Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

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Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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please.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. -4- . 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. Can I take a message? Yes. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. It’s Rob. 3. I’m afraid he’s not. Thanks for the help. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. Bye. Bye. Hi. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. 1. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives.

An ambulance took David to the hospital. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. 3. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. We’ve just lowered our prices. Our fax number has changed. 2. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. I had a job interview yesterday. 1. visitors. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. 1. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. In the past. 5. patients. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. 1) Annoy a) new.

Student A Student B A: Good morning. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. Mother and Sons. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Student A A: Good morning. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. Miss Oh. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. Goodbye. please. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: __________________________ A: Sure. this is Keira. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. Bye. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. JSG. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. Goodbye.

A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. A: Bye. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. I can take your message.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. -7- . how may we help you? A: Hello. A: Oh…okay. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . B: Giefan Research Company. 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. B: Bye.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. She’s in a meeting right now. I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. B: Okay. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. B: I’m sorry ma’am. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. Could you put me on line 3 please.

He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. I promise to do my homework. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Promises 1. We will refund you the money. 4. 1. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. Refusal. Activity 1 3. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. 6. 2. inevitably sells better than other products. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. you can use will not or won’t. 3. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. She refuses to accept my proposal. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. She refuses to accept his authority. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. Harvey phoned? 2. The car won’t start. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. The product with the better-known brand name. won’t or would.

B: Thank you. but haven’t got a call from him yet. this is I was expecting Mr. Oh’s office. A: Ah. .Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. B: Really? Well. B: _____________________________________. Student A Student B A: Mr. A: Of course. B: That’s too bad. A: Well. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. A: Mr. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back. Oh has been expecting your email. Student A Student B A: . I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. yes. A: ______________________________. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. Mr. B: . Oh. A: _____________________________. B: Hi. Oh’s office. Oh’s call. he can’t make it to the office today. Well then. may I help you? B: . may I talk to Mr. A: _______________________________. A: Oh. B: Hi. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. this is kind of urgent too.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. But I’m afraid Mr. B: . please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .

Vince: That’s good to hear. Vince: Oh. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Jen: Well. then. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. 2. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. According to our market study. They’re very common here. A sand snake. Jen: Indeed. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. yes. Thanks.10 - . Vince: Oh. Jen: . But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. Well. We feel your proposal is very interesting. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. Jen: Well. Vince. 3. Hello. I guess that’s not so surprising. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. as you know. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. 1. good.

4. 5. 3. suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple. . The extent of one’s possibilities c. something received after a transaction is made d. 3. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. offer. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. to express gratitude for e. urgent need b. to take notice of.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. 2. 2. 1. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. 1.

Take your time. B: Oh. Mr. yes. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. This is Mr. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . well then. B: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: Hello. B: ____ A: Yes.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Bye. We’ll just wait for your call then. . Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. A: B: My pleasure. B: ____________________________. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. Snider. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. A: ______________________________. A: _. A: Yes. . B: A: Well. B: ____________________________? A: Yes. B: . Thanks for the help. I think so. A: _. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. Student A Student B A: Hi. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. B: Bye. B: Sure. __ . A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. indeed. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. I think so. Bob. I am sure we can help you with the project. We are interested in your offer. Snider.

13 - . had. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. I’ll send it off now. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 3. 2. It’s Lance. He’d prefer to pay cash. 2. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. Lance. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. Full word did. . I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. You’re welcome. 1. He’ll prefer to pay cash. OK. would will ( I will) 1. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. Sure. I’d be glad to. This is Innis speaking. Thank you very much. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon.

Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. 2. Current 4.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . e. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. 5.g. a report about the finances of an establishment e. Financial Report 2.g. occurring or existing at the present time c. 4. . Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. 1.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 3. Annual 5. yearly b. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. 1. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. Wondering a. to feel curiosity or doubt d. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite. Polite 3.

This is Mr. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. I’d like to speak to Mr. I have it with me. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure. A: _________________________ C: Yes. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. Student A A: Hi. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: ____________________________ A: Mr. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. hold on. Candy. It’s Candy. Simons please. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. C: Hi. . Simons. It’s Candy on the line. Candy. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006.

