Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

2 1

Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

5

Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. Hi. 3. I’m afraid he’s not. Bye. -4- . please. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words. 1.Unit 1 Telephone B Taking a message 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Thanks for the help. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. It’s Rob. Bye. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry. Can I take a message? Yes.

Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Activity 2 Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. 1. 2. 3. patients. 1. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. -5- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . visitors. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him. Activity 1 Write one sentence for each rule. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. In the past. We’ve just lowered our prices. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. or clients 5 Language Review Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. I had a job interview yesterday. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. An ambulance took David to the hospital. 5. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. 1) Annoy a) new. 4. Our fax number has changed.

I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. JSG. B: __________________________ A: Sure. Bye. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. please. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. -6- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. this is Keira. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. Mother and Sons. Goodbye. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. Student A A: Good morning. B: ___________________________ A: _____________________________ B: Hello. Student A Student B A: Good morning. Miss Oh. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Goodbye. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then.

I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. B: Okay. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. B: Bye. B: Giefan Research Company. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. She’s in a meeting right now. how may we help you? A: Hello. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. 2) What did you say your name was? Activity 2: P and F sounds 1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep . -7- . Could you put me on line 3 please.Unit 1 Telephone C A Leaving a message 1 A Warm up Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions. 2 1 Pronunciation Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat. I can take your message. 1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. 1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. B: I’m sorry ma’am. A: Oh…okay. I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. A: Bye. this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals.Beef 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below.

She refuses to accept my proposal. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke. The product with the better-known brand name. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. Harvey phoned? 2. We will refund you the money. ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch 5 Language Review Modal verbs: Willingness. 6. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. 3. you can use will not or won’t. 4. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible. She refuses to accept his authority. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. won’t or would. please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Promises 1. Refusal. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. The car won’t start. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. -8- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Activity 1 3. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. I promise to do my homework. 2. inevitably sells better than other products. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something. Activity Rewrite the sentences using will. 1.

Student A Student B A: . B: Hi. But I’m afraid Mr. yes. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. he can’t make it to the office today. could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. Oh has been expecting your email. Oh. B: Really? Well. -9- e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . may I help you? B: . this is I was expecting Mr. B: _____________________________________. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back. A: ____________________________. A: Ah. this is kind of urgent too. . Oh’s call. Student A Student B A: Mr.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: _____________________________. Mr. B: That’s too bad.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. A: Of course. B: Hi. but haven’t got a call from him yet. A: Mr. B: Thank you. A: Oh. please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. A: Well. I just spoke to him and unfortunately. I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. may I talk to Mr. A: _______________________________. Oh’s office. Oh’s office. Well then. B: . A: ______________________________. B: .

Vince: Oh. there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. 1. We feel your proposal is very interesting. Vince. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. 2 1 Pronunciation Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. A sand snake. Hello. Jen: Well.10 - . good. yes. 2. Jen: .Unit 1 Telephone D Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. as you know. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. Jen: Well. we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. then. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. Jen: Indeed. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone. Well. According to our market study. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time. I guess that’s not so surprising. 3. I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. Vince: Oh. Vince: That’s good to hear. But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. Thanks. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. They’re very common here.

. 2. will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week. The extent of one’s possibilities c. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________. 1. *** You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above. offer. 4. 2. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 3. suggestion 5 Language Review Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple.11 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. 1. 3. to express gratitude for e.4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. something received after a transaction is made d. Activity Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. 5. to take notice of. urgent need b.

A: B: My pleasure. Student A Student B A: Hi. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. . A: Yes. B: Oh. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. Snider. I am sure we can help you with the project. B: ____ A: Yes. B: . yes. A: _. Snider. . Student A Student B A: Hello. B: A: Well. We are interested in your offer. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. A: ______________________________? B: No problem. Bye. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. indeed. A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. B: ____________________________? A: Yes. This is Mr.12 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Bob. B: ____________________________. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. B: ____________________________. We’ll just wait for your call then. Take your time. Mr. A: _______________________________ B: Oh. Thanks for the help. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. A: ______________________________. B: Bye. B: Sure. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. well then. __ .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I think so. I think so. A: _.

1. Sure. I’ll send it off now. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. would will ( I will) 1. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Thank you very much. 2. Lance. I’d be glad to. 2. had. It’s Lance. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. Full word did. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. . How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. You’re welcome. OK.13 - . 3. He’ll prefer to pay cash. This is Innis speaking. He’d prefer to pay cash.Unit 1 E Telephone Requesting Information 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi.

Current 4. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are? Activity Change the sentences below to indirect questions. showing or characterized by correct social usage 5 Language Review Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. 4. to feel curiosity or doubt d. 5. 3. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . Polite 3.4 Vocabulary Choose the meaning that best fits the word.g. 2. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e. Financial Report 2.14 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. occurring or existing at the present time c. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. yearly b. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite. 1. Annual 5.g. a report about the finances of an establishment e. Wondering a. 1. . e. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________.

I’d like to speak to Mr. . Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. It’s Candy. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure. C: Hi. I have it with me. B: ____________________________ A: Mr. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Candy. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir. Candy. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi.15 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . It’s Candy on the line. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome. hold on. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Simons please. Simons. This is Mr. Student B A: ___________________________ B: Hi. Student A A: Hi. A: _________________________ C: Yes.

His aunt called. Billy left a mess in the sink. 5. 3. My eyes are tired. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. * ext . Ron: Hello Brian. This is Ron of J&J Korea. Brian speaking. 1. Voiced 1.extension * sec . How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone? 2 1 Pronunciation Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. 4. sir.Unit 1 Telephone F Ending a call 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. Brian: Hi.16 - . 2. Hello. How nice of you to come! 2. Ron: Yeah. Let’s keep in touch through email. Can you put me through to ext. Brian: Sure. 4. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. Snakes hiss out of fear.second Ron: . 5. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec. We eat rice every day. 2. Brian: It’s great to hear that.

