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Lower Secondary Science Scheme of Work for SECONDARY ONE

No. 1.0 1.1 Topic / Sub-topic INTRODUCING SCIENCE Laboratory safety Objectives Students should be able to: • • state the basic laboratory safety rules including the standard evacuation procedure in case of fire in the laboratories; explain first aid treatment in common laboratory mishaps (chemical spills on body and eye, burn from hot water or apparatus); identify common laboratory apparatus and state their functions (test tube, dropper, evaporating dish, conical flask, boiling tube, test tube holder, glass rod, beaker, measuring cylinder, dropper, evaporating dish, conical flask, filter funnel, wire gauze, tripod stand); draw sectional diagrams of common laboratory apparatus; identify the different parts of a Bunsen burner or Labo gas burner (chimney, collar and air hole); state the function of the different parts of a Bunsen burner and Labo gas burner; carry out the proper technique of lighting a Labo gas burner; show an awareness of the limitations of human sense organs and thus the need for measuring instruments; state the SI units for length, area, volume, time, mass and temperature; carry out inter-conversion of units e.g. kilometres to metres, centimetres to metres and kilograms to grams; Time Frame (Weeks) 11
• • • • • • • •

Suggested Activities / Resources

Practical Activity 1.1 OHT 1.1 OHT1.5 a OHT 1.5 b Practical Activity 1.2 Practical Activity 1.3 (Part A and B only) Practical Activity 1.4 OHT 1.2 and overlay OHT 1.2

1.2

Handling common • laboratory apparatus

• • • • • • •

1.3

Measurements

Practical Activity 1.5

1

No. 1.3.1

Topic / Sub-topic Length, volume area and • • • • • •

Objectives recognise how to read meter rule correctly (parallax error); calculate the area of a regular-shaped object; estimate the approximate area of an irregular-shaped object e.g. the palm of the hand, the foot or the leaf; calculate the volume of a regular-shaped object; recognise how to read the volume using the meniscus level of the measuring cylinder; carry out an activity to find the volume of an irregularshaped object using the displacement of liquid method; show proficiency in the proper use of stopwatch, stop clock, beam balance and electronic balance; show an awareness of the accuracy of an electronic balance; define density as mass of a substance in one cubic centimetre; use the formula of density in calculations; state that solids of the same substance have the same density irrespective of shape and size. carry out an activity to find out that different substances will have different densities; recognise that floating depends on the density of matter with reference to: i) floating of a liquid on another liquid (limit to two liquids only); and ii) floating of a solid on a liquid;

Time Frame (Weeks)

Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 1.6 Part A only (Part B can be done as homework). Practical Activity 1.7

1.3.2

Mass and time

• •

• •

Practical Activity 1.8 Practical Activity 1.9

1.3.3

Density

• • • • •

• • •

Practical Activity 1.10 Practical Activity 1.11 Practical Activity 1.12

2

No. 1.3.4

Topic / Sub-topic Temperature • • • • •

Objectives state that temperature is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness; show an understanding of the safety precautions when handling the mercury thermometer; read the mercury and alcohol thermometers; state the limitations of mercury and alcohol thermometers; state the fixed points (ice point and steam point); show an understanding that in carrying out scientific experiments, three basic steps are recognised e.g. planning, observation and conclusion; and recognise that in carrying out scientific experiments, basic science process skills are required (observing, recording, measuring, communicating).

Time Frame (Weeks)

Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 1.13

1.4

Process skills scientific investigations

in •

Practical Activity 1.14

2.0 2.1

WATER States of water

Students should be able to:
• state the three states of water: solid (ice), liquid (water) and gas • • •

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• http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk
• •

(steam); observe the changes of water in different states of matter (with reference to boiling point, melting point and freezing point); state the difference between evaporation and boiling in terms of temperature; demonstrate and state that a solid (solute) dissolves in water (solvent) to form a solution with reference to salt, sugar, sodium hydroxide pellet, copper sulphate; state that gases also dissolve in water with reference to carbon dioxide and ammonia gas only;

Practical Activity 2.1 OHT 7.1 and overlay OHT 7.1

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and show an awareness of the existence of microorganisms such as fungi.No. evaporation.co.3 Practical Activity 3. animals with backbones (fishes.1 3.uk/schools /websites/11_16/site/science .4 and overlay OHT 4.e.bbc. classify plants and animals according to common observable characteristics into Plants: algae.uk/schools /websites/11_16/site/science .5 OHT 4.shtml 3. force of gravity. classify an assortment of objects based on observable features e. magnetic force and turning) and what they can do.co. smell as an introduction to classification skill. 2. seed plants (flowering and non-flowering plants). 3 • • • • • • • • • Practical Activity 3. push. reptiles.3 OHT 4.4 Diversity and • classification of plants and animals • • • • 4.2 Topic / Sub-topic Separation technique Objectives • use appropriate techniques for separating constituents of mixtures by physical means (i.1 OHT 4. Animals: animals without backbones (worms.0 CLASSIFICATION 3 • http://www. Students should be able to: Time Frame (Weeks) • • • • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 2. and • interpret chromatograms in terms of the number of different dyes present. molluscs.e.2 Characteristics of living things • list the main differences between living and non living things. fern.shtml 4.2 OHT 4. mammals.3 and overlay OHT 4. chromatography and distillation). recognise that there is a variety of plants and animals which can be grouped on the basis of observable external characteristics. filtration. shape.g.1 and overlay OHT 4.3 Practical Activity 2.1 Types of forces • identify the different forms of forces (i. construct a simple classification key and use it to identify organisms.1 Practical Activity 3.2 Practical Activity 2. • describe and use paper chromatography. arthropods).2 Practical Activity 3.4 Practical Activity 3. colour. size. bacteria and viruses which are not classified as either plants or animals. friction.6 a and 2.2 and overlay OHT 4. 4 . Use only food colourings and ink.0 FORCES Students should be able to: • http://www.6 b 3.bbc.4 OHT 2. amphibians and birds). pull.

