Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

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Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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3. please. -4- . Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Bye. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 1. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. Can I take a message? Yes. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Thanks for the help. I’m afraid he’s not. Hi. It’s Rob. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. Bye.

2. In the past. I had a job interview yesterday. 4. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. We’ve just lowered our prices. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. patients. An ambulance took David to the hospital. visitors.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. 5. 1. 1) Annoy a) new. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. 1. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. 3. Our fax number has changed.

Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. Mother and Sons. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. JSG. B: __________________________ A: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. Bye. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Goodbye. Student A Student B A: Good morning. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. Goodbye. please. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. Student A A: Good morning. Miss Oh. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. this is Keira.

1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. B: Bye. B: I’m sorry ma’am. Could you put me on line 3 please. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. A: Bye.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. B: Giefan Research Company. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . -7- . I can take your message. how may we help you? A: Hello. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. She’s in a meeting right now. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. A: Oh…okay. I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. B: Okay.

I promise to do my homework. 2. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. Activity 1 3. She refuses to accept my proposal. We will refund you the money. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. won’t or would. The product with the better-known brand name. inevitably sells better than other products. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. you can use will not or won’t.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. 1. She refuses to accept his authority. 6. 3. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . The car won’t start. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. Refusal. Harvey phoned? 2. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. Promises 1. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. 4.

A: _______________________________. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. A: ______________________________. Student A Student B A: . but haven’t got a call from him yet. he can’t make it to the office today. Mr. yes. Oh’s office. A: Well. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. B: . A: Ah. B: Hi. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Well then. Oh has been expecting your email. A: _____________________________. may I help you? B: . B: Really? Well. B: Thank you. A: ____________________________. may I talk to Mr. this is kind of urgent too. B: That’s too bad. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. B: Hi. B: . . A: Oh. A: Of course. Oh’s call. B: _____________________________________.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. Oh. But I’m afraid Mr. this is I was expecting Mr. A: Mr. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. Student A Student B A: Mr. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. Oh’s office.

good.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. Vince: That’s good to hear. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Vince: Oh. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. 1. Thanks. 3. But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. Hello.10 - . How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. 2. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. Jen: Well. They’re very common here. A sand snake. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. Jen: Well. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. Vince: Oh. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. Jen: . Jen: Indeed. as you know. Well. yes. According to our market study. then. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. I guess that’s not so surprising. We feel your proposal is very interesting. Vince.

suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. 2. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. 4. 2. 1. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. 1. offer. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. The extent of one’s possibilities c. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. . to take notice of. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. to express gratitude for e. 5. urgent need b. 3. something received after a transaction is made d.

A: _______________________________ B: Oh. B: ____________________________? A: Yes. . B: A: Well. yes. indeed. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. A: B: My pleasure. . Snider. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. __ . We’ll just wait for your call then. A: _. Student A Student B A: Hello. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. A: _. B: Sure. A: ______________________________. B: Oh. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. B: ____________________________. Snider. I think so. Take your time. B: ____ A: Yes. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. We are interested in your offer. B: Bye. B: . well then. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. B: ____________________________. This is Mr. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. Bye. A: Yes. Student A Student B A: Hi. I think so. Bob. I am sure we can help you with the project. Mr.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Thanks for the help.

had. Thank you very much. He’ll prefer to pay cash. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. He’d prefer to pay cash. This is Innis speaking. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. 2.13 - . 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’d be glad to. 2. Sure. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. It’s Lance. 1. OK. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. Lance. I’ll send it off now. . You’re welcome. Full word did. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. would will ( I will) 1.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently.

1. Financial Report 2. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. to feel curiosity or doubt d. Polite 3.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U .g. 3. . e. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. occurring or existing at the present time c. 1. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. a report about the finances of an establishment e. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite.g. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. yearly b. 2. 5. Annual 5. Current 4. Wondering a. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. 4. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word.

A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. Simons please. A: ___________________________ B: Sure.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’d like to speak to Mr. It’s Candy on the line. C: Hi. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. Candy. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. I have it with me. A: _________________________ C: Yes. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure. Simons. B: ____________________________ A: Mr.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Student A A: Hi. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. This is Mr. It’s Candy. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. . Candy. hold on.