Could I come back later? No. 4. enormous e) a forward or onward movement 5 Language Review Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. 2. May and could are also used to ask for permission. you can’t. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size. 4. They are more formal than can. 3. I’m afraid you can’t. . If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. you can. May I use your mobile phone? No. 1. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. 5. 3. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. go ahead.17 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . but not to refuse permission. 5. Activity Answer the questions. 1. 2. Can I use your computer? Sure.

A: ____________________________. A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon. B: Talk to you later. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. I really want to recommend it to everyone. Ciao! Student A B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: B: Fine Joe. . . A: ____________________________. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. I went to see a movie with some friends. I’ll be expecting your call. right after the meeting. A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. B: _______________________________ Student B B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: ______________________________ B: OK. B: Good.18 - e n o h p el e T 1 ti n U . B: ______________________________.

so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. 1. a. . Are you on vacation? Yes. 3. thanks! This is Ben. Oh. How do you spell “first”? 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Hello. Chris. How do you spell “forest”? b. What kind of terrain is it? 3.19 - .Unit 2 Socializing CONTENTS A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing A Greeting 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. He’s from Mozambique. 1. How are you? Pretty good. How do you spell “please”? b. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself? 2 1 Pronunciation Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. What kind of train is it? b. I’m sure I will. a. I am. a. How’s everything? Not bad. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No. How do you spell “police”? 2. this is my second trip. Thanks! * Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. Ben.

4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. she.2 . The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office.4 .4 . it. good. 4. Activity 2 Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives. you. Possessive adjectives are my. 3. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks. Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. 1. Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument. he. your.2 .2 . and they.5 . 2. Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. 1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful.4 .20 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ . amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home 5 Language Review Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I. your.4 .2 . you. their. her. his. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever. 5.3 . its. our.1 . we. __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ .

Student A A: Hello. You can call me Liz.21 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . I’m Lisa Tailor. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. My name’s Brad Cruz.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. So I will see you there then. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor. . B: ____________________________ B: That sounds great. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. are you new in this area? A: _______________________ B: ___________________________ A: Yes. But please call me Brad. And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________ Student A Student B B: Say. Student B A: ____________________________ B: Hi. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around.

Stress the first syllable. 2. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. 4.__________________ 2. 5.Unit 2 Socializing B A Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day. how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. 3. __________________ 3. Well. it’s beautiful. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Practice the following combined words. How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. 1. we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. . We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. c) With a new colleague. You are lucky for that.22 - . I really miss this kind of weather. b) With a stranger while on a trip. 1. isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah. In Korea. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know.

“re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). (e. roundabout 5 Language Review Root. multicolored 4. and test). wishful 5.23 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . probable.g. not direct. liking 4. to begin. ***Prefixes Activity Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e. nasty 6. Indirect c. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e. resistance Manageable -able suffix 2. Colleague a. It is the foundation of the word. Preference f. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun. brotherhood . Direct b. nonstop 5. straight. associate 7. 1. Likely e. to start 2. Initiate d. first choice.g. unicycle 3. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix. a prefix and a suffix. act. Unpleasant g. Prefix and Suffix An English word can be made up of three elements: the root. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e. form.g. The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. coworker. Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. to be expected 3.4 Vocabulary Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1.g. unlikable.

. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor. You can knock on my door anytime. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy. Okay see you later then. Student A Student B A: My name's Cindy Hiller. B: _____________________________ A: Okay. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. Candy Miles. see you! Make up a similar dialog with the teacher. I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all.24 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A Student B A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ ..

You really scared me! 3.m. 1. early or late for an appointment? 2 1 Pronunciation Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. but I will definitely be there. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. I see you’ve learned the ropes. but all is well. That was wonderful! 2. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time. but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better.Unit 2 Socializing C Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes. What? You were disgusted? 5. Goodness. that movie was shocking! 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. I’ll see you on Friday then. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy. Read and say the statements below. I’ll see you then. I’m happy for you. Thank you for inviting me. it’s Lee. 1. the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. Wonderful.25 - . May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: . So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually. Great. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late. That was exciting! 4. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p. everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming.

2. Activity 2 Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 3. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show. ______________________________. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity. Our boss was boring. Your work was amazing. _____________________________. (interest) 2. The party was boring. I find the documentaries _______________. 3. free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting 5 Language Review Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. The novel was fascinating. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. 4. ______________________________. Activity 1 Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. 4. I was bored by our boss. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English.26 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . 1. _____________________________. The music sounds exciting. . The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie.

6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ . Student B A: _____________________________ B: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. Create your own dialogs and practice them. B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. Student A A: Hi Kate.30 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: OK.

Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy? . 1.31 - . Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool.Unit 2 Socializing E Drinking 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. 3. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair here jeer clear sheer hair Jerry Claire share 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following words slowly. Tonight. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. 2.

provinces. Kristy. It isn't _____ easy life. 2. An < indefinite article (not a specific object. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. “The USA” Activity Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the).4 Vocabulary Match these words with their definitions. but it makes her happy.g.g. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals.g. She was ______ honest. one of a number of the same objects) with consonants.32 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . states. plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large 5 Language Review Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. transport and places. Jasper is an engineer. e.g. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e. used to work in downtown Los Angeles. The book is on the table. So she decided to quit. Do not use an article along with countries. Activity 1 Don’ts: 1. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e. one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. 3. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant. ______ old friend of my sister. e. hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company. and become _____ English teacher instead. Yashie has a cat. . but she hated her job. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school.

glad to see you. Gaines. Gaines. B: Whisky is my favorite. I always take mine straight up. A: ____________________________. no thanks. How do you like it? With tonic. A: ____________________________. I’d prefer a gin tonight. B: Sure. would you? . B: __________________________________ A: Yes. too. B: A: Fine. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. or on the rocks? You name it.33 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. Student A Student B A: Mr. I could go for a martini.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: Well. I ordered a whisky. A: _____________________________. . B: A: Well. A: ______________________________. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. but it just tastes better that way. but very dry. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong? Student A Student B B: Mr. Care for the same? B: ______________________________ A: Uh. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes.