ii) change in direction. • state that pressure in a liquid: i) acts throughout the liquid in all directions. 4. a slab. • explain pressure in a gas using the particle model.5 Pressure • • Practical Activity 4. Time Frame (Weeks) • • • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 4.6 . • differentiate between force in Newtons and energy in Joules.3 Measurement of forces Line graphs • measure force using spring balance and state the unit of force as Newton (N).2 Topic / Sub-topic Effects of forces • Objectives observe and infer the effects of forces through experiments and students’ daily experiences that a force can produce: i) change in speed. and 5 • Practical Activity 4. • read and interpret line graphs. iii) change in size.4 4. • show an understanding of what a line graph is. • define pressure as force per unit area. • plot a line graph including how to set the scale for the horizontal and vertical axes. and ii) increases with depth.4 4. • state that the normal atmospheric pressure at sea level is 760mm of mercury.No. • perform simple calculations to determine the pressure in N/m2 or N/cm2 or in Pa exerted by a body such as a brick.2 Practical Activity 4.5 Practical Activity 4. • relate pressure with force and area: Pressure = Force Area 2 • state that 1 N/m = 1 Pa. a boy.1 Practical Activity 4. and iv) change in shape.3 4. a box and so on. • calculate pressure from force and the area on which it acts. • state that the atmospheric pressure is due to the weight of the air.

cell membrane. shtml http://www. large knob.co. transport.uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science. 4 • http:lgfl.4 http://www. cytoplasm.uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science. organ and system • 5. stage.No.5 5.5 Practical Activity 5.2 Main structures of plant and animal cells • • • • Practical Activity 5. small knob. tube. eyepiece. objective lens. clips) and state the function of each part.6 6 .1 • • Practical Activity 5.3 Practical Activity 5. 4. • show proficiency in mounting a specimen on a microscope slide. • • Practical Activity 5.o. cells are organised into: Tissue organ system • give examples of some systems to explain the concept of the importance of cellular organisations.uk 5.3 and overlay OHT 1.bbc. shtml 5.3 Tissues. and systems • state the gross function of each of the body systems.2 Practical Activity 5. and vacuole. • state the functions of cell wall.bbc.0 Topic / Sub-topic Pressure • Objectives state that a barometer ( mercury and aneroid) is used to measure atmospheric pressure. • prepare fresh biological specimen (cheek cell and onion cell) • draw biological specimen through observation under a microscope of a prepared slide • identify and draw simple cell structures of a plant and animal cells by microscopic and photographic study. breathing and functions of body reproductive systems.skoool. nucleus.4 Gross structure and • identify the main organs of digestive. • list the differences between plant and animal cells • recognise the importance of division of labour and that in multicellular organisms.3 5.1 OHT 1. Time Frame (Weeks) Suggested Activities / Resources CELL STRUCTURE Students should be able to: AND ORGANISATION Basic microscopy and scientific drawing skills • identify the basic parts of a microscope (mirror.co.

light energy.co.1 • http://www. wind. • identify the various sources of energy (sun. fossil fuels.3 Conservation of energy 6.co. • state that 1 J of energy is required to lift 1 Newton of weight through a vertical distance of 1 m.3 http://www. • state that one form of energy can be converted to another e.bbc. shtml • • • • Practical Activity 6. chemical energy.4 Work • Practical Activity 6. the total amount of energy is conserved (conservation of energy in energy converters. • relate work to the product of the force and the distance moved in the direction of the force i.co.1 • Practical Activity 6. • perform calculations involving force and distance moved.4 OHT 3. WORK AND POWER Sources and forms of energy Objectives Students should be able to: • state that energy is the capacity to do work. • identify the unit for energy in SI unit as the joules (J).g. 6.5 7 .skoool. • state that in any energy conversion.e. Potential energy Kinetic energy • identify the energy conversions in everyday applications including energy converters. heat energy. simple systems e.3 Practical Activity 6.2 • OHT 3.0 6. • identify the different forms of energy (stored or potential energy. hydroelectric plant and a free-falling body).uk/schools /websites/11_16/site/science.g.No.uk • Practical Activity 6. nuclear energy and electrical energy). food and batteries). shtml 6. sound energy.2 Conversion of energy 6. electric lamp.uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science. • list some of the energy resources in Brunei Darussalam. Time Frame (Weeks) 3 • Suggested Activities / Resources http:lgfl. Work (J) = Force (N) x Distance (m) • identify the unit of work in SI unit as the joule (J).bbc. kinetic energy.1 Topic / Sub-topic ENERGY.

