Mini Project’11

DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We take this opportunity to thank GOD almighty, for blessing us with grace throughout this project and take our endeavour to a successful culmination.We are extending our sincere and heartfelt gratitude to our Project Guide Mrs.RACHANA.M.K , the lecturer of Electronics And Communication Engineering and Mrs.REKHA M, the Project co-ordinator of Electronics And Communication Engineering. We intend our prodigious thanks to our Principal,

Dr.VEERANKUTTY,the head of the Department of Electronics And Communication Engineering Prof.SHIJU ARAVINDAKSHAN.M for encouraging and allowing us to make use of facilities over here and thus completing our project. We would like to thank our faculty members also on this occasion. Last but not the least we would like to thank our companions for the support and encouragement they have extended to us during the course of work.

Dept. Of ECE

IESCE, Thrissur

Mini Project’11

DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher

ABSTRACT

A method used by the telephone system to recognize the keys pressed when dialing. Pressing a key on the phone's keypad generates two simultaneous tones, which are decoded by the exchange to determine which key was pressed. The full form of DTMF is dual tone multi frequency it is being used when u want to send u tone of a number to the opponent like in the voice recording when u call to customer service there is a tone recognizer which will get the tone of the number which u have press and do the functionality Dual-tone-multi-frequency (DTMF, also known as touch-tone) are the audible sounds you hear when you press keys on your phone. Touch-tone is familiar to many (telephone), it is a mature technology, and readily available with off-the-shelf, single-chip, lowcost components A DTMF based fire extinguisher system is based on extinguishing fire by controlling the circuit direction through phone. Here we use integrated with digital decoder and band split filter functions. A DTMF keypad consists of numbers with varying frequency. The generated tone at the transmitter is decoded by the decoder which is placed in the circuit the transmitter is the mobile phone. it pumps the water by viewing through the camera where the fire had struck and water it in the direction where the fire had struck

Dept. Of ECE

IESCE, Thrissur

Mini Project’11

DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher

CONTENTS

LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. BLOCK DIAGRAM 3. BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION
3.1 MICROCONTROLLER 3.2 MOBILE PHONES 3.3 DTMF DECODER 3.4 TEMPERATURE SENSOR 3.5 CENTRIFUGAL PUMP 3.6 DRIVERS 3.7 MOTORS

I II 1 4 5
5 6 6 7 8 8 9

4. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 5. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM EXPLANATION
5.1 MICROCONTROLLER 5.2 TEMPERATURE SENSOR 5.3 DTMF DECODER 5.4 DRIVER

10 11
11 19 19 20

6. WORKING OF CIRCUIT 7. PCB LAYOUT

21 22

Dept. Of ECE

IESCE, Thrissur

REFERENCE 14. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 9.2 DISADVANTAGES 23 25 25 25 10.APPLICATIONS 11.Mini Project’11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 8.CONCLUSION 13. FIRMWARE 9.1 ADVANTAGES 9.FUTURE ENHANCEMENT 12.APPENDIX 26 29 30 31 32 Dept. Thrissur . Of ECE IESCE.

Mini Project’11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher LIST OF FIGURES TITLE PAGE NO Block Diagram of DTMF based fire extinguisher Circuit Diagram Of DTMF BASED fire extinguisher Block Diagram of PIC 16F677A Block Diagram of RA3:RA0 Pins Block Diagram of RB3:RB0 Pins Block Diagram of PORTC Block Diagram of PORTD Block Diagram of PORTE DTMF Keypad PCB Layout 4 10 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 22 Dept. Thrissur . Of ECE I IESCE.

Thrissur .Mini Project’11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS NAME FULL FORM A/D BOR DC DTMF EEPROM ICSP MC μA PC PCB PIC WDT Analog to Digital Converter Brown-out Reset Direct current Dual Tone Multiple Frequency Electrically Erasable Programmable read only memory In-Circuit Serial Programming Microcontroller Micro ampere Personal Computer Printed Circuit Board Peripheral Interface Controller Watchdog Timer Dept. Of ECE II IESCE.