all That’s 2 1 Pronunciation The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh. You can come to the party with me. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 5. I. . But now I don’t have to. 2. Thanks me for am. Well. 1. Only if you really want to. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. I hope you like it. 4. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome. Here we are. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me. 3. I wanted to walk to work. 1. I’m heading that way. 2.34 - . Pleased to meet you. 3. But now I don’t want to. Have you been to Singapore before? No. Pleased to meet you too. this is my first visit.Unit 2 Socializing F Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. I’m sure I will. Are You right. I had to bring my books to school. Mine’s Sally. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. Sally Dunes. sorry am I late am helping.

I can bake chocolate cookies well. Teddy was able to work yesterday. 1. 9. 5. 6. articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place 5 Language Review MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. 7. Visit 3. 4. Heading 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 1. 3. Accent a) pronunciation. I think Tessa is able to do it. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. 1. 4. My children can dance and sing. . 3. You can take one if you like. 2. Activity 1 Activity Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability. Maria is able to speak Korean. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility. She can solve math problems quickly.35 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. We are able to memorize the speech. Just give her enough time. 8. 2. They were able to meet their expectations.

. A: ____________________________. A: ____________________________. Hope you find the place has everything you need. B: ______________________________. B: I’m sure it does. Can I help you? B: ____ . Let me take you there. are you new here? B: ___________________________________. B: Yes I am. I can’t find the baggage department.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. A: Here we are. Student B A: _____________________________ B: Yes. Say. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it. B: Thank you very much! Student A Student B B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________. Student A A: Hi.36 - g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U . A: Yeah it is. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. please. A: It’s at the main door.

Unit 3 Culture CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health A Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up A mother tongue is a person’s native language. That sounds exciting. what language would you want to learn to speak? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. It’s my dream to speak Spanish. 3. A: So what are you going to do after graduation. Mara? B: Well. then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. 2. French English (American) 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. Discuss these questions.37 - . What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English. A: Lucky you. B: Great! Good luck to you. . B: Yeah. I’ve saved money. 1.

Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time. to keep safe 5. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city. _______________________________________________________________ 3. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. Native c) register 4. Exciting d) reserve. local 5 Language Review Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.38 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.g. 1. Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2. Enroll e) natural. _______________________________________________________________ 4. Activity Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense._______________________________________________________________ 2. 1.g. Rule 3: Making predictions e.________________________________________________________________ .g. _______________________________________________________________ 5. I’m going to finish my thesis.

A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific! Student B A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks! B: It’s so easy to learn English.39 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Student A A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. . B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. I’ll let you know later. I find it quite difficult. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. I started learning Spanish in January. still working on it. A: _______________________________ B: A little.

Hens laid eggs. 1. They warned the passengers. They paid us a huge amount. 3. 7. 8. 3. 2. 1. They save a 1000 dollars. Stress the underlined word. They saved a 1000 dollars. why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. Body language plays a vital role in communication. it’s called body language. 2 1 Pronunciation Read and review saying the sentences below. 6. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. Notice the differences. Hens lay eggs. Okay. Hold on Brian. I’m going over and asking her on a date. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.40 - . They pay us a huge amount. she’s looking this way. Good luck! . Discuss these questions. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete. 4. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend. 5. They warn the passengers.Unit 3 Culture B Body Language 1 A Warm up When you use gestures or facial expressions. Pete. 2.

Where ______________________________________________________? 3. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended. repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion 5 Language Review “WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. What _______________________________________________________? . When _______________________________________________________? 2. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action Activity 1 Activity Complete the sentences below. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. 1. How ________________________________________________________? 6.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.41 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Who ________________________________________________________? 4.

Create your own dialogs and practice them.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the following dialogs. OK. B: ________________________________. I saw you waving your hand at me. Student A Student B A: Hi.42 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . I’m sorry. A: _______________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways. I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. have a great day! B: _________________________________ A: _______________________________. I was waving at my dad behind you. he’s still behind you now. B: That’s okay. A: Oh. Student A Student B A: _________________________________ A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ______________________________ B: ________________________________ . A: _______________________________. A: Oh. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise. B: ________________________________. B: Oh. B: As a matter of fact.

I think so. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. I haven’t. He seems really nice. he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. 1.Unit 3 Culture C Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor! .43 - . Hmm… let me practice bowing. I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. the new student from Korea? No. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. what other cultures do you admire? 2 1 Pronunciation P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 3. what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah. 4. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler. Buckler: Mario: Buckler: Have you met Michael Kim. Professor Brooklyn is here. but there’s one thing I noticed.

common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard. act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices 5 Language Review Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit. Smoking isn’t good for our health. it will interfere with your dreams. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. 6. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. 2. _____________________________________________________________________. 1. (Neither does Peter. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. Watching English TV shows is fun too. _____________________________________________________________________ 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions . Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. 4. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. If you drink alcohol. When we dream. 3.44 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Peter doesn’t know. too. _____________________________________________________________________ . Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream. 1. (So do cats and dogs. 2. we move our eyes about. 7. 3. 5. either. Mr.) Activity Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too.) He doesn’t know the answer. Iverson didn’t know either. _____________________________________________________________________. I think reading English books is fun. 8.

A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below.45 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________. A: Hmm…sounds interesting! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. I did. Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p. B: Well. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region. A: ____________________________. B: ____ . I just got home last night. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. maybe because it’s hot there. . B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely. A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. B: Yeah. B: Yeah. B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there. There are beautiful beaches everywhere. it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. A: ____________________________.m. Student A Student B A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice.

