Yes. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Thanks for the help. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. I’m afraid he’s not. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. please.

3. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. 4. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. 1) Annoy a) new. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 2. 1. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. In the past. We’ve just lowered our prices. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. 1. 5. I had a job interview yesterday. patients. visitors. Our fax number has changed. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. An ambulance took David to the hospital. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2.

How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. please. Miss Oh. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. Goodbye. this is Keira. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . JSG. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. Student A Student B A: Good morning. B: __________________________ A: Sure. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. Goodbye. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. Bye. Mother and Sons. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. Student A A: Good morning.

A: Oh…okay. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. A: Bye.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. -7- . 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. I can take your message. how may we help you? A: Hello. I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. B: Okay.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. B: Giefan Research Company. B: I’m sorry ma’am. B: Bye. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. Could you put me on line 3 please. She’s in a meeting right now. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting.

you can use will not or won’t. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 2. 3. The product with the better-known brand name. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. won’t or would. We will refund you the money. She refuses to accept my proposal. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. The car won’t start. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. Promises 1. 1. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. inevitably sells better than other products. Activity 1 3. Refusal. 6. 4. She refuses to accept his authority. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I promise to do my homework. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. Harvey phoned? 2. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer.

Mr. he can’t make it to the office today. B: Hi. B: Really? Well.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: That’s too bad. A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: . But I’m afraid Mr. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. Well then. this is I was expecting Mr. B: _____________________________________. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. yes. A: Oh. A: Of course. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: Hi. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. Oh has been expecting your email. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back. Student A Student B A: Mr. Oh’s call. but haven’t got a call from him yet. A: Well. A: Ah. B: . A: ____________________________. may I talk to Mr. A: ______________________________. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. A: Mr. . A: _____________________________. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. may I help you? B: . B: . Oh’s office. Oh. Oh’s office. this is kind of urgent too. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. B: Thank you.

That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center.10 - . 2. as you know. 1. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. Vince. We feel your proposal is very interesting. Well. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. They’re very common here. Jen: Well. But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. I guess that’s not so surprising. Jen: Well. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. Hello. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. Vince: That’s good to hear.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. yes. Vince: Oh. then. Jen: . A sand snake. Vince: Oh. good. 3. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. Jen: Indeed. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. According to our market study. Thanks. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so.

2. 1. 3. . suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. 3. The extent of one’s possibilities c. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. 4. to express gratitude for e. something received after a transaction is made d.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 1. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. to take notice of. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. 5. urgent need b. offer.

indeed. B: A: Well. Student A Student B A: Hi. . Bye. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. A: ______________________________. B: Oh. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. B: ____ A: Yes. B: ____________________________. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. B: . Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. B: Bye. __ . B: Sure. We are interested in your offer. A: _. A: B: My pleasure. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. Snider.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ____________________________? A: Yes. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. yes. . I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. well then. I think so. A: _. Mr. Take your time. A: Yes.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Snider. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. I think so. Student A Student B A: Hello. Thanks for the help. This is Mr. Bob. B: ____________________________. I am sure we can help you with the project. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. We’ll just wait for your call then.

When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. would will ( I will) 1. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. This is Innis speaking. Sure. 2. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. 1. 2. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. . Thank you very much. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. had. I’d be glad to. You’re welcome. He’d prefer to pay cash. Full word did.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. OK. It’s Lance. I’ll send it off now. He’ll prefer to pay cash. Lance. 3.13 - . I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report.

When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . .4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word. e. Annual 5. 1.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 1. a report about the finances of an establishment e. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________.g. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. 5. 3. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite. Current 4. yearly b. Polite 3. 2.g. Wondering a. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. to feel curiosity or doubt d. 4. Financial Report 2. occurring or existing at the present time c.

B: ____________________________ A: Mr. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. C: Hi. A: _________________________ C: Yes. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. I have it with me. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. It’s Candy on the line. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. . Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. Simons please. Simons. Candy. Candy.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. It’s Candy. Student A A: Hi. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. I’d like to speak to Mr. This is Mr. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. hold on. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi.

