Shorinji Kempo - Cartagena

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE JAPANESE MARTIAL ARTS IN SHORINJI KEMPO
The Shorinji Kempo has a Chinese influence almost with complete certainty, nevertheless cannot be avoided the important Japanese substrate that there is in this discipline, it although its exact origin and degree of influence are as much or more confused than the Chinese, because at times it has been omitted and in others he has been exaggerated, according to the political or social situation. It seems to be that the first martial instruction that Under Doshin received, came from the hand of its grandfathers Under Shigeto (also known like Juen Under) between 1920 and 1927. It counts the official history of the Shorinji Kempo that the grandfathers of Under Doshin were expert in Jujutsu, Kendo and send, although we do not know exactly what style, of many that they exist in the Japanese arts, it knew and it taught to his grandson, and whereupon depth did it. One of the emblematic styles of the Butokukai can that was Daito Ryu, association by which was certified its grandfathers; but there is nothing no definitive on the matter, since also other styles of Jujutsu, and even the same Judo, were present in the prestigious association. Later, Under Doshin it entered to comprise of the Japanese army, and member, in addition, of the Kokuryukai (Society of the Black Dragoon) receiving military training of this society before being sent to Manchuria in 1928. This instruction had to include martial preparation without no doubt, although we ignored what style or styles could include its formation. Very possible, that the importance of the Butokukai is given then, learned some style gathered by this martial association. He is not either dismissable that learned some police system or military hybrid, effective then in the average military, like for example the Keishicho Budo, a style of fight with police aims created in 1885 from traditional styles of Jujutsu. This style included sixteen techniques without arms that denominated Keishi Kenpo, existing in addition technical to Hojo Jutsu (moors) and Kappo (pressure to the key points). Later Under Doshin it remains in China between 1928 and 1946, and although it seems that it makes his life between Chinese (at least until 1936), is not dismissable that also had some contacts with companions of the Japanese army which they had Japanese knowledge of traditional martial arts, and that existed a certain learning or interchange, although it was of an informal way. In fact, numerous teachers and Japanese experts in martial arts of the time were in Manchuria. In this sense it is necessary to emphasize the testimony of Kori Hisataka (1907-1988), founder of the style Shorinji Ryu Kenkokan Karate, that he affirmed to have had by disciple to Under Doshin in Manchuria. More ahead we will go deep in this testimony. Finally, after his return to Japan in 1946, he knows themselves that Under Doshin he observed and he analyzed diverse arts and forms of fight, and he even got to practice during months a style of denominated Jujutsu Hakko Ryu. All these mentioned occasions gave to Under Doshin with almost total security the opportunity to acquire a knowledge of the Japanese styles, that later would influence in the formation of the Shorinji Kempo. Be as it is the Shorinji Kempo has elements very similar to diverse Japanese styles like the Jujutsu, the Karate, the Judo, the Kendo, the Extreme one, the Nippon Kempo, etc, as we are going to see next. The Shorinji Kempo and the traditional styles of Jujutsu In general terms we can affirm that the Shorinji Kempo has numerous elements in common with the classic styles of the Japanese Jujutsu. These classic styles almost are not known in the West, and nothing has to do with the Jujutsu imitate by the western federations from the Judo, the Karate and the Aikido. This similarity seems to indicate that surely Under Doshin it received a determining influence of some of these styles. Some of the most remarkable characteristics of the Shorinji Kempo that seem to come from the Japanese styles are the following ones: - The great percentage of luxación techniques and projection: This characteristic of the Shorinji Kempo corresponds more with a style of Jujutsu that with a style of Kung Fu. The styles of Kung Fu also have this type of maneuvers, denominated Chin Na, although they are not of a as frequent use as in the Jujutsu. What yes it is certain is that most of the techniques and styles of traditional Jujutsu they affect the projections in the style of the Judo much more, that in the luxación techniques. On the other hand it is necessary to clarify that although in the Shorinji