I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. His aunt called. 4. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. Snakes hiss out of fear. sir. 4. Billy left a mess in the sink.second Ron: .16 - . * ext . How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. My eyes are tired. Brian: Sure. 2.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Ron: Yeah. Ron: Hello Brian.extension * sec . 5. Voiced 1. Hello. Brian speaking. Can you put me through to ext. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Brian: Hi. How nice of you to come! 2. This is Ron of J&J Korea. Brian: It’s great to hear that. 5. Let’s keep in touch through email. 3. We eat rice every day. 2. 1. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order.

1. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. you can. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. Can I use your computer? Sure. . Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________. go ahead. 5. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. I’m afraid you can’t. 3. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. 2. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Could I come back later? No. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. 4. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. Activity Answer the questions. May I use your mobile phone? No. 4. May and could are also used to ask for permission. enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. but not to refuse permission. 3. They are more formal than can. you can’t. 5.

I’ll be expecting your call. I really want to recommend it to everyone. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: OK. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. . A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . A: ____________________________. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. right after the meeting. . A: ____________________________. It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. I went to see a movie with some friends. B: Talk to you later. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. B: ______________________________. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. B: Good. Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute.

How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. Hello. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. How do you spell “please”? b. a.Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Chris. 2. 3. How’s everything? Not bad. How do you spell “police”? 2. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. How do you spell “forest”? b. a. Oh. a. thanks! This is Ben. Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. What kind of train is it? b. Are you on vacation? Yes.19 - . 1. Ben. 1. He’s from Mozambique. . so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. I am. I’m sure I will. this is my second trip. What kind of terrain is it? 3. How are you? Pretty good.

Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful. we.4 .4 . your. her. Possessive adjectives are my. you. she. it.2 . 3. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. good. his. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 5. __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .2 . Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. you. our. he. its.1 .3 .5 .20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks. 4. and they.2 .2 . _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever. amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I.4 . Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument.4 . Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. 2. your. their.

And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. . B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. So I will see you there then. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. But please call me Brad. are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. Student A A: Hello. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around. My name’s Brad Cruz.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’m Lisa Tailor. You can call me Liz.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ____________________________ B: Okay.

2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. c) With a new colleague. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. 1. I really miss this kind of weather. Stress the first syllable. How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. 4. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year.22 - . _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. __________________ 3.__________________ 2. it’s beautiful. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. 5. In Korea. Well. 1. . b) With a stranger while on a trip. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. You are lucky for that. 2.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. 3.

liking 4.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. Initiate d. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e.g. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. associate 7. act. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2. to be expected 3. unicycle 3. Preference f. and test). straight. to start 2. probable. Indirect c. not direct. wishful 5. Likely e. It is the foundation of the word. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. multicolored 4. Colleague a. (e. to begin. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix.g.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . form. Direct b. brotherhood . 1.g. nonstop 5. nasty 6. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun.g. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. a prefix and a suffix. coworker. Unpleasant g. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. unlikable. first choice.

A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Okay see you later then.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below... Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all. Candy Miles. You can knock on my door anytime. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. B: _____________________________ A: Okay. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy.

that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. What? You were disgusted? 5. Read and say the statements below. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. Great. That was exciting! 4.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I see you’ve learned the ropes. Goodness. but I will definitely be there. So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually. I’m happy for you. 2. You really scared me! 3. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better. I’ll see you then. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. Thank you for inviting me. but all is well. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company.25 - . Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. 1. Wonderful. 1. That was wonderful! 2.m. it’s Lee. I’ll see you on Friday then. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch.

Your work was amazing. I was bored by our boss. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 2. I find the documentaries _______________. Our boss was boring. _____________________________. ______________________________. 4. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. 3. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. (interest) 2. The novel was fascinating. The party was boring. 1. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. 3. 4. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. The music sounds exciting. . Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. _____________________________. ______________________________. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. A: ______________________________ B: OK. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Student A A: Hi Kate. B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . A: _______________________________ B: Hmm.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. Create your own dialogs and practice them.

3. 1.Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Tonight. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. 2.31 - . How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? .

Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . but it makes her happy.g. ______ old friend of my sister. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). The book is on the table. .g. Kristy. 2. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. and become _____ English teacher instead. An < indefinite article (not a specific object.g. e.g. e. So she decided to quit. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. 3. It isn't _____ easy life. provinces. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. Yashie has a cat. Jasper is an engineer. but she hated her job. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals. Do not use an article along with countries. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. She was ______ honest. transport and places. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. used to work in downtown Los Angeles. states.

