28)
=
0.K W/m2 .500 0. MEP .SHELL SIDE CALCULATION 1. TUBE SIDE CALCULATION: 1.6044
o
Inlet temperature Mass flowrate Density Ther al Conductivity Dyna ic viscocity Specific Heat Prandtl number Velocity of fluid inside the tubes
C kg/s kg/m3 kg/
W/m .66 W/m -K
ht =
=
( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at tube side condition of flow )
III.89 m
4.
De =
0.9 Kpa psi .20 the flow is turbulent
-2
= (1. over the tubes.406.93 0.2 0.0 SHELL PRESSURE DROP The shell-side fluid experiences a pressure drop as it passes through the exchanger. m
Rey Fiedacan 11.s/m2 4181.K W/m2 .2 2.24 m Effective length of tube for area in heat transfer A' L = N t do Use: L =
2.06 the flow is turbulent
2.0 Outer surface area .0008292 N.1
Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( with fouling Effect ) Af = Q Uf Tm Af Ac = 156.6
Number of Baffles
Gs =
= 398. OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT 1.0 TUBE SIDE HEAT TRANSFER ht = Nutkt di where: Nut Kt di = Nusselt number of fluid inside the tubes = Thermal conductivity of fluid inside the tubes = Inside diameter of tubes
2
1.0 Temperature of outlet fluid .MECHANICAL ENGINEER.5 < Prt < 200 Nut = 2.27 W/m2-K
1.ENGINEERING CALCULATION
THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES HELL
EVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.01 -09 1
Doc.225 m 4 0 s = f(Clearance.0 SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSFER BY KERN CORRELATION which predicts results in the range of 2x103< Res = GsDe/µ< 1 x106 ht =
0.7(f/2)1/2(Prt2/3 -1) Nutkt di
=
225.462.005797
=
+
c
= 58.125 m s
2.3
Wall temperature
Tw
=
Tt1+Tt2 2
+
= 297.2
do -1 do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uf = + Rft = kt ho + di hi + 2
1.024 m s
2
De of triangular pitch in tube layout De
1/2 2 = 4(PT (3) /4.7(f/2)1/2(Prt2/3 -1) Prt Ret Ft = = 6.6 J/kg .3 K mtCpct 2. Baffle spacing) = 0.36ks Res Prs De o o
= 1
1.1 Shell side friction factor fs = exp(0. Baffle spacing) 2
2.3.3
Surface design area of heat exchanger at certain 30 % more allowance for fouling effect 2 A' = 126.40 m m m m
W/m .9400
=
7.2
Reynolds Number Equivalent Diameter
Res De
= (ms/As)(De/µs) =
= f(Square. No.637(CL/CTP)( do PR N ) 0 s = f(Clearance.7 J/kg .6762 Kpa = 8.800 1 Shell diameter m 1121.K W/m2 .5
Number of Baffles
Nb =
-1
=
7
2.14
=
0.66 2800.This is used to determined the pumping power required to handle the fluid in tubes and shell.1 2.800.637(CL/CTP)1/2(A'PR2do/L)1/2 0.0009001 kg/m .4
Total flow area of tubes
As
= f(Clearance.58lnRet .07. 11. the actual diameter shall be the nearest available size either seamless pipe or fabricated as rolled plate ' Use: Ds = 0. and around the baffles.s/m2 4178.
1.4 Correction Factor
s
24.tmin tmax ln tmin P = 0.27 1406.300
2.36ks Res Prs De
where: Nus Ks de Res Prs
= = = = =
Nusselt number of fluid outsidethe tubes Thermal conductivity of fluid outside the tubes Equivalent diameter of shell Reynold number flow outside the tubes Prandtl number of flow outside the tunes
11.55 1/3 0.526.5ln(Ret) .7
Tube Pitch Ratio Tube Layout Constant
PR
= PT/do = f(Clearance.3 Bundle Crossflow As
Square Pitch
.2010 -fi
Designed by Date
r @ h .28) ftLNp di 4Np
-2
= µc2 2
0.4 0.2
Bundle crossflow area
As
=
DsCB PT
= 0.3.6 2.K
W/m .s 2.000 0.55 1/3 0.72
2 8.5
New Shell Diameter
Ds'
= f(Clearance.8 K .1
Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( No fouling Effect ) Ac = = 97.3 Prandtl number Reynold number at tube side Friction factor at given Re (f/2)RetPrt 1.Triangular layout)
do Flow PT
De of square pitch in tube layout De
2 4(PT -
=
do /4) De
2
S
= 0. . 1.5 psi
.930
2 2.85
ht =
( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at shell side condition of flow )
IV.Kirililov for Turbulent flows ) which predicts results in the range of 104< Ret < 5 x106 and 0.1 2.121 tubes 374 per pass
2.07+12.000176 m2 .19431 R = 3.00 m
2. based on corrected shell clearance of tubes and baffle spacing.025 3.HEAT & MASS BALANCE 1. Revi i
Pr ject Title Part
: :
HEAT EXCHANGER FOR CHILLED WATER Horizontal Shell
Sketch :
H HEAT EXCHANGER THERMAL CALCULAT EXCH ER T AL ULATION BY REY FIEDAC R EDACAN.0 TUBE SIDE PRESSURE DROP 1. Baffle spacing) = DsCB PT 0
2 = 0.5
Estimated Shell Diameter
Ds
=
0.