The DTMF (Dual Tone Multiple Frequency) application is associated with digital telephony. single-chip. and readily available with off-the-shelf. PIC or Stamp). Thrissur . 8051. also known as touch-tone) are the audible sounds you hear when you press keys on your phone.g. can respond and controlIn DTMF there are 16 distinct tones. Touch-tone is familiar to many (telephone). Each tone is the sum of two frequencies: one from a low and one from a high frequency group. low-cost components A method used by the telephone system to recognize the keys pressed when dialing. R2. Of ECE 1 IESCE. through touch-tones.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 1. Yet another experiment is to interface either the generator or the emitter or both to a PC or embedded microprocessor (e. INTRODUCTION Dual-tone-multi-frequency (DTMF. It is this performance that makes DTMF ideal for clear transmission and reception in remote control (wireless or through phone lines) applications. There are four different frequencies in each group. there are only 4 rows (R1. This makes decoding the tone very easy even in surrounding noise. In this scenario. it is a mature technology. one low band) for duration of 100 ms. the PC or a peripheral. DTMF decoder can be powered from a 9V battery or from your parallel printer port. For these reasons DTMF is often used in remote control applications that typically use telephones. which are decoded by the exchange to determine which key was pressed. It can detect and display all 16 DTMF digits on your computer Dept. R3 and R4) and 3 columns (C1. Your phone only uses 12 of the possible 16 tones. The rows and columns select frequencies from the low and high frequency group respectively. Pressing a key on the phone's keypad generates two simultaneous tones. The bottom line is that DTMF was designed for optimal performance with each tone being very distinct. C2 and C3). and provides two selected output frequencies (one high band. . If you look at your phone.

numbered 1 and 2. both phones are on hook and no external incoming call is present. The HT9170B and HT9170D types supply power-down mode and inhibit mode Dept. This circuit differs from similar circuits in view of its simplicity and a totally different concept of generating the control signals. A microphone picks up the tones. The Window's program can be placed in the minimize mode and still detect tones while you use your computer to do other things like Net surfing The tone generator's speaker next to the mouthpiece of your phone. a preamplifier boosts the signals. a Basic Stamp acts as an interface to an LCD display and also provides serial output. The HT9170 series are Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) receivers integrated with digital decoder and band split filter functions. Remember. All chips run off a +5 V regulator and all relays and telephone handsets run off a +12 V regulator A DTMF Decoder displays telephone numbers decoded from tones. DTMF chip decodes the tones. Thrissur . and dialling a phone number might actually work since the emitted tone is loud enough.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher screen in real-time. Their use is thus limited to a very confined area and line-of-sight. Thus the telephone can be used to switch on or switch off the appliances also while being used for normal conversation Telephone intercom version of the Link uses DTMF tones for dialling both internally between handsets. The digit ‘0’ in DTMF mode is used to toggle between the appliance mode and normal telephone operation mode. and externally for outside calls. it is to simply connect unapproved and untested equipment to Telco lines. remote control unit has 4 channels which can be easily extended to 12. Usually remote control circuits make use of infrared light to transmit control signals. DTMF can be used to switch up to nine appliances (corresponding to the digits 1 through 9 of the telephone key-pad). The DTMF signals on telephone instrument are used as control signals. and the link has only 2 handsets. When the Link is at reset. so avoid the fine and confiscation of your equipment. Of ECE 2 IESCE. in some countries.

A DTMF based fire extinguisher system is based on extinguishing fire by controlling the circuit direction through phone. A built-in dial tone rejection circuit is provided to eliminate the need for pre-filtering. Ordinary fire detectors are only meant for detecting fire There are detectors which can detect possibility of fire and can extinguish it in a parallel manner before having its own vital impact. All types of the HT9170 series use digital counting techniques to detect and decode all the 16 DTMF tone pairs into a 4-bit code output. it pumps the water by viewing through the camera where the fire had struck and water it in the direction where the fire had struck Dept. So fire detectors are inevitable role in every field. Highly accurate switched capacitor filters are employed to divide tone (DTMF) signals into low and high group signals. In most cases the consequences faced are irrepairable. Of ECE 3 IESCE. The generated tone at the transmitter is decoded by the decoder which is placed in the circuit the transmitter is the mobile phone.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher operations. Here we use integrated with digital decoder and band split filter functions. Thrissur . The possibility of occurrence of fire is high now a days. A DTMF keypad consists of numbers with varying frequency.