This is Ron of J&J Korea. sir. My eyes are tired. Brian: It’s great to hear that. Let’s keep in touch through email. Hello. Brian: Hi. Brian: Sure.16 - . 4. Can you put me through to ext. His aunt called.extension * sec . And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. Brian speaking. * ext . 3. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. 2. How nice of you to come! 2. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. 1. Voiced 1.second Ron: . 5. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. 5. Billy left a mess in the sink. Ron: Hello Brian. 2. We eat rice every day. 4. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. Snakes hiss out of fear.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Ron: Yeah.

you can’t. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. . 3. 1. 3. I’m afraid you can’t. but not to refuse permission. They are more formal than can. 4. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. May I use your mobile phone? No. you can. 5. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. 2. If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. 5. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Can I use your computer? Sure. go ahead. 4. enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. May and could are also used to ask for permission.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone. Could I come back later? No. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________. 2. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. 1. Activity Answer the questions.

. I’ll be expecting your call. A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . B: Talk to you later. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. . A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. I went to see a movie with some friends.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute. B: Good. It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. B: ______________________________. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. right after the meeting. I really want to recommend it to everyone. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: ______________________________ B: OK.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .

Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. Oh.19 - . this is my second trip. I am. 3. How’s everything? Not bad. so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. a. How do you spell “police”? 2. What kind of terrain is it? 3. Ben. What kind of train is it? b. Chris. 1. Are you on vacation? Yes. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. . How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’m sure I will. Hello. 1. a. thanks! This is Ben. How are you? Pretty good. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. 2.Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. He’s from Mozambique. How do you spell “forest”? b. a. How do you spell “please”? b. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced.

our.2 . 3.2 . Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. its. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever. it. good. 4. Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. her.4 . 2.5 .2 . Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks.4 . you.1 . his.3 . 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful. their. 1. she. __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.2 . your. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. and they.4 . Possessive adjectives are my. amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. 5. you. Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. we. he. your.4 .

My name’s Brad Cruz. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. You can call me Liz.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around. But please call me Brad. I’m Lisa Tailor. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. . are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. So I will see you there then. B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. Student A A: Hello. A: ____________________________ B: Okay.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.

Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. I really miss this kind of weather. 2. Stress the first syllable. You are lucky for that. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. 4. b) With a stranger while on a trip. . How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests.__________________ 2. 5.22 - . Well. 1. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. c) With a new colleague. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. it’s beautiful. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. In Korea. 3. __________________ 3. 1.

straight. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root. to start 2. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. It is the foundation of the word. Unpleasant g. Direct b. wishful 5. associate 7. 1. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. coworker. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2. not direct. multicolored 4. to begin. probable. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. unicycle 3. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Preference f. a prefix and a suffix. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. Indirect c. Likely e. nasty 6. liking 4. form. nonstop 5.g. unlikable.g. brotherhood . act. (e.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. to be expected 3.g. first choice. Colleague a. Initiate d.g. and test). Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e.

You can knock on my door anytime. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy. Candy Miles. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _____________________________ A: Okay.. A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy.. Okay see you later then. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor.

1. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better. I’m happy for you. Thank you for inviting me. but all is well. You really scared me! 3.m. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. That was wonderful! 2. I’ll see you then. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. What? You were disgusted? 5. but I will definitely be there. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. 2. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. it’s Lee. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . Wonderful.25 - . I’ll see you on Friday then. So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. I see you’ve learned the ropes. Goodness. Great. Read and say the statements below. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. That was exciting! 4. 1. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late.

______________________________. The party was boring.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. 2. I was bored by our boss. _____________________________. I find the documentaries _______________. ______________________________. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. The music sounds exciting. 4. 3. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. 1. . 3. 4. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Our boss was boring. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. Your work was amazing. The novel was fascinating. _____________________________. (interest) 2. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. Create your own dialogs and practice them.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ____________________________ B: Okay. A: ______________________________ B: OK. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. Student A A: Hi Kate. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below.

Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. It’s just next to Pizza Galore.31 - . a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . 1. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. 3. Tonight. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. 2.

BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. but it makes her happy. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. e. 2. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. So she decided to quit. . and become _____ English teacher instead. 3.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .g. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. e. An < indefinite article (not a specific object. states. but she hated her job.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. It isn't _____ easy life. Kristy.g. Yashie has a cat. transport and places. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. ______ old friend of my sister.g. The book is on the table. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals. used to work in downtown Los Angeles. She was ______ honest.g. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. Do not use an article along with countries. provinces. Jasper is an engineer.

