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The A, B, C Numbers and Their Application in the Theory of Waveguides Mariana Nikolova Georgieva-Grosse, Georgi Nikolov Georgiev, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ray Tracing Scattering Simulations for Cavities Filled with Dielectric Material Frank Weinmann, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Millimeter Wavelength Limiters Analysis Using RFS-3 Radio Frequency Simulator Andrey D. Grigoryev, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electromagnetic Simulations of Periodic Structures with FDTD Tools Bartlomiej Salski, Malgorzata Celuch, Wojciech K. Gwarek, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ultra-wideband Co-planar Boat Microstrip Patch Antenna with Modiﬁed Ground Plane by Using Electromagnetic Band Gap Structure (EBG) for Wireless Communication Dalia Nashaat, Hala A. Elsadek, Esamt Abdallah, Hadia Elhenawy, Magdy F. Iskander, . . . . . . . . . . . Optimization of Complex Microwave Systems with CORS RBF Network Backed by FDTD Analysis Data Ethan K. Murphy, Vadim V. Yakovlev, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Microwave Imaging in Closed Cavities — Locating Spatial Inhomogeneities of Dielectric Objects Alexander V. Brovko, Ethan K. Murphy, Matthias Rother, Heike P. Schuchmann, Vadim V. Yakovlev, Cell Bathing Medium as a Target for Non-thermal Eﬀect of MMW on Heart Muscle Contractility G. S. Ayrapetyan, E. H. Dadasyan, E. R. Mikayelyan, S. V. Barseghyan, Sinerik Ayrapetyan, . . . . . Computer Simulation of p-i-n Diodes for Integrated Millimeter Wavelength Limiters Vladimir V. Popov, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculation of Optimal Volume Ratio at Parallel Using of Ray and FDTD Method Robert Dady, Andrea Farkasvolgyi, Lajos Nagy, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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April 9–14. and M. Switzerland. Georgiev. β2 = 2 ¯2 )1/2 . Russia. in CDROM. allowing to construct simple formulae for computation of this important quantity [1]. Antennas Propagat. B = B− − B+ and C = C− − C+ where A± = σ1± /σ2± or A± = σ2± /σ1± . BK. Georgieva-Grosse. Adv.) The quantities Acr . G. “Phase behaviour of a two-layered circular ferritedielectric waveguide with azimuthal magnetization. B. k+ > 0) and negative (α− < 0. 2009 (in print). Moscow. relevant to the cutoﬀ state) are ﬁgured for the normal T E01 mode (n = 1). The eﬀect of structures parameters on them is examined. 2009. REFERENCES (c) 1. G. containing coaxially positioned ferrite and dielectric layers [3–5] have been treated. N. XXIX URSI General Assembly. Funzioni Ipergeometriche Conﬂuenti. “Formulae for diﬀerential phase shift computation in an azimuthally magnetized circular ferrite waveguide.. Bulgaria 1 Abstract— The circular waveguides with azimuthally magnetized ferrite have been explored to develop nonreciprocal phase shifters for electronically scanned antenna arrays. A new deﬁnition of the numbers mentioned is given here. as well as ones.n (ρ) — roots of the corresponding characteristic equations. N. Tricomi. G. An original approach to its solution in case of circular geometry is the introduction of the A. 1002. 2008. 3rd Europ. Conf. G. 2. α — oﬀ-diagonal tensor element. Chicago. (c = 3. Millenn. Georgiev. 345–349. G.” in Proc. Turin. χk±. N. N. ρ = r1 /r0 . University of Veliko Tirnovo “St. being the main aim of the study. August 18–21. turned out to be a very complicated task [1. It is set that: A = A− − A+ . Bcr . Entirely ﬁlled with ferrite circular [1] and coaxial [2] conﬁgurations.. . εr — relative permittivity of the ferrite). β2 = β2 /(β0 εr ) and r0 = β0 r0 εr — normalized ¯ √ ¯ ¯ ¯ phase constant. (1 > σ1± ≥ σ2± ≥ 0) are 2± 2± 2± ± 2± 2 4 ¯2 2 ¯2 the roots of the biquadratic equation σ± − (1 − β2± )σ± + 4β2± k± = 0. 3. 6. operating in the normal T E01 mode [1–5]. 26th Progr. Italy. ρ. Electromagn. (1 − α − β (c) ¯ The term β2± = χk±. k = αβ/(2β2 ). by iterative techniques. holding both for the circular and coaxial structures. Georgieva-Grosse. written by complex √ conﬂuent hypergeometric functions [1. “A property of the L(c. Rome.5[(1 − β 2 ) ± (1 − β 2 )2 − 4 × 4β 2 k 2 ] in that 1 − β 2 ≥ 4β2± |k± |. Georgieva-Grosse. Using these numbers. 6]. 2. Davos. N. The quantities σ1±. resp. and M. F. . “An application of the complex Tricomi function. r1 = β0 r1 εr — ¯ ¯ ¯ normalized axial conductor radius). Eleventh Int. in CDROM. 3. B. k− < 0) magnetization. 