Kempo the number of techniques of this type is more abundant than the one of those of I strike, rarely surpasses 30% of the time in the daily instruction. - The techniques of escape before you take hold: Although also used by the Chinese styles, these techniques are own of the Japanese styles, in which the crucial aspect studied to get away of takes hold that it prevented to unholster or to use the katana; although the certain thing is that the escapes that I have had the opportunity to see of these Japanese styles are enough coarser than those of Shorinji Kempo. In the styles of Jujutsu these techniques denominate “hodoki”, “hogusu” or “hogure”; whereas in the Shorinji Kempo they designate with the term “nuki”, a term that comes from the Kendo and that means “to unholster”. Between the classic styles that affected the study of these escapes were the Yagyu Shingan Ryu and the Sho Sho Ryu, for example. - The existence of mooring techniques: This type of techniques is typically Japanese, and hobaku” or “hojo is denominated “jutsu” in the classic styles of Jujutsu; although also modernly they have been used by the Japanese police bodies. In the Shorinji Kempo a pair of these techniques exists only, but they indicate a clear Japanese origin. Among other Japanese styles, this modality is practiced in the Enshin Ryu, in the Takenouchi Ryu, the Muso Ryu and the Araki Ryu. - The existence of techniques of control or arrest: These denominated techniques “torite” in the classic styles of Jujutsu also have their place within the Shorinji Kempo (Tori waza). Although this type of techniques also appears more recently in manual Chinese, and specially in those of the Chinese police, do not know much in relation to the Kung Fu, whereas in Japan were usual between the shogunales guards, the feudal police and even

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Some of these principles of luxación are similar to which the Shorinji Kempo uses.The use of the cane of denominated monk Shakujo: This cane finished off with a metallic end and sonorous earrings is used in diverse Japanese traditional styles like the Rikishin Ryu. although call the attention the blow to the eyes like “me uchi” of Shorinji Kempo. the Shindo Yoshin Ryu and others. . East etc. as if these techniques were sequences or selected applications of old Chinese forms. On the other hand. whereas in Japan were usual between the shogunales guards. By the others. the Araki Ryu and the Yagyu Shingan Ryu practice these techniques.Shorinji Kempo . This it is the case of styles like the Yagyu Shingan Ryu. it is important to indicate that Under Doshin it was repatriated to Japan in 1946 and that it founded the Shorinji Kempo on 1947. As far as his I strike is so little that it lacks relevance. etc. What is more peculiar is than to the part of the systems of Jujutsu that is dedicated to study I strike designates with the term “kenpo to them”. many Chinese styles usually are organized technically dividing to their education in the study of the diverse individual forms (“katas”. In general terms. takes to suppose to us that the knowledge whom Under Doshin it acquired of the Hakko Ryu was not very extensive nor deep. .The use of blows: Considering that the great majority of the classic styles of Jujutsu did a little use of I strike. This. projections. In order to enter to us in this subject it is necessary to know how that Japanese classic styles exist that yes contain techniques of I strike. with the aim. like in Karate. the Daito Ryu. the Hakko Ryu is like an austere. The reason of training through technical was the one to practice real situations battle. This form to organize the techniques is much more similar to which is used in the Shorinji Kempo. the Yoshin Ryu. etc. Therefore. as it is the case of the styles Araki Ryu Kenpo or Kyushin Ryu Kenpo. The Shorinji Kempo shares with the Hakko Ryu diverse aspects and elements. Nevertheless it does not seem to exist such weapon in the Chinese tradition. . which makes doubt that on this base it could conceive a so sophisticated style technically as it is the Shorinji Kempo. the Seigo Ryu. like its interest to inculcar a positive philosophy in the medical instructor (although both philosophies they are different). the “Koho igaku shiatsu” that deals with the therapeutic techniques. although like the Aikido uses principles of luxación and projection to respond to diverse attacks. In the Shorinji Kempo the techniques are grouped in diverse families with names of Chinese origin. the use of the elbow with the open hand and the guard of knees like “fukko gamae”. Karate de Okinawa. “musha dori” or “hoshu”) or Blows (“kenpo”. of a form similar to the following one: