Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

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Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

5

Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. I’m afraid he’s not. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. Can I take a message? Yes. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. 1. 1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. It’s Rob. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. please. 3. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. Bye. Thanks for the help. -4- .Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. Bye. Hi.

5. An ambulance took David to the hospital. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. 3. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I had a job interview yesterday. 4. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers. In the past. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. visitors. 1. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. 1. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. We’ve just lowered our prices. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. patients. 1) Annoy a) new. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Our fax number has changed. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. 2.

Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. Goodbye. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. Bye. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. Miss Oh. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. Mother and Sons.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. JSG. Student A Student B A: Good morning. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. Goodbye. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. this is Keira. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. Student A A: Good morning. B: __________________________ A: Sure. please.

2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. B: I’m sorry ma’am. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. A: Oh…okay. I can take your message. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. B: Giefan Research Company. B: Okay. Could you put me on line 3 please. how may we help you? A: Hello. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. B: Bye. -7- .Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. She’s in a meeting right now. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. A: Bye.

The car won’t start. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. Refusal. won’t or would. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. She refuses to accept my proposal. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. We will refund you the money. 2. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. Promises 1. 4. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 1. The product with the better-known brand name. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. 3. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. inevitably sells better than other products. Activity 1 3. you can use will not or won’t. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. 6. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. Harvey phoned? 2. She refuses to accept his authority.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. I promise to do my homework. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke.

this is I was expecting Mr. A: Ah. B: Really? Well. Student A Student B A: . A: ______________________________. B: _____________________________________. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. he can’t make it to the office today. B: Hi. A: Of course. A: _____________________________. Oh’s office. B: . A: Well. this is kind of urgent too.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Oh. but haven’t got a call from him yet. B: Hi. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. B: That’s too bad. Well then. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back. may I talk to Mr. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. A: _______________________________.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. A: ____________________________. . Student A Student B A: Mr. Oh’s call. yes. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. A: Mr. But I’m afraid Mr. B: Thank you. Oh’s office. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. Mr. A: Oh. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: . Oh has been expecting your email. may I help you? B: .

This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. Vince: That’s good to hear. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. good. A sand snake. We feel your proposal is very interesting. Well. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Jen: . We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. Vince: Oh. Jen: Indeed. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. as you know. Hello. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. Jen: Well.Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. 1. Thanks. They’re very common here. then. Vince. yes.10 - . But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. According to our market study. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Jen: Well. 2. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. Vince: Oh. I guess that’s not so surprising.

*** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. something received after a transaction is made d. 2. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 1. urgent need b. 2. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. 3. 1.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . to take notice of. 3. 5. The extent of one’s possibilities c. . offer. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. to express gratitude for e. suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple.

__ . B: ____________________________? A: Yes. Bye. B: Bye. Student A Student B A: Hi. Snider. We’ll just wait for your call then. A: ______________________________. This is Mr. . A: Yes. B: Sure. We are interested in your offer. Mr. indeed. I am sure we can help you with the project. Snider. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: . B: Oh. A: _. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Take your time. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. . Student A Student B A: Hello. A: B: My pleasure. Bob. yes.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I think so. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. B: ____ A: Yes. Thanks for the help. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. I think so. B: A: Well. well then. B: ____________________________. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. A: _. B: ____________________________. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply.

had. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. He’ll prefer to pay cash. 3. Sure.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.13 - . 2. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Thank you very much. This is Innis speaking. would will ( I will) 1. OK. Full word did. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. Lance. I’ll send it off now. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. He’d prefer to pay cash. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. You’re welcome. 1. 2. I’d be glad to. It’s Lance. .

to feel curiosity or doubt d. Annual 5. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite.g. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . yearly b. e.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word. 2. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________. 4. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. 5. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. Current 4. 3. 1. . 1. Wondering a. Polite 3.g. Financial Report 2. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. a report about the finances of an establishment e. occurring or existing at the present time c.

Candy. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. This is Mr. It’s Candy. A: _________________________ C: Yes. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. .15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Simons. Candy. C: Hi. Simons please. I’d like to speak to Mr. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. B: ____________________________ A: Mr. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi. Student A A: Hi. It’s Candy on the line. hold on. I have it with me. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure.

