This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
ERP - Enterprise Resource Planning
Automates & integrates all facets of business operations including planning, manufacturing & Sales. ERP software products encompass marketing, order tracking, inventory control, customer service, finance and human resources as well.
SAP - ERP
SAP – SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS AND PRODUCTS IN DATA PROCESSING
SAP is the world’s largest enterprise software company. Its foundation is built upon the concept of
The SAP family unites an organization from Financials and Human Resources to Manufacturing and Sales and Distribution
Improve alignment of strategies and operations Improve productivity and insight Reduce costs through increased flexibility Support changing industry requirements Reduce risk Improve financial management and corporate governance Optimize IT spending Gain higher ROI faster
SAP ERP in the SAP Business Suite
Life-Cycle-Data, Project-, Quality- and Asset Management Purchase Order Requisitioning Sales Order Internet Sales
Analytics Financials Human Resources Corporate Services Operations
Inventory & Warehouse Mgmt. Manufacturing & Transportation
SAP SCM SAP NetWeaver
Modules involved in an R/3 application are : Financial Accounting Controlling Production Planning Materials Management Sales and Distribution Human Resource Project System Plant Maintenance Quality Management Customer Service (FI) (CO) (PP) (MM) (SD) (HR) (PS) (PM) (QM) (CS) .
PM.Why SAP FI? Capability of meeting all the accounting and financial needs of an organization Helps in reviewing the financial position of the company in real time as compared to legacy systems Real time integration with modules such as MM. SD. where in transactions occurred in different modules generates account postings via account determination tables . HR. PS. PP.
And decision-making can be achieved with the help of information provided Records both the consumption of production factors and the services provided by the organisation as well as documenting actual events Variance can determined by comparing actual data with plan data and variance calculations enable you to control business flows . as well as monitoring the operations of the business. reporting.Why SAP CO? Provides supporting information to the Top Management for the purpose of planning.
'Make-to-Order'.Why SAP PP? Can take care of various planning strategies like 'Make-toStock'. 'Planning without Final Assembly’ Can also facilitates Capacity Planning Real time integration with other modules adds on to reliability of the production planning system in SAP R/3. .
vendor evaluation and invoice verification Includes inventory and warehouse management to manage stock until usage dictates the cycle should begin again Real-time integration between purchasing. goods receipt. including consumption-based planning. invoice verification and A/P .Why SAP MM? Covers all tasks within the supply chain. planning.
and Accounts Receivables .Why SAP SD? Provide one face to the customer Accurate configurations / fewer errors Reduced quote / order cycle times Real-time integration between sales. service. shipping.
ORGANISATION STRUCTURE To represent the company structures Organisational environment within which the business activities take place. Structure allows the responsibilities for different functions and processes to be clearly allocated to different departments and employees. . Determines the manner in which the company operates and it’s performance.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE – FI .
Balance sheets and Profit/Loss statements required by law.Client Client is a highest-level element of all organizational units Company Company is an organizational unit for which individual financial statements can be consolidate. An example of company code would be a company within a corporate group. can be created at company code level . A company can consist of one or more company codes Credit Control Area Credit Control Area is an organizational unit that represents an area responsible for granting and monitoring credit Company Code Company Code is an organizational unit.
More than one Company Codes can use the same Chart of Accounts Chart of Depreciation Chart of Depreciation is an object that contains the defined depreciation areas .Chart of Account Chart of Account is a list of GL Accounts.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE – CO .
. for which costs and revenues can be managed and allocated. Business Area Business Area is an organizational unit that represents a separate area of operations within an organization and can be used across company codes.Operating Concern Operating Concern is the central organizational structure in profitability analysis Controlling Area Controlling Area is an organizational unit within a company.
ORGANISATION STRUCTURE – PP .
ORGANISATION STRUCTURE – MM .
ORGANISATION STRUCTURE – SD .
Sales Organization Responsible for distributing goods and services Liable for the sold products Responsible for the customers' rights of recourse Distribution Channel Means through which sales materials reach the customer Represents your strategies to distribute goods and / or services to your customer Division Represents a product line Used to group materials and services .