33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . How do you like it? With tonic. A: ______________________________. would you? .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. glad to see you. I ordered a whisky. B: A: Fine. B: A: Well. I’d prefer a gin tonight. but it just tastes better that way. or on the rocks? You name it. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. Student A Student B A: Mr. Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. I could go for a martini. A: ____________________________. B: __________________________________ A: Yes. but very dry. . A: _____________________________. what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. A: Well. A: ____________________________. Gaines. Gaines. B: Whisky is my favorite. too. B: Sure. no thanks. I always take mine straight up.

. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. But now I don’t want to. I hope you like it. Are You right.34 - . But now I don’t have to. Mine’s Sally. 4. 2. 3. I’m heading that way. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. I’m sure I will. I. 1. I wanted to walk to work. I had to bring my books to school. You can come to the party with me. Here we are. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. sorry am I late am helping. 5. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. Thanks me for am. Sally Dunes. Pleased to meet you.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Have you been to Singapore before? No. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. Only if you really want to. this is my first visit. 2. Well. Pleased to meet you too. 1. 3.

5. She can solve math problems quickly. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. They were able to meet their expectations. I think Tessa is able to do it. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability. 4. 3. 2. Teddy was able to work yesterday. Heading 2. My children can dance and sing. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. You can take one if you like. 2. Just give her enough time. I can bake chocolate cookies well. We are able to memorize the speech. . 4. Maria is able to speak Korean. 9. 3. Accent a) pronunciation. 7. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. 1. Visit 3. 1. 6.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . 8.

A: Here we are. Let me take you there. Student A A: Hi. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. please. A: ____________________________. Hope you find the place has everything you need. B: ______________________________.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. Say. I can’t find the baggage department. A: ____________________________. . B: Yes I am. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. A: Yeah it is. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. A: It’s at the main door. are you new here? B: ___________________________________. B: I’m sure it does. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. Can I help you? B: ____ .

Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language.37 - . 2. Mara? B: Well. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. . what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. B: Yeah. French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. A: Lucky you. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. 3. It’s my dream to speak Spanish. Discuss these questions. B: Great! Good luck to you. 1. I’ve saved money. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. That sounds exciting.

1. _______________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________ 5. 1. Exciting d) reserve.g._______________________________________________________________ 2. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time. I’m going to finish my thesis.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.g. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. to keep safe 5. Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. _______________________________________________________________ 4. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city. Rule 3: Making predictions e.________________________________________________________________ . Native c) register 4. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.g. Enroll e) natural. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense.

A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. A: _______________________________ B: A little. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. I started learning Spanish in January. . still working on it. I’ll let you know later. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. I find it quite difficult.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea.

I’m going over and asking her on a date. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. 3. Stress the underlined word. Hens lay eggs. Notice the differences. 2. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. 6.40 - . Okay. Good luck! . 2. 3. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. They warned the passengers. it’s called body language. 7. Hold on Brian. she’s looking this way.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. 1. 4. 1. 8. They saved a 1000 dollars. They paid us a huge amount. 5. Pete. Body language plays a vital role in communication. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. They pay us a huge amount. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. Hens laid eggs. Discuss these questions. They save a 1000 dollars. They warn the passengers.

1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended. Who ________________________________________________________? 4. 1. Where ______________________________________________________? 3.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below. How ________________________________________________________? 6. When _______________________________________________________? 2. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. What _______________________________________________________? .

Create your own dialogs and practice them. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. he’s still behind you now. B: As a matter of fact. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. B: ________________________________.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. I was waving at my dad behind you. Student A Student B A: Hi. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways. B: ________________________________. A: _______________________________. I’m sorry. OK. I saw you waving your hand at me. B: That’s okay. A: Oh. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . B: Oh. A: Oh. A: _______________________________.

Hmm… let me practice bowing. 3. 4.43 - . I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. but there’s one thing I noticed. I think so. 2. I haven’t. He seems really nice. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . the new student from Korea? No. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. 1.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. Professor Brooklyn is here. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.

too. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. (So do cats and dogs. _____________________________________________________________________ 4.) He doesn’t know the answer. we move our eyes about. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. 2. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. it will interfere with your dreams. either. 6. 1. 3. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . Mr. 8. Peter doesn’t know. 1. Watching English TV shows is fun too. 2. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. 7. When we dream. _____________________________________________________________________. Iverson didn’t know either. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. If you drink alcohol. Smoking isn’t good for our health. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. 4. _____________________________________________________________________ . _____________________________________________________________________. 3.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I think reading English books is fun. 5. (Neither does Peter.