3. Joe: See.” what comes into your mind right away? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall. The mice jumped over the cup. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. 2. Please shut the door. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. Liz: Asians are short. Discuss these questions. 2. 3. But most of the time they imply a negative idea.Unit 3 Culture D Stereotypes 1 A Warm up Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. Liz: Hmm. Joe: I don’t think so. taller than most basketball players. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players.46 - . They shook their heads. 1. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. Liz: You’re right Joe! . 1.

The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. ________ she knew he was not good looking. even though. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. e. indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. e. Imply 3. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. Although: in spite of the fact that. 1.47 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . She works hard __________ of her backache.g. 2. Park’s mistake. 1. in spite of. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. is not something really controlled. __________ he’s the President’s son. he’s now a successful medical doctor. Positive idea 6. Activity Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. Exist 5. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. she agreed to marry him. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy. she decided to go away. 6. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. he works as a doorman. he still scolded Mr. 9. 7. 8. 4. she keeps asking me to do her reports. Instant 2.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions.g. 3. Mistaken 4. 10. * Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage. ___________ my advice. ________ of poverty. Kim for it. . 5. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly 5 Language Review Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding.

You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. And he is very strict like him. nice to see you here. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie. you’ll be fine. B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: It’s good. he’s our boss’ son. B: _______________________________ A: No. I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. you must watch out. B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. Student A Student B B: Hi Eddie. Bye! .48 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. A: ___________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: Yeah.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I haven’t. I didn’t mean to scare you. I know. * VP means vice president Student A A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh. Student B A: __________________________________ B: No.

4. Really? Yeah. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries? 2 1 Pronunciation PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.Unit 3 Culture E Etiquette 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. but it was too heavy. . A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious. 1. you can ask them to give you a doggie bag. 5. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. 3. A: Oh. You could have taken the leftovers home.49 - . I guess I won’t be staying here too long.

2. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession 5 Language Review Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns.4 Vocabulary Match the definition with the words. Examples: 1. tea 3. 1. 4. glasses of milk 5. 1.50 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . soda 4. 4. 5. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. words 6. 3. Activity Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. . 2. boxes of oranges ________________________________________. 3. women 2. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday? Activity 1 * Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. coffee cream 7. ________________________________________.

A: _____________________________. Let’s bring a Merlot. Student A A: ________________________________ Student B A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ . B: __________________________________ A: Sure.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: To Kelly’s house. can you please get one. She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. Student A A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. Create your own dialogs and practice them.51 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U Student B . A: ______________________________. I’ll pay my share later. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay.

52 - . I would love to. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. but I’m quite busy these days. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. The class is only twice a week. isn’t it? Not really. 5. 1. Here’s the form. Say. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet _lake _ far _bed _bad _bait 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. it’s more than that. that sounds relaxing. Actually. Oh. Thanks! . It’s just meditation. 4. would you like to join me? Well. 3.Unit 3 Culture F Health 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 2. So when can I start? As soon as you register. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga.

Vegetarian diet b) completely. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. Harmony c) characteristic. Weight g) sign up 5 Language Review Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. 5. 2. __________ give this report to Mr. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase. 4. __________ I don’t know the answer either. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’. Quite d) frequently. They were painted ____________. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way. habitually 5. The painting looks real. wholly. 1. Kind 6. 3. The flowers are beautiful. Register e) no meat diet 6. He needs it badly. Beautiful ____________ Activity 2 From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above. Activity 1 Change the following adjectives to adverbs. __________ I won the lotto.way etc. Honest 5.53 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . Quick 2. choose and write the best answer for each blank.g. Now I can afford to travel Europe! . Quality a) synchronization. in agreement 2.4 Vocabulary Match the words with their definitions. Samson. actually 3. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. 1.in a …. 1. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. feature 4. She _________ got up and walked way. e.

Student A Student B A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden. B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. What about you? and A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well. Usually she goes before work. I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. B: _________________________________. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________. B: She goes to aerobics class. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots. B: Oh. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B B: Have you ever grown vegetables? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. they hate exercising.54 - e r utl u C 3 ti n U . A: .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend. B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________ . I have. A: ___________________________ B: Sure.

Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country? 2 1 Pronunciation Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. He’s of average height and has green eyes. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. 3. 2. 3 1 Conversation Read the dialog below. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. 5. Nat. Liz! B: Hello. she must be very pretty. . 4. 1. She’s tall and slim. see for yourself. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes. She’s not tall or slim. B: Wow. 2.Unit 4 People CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People A Describing People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. A: Well. A: Hi. 3.55 - .

My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. Curly 3. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Activity 1 Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have. and Dinah doesn’t. and weight. They ______ both tall. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes. They _______ about 15 years old. 1. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . e. height. Enjoy 5. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls 5 Language Review Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age. Average 2.g. Activity 2 Write a description of a family member. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. They look exactly alike. Slim 4.56 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . They _______ blond hair and blue eyes.

What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome.57 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . today. B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height.m. A: _____________________________ B: You bet. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I have a blind date tonight. He works at Joy Research Agency. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt. Student A A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. I think I know the guy. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. He’s my boss. Student B A: _______________________________ B: Yes. B: ________________________________ A: Wait. A: __________________________ B: What!? .

How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. uncle 9.Unit 4 People B Family 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. cousin 12. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. nephew 11. You know what they say. 4. 5. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. opposites attract.58 - . 3. . your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings? 2 1 Pronunciation Practice the following words below. She buys me nice things all the time. niece 10. 2. Only if I’m lucky. 1. 2. aunt 8. but he is just the total opposite of my mom. 6. 3. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. We are just too similar. You are probably right. your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. 1. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. in-laws 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better. 4. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better.

4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions: 1.59 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 1. e. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ . Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms 5 Language Review The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from. 4. 2. 3. A tile has come off the floor. Our apartment building is off the Main Street. 5. 3. 4. 5. 2. Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from.g. Activity Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. e.g.