SAP R/3 INTEGRATION MODEL .
Master Data & Transactional Data .
or hierarchies .MASTER DATA Master data is data that remains unchanged over a long period of time Master Data contains information that can be reused in transaction processing Master data can be attributes. texts.
a numerical value and refers to one or more master data Data relating to day to day transactions Covers a smaller portion of the business processes.TRANSACTIONAL DATA Transaction data is data describing an event (the change as a result of a transaction) Transaction data always has a time dimension. Transaction data can be changed on daily basis .
Interest indicator. Payment Terms. Phone no. Withholding Tax information etc . Phone no.. Payment Terms.Master Data in FI Module General Ledger Master Record Used to record all types of financial transaction Vendor Master Record General Data is a client specific data and used for Vendor’s Name. Address. Interest indicator. Vendor’s Bank Details etc Company Code Data is a company code specific data and used for Reconciliation Account. Vendor’s Bank Details etc Company Code Data is a company code specific data and used for Reconciliation Account. Address. Withholding Tax information etc Customer Master Record General Data is a client specific data and used for Vendor’s Name..
Depreciation Key (In which we define depreciation calculation methods).Master Data in FI Module Bank Master Data House Bank is defined for different-2 bank branch House Bank ID is defined for different-2 accounts of a particular bank branch Asset Master Data Can be used to maintain assets in sap system Can give capitalization date. etc . useful life. depreciation start date. Insurance details of that asset.
List of Transaction Data in FI Module Journal (JV) Processing Vendor Invoice Vendor Credit Memo Vendor Payment Customer Invoice Customer Credit Memo Customer Payment Cash Journal Asset Acquisition with / without Vendor .
collect. is also impacts in CO Cost Centers Used to track where costs occurred within the Organization (i. any type of transaction which is posted in FI. Records Cost/Expense (from the Cost Center or any other cost object as internal order.Master Data in CO Module Cost Element Used to make FI and Co integration.e. and B/S items Profit Center can go across company codes . etc). and settle the costs of internal jobs and tasks Profit Centers Used to provide information to measure the profitability within the Organization. revenue. as a cost collector) Internal Orders Used to plan..
List of Transaction Data in CO Module Manual Reposting of Cost Manual Reposting of Revenues Activity Allocation Activity Allocation Reposting Planning Budgeting Material Cost Estimate .
List of PP Master Data Material Master Data Bill of Materials (BOMs) Work Center Routings .
Bill of Material (BOM) Master Data BOM is a structured list of components that make up a product or assembly Contains list of all materials required in a process together with the quantities required. by-products and remaining materials) with negative quantities . It includes: Components with positive quantities Output materials (that is.
for example: Machines.Work Center Master Data Operations are carried out at a work center. In the R/3 System work centers are business objects that can represent the following real work centers. machine groups Production lines Assembly work centers Employees. groups of employees .
capacity requirements and costs Use of materials during production Use of work centers Quality Checks to be carried out during production .Routing Master Data Sequence of operations to be performed at the work center In a routing you plan Operations (work steps) to be carried out during production Activities to be produced in the operations as a basis for determining dates.
List of PP Transactional Data Production Order MRP Run Stock Requirement List Goods Issue (to Stock after Production) .
The material master is more than a single file for each material.List of MM Master Data Material Master The Material master is the repository of the data used for a material. The vendor file is the sole location for the information on each of the vendors for a company . it is where all information on a material is entered and accessed. and it is used throughout the SAP system Vendor Master The vendor master is an important master file that contains the information on a supplier that is required for purchasing any material.
List of MM Master Data Purchasing Info Record The Info record is where information specific to a material and a vendor is held. net price. delivery tolerances. etc can be entered in to the info record. Information's such as purchasing group. . It is used in the PO where information from the record is defaulted in to PO.