. B: __________________________________ A: Yes. Gaines. glad to see you. no thanks. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. How do you like it? With tonic. I’d prefer a gin tonight. B: A: Fine. B: A: Well. A: _____________________________. A: ____________________________. but very dry. Gaines. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. B: Whisky is my favorite. Student A Student B A: Mr. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. or on the rocks? You name it. I could go for a martini. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. I always take mine straight up. A: ______________________________. A: Well. but it just tastes better that way.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . too. what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I ordered a whisky. would you? . Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.

. Are You right.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. I wanted to walk to work. Mine’s Sally. You can come to the party with me. 1. sorry am I late am helping. I’m heading that way. Pleased to meet you. Pleased to meet you too. I’m sure I will. Here we are. 3. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. Sally Dunes.34 - . 2. Well. I. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. I had to bring my books to school. 5. this is my first visit. 3. 1. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. Have you been to Singapore before? No. 4. I hope you like it. But now I don’t have to. 2. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. Only if you really want to. But now I don’t want to. Thanks me for am. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me.

5. 3. Visit 3. 8. Just give her enough time. 9. Teddy was able to work yesterday. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. We are able to memorize the speech. 1. They were able to meet their expectations. Heading 2. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. 2. 1. You can take one if you like. Accent a) pronunciation. 7. 2. 4. 3. I think Tessa is able to do it. 4. Maria is able to speak Korean. I can bake chocolate cookies well. 1. 6. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. My children can dance and sing.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. She can solve math problems quickly. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability.

B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . are you new here? B: ___________________________________. I can’t find the baggage department. A: Here we are. A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ______________________________. B: Yes I am. Let me take you there. please. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. Say. A: Yeah it is. Can I help you? B: ____ . Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. B: I’m sure it does. . Student A A: Hi. Hope you find the place has everything you need. A: It’s at the main door. A: ____________________________.

1. I’ve saved money. That sounds exciting. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. Mara? B: Well. It’s my dream to speak Spanish. Discuss these questions.Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 2. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. 3.37 - . A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. B: Great! Good luck to you. B: Yeah. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. . A: Lucky you.

Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense. I’m going to finish my thesis. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. _______________________________________________________________ 5. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time._______________________________________________________________ 2. 1. 1.________________________________________________________________ .g.g.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Enroll e) natural. Rule 3: Making predictions e. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. _______________________________________________________________ 4. Native c) register 4.g. to keep safe 5. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2. _______________________________________________________________ 3. Exciting d) reserve.

39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. I’ll let you know later.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. A: _______________________________ B: A little. . I started learning Spanish in January. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm. Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. still working on it. A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. I find it quite difficult. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea.

6. Hens lay eggs. 1. 5. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. Discuss these questions. she’s looking this way. They pay us a huge amount. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. Pete. it’s called body language. They saved a 1000 dollars. Stress the underlined word. 2. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. Hold on Brian. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. Body language plays a vital role in communication.40 - . 3. They warned the passengers. They paid us a huge amount. Good luck! . 2. 3. Hens laid eggs. 7. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. Notice the differences. They save a 1000 dollars. They warn the passengers. 8. 4. 1. Okay. I’m going over and asking her on a date. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.

Who ________________________________________________________? 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended. Where ______________________________________________________? 3.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Why ________________________________________________________? 5. When _______________________________________________________? 2. repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. What _______________________________________________________? . How ________________________________________________________? 6.

B: That’s okay. B: Oh. I’m sorry. A: _______________________________. B: As a matter of fact. I saw you waving your hand at me. OK. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ .42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: Oh. I was waving at my dad behind you. Student A Student B A: Hi. A: Oh. Create your own dialogs and practice them. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. A: _______________________________. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. B: ________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. he’s still behind you now. B: ________________________________.

Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect.43 - . I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. He seems really nice. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. the new student from Korea? No. 1.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. but there’s one thing I noticed. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. 3. Professor Brooklyn is here. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Hmm… let me practice bowing. I haven’t. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. 2. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . I think so. 4.

) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. If you drink alcohol. too. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. I think reading English books is fun.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 2. Peter doesn’t know.) He doesn’t know the answer. we move our eyes about. _____________________________________________________________________ . Watching English TV shows is fun too. either. Iverson didn’t know either. (So do cats and dogs. (Neither does Peter. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. 5. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Smoking isn’t good for our health. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. When we dream. it will interfere with your dreams. 7.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . 2. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. 1. Mr. 3. 8. 4. 3. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. 6. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. 1. _____________________________________________________________________. _____________________________________________________________________. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit.