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. B: Yeah. A: ____________________________. maybe because it’s hot there. B: Yeah. I just got home last night. A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: Well. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. . A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines.m. I did. There are beautiful beaches everywhere. A: ____________________________. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice.

Liz: You’re right Joe! .46 - . Liz: Hmm. Joe: See. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. 3. 2. 1. 2. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. taller than most basketball players. Discuss these questions. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. The mice jumped over the cup. They shook their heads. Liz: Asians are short. 3. 1. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Joe: I don’t think so. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. Please shut the door. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway.

Although: in spite of the fact that. Park’s mistake. 4. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. she keeps asking me to do her reports. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. she agreed to marry him. She works hard __________ of her backache. she decided to go away. Imply 3. 5. ___________ my advice. e. Mistaken 4. e. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. 9. 8.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. is not something really controlled. ________ she knew he was not good looking. 6. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. in spite of. 1. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. ________ of poverty. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. 3. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. he still scolded Mr. he works as a doorman. Kim for it. 7.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .g. even though. Positive idea 6. he’s now a successful medical doctor. Exist 5. 10. . Instant 2.g. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. __________ he’s the President’s son. 1. 2.

A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. I haven’t. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie.48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I know. B: _______________________________ A: No. I didn’t mean to scare you. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. Bye! . A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. And he is very strict like him. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. you’ll be fine. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. nice to see you here. you must watch out. he’s our boss’ son. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh.

You could have taken the leftovers home.Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.49 - . 1. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. but it was too heavy. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag. 2. 5. . I guess I won’t be staying here too long. A: Oh. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Really? Yeah. 4. 3.

4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. Examples: 1. 3. 4. 3. 5. ________________________________________. coffee cream 7. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. words 6. 2. 2. ________________________________________. glasses of milk 5. 1.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . . ________________________________________. Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. soda 4. ________________________________________. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. ________________________________________. 4. 1. ________________________________________. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. women 2. tea 3.

B: To Kelly’s house. Let’s bring a Merlot. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . I’ll pay my share later. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. Create your own dialogs and practice them. She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. A: ______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _____________________________. can you please get one. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B .

So when can I start? As soon as you register. 4. Actually. that sounds relaxing. 5. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. I would love to. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. would you like to join me? Well. It’s just meditation. Thanks! . What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. 1. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. The class is only twice a week. 3. isn’t it? Not really. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Oh. it’s more than that.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Here’s the form.52 - . Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. 2. but I’m quite busy these days. Say.

Quality a) synchronization. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. Quick 2. wholly. Register e) no meat diet 6.in a …. Samson. The painting looks real. __________ I won the lotto. feature 4. 4. Kind 6. 5. 3. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. 1. in agreement 2. 2. 1. Quite d) frequently. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. __________ I don’t know the answer either. Harmony c) characteristic. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. habitually 5. __________ give this report to Mr. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. choose and write the best answer for each blank.way etc. They were painted ____________.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 1.g. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. actually 3. He needs it badly. Vegetarian diet b) completely. The flowers are beautiful. Honest 5. e. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’. She _________ got up and walked way.

B: She goes to aerobics class. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: ____________________________. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots. B: Oh. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. Usually she goes before work. A: . I have. Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ .54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. B: _________________________________. they hate exercising.

What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. 4. She’s tall and slim. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. She’s not tall or slim. A: Hi.55 - . 2. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 5. 1. B: Wow. He’s of average height and has green eyes. 3. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. 2. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. A: Well. Liz! B: Hello. she must be very pretty. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. see for yourself. 3. Nat. .

Slim 4. and Dinah doesn’t. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. Average 2. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . They look exactly alike. Curly 3. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. e. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. They ______ both tall.g. Enjoy 5. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . 1. height. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose. and weight. They _______ about 15 years old.

He’s my boss.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. today. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: __________________________ B: What!? . A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p. B: ________________________________ A: Wait. I think I know the guy. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height.m. He works at Joy Research Agency. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited.

I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. 4. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. nephew 11. 2. Only if I’m lucky. You know what they say.58 - . aunt 8. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. opposites attract. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. 3. niece 10. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. 1. 4. cousin 12. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. uncle 9. She buys me nice things all the time. You are probably right. 2. 1. We are just too similar. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. . What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. 6. 5. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below.

2. 4.g. 4.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Our apartment building is off the Main Street. 1. Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1. e.g. 5. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ . Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from. 2. 5. e. 3. 3. A tile has come off the floor.

