Interest

Simple Interest: principal, r is rate, and t is time

, where P is

Squares
, where s = side

Compound Interest: , where n is the number of times compounded per year

Work Rates

Rectangle
, where l = length and w = width

Sets Trapezoids

Distance, Rate, and Time
,

Polygons

Circles

, where n = # of sides

The Distance Formula

An integer is any counting number including negative numbers (e.5) 9: sum of digits is divisible by 9 Combinations and Permutations n is the total number. 2 is the smallest prime and the only even prime.5 : the last digit is either a 5 or zero 6 : even number and sum of digits is divisible by 3 8 : if the last three digits are divisible by 8 Prime numbers and Integers 1 is not a prime. -1. 7…but not 2. 2. -3. Probability Divisibility 3 : sum of digits divisible by 3 4 : the last two digits of number are divisible by 4 .e. r is the number you are choosing Fast Fractions i.g.

there can be multiple sentences in a text completion. at least compared to the old GRE’s one in five answer choices. do not just pick two words because they create synonymous sentences. But the Plugger keeps trying to plug the answers in the blanks seeing which one(s) sound right. break down the sentence in your own words. If the above sounds like a gamble. in terms of guessing. The sentence goes on to say that the news is only as —. the plugger can convince himself that almost any of the answers work. given you know the definition of every word. Text completion Text completion is one of the new question types on the GRE. If you can’t find any synonyms amongst the answer choices. and match it with one of the answer choices that work. Basically. to do so. If you do not know a few of the words. What word would fit in the blank? Long-lasting. the media have no memory… (the Clue). In fact. The Plugger One of the answers has to be right. 2. And. you will want to do anything to increase the odds of guessing correctly. . is so complex. Match Words with Answers Which answer choices mean long lasting? Answer choice (B) enduring and (F) long-lived. Essentially. that’s because approaching Sentence Equivalence. Choose a word you do not know. it’s sort of like spinning around in circles. Break Down the Sentence and Look For Clue First. the question may sometimes run on for an entire paragraph. but has a few important differences. you will be able to successfully handle those Sentence Equivalence and Text Completions in which you know most of the vocabulary. Here are some good strategies for dealing with Sentence Equivalence questions: • • • • • Always look for synonyms. After one minute you haven’t gotten anywhere. Using this method. Right? Well.Sentence equivalence 1.as the front page. The result? Well. the steps above will be your most helpful strategy. then the correct answers will be non-synonyms. By following the steps above. The Manic Reader The Manic Reader encounters a difficult Sentence Completion and begins reading it over and over and over again. It is similar to a sentence completion. nothing lasts long in the media. yes. For one. That’s because some have as many as three blanks.

below are five important strategies you should follow if you want to do well on text completions: 1. but some of the specific words or phrases in the sentence itself. This is what the smart guesser does before moving on. 5. first try finding a word for the second or third blank. Breaking Down the Text Completion Text Completions are sometimes a paragraph long. Even though the word he knows doesn’t quite work. Use Your Own Words Here. 3. Breaking down the paragraph in your own words (paraphrasing the paragraph) will help you get a grasp on what the sentences are talking about. The caveat—this technique only applies if you can come up with a word for the second or third blank. If you can’t. unless you have read the entire paragraph. Don’t avoid the difficult words. then work with the first blank. the Avoider will convince himself that it kind of works rather take the plunge into the unknown word. Does the completed sentence make sense with how you earlier paraphrased it? . The Second (or Third) Blank First Because the first blank is difficult to deal with. Now that we know our enemy. Then work your way backwards to the first blank. so it is easy to get lost in them. they are often the correct choice. you must always justify your answers not just on the context. The reason for this strategy is that the first blank is often ambiguous. The Smart Guesser GRE likes big words right? Well. Much like the sentence completions and the sentence equivalence questions. plug them back into the blanks. 2. one a word he knows and the other a word he—and most people—doesn’t know. we’re on familiar footing. Of course the smart guesser isn’t always right (and the answer isn’t always the most esoteric word(s)—but if you are almost out of time then this may be the only strategy. To do so. Don’t Dive In Read the entire stem first. Then you’re ready for step #3.The Avoider Sometimes the sentence isn’t too bad—it’s the answer choices. The Avoider usually narrows it down to two possible answer choices. if you read a sentence and you have no idea what it is asking just pick the answer choice that has the most difficult word(s). 4. I’ve commonly referred to these word(s) as the clue. Use the Entire Text Completion as Context When you’ve finally chosen your two/three answers. A great strategy is trying to understand the big picture. we want to use the strategy of putting in our own word(s) in the blank or blanks.

upon finishing the passage. Don’t Sink into the Swamp Just as there are tough terms.Reading Comprehension 1. Instead. and are often italicized. sometimes. and. the dense language becomes even denser. understand how a sentence functions in the passage. not to sink into the swamp of polysyllabic terms and the minutiae of arcane theories. oligonucleotide. 3. the author of the passage has his or her own theory to offer up (which he or she believes is an improvement over the other theories). Only return to this part of the passage if it is necessary to answering a question correctly. Yet. there are tough parts of the passage. . If the italics do not intimidate you. phosphodiesterase… you get the picture. These terms. the ideas even more abstract. A scientist comes up with a theory to account for evidence. knowing what you’ve just read. the word’s polysyllabic nature will: phytoplankton. are important to the passage. 5. Again. there is a third theorist. Embrace the Weird. your main goal on first reading is to get the big picture. Remember the Geography of the Passage Just as it is important to understand how the “swampy” parts of the passage function in the passage. however. Sometimes. Remember the Big Picture The key to success on any reading passage is. While this might sound simple. you should be able to paraphrase what you just read in such a way that an intelligent 6th grade student should be able to understand you. Italicized Words Technical words from science abound in this kind of passage. that theory is found wanting by another scientist. Do not get “bogged down” in this part of the passage. Understanding Structure Science passages are oftentimes about competing theories. Here. They usually regard some aspect of the different theories/ideas being bandied about the passage. 2. it is important that you have a sense of how the different parts of the passage and paragraphs relate to each other. who interprets the evidence in a different way. 4.

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