Brian: Sure. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Voiced 1. Can you put me through to ext. 4. This is Ron of J&J Korea. Snakes hiss out of fear. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. 3. We eat rice every day. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. sir. 2. His aunt called. 2. Brian speaking. 5. Ron: Hello Brian. My eyes are tired. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. Let’s keep in touch through email. 5. Billy left a mess in the sink. How nice of you to come! 2.extension * sec . Ron: Yeah.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 4. Brian: It’s great to hear that. Hello. Brian: Hi.16 - . 1. * ext .second Ron: .

you can. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. They are more formal than can. go ahead. Could I come back later? No. 1. 2. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. Activity Answer the questions. May and could are also used to ask for permission. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. May I use your mobile phone? No. 2. but not to refuse permission. 5. 3. 3. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. 4. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone. . enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. 4. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. you can’t. Can I use your computer? Sure.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . 1. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. I’m afraid you can’t. 5.

A: ______________________________ B: OK. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. A: ____________________________. B: Talk to you later. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. A: ____________________________.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . . I really want to recommend it to everyone. right after the meeting. A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . It’s controversial so I decided to watch it.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. B: ______________________________. I’ll be expecting your call. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. B: Good. I went to see a movie with some friends. . Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute.

The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. How do you spell “police”? 2. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. 2. a. Oh. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. Chris. . I am. How do you spell “forest”? b. What kind of train is it? b. 1. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How are you? Pretty good. 1. Hello. I’m sure I will. this is my second trip. a.19 - . Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. thanks! This is Ben.Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Are you on vacation? Yes. so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. What kind of terrain is it? 3. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. a. 3. How’s everything? Not bad. How do you spell “please”? b. He’s from Mozambique. Ben.

its. and they. your. Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. she.20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .3 . it. 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful.2 .4 . he.2 . Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument. you. 1.4 . __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .5 . 4.2 . his. good. our.1 . 5. you.4 . Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. 2. amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. Possessive adjectives are my. Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective.2 .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. their. her.4 . we. 3. your. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks.

A: ____________________________ B: Okay.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. So I will see you there then. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. . B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. Student A A: Hello. And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. You can call me Liz. My name’s Brad Cruz. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. But please call me Brad. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. I’m Lisa Tailor. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi.

22 - . b) With a stranger while on a trip. 1. 3. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. 1. Well. __________________ 3. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year.__________________ 2. . Stress the first syllable. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. 2. 5. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. it’s beautiful. I really miss this kind of weather. In Korea. 4. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. You are lucky for that. c) With a new colleague.

nonstop 5. Indirect c. and test). Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2.g. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. a prefix and a suffix.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . coworker. Initiate d. to be expected 3. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. Colleague a. form.g. multicolored 4. Likely e. (e. straight. Unpleasant g. liking 4. act. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. It is the foundation of the word. not direct. unlikable. unicycle 3. wishful 5. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e. brotherhood . *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. first choice. Direct b. Preference f. associate 7. probable. to start 2.g. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix. 1. to begin.g.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. nasty 6.

A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy.. B: _____________________________ A: Okay.. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Candy Miles. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Okay see you later then. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy. You can knock on my door anytime. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor. A: ________________________________ B: Cool.

Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. That was exciting! 4. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. I’ll see you on Friday then. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. What? You were disgusted? 5. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. Goodness. 1. So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually. I see you’ve learned the ropes. but all is well. May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . it’s Lee. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. I’m happy for you. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.25 - . You really scared me! 3.m. 2. but I will definitely be there. 1.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. Wonderful. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. Thank you for inviting me. Read and say the statements below. Great. I’ll see you then. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. That was wonderful! 2.

4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. 2. I was bored by our boss. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. 3. The music sounds exciting. The novel was fascinating. .26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . ______________________________. 4. _____________________________. I find the documentaries _______________. 3. 1. _____________________________. The party was boring. 4. Your work was amazing. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. Our boss was boring. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. (interest) 2. ______________________________. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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A: ______________________________ B: OK. Student A A: Hi Kate. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Create your own dialogs and practice them. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then.

a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly.Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . 3. Tonight.31 - . 1. 2. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds.

one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. Kristy. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. e. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). but it makes her happy. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1.g. transport and places. . hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. states. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e.g. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. So she decided to quit. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. 3. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels.g. and become _____ English teacher instead. Jasper is an engineer. Yashie has a cat. 2.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. e. Do not use an article along with countries. ______ old friend of my sister. The book is on the table. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. An < indefinite article (not a specific object. It isn't _____ easy life.g. She was ______ honest. but she hated her job. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object. provinces. used to work in downtown Los Angeles.