sugar. shtml 7. • identify and describe the dietary importance of the main classes of food (protein.1 OHT 9.3 OHT 9. • state the effects of unbalanced diet with reference to obesity and coronary related conditions. • infer that food is a source of energy for living things.1 • outline the process of photosynthesis by which plants manufacture food using raw materials (mention conversion of light energy to chemical energy) in the form of word equation.2 Food and its importance • state that plants are the primary food source.6 7. • compare the relative energy values of fats. carbohydrates and proteins.bbc.2 Practical Activity 7. force (N) and power (W). carbohydrates. 6.5 Topic / Sub-topic Power Objectives • relate power to the rate of work done and measured in watts i.e. • state the conditions (chlorophyll and light) and raw materials (carbon dioxide and water) which are necessary for photosynthesis.3 Classes of food 7.1 OHT 9. protein and fat.0 PLANT AND ANIMAL NUTRITION Photosynthesis 3 • http:lgfl. • • • • Practical Activity 7. Power (Watts) = Work (Energy) Time • calculate a student’s power when he runs up a flight of steps. and • differentiate between the units of energy (J).uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science. mineral salts including water and roughage).5 and overlay OHT 9.co. • explain the need for a balanced diet.2 7. fats. • • Practical Activity 7.uk 7. Students should be able to: Time Frame (Weeks) • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 6.4 Balanced diet 8 . • investigate and describe one test for starch.skoool.No. vitamins.co.5 • http://www.

bbc.3 7.5 Topic / Sub-topic Food additives and food processing Objectives • show awareness of the harmful effects of processed food: i) children become too active. gall bladder. • state that there are two different sets of teeth in human beings (milk teeth and permanent teeth). stomach. rectum and anus.uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science. Time Frame (Weeks) Suggested Activities / Resources • Practical Activity 7. ii) obesity. • state the main function (s) of the structures of the alimentary canal (mouth. • state reasons why food must be digested.bbc. large intestine. shtml 9 . small intestine.co. stomach. • describe the role of teeth in mastication. pancreas. • state the different types of teeth in human beings. oesophagus.uk/schools/ websites/11_16/site/science.4 • http://www. liver.5 OHT 9.6 • OHT 9.4 and overlay OHT 9. 7. proteases and lipases). • state the function of each of the different types of teeth in human beings. and • investigate how insoluble starch can be converted by saliva into a soluble form before diffusion can take place. • identify the main structures of the alimentary canal (mouth. shtml • • Practical Activity 7.4 • http://www. salivary glands.6 Structure and function of teeth 7. small intestine and large intestine).co.No. • describe how the digestive system helps in the digestion and assimilation of food and the part played by teeth and enzymes in digestion (limit to the three classes of enzymes: carbohydrases. and iii) cancer-causing.7 Digestion in animals • Practical Activity 7.3 and overlay OHT 9.

describe the mechanism and importance of seed dispersal with reference to a named local seed or fruit. 10 . show awareness that plants have different methods of dispersal. and investigate conditions necessary for germination.1 Practical Activity 8. soil. sepal. 4 • Practical Activity 8. air.4 Germination • • • • Practical Activity 8. state that pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from an anther to a stigma.0 8. rocks. stamen. list the agents of pollination. filament. style.2 • • 8.1 MATTER Matter around us Students should be able to: • • • state some basic resources on the earth (water. show awareness of the abundance of the earth’s resources.5 Practical Activity 8.1 REPRODUCTION IN PLANTS Floral parts Students should be able to: • identify the main floral parts of a named insect pollinated flower (petal. draw the main floral parts of a named insect pollinated flower using scientific drawing skills.4 • Practical Activity 8. anther.0 9. state the functions of the main floral parts. briefly describe the floral parts associated with pollination and the role of insects in pollination.Lower Secondary Science Scheme of Work for Secondary Two 8. ovule and carpel). show awareness of the everyday use of the earth’s resources and their exhaustibility.2 Pollination • • • 8.3 Seed dispersal • • 8.6 9.3 3 • • Practical Activity 8. stigma. living things). ovary. observe different stages of seed germination.