A: ____________________________. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. B: Yeah. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon.m. I did. B: Well. B: Yeah. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice. A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. maybe because it’s hot there. A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . . There are beautiful beaches everywhere. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. I just got home last night. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. B: ____ . B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p.

3. Please shut the door. 2. They shook their heads. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Liz: Asians are short. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. Discuss these questions. Liz: You’re right Joe! . What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. 2. The mice jumped over the cup. 3. 1.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. Joe: See. 1. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. Joe: I don’t think so. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. Liz: Hmm. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names.46 - .Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. taller than most basketball players. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall.

The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. Exist 5. 1. is not something really controlled.g. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. in spite of. Positive idea 6. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. Park’s mistake. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. he still scolded Mr.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 9. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. . e. Kim for it. she decided to go away. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. 10. ___________ my advice. 6. he works as a doorman. Instant 2. Mistaken 4. Imply 3. Although: in spite of the fact that.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .g. e. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. 3. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. 2. 4. she keeps asking me to do her reports. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. he’s now a successful medical doctor. __________ he’s the President’s son. She works hard __________ of her backache. she agreed to marry him. 5. 8. ________ of poverty. ________ she knew he was not good looking. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. even though. 1. 7. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject.

Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. nice to see you here. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. he’s our boss’ son.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I know. Bye! .48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. B: _______________________________ A: No. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. you must watch out. I didn’t mean to scare you. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah. you’ll be fine. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh. And he is very strict like him. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. I haven’t.

4. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. 5. but it was too heavy. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. You could have taken the leftovers home. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. . 3. I guess I won’t be staying here too long.49 - . 2. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag.Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. Really? Yeah. A: Oh.

Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. ________________________________________. 1.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . coffee cream 7. 4. glasses of milk 5. Examples: 1. 1. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. ________________________________________. 3. 4. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. . ________________________________________. soda 4. 3.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. 5. ________________________________________. 2. tea 3. women 2. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. words 6. 2.

I’ll pay my share later. Create your own dialogs and practice them. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. B: To Kelly’s house. Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. Let’s bring a Merlot. A: _____________________________. A: ______________________________. can you please get one.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.

but I’m quite busy these days. it’s more than that. isn’t it? Not really. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. It’s just meditation. Say. Here’s the form. Actually. Thanks! . 3. The class is only twice a week. would you like to join me? Well. I would love to. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. that sounds relaxing.52 - . Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. Oh. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. 5. 4.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. So when can I start? As soon as you register. 2.

Quality a) synchronization. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. Quite d) frequently.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . __________ I won the lotto. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. The flowers are beautiful. feature 4. in agreement 2.g. The painting looks real. Vegetarian diet b) completely. actually 3.in a …. 1. She _________ got up and walked way. Samson. __________ I don’t know the answer either. __________ give this report to Mr. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . 5. Kind 6. 1. e. wholly. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. Harmony c) characteristic. Quick 2. He needs it badly. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. habitually 5. 3. 2. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. 1. They were painted ____________. 4. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’.way etc. Register e) no meat diet 6.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Honest 5. choose and write the best answer for each blank.

Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. A: .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. B: _________________________________. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. B: She goes to aerobics class. they hate exercising. A: ____________________________. Usually she goes before work. I have. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: Oh. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well.

2. Nat. . B: Wow. A: Hi. She’s not tall or slim. 3. She’s tall and slim. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 2. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. 1. 3. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. 5. she must be very pretty. He’s of average height and has green eyes. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. A: Well. 4. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes.55 - . They both have short black hair and brown eyes. see for yourself. Liz! B: Hello. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.

e. They look exactly alike. Enjoy 5. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. Curly 3. They _______ about 15 years old. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have. 1. and weight.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.g.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose. Average 2. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . Slim 4. and Dinah doesn’t. They ______ both tall. height. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age.

B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. I think I know the guy. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: __________________________ B: What!? . Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p.m. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. today. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. He’s my boss. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight. He works at Joy Research Agency. B: ________________________________ A: Wait.

niece 10. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. but he is just the total opposite of my mom.58 - . Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. 3. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. 1. 6. cousin 12. We are just too similar. 4. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. 5. 2. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. 4. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. You know what they say. Only if I’m lucky. . 1.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. nephew 11. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. 3. She buys me nice things all the time. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. opposites attract. 2. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. You are probably right. uncle 9. aunt 8. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better.

e.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from. 4. 4. e.g. A tile has come off the floor. 3. 1. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. Our apartment building is off the Main Street. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ .g. 3. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1. 5. 5. 2.

isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: _____________________________________. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. B: ________________________________. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Yeah. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. A: I’m sure they will. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. I’ll take them to the lake. I’m sure they’ll like it. They’ll spend a week with us. B: Yeah it is. Now I know where to bring them. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. . A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________. B: Great idea. B: I think so too. A: That will be nice. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. A: ______________________________. A: ____________________________. B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting.