5. Billy left a mess in the sink. 3. We eat rice every day. Ron: Hello Brian. Can you put me through to ext. My eyes are tired. Brian speaking. 4.extension * sec . Brian: Hi. Let’s keep in touch through email. Voiced 1. 1. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. This is Ron of J&J Korea.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Ron: Yeah. 5. How nice of you to come! 2. Brian: It’s great to hear that. 4. sir. Hello. Brian: Sure. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. His aunt called. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. 2. 2.second Ron: . Snakes hiss out of fear. * ext .16 - .

Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. 5.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. 2. . If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. Can I use your computer? Sure. 5. 2. 3. you can’t. enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. They are more formal than can. go ahead. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. May I use your mobile phone? No. 3. 4. May and could are also used to ask for permission. but not to refuse permission. Could I come back later? No. 1. I’m afraid you can’t. you can. Activity Answer the questions. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. 4.

A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. right after the meeting. . . A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. I really want to recommend it to everyone. B: ______________________________. Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute. It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. B: Good. A: ____________________________. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. I’ll be expecting your call. I went to see a movie with some friends. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________ B: OK. B: Talk to you later.

Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. What kind of train is it? b. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. How’s everything? Not bad. Oh. 1. How do you spell “police”? 2. this is my second trip. I’m sure I will. Ben. I am. How do you spell “please”? b. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. Hello. a. a. He’s from Mozambique. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 1. What kind of terrain is it? 3. Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. Chris. Are you on vacation? Yes. How do you spell “forest”? b. thanks! This is Ben. 3. How are you? Pretty good. a. . A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. 2.19 - .

4 .4 . your.2 . we. 4. she. 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful. his. our. __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . her.4 . its.2 . Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks.2 . Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office.20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . 3. he. and they. it. 1. you.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. your. amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. 2.2 . their. Possessive adjectives are my. 5. Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever.1 . you.5 .3 . good.4 . Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument.

And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. Student A A: Hello. I’m Lisa Tailor. My name’s Brad Cruz. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. . B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . But please call me Brad. You can call me Liz. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. So I will see you there then.

We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference.22 - . 5. c) With a new colleague. 4. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. Stress the first syllable. I really miss this kind of weather. b) With a stranger while on a trip. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. . How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. __________________ 3.__________________ 2. You are lucky for that. it’s beautiful. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. Well. 1. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. 3. In Korea. 1. 2.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah.

(e. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”).g.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. Initiate d. brotherhood . nonstop 5.g. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. a prefix and a suffix. Preference f. to be expected 3. liking 4. Indirect c. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root.g. 1. probable. multicolored 4. Likely e. and test). *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e. unicycle 3. coworker. Colleague a. Direct b. Unpleasant g. to start 2. nasty 6. associate 7. wishful 5. straight. to begin. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix. act. unlikable. not direct.g.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. first choice. It is the foundation of the word. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. form.

Candy Miles.. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . B: _____________________________ A: Okay. Okay see you later then. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy. You can knock on my door anytime. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building..

but all is well. 1. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. 2. I’m happy for you. That was exciting! 4. I’ll see you on Friday then. Read and say the statements below. but I will definitely be there. You really scared me! 3. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. Wonderful. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. it’s Lee.25 - . Goodness. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. 1. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’ll see you then. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. Thank you for inviting me. I see you’ve learned the ropes. Great.m. That was wonderful! 2. What? You were disgusted? 5. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better.

Our boss was boring. ______________________________. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. 4. Your work was amazing. The party was boring. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. 4. . The novel was fascinating. I find the documentaries _______________. The music sounds exciting. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. 3. 1. ______________________________. I was bored by our boss. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. 3. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. (interest) 2. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. 2. _____________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. _____________________________.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Student A A: Hi Kate. B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then. A: ______________________________ B: OK. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Create your own dialogs and practice them. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50.

a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. 1. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. Tonight. 3. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds.31 - .Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.

1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. but she hated her job. provinces. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). She was ______ honest. but it makes her happy. states. used to work in downtown Los Angeles. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company.g.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object. e. Jasper is an engineer. An < indefinite article (not a specific object.g. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. So she decided to quit. and become _____ English teacher instead. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. ______ old friend of my sister.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. The book is on the table.g. 2. transport and places. 3. one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. Yashie has a cat. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city.g. . Do not use an article along with countries. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. Kristy. It isn't _____ easy life. e. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school.

but it just tastes better that way. I ordered a whisky. Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. B: Whisky is my favorite. too. but very dry. no thanks. A: ____________________________. I could go for a martini. A: Well. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. glad to see you. Student A Student B A: Mr. would you? . Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. B: A: Fine. How do you like it? With tonic. or on the rocks? You name it. I always take mine straight up. Gaines. A: ______________________________. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. A: ____________________________. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. Gaines. B: Sure. A: _____________________________. . B: A: Well. B: __________________________________ A: Yes.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. I’d prefer a gin tonight.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________.

1. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. You can come to the party with me. Well. 3. Pleased to meet you too. Mine’s Sally. Here we are. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. 1. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. 5. But now I don’t have to. But now I don’t want to.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. sorry am I late am helping. this is my first visit. Thanks me for am. I wanted to walk to work. . Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. Pleased to meet you. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. Sally Dunes. Have you been to Singapore before? No. 4. I had to bring my books to school. 2. I hope you like it. 2. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I. Are You right. 3. I’m heading that way. I’m sure I will. Only if you really want to.34 - .

9. Visit 3. 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. 1. 5. 6. I think Tessa is able to do it. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. 2. 4. Just give her enough time. I can bake chocolate cookies well. They were able to meet their expectations. 3. You can take one if you like. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. Maria is able to speak Korean. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. Heading 2. Accent a) pronunciation.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . She can solve math problems quickly. 7. My children can dance and sing. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. Teddy was able to work yesterday. 8. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. 3. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability. 1. . We are able to memorize the speech. 2.

B: I’m sure it does. A: Yeah it is. Hope you find the place has everything you need. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. B: Yes I am. Say. B: ______________________________. Can I help you? B: ____ . I can’t find the baggage department. Student A A: Hi. A: ____________________________. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. A: Here we are.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ____________________________. are you new here? B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. . B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. please. A: It’s at the main door. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. Let me take you there.

and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. Mara? B: Well. French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. A: Lucky you. B: Great! Good luck to you. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. B: Yeah. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. 1. I’ve saved money. . That sounds exciting. It’s my dream to speak Spanish.37 - . Discuss these questions.Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. 2. 3.

Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.g. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city.g.________________________________________________________________ . Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2._______________________________________________________________ 2. I’m going to finish my thesis. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense. Exciting d) reserve. 1. Rule 3: Making predictions e. _______________________________________________________________ 3. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. Enroll e) natural. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . to keep safe 5.g. _______________________________________________________________ 4. Native c) register 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. _______________________________________________________________ 5.

A: _______________________________ B: A little. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. still working on it. A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. I’ll let you know later. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. . B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. I find it quite difficult. I started learning Spanish in January.

6. Pete. 7.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Good luck! . They warn the passengers. Notice the differences.40 - . 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. 3. Stress the underlined word. 2. Body language plays a vital role in communication. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. 4. They save a 1000 dollars. They paid us a huge amount. Hold on Brian. 2. 5. she’s looking this way. They pay us a huge amount. 8. 3. I’m going over and asking her on a date. 1. 1. They saved a 1000 dollars. Discuss these questions. Hens laid eggs. Hens lay eggs. it’s called body language. They warned the passengers. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. Okay. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete.

When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . What _______________________________________________________? . repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. When _______________________________________________________? 2. Where ______________________________________________________? 3. How ________________________________________________________? 6. 1. Who ________________________________________________________? 4.

Student A Student B A: Hi. B: That’s okay. I’m sorry. Create your own dialogs and practice them. I saw you waving your hand at me. OK. A: Oh. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. he’s still behind you now. A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. A: _______________________________.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. I was waving at my dad behind you. A: Oh. B: As a matter of fact. B: ________________________________. B: Oh. B: ________________________________.

Hmm… let me practice bowing.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. the new student from Korea? No. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. 2. 4. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . 1. I haven’t. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Professor Brooklyn is here. I think so. but there’s one thing I noticed. He seems really nice. 3.43 - .

6. I think reading English books is fun. 8. _____________________________________________________________________. _____________________________________________________________________. 3. _____________________________________________________________________ . 2. it will interfere with your dreams. too. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. 1. Iverson didn’t know either. Smoking isn’t good for our health. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. (Neither does Peter. (So do cats and dogs. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. Mr.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . When we dream. we move our eyes about. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. If you drink alcohol. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. 3. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. 7. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. 1. 2. 5.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Peter doesn’t know. 4. Watching English TV shows is fun too.) He doesn’t know the answer. either.