1954. Antennas Propagat. EuCAP 2009. .2± = r ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ 0. August 18–21. N.. N. Georgieva-Grosse. n) numbers and its application to waveguide propagation. depending on the relations between σ1± and σ2± . Georgiev. AP-2000. N. 2009 (in print). ICEAA’09. Ccr (a partial case of A. C. n = 1. N. “Propagation in an azimuthally magnetized circular ferrite-dielectric waveguide. Res. 4. Symp. radial wavenumber and guide radius.612 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. Germany. (β = β/(β0 εr ). C numbers [1].” in Proc. Russia. IL. G. resp. and M. B. Georgiev. USA.. N. (The subscripts “+” and “−” relate to positive (α+ > 0. August 7–16. in CDROM. and M. and M. Moscow. valid for both geometries which brings in a negligible error..n (ρ)/(2¯0 ) yields the eigenvalue spectrum of conﬁgurations for the normal r T E0n modes. Georgieva-Grosse. D-70839 Gerlingen. equivalent to two identical √ √ √ ¯ ¯ ¯ ones for β± and |α± |. Germany Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics. resp. Berlin. 2000. . 2. 6 (120). Georgiev. March 23–27. an approximate method for diﬀerential phase shift computation is suggested. In Electromagn. Edizioni Cremonese.” in Proc. Conf.” in Proc. 5. Applicat. B± = σ1± r0 or B± = σ2± r0 and C± = (σ1± /σ2± )¯0 or ¯ ¯ r 2 C± = (σ2± /σ1± )¯0 . St. Italy. C Numbers and Their Application in the Theory of Waveguides Mariana Nikolova Georgieva-Grosse1 and Georgi Nikolov Georgiev2 2 Meterstrasse 4.” in Proc. 2009 The A. β0 = ω ε0 µ0 . 5]. Finding the diﬀerential phase shift produced. Cyril and Methodius” BG-5000 Veliko Tirnovo. September 14–18. Conf.

the simulations allow the fast generation of data over a certain frequency band. This leads to a much more complex shape of scattering centers. 6– 10.. Thus. Neuenahrer Str. Weinmann Research Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FGAN e. Furthermore. Wachtberg 53343. 20..V. virtual scattering centers can clearly be assigned to speciﬁc directions of incidence and multiple reﬂections inside the cavity. . 2006. Germany Abstract— This contribution presents a very eﬃcient Shooting-and-Bouncing-Rays (SBR) algorithm. F.g. interiors of vehicles. A special class of such objects are cavities with a dielectric ﬁlling. However. antennas covered by radomes. 2006. which can easily be studied in terms of RCS measurements in a standard anechoic chamber and thus serve as ideal objects for validation purposes. “PO/PTD ray tracing for arbitrary metallic and dielectric objects. respectively. August 18–21. France.” Proceedings of the EuCAP 2006 — European Conference on Antennas & Propagation. etc. Overall. Antennas Propagat. Weinmann. F. 2. Moscow. Jun. have been modeled.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. If the cavity is ﬁlled with a PVC cube or slab.” IEEE Trans. Nice. which can be used for calculating a twodimensional image of the object. Such images can also be used for visualization of the main scattering phenomena. Weinmann. this algorithm has been proved to provide very accurate results when calculating mono. this ray tracing algorithm is well-suited not only for metallic objects but also for the modeling of objects composed of diﬀerent materials. Also dielectric objects. These directions also coincide with RCS maxima in the azimuth plane. 1797–1806. “Ray tracing with PO/PTD for RCS modeling of large complex objects. Recent advances of the presented ray tracing algorithm include the modeling of objects composed of metallic as well as dielectric parts. diﬀracted rays according to the well-known Uniform Theory of Diﬀraction (UTD) have been implemented. which has been combined with Physical Optics (PO) and the Physical Theory of Diﬀraction (PTD). e. REFERENCES 1.or bistatic RCS of arbitrary large metallic objects. 54. In the case of the empty cavity. such as radomes.. Nov. there is a lack of validation possibilities because numerically exact methods generally require much more computational resources for dielectric objects. According to previous studies.. Russia. the ray tracing simulations show an excellent agreement with measurement results for both empty cavities and cavities ﬁlled with dielectric material. Vol.. To enhance the accuracy of the simulations. 2009 613 Ray Tracing Scattering Simulations for Cavities Filled with Dielectric Material F. propagation mechanisms become much more complex due to multiple reﬂections inside the dielectric material and enclosed air space.