List of MM Transactional Data Purchase Requisition Purchase Order Request for Quotation Goods Receipt Goods Issue Invoice Verification Transfer Posting .
and Customer Payments . in order to avoid data redundancy. It is valid for the respective sales area (sales organization. and Company Code Data General Data is relevant for sales and distribution and for accounting. It is stored centrally (client-specific). Invoices. Sales Area Data. division) Company Code Data is relevant for accounting.List of SD Master Data Customer Master Data Customer Master Groups Data into categories: General Data. It is valid for all organizational units within a client Sales Area Data is relevant for sales and distribution. It is valid for the respective company code Customer Master includes all data necessary for processing Orders. distribution channel. Deliveries.
freights. surcharges and discounts. and taxes .List of SD Master Data Customer-Material Info Record Used to record data for a combination of customers and materials Cross-reference from customer's material number to material number and the customer's material description Specific shipping information for this customer and material Condition Master Record Create and maintain values in this master data for automatic pricing Includes prices.
order confirmation. mail. telex. for example: printer. invoice Partner functions include. fax. EDI Times at which output is sent include: immediately when saving. for example: quotation. manually when required . for example: sold-to party.List of SD Master Data Output Master Data Define the transmission medium. the time. and bill-to party Transmission media include. ship-to party. and the partner function for an output type Output types include.
List of SD Transactional Data Sales Order Inquiry Quotation Scheduling Agreement Contract Delivery Billing .
Business Cycle .
Execution Production Management .Schedule to Post Cycle Requirement from sales/marketing Production Planning Check Availability Components no Purchasing yes Production Order Receipt of Fin Goods In Stores Production Confirmation Mfg.
Procure to Pay Cycle .
Materials Management Processing System .
Order to Cash Cycle Sales Order Processing Sales Order Processing Inventory Sourcing Inventory Sourcing Pre-Sales Activities Quotation Invoice Payment Payment Billing Billing Delivery Delivery .
Documents in the Sales and Distribution Processing System Sales and Distribution Processing System Sales Information System Sales Support / Service Sales Contact Inquiry Quotation INR Delivery free of charge Subsequent delivery free of charge Contract Order (Rush/Cash) Returns Scheduling agreement M A T E R I A L S M G M T P R O D U C T I O N P L A N N I N G Shipping Billing Transport Delivery Goods Issue Debit memo Invoice Credit memo Financial Accounting .
Reports & Forms .
upgrade. Interfaces. Reports. Conversions and Enhancements F – Forms includes Scripts and Smart Forms R – Reports includes classical and interactive reporting I .) . production support etc.Enhancements includes User-Exits FRICE is a classification used during the customization of SAP ERP using ABAP Workbench Primarily used during implementation of the solution Also vital for solution documentation during operations and support (including maintenance.FRICE FRICE is an acronym for Forms.Interfaces is about ALE/iDOCs C .Conversions includes BDCs and LSMWs E . enhancements.
FI Reports & Forms Reports GL Account Balances (Totals & Balances) Invoice Numbers assigned Twice Gaps in Document Number Assignments GL Account List Financial Statement Version Check Register List of Customer Open Items List of Down Payments open at key date CENVAT Register Forms TR6 Challan GR7 Challan TDS Challan .
CO Reports & Forms Reports Cost Elements: Breakdown by Company Code Cost Centers: Actual/Plan/Variance Cost Centers: Planning Overview Profit Center Group: Plan/Actual/Variance Profit Center Comparison: Plan/Actual/Variance Master Data Report for Cost Elements Cost Centers: Master Data Report .
PP Reports & Forms Reports Long-Term Capacity Planning List of Production Order MRP List List of Missing Part Evaluation of Product Group Planning Forms Production Order Confirmation .
MM Reports & Forms Reports List of Purchase Order by Vendor List of Purchase Order by Material Sub Contracting Stock Monitoring for Vendor Stock Overview Plant Analysis Vendor Analysis Forms Purchase Order Confirmation Request for Quotation Goods Receipt .
SD Reports & Forms Reports List of Open Order List of Delivery List of Billing Customer Analysis Sales Summary – Customer / Material Wise Forms Order Confirmation Bill of Lading Delivery Challan Excise Invoice Commercial Invoice Picking List .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.