Of ECE 4 IESCE. Thrissur . BLOCK DIAGRAM POWER SUPPLY DTMF MODULE DC MOTOR GSM MODULE PIC TEMP SENSOR CENTRIFUGAL PUMP BUZZER PC CAMERA Dept.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 2.

microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes. office machines. BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION The microcontroller controls the entire operations. integrating analog components needed to control non-digital electronic systems. The system also consist DTMF decoder. centrifugal pump. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor. implantable medical devices. and toys. such as automobile engine control systems. Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often included on chip. LM35 is used as the temperature sensor. Thrissur . Of ECE 5 IESCE. appliances.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 3. The output of the sensor is connected to the analog channel of the microcontroller. memory. as well as a typically small amount of RAM. Here we use PIC 16F877A to control the device. power tools. DC motors. The microcontroller is programmed to turn on the buzzer according to the temperature level. Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices. The temperature sensor senses the ambient temperature and provides output voltage in accordance with the temperature.1 MICROCONTROLLER Microcontroller (MC) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core. Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications. in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications. Dept. Mixed signal microcontrollers are common. remote controls. memory. and programmable input/output peripherals. 3. driver and temperature sensor. H Bridge. and input/output devices.

3.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 3. using the telephone keypad. Mobile phones differ from cordless telephones. Thrissur . was first used by AT&T in commerce as a registered trademark.23. A key feature of the cellular network is that it enables seamless telephone calls even when the user is moving around wide areas via a process known as handoff or handover. gradually replaced the use of rotary dial starting in 1963. The Touch-Tone system. Other multi-frequency systems are used for internal signaling within the telephone network.2 MOBILE PHONES Mobile phones are electronic device used for full duplex two-way radio telecommunications over a cellular network of base stations known as cell sites. and since then DTMF or Touch-Tone became the industry standard for both cell phones and landline service Dept. Of ECE 6 IESCE. Lowend mobile phones are often referred to as feature phones. for example within a home or an office. and is standardized by ITU-T Recommendation Q. whereas high-end mobile phones that offer more advanced computing ability are referred to as smart phones. The version of DTMF that is used in pushbutton telephones for tone dialing is known as Touch-Tone. which only offer telephone service within limited range through a single base station attached to a fixed land line.3 DTMF DECODER Dual-tone multi-frequency signal (DTMF) is used for telecommunication signaling over analog telephone lines in the voice-frequency band between telephone handsets and other communications devices and the switching center. It is also known in the UK as MF4. It does this by connecting to a cellular network owned by a mobile network operator. A mobile phone allows its user to make and receive telephone calls to and from the public telephone network which includes other mobiles and fixed line phones across the world.

The LM35 thus has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin. whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature. Low cost is assured by trimming and calibration at the wafer level. The LM35 does not require any external calibration or trimming to provide typical accuracies of ±¼°C at room temperature and ±¾°C over a full -55 to +150°C temperature range. less than 0. As it draws only 60 µA from its supply. it has very low self-heating.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 3.1°C in still air. or with plus and minus supplies. mV/°C scale factor 0  0. while the LM35C is rated for a -40° to +110°C range (-10° with improved accuracy).4 TEMPERATURE SENSOR The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature sensors. LM35CA. The LM35's low output impedance. Thrissur . The LM35 is rated to operate over a -55° to +150°C temperature range. Features  Calibrated directly in ° Celsius (Centigrade)  Linear + 10. Of ECE 7 IESCE. The LM35D is also available in an 8-lead surface mount small outline package and a plastic TO-220 package. and precise inherent calibration make interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy. The LM35 series is available packaged in hermetic TO-46 transistor packages. linear output.5°C accuracy guaranteeable (at +25°C)  Rated for full-55° to +150°C range  Suitable for remote applications  Low cost due to wafer -level trimming  Operates from 4 to 30 volts Dept. and LM35D are also available in the plastic TO-92 transistor package. while the LM35C. It can be used with single power supplies. as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling.