B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. Gaines. but it just tastes better that way. A: Well. B: __________________________________ A: Yes. would you? . A: _____________________________. How do you like it? With tonic. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. no thanks. B: A: Fine. what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________. Student A Student B A: Mr. too. I always take mine straight up. A: ____________________________. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes. B: Sure. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. I ordered a whisky. but very dry. B: A: Well. I’d prefer a gin tonight. B: Whisky is my favorite. Gaines.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . I could go for a martini. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. glad to see you. or on the rocks? You name it.

You can come to the party with me. I wanted to walk to work. 3. I. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Are You right.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. But now I don’t have to. 1. . this is my first visit. I’m sure I will. I hope you like it. sorry am I late am helping. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. I had to bring my books to school.34 - . 1. I’m heading that way. 3. Pleased to meet you. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. 2. Here we are. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. But now I don’t want to. Pleased to meet you too. Have you been to Singapore before? No. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. Sally Dunes. 4. Mine’s Sally. 2. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. Well. Only if you really want to. all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. Thanks me for am. 5.

Heading 2. Maria is able to speak Korean. 9. 2. 1. 1. 4. 1. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 8. My children can dance and sing. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. 3. Just give her enough time. Accent a) pronunciation. Teddy was able to work yesterday.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . I think Tessa is able to do it. 2. I can bake chocolate cookies well. . 4. You can take one if you like. 6. 5. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. 3. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. 7. She can solve math problems quickly. Visit 3. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. We are able to memorize the speech. They were able to meet their expectations.

A: Here we are. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. B: ______________________________. I can’t find the baggage department. Let me take you there.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: Yeah it is. please. B: I’m sure it does. B: Yes I am. are you new here? B: ___________________________________. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. Can I help you? B: ____ . A: It’s at the main door. Say. A: ____________________________. Student A A: Hi. Hope you find the place has everything you need.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ____________________________. .

It’s my dream to speak Spanish. B: Great! Good luck to you. Mara? B: Well. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. I’ve saved money. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. 3. 1. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. B: Yeah.37 - . then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. . French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. Discuss these questions. That sounds exciting. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school.Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. 2. A: Lucky you.

38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . _______________________________________________________________ 4. Enroll e) natural. Exciting d) reserve. 1. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e. Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2. _______________________________________________________________ 5.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. I’m going to finish my thesis. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense._______________________________________________________________ 2. Rule 3: Making predictions e.g. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.________________________________________________________________ .g.g. _______________________________________________________________ 3. 1. Native c) register 4. to keep safe 5. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time.

I find it quite difficult. Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. I started learning Spanish in January. still working on it. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _______________________________ B: A little. I’ll let you know later. . A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so.

Okay. 2. Discuss these questions. They save a 1000 dollars.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. 1. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. she’s looking this way. Body language plays a vital role in communication. They warned the passengers. 6. 7. Good luck! . I’m going over and asking her on a date. Hens lay eggs.40 - . 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 8. They paid us a huge amount. 3. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. 1. Notice the differences. 5. 4. Hold on Brian. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. 2. Hens laid eggs. it’s called body language. They warn the passengers. Pete. 3. Stress the underlined word. They pay us a huge amount. They saved a 1000 dollars.

Where ______________________________________________________? 3. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below. 1. repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Who ________________________________________________________? 4. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . When _______________________________________________________? 2. How ________________________________________________________? 6. What _______________________________________________________? .

B: ________________________________. Student A Student B A: Hi.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. Create your own dialogs and practice them. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. B: Oh. I saw you waving your hand at me. B: That’s okay. I was waving at my dad behind you. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. A: _______________________________. A: Oh. OK. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. I’m sorry. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways. B: ________________________________. he’s still behind you now.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . B: As a matter of fact. A: _______________________________. A: Oh.

Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. Professor Brooklyn is here. the new student from Korea? No. but there’s one thing I noticed. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. I haven’t. 2. I think so. He seems really nice.43 - . I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. Hmm… let me practice bowing. 4. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! . 1. 3. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture.

_____________________________________________________________________. too. _____________________________________________________________________ . it will interfere with your dreams. either. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. 6. (So do cats and dogs. 3. 1. I think reading English books is fun. common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. we move our eyes about. 3. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________________________. Iverson didn’t know either. (Neither does Peter. 2. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too. 8. 2.) He doesn’t know the answer. Watching English TV shows is fun too. Peter doesn’t know.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . 7. 1. Smoking isn’t good for our health. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. When we dream.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. 5. If you drink alcohol. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Mr. 4. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office.

. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice. There are beautiful beaches everywhere. B: Yeah. I did. maybe because it’s hot there. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. I just got home last night. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines.m. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. B: Well. B: Yeah.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. B: ____ . A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________.

Liz: Asians are short. 2. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. They shook their heads. 2. taller than most basketball players. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. 3. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. Joe: I don’t think so.46 - .Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. 1. Discuss these questions. Liz: You’re right Joe! . Liz: Hmm. Joe: See. The mice jumped over the cup. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. 3.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Please shut the door. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. 1.

___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. even though. she keeps asking me to do her reports. is not something really controlled. 10. 1. he works as a doorman. Exist 5. . Although: in spite of the fact that. 7. Mistaken 4. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. 9.g. e. 8. ___________ my advice. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding. in spite of. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . ________ she knew he was not good looking. she agreed to marry him. Kim for it. 6. Park’s mistake.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. 2. e. 3. ________ of poverty. 4. She works hard __________ of her backache. 1. __________ he’s the President’s son. Instant 2. she decided to go away. he’s now a successful medical doctor.g. Imply 3. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. Positive idea 6. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. 5. he still scolded Mr. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm.

A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. And he is very strict like him. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh. I know. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it.48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. you must watch out. you’ll be fine. B: _______________________________ A: No. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. nice to see you here. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No. he’s our boss’ son. Bye! . I haven’t. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. I didn’t mean to scare you.

Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 5. . 1. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. 4. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag.49 - . A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. 3. You could have taken the leftovers home. A: Oh. but it was too heavy. I guess I won’t be staying here too long. 2. Really? Yeah.

Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. 3. glasses of milk 5. 4. ________________________________________. 4. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. tea 3. ________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. soda 4. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. 2.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . 1. ________________________________________. . ________________________________________. coffee cream 7. 2. words 6. 3. women 2. 5. Examples: 1. 1.

B: To Kelly’s house. A: _____________________________. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. I’ll pay my share later. A: ______________________________.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . can you please get one. Let’s bring a Merlot. Create your own dialogs and practice them. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.

So when can I start? As soon as you register. I would love to. 2. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 1. Actually.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. The class is only twice a week. Thanks! . Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony.52 - . B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. isn’t it? Not really. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. Here’s the form. 3. It’s just meditation. but I’m quite busy these days. 5. 4. it’s more than that. that sounds relaxing. would you like to join me? Well. Oh. Say. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay.

__________ I won the lotto. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. Vegetarian diet b) completely. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . in agreement 2. Register e) no meat diet 6. 2. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. 1.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Quite d) frequently. __________ give this report to Mr. She _________ got up and walked way. He needs it badly. The flowers are beautiful. The painting looks real. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. 5. choose and write the best answer for each blank. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. 3. Quick 2. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective.way etc. 1.in a …. 1. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’. actually 3.g. wholly. Honest 5. 4. __________ I don’t know the answer either. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. feature 4. They were painted ____________. habitually 5. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. Quality a) synchronization. e. Samson.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Harmony c) characteristic. Kind 6.

Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden. B: She goes to aerobics class. Usually she goes before work. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. B: _________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I have. A: ____________________________. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. A: . they hate exercising. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots. B: Oh. A: ____________________________. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well.

1. . Liz! B: Hello. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. 3. she must be very pretty. 4. see for yourself. She’s not tall or slim.55 - . A: Well. B: Wow. A: Hi. 3. 2. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. 5. She’s tall and slim. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. Nat. He’s of average height and has green eyes. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. 2. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1.

They look exactly alike. e. Slim 4. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. They ______ both tall. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. and weight. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . Average 2. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. Curly 3.g. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. height. 1. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. They _______ about 15 years old. and Dinah doesn’t. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. Enjoy 5.

today. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.m. B: ________________________________ A: Wait. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p. I think I know the guy. A: __________________________ B: What!? . He works at Joy Research Agency. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . A: _____________________________ B: You bet. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. He’s my boss. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes.

58 - . opposites attract. cousin 12. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. She buys me nice things all the time. uncle 9. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better. nephew 11. 2. 2. aunt 8. niece 10. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. You know what they say. 1. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. We are just too similar. You are probably right. 4. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. . 3. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. 3. Only if I’m lucky. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. 4. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. 1. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. 5. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. 6.

5. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ . 3. 1. 4. 3. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. A tile has come off the floor. 5. e. e.g. Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Our apartment building is off the Main Street. 2.g. 2. 4.

B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy. B: _____________________________________. B: Yeah. A: That will be nice. Now I know where to bring them. A: ______________________________. A: ______________________________. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. I’m sure they’ll like it. B: Great idea. B: Yeah it is. B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. . B: ________________________________. B: I think so too.isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. I’ll take them to the lake. They’ll spend a week with us. A: I’m sure they will.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake.

It just seems like yesterday. 1. What did you want to be when you were young? . We surely shall see the sun shine soon. B: Oh. Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School.61 - . 2. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. 3. Who won the English speech contest? 3. 2. she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah. 4. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. The swan swam over the pond. B: Wow. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. 5. 3. Sandy Long. Questions: 1.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Now. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. 1. A proper copper coffee pot. time really flies.

You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. 5. 3. 9.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. 1. 6. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. Where’s Mr. . I got married in July 2003. 3. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in. 10. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened. When will you be back ? _____________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 4. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. What year were you born? ___________________________________. When did you get married? __________________________________. a point during a longer period of time (week. Smith? _________________________________________. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. 2. 5. 8. 7. 2. month and years) 3. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. Where is your office? ________________________________________. 1. a job or a situation 4. place 2. 4.

yesterday. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. B: ______________________________. B: ___________________________________. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. B: You’d better get their number. A: And. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. A: Well. A: ____________________________. B: That’s not nice. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. He always ends up hitting his brother. Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. Student A Student B A: _____________________________. it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older.63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . His parents are always out of town. They have to know what their son’s doing. . A: Kids today are very different. B: ___ . A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. A: ______________________________ B: Could be.

I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah. . 4. A: There must be magic in that place. A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date.64 - . That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. 2. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo.Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: Yeah I heard. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. 3. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. 1. A: Sorry Tommy. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.

Bare 4. . The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. 3. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 10. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. The guests shall come on time. They shall see us before office hours. Hymn 5.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Shall I give you my number? 6. Shall we dance? 4. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. 2. Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. It shall be delivered right away. Perfect 3. Tie the knot 2. Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. He shall surely come in a week. Shall I lend him money? 7. 9. Shall I bring her in? 8. 1.

A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. I’ll see you soon. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. DZFM plays that song over and over again. . B: ________________________________ B: Ted. I will. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . thanks for bringing me here. I love music. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. Belle. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too. A: ______________________________ B: Well. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. B: _________________________________ A: So. Student A A: Say. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD.

A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. 3. . she’s not the one. 1. 4. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: Nah. She’s no longer a friend of mine. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. 2.67 - . B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah.

Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . both for countable and uncountable. butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. Examples: There is some bread on the table. Love is __________. 1. 2. water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . There isn’t any bread on the table. 1. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. The _____ CEO started his own company. 3. We use any in negative sentences. 3. both for countable and uncountable.” 1. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. 2. Therefore she’s a distant _________.

A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. A: Yeah. By the way. Mr. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. the R2 Band. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. A: ________________________________. It’s been ten years. B: Same here. we’re both busy with our careers. A: ________________________________. . B: . B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. I’m glad I bumped into you today. B: _____________________________________. Mary’s coming over this weekend. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. A: ________________________________. I still have it with me. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. A: Yeah. Student A Student B A: Greg. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. B: Well. B: ________________________________. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. A: Well.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. Maurice. They were the most popular band back then. B: A: That’s great. A: _____________________________. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Rice works there as the information officer. . do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories.

5." . clothing _ 8." .Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible. but the silence of our friends. 1.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3. we will remember not the words of our enemies.Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory. 1. Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2. 2.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End.70 - .Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6." . we must do what is required." . table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. 3." ." . What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has.dictionary _ 9." . 4. clothes _ 7.Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) ." . (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake. If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. business _ 10.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best.Martin Luther King Jr.Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault.

so she goes flying every weekend. so I usually burn the food. 2. She ____________________________________. 5. 1. so she plays hockey everyday. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. (play golf/not very well) 3. (cook/not well) . Woods is good at playing golf.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . (really good/ flying a plane). She does not play golf well. 1. My sister ________________________________. so he’s works as a driver. (really good/skating) 2. (driving/really good) 4.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. Examples: 1. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. Martin _________________________________. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. 4. I ____________________________________. Select two famous people and describe them.