identify a magnetic material experimentally. • 11 .4 10.1 Practical Activity 10. state diffusion as the movement of particles.10 http://lgfl.6 Practical Activity 9. 9.9 Practical Activity 9. ii) between two like poles arranged end to end.8 Practical Activity 9.No. volume and mass.co. define the terms element. classify some of earth’s resources into respective states of matter. list the properties of matter in terms of shape. identify examples of elements. state that a magnet has two poles. observe and draw magnetic field patterns using iron filings: i) around a magnet. and iii) between two unlike poles arranged end to end.3 Practical Activity 10. compound and mixture.5 Practical Activity 9.2 Practical Activity 9. and state the properties of compounds and mixtures.1 MAGNETISM Magnets and magnetic field Students should be able to: • • • • • • • observe that a freely-suspended magnet comes to rest in North-South direction. steel.1 Practical Activity 9.7 Practical Activity 9. state that elements combine to form compounds.uk Practical Activity 10. liquid and gas.2 Topic / Sub-topic States of matter • • • • Objectives state that matter exists as solids. Time Frame (Weeks) • • • • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 9. explain the properties of the three states of matter with reference to the Kinetic Theory of matter.3 Movement of particles Elements. liquids and gases. observe and explain the movement of particles in solid.4 9. compounds and mixtures • • • • • • • • • • • • 2 • • • • • Practical Activity 9. nickel and cobalt are magnetic materials.4 9.2 Practical Activity 10. infer that like poles repel. state that iron.3 Practical Activity 9. infer that there is a magnetic field around a magnet .0 10.skoool. unlike poles attract. compounds and mixtures. list some of the uses of magnets in everyday applications.

crime and transmission of AIDS. state the harmful effects of excessive consumption of alcohol by an alcoholic.3 12.2 Alcohol • • . list the uses of the gases (oxygen. noble gases and water vapour). carbon dioxide. carbon dioxide.No. state the consequences of drug abuse in relation to addiction.2 11. Time Frame (Weeks) 3 • • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 11. describe some uses of drugs.0 11. nitrogen and water vapour through simple laboratory tests. 11. nitrogen.1 11. 12 3 • Practical Activity 12. state the properties of hydrogen. describe the preparation and collection of hydrogen by the reaction of reactive metals on dilute acids. state the consequences of harmful effects of alcoholics on their families and the community. differentiate oxygen. show an awareness of the existing laws concerning abused drugs and the role of the Anti Narcotics Bureau in Brunei Darussalam. state the word equation for the preparation of hydrogen gas. carbon dioxide.1 ABUSES TO LIFE PROCESSES Drugs Students should be able to: • • • • • • state the definition of drugs.1 12.2 Topic / Sub-topic GASES Gases in the air Properties of gases Objectives Students should be able to: • • • • list the constituents of gases in the air in percentages (%). list some signs and symptoms shown by a person addicted to drugs.1 Practical Activity 11. briefly describe the physical and chemical properties of the gases in the air (oxygen. nitrogen and noble gases).3 Hydrogen • • • • • Practical Activity 11.0 12. and state the uses of hydrogen. list some commonly abused drugs.

12.3 Practical Activity 13. 8 13.14 • 13 .12 Practical Activity 13. infer that resistance is the opposition to the flow of current. draw simple electric circuit diagrams for series and parallel circuits.10 Practical Activity 13. identify symbols of simple electric components (dry cell.9 Practical Activity 13.11 Practical Activity 13.4 Practical Activity 13. state the unit of resistance as ohm.0 13.1 CURRENT ELECTRICITY Electric current Students should be able to: • • • • • • • • state that electricity is the flow of electrons. carry out investigations to set up simple electric circuits in series and parallel. infer that a resistor will reduce the current in an electric circuit. calculate the effective resistance when resistors are connected: i) in series.No. and state ways to encourage public to refrain from smoking. describe the effects of increasing number of: i) cells in series and parallel. Time Frame (Weeks) Suggested Activities / Resources 13.13 Practical Activity 13. state the harmful effects of active and passive smoking.6 Practical Activity 13. carry out investigations to connect ammeters and voltmeters correctly to an electric circuit and take readings correctly. state that the dry cell drives the electrons around a complete circuit in one direction. lamp.8 Practical Activity 13. and ii) lamps in series and parallel by measuring the voltage and current flow. ammeter and voltmeter). switch.5 Practical Activity 13.7 Practical Activity 13.2 Simple electric circuits • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Practical Activity 13.2 Practical Activity 13. resistor.1 Practical Activity 13.3 Topic / Sub-topic Tobacco • • • Objectives list the harmful chemicals present in tobacco smoke (tar. and ii) in parallel. nicotine and carbon monoxide).

16 14. define neutralisation. list some chemicals which dissolve in water to produce acids or alkalis. and describe safety rules in the use of electricity. 3 • • • • • Practical Activity 14. state the importance of neutralisation in daily life. explain the function of a fuse.0 14.1 Practical Activity 14.4 Practical Activity 14.2 Neutralisation 14 . and compare the degree of acidity / alkalinity of the solution given by using pH paper / Universal Indicator / pH meter.3 Practical Activity 14. carry out wiring a three pin fused plug correctly. observe and describe the effects of various solutions on litmus paper and classify them as acids. 13.2 Practical Activity 14.3 Topic / Sub-topic Household wiring and safety devices • • • • • Objectives construct a circuit with two or more lamps and switches to operate them independently. alkalis or neutral solutions.1 ACIDS.15 Practical Activity 13. state the word equation for neutralisation. Time Frame (Weeks) • • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 13.5 14. ALKALIS & SALTS Acids and alkalis Students should be able to: • • • • • • • state the properties of acids and alkalis.No. explain the function of earthing the metal casing of an electrical appliance.