The fluid enters the pump impeller along or near to the rotating axis and is accelerated by the impeller. the driver issues commands to the device. 3. Centrifugal pumps are commonly used to move liquids through a piping system.08°C in still air  Nonlinearity only ±¼°C typical  Low impedance output. 0. the driver may invoke routines in the original calling program. When a calling program invokes a routine in the driver. Of ECE 8 IESCE. Thrissur .1 Ohm for 1 mA load 3.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher  Less than 60 µA current drain  Low self heating. flowing radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber (casing). Centrifugal pumps are used for large discharge through smaller heads. 0. Once the device sends data back to the driver.6 DRIVERS A driver typically communicates with the device through the computer bus or communications subsystem to which the hardware connects. Drivers are hardware-dependent and operating-system-specific. They usually provide the interrupt handling required for any necessary asynchronous time-dependent hardware Dept.5 CENTRIFUGAL PUMP A centrifugal pump is a rotodynamic pump that uses a rotating impeller to increase the pressure of a fluid. from where it exits into the downstream piping system.

an internally commutated electric motor designed to be run from a direct current power source Brushless DC motor. high reliability. and simple control of motor speed.7 MOTORS Motor is a device that creates motion. Disadvantages are high maintenance and low life-span for high intensity uses.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 3. stationary permanent magnets. Dept. Of ECE 9 IESCE. an electric motor that runs on direct current electricity Brushed DC electric motor. Thrissur . Advantages of a brushed DC motor include low initial cost. It usually refers to an engine of some kind DC motor. and rotating electrical magnets. which states that any current carrying conductor placed within an external magnetic field experiences a torque or force known as Lorentz force. a synchronous electric motor which is powered by direct current electricity and has an electronically controlled commutation system.It works on the principle of Lorentz force . instead of a mechanical commutation system based on brushes The brushed DC motor generates torque directly from DC power supplied to the motor by using internal commutation.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM Dept. Of ECE 10 IESCE.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 4. Thrissur .

PIC is a family of Harvard architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip Technology. and serial programming (and re-programming with flash memory) capability. large user base. which are two-cycle  Operating speed: DC – 20 MHz clock input  Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver  Transmitter (USART/SCI) with 9-bit address  Detection Dept. wide availability.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 5. derived from the PIC1640 originally developed by General Instrument's Microelectronics Division. PICs are popular with developers and hobbyists alike due to their low cost. Of ECE 11 IESCE.1 FEATURES OF PIC MICROCONTROLLER High-Performance RISC CPU:  Only 35 single-word instructions to learn  All single-cycle instructions except for program  branches. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM EXPLANATION 5. The microcontroller used here is the PIC 16F877A. 5. Thrissur .1 MICROCONTROLLER Heart of the circuit is a microcontroller. extensive collection of application notes. The name PIC initially referred to "Peripheral Interface Controller".1. availability of low cost or free development tools.

000 erase/write cycle Data EEPROM  memory typical  Data EEPROM Retention > 40 years  Self-reprogrammable under software control  In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™)  via two pins  Single-supply 5V In-Circuit Serial Programming  Watchdog Timer (WDT) with its own on-chip RC  oscillator for reliable operation Dept. Thrissur . up to 8-channel Analog-to-Digital  Converter (A/D)  Brown-out Reset (BOR)  Analog Comparator module Special Microcontroller Features:  100.000 erase/write cycle Enhanced Flash  program memory typical  1.000. Of ECE 12 IESCE.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher Analog Features:  10-bit.

Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 5. Of ECE 13 IESCE.1.2 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF PIC 16F877A Dept. Thrissur .

e. bidirectional port. whereas writing to Dept.e. Reading the PORTA register reads the status of the pins. Thrissur .3 PORTA AND THE TRISA REGISTER Fig: Block diagram of RA3:RA0 PINS PORTA is a 6-bit wide. Clearing a TRISA bit (= 0) will make the corresponding PORTA pin an output (i. The corresponding data direction register is TRISA.1.. Of ECE 14 IESCE. put the corresponding output driver in a High-Impedance mode). Setting a TRISA bit (= 1) will make the corresponding PORTA pin an input (i.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 5. put the contents of the output latch on the selected pin)..