A: ______________________________. . A: That will be nice. They’ll spend a week with us. I’ll take them to the lake. B: ________________________________. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. B: I think so too. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. A: ____________________________.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Now I know where to bring them. B: _____________________________________.isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. B: Yeah. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. I’m sure they’ll like it. B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. A: ______________________________. B: Yeah it is. A: I’m sure they will. B: Great idea. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now.

How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. It just seems like yesterday. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. 2. 3. Who won the English speech contest? 3. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. B: Wow. Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. 3. Now. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. 2. 4. What did you want to be when you were young? . Sandy Long. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. 1. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper.61 - . Questions: 1. 5. time really flies. B: Oh. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. The swan swam over the pond. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. 1. A proper copper coffee pot.

4. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. 8. 3. 5. 1. month and years) 3. When did you get married? __________________________________. place 2. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. I got married in July 2003. Where is your office? ________________________________________.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 9. a job or a situation 4. 2. Smith? _________________________________________. a point during a longer period of time (week. 7. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in. 6. 1. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. . 4. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. 10. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. What year were you born? ___________________________________. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Where’s Mr. 5. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. 2.

A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. A: ____________________________. He always ends up hitting his brother. . B: You’d better get their number. Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. B: ______________________________. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. His parents are always out of town.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. A: Kids today are very different. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. yesterday. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. B: That’s not nice. A: And. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. They have to know what their son’s doing. B: ___________________________________. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. B: ___ . A: Well. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. A: Sad to say no I haven’t.63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .

B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah. 1. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo. A: There must be magic in that place. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. B: Yeah I heard. .64 - . A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. A: Sorry Tommy. 3.Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. 2. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. 4. I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight.

The guests shall come on time. Perfect 3. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. Tie the knot 2. 2. Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. Shall I give you my number? 6. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Hymn 5. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. 10. 1.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. He shall surely come in a week. Bare 4. . It shall be delivered right away. Shall we dance? 4. They shall see us before office hours. Shall I bring her in? 8. 3. 9. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. 1. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Shall I lend him money? 7.

A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. Belle. thanks for bringing me here. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. A: ______________________________ B: Well. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. I will. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. B: _________________________________ A: So. I’ll see you soon. . I love music. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. B: ________________________________ B: Ted. DZFM plays that song over and over again.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. Student A A: Say.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too.

B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. she’s not the one. 4. . 2. A: Nah. 3. 1. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine.67 - . She’s no longer a friend of mine. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.

Examples: There is some bread on the table. both for countable and uncountable. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. 1. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. There isn’t any bread on the table.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. The _____ CEO started his own company.” 1. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . 3. 1. butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. 2. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. Therefore she’s a distant _________. Love is __________. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. both for countable and uncountable. We use any in negative sentences. 2. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece. 3.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5.

I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. I still have it with me. the R2 Band. A: Well. B: . Mr. B: _____________________________________. B: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. B: A: That’s great. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. A: Yeah. B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . Maurice. . A: Yeah. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will. B: Well. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. Rice works there as the information officer. Mary’s coming over this weekend. A: ________________________________. B: Same here. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. . It’s been ten years. They were the most popular band back then. we’re both busy with our careers. I’m glad I bumped into you today.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. Student A Student B A: Greg. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. By the way.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .

dictionary _ 9.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible. 2." . clothes _ 7. but the silence of our friends. 1.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best." .70 - . If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3. table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. business _ 10. 5. (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) ." ." . 3.Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory. 1. 4." .Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6. clothing _ 8. Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2." .Martin Luther King Jr." .Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault. we will remember not the words of our enemies.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has." . we must do what is required.

(really good/skating) 2. so she goes flying every weekend. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. 2. 1. (really good/ flying a plane). Woods is good at playing golf. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. (driving/really good) 4. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. She does not play golf well. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. Examples: 1. 5. so she plays hockey everyday. so he’s works as a driver. 1.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. My sister ________________________________. (play golf/not very well) 3. I ____________________________________. Select two famous people and describe them. She ____________________________________. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. so I usually burn the food.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 4. (cook/not well) . Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. Martin _________________________________. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis.

B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. I can’t sleep. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. B: I know.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. it does sound like a stressful job. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah. That way I feel safe and secure. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . President! . B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. I did. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him. A: . B: _________________________________ A: Oh. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Kurt. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. B: ______________________________ A: Lately. Donald is asking me to work with him. Student A Student B A: Hi. B: ___________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. I received a lot of death threats. A: ____________________________. B: Mr.

Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. it’s more affordable than most other schools. . It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. Good! I have to check that out. I think Loma Linda is better.73 - . No problem. Ring me up if you have any other questions. Thanks.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’ve never heard of that school. UC and Loma Linda. 4. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. 2. 3. 1. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.

good 10. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. beautiful 2. 2. within your means c) pleased. reasonable 9. handsome 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. She’s ____________________ two lovers. affordable 8.t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ . nice 7. Medical professionals 3.74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . crazy 3. The prices are reasonable and ___________. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ . 1. Caught between 2. Affordable 4. David Bloom shirts are on sale. wonderful 6. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. 1. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. great 4. 1.

Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: __________________________ B: Thank you. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. B: _____________________________ A: Well. I’ll tell him that when I get home. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. I heard admission is very tough there. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. A: What university did you graduate from. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. A: _______________________________ B: Yes. .75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . it is. My sister works in the register’s office.

Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. k. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. That sounds like a mess. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. m. 3. A: I see. j. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. 2. 3. r. n. z and with the letter combination th. . Well. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. v. 1. l. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. 2. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. p.76 - . Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. w. They are the following: 1. That explains the line-up. g.

have ask write 7. 3. 8. get 4. 4. take 5. work 2. 1. shut 6. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. 9. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. read . 5. lift 3.

.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. B: What? You mean the registration form? . A: ______________________________. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. B: Thanks. B: Thanks. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out. B: _____________________________________. I appreciate your help. A: ____________________________. .78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: Actually I’m almost there. A: _______________________________. B: _________________________________ . B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. I’ll be back in a minute. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. A: Yes. B: . A: _____________________________.

B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. ______________ 3. just the one inside the Trade Mall. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below.79 - .Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before. . B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. 2. 3. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. _________________ 2. 1. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to.

Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. 1. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. 7. 1. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. Recently c) something to read.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . She __________ do a lot of extra reading. Literature d) lately 5. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. 2. 2. 1. 4. We __________ take a nap after lunch. . We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. We should work hard. text 4. I ___________ finish reading my book soon.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. 6. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. 5. On sale a) work of fiction 2. 3. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. I’ve just read a good book ________________.

A: That would be nice. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. A: ____________________________. B: Yeah. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: Don’t mention it.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. B: ______________________________. A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. A: ____________________________. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . I can lend you my discount card. A: ____________________________. A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. B: ____ . B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. The book is quite expensive. I’m sure you’ll find one there.

Like a mouse. I’m sure it has the number. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. What does “wrath” mean? b. How do you spell “both” b. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. a. I searched the net. Where is the booth? b. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). B: Try the telephone directory. Where is the boot? 6. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. 2. a. 3. 4. A: I’ll do that. 1. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. 1. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. a. The student says the matching answer. What does “faith” mean? b. What is a bath for? b.82 - . . To play ball. How do you spell “Root”? 7. I wonder what the prerequisites are. How do you spell “boat” 3. a. a. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. a. What does “fate” mean? 4. How do you spell “math”? b. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. RUTH ROOT Anger. What is a bat for? 2. a.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. How do you spell “mat”? 5.

4. . 5.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . ______________________________________________. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 2. ______________________________________________. I won’t be late. Some things will never change. ill-fated c) Abbr. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. 1. Examples: I’ll do that. 2. 4. 3.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. ______________________________________________. 3. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. 5. 1.

A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. Student A Student B A: Hello. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. I took that last semester. Registrar’s Office. B: ________________________________ A: It says here.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. . B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website.

3. 2. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. b. b. We admire all you work.85 - . I don’t like numbers.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. They closed everything a. b. B: Yeah. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. 6. Student: Present. They hire new employees on Friday. b. The dogs scared every cat. Some speakers bored us. They pour milk into the glass. b. 7. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. b. 3. 5. a. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. a. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. two days to cram everything into my head! . They poured milk into the glass. They feared every animal. a. a. They hired new employees on Friday. 2. 1. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. Do you think they care about politics? b. They fear every animal. Do you think they cared about politics? a. Oh boy. 4. Some speakers bore us. b. We admired all you work a. They close everything. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. 1. 8. a. The dogs scare every cat.

5. 3. Bother 2. problem d)hardly. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. Cram 4. _______________________________________________. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. _______________________________________________. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. Finals 5. 1. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. _______________________________________________.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 4. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. Examples: I must remember her name. Midterm 3. 2. .

