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Using your knowledge AND the documents provided write a well-reasoned essay in which you discuss the

social, political, and economic impact of FDR's New Deal on American Society. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document A Source: Message to congress reviewing the broad objectives accomplishments of the administration. June 8, 1934 On one side of relief we have extended material aid to millions of our fellow citizens. On one side of recovery we have helped to lift agriculture and industry from a condition of utter Prostration. But in addition to these immediate tasks of relief and of recovery, we have properly, necessarily and with overwhelming approval determined to safeguard these tasks by rebuilding many of the structures of our economic life and reorganizing it in order to prevent a recurrence of collapse. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document B Source: Clubb, "An Unfortunate Wait" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document C Source: Virginia Durr Reflects on the Depressions Lessons, ca. 1930s Have you ever seen a child with rickets? Shaking as with palsy. No proteins no milk. And the companies pouring milk into gutters. People with nothing to wear and they were plowing cotton. People with nothing to eat, and they killed the pigs. If that wasn¶t the craziest system in the world, could you imagine anything more idiotic? This was just insane. And people blamed themselves, not the system. They felt they had been at fault:« "if we hadn¶t bought that radio"«« "If we hadn¶t bought that old secondhand car". -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document D -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document E Source: letter to President Roosevelt. "While more of my people are working than a year ago, the low wages and the rise in the prices of the necessities of life bring about a condition where those who work are little better off than those on relief. To date this problem seems to be increasing in seriousness. When so many people would like to eat better food and wear better clothes, it seems to us that there is something

have brought crises of many kinds for which the masters of old practice and theory were unprepared. social justice has become a definite goal. and that means revolution." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document H Source: Annual State of Union Message. We seek it through processes. economic problems. Stoddard -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document F Source: Albany Knickerbocker-Press February 21. The problem of distribution and the excessive rise in prices from producer to consumer must be solved some day. Free men will finally revolt. Letter to FDR. October 10. which retain all of the deep essentials of that republican form of representative government first given to a troubled world by the United States. my people would welcome a diet of pork chops. A real solution of this problem would greatly benefit the working classes. He is asking why should they continue? How come these conditions? Why should "opportunity" mean only opportunity for the privileged few to exploit the helpless many? What is the way out? The recent "Social Security Legislation" is an attempt to partly meet the situation." Clayton R. long in the making. After eating hamburger for five years.drastically wrong with a plan of procedure which limits production to raise prices. A small step.is not a dumb. It does seem as if a way could be fond whereby it would be just as profitable for the farmer to produce more and find a ready market because prices are within the range of pocketbooks as for him to produce less and be unable to sell because those who desire his products cannot afford them. but nevertheless a step in the right direction-. brutalized serf. Throughout the world. 1936 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document G Source: Walter Procter. He is a man.the faint streaks of the dawn of the better day.manual or brain-. change is the order of the day. In most nations. He is emerging from the stage of dumb acquiescence in things as they have been. Thus the American people do not stand alone in the world in their desire for change. but it ultimately reaches its limits. and ancient governments are beginning to heed the call. The American worker-. 1935. Human nature can endure much. They are bound to reach a breaking point. 1935 " Things cannot go on indefinitely as they have been. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document I . In ever nations.

groping. the Great Depression took a catastrophic toll on American society. but saved the country nevertheless.C. The saving grace of the time period. impacted the society of the 1930s more extensively than ever was predicted. 1936 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Essay Arguably the greatest economic crisis in all of American history." said Roosevelt in 1935. I feel sure of a reasonable amount of success. "Change is the order of the day. unsteady. and with overwhelming approval determined to safeguard these tasks by rebuilding many of the structures of our economic life" (Document A).C. 2. The wide effect of Roosevelt's New Deal was met with mixed reactions. I enrolled as a boy. things could not continue as they had been. with my feet firmly planted on the steps of life.Source: Robert Miller¶s account of his experiences enrolled in the CCC. January 23. I do not claim any honor for the change that occurred in me. (Document H). but could not describe it or discover a means for attaining it. The focal point of the early Roosevelt administration was the recovery of a shattered economy. and the provisions of the New Deal accomplished a wide recovery from the Depression. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Document J Source: Jersey City Journal. Now that I am a man.it was the right to call myself a man. Roosevelt's aims were discussed before Congress in 1934 in which he said "in addition to these immediate tasks of relief and recovery we have properly. It was created due to the GlassSteagall Act of 1933 in order to curb bank speculation. . Recovering from the crash of the 1920s was no small feat. which ensured bank deposits up to $2. political. These acts gave Americans a sense of security and optimism.500 also gave the public more faith in the banking system. I wanted something. despite critics of the time. it just had to be. The economic. But my personal achievement is the one glorious gift I have received from my association with the young men of the Civilian Conservation Corps. 1937 1. The FDIC. Then I discovered what it was I was seeking. One thing remained constant. and social effects of the New Deal were widespread and very important. The Emergency Banking Act and the Economy Act of the new deal both ensured that no future bank crashes would be likely to occur. I'm only deeply thankful that I had the change to get acquainted with the real me.Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. in my humble way I have made you realize what the Civilian Conservation Corps has done for me. My life at camp has given me that right. necessarily. " These things I have mentioned are benefits derived by every young man who has been a member of the Civilian Conservation Corps. I am very happy. If. and I shall be ever grateful to President Roosevelt and the C. unsure. 3.