A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. maybe because it’s hot there. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. . A: ____________________________. B: ____ . A: ____________________________. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . There are beautiful beaches everywhere. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people.m. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. B: Yeah. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. B: Well. I did. B: Yeah. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. I just got home last night.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below.

we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. taller than most basketball players. 2. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. 3. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. Liz: Hmm.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. The mice jumped over the cup. Liz: You’re right Joe! . Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall. 2. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Joe: I don’t think so. 3. Joe: See. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 1. They shook their heads.46 - . Please shut the door. Discuss these questions. Liz: Asians are short. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. 1.Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people.

7. Imply 3. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. Although the CEO knew it was Mr.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. she agreed to marry him.g. she decided to go away. 9. she keeps asking me to do her reports. 1. e. Positive idea 6. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. is not something really controlled. he’s now a successful medical doctor. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. __________ he’s the President’s son. Exist 5. 1. 2. ________ she knew he was not good looking. ___________ my advice. he works as a doorman. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. even though. . 4. Mistaken 4. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. ________ of poverty. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. in spite of. Park’s mistake. 8. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. 10. 6.g. 5. 3. e. Although: in spite of the fact that. he still scolded Mr. Instant 2. She works hard __________ of her backache. Kim for it.

you must watch out. Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. nice to see you here. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. I know. A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. And he is very strict like him. Bye! .48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. he’s our boss’ son. B: _______________________________ A: No. I haven’t. you’ll be fine. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. I didn’t mean to scare you.

1. A: Oh. . I guess I won’t be staying here too long.Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 4. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Really? Yeah. 3. 5. 2.49 - . you can ask them to give you a doggie bag. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. but it was too heavy. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. You could have taken the leftovers home.

2. 5. words 6. tea 3. ________________________________________. soda 4. Examples: 1. glasses of milk 5. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . women 2. 3. 2. 3. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. ________________________________________. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. 1. 4. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. . 4. coffee cream 7. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. 1.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words.

She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. A: ______________________________. Create your own dialogs and practice them. I’ll pay my share later.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . B: To Kelly’s house. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. can you please get one.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . A: _____________________________. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. Let’s bring a Merlot. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.

Actually. The class is only twice a week.52 - . but I’m quite busy these days. that sounds relaxing. So when can I start? As soon as you register.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. 1. 2. would you like to join me? Well. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. I would love to. isn’t it? Not really. Here’s the form. Say. It’s just meditation. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. 5. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. Thanks! . 4. it’s more than that. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Oh. 3.

Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. wholly. He needs it badly. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. in agreement 2. Quick 2. 4. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. 1. The flowers are beautiful. 5.way etc. choose and write the best answer for each blank. __________ give this report to Mr. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. __________ I don’t know the answer either. Register e) no meat diet 6. 1. Quite d) frequently. Honest 5. __________ I won the lotto. Quality a) synchronization. Harmony c) characteristic. e. 3.g. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. They were painted ____________. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. actually 3. 1. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. 2. The painting looks real. Kind 6. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. feature 4. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. She _________ got up and walked way. habitually 5.in a …. Samson. Vegetarian diet b) completely.

they hate exercising. Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . A: . A: ____________________________. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . I have. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. A: ____________________________. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. Usually she goes before work. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: She goes to aerobics class. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. B: Oh. B: _________________________________.

5. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Nat. He’s of average height and has green eyes. A: Hi. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. 3. 2. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. She’s not tall or slim. she must be very pretty. Liz! B: Hello. A: Well. 1. B: Wow. 2. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. She’s tall and slim.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. see for yourself. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair.55 - . She has long blond hair and blue eyes. 4. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. . 3.

Enjoy 5. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. e. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose. Curly 3. They look exactly alike. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . They ______ both tall. and weight. 1. Slim 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Average 2. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. and Dinah doesn’t. height. They _______ about 15 years old. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have.g.

m. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. He works at Joy Research Agency. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. today. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. I think I know the guy. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. B: ________________________________ A: Wait.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. A: __________________________ B: What!? . He’s my boss. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes.

. 1. 4. You are probably right. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. 2. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. 2. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. 4. I sometimes wonder how they even got married.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 6. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. She buys me nice things all the time. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. nephew 11. You know what they say. 1. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. niece 10. opposites attract. 3. uncle 9. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. 5. cousin 12.58 - . 3. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. We are just too similar. aunt 8. Only if I’m lucky.

4. 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1.g. Our apartment building is off the Main Street. 1. 5. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ .g. 2. Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from. A tile has come off the floor. 3. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 2. 4. e. e. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. 3.