The swan swam over the pond. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. It just seems like yesterday.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. Questions: 1. Sandy Long. A proper copper coffee pot. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. Now. B: Wow. 3. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. 1. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. 5. B: Oh. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. 3. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. 2. 2. time really flies. Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. Who won the English speech contest? 3. 4. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below.61 - . Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. What did you want to be when you were young? .

2. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. 9. 6. 4. 8. 2. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. Where is your office? ________________________________________. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in. 1. month and years) 3. 3. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. When did you get married? __________________________________. 3. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. 10. 4. place 2. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 5. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. Where’s Mr. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. What year were you born? ___________________________________. Smith? _________________________________________. . 1. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. I got married in July 2003.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 7. 5. a point during a longer period of time (week. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. a job or a situation 4.

63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. His parents are always out of town. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. A: ____________________________. B: ___________________________________. it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. They have to know what their son’s doing. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. B: You’d better get their number. A: And.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. A: Kids today are very different. He always ends up hitting his brother. A: Well. . A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. B: ___ . But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. B: ______________________________. B: That’s not nice. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. yesterday. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong.

Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah.64 - . B: Yeah I heard. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo. 1. . 3. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: Sorry Tommy. A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. A: There must be magic in that place. 4. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. 2. I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning.

Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. 2. 3. Tie the knot 2. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Hymn 5.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . The guests shall come on time.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Shall I lend him money? 7. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Shall I give you my number? 6. Perfect 3. 10. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. 1. It shall be delivered right away. 1. Bare 4. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. Shall we dance? 4. He shall surely come in a week. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. . They shall see us before office hours. 9. Shall I bring her in? 8.

have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. I will. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. A: ______________________________ B: Well. I love music. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . . I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. B: _________________________________ A: So. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. Student A A: Say. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. DZFM plays that song over and over again. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. B: ________________________________ B: Ted. I’ll see you soon. Belle. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. thanks for bringing me here. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too.

B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: Nah. 4. she’s not the one. 2. . B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. 3. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. 1.67 - . She’s no longer a friend of mine.

The _____ CEO started his own company. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition. butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. 1. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. both for countable and uncountable. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece. We use any in negative sentences. There isn’t any bread on the table. 3. 2. Examples: There is some bread on the table. Love is __________. both for countable and uncountable.” 1. 3. 2. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. Therefore she’s a distant _________. 1. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .

it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. It’s been ten years. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. A: ________________________________. Mary’s coming over this weekend. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. I still have it with me. B: Same here. They were the most popular band back then. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. By the way. B: _____________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Maurice. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. Rice works there as the information officer. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. A: Well. A: ________________________________. B: Well. B: A: That’s great. . A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. the R2 Band.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. . B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. Mr. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will. we’re both busy with our careers. B: ________________________________. Student A Student B A: Greg. A: Yeah. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . A: _____________________________. A: ________________________________. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. B: . I’m glad I bumped into you today. A: Yeah.

clothing _ 8." . but the silence of our friends.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) . table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. 1.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible. clothes _ 7. we must do what is required.70 - . 3." . What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has. If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best. (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake." ." . 1." . we will remember not the words of our enemies.dictionary _ 9. 2.Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have. 4. business _ 10. 5." .Martin Luther King Jr. Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2.Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory.Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6." ." .

71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . (really good/skating) 2. She ____________________________________. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. so she goes flying every weekend. (driving/really good) 4. so I usually burn the food. 5. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. (really good/ flying a plane). I ____________________________________. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. Woods is good at playing golf. 2. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. Select two famous people and describe them. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. 1. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. so he’s works as a driver. (play golf/not very well) 3. so she plays hockey everyday. Martin _________________________________. 1. 4. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. She does not play golf well.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. (cook/not well) . Examples: 1. My sister ________________________________.

How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. A: ____________________________. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. I did. B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. A: . B: I know. Donald is asking me to work with him. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. That way I feel safe and secure. I can’t sleep. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. President! . B: Mr. I received a lot of death threats. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. Student A Student B A: Hi. it does sound like a stressful job. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. Kurt. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. B: ___________________________________.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: ______________________________ A: Lately. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah.