Now I know where to bring them. B: Yeah it is. A: ______________________________. A: I’m sure they will. A: ______________________________. B: ________________________________. They’ll spend a week with us.isn’t it? B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. . B: __________________________________ A: _____________________________. B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. I’m sure they’ll like it. Student A Student B B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. A: ____________________________. B: _____________________________________. B: Yeah. B: I think so too. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below.60 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . B: Great idea. A: That will be nice. A: ____________________________. Student A Student B A: I heard your grandparents are coming. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. I’ll take them to the lake.

Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. It just seems like yesterday. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. B: Wow. 3. Who won the English speech contest? 3. Questions: 1. B: Oh.Unit 4 People C Children 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. Sandy Long.61 - . How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation? 2 1 Pronunciation Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. Now. 2. What did you want to be when you were young? . she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. 1. A proper copper coffee pot. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. 5. 2. 4. 3. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. The swan swam over the pond. 1. time really flies. Three gray geese in green fields grazing. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah.

I got married in July 2003. 6. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________. 3. What year were you born? ___________________________________. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. a point during a longer period of time (week. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman. Smith? _________________________________________. girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened.62 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . . 1. 5. a job or a situation 4. Where’s Mr. Activity Answer the questions below using the preposition in.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. 8. Where is your passport? _____________________________________. place 2. timid e) something that is spoken 5 Language Review The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. month and years) 3. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. 10. 4. 1. 9. When did you get married? __________________________________. 3. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. 4. 7. 2. 2. 5. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute. Where is your office? ________________________________________.

They have to know what their son’s doing. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. B: You’d better get their number. my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. B: ______________________________. A: And. A: Kids today are very different. . But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. yesterday. it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. He always ends up hitting his brother. A: ____________________________. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. A: Well. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. B: ___________________________________. His parents are always out of town. B: That’s not nice. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. B: ___ . Student B Student A B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. Student A Student B A: _____________________________.63 - el p o e P 4 ti n U .

1. I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight. 4. A: There must be magic in that place. 3. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. .Unit 4 People D Dating 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot? 2 1 Pronunciation Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. B: Yeah I heard. A: Sorry Tommy. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah.64 - . A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo. 2. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there.

Activity Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. They shall see us before office hours. 3. Shall I bring her in? 8. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect 5 Language Review The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. Sharon shall bring the tea in a while.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 9. 1. 10. 2. 1. Shall I give you my number? 6. Tie the knot 2.65 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . Shall we dance? 4. He shall surely come in a week. . Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall. The guests shall come on time. It shall be delivered right away. Perfect 3. Bare 4. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Shall I lend him money? 7. Hymn 5. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future.

Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. Student A Student B B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. A: ______________________________ B: Well. have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. I will. . B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. B: ________________________________ Student B A: _______________________________ B: Sure.66 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: Okay. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. DZFM plays that song over and over again. thanks for bringing me here.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. I’ll see you soon. Student A A: Say. What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. Belle. I love music. B: _________________________________ A: So. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. B: ________________________________ B: Ted.

3. . This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. she’s not the one. A: Nah. 1. 4. She’s no longer a friend of mine. 2.Unit 4 People E Friends 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend? 2 1 Pronunciation More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her.67 - . B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend.

Examples: There is some bread on the table.4 Vocabulary A: Match these words to their best definition. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. Activity Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any. 2. 5 Language Review The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences. 1. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ . butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. 3. There isn’t any bread on the table. 1.” 1. We use any in negative sentences. both for countable and uncountable. both for countable and uncountable.68 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. The _____ CEO started his own company. Therefore she’s a distant _________. 3. water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. 2. Love is __________. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece.

6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . A: ________________________________. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well. . It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home. B: ________________________________. A: _____________________________. By the way. I still have it with me. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. A: Yeah. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. we’re both busy with our careers. Rice works there as the information officer. A: ________________________________. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. I’m glad I bumped into you today. B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. A: ________________________________. A: Yeah. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. Mary’s coming over this weekend. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will. It’s been ten years. B: A: That’s great. the R2 Band. it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________ Student A Student B B: Long time no see Maurice. Maurice. A: Well. B: Same here. Mr. B: _____________________________________. B: . . I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks.69 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . They were the most popular band back then. B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. B: Well. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do. Student A Student B A: Greg.

Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) ." ." .Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory. clothes _ 7." . (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.Unit 4 People F Famous People 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 4. Which famous person would you like to meet? Why? 2. 3. we will remember not the words of our enemies. table _ 3 1 Quotations "Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted. If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader. 2. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6.Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault. who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3. 1." ." ." . 5.Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have.Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has. we must do what is required. clothing _ 8.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible.Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End.dictionary _ 9." . business _ 10.Martin Luther King Jr. 1." .70 - . but the silence of our friends.

1. Miss Jazz Min __________________________. She does not play golf well. I ____________________________________. (really good/ flying a plane). Select two famous people and describe them. so she goes flying every weekend. 5. Woods is good at playing golf. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. My sister ________________________________. She ____________________________________. so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. 4. Martin _________________________________. so I usually burn the food. Activity Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. (cook/not well) . Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. 2. (really good/skating) 2. (driving/really good) 4. Do you know any other famous quotations? 5 Language Review The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence.71 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . 1. so she plays hockey everyday. Examples: 1. (play golf/not very well) 3.4 Activity Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. so he’s works as a driver.

B: I know. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. President! . A: . Student A Student B A: Hi. A: ____________________________. B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat. B: _________________________________ A: Oh. I did. Student A B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible.72 - el p o e P 4 ti n U . How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: ___________________________________. B: ______________________________ A: Lately. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. That way I feel safe and secure. B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! Student B B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him. I can’t sleep.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: Mr. Kurt. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah. it does sound like a stressful job. Donald is asking me to work with him. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. I received a lot of death threats. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election.