1. the value is modified and then written to the port data latch. All write operations are read-modify-write operations.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher It will write to the port latch. Thrissur . The RA4/T0CKI pin is a Schmitt Trigger input and an open-drain output. 5. Of ECE 15 IESCE. Therefore. a write to a port implies that the port pins are read.4 PORTB AND THE TRISB REGISTER Fig: Block diagram RB3:RB0 pins Dept. Pin RA4 is multiplexed with the Timer0 module clock input to become the RA4/T0CKI pin.

Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher PORTB is an 8-bit wide.e. Setting a TRISB bit (= 1) will make the corresponding PORTB pin an input (i. Thrissur . Of ECE 16 IESCE. The weak pull-up is automatically turned off when the port pin is configured as an output. A single control bit can turn on all the pull-ups. Clearing a TRISB bit (= 0) will make the corresponding PORTB pin an output (i.e. put the corresponding output driver in a High-Impedance mode). Each of the PORTB pins has a weak internal pull-up.. bidirectional port. put the contents of the output latch on the selected pin). The corresponding data direction register is TRISB. RB6/PGC and RB7/PGD.Three pins of PORTB are multiplexed with the In-Circuit Debugger and Low-Voltage Programming function: RB3/PGM. 5.5 PORTC AND THE TRISC REGISTER Fig: Block diagram of PORT C Dept.. This is performed by clearing bit RBPU (OPTION_REG<7>).1.

. Clearing a TRISC bit (= 0) will make the corresponding PORTC pin an output (i. Of ECE 17 IESCE. Setting a TRISC bit (= 1) will make the corresponding PORTC pin an input (i. 5. while other peripherals override the TRIS bit to make a pin an input. The corresponding data direction register is TRISC. care should be taken in defining TRIS bits for each PORTC pin.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher PORTC is an 8-bit wide.PORTC is multiplexed with several peripheral functions When enabling peripheral functions. bidirectional port. Thrissur . put the corresponding output driver in a High-Impedance mode).6 PORTD AND THE TRISD REGISTERS Fig: Block diagram of PORT D Dept.e.e. put the contents of the output latch on the selected pin).1. Some peripherals override the TRIS bit to make a pin an output..

In this mode. Of ECE 18 IESCE. Also. 5.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher PORTD is an 8-bit port with Schmitt Trigger input buffers. the input buffers are TTL. RE1/WR/AN6 and RE2/CS/AN7) which are individually configurable as inputs or outputs. The PORTE pins become the I/O control inputs for the microprocessor port when bit PSPMODE (TRISE<4>) is set. These pins have Schmitt Trigger input buffers. In this mode. In this mode. ensure that ADCON1 is configured for digital I/O.7 PORTE AND THE TRISE REGISTER PORTE has three pins (RE0/RD/AN5. Thrissur . the input buffers are TTL. the user must make certain that the TRISE<2:0> bits are set and that the pins are configured as digital inputs. Each pin is individually configurable as an input or output. PORTD can be configured as an 8-bit wide microprocessor port (Parallel Slave Port) by setting control bit. Fig: Block diagram of PORT E Dept.1. PSPMODE (TRISE<4>).

As it draws only 60 μA from its supply.3 DTMF DECODER The HT9170 series are Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) receivers integrated with digital decoder and band split filter functions. it has very low selfheating. and precise inherent calibration make interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy.2 TEMPERATURE SENSOR The LM35 has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin. less than 0. or with plus and minus supplies. The LM35’s low output impedance. Highly accurate switched capacitor filters are employed to divide tone (DTMF) signals into low and high group signals. Low cost is assured by trimming and calibration at the wafer level. Thrissur . It can be used with single power supplies.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 5. 5. Fig: DTMF keypad Dept. All types of the HT9170 series use digital counting techniques to detect and decode all the 16 DTMF tone pairs into a 4-bit code output.1°C in still air. The LM35 is rated to operate over a −55° to +150°C temperature range. as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling. Of ECE 19 IESCE. linear output. The LM35 does not require any external calibration or trimming to provide typical accuracies of ±1⁄4°C at room temperature and ±3⁄4°C over a full −55 to +150°C temperature range.

since the microcontroller can not drive it directly. Here we use BC 548 to drive the pump. Of ECE 20 IESCE. Thrissur .4 DRIVER A transistor is used to drive the centrifugal pump. Dept.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher Fig: DTMF frequency table 5.