1 Practical Activity 15. state the functions of the blood. pulse and blood pressure. briefly describe the transport (circulatory) system in human beings with reference to the heart and blood vessels. nutrients and waste products). pulmonary artery. 15.3 15. carbon dioxide.2 Practical Activity 15.No.2 Blood • • • • 15 .0 Topic / Sub-topic Objectives Time Frame (Weeks) 2 Suggested Activities / Resources TRANSPORT Students should be able to: SYSTEM IN HUMAN BEINGS Structure of the heart • • • state the function of the heart. 15. vena cava and valve). identify the main parts of the heart and the main blood vessels ( the four chambers. aorta. veins and capillaries) and state the function of each blood vessel. and show an awareness of the heartbeat. and list the substances that are transported by the blood (oxygen. identify the three main types of blood vessels (arteries.1 • • • Practical Activity 15.

1 16. and state ways how to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.3 Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) • • 16 .3 Practical Activity 16.4 16. gonorrhoea.2 Practical Activity 16. state the functions of the male and female reproductive organs. AIDS).1 Topic / Sub-topic REPRODUCTION IN HUMAN BEINGS Male and female reproductive organs Sexual characteristics Objectives Students should be able to: • • • • • • • draw and identify the male and female reproductive organs. state that ovulation is the ejection of an egg from the ovary.0 16. state that fertilisation is the fusion of a sperm and an egg and which occurs in the oviduct. state that menstruation is the erosion of the uterine lining in the absence of fertilisation. fertilisation and menstruation.No. Time Frame (Weeks) 3 • Suggested Activities / Resources Practical Activity 16. show awareness of causes and harmful effects of sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis. show an awareness of the physical changes during puberty. briefly describe the menstrual cycle with reference to ovulation. 16.2 • • • Practical Activity 16.

burn from not water or apparatus) Yr.Summary of Topics Selected in Lower Secondary Science Syllabus (Interim Stage) Bil. Identify common laboratory apparatus and state their functions (test tube. mass and temperature. test tube holder. measuring cylinder. 17 . evaporating dish.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks • 1. • 1.0 1. filter funnel. tripod stand) draw sectional diagrams of common laboratory apparatus. time.2 Handling common laboratory apparatus • • • • identify the different parts of a bunsen burner and Labo gas burner. state the SI units for length. carry out the proper technique of lighting a Labo gas burner. volume.3 & Yr.3 Measurements • • show an awareness of the limitations of human sense organs and thus the need for measuring instruments. conical flask. 1. dropper. boiling tube. wire gauze.2 Yr. explain first aid treatment in common laboratory mishaps (chemical spills on body and eye.1 Yr. glass rod. state the function of the different parts of a Bunsen burner and Labo gas burner.1 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Introducing Science Laboratory safety • state the basic laboratory safety rules including the standard evacuation procedure in case of fire in the laboratories.4 / Yr. area. beaker.

1 Yr. • 18 . stopclock. the palm of the hand. carry out an activity to find the volume of an irregularshaped object using the displacement of liquid method. beam balance and electronic balance. • Transfer from Yr. estimate the approximate area of an irregular-shaped object e. recognise how to read metre rule correctly (parallax error) calculate the area of a regular-shaped object. show an awareness of the accuracy of an electronic balance.2 Yr.Bil. the foot or the leaf.g. use the formula of density in calculations show an awareness that solids of the same substance have the same density irrespective of shape and size and that two different substances will have different densities.31 Length.3 & Yr. • Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic carry out inter-conversion of units e.33 Density • • • define density as mass of a substance in one cubic centimetre.g.32 Mass and time • • show proficiency in the proper use of stopwatch.4 / Yr. 2 of “Water”. area and volume • • • • • recognise how to read the volume using the meniscus level of the measuring cylinder.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks 1. Yr. 1. centimeters to metres and kilograms to grams. 1. to keep topics on “Density” together. kilometers to metres. recognise that floating depends on the density of matter with reference to floating of a liquid on another liquid and floating of a solid on a liquid (limit to two liquids only).

4 • • Clinical thermometer Process skills in scientific investigations show an understanding that in carrying out scientific experiments. • • 2.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks state the fixed points (ice point and steam point). Calibration of thermometer • Transfer to Yr. read the mercury and alcohol thermometers. liquid and steam Water cycle in nature: evaporation. planning.1 Done in Comb. condensation • Not done in Comb. state the limitations thermometers. three basic steps are practised e. observation and conclusion. of mercury and alcohol Yr.1 Water States of water • • Existence of water in the form of ice.2 Yr.Sci or Pure Sciences 19 . communicating).Sci & Pure Phys. basic science process skills are required (observing. 1.g.4 / Yr.34 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Temperature • • • • • • state that temperature is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness. recognise that in carrying out scientific experiments.0 2. measuring.Bil. recording.3 because students find it difficult to understand at Yr. • 1. show an understand of the safety precautions when handling the mercury thermometer.3 & Yr.1 Yr.