B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. A: ______________________________. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. I’ll take them to the lake. B: _____________________________________. A: ____________________________. B: Great idea. B: Yeah it is.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. B: ________________________________.isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. A: I’m sure they will. Now I know where to bring them. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. A: ______________________________. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. A: ____________________________. I’m sure they’ll like it. B: Yeah. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. B: I think so too. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. . A: That will be nice. They’ll spend a week with us.

3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. It just seems like yesterday. 1. 3. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. 5. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. 1. A proper copper coffee pot. time really flies. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. Who won the English speech contest? 3. B: Wow. 4. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. B: Oh. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. Sandy Long.61 - . Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. 3. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. Questions: 1. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. The swan swam over the pond. What did you want to be when you were young? . 2.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Now. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. 2.

When will you be back ? _____________________________________.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 10. I got married in July 2003. 7. What year were you born? ___________________________________. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. Smith? _________________________________________. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. 3. 3. Where’s Mr. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. . place 2. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. 5. 2. 6. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. 4. 1. 5. 2. a job or a situation 4. 9.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. When did you get married? __________________________________. month and years) 3. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. Where is your office? ________________________________________. 4. a point during a longer period of time (week. 8. 1. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in.

A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. They have to know what their son’s doing. A: ____________________________. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. B: That’s not nice. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. B: ______________________________. B: You’d better get their number. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. A: And. A: Well. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. His parents are always out of town. A: Kids today are very different. B: ___ .63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. yesterday. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. He always ends up hitting his brother. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. B: ___________________________________. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. .

A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. 2. A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. A: Sorry Tommy. 3.64 - . I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight.Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. B: Yeah I heard. A: There must be magic in that place. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah. 1. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. . I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. 4. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo.

Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Hymn 5. Bare 4. Shall we dance? 4. They shall see us before office hours. He shall surely come in a week. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. Perfect 3. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Shall I give you my number? 6. 1. 9. 2. Tie the knot 2. 3. Shall I bring her in? 8. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. Shall I lend him money? 7. 10. The guests shall come on time. .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. It shall be delivered right away.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 1.

DZFM plays that song over and over again. B: ________________________________ B: Ted. thanks for bringing me here. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. I love music. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. . B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too. Belle. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. I will.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: Well. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. It’s just a ten minute drive from here.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. I’ll see you soon. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. B: _________________________________ A: So. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. Student A A: Say. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street.

4. A: Nah. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.67 - . B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. she’s not the one. 3. She’s no longer a friend of mine. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. 1. .Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her.

both for countable and uncountable.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 3. water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. The _____ CEO started his own company. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . 1. Therefore she’s a distant _________. 2. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition. 2. We use any in negative sentences. 3. Examples: There is some bread on the table. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. both for countable and uncountable. Love is __________. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. 1. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece.” 1. There isn’t any bread on the table. butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2.

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . I still have it with me. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. It’s been ten years. B: Same here. B: . B: ________________________________. Rice works there as the information officer. A: _____________________________. A: ________________________________. By the way. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . . A: Well. Maurice. A: Yeah. . I’m glad I bumped into you today. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. Mr. Student A Student B A: Greg. we’re both busy with our careers. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. They were the most popular band back then. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. B: A: That’s great. A: Yeah. Mary’s coming over this weekend. A: ________________________________. B: _____________________________________. the R2 Band. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. B: Well. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will.

Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. business _ 10." ." . 4." . 1. clothes _ 7." .Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible. but the silence of our friends." . Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2. 2.Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best.Martin Luther King Jr.dictionary _ 9.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End." . clothing _ 8. (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake. table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. 3." . If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) . 1. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has. 5. we will remember not the words of our enemies. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6.Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3.70 - ." . we must do what is required.

Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. (driving/really good) 4. so he’s works as a driver. (really good/skating) 2. 1. 1. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. so I usually burn the food. (play golf/not very well) 3. She ____________________________________. 4. Examples: 1. My sister ________________________________. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. Select two famous people and describe them. 5. She does not play golf well. so she plays hockey everyday. Woods is good at playing golf. so she goes flying every weekend. 2.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. I ____________________________________. (cook/not well) . (really good/ flying a plane). Miss Jazz Min __________________________. Martin _________________________________.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .

Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. President! . I received a lot of death threats. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . That way I feel safe and secure. it does sound like a stressful job. B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. B: I know. I can’t sleep. B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. Donald is asking me to work with him. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. A: . B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. Kurt. B: ______________________________ A: Lately. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: Mr. A: ____________________________.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . I did. Student A Student B A: Hi. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him.