I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. B: Mr. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. That way I feel safe and secure. B: I know. it does sound like a stressful job. President! . B: ______________________________ A: Lately. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . A: . I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. I received a lot of death threats. I did. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. A: ____________________________. B: ___________________________________. Donald is asking me to work with him. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Student A Student B A: Hi. B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. Kurt. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. I can’t sleep. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah.

Thanks. No problem. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. 3. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. Good! I have to check that out. .73 - . Ring me up if you have any other questions. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. I think Loma Linda is better. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. 1. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. it’s more affordable than most other schools. 2. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles. UC and Loma Linda. I’ve never heard of that school.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 4.

crazy 3. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ .4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. David Bloom shirts are on sale. beautiful 2. 1. 1. good 10. She’s ____________________ two lovers. 2. happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. wonderful 6. nice 7. 1. handsome 5. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. great 4. affordable 8. reasonable 9. Caught between 2. Medical professionals 3. within your means c) pleased. The prices are reasonable and ___________. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. Affordable 4.t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ .74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .

I’ll tell him that when I get home. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. I heard admission is very tough there. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. B: _____________________________ A: Well. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. . A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. it is.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: _______________________________ B: Yes. A: What university did you graduate from. My sister works in the register’s office. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. A: __________________________ B: Thank you.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school.

I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. That explains the line-up. 3. 2. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. m. .Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. v. A: I see. Well. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. n. 2. They are the following: 1. w. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b.76 - . k. 1. p. z and with the letter combination th. j. 3. l. That sounds like a mess. r. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. g.

shut 6.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 5. read . add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. 4. 8. have ask write 7. 1. 9.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. lift 3. work 2. 2. get 4. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. 3. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10. take 5.

A: _______________________________. B: What? You mean the registration form? . A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. . A: Yes. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. B: Thanks. B: Thanks. . A: ____________________________. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. B: _____________________________________. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. A: _____________________________. I appreciate your help. B: Actually I’m almost there. A: ____________________________. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. A: ______________________________. B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there.78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. B: . B: _________________________________ . I’ll be back in a minute.

Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before. _________________ 2. . To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. 1. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to.79 - . 3. ______________ 3. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. just the one inside the Trade Mall. 2. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today.

1. 5. On sale a) work of fiction 2.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. We __________ take a nap after lunch. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. 7. 4. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. Literature d) lately 5. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 1. I’ve just read a good book ________________. We should work hard. 2. text 4. 3. 2. 1. Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. 6. . 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. Recently c) something to read. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. She __________ do a lot of extra reading.

I can lend you my discount card. B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. A: ____________________________. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. The book is quite expensive.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: Don’t mention it. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. A: ____________________________. A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. B: Yeah. Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. B: ______________________________. A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. I’m sure you’ll find one there. B: ____ . B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. A: That would be nice.

What does “rat” mean? To get clean. The student says the matching answer.82 - . RUTH ROOT Anger. How do you spell “both” b. a. . BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. a. a. B: Try the telephone directory. a. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). Where is the booth? b. I’m sure it has the number. What is a bat for? 2. 1. 2. 1. How do you spell “boat” 3. I wonder what the prerequisites are. What is a bath for? b. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. What does “faith” mean? b. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. 3. To play ball. How do you spell “math”? b. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. A: I’ll do that. Where is the boot? 6. How do you spell “mat”? 5. Like a mouse. How do you spell “Root”? 7. What does “wrath” mean? b. 4. a. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. a. a. What does “fate” mean? 4. I searched the net.

4.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . ______________________________________________. 5. 3. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. . 3. 2. 4. 1. 1. Some things will never change. ______________________________________________. ______________________________________________. ill-fated c) Abbr. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. ______________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Examples: I’ll do that. I won’t be late. ______________________________________________. 2. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 5.

A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. Student A Student B A: Hello. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. .84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I took that last semester. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. Registrar’s Office. A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. B: ________________________________ A: It says here.

They feared every animal. B: Yeah. 1. The dogs scared every cat.85 - . b. a. 2. 7. a. I don’t like numbers. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. two days to cram everything into my head! . Do you think they care about politics? b. 1. Some speakers bore us. We admire all you work. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. Oh boy. We admired all you work a. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. They poured milk into the glass. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. b. 8. The dogs scare every cat. They hire new employees on Friday. 5. They fear every animal. b. They closed everything a. Student: Present. Some speakers bored us.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Do you think they cared about politics? a. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. a. b. b. They pour milk into the glass. 3. They hired new employees on Friday. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. a. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. 6. 4. They close everything. b. a. 3. 2. b.

problem d)hardly. 2. Cram 4. 3. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. _______________________________________________.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Midterm 3. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. Bother 2. Finals 5. . _______________________________________________. 5. _______________________________________________. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. _______________________________________________. Examples: I must remember her name. 1. _______________________________________________. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. 4.

