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# ST 314

4.1 σ = .7 n = 3 a

HW #4

Solutions

= 5.8 [ ± zα/2 σ / ] where α = .05 α/2 = .025 z.025 = 1.96 [5.8 ± 1.96 (.7) / ] = [5.8 ± .79] = [5.01, 6.59] is a 95% C.I. for the true mean concentricity.

b zα/2 σ / ≤ B 1.96 (.7) / ≤ .2 ≥ 1.96 × .7 / .2 n ≥ (1.96 × .7 / .2)2 = 47.06 we must use n = 48 c We assume a sample of 3 measurements is large enough to use the Central Limit Theorem. The baseline data can provide a basis for generating either a stem-and-leaf display or a normal probability plot. These plots can provide insight as to an appropriate minimum sample size in order to assume the Central Limit Theorem. 4.2 σ=8 n=4 a = 101.4 [ ± zα/2 σ / ] where α = .01 α/2 = .005 z.005 = 2.58 [101.4 ± 2.58 (8) / ] = [101.4 ± 10.32] = [91.08, 111.72] is a 99% C.I. for the true mean width.

b B ≥ zα/2 σ / 2 ≥ 2.58 (8) / ≥ 2.58 (8) / 2 n ≥ (2.58 (8) / 2)2 = 106.5 we must use n = 107 c We assume a sample of size 4 parts is large enough to use the Central Limit Theorem. The baseline data can provide a basis for generating either a stem-and-leaf display or a normal probability plot. These plots can provide insight as to an appropriate minimum sample size in order to assume the Central Limit Theorem.

4.4

σ = 250 a n = 16 = 6490 α = .10 α/2 = .05 Zα/2 = Z.05 = 1.645 [ ± Zα/2 σ / ] = [6490 ± 1.645 (250 / )] = [6490 ± 102.8125] So [6387.1875, 6592.8125] is a 90% C.I. for the true mean MOR.

b B ≥ zα/2 σ / 100 ≥ 1.645 (250 / ) ≥ (1.645) 250 / 100 n ≥ (1.645 × 2.5)2 = 16.9 we must use n = 17

The baseline data can provide a basis for generating either a stem-and-leaf diagram or a normal probability plot.05. We reach the same conclusion conducting the hypothesis test in part a.025 (4) Σy = 398. We are 90% confidence that the true mean MOR is between 6387. c [ ± tα/2.645 (4) -. there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the mean thickness of metal wires differs from 8 microns.10.2006 )] = [7.04023 s = .01.85 (5) |-.919.8)2 / 50) / 49 = .16 > -1.38] is a 95% prediction interval for the thicknesses.01 = t49.976 ± . 6592. hence H0 is not rejected.4364) = . we cannot reject the hypothesis that the true mean MOR is 6500.8.645. 8.2 and 6592.976 ± .05 z. (5) At α = . 4. so we cannot reject H0.01 (. These plots can provide insight as to whether a sample of 16 pencil leads is large enough to assume the Central Limit Theorem. there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the true mean MOR has changed from 6500. At α = . .(Σy)2 / n) / n-1 = (3182.2006 t = = -.8 .407] So [7. n-1 s ] = [7.057] So [7. 8.05 α/2 = ..976 s2 = (Σy2 .85| < 2.(398.8 Σy2 = 3182.57.01(.033] is a 95% confidence interval for the one mean thickness of metal wires.025 49 degrees of freedom Reject if |t| > 2.976 ± 2.16 < 1.8 n = 50 = Σy / n = 7.16 (3) α = .2.13 σ = 250 µ0 = 6500 n = 16 a = 6490 (1) H0: µ = 6500 Ha: µ ≠ 6500 µ = true mean MOR (2) Z = = = -. b [ ± tα/2.c We assume a sample of size 16 pencil leads is large enough to use the Central Limit Theorem.10 α/2 = .976 ± 2.21 a (1) H0: µ = 8 H a: µ ≠ 8 µ = true mean thickness of metal wires (2) test-statistic: t = (3) α = .2006 / )] = [7.8] is a 90% confidence interval for µ Since 6500 is in the interval.645 and -. b p-value = 2Pr(Z < -.645 or z < -1.8728 c [6387. 4.645 reject H0 if Z > 1.05 = 1.n-1 s / ] = [7.16) = 2(.

e. n-1 s ] = [2.779 n .33/27 = 2. 4.68.005 = 2. approximately mound-shaped. Depth 1 1 5 6 9 15 9 24 12 2 14 6 12 4 6 2 2 To do the analysis.05 ± 2. . d A stem-and-leaf diagram and/or normal probability plot of the 27 observations can be constructed.7 7. 2. 2. e The chip-manufacturing process appears to be producing metal wires with a target thickness of 8 microns at the 95% confidence level..6 7..05 ± .779 (.125% (2) test-statistic: t = µ = average moisture content (3) α = . Normal probability plot is roughly a straight line. Stem 7. which looks good.132 )] = [2. c [ ± tα/2.95| > 2.4 Leaves 0 00000 000000000 000000000 000000000000 00 000000 0000 00 No.12] is a 99% confidence interval for the true mean moisture content. while suspicious.95 (5) Since |-2.98.9 8.24 a (1) H0: µ = 2.(55.07] So [1.33 Σy2 = 113. single peaked.779 (.8 7.125% Ha: µ ≠ 2.n-1 s / ] = [2.42] is a 99% prediction interval for the moisture content.3 8.05 s2 = (114.01 α/2 = .132 t = = -2. At α = .8385 = 55.d A stem-and-leaf diagram and/or normal probability plot can be constructed.125% b [ ± tα/2.37] So [1.8385 .779 we reject H0.132 / )] = [2.01. are not grossly violated.33)2 / 27) / 26 = .05 ± 2.05 ± . The stem-and-leaf diagram demonstrates that these assumptions.2 8.1 = 26 df t26.005 reject H0 if |t| > 2. we assume that the distribution of metal wire thicknesses is roughly normal (i.0174 s = .0 8.1 8. tails die rapidly). there is sufficient evidence to conclude the true average moisture content differs from the target of 2.779 (4) Σy = 55.

9 2.125%.98 and 2.Stem 1..8 1.e.2 Leaves 25 00488 002225669 024555778 29 No. e At the 99% confidence level evidence exists that the true moisture content has decreased from 2. This does indicate.7 1. Normal probability plot follows a straightline.0 2. however. that the shift has not been a large one. .1 2. The confidence interval gives possible values between 1. single peaked. Depth 2 2 0 2 5 7 9 9 11 2 2 We assume that the distribution of moisture contents of polyol is approximately normal (i.12. tails die rapidly). roughly mound-shaped.