or Disarmaments (“muto dori”. This discipline consists of three parts: the “Yawara” that the study of the martial techniques includes. that rather consists actually individual of exercises and routines (like the “katas” of Karate). The practice of techniques is much more common in the Japanese styles. that it affirms that Under Doshin it was only training some months with his father. halfway between the Chinese way and the Japanese. Jojutsu (cane). Shurikenjutsu (throwable leaves). since it would be very difficult to strike with the horizontal fist. luxaciones. and that the Karate is not really an art genuinely of Japan but of Okinawa. Okuyama also had studied Seigo Ryu Jujutsu and diverse schools of Kenjutsu (sword). not to destroy the adversary.233. the existence of an own therapy… But technically it is very different. the Yoshin Ryu. taking as it bases the school Daito Ryu. direct Aikido and less to circulate. etc. reason why it is not possible to be discarded that I also strike has Japanese influence. the Sho Sho Ryu. in fact the tradition genuinely Japanese speech to use the vertical fist to be able to strike while the katana is grasped or a dagger.The technical structure: The techniques of the Shorinji Kempo are organized of a form. “hobaku” or “is nawa”) or Methods of resucitación (“kappo”) or Methods of attack to the key points (“appo”) etc. one is asked from where it comes I strike of the Shorinji Kempo and what it influences Japanese can have.104/translate_c?hl=en&u=http://www. but to neutralize it and to control it without brutality. “hodoki” or “hogusu”) or Moorings (“hojo jutsu”. In addition investigated diverse Japanese traditional therapeutic schools. but not of a way that does not leave place to doubts of its influence. and that in some of them these techniques are even predominant.Cartagena http://64. in order to capture alive its enemies. aspect of the key points also is considered important in many Chinese systems. The martial part is made up of techniques of I strike to the key points. these do not constitute the main form of practice. and it has his origin in China. the Tiger..The use of own key points of Japanese systems: As much the techniques of resucitación (kappo) like of destruction (denominated “appo” in Shorinji Kempo. applying answers proven in the battle of a controlled way. the Lohan. like for example in those styles that gave rise to the original Karate of Okinawa (the styles of the Grulla de Fukien. “hade” or “hakuda”) or Escapes (“hogure”. that are followed one another one after another one until the masters. next to declarations of son of Ryuho Okuyama. with a sword in the hand. with a Maxima effectiveness and a minimum effort.. according to the Japanese terminology) and their applications. the Hakko Ryu. shorter. “shiraha dori” or “gyoi dori”) or Controls or arrests (“torite”.The use of techniques: Although the Chinese martial arts also make use of pre-established techniques. the importance that occurs to the key points. Some Japanese traditional styles even ended up adding to their east name term that designated them as styles specialized in I strike. “shubaku”. and “sappo” in the Japanese traditional styles) are present in the Shorinji Kempo. since we could say that the Hakko Ryu is halfway between the Daito Ryu and the Aikido. and the “Koho goshin taiso” that constitutes a species of regenerative gymnastics. and very are considered in styles like the Takenouchi Ryu. 2 of 5 4/08/2007 3:18 PM . it is not possible to be denied that Under Doshin it extracted something of his contact with Okuyama. the feudal police and even between the soldiers. as well as in the Japanese esoteric Buddhism (Shugendo).179. Many classic styles like the Takenouchi Ryu. Sojutsu (it sends).) although according to some experts points that the Shorinji Kempo studies would be typically Japanese. . On the contrary the form in which many classic styles of Jujutsu are organized is dividing its curriculum in diverse maintenance battalions. although it could be an inspiration or adaptation of a Chinese weapon denominated “Cane of Buddha” who has one of his ends enlarged like a stick or mallet. . Hakko Ryu The style that is mentioned more at the time of speaking of the Japanese influences in the Shorinji Kempo is the Hakko Ryu. This style was founded on 1941 by Ryuho Okuyama.shorinjikempo-ca. and that practiced of a free way could be lethal. although in this one the denomination to describe each group is in the style of the Chinese forms. in which its practice has constituted during centuries the essence of almost all the classic styles. but is difficult to think that this influence was decisive to constitute or to base the Shorinji Kempo.