B: No. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. A: If you need some help. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. but no. I should study now. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. A: _____________________________. A: _______________________________. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. B: Yeah. A: ____________________________. Mr. B: I didn’t hear about it. . but you’ve only got two hours to do it. A: Well you should. Kim announced it last week. B: __________________________________ .87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. It looks like I have to cram tonight. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. .6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. B: . A: ______________________________. I was absent that day. B: Thanks. I’d be happy to help you. I can manage on my own. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures.

This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. she continued to keep in touch with me. 5. 4. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. 3. 24/02/07 V. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. 2. 1. 2. Sincerely yours. 7. 1. After her schooling. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 9. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6.88 - . 8. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 3.

My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . I am ______ happy to meet you. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. 8. Is the food ________ for you? 10. The presentation was _____ long. Examples: The letter was too long. but that’s _________ for us. 9. You are _____ beautiful. He drinks ______ much. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. 7. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. 6. 5. 1. The room is good _________ for two. I am _________ eager to see you.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. Recommend 2. 3. 2. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. Determined 3. It’s not good for his health. Fame 5. 4. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. Sorry. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. Wealth 4. enough (not enough) or very. . She’s _____ good to be true. The food’s not enough for four people.

I was surprised to hear the news myself. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. B: Thank you. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. I can’t say how pleased I am. have a seat please. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . so grab it. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. B: I know. A: I believe so. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. A: ____________________________. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. I never thought I’d get it. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. Student B A: . B: ______________________________. l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: ___________________________________. A: We’re going to miss you so much.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. You won’t even notice that I’m not here.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. . B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC.

B: Listen and practice the each word below. Singapore is pretty safe to go. 1. 1. she’s really funny. 3. Is he in? B: Yes Sir.. 3. a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below.91 - . _________________. 2. . though. and it’s not very expensive. B: ____________________ Sir. phone cone hole hot hit 4. A: It’ll be there in a minute.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Lee of PWBC. It’s a fairly big building. 1. 2. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. My name’s Mr. I do. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. Underline the stressed words. can pain pan man mane 2. put pot but pin hut 5. bit but dip date pit 3. ______________________________________ Mr. Isaac? A: Yes. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. His office is just right there! A: Sir. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. She’s not very pretty. ______________________? B: Yes. B: Thanks. How may I help you? B: ____________________. but it’s not too big.

4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. 5. There are a few apples left in the box. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. 1. Just ____________ errors were made. 2. 1. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . make up 4. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. 4. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. please. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. _______ butter on my bread. 3. 1. oranges 3. books 5. 4. 3. 2. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. flour 2. 5.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale.

Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. Tunney. Bolton will be here in a minute. I’m fine. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. Mr. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . let me take that. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. Let me get you an ashtray. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . Benjamin. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. We’re happy to have you here Mr. Tunney.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. Everything’s well in the market. please. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. Long time no see. No cream and just sugar please. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. I will. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. not at all. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. B: ________________________________ A: Here. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you.

Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. She’s the youngest employee in this office. Welcome to the sales department. (mice) 2. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. You need to pay the ________. B: Hi Teddy.94 - . . These ______ are too fancy for me. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. B: Thanks Harry. She’s a ________ person. 4. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. A: This is your cubicle here. (price) 5. This is Teddy Crams. Pleased to meet you. 2. A: Good morning Jay. (ties) 3. B: Thanks Cindy. He has worked with us since last year. (nice) 4. The ______run fast. B: Wow! This is great. I go to yoga class ________ a week. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog.Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. Me too! A: And this is Grace. 3. Thanks. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. 1. I’m really excited about working with all of you.

Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. and they. ( an owl) 2. ______ will wash the dishes. (you) 7. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. ______ do the presentation in a little while. The subjective pronouns are: I. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. story 2.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . he. a booth 3. Example: It is on the table. ______ keeps the records. ______ are talkative. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. Floor d) worker. Cubicle a) ground. you. (love) . (the secretary) 5. we. 1. Humps) 8. (Mr. (your colleagues) 4. she. ______ is a principle not a feeling. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. ( Adrian) 10. (You and Jeff) 3. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. ( your daughter) 6. Employee c) one that is the least old 4. ______ works hard. it. ______ are going to attend the meeting. Youngest b) a workspace. 1.