WORKING OF THE CIRCUIT As in every embedded system. We can view the fire through a camera connected to the PC. When the temperature is above a critical level. This camera is placed on the DC Motor. Of ECE 21 IESCE. Dept. The keys 4 and 6 are used to rotate the DC Motor in either directions. The HT9170 series are Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) receivers integrated with digital decoder and band split filter functions. Here we use PIC 16F877A and LM35 is used as the temperature sensor. The key 5 is used for pumping water and key 2 is used to halt all the functions. the microcontroller controls all operations.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 6. The temperature sensor senses the ambient temperature and provides output voltage in accordance with the temperature. The output of the sensor is connected to the analog channel of the microcontroller. Thrissur . the buzzer makes an annoyance and controller watches the input port to get signal from the DTMF IC. which is controlled by the GSM device.

Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 7. PCB LAYOUT Dept. Of ECE 22 IESCE. Thrissur .

j. /* all bits output */ /* if .Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 8. increment */ { Dept.h> #ifndef _XTAL_FREQ // Unless already defined assume 4MHz system frequency // This definition is required to calibrate __delay_us() and __delay_ms() #define _XTAL_FREQ 16000000 #endif #define BUTTON1 #define BUTTON2 #define BUTTON3 #define BUTTON4 main(void) { //unsigned char TRISD = 0. Thrissur RB0 RB1 RB2 RB3 //bit 1 of PORTB //bit 1 of PORTB //bit 1 of PORTB //bit 1 of PORTB i. FIRM WARE #include <htc. TRISB = 0xFF. while(1) { if((BUTTON1 == 0)&&(BUTTON2 == 1)&&(BUTTON3 == 0)&&(BUTTON4 == 0)) switch pressed. Of ECE 23 IESCE.

Of ECE 24 IESCE. RD1 = 0. RD2 = 0. RD1 = 0. } else if((BUTTON1 == 0)&&(BUTTON2 == 1)&&(BUTTON3 == 1)&&(BUTTON4 == 0)) /* if switch pressed. RD1 = 1. } else { RD0 = 0. Thrissur .Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher RD0 = 0. RD2 = 1. } else if((BUTTON1 == 0)&&(BUTTON2 == 1)&&(BUTTON3 == 0)&&(BUTTON4 == 1)) /* if switch pressed. }}} Dept. RD2 = 0. increment */ { RD0 = 0. RD1 = 0. RD2 = 0. increment */ { RD0 = 1.

 The range of mobile is a problem because only by calling the pumping of water can be done.    Cost effective In industries and buildings controlling and sensing can be done easily. Many devices can be controlled at a time using DTMF alone.1 ADVANTAGES      Proximity sensing can be done in an easier manner. Of ECE 25 IESCE. 9. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 9. Thrissur .  It’s not fully automatic. tachometer and intruder alarms by assigning various functions to numbers in phone.2 DISADVANTAGES  The frequency range is limited. Many persons can access this by simply calling. DTMF alone can be used as an object counter.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 9. The havocs due to fire can be reduced Using phone various things can be done at a time.  Many persons can access which may lead to misleading. Dept.