I think Loma Linda is better. Thanks. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. it’s more affordable than most other schools.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. . What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. 1. Good! I have to check that out. 4. 2. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. 3. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. No problem. Ring me up if you have any other questions. I’ve never heard of that school. UC and Loma Linda.73 - .

beautiful 2. David Bloom shirts are on sale. She’s ____________________ two lovers. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Medical professionals 3.t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ .74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . crazy 3. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. handsome 5. 1. great 4. Caught between 2. reasonable 9. The prices are reasonable and ___________. wonderful 6. 2. nice 7. within your means c) pleased. affordable 8. good 10. Affordable 4. 1. 1. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ .

I heard admission is very tough there. A: What university did you graduate from. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . My sister works in the register’s office. I’ll tell him that when I get home. . McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: __________________________ B: Thank you. B: _____________________________ A: Well. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. it is.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration.

A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. z and with the letter combination th. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. Well. p. That explains the line-up. j. m. 2. k. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. w.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. v. 1. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 2. r. A: I see.76 - . 3. g. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. n. 3. They are the following: 1. That sounds like a mess. l. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. . Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b.

5. 4. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. 2.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. 1. shut 6. work 2. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. get 4. 8. take 5. have ask write 7. read . lift 3. 9. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below.

78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. A: _____________________________. B: _____________________________________. B: . A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. A: _______________________________. Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. A: ____________________________. I appreciate your help. . B: What? You mean the registration form? . A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ______________________________. B: Actually I’m almost there. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. B: Thanks. B: Thanks. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. B: _________________________________ . A: ____________________________. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. . A: Yes. A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. I’ll be back in a minute.

It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before.79 - . 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. 1. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. ______________ 3. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to. just the one inside the Trade Mall. . B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. 3. 2. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. _________________ 2.

Literature d) lately 5. I’ve just read a good book ________________. 5. We should work hard. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. 1. 2. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. On sale a) work of fiction 2. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. We __________ take a nap after lunch. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. . 1. She __________ do a lot of extra reading.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 1. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. 4. 3. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. 7. Recently c) something to read. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. 6. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. text 4.

A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. I’m sure you’ll find one there. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. The book is quite expensive.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . I can lend you my discount card. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. B: ____ . A: ____________________________. A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. A: ____________________________. B: Don’t mention it. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: ______________________________. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. B: Yeah. B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. A: ____________________________. A: That would be nice. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ .

Where is the booth? b. What is a bat for? 2. Where is the boot? 6. RUTH ROOT Anger.82 - . B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. I wonder what the prerequisites are. What does “wrath” mean? b. . I searched the net. A: I’ll do that.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. a. a. 2. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. 3. 4. a. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. To play ball. 1. B: Try the telephone directory. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. How do you spell “both” b. The student says the matching answer. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). a. a. How do you spell “Root”? 7. What does “fate” mean? 4. What does “faith” mean? b. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. How do you spell “boat” 3. I’m sure it has the number. How do you spell “math”? b. What is a bath for? b. A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University. 1. Like a mouse. a. a. How do you spell “mat”? 5.

83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Examples: I’ll do that. 2. 2. 1. 1. 5. ______________________________________________. ill-fated c) Abbr. 4. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. Some things will never change. 4. I won’t be late. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. 3. 3. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. . 5. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________.

A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. Registrar’s Office.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Student A Student B A: Hello. . A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. I took that last semester. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. B: ________________________________ A: It says here. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website.

a. Do you think they cared about politics? a. They hire new employees on Friday. 2. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 6. a. a. I don’t like numbers. Student: Present. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. They hired new employees on Friday. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. b. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. 1. 2. They close everything. a. 3. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. 4. a. b. They closed everything a. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. 3. They pour milk into the glass. The dogs scared every cat.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.85 - . b. 1. Some speakers bore us. We admire all you work. Do you think they care about politics? b. Oh boy. 8. The dogs scare every cat. b. 7. 5. They feared every animal. Some speakers bored us. two days to cram everything into my head! . b. They fear every animal. b. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. b. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. We admired all you work a. B: Yeah. They poured milk into the glass.