B: I didn’t hear about it. A: _______________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. Mr. A: If you need some help. B: Yeah. A: Well you should. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. B: . A: ______________________________. but you’ve only got two hours to do it. I was absent that day. B: Thanks. A: ____________________________. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. . but no. I should study now. B: No. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. It looks like I have to cram tonight. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . . Kim announced it last week. B: __________________________________ . I’d be happy to help you. I can manage on my own.

3. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. 8. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . 24/02/07 V. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality. 3. 7. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. 5. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. 2. 1. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. she continued to keep in touch with me. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Sincerely yours. 9. After her schooling. 1.88 - . 2. 4.

Examples: The letter was too long. . Fame 5. 9. 3. It’s not good for his health. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. 7. 1. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. Sorry. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Recommend 2. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. The food’s not enough for four people. 6. 2. 8. I am _________ eager to see you. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. Wealth 4. enough (not enough) or very. The room is good _________ for two. I am ______ happy to meet you. 5. He drinks ______ much. Is the food ________ for you? 10. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. 4. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. Determined 3. She’s _____ good to be true. but that’s _________ for us. 1. The presentation was _____ long. You are _____ beautiful.

. I never thought I’d get it. l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. A: We’re going to miss you so much. Student B A: . B: I know. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. so grab it. B: I’m sure I will miss you too.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. B: ___________________________________. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. B: ______________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. I was surprised to hear the news myself. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. A: ____________________________. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . I can’t say how pleased I am.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. A: I believe so. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. A: ____________________________. B: Thank you. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. have a seat please. You won’t even notice that I’m not here. A: ____________________________.

Isaac? A: Yes. B: Thanks. 3. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. _________________. . 1. Singapore is pretty safe to go. I do. but it’s not too big. 2. Underline the stressed words. 1. B: ____________________ Sir. put pot but pin hut 5. though.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. ______________________________________ Mr. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. 1. she’s really funny. She’s not very pretty. B: Listen and practice the each word below. Lee of PWBC. and it’s not very expensive. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. How may I help you? B: ____________________. ______________________? B: Yes.91 - . can pain pan man mane 2. bit but dip date pit 3.. A: It’ll be there in a minute. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. phone cone hole hot hit 4. 2. His office is just right there! A: Sir. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. 3. It’s a fairly big building. My name’s Mr. Circle the words with different vowel sounds.

4. 2. Just ____________ errors were made. please. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. make up 4. 1. There are a few apples left in the box. 3. 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 4. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. 5. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. 1. oranges 3. 1. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . 5.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . flour 2. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. books 5. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. _______ butter on my bread. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. 3.

Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. Mr. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. Benjamin. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. I’m fine. Tunney. please. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. Let me get you an ashtray. Long time no see. No cream and just sugar please.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . let me take that. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Bolton will be here in a minute. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Tunney. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. not at all. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. I will. We’re happy to have you here Mr. Everything’s well in the market. B: ________________________________ A: Here.

A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. Pleased to meet you. A: Good morning Jay. . (nice) 4. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. Me too! A: And this is Grace. (mice) 2. 3. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with.Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. (ties) 3. A: This is your cubicle here. Welcome to the sales department. He has worked with us since last year. She’s the youngest employee in this office. Thanks. I’m really excited about working with all of you. This is Teddy Crams. B: Wow! This is great. B: Hi Teddy. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. The ______run fast. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. B: Thanks Cindy. You need to pay the ________. She’s a ________ person. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves.94 - . 4. I go to yoga class ________ a week. These ______ are too fancy for me. (price) 5. 1. 2. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. B: Thanks Harry.

(love) . Employee c) one that is the least old 4. ______ will wash the dishes. Example: It is on the table. ( Adrian) 10. it. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. Humps) 8. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. 1. Floor d) worker. (you) 7. you. ( an owl) 2. ______ do the presentation in a little while.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. ______ keeps the records. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. (the secretary) 5. ______ are talkative. he. Youngest b) a workspace. 1. a booth 3. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. and they. ( your daughter) 6. (Mr. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. (your colleagues) 4. ______ is a principle not a feeling.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . ______ are going to attend the meeting. she. ______ works hard. (You and Jeff) 3. Cubicle a) ground. story 2. The subjective pronouns are: I. we.