Such structure provides high limiter attenuation in “closed” state and high level of dissipated power. Russia Abstract— Designers of p-i-n diode microwave limiters and switches encountered serious problems in their drive for better device parameters. “Multiple-cell lumped element and port models for the vector ﬁnite element method. In each column diodes are in series connection for RF current and all columns are parallel connected for RF.. While for C = 0. The diodes were incorporated into VFEM model as surface lumped elements [1] deﬁned by their resistance and capacitance. The limiter consists of a silicon plate (substrate) 1 (see Fig.01 pF on the central frequency 35 GHz is about 0. 28. 2009 Millimeter Wavelength Limiters Analysis Using RFS-3 Radio Frequency Simulator Andrey D. Fig. 1. After that grooves were plated by gold to make power traces 3. c. Salimov. 1. D. Total number of diodes changed from 16 (as shown on Fig. Grooves and stubs were made on the one side of the plate by means of anisotropic etching. A. Grigoryev. Then a model of limiter was created by RFS-3 code (Fig. This paper presents results of the analysis of a 8-millimeter wave band p-i-n diode limiter by means of RFS-3 computer code. These problems are especially hard to solve in millimeter wave band. Moscow. Grigoryev Saint-Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”. Russia. January 2008. 2 shows limiter attenuation versus frequency for two values of diode resistance R and diode capacity C. August 18–21. V. 4 1 2 3 Figure 1. and form several columns. Tikhonov. Vol. where parasitic parameters of active and passive elements becomes crucial.614 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. 18–26. All diodes are connected in parallel for d. 1). No. .” Electromagnetics. The results showed good agreement with measurement data.01 pF curve is rather smooth.2 dB. So thorough computer simulation and optimization of the limiter have to be performed in order to ﬁnd optimal design. I. implementing vector ﬁnite element method (VFEM). Attenuation in the “open” state for C = 0. The silicon stubs were implanted by p-type dope from one side and n-type dope from the other to form p-i-n diodes 4. for C = 0.03 dB there exists a number of resonances. caused by distributed slot inductance and diodes capacitance. 1) placed in the cross section of a rectangular waveguide 2. So it is very important to minimize diode capacitance. R. 1) to 196 (14 columns each containing 14 diodes) depending on working frequency and maximum input power. At the ﬁrst step of simulation parameters of single diode were extracted from its physical model by means of SILVACO ATLASTM code. and R. REFERENCES Figure 2. and in the “closed” state 18 dB.

We will concentrate on two modelling approaches: The ﬁrst approach is an eigenvalue analysis of inﬁnite periodic structures that demonstrates their ﬁltering properties and helps in ﬁnding photonic band gaps (PBG) to be further exploited in real devices. Nowowiejska 15/19. Recently. 00-665. Poland Abstract— This work discusses formulations of the ﬁnite-diﬀerence time-domain (FDTD) method for space-periodic problems. Of several periodic FDTD algorithms reported in the literature. This paper presents a brief review of FDTD application to the modelling of these kinds of devices and shows the authors’ experience in this ﬁeld. This includes photonic crystals. Complex Looped FDTD (CL-FDTD) with periodic boundary conditions (PBC) is chosen for further developments and use. It also ﬁnds recognition in millimeter-wave applications. Malgorzata Celuch. scatterometry overlay (SCOL) technologies for integrated circuits and many others that take the advantage of speciﬁc behaviour of electromagnetic wave in periodic like structures. Gwarek Institute of Radioelectronics. 2009 615 Electromagnetic Simulations of Periodic Structures with FDTD Tools Bartlomiej Salski. due to its combined advantages of stability within the whole Courant region and direct Maxwellian form of its internal variables. microstructured ﬁbers with well-controlled dispersion characteristic or SCOL targets. the authors believe that it gives a good grasp of how FDTD method can support electromagnetic modelling of periodic problems. Moscow. Speciﬁc attention will also be given to the physical insight into the nature of solutions produced by periodic FDTD algorithms. Russia. . The other approach focuses on application of periodic structures in real devices like planar optical waveguides. microstructured telecommunication ﬁbers. superlensing devices. engineering of artiﬁcial materials and devices that exploit unique properties of regular periodic structures has become very popular in optics. and Wojciech K. Models of incident plane wave excitation and near-to-far ﬁeld transformation procedures are customized to the periodic FDTD requirements. August 18–21. While the whole scope of applications surely exceeds the volume of this contribution.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. metamaterials.

Ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems can be broadly classiﬁed as any communication system whose instantaneous bandwidth is many times greater than the minimum required to deliver particular information. Egypt 3 Faculty of Engineering. Etching 2D electromagnetic band-gap structure (2D-EBG) as dumb-bell shaped shape in line feed results in improving the bandwidth more three times compared with the original bandwidth and reduces the antenna size as well as enhances the antenna gain. August 18–21.616 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. the remarkable characteristics of the microstrip patch antennas including low proﬁle structure. light weight. and low cost in fabrication extensive researches have been done over the past years to overcome their major drawback of such antennas which is the narrow bandwidth. The boat MPA is used for ultra-wide bandwidth intelligent antenna systems applications. and Magdy Iskander1 1 Hawaii Center for Advanced Communication. Hala A. Russia. 2009 Ultra-wideband Co-planar Boat Microstrip Patch Antenna with Modiﬁed Ground Plane by Using Electromagnetic Band Gap Structure (EBG) for Wireless Communication Dalia Nashaat1 . USA 2 Electronics Research Institute. and there are very good agreement between the simulated and measured results. Moscow. Hawaii. This antenna was numerically designed using HFSS simulation software package that is based on ﬁnite element method. Elsadek2 . The gain of antenna is also studied and the radiation pattern in both E and H-plane of the proposed antenna are presented. The ﬁnal proposed antenna design provides an impedance bandwidth (S11 < −10 dB) over the range from 2 GHz to up 35 GHz with a lot of bandwidth discontinuities. A new antenna structure using triangular microstrip patch antenna alongside a small trapezoidal shape ground plane with proximity fed by a microstrip line is proposed in this paper. Esamt Abdallah2 . Simulations and measurements were carried out. There were various eﬀorts from researchers toward achieving broader bandwidth. simulations and measured results based on the reﬂection coeﬃcient are presented in this paper. Honolulu. Ain Shams University. Ultra-wideband (UWB) is an emerging radio technology that has received much attention recently. Details of the antenna design. Cairo. Hadia Elhenawy3 . . Giza. This printed antenna structure resembles as a boat hence it is called boat microstrip patch antenna. Egypt Abstract— Although.

we have explicitly addressed. No. However. Vol. we introduce a new objective function (OF) that measures the bandwidth of the respective characteristic over speciﬁed “optimality zones”.). MA 01609. Optimization techniques based on the EM-simulated responses seem to be attractive for a very large group of MW systems whose complex physics is accessible for 3-D full-wave numerical analysis. Microwave Theory Tech. Russia. They are eﬀectively restricted to certain classes of MW systems for which suitable physical or empirical models exist (and thus make space-mapping (SM) technologies [1] applicable) and to those structures whose electromagnetic (EM) analysis takes reasonably low CPU time. This explains the motivation for the current trend of further cultivation of the SM-based optimization techniques. We compare the resulting technique with its predecessor [2] by monitoring the eﬀects of the new OF and the CORS sampling. These examples show that the reported algorithm substantially outperforms its predecessor [2]. Yakovlev Department of Mathematical Sciences. In our previous study [2]. Their optimal designs are found from 5-parameter optimizations requiring only 167. 3721–3730. 