except for the use of the peto. although it shows to less dynamism and harder and direct circularidad. and Kenwa Mabuni. and Ryuho Okuyama. and of there its similarity. although we do not know on what it is based to make that affirmation. the lance (under). the style in which Under Doshin it was initiated by its grandfathers. although some experts of other styles therefore say it. kubi nage. We do not know if perhaps they talk about to the education provided by the grandfathers of Under Doshin or what… The school Daito Ryu was created at the end of century XIX by Takeda Sogaku (1858-1943) on the basis of the style “Oshikiuchi” of the Takeda family. By the others. but that more likely could show to us to what extent it has the Shorinji Kempo influences of the Judo (or perhaps of some other school of Jujutsu like the Tenshin Shinyo expert Ryu in throttlings. Probably one is more than an inspiration than another thing. This discipline is very similar to the Aikido. The question is that the work of Juho de Shorinji Kempo and that same work in the Hapkido has numerous characteristics in common. that at first was like the used one in Kendo. although the discipline of Under Doshin lacks. the wood saber (they bokken). mainly of luxación and projection.. Judo Between the styles that Under Doshin since said to have analyzed at the time of constituting the Shorinji Kempo is the Judo.179. is well certain that it uses some of his techniques. to at least learn to defend itself of them. but these coincidences exist although they are almost anecdotal. Also arms like the cane (jo). Sawayama was 5º give of Judo. founder of the style Hakko Ryu. learned with Saigo Tanomo (1829-1905). and this of course note. in which the name of the techniques is constructed by the resulting combination to apply a principle of defense to a type of attack.233. are used. times one would say that they talk about the influence that received through the school Hakko Ryu. but that in the Shorinji Kempo few techniques of defense even exist before attacks of Extreme (the techniques “shikumi”). of movements similar to the Judo. The movements of I strike of the Daito Ryu they are little. but Under Doshin uses the terminology of the Judo. each one with its name (like in most of the classic styles of Jujutsu and like the Shorinji Kempo) and not like in the Aikido or the Hakko Ryu. since this one was one of the main disciplines of the Butokukai. Daito Ryu In many documents one affirms that the Shorinji Kempo has influence of the style Daito Ryu. He would not even be preposterous to think that it was the original Judo (Kano Ryu Jujutsu). Kendo In the official history of the Shorinji Kempo one tells that Under Doshin also its art included concepts of the Kendo when founding. etc. The Daito Ryu has numerous techniques. had learned Daito Ryu with his founder. although also it has movements of I strike. Its search took to him to be disciple of Chojun Miyagi. and to which the creation of a branch of the Daito denominated Ryu Renshinkan is attributed to him. This type of fist (also common in schools as the Yoshin Ryu Jujutsu) would come from I strike while the sword was grasped.104/translate_c?hl=en&u=http://www. his founder. On the other hand its program is constituted by techniques. Nevertheless he is worthy to mention the similarity that has the techniques Juho de Shorinji Kempo with the work of luxación of the original Hapkido. The fight with you take hold is also well-known in China (the Shuai Jiao and other fights of origin mongol mainly). Extreme Nothing has been said of this possible influence. In addition in the Shorinji Kempo a section of throttling techniques exists (Rakan Shi Ho) that are not or well-known. Takeda was also expert in the saber schools Ono Is Itto Ryu and Jikishin Kage Ryu. Could then learn Under Doshin the bases of this style with he himself Matsuda Hosaku? Nothing we can respond. not deportivizado like the present one. but not only many names of techniques agree (kote nage. creator of the Hakko Ryu. founder of the Aikido. like in the Shorinji Kempo. Between his insignes disciples are Morihei Ueshiba more. This would aim at that in effect. The study of the key points called “tsubo” is well-known in this art. we can see how some displacements of Shorinji Kempo come with enough security of the Kendo (sashikomi ashi). that distributed diverse courses of Daito Ryu by all Japan. the Shorinji Kempo and the Hapkido have an origin common in the Daito Ryu. and movements. hiki otoshi…). sukui nage. think that this influence was decisive to constitute or to base the Shorinji Kempo. since this one drift of the Daito Ryu. founder of the Karate Goju Ryu.shorinjikempo-ca. in general. as it has already been said. the mentioned Takeda Sogaku. but only speculate. 