86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 2. _______________________________________________. . Bother 2. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator. _______________________________________________. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. Cram 4. Finals 5.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. problem d)hardly. _______________________________________________. 1. Examples: I must remember her name. _______________________________________________. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. Midterm 3. 3. 5. _______________________________________________. 4. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something.

but you’ve only got two hours to do it. I’d be happy to help you. A: ______________________________. I should study now. Kim announced it last week. B: Yeah. but no. A: _____________________________. Mr.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. A: ____________________________. B: . A: Well you should. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. B: No. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. A: If you need some help. I was absent that day. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. B: I didn’t hear about it.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. . A: _______________________________. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. B: __________________________________ . . I can manage on my own. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. B: Thanks. It looks like I have to cram tonight.

Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 1. she continued to keep in touch with me. 7. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 4. 3. 2. 8. 9. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality. After her schooling.88 - . I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. 3. 24/02/07 V. 5.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Sincerely yours. 1. 2.

6. I am _________ eager to see you. The food’s not enough for four people. enough (not enough) or very. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. 1.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Examples: The letter was too long. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. 7. 2. 4. Determined 3. The room is good _________ for two. She’s _____ good to be true. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. 5. You are _____ beautiful. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. Sorry. It’s not good for his health. The presentation was _____ long. 8. 9. Wealth 4. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. . Fame 5. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. but that’s _________ for us. Recommend 2. 1. 3. Is the food ________ for you? 10.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I am ______ happy to meet you. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. He drinks ______ much.

B: ___________________________________. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. A: ____________________________. A: I believe so. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. You won’t even notice that I’m not here. A: ____________________________. Student B A: . so grab it. B: ______________________________. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. . I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. B: Thank you. l o o h c S 5 ti n U .90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. I can’t say how pleased I am. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. have a seat please. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. A: We’re going to miss you so much. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. I was surprised to hear the news myself. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. I never thought I’d get it. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. B: I know.

______________________________________ Mr. His office is just right there! A: Sir. . B: Thanks. Underline the stressed words. 3. 1. put pot but pin hut 5. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. 2. My name’s Mr.. I do. she’s really funny. ______________________? B: Yes. can pain pan man mane 2. 1. and it’s not very expensive. How may I help you? B: ____________________. 3. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. though. but it’s not too big. Singapore is pretty safe to go. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. Lee of PWBC. 1. A: It’ll be there in a minute. B: ____________________ Sir. 2. _________________. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. Isaac? A: Yes. bit but dip date pit 3.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. She’s not very pretty. It’s a fairly big building. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. phone cone hole hot hit 4. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. B: Listen and practice the each word below. Circle the words with different vowel sounds.91 - .

4. There are a few apples left in the box. 3. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. 4. 5. 3. _______ butter on my bread. flour 2. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. oranges 3. Just ____________ errors were made. 5. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. books 5. 2. please. 1. make up 4. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. 2.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . 1. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few.

Tunney. B: _______________________________ A: Mr.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. Long time no see. not at all. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . Everything’s well in the market. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. Tunney. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Mr. Let me get you an ashtray. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. I’m fine. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. No cream and just sugar please. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. let me take that. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. B: ________________________________ A: Here. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. please. Bolton will be here in a minute. We’re happy to have you here Mr. I will. Benjamin.

Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. I go to yoga class ________ a week. 4. (nice) 4. Pleased to meet you. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. (ties) 3. A: This is your cubicle here. (mice) 2. These ______ are too fancy for me. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. She’s a ________ person.Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. 3. 2.94 - . Welcome to the sales department. A: Good morning Jay. B: Thanks Harry. You need to pay the ________. This is Teddy Crams. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. B: Wow! This is great. Me too! A: And this is Grace. B: Hi Teddy. . (price) 5. He has worked with us since last year. Thanks. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. 1. The ______run fast. She’s the youngest employee in this office. I’m really excited about working with all of you. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. B: Thanks Cindy.

______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. The subjective pronouns are: I. it. and they. ______ are talkative. 1. (the secretary) 5. he. Youngest b) a workspace. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. Employee c) one that is the least old 4. ______ do the presentation in a little while. Floor d) worker. Humps) 8. we. ______ are going to attend the meeting. ______ is the new chairperson of the board.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. ______ keeps the records. ( Adrian) 10.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Cubicle a) ground. (love) . ( an owl) 2. (you) 7. ______ will wash the dishes. she. ( your daughter) 6. (You and Jeff) 3. a booth 3. (your colleagues) 4. Example: It is on the table. you. ______ works hard. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. ______ is a principle not a feeling. story 2. (Mr. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. 1.