177.. but also indicates that new avenues enhancing eﬃciency of methodologies backed by full-wave EM simulation are deﬁnitely worth further exploring. we principally advance the technique of dynamic training: when selecting additional sample points. the problem of reduction of the number of necessary simulations in FDTD-backed optimization: the introduced artiﬁcial neural network (ANN) algorithm featuring special mechanisms (e.g. its dynamic training with adding a local minimum from each iteration to the database. Moscow. the decomposed radial basis function (RBF) network. etc.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. Worcester. respectively. It is important to note that the CORS-RBF technique and the new OF are independent of the source of data. Dealing with frequency responses of S-parameters of MW structures. Murphy and Vadim V.. 54. FEM. for the ﬁrst time in electromagnetic optimization. “A space mapping framework for engineering optimization: Theory and implementation. direct optimal CAD of such devices may require a large number of design variables (and thus substantial amount of EM analyses) to be involved and hence be impractical. and 99 analyses. 2009 617 Optimization of Complex Microwave Systems with CORS RBF Network Backed by FDTD Analysis Data Ethan K. August 18–21. the results of this paper clearly show a feasibility of further development of full-wave modeling-backed techniques and a great potential of the CORSRBF algorithm as a practical CAD tool applicable to a wide array of complex MW systems.” IEEE Trans. As earlier in [2]. 2007. USA Abstract— With computer-aided design (CAD) and optimization of microwave (MW) systems being the subjects of considerable interest due to their potential of direct practical use. In this contribution. etc. and K. analysis data for this optimization algorithm are generated by the 3-D conformal FDTD simulator QuickWave-3D [4]. computational tools available for eﬃcient optimal design still remain relatively limited. Madsen. J. Koziel.) has been shown to be capable of ﬁnding good local optimal solutions in speciﬁed domains with the use of relatively small data sets. W. we outline two crucial revisions of the RBF network optimization algorithm [2] that result in dramatic improvement of its performance. for the ﬁrst time. That is. 10. it will be fully operational working with data generated by other numerical techniques (MoM. REFERENCES 1. and a dielectric resonator antenna.. a microwave oven with a cylindrical load. whereas the RBF technique [2] with both old (norm-based) and new (bandwidth-based) OFs and the CORS-RBF algorithm with the old OF are merely unable to ﬁnd those optima with as many as 1000 analyses. Overall. Performance of the CORSRBF algorithm is illustrated by optimizing |S11 | frequency responses of an inductively coupled waveguide band-pass ﬁlter. Worcester Polytechnic Institute. S. we use. constrained optimization response surfaces (CORS) technique [3] — a global optimization response surface type algorithm designed to minimize the number of function evaluations in the process of ﬁnding the global minimum. Bandler. The CORS-RBF technique operating with the new OF appears to be responsible for getting optimal solutions of better “quality” (when the solution satisfying all the applied constraints does not exist in the speciﬁed domain) and a spectacular reduction of the number of EM analyses in comparison with the technique [2]. . even though in the presented version the algorithm works with data of FDTD analyses. Second.

Shoemaker. Murphy.. No. and C. 2009 2. K. “Constrained global optimization of expensive black box functions using radial basis functions. QuickWave-3D.pl/. 3069–3083. http//:www. Global Optim.o. 3. Moscow. V. August 18–21. 7.com. z o. Regis. E. Warsaw.618 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. G. 153–171. Vol. Vol. and V.” IEEE Trans. Poland.” J. A. No.. QWED Sp. Russia. Yakovlev.. . 2005. 31. R. 4. 1998–2009.qwed. Microwave Theory Tech. 54. 1. “RBF network optimization of complex microwave systems represented by small FDTD modeling data sets. 2006.