I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. A: . B: Hope so too Rachel. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. He’s very friendly. I started working in this company last summer.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. our custodian. Rachel: Hi Linda. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. this is Lisa. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. she’s our data encoder. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. B: Sure. B: Thanks Ralph. A: This is Rachel. Let me introduce you to our staff. she’s Mr. Edwards secretary. B: ____ . A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. welcome to the team. A: This is Andy.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: ___________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Great. Thanks! . Thanks. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: By the way. she’s an intern.

It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. A: Say. Describe your current job. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. prepare sales presentations. 1. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. . negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. 2.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. to name a few. I arrange appointments with clients. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. A: Hi Marianne. 3. 5. 2. who makes the final decision? In your department. I’m still trying to figure things out. 3.97 - . 4. A: That really sounds interesting. 4.

There are _____________ cookies. We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. 4. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. 3. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. There are more female workers than male workers.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I need __________ time to finish my report. Receptionist b) demanding. 8. 2. Don’t eat too _____________. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. Examples: There is much food on my plate. 6. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. tough 3. I _________________ customer complaints. 1. Have some _______________. 1. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. Doing business presentation is __________________. 10. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 5. 9. 2. 1. Take one if you like. 3. . Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. 7. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb.

A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. B: _____________________________________. B: Oh. I’m Mr.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . South America is a very beautiful place. By doing so. Jefferson. I work in the research department. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. we can keep our share in the world market. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. B: Nice to meet you too. Unfortunately. yet exciting. A: Yeah. I arrange meetings for Mr. it does. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. I’m Anne Bowles. A: Nice to meet you. A: ________________________________. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. . B: . Student A Student B A: Hi. then you are the person I should talk to. Jefferson. Anne. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. A: Say. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. A: ________________________________. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. B: I’m Jade. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. B: ___________________________________. Jefferson’s new secretary. B: A: Tiring. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. Jade.

Michelle: Okay. because of the delay at our production plant. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Look. Neat knit 3. Michael: Hey you look tired. sheep 4. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. You should have been thrifty. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. 1. 2. 1. eel ill 5. what have you done? 3. 1. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. I’ll be back later this afternoon. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. I would have told Mary to leave. sleep ship slip 2. Michael: Sure. Breezy 6. 3. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . 2.100 - .

2. Overseas a) losing out 2. Expect e) words. 3. 1. 4. I have to travel _____________ this summer.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. 1. 2. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. Vocabulary c) out of the country. in a foreign country 4. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. 1. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 5. 1. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. I could be a journalist ________________________________________. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. . Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5.

do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. B: __________________________________. Thank you for the invitation. so we eat out most of the time. Ford of Office Supplies. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. we don’t eat too often at home. B: I hate doing the dishes at home. Say.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. too.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 0921. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. . but I have to feed my children. We both have busy careers. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. Mr. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. B: __________________________________. but I don’t have his number. A: No. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. B: Sorry. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. What about you. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. A: Can you call Mr.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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106 - . The boys clock/clap their hands.and the sooner the better. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. Don’t talk/take too much. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. 1) Passports. 1. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet . Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. 1. 5. 3. 2. My boss loves reading/riding books. . This process can take up to eight weeks. 4.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. visas and immunization requirements. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. The boat/coat is by the seashore. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. The shoes feet/fit my feet. It won’t do any good.

_________________________________________________________________ 2. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. friendship). It’s a drama. She did lots of amazing paintings. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________ . Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. She saved her parents marriage. Examples: The book is about a woman. It’s about a girl. 3. 2.107 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 4. She was an Asian artist. I am a woman. 1. She frees the slaves. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. It stars Sandra White. _________________________________________________________________ 4. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. 1. I fight for freedom.g.

Fill-in this form please. B: Thank you. one more thing please. . B: I’m Mr. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I’m afraid I’m lost. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. If you get off at the city hall station. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. please. B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. B: Sure. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. may I help you? A: ______________________________. A: _______________________________. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. sir. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. please. Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. B: _____________________________________. They have a big duty free shopping mall. can I help you? B: ________________________________. B: By the way. A: Yes. A: My pleasure. It’s only a five minute walk. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. of course. Student B A: ________________________________. Davis of Room #1113.

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