A: This is Rachel. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. Thanks. welcome to the team. this is Lisa. B: ____ . A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. I started working in this company last summer. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. Thanks! . A: ____________________________. our custodian.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: By the way. A: This is Andy. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. she’s our data encoder. she’s an intern. Rachel: Hi Linda. A: . Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. B: Hope so too Rachel.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. B: ___________________________________. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. B: Sure. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. Let me introduce you to our staff. Edwards secretary. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. He’s very friendly. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. she’s Mr. B: _________________________________ A: Great. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. B: Thanks Ralph. A: ____________________________.

negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. A: Hi Marianne. A: That really sounds interesting. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. 4. to name a few. who makes the final decision? In your department. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. 5. . Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. Describe your current job.97 - . A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. I’m still trying to figure things out. I arrange appointments with clients. 4. 2. 2. prepare sales presentations. 3. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. 1. A: Say.

Receptionist b) demanding. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. tough 3. Have some _______________. 2. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. There are more female workers than male workers. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. 3. 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone. Examples: There is much food on my plate. 7. I need __________ time to finish my report. Take one if you like. 9. 1. 1. 8. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. 3. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. There are _____________ cookies. 6. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. 5. 1. 10. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. Don’t eat too _____________. Doing business presentation is __________________. 2. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. I _________________ customer complaints. . Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2.

I work in the research department. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. yet exciting. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. Jefferson. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. A: ________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. I’m Mr. B: Oh. A: Nice to meet you. Jade. . South America is a very beautiful place. A: ________________________________. Anne. B: . A: Yeah. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. Jefferson. then you are the person I should talk to. B: Nice to meet you too. B: _____________________________________. B: I’m Jade.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: ___________________________________. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. B: A: Tiring. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. Student A Student B A: Hi. I arrange meetings for Mr. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. A: Say. it does. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. I’m Anne Bowles. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? . Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. we can keep our share in the world market. By doing so. Unfortunately. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. Jefferson’s new secretary.

Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. sleep ship slip 2. Look. Michael: Hey you look tired. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. sheep 4. 2. Neat knit 3. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. 2. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. 3. what have you done? 3. because of the delay at our production plant. 1. 1. Breezy 6. I’ll be back later this afternoon. Michelle: Okay.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I would have told Mary to leave. You should have been thrifty.100 - . My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . 1. Michael: Sure. eel ill 5. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences.

in a foreign country 4.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. 1. I have to travel _____________ this summer. Expect e) words. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. .101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. I could be a journalist ________________________________________. Vocabulary c) out of the country. 4. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. Overseas a) losing out 2. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. 1. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. 3. 1. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. 1. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. 2. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. 2. 5.

102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . A: No. Thank you for the invitation. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. . but I have to feed my children. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. B: I hate doing the dishes at home. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. too.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. Mr. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. 0921. B: Sorry. Ford of Office Supplies. B: __________________________________. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. but I don’t have his number. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. We both have busy careers. Say. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. What about you. so we eat out most of the time. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. A: Can you call Mr. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. B: __________________________________. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. we don’t eat too often at home.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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5. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip.and the sooner the better. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. The boys clock/clap their hands. 3. 1. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. The boat/coat is by the seashore. My boss loves reading/riding books. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. 4. The shoes feet/fit my feet. 1) Passports. . 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. visas and immunization requirements. This process can take up to eight weeks. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet .106 - . It won’t do any good. 1. Don’t talk/take too much. 2.

It’s a drama. _________________________________________________________________ 4. _________________________________________________________________ 3. She was an Asian artist. She did lots of amazing paintings. 1. It stars Sandra White. 4. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. I am a woman. 1.g. It’s about a girl. She frees the slaves. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. 3.107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. Examples: The book is about a woman. friendship). Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. 2.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. _________________________________________________________________ . She saved her parents marriage. _________________________________________________________________ 2. I fight for freedom. Rule 2: Use which or that for things.

B: Sure. I’m afraid I’m lost. one more thing please. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. can I help you? B: ________________________________. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. They have a big duty free shopping mall. A: My pleasure. If you get off at the city hall station. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: I’m Mr. Davis of Room #1113. . of course. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. please. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. B: __________________________________ A: Sure. B: _____________________________________. It’s only a five minute walk. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. sir. Fill-in this form please. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. B: Thank you. Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. B: By the way. may I help you? A: ______________________________. A: _______________________________. Student B A: ________________________________. please. A: Yes. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great.

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