A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. our custodian. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. Thanks.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. welcome to the team. A: . Let me introduce you to our staff. B: _________________________________ A: By the way. Rachel: Hi Linda. she’s an intern. B: _________________________________ A: Great. A: This is Andy. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . Edwards secretary. B: ___________________________________. B: Sure. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. He’s very friendly. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. B: Hope so too Rachel. she’s our data encoder. I started working in this company last summer. B: Thanks Ralph. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. A: This is Rachel. Thanks! . A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. this is Lisa. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. she’s Mr. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. A: ____________________________.

prepare sales presentations. 3. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. 4. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. to name a few. who makes the final decision? In your department. A: Say. I arrange appointments with clients. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. 4. Describe your current job. 2. negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. A: Hi Marianne. 3. I’m still trying to figure things out. 2. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. .97 - .Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 1. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. 5. A: That really sounds interesting. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day.

We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. 4. Receptionist b) demanding. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. tough 3. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. Take one if you like. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. I _________________ customer complaints. 5. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. 2. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. 1. Don’t eat too _____________. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. 7. 9. There are _____________ cookies. . 3. 3. I need __________ time to finish my report. Examples: There is much food on my plate. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. 2. 1. 6. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. 8. Doing business presentation is __________________. 1. There are more female workers than male workers.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Have some _______________. 10.

Student A Student B A: Hi. A: Say. I’m Mr. A: Nice to meet you. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. B: . I meet with people from about 12 different countries. B: _____________________________________. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. B: Nice to meet you too. South America is a very beautiful place. then you are the person I should talk to. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. A: Yeah. B: I’m Jade. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. I’m Anne Bowles. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. yet exciting. we can keep our share in the world market. . B: ___________________________________. Jefferson. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. Jefferson’s new secretary. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? . Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. Anne.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: A: Tiring. B: Oh. it does. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. Jefferson. A: ________________________________. I work in the research department. I arrange meetings for Mr. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. By doing so. Jade. A: ________________________________. Unfortunately.

2. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences.100 - . eel ill 5. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Look. I would have told Mary to leave. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. Neat knit 3. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. Michael: Sure. Michelle: Okay. Breezy 6. 1. 3. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. 1. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. You should have been thrifty.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. sheep 4. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . sleep ship slip 2. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. 2. Michael: Hey you look tired. I’ll be back later this afternoon. what have you done? 3. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. because of the delay at our production plant. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. 1.

I’d make a good writer because I love writing. 1. 1. Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. Expect e) words. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. Vocabulary c) out of the country. I could be a journalist ________________________________________. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. I have to travel _____________ this summer. 1. in a foreign country 4. 5. 2. Overseas a) losing out 2.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. 4. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. 1.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Office supplies b) look forward to 3. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. . I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 3. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. 2.

B: I hate doing the dishes at home. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. Say. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. too. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. Thank you for the invitation. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. so we eat out most of the time.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. 0921. B: __________________________________. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. but I have to feed my children. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. Ford of Office Supplies. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . . A: Can you call Mr. We both have busy careers. Mr. A: No. do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. but I don’t have his number. What about you. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. B: __________________________________. we don’t eat too often at home.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. B: Sorry. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

Don’t talk/take too much. 1. My boss loves reading/riding books. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. 3. 1.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.and the sooner the better. This process can take up to eight weeks. . 2. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet . 1) Passports. The shoes feet/fit my feet. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. 4. 5. It won’t do any good.106 - . 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. The boat/coat is by the seashore. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. visas and immunization requirements. The boys clock/clap their hands.

_________________________________________________________________ .107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . It stars Sandra White. It’s a drama. _________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________ 4. She did lots of amazing paintings. I am a woman. 2. 1. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. She saved her parents marriage. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. friendship). She was an Asian artist. It’s about a girl. Examples: The book is about a woman.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. I fight for freedom. _________________________________________________________________ 3. 3. Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. She frees the slaves. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. 1. 4.g.

B: __________________________________ A: Sure. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. sir. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. B: Sure. Fill-in this form please. It’s only a five minute walk. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. B: I’m Mr. B: Thank you. B: By the way. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. Student B A: ________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. A: My pleasure. They have a big duty free shopping mall. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. may I help you? A: ______________________________. . Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. If you get off at the city hall station.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . can I help you? B: ________________________________. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. please. Davis of Room #1113. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. B: _____________________________________. I’m afraid I’m lost. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. A: Yes. of course. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. A: _______________________________. please. one more thing please.

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