4.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. UC and Loma Linda. I’ve never heard of that school. . What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. 1. 3. Thanks. No problem.73 - . Ring me up if you have any other questions. Good! I have to check that out. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. it’s more affordable than most other schools. I think Loma Linda is better.

Caught between 2. 1. nice 7. Medical professionals 3. good 10. reasonable 9. Affordable 4. crazy 3. within your means c) pleased. She’s ____________________ two lovers. David Bloom shirts are on sale. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. The prices are reasonable and ___________. 1. 1. great 4. wonderful 6. handsome 5. beautiful 2. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above.t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. 2.74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ . affordable 8.

I heard admission is very tough there. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. B: _____________________________ A: Well. I’ll tell him that when I get home. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. A: __________________________ B: Thank you. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. My sister works in the register’s office. A: What university did you graduate from.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. it is. .

They are the following: 1. . That explains the line-up. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter.76 - . v. 3.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. j. m. 2. g. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. r. Well. p. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. n. That sounds like a mess. w. A: I see. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b. 3. l. 2. k. z and with the letter combination th.

lift 3. 4. 8. 3. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. 9. get 4. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. take 5. work 2. have ask write 7. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. read . shut 6. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. 1.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 5.

78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I’ll be back in a minute. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. B: Actually I’m almost there. A: Yes. B: Thanks. . A: ____________________________. B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. B: Thanks. B: _____________________________________. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. I appreciate your help. B: . B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. A: ______________________________. .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _____________________________. A: ____________________________. A: _______________________________. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. B: _________________________________ . A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out. B: What? You mean the registration form? . Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma.

B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. .79 - . Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before. just the one inside the Trade Mall. 1. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. _________________ 2. 2. ______________ 3. 3. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure.

She __________ do a lot of extra reading. . 1. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 2. We should work hard. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. 6. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. 2. 5. Recently c) something to read.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. 1. 7. 1. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. text 4. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. On sale a) work of fiction 2. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. We __________ take a nap after lunch. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 4. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. Literature d) lately 5. I’ve just read a good book ________________. 3.

I can lend you my discount card. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . B: ____ . A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. A: ___________________________ B: Okay.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I’m sure you’ll find one there.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. A: ____________________________. B: Don’t mention it. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. The book is quite expensive. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. A: ____________________________. B: ______________________________. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. B: Yeah. B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. A: ____________________________. A: That would be nice.

Like a mouse. RUTH ROOT Anger. A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. a. 1. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). How do you spell “Root”? 7. What is a bat for? 2. a. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. What does “faith” mean? b. B: Try the telephone directory. I searched the net. 3. 1.82 - . 4. How do you spell “mat”? 5. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. a. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. I’m sure it has the number. What does “wrath” mean? b. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. . How do you spell “boat” 3. 2. I wonder what the prerequisites are. a. a. The student says the matching answer. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. a. What does “fate” mean? 4. A: I’ll do that. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. What is a bath for? b. How do you spell “math”? b. a. To play ball. Where is the boot? 6. How do you spell “both” b. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. Where is the booth? b. What does “rat” mean? To get clean.

Examples: I’ll do that. 4. ill-fated c) Abbr. 3. I won’t be late.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. 1. . ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. 3. Some things will never change. 4. ______________________________________________. 2. ______________________________________________. 5. 5. 1. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. ______________________________________________. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 2.

they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. Registrar’s Office. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. Student A Student B A: Hello. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. I took that last semester. B: ________________________________ A: It says here.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. . I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure.

They pour milk into the glass. a. 2. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. 4. a. 6.85 - . We admired all you work a. The dogs scare every cat. They closed everything a. They fear every animal. We admire all you work. b. b. Some speakers bore us. Oh boy. a. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. b. 2. b. Student: Present. They close everything. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. 7. 1. The dogs scared every cat. They hire new employees on Friday. Some speakers bored us. They hired new employees on Friday. a. They feared every animal. 5. 1.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Do you think they cared about politics? a. a. b. b. 3. 8. b. B: Yeah. 3. two days to cram everything into my head! . They poured milk into the glass. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. Do you think they care about politics? b. I don’t like numbers.

problem d)hardly. . _______________________________________________. Finals 5. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________. 3. _______________________________________________. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. Midterm 3. 1. Examples: I must remember her name. 4. Bother 2. 5. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Cram 4. _______________________________________________. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something.