distillation) Describe and use paper chromatography Interpret chromatograms in terms of the number of different dyes present.Sci & Pure Chem Not done in Comb.Sci & Pure Chem Done in Comb. O2 and NH3 The importance of dissolved gases in water with CO2 and O2 e. maintaining aquatic life in water.2 Solubility of water • • • Effects of temperatures on solubility (simple experiments to illustrate these) Solubility of gases in water with reference to SO2. evaporation.Sci & Pure Chem Done in Comb. CO2.Sci & Pure Chem Done in Comb. • Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Boiling and freezing of water. Yr.3 & 4.3 • • • • • • Separation technique • Separation techniques of mixture by physical means (e.1 Yr.4 / Yr. Mention sea water has dissolved gases. Introduction to the idea of solute. solvent and solution. chromatography.3 & Yr.g.2 Yr. Use only food colourings and ink. filtration. • • 20 .g. Simple idea in terms of temperature to show differences between boiling and evaporation of water Substances that are soluble in water. Sci & Pure Chem Transfer from “Matter” Delete “crystallisation” because explanation of saturated solution is transferred to Yrs.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks • 2.Sci & Pure Chem Done in Comb. • • • • 2. Purification of water for drinking purposes Different stages in the purification of water supply Conservation of water Construction of a simple water filter in the laboratory • • • Done in Comb.Bil.Sci & Pure Chem Done in Comb.

0 4.0 3.3 because done in Pure Physics “Lever” is not done Comb. • “Line graph” is a new subtopic.3 & Yr.Bil.2 Yr.3 Measurement of force • • • Unit of force as Newton (N) show an understanding what is a line graph. show an understanding how to plot a line graph including how to divide the scale on the horizontal and vertical axes. • • 21 . shape and size 4. 3. This is added in order to reinforce on practical skills at an early stage.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks 4. friction and turning as example of forces.1 Yr. pull. read and interpret line graphs. Compression and tension transferred to Yr.2 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Classification Characteristics of living things Diversity and classification of plants and animals • • • Variety of plants and animals in Negara Brunei Darussalam Introduction to classification Use of classification key Yr.Sci & Pure Physics in • • 4.4 / Yr. It is done in context with the activity of measuring the weight of objects and other concrete examples are used. direction.2 Lever • Effects of forces • Change in speed.1 3.1 Forces Types of forces • Teach only push.

3 & Yr. Cell Structure and organisation 5.Bil.2 5. • • • 5.3 because done in Pure Physics • • 5.1 Basic microscopy and scientific drawing skills • • identify the basic parts of a microscope(mirror. liquid and gas including atmospheric pressure • “Recognise the relationship between structure and function of specialised cells: root hair.4 / Yr. clips) and state the function of each part. To reinforce on practical skills at an early stage. tube. New sub-topic introduced in context.5 Omit Tching Weeks • Reason / Remarks “Effect and application of atmospheric pressure” transferred to Yr. large knob. area and pressure (N / m2) Pressure exerted by solid. phloem. show proficiency in mounting a specimen on a microscope slide.3 Main structure of plant and animal cells Tissues. prepare fresh biological specimen (cheek cell and onion cell) draw biological specimen through observation under a microscope of a prepared slide. red blood cells and white blood cells” transferred to Yr. organs and systems 22 .2 Yr.Sci & Pure Bio. eyepiece.0 Relationship of a force. xylem vessel.3 since it is done in Comb.1 Yr. stage. small knob.4 Pressure Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Yr. objective lens. 4.

pendulums and masses at a height above the ground. sound and electrical energy Illustrate potential energy in springs. kinetic. heat.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks Bil.Bil. 6.g.3 to Yr. 5. potential energy to kinetic energy 23 . fossil fuels.5 Omit Tching Weeks • Reason / Remarks The topic on “Energy” is completely transferred to Yr.4 / Yr. This topic is also combined with “Energy Around Us” which is Yr. food and batteries Forms of energy to include stored or potential energy.3 & 4 since it is done in Comb.1 Yr.Sci & Pure Sciences.3 & Yr.1 Sources and forms of energy • • • Sources to include the sun.4 5.4 / Yr. light.2 Conversion of energy • One form of energy can be converted to another e.2 Yr. 6. Mention nuclear energy.2 Yr.0 Energy.3 & Yr.5 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Different major tissues and organs Gross structure of some body systems and their importance Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Energy • • • Heat and our sense of touch Light energy and our sight Sound energy and our hearing Yr.1 because it provides good basic knowledge for pupils .1 • 6.1 Yr. wind. Yr. Work and Power • This topic is transferred from Yr.

