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In HTML, images are defined with the <img> tag. The <img> tag is empty, which means that it contains attributes only, and has no closing tag. To display an image on a page, you need to use the src attribute. Src stands for "source". The value of the src attribute is the URL of the image you want to display. Syntax for defining an image:
<img src="url" alt="some_text"/>
The URL points to the location where the image is stored. An image named "boat.gif", located in the "images" directory on "www.w3schools.com" has the URL: http://www.w3schools.com/images/boat.gif. The browser displays the image where the <img> tag occurs in the document. If you put an image tag between two paragraphs, the browser shows the first paragraph, then the image, and then the second paragraph.
HTML Images - The Alt Attribute
The required alt attribute specifies an alternate text for an image, if the image cannot be displayed. The value of the alt attribute is an author-defined text:
<img src="boat.gif" alt="Big Boat" />
The alt attribute provides alternative information for an image if a user for some reason cannot view it (because of slow connection, an error in the src attribute, or if the user uses a screen reader).
HTML Images - Set Height and Width of an Image
The height and width attributes are used to specify the height and width of an image. The attribute values are specified in pixels by default:
<img src="pulpit.jpg" alt="Pulpit rock" width="304" height="228" />
The broken link icon is shown if the browser cannot find the image.htm">Link</a> HTML Hyperlinks (Links) A hyperlink (or link) is a word. However. When you move the cursor over a link in a Web page. The <a> tag can be used in two ways: 1. at that moment.Tip: It is a good practice to specify both the height and width attributes for an image. make sure that the images actually stay in the same spot in relation to the web page. Therefore. by using the href attribute 2. Note: When a web page is loaded. otherwise your visitors will get a broken link icon. so my best advice is: Use images carefully. without these attributes. To create a link to another document. or image that you can click on to jump to a new document or a new section within the current document. If these attributes are set. To create a bookmark inside a document. the space required for the image is reserved when the page is loaded. it is the browser.eleven files are required to display the page right. HTML Image Tags Tag <img /> <map> <area /> Description Defines an image Defines an image-map Defines a clickable area inside an image-map HTML link with file:/// <A HREF="file:///C:/My Documents/Ron/Pricing. that actually gets the image from a web server and inserts it into the page. the browser does not know the size of the image. by using the name attribute . group of words. the arrow will turn into a little hand. Basic Notes . Loading images takes time.Useful Tips Note: If an HTML file contains ten images . The effect will be that the page layout will change during loading (while the images load). Links are specified in HTML using the <a> tag.
Bookmarks are not displayed in any special way. The example below will open the linked document in a new browser window or a new tab: Example <a href="http://www.w3schools.The target Attribute The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.HTML Link Syntax The HTML code for a link is simple. Using the id attribute actually works also for HTML4 in all modern browsers. Note: The upcoming HTML5 standard suggests using the id attribute instead of the name attribute for specifying the name of an anchor. The name attribute is used to create a bookmark inside an HTML document.w3schools. It can be an image or any other HTML element. Example . HTML Links . Tip: The "Link text" doesn't have to be text. They are invisible to the reader.The name Attribute The name attribute specifies the name of an anchor.com/" target="_blank">Visit W3Schools!</a> Try it yourself » HTML Links . It looks like this: <a href="url">Link text</a> The href attribute specifies the destination of a link. Example <a href="http://www.com/">Visit W3Schools</a> which will display like this: Visit W3Schools Clicking on this hyperlink will send the user to W3Schools' homepage.
20. the server will first add a slash to the address. . Each chapter within the document is given a named anchor.htm#tips"> Visit the Useful Tips Section</a> Basic Notes .com/html/".w3schools. A URL can be composed of words. you will generate two requests to the server. such as "w3schools. Tip: Named anchors are often used to create "table of contents" at the beginning of a large document.com/html_links.com/html". or an Internet Protocol (IP) address: 192. create a link to the "Useful Tips Section" from another page: <a href="http://www.50. HTML Link Tags Tag <a> Description Defines an anchor HTML Uniform Resource Locators A URL is another word for a web address. Most people enter the name of the website when surfing.w3schools. If you link like this: href="http://www.com".Useful Tips Note: Always add a trailing slash to subfolder references. and links to each of these anchors are put at the top of the document.w3schools. and then create a new request like this: href="http://www.A named anchor inside an HTML document: <a name="tips">Useful Tips Section</a> Create a link to the "Useful Tips Section" inside the same document: <a href="#tips">Visit the Useful Tips Section</a> Or. because names are easier to remember than numbers.68.
Not encrypted Secure HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure web pages. A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to address a document (or other data) on the world wide web.Uniform Resource Locator When you click on a link in an HTML page. like this: http://www.defines the domain host (the default host for http is www) domain .URL .. Common web pages starts with http://. HyperText Transfer Protocol Which pages will the scheme be used for.defines the type of Internet service..asp follows these syntax rules: scheme://host.com :port .com/html/default.w3schools.defines the Internet domain name. like w3schools.defines a path at the server (If omitted.defines the port number at the host (the default port number for http is 80) path .domain:port/path/filename Explanation: y y y y y y scheme . the document must be stored at the root directory of the web site) filename . All information exchanged are encrypted File Transfer Protocol For downloading or uploading files to a website. an underlying <a> tag points to an address on the world wide web.defines the name of a document/resource Common URL Schemes The table below lists some common schemes: Scheme http https Short for. Useful for domain maintenance A file on your computer ftp file ... The most common type is http host .. A web address.
If you wish to have a specific subject in the email. simply add &body=: <a href="mailto:email@echoecho. you can add it to the html code using subject= setting : <a href="mailto:email@echoecho. using the <a href> tag. subject and text already entered.com?subject=SweetWords &body=Please send me a copy of your new program!">Email Me</a> .com?subject=SweetWords"> Send Email</a> Suppose you want an email link for your visitors containing specific text in the body of their message.LINK TO EMAIL Having a link that allows visitors to send email from your website can be a great addition to your site. There is a special link for this action. making it easy for your visitors to send questions or comments.com?body=Please send me a copy of your new program!">Send Email</a> Or combine all the options and allow your visitor to send email with the address. Email links are done much the same as links to other pages. <a href="mailto:email@echoecho. An email link would require the following code: <a href="mailto:youremailaddress">Email Me</a> This will result in the visitor's email program opening a new email with your address already in the To: field.
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