Kluwer. USA 3 Institute of Life Sciences. IEEE AP-S Intern. QuickWave-3D.o.. Saratov State Technical University Saratov 410070. cylindrical. detection of defects in wood slabs and in composite panels. A direct scattering problem is solved with the use of full-wave 3D FDTD analysis. 175–178. K. our technique allows for reconstructing. 2000. Springer. however. and R. Rother. Murphy. Jun. ellipsoidal. No. with an acceptable accuracy and for a reasonable computational cost.” IEEE Microwave and Wireless Comp. Poland.g. Murphy2 . The recent advances in the theory and solution techniques for inverse problems in free space (see. 2003. detection of porosity in ceramics and molded rubber. P.com. The cases involving raw beef are more complex due to the signiﬁcantly larger loss factor of the unfrozen beef. Karlsruhe 76131. . we present an extension of our original technique [4] for the detection of a position and a size of an object in a dielectric sample placed in a waveguide. University of Karlsruhe (TH). Meyer. e. One of possible techniques for its solution is microwave (MW) imaging [1]. Matthias Rother3 . 18. R. Vol.pl/. 1998–2009 http://www. 2008. V. Yakovlev.. 9. REFERENCES 1. MW imaging in closed systems may be simpler and provide high accuracy of measurements [3].Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. “Waveguide microwave imaging: Spherical inclusion in a dielectric sample.g. Microwave Testing and Evaluation. The technique relies on an artiﬁcial neural network used for the numerical inversion of the problem and reconstruction of geometrical parameters of the tested object. Yakovlev2 1 Department of Applied Information Technologies. A. Colton. 647–649. the techniques of NDE/NDT of materials by the waveguide/resonator ﬁelds have not received an in-depth consideration so far — in part. Jostingmeier.) shapes. M. Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester. [2]) has inspired substantial progress of MW imaging in open space despite the fact that corresponding experimental implementations of practical techniques of non-destructive evaluation and testing (NDE/NDT) are typically quite complicated. Warsaw.. 4. H. these include reconstruction of voids inside concrete structures or bricks. monitoring of inhomogeneities in food products. V.. Symp. Finally. and a sphere of frozen raw beef in a rectangular block of unfrozen raw beef. Brovko. a sphere of unfrozen raw beef in a rectangular block of frozen raw beef. E...qwed. Russia. Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory. 1998.” Proc. the unfrozen spheres of more then 12 mm diameter and the frozen spheres of more then 40 mm diameter. Our computational experiments with the WR975 (248 × 124 mm) waveguide show that. T. D. 5. corresponding numerical data are employed for network training and testing. Germany Abstract— Detection of inhomogeneities in dielectric materials is required in many practical applications. the sizes and position of the glass and air spheres of more then 15 mm diameter are detected with the average error of 0. etc. likely due to substantial complexity of theoretical aspects of the related inverse problem. Ethan K. We present the numerical results for detection of an inhomogeneity in an object for: (1) (2) (3) (4) a glass sphere in a rectangular Teﬂon block. Schuchmann.2%. Schuchmann3 . 2009 619 Microwave Imaging in Closed Cavities — Locating Spatial Inhomogeneities of Dielectric Objects Alexander V. z o. at 915 MHz. Heike P. and A. S. A.9–2. Lett. Russia 2 Department of Mathematical Sciences. However. it is shown that the method can also be straightforwardly adjusted to the scenarios of reconstruction of inclusions of other (e. QWED Sp. Zoughi. Amsterdam. an air sphere in a rectangular Teﬂon block. Kress. Vol. Omar. MA 01609. In terms of measurements. Brovko1 .. “Microwave imaging using a novel regularization scheme. 2. 3. In this contribution. etc. It requires only elementary measurements of complex reﬂection and transmission coeﬃcients. August 18–21. 3. Moscow. Berlin. and V. Here we explore the applicability of this technique introduced in [4] for spherical inclusions to diverse combinations of materials (low and high contracts) and alternative shapes. and Vadim V.. Required numerical data are obtained with the 3-D conformal FDTD simulator QuickWave3D [5].

2009 Cell Bathing Medium as a Target for Non-thermal Eﬀect of MMW on Heart Muscle Contractility G. The direct exposure of MMW (SAR = 2 mW/g). muscle dehydration and the decrease of the number of functionally active ouabain receptors in membrane. is signiﬁcantly less than the heat fusion of sham and IR-treated DW and PS. while the IR-induced heating starts sharply from the ﬁrst minute of irradiation. H. neuronal membrane functional activity and on the number of cellular mechanisms regulating the muscle contractility and neuromembrane activity. We suggest that the MMW-induced vibration of water dipole molecules causes the non-thermal changes of physicochemical properties of DW and PS as a result of the increase of water molecules dissociation bringing to the formation of H2 O2 in it. Barseghyan. MMW-treated and peroxide containing PS on heart muscle and neurons. which is accompanied by the increase of H2 O2 formation in it. Thus. The heat fusion of MMW-pretreated DW and PS after freezing by liquid nitrogen (N2 ). Moscow. Dadasyan. Mikayelyan. Armenia Abstract— In may presentation I will present data on the comparative study of the eﬀects of weak intensity speciﬁc absorption rate (SAR = 2 mW/g) of 60 GHz millimeter wave (MMW) and near Infrared (IR) irradiation on thermodynamic properties. The thermal eﬀect of MMW and IR on DW and PS has diﬀerent kinetics: MMW heating inhibits in the ﬁrst minute of exposure. modulation eﬀect on agonistinduced and potential-dependent membrane currents. as well as on MMW-treated PS on heart muscle contractility.620 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. S. speciﬁc electrical conductivity (SEC) and hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) content of distilled water (DW) and physiological solution (PS). E. Ayrapetyan. MMW-pretreated PS and H2 O2 -containing PS has a similar stimulation eﬀect on heart muscle contractility. V. MMW irradiation has time-dependent elevation eﬀect on water SEC and SAR. August 18–21. . R. and Sinerik Ayrapetyan UNESCO Chair-Life Sciences International Postgraduate Educational Center. which was accompanied by the increase of intracellular cAMP and Ca concentration. the obtained data allow us to consider the water dissociation as a main target through which the non-thermal eﬀect of MMW on physicochemical properties of water is realized. E. Russia. The Na+ /K+ pump inhibition elevates the eﬀect of MMW. S. while the MMW-induced formation of H2 O2 in cell bathing medium serves as a messenger through which the modulation of intracellular metabolism takes place.