.8 oC
=
µs µw L B Ms As
0.K/W 32 25 28. average temperature between cold and hot fluid across therefore: the absolute viscosity and wall temperature of = 0.07 2 Number of tubes 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Length of tubes(Allowancefor tubesheet not included) Tube outside diameter Tube inside diameter Baffle spacing ( baffle cut at 25%) Tube pitch Number of passes Thermal Conductivity of tubes Tube side heat transfer coefficient Shell side heat transfer coefficient Clean overall heat transfer coefficient Fouled overall heat transfer coefficient Tube side pressure drop Shell side pressure drop 4.0 CTP = 0.0 NUSSELT NUMBER ( CORRELATION FROM Petukhov .869.0009832 N.4
=
1.989
2. PRESSURE DROP .00208 F = 0.018 m s
Flow do
Use: 2.87 0.9 0.68 6.019 0.593 kg/m2-s
therefore:
Ps
= = =
fsG s(Nb+1)D's 2 sD e s 6.32 W/m -K
0. Baffle spacing) for 90 and 45 for 30o and 60o one tube pass two tube pass three tube pass Use:
0.8023645 2 m/s 0.6144
o o o
9 Total fouling factor SHELL SIDE: COLD SIDE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Inlet temperature Outlet temperature Average temperature Mass flowrate Density Thermal Conductivity Dynamic viscocity
C C C
3
kg/s kg/m
9 Specific Heat 5.19ln(Res)) = 0.55 KW
Q =(mscps)(Ts1 -Ts2) =
5.655 K for Counter flow 4.54 58. 2 fsG s(Nb+1)D's Ps = 2 sD e s 2.125 m .07.649.based on the mass flowrate of cold fluid inside the tubes and recommended velocity on the specified number of passes.21 for parallel flow 7.1 1.2010 HX .Clean heat transfer coefficient -1 do do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uc = kt ho + di hi + 2 = 1.337
m
CL = =
CL = CL = CTP = CTP = CTP = 1.300 8526.do /8) do/2 0 2 2 = 0.K 0.80 m
V.11
2
Q Uc Tm Uc = Use: 2. Ts1+Ts2 2 the tube length
1 2
2
2.488. head required to pump the fluid into the tubes
2.1
K
where: LMTD = LMTD =
6.Cold fluid ( Predicted from energy and mass balance) msCps(Ts1-Ts2) = 295.80236
tv tdi/µt
=
32. head required to pump the fluid into the shell
2
TUBE SIDE : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
HOT SI E 20 150 998.6396127 10 Prandtl number CONSTRUCTIONAL DATA OF THE PROPOSED SHELL AND TUBE HX 0.25 m2
2. N .5 50 996.68 m corrected shell diameter at the given length = however. Nt = 4mtNp/ tvt di = II. Baffle spacing) di N t = 0.2 Tube side friction factor Tube side friction factor ft Pt = (1.ME
I.K 0.K 6.005797
Nut =
(f/2)RetPrt 1.Fouled heat transfer coefficient
m
2263.0 HEAT DUTY OF HEAT EXCHANGER
heat transfer between shell & tubes
based on the temperature difference between hot fluids inlet and outlet condition.2
Check for % surface design Os = Use: = 61% Os = 30 %
2.0 LMTD Calculation ( Corrected ) where : Tm = F(LMTD) = 6.K Kpa Kpa
#
Summary of THE HEAT EXCHANGER S ary f THERMAL DESIGN OF HE T E HANGE L ESI
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PT
.32 1869.016 0.0 Outer surface area .0 NUMBER OF TUBES .4 0. Baffle spacing) =
2 2 t 1/2 = 0.07+12.000 42.54
W/m -K
2
2.K W/m2 .0 Log mean temperature difference across the heat exchanger (LMTD) Ts2 =
LMTD =
tmax .024234
= f(Clearance.576 -0.08 for counterflow
3.996
m
2.