3 of 5 4/08/2007 3:18 PM . since its aspect and dynamics do not agree absolutely with which we know the Shorinji Kempo. Choi Yong Sul (1904-1986). and they normally precede to the luxación or projection of the adversary.. The Nippon Kempo was created in 1932 by Sawayama Masaru (1906-1977). and some techniques even can have had inspiration in the Kendo (for example “tsubame gaeshi”. and although this can seem strange. and even the formation of a new style of called Aikido Matsuda Ryu. By the others it much more does not seem to have nothing excellent.Shorinji Kempo . and was worried to recover the use of “atemi waza” (blows) that was lost the modern Judo. According to the own history of the Hapkido. but other times it seems that they talked about one more a more direct influence.Cartagena http://64. but according to some experts the vertical fist is used. Nippon Kempo The possible influence of the Nippon Kempo in the Shorinji Kempo is pointed by the son of Ryuho Okuyama. and rather suppose that it could learn something of Daito Ryu with a disciple of called Takeda Matsuda Hosaku. studious nevertheless present they discard that Choi learned with Takeda. that influenced indeed in the creation of the Judo). that is the name of a technique of Kendo). to say that it agrees little with the Shorinji Kempo in the name of some technique and more. over which both have respectively with the Daito Ryu.

although their projections are of the Judo type and their luxaciones are not as numerous as in the Shorinji Kempo. as much more as soon as than the style Shorinji Ryu Kenkokan it makes use of the vertical fist and the turn of hip. Aside from the Boxing. that is very difficult to need which of them influenced to him of more conclusive way.Shorinji Kempo . we can suppose that the court connected to the Shorinji Kempo with the Wado Ryu by his appearance of “nonrigid Karate”. This teacher had practiced styles of Jujutsu like the Tenshin Shinyo Ryu and the Shindo Yoshin Ryu. it makes aloof and the counterattack simultaneously. From boy it was instructed in the art of his family. and to detect its origin would be relatively simple. principles. Ohtsuka learned Karate with Gichin Funakoshi.Cartagena http://64. it would not be very difficult to identify it. philosophy. founder of the Karate Shito Ryu. being even 4º Great Teacher of this one last style. and Kenwa Mabuni.shorinjikempo-ca. Wado Ryu In 1972 the Shorinji Kempo was faced a justice court that forced to change the original denomination to him of the style by the one of Nippon Shorinji Kempo. although I repeat that some amazing dynamic coincidences seem than accidental more. If the Shorinji Kempo had been based mainly on an only style. or if it could contact Under Doshin with Sawayama or some medical instructor of Nippon Kempo in China. exercises. and unlike other styles of Karate kumite has predetermined techniques denominated “Yakusoku”. also made a small contribution to the Shorinji Kempo of years 70. the Shorinji Kempo has characteristics of so many Chinese styles and Japanese. Aikido and English Boxeo. the Hisataka teacher affirmed to have had by disciple in Manchuria to Under Doshin. one does not know.. The question is that. There same Minoru interchanged knowledge with Mochizuki. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. search took to him to be disciple of Chojun Miyagi. Others Although they are not going away to include in this section Japanese systems of fight. but before the lack of fehacientes tests. Between these styles they would be the mentioned Nippon Kempo. founder of the Karate Goju Ryu. The Wado Ryu was founded on 1939 by Hironori Ohtsuka. popular teacher founding of Yoseikan Aikido.233. and it is a focused hard style to the realistic combat in which blows with projections and luxaciones are combined. In addition it practiced Jujutsu. whose fists are of a proven effectiveness. who denominated Kudaka Ryu