Thanks. 3.Unit 5 School CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters A University 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. Good! I have to check that out. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools. I think Loma Linda is better. No problem. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know. Ring me up if you have any other questions. it’s more affordable than most other schools. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los A: B: A: B: Angeles.73 - . UC and Loma Linda. . I’ve never heard of that school. 4. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words below. 1. 2.

happy d) confused Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. great 4. She’s ____________________ two lovers. 1. reasonable 9. David Bloom shirts are on sale. Medical professionals 3. nice 7. affordable 8. within your means c) pleased.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Caught between 2. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced. beautiful 2. Affordable 4. 1. wonderful 6. good 10. 2.74 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U .t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C • ‘ ’ ‘’ . handsome 5. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ . 1. 5 Language Review The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive Activity Write the superlative for each word given below. crazy 3. The prices are reasonable and ___________.

A: _______________________________ B: Yes. McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. A: __________________________ B: Thank you. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. I heard admission is very tough there.75 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . . My sister works in the register’s office. B: _____________________________ A: Well. B: _______________________________ A: At UC. I’ll tell him that when I get home. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield. where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________ Student A Student B B: Chris. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. it is. Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. A: What university did you graduate from. Student A Student B A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University.

w. Well. That explains the line-up. l. 2. . They are the following: 1. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course? 2 1 Pronunciation Words ending in ‘–ed’: The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. That sounds like a mess. A: I see. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b. m. v. 3.76 - . r. 1. x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. g. j. I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. 3. n.Unit 5 School B Registration 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. z and with the letter combination th. p. 2. k. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched Practice the words: handed 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below.

4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions 1. read . shut 6. 9.77 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 8. get 4. 1. 3. 5. 2. take 5. lift 3. work 2. 4. have ask write 7. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance. add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done 5 Language Review Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping Activity 1 Activity Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ 10.

B: Thanks. Student A Student B A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. . B: Actually I’m almost there. A: _______________________________. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. B: _________________________________ . B: . A: ______________________________. I appreciate your help. I’ll be back in a minute. A: _____________________________. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. A: ______________________________ Student A Student B B: I think I’ve left some papers out. A: Yes. B: What? You mean the registration form? . . B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. B: Thanks. A: ____________________________. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there.78 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: ____________________________. B: _____________________________________.

To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. 2 1 Pronunciation A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary B: Guess which book is being described below 1. 1. 3. 2. . A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. just the one inside the Trade Mall. _________________ 2. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before.Unit 5 School C Bookstore 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. _______________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No. ______________ 3.79 - .

The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. I’ve just read a good book ________________. She __________ do a lot of extra reading. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. text 4. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. 5 Language Review The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing.80 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . Activity 1 I shouldn’t mind the gossips. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 3. . We __________ take a nap after lunch. We should work hard. 2. 2. 5. Activity Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. 1. 4.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Literature d) lately 5. Recently c) something to read. 7. On sale a) work of fiction 2. 1. 1. 6.

A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there.81 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: Don’t mention it. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. B: ____ . B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: ____________________________.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: . A: That would be nice. The book is quite expensive. I’m sure you’ll find one there. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. B: ______________________________. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: Thanks! Student B Student A B: Excuse me. B: Yeah. could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________ . Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. I can lend you my discount card. B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road.

How do you spell “boat” 3. What is a bath for? b. 2. a. Where is the boot? 6. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also. 3 1 Conversation Read and Study the dialog below. I wonder what the prerequisites are. 1.82 - . I’m sure it has the number. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those? 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University.Unit 5 School D Prerequisites 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. The student says the matching answer. a. Like a mouse. but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. a. 1. a. What is a bat for? 2. How do you spell “Root”? 7. What does “wrath” mean? b. What does “fate” mean? 4. To play ball. you must have at least two years work experience at a company. a. A: I’ll do that. How do you spell “math”? b. I searched the net. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. 3. B: Try the telephone directory. What does “faith” mean? b. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. 4. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. How do you spell “mat”? 5. a. How do you spell “both” b. Where is the booth? b. RUTH ROOT Anger. a. .

5. 4. 1. 5. 2. I won’t be late. Activity Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 1. 3. ______________________________________________. . ______________________________________________.83 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . ill-fated c) Abbr. 2. ______________________________________________. Some things will never change.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. ______________________________________________. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky. 3. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list 5 Language Review The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise. Examples: I’ll do that. 4. ______________________________________________.

A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. Student A Student B A: Hello. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. Registrar’s Office. how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes. I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website.84 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: ______________________________ B: Thank you! Student A Student B B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. B: ________________________________ A: It says here. B: ________________________________ B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. I took that last semester. .

7. Some speakers bore us. Oh boy. b. a. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. I don’t like numbers. a. Do you think they cared about politics? a. 1. 2. a. They pour milk into the glass.85 - . 3. The dogs scare every cat. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. We admire all you work. Do you think they care about politics? b. b. 3. 8. B: Yeah. They hire new employees on Friday. b. 2. They close everything. They feared every animal. b. a. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class. We admired all you work a. b. They poured milk into the glass. two days to cram everything into my head! . Student: Present. b. 4. They closed everything a. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. 1. 2 1 Pronunciation Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. b. 5. Some speakers bored us. The dogs scared every cat. a. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog below. 6. They fear every animal. They hired new employees on Friday.Unit 5 School E Cramming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions.

We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. Finals 5. problem d)hardly. _______________________________________________. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator. _______________________________________________. Activity Write 5 sentences using must and must not. Bother 2. . _______________________________________________.4 Vocabulary Match the words in the columns: 1. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble. just e)examination in the end of an academic term 5 Language Review The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. 4. Cram 4. Midterm 3. 3. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. Examples: I must remember her name. 2.86 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . 5. 1.