3 Conservation of energy • Discuss the conservation of energy in energy converters.4 6.4 / Yr.5 Power • • Unit of power is watt Rate of work (energy) is power.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks • Bil. • 7.2 Yr. P =W / t (Students should perform experiments to estimate power when they run up a flight of steps.6.2 to Yr.0 Plant nutrition 7.1 Yr. 6. work (J). W = F x d (Calculations using the work equation may be set) Yr. force (N) and power (W) • This topic is transferred from Yr. simple systems like an electric lamp. a hydro-electric plant and a free-falling body.1 Photosynthesis • • Mention conversion of light energy to chemical energy Encourage pupils to plan / manage their investigations where applicable • • • • Done in Pure Biology Two new objectives added: state the equation for photosynthesis in words state and explain how a leaf is modified for photosynthesis 24 . Emphasis on concept attainment of energy (J).1 since it is only a small topic.3 & Yr. Unit of energy is Joule (J) Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Work • Unit of work (energy) is Joule.

2 Yr.Sci & Pure Bio.7.2 7.6 Digestion in animals • Plant nutrition • Transferred to Yr. • • Done in Comb.Sci & Pure Bio.7 Respiration • Aerobic cellular respiration • Done in Comb.Sci & Pure Bio. • 7.3 7. Done in Comb. 7. 7.4 7. Done in Comb.Sci & Pure Bio.4 / Yr.Sci & Pure Bio.8 Transport • • Importance of water Transport in plants • • Done in Comb. 7.3 & Yr.Sci & Pure Bio.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks Dentition and dental care Structure and function of teeth Action of bacteria on teeth • Dental health • Done in Comb. 25 .5 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Food additives and food processing Yr.21 Animal Nutrition Nutrition • • • • Food and its importance Classes of food Foods tests Balanced diet Bil.1 Yr.1 since the content is simple enough to be understood by students.

4 / Yr. 8.3 & Yr.0 8.Sci & Pure Bio.2 Pollination • • Agents of pollination Self and cross pollination. Students can practise their scientific drawing skills with the flowers.1 Yr. 8.4 Germination • Germination of a bean seed • This topic is transferred from Yr. water.5 Omit Tching Weeks • This new sub-topic is introduced in context.0 Matter 9.g.1 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Reproduction in plants Floral parts • • Floral parts and functions of a named insect pollinated flower Drawing of biological specimen Yr. 26 .1 9. rocks. 8.2 as a separate topic entitled “Blood Circulatory System” Reason / Remarks Bil.2 because it is difficult for students to understand in Yr. 8.• Transport of animals • Done in Yr.2 Yr. • Done in Comb.Sci & Pure Bio.3 Seed dispersal • • • Methods of seed dispersal Importance of seed dispersal Fertilisation and seed formation • Done in Comb. air.1 Matter around us • Some basic resources on earth e.1 toYr.

9.5 Elements.3 Kinetic Theory of matter.Sci & Pure Sciences. Diffusion of gases and liquids. soil and other basic earth’s resources Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Movement of particles • • 9.2 Yr.Sci & Pure Phys. liquid and semi-solid.3 & Yr.4 Gas. 9.2 Electromagnetism 27 . Delete “observe and draw magnetic field patterns using iron filings around current-carrying wire. air. • Simple treatment in terms of movement of atoms and molecules. Changes of matter. Elements as building blocks of matter Elements from the Periodic Table Properties of mixtures and compounds 10.1 Magnetism Magnets and magnetic field • • • Properties of a magnet Methods of making magnets Magnetic fields around magnet • • Done in Comb. 10. Yr. • • • • Elements as building blocks of mixtures and compounds.1 Yr. Temporary and permanent change of matter and their examples • Not needed in Comb.2 States of matter.4 / Yr. • Introduce physical properties of matter with reference to water.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks Bil.soil. 10. living things 9. compounds and mixtures.

10.Sci & Pure Phys. carbon dioxide.• • Magnetic effect of electromagnet Factors affecting strength of electromagnet • • Done in Comb.0 11.3 Hydrogen • • • Preparation of hydrogen gas. 11. Done in Pure Phys. Done in Comb.3 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Application of magnetism • • List should include electric motors. microphones. water vapour and noble gases Carry out simple gas test of carbon dioxide. 28 . & Pure Bio.1 Gases Gases in the air • Composition of air in the atmosphere 11. Done in Comb.5 Omit Tching Weeks • • Done in Pure Phys. & Pure Bio.Sci. Simple gas test of hydrogen gas 11.Sci.4 / Yr. Reason / Remarks Bil. door stoppers and notice board buttons Fundamental ideas of the relationship between electricity and magnetism Yr. nitrogen. Properties and uses of hydrogen gas.3 & Yr.2 Yr.2 Properties of air • Physical and chemical properties of gases in the air : oxygen.1 Yr. loud-speakers.Sci & Pure Phys.4 Air pollution • • Air pollution and disruption of air composition Green house effect • • Done in Comb. oxygen and water vapour • 11.

5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks 12.3 & Yr.2 12. 12.4 / Yr.1 Alcohol Tobacco AIDS Current electricity Electric current • • • Atomic structure Electricity as the flow of electrons A cell makes the electrons to flow in one direction (conventional direction) • Done in Pure Phys.2 Yr. Resistors in series and parallel 29 . 13.0 12.1 Yr.3 12.2 Simple electric circuits • • • • • • • Simple circuit diagrams Series and parallel circuits Circuit symbols Resistors in electrical circuits Use of ammeters and voltmeters Effects of increasing the number of cells in series and parallel.Bil.0 13.4 13.1 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Abuses to life processes Drugs • Abuse of drugs Yr.