Karatejutsu. in where it interchanged knowledge with an expert Chinese employee in the style Baji Quan de Kung Fu. the turn of the foot of back being able to carry out better the hip turn. since the fact to cover the chest with the hand that does not execute the action. that contributed the smooth part to him to the style that Hisataka would develop later. is necessary to mention them here. it contains many techniques of hand double and luxaciones or attacks to the joints. Dynamics. and later with Kenwa Mabuni (Shito Ryu) and Choki Motobu (Shorei Ryu). and specially with the legendary Chotoku Kyan (1870-1945). school derived as well from the Xingyi Quan. This is very significant. Shorinji Ryu Kenkokan Karate This style of Karate was developed by the okinawense Kori Hisataka (1907-1988) on the basis of its learning of diverse styles. the interest by the traditional therapies. aside from the declarations of Ryuho Okuyama. therapies… each element of the Shorinji Kempo seems to come from a different art. among other numerous coincidences. In this style the naturalness reigns. All this guard without a doubt some similarities with the Shorinji Kempo. Then. because numerous styles created then in Japan were inspired by the English Boxing. but there is really some influence of this art in the Shorinji Kempo. there is one that assures that the appearance of Brushes Lee and their Jeet Kune Do in the world-wide panorama of the martial arts. some is no evidence of which Under Doshin some with the Nippon Kempo had contact. simplicity and the relaxation. as far as vertical fist and use of hip. techniques. the existence of a kick lateral-frontal similar to “jun geri”. style based on the Yi Chinese Quan. Final conclusion Really. higher. the use of luxaciones.. concepts. the Shorinji Kempo is looked more like the Boxing (or to the Kick modern Boxing) that to any other style. rather would be necessary to attribute this to the influence of the Boxing in both disciplines and to the fact that both are imbuidas of a great sense common and good sense in their dynamics. the certain thing is that the part of I strike of this discipline is certainly similar to the one of the Shorinji Kempo. Already in years 30. but for that reason we are going to analyze this style (the Hakko Ryu already has been studied previously). in 1945.104/translate_c?hl=en&u=http://www. since of to have existed this influence. More ahead it studied with diverse teachers of Okinawa. the Taiho Jutsu or the Yoseikan Budo. founder of the Taikiken. Although the details of this judgment are not known with exactitude and is one that it affirms that all this are malintencionados rumors. or the existence of a pacifist and conciliadora philosophy. precursor of the vertical fist. it was destined to Manchuria like railway station master. We do not know on the basis of what facts this affirmation formulated the court. Diverse characteristics are similar this style with the Shorinji Kempo. enriching his style finally during World War II. Perhaps the truth… never we know it percent to the one hundred. after his contact with Kodo Sawai. We have not discovered any style that really has a dynamics so similar to the Shorinji Kempo that makes think clearly that fundamentally it is based on him. Although the amount of similarities is remarkable between I strike of the Shorinji Kempo and the one of the Jeet Kune Do. The influence of this art or deports is so that at level of I strike with the fists.179. This is not nothing strange. This style was pioneering in using protections for the combat. names. One of the systems that have even been recognized officially is the English Boxing. they took place in the Japanese stage of the Shorinji Kempo. This style works with natural positions. says that the court suggested the possibility that the Shorinji Kempo was in fact one mixture of Karate Wado Ryu and Hakko Ryu Jujutsu. Then. although he is not totally dismissable either that Under Doshin made some type of analysis on the basis of a experience with this style of Karate.© Homemade Rogelio Abellán TO RETURN 4 of 5 4/08/2007 3:18 PM . doing hers the Maxima of which the smoothness controls to the force.

104/translate_c?hl=en&u=http://www.233.179..Cartagena http://64.Shorinji Kempo .shorinjikempo-ca.. 5 of 5 4/08/2007 3:18 PM .

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