Kim announced it last week. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. A: If you need some help. . B: Yeah. I was absent that day. . I’d be happy to help you. B: No. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report? B: _____________________________________. A: _____________________________. B: Thanks. I can manage on my own. but you’ve only got two hours to do it. A: ______________________________. B: __________________________________ . B: I didn’t hear about it.87 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . A: _____________________________ B: Oh no. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. A: _______________________________. Good luck! B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. Student A Student B B: __________________________________ A: Yes. but no. A: Well you should.6 Role-Play Activities Student A Student B A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. It looks like I have to cram tonight. I should study now. A: ____________________________. Mr. B: .

Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors . 4. 1. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. 3. 9. 2. what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee? 2 1 Pronunciation The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 1. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. Sincerely yours. 24/02/07 V. 2. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well.Unit 5 School F Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. After her schooling. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. 7. she continued to keep in touch with me.88 - . Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. 5. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. 8. 3. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Here’s a sample recommendation letter. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader *Describe and give examples of each personality.

Wealth 4. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. 1. Fame 5. Sorry. It’s not good for his health. enough (not enough) or very. 7. She’s _____ good to be true.89 - l o o h c S 5 ti n U . The food’s not enough for four people. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. Is the food ________ for you? 10. Examples: The letter was too long. 4. 8. Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly. Recommend 2. 3. I am ______ happy to meet you. Activity Fill-in the blanks with too. I am _________ eager to see you.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. but that’s _________ for us. 6. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions 5 Language Review The Uses of Too. You are _____ beautiful. 5. 1. 2. The presentation was _____ long. He drinks ______ much. The room is good _________ for two. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. 9. . Determined 3. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful.

I was surprised to hear the news myself. B: ______________________________. You won’t even notice that I’m not here. and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics.90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. A: It still wouldn’t be the same. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. so grab it. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Good morning. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too. Student B A: . B: I know. A: We’re going to miss you so much. A: ____________________________. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. B: ___________________________________. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. A: I believe so. I can’t say how pleased I am. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC. l o o h c S 5 ti n U . B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer. have a seat please. A: ____________________________. . B: I’m sure I will miss you too. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. I never thought I’d get it. B: Thank you.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. A: ____________________________. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. Student A A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ .

My name’s Mr. can pain pan man mane 2. _________________. B: Listen and practice the each word below. I do. Singapore is pretty safe to go. 1. Lee of PWBC. bit but dip date pit 3. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist? 2 1 Pronunciation A: Listen to the sentences below. and it’s not very expensive. How may I help you? B: ____________________.. 2. phone cone hole hot hit 4. ______________________________________ Mr. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with…. 1. though.Unit 6 Work CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips A Welcoming 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Underline the stressed words. Isaac? A: Yes. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. she’s really funny. put pot but pin hut 5.91 - . 3. A: It’ll be there in a minute. She’s not very pretty. B: Thanks. 2. ______________________? B: Yes. dry why die dye day 3 1 Conversation Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. 3. but it’s not too big. It’s a fairly big building. 1. B: ____________________ Sir. . a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. His office is just right there! A: Sir.

1. 4. 1. Activity 1 Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something 5 Language Review A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. 2. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. please. 3. 1.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. 5.92 - k r o W 6 ti n U . 5. Just ____________ errors were made. Activity 2 Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. There are a few apples left in the box. _______ butter on my bread. make up 4. books 5. 3. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. flour 2. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . oranges 3. 2. 4.

Student B A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. Student A A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. Mr. Student A Student B B: _____________________________ A: Great. Benjamin. let me take that. Let me get you an ashtray. We’re happy to have you here Mr. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home. I will. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. please. Bolton will be here in a minute. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No. I’m fine. No cream and just sugar please. not at all.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Long time no see. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! . A: ____________________________ B: Okay. B: ________________________________ A: Here. Tunney. Tunney.93 - k r o W 6 ti n U . A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes. Everything’s well in the market.

(mice) 2. This is Teddy Crams. She’s a ________ person. Welcome to the sales department. (ties) 3. (nice) 4. You need to pay the ________. He has worked with us since last year. I go to yoga class ________ a week. Pleased to meet you. 1. B: Hi Teddy. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience. B: Wow! This is great. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. I’m really excited about working with all of you. Thanks. (price) 5. A: This is your cubicle here. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. The ______run fast. B: Thanks Harry. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. These ______ are too fancy for me. 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. B: Thanks Cindy. . Me too! A: And this is Grace. (thrice) 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. 3. 2.94 - .Unit 6 Work B Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. She’s the youngest employee in this office. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. 4. A: Good morning Jay.

1. you. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. The subjective pronouns are: I. and they. Humps) 8. Cubicle a) ground. Floor d) worker. it. he. a booth 3. ______ are talkative. (Mr. (the secretary) 5. Activity Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. Youngest b) a workspace. ______ keeps the records. ______ will wash the dishes. (love) . (You and Jeff) 3. ( Adrian) 10. ( an owl) 2. ______ do the presentation in a little while. (you) 7. (your colleagues) 4. she. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. story 2.4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. we. 1. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. ( your daughter) 6. ______ are going to attend the meeting. Example: It is on the table.95 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Employee c) one that is the least old 4. ______ works hard. ______ is a principle not a feeling. member of staff 5 Language Review The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow.

B: _________________________________ A: By the way. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do.96 - k r o W 6 ti n U . she’s Mr. B: Thanks Ralph. she’s our data encoder. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. B: Sure. B: Hope so too Rachel. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles. Thanks. Let me introduce you to our staff. A: ____________________________. Lisa: How’s it going? B: It’s really nice to be here. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome.6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialogs below. Student A Student B A: Good morning Linda. A: This is Rachel. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. Edwards secretary. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here. A: This is Andy. He’s very friendly. our custodian. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. B: ____ . A: ____________________________. Thanks! . I started working in this company last summer. welcome to the team. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. B: ___________________________________. A: . this is Lisa. A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. she’s an intern. Rachel: Hi Linda. B: _________________________________ A: Great.