B: I didn’t hear about it. Kim announced it last week. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. It looks like I have to cram tonight. but you’ve only got two hours to do it. B: Thanks. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. A: Well you should. A: ______________________________.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: ____________________________. I can manage on my own. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. Mr. I should study now. . .6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. B: __________________________________ . B: . I was absent that day. A: _____________________________. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. but no. B: Yeah. I’d be happy to help you. A: If you need some help. A: _______________________________. B: No. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________.

Sincerely yours. 2. 24/02/07 V. After her schooling. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 3. 5. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. 2. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. 7. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . she continued to keep in touch with me. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 4. 9.88 - . Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. 1. 3. 8.

Examples: The letter was too long. The room is good _________ for two. He drinks ______ much. Wealth 4. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. 1. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. but that’s _________ for us. Fame 5. 2. She’s _____ good to be true. 8. It’s not good for his health. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. Determined 3.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. You are _____ beautiful. 5. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. 9. 6. 1. enough (not enough) or very. Is the food ________ for you? 10. . I am ______ happy to meet you. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. Recommend 2. I am _________ eager to see you. 3. The food’s not enough for four people. Sorry.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. The presentation was _____ long. 4. 7. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight.

I was surprised to hear the news myself. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. B: I know. B: ______________________________. A: ____________________________. I never thought I’d get it. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. A: I believe so. You won’t even notice that I’m not here.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. B: Thank you. Student B A: . B: ___________________________________. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . My supervisor was my greatest supporter. so grab it. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. I can’t say how pleased I am. A: We’re going to miss you so much. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. . A: _______________________________ B: Thank you.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. A: ____________________________. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. have a seat please. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC.

B: Thanks. 1.91 - . My name’s Mr. I do. put pot but pin hut 5. and it’s not very expensive. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. can pain pan man mane 2. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. His office is just right there! A: Sir. 1. A: It’ll be there in a minute. B: ____________________ Sir. 2. B: Listen and practice the each word below. She’s not very pretty. How may I help you? B: ____________________. but it’s not too big. Lee of PWBC. she’s really funny. Isaac? A: Yes. ______________________________________ Mr. bit but dip date pit 3.. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. . Underline the stressed words. phone cone hole hot hit 4.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. _________________. 3. 3. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. though. It’s a fairly big building. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. 1. 2. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. Singapore is pretty safe to go. ______________________? B: Yes. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please.

4. There are a few apples left in the box. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . oranges 3. 2. 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. 3. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. 1. 3. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 4. 2. make up 4. 1. _______ butter on my bread. 5. please. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. Just ____________ errors were made. 1. flour 2. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. books 5. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable.

Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. Long time no see. please. B: ________________________________ A: Here. Tunney. Bolton will be here in a minute. No cream and just sugar please. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. We’re happy to have you here Mr. Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. I’m fine. Tunney. Let me get you an ashtray. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. Benjamin. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. Everything’s well in the market. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. not at all. Mr. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. I will. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. let me take that.

You need to pay the ________. She’s a ________ person. She’s the youngest employee in this office. (ties) 3. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you.94 - . B: Hi Teddy. B: Thanks Harry.Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. He has worked with us since last year. These ______ are too fancy for me. Pleased to meet you. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. I go to yoga class ________ a week. Thanks. Welcome to the sales department. (nice) 4. I’m really excited about working with all of you. 3. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. A: Good morning Jay. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. (price) 5. 1. A: This is your cubicle here. 4. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. B: Wow! This is great. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. Me too! A: And this is Grace. . 2. The ______run fast. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. (mice) 2. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. This is Teddy Crams. B: Thanks Cindy.

______ is a principle not a feeling. (you) 7. he. ( an owl) 2. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. Cubicle a) ground. ______ will wash the dishes. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. The subjective pronouns are: I. 1. you. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. and they. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. it. (Mr. we. 1. ______ works hard. ______ do the presentation in a little while. ( Adrian) 10. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. (the secretary) 5. ( your daughter) 6. Employee c) one that is the least old 4.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . story 2. Floor d) worker. Humps) 8. Example: It is on the table. (your colleagues) 4. ______ are talkative. (You and Jeff) 3. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. Youngest b) a workspace. (love) . a booth 3. she. ______ keeps the records. ______ are going to attend the meeting.