3 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Household wiring and safety devices • • • • Functions of a switch Wiring a three pin fused plug The International colour code (old and new) Electricity bill Yr.3 & Yr.5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks • Not required to know since some meters are prepaid already.0 14.3 15.2 Yr.1 Action of metals on acids and water Transport system in human beings Structure of the heart • Heart and the main blood vessels in the transport system in human beings 15.4 / Yr.1 Yr. universal indicator.2 Neutralisation • Uses of pH paper. • 14.2 Functions of the blood • Substances transported by the blood 30 .1 Rules and precautions to be taken with respect to electricity Acids. 14. alkalis and salts Acids and alkalis • • Properties of acids and alkalis Substances which dissolve in water to produce acids or alkali 14.Sci & Pure Chem.Bil. pH meter • Done in Comb. 13.0 15. litmus paper.

5 17.Bil.3 & Yr. Not needed in “O” Level.0 16. giving birth and parental care Health care and health services Living things and their ecosystems 31 .5 Omit Tching Weeks Reason / Remarks 16. 16.2 Yr.3 Sexually transmitted diseases • Causes and harmful effecrs of sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS. 16. syphilis and gonorrhoea.4 / Yr.2 Sexual characteristics • • Secondary sexual characteristics Menstrual cycle 16. Done in Combined Sci & Pure Biology. • • • Not needed in Combined Sci & Pure Biology.4 16.0 Gestation.1 Topic / Subtopic /Additional Topic Reproduction in human beings Male and female reproductive organs • Gross structure and functions of the male and female reproductive organs Yr.1 Yr.

3 Introducing science Laboratory safety Handling common laboratory apparatus Measurements Skills in the scientific approach Matter Matter around us Gases in the air Energy around Us Sources and forms of energy Transformation of energy Conservation of energy Grouping of living things Characteristics of living things Diversity and classification of plants and animals Cell structure.2 12.0 10.0 4. 13.0 3.0 12.2 3. 14. 11.1 14.0 13.2 14. 8.0 5.4 10.1 2.0 16.1 12.2 9. 2. 9.2 1.1 10.0 10.0 2.1 1.0 14.2 4.1 3.1 4. acids. work and power (3) Plant and animal nutrition (3) Total = 31 weeks 8.1 13.4 2. 12. 1.2 7.3 32 .2 3.3 9.0 9.2 14.2 11.1 11. alkalis and salts (3) Transport system in human beings (2) Reproduction in human beings (3) Total = 31 weeks 4.3 13. organisation and systems 7.Comparison of Current and Interim Stage Lower Secondary Science Syllabus Current Topics in Lower Secondary Science Syllabus Menengah 1 Menengah 2 Menengah 3 1.1 9. 7.0 15.0 7.2 Water and solutions Water Hydrogen.3 12.2 8.0 11.0 6. 3.0 Introducing science (11) Water (3) Classification (3) Forces (3) Cell structure and organisation (4) Energy. 4. work and power Living things and their ecosystems Energy flow and nutrient cycles Interdependence Magnetism Magnets and magnetic fields Electromagnetism Application of magnetism Topics in Lower Secondary Science (Interim Stage) Year 1 Year 2 1.3 Reproduction in plants and animals Sexual reproduction in a named flowering plant Sexual reproduction in human beings Health care and health services Forces at work Lever and turning forces Pressure Energy.3 9.1 7.3 8.0 Reproduction in plants (3) Matter (4) Magnetism (2) Gases (3) Abuses to life processes (3) Current electricity (8) Acids.3 1.1 8. alkalis and salts Action of metals on acids and water Energy Heat and our sense of touch Light energy and our sight Sound energy and our hearing Life processes and abuses Nutrition Respiration Transport Abuses to life processes Electricity and its applications at home More on electrical circuits Resistors in series and parallel 11.

6.3 Household wiring and safety devices Forces in our everyday life Types of forces Effects of force Measurement of force 33 .2 6.3 6.5.3 Basic ideas of electricity Electric current Simple electrical circuits Use of ammeters and voltmeters 10.2 5. 5.1 5.1 6.

LIST OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS Chairman : Awang Hj Zulkifli bin Hj Md Yusuf Curriculum Development Department Dayang Hjh Siti Hamizah binti Abdullah Curriculum Development Department Awang Ng Thye Wan Curriculum Development Department Dayang Hasliza binti Hj Sapar Sekolah Menengah Sultan Sharif Ali Dayang Hjh Rosinah binti Hj Sabli Maktab Sains Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan Dayang Susan Philipose Sekolah Menengah Sayyidina Husain Dayang Hjh Junaidah binti Hj Tahir Sekolah Menengah Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam Dayang Yong Sui Yan Sekolah Menengah Menglait Awang Hj Md Izul Akmal bin Hj Salleh Sekolah Menengah Rimba Awang Md Sabri bin Judin Sekolah Menengah Rimba Deputy Chairman : Secretary Members : : 34 .