(Document J) These setbacks still did little to affect the impact that the New Deal already had on American economics. During the Great Depression. Harry Hopkin's FERA. and despite many obstacles along the way. The restriction of organizations like the AAA and the NRA. but in some cases. If that wasn't the craziest system in the world. Overcoming these political faults was a great challenge to New Deal legislation. The Roosevelt administration marked a large shift in political thought. This form of self-torture was unique to the time period. another competitive edge in order to revive the economy.S. It is true that some of the economic branches of the New Deal were ultimately terminated. One provision that helped solve this problem was the Gold Standard Act. which in turn caused supporters to doubt Roosevelt's leadership. With the actions of the TVA. The AAA helped farmers in the stimulation of production and advising farmers which crops to plant to curb a detrimental surplus. a very odd sentimentality was rampant in the distraught population. not the system" (Document C). It was through the New Deal that reliance upon the government was a realistic option. visible in American nationalism during World War II. Organizations such as the WPA. unsteady. during the lameduck portion of his own administration. they were decidedly put in their place by the success of organizations such as the TVA. views began to change.due to the lame-duck status of congress and the dysfunctional political leaders previous to Roosevelt's presidency. Formal organizations giving relief and jobs to the masses helped recover America's bruised wallet and bruised ego. as a 1936 political cartoon illustrates. and the CCC gave the people a form of relief that previously many would have been wary of accepting. Roosevelt was able to literally bring the country back from the dead. but despite this fact. unsure. Critics of Roosevelt's policies were disappointed over and over by the success of his legislation and improvements. I . But as soon as this social barrier was overcome. Document B discusses this fact.The "Dustbowl" region of the Midwest was the most crucial area to repair economically. giving the U. the Midwest and West were revitalized and improved substantially. Republicans and conservative Democrats called for a stop to the New Deal. One method that political dissenters used to bar the success of the New Deal was the use of the Supreme Court to declare new legislation unconstitutional. all in one bout. " People with nothing to eat. Hoover. Virginia Durr recounts this mentality in a comment she made in the 1930s. could you imagine anything more idiotic? This was just insane. which economically place the United States on a similar currency standard as other countries involved in international trade. and was one small reason that the Depression lasted as long as it did. and they killed pigs. each of these institutions and acts helped to significantly impact American society. caused Roosevelt to resort to court packing. groping. criticism is widespread and more often than not a basis for party beliefs. failed to fully combat the pending economic crisis and consequently caused more bad than good. the nation suffered greatly. Very few instances could discourage the nation's faith in FDR. The principle behind these organizations was this: "A way can be found whereby it would be just as profitable for the farmer to produce more and find a ready market because prices are within the range of pocketbooks as for him to produce less and be unable to sell because those who desire his products cannot afford them" (Document E). Each measure of improvement helped to stabilize the economy and lend help to those in need. With a two or more party government. And people blamed themselves. as document F portrays. " I enrolled as a boy. One individual who participated in the Civilian Conservation Corps said this of his experience.

With the example of Eleanor Roosevelt. a WPA artist. One important social as well as economic piece of legislation was the Social Security Act of 1935.wanted something. Then I discovered what it was I was seeking. granted old age pensions. This vital document created a system of unemployment insurance.C. In this painting by Albrizio. even though they were met with criticism at times. that same year. the Secretary of Labor. Frances Perkins. Another important social change caused by the new deal was encouragement of women finding their place in society. . was the first individual to lobby for this particular system of federally sponsored social insurance. surrounded by individuals from each walk of life and social standing. My life at camp has given me that right. The triumph of New Deal legislation improved the American economy considerably. and prepared the nation for the upcoming World War in a way that was unattainable through any other method. replaced the welfare system with insurance." (Document I). but could not describe it or discover a means for attaining it. Parts of that same act are fully functional in the United States government of today. the effects of this act were so far reaching and crucial proved Roosevelt's competence as well as the magnitude of the New Deal itself. these new steps toward social recovery were not completely acceptable to the American public. gave aid to the handicapped. as Document D alludes to. massaging the back of the weary worker. However. despite critical evaluation of the times. and I shall be ever grateful to President Roosevelt and the C. But most individuals were decidedly for FDR's administrational improvements. Widely hailed as the most important thing Roosevelt accomplished. political. Although some of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's institutions did not last. The social problems of the time were largely overcome due to the New Deal. The New Deal and Roosevelt's administration saw important improvements in women's rights through the election of Hattie Caraway to the Senate and Molly Dewson. The economic.the faint streaks of the dawn of the better day" (Document G). The breadth and depth of the New Deal was massive. Many critics of Roosevelt claimed that he was becoming too Socialist. at the time the New Deal solved one of the most perplexing and catastrophic disasters America has been subjected to. far reaching level. said that the Social Security Act was " a step in the right direction-. a remnant fear of the Red Scare following World War I. heading the Women's Division of the Democratic National Committee. Walter Proctor in 1935. Others like Huey P.it was the right to call myself a man. women gained a greater sense of identity and usefulness. and social improvements of the time were huge innovations. Each aspect of the New Deal changed society on a wide.C. Long and Francis Townsend were determined that their plans for recovery would be more effective than the methods of the New Deal. Roosevelt is depicted standing upright.