3. I arrange appointments with clients. 5. A: That really sounds interesting. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician Who does what? 1. .97 - . I’m still trying to figure things out. Describe your current job. 4. how’s your job going? B: Not bad. who has the most responsibilities? 2 1 Pronunciation Say and practice the following list of words below. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________ 3 1 Conversation Read and practice the dialog below. 4. prepare sales presentations. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. A: Say. 2. 2. 1.Unit 6 Work C Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe. negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. who makes the final decision? In your department. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company. which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. 3. to name a few. A: Hi Marianne.

We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. 1. 4. 2. I need __________ time to finish my report. Receptionist b) demanding. 8. 3. 1. Doing business presentation is __________________. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. . There are _____________ cookies. 7. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2. I _________________ customer complaints. 5. Have some _______________. 9. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. Activity 1 Activity Fill-in the blanks with much or more. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone. Examples: There is much food on my plate. Take one if you like. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 10.4 Vocabulary Match these words to their definitions. Don’t eat too _____________. tough 3. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. 1. 5 Language Review The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. 2. 3. There are more female workers than male workers.98 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. 6.

A: ________________________________. Unfortunately. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. A: Say. Student A Student B A: Hi. B: Oh. By doing so. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. B: __________________________________ Student A B: ______________________________ A: Tough. B: I’m Jade. A: Nice to meet you. B: Nice to meet you too. I’m Mr. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. yet exciting. what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great. Anne. . Jefferson. it does.99 - k r o W 6 ti n U . I meet with people from about 12 different countries. Jefferson’s new secretary. Jade. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world? .6 Role-Play Activities Read and practice the dialog below. I’m Anne Bowles. we can keep our share in the world market. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. I work in the research department. I arrange meetings for Mr. then you are the person I should talk to. B: __________________________________ A: ________________________________. A: ________________________________. South America is a very beautiful place. B: A: Tiring. Jefferson. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. B: ___________________________________. B: . B: _____________________________________. A: Yeah. I have to travel to so many countries in South America. Student B B: Congratulations Maggie. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to.

Michael: Sure. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. Feet busy fit 3 1 Conversation Read and study the dialog. Breezy 6. I’ll be back later this afternoon. what have you done? 3. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. 2. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. because of the delay at our production plant. You should have been thrifty. Michelle: Okay. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders.Unit 6 Work D Tasks 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. Look. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise! . Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. sleep ship slip 2. 1. eel ill 5. Michael: Hey you look tired. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today. 1. 3.100 - . Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. Neat knit 3. sheep 4. I would have told Mary to leave. 2. 1.

Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. in a foreign country 4. expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. 2. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. because I’m not competent Activity 2 Complete the following sentences with because clauses. 2. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. Vocabulary c) out of the country. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________. 4. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. 5 Language Review The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. 3. 1. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday. 1. I have to travel _____________ this summer. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying. I could be a journalist ________________________________________.101 - k r o W 6 ti n U . Overseas a) losing out 2.4 Vocabulary Match the following words to their best definition. 5. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. 1. 1. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. Expect e) words. . Activity 1 Write a sentence with because clauses given below. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3.

do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No.102 - k r o W 6 ti n U . What about you. but I have to feed my children. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well. Ford of Office Supplies. Say.6 Role-Play Activities Practice the dialogs below. B: __________________________________. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much. Student A Student B A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. B: __________________________________. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily. but I don’t have his number. 0921. We both have busy careers. Mr. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. B: Sorry. B: I hate doing the dishes at home. I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner. Thank you for the invitation. A: Can you call Mr. why don’t you drop by for dinner some time. so we eat out most of the time. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929? A: ___________________________________ B: OKay. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. A: No. too. we don’t eat too often at home. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. got it! Student A Student B B: ______________________________ A: Me. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. . B: _________________________________ A: All the time.

Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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k r o W 6 ti n U

6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. 5. The shoes feet/fit my feet.106 - . 1. 1) Passports. . You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet .and the sooner the better. 1. Don’t talk/take too much. visas and immunization requirements.Unit 6 Work F Business Trips 1 A Warm up Discuss these questions. 3. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip? What do you think is the best thing about business trips? 2 1 Pronunciation Listen and circle the correct word. 3 1 Reading Comprehension Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. This process can take up to eight weeks. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there. It won’t do any good. 4. especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. The boys clock/clap their hands. My boss loves reading/riding books. The boat/coat is by the seashore. 2. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip.

107 - k r o W 6 ti n U .4 Vocabulary Match the words to their definitions. _________________________________________________________________ 4. _________________________________________________________________ 2. It stars Sandra White. Activity Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. She frees the slaves. Examples: The book is about a woman. 1.g. 2. I am a woman. 4. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. She did lots of amazing paintings. It’s about a girl. I fight for freedom. b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum 5 Language Review The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. _________________________________________________________________ 3. 3. _________________________________________________________________ . She saved her parents marriage. It’s a drama. 1. She was an Asian artist. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e. friendship). The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves.

If you get off at the city hall station. It’s only a five minute walk. what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal.6 Role-Play Activities Student A A: Concierge. They have a big duty free shopping mall. I’m afraid I’m lost. one more thing please. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. B: Sure. A: _______________________________. I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. can I help you? B: ________________________________. may I help you? A: ______________________________. A: Yes. B: I’m Mr. sir. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________.108 - k r o W 6 ti n U . B: How would you like your money? A: __________________________________ B: ______________________________ A: Yes. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day. please. B: By the way. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes. please. B: __________________________________ A: Sure. B: Thank you. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. A: My pleasure. Student B A: ________________________________. B: _____________________________________. Fill-in this form please. Davis of Room #1113. is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. Thank you! Student A Student B B: Hello. . of course. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills.

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