A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I started working in this company last summer. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. B: ____ . B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. B: ___________________________________. B: Sure. Rachel: Hi Linda. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. she’s an intern. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. Thanks! . A: ____________________________. welcome to the team. A: This is Rachel. she’s Mr. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. Thanks. A: ____________________________. Let me introduce you to our staff. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. B: Hope so too Rachel. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. He’s very friendly. A: . this is Lisa. she’s our data encoder. Edwards secretary.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _________________________________ A: By the way. B: Thanks Ralph. B: _________________________________ A: Great. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. our custodian. A: This is Andy. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us.

2. 2. A: Hi Marianne. negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. 4. 1. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. A: That really sounds interesting. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below.97 - . A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. prepare sales presentations. to name a few. A: Say. 4. I arrange appointments with clients. 3. Describe your current job. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. I’m still trying to figure things out. . B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. 3. 5. who makes the final decision? In your department.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below.

2. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2. Have some _______________. 5. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. . There are _____________ cookies. tough 3. 3. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. Doing business presentation is __________________. We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. 7. 10. I need __________ time to finish my report. 2. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone. There are more female workers than male workers. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. 3. 8. Receptionist b) demanding. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. 6. 1. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. 4. I _________________ customer complaints. 9. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 1.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Take one if you like. Examples: There is much food on my plate. Don’t eat too _____________. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more.

A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. B: I’m Jade. South America is a very beautiful place. B: A: Tiring. Student A Student B A: Hi. A: Nice to meet you. I’m Anne Bowles. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. B: _____________________________________. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. A: ________________________________. Anne. B: Nice to meet you too. Jefferson. we can keep our share in the world market. B: Oh. it does. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. By doing so. Jade. . I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I work in the research department. I arrange meetings for Mr. Unfortunately. A: Say. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? . then you are the person I should talk to. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. I’m Mr. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. A: Yeah. Jefferson’s new secretary. B: ___________________________________. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. B: . yet exciting. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. Jefferson. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. A: ________________________________.

Michael: Sure. Breezy 6. 1.100 - . Neat knit 3. sheep 4. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. because of the delay at our production plant. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. sleep ship slip 2. 1. what have you done? 3. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . Look. You should have been thrifty. 2.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Michael: Hey you look tired. I’ll be back later this afternoon. 1. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. eel ill 5. I would have told Mary to leave. Michelle: Okay. 2. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. 3.

Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. . I could be a journalist ________________________________________. 2. I have to travel _____________ this summer.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . in a foreign country 4. 1. Vocabulary c) out of the country. 1. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. 5. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. 1. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. 1. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 3. Overseas a) losing out 2. 2. Expect e) words. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. 4. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying.

A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. What about you. 0921. B: __________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. so we eat out most of the time. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. but I don’t have his number. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . too. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. B: Sorry. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. we don’t eat too often at home. We both have busy careers. Thank you for the invitation. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. B: __________________________________. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. A: Can you call Mr. . Ford of Office Supplies. A: No. Mr. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. but I have to feed my children. do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. Say. B: I hate doing the dishes at home.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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1) Passports.106 - . This process can take up to eight weeks. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2.and the sooner the better. visas and immunization requirements. The shoes feet/fit my feet. 4. .Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. 3. The boys clock/clap their hands. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. 1. Don’t talk/take too much. My boss loves reading/riding books. 5. It won’t do any good. The boat/coat is by the seashore. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet . 1. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. 2. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word.

She was an Asian artist. I am a woman. 2. 4. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. It’s about a girl. 3. She did lots of amazing paintings. _________________________________________________________________ 2.107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Examples: The book is about a woman. 1. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. friendship). She frees the slaves. Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. I fight for freedom. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. It stars Sandra White. 1. She saved her parents marriage. _________________________________________________________________ 4. It’s a drama. _________________________________________________________________ .g. _________________________________________________________________ 3.

They have a big duty free shopping mall. B: Thank you. . A: _______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. B: __________________________________ A: Sure. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. Davis of Room #1113. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. Student B A: ________________________________. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. B: _____________________________________. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. can I help you? B: ________________________________. It’s only a five minute walk. may I help you? A: ______________________________. B: I’m Mr. please. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. B: By the way. Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. please. of course. If you get off at the city hall station. A: My pleasure. B: Sure. Fill-in this form please. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. sir. I’m afraid I’m lost. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. one more thing please. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . A: Yes.

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