rev-counter. APPLICATIONS DTMF finds applications in  Burglar alarms:. and safety alarms are electronic alarms designed to alert the user to a specific danger. or RPM gauge) is an instrument that measures the rotation speed of a shaft or disk.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 10. Dept.A tachometer (also called a revolution-counter. The ultrasonic sensor is operated to measure the round trip transit time of ultrasonic energy reflected back from the closest object in the stack and the number of objects in the stack is calculated on the basis of the known distance and the round trip transit time. In a casino application where the objects are chips of known monetary value. as in a motor or other machine.A system for counting the number of objects of known thickness in a stack and identifying the objects by their color in which an ultrasonic sensor is mounted at a known distance from a reference point that defines the beginning of the stack. A color sensor senses the color of at least one object in the stack to identify the object. fire.  Tachometers:. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial. but digital displays are increasingly common.  Object counter :. The most common security sensors are used to indicate the opening of a door or window or detect motion via passive infrared (PIR) .Burglar (or intrusion). Of ECE 26 IESCE. the value of the chips in the stack can be calculated. This enables us to detect any object capable of reflecting the IR beam and moving in front of the IR LED photo detector pair up to a distance of about 12 cm from it. Sensors are connected to a control unit via low-voltage wiring or a narrowband RF signal which is used to interact with a response device.  Proximity sensing of mobile robots:.A DTMF-based IR transmitter and receiver pair can be used to realize a proximity detector. Thrissur .

Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher  Used to detect the presence of human beings:-DTMF consists of different tones for different frequencies..A small fire can even make a city to barren land and thereby take away millions of lives. office. Hence the distance of operation can be noted.Fire can create a disaster .Various mechanical construction of sensors can be controlled using the DTMF .  Sensor mechanical construction applications:.The proximity sensing of robots can be done by using phones via DTMF. DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher finds application in  This is ideal for remote control applications around your home. Thereby the buzzer produces the sound and point out the intruders easily.The frequency can be controlled using DTMF. Thrissur . Of ECE 27 IESCE.  Proximity sensing of mobile robots: . shop:.  To control electric appliances:-Using DTMF the electric appliances can be controlled thereby using it for proximity detection. So by using this circuit the wireless camera in the circuit will identify the direction where the fire had struck. Dept. The proximity sensing can be done by adjusting the frequency through DTMF. The direction can be directed by pressing keys on the mobile phone. Automatic answering of call will make the circuit to pump water and water it to the direction specified. The intruders will be detected while cutting the IR rays. By assigning various functions to various numbers at different frequencies make it available for proximity sensing of mobile robots. So in order to detect the presence of human beings DTMF is used. we can make it do whatever the jobs we want by pressing that assigned numbers in mobile phones. By assigning different frequencies for different numbers different appliances can controlled using remote control.

It can be controlled using DTMF. Thrissur . A wireless camera is attached in the circuit. This makes us available to watch using USB TV Stick that is installed in PC. speed of rotation of machines can be noted easily using DTMF. In chemical factories the amount of addition of various constituents can be noted. Of ECE 28 IESCE.DTMF can be used for making various types of machines to work at a time. Also in every industries the security can be assigned. Dept.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher  Industrial application: .

 The direction of tracking of fire can be increased by making changes in firm ware.  The range of operation can be increased by using relays.  The USB TV stick installed in their PC makes everyone to view current incidents at the same time.  Display placed at specified areas makes the current incidents known to every one. Of ECE 29 IESCE.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 11.. Dept.  By placing more than one DTMF in the circuit double number of devices can be controlled and sensed at a time. FUTURE ENHANCEMENT  The circuit can be employed for Robotics.  Using wireless camera and PC we can locate the region easily  Sand and Hydrogen peroxide can be used instead of water in heavy machinery manufacturing units and so on. Thrissur .

We cn also watch the presence using USB TV stick that can be installed in PC. It then progress through a conceptual design that balances reliability.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 12. The direction can be controlled using mobile phone and can water it to that direction where the fire has struck. Dept. camera will determine the direction where the fire has struck. The project involves a DTMF based fire extinguisher which pumps the water following the automatic answering of call. Thus the havocs due to fire can be reduced. Of ECE 30 IESCE. Thrissur . Design of reliable and cost efficient fire extinguisher system begins with the establishing of need through system planning. CONCLUSION As a part of our project we studied the various aspects related with microcontroller. ultimate development and cost and culminates in detailed design through firmware.

REFERENCE 1. Ajay V Desmukh – ‘Microcontrollers – Theory And Applications’ 2.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher 13.national. www.com 4. Of ECE 31 IESCE. www. Thrissur .com 3. Balaguruswamy –Programming in ANSI C Dept.microchip.

Of ECE 32 IESCE.Mini Project ‘11 DTMF Based Fire Extinguisher APPENDIX Dept. Thrissur .

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