It was shown that fringe ﬁelds and currents play a signiﬁcant role and dramatically change diode parameters. Diode simulation was performed by the computer code TCADTM SILVACO. 2. In order to enlarge input power and attenuation of the parasite signal the diodes were arranged in a matrix formed on the surface of the semi-insulating silicon substrate by means of anisotropic etching. 2009 621 Computer Simulation of p-i-n Diodes for Integrated Millimeter Wavelength Limiters Vladimir V. Saint-Petersburg. Russia. Upper surface of the structure was protected by silicon dioxide ﬁlm 5. bias voltage) were extracted. For example. Parameters of these devices. . diode capacitance enlarges by factor 3 when in 3D simulation compared to 1D result. Diode structure used in simulation is shown on Fig. especially in millimeter wave-band are mainly determined by the quality of p-i-n diodes. The silicon substrate 1 with speciﬁc resistance 6 kOhm·cm (acceptor doping Na = 2. August 18–21. This paper presents results of computer simulation of millimeter wavelength p-i-n diodes which were used for developing an electromagnetic model of the limiter. 5 4 3 2 4 1 Figure 1.2 · 1012 ) was etched to form grooves 4 and ledges. Figure 2. Grooves were covered with metal to form power traces.8 µm wide. used in the equipment. 20 µm and length 70 µm formed p-i-n diode base. The matrix contains from 8 to 196 diodes and is placed in the cross-section of a standard waveguide. Vertical edges of the ledges were doped to form p+ and n+ contact regions 3 0. Russia Abstract— Microwave limiters and switches are an integral part of each radar station. Each ledge having height 10 µm and. placed into the waveguide is shown on Fig. A view of a diode matrix with metal power traces. 1. Moscow. The described model was analyzed using 2D and 3D TCAD simulators. Popov Svetlana JSC.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. structure temperature. Diﬀerential resistance and capacitance of the diode under various conditions (life time of the carriers.

Goldmann Gy¨rgy t´r 3. Hungary o e Abstract— In this paper we would like to present our results of combining the ray methods and FDTD for oﬃce environment. In the space around the receiver we used the FDTD method while in the other space the ray method was used. For the optimal combination we have determined several parameters accordingly by minimal calculation electrical ﬁeld level can be calculated in a good resolution around the receiver. Moscow. Y. 2009 Calculation of Optimal Volume Ratio at Parallel Using of Ray and FDTD Method Robert Dady. and S. May 2000. . Wang.” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. In our earlier publication we demonstrated the algorithmic complexity for ray method and FDTD. In this article we conﬁrm that the combined using of ray and FDTD methods is more eﬀective than the other calculation procedures. Vol. August 18–21.. In this problem we encountered that we have to give the ratio of the size of the space around the receiver and th whole environment size. Our simulation environment has been developed for solving a new problem. 743–754. 48. and Lajos Nagy Department of Broadband Infocommunications and Electromagnetic Theory Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) H-1111 Budapest. 5. S. K. “A hybrid technique based on combining ray tracing and FDTD methods for site-speciﬁc modeling of indoor radio wave propagation.622 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts. No. REFERENCES 1. Safavi-Naeini. Russia. Chaudhuri. Andrea Farkasvolgyi.

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